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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

ARM: Broadband Radiometer Station (BRS) broadband shortwave and longwave 1-min radiation data with Dutton correction  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Broadband Radiometer Station (BRS) broadband shortwave and longwave 1-min radiation data with Dutton correction

Tom Stoffel; Bev Kay; Aron Habte; Mary Anderberg; Mark Kutchenreiter

2

ARM - Measurement - Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downwelling irradiance downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance The total diffuse and direct radiant energy, at wavelengths longer than approximately 4 {mu}m, that is being emitted downwards. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BSRN : Baseline Solar Radiation Network BRS : Broadband Radiometer Station CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems

3

ARM - Measurement - Net broadband total irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsNet broadband total irradiance govMeasurementsNet broadband total irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Net broadband total irradiance The difference between upwelling and downwelling, covering longwave and shortwave radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments EBBR : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station SEBS : Surface Energy Balance System External Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model

4

Broadband Longwave Radiative Cooling Rates in Inhomogeneous Stratocumulus Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Broadband Longwave Radiative Cooling Rates in Broadband Longwave Radiative Cooling Rates in Inhomogeneous Stratocumulus Clouds M. Ovtchinnikov and T. P. Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington D. B. Mechem and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma R. F. Cahalan National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland A. B. Davis Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico R. G. Ellingson and E. E.Takara Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida K. F. Evans University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction We are concerned with three-dimensional (3D) effects of longwave (LW) radiative transfer (RT) through inhomogeneous clouds. In cloud models, LW RT is typically calculated under the independent

5

ARM - Measurement - Longwave broadband net irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

purposes. External Instruments ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model...

6

On the Surface Temperature Sensitivity of the Reflected Shortwave, Outgoing Longwave, and Net Incident Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global-mean top-of-atmosphere incident solar radiation (ISR) minus the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and the reflected shortwave radiation (RSW) is the net incident radiation (NET). This study analyzes the global-mean NET sensitivity to a ...

Hartmut H. Aumann; Alexander Ruzmaikin; Ali Behrangi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

ARM - Measurement - Longwave broadband upwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer RAD : Radiation Measurements at AMF SIRS : Solar and Infrared Radiation Station External Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for...

8

Accounting for the Solar Radiation Influence on Downward Longwave Irradiance Measurements by Pyrgeometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of broadband downward longwave (LW) irradiance are carried out at Lampedusa, Italy, in the Mediterranean, jointly with solar irradiance, since 2004 using shaded and unshaded Eppley Precision Infrared Radiometers (PIRs) and Kipp & ...

Daniela Meloni; Claudia Di Biagio; Alcide di Sarra; Francesco Monteleone; Giandomenico Pace; Damiano Massimiliano Sferlazzo

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Unfiltering of the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Data. Part II: Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method used to estimate the unfiltered longwave broadband radiance from the filtered radiances measured by the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) instrument is presented. This unfiltering method is used to generate the first released ...

N. Clerbaux; S. Dewitte; C. Bertrand; D. Caprion; B. De Paepe; L. Gonzalez; A. Ipe; J. E. Russell

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Examination of the Relationship between Outgoing Infrared Window and Total Longwave Fluxes Using Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between narrowband and broadband thermal radiances is explored to determine the accuracy of outgoing longwave radiation derived from narrowband data. Infrared window (10.2–12.2 ?m) data from the Geostationary Operational ...

Patrick Minnis; David F. Young; Edwin F. Harrison

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Large-Scale Precipitation and Outgoing Longwave Radiation from INSAT-1B during the 1986 Southwest Monsoon Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Areally averaged precipitation and broadband outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) have been estimated from infrared window channel observations from INSAT-1B, the Indian geostationary satellite, for the period June–September 1986. The estimation ...

Phillip A. Arkin; A. V. R. Krishna Rao; R. R. Kelkar

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

ARM's Broadband Radiometer Station (BRS) Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

ARM's BRS data contains measurements of broadband shortwave and longwave, downwelling, upwelling, and normal radiation. The Broadband Radiometer Station (BRS) has collected data since 2001. Data Plots can be viewed for the BRS datastream through ARM's Thumbnail Browser. The primary site for BRS data collection is the Southern Great Plains (SGP).

13

A Parameterization for Longwave Surface Radiation from Sun-Synchronous Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization has been developed for computing downward, upward, and net longwave radiation at the earth's surface using meteorological data from NOAA's operational sun-synchronous satellites. The parameterization was developed using a ...

Shashi K. Gupta

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Longwave Band-By-Band Cloud Radiative Effect and Its Application in GCM Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cloud radiative effect (CRE) of each longwave (LW) absorption band of a GCM’s radiation code is uniquely valuable for GCM evaluation because 1) comparing band-by-band CRE avoids the compensating biases in the broadband CRE comparison and 2) ...

Xianglei Huang; Jason N. S. Cole; Fei He; Gerald L. Potter; Lazaros Oreopoulos; Dongmin Lee; Max Suarez; Norman G. Loeb

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer to Measure the Absolute Outdoor Longwave Irradiance with Traceability to International System of Units, SI  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP), U.S. Patent application no. 13/049, 275. The ACP consists of domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold-plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acquisition. The dome was removed from the pyrgeometer to remove errors associated with dome transmittance and the dome correction factor. To avoid thermal convection and wind effect errors resulting from using a domeless thermopile, the gold-plated concentrator was placed above the thermopile. The concentrator is a dual compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) with 180{sup o} view angle to measure the outdoor incoming longwave irradiance from the atmosphere. The incoming irradiance is reflected from the specular gold surface of the CPC and concentrated on the 11 mm diameter of the pyrgeometer's blackened thermopile. The CPC's interior surface design and the resulting cavitation result in a throughput value that was characterized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ACP was installed horizontally outdoor on an aluminum plate connected to the temperature controller to control the pyrgeometer's case temperature. The responsivity of the pyrgeometer's thermopile detector was determined by lowering the case temperature and calculating the rate of change of the thermopile output voltage versus the changing net irradiance. The responsivity is then used to calculate the absolute atmospheric longwave irradiance with an uncertainty estimate (U{sub 95}) of {+-}3.96 W m{sup 02} with traceability to the International System of Units, SI. The measured irradiance was compared with the irradiance measured by two pyrgeometers calibrated by the World Radiation Center with traceability to the Interim World Infrared Standard Group, WISG. A total of 408 readings were collected over three different nights. The calculated irradiance measured by the ACP was 1.5 W/m{sup 2} lower than that measured by the two pyrgeometers that are traceable to WISG, with a standard deviation of {+-}0.7 W m{sup -2}. These results suggest that the ACP design might be used for addressing the need to improve the international reference for broadband outdoor longwave irradiance measurements.

Reda, I.; Zeng, J.; Scheuch, J.; Hanssen, L.; Wilthan, B.; Myers, D.; Stoffel, T.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

ARM - Measurement - Longwave spectral radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectral radiance spectral radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave spectral radiance The rate at which the spectrally resolved radiant energy in the longwave portion of the spectrum is emitted in a particular direction per unit area perpendicular to the direction of radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer ASSIST : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral

17

Longwave Scattering Effects of Mineral Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scattering in the longwave domain has been neglected in the first generation of radiative codes and is still neglected in most current GCMs. Scattering in the longwave domain does not play any significant role for clear-sky conditions but recent ...

Jean-Louis Dufresne; Catherine Gautier; Paul Ricchiazzi; Yves Fouquart

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Long-Wave Infrared | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long-Wave Infrared Long-Wave Infrared Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Long-Wave Infrared Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Map characteristic minerals associated with hot springs/mineral deposits Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Map surface temperatures Dictionary.png Long-Wave Infrared: Long Wave Infrared (LWIR) refers to multi- and hyperspectral data collected in the 8 to 15 µm wavelength range. LWIR surveys are sometimes referred to as "thermal imaging" and can be used to identify relatively warm features

19

Annual Cycle of Surface Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual cycles of upward and downward longwave fluxes at the earth’s surface are investigated by use of the NASA Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Surface Radiation Budget Dataset. Principal component analysis is used to quantify ...

Pamela E. Mlynczak; G. Louis Smith; Anne C. Wilber; Paul W. Stackhouse

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Spatial Variability of Outgoing Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment scanning radiometer aboard the NOAA-9 operational meteorological satellite are used to investigate the spatial variability of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR). Daily and monthly radiation maps at ...

G. Louis Smith; David Rutan

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing as Determined from Nimbus-7 Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collocated and coincident cloud and outgoing longwave radiation observations taken by experiments on board the Nimbus-7 satellite have been used to infer the daytime longwave cloud-radiative forcing. Through the specification of a time-series of ...

Philip E. Ardanuy; Larry L. Stowe; Arnold Gruber; Mitchell Weiss; Craig S. Long

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Longwave radiative forcing by aqueous aerosols  

SciTech Connect

Recently, a great deal of interest has been focused on the role of aerosols in climatic change because of their potential cooling impacts due to light scattering. Recent advances in infrared spectroscopy using cylindrical internal reflectance have allowed the longwave absorption of dissolved aerosol species and the associated liquid water to be accurately determined and evaluated. Experimental measurements using these techniques have shown that dissolved sulfate, nitrate, and numerous other aerosol species will act to cause greenhouse effects. Preliminary calculations indicate that the longwave climate forcing (i.e., heating) for sulfate aerosol will be comparable in magnitude to the cooling effect produced by light scattering. However, more detailed modeling will clearly be needed to address the impact of the longwave forcing due to aerosols as a function of atmospheric height and composition. Their work has shown that aerosol composition will be important in determining longwave forcing, while shortwave forcing will be more related to the physical size of the aerosol droplets. On the basis of these studies, it is increasingly apparent that aerosols, fogs, and clouds play a key role in determining the radiative balance of the atmosphere and in controlling regional and global climates.

Gaffney, J.S.; Marley, N.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Research Div.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

On the Estimation of Clear-Sky Upwelling Shortwave and Longwave  

SciTech Connect

Previous work (Long and Ackerman 2000; Long 2004) has concentrated on estimation of the downwelling clear-sky irradiances and the calculation of the effect of clouds on the downwelling radiative energy budget. However, cloud forcing is defined for the difference between clear- and cloudy-sky net radiation, which includes the upwelling components. Thus, if we are to estimate the surface radiative cloud forcing, the means must be developed to estimate what the upwelling shortwave and longwave irradiance would be if the clouds were not present. Estimation of the upwelling longwave (LW) is particularly troublesome in that the emitted upwelling LW is a function of the total surface energy exchange including latent and sensible heat, which is related to but not necessarily always totally driven by the radiative exchange alone, but also involves the evolving soil and vegetation properties and changes in soil moisture amounts.

Long, C.N.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

Evaluation of Arctic Broadband Surface Radiation Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arctic is a challenging environment for making in-situ radiation measurements. A standard suite of radiation sensors is typically designed to measure the total, direct and diffuse components of incoming and outgoing broadband shortwave (SW) and broadband thermal infrared, or longwave (LW) radiation. Enhancements can include various sensors for measuring irradiance in various narrower bandwidths. Many solar radiation/thermal infrared flux sensors utilize protective glass domes and some are mounted on complex mechanical platforms (solar trackers) that rotate sensors and shading devices that track the sun. High quality measurements require striking a balance between locating sensors in a pristine undisturbed location free of artificial blockage (such as buildings and towers) and providing accessibility to allow operators to clean and maintain the instruments. Three significant sources of erroneous data include solar tracker malfunctions, rime/frost/snow deposition on the instruments and operational problems due to limited operator access in extreme weather conditions. In this study, a comparison is made between the global and component sum (direct [vertical component] + diffuse) shortwave measurements. The difference between these two quantities (that theoretically should be zero) is used to illustrate the magnitude and seasonality of radiation flux measurement problems. The problem of rime/frost/snow deposition is investigated in more detail for one case study utilizing both shortwave and longwave measurements. Solutions to these operational problems are proposed that utilize measurement redundancy, more sophisticated heating and ventilation strategies and a more systematic program of operational support and subsequent data quality protocols.

Matsui, N.; Long, Charles N.; Augustine, J. A.; Halliwell, D.; Uttal, Taneil; Longenecker, D.; Niebergale, J.; Wendell, J.; Albee, R.

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband total net irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems External Instruments ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model...

26

Introducing an Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer for Improving the Atmospheric Longwave Irradiance Measurement (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Advancing climate change research requires accurate and traceable measurement of the atmospheric longwave irradiance. Current measurement capabilities are limited to an estimated uncertainty of larger than +/- 4 W/m2 using the interim World Infrared Standard Group (WISG). WISG is traceable to the Systeme international d'unites (SI) through blackbody calibrations. An Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer (ACP) is being developed to measure absolute outdoor longwave irradiance with traceability to SI using the temperature scale (ITS-90) and the sky as the reference source, instead of a blackbody. The ACP was designed by NREL and optically characterized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Under clear-sky and stable conditions, the responsivity of the ACP is determined by lowering the temperature of the cavity and calculating the rate of change of the thermopile output voltage versus the changing net irradiance. The absolute atmospheric longwave irradiance is then calculated with an uncertainty of +/- 3.96 W/m2 with traceability to SI. The measured irradiance by the ACP was compared with the irradiance measured by two pyrgeometers calibrated by the World Radiation Center with traceability to the WISG. A total of 408 readings was collected over three different clear nights. The calculated irradiance measured by the ACP was 1.5 W/m2 lower than that measured by the two pyrgeometers that are traceable to WISG. Further development and characterization of the ACP might contribute to the effort of improving the uncertainty and traceability of WISG to SI.

Reda, I.; Hansen, L.; Zeng, J.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

ARM - Measurement - Longwave narrowband brightness temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband brightness temperature narrowband brightness temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave narrowband brightness temperature A descriptive measure of radiation in terms of the temperature of a hypothetical black body emitting an identical amount of radiation in the same narrow band of wavelengths. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments IRT : Infrared Thermometer Field Campaign Instruments RAD-AIR : Airborne Radiometers

28

ARM - Measurement - Longwave narrowband upwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband upwelling irradiance narrowband upwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave narrowband upwelling irradiance The total radiant energy, in a narrow band of wavelengths longer than approximately 4 {mu}m, passing through a horizontal unit area in an upward direction. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments OTTER : Twin Otter UAV-EGRETT : UAV-Egrett Value-Added Products LBTM-MINNIS : Minnis Cloud Products Using LBTM Algorithm (Process)

29

The Status of the NOAA Outgoing Longwave Radiation Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites have provided over eight years of observations from which estimates of the earth's total longwave emittance can be derived. Changes in satellite instrumentation, orbit, and ...

Arnold Gruber; Arthur F. Krueger

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Improvement of Surface Longwave Flux Algorithms Used in CERES Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improvement was developed and tested for surface longwave flux algorithms used in the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System processing based on lessons learned during the validation of global results of those algorithms. The algorithms ...

Shashi K. Gupta; David P. Kratz; Paul W. Stackhouse Jr.; Anne C. Wilber; Taiping Zhang; Victor E. Sothcott

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Multidimensional Longwave Forcing of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of multidimensional (MD) longwave radiative effects on cloud dynamics is evaluated in an eddy-resolving model (ERM)—the two-dimensional analog to large-eddy simulation (LES)—framework employing multidimensional radiative transfer [...

David B. Mechem; Yefim L. Kogan; Mikhail Ovtchinnikov; Anthony B. Davis; K. Franklin Evans; Robert G. Ellingson

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

The Global Character of the Flux of Downward Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four different types of estimates of the surface downwelling longwave radiative flux (DLR) are reviewed. One group of estimates synthesizes global cloud, aerosol, and other information in a radiation model that is used to calculate fluxes. Because ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Martin Wild; Paul W. Stackhouse Jr.; Tristan L’Ecuyer; Seiji Kato; David S. Henderson

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

An Analytic Longwave Radiation Formula for Liquid Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Cloud System Study (GCSS) intercomparisons of boundary layer clouds have used a convenient but idealized longwave radiation formula for clouds in their large-eddy simulations (LESs). Under ...

Vincent E. Larson; Kurt E. Kotenberg; Norman B. Wood

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Development of the HIRS Outgoing Longwave Radiation Climate Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) product, which NOAA has been operationally generating since 1979, is a very long data record that has been used in many applications, yet past studies have ...

Hai-Tien Lee; Arnold Gruber; Robert G. Ellingson; Istvan Laszlo

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Evolution and Trend of the Outgoing Longwave Radiation Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability and change occurring in the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) spectrum are investigated by using simulations performed with a Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory coupled atmosphere–ocean–land general circulation model. First, ...

Yi Huang; V. Ramaswamy

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Factors Controlling ERBE Longwave Clear Sky and Cloud Forcing Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The factors controlling the Earth Radiation Budget satellite (ERBS) longwave clear sky and cloud-forcing fluxes are investigated using statistical analyses of the ERBS fluxes with International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud ...

Bryan C. Weare

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and shortwave sky imagers Takara, Ezra Florida State University Ellingson, Robert Florida State University Ma, Yingtao University of Maryland Category: Cloud Properties In the longwave, two measures of cloudiness for single layer clouds are the probability of clear line of sight (PCLoS) and the effective cloud fraction. As the name states, the PCLoS is the probability of a clear line of sight through a broken cloud field. The effectivecloud fraction is the fraction of the sky that is taken up by the clouds; this includes the portion blocked by the cloud sides as well as the fraction taken up by the cloud bases. The effective cloud fraction can be derived from measurements or from the PCLoS. Here the PCLoS obtained from the shortwave-based Total

38

Broadband in the Home  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the fact that well over half the population is now served by ADSL-equipped exchanges (at March 2002 there were 1010 exchanges enabled for broadband), the take-up of broadband, particularly in the home, is very low. By March 2002 there were 145 ...

K. E. Nolde

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

POLICY BRIEF RURAL BROADBAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unused airwaves abutting broadcast television spectrum to be available for wireless broadband 1. Opening these airwaves, which are commonly called television “white spaces, ” is expected to lead to improved wireless connectivity and considerable innovation in Internet?based products and services. Advocates say that the new rules could significantly upgrade the range and quality of broadband services across rural America. This change is just one of many decisions, policies, reports, and pieces of legislation concerning improved broadband deployment that have appeared in recent months. This brief has been prepared to give policymakers and practitioners with interests in rural development some background on the issues and opportunities associated with rural broadband, as a basis for wiser public choice on investment in rural places. What is broadband? The term ”broadband ” refers to any technology that transmits data across the Internet at high speeds and is “always on ” – as compared with a dial?up system that must be connected each time a user wishes to access the Internet. Broadband systems have a two?way stream of data: upstream for sending data and downstream for receiving data. Broadband services in the United States are most often delivered by telephone companies on digital

Brian Dabson; Jennifer Keller; Brian Dabson; Jennifer Keller I

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Determination of Longwave Heat Flux at the Air-Sea Interface Using Measurements from Buoy Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theory for pyrgeometer operation is utilized for determining downwelling longwave radiation. Errors in downwelling longwave radiation measurements are due to differences in pyrgeometer body and dome temperatures compared to that of the ...

T. D. Dickey; D. V. Manov; R. A. Weller; D. A. Siegel

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Satellite Determinations of the Relationship between Total Longwave Radiation Flux and Infrared Window Radiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nimbus-7 satellite observations are used to determine the relationship between the total longwave radiation flux and the radiance in the 10-12 ?m infrared window. The total longwave fluxes are obtained from the earth radiation budget (ERB) narrow-...

George Ohring; Arnold Gruber; Robert Ellingson

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Empirical Orthogonal Function Analysis of Satellite-Observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation During Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the characteristic features of the Asiatic summer monsoon were investigated using outgoing longwave radiation data obtained from NOAA polar orbiting satellites during the summer mouths in 1974–77. Monthly mean outgoing longwave radiation ...

Takio Murakami

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Broadband Access Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The deployment of broadband access networks will revolutionise many aspects of society in the early years of the next millennium. Manufacturers, telecommunications providers and cable television operators world-wide are investing heavily on research ...

J. Kelly; R. Adnams; M. Enrico; M. Whittle

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

New Visible to Broadband Shortwave Conversions for Deriving Albedos from GOES-8 Over the ARM-SGP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Visible to Broadband Shortwave Conversions for New Visible to Broadband Shortwave Conversions for Deriving Albedos from GOES-8 Over the ARM-SGP V. Chakrapani, D. R. Doelling, and M. M. Khaiyer Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction The radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) is a quantity of fundamental importance to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Thus, it is necessary to measure the radiation budget components, broadband shortwave (SW) albedo and outgoing longwave radiation, as accurately as possible. Measurement of TOA broadband albedos over the ARM surface sites has only been possible since the advent of Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES; Wielicki et al.

45

Definition: Long-Wave Infrared | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Long-Wave Infrared Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Long-Wave Infrared Long Wave Infrared (LWIR) refers to multi- and hyperspectral data collected in the 8 to 15 µm wavelength range. LWIR surveys are sometimes referred to as "thermal imaging" and can be used to identify relatively warm features such as hot springs, fumaroles, and snow melt. LWIR can also be used to map the distribution of certain minerals related to hydrothermal alterations.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ Katherine Young,Timothy Reber,Kermit Witherbee. 2012. Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge Exchange on Openei. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Workshop on Geothermal

46

Implementing the National Broadband  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Type text] Type text] Response to Request for Information from the Department of Energy: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy [FR Doc. 2010-11127] July 12, 2010 EnerNOC Page 2 of 8 EnerNOC, Inc. ("EnerNOC") is pleased to provide these comments to the Department of Energy in response to the Request for Information "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy." EnerNOC is a provider of demand response and energy efficiency solutions to utilities, Independent

47

The broadband bonus: Estimating broadband Internet's economic value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How much economic value did broadband Internet create? Despite the importance of this question for national policy, no research has estimated broadband's incremental contribution to U.S. GDP by calibrating against historical adoption and incorporating ... Keywords: Broadband, Economic value, Internet, Surplus

Shane Greenstein; Ryan C. McDevitt

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Technical Sessions A Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Study of Longwave Radiation A Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies: Validation with ARM Observations and Tests in General Circulation Models R. G. Ellingson F. Baer Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 Introduction the radiation sensitivity problem. We anticipate that the outcome of this approach will provide both a better longwave radiative forcing algorithm and a better understanding of how longwave radiative forcing influences the equilibrium climate of the atmosphere. Nature of Longwave Problems Longwave radiation quantities-radiances, fluxes and heating rates-are usually calculated in GCM models as the cloud amount weighted average of the values for clear and homogeneous cloud conditions. For example, the downward flux at the surface, F, may be written as

49

Broadband and universal service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Section 254(b)(3) of the 1996 Telecommunications Act established the objective that residents of rural areas should have access to advanced telecommunications and information services comparable to services in urban areas. Pursuant to the passage of ... Keywords: Broadband policy, Empirical analysis, Rural, Telecommunications policy, Universal service

David Gabel

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Clear Skies A Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies: Validation with Observations and Tests in General Circulation Models-an Update R. G. Ellingson and F. Baer Department of...

51

Spectral longwave emission in the tropics: FTIR measurements at the sea surface and comparison with fast radiation codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Longwave emission by the tropical western Pacific atmosphere has been measured at the ocean surface by a Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroradiometer deployed aboard the research vessel John Vickers as part of the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment. The instrument operated throughout a Pacific Ocean crossing, beginning on 7 March 1993 in Honiara, Solomon Islands, and ending on 29 March 1993 in Los Angeles, and recorded longwave emission spectra under atmospheres associated with sea surface temperatures ranging from 291.0 to 302.8 K. Precipitable water vapor abundances ranged from 1.9 to 5.5 column centimeters. Measured emission spectra (downwelling zenith radiance) covered the middled infrared (5-20 {mu}m) with one inverse centimeter spectral resolution. FTIR measurements made under an entirely clear field of view are compared with spectra generated by LOWTRAN 7 and MODTRAN 2, as well as downwelling flux calculated by the NCAR COmmunity Climate Model (CCM-2) radiation code, using radiosonde profiles as input data for these calculations. In the spectral interval 800-1000 cm{sup -1}, these comparisons show a discrepance between FTIR data and MODTRAN 2 having an overall variability of 6-7 mW m{sup -2} sr{sup -1} cm and a concave shape that may be related to the representation of water vapor continuum emission in MODTRAN 2. Another discrepancy appears in the spectral interval 1200-1300 cm{sup -1}, whether MODTRAN 2 appears to overestimate zenith radiance by 5 mW m{sup -2} sr-1 cm. These discrepancies appear consistently; however, they become only slightly larger at the highest water vapor abundances. Because these radiance discrepancies correspond to broadband (500-2000 cm{sup -1}) flux uncertainties of around 3 W m{sup -2}, there appear to be no serious inadequacies with the performance of MODTRAN 2 or LOWTRAN 7 at high atmospheric temperatures and water vapor abundances. 23 refs., 10 figs.

Lubin, D.; Cutchin, D.; Conant, W. [Univ. of California, La Jolla, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, La Jolla, CA (United States); Grassl, H. [Institut fuer Meteorologie, Hamburg (Germany)] [Institut fuer Meteorologie, Hamburg (Germany); Schmid, U.; Biselli, W. [Universitaet Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)] [Universitaet Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Montana's net-metering law, enacted in July 1999, applies to all customers of investor-owned utilities. Systems up to 50 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind or...

53

Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In March 2008, the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted rules for net metering and interconnection for renewable-energy systems up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity. The PSC rules apply...

54

Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

[http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf LB 436], signed in May 2009, established statewide net metering rules for all electric utilities in Nebraska. The rules apply to...

55

Municipal broadband access networks in the Netherlands - three successful cases, and how New Europe may benefit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Netherlands there have been various successful municipal broadband access network projects in the last few years, and many more projects are taking shape at this moment. Some of them are targeting business, others aim to connect residents, and ... Keywords: BReATH, ICT, Kenniswijk, OnsNet Nuenen, Wireless Leiden, access networks, broadband, business model, case study, e-services, glass fiber, municipal networks, wireless

R. D. J. Kramer; A. Lopez; A. M. J. Koonen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Implementing the National Broadband  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Before the Before the Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy NBP RFI: Communications Requirements COMMENTS OF BALTIMORE GAS & ELECTRIC COMPANY I. Introduction BGE is the nation's oldest and most experienced utility company. It has met the energy needs of central Maryland for nearly 200 years. Today, it serves more than 1.2 million business and residential electric customers, and approximately 650,000 gas customers in an economically diverse, 2,300-square-mile area encompassing Baltimore City and all or part of ten central Maryland counties.

57

Long-Wave Infrared At Coso Geothermal Area (1968-1971) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long-Wave Infrared At Coso Geothermal Area (1968-1971) Long-Wave Infrared At Coso Geothermal Area (1968-1971) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Long-Wave Infrared At Coso Geothermal Area (1968-1971) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Long-Wave Infrared Activity Date 1968 - 1971 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Fumarolic and hot springs activity Notes 8- to 14-micrometer IR imagery has value in delineating the typical arcuate structural patterns References Koenig, J.B.; Gawarecki, S.J.; Austin, C.F. (1 February 1972) Remote sensing survey of the Coso geothermal area, Inyo county, California. Technical publication 1968--1971 Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Long-Wave_Infrared_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1968-1971)&oldid=473747"

58

Eastward Propagation of 30–60 Day Perturbations as Revealed from Outgoing Longwave Radiation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the characteristic features of low-frequency oscillations were investigated by applying an extended empirical orthogonal function (EEOF) analysis to 30–60 day filtered outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) data during the eight years of.1975–...

Takio Murakami; Long-Xun Chen; An Xie; Madan L. Shrestha

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Earth Radiation Budget: Results of Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Nimbus-7, NOAA-9, and ERBS Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eighteen months of wide field-of-view (WFOV) outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) measurements from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) NOAA-9 and NOAA-10 spacecraft have been deconvolved to produce resolution-enhanced flux maps at the top ...

T. Dale Bess; G. Louis Smith

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Investigating Variability of Outgoing Longwave Radiation over Peninsular Malaysia Using Wavelet Transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study analyzes and quantifies the spatial–temporal variability of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) over peninsular Malaysia using the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) from 2003 to 2010. The goal is to understand the long-term ...

E. S. Lim; Uma Das; C. J. Pan; K. Abdullah; C. J. Wong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Longwave 3D Benchmarks for Inhomogeneous Clouds and Comparisons with Approximate Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is twofold: to (i) establish three-dimensional (3D) longwave radiative transfer benchmarks for inhomogeneous cloud fields and (ii) compare the results with three approximate, 1D methods. The benchmark results are ...

George P. Kablick III; Robert G. Ellingson; Ezra E. Takara; Jlujing Gu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Simulation of the Diurnal Cycle of Outgoing Longwave Radiation with an Atmospheric GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from an integration of the U.K. Meteorological Office 11-Layer Atmospheric General Circulation Model, with emphasis on the simulation of the diurnal cycle of the outgoing longwave radiation. The model reproduces many of the ...

A. Slingo; R. C. Wilderspin; S. J. Brentnall

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

An Earth Outgoing Longwave Radiation Climate Model. Part II: Radiation with Clouds Included  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Earth outgoing longwave radiation (OLWR) climate model was constructed for radiation budget studies. The model consists of the upward radiative transfer parameterization of Thompson and Warren, the cloud cover model of Sherr et al., and a ...

Shi-Keng Yang; G. Louis Smith; Fred L. Bartman

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Parameterizing Grid-Averaged Longwave Fluxes for Inhomogeneous Marine Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the relative impacts on grid-averaged longwave flux transmittance (emittance) for marine boundary layer (MBL) cloud fields arising from horizontal variability of optical depth ? and cloud sides. First, using fields of Landsat-...

Howard W. Barker; Bruce A. Wielicki

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Aerosol Effects on Cloud Emissivity and Surface Longwave Heating in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increases in anthropogenic aerosols in the atmosphere tend to increase the reflectance of solar (shortwave) radiation from water clouds, which can lead to lower surface temperatures. Here an opposing effect whereby aerosols increase the longwave ...

Timothy J. Garrett; Lawrence F. Radke; Peter V. Hobbs

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Annual and Interannual Variations in Outgoing Longwave Radiation over the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four years of satellite observations of the outgoing longwave radiation have been used to study the distribution of cloudiness and rainfall over the tropics. Annual and interannual variations are described, partially with the help of an ...

Thomas R. Heddinghaus; Arthur F. Krueger

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The Role of Longwave Radiation and Boundary Layer Thermodynamics in Forcing Tropical Surface Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reveals major deficiencies of the existing intermediate climate models for tropical surface winds and elaborates the important roles of cloud-longwave radiational forcing and boundary layer thermodynamics in driving the tropical ...

Xiouhua Fu; Bin Wang

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Relationship of Extratropical Outgoing Longwave Radiation to Monthly Geopotential Teleconnection Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between low frequency variations in extratropical fields of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and geopotential teleconnection patterns as determined by rotated principal components (RPC) analysis of the NMC 500-mb heights is ...

Thomas P. Charlock; Fred G. Rose; T. Dale Bess; G. Louis Smith

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

An Improved Parameterization for Estimating Effective Atmospheric Emissivity for Use in Calculating Daytime Downwelling Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved parameterization is presented for estimating effective atmospheric emissivity for use in calculating downwelling longwave radiation based on temperature, humidity, pressure, and solar radiation observations. The first improvement is ...

Todd M. Crawford; Claude E. Duchon

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Determining Longwave Forcing and Feedback Using Infrared Spectra and GNSS Radio Occultation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors investigate whether combining a data type derived from radio occultation (RO) with the infrared spectral data in an optimal detection method improves the quantification of longwave radiative forcing and feedback. Signals derived from ...

Yi Huang; Stephen S. Leroy; James G. Anderson

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Impact of Covariance Localization on Ensemble Estimation of Surface Downwelling Longwave and Shortwave Radiation Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate estimates of terrestrial hydrologic states and fluxes are, in large part, dependent on accurate estimates of the spatiotemporal variability and uncertainty of land surface forcings, including downwelling longwave (LW) and shortwave (SW) ...

B. A. Forman; S. A. Margulis

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Accurate Radiometric Measurement of the Atmospheric Longwave Flux at theSea Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The errors in pyrgeometer measurements of the atmospheric longwave flux at the sea surface due to differential heating of the sensor dome relative to the body and to shortwave leakage through the dome are evaluated. Contrary to the findings of ...

Robin W. Pascal; Simon A. Josey

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

On the Effects of Cumulus Dimensions on Longwave Irradiance and Heating Rate Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of a cumulus cloud field, parameterized as right circular cylinders, has been used to estimate the uncertainties in longwave radiation calculations of irradiances and heating rates caused by neglecting the dimensions of the clouds. The ...

Robert G. Ellingson

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A Parameterization for Longwave Surface Radiation from Satellite Data: Recent Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several improvements have been made recently to the parameterization for surface longwave radiation described by Gupta. Model constants have been modified in order to use meteorological data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology ...

Shashi K. Gupta; Wayne L. Darnell; Anne C. Wilber

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from HIRS Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating outgoing longwave radiation from observations on the NOAA operational satellites has been developed from a regression analysis of radiation model calculations. The technique consists of a weighted sum of radiance in ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Hai-Tien Lee; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Decadal Climate Simulations Using Accurate and Fast Neural Network Emulation of Full, Longwave and Shortwave, Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to calculating model physics using neural network emulations, previously proposed and developed by the authors, has been implemented in this study for both longwave and shortwave radiation parameterizations, or to the full model ...

Vladimir M. Krasnopolsky; Michael S. Fox-Rabinovitz; Alexei A. Belochitski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Diurnal Cycle of Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Earth Radiation Budget Experiment Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal cycle of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) from the earth is analyzed by decomposing satellite observations into a set of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). The observations are from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) ...

G. Louis Smith; David A. Rutan

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Long-Wave Dynamics of Sea Level Variations during Indian Ocean Dipole Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-wave dynamics of the interannual variations of the equatorial Indian Ocean circulation are studied using an ocean general circulation model forced by the assimilated surface winds and heat flux of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Dongliang Yuan; Hailong Liu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

On the Observed Near Cancellation between Longwave and Shortwave Cloud Forcing in Tropical Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations based on Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) satellite data indicate that there is a near cancellation between tropical longwave and shortwave cloud forcing in regions of deep convective activity. Cloud forcing depends on both ...

J. T. Kiehl

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Downward Longwave Surface Radiation from Sun-Synchronous Satellite Data: Validation of Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive study has been carried out to validate a satellite technique for estimating downward longwave radiation at the surface. The technique, mostly developed earlier, uses operational sun-synchronous satellite data and a radiative transfer ...

Wayne L. Darnell; Shashi K. Gupta; W. Frank Staylor

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Intraseasonal Circulation and Outgoing Longwave Radiation Modes During Northern Hemisphere Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An eigenvector analysis is used to characterize global-scale, intraseasonal variability in satellite-derived outgoing longwave radiation fields and NMC analyzed circulation fields. Five-day average covering November-March of 1974–75 through 1979–...

Klaus M. Weickmann

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Recent Changes in Downward Longwave Radiation at King Sejong Station, Antarctica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of cloud, air temperature, and specific humidity on downward longwave irradiance and their long-term variabilities are examined by analyzing the measurements made at the King Sejong Station in the Antarctic Peninsula during the period of ...

Hi Ku Cho; Jhoon Kim; Yeonjin Jung; Yun Gon Lee; Bang Yong Lee

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Cloud, Surface Temperature, and Outgoing Longwave Radiation for the Period from 1979 to 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quasi-biennial global, midlatitude, and tropical oscillations were observed using top-of-the-atmosphere outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), surface air temperature (SAT), and cloud amount for the period from 1979 to 1989. The in-phase quasi-...

H. Lee Kyle; Mitchell Weiss; Philip Ardanuy

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

A Study of the Incoming Longwave Atmospheric Radiation from a Clear Sky  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A band model for atmospheric absorption is used to calculate the incoming longwave atmospheric radiative flux for some typical clear sky conditions. The sky radiation is also measured using a specially-designed calorimetric apparatus over a wide ...

J. W. Ramsey; H. D. Chiang; R. J. Goldstein

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Observed Relationships between Arctic Longwave Cloud Forcing and Cloud Parameters Using a Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network technique is used to quantify relationships involved in cloud–radiation feedbacks based on observations from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) project. Sensitivities of longwave cloud forcing (CFL) to cloud parameters ...

Yonghua Chen; Filipe Aires; Jennifer A. Francis; James R. Miller

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Evaluation of Methods to Estimate the Surface Downwelling Longwave Flux during Arctic Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface longwave radiation fluxes dominate the energy budget of nighttime polar regions, yet little is known about the relative accuracy of existing satellite-based techniques to estimate this parameter. We compare eight methods to estimate the ...

Marc Chiacchio; Jennifer Francis; Paul Stackhouse Jr.

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The broadband digital divide and the economic benefits of mobile broadband for rural areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadband is becoming increasingly important to national economies and the personal lives of users. However, broadband availability and adoption are not diffusing in rural and urban areas at the same rates. This article updates the rural broadband digital ... Keywords: Digital divide, Economic development, Fixed broadband, Interval censored Poisson estimation, Mobile broadband, Rural areas

James E. Prieger

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Residential Broadband, 2nd edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:This comprehensive, accessible resource organizes and puts in context the complexities and variables that characterize full-scale deployment of residential broadband networks. This book provides valuable information and perspective ...

George Abe

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Broadband accelerator control network  

SciTech Connect

A broadband data communications network has been implemented at BNL for control of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AG) proton accelerator, using commercial CATV hardware, dual coaxial cables as the communications medium, and spanning 2.0 km. A 4 MHz bandwidth Digital Control channel using CSMA-CA protocol is provided for digital data transmission, with 8 access nodes available over the length of the RELWAY. Each node consists of an rf modem and a microprocessor-based store-and-forward message handler which interfaces the RELWAY to a branch line implemented in GPIB. A gateway to the RELWAY control channel for the (preexisting) AGS Computerized Accelerator Operating system has been constructed using an LSI-11/23 microprocessor as a device in a GPIB branch line. A multilayer communications protocol has been defined for the Digital Control Channel, based on the ISO Open Systems Interconnect layered model, and a RELWAY Device Language defined as the required universal language for device control on this channel.

Skelly, J.; Clifford, T.; Frankel, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

A 22-Year Dataset of Surface Longwave Fluxes in the Arctic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

22-Year Dataset of Surface Longwave Fluxes 22-Year Dataset of Surface Longwave Fluxes in the Arctic J. Francis and J. Secora Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey Abstract Downwelling longwave fluxes (DLFs) over the Arctic surface have been generated from 22.5 years of radiances and retrievals from the TIROS (television and infrared observation satellite) operational vertical sounder (TOVS). The flux retrieval algorithm has been validated and improved using surface- based radiation and cloud observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site in Barrow, Alaska, and from the Surface Heat Balance of the Arctic (SHEBA) field program (1997-98) in the Beaufort Sea. The DLF product is presented on a 100 x

91

A 20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux at the Arctic Surface from TOVS Satellite Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux 20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux at the Arctic Surface from TOVS Satellite Data J. Francis Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey A. Schweiger Polar Science Center University of Washington Seattle, Washington J. Key National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Madison, Wisconsin Introduction This paper summarizes the progress of a study under way to generate a 20-year dataset of surface downwelling longwave flux (DLF) retrievals from satellite data over the Arctic Ocean. We will produce daily fields between late 1979 and late 1998 on a grid with a spatial resolution of 100 km x 100 km 2 north of 60°N. Surface measurements from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) and the

92

Surface Forcing of the Infrared Cooling Profile over the Tibetan Plateau. Part I: Influence of Relative Longwave Radiative Heating at High Altitude  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of the Tibetan Plateau on the behavior of the surface longwave radiation budget is examined, and the behavior of the vertical profile of longwave cooling over the plateau, including its diurnal variation, is quantified. The investigation ...

Eric A. Smith; Lei Shi

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Effect of Shape and Spatial Distribution of Cumulus Clouds on Longwave Irradiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the longwave part of the spectrum, clouds are generally modeled in GCMs as flat black plates. The true effective cloud cover for transmittance of infrared radiation may be larger or smaller than the fractional cloud cover normal to the surface ...

Rosemary M. Killen; Robert G. Ellingson

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Year-Round Observation of Longwave Radiative Flux Divergence in Greenland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Longwave radiative flux divergence within the lowest 50 m of the atmospheric boundary layer was observed during the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Greenland Summit experiment. The dataset collected at 72°35?N, 38°30?W, 3203 m MSL is ...

S. W. Hoch; P. Calanca; R. Philipona; A. Ohmura

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Assessing Stability of CERES-FM3 Daytime Longwave Unfiltered Radiance with AIRS Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) daytime longwave (LW) radiances are determined from the difference between a total (TOT) channel (0.3–200 ?m) measurement and a shortwave (SW) channel (0.3–5 ?m) measurement, while nighttime LW ...

Xianglei Huang; Norman G. Loeb; Huiwen Chuang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Hollow Core Fiber Optics for Mid-Wave and Long-Wave Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hollow Core Fiber Optics for Mid-Wave and Long-Wave Infrared Spectroscopy Jason M. Kriesel and testing of hollow core glass waveguides (i.e., fiber optics) for use in Mid-Wave Infrared (MWIR) and Long related applications, and fiber optics are a key enabling technology needed to improve the utility

97

CPU/GPU computing for long-wave radiation physics on large GPU clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geoscience simulations rely heavily on high performance computing (HPC) systems. To date, many CPU/GPU heterogeneous HPC systems have been established on which many geoscience simulations have been performed. For most of these simulations on GPU clusters, ... Keywords: CPU/GPU computing, Long-wave radiation, MPI+OpenMP/CUDA, Tianhe-1A supercomputer, Workload distribution

Fengshun Lu; Junqiang Song; Xiaoqun Cao; Xiaoqian Zhu

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Clear-Sky Longwave Irradiance at the Earth’s Surface—Evaluation of Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation of the clear-sky longwave irradiance at the earth’s surface (LI) simulated in climate models and in satellite-based global datasets is presented. Algorithm-based estimates of LI, derived from global observations of column water ...

J. R. Garratt

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Net Trans - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Net Trans ... RESERVE A CLASSIFIED · SUBSCRIPTIONS ... "Italia Online Offers Convenient USENET Access" (Net Trans), J.J. Robinson, March 1998, p. 11.

100

Broad-band beam buncher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broad-band beam buncher is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-band response and the device as a whole designed to effect broad-band beam coupling, so as to minimize variations of the output across the response band.

Goldberg, David A. (Walnut Creek, CA); Flood, William S. (Berkeley, CA); Arthur, Allan A. (Martinez, CA); Voelker, Ferdinand (Orinda, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broadband light-emitting diode. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3-2 .mu.m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft.

Fritz, Ian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Klem, John F. (Sandia Park, NM); Hafich, Michael J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broadband light-emitting diode is disclosed. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3--2 {micro}m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-divisionmultiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft. 10 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Klem, J.F.; Hafich, M.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

VillageNet: A low-cost, IEEE 802.11-based mesh network for connecting rural areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VillageNet is a new wireless mesh networking technology that provides low-cost broadband Internet access for wide regions. It targets the rural market around the world, where large populations live but paying capacities are low. VillageNet offers a low-cost, ...

Partha Dutta; Sharad Jaiswal; Rajeev Rastogi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

First Estimates of the Diurnal Variation of Longwave Radiation from the Multiple-Satellite Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First results for diurnal cycles derived from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) are presented for the combined Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) and NOAA-9 spacecraft for April 1985. Regional scale longwave (LW) radiation data ...

Edwin F. Harrison; David R. Brooks; Patrick Minnis; Bruce A. Wielicki; W. Frank Staylor; Gary G. Gibson; David F. Young; Frederick M. Denn

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Intraseasonal (30–60 Day) Fluctuations of Outgoing Longwave Radiation and 250 mb Streamfunction during Northern Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ten years of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and 250 mb circulation data are used in a statistical study which concentrates on 28–72 day fluctuations during Northern Hemisphere winter. The results of spectral and cross-spectral analyses show ...

Klaus M. Weickmann; Glenn R. Lussky; John E. Kutzbach

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Satellite-based reconstruction of the tropical oceanic clear sky outgoing longwave radiation and comparison with climate models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The changes of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) in clear-sky conditions have been calculated using High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) observations from 1979 to 2004. After applying corrections for satellite orbital drift and ...

Guillaume Gastineau; Brian J. Soden; Darren L. Jackson; Chris W. O’Dell

107

Comparison of Spectrally Resolved Outgoing Longwave Radiation over the Tropical Pacific between 1970 and 2003 Using IRIS, IMG, and AIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observation of changes in the earth’s spectrally resolved outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) provides a direct method of determining changes in the radiative forcing of the climate system. An earlier study showed that satellite-observed ...

J. A. Griggs; J. E. Harries

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Observational Characterization of the Downward Atmospheric Longwave Radiation at the Surface in the City of São Paulo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes the seasonal and diurnal variations of downward longwave atmospheric irradiance (LW) at the surface in São Paulo, Brazil, using 5-min-averaged values of LW, air temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation observed ...

Eduardo Barbaro; Amauri P. Oliveira; Jacyra Soares; Georgia Codato; Maurício J. Ferreira; Primož Mlakar; Marija Z. Božnar; João F. Escobedo

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Short-Term Climate Variability and Atmospheric Teleconnections from Satellite-Observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation. Part I: Simultaneous Relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-inferred short-term climate variability and atmospheric teleconnections are studied using seven years (1974–81) of Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) data from NOAA polar orbiters. This study utilizes composite, partition-of-variance and ...

Ka-Ming Lau; Paul H. Chan

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Short-Term Climate Variability and Atmospheric Teleconnections from Satellite-Observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation. Part II: Lagged Correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a sequel to Part I of this study, lagged relationships in atmospheric teleconnections associated with outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) are investigated using Lagged Cross Correlations (LCC). The feasibility of extratropical seasonal-to-...

Ka-Ming Lau; Paul H. Chan

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Ten-year Monthly Data Set of Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Nimbus-6 and Nimbus-7 Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) measurements in the form of global contour maps and coefficients of spherical-harmonic functions for each month of the 10-year period July 1975 through October 1985 have recently been completed. One ...

T. Dale Bess; G. Louis Smith; Thomas P. Charlock

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Spectral Longwave Emission in the Tropics: FTIR Measurement at the Sea Surface and Comparison with Fast Radiation Codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Longwave emission by the tropical western Pacific atmosphere has been measured at the ocean surface by a Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroradiometer deployed aboard the research vessel John Vickers as part of the Central Equatorial ...

Dan Lubin; David Cutchin; William Conant; Hartmut Grassl; Ulrich Schmid; Werner Biselli

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Comparison of the Highly Reflective Cloud and Outgoing Longwave Radiation Datasets for Use in Estimating Tropical Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, there are two long-term satellite-derived datasets most are frequently used as indices for tropical deep convection. These are the Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) and Highly Reflective Cloud (HRC) datasets. Although both of these ...

Duane E. Waliser; Nicholas E. Graham; Catherine Gautier

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Identifying best practices for supporting broadband growth: Methodology and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for identifying best practices followed by various countries worldwide for supporting broadband growth. It also investigates and analyzes these practices using data concerning broadband penetration, access technologies, ... Keywords: Best practices, Broadband, Telecommunications policies

C. Bouras; E. Giannaka; Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Avista Utilities- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net...

116

Grid Net, Inc. Comments to DOE RFI 2010-11129  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net, Inc. Comments to DOE RFI 2010-11129 2010 Net, Inc. Comments to DOE RFI 2010-11129 2010 DOE RFI 2010-11129 NBP RFI: Communications Requirements Titled "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy" Submitted by Grid Net, Inc. July 12, 2010 Attention: Maureen C. McLaughlin, Senior Legal Advisor to the General Counsel Grid Net, Inc. Comments to DOE RFI 2010-11129 2010 Summary and Highlights Thank you for the opportunity to provide comments for the Department of Energy RFI 2010-11129, our detailed responses to your questions are below for your consideration. The key points we'd like to get

117

Net Zero Energy Communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Indianapolis, IN Transportation CO2 Per Acre Transportation CO2 Per Household Net Zero Energy Communities Page 18. Housing ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

118

NIST Net usage instructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. How to use the emulation package. Before running NIST Net, the kernel emulator module must be installed through ...

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

Factors determining municipal broadband strategies across Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognizing that high-speed broadband connectivity emerges as a key element for growth, city authorities engage in fiber access deployments to empower their local communities in the digital economy. Currently, a growing number of municipal fiber projects ... Keywords: Broadband, Europe, Infrastructure development, Municipal strategies

Costas Troulos; Vasilis Maglaris

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Implementing the National Broadband Plan by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Net metering programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a recent surge of interest from the renewable energy industry and environmental groups in net metering. The reason for this interest is that net metering is a simple, low-cost, and easily administered method to encourage direct customer investment in renewable energy technologies. The renewable energy industry supports net metering because it removes an economic disincentive for potential customers by increasing the value of the electricity generated by renewable energy technologies. Environmental groups support net metering because it promotes clean energy production. The concept of net metering programs is to allow the electric meters of customers with generating facilities to turn backwards when their generators are producing more energy than the customers` demand. Net metering allows customers to use their generation to offset their consumption over the entire billing period, not just instantaneously. This offset would enable customers with generating facilities to receive retail prices for more of the electricity they generate. Without a net metering program, utilities usually install a second meter to measure any electricity that flows back to the utility grid and purchase it at a rate that is much lower than the retail prices. There are various net metering programs in the country. Most are available to customer-owned small generating facilities only, some further restrict the eligibility to renewable energy technologies. This Topical Issues Brief discusses how these net metering programs have been implemented by different utilities an states, what the rationales are behind may net metering programs, and what the potential impact of net metering may be on the deployment of renewable energy technologies.

Wan, Y H

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A 20-year data set of surface longwave fluxes in the Arctic  

SciTech Connect

Creation of 20-year data set of surface infrared fluxes from satellite measurements. A reliable estimate of the surface downwelling longwave radiation flux (DLF) is a glaring void in available forcing data sets for models of Arctic sea ice and ocean circulation. We have developed a new method to estimate the DLF from a combination of satellite sounder retrievals and brightness temperatures from the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), which has flown on NOAA polar-orbiting satellites continuously since late 1979. The overarching goal of this project was to generate a 20-year data set of surface downwelling longwave flux measurements from TOVS data over the Arctic Ocean. Daily gridded fields of DLF were produced with a spatial resolution of (100 km){sup 2} north of 60{sup o}N for 22.5 years rather than only 20. Surface measurements from the field station at Barrow, AK--part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program --and from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) were used to validate the satellite-derived fluxes and develop algorithm improvements for conditions that had resulted in systematic errors in early versions of the algorithm. The resulting data set has already been sent to two other investigators for incorporation into their research, and we will soon complete preparations to send the products to the National Snow and Ice Data Center and ARM data archive, where it can be disseminated to the scientific community.

Jennifer Francis

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Postcards from the Net  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Postcards from the Net is a travel book like no other. Fast and funny, it's a thirty-countries-in-thirty-days travel through the weird, wired and wonderful parallel universe of the World Wide Web. Postcards from the Net is not the ...

Jon Casimir

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Objective Bayesian nets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a formalism that combines two methodologies: objective Bayesianism and Bayesian nets. According to objective Bayesianism, an agent’s degrees of belief (i) ought to satisfy the axioms of probability, (ii) ought to satisfy constraints imposed by background knowledge, and (iii) should otherwise be as non-committal as possible (i.e. have maximum entropy). Bayesian nets offer an efficient way of representing and updating probability functions. An objective Bayesian net is a Bayesian net representation of the maximum entropy probability function. I show how objective Bayesian nets can be constructed, updated and combined, and how they can deal with cases in which the agent’s background knowledge includes knowledge of qualitative influence relationships, e.g. causal influences. I then sketch a number of applications of the resulting formalism, showing how it can shed light on probability logic, causal modelling, logical reasoning, semantic reasoning, argumentation

Jon Williamson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

El Niño and Outgoing Longwave Radiation: Observations from Nimbus-7 ERB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five years of broad-band earth radiation budget measurements taken by the Nimbus-7 ERB experiment have been archived. This period encompasses the 1982/83 El Niño/Southern Oscillation event, which reached a peak near the beginning of the fifth ...

Philip E. Ardanuy; H. Lee Kyle

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering June 25, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the services provided by utility net metering and their importance in making projects...

127

The climatological record of clear-sky longwave radiation at the Earth's surface: evidence for water vapour feedback?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An increase in global surface temperature of between 1.4 K and 5.8 K is expected to occur by 2100 due to a doubling of the global concentration of CO2. Associated with this predicted surface warming will be an increase in the downwards longwave ...

F. Prata

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Net Primary Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 study sites, plus a worldwide data set, have been added to the global terrestrial Net Primary Production (NPP) reference database. The NPP database has been compiled by Dick...

129

QuarkNet Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Workforce Centers at 53 universities and labs 18 HEP experiments 475 high schools in 28 states 60 ,000 students per year The focus of QuarkNet is to involve teachers...

130

American Samoa- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA), a government-owned electric utility, is the only power provider in this U.S. territory of almost 70,000 people. ASPA's "Interconnection and Net Energy...

131

QuarkNet Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beginning its 17th year, QuarkNet involves about 100,000 students from 500+ US high schools with opportunities to: Analyze real data online. Collaborate with students worldwide....

132

Ashland Electric- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In 1996, Ashland adopted a net-metering program that includes simple interconnection guidelines. The program encourages the adoption of renewable-energy systems by committing the city to purchase,...

133

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Net Metering Provider Department of Public Utilities In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric cooperatives in Massachusetts.) Class I, Class II, Class III net metering facilities In Massachusetts, there are several categories of net-metering facilities.

134

From String Nets to Nonabelions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Les Houches 1988, Fields, Strings and Critical Phenomena.take: ?rst, cut the degrees of freedom to string nets, thenmake the string nets ?uctuate appropriately to gain isotopy

Fidkowski, Lukasz; Freedman, Michael; Nayak, Chetan; Walker, Kevin; Wang, Zhenghan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Multi-Dimensional Effects in Longwave Radiative Forcing of PBL Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-Dimensional Effects in Longwave Radiative Forcing of PBL Clouds D. B. Mechem and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma M. Ovtchinnikov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington K. F. Evans University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado A. B. Davis Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico R. F. Cahalan National Aeronautic and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland E. E. Takara and R. G. Ellingson Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida 1. Introduction Numerical cloud models nearly universally employ one-dimensional (1D) treatments of radiative transfer (RT). Radiative transfer is typically implemented as a 2- or 4-stream approximation to the

136

Narrowband to Broadband Conversion with Spatially Autocorrelated Reflectance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating broadband reflectance from Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) narrowband reflectances in channel 1 and 2 is developed. The data used are simultaneous and coincident narrowband and broadband ...

Zhanqing Li; H. G. Leighton

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Municipal wireless mesh networks as a competitive broadband delivery platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently there has been a growing interest in deploying Wireless Mesh Networks by municipalities. This interest stems from the desire to provide broadband connectivity to users lacking access to broadband alternatives. The ...

Hassan-Ali, Mudhafar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A numerical approach : broadband technologies for efficient Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) independent receiver coils in parallel or time-axis compression, can be cast as complementary to broadband MRI encoding. This affords broadband non-Fourier MRI with time efficiencies over current fast MRI methods. ...

Mitsouras, Dimitrios, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

We the people and the right to broadband  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The push for universal broadband to rural America could be this century's stab at rural electrification and phone service.

Laurie Rowell

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Broadband municipal optical networks in Greece: A suitable business model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a business model for the optimal exploitation of the currently developing broadband metropolitan area networks in Greece. Having recorded and examined relevant international practices, we describe in detail the way that these networks ... Keywords: Broadband infrastructure, Broadband networks business models, Dark fibre, Municipal networks

Christos Bouras; Apostolos Gkamas; John Papagiannopoulos; George Theophilopoulos; Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Multilevel governance and broadband infrastructure development: Evidence from Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the contributions of digital infrastructure policies of provincial governments in Canada to the development of broadband networks. Using measurements of broadband network speeds between 2007 and 2011, the paper analyzes potential ... Keywords: Broadband networks, Essential facilities, Federalism, Telecommunications policy

Reza Rajabiun, Catherine A. Middleton

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Pricing and Security of ResidentialPricing and Security of Residential Broadband AccessBroadband Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Department of Electrical Engineering Pennsylvania State University kesidis@engr.psu.edu Carlos Kirjner McKinsey and Company, New York Carlos_Kirjner@Mckinsey.com #12;2 OutlineOutline Growth in residential broadband access

Yener, Aylin

143

A broadband folded Gilbert cell CMOS mixer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A folded Gilbert cell mixer was implemented in 0.13 ?m complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. The downconversion mixer is designed for 5---6 GHz radio frequency (RF) band and an intermediate frequency (IF) of 500 MHz. A voltage ... Keywords: Broadband, CMOS, Folded Gilbert cell, Low power, Mobile communications

Marko Krcmar; Georg Boeck

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Broadband Multimedia Information Service for European Parliaments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a distributed broadband multimedia information service that is realised within the project EPRI-COM that is supported by the European Union within the ACTS program. The primary idea of the EPRI-COM information service is to provide ... Keywords: Multimedia on the Internet, Digital Libraries, Network and resource management

Karsten Morisse; Francisco Cortes; Reinhard Lüling

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Broadband ML estimation under model order uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of signals hidden in data plays a crucial role in array processing. When this information is not available, conventional approaches apply information theoretic criteria or multiple hypothesis tests to simultaneously estimate model order and ... Keywords: Broadband signals, Direction of arrival, Maximum likelihood estimation, Overparameterized models, Unknown number of signals

Pei-Jung Chung; Mats Viberg; Christoph F. Mecklenbräuker

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Arkansas Economic Development Commission In April 2001, Arkansas enacted legislation (HB 2325) directing the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering rules for certain renewable-energy systems.* The PSC approved final rules for net metering in July 2002. Subsequent legislation enacted in April 2007 (HB 2334) expanded the availability of net metering; increased the capacity

147

In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements The American Public Power Association ("APPA") appreciates this opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy ("the Department" or "DOE") regarding its Request for Information ("RFI") on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy. In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements More Documents & Publications Communications Requirements of Smart Grid Technologies RE: NBP RFI: Communications Requirements

148

A Field Intercomparison Technique to Improve the Relative Accuracy of Longwave Radiation Measurements and an Evaluation of CASES-99 Pyrgeometer Data Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Techniques for improving the relative accuracy of longwave radiation measurements by a set of pyrgeometers [the Eppley Laboratory Precision Infrared Radiometer (Model PIR)] are presented using 10 PIRs from the 1999 Cooperative Atmosphere–Surface ...

S. P. Burns; J. Sun; A. C. Delany; S. R. Semmer; S. P. Oncley; T. W. Horst

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Sensitivity of the Outgoing Longwave Radiation to Surface Temperature: Modeling the Opacity Feedback and Experiments with a Variable Cloud-Top Temperature Provision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient longwave scheme for climate models originally suggested by Sasamori is modified to correctly simulate the water vapor-temperature feedback mechanism. It is found that the modified scheme with a fixed cloud-top altitude (FCA) ...

Binyamin U. Neeman; Joachim H. Joseph; George Ohring

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Temperature–Moisture Biases in ECMWF Analyses Based on Clear Sky Longwave Simulations Constrained by SSMI and MSU Measurements and Comparisons to ERBE Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clear sky longwave radiation fluxes for the summer of 1988 and winter of 1989 have been simulated with a radiative transfer model that includes detailed treatment of atmospheric gas absorption. The input data to the model are humidity and ...

Byung-Ju Sohn

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A study of longwave radiation codes for climate studies: Validation with ARM observations and tests in general circulation models. Final report, September 15, 1990--October 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

DOE has launched a major initiative -- the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Program -- directed at improving the parameterization of the physics governing cloud and radiative processes in general circulation models (GCMs). One specific goal of ARM is to improve the treatment of radiative transfer in GCMs under clear-sky, general overcast and broken cloud conditions. In 1990, the authors proposed to contribute to this goal by attacking major problems connected with one of the dominant radiation components of the problem -- longwave radiation. In particular, their long-term research goals are to: develop an optimum longwave radiation model for use in GCMs that has been calibrated with state-of-the-art observations, assess the impact of the longwave radiative forcing in a GCM, determine the sensitivity of a GCM to the radiative model used in it, and determine how the longwave radiative forcing contributes relatively when compared to shortwave radiative forcing, sensible heating, thermal advection and expansion.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

A Systematic Study of Longwave Radiative Heating and Cooling within Valleys and Basins Using a Three-Dimensional Radiative Transfer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo code for the physically correct tracing of photons in cloudy atmospheres (MYSTIC) three-dimensional radiative transfer model was used in a parametric study to determine the strength of longwave radiative heating and cooling in ...

Sebastian W. Hoch; C. David Whiteman; Bernhard Mayer

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Effects of the Choice of Meteorological Data on a Radiation Model Simulation of the NOAA Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Satellite Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technique used by NOAA to estimate the outgoing longwave flux from 10 ?m window radiance observations has been reexamined because the data that result from the application of the empirically determined regression equation are systematically ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Temporal Variations of Satellite-Observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation over the Winter Monsoon Region. Part II: Short-Period (4–6 Day) Oscillations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical orthogonal function analysis was applied to outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) data over three limited regions during the three winters of 1974–75, 1975–76 and 1976–77. Regional composite maps were constructed by truncating the ...

Takio Murakami

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Short-Term Basin-Scale Streamflow Forecasting Using Large-Scale Coupled Atmospheric–Oceanic Circulation and Local Outgoing Longwave Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the use of large-scale circulation patterns (El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the equatorial Indian Ocean Oscillation), local outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), and previous streamflow information for short-term (weekly) ...

Rajib Maity; S. S. Kashid

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Using Narrow and Wide Field of View Instruments to Evaluate Longwave Parameterizations for Fair Weather Cumulus Cloud Fields  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Narrow and Wide Field of View Instruments to Using Narrow and Wide Field of View Instruments to Evaluate Longwave Parameterizations for Fair Weather Cumulus Cloud Fields E. E. Takara and R. G. Ellingson Department of Meteorology Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida Introduction Full blown three-dimensional (3D) radiation calculations for broken cloud fields consume too much time and computing resources to be included in climate models. The 3D effects can be approximated by effective cloud fractions which reduce the three-dimensional calculation to an average of plane parallel solutions - a much easier problem. For broken cloud conditions, the longwave flux (F) can be written as the weighted average of clear and overcast fluxes: overcast e clear e F N )F N 1 ( F (1) F clear is the clear-sky flux; the flux that would occur if the broken cloud field was removed. F

157

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Net Metering Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission Net metering is available to all "qualifying facilities" (QFs), as defined by the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)*, which pertains to systems up to 80 megawatts (MW) in capacity. Previously, net metering in New Mexico was limited to systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Net-metered customers are credited or paid for any monthly net excess generation (NEG) at the utility's avoided-cost rate. If a customer has net

158

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Net Metering Provider Washington State University Washington's net-metering law applies to systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, biogas from animal waste, or combined heat and power technologies (including fuel cells). All customer classes are eligible, and all utilities -- including municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net metering.

159

Magnetic Materials for Broadband Transmission Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author’s series of articles on broadband transmission line transformers (TLTs) concludes with these notes on magnetic materials and the properties that are important for best performance Ferrite and iron powder magnetic materials were developed to support a wide range of components, including inductors, EMI suppressors, conventional transformers and transmission line transformers (TLTs). This article deals with transmission line transformers, presenting the observations and conclusions of the author, reached after extensive experimental research into the behavior and performance of these devices in broadband applications. Figure 1 · The three transformers used in comparing the performance of the autotransformer and the transmission line transformer. At the top left is an autotransformer; at the top right is the transmission line transformer, while at the bottom is a transmission line transformer without a ferrite core. All transformers had a total of 10 turns.

Jerry Sevick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Net Metering Provider Vermont Department of Public Service NOTE: Legislation enacted in May 2012 (HB475) further amends Vermont's net metering policy. Vermont's original net-metering legislation was enacted in 1998, and the law has been expanded several times subsequently. Any electric customer in Vermont may net meter after obtaining a Certificate of Public Good from the Vermont Public Service Board (PSB). Solar net metered systems 10 kilowatts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Sample QuarkNet Proposal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department Address: Florida State University Keen Building, City, State: Tallahassee, FL Zip: 32306-4350 Local QuarkNet Leader(s): Local QuarkNet Participants are: Susan Blessing,...

162

Green Power Network: Net Metering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

As of November, 2010, net metering was offered in 43 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico (see map of state net metering rules from DSIRE). For a more detailed...

163

QuarkNet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

QuarkNet: The science connection you've been waiting for! QuarkNet: The science connection you've been waiting for! The Opportunity: "Your program rejuvenates my soul. It connects me with a cadre of intelligent and excited educators. It reinvigorates my teaching and provides me avenues to extend and enliven the projects that I can offer my students. Without the Quarknet program I am sure that I would have left teaching years ago." The Players: High school students, teachers and physicsts working together on physics research projects exploring the hidden nature of matter, energy, space and time. The Questions: What are the origins of mass? Can the basic forces of nature be unified? How did the universe begin? How will it evolve? LHC & Fermilab Links For Teachers For Students CERN Homepage ATLAS Experiment

164

Net Primary Production (NPP) Project Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RegionalGlobal > Net Primary Production (NPP) Net Primary Production (NPP) Project Overview The ORNL DAAC Net Primary Production (NPP) data set collection contains field...

165

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Net Metering Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) requires the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Duke Energy, Progress Energy and Dominion North Carolina Power -- to make net metering available to customers that own and operate systems that generate electricity using solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, ocean or wave energy, biomass resources, combined heat and

166

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Net Metering Provider Missouri Public Service Commission Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 (S.B. 54)* requiring all electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to customers with systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using wind energy, solar-thermal energy, hydroelectric energy, photovoltaics (PV), fuel cells

167

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Net Metering Provider Maryland Public Service Commission Note: The program web site listed above links to the Maryland Public Service Commission's Net Metering Working Group page, which contains a variety of information resources related to the ongoing implementation of net metering in Maryland, such as meeting agendas, minutes, and draft utility tariffs.

168

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Net Metering Provider DC Public Service Commission In the District of Columbia (DC), net metering is currently available to residential and commercial customer-generators with systems powered by renewable-energy sources, combined heat and power (CHP), fuel cells and microturbines, with a maximum capacity of 1 megawatt (MW). The term "renewable energy sources" is defined as solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric power and digester gas. In October 2008, the Clean

169

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Net Metering Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire requires all utilities selling electricity in the state to offer net metering to customers who own or operate systems up to one megawatt (1 MW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, tidal, wave, biomass, landfill gas, bio-oil or

170

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Net Metering Provider Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy '''''Note: In March 2011, Virginia enacted HB 1983, which increased the residential net-metering limit to 20 kW. However, residential facilities with a capacity of greater than 10 kW must pay a monthly standby charge. The Virginia State Corporation Commission approved standby charges for transmissions and distribution components as proposed by Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion Virginia Power) on November 3, 2011.'''''

171

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Net Metering Provider West Virginia Public Service Commission Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following table. Customer Type IOUs with 30,000 customers or more IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities, electric cooperatives

172

Broadband over Power Lines (BPL): FCC Emissions Compliance Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadband over power lines (BPL, a.k.a. broadband PLC) has been heralded as an opportunity for electric companies to enhance internal communication and control while delivering broadband service to areas where existing services are unavailable. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has published new regulations limiting radio frequency (RF) emissions from BPL equipment. This EPRI Technical Update provides an overview of the "FCC Report & Order 04-245" on BPL and gives guidance and details on the te...

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

173

A survey on emerging broadband wireless access technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless broadband technologies provide ubiquitous broadband access to wireless users, enabling services that were available only to wireline users. In this paper, we summarize emerging wireless broadband access technologies, ranging from WLANs to satellite ... Keywords: HAPs, HiperACCESS, HiperLAN, HiperMAN, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.16, IEEE 802.20, IEEE 802.22, Satellite, WLAN, WMAN, WWAN, WiBro, WiFi, WiMAX

Mehmet S. Kuran; Tuna Tugcu

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State New York Program Type Net Metering Provider New York State Department of Public Service Note: In October 2012 the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order directing Central Hudson Gas and Electric to file net metering tariff revisions tripling the aggregate net metering cap for most systems from 1% of 2005 peak demand (12 MW) to 3% of 2005 peak demand (36 MW). The PSC issued another order in June 2013 to raise the aggregate net metering cap

175

NetCDF at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NetCDF NetCDF NetCDF Description and Overview NetCDF (Network Common Data Form) is a set of software libraries and machine-independent data formats that support the creation, access, and sharing of array-oriented scientific data. This includes the libnetcdf.a library as well as the NetCDF Operators (NCO), Climate Data Operators (CDO), NCCMP, and NCVIEW packages. Files written with previous versions can be read or written with the current version. Using NetCDF on Cray System There are separate NetCDF installations provided by Cray and by NERSC. On Hopper and Edison, Cray installations are recommended because they are simpler to use. To see the available Cray installations and versions use the following command: module avail cray-netcdf To see the NERSC installations and versions use the following command:

176

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Fed. Government Local Government State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Net Metering Provider Oklahoma Corporation Commission Net metering has been available in Oklahoma since 1988 under Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) Order 326195. The OCC's rules require investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives under the commission's jurisdiction* to file net-metering tariffs for customer-owned renewable-energy systems and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) facilities up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Net metering is available to all customer

177

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Ohio Program Type Net Metering Provider Ohio Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2050-EL-ORD Case 12-0250-EL-RDR]) to review the net metering rules for investor-owned utilities. Details will be posted as more information is available.''''' Ohio's net-metering law requires electric distribution utilities to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using wind energy, solar energy, biomass, landfill gas, hydropower, fuel cells or microturbines.

178

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Residential State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Net Metering Provider Hawaii Public Utilities Commission NOTE: Kauai Island Electric Cooperative's (KIUC) net metering program has reached its capacity and has implemented a Net Energy Metering Pilot Program. Hawaii's original net-metering law was enacted in 2001 and expanded in 2004 by HB 2048, which increased the eligible capacity limit of net-metered systems from 10 kilowatts (kW) to 50 kW. In 2005, the law was further amended by SB 1003, which authorized the Hawaii Public Utilities Commission

179

The Political Economies of Broadband Development in Korea and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NCA), Informatization White Paper 2004: Broadband IT Korea (FTTH was 95% (MIC, “White Paper,” 2003). 67. See Kushida, “and communications white paper 2006] (Tokyo: MIC, 2006), p.

Kushida, Kenji; Oh, Seung-Youn

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff ...  

Craig E. Deibele, Brian Link, and Vladimir V. Peplov, Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff Circuit for Remote Monitoring

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

DRAFT A New Measure of Residential Broadband Availability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The only comprehensive published indicator of residential broadband availability in the US is number of providers in each zip code, as reported by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). This measure has been widely used in academic and policy research to assess availability and to identify under-served areas, but it is acknowledged to be flawed and is often misinterpreted. This paper develops an alternative measure of residential broadband availability. Using the December 2005 FCC data and individual broadband adoption data from Forrester Research, the paper estimates a relationship between the number of providers in a zip code and the level of residential broadband availability in the zip code. Broadband availability is estimated to be 53 % in zip codes with 1-3 providers, rising to 100 % in zip codes with 14 or more providers. Aggregating these estimates at the national level implies that broadband was available to 86 % of households in December 2005. Availability was highest in southern and western metropolitan areas like Miami and San Jose. Using these estimates of availability, population density and average income both have positive and highly statistically significant effects on broadband supply. The results provide a user-friendly tool to help policymakers assess broadband availability. The estimates are also useful for future research about the effects of broadband availability.

Jed Kolko

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

requirements of utilities, including, but not limited to, the requirements of the Smart Grid in an effort to implement certain recommendations of the National Broadband...

183

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Privacy Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy The United States Telecom Association...

184

Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband...

185

Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

requirements of utilities, including, but not limited to, the requirements of the Smart Grid, in an effort to implement certain recommendations of the National Broadband...

186

Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data...

187

DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy DOE Request for Information -...

188

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

189

Atmospheric Longwave Irradiance Uncertainty: Pyrgeometers Compared to an Absolute Sky-Scanning Radiometer, Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, and Radiative Transfer Model Calculations  

SciTech Connect

Because atmospheric longwave radiation is one of the most fundamental elements of an expected climate change, there has been a strong interest in improving measurements and model calculations in recent years. Important questions are how reliable and consistent are atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations and what are the uncertainties? The First International Pyrgeometer and Absolute Sky-scanning Radiometer Comparison, which was held at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program's Souther Great Plains site in Oklahoma, answers these questions at least for midlatitude summer conditions and reflects the state of the art for atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations. The 15 participating pyrgeometers were all calibration-traced standard instruments chosen from a broad international community. Two new chopped pyrgeometers also took part in the comparison. And absolute sky-scanning radiometer (ASR), which includes a pyroelectric detector and a reference blackbody source, was used for the first time as a reference standard instrument to field calibrate pyrgeometers during clear-sky nighttime measurements. Owner-provided and uniformly determined blackbody calibration factors were compared. Remarkable improvements and higher pyrgeometer precision were achieved with field calibration factors. Results of nighttime and daytime pyrgeometer precision and absolute uncertainty are presented for eight consecutive days of measurements, during which period downward longwave irradiance varied between 260 and 420 W m-2. Comparisons between pyrgeometers and the absolute ASR, the atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer, and radiative transfer models LBLRTM and MODTRAN show a surprisingly good agreement of <2 W m-2 for nighttime atmospheric longwave irradiance measurements and calculations.

Philipona, J. R.; Dutton, Ellsworth G.; Stoffel, T.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Reda, I.; Stifter, Armin; Wendling, Peter; Wood, Norm; Clough, Shepard A.; Mlawer, Eli J.; Anderson, Gail; Revercomb, Henry E.; Shippert, Timothy R.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

190

Using a Blackbody to Calculate Net Longwave Responsivity of Shortwave Solar Pyranometers to Correct for Their Thermal Offset Error during Outdoor Calibration Using the Component Sum Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermopile pyranometers’ thermal offset has been recognized since the pyranometer’s inception. This offset is often overlooked or ignored because its magnitude is small compared to the overall solar signal at higher irradiance. With the demand of ...

I. Reda; J. Hickey; C. Long; D. Myers; T. Stoffel; S. Wilcox; J. J. Michalsky; E. G. Dutton; D. Nelson

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Concentration, incumbency, and interconnection: broadband development and the lessons of history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent investments in broadband network development, policymakers have devoted new attention and resources to the social, economic, and political questions surrounding broadband development. While progressive policy in this space necessarily depends ... Keywords: broadband, concentration, incumbency, infrastructure, interconnection, policy, telecommunications

Alissa Centivany; Steven Jackson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Broadband Afterglow of GRB980703  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present radio observations of the afterglow of the bright gamma-ray burst GRB980703 made between one day and one year after the burst. These data are combined with published late-time radio measurements and existing optical, near-infrared (NIR) and X-ray observations to create a comprehensive broadband dataset for modeling the physical parameters of the outflow. While a wind-stratified medium cannot be ruled out statistically, it requires a high fraction of the shock energy in the electrons, and so is not favored on theoretical grounds. Instead, the data are consistent with a fireball model in which the ejecta are collimated and expanding into a constant density medium. The radio data cannot be fit with an isotropic shock but instead require a jet break at ~ 3.5 days, not seen at optical wavelengths due to the presence of a a bright host galaxy. The addition of the full radio dataset constrains the self-absorption frequency, giving an estimate of the circumburst density of n ~ 30 cm^-3, a value which differs substantially from previous estimates. This result is consistent with the growing number of GRB afterglows for which broadband modeling yields n ~= 0.1-100 cm^-3, with a typical value ~ 10 cm^-3.

D. A. Frail; S. A. Yost; E. Berger; F. A. Harrison; R. Sari; S. R. Kulkarni; G. B. Taylor; J. S. Bloom; D. W. Fox; G. H. Moriarty-Schieven; P. A. Price

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

193

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Net Metering Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce '''''Note: H.F. 729, enacted in May 2013, includes many changes to Minnesota's net metering law. These changes are described above, but most will not take effect until rules are implemented at the PUC. The below summary reflects the current rules.''''' Minnesota's net-metering law, enacted in 1983, applies to all investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. All "qualifying facilities" less than 40 kilowatts (kW) in capacity are

194

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Net Metering Provider Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission Note: In March 2012 the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission (PUC) issued a Final Order (Docket M-2011-2249441) approving the use of third-party ownership models (i.e., system leases or retail power purchase agreements) in conjunction with net metering. The Order allows these types of arrangements for net metered systems, subject to a restriction that the

195

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Net Metering Provider Iowa Utilities Board Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ''et seq.'' Iowa's net-metering subrule, adopted by the IUB in July 1984, applies to customers that generate electricity using alternate energy production facilities (AEPs). Net metering is available to all customer classes of Iowa's two investor-owned utilities -- MidAmerican Energy and Interstate Power and

196

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Illinois Program Type Net Metering Provider Illinois Commerce Commission '''''NOTE: Legislation enacted in 2011 and 2012 (S.B. 1652, H.B. 3036, and S.B. 3811) has changed several aspects of net metering in Illinois. For customers in competitive classes as of July 1, 2011, the law prescribes a dual metering and bill crediting system which does not meet the definition of net metering as the term is generally defined. Click here for information regarding competitive classes, and

197

Proposed high speed packet switch for broadband integrated networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of a high speed, broadband packet switch with two priority levels for application in integrated voice/data networks is presented. The packet switch can efficiently cope with 128 byte packets converging on it from eight 140 Mbit/s dynamic time ... Keywords: backbone network, broadband integrated services digital networks, high speed packet switch, voice/data integration

Krishna Thilakam; Ashok Jhunjhunwala

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Net Metering Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission '''''Note: Ongoing proceedings related to net metering can be found in Docket R-31417.''''' Louisiana enacted legislation in June 2003 establishing net metering. Modeled on Arkansas's law, Louisiana's law requires investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal or biomass resources. Fuel cells and microturbines that generate electricity entirely derived from renewable resources are

199

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Net Metering Provider Public Utilities Regulatory Authority Connecticut's two investor-owned utilities -- Connecticut Light and Power Company (CL&P) and United Illuminating Company (UI) -- are required to provide net metering to customers that generate electricity using "Class I" renewable-energy resources, which include solar, wind, landfill gas, fuel

200

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Net Metering Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation that expanded its net metering law by requiring utilities to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity with photovoltaic (PV), wind, biomass, biogas or hydroelectric systems up to 30 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. The Kentucky Public Service Commission (PSC) issued rules on January 8, 2009. Utilities had 90 days from that date to file tariffs that include all terms and conditions of their net metering programs, including interconnection.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Road to Net Zero (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

Glover, B.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Net Metering (New Brunswick, Canada)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The NB Power Net Metering program provides customers with the option to connect their own environmentally sustainable generation unit to NB Power's distribution system. The program allows customers...

203

OpenEI - net generation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm610 en Electricity Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - 2008 http:en.openei.org...

204

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Type Net Metering Provider Georgia Public Service Commission The Georgia Cogeneration and Distributed Generation Act of 2001 requires all utilities -- investor-owned...

205

Microsoft Word - Broadband Over Power Lines_FINAL.06.01.10.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Broadband over Powerlines Can Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid May 25, 2010 DOENETL-20101418 Broadband Over Power Lines Could Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid...

206

A study of longwave radiation codes for climate studies: Validation with ARM observations and tests in general circulation models  

SciTech Connect

Research by the US Department of Energy (DOE) has shown that cloud radiative feedback is the single most important effect determining the magnitude of possible climatic responses to human activity. However, these effects are still not known at the levels needed for climate prediction. Consequently, DOE has launched a major initiative-- the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Program -- directed at improving the parameterization of the physics governing cloud and radiative processes in general circulation models (GCM's). One specific goal of ARM is to improve the treatment of radiative transfer in GCM's under clear-sky, general overcast and broken cloud conditions. Our approach to developing the radiation model will be to test existing models in an iterative, predictive fashion. We will supply the Clouds and Radiative Testbed (CART) with a set of models to be compared with operationally observed data. The differences we find will lead to the development of new models to be tested with new data. Similarly, our GCM studies will use existing GCM's to study the radiation sensitivity problem. We anticipate that the outcome of this approach will provide both a better longwave radiative forcing algorithm and a better understanding of how longwave radiative forcing influences the equilibrium climate of the atmosphere.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purchasing rates for net metering, inter?tie fees, variable to the grid, including net metering, time of use pricing, purchasing rates for net metering, intertie fees, peak 

Al-Beaini, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downwelling irradiance downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance The total diffuse and direct radiant energy that comes from some continuous range of directions, at wavelengths between 0.4 and 4 {mu}m, that is being emitted downwards. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component BSRN : Baseline Solar Radiation Network

209

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

normal irradiance normal irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in broad bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4{mu}m, that comes directly from the Sun without being scattered or absorbed in the atmosphere, passes through a unit area perpendicular to the direction from the Sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

210

Broadband phase-preserved optical elevator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase-preserved optical elevator is an optical device to lift up an entire plane virtually without distortion in light path or phase. Using transformation optics, we have predicted and observed the realization of such a broadband phase-preserved optical elevator, made of a natural homogeneous birefringent crystal without resorting to absorptive and narrowband metamaterials involving time-consuming nano-fabrication. In our demonstration, the optical elevator is designed to lift a sheet upwards, and the phase is verified to be preserved always. The camouflage capability is also demonstrated in the presence of adjacent objects of the same scale at will. The elevating device functions in different surrounding media over the wavelength range of 400-700 nm. Our work opens up prospects for studies of light trapping, solar energy, illusion optics, communication, and imaging.

Yuan Luo; Tiancheng Han; Baile Zhang; Cheng-Wei Qiu; George Barbastathis

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband diffuse downwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diffuse downwelling irradiance diffuse downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband diffuse downwelling irradiance All of the solar radiation, across the wavelength range of 0.4 and 4 {mu}m, coming directly from the sky except for solar radiation coming directly from the sun and the circumsolar irradiance within approximately three degrees of the sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

212

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Net Metering Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's net-metering rules apply to all residential, commercial and industrial customers of the state's investor-owned utilities and energy suppliers (and certain competitive municipal utilities and electric cooperatives). Systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, wave, tidal, landfill gas or sustainable biomass resources, including fuel cells (all "Class I" technologies under the state RPS), are

213

net generation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

net generation net generation Dataset Summary Description Provides annual net electricity generation (thousand kilowatt-hours) from renewable energy in the United States by energy use sector (commercial, industrial, electric power) and by energy source (e.g. biomas, solar thermal/pv). Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2004 2008 Electricity net generation renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2008_RE.net_.generation_EIA.Aug_.2010.xls (xls, 16.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2004 - 2008 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

214

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Net Metering Provider Michigan Public Service Commission '''''The MPSC is reviewing state interconnection and net metering policies in [http://efile.mpsc.state.mi.us/efile/viewcase.php?casenum=15919&submit.x=... Case U-15919].''''' In October 2008, Michigan enacted legislation (P.A. 295) requiring the Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish a statewide net metering program for renewable-energy systems within 180 days. On May 26, 2009 the Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order formally

215

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Net Metering Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission [http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2009a/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/571064D8... Senate Bill 51] of April 2009 made several changes, effective September 1, 2009, to the state's net metering rules for investor-owned utilities, as they apply to solar-electric systems. These changes include converting the maximum system size for solar-electric systems from two megawatts (MW) to 120% of the annual consumption of the site; redefining a site to include

216

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State California Program Type Net Metering Provider California Public Utilities Commission California's net-metering law originally took effect in 1996 and applies to all utilities with one exception*. The law has been amended numerous times since its enactment, most recently by AB 327 of 2013. '''Eligible Technologies''' The original law applied to wind-energy systems, solar-electric systems and hybrid (wind/solar) systems. In September 2002, legislation (AB 2228)

217

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes Title Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number...

218

Analyzing the effect of the longwave emissivity and solar reflectance of building envelopes on energy-saving in buildings in various climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic computer simulation is carried out in the climates of 35 cities distributed around the world. The variation of the annual air-conditioning energy loads due to changes in the longwave emissivity and the solar reflectance of the building envelopes is studied to find the most appropriate exterior building finishes in various climates (including a tropical climate, a subtropical climate, a mountain plateau climate, a frigid-temperate climate and a temperate climate). Both the longwave emissivity and the solar reflectance are set from 0.1 to 0.9 with an interval of 0.1 in the simulation. The annual air-conditioning energy loads trends of each city are listed in a chart. The results show that both the longwave emissivity and the solar reflectance of building envelopes play significant roles in energy-saving for buildings. In tropical climates, the optical parameters of the building exterior surface affect the building energy-saving most significantly. In the mountain plateau climates and the subarctic climates, the impacts on energy-saving in buildings due to changes in the longwave emissivity and the solar reflectance are still considerable, but in the temperate continental climates and the temperate maritime climates, only limited effects are seen. (author)

Shi, Zhiyang; Zhang, Xiong [Key Laboratory of Advanced Civil Engineering Materials of Education Ministry, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Active QuarkNet Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Active QuarkNet Centers Active QuarkNet Centers       QuarkNet Home - Information - Calendar - Contacts - Projects - Forms: EoI - Teachers Centers on a Google Map @ the PTEC website Mentor List Sorted by: Last Name Institution Name First Year in Program Argonne National Laboratory - On sabbatical Black Hills State University Brown, Northeastern & Brandeis Universities Brookhaven National Laboratory, Columbia & Stony Brook Universities Chicago State University Colorado State University Fermilab & University of Chicago Florida Institute of Technology Florida International University Florida State University Hampton, George Mason, William & Mary Universities Idaho State University Indiana University - On sabbatical Johns Hopkins University

220

ARM - Evaluation Product - Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsBroadband Heating Rate Profile Project ProductsBroadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) 2000.03.01 - 2006.02.28 Site(s) SGP General Description The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Empirical Studies of Tropospheric Transmission in the Ultraviolet: Broadband Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work examines the effects of absorption and scattering in the troposphere on solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the ground. A site was established in the city of Chicago for monitoring broadband ultraviolet irradiance, total sunlight, and ...

John E. Frederick; Anne E. Koob; Amy D. Alberts; Elizabeth C. Weatherhead

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Parameterization of Broadband Conversion Factors for METEOSAT Visible Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conversion of radiances measured by the METEOSAT visible channel into broadband radiances can be performed as long as the appropriate conversion factors are known. A simple model allowing a spectral description of the optical properties of ...

J. Stum; B. Pinty; D. Ramond

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Solar Radiation Absorption due to Water Vapor: Advanced Broadband Parameterizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate parameterizations for calculating solar radiation absorption in the atmospheric column due to water vapor lines and continuum are proposed for use in broadband shortwave radiative transfer codes. The error in the absorption values is ...

Tatiana A. Tarasova; Boris A. Fomin

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Calibrating Broadband UV Instruments: Ozone and Solar Zenith Angle Dependence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A UV spectroradiometer was installed at Mauna Loa Observatory (MLO), Hawaii, in July 1995. This instrument has been employed to characterize several broadband UV instruments of a type commonly used to estimate erythemal irradiance at many sites ...

Barry A. Bodhaine; Ellsworth G. Dutton; Richard L. McKenzie; Paul V. Johnston

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Political Economies of Broadband Development in Korea and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

number of DSL subscriptions in Korea rose from 97,000 to 2.4Paper 2004: Broadband IT Korea (Seoul: NCA, 2004), p. 15. 7.Rate Per 100 Inhabitants Korea Japan USA OECD average

Kushida, Kenji; Oh, Seung-Youn

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Turbidity Determination from Broadband Irradiance Measurements: A Detailed Multicoefficient Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically modeled method is presented to obtain accurate turbidity determinations from broadband direct irradiance measurements. The method uses parameterizations of various extinction processes affecting the transfer of shortwave radiation in ...

Christian A. Gueymard

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Broadband Albedo Observations in the Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series of daily broadband surface albedo for 1998 and 1999 have been analyzed from six locations in the network of 22 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Solar–Infrared Radiation Stations distributed from central Kansas to central ...

Claude E. Duchon; Kenneth G. Hamm

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Net Metering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metering Metering Jump to: navigation, search For electric customers who generate their own electricity, net metering allows for the flow of electricity both to and from the customer,– typically through a single, bi-directional meter. With net metering, when a customer’'s generation exceeds the customer’'s use, the customer's electricity flows back to the grid, offsetting electricity consumed by the customer at a different time. In effect, the customer uses excess generation to offset electricity that the customer otherwise would have to purchase at the utility’'s full retail rate. Net metering is required by law in most states, but some of these laws only apply to investor-owned utilities,– not to municipal utilities or electric cooperatives. [1] Net Metering Incentives

229

Grid Net | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Net Jump to: navigation, search Name Grid Net Address 340 Brannan St Place San Francisco, California Zip 94107 Sector Efficiency Product Sells open, interoperable, policy-based network management software Website http://www.grid-net.com/ Coordinates 37.781265°, -122.393229° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.781265,"lon":-122.393229,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

230

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fuel Vehicles Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Net Metering Provider Delaware Public Service Commission In Delaware, net metering is available to any customer that generates electricity using solar, wind or hydro resources, anaerobic digesters, or fuel cells capable of being powered by renewable fuels. Grid-interactive electric vehicles are also eligible for net metering treatment for electricity that they put on the grid, although these vehicles do not themselves generate electricity. The maximum capacity of a net-metered system is 25 kilowatts (kW) for residential customers; 100 kW for farm customers on residential rates; two megawatts (MW) per meter for

231

QuarkNet - Educational Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 | Projects | Educational Materials Resources for Teachers This year's QuarkNet teachers compiled a list of files and links that can be used as classroom resources and lesson plan...

232

Symbolic Computation of Petri Nets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petri nets are receiving increasing attention from the scientific community during the last few years. They provide the users with a powerful formalism for describing and analyzing a variety of information processing systems such as finite-state machines, ...

Andres Iglesias; Sinan Kapcak

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

gas or geothermal energy. Net metering is available for residential systems up to 25 kilowatts (kW) in capacity and non-residential systems up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity....

234

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to renewable-energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity.** Net metering is available to all customers of investor-owned...

235

Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

Booth, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Valley Electric Association- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Board of Directors for Valley Electric Association (VEA) approved net metering in April 2008. The rules apply to systems up to 30 kW, though owners of larger systems may be able to negotiate...

237

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

metering. Independent systems with retail sales of less than 5,000,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) are exempt from offering net metering. Utilities that generate 100% of electricity...

238

QuarkNet Boot Camp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Memo Milestones Resources Schedule To: All QuarkNet collaborators From: Tom Jordan Date: 18 July 2011 Re: Testing and analysis of early data As you know, CMS has been...

239

National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Before the Before the Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements To: The Office of General Counsel COMMENTS OF THE AMERICAN PUBLIC POWER ASSOCIATION The American Public Power Association ("APPA") appreciates this opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy ("the Department" or "DOE") regarding its Request for Information ("RFI") on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the

240

Massachusetts Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

2012 Near Net Shape Manufacturing Workshop: Home  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2012 Near Net Shape Manufacturing Workshop April 11-13, 2012, iWireless Center, Moline, Illinois • USA. The 2012 Near Net Shape Manufacturing Workshop ...

242

OpenNet Training | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OpenNet Training OpenNet Training Enforcement Guidance Oversight Reporting Classification Classification Training Institute Official Use Only Information Unclassified Controlled...

243

Net Metering (Ontario, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering (Ontario, Canada) Net Metering (Ontario, Canada) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility StateProvincial Govt Industrial...

244

The Broadband Afterglow of GRB980703  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present radio observations of the afterglow of the bright gamma-ray burst GRB980703 made between one day and one year after the burst. These data are combined with published late-time radio measurements and existing optical, near-infrared (NIR) and X-ray observations to create a comprehensive broadband dataset for modeling the physical parameters of the outflow. While a wind-stratified medium cannot be ruled out statistically, it requires a high fraction of the shock energy in the electrons, and so is not favored on theoretical grounds. Instead, the data are consistent with a fireball model in which the ejecta are collimated and expanding into a constant density medium. The radio data cannot be fit with an isotropic shock but instead require a jet break at ~ 3.5 days, not seen at optical wavelengths due to the presence of a a bright host galaxy. The addition of the full radio dataset constrains the self-absorption frequency, giving an estimate of the circumburst density of n ~ 30 cm^-3, a value which diffe...

Frail, D A; Berger, E; Harrison, F A; Sari, R; Kulkarni, S R; Taylor, G B; Bloom, J S; Fox, D W; Moriarty-Schieven, G H; Price, P A

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy on Human Blood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric spectra of human blood reveal a rich variety of dynamic processes. Achieving a better characterization and understanding of these processes not only is of academic interest but also of high relevance for medical applications as, e.g., the determination of absorption rates of electromagnetic radiation by the human body. The dielectric properties of human blood are studied using broadband dielectric spectroscopy, systematically investigating the dependence on temperature and hematocrit value. By covering a frequency range from 1 Hz to 40 GHz, information on all the typical dispersion regions of biological matter is obtained. We find no evidence for a low-frequency relaxation (alpha-relaxation) caused, e.g., by counterion diffusion effects as reported for some types of biological matter. The analysis of a strong Maxwell-Wagner relaxation arising from the polarization of the cell membranes in the 1-100 MHz region (beta-relaxation) allows for the test of model predictions and the determination of various intrinsic cell properties. In the microwave region beyond 1 GHz, the reorientational motion of water molecules in the blood plasma leads to another relaxation feature (gamma-relaxation). Between beta- and gamma-relaxation, significant dispersion is observed, which, however, can be explained by a superposition of these relaxation processes and is not due to an additional delta-relaxation often found in biological matter. Our measurements provide dielectric data on human blood of so far unsurpassed precision for a broad parameter range. All data are provided in electronic form to serve as basis for the calculation of the absorption rate of electromagnetic radiation and other medical purposes. Moreover, by investigating an exceptionally broad frequency range, valuable new information on the dynamic processes in blood is obtained.

M. Wolf; R. Gulich; P. Lunkenheimer; A. Loidl

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

246

ASP.NET 3.5 Unleashed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ASP.NET 3.5 Unleashed is the most comprehensive book available on the Microsoft ASP.NET 3.5 Framework, covering all aspects of the ASP.NET 3.5 Framework--no matter how advanced. This edition covers all the new features of ASP.NET 3.5. It explains Microsoft ...

Stephen Walther

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Net Metering Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission The Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) adopted rules for net metering in September 2004, requiring the state's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) to offer net metering to all electric customers. The rules, which apply to renewable energy resource projects [defined by IC 8-1-37-4(a)(1) - (8)] with a maximum capacity of 1 megawatt (MW), include the following

248

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Net Metering Oregon has established separate net-metering programs for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and PacifiCorp), and for its municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. '''PGE and PacifiCorp Customers''' The Oregon Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted new rules for net metering for PGE and PacifiCorp customers in July 2007, raising the individual system limit from 25 kilowatts (kW) to two megawatts (MW) for non-residential applications. (The rules do not apply to customers of Idaho

249

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Net Metering Provider Wyoming Public Service Commission Wyoming enacted legislation in February 2001 that established statewide net metering. The law applies to investor-owned utilities, electric cooperatives and irrigation districts. Eligible technologies include solar, wind, biomass and hydropower systems up to 25 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Systems must be intended primarily to offset part or all of the customer-generator's requirements for electricity. Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits at the utility's avoided-cost

250

System and method for detection of dispersed broadband signals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for detecting the presence of dispersed broadband signals in real time are disclosed. The present invention utilizes a bank of matched filters for detecting the received dispersed broadband signals. Each matched filter uses a respective robust time template that has been designed to approximate the dispersed broadband signals of interest, and each time template varies across a spectrum of possible dispersed broadband signal time templates. The received dispersed broadband signal x(t) is received by each of the matched filters, and if one or more matches occurs, then the received data is determined to have signal data of interest. This signal data can then be analyzed and/or transmitted to Earth for analysis, as desired. The system and method of the present invention will prove extremely useful in many fields, including satellite communications, plasma physics, and interstellar research. The varying time templates used in the bank of matched filters are determined as follows. The robust time domain template is assumed to take the form w(t)=A(t)cos[l brace]2[phi](t)[r brace]. Since the instantaneous frequency f(t) is known to be equal to the derivative of the phase [phi](t), the trajectory of a joint time-frequency representation of x(t) is used as an approximation of [phi][prime](t). 10 figs.

Qian, S.; Dunham, M.E.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

251

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institutional Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Net Metering Provider Arizona Corporation Commission Net metering is available to customers who generate electricity using solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass, biogas, combined heat and power (CHP) or fuel cell technologies. The ACC has not set a firm kilowatt-based limit on system size capacity; instead, systems must be sized to not exceed 125% of the customer's total connected load. If there is no available load data for the customer, the generating system may not

252

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Net Metering Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSC) issued an order on January 26, 1982 requiring all regulated utilities to file tariffs allowing net metering to customers that generate electricity with systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW)* in capacity. The order applies to investor-owned utilities and municipal utilities, but not to electric cooperatives. All distributed-generation (DG) systems, including renewables and combined heat and power (CHP), are eligible. There is no limit on total enrollment.

253

QuarkNet at Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

QuarkNet at Work Information for Active Mentors & Teachers     QuarkNet Home - Information - Calendar - Contacts - Projects - Forms: EoI - Teachers Information Active Centers Calendar Contacts Expectations: for Teachers, for Mentors Information on Other Funding Sources Program Overview Support: for Teachers, for Centers Staff Job Description Activities Essential Practices - Teaching with Inquiry (word.doc) Classroom Activities e-Labs: CMS - Cosmic Ray Boot Camp Project Activities Databases: Data Entry (password only) 2012 Center Reporting Resources Important Findings from Previous Years Mentor Tips Associate Teacher Institute Toolkit Print Bibliography - Online Resources Imaging Detector Principles of Professionalism for Science Educators - NSTA position

254

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy On May 11, 2010, the Department of Energy (DOE) published a Request for Information seeking comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in understanding current and potential practices and policies for the states and other entities to empower consumers (and perhaps others) through access to detailed energy information in electronic form-including real-time information from smart meters, historical consumption data, and pricing and billing information. DOE will hold a public meeting as part of this request for information.

255

Re: National Broadband Plan (NBP) Request for Information: Data Access |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Broadband Plan (NBP) Request for Information: Data National Broadband Plan (NBP) Request for Information: Data Access Re: National Broadband Plan (NBP) Request for Information: Data Access Whirlpool Corporation is honored to have been chosen as a recipient of a U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Smart Grid Investment Grant program grant of $19.3 million over a two year period - which the company will match with its own investments. Whirlpool Corporation recently announced that in 2011 it would deliver one million U.S. manufactured smart dryers capable of reacting intelligently to signals from the smart grid by modifying their energy consumption to save consumers money on their home electric bills. In addition, the funds will complement the company's commitment that by 2015 all of the electronically controlled appliances it produces - everywhere in

256

Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy The Edison Electric Institute ("EEI"), on behalf of its member companies, hereby submits the following comments in response to the Request for Information ("RFI") by the Department of Energy ("Department" or "DOE") regarding the current and future communications requirements of utilities, including, but not limited to, the requirements of the Smart Grid in an effort to implement certain recommendations of the National Broadband Plan.

257

A Broadband Tensorial Magnetotelluric Study In The Travale Geothermal Field  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Broadband Tensorial Magnetotelluric Study In The Travale Geothermal Field Broadband Tensorial Magnetotelluric Study In The Travale Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Broadband Tensorial Magnetotelluric Study In The Travale Geothermal Field Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: As a contribution to the EEC study of the potential contribution of electric and electromagnetic techniques to geothermal exploration, magnetotelluric studies have been undertaken with a sounding bandwidth ranging from 2 to 7 decades of period at more than 30 sites within the chosen test area of Travale. This area must be one of the most unfavourable for the application of electrical techniques on account both of the thickness (up to 2 km) of conducting (< 1 ohm / m in some locations) cover

258

Refinery and Blender Net Inputs  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Crude OIl ... 14.54 15.14 15.26 15.08 14.51 15.30 15.70 14.93 14.47 15.30 15.54 14.97 15.01...

259

Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP Mlawer, Eli Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Clough, Shepard Atmospheric and Environmental Research Delamere, Jennifer Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Miller, Mark Brookhaven National Laboratory Johnson, Karen Brookhaven National Laboratory Troyan, David Brookhaven National Laboratory Jensen, Michael Brookhaven National Laboratory Shippert, Timothy Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Long, Chuck Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sivaraman, Chitra Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Heck, Patrick University of Wisconsin Rutan, David Analytical Services & Materials, Inc.

260

An arrayed nanoantenna for broadband light emission and detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a broadband optical unidirectional arrayed nanoantenna consisting of equally spaced nanorods of gradually varying length. Each nanorod can be driven by near-field quantum emitters radiating at different frequencies or, according to the reciprocity principle, by an incident light at the same frequency. Broadband unidirectional emission and reception characteristics of the nano-antenna open up novel opportunities for subwavelength light manipulation and quantum communication, as well as for enhancing the performance of photoactive devices such as photovoltaic detectors, light-emitting diodes, and solar cells.

Miroshnichenko, Andrey E; Davoyan, Arthur R; Simovski, Constantin; Belov, Pavel; Kivshar, Yuri S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying the Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Alcatel-Lucent ("ALU") appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the Department of Energy's ("Department") Request for Information ("RFI")1 to better understand the communications requirements of utilities, including the requirements of Smart Grid Technology. ALU sees smart grid as one of several solutions offered by the technological advances and widespread deployment of broadband networks. While in its comments ALU addresses the narrow issues raised specifically in the Department's RFI, these comments also convey broader policy

262

Gas Phase Photoacoustic Spectroscopy in the long-wave IR using Quartz Tuning Forks and Amplitude Modulated Quantum Cascade Lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A paper to accompany a 20 minute talk about the progress of a DARPA funded project called LPAS. ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the performance of a novel long-wave infrared photoacoustic laser absorbance spectrometer for gas-phase species using an amplitude modulated (AM) quantum cascade (QC) laser and a quartz tuning fork microphone. Photoacoustic signal was generated by focusing the output of a Fabry-Perot QC laser operating at 8.41 micron between the legs of a quartz tuning fork which served as a transducer for the transient acoustic pressure wave. The QC laser was modulated at the resonant frequency of the tuning fork (32.8 kHz). This sensor was calibrated using the infrared absorber Freon-134a by performing a simultanious absorption measurement using a 35 cm absorption cell. The NEAS of this instrument was determined to be 2 x 10^-8 W cm^-1 /Hz^1/2 and the fundamental sensitivity of this technique is limited by the noise floor of the tuning fork itself.

Wojcik, Michael D.; Phillips, Mark C.; Cannon, Bret D.

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Broadband Acoustic Technique for Measuring Bubble Size Distributions: Laboratory and Shallow Water Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a broadband sound velocimeter that allows the simultaneous measurement of sound speed and attenuation over a wide range of frequencies is described. The velocimeter measures the attenuation and dispersion of a broadband ...

Eric J. Terrill; W. Kendall Melville

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A Simple Empirical Equation to Calculate Cloud Optical Thickness Using Shortwave Broadband Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an empirical equation is presented that can be used to estimate shortwave cloud optical thickness from measurements and analysis of shortwave broadband irradiances. When applied to a time series of broadband observations, this ...

James C. Barnard; Charles N. Long

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Mapping Surface Broadband Emissivity of the Sahara Desert Using ASTER and MODIS Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface broadband emissivity in the thermal infrared region is an important parameter for the studies of the surface energy balance. This paper focuses on estimating a broadband window emissivity from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and ...

Kenta Ogawa; Thomas Schmugge

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Broadband and Spectral Emissivities (2–18 ?m) of Some Natural Soils and Vegetation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadband and spectral emissivities of several soil types, grass and tree leaves are reported for wavelengths between 2 and 18 ?m. Broadband measurements were made in situ with an 8–14 ?m bandpass radiometer, and spectral measurements were made ...

Robert A. Sutherland

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use and Privacy Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband...

268

Three New Companies Join the Broadband Forum Board of Directors Proactive PR Online General Europe Three New Companies Join the Broadband Forum Board of Directors Proactive PR Online General North America Three New Companies Join the Broadband Forum Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three New Companies Join the Broadband Forum Board Statesman (Austin, TX) 03/19/13 of Directors Proactive PR Online General North America

Three New; Companies Join; Broadband Forum Board

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Critical factors for the expansion of broadband in developing countries: The case of Peru  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies have been made on the diffusion and development of broadband, however there are few published studies on the critical factors for advancing broadband services in developing countries. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to understand and ... Keywords: Actor analysis, Broadband, Critical factors, Developing countries, Peru

Peter Yamakawa; Gloria Cadillo; RubéN Tornero

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Identifying the determinants of broadband adoption by diffusion stage in OECD countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Governments worldwide actively promote broadband development, owing to its positive impact on economic growth. Although many studies have identified the determinants of broadband adoption, this study re-examines the determinants by applying Arellano-Bond ... Keywords: Adopter categories, Broadband, Determinant, Innovation diffusion, OECD

Mao-Shong Lin, Feng-Shang Wu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Socio-technical analysis of Korea's broadband convergence network: Big plans, big projects, big prospects?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to investigate the policy objectives of the broadband convergence network (BcN) and the realization of objectives. The Korean government launched the BcN project with the objective of converting Korea into an information society ... Keywords: Broadband, Broadband convergence network, Socio-technical systems theory, South Korea

Dong-Hee Shin; Jaemin Jung

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Avista Utilities - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Avista Utilities - Net Metering Avista Utilities - Net Metering Avista Utilities - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type Net Metering Provider Avista Utilities Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net-metering tariff that has been approved by the Idaho Public Utilities Commission (PUC). The framework of the utilities' net-metering programs is similar, in that each utility: (1) offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar,

273

SRP - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SRP - Net Metering SRP - Net Metering SRP - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Net Metering Provider SRP Salt River Project (SRP) modified an existing net-metering program for residential and commercial customers in November 2013. Net metering is now available to customers who generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), geothermal, or wind systems up to 300 kilowatts (kW) in AC peak capacity. The kilowatt-hours (kWh) delivered to SRP are subtracted from the kWh delivered from SRP for each billing cycle. If the kWh calculation is net positive for the billing cycle, SRP will bill the net kWh to the customer under the applicable price plan, Standard Price Plan E-21, E-23, E-26,

274

Net Metering (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eligible to net meter. In addition, the rulemaking defined "name plate capacity" for inverter-based net metering facilities to be "the aggregate output rating of all inverters in...

275

City of St. George- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The...

276

Idaho Power - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Idaho Power - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type Net Metering Provider Idaho Power Company Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net-metering tariff that has been approved by the Idaho Public Utilities Commission (PUC). The framework of the utilities' net-metering programs is similar, in that each utility: (1) offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, biomass or fuel cells; (2) limits residential systems to

277

Consumer sovereignty: New boundaries for telecommunications and broadband access  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Antitrust and consumer protection laws share a common purpose to facilitate the exercise of effective consumer choice. This article uses this concept of consumer sovereignty to frame analysis of the shifting boundaries between the industry-specific and ... Keywords: Antitrust, Broadband, Consumer protection, Deregulation, Regulatory policy

Barbara A. Cherry

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Adaptive workflow nets for grid computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing grid applications commonly use workflows for the orchestration of grid services. Existing workflow models however suffer from the lack of adaptivity. In this paper we define Adaptive Grid Workflow nets (AGWF nets) appropriate for modeling grid ... Keywords: coordination, grid computing, modeling, petri nets, verification, workflows

Carmen Bratosin; Kees van Hee; Natalia Sidorova

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Checking Properties of Adaptive Workflow Nets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider adaptive workflow nets, a class of nested nets that allows more comfort and expressive power for modeling adaptability and exception handling in workflow nets. We define two important behavioural properties of adaptive workflow ... Keywords: adaptive workflow, circumspectness, soundness, verification

Kees van Hee; Olivia Oanea; Alexander Serebrenik; Natalia Sidorova; Marc Voorhoeve; Irina A. Lomazova

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Microsoft VisualBasic.Net Professional Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Incorporating five hands-on projects, Microsoft Visual Basic .NET Professional Projects is your key to unlocking the power of Visual Basic .NET. Each project focuses on a specific Visual Basic .NET concept and is based on a real-world ...

Kuljit Kaur; Pooja Bembey

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Power Net System Power 62% Specific Purchases 35% Self-generation 3% Wind 741 Solar 0 Small Hydro,777 Net System Power, GWh Wind 2,805 Solar 864 Small Hydro 1,157 Geothermal 7,692 Biomass 1,954 Nuclear 22CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION APRIL 2003 300-03-002 2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER

282

Configuration structures, event structures and Petri nets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the correspondence between safe Petri nets and event structures, due to Nielsen, Plotkin and Winskel, is extended to arbitrary nets without self-loops, under the collective token interpretation. To this end we propose a more general form ... Keywords: Concurrency, Configuration structures, Event structures, Petri nets, Propositional logic

R. J. van Glabbeek; G. D. Plotkin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Hacking NetCOPE to Run on NetFPGA-10G  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the Net COPE platform porting issues to the new generation of the Net FPGA(-10G) cards. Achieved throughput and CPU utilization for various length of packets was measured. It was shown that we are able to reach maximum throughput ... Keywords: FPGA, NetCOPE, NetFPGA-10G

Pavol Korcek; Vlastimil Kosar; Martin Zadnik; Karel Koranda; Petr Kastovsky

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Net Energy Billing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Billing Energy Billing Net Energy Billing < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Net Metering Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing for individual customers. Furthermore IOUs are required to offer net metering for shared ownership customers, while COUs may offer net metering to shared ownership

285

Kansas - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kansas - Net Metering Kansas - Net Metering Kansas - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Kansas Corporation Commission Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities in Kansas. Net metering applies to systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, methane, biomass or hydro resources, and to fuel cells using hydrogen produced by an eligible

286

Progress Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Progress Energy - Net Metering Progress Energy - Net Metering Progress Energy - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Net Metering Provider Progress Energy Carolinas In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement signed by the individual interveners, the Office of Regulatory Staff and the three investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The order detailed the terms of net metering, including ownership of RECs, in South Carolina and standardized

287

Net Metering Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Webinar Net Metering Webinar Net Metering Webinar June 25, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the services provided by utility net metering and their importance in making projects cost-effective. The speakers will provide information based on case histories of how facilities that generate their own electricity from renewable energy sources can feed electricity they do not use back into the grid. Many states have net-metering laws with which utilities must comply. In states without such legislation, utilities may offer net-metering programs voluntarily or as a result of regulatory decisions. The webinar will cover the general differences between states' legislation and implementation and how the net-metering benefits can vary widely for facilities in different areas of

288

Duke Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duke Energy - Net Metering Duke Energy - Net Metering Duke Energy - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Net Metering In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an [http://dms.psc.sc.gov/pdf/matters/F05030FC-E19A-9225-B838F72EDF4557DC.pdf] order mandating net metering be made available by the regulating utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement signed by the individual interveners, the Office of Regulatory Staff and the three investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The order detailed the terms of net metering, including

289

Current experience with net metering programs  

SciTech Connect

Net metering is a utility metering practice that encourages direct consumer investment in renewable energy technologies. Laws and regulations that establish net metering practices now exist in 22 states. Net metering enables electricity customers with small generators to receive a higher value for some or all of the electricity they generate. This is accomplished by allowing the electric meters of such customers to turn backward when there is more generation than demand. It effectively allows customers with small generators to use the electricity they generate to offset their usage over an entire billing period. This paper reports on the current status of net metering laws and rules in the US. In particular, the extent of the net metering authority in each state is highlighted. Differing requirements for grid-interconnection have introduced significant variations in the actual implementation of net metering programs. Interconnection requirements from specific utilities are collected to understand how net metering programs have been affected.

Wan, Y.H.; Green, H.J.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Privacy Privacy Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy On May 11, 2010, the Department of Energy (DOE) published a Request for Information seeking comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in understanding current and potential practices and policies for the states and other entities to empower consumers (and perhaps others) through access to detailed energy information in electronic form-including real-time information from smart meters, historical consumption data, and pricing and billing information. DOE will hold a public meeting as part of this request for information. Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy

291

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Comparison of broadband  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of broadband solar irradiances measured on fixed and stabilized Comparison of broadband solar irradiances measured on fixed and stabilized platforms Ellingson, Robert Florida State University Takara, Ezra Florida State University Tooman, Tim Sandia National Laboratories Fixed and stabilized platform CM-22 radiometer observations obtained on long, constant altitude flight legs during the 2002 UAV flight series have been compared to estimate the possible improvements to shortwave absorption estimates that might be realized from stabilized measurements on stacked aircraft. This poster will chronicle the methods necessary to correct fixed platform measurements for aircraft pitch, roll and heading and will highlight the magnitude of the irradiance uncertainties resulting from the standard corrections. The fixed platform uncertainties at one level,

292

An Extended Comparison between LOWTRAN7 Computed and Observed Broadband Thermal Irradiances: Global Extreme and Intermediate Surface Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differences between observed and LOWTRAN7-computed downward longwave irradiances were examined at each of four globally diverse locations for an entire year at each site. The final results are restricted to times determined to be completely or ...

Ellsworth G. Dutton

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Guam - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guam - Net Metering Guam - Net Metering Guam - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info Program Type Net Metering Provider Guam Energy Office Guam's Public Utilities Commission (PUC) reviewed net metering and interconnection during a regular meeting in February 2009 (Docket 08-10). Please contact the [http://www.guampuc.com/ Guam PUC] for the results of that docket review. In 2004, Guam enacted legislation requiring the Guam Power Authority (GPA) to allow net metering for customers with fuel cells, microturbines, wind energy, biomass, hydroelectric, solar energy or hybrid systems of these

294

Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission The Net Metering Rules are promulgated under the authority of the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are created to establish rules for net energy metering and interconnection. These rules are developed pursuant to the Arkansas Renewable Energy Development Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 23-18-603). These rules apply to all electric utilities.

295

Active QuarkNet Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

first active year) first active year)       QuarkNet Home - Information - Calendar - Contacts - Projects - Forms: EoI - Teachers Institution Contact e-mail Year Brown, Northeastern & Brandeis Universities Richard Dower - rick.dower@roxburylatin.org 1999 Fermilab & University of Chicago Chris Stoughton - stoughto@fnal.gov 1999 Florida State University Horst Wahl - wahl@hep.fsu.edu 1999 Indiana University Rick Van Kooten - rickv@paoli.physics.indiana.edu 1999 University of California - Santa Cruz Steve Ritz - ritz@scipp.ucsc.edu 1999 University of Notre Dame Dan Karmgard - Karmgard.1@nd.edu 1999 University of Oklahoma Michael Strauss - strauss@mail.nhn.ou.edu 1999 University of Rochester Kevin McFarland - ksmcf@pas.rochester.edu 1999

296

TacNet Tracker - Energy Innovation Portal  

Technology Marketing Summary The TacNet Tracker is designed to transport information securely via portable handheld units without the need for fixed ...

297

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Containing storage capacity data for crude oil, petroleum products, and selected biofuels. The report includes tables detailing working and net available shell ...

298

Groundbreaking Net Zero Building, NIST Director Pat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ideas up and carry out these programs, to the contracting staff, to the facilities management staff who ... The Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility. ...

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Ashland Electric - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

adopted a net-metering program that includes simple interconnection guidelines. The program encourages the adoption of renewable-energy systems by committing the city to...

300

,"California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","62013"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A study of longwave radiation codes for climate studies: Validation with ARM observations and tests in general circulation models. Technical report, 16 March 1991--15 March 1992  

SciTech Connect

Research by the US Department of Energy (DOE) has shown that cloud radiative feedback is the single most important effect determining the magnitude of possible climatic responses to human activity. However, these effects are still not known at the levels needed for climate prediction. Consequently, DOE has launched a major initiative-- the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Program -- directed at improving the parameterization of the physics governing cloud and radiative processes in general circulation models (GCM`s). One specific goal of ARM is to improve the treatment of radiative transfer in GCM`s under clear-sky, general overcast and broken cloud conditions. Our approach to developing the radiation model will be to test existing models in an iterative, predictive fashion. We will supply the Clouds and Radiative Testbed (CART) with a set of models to be compared with operationally observed data. The differences we find will lead to the development of new models to be tested with new data. Similarly, our GCM studies will use existing GCM`s to study the radiation sensitivity problem. We anticipate that the outcome of this approach will provide both a better longwave radiative forcing algorithm and a better understanding of how longwave radiative forcing influences the equilibrium climate of the atmosphere.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A study of longwave radiation codes for climate studies: Validation with ARM observations and tests in general circulation models. Technical report, 15 September 1990--25 April 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of our group to meet our stated objectives. The report is divided into sections entitled: Radiation Model Testing Activities, General Circulation Model Testing Activities, Science Team Activities, and Publications, Presentations and Meetings. The section on Science Team Activities summarizes our participation with the science team to further advance the observation and modeling programs. Appendix A lists graduate students supported, and post-doctoral appointments during the project. Reports on the activities during each of the first two years are included as Appendix B. Significant progress has been made in: determining the ability of line-by-line radiation models to calculate the downward longwave flux at the surface; determining the uncertainties in calculated the downwelling radiance and flux at the surface associated with the use of different proposed profiling techniques; intercomparing clear-sky radiance and flux observations with calculations from radiation codes from different climate models; determining the uncertainties associated with estimating N* from surface longwave flux observations; and determining the sensitivity of model calculations to different formulations of the effects of finite sized clouds.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

303

DISCRETE-FREQUENCY AND BROADBAND NOISE RADIATION FROM DIESEL ENGINE COOLING FANS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This effort focuses on measuring and predicting the discrete-frequency and broadband noise radiated by diesel engine cooling fans. Unsteady forces developed by the interaction of… (more)

Kim, Geon-Seok

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Broadband Status in the Region of Western Greece: Overview and Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a study conducted in the Region of Western Greece, in order to propose an overall planning for the development of broadband infrastructure in the Region of Western Greece. The current broadband status in the region is being described, while the results of a survey on broadband usage and demand are being presented. The paper proposes some Recommendations that should be adopted in the region of Western Greece in order for the appropriate broadband infrastructures to be developed and adopted so as to contribute to economic growth and to tackle any possible cases of “digital gap ” between the citizens of our country.

Antonios Alexiou; Christos Bouras; Vaggelis Igglesis; Vaggelis Kapoulas; Michael Paraskevas; Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos; John Papagiannopoulos

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the...

306

Boundedness of adaptive nets is decidable  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundedness is a relevant property for adaptive systems: creation, composition and destruction of components at runtime introduce different infiniteness dimensions. In this paper we show the decidability of the boundedness for adaptive nets, a subclass ... Keywords: Adaptive nets, Boundedness, Decidability, Theory of computation

Olivia Oanea

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-2007.......................................................................5 Figure 3: Natural Gas and Coal Shares of Net System Power Mix Become Larger 1999-2007.....7 List technologies used to generate electricity. Fuel types include coal, natural gas, nuclear, and other fuels of "unclaimed" coal and natural gas generation. Figure 2 illustrates the decrease in net system power between

308

2004 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION COMMISSIONREPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Power Self-Generation 5% Net System Power 31% Specific Purchases 64% Nuclear 34046 Wind 4090 Solar Specific Purchases 176,196 GWh Net System Power 85,288 GWh Wind 168 Solar 0 Small Hydro 958 Geothermal 2413 Power 31% Specific Purchases 64% Nuclear 34046 Wind 4090 Solar 743 Small Hydro 3711 Geothermal 11158

309

Puerto Rico - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico - Net Metering Puerto Rico - Net Metering Puerto Rico - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info Program Type Net Metering Provider Autoridad de Energía Electrica de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico enacted net-metering legislation in August 2007, allowing customers of Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to use electricity generated by solar, wind or "other" renewable-energy resources to offset their electricity usage. This law applies to residential systems with a generating capacity of up to 25 kilowatts (kW) and non-residential systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity.*

310

LADWP - Net Metering (California) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering (California) Net Metering (California) LADWP - Net Metering (California) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State California Program Type Net Metering Provider Los Angeles Department of Water and Power LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless an installation requires atypical metering equipment. In these cases the customer must cover the additional metering expenses. The customer must also pay any related interconnection fees. Excess kilowatt-hours (kWh) generated by the customer's system will be

311

Definition: Net Zero | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zero Zero Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net Zero A building, home, or community that offsets all of its energy use from renewable energy available within the community's built environment.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A zero-energy building, also known as a zero net energy (ZNE) building, net-zero energy building (NZEB), or net zero building, is a building with zero net energy consumption and zero carbon emissions annually. Buildings that produce a surplus of energy over the year may be called "energy-plus buildings" and buildings that consume slightly more energy than they produce are called "near-zero energy buildings" or "ultra-low energy houses". Traditional buildings consume 40% of the total fossil fuel energy in the US and European Union and are significant

312

Acoustic Environment of Admiralty Inlet: Broadband Noise Measurements  

SciTech Connect

Admiralty Inlet has been selected as a potential tidal energy site. It is located near shipping lanes, is a highly variable acoustic environment, and is frequented by the highly endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW). Resolving environmental impacts is the first step to receiving approval to deploy tidal turbines at Admiralty Inlet. Of particular concern is the potential for blade strike or other negative interactions between the SRKW and the tidal turbine. A variety of technologies including passive and active monitoring systems are being considered as potential tools to determine the presence of SRKW in the vicinity of the turbines. Broadband noise level measurements are critical for the determination of design and operation specifications of all marine and hydrokinetic energy capture technologies. Acoustic environment data at the proposed site was acquired at different depths using a cabled vertical line array (VLA) with four calibrated hydrophones. The sound pressure level (SPL) power spectrum density was estimated based on the fast Fourier transform. This study describes the first broadband SPL measurements for this site at different depths with frequency ranging from 10 kHz to 480 kHz in combination with other information. To understand the SPL caused by this bedload transport, three different pressure sensors with temperature and conductivity were also assembled on the VLA to measure the conditions at the hydrophone deployment depth. The broadband SPL levels at frequency ranges of 3 kHz to 7 kHz as a function of depth were estimated. Only the hydrophone at an average depth of 40 m showed the strong dependence of SPL with distance from the bottom, which was possibly caused by the cobbles shifting on the seabed. Automatic Identification System data were also studied to understand the SPL measurements.

Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Jones, Mark E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying the Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy The Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in understanding the communications requirements of utilities, including, but not limited to, the requirements of the Smart Grid. This RFI also seeks to collect information about electricity infrastructure's current and projected communications requirements, as well as the types of networks and communications services that may be used for grid modernization. Specifically, DOE seeks information on what types of communications capabilities that the utilities

314

Social Network Theory, Broadband and the World Wide Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of expertise, versus the decision to build a new road, gas pipeline, or railway line. The big cost in the first case might be the concern that once identified you might face a greater work-load, in terms of the second case there is a considerable cost even... examples of how social network theory can be applied to Internet usage, and how the move from slow connection speeds to faster broadband links alter these decisions. Here we directly apply a modified version of the model of Jackson and Wolinsky (1996...

Sgroi, Daniel

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

315

Developing Japanese WordNet Affect for analyzing emotions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the development of Japanese WordNet Affect from the English WordNet Affect lists with the help of English SentiWordNet and Japanese WordNet. Expanding the available synsets of the English WordNet Affect ...

Yoshimitsu Torii; Dipankar Das; Sivaji Bandyopadhyay; Manabu Okumura

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Net energy from nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of net energy from nuclear power plants is dependent on a large number of variables and assumptions. The energy requirements as they relate to reactor type, concentration of uranium in the ore, enrichment tails assays, and possible recycle of uranium and plutonium were examined. Specifically, four reactor types were considered: pressurized water reactor, boiling water reactor, high temperature gas-cooled reactor, and heavy water reactor (CANDU). The energy requirements of systems employing both conventional (current) ores with uranium concentration of 0.176 percent and Chattanooga Shales with uranium concentration of 0.006 percent were determined. Data were given for no recycle, uranium recycle only, and uranium plus plutonium recycle. Starting with the energy requirements in the mining process and continuing through fuel reprocessing and waste storage, an evaluation of both electrical energy requirements and thermal energy requirements of each process was made. All of the energy, direct and indirect, required by the processing of uranium in order to produce electrical power was obtained by adding the quantities for the individual processes. The energy inputs required for the operation of a nuclear power system for an assumed life of approximately 30 years are tabulated for nine example cases. The input requirements were based on the production of 197,100,000 MWH(e), i.e., the operation of a 1000 MW(e) plant for 30 years with an average plant factor of 0.75. Both electrical requirements and thermal energy requirements are tabulated, and it should be emphasized that both quantities are needed. It was found that the electricity generated far exceeded the energy input requirements for all the cases considered. (auth)

Rotty, R.M.; Perry, A.M.; Reister, D.B.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Field Comparison among a Domeless Net Radiometer, Two Four-Component Net Radiometers, and a Domed Net Radiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kipp & Zonen NR-Lite is a newly designed domeless net radiometer. In preparation for the Oklahoma Atmospheric Surface-layer Instrumentation System (OASIS) Project, the NR-Lite was rigorously field tested for over eight months during 1998. ...

J. A. Brotzge; C. E. Duchon

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Social Workers and Broadband Advocacy: Social Justice and Information Communications Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the results of an exploratory study examining attitudes toward broadband advocacy, as related to attitudes toward and use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and a variety of other personal, political, and professional ... Keywords: advocacy, broadband, digital divide, politics, social work

Joseph Kuilema

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Take your partners: Public private interplay in Australian and New Zealand plans for next generation broadband  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within a few days of each other in early 2009, the national governments of Australia and New Zealand announced separate plans to invest heavily in advanced broadband networks. Taxpayers in each country will contribute at least half the estimated cost ... Keywords: Australia, Broadband, FTTH, FTTN, FTTP, Fibre, New Zealand, Next generation networks, Public private partnership

Jock Given

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Techno-economic analysis and empirical study of network broadband investment: The case of backbone upgrading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces the basic problems of investment in new technologies in an operator telecommunication network. Investment in technologies for delivering broadband services at the metropolitan and backbone levels from technical and economic point ... Keywords: Network backbone upgrading, Network investment economics, Techno-economic modelling, Telecommunications & Broadband technology

Borka Jerman-Blaži?

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The broadband bearer connection control protocol: performance driven design and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadband Access Networks (ANs) is a field of major activity in telecommunications technology. The V"B"5 interface was introduced to support interconnection between these ANs and Service Nodes (SNs) that may be operated by different providers. The first ... Keywords: Broadband access networks, Service nodes, Static resource allocation

P Giannakakis; N Lepidas; I Pikrammenos; I.S Venieris

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Using the economics of platforms to understand the broadband-based market formation in the New Zealand Ultra-Fast Broadband Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The government of New Zealand is currently building a nation-wide fibre-optics network, a project known as the Ultra-Fast Broadband (UFB) initiative. The UFB network will cover 75 percent of New Zealanders over 10 years and will cost NZD $1.5 billion ... Keywords: Cross-network effects, Layer-1 services, New Zealand broadband national initiative, Open access platform, Price structure, Two-sided platforms, Wholesale layer-2 services

Fernando BeltráN

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

DOE Takes Steps to Implement the National Broadband Plan | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Takes Steps to Implement the National Broadband Plan Takes Steps to Implement the National Broadband Plan DOE Takes Steps to Implement the National Broadband Plan May 11, 2010 - 12:54pm Addthis The Department of Energy has announced that it is taking steps to implement energy-related recommendations included in the National Broadband Plan, released by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in March. The plan included recommendations on a wide range of topics from expanding internet access to modernizing health information to integrating broadband technologies with the Smart Grid. DOE is taking the lead in assessing best practices for providing consumers access to energy data, along with studying the communications requirements of electric utilities to help inform federal Smart Grid policy. As part of the process of implementing these recommendations, the

324

Microsoft Word - Broadband Over Power Lines_FINAL.06.01.10.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Broadband over Powerlines Can Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid Broadband over Powerlines Can Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid May 25, 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/1418 Broadband Over Power Lines Could Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid Broadband Over Power Lines Could Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid 1 Prepared by: Booz Allen Hamilton (BAH) Bruce Renz Renz Consulting, LLC DOE Contract number: DE-FE000400 Broadband Over Power Lines Could Accelerate the Transmission Smart Grid 2 Acknowledgements This report was prepared by Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. (BAH) for the United States Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. This work was completed under DOE NETL Contract Number DE-FE000400, and performed under BAH Task 430.04. The authors wish to acknowledge the excellent guidance, contributions, and cooperation of the

325

High-Voltage Broadband-Over-Powerline (HV-BPL) Field Test Report | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High-Voltage Broadband-Over-Powerline (HV-BPL) Field Test Report High-Voltage Broadband-Over-Powerline (HV-BPL) Field Test Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: High-Voltage Broadband-Over-Powerline (HV-BPL) Field Test Report Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.netl.doe.gov/smartgrid/referenceshelf/reports/HV-BPL_Final_Report. Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/high-voltage-broadband-over-powerline Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This reports details findings from a pilot High Voltage Broadband over Power Line (HV-BPL) program, an effort to develop a disruptive technology

326

Terahertz Faraday rotation in a magnetic liquid: High magneto-optical figure of merit and broadband operation in a ferrofluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for THz radiation from broadband12 and tuna- ble sources.13 These properties are of potential importance

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

327

Millenial Net Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Millenial Net Inc Millenial Net Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Millenial Net, Inc. Place Burlington, Massachusetts Zip MA 01803 Sector Services Product Millennial Net is a US-based developer of wireless sensor networking software, systems, and services. Coordinates 44.446275°, -108.431704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.446275,"lon":-108.431704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

328

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: May 29, 2013 Previous Issues Year: September 2013 March 2013 September 2012 March 2012 September 2011 March 2011 September 2010 Go Containing storage capacity data for crude oil, petroleum products, and selected biofuels. The report includes tables detailing working and net available shell storage capacity by type of facility, product, and Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PAD District). Net available shell storage capacity is broken down further to show the percent for exclusive use by facility operators and the percent leased to others. Crude oil storage capacity data are also provided for Cushing, Oklahoma, an

329

Definition: Net generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net generation Net generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net generation Equal to gross generation less electrical energy consumed at the generating station(s).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electricity generation, Gross generation, power, gross generation References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#N ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=N Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Net_generation&oldid=480320" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

330

,"Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" 32888,-1451 32919,-3625 32947,-1954 32978,-938 33008,0 33039,2640 33069,2937 33100,2937 33131,1069 33161,205 33192,81...

331

Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

,"California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10312013 6:20:37 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070CA2"...

333

Diagnosability verification with Petri net unfoldings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex systems increasingly require safety and robustness with regards to faults occurrences, and diagnosability is a key property to ensure this at design stage. This paper demonstrates how Petri net unfoldings, which have been proven to elevate the ...

Agnes Madalinski; Farid Nouioua; Philippe Dague

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY "ERA-NET"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.........................................................................................32 4.4 Hydrogen storage and distribution Co-ordination Action to Establish a Hydrogen and Fuel Cell ERA-Net, Hydrogen Co- ordination Work Chapter 2: Energy basics of the EU-25......................................................... 16 Chapter

335

American PowerNet | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name American PowerNet Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 49730 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

336

Augmenting WordNet's structure using LDOCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an algorithm that will augment the structure of WordNet with links between the noun and verb hierarchies, by using word definitions extracted from Longman's Dictionary of Contemporary English. The results obtained show that a simple algorithm ...

Vivi Nastase; Stan Szpakowicz

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

EnergyNet Student Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activating EnergyNet<2> Saving Energy Matters Now and in the Future Remember this past July and how hot it was . . . the electric company had problems keeping up with the demand...

338

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook...

339

Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net...

340

Austin Energy - Net Metering (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Austin Energy - Net Metering (Texas) Austin Energy - Net Metering (Texas) Eligibility Commercial Savings For Bioenergy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy...

342

Annual Renewable Electricity Net Generation by Country (1980...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Generation by Country (1980 - 2009) Total annual renewable electricity net generation by country, 1980 to 2009 (available in Billion Kilowatt-hours or as Quadrillion Btu)....

343

Electricity Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - 2008 Provides annual net electricity generation (thousand kilowatt-hours) from...

344

Industrial Biomass Energy Consumption and Electricity Net Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industrial Biomass Energy Consumption and Electricity Net Generation by Industry and Energy Source, 2008 Biomass energy consumption and electricity net generation in the industrial...

345

FORMATION OF THERMOELECTRIC ELEMENTS BY NET SHAPE SINTERING ...  

The net shape powder processing is adapted for the ready incorporation of the net shape thermoelectric elements into a ... Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels;

346

Alaska Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

347

Connecticut Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

348

Delaware Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

349

Georgia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

350

Wisconsin Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

351

Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings Program. ... NIST completed design and construction of Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility; ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

352

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of March...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

includes tables detailing working and net available shell storage capacity by type of facility, product, and Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PAD District). Net...

353

Idaho Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

354

The development of broadband satellite interactive access system based on DVB-S2 and mobile DVB-RCS standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the MoBISAT (Mobile Broadband Interactive Satellite Access Technology) system, the BcSAT (Broadband adaptive satellite communicationS and broadcAsting convergence Technology) system and the STC (Satellite and Terrestrial Convergence) system ... Keywords: BcSAT, DVB-S2, MoBISAT, STC, broadband mobile service, mobile DVB-RCS

Pansoo Kim; Dae-Ig Chang; Ho-Jin Lee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empowering Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Re: Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Exelon Corporation (Exelon) hereby submits the following comments in response to the request by the Department of Energy ("DOE" or "Department") for information on state efforts to enact Smart Grid privacy and data collection policies; utility practices and policies regarding data access and collection; third party access to detailed energy information; the role of the consumer in balancing benefits of data access and privacy; and policies and practices that should guide policymakers in determining who can access consumer energy information and under what conditions.1 Exelon

356

Dictionary for Sparse Representation of Chirp Echo in Broadband Radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new dictionary for sparse representation of chirp echo in broadband radar is put forward in this paper. Different with chirplet decomposition which decomposes echo in time-frequency plane, the dictionary transforms the sparsity of target observed by radar in distance range to the sparsity in frequency domain by stretch processing and the sparse representation of echo is realized. Using strict deduction with mathematics, the sparsity of echo in dictionary is proved and the dictionary is orthogonal. In the application property, the construction of dictionary is simple, the parameters that are needed for dictionary can be obtained conveniently and the dictionary is convenient to use. Furthermore, the object of application can be expanded to the echo of multi-component chirps with single freedom degree.

Gao, Lei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A broadband underwater acoustic modem implementation using coherent OFDM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Multicarrier modulation in the form of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has prevailed in recent broadband wireless systems over radio channels. In this senior design project, we have implemented an acoustic OFDM modem that transmits digital data through sound propagation. We have demonstrated OFDM transmission first in air, and then in water. We find that the underwater channel is much more complex than the air channel, and careful signal designs are needed for underwater transmissions. We have also handled another difficulty incurred by sampling rate mismatches at the transmitter and the receiver due to low-cost sampling devices. With two-way communication capabilities, this project provides a simple online chatting tool between two computers relying on acoustic links. Index Terms — OFDM, multicarrier transmission, underwater acoustic communication.

Sean Mason; Robert Anstett; Nicoletti Anicette; Shengli Zhou

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

BROADBAND SPECTRAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SGR J1550-5418 BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of our broadband spectral analysis of 42 SGR J1550-5418 bursts simultaneously detected with the Swift/X-ray Telescope (XRT) and the Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), during the 2009 January active episode of the source. The unique spectral and temporal capabilities of the XRT windowed timing mode have allowed us to extend the GBM spectral coverage for these events down to the X-ray domain (0.5-10 keV). Our earlier analysis of the GBM data found that the SGR J1550-5418 burst spectra were described equally well with either a Comptonized model or with two blackbody functions; the two models were statistically indistinguishable. Our new broadband (0.5-200 keV) spectral fits show that, on average, the burst spectra are better described with two blackbody functions than with the Comptonized model. Thus, our joint XRT-GBM analysis clearly shows for the first time that the SGR J1550-5418 burst spectra might naturally be expected to exhibit a more truly thermalized character, such as a two-blackbody or even a multi-blackbody signal. Using the Swift and RXTE timing ephemeris for SGR J1550-5418 we construct the distribution of the XRT burst counts with spin phase and find that it is not correlated with the persistent X-ray emission pulse phase from SGR J1550-5418. These results indicate that the burst emitting sites on the neutron star need not to be co-located with hot spots emitting the bulk of the persistent X-ray emission. Finally, we show that there is a significant pulse phase dependence of the XRT burst counts, likely demonstrating that the surface magnetic field of SGR J1550-5418 is not uniform over the emission zones, since it is anticipated that regions with stronger surface magnetic field could trigger bursts more efficiently.

Lin Lin; Goegues, Ersin; Kaneko, Yuki [Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I University, Orhanl Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I Tuzla, Istanbul 34956 (Turkey); Baring, Matthew G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, MS-108, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251 (United States); Granot, Jonathan [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Kouveliotou, Chryssa [Space Science Office, VP62, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Van der Horst, Alexander; Watts, Anna L. [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gruber, David; Von Kienlin, Andreas [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, D-85748 Garching bei Mnchen (Germany); Younes, George [USRA, National Space Science and Technology Center, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Gehrels, Neil, E-mail: linlin@sabanciuniv.edu [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery and Blender Net Production of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery and Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day)

360

Axiomatizing WordNet Glosses in the OntoWordNet Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

foundational ontology. Preliminary results provide us with the conviction that a research program aiming that tells us something about the way we use a lexical item in some context for some purpose. In other wordsNet's synsets1 . A formal specification requires a clear semantics for the primitives used to export WordNet 1

Navigli, Roberto

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and multi-variable models for each survey. Results In 2006, increased net use was associated with: age 25-49 years (adjusted (a) OR = 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-1.7) compared to children U5; female gender (aOR = 1.4; 95% CI 1.2-1.5); fewer nets...

Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

362

SolarNet | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarNet SolarNet Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarNet Place Healdsburg, California Zip 95448 Sector Solar Product Solar project developer with subsidiaries involved in the distribution, installation and financing of solar projects. Coordinates 38.610645°, -122.868834° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.610645,"lon":-122.868834,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

363

Conformal nets III: fusion of defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conformal nets provides a mathematical model for conformal field theory. We define a notion of defect between conformal nets, formalizing the idea of an interaction between two conformal field theories. We introduce an operation of fusion of defects, and prove that the fusion of two defects is again a defect, provided the fusion occurs over a conformal net of finite index. There is a notion of sector (or bimodule) between two defects, and operations of horizontal and vertical fusion of such sectors. Our most difficult technical result is that the horizontal fusion of the vacuum sectors of two defects is isomorphic to the vacuum sector of the fused defect. Equipped with this isomorphism, we construct the basic interchange isomorphism between the horizontal fusion of two vertical fusions and the vertical fusion of two horizontal fusions of sectors.

Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; André Henriques

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

364

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Working and Net Available Shell Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity November 2013 With Data as of September 30, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of September 30, 2013 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

365

Synthesis of Elementary Net Systems with Context Arcs and Localities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the synthesis problem for ENCL-systems, defined as Elementary Net Systems extended with context (inhibitor and activator) arcs and explicit event localities. Since colocated events are meant to be executed synchronously, the behaviour ... Keywords: Petri nets, activator arcs, context arcs, elementary net systems, inhibitor arcs, localities, net synthesis, step sequence semantics, structure and behaviour of nets, theory of concurrency, theory of regions, transition systems

Maciej Koutny; Marta Pietkiewicz-Koutny

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) is pleased to provide comments on the communications requirements of electric utilities relevant to smart grid policy. TIA appreciates the proactive role the Department of Energy (DOE) is taking in executing the recommendations from the FCC in the National Broadband Plan. Electric utilities and the ICT industry share a long tradition of partnering to build and maintain the communications networks contributing to the security and reliability of the grid.

367

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) is pleased to provide comments on the communications requirements of electric utilities relevant to smart grid policy. TIA appreciates the proactive role the Department of Energy (DOE) is taking in executing the recommendations from the FCC in the National Broadband Plan. Electric utilities and the ICT industry share a long tradition of partnering to build and maintain the communications networks contributing to the security and reliability of the grid.

368

Air-clad silicon pedestal structures for broadband mid-infrared microphotonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward mid-infrared (mid-IR) silicon microphotonic circuits, we demonstrate broadband on-chip silicon structures, such as: (i) straight and bent waveguides and (ii) beam splitters, utilizing an air-clad pedestal configuration ...

Lin, Pao Tai

369

Novel broadband light sources and pulse generation techniques at 1.5 [mu]m  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wide diversity of applications, in both fundamental science and practical technology, has come to rely on broadband optical light sources as key enabling tools. In this thesis, we investigate three devices that contribute ...

Shen, Hanfei M, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Engineering broadband and anisotropic photoluminescence emission from rare earth doped tellurite thin film photonic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadband and anisotropic light emission from rare-earth doped tellurite thin films is demonstrated using Er[superscript 3+]-TeO[subscript 2] photonic crystals (PhCs). By adjusting the PhC parameters, photoluminescent light ...

Vanhoutte, Michiel

371

An Improved Method to Derive Surface Albedo from Narrowband AVHRR Satellite Data: Narrowband to Broadband Conversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method was investigated to estimate broadband surface shortwave albedo from the narrowband reflectances obtained by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometers (AVHRRs) on board the polar orbiting satellites. Field experiments were conducted ...

J. Song; W. Gao

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Broadband access over cable for next-generation services: a distributed switch architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid fiber coax architecture deployed by the cable service providers has been successful in capturing a substantial piece of the residential broadband access market. In the United States over five million homes connect to the Internet using DOCSIS ...

S. Dravida; D. Gupta; S. Nanda; K. Rege; J. Strombosky; M. Tandon

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Open Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) Systems: Leveraging Customer Broadband for Grid Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail broadband networks, such as cable, digital subscriber line (DSL), and high-speed wireless networks are available at nearly all customer premises in the United States and many other countries. With this increased availability, the percentage of the population subscribing to these networks for Internet service is rising. This report explores the possibility of using retail broadband networks for Smart Grid applications, particularly those related to residential customer integration. The report ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

374

Bragg Experimental SensorNet Testbed (BEST)  

SciTech Connect

The principal causative objectives of BEST were to consolidate the 9-1-1 and emergency response services into an Integrated Incident Management Center (I2MC) and to establish an 'Interoperability framework' based on SensorNet protocols to allow additional components to be added to the I2MC over time.

Gorman, Bryan

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

375

Capacity Bounded Grammars and Petri Nets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A capacity bounded grammar is a grammar whose derivations are restricted by assigning a bound to the number of every nonterminal symbol in the sentential forms. In the paper the generative power and closure properties of capacity bounded grammars and their Petri net controlled counterparts are investigated.

Stiebe, Ralf; 10.4204/EPTCS.3.18

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Semantic Sensor Net: an extensible framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing approaches for sensor networks suffer from a number of serious drawbacks, including assumption of homogeneous sensor nodes, application-dependency, engineering-orientation, and lack of interoperability. To overcome these drawbacks, we ... Keywords: architecture, data processing, dynamic tagging, framework, semantic information, semantic sensor net, semantics, sensor networks

Lionel M. Ni; Yanmin Zhu; Jian Ma; Qiong Luo; Yunhao Liu; S. C. Cheung; Qiang Yang; Minglu Li; Min-you Wu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production (above the utility rate for  electricity sold local energy costs and utility rate  structures.   Net Zero 1: Base Case Inputs  The utility rates used should also be 

Al-Beaini, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Rocky Mountain Power - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - Net Metering Rocky Mountain Power - Net Metering Rocky Mountain Power - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type Net Metering Provider Rocky Mountain Power Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has a net-metering tariff on file with the Idaho Public Utilities Commission (PUC). The framework of the utilities' net-metering programs is similar, in that each utility: (1) offers net

379

ARM - Reading netCDF, HDF, and GRIB Files  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DocumentationReading netCDF, HDF, and GRIB Files DocumentationReading netCDF, HDF, and GRIB Files Policies, Plans, Descriptions Data Documentation Home Data Sharing and Distribution Policy Data Management and Documentation Plan Data Product Registration and Submission Reading netCDF and HDF Data Files Time in ARM netCDF Data Files Data Archive Documentation ARM Archive's Catalog of Data Streams (Updated monthly) Access to Historical ARM Data More on Understanding and Finding ARM Data Data Quality Problem Reporting Reading netCDF, HDF, and GRIB Files netCDF Files Most ARM data are stored in netCDF format. This format allows for the definition of data fields and storage of operational information in the header of the file. All ARM netCDF files are in UTC time and represent time as "seconds since January 1, 1970,'' which is called the "epoch time.'' For

380

City of St. George - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of St. George - Net Metering City of St. George - Net Metering City of St. George - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider City of St. George The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements, based on system size, for systems up to 10 megawatts (MW). Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. The net metering agreements currently available on the utility's web site only pertain to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reducing Dew and Frost on the Dames of Net Pyrradiometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to improve the accuracy of net radiation (Rn) measurements under conditions conducive to dew or frost deposition. Two nonventilated net pyrradiometers were mounted over grass during November and December 1986. A ...

S. M. McGinn; K. M. King; G. W. Thurtell

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Tennessee Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

383

Arkansas Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

384

Alabama Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

385

South Dakota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

386

Colorado Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

387

Wisconsin Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

388

Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

389

Nebraska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

390

Delaware Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

391

Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

392

Louisiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

393

South Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) South Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

394

Indiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

395

Washington Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

396

Nevada Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

397

Virginia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

398

Maine Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

399

Oregon Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

400

Idaho Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Connecticut Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

402

California Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

403

Missouri Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

404

Iowa Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

405

North Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

406

New Jersey Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

407

New Hampshire Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) New Hampshire Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

408

New Mexico Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

409

Georgia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

410

New York Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

411

Alaska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

412

Illinois Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

413

Pennsylvania Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

414

Maryland Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

415

Alaska Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 -380...

416

Achieving UC Merced's Triple Zero Commitment: Zero Net Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Achieving UC Merced's Triple Zero Commitment: Zero Net Energy, Zero Landfill Waste, and Zero Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2020 Speaker(s): John Elliott Date: May 14, 2012 -...

417

DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Net Metering | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Net Metering DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Net Metering June 25, 2014 11:00AM EDT https:www1.gotomeeting.comregister...

418

net zero | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

44 44 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142229644 Varnish cache server net zero Home Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 Living Walls ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid Wind Much of the discussion surrounding green buildings centers around reducing

419

Definition: Net Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interchange Schedule Interchange Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net Interchange Schedule The algebraic sum of all Interchange Schedules with each Adjacent Balancing Authority.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Adjacent Balancing Authority, Interchange, Interchange Schedule, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Net_Interchange_Schedule&oldid=502531" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

420

Total Blender Net Input of Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Input Input Product: Total Input Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases Pentanes Plus Liquid Petroleum Gases Normal Butane Isobutane Other Liquids Oxygenates/Renewables Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Renewable Fuels (incl. Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Unfinished Oils (net) Unfinished Oils, Naphthas and Lighter Unfinished Oils, Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Unfinished Oils, Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Components (MGBC) (net) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated - RBOB MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB for Blending w/ Ether MGBC - Reformulated, GTAB MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional, CBOB MGBC - Conventional, GTAB MGBC - Other Conventional Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Available Shell Storage Capacity by PAD District as of September 30, 2013 Net Available Shell Storage Capacity by PAD District as of September 30, 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity In Operation Idle 1 In Operation Idle 1 In Operation Idle 1 In Operation Idle 1 In Operation Idle 1 In Operation Idle 1 Refineries Crude Oil 17,334 831 21,870 1,721 86,629 3,468 4,655 174 39,839 1,230 170,327 7,424 Fuel Ethanol 174 - 175 1 289 - 134 - 92 - 864 1 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases 2 1,267 23 11,599 382 28,865 78 641 19 2,412 23 44,784 525 Propane/Propylene (dedicated)

422

Overcoming Net Metering and Interconnection Objections: New Jersey MSR Partnership  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet explains how the New Jersey MSR Partnership successfully revised net metering rules to make solar installations easier.

Not Available

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Net Withdrawals of Liquefied Natural Gas from Storage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Positive net ...

424

New Report Identifies Strategies to Achieve Net-Zero Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Report Identifies Strategies to Achieve Net-Zero Energy Homes. From NIST Tech Beat: May 14, 2013. ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

425

Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility (NZERTF) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NZERTF). NIST Unveils Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility to Improve Testing of Energy-Efficient Technologies. Welcome. ...

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

426

Broadband Model Performance for an Updated National Solar Radiation Database in the United States of America: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Updated review of broadband model performance in a project being done to update the existing United States National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S.; Marion, W.; George, R.; Anderberg, M.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Method for net-shaping using aerogels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Ashey, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Sriram, Chunangad S. (Indianapolis, IN); Harris, Thomas M. (Tulsa, OK)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A SIMPLIFIED ZOOPLANKTON-NET COD-END  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SI PLIFIE ND ASSE BLY Z OPLAN T N-NET COD-EN . FSIMPLIFIED ZOOPLANKTON~NET COD~END CoPo Duncan December TWO-A Simplified Zooplankton Net Cod-end by C.P. Duncan Marine

Duncan, C.P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Practices in State Net Metering Policies and InterconnectionRenewable Energy). “Map of Net Metering Policies”, Net Metering to Residential Customers in

Darghouth, Naim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Net-baryon-, net-proton-, and net-charge kurtosis in heavy-ion collisions within a relativistic transport approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the potential of net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis measurements to investigate the properties of hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Contrary to calculations in a grand canonical ensemble we explicitly take into account exact electric and baryon charge conservation on an event-by-event basis. This drastically limits the width of baryon fluctuations. A simple model to account for this is to assume a grand-canonical distribution with a sharp cut-off at the tails. We present baseline predictions of the energy dependence of the net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis for central ($b\\leq 2.75$ fm) Pb+Pb/Au+Au collisions from $E_{lab}=2A$ GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from the UrQMD model. While the net-charge kurtosis is compatible with values around zero, the net-baryon number decreases to large negative values with decreasing beam energy. The net-proton kurtosis becomes only slightly negative for low $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

Marlene Nahrgang; Tim Schuster; Michael Mitrovski; Reinhard Stock; Marcus Bleicher

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

Long Island Power Authority - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Long Island Power Authority - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Solar Program Info State New York Program Type Net Metering Provider Long Island Power Authority : Note: In October 2012 the LIPA Board of Trustees adopted changes to the utility's net metering tariff that permit remote net metering for non-residential solar and wind energy systems, and farm-based biogas and wind energy systems. It also adopted a measure to increase the aggregate net metering cap for solar, agricultural biogas, residential micro-CHP and

432

Montana Electric Cooperatives - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Cooperatives - Net Metering Electric Cooperatives - Net Metering Montana Electric Cooperatives - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Net Metering Provider Montana Electric Cooperatives' Association The Montana Electric Cooperatives' Association (MECA) adopted model interconnection guidelines in 2001 and a revised net-metering policy in September 2008. Net metering is available in whole or part by most of the 26 electric cooperatives in Montana. A map of the service areas of each of member cooperative is available on the MECA web site. To determine if a specific cooperative offers net metering, view the MECA

433

Farmington Electric Utility System - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farmington Electric Utility System - Net Metering Farmington Electric Utility System - Net Metering Farmington Electric Utility System - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Net Metering Provider Farmington Electric Utility System Net metering rules developed by the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC) apply to the state's investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives. Municipal utilities, which are not regulated by the commission, are exempt from the PRC rules but authorized to develop their own net metering programs. Farmington Electric, a municipal utility, offers net metering to residential customers with systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity.

434

SCE&G - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCE&G - Net Metering SCE&G - Net Metering SCE&G - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Net Metering In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement signed by the individual interveners, the Office of Regulatory Staff and the three investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The order detailed the terms of net metering, including ownership of RECs, in South Carolina and standardized

435

Modeling broadband X-ray absorption of massive star winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a method for computing the net transmission of X-rays emitted by shock-heated plasma distributed throughout a partially optically thick stellar wind from a massive star. We find the transmission by an exact integration of the formal solution, assuming the emitting plasma and absorbing plasma are mixed at a constant mass ratio above some minimum radius, below which there is assumed to be no emission. This model is more realistic than either the slab absorption associated with a corona at the base of the wind or the exospheric approximation that assumes all observed X-rays are emitted without attenuation from above the radius of optical depth unity. Our model is implemented in XSPEC as a pre-calculated table that can be coupled to a user-defined table of the wavelength dependent wind opacity. We provide a default wind opacity model that is more representative of real wind opacities than the commonly used neutral ISM tabulation. Preliminary modeling of \\textit{Chandra} grating data indicates that the ...

Leutenegger, Maurice A; Zsargó, Janos; Martell, Erin M; MacArthur, James P; Owocki, Stanley P; Gagné, Marc; Hillier, D John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

A user centred approach to determining the impact of faster broadband on small and medium sized enterprises  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores, through interviews with a small number of users, the potential impact of faster broadband speeds on UK based small and medium sized enterprises. The paper describes the actions taken to ameliorate the risk of drawing conclusions ... Keywords: SME, broadband, framework, human centred design, user experience

Doug Williams, Andy Gower, Joshan Meenowa, Jon Wakeling

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The OntoWordNet Project: extension and axiomatization of conceptual relations in WordNet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results provide us with the conviction that a research program aiming to obtain a consistent, modularized are interpreted according to a formal semantics that tells us something about the way we use a lexical item for the primitives used to export WordNet information into an ontology, and a methodology that explains how Word

Navigli, Roberto

438

Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer���¢��������s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Broadband Cable Access Networks: The HFC Plant, 3rd Ed edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book focuses on broadband distribution and systems architecture and concentrates on practical concepts that will allow the reader to do their own design, improvement, and troubleshooting work. The objective is to enhance the skill sets of a large ... Keywords: Data Transmission Systems, Networking

David Large; James Farmer

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Analysis of Broadband Solar Radiation and Albedo over the Ocean Surface at COVE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–ocean radiative transfer model has been applied to analyze a full year of broadband solar irradiances (up and down) measured over an ocean site 25 km east of the coast of Virginia in the Atlantic. The coupled model treats ...

Zhonghai Jin; Thomas P. Charlock; Ken Rutledge

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Estimating fish orientation from broadband, limited-angle, multiview, acoustic reflections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating fish orientation from broadband, limited-angle, multiview, acoustic reflections Jules S recorded from lateral views of juvenile fish can be used to infer animal orientation. Cali- brated acoustic data were recorded from live fish in a laboratory, while orientation was measured simultaneously via

Jaffe, Jules

442

Coded excitation of broadband terahertz using optical rectification in poled lithium niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coded excitation of broadband terahertz using optical rectification in poled lithium niobate T optical rectification of femtosecond laser pulses in poled lithium niobate patterned with a 53-bit binary forms can be generated by optical rectification in poled lithium niobate PLN . A femtosecond laser pulse

Buma, Takashi

443

When the price is right: enabling time-dependent pricing of broadband data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an era of 108% annual growth in demand for mobile data and $10/GB overage fees, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) are experiencing severe congestion and in turn are hurting consumers with aggressive pricing measures. But smarter practices, such as ... Keywords: broadband access pricing, dynamic pricing, economics, mobile application interface, time- and usage-based pricing

Soumya Sen, Carlee Joe-Wong, Sangtae Ha, Jasika Bawa, Mung Chiang

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Future Generations of Mobile Communications Based on Broadband Access Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forthcoming mobile communication systems are expected to provide much variety of services from high quality voice to high definition videos through high data rate wireless channels at anywhere in the world. High data rate requires broad ... Keywords: 4G, HAPS, ITS, broadband access, mobile communications

Shingo Ohmori; Yasushi Yamao; Nobuo Nakajima

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Accelerating agent-based ecosystem models using the cell broadband engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates how the parallel streaming capabilities of the Cell Broadband Engine can be used to speed up a class of agent-based plankton models generated from a domain-specific model compiler called the Virtual Ecology Workbench (VEW). We ...

Michael Lange; Tony Field

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Cloudy Sky Version of Bird's Broadband Hourly Clear Sky Model (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on Bird's Broadband Hourly Clear Sky Model given by NREL's Daryl Myers at SOLAR 2006. The objective of this report is to produce ''all sky'' modeled hourly solar radiation. This is based on observed cloud cover data using a SIMPLE model.

Myers, D.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Grays Harbor PUD - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering Grays Harbor PUD - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Net Metering Provider Grays Harbor PUD Grays Harbor PUD's net-metering program differs slightly from what is required by Washington state law in that Grays Harbor PUD reimburses customers for net excess generation (NEG), at the end of each year, at 50% of the utility's retail rate. State law allows utilities to require customers to surrender NEG to the utility, without reimbursement, at the end of a 12-month billing cycle. Grays Harbor PUD has voluntarily gone

448

City of New Orleans - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of New Orleans - Net Metering City of New Orleans - Net Metering City of New Orleans - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Net Metering Provider City Council Utilities Regulatory Office In May 2007, the New Orleans City Council adopted net-metering rules that are similar to rules adopted by the Louisiana Public Service Commission (PSC) in November 2005. The City Council's rules require Entergy New Orleans, an investor-owned utility regulated by the city, to offer net metering to customers with systems that generate electricity using solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, geothermal or biomass resources. Fuel

449

Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider Murray City Power Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10 kilowatts (kW).* The utility will install and maintain a revenue meter capable of registering the bi-directional flow of electricity at the customer's facility. Any customer net excess generation (NEG) is carried over to the customer's next bill as a kilowatt-hour credit. Each April, any remaining NEG credits are

450

City of Brenham - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Brenham - Net Metering City of Brenham - Net Metering City of Brenham - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Wind Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Texas Program Type Net Metering Provider City of Brenham In September 2010, the City of Brenham passed an ordinance adopting net metering and interconnection procedures. Customer generators up to 10 megawatts (MW) are eligible to participate, although customer generators with systems 20 kilowatts (kW) or less are eligible for a separate rider and expedited interconnection. The utility will install and maintain a meter capable of measuring flow of electricity in both directions. Any net

451

A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

R. D. Bateson

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source SaskPower State Saskatchewan Program Type Net Metering Provider SaskPower Residents, farms and businesses with approved Environmental Preferred Technologies of up to 100 kilowatts (kW) of nominal (nameplate) generating capacity can deliver their excess electricity to our electrical grid. SaskPower will pay a one-time rebate, equivalent to 20% of eligible costs to a maximum payment of $20,000, for an approved and grid interconnected net metering project. The Net Metering Rebate is available to SaskPower, Saskatoon Light and Power and City of Swift Current electricity customers

453

Washington City Power - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington City Power - Net Metering Washington City Power - Net Metering Washington City Power - Net Metering < Back Eligibility General Public/Consumer Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider Washington City Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems or wind-energy systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. At the customer's expense, the municipal utility will provide a single, bidirectional meter to measure the in-flow and out-flow of electricity at the customer's home. Systems are restricted to being sized to provide no more than 120% of the historic maximum monthly energy consumption of the

454

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Program Type Net Metering In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy system up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In July 2009, the legislature passed Act 7075 that raised the capacity limits to 20 kW for residential systems, 100 kW for commercial systems, and 500 kW for public (which includes government, schools, hospitals). The aggregate capacity limit of all net-metered systems is five megawatts

455

FrameNet, current collaborations and future goals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will focus on recent and near-term future developments at FrameNet (FN) and the interoperability issues they raise. We begin by discussing the current state of the Berkeley FN database including major changes in the data format for the latest ... Keywords: Corpus, Crowdsourcing, Frame semantics, FrameNet, Lexical resource, Lexical semantics interoperability, Lexicon, Semantic role, Thematic role, WordNet

Collin F. Baker

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NREL: TroughNet - Data and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data and Resources Data and Resources This site features data and resources about parabolic trough power plant technology, including: Industry partners U.S. power plant data Solar data Models and tools System and component testing Also see our publications on parabolic trough power plants. Printable Version TroughNet Home Technologies Market & Economic Assessment Research & Development Data & Resources Industry Partners Power Plant Data Solar Data Models & Tools System & Component Testing FAQs Workshops Publications Email Updates Did you find what you needed? Yes 1 No 0 Thank you for your feedback. Would you like to take a moment to tell us how we can improve this page? Submit We value your feedback. Thanks! We've received your feedback. Something went wrong. Please try again later.

457

NREL: TroughNet - Email Updates - Subscribe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email Updates - Subscribe Email Updates - Subscribe Subscribe to receive email updates about parabolic trough technology, including: Status on R&D and deployment projects Workshops and other events New publications New data and resources. Please provide and submit the following information. Name (first & last): Organization/Affiliation: Email Address: Submit Clear Form Unsubscribe Printable Version TroughNet Home Technologies Market & Economic Assessment Research & Development Data & Resources FAQs Workshops Publications Email Updates Did you find what you needed? Yes 1 No 0 Thank you for your feedback. Would you like to take a moment to tell us how we can improve this page? Submit We value your feedback. Thanks! We've received your feedback. Something went wrong. Please try again later.

458

Power System Monitoring Using Petri Net Embeddings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A failure in a power transmission line causes a number of circuit breakers to activate in an eort to isolate the failure and prevent it from corrupting the rest of the power system. Based on information from these physically distributed protective devices, a central controller needs to quickly identify and locate the failure. The task becomes challenging due to the complexity of modern power transmission networks and due to the possibility of multiple sensor failures or incorrect operation of protective devices. In this paper we investigate a solution to this problem using Petri net models. Our approach is attractive because it allows concurrent/incremental processing of the information that arrives at the controller and because it requires only simple calculations (linear checks) during execution time. Most reasoning is implicitly performed at design time, which gives our method an important edge for real-time monitoring. Furthermore, these same techniques can potentially handle mult...

C. N. Hadjicostis; G. C. Verghese

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

StreamNet; 1999 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), US Department of Energy, as part of BPA's program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife affected by the development and operation of hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries. The views of this report are the author's and do not necessarily represent the views of BPA. This annual report covers progress made by: Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission Idaho; Department of Fish and Game; Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife; Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission; Shoshone-Bannock Tribes; US Fish and Wildlife Service; Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife; and FY1999 StreamNet Quickplan.

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

,"Utah Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","52013" ,"Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NIST Handbook 133 Checking the Net Contents of Packaged ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Determining the Net Contents of Compressed Gas in Cylinders ... The product will expand or contract based on a rise or fall in product temperature. ...

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

462

Particle Tracking and Simulation on the .NET Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to EPAC 2006 PARTICLE TRACKING AND SIMULATION ON THE .NET94720, USA Abstract Particle tracking and simulation studieswas measured using three tracking programs on a simplified

Nishimura, Hiroshi; Scarvie, Tom

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

NREL: Concentrating Solar Power Research - TroughNet Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Map TroughNet is a technical resource for evaluation of parabolic trough solar power plant technologies. Parabolic Trough Technology Parabolic trough solar technology offers...

464

,"Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

465

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: Net Zero...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

presentation will feature information on two communities that have developed net zero energy communities. U.C. Davis in California, and Kapolei in Hawaii. So let's just dive...

466

Fundamentals of Spark-Plasma Sintering: Applications to Net ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Net-shaping capabilities of spark-plasma sintering are analyzed both theoretically and experimentally. Modeling and experimentation are conducted for ...

467

Participation in electric net-metering programs increased sharply ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... they can usually enter into a net-metering agreement with their utility.

468

Sensor Net: Nuclear Installation Intrusion Detection in/near Water ...  

Sensor Net: Nuclear Installation Intrusion Detection in/near Water ... Computational Sciences & Engineering Div Licensing Contact SIMS, DAVID L UT-Battelle, LLC

469

TABLE 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, ... Quad Cities Generating Station River Bend San Onofre Seabrook Sequoyah South Texas Project St Lucie ...

470

,"Ohio Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013" ,"Release...

471

,"New Mexico Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New...

472

,"New York Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New...

473

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode...

474

,"South Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South...

475

,"New Jersey Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New...

476

,"New Hampshire Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New...

477

,"U.S. Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","7312013" ,"Next...

478

,"Alaska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska...

479

,"Connecticut Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

480

,"North Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "longwave broadband net" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Participation in electric net-metering programs increased ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... they can usually enter into a net-metering agreement with their utility.

482

North Carolina Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators North Carolina Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage...

483

Rhode Island Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators Rhode Island Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage...

484

South Carolina Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators South Carolina Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage...

485

New Jersey Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators New Jersey Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage...

486

,"Colorado Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013"...

487

,"Alabama Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas...

488

Project: Measuring Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measuring Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes Project. Summary: ... A key driver of energy use in residential buildings is occupant behavior. ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

489

Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John Barnett, Kari Burman, Josh Hambrick and Robert Westby Technical Report NREL...

490

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge from Other PADDs of Normal Butane-Butylene (Thousand Barrels per Day)

491

Canada Week: Natural gas net imports from Canada continue to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Net imports of natural gas from Canada have been falling for years. Rising shale gas production in the United States, especially in the Northeast, is ...

492

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Revision to Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of September 30, 2010 . Crude oil storage capacity data at tank farms reported for PAD District 2 and ...

493

Maritime Electric- Net Metering (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In December 2005 The Renewable Energy Act and associated Regulations came into effect. A Government policy objective incorporated in the Act was the introduction of net metering for...

494

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

It includes three tables detailing working and net available shell storage capacity by facility type, product, and PAD District as of September 30, 2010.

495

,"Michigan Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013"...

496

,"Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","52013" ,"Release...

497

Graded index and randomly oriented core-shell silicon nanowires with broadband and wide angle antireflection for photovoltaic cell applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antireflection with broadband and wide angle properties is important for a wide range of applications on photovoltaic cells and display. The SiOx shell layer provides a natural antireflection from air to the Si core absorption layer. In this work, we have demonstrated the random core-shell silicon nanowires with both broadband (from 400nm to 900nm) and wide angle (from normal incidence to 60\\degree) antireflection characteristics within AM1.5 solar spectrum. The graded index structure from the randomly oriented core-shell (Air/SiOx/Si) nanowires may provide a potential avenue to realize a broadband and wide angle antireflection layer.

Pignalosa, P; Qiao, L; Tseng, M; Yi, Yasha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

ARM - Datastreams - sirs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(SIRS): broadband shortwave and longwave radiation Active Dates 1997.03.04 - 2013.07.30 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Solar and Infrared Radiation...

499

Evaluation of Improved Pyrgeometer Calibration Method  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A. Gotseff, T. L. Stoffel, and C. Webb National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Abstract Broadband longwave (atmospheric) irradiance measurements are important for...

500

Optimization of Two-photon Excited Fluorescence Enhancement between Tunable and Broadband Femtosecond Laser Pulse Excitations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project explores optimization of two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) enhancement between tunable narrowband and un-tuned broadband femtosecond (fs) laser pulse excitations for two-photon microscopy (TPM). The research is conducted preliminarily in time domain and comprehensively in frequency domain to understand the physics behind TPEF enhancement by un-tuned sub-10 fs nearly transform-limited pulse (TLP) versus tunable 140 fs pulse. The preliminary study on inverse proportionality of TPEF yield to fs-pulse duration delimits a general lower-bound to narrowband fs-pulse regime (pulse duration > 40 fs) with assumption of dye-molecule frequency invariant response. Deviations from this inverse proportionality in broadband fs-pulse regime (pulse duration < 40 fs) highlights dye-molecule frequency variant response, necessity of group delay dispersion (GDD) compensation, and broadband TLP for TPEF enhancement. The follow-up comparative study is made on un-tuned sub-10 fs TLP versus tunable 140 fs pulse excitations using three dye-phantoms (Indo-1, FITC, and TRITC) representative of fluorescent probes with similar TPEF characteristics. The integrated experimental system, with custom-designed GDD compensation, dispersion-less laser-beam expanding and focusing, and compound-lens for efficient fluorescence collection with good spectral resolution, ensures accurate TPEF measurements. Differentiated TPEF enhancements of Indo-1 (1.6), FITC (6.7), and TRITC (5.2) proportionally agree with calculated ones due to the overlap of fs-pulse second harmonic (SH) power spectrum with dye-molecule two-photon excitation (TPE) spectrum. Physically speaking, with broadband sub-10 fs TLP readily involved in both degenerate (v1 = v2) and non-degenerate (v1 ? v2) two-photon absorption (TPA), this un-tuned ultrashort fs-pulse excitation simultaneously allows for more accessibility to TPA-associated final states and diversely promotes population of thus excited dye-molecules with the three dye-phantoms. Under environmental influences (mutual quenching through one-photon absorption(s) and solvent effect), multicolor TPEF enhancement observed from a mixture of the three dyes shows promise of sub-10 fs TLP as simultaneous excitation for multiple-dye labeled samples in contrast to compromised excitation with narrowband fs-pulse tuning. Both single- and multicolor TPEF enhancements clarify tradeoff between tunability of narrowband fs-pulse and un-tuned broadband fs-pulse excitations, being instructive to further considerations on optimization of TPEF enhancement by strategic utilization of broadband fs-pulse for better performance of TPM.

Wang, Chao

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z