Sample records for london array limited

  1. London Array Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co LtdTNLianyungangLightingLiteratureArray

  2. Copyright 2005 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London, England)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright 2005 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London, England) July 11, 2005 Monday London Edition 1 SECTION: COMMENT; Pg. 19 LENGTH: 922 words HEADLINE: Hope and generosity can triumph, nudged the world closer to this prospect. With the backdrop of the bombs in London, the Gleneagles

  3. PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD LONDON N16 7EJ UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD · LONDON N16 7EJ · UNITED KINGDOM GIFT AID DECLARATION Registered Office Address -- 16 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7EG Princeton Charitable Foundation

  4. Copyright 2003 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright 2003 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England) October 15, 2003, Wednesday London Edition 1 SECTION: COMMENT; Pg. 21 LENGTH: 1116 words HEADLINE: The world must not let

  5. Copyright 1999 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright 1999 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England) May 5, 1999, Wednesday LONDON EDITION 1 SECTION: COMMENT & ANALYSIS; Pg. 24 HEADLINE: A cure for indifference PERSONAL VIEW

  6. Thickness dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation. Thickness dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays by nanosecond pulsed...

  7. Report on a Fatal Accident and Fire at the West London Terminal of Esso Petroleum Company Limited on 1st April, 1967 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, H. K.

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A12.P46 Report on a Fatal Accident and Fire at the West London Terminal of Esso Petroleum Company Limited on 1st April, 1967...

  8. Absence of the London limit for the first-order phase transition to a color superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge L. Noronha; Hai-cang Ren; Ioannis Giannakis; Defu Hou; Dirk H. Rischke

    2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effects of gauge-field fluctuations on the free energy of a homogeneous color superconductor in the color-flavor-locked (CFL) phase. Gluonic fluctuations induce a strong first-order phase transition, in contrast to electronic superconductors where this transition is weakly first order. The critical temperature for this transition is larger than the one corresponding to the diquark pairing instability. The physical reason is that the gluonic Meissner masses suppress long-wavelength fluctuations as compared to the normal conducting phase where gluons are massless, which stabilizes the superconducting phase. In weak coupling, we analytically compute the temperatures associated with the limits of metastability of the normal and superconducting phases, as well as the latent heat associated with the first-order phase transition. We then extrapolate our results to intermediate densities and numerically evaluate the temperature of the fluctuation-induced first-order phase transition, as well as the discontinuity of the diquark condensate at the critical point. We find that the London limit of magnetic interactions is absent in color superconductivity.

  9. The compact Q=2 Abelian Higgs model in the London limit: vortex-monopole chains and the photon propagator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. N. Chernodub; R. Feldmann; E. -M. Ilgenfritz; A. Schiller

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The confining and topological properties of the compact Abelian Higgs model with doubly-charged Higgs field in three space-time dimensions are studied. We consider the London limit of the model. We show that the monopoles are forming chain-like structures (kept together by ANO vortices) the presence of which is essential for getting simultaneously permanent confinement of singly-charged particles and breaking of the string spanned between doubly-charged particles. In the confinement phase the chains are forming percolating clusters while in the deconfinement (Higgs) phase the chains are of finite size. The described picture is in close analogy with the synthesis of the Abelian monopole and the center vortex pictures in confining non--Abelian gauge models. The screening properties of the vacuum are studied by means of the photon propagator in the Landau gauge.

  10. Array-based Proteomics Gerald Walter, Biorchard Limited, c/o Cornupia Capital Ltd, London, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konthur, Zoltán

    to data integration including all steps from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing to functional assays data with clinical, population and environmental informa- tion. The collection and organization attachment, glass surfaces are pretreated by coating with polyacrylamide or a dextran matrix, aminosilyation

  11. Dong Energy London Array Limited Formerly known as CORE Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy OffshoreDeveloper - Q & A HomeDifko

  12. Sub-10 nm Self-Enclosed Self-Limited Nanofluidic Channel Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sub-10 nm Self-Enclosed Self-Limited Nanofluidic Channel Arrays Qiangfei Xia, Keith J. Morton report a new method to fabricate self-enclosed optically transparent nanofluidic channel arrays with sub. Here we propose and demonstrate a new method to fabricate enclosed optically transparent nanofluidic

  13. Continuum limits of bistable spring models of carbon nanotube arrays accounting for material damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Blesgen; F. Fraternali; J. R. Raney; A. Amendola; C. Daraio

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Using chains of bistable springs, a model is derived to investigate the plastic behavior of carbon nanotube arrays with damage. We study the preconditioning effect due to the loading history by computing analytically the stress-strain pattern corresponding to a fatigue-type damage of the structure. We identify the convergence of the discrete response to the limiting case of infinitely many springs, both analytically in the framework of Gamma-convergence, as well as numerically.

  14. Imperial College London ChBE London Summer Program 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Imperial College London ChBE London Summer Program 2015 (June 28­July 31, 2015) 6 credit hours has taught the London Program twice and GTL twice. Deadline for first payment ($500) with application

  15. Limits on Primordial Black Hole evaporation with the H.E.S.S. array of Cherenkov telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glicenstein, J-F; Vivier, M; Herr, T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data collected by the H.E.S.S. array between 2004 and 2012 have been used to search for photon bursts from primordial black hole explosions. Bursts were searched for in a 30 second time-window. The duration of the search window has been optimized to increase the burst signal while keeping the statistical background low. No evidence for a burst signal was found. Preliminary upper limits on the local rate of PBH explosions of $1.4\\times 10^{4} {pc}^{-3} {yr}^{-1}$ have been obtained, which improve previously published limits by almost an order of magnitude

  16. Why not have a gap year at a US university....in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    Why not have a gap year at a US university....in London Sarah Ebner July 20 2012 8:35 AM GET SENT a Gap Year Semester at their London centre. By opening its doors to school leavers based in the UK (and a limited number of exceptional sixth form students), SU London is enabling students to try out the American

  17. Field programmable gate array-assigned complex-valued computation and its limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard-Schwarz, Maria, E-mail: maria.bernardschwarz@ni.com [National Instruments, Ganghoferstrasse 70b, 80339 Munich (Germany); Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8, 1040 Wien (Austria); Zwick, Wolfgang; Klier, Jochen [National Instruments, Ganghoferstrasse 70b, 80339 Munich (Germany); Wenzel, Lothar [National Instruments, 11500 N MOPac Expy, Austin, Texas 78759 (United States); Gröschl, Martin [Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8, 1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss how leveraging Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology as part of a high performance computing platform reduces latency to meet the demanding real time constraints of a quantum optics simulation. Implementations of complex-valued operations using fixed point numeric on a Virtex-5 FPGA compare favorably to more conventional solutions on a central processing unit. Our investigation explores the performance of multiple fixed point options along with a traditional 64 bits floating point version. With this information, the lowest execution times can be estimated. Relative error is examined to ensure simulation accuracy is maintained.

  18. UNIVERSITYOF LONDON UNIVERSITYCOLLEGELONDON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    UNIVERSITYOF LONDON UNIVERSITYCOLLEGELONDON The Role of Small Scale Enterprises in Reducing Poverty to reduce poverty and unemployment in the countries of the developing world. According to World Bank estimates, about Ij 15million people in the developing world lived in poverty in 1985. This represented

  19. ADVANCES IN THE RXTE PROPORTIONAL COUNTER ARRAY CALIBRATION: NEARING THE STATISTICAL LIMIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaposhnikov, Nikolai [CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Jahoda, Keith; Markwardt, Craig; Swank, Jean; Strohmayer, Tod, E-mail: nikolai.v.shaposhnikov@nasa.gov [Astrophysics Science Division, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During its 16 years of service, the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) mission has provided an extensive archive of data, which will serve as a primary source of high cadence observations of variable X-ray sources for fast timing studies. It is, therefore, very important to have the most reliable calibration of RXTE instruments. The Proportional Counter Array (PCA) is the primary instrument on board RXTE which provides data in 3-50 keV energy range with submillisecond time resolution in up to 256 energy channels. In 2009, the RXTE team revised the response residual minimization method used to derive the parameters of the PCA physical model. The procedure is based on the residual minimization between the model spectrum for Crab Nebula emission and a calibration data set consisting of a number of spectra from the Crab and the on-board Am{sub 241} calibration source, uniformly covering the whole RXTE mission operation period. The new method led to a much more effective model convergence and allowed for better understanding of the PCA energy-to-channel relationship. It greatly improved the response matrix performance. We describe the new version of the RXTE/PCA response generator PCARMF v11.7 (HEASOFT Release 6.7) along with the corresponding energy-to-channel conversion table (version e05v04) and their difference from the previous releases of PCA calibration. The new PCA response adequately represents the spectrum of the calibration sources and successfully predicts the energy of the narrow iron emission line in Cas-A throughout the RXTE mission.

  20. The London Gas Undertakings (Regulations) Act 1939 (Modification) Order 1965 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Fred

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 1965 No. 1560 LONDON GOVERNMENT The London Gas Undertakings (Regulations) Act 1939 (Modification) Order 1965...

  1. London's Equation from Abelian Projection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Dzhunushaliev; D. Singleton

    2002-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Confinement in non-Abelian gauge theories, such as QCD, is often explained using an analogy to type II superconductivity. In this analogy the existence of the ``Meissner'' effect for quarks with respect to the QCD vacuum is an important element. Here we show that using the ideas of Abelian projection it is possible to arrive at an effective London equation from a non-Abelian gauge theory. (London's equation gave a phenomenological description of the Meissner effect prior to the Ginzburg-Landau or BCS theory of superconductors). The Abelian projected gauge field acts as the E&M field in normal superconductivity, while the remaining non-Abelian components form a gluon condensate which is described via an effective scalar field. This effective scalar field plays a role similar to the scalar field in Ginzburg-Landau theory.

  2. New London | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppel WindNew Grid EnergyHarvestNewNewNewLondon

  3. London 2012 Infrastructure Design, Sustainability and Innovation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    February 2013 #12;#12;London 2012 Aspiration of a Sustainable Games #12;#12;Project Management , for both soil and groundwater treatment. As part of this work, we have managed the excavation and reuseLondon 2012 Infrastructure Design, Sustainability and Innovation, Inspiring an Industry

  4. Malaria Centre London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    Malaria Centre London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK October 2014 MalariaCentreReport2012-14LondonSchoolofHygiene&TropicalMedicine #12;#12;Contents Director;2 Director's message London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Despite being preventable and treatable

  5. U.S. Department of Energy Initiates New Outreach Efforts to Address...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in the international offshore wind industry, like the one pictured here at the London Array in the United Kingdom. Photo by London Array Limited Study Reveals Challenges...

  6. MalariaCentreReport2010-11LondonSchoolofHygiene&TropicalMedicine London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    MalariaCentreReport2010-11LondonSchoolofHygiene&TropicalMedicine London School of Hygiene Dessens; DTM&H students in laboratory 24 February 2011. Copyright London School of Hygiene & Tropical Publications 114 Members 130 Abbreviations 134 #12;2Director's Message London School of Hygiene & Tropical

  7. Relativistic theory of nuclear spin-rotation tensor with kinetically balanced rotational London orbitals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Yunlong; Zhang, Yong; Liu, Wenjian, E-mail: liuwjbdf@gmail.com [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, and Center for Computational Science and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Both kinetically balanced (KB) and kinetically unbalanced (KU) rotational London orbitals (RLO) are proposed to resolve the slow basis set convergence in relativistic calculations of nuclear spin-rotation (NSR) coupling tensors of molecules containing heavy elements [Y. Xiao and W. Liu, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 134104 (2013)]. While they perform rather similarly, the KB-RLO Ansatz is clearly preferred as it ensures the correct nonrelativistic limit even with a finite basis. Moreover, it gives rise to the same “direct relativistic mapping” between nuclear magnetic resonance shielding and NSR coupling tensors as that without using the London orbitals [Y. Xiao, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 10, 600 (2014)].

  8. Magnetic arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trumper, D.L.; Kim, W.; Williams, M.E.

    1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Electromagnet arrays are disclosed which can provide selected field patterns in either two or three dimensions, and in particular, which can provide single-sided field patterns in two or three dimensions. These features are achieved by providing arrays which have current densities that vary in the windings both parallel to the array and in the direction of array thickness. 12 figs.

  9. Copyright 2002 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London, England)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Argentina's capacity to abuse, manipulate, freeze, confiscate and periodically replace the national currency. Furthermore, the public will respond to red-meat populism. Argentina's need for international support in debt

  10. Automating journey fare calculation for transport for London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Joshua J. (Joshua John)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a method to automate journey fare calculation for Transport for London. Today, fares for every possible origin-destination station pair within the London Underground are prepared manually based on the ...

  11. Diffraction-limited ultrasensitive molecular nano-arrays with singular nano-cone Yunshan Wang, Ting-Chou Chang, Paul R. Stoddart, and Hsueh-Chia Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Hsueh-Chia

    Wang, Ting-Chou Chang, Paul R. Stoddart, and Hsueh-Chia Chang Citation: Biomicrofluidics 8, 021101-arrays with singular nano-cone scattering Yunshan Wang,1 Ting-Chou Chang,1 Paul R. Stoddart,2 and Hsueh-Chia Chang1 1

  12. ROYAL HOLLOWAY University of London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    correlation between entry tariff score and degree performance); however this cannot be definitively proved using the limited methodology deployed, and in any case, tariff scores are only available for students

  13. Clinical Trials Unit King's College London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Clinical Trials Unit King's College London Caroline Murphy, CTU Manager History of the Clinical's · The Clinical Trials Unit has been awarded full registration by the UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC) and is the only fully UKCRC registered Clinical Trials Unit across King's Health Partners (KHP) UKCRC Registration

  14. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON CORPORATE PLANNING STATEMENT 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Mark

    and fellowships and introduce new Awards scheme ! Prepare an over-arching UK/EU UCL student recruitment strategy and innovation ! independent thought ! integrity ! energy ! perseverance. We are committed ! to pursuit ! As London's Beacon of Public Engagement, produce and implement a strategy to embed engagement as a core

  15. Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty

  16. The King's College London HEI project Health, Environment and Reducing air pollution in London, combating cardio-respiratory illness,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    The King's College London HEI project ­ Health, Environment and Innovation Reducing air pollution & partners London suffers with the worst air pollution in the UK and some of poorest in Europe. Poor air of monitors to detect changes in London's air pollution levels. Having won the contract to operate the LEZ

  17. Random array grid collimator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, E.E.

    1980-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A hexagonally shaped quasi-random no-two-holes touching grid collimator. The quasi-random array grid collimator eliminates contamination from small angle off-axis rays by using a no-two-holes-touching pattern which simultaneously provides for a self-supporting array increasng throughput by elimination of a substrate. The presentation invention also provides maximum throughput using hexagonally shaped holes in a hexagonal lattice pattern for diffraction limited applications. Mosaicking is also disclosed for reducing fabrication effort.

  18. UCL CENTRE FOR ADVANCED SPATIAL ANALYSIS Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis University College London 1 -19 Torrington Place Gower St London WC1E 7HB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    London 1 - 19 Torrington Place Gower St London WC1E 7HB Tel: +44 (0)20 7679 1782 casa@ucl.ac.uk www://www.gisagents.blogspot.com Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT

  19. London School of Hygiene & Tropical The School is a world-leading centre for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine The School is a world-leading centre for research information Registry London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Keppel Street London WC1E 7HT UNITED KINGDOM

  20. Fermilab Today | Imperial College London Profile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruaryInThe, 2015AdsImperial College London

  1. London Climate Change Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan CityLiqcrytech LLCLiuzhouLoganLondon Climate

  2. Batteau, D. W. (1967). The role of the pinna in human localization. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London B) 158: 158180.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazzaro, John

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . (London B) 158: 158­180. de Boer, E. (1956). Pitch of inharmonic signals. Nature (London) 178: 535

  3. 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable,...

  4. LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL TERMS & CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE TERMS & CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS October 2003 #12 in accordance with these Terms and Conditions; · "School" shall mean the London School of Hygiene & Tropical of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine · "School Purchasing Officer" shall mean the Postholder, Mr Keith Flanders

  5. Logo guidelines University of East Anglia London Logo guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Logo guidelines 09.2009 #12;University of East Anglia London Logo guidelines 1 Design Philosophy to reflect the unique nature of the Study Centre. Reproduction of the logo with the word `LONDON and within the logo graphically, by the parent institution. These design elements establish a powerful

  6. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING LONDON CENTRE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING LONDON CENTRE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY Chair/Readership in Nanoelectronics/Nanophotonics Ref:1335861 UCL Department / Division: London Centre for Nanotechnology / Department of nanotechnology for electronics and/or photonics. The appointment will be at Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Reader

  7. The London Journal and its Authors, 1720-1723

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realey, Charles Bechdolt

    1935-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES, Vol. V, No. 3 The London Journal and Its Authors 1720-1723 The London Journal and Its Authors, 1720-1723 By CHARLES BECHDOLT REALEY Associate Professor of History University of Kansas UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS DEPARTMENT... OF JOURNALISM PRESS LAWRENCE, KANSAS 1935 COPYRIGHT, 1935 BY CHARLES 9. REALEY PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. The London Journal and Its Autkors 1720-1723 In September, 1720, the South Sea Bubble suddenly burst, and after a peaceful summer England was thrown...

  8. Using PDSF Job Arrays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using Job Arrays Using Job Arrays Job arrays have many advantages, including reduced load on the batch system, faster job submission, and easier job management. If you find...

  9. Localization in active incommensurate arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. V. Laptyeva; S. V. Denisov; G. V. Osipov; M. V. Ivanchenko

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a dissipationless linear lattice, spatial disorder or incommensurate modulation induce localization of the lattice eigenstates and block spreading of wave packets. Additionally, incommensurate arrays allow for the metal-insulator transition at a finite modulation amplitude already in one dimension. The addition of nonlinearity to the lattice Hamiltonian causes interaction between the eigenstates, which results in a slow packet spreading. We go beyond the dissipationless limit and consider nonlinear quasi-periodic arrays that are subjected to the dissipative losses and energy pumping. We find that there is a finite excitation of oscillations threshold in both metallic and insulating regimes. Moreover, excitation in the metallic and weakly insulating regime displays features of the second order phase transition to global oscillations, in contrast to disordered arrays. The Anderson attractor regime is recovered only in the limit of strong localization. The identified transition, and the further onset of chaos and synchronization can be potentially realized with polariton condensates lattices and cavity-QED arrays.

  10. PhD studentship in DNA biophysics Imperial College London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Heijden, Gert

    physics, electrochemistry, and functionalized interfaces for energy conversion/storage, optofluidic and nanomaterials, catalysis, supramolecular chemistry, sustainable energy and green chemistry. In terms of impactPhD studentship in DNA biophysics Imperial College London Department of Chemistry, Faculty

  11. Modeling of Travel Time Variations on Urban Links in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasan, Samiul

    An econometric framework was developed to combine data from various sources to identify the key factors contributing to travel time variations in Central London. Nonlinear latent variable regression models that explicitly ...

  12. Status of wake and array loss research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, D.L.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, many projects have evaluated wind turbine wake effects and resultant array losses in both Europe and the United States. This paper examines the status of current knowledge about wake effects and array losses and suggests future research. Single-turbine wake characteristics have been studied extensively and are generally described well by existing theoretical models. Field measurements of wake effects in wind turbine arrays are largely limited to small arrays, with 2 to 4 rows of turbines. Few data have been published on wake effects within large arrays. Measurements of wake deficits downwind of large arrays that deficits are substantially larger and extend farther downwind than expected. Although array design models have been developed, these models have been tested and verified using only limited data from a few rows of wind turbines in complex terrain, whereas some of the largest arrays have more than 40 rows of wind turbines. Planned cooperative efforts with the wind industry will obtain existing data relevant to analyzing energy deficits within large arrays and identifying data sets for potential use in array model verification efforts. Future research being considered include a cooperative research experiment to obtain more definitive data on wake deficits and turbulence within and downwind of large arrays. 16 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Adaptive array antenna design for wireless communication systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noordin, Nurul Hazlina

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive array antennas use has been limited to non-commercial applications due to their high cost and hardware complexity. The implementation cost of adaptive array antennas can be kept to a minimum by using cost effective ...

  14. Fundamental mode oscillation of a buried ridge waveguide laser array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukai, S.; Lindsey, C.; Katz, J.; Kapon, E.; Rav-Noy, Z.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1984-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An eight-element phase-locked array of index-guided separate confinement ridge AlGaAs diode lasers is fabricated. In this array the absorption of light in the region between lasers is negligible and the gain profile across the array is nearly uniform. Unlike most other arrays, this array oscillates in its fundamental mode. Stable radiation patterns of near diffraction-limited single narrow beam with 1.6/sup 0/ width are obtained. The beam width approaches the theoretical limit for the present array structure.

  15. ,Mega London` bezeichnet erstens das Entwurfsthema fr ein Gebude, in dem zwei Nutzungsprogramme hnlicher Gre Platz finden ein Megastore fr Sportartikel und ein Fitnesscenter fr Sportbegeisterte. ,Mega London` charakterisiert zweitens die Stand-ortwahl d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    ,Mega London` bezeichnet erstens das Entwurfsthema für ein Gebäude, in dem zwei Nutzungsprogramme. ,Mega London` charakterisiert zweitens die Stand- ortwahl ­ das Projektgebiet ,Royal Albert Dock` ist ein wichtiger Entwicklungsbereich im Londoner Osten. Der hier betrachtete Bereich zeigt die

  16. Job Arrays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your Home as Ready for(SC) Jetting into theJieJob Arrays Job

  17. Shock-less interactions of ablation streams in tungsten wire array z-pinches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swadling, G. F.; Lebedev, S. V.; Hall, G. N.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.; Burdiak, G.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Bland, S. N.; De Grouchy, P.; Khoory, E.; Pickworth, L.; Skidmore, J.; Suttle, L. [The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)] [The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Shock-less dynamics were observed during the ablation phase in tungsten wire array experiments carried out on the 1.4 MA, 240 ns MAGPIE generator at Imperial College London. This behaviour contrasts with the shock structures which were seen to dominate in previous experiments on aluminium arrays [Swadling et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 022705 (2013)]. In this paper, we present experimental results and make comparisons both with calculations of the expected mean free paths for collisions between the ablation streams and with previously published Thomson scattering measurements of the plasma parameters in these arrays [Harvey-Thompson et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 056303 (2012)].

  18. LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    1 LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000 REQUEST help. NB. The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine has the right to ask for clarification

  19. Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy to Participate in London Energy Ministers Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy Jeffrey Kupfer will travel to London, England this week to participate in the London Energy Ministers Meeting-a follow-up to the Jeddah Energy...

  20. Tuesday Sep 13 2005 . All times are London time. Home UK Print article | Email article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuesday Sep 13 2005 . All times are London time. Sign up Userna Passw Home UK Print article | Email & analysis Technology Business life Your money Arts & Weekend In depth Hurricane London terror German

  1. Computerising gentlemen: the automation of the London Stock Exchange, c. 1945-1995 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pardo-Guerra, Juan Pablo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation concerns the development of market information technologies in the London Stock Exchange, c. 1945-1992. Based on archival research in London, Cambridge and Edinburgh, and 20 semistructured interviews ...

  2. Residential fabric as a memorable city form : a study of West London and Bath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalal, Pradeep

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis explores the idea of an 'intermediate order' in city form, one that lies between texture and monument, as an attempt to explain the form of London. Unlike Paris, London does not have a grand order of boulevards, ...

  3. London School of Economics and Political Science | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan CityLiqcrytech LLCLiuzhouLoganLondonLondon

  4. FMRI BOLD Cerebellar Activation of First-episode Schizophrenia Patients during the Tower of London Task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    FMRI BOLD Cerebellar Activation of First-episode Schizophrenia Patients during the Tower of London difficulty (number of moves) when performing the Tower of London task. Left Figure: Example of a Tower Tower of London problem. (Yellow labels are for the purpose of illustration only and did not appear

  5. Building the London Cycle Network Plus (LCN+) Steve Cardno LCN+ Project Manager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Building the London Cycle Network Plus (LCN+) Steve Cardno ­ LCN+ Project Manager The Story So Far #12;Background to LCN+ London Cycling Design Standards (key principles) Project Management of the LCN+ Network Assessment Project Examples Lessons Learned Other Cycling Infrastructure Projects in London Ideas

  6. Charles Booth’s Policemen: Crime, Police and Community in Jack-the-Ripper’s London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Victor

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Exploiting the vast archive that Charles Booth amassed for his leviathan social investigation to explore the social order of London¹s East End, Life and Labour of the People in London, this volume takes issue with this answer. The East End was notorious as a...

  7. Timber shapes the future | This is London Timber shapes the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timber shapes the future | This is London Timber shapes the future By David Spittles 02.10.03 Add Fire of London, but nearly 350 years later, a refined version is staging a comeback. Increasingly, wood;Timber shapes the future | This is London Until a few years ago, timber-frame construction was a cottage

  8. UCSF School of Pharmacy and King's College London embark on international partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soloveichik, David

    UCSF School of Pharmacy and King's College London embark on international partnership March 21, 2014 The UC San Francisco School of Pharmacy and the King's College London Institute of Pharmaceutical at the UCSF School of Pharmacy · Professor Clive Page at the King's College London Institute of Pharmaceutical

  9. University of London Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    1 University of London Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Computing material in the maternal bloodstream. #12;3 Dedicated to B. W. To invent, you need a good imagination on thesis structure, and to Justin Cormack and Sarah Talbot for careful proof-reading. I thank my parents

  10. Erfahrungsbericht University of North London Von Sandra Kaptein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Infos und kannst Dir das Student Application Form, das Accomodation Application Form und das Learning Seite http://www.unl.ac.uk/accommodation/ den Prospekt "Accomodation, A Guide to the Halls of Residence Accomodation Application Form musste bis 10.August in London sein, da mir sonst kein Platz im Studentenwohnheim

  11. 2012-2013 Handbook Trinity College London Certificate in Teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    1 2012-2013 Handbook Trinity College London Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other information 37 #12;3 Dear Student Welcome to your Trinity Certificate course in Teaching English to Speakers chosen field ­ but with a professional qualification as well. The Trinity Cert TESOL is well recognised

  12. State Reaction to Kelo v. City of New London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Erin Elena

    2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled in Kelo v. City of New London that government use of eminent domain laws to promote economic development was allowed under the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The Court’s majority emphasized, however...

  13. Reliability of the Heitler-London approach for the exchange coupling between electrons in semiconductor nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Saraiva; M. J. Calderon; Belita Koiller

    2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the exchange coupling J between electrons in a double-well potential in a two-dimensional semiconductor environment within the Heitler-London (HL) approach. Two functional forms are considered for the double-well potential. We show that by choosing an appropriate and relatively simple single-electron variational wave function it is possible, within the HL approach, to significantly improve the estimates for J. In all cases the present scheme overcomes the artifacts and limitations at short interdot distances, previously attributed to the HL method, where unphysical triplet ground states have been found, and leads to an overall agreement with analytic interpolated expressions for J obtained for a donor-type model potential.

  14. Nanotubular metalinsulatormetal capacitor arrays for energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Nanotubular metal­insulator­metal capacitor arrays for energy storage Parag Banerjee1,2 , Israel be possible to scale devices fabricated with this approach to make viable energy storage systems that provide, with speeds limited only by external circuit RCs. However, energy storage is limited because only surface

  15. Chirped arrays of diode lasers for supermode control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapon, E.; Lindsey, C.; Katz, J.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose nonuniform structures of phase-locked diode lasers, which make it possible to discriminate efficiently against all the higher order array supermodes (lateral modes). In these nonuniform arrays, the effective mode index in each channel varies across the array. Consequently, the envelopes of the various supermodes, including the highest order one, differ significantly from each other. Thus, by proper tailoring of the gain distribution across the array, one can conveniently select the fundamental supermode. Such fundamental supermode oscillation is essential in order to obtain single lobe, diffraction limited beams and minimal spectral spread from phase-locked laser arrays.

  16. A review of "The Jewel House. Elizabethan London and the Scientific Revolution" by Deborah Harkness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cormack, Lesley B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    collection as informative and ambitious as this one deserved better copy-editing. Deborah Harkness. The Jewel House. Elizabethan London and the Scientific Revolution. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2007. xxii + 349 pp. + 20 b&w illus. $32..., but with a very different focus. Instead of concentrating on the canonical figures, Harkness focused on the social history of London inhabitants, and by doing so she changes the shape of the scientific revolution completely. No longer was this an elite...

  17. A review of "London's News Press and the Thirty Years War" by Jayne E. E. Boys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenspan, Nicole

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    self-representation and animal representation? Reading this book will give you some answers but it will also increase the number of questions. Jayne E. E. Boys. London?s News Press and the #31;irty Years War. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2011. x + 338 pp.... $99.00. Review by #29;#22;#17;#24;#30;#31; #6;#25;#31;#31;#29;#21;#3;#28;#29;, #16;#28;#7;#3;#8;#31;#29;-#21;#26;#8;#29;#31;#26; #17;#24;#30;#30;#31;#6;#31;. With London?s News Press and the #31;irty Years War, Jayne Boys builds upon the growing...

  18. Sloshing on London Eye: videos data --April 15, 2010--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Tom

    Sloshing on London Eye: videos data -- April 15, 2010-- 1 Video 1 The input data for the video 1 = Ct + 0 . The initial conditions are u (x, 0) = 0 , h (x, 0) = h0 . (1.3) 2 Video 2 The input data for the video 2 are: L = 1.0 m, r = 1.2 m, h0 = 0.17 m, x = 0.01 m, t = 0.01 sec, 1 4.057 rad/sec, r = 0.0 , d1

  19. London, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners andLodgepole, Nebraska: EnergyLomita, California: EnergyandLondon,

  20. London Climate Change Service Providers Group LCCSPG | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan CityLiqcrytech LLCLiuzhouLoganLondon

  1. New London, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR)NevisInformationCounty, Connecticut:London,

  2. Int J Adv Manuf Technol (2001) 17:196203 2001 Springer-Verlag London Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Y. Lawrence

    line energy. When the scanning velocity (as well as the laser power) increases proportionally, the bend line energy, that is, the ratio of laser power to scanning velocity is kept constant. Under with a certain pattern so that the material deforms owing to thermal-induced distortion (Fig. 1

  3. University College London Submitted to University College London in fulfilment of the requirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    between Prance and Italy. If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed it will prove the neutrino physics parameters from the neutrinoless double beta decay search. The purpose of this thesis is primarily measurement of this decay process. A limit on the neutrinoless double beta decay of 48Ca has also been

  4. Utilizing automatically collected data to infer travel behavior : a case study of the East London Line extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhs, Kevin J. (Kevin Joseph)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilizing automatically collected data sources, this research strengthens the understanding of changes in user travel behavior caused by the introduction of the extended East London Line (ELL) into London's public ...

  5. *Please note: Some details in syllabus are subject to change City University London and Utrecht University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    *Please note: Some details in syllabus are subject to change City University London and Utrecht on the course website) In-residence London/Utrecht: 8 July ­ 10 August 2012 Programme requires a total of seven and Utrecht, the Netherlands. This innovative programme provides an ideal opportunity for students to develop

  6. School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    1 School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series SoMWP­1301 Working February 2013 #12;2 The School of Management Working Paper Series is published to circulate the results. The School of Management, Royal Holloway, University of London has over 65 academic staff who are organised

  7. School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series SoMWP­0901. Carnegie and Christopher J. Napier January 2009 #12;The School of Management Working Paper Series to the publisher of this series. The School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London has over 65 academic

  8. Generalized London free energy for high-Tc vortex lattices Ian Affleck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Marcel

    Generalized London free energy for high-Tc vortex lattices Ian Affleck Department of Physics-1829 97 50402-4 The London free energy provides a very simple way of studying the vortex lattice that this effect can arise from additional quartic derivative terms in the Ginzburg-Landau GL free energy4­7 or

  9. Testing for cointegration between the New York and London futures markets for coffee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Mona Dinesh

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arbitrage between the New York and London futures markets is an active event. The price spread between the New York and London futures markets, is affected by factors concerning the supply and demand of each commodity and the world coffee market...

  10. Focal plane array with modular pixel array components for scalability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kay, Randolph R; Campbell, David V; Shinde, Subhash L; Rienstra, Jeffrey L; Serkland, Darwin K; Holmes, Michael L

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A modular, scalable focal plane array is provided as an array of integrated circuit dice, wherein each die includes a given amount of modular pixel array circuitry. The array of dice effectively multiplies the amount of modular pixel array circuitry to produce a larger pixel array without increasing die size. Desired pixel pitch across the enlarged pixel array is preserved by forming die stacks with each pixel array circuitry die stacked on a separate die that contains the corresponding signal processing circuitry. Techniques for die stack interconnections and die stack placement are implemented to ensure that the desired pixel pitch is preserved across the enlarged pixel array.

  11. Zool. (London) 177,179 (1975). 6. S. D. Twiss, P. P. Pomeroy, S. S. Anderson, ibid.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ausubel, Frederick M.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zool. (London) 177,179 (1975). 6. S. D. Twiss, P. P. Pomeroy, S. S. Anderson, ibid. 233, 683 (1994). 7. W. Amos, S. S. Twiss, P. P. Pomeroy, S. S. Ander- son, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 252, 199 (1993. Twiss, B. J. McConnell, J. Zool. (London) 233, 429 (1994). 13. For any female, the probability of a pair

  12. Wednesday Aug 10 2005 . All times are London time. International Economy / G8 summit Print article | Email article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wednesday Aug 10 2005 . All times are London time. Sign up Userna Passw International Economy / G8 summit Print article | Email article Jeffrey Sachs: Spirit of London a lesson for the world Published Yesterday when the bombs went off in London I was about a mile away. I therefore witnessed one

  13. SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY THE MEERKAT ARRAY, currently taking shape in South Africa's Karoo) is completed around 2024. Via MeerKAT, South Africa is playing a key role in design and technology developments at the engineering office in Cape Town, and at universities and technology companies across South Africa and Africa

  14. Array for detecting microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andersen, Gary L.; DeSantis, Todd D.

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The present embodiments relate to an array system for detecting and identifying biomolecules and organisms. More specifically, the present embodiments relate to an array system comprising a microarray configured to simultaneously detect a plurality of organisms in a sample at a high confidence level.

  15. Microfabricated ion trap array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blain, Matthew G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A microfabricated ion trap array, comprising a plurality of ion traps having an inner radius of order one micron, can be fabricated using surface micromachining techniques and materials known to the integrated circuits manufacturing and microelectromechanical systems industries. Micromachining methods enable batch fabrication, reduced manufacturing costs, dimensional and positional precision, and monolithic integration of massive arrays of ion traps with microscale ion generation and detection devices. Massive arraying enables the microscale ion traps to retain the resolution, sensitivity, and mass range advantages necessary for high chemical selectivity. The reduced electrode voltage enables integration of the microfabricated ion trap array with on-chip circuit-based rf operation and detection electronics (i.e., cell phone electronics). Therefore, the full performance advantages of the microfabricated ion trap array can be realized in truly field portable, handheld microanalysis systems.

  16. Micromachined electrode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Okandan, Murat (Edgewood, NM); Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrode array is disclosed which has applications for neural stimulation and sensing. The electrode array, in certain embodiments, can include a plurality of electrodes each of which is flexibly attached to a common substrate using a plurality of springs to allow the electrodes to move independently. In other embodiments of the electrode array, the electrodes can be fixed to the substrate. The electrode array can be formed from a combination of bulk and surface micromachining, and can include electrode tips having an electroplated metal (e.g. platinum, iridium, gold or titanium) or a metal oxide (e.g. iridium oxide) for biocompatibility. The electrode array can be used to form a part of a neural prosthesis, and is particularly well adapted for use in an implantable retinal prosthesis.

  17. A review of "Before Orientalism: London's Theatre of the East, 1576-1626" by Richmond Barbour.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabil Matar

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : London?s Theatre of the East, 1576-1626. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. xii + 238 pp. $60. Review by NABIL MATAR, FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. The title of this book identities its three foci: a theoretical en- gagement with Edward... Said?s theory of orientalism; theatre and pageant in the London of the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods; and the ?East,? by which is meant the regions east of the Ottoman Empire, regions which, as the author accurately notes, have not been sufficiently...

  18. Parametric array calibration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Shuang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of this thesis is the development of parametric methods for the calibration of array shape errors. Two physical scenarios are considered, the online calibration (self-calibration) using far-field sources and ...

  19. Flexible retinal electrode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Okandan, Murat (Albuquerque, NM); Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrode array which has applications for neural stimulation and sensing. The electrode array can include a large number of electrodes each of which is flexibly attached to a common substrate using a plurality of springs to allow the electrodes to move independently. The electrode array can be formed from a combination of bulk and surface micromachining, with electrode tips that can include an electroplated metal (e.g. platinum, iridium, gold or titanium) or a metal oxide (e.g. iridium oxide) for biocompatibility. The electrode array can be used to form a part of a neural prosthesis, and is particularly well adapted for use in an implantable retinal prosthesis where the electrodes can be tailored to provide a uniform gentle contact pressure with optional sensing of this contact pressure at one or more of the electrodes.

  20. Expandable LED array interconnect

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yuan, Thomas Cheng-Hsin; Keller, Bernd

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light emitting device that can function as an array element in an expandable array of such devices. The light emitting device comprises a substrate that has a top surface and a plurality of edges. Input and output terminals are mounted to the top surface of the substrate. Both terminals comprise a plurality of contact pads disposed proximate to the edges of the substrate, allowing for easy access to both terminals from multiple edges of the substrate. A lighting element is mounted to the top surface of the substrate. The lighting element is connected between the input and output terminals. The contact pads provide multiple access points to the terminals which allow for greater flexibility in design when the devices are used as array elements in an expandable array.

  1. Issue ten summer 2012 www.mmu.ac.uk Our London 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the Olympic trail P10 University competitors hope to prosper at London 2012 Leadership P14 Chancellor Dianne Festival Business P19 Warrington food business grows with University collaboration P19 A new game to engage

  2. Death, piety, and social engagement in the life of the seventeenth century London artisan, Nehemiah Wallington 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oswald, Robert Meredith Trey

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies of the seven extant manuscripts of the seventeenth century Londoner, Nehemiah Wallington, have focused on the psychological effects of Puritan theology as the cause for his deep spiritual crisis and for ...

  3. From classical to romantic orchestral music in early nineteenth century London: a social-psychological orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Kimberly Sue

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FRON CLASSICAL TO iKNANTIC ORCHllSTRAL NUSIC IN EARLY NINETEENIYl CENTURY LONDON: h SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIENTATION A Thesis by KINBERLY SUE KLEIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASN University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of HASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Najor Subject: Sociology FROM CLASSICAL TO ROMANTIC MUSIC IN EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY LONDON: A SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIENTATION A Thesis by KINBERLY SUE KLEIN Approved as to the style...

  4. A review of "The Dead and the Living in Paris and London," by Vanessa Harding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edna Ruth Yahil

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Vanessa Harding. The Dead and the Living in Paris and London, 1500-1600. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. xvi + 343 pp. + 10 illus. + 2 maps. $65.00. Review by EDNA RUTH YAHIL, WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY, SWISS CENTER. By 1670..., the populations of London and Paris exceeded 450,000, mak- ing these two of the largest cities in northern Europe. Both cities were capitals of centralizing states, and were represented by contemporaries as unified wholes despite being fractured judicially into a...

  5. Difficult beginning ? The early years of the Royal Academy of Arts in London In his first discourse at the official opening of the Royal Academy of Arts in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Difficult beginning ? The early years of the Royal Academy of Arts in London In his first discourse at the official opening of the Royal Academy of Arts in London (RA) on January 2nd 1769, Joshua accomplishment while lamenting the amount of time the process had taken: "An Academy, in which the Polite Arts

  6. Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Nitrate Solution Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. A. Marshall; J. D. Bess

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November of 1981 thirteen approach-to-critical experiments were performed on a remote split table machine (RSTM) in the Critical Mass Laboratory of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington, using planar arrays of polyethylene bottles filled with plutonium (Pu) nitrate solution. Arrays of up to sixteen bottles were used to measure the critical number of bottles and critical array spacing with a tight fitting Plexiglas{reg_sign} reflector on all sides of the arrays except the top. Some experiments used Plexiglas shells fitted around each bottles to determine the effect of moderation on criticality. Each bottle contained approximately 2.4 L of Pu(NO3)4 solution with a Pu content of 105 g Pu/L and a free acid molarity H+ of 5.1. The plutonium was of low 240Pu (2.9 wt.%) content. These experiments were performed to fill a gap in experimental data regarding criticality limits for storing and handling arrays of Pu solution in reprocessing facilities. Of the thirteen approach-to-critical experiments eleven resulted in extrapolations to critical configurations. Four of the approaches were extrapolated to the critical number of bottles; these were not evaluated further due to the large uncertainty associated with the modeling of a fraction of a bottle. The remaining seven approaches were extrapolated to critical array spacing of 3-4 and 4-4 arrays; these seven critical configurations were evaluation for inclusion as acceptable benchmark experiments in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbook. Detailed and simple models of these configurations were created and the associated bias of these simplifications was determined to range from 0.00116 and 0.00162 {+-} 0.00006 ?keff. Monte Carlo analysis of all models was completed using MCNP5 with ENDF/BVII.0 neutron cross section libraries. A thorough uncertainty analysis of all critical, geometric, and material parameters was performed using parameter perturbation methods. It was found that uncertainty in the impurities in the polyethylene bottles, reflector position, bottle outer diameter, and critical array spacing had the largest effect. The total uncertainty ranged from 0.00651 to 0.00920 ?keff. Evaluation methods and results will be presented and discussed in greater detail in the full paper.

  7. Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in Voltammetric Analysis. Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in...

  8. to appear in Proc. of Project Management Institute research conference, July 2004, London (www.pmi.org) 1 Project Portfolio Earned Value Management Using Treemaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    to appear in Proc. of Project Management Institute research conference, July 2004, London (www.pmi research conference, July 2004, London (www.pmi.org) 2 devour the data, synthesize it, and draw conclusions

  9. Solid state neutron detector array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seidel, J.G.; Ruddy, F.H.; Brandt, C.D.; Dulloo, A.R.; Lott, R.G.; Sirianni, E.; Wilson, R.O.

    1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors. 7 figs.

  10. Solid state neutron detector array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seidel, John G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Ruddy, Frank H. (Monroeville, PA); Brandt, Charles D. (Mount Lebanon, PA); Dulloo, Abdul R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Lott, Randy G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Sirianni, Ernest (Monroeville, PA); Wilson, Randall O. (Greensburg, PA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors.

  11. The Very Small Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angela C. Taylor

    2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Very Small Array (VSA) is a fourteen-element interferometer designed to study the cosmic microwave background on angular scales of 2.4 to 0.2 degrees (angular multipoles l = 150 to 1800). It operates at frequencies between 26 and 36 GHz, with a bandwidth of 1.5 GHz, and is situated at the Teide Observatory, Tenerife. The instrument also incorporates a single-baseline interferometer, with larger collecting area, operating simultaneously with and at the same frequency as the VSA main array. This provides accurate flux measurements of contaminating radio sources in the VSA observations. Since September 2000, the VSA has been making observations of primordial CMB fluctuations. We describe the instrument, observing strategy and current status of the first year of observations.

  12. Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Vol. II Pitman-London Keith S. Decker, Edmund H. Durfee & Victor R. Lesser 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Vol. II Pitman-London © Keith S. Decker, Edmund H. Durfee & Victor R. Lesser 1989 #12;Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Vol. II Pitman-London © Keith S. Decker, Edmund H. Durfee & Victor R. Lesser 1989 #12;Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Vol. II Pitman

  13. New Horizons in Earth Reinforcement Otani, Miyata & Mukunoki (eds) 2008 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-45775-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    , London, ISBN 978-0-415-45775-0 New horizons in reinforced soil technology J.G. Zornberg The University

  14. doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.2003.218.01.22 2003; v. 218; p. 427-447Geological Society, London, Special Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.2003.218.01.22 2003; v. 218; p. 427-447Geological Society, London, Special of metamorphic What constitutes `emplacement' of an ophiolite?: Mechanisms and Geological Society, London Subscribe Publications or the Lyell Collection to subscribe to Geological Society, London, Specialclick here

  15. School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series SoMWP­0902 Is Denial 2009 1 #12;The School of Management Working Paper Series is published to circulate the results of on for permission to reproduce any article or part of the Working Paper should be sent to the publisher

  16. School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London Working Paper Series SoMWP­0809 Accounting for needs? Formula funding in the UK School Sector Gloria Agyemang December 2008 1 #12;The School article or part of the Working Paper should be sent to the publisher of this series. The School

  17. The London Accord 1 Dynamics of technological development in the energy sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The London Accord 1 Dynamics of technological development in the energy sector J. Doyne Farmer the literature on trends of technological improvement, focusing on the energy sector. We discuss the extent to which past trends can be used to predict the future improvement paths of technologies. The historical

  18. ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON THE CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON THE CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH REGULATIONS 2002's arrangements for the management of hazardous substances as defined in the Control of Substances Hazardous who may be affected by the work of the College to substances hazardous to health is either prevented

  19. Occupational Health & Safety Directorate Queen Mary, University of London Fire Induction Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    Occupational Health & Safety Directorate Queen Mary, University of London ­ Fire Induction Form June 2011 Note: In order to conform with Paragraph 21-(1) Regulatory Reform (F.S) Order 2005, the Head that the necessary information has been provided. This form must be retained by the department (copied to health

  20. Controls of carbon dioxide concentrations and fluxes above central London: Supplementary Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    as a function of average daily temperature were obtained from statistics of the UK Department of Energy Road site is funded by London local authorities (operated by the Environmental Research Group (ERG)2.2 Estimation of the CO2 emissions from natural gas consumption Natural gas provides 81% of the energy used

  1. Workshop on Pandemic Clinical Research Wellcome Trust, Euston Road, London, 6 May 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    hand hygiene measures An evaluation of the effectiveness, clinical outcomes and mechanisms of anti To find biological markers as predictors of clinical outcome To carry out social behaviour studies · NonWorkshop on Pandemic Clinical Research Wellcome Trust, Euston Road, London, 6 May 2009 A workshop

  2. LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics (JCM) Owned by: London Mathematical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCusker, Guy

    LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics (JCM) Owned by: London Mathematical Society Published by of publishing licence: Exclusive licence (see sample form) Publishing model: The LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics is a free online journal. RCUK compliance: This journal is compliant with the Research Councils

  3. London penetration depth and coherence length of SU(3) vacuum flux tubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Cea; Leonardo Cosmai; Francesca Cuteri; Alessandro Papa

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The transverse profile of the chromoelectric field generated by a quark-antiquark pair in the SU(3) vacuum is analysed within the dual superconductor scenario, then the London penetration depth and coherence length are extracted. The color field is determined on the lattice through a connected correlator of two Polyakov loops measured on smeared configurations.

  4. Plasma gun array

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomassPPPOPetroleum38 (1996) A213-A225. Printed ingun array A

  5. Single contact tailored gain phased array of semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, C.P.; Kapon, E.; Katz, J.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a single contact tailored gain-guided array in which the gain profile across the array is made strongly asymmetric by varying the width of the contact stripes. A proton isolated array of six (GaAl)As lasers with 5-..mu..m separations and widths varying linearly between 3 and 8 ..mu..m had a single lobed far field 2/sup 0/ wide, close to the diffraction limit for a single supermode. Fabrication of this device is simple, and suited to large-scale processing techniques. We also show that in such an asymmetric gain-guided array the fundamental mode is favored over higher order modes, and that higher order modes can have single lobed far-field patterns differing only slightly from that of the fundamental.

  6. Electrode array for neural stimulation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM); Okandan, Murat (Edgewood, NM); Stein, David J. (Albuquerque, NM); Yang, Pin (Albuquerque, NM); Cesarano, III, Joseph (Albuquerque, NM); Dellinger, Jennifer (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrode array for neural stimulation is disclosed which has particular applications for use in a retinal prosthesis. The electrode array can be formed as a hermetically-sealed two-part ceramic package which includes an electronic circuit such as a demultiplexer circuit encapsulated therein. A relatively large number (up to 1000 or more) of individually-addressable electrodes are provided on a curved surface of a ceramic base portion the electrode array, while a much smaller number of electrical connections are provided on a ceramic lid of the electrode array. The base and lid can be attached using a metal-to-metal seal formed by laser brazing. Electrical connections to the electrode array can be provided by a flexible ribbon cable which can also be used to secure the electrode array in place.

  7. Nanoelectrode array for electrochemical analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yelton, William G. (Sandia Park, NM); Siegal, Michael P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nanoelectrode array comprises a plurality of nanoelectrodes wherein the geometric dimensions of the electrode controls the electrochemical response, and the current density is independent of time. By combining a massive array of nanoelectrodes in parallel, the current signal can be amplified while still retaining the beneficial geometric advantages of nanoelectrodes. Such nanoelectrode arrays can be used in a sensor system for rapid, non-contaminating field analysis. For example, an array of suitably functionalized nanoelectrodes can be incorporated into a small, integrated sensor system that can identify many species rapidly and simultaneously under field conditions in high-resistivity water, without the need for chemical addition to increase conductivity.

  8. Qproteome GlycoArray Handbook Qproteome GlycoArray Kit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Secondary Antibody 29 Drying Slides After Processing 33 #12;4 Qproteome GlycoArray Handbook 09/2005 Scanning Installation 37 Running GlycoArray Analysis Software 40 Interpreting the Glycoprotein Fingerprint 44 Evaluating wear a suitable lab coat, disposable gloves, and protective goggles. For more information, please

  9. Passive microfluidic array card and reader

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dugan, Lawrence Christopher (Modesto, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA)

    2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A microfluidic array card and reader system for analyzing a sample. The microfluidic array card includes a sample loading section for loading the sample onto the microfluidic array card, a multiplicity of array windows, and a transport section or sections for transporting the sample from the sample loading section to the array windows. The microfluidic array card reader includes a housing, a receiving section for receiving the microfluidic array card, a viewing section, and a light source that directs light to the array window of the microfluidic array card and to the viewing section.

  10. Metal-Slit Array Fresnel-Lens for Optical Coupling Young Jin Jung1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Namkyoo

    Metal-Slit Array Fresnel-Lens for Optical Coupling Young Jin Jung1 , Dongwon Park1 , Sunkyu Yu1, for the first time, to utilize metal-slits array Fresnel lens for the optical coupling form free space into silicon slab waveguide while overcoming near focal length limit of the conventional dielectric Fresnel

  11. Light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  12. Phased laser array with tailored spectral and coherence properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Messerly, Michael J; Dawson, Jay W; Beach, Raymond J

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Architectures for coherently combining an array of fiber-based lasers are provided. By matching their lengths to within a few integer multiples of a wavelength, the spatial and temporal properties of a single large laser are replicated, while extending the average or peak pulsed power limit.

  13. Replica amplification of nucleic acid arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Church, George M. (Brookline, MA); Mitra, Robi D. (Chestnut Hill, MA)

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are improved methods of making and using immobilized arrays of nucleic acids, particularly methods for producing replicas of such arrays. Included are methods for producing high density arrays of nucleic acids and replicas of such arrays, as well as methods for preserving the resolution of arrays through rounds of replication. Also included are methods which take advantage of the availability of replicas of arrays for increased sensitivity in detection of sequences on arrays. Improved methods of sequencing nucleic acids immobilized on arrays utilizing single copies of arrays and methods taking further advantage of the availability of replicas of arrays are disclosed. The improvements lead to higher fidelity and longer read lengths of sequences immobilized on arrays. Methods are also disclosed which improve the efficiency of multiplex PCR using arrays of immobilized nucleic acids.

  14. LSE Summer School 2014 Your opportunity to be taught by world-class LSE faculty in the heart of London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    LSE Summer School 2014 ­ Your opportunity to be taught by world-class LSE faculty in the heart-renowned faculty. All courses take place on our campus in the heart of Central London. Courses can often be taken

  15. An econometric analysis and forecast of the Central London Office Market : single model versus aggregate submarket models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waisnor, Matthew E. (Matthew Edward)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines and projects fundamental characteristics of the London Office rental market which is facing supply and demand issues in upcoming years despite being considered one of the few safe haven places for real ...

  16. Modular package for cooling a laser diode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mundinger, David C. (Stockton, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser diode array is disclosed that includes a plurality of planar packages and active cooling. The laser diode array may be operated in a long duty cycle, or in continuous operation. A laser diode bar and a microchannel heat sink are thermally coupled in a compact, thin planar package having the laser diode bar located proximate to one edge. In an array, a number of such thin planar packages are secured together in a stacked configuration, in close proximity so that the laser diodes are spaced closely. The cooling means includes a microchannel heat sink that is attached proximate to the laser bar so that it absorbs heat generated by laser operation. To provide the coolant to the microchannels, each thin planar package comprises a thin inlet manifold and a thin outlet manifold connected to an inlet corridor and an outlet corridor. The inlet corridor comprises a hole extending through each of the packages in the array, and the outlet corridor comprises a hole extending through each of the packages in the array. The inlet and outlet corridors are connected to a conventional coolant circulation system. The laser diode array with active cooling has application as an optical pump for high power solid state lasers. Further, it can be incorporated in equipment such as communications devices and active sensors, and in military and space applications, and it can be useful in applications having space constraints and energy limitations.

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: current energy converter array...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    array optimization framework Current Energy Converter Array Optimization Framework On March 13, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, News, News & Events,...

  18. Geographically varying associations between personality and life satisfaction in the London metropolitan area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jokela, Markus; Rentfrow, Peter J.; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Lamb, Michael E.; Gosling, Samuel D.

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    individual dispositions and neighborhood characteristics. Methods Participants Participants were from the Big Personality Test online survey advertized and hosted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) on its Lab UK website (https://ssl... TC (1985) Urbanism and tolerance: A test of some hypotheses drawn from Wirth and Stouffer. American Sociological Review. 17. uk MC ed. The Busiest Stations on the London Underground (mapsdata.co.uk) Available at: http://www.mapsdata.co.uk/portfolio...

  19. Magnetic Monopoles and the Dual London Equation in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Skala; Manfried Faber; Martin Zach

    1996-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method for the determination of magnetic monopole currents in non-Abelian gauge theories which does not need a projection to Abelian degrees of freedom. With this definition we are able to determine the distribution of magnetic currents and electric fields for the gluonic flux tube between a pair of static charges. Further we check the validity of the Gauss law and the dual London equation in a gauge invariant formulation.

  20. Soft lithography microlens fabrication and array for enhanced light extraction from organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leung, Wai Y.; Park, Joong-Mok; Gan, Zhengqing; Constant, Kristen P.; Shinar, Joseph; Shinar, Ruth; ho, Kai-Ming

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided are microlens arrays for use on the substrate of OLEDs to extract more light that is trapped in waveguided modes inside the devices and methods of manufacturing same. Light extraction with microlens arrays is not limited to the light emitting area, but is also efficient in extracting light from the whole microlens patterned area where waveguiding occurs. Large microlens array, compared to the size of the light emitting area, extract more light and result in over 100% enhancement. Such a microlens array is not limited to (O)LEDs of specific emission, configuration, pixel size, or pixel shape. It is suitable for all colors, including white, for microcavity OLEDs, and OLEDs fabricated directly on the (modified) microlens array.

  1. The Fractional London Equation and The Fractional Pippard Model For Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    José Weberszpil

    2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    With the discovery of new superconductors there was a running to find the justifications for the new properties found in these materials. In order to describe these new effects some theories were adapted and some others have been tried. In this work we present an application of the fractional calculus to study the superconductor in the context of London theory. Here we investigated the linear London equation modified by fractional derivatives for non-differentiable functions, instead of integer ones, in a coarse grained scenario. We apply the fractional approach based in the modified Riemann-Liouville sense to improve the model in order to include possible non-local interactions and the media. It is argued that the e ects of non-locality and long memory, intrinsic to the formalism of the fractional calculus, are relevant to achieving a satisfactory phenomenological description. In order to compare the present results with the usual London theory, we calculated the magnetic field distribution for a mesoscopic superconductor system. Also, a fractional Pippard-like model is proposed to take into account the non-locality beside effects of interactions and the media. We propose that parameter alfa of fractionality can be used to create an alternative way to characterize superconductors.

  2. Optical simulation of neutrino oscillations in binary waveguide arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marini, Andrea; Biancalana, Fabio

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We theoretically propose and investigate an optical analogue of neutrino oscillations in a pair of vertically displaced binary waveguide arrays with longitudinally modulated effective refractive index. Optical propagation is modelled through coupled-mode equations, which in the continuous limit lead to two coupled Dirac equations for fermionic particles with different mass states, i.e. neutrinos. We demonstrate that neutrino oscillations can be quenched by nonlinear effects, and we predict the existence of neutrino solitons. Incidentally, these phenomena are expected to play an important role in massive supernova stars. Our results pave the way for using binary waveguide arrays as a classical laboratory for predicting exotic effects in particle physics and astrophysics.

  3. Optical simulation of neutrino oscillations in binary waveguide arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Marini; Stefano Longhi; Fabio Biancalana

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We theoretically propose and investigate an optical analogue of neutrino oscillations in a pair of vertically displaced binary waveguide arrays with longitudinally modulated effective refractive index. Optical propagation is modelled through coupled-mode equations, which in the continuous limit lead to two coupled Dirac equations for fermionic particles with different mass states, i.e. neutrinos. We demonstrate that neutrino oscillations can be quenched by nonlinear effects, and we predict the existence of neutrino solitons. Incidentally, these phenomena are expected to play an important role in massive supernova stars. Our results pave the way for using binary waveguide arrays as a classical laboratory for predicting exotic effects in particle physics and astrophysics.

  4. The Murchison Widefield Array Correlator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ord, S M; Emrich, D; Pallot, D; Wayth, R B; Clark, M A; Tremblay, S E; Arcus, W; Barnes, D; Bell, M; Bernardi, G; Bhat, N D R; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Bunton, J D; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A A; deSouza, L; Ewell-Wice, A; Feng, L; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Hazelton, B J; Herne, D; Hewitt, J N; Hindson, L; Hurley-Walker, H; Jacobs, D; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kincaid, B B; Koenig, R; Kratzenberg, E; Kudryavtseva, N; Lenc, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McKinley, B; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Offringa, A; Pathikulangara, J; Pindor, B; Prabu, T; Procopio, P; Remillard, R A; Riding, J; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Salah, J E; Sault, R J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, J; Subrahmanyan, R; Tingay, S J; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wyithe, J S B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Precursor. The telescope is located at the Murchison Radio--astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia (WA). The MWA consists of 4096 dipoles arranged into 128 dual polarisation aperture arrays forming a connected element interferometer that cross-correlates signals from all 256 inputs. A hybrid approach to the correlation task is employed, with some processing stages being performed by bespoke hardware, based on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), and others by Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) housed in general purpose rack mounted servers. The correlation capability required is approximately 8 TFLOPS (Tera FLoating point Operations Per Second). The MWA has commenced operations and the correlator is generating 8.3 TB/day of correlation products, that are subsequently transferred 700 km from the MRO to Perth (WA) in real-time for storage and offline processing. In this paper we outline the correlator design, signal path, and proce...

  5. Applications of Circular Array Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trawick, Charles D.

    The application of the Reticon RO-64 annular photo-diode array to the task of optical tracking of special targets, direct optical focusing, and automatic printed circuit board inspection were studied. In order to facilitate ...

  6. Process Limits on Euclid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Process Limits Process Limits Limit Hard Soft core file size (blocks) 0 unlimited data seg size (kbytes) unlimited unlimited scheduling priority 0 0 file size (blocks) unlimited...

  7. The London model of Van-der-Waals forces: what's next?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladen Georgiev

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    London's polarization model is extended over a wide range of VdW attraction. At low temperature the VdW attraction is the main competitor to the Casimir force. As the temperature is raised, the VdW force decreases by virtue of the polsrizability falling down gradually. This trend is advanced in multilevel systems. such as the off-center defects, where the polarizability is renormalized through electron-vibrational mode coupling to gain a multiple vibronic enhancement by many orders of magnitude. Applications to high-Tc superconductivity and cosmology are conceivable.

  8. London relation and fluxoid quantization for monopole currents in U(1) lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vandana Singh; Richard W. Haymaker; Dana A. Browne

    1992-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the analogy between quark confinement and the Meissner effect in superconductors. We measure the response of color-magnetic "supercurrents" from Dirac magnetic monopoles to the presence of a static quark-antiquark pair in four dimensional U(1) lattice gauge theory. Our results indicate that in the confined phase these currents screen the color-electric flux due to the quarks in an electric analogy of the Meisner effect. We show that U(1) lattice guage theory obeys both a dual London equation and an electric fluxoid quantization condition.

  9. Redundant Arrays of IDE Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The next generation of high-energy physics experiments is expected to gather prodigious amounts of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that use recent developments in commodity hardware. We test redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now equal the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important. We also explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, hot pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and writable digital video disks (DVD-R).

  10. Cesar A. Arias, M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D. received his medical degree from Universidad El Bosque, Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia in 1992, his M.Sc. in clinical microbiology from the University of London,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    de Bogota, Colombia in 1992, his M.Sc. in clinical microbiology from the University of London, St. Bartholomew's and The Royal London Hospital School of Medicine and Dentistry, United Kingdom in 1996 and his

  11. array recognition surface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using far-field sources and ... Wan, Shuang 2011-01-01 265 Receiver array Seismic sources Geosciences Websites Summary: Receiver array Seismic sources Receiver array...

  12. The Murchison Widefield Array: Design Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonsdale, Colin J.

    The Murchison Widefield Array is a dipole-based aperture array synthesis telescope designed to operate in the 80-300 MHz frequency range. It is capable of a wide range of science investigations but is initially focused on ...

  13. A Statistical Model and Computer program for Preliminary Calculations Related to the Scaling of Sensor Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Max Morris

    2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in sensor technology and engineering have made it possible to assemble many related sensors in a common array, often of small physical size. Sensor arrays may report an entire vector of measured values in each data collection cycle, typically one value per sensor per sampling time. The larger quantities of data provided by larger arrays certainly contain more information, however in some cases experience suggests that dramatic increases in array size do not always lead to corresponding improvements in the practical value of the data. The work leading to this report was motivated by the need to develop computational planning tools to approximate the relative effectiveness of arrays of different size (or scale) in a wide variety of contexts. The basis of the work is a statistical model of a generic sensor array. It includes features representing measurement error, both common to all sensors and independent from sensor to sensor, and the stochastic relationships between the quantities to be measured by the sensors. The model can be used to assess the effectiveness of hypothetical arrays in classifying objects or events from two classes. A computer program is presented for evaluating the misclassification rates which can be expected when arrays are calibrated using a given number of training samples, or the number of training samples required to attain a given level of classification accuracy. The program is also available via email from the first author for a limited time.

  14. Proceedings: EPRI Second Phased Array Inspection Seminar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Second EPRI Phased Array Inspection Seminar focused on industrial applications of phased array technology that have been achieved to date or are planned for the near future. Presentations were made by developers of inspection techniques, inspection services vendors, and utility personnel who have performed inspections using arrays.

  15. Dynamic simulations of arrays of Josephson junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eikmans, H.; van Himbergen, J.E. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Utrecht, P.O. Box 80.006, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands (NL))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First we introduce a very efficient algorithm for dynamic simulations of a wide class of arrays of Josephson junctions with realistic boundaries. With this algorithm one can also represent current-biased arrays with periodic boundaries. Next we present results of extensive simulations of ladder arrays. We evaluate the resistance as a function of magnetic field and find striking differences between different geometries.

  16. Streets and Patterns. By Stephen Marshall. (London and New York: Spon Press, 2005). [Pp. 312.] $ 69.95. ISBN 0415317509.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    1 Streets and Patterns. By Stephen Marshall. (London and New York: Spon Press, 2005). [Pp. 312.] $ 69.95. ISBN 0415317509. Stephen Marshall's Streets and Patterns covers ten years of research structure, respectively. In Chapter 3, Marshall claims the modern road hierarchy with its almost exclusive

  17. Reliability, Risk and Safety Ale, Papazoglou & Zio (eds) 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-60427-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    . Here the com- mon goal is to provide electrical power. It is also an example of a CI embedded within Infrastructures (CIs), such as the electrical grid, telecommunication, transpor- tation, and banking and financial, London, ISBN 978-0-415-60427-7 Analyzing security risks in critical infrastructures embedded in systems

  18. PhD Opportunities in Sensory neuroscience The Department of Psychology at Royal Holloway, University of London invites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    PhD Opportunities in Sensory neuroscience The Department of Psychology at Royal Holloway, University of London invites applications for PhD studentship for the academic year 2011-12. The Department-graduate research (PhD) students. We offer a vibrant research community and excellent facilities including

  19. PhD Opportunities in working memory The Department of Psychology at Royal Holloway, University of London invites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    PhD Opportunities in working memory The Department of Psychology at Royal Holloway, University of London invites applications for PhD studentship for the academic year 2011-12. The Department-graduate research (PhD) students. We offer a vibrant research community and excellent facilities including

  20. Self field triggered superconducting fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tekletsadik, Kasegn D. (Rexford, NY)

    2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting fault current limiter array with a plurality of superconductor elements arranged in a meanding array having an even number of supconductors parallel to each other and arranged in a plane that is parallel to an odd number of the plurality of superconductors, where the odd number of supconductors are parallel to each other and arranged in a plane that is parallel to the even number of the plurality of superconductors, when viewed from a top view. The even number of superconductors are coupled at the upper end to the upper end of the odd number of superconductors. A plurality of lower shunt coils each coupled to the lower end of each of the even number of superconductors and a plurality of upper shunt coils each coupled to the upper end of each of the odd number of superconductors so as to generate a generally orthoganal uniform magnetic field during quenching using only the magenetic field generated by the superconductors.

  1. Recent Results from Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukushima, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Telescope Array (TA) is an experiment to observe Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs). TA's recent results, the energy spectrum and anisotropy based on the 6-year surface array data, and the primary composition obtained from the shower maximum Xmax are reported. The spectrum demonstrates a clear dip and cutoff. The shape of the spectrum is well described by the energy loss of extra-galactic protons interacting with the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Above the cutoff, a medium-scale (20 degrees radius) flux enhancement was observed near the Ursa-Major. A chance probability of creating this hotspot from the isotropic flux is 4.0 sigma. The measured Xmax is consistent with the primary being proton or light nuclei for energies 10^18.2 eV - 10^19.2 eV.

  2. The Expanded Very Large Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perley, R; Jackson, J; Butler, B; Carlson, B; Fort, D; Dewdney, P; Clark, B; Hayward, R; Durand, S; Revnell, M; McKinnon, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In almost 30 years of operation, the Very Large Array (VLA) has proved to be a remarkably flexible and productive radio telescope. However, the basic capabilities of the VLA have changed little since it was designed. A major expansion utilizing modern technology is currently underway to improve the capabilities of the VLA by at least an order of magnitude in both sensitivity and in frequency coverage. The primary elements of the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) project include new or upgraded receivers for continuous frequency coverage from 1 to 50 GHz, new local oscillator, intermediate frequency, and wide bandwidth data transmission systems to carry signals with 16 GHz total bandwidth from each antenna, and a new digital correlator with the capability to process this bandwidth with an unprecedented number of frequency channels for an imaging array. Also included are a new monitor and control system and new software that will provide telescope ease of use. Scheduled for completion in 2012, the EVLA will prov...

  3. Preliminary results of the partial array LCT coil tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luton, J.N.; Cogswell, F.D.; Dresner, L.; Friesinger, G.M.; Gray, W.H.; Iwasa, Y.; Koizumi, K.; Lubell, M.S.; Lue, J.W.; Nishi, M.F.

    1984-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Large Coil Task (LCT) is a collaboration between the US, Euratom, Japan, and Switzerland for the production and testing of 2.5 x 3.5-m bore, superconducting 8-T magnets. The definitive tests in the design configuration, the six coils arrayed in a compact torus, will begin in 1985. Partial-array tests are being done in 1984. In January the initial cooldown of two coils was aborted because of helium-to-vacuum leaks that developed in certain seal welds when the coil temperatures were 170 to 180 K. In July three adjacent coils (designated JA, GD, CH) were cooled and in August two were energized to the limits of the test facility. An overview of the results are presented, including facility, cooldown (warmup has not yet begun), energization, dump, recovery from intentional normal zones, strain, and displacement, for operation up to 100% of design current but below full field and stress. These initial results are highly encouraging.

  4. Automated control of linear constricted plasma source array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anders, Andre (Albany, CA); Maschwitz, Peter A. (Martinsville, VA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for controlling an array of constricted glow discharge chambers are disclosed. More particularly a linear array of constricted glow plasma sources whose polarity and geometry are set so that the contamination and energy of the ions discharged from the sources are minimized. The several sources can be mounted in parallel and in series to provide a sustained ultra low source of ions in a plasma with contamination below practical detection limits. The quality of film along deposition "tracks" opposite the plasma sources can be measured and compared to desired absolute or relative values by optical and/or electrical sensors. Plasma quality can then be adjusted by adjusting the power current values, gas feed pressure/flow, gas mixtures or a combination of some or all of these to improve the match between the measured values and the desired values.

  5. Thin planar package for cooling an array of edge-emitting laser diodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mundinger, David C. (Stockton, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser diode array is disclosed that includes a plurality of planar assemblies and active cooling of each assembly. The laser diode array may be operated in a long duty cycle, or in continuous operation. A laser diode bar and a microchannel heat sink are thermally coupled in a compact, thin planar assembly having the laser diode bar located proximate to one edge. In an array, a number of such thin planar assemblies are secured together in a stacked configuration, in close proximity so that the laser diodes are spaced closely. The cooling means includes a microchannel heat sink proximate to the laser diode bar to absorb heat generated by laser operation. To provide the coolant to the microchannels, each thin planar assembly comprises passageways that connect the microchannels to inlet and outlet corridors. Each inlet passageway may comprise a narrow slot that directs coolant into the microchannels and increases the velocity of flow therethrough. The corridors comprises holes extending through each of the assemblies in the array. The inlet and outlet corridors are connected to a conventional coolant circulation system. The laser diode array with active cooling has applications as an optical pump for high power solid state lasers, or by mating the diodes with fiber optic lenses. Further, the arrays can be useful in applications having space constraints and energy limitations, and in military and space applications. The arrays can be incorporated in equipment such as communications devices and active sensors.

  6. Coated carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng; Wen, Jian; Chen, Jinghua; Huang, Zhongping; Wang, Dezhi

    2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode materials comprising aligned CNT substrates coated with an electrically conducting polymer, and the fabrication of electrodes for use in high performance electrical energy storage devices. In particular, the present invention provides conductive CNTs electrode material whose electrical properties render them especially suitable for use in high efficiency rechargeable batteries. The present invention also provides methods for obtaining surface modified conductive CNT electrode materials comprising an array of individual linear, aligned CNTs having a uniform surface coating of an electrically conductive polymer such as polypyrrole, and their use in electrical energy storage devices.

  7. Coated carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Wen, Jian (Newton, MA); Chen, Jinghua (Chestnut Hill, MA); Huang, Zhongping (Belmont, MA); Wang, Dezhi (Wellesley, MA)

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode materials comprising aligned CNT substrates coated with an electrically conducting polymer, and the fabrication of electrodes for use in high performance electrical energy storage devices. In particular, the present invention provides conductive CNTs electrode material whose electrical properties render them especially suitable for use in high efficiency rechargeable batteries. The present invention also provides methods for obtaining surface modified conductive CNT electrode materials comprising an array of individual linear, aligned CNTs having a uniform surface coating of an electrically conductive polymer such as polypyrrole, and their use in electrical energy storage devices.

  8. Double interconnection fuel cell array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Zymboly, G.E.

    1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell array is made, containing number of tubular, elongated fuel cells which are placed next to each other in rows (A, B, C, D), where each cell contains inner electrodes and outer electrodes, with solid electrolyte between the electrodes, where the electrolyte and outer electrode are discontinuous, having two portions, and providing at least two opposed discontinuities which contain at least two oppositely opposed interconnections contacting the inner electrode, each cell having only three metallic felt electrical connectors which contact surrounding cells, where each row is electrically connected to the other. 5 figures.

  9. From determinacy to systaltic arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, D.P.; Stewart, G.W.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the authors extend a model for parallel computation. They show that the extended model is deterministic, in the sense that under different scheduling regimes each process in the computation consumes the same input and generates the same output. Moreover, if the computation halts, the final state is independent of scheduling. The model is applied to the generation of precedence graphs, from which lower time bounds may be deduced, and to the synchronization of systolic arrays by local rather than global control.

  10. Array Converter | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture andsoftware andSolar CenterArnstadt,Array

  11. Modification and benchmarking of SKYSHINE-III for use with ISFSI cask arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hertel, N.E. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Napolitano, D.G. [NAC International, Norcross, GA (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dry cask storage arrays are becoming more and more common at nuclear power plants in the United States. Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 72, limits doses at the controlled area boundary of these independent spent-fuel storage installations (ISFSI) to 0.25 mSv (25 mrem)/yr. The minimum controlled area boundaries of such a facility are determined by cask array dose calculations, which include direct radiation and radiation scattered by the atmosphere, also known as skyshine. NAC International (NAC) uses SKYSHINE-III to calculate the gamma-ray and neutron dose rates as a function of distance from ISFSI arrays. In this paper, we present modifications to the SKYSHINE-III that more explicitly model cask arrays. In addition, we have benchmarked the radiation transport methods used in SKYSHINE-III against {sup 60}Co gamma-ray experiments and MCNP neutron calculations.

  12. Space and power efficient hybrid counters array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY)

    2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid counter array device for counting events. The hybrid counter array includes a first counter portion comprising N counter devices, each counter device for receiving signals representing occurrences of events from an event source and providing a first count value corresponding to a lower order bits of the hybrid counter array. The hybrid counter array includes a second counter portion comprising a memory array device having N addressable memory locations in correspondence with the N counter devices, each addressable memory location for storing a second count value representing higher order bits of the hybrid counter array. A control device monitors each of the N counter devices of the first counter portion and initiates updating a value of a corresponding second count value stored at the corresponding addressable memory location in the second counter portion. Thus, a combination of the first and second count values provide an instantaneous measure of number of events received.

  13. Space and power efficient hybrid counters array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY)

    2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid counter array device for counting events. The hybrid counter array includes a first counter portion comprising N counter devices, each counter device for receiving signals representing occurrences of events from an event source and providing a first count value corresponding to a lower order bits of the hybrid counter array. The hybrid counter array includes a second counter portion comprising a memory array device having N addressable memory locations in correspondence with the N counter devices, each addressable memory location for storing a second count value representing higher order bits of the hybrid counter array. A control device monitors each of the N counter devices of the first counter portion and initiates updating a value of a corresponding second count value stored at the corresponding addressable memory location in the second counter portion. Thus, a combination of the first and second count values provide an instantaneous measure of number of events received.

  14. Interferometric Plasmonic Lensing with Nanohole Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, Yu; Joly, Alan G.; El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hess, Wayne P.

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) of nanohole arrays in gold films maps propagating surface plasmons (PSPs) launched from lithographically patterned structures. Strong near field photoemission patterns are observed in the PEEM images, recorded following low angle of incidence irradiation of nanohole arrays with sub-15 fs laser pulses centered at 780 nm. The recorded photoemission patterns are attributed to constructive and destructive interferences between PSPs launched from the individual nanoholes which comprise the array. By exploiting the wave nature of PSPs, we demonstrate how varying the array geometry (hole diameter, pitch, and number of rows/columns) ultimately yields intense localized photoemission. Through a combination of PEEM and finite-difference time-domain simulations, we identify the optimal array geometry for efficient light coupling and interferometric plasmonic lensing. We show a preliminary application of inteferometric plasmonic lensing by enhancing the photoemission from the vertex of a gold triangle using nanohole array.

  15. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 747751, 2 figs, 1 table. Printed in Great Britain Discussion on aluminium loss during sandstone diagenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 747­751, 2 figs, 1 table. Printed in Great Britain Discussion on aluminium loss during sandstone diagenesis Journal, Vol. 153, 1996, pp. 657

  16. Sociology of small things : Olive Schreiner, Eleanor Marx, Amy Levy and the intertextualities of feminist cultural politics in 1880s London 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hetherington, Donna Marie

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the cultural politics of a small group of women through their writing and other activities in 1880s London. Focussed on Olive Schreiner, Eleanor Marx and Amy Levy and the connections they had to ...

  17. Civil aircraft accident Report on the Accident to Boeing 707-465 G-Arwe at Heathrow Airport, London on 8th April 1968 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A3.C.A.P. 324 Civil aircraft accident Report on the Accident to Boeing 707-465 G-Arwe at Heathrow Airport, London on 8th April 1968...

  18. Vector Sensor Arrays in Underwater Acoustic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    and Sérgio M. Jesus1, 1 Institute for Systems and Robotics, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005 hydrophone arrays in ot

  19. Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fact sheet overview of the Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array project implemented by the Department of Energy Golden Office and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: PV array monitoring strategies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Newsletter, SunShot, Systems Analysis Sandia researcher Joshua Stein (in Sandia's Photovoltaic & Distributed Systems Integration Dept.) highlighted novel PV array...

  1. Odorant Detection by Biological Chemosensor Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuech, Rudi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from cylinders in laminar crossflow at 10(-4)crossflow over a cylinder array with2D cylinders in low-Re crossflow, sampling a single odorant

  2. Microfabricated wire arrays for Z-pinch.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spahn, Olga Blum; Rowen, Adam M.; Cich, Michael Joseph; Peake, Gregory Merwin; Arrington, Christian L.; Nash, Thomas J.; Klem, John Frederick; Romero, Dustin Heinz

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microfabrication methods have been applied to the fabrication of wire arrays suitable for use in Z. Self-curling GaAs/AlGaAs supports were fabricated as an initial route to make small wire arrays (4mm diameter). A strain relief structure that could be integrated with the wire was designed to allow displacements of the anode/cathode connections in Z. Electroplated gold wire arrays with integrated anode/cathode bus connections were found to be sufficiently robust to allow direct handling. Platinum and copper plating processes were also investigated. A process to fabricate wire arrays on any substrate with wire thickness up to 35 microns was developed. Methods to handle and mount these arrays were developed. Fabrication of wire arrays of 20mm diameter was demonstrated, and the path to 40mm array fabrication is clear. With some final investment to show array mounting into Z hardware, the entire process to produce a microfabricated wire array will have been demonstrated.

  3. Reduced-vibration tube array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruck, Gerald J.; Bartolomeo, Daniel R.

    2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduced-vibration tube array is disclosed. The array includes a plurality of tubes in a fixed arrangement and a plurality of damping members positioned within the tubes. The damping members include contoured interface regions characterized by bracing points that selectively contact the inner surface of an associated tube. Each interface region is sized and shaped in accordance with the associated tube, so that the damping member bracing points are spaced apart a vibration-reducing distance from the associated tube inner surfaces at equilibrium. During operation, mechanical interaction between the bracing points and the tube inner surfaces reduces vibration by a damage-reducing degree. In one embodiment, the interface regions are serpentine shaped. In another embodiment, the interface regions are helical in shape. The interface regions may be simultaneously helical and serpentine in shape. The damping members may be fixed within the associated tubes, and damping member may be customized several interference regions having attributes chosen in accordance with desired flow characteristics and associated tube properties.

  4. The Murchison Widefield Array: The Square Kilometre Array Precursor at Low Radio Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goeke, Robert F.

    The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is one of three Square Kilometre Array Precursor telescopes and is located at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in the Murchison Shire of the mid-west of Western Australia, a ...

  5. A Review of "The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London" by Peter Hinds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swann, Adam

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Horrid Popish Plot?: Roger L?Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. xiv + 457 pp. + 37 illus. ?60.00. Review by adam swann, university of glasgow. Roger L... in reviews 39 Hinds? attempt to demonstrate the plausibility of the plot to Restora- tion Londoners: he explores the background anti-Catholic sentiment of the period and marshals a wealth of contemporary evidence to unpick the development of the Plot...

  6. A review of "Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality, Politics, and Literary Culture, 1630-1685." by James Grantham Turner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew J. Kinservik

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    274 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS debates and issues at the turn of the seventeenth century in its pages. James Grantham Turner. Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality, Politics, and Literary Culture, 1630-1685. Cam- bridge...: Cambridge University Press, 2002. xxii + 343 pp. + 10 illus. $65.00. Reviewed by MATTHEW J. KINSERVIK, UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE. Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality, Poli- tics, and Literary Culture, 1630-1685 is an ambitious...

  7. Field- and temperature induced topological phase transitions in the three-dimensional $N$-component London superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Smiseth; E. Smorgrav; E. Babaev; A. Sudbo

    2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase diagram and critical properties of the $N$-component London superconductor are studied both analytically and through large-scale Monte-Carlo simulations in $d=2+1$ dimensions (components here refer to different replicas of the complex scalar field). Examples are given of physical systems to which this model is applicable. The model with different bare phase stiffnesses for each component, is a model of superconductivity which should arise out of metallic phases of light atoms under extreme pressure. A projected mixture of electronic and protonic condensates in liquid metallic hydrogen under extreme pressure is the simplest example, corresponding to N=2. These are such that Josephson coupling between different matter field components {\\it is precisely zero on symmetry grounds}. The $N$-component London model is dualized to a theory involving $N$ vortex fields with highly nontrivial interactions. We compute critical exponents $\\alpha$ and $\

  8. A digital controlled solar array regulator employing the charge control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Y.J.; Cho, B.H. [Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A microprocessor controlled SAR system is presented. The inner analog loops employing the charge current control scheme continuously regulate the solar array output power according to the reference value generated by the ECU. The ECU consists of the peak power tracking and the battery charge current regulation algorithm. Modeling, analysis and a design procedure of the inner loops and the system loop are presented taking into account of interaction between the inner analog loops and the outer digital loops. Utilizing the inherent characteristics of the inner voltage and current loop, the system dynamic performance and stability can be optimized up to the speed limit of the microprocessor.

  9. Inverted-V chirped phased arrays of gain-guided GaAs/GaAlAs diode lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapon, E.; Lindsey, C.P.; Smith, J.S.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1984-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Inverted-V chirped arrays of multiple quantum well GaAs/GaAlAs lasers were grown by molecular beam epitaxy. These arrays consisted of seven gain-guided lasers whose stripe widths decreased, from the central laser to the outermost ones, symmetrically. This structure makes it possible to discriminate against the higher order array supermodes, which results in diffraction limited beams with a single lobe directed perpendicular to the laser facet. Single lobed far-field patterns, 3/sup 0/--4/sup 0/ wide, were obtained from inverted-V chirped arrays operated up to 1.5I/sub th/. The supermode structure of these arrays was identified by studying their spectrally resolved near fields.

  10. A knife-edge array field emission cathode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, B.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    many cathode applications require a new type of cathode that is able to produce short pulsed electron beams at high emission current. Gated field emitter arrays of micrometer size are recognized as candidates to meet this need and have become the research focus of vacuum microelectronics. Existing fabrication methods produce emitters that are limited either in frequency response or in current emission. One reason is that the structure of these emitters are not sufficiently optimized. In this study, the author investigated the factors that affect the performance of field emitters. An optimum emitter structure, the knife-edge field emitter array, was developed from the analysis. Large field enhancement factor, large effective emission area, and small emitter capacitance are the advantages of the structure. The author next explored various options of fabricating the knife-edge emitter structure. He proposed a unique thin film process procedure and developed the fabrication techniques to build the emitters on (110) silicon wafers. Data from the initial cathode tests showed very low onset voltages and Fowler-Nordheim type emission. Emission simulation based on the fabricated emitter structure indicated that the knife-edge emitter arrays have the potential to produce high performance in modulation frequency and current emission. Several fabrication issues that await further development are discussed and possible solutions are suggested.

  11. Scanning strategies for imaging arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kovacs

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-format (sub)millimeter wavelength imaging arrays are best operated in scanning observing modes rather than traditional position-switched (chopped) modes. The choice of observing mode is critical for isolating source signals from various types of noise interference, especially for ground-based instrumentation operating under a bright atmosphere. Ideal observing strategies can combat 1/f noise, resist instrumental defects, sensitively recover emission on large scales, and provide an even field coverage -- all under feasible requirements of telescope movement. This work aims to guide the design of observing patterns that maximize scientific returns. It also compares some of the popular choices of observing modes for (sub)millimeter imaging, such as random, Lissajous, billiard, spiral, On-The-Fly (OTF), DREAM, chopped and stare patterns. Many of the conclusions are also applicable other imaging applications and imaging in one dimension (e.g. spectroscopic observations).

  12. Selective and Rapid Room Temperature Detection of H2S Using Gold Nanoparticle Chain Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    Selective and Rapid Room Temperature Detection of H2S Using Gold Nanoparticle Chain Arrays Joun Lee conductometric hydrogen sulfide (H2S) sensor was fabricated by AC dielectrophoretic assembly of amino acid-ppm level, the upper detection limit of 2 ppm, and a response time ofH2S was achieved

  13. Reconfigurable Supercomputing with Scalable Systolic Arrays and In-Stream Control for Wavefront Genomics Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbordt, Martin

    Research (ICBR) University of Florida M. Herbordt Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Boston control information into the data stream, limiting wasted cycles and increasing hardware utilization Control for conventional systolic-array datapaths usually consists of a separate centralized controller

  14. Electronic structure of QD arrays: Application to intermediate-band solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK Abstract-Intermediate band solar cells (IBSC) have the thermodynamic efficiency limits of solar energy conversion. While tandem solar cells can the- oretically exceedNUSOD 2007 Electronic structure of QD arrays: Application to intermediate-band solar cells S

  15. The Long Wavelength Array System Technical Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    (frequency) DR Dynamic Range EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility FOV Field of View G.N.D. Galactic Noise Intermediate Array with 16 antennas (core) MCS Monitor and Control System ns nanosecond RFI Radio FrequencyThe Long Wavelength Array System Technical Requirements Version: Draft #9 2007-November-19 Compiled

  16. Low temperature London penetration depth and superfluid density in Fe-based superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyunsoo [Ames Laboratory] [Ames Laboratory

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The superconducting gap symmetry of the Fe-based superconductors was studied by measurements and analysis of London penetration depth and super uid density. Tunnel diode resonator technique for these measurements was implemented in a dilution refrigerator allowing for the temperatures down to 50 mK. For the analysis of the super uid density, we used both experimental studies of Al-coated samples and original thermodynamic approach based on Rutgers relation. In three systems studied, we found that the superconducting gap at the optimal doping is best described in multi-gap full gap scenario. By performing experiments on samples with arti#12;cially introduced disorder with heavy ion irradiation, we show that evolution of the superconducting transition temperature and of the super uid density are consistent with full-gap sign changing s#6; superconducting state. The superconducting gap develops strong modulation both in the under-doped and the over-doped regimes. In the terminal hole-doped KFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}, both temperature dependence of the super uid density and its evolution with increase of the scattering rate are consistent with symmetry imposed vertical line nodes in the superconducting gap. By comparative studies of hole-doped (Ba,K)Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and electron-doped Ca10-3-8, we show that the superconducting gap modulation in the under-doped regime is intrinsic and is not induced by the coexisting static magnetic order.

  17. Junction-side illuminated silicon detector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Patt, Bradley E.; Tull, Carolyn

    2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A junction-side illuminated detector array of pixelated detectors is constructed on a silicon wafer. A junction contact on the front-side may cover the whole detector array, and may be used as an entrance window for light, x-ray, gamma ray and/or other particles. The back-side has an array of individual ohmic contact pixels. Each of the ohmic contact pixels on the back-side may be surrounded by a grid or a ring of junction separation implants. Effective pixel size may be changed by separately biasing different sections of the grid. A scintillator may be coupled directly to the entrance window while readout electronics may be coupled directly to the ohmic contact pixels. The detector array may be used as a radiation hardened detector for high-energy physics research or as avalanche imaging arrays.

  18. Apply early! Limited enrollment.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    volcano. Experience the culture and history of Hawaii, and the impact of human activitiesApply early! Limited enrollment. Environmental Science in the Hawaiian Islands Observe, research

  19. Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Abstract: Hydrogen bond interactions in small covalent model...

  20. antenna array geometry: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and fabricated for automotive collision avoidance. The array is designed (more) Hernandez Aguirre, Jonathan 2013-01-01 333 A Non-planar CMUT Array for Automotive Blind...

  1. Imaging the Coso geothermal area crustal structure with an array...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    teleseismic events. Using array-processing techniques, we mitigate the effects of near surface scattered energy. Mini-arrays of seismometers allow for imaging of small-scale...

  2. affymetrix expression arrays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The main method for harnessing solar power is with arrays made up of photovoltaic (PV) panels. Accumulation-based cleaning methods for photovoltaic arrays are costly in time,...

  3. affymetrix expression array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The main method for harnessing solar power is with arrays made up of photovoltaic (PV) panels. Accumulation-based cleaning methods for photovoltaic arrays are costly in time,...

  4. array identifies genomic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CGH) with DNA microarrays has detection and identification, and functional genomics studies among related organisms. Array CGH has also 4 Tandemly Arrayed Genes in...

  5. High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production This...

  6. The London theory of the crossing-vortex lattice in highly anisotropic layered superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. E. Savel'ev; J. Mirkovic; K. Kadowaki

    2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel description of Josephson vortices (JVs) crossed by the pancake vortices (PVs) is proposed on the basis of the anisotropic London theory. The field distribution of a JV and its energy have been calculated for both dense ($a\\lambda_J$) PV lattices with distance $a$ between PVs, and the nonlinear JV core size $\\lambda_J$. It is shown that the ``shifted'' PV lattice (PVs displaced mainly along JVs in the crossing vortex lattice structure), formed in high out-of-plane magnetic fields transforms into the PV lattice ``trapped'' by the JV sublattice at a certain field, lower than $\\Phi_0/\\gamma^2s^2$, where $\\Phi_0$ is the flux quantum, $\\gamma$ is the anisotropy parameter and $s$ is the distance between CuO$_2$ planes. With further decreasing $B_z$, the free energy of the crossing vortex lattice structure (PV and JV sublattices coexist separately) can exceed the free energy of the tilted lattice (common PV-JV vortex structure) in the case of $\\gamma s<\\lambda_{ab}$ with the in-plane penetration depth $\\lambda_{ab}$ if the low ($B_x<\\gamma\\Phi_0/\\lambda_{ab}^2$) or high ($B_x\\gtrsim \\Phi_0/\\gamma s^2$) in-plane magnetic field is applied. It means that the crossing vortex structure is realized in the intermediate field orientations, while the tilted vortex lattice can exist if the magnetic field is aligned near the $c$-axis and the $ab$-plane as well. In the intermediate in-plane fields $\\gamma\\Phi_0/\\lambda_{ab}^2\\lesssim B_x \\lesssim \\Phi_0/\\gamma s^2$, the crossing vortex structure with the ``trapped'' PV sublattice seems to settle in until the lock-in transition occurs since this structure has the lower energy with respect to the tilted vortex structure in the magnetic field ${\\vec H}$ oriented near the $ab$-plane.

  7. Redundant arrays of IDE drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.A. Sanders et al.

    2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report tests of redundant arrays of IDE disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. Parts costs of total systems using commodity EIDE disks are now at the $4000 per Terabyte level. Disk storage prices have now decreased to the point where they equal the cost per Terabyte of Storage Technology tape silos. The disks, however, offer far better granularity; even small institutions can afford to deploy systems. The tests include reports on software RAID-5 systems running under Linux 2.4 using Promise Ultra 100{trademark} disk controllers. RAID-5 protects data in case of a single disk failure by providing parity bits. Tape backup is not required. Journaling file systems are used to allow rapid recovery from crashes. The data analysis strategy is to encapsulate data and CPU processing power. Analysis for a particular part of a data set takes place on the PC where the data resides. The network is only used to put results together. They explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, not pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and DVD-R disks.

  8. AGATA - Advanced Gamma Tracking Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Akkoyun; A. Algora; B. Alikhani; F. Ameil; G. de Angelis; L. Arnold; A. Astier; A. Ataç; Y. Aubert; C. Aufranc; A. Austin; S. Aydin; F. Azaiez; S. Badoer; D. L. Balabanski; D. Barrientos; G. Baulieu; R. Baumann; D. Bazzacco; F. A. Beck; T. Beck; P. Bednarczyk; M. Bellato; M. A. Bentley; G. Benzoni; R. Berthier; L. Berti; R. Beunard; G. Lo Bianco; B. Birkenbach; P. G. Bizzeti; A. M. Bizzeti-Sona; F. Le Blanc; J. M. Blasco; N. Blasi; D. Bloor; C. Boiano; M. Borsato; D. Bortolato; A. J. Boston; H. C. Boston; P. Bourgault; P. Boutachkov; A. Bouty; A. Bracco; S. Brambilla; I. P. Brawn; A. Brondi; S. Broussard; B. Bruyneel; D. Bucurescu; I. Burrows; A. Bürger; S. Cabaret; B. Cahan; E. Calore; F. Camera; A. Capsoni; F. Carrió; G. Casati; M. Castoldi; B. Cederwall; J. -L. Cercus; V. Chambert; M. El Chambit; R. Chapman; L. Charles; J. Chavas; E. Clément; P. Cocconi; S. Coelli; P. J. Coleman-Smith; A. Colombo; S. Colosimo; C. Commeaux; D. Conventi; R. J. Cooper; A. Corsi; A. Cortesi; L. Costa; F. C. L. Crespi; J. R. Cresswell; D. M. Cullen; D. Curien; A. Czermak; D. Delbourg; R. Depalo; T. Descombes; P. Désesquelles; P. Detistov; C. Diarra; F. Didierjean; M. R. Dimmock; Q. T. Doan; C. Domingo-Pardo; M. Doncel; F. Dorangeville; N. Dosme; Y. Drouen; G. Duchêne; B. Dulny; J. Eberth; P. Edelbruck; J. Egea; T. Engert; M. N. Erduran; S. Ertürk; C. Fanin; S. Fantinel; E. Farnea; T. Faul; M. Filliger; F. Filmer; Ch. Finck; G. de France; A. Gadea; W. Gast; A. Geraci; J. Gerl; R. Gernhäuser; A. Giannatiempo; A. Giaz; L. Gibelin; A. Givechev; N. Goel; V. González; A. Gottardo; X. Grave; J. Gr?bosz; R. Griffiths; A. N. Grint; P. Gros; L. Guevara; M. Gulmini; A. Görgen; H. T. M. Ha; T. Habermann; L. J. Harkness; H. Harroch; K. Hauschild; C. He; A. Hernández-Prieto; B. Hervieu; H. Hess; T. Hüyük; E. Ince; R. Isocrate; G. Jaworski; A. Johnson; J. Jolie; P. Jones; B. Jonson; P. Joshi; D. S. Judson; A. Jungclaus; M. Kaci; N. Karkour; M. Karolak; A. Ka?ka?; M. Kebbiri; R. S. Kempley; A. Khaplanov; S. Klupp; M. Kogimtzis; I. Kojouharov; A. Korichi; W. Korten; Th. Kröll; R. Krücken; N. Kurz; B. Y. Ky; M. Labiche; X. Lafay; L. Lavergne; I. H. Lazarus; S. Leboutelier; F. Lefebvre; E. Legay; L. Legeard; F. Lelli; S. M. Lenzi; S. Leoni; A. Lermitage; D. Lersch; J. Leske; S. C. Letts; S. Lhenoret; R. M. Lieder; D. Linget; J. Ljungvall; A. Lopez-Martens; A. Lotodé; S. Lunardi; A. Maj; J. van der Marel; Y. Mariette; N. Marginean; R. Marginean; G. Maron; A. R. Mather; W. M?czy?ski; V. Mendéz; P. Medina; B. Melon; R. Menegazzo; D. Mengoni; E. Merchan; L. Mihailescu; C. Michelagnoli; J. Mierzejewski; L. Milechina; B. Million; K. Mitev; P. Molini; D. Montanari; S. Moon; F. Morbiducci; R. Moro; P. S. Morrall; O. Möller; A. Nannini; D. R. Napoli; L. Nelson; M. Nespolo; V. L. Ngo; M. Nicoletto; R. Nicolini; Y. Le Noa; P. J. Nolan; M. Norman; J. Nyberg; A. Obertelli; A. Olariu; R. Orlandi; D. C. Oxley; C. Özben; M. Ozille; C. Oziol; E. Pachoud; M. Palacz; J. Palin; J. Pancin; C. Parisel; P. Pariset; G. Pascovici; R. Peghin; L. Pellegri; A. Perego; S. Perrier; M. Petcu; P. Petkov; C. Petrache; E. Pierre; N. Pietralla; S. Pietri; M. Pignanelli; I. Piqueras; Z. Podolyak; P. Le Pouhalec; J. Pouthas; D. Pugnére; V. F. E. Pucknell; A. Pullia; B. Quintana; R. Raine; G. Rainovski; L. Ramina; G. Rampazzo; G. La Rana; M. Rebeschini; F. Recchia; N. Redon; M. Reese; P. Reiter; P. H. Regan; S. Riboldi; M. Richer; M. Rigato; S. Rigby; G. Ripamonti; A. P. Robinson; J. Robin; J. Roccaz; J. -A. Ropert; B. Rossé; C. Rossi Alvarez; D. Rosso; B. Rubio; D. Rudolph; F. Saillant; E. ?ahin; F. Salomon; M. -D. Salsac; J. Salt; G. Salvato; J. Sampson; E. Sanchis; C. Santos; H. Schaffner; M. Schlarb; D. P. Scraggs; D. Seddon; M. ?enyi?it; M. -H. Sigward; G. Simpson; J. Simpson; M. Slee; J. F. Smith; P. Sona; B. Sowicki; P. Spolaore; C. Stahl; T. Stanios; E. Stefanova; O. Stézowski; J. Strachan; G. Suliman; P. -A. Söderström; J. L. Tain; S. Tanguy; S. Tashenov; Ch. Theisen; J. Thornhill; F. Tomasi; N. Toniolo; R. Touzery; B. Travers; A. Triossi; M. Tripon; K. M. M. Tun-Lanoë; M. Turcato; C. Unsworth; C. A. Ur; J. J. Valiente-Dobon; V. Vandone; E. Vardaci; R. Venturelli; F. Veronese; Ch. Veyssiere; E. Viscione; R. Wadsworth; P. M. Walker; N. Warr; C. Weber; D. Weisshaar; D. Wells; O. Wieland; A. Wiens; G. Wittwer; H. J. Wollersheim; F. Zocca; N. V. Zamfir; M. Zi?bli?ski; A. Zucchiatti

    2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced GAmma Tracking Array (AGATA) is a European project to develop and operate the next generation gamma-ray spectrometer. AGATA is based on the technique of gamma-ray energy tracking in electrically segmented high-purity germanium crystals. This technique requires the accurate determination of the energy, time and position of every interaction as a gamma ray deposits its energy within the detector volume. Reconstruction of the full interaction path results in a detector with very high efficiency and excellent spectral response. The realization of gamma-ray tracking and AGATA is a result of many technical advances. These include the development of encapsulated highly-segmented germanium detectors assembled in a triple cluster detector cryostat, an electronics system with fast digital sampling and a data acquisition system to process the data at a high rate. The full characterization of the crystals was measured and compared with detector-response simulations. This enabled pulse-shape analysis algorithms, to extract energy, time and position, to be employed. In addition, tracking algorithms for event reconstruction were developed. The first phase of AGATA is now complete and operational in its first physics campaign. In the future AGATA will be moved between laboratories in Europe and operated in a series of campaigns to take advantage of the different beams and facilities available to maximize its science output. The paper reviews all the achievements made in the AGATA project including all the necessary infrastructure to operate and support the spectrometer.

  9. Optical limiting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McBranch, Duncan W. (Santa Fe, NM); Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Koskelo, Aaron C. (Los Alamos, NM); Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Robinson, Jeanne M. (Los Alamos, NM); Smilowitz, Laura B. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Cha, Myoungsik (Goleta, CA); Sariciftci, N. Serdar (Santa Barbara, CA); Hummelen, Jan C. (Groningen, NL)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.

  10. Synchronization of Limit Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changpin Li; Weihua Deng

    2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Letter, we derive a sufficient condition of synchronizing limit sets (attractors and repellers) by using the linear feedback control technique proposed here. There examples are included. The numerical simulations and computer graphics show that our method work well.

  11. Quantum Limits of Thermometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas M. Stace

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The precision of typical thermometers consisting of $N$ particles is shot noise limited, improving as $\\sim1/\\sqrt{N}$. For high precision thermometry and thermometric standards this presents an important theoretical noise floor. Here it is demonstrated that thermometry may be mapped onto the problem of phase estimation, and using techniques from optimal phase estimation, it follows that the scaling of the precision of a thermometer may in principle be improved to $\\sim1/N$, representing a Heisenberg limit to thermometry.

  12. Stimuli-responsive polymer nanotube arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chia, Khek-Khiang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanotube arrays, composed of materials such as carbon, titania, and zinc oxide, have shown potential as conductors, energy conversion devices, actuators, and adhesives. Such nanoscale constructs are particularly novel for ...

  13. Science with the Murchison Widefield Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappallo, Roger J.

    Significant new opportunities for astrophysics and cosmology have been identified at low radio frequencies. The Murchison Widefield Array is the first telescope in the southern hemisphere designed specifically to explore ...

  14. Simulation Methodologies for Satellite Solar Array Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenizadeh, Navid

    2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , and control. It generally consists of two functions, i.e. free vibration analysis (modal analysis) and response analysis (steady-state and transient analysis). The thesis starts with introducing the solar array considered for our study and then continues...

  15. Solid waste drum array fire performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louie, R.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Haecker, C.F. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., Kennewick, WA (United States); Beitel, J.J.; Gottuck, D.T.; Rhodes, B.T.; Bayier, C.L. [Hughes Associates, Inc., Baltimore, MD (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fire hazards associated with drum storage of radioactively contaminated waste are a major concern in DOE waste storage facilities. This report is the second of two reports on fire testing designed to provide data relative to the propagation of a fire among storage drum arrays. The first report covers testing of individual drums subjected to an initiating fire and the development of the analytical methodology to predict fire propagation among storage drum arrays. This report is the second report, which documents the results of drum array fire tests. The purpose of the array tests was to confirm the analytical methodology developed by Phase I fire testing. These tests provide conclusive evidence that fire will not propagate from drum to drum unless an continuous fuel source other than drum contents is provided.

  16. Density controlled carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng F. (Newton, MA); Tu, Yi (Belmont, MA)

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    CNT materials comprising aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with pre-determined site densities, catalyst substrate materials for obtaining them and methods for forming aligned CNTs with controllable densities on such catalyst substrate materials are described. The fabrication of films comprising site-density controlled vertically aligned CNT arrays of the invention with variable field emission characteristics, whereby the field emission properties of the films are controlled by independently varying the length of CNTs in the aligned array within the film or by independently varying inter-tubule spacing of the CNTs within the array (site density) are disclosed. The fabrication of microelectrode arrays (MEAs) formed utilizing the carbon nanotube material of the invention is also described.

  17. Low-cost laser diode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freitas, B.L.; Skidmore, J.A.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost laser diode array. A substrate is machined from an electrically insulative material that is thermally conductive, or two substrates can be bonded together in which the top substrate is electrically as well as thermally conductive. The substrate thickness is slightly longer than the cavity length, and the width of the groove is wide enough to contain a bar and spring (which secures the laser bar firmly along one face of the groove). The spring also provides electrical continuity from the backside of the bar to the adjacent metalization layer on the laser bar substrate. Arrays containing one or more bars can be formed by creating many grooves at various spacings. Along the groove, many bars can be adjoined at the edges to provide parallel electrical conduction. This architecture allows precise and predictable registration of an array of laser bars to a self-aligned microlens array at low cost. 19 figs.

  18. Low-cost laser diode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freitas, Barry L. (Livermore, CA); Skidmore, Jay A. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost laser diode array. A substrate is machined from an electrically insulative material that is thermally conductive, or two substrates can be bonded together in which the top substrate is electrically as well as thermally conductive. The substrate thickness is slightly longer than the cavity length, and the width of the groove is wide enough to contain a bar and spring (which secures the laser bar firmly along one face of the groove). The spring also provides electrical continuity from the backside of the bar to the adjacent metalization layer on the laser bar substrate. Arrays containing one or more bars can be formed by creating many grooves at various spacings. Along the groove, many bars can be adjoined at the edges to provide parallel electrical conduction. This architecture allows precise and predictable registration of an array of laser bars to a self-aligned microlens array at low cost.

  19. Electromagnetic formation flight of satellite arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Daniel W., 1980-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposed methods of actuating spacecraft in sparse aperture arrays use propellant as a reaction mass. For formation flying systems, propellant becomes a critical consumable which can be quickly exhausted while maintaining ...

  20. Array combination for parallel imaging in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Dan Kenrick

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................103 Figure 51. Diagram of geometry used...........................................................................104 Figure 52. 64 element 8x8 grid array SNR map using 64 receivers. ............................105 Figure 53. 64 element 8x8 grid...-factor maps for point combined array......................................................117 Figure 63. SENSE reconstructions using point combined array...................................118 Figure 64. Grid array geometry used for simulation...

  1. Antiguided array diode lasers fabricated with modulated cap thin p-clad structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O, J.S.; Zory, P.S. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Schwartz, B.D.; Setzko, R.S. [Raytheon Optical Systems, Danbury, CT (United States)] [Raytheon Optical Systems, Danbury, CT (United States); Emanuel, M.A.; Sperry, V.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Antiguided array lasers were fabricated in thin p-clad, InGaAs-GaAs single quantum-well material. The required lateral refractive index variation was achieved by precisely modulating the thickness of the GaAs cap layer using a novel pulsed anodization/etching technique. Edge-emitting arrays having 20 lasers on 7-{micro}m centers with 5-{micro}m-wide gain regions were characterized. At 1.2 times the pulsed current threshold (I{sub th}), the central lobe of the lateral far field of the arrays contained about 75% of the beam power and was about twice the diffraction limit (FWHM = 0.8{degree}). At 10 {times} I{sub th}, the central lobe contained about 60% of the beam power and was about 1.6 {degree} wide.

  2. Conference title. Thomas Telford, London, 2003 Pressure Chamber Testing of Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Byron

    the coast of the United Kingdom. In the first instance many of the wind turbine structures will be founded. These indicated that significant tensile capacities are possible and are limited by cavitation of the pore fluid suction pressure is limited by cavitation of the pore fluid, the maximum available suction is much lower

  3. Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roppel, Thaddeus A.

    Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays the amount of data to be processed. This work is a first example in feature extraction from tin-oxide sensors element array of tin-oxide sensors is presented. Results are extrapolated to other arrays of chemical

  4. Optical limiting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McBranch, D.W.; Mattes, B.R.; Koskelo, A.C.; Heeger, A.J.; Robinson, J.M.; Smilowitz, L.B.; Klimov, V.I.; Cha, M.; Sariciftci, N.S.; Hummelen, J.C.

    1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO{sub 2}) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400--1,100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes. 5 figs.

  5. Computation on Spin Chains with Limited Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Alastair

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss how to implement quantum computation on a system with an intrinsic Hamiltonian by controlling a limited subset of spins. Our primary result is an efficient control sequence on a chain of hopping, non-interacting, fermions through control of a single site and its interaction with its neighbor. This is applicable to a wide class of spin chains through the Jordan-Wigner transformation. We also discuss how an array of sites can be controlled to give sufficient parallelism for the implementation of fault-tolerant circuits. The framework provides a vehicle to expose the contradictions between the control theoretic concept of controllability with the ability of a system to perform quantum computation.

  6. Western University, Economics, Faculty of Social Science 1151 Richmond St., London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2 t. 519.661.3500 f.519.661.3666 economics@uwo.ca www.economics.uwo.ca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    Economics Western University, Economics, Faculty of Social Science 1151 Richmond St., London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2 t. 519.661.3500 f.519.661.3666 economics@uwo.ca www.economics.uwo.ca NOTICE TO ALL FACULTY: Chair Department of Economics Faculty of Social Science The University of Western Ontario London

  7. Numeric-modeling sensitivity analysis of the performance of wind turbine arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lissaman, P.B.S.; Gyatt, G.W.; Zalay, A.D.

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the numerical model created by Lissaman for predicting the performance of wind turbine arrays has been made. Model predictions of the wake parameters have been compared with both full-scale and wind tunnel measurements. Only limited, full-scale data were available, while wind tunnel studies showed difficulties in representing real meteorological conditions. Nevertheless, several modifications and additions have been made to the model using both theoretical and empirical techniques and the new model shows good correlation with experiment. The larger wake growth rate and shorter near wake length predicted by the new model lead to reduced interference effects on downstream turbines and hence greater array efficiencies. The array model has also been re-examined and now incorporates the ability to show the effects of real meteorological conditions such as variations in wind speed and unsteady winds. The resulting computer code has been run to show the sensitivity of array performance to meteorological, machine, and array parameters. Ambient turbulence and windwise spacing are shown to dominate, while hub height ratio is seen to be relatively unimportant. Finally, a detailed analysis of the Goodnoe Hills wind farm in Washington has been made to show how power output can be expected to vary with ambient turbulence, wind speed, and wind direction.

  8. A Digital-Receiver for the Murchison Widefield Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabu, Thiagaraj; Roshi, D Anish; Kamini, P A; Madhavi, S; Emrich, David; Crosse, Brian; Williams, Andrew J; Waterson, Mark; Deshpande, Avinash A; Shankar, N Udaya; Subrahmanyan, Ravi; Briggs, Frank H; Goeke, Robert F; Tingay, Steven J; Johnston-Hollitt, Melanie; R, Gopalakrishna M; Morgan, Edward H; Pathikulangara, Joseph; Bunton, John D; Hampson, Grant; Williams, Christopher; Ord, Stephen M; Wayth, Randall B; Kumar, Deepak; Morales, Miguel F; deSouza, Ludi; Kratzenberg, Eric; Pallot, D; McWhirter, Russell; Hazelton, Bryna J; Arcus, Wayne; Barnes, David G; Bernardi, Gianni; Booler, T; Bowman, Judd D; Cappallo, Roger J; Corey, Brian E; Greenhill, Lincoln J; Herne, David; Hewitt, Jacqueline N; Kaplan, David L; Kasper, Justin C; Kincaid, Barton B; Koenig, Ronald; Lonsdale, Colin J; Lynch, Mervyn J; Mitchell, Daniel A; Oberoi, Divya; Remillard, Ronald A; Rogers, Alan E; Salah, Joseph E; Sault, Robert J; Stevens, Jamie B; Tremblay, S E; Webster, Rachel L; Whitney, Alan R; Wyithe, Stuart B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An FPGA-based digital-receiver has been developed for a low-frequency imaging radio interferometer, the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). The MWA, located at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia, consists of 128 dual-polarized aperture-array elements (tiles) operating between 80 and 300\\,MHz, with a total processed bandwidth of 30.72 MHz for each polarization. Radio-frequency signals from the tiles are amplified and band limited using analog signal conditioning units; sampled and channelized by digital-receivers. The signals from eight tiles are processed by a single digital-receiver, thus requiring 16 digital-receivers for the MWA. The main function of the digital-receivers is to digitize the broad-band signals from each tile, channelize them to form the sky-band, and transport it through optical fibers to a centrally located correlator for further processing. The digital-receiver firmware also implements functions to measure the signal power, perform power equalization across ...

  9. Process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tewari, P.H.; Hunt, A.J.

    1985-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved supercritical drying process for forming transparent silica aerogel arrays is described. The process is of the type utilizing the steps of hydrolyzing and condensing aloxides to form alcogels. A subsequent step removes the alcohol to form aerogels. The improvement includes the additional step, after alcogels are formed, of substituting a solvent, such as CO/sub 2/, for the alcohol in the alcogels, the solvent having a critical temperature less than the critical temperature of the alcohol. The resulting gels are dried at a supercritical temperature for the selected solvent, such as CO/sub 2/, to thereby provide a transparent aerogel array within a substantially reduced (days-to-hours) time period. The supercritical drying occurs at about 40/sup 0/C instead of at about 270/sup 0/C. The improved process provides increased yields of large scale, structurally sound arrays. The transparent aerogel array, formed in sheets or slabs, as made in accordance with the improved process, can replace the air gap within a double glazed window, for example, to provide a substantial reduction in heat transfer. The thus formed transparent aerogel arrays may also be utilized, for example, in windows of refrigerators and ovens, or in the walls and doors thereof or as the active material in detectors for analyzing high energy elementary particles or cosmic rays.

  10. Process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tewari, Param H. (Milpitas, CA); Hunt, Arlon J. (Oakland, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved supercritical drying process for forming transparent silica aerogel arrays is described. The process is of the type utilizing the steps of hydrolyzing and condensing aloxides to form alcogels. A subsequent step removes the alcohol to form aerogels. The improvement includes the additional step, after alcogels are formed, of substituting a solvent, such as CO.sub.2, for the alcohol in the alcogels, the solvent having a critical temperature less than the critical temperature of the alcohol. The resulting gels are dried at a supercritical temperature for the selected solvent, such as CO.sub.2, to thereby provide a transparent aerogel array within a substantially reduced (days-to-hours) time period. The supercritical drying occurs at about 40.degree. C. instead of at about 270.degree. C. The improved process provides increased yields of large scale, structurally sound arrays. The transparent aerogel array, formed in sheets or slabs, as made in accordance with the improved process, can replace the air gap within a double glazed window, for example, to provide a substantial reduction in heat transfer. The thus formed transparent aerogel arrays may also be utilized, for example, in windows of refrigerators and ovens, or in the walls and doors thereof or as the active material in detectors for analyzing high energy elementry particles or cosmic rays.

  11. Silicon ball grid array chip carrier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Palmer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Gassman, Richard A. (Greensboro, NC); Chu, Dahwey (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ball-grid-array integrated circuit (IC) chip carrier formed from a silicon substrate is disclosed. The silicon ball-grid-array chip carrier is of particular use with ICs having peripheral bond pads which can be reconfigured to a ball-grid-array. The use of a semiconductor substrate such as silicon for forming the ball-grid-array chip carrier allows the chip carrier to be fabricated on an IC process line with, at least in part, standard IC processes. Additionally, the silicon chip carrier can include components such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors and sensors to form a "smart" chip carrier which can provide added functionality and testability to one or more ICs mounted on the chip carrier. Types of functionality that can be provided on the "smart" chip carrier include boundary-scan cells, built-in test structures, signal conditioning circuitry, power conditioning circuitry, and a reconfiguration capability. The "smart" chip carrier can also be used to form specialized or application-specific ICs (ASICs) from conventional ICs. Types of sensors that can be included on the silicon ball-grid-array chip carrier include temperature sensors, pressure sensors, stress sensors, inertia or acceleration sensors, and/or chemical sensors. These sensors can be fabricated by IC processes and can include microelectromechanical (MEM) devices.

  12. Use of automatically collected data for the preliminary impact analysis of the East London Line extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Albert (Albert Y.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from public transport automated data collection (ADC) systems are now widely used in academic research and are beginning to be used for planning purposes. ADC systems provide ubiquitous and inexpensive, if limited, ...

  13. Terabyte IDE RAID-5 Disk Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. We report on tests of redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now are less than the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  14. CURRENT LOS ALAMOS SFERIC ARRAY STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heavner, M.J.; Smith, D.A.; Harlin, J.

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of fast electric-field-change sensors has been operated in New Mexico, Texas, Florida, and Nebraska during 1998--2000 to improve identification of lightning processes responsible for VHF and optical signals detected by the FORTE satellite. Differential time of arrival methods are used to provide gee-locations of events from multi-station observations. A comparison of two dimensional location from the steric array and the National Lightning Detection Network operated by Global Atmospherics, Inc. is presented. Also, the time differences of multiple paths of the lightning signals to a station due to ionospheric reflection can be used to determine the altitude of a temporally narrow event. We present altitude determination of Compact Intracloud Discharges observed by the steric array and compare with the Kennedy Space Center Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) system in Florida.

  15. Method of fabricating a solar cell array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lazzery, Angelo G. (Oaklyn, NJ); Crouthamel, Marvin S. (Pennsauken, NJ); Coyle, Peter J. (Oaklyn, NJ)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A first set of pre-tabbed solar cells are assembled in a predetermined array with at least part of each tab facing upward, each tab being fixed to a bonding pad on one cell and abutting a bonding pad on an adjacent cell. The cells are held in place with a first vacuum support. The array is then inverted onto a second vacuum support which holds the tabs firmly against the cell pads they abut. The cells are exposed to radiation to melt and reflow the solder pads for bonding the tab portions not already fixed to bonding pads to these pads.

  16. Compound droplet manipulations on fiber arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyer, Floriane; Dreesen, Laurent; Vandewalle, Nicolas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent works demonstrated that fiber arrays may constitue the basis of an open digital microfluidics. Various processes, such as droplet motion, fragmentation, trapping, release, mixing and encapsulation, may be achieved on fiber arrays. However, handling a large number of tiny droplets resulting from the mixing of several liquid components is still a challenge for developing microreactors, smart sensors or microemulsifying drugs. Here, we show that the manipulation of tiny droplets onto fiber networks allows for creating compound droplets with a high complexity level. Moreover, this cost-effective and flexible method may also be implemented with optical fibers in order to develop fluorescence-based biosensor.

  17. Climate change after Bali If the estimated 10,000 that gathered in London in the rain last Saturday is anything

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    Climate change after Bali If the estimated 10,000 that gathered in London in the rain last Saturday is anything to go by, climate change occupies a marginal place on the global political agenda. In contrast undoubtedly delivered a blow to direct action, yet it is still hard to imagine climate change galvanizing

  18. Peter Groenewegen, The Minor Marshallians and Alfred Marshall: An Evaluation. London: Routledge Studies in the History of Economics, Taylor and Francis Group,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Peter Groenewegen, The Minor Marshallians and Alfred Marshall: An Evaluation. London: Routledge Studies in the History of Economics, Taylor and Francis Group, 2011. ISBN 978-0-415-57020-6. £95 hardback. Readers of the Marshall Studies Bulletin are familiar with the literature on post-Marshallian economics

  19. Presented at the Third International Meeting on Electrochromics in London, England, September 8, 1998 and accepted for publication in Electrochimica Acta.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-42277 OM-395 Presented at the Third International Meeting on Electrochromics in London or by exposing the film to hydrogen gas. Unlike amorphous oxide electrochromics, the transformation a simple gasochromic and electrochromic [2] switchable mirror can be constructed. Even better optical

  20. www.imperial.ac.uk/rajivgandhicentre Imperial College London and the Rajiv Gandhi Centre would like to thank founding Patrons: BP Foundation, The Kusuma Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.imperial.ac.uk/rajivgandhicentre Imperial College London and the Rajiv Gandhi Centre would like of focus are: · Energy · Health & Healthcare · Digital Economy · Urban Development (Transportation, Water Strategy · Entrepreneurship and Global Growth What We Offer The Rajiv Gandhi Centre is well

  1. Controlling the intracellular fate of cytosolic pathogens A PhD studentship based in the Section of Microbiology, Imperial College London.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Controlling the intracellular fate of cytosolic pathogens A PhD studentship based in the Section College London is seeking applications for a PhD studentship for October 2012 entry under the supervision courses for PhD students in a range of transferable skills. This, along with the wealth of scientific

  2. s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk CCS deployment 11 April 2008 Inst Public Policy Research, London 1 CCS : one tool for mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    .haszeldine@ed.ac.uk CCS deployment 11 April 2008 Inst Public Policy Research, London 3 World energy prediction (Business power Hydro power Other renewables Fossil fuel use doubles in next 30yr IEA 2004 World Energy outlook Fossil fuels will still provide most of world energy #12;s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk CCS deployment 11 April

  3. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 26 FEBRUARY 2014 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2120 Taming hurricanes with arrays of o shore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    models (Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (GFDL) and Hurricane Weather Research and Fore- casting to themselves? This study uses an advanced climate­weather computer model that correctly treats the energy only right behind the walls, and limit the access of populations to coastal zones. Large arrays of wind-wave

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS, FERROELECTRICS, AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, VOL. 43, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1996 893 Producing Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jian-yu

    1996 893 Producing Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams with Synthetic Array Experiment Jian-yu Lu, Member, called bowtie limited diffraction beams, was developed. These beams can achieve both low sidelobes and a large depth of field in medical imaging. In this paper, the production of bowtie beams in water

  5. Fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darmann, Francis Anthony

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.

  6. Adaptive and mobile ground sensor array.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holzrichter, Michael Warren; O'Rourke, William T.; Zenner, Jennifer; Maish, Alexander B.

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this LDRD was to demonstrate the use of robotic vehicles for deploying and autonomously reconfiguring seismic and acoustic sensor arrays with high (centimeter) accuracy to obtain enhancement of our capability to locate and characterize remote targets. The capability to accurately place sensors and then retrieve and reconfigure them allows sensors to be placed in phased arrays in an initial monitoring configuration and then to be reconfigured in an array tuned to the specific frequencies and directions of the selected target. This report reviews the findings and accomplishments achieved during this three-year project. This project successfully demonstrated autonomous deployment and retrieval of a payload package with an accuracy of a few centimeters using differential global positioning system (GPS) signals. It developed an autonomous, multisensor, temporally aligned, radio-frequency communication and signal processing capability, and an array optimization algorithm, which was implemented on a digital signal processor (DSP). Additionally, the project converted the existing single-threaded, monolithic robotic vehicle control code into a multi-threaded, modular control architecture that enhances the reuse of control code in future projects.

  7. ,;.. ,: . A Array E PCU Failure Modes,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    MANGAEMENT The automatic power management (APM) circuit provides for in- ternal or external dumping of excess prediction for the Power Conditioning Unit operating in standby redundant configuration is calculated on the Bendix designed Power Conditioning Unit for the Array E ALSEP System. The analysis reflects analysis

  8. Quantum search protocol for an atomic array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    without inversion @6#, 1050-2947/2001/64~2!/022304~5!/$20.00 64 022304- l for an atomic array M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 y, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 , 85748 Garching, Germany m University, Islamabad, Pakistan published 5 July 2001! d of ordinary...

  9. ROBOTIC DEVICE FOR CLEANING PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    for the environmental impact of fossil fuels, implementation of eco-friendly energy sources like solar power are rising** Green Project ­ Sustainable Technology and Energy Solutions Ippokratous 38-42 & Irakleitou, 152 38. The main method for harnessing solar power is with arrays made up of photovoltaic (PV) panels. Accumulation

  10. NO. REV. HO. ALSEP Array E Multilayer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    that reproduc- tion multilayer printed wiring boards meet the Supplier Qualification require- ments of JPLNO. REV. HO. ALSEP Array E Multilayer Printed Circuit Board Source Qualification Test Plan ATM 988 IPAGE 1 Of DATE This document provides a test plan for source or manufacturer qualification

  11. Dual-Fuel Combustion Turbine Provides Reliable Power to U.S. Navy Submarine Base New London in Groton, Connecticut

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halverson, Mark A.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In keeping with a long-standing tradition of running Base utilities as a business, the U.S. Navy Submarine Base New London installed a dual-fuel combustion turbine with a heat recovery boiler. The 5-megawatt (MW) gas- and oil-fired combustion turbine sits within the Lower Base area, just off the shores of the Thames River. The U.S. Navy owns, operates, and maintains the combined heat and power (CHP) plant, which provides power to the Navy?s nuclear submarines when they are in port and to the Navy?s training facilities at the Submarine Base. Heat recovered from the turbine is used to produce steam for use in Base housing, medical facilities, and laundries. In FY00, the Navy estimates that it will save over $500,000 per year as a result of the combined heat and power unit.

  12. (Limiting the greenhouse effect)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.

    1991-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.

  13. ARRAYS OF BOTTLES OF PLUTONIUM NITRATE SOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margaret A. Marshall

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November of 1981 thirteen approaches-to-critical were performed on a remote split table machine (RSTM) in the Critical Mass Laboratory of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington using planar arrays of polyethylene bottles filled with plutonium (Pu) nitrate solution. Arrays of up to sixteen bottles were used to measure the critical number of bottles and critical array spacing with a tight fitting Plexiglas® reflector on all sides of the arrays except the top. Some experiments used Plexiglas shells fitted around each bottles to determine the effect of moderation on criticality. Each bottle contained approximately 2.4 L of Pu(NO3)4 solution with a Pu content of 105 g Pu/L and a free acid molarity H+ of 5.1. The plutonium was of low 240Pu (2.9 wt.%) content. These experiments were sponsored by Rockwell Hanford Operations because of the lack of experimental data on the criticality of arrays of bottles of Pu solution such as might be found in storage and handling at the Purex Facility at Hanford. The results of these experiments were used “to provide benchmark data to validate calculational codes used in criticality safety assessments of [the] plant configurations” (Ref. 1). Data for this evaluation were collected from the published report (Ref. 1), the approach to critical logbook, the experimenter’s logbook, and communication with the primary experimenter, B. Michael Durst. Of the 13 experiments preformed 10 were evaluated. One of the experiments was not evaluated because it had been thrown out by the experimenter, one was not evaluated because it was a repeat of another experiment and the third was not evaluated because it reported the critical number of bottles as being greater than 25. Seven of the thirteen evaluated experiments were determined to be acceptable benchmark experiments. A similar experiment using uranyl nitrate was benchmarked as U233-SOL-THERM-014.

  14. Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects March 24, 2010 - 4:58pm Addthis The...

  15. Semiconductor nanowire array: potential substrates for photocatalysis and photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong

    Semiconductor nanowire array: potential substrates for photocatalysis and photovoltaics Yiying Wu, these nanowire arrays could find unique applications in photocatalysis and photovoltaics. KEY WORDS luminescence efficiency [5,6], enhancement of thermoelectric figure of merit [7] and lowered lasing threshold

  16. array image sensor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cMUT arrays phantoms. We have already fabricated 1D and 2D cMUT arrays, and tested the pulse-echo imaging Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. "Pierre" 89 REDUCTION OF PSELIDO VIBRATIONS IN...

  17. HEXAGONAL ARRAY STRUCTURE FOR 2D NDE APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dziewierz, J.; Ramadas, S. N.; Gachagan, A.; O'Leary, R. L. [Centre for Ultrasonic Engineering, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a combination of simulation and experimentation to evaluate the advantages offered by utilizing a hexagonal shaped array element in a 2D NDE array structure. The active material is a 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric composite structure incorporating triangular shaped pillars--each hexagonal array element comprising six triangular pillars. A combination of PZFlex, COMSOL and Matlab has been used to simulate the behavior of this device microstructure, for operation around 2.25 MHz, with unimodal behavior and low levels of mechanical cross-coupling predicted. Furthermore, the application of hexagonal array elements enables the array aperture to increase by approximately 30%, compared to a conventional orthogonal array matrix and hence will provide enhanced volumetric coverage and SNR. Prototype array configurations demonstrate good corroboration of the theoretically predicted mechanical cross-coupling between adjacent array elements (approx23 dB).

  18. Statistical Mechanics of Glassy and Complex Systems King's College London, May 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kühn, Reimer

    of prime order q. The properties were analysed in the thermodynamic limit of large matrices. Generalising) Quantifying and comparing complexity of cellular networks: structure beyond degree statistics We show for analysing cellular signalling networks at a macroscopic level (dependent on structural measures only

  19. Circular sensor array and nonlinear analysis of homopolar magnetic bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiesenborn, Robert Kyle

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????????.?........ 6 1.4 Organization????????????????...... 7 1.5 Original Contributions?????????????... 8 II CIRCULAR SENSOR ARRAY??????????????. 9 2.1 Introduction?????????????????.. 9 2.2 Description of Sensor Array??????????? 11 2....3 Numerical Simulation and Results????????.. 15 Single Sensor Failures???????????? 22 Double Sensor Failures???????????.. 28 2.4 Design of Sensor Array Prototype????????.. 32 2.5 Testing of Sensor Array Prototype????????. 36 2.6...

  20. Resource Limits and Conversion Efficiency with Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croft, Gregory Donald

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tional Energy Agency (IEA), 9 rue de la F´ed´eration, 75739by groups such as the IEA and the EIA. The Integrated Energyof the World, Report IEACR/51, IEA Coal Research, London, W.

  1. The Limits of Quintessence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, R.R.; Linder, Eric V.

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evidence that the simplest particle-physics scalar-field models of dynamical dark energy can be separated into distinct behaviors based on the acceleration or deceleration of the field as it evolves down its potential towards a zero minimum. We show that these models occupy narrow regions in the phase-plane of w and w', the dark energy equation-of-state and its time-derivative in units of the Hubble time. Restricting an energy scale of the dark energy microphysics limits how closely a scalar field can resemble a cosmological constant. These results, indicating a desired measurement resolution of order \\sigma(w')\\approx (1+w), define firm targets for observational tests of the physics of dark energy.

  2. Continuum limit for three-dimensional mass-spring networks and discrete Korn's inequality.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlyand, Leonid

    ) and the domain sizes (large scale)), which represents local energy in the neighborhood of a point. For periodic a discrete network of a large number of concen- trated masses (particles) connected by elastic springs. We. For generic non-periodic arrays of particles we describe continuum limit in terms of local energy

  3. Proceedings of the Third EPRI Phased Array Ultrasound Seminar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phased array technology for ultrasonic examination is providing innovative solutions for nuclear in-service examination applications. EPRI has been a prime mover in the development and deployment of phased array ultrasound applications in the domestic nuclear market over the past decade. As part of this strategic effort, EPRI has hosted a series of seminars on phased array technology and its applications.

  4. DNA ARRAY DECODING FROM NONLINEAR MEASUREMENTS BY BELIEF PROPAGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DNA ARRAY DECODING FROM NONLINEAR MEASUREMENTS BY BELIEF PROPAGATION Mona A. Sheikh, Shriram Compressed Sensing (CS) and demonstrate its utility in DNA array decoding. In a CS DNA microarray, the array spots identify DNA sequences that are shared between multiple organisms, thereby reduc- ing the number

  5. High resolution telescope including an array of elemental telescopes aligned along a common axis and supported on a space frame with a pivot at its geometric center

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norbert, M.A.; Yale, O.

    1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A large effective-aperture, low-cost optical telescope with diffraction-limited resolution enables ground-based observation of near-earth space objects. The telescope has a non-redundant, thinned-aperture array in a center-mount, single-structure space frame. It employes speckle interferometric imaging to achieve diffraction-limited resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio problem is mitigated by moving the wavelength of operation to the near-IR, and the image is sensed by a Silicon CCD. The steerable, single-structure array presents a constant pupil. The center-mount, radar-like mount enables low-earth orbit space objects to be tracked as well as increases stiffness of the space frame. In the preferred embodiment, the array has elemental telescopes with subaperture of 2.1 m in a circle-of-nine configuration. The telescope array has an effective aperture of 12 m which provides a diffraction-limited resolution of 0.02 arc seconds. Pathlength matching of the telescope array is maintained by a electro-optical system employing laser metrology. Speckle imaging relaxes pathlength matching tolerance by one order of magnitude as compared to phased arrays. Many features of the telescope contribute to substantial reduction in costs. These include eliminating the conventional protective dome and reducing on-site construction activities. The cost of the telescope scales with the first power of the aperture rather than its third power as in conventional telescopes. 15 figs.

  6. High resolution telescope including an array of elemental telescopes aligned along a common axis and supported on a space frame with a pivot at its geometric center

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norbert, Massie A. (San Ramon, CA); Yale, Oster (Danville, CA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large effective-aperture, low-cost optical telescope with diffraction-limited resolution enables ground-based observation of near-earth space objects. The telescope has a non-redundant, thinned-aperture array in a center-mount, single-structure space frame. It employes speckle interferometric imaging to achieve diffraction-limited resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio problem is mitigated by moving the wavelength of operation to the near-IR, and the image is sensed by a Silicon CCD. The steerable, single-structure array presents a constant pupil. The center-mount, radar-like mount enables low-earth orbit space objects to be tracked as well as increases stiffness of the space frame. In the preferred embodiment, the array has elemental telescopes with subaperture of 2.1 m in a circle-of-nine configuration. The telescope array has an effective aperture of 12 m which provides a diffraction-limited resolution of 0.02 arc seconds. Pathlength matching of the telescope array is maintained by a electro-optical system employing laser metrology. Speckle imaging relaxes pathlength matching tolerance by one order of magnitude as compared to phased arrays. Many features of the telescope contribute to substantial reduction in costs. These include eliminating the conventional protective dome and reducing on-site construction activities. The cost of the telescope scales with the first power of the aperture rather than its third power as in conventional telescopes.

  7. Supermode analysis of phase-locked arrays of semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapon, E.; Katz, J.; Yariv, A.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical characteristics of phase-locked semiconductor laser arrays are formulated in terms of the array supermodes, which are the eigenmodes of the composite-array waveguide, by using coupled-mode theory. These supermodes are employed to calculate the near fields, the far fields, and the difference in the longitudinal-mode oscillation wavelengths of the array. It is shown that the broadening in the far-field beam divergence, as well as the broadening of each of the longitudinal modes that were observed in phase-locked arrays, may arise from the excitation of an increasing number of supermodes at increasing pumping levels.

  8. Integrated field emission array for ion desorption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Resnick, Paul J; Hertz, Kristin L; Holland, Christopher; Chichester, David; Schwoebel, Paul

    2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An integrated field emission array for ion desorption includes an electrically conductive substrate; a dielectric layer lying over the electrically conductive substrate comprising a plurality of laterally separated cavities extending through the dielectric layer; a like plurality of conically-shaped emitter tips on posts, each emitter tip/post disposed concentrically within a laterally separated cavity and electrically contacting the substrate; and a gate electrode structure lying over the dielectric layer, including a like plurality of circular gate apertures, each gate aperture disposed concentrically above an emitter tip/post to provide a like plurality of annular gate electrodes and wherein the lower edge of each annular gate electrode proximate the like emitter tip/post is rounded. Also disclosed herein are methods for fabricating an integrated field emission array.

  9. Development of the Astro Edge solar array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spence, B.R.; Marks, G.W. [Astro Aerospace Corp., Carpinteria, CA (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Astro Edge solar array is a new and innovative low concentrator power generating system which has been selected for CTA Incorporated`s NASA Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative (SSTI) program. Under the program, Astro will design, develop, produce and qualify two flight Astro Edge wings to support a July 1996 launch of the SSTI SmallSat dubbed ``CLARK``. The Astro Edge was selected as a new technology to benefit future NASA and commercial missions by providing high specific power, high stiffness, low risk, low stowed volume, reliability, light weight, and cost reduction features to meet the agency`s better, faster, cheaper goals. A brief program overview of design requirements, configuration, subsystem description, analysis, and planned testing of the SSTI Astro Edge solar array is discussed.

  10. A laser-programmable gate array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullette, James Benjamin

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was investigated. A novel approach to the personalization of digital NMOS semicustom devices using laser re- structuring techinques was developed to expand the capabilities of current devices. A laser-programmable device offers logic designers an alternative... are determined the metal mask is designed and the final product is produced by completing the metallizat, ion on the preprocessed chips. B. Trade-ops Gate arrays have many advantages over fully custom integrated circuits 11''. This semicustom approach...

  11. Multinozzle Emitter Arrays for Nanoelectrospray Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Pan; Wang, Hung-Ta; Yang, Peidong; Wang, Daojing

    2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Mass spectrometry (MS) is the enabling technology for proteomics and metabolomics. However, dramatic improvements in both sensitivity and throughput are still required to achieve routine MS-based single cell proteomics and metabolomics. Here, we report the silicon-based monolithic multinozzle emitter array (MEA), and demonstrate its proof-of-principle applications in high-sensitivity and high-throughput nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry. Our MEA consists of 96 identical 10-nozzle emitters in a circular array on a 3-inch silicon chip. The geometry and configuration of the emitters, the dimension and number of the nozzles, and the micropillar arrays embedded in the main channel, can be systematically and precisely controlled during the microfabrication process. Combining electrostatic simulation and experimental testing, we demonstrated that sharpened-end geometry at the stem of the individual multinozzle emitter significantly enhanced the electric fields at its protruding nozzle tips, enabling sequential nanoelectrospray for the high-density emitter array. We showed that electrospray current of the multinozzle emitter at a given total flow rate was approximately proportional to the square root of the number of its spraying-nozzles, suggesting the capability of high MS sensitivity for multinozzle emitters. Using a conventional Z-spray mass spectrometer, we demonstrated reproducible MS detection of peptides and proteins for serial MEA emitters, achieving sensitivity and stability comparable to the commercial capillary emitters. Our robust silicon-based MEA chip opens up the possibility of a fully-integrated microfluidic system for ultrahigh-sensitivity and ultrahigh-throughput proteomics and metabolomics.

  12. Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

  13. A laser-programmable gate array 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullette, James Benjamin

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    process with double layer polysilicon, typicaHy used for capacitors, and single layer metal. The laser techniques used to program the devices were the interconnection of the over- lapping polysilicon layers and the cutting of metal and polysilicon links... Array The VLSI program at Texas A&M University was provided with a standard double-poly N-channel Metal Oxide Semiconductor (NMOS) process. It has been found that certain laser personalization techniques for creating and deleting con- nections...

  14. Bipolar battery with array of sealed cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL); Smaga, John A. (Lemont, IL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lithium alloy/metal sulfide battery as a dipolar battery is disclosed with an array of stacked cells with the anode and cathode electrode materials in each cell sealed in a confining structure and separated from one another except across separator material interposed therebetween. The separator material is contained in a module having separate perforated metallic sheets that sandwich opposite sides of the separator material for the cell and an annular insulating spacer that surrounds the separator material beyond the perforations and is also sandwiched between and sealed to the sheets. The peripheral edges of the sheets project outwardly beyond the spacer, traverse the side edges of the adjacent electrode material to form cup-like electrode holders, and are fused to the adjacent current collector or end face members of the array. Electrolyte is infused into the electrolyte cavity through the perforations of one of the metallic sheets with the perforations also functioning to allow ionic conductance across the separator material between the adjacent electrodes. A gas-tight housing provides an enclosure of the array.

  15. The Murchison Widefield Array: Design Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonsdale, Colin J; Morales, Miguel F; Briggs, Frank H; Benkevitch, Leonid; Bowman, Judd D; Bunton, John D; Burns, Steven; Corey, Brian E; deSouza, Ludi; Doeleman, Sheperd S; Derome, Mark; Deshpande, Avinash; Gopalakrishna, M R; Greenhill, Lincoln J; Herne, David; Hewitt, Jacqueline N; Kamini, P A; Kasper, Justin C; Kincaid, Barton B; Kocz, Jonathan; Kowald, Errol; Kratzenberg, Eric; Kumar, Deepak; Lynch, Mervyn J; Madhavi, S; Matejek, Michael; Mitchell, Daniel; Morgan, Edward; Oberoi, Divya; Ord, Steven; Pathikulangara, Joseph; Prabu, T; Rogers, Alan E E; Roshi, Anish; Salah, Joseph E; Sault, Robert J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, Jamie; Tingay, Steven; Vaccarella, Annino; Waterson, Mark; Wayth, Randall B; Webster, Rachel L; Whitney, Alan R; Williams, Andrew; Williams, Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a dipole-based aperture array synthesis telescope designed to operate in the 80-300 MHz frequency range. It is capable of a wide range of science investigations, but is initially focused on three key science projects. These are detection and characterization of 3-dimensional brightness temperature fluctuations in the 21cm line of neutral hydrogen during the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) at redshifts from 6 to 10, solar imaging and remote sensing of the inner heliosphere via propagation effects on signals from distant background sources,and high-sensitivity exploration of the variable radio sky. The array design features 8192 dual-polarization broad-band active dipoles, arranged into 512 tiles comprising 16 dipoles each. The tiles are quasi-randomly distributed over an aperture 1.5km in diameter, with a small number of outliers extending to 3km. All tile-tile baselines are correlated in custom FPGA-based hardware, yielding a Nyquist-sampled instantaneous monochromatic uv co...

  16. BLAXTER K.L., 1974. Metabolisable energy and feeding systems for ruminants. In : Proc. Nutr. Conf. Feed Manuf. 7 (H. Swan and D. Lewis, eds.) Butterworth, London, p. 3-25.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Nutr. Conf. Feed Manuf. 7 (H. Swan and D. Lewis, eds.) Butterworth, London, p. 3-25. BOER F. DE digestibility coefficients (ERIKSSON et al., 1976). References ANDERSEN P.E., BROLUND LARSEN J., SORENSEN M

  17. COMMENTARY:Limits to adaptation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An actor-centered, risk-based approach to defining limits to social adaptation provides a useful analytic framing for identifying and anticipating these limits and informing debates over society s responses to climate change.

  18. Self-organized Nano-lens Arrays by Intensified Dewetting of Electron Beam Modified Polymer Thin-films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ankur Verma; Ashutosh Sharma

    2011-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Sub-100 nm polymeric spherical plano-convex nano-lens arrays are fabricated using short electron beam exposures to selectively modify the ultrathin (films, followed by their intensified self-organized dewetting under an aqueous-organic mixture. A short exposure to e-beam locally modifies the polymer chains to effectively change the viscosity of the film in small domains, thus bringing in the dynamical dewetting contrast in the film that produces aligned and ordered dewetted nanostructures. Both negative and positive e-beam tone polymers are thus used to produce array of nano-lenses. The intensified self-organized dewetting under a water-organic solvent mixture overcomes the limitations on surface tension and dewetting force and thus facilitates the formation of sub-100 nm diameter polymer nanolenses of tunable curvature. By varying the extent of e-beam exposure, various configurations from isolated to connected nano-lens arrays can be fabricated.

  19. Array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes and method of producing the array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ivanov, Ilia N; Simpson, John T; Hendricks, Troy R

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes includes an elongate drawn body including a plurality of channels extending therethrough from a first end to a second end of the body, where the channels have a number density of at least about 100,000 channels/mm.sup.2 over a transverse cross-section of the body. A plurality of carbon nanotubes are disposed in each channel, and the carbon nanotubes are sufficiently dispersed and aligned along a length of the channels for the array to comprise an average resistivity per channel of about 9700 .OMEGA.m or less.

  20. A validated methodology for the prediction of heating and cooling energy demand for buildings within the Urban Heat Island: Case-study of London

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolokotroni, Maria; Bhuiyan, Saiful [Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge (United Kingdom); Davies, Michael; Croxford, Ben; Mavrogianni, Anna [The Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a method for predicting air temperatures within the Urban Heat Island at discreet locations based on input data from one meteorological station for the time the prediction is required and historic measured air temperatures within the city. It uses London as a case-study to describe the method and its applications. The prediction model is based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) modelling and it is termed the London Site Specific Air Temperature (LSSAT) predictor. The temporal and spatial validity of the model was tested using data measured 8 years later from the original dataset; it was found that site specific hourly air temperature prediction provides acceptable accuracy and improves considerably for average monthly values. It thus is a very reliable tool for use as part of the process of predicting heating and cooling loads for urban buildings. This is illustrated by the computation of Heating Degree Days (HDD) and Cooling Degree Hours (CDH) for a West-East Transect within London. The described method could be used for any city for which historic hourly air temperatures are available for a number of locations; for example air pollution measuring sites, common in many cities, typically measure air temperature on an hourly basis. (author)

  1. PV array simulator development and validation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Lucca, Roberto (Ametek Programmable Power, San Diego, CA); Deuel, Don (Ametek Programmable Power, San Diego, CA)

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to harvest all available energy from a photovoltaic (PV) array is essential if new system developments are to meet levelized cost of energy targets and achieve grid parity with conventional centralized utility power. Therefore, exercising maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms, dynamic irradiance condition operation and startup and shutdown routines and evaluating inverter performance with various PV module fill-factor characteristics must be performed with a repeatable, reliable PV source. Sandia National Laboratories is collaborating with Ametek Programmable Power to develop and demonstrate a multi-port TerraSAS PV array simulator. The simulator will replicate challenging PV module profiles, enabling the evaluation of inverter performance through analyses of the parameters listed above. Energy harvest algorithms have traditionally implemented methods that successfully utilize available energy. However, the quantification of energy capture has always been difficult to conduct, specifically when characterizing the inverter performance under non-reproducible dynamic irradiance conditions. Theoretical models of the MPPT algorithms can simulate capture effectiveness, but full validation requires a DC source with representative field effects. The DC source being developed by Ametek and validated by Sandia is a fully integrated system that can simulate an IV curve from the Solar Advisor Model (SAM) module data base. The PV simulator allows the user to change the fill factor by programming the maximum power point voltage and current parameters and the open circuit voltage and short circuit current. The integrated PV simulator can incorporate captured irradiance and module temperature data files for playback, and scripted profiles can be generated to validate new emerging hardware embedded with existing and evolving MPPT algorithms. Since the simulator has multiple independent outputs, it also has the flexibility to evaluate an inverter with multiple MPPT DC inputs. The flexibility of the PV simulator enables the validation of the inverter's capability to handle vastly different array configurations.

  2. Methods for validating the presence of and characterizing proteins deposited onto an array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schabacker, Daniel S. (Naperville, IL)

    2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of determining if proteins have been transferred from liquid-phase protein fractions to an array comprising staining the array with a total protein stain and imaging the array, optionally comparing the staining with a standard curve generated by staining known amounts of a known protein on the same or a similar array; a method of characterizing proteins transferred from liquid-phase protein fractions to an array including staining the array with a post-translational modification-specific (PTM-specific) stain and imaging the array and, optionally, after staining the array with a PTM-specific stain and imaging the array, washing the array, re-staining the array with a total protein stain, imaging the array, and comparing the imaging with the PTM-specific stain with the imaging with the total protein stain; stained arrays; and images of stained arrays.

  3. Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bora, Mihail; Bond, Tiziana C.; Fasenfest, Benjamin J.; Behymer, Elaine M.

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tunable plasmon resonant cavity arrays in paired parallel nanowire waveguides are presented. Resonances can be observed when the waveguide length is an odd multiple of quarter plasmon wavelengths, consistent with boundary conditions of node and antinode at the ends. Two nanowire waveguides can satisfy the dispersion relation of a planar metal-dielectric-metal waveguide of equivalent width equal to the square field average weighted gap. Confinement factors of over 10.sup.3 are possible due to plasmon focusing in the inter-wire space.

  4. Acoustic Array Development for Wind Turbine Noise Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buck, S.; Roadman, J.; Moriarty, P.; Palo, S.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the design and use of a multi-arm, logarithmic spiral acoustic array by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for measurement and characterization of wind turbine-generated noise. The array was developed in collaboration with a team from the University of Colorado Boulder. This design process is a continuation of the elliptical array design work done by Simley. A description of the array system design process is presented, including array shape design, mechanical design, design of electronics and the data acquisition system, and development of post-processing software. System testing and calibration methods are detailed. Results from the initial data acquisition campaign are offered and discussed. Issues faced during this initial deployment of the array are presented and potential remedies discussed.

  5. Synthetic Aperture Digital Beamsteering Array for Global Positioning System Interference Mitigation: A Study on Array Topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Joel K

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 3.5.5 Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 3.5.6 Decoding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.5.7 Position, Velocity, and Time (PVT) Determination . . . . . . 53 4. ANTENNA PHASED ARRAYS... Acquisition (C/A) Signal to Noise Floor[3] . . . . . . . . . . 46 3.10 Receiver Block Diagram[20] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 3.11 Software Defined Radio Receiver Block Diagram[20] . . . . . . . . . 49 3.12 Acquisition Frequency Doppler...

  6. Design of series-parallel connected thermionic converter arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mcvey, J.B.; Britt, E.J.; Fitzpatrick, G.O.; Dick, R.S.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications of thermionic converters require that a large number of converters be connected together in a series-parallel array in order to provide a useful output voltage. Such an array also serves to insure a very high overall system reliability, despite possible failures of individual converters. This paper predicts the effects of a nonuniform distribution of input power on the performance of such an array. 9 refs.

  7. Coordinated garbage collection for raid array of solid state disks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dillow, David A; Ki, Youngjae; Oral, Hakki S; Shipman, Galen M; Wang, Feiyi

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An optimized redundant array of solid state devices may include an array of one or more optimized solid-state devices and a controller coupled to the solid-state devices for managing the solid-state devices. The controller may be configured to globally coordinate the garbage collection activities of each of said optimized solid-state devices, for instance, to minimize the degraded performance time and increase the optimal performance time of the entire array of devices.

  8. The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing Simona Ginsburg route for the transition from sensory processing to unlimited experiencing, or basic consciousness. We the transition. We believe that the raw mate- rial from which feelings were molded by natural selection

  9. Limit theory for overfit models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calhoun, Grayson Ford

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    theory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.2 Asymptotic Theory and Main Results . . . . . . . . .Chapter 2 Limit theory for comparing over?t models out-of-

  10. array processing techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    telescope arrays MIT - DSpace Summary: Measurement and analysis of redshifted 21cm hydrogen emissions is a developing technique for studying the early universe. The primary time...

  11. antenna phased arrays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  12. advanced array techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  13. active phased array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  14. adaptive phased array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  15. array electrophoresis system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  16. array pulse shapers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  17. array implosion obtained: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  18. arrays technology dart: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  19. array shows potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  20. array technology dart: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  1. array beam controllers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  2. array technology final: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phased arrays is inspection speed: linear travel speeds of up to 100 mmsec are possible. Sizing is typically performed using diffraction approaches (TOFD and back diffraction),...

  3. array signal processing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Array Signal Processing Using Sequential Monte Carlo Methods William Ng, James P. Reilly model in the time-domain, and incorporates the Markov chain Monte Carlo methods 11,...

  4. advanced tracking arrays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    number of sources, and to a scenario where the targets cross. Our results Reilly, James P. 82 Compressed Sensing Application For Sparse Array Radar CiteSeer Summary:...

  5. array fabrication method: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    test method covers a procedure to determine the insulation resistance of a photovoltaic (PV) array (or its component strings), that is, the electrical resistance between the...

  6. array lasers emitting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes Jung Min Lee, Jae a class of light emitting diode (LED) with interesting mechanical, optical, and electrical characteristics,...

  7. array detector systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    System for a Neutron Detector Array Physics Websites Summary: a stable light emitting diode (LED) light source and a fiber optic network distributing the light to the...

  8. avalanche diode array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes Jung Min Lee, Jae a class of light emitting diode (LED) with interesting mechanical, optical, and electrical characteristics,...

  9. High-Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production Award Number: DE-EE00025828 Report Date: March 15, 2013 PI: Stephen Obrey * Technical approach is focused on...

  10. Phase-locked semiconductor laser array with separate contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, J.; Kapon, E.; Lindsey, C.; Margalit, S.; Shreter, U.; Yariv, A.

    1983-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new monolithic phase-locked semiconductor laser array has been fabricated. Employing two-level metallization, each of the eight elements in the array has a separate contact, thus making it possible to compensate for device nonuniformities and control the near-field and far-field patterns. Threshold currents are approximately 60 mA for each 5-..mu..m-wide laser in the array. Phase locking has been observed via the narrowing of the far-field pattern. Experimental results are compared to those obtained from the same arrays operated with all the lasers connected in parallel.

  11. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Microhole arrays for improved...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Microhole arrays for improved heat mining from enhanced geothermal systems Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About...

  12. atomic transition arrays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    individual sites within atom-trap arrays. Cecilia Muldoon; Lukas Brandt; Jian Dong; Dustin Stuart; Edouard Brainis; Matthew Himsworth; Axel Kuhn 2012-03-21 412 Interstellar...

  13. Array-conditioned deconvolution of multiple component teleseismic recordings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, C. -W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the applicability of an array-conditioned deconvolution technique, developed for analyzing borehole seismic exploration data, to teleseismic receiver functions and data preprocessing steps for scattered ...

  14. array aperture probes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Steam Energy Transport Network Jeff Cumpston1 Renewable Energy Websites Summary: -Stirling collectors for a range of ground-cover ratios in arrays arranged subject to a...

  15. Reversible Ratchet Effects for Vortices in Conformal Pinning Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Reichhardt; D. Ray; C. J. Olson Reichhardt

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conformal transformation of a uniform triangular pinning array produces a structure called a conformal crystal which preserves the six-fold ordering of the original lattice but contains a gradient in the pinning density. Here we use numerical simulations to show that vortices in type-II superconductors driven with an ac drive over gradient pinning arrays produce the most pronounced ratchet effect over a wide range of parameters for a conformal array, while square gradient or random gradient arrays with equivalent pinning densities give reduced ratchet effects. In the conformal array, the larger spacing of the pinning sites in the direction transverse to the ac drive permits easy funneling of interstitial vortices for one driving direction, producing the enhanced ratchet effect. In the square array, the transverse spacing between pinning sites is uniform, giving no asymmetry in the funneling of the vortices as the driving direction switches, while in the random array, there are numerous easy-flow channels present for either direction of drive. We find multiple ratchet reversals in the conformal arrays as a function of vortex density and ac amplitude, and correlate the features with a reversal in the vortex ordering, which is greater for motion in the ratchet direction. The enhanced conformal pinning ratchet effect can also be realized for colloidal particles moving over a conformal array, indicating the general usefulness of conformal structures for controlling the motion of particles.

  16. Microhole Arrays Drilled With Advanced Abrasive Slurry Jet Technology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Microhole Arrays Drilled With Advanced Abrasive Slurry Jet Technology To Efficiently Exploit Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last...

  17. annular array imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Glenn H. 26 The SORDS trimodal imager detector arrays MIT - DSpace Summary: The Raytheon Trimodal Imager (TMI) uses coded aperture and Compton imaging technologies as well as...

  18. array camera irac: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    photometric accuracy and stability. Residual images have been minimized. The Raytheon 256 x 256 InSb arrays incorporate a specially developed (for SIRTF) multiplexer and...

  19. array camera dark: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    photometric accuracy and stability. Residual images have been minimized. The Raytheon 256 x 256 InSb arrays incorporate a specially developed (for SIRTF) multiplexer and...

  20. arrayed imaging reflectometry: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Glenn H. 25 The SORDS trimodal imager detector arrays MIT - DSpace Summary: The Raytheon Trimodal Imager (TMI) uses coded aperture and Compton imaging technologies as well as...

  1. array comparative genome: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CGH) with DNA microarrays has detection and identification, and functional genomics studies among related organisms. Array CGH has also 2 De novo identification of...

  2. array comparative genomic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CGH) with DNA microarrays has detection and identification, and functional genomics studies among related organisms. Array CGH has also 2 De novo identification of...

  3. Quantum manipulation and simulation using Josephson junction arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xingxiang Zhou; Ari Mizel

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the prospect of using quantum properties of large scale Josephson junction arrays for quantum manipulation and simulation. We study the collective vibrational quantum modes of a Josephson junction array and show that they provide a natural and practical method for realizing a high quality cavity for superconducting qubit based QED. We further demonstrate that by using Josephson junction arrays we can simulate a family of problems concerning spinless electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions. These protocols require no or few controls over the Josephson junction array and are thus relatively easy to realize given currently available technology.

  4. Optimized Superconducting Quadrupole Arrays for Multiple Beam Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meinke, Rainer, B.; Goodzeit, Carl, L.; Ball, Millicent, J.

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project advanced the development of reliable, cost-effective arrays of superconducting quadrupole magnets for use in multi-beam inertial fusion accelerators. The field in each array cell must be identical and meet stringent requirements for field quality and strength. An optimized compact array design using flat double-layer pancake coils was developed. Analytical studies of edge termination methods showed that it is feasible to meet the requirements for field uniformity in all cells and elimination of stray external field in several ways: active methods that involve placement of field compensating coils on the periphery of the array or a passive method that involves use of iron shielding.

  5. Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer arrays as tunable acoustic metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lani, Shane W., E-mail: shane.w.lani@gmail.com, E-mail: karim.sabra@me.gatech.edu, E-mail: levent.degertekin@me.gatech.edu; Sabra, Karim G. [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 801Ferst Drive, Georgia 30332-0405 (United States); Wasequr Rashid, M.; Hasler, Jennifer [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Van Leer Electrical Engineering Building, 777 Atlantic Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States); Levent Degertekin, F. [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 801Ferst Drive, Georgia 30332-0405 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Van Leer Electrical Engineering Building, 777 Atlantic Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers (CMUTs) operating in immersion support dispersive evanescent waves due to the subwavelength periodic structure of electrostatically actuated membranes in the array. Evanescent wave characteristics also depend on the membrane resonance which is modified by the externally applied bias voltage, offering a mechanism to tune the CMUT array as an acoustic metamaterial. The dispersion and tunability characteristics are examined using a computationally efficient, mutual radiation impedance based approach to model a finite-size array and realistic parameters of variation. The simulations are verified, and tunability is demonstrated by experiments on a linear CMUT array operating in 2-12?MHz range.

  6. Initial Results of Magnetotelluric Array Surveying at the Dixie...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Structural Controls and Hydrothermal Alteration Abstract A new generation MT array measurement system was applied in a contiguous bipole deployment at the Dixie Valley thermal...

  7. Halbach array DC motor/generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA); Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An "inside-out" design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then "switched" or "commutated" to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives.

  8. Halbach array DC motor/generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.; Post, R.F.

    1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An ``inside-out`` design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then ``switched`` or ``commutated`` to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives. 17 figs.

  9. Synthesis and screening combinatorial arrays of zeolites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schultz, Peter G.; Xiang, Xiaodong; Goldwasser, Isy

    2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and apparatus for the preparation and use of a substrate having an array of diverse materials in predefined regions thereon. A substrate having an array of diverse materials thereon is generally prepared by delivering components of materials to predefined regions on a substrate, and simultaneously reacting the components to form at least two materials. Materials which can be prepared using the methods and apparatus of the present invention include, for example, covalent network solids, ionic solids and molecular solids. More particularly, materials which can be prepared using the methods and apparatus of the present invention include, for example, inorganic materials, intermetallic materials, metal alloys, ceramic materials, organic materials, organometallic materials, non-biological organic polymers, composite materials (e.g., inorganic composites, organic composites, or combinations thereof), etc. Once prepared, these materials can be screened for useful properties including, for example, electrical, thermal, mechanical, morphological, optical, magnetic, chemical, or other properties. Thus, the present invention provides methods for the parallel synthesis and analysis of novel materials having useful properties.

  10. FUEL CASK IMPACT LIMITER VULNERABILITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leduc, D; Jeffery England, J; Roy Rothermel, R

    2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Cylindrical fuel casks often have impact limiters surrounding just the ends of the cask shaft in a typical 'dumbbell' arrangement. The primary purpose of these impact limiters is to absorb energy to reduce loads on the cask structure during impacts associated with a severe accident. Impact limiters are also credited in many packages with protecting closure seals and maintaining lower peak temperatures during fire events. For this credit to be taken in safety analyses, the impact limiter attachment system must be shown to retain the impact limiter following Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) impacts. Large casks are often certified by analysis only because of the costs associated with testing. Therefore, some cask impact limiter attachment systems have not been tested in real impacts. A recent structural analysis of the T-3 Spent Fuel Containment Cask found problems with the design of the impact limiter attachment system. Assumptions in the original Safety Analysis for Packaging (SARP) concerning the loading in the attachment bolts were found to be inaccurate in certain drop orientations. This paper documents the lessons learned and their applicability to impact limiter attachment system designs.

  11. Performance Limits for Cherenkov Instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Hofmann

    2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of Cherenkov instruments for the detection of very high energy gamma rays is ultimately limited by the fluctuations in the development of air showers. With particular emphasis on the angular resolution, the ultimate performance limits are investigated on the basis of simulations.

  12. Congressional Request Limiting the Magnitude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as goals? Target: limit U.S. GHG emissions (e.g., national emission budget, or percent reduction) What is a reasonable share of U.S. emission reductions relative to the global targets? What is the implied emissions on atmospheric GHG concentrations? Target: limit atmospheric GHG concentrations (e.g., 450, 550 ppm CO2,eq) How

  13. Graphene based tunable fractal Hilbert curve array broadband radar absorbing screen for radar cross section reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xianjun, E-mail: xianjun.huang@manchester.ac.uk [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Hu, Zhirun [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Liu, Peiguo [College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a new type of graphene based tunable radar absorbing screen. The absorbing screen consists of Hilbert curve metal strip array and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) graphene sheet. The graphene based screen is not only tunable when the chemical potential of the graphene changes, but also has broadband effective absorption. The absorption bandwidth is from 8.9GHz to 18.1GHz, ie., relative bandwidth of more than 68%, at chemical potential of 0eV, which is significantly wider than that if the graphene sheet had not been employed. As the chemical potential varies from 0 to 0.4eV, the central frequency of the screen can be tuned from 13.5GHz to 19.0GHz. In the proposed structure, Hilbert curve metal strip array was designed to provide multiple narrow band resonances, whereas the graphene sheet directly underneath the metal strip array provides tunability and averagely required surface resistance so to significantly extend the screen operation bandwidth by providing broadband impedance matching and absorption. In addition, the thickness of the screen has been optimized to achieve nearly the minimum thickness limitation for a nonmagnetic absorber. The working principle of this absorbing screen is studied in details, and performance under various incident angles is presented. This work extends applications of graphene into tunable microwave radar cross section (RCS) reduction applications.

  14. Gamma-Hadron Separation Methods for the VERITAS Array of Four Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Krawczynski; D. A. Carter-Lewis; C. Duke; J. Holder; G. Maier; S. Le Bohec; G. Sembroski

    2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Ground-based arrays of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes have emerged as the most sensitive gamma-ray detectors in the energy range of about 100 GeV and above. The strengths of these arrays are a very large effective collection area on the order of 100,000 square meter, combined with excellent single photon angular and energy resolutions. The sensitivity of such detectors is limited by statistical fluctuations in the number of Cosmic Ray initiated air showers that resemble gamma-ray air showers in many ways. In this paper, we study the performance of simple event reconstruction methods when applied to simulated data of the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) experiment. We review methods for reconstructing the arrival direction and the energy of the primary photons, and examine means to improve on their performance. For a software threshold energy of 300 GeV (100 GeV), the methods achieve point source angular and energy resolutions of sigma[63%]= 0.1 degree (0.2 degree) and sigma[68%]= 15% (22%), respectively. The main emphasis of the paper is the discussion of gamma-hadron separation methods for the VERITAS experiment. We find that the information from several methods can be combined based on a likelihood ratio approach and the resulting algorithm achieves a gamma-hadron suppression with a quality factor that is substantially higher than that achieved with the standard methods used so far.

  15. Pixel array detector for time-resolved x-ray scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodricks, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Barna, S.L.; Gruner, S.M.; Shepherd, J.A.; Tate, M.W.; Wixted, R.L. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the development of a large-area hybrid pixel detector designed for time-resolved synchrotron x-ray scattering experiments where limited frames, with a high framing rate, is required. The final design parameters call for a 1024{times}1O24 pixel array device with 150-micron pixels that is 100% quantum efficient for x-rays with energy up to 20 keV, with a framing rate in the microsecond range. The device will consist of a fully depleted diode array bump bonded to a CMOS electronic storage capacitor array with eight frames per pixel. The two devices may be separated by a x-ray blocking layer that protects the radiation-sensitive electronics layer from damage. The signal is integrated in the electronics layer and stored in one of eight CMOS capacitors. After eight frames are taken, the data are then read out, using clocking electronics external to the detector, and stored in a RAM disk. Results will be presented on the development of a prototype 4{times}4 pixel electronics layer that is capable of storing at least 10,000 12-keV x-ray photons for a capacity of over 50 million electrons with a noise corresponding to 2 x-ray photons per pixel. The diode detective layer, electronics storage layer along with the radiation damage and blocking layers will be discussed.

  16. Arrays of nanoscale magnetic dots: Fabrication by x-ray interference lithography and characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heyderman, L.J.; Solak, H.H.; David, C.; Atkinson, D.; Cowburn, R.P.; Nolting, F. [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Nanomagnetism Group, Department of Physics, University of Durham, Rochester Building, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray interference lithography (XIL) was employed in combination with electrodeposition to fabricate arrays of nanoscale nickel dots which are uniform over 40 {mu}m and have periods down to 71 nm. Using extreme-ultraviolet light, XIL has the potential to produce magnetic dot arrays over large areas with periods well below 50 nm, and down to a theoretical limit of 6.5 nm for a 13 nm x-ray wavelength. In the nickel dot arrays, we observed the effect of interdot magnetic stray field interactions. Measuring the hysteresis loops using the magneto-optical Kerr effect, a double switching via the vortex state was observed in the nickel dots with diameters down to 44 nm and large dot separations. As the dot separations are reduced to below around 50 nm a single switching, occurring by collective rotation of the magnetic spins, is favored due to interdot magnetic stray field interactions. This results in magnetic flux closure through several dots which could be visualized with micromagnetic simulations. Further evidence of the stray field interactions was seen in photoemission electron microscopy images, where bands of contrast corresponding to chains of coupled dots were observed.

  17. Analog circuit for controlling acoustic transducer arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simplified ananlog circuit is presented for controlling electromechanical transducer pairs in an acoustic telemetry system. The analog circuit of this invention comprises a single electrical resistor which replaces all of the digital components in a known digital circuit. In accordance with this invention, a first transducer in a transducer pair of array is driven in series with the resistor. The voltage drop across this resistor is then amplified and used to drive the second transducer. The voltage drop across the resistor is proportional and in phase with the current to the transducer. This current is approximately 90 degrees out of phase with the driving voltage to the transducer. This phase shift replaces the digital delay required by the digital control circuit of the prior art.

  18. Sensor array for toxic gas detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL); Penrose, William R. (Naperville, IL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting and identifying a hazardous component in air or other gas including an array of small sensors which upon exposure to the gas from a pattern of electrical responses, a source of standard response patterns characteristic of various components, and microprocessor means for comparing the sensor-formed response pattern with one or more standard patterns to thereby identify the component on a display. The number of responses may be increased beyond the number of sensors by changing the operating voltage, temperature or other condition associated with one or more sensors to provide a plurality of responses from each of one or more of the sensors. In one embodiment, the instrument is capable of identifying anyone of over 50-100 hazardous components.

  19. Multipole surface plasmons in metallic nanohole arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishida, Munehiro; Kadoya, Yutaka

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quasi-bound electromagnetic modes for the arrays of nanoholes perforated in thin gold film are analyzed both numerically by the rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) method and semi-analytically by the coupled mode method. It is shown that when the size of the nanohole occupies large portion of the unit cell, the surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at both sides of the film are combined by the higher order waveguide modes of the holes to produce multipole surface plasmons: coupled surface plasmon modes with multipole texture on the electric field distributions. Further, it is revealed that the multipole texture either enhances or suppresses the couplings between SPPs depending on their diffraction orders and also causes band inversion and reconstruction in the coupled SPP band structure. Due to the multipole nature of the quasi-bound modes, multiple dark modes coexist to produce variety of Fano resonance structures on the transmission and reflection spectra.

  20. Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.

  1. Alignment method for solar collector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Driver, Jr., Richard B

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to an improved method for establishing camera fixture location for aligning mirrors on a solar collector array (SCA) comprising multiple mirror modules. The method aligns the mirrors on a module by comparing the location of the receiver image in photographs with the predicted theoretical receiver image location. To accurately align an entire SCA, a common reference is used for all of the individual module images within the SCA. The improved method can use relative pixel location information in digital photographs along with alignment fixture inclinometer data to calculate relative locations of the fixture between modules. The absolute locations are determined by minimizing alignment asymmetry for the SCA. The method inherently aligns all of the mirrors in an SCA to the receiver, even with receiver position and module-to-module alignment errors.

  2. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC); Meyer, Gerald J. (Baltimore, MD)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  3. Thermal microphotonic sensor and sensor array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Shaw, Michael J. (Tijeras, NM); Nielson, Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM); Lentine, Anthony L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermal microphotonic sensor is disclosed for detecting infrared radiation using heat generated by the infrared radiation to shift the resonant frequency of an optical resonator (e.g. a ring resonator) to which the heat is coupled. The shift in the resonant frequency can be determined from light in an optical waveguide which is evanescently coupled to the optical resonator. An infrared absorber can be provided on the optical waveguide either as a coating or as a plate to aid in absorption of the infrared radiation. In some cases, a vertical resonant cavity can be formed about the infrared absorber to further increase the absorption of the infrared radiation. The sensor can be formed as a single device, or as an array for imaging the infrared radiation.

  4. Periodic Arrays of M2-Branes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imtak Jeon; Neil Lambert; Paul Richmond

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider periodic arrays of M2-branes in the ABJM model in the spirit of a circle compactification to D2-branes in type IIA string theory. The result is a curious formulation of three-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of fermions, seven transverse scalars, a non-dynamical gauge field and an additional scalar `dual gluon'. Upon further T-duality on a transverse torus we obtain a non-manifest-Lorentz-invariant description of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills. Here the additional scalar field can be thought of as the components of a two-form along the torus. This action can be viewed as an M-theory description of M5-branes on ${\\mathbb T}^3$.

  5. Pin stack array for thermoacoustic energy conversion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keolian, Robert M. (Monterey, CA); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermoacoustic stack for connecting two heat exchangers in a thermoacoustic energy converter provides a convex fluid-solid interface in a plane perpendicular to an axis for acoustic oscillation of fluid between the two heat exchangers. The convex surfaces increase the ratio of the fluid volume in the effective thermoacoustic volume that is displaced from the convex surface to the fluid volume that is adjacent the surface within which viscous energy losses occur. Increasing the volume ratio results in an increase in the ratio of transferred thermal energy to viscous energy losses, with a concomitant increase in operating efficiency of the thermoacoustic converter. The convex surfaces may be easily provided by a pin array having elements arranged parallel to the direction of acoustic oscillations and with effective radial dimensions much smaller than the thicknesses of the viscous energy loss and thermoacoustic energy transfer volumes.

  6. The Spanish Square Kilometre Array White Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulido, J A Acosta; Alberdi, A; Alcolea, J; Alfaro, E J; Alonso-Herrero, A; Anglada, G; Arnalte-Mur, P; Ascasibar, Y; Ascaso, B; Azulay, R; Bachiller, R; Baez-Rubio, A; Battaner, E; Blasco, J; Brook, C B; Bujarrabal, V; Busquet, G; Caballero-Garcia, M D; Carrasco-Gonzalez, C; Casares, J; Castro-Tirado, A J; Colina, L; Colomer, F; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I; del Olmo, A; Desmurs, J-F; Diego, J M; Dominguez-Tenreiro, R; Estalella, R; Fernandez-Soto, A; Florido, E; Font, J; Font, J A; Fuente, A; Garcia-Burillo, S; Garcia-Benito, R; Garcia-Lorenzo, B; de Paz, A Gil; Girart, J M; Goicoechea, J R; Gomez, J F; Gonzalez-Garcia, M; Gonzalez-Martin, O; Gonzalez-Serrano, J I; Gorgas, J; Gorosabel, J; Guijarro, A; Guirado, J C; Hernandez-Garcia, L; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Herrero-Illana, R; Hu, Y-D; Huelamo, N; Huertas-Company, M; Iglesias-Paramo, J; Jeong, S; Jimenez-Serra, I; Knapen, J H; Lineros, R A; Lisenfeld, U; Marcaide, J M; Marquez, I; Marti, J; Marti, J M; Martinez-Gonzalez, E; Martin-Pintado, J; Marti-Vidal, I; Masegosa, J; Mayen-Gijon, J M; Mezcua, M; Mimica, S/ Migliari P; Moldon, J; Morata, O; Negueruela, I; Oates, S R; Osorio, M; Palau, A; Paredes, J M; Perea, J; Perez-Gonzalez, P G; Perez-Montero, E; Perez-Torres, M A; Perucho, M; Planelles, S; Pons, J A; Prieto, A; Quilis, V; Ramirez-Moreta, P; Almeida, C Ramos; Rea, N; Ribo, M; Rioja, M J; Espinosa, J M Rodriguez; Ros, E; Rubiño-Martin, J A; Ruiz-Granados, B; Sabater, J; Sanchez, M A P; Usero, A; Verdes-Montenegro, L; Vidal-Garcia, A; Vielva, P; Vilchez, J; Zhang, B-B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is called to revolutionise essentially all areas of Astrophysics. With a collecting area of about a square kilometre, the SKA will be a transformational instrument, and its scientific potential will go beyond the interests of astronomers. Its technological challenges and huge cost requires a multinational effort, and Europe has recognised this by putting the SKA on the roadmap of the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI). The Spanish SKA White Book is the result of the coordinated effort of 119 astronomers from 40 different research centers. The book shows the enormous scientific interest of the Spanish astronomical community in the SKA and warrants an optimum scientific exploitation of the SKA by Spanish researchers, if Spain enters the SKA project.

  7. A Phased Array Approach to Rock Blasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leslie Gertsch; Jason Baird

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of laboratory-scale simultaneous two-hole shots was performed in a rock simulant (mortar) to record the shock wave interference patterns produced in the material. The purpose of the project as a whole was to evaluate the usefulness of phased array techniques of blast design, using new high-precision delay technology. Despite high-speed photography, however, we were unable to detect the passage of the shock waves through the samples to determine how well they matched the expected interaction geometry. The follow-up mine-scale tests were therefore not conducted. Nevertheless, pattern analysis of the vectors that would be formed by positive interference of the shockwaves from multiple charges in an ideal continuous, homogeneous, isotropic medium indicate the potential for powerful control of blast design, given precise characterization of the target rock mass.

  8. Mirror Development for the Cherenkov Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Förster, A; Baba, H; Bähr, J; Bonardi, A; Bonnoli, G; Brun, P; Canestrari, R; Chadwick, P; Chikawa, M; Carton, P -H; De Souza, V; Dipold, J; Doro, M; Durand, D; Dyrda, M; Giro, E; Glicenstein, J -F; Hanabata, Y; Hayashida, M; Hrabovski, M; Jeanney, C; Kagaya, M; Katagiri, H; Lessio, L; MANDAT, D; Mariotti, M; Medina, C; Micha?owski, J; Micolon, P; Nakajima, D; Niemiec, J; Nozato, A; Palatka, M; Pareschi, G; Pech, M; Peyaud, B; Pühlhofer, G; Rataj, M; Rodeghiero, G; Rojas, G; Rousselle, J; Sakonaka, R; Schovanek, P; Seweryn, K; Schultz, C; Shu, S; Stinzing, F; Stodulski, M; Teshima, M; Travniczek, P; Van Eldik, C; Vassiliev, V; Wi?niewski, ?; Wörnlein, A; Yoshida, T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a planned observatory for very-high energy gamma-ray astronomy. It will consist of several tens of telescopes of different sizes, with a total mirror area of up to 10,000 square meters. Most mirrors of current installations are either polished glass mirrors or diamond-turned aluminium mirrors, both labour intensive technologies. For CTA, several new technologies for a fast and cost-efficient production of light-weight and reliable mirror substrates have been developed and industrial pre-production has started for most of them. In addition, new or improved aluminium-based and dielectric surface coatings have been developed to increase the reflectance over the lifetime of the mirrors compared to those of current Cherenkov telescope instruments.

  9. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Meyer, Gerald J.

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: ##EQU1## wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  10. Increasing the K-shell yield of line radiation in Z-pinch implosions using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao Delong; Ding Ning; Xue Chuang; Huang Jun; Zhang Yang; Ning Cheng; Sun Shunkai [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The variation of the K-shell yield of pure aluminum wire-array Z-pinch implosions with load parameters is discussed. The mechanism and the efficiency of increasing the K-shell yield using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays are numerically investigated. It has been shown that the maximum K-shell yield from a pure aluminum wire-array Z-pinch implosion can be obtained at an optimal load mass for a given generator and at a fixed initial wire-array radius. This optimal load mass is determined by the load energy coupling with the generator, the capability of Z-pinch plasmas to emit the K-shell radiation, and the self absorption of K-shell lines. For different generators, the optimal load mass increases as the drive current increases, and the line absorption limits the further increase of K-shell radiation. The coupled energy per ion is likely decreasing with increased mass, so the plasma might not be able to ionize into the K-shell. Also, the ability of the plasma to radiatively cool can increase with mass, thus, making it difficult for the plasma to ionize into and remain in the K-shell during the stagnation phase of the implosion. Alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays were thus suggested to be used to decrease the opacity of K-shell lines and to increase the overall K-shell yield. In this paper, we show that using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays will decrease the opacity and increase the K-shell yield remarkably if the plasma is optically thick. We will also show that the efficiency of increasing the K-shell yield with alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays cannot increase indefinitely. The ratio of K-shell yield from an alloyed Al/Mg wire-array to that from a pure aluminum wire-array reaches a limit. For example, we show that when the mass share of magnesium is 10% then this limit is 1.2, and for a 50% mass share, the limit is 1.3.

  11. CFRP STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING BY ULTRASONIC PHASED ARRAY TECHNIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CFRP STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING BY ULTRASONIC PHASED ARRAY TECHNIQUE A.S. Boychuk, A.S. Generalov deals with ultrasonic phased array (PA) application for high-loaded CFRP structural health monitoring of integrated CFRP structural health monitoring system based on FBGA for impact damage detection is described

  12. Current isolating epitaxial buffer layers for high voltage photodiode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Cooper, Gregory A. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of photodiodes in series on a common semi-insulating substrate has a non-conductive buffer layer between the photodiodes and the semi-insulating substrate. The buffer layer reduces current injection leakage between the photodiodes of the array and allows optical energy to be converted to high voltage electrical energy.

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Wake development in staggered short cylinder arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    edge of gas turbine airfoils. This study investigates the near wake flow as it develops through arrays Dh Duct hydraulic diameter Euu One-dimensional energy spectrum of streamwise velocity f Frequency H. Heat exchangers used in cooling gas turbine airfoils feature pin­fin arrays constrained by two solid

  14. Rapid Screening of Complex Chemical Samples via Capillary Array Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. S. Anex; D. W. Neyer

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a summary of the results of a two-year Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project that developed instrumentation and methods for capillary array analysis. During the course of this project, a new capillary array electrochromatography instrument was developed to perform eight simultaneous separations and provide complementary chromatographic information from each column on a single sample.

  15. Supermode control in diffraction-coupled semiconductor laser arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehuys, D.; Mitsunaga, K.; Eng, L.; Marshall, W.K.; Yariv, A.

    1988-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Supermode control is demonstrated theoretically and experimentally in diffraction-coupled semiconductor laser arrays. A linear theory is presented to determine the supermode threshold gain as a function of the coupling cavity length. By fabricating devices with different coupling cavity lengths, array operation in both the fundamental and highest order supermodes is achieved.

  16. Light scattering by an array of electric and magnetic nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floreano, Dario

    Light scattering by an array of electric and magnetic nanoparticles Braulio García-Cámara1, 2@unican.es Abstract: Light scattering by an array of alternating electric and magnetic nanoparticles is analyzed, "Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94

  17. Fast Photovoltaic Array Reconfiguration for Partial Solar Powered Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Fast Photovoltaic Array Reconfiguration for Partial Solar Powered Vehicles Jaemin Kim1 , Yanzhi during cruising using innovative fast photovoltaic array (PV) reconfiguration. Use of all the vehicle sur to install more PV modules, but it also results in severe performance degradation due to inherent partial

  18. Demonstration of the APRON Processor Array Simulation Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Piotr

    .barr@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk; p.dudek@manchester.ac.uk Abstract ­ A software tool for the development, prototyping and emulation a software system that can be used at all stages in the lifecycle of a CPA device. APRON (Array ProcessingDemonstration of the APRON Processor Array Simulation Software David R. W. Barr and Piotr Dudek

  19. MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED ANTIBODY ARRAYS FOR CELL SIGNALLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED ANTIBODY ARRAYS FOR CELL SIGNALLING ANALYSIS J. El-Ali1 , S we present the integration of protein arrays with a microfluidic device for analysis of cell a microfluidic segmented flow device that could achieve rapid stimulus and lysis of cells [1][2]. The device had

  20. Parallel optical nanolithography using nanoscale bowtie aperture array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Xianfan

    Parallel optical nanolithography using nanoscale bowtie aperture array Sreemanth M.V. Uppuluri of parallel optical nanolithography using nanoscale bowtie aperture array. These nanoscale bowtie aperture1805 photoresist. An interference-based optical alignment system was employed to position the bowtie

  1. Extraordinary infrared transmission through a periodic bowtie aperture array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Xianfan

    Extraordinary infrared transmission through a periodic bowtie aperture array Edward C. Kinzel to surface plasmon polariton (SPP) resonances and/or Rayleigh­Wood anomalies (RWA). Bowtie apertures to be strongly resonant. We demonstrate here that the total transmission through a bowtie aperture array can

  2. Bouncing Water Droplet on a Superhydrophobic Carbon Nanotube Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aria, Adrianus I

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past few decades, superhydrophobic materials have attaracted a lot of interests, due to their numerous practical applications. Among various superhydrophobic materials, carbon nanotube arrays have gained enormous attentions simply because of their outstanding properties. The impact dynamic of water droplet on a superhydrophobic carbon nanotube array is shown in this fluid dynamics video.

  3. Superhydrophobic surface enhanced Raman scattering sensing using Janus particle arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Superhydrophobic surface enhanced Raman scattering sensing using Janus particle arrays realized deposition is used to prepare polystyrene (PS)­Ag Janus particle arrays with superhydrophobic properties. Analyte molecules can be significantly enriched using the superhydrophobic properties of the PS­Ag Janus

  4. Microfluidic System for Solution Array Based Bioassays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dougherty, G M; Tok, J B; Pannu, S S; Rose, K A

    2006-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate new enabling technology for multiplex biodetection systems that are flexible, miniaturizable, highly automated, low cost, and high performance. It builds on prior successes at LLNL with particle-based solution arrays, such as those used in the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) successfully field deployed to multiple locations nationwide. We report the development of a multiplex solution array immunoassay based upon engineered metallic nanorod particles. Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} particles are fabricated by sequential electrodeposition of dissimilar metals within porous alumina templates, yielding optically encoded striping patterns that can be read using standard laboratory microscope optics and PC-based image processing software. The addition of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) coatings and target-specific antibodies allows each encoded class of nanorod particles to be directed against a different antigen target. A prototype assay panel directed against bacterial, viral, and soluble protein targets demonstrates simultaneous detection at sensitivities comparable to state of the art immunoassays, with minimal cross-reactivity. Studies have been performed to characterize the colloidal properties (zeta potential) of the suspended nanorod particles as a function of pH, the ionic strength of the suspending solution, and surface functionalization state. Additional studies have produced means for the non-contact manipulation of the particles, including the insertion of magnetic nickel stripes within the encoding pattern, and control via externally applied electromagnetic fields. Using the results of these studies, the novel Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} based assay was implemented in a prototype automated system with the sample processing functions and optical readout performed on a microfluidic card. The unique physical properties of the nanorod particles enable the development of integrated microfluidic systems for biodefense, protein expression studies, and other applications.

  5. Nonlinear optical localization in embedded chalcogenide waveguide arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Mingshan; Huang, Sheng; Wang, Qingqing; Chen, Kevin P., E-mail: kchen@engr.pitt.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States); Petek, Hrvoje [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the nonlinear optical localization in an embedded waveguide array fabricated in chalcogenide glass. The array, which consists of seven waveguides with circularly symmetric cross sections, is realized by ultrafast laser writing. Light propagation in the chalcogenide waveguide array is studied with near infrared laser pulses centered at 1040 nm. The peak intensity required for nonlinear localization for the 1-cm long waveguide array was 35.1 GW/cm{sup 2}, using 10-nJ pulses with 300-fs pulse width, which is 70 times lower than that reported in fused silica waveguide arrays and with over 7 times shorter interaction distance. Results reported in this paper demonstrated that ultrafast laser writing is a viable tool to produce 3D all-optical switching waveguide circuits in chalcogenide glass.

  6. Fresnel interferometric arrays for space-based imaging: testbed results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denis Serre; Laurent Koechlin; Paul Deba

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a Fresnel Interferometric Array testbed. This new concept of imager involves diffraction focussing by a thin foil, in which many thousands of punched subapertures form a pattern related to a Fresnel zone plate. This kind of array is intended for use in space, as a way to realizing lightweight large apertures for high angular resolution and high dynamic range observations. The chromaticity due to diffraction focussing is corrected by a small diffractive achromatizer placed close to the focal plane of the array. The laboratory test results presented here are obtained with an 8 centimeter side orthogonal array, yielding a 23 meter focal length at 600 nm wavelength. The primary array and the focal optics have been designed and assembled in our lab. This system forms an achromatic image. Test targets of various shapes, sizes, dynamic ranges and intensities have been imaged. We present the first images, the achieved dynamic range, and the angular resolution.

  7. Direct imaging with highly diluted apertures. I. Field of view limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Lardiere; F. Martinache; F. Patru

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Future optical interferometric instrumentation mainly relies on the availability of an efficient cophasing system: once available, what has so far postponed the relevance of direct imaging with an interferometer will vanish. This paper focuses on the actual limits of snapshot imaging, inherent to the use of a sparse aperture: the number of telescopes and the geometry of the array impose the maximum extent of the field of view and the complexity of the sources. A second limitation may arise from the beam combination scheme. Comparing already available solutions, we show that the so called hypertelescope mode (or densified pupil) is ideal. By adjusting the direct imaging field of view to the useful field of view offered by the array, the hypertelescope makes an optimal use of the collected photons. It optimizes signal to noise ratio, drastically improves the luminosity of images and makes the interferometer compatible with coronagraphy, without inducing any loss of useful field of view.

  8. Fundamental x-ray interaction limits in diagnostic imaging detectors: Spatial resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Ian

    , London, Ontario N6A 5K8, Canada, Departments of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, London Health transformed with the emergence of digital detector technology. Although digital systems offer many practical of future digital x-ray detectors. © 2008 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. DOI: 10

  9. Nanoscale array structures suitable for surface enhanced raman scattering and methods related thereto

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bond, Tiziana C.; Miles, Robin; Davidson, James C.; Liu, Gang Logan

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for fabricating nanoscale array structures suitable for surface enhanced Raman scattering, structures thus obtained, and methods to characterize the nanoscale array structures suitable for surface enhanced Raman scattering. Nanoscale array structures may comprise nanotrees, nanorecesses and tapered nanopillars.

  10. Passive fault current limiting device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Evans, Daniel J. (Wheeling, IL); Cha, Yung S. (Darien, IL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive current limiting device and isolator is particularly adapted for use at high power levels for limiting excessive currents in a circuit in a fault condition such as an electrical short. The current limiting device comprises a magnetic core wound with two magnetically opposed, parallel connected coils of copper, a high temperature superconductor or other electrically conducting material, and a fault element connected in series with one of the coils. Under normal operating conditions, the magnetic flux density produced by the two coils cancel each other. Under a fault condition, the fault element is triggered to cause an imbalance in the magnetic flux density between the two coils which results in an increase in the impedance in the coils. While the fault element may be a separate current limiter, switch, fuse, bimetal strip or the like, it preferably is a superconductor current limiter conducting one-half of the current load compared to the same limiter wired to carry the total current of the circuit. The major voltage during a fault condition is in the coils wound on the common core in a preferred embodiment.

  11. Passive fault current limiting device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Evans, D.J.; Cha, Y.S.

    1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive current limiting device and isolator is particularly adapted for use at high power levels for limiting excessive currents in a circuit in a fault condition such as an electrical short. The current limiting device comprises a magnetic core wound with two magnetically opposed, parallel connected coils of copper, a high temperature superconductor or other electrically conducting material, and a fault element connected in series with one of the coils. Under normal operating conditions, the magnetic flux density produced by the two coils cancel each other. Under a fault condition, the fault element is triggered to cause an imbalance in the magnetic flux density between the two coils which results in an increase in the impedance in the coils. While the fault element may be a separate current limiter, switch, fuse, bimetal strip or the like, it preferably is a superconductor current limiter conducting one-half of the current load compared to the same limiter wired to carry the total current of the circuit. The major voltage during a fault condition is in the coils wound on the common core in a preferred embodiment. 6 figs.

  12. The Knight of the Burning Pestle: analysis of production in a public theater and a private theater in seventeenth century London.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenck, Robert William

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was produced in 1635 in the Phoenix Theater in Drury Lane by Queen Henr1etta's Men, and it is quite possible that the show was seen again 1n a 1662 production in the Red Bull Theater in Clerkenwell by the King~s Men. These two playhouses-?the Phoenix... in Drury Lane i Con+ctural Reconstruction CHA PTER THE PLiT Before an analysis of the production of Q~~gg as i. t wae probably performed before the audiences of seventeenth century london, seas co+cents abaut the play itself seem to be in order...

  13. Upper limit on the primary photon fraction from the Pierre Auger Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Risse, Markus; /Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on observations of the depth of shower maximum performed with the hybrid detector of the Auger Observatory, an upper limit on the cosmic-ray photon fraction of 26% (at 95% confidence level) is derived for primary energies above 10{sup 19} eV. Additional observables recorded with the surface detector array, available for a sub-set of the data sample, support the conclusion that a photon origin of the observed events is not favoured.

  14. High-content array based screening technology for the identification of factors that regulate cell fate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brafman, David Adam

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E. , et al. , Micro-bioreactor array microenvironments. Labal. developed a micro-bioreactor array that was fabricatedbioreactors [54]. Each micro-bioreactor can be perfused with

  15. SciTech Connect: The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Authors: Harrison,...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - addressable electrode arrays Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 Multisegmented Au-MnO2Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Coaxial Arrays for High-Power Supercapacitor Applications Summary: hybrid coaxial arrays are efficient electrodes for...

  17. Multifunctional porous silicon nanopillar arrays: antireflection, superhydrophobicity, photoluminescence, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multifunctional porous silicon nanopillar arrays: antireflection, superhydrophobicity nanopillar arrays: antireflection, superhydrophobicity, photoluminescence, and surface-enhanced Raman without any optimization, and approaching superhydrophobic behavior with increasing aspect ratio

  18. GAiN: Distributed Array Computation with Python

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daily, Jeffrey A.

    2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific computing makes use of very large, multidimensional numerical arrays - typically, gigabytes to terabytes in size - much larger than can fit on even the largest single compute node. Such arrays must be distributed across a "cluster" of nodes. Global Arrays is a cluster-based software system from Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory that enables an efficient, portable, and parallel shared-memory programming interface to manipulate these arrays. Written in and for the C and FORTRAN programming languages, it takes advantage of high-performance cluster interconnections to allow any node in the cluster to access data on any other node very rapidly. The "numpy" module is the de facto standard for numerical calculation in the Python programming language, a language whose use is growing rapidly in the scientific and engineering communities. numpy provides a powerful N-dimensional array class as well as other scientific computing capabilities. However, like the majority of the core Python modules, numpy is inherently serial. Our system, GAiN (Global Arrays in NumPy), is a parallel extension to Python that accesses Global Arrays through numpy. This allows parallel processing and/or larger problem sizes to be harnessed almost transparently within new or existing numpy programs.

  19. Compensated individually addressable array technology for human breast imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, D. Kent (San Francisco, CA)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming broad bandwidth acoustic or microwave beams which encompass array design, array excitation, source signal preprocessing, and received signal postprocessing. This technique uses several different methods to achieve improvement over conventional array systems. These methods are: 1) individually addressable array elements; 2) digital-to-analog converters for the source signals; 3) inverse filtering from source precompensation; and 4) spectral extrapolation to expand the bandwidth of the received signals. The components of the system will be used as follows: 1) The individually addressable array allows scanning around and over an object, such as a human breast, without any moving parts. The elements of the array are broad bandwidth elements and efficient radiators, as well as detectors. 2) Digital-to-analog converters as the source signal generators allow virtually any radiated field to be created in the half-space in front of the array. 3) Preprocessing allows for corrections in the system, most notably in the response of the individual elements and in the ability to increase contrast and resolution of signal propagating through the medium under investigation. 4) Postprocessing allows the received broad bandwidth signals to be expanded in a process similar to analytic continuation. Used together, the system allows for compensation to create beams of any desired shape, control the wave fields generated to correct for medium differences, and improve contract and resolution in and through the medium.

  20. Page 1 of 14 UNSW Foundation Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    , Coca-Cola Amatil Limited and Ingeus Limited. David is Chairman of the National E-Health Transition

  1. Nanowire array photovoltaics: Radial disorder versus design for optimal efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturmberg, Björn C P; Botten, Lindsay C; Asatryan, Ara A; Poulton, Christopher G; McPhedran, Ross C; de Sterke, C Martijn

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar cell designs based on disordered nanostructures tend to have higher efficiencies than structures with uniform absorbers, though the reason is poorly understood. To resolve this, we use a semi-analytic approach to determine the physical mechanism leading to enhanced efficiency in arrays containing nanowires with a variety of radii. We use our findings to systematically design arrays that outperform randomly composed structures. An ultimate efficiency of 23.75% is achieved with an array containing 30% silicon, an increase of almost 10% over a homogeneous film of equal thickness.

  2. Light bullets in nonlinear periodically curved waveguide arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matuszewski, Michal; Garanovich, Ivan L. [Nonlinear Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Sukhorukov, Andrey A. [Nonlinear Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Centre for Ultra-high Bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict that stable mobile spatiotemporal solitons can exist in arrays of periodically curved optical waveguides. We find two-dimensional light bullets in planar arrays with harmonic waveguide bending and three-dimensional bullets in square lattices with helical waveguide bending using variational formalism. Stability of the light-bullet solutions is confirmed by the direct numerical simulations which show that the light bullets can freely move across the curved arrays. This mobility property is a distinguishing characteristic compared to previously considered discrete light bullets which were trapped to a specific lattice site. These results suggest new possibilities for flexible spatiotemporal manipulation of optical pulses in photonic lattices.

  3. Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, Edward E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The present invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput. The balance correlation response function for the self-supporting array pattern provides an accurate representation of the source of nonfocusable radiation.

  4. The effect of sandstorms on PV arrays and components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, J.P.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) systems deployed in desert areas are exposed to wind-blown particles during most of their lifetimes. Here I describe the characteristics of wind-blown particles and with their effect on exposed surfaces. I provide insights for use in array design to minimize the effects of exposure and keep system costs as low as possible. Finally, I present some data describing the exposure of polymer-encapsulated arrays to both field and laboratory wind-blown sand environments, and I present evidence that an encapsulated or ``soft`` array has a higher abrasion resistance and, therefore, a much higher probability of surviving a severe sand environment.

  5. The effect of sandstorms on PV arrays and components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, J P

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) systems deployed in desert areas are exposed to wind-blown particles during most of their lifetimes. Here I describe the characteristics of wind-blown particles and with their effect on exposed surfaces. I provide insights for use in array design to minimize the effects of exposure and keep system costs as low as possible. Finally, I present some data describing the exposure of polymer-encapsulated arrays to both field and laboratory wind-blown sand environments, and I present evidence that an encapsulated or soft'' array has a higher abrasion resistance and, therefore, a much higher probability of surviving a severe sand environment.

  6. Full light absorption in single arrays of spherical nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ra'di, Y; Kosulnikov, S U; Omelyanovich, M M; Morits, D; Osipov, A V; Simovski, C R; Tretyakov, S A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we show that arrays of core-shell nanoparticles function as effective thin absorbers of light. In contrast to known metamaterial absorbers, the introduced absorbers are formed by single planar arrays of spherical inclusions and enable full absorption of light incident on either or both sides of the array. We demonstrate possibilities for realizing different kinds of symmetric absorbers, including resonant, ultra-broadband, angularly selective, and all-angle absorbers. The physical principle behind these designs is explained considering balanced electric and magnetic responses of unit cells. Photovoltaic devices and thermal emitters are the two most important potential applications of the proposed designs.

  7. Nanopillars array for surface enhanced Raman scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.P. Chang, A; Bora, M; Nguyen, H T; Behymer, E M; Larson, C C; Britten, J A; Carter, J C; Bond, T C

    2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present a new class of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates based on lithographically-defined two-dimensional rectangular array of nanopillars. Two types of nanopillars within this class are discussed: vertical pillars and tapered pillars. For the vertical pillars, the gap between each pair of nanopillars is small enough (< 50 nm) such that highly confined plasmonic cavity resonances are supported between the pillars when light is incident upon them, and the anti-nodes of these resonances act as three-dimensional hotspots for SERS. For the tapered pillars, SERS enhancement arises from the nanofocusing effect due to the sharp tip on top. SERS experiments were carried out on these substrates using various concentrations of 1,2 bis-(4-pyridyl)-ethylene (BPE), benzenethiol (BT) monolayer and toluene vapor. The results show that SERS enhancement factor of over 0.5 x 10{sup 9} can be achieved, and BPE can be detected down to femto-molar concentration level. The results also show promising potential for the use of these substrates in environmental monitoring of gases and vapors such as volatile organic compounds.

  8. Scattering resonances as viscosity limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciej Zworski

    2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the method of complex scaling we show that scattering resonances of $ - \\Delta + V $, $ V \\in L^\\infty_{\\rm{c}} ( \\mathbb R^n ) $, are limits of eigenvalues of $ - \\Delta + V - i \\epsilon x^2 $ as $ \\epsilon \\to 0+ $. That justifies a method proposed in computational chemistry and reflects a general principle for resonances in other settings.

  9. Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Measurements of Antibody Arrays for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Measurements of Antibody Arrays for the Multiplexed Detection molecular weight protein biomarkers with surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI). A one methodology would be to use an optical method that can directly detect antigen binding. Surface plasmon

  10. acoustic wave array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    scene analysis is done in terms of circular harmonics 9. A desired Zotkin, Dmitry N. 4 Propagation of acoustic waves in a one-dimensional array of noncohesive cylinders...

  11. Aperture Arrays for the SKA: Dense or Sparse?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Braun; Wim van Cappellen

    2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly consider some design aspects of aperture arrays for use in radio astronomy, particularly contrasting the performance of dense and sparse aperture arrays. Recent insights have emerged in the final design phase of LOFAR which suggest that sparse aperture arrays have the best prospects for cost-effective performance at radio frequencies below about 500 MHz; exceeding those of both dense aperture arrays and parabolic reflectors by an order of magnitude. Very attractive performance, of 10,000 - 20,000 m2/K, can be achieved with a sparse design that covers the 70 - 700 MHz range with two antenna systems that share receiver resources. Cost-effective systems of this type represent only a modest increment in system complexity over that being deployed in LOFAR and are achievable with today's technology.

  12. On the configuration of arrays of floating wave energy converters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Child, Benjamin Frederick Martin

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, certain issues relating to a number of wave energy absorbers operating in the same vicinity are investigated. Specifically, arrangements of the devices within such an array are sought, such that beneficial ...

  13. array processors based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98 Abductive Inference using Array-Based Logic CiteSeer Summary: The notion of abduction has found its usage within a wide variety of AI fields. Computing abductive...

  14. Wireless power transmission utilizing a phased array of Tesla coils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Joseph C. (Joseph Charles), 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the theory and design of coupled resonant systems and how they can be linked in a phased array for the wireless transmission of electrical power. A detailed derivation of their operational theory is ...

  15. askaryan radio array: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Askaryan Radio Array (ARA) is an ultra-high energy (>1017 eV) cosmic neutrino detector in phased construction near the South Pole. ARA searches for radio Cherenkov emission...

  16. High-Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 Q1 High-Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production - FY13 Q1 This document summarizes the progress of this Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  17. New sensor array changes the data collection game | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DePaul University, University of Chicago and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Photo by Mark LopezArgonne National Laboratory. (Click to enlarge.) New sensor array...

  18. Ordered arrays of nanocrystals : synthesis, properties and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhaviripudi, Sreekar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoscale materials, including nanocrystals and carbon nanotubes, exhibit an appealing array of physical properties, and provide an interesting prospect for research both from a fundamental as well as a technological ...

  19. Structural Response Evaluation Using Non-Uniform Sensor Arrays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Maopeng

    2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Sensor arrays strategically deployed on various offshore structures may provide valuable information in addressing issues related to the complex dynamic response behavior due to varying environments, changing hydrodynamics and purposely attached...

  20. Architectures and system design for digitally-enhanced antenna arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krieger, James David, 1978-

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital techniques have had longstanding use in both the operational control and signal processing efforts associated with phased array antennas. Fundamentally, these techniques have served to provide additional levels of ...

  1. Integrated Dense Array and Transect MT Surveying at Dixie Valley...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Deep Fluid Sources Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Integrated Dense Array and Transect MT Surveying at Dixie Valley...

  2. Beam steering via peak power decay in nonlinear waveguide arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Droulias, Sotiris

    We report the experimental observation and theoretical analysis of a novel beam-steering effect in periodic waveguide arrays that arises from the interplay between discrete diffraction, Kerr nonlinearity and any mechanism ...

  3. Selective Electroless Nickel Plating of Particle Arrays on Polyelectrolyte Multilayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ilsoon

    Selective Electroless Nickel Plating of Particle Arrays on Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Ilsoon Lee Received June 30, 2003. Revised Manuscript Received September 25, 2003 Selective electroless nickel plating and particles. Selectively nickel-plated surfaces were characterized with optical microscopy, X

  4. Regular step arrays on silicon J. Viernow,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Regular step arrays on silicon J. Viernow,a) J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. M. Leibsle,b) F. K. Men, as well as magnetoresistive sensors on sawtooth-shaped semiconductors.1 Particularly appealing are self

  5. Superconducting-nanowire single-photon-detector linear array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qingyuan

    We designed, fabricated, and tested a one-dimensional array of superconducting-nanowire single-photon detectors, integrated with on-chip inductors and resistors. The architecture is suitable for monolithic integration on ...

  6. array power conditioner: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are controlled by a computer running LabVIEW... gratitude for the generous support of Raytheon and the guidance of Dr. James McSpadden throughout the phased array project. Lastly,...

  7. arrays ultrasonic imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1988-01-01 74 The SORDS trimodal imager detector arrays MIT - DSpace Summary: The Raytheon Trimodal Imager (TMI) uses coded aperture and Compton imaging technologies as well as...

  8. array project phase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are controlled by a computer running LabVIEW... gratitude for the generous support of Raytheon and the guidance of Dr. James McSpadden throughout the phased array project. Lastly,...

  9. A comprehensive test method for reprogammable field programmable gate arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashen, David Glen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, a new test algorithm for reprogrammable field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is developed. The fault models consisting of stuck-at faults, bridge faults, programmable switch stuck-on, and stuck-off faults, are utilized. Both...

  10. Doped graphene nanohole arrays for flexible transparent conductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jianwei; Xu, Guowei; Rochford, Caitlin; Lu, Rongtao; Wu, Judy; Edwards, Christina M.; Berrie, Cindy L.; Chen, Zhijun; Maroni, Victor A.

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene nanohole arrays (GNAs) were fabricated using nanoimprint lithography. The improved optical transmittance of GNAs is primarily due to the reduced surface coverage of graphene from the nanohole fabrication. Importantly, the exposed edges...

  11. Cell-based array for deep sub-micron technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oey, James Boe-Kian, 1980-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I explore transistor topologies for high density cell-based arrays that allows for dense computation blocks, small memory cells, and strong signal drivers. This involves simulating different circuit types ...

  12. GaN Nanopore Arrays: Fabrication and Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yadong

    GaN nanopore arrays with pore diameters of approximately 75 nm were fabricated by inductively coupled plasma etching (ICP) using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films as etch masks. Nanoporous AAO films were formed on the GaN ...

  13. Pulsed field separation of biomolecules in a nanofluidic filter array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes González, Noel I. (Noel Iván)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, pulsed electric fields are introduced as a means to enhance separation efficiency of biomolecules in a nanofluidic filter array channel. Separation under pulsed fields was tested using PBR322 DNA, Lambda Hind ...

  14. The Houston Lightning Mapping Array: Network Installation and Preliminary Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cullen, Matthew Ryan

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Houston Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) is a lightning detection network providing total lightning mapping for the Houston metropolitan area and southeast Texas. The network is comprised of twelve Very High Frequency (VHF) time-of-arrival total...

  15. Ion Chamber Arrays for the Numi Beam at Fermilab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Indurthy; Z. Pavlovic; R. Zwaska; R. Keisler; S. Mendoza; S. Kopp; M. Proga; D. Harris; A. Marchionni; J. Morfin; A. Erwin; H. Ping; C. Velissaris; M. Bishai; M. Diwan; B. Viren; D. Naples; D. Northacker; J. McDonald

    2005-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beamline will deliver an intense muon neutrino beam by focusing a beam of mesons into a long evacuated decay volume. We have built 4 arrays of ionization chambers to monitor the neutrino beam direction and quality. The arrays are located at 4 stations downstream of the decay volume, and measure the remnant hadron beam and tertiary muons produced along with neutrinos in meson decays.

  16. Coherent optical monolithic phased-array antenna steering system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical-based RF beam steering system for phased-array antennas comprising a photonic integrated circuit (PIC). The system is based on optical heterodyning employed to produce microwave phase shifting by a monolithic PIC constructed entirely of passive components. Microwave power and control signal distribution to the antenna is accomplished by optical fiber, permitting physical separation of the PIC and its control functions from the antenna. The system reduces size, weight, complexity, and cost of phased-array antenna systems.

  17. Dielectrophoresis device and method having nonuniform arrays for manipulating particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cummings, Eric B.; Fintschenko, Yolanda; Simmons, Blake A.

    2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Microfluidic devices according to embodiments of the present invention include an inlet port, an outlet port, and a channel or chamber having a non-uniform array of insulating features on one or more surfaces. Electrodes are provided for generation of a spatially non-uniform electric field across the array. A voltage source, which may be an A.C. and/or a D.C. voltage source may be coupled to the electrodes for the generation of the electric field.

  18. Microstrip antenna couplers and active antenna amplifying arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yao-Chou (Angus)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering MICROSTRIP ANTENNA COUPLERS AND ACTIVE ANTENNA AMPLIFYING ARRAYS A Thesis by YAO-CHOU (ANGUS) YANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial...) December 1997 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ABSTRACT Microstrip Antenna Coupler and Active Antenna Amplifying Arrays. ( December 1997) Yao-chou (Angus) Yang, B S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kai Chang A rectangular...

  19. Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

    2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

  20. Particle Identification in the NIMROD-ISiS Detector Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Wuenschel; K. Hagel; L. W. May; R. Wada; S. J. Yennello

    2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in the influence of the neutron-to-proton (N/Z) ratio on multifragmenting nuclei has demanded an improvement in the capabilities of multi-detector arrays as well as the companion analysis methods. The particle identification method used in the NIMROD-ISiS 4 $\\pi$ array is described. Performance of the detectors and the analysis method are presented for the reaction of 86Kr+64Ni at 35MeV/u.

  1. Particle Identification in the NIMROD-ISiS Detector Array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wuenschel, S.; Hagel, K.; May, L. W.; Wada, R.; Yennello, S. J. [Texas A and M University Cyclotron Institute College Station TX 77843 (United States)

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in the influence of the neutron-to-proton (N/Z) ratio on multifragmenting nuclei has demanded an improvement in the capabilities of multi-detector arrays as well as the companion analysis methods. The particle identification method used in the NIMROD-ISiS 4{pi} array is described. Performance of the detectors and the analysis method are presented for the reaction of {sup 86}Kr+{sup 64}Ni at 35 MeV/u.

  2. Compact antenna arrays with wide bandwidth and low sidelobe levels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strassner, II, Bernd H.

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Highly efficient, low cost, easily manufactured SAR antenna arrays with lightweight low profiles, large instantaneous bandwidths and low SLL are disclosed. The array topology provides all necessary circuitry within the available antenna aperture space and between the layers of material that comprise the aperture. Bandwidths of 15.2 GHz to 18.2 GHz, with 30 dB SLLs azimuthally and elevationally, and radiation efficiencies above 40% may be achieved. Operation over much larger bandwidths is possible as well.

  3. The impulse and wavelet responses of seismic arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Mark Allen

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    December 1989 ivIajor Subject: Geophysics THE IMPULSE AND WAVELET RESPONSES OF SEISMIC ARRAYS A Thesis by MARK ALLEN BENSON Approved as to style and content by: An ony . Gan (Chair of Commit ee) Steve H. arder (Member) Joel S. Watkins (Member...) ZA~. = Joel S. Watkins (Head of Department) December 1989 ABSTRACT The Impulse and Wavelet Responses of Seismic Arrays. (December 1989) 111ark Allen Benson, B. A. , Iiniversity of Calil'ornia, Santa Barbara; B. S. , California State l...

  4. Electrostatic quadrupole array for focusing parallel beams of charged particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brodowski, John (Smithtown, NY)

    1982-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of electrostatic quadrupoles, capable of providing strong electrostatic focusing simultaneously on multiple beams, is easily fabricated from a single array element comprising a support rod and multiple electrodes spaced at intervals along the rod. The rods are secured to four terminals which are isolated by only four insulators. This structure requires bias voltage to be supplied to only two terminals and eliminates the need for individual electrode bias and insulators, as well as increases life by eliminating beam plating of insulators.

  5. AN ITERATIVE SPATIO-TEMPORAL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM FOR MICROPHONE ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Scott C.

    AN ITERATIVE SPATIO-TEMPORAL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM FOR MICROPHONE ARRAYS !"#"$ %&'t" "nd +c ABSTRACT We present a new spatio-temporal algorithm for speech enhancement using microphone arrays. Our-dependent parameter settings. Index Terms4 Speech enhancement, acoustic arrays, adaptive arrays, eigenvalues

  6. Modeling and Simulation of Solar PV Arrays under Changing Illumination Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehman, Brad

    shadows (a passing cloud) on the output power of solar PV arrays. Each solar array is composed of a matrix of a shaded solar PV array as well as the PV output power. The model is also able to simulate and compute the output power of solar PV arrays for any configuration, with or without bypass diode. NOMENCLATURE IM

  7. Improved performance of HgCdTe infrared detector focal plane arrays by modulating light field based on photonic crystal structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Jian; Hu, Weida, E-mail: wdhu@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Ye, Zhenhua; Li, Zhifeng; Chen, Xiaoshuang, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Lu, Wei [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Yu Tian Road, Shanghai 200083 (China); Liao, Lei [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An HgCdTe long-wavelength infrared focal plane array photodetector is proposed by modulating light distributions based on the photonic crystal. It is shown that a promising prospect of improving performance is better light harvest and dark current limitation. To optimize the photon field distributions of the HgCdTe-based photonic crystal structure, a numerical method is built by combining the finite-element modeling and the finite-difference time-domain simulation. The optical and electrical characteristics of designed HgCdTe mid-wavelength and long-wavelength photon-trapping infrared detector focal plane arrays are obtained numerically. The results indicate that the photon crystal structure, which is entirely compatible with the large infrared focal plane arrays, can significantly reduce the dark current without degrading the quantum efficiency compared to the regular mesa or planar structure.

  8. MAKO: a pathfinder instrument for on-sky demonstration of low-cost 350 micron imaging arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swenson, Loren J; Dowell, Charles D; Eom, Byeong H; Hollister, Matthew I; Jarnot, Robert; Kovãcs, Attila; Leduc, Henry G; McKenney, Christopher M; Monroe, Ryan; Mroczkowski, Tony; Nguyen, Hien T; Zmuidzinas, Jonas; 10.1117/12.926223

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Submillimeter cameras now have up to $10^4$ pixels (SCUBA 2). The proposed CCAT 25-meter submillimeter telescope will feature a 1 degree field-of-view. Populating the focal plane at 350 microns would require more than $10^6$ photon-noise limited pixels. To ultimately achieve this scaling, simple detectors and high-density multiplexing are essential. We are addressing this long-term challenge through the development of frequency-multiplexed superconducting microresonator detector arrays. These arrays use lumped-element, direct-absorption resonators patterned from titanium nitride films. We will discuss our progress toward constructing a scalable 350 micron pathfinder instrument focusing on fabrication simplicity, multiplexing density, and ultimately a low per-pixel cost.

  9. Summary of Dissolved Concentration Limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yueting Chen

    2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the Technical Work Plan titled Technical Work Plan for Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report for SR (CRWMS M&O 2000a), the purpose of this study is to perform abstractions on solubility limits of radioactive elements based on the process-level information and thermodynamic databases provided by Natural Environment Program Operations (NEPO) and Waste Package Operations (WPO). The scope of this analysis is to produce solubility limits as functions, distributions, or constants for all transported radioactive elements identified by the Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) radioisotope screening. Results from an expert elicitation for solubility limits of most radioactive elements were used in the previous Total System Performance Assessments (TSPAs). However, the elicitation conducted in 1993 does not meet the criteria set forth by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) due to lack of documentation and traceability (Kotra et al. 1996, Section 3). Therefore, at the Waste Form Abstraction Workshop held on February 2-4, 1999, at Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) decided to develop geochemical models to study solubility for the proposed Monitored Geologic Repository. WPO/NEPO is to develop process-level solubility models, including review and compilation of relevant thermodynamic data. PAO's responsibility is to perform abstractions based on the process models and chemical conditions and to produce solubility distributions or response surfaces applicable to the proposed repository. The results of this analysis and conceptual model will feed the performance assessment for Total System Performance Assessment--Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and Total System Performance Assessment--License Application (TSPA-LA), and to the Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report section on concentration limits.

  10. Fundamental Limits to Cellular Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieter Rein ten Wolde; Nils B. Becker; Thomas E. Ouldridge; A. Mugler

    2015-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years experiments have demonstrated that living cells can measure low chemical concentrations with high precision, and much progress has been made in understanding what sets the fundamental limit to the precision of chemical sensing. Chemical concentration measurements start with the binding of ligand molecules to receptor proteins, which is an inherently noisy process, especially at low concentrations. The signaling networks that transmit the information on the ligand concentration from the receptors into the cell have to filter this noise extrinsic to the cell as much as possible. These networks, however, are also stochastic in nature, which means that they will also add noise to the transmitted signal. In this review, we will first discuss how the diffusive transport and binding of ligand to the receptor sets the receptor correlation time, and then how downstream signaling pathways integrate the noise in the receptor state; we will discuss how the number of receptors, the receptor correlation time, and the effective integration time together set a fundamental limit on the precision of sensing. We then discuss how cells can remove the receptor noise while simultaneously suppressing the intrinsic noise in the signaling network. We describe why this mechanism of time integration requires three classes of resources---receptors and their integration time, readout molecules, energy---and how each resource class sets a fundamental sensing limit. We also briefly discuss the scheme of maximum-likelihood estimation, the role of receptor cooperativity, and how cellular copy protocols differ from canonical copy protocols typically considered in the computational literature, explaining why cellular sensing systems can never reach the Landauer limit on the optimal trade-off between accuracy and energetic cost.

  11. Waste tank characterization sampling limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tusler, L.A.

    1994-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a result of the Plant Implementation Team Investigation into delayed reporting of the exotherm in Tank 241-T-111 waste samples. The corrective actions identified are to have immediate notification of appropriate Tank Farm Operations Shift Management if analyses with potential safety impact exceed established levels. A procedure, WHC-IP-0842 Section 12.18, ``TWRS Approved Sampling and Data Analysis by Designated Laboratories`` (WHC 1994), has been established to require all tank waste sampling (including core, auger and supernate) and tank vapor samples be performed using this document. This document establishes levels for specified analysis that require notification of the appropriate shift manager. The following categories provide numerical values for analysis that may indicate that a tank is either outside the operating specification or should be evaluated for inclusion on a Watch List. The information given is intended to translate an operating limit such as heat load, expressed in Btu/hour, to an analysis related limit, in this case cesium-137 and strontium-90 concentrations. By using the values provided as safety flags, the analytical laboratory personnel can notify a shift manager that a tank is in potential violation of an operating limit or that a tank should be considered for inclusion on a Watch List. The shift manager can then take appropriate interim measures until a final determination is made by engineering personnel.

  12. Development of pseudo-random binary arrays for calibration of surface profile metrology tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barber, Samuel K.; Soldate, Paul; Anderson, Erik H.; Cambie, Rossana; McKinney, Wayne R.; Takacs, Peter Z.; Voronov, Dmytro L.; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.

    2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical Metrology tools, especially for short wavelength (EUV and X-Ray), must cover a wide range of spatial frequencies from the very low, which affects figure, to the important mid-spatial frequencies and the high spatial frequency range, which produces undesirable scattering. A major difficulty in using surface profilometers arises due to the unknown Point-Spread Function (PSF) of the instruments [1] that is responsible for distortion of the measured surface profile. Generally, the distortion due to the PSF is difficult to account because the PSF is a complex function that comes to the measurement via the convolution operation, while the measured profile is described with a real function. Accounting for instrumental PSF becomes significantly simpler if the result of measurement of a profile is presented in a spatial frequency domain as a Power Spectral Density (PSD) distribution [2]. For example, the measured PSD distributions provide a closed set of data necessary for three-dimensional calculations of scattering of light by the optical surfaces [3], [4]. The distortion of the surface PSD distribution due to the PSF can be modeled with the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF), which is defined over the spatial frequency bandwidth of the instrument [1], [2]. The measured PSD distribution can be presented as a product of the squared MTF and the ideal PSD distribution inherent for the System Under Test (SUT). Therefore, the instrumental MTF can be evaluated by comparing a measured PSD distribution of a known test surface with the corresponding ideal numerically simulated PSD. The square root of the ratio of the measured and simulated PSD distributions gives the MTF of the instrument. In previous work [5], [6] the instrumental MTF of a surface profiler was precisely measured using reference test surfaces based on Binary Pseudo-Random (BPR) gratings. Here, we present results of fabricating and using two-dimensional (2D) BPR arrays that allow for a direct 2D calibration of the instrumental MTF. BPR sequences are widely used in engineering and communication applications such as Global Position System, and wireless communication protocols. The ideal BPR pattern has a flat 'white noise' response over the entire range of spatial frequencies of interest. The BPR array used here is based on the Uniformly Redundant Array prescription [7] initially used for x-ray and gamma ray astronomy applications. The URA's superior imaging capability originates from the fact that its cyclical autocorrelation function very closely approximates a delta function, which produces a flat PSD. Three different size BPR array patterns were fabricated by electron beam lithography and ICP etching of silicon. The basic size unit was 200 nm, 400 nm, and 600 nm. Two different etch processes were used, CF{sub 4}/Ar and HBr, which resulted in undercut and vertical sidewall profiles, respectively. The 2D BPR arrays were used as standard test surfaces for MTF calibration of the MicroMap{trademark}-570 interferometric microscope using all available objectives. The HBr etched two-dimensional BPR arrays have proven to be a very effective calibration standard making possible direct calibration corrections without the need of additional calculation considerations, while departures from the ideal vertical sidewall require an additional correction term for the CF{sub 4}/Ar etched samples. [8] Initial surface roughness of low cost 'prime' wafers limits low magnification calibration but should not be a limitation if better polished samples are used.

  13. Western University, Economics, Faculty of Social Science 1151 Richmond St., London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2 t. 519.661.3500 f.519.661.3666 economics@uwo.ca www.economics.uwo.ca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    Economics Western University, Economics, Faculty of Social Science 1151 Richmond St., London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2 t. 519.661.3500 f.519.661.3666 economics@uwo.ca www.economics.uwo.ca NOTICE TO ALL FACULTY be sent to: Chair Department of Economics Faculty of Social Science The University of Western Ontario

  14. Nicholas (Nick) Ambraseys was born in Athens (Greece) on 19th January 1929 and died peacefully at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    D, which he was awarded in 1958. Following a few years at universities in Greece and in the United States at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick attended of America he returned to Imperial College and remained there until his death. He was made Professor

  15. Dark matter limits froma 15 kg windowless bubble chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szydagis, Matthew Mark; /Chicago U.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The COUPP collaboration has successfully used bubble chambers, a technology previously applied only to high-energy physics experiments, as direct dark matter detectors. It has produced the world's most stringent spin-dependent WIMP limits, and increasingly competitive spin-independent limits. These limits were achieved by capitalizing on an intrinsic rejection of the gamma background that all other direct detection experiments must address through high-density shielding and empirically-determined data cuts. The history of COUPP, including its earliest prototypes and latest results, is briefly discussed in this thesis. The feasibility of a new, windowless bubble chamber concept simpler and more inexpensive in design is discussed here as well. The dark matter limits achieved with a 15 kg windowless chamber, larger than any previous COUPP chamber (2 kg, 4 kg), are presented. Evidence of the greater radiopurity of synthetic quartz compared to natural is presented using the data from this 15 kg device, the first chamber to be made from synthetic quartz. The effective reconstruction of the three-dimensional positions of bubbles in a highly distorted optical field, with ninety-degree bottom lighting similar to cloud chamber lighting, is demonstrated. Another innovation described in this thesis is the use of the sound produced by bubbles recorded by an array of piezoelectric sensors as the primary means of bubble detection. In other COUPP chambers, cameras have been used as the primary trigger. Previous work on bubble acoustic signature differentiation using piezos is built upon in order to further demonstrate the ability to discriminate between alpha- and neutron-induced events.

  16. Field limit and nano-scale surface topography of superconducting radio-frequency cavity made of extreme type II superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubo, Takayuki

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The field limit of superconducting radio-frequency cavity made of type II superconductor with a large Ginzburg-Landau parameter is studied with taking effects of nano-scale surface topography into account. If the surface is ideally flat, the field limit is imposed by the superheating field. On the surface of cavity, however, nano-defects almost continuously distribute and suppress the superheating field everywhere. The field limit is imposed by an effective superheating field given by the product of the superheating field for ideal flat surface and a suppression factor that contains effects of nano-defects. A nano-defect is modeled by a triangular groove with a depth smaller than the penetration depth. An analytical formula for the suppression factor of bulk and multilayer superconductors are derived in the framework of the London theory. As an immediate application, the suppression factor of the dirty Nb processed by the electropolishing is evaluated by using results of surface topographic study. The estimat...

  17. Gradient limits and SCRF performance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norem, J.; Pellin, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconducting rf gradients are limited by a number of mechanisms, among them are field emission, multipactor, Lorentz detuning, global and local heating, quench fields, Q-Slope, assembly defects, and overall power use. We describe how each of these mechanisms interacts with the cavity fields and show how significant improvements may be possible assuming improvements in control over the cavity surface. New techniques such as Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), the use of layered composites, Gas Cluster Ion Beam (GCIB) smoothing and Dry Ice Cleaning (DIC) have been proposed as ways to control the surface.

  18. Dose Limits | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy ActDetroit7471 FederalDonna Friend Donna FriendLimits

  19. Ablamp Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium Vitrification4th DayANVAblamp Limited Jump

  20. Novacem Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest Rural PubNova AlincaNovacem Limited

  1. Bioethanol Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyons Biomass FacilityBioethanol Limited

  2. Lysanda Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to: navigation,LushuiLyme, NewLyonLysanda Limited

  3. The London-Anderson-Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble-Weinberg mechanism and Higgs boson reveal the unity and future excitement of physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland E. Allen

    2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The particle recently discovered by the CMS and ATLAS collaborations at CERN is almost certainly a Higgs boson, fulfilling a quest that can be traced back to three seminal high energy papers of 1964, but which is intimately connected to ideas in other areas of physics that go back much further. One might oversimplify the history of the features which (i) give mass to the W and Z particles that mediate the weak nuclear interaction, (ii) effectively break gauge invariance, (iii) eliminate physically unacceptable Nambu-Goldstone bosons, and (iv) give mass to fermions (like the electron) by collectively calling them the London-Anderson-Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble-Weinberg mechanism. More important are the implications for the future: a Higgs boson appears to point toward supersymmetry, since new physics is required to protect its mass from enormous quantum corrections, while the discovery of neutrino masses seems to point toward grand unification of the nongravitational forces.

  4. Sustaining International CBRN Centers of Excellence with a Focus on Nuclear Security and Safeguards: Initial Scoping Session London, 23-24 September 2013 SUMMARY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Roger G.; Frazar, Sarah L.

    2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a summary-level description of the key information, observations, ideas, and recommendations expressed during the subject meeting. The report is organized to correspond to the meeting agenda provided in Appendix 1 and includes references to several of the participants listed in Appendix 2 .The meeting venue was Lloyd’s Register in the City of London. Lloyd’s Register graciously accommodated the request of The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNNL) with whom it works on various safeguards activities commissioned by NNSA. PNNL and NNSA also shared the goal of the meeting/study with the United Kingdom (UK) Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and the Department of Energy and Climate Change with whom they coordinated the participant list.

  5. Observed Gravitational Wave Effects: Amaldi 1980 Frascati-Rome Classical Bar Detectors, 2013 Perth-London Zener-Diode Quantum Detectors, Earth Oscillation Mode Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reginald T Cahill

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Amaldi et al. in 1981 reported two key discoveries from the Frascati and Rome gravitational wave cryogenic bar detectors: (a) Rome events delayed by within a few seconds to tens of seconds from the Frascati events, and (b) the Frascati Fourier-analysed data frequency peaks being the same as the earth oscillation frequencies from seismology. The time delay effects have been dismissed as being inconsistent with gravitational waves having speed c. However using data from zener diode quantum detectors, from Perth and London, for January 1-3, 2013, we report the same effects, and in excellent agreement with the Amaldi results. The time delay effects appear to be gravitational wave reverberations, recently observed, and for gravitational wave speeds of some 500km/s, as detected in numerous experiments. We conclude that the Amaldi et al. discoveries were very significant.

  6. The potential for intensity interferometry with {gamma}-ray telescope arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wit, W. J. de; Hinton, J. A.; White, R. J.; Daniel, M. K. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Le Bohec, S. [Department of Physics, University of Utah, 115 S 1400 E, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0830 (United States); Holder, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware (United States)

    2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Intensity interferometry exploits a quantum optical effect in order to measure objects with extremely small angular scales. The first experiment to use this technique was the Narrabri intensity interferometer, which was successfully used in the 1970s to measure 32 stellar diameters at optical wavelengths; some as small as 0.4 milli-arcseconds. The advantage of this technique, in comparison with Michelson interferometers, is that it requires only relatively crude, but large, light collectors equipped with fast (nanosecond) photon detectors. Ground-based {gamma}-ray telescope arrays have similar specifications, and a number of these observatories are now operating worldwide, with more extensive installations planned for the future. These future instruments (CTA, AGIS, completion 2015) with 30-90 telescopes will provide 400-4000 different baselines that range in length between 50 m and a kilometre. Intensity interferometry with such arrays of telescopes attains 50 {mu}-arcsecond resolution for a limiting m{sub v}{approx}8.5. Phase information can be extracted from the interferometric measurement with phase closure, allowing image reconstruction. This technique opens the possibility of a wide range of studies amongst others, probing the stellar surface activity and the dynamic AU scale circumstellar environment of stars in various crucial evolutionary stages. Here we focuse on the astrophysical potential of an intensity interferometer utilising planned new {gamma}-ray instrumentation.

  7. Searching for A Generic Gravitational Wave Background via Bayesian Nonparametric Analysis with Pulsar Timing Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xihao Deng

    2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravitational wave background results from the superposition of gravitational waves generated from all sources across the Universe. Previous efforts on detecting such a background with pulsar timing arrays assume it is an isotropic Gaussian background with a power law spectrum. However, when the number of sources is limited, the background might be non-Gaussian or the spectrum might not be a power law. Correspondingly previous analysis may not work effectively. Here we use a method --- Bayesian Nonparametric Analysis --- to try to detect a generic gravitational wave background, which directly sets constraints on the feasible shapes of the pulsar timing signals induced by a gravitational wave background and allows more flexible forms of the background. Our Bayesian nonparametric analysis will infer if a gravitational wave background is present in the data, and also estimate the parameters that characterize the background. This method will be much more effective than the conventional one assuming the background spectrum follows a power law in general cases. While the context of our discussion focuses on pulsar timing arrays, the analysis itself is directly applicable to detect and characterize any signals that arise from the superposition of a large number of astrophysical events.

  8. Amorphous silicon cell array powered solar tracking apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of an even number of amorphous silicon solar cells are serially connected between first and second terminals of opposite polarity. The terminals are connected to one input terminal of a DC motor whose other input terminal is connected to the mid-cell of the serial array. Vane elements are adjacent the end cells to selectively shadow one or the other of the end cells when the array is oriented from a desired attitude relative to the sun. The shadowing of one cell of a group of cells on one side of the mid-cell reduces the power of that group substantially so that full power from the group of cells on the other side of the mid-cell drives the motor to reorient the array to the desired attitude. The cell groups each have a full power output at the power rating of the motor. When the array is at the desired attitude the power output of the two groups of cells balances due to their opposite polarity so that the motor remains unpowered.

  9. Method and apparatus for synthesis of arrays of DNA probes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cerrina, Francesco (Madison, WI); Sussman, Michael R. (Madison, WI); Blattner, Frederick R. (Madison, WI); Singh-Gasson, Sangeet (Madison, WI); Green, Roland (Madison, WI)

    2002-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The synthesis of arrays of DNA probes sequences, polypeptides, and the like is carried out using a patterning process on an active surface of a substrate. An image is projected onto the active surface of the substrate utilizing an image former that includes a light source that provides light to a micromirror device comprising an array of electronically addressable micromirrors, each of which can be selectively tilted between one of at least two positions. Projection optics receives the light reflected from the micromirrors along an optical axis and precisely images the micromirrors onto the active surface of the substrate, which may be used to activate the surface of the substrate. The first level of bases may then be applied to the substrate, followed by development steps, and subsequent exposure of the substrate utilizing a different pattern of micromirrors, with further repeats until the elements of a two dimensional array on the substrate surface have an appropriate base bound thereto. The micromirror array can be controlled in conjunction with a DNA synthesizer supplying appropriate reagents to a flow cell containing the active substrate to control the sequencing of images presented by the micromirror array in coordination of the reagents provided to the substrate.

  10. DC and RF Measurements of Serial Bi-SQUID Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prokopenko, G V; de Escobar, A Leese; Taylor, B; de Andrade, M C; Berggren, S; Longhini, P; Palacios, A; Nisenoff, M; Fagaly, R L

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SQUID arrays are promising candidates for low profile antennas and low noise amplifier applications. We present the integrated circuit designs and results of DC and RF measurements of the wideband serial arrays based on integration of linear bi-SQUID cells forming a Superconducting Quantum Interference Filter (bi-SQUID SQIF). Various configurations of serial arrays designs are described. The measured linearity, power gain, and noise temperature are analyzed and compared. The experimental results are matched to results of mathematical modeling. A serial bi-SQUID SQIF arrays are mounted into a coplanar waveguide (CPW) and symmetrically grounded to corresponding sides of CPW. The RF output comes out from the central common line, which is also used for DC biasing and forms a symmetrical balanced output. The signal and DC flux biasing line is designed as coplanar lines passed in parallel over each bi-SQUID cell in a bidirectional fashion concentrating magnetic flux inside of each cell. Serial bi-SQUID SQIF arrays ...

  11. Towards a full Atmospheric Calibration system for the Cherenkov Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doro, M; Blanch, O; Font, LL; Garrido, D; Lopez-Oramas, A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current generation of Cherenkov telescopes is mainly limited in their gamma-ray energy and flux reconstruction by uncertainties in the determination of atmospheric parameters. The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) aims to provide high-precision data extending the duty cycle as much as possible. To reach this goal, it is necessary to continuously and precisely monitor the atmosphere by means of remote-sensing devices, which are able to provide altitude-resolved and wavelength-dependent extinction factors, sensitive up to the tropopause and higher. Raman LIDARs are currently the best suited technology to achieve this goal with one single instrument. However, the synergy with other instruments like radiometers, solar and stellar photometers, all-sky cameras, and possibly radio-sondes is desirable in order to provide more precise and accurate results, and allows for weather forecasts and now-casts. In this contribution, we will discuss the need and features of such multifaceted atmospheric calibration systems.

  12. THERMAL EVALUATION OF DRUM TYPE RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING ARRAYS IN STORAGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, N

    2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Drum type packages are routinely used to transport radioactive material (RAM) in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex. These packages are designed to meet the federal regulations described in 10 CFR 71.[1] In recent years, there has been a greater need to use these packagings to store the excess fissile material, especially plutonium for long term storage. While the design requirements for safe transportation of these packagings are well defined, the requirements for safe long term storage are not well established. Since the RAM contents in the packagings produce decay heat, it is important that they are stored carefully to prevent overheating of the containment vessel (CV) seals to prevent any leakage and the impact limiter to maintain the package structural integrity. This paper analyzes different storage arrays for a typical 9977 packaging for thermal considerations and makes recommendations for their safe storage under normal operating conditions.

  13. Triaxial thermopile array geo-heat-flow sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carrigan, C.R.; Hardee, H.C.; Reynolds, G.D.; Steinfort, T.D.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A triaxial thermopile array geothermal heat flow sensor is designed to measure heat flow in three dimensions in a reconstituted or unperturbed subsurface regime. Heat flow can be measured in conductive or permeable convective media. The sensor may be encased in protective pvc tubing and includes a plurality of thermistors and an array of heat flow transducers produce voltage proportional to heat flux along the subsurface regime and permit direct measurement of heat flow in the subsurface regime. The presence of the thermistor array permits a comparison to be made between the heat flow estimates obtained from the transducers and heat flow calculated using temperature differences and Fourier's Law. The device is extremely sensitive with an accuracy of less than 0.1 Heat Flow Units (HFU) and may be used for long term readings. 6 figs.

  14. Triaxial thermopile array geo-heat-flow sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA); Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Reynolds, Gerald D. (Tijeras, NM); Steinfort, Terry D. (Tijeras, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A triaxial thermopile array geothermal heat flow sensor is designed to measure heat flow in three dimensions in a reconstituted or unperturbed subsurface regime. Heat flow can be measured in conductive or permeable convective media. The sensor may be encased in protective pvc tubing and includes a plurality of thermistors and an array of heat flow transducers arranged in a vertical string. The transducers produce voltage proportional to heat flux along the subsurface regime and permit direct measurement of heat flow in the subsurface regime. The presence of the thermistor array permits a comparison to be made between the heat flow estimates obtained from the transducers and heat flow calculated using temperature differences and Fourier's Law. The device is extremely sensitive with an accuracy of less than 0.1 Heat Flow Units (HFU) and may be used for long term readings.

  15. Key Science Observations of AGNs with KaVA Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kino, Motoki; Zhao, Guang-Yao; Sohn, Bong Won

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KaVA (KVN and VERA Array) is a new combined VLBI array with KVN (Korean VLBI Network) and VERA (VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry). First, we briefly review the imaging capabilities of KaVA array which actually achieves more than three times better dynamic range than that achieved by VERA alone. The KaVA images clearly show detailed structures of extended radio jets in AGNs. Next, we represent the key science program to be led by KaVA AGN sub working group. We will conduct the monitoring observations of Sgr A* and M87 because of the largeness of their central super-massive black hole angular sizes. The main science goals of the program are (i) testing magnetically-driven-jet paradigm by mapping velocity fields of the M87 jet, and (ii) obtaining tight constraints on physical properties of radio emitting region in Sgr A*.

  16. Performance parameters of a liquid filled ionization chamber array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poppe, B.; Stelljes, T. S.; Looe, H. K.; Chofor, N. [Clinic for Radiation Therapy, Pius-Hospital, Oldenburg 26121, Germany and WG Medical Radiation Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg 26121 (Germany)] [Clinic for Radiation Therapy, Pius-Hospital, Oldenburg 26121, Germany and WG Medical Radiation Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg 26121 (Germany); Harder, D. [Prof. em., Medical Physics and Biophysics, Georg August University, Göttingen 37073 (Germany)] [Prof. em., Medical Physics and Biophysics, Georg August University, Göttingen 37073 (Germany); Willborn, K. [Clinic for Radiation Therapy, Pius-Hospital, Oldenburg 26121 (Germany)] [Clinic for Radiation Therapy, Pius-Hospital, Oldenburg 26121 (Germany)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: In this work, the properties of the two-dimensional liquid filled ionization chamber array Octavius 1000SRS (PTW-Freiburg, Germany) for use in clinical photon-beam dosimetry are investigated.Methods: Measurements were carried out at an Elekta Synergy and Siemens Primus accelerator. For measurements of stability, linearity, and saturation effects of the 1000SRS array a Semiflex 31013 ionization chamber (PTW-Freiburg, Germany) was used as a reference. The effective point of measurement was determined by TPR measurements of the array in comparison with a Roos chamber (type 31004, PTW-Freiburg, Germany). The response of the array with varying field size and depth of measurement was evaluated using a Semiflex 31010 ionization chamber as a reference. Output factor measurements were carried out with a Semiflex 31010 ionization chamber, a diode (type 60012, PTW-Freiburg, Germany), and the detector array under investigation. The dose response function for a single detector of the array was determined by measuring 1 cm wide slit-beam dose profiles and comparing them against diode-measured profiles. Theoretical aspects of the low pass properties and of the sampling frequency of the detector array were evaluated. Dose profiles measured with the array and the diode detector were compared, and an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) field was verified using the Gamma-Index method and the visualization of line dose profiles.Results: The array showed a short and long term stability better than 0.1% and 0.2%, respectively. Fluctuations in linearity were found to be within ±0.2% for the vendor specified dose range. Saturation effects were found to be similar to those reported in other studies for liquid-filled ionization chambers. The detector's relative response varied with field size and depth of measurement, showing a small energy dependence accounting for maximum signal deviations of ±2.6% from the reference condition for the setup used. The ?-values of the Gaussian dose response function for a single detector of the array were found to be (0.72 ± 0.25) mm at 6 MV and (0.74 ± 0.25) mm at 15 MV and the corresponding low pass cutoff frequencies are 0.22 and 0.21 mm{sup ?1}, respectively. For the inner 5 × 5 cm{sup 2} region and the outer 11 × 11 cm{sup 2} region of the array the Nyquist theorem is fulfilled for maximum sampling frequencies of 0.2 and 0.1 mm{sup ?1}, respectively. An IMRT field verification with a Gamma-Index analysis yielded a passing rate of 95.2% for a 3 mm/3% criterion with a TPS calculation as reference.Conclusions: This study shows the applicability of the Octavius 1000SRS in modern dosimetry. Output factor and dose profile measurements illustrated the applicability of the array in small field and stereotactic dosimetry. The high spatial resolution ensures adequate measurements of dose profiles in regular and intensity modulated photon-beam fields.

  17. Microchannel cross load array with dense parallel input

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Stefan P.

    2004-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    An architecture or layout for microchannel arrays using T or Cross (+) loading for electrophoresis or other injection and separation chemistry that are performed in microfluidic configurations. This architecture enables a very dense layout of arrays of functionally identical shaped channels and it also solves the problem of simultaneously enabling efficient parallel shapes and biasing of the input wells, waste wells, and bias wells at the input end of the separation columns. One T load architecture uses circular holes with common rows, but not columns, which allows the flow paths for each channel to be identical in shape, using multiple mirror image pieces. Another T load architecture enables the access hole array to be formed on a biaxial, collinear grid suitable for EDM micromachining (square holes), with common rows and columns.

  18. Physics of the Shannon Limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a simple physical interpretation, in the context of the second law of thermodynamics, to the information inequality (a.k.a. the Gibbs' inequality, which is also equivalent to the log-sum inequality), asserting that the relative entropy between two probability distributions cannot be negative. Since this inequality stands at the basis of the data processing theorem (DPT), and the DPT in turn is at the heart of most, if not all, proofs of converse theorems in Shannon theory, it is observed that conceptually, the roots of fundamental limits of Information Theory can actually be attributed to the laws of physics, in particular, to the second law of thermodynamics, and at least indirectly, also to the law of energy conservation. By the same token, in the other direction: one can view the second law as stemming from information-theoretic principles.

  19. Limited-life cartridge primers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, Daniel M.; Rosen, Robert S.

    2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A cartridge primer which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML's would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers.

  20. Limited-life cartridge primers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, D.M.; Rosen, R.S.

    1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A cartridge primer is described which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML`s would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers. 10 figs.

  1. Limits to the lunar atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, T.H. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (USA)); Shemansky, D.E. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (USA))

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of sodium and potassium on the Moon implies that other more abundant species should be present. Volatile molecules like H{sub 2}O are significantly more abundant than sodium in any of the proposed external atmospheric sources. Source mechanisms which derive atoms from the surface should favor abundant elements in the regolith. It is therefore puzzling that the Apollo ultraviolet spectrometer experiment set limits on the density of oxygen of N{sub O} < 5 {times} 10{sup 2} cm{sup {minus}3}, and that the Apollo Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment data imply N{sub O} < 50 cm{sup {minus}3} above the subsolar point. These limits are surprisingly small relative to the measured value for sodium. A simple consideration of sources and sinks predicts significantly greater densities of oxygen. It is possible but doubtful that the Apollo measurements occur ed during an epoch in which source rates were small. A preferential loss process for oxygen on the darkside of the Moon is considered in which ionization by electron capture in surface collisions leads to escape through acceleration in the local electric field. Cold trapping in permanently shadowed regions as a net sink is considered and discounted, but the episodic nature of cometary insertion may allow formation of ice layers which act as a stablized source of OH. On the basis of an assumed meteoroid impact source, the authors predict a possible emission brightness of {approximately} 50 R in the OH(A {minus} X)(0,0) band above the lunar bright limb. A very uncertain small comet source of H{sub 2}O could raise this value by more than two orders of magnitude.

  2. Testability of non-autonomous two dimensional iterative logic array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagumo, Hideo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' SCIENCE August III91 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering TESTABILITY OF NON-AUTONOMOUS T'A'0 DIMENSIONAL ITERATIVE LOGIC ARRAY A Thesis by HIDEO NAGUMO Approved as to style and content by: . . ed~ I(aran L. watson (Chair of Committee) Mi Lu... (Member) William G. Bliss (Member) Donald K. Friesen (Member) Jo Howze (Head of Department) August 1991 ABSTRACT Testability of i%on-Autonomous Two-Dimensional Iterative Logic Array. (August 1991) Hideo iX'agumo, B. S. , Shinshu University...

  3. High power density fuel cell comprising an array of microchannels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morse, Jeffrey D.; Upadhye, Ravindra S.; Spadaccini, Christopher M.; Park, Hyung Gyu

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell according to one embodiment includes a porous electrolyte support structure defining an array of microchannels, the microchannels including fuel and oxidant microchannels; fuel electrodes formed along some of the microchannels; and oxidant electrodes formed along other of the microchannels. A method of making a fuel cell according to one embodiment includes forming an array of walls defining microchannels therebetween using at least one of molding, stamping, extrusion, injection and electrodeposition; processing the walls to make the walls porous, thereby creating a porous electrolyte support structure; forming anode electrodes along some of the microchannels; and forming cathode electrodes along other of the microchannels. Additional embodiments are also disclosed.

  4. Three dimensional stress vector sensor array and method therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Kent Bryant; Rudnick, Thomas Jeffery

    2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensor array is configured based upon capacitive sensor techniques to measure stresses at various positions in a sheet simultaneously and allow a stress map to be obtained in near real-time. The device consists of single capacitive elements applied in a one or two dimensional array to measure the distribution of stresses across a mat surface in real-time as a function of position for manufacturing and test applications. In-plane and normal stresses in rolling bodies such as tires may thus be monitored.

  5. Coupling mechanism of gain-guided integrated semiconductor laser arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapon, E.; Lindsey, C.; Katz, J.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1984-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that a gain-guided laser array couples via propagating fields rather than the evanescent mode coupling typically responsible for directional coupling in passive (directional couplers) and active (laser array) devices. We show that these phase-locked modes exhibit an interference pattern, in the junction plane, which arises from the curvature of the phase fronts of optical fields of the interacting lasers. The experimental results are interpreted with the aid of a simple theoretical model, and the effect of the observed mode pattern on the coupling of gain-guided lasers is discussed.

  6. One dimensional wavefront distortion sensor comprising a lens array system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neal, Daniel R. (Tijeras, NM); Michie, Robert B. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 1-dimensional sensor for measuring wavefront distortion of a light beam as a function of time and spatial position includes a lens system which incorporates a linear array of lenses, and a detector system which incorporates a linear array of light detectors positioned from the lens system so that light passing through any of the lenses is focused on at least one of the light detectors. The 1-dimensional sensor determines the slope of the wavefront by location of the detectors illuminated by the light. The 1 dimensional sensor has much greater bandwidth that 2 dimensional systems.

  7. One dimensional wavefront distortion sensor comprising a lens array system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neal, D.R.; Michie, R.B.

    1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A 1-dimensional sensor for measuring wavefront distortion of a light beam as a function of time and spatial position includes a lens system which incorporates a linear array of lenses, and a detector system which incorporates a linear array of light detectors positioned from the lens system so that light passing through any of the lenses is focused on at least one of the light detectors. The 1-dimensional sensor determines the slope of the wavefront by location of the detectors illuminated by the light. The 1 dimensional sensor has much greater bandwidth that 2 dimensional systems. 8 figs.

  8. Quantification of the Relative Importance of CTL, B Cell, NK Cell, and Target Cell Limitation in the Control of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Massachusetts, United States of America Abstract CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), natural killer (NK) cells Asquith1 1 Department of Immunology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, 2 ISPED, Bordeaux infected cell death, the remaining cell death being attributable to intrinsic, immune (CD8+ T cell, NK cell

  9. Photon and graviton mass limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieto, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goldhaber Scharff, Alfred [SUNY

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review past and current studies of possible long-distance, low-frequency deviations from Maxwell electrodynamics and Einstein gravity. Both have passed through three phases: (1) Testing the inverse-square laws of Newton and Coulomb, (2) Seeking a nonzero value for the rest mass of photon or graviton, and (3) Considering more degrees of freedom, allowing mass while preserving gauge or general-coordinate invariance. For electrodynamics there continues to be no sign of any deviation. Since our previous review the lower limit on the photon Compton wavelength (associated with weakening of electromagnetic fields in vacuum over large distance scale) has improved by four orders of magnitude, to about one astronomical unit. Rapid current progress in astronomical observations makes it likely that there will be further advances. These ultimately could yield a bound exceeding galactic dimensions, as has long been contemplated. Meanwhile, for gravity there have been strong arguments about even the concept of a graviton rest mass. At the same time there are striking observations, commonly labeled 'dark matter' and 'dark energy' that some argue imply modified gravity. This makes the questions for gravity much more interesting. For dark matter, which involves increased attraction at large distances, any explanation by modified gravity would be qualitatively different from graviton mass. Because dark energy is associated with reduced attraction at large distances, it might be explained by a graviton-mass-like effect.

  10. Kinetic limits of dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens Marklof

    2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the pioneering work of Maxwell and Boltzmann in the 1860s and 1870s, a major challenge in mathematical physics has been the derivation of macroscopic evolution equations from the fundamental microscopic laws of classical or quantum mechanics. Macroscopic transport equations lie at the heart of many important physical theories, including fluid dynamics, condensed matter theory and nuclear physics. The rigorous derivation of macroscopic transport equations is thus not only a conceptual exercise that establishes their consistency with the fundamental laws of physics: the possibility of finding deviations and corrections to classical evolution equations makes this subject both intellectually exciting and relevant in practical applications. The plan of these lectures is to develop a renormalisation technique that will allow us to derive transport equations for the kinetic limits of two classes of simple dynamical systems, the Lorentz gas and kicked Hamiltonians (or linked twist maps). The technique uses the ergodic theory of flows on homogeneous spaces (homogeneous flows for short), and is based on joint work with Andreas Str\\"ombergsson.

  11. Automation of Three-Dimensional Cell Culture in Arrayed Microfluidic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beebe, David J.

    . A Peltier cooler maintains the collagen as a liquid at 4 C during cell seeding, followed by polymerizationAutomation of Three-Dimensional Cell Culture in Arrayed Microfluidic Devices Sara I. Montanez of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI The increasing interest in studying the interactions between cells

  12. Optimizing Sensor Arrays for Detecting Dirty Daniel Obenshain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    on a 20 mm x 20 mm x 5 mm slab of CdZnTe to detect gamma rays emitted by the radioactive materials some measure of direc- tionality. The difference in the number of particles detected by each plateOptimizing Sensor Arrays for Detecting Dirty Bombs Daniel Obenshain September 26, 2008 1 Abstract

  13. Multi-Terabyte EIDE Disk Arrays running Linux RAID5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; M. D. Joy; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    High-energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. Grid Computing is one method; however, the data must be cached at the various Grid nodes. We examine some storage techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. Disk arrays using RAID level 5 (RAID-5) include both parity and striping. The striping improves access speed. The parity protects data in the event of a single disk failure, but not in the case of multiple disk failures. We report on tests of dual-processor Linux Software RAID-5 arrays and Hardware RAID-5 arrays using a 12-disk 3ware controller, in conjunction with 250 and 300 GB disks, for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. The price of IDE disks is now less than $1/GB. These RAID-5 disk arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to small institutions and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  14. Array E Calibration Curves PAGE 1 OF 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    REV. MO. ATM1095 Array E Calibration Curves PAGE 1 OF 22 DATE 11 April 197 2 This A TM summarizes the scope and contents of the calibration curve data book and calibration magnetic tape which special conversions which are out of scope of the Apollo/Saturn Calibration Tape Format Mod 1; special

  15. Characterization of Nanoporous Metal-Carbon Nanotube Composite Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    has been conducted on carbon fibers at X'ian University of Technology in China. This method consistsCharacterization of Nanoporous Metal-Carbon Nanotube Composite Arrays Chloe Heinen, Dr. David Bahr, Hang Zhou, and Chunlan Ren. "Research on Surface Metallization of Carbon Fiber Based on Electroless

  16. Spurious Status Changes in Array E NO. REV. N~.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    ...::!PA:G::I~==_:O::_:F~--- 5/10/72 DATE During the C/S Verification Test (TP 2.368960) on the Array E Qualification Model are the result of the same critical Vcc mechanism which caused Qualification Model relay scrambling, and which reverse leakage currents into the command output gates. Where PDU relay scrambling is involved the system

  17. Small Area Array-Based LED Luminaire Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Yuan

    2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains a summary of technical achievements during a three-year project to demonstrate high efficiency LED luminaire designs based on small area array-based gallium nitride diodes. Novel GaN-based LED array designs are described, specifically addressing the thermal, optical, electrical and mechanical requirements for the incorporation of such arrays into viable solid-state LED luminaires. This work resulted in the demonstration of an integrated luminaire prototype of 1000 lumens cool white light output with reflector shaped beams and efficacy of 89.4 lm/W at CCT of 6000oK and CRI of 73; and performance of 903 lumens warm white light output with reflector shaped beams and efficacy of 63.0 lm/W at CCT of 2800oK and CRI of 82. In addition, up to 1275 lumens cool white light output at 114.2 lm/W and 1156 lumens warm white light output at 76.5 lm/W were achieved if the reflector was not used. The success to integrate small area array-based LED designs and address thermal, optical, electrical and mechanical requirements was clearly achieved in these luminaire prototypes with outstanding performance and high efficiency.

  18. Broadband microwave imaging spectroscopy with a solardedicated array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the thermal structure of the solar atmosphere, and to study energy release and particle energization the range 1-- 26.5 GHz. Keywords: Radio interferometry, spectroscopy, optical fiber, correlator 1Broad­band microwave imaging spectroscopy with a solar­dedicated array T.S. Bastian a , D.E. Gary b

  19. A Study Of Aperiodic (Random) Arrays of Various Geometries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchanan, Kristopher Ryan

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    technique to utilize these systems which uses a randomly distributed antenna array with a fitting phase coefficient for the elements. In this example, the radiated signal power of each element is coherently added in the far-field region of a specified target...

  20. Phase-locked arrays of unstable resonator semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salzman, J.; Yariv, A.

    1986-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A phase-locked array of several unstable resonator semiconductor lasers is demonstrated. Single lateral mode was obtained for currents I-italic<2.5I-italic/sub th/, and partial spatial coherence for I-italic< or =5I-italic/sub th/, with an optical output power of 0.95 W.

  1. SMALLCAPACITANCE JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS: ONEDIMENSIONAL ARRAYS AND SINGLE JUNCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haviland, David

    because a high­ impedance environment is necessary, and special care should be taken with the measurement be measured. Furthermore, one can design a JJ array in such a way that one of the important parameter in the theory, the Josephson coupling energy E J between adjacent islands can be tuned in situ [23, 24

  2. Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong-Seo

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

  3. An array-oriented language with static rank polymorphism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manolios, Panagiotis "Pete"

    . Our type system's principal contribution is that it serves to extract the implicit control structure model is sub- Turing. Lifting operations to work on aggregate structures means the control structure of a program's control structure im- plicit by lifting base operators to higher-dimensional array structures

  4. A field programmable analog array for switched capacitor filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Robert M.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heavily constrained layout and thus is not optimum for high performance circuits. Analog arrays are a particular type of semi-custom circuit which are currently being used in industry. The objective of this work is to develop a design methodology...

  5. Blind Deconvolution and Structured Matrix Computations with Applications to Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plemmons, Robert J.

    for the reconstruction of high-resolution images from multiple under sam- pled images of a scene that is obtained1 Blind Deconvolution and Structured Matrix Computations with Applications to Array Imaging Michael .................................................... 21 1.7 Application: High-resolution Image Reconstruction ...................... 23 1.8 Concluding

  6. Outlier Detection Rules for Fault Detection in Solar Photovoltaic Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehman, Brad

    , MPPT of the PV inverters, high fault impedance, or degradation of solar cells [1]. Without proper fault Abstract-- Solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays are unique power sources that may have uncleared fault current when utilizing conventional overcurrent protection devices. To monitor the PV operation and detect

  7. Micromachined Nickel Floating Element Shear Stress Sensor Array , J. Gallmanb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    Micromachined Nickel Floating Element Shear Stress Sensor Array Z. Zhaoa , J. Gallmanb , R. Whitea (Technic Copper FB) and patterned lithographically. A Nickel structural layer with varied thickness is deposited from a nickel sulfamate plating solution (Technic Nickel Sulfamate SemiBright) and patterned

  8. A Study Of Aperiodic (Random) Arrays of Various Geometries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchanan, Kristopher Ryan

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ............. 15 Fig. 6. Geometry of an N-element periodic linear array....................................... 21 Fig. 7. Radiation intensity of 16 elements periodically spaced along the line (X-Axis) with spacing dx=.625.................................................................... 23 Fig. 8. Radiation intensity of 16 elements periodically spaced along the line (X-Axis).................................................................................................... 24 Fig. 9. Geometry of an N-element random...

  9. Photocounting Array Receivers for Optical Communication Through the Lognormal Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    to the background noise power density. The background noise takes into account various thermal radiation sources and their relative merits are presented positive gain (e.g., photomultipliers) the thermal noise introduced at each detector in the array.' These counts are Poisson distributed with constant mean, proportional

  10. The Impact of an Antenna Array in a Relay Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    C. Valenti, and Brian Woerner Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering West Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering West Virginia UAn Array in a Relay Network June 25, 2007 1 / 22 #12;Outline 1 Information Outage Probability 2 The Relay Channel 3 The MIMO Channel 4

  11. VERITAS The Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weekes, T C; Biller, S D; Breslin, A C; Buckley, J H; Carter-Lewis, D A; Catanese, M; Cawley, M F; Dingus, B L; Fazio, G G; Fegan, D J; Finley, J; Fishman, G; Gaidos, J A; Gillanders, G H; Gorham, P W; Grindlay, J E; Hillas, A M; Huchra, J P; Kaaret, P E; Kertzman, M P; Kieda, D B; Krennrich, F; Lamb, R C; Lang, M J; Marscher, A P; Matz, S; McKay, T; Müller, D; Ong, R; Purcell, W; Rose, J; Sembroski, G H; Seward, F D; Slane, P O; Swordy, S P; Tümer, T O; Ulmer, M P; Urban, M; Wilkes, B J

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A next generation atmospheric Cherenkov observatory is described based on the Whipple Observatory $\\gamma$-ray telescope. A total of nine such imaging telescopes will be deployed in an array that will permit the maximum versatility and give high sensitivity in the 50 GeV - 50 TeV band (with maximum sensitivity from 100 GeV to 10 TeV).

  12. VERITAS: Very LArge Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. C. Weekes; C. Akerlof; S. Biller; A. C. Breslin; J. H. Buckley; D. A. Carter-Lewis; M. Catanese; M. F. Cawley; B. Dingus; G. G. Fazio; D. J. Fegan; J. Finley; G. Fishman; J. Gaidos; G. H. Gillanders; P. Gorham; J. E. Grindlay; A. M. Hillas; J. Huchra; P. Kaaret; M. Kertzman; D. Kieda; F. Krennrich; R. C. Lamb; M. J. Lang; A. P. Marscher; S. Matz; T. McKay; D. Muller; R. Ong; W. Purcell; J. Rose; G. Sembroski; F. D. Seward; P. Slane; S. Swordy; T. Tumer; M. Ulmer; M. Urban; B. J. Wilkes

    1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A next generation atmospheric Cherenkov observatory is described based on the Whipple Observatory $\\gamma$-ray telescope. A total of nine such imaging telescopes will be deployed in an array that will permit the maximum versatility and give high sensitivity in the 50 GeV - 50 TeV band (with maximum sensitivity from 100 GeV to 10 TeV).

  13. Optical nanolithography with k/15 resolution using bowtie aperture array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Xianfan

    Optical nanolithography with k/15 resolution using bowtie aperture array Xiaolei Wen · Luis M nanolithography using bowtie apertures with the help of the interferometric- spatial-phase-imaging (ISPI) technique. The ISPI system can detect and control the distance between the bowtie aperture, and photoresist

  14. IIIII 'I'. I'IU. ALSEP Array E Power Budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Experiment Power Profiles Prepa red by:-::----::-q,.;___~--J(__(JJJIJJVI_____ J. E. Kasser #12;TABLE I DATA. ~~*Includes 0. 075 watts for quiescent load of PDU active circuits. All powers are in watts. Page 2 #12;TABLEIIIII 'I'. I'IU. ATM 1076 ALSEP Array E Power Budget OF 10 DATI! 2-1-72 SUMMARY This issue

  15. Automated Non-Destructive Testing Array Evaluation System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.Wei, N.Zavaljevski, S.Bakhtiari, A.Miron, D.Kupperman

    2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilities perform eddy current tests on nuclear power plant steam generator (SG) tubes to detect degradation. This report summarizes the status of ongoing research to develop signal processing algorithms that automate analysis of eddy current test data. The research focuses on analyzing array probe data for detecting, classifying, and characterizing degradation in SG tubes.

  16. Photon-like flying qubit in the coupled cavity array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying Li; M. X. Huo; Z. Song; C. P. Sun

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a feasible scheme to realize a spin network via a coupled cavity array with the appropriate arrangement of external multi-driving lasers. It is demonstrated that the linear photon-like dispersion is achievable and this property opens up the possibility of realizing the pre-engineered spin network which is beneficial to quantum information processing.

  17. November 21, 2000 PV Lesson Plan 2 Solar Electric Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    rating of a photovoltaic module is typically quoted as the power output of the module when the incidentNovember 21, 2000 PV Lesson Plan 2 ­ Solar Electric Arrays Prepared for the Oregon Million Solar Roofs Coalition By Frank Vignola ­ University of Oregon Solar Radiation Monitoring Lab John Hocken

  18. Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS System size: 750 kW (DC, estimated) Characteristics: Single axis tracker photovoltaics, ground mounted Annual output: 1,200 MWh Location: Top of South Table Mountain; NREL Campus; Golden, Colorado Start of operation: Spring 2008 financial terms System

  19. Array of titanium dioxide nanostructures for solar energy utilization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Qiu, Xiaofeng; Parans Paranthaman, Mariappan; Chi, Miaofang; Ivanov, Ilia N; Zhang, Zhenyu

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of titanium dioxide nanostructures for solar energy utilization includes a plurality of nanotubes, each nanotube including an outer layer coaxial with an inner layer, where the inner layer comprises p-type titanium dioxide and the outer layer comprises n-type titanium dioxide. An interface between the inner layer and the outer layer defines a p-n junction.

  20. Position sensor for linear synchronous motors employing halbach arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A position sensor suitable for use in linear synchronous motor (LSM) drive systems employing Halbach arrays to create their magnetic fields is described. The system has several advantages over previously employed ones, especially in its simplicity and its freedom from being affected by weather conditions, accumulated dirt, or electrical interference from the LSM system itself.