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1

BNL | Jean Logan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiotracer Chemistry and Neuroimaging Selected Publications Logan J., Alexoff D., and Fowler J.S. The use of alternative forms of graphical analysis to balance bias and precision...

2

Logan, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Logan, Utah: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates...

3

EA-1812: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, Colorado EA-1812: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, Colorado Summary This EA evaluates the...

4

Logan, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logan, Ohio: Energy Resources Logan, Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.5400672°, -82.4070986° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.5400672,"lon":-82.4070986,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Analysis of aircraft surface motion at Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the nature of aircraft surface motion on the airport surface during normal operations. Twelve hours of radar data, gathered by MIT Lincoln Laboratories from Logan airport in Boston, ...

Alhanatis, Robert Elias

6

Improving public transportation to Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boston Logan International Airport is the largest airport in New England and the 1 9 th busiest airport in the United States, serving 29.3 million passengers (arrivals and departures) in 2012. There are approximately 36,900 ...

Cao, Siyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

City of Logan, Utah (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logan, Utah (Utility Company) Logan, Utah (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Logan Place Utah Utility Id 11135 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Alternate energy net metering-Energy Rate for Excess Energy Sold to the Utility Commercial General Service-Distribution Voltage-single phase-Demand greater than 30 KW Industrial General Service-Distribution Voltage-single phase-Demand less than or equal

8

Logan View Public Schools Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

View Public Schools Wind Project View Public Schools Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Logan View Public Schools Wind Project Facility Logan View Public Schools Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location NE Coordinates 41.651546°, -96.50457° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.651546,"lon":-96.50457,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Logan County Coop Power & Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Coop Power & Light County Coop Power & Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Logan County Coop Power & Light Place Ohio Utility Id 11203 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png COMMERCIAL AND GENERAL SERVICE Commercial FARM AND RESIDENTIAL SERVICE Residential LARGE POWER SERVICE Industrial Security Lighting 175 W LED Lighting Security Lighting 400 W LED Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.1190/kWh Commercial: $0.1040/kWh Industrial: $0.0724/kWh References

10

EA-1812: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, Colorado |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, 12: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, Colorado EA-1812: Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips County, Colorado Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to authorize the expenditure of Federal funding through the Community Renewable Energy Deployment Program to Phillips County for design, permitting, and construction of an approximately 30-megawatt wind energy project, known as Haxtun Wind Project, within Phillips and Logan counties in northeastern Colorado. The proposed project consists of 18 wind turbines that would interconnect to the Highline Electric Cooperative equipment inside Western Area Power Administration's Haxtun substation just south of the Town of Haxtun. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

11

Signature Crossroads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signature Crossroads, an urban form that grows out of an street intersection, combines both the sense of "transit" and the sense of "destination." Such dual character gives Signature Crossroads a superiority over traditional ...

Chong, Puifai Cyril

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Energy Conservation Design Features of the ARCO Metals Logan County Aluminum Process Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARCO Metals Company (Formerly Anaconda Aluminum Company) is proceeding as scheduled with the construction of a $400 Million aluminum processing complex in Logan County, Kentucky. When the initial construction phase is completed in the Fall 1983, the complex will be capable of producing 400 million pounds per year of aluminum, sheet and foil using highly automated, computer controlled equipment that will maximize end product quality and minimize the consumption of energy. This paper will describe the basic processes used in the Logan complex and several design features that are being incorporated to reduce energy consumption. Large reverberatroy melting furnaces will remelt scrap aluminum and ingots will be cast on site to supplement those delivered to the site from ARCO Metal's reduction plants. The melting furnaces are expected to achieve a high efficiency which will be further enhanced by the utilization of exhaust gases to preheat the scrap as well as the combustion air. A coreless induction furnace will be used to reduce the melt loss normally associated with light gauge scrap. The ingots will be heated prior to rolling in the hot mill in direct fired preheating furnaces with variable speed fans that minimize cycle time. Flue gasses from these furnaces will be used to generate steam In a waste heat boiler. Motor loads in the hot mill and cold mills, along with other electrical loads, will be monitored by a computer system to minimize peak loading on the TVA power system. Annealing of aluminum coils will be accomplished in radiant tube furnaces with variable speed fan drives in an inert atmosphere produced by an electric powered air separation plant. These furnaces will use recuperative burners. The HVAC system incorporates a feature that will recover stratified hot air for use in other parts of the complex for ambient temperature control.

Speer, J. A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fuzzy rough signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the idea of Fuzzy Signature to Fuzzy Rough Signature (FRS). The proposed Fuzzy Rough Signature is capable of handling most kind of uncertainty: epistemic and random uncertainty, vagueness due to indiscernibility, and linguistic vagueness that ... Keywords: aggregation operators, fuzzy probability, fuzzy signatures, generalized weighted relevance aggregation operator (WRAO), mathematical theory of evidence, polymorphic fuzzy signatures (PFS), possibility, probability, probability of fuzzy events, rough fuzzy signatures, rough sets

B. S. U. Mendis; L. T. Kczy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

DOE/EA-1611: Mitigation Action Plan for the Colorado Highlands Wind Project, Logan County, Colorado (01/19/09)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 19, 2009 January 19, 2009 Mitigation Action Plan Colorado Highlands Wind Project Logan County, Colorado Project Overview. Western Area Power Administration (Western) a power marketing agency of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to approve interconnection of the Project with Western's transmission system and the connected action of the Project. Colorado Highlands Wind LLC (CHWP) applied (via predecessor project owner Wind Energy Prototypes) to Western to interconnect a 90-megawatt (MW) wind power facility with Western's existing Sterling-Frenchman Creek 115-kV transmission line. Approval of the Interconnection Agreement would allow the Project to interconnect with Western's proposed Wildhorse Creek Switchyard. In accordance with the DOE NEPA

15

Signature Holidays | Facebook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Signature Holidays, Bangalore, India. 83 likes 1 talking about this. To enhance your travel & holiday experiences at very competitive rates.

16

CFO .:. Signature Authority Guidelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations Presentations Strategic Plan Ten Commandments Budget Office Business Systems Analysis Conference Services Controller's Office Field Operations Financial Policy & Assurance Human Resources in the OCFO Procurement & Property Office of Sponsored Projects & Industry Partnerships Training Travel Office spacer OCFO Home Send Feedback Signature Authority Guidelines LBNL Signature Authority Guidelines for Operational Transactions Signature Authorization System (SAS) Database in BRS: The Authorized Signers List can be found in the BLIS Reporting System (BRS) in the purchasing folder.You will need your LDAP username and password to access this database. Access the BLIS Reporting System (BRS) by clicking HERE. Delegation of Signature Authority Form: All requests for signature authority for Laboratory employees in the

17

Signature Holidays | Facebook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Signature Holidays, Bangalore. 81 Me gusta 2 personas estn hablando de esto. To enhance your travel & holiday experiences at very competitive rates.

18

Quantum Signatures of Spacetime Graininess Quantum Signatures of Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Signatures of Spacetime Graininess Quantum Signatures of Spacetime "Graininess" Sachindeo September 2009 #12;Quantum Signatures of Spacetime Graininess Introduction 1 Length scales in physics 2 Spacetime noncommutativity from quantum uncertainties 3 Quantum Mechanics on Noncommutative Spacetime 4

19

Signature Journal 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Signature Journal is EPRI's premier power quality publication with each electronic issue focusing on a specific industry or power quality challenge. This issue includes the following articles: Serving the "Silicon Dragon" in Taiwan Flywheel Installation and Demonstration Using Transfer Coefficients for Flicker Planning Studies at Southern Company Signature is a newsletter product of the EPRI PQ Knowledge program (PS1D).

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

20

Self-certified ring signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new notion, Self-certified Ring Signature (SCRS), to provide an alternative solution to the certificate management problem in ring signatures and eliminate private key escrow problem in identity based ring signatures. Our scheme captures ...

Nan Li; Yi Mu; Willy Susilo; Fuchun Guo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

2011 Signature Journal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Signature Journal is an annual newsletter product of the EPRI PQ Knowledge program (PS1D). This issue includes the following articles: Proactive Power Quality: The SCE&G Model Lightning Arrester Application and Performance Assessment High School Football Lighting

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

Dictionary of LHC Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a plan to establish a "Dictionary of LHC Signatures", an initiative that started at the WHEPPX workshop in January 2008. This study aims towards the strategy on distinguishing of 3 classes of dark matter motivated scenarios such as R-parity conserved supersymmetry, Little Higgs models with T-parity conservation and Universal Extra Dimensions with KK-parity for generic cases of their realization in wide range of the model space. Discriminating signatures are tabulated and will need a further detailed analysis.

A. Belyaev; I. A. Christidi; A. De Roeck; R. M. Godbole; B. Mellado; A. Nyffeler; C. Petridou; D. P. Roy

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

23

Yet Another Sanitizable and Deletable Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, Izu et al. introduced a concept of the sanitizable and deletable signature as a combination of the sanitizable signature and the deletable signature in which the partial information (e.g. privacy information) can be sanitized or deleted with ... Keywords: Digital signature, sanitizable signature, deletable signature, sanitizable, deletable signature

Tetsuya Izu; Masami Izumi; Noboru Kunihiro; Kazuo Ohta

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

EPRI PQ Signature Journal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Signature Journal is an annual newsletter product of the EPRI PQ Knowledge program (PS1D). This issue includes the following articles: Implementing Permanent Site Monitors for Power Quality Open-Delta and Open-Wye Utility Supplies to Adjustable-Speed Drives and Inverter-Based Technologies IEEE P1668: A New Voltage-Sag Characterization and Testing Standard

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Mining succinct predicated bug signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bug signature is a set of program elements highlighting the cause or effect of a bug, and provides contextual information for debugging. In order to mine a signature for a buggy program, two sets of execution profiles of the program, one capturing ... Keywords: bug signature, feature selection, statistical debugging

Chengnian Sun; Siau-Cheng Khoo

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Measured Performance Signature Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance correction of systems that have many thermally integrated components is complex and subject to error if individual component misperformance and/or deterioration is present. The performance correction involves a set of equations or curves which relate the expected changes in dependent performance parameters (i.e. output, fuel consumption, etc.) to changes in the dependent parameters defining a standard condition (i.e. ambient temperatures, pressure, fuel composition, etc.). These relations and curves are usually generated by vendor performance programs which reflect the design data of the given plant components. However, such relations and curves applied to the overall correction of thermally integrated components can introduce significant correction error if the equipment performance differs from the expected design values. This can be particularly important in acceptance testing and base line monitoring of older plants where performance deterioration has occurred. The performance testing or monitoring of power plants requires that results be corrected to a given reference or standard condition. This correction procedure may be used in various applications, including determining compliance to a guarantee that is specified to a given reference, to compare different plants under similar operating conditions, and/or to track the performance of a given plant with time on a consistent basis. A Measured Performance Signature (MPS) approach has been developed to improve integrated system performance corrections. This procedure is useful for acceptance testing and continuous performance monitoring of industrial cogeneration plants or any energy system. The plant performance signature, is determined from on-line measurements, and corrected to a specified reference. This procedure provides information for adaptive on-line optimum dispatch, equipment performance monitoring, or for conducting system "what if' scenarios. The MPS is a very useful technique which may be applied to Acceptance Testing Monitoring and Operations Optimization. The technique is general and can be applied to all types of plant equipment and configurations.

Ahner, D. J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An expressive language of signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current languages allow a programmer to describe an interface only by enumerating its parts, possibly including other interfaces wholesale. Such languages cannot express relationships between interfaces, yet when independently developed software components ... Keywords: interfaces, objective Caml, programming in the large, signature manipulation, signatures, standard ML

Norman Ramsey; Kathleen Fisher; Paul Govereau

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Security of Sanitizable Signatures Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sanitizable signature schemes, as defined by Ateniese et al. (ESORICS 2005), allow a signer to partly delegate signing rights to another party, called the sanitizer. That is, the sanitizer is able to modify a predetermined part of the original message ...

Christina Brzuska; Marc Fischlin; Tobias Freudenreich; Anja Lehmann; Marcus Page; Jakob Schelbert; Dominique Schrder; Florian Volk

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

NREL: Energy Analysis - Jeffrey Logan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy policy and markets Primary research interests Clean energy and carbon markets Renewable energy policy Linkages between climate mitigation and energy security Education...

30

Group signatures are suitable for constrained devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a group signature scheme, group members are able to sign messages on behalf of the group. Moreover, resulting signatures are anonymous and unlinkable for every verifier except for a given authority. In this paper, we mainly focus on one of the most ... Keywords: anonymity, constrained devices, group signature, server-aided computation

Sbastien Canard; Iwen Coisel; Giacomo De Meulenaer; Olivier Pereira

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Provably secure convertible undeniable signatures with unambiguity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows some efficient and provably-secure convertible undeniable signature schemes (with both selective conversion and all conversion), in the standard model and discrete logarithm setting. They further satisfy unambiguity, which is traditionally ... Keywords: anonymous signatures, discrete logarithm, selective/all conversion, standard model, undeniable signatures

Le Trieu Phong; Kaoru Kurosawa; Wakaha Ogata

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

SIGNATURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Installations for monitoring and controlling radioactive discharges and for surveillance of the environment in Slovenia during normal operations of the Krko nuclear power plant site; monitoring network

Krko; Nuclear Power Plant; C. Gitzinger (team Leader; V. Tanner; A. Godeanu-metz; M. Betti (jrc-karlsruhe; C. Gitzinger; V. Tanner; E. Henrich; A. Godeanu-metz; M. Betti

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many efforts have been made to produce a competitive alternative to natural gas. Natural gas lowers the pollution but it is expensive and limited. One leading idea is that of renewable hydrogen. Renewable hydrogen has the potential of being cost effective and environmental friendly. The strategy is based on producing hydrogen from biomass pyrolysis using a coproduct strategy to reduce the cost of hydrogen. During the first steps slow pyrolysis is used to maximize the yield of charcoal using densified peanut shells. Results were produced using the molecular beam mass spectrometer and the differential scanning calorimeter. MBMS produced kinetic data analysis that will help in predicting time and temperature requirements. The DSC produced information needed for heat requirements. All of the data gained from this summer will be used in the planning of the project.

Malene Savage

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Input apparatus for dynamic signature verification systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to signature verification input apparatus comprising a writing instrument and platen containing piezoelectric transducers which generate signals in response to writing pressures.

EerNisse, Errol P. (Albuquerque, NM); Land, Cecil E. (Albuquerque, NM); Snelling, Jay B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Manhattan Project Signature Facilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities The Department of Energy, in the mid-1990s, developed a list of eight Manhattan Project properties that were designated as "Signature Facilities." These properties, taken together, provided the essential core for successfully interpreting for the American public the Manhattan Project mission of developing an atomic bomb. The Department's goal was to move foward in preserving and interpreting these properties by integrating departmental headquarters and field activities and joining in a working partnership with all interested outside entities, organizations, and individuals, including Congress, state and local governments, the Department's contractors, and various other stakeholders.

36

The Tornadic Vortex Signature: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tornadic vortex signature (TVS) is a degraded Doppler velocity signature of a tornado that occurs when the core region of a tornado is smaller than the half-power beamwidth of the sampling Doppler radar. Soon after the TVS was discovered in the ...

Rodger A. Brown; Vincent T. Wood

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Efficient autonomous signature exchange on ubiquitous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fair signature exchange in emerging ubiquitous commerce (u-commerce) poses new security challenges. In particular, its operations are highly distributed and autonomous, and typically run on much open, dynamic and resource-diversified ubiquitous networks. ... Keywords: Communication protocol, Fair exchange, Signature, Ubiquitous computing, Verifiable encryption

Q. Shi; N. Zhang; D. Llewellyn-Jones

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Help:Signatures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Help page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Help:Signatures Jump to: navigation, search Users can easily sign their posts at the end of a comment. Signing is normally done on talk pages only, not on conjointly written articles. Default signature options There are three default options. Four tildes are standard (full signature). Typing three tildes results in a username-only signature (without timestamp). Typing five tildes results in a pure timestamp (without username). Function Wiki markup Resulting code Resulting display Signature plus timestamp ~~~~ [[User:Username|Username]] 12:34, 1 February 2008 (UTC) Username 12:34, 1 February 2008 (UTC)

39

Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities » Opportunities » Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Promoting and supporting high-quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. Contact Director Harald Dogliani (505) 663-5309 Email Deputy and Signatures Jon Schoonover (505) 665-0772 Email Professional Staff Assistant Georgia Sanchez (505) 663-5291 Email Astophysics and Cosmology Ed Fenimore (505) 667-7371 Email Climate Manvendra K. Dubey (505) 665-3128 Email Geophysics Scott Baldridge (505) 667-4338 Email Space Physics Josef Koller (505) 665-7395 Email Expanding the frontiers of astrophysical, space, earth, and climate sciences and their signatures The Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures at Los

40

Real time gamma-ray signature identifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.

Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A framework for universally composable non-committing blind signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies non-committing type of universally composable (UC) blind signature protocols where an adversary does not necessarily commit to a message when requesting a signature. An ordinary UC blind signature functionality requires users to commit ...

Masayuki Abe; Miyako Ohkubo

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Testing, Training, and Signature Devices | Y-12 National Security...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing, Training, and ... Testing, Training, and Signature Devices Y-12 manufactures specialized uranium testing, training, and signature devices to support the nuclear detection...

43

Signature Region of Interest using Auto cropping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach for signature region of interest pre-processing was presented. It used new auto cropping preparation on the basis of the image content, where the intensity value of pixel is the source of cropping. This approach provides both the possibility of improving the performance of security systems based on signature images, and also the ability to use only the region of interest of the used image to suit layout design of biometric systems. Underlying the approach is a novel segmentation method which identifies the exact region of foreground of signature for feature extraction usage. Evaluation results of this approach shows encouraging prospects by eliminating the need for false region isolating, reduces the time cost associated with signature false points detection, and addresses enhancement issues. A further contribution of this paper is an automated cropping stage in bio-secure based systems.

Al-Mahadeen, Bassam; AlTarawneh, Islam H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Tidal Mixing Signatures in the Indonesian Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Expressions of low-frequency tidal periods are found throughout the Indonesian Seas' temperature field, supporting the hypothesis that vertical mixing is enhanced within the Indonesian Seas by the tides. The thermal signatures of tidal mixing ...

Amy Ffield; Arnold L. Gordon

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Forecasting Seismic Signatures of Stellar Magnetic Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the Sun, a tight correlation between various activity measures and oscillation frequencies is well documented. For other stars, we have abundant data on magnetic activity and its changes but not yet on its seismic signature. A prediction of the activity induced frequency changes in stars based on scaling the solar relations is presented. This seismic signature of the activity should be measurable in the data expected within few years.

W. A. Dziembowski

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

46

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics  

SciTech Connect

Chemical and physical signatures for microbial forensics John Cliff and Helen Kreuzer-Martin, eds. Humana Press Chapter 1. Introduction: Review of history and statement of need. Randy Murch, Virginia Tech Chapter 2. The Microbe: Structure, morphology, and physiology of the microbe as they relate to potential signatures of growth conditions. Joany Jackman, Johns Hopkins University Chapter 3. Science for Forensics: Special considerations for the forensic arena - quality control, sample integrity, etc. Mark Wilson (retired FBI): Western Carolina University Chapter 4. Physical signatures: Light and electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, gravimetry etc. Joseph Michael, Sandia National Laboratory Chapter 5. Lipids: FAME, PLFA, steroids, LPS, etc. James Robertson, Federal Bureau of Investigation Chapter 6. Carbohydrates: Cell wall components, cytoplasm components, methods Alvin Fox, University of South Carolina School of Medicine David Wunschel, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Chapter 7. Peptides: Peptides, proteins, lipoproteins David Wunschel, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Chapter 8. Elemental content: CNOHPS (treated in passing), metals, prospective cell types John Cliff, International Atomic Energy Agency Chapter 9. Isotopic signatures: Stable isotopes C,N,H,O,S, 14C dating, potential for heavy elements. Helen Kreuzer-Martin, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michaele Kashgarian, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Chapter 10. Extracellular signatures: Cellular debris, heme, agar, headspace, spent media, etc Karen Wahl, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Chapter 11. Data Reduction and Integrated Microbial Forensics: Statistical concepts, parametric and multivariate statistics, integrating signatures Kristin Jarman, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Cliff, John B.; Kreuzer, Helen W.; Ehrhardt, Christopher J.; Wunschel, David S.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

47

Assessing the Quality of Bioforensic Signatures  

SciTech Connect

We present a mathematical framework for assessing the quality of signature systems in terms of fidelity, cost, risk, and utilitya method we refer to as Signature Quality Metrics (SQM). We demonstrate the SQM approach by assessing the quality of a signature system designed to predict the culture medium used to grow a microorganism. The system consists of four chemical assays designed to identify various ingredients that could be used to produce the culture medium. The analytical measurements resulting from any combination of these four assays can be used in a Bayesian network to predict the probabilities that the microorganism was grown using one of eleven culture media. We evaluated fifteen combinations of the signature system by removing one or more of the assays from the Bayes network. We demonstrated that SQM can be used to distinguish between the various combinations in terms of attributes of interest. The approach assisted in clearly identifying assays that were least informative, largely in part because they only could discriminate between very few culture media, and in particular, culture media that are rarely used. There are limitations associated with the data that were used to train and test the signature system. Consequently, our intent is not to draw formal conclusions regarding this particular bioforensic system, but rather to illustrate an analytical approach that could be useful in comparing one signature system to another.

Sego, Landon H.; Holmes, Aimee E.; Gosink, Luke J.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Kreuzer, Helen W.; Anderson, Richard M.; Brothers, Alan J.; Corley, Courtney D.; Tardiff, Mark F.

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

Finding input sub-spaces for polymorphic fuzzy signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant feature of fuzzy signatures is its applicability for complex and sparse data. To create Polymorphic Fuzzy Signatures (PFS) for sparse data, sparse input sub-spaces (ISSs) should be considered. Finding the optimal ISSs manually is not a ... Keywords: WRAO, fuzzy C-means, fuzzy signatures, input subspace clustering, polymorphic fuzzy signatures, trapezoidal approximation

A. H. Hadad; T. D. Gedeon; B. S. U. Mendis

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Partially blind threshold signatures based on discrete logarithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a group-oriented partially blind (t, n) threshold signature scheme based on the discrete logarithm problem. By the scheme, any t out of n signers in a group can represent the group to sign partially blind threshold signatures, ... Keywords: Discrete logarithm, E-cash systems, Partially blind signatures, Privacy and security, Secure, Secure voting schemes, Threshold signatures

W. -S. Juang; C. -L. Lei

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

ID-based proxy signature scheme with message recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proxy signature scheme, introduced by Mambo, Usuda and Okamoto, allows an entity to delegate its signing rights to another entity. Identity based public key cryptosystems are a good alternative for a certificate based public key setting, especially ... Keywords: Bilinear pairing, ID-based signature, Mobile agent, Proxy signature, Signature with message recovery

Harendra Singh; Girraj Kumar Verma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Untraceable blind signature schemes based on discrete logarithm problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the help of a blind signature scheme, a requester can obtain a signature on a message from a signer such that the signer knows nothing about the content of the messages and is unable to link the resulting message-signature pair; namely, a blind ... Keywords: DSA, RSA, blind signature, cryptography

Cheng-Chi Lee; Wei-Pang Yang; Min-Shiang Hwang

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Remote Sensing of Chiral Signatures on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular polarization spectroscopy. The natural tendency of microbes to congregate in close knit communities would be beneficial for such a survey. Observations of selected areas of the Mars surface could reveal chiral signatures and hence explore the possibility of extant or preserved biological material. We describe a new instrumental technique that may enable observations of this form.

Sparks, William; Germer, Thomas A; Robb, Frank; Kolokolova, Ludmilla

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Security problem on arbitrated quantum signature schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Until now, there have been developed many arbitrated quantum signature schemes implemented with a help of a trusted third party. In order to guarantee the unconditional security, most of them take advantage of the optimal quantum one-time encryption method based on Pauli operators. However, we in this paper point out that the previous schemes only provides a security against total break and actually show that there exists a simple existential forgery attack to validly modify the transmitted pair of message and signature. In addition, we also provide a simple method to recover the security against the proposed attack.

Jeong Woon Choi; Ku-Young Chang; Dowon Hong

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

54

Thermodynamic Signatures of Half-Quantum Vortices in p+ip Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Thermodynamic Signatures of Half-OF THE DISSERTATION Thermodynamic Signatures of Half-Quantumto leave various thermodynamic signatures accessible to the

Krahn, Graham Joel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Owl Horn Radar Signature in Developing Southern Plains Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During spring 2001 in the Southern Plains, a recurring, hitherto undocumented reflectivity signature that the authors have called the Owl Horn signature (because the radar reflectivity pattern resembles the profile of the Great Horned Owl) was ...

Matthew R. Kramar; Howard B. Bluestein; Andrew L. Pazmany; John D. Tuttle

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The FIPS 186-4 Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... pass for formal validation, and general instruction for interfacing ... 5 Design Philosophy of the Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Enhancing byte-level network intrusion detection signatures with context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many network intrusion detection systems (NIDS) use byte sequences as signatures to detect malicious activity. While being highly efficient, they tend to suffer from a high false-positive rate. We develop the concept of contextual signatures as ... Keywords: bro, evaluation, network intrusion detection, pattern matching, security, signatures, snort

Robin Sommer; Vern Paxson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Efficient and short certificateless signatures secure against realistic adversaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of certificateless cryptography is aimed to eliminate the use of certificates in traditional public key cryptography and also to solve the key-escrow problem in identity-based cryptography. Many kinds of security models have been designed ... Keywords: Bilinear pairing, Certificateless signature, Cryptographic protocol, Digital signature, Random oracle model, Short signature

Raylin Tso; Xun Yi; Xinyi Huang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A HIC Primitive Spinodal Decomposition Signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence of a primitive spinodal decomposition has been obtained for central Ni+Ni Heavy Ion Collision, since higher order charge correlations show a peak when four fragments of size equal to 6 are produced with an excitation of 4.75 MeV. This can be considered as a signature of a primitive breakup in equal sized fragments with a privileged fragment size. This computational result confirms other experimental and theoretical evidences about spinodal decompostion in HIC.

Armando Barran; J. A. Lpez

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

60

Signature Metabolites at Manufactured Gas Plant Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of research to demonstrate the biodegradation component of natural attenuation at former manufactured gas plant (MGP) sites. Researchers developed a target compound list of signature metabolites, biochemical intermediates of mono- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (MAH and PAH) biodegradation. They identified and tested appropriate methods of chemical analysis for these metabolites in MGP groundwater and sediments. Emphasis was placed on identifying natural microbiological ...

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Automated defect spatial signature analysis for semiconductor manufacturing process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for performing automated defect spatial signature alysis on a data set representing defect coordinates and wafer processing information includes categorizing data from the data set into a plurality of high level categories, classifying the categorized data contained in each high level category into user-labeled signature events, and correlating the categorized, classified signature events to a present or incipient anomalous process condition.

Tobin, Jr., Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN); Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, TN); Karnowski, Thomas P. (Knoxville, TN); Sari-Sarraf, Hamed (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Reactor power history from fission product signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research was to identify fission product signatures that could be used to uniquely identify a specific spent fuel assembly in order to improve international safeguards. This capability would help prevent and deter potential diversion of spent fuel for a nuclear weapons program. The power history experienced by a fuel assembly is distinct and could serve as the basis of a method for unique identification. Using fission product concentrations to characterize the assembly power history would limit the ability of a proliferator to deceive the identification method. As part of the work completed, the TransLat lattice physics code was successfully benchmarked for fuel depletion. By developing analytical models for potential monitor isotopes an understanding was built of how specific isotope characteristics affect the production and destruction mechanisms that determine fission product concentration. With this knowledge potential monitor isotopes were selected and tested for concentration differences as a result of power history variations. Signature ratios were found to have significant concentration differences as a result of power history variations while maintaining a constant final burnup. A conceptual method for implementation of a fission product identification system was proposed in conclusion.

Sweeney, David J.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Signature splitting in $^{173}$W with triaxial particle rotor model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A particle rotor model with a quasi-neutron coupled with a triaxially deformed rotor is applied to study signature splitting for bands with intruder orbital $\

B. Qi; S. Q. Zhang; S. Y. Wang; J. Meng

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Signature splitting in $^{173}$W with triaxial particle rotor model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A particle rotor model with a quasi-neutron coupled with a triaxially deformed rotor is applied to study signature splitting for bands with intruder orbital $\

Qi, B; Wang, S Y; Meng, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Unprecedented accurate abundances: signatures of other Earths?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For more than 140 years the chemical composition of our Sun has been considered typical of solar-type stars. Our highly differential elemental abundance analysis of unprecedented accuracy (~0.01 dex) of the Sun relative to solar twins, shows that the Sun has a peculiar chemical composition with a ~20% depletion of refractory elements relative to the volatile elements in comparison with solar twins. The abundance differences correlate strongly with the condensation temperatures of the elements. A similar study of solar analogs from planet surveys shows that this peculiarity also holds in comparisons with solar analogs known to have close-in giant planets while the majority of solar analogs without detected giant planets show the solar abundance pattern. The peculiarities in the solar chemical composition can be explained as signatures of the formation of terrestrial planets like our own Earth.

Melendez, J; Gustafsson, B; Yong, D; Ramrez, I

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Improving hierarchical document signature performance by classifier combination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a classifier-combination experimental framework for part-of-speech (POS) tagging in which four different POS taggers are combined in order to get a better result for sentence similarity using Hierarchical Document Signature (HDS). It is important ... Keywords: different tagging methods, hierarchical document signature, part-of-speech taggers

Jieyi Liao; B. Sumudu U. Mendis; Sukanya Manna

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Efficient signatures of knowledge and DAA in the standard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct Anonymous Attestation (DAA) is one of the most complex cryptographic protocols deployed in practice. It allows an embedded secure processor known as a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) to attest to the configuration of its host computer without violating ... Keywords: DAA, group signatures, signatures of knowledge, standard model

David Bernhard, Georg Fuchsbauer, Essam Ghadafi

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ADVISORY ALERT: Dekker, Ltd. Digital Signature - PARS II Reporting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ADVISORY ALERT: Dekker, Ltd. Digital Signature - PARS II Reporting ADVISORY ALERT: Dekker, Ltd. Digital Signature - PARS II Reporting As you know, to run reports in the PARS II, users must install an active X control to their workstations. The FIRST TIME a user attempts to run a report after installing the Active X control, a Security Warning will appear stating: That warning appears because, although the digital signature is valid, the digital signature is from a publisher (in this case Dekker, Ltd.) whom you have not yet chosen to trust. The following steps instruct you how to clear the security warning so that you may continue working with PARS II reports. Please note: Once you complete the process of accepting the Dekker, LTd. digital signature, this warning will not re-appear. This process must be done ONCE to "inform" your PC that Dekker, LTd. is an

69

Testing, Training, and Signature Devices | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing, Testing, Training, and ... Testing, Training, and Signature Devices Y-12 manufactures specialized uranium testing, training, and signature devices to support the nuclear detection community. As part of our national security mission, and in partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, we are producing unique test objects for passive gamma ray signature analysis. Y-12 is fabricating new Highly Enriched Uranium Equivalent Radiological Signature Training Devices, tools that use an innovative method to replicate a much larger mass of uranium. These objects contain small amounts of U-235 embedded in an aluminum alloy. When seen by a detector, however, the gamma ray signature is nearly equivalent to a much larger amount of U-235, due to the alloying effect that minimizes the uranium

70

Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion Chamber Title Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion Chamber Publication Type Journal...

71

Robust signatures of solar neutrino oscillation solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the goal of identifying signatures that select specific neutrino oscillation parameters, we test the robustness of global oscillation solutions that fit all the available solar and reactor experimental data. We use three global analysis strategies previously applied by different authors and also determine the sensitivity of the oscillation solutions to the critical nuclear fusion cross section, S_{17}(0), for the production of 8B. The neutral current to charged current ratio for SNO is predicted to be 3.5 +- 0.6 (1 sigma) for the favored LMA, LOW, and VAC solutions, which is separated from the no-oscillation value of 1.0 by much more than the expected experimental error. The predicted range of the day-night difference in charged current rates is between 0% and 21% (3 sigma) and is to be strongly correlated with the day-night effect for neutrino-electron scattering. A measurement by SNO of either a NC to CC ratio > 3.3 or a day-night difference > 10%, would favor a small region of the currently allowed LM...

Bahcall, J N; Pea-Garay, C; Bahcall, John N.; Pea-Garay, Carlos

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Trilepton signatures from SUSY at ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the potential of the ATLAS detector to discover trilepton final state signatures from decays of supersymmetric particles at the LHC. An inclusive and an exclusive trilepton search have been conducted for a range of different mSUGRA scenarios, in the focus point region, in the bulk region, and at the edge of the current experimental limits on SUSY. It is found that a simple inclusive selection, based on the presence of three leptons and at least one high-$p_T$ jet in the final state, has the potential to be an excellent candidate for an early physics programme at the LHC. The exclusive trilepton selection, optimised for the focus point region, relies on stringent lepton track isolation and also includes cuts on variables such as transverse missing energy and on the hadronic activity in the event. In a heavy SUSY scenario, where all scalar and coloured sparticles may be too heavy to be observed at the LHC, hadronically quiet trilepton final states could be amongst the few accessible channels to d...

Potter, C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Characterization of Tornado Spectral Signatures Using Higher-Order Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinct tornado spectral signatures (TSSs), which are similar to white noise spectra or have bimodal features, have been observed in both simulations and real data from Doppler radars. The shape of the tornado spectrum depends on several ...

Tian-You Yu; Yadong Wang; Alan Shapiro; Mark B. Yeary; Dusan S. Zrni?; Richard J. Doviak

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Motor current signature analysis method for diagnosing motor operated devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current noise signature analysis method and apparatus for remotely monitoring the operating characteristics of an electric motor-operated device such as a motor-operated valve. Frequency domain signal analysis techniques are applied to a conditioned motor current signal to distinctly identify various operating parameters of the motor driven device from the motor current signature. The signature may be recorded and compared with subsequent signatures to detect operating abnormalities and degradation of the device. This diagnostic method does not require special equipment to be installed on the motor-operated device, and the current sensing may be performed at remote control locations, e.g., where the motor-operated devices are used in accessible or hostile environments.

Haynes, Howard D. (Kingston, TN); Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

V-073: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification Flaw  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification 3: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification Flaw Lets Remote Users Modify Attributes V-073: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification Flaw Lets Remote Users Modify Attributes January 21, 2013 - 12:15am Addthis PROBLEM: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification Flaw Lets Remote Users Modify Attributes PLATFORM: Tivoli Federated Identity Manager versions 6.2.0, 6.2.1, 6.2.2 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: IBM Security Bulletin: 1615744 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028011 CVE-2012-6359 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The system does not check that all attributes have been signed. A remote user with the ability to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack can modify

76

Radar Signatures of Tropical Cyclone Tornadoes in Central North Carolina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the tropical cyclone season of 2004, there were four tropical cyclones that spawned tornadoes in central North Carolina: Frances, Gaston, Ivan, and Jeanne. This study examines the environmental characteristics and radar signatures from ...

Douglas Schneider; Scott Sharp

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Signature of the Annular Modes in the Moisture Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mid- and high-latitude variations of mass and momentum, variously termed the Arctic and Antarctic oscillations and/or the Northern and Southern Annular Modes also have a signature in the moisture budget. This is investigated, using associated ...

G. J. Boer; S. Fourest; B. Yu

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Reexamining the Vertical Development of Tornadic Vortex Signatures in Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from a hybrid phased-array Doppler radar, the Mobile Weather Radar, 2005 X-band, Phased-Array (MWR-05XP), were used to investigate the vertical development of tornadic vortex signatures (TVSs) during supercell tornadogenesis. Data ...

Michael M. French; Howard B. Bluestein; Ivan PopStefanija; Chad A. Baldi; Robert T. Bluth

79

Signatures of doubly-charged Higgsinos at colliders  

SciTech Connect

Several supersymmetric models with extended gauge structures predict light doubly-charged Higgsinos. Their distinctive signature at the large hadron collider is highlighted by studying its production and decay characteristics.

Demir, D. A. [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, IZTECH, TR35430 Izmir (Turkey); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Frank, M.; Turan, I. [Department of Physics, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6 (Canada); Huitu, K.; Rai, S. K. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014, Helsinki (Finland)

2008-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

80

Speculation without Oil Stockpiling as a Signature: A Dynamic Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the standard analysis of commodity prices, stockpiling is a necessary signature of speculation. This paper develops an approach suggesting that speculation may temporarily push crude oil prices above the level ...

Babusiaux, Denis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: Date: Page 1 of 2 11.1C.Ena U.S, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY it): EERE: PROJECT MAN AG EMEN . 1 CENTER NEPA DE TERI ILNATION RECIPIENT:Honeywell...

82

Resolving the Regional Signature of the Annular Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sector EOF analysis applied to the extratropical tropospheric circulation extracts robust circulation patterns that represent the regional signature of the annular modes. These regional patterns are eastward-propagating, long baroclinic wave ...

Paul J. Kushner; Gabriel Lee

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Dual-wavelength polarimetric radar analyses of tornadic debris signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical properties of tornado debris signatures (TDSs) are investigated using S- and C-band polarimetric radar data with comparisons to damage surveys and satellite imagery. Close proximity of the radars to the 10 May 2010 Moore-Oklahoma City ...

David J. Bodine; Robert D. Palmer; Guifu Zhang

84

Robust signatures of solar neutrino oscillation solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the goal of identifying signatures that select specific neutrino oscillation parameters, we test the robustness of global oscillation solutions that fit all the available solar and reactor experimental data. We use three global analysis strategies previously applied by different authors and also determine the sensitivity of the oscillation solutions to the critical nuclear fusion cross section, S_{17}(0), for the production of 8B. The favored solutions are LMA, LOW, and VAC in order of g.o.f. The neutral current to charged current ratio for SNO is predicted to be 3.5 +- 0.6 (1 sigma), which is separated from the no-oscillation value of 1.0 by much more than the expected experimental error. The predicted range of the day-night difference in charged current rates is (8.2 +- 5.2)% and is strongly correlated with the day-night effect for neutrino-electron scattering. A measurement by SNO of either a NC to CC ratio > 3.3 or a day-night difference > 10%, would favor a small region of the currently allowed LMA neutrino parameter space. The global oscillation solutions predict a 7Be neutrino-electron scattering rate in BOREXINO and KamLAND in the range 0.66 +- 0.04 of the BP00 standard solar model rate, a prediction which can be used to test both the solar model and the neutrino oscillation theory. Only the LOW solution predicts a large day-night effect(reactor experiment, the LMA solution predicts 0.44 of the standard model rate; we evaluate 1 sigma and 3 sigma uncertainties and the first and second moments of the energy spectrum.

John N. Bahcall; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Carlos Pena-Garay

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

85

Seismic Pulses Derivation from the Study of Source Signature Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a deterministic technique for the derivation of seismic pulses by the study of source characteristics. The spectral characteristics of the directly or the nearest detected seismic signal is analyzed and considered as the principle source signature. Using this signature seismic pulses are derived with accurate time position in the seismic traces. The technique is applied on both synthetic and field refraction seismic traces. In both cases it has estimated that the accurate time shifts along with amplitude coefficients.

Rahman, Syed Mustafizur; Nawawi, M. N. Mohd.; Saad, Rosli [School of Physics, Univeristi Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Built-in-test by signature inspection (bitsi)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for fault detection for electronic circuits. A stimulus generator sends a signal to the input of the circuit under test. Signature inspection logic compares the resultant signal from test nodes on the circuit to an expected signal. If the signals do not match, the signature inspection logic sends a signal to the control logic for indication of fault detection in the circuit. A data input multiplexer between the test nodes of the circuit under test and the signature inspection logic can provide for identification of the specific node at fault by the signature inspection logic. Control logic responsive to the signature inspection logic conveys information about fault detection for use in determining the condition of the circuit. When used in conjunction with a system test controller, the built-in test by signature inspection system and method can be used to poll a plurality of circuits automatically and continuous for faults and record the results of such polling in the system test controller.

Bergeson, Gary C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Morneau, Richard A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Built-in-test by signature inspection (BITSI)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for fault detection for electronic circuits. A stimulus generator sends a signal to the input of the circuit under test. Signature inspection logic compares the resultant signal from test nodes on the circuit to an expected signal. If the signals do not match, the signature inspection logic sends a signal to the control logic for indication of fault detection in the circuit. A data input multiplexer between the test nodes of the circuit under test and the signature inspection logic can provide for identification of the specific node at fault by the signature inspection logic. Control logic responsive to the signature inspection logic conveys information about fault detection for use in determining the condition of the circuit. When used in conjunction with a system test controller, the built-in test by signature inspection system and method can be used to poll a plurality of circuits automatically and continuous for faults and record the results of such polling in the system test controller. 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Bergeson, G.C.; Morneau, R.A.

1989-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

Short (resp. Fast) CCA2-Fully-Anonymous Group Signatures using IND-CPA-Encrypted Escrows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plus Dodis and Yampolskiy [35]'s VRF (Verifiable Random Function). The VRF provides a sound signature

89

Writer-independent off-line signature verification using surroundedness feature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a novel set of features based on surroundedness property of a signature (image in binary form) for off-line signature verification. The proposed feature set describes the shape of a signature in terms of spatial distribution of black ... Keywords: Feature selection, Shape, Signature verification, Surroundedness, Texture

Rajesh Kumar; J. D. Sharma; Bhabatosh Chanda

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

SIGNATURE OF THIS CO U A RECORD OF THIS DEC SION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THIS THIS CO U A RECORD OF THIS DEC SION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: .PA Compliance Officer Page 1 of 1 PINC-5.F2. t1.01A11) U.S. DEPARMENT OF ENERGY FERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERI\ ITNATION RECIPIENT:The University of Texas at Austin STATE: TX PROJECT Techno-economic Modeling of the Integration of 20% Wind and Large-scale energy storage in ERCOT TITLE : by 2030 Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE -EE0001 385 GF0-1 0-026 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

91

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORAND TES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEMORAND MEMORAND TES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: EPA Compliance Officer Date: (93 Page 1 of 2 INIC*EF2a U.S. DEPARTI\ LENT OF ENERGY F.ERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NFPA DETERI\ 11-NATION RECIPIENT:Tennessee Tech University STATE: TN PROJECT TITLE : Recovery Act: Multi-level Energy Storage and Controls for Large-scale Wind Energy Integration Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001 383 GF0-10-010 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

92

Medical Image Integrity Control Combining Digital Signature and Lossless Watermarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Image Integrity Control Combining Digital Signature and Lossless Watermarking W. Pan1,3 , G protection of medical content becomes a major issue of computer security. Since medical contents are more proposed as a com- plementary mechanism for medical data protection. In this paper, we focus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Leakage resilient strong key-insulated signatures in public channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Key-insulation aims at minimizing (i.e., compartmentalizing) the damage of users from key exposures, and traditionally requires a private channel of communication between a user and a semi-trusted party called a helper to refresh the private keys. The ... Keywords: continual key leakage, key-insulation, public channel, signatures

Le Trieu Phong; Shin'ichiro Matsuo; Moti Yung

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Identification of signatures in biomedical spectra using domain knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective: Demonstrate that incorporating domain knowledge into feature selection methods helps identify interpretable features with predictive capability comparable to a state-of-the-art classifier. Methods: Two feature selection methods, one using ... Keywords: Classification of biomedical spectra, Consensus feature sets, Dimensionality reduction, Domain knowledge, Feature selection, Genetic algorithm, L1-norm SVM, Spectral signature

Erinija Pranckeviciene; Ray Somorjai; Richard Baumgartner; Moon-Gu Jeon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

More Signatures of the Intermediate Mass Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the potential signatures of the Higgs boson when it decays into a tau-lepton pair. We show that with the proper identification of the tau-jet, this decay mode can lead to the identification of the Higgs boson over most of the intermediate mass range (\\mW $<$ \\mH $<$ 2 \\mW).

Pankaj Agrawal

1998-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

96

A matricial public key cryptosystem with digital signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a new public key cryptosystem using block upper triangular matrices with elements in Zp, based on a generalization of the discrete logarithm problem over a finite group. The proposed cryptosystem is very efficient, requiring ... Keywords: DLP, Diffie-Hellman, ElGamal, cryptography, digital signature, finite fields, polynomial matrices, public-key, security

Rafael Alvarez; Francisco-Miguel Martinez; Jose-Francisco Vicent; Antonio Zamora

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Ergodic HMM-UBM system for on-line signature verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel approach for on-line signature verification based on building HMM user models by adapting an ergodic Universal Background Model (UBM). State initialization of this UBM is driven by a dynamic signature feature. This approach inherits ...

Enrique Argones Ra; David Prez-Piar Lpez; Jos Luis Alba Castro

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Science of Signatures Workshop on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) Applications July 24, 2012  

SciTech Connect

The science of signatures focus areas are: (1) Radiological and Nuclear; (2) Chemical and Materials (including explosives); (3) Biological - Signatures of Disease and Health; (4) Energy; (5) Climate; and (6) Space.

Hickmott, Donald D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Riciputi, Lee D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

99

Understanding the global architecture of gene regulation in human cells through analysis of chromatin signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

annotation of functional chromatin signatures in the humanA. Thomson, and Bing Ren. Chromatin States in Human ES CellsApproach to Finding Common Chromatin Signatures in the Human

Hon, Gary Chung

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Factors affecting the adoption of electronic signature: Executives' perspective of hospital information department  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The healthcare industry is experiencing a major transformation towards e-healthcare, which delivers and enhances related information through the Internet among healthcare stakeholders and makes the electronic signature (e-signature) more and more important. ... Keywords: Electronic Medical Records, Electronic signature, Healthcare Certification Authority, Technology-Organization-Environment framework

I-Chiu Chang; Hsin-Ginn Hwang; Ming-Chien Hung; Ming-Hui Lin; David C. Yen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A New type of ``Magic Ink'' Signatures - Towards Transcript-Irrelevant Anonymity Revocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magic ink signature recently proposed in [11] is a blind signature which allows "unblinding" of a signature by authorities to establish what is known as audit trail and anonymity revocation in case of criminal activities. In [11] as well as in all ...

Feng Bao; Robert H. Deng

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Improving NFA-based signature matching using ordered binary decision diagrams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network intrusion detection systems (NIDS) make extensive use of regular expressions as attack signatures. Internally, NIDS represent and operate these signatures using finite automata. Existing representations of finite automata present a well-known ... Keywords: NIDS, ordered binary decision diagrams, signature matching

Liu Yang; Rezwana Karim; Vinod Ganapathy; Randy Smith

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Solar System Signatures of Impacts by Compact Ultra Dense Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a means of detecting compact ultra dense objects (CUDOs) with nuclear density or greater, and a mass $10^{-10}solar system bodies. We find that a heavy enough CUDO pulverizes, heats and entrains material in a small cylinder around its trajectory through the target body. Because the resulting impact features endure for geologic timescales, data is accumulated over the history of the solar system. Exclusion of all CUDO impact signatures would set a strong limit on their local abundance.

Labun, Lance; Rafelski, Johann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Enhanced Interpretation of Electromagnetic Signature Analysis for Large Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed and applied frequency domain models to enhance interpretation of electromagnetic signature analysis (EMSA) for large electrical generators. The project's rationale was to provide a prediction of the native frequency response of the winding calculated from machine dimensions and design data so that the positions of the resonances would be known a priore. This procedure allowed augmentation of an EMSA spectrum at the characteristic resonant frequencies of the machine in the interpret...

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

105

Signatures of Heating and Cooling Energy Consumption for Typical AHUs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis is performed to investigate the signatures of different parameters on the heating and cooling energy consumption of typical air handling units (AHUs). The results are presented in graphic format. HVAC simulation engineers can use these graphs to make quick and rational decisions during the model calibration, identify faulty parameters, and develop optimized operation and control schedules. An application example is given as well in the paper.

Wei, G.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Present searches for Higgs signatures at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

We present results for various searches for signatures of standard and non-standard model Higgs boson decays conducted at the collider detectors CDF and D0 using {approx}100 pb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity each from the Tevatron collider Run 1 (1992-96) at {radical}s=1.8 TeV. No evidence for a Higgs boson decay is found and various limits are set.

Groer, L.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Thermal signature reduction through liquid nitrogen and water injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The protection of aircraft against shoulder fired heat seeking missiles is of growing concern in the aviation community. This thesis presents a simple method for shielding the infrared signature of a jet engine from heat seeking missiles. The research efforts investigated two approaches to shield the thermal signature of the Noel Penny Type 401 turbojet at the Texas A&M University Propulsion Lab Test Cell. First, liquid nitrogen was injected through a manifold at a flow rate equivalent to the flow rate of exhaust gases, producing a small temperature reduction in the exhaust but no infrared shielding. Second, water was injected at a flow rate of 13% of the flow of exhaust gases, producing a greater temperature reduction and some shielding. Water was then injected through a manifold at a ?ow rate of 118% of the flow rate of exhaust gases, producing a substantial reduction in temperature and complete shielding of the infrared signature. Additionally, numerical simulations were performed using FLUENT to support these experiments. Results are presented in the form of thermocouple data and thermal images from the experiments, and in the form of temperature contours and streamtraces from the simulations.

Guarnieri, Jason Antonio

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Los Alamos Science Pillars The Science of Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a national security science laboratory, Los Alamos is often asked to detect and measure the characteristics of complex systems and to use the resulting information to quantify the system's behavior. The Science of Signatures (SoS) pillar is the broad suite of technical expertise and capability that we use to accomplish this task. With it, we discover new signatures, develop new methods for detecting or measuring signatures, and deploy new detection technologies. The breadth of work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in SoS is impressive and spans from the initial understanding of nuclear weapon performance during the Manhattan Project, to unraveling the human genome, to deploying laser spectroscopy instrumentation on Mars. Clearly, SoS is a primary science area for the Laboratory and we foresee that as it matures, new regimes of signatures will be discovered and new ways of extracting information from existing data streams will be developed. These advances will in turn drive the development of sensing instrumentation and sensor deployment. The Science of Signatures is one of three science pillars championed by the Laboratory and vital to supporting our status as a leading national security science laboratory. As with the other two pillars, Materials for the Future and Information Science and Technology for Predictive Science (IS&T), SoS relies on the integration of technical disciplines and the multidisciplinary science and engineering that is our hallmark to tackle the most difficult national security challenges. Over nine months in 2011 and 2012, a team of science leaders from across the Laboratory has worked to develop a SoS strategy that positions us for the future. The crafting of this strategy has been championed by the Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences Directorate, but as you will see from this document, SoS is truly an Institution-wide effort and it has engagement from every organization at the Laboratory. This process tapped the insight and imagination of many LANL staff and managers and resulted in a strategy which focuses on our strengths while recognizing that the science of signatures is dynamic. This report highlights the interdependence between SoS, advances in materials science, and advances in information technology. The intent is that SoS shape and inform Los Alamos investments in nuclear forensics, nuclear diagnostics, climate, space, energy, and biosurveillence; the areas of leadership that you will read about in this strategy document. The Science of Signatures is still a relatively new strategic direction for the Laboratory. The primary purpose of this document is tell Laboratory staff how SoS is being managed and give them a chance to get involved. A second important purpose is to inform the Department of Energy and our customers of our capability growth in this important scientific area. Questions concerning the SoS strategy and input to it are welcomed and may be directed to any member of the SoS Leadership Council or to the Chemistry, Life, and Earth Science Directorate Office.

Smith, Joshua E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Eugene J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

Logan County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6.8621827° 6.8621827° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.869834,"lon":-86.8621827,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

110

Logan County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -100.5296115° °, -100.5296115° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.5155698,"lon":-100.5296115,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

111

Commuter airlines at Boston Logan International Airport: 1973-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: The adequacy of air transportation in New England has been the subject of intermittent debate-over the last twenty years-, culminating in the Civil Aeronautics Board's 1970-1974 "New England Service Investigation" ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Logan County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

061338°, -89.3226954° 061338°, -89.3226954° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.061338,"lon":-89.3226954,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

Logan County, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1°, -102.989615° 1°, -102.989615° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7056181,"lon":-102.989615,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

114

Logan County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8473015° 8473015° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.3899679,"lon":-83.8473015,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

115

Logan County, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -101.1617356° °, -101.1617356° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9504774,"lon":-101.1617356,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Logan County, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9°, -99.5270202° 9°, -99.5270202° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.5056729,"lon":-99.5270202,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

117

Logan County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1.9534815° 1.9534815° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7883016,"lon":-81.9534815,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

Logan County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -97.5247243° °, -97.5247243° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.9404623,"lon":-97.5247243,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

119

Bruce E. Logan Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

line, subscript is cg not cw so change Dcw to Dcg Three lines above Eq. 3.1, change the + to a times in two places replace DAw with Dcw. Example 3.2, line 8 change "H (6?3.7)" to "H (12?3.7)" p. 70 First". p. 168 Eq. 6-9, change A in subscript to C, or "DAw" to "Dcw". p. 170 In line 4 and line 7, change

120

Logan County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1°, -93.6623239° 1°, -93.6623239° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.2475011,"lon":-93.6623239,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Experimental study of ELF signatures developed by ballistic missile launch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA) and SARA, Inc. participated in the ATMD missile launch activities that occurred at WSMR during January 1993. These tests involved the launch of Lance missiles with a subsequent direction of F-15Es into the launch area for subsequent detection and simulated destruction of redeployed missile launchers, LLNL and SARA deployed SARN`s ELF sensors and various data acquisition systems for monitoring of basic phenomena. On 25 January 1993, a single missile launch allowed initial measurements of the phenomena and an assessment of appropriate sensor sensitivity settings as well as the appropriateness of the sensor deployment sites (e.g., with respect to man-made ELF sources such as power distributions and communication lines). On 27 January 1993, a measurement of a double launch of Lance missiles was performed. This technical report covers the results of the analysis of latter measurements. An attempt was made to measure low frequency electromagnetic signatures that may be produced during a missile launch. Hypothetical signature production mechanisms include: (1) Perturbations of the earth geo-potential during the launch of the missile. This signature may arise from the interaction of the ambient electric field with the conducting body of the missile as well as the partially ionized exhaust plume. (2) Production of spatial, charge sources from triboelectric-like mechanisms. Such effects may occur during the initial interaction of the missile plume with the ground material and lead to an initial {open_quotes}spike{close_quotes} output, Additionally, there may exist charge transfer mechanisms produced during the exhausting of the burnt fuel oxidizer.

Peglow, S.G.; Rynne, T.M.

1993-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

122

Signatures of fractal clustering of aerosols advected under gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aerosols under chaotic advection often approach a strange attractor. They move chaotically on this fractal set but, in the presence of gravity, they have a net vertical motion downwards. In practical situations, observational data may be available only at a given level, for example at the ground level. We uncover two fractal signatures of chaotic advection of aerosols under the action of gravity. Each one enables the computation of the fractal dimension $D_{0}$ of the strange attractor governing the advection dynamics from data obtained solely at a given level. We illustrate our theoretical findings with a numerical experiment and discuss their possible relevance to meteorology.

Rafael Dias Vilela; Tams Tl; Alessandro P. S. de Moura; Celso Grebogi

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker 10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker 10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker June 2, 2011 - 6:28pm Addthis Nathan Baker | Photo Courtesy of PNNL Nathan Baker | Photo Courtesy of PNNL Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs "A signature is something that pops up in a lot of fields, but very few fields specifically define it in an abstract way." Nathan Baker, Signature Scientist Meet Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Chief Scientist for Signature Science, Nathan Baker. At PNNL, he's working to advance the innovative application of data analytics and algorithms to real-world challenges, ranging from smart grids and bioforensics to nuclear non-proliferation and medical treatments. Check out our latest 10 Questions

124

10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker 10 Questions for a Signature Scientist: Nathan Baker June 2, 2011 - 6:28pm Addthis Nathan Baker | Photo Courtesy of PNNL Nathan Baker | Photo Courtesy of PNNL Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs "A signature is something that pops up in a lot of fields, but very few fields specifically define it in an abstract way." Nathan Baker, Signature Scientist Meet Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Chief Scientist for Signature Science, Nathan Baker. At PNNL, he's working to advance the innovative application of data analytics and algorithms to real-world challenges, ranging from smart grids and bioforensics to nuclear non-proliferation and medical treatments. Check out our latest 10 Questions

125

Chemical signatures of planets: beyond solar-twins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elemental abundance studies of solar twin stars suggest that the solar chemical composition contains signatures of the formation of terrestrial planets in the solar system, namely small but significant depletions of the refractory elements. To test this hypothesis, we study stars which, compared to solar twins, have less massive convective envelopes (therefore increasing the amplitude of the predicted effect) or are, arguably, more likely to host planets (thus increasing the frequency of signature detections). We measure relative atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances of a late-F type dwarf sample (52 stars) and a sample of metal-rich solar analogs (59 stars). We detect refractory-element depletions with amplitudes up to about 0.15 dex. The distribution of depletion amplitudes for stars known to host gas giant planets is not different from that of the rest of stars. The maximum amplitude of depletion increases with effective temperature from 5650 K to 5950 K, while it appears to be constant for warme...

Ramirez, I; Asplund, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Researchers Directly Observe Oxygen Signature in the Oxygen-evolving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Researchers Directly Observe Oxygen Signature in the Researchers Directly Observe Oxygen Signature in the Oxygen-evolving Complex of Photosynthesis Arguably the most important chemical reaction on earth is the photosynthetic splitting of water to molecular oxygen by the Mn-containing oxygen-evolving complex (Mn-OEC) in the protein known as photosystem II (PSII). It is this reaction which has, over the course of some 3.8 billion years, gradually filled our atmosphere with O2 and consequently enabled and sustained the evolution of complex aerobic life. Coupled to the reduction of carbon dioxide, biological photosynthesis contributes foodstuffs for nutrition while recycling CO2 from the atmosphere and replacing it with O2. By utilizing sunlight to power these energy-requiring reactions, photosynthesis also serves as a model for addressing societal energy needs as we enter an era of diminishing fossil fuel resources and climate change. Understanding, at the molecular level, the dynamics and mechanisms behind photosynthesis is of fundamental importance and will prove critical to the future design of devices aimed at converting sunlight into electrochemical energy and transportable fuel.

127

Positronium signature in organic liquid scintillators for neutrino experiments  

SciTech Connect

Electron antineutrinos are commonly detected in liquid scintillator experiments via inverse {beta} decay by looking at the coincidence between the reaction products: neutrons and positrons. Prior to positron annihilation, an electron-positron pair may form an orthopositronium (o-Ps) state, with a mean lifetime of a few nanoseconds. Even if the o-Ps decay is speeded up by spin-flip or pick-off effects, it may introduce distortions in the photon emission time distribution, crucial for position reconstruction and pulse shape discrimination algorithms in antineutrino experiments. Reversing the problem, the o-Ps-induced time distortion represents a new signature for tagging antineutrinos in liquid scintillator. In this article, we report the results of measurements of the o-Ps formation probability and lifetime for the most used solvents for organic liquid scintillators in neutrino physics (pseudocumene, linear alkyl benzene, phenylxylylethane, and dodecane). We characterize also a mixture of pseudocumene +1.5 g/l of 2,5-diphenyloxazole, a fluor acting as wavelength shifter. In the second part of the article, we demonstrate that the o-Ps-induced distortion of the scintillation photon emission time distributions represent an optimal signature for tagging positrons on an event by event basis, potentially enhancing the antineutrino detection.

Franco, D. [Astroparticule et Cosmologie APC, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Cedex 13, Paris (France); Consolati, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazzale Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Trezzi, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita and INFN Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Domain-Specific Languages for Composing Signature Discovery Workflows  

SciTech Connect

Domain-agnostic signature discovery entails investigation across multiple scientific disciplines. The breadth and cross-disciplinary nature of this work requires that existing executables be integrated with new capabilities into workflows, representing a wide range of user tasks. An algorithm may be written in multiple programming languages for various hardware platforms, and so workflow composition requires integrating executables from any number of remote hosts. This raises an engineering issue on how to generate web service wrappers for these heterogeneous executables and to compose them into a scientific workflow environment (e.g., Taverna). In this paper, we introduce two simple Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) to automate these processes. Our Service Description Language (SDL) describes key elements of a signature discovery service and automatically generates its implementation code. The Workflow Description Language (WDL) describes the pipeline of services and generates deployable artifacts for the Taverna workflow management system. We demonstrate our approach with a real-world workflow composed of services wrapping remote executables.

Jacob, Ferosh; Gray, Jeff; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan (Jenny) [Jenny; Baker, Nathan A.

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: Date: A.) 1 /7/ 9 Page 1 of 2 PMC*EF2a U.S. DEPART1, LENT OF FNFRGY EERF PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA DE TEM\ IINATION RECIPIENT:QM Power, Inc. STATE: MO PROJECT TITLE : Advanced High Power Density Permanent Magnet Wind Generators Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001 373 GFO-10-007 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

130

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-*_ -*_ NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: Date: Page 1 of 2 11.1C.Ena U.S, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY it): EERE: PROJECT MAN AG EMEN . 1 CENTER NEPA DE TERI\ ILNATION RECIPIENT:Honeywell International Inc., Honeywell Laboratories - ACS STATE: MN PROJECT TITLE : Condition Based Monitoring for Wind Farms Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001368.000 GFO-10-006 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

131

Experiments Provide First Direct Signatures of a Topological Insulator - a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments Provide First Direct Experiments Provide First Direct Signatures of a Topological Insulator - a New Phase of Quantum Matter It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gap and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new phase of quantum matter called a topological insulator [1,2]. This exotic phase of matter is a subject of intense research because it is predicted to give rise to dissipationless spin currents [3], quantum entanglements and novel macroscopic behavior that obeys axionic electrodynamics rather than Maxwell's equations [4]. Unlike ordinary quantum phases of matter such as superconductors, magnets or superfluids, topological insulators are not described by a local order parameter associated with a spontaneously broken symmetry but rather by a quantum entanglement of its wave function, dubbed topological order. In a topological insulator this quantum entanglement survives over the macroscopic dimensions of the crystal and leads to surface states that have unusual spin textures.

132

High-vibration detection using motor current signature analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motor current signature analysis (CSA) has been used for several years as a diagnostic tool for electrical problems in ac, induction motors. Personnel at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found that CSA can also provide information about system vibrations and imbalances similar to the information provided by an accelerometer. As a result, CSA techniques for monitoring the status of the equipment, such as pumps and compressors, driven by induction motors have been developed and used in dedicated monitoring systems. In this work, researchers have found that CSA responds proportionately to imbalances in rotating equipment and can be used to detect the In high-vibration conditions that can result. This report describes how vibration monitoring with CSA can be implemented and presents test data to support that use.

Castleberry, K.N.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The signatures of new physics, astrophysics and cosmology?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first three years of the LHC experiments at CERN have ended with "the nightmare scenario": all tests, confirm the Standard Model of Particles so well that theorists must search for new physics without any experimental guidance. The supersymmetric theories, a privileged candidate for new physics are nearly excluded. As a potential escape from the crisis, we propose thinking about a series of astonishing relations suggesting fundamental interconnections between the quantum world and the large scale Universe. It seems reasonable that, for instance, the equation relating a quark-antiquark pair with the fundamental physical constants and cosmological parameters must be a sign of new physics. One of the intriguing possibilities is interpreting our relations as a signature of the quantum vacuum containing the virtual gravitational dipoles.

Hajdukovic, Dragan Slavkov

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Spectral signatures of photosynthesis I: Review of Earth organisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why do plants reflect in the green and have a 'red edge' in the red, and should extrasolar photosynthesis be the same? We provide: 1) a brief review of how photosynthesis works; 2) an overview of the diversity of photosynthetic organisms, their light harvesting systems, and environmental ranges; 3) a synthesis of photosynthetic surface spectral signatures; 4) evolutionary rationales for photosynthetic surface reflectance spectra with regard to utilization of photon energy and the planetary light environment. Given the surface incident photon flux density spectrum and resonance transfer in light harvesting, we propose some rules with regard to where photosynthetic pigments will peak in absorbance: a) the wavelength of peak incident photon flux; b) the longest available wavelength for core antenna or reaction center pigments; and c) the shortest wavelengths within an atmospheric window for accessory pigments. That plants absorb less green light may not be an inefficient legacy of evolutionary history, but may actually satisfy the above criteria.

Nancy Y. Kiang; Janet Siefert; Govindjee; Robert E. Blankenship

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

135

Cryptic photosynthesis, Extrasolar planetary oxygen without a surface biological signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Earth, photosynthetic organisms are responsible for the production of nearly all of the oxygen in the atmosphere. On the land, vegetation reflects in the visible, leading to a red edge which has been proposed as a biosignature for life on extrasolar planets. However, in many regions of the Earth, and particularly where surface conditions are extreme, for example in hot and cold deserts, photosynthetic organisms can be driven into and under substrates where light is still sufficient for photosynthesis. These communities exhibit no detectable surface spectral signature. The same is true of the assemblages of photosynthetic organisms at more than a few meters depth in water bodies. These communities are widespread and dominate local photosynthetic productivity. We review known cryptic photosynthetic communities and their productivity. We use a radiative transfer model to link geomicrobiology with observational astronomy and calculate the disk-averaged spectra and identify detectable features that would re...

Cockell, C S; Raven, J A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Spectral signatures of photosynthesis I: Review of Earth organisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why do plants reflect in the green and have a 'red edge' in the red, and should extrasolar photosynthesis be the same? We provide: 1) a brief review of how photosynthesis works; 2) an overview of the diversity of photosynthetic organisms, their light harvesting systems, and environmental ranges; 3) a synthesis of photosynthetic surface spectral signatures; 4) evolutionary rationales for photosynthetic surface reflectance spectra with regard to utilization of photon energy and the planetary light environment. Given the surface incident photon flux density spectrum and resonance transfer in light harvesting, we propose some rules with regard to where photosynthetic pigments will peak in absorbance: a) the wavelength of peak incident photon flux; b) the longest available wavelength for core antenna or reaction center pigments; and c) the shortest wavelengths within an atmospheric window for accessory pigments. That plants absorb less green light may not be an inefficient legacy of evolutionary history, but may a...

Kiang, N Y; Blankenship, R E; Kiang, Nancy Y.; Siefert, Janet; Blankenship, Robert E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

SIGNATURE O F AGENCY REPRESENTATIVE NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MINOR SUBDIVISION MINOR SUBDIVISION Jeff Martus 01-903-3481 SIGNATURE O F AGENCY REPRESENTATIVE NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY See attached. National Energy Strategy The Department of Energy (DOE) was directed by President Bush on July 26, 1989 to begin the development of a comprehensive National Energy Strategy (NES). Published in February 1991, the NES provides the foundation for a more efficient, less vulnerable, and environmentally sustainable energy future. The NES defines international, commercial, regulatory, and technological policy tools that diversify U.S. resources of energy supplies and offers more flexibility and efficiency in the way energy is transformed and used. This proposed schedule provides for the disposition of records that have been created or received by DOE in connection with the

138

The 21cm Signature of the First Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We predict the 21-cm signature of the first metal-free stars. The soft X-rays emitted by these stars penetrate the atomic medium around their host halos, generating Lyman alpha photons that couple the spin and kinetic temperatures. These creates a region we call the Lyman alpha sphere, visible in 21-cm against the CMB, which is much larger than the HII region produced by the same star. The spin and kinetic temperatures are strongly coupled before the X-rays can substantially heat the medium, implying that a strong 21-cm absorption signal from the adiabatically cooled gas in Hubble expansion around the star is expected when the medium has not been heated previously. A central region of emission from the gas heated by the soft X-rays is also present although with a weaker signal than the absorption. The Lyman alpha sphere is a universal signature that should be observed around any first star illuminating its vicinity for the first time. The 21-cm radial profile of the Lyman alpha sphere can be calculated as a function of the luminosity, spectrum and age of the star. For a star of a few hundred solar masses and zero metallicity (as expected for the first stars), the physical radius of the Lyman alpha sphere can reach tens of kiloparsecs. The first metal-free stars should be strongly clustered because of high cosmic biasing; this implies that the regions producing a 21-cm absorption signal may contain more than one star and will generally be irregular and not spherical, because of the complex distribution of the gas. We discuss the feasiblity of detecting these Lyman alpha spheres, which would be present at redshifts $z\\sim 30$ in the Cold Dark Matter model. Their observation would represent a direct proof of the detection of a first star.

Xuelei Chen; Jordi Miralda-Escude

2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

139

Secure Broadcast with One-Time Signatures in Controller Area Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadcast authentication in Controller Area Networks CAN is subject to real time constraints that are hard to satisfy by expensive public key primitives. For this purpose the authors study here the use of one-time signatures which can be built on the ... Keywords: Authentication, Broadcast, Controller Area Networks CAN, One-Time Signatures, S12

Bogdan Groza, Pal-Stefan Murvay

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Using position extrema points to capture shape in on-line handwritten signature verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is considerable interest in authentication based on handwritten signature verification (HSV) because of the long-standing tradition of its use in many common authentication tasks. HSV may be considered superior to many other biometric authentication ... Keywords: Authentication, Biometrics, Handwritten signature verification

G. K. Gupta; R. C. Joyce

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Identity-Based Signature from Gap Diffie-Hellman Groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose an identity(ID)-based signature scheme using gap Diffie-Hellman (GDH) groups. Our scheme is proved secure against existential forgery on adaptively chosen message and ID attack under the random oracle model. Using GDH groups ... Keywords: GDH group, ID-based signature, Weil pairing, elliptic curve

Jae Choon Cha; Jung Hee Cheon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Relation between verifiable random functions and convertible undeniable signatures, and new constructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Verifiable random functions (VRF) and selectively convertible undeniable signature (SCUS) schemes were proposed independently in the literature. In this paper, we observe that they are tightly related. This directly yields several deterministic SCUS ... Keywords: selectively convertible undeniable signatures, standard model, verifiable random function

Kaoru Kurosawa; Ryo Nojima; Le Trieu Phong

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Analysis of Acoustic Signatures from Moving Vehicles UsingTime-Varying Autoregressive Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-varying autoregressive (TVAR) modeling approach for the analysis of acoustic signatures from moving vehicles is presented in this paper. Acoustic signatures from moving vehicles are nonstationary, and features extracted under the stationary ... Keywords: acoustic, classification, time-varying autoregressive model, time-varying, vehicle identification

Kie B. Eom

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The use of measured sky radiance data to improve infrared signature modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the complications of modelling the infrared signature of objects, for example ships and land-vehicles. Specifically we focus on the difficulties of accounting correctly for the effect of the environment on the signature. We attribute ...

Marcus Wilson; Ross Elliott; Keith Youern

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A New Signature-Based Indexing Scheme for Trajectories of Moving Objects on Spatial Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because moving objects usually move on spatial networks, their trajectories play an important role in indexing them for spatial network databases. In this paper, we propose a new signature-based indexing scheme for moving objects' trajectories on spatial ... Keywords: signature-based index scheme, spatial network, trajectory

Jaewoo Chang; Jungho Um; Youngjin Kim

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Low-level ZDR Signatures in Supercell Forward Flanks: the Role of Size Sorting and Melting of Hail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low levels of supercell forward flanks commonly exhibit distinct differential reflectivity (ZDR) signatures, including the low-ZDR hail signature, and the high-ZDR arc. The ZDR arc has been previously associated with size sorting of ...

Daniel T. Dawson II; Edward R. Mansell; Youngsun Jung; Louis J. Wicker; Matthew R. Kumjian; Ming Xue

147

Solving Inverse Detection Problems Using Passive Radiation Signatures  

SciTech Connect

The ability to reconstruct an unknown radioactive object based on its passive gamma-ray and neutron signatures is very important in homeland security applications. Often in the analysis of unknown radioactive objects, for simplicity or speed or because there is no other information, they are modeled as spherically symmetric regardless of their actual geometry. In these presentation we discuss the accuracy and implications of this approximation for decay gamma rays and for neutron-induced gamma rays. We discuss an extension of spherical raytracing (for uncollided fluxes) that allows it to be used when the exterior shielding is flat or cylindrical. We revisit some early results in boundary perturbation theory, showing that the Roussopolos estimate is the correct one to use when the quantity of interest is the flux or leakage on the boundary. We apply boundary perturbation theory to problems in which spherically symmetric systems are perturbed in asymmetric nonspherical ways. We apply mesh adaptive direct search (MADS) algorithms to object reconstructions. We present a benchmark test set that may be used to quantitatively evaluate inverse detection methods.

Favorite, Jeffrey A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armstrong, Jerawan C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vaquer, Pablo A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Signature of cosmic string wakes in the CMB polarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We calculate a signature of cosmic strings in the polarization of the cosmic microwave background. We find that ionization in the wakes behind moving strings gives rise to extra polarization in a set of rectangular patches in the sky whose length distribution is scale-invariant. The length of an individual patch is set by the comoving Hubble radius at the time the string is perturbing the cosmic microwave background. The polarization signal is largest for string wakes produced at the earliest post-recombination time, and for an alignment in which the photons cross the wake close to the time the wake is created. The maximal amplitude of the polarization relative to the temperature quadrupole is set by the overdensity of free electrons inside a wake which depends on the ionization fraction f inside the wake. For a cosmic string wake coming from an idealized string segment, the signal can be as high as 0.06 {mu}K in degree scale polarization for a string at high redshift (near recombination) and a string tension {mu} given by G{mu}=10{sup -7}.

Danos, Rebecca J.; Brandenberger, Robert H.; Holder, Gil [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3A 2T8 (Canada)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Geological isotope anomalies as signatures of nearby supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby supernova explosions may cause geological isotope anomalies via the direct deposition of debris or by cosmic-ray spallation in the earth's atmosphere. We estimate the mass of material deposited terrestrially by these two mechanisms, showing the dependence on the supernova distance. A number of radioactive isotopes are identified as possible diagnostic tools, such as Be-10, Al-26, Cl-36, Mn-53, Fe-60, and Ni-59, as well as the longer-lived I-129, Sm-146, and Pu-244. We discuss whether the 35 and 60 kyr-old Be-10 anomalies observed in the Vostok antarctic ice cores could be due to supernova explosions. Combining our estimates for matter deposition with results of recent nucleosynthesis yields, we calculate the expected signal from nearby supernovae using ice cores back to \\sim 300 kyr ago, and we discuss using deep ocean sediments back to several hundred Myr. In particular, we examine the prospects for identifying isotope anomalies due to the Geminga supernova explosion, and signatures of the possibility...

Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Schramm, David N; Ellis, John; Fields, Brian D; Schramm, David N

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The formation of C-shocks: structure and signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shock waves in molecular clouds should evolve into continuous or C-type structures due to the magnetic field and ion-neutral friction. We here determine whether and how this is achieved through plane-parallel numerical simulations using an extended version of ZEUS. We first describe and test the adapted code against analytical results, laying the necessary foundations for subsequent works on supersonic ambipolar diffusion, including C-type jets and shock instability. The evolution away from jump shocks toward the numerous steady C-shock sub-types is then investigated. The evolution passes through four stages, which possess distinctive observational properties. The time scales and length scales cover broad ranges. Specific results are included for shock types including switch, absorber, neutralised, oblique, transverse and intermediate. Only intermediate Type II shocks and `slow shocks', including switch-off shocks, remain as J-type under the low ion levels assumed. Other shocks transform via a steadily growing neutral precursor to a diminishing jump. For neutralised shocks, this takes the form of an extended long-lived ramp. Molecular hydrogen emission signatures are presented. After the jump speed has dropped to under 25 km/s, a non-dissociative jump section can dominate the spectra for a long period. This produces a high-excitation spectrum. Once the jump has further weakened, to line variations is ~(6 /n_i) yr, where n_i is the pre-shock ion number density.

Michael D. Smith; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low

1997-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

151

Quiet Sun X-rays as Signature for New Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied published data from the Yohkoh solar X-ray mission, with the purpose of searching for signals from radiative decays of new, as yet undiscovered massive neutral particles. This search is based on the prediction that solar axions of the Kaluza-Klein type should result in the emission of X-rays from the Sun direction beyond the limb with a characteristic radial distribution. These X-rays should be observed more easily during periods of quiet Sun. An additional signature is the observed emission of hard X-rays by SMM, NEAR and RHESSI. The recent observation made by RHESSI of a continuous emission from the non-flaring Sun of X-rays in the 3 to ~15 keV range fits the generic axion scenario. This work also suggests new analyses of existing data, in order to exclude instrumental effects; it provides the rationale for targeted observations with present and upcoming (solar) X-ray telescopes, which can provide the final answer on the nature of the signals considered here. Such measurements become more promising during the forthcoming solar cycle minimum with an increased number of quiet Sun periods.

K. Zioutas; K. Dennerl; L. DiLella; D. H. H. Hoffmann; J. Jacoby; Th. Papaevangelou

2004-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

152

Cryptic photosynthesis, Extrasolar planetary oxygen without a surface biological signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Earth, photosynthetic organisms are responsible for the production of virtually all of the oxygen in the atmosphere. On the land, vegetation reflects in the visible, leading to a red edge that developed about 450 Myr ago and has been proposed as a biosignature for life on extrasolar planets. However, in many regions of the Earth, and particularly where surface conditions are extreme, for example in hot and cold deserts, photosynthetic organisms can be driven into and under substrates where light is still sufficient for photosynthesis. These communities exhibit no detectable surface spectral signature to indicate life. The same is true of the assemblages of photosynthetic organisms at more than a few metres depth in water bodies. These communities are widespread and dominate local photosynthetic productivity. We review known cryptic photosynthetic communities and their productivity. We link geomicrobiology with observational astronomy by calculating the disk-averaged spectra of cryptic habitats and identifying detectable features on an exoplanet dominated by such a biota. The hypothetical cryptic photosynthesis worlds discussed here are Earth-analogs that show detectable atmospheric biomarkers like our own planet, but do not exhibit a discernable biological surface feature in the disc-averaged spectrum.

C. S. Cockell; L. Kaltenegger; J. A. Raven

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

153

Signatures of Cosmic Strings in the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a search for signatures of cosmic strings in the the Cosmic Microwave Background data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. We used a digital filter designed to search for individual cosmic strings and found no evidence for them in the WMAP CMB anisotropies to a level of $\\Delta T/T \\sim 0.29$ mK. This corresponds to an absence of cosmic strings with $ G\\mu \\ga 1.07 \\times 10^{-5}$ for strings moving with velocity $v = c/\\sqrt{2}$. Unlike previous work, this limit does not depend on an assumed string abundance. We have searched the WMAP data for evidence of a cosmic string recently reported as the CSL-1 object, and found an ``edge'' with 2$\\sigma$ significance. However, if this edge is real and produced by a cosmic string, it would have to move at velocity $\\ga$ 0.94c. We also present preliminary limits on the CMB data that will be returned by the PLANCK satellite for comparison. With the available information on the PLANCK satellite, we calculated that it would be twice as sensitive to cosmic strings as WMAP.

Amy S. Lo; Edward L. Wright

2005-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

Technique for Improving Detection of WSR-88D Mesocyclone Signatures by Increasing Angular Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Doppler velocity signature of a thunderstorm mesocyclone becomes increasingly degraded as distance from the radar increases. Degradation is due to the broadening of the radar beam with range relative to the size of the mesocyclone. Using a ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown; Dale Sirmans

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Development of Extraction Techniques for the Detection of Signature Lipids from Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hasbeenshownpreviouslyinoilsamples (Hallman,2008)ofsignaturelipidsfromoil SharonBorglin,OliviaMason,were combined with model oil samples and oil/diesel mixtures

Borglin, Sharon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A Composite View of Surface Signatures and Interior Properties of Nonlinear Internal Waves: Observations and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface signatures and interior properties of large-amplitude nonlinear internal waves (NLIWs) in the South China Sea (SCS) were measured during a period of weak northeast wind (2 m s?1) using shipboard marine radar, an acoustic Doppler current ...

Ming-Huei Chang; Ren-Chieh Lien; Yiing Jang Yang; Tswen Yung Tang; Joe Wang

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Tornado Detection Using a NeuroFuzzy System to Integrate Shear and Spectral Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tornado vortices observed from Doppler radars are often associated with strong azimuthal shear and Doppler spectra that are wide and flattened. The current operational tornado detection algorithm (TDA) primarily searches for shear signatures that ...

Yadong Wang; Tian-You Yu; Mark Yeary; Alan Shapiro; Shamim Nemati; Michael Foster; David L. Andra Jr.; Michael Jain

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Motor current signature analysis method for diagnosing motor-operated devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current noise signature analysis method for remotely monitoring the operating characteristics of an electric motor-operated device such as a motor-operated valve. Frequency domain signal analysis techniques are applied to a conditioned motor current signal to distinctly identify various operating parameters of the motor driven device from the motor current signature. The signature may be recorded and compared with subsequent signatures to detect operating abnormalities and degradation of the device. This diagnostic method does not require special equipment to be installed on the motor-operated device, and the current sensing may be performed at remote control locations, e.g., where the motor-operated devices are used in inaccessible or hostile environments. 6 figs.

Haynes, H.D.; Eissenberg, D.M.

1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

159

Observations of Polarimetric Signatures in Supercells by an X-Band Mobile Doppler Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polarimetric weather radars significantly enhance the capability to infer the properties of scatterers within a resolution volume. Previous studies have identified several consistently seen polarimetric signatures in supercells observed in the ...

Jeffrey C. Snyder; Howard B. Bluestein; Vijay Venkatesh; Stephen J. Frasier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Oscillations in Mesocyclone Signatures with Range Owing to Azimuthal Radar Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When a thunderstorm mesocyclone changes range relative to a Doppler radar, the deduced core diameter and mean rotational velocity of the Doppler velocity mesocyclone signature oscillate back and forth, even though the radar beams physical width ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Effects of Radar Sampling on Single-Doppler Velocity Signatures of Mesocyclones and Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulated WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler) radar data were used to investigate the effects of discrete azimuthal sampling on Doppler velocity signatures of modeled mesocyclones and tornadoes at various ranges from the radar and ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Signature Peptide-Enabled Metagenomics (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ben McMahon of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) presents "Signature Peptide-Enabled Metagenomics" at the 7th Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting held in June, 2012 in Santa Fe, NM.

McMahon, Ben [LANL

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Interim Report on Multiple Sequence Alignments and TaqMan Signature Mapping to Phylogenetic Trees  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop forensic genotyping assays for select agent viruses, addressing a significant capability gap for the viral bioforensics and law enforcement community. We used a multipronged approach combining bioinformatics analysis, PCR-enriched samples, microarrays and TaqMan assays to develop high resolution and cost effective genotyping methods for strain level forensic discrimination of viruses. We have leveraged substantial experience and efficiency gained through year 1 on software development, SNP discovery, TaqMan signature design and phylogenetic signature mapping to scale up the development of forensics signatures in year 2. In this report, we have summarized the Taqman signature development for South American hemorrhagic fever viruses, tick-borne encephalitis viruses and henipaviruses, Old World Arenaviruses, filoviruses, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus and Japanese encephalitis virus.

Gardner, S; Jaing, C

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

Aerosol elastic scatter signatures in the near- and mid-wave IR spectral regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An essential milestone in the development of lidar for biological aerosol detection is accurate characterization of agent, simulant, and interferent scattering signatures. MIT Lincoln Laboratory has developed the Standoff ...

Lacirignola, Joseph J.

165

Signatures of Pulsar Polar-Cap Emission at the High-Energy Spectral Cut-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address four unique signatures in pulsar gamma-ray radiation as predicted by polar-cap models. These signatures are expected to be present nearby the spectral high-energy cutoff at around several GeV. Their magnitude and, therefore, their observability depends strongly on the orientational factors, the rotation, as well as on the details of the polar cap structure. These strong predictions are likely to be verified by the NASA's future gamma-ray mission GLAST.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2003-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

Petrographic correlations and mathematical analysis of log signatures for clay identification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of correlation of log signature with information on distribution of the types and volumes of clays in the sandstone pore spaces determined from detailed CT-scan, XRD, SEM and thin section analyses of core samples from three sandstone reservoirs. The log signatures are then analyzed to determine if suitable mathematical/statistical parameter(s) could be calculated from the logs for identification of types and volumes of clays in sandstone reservoirs.

Sharma, B.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Analysis of lexical signatures for improving information persistence on the World Wide Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A lexical signature (LS) consisting of several key words from a Web document is often sufficient information for finding the document later, even if its URL has changed. We conduct a large-scale empirical study of nine methods for generating ... Keywords: Broken URLs, TREC, World Wide Web, dead links, digital libraries, indexing, information retrieval, inverse document frequency, lexical signatures, robust hyperlinks, search engines, term frequency

Seung-Taek Park; David M. Pennock; C. Lee Giles; Robert Krovetz

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Trans-Planckian physics and signature change events in Bose gas hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an example of emergent spacetime as the hydrodynamic limit of a more fundamental microscopic theory. The low-energy, long-wavelength limit in our model is dominated by collective variables that generate an effective Lorentzian metric. This system naturally exhibits a microscopic mechanism allowing us to perform controlled signature change between Lorentzian and Riemannian geometries. We calculate the number of particles produced from a finite-duration Euclidean-signature event, where we take the position that to a good approximation the dynamics is dominated by the evolution of the linearized perturbations, as suggested by Calzetta and Hu [Phys. Rev. A 68 (2003) 043625]. We adapt the ideas presented by Dray et al. [Gen. Rel. Grav. 23 (1991) 967], such that the field and its canonical momentum are continuous at the signature-change event. We investigate the interplay between the underlying microscopic structure and the emergent gravitational field, focussing on its impact on particle production in the ultraviolet regime. In general, this can be thought of as the combination of trans-Planckian physics and signature-change physics. Further we investigate the possibility of using the proposed signature change event as an amplifier for analogue "cosmological particle production" in condensed matter experiments.

Silke Weinfurtner; Angela White; Matt Visser

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

169

Multilepton Signatures of the Higgs Boson through its Production in Association with a Top-quark Pair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possible production of the Higgs Boson in association with a top-quark pair and its subsequent decay into a tau-lepton pair or a W-boson pair. This process can give rise to many signatures of the Higgs boson. These signatures can have electrons, muons, tau jets, bottom jets and/or light flavour jets. We analyze the viability of some of these signatures. We will look at those signatures where the background is minimal. In particular, we explore the viability of the signatures "isolated 4 electron/muon" and "isolated 3 electron/muon + a jet" The jet can be due to a light flavour quark/gluon, a bottom quark, or a tau lepton. Of all these signatures, we find that "isolated 3 electron/muon + a tau jet", with an extra bottom jet, can be an excellent signature of this mode of the Higgs boson production. We show that this signature may be visible within a year, once the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) restarts. Some of the other signatures would also be observable after the LHC accumulates sufficient luminosity.

Pankaj Agrawal; Somnath Bandyopadhyay; Siba Prasad Das

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

170

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2012 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of δ 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2009. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric δ 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

171

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2013 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of δ 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2010. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric δ 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

172

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2011 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of del 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2008. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric del 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

173

S-Denying of the Signature Conditions Expands General Relativitys Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply the S-denying procedure to signature conditions in a four-dimensional pseudo-Riemannian space i. e. we change one (or even all) of the conditions to be partially true and partially false. We obtain five kinds of expanded space-time for General Relativity. Kind I permits the space-time to be in collapse. Kind II permits the space-time to change its own signature. Kind III has peculiarities, linked to the third signature condition. Kind IV permits regions where the metric fully degenerates: there may be non-quantum teleportation, and a home for virtual photons. Kind V is common for kinds I, II, III, and IV.

Dmitri Rabounski; Florentin Smarandache; Larissa Borissova

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Structural Monitoring of a Weapons Test Unit Using Dynamic Signature Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A methodology to identify structural changes in weapon systems during environmental test is being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The method is coherence based and relies on comparing the 'dynamic signature' response of the test article before and after an environmental test or test series. Test caused changes in the dynamic signature get mapped to an image matrix where a color scale represents changes in sensor-to-sensor coherence. This methodology is convenient because an image can present large amounts of information in a very compact form and even subtle system changes may be identified. Furthermore, comparison of the dynamic signature response data 'before' and 'after' any test event can be made on a quasi-real time basis. This approach is particularly useful on large and/or complex test articles where many sensors are present and large volumes of data are generated.

Jensen, S; Malsbury, T; Leach, R; Tsap, L

2004-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

175

Perturbative QCD signatures of hybrid hadrons in electroproduction at high Q{sup 2}  

SciTech Connect

In the perturbative domain of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), transverse electroproduction of hybrid baryons is small. Their longitudinal electroproduction has size and scaling behavior like normal baryons. Thus deep inelastic scattering has hybrid resonance peak to background ratio small for the transverse structure function but normal size and constant for the longitudinal one. This signature can test if the Roper resonance is a hybrid. Related high momentum transfer signatures may clarify the structure of possible non-standard states such as {Lambda}(1405), f{sub o}(975), or a{sub o}(980).

Carlson, C.E. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory]|[College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Mukhopadhyay, N.C. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory]|[Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Perturbative QCD signatures of hybrid hadrons in electroproduction at high Q sup 2  

SciTech Connect

In the perturbative domain of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), transverse electroproduction of hybrid baryons is small. Their longitudinal electroproduction has size and scaling behavior like normal baryons. Thus deep inelastic scattering has hybrid resonance peak to background ratio small for the transverse structure function but normal size and constant for the longitudinal one. This signature can test if the Roper resonance is a hybrid. Related high momentum transfer signatures may clarify the structure of possible non-standard states such as {Lambda}(1405), f{sub o}(975), or a{sub o}(980).

Carlson, C.E. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics); Mukhopadhyay, N.C. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Development of Extraction Techniques for the Detection of Signature Lipids from Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pure cultures, including Desulfovibrio vulgaris and Methanococcus maripaludus, were combined with model oil samples and oil/diesel mixtures to optimize extraction techniques of signature lipids from oil in support of investigation of microbial communities in oil deposit samples targets for microbial enhanced hydrocarbon recovery. Several techniques were evaluated, including standard phospholipid extraction, ether linked lipid for Archaeal bacterial detection, and high pressure extractiontechniques. Recovery of lipids ranged from 50-80percent as compared to extraction of the pure culture. Extraction efficiency was evaluated by the use of internal standards. Field samples will also be tested for recovery of signature lipids with optimized extraction techniques.

Borglin, Sharon; Geller, Jil; Chakraborty, Romy; Hazen, Terry; Mason, Olivia

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

178

A protein sequence meta-functional signature for calcium binding residue prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diversity of characterized protein functions found amongst experimentally interrogated proteins suggests that a vast array of unknown functions remains undiscovered. These protein functions are imparted by specific geometric distributions of amino ... Keywords: Calcium, Functional signature, Protein binding site, Protein function prediction, Protein sequence analysis

Jeremy A. Horst; Ram Samudrala

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Relation between Verifiable Random Functions and Convertible Undeniable Signatures, and New Constructions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Verifiable random functions (VRF) and selectively-convertible undeniable signature (SCUS) schemes were. This directly yields several deterministic SCUS schemes based on existing VRF constructions. In addition, we transaction escrow schemes [14]. 1.2 Our contributions We first show VRF implies deterministic SCUS

180

Signatures for right-handed neutrinos at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore possible signatures for right-handed neutrinos in TeV scale B-L extension of the Standard Model (SM) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The studied four lepton signal has a tiny SM background. We find the signal experimentally accessible at LHC for the considered parameter regions.

Katri Huitu; Shaaban Khalil; Hiroshi Okada; Santosh Kumar Rai

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Search for rare SM processes in the MET+b-jets signature at CDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The missing transverse energy (E{sub T}) plus b-jets signature is very promising for searches for the Higgs boson or new physics. Indeed, E{sub T} naturally arises from unidentified particles such as neutrinos, neutralinos, gravitons, etc., and b-quarks are the main decay products of a low mass Higgs boson as well as of several exotic particles. The main challenge is to identify and reject the numerous standard model (SM) backgrounds that mimic this signature. This is especially so for QCD multi-jet production, a large background due to mis-measurement (rather than undetectable particles). We present state-of-the-art data-driven and multivariate techniques to characterize and reject this instrumental background. These techniques make analyses in this signature as sensitive as those using lepton identification and allow probing for rare SM processes. We describe searches for electroweak single top production, a part of the observation of single top by CDF, and for a low mass SM Higgs boson, one of the most sensitive among low mass Higgs searches at CDF. We also present a measurement of the top pair cross-section in this signature, and discuss other analyses and future prospects.

Potamianos, Karolos

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Discovery's Final Flight Lightning Signature Could Help Reveal Solar System's Origin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of exploration, learning, and fun. The theme, "Explore Our World," gave visitors an opportunity to move objects in the distant uni- verse, as well as here on Earth. At the thermal engineering table, attendees Goddard Updates The Weekly - 2 NASA Exhibits Inspire Maryland Day Explorers - 3 Lightning Signature Could

183

Online duplicate document detection: signature reliability in a dynamic retrieval environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As online document collections continue to expand, both on the Web and in proprietary environments, the need for duplicate detection becomes more critical. Few users wish to retrieve search results consisting of sets of duplicate documents, whether identical ... Keywords: data management, doc signatures, duplicate document detection

Jack G. Conrad; Xi S. Guo; Cindy P. Schriber

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Efficient exact edit similarity query processing with the asymmetric signature scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a query string Q, an edit similarity search finds all strings in a database whose edit distance with Q is no more than a given threshold t. Most existing method answering edit similarity queries rely on a signature scheme to generate candidates ... Keywords: Q-gram, approximate pattern matching, edit distance, similarity join, similarity search

Jianbin Qin; Wei Wang; Yifei Lu; Chuan Xiao; Xuemin Lin

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Online/Offline Signatures and Multisignatures for AODV and DSR Routing Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIOS Ext : F produces an identity ID and receives corresponding secret key DID. ­ Offline Signing Query OIOS OffSign: F produces an identity ID, and receives an offline signature generated by offline signing oracle using the secret key corresponding to ID. ­ Online Singing Query OIOS OnSign: F produces a message

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

186

Chemical Signatures of and Precursors to Fractures Using Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) are designed to recover heat from the subsurface by mechanically creating fractures in subsurface rocks. Open or recently closed fractures would be more susceptible to enhancing the permeability of the system. Identifying dense fracture areas as well as large open fractures from small fracture systems will assist in fracture stimulation site selection. Geothermal systems are constantly generating fractures (Moore, Morrow et al. 1987), and fluids and gases passing through rocks in these systems leave small fluid and gas samples trapped in healed microfractures. These fluid inclusions are faithful records of pore fluid chemistry. Fluid inclusions trapped in minerals as the fractures heal are characteristic of the fluids that formed them, and this signature can be seen in fluid inclusion gas analysis. This report presents the results of the project to determine fracture locations by the chemical signatures from gas analysis of fluid inclusions. With this project we hope to test our assumptions that gas chemistry can distinguish if the fractures are open and bearing production fluids or represent prior active fractures and whether there are chemical signs of open fracture systems in the wall rock above the fracture. Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) is a method developed for the geothermal industry which applies the mass quantification of fluid inclusion gas data from drill cuttings and applying known gas ratios and compositions to determine depth profiles of fluid barriers in a modern geothermal system (Dilley, 2009; Dilley et al., 2005; Norman et al., 2005). Identifying key gas signatures associated with fractures for isolating geothermal fluid production is the latest advancement in the application of FIS to geothermal systems (Dilley and Norman, 2005; Dilley and Norman, 2007). Our hypothesis is that peaks in FIS data are related to location of fractures. Previous work (DOE Grant DE-FG36-06GO16057) has indicated differences in the chemical signature of fluid inclusions between open and closed fractures as well as differences in the chemical signature of open fractures between geothermal systems. Our hypothesis is that open fracture systems can be identified by their FIS chemical signature; that there are differences based on the mineral assemblages and geology of the system; and that there are chemical precursors in the wall rock above open, large fractures. Specific goals for this project are: (1) To build on the preliminary results which indicate that there are differences in the FIS signatures between open and closed fractures by identifying which chemical species indicate open fractures in both active geothermal systems and in hot, dry rock; (2) To evaluate the FIS signatures based on the geology of the fields; (3) To evaluate the FIS signatures based on the mineral assemblages in the fracture; and (4) To determine if there are specific chemical signatures in the wall rock above open, large fractures. This method promises to lower the cost of geothermal energy production in several ways. Knowledge of productive fractures in the boreholes will allow engineers to optimize well production. This information can aid in well testing decisions, well completion strategies, and in resource calculations. It will assist in determining the areas for future fracture enhancement. This will develop into one of the techniques in the 'tool bag' for creating and managing Enhanced Geothermal Systems.

Lorie M. Dilley

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

187

Signatures and Methods for the Automated Nondestructive Assay of UF6 Cylinders at Uranium Enrichment Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors currently perform periodic inspections at uranium enrichment plants to verify UF6 cylinder enrichment declarations. Measurements are typically performed with handheld high-resolution sensors on a sampling of cylinders taken to be representative of the facilitys entire cylinder inventory. These measurements are time-consuming, expensive, and assay only a small fraction of the total cylinder volume. An automated nondestructive assay system capable of providing enrichment measurements over the full volume of the cylinder could improve upon current verification practices in terms of manpower and assay accuracy. Such a station would use sensors that can be operated in an unattended mode at an industrial facility: medium-resolution scintillators for gamma-ray spectroscopy (e.g., NaI(Tl)) and moderated He-3 neutron detectors. This sensor combination allows the exploitation of additional, more-penetrating signatures beyond the traditional 185-keV emission from U-235: neutrons produced from F-19(?,n) reactions (spawned primarily from U 234 alpha emission) and high-energy gamma rays (extending up to 8 MeV) induced by neutrons interacting in the steel cylinder. This paper describes a study of these non-traditional signatures for the purposes of cylinder enrichment verification. The signatures and the radiation sensors designed to collect them are described, as are proof-of-principle cylinder measurements and analyses. Key sources of systematic uncertainty in the non-traditional signatures are discussed, and the potential benefits of utilizing these non-traditional signatures, in concert with an automated form of the traditional 185-keV-based assay, are discussed.

Smith, Leon E.; Mace, Emily K.; Misner, Alex C.; Shaver, Mark W.

2010-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

188

Impact of Dark Matter Microhalos on Signatures for Direct and Indirect Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting dark matter as it streams through detectors on Earth relies on knowledge of its phase space density on a scale comparable to the size of our solar system. Numerical simulations predict that our Galactic halo contains an enormous hierarchy of substructures, streams and caustics, the remnants of the merging hierarchy that began with tiny Earth mass microhalos. If these bound or coherent structures persist until the present time, they could dramatically alter signatures for the detection of weakly interacting elementary particle dark matter (WIMP). Using numerical simulations that follow the coarse grained tidal disruption within the Galactic potential and fine grained heating from stellar encounters, we find that microhalos, streams and caustics have a negligible likelihood of impacting direct detection signatures implying that dark matter constraints derived using simple smooth halo models are relatively robust. We also find that many dense central cusps survive, yielding a small enhancement in the signal for indirect detection experiments.

Aurel Schneider; Lawrence M. Krauss; Ben Moore

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

An Observed Signature of Aerosol Effect on Cloud Droplet Radii from a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Observed Signature of Aerosol Effect on Cloud Droplet Radii from a An Observed Signature of Aerosol Effect on Cloud Droplet Radii from a Decade of Observations at a Mid-Continental Site Min, Qilong State University of New York at Albany Duan, Minzheng State University of New York at Albany Harrison, Lee State University of New York Joseph, Everette Howard University Category: Aerosols Continuing observations of aerosol and cloud optical property have been made using MFRSR and MWR at the ARM SGP site since 1993. Diurnal, monthly, seasonal and interannual variability of aerosol (optical depth and Angstrom coefficient) and cloud (optical depth and effective radius) have been analyzed. We have correlated an "aerosol index" computed from clear-sky observations of MFRSR with cloud droplet mean effective radius to study the

190

Collider signatures of low scale supersymmetry breaking: A Snowmass 2013 White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility that supersymmetry is broken at a low scale, within one order of magnitude above the TeV scale. In such a case, the degrees of freedom associated with the spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry, the goldstino fermion and its scalar superpartner (the sgoldstino), can have significant interactions with the Standard Model particles and their superpartners. We discuss some characteristic processes, involving the goldstino and the sgoldstino, and the collider signatures they give rise to. These signatures involve scalar resonances in the di-photon, di-jet, di-boson and di-tau channels, the possible relation between these resonances and deviations in the Higgs couplings as well as exotic Higgs decays in the monophoton+MET and the four photon channels.

Emilian Dudas; Christoffer Petersson; Riccardo Torre

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

191

Estimation of the Performance of Multiple Active Neutron Interrogation Signatures for Detecting Shielded HEU  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive modeling study has been carried out to evaluate the utility of multiple active neutron interrogation signatures for detecting shielded highly enriched uranium (HEU). The modeling effort focused on varying HEU masses from 1 kg to 20 kg; varying types of shields including wood, steel, cement, polyethylene, and borated polyethylene; varying depths of the HEU in the shields, and varying engineered shields immediately surrounding the HEU including steel, tungsten, and cadmium. Neutron and gamma-ray signatures were the focus of the study and false negative detection probabilities versus measurement time were used as a performance metric. To facilitate comparisons among different approaches an automated method was developed to generate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for different sets of model variables for multiple background count rate conditions. This paper summarizes results or the analysis, including laboratory benchmark comparisons between simulations and experiments. The important impact engineered shields can play towards degrading detectability and methods for mitigating this will be discussed.

David L. Chichester; Scott J. Thompson; Scott M. Watson; James T. Johnson; Edward H. Seabury

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Complex Biological Event Extraction from Full Text using Signatures of Linguistic and Semantic Features  

SciTech Connect

Building on technical advances from the BioNLP 2009 Shared Task Challenge, the 2011 challenge sets forth to generalize techniques to other complex biological event extraction tasks. In this paper, we present the implementation and evaluation of a signature-based machine-learning technique to predict events from full texts of infectious disease documents. Specifically, our approach uses novel signatures composed of traditional linguistic features and semantic knowledge to predict event triggers and their candidate arguments. Using a leave-one out analysis, we report the contribution of linguistic and shallow semantic features in the trigger prediction and candidate argument extraction. Lastly, we examine evaluations and posit causes for errors of infectious disease track subtasks.

McGrath, Liam R.; Domico, Kelly O.; Corley, Courtney D.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

193

Turbine-Generator Topics for Power Plant Engineers: Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Signature Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic signature analysis (EMSA) is the process used to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by abnormalities in almost any energized power plant equipmentfrom cable connections to broken rotor bars in a motor to the isolated phase bus and generator step-up transformer. EMSA will detect any defect that involves EMI, noise, arcing, corona, partial discharge, gap discharge, sparking or microsparking, or any combination of these.With EMSA, every signal ...

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Signature-based inference-usability confinement for relational databases under functional and join dependencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inference control of queries for relational databases confines the information content and thus the usability of data returned to a client, aiming to keep some pieces of information confidential as specified in a policy, in particular for the sake of ... Keywords: SQL, a priori knowledge, confidentiality policy, functional dependency, inference control, inference signature, inference-usability confinement, interaction history, join dependency, refusal, relational database, select-project query, template dependency

Joachim Biskup; Sven Hartmann; Sebastian Link; Jan-Hendrik Lochner; Torsten Schlotmann

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Angular Signatures of Dark Matter in the Diffuse Gamma Ray Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark matter annihilating in our Galaxy's halo and elsewhere in the universe is expected to generate a diffuse flux of gamma rays, potentially observable with next generation satellite-based experiments, such as GLAST. In this article, we study the signatures of dark matter in the angular distribution of this radiation, in particular the deterministic ones. Pertaining to the extragalactic contribution, we discuss the effect of the motion of the solar system with respect to the cosmological rest frame, and anisotropies due to the structure of our local universe. For the gamma ray flux from dark matter in our own Galactic halo, we discuss the effects of the offset position of the solar system, the Compton-Getting effect, the asphericity of the Milky Way halo, and the signatures of nearby substructure. We explore the prospects for the detection of these features by the GLAST satellite and find that, if ~10% or more of the diffuse gamma ray background observed by EGRET is the result of dark matter annihilations, then GLAST should be sensitive to anisotropies at the sub-percent level. Such precision would be sufficient to detect many, if not all, of the signatures discussed in this paper.

Dan Hooper; Pasquale D. Serpico

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

196

Potential Signatures of Semi-volatile Compounds Associated With Nuclear Processing  

SciTech Connect

Semi-volatile chemicals associated with nuclear processes (e.g., the reprocessing of uranium to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons, or the separation of actinides from processing waste streams), can provide sticky residues or signatures that will attach to piping, ducting, soil, water, or other surface media. Volatile compounds, that are more suitable for electro-optical sensing, have been well studied. However, the semi-volatile compounds have not been well documented or studied. A majority of these semi-volatile chemicals are more robust than typical gaseous or liquid chemicals and can have lifetimes of several weeks, months, or years in the environment. However, large data gaps exist concerning these potential signature compounds and more research is needed to fill these data gaps so that important signature information is not overlooked or discarded. This report investigates key semi-volatile compounds associated with nuclear separations, identifies available chemical and physical properties, and discusses the degradation products that would result from hydrolysis, radiolysis and oxidation reactions on these compounds.

Probasco, Kathleen M.; Birnbaum, Jerome C.; Maughan, A. D.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Identifying Signatures of Natural Climate Variability in Time Series of Global-Mean Surface Temperature: Methodology and Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global-mean surface temperature is affected by both natural variability and anthropogenic forcing. This study is concerned with identifying and removing from global-mean temperatures the signatures of natural climate variability over the period ...

David W. J. Thompson; John M. Wallace; Phil D. Jones; John J. Kennedy

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

RF-powered aqueous extractor for identification of chemical signatures of life on Mars, comets and asteroids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prospect of finding chemical signatures of present or past life on Mars, comets, and asteroids is one of the important drivers behind NASA's Solar System exploration program. A compact sample-processing technology that enables cataloging, characterization ...

X. Amashukeli; G. Chattopadhyay; P. Siegel; R. Lin; A. Peralta; R. Toda

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Decadal-Scale SST and Salinity Variations in the Central Tropical Pacific: Signatures of Natural and Anthropogenic Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate projections of future temperature and precipitation patterns in many regions of the world depend on quantifying anthropogenic signatures in tropical Pacific climate against its rich background of natural variability. ...

Nurhati, Intan Suci

200

A Statistical Model for Generating a Population of Unclassified Objects and Radiation Signatures Spanning Nuclear Threats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an approach for generating a simulated population of plausible nuclear threat radiation signatures spanning a range of variability that could be encountered by radiation detection systems. In this approach, we develop a statistical model for generating random instances of smuggled nuclear material. The model is based on physics principles and bounding cases rather than on intelligence information or actual threat device designs. For this initial stage of work, we focus on random models using fissile material and do not address scenarios using non-fissile materials. The model has several uses. It may be used as a component in a radiation detection system performance simulation to generate threat samples for injection studies. It may also be used to generate a threat population to be used for training classification algorithms. In addition, we intend to use this model to generate an unclassified 'benchmark' threat population that can be openly shared with other organizations, including vendors, for use in radiation detection systems performance studies and algorithm development and evaluation activities. We assume that a quantity of fissile material is being smuggled into the country for final assembly and that shielding may have been placed around the fissile material. In terms of radiation signature, a nuclear weapon is basically a quantity of fissile material surrounded by various layers of shielding. Thus, our model of smuggled material is expected to span the space of potential nuclear weapon signatures as well. For computational efficiency, we use a generic 1-dimensional spherical model consisting of a fissile material core surrounded by various layers of shielding. The shielding layers and their configuration are defined such that the model can represent the potential range of attenuation and scattering that might occur. The materials in each layer and the associated parameters are selected from probability distributions that span the range of possibilities. Once an object is generated, its radiation signature is calculated using a 1-dimensional deterministic transport code. Objects that do not make sense based on physics principles or other constraints are rejected. Thus, the model can be used to generate a population of spectral signatures that spans a large space, including smuggled nuclear material and nuclear weapons.

Nelson, K; Sokkappa, P

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

SIGNATURE SHEET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Corporate Office is 5251 DTC Parkway Suite 1400, Greenwood Village, Colorado 80111. ... records will be kept for five years after retirement of the ...

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

202

SIGNATURES OF PHOTON-AXION CONVERSION IN THE THERMAL SPECTRA AND POLARIZATION OF NEUTRON STARS  

SciTech Connect

Conversion of photons into axions under the presence of a strong magnetic field can dim the radiation from magnetized astrophysical objects. Here we perform a detailed calculation aimed at quantifying the signatures of photon-axion conversion in the spectra, light curves, and polarization of neutron stars (NSs). We take into account the energy and angle dependence of the conversion probability and the surface thermal emission from NSs. The latter is computed from magnetized atmosphere models that include the effect of photon polarization mode conversion due to vacuum polarization. The resulting spectral models, inclusive of the general-relativistic effects of gravitational redshift and light deflection, allow us to make realistic predictions for the effects of photon to axion conversion on observed NS spectra, light curves, and polarization signals. We identify unique signatures of the conversion, such as an increase of the effective area of a hot spot as it rotates away from the observer line of sight. For a star emitting from the entire surface, the conversion produces apparent radii that are either larger or smaller (depending on axion mass and coupling strength) than the limits set by NS equations of state. For an emission region that is observed phase-on, photon-axion conversion results in an inversion of the plane of polarization with respect to the no-conversion case. While the quantitative details of the features that we identify depend on NS properties (magnetic field strength and temperature) and axion parameters, the spectral and polarization signatures induced by photon-axion conversion are distinctive enough to make NSs very interesting and promising probes of axion physics.

Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, 440 UCB, Boulder, CO 80304 (United States); Ho, Wynn C. G. [School of Mathematics, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Verde, Licia; Jimenez, Raul [ICREA and ICC, University of Barcelona (IEEC-UB) (Spain); Van Adelsberg, Matthew [Center for Relativistic Astrophysics and School of Physics Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Signature of a Pairing Transition in the Heat Capacity of Finite Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heat capacity of iron isotopes is calculated within the interacting shell model using the complete $(pf+0g_{9/2})$-shell. We identify a signature of the pairing transition in the heat capacity that is correlated with the suppression of the number of spin-zero neutron pairs as the temperature increases. Our results are obtained by a novel method that significantly reduces the statistical errors in the heat capacity calculated by the shell model Monte Carlo approach. The Monte Carlo results are compared with finite-temperature Fermi gas and BCS calculations.

S. Liu; Y. Alhassid

2000-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

Embedding a chaotic signature in a periodic train: can periodic signals be chaotic?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how a chaotic system can be locked to emit a periodic waveform belonging to its chaotic attractor. We numerically demonstrate our idea in a system composed of a semiconductor laser driven to chaos by optical feedback from a short external cavity. The clue is the injection of an appropriate periodic signal that modulates the phase and amplitude of the intra-cavity radiation, a chaotic analogy of conventional mode-locking. The result is a time process that manifests a chaotic signature embedded in a long-scale periodic train.

Antonio Mecozzi; Cristian Antonelli

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

205

Detection of Tool Flute Breakage in End Milling Using Feed-Motor Current Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an effective algorithm based on improved time-domain averaging is proposed to detect tool flute breakage during end milling using feed-motor current signatures. The algorithm proposed is demonstrated to be effective in detecting tool flute breakage in real time through a series of milling experiments, and is also demonstrated to be insensitive to the effects for transients, such as cutter runout, entry/exit cuts, and noise in the feed-motor current signals. Results indicated that the approach showed excellent potential for practical, on-line application for tool flute breakage detection during end milling.

Xiao Li

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Apparatus and method for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof. A property inherent to most explosives is their stickiness, resulting in a strong tendency of explosive particulate to contaminate the environment of a bulk explosive. An apparatus for collection of residue particulate, burning the collected particulate, and measurement of the ultraviolet emission produced thereby, is described. The present invention can be utilized for real-time screening of personnel, cars, packages, suspected devices, etc., and provides an inexpensive, portable, and noninvasive means for detecting explosives.

Funsten, Herbert O. (Los Alamos, NM); McComas, David J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Apparatus and method for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof. A property inherent to most explosives is their stickiness, resulting in a strong tendency of explosive particulate to contaminate the environment of a bulk explosive. An apparatus for collection of residue particulate, burning the collected particulate, and measurement of the optical emission produced thereby is described. The present invention can be utilized for real-time screening of personnel, cars, packages, suspected devices, etc., and provides an inexpensive, portable, and noninvasive means for detecting explosives.

Funsten, Herbert O. (Los Alamos, NM); McComas, David J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Apparatus and method for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method are disclosed for rapid detection of explosives residue from the deflagration signature thereof. A property inherent to most explosives is their stickiness, resulting in a strong tendency of explosive particulate to contaminate the environment of a bulk explosive. An apparatus for collection of residue particulate, burning the collected particulate, and measurement of the ultraviolet emission produced thereby, is described. The present invention can be utilized for real-time screening of personnel, cars, packages, suspected devices, etc., and provides an inexpensive, portable, and noninvasive means for detecting explosives. 4 figs.

Funsten, H.O.; McComas, D.J.

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Enhancing the Authentication of Bank Cheque Signatures by Implementing Automated System Using Recurrent Neural Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The associatie memory feature of the Hopfield type recurrent neural network is used for the pattern storage and pattern authentication.This paper outlines an optimization relaxation approach for signature verification based on the Hopfield neural network (HNN)which is a recurrent network.The standard sample signature of the customer is cross matched with the one supplied on the Cheque.The difference percentage is obtained by calculating the different pixels in both the images.The network topology is built so that each pixel in the difference image is a neuron in the network.Each neuron is categorized by its states,which in turn signifies that if the particular pixel is changed.The network converges to unwavering condition based on the energy function which is derived in experiments.The Hopfield's model allows each node to take on two binary state values (changed/unchanged)for each pixel.The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated by applying it in various binary and gray scale images.This paper con...

Rao, Mukta; Dhaka, Vijaypal Singh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Signature of a Pairing Transition in the Heat Capacity of Finite Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heat capacity of iron isotopes is calculated within the interacting shell model using the complete (pf + 0g9/2)-shell. We identify a signature of the pairing transition in the heat capacity that is correlated with the suppression of the number of spin-zero neutron pairs as the temperature increases. Our results are obtained by a novel method that significantly reduces the statistical errors in the heat capacity calculated by the shell model Monte Carlo approach. The Monte Carlo results are compared with finite-temperature Fermi gas and BCS calculations. Typeset using REVTEX 1 Pairing effects in finite nuclei are well known; examples include the energy gap in the spectra of even-even nuclei and an odd-even effect observed in nuclear masses. However, less is known about the thermal signatures of the pairing interaction in nuclei. In a macroscopic conductor, pairing leads to a phase transition from a normal metal to a superconductor below a certain critical temperature, and in the BCS theory [1] the heat capacity is characterized

S. Liu; Y. Alhassid

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Lifecycle of Bayesian Network Models Developed for Multi-Source Signature Assessment of Nuclear Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Multi-Source Signatures for Nuclear Programs project, part of Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys (PNNL) Signature Discovery Initiative, seeks to computationally capture expert assessment of multi-type information such as text, sensor output, imagery, or audio/video files, to assess nuclear activities through a series of Bayesian network (BN) models. These models incorporate knowledge from a diverse range of information sources in order to help assess a countrys nuclear activities. The models span engineering topic areas, state-level indicators, and facility-specific characteristics. To illustrate the development, calibration, and use of BN models for multi-source assessment, we present a model that predicts a countrys likelihood to participate in the international nuclear nonproliferation regime. We validate this model by examining the extent to which the model assists non-experts arrive at conclusions similar to those provided by nuclear proliferation experts. We also describe the PNNL-developed software used throughout the lifecycle of the Bayesian network model development.

Gastelum, Zoe N.; White, Amanda M.; Whitney, Paul D.; Gosink, Luke J.; Sego, Landon H.

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

212

Transcriptional profiling of aging in human muscle reveals a common aging signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyzed expression of 81 normal muscle samples from humans of varying ages, and have identified a molecular profile for aging consisting of 250 age-regulated genes. This molecular profile correlates not only with chronological age but also with a measure of physiological age. We compared the transcriptional profile of muscle aging to previous transcriptional profiles of aging in the kidney and the brain, and found a common signature for aging in these diverse human tissues. The common aging signature consists of six genetic pathways; four pathways increase expression with age (genes in the extracellular matrix, genes involved in cell growth, genes encoding factors involved in complement activation, and genes encoding components of the cytosolic ribosome), while two pathways decrease expression with age (genes involved in chloride transport and genes encoding subunits of the mitochondrial electron transport chain). We also compared transcriptional profiles of aging in humans to those of the mouse and fly, and found that the electron transport chain pathway decreases expression with age in all three organisms, suggesting that this may be a

Jacob M. Zahn; Rebecca Sonu; Hannes Vogel; Emily Crane; Krystyna Mazan-mamczarz; Ralph Rabkin; Ronald W. Davis; Kevin G. Becker; Art B. Owen; Stuart K. Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Recovery signatures of lightning-associated VLF perturbations as a measure of the lower ionosphere  

SciTech Connect

A new model of the physical processes associated with subionospheric VLF signal perturbations caused by lightning-induced electron precipitation (LEP) bursts is developed to diagnose the state of the lower ionosphere (e.g., electron number density and rate coefficients for various chemical reactions) on the basis of measurements of VLF recovery signatures. The model accounts for the energy spectrum of the electron bursts precipitated by lightning-generated whistlers, the chemical relaxation of enhanced secondary ionization in the nightime D region due to LEP bursts, and quantitatively treats the resultant effects on propagation of the VLF signal in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide. Application of the model to experimental data obtained for the VLF propagation path from NPM station (Hawaii) to Palmer station (Antarctica) indicates that effective electron detachment rate {gamma}, enhanced secondary ionization profile (e.g., energy content of LEP bursts), as well as the ambient electron density distribution, may be estimated using observed subionospheric VLF recovery signatures. The effective detachment rate was identified as {approximately}10{sup 18} N s{sup {minus}1}, where N is total number density of neutrals. Model indicates in particular that the attachment-detachment processes play the dominant role in recovery of subionospheric VLF signal perturbations on timescales {approximately}100 s, and that the observed perturbations of the NPM-Palmer signal correspond to the LEP bursts consisting of relatively soft (< 250 keV) electrons. 33 refs., 24 figs.

Pasko, V.P.; Inan, U.S. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Signatures of photon and axion-like particle mixing in the gamma-ray burst jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photons couple to Axion-Like Particles (ALPs) or more generally to any pseudo Nambu-Goldstone boson in the presence of an external electromagnetic field. Mixing between photons and ALPs in the strong magnetic field of a Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) jet during the prompt emission phase can leave observable imprints on the gamma-ray polarization and spectrum. Mixing in the intergalactic medium is not expected to modify these signatures for ALP mass > 10^(-14) eV and/or for gamma ray emission. We also show that when the magnetic field orientation in the propagation region is perpendicular to the field orientation in the production region, the observed synchrotron spectrum becomes steeper than the theoretical prediction and as detected in a sizable fraction of GRB sample. Detection of the correlated polarization and spectral signatures from these steep-spectrum GRBs by gamma-ray polarimeters can be a very powerful probe to discover ALPs. Measurement of gamma-ray polarization from GRBs in general, with high statistics, can also be useful to search for ALPs.

Olga Mena; Soebur Razzaque; F. Villaescusa-Navarro

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

215

RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA Final Report Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA Final Report Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration for Ways to Reduce Operating Costs for Small Producers Project: 08123-10 April 30, 2012 Loy Sneary, President Robin Dahlheim, Sales Gulf Coast Green Energy 1801 7th St, Ste 230 Bay City, TX 77414 RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared by Gulf Coast Green Energy as an account of work sponsored by the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, RPSEA. Neither RPSEA members of RPSEA, the National Energy Technology Laboratory, the U.S. Department of Energy, nor any person acting on behalf of any of the entities: MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH RESPECT TO

216

First measurement of the Head-Tail directional nuclear recoil signature at energies relevant to WIMP dark matter searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present first evidence for the so-called Head-Tail asymmetry signature of neutron-induced nuclear recoil tracks at energies down to 1.5 keV/amu using the 1m^3 DRIFT-IIc dark matter detector. This regime is appropriate for recoils induced by Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMPs) but one where the differential ionization is poorly understood. We show that the distribution of recoil energies and directions induced here by Cf-252 neutrons matches well that expected from massive WIMPs. The results open a powerful new means of searching for a galactic signature from WIMPs.

S. Burgos; E. Daw; J. Forbes; C. Ghag; M. Gold; C. Hagemann; V. A. Kudryavtsev; T. B. Lawson; D. Loomba; P. Majewski; D. Muna; A. StJ. Murphy; G. G. Nicklin; S. M. Paling; A. Petkov; S. J. S. Plank; M. Robinson; N. Sanghi; D. P. Snowden-Ifft; N. J. C. Spooner; J. Turk; E. Tziaferi

2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

217

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUIVISSINST.ITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEMORANDUIVISSINST.ITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION. MEMORANDUIVISSINST.ITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: - NEPA Col lance 0 'slicer Page 1 of 2 PMC.Ena CA:Arp U.S. DEPARTI\LENT OF ENERGY EIRE PROJECT MAN AG EMEN CENTER NEPA DE TEM\ ETNATION RECIPIENT:PPG Industries, Inc., Fiberglass R&D STATE: NC PROJECT TITLE : Recovery Act: Wind Blade Manufacturing Innovation Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001372 GFO-10-016 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

218

Microsoft Word - 01-3199 Rev 6 Final w_o signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIPP 01-3199 WIPP 01-3199 Recertification Project Plan Revision 6 February 2013 This document supersedes DOE/WIPP 01-3199, Revision 5. U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office 2 Recertification Project Plan Revision 6 February 2013 U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office //signature on file// 02/14/2013 Jose R. Franco / Date Manager, Carlsbad Field Office Recertification Project Plan DOE/WIPP 01-3199, Rev. 6 3 This document has been submitted as required to: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information PO Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (865) 576-8401 Additional information about this document may be obtained by calling 1-800-336-9477 Unlimited, publicly available full-text scientific and technical reports

219

Cold Dark Matter Substructure and Galactic Disks I: Morphological Signatures of Hierarchical Satellite Accretion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We conduct a series of high-resolution, dissipationless N-body simulations to investigate the cumulative effect of substructure mergers onto thin disk galaxies in the context of the LCDM paradigm of structure formation. Our simulation campaign is based on a hybrid approach. Substructure properties are culled directly from cosmological simulations of galaxy-sized cold dark matter (CDM) halos. In contrast to what can be inferred from statistics of the present-day substructure populations, accretions of massive subhalos onto the central regions of host halos, where the galactic disk resides, since z~1 should be common occurrences. One host halo merger history is subsequently used to seed controlled numerical experiments of repeated satellite impacts on an initially-thin Milky Way-type disk galaxy. We show that these accretion events produce several distinctive observational signatures in the stellar disk including: a ring-like feature in the outskirts; a significant flare; a central bar; and faint fil...

Kazantzidis, Stelios; Zentner, Andrew R; Kravtsov, Andrey V; Moustakas, Leonidas A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Search for an Atmospheric Signature of the Transiting Exoplanet HD 149026b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HD 149026b is a short-period, Saturn-mass planet that transits a metal-rich star. The planet's radius, determined by photometry, is remarkably small compared to other known transiting planets, with a heavy-element core that apparently comprises ~70% of the total planet mass. Time-series spectra were obtained at Keck before and during transit in order to model the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. Here we make use of these observations to carry out a differential comparison of spectra obtained in and out of transit to search for signatures of neutral atomic lithium and potassium from the planet atmosphere. No signal was detected at the 2% level; we therefore place upper limits on the column density of these atoms.

Nassim Bozorgnia; Jonathan J. Fortney; Chris McCarthy; Debra A. Fischer; Geoffrey W. Marcy

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Back-to-Back Black Holes decay Signature at Neutrino Observatories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a decay signature for non-thermal small black holes with masses in the TeV range which can be discovered by neutrino observatories. The black holes would result due to the impact between ultra high energy neutrinos with nuclei in water or ice and decay instantaneously. They could be produced if the Planck scale is in the few TeV region and the highly energetic fluxes are large enough. Having masses close to the Planck scale, the typical decay mode for these black holes is into two particles emitted back-to-back. For a certain range of angles between the emitted particles and the center of mass direction of motion, it is possible for the detectors to measure separate muons having specific energies and their trajectories oriented at a large enough angle to prove that they are the result of a back-to-back decay event.

Nicusor Arsene; Xavier Calmet; Lauretiu Ioan Caramete; Octavian Micu

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Complex biological event extraction from full text using signatures of linguistic and semantic features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building on technical advances from the BioNLP 2009 Shared Task Challenge, the 2011 challenge sets forth to generalize techniques to other complex biological event extraction tasks. In this paper, we present the implementation and evaluation of a signaturebased machine-learning technique to predict events from full texts of infectious disease documents. Specifically, our approach uses novel signatures composed of traditional linguistic features and semantic knowledge to predict event triggers and their candidate arguments. Using a leave-one out analysis, we report the contribution of linguistic and shallow semantic features in the trigger prediction and candidate argument extraction. Lastly, we examine evaluations and posit causes for errors in our complex biological event extraction.

Liam R. Mcgrath; Kelly Domico; Courtney D. Corley; Bobbie-jo Webb-robertson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Water signature in distant planet shows clues to its formation, Lawrence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 03/14/2013 | NR-13-03-04 Water signature in distant planet shows clues to its formation, Lawrence Livermore research finds Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Artist's rendering of the planetary system HR 8799 at an early stage in its evolution, showing the planet HR 8799c, a disk of gas and dust, and interior planets. Image courtesy of Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics; Mediafarm. High Resolution Image A team of international scientists including a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory astrophysicist has made the most detailed examination yet of the atmosphere of a Jupiter-size like planet beyond our solar system. The finding provides astrophysicists with additional insight into how

224

DOE/EA-1521; Environmental Assessment for Spring Canyon Wind Project, Logan County, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA, Spring Canyon Wind Project ix EA, Spring Canyon Wind Project ix TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED......................................................................................................... 1 1.1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1 1.2 PURPOSE AND NEED............................................................................................. 3 1.2.1 Federal Agency Action ............................................................................... 3 1.2.2 Applicant's Purpose and Need .................................................................... 3 1.3 SCOPING .................................................................................................................. 3

225

Observation and analysis of departure operations at Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to support the development of improved methods for departure operations, the flow constraints and their causalities --primarily responsible for inefficiencies and delays-- need to be identified. This thesis is an ...

Idris, Husni Rifat

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

B. Grant Logan, 1980 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

plasmas confined in magnetic mirror configurations, for his role as the co-inventor of the thermal barrier concept that has revolutionized the outlook for tandem mirror reactors...

227

Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Utah State University, Logan Utah, 84322-8200.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publication NUREG/CR-6031, Cavitation Guide for Control Valves, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington

Rahmeyer, William J.

228

OBSERVABLE SIGNATURES OF PLANET ACCRETION IN RED GIANT STARS. I. RAPID ROTATION AND LIGHT ELEMENT REPLENISHMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The orbital angular momentum of a close-orbiting giant planet can be sufficiently large that, if transferred to the envelope of the host star during the red giant branch (RGB) evolution, it can spin-up the star's rotation to unusually large speeds. This spin-up mechanism is one possible explanation for the rapid rotators detected among the population of generally slow-rotating red giant stars. These rapid rotators thus comprise a unique stellar sample suitable for searching for signatures of planet accretion in the form of unusual stellar abundances due to the dissemination of the accreted planet in the stellar envelope. In this study, we look for signatures of replenishment in the Li abundances and (to a lesser extent) {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C, which are both normally lowered during RGB evolution. Accurate abundances were measured from high signal-to-noise echelle spectra for samples of both slow and rapid rotator red giant stars. We find that the rapid rotators are on average enriched in lithium compared to the slow rotators, but both groups of stars have identical distributions of {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C within our measurement precision. Both of these abundance results are consistent with the accretion of planets of only a few Jupiter masses. We also explore alternative scenarios for understanding the most Li-rich stars in our sample-particularly Li regeneration during various stages of stellar evolution. Finally, we find that our stellar samples show non-standard abundances even at early RGB stages, suggesting that initial protostellar Li abundances and {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C may be more variable than originally thought.

Carlberg, Joleen K. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Cunha, Katia; Smith, Verne V. [NOAO, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Majewski, Steven R., E-mail: jcarlberg@dtm.ciw.edu, E-mail: srm4n@virginia.edu, E-mail: vsmith@noao.edu, E-mail: cunha@noao.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

VLF and LF signatures of mesospheric/lower ionospheric response to lightning discharges  

SciTech Connect

New evidence is presented of disturbances of the electrical conductivity of the nighttime mesosphere and the lower ionosphere in association with lightning discharges. In addition to extensive documentation of the characteristics of a class of event heretofore referred to as early/fast VLF events [Inan et al.], this data reveal a new feature of these events, consisting of a postonset peak that typically lasts for 1-2 s. The authors also report the observation of short-duration VLF or LF perturbation, in which the amplitude of the subionospheric signal exhibits a sudden change within 20 ms of the causative lightning discharge, and recovers back to its original level in < 3 s. These short-duration events have characteristics similiar to the previously observed rapid onset, rapid decay VLF signatures [Dowden et al.]. Both the typical and rapidly recovering events are observed primarily when the causative lightning discharge is within {+-}50 km of the VLF or LF great circle propagation path, indicating that the scattering from the localized disturbance is highly collimated in the forward direction. The latter in turn implies that for the parameters in hand, the transverse extent of the disturbance must be at least {approximately} 100-150 km. The measured VLF signatures are compared with the predictions of a three-dimensional model of subionospheric VLF propogation and scattering in the presence of localized ionospheric disturbances produced by electromagnetic impulses and quasi-electrostatic (QE) fields produced by lightning discharges. The rapidly recovering or short-duration events are consistent with the heating of the ambient electrons by quasi-static electric fields, in cases when heating is not intense enough to exceed the attachment or ionization thresholds. When no significant electron density changes occur, the conductivity changes due to heating alone last only as long as the QE fields, typically less than a few seconds. 29 refs., 12 figs.

Inan, U.S.; Slingeland, A.; Pasko, V.P. [Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Rodriguez, J.V. [Phillips Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, MA (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Creating the Legal Framework for Information and Communications Technology Development: The Example of E-Signature Legislation in Emerging Market Economies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines the role of e-signature laws in creating the legal frame-work for e-commerce in developing and transitional countries. It argues that an early focus on electronic signature laws can be a distraction from more important reforms necessary ...

James X. Dempsey

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Optimizing the WSR-88D Mesocyclone/Tornadic Vortex Signature Algorithm Using WATADSA Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tornado outbreak occurred in east-central Minnesota around 0000 UTC 22 July 1995, within 80 km of the KMPX WSR-88D, at the MinneapolisChanhassen Weather Service Forecast Office (WSFO). The WSR-88D Mesocyclone/Tornadic Vortex Signature ...

Gregory A. Tipton; Eric D. Howieson; John A. Margraf; Robert R. Lee

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Mesoscale Convective Systems Defined by Their 85-GHz Ice Scattering Signature: Size and Intensity Comparison over Tropical Oceans and Continents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used the 85-GHz ice scattering signature to describe the size, intensity, and geographic distribution of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) between 35N and 35S for January, April, July, and October 1993. An MCS was defined as an ...

Karen I. Mohr; Edward J. Zipser

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

CDF note 10798 Seach for the SM Higgs boson in the ET +b-jets signature with relaxed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CDF note 10798 Seach for the SM Higgs boson in the ET +b-jets signature with relaxed kinematic cuts) We present a search for the Higgs boson produced in association with a Z or W boson in the ET +b the Higgs boson signal from the remaining background. We check the goodness of our background modeling

Fermilab

234

Signatures of storm sudden commencements in geomagnetic H, Y and Z elds at Indian observatories during 19581992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signatures of storm sudden commencements in geomagnetic H, Y and Z ®elds at Indian observatories) impulses in hori- zontal (H), eastward (Y) and vertical (Z) ®elds at four Indian geomagnetic observatories 10±20°W of the geomagnetic meridian. The local time variation of the angle is more westerly during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

235

Temporal and Spatial Variability in Juvenile Red Snapper Otolith Elemental Signatures in the Northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Northern Gulf of Mexico WILLIAM F. PATTERSON III* Department of Biology, University of West Florida, 11000 of the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) to determine if otolith elemental signatures could be employed as natural important reef fishes in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Significant bycatch mortality caused by shrimp

Chen, Zhongxing

236

Modeling of Fission Neutrons as a Signature for Detection of Highly Enriched Uranium  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of modeling intended to evaluate the feasibility of using neutrons from induced fission in highly enriched uranium (HEU) as a means of detecting clandestine HEU, even when it is embedded in absorbing surroundings, such as commercial cargo. We characterized radiation from induced fission in HEU, which consisted of delayed neutrons at all energies and prompt neutrons at energies above a threshold. We found that for the candidate detector and for the conditions we considered, a distinctive HEU signature should be detectable, given sufficient detector size, and should be robust over a range of cargo content. In the modeled scenario, an intense neutron source was used to induce fissions in a spherical shell of HEU. To absorb, scatter, and moderate the neutrons, we place one layer of simulated cargo between the source and target and an identical layer between the target and detector. The resulting neutrons and gamma rays are resolved in both time and energy to reveal the portion arising from fission. We predicted the dominant reaction rates within calcium fluoride and liquid organic scintillators. Finally, we assessed the relative effectiveness of two common neutron source energies.

Wolford, J K; Frank, M I; Descalle, M

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hydrocarbon Source Signatures in Houston, Texas: Influence of the Petrochemical Industry  

SciTech Connect

Observations of C1-C10 hydrocarbon mixing ratios measured by in-situ instrumentation at the La Porte super site during the TexAQS 2000 field experiment are reported. The La Porte data were compared to a roadway vehicle exhaust signature obtained from canister samples collected in the Houston Washburn tunnel during the same summer to better understand the impact of petrochemical emissions of hydrocarbons at the site. It is shown that the abundance of ethene, propene, 1-butene, C2-C4 alkanes, hexane, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, isopropylbenzene, and styrene at La Porte were systematically impacted by petrochemical industry emissions. Coherent power law relationships between frequency distribution widths of hydrocarbon mixing ratios and their local lifetimes clearly identify two major source groups, roadway vehicle emissions and industrial emissions. Distributions of most aromatics and long chain alkanes were consistent with roadway vehicle emissions as the dominant source. Airmass reactivity was generally dominated by C1-C3 aldehydes. Propene and ethene sometimes dominated air mass reactivity with HO loss frequencies often greater than 10 s-1. Ozone mixing ratios near 200 ppbv were observed on two separate occasions and these air masses appear to have been impacted by industrial emissions of alkenes from the Houston Ship Channel. The La Porte data provide evidence of the importance of industrial emissions of ethene and propene on air masses reactivity and ozone formation in Houston.

Jobson, B Tom T.; Berkowitz, Carl M.; Kuster, W. C.; Goldan, P. D.; Williams, E. J.; Fesenfeld, F.; Apel, Eric; Karl, Thomas G.; Lonneman, William A.; Riemer, D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

238

TRIM24 Links a Non-canonical Histone Signature to Breast Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognition of modified histone species by distinct structural domains within 'reader' proteins plays a critical role in the regulation of gene expression. Readers that simultaneously recognize histones with multiple marks allow transduction of complex chromatin modification patterns into specific biological outcomes. Here we report that chromatin regulator tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24) functions in humans as a reader of dual histone marks by means of tandem plant homeodomain (PHD) and bromodomain (Bromo) regions. The three-dimensional structure of the PHD-Bromo region of TRIM24 revealed a single functional unit for combinatorial recognition of unmodified H3K4 (that is, histone H3 unmodified at lysine 4, H3K4me0) and acetylated H3K23 (histone H3 acetylated at lysine 23, H3K23ac) within the same histone tail. TRIM24 binds chromatin and oestrogen receptor to activate oestrogen-dependent genes associated with cellular proliferation and tumour development. Aberrant expression of TRIM24 negatively correlates with survival of breast cancer patients. The PHD-Bromo of TRIM24 provides a structural rationale for chromatin activation through a non-canonical histone signature, establishing a new route by which chromatin readers may influence cancer pathogenesis.

W Tsai; Z Wang; T Yiu; K Akdemir; W Xia; S Winter; C Tsai; X Shi; D Schwarzer; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

239

Search for signatures of extra dimensions in the diphoton mass spectrum at the Large Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect

A search for signatures of extra dimensions in the diphoton invariant-mass spectrum has been performed with the CMS detector at the LHC. No excess of events above the standard model expectation is observed using a data sample collected in proton-proton collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 fb{sup -1}. In the context of the large-extra-dimensions model, lower limits are set on the effective Planck scale in the range of 2.3-3.8 TeV at the 95% confidence level. These limits are the most restrictive bounds on virtual-graviton exchange to date. The most restrictive lower limits to date are also set on the mass of the first graviton excitation in the Randall-Sundrum model in the range of 0.86-1.84 TeV, for values of the associated coupling parameter between 0.01 and 0.10.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; Khachatryan, Vardan; Sirunyan, Albert M.; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; /Yerevan Phys. Inst. /Vienna, OAW /Minsk, High Energy Phys. Ctr. /Antwerp U., WISINF /Vrije U., Brussels /Brussels U. /Gent U. /Louvain U. /UMH, Mons /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Rio de Janeiro State U.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Solvent Extraction of Chemical Attribution Signature Compounds from Painted Wall Board: Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes work that developed a robust solvent extraction procedure for recovery of chemical attribution signature (CAS) compound dimethyl methyl phosphonate (DMMP) (as well as diethyl methyl phosphonate (DEMP), diethyl methyl phosphonothioate (DEMPT), and diisopropyl methyl phosphonate (DIMP)) from painted wall board (PWB), which was selected previously as the exposed media by the chemical attribution scientific working group (CASWG). An accelerated solvent extraction approach was examined to determine the most effective method of extraction from PWB. Three different solvent systems were examined, which varied in solvent strength and polarity (i.e., 1:1 dichloromethane : acetone,100% methanol, and 1% isopropanol in pentane) with a 1:1 methylene chloride : acetone mixture having the most robust and consistent extraction for four original target organophosphorus compounds. The optimum extraction solvent was determined based on the extraction efficiency of the target analytes from spiked painted wallboard as determined by gas chromatography x gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCxGC-MS) analysis of the extract. An average extraction efficiency of approximately 60% was obtained for these four compounds. The extraction approach was further demonstrated by extracting and detecting the chemical impurities present in neat DMMP that was vapor-deposited onto painted wallboard tickets.

Wahl, Jon H.; Colburn, Heather A.

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Spectroscopic signatures of proton transfer dynamics in the water dimer cation  

SciTech Connect

Using full dimensional EOM-IP-CCSD/aug-cc-pVTZ potential energy surfaces, the photoelectron spectrum, vibrational structure, and ionization dynamics of the water dimer radical cation, (H2O)+2, were computed. We also report an experimental photoelectron spectrum which is derived from photoionization efficiency measurements and compares favorably with the theoretical spectrum. The vibrational structure is also compared with the recent experimental work of Gardenier et al. [J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 4772 (2009)] and the recent theoretical calculations by Cheng et al. [J. Phys. Chem. A 113 13779 (2009)]. A reduced dimensionality nuclear Hamiltonian was used to compute the ionization dynamics for both the ground state and first excited state of the cation. The dynamics show markedly different behavior and spectroscopic signatures depending on which state of the cation is accessed by the ionization. Ionization to the ground-state cation surface induces a hydrogen transfer which is complete within 50 femtoseconds, whereas ionization to the first excited state results in a much slower process.

Kamarchik, Eugene; Kostko, Oleg; Bowman, Joel M.; Ahmed, Musahid; Krylov, Anna I.

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

242

Possible experimental signature of octupole correlations in the 0$^+_2$ states of the actinides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$J^{\\pi}$= 0$^+$ states have been investigated in the actinide nucleus ${}^{240}$Pu up to an excitation energy of 3 MeV with a high-resolution (p,t) experiment at $E_{p}$= 24 MeV. To test the recently proposed $J^{\\pi}$= 0$^+_2$ double-octupole structure, the phenomenological approach of the spdf-interacting boson model has been chosen. In addition, the total 0$^+$ strength distribution and the $0^+$ strength fragmentation have been compared to the model predictions as well as to the previously studied (p,t) reactions in the actinides. The results suggest that the structure of the 0$^+_2$ states in the actinides might be more complex than the usually discussed pairing isomers. Instead, the octupole degree of freedom might contribute significantly. The signature of two close-lying 0$^+$ states below the 2-quasiparticle energy is presented as a possible manifestation of strong octupole correlations in the structure of the 0$^+_2$ states in the actinides.

M. Spieker; D. Bucurescu; J. Endres; T. Faestermann; R. Hertenberger; S. Pascu; S. Skalacki; S. Weber; H. -F. Wirth; N. -V. Zamfir; A. Zilges

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

243

Environmental fate and transport of chemical signatures from buried landmines -- Screening model formulation and initial simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fate and transport of chemical signature molecules that emanate from buried landmines is strongly influenced by physical chemical properties and by environmental conditions of the specific chemical compounds. Published data have been evaluated as the input parameters that are used in the simulation of the fate and transport processes. A one-dimensional model developed for screening agricultural pesticides was modified and used to simulate the appearance of a surface flux above a buried landmine, estimate the subsurface total concentration, and show the phase specific concentrations at the ground surface. The physical chemical properties of TNT cause a majority of the mass released to the soil system to be bound to the solid phase soil particles. The majority of the transport occurs in the liquid phase with diffusion and evaporation driven advection of soil water as the primary mechanisms for the flux to the ground surface. The simulations provided herein should only be used for initial conceptual designs of chemical pre-concentration subsystems or complete detection systems. The physical processes modeled required necessary simplifying assumptions to allow for analytical solutions. Emerging numerical simulation tools will soon be available that should provide more realistic estimates that can be used to predict the success of landmine chemical detection surveys based on knowledge of the chemical and soil properties, and environmental conditions where the mines are buried. Additional measurements of the chemical properties in soils are also needed before a fully predictive approach can be confidently applied.

Phelan, J.M.; Webb, S.W.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Signatures in a Giant Radio Galaxy of a Cosmological Shock Wave at Intersecting Filaments of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensitive images of low-level, Mpc-sized radio cocoons offer new opportunities to probe large scale intergalactic gas flows outside clusters of galaxies. New radio images of high surface brightness sensitivity at strategically chosen wavelengths of the giant radio galaxy NGC 315 (Mack et al. 1997,1998) reveal significant asymmetries and particularities in the morphology, radio spectrum and polarization of the ejected radio plasma. We argue that the combination of these signatures provides a sensitive probe of an environmental shock wave. Analysis of optical redshifts in NGC 315 vicinity confirms its location to be near, or at a site of large-scale flow collisions in the 100 Mpc sized Pisces-Perseus Supercluster region. NGC 315 resides at the intersection of several galaxy filaments, and its radio plasma serves there as a `weather station' (Burns 1998) probing the flow of the elusive and previously invisible IGM gas. If our interpretation is correct, this is the first indication for a shock wave in flows caused by the cosmological large scale structure formation, which is located in a filament of galaxies. The possibility that the putative shock wave is a source of gamma-rays and ultra high energy cosmic rays is briefly discussed.

Torsten A. Ensslin; Patrick Simon; Peter L. Biermann; Ulrich Klein; Sven Kohle; Philipp P. Kronberg; Karl-Heinz Mack

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

245

Signature of burst particle precipitation on VLF signals propagating in the Antarctic earth-ionosphere waveguide  

SciTech Connect

The burst precipitation of energetic electrons ({ge} 40 keV), induced by interactions with lightning-generated whistler mode waves, has been observed to cause phase and amplitude perturbations on subionospheric VLF signals (Trimpi events). With a knowledge of the propagation characteristics of the subionospheric signal, analysis of the perturbation details can lead to estimates of the energy, extent, and location of the precipitation. Trimpi events have been observed on VLF signals propagating at high latitudes (L {ge} 4) over Antarctica, on 3.79-kHz signals as they propagate from Siple toward VLF receivers at Halley and South Pole stations. To simulate the effects of precipitation, localized depressions in the ionospheric reflection height are introduced over the great circle propagation paths in the model, and it is seen that, while the amplitude (up to 6 dB) Trimpi events at Halley cannot be reproduced. Calculations are presented which show that signals echoing from precipitation patches located away from the great circle path could be the cause of such signatures.

Cotton, P.D. (Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)); Smith, A.J. (Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge (United Kingdom))

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

ON THE POLARIMETRIC SIGNATURE OF EMERGING MAGNETIC LOOPS IN THE QUIET SUN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The abundance of Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe at the locations of emergence of {Omega}-shaped magnetic loops is evaluated. The emergence events were found in Hinode Solar Optical Telescope/spectro-polarimeter time sequences of quiet-Sun regions. Such a study has the aim of confirming a prediction based on the basic geometrical and physical properties of emerging magnetic loops: Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe are possibly the main polarimetric signature of these structures. In agreement with this prediction, 47% of the Stokes V profiles analyzed have an amplitude asymmetry |{delta}a| > 0.3, while in the quiet Sun the abundance is of about 30%. This excess with respect to the quiet Sun is found consistently for any value of the threshold on the amplitude asymmetry. Such a result proves the goodness of the physical scenarios so far proposed for the interpretation of loop emergence events and may prompt the use of Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe as a new proxy for their identification in observations with a good spectral sampling.

Viticchie, B., E-mail: Bartolomeo.Viticchie@esa.int [ESA/ESTEC RSSD, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

247

SIGNATURE OF DIFFERENTIAL ROTATION IN SUN-AS-A-STAR Ca II K MEASUREMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characterization of solar surface differential rotation (SDR) from disk-integrated chromospheric measurements has important implications for the study of differential rotation and dynamo processes in other stars. Some chromospheric lines, such as Ca II K, are very sensitive to the presence of activity on the disk and are an ideal choice for investigating SDR in Sun-as-a-star observations. Past studies indicate that when the activity is low, the determination of Sun's differential rotation from integrated-sunlight measurements becomes uncertain. However, our study shows that using the proper technique, SDR can be detected from these type of measurements even during periods of extended solar minima. This paper describes results from the analysis of the temporal variations of Ca II K line profiles observed by the Integrated Sunlight Spectrometer during the declining phase of Cycle 23 and the rising phase of Cycle 24, and discusses the signature of SDR in the power spectra computed from time series of parameters derived from these profiles. The methodology described is quite general, and could be applied to photometric time series of other main-sequence stars for detecting differential rotation.

Bertello, L.; Pietarila, A. [National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Pevtsov, A. A., E-mail: bertello@nso.edu, E-mail: apietarila@nso.edu, E-mail: pevtsov@noao.edu [National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Spectral signatures of photosynthesis II: coevolution with other stars and the atmosphere on extrasolar worlds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As photosynthesis on Earth produces the primary signatures of life that can be detected astronomically at the global scale, a strong focus of the search for extrasolar life will be photosynthesis, particularly photosynthesis that has evolved with a different parent star. We take planetary atmospheric compositions simulated by Segura, et al. (2003, 2005) for Earth-like planets around observed F2V and K2V stars, modeled M1V and M5V stars, and around the active M4.5V star AD Leo; our scenarios use Earth's atmospheric composition as well as very low O2 content in case anoxygenic photosynthesis dominates. We calculate the incident spectral photon flux densities at the surface of the planet and under water. We identify bands of available photosynthetically relevant radiation and find that photosynthetic pigments on planets around F2V stars may peak in absorbance in the blue, K2V in the red-orange, and M stars in the NIR, in bands at 0.93-1.1 microns, 1.1-1.4 microns, 1.5-1.8 microns, and 1.8-2.5 microns. In addition, we calculate wavelength restrictions for underwater organisms and depths of water at which they would be protected from UV flares in the early life of M stars. We estimate the potential productivity for both surface and underwater photosynthesis, for both oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis, and for hypothetical photosynthesis in which longer wavelength, multi-photosystem series are used.

Nancy Y. Kiang; Antigona Segura; Giovanna Tinetti; Govindjee; Robert E. Blankenship; Martin Cohen; Janet Siefert; David Crisp; Victoria S. Meadows

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

249

Spectral signatures of photosynthesis II: coevolution with other stars and the atmosphere on extrasolar worlds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As photosynthesis on Earth produces the primary signatures of life that can be detected astronomically at the global scale, a strong focus of the search for extrasolar life will be photosynthesis, particularly photosynthesis that has evolved with a different parent star. We take planetary atmospheric compositions simulated by Segura, et al. (2003, 2005) for Earth-like planets around observed F2V and K2V stars, modeled M1V and M5V stars, and around the active M4.5V star AD Leo; our scenarios use Earth's atmospheric composition as well as very low O2 content in case anoxygenic photosynthesis dominates. We calculate the incident spectral photon flux densities at the surface of the planet and under water. We identify bands of available photosynthetically relevant radiation and find that photosynthetic pigments on planets around F2V stars may peak in absorbance in the blue, K2V in the red-orange, and M stars in the NIR, in bands at 0.93-1.1 microns, 1.1-1.4 microns, 1.5-1.8 microns, and 1.8-2.5 microns. In additio...

Kiang, N Y; Tinetti, G; Blankenship, R E; Cohen, M; Siefert, J; Crisp, D; Meadows, V S; Kiang, Nancy Y.; Segura, Antigona; Tinetti, Giovanna; Blankenship, Robert E.; Cohen, Martin; Siefert, Janet; Crisp, David; Meadows, Victoria S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

On the Search for Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Signatures of 235U and 238U above 3 MeV  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear resonance fluorescence is a physical process that provides an isotope-specific signature that could be used for the identification and characterization of materials. The technique involves the detection of prompt discrete-energy photons emitted from a sample that is exposed to MeV-energy photons. Potential applications of the technique range from detection of high explosives to characterization of special nuclear materials such as 235U. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Passport Systems have collaborated to conduct a pair of measurements to search for a nuclear resonance fluorescence response of 235U above 3 MeV and of 238U above 5 MeV using an 8 g sample of highly enriched uranium and a 90 g sample of depleted uranium. No new signatures were observed. The minimum detectable integrated cross section for 235U is presented.

Warren, Glen A.; Caggiano, Joseph A.; Bertozzi, William; Korbly, Steve; Ledoux, Robert; Park, William H.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

2 Solar flare signatures of the ionospheric GPS total electron content 3 J. Y. Liu,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Solar flare signatures of the ionospheric GPS total electron content 3 J. Y. Liu,1,2 C. H. Lin,1, ionospheric solar flare effects on the total electron content (TEC) and 7 associated time rate of change (r. The occurrence times and 9 locations of 11 solar flares are isolated from the 1­8 A° X-ray radiations of the 10

Chen, Yuh-Ing

252

An Energy Signature Scheme for Steam Trap Assessment and Flow Rate Estimation Using Pipe-Induced Acoustic Measurements  

SciTech Connect

The US Congress has passed legislation dictating that all government agencies establish a plan and process for improving energy efficiencies at their sites. In response to this legislation, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has recently conducted a pilot study to explore the deployment of a wireless sensor system for a real-time measurement-based energy efficiency optimization framework within the steam distribution system within the ORNL campus. We make assessments on the real-time status of the distribution system by observing the state measurements of acoustic sensors mounted on the steam pipes/traps/valves. In this paper, we describe a spectral-based energy signature scheme that interprets acoustic vibration sensor data to estimate steam flow rates and assess steam traps health status. Experimental results show that the energy signature scheme has the potential to identify different steam trap health status and it has sufficient sensitivity to estimate steam flow rate. Moreover, results indicate a nearly quadratic relationship over the test region between the overall energy signature factor and flow rate in the pipe. The analysis based on estimated steam flow and steam trap status helps generate alerts that enable operators and maintenance personnel to take remedial action. The goal is to achieve significant energy-saving in steam lines by monitoring and acting on leaking steam pipes/traps/valves.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Lake, Joe E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Mercury's spin-orbit model and signature of its dynamical parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 3:2 spin-orbit resonance between the rotational and orbital motions of Mercury results from a functional dependance on a tidal friction adding to a non-zero eccentricity with a permanent asymmetry in the equatorial plane of the planet. The upcoming space missions, MESSENGER and BepiColombo with onboard instrumentation capable of measuring the Mercury's rotational parameters, stimulate the objective to attempt to an accurate theory of the planet's rotation. We have used our BJV relativistic model of solar system integration including the spin-orbit motion of the Moon. This model had been previously built in accordance with the requirements of the Lunar Laser Ranging observational accuracy. We extended this model to the spin-orbit couplings of the terrestrial planets including Mercury; the updated model is called SONYR (acronym of Spin-Orbit N-BodY Relativistic model). An accurate rotation of Mercury has been then obtained. Moreover, the conception of the SONYR model is suitable for analyzing the different families of hermean rotational librations. We accurately identify the non-linear relations between the rotation of Mercury and its dynamical figure (\\cmr2, $C_{20}$, and $C_{22}$). Notably, for a variation of 1% on the \\cmr2 value, signatures in the $\\phi$ hermean libration in longitude as well as in the $\\eta$ obliquity of the planet are respectively 0.45 arcseconds (as) and 2.4 milliarcseconds (mas). These determinations provide new constraints on the internal structure of Mercury to be discussed with the expected accuracy forecasted in the BepiColombo mission (respectively 3.2 and 3.7 as according to Milani et al 2001).

Nicolas Rambaux; Eric Bois

2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

Modeling of Emission Signatures of Massive Black Hole Binaries: I Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model the electromagnetic signatures of massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) with an associated gas component. The method comprises numerical simulations of relativistic binaries and gas coupled with calculations of the physical properties of the emitting gas. We calculate the UV/X-ray and the Halpha light curves and the Halpha emission profiles. The simulations are carried out with a modified version of the parallel tree SPH code Gadget. The heating, cooling, and radiative processes are calculated for two different physical scenarios, where the gas is approximated as a black-body or a solar metallicity gas. The calculation for the solar metallicity scenario is carried out with the photoionization code Cloudy. We focus on sub-parsec binaries which have not yet entered the gravitational radiation phase. The results from the first set of calculations, carried out for a coplanar binary and gas disk, suggest that there are pronounced outbursts in the X-ray light curve during pericentric passages. If such outbursts persist for a large fraction of the lifetime of the system, they can serve as an indicator of this type of binary. The predicted Halpha emission line profiles may be used as a criterion for selection of MBHB candidates from existing archival data. The orbital period and mass ratio of a binary may be inferred after carefully monitoring the evolution of the Halpha profiles of the candidates. The discovery of sub-parsec binaries is an important step in understanding of the merger rates of MBHBs and their evolution towards the detectable gravitational wave window.

Tamara Bogdanovic; Britton D. Smith; Steinn Sigurdsson; Michael Eracleous

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

255

Vibrational signatures of OTe and OTe-VCd in CdTe: A first principles study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 (2006) 035508] experimentally observed vibrational signatures related to defects in oxygen-doped CdTe using ultrahigh resolution Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. They observed an absorption peak at 350 cm{sup -1}. In addition, for samples grown under certain conditions, they observed two higher frequency peaks (1097 and 1108 cm{sup -1}) at low temperature that merged into one at room-temperature. They attributed the low-frequency peak (350 cm{sup -1}) to the vibration of O{sub Te} and the two higher frequency peaks to the vibrational modes of a O{sub Te}-V{sub Cd} complex. Subsequently, they reported similar modes around 1100 cm{sup -1} in O-doped CdSe [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 195502] which were attributed to an O{sub Se}-V{sub Cd} complex. We employed first-principles DFT calculations to calculate the vibrational modes of O{sub Te} and O{sub Te}-V{sub Cd} complex in CdTe. Our calculations show that the 350 cm{sup -1} mode is consistent with O{sub Te}. However, the frequencies of the modes around 1100 cm{sup -1} are more than twice the expected frequencies for O{sub Te}-V{sub Cd} complexes in CdTe (or O{sub Se}-V{sub Cd} in CdSe), indicating that the O{sub Te}-V{sub Cd} complex cannot be the cause of the observed 1100 cm{sup -1} modes. A search for a new defect model is in order.

Thienprasert, J.T. [Kasetsart University, Thailand; Limpijumnong, Sukit [Kasetsart University, Thailand; Janotti, Anderson [University of California, Santa Barbara; Van de Walle, C.G. [University of California, Santa Barbara; Zhang, Lijun [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Trigonometry of spacetimes: a new self-dual approach to a curvature/signature (in)dependent trigonometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method to obtain trigonometry for the real spaces of constant curvature and metric of any (even degenerate) signature is presented. The method encapsulates trigonometry for all these spaces into a single basic trigonometric group equation. This brings to its logical end the idea of an absolute trigonometry, and provides equations which hold true for the nine two-dimensional spaces of constant curvature and any signature. This family of spaces includes both relativistic and non-relativistic homogeneous spacetimes; therefore a complete discussion of trigonometry in the six de Sitter, minkowskian, Newton--Hooke and galilean spacetimes follow as particular instances of the general approach. Any equation previously known for the three classical riemannian spaces also has a version for the remaining six spacetimes; in most cases these equations are new. Distinctive traits of the method are universality and self-duality: every equation is meaningful for the nine spaces at once, and displays explicitly invariance under a duality transformation relating the nine spaces. The derivation of the single basic trigonometric equation at group level, its translation to a set of equations (cosine, sine and dual cosine laws) and the natural apparition of angular and lateral excesses, area and coarea are explicitly discussed in detail. The exposition also aims to introduce the main ideas of this direct group theoretical way to trigonometry, and may well provide a path to systematically study trigonometry for any homogeneous symmetric space.

Francisco J. Herranz; Ramon Ortega; Mariano Santander

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

257

Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite based indicators of inner core convection: 85 GHz ice scattering signature and lightning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key component in the maintenance and intensification of tropical cyclones is the transverse circulation, which transports mass and momentum and provides latent heat release via inner core convective updrafts. This study examines these updrafts indirectly, using satellite-borne observations of the scattering of upwelling microwave radiation by precipitation sized ice and satellite-borne observations of lightning. The observations are then compared to tropical cyclone intensity and the resulting relationships are assessed. The size of ice particles is tied to updraft strength, in that stronger updrafts produce more supercooled liquid water, leading to larger graupel through riming. Large graupel and a high supercooled liquid water content are necessary ingredients for charge separation, leading to lightning. Various parameters derived from the inner core ice scattering signature are computed for regions encircling hurricanes and typhoons, and observations of lightning activity or inactivity are analyzed. As expected, increasing ice scattering signature is found to correspond to increasing tropical cyclone intensity. However, the highest correlations do not involve indicators of convective intensity, as they were expected to. Instead, the highest correlations with tropical cyclone intensity result from the ice scattering signature parameters most closely associated with the areal extent of at least moderate precipitation rates. Correlations tend to be of the same sign for both present cyclone intensity at the time of the satellite overpass and subsequent intensity change. Correlations are higher for future cyclone intensity than for either of these. These correlations are much higher for the Atlantic and the Eastern North Pacific than for the Western North Pacific. It is hypothesized that processes involved with the most intense or rapidly intensifying tropical cyclones (more commonly found in the Western North Pacific) are responsible for these differences. The lightning observations are more limited than the microwave observations, because the short amount of time in which lightning can be detected may not adequately represent a particular storms electrical activity. These observations reveal no clear relationships between electrical activity and tropical cyclone intensity. In the examination of case studies, the paradoxical situation of much greater lightning activity in rainbands than in eyewalls is noted.

Cecil, Daniel Joseph

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Utah Water Research Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan UT 843228200, USA (801)7973172: FAX:(801)7973663  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equivalence and energy content relative to a reference state of water in the ice phase at 0 o C. This energy­based calculations of radiative, sensible, latent and advective heat exchanges. An equilibrium parameterization ideas from the many existing models and parameterize the processes involved in as simple, yet physically

Tarboton, David

259

Investigation of the signature of lung tissue in X-ray grating-based phase-contrast imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: Grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging is a promising modality increasing the soft tissue contrast in medical imaging. In this work, the signature of lung tissue in X-ray grating-based physe-contrast imaging is investigated. Methods: We used a Talbot-Lau interferometer for our investigations of two C57BL/6 mice. Both underwent projection imaging and computed tomography. Results: The results show that the three images obtained by X-ray phase-contrast imaging show complementary anatomical structures. Especially the dark field image allows a more-exact determination of the position of the lung in the chest cavity. Conclusion: Due to its sensitivity to granular structures, the dark field image may be used for the diagnosis of lung diseases in earlier stages or without a CT scan. Furthermore, X-ray phase-contrast imaging may also have great potential in the application of animal laboratory sciences to reduce the number of required animals used in long-term translational, toxicity, and regenerative med...

Weber, Thomas; Haas, Wilhelm; Pelzer, Georg; Rieger, Jens; Ritter, Andr; Wucherer, Lukas; Braun, Jan Matthias; Durst, Jrgen; Michel, Thilo; Anton, Gisela

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Three-Dimensional Simulations of Tidally Disrupted Solar-Type Stars and the Observational Signatures of Shock Breakout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a three-dimensional simulation of a $1 M_{\\odot}$ solar-type star approaching a $10^{6} M_{\\odot}$ black hole on a parabolic orbit with a pericenter distance well within the tidal radius. While falling towards the black hole, the star is not only stretched along the orbital direction but even more severely compressed at right angles to the orbit. The overbearing degree of compression achieved shortly after pericenter leads to the production of strong shocks which largely homogenize the temperature profile of the star, resulting in surface temperatures comparable to the initial temperature of the star's core. This phenomenon, which precedes the fallback accretion phase, gives rise to a unique double-peaked X-ray signature that, if detected, may be one of the few observable diagnostics of how stars behave under the influence of strong gravitational fields. If $\\sim 10^{6} M_{\\odot}$ black holes were prevalent in small or even dwarf galaxies, the nearest of such flares may be detectable by EXIST from no further away than the Virgo Cluster.

James Guillochon; Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz; Stephan Rosswog; Daniel Kasen

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Development of polymerase chain reaction primer sets for diagnosis of Lyme disease and for species-specific identification of Lyme disease isolates by 16S rRNA signature nucleotide analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polymerase chain reaction primer sets for diagnosis of Lyme disease and for species-specific identification of Lyme disease isolates by 16S rRNA signature nucleotide analysis.

R T Marconi; C F Garon; Richard T. Marconi; Claude; F. Garon

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

THERMAL SIGNATURES OF TETHER-CUTTING RECONNECTIONS IN PRE-ERUPTION CORONAL FLUX ROPES: HOT CENTRAL VOIDS IN CORONAL CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect

Using a three-dimensional MHD simulation, we model the quasi-static evolution and the onset of eruption of a coronal flux rope. The simulation begins with a twisted flux rope emerging at the lower boundary and pushing into a pre-existing coronal potential arcade field. At a chosen time the emergence is stopped with the lower boundary taken to be rigid. Then the coronal flux rope settles into a quasi-static rise phase during which an underlying, central sigmoid-shaped current layer forms along the so-called hyperbolic flux tube (HFT), a generalization of the X-line configuration. Reconnections in the dissipating current layer effectively add twisted flux to the flux rope and thus allow it to rise quasi-statically, even though the magnetic energy is decreasing as the system relaxes. We examine the thermal features produced by the current layer formation and the associated 'tether-cutting' reconnections as a result of heating and field aligned thermal conduction. It is found that a central hot, low-density channel containing reconnected, twisted flux threading under the flux rope axis forms on top of the central current layer. When viewed in the line of sight roughly aligned with the hot channel (which is roughly along the neutral line), the central current layer appears as a high-density vertical column with upward extensions as a {sup U-}shaped dense shell enclosing a central hot, low-density void. Such thermal features have been observed within coronal prominence cavities. Our MHD simulation suggests that they are the signatures of the development of the HFT topology and the associated tether-cutting reconnections, and that the central void grows and rises with the reconnections, until the flux rope reaches the critical height for the onset of the torus instability and dynamic eruption ensues.

Fan, Y. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3080 Center Green Drive, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

A DIP AFTER THE EARLY EMISSION OF SUPERLUMINOUS SUPERNOVAE: A SIGNATURE OF SHOCK BREAKOUT WITHIN DENSE CIRCUMSTELLAR MEDIA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The origin of superluminous supernovae (SLSNe), especially the source of their huge luminosities, has not been clarified yet. While a strong interaction between SN ejecta and dense circumstellar media (CSM) is a leading scenario, alternative models have been proposed. In this Letter, we suggest new diagnostics to discriminate the strong SN-CSM interaction scenario from the others: a decline in the luminosity ('dip') before the main peak of the light curve (LC). This dip is an unavoidable consequence of having a dense CSM within which the shock breakout occurs. If a dense CSM shell is located far at large radii from the progenitor inside, it takes time for the SN ejecta to reach it and the early LC can be powered by the SN ejecta before the collision. Once the SN ejecta collides with the dense CSM, the electron density and thus the Thomson scattering opacity suddenly increase. Photons are unable to go out of the shock even if there is a source of emission inside, which results in the dip in the LC. This dip is a solid prediction from the strong interaction scenario irrespective of power source for the early emission. Eventually, the forward shock breaks out from within the dense CSM, and the luminosity increases through continuous strong SN-CSM interaction, resulting in an SLSN. The possible dip observed in the hydrogen-poor SLSN, 2006oz, could be the first example of this signature and give support to the SN-CSM interaction as the power source of SLSN 2006oz.

Moriya, Takashi J.; Maeda, Keiichi, E-mail: takashi.moriya@ipmu.jp [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Modelling the X-ray polarimetric signatures of complex geometry: the case study of the "changing look" AGN NGC 1365  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Changing look" Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are a subset of Seyfert galaxies characterized by rapid transitions between Compton-thin and Compton-thick regimes. In their Compton-thin state, the central engine is less obscured, hence spectroscopy or timing observations can probe their innermost structures. However, it is not clear if the observed emission features and the Compton hump are associated with relativistic reflection onto the accretion disc, or complex absorption by distant, absorbing gas clouds passing by the observer's line-of-sight. Here, we investigate these two scenarios under the scope of X-ray polarimetry, providing the first polarisation predictions for an archetypal "changing look" AGN: NGC 1365. We explore the resulting polarisation emerging from lamp-post emission and scattering off an accretion disc in the immediate vicinity of a supermassive black hole. The computed polarisation signatures are compared to the results of an absorption-dominated model, where high column density gas partially covers the central source. While the shape of the polarisation spectrum is similar, the two models differ in net polarisation percentage, with the relativistic reflection scenario producing significantly stronger polarisation. Additionally, the variation of the polarisation position angle is distinctly different between both scenarios: the reflection-dominated model produces smooth rotations of the polarisation angle with photon energy whereas circumnuclear absorption causes an orthogonal switch of the polarisation angle between the soft and the hard X-ray bands. By comparing the predicted polarisation of NGC 1365 to the detectability levels of X-ray polarimetry mission concepts proposed in the past, we demonstrate that with a large, soft X-ray observatory or a medium-sized mission equipped with a hard (6 - 35 keV) polarimeter, the correct interpretation would be unambiguous.

Frederic Marin; Delphine Porquet; Rene W. Goosmann; Michal Dovciak; Fabio Muleri; Nicolas Grosso; Vladimir Karas

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

265

A Specific miRNA Signature Correlates With Complete Pathological Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNA molecules that can be down- or upregulated in colorectal cancer and have been associated to prognosis and response to treatment. We studied miRNA expression in tumor biopsies of patients with rectal cancer to identify a specific 'signature' correlating with pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Methods and Materials: A total of 38 T3-4/N+ rectal cancer patients received capecitabine-oxaliplatin and radiotherapy followed by surgery. Pathologic response was scored according to the Mandard TRG scale. MiRNA expression was analyzed by microarray and confirmed by real-time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) on frozen biopsies obtained before treatment. The correlation between miRNA expression and TRG, coded as TRG1 (pCR) vs. TRG >1 (no pCR), was assessed by methods specifically designed for this study. Results: Microarray analysis selected 14 miRNAs as being differentially expressed in TRG1 patients, and 13 were confirmed by qRT-PCR: 11 miRNAs (miR-1183, miR-483-5p, miR-622, miR-125a-3p, miR-1224-5p, miR-188-5p, miR-1471, miR-671-5p, miR-1909 Asterisk-Operator , miR-630, miR-765) were significantly upregulated in TRG1 patients, 2 (miR-1274b, miR-720) were downexpressed. MiR-622 and miR-630 had a 100% sensitivity and specificity in selecting TRG1 cases. Conclusions: A set of 13 miRNAs is strongly associated with pCR and may represent a specific predictor of response to chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer patients.

Della Vittoria Scarpati, Giuseppina [Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Falcetta, Francesca [Laboratory of Cancer Pharmacology, Department of Oncology, 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan (Italy); Carlomagno, Chiara, E-mail: chiara.carlomagno@unina.it [Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Ubezio, Paolo; Marchini, Sergio [Laboratory of Cancer Pharmacology, Department of Oncology, 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan (Italy); De Stefano, Alfonso [Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Singh, Vijay Kumar [Cancer Genomics Laboratory, Fondazione 'Edo ed Elvo Tempia Valenta', Biella (Italy); D'Incalci, Maurizio [Laboratory of Cancer Pharmacology, Department of Oncology, 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan (Italy); De Placido, Sabino [Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Pepe, Stefano [Division of Oncology, University of Salerno (Italy)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Digital Signature Standard (DSS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The transition plan allows Federal agencies and vendors to make a smooth ... obtained whether the data was received in a transmission or retrieved ...

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

267

Original Signature On File  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subject: Transmittal of CBFO Final Audit Report A-09-12 , Los Alamos National Laboratory Central Characterization Project TRU Waste Characterization and Certification Dear...

268

Gamma/neutron analysis for SNM signatures at high-data rates(greater than 107 cps) for single-pulse active interrogation  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a high data gamma/neutron spectrometer suitable for active interrogation of special nuclear materials (SNM) activated by a single burst from an intense source. We have tested the system at Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL) Mercury pulsed-power facility at distances approaching 10 meters from a depleted uranium (DU) target. We have found that the gamma-ray field in the target room 'disappears' 10 milliseconds after the x-ray flash, and that gamma ray spectroscopy will then be dominated by isomeric states/beta decay of fission products. When a polyethylene moderator is added to the DU target, a time-dependent signature of the DU is produced by thermalized neutrons. We observe this signature in gamma-spectra measured consecutively in the 0.1-1.0 ms time range. These spectra contain the Compton edge line (2.2 MeV) from capture in hydrogen, and a continuous high energy gamma-spectrum from capture or fission in minority constituents of the DU.

Forman L.; Dioszegi, I.; Salwen, C.

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

PERSISTENT DOPPLER SHIFT OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED WITH HINODE/EIS IN THE SOLAR CORONA: SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNATURES OF ALFVENIC WAVES AND RECURRING UPFLOWS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using data obtained by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode, we have performed a survey of obvious and persistent (without significant damping) Doppler shift oscillations in the corona. We have found mainly two types of oscillations from February to April in 2007. One type is found at loop footpoint regions, with a dominant period around 10 minutes. They are characterized by coherent behavior of all line parameters (line intensity, Doppler shift, line width, and profile asymmetry), and apparent blueshift and blueward asymmetry throughout almost the entire duration. Such oscillations are likely to be signatures of quasi-periodic upflows (small-scale jets, or coronal counterpart of type-II spicules), which may play an important role in the supply of mass and energy to the hot corona. The other type of oscillation is usually associated with the upper part of loops. They are most clearly seen in the Doppler shift of coronal lines with formation temperatures between one and two million degrees. The global wavelets of these oscillations usually peak sharply around a period in the range of three to six minutes. No obvious profile asymmetry is found and the variation of the line width is typically very small. The intensity variation is often less than 2%. These oscillations are more likely to be signatures of kink/Alfven waves rather than flows. In a few cases, there seems to be a {pi}/2 phase shift between the intensity and Doppler shift oscillations, which may suggest the presence of slow-mode standing waves according to wave theories. However, we demonstrate that such a phase shift could also be produced by loops moving into and out of a spatial pixel as a result of Alfvenic oscillations. In this scenario, the intensity oscillations associated with Alfvenic waves are caused by loop displacement rather than density change. These coronal waves may be used to investigate properties of the coronal plasma and magnetic field.

Tian Hui; McIntosh, Scott W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); De Pontieu, Bart [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover St., Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Innes, Davina E.; Peter, Hardi, E-mail: htian@ucar.edu [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

270

Thunderstorm characteristics of cloud-to-ground lightning at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida: a study of lightning initiation signatures as indicated by Doppler radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sum-nary of lightning characteristics was developed for the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). From-n a 1989-1996 data set, the spatial patterns, temporal patterns, and first stroke mean peak current were analyzed. Forty five thunderstorms were chosen due to their isolated development over KSC. Forty of the storms representing summer (May through September) airmass thunderstorms and five storms representing winter were examined for their storms-n initiation characteristics. Radar reflectivity echoes at the -10 C,-15 C, and-20 C temperature heights were associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning strike locations from the National Lightning Detection Network. A distinct region of high ground flash densities can be seen over land matching the topography of the KSC coastline. A maximum of values was observed during the summer months for both negative and positive flashes. The absolute i-magnitude of negative peak currents was found to be higher than positive peak currents in Florida. Although thunderstorms can Occur at any time during the day, the diurnal distribution of lightning flashes showed that the afternoon (2000-2200 UTC) was the time of maximum lightning activity. From a time history of radar-echoes, it was found that the 30 dBZ echo detected at the-I 5'C temperature height is the best indicator of the beginning of CG lightning activity. The observed median lag time between this lightning initiation signature and the beginning of CG lightning flashes was 15.5 minutes. Other lightning initiation signatures were also examined at all three temperature heights and did not yield as successful results.

Gremillion, Michael Shane

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Persistent Doppler shift oscillations observed with HINODE/EIS in the solar corona: spectroscopic signatures of Alfvenic waves and recurring upflows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using data obtained by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) onboard Hinode, we have per- formed a survey of obvious and persistent (without significant damping) Doppler shift oscillations in the corona. We have found mainly two types of oscillations from February to April in 2007. One type is found at loop footpoint regions, with a dominant period around 10 minutes. They are characterized by coherent behavior of all line parameters (line intensity, Doppler shift, line width and profile asymmetry), apparent blue shift and blueward asymmetry throughout almost the en- tire duration. Such oscillations are likely to be signatures of quasi-periodic upflows (small-scale jets, or coronal counterpart of type-II spicules), which may play an important role in the supply of mass and energy to the hot corona. The other type of oscillation is usually associated with the upper part of loops. They are most clearly seen in the Doppler shift of coronal lines with forma- tion temperatures between one and two million degrees. The ...

Tian, Hui; Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon; De Pontieu, Bart; Innes, Davina E; Peter, Hardi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

UtahWaterResearchLaboratoryUtahWaterResearchLaboratory Utah Water Research Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan UT 84322-8200, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equivalence and energy content relative to a reference state of water in the ice phase at 0oC. This energy-based calculations of radiative, sensible, latent and advective heat exchanges. An equilibrium parameterization ideas from the many existing models and parameterize the processes involved in as simple, yet physically

Tarboton, David

273

THE CHEMICAL SIGNATURE OF A RELIC STAR CLUSTER IN THE SEXTANS DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXY-IMPLICATIONS FOR NEAR-FIELD COSMOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

We present tentative evidence for the existence of a dissolved star cluster at [Fe/H] = -2.7 in the Sextans dwarf spheroidal galaxy. We use the technique of chemical tagging to identify stars that are highly clustered in a multi-dimensional chemical abundance space (C-space). In a sample of six stars, three, possibly four, stars are identified as potential cluster stars. The initial stellar mass of the parent cluster is estimated from two independent observations to be M{sub *,init}=1.9{sup +1.5}{sub -0.9}(1.6{sup +1.2}{sub -0.8}) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} M{sub sun}, assuming a Salpeter (Kroupa) initial mass function. If corroborated by follow-up spectroscopy, this star cluster is the most metal-poor system identified to date. Chemical signatures of remnant clusters in dwarf galaxies like Sextans provide us with a very powerful probe to the high-redshift universe. From available observational data, we argue that the average star cluster mass in the majority of the newly discovered ultra-faint dwarf galaxies was notably lower than it is in the Galaxy today and possibly lower than in the more luminous, classical dwarf spheroidal galaxies. Furthermore, the mean cumulative metallicity function of the dwarf spheroidals falls below that of the ultra-faints, which increases with increasing metallicity as predicted from our stochastic chemical evolution model. These two findings, together with a possible difference in the ([Mg/Fe]) ratio suggest that the ultra-faint dwarf galaxy population, or a significant fraction thereof, and the dwarf spheroidal population were formed in different environments and would thus be distinct in origin.

Karlsson, Torgny [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Bland-Hawthorn, Joss [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Freeman, Ken C. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston ACT 2611 (Australia); Silk, Joe, E-mail: torgny.karlsson@physics.uu.se [Physics Department, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Tectonic signatures on active margins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Holocene shelf sedimentation offshore La Jolla, California.selected perspective views offshore San Diego, California.and selected perspective views offshore greater Los Angeles,

Hogarth, Leah Jolynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Tectonic signatures on active margins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

369-382. Paine, J.G. , 1993. Subsidence of the Texas coast:56 Figure 4.2 Uplift and Subsidence Rates Along thedepth and by tectonic subsidence. Contrary to many of the

Hogarth, Leah Jolynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Signature Page.........................................................................................................iii Dedication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ii The dissertation of Suzanne Noelle Lyons is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication on microfilm:

Yehuda Bock; Kevin Brown; Robert Parker

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Geographic signatures for semantic retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographic Information Retrieval (GIR) systems rely on the identification and disambiguation of place names in documents to determine the region about which they are relevant. The place names are mapped into geographic concepts and used to assign an ... Keywords: NER, conditional random fields, geographic information retrieval, semantic similarity

David S. Batista; Mrio J. Silva; Francisco M. Couto; Bibek Behera

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Managing Data-Poor Fisheries Workshop: Case Studies, Models and Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oral histories of fishermen Yamanaka and Logan, abstract ? Data collection utilizing electronic technology o On board

Starr, Richard M.; Culver, Carolynn S.; Pomeroy, Caroline

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A signature-based search for delayed photons in exclusive photon plus missing transverse energy events from $p \\bar{p}$ collisions with $\\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first signature-based search for delayed photons using an exclusive photon plus missing transverse energy final state. Events are reconstructed in a data sample from the CDF II detector corresponding to $6.3 \\text{fb}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity from $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV proton-antiproton collisions. Candidate events are selected if they contain a photon with an arrival time in the detector larger than expected from a promptly-produced photon. The mean number of events from standard model sources predicted by the data-driven background model based on the photon timing distribution is $286 \\pm 24$. A total of 322 events are observed. A $p$-value of 12% is obtained, showing consistency of the data with standard model predictions.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. De Barbaro; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; M. d'Errico; F. Devoto; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; R. Eusebi; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernndez Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. Gonzlez Lpez; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. J. Kim; Y. K. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Luc; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martnez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; A. Pranko; F. Prokoshin; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernndez; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; P. Sinervo; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; H. Song; V. Sorin; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; B. Stelzer; O. Stelzer-Chilton; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vzquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizn; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; A. Warburton; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Search for VH $\\bf\\to$ VWW Standard Model \\\\ Higgs Production in the Trilepton Signature\\\\ with $\\bf5.9\\fb$ of Data from $\\bf\\ppbar$ Collisions \\\\ at $\\bf\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ GeV  

SciTech Connect

We present here the search for Standard Model VH {yields} VWW {yields} lll + E{sub T} (missing energy due to neutrinos) production, where V is a W or Z weak vector boson, which uses up to 5.9 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. This analysis has recently added to the CDF high-mass Higgs group three new signal topologies characterized by a tri-lepton signature, which are chosen to isolate the VH {yields} VWW associated production signals in the three-lepton signature. As such, we define three new regions for a WH analysis, a ZH 1-jet analysis, and a ZH {ge} 2-jet analysis with which we expect to contribute an additional {approx} 5.8% (for m{sub H} = 165 GeV) acceptance to the current H {yields} WW dilepton analysis. The ZH trilepton regions are defined by events passing a Z-boson selection: events having at least one lepton pairing (among three possible pairings) with opposite sign, same flavor, and a dilepton invariant mass within [76.0, 106.0] GeV - a {+-} 15 GeV window around the Z-boson mass. The WH trilepton region is then defined as the set of trilepton events that are complement to those chosen by the Z-boson selection. These three new event topologies make a substantial contribution to the H {yields} WW group result. As a measure of the sensitivity of this search, we compute the median expected limit on the at 95% confidence level ('C.L.') on the production cross section (effectively the rate of production) for a Standard Model Higgs boson and report the result as a ratio to the theoretical production cross section. An observed limit ratio of one or less at a given mass would rule out the production of a Standard Model Higgs boson at that mass with 95% confidence. At m{sub H} = 165 GeV, the WH analysis expected limits reach 7.2 times the standard model cross section; the ZH 1-jet analysis is set at 29 times the expected standard model cross section; the ZH {ge} 2-jet analysis is set at 9.9 times the expected standard model cross section; and the combined trilepton analysis is set at 4.9 times the expected standard model cross section. We announce that the combination of this trilepton VH {yields} VWW Higgs boson search and the previous CDF dilepton H {yields} WW search achieves an expected median limit of 1.00 at 165 GeV/c{sup 2}. The expected median limit of 1.00 indicates we anticipate a 50% probability of ruling out the existence of a Standard Model Higgs boson with a mass of 165 GeV/c{sup 2}. This is the first time a single hadron collider experiment has achieved sensitivity to the production of a Standard Model Higgs boson. We do not see evidence for a significant signal of Higgs bosons in the data and place observed limits on the production of a Standard Model Higgs boson of 165 GeV/c{sup 2} at 1.08 times Standard Model production cross section.

Nett, Jason Michael; /Wisconsin U., Madison

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Case studies - combinatorial and pairwise testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Rich Web Applications. Logan, UT: Utah State Univ (2012). Compared exhaustive (discretized values) w/ CT. 2-way tests ...

282

NIST Releases Updates to Digital Signature Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a revision to the digital standard used to ensure the integrity of electronic ...

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

283

Mesoscale Wind Signatures along the Carolina Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coastal winds immediately offshore of North and South Carolina often exhibit a mesoscale diffluentconfluent pattern that appears to be governed by the coastal configuration and oceanic thermal field. The stationary pattern roughly parallels the ...

Allen J. Riordan; Yuh-Lang Lin

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Barcelona, (data / fecha / date) ......................................... Signatura / Firma / Signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ............................................................................................................. NIF o Nº Passaport / NIF o Nº Pasaporte/ NIF or Passport Nr: ................................. Data de

Geffner, Hector

285

Indirect signatures for axion(-like) particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic field dependent transient solar observations are suggestive for axion-photon oscillations with light axion(-like) particle involvement. Novel dark-moon measurements with the SMART X-ray detectors can be conclusive for radiatively decaying massive exotica like the generic solar Kaluza-Klein (KK) axions. Furthermore, the predicted intrinsic strong solar magnetic fields could be the reason of enhanced low energy axion production. Such an axion component could be the as yet unknown origin of the strong quiet Sun X-ray luminosity at energies below ? 1 keV. Solar axion telescopes should lower their threshold, aiming to copy processes that might occur near the solar surface, be it due to spontaneous or magnetically induced radiative decay of axion(-like) particles. This is motivated also by the recent claim of an axion-like particle detection by the laser experiment PVLAS. 2 1

K. Zioutas; K. Dennerl; M. Gr; D. H. H. Hoffmann; J. Huovelin; B. Laki?; S. Orl; A. Ortiz; Th. Papaevangelou; Y. Semertzidis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The original signatures are maintained on file  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... JEA's water and wastewater operation consists of ... non- regional sewer treatment plants comprise ... by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ...

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

287

Finite-Time Singularity Signature of Hyperinflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel analysis extending the recent work of Mizuno et al. [2002] on the hyperinflations of Germany (1920/1/1-1923/11/1), Hungary (1945/4/30-1946/7/15), Brazil (1969-1994), Israel (1969-1985), Nicaragua (1969-1991), Peru (1969-1990) and Bolivia (1969-1985). On the basis of a generalization of Cagan's model of inflation based on the mechanism of ``inflationary expectation'' or positive feedbacks between realized growth rate and people's expected growth rate, we find that hyperinflations can be characterized by a power law singularity culminating at a critical time $t_c$. Mizuno et al.'s double-exponential function can be seen as a discrete time-step approximation of our more general nonlinear ODE formulation of the price dynamics which exhibits a finite-time singular behavior. This extension of Cagan's model, which makes natural the appearance of a critical time $t_c$, has the advantage of providing a well-defined end of the clearly unsustainable hyperinflation regime. We find an excellent and reliable agreement between theory and data for Germany, Hungary, Peru and Bolivia. For Brazil, Israel and Nicaragua, the super-exponential growth seems to be already contaminated significantly by the existence of a cross-over to a stationary regime.

D. Sornette; H. Takayasu; W. -X. Zhou

2003-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

Signatures of confinement in axial gauge QCD  

SciTech Connect

A comparative dynamical study of axial gauge QED and QCD is presented. Elementary excitations associated with particular field configurations are investigated. Gluonic excitations analogous to linearly polarized photons are shown to acquire infinite energy. Suppression of this class of excitations in QCD results from quantization of the chromo-electric flux and is interpreted as a dual Meissner effect, i.e., as expulsion from the QCD vacuum of chromo-electric fields which are constant over significant distances. This interpretation is supported by a comparative evaluation of the interaction energy of static charges in the axial gauge representation of QED and QCD. {copyright} 1995 Academic Press, Inc.

Lenz, F. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)]|[Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Moniz, E.J. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)]|[Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Thies, M. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Passive object recognition using intrinsic shape signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Agile Robotics Group (AR) at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratories (CSAIL) has an autonomous, forklift capable of doing task planning, navigation, obstacle detection and avoidance, focused ...

Donahue, Kenneth M. (Kenneth Michael)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Authorized Signature Title Asset Transfer Authorization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of CREF, simply indicate "TIAA-CREF" below. For all other transfers, please provide the company's address separate forms. (This form cannot be used for TIAA Basic RA transfers. Please contact TIAA for form F6969

McGaughey, Alan

291

(Original Signature of Member) 109TH CONGRESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Sec. 602. Fossil research and development. Sec. 603. Oil and gas research and development. Sec. 604--Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Resources Sec. 611. Program authority. Sec. 612. Ultra-deepwater Program. Sec. 613. Unconventional natural gas and other petroleum resources Program. Sec. 614. Additional

292

Entropy signature of the running cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renormalization group (RG) improved cosmologies based upon a RG trajectory of Quantum Einstein Gravity (QEG) with realistic parameter values are investigated using a system of cosmological evolution equations which allows for an unrestricted energy exchange between the vacuum and the matter sector. It is demonstrated that the scale dependence of the gravitational parameters, the cosmological constant in particular, leads to an entropy production in the matter system. The picture emerges that the Universe started out from a state of vanishing entropy, and that the radiation entropy observed today is essentially due to the coarse graining (RG flow) in the quantum gravity sector which is related to the expansion of the Universe. Furthermore, the RG improved field equations are shown to possess solutions with an epoch of power law inflation immediately after the initial singularity. The inflation is driven by the cosmological constant and ends automatically once the RG running has reduced the vacuum energy to the...

Bonanno, Alfio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Higgs Boson Signatures of MSSM Electroweak Baryogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electroweak baryogenesis in the MSSM can account for the cosmological baryon asymmetry, but only with a very light scalar top and a SM-like Higgs boson. We investigate the effects of this light scalar top on Higgs boson production and decay. Relative to the standard model Higgs boson, we find a large enhancement of the Higgs production rate through gluon fusion and a suppression of the Higgs branching fraction into photon pairs. These modifications in the properties of the Higgs boson are large enough that they can potentially be tested at the Tevatron and the LHC.

Menon, Arjun; Morrissey, David

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

294

Cancer Cell A Transcriptional Signature and Common  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As in atherosclerosis, oxidized LDL and its receptor OLR1 activate the inflammatory pathway through NF-kB, leading, 2006; De Marzo et al., 2007; Naugler and Karin, 2008; Pierce et al., 2009). Constitutively active NF-kB, and mouse models provide evidence for a causative role of NF-kB in malignant conversion and progression

Bulyk, Martha L.

295

Infra-red signature neutron detector  

SciTech Connect

A method of detecting an activator, the method including impinging with an activator a receptor material that includes a photoluminescent material that generates infrared radiation and generating a by-product of a nuclear reaction due to the activator impinging the receptor material. The method further includes generating light from the by-product via the Cherenkov effect, wherein the light activates the photoluminescent material so as to generate the infrared radiation. Identifying a characteristic of the activator based on the infrared radiation.

Bell, Zane William (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn Allen (Oak Ridge, TN)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

296

ACOUSTIC SIGNATURES OF THE HELIUM CORE FLASH  

SciTech Connect

All evolved stars with masses M {approx}< 2 M{sub Sun} undergo an initiating off-center helium core flash in their M{sub c} Almost-Equal-To 0.48 M{sub Sun} He core as they ascend the red giant branch (RGB). This off-center flash is the first of a few successive helium shell subflashes that remove the core electron degeneracy over 2 Myr, converting the object into a He-burning star. Though characterized by Thomas over 40 years ago, this core flash phase has yet to be observationally probed. Using the Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (MESA) code, we show that red giant asteroseismology enabled by space-based photometry (i.e., Kepler and CoRoT) can probe these stars during the flash. The rapid ({approx}< 10{sup 5} yr) contraction of the red giant envelope after the initiating flash dramatically improves the coupling of the p-modes to the core g-modes, making the detection of l = 1 mixed modes possible for these 2 Myr. This duration implies that 1 in 35 stars near the red clump in the H-R diagram will be in their core flash phase. During this time, the star has a g-mode period spacing of {Delta}P{sub g} Almost-Equal-To 70-100 s, lower than the {Delta}P{sub g} Almost-Equal-To 250 s of He-burning stars in the red clump, but higher than the RGB stars at the same luminosity. This places them in an underpopulated part of the large frequency spacing ({Delta}{nu}) versus {Delta}P{sub g} diagram that should ease their identification among the thousands of observed red giants.

Bildsten, Lars; Paxton, Bill; Moore, Kevin; Macias, Phillip J. [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Signatures and Observables | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

298

Warren RECC- Electric Water Heater Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Warren Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation (RECC) provides service to customers in the south-central Kentucky counties of Ohio, Butler, Grayson, Edmonson, Warren, Simpson, Logan and Barren. Upon...

299

NREL: Energy Analysis - Sandra Reategui Halvatzis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green power marketing Education and background training M.S. in applied economics, Utah State University, Logan, UT, 2007 B.A. in journalismmarketing, Utah State University,...

300

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

results. Download CX-005114: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fleming Substation Transformer Replacement, Fleming, Logan County, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 12202010...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

CX-005114: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-005114: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fleming Substation Transformer Replacement, Fleming, Logan County, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 12202010...

302

Colorado | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 20, 2010 CX-005114: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fleming Substation Transformer Replacement, Fleming, Logan County, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 12202010...

303

Learning by Doing, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. Thesis on Quantum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some projects include fabrication of a photovoltaic cell and construction of a solar water heater. Outside of campus labs, Logan has also been a leader in Cal

304

Colorado Energy Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Office Jump to: navigation, search Name Colorado Energy Office Address 1580 Logan Street, Suite 100 Place Denver, CO Zip 80203 Website http:www.colorado.govenergy...

305

West Kentucky Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Hickman, Hopkins, Livingston, Logan, Lyon, Marshall, McCracken, McLean, Muhlenberg, Ohio, Simpson, Todd, Trigg, Union, Warren, Webster. The following counties in Illinois:...

306

West Kentucky Regional Middle School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Fulton, Hickman, Carlisle, Ballard, McCracken, Graves, Livingston, Calloway, Daviess, Ohio, Butler, Muhlenberg, Warren, Allen, Simpson, Logan, Todd, Christian, Trigg, Marshall,...

307

Cross flow filtration for mixed-culture algae harvesting for municipal wastewater lagoons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The transesterification of lipids extracted from algae makes up the third generation of biodiesel production. The city of Logan, Utah proposes that the algae (more)

Wilson, Misheka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Cross Flow Filtration for Mixed-Culture Algae Harvesting for Municipal Wastewater Lagoons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The transesterification of lipids extracted from algae makes up the third generation of biodiesel production. The city of Logan, Utah, proposes that the algae (more)

Wilson, Misheka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

EIS-0284: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proof-of-Concept Project, Construction and Operation of a 91-Megawatt Electric Power Plant, Elkhart, Logan County, Illinois DOEEIS-0284, Environmental Protection Agency,...

310

Removal and Utilization of Wastewater Nutrients for Algae Biomass and Biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Logan City Environmental Department operates a facility that consists of 460 acres of fairly shallow lagoons (~ 5'deep) for biological wastewater treatment that meets (more)

Griffiths, Erick W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

RCIBI Research Staff  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Staff David Alexoff Benjamin Babst Anat Biegon Richard A. Ferrieri Joanna S. Fowler Andrew Gifford Jacob Hooker Sung Won Kim Dohyun Kim Jean Logan David J. Schlyer...

312

How Ritalin Works  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Andrew Gifford, and Dinko Franceschi of Brookhaven's Medical Department, and Joanna Fowler, Jean Logan, Madina Gerasimov, and Yu-Shin Ding of Brookhaven's Chemistry Department....

313

November 23, 1999  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E: Pre-Construction Avian Surveys and Risk Assessment Haxtun Wind Project Logan and Phillips Counties, Colorado PRE -CONST RUCTION AVIAN SURVEY AND RISK ASSESSMENT Haxtun Wind...

314

EA-1611: Mitigation Action Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mitigation Action Plan EA-1611: Mitigation Action Plan Colorado Highlands Wind Project, Logan County, Colorado Colorado Highlands Wind LLC applied to Western Area Power...

315

Biased chromatin signatures around polyadenylation sites and exons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Core RNA-processing reactions in eukaryotic cells occur cotranscriptionally in a chromatin context, but the relationship between chromatin structure and pre-mRNA processing is poorly understood. We observed strong nucleosome ...

Spies, Noah Walter Benjamin

316

Some approaches for analysis of ballistics signatures using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Designed Experiment) 12 new guns: 4 Ruger, 4 Smith-Wesson, 4 Sig Sauer ... sample size, or if you don't have round-robin comparisons.) 11 ...

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

317

Mesocyclone and Microburst Signature Distortion with Dual PRT Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model is used to illustrate the limitations of dual pulse repetition time (PRT) radars for measurements of wind fields with strong horizontal wind gradients. In such conditions, errors may occur even if the radial velocity measurements ...

Peter T. May

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documents & Publications iManage Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System (STRIPES) PIA, Office of Procurement and Assistance Management Integrated Safety Management...

319

Microsoft Word - Memorandum for the Under Secretary for Greg's Signature  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alert on Environmental Alert on Environmental Management's Select Strategy for Disposition of Savannah River Site Depleted Uranium Oxides OAS-RA-10-07 April 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 April 9, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE UNDER SECRETARY OF ENERGY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Management Alert on Environmental Management's Select Strategy for Disposition of Savannah River Site Depleted Uranium Oxides BACKGROUND The Administration and the Congress, through policy statements and passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act), have signaled that they hope that proactive actions by agency Inspectors General will help ensure that Federal Recovery Act

320

Microsoft Word - Final Report with Greg Electronic Signature  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspection Report Organizational Conflicts of Interest Program at Sandia National Laboratories DOE/IG-0853 July 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 July 13, 2011 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Organizational Conflicts of Interest Program at Sandia National Laboratories" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is a multi-program national security laboratory managed and operated under contract by Sandia Corporation, a subsidiary of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NIST Super-Sensors to Measure 'Signature' of Inflationary ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 10 billion times hotter than the energies attainable by ... the early distributions of matter and energy that evolved into the stars and galaxies of ...

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

322

Device Captures Signatures with Tiny Piezo-Phototronic LEDs ...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

& Testimony Recovery Act Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 08.13.13 Device...

323

Structural signatures of antibiotic binding sites on the ribosome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that this pocket could be a good candidate for a novel drug. CONCLUSIONS In an attempt to better understand the atomic and struc- tural features that could elucidate the druggability of ABSs on the ribosome, we

Mandel-Gutfreund, Yael

324

String Gas Shells, their Dual Radiation and Hedgehog Signature Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for spherically symmetric, stationary solutions with a string gas shell as a source. The requirement of a uniform newtonian potential, or constancy of the 00 component of the metric, implies the existence of a "dual" radiation, which we argue can be interpreted as representing the virtual quantum fluctuations that stabilize the shell. A string hedgehog can be introduced also into the solution. For zero or small hedgehog strength the string gas shell is of a regular nature, while the dual radiation is of a spacelike nature. For higher hedgehog strengths however the radiation "materializes" and becomes timelike while the string gas shell becomes space like. The significance of these solutions for the quantum theory is discussed.

E. I. Guendelman

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electric Field Reversal in Sprite Electric Field Signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In measurements of the electric field associated with the current of a sprite 450 km from ground-based field sensors, it was observed that the sign of the electric field was positive when positive charge was lowered from the ionosphere. A recent ...

Richard G. Sonnenfeld; William W. Hager

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Spectral Signatures of the Pentagonal Water Cluster in Bacteriorhodopsin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exchange of protons between basic and acidic groups within proteins often involves transient protonation of amino acids and water molecules embedded in the protein matrix. One of the best studied proteins in this respect is Bacteriorohodopsin (BR), which works in the membrane of Halobacterium salinarium as a light-driven proton pump. The pumping process is triggered in the initial bR state by a photon absorption of an all-trans retinylidene chromophore, which is linked via a protonated Schiff base (pRSB) to the sidechain of Lys216. The subsequent photocycle comprises a series of intermediate states J, K, L, M, N and O, which are characterized by conformational and absorbance changes of the chromophore accompanying several elementary proton transfer processes. Upon completion of the photocycle one net proton has been transferred from the cyctoplasmic to the extracellular side against the proton gradient across the membrane. These proton exchange reactions can be monitored by time resolved infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the BR wild type and site specific mutants, which allow the localization of absorbance changes within the protein. Furthermore, these measurements have revealed the fundamental importance of internal water molecules in these processes as supported by recent large-scale QM/MM molecular dynamics studies of anharmonic IR spectra.

Baer, M; Mathias, G; Kuo, I W; Tobias, D J; Mundy, C J; Marx, D

2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

327

Nuclear Spirals as Signatures of Supermassive Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent high resolution images of spiral galaxies show wide varieties of features including nuclear spirals in the central parts. Some of the galaxies show grand-design nuclear spirals. The morphology of grand-design spirals can be further divided by the openness of the arms: tightly wound ones with winding angle of around 3$\\pi$ radian and open spirals with winding angle of around $\\pi$ radian. Based on hydrodynamical simulations, we have investigated the mechanism responsible for the openness of nuclear spirals. Since the gas flow in the nuclear region is mainly governed by the central mass concentration near the nuclei and the sound speed of the gas, we have examined various models with different mass concentration represented by the mass of the central black hole and different sound speeds. We found that the tightly wound spirals can be formed when the mass of the black hole is large enough to remove the inner-inner Lindblad resonances and sound speeds lie between 15 - 20 km/sec. Thus, the presence of the tightly wound nuclear spiral could imply the presence of relatively massive black hole in the center.

Hong Bae Ann; Hyung Mok Lee

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

328

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Genome Signatures Enable Tracking...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

into how photosynthetic organisms can be engineered to do what we want, such as make biofuels or other products, rather than what they typically do, which is grow and make...

329

CERTIFICATE POLICY CP-1 FOR DIGITAL SIGNATURE AND ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... provided the resilience to insider attack is at least as strong as with the recommended model and the roles ... Platform Security Administrator (PSA). ...

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

330

Efficient and accurate data dependence profiling using software signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Speculative optimizations relax conservative constraints, like ambiguous memory-carried dependences that will rarely occur at runtime, to allow compilers to generate higher performing code. Data dependence profiling enables these techniques by providing ... Keywords: data dependences, optimization, profiling, speculative optimization

Rajeshwar Vanka; James Tuck

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Generic on-line/off-line threshold signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tauman [16] and the distributed key generation protocol ofdiscrete logarithm distributed key generation algorithm ofscheme with distributed key generation and distributed

Crutchfield, C; Molnar, D; Turner, D; Wagner, D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Matrix Element Distribution as a Signature of Entanglement Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore connections between an operator's matrix element distribution and its entanglement generation. Operators with matrix element distributions similar to those of random matrices generate states of high multi-partite entanglement. This occurs even when other statistical properties of the operators do not conincide with random matrices. Similarly, operators with some statistical properties of random matrices may not exhibit random matrix element distributions and will not produce states with high levels of multi-partite entanglement. Finally, we show that operators with similar matrix element distributions generate similar amounts of entanglement.

Yaakov S. Weinstein; C. Stephen Hellberg

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

Photospheric signatures imprinted on the gamma-ray burst spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A solution is presented for the spectrum of high-energy gamma-ray burst photons confined to a quasi-thermal baryonic photosphere. The solution is valid in the steady-state limit assuming the region under consideration is optically thick to the continuously injected photons. It is shown that for a high luminosity photosphere, the non-thermal electrons resulting from gamma-ray Compton cooling lose their energy by upscattering the soft thermalised radiation. The resulting spectral modifications offer the possibility of diagnosing not only the burst comoving luminosity but also the baryon load of the ejecta. This model leads to a simple physical interpretation of X-ray rich bursts and anomalous low-energy slopes.

Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

334

Universal chemical freeze-out as a phase transition signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that kinetic freeze-out in relativistic heavy-ion collisions invariably entails a non-trivial dependence of the freeze-out temperature on the collision centrality. The centrality independence of the chemical freeze-out temperature observed in Au+Au collisions at RHIC is therefore inconsistent with the hypothesis that hadron abundances decouple kinetically from inelastic hadron-hadron interactions. On the other hand, it is consistent with the hypothesis that chemical decoupling is driven by the quark-hadron phase transition, and that the observed universal chemical freeze-out reflects its critical temperature, independent of the dynamical state of the collision fireball as it passes through the phase transition.

Ulrich Heinz; Gregory Kestin

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

Development of a Reaction Signature for Combined Concrete Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although concrete is widely considered a very durable material, if conditions are such, it can be vulnerable to deterioration and early distress development. Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) is a major durability problem in concrete structures. It is a chemical reaction between the reactive silica existent in some types of rocks and alkali hydroxides in the concrete pore water. The product of this reaction is a gel that is hygroscopic in nature. When the gel absorbs moisture, it swells leading to tensile stresses in concrete. When those stresses exceed the tensile strength of concrete, cracks occur. The main objective of this study was to address a method of testing concrete materials as a combination to assist engineers to effectively mitigate ASR in concrete. The research approach involved capturing the combined effects of concrete materials (water cement ratio, porosity, supplementary cementitious materials, etc.) through a method of testing to allow the formulation of mixture combinations resistant to ASR leading to an increase in the life span of concrete structures. To achieve this objective, a comprehensive study on different types of aggregates of different reactivity was conducted to formulate a robust approach that takes into account the factors affecting ASR; such as, temperature, moisture, calcium concentration and alkalinity. A kinetic model was proposed to determine aggregate ASR characteristics which were calculated using the System Identification Method. Analysis of the results validates that ASR is a thermally activated process and therefore, the reactivity of an aggregate can be characterized in terms of its activation energy (Ea) using the Arrhenius equation. Statistical analysis was conducted to determine that the test protocol is highly repeatable and reliable. To relate the effect of material combinations to field performance, concrete samples with different w/cm?s and fly ash contents using selective aggregates were tested at different alkalinities. To combine aggregate and concrete characteristics, two models were proposed and combined. The first model predicts the Ea of the aggregate at levels of alkalinity similar to field conditions. The second model, generated using the Juarez- Badillo transform, connects the ultimate expansion of the concrete and aggregate, the water cement ratio, and the fly ash content to the Ea of the rock. The proposed models were validated through laboratory tests. To develop concrete mixtures highly resistant to ASR, a sequence of steps to determine threshold total alkali in concrete were presented with examples. It is expected that the knowledge gained through this work will assist government agencies, contractors, and material engineers, to select the optimum mixture combinations that fits best their needs or type of applications, and predict their effects on the concrete performance in the field.

Ghanem, Hassan A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Improving face segmentation in thermograms using image signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present a method for the automatic segmentation of face images captured in Long Wavelength Infrared (LWIR), allowing for a large range of face rotations and expressions. The motivation behind this effort is to enable better ... Keywords: face segmentation, human skin segmentation, image segmentation, infrared thermal

Slvio Filipe; Lus A. Alexandre

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Imaging Reservoir Quality: Seismic Signatures of Geologic Processes  

SciTech Connect

Lithofacies successions from diverse depositional environments show distinctive patterns in various rock-physics planes (velocity-porosity, velocity-density and porosity-clay). Four clear examples of decameter-scale lithofacies sequences are documented in this study: (1) Micocene fluvial deposits show an inverted-V pattern indicative of dispersed fabric, (2) a fining-upward sequence of mud-rich deep deposits shows a linear trend associated with laminated sand-clay mixtures, (3) sand-rich deposits show a pattern resulting from the scarcity of mixed lithofacies, and (4) a coarsening-upward sequence shows evidence of both dispersed and horizontally laminated mixed lithofacies, with predominating dispersed mixtures generated by bioturbation. It was observed that carbonate-cemented sandstones are extremely heterogeneous in the project deep-water study area. Those from the base of incisions are usually associated with lower shaliness, lower porosity and higher P-impedance, while from the top of flooding surfaces exhibit higher shaliness, higher porosity and lower P-impedance. One rock physics model that captures the observed impedance-porosity trend is the 'stiff-sand model'. For this model, the high-porosity end-member is unconsolidated sand whose initial porosity is a function of sorting and shaliness, while the low-porosity end-member is solid mineral. These two end points are joined with a Hashin-Shtrikman equation. A systematic variation of quartz:clay ratio from proximal to distal locations was observed in the study area even within a single facies. The quartz:clay ratio changes from [0.5:0.5] to [1:0] along the direction of flow, based on the trends of P-impedance vs. porosity as predicted by the rock model for uncemented sands. The results are in agreement with spill-and-fill sequence stratigraphic model in mini-basin setting. In addition, porosity at the distal location ({approx}25 % to 35%) is higher than the porosity at the proximal location ({approx}20 % to 23%). This trend is explained by a sequence stratigraphic model which predicts progressive increase in sorting by turbidity current along the flow, as well as, quantified by a rock model that heuristically accounts for sorting. The results can be applied to improve quantitative predication of sediment parameters from seismic impedance, away from well locations.

Department of Geophysics

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

DILEPTON SIGNATURE IN e+e- ->He+e-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the reaction e e (Higgs boson) + (dilepton) mediated by aprobe of the Neutral Higgs bosons are essential ingredientsof e e existence of a Higgs boson. Predicted l) GeV and

Kelly, R.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Sequential Aggregate Signatures and Multisignatures without Random Oracles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in practice one could apply a collision-resistant hash function Hk : {0, 1} {0, 1} k to sign messages to a WVES opacity breaker of this sort: simulate a W signing oracle by a call to the verifiably encrypted

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

340

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

located 1 mile south and 1 mile east of Woodstock, MN. They currently have 17 Vestas V-44600kw wind turbines and have been commercially operational and permitted since 1998....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DILEPTON SIGNATURE IN e+e- ->He+e-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1968), p. 367. J. D. Bjorken, Proc. 1976 SLAC SummerInstitute, SLAC-198, 1976, p. 1. A factor of rr is missingWiley (London), 1973. SLAC Linear Collider Conceptual Design

Kelly, R.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Some ternary Diophantine equations of signature (n, n, 2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with n = 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17 and D ? {2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 13, 17}. ... n, D that occur in the statement and for each n ? 17, there are some values of D for which ...

343

Signatures of Dynamic Strain Aging The Mechanical Threshold ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At elevated temperatures, but even at temperatures well below one-half the melting point, dynamic strain aging (DSA) can influence the stress-strain curve in

344

Observational signatures of Jordan-Brans-Dicke theories of gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the Jordan-Brans-Dicke model (JBD) of gravity, where deviations from General Relativity (GR) are described by a scalar field non-minimally coupled to gravity. The theory is characterized by a constant coupling parameter, $\\omega_{\\rm JBD}$; GR is recovered in the limit $\\omega_{\\rm JBD} \\to \\infty$. In such theories, gravity modifications manifest at early times, so that one cannot rely on the usual approach of looking for inconsistencies in the expansion history and perturbations growth in order to discriminate between JBD and GR. However, we show that a similar technique can be successfully applied to early and late times observables instead. Cosmological parameters inferred extrapolating early-time observations to the present will match those recovered from direct late-time observations only if the correct gravity theory is used. We use the primary CMB, as will be seen by the Planck satellite, as the early-time observable; and forthcoming and planned Supernov{\\ae}, Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations and Weak Lensing experiments as late-time observables. We find that detection of values of $\\omega_{\\rm JBD}$ as large as 500 and 1000 is within reach of the upcoming (2010) and next-generation (2020) experiments, respectively.

Viviana Acquaviva; Licia Verde

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Dark radiation as a signature of dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple dark energy model with the following properties: the model predicts a late-time dark radiation component that is not ruled out by current observational data, but which produces a distinctive time-dependent equation of state w(z) for z volts.

Sourish Dutta; Stephen D. H. Hsu; David Reeb; Robert J. Scherrer

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

346

Microsoft Word - 11-0434 _signature on file_ _2_.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Transmittal of the Audit Report for the Savannah River Site Central Characterization Project Recertification Audit A-11-01 Dear Mr. Zappe: This...

347

Distinct Hydrological Signatures in Observed Historical Temperature Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM), the physical bounds on soil moisture content and the nonlinear relationship between soil moisture and evaporation lead to distinct geographical patterns in key surface energy and water balance ...

Randal D. Koster; Max J. Suarez; Siegfried D. Schubert

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Spectral Signatures of Polar Stratospheric Clouds and Sulfate Aerosol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiwavelength observations of Antarctic and midlatitude aerosol by the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) experiment on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite are used to demonstrate a technique that identifies the location of ...

S. T. Massie; P. L. Bailey; J. C. Gille; E. C. Lee; J. L. Mergenthaler; A. E. Roche; J. B. Kumer; E. F. Fishbein; J. W. Waters; W. A. Lahoz

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Radiative signatures of the relativistic Kelvin-Helmholtz instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a particle-in-cell simulation of the relativistic Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability (KHI) that for the first time delivers angularly resolved radiation spectra of the particle dynamics during the formation of the KHI. This enables studying the ...

M. Bussmann, H. Burau, T. E. Cowan, A. Debus, A. Huebl, G. Juckeland, T. Kluge, W. E. Nagel, R. Pausch, F. Schmitt, U. Schramm, J. Schuchart, R. Widera

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Neutrino signature of supernova hydrodynamical instabilities in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first full-scale three-dimensional (3D) core-collapse supernova (SN) simulations with sophisticated neutrino transport show pronounced effects of the standing accretion shock instability (SASI) for two high-mass progenitors (20 and 27 M_sun). In a low-mass progenitor (11.2 M_sun), large-scale convection is the dominant nonradial hydrodynamic instability in the postshock accretion layer. The SASI-associated modulation of the neutrino signal (80 Hz in our two examples) will be clearly detectable in IceCube or the future Hyper-Kamiokande detector, depending on progenitor properties, distance, and observer location relative to the main SASI sloshing direction. The neutrino signal from the next galactic SN can therefore diagnose the nature of the hydrodynamic instability.

Irene Tamborra; Florian Hanke; Bernhard Mueller; Hans-Thomas Janka; Georg Raffelt

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

351

Review of Measurements and Candidate Signatures for Early ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... levels within coal mines, and combined the method ... to permit remote monitoring of methane (Dubaniewicz and ... provide a reliable test bed for signal ...

1996-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

352

Ultrasonic Signatures of Degradation in Advanced Reactor Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to monitor and predict component life augments the safety features of the new reactor concepts. Characterization of materials is key to the life...

353

Analog circuit test based on a digital signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Production verification of analog circuit specifications is a challenging task requiring expensive test equipment and time consuming procedures. This paper presents a method for low cost on-chip parameter verification based on the analysis of a digital ... Keywords: mixed-signal test, monitoring, nonlinear zone boundary, specification verification

A. Gmez; R. Sanahuja; L. Balado; J. Figueras

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Transient effects in fission evidenced from new experimental signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new experimental approach is introduced to investigate the relaxation of the nuclear deformation degrees of freedom. Highly excited fissioning systems with compact shapes and low angular momenta are produced in peripheral relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Both fission fragments are identified in atomic number. Fission cross sections and fission-fragment element distributions are determined as a function of the fissioning element. From the comparison of these new observables with a nuclear-reaction code a value for the transient time is deduced.

B. Jurado; C. Schmitt; K. -H. Schmidt; J. Benlliure; T. Enqvist; A. R. Junghans; A. Kelic; F. Rejmund

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

355

Microsoft Word - 11-0607 _signature on file_ _2_.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the recertification audit performed for contact-handled Summary Category Group S5000 debris waste. In addition, the audit report contains the results of the initial certification...

356

Microsoft Word - 11-0656 _signature on file_.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

audit performed for headspace gas analysis of Summary Category Group S5000 debris waste; solids analysis of S3000 homogeneous solids and S4000 soilsgravel wastes;...

357

Solar X-rays as Signature for New Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive axions of the Kaluza-Klein type, created inside the solar core, can be gravitationally trapped by the Sun itself in orbits inside/outside the Sun, where they accumulate over cosmic times. Their radiative decay can give rise to various solar phenomena, like the celebrated solar coronal heating, which lacks a conventional explanation since its first observation in 1939. Such and other recent observations favour the existence of a halo of exotic particles near the Sun. X-ray telescopes can provide novel and important information. The underlying solar axion scenario is presented in details in ref.'s [4,15

K. Zioutas

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

358

Transcriptional signature of an adult brain tumor in Drosophila  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was extracted from dissected adult brains, and hybridization of labeled cRNA to commercially available full-genome Gene Chips involved a signal amplification step (DrosGenome1, experiment B; see materials and methods). Moreover, in this second experiment... in the larval brain, suggesting that asp may play a role in spindle pole organ- ization during mitosis [39]. fzy encodes a product involved in cyclin catabolism and fzy mutants also show metaphase arrest with compact condensed chromosomes like asp mutants [40...

Loop, Thomas; Leemans, Ronny; Stiefel, Urs; Hermida, Leandro; Egger, Boris; Xie, Fukang; Primig, Michael; Certa, Ulrich; Fischbach, Karl-Friedrich; Reichert, Heinrich; Hirth, Frank

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

An efficient identity-based signature scheme with batch verifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mapping messages or a user's identity into a point on elliptic curves is required by many pairing-based cryptographic schemes. In most of pairing-based schemes, this requirement is realized by a special hash function, MapToPoint function. However, ...

Shi Cui; Pu Duan; Choong Wah Chan

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

V-073: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Web Server HTTP TRACETRACK Support Lets Remote Users Obtain Potentially Sensitive Information V-145: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

V-073: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Signature Verification...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IBM Tivoli Netcool Reporter CGI Bug Lets Remote Users Inject Commands on the Target System V-145: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities...

362

Through-Container Measurement of Acoustic Signatures for ...  

essential tools employed by government agencies domestically and internationally in ... true state variation in container dimensions and correlation ...

363

Signature Matching: A Tool for Using Software Libraries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Center, Air Force Materiel Command, USAF, and the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) under of a paper presented at the 1st ACM SIGSOFT Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering, Dec. 1993 or commercial advantage, the ACM copyright/server notice, the title of the publication, and its date appear

Wing, Jeannette M.

364

Molecular signatures-based prediction of enzyme promiscuity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation: Enzyme promiscuity, a property with practical applications in biotechnology and synthetic biology, has been related to the evolvability of enzymes. At the molecular level, several structural mechanisms have been linked to enzyme promiscuity ...

Pablo Carbonell; Jean-Loup Faulon

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the reliability and reduce the installation, operations and maintenance costs of the generator components in the wind power industry. They will be conducting research and...

366

On the complex conductivity signatures of calcite precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calcite is a mineral phase that frequently precipitates during subsurface remediation or geotechnical engineering processes. This precipitation can lead to changes in the overall behavior of the system, such as flow alternation and soil strengthening. Because induced calcite precipitation is typically quite variable in space and time, monitoring its distribution in the subsurface is a challenge. In this research, we conducted a laboratory column experiment to investigate the potential of complex conductivity as a mean to remotely monitor calcite precipitation. Calcite precipitation was induced in a glass bead (3 mm) packed column through abiotic mixing of CaCl{sub 2} and Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} solutions. The experiment continued for 12 days with a constant precipitation rate of {approx}0.6 milimole/d. Visual observations and scanning electron microscopy imaging revealed two distinct phases of precipitation: an earlier phase dominated by well distributed, discrete precipitates and a later phase characterized by localized precipitate aggregation and associated pore clogging. Complex conductivity measurements exhibited polarization signals that were characteristic of both phases of calcite precipitation, with the precipitation volume and crystal size controlling the overall polarization magnitude and relaxation time constant. We attribute the observed responses to polarization at the electrical double layer surrounding calcite crystals. Our experiment illustrates the potential of electrical methods for characterizing the distribution and aggregation state of nonconductive minerals like calcite. Advancing our ability to quantify geochemical transformations using such noninvasive methods is expected to facilitate our understanding of complex processes associated with natural subsurface systems as well as processes induced through engineered treatments (such as environmental remediation and carbon sequestration).

Wu, Yuxin; Hubbard, Susan; Williams, Kenneth Hurst; Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Spectroscopic Signature of Aging in (delta)-Pu(Ga)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure of Pu is briefly discussed, with emphasis upon Aging effects. Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy have contributed greatly to our improved understanding of Pu electronic structure. (See Figure 1.) From these and related measurements, the following has been determined: (1) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting is large; (2) The number of Pu5f electrons is 5; and (3) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting effect dominates 5f itineracy.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S; Chung, B W

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

368

Experimental Signatures of Critically Balanced Turbulence in MAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beam emission spectroscopy (BES) measurements of ion-scale density fluctuations in the MAST tokamak are used to show that the turbulence correlation time, the drift time associated with ion temperature or density gradients, ...

Ghim, Y.-c.

369

NIST-PEC Meeting, December 2011: Group Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cost. ? We are ready for low power comsumption with LSI, what else are requirements? ? A good application is necessary for learning lessons. ...

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

370

Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) re- sponse, is a key transducerof one human TLR induced NF-kB activation in mammaliansee SOM). Plants do not have NF-kBrelated transcrip- tion

Ronald, Pamela C; Beutler, Bruce

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Cosmic Ray Signatures of Multi-W Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the discovery potential of cosmic ray physics experiments for Standard Model processes involving the nonperturbative production of O(30) weak gauge bosons. We demonstrate an experimental insensitivity to proton-induced processes and emphasize the importance of neutrino-induced processes. The Fly's Eye currently constrains the largest region of parameter space characterizing multi-W phenomena if a cosmic neutrino flux exists at levels suggested by recent models of active galactic nuclei. MACRO (DUMAND) can constrain or observe additional regions by searching for 1-100 (1-10) characteristic near-vertical (near-horizontal) spatially compact energetic muon bundles per year.

D. A. Morris; A. Ringwald

1993-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

372

Chromatin signature of embryonic pluripotency is established during genome activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After fertilization the embryonic genome is inactive until transcription is initiated during the maternalzygotic transition. This transition coincides with the formation of pluripotent cells, which in mammals can be used ...

Vastenhouw, Nadine L.

373

Inverse Compton X-ray signature of AGN feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bright AGN frequently show ultra-fast outflows (UFOs) with outflow velocities vout ! 0.1c. These outflows may be the source of AGN feedback on their host galaxies sought by galaxy formation modellers. The exact effect of the outflows on the ambient galaxy gas strongly depends on whether the shocked UFOs cool rapidly or not. This in turn depends on whether the shocked electrons share the same temperature as ions (one temperature regime; 1T) or decouple (2T), as has been recently suggested. Here we calculate the Inverse Compton spectrum emitted by such shocks, finding a broad feature potentially detectable either in mid-to-high energy X-rays (1T case) or only in the soft X-rays (2T). We argue that current observations of AGN do not seem to show evidence for the 1T component, while the limits on the 2T emission are far weaker. This suggests that UFOs are in the energy-driven regime outside the central few pc, and must pump considerable amounts of not only momentum but also energy into the ambient gas. We encoura...

Bourne, Martin A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

EDM Signatures of PeV-scale Superpartners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A possible supersymmetric interpretation of the new Higgs-like 126 GeV resonance involves a high sfermion mass scale, from tens of TeV to a PeV or above. This scale provides sufficiently large loop corrections to the Higgs mass and can naturally resolve the constraints from flavor-violating observables, even with a generic flavor structure in the sfermion sector. We point out that such high scales could still generate CP-violating electric dipole moments (EDMs) at interesting levels due to the enhancement of left-right (LR) sfermion mixing. We illustrate this by saturating the light fermion mass corrections from the sfermion threshold, leaving the gaugino masses unconstrained. In this framework, we find that the current EDM bounds probe energy scales of 0.1 PeV or higher; this is competitive with the reach of $\\epsilon_K$ and more sensitive than other hadronic and leptonic flavor observables. We also consider the sensitivity to higher dimensional supersymmetric operators in this scenario, including those that lead to proton decay.

David McKeen; Maxim Pospelov; Adam Ritz

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

375

Signatures of surface bundles and Milnor Wood inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let E be a surface bundle over a surface. We use a variant of the Milnor Wood inequality to show that $|3\\sigma(E)|\\leq \\chi(E)$.

Hamenstaedt, Ursula

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

OPTICAL SIGNATURES OF CIRCUMSTELLAR INTERACTION IN TYPE IIP SUPERNOVAE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose new diagnostics for circumstellar interaction in Type IIP supernovae (SNe IIP) by the detection of high velocity (HV) absorption features in H? and HeI 10830 ?A lines during the photospheric stage. To demonstrate the method, we compute the ionization and excitation of H and He in supernova ejecta taking into account time-dependent effects and X-ray irradiation. We find that the interaction with a typical red supergiant wind should result in the enhanced excitation of the outer layers of unshocked ejecta and the emergence of corresponding HV absorption, i.e. a depression in the blue absorption wing of H? and a pronounced absorption of HeI 10830 ?A at a radial velocity of about ?10 4 km s ?1. We identify HV absorption in H? and HeI 10830 ?A lines of SN 1999em and in H? of SN 2004dj as being due to this effect. The derived mass loss rate is close to 10 ?6 M ? yr ?1 for both supernovae, assuming a wind velocity 10 km s ?1. We argue that, in addition to the HV absorption formed in the unshocked ejecta, spectra of SN 2004dj and SN 1999em show a HV notch feature that is formed in the cool dense shell (CDS) modified by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The CDS results from both shock breakout and radiative cooling of gas that has passed through the reverse shock wave. The notch becomes dominant in the HV absorption during the late photospheric phase, ? 60 d. The wind density deduced from the velocity of the CDS is consistent with the wind density found from the HV absorption produced by unshocked ejecta.

Nikolai N. Chugai; Roger A. Chevalier; Victor P. Utrobin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Optical Signatures of Circumstellar Interaction in Type IIP Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose new diagnostics for circumstellar interaction in Type IIP supernovae by the detection of high velocity (HV) absorption features in Halpha and He I 10830 A lines during the photospheric stage. To demonstrate the method, we compute the ionization and excitation of H and He in supernova ejecta taking into account time-dependent effects and X-ray irradiation. We find that the interaction with a typical red supergiant wind should result in the enhanced excitation of the outer layers of unshocked ejecta and the emergence of corresponding HV absorption, i.e. a depression in the blue absorption wing of Halpha and a pronounced absorption of He I 10830 A at a radial velocity of about -10,000 km/s. We identify HV absorption in Halpha and He I 10830 A lines of SN 1999em and in Halpha of SN 2004dj as being due to this effect. The derived mass loss rate is close to 10^{-6} Msun/yr for both supernovae, assuming a wind velocity 10 km/s. We argue that, in addition to the HV absorption formed in the unshocked ejecta, spectra of SN 2004dj and SN 1999em show a HV notch feature that is formed in the cool dense shell (CDS) modified by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The CDS results from both shock breakout and radiative cooling of gas that has passed through the reverse shock wave. The notch becomes dominant in the HV absorption during the late photospheric phase, ~60 d. The wind density deduced from the velocity of the CDS is consistent with the wind density found from the HV absorption produced by unshocked ejecta.

Nikolai N. Chugai; Roger A. Chevalier; Victor P. Utrobin

2007-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

378

Solar X-rays as Signature for New Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive axions of the Kaluza-Klein type, created inside the solar core, can be gravitationally trapped by the Sun itself in orbits inside/outside the Sun, where they accumulate over cosmic times. Their spontaneous or induced radiative decay can give rise to various solar phenomena, like the celebrated solar coronal heating, which lacks a conventional explanation since its first observation in 1939. Such and other recent observations favour the existence of a halo of exotic particles near the Sun. X-ray (solar) telescopes can provide novel and important informations for astroparticle physics and cosmology. The underlying solar axion scenario is presented in details in ref.s [4, 15], which can be consulted for further reading. 1

K. Zioutas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Topological Signatures in the Electronic Structure of Graphene Spirals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topology is familiar mostly from mathematics, but also natural sciences have found its concepts useful. Those concepts have been used to explain several natural phenomena in biology and physics, and they are particularly relevant for the electronic structure description of topological insulators and graphene systems. Here, we introduce topologically distinct graphene forms - graphene spirals - and employ density-functional theory to investigate their geometric and electronic properties. We found that the spiral topology gives rise to an intrinsic Rashba spin-orbit splitting. Through a Hamiltonian constrained by space curvature, graphene spirals have topologically protected states due to time-reversal symmetry. In addition, we argue that the synthesis of such graphene spirals is feasible and can be achieved through advanced bottom-up experimental routes that we indicate in this work.

Stas M. Avdoshenko; Pekka Koskinen; Haldun Sevincli; Alexey Popov; Claudia Rocha

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

380

Observable signatures of general relativistic dynamics in compact binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of general relativity (GR) in astrophysical systems are often difficult to calculate, but they can have important consequences for observables. This thesis considers the impact of previously-ignored GR effects ...

Lang, Ryan N. (Ryan Nathan)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Real-Time Gamma-Ray Signature Identifier  

Director search process gets under way. November 26, 2013. Employee selected as Face of Stroke ambassador. November 26, ...

382

FIPS 186-2 Change 1, Digital Signature Standard (DSS) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... w = (s) -1 mod q u1 = ((SHA-1(M))w) mod q u2 = ((r)w) mod q v = (((g) u1 (y) u2 ) mod p) mod q. ... Proof: We have w = (s) -1 mod q = s -1 mod q ...

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

383

Search for the pentaquark resonance signature in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Claims concerning the possible discovery of the \\Theta^+ pentaquark, with minimal quark content uudd\\bar{s}, have motivated our comprehensive study into possible pentaquark states using lattice QCD. We review various pentaquark interpolating fields in the literature and create a new candidate ideal for lattice QCD simulations. Using these interpolating fields we attempt to isolate a signal for a five-quark resonance. Calculations are performed using improved actions on a large 20^3 x 40 lattice in the quenched approximation. The standard lattice resonance signal of increasing attraction between baryon constituents for increasing quark mass is not observed for spin-1/2 pentaquark states. We conclude that evidence supporting the existence of a spin-1/2 pentaquark resonance does not exist in quenched QCD.

B. G. Lasscock; J. Hedditch; D. B. Leinweber; W. Melnitchouk; A. W. Thomas; A. G. Williams; R. D. Young; J. M. Zanotti

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

384

Heavy ion fusion science research for high energy density physics and fusion applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1665. [38] B G Logan, 1993 Fusion Engineering and Design 22,J Perkins, (June 2007), to be submitted to Nuclear Fusion. [36] M Tabak 1996 Nuclear Fusion 36, No 2. [37] S Atzeni, and

Logan, B.G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

app_d  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Madsen, Logan 78 193 Goodenough, Ashten 74 190 31 41-42 Heacock, Harold - Tri-Cities Industrial Development Council 53 124-126 Henneberry, David 36 80-81 Henry, Tom 15...

386

EEOICPA Event Rocky Flats - Denver, CO | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2:00PM to 4:00PM EST EEOICPA EVENT Joint Outreach Task Group Town Hall meeting IBEW Local 68 5660 Logan Street Denver, CO 80216 Additional information: Formal meeting starts at...

387

The School of Theatre & Dance has the advantages a large university provides with the one-on-one attention that only a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as possible on a particular night, then you know I am doing a good job." LOGAN GARRETT Hometown: Bel Air, MD arena. Puppetry graduates work for the following prestigious companies: Walt Disney, Grey Seal Puppet

Mohaghegh, Shahab

388

A BRIEF HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL CATALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. and Stein, T. R. , . Rev. Oil Gas Journal, June 6, 1977.Logan, R. s. and Banks, R. L. Oil Gas Journal, 1968, 66(21),P. H. . Rev,, 1978, 18(1). Oil Gas Journal, 1963, 61(13),

Heinemann, Heinz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

CX-002099: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002099: Categorical Exclusion Determination Solar Thermal Water Heaters CX(s) Applied: B2.1, A9, B5.1 Date: 04192010 Location(s): Logan, Utah...

390

Peetz Table Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Logan County CO Coordinates 40.954, -103.143 Loading map......

391

Appendix A: Public Scoping and Draft...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wirth 20412 C R 11 Haxtun CO 80731 KIPP BRIAN W KIPP CINDY L 20490 C R 95 HAXTUN CO 80731 DAVIS, CAROLYN 205 N LOGAN AVE HAXTUN CO 80731-2566 Ray and Esther Hendrix 205 W Emerson...

392

CX-002098: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-002098: Categorical Exclusion Determination Condensing Summer Boiler CX(s) Applied: B2.1, B2.5, A9, B5.1 Date: 04192010 Location(s): Logan, Utah...

393

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Curia II Speaker: H. Logan, University of Wisconsin Title: Seeing an Invisible Higgs at Tevatron and LHC 3:30 p.m. DIRECTOR'S COFFEE BREAK - 2nd Flr X-Over 4:00 p.m....

394

Study Shows Pill Form of Ritalin is Safe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gene-Jack Wang, John Gatley and Naomi Pappas of BNL's Medical Department; Joanna Fowler, Jean Logan and Yu-Shin Ding of the BNL Chemistry Department; and Robert Hitzemann of...

395

Mapping Cocaine Craving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

said. Along with Volkow, the study's authors were Brookhaven's Gene-Jack Wang, Joanna Fowler, Samuel Gatley, Jean Logan, Yu-Shin Ding and Naomi Pappas; SUNY Stony Brook's Robert...

396

Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of weather data at nearby sites, including Logan airport and offshore buoys, the long term mean wind demand. #12;23 8. References Bundesverband WindEnergie e.V., WindEnergie 1999, Bundesverband WindEnergie

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

397

WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ALEXANDER E. MACDONALD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of weather data at nearby sites, including Logan airport and offshore buoys, the long term mean wind demand. #12;23 8. References Bundesverband WindEnergie e.V., WindEnergie 1999, Bundesverband WindEnergie

398

Microsoft Word - Final NOA - Haxtun.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Act of 2009 State Energy Program to Haxtun Wind, LLC for the construction of a 30 MW wind farm in Logan and Phillips County, Colorado would not constitute a major Federal...

399

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agent. Installation of a solar thermal panel on the roof of the County Jail. EECBG-EERERW Solar Thermal Water Heaters City of LoganCache County Utah Apr 19, 2010 Othalene...

400

The pair production of Charged and Neutral Higgs bosons in W and Z gauge boson fusion process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the signatures of a two Higgs doublet model of Davidson and Logan. The model includes an extra Higgs doublet with the vacuum expectation value (VEV) much smaller than the one of the standard model like Higgs. The smaller VEV is related to the origin of the small neutrino mass in the two Higgs doublet model. In the model, a single non-standard model like Higgs production of weak gauge boson fusion is suppressed due to the smallness of the vacuum expectation value. In contrast to the single Higgs production, the cross section of the Higgs pair production due to gauge boson fusion is not suppressed. Using the model, we compute the charged Higgs and neutral Higgs pair production cross section in W Z annihilation channel. In the two Higgs doublet model, the charged Higgs H^+ decays into a pair of the charged anti-lepton and right-handed neutrino. The neutral Higgs boson decays into right-handed neutrino and left-handed anti-neutrino pair which is invisible. A single charged anti-lepton and three neutrinos are the products of the subsequent decays of the charged Higgs and the neutral Higgs. W Z pair production gives the background for the signal through the decays W^+ ->nu l^+ and Z -> nu nubar. By multiplying the charged and neutral Higgses production cross section with the lepton flavor specific decay branching fractions of charged Higgs, we define a measurement which characterizes the present model. We numerically compute the measurement and find the sizable deviation from the standard model prediction.

Takuya Morozumi; Kotaro Tamai

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Microsoft Word - LBNL M2FT-12LB0807061 final with signatures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Modeling on Modeling Coupled Processes in the Near Field of a Clay Repository Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition H.H. Liu, Jim Houseworth, Jonny Rutqvist, Lianchong Li, Daisuke Asahina, Fei Chen, Jens Birkholzer Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory August, 2012 FCRD-UFD-2012-000223 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial

402

Signature of Collision of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Quiet Solar Photosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collision of the magnetic flux tubes in the Quiet Sun was proposed as one of the possible sources for the heating of the solar atmosphere (Furusawa and Sakai, 2000). The solar photosphere was observed using the New Solar Telescope ad Big Bear Solar Observatory. In TiO spectral line at 705.68 nm we approached resolution of 0.1". The horizontal plasma wave was observed spreading from the larger bright point. Shorty after this wave an increase in the oscillatory power appeared at the same location as the observed bright point. This behavior matches some of the results from the simulation of the collision of the two flux tubes with a weak current.

Andic, Aleksandra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Information Administration, Oce of Energy Markets andEnergy Information Administration, Oce of Energy Markets and

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Triple frequency radar reflectivity signatures of snow: Observations and comparisons to theoretical ice particle scattering models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observation-based study is presented that utilizes aircraft data from the 2003 Wakasa Bay AMSR Precipitation Validation Campaign to assess recent advances in the modeling of microwave scattering properties of non-spherical ice particles in the ...

Mark S. Kulie; Michael J. Hiley; Ralf Bennartz; Stefan Kneifel; Simone Tanelli

405

Microsoft Word - White Earth Wind Project II FONSI_Final for signature 4.24.2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA 1809 EA 1809 Finding of No Significant Impacts Page 2 of 8 of at least 20 years. Construction of all project components would disturb approximately 8.36 acres; 7.08 acres would be temporary (i.e., during construction) and 1.53 acres would be permanent (i.e., during the 20-year operational life). The proposed project is not expected to have any measurable effects on the following four resource areas because they do not occur at or near the project sites: geology (i.e., geologic faults or known mineral deposits), water resources, floodplains, and national wild and scenic rivers. In addition, hazardous and universal wastes are not anticipated to be generated during installation, operation, or decommissioning, and all wastes generated over the life of the project would be handled, collected, transferred, and disposed of in

406

Microsoft Word - OAS-L-13-09 Report with electronic signature  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Audit Report The Office of Environmental Management's Disposition of Transuranic Waste OAS-L-13-09 May 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 May 28, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT FROM: David Sedillo, Director Western Audits Division Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "The Office of Environmental Management's Disposition of Transuranic Waste" BACKGROUND The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is the Department of Energy's (Department) underground repository for contact-handled (CH) and remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste. The WIPP Land Withdrawal Act limits WIPP's total capacity for TRU waste to 175,600 cubic meters

407

Microsoft Word - LBL-ISM-2013 Signature-31July2013 2013.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PUB-3140 PUB-3140 Integrated Environment, Safety, & Health Management Plan Integrated Safety Management (ISM) System July 2013 Revision 8 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the University of California, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, under Contract DE-AC02-05CH11231 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory PUB-3140 Integrated Safety Management System Description Revision 8 i July 2013 Integrated Safety* Management provides important opportunities and advantages for the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Department of Energy in the consistent and proper attention to safety 1 and environmental protection essential in the conduct of the Laboratory's missions. This

408

Microsoft Word - IN COOP Spc-Ltr Report electronic signature 11162012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Continuity of Operations Planning Continuity of Operations Planning and Intelligence Readiness INS-L-13-03 November 2012 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 November 16, 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTERINTELLIGENCE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Continuity of Operations Planning and Intelligence Readiness" BACKGROUND National Security Presidential Directive-20, National Continuity Policy, establishes continuity requirements for all executive departments and agencies. The Department of Energy developed Department Order 150.1, Continuity Programs, which establishes requirements to assist the

409

Passive Measurement of Organic-Scintillator Neutron Signatures for Nuclear Safeguards Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At nuclear facilities, domestically and internationally, most measurement systems used for nuclear materials control and accountability rely on He-3 detectors. Due to resource shortages, alternatives to He-3 systems are needed. This paper presents preliminary simulation and experimental efforts to develop a fast-neutron-multiplicity counter based on liquid organic scintillators. This mission also provides the opportunity to broaden the capabilities of such safeguards measurement systems to improve current neutron-multiplicity techniques and expand the scope to encompass advanced nuclear fuels.

Jennfier L. Dolan; Eric C. Miller; Alexis C. Kaplan; Andreas Enqvist; Marek Flaska; Alice Tomanin; Paolo Peerani; David L. Chichester; Sara A. Pozzi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Electrical signature analysis applications for non-intrusive automotive alternator diagnostics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Automotive alternators are designed to supply power for automobile engine ignition systems as well as charge the storage battery. This product is used in a large market where consumers are concerned with acoustic noise and vibration that comes from the unit. as well as overall quality and dependability. Alternators and generators in general are used in industries other than automotive, such as transportation and airline industries and in military applications. Their manufacturers are interested in pursuing state-of-the-art methods to achieve higher quality and reduced costs. Preliminary investigations of non-intrusive diagnostic techniques utilizing the inherent voltage signals of alternators have been performed with promising results. These techniques are based on time and frequency domain analyses of specially conditioned signals taken from several alternators under various test conditions. This paper discusses investigations that show correlations of the alternator output voltage to airborne noise production. In addition these signals provide insight into internal magnetic characteristics that relate to design and/or assembly problems.

Ayers, C.W.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Larval Behavior and Natural Trace Element Signatures as Indicators of Crustacean Population Connectivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

either nearshore or offshore. Larval vertical positions incrassipes) that develop offshore stayed high in the waterwhere persistent winds and offshore surface currents could

Miller, Seth Haylen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Doppler Radar Emulator with an Application to the Detectability of Tornadic Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Doppler radar emulator was developed to simulate the expected mean returns from scanning radar, including pulse-to-pulse variability associated with changes in viewing angle and atmospheric structure. Based on the users configuration, the ...

Ryan M. May; Michael I. Biggerstaff; Ming Xue

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Development of Extraction Techniques for the Detection of Signature Lipids from Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A, B,C,D,containedcrudeoilandformationwatermodeloilswasusedonthecrudeoilsamples. Sample Clcommunity structure in crude oil When used in conjunction

Borglin, Sharon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Search for super symmetry at the Tevatron using the trilepton signature  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation describes a search for the associated production of the supersymmetric particles, the chargino and the neutralino, through their R-parity conserving decays to three leptons and missing energy. This search is carried out using the data collected at the CDF experiment at the Tevatron {radical}s = 1.96 TeV p{bar p} collider at Fermilab. The results are obtained by combining five independent channels with varying signal to background ratio. Overall, a total of 6.4 {+-} 1.1 background events from standard model processes and 11.4 {+-} 1.1 signal events for a particular choice of mSUGRA model parameters are expected. The observation of 7 events in data is consistent with the standard model background expectation, and the mSUGRA model is constrained. Limits are set on the cross section of Chargino-Neutralino pair production, and a limit on the mass of the chargino is extracted. A method of obtaining model-independent results is also discussed.

Dube, Sourabh Shishir; /Rutgers U., Piscataway

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Advances in signatures, encryption, and E-Cash from bilinear groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new formal definitions, algorithms, and motivating applications for three natural cryptographic constructions. Our constructions are based on a special type of algebraic group called bilinear groups. 1. ...

Hohenberger, Susan Rae, 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Diagnostic Study of Jet Streaks: Kinematic Signatures and Relationship to Coherent Tropopause Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic study is conducted of the kinematics and evolution of upper-level jet streaks representative of three (of the four) phases in the Shapiro conceptual model of a jet streak progressing through a synoptic-scale baroclinic wave over ...

Matthew E. Pyle; Daniel Keyser; Lance F. Bosart

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

COMPARISON OF SEISMIC SIGNATURES OF FLARES OBTAINED BY SOHO/MICHELSON DOPPLER IMAGER AND GONG INSTRUMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first observations of seismic responses to solar flares were carried out using time-distance (TD) and holography techniques applied to SOHO/Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) Dopplergrams obtained from space and unaffected by terrestrial atmospheric disturbances. However, the ground-based network GONG is potentially a very valuable source of sunquake observations, especially in cases where space observations are unavailable. In this paper, we present an updated technique for pre-processing of GONG observations for the application of subjacent vantage holography. Using this method and TD diagrams, we investigate several sunquakes observed in association with M- and X-class solar flares and compare the outcomes with those reported earlier using MDI data. In both GONG and MDI data sets, for the first time, we also detect the TD ridge associated with the 2001 September 9 flare. Our results show reassuringly positive identification of sunquakes from GONG data that can provide further information about the physics of seismic processes associated with solar flares.

Zharkov, S.; Matthews, S. A. [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Zharkova, V. V. [Horton D Building, Department of Mathematics, University of Bradford, Bradford, BD7 1DP (United Kingdom)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Bimodality: a possible experimental signature of the liquid-gas phase transition of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have observed a bimodal behaviour of the distribution of the asymmetry between the charges of the two heaviest products resulting from the decay of the quasi-projectile released in binary Xe+Sn and Au+Au collisions from 60 to 100 MeV/u. Event sorting has been achieved through the transverse energy of light charged particles emitted on the quasi-target side, thus avoiding artificial correlations between the bimodality signal and the sorting variable. Bimodality is observed for intermediate impact parameters for which the quasi-projectile is identified. A simulation shows that the deexcitation step rather than the geometry of the collision appears responsible for the bimodal behaviour. The influence of mid-rapidity emission has been verified. The two bumps of the bimodal distribution correspond to different excitation energies and similar temperatures. It is also shown that it is possible to correlate the bimodality signal with a change in the distribution of the heaviest fragment charge and a peak in potential energy fluctuations. All together, this set of data is coherent with what would be expected in a finite system if the corresponding system in the thermodynamic limit exhibits a first order phase transition.

M. Pichon; B. Tamain; R. Bougault; F. Gulminelli; O. Lopez

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

419

Reaction-in-Flight Neutrons as a Signature for Shell Mixing in NIF capsules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present analytic calculations and results from computational simulations showing that reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons act as a robust indicator for mixing of the ablator shell material into the fuel in DT capsules designed for the National Ignition Facility. The sensitivity of RIF neutrons to hydrodynamical mixing arises through the dependence of RIF production on charged-particle stopping lengths in the mixture of DT fuel and ablator material. Since the stopping power in the plasma is a sensitive function of the electron temperature and density, it is also sensitive to mix. RIF production scales approximately inversely with the degree of mixing taking place, and the ratio of RIF to downscattered neutrons provides a measure of the mix fraction and/or the mixing length. For sufficiently high-yield capsules, where spatially resolved RIF images may be possible, neutron imaging could be used to map RIF images into detailed mix images.

A. C. Hayes; P. A. Bradley; G. P. Grim; Gerard Jungman; J. B. Wilhelmy

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

420

Planetary- and Synoptic-Scale Signatures Associated with Central American Cold Surges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by outstanding issues from a previous case study of a midlatitude cold surge that affected Mexico and Central America, the climatology of Central American cold surges is examined in this paper. An independently derived listing of 177 ...

David M. Schultz; W. Edward Bracken; Lance F. Bosart

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

TeV-scale Type-II Seesaw Models and Possible Collider Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A natural extension of the standard model to accommodate massive neutrinos is to introduce one Higgs triplet and three right-handed Majorana neutrinos, leading to a 6 \\times6 neutrino mass matrix. We show that three light Majorana neutrinos (i.e., the mass eigenstates of \

Wei Chao; Shu Luo; Zhi-zhong Xing; Shun Zhou

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

422

A Compromise between Neutrino Masses and Collider Signatures in the Type-II Seesaw Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A natural extension of the standard $SU(2)_{\\rm L} \\times U(1)_{\\rm Y}$ gauge model to accommodate massive neutrinos is to introduce one Higgs triplet and three right-handed Majorana neutrinos, leading to a $6\\times 6$ neutrino mass matrix which contains three $3\\times 3$ sub-matrices $M_{\\rm L}$, $M_{\\rm D}$ and $M_{\\rm R}$. We show that three light Majorana neutrinos (i.e., the mass eigenstates of $\

Wei Chao; Shu Luo; Zhi-zhong Xing; Shun Zhou

2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nonlinear Optical Signatures of the Tensor Order in Cd2Re2O7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growing evidence indicates that the superconducting pyrochlore Cd2Re2O7 exhibits a structural phase transition at Tc=200K with an unusual tensor character. The structural order parameter for this state is two-dimensional, and spanned by distinct but nearly degenerate crystallographic structures I4{sub 1}22. Symmetry rules imply that the low-energy excitations of the ordered state are Goldstone phonons, or long wavelength fluctuations between the two crystal structures. These are the structural equivalents of magnons in an XY antiferromagnet, with the two crystal structures analogous to orthogonal spin directions in the xy-plane. Goldstone phonons have been observed in Raman spectroscopy3, but high-resolution X-ray and neutron scattering experiments have produced conflicting assignments of the static low-temperature structure. Here, we use optical second-harmonic generation with polarization sensitivity to assign I4M2 structure unambiguously and verify an auxiliary condition on the structure that is implied by the order parameter symmetry. We also show that the temperature dependence of the order parameter is consistent with thermal occupation of the Goldstone mode. The methodology may be applied more widely in characterizing ordered states in matter.

Petersen, Jesse C. [Simon Fraser University, Canada; Caswell, Michael D. [Simon Fraser University, Canada; Dodge, J. Steven [Simon Fraser University, Canada; Sergienko, Ivan A [ORNL; He, J [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Jin, Rongying [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The high fidelity and unique error signature of human DNA polymerase e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bulk replicative DNA synthesis in eukaryotes is highly accurate and efficient, primarily because of two DNA polymerases (Pols): Pols d and e. The high fidelity of these enzymes is due to their intrinsic base selectivity and proofreading exonuclease activity which, when coupled with post-replication mismatch repair, helps to maintain human mutation rates at less than one mutation per genome duplication. Conditions that reduce polymerase fidelity result in increased mutagenesis and can lead to cancer in mice. Whereas yeast Pol e has been well characterized, human Pol e remains poorly understood. Here, we present the first report on the fidelity of human Pol e. We find that human Pol e carries out DNA synthesis with high fidelity, even in the absence of its 30!50 exonucleolytic proofreading and is significantly more accurate than yeast Pol e. Though its spectrum of errors is similar to that of yeast Pol e, there are several notable exceptions. These include a preference of the human enzyme for T!A over A!T transversions. As compared with other replicative DNA polymerases, human Pol e is particularly accurate when copying homonucleotide runs of 45 bases. The base pair substitution specificity and high fidelity for frameshift errors observed for human Pol e are distinct from the errors made by human Pol d.

Dagmara A. Korona; Kimberly G. Lecompte; Zachary F. Pursell

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Observable Signatures of a Black Hole Ejected by Gravitational Radiation Recoil in a Galaxy Merger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to recent general-relativistic simulations, the coalescence of two spinning black holes (BHs) could lead to recoil speeds of the BH remnant of up to thousands of km/s as a result of the emission of gravitational radiation. Such speeds would enable the merger product to escape its host galaxy. Here we examine the circumstances resulting from a gas-rich galaxy merger under which the ejected BH would carry an accretion disk with it and be observable. As the initial BH binary emits gravitational radiation and its orbit tightens, a hole is opened around it in the disk which delays the consumption of gas prior to the eventual BH ejection. The punctured disk remains bound to the ejected BH within the region where the gas orbital velocity is larger than the ejection speed. For a ~10^7 solar mass BH the ejected disk has a characteristic size of tens of thousands of Schwarzschild radii and an accretion lifetime of ~10^7 years. During that time, the ejected BH could traverse a considerable distance and appear as an off-center quasar with a feedback trail along the path it left behind. A small fraction of all quasars could be associated with an escaping BH.

Abraham Loeb

2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fissile and Non-Fissile Material Detection Using Nuclear Acoustic Resonance Signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop anovel technique for remote, non-destructive, non-radiation-based detection of materials of interest to Nonproliferation Programs. We propse the development of a detection system based on magnetic resonance principles (NAR), which would work where radiation detection is not possible. The approach would be non-intrusive, penetrating, applicable to many materials of interest for Nonproliferation, and be able to identify the nuclear samples under investigation.

Bernhard R. Tittmann; P.M. Lenahan; David Spears; Rhys Williams

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

427

Pore-scale spectral induced polarization (SIP) signatures associated with FeS biomineral transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dissolution during the return to oxic conditions (aerobic transition). This suggests that the SIP method

Slater, Lee; Ntarlagiannis, Dimitrios; Personna, Yves R.; Hubbard, Susan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Neutrino signatures and the neutrino-driven wind in Binary Neutron Star Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present VULCAN/2D multi-group flux-limited-diffusion radiation hydrodynamics simulations of binary neutron star (BNS) mergers, using the Shen equation of state, covering ~100 ms, and starting from azimuthal-averaged 2D slices obtained from 3D SPH simulations of Rosswog & Price for 1.4 Msun (baryonic) neutron stars with no initial spins, co-rotating spins, and counter-rotating spins. Snapshots are post-processed at 10 ms intervals with a multi-angle neutrino-transport solver. We find polar-enhanced neutrino luminosities, dominated by $\\bar{\

Luc Dessart; Christian Ott; Adam Burrows; Stefan Rosswog; Eli Livne

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCE DIFFERENCES IN THE 16 CYGNI BINARY SYSTEM: A SIGNATURE OF GAS GIANT PLANET FORMATION?  

SciTech Connect

The atmospheric parameters of the components of the 16 Cygni binary system, in which the secondary has a gas giant planet detected, are measured accurately using high-quality observational data. Abundances relative to solar are obtained for 25 elements with a mean error of {sigma}([X/H]) = 0.023 dex. The fact that 16 Cyg A has about four times more lithium than 16 Cyg B is normal considering the slightly different masses of the stars. The abundance patterns of 16 Cyg A and B, relative to iron, are typical of that observed in most of the so-called solar twin stars, with the exception of the heavy elements (Z > 30), which can, however, be explained by Galactic chemical evolution. Differential (A-B) abundances are measured with even higher precision ({sigma}({Delta}[X/H]) = 0.018 dex, on average). We find that 16 Cyg A is more metal-rich than 16 Cyg B by {Delta}[M/H] = +0.041 {+-} 0.007 dex. On an element-to-element basis, no correlation between the A-B abundance differences and dust condensation temperature (T{sub C}) is detected. Based on these results, we conclude that if the process of planet formation around 16 Cyg B is responsible for the observed abundance pattern, the formation of gas giants produces a constant downward shift in the photospheric abundance of metals, without a T{sub C} correlation. The latter would be produced by the formation of terrestrial planets instead, as suggested by other recent works on precise elemental abundances. Nevertheless, a scenario consistent with these observations requires the convective envelopes of {approx_equal} 1 M{sub sun} stars to reach their present-day sizes about three times quicker than predicted by standard stellar evolution models.

RamIrez, I.; Roederer, I. U.; Fish, J. R. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Melendez, J. [Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, 05508-900 SP (Brazil); Cornejo, D., E-mail: ivan@obs.carnegiescience.edu [Departamento de Astrofisica, Agencia Espacial del Peru CONIDA, Luis Felipe Villaran 1069, San Isidro, Lima (Peru)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

430

On the Signatures of Equatorial and Extratropical Wave Forcing in Tropical Tropopause Layer Temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tropopause layer (TTL) play an important role in stratosphere­troposphere exchange and in the formation and equatorial waves to the TTL using coarse-vertical-resolution satellite and reanalysis data. In this study, the authors provide new insight into the role of extratropical and equatorial waves in the TTL using high

431

On the Signatures of Equatorial and Extratropical Wave Forcing in Tropical Tropopause Layer Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperatures in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) play an important role in stratospheretroposphere exchange and in the formation and maintenance of thin cirrus clouds. Many previous studies have examined the contributions of extratropical and ...

Kevin M. Grise; David W. J. Thompson

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Signatures of Doubly Diffusive Convection and Turbulence in an Intrusive Regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doubly diffusive convection and turbulence were measured from a submarine in a region where the mean gradients do not support doubly diffusive processes but intrusions provide favorable sites. The stability of the submarine-mounted CTD system ...

Thomas R. Osborn

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

San Diego, Texas -- Plazas of San Diego Texas: Signatures of Mexican-American Place Identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1989). Moreover, most South Texas towns stage these and1978). 4. Some other South Texas Mexican- American townsPlazas of San Diego Texas: S i g n a t u r e s of Mexican-

Arreola, Daniel D

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Application of the 85 GHz ice scattering signature to a global study of mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has long been observed that tropical convection tends to cluster, organizing into multicellular mesoscale convective systems (MCS), In convective towers, updrafts on the order of 10 m s-I favor the formation of large, precipitation-sized ice, which strongly scatters upwelling 85 GHz radiation. The 85 GHz brightness temperature is related to the amount of ice in an MCS and, indirectly, to the strength of the updrafts producing the ice. This study used an objective technique to identify MCSs from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager's 85 GHz channel to describe the size, intensity, and geographic distribution of MCSs between 35'N and 35'S for January, April, July, and October 1993. An MCS was defined as an area at least 2000 km 2 of 85 GHz polarization corrected brightness temperatures 1 0 5 @) MCSS. Over the oceans, median brightness temperature depression was 20-30 K below 225 K, while over land, it was 35-45 K below 225 K. Tropical Africa had the coldest median minimum brightness temperature. The sub-tropical oceans had the warmest median minimum brightness temperatures. MCSs were 35% more frequent over the oceans at sunrise than at sunset, and 60% more frequent over tropical continents at sunset than at sunrise. Both continental and oceanic MCSs tended to be larger at sunrise than at sunset. Continental MCSs tended to be colder at sunset than at sunrise, but oceanic MCSs tended to be marginally colder at sunrise than at sunset. In general, continental MCSs appeared to be smaller and more intense than oceanic MCSS, and the largest and the most intense MCSs occurred more frequently in the sub-tropics.

Devlin, Karen Irene

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Microsoft Word - NEAC_Rev-drft3 final _2_wfm signature.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advisory Committee June 30, 2011 Dr. Steven Chu Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20855 Dear Secretary Chu: This letter is provided to you in response...

436

Signatures of selection in loci governing major colour patterns in Heliconius butterflies and related species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

original format HM000... . 2Total bps: total length, in basepairs, of the annotated gene. 3Lineage-based: Heliconius lineage-based background ? estimates (branch model = 0 in COD EML) using BAC sequences of three species ( H. melpomene , H . erato , H... original format HM000... . 2Total bps: total length, in basepairs, of the annotated gene. 3Lineage-based: Heliconius lineage-based background ? estimates (branch model = 0 in COD EML) using BAC sequences of three species ( H. melpomene , H . erato , H...

Wu, Grace C; Joron, Mathieu; Jiggins, Chris D

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

Intrinsic and Cosmological Signatures in Gamma-Ray Burst Time Profiles: Time Dilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The time profiles of many gamma-ray bursts consist of distinct pulses, which offers the possibility of characterizing the temporal structure of these bursts using a relatively small set of pulse shape parameters. We have used a pulse decomposition procedure to analyze the Time-to-Spill (TTS) data for all bursts observed by BATSE up through trigger number 2000, in all energy channels for which TTS data is available. We obtain amplitude, rise and decay timescales, a pulse shape parameter, and the fluences of individual pulses in all of the bursts. We investigate the correlations between brightness measures (amplitude and fluence) and timescale measures (pulse width and separation) which may result from cosmological time dilation of bursts, or from intrinsic properties of burst sources or from selection effects. The effects of selection biases are evaluated through simulations. The correlations between these parameters among pulses within individual bursts give a measure of the intrinsic effects while the correlations among bursts could result both from intrinsic and cosmological effects. We find that timescales tend to be shorter in bursts with higher peak fluxes, as expected from cosmological time dilation effects, but also find that there are non-cosmological effects contributing to this inverse correlation. We find that timescales tend to be longer in bursts with higher total fluences, contrary to what is expected from cosmological effects. We also find that peak fluxes and total fluences of bursts are uncorrelated, indicating that they cannot both be good distance indicators for bursts. Subject headings: gamma rays: burstscosmology: theory

Andrew Lee; Elliott D. Bloom; Vah Petrosian

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Nonlinearities in modified gravity cosmology: Signatures of modified gravity in the nonlinear matter power spectrum  

SciTech Connect

A large fraction of cosmological information on dark energy and gravity is encoded in the nonlinear regime. Precision cosmology thus requires precision modeling of nonlinearities in general dark energy and modified gravity models. We modify the Gadget-2 code and run a series of N-body simulations on modified gravity cosmology to study the nonlinearities. The modified gravity model that we investigate in the present paper is characterized by a single parameter {zeta}, which determines the enhancement of particle acceleration with respect to general relativity (GR), given the identical mass distribution ({zeta}=1 in GR). The first nonlinear statistics we investigate is the nonlinear matter power spectrum at k < or approx. 3h/Mpc, which is the relevant range for robust weak lensing power spectrum modeling at l < or approx. 2000. In this study, we focus on the relative difference in the nonlinear power spectra at corresponding redshifts where different gravity models have the same linear power spectra. This particular statistics highlights the imprint of modified gravity in the nonlinear regime and the importance of including the nonlinear regime in testing GR. By design, it is less susceptible to the sample variance and numerical artifacts. We adopt a mass assignment method based on wavelet to improve the power spectrum measurement. We run a series of tests to determine the suitable simulation specifications (particle number, box size, and initial redshift). We find that, the nonlinear power spectra can differ by {approx}30% for 10% deviation from GR (|{zeta}-1|=0.1) where the rms density fluctuations reach 10. This large difference, on one hand, shows the richness of information on gravity in the corresponding scales, and on the other hand, invalidates simple extrapolations of some existing fitting formulae to modified gravity cosmology.

Cui Weiguang; Zhang Pengjie; Yang Xiaohu [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Partner Group of MPA, Nandan Road 80, Shanghai, 200030 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Detection of the Characteristic Pion-Decay Signature in Supernova Remnants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic rays are particles (mostly protons) accelerated to relativistic speeds. Despite wide agreement that supernova remnants (SNRs) are the sources of galactic cosmic rays, unequivocal evidence for the acceleration of protons in these objects is still lacking. When accelerated protons encounter interstellar material, they produce neutral pions, which in turn decay into gamma rays. This offers a compelling way to detect the acceleration sites of protons. The identification of pion-decay gamma rays has been difficult because high-energy electrons also produce gamma rays via bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton scattering. We detected the characteristic pion-decay feature in the gamma-ray spectra of two SNRs, IC 443 and W44, with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. This detection provides direct evidence that cosmic-ray protons are accelerated in SNRs.

:,; Ajello, M; Allafort, A; Baldini, L; Ballet, J; Barbiellini, G; Baring, M G; Bastieri, D; Bechtol, K; Bellazzini, R; Blandford, R D; Bloom, E D; Bonamente, E; Borgland, A W; Bottacini, E; Brandt, T J; Bregeon, J; Brigida, M; Bruel, P; Buehler, R; Busetto, G; Buson, S; Caliandro, G A; Cameron, R A; Caraveo, P A; Casandjian, J M; Cecchi, C; elik, ; Charles, E; Chaty, S; Chaves, R C G; Chekhtman, A; Cheung, C C; Chiang, J; Chiaro, G; Cillis, A N; Ciprini, S; Claus, R; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Cominsky, L R; Conrad, J; Corbel, S; Cutini, S; D'Ammando, F; de Angelis, A; de Palma, F; Dermer, C D; Silva, E do Couto e; Drell, P S; Drlica-Wagner, A; Falletti, L; Favuzzi, C; Ferrara, E C; Franckowiak, A; Fukazawa, Y; Funk, S; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Germani, S; Giglietto, N; Giommi, P; Giordano, F; Giroletti, M; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G; Grenier, I A; Grondin, M -H; Grove, J E; Guiriec, S; Hadasch, D; Hanabata, Y; Harding, A K; Hayashida, M; Hayashi, K; Hays, E; Hewitt, J; Hill, A B; Hughes, R E; Jackson, M S; Jogler, T; Jhannesson, G; Johnson, A S; Kamae, T; Kataoka, J; Katsuta, J; Kndlseder, J; Kuss, M; Lande, J; Larsson, S; Latronico, L; Lemoine-Goumard, M; Longo, F; Loparco, F; Lovellette, M N; Lubrano, P; Madejski, G M; Massaro, F; Mayer, M; Mazziotta, M N; McEnery, J E; Mehault, J; Michelson, P F; Mignani, R P; Mitthumsiri, W; Mizuno, T; Moiseev, A A; Monzani, M E; Morselli, A; Moskalenko, I V; Murgia, S; Nakamori, T; Nemmen, R; Nuss, E; Ohno, M; Ohsugi, T; Omodei, N; Orienti, M; Orlando, E; Ormes, J F; Paneque, D; Perkins, J S; Pesce-Rollins, M; Piron, F; Pivato, G; Rain, S; Rando, R; Razzano, M; Razzaque, S; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Ritz, S; Romoli, C; Snchez-Conde, M; Schulz, A; Sgr, C; Simeon, P E; Siskind, E J; Smith, D A; Spandre, G; Spinelli, P; Stecker, F W; Strong, A W; Suson, D J; Tajima, H; Takahashi, H; Takahashi, T; Tanaka, T; Thayer, J G; Thayer, J B; Thompson, D J; Thorsett, S E; Tibaldo, L; Tibolla, O; Tinivella, M; Troja, E; Uchiyama, Y; Usher, T L; Vandenbroucke, J; Vasileiou, V; Vianello, G; Vitale, V; Waite, A P; Werner, M; Winer, B L; Wood, K S; Wood, M; Yamazaki, R; Yang, Z; Zimmer, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hvac (t) (1 for on Then the system identication process boils down to optimizationHVAC switch are briey explained. The rest of this chapter is fo- cused on optimization

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Analysis of ZR Relations Based on LDR Signatures within the Melting Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inclusion of polarimetric measurements for the quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) by weather radars as well as space- and airborne radars is considered most promising now-a-days. Because the melting layer region is usually marked by ...

Stefan Kowalewski; Gerhard Peters

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Linear and Nonlinear Signatures in the Planetary Wave Dynamics of an AGCM: Probability Density Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To identify and quantify indications of linear and nonlinear planetary wave behavior and their impact on the distribution of atmospheric states, characteristics of a very long integration of an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) in a ...

Judith Berner; Grant Branstator

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Identifying a transcriptional signature for cell sensitivity to the cancer chemotherapy agent, BCNU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many organisms have evolved DNA damage response mechanisms to deal with the constant damage to DNA caused by endogenous and exogenous agents. These mechanisms activate cell cycle checkpoints to allow time for DNA repair ...

Valiathan, Chandni Rajan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Spectroscopic Signatures of the Superorbital Period in the Neutron Star Binary LMC X-4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first high-resolution X-ray study of emission line variability with superorbital phase in the neutron star binary LMC X-4. Our analysis provides new evidence from X-ray spectroscopy confirming accretion disk precession as the origin of the superorbital period. The spectra, obtained with the Chandra High-Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS) and the XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS), contain a number of emission features, including lines from hydrogen-like and helium-like species of N, O, Ne, and Fe, a narrow O VII RRC, and fluorescent emission from cold Fe. We use the narrow RRC and the He-alpha triplets to constrain the temperature and density of the (photoionized) gas. By comparing spectra from different superorbital phases, we attempt to isolate the contributions to line emission from the accretion disk and the stellar wind. There is also evidence for highly ionized iron redshifted and blueshifted by ~25,000 km/s. We argue that this emission originates in the inner ...

Neilsen, Joseph; Nowak, Michael A; Dennerl, Konrad; Vrtilek, Saeqa Dil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Narrow Radiative Recombination Continua: A Signature of Ions Crossing the Contact Discontinuity of Astrophysical Shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-rays from planetary nebulae (PNs) are believed to originate from a shock driven into the fast stellar wind (v ~ 1000 km/s) as it collides with an earlier circumstellar slow wind (v ~ 10 km/s). In theory, the shocked fast wind (hot bubble) and the ambient cold nebula can remain separated by magnetic fields along a surface referred to as the contact discontinuity (CD) that inhibits diffusion and heat conduction. The CD region is extremely difficult to probe directly owing to its small size and faint emission. This has largely left the study of CDs, stellar-shocks, and the associated micro-physics in the realm of theory. This paper presents spectroscopic evidence for ions from the hot bubble (kT ~ 100 eV) crossing the CD and penetrating the cold nebular gas (kT ~ 1 eV). Specifically, a narrow radiative recombination continuum (RRC) emission feature is identified in the high resolution X-ray spectrum of the PN BD+30 3639 indicating bare C VII ions are recombining with cool electrons at kT_e=1.7+-1.3 eV. An uppe...

Nordon, Raanan; Soker, Noam; Kastner, Joel H; Yu, Young Sam

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Effects of Radar Proximity on Single-Doppler Velocity Signatures of Axisymmetric Rotation and Divergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geometrical and mathematical relationships are developed to explain the variation with radar range of idealized single-Doppler velocity patterns of axisymmetric rotation and divergence regions. The velocity patterns become distorted as they ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Anomaly driven signatures of new invisible physics at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many extensions of the Standard Model (SM) predict new neutral vector bosons at energies accessible by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We study an extension of the SM with new chiral fermions subject to non-trivial anomaly cancellations. If the new fermions have SM charges, but are too heavy to be created at LHC, and the SM fermions are not charged under the extra gauge field, one would expect that this new sector remains completely invisible at LHC. We show, however, that a non-trivial anomaly cancellation between the new heavy fermions may give rise to observable effects in the gauge boson sector that can be seen at the LHC and distinguished from backgrounds.

Ignatios Antoniadis; Alexey Boyarsky; Sam Espahbodi; Oleg Ruchayskiy; James D. Wells

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

448

Neutrino signatures and the neutrino-driven wind in Binary Neutron Star Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present VULCAN/2D multi-group flux-limited-diffusion radiation hydrodynamics simulations of binary neutron star (BNS) mergers, using the Shen equation of state, covering ~100 ms, and starting from azimuthal-averaged 2D slices obtained from 3D SPH simulations of Rosswog & Price for 1.4 Msun (baryonic) neutron stars with no initial spins, co-rotating spins, and counter-rotating spins. Snapshots are post-processed at 10 ms intervals with a multi-angle neutrino-transport solver. We find polar-enhanced neutrino luminosities, dominated by $\\bar{\

Dessart, Luc; Burrows, Adam; Rosswog, Stefan; Livne, Eli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Ventilating En- Air Conditioning Comfort: Behavioral andRefrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, Jul 2001.Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning [29] R. Howell, H. Sauer,

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Measuring and Understanding the Energy Use Signatures of a Bank Building  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory measured and analyzed the energy end-use patterns in a bank building located in the north-eastern United States. This work was performed in collaboration with PNC Financial Service Group under the US DOEs Commercial Building Partnerships Program. This paper presents the metering study and the results of the metered data analysis. It provides a benchmark for the energy use of different bank-related equipments. The paper also reveals the importance of metering in fully understanding building loads and indentifying opportunities for energy efficiency improvements that will have impacts across PNCs portfolio of buildings and were crucial to reducing receptacle loads in the design of a net-zero bank branches. PNNL worked with PNC to meter a 4,000 ft2 bank branch in the state of Pennsylvania. 71 electrical circuits were monitored and 25 stand-alone watt-hour meters were installed at the bank. These meters monitored the consumption of all interior and exterior lighting, receptacle loads, service water heating, and the HVAC rooftop unit at a 5-minute sampling interval from November 2009 to November 2010. A total of over 8 million data records were generated, which were then analyzed to produce the end-use patterns, daily usage profiles, rooftop unit usage cycles, and inputs for calibrating the energy model of the building.

Xie, YuLong; Liu, Bing; Athalye, Rahul A.; Baechler, Michael C.; Sullivan, Greg

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

451

Cosmological non-Gaussian signature detection: comparing performance of different statistical tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, it appears that the best method for non-Gaussianity detection in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) consists in calculating the kurtosis of the wavelet coefficients. We know that wavelet-kurtosis outperforms other methods such as the bispectrum, ... Keywords: cosmological microwave background, cosmology, curvelet, multiscale method, non-Gaussianity detection, wavelet

J. Jin; J.-L. Starck; D. L. Donoho; N. Aghanim; O. Forni

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

THE SHAPES OF MILKY WAY SATELLITES: LOOKING FOR SIGNATURES OF TIDAL STIRRING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the shapes of Milky Way satellites in the context of the tidal stirring scenario for the formation of dwarf spheroidal galaxies. The standard procedures used to measure shapes involve smoothing and binning of data and thus may not be sufficient to detect structural properties such as bars, which are usually subtle in low surface brightness systems. Taking advantage of the fact that in nearby dwarfs photometry of individual stars is available, we introduce discrete measures of shape based on the two-dimensional inertia tensor and the Fourier bar mode. We apply these measures of shape first to a variety of simulated dwarf galaxies formed via tidal stirring of disks embedded in dark matter halos and orbiting the Milky Way. In addition to strong mass loss and randomization of stellar orbits, the disks undergo morphological transformation that typically involves the formation of a triaxial bar after the first pericenter passage. These tidally induced bars persist for a few Gyr before being shortened toward a more spherical shape if the tidal force is strong enough. We test this prediction by measuring in a similar way the shape of nearby dwarf galaxies, satellites of the Milky Way. We detect inner bars in Ursa Minor, Sagittarius, Large Magellanic Cloud, and possibly Carina. In addition, 6 out of 11 dwarfs that we studied show elongated stellar distributions in the outer parts that may signify transition to tidal tails. We thus find the shapes of Milky Way satellites to be consistent with the predictions of the tidal stirring model.

Lokas, Ewa L. [Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, 00-716 Warsaw (Poland); Majewski, Steven R.; Nidever, David L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Kazantzidis, Stelios [Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Mayer, Lucio [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Carlin, Jeffrey L. [Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180-3590 (United States); Moustakas, Leonidas A., E-mail: lokas@camk.edu.pl [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

453

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the power consumption of individual devices. Thispower meter that measures each individual electrical device as well as entire electrical consumption.

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Signature of Accretion Shocks in Emitted Radiation From a Two Temperature Advective Flows Around Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centrifugal barrier supported boundary layer (CENBOL) of a black hole affects the spectrum exactly in the same way the boundary layer of a neutron star does. The CENBOL is produced due to standing or oscillating shock waves and these shocks accelerate electrons very efficiently and produce a power-law distribution. The accelerated particles in turn emit synchrotron radiation in presence of the magnetic field. We study the spectral properties of an accretion disk as a function of the shock strength, compression ratio, flow accretion rate and flow geometry. In the absence of a satisfactory description of magnetic fields inside the advective disk, we consider the presence of only stochastic fields and use the ratio of the field energy density to the gravitational energy density to be a parameter. Not surprisingly, stronger fields produce stronger humps due to synchrotron radiation. We not only include `conventional' synchrotron emission and Comptonization due to Maxwell-Bolzmann electrons in the gas, we also com...

Mandal, S; Mandal, Samir; Chakrabarti, Sandip K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Observational Signature of Tidal Disruption of a Star by a Massive Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We have modeled the time-variable profiles of the H? emission line from the nonaxisymmetric disk and debris tail created in the tidal disruption of a solar-type star by a 10 6 M? black hole. We find that the line profiles at these very early stages of the evolution of the postdisruption debris do not resemble the double peaked profiles expected from a rotating disk since the debris has not yet settled into such a stable structure. The predicted line profiles vary on fairly short time scales (of order hours to days). As a result of the uneven distribution of the debris and the existence of a tidal tail (the stream of returning debris), the line profiles depend sensitively on the orientation of the tail relative to the line of sight. Given the illuminating UV/X-ray light curve, we also model the H? light curve from the debris. Light Curves and Emission Line Profiles From the Tidal Debris Simulations of tidal disruption of a star were carried out using a three-dimensional, relativistic, smooth-particle hydrodynamics code (Laguna et al. 1993), to describe the early evolution of the debris during the first fifty to ninety days. We have used the photoionization code CLOUDY (Ferland 1996) to calculate the physical conditions and radiative processes in the debris. To obtain the observed profile from the relativistic

Tamara Bogdanovi?; Michael Eracleous; Suvrath Mahadevan; Steinn Sigurdsson; Pablo Laguna

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Combining ultrasonic sward height and spectral signatures to assess the biomass of legume-grass swards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In binary mixtures of either white clover (Trifolium repens L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) or lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) as well as in pure swards of each single species, biomass has been assessed ... Keywords: Grassland, Precision farming, Ultrasonic sensor, Vegetation index, Yield

Thomas Fricke, Michael Wachendorf

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

X-ray absorption signatures of the molecular environment in water and ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The x-ray absorption spectra of water and ice are calculated with a many-body approach for electron-hole excitations. The experimental features, including the small effects of temperature change in the liquid, are quantitatively reproduced from molecular configurations generated by ab-initio molecular dynamics. The spectral difference between the solid and the liquid is due to two major short range order effects. One, due to breaking of hydrogen bonds, enhances the pre-edge intensity in the liquid. The other, due to a non-bonded molecular fraction in the first coordination shell, affects the main spectral edge in the conversion of ice to water. This effect may not involve hydrogen bond breaking as shown by experiment in high-density amorphous ice.

Wei Chen; Xifan Wu; Roberto Car

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

458

Generating immunological signatures of diseases by multiplex analysis of single cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large diversity of cells that comprise the human immune system requires methods that can resolve the contributions of individual cells to an immunological response. The release of cytokines is one of several important ...

Han, Qing, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Relationships between Lightning Location and Polarimetric Radar Signatures in a Small Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 19 June 2004, the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment observed electrical, microphysical, and kinematic properties of a small mesoscale convective system (MCS). The primary observing systems were the Oklahoma Lightning ...

Nicole R. Lund; Donald R. MacGorman; Terry J. Schuur; Michael I. Biggerstaff; W. David Rust

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Search for a Standard Model Higgs Boson with a Dilepton and Missing Energy Signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is the search for a standard model Higgs boson decaying to a pair of W bosons that in turn decay leptonically, H {yields} W{sup +}W{sup -} {yields} {bar {ell}}{nu}{ell}{bar {nu}}. This search is performed considering events produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, where two oppositely charged lepton candidates (e{sup +}e{sup -}, e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}}, or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}), and missing transverse energy, have been reconstructed. The data were collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, and are tested against the standard model predictions computed for a Higgs boson with mass in the range 115-200 GeV. No excess of events over background is observed, and limits on Standard Model Higgs boson production are determined. An interpretation of these limits within the hypothesis of a fourth-generation extension to the standard model is also given. The overall analysis scheme is the same for the three dilepton pairs being considered (e{sup +}e{sup -}, e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}}, or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}); this thesis, however, describes in detail the study of the dimuon final state.

Gerbaudo, Davide; /Princeton U.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Groundwater Quality Signatures for Assessing Potential Impacts from Coal Combustion Product Leachate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boron and sulfate are recognized as potential indicators of the influence of leachate from coal-combustion products (CCPs) on groundwater quality. However, there are cases in which these two constituents do not provide sufficient data to characterize groundwater for potential impacts from CCPs. In these cases, the concentrations of other indicator constituents in solution and/or advanced analytical techniques may be used to support other information. A three-tiered analysis approach can provide a ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Signature of the Midlatitude Tropospheric Storm Tracks in the Surface Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Storm-track analysis is applied to the meridional winds at 10 m and 850 hPa for the winters of 19992006. The analysis is focused on the North Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean basins and the Southern Ocean spanning the region south of the Indian ...

James F. Booth; Lu Anne Thompson; Jrme Patoux; Kathryn A. Kelly; Suzanne Dickinson

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

GRB110721A: AN EXTREME PEAK ENERGY AND SIGNATURES OF THE PHOTOSPHERE  

SciTech Connect

GRB110721A was observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope using its two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). The burst consisted of one major emission episode which lasted for {approx}24.5 s (in the GBM) and had a peak flux of (5.7 {+-} 0.2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}. The time-resolved emission spectrum is best modeled with a combination of a Band function and a blackbody spectrum. The peak energy of the Band component was initially 15 {+-} 2 MeV, which is the highest value ever detected in a GRB. This measurement was made possible by combining GBM/BGO data with LAT Low Energy events to achieve continuous 10-100 MeV coverage. The peak energy later decreased as a power law in time with an index of -1.89 {+-} 0.10. The temperature of the blackbody component also decreased, starting from {approx}80 keV, and the decay showed a significant break after {approx}2 s. The spectrum provides strong constraints on the standard synchrotron model, indicating that alternative mechanisms may give rise to the emission at these energies.

Axelsson, M. [Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Baring, M. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, MS-108, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251 (United States); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'M. Merlin' dell'Universita e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau (France); Buehler, R.; Cameron, R. A.; Chiang, J.; Claus, R. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Caliandro, G. A. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Caraveo, P. A. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Cecchi, C.; D'Ammando, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Chaves, R. C. G. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Chekhtman, A. [Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Conrad, J. [Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Cutini, S., E-mail: magnusa@astro.su.se, E-mail: moretti@particle.kth.se, E-mail: felix@particle.kth.se, E-mail: josefin.larsson@astro.su.se, E-mail: james.m.burgess@nasa.gov [Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); and others

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Vertical and Lateral Mixing Processes Deduced from the Mediterranean Water Signature in the North Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conservation equations of heat, salt, and mass are combined in such a way that a simple relation is found between the known volume flux of Mediterranean Water entering the North Atlantic Ocean and the effects of lateral and vertical mixing ...

Jan D. Zika; Trevor J. McDougall

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Efficient Online/Offline Identity-Based Signature for Wireless Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction in costs of computation and storage, our scheme is particularly suitable for the WSN environment, communication, memory, and battery power, providing authenticity in WSN poses different challenges than

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

466

Born's Rule as Signature of a Super-Classical Current Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new tool for calculating the interference patterns and particle trajectories of a double-, three- and N-slit system on the basis of an emergent sub-quantum theory developed by our group throughout the last years. The quantum itself is considered as an emergent system representing an off-equilibrium steady state oscillation maintained by a constant throughput of energy provided by a classical zero-point energy field. We introduce the concept of a "relational causality" which allows for evaluating structural interdependences of different systems levels, i.e. in our case of the relations between partial and total probability density currents, respectively. Combined with the application of 21st century classical physics like, e.g., modern nonequilibrium thermodynamics, we thus arrive at a "super-classical" theory. Within this framework, the proposed current algebra directly leads to a new formulation of the guiding equation which is equivalent to the original one of the de Broglie-Bohm theory. By proving the absence of third order interferences in three-path systems it is shown that Born's rule is a natural consequence of our theory. Considering the series of one-, double-, or, generally, of N-slit systems, with the first appearance of an interference term in the double slit case, we can explain the violation of Sorkin's first order sum rule, just as the validity of all higher order sum rules. Moreover, the Talbot patterns and Talbot distance for an arbitrary N-slit device can be reproduced exactly by our model without any quantum physics tool.

Siegfried Fussy; Johannes Mesa Pascasio; Herbert Schwabl; Gerhard Groessing

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

467

Machine-Generated Algorithms, Proofs and Software for the Batch Verification of Digital Signature Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expand upon an extended abstract on AutoBatch appearing in ACM CCS 2012 in a number of ways. We add a new Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) under contract FA (DARPA) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) under contract FA8750-11-2-0211, the Office of Naval

468

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of commercial energy management systems, IEEE Transactionsfor intelligent energy management systems of resi- dentialin an intelligent energy management system, three approaches

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Subsurface mass transport affects the radioxenon signatures that are used to identify clandestine nuclear tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detail. In nuclear accidents such as that in Fukushima, a high radiation dose of a few Gy can be absorbed reconstruction for the Fukushima event carried out by Garnier-Laplace et al.,1 the maxi- mum dose rates for 131 I-Seiller, K.; Hinton, T. G. Fukushima wildlife dose reconstruction signals ecological consequen- ces. Environ

Deinert, Mark

470

Carbon isotope signatures of fatty acids in Geobacter metallireducens and Shewanella algae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research administered by the Office of Science (Grant #DE-FC02-96 ER 62278, DCW). [EO] References Abraham

Lovley, Derek

471

The Surface-Pressure Signature of Atmospheric Tides in Modern Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although atmospheric tides driven by solar heating are readily detectable at the earths surface as variations in air pressure, their simulations in current coupled global climate models have not been fully examined. This work examines near-...

Curt Covey; Aiguo Dai; Dan Marsh; Richard S. Lindzen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Enhanced Polarimetric Radar Signatures above the Melting Level in a Supercell Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compelling in situ and polarimetric radar observations from a severe Oklahoma supercell storm are presented. The in situ observations are from an aircraft that entered the storm above the main inflow region, sampling the embryo curtain, main ...

Matthew L. Loney; Duan S. Zrni?; Jerry M. Straka; Alexander V. Ryzhkov

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to explain the heat transfer process. The room is separatedTherefore, these heat transfer processes would need to beParameters . . Heat and mass transfer processes involved in

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Toward Automated Identification of Sea Surface Temperature Front Signatures in Radarsat-2 Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian Forces Meteorology and Oceanography Center produces a near-daily ocean feature analysis, based on sea surface temperature (SST) images collected by spaceborne radiometers, to keep the fleet informed of the location of tactically ...

Chris T. Jones; Todd D. Sikora; Paris W. Vachon; John Wolfe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Signature of Inertial and Tidal Currents in Offshore Wave Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roughness of the sea surface can be affected by strong currents. Here, long records of surface wave heights from buoy observations in the northeastern Pacific Ocean are examined. The data show the influence of tidal currents, but the first ...

Johannes Gemmrich; Chris Garrett

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Chromatin Signature Reveals over a Thousand Highly Conserved Large Non-Coding Rnas in Mammals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is growing recognition that mammalian cells produce many thousands of large intergenic transcripts [1, 2, 3, 4]. However, the functional significance of these transcripts has been particularly controversial. Although ...

Guttman, Mitchell

477

4 nature physics | VOL 3 | JANUARY 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephysics Seismic signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@LDEO.columbia.edu T he Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) bans all nuclear explosions, whether made detonation was the first nuclear test since the CTBT Organization -- headquartered in Vienna (Austria provided excellent seismic data following the test in October 2006. The nuclear explosion in North Korea

Loss, Daniel

478

Signatures of Mixing from the Bermuda Slope, the Sargasso Sea and the Gulf Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nearly simultaneous profiles of temperature microstructure and velocity shear were made adjacent to the island of Bermuda. Profiles with elevated microstructure levels were found in close association with regions of pronounced steplike ...

M. C. Gregg; T. B. Sanford

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

High Redshift Gamma-Ray Bursts: Observational Signatures of Superconducting Cosmic Strings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-redshift gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), GRBs 080913 and 090423, challenge the conventional GRB progenitor models by their short durations, typical for short GRBs, and their high energy releases, typical for long GRBs. Meanwhile, the GRB rate inferred from high-redshift GRBs also remarkably exceeds the prediction of the collapsar model, with an ordinary star formation history. We show that all these contradictions could be eliminated naturally, if we ascribe some high-redshift GRBs to electromagnetic bursts of superconducting cosmic strings. High-redshift GRBs could become a reasonable way to test the superconducting cosmic string model, because the event rate of cosmic string bursts increases rapidly with increasing redshifts, whereas the collapsar rate decreases.

K. S. Cheng; Yun-Wei Yu; T. Harko

2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

480

WOSMIP II- Workshop on Signatures of Medical and Industrial Isotope Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Medical and industrial fadioisotopes are fundamental tools used in science, medicine and industry with an ever expanding usage in medical practice where their availability is vital. Very sensitive environmental radionuclide monitoring networks have been developed for nuclear-security-related monitoring [particularly Comprehensive Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT) compliance verification] and are now operational.

Matthews, Murray; Achim, Pascal; Auer, M.; Bell, Randy; Bowyer, Ted W.; Braekers, Damien; Bradley, Ed; Briyatmoko, Budi; Berglund, Helena; Camps, Johan; Carranza, Eduardo C.; Carty, Fitz; DeCaire, Richard; Deconninck, Benoit; DeGeer, Lars E.; Druce, Michael; Friese, Judah I.; Hague, Robert; Hoffman, Ian; Khrustalev, Kirill; Lucas, John C.; Mattassi, G.; Mattila, Aleski; Nava, Elisabetta; Nikkinin, Mika; Papastefanou, Constantin; Piefer, Gregory R.; Quintana, Eduardo; Ross, Ole; Rotty, Michel; Sabzian, Mohammad; Saey, Paul R.; Sameh, A. A.; Safari, M.; Schoppner, Michael; Siebert, Petra; Unger, Klaus K.; Vargas, Albert

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "logan sholar signature" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Spectral induced polarization signatures of hydroxide adsorption and mineral precipitation in porous media  

SciTech Connect

The spectral induced polarization (SIP) technique is a promising approach for delineating subsurface physical and chemical property changes in a minimally invasive manner. We investigated spatiotemporal variations in complex conductivity during evolution of urea hydrolysis and calcite precipitation reaction fronts within a silica gel column. The real and imaginary parts of complex conductivity were shown to be sensitive to changes in both solution chemistry and calcium carbonate precipitation. Distinct changes in imaginary conductivity coincided with increased hydroxide ion concentration during urea hydrolysis. In a separate experiment focused on the effect of hydroxide concentration on interfacial polarization of silica gel and well-sorted sand, we found a strong dependence of the polarization response on pH changes of the solution. We propose a conceptual model describing hydroxide ion adsorption behavior in silica gel and its control on interfacial polarizability. Our results demonstrate the utility of SIP for non-invasive monitoring of reaction fronts, and indicate its potential for quantifying geochemical processes that control the polarization responses of porous media at larger spatial scales in the natural environment.

Chi Zhang; Lee Slater; George Redden; Yoshiko Fujita; Timothy Johnson; Don Fox

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Response Electrical Appliance Manager . . . . . TmoteDemand Responsive Electrical Appliance Manager), based on aheavy energy-consuming appliances such as air-conditioners,

Jang, Jaehwi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Exciton and biexciton signatures in femotosecond transient absorption of {pi}-conjugated oligomers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report femotosecond transient-absorption studies of a five-ring oligomer of polyphenylenevinylene (PPV) prepared in two different forms: as solid-state films and dilute solutions. Both types of samples exhibit a photoinduced absorption (PA) band with dynamics which closely match those of the stimulated emission (SE), demonstrating unambiguously that these features originate from the same species, namely from intrachain singlet excitons. Photo-chemical degradation of the solid-state samples is demonstrated to dramatically shorten the SE dynamics above a moderate incident pump fluence, whereupon the dynamics of the SE and the long-wavelength PA no longer coincide. In contrast to solutions, solid-state films exhibit an additional short-wavelength PA band with pump-independent dynamics, indicating the efficient formation of non-emissive inter-chain excitons. Correlations in the subpicosecond dynamics of the two PA features, as well as the pump intensity-dependence provide strong evidence that the formation of inter-chain excitons is mediated by intrachain two-exciton states. At high pump levels, the authors see a clear indication of interaction between excited states also in dilute solutions. This is manifested as a superlinear pump-dependence and shortening of the decay dynamics of the SE. They attribute this behavior to the formation of biexcitons resulting from coherent interaction between two excitons on a single chain.

Klimov, V.; McBranch, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Barashkov, N.; Ferraris, J. [Univ. of Texas, Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

SOURCE SIGNATURES OF FINE PARTICULATE MATTER FROM PETROLEUM REFINING AND FUEL USE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The molecular structure and microstructure of a suite of fine particulate matter (PM) samples produced by the combustion of residual fuel oil and diesel fuel were investigated by an array of analytical techniques. Some of the more important results are summarized below. Diesel PM (DPM): A small diesel engine test facility was used to generate a suite of diesel PM samples from different fuels under engine load and idle conditions. C XANES, {sup 13}C NMR, XRD, and TGA were in accord that the samples produced under engine load conditions contained more graphitic material than those produced under idle conditions, which contained a larger amount of unburned diesel fuel and lubricating oil. The difference was enhanced by the addition of 5% of oxygenated compounds to the reference fuel. Scanning transmission x-ray micro-spectroscopy (STXM) was able to distinguish particulate regions rich in C=C bonds from regions rich in C-H bonds with a resolution of {approx}50 nm. The former are representative of more graphitic regions and the latter of regions rich in unburned fuel and oil. The dominant microstructure observed by SEM and TEM consisted of complex chain-like structures of PM globules {approx}20-100 nm in mean diameter, with a high fractal dimension. High resolution TEM revealed that the graphitic part of the diesel soot consisted of onion-like structures made up of graphene layers. Typically 3-10 graphene layers make up the ''onion rings'', with the layer spacing decreasing as the number of layers increases. ROFA PM: Residual oil fly ash (ROFA) PM has been analyzed by a new approach that combines XAFS spectroscopy with selective leaching procedures. ROFA PM{sub 2.5} and PM{sub 2.5+} produced in combustion facilities at the U.S. EPA National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRML) were analyzed by XAFS before and after leaching with water, acid (1N HCl), and pentane. Both water and acid leaching removed most of the metal sulfates, which were the dominant phase present for most metals (V, Ni, Zn, etc.). This allowed conclusive identification in the leaching residue of important secondary sulfide and oxide phases, including Ni sulfide, a toxic and carcinogenic phase observed in the leached PM{sub 2.5+} samples. Other significant secondary phases identified included V{sub 2}O{sub 4}, V sulfide, and NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}.

Gerald P. Huffman; Frank E. Huggins; Naresh Shah; Artur Braun; Yuanzhi Chen; J. David Robertson; Joseph Kyger; Adel F. Sarofim; Ronald J. Pugmire; Henk L.C. Meuzelaar; JoAnn Lighty

2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Fusion of visual and thermal signatures with eyeglass removal for robust face recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes a fusion of visual and thermal infrared (IR) images for robust face recognition. Two types of fusion methods are discussed: data fusion and decision fusion. Data fusion produces an illumination-invariant face image by adaptively integrating registered visual and thermal face images. Decision fusion combines matching scores of individual face recognition modules. In the data fusion process, eyeglasses, which block thermal energy, are detected from thermal images and replaced with an eye template. Three fusion-based face recognition techniques are implemented and tested: Data fusion of visual and thermal images (Df), Decision fusion with highest matching score (Fh), and Decision fusion with average matching score (Fa). A commercial face recognition software FaceIt is used as an individual recognition module. Comparison results show that fusion-based face recognition techniques outperformed individual visual and thermal face recognizers under illumination variations and facial expressions. I.

Jingu Heo; Seong G. Kong; Besma R. Abidi; Mongi A. Abidi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Microsoft Word - NEAC_Rev-drft3 final _2_wfm signature.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advisory Committee Advisory Committee June 30, 2011 Dr. Steven Chu Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20855 Dear Secretary Chu: This letter is provided to you in response to the request of the Assistant Secretary of Nuclear Energy in his August 20 th , 2010 letter to the Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee (NEAC) to review the Next Generation Nuclear Plant activities and to advise whether the Project is ready to proceed to its second phase. Background The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project was established under the Energy Policy Act in August 2005 (EPACT-2005). EPACT-2005 defined an overall plan and timetable for NGNP research, design, licensing, construction and operation by the end of FY 2021. At the time that EPACT-2005 was passed, it was envisioned that key aspects of the project included:

487

Neutron interrogation system using high gamma ray signature to detect contraband special nuclear materials in cargo  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for inspecting cargo for the presence of special nuclear material. The cargo is irradiated with neutrons. The neutrons produce fission products in the special nuclear material which generate gamma rays. The gamma rays are detecting indicating the presence of the special nuclear material.

Slaughter, Dennis R. (Oakland, CA); Pohl, Bertram A. (Berkeley, CA); Dougan, Arden D. (San Ramon, CA); Bernstein, Adam (Palo Alto, CA); Prussin, Stanley G. (Kensington, CA); Norman, Eric B. (Oakland, CA)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Ultrasonic signatures at the superconducting and the pseudogap phase boundaries in YBCO cuprates.  

SciTech Connect

A major issue in the understanding of cuprate superconductors is the nature of the metallic state from which high temperature superconductivity emerges. Central to this issue is the pseudogap region of the doping-temperature phase diagram that extends from room temperature to the superconducting transition. Although polarized neutron scattering studies hint at magnetic order associated with the pseudogap, there is no clear thermodynamic evidence for a phase boundary. Such evidence has a straightforward physical interpretation, however, it is difficult to obtain over a temperature range wide enough to encompass both the pseudogap and superconducting phases. We address this by measuring the elastic response of detwinned single crystals, an underdoped YBCO{sub 6.60} with superconducting transition at T{sub c} = 61.6K and a slightly overdoped YBCO{sub 6.98} with T{sub c} = 88.0K. We observe a discontinuity in the elastic moduli across the superconducting transition. Its magnitude requires that pair formation is coincident with superconducting coherence (the onset of the Meissner effect). For both crystals the elastic response reveals a phase transition at the pseudogap boundary. In slightly overdoped YBCO that transition is 20K below T{sub c}, extending the pseudogap phase boundary inside the superconducting dome. This supports a description of the metallic state in cuprates where a pseudogap phase boundary evolves into a quantum critical point masked by the superconducting dome.

Shehter, Arkady [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Migliori, Albert [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Betts, Jonathan B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balakirev, Fedor F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McDonald, Ross David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Riggs, Scott C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ramshaw, Brad [University of British Columbia, Canada; Liang, Ruixing [University of British Columbia, Canada; Hardy, Walter N. [University of British Columbia, Canada; Bonn, Doug A. [University of British Columbia, Canada

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

489

Total Lightning Signatures of Thunderstorm Intensity over North Texas. Part II: Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total lightning data from the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR II) research network in addition to cloud-to-ground flash data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and data from the DallasFort Worth, Texas, Weather ...

Scott M. Steiger; Richard E. Orville; Lawrence D. Carey

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Total Lightning Signatures of Thunderstorm Intensity over North Texas. Part I: Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that total lightning mapping, along with radar and National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) cloud-to-ground lightning data, can be used to diagnose the severity of a thunderstorm. Analysis of supercells, some of which were tornadic,...

Scott M. Steiger; Richard E. Orville; Lawrence D. Carey

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The Signature of ENSO in Global Temperature and Precipitation Fields Derived from the Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global temperature anomalies associated with ENSO are investigated, making use of a 13-year record of gridded temperature and precipitation data from the microwave sounding unit (MSU). The warm phase of the ENSO cycle during this period was ...

Elena Yulaeva; John M. Wallace

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Microsoft Word - LBNL M2FT-12LB0807061 final with signatures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lee C.A. (1996) Modelling rock using bonded assemblies of circular particles. In: Proceedings of the 1996 2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, NARMS'96, pp. 19-37....

493

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 19, 2010 April 19, 2010 CX-002099: Categorical Exclusion Determination Solar Thermal Water Heaters CX(s) Applied: B2.1, A9, B5.1 Date: 04/19/2010 Location(s): Logan, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 19, 2010 CX-002098: Categorical Exclusion Determination Condensing Summer Boiler CX(s) Applied: B2.1, B2.5, A9, B5.1 Date: 04/19/2010 Location(s): Logan, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 19, 2010 CX-002097: Categorical Exclusion Determination Additional Thermostatic Zones CX(s) Applied: B2.1, B2.2, A9, B1.4, B5.1 Date: 04/19/2010 Location(s): Logan, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 19, 2010 CX-001861: Categorical Exclusion Determination Park County's Activity Area 1 (Development of Energy Efficiency and

494

Microsoft Word - Haxtun FINAL EA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINAL FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR HAXTUN WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Region JANUARY 2012 DOE/EA-1812 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR HAXTUN WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Region JANUARY 2012 DOE/EA-1812 iii January 2012 COVER SHEET RESPONSIBLE AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy TITLE: Environmental Assessment for Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips Counties,

495

California Energy Incentive Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Energy California Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program December 2011 i Contacts Utility Acquisitions, ESPCs, PPAs Tracy Logan U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program EE-2L 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 Phone: (202) 586-9973 E-mail: tracy.logan@ee.doe.gov Principal Research Associate Elizabeth Stuart Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720 Phone: (510)495-2370 E-mail: estuart@lbl.gov ii Contents Overview ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

496

RADIO SIGNATURES OF CORONAL-MASS-EJECTION-STREAMER INTERACTION AND SOURCE DIAGNOSTICS OF TYPE II RADIO BURST  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that type II radio bursts are due to energetic electrons accelerated at coronal shocks. Radio observations, however, have poor or no spatial resolutions to pinpoint the exact acceleration locations of these electrons. In this paper, we discuss a promising approach to infer the electron acceleration location by combining radio and white light observations. The key assumption is to relate specific morphological features (e.g., spectral bumps) of the dynamic spectra of type II radio bursts to imaging features (e.g., coronal mass ejection (CME) going into a streamer) along the CME (and its driven shock) propagation. In this study, we examine the CME-streamer interaction for the solar eruption dated on 2003 November 1. The presence of spectral bump in the relevant type II radio burst is identified, which is interpreted as a natural result of the shock-radio-emitting region entering the dense streamer structure. The study is useful for further determinations of the location of type II radio burst and the associated electron acceleration by CME-driven shock.

Feng, S. W.; Chen, Y.; Kong, X. L.; Li, G.; Song, H. Q. [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial Environment, School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Feng, X. S. [SIGMA Weather Group, State Key laboratory for Space Weather, Center for Space Science and Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Liu Ying, E-mail: yaochen@sdu.edu.cn [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Response to 'A comment on 'Signatures of fissile materials:High-energy gamma rays following fission,' by Zeev B. Alfassi'  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Prof. Alfassi has pointed out that radionuclides that are not fission products, but which emit {gamma} rays with energies E{sub {gamma}} > 3 MeV, can be produced by neutron irradiation. He suggested that the decays of such activation products would interfere with the identification of fissionable materials. However, the combination of the energy spectrum and the temporal variation of the fission product gamma rays can be used to distinguish fissionable material from other nuclides. The activation of nuclides that could produce interferences will depend upon the specifics of the cargo and, possibly, the local surroundings. As discussed in our original publication, in addition to the steel that Prof. Alfassi referred to in his Comment, we studied the activation of wood, polyethylene, aluminum, and sandstone. Activation by thermal neutrons will always occur, and Prof. Alfassi correctly points out that nuclides such as {sup 49}Ca and {sup 37}S can be formed in this way. These nuclides are representative of most potential interferences. Both {sup 48}Ca and {sup 36}S have very low isotopic abundances (0.187% and 0.02%, respectively) and small thermal neutron capture cross sections (0.20 barns and 0.98 barns, respectively). In addition, their half lives are more than an order of magnitude longer than the gross average observed from the fission products, and more than two orders of magnitude longer than the lifetimes of the shorter-lived fission products that contribute significantly to the total intensity in the energy range of interest. These differences make it possible to distinguish between fission products and thermal neutron activation products. Prof. Alfassi also pointed out that interferences, of which {sup 16}N is likely to be the most important, can be produced by fast neutron reactions. (As described in our original publication, we did not use a 14 MeV generator in our work.) Fortunately, a judicious choice of the source neutron energy can limit the extent of these interferences quite significantly. For example, the laboratory threshold for the reaction {sup 16}O(n,p){sup 16}N is 10.2 MeV, while that for the reaction {sup 19}F(n,{alpha}){sup 16}N is 1.6 MeV. Thus a source neutron energy around 5 MeV would completely eliminate the {sup 16}O(n,p){sup 16}N reaction and limit the {sup 19}F(n,{alpha}){sup 16}N reaction to that portion of the cargo in which neutrons with energies greater than 1.6 MeV were present. However, even in the presence of {sup 16}N, the energy spectrum and temporal variation of the fission product gamma rays should be decisive in distinguishing fissionable material from these interferences.

Norman, Eric B.; Prussin, Stanley G.; Larimer, Ruth-Mary; Shugart, Howard; Browne, Edgardo; Smith, Alan R.; McDonald, Richard J.; Nitsche, Heino; Gupta, Puja; Frank, Michael I.; Gosnell, Thomas B.

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

498

MORB that have formed in conjunction with continental rifting and where EM-1 component signatures occur. A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

there is a relationship between the property and the logs. Similar opinions have been emphasised in Wendt et al. (1986

499

Classifiers for the Causes of Data Loss Using Packet-Loss Signatures* Phillip M. Dickens1, 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transmission window. We are exploring the application of complexity theory to the problem of learning be mapped to the underlying causes of packet loss, and provide experimental results demonstrating the effectiveness of our approach. 1 Introduction Comput