National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for local distributors retailers

  1. Analysis of Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Oral Jr.; Lambregts, Johannes Adrianus

    1990-01-01

    Southern Regional Aquaculture Center I I ~\\ '?7 B-16~ SRAC No. 512 November 1990 :1. o' Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Charles J. Arntzen, Director The Texas A...&M University System College -station, Texas (Blank Page In 0 -rigiaal BuDetinl ? 7 . k. :i'; ;:: ~?- .? ,.: t : .. '? Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish Oral Capps, Jr. and Johannes Adrianus Lambregts1 1Respectively...

  2. Got the "Buy Local" bug? Here are some resources for you! From farmers markets to grocery stores to university cafeterias, more retailers are showcasing food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.

    Got the "Buy Local" bug? Here are some resources for you! From farmers markets to grocery stores to university cafeterias, more retailers are showcasing food grown and raised by local farmers and ranchers retailers develop local food connections. Below is a list of some of just some of the many USDA resources

  3. Optimization of interbed distributors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litchfield, J. [Brown and Root, Inc., Alhambra, CA (United States); Pedersen, M.; Sampath, V. [ARCO Products Co., Anaheim, CA (United States)

    1996-12-01

    ARCO Products Company and Brown and Root teamed up to develop trickle bed reactor internals for improved mixing and redistribution performance. Initial application was in a five-bed hydrocracking reactor, in which several beds experienced radial temperature gradients as high as 30--70 F by end of run. Bed temperature response to changes in quench rate was also poor. The challenge was to develop interbed distributors which will provide good gas/liquid mixing as well as: provide fast and predictable quench response; minimize the radial temperature gradients in each bed; handle the various single and mixed phase flow regimes that the catalyst beds experience during an operating cycle; fit into the existing interbed space; operate within a pressure drop limit. The result of the design effort is a seven stage interbed distributor that meets all the above objectives and was recently awarded a patent. This new two-phase flow mixer/redistributor system, which is particularly effective in low liquid flow operating regimes, has been operating successfully for 33 months. Radial temperature gradients are less than 10 F, and bed temperatures respond predictably to quench changes. By reducing peak bed temperatures, operating cycle length is extended. More uniform temperatures result in improved liquid yields, less gas and better operability, which has eliminated concerns about temperature runaway.

  4. Entrepreneur.com U.S. home-center retailer attitudes, perceptions and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entrepreneur.com U.S. home-center retailer attitudes, perceptions and behaviors regarding forest. In this study, we surveyed the top 500 home-center retailers in the United States to ascertain, and distribution. This study attempts to shed light on the retail distributor of the supply chain, where decisions

  5. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    by   the   Industrial   Revolution   and   the  to   the   industrial   revolution,   the   retailing  wrought   by  the  Industrial  Revolution  in  the  United  

  6. Rosemount Orchard is a sustainable development driven by a sense of community. It will offer affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space. The goal of the community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space. Rosemount Orchard will be a destination neighborhood for everyone, with community classes, farmer markets neighbors in with a pedestrian bridge! The will also be two highly visible retail strips close

  7. MFR PAPER 987 During 1968-1971, retail prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 987 During 1968-1971, retail prices of fish products rose faster than beef or poultry price.;. Here an economist discusses where the money goes. Price Spreads of Fish Products Among Producers and Distributors ERWIN S. PENN ABSTRACT The rapid increase off ish prices has recenfly caused

  8. HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION DISTRIBUTORS INTERNATIONAL...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION DISTRIBUTORS INTERNATIONAL (HARDI) HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION DISTRIBUTORS INTERNATIONAL (HARDI) OE Framework Document...

  9. Gas distributor for fluidized bed coal gasifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Worley, Arthur C. (Mt. Tabor, NJ); Zboray, James A. (Irvine, CA)

    1980-01-01

    A gas distributor for distributing high temperature reaction gases to a fluidized bed of coal particles in a coal gasification process. The distributor includes a pipe with a refractory reinforced lining and a plurality of openings in the lining through which gas is fed into the bed. These feed openings have an expanding tapered shape in the downstream or exhaust direction which aids in reducing the velocity of the gas jets as they enter the bed.

  10. The calm before the storm. [Retail wheeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1993-05-15

    The right to refuse retail wheeling requests is one of the cornerstones of a utility's monopoly power. Utilities have fought staunchly to preserve it, most recently in preventing retail wheeling from becoming an important issue in the congressional debate over deregulation; the Energy Policy Act of 1992 steered clear of it. For the present, the prohibition of retail wheeling gives utilities enormous power over the retail electric power market. The ability to refuse retail wheeling requests, of course, prevents retail customers from buying power from third parties. This enables a utility to sell retail customers all the power it can generate, at a price that covers its cost plus an allowed return-even if its price exceeds that of power available in the wholesale market. The denial of retail wheeling thus protects a utility's inefficiencies, whose price is ultimately shouldered onto customers through cost-plus electric rates. Allowing retail wheeling would remove the foundation for much of the current monopoly power that utilities enjoy. Third parties could sell power to a utility's retail customers, since the utility would be required to wheel it. Retail customers would be able to bypass the local distribution utility to buy power from the cheapest source available. Market forces would drive pricing rather than the cost-plus ratemaking process. A utility whose electric rates were above market would have to meet the competitive price or lose sales.

  11. cfm Distributors, Inc. 1104 Union Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    wholesale distributor of Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration systems, components, supplies's historic West Bottoms (Central Industrial District). Our corporate headquarters serves as the nerve center the Armourdale and Central Industrial District Kansas and Missouri Units and modify the total project cost

  12. Retail Electricity Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

    2004-01-01

    Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

  13. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    institutions, and retail market structure. Next, threeof these firms on retail markets across the globe today.controlled much of the retail market), conflicts between

  14. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    lean retail strategy that uses market power and digitalpower resources, bargaining institutions, and retail marketProducer Power, and the “Push” System The retail markets in

  15. PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    April 2013 Asa Roy PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN #12;1 Introduction experience with solar power. Research and interviews with the Tennessee's Green Power Providers Program, Green Power Providers Coordinators at several urban distributors, and solar installers in Tennessee

  16. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU PRICES APRIL 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch of Market Development FISHERY with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain a v e rage retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail

  17. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for s veral types of canned tuna, canned salmon

  18. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES NOVEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types. Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities. This issue contains

  19. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE ll959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDUFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labo r Statistics to obtain average retail prices for selected

  20. CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES, OC1rOIBrE~ UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INT...n.~""n FISH retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types. Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities. This issue contains

  1. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JA.NUARY 11959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JANUARY 195 9 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain average retail prices for se lected

  2. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch canned fish items. The retail prices as contain d h rein for s veral types of canned tuna, canned salmon

  3. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2004-01-01

    and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asymmet-George. (2004) “Retail Gasoline Price Dynamics and LocalAsymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  4. Characterization of Hall effect thruster propellant distributors with flame visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mitchell

    an ignition kernel in lean methane/air mixtures under engine conditions Phys. Fluids 24, 105108 (2012. The technique is demonstrated for three propellant distributors us- ing a propane-air mixture at reservoir

  5. Retailer Energy Alliance Subcommittees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-07-01

    This fact sheet describes the Retailer Energy Alliances Subcommittees: Lighting and Electrical, Restaurant and Food Preparation, Refrigeration, HVAC, and Whole Building Systems.

  6. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    in wholesale and retail markets. The survey template wasvia wholesale or retail markets. DR incentive paymentsof DR in wholesale and retail market and system operations.

  7. Fluid-solid contact vessel having fluid distributors therein

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Jr., John B. (Rifle, CO)

    1980-09-09

    Rectangularly-shaped fluid distributors for large diameter, vertical vessels include reinforcers for high heat operation, vertical sides with gas distributing orifices and overhanging, sloped roofs. Devices are provided for cleaning the orifices from a buildup of solid deposits resulting from the reactions in the vessel.

  8. RetailSystems.com Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    Journal Top of the Net Retail Systems Alert Japan Retail IT Solutions Directory Community Centers January people can work consecutively and when employees are eligible for overtime pay. Furthermore, there could. The retailer must find a way to take all these constraints into account while satisfying corporate, employee

  9. CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE I TERI R FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU to obtain average retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein by the U. S . Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities

  10. Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the...

  11. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    and Retails Electricity Markets in SPP The Southwest Powerand Retails Electricity Markets in SPP.3 2.1 Wholesale Markets in the Southwest PowerRetail Demand Response in SPP Wholesale Markets in the Southwest Power

  12. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2000 OCTOBER 2001 P500-01-019 Gray are referred to as the "Power Source Disclosure Program." This Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2000 report fulfills that mandate for calendar year 2000. After reviewing the available data, the Energy Commission

  13. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2001 OCTOBER 2002 P500-02-036F Gray are referred to as the "Power Source Disclosure Program." This Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2001 report fulfills that mandate for calendar year 2001. After reviewing the available data, the Energy Commission

  14. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    and down- stream retail markets by increasing theretailers competing in the retail market and suppose theremarket power in the retail market and fairly general market

  15. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2006-01-01

    manufacturer and downstream retail markets by increasing theretailers competing in the retail market and suppose theremarket power in the retail market and fairly general market

  16. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    2. Wholesale and Retail Electricity Markets in the Midwestwholesale and retail electricity markets. When MISO calledthe wholesale and retail electricity markets in the Midwest

  17. California Employment Growth and Office, Industrial, and Retail Markets, 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia; Tamura, Dina

    1990-01-01

    Office, Industrial, and Retail Markets, 1990 HE Californiastate's major office and retail markets. Services employmentstate's major office and retail markets." Like manufacturing

  18. Assessing the viability of lifestyle retail development as a traditional town center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torino, Roger

    2005-01-01

    The lifestyle center, a recently emerged real estate retail product, is the culmination of shifts in cultural attitudes, real estate economic trends, and changes in the role of local government on the development of built ...

  19. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01

    Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”C. and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asym-Asymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  20. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01

    Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”C. and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asym-Asymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  1. Perfecting visibility with retailer data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Primavera

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates the utility of using retailer point of sales (POS) data in the production planning process of a consumer-packaged goods (CPG) manufacturing company. The quantitative measurements of utility include ...

  2. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    is downstream market power in the retail market and fairlymergers affect market power in the retail gasoline markets.at the retail level; retailers have market power with which

  3. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2006-01-01

    is downstream market power in the retail market and fairlymergers a?ect market power in the retail gasoline markets.at the retail level; retailers have market power with which

  4. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    energy prices IL Retail average price ($ per square foot)rents ($ per square foot) Retail rent cap (%) Energy prices

  5. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  6. Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality PIs: Dionysios Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Project PIs: Dionysios Aliprantis Tesfatsion, "Project Overview: Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid

  7. Fashion Marketing & Retailing BA (Hons) Key details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Fashion Marketing & Retailing BA (Hons) Key details Duration: Full-time: 3 years (BA) / 4 years (BA Hons) Delivery type: Day Intake date: September Fees: 54000 AED per year Overview Our Fashion Marketing and Retailing programme confidently prepares students for a career within the marketing and retailing industry

  8. Retail competition in the UK electricity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    retail market #12;Schedule for UK market opening · 1990 large users (above 1 MW max demand) · about 30Retail competition in the UK electricity sector Stephen Littlechild Workshops on Retail Competition that in electricity · but agreed need to have further separation · Now require separate legal entities & licenses

  9. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

  10. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ." All retail providers of electricity must disclose fuel source information to consumers about's default product. #12;- 2 - The law also requires all electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation (in kWh), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as

  11. Residential property values and neighborhood retail : a comparison of pedestrian and automobile oriented retail clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiffany, Thacher

    2006-01-01

    This study tests the hypothesis that home buyers pay a premium to live within walking distance of pedestrian accessible retail. To answer this question two types of retail clusters are identified in the Boston metropolitan ...

  12. Factors affecting robust retail energy markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michelman, T.S.

    1999-04-01

    This paper briefly defines an active retail market, details the factors that influence market activity and their relative importance, compares activity in various retail energy markets to date, and predicts future retail energy market activity. Three primary factors translate into high market activity: supplier margins, translated into potential savings for actively shopping customers; market size; and market barriers. The author surveys activity nationwide and predicts hot spots for the coming year.

  13. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Retailer Business Model Conclusion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Retailer Business Model Conclusion, Summary of Retailer Insights.

  14. An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Kathleen Anne

    2008-01-01

    Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

  15. A diagnostic analysis of retail out-of-stocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foo, Yong Ning

    2007-01-01

    In the highly competitive retail industry, merchandise out-of-stock (OOS) is a significant and pertinent problem. This thesis performs a diagnostic analysis on retail out-of-stocks using empirical data from a major retailer. ...

  16. Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products July 27, 2014 - 8:18pm Addthis Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S....

  17. Promotional forecasting in the grocery retail business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koottatep, Pakawkul

    2006-01-01

    Predicting customer demand in the highly competitive grocery retail business has become extremely difficult, especially for promotional items. The difficulty in promotional forecasting has resulted from numerous internal ...

  18. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

  19. Communicating pork value to the retailer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzen, Carol Lee

    1993-01-01

    the computer program generated from this data will aid the retailer in making marketing and purchasing decisions that have been time consuming in the past....

  20. The Retail Planning Problem under Demand Uncertainty.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiadis, G.; Rajaram, K.

    2012-01-01

    in which the retailer chooses suppliers, and determines thefor practitioners who choose suppliers, and make production,supply chain by selecting suppliers, and by making decisions

  1. Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Find the...

  2. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool More Documents &...

  3. Consumer Attitudes and Handling Practices of Retailers for Lamb, Mutton and Goat. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stelly, Randall

    1959-01-01

    of mutton and 11 sold an average of 259 pounds of goat meat. Most mutton and goat handlers are local independent meat retailers while meat retailers in chain stores reported selling about six times more lamb on the average than local independent... sales to merit further attempts. Most smaller handlers feel that their stock and volume of sale are too small to warrant advertising lamb. Only 1 in 3 handlers. had lamb or mutton on display at the time of interview, although 4 in 10 reported...

  4. Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electric power on Earth is transmitted using wired power transmission systems. In this system, electricalPolicy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission Girish Chowdhary, Rajeev Gadre, Narayanan solar electric power using retail delivery of beamed power. Recent advances in power beaming have made

  5. CSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    a number of hitherto unstudied aspects of retail competi- tion in electricity markets. Its starting pointCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition* Paul Joskow and Jean Tirole April 2004 This paper is part of the Center for the Study of Energy Markets (CSEM) Working Paper Series. CSEM is a program

  6. Test of candidate light distributors for the muon (g$-$2) laser calibration system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Anastasi; D. Babusci; F. Baffigi; G. Cantatore; D. Cauz; G. Corradi; S. Dabagov; G. Di Sciascio; R. Di Stefano; C. Ferrari; A. T. Fienberg; A. Fioretti; L. Fulgentini; C. Gabbanini; L. A. Gizzi; D. Hampai; D. W. Hertzog; M. Iacovacci; M. Karuza; J. Kaspar; P. Koester; L. Labate; S. Mastroianni; D. Moricciani; G. Pauletta; L. Santi; G. Venanzoni

    2015-04-01

    The new muon (g-2) experiment E989 at Fermilab will be equipped with a laser calibration system for all the 1296 channels of the calorimeters. An integrating sphere and an alternative system based on an engineered diffuser have been considered as possible light distributors for the experiment. We present here a detailed comparison of the two based on temporal response, spatial uniformity, transmittance and time stability.

  7. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

  8. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

  9. Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofin the Canadian Retail Gasoline Market”, Energy Economics [Associates. “Canadian Retail Petroleum Markets Study”, Re-

  10. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2004-01-01

    Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Empirical EvidenceAn Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market Matt Lewis*An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market Matthew Lewis ?

  11. On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2003-01-01

    homogeneous product in the retail market, and P would facein wholesale and retail markets Equilibrium prices in thecompetitive investment and retail markets would attain the

  12. STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

  13. Segmentation strategies for managing retail supply chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Catherine G. (Catherine Gloria)

    2011-01-01

    High-technology manufacturing companies often face rapid price decline and capacity constraints. Especially in the retail side of the business where the supply chain is much longer and revenue is sometimes not recognized ...

  14. Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael David, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

  15. Optimizing a Retailer's Containerized Import Supply Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Evan Taitz

    2012-01-01

    of Asian goods to the USA, Walmart, accounts for only about1,000 TEUs per year to a “Walmart-sized” retailer importingrecent import volume of Walmart, for illustrative purposes.

  16. Consumers and Pervasive Retail Panos Kourouthanasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roussos, George

    it has established no previous relationship; the retailer can optimize supply chain logistics by having are created through replenishment and preventive maintenance without customer orders; last but not least

  17. Supply chain responsiveness for a large retailer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, Sunil (Sunil Harbhushankumar)

    2011-01-01

    A large U.S. based retailer underwent a large, complex multi-year supply chain network transformation. This transformation resulted in significant savings in logistics costs. Additionally, the regional distribution center ...

  18. The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagan, Kevin William

    2011-01-01

    The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

  19. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-02-01

    This is a special CALiPER report on LED lamps available through the retail marketplace and targeted toward general consumers. It follows similar reports published in 2011 and 2012 (products purchased in 2010 and 2011), and is intended as a continuation that identifies long-term trends. For this report, products were selected to investigate specific hypotheses, rather than represent a sample of the increasingly large retail LED market.

  20. An analysis of the threshold necessary to sustain rural Texas retail outlets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adcock, Donna P

    1992-01-01

    activity into and out of them [Shaffer]. When residents go outside of the community to purchase goods, a leakage of economic activity out of that community occurs. By understanding the characteristics of local economies which support specific types... for the merchants [Shaffer]. As identified by Simon, Braschler, Kuehn and Croll, information on these thresholds will help local decisionmakers answer the following questions: ~ What type of retail outlets can this community support? ~ How many firms can...

  1. Fluidized bed heat exchanger with water cooled air distributor and dust hopper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jukkola, Walfred W. (Westport, CT); Leon, Albert M. (Mamaroneck, NY); Van Dyk, Jr., Garritt C. (Bethel, CT); McCoy, Daniel E. (Williamsport, PA); Fisher, Barry L. (Montgomery, PA); Saiers, Timothy L. (Williamsport, PA); Karstetter, Marlin E. (Loganton, PA)

    1981-11-24

    A fluidized bed heat exchanger is provided in which air is passed through a bed of particulate material containing fuel. A steam-water natural circulation system is provided for heat exchange and the housing of the heat exchanger has a water-wall type construction. Vertical in-bed heat exchange tubes are provided and the air distributor is water-cooled. A water-cooled dust hopper is provided in the housing to collect particulates from the combustion gases and separate the combustion zone from a volume within said housing in which convection heat exchange tubes are provided to extract heat from the exiting combustion gases.

  2. The effect of distributors on two-phase and three-phase flows in vertical columns 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouyang, Chie-Jan Paul

    1982-01-01

    ) - U1C (1 - E'g)/6'1 where g is the void fraction. For two-phase flow, the area fractions are related by equation 4. Substituting equation 4 into equation 3, the reduced form f' or the drift flux is obtained, Vd ? U (1- 6 ) ? Ulg The drift flux... appropriate: THE EFFECT OF DISTRIBUTORS ON TWO-PHASE AND THREE-PHASE FLOWS IN VERTICAL COLUMNS A Thesis by CHIE-JAN PAUL OUYANG Approved as to sty1e and content by: Chairm of Committee Member M mber Head of Dep rtment May 1982 ABS TRACT The Effect...

  3. Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

    2012-01-01

    In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

  4. Retail Policies and Competition in the Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim

    2005-01-01

    Total Volume Table 4 - Gasoline Price Components Year RetailEvidence from Retail Gasoline Markets." Journal of Law,and Competition in the Gasoline Industry I. II. III. IV. V.

  5. Communicating the value of veal to retail and food service 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, Michael Scott

    1997-01-01

    Twenty-nine selected styles of subprimals or sections of veal were obtained from a commercial facility to assist in the development of a software support program for retailers. They were fabricated into bone-in or boneless retail cuts...

  6. Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

    2013-01-01

    As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

  7. Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhaochhria, Pallav

    2007-01-01

    A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

  8. Retail wheeling: Is this revolution necessary?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cudahy, R.D.

    1994-12-31

    As of a former state regulator and a once enthusiastic practitioner of public utility law, I find it fascinating to see the latest nostrum to burst on the electric utility scene: retail wheeling. Wheeling became a personal interest in the Texas interconnection fight of the late seventies and may have led to the interconnection and wheeling provision of the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). Retail wheeling contemplates that every electric power customer should be given an opportunity to seek out the lowest cost source of power wherever it can be found. As a practical matter, the drums for retail wheeling are presently being beaten by large industrial users, who believe that they have the capability to find low cost sources and to make advantageous commercial arrangements to acquire electricity. Large industrials have long been fighting the utilities for cheaper electricity, frequently using the threat of self-generation and cogeneration.

  9. Seattle University Marketing 354: Introduction to Retailing Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    Seattle University Marketing 354: Introduction to Retailing Management Winter 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Retailing Management, 9th Edition, by Michael Levy, Barton A. Weitz & Dhruv Grewal, McGraw Hill of retailing, from both a strategic and tactical/executional perspective. You will be given the framework

  10. Data Mining for the category management in the retail market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bebendorf, Mario

    Data Mining for the category management in the retail market Jochen Garcke, Michael Griebel and Michael Thess January 29, 2009 1 Executive summary Worldwide the retail market is under a severe competitive market. To survive in this market most retailers use undirected mass marketing extensively. All

  11. Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as high

  12. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-075 Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Empirical Evidence from in Retail Gasoline Markets Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California Justine S, if any, of the differences in retail gasoline prices between markets is attributable to differences

  13. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

    2009-01-30

    In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

  14. August 13, 2001 To Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.energy.ca.gov/regulations/retail_disclosure.html#retaildisclosure>. Sample power content labels for the "no specific purchase case" (default) and the "50% specific purchase Disclosure Regulations (SB 1305, Power Source Disclosure Program) In March of this year, the Energy Providers for providing customers with a quarterly power content label and additionally, in some cases

  15. February 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy Commission may provideFebruary 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: Power Source Disclosure and Customer Credit on the mailing lists for the Power Source Disclosure Program and the Customer Credit Program. As someone involved

  16. Marketing of Retail Signage in Different Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Mai

    2012-04-26

    The primary purpose of this research is to look into the design of signage in different retail locations to see how each place adapts its visual presentation to accommodate its consumers. It is clear that signs are designed differently from one...

  17. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: An Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastings, Justine

    2000-01-01

    Behavior and Contracts in Retail Markets" American Economicof this potential for retail market power, many studies ofeffects of changes in retail market composition on prices.

  18. http://stir.ac.uk/4x Why study Retail Marketing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    http://stir.ac.uk/4x BA(Hons) Retail Marketing #12;Why study Retail Marketing? Retailers lead marketing: Retailers have taken over marketing leadership from manufacturers. Retailers lead innovation and change: Sophisticated customer relationship programmes, multi-channel promotional and marketing

  19. Manufacturer-to-Retailer versus Manufacturer-to-Consumer Rebates in a Supply Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aydin, Goker

    Manufacturer-to-Retailer versus Manufacturer-to-Consumer Rebates in a Supply Chain Goker Aydin rebates and retail pricing. The demand uncertainty is multiplicative, and the expected demand depends on the effective (retail) price of the product. A retailer rebate goes from the manufacturer to the retailer

  20. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royer, Michael P.; Beeson, Tracy A.

    2014-02-01

    The CALiPER program first began investigating LED lamps sold at retail stores in 2010, purchasing 33 products from eight retailers and covering six product categories. The findings revealed a fragmented marketplace, with large disparities in performance of different products, accuracy of manufacturer claims, and offerings from different retail outlets. Although there were some good products, looking back many would not be considered viable competitors to other available options, with too little lumen output, not high enough efficacy, or poor color quality. CALiPER took another look in late 2011purchasing 38 products of five different types from nine retailers and the improvement was marked. Performance was up; retailer claims were more accurate; and the price per lumen and price per unit efficacy were down, although the price per product had not changed much. Nonetheless, there was still plenty of room for improvement, with the performance of LED lamps not yet reaching that of well-established classes of conventional lamps (e.g., 75 W incandescent A19 lamps). Since the second retail lamp study was published in early 2012, there has been substantial progress in all aspects of LED lamps available from retailers. To document this progress, CALiPER again purchased a sample of lamps from retail stores 46 products in total, focusing on A19, PAR30, and MR16 lamps but instead of a random sample, sought to select products to answer specific hypotheses about performance. These hypotheses focused on expanding ranges of LED equivalency, the accuracy of lifetime claims, efficacy and price trends, as well as changes to product designs. Among other results, key findings include: There are now very good LED options to compete with 60 W, 75 W, and 100 W incandescent A19 lamps, and 75 W halogen PAR30 lamps. MR16 lamps have shown less progress, but there are now acceptable alternatives to 35 W, 12 V halogen MR16 lamps and 50 W, 120 V halogen MR16 lamps for some applications. Other uses, such as in enclosed luminaires, may require more development. At the same price point, lamps purchased in 2013 tended to have higher output and slightly higher efficacy than in 2011 or 2010. Over 30% of the products purchased in 2013 exceeded the maximum efficacy measured in 2011 (71 lm/W), with the most efficacious product measured at 105 lm/W. There appears to be increasing consistency in color quality, with a vast majority of products having a CCT of 2700 K or 3000 K and a CRI between 80 and 85. There were also fewer poor performing products tested and more high-performing products available in 2013 than in previous years. The accuracy of equivalency and performance claims was better than in 2011, but remains a concern, with 43% of tested products failing to completely meet their equivalency claim and 20% of products failing to match the manufacturer’s performance data. Although progress has been substantial, on average LED lamps remain more expensive than other energy efficiency lighting technologies -- although some aspects can be superior. Although not universal to all product lines or all product types, the issue of insufficient lumen output from LED lamps is waning. Thus, manufacturers can focus on other issues, such as reducing cost, improving electrical/dimmer compatibility, eliminating flicker, or improving color quality. While these issues are not inherent to all products, they remain a concern for the broader market.

  1. Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2002-01-01

    homogeneous product in the retail market, and would face noin wholesale and retail markets Equilibrium prices in thec) = r. In the ?at-rate retail market, however, there is now

  2. Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.; Kung, F.

    2012-03-01

    This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

  3. Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Robbery, An Analysis of the Gasoline Crisis”, Bloomington:Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofR. Gilbert. “Do Gasoline Markets Respond Asymmetrically to

  4. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

  5. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report,the design of retail electricity rates, particularly forand industrial electricity rates currently offered by the

  6. Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

    2009-01-01

    B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

  7. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

    2008-05-27

    The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

  8. Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity 1997 FORE08.DOC Page 1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE REVISED 1997 RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

  9. Innovation, Retail Performance and Zero Emission Vehicle Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ;3 "Encourage and support auto dealers to increase sales and leases of ZEVs." (p. 15) " " Why Study the Retail1 Innovation, Retail Performance and Zero Emission Vehicle Policy Eric Cahill Research Briefing Market for Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs)? #12;4 Policy Focus is on Automakers and Consumers Government

  10. CALiPER Special Summary Report: Retail Replacement Lamp Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-04-01

    CALiPER testing has evaluated many products for commercial lighting markets and found some excellent performers. However, many of these are not available on the retail market. This special testing was undertaken to identify and test solid-state lighting (SSL) replacement lamp products that are available to the general public through retail stores and websites.

  11. Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    1 Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market Cory Thoma, Tao technologies which includes load management and retail level electricity market support. Index Terms as the various market functionalities also pose great risks to customer privacy. In this work we propose a secure

  12. Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    providers that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy CommissionNotes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2003 Power Source Disclosure an energy mix or fuel mix different than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you

  13. Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu #12;Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu Govindasamy Aruna Pingali John Italia Daymon Thatch RUTGERS In cooperation with: Agricultural Marketing

  14. Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

    2011-09-19

    The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

  15. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct.7,Breakout SessionsEnergySampleWIPPLBNL-1470E Retail

  16. Dominion Retail Inc (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the National Climate Change Policy |Dominion Retail Inc

  17. Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the National Climate Change Policy |Dominion Retail

  18. Chain-store Pricing and the Structure of Retail Matthew Olczak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Chain-store Pricing and the Structure of Retail Markets by Matthew Olczak ESRC Centre-stores are becoming an increasingly significant form of retailing across UK high-streets. Many markets are now. In the UK retail sector multiple retailers increased their market share from around 23% in 1950 to 65

  19. ISSN 1745-9648 Non-discrimination clauses in the retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    of the retail market. November 2010 JEL Classification: L11, L13, L41 Keywords: Non-discrimination clauses, retail energy markets. Acknowledgements: We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the UK, and welcome the regulator's latest review of the retail market. Keywords: Non-discrimination clauses, retail

  20. A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Chris

    A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell Information Security Group circumstances, enables a more efficient attack than was previously known to be launched against the ANSI retail with the message. 1.1 The ANSI retail MAC The ANSI retail MAC scheme [1], otherwise known as CBC-MAC-Y or ISO

  1. The great ``retail wheeling`` illusion, and more productive energy futures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavanagh, R.

    1994-12-31

    This paper sets out the reasons why many environmental and public interest organizations oppose retail wheeling. Cavanagh argues that retail wheeling would destroy incentives for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation--benefits that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. The current debate over the competitive restructuring of the electric power industry is critical from both economic and environmental perspectives. All attempts to introduce broad-scale retail wheeling in the United States have failed; instead, state regulators are choosing a path that emphasizes competition and choice, but acknowledges fundamental differences between wholesale and retail markets. Given the physical laws governing the movement of power over centrally controlled grids, the choice offered to customers through retail wheeling of electricity is a fiction -- a re-allocation of costs is all that is really possible. Everyone wants to be able to claim the cheapest electricity on the system; unfortunately, there is not enough to go around. By endorsing the fiction of retail wheeling for certain types of customers, regulators would be recasting the retail electricity business as a kind of commodity exchange. That would reward suppliers who could minimize near-term unit costs of electricity while simultaneously destroying incentives for many investments, including cost-effective energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation, that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. This result, which has been analogized unpersuasively to trends in telecommunications and natural gas regulation, is neither desirable nor inevitable. States should go on saying no to retail wheeling in order to be able to create something better: regulatory reforms that align utility and societal interests in pursuing a least-cost energy future. An appendix contains notes on some recent Retail Wheeling Campaigns.

  2. Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golove, William

    2003-03-01

    This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

  3. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    linking wholesale and retail market conditions, and providesbetween wholesale markets, retail electricity rates, andof Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and

  4. Optimization-based decision support system for retail souring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Jalpa (Jalpa N.)

    2012-01-01

    Some of the biggest challenges in the retail sourcing lie in predicting demand for a new article and making purchase decisions such as quantity, source, transportation mode and time of the order. Such decisions become more ...

  5. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the...

  6. Who stocks the shelf? : an analysis of retail replenishment strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuai, Jiaqi

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to analyze the trade-offs of two retail replenishment strategies, DSD (Direct Store Delivery) model and Traditional model. Conceptual and cost models are set up to analyze the trade-offs, ...

  7. Retail/commercial edges in the contemporary urban context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, Brian Charles

    1982-01-01

    This thesis ascertains what morphological and functional characteristics are germane to retail edges. The work is structured around and supportive of an attitude that views social interaction as a vital and necessary ...

  8. Composition of carcasses and retail cuts from lightweight heifers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman Mirabal, Luis Alejandro

    1986-01-01

    of the Journal of Animal Science. possibility for marketing beef using private branding. This system allows the packer to characterize a particular type of carcass, primal cut or retail cut, and to obtain permission to use the label "lean" on the product...COMPOSITION OF CARCASSES AND RETAIL CUTS FROM LIGHTWEIGHT HEIFERS A Thesis by LUIS ALEJANDRO GUZMAN MIRABAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  9. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14

    SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CARSON JOSEPH ULBRICH RETAIL SHELF-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS OF DRY-AGED BEEF Approved by: Research Advisors: Jeffrey W. Savell Davey B. Griffin Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb... ULBRICH iii ABSTRACT Retail Shelf-Life Characteristics of Dry-Aged Beef. (April 2010) Carson Joseph Ulbrich Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisors: Drs. Jeffrey W. Savell and Davey B. Griffin Department...

  10. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  11. Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-04-01

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  12. Retail of the future : O2O or O&O?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somani, Vaibhav, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Retail industry has transformed in the first decade of this century and new trends continue to disrupt it. Rise of the online channel has pushed the entire retail industry to innovate and think of novel ways to attract and ...

  13. Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01

    The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

  14. Retail sales forecast : a cross sectional approach for real investment strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Ai, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to identify the demand drivers for ten retail sub-categories in the US and develop an understanding of how to best use this information to make better retail real estate investment decisions. ...

  15. The growth of retail REITs : an exploration of current practices and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toth, A. Eric (Anthony Eric), 1971-

    2003-01-01

    This study is an exploration of the current growth activity of retail real estate investment trusts (REITs). The specific questions to be explored are: How are retail REITs currently growing, how is this growth being ...

  16. Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of LED A Lamps Operated in Steady-State Conditions Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of LED A...

  17. E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.; Melendez, M.

    2007-12-01

    NREL developed a model to test the investment profitability of adding E85 to retail stations. This report discusses this model and how retailers can make E85 a profitable business venture.

  18. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Contractor/Retailer Business Models

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Business models information focused on remodelers, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) contractors, home performance contractors, or retailers.

  19. Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    for the electrical energy they consume would eliminate theconsume disproportionately at times when the retail price of the energy

  20. Entrepreneurial dreams, harsh realities: Aspirations and mobility in informal and formal retail jobs in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Diana; Tilly, Chris

    2013-01-01

    modern  retailers such as Walmart dominating the formal other goods, owned by Walmart  California Vinos y Licores 

  1. Energy options: Cogen V and retail wheeling alternatives technical conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    The Energy Options technical conference proceedings contains 265 papers, of which 17 were selected for the database. The conference was split into two primary topics: cogeneration and retail wheeling. Subtopics under cogeneration included: the state of cogeneration in the United States, case studies in facility ownership, fuels considerations for tomorrow, and plant design considerations for cogeneration systems. Retail wheeling alternatives subtopics included U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission rulings, end-user options for retail wheeling, deregulation issues, and forecasting of electricity generating costs. Papers not selected for the database, while clearly pertinent topics of interest, consisted of viewgraphs which were judged not to have sufficient technical information and coherence without the corresponding presentation. However, some papers which did consist of viewgraphs were included.

  2. 2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the meter data reported to the system operator (Retail providers that purchase electricity from a power pool2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2005 Power Source Disclosure than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you are probably aware that all

  3. Northern Colorado Retail Study: A shift-share analysis 2000 to 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of NoCo's retail markets for the region's stakeholders. The current economic recession has significantly's (NoCo) retail market from a regional perspective by applying industry standard `shift-share' analysis to discover if NoCo's evolving retail markets are a zero-sum game as cities compete for sales tax dollars

  4. THE GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT OF UK RETAIL BANKING MARKETS John K. Ashton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    1 THE GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT OF UK RETAIL BANKING MARKETS by John K. Ashton CCR Working Paper CCR 03-4 Abstract This study examines the geographical extent of UK markets for retail banking services, which Institutions Mortgages Key Terms: Retail Banking: Interest rates: Market Definition: Mortgages Acknowledgements

  5. "The Implementation Challenge of Pricing Decision Support Systems for Retail Managers" Suzanne N. Valentine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faloutsos, Christos

    the retail and consumer goods manufacturer markets finally seem ready for Pricing Decision Support SystemsComment on "The Implementation Challenge of Pricing Decision Support Systems for Retail Managers based on discussions with retailers is that the vendor offerings do differ substantially, both in terms

  6. E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective Victor Santos ISCAC in the electricity sector. From generation to the final client there are two markets, the wholesale and the retail and in the United States. The goal of this paper is to present a model for the electricity retail market. Several

  7. Pricing of American retail options Christina Burton, McKay Heasley, Jeffrey Humpherys, Jialin Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humpherys, Jeffrey

    and controlling inventories in a retail market. We propose a new class of American put option contracts. However, to improve market efficiency this option contract allows the retailer to freely adjust the sale]. In the retail markets, merchants hold inventories of goods and services much like investors hold portfolios

  8. THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM Victor Santos ISCAC takes pace in the wholesale market where the retailers acquire the electricity that will sell of the technological structure for an electricity retail company in a deregulated electricity market are identified

  9. COMPETITION POLICY TOWARDS RETAILERS: SIZE, SELLER MARKET POWER AND BUYER POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    1 COMPETITION POLICY TOWARDS RETAILERS: SIZE, SELLER MARKET POWER AND BUYER POWER by Nicola the wholesale price in which retailers serve different distribution markets. The model shows that the current in this practice. JEL: L20; L40. Keywords : Market Definition; Bargaining; Retail Sector. ISSN 1473-8473 #12;2 1

  10. Value-based Customer Grouping from Large Retail Data-sets Alexander Strehl and Joydeep Ghosh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strehl, Alexander

    on a real retail industry data-set of several thousand customers and products, to demonstrate the power of the proposed technique. Keywords: Data mining, clustering, graph partitioning, retail marketing 1. INTRODUCTIONValue-based Customer Grouping from Large Retail Data-sets Alexander Strehl and Joydeep Ghosh

  11. Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations/C) on integrated retail and wholesale power market operations. The physical operations of the A/C sys- tem, and distribution of electric power was mo- nopolistically controlled by vertically integrated utilities with retail

  12. Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart is the integrated study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmis- sion and distribution grids1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios

  13. "IdentifyingTwoPartTariffContractswithBuyerPower: EmpiricalEstimationonFoodRetailing"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the ...nal price setting by retailers, for competition and market power analysis. The nature of contracts TSE575 "IdentifyingTwoPartTariffContractswithBuyerPower: EmpiricalEstimationonFoodRetailing price maintenance and allow retailers to have a buyer power determined by the horizontal competition

  14. The modern day discount house as a separate retail establishment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, Carroll James

    1964-01-01

    . Almost any product placed on the market was as; ed of succ"ss. Retail establishments were en- joying i igh profits, and hardly any price competition was apparen , Practically any method of operation was deemed succe. "?- ' 1. Discou-it houses, as well... as other retail es- tablisl . nts, prosp red during this period of a seller' s market. i ng the eai ly 1950's, the demand for consumer good- '~ t followed World War II was almost altogether 10 satisfi i and a buy r's market prevailed. Generally...

  15. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 – Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Excel file with dataset for Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

  16. Agent-mediated Integrative Negotiation for Retail Electronic Commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Value-Added, Merchant Differentiation and Market Power Although cross-merchant product comparisonsAgent-mediated Integrative Negotiation for Retail Electronic Commerce Robert H. Guttman and Pattie convenience for consumers and yield more efficient markets, today's first-generation shopping agents

  17. Contractual Pricing Problems for Retail Distribution under Different Channel Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Su

    2014-12-09

    a coordination contract. Also, a coordination contract is said to achieve the so-called channel coordination objective. In this context, we consider supplier-buyer (e.g., manufacturer-retailer) systems and take into account a recent trend shifting...

  18. CALiPER Exploratory Study Retail Replacement Lamps – 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-02

    In 2010, CALiPER conducted a study on LED replacement lamps found in retail stores. The results were less than satisfactory, and many products were classified as being unlikely to meet consumer expectations. In November 2011, CALiPER purchased a new sample of products for a follow-up study, with the intent of characterizing the progress of this essential market segment.

  19. Supply Chain Supernetworks With Random Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Supply Chain Supernetworks With Random Demands June Dong Ding Zhang School of Business State Field Warehouses: stocking points Customers, demand centers sinks Production/ purchase costs Inventory Customer Demand Customer Demand Retailer OrdersRetailer Orders Distributor OrdersDistributor Orders

  20. USING IMPLAN TO ASSESS LOCAL ECONOMIC IMPACTS David Mulkey and Alan W. Hodges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    support firms, increased incomes for farm proprietors and workers, and increased sales for local retail of activities: (1) basic industries that sell goods and services to markets located outside the local area industries at the local level is the location of markets served, a distinction more important than the nature

  1. Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

    2009-03-15

    To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

  2. Considerations for centralized packaging of beef retail cuts / by Davey Brian Griffin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Davey Brian

    1981-01-01

    palatability attributes must be answered before the retail industry regards vacuum packaged retail cuts as a viable means of marketing fresh beef. The present study was conducted to compare physical and sensory characteristics of beef loin steaks packaged...CONSIDERATIONS FOR CENTRALIZED PACKAGING OF BEEF RETAIL CUTS A Thesis by DAVEY BRIAN GRIFFIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December...

  3. Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Robbery, An Analysis of the Gasoline Crisis”, Bloomington:Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofR. Gilbert. “Do Gasoline Markets Respond Asymmetrically to

  4. Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corts, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01

    Case: When and Why to Sell E85,” National Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy Laboratory of the DOE distributes a publication entitled “E85 Retail Business Case:

  5. Dr. StrangeBox or : how I learned to stop worrying and love urban big box retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, Jared Harding

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, Big Box retailers have been trying to tap into urban markets after years of explicitly avoiding them in favor of suburban environments. In the past few years, retailers have begun experimenting with ...

  6. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: An Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastings, Justine

    2000-01-01

    Margaret E. “Vancouver's Gasoline-Price Wars: An EmpiricalEvidence from Retail Gasoline Markets” Journal of Law,The Case of Retail Gasoline Markets” Journal of Law and

  7. Does mix matter? : comparing the performance of mixed-use and single-use retail clusters during an economic downturn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Caroline (Caroline Todd)

    2011-01-01

    Retail development in suburban locations has long been dominated by retail "strips" along major roadways and large, enclosed shopping malls. More compact, planned alternatives to sprawl development have been gaining in ...

  8. Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality 3 #12;4 Meaning of "Smart Grid Functionality"? For our project purposes: Smart-grid functionality

  9. Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid with "smart-grid functionality." By smart-grid functionality we mean service-oriented grid enhancements

  10. Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatia, Sangeeta

    Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with Ex@tum.de Abstract--In this paper, we propose a new real-time retail pricing model characterized by ex and robustness properties than pure exant´e pricing. Index Terms--Real-Time Pricing, Market Stability, Economic

  11. Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart on business practices manuals for restructured North American electric power markets Realistically rendered

  12. A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization illustrated for groceries' goods2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization ­ illustrated38 * Corresponding author9 10 11 1 IFSTTAR,12 Production Systems, logistics, Transport Organisation as retailers, through in-house or51 outsourced logistics deliveries to points of sale, have a high share

  13. NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 22 Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers Blended Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 22 ­ Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers ­ Blended Products RMFD - Blenders (Rev 09/14) DRAFT Page 1 of 12 2015 NIST EPO No. 22 Examination Procedure Outline for Retail Motor-Fuel, and consoles. For non-blending single, dual, and multi-product dispensers, see EPO No. 21. Nonretroactive

  14. A Continuous-Review Inventory Model with Disruptions at Both Supplier and Retailer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Larry

    A Continuous-Review Inventory Model with Disruptions at Both Supplier and Retailer Lian Qi disruptions both internally and externally (from its supplier). We formulate the expected inventory cost the retailer to the supplier. Computational experiments provide additional insight into the problem

  15. A Model of Vertical Restriction and Equilibrium in Retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittlingmayer, George

    1983-10-01

    , Loschian competition implies relatively s teep demand curves , because each retailer imagines himself to be operat ing in an exclusive market area with no competit ion at the borders . In contras t , Hotelling-Smithies competi t ion implies flatter... te to all who maintained that p r i c e " (Haney 1913, p . 159). While it might be argued that the manufac turer , who had a very large market share at this t ime, was the ca t ' s -paw for a wholesalers ' cartel, another sensible explana­ tion...

  16. Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to:ElectricCoordinationMenomonie,Enclosed and StripRetail

  17. A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade Year-0Cubic MonthlyTechnicalRetail and Services Home: A

  18. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural Gas and

  19. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural Gas

  20. An Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks ABM test-bed experiments. 2. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Retail and wholesale power market operationsAn Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations D

  1. Optimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE Robert Lasseter, Fellow, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE distribution in the new retail wheeling market. Formation of optimal power flow (OPF) problem, in which concerns on optimal power flow arise in the retail wheeling market. In the deregulated power system

  2. Retail risk management pricing electricity to manage customer risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mauldin, M.G.

    1997-06-01

    In the environment of direct customer access and supplier choice that is coming, experience teaches that customers will value the opportunity to control their price risk in a variety of ways. Suppliers that are sensitive to this desire and the varied ways of meeting it will have a distinct advantage. Large electricity customers are clearly awaiting the day the monopoly floodgates open because they believe cheap electricity from alternate suppliers will become available to them. But access and choice will mean more to utility retail customers than just the potential availability of low cost power. It will mean that customers will have the purchasing power to demand exactly what they want from their electricity provider. Some customers will want the lowest cost power available, which may mean that they purchase directly from the spot market. Others will want to use their new-found clout to purchase power of a certain guaranteed quality or reliability level, or to purchase on a pricing plan that fits their needs. For instance, business customers that sell goods under fixed price contracts may want to purchase electricity at a price that is fixed for a certain period - perhaps a quarter of a year. This article focuses on products that protect customers from the price risk they would face if they purchased directly from the spot market. First, it will address examples of products that are used to protect against price risk in the gas market, because these products indicate the type of offerings that may help electric customers manage price risks. Next, the article will highlight findings on desires of customers in the electricity market, and provide an overview of utility tariffs that can help customers control their price risk. Finally, it will discuss approaches that can be used to price these retail risk management products.

  3. Path and place : a study of urban geometry and retail activity in Cambridge and Somerville, MA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevtsuk, Andres

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation investigates retail location patterns in urban settings -- a domain that has received relatively little attention in recent decades. We analyze which land use, urban form, and agglomeration factors explain ...

  4. Market research of commercial recommendation engines for online and offline retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Yaoyao Clare

    2014-01-01

    In the era of big data and predictive analytics, recommendation systems or recommendation engines that recommend merchandise or service offerings based on individual preferences have had a revolutionary impact on retail ...

  5. Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, Erik R

    2011-01-01

    As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

  6. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A HIGHLY MODIFIABLE RETAIL E-COMMERCE WEBSITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soenen, Mark

    2008-07-22

    The availability, modifiability, and performance of retail e-commerce websites(RECWEB) is greatly impacted by seasonal constraints. For many RECWEB, half of the calendar year is comprised of holidays and seasons. Spikes in website traffic...

  7. Exploring online retailing strategies : case studies of leading firms in the U.S. and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jian, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management

    2012-01-01

    Online retailing has been a significant part of people's daily life. Research shows that 85% of internet users have purchased online. In China, with the increased penetration rate of internet and adoption of online payment, ...

  8. Dynamic retail assortment models with demand learning for seasonal consumer goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caro, Felipe

    2005-01-01

    The main research question we explore in this dissertation is: How should a retailer modify its product assortment over time in order to maximize overall profits for a given selling season? Historically, long development, ...

  9. The Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Project: Retail Cuts From the Rib and Plate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Laura

    2011-02-22

    The purpose of this study was to collect and analyze retail cuts from the beef rib and plate that had been identified as needing nutrient composition updates in the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National ...

  10. Inductive Causation on Strategic Behavior: The Case of Retailer and Manufacturer Pricing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraire Dominguez, Francisco

    2011-02-22

    of our sample. Of these price leaderships, 70 percent elicit Manufacturer Stackelberg relationships which tend to be associated with manufacturers that hold big market shares, 25 percent elicit Retailer Stackelbergs which seem to be associated...

  11. Woodward Avenue, Detroit : a pedestrian zone for a changing downtown retail street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Philip Strickland

    1981-01-01

    The thesis studies the changing direction of Detroit's central downtown shopping street, Woodward Avenue. During the last two decades, Woodward Avenue has lost most of its retail market to suburban shopping centers. The ...

  12. Foreign Direct Investment in Food Retailing: The Case of the People’s Republic of China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au-Yeung, Amelia Y.S.

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) in food retailing has generated a considerable amount of attention in both the media and the business world throughout the 199Os, with a strong focus on Asian and Central and Eastern ...

  13. Packaging and fabrication systems for extending storage life and subsequent retail caselife of pork 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rape, Steven Wayne

    1973-01-01

    PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIPE OF PORK A Thesis STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment to the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIFE OF PORK A Thesis by STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Approved as to style and content by...

  14. Retail market test: An in-depth evaluation of a new product concept for lamb. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naylor, Robert Kenneth

    1967-01-01

    19 Objectives and Related Hypotheses 21 IV LITEPATSLRE REVIEW 24 Retail Market Tests 25 Matched-lot controlled experiments 25 Test store versus control store experiments. . 27 Latin-square experiments . . . , . ~ . , 28 Factorial experiments 28... Multiple covariance analysis Field Organization for the Market Test 50 50 VI THE RETAIL STORE TEST 52 General Consumer Awareness 52 General Sales Analysis Lamb sales analysis Summary Pork sales analysis Beef sales analysis 53 53 57 58 59...

  15. Elasticity estimates for individual retail beef cuts using electronic scanner data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jourdan, Donna Kathryn

    1981-01-01

    'elationship between consumer prices and the quanti- ties of retail food products they purchase has caused the evolution of continuing consumer panels and consumer surveys. Both of these methods provide data that are reflective of current market condi- tions... according to the 1980 Survey of Buying power (Sales & Market- ing Management, 1980). These households had 14. 5 billion dollars in total retail sales; 20 percent of this figure was spent for at home consumption of food, These facts combined...

  16. Assessing the Local Marketing Potential for Mandarin Growers and Hoshigaki Producers in Placer County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    dominate the mainstream retail market. Certain large-scaleCounty from entering retail markets in the state. There areestablished growers and retail markets have been usurped by

  17. Retail Beef Tenderness Surveillance: Assessment of Warner-Bratzler Shear, Slice Shear and Sensory Panel Ratings for Beef From US Retail Establishments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igo, Meagan W

    2013-12-09

    The purpose of this study was to obtain beef top loin steaks (n=1,613) from retail stores in four cities across the United States for WBS, SSF and consumer sensory determinations. The study was conducted over a 12-month period by four universities...

  18. Application of Dynamic Pricing toApplication of Dynamic Pricing to Retail and Supply Chain ManagementRetail and Supply Chain Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcotte, Patrice

    profit Variable cost Profit increase of 8.0% Capture 1% price increase Fixed cost Price is the biggestApplication of Dynamic Pricing toApplication of Dynamic Pricing to Retail and Supply Chain OF PRESENTATION ·· The pricing challengeThe pricing challenge ·· The practice of pricingThe practice of pricing

  19. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, DWH; Adlakha, S; Low, SH; De Martini, P; Chandy, KM

    2013-11-01

    The price of electricity supplied from home rooftop photo voltaic (PV) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential households have an economic incentive to install rooftop PV systems and reduce their purchases of electricity from the grid. A significant portion of the costs incurred by utility companies are fixed costs which must be recovered even as consumption falls. Electricity rates must increase in order for utility companies to recover fixed costs from shrinking sales bases. Increasing rates will, in turn, result in even more economic incentives for customers to adopt rooftop PV. In this paper, we model this feedback between PV adoption and electricity rates and study its impact on future PV penetration and net-metering costs. We find that the most important parameter that determines whether this feedback has an effect is the fraction of customers who adopt PV in any year based solely on the money saved by doing so in that year, independent of the uncertainties of future years. These uncertainties include possible changes in rate structures such as the introduction of connection charges, the possibility of PV prices dropping significantly in the future, possible changes in tax incentives, and confidence in the reliability and maintainability of PV. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Tenderness Assessment of Beef Steaks from US Foodservice and Retail Establishments Using Warner-Bratzler Shear and Consumer Sensory Panel Ratings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guelker, Miles

    2012-02-14

    Beef retail steaks from establishments in twelve US cities and beef foodservice steaks from establishments in five US cities were evaluated using Warner-Bratzler shear and consumer sensory panels. Postmortem aging times for retail establishments...

  1. An analysis of current supply chain best practices in the retail industry with case studies of Wal-Mart and Amazon.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiles, Colby Ronald

    2005-01-01

    In support of the Supply Chain 2020 Project at MIT, this thesis identifies current best practices in retail industry supply chains, with a specific focus on mass merchandising and Internet retailing. Using a survey of ...

  2. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    electricity markets: Need and design. Utilities Policy 16,market design .Alternative wholesale market design and retail rate

  3. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n , Sachin Adlakha reduce their electricity consumption from the grid. Electricity rates must increase for utility) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential

  4. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-12-31

    This CALiPER report examines the characteristics of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3 in more detail. Specifically, it focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers.

  5. NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 21 Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers Single, Dual, and Multi-Product (Except Blenders)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 21 ­ Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers ­ Single, Dual, and Multi Procedure Outline for Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers Single, Dual, and Multi-Product (Except Blenders Motor-Fuel Dispensers ­ Single, Dual, and Multi-Product (Except Blenders) Page 2 of 8 RMFD Non

  6. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer’s underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems.

  7. The political economy of retail wheeling, or how to not re-fight the last war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.; Kihm, S.

    1994-04-01

    Disparities in utility rates - observably the result of poor supply-side resource planning - have been small before and will be small once again. Retail wheeling`s promise of short-run gains for a few would, ironically, destroy integrated resource processes in place today that guard against a repeat of yesterday`s planning mistakes. The authors argue that retail wheeling is a troubling answer to a mis-diagnosis of yesterday`s problem. They believe that a variety of other policies offer most of the benefits and few of the risks that retail wheeling poses. These include aggressive wholesale competition, judicious pruning of uneconomic capacity, and serious incorporation of environmental risks into utility planning and regulation.

  8. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing SupportRetail Competition and Demand Response?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper,Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-04-25

    As retail choice states reach the end of their transitional, rate-cap periods, state regulators must decide what type of default supply service to provide to customers that have not switched to a competitive retail supplier. In a growing number of states, regulators have adopted real-time pricing (RTP) as the default service for large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers. Although this trend is driven chiefly by policy objectives related to retail competition, default service RTP may have the added benefit of stimulating demand response. To evaluate the potential role of RTP as a means to both ends--retail market development and demand response--we conducted a comprehensive review of experience with default RTP in the U.S. and examined the emergence of RTP as a product offering by competitive retail suppliers. Across the ten utilities with default RTP in place in 2005, between 5% and 35% of the applicable load remained on the rate. Based on interviews with competitive retailers, we find evidence to suggest that a comparable amount of load in these states has switched to hourly pricing arrangements with competitive retailers. Many customers on default or competitive hourly pricing are paying prices indexed to the real-time spot market, and thus have no advance knowledge of prices. Because the price responsiveness of customers under these conditions has yet to be formally analyzed, and relatively few efforts have been undertaken to help these customers become price responsive, the actual demand response impacts from hourly pricing in retail choice states remains largely an open question. However, we find that policymakers and other stakeholders in retail choice states have various strategies at their disposal to capture the potential demand response benefits from hourly pricing, while simultaneously supporting retail competition.

  9. BRENNAN --DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail Electricity of California Berkeley, CA March 5, 1999 #12;BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 2 Game plan · Demand More like getting a check from oil companies if one buys a high mileage car · Conservation

  10. WPTV News Channel 5 New hope for retail recovery in Palm Beach County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Beach. Martin, 23, has applied for 10 jobs in the last week, mostly at retail outlets like Walmart into a Walmart hiring center in Palm Springs. The attraction? A promise of more than 200 job opening at its new Tuesday's announcements by Aldi's and Walmart - that jobs are coming - are further proof that discount

  11. A Game Theoretical Study of Cooperative Advertising with Multiple Retailers in a Distribution Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Jinxing

    1 A Game Theoretical Study of Cooperative Advertising with Multiple Retailers in a Distribution. Beijing 100084, China Abstract Extant studies of cooperative advertising mainly consider a single advertising decisions. Based on the quantitative results, it is observed that: 1) When there are multiple

  12. Charges, Costs and Market Power in the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Charges, Costs and Market Power in the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market by Evens Salies by competitive forces in unregulated residential energy markets. We assess the competitiveness of the market methods and consumption levels. We also identify any additional market power of incumbency and the effect

  13. The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

    1999-12-01

    Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

  14. Charges, Costs and Market Power: the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Charges, Costs and Market Power: the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market Evens Salies market was opened for the first time in 1999, introducing choice of supplier, and about 40% of households this process and assess the competitiveness of the market by examining how the charges levied by suppliers

  15. Retail yields and fabrication times for beef subprimals from two grade groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voges, Kristin Leigh

    2005-02-17

    boneless (IM); beef loin, bottom sirloin butt, ball tip, boneless; beef loin, bottom sirloin butt, tri-tip, boneless (IM); and beef chuck, outside shoulder, clod M. teres major. Subprimals were fabricated into bone-in or boneless retail or foodservice cuts...

  16. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Contractor/Retailer Description

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The home improvement market includes a range of private-sector entities that currently provide or could offer home energy upgrade services. Most of these entities are remodelers, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) contractors, home performance contractors, or retailers; other actors are present in the sector (such as window installers and insulators), but this analysis focuses on these four main categories.

  17. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nov 2.21 2.71 2.91 3.44 3.52 3.32 3.00 Dec 1.75 2.66 3.05 3.33 3.38 3.36 2.63 Source: Energy Information Administration, U.S. All Grades All Formulations Retail Gasoline Prices...

  18. Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirche, Sandra

    Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with Ex loop system. Under this pricing mechanism, electricity is priced at the exant´e price (calculated based, dahleh, mitter}@mit.edu Siemens Corporate Technology, Munich, Germany dragan

  19. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In the second half of 2014, the national average retail price per gallon of gasoline (all grades) fell from a high of $3.77 in June to a low of $2.63 in December – a difference of $1.14 per gallon....

  20. A Survey of Postmortem Aging Times for Beef Steaks Marketed in the Retail Channel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kline, Helen Carter

    2015-07-29

    This study was designed to determine the actual postfabrication storage time or aging time for beef rib/loin cuts sold at retail. Postmortem aging of beef is a commonly accepted practice in today’s industry; however, not all members of the meat...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Retail Supplier, Systems Integrator, Fuel Distributor, Nonprofit, Transportation Air Pollution Control (Michigan) This rule requires an annual report from a commercial,...

  2. CALiPER Testing | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    lighting technologies, and are designed to help retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency programs, and other stakeholders understand the current state of...

  3. Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Acting Assistant Director for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act of 1978 to establish a Federal energy efficiency resource standard for retail electricity and natural gas distributors, and for other...

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    must offer fuel that is not pre-blended with fuel alcohol but that is suitable for future blending. Future contract provisions that restrict distributors or retailers from...

  5. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1996-01-01

    Restructuring of interstate pipeline companies has created new choices and challenges for local distribution companies (LDCs), their regulators, and their customers. The process of separating interstate pipeline gas sales from transportation service has been completed and has resulted in greater gas procurement options for LDCs.

  6. A Tale of Two Brands: The Joint Effect of Manufacturer Brand and Retailer Brand on Consumers’ Evaluation of Products 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ying

    2012-10-19

    Consumers’ purchase decisions typically involve two brands: the manufacturer brand (the “what brand to buy” decision) and the retailer brand (the “where to buy” decision). While extant research suggests that consumers’ ...

  7. The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muehlegger, Erich J.

    2002-01-01

    Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

  8. Should India open foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail : a case study using the Wal-Mart effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Ashish Kumar, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    As India grows, driven by its success in information technology and services, there is another revolution waiting to happen in the Retail sector dependent on whether the Government of India can unshackle the various ...

  9. Product design for supply chain : quantifying the costs of complexity in Hewlett-Packard's retail desktop PC business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphel, Aaron Matthew

    2005-01-01

    Over the past several years, Hewlett-Packard Company's North America Consumer Computing (NACC) division has faced pressures to increase retail product variety in response to growing customer demand. As they pursue incremental ...

  10. Physical and chemical analyses of separable lean of beef retail cuts with different external fat trim levels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wahrmund, Jennifer Lyn

    1999-01-01

    Twenty beef carcass sides varying in USDA quality and yield grades ere selected from commercial packing plants to study the physical and chemical composition of beef retail cuts. Thirteen cuts (in sets of four) were fabricated and assigned to one...

  11. Determination of the total fat content of retail cuts of pork at different external fat trim levels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sippola, Linda Katherine

    1990-01-01

    . 64 cm external fat trim). Data reported in the USDA Handbook 8-10 were similar to the findings of this study. The fat levels of the tenderloin, loin steak, loin roast and whole ham were compared. Variation in fat content was lower in the USDA data... chemical fat . . . . . Retail cuts with less than ten percent chemical fat. . . . Pork retail cuts compared to USDA Handbook 8-10. . . . CONCLUSIONS. REFERENCES. VITA Page . . VI . . V II I . . . . 1 0 . . . . 1 6 23 . . . . . 26...

  12. Supply Chain Networks: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    , in their most fundamental realization, consist of manufacturers and suppliers, distributors, retailers numerous suppliers, retailers, and consumers, and be underpinned by multimodal transportation to nonlinearities; alternative behavior of users of the networks, which may lead to paradoxical phenomena; possibly

  13. Melody Meyer: Organic Foods Distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    are into green building, reducing carbon footprint, trackingour carbon footprint. There aren’t many companies that areuse, offsetting our carbon footprint. The Rockland facility

  14. Guidelines for Manufacturers and Distributors

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium is intended to be a user's group — focused on the needs of participants making investments in street and area lighting — which provides a...

  15. Melody Meyer: Organic Foods Distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    The wealth could provide to our rural community andcan revitalize the rural communities, and make somebodyinvigorate rural communities. Of course, now with the

  16. Melody Meyer: Organic Foods Distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    out. Farmer: Yes, with GMO [genetically modified organism]said that in some instances, GMO products can be better for

  17. A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

    2006-11-15

    Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

  18. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-05-11

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  19. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-06-24

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  20. Retail Infrastructure Costs Comparison for Hydrogen and Electricity for Light-Duty Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M.; Sun, Y.; Bush, B.

    2014-08-01

    Both hydrogen and plug-in electric vehicles offer significant social benefits to enhance energy security and reduce criteria and greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. However, the rollout of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen retail stations (HRS) requires substantial investments with high risks due to many uncertainties. We compare retail infrastructure costs on a common basis - cost per mile, assuming fueling service to 10% of all light-duty vehicles in a typical 1.5 million person city in 2025. Our analysis considers three HRS sizes, four distinct types of EVSE and two distinct EVSE scenarios. EVSE station costs, including equipment and installation, are assumed to be 15% less than today's costs. We find that levelized retail capital costs per mile are essentially indistinguishable given the uncertainty and variability around input assumptions. Total fuel costs per mile for battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) are, respectively, 21% lower and 13% lower than that for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) under the home-dominant scenario. Including fuel economies and vehicle costs makes FCEVs and BEVs comparable in terms of costs per mile, and PHEVs are about 10% less than FCEVs and BEVs. To account for geographic variability in energy prices and hydrogen delivery costs, we use the Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization and Analysis (SERA) model and confirm the aforementioned estimate of cost per mile, nationally averaged, but see a 15% variability in regional costs of FCEVs and a 5% variability in regional costs for BEVs.

  1. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    scenarios .. 85 4.2.2 Wholesale market design .electricity market scenarios, retail rate designs, PVscenario). Results: Alternative wholesale market design and

  2. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    exercise market power (Borenstein, 2011). With static retailpower, interact with wholesale markets. Section 1.1.2 presents underlying motivations for retail

  3. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    2005a. Time- varying retail electricity prices: Theory andpractice. Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy Journal

  4. Retail Market analysis in targeting sales based on Consumer Behaviour using Fuzzy Clustering - A Rule Based Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhanu, D

    2009-01-01

    Product Bundling and offering products to customers is of critical importance in retail marketing. In general, product bundling and offering products to customers involves two main issues, namely identification of product taste according to demography and product evaluation and selection to increase sales. The former helps to identify, analyze and understand customer needs according to the demo-graphical characteristics and correspondingly transform them into a set of specifications and offerings for people. The latter, concerns with how to determine the best product strategy and offerings for the customer in helping the retail market to improve their sales. Existing research has focused only on identifying patterns for a particular dataset and for a particular setting. This work aims to develop an explicit decision support for the retailers to improve their product segmentation for different settings based on the people characteristics and thereby promoting sales by efficient knowledge discovery from the exi...

  5. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    on  Strategy. ”   Strategic  Management  Journal  17:  5-­?Bookselling."  Strategic  Management  Journal  21:1043-­?1896-­?1980."   Strategic  Management  Journal  17:85-­?

  6. Where Businesses Thrive: Predicting the Impact of the Olympic Games on Local Retailers through Location-based Services Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiev, Petko; Noulas, Anastasios; Mascolo, Cecilia

    2014-05-16

    . The Olympic-related venues and live sites are marked with vo, stadiums are marked with vs, while the restaurants of the major sponsor, McDonald’s, are annotated with vm. Last, the set of users visiting a place p are denoted by U(p) and the social network... venues to be a strong factor. Research investigating the interplay between social network ties and user movements has confirmed the influence of friends on the general human mobility (Back- strom, Sun, and Marlow 2010; Sadilek, Kautz, and Bigham 2012; Cho...

  7. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    Groups  in  the  American  Brewing  Industry  from  1975  partition  in  the  U.S.  brewing  industry. ”    American  In  The  U.S.  Brewing  Industry. ”   Strategic  

  8. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    2005.   Riding  the  Transcontinental  Rails:  Overland  celebrated  the  Transcontinental  Railroad  as  a  mighty  

  9. Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  10. To Own or Lease Solar: Understanding Commercial Retailers' Decisions to Use Alternative Financing Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Margolis, R.

    2014-12-01

    This report examines the tradeoffs among financing methods for businesses installing onsite photovoltaics (PV). We present case studies of PV financing strategies used by two large commercial retailers that have deployed substantial U.S. PV capacity: IKEA, which owns its PV, and Staples, which purchases power generated from onsite PV systems through power purchase agreements (PPAs). We also analyze the financial considerations that influence any company's choice of PV financing strategy. Our goal in this report is to clarify the financial and institutional costs and benefits of financing strategies and to inform other companies that are considering launching or expanding similar PV programs.

  11. The Impact of Retail Rate Structure on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs,Department of Energy The Final 40%:TheTheImpact of Retail

  12. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural Gas and Elec.

  13. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural GasInformation

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlenderBusiness Case for E85 Fuel Retailers to someone by

  15. Energy Implications of Retrofitting Retail Sector Rooftop Units with Stepped-Speed and Variable-Speed Functionality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studer, D.; Romero, R.; Herrmann, L.; Benne, K.

    2012-04-01

    Commercial retailers understand that retrofitting constant-speed RTU fan motors with stepped- or variable-speed alternatives could save significant energy in most U.S. climate zones. However, they lack supporting data, both real-world and simulation based, on the cost effectiveness and climate zone-specific energy savings associated with this measure. Thus, building managers and engineers have been unable to present a compelling business case for fan motor upgrades to upper management. This study uses whole-building energy simulation to estimate the energy impact of this type of measure so retailers can determine its economic feasibility.

  16. A study of beef cattle marketing in Venezuela and the marketing margins between the farm and retail levels of prices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sady Ines Borjas-Paez

    1975-01-01

    partial fulf i 1 lment of the recu'. rement i or rhe degree of MASTEF, OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics A STUDY OF B EF' CATTLE M. 'RKEl'lNG :N VENEZUELA AND THE MARKETING MAPGINS BETWEEN THE FVARM AND RETAIL LEVELS Ot... for the period 1960-1972 were studied from the farm through 'retail levels, the variations in price spread were large. Lack of knowledge concerning share of marketing margins has brought inadequate govern- ment policies. The structural demand equation...

  17. A review of "Perceptions of Retailing in Early Modern England. Hampshire, England." by Nancy Cox and Karin Dannehl 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayworth, Gene

    2008-01-01

    & Edward- ian Times by Michael Turner and David Vaisey (Oxford Illustrated Press, 1972) and Urban Markets and Retail Distribution, 1730-1815, with Particular Reference to Macclesfield, Stockport and Chester by S. Ian Mitchell, that historians took a... of Luther in 1521. Nancy Cox and Karin Dannehl. Perceptions of Retailing in Early Modern England. Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2007. xv+214 pp. $99.95. Review by Ge n e ha y w o r t h , un i v e r s i t y o f co l o r a d o , Bo u...

  18. The New Hampshire retail competition pilot program and the role of green marketing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holt, E.A.; Fang, J.M.

    1997-11-01

    Most states in the US are involved in electric industry restructuring, from considering the pros and cons in regulatory dockets to implementing legislative mandates for full restructuring and retail access for all consumers. Several states and utilities have initiated pilot programs in which multiple suppliers or service providers may compete for business and some utility customers can choose among competing suppliers. The State of New Hampshire has been experimenting with a pilot program, mandated by the State Legislature in 1995 and implemented by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (NHPUC), before it implements full retail access. Green marketing, an attempt to characterize the supplier or service provider as environmentally friendly without referring to the energy resource used to generate electricity, was used by several suppliers or service providers to attract customers. This appeal to environmental consumerism was moderately successful, but it raised a number of consumer protection and public policy issues. This issue brief examines the marketing methods used in New Hampshire and explores what green marketing might mean for the development of renewable energy generation. It also addresses the issues raised and their implications.

  19. An Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    with smart-grid functionality. The test bed will seam together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale and wholesale power sys- tem operation with smart-grid functionality. This project is innovative in three key of retail and wholesale power mar- kets operating over transmission and distribution grids with "smart-grid

  20. Analysis of farm-to-retail price spreads for whole and two percent milk in seven selected cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Marla Lashea

    2004-09-30

    price spread of whole and two percent milk were the retail price for whole and two percent milk, marketing costs such as fuel and labor costs, milk production, seasonality, and structural change. Monthly data were collected over a 106 month period...

  1. A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid with Residential Users and PEVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid California Los Angeles, CA USA {yli760, yanzhiwa, shahin, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--In the smart grid, real to the smart grid with distributed control mechanism in order to reduce the amount of communication overhead

  2. Local Universities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC) ProximityCenterLeeincreasesLocal

  3. Local Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L S C OLocal Information Local

  4. Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Brown, Charles C.

    2014-12-14

    To date, all three reports in the retail lamps series have focused on basic performance parameters, such as lumen output, efficacy, and color quality. This report goes a step further, examining the photoelectric characteristics (i.e., dimming and flicker) of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retails Lamps Study 3. Specifically, this report focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers. The results demonstrate notable variation across the various lamps, but little variation between the four dimmers. Overall, the LED lamps: ~tended to have higher relative light output compared to the incandescent and halogen benchmark at the same dimmer output signal (RMS voltage). The lamps’ dimming curves (i.e., the relationship between control signal and relative light output) ranged from linear to very similar to the square-law curve typical of an incandescent lamp. ~generally exhibited symmetrical behavior—the same dimming curve—when measured proceeding from maximum to minimum or minimum to maximum control signal. ~mostly dimmed below 10% of full light output, with some exceptions for specific lamp and dimmer combinations ~exhibited a range of flicker characteristics, with many comparing favorably to the level typical of a magnetically-ballasted fluorescent lamp through at least a majority of the dimming range. ~ always exceeded the relative (normalized) efficacy over the dimming range of the benchmark lamps, which rapidly decline in efficacy when they are dimmed. This report generally does not attempt to rank the performance of one product compared to another, but instead focuses on the collective performance of the group versus conventional incandescent or halogen lamps, the performance of which is likely to be the baseline for a majority of consumers. Undoubtedly, some LED lamps perform better—or more similar to conventional lamps—than others. Some perform desirably for one characteristic, but not others. Consumers (and specifiers) may have a hard time distinguishing better-performing lamps from one another; at this time, physical experimentation is likely the best evaluation tool.

  5. Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The petroleum-based transportation fuel system is complex and highly developed, in contrast to the nascent low-petroleum, low-carbon alternative fuel system. This report examines how expansion of the low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure could contribute to deep reductions in petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the U.S. transportation sector. Three low-carbon scenarios, each using a different combination of low-carbon fuels, were developed to explore infrastructure expansion trends consistent with a study goal of reducing transportation sector GHG emissions to 80% less than 2005 levels by 2050.These scenarios were compared to a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario and were evaluated with respect to four criteria: fuel cost estimates, resource availability, fuel production capacity expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion.

  6. Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

    2008-06-11

    The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

  7. A cross-sectional assessment of perceptions and promotional demographics of agricultural producers in the Brazos Valley as they pertain to construction goods retailers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callaway, Cody Douglas

    1993-01-01

    . ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION XI. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS XII. LIMITATIONS APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C APPENDIX D VITA LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1 Retailer market share FIGURE 2 Major purchasing motivations FIGURE 3 Percentage who live in same... to the agricultural producer. By uncovering the retailing characteristics most desired by agricultural producers and agricultural producer's promotional demographics, issues are raised pertaining to effectively reaching and satisfying this market . The geographical...

  8. Certain aspects of inventory control as one of the management tools for the retail lumber and building material dealer of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amason, Robert Daniel

    1958-01-01

    supervised my study, for his encouragement, counsel, and guidance. It was his understanding knowledge of the retail lumber and building material industry, built up through five years as coordinator of the Building Products Marketing course at the A. and M...LINRARY I lM OBLLRQE BP TEXAS CERTAIN ASPECTS OF INVENTORT CONTROL AS ONE OP THE MANAGEMENT TOOLS POR THE RETAIL LUMBER AND BUILDING MATERIAL DEALER OP TEXAS A Thesis By ROBERT DANIEL AMASON Subnitted to the Graduate School...

  9. The Speed of Gasoline Price Response in Markets With and Without Edgeworth Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt; Noel, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Retail Gasoline Price Dynamics and Local Market Power,”of Local Market Power? Evidence from the Retail Gasoline

  10. Quantum Locality?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stapp, Henry

    2011-11-10

    Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a ‘consistent quantum theory’ (CQT) that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues, on the basis of his examination of certain arguments that claim to demonstrate the existence of such nonlocal influences, that such influences do not exist. However, his examination was restricted mainly to hidden-variable-based arguments that include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by attributing to the system properties alien to that system. Hence Griffiths’ rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence for nonlocal influences. But he did not examine the particular proof that he cites. An examination of that particular proof by the method specified by his ‘consistent quantum theory’ shows that the cited proof is valid within that restrictive framework. This necessary existence, within the ‘consistent’ framework, of long range essentially instantaneous influences refutes the claim made by Griffiths that his ‘consistent’ framework is superior to the orthodox quantum theory of von Neumann because it does not entail instantaneous influences. An added section responds to Griffiths’ reply, which cites a litany of ambiguities that seem to restrict, devastatingly, the scope of his CQT formalism, apparently to buttress his claim that my use of that formalism to validate the nonlocality theorem is flawed. But the vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.

  11. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, Eric; Leach, Matt; Pless, Shanti

    2013-06-05

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  12. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

    2013-06-01

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  13. The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility--The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    -- The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more than

  14. Resources for Local Policymakers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEE Action

    2012-06-01

    Provides a summary of State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action) information resources available to local policymakers, organized by topic.

  15. Consumer survey data as a basis for the derivation of retail price and income elasticities of demand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Winston Lewis

    1969-01-01

    at Yiichigan State University computed 1ncome and price elastic1t1es of demand for food 1n general on the basis of a mailed quest1onnai re sent to 2, 103 fam1lies. ho specific price changes were employed. He asked respondents to 1ndicate their response to a...CONSUMER SURVEY DATA AS A BASIS FOR THE DERIVATION OF RETAIL PRICE AND INCOME ELASTICITIES OF DEMAND A Thesis by WJIlJSTOI'J LE1JIS WILSON Subm. 'tted to the Graduate College of Texas AGI1 University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...

  16. Clearance pricing optimization at Zara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carboni Borrasé, Rodolfo

    2009-01-01

    In almost thirty-four years after opening the doors to its first store, the Inditex Group has grown to be one of the largest fashion distributors in the world. Today the group operates more than four thousand retail stores ...

  17. Examples of Careers of Recent (1994-2004) Political Science Graduates from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bier, Martin

    Care Associate Greenville, NC Industrial Distributor/Sales Rocky Mount, NC Loan Officer Winston Salem, NC Greenville, NC Upper-Level Management for a Major Automotive Retail Dealership Pensacola, Florida

  18. Enforcement Policy: Regional Standards Enforcement and Distributors |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelB IMSof 2005 at Iowa WindEnergy1-03 - October 24,2-05

  19. WOCESSORS MOD DISTRIBUTORS OF REFIBED SOURCB MATWIAL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , cMarch 20,WJLP-~ . '-

  20. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W.

    2013-04-01

    Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

  1. Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M.; Bremson, J.; Solo, K.

    2013-01-01

    The availability of retail stations can be a significant barrier to the adoption of alternative fuel light-duty vehicles in household markets. This is especially the case during early market growth when retail stations are likely to be sparse and when vehicles are dedicated in the sense that they can only be fuelled with a new alternative fuel. For some bi-fuel vehicles, which can also fuel with conventional gasoline or diesel, limited availability will not necessarily limit vehicle sales but can limit fuel use. The impact of limited availability on vehicle purchase decisions is largely a function of geographic coverage and consumer perception. In this paper we review previous attempts to quantify the value of availability and present results from two studies that rely upon distinct methodologies. The first study relies upon stated preference data from a discrete choice survey and the second relies upon a station clustering algorithm and a rational actor value of time framework. Results from the two studies provide an estimate of the discrepancy between stated preference cost penalties and a lower bound on potential revealed cost penalties.

  2. Approved Module Information for LT2F06, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Retail Logistics Module Code: LT2F06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebollo-Neira, Laura

    Approved Module Information for LT2F06, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Retail Logistics Module Code: LT2F06 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Foundation New Module? No Module Credits: 20 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Constant Iannacci Email Address c

  3. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCustomer-Sited PV: A Study of Commercial Installations inCalifornia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-06-01

    We analyze the impact of retail rate design on the economics of grid-connected commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems in California. The analysis is based on 15-minute interval building load and PV production data for 24 commercial PV installations in California, spanning a diverse set of building load shapes and geographic locations. We derive the annual bill savings per kWh generated for each PV system, under each of 21 distinct retail rates currently offered by the five largest utilities in California. We identify and explain variation in the value of bill savings attributable to differences in the structure of demand and energy charges across rates, as well as variation attributable to other factors, such as the size of the PV system relative to building load, the specific shape of the PV production profile, and the customer load profile. We also identify the optimal rate for each customer, among those rates offered as alternatives to one another, and show how the decision is driven in large measure by the size of the PV system relative to building load. The findings reported here may be of value to regulators and utilities responsible for designing retail rates, as well as to customers and PV retailers who have a need to estimate the prospective bill savings of PV systems.

  4. The Impact of Carbon Pricing on Wholesale Electricity Prices, Carbon Pass-Through Rates and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 The Impact of Carbon Pricing on Wholesale Electricity Prices, Carbon Pass-Through Rates and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1 By Phillip Wild, School of Economics, The University of Corporate Affairs at our Industry Partner, AGL Energy Ltd, for his advice and contributions throughout

  5. Just-in-time production systems reduce the amount of inventory available at distribution centers or retailers and increase the need for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    26 Just-in-time production systems reduce the amount of inventory available at distribution centers or retailers and increase the need for products or parts to arrive at the scheduled time. For example, a late delivery may delay scheduled production or product delivery, causing manufacturers to incur steep financial

  6. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium Box Retail -- 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E. T.; Macumber, D. L.; Long, N. L.; Griffith, B. T.; Benne, K. S.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini, P. A.

    2008-09-01

    This report provides recommendations that architects, designers, contractors, developers, owners, and lessees of medium box retail buildings can use to achieve whole-building energy savings of at least 50% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004. The recommendations are given by climate zone and address building envelope, fenestration, lighting systems, HVAC systems, building automation and controls, outside air treatment, service water heating, plug loads, and photovoltaic systems. The report presents several paths to 50% savings, which correspond to different levels of integrated design. These are recommendations only, and are not part of a code or standard. The recommendations are not exhaustive, but we do try to emphasize the benefits of integrated building design, that is, a design approach that analyzes a building as a whole system, rather than as a disconnected collection of individually engineered subsystems.

  7. Local Regression and Likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    Local Regression and Likelihood Clive Loader Springer #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Preface This book, and the associated software, have grown out of the author's work in the field of local regression over the past- ods and in particular regression, for example at the level of Draper and Smith (1981). The theoretical

  8. Geography of local configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Coupier

    2010-10-12

    A $d$-dimensional binary Markov random field on a lattice torus is considered. As the size $n$ of the lattice tends to infinity, potentials $a=a(n)$ and $b=b(n)$ depend on $n$. Precise bounds for the probability for local configurations to occur in a large ball are given. Under some conditions bearing on $a(n)$ and $b(n)$, the distance between copies of different local configurations is estimated according to their weights. Finally, a sufficient condition ensuring that a given local configuration occurs everywhere in the lattice is suggested.

  9. Local Public Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01

    1959. The Theory of Public Finance. New York: McGraw-Hill.T. 2003. School finance, spatial income segregation, and theJohn M. "local public finance." The New Palgrave Dictionary

  10. A hierarchical approach to supply chain simulation modeling using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Jeffrey W.

    , and retailers who are collectively concerned with the conversion of raw materials into goods that can, information flow, and cash flow. Material flows from suppliers and manufacturers to distributors and retailers to another on one hand and to the movement of raw materials and parts within the shop floor on the other. I

  11. Grand Challenges and Opportunities Supply Chain Networks: From Analysis to Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    of manufacturers and suppliers, distributors, retailers, and consumers at the demand markets. Today, supply chains may span thousands of miles across the globe, involve numerous suppliers, retailers, and consumers to nonlinearities; alternative behavior of users of the networks, which may lead to paradoxical phenomena; possibly

  12. Local STAR Libraries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC) ProximityCenterLeeincreasesLocal HighLocal

  13. Local Blog Get Listed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Home· Local Blog· Get Listed· Popular Listings· More Directories· Advertise Here· Home » Arlington ... | directoryofarlingt... 1/9/2011http://www.directoryofarlington.com/blog/2011/01/ut ... | directoryofarlingt... 1/9/2011http://www.directoryofarlington.com/blog/2011/01/ut

  14. Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using DFT Sergio Orozco Student Advisor: Chen Huang Faculty Mentor Lithium LPS Test Lithium LPS #12;Density Functional Theory (DFT) Successful quantum mechanical approach (1979) #12;Building LPS for Lithium Create a LPS using NLPS density for Lithium Test LPS by comparing

  15. Supersymmetry and localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert Schwarz; Oleg Zaboronsky

    1995-11-15

    We study conditions under which an odd symmetry of the integrand leads to localization of the corresponding integral over a (super)manifold. We also show that in many cases these conditions guarantee exactness of the stationary phase approximation of such integrals.

  16. LEEDBuilding LocalGovernments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    their jurisdictions' green building programs. #12;1LEED Building Ordinances for Local Governments LEED Building are increasingly common. Most of these ordinances adopt the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Rating System, promulgated by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). The LEED rating system sets

  17. Local microwave background radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domingos Soares

    2014-11-13

    An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

  18. NEW DIRECTIONS IN LOCAL HISTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    NEW DIRECTIONS IN LOCAL HISTORY SINCE HOSKINS Edited by Christopher Dyer, Andrew Hopper, Evelyn Lord and Nigel Tringham New Directions in Local History since Hoskins Local history in Britain can of the publication of his Local History in England which was designed to help people researching the history

  19. The Local Interstellar Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redfield, S

    2006-01-01

    The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general interstellar phenomena in great detail and in three dimensions. In particular, high resolution optical and ultraviolet spectroscopy have proven to be powerful tools for addressing fundamental questions concerning the physical conditions and three-dimensional (3D) morphology of this local material. After reviewing our current understanding of the structure of gas in the solar neighborhood, I will discuss the influence that the LISM can have on stellar and planetary systems, including LISM dust deposition onto planetary atmospheres and the modulation of galactic cosmic rays through the astrosphere - the balancing interface between the outward pressure of the magnetized stellar wind and the inward pressure of the surrounding interstellar medium. On Earth, galactic cosmic rays may play a role as contributors to ozone layer chemistry, planetary electrical discharge frequency, biological mutation rates, and cl...

  20. Medial Axis Local Planner: Local Planning for Medial Axis Roadmaps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manavi, Kasra Mehron

    2012-07-16

    implemented this local planner and have tested it in 2D and 3D rigid body and 8D and 16D fixed base articulated linkage environments. We compare MALP with a straight-line local planner (SL), a typical local planer used in motion planning that interpolated...

  1. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors, 2nd Edition. Unit 5 - Marketing Basics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    www1.extension.umn.edu/community/retail/e-market- ing/docs/sales (e.g. , retail grocery, restaurants, farmers’ markets,at farmers markets, through local retail stores, local

  2. Bayesian locally weighted online learning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edakunni, Narayanan U.

    2010-01-01

    Locally weighted regression is a non-parametric technique of regression that is capable of coping with non-stationarity of the input distribution. Online algorithms like Receptive FieldWeighted Regression and Locally ...

  3. Local Experts in Social Media 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachani, Vandana

    2013-12-04

    The problem of finding topic experts on social networking sites has been a continued topic of research. This thesis addresses the problem of identifying local experts in social media systems like Twitter. Local experts are experts with a topical...

  4. The Local Interstellar Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seth Redfield

    2006-01-06

    The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general interstellar phenomena in great detail and in three dimensions. In particular, high resolution optical and ultraviolet spectroscopy have proven to be powerful tools for addressing fundamental questions concerning the physical conditions and three-dimensional (3D) morphology of this local material. After reviewing our current understanding of the structure of gas in the solar neighborhood, I will discuss the influence that the LISM can have on stellar and planetary systems, including LISM dust deposition onto planetary atmospheres and the modulation of galactic cosmic rays through the astrosphere - the balancing interface between the outward pressure of the magnetized stellar wind and the inward pressure of the surrounding interstellar medium. On Earth, galactic cosmic rays may play a role as contributors to ozone layer chemistry, planetary electrical discharge frequency, biological mutation rates, and climate. Since the LISM shares the same volume as practically all known extrasolar planets, the prototypical debris disks systems, and nearby low-mass star-formation sites, it will be important to understand the structures of the LISM and how they may influence planetary atmospheres.

  5. jcpenney retail renovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Zhang, Jian; Ruiz, Kathleen A.; Wilburn, Matthew S.

    2011-06-30

    JC Penney is a partner with the DOE's Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) program, working with PNNL to explore energy design measures (EDMs) that may be applied to their building portfolio. A site in Colonial Heights, VA was chosen for a retrofit project; computer modeling predicts 45% improved energy performance compared to baseline operations. This case study reviews EDMs that were selected and their performance as of June 2011.

  6. Essays on Retail Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Hao-Chun

    2013-03-12

    . In the second essay, we develop a dynamic simulation model to analyze multiple antecedents of IRI. Based on simulation results, we derive two hypotheses on the association between IRI and labor. The panel data analysis shows that both the level and the mix...

  7. Retail Power Marketer

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNaturalOctoberheating13, 2014propanepropane2,

  8. Performing a local barrier operation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-03-04

    Performing a local barrier operation with parallel tasks executing on a compute node including, for each task: retrieving a present value of a counter; calculating, in dependence upon the present value of the counter and a total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a base value, the base value representing the counter's value prior to any task joining the local barrier; calculating, in dependence upon the base value and the total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a target value of the counter, the target value representing the counter's value when all tasks have joined the local barrier; joining the local barrier, including atomically incrementing the value of the counter; and repetitively, until the present value of the counter is no less than the target value of the counter: retrieving the present value of the counter and determining whether the present value equals the target value.

  9. Performing a local barrier operation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-03-04

    Performing a local barrier operation with parallel tasks executing on a compute node including, for each task: retrieving a present value of a counter; calculating, in dependence upon the present value of the counter and a total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a base value of the counter, the base value representing the counter's value prior to any task joining the local barrier; calculating, in dependence upon the base value and the total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a target value, the target value representing the counter's value when all tasks have joined the local barrier; joining the local barrier, including atomically incrementing the value of the counter; and repetitively, until the present value of the counter is no less than the target value of the counter: retrieving the present value of the counter and determining whether the present value equals the target value.

  10. Healthy Zero Energy Buildings (HZEB) Program - Cross-Sectional Study of Contaminant Levels, Source, Strengths, and Ventilation Rates in Retail Stores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Wanyu R.; Sidheswaran, Meera; Cohn, Sebastian; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Fisk, William

    2014-02-01

    This field study measured ventilation rates and indoor air quality parameters in 21 visits to retail stores in California. The data was collected to guide the development of new, science-based commercial building ventilation rate standards that balance the dual objectives of increasing energy efficiency and maintaining acceptable indoor air quality. Data collection occurred between September 2011 and March 2013. Three types of stores participated in this study: grocery stores, furniture/hardware stores, and apparel stores. Ventilation rates and indoor air contaminant concentrations were measured on a weekday, typically between 9 am and 6 pm. Ventilation rates measured using a tracer gas decay method exceeded the minimum requirement of California’s Title 24 Standard in all but one store. Even though there was adequate ventilation according to Title 24, concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein exceeded the most stringent chronic health guidelines. Other indoor air contaminants measured included carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O{sub 3}), and particulate matter (PM). Concentrations of CO{sub 2} were kept low by adequate ventilation, and were assumed low also because the sampling occurred on a weekday when retail stores were less busy. CO concentrations were also low. The indoor-outdoor ratios of O{sub 3} showed that the first-order loss rate may vary by store trade types and also by ventilation mode (mechanical versus natural). Analysis of fine and ultrafine PM measurements showed that a substantial portion of the particle mass in grocery stores with cooking-related emissions was in particles less than 0.3 ?m. Stores without cooking as an indoor source had PM size distributions that were more similar indoors and outdoors. The whole-building emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and PM were estimated from the measured ventilation rates and indoor and outdoor contaminant concentrations. Mass balance models were then used to determine the ventilation rates, filtration strategies, or source reductions needed to maintain indoor contaminant concentrations below reference levels. Several scenarios of potential concern were considered: (i) formaldehyde levels in furniture/hardware stores, (ii) contaminants associated with cooking (e.g., PM, acrolein, and acetaldehyde) in grocery stores, and (iii) outdoor contaminants (e.g., PM and O{sub 3}) impacting stores that use natural ventilation. Estimated formaldehyde emission rates suggest that retail stores would need to ventilate at levels far exceeding the current Title 24 requirement to lower indoor concentrations below California’s stringent formaldehyde reference level. Given the high costs of providing ventilation but only modest chronic health benefit is expected, effective source control is an attractive alternative, as demonstrated by some retail stores in this study. Predictions showed that grocery stores need MERV 13 air filters, instead of MERV 8 filters that are more commonly used, to maintain indoor PM at levels that meet the chronic health standards for PM. Exposure to acrolein is a potential health concern in grocery stores, and should be addressed by increasing the use of kitchen range hoods or improving their contaminant removal efficiency. In stores that rely on natural ventilation, indoor PM can be a health concern if the stores are located in areas with high outdoor PM. This concern may be addressed by switching to mechanical ventilation when the outdoor air quality is poor, while continuing natural ventilation when outdoor air quality is good.

  11. Local Option- Clean Energy Financing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money through their local government to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically...

  12. ANDERSON LOCALIZATION FOR TIME PERIODIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    disorder, Anderson localization in Z d is stable un- der localized time-periodic perturbations by proving random Schrodinger operators at large disorder has been well known since the seminal work of Fr is approximated by the potential V . The equation governing the system is (1.5) i @ @t = (#1; + V ) on Z d #2

  13. Local Power in Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo Albareda; Fabio Lorenzo Traversa; Xavier Oriols

    2015-11-12

    A general expression for the local power of a quantum system is derived. Defined as the time rate of change of the kinetic energy evaluated in a finite volume $\\Omega$ of the physical space, the local power exhibits contributions from both many-body classical and quantum correlations. Significantly, quantum correlations are manifested through the presence of non-local sources/sinks of power and through the action of local forces with no classical counterpart. The soundness of our results is proved along three limits of particular relevance: the closed-system limit ($\\Omega \\to \\infty$), the limit of non-interacting particles, and invoking classicality. Interestingly, we show that quantum fingerprints arise on the local power expression only when the volume $\\Omega$ is finite. Otherwise we recover a classical-like expression. This work could be of particular interest in the field of nanoelectronics, where the realization of a zero-power technology constitutes a long standing challenge.

  14. Local Termination: theory and practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endrullis, Joerg; Waldmann, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    The characterisation of termination using well-founded monotone algebras has been a milestone on the way to automated termination techniques, of which we have seen an extensive development over the past years. Both the semantic characterisation and most known termination methods are concerned with global termination, uniformly of all the terms of a term rewriting system (TRS). In this paper we consider local termination, of specific sets of terms within a given TRS. The principal goal of this paper is generalising the semantic characterisation of global termination to local termination. This is made possible by admitting the well-founded monotone algebras to be partial. We also extend our approach to local relative termination. The interest in local termination naturally arises in program verification, where one is probably interested only in sensible inputs, or just wants to characterise the set of inputs for which a program terminates. Local termination will be also be of interest when dealing with a specif...

  15. Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 3 - Particulate Emissions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General PublicConsumer Industrial InstallerContractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government...

  16. Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 5 - Fugitive Dust (Rhode...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General PublicConsumer Industrial InstallerContractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    retail suppliers) to use renewa... Eligibility: Investor-Owned Utility, Local Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Solar Water Heat, Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal...

  18. SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION, THE NEW ECONOMICS AND LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    as a practical means of making the desired changes to conventional production and consumption systems. This paper (comprising production, marketing, distribution, retail and consumption in social and cultural context) which mediate between and link `a particular pattern of production with a particular pattern of consumption

  19. Indoor Localization Algorithms for an Ambulatory Human Operated 3D Mobile Mapping System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corso, N; Zakhor, A

    2013-12-03

    Indoor localization and mapping is an important problem with many applications such as emergency response, architectural modeling, and historical preservation. In this paper, we develop an automatic, off-line pipeline for metrically accurate, GPS-denied, indoor 3D mobile mapping using a human-mounted backpack system consisting of a variety of sensors. There are three novel contributions in our proposed mapping approach. First, we present an algorithm which automatically detects loop closure constraints from an occupancy grid map. In doing so, we ensure that constraints are detected only in locations that are well conditioned for scan matching. Secondly, we address the problem of scan matching with poor initial condition by presenting an outlier-resistant, genetic scan matching algorithm that accurately matches scans despite a poor initial condition. Third, we present two metrics based on the amount and complexity of overlapping geometry in order to vet the estimated loop closure constraints. By doing so, we automatically prevent erroneous loop closures from degrading the accuracy of the reconstructed trajectory. The proposed algorithms are experimentally verified using both controlled and real-world data. The end-to-end system performance is evaluated using 100 surveyed control points in an office environment and obtains a mean accuracy of 10 cm. Experimental results are also shown on three additional datasets from real world environments including a 1500 meter trajectory in a warehouse sized retail shopping center.

  20. Termination Detection of Local Computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godard, Emmanuel; Tel, Gerard

    2010-01-01

    Contrary to the sequential world, the processes involved in a distributed system do not necessarily know when a computation is globally finished. This paper investigates the problem of the detection of the termination of local computations. We define four types of termination detection: no detection, detection of the local termination, detection by a distributed observer, detection of the global termination. We give a complete characterisation (except in the local termination detection case where a partial one is given) for each of this termination detection and show that they define a strict hierarchy. These results emphasise the difference between computability of a distributed task and termination detection. Furthermore, these characterisations encompass all standard criteria that are usually formulated : topological restriction (tree, rings, or triangu- lated networks ...), topological knowledge (size, diameter ...), and local knowledge to distinguish nodes (identities, sense of direction). These re- sult...

  1. Inline evenflow material distributor for pneumatic material feed systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thiry, Michael J. (Oakdale, CA)

    2007-02-20

    An apparatus for reducing clogs in a pneumatic material feed line, such as employed in abrasive waterjet machining systems, by providing an evenflow feed of material therethrough. The apparatus preferably includes a hollow housing defining a housing volume and having an inlet capable of connecting to an upstream portion of the pneumatic material feed line, an outlet capable of connecting to a downstream portion of the pneumatic material feed line, and an air vent located between the inlet and outlet for venting excess air pressure out from the housing volume. A diverter, i.e. an impingement object, is located at the inlet and in a path of incoming material from the upstream portion of the pneumatic material feed line, to break up clumps of ambient moisture-ridden material impinging on the diverter. And one or more filter screens is also preferably located in the housing volume to further break up clumps and provide filtering.

  2. CenterPoint Energy A/C Distributor Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note:  This incentive is only available to customers within CenterPoint Energy’s electric service territory (greater Houston area, Texas)

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Distributors Inc. to Convert

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TA I NLoansAFDCHydrogen

  4. HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION DISTRIBUTORS INTERNATIONAL

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11, SolarMatFermiGuido DeHoratiis -PDF version(HARDI) |

  5. Non-Local Correlations and Interactive Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preda, Daniel Ciprian

    2011-01-01

    non-local provers P NL such that the acceptance probabilitynon-local provers P i Q such that the acceptance probabilitythe same acceptance probability CHAPTER 4. GENERAL NON-LOCAL

  6. Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

    2010-01-07

    The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

  7. algorithmic computation of local cohomology modules and the local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge of local cohomology modules provides interesting in-. formation .... below). Most of the algorithmic ideas in this section appear already in .... mials of An, subject to m < m ... on which gi we pick amongst those whose initial term divides the initial ..... For purposes of reference we also list algorithms that compute the.

  8. Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-22

    Feb 16, 2009 ... 1 Left-derived functors. Tensor and Tor. 2 Hom -Tensor adjunction. 3 Abstract local duality. 4 Concrete local duality. 5 Residues and duality for ...

  9. Local

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L S C O NLivingtearing mode

  10. Local

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L S C O NLivingtearing

  11. Local

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L S C O NLivingtearingparticle

  12. Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals: Getting Support from Local Leaders

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Power Point presentation from the Furthering your Local Governments Energy Efficiency Goals part 1 Getting Support From Local Leaders webcast.

  13. Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    utility customers. Using a hybrid energy resource optimization framework, we explore optimal configuration to come from a mixture of locally managed small-scale hydroelectricity, biogas generators and accompanying of the Baram River Basin in Sarawak as the basin next scheduled for mega hydroelectricity development

  14. Local algorithms for graph partitioning and finding dense subgraphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Reid

    2007-01-01

    ed local partitioning algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . .7 A Local Algorithm for Finding DenseComparison of local partitioning algorithms . . . . . . . .

  15. Quasi-local energy for cosmological models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang-Mei Chen; Jian-Liang Liu; James M. Nester

    2007-05-15

    First we briefly review our covariant Hamiltonian approach to quasi-local energy, noting that the Hamiltonian-boundary-term quasi-local energy expressions depend on the chosen boundary conditions and reference configuration. Then we present the quasi-local energy values resulting from the formalism applied to homogeneous Bianchi cosmologies. Finally we consider the quasi-local energies of the FRW cosmologies. Our results do not agree with certain widely accepted quasi-local criteria.

  16. Building a Smarter Planet: 3 in a Series IBM, the IBM logo, ibm.com, Smarter Planet and the planet icon are trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.A current list of IBM trademarks is available on th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , infusing our power grids, banking systems, retail supply chains and city streets with intelligence. Are we of the whole. Dallas-based electricity distributor Oncor has deployed a smart meter network that is also a more systems. And those systems are shared--and shaped--by businesses, cities, government agencies

  17. Supply Chain Supernetworks Random Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Supply Chain Supernetworks with Random Demands June Dong and Ding Zhang Department of Marketing of three tiers of decision-makers: the manufacturers, the distributors, and the retailers, with the demands equilibrium model with electronic commerce and with random demands for which modeling, qualitative analysis

  18. A simple model for trading climate risk # Sebastien Chaumont, Peter Imkeller and Matthias Muller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imkeller, Peter

    possible market price of risk each agent can maximize the exponential utility from three sources of income supplying gas to retail distributors. If for example the heating season in winter is unusually warm, due to a smaller volume of gas sold profits may shrink. Another example is given by the risk due to big

  19. A simple model for trading climate risk Sebastien Chaumont, Peter Imkeller and Matthias Muller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imkeller, Peter

    possible market price of risk each agent can maximize the exponential utility from three sources of income supplying gas to retail distributors. If for example the heating season in winter is unusually warm, due to a smaller volume of gas sold profits may shrink. Another example is given by the risk due to big

  20. CALiPER Snapshot Report: MR16 Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-01-01

    Snapshot reports use data from DOE's LED Lighting Facts product list to compare the LED performance to standard technologies, and are designed to help lighting retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency program sponsors, and other stakeholders understand the current state of the LED market and its trajectory.

  1. CALiPER Snapshot Report: Light Bulbs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    Snapshot reports use data from DOE's LED Lighting Facts product list to compare the LED performance to standard technologies, and are designed to help lighting retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency program sponsors, and other stakeholders understand the current state of the LED market and its trajectory.

  2. CALiPER Snapshot Report: Indoor LED Luminaires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-01

    Snapshot reports use data from DOE's LED Lighting Facts product list to compare the LED performance to standard technologies, and are designed to help lighting retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency program sponsors, and other stakeholders understand the current state of the LED market and its trajectory.

  3. CALiPER Snapshot Report: Outdoor Area Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-07-01

    Snapshot reports use data from DOE's LED Lighting Facts product list to compare the LED performance to standard technologies, and are designed to help lighting retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency program sponsors, and other stakeholders understand the current state of the LED market and its trajectory.

  4. Supernetworks in Healthcare Humanitarian Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    realization, consist of manufacturers and suppliers, distributors, retailers, and consumers at the demand markets. Today, supply chains may span thousands of miles across the globe, involve numerous suppliers; congestion, which leads to nonlinearities; alternative behavior of users of the networks, which may lead

  5. The contribution of Internet electronic commerce to advanced supply chain reform -a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurnia, Sherah

    Chapter 13 The contribution of Internet electronic commerce to advanced supply chain reform retailers and distributors in implementing supply chain reforms. Unwillingness on the part of SMEs to adopt enabling role for advanced supply chain reforms. We begin by describing in detail a new distribution

  6. The Local Dimension of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Scott

    2011-01-31

     emissions  from  local  authority  owned  infrastructure  (excluding social housing energy consumption).    10 More  importantly,  additional  energy  savings  can  be  made  from  the  more  than  3.6  million homes in the UK classified as “social rented...  regional development agendas. In contrast, the USA has a  somewhat centralised political administration where power for the most part of the 20th  5 As measured by energy intensity in 2006 (gross inland consumption (GDP) / kg of oil equivalent) source: IEA...

  7. Local Representation in the Context of Decentralization: Mayors, Citizens, and Local Governance in Latin America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shockley, Bethany L

    2014-06-06

    aspects of local representation: government responsiveness and procedural inclusiveness. I examine local representation in the context of decentralization because local officials and citizens interact according to the set of decentralization policies...

  8. Improving locality with dynamic memory allocation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jula, Alin Narcis

    2009-05-15

    . Hint Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 B. Allocators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 1. TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 a. Allocation & Deallocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 b.... Pitfalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 4. Summary of TP, Defero and Medius . . . . . . . . . . 63 C. Design Challenges for Locality Improving Allocators . . . . 65 1. Speed Competes with Fragmentation . . . . . . . . . . 66 2. Locality...

  9. Sensor network localization based on natural phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Daniel Sang

    2006-01-01

    Autonomous localization is crucial for many sensor network applications. The goal of this thesis is to develop a distributed localization algorithm for the PLUG indoor sensor network by analyzing sound and light sensory ...

  10. Local Option- Solar Sales Tax Exemption

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The exemption does not apply to solar pool heating or other recreational applications. The laws also permit local governments (municipalities and counties) to grant an exemption from local sales...

  11. "Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals-- Part 1- Getting Support From Local Leaders "

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s technical assistance program webcast on furthering your local government’s energy efficiency goals. This is part one, gaining support from local leaders.

  12. NOvA Experiment - The Local Community

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Deb Wieber

    2010-01-08

    Local proprietors Steve and Deb Wieber discuss the impact of the NOvA experiment on their community.

  13. Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to Local Wins Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to Local Wins Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local...

  14. Data-centric Transformations for Locality Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pingali, Keshav K.

    -centric transformations for locality enhancement. We present experimental results on the SGI Octane compar- ingData-centric Transformations for Locality Enhancement Induprakas Kodukula Keshav Pingali September community has developed locality-enhancing program transformations such as loop permutation and tiling

  15. Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB Aggregation Nadi Sarrar Marcin Bienkowski Stefan Schmid Steve of London TU Berlin Technical Report: 2012-12 ISSN: 1436-9915 #12;Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB effectively exploit the locality of FIB churn to keep low the number of updates to the aggregated FIB, as most

  16. Local Constructive Set Theory and Inductive Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aczel, Peter

    Local Constructive Set Theory and Inductive Definitions Peter Aczel 1 Introduction Local Constructive Set Theory (LCST) is intended to be a local version of con- structive set theory (CST principles, is also acceptable in topos mathematics, the mathematics that can be carried out in an arbi

  17. California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy: 12,000 Megawatts By 2020 A Report on the Governor's Conference on Local Renewable Energy June 7, 2012 #12;This report was made possible. #12;California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy: 12,000 Megawatts By 2020 A Report

  18. environmental health The Local Board of Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental health The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Second Edition #12;The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Second Edition Author Carrie Hribar, MA Project Director ­ Public Health Policy National Association of Local Boards of Health Editor Mark Schultz, MEd

  19. Localization of quantum Bernoulli noises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Caishi; Zhang, Jihong [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China)] [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China)

    2013-10-15

    The family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} of annihilation and creation operators acting on square integrable functionals of a Bernoulli process Z= (Z{sub k}){sub k?0} can be interpreted as quantum Bernoulli noises. In this note we consider the operator family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0}, where ?{sub k}=?{sub k}E{sub k} with E{sub k} being the conditional expectation (operator) given ?-field ?(Z{sub j}; 0 ?j?k). We show that ?{sub k} (resp. ?{sub k}{sup *}) is essentially a kind of localization of the annihilation operator ?{sub k} (resp. creation operator ?{sub k}{sup *}). We examine properties of the family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} and prove, among other things, that ?{sub k} and ?{sub k}{sup *} satisfy a local canonical anti-communication relation and (?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} forms a mutually orthogonal operator sequence although each ?{sub k} is not a projection operator. We find that the operator series ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}X?{sub k} converges in the strong operator topology for each bounded operator X acting on square integrable functionals of Z. In particular we get an explicit sum of the operator series ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}?{sub k}. A useful norm estimate on ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}X?{sub k} is also obtained. Finally we show applications of our main results to quantum dynamical semigroups and quantum probability.

  20. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    Versus Regulated Europe: Walmart Goes to Germany II. A New1994. AGSM. “Carrefour vs. Walmart: The Battle for GlobalVersus Regulated Europe: Walmart Goes to Germany Walmart

  1. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    information, suppliers provide a source institutionalinformation, suppliers provide a source institutional

  2. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    Walmart’s “efficient” business model might not fare well instrategy to engineer new business models. These new entrantsrelational contracting business models built on cost sharing

  3. Dynamic Representations and Escaping Local Optima: Improving Genetic Algorithms and Local Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitley, Darrell

    'escape' local optima by accepting non- improving moves. Another possibility is to dynamically changeDynamic Representations and Escaping Local Optima: Improving Genetic Algorithms and Local Search University Fort Collins, CO 80523 e-mail: {laura,watsonj,whitley}@cs.colostate.edu Abstract Local search

  4. Spatial Risk Measures and their Local Specification: The Locally Law-Invariant Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Föllmer, Hans

    the position acceptable from the point of view of a supervising agency. Typically, such a local risk assessmentSpatial Risk Measures and their Local Specification: The Locally Law- Invariant Case by Hans F in Statistical Mechanics, we discuss the local specification of a global risk measure in terms of conditional

  5. Retail Sales Allocation Tool (RSAT)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serial codes onInitiatives » Nuclear421236

  6. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNaturalOctoberheating13, 2014propanepropane2,165 2.159059

  7. Local Varying-Alpha Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo

    2015-01-30

    In a recent paper we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein-Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened, in this framework. Some interesting new cosmological solutions for the very early universe are found, including the possibility of a bounce, inflation and expansion with a loitering phase, all of which are induced by early variations in alpha.

  8. State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Local Code Implementation: Southeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code...

  9. Local Energy Velocity of Classical Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. V. Drozdov; A. A. Stahlhofen

    2007-04-19

    It is proposed to apply a recently developed concept of local wave velocities to the dynamical field characteristics, especially for the canonical field energy density. It is shown that local energy velocities can be derived from the lagrangian directly. The local velocities of zero- and first- order for energy propagation has been obtained for special cases of scalar and vector fields. Some important special cases of these results are discussed.

  10. Fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Jianke [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401 (United States)

    2010-11-15

    We report the prediction of fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons. These solitons are obtained in a quasi-one-dimensional waveguide array which is periodic along one spatial direction and localized along the orthogonal direction. Under appropriate nonlinearity, these solitons are found to exist inside the Bloch bands (continuous spectrum) of the waveguide and thus are embedded solitons. These embedded solitons are fully localized along both spatial directions. In addition, they are fully stable under perturbations.

  11. Model Wind Ordinance for Local Governments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2006, Pennsylvania developed a model local ordinance for wind energy facilities through a collaborative effort involving several state departments and stakeholder groups. The purpose of the...

  12. ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberman, Lior

    ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES LIOR SILBERMAN A DISSERTATION PRESENTED Lindenstrauss on the arithmetic quantum chaos problem on hyperbolic surfaces. We have also benefited from

  13. Communication vs. Performance in Source Localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandari, Roja; Pottie, Gregory

    2007-01-01

    localization. Cost of Wireless Communication Energy can be aConsiderable energy is used in wireless communication In aamount of energy is consumed through wireless communication.

  14. LECTURES ON LOCAL COHOMOLOGY AND DUALITY Contents ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-12-28

    Introduction. This is an expanded version of a series of lectures given during the Local. Cohomology workshop at CIMAT, Guanajuoto, Mexico, Nov. 29–Dec. 3,.

  15. Localized Induction Equation for Stretched Vortex Filament

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimiaki Konno; Hiroshi Kakuhata

    2006-03-02

    We study numerically the motion of the stretched vortex filaments by using the localized induction equation with the stretch and that without the stretch.

  16. Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-07

    Lectures on Grothendieck Duality. II: Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality. Joseph Lipman. February 16, 2009. Contents. 1 Left-derived functors.

  17. LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D-MODULES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloch, Spencer

    LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D. Local Fourier transforms, analogous to the `-adic local Fourier transforms [14], are constructed infinitesimal rigidity condition is satisfied. As in [12], the argument uses local Fourier transforms

  18. LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    Sustainable production and consumption has risen up the political agenda over the last ten years, to becomeLOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION By Gill Seyfang CSERGE Working Paper EDM 04-09 #12;Local Organic Food: The Social Implications of Sustainable Consumption By Gill

  19. Localization of Classical Waves I: Acoustic Waves.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Localization of Classical Waves I: Acoustic Waves. Alexander Figotin \\Lambda Department, 1997 Abstract We consider classical acoustic waves in a medium described by a position dependent mass the existence of localized waves, i.e., finite energy solutions of the acoustic equations with the property

  20. Biomass for energy and materials Local technologies -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - holds Industry Agricult. Pretreatment of biomass and waste CO2 Gasification Combustion MicrobialBiomass for energy and materials Local technologies - in a global perspective Erik Steen Jensen Bioenergy and biomass Biosystems Department Risø National Laboratory Denmark #12;Biomass - a local resource

  1. Localization of fremions in rotating electromagnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Gisin

    2015-06-15

    Parameters of localization are defined in the lab and rotating frame for solutions of the Dirac equation in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and constant magnetic field. The radius of localization is of the order of the electromagnetic wavelength and lesser.

  2. DAMAGE LOCALIZATION USING LOAD VECTORS Dionisio Bernal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernal, Dionisio

    DAMAGE LOCALIZATION USING LOAD VECTORS Dionisio Bernal Associate Professor Department of Civil: A technique to localize damage in structures that can be treated as linear in the pre and post-damage state is presented. Central to the approach is the computation of a set of vectors, designated as Damage Locating

  3. Structural Damage Detection and Localization Using NETSHM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnawali, Omprakash

    Structural Damage Detection and Localization Using NETSHM Krishna Chintalapudi, Jeongyeup Paek and localize damage in large civil structures. Structural engineers often implement and test SHM algorithms the intricacies of wireless networking, or the details of sensor data acquisition. We have implemented a damage

  4. Local Export Spillovers in France Pamina Koenig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Local Export Spillovers in France Pamina Koenig Florian Mayneris Sandra Poncet§ Abstract This paper investigates the presence of local export spillovers on both the extensive (the decision to start exporting) and the intensive (the export volume) margins of trade, using data on French individual export flows, at the product

  5. Book Reviews Local Constraints vs. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Book Reviews Local Constraints vs. Economy David E. Johnson and Shalom Lappin (IBM Thomas J. Watson, the authors summarize the Chomsky 1995 version of global economy in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3, they discuss two versions of local economy, that proposed by Collins (1997) and the one developed by Yang (1997

  6. Contributed Paper Biodiversity Conservation in Local Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, James R.

    , urbanization, Washington Conservaci´on de la Biodiversidad en la Planificaci´on Local Resumen: Las pol biodiversidad en los Estados Unidos. Muchos planificadores y cient´ificos de la conservaci´on han hecho un´on de la biodiversidad a escalas locales. Pero, se conoce poco sobre la generalidad de estas pr

  7. Range-Free Localization Radu Stoleru1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankovic, John A.

    in wireless sensor networks (WSN). WSN are formed by large numbers of densely deployed nodes enabled is the process of determining the coordinates of the sensor nodes in the WSN. Target localization is the process problem in WSN. Node localization is a complicated and important problem for wireless sensor networks (WSN

  8. Climate Change Adaptation for Local Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Climate Change Adaptation for Local Government A Resource Guide June 2011 Jenny Fraser, Adaptation Specialist, Climate Action Secretariat, BC Ministry of Environment & Matthew Strand, Researcher, Adaptation to Climate Change Team, Simon Fraser University #12;Page 1 of 26 Climate Change Adaptation for Local

  9. Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    1 Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins Boyang optimization problems. First, a large number of component optimizations for maximization of margins are performed. Response surface approximations (RSA) for maximum margins of component optimization

  10. Localities and their natural gas : stories of problem diffusion, state preemption, and local government capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agatstein, Jessica C

    2013-01-01

    The rapid rise of oil and gas production in the United States poses a new set of policy challenges for local governments. Striving to balance the goals of encouraging economic growth and mitigating its side effects, local ...

  11. Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals-- Part 1- Getting Support From Local Leaders

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of some of the best practices for gaining support for energy efficiency projects from your local leaders , key data points and other items of interest that local leaders might look for when approached about supporting energy efficiency projects..

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Standard Eligible Technologies: Eligibility: Investor-Owned Utility, Local Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuels Renewables Portfolio Standard Eligible Technologies: Eligibility: Investor-Owned Utility, Local Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Geothermal Electric, Solar...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technologies not identified Energy Efficiency Standard Origin Eligibility: Investor-Owned Utility, Local Government, Municipal Utilities, Cooperative Utilities, Retail Supplier...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Local Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Biomass, Hydroelectric, Municipal Solid...

  16. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kershen, Drew; Martin, Philip L.; Sexton, Steven

    2012-01-01

    discount retailers like Walmart to seek out local suppliers.and maintain profits. Walmart, for instance, announced a

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Utility, Local Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Biomass, Hydroelectric, Municipal...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Local Government, Nonprofit, State Government, Federal Government, Retail Supplier Savings Category: Geothermal Heat Pumps, Clothes Washers, Dishwasher, RefrigeratorsFreezers,...

  19. Local Option- County Energy District Authority

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oklahoma enacted S.B. 102, effective November 2011, to make PACE loans junior and inferior to other liens. This law should allow local governments to adopt PACE programs that are within the accep...

  20. Essays on Banking and Local Credit Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Hoai-Luu

    2015-01-01

    This thesis consists of three chapters on banking and local credit markets. The first chapter studies the relationship between bank-specific capital and credit access in a new setting: bank branch closings in markets where ...

  1. A Library for Locally Weighted Projection Regression 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klanke, Stefan; Vijayakumar, Sethu; Schaal, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we introduce an improved implementation of locally weighted projection regression (LWPR), a supervised learning algorithm that is capable of handling high-dimensional input data. As the key features, our ...

  2. Agenda: State, Local and Tribal Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Many of the primary authorities and governance structures that exist for states, localities and tribes related to electricity infrastructure have been in place for decades. What can be learned from...

  3. Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badyaev, Alex

    Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary Diversification in Foraging, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona Developmental plasticity is thought to reconcile the constraining role morphology into adulthood, providing an opportunity to directly examine the links between plasticity of bone

  4. Local Option- Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money from the local government to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repai...

  5. Cooperative localization for autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahr, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Self-localization of an underwater vehicle is particularly challenging due to the absence of Global Positioning System (GPS) reception or features at known positions that could otherwise have been used for position ...

  6. Local community extraction in directed networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Xuemei; Zhang, Shihua

    2015-01-01

    Network is a simple but powerful representation of real-world complex systems. Network community analysis has become an invaluable tool to explore and reveal the internal organization of nodes. However, only a few methods were directly designed for community-detection in directed networks. In this article, we introduce the concept of local community structure in directed networks and provide a generic criterion to describe a local community with two properties. We further propose a stochastic optimization algorithm to rapidly detect a local community, which allows for uncovering the directional modular characteristics in directed networks. Numerical results show that the proposed method can resolve detailed local communities with directional information and provide more structural characteristics of directed networks than previous methods.

  7. Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poliannikov, Oleg V.

    2011-05-19

    Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

  8. Locally-smeared operator product expansions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostantinos

    2014-12-01

    We propose a "locally-smeared Operator Product Expansion" (sOPE) to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of locally-smeared operators. The sOPE formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements of smeared degrees of freedom, determined numerically using the gradient flow, to non-local operators in the continuum. The nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale prevents a simple connection to the standard operator product expansion and therefore requires the construction of a two-scale formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using the example of real scalar field theory.

  9. Emerging local warming signals in observational data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahlstein, Irina

    The global average temperature of the Earth has increased, but year-to-year variability in local climates impedes the identification of clear changes in observations and human experience. For a signal to become obvious in ...

  10. Force localization in contracting cell layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carina M. Edwards; Ulrich S. Schwarz

    2012-01-13

    Epithelial cell layers on soft elastic substrates or pillar arrays are commonly used as model systems for investigating the role of force in tissue growth, maintenance and repair. Here we show analytically that the experimentally observed localization of traction forces to the periphery of the cell layers does not necessarily imply increased local cell activity, but follows naturally from the elastic problem of a finite-sized contractile layer coupled to an elastic foundation. For homogeneous contractility, the force localization is determined by one dimensionless parameter interpolating between linear and exponential force profiles for the extreme cases of very soft and very stiff substrates, respectively. If contractility is sufficiently increased at the periphery, outward directed displacements can occur at intermediate positions, although the edge itself still retracts. We also show that anisotropic extracellular stiffness leads to force localization in the stiffer direction, as observed experimentally.

  11. Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poliannikov, Oleg V.

    Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

  12. Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Commercial renewable energy property in these zones are eligible for a 3 to 5 year local property tax exemption. Eligible property includes either wind, geothermal, solar, biomass, or other uncon...

  13. Internet Exchanges: Enabling Local Online Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Keith

    Interconnect Principles Internet Exchange History Internet Exchange Models Internet Exchange Security Setting, Foundry #12;Internet Exchanges History #12;A decade+ of Internet Exchanges The London Internet ExchangeInternet Exchanges: Enabling Local Online Communities Keith Mitchell Chair, United Kingdom Network

  14. Anderson localization of partially incoherent light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capeta, D.; Radic, J.; Buljan, H.; Szameit, A.; Segev, M.

    2011-07-15

    We study Anderson localization and propagation of partially spatially incoherent wavepackets in linear disordered potentials, motivated by the insight that interference phenomena resulting from multiple scattering are affected by the coherence of the waves. We find that localization is delayed by incoherence: the more incoherent the waves are, the longer they diffusively spread while propagating in the medium. However, if all the eigenmodes of the system are exponentially localized (as in one- and two-dimensional disordered systems), any partially incoherent wavepacket eventually exhibits localization with exponentially decaying tails, after sufficiently long propagation distances. Interestingly, we find that the asymptotic behavior of the incoherent beam is similar to that of a single instantaneous coherent realization of the beam.

  15. EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer

    2014-06-26

    EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.

  16. Entanglement quantification by local unitary operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monras, A.; Giampaolo, S. M.; Gualdi, G.; Illuminati, F.; Adesso, G.; Davies, G. B.

    2011-07-15

    Invariance under local unitary operations is a fundamental property that must be obeyed by every proper measure of quantum entanglement. However, this is not the only aspect of entanglement theory where local unitary operations play a relevant role. In the present work we show that the application of suitable local unitary operations defines a family of bipartite entanglement monotones, collectively referred to as ''mirror entanglement.'' They are constructed by first considering the (squared) Hilbert-Schmidt distance of the state from the set of states obtained by applying to it a given local unitary operator. To the action of each different local unitary operator there corresponds a different distance. We then minimize these distances over the sets of local unitary operations with different spectra, obtaining an entire family of different entanglement monotones. We show that these mirror-entanglement monotones are organized in a hierarchical structure, and we establish the conditions that need to be imposed on the spectrum of a local unitary operator for the associated mirror entanglement to be faithful, i.e., to vanish in and only in separable pure states. We analyze in detail the properties of one particularly relevant member of the family, the ''stellar mirror entanglement'' associated with the traceless local unitary operations with nondegenerate spectra and equispaced eigenvalues in the complex plane. This particular measure generalizes the original analysis of S. M. Giampaolo and F. Illuminati [Phys. Rev. A 76, 042301 (2007)], valid for qubits and qutrits. We prove that the stellar entanglement is a faithful bipartite entanglement monotone in any dimension and that it is bounded from below by a function proportional to the linear entropy and from above by the linear entropy itself, coinciding with it in two- and three-dimensional spaces.

  17. Targeting Illegal Immigration: Local Ordinate Action 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Emily; Moffitt, Jessica; Montemayor, Victoria; Riedel, Sarah; Smith, Bart; Weizel, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    to prevent unauthorized immigration. However, from 1990 to 2005, estimates of the unauthorized alien population in the United States have risen from 3.5 million to 11.5 million people, a 325 percent increase. A small number of localities have taken action... to unauthorized aliens, while others passed legislation targeting day labor centers, loitering, and government services. Consistent with findings made in other studies,1 at the time of our study we found that only approximately 100 localities have...

  18. EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer

    2014-06-23

    EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.

  19. p-ADIC ARAKELOV THEORY: LOCAL THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " on the completions above p. In this part of the paper we only deal with the local theory, i.e., above p. This really, on a complete curve over a p-adic #12;eld. The goal of the local theory is to describe an extension of this pairing, by giving a Green function G(P; Q) with certain desirable properties, in such a way that (1.1) DX

  20. States and Local Communities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle ReplacementStates and Local Communities States and Local

  1. Relative localization of point particle interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    José Ricardo Oliveira

    2011-10-25

    We review the main concepts of the recently introduced principle of relative locality and investigate some aspects of classical interactions between point particles from this new perspective. We start with a physical motivation and basic mathematical description of relative locality and review the treatment of a system of classical point particles in this framework. We then examine one of the unsolved problems of this picture, the apparent ambiguities in the definition of momentum constraints caused by a non-commutative and/or non-associative momentum addition rule. The gamma ray burst experiment is used as an illustration. Finally, we use the formalism of relative locality to reinterpret the well-known multiple point particle system coupled to 2+1 Einstein gravity, analyzing the geometry of its phase space and once again referring to the gamma ray burst problem as an example.

  2. Secure positioning and non-local correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Nadeem

    2015-03-31

    Recently, the problem of secure position-verification has been extensively analyzed in a formal notion where distant verifiers send encrypted challenge along with the decryption information to the prover. However, currently it is known that all the existing position-verification scheme are insecure and secure positioning is impossible. We propose here a different notion for position-verification where distant verifiers determine the actions of the prover through non-local correlations generated by local measurements at the provers site. The proposed scheme guarantees secure positioning even if the verifiers do not have any pre-shared data with the prover, position is the only credential of the prover. Our proposed scheme is secure in general and evades known quantum attacks based on instantaneous non-local computations in particular. The scheme enables verifiers to identify dishonest provers with very high probability , where n is the number of entangled pairs used.

  3. Local magnitudes of small contained explosions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chael, Eric Paul

    2009-12-01

    The relationship between explosive yield and seismic magnitude has been extensively studied for underground nuclear tests larger than about 1 kt. For monitoring smaller tests over local ranges (within 200 km), we need to know whether the available formulas can be extrapolated to much lower yields. Here, we review published information on amplitude decay with distance, and on the seismic magnitudes of industrial blasts and refraction explosions in the western U. S. Next we measure the magnitudes of some similar shots in the northeast. We find that local magnitudes ML of small, contained explosions are reasonably consistent with the magnitude-yield formulas developed for nuclear tests. These results are useful for estimating the detection performance of proposed local seismic networks.

  4. Does chaos assist localization or delocalization?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Jintao; Luo, Yunrong; Hai, Wenhua, E-mail: whhai2005@aliyun.com [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Low-dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081 (China); Lu, Gengbiao [Department of Physics and Electronic Science, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410004 (China)

    2014-12-01

    We aim at a long-standing contradiction between chaos-assisted tunneling and chaos-related localization study quantum transport of a single particle held in an amplitude-modulated and tilted optical lattice. We find some near-resonant regions crossing chaotic and regular regions in the parameter space, and demonstrate that chaos can heighten velocity of delocalization in the chaos-resonance overlapping regions, while chaos may aid localization in the other chaotic regions. The degree of localization enhances with increasing the distance between parameter points and near-resonant regions. The results could be useful for experimentally manipulating chaos-assisted transport of single particles in optical or solid-state lattices.

  5. An eigensystem approach to Anderson localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Elgart; Abel Klein

    2015-09-28

    We introduce a new approach for proving localization (pure point spectrum with exponentially decaying eigenfunctions, dynamical localization) for the Anderson model at high disorder. In contrast to the usual strategy, we do not study finite volume Green's functions. Instead, we perform a multiscale analysis based on finite volume eigensystems (eigenvalues and eigenfunctions). Information about eigensystems at a given scale is used to derive information about eigensystems at larger scales. This eigensystem multiscale analysis treats all energies of the finite volume operator at the same time, establishing level spacing and localization of eigenfunctions in a fixed box with high probability. A new feature is the labeling of the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions by the sites of the box.

  6. Holographic Trace Anomaly and Local Renormalization Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Srivatsan; Zhu, Yechao

    2015-01-01

    The Hamilton-Jacobi method in holography has produced important results both at a renormalization group (RG) fixed point and away from it. In this paper we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to compute the holographic trace anomaly for four- and six-dimensional boundary conformal field theories (CFTs), assuming higher-derivative gravity and interactions of scalar fields in the bulk. The scalar field contributions to the anomaly appear in CFTs with exactly marginal operators. Moving away from the fixed point, we show that the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism provides a deep connection between the holographic and the local RG. We derive the local RG equation holographically, and verify explicitly that it satisfies Weyl consistency conditions stemming from the commutativity of Weyl scalings. We also consider massive scalar fields in the bulk corresponding to boundary relevant operators, and comment on their effects to the local RG equation.

  7. Holographic Trace Anomaly and Local Renormalization Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivatsan Rajagopal; Andreas Stergiou; Yechao Zhu

    2015-08-19

    The Hamilton-Jacobi method in holography has produced important results both at a renormalization group (RG) fixed point and away from it. In this paper we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to compute the holographic trace anomaly for four- and six-dimensional boundary conformal field theories (CFTs), assuming higher-derivative gravity and interactions of scalar fields in the bulk. The scalar field contributions to the anomaly appear in CFTs with exactly marginal operators. Moving away from the fixed point, we show that the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism provides a deep connection between the holographic and the local RG. We derive the local RG equation holographically, and verify explicitly that it satisfies Weyl consistency conditions stemming from the commutativity of Weyl scalings. We also consider massive scalar fields in the bulk corresponding to boundary relevant operators, and comment on their effects to the local RG equation.

  8. Stabilization of the Vertical Mode in Tokamaks by Localized Nonaxisymm...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Mode in Tokamaks by Localized Nonaxisymmetric Fields Vertical instability of a tokamak plasma can be controlled by nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields localized near the plasma...

  9. Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak edge plasmas with an embedded magnetic island Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Spatial localization of...

  10. Automating approximate Bayesian computation by local linear regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Kevin R

    2009-01-01

    computation by local linear regression Kevin R Thorntonof ABC based on using a linear regression to approximate theimplements the local linear-regression approach to ABC. The

  11. Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Breakout Session 3D-Building...

  12. State and Local Energy Assurance Planning | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and local governments on energy assurance issues. The office develops products and tools to inform and educate State and local officials to support their energy emergency...

  13. How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of Permitting and Local Regulatory Processes on PV Prices in the United States How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact...

  14. Measuring Up: How to Track and Evaluate Local Sustainability Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Join this EPA Local Climate and Energy webinar to learn how to measure and evaluate the results of local climate, energy, and sustainability projects.

  15. Phonon localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric April 11, 2014 This inelastic neutron scattering spectrum shows the localizing modes (LMs) between the transverse optic...

  16. Obama Administration Announces Additional $13,969,700 for Local...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Alaska Obama Administration Announces Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Alaska...

  17. Energy Department Awards $5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Awards 5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy Savings Energy Department Awards 5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy Savings October 14, 2014...

  18. Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...

  19. Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...

  20. Treatment of Locally Advanced Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Treatment of Locally Advanced Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Trachea With Neutron Radiotherapy Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Treatment of Locally Advanced Adenoid...

  1. Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Guide for Local Governments (Book), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments (Book), Energy Efficiency &...

  2. Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer: Three-Dimensional Magnetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer: Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy to Monitor Prostate Response to Therapy Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Locally...

  3. Obama Administration Announces Additional $11,072,300 for Local...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1,072,300 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Delaware Obama Administration Announces Additional 11,072,300 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Delaware March 26,...

  4. Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: alocally...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

  5. State and Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review...

  6. State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Local Code Implementation: Southeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Green Codes and...

  7. How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Matter? Exploring the Impact of Permitting and Local Regulatory Processes on PV Prices in the United States How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...

  8. Local content of bipartite qubit correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branciard, Cyril; Gisin, Nicolas [Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Scarani, Valerio [Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 117543 Singapore (Singapore)

    2010-02-15

    One of the last open problems concerning two qubits in a pure state is to find the exact local content of their correlation, in the sense of Elitzur, Popescu, and Rohrlich (EPR2) [A. C. Elitzur, S. Popescu, and D. Rohrlich, Phys. Lett. A162, 25 (1992)]. We propose an EPR2 decomposition that allows us to prove, for a wide range of states |{psi}({theta})>=cos{theta}|00>+sin{theta}|11>, that their local content is p{sub L}({theta})=cos2{theta}. We also share reflections on how to possibly extend this result to all two-qubit pure states.

  9. Localized quantum walks as secured quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. M. Chandrashekar; Th. Busch

    2015-04-21

    We show that a quantum walk process can be used to construct and secure quantum memory. More precisely, we show that a localized quantum walk with temporal disorder can be engineered to store the information of a single, unknown qubit on a compact position space and faithfully recover it on demand. Since the localization occurss with a finite spread in position space, the stored information of the qubit will be naturally secured from the simple eavesdropper. Our protocol can be adopted to any quantum system for which experimental control over quantum walk dynamics can be achieved.

  10. Graphene Nanoribbon in Sharply Localized Magnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdulaziz D. Alhaidari; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal

    2013-03-20

    We study the effect of a sharply localized magnetic field on the electron transport in a strip (ribbon) of graphene sheet, which allows to give results for the transmission and reflection probability through magnetic barriers. The magnetic field is taken as a single and double delta type localized functions, which are treated later as the zero width limit of gaussian fields. For both field configurations, we evaluate analytically and numerically their transmission and reflection coefficients. The possibility of spacial confinement due to the inhomogeneous field configuration is also investigated.

  11. How paper folds: bending with local constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jemal Guven; Martin Michael Mueller

    2007-12-06

    A variational framework is introduced to describe how a surface bends when it is subject to local constraints on its geometry. This framework is applied to describe the patterns of a folded sheet of paper. The unstretchability of paper implies a constraint on the surface metric; bending is penalized by an energy quadratic in mean curvature. The local Lagrange multipliers enforcing the constraint are identified with a conserved tangential stress that couples to the extrinsic curvature of the sheet. The framework is illustrated by examining the deformation of a flat sheet into a generalized cone.

  12. On Locality in Distributed Storage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rawat, Ankit Singh

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the design of codes for distributed storage systems (DSS) that enable local repair in the event of node failure. This paper presents locally repairable codes based on low degree multivariate polynomials. Its code construction mechanism extends work on Noisy Interpolating Set by Dvir et al. \\cite{dvir2011}. The paper presents two classes of codes that allow node repair to be performed by contacting 2 and 3 surviving nodes respectively. It further shows that both classes are good in terms of their rate and minimum distance, and allow their rate to be bartered for greater flexibility in the repair process.

  13. Cellular Automata with Symmetric Local Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir V. Kornyak

    2006-09-18

    The cellular automata with local permutation invariance are considered. We show that in the two-state case the set of such automata coincides with the generalized Game of Life family. We count the number of equivalence classes of the rules under consideration with respect to permutations of states. This reduced number of rules can be efficiently generated in many practical cases by our C program. Since a cellular automaton is a combination of a local rule and a lattice, we consider also maximally symmetric two-dimensional lattices. In addition, we present the results of compatibility analysis of several rules from the Life family.

  14. An emerging architecture of local experimentalist governance in China : a study of local innovations in Baoding, 1992-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Kyoung Mun

    2014-01-01

    What are the conditions under which local actors are more likely to carry out policy innovations that produce environmental or social benefits in local China? Previous studies on "Chinese experimentalism" suggest that local ...

  15. Version 1.2 January 10, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    and measures of Surplus and Leakage the relative strengths, and weaknesses, of local retail and service markets methods to analyze local retail and service markets, see the UW-Extension program entitled "Downtown of this functional research project is to apply the tools of Trade Area Analysis (TAA) to retail and service sales

  16. State Tax Implications of Marcellus Shale: What the Pennsylvania Data Say in 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    markets, it may similarly affect realty transfer tax collections. It still is very early in the devel are a marker of the level of retail activity occurring within a county. Higher local retail sales mean more state sales tax collections, while declining local retail sales mean lower collections (though changes

  17. University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    the relative strengths, and weaknesses, of local retail and service markets are identified. Introduction 1 to enhance local retail and service sales will be most interested in the performance of the markets within is to apply the tools of Trade Area Analysis (TAA) to retail and service sales data for Wisconsin counties

  18. University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    of Surplus and Leakage the relative strengths, and weaknesses, of local retail and service markets and declining sectors. Finally, an update of simple Wisconsin retail market thresholds estimates (i.e., number is exploring economic development options one area of interest is local retail and service markets. Communities

  19. Proton Hexality in Local Grand Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Forste; Hans Peter Nilles; Saul Ramos-Sanchez; Patrick K. S. Vaudrevange

    2010-09-03

    Proton hexality is a discrete symmetry that avoids the problem of too fast proton decay in the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. Unfortunately it is inconsistent with conventional grand unification. We show that proton hexality can be incorporated in the scheme of "Local Grand Unification" discussed in the framework of model building in (heterotic) string theory.

  20. May 21, 2014 Local Agency Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting low Improvements Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting;Project Overview 2013-2014Local Agency Data Collection 5 · Tested traffic sensors in a low

  1. Federal, State, and Local Water Quality Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    Federal, State, and Local Water Quality Control An Assessment of the Current Laws Affecting 303(d), a TMDL is required to be implemented for any water body in which technology-based controls and non-point sources of pollution. In many situations, this method of water quality control is important

  2. Nanodiamond Collective Electron States and their Localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivan A. Denisov; Andrey A. Zimin; Leslie A. Bursill; Peter I. Belobrov

    2013-07-24

    The existence and localization of collective electron states for nanodiamond particles were studied both by solving a one-particle one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation in the Kronig-Penney potential and by ab initio computations of ground state wavefunctions of diamondoids C78H64, C123H100 and C211H140 at the DFT R-B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. Three distinct classes of collective electron states have been found: collective bonding orbitals resembling the morphology of 3D-modulated particle in a box solutions; surface-localized non-bonding conductive Tamm states and subsurface-localized bonding states for non-uniformly compressed nanodiamond. Quantum-mechanical analysis shows that collective unpaired electrons are intrinsic to nanodiamond. Their subsurface localization is described in terms of surface compression arising from a self-consistency condition of the electron-nuclear wavefunction. Intrinsic spin existence is supposed to result from the collective and spread nature of subsurface orbitals, allowing spin-density fluctuation effects to become significant on this length scale. Suggested model allows to explain free spins of nanodiamond exhibited in experiments.

  3. Nanodiamond Collective Electron States and its Localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denisov, Ivan A; Bursill, Leslie A; Belobrov, Peter I

    2013-01-01

    Existence and localization of collective electron states in nanodiamond particles were studied both by solving one-particle one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation in Kronig-Penney potential and by ab initio computations of ground state wavefunctions of diamondoids C78H64, C123H100 and C211H140 at the DFT R-B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. Three distinct classes of collective electron states have been found: bonding orbitals resembling morphology of 3D-modulated particle in a box solutions; surface-localized non-bonding conductive Tamm states and subsurface-localized bonding states for non-uniformly compressed nanodiamond. Quantum-mechanical analysis shows that collective spin states are intrinsic to nanodiamond. Their subsurface localization is described in terms of surface compression arising form self-consistency condition of electron-nuclear wavefunction. Intrinsic spin existence is supposed to result from collective nature of spread subsurface orbitals, allowing spin-density fluctuation effect to become ...

  4. UNIVERSALITIES: FROM ANDERSON LOCALIZATION TO QUANTUM CHAOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Ben

    COURSE 1 UNIVERSALITIES: FROM ANDERSON LOCALIZATION TO QUANTUM CHAOS BORIS L. ALTSHULER AND B. D, and Quantum Chaos 73 8.1. Quantum Billiards 74 8.2. Numerics 75 8.3. Hard and Soft Chaos 77 8.4. Periodic

  5. p-ADIC ARAKELOV THEORY: LOCAL THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    involving "Coleman analysis" on the completions above p. In this part of the paper we only deal. The goal of the local theory is to describe an exten* *sion of this pairing, by giving a Green function G (1.1) niPi, mjQj = nimjG(Pi, Qj) To isolate a canonical as possible Green

  6. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA water managers can adapt by changing water supply portfolios and operations. An engineering economic A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC

  7. Dynamical Localization in the Paul Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. El Ghafar; P. Torma; V. Savichev; E. Mayr; A. Zeiler; W. P. Schleich

    1996-12-18

    We show that quantum localization occurs in the center-of-mass motion of an ion stored in a Paul trap and interacting with a standing laser field. The present experimental state of the art makes the observation of this phenomenon feasible.

  8. Dynamical Localization in the Paul Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafar, M E; Savichev, V; Mayr, E; Zeiler, A; Schleich, W P

    1997-01-01

    We show that quantum localization occurs in the center-of-mass motion of an ion stored in a Paul trap and interacting with a standing laser field. The present experimental state of the art makes the observation of this phenomenon feasible.

  9. HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCluskey, Matthew

    HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS M.D. MCCLUSKEY* University) spectroscopy of hydrogen and deuterium in GaP, AlSb, ZnSe, and GaN has provided important information about the structures of dopant- hydrogen complexes and their interaction with the host lattice. In GaN:Mg, for example

  10. Global and local properties of asynchronous circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global and local properties of asynchronous circuits optimized for energy efficiency Paul I. P optimized for E \\Theta t n , the relationship between energy consumption and com­ putation delay energy consumption a major concern in VLSI design. As a consequence, energy efficiency is becoming

  11. Improvements of the local bosonic algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jegerlehner

    1996-12-15

    We report on several improvements of the local bosonic algorithm proposed by M. Luescher. We find that preconditioning and over-relaxation works very well. A detailed comparison between the bosonic and the Kramers-algorithms shows comparable performance for the physical situation examined.

  12. Local gravitational physics of the Hubble expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Kopeikin

    2015-01-21

    We study physical consequences of the Hubble expansion of FLRW manifold on measurement of space, time and light propagation in the local inertial frame. We analyse the solar system radar ranging and Doppler tracking experiments, and time synchronization. FLRW manifold is covered by global coordinates (t,y^i), where t is the cosmic time coinciding with the proper time of the Hubble observers. We introduce local inertial coordinates x^a=(x^0,x^i) in the vicinity of a world line of a Hubble observer with the help of a special conformal transformation. The local inertial metric is Minkowski flat and is materialized by the congruence of time-like geodesics of static observers being at rest with respect to the local spatial coordinates x^i. We consider geodesic motion of test particles and notice that the local coordinate time x^0=x^0(t) taken as a parameter along the world line of particle, is a function of the Hubble's observer time t. This function changes smoothly from x^0=t for a particle at rest (observer's clock), to x^0=t+1/2 Ht^2 for photons, where H is the Hubble constant. Thus, motion of a test particle is non-uniform when its world line is parametrized by time t. NASA JPL Orbit Determination Program presumes that motion of light (after the Shapiro delay is excluded) is uniform with respect to the time t but it does not comply with the non-uniform motion of light on cosmological manifold. For this reason, the motion of light in the solar system analysed with the Orbit Determination Program appears as having a systematic blue shift of frequency, of radio waves circulating in the Earth-spacecraft radio link. The magnitude of the anomalous blue shift of frequency is proportional to the Hubble constant H that may open an access to the measurement of this fundamental cosmological parameter in the solar system radiowave experiments.

  13. LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR SPENCER BLOCH AND H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloch, Spencer

    LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D-MODULES SPENCER BLOCH AND H #19; EL #18; ENE ESNAULT To Armand Borel, in memoriam Abstract. Local Fourier transforms, analogous to the `-adic local Fourier if a certain in#12;nitesimal rigidity condition is satis#12;ed. As in [12], the argument uses local Fourier

  14. Local Regression with Meaningful Parameters Rafael A. Irizarry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irizarry, Rafael A.

    Local Regression with Meaningful Parameters Rafael A. Irizarry Abstract Local regression or loess squares. In this paper we will present a version of local regression that fits more general parametric, and financial data are included. KEY WORDS: Local Regression, Harmonic Model, Meaningful Parameters, Sound

  15. THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN INTEGRAL ON LOCALLY COMPACT SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edalat, Abbas

    THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN INTEGRAL ON LOCALLY COMPACT SPACES Abbas Edalat Sara Negri Department on the theory of the generalized Riemann integral to the setting of bounded or locally nite measures on locally is the given locally nite measure. The generalized Riemann integral is de ned for bounded functions

  16. Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

    Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks Kiran Yedavalli, Bhaskar and Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA We introduce the problem of fast and fair localization of mobile units and fairness of localization and investigate a heuristic algorithm for fast and fair localization. Simulation

  17. Local computation of angular velocity in rotational visual motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    Local computation of angular velocity in rotational visual motion Jose´ F. Barraza and Norberto M discrimination of angular velocity is local. Local discrimination of angular velocity requires an accurate of rotation result in a predictable systematic error when one is estimating local angular velocity. Our

  18. SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keniston, Kenneth

    SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston Kenneth Keniston is Andrew localization is to be understood. Introduction "Cultural localization" is the process whereby software written localized software is indistinguishable from software written by a member of that culture." Cultural

  19. Local rollback for fault-tolerance in parallel computing systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blumrich, Matthias A. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Chen, Dong (Yorktown Heights, NY); Gara, Alan (Yorktown Heights, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Yorktown Heights, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Yorktown Heights, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard (Boeblingen, DE); Sugavanam, Krishnan (Yorktown Heights, NY)

    2012-01-24

    A control logic device performs a local rollback in a parallel super computing system. The super computing system includes at least one cache memory device. The control logic device determines a local rollback interval. The control logic device runs at least one instruction in the local rollback interval. The control logic device evaluates whether an unrecoverable condition occurs while running the at least one instruction during the local rollback interval. The control logic device checks whether an error occurs during the local rollback. The control logic device restarts the local rollback interval if the error occurs and the unrecoverable condition does not occur during the local rollback interval.

  20. The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    More than 300 lighting leaders from across the continent gathered in Philadelphia July 20–22, 2010, for the fifth annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Market Introduction Workshop, hosted by DOE. The audience was diverse, spanning the spectrum from industry, to government, to efficiency organizations, to utilities, to municipalities, to designers and specifiers, to retailers and distributors. The purpose was to share the latest insights, updates, and strategies for the successful market introduction of high-quality solid-state lighting products.

  1. The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than 275 lighting leaders from across North America gathered in Seattle July 12–14, 2011, for the sixth annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Market Introduction Workshop, hosted by DOE. The diverse audience spanned the spectrum from industry, to government, to efficiency organizations, to utilities, to municipalities, to designers and specifiers, to retailers and distributors. The purpose was to share the latest insights, updates, and strategies for the successful market introduction of high-quality solid-state lighting products.

  2. The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 200 lighting leaders from across North America gathered in Pittsburgh July 17–19, 2012, for the seventh annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Market Introduction Workshop, hosted by DOE. The diverse audience spanned the spectrum: industry, government, efficiency organizations, utilities, municipalities, designers, specifiers, retailers, and distributors. The purpose was to share the latest insights, updates, and strategies for the successful market introduction of high-quality solid-state lighting products.

  3. DOE and MEEA Host Fourth Annual SSL Market Introduction Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than 300 lighting industry leaders gathered in Chicago July 13–15, 2009, for the fourth annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Market Introduction Workshop, hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA). This annual workshop provides a focal point for government, industry, energy efficiency organizations, utilities, municipalities, designers, specifiers, retailers, distributors, and others to share updates and insights on the successful market introduction of high-quality, energy-efficient SSL solutions.

  4. The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    More than 200 lighting leaders from across North America gathered in Portland, OR, November 12–14, 2013, for the eighth annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Market Introduction Workshop, hosted by DOE. The diverse audience spanned the spectrum: industry, government, efficiency organizations, utilities, municipalities, designers, specifiers, retailers, and distributors. The purpose was to share the latest insights, updates, and strategies for the successful market introduction of high-quality solid-state lighting products.

  5. Dark energy domination in the local flow of giant galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chernin, A D; Karachentsev, I D

    2015-01-01

    A dozen most luminous galaxies at distances up to 10 Mpc from the Local Group are moving away from the group forming the local expansion flow of giants. We use recent Hubble Space Telescope data on the local giants and their numerous fainter companions to study the dynamical structure and evolutionary trends of the flow. It is demonstrated that the dynamics of the flow is dominated by local dark energy. Keywords: Galaxies, groups and clusters of galaxies; local flows of galaxies; dark energy.

  6. Local Response to Global Climate Change: The Role of Local Development Plans in Climate Change Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grover, Himanshu

    2011-10-21

    change management issues in local policy making have remained a research rhetoric and have not yet translated into planning action. This gap between planning research and practice is probably due to lack of evidence based research on this issue...

  7. Higher rank stable pairs and virtual localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artan Sheshmani

    2015-02-08

    We introduce a higher rank analog of the Pandharipande-Thomas theory of stable pairs on a Calabi-Yau threefold $X$. More precisely, we develop a moduli theory for frozen triples given by the data $O^r(-n)\\rightarrow F$ where $F$ is a sheaf of pure dimension 1. The moduli space of such objects does not naturally determine an enumerative theory: that is, it does not naturally possess a perfect symmetric obstruction theory. Instead, we build a zero-dimensional virtual fundamental class by hand, by truncating a deformation-obstruction theory coming from the moduli of objects in the derived category of $X$. This yields the first deformation-theoretic construction of a higher-rank enumerative theory for Calabi-Yau threefolds. We calculate this enumerative theory for local $\\mathbb{P}^1$ using the Graber-Pandharipande virtual localization technique.

  8. Measurement theory in local quantum physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazuya Okamura; Masanao Ozawa

    2015-04-24

    In this paper, we aim at establishing measurement theory in local quantum physics. For this purpose, we discuss a representation theory of completely positive (CP) instruments. We introduce a condition called the normal extension property (NEP) and establish a one-to-one correspondence between CP instruments with NEP and statistical equivalence classes of measuring processes. We further explore a class of CP instruments having measuring processes approximately by the notion of injectivity of von Neumann algebras. The existence problem of a family of a posteriori states is discussed and it is shown that NEP is equivalent to the existence of a strongly measurable family of a posteriori states for every normal state. Moreover, two examples of CP instruments without NEP are given. To conclude the paper, local measurements in algebraic quantum field theory are developed.

  9. Quantum Loops in Non-Local Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talaganis, Spyridon

    2015-01-01

    In this proceedings, I will consider quantum aspects of a non-local, infinite-derivative scalar field theory - a ${\\it toy \\, model}$ depiction of a covariant infinite-derivative, non-local extension of Einstein's general relativity which has previously been shown to be free from ghosts around the Minkowski background. The graviton propagator in this theory gets an exponential suppression making it ${\\it asymptotically \\, free}$, thus providing strong prospects of resolving various classical and quantum divergences. In particular, I will find that at $1$-loop, the $2$-point function is still divergent, but once this amplitude is renormalized by adding appropriate counter terms, the ultraviolet (UV) behavior of all other $1$-loop diagrams as well as the $2$-loop, $2$-point function remains well under control. I will go on to discuss how one may be able to generalize our computations and arguments to arbitrary loops.

  10. MUSIC for localization of thunderstorm cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosher, J.C.; Lewis, P.S.; Rynne, T.M.

    1993-12-31

    Lightning represents an event detectable optically, electrically, and acoustically, and several systems are already in place to monitor such activity. Unfortunately, such detection of lightning can occur too late, since operations need to be protected in advance of the first lightning strike. Additionally, the bolt itself can traverse several kilometers before striking the ground, leaving a large region of uncertainty as to the center of the storm and its possible strike regions. NASA Kennedy Space Center has in place an array of electric field mills that monitor the (effectively) DC electric field. Prior to the first lightning strike, the surface electric fields rise as the storm generator within a thundercloud begins charging. Extending methods we developed for an analogous source localization problem in mangnetoencephalography, we present Cramer-Rao lower bounds and MUSIC scans for fitting a point-charge source model to the electric field mill data. Such techniques can allow for the identification and localization of charge centers in cloud structures.

  11. Efficient Local Unfolding with Ancestor Stacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puebla, G; Hermenegildo, M

    2009-01-01

    The most successful unfolding rules used nowadays in the partial evaluation of logic programs are based on well quasi orders (wqo) applied over (covering) ancestors, i.e., a subsequence of the atoms selected during a derivation. Ancestor (sub)sequences are used to increase the specialization power of unfolding while still guaranteeing termination and also to reduce the number of atoms for which the wqo has to be checked. Unfortunately, maintaining the structure of the ancestor relation during unfolding introduces significant overhead. We propose an efficient, practical local unfolding rule based on the notion of covering ancestors which can be used in combination with a wqo and allows a stack-based implementation without losing any opportunities for specialization. Using our technique, certain non-leftmost unfoldings are allowed as long as local unfolding is performed, i.e., we cover depth-first strategies.

  12. Localized Surface Plasmons in Vibrating Graphene Nanodisks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Weihua; Mortensen, N Asger; Christensen, Johan

    2015-01-01

    Localized surface plasmons are confined collective oscillations of electrons in metallic nanoparticles. When driven by light, the optical response is dictated by geometrical parameters and the dielectric environment and plasmons are therefore extremely important for sensing applications. Plasmons in graphene disks have the additional benefit to be highly tunable via electrical stimulation. Mechanical vibrations create structural deformations in ways where the excitation of localized surface plasmons can be strongly modulated. We show that the spectral shift in such a scenario is determined by a complex interplay between the symmetry and shape of the modal vibrations and the plasmonic mode pattern. Tuning confined modes of light in graphene via acoustic excitations, paves new avenues in shaping the sensitivity of plasmonic detectors, and in the enhancement of the interaction with optical emitters, such as molecules, for future nanophotonic devices.

  13. Local structure of Liquid-Vapour Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maia Godonoga; Alex Malins; Jens Eggers; C. Patrick Royall

    2011-02-15

    The structure of a simple liquid may be characterised in terms of ground state clusters of small numbers of atoms of that same liquid. Here we use this sensitive structural probe to consider the effect of a liquid-vapour interface upon the liquid structure. At higher temperatures (above around half the critical temperature) we find that the predominant effect of the interface is to reduce the local density, which significantly suppresses the local cluster populations. At lower temperatures, however, pronounced interfacial layering is found. This appears to be connected with significant orientational ordering of clusters based on 3- and 5-membered rings, with the rings aligning perpendicular and parallel to the interface respectively. At all temperatures, we find that the population of five-fold symmetric structures is suppressed, rather than enhanced, close to the interface.

  14. Localization of intermediate-term earthquake prediction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kossobokov, V.G.; Keilis-Borok, V.I. (International Inst. of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Moscow (USSR)); Smith, S.W. (Univ. of Washington, Seattle (USA))

    1990-11-10

    Relative seismic quiescence within a region which has already been diagnosed as having entered a Time of Increased Probability (TIP) for the occurrence of a strong earthquake can be used to refine the locality in which the earthquake may be expected to occur. A simple algorithm with parameters fitted from the data in Northern California preceding the 1980 magnitude 7.0 earthquake offshore from Eureka depicts relative quiescence within the region of a TIP. The procedure was tested, without readaptation of parameter, on 17 other strong earthquake occurrences in North America, Japan, and Eurasia, most of which were in regions for which a TIP had been previously diagnosed. The localizing algorithm successfully outlined a region within which the subsequent earthquake occurred for 16 of these 17 strong earthquakes. The area of prediction in each case was reduced significantly, ranging between 7% and 25% of the total area covered by the TIP.

  15. Local wellposedness of Chern-Simons-Schrödinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baoping Liu; Paul Smith; Daniel Tataru

    2012-12-06

    In this article we consider the initial value problem for the Chern-Simons-Schrodinger model in two space dimensions. This is a covariant NLS type problem which is L^2 critical. For this equation we introduce a so-called heat gauge, and prove that, with respect to this gauge, the problem is locally well-posed for initial data which is small in H^s, s > 0.

  16. Segmented Nanowires Displaying Locally Controllable Properties

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2011-04-22

    The electrical, chemical, mechanical, and optical properties of nanostructures depend on their physical dimensions and chemical compositions. Current methods of forming nanowires rely on knowing the average values for these parameters. As a result, there is poor control over local properties of the nanowires, which may vary from spot to spot in an uncontrolled fashion. By using knowledge of the size-dependent phase diagram, the inventors have developed methods of controlling the properties...

  17. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  18. Ultrashort pulse propagation and the Anderson localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvia Gentilini; Andrea Fratalocchi; Luca Angelani; Giancarlo Ruocco; Claudio Conti

    2008-10-09

    We investigate the dynamics of a 10 fs light pulse propagating in a random medium by the direct solution of the 3D Maxwell equations. Our approach employs molecular dynamics to generate a distribution of spherical scatterers and a parallel finite-difference time-domain code for the vectorial wave propagation. We calculate the disorder-averaged energy velocity and the decay time of the transmitted pulse Versus the localization length for an increasing refractive index.

  19. Stability of local quantum dissipative systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cubitt, Toby S.; Lucia, Angelo; Michalakis, Spyridon; Perez-Garcia, David

    2015-04-07

    in the engineered Liouvillian itself. Once again, stability against local perturbations – this time for many-body Liouvillians rather than Hamiltonians – is of crucial importance. Indeed, in [53] the authors consider depolarizing noise acting on top of a dissipative... the canonical basis for Hx. Scalar product in Hx will be denoted by ??|??, and rank-one linear maps by |????|. For each finite subset ? ? ? , the associated Hilbert space is given by H? = ? x?? Hx, (1) and the algebra of observables supported on ? is defined...

  20. Complexity Classification of Local Hamiltonian Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cubitt, Toby; Montanaro, Ashley

    2015-06-02

    constraint satisfaction problems. Index Terms—Hamiltonian complexity; QMA-completeness. I. INTRODUCTION Constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) are ubiquitous in computer science and have been intensively studied since the early days of complexity theory. A... Complexity classification of local Hamiltonian problems Toby Cubitt Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. tsc25@cam.ac.uk Ashley Montanaro Department of Computer Science, University...