Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLivingplasmaLocal
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the Complex and PowerfulJosephCenterCenter (LMI-EFRC)Living aLocal STAR
Stapp, Henry
2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a ‘consistent quantum theory’ (CQT) that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues, on the basis of his examination of certain arguments that claim to demonstrate the existence of such nonlocal influences, that such influences do not exist. However, his examination was restricted mainly to hidden-variable-based arguments that include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by attributing to the system properties alien to that system. Hence Griffiths’ rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence for nonlocal influences. But he did not examine the particular proof that he cites. An examination of that particular proof by the method specified by his ‘consistent quantum theory’ shows that the cited proof is valid within that restrictive framework. This necessary existence, within the ‘consistent’ framework, of long range essentially instantaneous influences refutes the claim made by Griffiths that his ‘consistent’ framework is superior to the orthodox quantum theory of von Neumann because it does not entail instantaneous influences. An added section responds to Griffiths’ reply, which cites a litany of ambiguities that seem to restrict, devastatingly, the scope of his CQT formalism, apparently to buttress his claim that my use of that formalism to validate the nonlocality theorem is flawed. But the vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.
Local regulation of immigration
Appleby, Clare A.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Kristina M. 2007. “Local Illegal Immigration Relief ActPennsylvania. 2006. “Illegal Alien Immigration Relief Act. ”The Bill of Rights Protects Illegal Aliens” In Immigration
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
To help you make energy efficiency improvements in your commercial building, your state and/or local community might offer incentives or have special programs.
Local Regression and Likelihood
Masci, Frank
Local Regression and Likelihood Clive Loader Springer #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Preface This book, and the associated software, have grown out of the author's work in the field of local regression over the past- ods and in particular regression, for example at the level of Draper and Smith (1981). The theoretical
Quigley, John M.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1959. The Theory of Public Finance. New York: McGraw-Hill.T. 2003. School finance, spatial income segregation, and theJohn M. "local public finance." The New Palgrave Dictionary
Local entropy generation analysis
Drost, M.K.; White, M.D.
1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Second law analysis techniques have been widely used to evaluate the sources of irreversibility in components and systems of components but the evaluation of local sources of irreversibility in thermal processes has received little attention. While analytical procedures for evaluating local entropy generation have been developed, applications have been limited to fluid flows with analytical solutions for the velocity and temperature fields. The analysis of local entropy generation can be used to evaluate more complicated flows by including entropy generation calculations in a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. The research documented in this report consists of incorporating local entropy generation calculations in an existing CFD code and then using the code to evaluate the distribution of thermodynamic losses in two applications: an impinging jet and a magnetic heat pump. 22 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.
Supersymmetry and localization
Albert Schwarz; Oleg Zaboronsky
1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study conditions under which an odd symmetry of the integrand leads to localization of the corresponding integral over a (super)manifold. We also show that in many cases these conditions guarantee exactness of the stationary phase approximation of such integrals.
Radcliffe, David
their jurisdictions' green building programs. #12;1LEED Building Ordinances for Local Governments LEED Building are increasingly common. Most of these ordinances adopt the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Rating System, promulgated by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). The LEED rating system sets
Chiao, Jung-Chih
Home· Local Blog· Get Listed· Popular Listings· More Directories· Advertise Here· Home » Arlington ... | directoryofarlingt... 1/9/2011http://www.directoryofarlington.com/blog/2011/01/ut ... | directoryofarlingt... 1/9/2011http://www.directoryofarlington.com/blog/2011/01/ut
Local Safety Committee Engineering
Saskatchewan, University of
Minutes Local Safety Committee Name of Committee Engineering Worksite Mailing Address & Postal Code. Ventilation fume hoods V. Bendig and FMD report that an uninterrupted power supply will be attached to the ventilation control panel the week of Dec. 9. Action: T. Zintel and L. Harder will conduct a test the first
Local microwave background radiation
Domingos Soares
2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.
NEW DIRECTIONS IN LOCAL HISTORY
Banaji,. Murad
NEW DIRECTIONS IN LOCAL HISTORY SINCE HOSKINS Edited by Christopher Dyer, Andrew Hopper, Evelyn Lord and Nigel Tringham New Directions in Local History since Hoskins Local history in Britain can of the publication of his Local History in England which was designed to help people researching the history
Commercial % Sold by Local Distribution Companies
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies Residential Price - Marketers Residential % Sold by Local Distribution Companies Average Commercial Price Commercial Price - Local...
Redfield, S
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general interstellar phenomena in great detail and in three dimensions. In particular, high resolution optical and ultraviolet spectroscopy have proven to be powerful tools for addressing fundamental questions concerning the physical conditions and three-dimensional (3D) morphology of this local material. After reviewing our current understanding of the structure of gas in the solar neighborhood, I will discuss the influence that the LISM can have on stellar and planetary systems, including LISM dust deposition onto planetary atmospheres and the modulation of galactic cosmic rays through the astrosphere - the balancing interface between the outward pressure of the magnetized stellar wind and the inward pressure of the surrounding interstellar medium. On Earth, galactic cosmic rays may play a role as contributors to ozone layer chemistry, planetary electrical discharge frequency, biological mutation rates, and cl...
Monotonic Local Decay Estimates
Avy Soffer
2011-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
For the Hamiltonian operator H = -{\\Delta}+V(x) of the Schr\\"odinger Equation with a repulsive potential, the problem of local decay is considered. It is analyzed by a direct method, based on a new, L^2 bounded, propagation observable. The resulting decay estimate, is in certain cases monotonic in time, with no "Quantum Corrections". This method is then applied to some examples in one and higher dimensions. In particular the case of the Wave Equation on a Schwarzschild manifold is redone: Local decay, stronger than the known ones are proved (minimal loss of angular derivatives and lower order of radial derivatives of initial data). The method developed here can be an alternative in some cases to the Morawetz type estimates, with L^2-multipliers replacing the first order operators. It provides an alternative to Mourre's method, by including thresholds and high energies.
Local Field Topology behind Light Localization and Metamaterial Topological Transitions
Tong, Jonathan K.
We revisit the mechanisms governing the sub-wavelength spatial localization of light in surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes by investigating both local and global features in optical powerflow at SPP frequencies. Close ...
Medial Axis Local Planner: Local Planning for Medial Axis Roadmaps
Manavi, Kasra Mehron
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
implemented this local planner and have tested it in 2D and 3D rigid body and 8D and 16D fixed base articulated linkage environments. We compare MALP with a straight-line local planner (SL), a typical local planer used in motion planning that interpolated...
Medial Axis Local Planner: Local Planning for Medial Axis Roadmaps
Manavi, Kasra Mehron
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
implemented this local planner and have tested it in 2D and 3 D rigid body and 8D and 16D fixed base articulated linkage environments. We compare MALP with a straight-line local planner (SL), a typical local planer used in motion planning that interpolated...
Visiting Fermilab - Local Accommodations
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 |and Terry M.38ofVentureVideos CooleyVisiting Fermilab Local
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the Complex and PowerfulJosephCenterCenter (LMI-EFRC)Living aLocal STAR Libraries
Golden - Local Information | NREL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt DocumentationSitesWeather6Environmental1 |MAgnEtProjectsÂ»GettingScratch GlobalGolden-Local
Bachani, Vandana
2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of finding topic experts on social networking sites has been a continued topic of research. This thesis addresses the problem of identifying local experts in social media systems like Twitter. Local experts are experts with a topical...
Bayesian locally weighted online learning
Edakunni, Narayanan U.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Locally weighted regression is a non-parametric technique of regression that is capable of coping with non-stationarity of the input distribution. Online algorithms like Receptive FieldWeighted Regression and Locally ...
Local Water Quality Districts (Montana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This statute provides for the creation of local water quality districts to prevent and mitigate ground and surface water contamination. Each local water quality district may develop and implement a...
Seth Redfield
2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general interstellar phenomena in great detail and in three dimensions. In particular, high resolution optical and ultraviolet spectroscopy have proven to be powerful tools for addressing fundamental questions concerning the physical conditions and three-dimensional (3D) morphology of this local material. After reviewing our current understanding of the structure of gas in the solar neighborhood, I will discuss the influence that the LISM can have on stellar and planetary systems, including LISM dust deposition onto planetary atmospheres and the modulation of galactic cosmic rays through the astrosphere - the balancing interface between the outward pressure of the magnetized stellar wind and the inward pressure of the surrounding interstellar medium. On Earth, galactic cosmic rays may play a role as contributors to ozone layer chemistry, planetary electrical discharge frequency, biological mutation rates, and climate. Since the LISM shares the same volume as practically all known extrasolar planets, the prototypical debris disks systems, and nearby low-mass star-formation sites, it will be important to understand the structures of the LISM and how they may influence planetary atmospheres.
Termination Detection of Local Computations
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Termination Detection of Local Computations Emmanuel Godard1 , Yves M´etivier2 and Gerard Tel3 1 is glob- ally finished. This paper investigates the problem of the detection of the termination of local computations. We define four types of termination detection: no detection, detection of the local termination
Uncertainty Principle Respects Locality
Dongsheng Wang
2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
The notion of nonlocality implicitly implies there might be some kind of spooky action at a distance in nature, however, the validity of quantum mechanics has been well tested up to now. In this work it is argued that the notion of nonlocality is physically improper, the basic principle of locality in nature is well respected by quantum mechanics, namely, the uncertainty principle. We show that the quantum bound on the Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt (CHSH) inequality can be recovered from the uncertainty relation in a multipartite setting. We further argue that the super-quantum correlation demonstrated by the nonlocal box is not physically comparable with the quantum one. The origin of the quantum structure of nature still remains to be explained, some post-quantum theory which is more complete in some sense than quantum mechanics is possible and might not necessarily be a hidden variable theory.
The Hidden Landscape of Localization
Filoche, Marcel
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Wave localization occurs in all types of vibrating systems, in acoustics, mechanics, optics, or quantum physics. It arises either in systems of irregular geometry (weak localization) or in disordered systems (Anderson localization). We present here a general theory that explains how the system geometry and the wave operator interplay to give rise to a "landscape" that splits the system into weakly coupled subregions, and how these regions shape the spatial distribution of the vibrational eigenmodes. This theory holds in any dimension, for any domain shape, and for all operators deriving from an energy form. It encompasses both weak and Anderson localizations in the same mathematical frame and shows, in particular, that Anderson localization can be understood as a special case of weak localization in a very rough landscape.
The Hidden Landscape of Localization
Marcel Filoche; Svitlana Mayboroda
2011-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
Wave localization occurs in all types of vibrating systems, in acoustics, mechanics, optics, or quantum physics. It arises either in systems of irregular geometry (weak localization) or in disordered systems (Anderson localization). We present here a general theory that explains how the system geometry and the wave operator interplay to give rise to a "landscape" that splits the system into weakly coupled subregions, and how these regions shape the spatial distribution of the vibrational eigenmodes. This theory holds in any dimension, for any domain shape, and for all operators deriving from an energy form. It encompasses both weak and Anderson localizations in the same mathematical frame and shows, in particular, that Anderson localization can be understood as a special case of weak localization in a very rough landscape.
Local Option- Clean Energy Financing
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money through their local government to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically...
Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally...
Local Termination: theory and practice
Endrullis, Joerg; Waldmann, Johannes
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The characterisation of termination using well-founded monotone algebras has been a milestone on the way to automated termination techniques, of which we have seen an extensive development over the past years. Both the semantic characterisation and most known termination methods are concerned with global termination, uniformly of all the terms of a term rewriting system (TRS). In this paper we consider local termination, of specific sets of terms within a given TRS. The principal goal of this paper is generalising the semantic characterisation of global termination to local termination. This is made possible by admitting the well-founded monotone algebras to be partial. We also extend our approach to local relative termination. The interest in local termination naturally arises in program verification, where one is probably interested only in sensible inputs, or just wants to characterise the set of inputs for which a program terminates. Local termination will be also be of interest when dealing with a specif...
Optimization of interbed distributors
Litchfield, J. [Brown and Root, Inc., Alhambra, CA (United States); Pedersen, M.; Sampath, V. [ARCO Products Co., Anaheim, CA (United States)
1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
ARCO Products Company and Brown and Root teamed up to develop trickle bed reactor internals for improved mixing and redistribution performance. Initial application was in a five-bed hydrocracking reactor, in which several beds experienced radial temperature gradients as high as 30--70 F by end of run. Bed temperature response to changes in quench rate was also poor. The challenge was to develop interbed distributors which will provide good gas/liquid mixing as well as: provide fast and predictable quench response; minimize the radial temperature gradients in each bed; handle the various single and mixed phase flow regimes that the catalyst beds experience during an operating cycle; fit into the existing interbed space; operate within a pressure drop limit. The result of the design effort is a seven stage interbed distributor that meets all the above objectives and was recently awarded a patent. This new two-phase flow mixer/redistributor system, which is particularly effective in low liquid flow operating regimes, has been operating successfully for 33 months. Radial temperature gradients are less than 10 F, and bed temperatures respond predictably to quench changes. By reducing peak bed temperatures, operating cycle length is extended. More uniform temperatures result in improved liquid yields, less gas and better operability, which has eliminated concerns about temperature runaway.
Termination Detection of Local Computations
Godard, Emmanuel; Tel, Gerard
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Contrary to the sequential world, the processes involved in a distributed system do not necessarily know when a computation is globally finished. This paper investigates the problem of the detection of the termination of local computations. We define four types of termination detection: no detection, detection of the local termination, detection by a distributed observer, detection of the global termination. We give a complete characterisation (except in the local termination detection case where a partial one is given) for each of this termination detection and show that they define a strict hierarchy. These results emphasise the difference between computability of a distributed task and termination detection. Furthermore, these characterisations encompass all standard criteria that are usually formulated : topological restriction (tree, rings, or triangu- lated networks ...), topological knowledge (size, diameter ...), and local knowledge to distinguish nodes (identities, sense of direction). These re- sult...
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMERGENCY PLANNING HANDBOOK
management system and communications plan consistent with existing state and federal energy emergencyCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMERGENCY PLANNING HANDBOOK April 2004 PUBLICATION and authorities, and to integrate their management and communications systems with both the California Energy
Efficiency of Local Search Johann Hurink
Al Hanbali, Ahmad
Efficiency of Local Search Johann Hurink University of Twente BETA Mini Cour Efficiency of Local Search #12;Overview of the Talk · Efficiency of local search · Scheduling problems Definition for P|| wjCj BETA Mini Cour Efficiency of Local Search #12;Efficiency of Local Search -1- Basic
Non-Local Correlations and Interactive Games
Preda, Daniel Ciprian
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
non-local provers P NL such that the acceptance probabilitynon-local provers P i Q such that the acceptance probabilitythe same acceptance probability CHAPTER 4. GENERAL NON-LOCAL
Local non-equilibrium thermodynamics
Jinwoo, Lee
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local Shannon entropy lies at the heart of modern thermodynamics, with much discussion of trajectory-dependent entropy production. When taken at both boundaries of a process in phase space, it reproduces the second law of thermodynamics over a finite time interval for small scale systems. However, given that entropy is an ensemble property, it has never been clear how one can assign such a quantity locally. Given such a fundamental omission in our knowledge, we construct a new ensemble composed of trajectories reaching an individual microstate, and show that locally defined entropy, information, and free energy are properties of the ensemble, or trajectory-independent true thermodynamic potentials. We find that the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution and Landauer's principle can be generalized naturally as properties of the ensemble, and that trajectory-free state functions of the ensemble govern the exact mechanism of non-equilibrium relaxation.
Local non-equilibrium thermodynamics
Lee Jinwoo; Hajime Tanaka
2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
Local Shannon entropy lies at the heart of modern thermodynamics, with much discussion of trajectory-dependent entropy production. When taken at both boundaries of a process in phase space, it reproduces the second law of thermodynamics over a finite time interval for small scale systems. However, given that entropy is an ensemble property, it has never been clear how one can assign such a quantity locally. Given such a fundamental omission in our knowledge, we construct a new ensemble composed of trajectories reaching an individual microstate, and show that locally defined entropy, information, and free energy are properties of the ensemble, or trajectory-independent true thermodynamic potentials. We find that the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution and Landauer's principle can be generalized naturally as properties of the ensemble, and that trajectory-free state functions of the ensemble govern the exact mechanism of non-equilibrium relaxation.
algorithmic computation of local cohomology modules and the local
Knowledge of local cohomology modules provides interesting in-. formation .... below). Most of the algorithmic ideas in this section appear already in .... mials of An, subject to m < m ... on which gi we pick amongst those whose initial term divides the initial ..... For purposes of reference we also list algorithms that compute the.
Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals: Getting Support from Local Leaders
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Power Point presentation from the Furthering your Local Governments Energy Efficiency Goals part 1 Getting Support From Local Leaders webcast.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLiving
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLivingplasma ion dynamics
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLivingplasma ion
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for
Kammen, Daniel M.
utility customers. Using a hybrid energy resource optimization framework, we explore optimal configurationKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak Energy Laboratory (RAEL) & Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy Release Date
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for
Kammen, Daniel M.
with a large-scale hydropower plan for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural EnergyKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak Energy Laboratory (RAEL) & Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy Release Date
Local algorithms for graph partitioning and finding dense subgraphs
Andersen, Reid
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ed local partitioning algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . .7 A Local Algorithm for Finding DenseComparison of local partitioning algorithms . . . . . . . .
Quasi-local energy for cosmological models
Chiang-Mei Chen; Jian-Liang Liu; James M. Nester
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
First we briefly review our covariant Hamiltonian approach to quasi-local energy, noting that the Hamiltonian-boundary-term quasi-local energy expressions depend on the chosen boundary conditions and reference configuration. Then we present the quasi-local energy values resulting from the formalism applied to homogeneous Bianchi cosmologies. Finally we consider the quasi-local energies of the FRW cosmologies. Our results do not agree with certain widely accepted quasi-local criteria.
Kelly, Scott
2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
and international experience, several bespoke energy strategies are identified that have significant potential to contribute to local energy demand reduction and lower CO2 emissions in the UK. The strategies identified include, Combined Heat and Power with District Heating (CHP?DH), Energy from Waste Facilities (Ef... Energy, Decentralised Energy, Energy Service Company (ESCo), CHP, District Heating JEL Classification Contact sjk64@cama.c.uk Publication January 2011 Financial Support 4CMR, Cambridge Econometrics, Cambridge Trusts 1 The...
Anderson localization on a simplex
A. Ossipov
2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
We derive a field-theoretical representation for the moments of the eigenstates in the generalized Anderson model. The representation is exact and can be used for the Anderson model with generic non-random hopping elements in any dimensions. We apply this method to the simplex model, for which the hopping amplitude between any two lattice sites is the same, and find that the eigenstates are localized at any strength of disorder. Our analytical predictions are in excellent agreement with the results of numerical simulations.
Local Option- Solar Sales Tax Exemption
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The exemption does not apply to solar pool heating or other recreational applications. The laws also permit local governments (municipalities and counties) to grant an exemption from local sales...
Sensor network localization based on natural phenomena
Kim, Daniel Sang
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Autonomous localization is crucial for many sensor network applications. The goal of this thesis is to develop a distributed localization algorithm for the PLUG indoor sensor network by analyzing sound and light sensory ...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
DOE’s technical assistance program webcast on furthering your local government’s energy efficiency goals. This is part one, gaining support from local leaders.
NOvA Experiment - The Local Community
Deb Wieber
2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
Local proprietors Steve and Deb Wieber discuss the impact of the NOvA experiment on their community.
Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to Local Wins Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local Ties Lead to Local Wins Spotlight on Rutland County, Vermont: How Local...
Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB Aggregation
Schmid, Stefan
Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB Aggregation Nadi Sarrar Marcin Bienkowski Stefan Schmid Steve of London TU Berlin Technical Report: 2012-12 ISSN: 1436-9915 #12;Exploiting Locality of Churn for FIB effectively exploit the locality of FIB churn to keep low the number of updates to the aggregated FIB, as most
environmental health The Local Board of Health
environmental health The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Second Edition #12;The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Second Edition Author Carrie Hribar, MA Project Director Public Health Policy National Association of Local Boards of Health Editor Mark Schultz, MEd
Local Constructive Set Theory and Inductive Definitions
Aczel, Peter
Local Constructive Set Theory and Inductive Definitions Peter Aczel 1 Introduction Local Constructive Set Theory (LCST) is intended to be a local version of con- structive set theory (CST principles, is also acceptable in topos mathematics, the mathematics that can be carried out in an arbi
California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy
Kammen, Daniel M.
California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy: 12,000 Megawatts By 2020 A Report on the Governor's Conference on Local Renewable Energy June 7, 2012 #12;This report was made possible. #12;California's Transition To Local Renewable Energy: 12,000 Megawatts By 2020 A Report
UNCORRECTEDPROOF 2 Positioning using local maps q
Ruml, Wheeler
Positioning using Local 11 Maps (PLM). Given a path between a starting node and a remote node we wish absolute coordinates. We instantiate the PLM framework using the previously pro- 15 posed MDS Local 57 Maps (PLM). The method estimates node loca- 58 tions based on local maps, i.e., positions
LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF
Bateman, Ian J.
LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION By Gill Seyfang CSERGE Working Paper EDM 04-09 #12;Local Organic Food: The Social Implications of Sustainable Consumption By Gill. It goes on to consider how these various worldviews might promote locally-grown organic food
Data-centric Transformations for Locality Enhancement
Pingali, Keshav K.
-centric transformations for locality enhancement. We present experimental results on the SGI Octane compar- ingData-centric Transformations for Locality Enhancement Induprakas Kodukula Keshav Pingali September community has developed locality-enhancing program transformations such as loop permutation and tiling
Localization of quantum Bernoulli noises
Wang, Caishi; Zhang, Jihong [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China)] [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} of annihilation and creation operators acting on square integrable functionals of a Bernoulli process Z= (Z{sub k}){sub k?0} can be interpreted as quantum Bernoulli noises. In this note we consider the operator family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0}, where ?{sub k}=?{sub k}E{sub k} with E{sub k} being the conditional expectation (operator) given ?-field ?(Z{sub j}; 0 ?j?k). We show that ?{sub k} (resp. ?{sub k}{sup *}) is essentially a kind of localization of the annihilation operator ?{sub k} (resp. creation operator ?{sub k}{sup *}). We examine properties of the family (?{sub k},?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} and prove, among other things, that ?{sub k} and ?{sub k}{sup *} satisfy a local canonical anti-communication relation and (?{sub k}{sup *}){sub k?0} forms a mutually orthogonal operator sequence although each ?{sub k} is not a projection operator. We find that the operator series ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}X?{sub k} converges in the strong operator topology for each bounded operator X acting on square integrable functionals of Z. In particular we get an explicit sum of the operator series ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}?{sub k}. A useful norm estimate on ?{sub k=0}{sup ?}?{sub k}{sup *}X?{sub k} is also obtained. Finally we show applications of our main results to quantum dynamical semigroups and quantum probability.
Spatial Risk Measures and their Local Specification: The Locally Law-Invariant Case
FĂ¶llmer, Hans
the position acceptable from the point of view of a supervising agency. Typically, such a local risk assessmentSpatial Risk Measures and their Local Specification: The Locally Law- Invariant Case by Hans F in Statistical Mechanics, we discuss the local specification of a global risk measure in terms of conditional
Dynamic Representations and Escaping Local Optima: Improving Genetic Algorithms and Local Search
Whitley, Darrell
'escape' local optima by accepting non- improving moves. Another possibility is to dynamically changeDynamic Representations and Escaping Local Optima: Improving Genetic Algorithms and Local Search University Fort Collins, CO 80523 e-mail: {laura,watsonj,whitley}@cs.colostate.edu Abstract Local search
State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
and Local Code Implementation: Southeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code...
John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo
2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent paper we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein-Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened, in this framework. Some interesting new cosmological solutions for the very early universe are found, including the possibility of a bounce, inflation and expansion with a loitering phase, all of which are induced by early variations in alpha.
Local government and demand-side bidding
Vine, E.
1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, the issue of DSM bidding was examined as a possible option for local government. The recent interest and activity in DSM bidding around the country presents an opportunity for local government. Potential benefits for local government include increased installation of energy efficiency measures in municipal facilities and in the community, economic development, an additional source of revenue to help pay for municipal programs (including additional conservation efforts), and an enhanced local image. Local government will most likely participate in DSM bidding as a customer or as a client of an energy service company (ESCO). The exact role will depend on local government's response to key issues associated with DSM bidding, such as performance guarantees, quality assurance procedures (measuring savings and providing financial security), and the administrative burden. In addition, local government will have to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of working with an ESCO. While local government has not yet participated in DSM bidding, local government is in a unique position to take advantage of energy efficiency opportunities as owner-operators of municipal facilities which consume significant amounts of energy, planners and regulators of new development, and general providers of services and assistance to their communities. Furthermore, local governments have lower risks (in terms of program success) than small businesses, and local governments' credibility and experience in dealing with customers may reduce high transaction costs associated with DSM bidding. Despite these advantages, local governments should take a cautious approach in participating in DSM bidding processes, and should carefully examine other strategies for promoting energy efficiency (including participation in conventional utility programs) prior to participating in DSM bidding.
Fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons
Yang Jianke [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401 (United States)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report the prediction of fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons. These solitons are obtained in a quasi-one-dimensional waveguide array which is periodic along one spatial direction and localized along the orthogonal direction. Under appropriate nonlinearity, these solitons are found to exist inside the Bloch bands (continuous spectrum) of the waveguide and thus are embedded solitons. These embedded solitons are fully localized along both spatial directions. In addition, they are fully stable under perturbations.
Local Energy Velocity of Classical Fields
I. V. Drozdov; A. A. Stahlhofen
2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
It is proposed to apply a recently developed concept of local wave velocities to the dynamical field characteristics, especially for the canonical field energy density. It is shown that local energy velocities can be derived from the lagrangian directly. The local velocities of zero- and first- order for energy propagation has been obtained for special cases of scalar and vector fields. Some important special cases of these results are discussed.
Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Solar
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Virginia allows any county, city or town to exempt or partially exempt solar energy equipment or recycling equipment from local property taxes. Residential, commercial or industrial property is...
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES
Silberman, Lior
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES LIOR SILBERMAN A DISSERTATION PRESENTED Lindenstrauss on the arithmetic quantum chaos problem on hyperbolic surfaces. We have also benefited from
Shear strain localization in elastodynamic rupture simulations
Daub, Eric G; Carlson, Jean M
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study strain localization as an enhanced velocity weakening mechanism on earthquake faults. Fault friction is modeled using Shear Transformation Zone (STZ) Theory, a microscopic physical model for non-affine rearrangements in granular fault gouge. STZ Theory is implemented in spring slider and dynamic rupture models of faults. We compare dynamic shear localization to deformation that is uniform throughout the gouge layer, and find that localized slip enhances the velocity weakening of the gouge. Localized elastodynamic ruptures have larger stress drops and higher peak slip rates than ruptures with homogeneous strain.
LECTURES ON LOCAL COHOMOLOGY AND DUALITY Contents ...
2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
Introduction. This is an expanded version of a series of lectures given during the Local. Cohomology workshop at CIMAT, Guanajuoto, Mexico, Nov. 29–Dec. 3,.
Model Wind Ordinance for Local Governments
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
In 2006, Pennsylvania developed a model local ordinance for wind energy facilities through a collaborative effort involving several state departments and stakeholder groups. The purpose of the...
Communication vs. Performance in Source Localization
Bandari, Roja; Pottie, Gregory
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
localization. Cost of Wireless Communication Energy can be aConsiderable energy is used in wireless communication In aamount of energy is consumed through wireless communication.
LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D-MODULES
Bloch, Spencer
LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D. Local Fourier transforms, analogous to the `-adic local Fourier transforms [14], are constructed infinitesimal rigidity condition is satisfied. As in [12], the argument uses local Fourier transforms
Localization of fremions in rotating electromagnetic fields
B. V. Gisin
2015-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Parameters of localization are defined in the lab and rotating frame for solutions of the Dirac equation in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and constant magnetic field. The radius of localization is of the order of the electromagnetic wavelength and lesser.
Climate Change Adaptation for Local Government
Pedersen, Tom
Climate Change Adaptation for Local Government A Resource Guide June 2011 Jenny Fraser, Adaptation to Climate Change Team, Simon Fraser University #12;Page 1 of 26 Climate Change Adaptation for Local: RESOURCES THAT SUPPORT CLIMATE CHANGE ASSESSMENT 3. Past and Future Climate Change and Its Impacts 4
Local Export Spillovers in France Pamina Koenig
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Local Export Spillovers in France Pamina Koenig Florian Mayneris Sandra Poncet§ Abstract This paper investigates the presence of local export spillovers on both the extensive (the decision to start exporting) and the intensive (the export volume) margins of trade, using data on French individual export flows, at the product
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable
Kammen, Daniel M.
for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural Energy Access, Local Solutions #12;RAEL ReportKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak, Malaysia Rebekah Shirley Daniel Kammen University of California Berkeley Renewable and Appropriate Energy
DAMAGE LOCALIZATION USING LOAD VECTORS Dionisio Bernal
Bernal, Dionisio
DAMAGE LOCALIZATION USING LOAD VECTORS Dionisio Bernal Associate Professor Department of Civil: A technique to localize damage in structures that can be treated as linear in the pre and post-damage state is presented. Central to the approach is the computation of a set of vectors, designated as Damage Locating
Structural Damage Detection and Localization Using NETSHM
Gnawali, Omprakash
Structural Damage Detection and Localization Using NETSHM Krishna Chintalapudi, Jeongyeup Paek and localize damage in large civil structures. Structural engineers often implement and test SHM algorithms the intricacies of wireless networking, or the details of sensor data acquisition. We have implemented a damage
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
An overview of some of the best practices for gaining support for energy efficiency projects from your local leaders , key data points and other items of interest that local leaders might look for when approached about supporting energy efficiency projects..
Agatstein, Jessica C
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The rapid rise of oil and gas production in the United States poses a new set of policy challenges for local governments. Striving to balance the goals of encouraging economic growth and mitigating its side effects, local ...
Local Option- County Energy District Authority
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Oklahoma enacted S.B. 102, effective November 2011, to make PACE loans junior and inferior to other liens. This law should allow local governments to adopt PACE programs that are within the accep...
Localized Bridging Centrality for Distributed Network Analysis
Kotz, David
Localized Bridging Centrality for Distributed Network Analysis Soumendra Nanda Department in a distributed manner. Keywords: wireless mesh networks, network management, network monitoring, network diagnosis, network analysis, social network analysis, centrality, distributed algorithms I. INTRODUCTION Our
Emerging local warming signals in observational data
Mahlstein, Irina
The global average temperature of the Earth has increased, but year-to-year variability in local climates impedes the identification of clear changes in observations and human experience. For a signal to become obvious in ...
Force localization in contracting cell layers
Carina M. Edwards; Ulrich S. Schwarz
2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
Epithelial cell layers on soft elastic substrates or pillar arrays are commonly used as model systems for investigating the role of force in tissue growth, maintenance and repair. Here we show analytically that the experimentally observed localization of traction forces to the periphery of the cell layers does not necessarily imply increased local cell activity, but follows naturally from the elastic problem of a finite-sized contractile layer coupled to an elastic foundation. For homogeneous contractility, the force localization is determined by one dimensionless parameter interpolating between linear and exponential force profiles for the extreme cases of very soft and very stiff substrates, respectively. If contractility is sufficiently increased at the periphery, outward directed displacements can occur at intermediate positions, although the edge itself still retracts. We also show that anisotropic extracellular stiffness leads to force localization in the stiffer direction, as observed experimentally.
Local complex singularity exponents for isolated singularities
Hou, Zuoliang, 1977-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, I studied the stability of local complex'singularity exponents (lcse) for holomorphic functions whose zero sets have only isolated singularities. For a given holomorphic function f defined on a neighborhood ...
Local Option- Residential Sustainable Energy Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money from the local government to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repai...
Internet Exchanges: Enabling Local Online Communities
Mitchell, Keith
Interconnect Principles Internet Exchange History Internet Exchange Models Internet Exchange Security Setting, Foundry #12;Internet Exchanges History #12;A decade+ of Internet Exchanges The London Internet ExchangeInternet Exchanges: Enabling Local Online Communities Keith Mitchell Chair, United Kingdom Network
Cooperative localization for autonomous underwater vehicles
Bahr, Alexander
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Self-localization of an underwater vehicle is particularly challenging due to the absence of Global Positioning System (GPS) reception or features at known positions that could otherwise have been used for position ...
Local community extraction in directed networks
Ning, Xuemei; Zhang, Shihua
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Network is a simple but powerful representation of real-world complex systems. Network community analysis has become an invaluable tool to explore and reveal the internal organization of nodes. However, only a few methods were directly designed for community-detection in directed networks. In this article, we introduce the concept of local community structure in directed networks and provide a generic criterion to describe a local community with two properties. We further propose a stochastic optimization algorithm to rapidly detect a local community, which allows for uncovering the directional modular characteristics in directed networks. Numerical results show that the proposed method can resolve detailed local communities with directional information and provide more structural characteristics of directed networks than previous methods.
Local Option- Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money from the local government to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repai...
Local Solid Waste Disposal Act (Illinois)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
It is the purpose of this Act and the policy of this State to protect the public health and welfare and the quality of the environment by providing local governments with the ability to properly...
Locally-smeared operator product expansions
Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostantinos
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a "locally-smeared Operator Product Expansion" (sOPE) to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of locally-smeared operators. The sOPE formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements of smeared degrees of freedom, determined numerically using the gradient flow, to non-local operators in the continuum. The nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale prevents a simple connection to the standard operator product expansion and therefore requires the construction of a two-scale formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using the example of real scalar field theory.
Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture
Poliannikov, Oleg V.
2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...
Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture
Poliannikov, Oleg V.
Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The New York General City, Town, and Village codes also allow local zoning districts to make regulations regarding solar access that provide for "the accommodation of solar energy systems and...
A Library for Locally Weighted Projection Regression
Klanke, Stefan; Vijayakumar, Sethu; Schaal, Stefan
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we introduce an improved implementation of locally weighted projection regression (LWPR), a supervised learning algorithm that is capable of handling high-dimensional input data. As the key features, our ...
EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool
Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer
2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.
Targeting Illegal Immigration: Local Ordinate Action
Gunn, Emily; Moffitt, Jessica; Montemayor, Victoria; Riedel, Sarah; Smith, Bart; Weizel, Daniel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to prevent unauthorized immigration. However, from 1990 to 2005, estimates of the unauthorized alien population in the United States have risen from 3.5 million to 11.5 million people, a 325 percent increase. A small number of localities have taken action... to unauthorized aliens, while others passed legislation targeting day labor centers, loitering, and government services. Consistent with findings made in other studies,1 at the time of our study we found that only approximately 100 localities have...
Targeting Illegal Immigration: Local Ordinate Action
Gunn, Emily; Moffitt, Jessica; Montemayor, Victoria; Riedel, Sarah; Smith, Bart; Weizel, Daniel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is adapted, but distinct from, a report on the topic prepared for the U.S. Congressional Research Service. Local Ordinances Targeting Illegal Immigration 1 Executive Summary It has been traditionally the federal government?s responsibility...,000 municipalities and 3,000 counties in the United States, only 21 localities have passed legislation addressing unauthorized immigration in the key areas thought to influence illegal immigration?housing and employment. These ordinances were all passed between...
EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool
Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer
2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.
Local Generation Limited | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County, Pennsylvania: Energy ResourcesLithopolis, Ohio:Livonia, New York:sourceLocalLocal
Suzuki, Masatsugu
#12;Reforming Local Government in Broome County 1 Center for Local Government College on committee findings and issued recommendations in each area studied. Reforming Local Government in Broome;Reforming Local Government in Broome County 2 Center for Local Government College of Community & Public
V.3K(1)-Local Homotopy Theory, Iwasawa Theory
V.3K(1)-Local Homotopy Theory, Iwasawa Theory and Algebraic K-Theory Stephen A. Mitchell* 3.3 K(1)-local Homotopy Theory............................................................. 965 -Adic K-Theory ................................................................. 968 K(1)-Localization
Local purity distillation with bounded classical communication
Hari Krovi; Igor Devetak
2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
Local pure states are an important resource for quantum computing. The problem of distilling local pure states from mixed ones can be cast in an information theoretic paradigm. The bipartite version of this problem where local purity must be distilled from an arbitrary quantum state shared between two parties, Alice and Bob, is closely related to the problem of separating quantum and classical correlations in the state and in particular, to a measure of classical correlations called the one-way distillable common randomness. In Phys. Rev. A 71, 062303 (2005), the optimal rate of local purity distillation is derived when many copies of a bipartite quantum state are shared between Alice and Bob, and the parties are allowed unlimited use of a unidirectional dephasing channel. In the present paper, we extend this result to the setting in which the use of the channel is bounded. We demonstrate that in the case of a classical-quantum system, the expression for the local purity distilled is efficiently computable and provide examples with their tradeoff curves.
Interactive local search for multiple-criteria scheduling
Li, Shijun
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, then the local search procedure is termed probabilistic (e. g. , simulated annealing). Probabilistic local search aims at avoiding that the search process gets trapped in local optima. The local search solution space can be viewed as a graph G = (V... solution and may be trapped in poor local optima. Second, they require large, though deterministic, computational effort. One very promising way of cutting down computational time is by using parallelism (Verhoeven and Aarts, 1995). Unfortunately, local...
Gas distributor for fluidized bed coal gasifier
Worley, Arthur C. (Mt. Tabor, NJ); Zboray, James A. (Irvine, CA)
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A gas distributor for distributing high temperature reaction gases to a fluidized bed of coal particles in a coal gasification process. The distributor includes a pipe with a refractory reinforced lining and a plurality of openings in the lining through which gas is fed into the bed. These feed openings have an expanding tapered shape in the downstream or exhaust direction which aids in reducing the velocity of the gas jets as they enter the bed.
An eigensystem approach to Anderson localization
Alexander Elgart; Abel Klein
2015-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new approach for proving localization (pure point spectrum with exponentially decaying eigenfunctions, dynamical localization) for the Anderson model at high disorder. In contrast to the usual strategy, we do not study finite volume Green's functions. Instead, we perform a multiscale analysis based on finite volume eigensystems (eigenvalues and eigenfunctions). Information about eigensystems at a given scale is used to derive information about eigensystems at larger scales. This eigensystem multiscale analysis treats all energies of the finite volume operator at the same time, establishing level spacing and localization of eigenfunctions in a fixed box with high probability. A new feature is the labeling of the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions by the sites of the box.
Does chaos assist localization or delocalization?
Tan, Jintao; Luo, Yunrong; Hai, Wenhua, E-mail: whhai2005@aliyun.com [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Low-dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081 (China); Lu, Gengbiao [Department of Physics and Electronic Science, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410004 (China)
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We aim at a long-standing contradiction between chaos-assisted tunneling and chaos-related localization study quantum transport of a single particle held in an amplitude-modulated and tilted optical lattice. We find some near-resonant regions crossing chaotic and regular regions in the parameter space, and demonstrate that chaos can heighten velocity of delocalization in the chaos-resonance overlapping regions, while chaos may aid localization in the other chaotic regions. The degree of localization enhances with increasing the distance between parameter points and near-resonant regions. The results could be useful for experimentally manipulating chaos-assisted transport of single particles in optical or solid-state lattices.
Holographic Trace Anomaly and Local Renormalization Group
Rajagopal, Srivatsan; Zhu, Yechao
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamilton-Jacobi method in holography has produced important results both at a renormalization group (RG) fixed point and away from it. In this paper we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to compute the holographic trace anomaly for four- and six-dimensional boundary conformal field theories (CFTs), assuming higher-derivative gravity and interactions of scalar fields in the bulk. The scalar field contributions to the anomaly appear in CFTs with exactly marginal operators. Moving away from the fixed point, we show that the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism provides a deep connection between the holographic and the local RG. We derive the local RG equation holographically, and verify explicitly that it satisfies Weyl consistency conditions stemming from the commutativity of Weyl scalings. We also consider massive scalar fields in the bulk corresponding to boundary relevant operators, and comment on their effects to the local RG equation.
Holographic Trace Anomaly and Local Renormalization Group
Srivatsan Rajagopal; Andreas Stergiou; Yechao Zhu
2015-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamilton-Jacobi method in holography has produced important results both at a renormalization group (RG) fixed point and away from it. In this paper we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to compute the holographic trace anomaly for four- and six-dimensional boundary conformal field theories (CFTs), assuming higher-derivative gravity and interactions of scalar fields in the bulk. The scalar field contributions to the anomaly appear in CFTs with exactly marginal operators. Moving away from the fixed point, we show that the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism provides a deep connection between the holographic and the local RG. We derive the local RG equation holographically, and verify explicitly that it satisfies Weyl consistency conditions stemming from the commutativity of Weyl scalings. We also consider massive scalar fields in the bulk corresponding to boundary relevant operators, and comment on their effects to the local RG equation.
Secure positioning and non-local correlations
Muhammad Nadeem
2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, the problem of secure position-verification has been extensively analyzed in a formal notion where distant verifiers send encrypted challenge along with the decryption information to the prover. However, currently it is known that all the existing position-verification scheme are insecure and secure positioning is impossible. We propose here a different notion for position-verification where distant verifiers determine the actions of the prover through non-local correlations generated by local measurements at the provers site. The proposed scheme guarantees secure positioning even if the verifiers do not have any pre-shared data with the prover, position is the only credential of the prover. Our proposed scheme is secure in general and evades known quantum attacks based on instantaneous non-local computations in particular. The scheme enables verifiers to identify dishonest provers with very high probability , where n is the number of entangled pairs used.
Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Breakout Session 3D-Building...
Phonon localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric April 11, 2014 This inelastic neutron scattering spectrum shows the localizing modes (LMs) between the transverse optic...
State and Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review...
State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
and Local Code Implementation: Southeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Green Codes and...
Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: alocally...
a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Local Incentive-Based...
Mahowald and Thompson determined the ?-adic ?-localizations of ...
1910-61-20T23:59:59.000Z
In [21], Mahowald and Thompson determined the ?-adic ?-localizations of the odd spheres at an arbitrary prime ?, expressing these localizations as homotopy
State and Local Energy Assurance Planning | Department of Energy
and local governments on energy assurance issues. The office develops products and tools to inform and educate State and local officials to support their energy emergency...
How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Matter? Exploring the Impact of Permitting and Local Regulatory Processes on PV Prices in the United States How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...
Energy Department Awards $5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Energy Department Awards 5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy Savings Energy Department Awards 5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy...
Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions | Department...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Natural Gas Disruptions Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions Because natural gas is distributed through underground...
Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...
Measuring Up: How to Track and Evaluate Local Sustainability Projects
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Join this EPA Local Climate and Energy webinar to learn how to measure and evaluate the results of local climate, energy, and sustainability projects.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate...
for clean energy jobs, greenhouse gas accounting protocols, local strategy guides, case studies, Webcasts, Podcasts, building energy efficiency for local governments, and...
Obama Administration Announces Additional $11,072,300 for Local...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
13,167,500 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in South Dakota Obama Administration Announces Additional 33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico...
Obama Administration Announces Additional $33,977,000 for Local...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
3,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico Obama Administration Announces Additional 33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico...
Obama Administration Announces Additional $13,969,700 for Local...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Alaska Obama Administration Announces Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Alaska...
New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities...
to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by Hurricane Sandy Back Online New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by...
Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...
Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities...
Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities to its Energy Efficiency Services Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities to its Energy...
Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
A Guide for Local Governments (Book), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments (Book), Energy Efficiency &...
Automating approximate Bayesian computation by local linear regression
Thornton, Kevin R
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
computation by local linear regression Kevin R Thorntonof ABC based on using a linear regression to approximate theimplements the local linear-regression approach to ABC. The
Shin, Kyoung Mun
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
What are the conditions under which local actors are more likely to carry out policy innovations that produce environmental or social benefits in local China? Previous studies on "Chinese experimentalism" suggest that local ...
Local Students Explore ARM Program Site
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLivingplasmaLocal3 Local
Local content of bipartite qubit correlations
Branciard, Cyril; Gisin, Nicolas [Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Scarani, Valerio [Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 117543 Singapore (Singapore)
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
One of the last open problems concerning two qubits in a pure state is to find the exact local content of their correlation, in the sense of Elitzur, Popescu, and Rohrlich (EPR2) [A. C. Elitzur, S. Popescu, and D. Rohrlich, Phys. Lett. A162, 25 (1992)]. We propose an EPR2 decomposition that allows us to prove, for a wide range of states |{psi}({theta})>=cos{theta}|00>+sin{theta}|11>, that their local content is p{sub L}({theta})=cos2{theta}. We also share reflections on how to possibly extend this result to all two-qubit pure states.
Localized quantum walks as secured quantum memory
C. M. Chandrashekar; Th. Busch
2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
We show that a quantum walk process can be used to construct and secure quantum memory. More precisely, we show that a localized quantum walk with temporal disorder can be engineered to store the information of a single, unknown qubit on a compact position space and faithfully recover it on demand. Since the localization occurss with a finite spread in position space, the stored information of the qubit will be naturally secured from the simple eavesdropper. Our protocol can be adopted to any quantum system for which experimental control over quantum walk dynamics can be achieved.
Graphene Nanoribbon in Sharply Localized Magnetic Fields
Abdulaziz D. Alhaidari; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal
2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effect of a sharply localized magnetic field on the electron transport in a strip (ribbon) of graphene sheet, which allows to give results for the transmission and reflection probability through magnetic barriers. The magnetic field is taken as a single and double delta type localized functions, which are treated later as the zero width limit of gaussian fields. For both field configurations, we evaluate analytically and numerically their transmission and reflection coefficients. The possibility of spacial confinement due to the inhomogeneous field configuration is also investigated.
The Local Data Manager (LDM) The Unidata Local Data Manager (LDM) is a collection of
and educators at no cost. This data consists primarily of GOES satellite imagery, radar imagery (level IIFact Sheet Data The Local Data Manager (LDM) The Unidata Local Data Manager (LDM) is a collection of cooperating programs that select, capture, manage, and distribute arbitrary data products. The system
Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation Signal machines : localization of isolated
Durand-Lose, JĂ©rĂ´me
Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation JĂ©rĂ´me Durand-Lose Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale d'OrlĂ©ans, UniversitĂ© d of isolated accumulation 1 Signal machines and isolated accumulations 2 Necessary conditions
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC Climate change will affect both sea level and the temporal and spatial distribution of runoff
UNIVERSALITIES: FROM ANDERSON LOCALIZATION TO QUANTUM CHAOS
Simons, Ben
COURSE 1 UNIVERSALITIES: FROM ANDERSON LOCALIZATION TO QUANTUM CHAOS BORIS L. ALTSHULER AND B. D, and Quantum Chaos 73 8.1. Quantum Billiards 74 8.2. Numerics 75 8.3. Hard and Soft Chaos 77 8.4. Periodic
Atomically localized plasmon enhancement in monolayer graphene
Pennycook, Steve
Atomically localized plasmon enhancement in monolayer graphene Wu Zhou1,2 *, Jaekwang Lee1,2 , Jagjit Nanda2 , Sokrates T. Pantelides1,2 , Stephen J. Pennycook1,2 and Juan-Carlos Idrobo1,2 * Plasmons plas- mons in very small regions could have applications in optoelec- tronics8,9 , plasmonics10
STAFF REPORT LOCALIZED HEALTH IMPACTS REPORT
Program Under Solicitation PON 11604 Advanced Vehicle Technology Manufacturing CALIFORNIA ENERGY Advanced Vehicle Technology Manufacturing (CEC6002012005) was posted July 25, 2012, and the 30day public a revised NOPA for additional projects proposed for funding under PON11604, and this Localized Health
Estimating Vehicle Miles Traveled on Local Roads
Qian, Jiayu
2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
This research presents a new method to estimate the local road vehicle miles traveled (VMT) with the concept of betweenness centrality. Betweenness centrality is a measure of a node’s or link’s centrality on a network that has been applied popularly...
On local duality invariance in electromagnetism
S. C. Tiwari
2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Duality is one of the oldest known symmetries of Maxwell equations. In recent years the significance of duality symmetry has been recognized in superstrings and high energy physics and there has been a renewed interest on the question of local duality rotation invariance. In the present paper we re-visit global duality symmetry in the Maxwell action and delineate the ambiguous role of gauge invariance and time locality. We have recently demonstrated that local duality invariance in a Lorentz covariant form can be carried out in the Maxwell equations. In this paper it is shown that in the four-pseudo vector Lagrangian theory of Sudbery a local duality generalization can be naturally and unambiguously implemented and the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion are consistent with the generalized Maxwell field equations. It is pointed out that the extension of Noether theorem in full generality for a vector action is an important open problem in mathematical physics. Physical consequences of this theory for polarized light and topological insulators are also discussed.
HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS
McCluskey, Matthew
HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS M.D. MCCLUSKEY* University) spectroscopy of hydrogen and deuterium in GaP, AlSb, ZnSe, and GaN has provided important information about the structures of dopant- hydrogen complexes and their interaction with the host lattice. In GaN:Mg, for example
Analysis of Local Experts in Social Media
Venkatesh, Sindhuja
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
,celebs,celebrity,celebrities,celebz food food, foods, foodie, foodies finance finance, finances politics politics, political, politica, politico, politicians, politician Table 3.3: Topics derived from tag names 18 3.2 Localness of Experts In this section, I begin my investigation...
Proton Hexality in Local Grand Unification
Stefan Forste; Hans Peter Nilles; Saul Ramos-Sanchez; Patrick K. S. Vaudrevange
2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Proton hexality is a discrete symmetry that avoids the problem of too fast proton decay in the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. Unfortunately it is inconsistent with conventional grand unification. We show that proton hexality can be incorporated in the scheme of "Local Grand Unification" discussed in the framework of model building in (heterotic) string theory.
Dynamical Localization in the Paul Trap
M. El Ghafar; P. Torma; V. Savichev; E. Mayr; A. Zeiler; W. P. Schleich
1996-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
We show that quantum localization occurs in the center-of-mass motion of an ion stored in a Paul trap and interacting with a standing laser field. The present experimental state of the art makes the observation of this phenomenon feasible.
Dynamical Localization in the Paul Trap
Ghafar, M E; Savichev, V; Mayr, E; Zeiler, A; Schleich, W P
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that quantum localization occurs in the center-of-mass motion of an ion stored in a Paul trap and interacting with a standing laser field. The present experimental state of the art makes the observation of this phenomenon feasible.
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable
Kammen, Daniel M.
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak and social opportunities of up to 1.5 billion people worldwide. As a critical case in point, most rural of service provision based on large-scale regional electrification. A range of different renewable energy
Improvements of the local bosonic algorithm
B. Jegerlehner
1996-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report on several improvements of the local bosonic algorithm proposed by M. Luescher. We find that preconditioning and over-relaxation works very well. A detailed comparison between the bosonic and the Kramers-algorithms shows comparable performance for the physical situation examined.
May 21, 2014 Local Agency Traffic
Minnesota, University of
Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting low Improvements Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting;Project Overview 2013-2014Local Agency Data Collection 5 · Tested traffic sensors in a low
Local gravitational physics of the Hubble expansion
Sergei Kopeikin
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
We study physical consequences of the Hubble expansion of FLRW manifold on measurement of space, time and light propagation in the local inertial frame. We analyse the solar system radar ranging and Doppler tracking experiments, and time synchronization. FLRW manifold is covered by global coordinates (t,y^i), where t is the cosmic time coinciding with the proper time of the Hubble observers. We introduce local inertial coordinates x^a=(x^0,x^i) in the vicinity of a world line of a Hubble observer with the help of a special conformal transformation. The local inertial metric is Minkowski flat and is materialized by the congruence of time-like geodesics of static observers being at rest with respect to the local spatial coordinates x^i. We consider geodesic motion of test particles and notice that the local coordinate time x^0=x^0(t) taken as a parameter along the world line of particle, is a function of the Hubble's observer time t. This function changes smoothly from x^0=t for a particle at rest (observer's clock), to x^0=t+1/2 Ht^2 for photons, where H is the Hubble constant. Thus, motion of a test particle is non-uniform when its world line is parametrized by time t. NASA JPL Orbit Determination Program presumes that motion of light (after the Shapiro delay is excluded) is uniform with respect to the time t but it does not comply with the non-uniform motion of light on cosmological manifold. For this reason, the motion of light in the solar system analysed with the Orbit Determination Program appears as having a systematic blue shift of frequency, of radio waves circulating in the Earth-spacecraft radio link. The magnitude of the anomalous blue shift of frequency is proportional to the Hubble constant H that may open an access to the measurement of this fundamental cosmological parameter in the solar system radiowave experiments.
THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN INTEGRAL ON LOCALLY COMPACT SPACES
Edalat, Abbas
THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN INTEGRAL ON LOCALLY COMPACT SPACES Abbas Edalat Sara Negri Department on the theory of the generalized Riemann integral to the setting of bounded or locally nite measures on locally is the given locally nite measure. The generalized Riemann integral is de ned for bounded functions
LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR SPENCER BLOCH AND H
Bloch, Spencer
LOCAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS AND RIGIDITY FOR D-MODULES SPENCER BLOCH AND H #19; EL #18; ENE ESNAULT To Armand Borel, in memoriam Abstract. Local Fourier transforms, analogous to the `-adic local Fourier if a certain in#12;nitesimal rigidity condition is satis#12;ed. As in [12], the argument uses local Fourier
Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks
Krishnamachari, Bhaskar
Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks Kiran Yedavalli, Bhaskar and Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA We introduce the problem of fast and fair localization of mobile units and fairness of localization and investigate a heuristic algorithm for fast and fair localization. Simulation
SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston
Keniston, Kenneth
SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston Kenneth Keniston is Andrew localization is to be understood. Introduction "Cultural localization" is the process whereby software written localized software is indistinguishable from software written by a member of that culture." Cultural
Local Regression with Meaningful Parameters Rafael A. Irizarry
Irizarry, Rafael A.
Local Regression with Meaningful Parameters Rafael A. Irizarry Abstract Local regression or loess squares. In this paper we will present a version of local regression that fits more general parametric, and financial data are included. KEY WORDS: Local Regression, Harmonic Model, Meaningful Parameters, Sound
Local rollback for fault-tolerance in parallel computing systems
Blumrich, Matthias A. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Chen, Dong (Yorktown Heights, NY); Gara, Alan (Yorktown Heights, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Yorktown Heights, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Yorktown Heights, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard (Boeblingen, DE); Sugavanam, Krishnan (Yorktown Heights, NY)
2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
A control logic device performs a local rollback in a parallel super computing system. The super computing system includes at least one cache memory device. The control logic device determines a local rollback interval. The control logic device runs at least one instruction in the local rollback interval. The control logic device evaluates whether an unrecoverable condition occurs while running the at least one instruction during the local rollback interval. The control logic device checks whether an error occurs during the local rollback. The control logic device restarts the local rollback interval if the error occurs and the unrecoverable condition does not occur during the local rollback interval.
Dark energy domination in the local flow of giant galaxies
Chernin, A D; Karachentsev, I D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A dozen most luminous galaxies at distances up to 10 Mpc from the Local Group are moving away from the group forming the local expansion flow of giants. We use recent Hubble Space Telescope data on the local giants and their numerous fainter companions to study the dynamical structure and evolutionary trends of the flow. It is demonstrated that the dynamics of the flow is dominated by local dark energy. Keywords: Galaxies, groups and clusters of galaxies; local flows of galaxies; dark energy.
Higher rank stable pairs and virtual localization
Artan Sheshmani
2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a higher rank analog of the Pandharipande-Thomas theory of stable pairs on a Calabi-Yau threefold $X$. More precisely, we develop a moduli theory for frozen triples given by the data $O^r(-n)\\rightarrow F$ where $F$ is a sheaf of pure dimension 1. The moduli space of such objects does not naturally determine an enumerative theory: that is, it does not naturally possess a perfect symmetric obstruction theory. Instead, we build a zero-dimensional virtual fundamental class by hand, by truncating a deformation-obstruction theory coming from the moduli of objects in the derived category of $X$. This yields the first deformation-theoretic construction of a higher-rank enumerative theory for Calabi-Yau threefolds. We calculate this enumerative theory for local $\\mathbb{P}^1$ using the Graber-Pandharipande virtual localization technique.
Efficient Local Unfolding with Ancestor Stacks
Puebla, G; Hermenegildo, M
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The most successful unfolding rules used nowadays in the partial evaluation of logic programs are based on well quasi orders (wqo) applied over (covering) ancestors, i.e., a subsequence of the atoms selected during a derivation. Ancestor (sub)sequences are used to increase the specialization power of unfolding while still guaranteeing termination and also to reduce the number of atoms for which the wqo has to be checked. Unfortunately, maintaining the structure of the ancestor relation during unfolding introduces significant overhead. We propose an efficient, practical local unfolding rule based on the notion of covering ancestors which can be used in combination with a wqo and allows a stack-based implementation without losing any opportunities for specialization. Using our technique, certain non-leftmost unfoldings are allowed as long as local unfolding is performed, i.e., we cover depth-first strategies.
Measurement theory in local quantum physics
Kazuya Okamura; Masanao Ozawa
2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we aim at establishing measurement theory in local quantum physics. For this purpose, we discuss a representation theory of completely positive (CP) instruments. We introduce a condition called the normal extension property (NEP) and establish a one-to-one correspondence between CP instruments with NEP and statistical equivalence classes of measuring processes. We further explore a class of CP instruments having measuring processes approximately by the notion of injectivity of von Neumann algebras. The existence problem of a family of a posteriori states is discussed and it is shown that NEP is equivalent to the existence of a strongly measurable family of a posteriori states for every normal state. Moreover, two examples of CP instruments without NEP are given. To conclude the paper, local measurements in algebraic quantum field theory are developed.
Localized Surface Plasmons in Vibrating Graphene Nanodisks
Wang, Weihua; Mortensen, N Asger; Christensen, Johan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Localized surface plasmons are confined collective oscillations of electrons in metallic nanoparticles. When driven by light, the optical response is dictated by geometrical parameters and the dielectric environment and plasmons are therefore extremely important for sensing applications. Plasmons in graphene disks have the additional benefit to be highly tunable via electrical stimulation. Mechanical vibrations create structural deformations in ways where the excitation of localized surface plasmons can be strongly modulated. We show that the spectral shift in such a scenario is determined by a complex interplay between the symmetry and shape of the modal vibrations and the plasmonic mode pattern. Tuning confined modes of light in graphene via acoustic excitations, paves new avenues in shaping the sensitivity of plasmonic detectors, and in the enhancement of the interaction with optical emitters, such as molecules, for future nanophotonic devices.
Quantum Loops in Non-Local Gravity
Talaganis, Spyridon
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this proceedings, I will consider quantum aspects of a non-local, infinite-derivative scalar field theory - a ${\\it toy \\, model}$ depiction of a covariant infinite-derivative, non-local extension of Einstein's general relativity which has previously been shown to be free from ghosts around the Minkowski background. The graviton propagator in this theory gets an exponential suppression making it ${\\it asymptotically \\, free}$, thus providing strong prospects of resolving various classical and quantum divergences. In particular, I will find that at $1$-loop, the $2$-point function is still divergent, but once this amplitude is renormalized by adding appropriate counter terms, the ultraviolet (UV) behavior of all other $1$-loop diagrams as well as the $2$-loop, $2$-point function remains well under control. I will go on to discuss how one may be able to generalize our computations and arguments to arbitrary loops.
Spatially localized solutions of shear flows
Gibson, J F
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present several new spatially localized equilibrium and traveling-wave solutions of plane Couette and channel flows. The solutions exhibit strikingly concentrated regions of vorticity that are flanked on either side by high-speed streaks. For several traveling-wave solutions of channel flow, the concentrated vortex structures are confined to the near-wall region and form particularly isolated and elemental coherent structures in the near-wall region of shear flows. The solutions are constructed by a variety of methods: application of windowing functions to previously known spatially periodic solutions, continuation from plane Couette to channel flow conditions, and from initial guesses obtained from turbulent simulation data. We show how the symmetries of localized solutions derive from the symmetries of their periodic counterparts, analyze the exponential decay of their tails, examine the scale separation and scaling of their streamwise Fourier modes, and show that they develop critical layers for large R...
Localization of intermediate-term earthquake prediction
Kossobokov, V.G.; Keilis-Borok, V.I. (International Inst. of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Moscow (USSR)); Smith, S.W. (Univ. of Washington, Seattle (USA))
1990-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Relative seismic quiescence within a region which has already been diagnosed as having entered a Time of Increased Probability (TIP) for the occurrence of a strong earthquake can be used to refine the locality in which the earthquake may be expected to occur. A simple algorithm with parameters fitted from the data in Northern California preceding the 1980 magnitude 7.0 earthquake offshore from Eureka depicts relative quiescence within the region of a TIP. The procedure was tested, without readaptation of parameter, on 17 other strong earthquake occurrences in North America, Japan, and Eurasia, most of which were in regions for which a TIP had been previously diagnosed. The localizing algorithm successfully outlined a region within which the subsequent earthquake occurred for 16 of these 17 strong earthquakes. The area of prediction in each case was reduced significantly, ranging between 7% and 25% of the total area covered by the TIP.
Local structure of Liquid-Vapour Interfaces
Maia Godonoga; Alex Malins; Jens Eggers; C. Patrick Royall
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The structure of a simple liquid may be characterised in terms of ground state clusters of small numbers of atoms of that same liquid. Here we use this sensitive structural probe to consider the effect of a liquid-vapour interface upon the liquid structure. At higher temperatures (above around half the critical temperature) we find that the predominant effect of the interface is to reduce the local density, which significantly suppresses the local cluster populations. At lower temperatures, however, pronounced interfacial layering is found. This appears to be connected with significant orientational ordering of clusters based on 3- and 5-membered rings, with the rings aligning perpendicular and parallel to the interface respectively. At all temperatures, we find that the population of five-fold symmetric structures is suppressed, rather than enhanced, close to the interface.
Tensor gauge field localization in branes
Tahim, M. O. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Ceara, C.P. 6030, 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceara (Brazil); Departamento de Ciencias da Natureza, Faculdade de Ciencias, Educacao e Letras do Sertao Central (FECLESC), Universidade Estadual do Ceara, 63900-000 Quixada, Ceara (Brazil); Cruz, W. T. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Ceara, C.P. 6030, 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceara (Brazil); Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica do Ceara (CEFETCE), Unidade Descentralizada de Juazeiro do Norte, 63040-000 Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara (Brazil); Almeida, C. A. S. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Ceara, C.P. 6030, 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceara (Brazil)
2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we study localization of a Kalb-Ramond tensorial gauge field on a membrane described by real scalar fields. The membrane is embedded in an AdS-type five-dimensional bulk space, which mimics a Randall-Sundrum scenario. First, we consider a membrane described by only a single real scalar field. In that scenario we find that there is no localized tensorial zero mode. When we take into account branes described by two real scalar fields with internal structures, we obtain again a nonlocalized zero mode for a Kalb-Ramond tensorial gauge field. After modifying our model of one single scalar field by coupling the dilaton to the Kalb-Ramond field, we find that this result is changed. Furthermore, we analyze Kaluza-Klein massive modes and resonance structures.
Segmented Nanowires Displaying Locally Controllable Properties
Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]
2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
The electrical, chemical, mechanical, and optical properties of nanostructures depend on their physical dimensions and chemical compositions. Current methods of forming nanowires rely on knowing the average values for these parameters. As a result, there is poor control over local properties of the nanowires, which may vary from spot to spot in an uncontrolled fashion. By using knowledge of the size-dependent phase diagram, the inventors have developed methods of controlling the properties...
Local temperature for dynamical black holes
Sean A. Hayward; R. Di Criscienzo; M. Nadalini; L. Vanzo; S. Zerbini
2008-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
A local Hawking temperature was recently derived for any future outer trapping horizon in spherical symmetry, using a Hamilton-Jacobi tunneling method, and is given by a dynamical surface gravity as defined geometrically. Descriptions are given of the operational meaning of the temperature, in terms of what observers measure, and its relation to the usual Hawking temperature for static black holes. Implications for the final fate of an evaporating black hole are discussed.
Stability of local quantum dissipative systems
Cubitt, Toby S.; Lucia, Angelo; Michalakis, Spyridon; Perez-Garcia, David
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
in the engineered Liouvillian itself. Once again, stability against local perturbations – this time for many-body Liouvillians rather than Hamiltonians – is of crucial importance. Indeed, in [53] the authors consider depolarizing noise acting on top of a dissipative... the canonical basis for Hx. Scalar product in Hx will be denoted by ??|??, and rank-one linear maps by |????|. For each finite subset ? ? ? , the associated Hilbert space is given by H? = ? x?? Hx, (1) and the algebra of observables supported on ? is defined...
State and Local Financial Relations in Texas.
Bradshaw, H. C.
1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
by the various auditing firms. There are a number of units, however, which have prepared specifications showing exactly what was to be done by any auditor who might be em- ployed. The first State Auditor also prepared specifications for a detailed audit... of the problem. This bulletin outlines the State and local relations growing out of the general laws respecting budgeting, assessing and collecting taxes, account- ing, auditing, public reporting, and the management of debts. In addi- tion, contributions...
Ultrashort pulse propagation and the Anderson localization
Silvia Gentilini; Andrea Fratalocchi; Luca Angelani; Giancarlo Ruocco; Claudio Conti
2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the dynamics of a 10 fs light pulse propagating in a random medium by the direct solution of the 3D Maxwell equations. Our approach employs molecular dynamics to generate a distribution of spherical scatterers and a parallel finite-difference time-domain code for the vectorial wave propagation. We calculate the disorder-averaged energy velocity and the decay time of the transmitted pulse Versus the localization length for an increasing refractive index.
Local semicircle law for random regular graphs
Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.
Complexity Classification of Local Hamiltonian Problems
Cubitt, Toby; Montanaro, Ashley
2015-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
constraint satisfaction problems. Index Terms—Hamiltonian complexity; QMA-completeness. I. INTRODUCTION Constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) are ubiquitous in computer science and have been intensively studied since the early days of complexity theory. A... Complexity classification of local Hamiltonian problems Toby Cubitt Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. tsc25@cam.ac.uk Ashley Montanaro Department of Computer Science, University...
Local Coastal Programs | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County, Pennsylvania: Energy ResourcesLithopolis, Ohio:Livonia, New York:sourceLocal Coastal
Local Loan Program | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County, Pennsylvania: Energy ResourcesLithopolis, Ohio:Livonia, NewLocal Loan Program Jump to:
Local Rebate Program | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County, Pennsylvania: Energy ResourcesLithopolis, Ohio:Livonia, NewLocal Loan Program Jump
Anholonomy and Geometrical Localization in Dynamical Systems
Radha Balakrishnan; Indubala Satija
2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
We characterize the geometrical and topological aspects of a dynamical system by associating a geometric phase with a phase space trajectory. Using the example of a nonlinear driven damped oscillator, we show that this phase is resilient to fluctuations, responds to all bifurcations in the system, and also finds new geometric transitions. Enriching the phase space description is a novel phenomenon of ``geometrical localization'' which manifests itself as a significant deviation from planar dynamics over a short time interval.
Energy localization in two chaotically coupled systems
Johan Gronqvist; Thomas Guhr
2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
We set up and analyze a random matrix model to study energy localization and its time behavior in two chaotically coupled systems. This investigation is prompted by a recent experimental and theoretical study of Weaver and Lobkis on coupled elastomechanical systems. Our random matrix model properly describes the main features of the findings by Weaver and Lobkis. Due to its general character, our model is also applicable to similar systems in other areas of physics -- for example, to chaotically coupled quantum dots.
Relativistic three-partite non-locality
Montakhab, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bell-like inequalities have been used in order to distinguish non-local quantum pure states by various authors. The behavior of such inequalities under Lorentz transformation has been a source of debate and controversies in the past. In this paper, we consider the two most commonly studied three-particle pure states, that of W and GHZ states which exhibit distinctly different type of entanglement. We discuss the various types of three-particle inequalities used in previous studies and point to their corresponding shortcomings and strengths. Our main result is that if one uses Svetlichny's inequality as the main measure of non-locality and uses the same angles in the rest frame ($S$) as well as the moving frame ($S^{\\prime}$), then maximally violated inequality in $S$ will decrease in the moving frame, and will eventually lead to lack of non-locality ( i.e. satisfaction of inequality) in the $v \\rightarrow c$ limit. This is shown for both GHZ and W states and in two different configurations which are commonly ...
Local asymptotic normality in quantum statistics
Madalin Guta; Anna Jencova
2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
The theory of local asymptotic normality for quantum statistical experiments is developed in the spirit of the classical result from mathematical statistics due to Le Cam. Roughly speaking, local asymptotic normality means that the family varphi_{\\theta_{0}+ u/\\sqrt{n}}^{n} consisting of joint states of n identically prepared quantum systems approaches in a statistical sense a family of Gaussian state phi_{u} of an algebra of canonical commutation relations. The convergence holds for all "local parameters" u\\in R^{m} such that theta=theta_{0}+ u/sqrt{n} parametrizes a neighborhood of a fixed point theta_{0}\\in Theta\\subset R^{m}. In order to prove the result we define weak and strong convergence of quantum statistical experiments which extend to the asymptotic framework the notion of quantum sufficiency introduces by Petz. Along the way we introduce the concept of canonical state of a statistical experiment, and investigate the relation between the two notions of convergence. For reader's convenience and completeness we review the relevant results of the classical as well as the quantum theory.
Does quantum mechanics require non-locality?
Ghenadie N. Mardari
2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
Non-commutative properties of single quanta must violate the limit of Bell's theorem, but not the boundary of Tsirelson's theorem. This is a consequence of three basic principles: superposition (every quantum is in many states at the same time), correspondence (only the net state of interference is real), and uncertainty (conjugate variables have inversely proportional spectra). The two conditions have only been verified with entangled pairs of quanta. It is not possible to perform incompatible measurements on the same entity. Hence, the principles of quantum mechanics cannot be verified directly. At least one of them could be wrong. Though, as shown by EPR, this can only be true if non-locality is at work. In light of the latest developments in quantum theory, even that assumption is insufficient. Non-local effects are either unable to cross Bell's limit, or forced to violate Tsirelson's bound. New layers of hidden variables are required to maintain belief in action-at-a-distance, but the three principles cannot be rejected in any case. Therefore, quantum mechanics is immune to this challenge. The hypothesis of non-locality is superfluous.
Local Energy Landscape in a Simple Liquid
Takuya Iwashita; Takeshi Egami
2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
It is difficult to relate the properties of liquids and glasses directly to their structure because of complexity in the structure which defies precise definition. The potential energy landscape (PEL) approach is a very insightful way to conceptualize the structure-property relationship in liquids and glasses, particularly on the effect of temperature and history. However, because of the highly multi-dimensional nature of the PEL it is hard to determine, or even visualize, the actual details of the energy landscape. In this article we introduce a modified concept of the local energy landscape (LEL) which is limited in phase space, and demonstrate its usefulness using molecular dynamics simulation on a simple liquid at high temperatures. The local energy landscape is given as a function of the local coordination number, the number of the nearest neighbor atoms. The excitations in the LEL corresponds to the so-called beta-relaxation process. The LEL offers a simple but useful starting point to discuss complex phenomena in liquids and glasses.
cfm Distributors, Inc. 1104 Union Avenue
US Army Corps of Engineers
wholesale distributor of Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration systems, components, supplies's historic West Bottoms (Central Industrial District). Our corporate headquarters serves as the nerve center the Armourdale and Central Industrial District Kansas and Missouri Units and modify the total project cost
Local distinguishability with preservation of entanglement
Scott M. Cohen
2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
I consider deterministic distinguishability of a set of orthogonal, bipartite states when only a single copy is available and the parties are restricted to local operations and classical communication, but with the additional requirement that entanglement must be preserved in the process. Several general theorems aimed at characterizing sets of states with which the parties can succeed in such a task are proven. These include (1) a maximum for the number of states when the Schmidt rank of every outcome must be at least a given minimum; (2) an upper bound (equal to the dimension of Hilbert space if entanglement need not be preserved) for the sum over Schmidt ranks of the initial states when only one-way classical communication is allowed; and (3) separately, a necessary and a sufficient condition on the states such that their original Schmidt ranks can always be preserved. It is shown that our bound on the sum of Schmidt ranks can be exceeded if two-way communication is permitted, and this includes the case that entanglement need not be preserved, so that this sum can exceed the dimension of Hilbert space. Such questions, concerning how the various results are effected by the resources used by the parties are addressed for each theorem. This subject is closely related to the problem of locally purifying an entangled state from a mixed state, which is of direct relevance to teleportation and dense coding using a mixed-state resource. In an appendix, I give an extremely simple and transparent proof of "non-locality without entanglement", a phenomenon originally discussed by Bennett and co-workers several years ago.
IBEW Local 1002 | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil, andEnergyEnvironmental Cleanup |1-iEnergy?of2/06 THU 10:35 FAXIBEW Local
Localization principle in SUSY gauge theories
Hosomichi, Kazuo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Localization principle is a powerful analytic tool in supersymmetric gauge theories which enables one to perform supersymmetric path integrals explicitly. Many important formulae have been obtained, and they led to a major breakthrough in the understanding of gauge theories at strong coupling as well as the dynamics of branes in M-theory. Some of those results are reviewed, focusing especially on Pestun's solution to four-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on S^4 and the subsequent developments on three or four-dimensional gauge theories on spheres.
Optimizing local protocols implementing nonlocal quantum gates
Scott M. Cohen
2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method of optimizing recently designed protocols for implementing an arbitrary nonlocal unitary gate acting on a bipartite system. These protocols use only local operations and classical communication with the assistance of entanglement, and are deterministic while also being "one-shot", in that they use only one copy of an entangled resource state. The optimization is in the sense of minimizing the amount of entanglement used, and it is often the case that less entanglement is needed than with an alternative protocol using two-way teleportation.
Localization on the Landscape and Eternal Inflation
Laura Mersini-Houghton; Malcolm J. Perry
2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the validity of the assertion that eternal inflation populates the landscape of string theory. We verify that bubble solutions do not satisfy the Klein Gordon equation for the landscape potential. Solutions to the landscape potential within the formalism of quantum cosmology are Anderson localized wavefunctions. Those are inconsistent with inflating bubble solutions. The physical reasons behind the failure of a relation between eternal inflation and the landscape are rooted in quantum phenomena such as interference between wavefunction concentrated around the various vacua in the landscape.
Localized Domains of Disoriented Chiral Condensates
B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; B. Mohanty; D. P. Mahapatra; Y. P. Viyogi
1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
A new method to search for localized domains of disoriented chiral condensates (DCC) has been proposed by utilising the (eta-phi) phase space distributions of charged particles and photons. Using the discrete wavelet transformation (DWT) analysis technique, it has been found that the presence of DCC domains broadens the distribution of wavelet coefficients in comparison to that of normal events. Strength contours have been derived from the differences in rms deviations of these distributions by taking into account the size of DCC domains and the probability of DCC production in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. This technique can be suitably adopted to experiments measuring multiplicities of charged particles and photons.
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Chapter 52.1, Local Contract Clauses
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfService on theFossil EnergyChairman's Overview Chairman's4 Transmission Adequacy2.1, Local
Statistical density modification using local pattern matching
Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistical density modification can make use of local patterns of density found in protein structures to improve crystallographic phases. A method for improving crystallographic phases is presented that is based on the preferential occurrence of certain local patterns of electron density in macromolecular electron-density maps. The method focuses on the relationship between the value of electron density at a point in the map and the pattern of density surrounding this point. Patterns of density that can be superimposed by rotation about the central point are considered equivalent. Standard templates are created from experimental or model electron-density maps by clustering and averaging local patterns of electron density. The clustering is based on correlation coefficients after rotation to maximize the correlation. Experimental or model maps are also used to create histograms relating the value of electron density at the central point to the correlation coefficient of the density surrounding this point with each member of the set of standard patterns. These histograms are then used to estimate the electron density at each point in a new experimental electron-density map using the pattern of electron density at points surrounding that point and the correlation coefficient of this density to each of the set of standard templates, again after rotation to maximize the correlation. The method is strengthened by excluding any information from the point in question from both the templates and the local pattern of density in the calculation. A function based on the origin of the Patterson function is used to remove information about the electron density at the point in question from nearby electron density. This allows an estimation of the electron density at each point in a map, using only information from other points in the process. The resulting estimates of electron density are shown to have errors that are nearly independent of the errors in the original map using model data and templates calculated at a resolution of 2.6 Ĺ. Owing to this independence of errors, information from the new map can be combined in a simple fashion with information from the original map to create an improved map. An iterative phase-improvement process using this approach and other applications of the image-reconstruction method are described and applied to experimental data at resolutions ranging from 2.4 to 2.8 Ĺ.
Climate change and trans-local solidarities Paul Routledge
Guo, Zaoyang
Climate change and trans-local solidarities Paul Routledge Paul.Routledge@ges.gla.ac.uk This project will consider local responses and adaptations to climate change across a range of different sites
Essays on the economics of local labor markets
Notowidigdo, Matt, 1981-
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis studies the economics of local labor markets. There are three chapters in the thesis, and each chapter studies how economic outcomes are affected by local labor market conditions. The first chapter studies the ...
Localization at low energies for attractive Poisson random Schrödinger operators
François Germinet; Peter D. Hislop; Abel Klein
2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We prove exponential and dynamical localization at low energies for the Schr\\"odinger operator with an attractive Poisson random potential in any dimension. We also conclude that the eigenvalues in that spectral region of localization have finite multiplicity.
Three essays in the economics of local public goods
Lutz, Byron F
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on the economics of local public goods. Chapter One examines the marginal propensity of local governments to spend out of lump- sum grant income. Economic theory predicts ...
Localization with witnesses Arun Saha and Mart Molle
Molle, Mart
Localization with witnesses Arun Saha and Mart Molle Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of California, Riverside Riverside, CA, 92521, USA saha, martˇ @cs.ucr.edu Abstract Localization
Optimal Path Generation for Monocular Simultaneous Localization and Mapping
Roorda, Timothy Isaac
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monocular Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (MonoSLAM), a derivative of Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM), is a navigation method for autonomous vehicles that uses only an inertial measurement unit and a camera to map the environment...
LATINO DESCRIPTIVE REPRESENTATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC OFFICE IN TEXAS
Holstein, Carlos 1983-
2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
the context of the current immigration debate which places local law enforcement agencies, including sheriff departments and their deputies, at the center of many local immigrant policy responses. Utilizing election records and population statistics generated...
Optimal Path Generation for Monocular Simultaneous Localization and Mapping
Roorda, Timothy Isaac
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monocular Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (MonoSLAM), a derivative of Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM), is a navigation method for autonomous vehicles that uses only an inertial measurement unit and a camera to map the environment...
Local Promise for Climate Mitigation: An Empirical Assessment
Feiock, Richard C.; Outka, Uma
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This interdisciplinary work contributes empirical grounding to the growing literature in law and public policy on local governments and climate mitigation. Much of the recent scholarship presents an optimistic view of the potential in local climate...
INSTANTANEOUS DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION AND LOCALIZATION THROUGH SPARSE LASER ULTRASONIC SCANNING
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
INSTANTANEOUS DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION AND LOCALIZATION THROUGH SPARSE LASER ULTRASONIC SCANNING This study proposes an instantaneous damage identification and localization technique through sparse laser ultrasonic signals are obtained, a damage index (DI) representing the violation of the linear reciprocity
Charged Local Defects in Extended Systems
Schultz, Peter A.
1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
The conventional approach to treating charged defects in extended systems in first principles calculations is via the supercell approximation using a neutralizing jellium background charge. I explicitly demonstrate shortcomings of this standard approach and discuss the consequences. Errors in the electrostatic potential surface over the volume of a supercell are shown to be comparable to a band gap energy in semiconductor materials, for cell sizes typically used in first principles simulations. I present an alternate method for eliminating the divergence of the Coulomb potential in supercell calculations of charged defects in extended systems that embodies a correct treatment of the electrostatic potential in the local viciniq of the a charged defect, via a mixed boundary condition approach. I present results of first principles calculations of charged vacancies in NaCl that illustrate the importance of polarization effects once an accurate representation of the local potential is obtained. These polarization effects, poorly captured in small supercells, also impact the energetic on the scale of typical band gap energies.
Incoherent Control of Locally Controllable Quantum Systems
Daoyi Dong; Chenbin Zhang; Herschel Rabitz; Alexander Pechen; Tzyh-Jong Tarn
2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
An incoherent control scheme for state control of locally controllable quantum systems is proposed. This scheme includes three steps: (1) amplitude amplification of the initial state by a suitable unitary transformation, (2) projective measurement on the amplified state, and (3) final optimization by a unitary controlled transformation. The first step increases the amplitudes of some desired eigenstates and the corresponding probability of observing these eigenstates, the second step projects, with high probability, the amplified state into a desired eigenstate, and the last step steers this eigenstate into the target state. Within this scheme, two control algorithms are presented for two classes of quantum systems. As an example, the incoherent control scheme is applied to the control of a hydrogen atom by an external field. The results support the suggestion that projective measurements can serve as an effective control and local controllability information can be used to design control laws for quantum systems. Thus, this scheme establishes a subtle connection between control design and controllability analysis of quantum systems and provides an effective engineering approach for controlling quantum systems with partial controllability information.
Star Formation Histories in the Local Group
Thomas M. Brown
2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
Deep color magnitude diagrams extending to the main sequence provide the most direct measure of the detailed star formation history in a stellar population. With large investments of observing time, HST can obtain such data for populations out to 1 Mpc, but its field of view is extremely small in comparison to the size of Local Group galaxies. This limitation severely constrains our understanding of galaxy formation. For example, the largest galaxy in the Local Group, Andromeda, offers an ideal laboratory for studying the formation of large spiral galaxies, but the galaxy shows substructure on a variety of scales, presumably due to its violent merger history. Within its remaining lifetime, HST can only sample a few sight-lines through this complex galaxy. In contrast, a wide field imager could provide a map of Andromeda's halo, outer disk, and tidal streams, revealing the spatially-dependent star formation history in each structure. The same data would enable many secondary studies, such as the age variation in Andromeda's globular cluster system, gigantic samples of variable stars, and microlensing tracers of the galaxy's dark matter distribution.
Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy
A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov
2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.
Multi-Scale Jacobi Method for Anderson Localization
John Z. Imbrie
2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
A new KAM-style proof of Anderson localization is obtained. A sequence of local rotations is defined, such that off-diagonal matrix elements of the Hamiltonian are driven rapidly to zero. This leads to the first proof via multi-scale analysis of exponential decay of the eigenfunction correlator (this implies strong dynamical localization). The method has been used in recent work on many-body localization [arXiv:1403.7837].
Local Government Innovation: A Policy Analysis of Stormwater Credit and
Local Government Innovation: A Policy Analysis of Stormwater Credit and Incentive Program of Thesis: Local Government Innovation: A Policy Analysis of Stormwater Credit and Incentive Program stormwater infrastructure on private lands. Using a case study approach and interviews with local government
Local Fourier analysis for staggered systems of PDEs
MacLachlan, Scott
Local Fourier analysis for staggered systems of PDEs Scott MacLachlan scott.maclachlan@tufts.edu Tufts University and Kees Oosterlee TU-Delft and CWI April 10, 2008 Local Fourier analysis for staggered of complementary processes Â· Relaxation Â· Coarse-grid correction Local Fourier analysis for staggered systems
CONSTRUCTIVE AND LOCAL SEARCH HEURISTIC TECHNIQUES FOR FPGA PLACEMENT
Areibi, Shawki M
CONSTRUCTIVE AND LOCAL SEARCH HEURISTIC TECHNIQUES FOR FPGA PLACEMENT Xiaojun Bao and Shawki Areibi that significantly reduce the amount of computa- tion time required to achieve acceptable-quality placements algorithm is an enhancement of local search and is implemented as a Simple Local Search (SLS) and Immediate
A Dichotomy for Local Small-Bias Generators Benny Applebaum
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
by the discovery that, under widely accepted cryptographic assumptions, local functions can achieve rich formsA Dichotomy for Local Small-Bias Generators Benny Applebaum Andrej Bogdanov Alon Rosen September 17 measure of pseudorandomness for local functions with large stretch. We do so by demonstrating
Vertical Protection Levels for a Local Airport Monitor for WAAS
Stanford University
they provide acceptable availability, even for a VAL of 10 m. INTRODUCTION The Local Airport Monitor (LAMVertical Protection Levels for a Local Airport Monitor for WAAS Jason Rife, Sam Pullen, Todd Walter development costs for the Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) have motivated the investigation
Fast Computation of Local Correlation Coefficients on Graphics Processing Units
Pitsianis, Nikos P.
Fast Computation of Local Correlation Coefficients on Graphics Processing Units Georgios and architectural means, for fast calcula- tion of local correlation coefficients, which is a basic image the use of multi-dimensional fast Fourier transforms, without losing or sacrificing local and non
Efficient Verification of the PCI Local Bus using Boolean Satisfiability
Aloul, Fadi
IWLS'00 Page 1 Efficient Verification of the PCI Local Bus using Boolean Satisfiability Fadi A is to study the application of Boolean Satisfiability to the verification of the PCI Local Bus. The novel such as achieving high speed testing. To demonstrate how our method works, we have modeled the PCI Local Bus
Final Independent External Peer Review Report Manhattan, Kansas, Local Protection
US Army Corps of Engineers
and the local project sponsor (City of Manhattan, Kansas) have conducted a feasibility study of the existing local protection project, which serves a highly developed area around downtown Manhattan, Kansas Rivers. The City of Manhattan, Kansas owns and operates the Manhattan, Kansas local protection project
A KNOWLEDGE-BASED APPROACH TO PROTEIN LOCAL STRUCTURE PREDICTION*
Wong, Limsoon
prediction method that assigns a measure called the local match rate to each position of an amino acid its amino acid sequence. Local structure prediction helps improve the per- formance of both profile@iis.sinica.edu.tw 1 #12;structures, predicting protein local structures from amino acid sequences is much more
Sustainable feeding systems based on the use of local resources
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Sustainable feeding systems based on the use of local resources PP Roggero S Bellon M Rosales3 1 of organisation and planning of the use of renewable local resources. The multiple use of a specific feed resource considered as examples of diversification and exploitation of local resources. The integration
Sequence-Based Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
Krishnamachari, Bhaskar
Sequence-Based Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks Kiran Yedavalli and Bhaskar Krishnamachari Abstract--We introduce a novel sequence-based localization technique for wireless sensor networks. We show that the localization space can be divided into distinct regions that can each be uniquely identified by sequences
Non-Locality Distillation is Impossible for Isotropic Quantum Systems
Dejan D. Dukaric
2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
Non-locality is a powerful resource for various communication and information theoretic tasks, e.g., to establish a secret key between two parties, or to reduce the communication complexity of distributed computing. Typically, the more non-local a system is, the more useful it is as a resource for such tasks. We address the issue of non-locality distillation, i.e., whether it is possible to create a strongly non-local system by local operations on several weakly non-local ones. More specifically, we consider a setting where non-local systems can be realized via measurements on underlying shared quantum states. The hardest instances for non-locality distillation are the isotropic quantum systems: if a certain isotropic system can be distilled, then all systems of the same non-locality can be distilled as well. The main result of this paper is that non-locality cannot be distilled from such isotropic quantum systems. Our results are based on the theory of cross norms defined over the tensor product of certain Banach spaces. In particular, we introduce a single-parameter family of cross norms, which is used to construct a hierarchy of convex sets that are closed under local operations. This hierarchy interpolates between the set of local systems and an approximation to the set of quantum systems.
CONSCIOUS CONSUMER RESISTANCE? LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD NETWORKS VERSUS
Bateman, Ian J.
CONSCIOUS CONSUMER RESISTANCE? LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD NETWORKS VERSUS THE SUPERMARKETS by Gill Seyfang CSERGE Working Paper EDM 06-14 #12;Conscious Consumer Resistance? Local Organic Food Networks Versus mainstream supermarkets. Research findings are presented from a survey of customers of a local organic food
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Air Quality Factsheet environmental health. · Indoorairqualityatspecializedplaces,suchasschoolsorindoorpools,shouldbe monitoredaswell. Board of Health ActionsProtectionAgency.IndoorAirQuality.Availableatwww.epa.gov/iaq/ · NationalAssociationofLocalBoardsofHealth.(2011).AirQuality.InThe Local Board of Health Environmental Health
Postgraduate Studentship MA in English Local History and Family History
Banaji,. Murad
Postgraduate Studentship MA in English Local History and Family History The Thaxted Society (www.thaxted.co.uk) would like to sponsor a student to undertake the MA degree in English Local History and Family History in the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester. The student will undertake the usual
Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for Local Green Building Ordinances in Climate Zone 6, 12 Standards. The energy requirements of a local green building ordinance are not legally enforceable untilCodes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances Title: Climate Zone 6 Energy Cost
Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks
Wang, Yu
Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks Yu Wang, Senior Member the energy efficiency of routes in multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized Localized Energy-Aware Restricted Neighborhood routing (LEARN), which can guarantee the energy efficiency
A Guide on Local Agriculture for Houstonians Sarita Panchang
Richards-Kortum, Rebecca
prices, and often meet other local organizations or farmers who are showcasing their own food work around and support local growers, so you go to the grocery store and start examining produce. Local. Organic find the people who grew the food and ask them yourself. Though purchasing food that was produced
Shockley, Bethany L
2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
. Lastly, I consider representation from the citizen’s point of view. Using data from 18 countries in Latin America and two samples of counties in Ecuador, I test the impact of participation on citizen evaluations of local government. I find...
The local Poisson hypothesis for solar flares
M. S. Wheatland
2001-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
The question of whether flares occur as a Poisson process has important consequences for flare physics. Recently Lepreti et al. presented evidence for local departure from Poisson statistics in the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) X-ray flare catalog. Here it is argued that this effect arises from a selection effect inherent in the soft X-ray observations; namely that the slow decay of enhanced flux following a large flare makes detection of subsequent flares less likely. It is also shown that the power-law tail of the GOES waiting-time distribution varies with the solar cycle. This counts against any intrinsic significance to the appearance of a power law, or to the value of its index.
Local momentum space and the vector field
David J. Toms
2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
The local momentum space expansion for the real vector field is considered. Using Riemann normal coordinates we obtain an expansion of the Feynman Green function up and including terms that are quadratic in the curvature. The results are valid for a non-minimal operator such as that arising from a general Feynman type gauge fixing condition. The result is used to derive the first three terms in the asymptotic expansion for the coincidence limit of the heat kernel without taking the trace, thus obtaining the untraced heat kernel coefficients. The spacetime dimension is kept general before specializing to four dimensions for comparison with previously known results. As a further application we re-examine the anomalous trace of the stress-energy-momentum tensor for the Maxwell field and comment on the gauge dependence.
Segmented nanowires displaying locally controllable properties
Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner
2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.
Understanding water's anomalies with locally favored structures
Russo, John
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Water is a complex structured liquid of hydrogen-bonded molecules that displays a surprising array of unusual properties, also known as water anomalies, the most famous being the density maximum at about $4^\\circ$C. The origin of these anomalies is still a matter of debate, and so far a quantitative description of water's phase behavior starting from the molecular arrangements is still missing. Here we provide a simple physical description from microscopic data obtained through computer simulations. We introduce a novel structural order parameter, which quantifies the degree of translational order of the second shell, and show that this parameter alone, which measures the amount of locally favored structures, accurately characterizes the state of water. A two-state modeling of these microscopic structures is used to describe the behavior of liquid water over a wide region of the phase diagram, correctly identifying the density and compressibility anomalies, and being compatible with the existence of a second ...
A Localization Method for the Internet of Things
Chen, Zhikui; Huang, Tao; Bu, Fanyu; Wang, Haozhe
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many localization algorithms and systems have been developed by means of wireless sensor networks for both indoor and outdoor environments. To achieve higher localization accuracy, extra hardware equipments are utilized by most of the existing localization solutions, which increase the cost and considerably limit the location-based applications. The Internet of Things (IOT) integrates many technologies, such as Internet, Zigbee, Bluetooth, infrared, WiFi, GPRS, 3G, etc, which can enable different ways to obtain the location information of various objects. Location-based service is a primary service of the IOT, while localization accuracy is a key issue. In this paper, a higher accuracy localization scheme is proposed which can effectively satisfy diverse requirements for many indoor and outdoor location services. The proposed scheme composes of two phases: 1) partition phase, in which the target region is split into small grids; 2) localization refinement phase, in which a higher accuracy of localization can ...
Understanding shape entropy through local dense packing
Greg van Anders; Daphne Klotsa; N. Khalid Ahmed; Michael Engel; Sharon C. Glotzer
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
Entropy drives the phase behavior of colloids ranging from dense suspensions of hard spheres or rods to dilute suspensions of hard spheres and depletants. Entropic ordering of anisotropic shapes into complex crystals, liquid crystals, and even quasicrystals has been demonstrated recently in computer simulations and experiments. The ordering of shapes appears to arise from the emergence of directional entropic forces (DEFs) that align neighboring particles, but these forces have been neither rigorously defined nor quantified in generic systems. Here, we show quantitatively that shape drives the phase behavior of systems of anisotropic particles upon crowding through DEFs. We define DEFs in generic systems, and compute them for several hard particle systems. We show that they are on the order of a few kT at the onset of ordering, placing DEFs on par with traditional depletion, van der Waals, and other intrinsic interactions. In experimental systems with these other interactions, we provide direct quantitative evidence that entropic effects of shape also contribute to self-assembly. We use DEFs to draw a distinction between self-assembly and packing behavior. We show that the mechanism that generates directional entropic forces is the maximization of entropy by optimizing local particle packing. We show that this mechanism occurs in a wide class of systems, and we treat, in a unified way, the entropy-driven phase behavior of arbitrary shapes incorporating the well-known works of Kirkwood, Onsager, and Asakura and Oosawa.
The Local Interstellar Ultraviolet Radiation Field
Richard Conn Henry
2002-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
I have used the Hipparcos Input Catalog, together with Kurucz model stellar atmospheres, and information on the strength of the interstellar extinction, to create a model of the expected intensity and spectral distribution of the local interstellar ultraviolet radiation field, under various assumptions concerning the albedo a of the interstellar grains. (This ultraviolet radiation field is of particular interest because of the fact that ultraviolet radiation is capable of profoundly affecting the chemistry of the interstellar medium.) By comparing my models with the observations, I am able to conclude that the albedo a of the interstellar grains in the far ultraviolet is very low, perhaps a = 0.1. I also advance arguments that my present determination of this albedo is much more reliable than any of the many previous (and conflicting) ultraviolet interstellar grain albedo determinations. Beyond this, I show that the ultraviolet background radiation that is observed at high galactic latitudes must be extragalactic in origin, as it cannot be backscatter of the interstellar radiation field.
Aspects of locally covariant quantum field theory
Ko Sanders
2008-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis considers various aspects of locally covariant quantum field theory (LCQFT; see Brunetti et al., Commun.Math.Phys. 237 (2003), 31-68), a mathematical framework to describe axiomatic quantum field theories in curved spacetimes. New results include: a philosophical interpretation of certain aspects of this framework in terms of modal logic; a proof that the truncated n-point functions of any Hadamard state of the free real scalar field are smooth, except for n=2; a description of he free Dirac field in a representation independent way, showing that the theory is determined entirely by the relations between the adjoint map, the charge conjugation map and the Dirac operator; a proof that the relative Cauchy evolution of the free Dirac field is related to its stress-energy-momentum tensor in the same way as for the free real scalar field (cf. loc.cit.); several results on the Reeh-Schlieder property in LCQFT, including but not limited to those of our earlier paper; a new and elegant approach to wave front sets of Banach space-valued distributions, which allows easy proofs and extensions of results in the literature.
Dual mode stereotactic localization method and application
Keppel, Cynthia E. (Norfolk, VA); Barbosa, Fernando Jorge (Newport News, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The invention described herein combines the structural digital X-ray image provided by conventional stereotactic core biopsy instruments with the additional functional metabolic gamma imaging obtained with a dedicated compact gamma imaging mini-camera. Before the procedure, the patient is injected with an appropriate radiopharmaceutical. The radiopharmaceutical uptake distribution within the breast under compression in a conventional examination table expressed by the intensity of gamma emissions is obtained for comparison (co-registration) with the digital mammography (X-ray) image. This dual modality mode of operation greatly increases the functionality of existing stereotactic biopsy devices by yielding a much smaller number of false positives than would be produced using X-ray images alone. The ability to obtain both the X-ray mammographic image and the nuclear-based medicine gamma image using a single device is made possible largely through the use of a novel, small and movable gamma imaging camera that permits its incorporation into the same table or system as that currently utilized to obtain X-ray based mammographic images for localization of lesions.
Edge-localized-modes in tokamaks
Leonard, A. W. [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Edge-localized-modes (ELMs) are a ubiquitous feature of H-mode in tokamaks. When gradients in the H-mode transport barrier grow to exceed the MHD stability limit the ELM instability grows explosively, rapidly transporting energy and particles onto open field lines and material surfaces. Though ELMs provide additional particle and impurity transport through the H-mode transport barrier, enabling steady operation, the resulting heat flux transients to plasma facing surfaces project to large amplitude in future low collisionality burning plasma tokamaks. Measurements of the ELM heat flux deposition onto material surfaces in the divertor and main chamber indicate significant broadening compared to inter-ELM heat flux, with a timescale for energy deposition that is consistent with sonic ion flow and numerical simulation. Comprehensive ELM simulation is highlighting the important physics processes of ELM transport including parallel transport due to magnetic reconnection and turbulence resulting from collapse of the H-mode transport barrier. Encouraging prospects for ELM control and/or suppression in future tokamaks include intrinsic modes of ELM free operation, ELM triggering with frequent small pellet injection and the application of 3D magnetic fields.
The local potential approximation in quantum gravity
Dario Benedetti; Francesco Caravelli
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
Within the context of the functional renormalization group flow of gravity, we suggest that a generic f(R) ansatz (i.e. not truncated to any specific form, polynomial or not) for the effective action plays a role analogous to the local potential approximation (LPA) in scalar field theory. In the same spirit of the LPA, we derive and study an ordinary differential equation for f(R) to be satisfied by a fixed point of the renormalization group flow. As a first step in trying to assess the existence of global solutions (i.e. true fixed point) for such equation, we investigate here the properties of its solutions by a comparison of various series expansions and numerical integrations. In particular, we study the analyticity conditions required because of the presence of fixed singularities in the equation, and we develop an expansion of the solutions for large R up to order N=29. Studying the convergence of the fixed points of the truncated solutions with respect to N, we find a characteristic pattern for the location of the fixed points in the complex plane, with one point stemming out for its stability. Finally, we establish that if a non-Gaussian fixed point exists within the full f(R) approximation, it corresponds to an R^2 theory.
Local Group surveys for Planetary Nebulae
Laura Magrini
2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Local Group (LG) represents the best environment to study in detail the PN population in a large number of morphological types of galaxies. The closeness of the LG galaxies allows to investigate the faintest side of the PN luminosity function and to detect PNe also in the less luminous galaxies, the dwarf galaxies, where a small number of them is expected. A review of the results of the most recent imaging surveys in the LG is presented. Some applications of the surveys for PNe to the study of the star formation history of the host galaxies are analyzed. In addition, these new observational data are an invaluable resource for follow-up spectroscopy to derive the chemical properties of not only PNe, but also other important emission-line sources like HII regions. These are fundamental tools for the discussion of the chemical evolution of the host galaxies, mapping the history of their chemical enrichment at different epochs. The latest results on this subject are presented.
Local gauge theory and coarse graining
Jose A. Zapata
2012-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
Within the discrete gauge theory which is the basis of spin foam models, the problem of macroscopically faithful coarse graining is studied. Macroscopic data is identified; it contains the holonomy evaluation along a discrete set of loops and the homotopy classes of certain maps. When two configurations share this data they are related by a local deformation. The interpretation is that such configurations differ by "microscopic details". In many cases the homotopy type of the relevant maps is trivial for every connection; two important cases in which the homotopy data is composed by a set of integer numbers are: (i) a two dimensional base manifold and structure group U(1), (ii) a four dimensional base manifold and structure group SU(2). These cases are relevant for spin foam models of two dimensional gravity and four dimensional gravity respectively. This result suggests that if spin foam models for two-dimensional and four-dimensional gravity are modified to include all the relevant macroscopic degrees of freedom -the complete collection of macroscopic variables necessary to ensure faithful coarse graining-, then they could provide appropriate effective theories at a given scale.
Quantum reading under a local energy constraint
Gaetana Spedalieri; Cosmo Lupo; Stefano Mancini; Samuel L. Braunstein; Stefano Pirandola
2015-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Nonclassical states of light play a central role in many quantum information protocols. Their quantum features have been exploited to improve the readout of information from digital memories, modelled as arrays of microscopic beam splitters [S. Pirandola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 090504 (2011)]. In this model of quantum reading, a nonclassical source of light with Einstein-Podolski-Rosen correlations has been proven to retrieve more information than any classical source. In particular, the quantum-classical comparison has been performed under a global energy constraint, i.e., by fixing the mean total number of photons irradiated over each memory cell. In this paper we provide an alternative analysis which is based on a local energy constraint, meaning that we fix the mean number of photons per signal mode irradiated over the memory cell. Under this assumption, we investigate the critical number of signal modes after which a nonclassical source of light is able to beat any classical source irradiating the same number of signals.
Flow localization in sheet specimens with pairs of holes
Geltmacher, A.B. [FM Technologies, Fairfax, VA (United States); Koss, D.A. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Metals Science and Engineering; Stout, M.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Matic, P. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States). Mechanics of Materials Dept.
1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The deformation localization behavior of sheet specimens containing geometric perturbations in the form of pairs of through-thickness holes is examined. Both experiments and computational modeling are performed in either uniaxial or equal-biaxial tension in order to examine the effect of applied loading path on the far-field strain needed to initiate localized necking in the ligament between the hole pairs. The models also examine the influence of hole spacing and matrix strain hardening on ligament localization. The far-field strain needed to cause the localization of the ligament is shown to increase as the biaxiality of the loading path increases, the hole spacing increases, and the strain-hardening exponent increases. The present study also indicates that the onset of localized necking can be predicted by employing the Hill criterion, if the local strain states within the ligament are taken into account.
Analyzing many-body localization with a quantum computer
Bela Bauer; Chetan Nayak
2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
Many-body localization, the persistence against electron-electron interactions of the localization of states with non-zero excitation energy density, poses a challenge to current methods of theoretical and numerical analysis. Numerical simulations have so far been limited to a small number of sites, making it difficult to obtain reliable statements about the thermodynamic limit. In this paper, we explore the ways in which a relatively small quantum computer could be leveraged to study many-body localization. We show that, in addition to studying time-evolution, a quantum computer can, in polynomial time, obtain eigenstates at arbitrary energies to sufficient accuracy that localization can be observed. The limitations of quantum measurement, which preclude the possibility of directly obtaining the entanglement entropy, make it difficult to apply some of the definitions of many-body localization used in the recent literature. We discuss alternative tests of localization that can be implemented on a quantum computer.
WOCESSORS MOD DISTRIBUTORS OF REFIBED SOURCB MATWIAL
Office of Legacy Management (LM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalytic Co - PA 40 FUSRAPChupadera MesaFR0t-k 5: 'WOCESSORS MOD DISTRIBUTORS OF REFIBED
Effect of local filtering on Freezing Phenomena of Quantum Correlation
Sumana Karmakar; Ajoy Sen; Amit Bhar; Debasis Sarkar
2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
General quantum correlations measures like quantum discord, one norm geometric quantum discord, exhibit freezing, sudden change, double sudden change behavior in their decay rates under different noisy channels. Therefore, one may attempt to investigate how the freezing behavior and other dynamical features are affected under application of local quantum operations. In this work, we demonstrate the effect of local filtering on the dynamical evolution of quantum correlations. We have found that using local filtering one may remove freezing depending upon the filtering parameter.
State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review...
State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials ...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Chris Wagner, National Association of...
Local Leaders: Prepare for an Energy Emergency | Department of...
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Identify local energy providers-These may include the ownersoperators of power plants, electric transmission and distribution lines, natural gas, crude oil, and petroleum...
THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over
Local Option - Contractual Assessments for Renewable Energy and...
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locally State Illinois Program Type PACE Financing Summary Note: In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and...
Local Option - Energy-Efficiency Improvement Loans | Department...
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locally State Wisconsin Program Type PACE Financing Summary Note: In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and...
Local Option - Clean Energy Loan Program | Department of Energy
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locally State Maryland Program Type PACE Financing Summary Note: In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and...
Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and...
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locally State Colorado Program Type PACE Financing Summary Note: In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and...
Local Content Requirements in British Columbia's Wind Power Industry
Pedersen, Tom
Local Content Requirements in British Columbia's Wind Power Industry May Hao, Matt Mackenzie, Alex..................................................................................8 4.1 Current Wind Power Projects
Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric...
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Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and...
New Atomic Force Microscope Spectroscopy Probes Local Elasticity...
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Materials Characterization New Atomic Force Microscope Spectroscopy Probes Local Elasticity March 04, 2015 Shown is a contact resonance frequency image after nano-oxidation of a...
Colorado/Transmission/Local Regulations | Open Energy Information
law, Colorado counties and municipalities are given broad authority to plan for and regulate the use of land within their jurisdictions.1 State statutes give local governments...
Overview of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
costs - Localized system reliability - Environmental and public health costs of GHGs and air pollution - National energy security and independence * Cost-effective EE can play a...
Local Scouts Train with Hanford Safety Experts - 52 Boy Scouts...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Squeeze, Sweep, or PASS, fire extinguishing technique at the Volpentest HAMMER Training & Education Center in Richland. Hanford workers volunteered to educate local Boy Scouts...
Local FIRST robotics teams dominate regionals, advance to world...
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2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE News Feature Local FIRST robotics teams dominate regionals, advance to world championship UT-Battelle continues third...
Spurring Local Economic Development with Clean Energy Investments
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Spurring Local Economic Development with Clean Energy Investments.
Recovery Act: Local Energy Assurance Planning Initiatives | Department...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
will help ensure local governments can recover and restore power quickly following any energy supply disruptions. PRESS RELEASES February 19, 2010 Secretary Chu Announces Over...
Secretary Chu Announces Over $8 Million to Support Local Energy...
will help ensure local governments can recover and restore power quickly following any energy supply disruptions. "These awards will help communities plan for quick, effective...
Theory of Semidefinite Programming for Sensor Network Localization
Anthony So
2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 28, 2006 ... Theory of Semidefinite Programming for Sensor Network Localization. Anthony So (manchoso ***at*** cs.stanford.edu) Yinyu Ye (yinyu-ye ...
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Risk Assessment Factsheet environmental health Background · Localpublichealthprotectionrequiresidentifyingandprioritizingneedsthroughrisk.Environmentalandhealthdepartmentofficialsshould developcommunity-specificcriteriaforconductingtheriskmanagementphaseof hazardandriskreduction. Board of Health
A Characterization Theorem for Local Operators in Factorizing Scattering Models
Daniela Cadamuro
2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
In quantum field theory, the rigorous construction of local observables in the presence of nontrivial interaction is a crucial problem. In a class of integrable quantum field theories, a very abstract existence proof has recently been given by Lechner. We give an explicit characterization of these local observables in terms of the properties of the coefficient functions in an expansion by interacting creators and annihilators. Some results on the operator domains of these local observables are given. Using these, we constructed explicit examples of local observables in the quantum Ising model.
Skeletal muscle biomechanics drives intramuscular transport of locally delivered drugs
Wu, Peter I-Kung
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Introduction: Effective local drug delivery to contractile tissues such as skeletal muscle requires a thorough understanding of the impact of mechanical loads on intramuscular pharmacokinetics. Current preparations for ...
State and Local Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Isaac Elencave, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance View the Presentation State and Local Code...
Cubic-based 3-D Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks
Shwe, Hnin Yu; Chong, Peter HJ
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scheme in Stereo Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Advances infor mobile wireless sensor networks," Ad Hoc Networks, vol.and B. D. O. Anderson, "Wireless sensor network localization
Hydrogen local vibrational modes in semiconductors
McCluskey, M D [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Following, a review of experimental techniques, theory, and previous work, the results of local vibrational mode (LVM) spectroscopy on hydrogen-related complexes in several different semiconductors are discussed. Hydrogen is introduced either by annealing in a hydrogen ambient. exposure to a hydrogen plasma, or during growth. The hydrogen passivates donors and acceptors in semiconductors, forming neutral complexes. When deuterium is substituted for hydrogen. the frequency of the LVM decreases by approximately the square root of two. By varying the temperature and pressure of the samples, the microscopic structures of hydrogen-related complexes are determined. For group II acceptor-hydrogen complexes in GaAs, InP, and GaP, hydrogen binds to the host anion in a bond-centered orientation, along the [111] direction, adjacent to the acceptor. The temperature dependent shift of the LVMs are proportional to the lattice thermal energy U(T), a consequence of anharmonic coupling between the LVM and acoustical phonons. In the wide band gap semiconductor ZnSe, epilayers grown by metalorganic chemical vapor phase epitaxy (MOCVD) and doped with As form As-H complexes. The hydrogen assumes a bond-centered orientation, adjacent to a host Zn. In AlSb, the DX centers Se and Te are passivated by hydrogen. The second, third, and fourth harmonics of the wag modes are observed. Although the Se-D complex has only one stretch mode, the Se-H stretch mode splits into three peaks. The anomalous splitting is explained by a new interaction between the stretch LVM and multi-phonon modes of the lattice. As the temperature or pressure is varied, and anti-crossing is observed between LVM and phonon modes.
Local implementations of non-local quantum gates in linear entangled channel
Debashis Saha; Sanket Nandan; Prasanta K. Panigrahi
2014-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we demonstrate n-party controlled unitary gate implementations locally on arbitrary remote state through linear entangled channel where control parties share entanglement with the adjacent control parties and only one of them shares entanglement with the target party. In such a network, we describe the protocol of simultaneous implementation of controlled-Hermitian gate starting from three party scenario. We also explicate the implementation of three party controlled-Unitary gate, a generalized form of To?oli gate and subsequently generalize the protocol for n-party using minimal cost.
Control of the microclimate around the head with opposing jet local ventilation
Liu, Chonghui; Higuchi, Hiroshi; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui Ph.D
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of opposing jet local ventilation. AIAA 2009 Region I-NEHead with Opposing Jet Local Ventilation Chonghui Liu 1,* ,
A Library for Locally Weighted Projection Regression --Supplementary Documentation --
problems: · The function to be learnt is non-linear. Otherwise having multiple local models is a waste of resources, and you should rather use ordinary linear regression, or partial least squares (PLS) for the caseA Library for Locally Weighted Projection Regression -- Supplementary Documentation -- Stefan
Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell
Milton, Kim
Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell In´es Cavero-Pel´aez and Kimball A. Milton Oklahoma Center for High-Energy Physics and Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics University, Waco, TX 76798 (Dated: September 5, 2006) Abstract The local Casimir energy density
Business Plans Classification with Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Models
Verleysen, Michel
1 Business Plans Classification with Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Models Antti Sorjamaa1 , Amaury linéaire par morceaux connue sous le nom de Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Model. Mots clefs : Lazy Learning, Classification, Leave-one-Out, Elagage. Abstract : A business plan is a document presenting in a concise form
WWW.UNIDATA.UCAR.EDU The Local Data Manager (LDM)
of sources to researchers and educators at no cost. These data consists primarily of GOES satellite imageryData Fact Sheet WWW.UNIDATA.UCAR.EDU The Local Data Manager (LDM) The Unidata Local Data Manager data products. The system is designed for event-driven data distribution, and is currently used
THE IMPACT OF HURRICANE STRIKES ON LOCAL CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
THE IMPACT OF HURRICANE STRIKES ON LOCAL CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY: EVIDENCE FROM THE CARIBBEAN Eric://www.enseignement.polytechnique.fr/economie/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00393883,version1-10Jun2009 #12;THE IMPACT OF HURRICANE° 2009-14 Abstract: We empirically estimate the impact of hurricane strikes on local crop productivity
Using multiple alignments to improve seeded local alignment algorithms
Using multiple alignments to improve seeded local alignment algorithms Jason Flannick* and Serafim; Revised July 6, 2005; Accepted July 27, 2005 ABSTRACT Multiple alignments among genomes are becoming towards the promising regions of the multiple alignment. We have implemented Typhon, a local alignment
A Stronger Bell Argument for Quantum Non-Locality
Paul M. Näger
2015-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
It is widely accepted that the violation of Bell inequalities excludes local theories of the quantum realm. This paper presents a stronger Bell argument which even forbids certain non-local theories. Among these excluded non-local theories are those whose only non-local connection is a probabilistic (or functional) dependence between the space-like separated measurement outcomes of EPR/B experiments (a subset of outcome dependent theories). In this way, the new argument shows that the result of the received Bell argument, which requires just any kind of non-locality, is inappropriately weak. Positively, the remaining non-local theories, which can violate Bell inequalities (among them quantum theory), are characterized by the fact that at least one of the measurement outcomes in some sense probabilistically depends both on its local as well as on its distant measurement setting (probabilistic Bell contextuality). Whether an additional dependence between the outcomes holds, is irrelevant for the question whether a certain theory can violate Bell inequalities. This new concept of quantum non-locality is considerably tighter and more informative than the one following from the standard Bell argument. We prove that (given usual background assumptions) the result of the stronger Bell argument presented here is the strongest possible consequence from the violation of Bell inequalities on a qualitative probabilistic level.
THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION FIELD Richard Conn Henry1
THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION FIELD Richard Conn Henry1 Center for Astrophysical 21218; henry@jhu.edu Received 2001 July 20; accepted 2002 January 16 ABSTRACT I have used the Hipparcos of the interstellar extinction, to create a model of the expected intensity and spectral dis- tribution of the local
Introduction Result Bibliography Accepted Elasticity in Local Arithmetic
Ponomarenko, Vadim
Introduction Result Bibliography Accepted Elasticity in Local Arithmetic Congruence Monoids Vadim, 2014 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~vadim/ accepted-talk.pdf #12;Introduction Result Bibliography Shameless one property, in the one class not yet understood, called "local". gcd(a, b) = p i.e. a = p, b = pn
RESEARCH ARTICLE Topography-mediated controls on local vegetation
Teskey, Robert O.
RESEARCH ARTICLE Topography-mediated controls on local vegetation phenology estimated from MODIS patterns of phenology in humid temperate forest as a function of topography. Moderate-resolution imaging spectro- radiometer (MODIS) vegetation indices are used to derive local patterns of topography
Multi-robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping using Particle Filters
Del Moral , Pierre
Multi-robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping using Particle Filters Andrew Howard NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena, California 91109, U.S.A. Email: abhoward@robotics.jpl.nasa.gov Abstract-- This paper describes an on-line algorithm for multi- robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). We
Improving Cost Calculations for Global Constraints in Local Search
Rossi, Francesca
Improving Cost Calculations for Global Constraints in Local Search Markus Bohlin Swedish Institute- straint satisfaction is based on local minimization of a cost function, which is usually the number equivalent to a set of basic constraints but still contributes as little to the cost as a single basic
Organizing and Strategizing a Local/Regional Solar Effort
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This webinar, "Organizing and Strategizing A Local/Regional Solar Effort," was originally presented on June 14, 2013 as part of the DOE SunShot Initiative's Solar Action Webinar Series. This includes presentations by a number of the program's grant partners, including three cities and one corporate partner, to provide participants' perspectives and present their local solar strategies.
Local Monitoring and Maintenance for Operational Wireless Sensor
Wu, Jie
Local Monitoring and Maintenance for Operational Wireless Sensor Networks Md Zakirul Alam Bhuiyan@gmail.com; csgjwang@gmail.com #12;Local Monitoring and Maintenance for Operational Wireless Sensor Networks 16 Monitoring and Maintenance for Operational Wireless Sensor Networks 16/7/2013 IEEE ISPA-13, Melbourne
Localized and Delocalized Wave Functions for Butadiene Frank Rioux
Rioux, Frank
Localized and Delocalized Wave Functions for Butadiene Frank Rioux The generation of localized by modeling the -electrons of 1,3-butadiene as particles in a one-dimensional box (PIB). Solving Schrodinger of butadiene between carbons 1 and 2, and carbons 3 and 4 with the Lewis structure shown below
High Performance by Exploiting Information Locality through Reverse Computing
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
with power consumption and heat dissipation. 1Occupancy is the ratio of active a CPU is, it has to request data from different levels of some memory hierarchy. Hence CPU speed locality" instead of "data locality" is because information may be carried not only by a data but also
Wireless Sensor Node Localization By Akos Ledeczi and Miklos Maroti
MarĂłti, MiklĂłs
Wireless Sensor Node Localization By Â´Akos LÂ´edeczi and MiklÂ´os MarÂ´oti Institute for Software University of Szeged Szeged, Hungary mmaroti@math.u-szeged.hu For most wireless sensor network (WSN of this very active research area. Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Localization, GPS, Acoustics, Ranging
Prepared under the: Local Government GIS Demonstration Grant
Ghelli, Giorgio
Prepared under the: Local Government GIS Demonstration Grant Supported by: Local Government Records. Carmelle J. Côté Ms. Christina Finneran GIS Resource Group, Inc. Mr. Graham Hayes, President Mr. Thomas: (518) 473-4941 #12;GIS DEVELOPMENT GUIDE Volume 1 Table of Contents MANAGER'S OVERVIEW Introduction
Local Lyapunov Functions for periodic and finite-time ODEs
Hafstein, Sigurđur Freyr
Local Lyapunov Functions for periodic and finite-time ODEs Peter Giesl and Sigurdur Hafstein Abstract Lyapunov functions for general systems are difficult to construct. How- ever, for autonomous Lyapunov function by solving a matrix equa- tion. Consequently, the same function is a local Lyapunov
Integration of Local and Global Shape Analysis for Logo Classification
Samet, Hanan
Integration of Local and Global Shape Analysis for Logo Classification Jan Neumann, Hanan Samet@il.ibm.com Abstract. A comparison is made of global and local methods for the shape analysis of logos in an image metric on the logos. As representatives for the two classes of methods, we use the negative shape method
A Theory of Locally Low Dimensional Light Transport Dhruv Mahajan
Columbia University
A Theory of Locally Low Dimensional Light Transport Dhruv Mahajan Columbia University Ira: Complex lighting effects like soft shadows require transport matrices that have a very high rank by using our framework to adaptively subdivide the image into local patches. The adaptive subdivision
Pond Management 1 Gilchrist 4-H Partners with Local 1
Hill, Jeffrey E.
Pond Management 1 Gilchrist 4-H Partners with Local 1 SWAT Clubs Optimizing Peanut Harvest 2 On My Faculty 7 Resignation 7 OCTOBER 2010 Table of Contents Pond Management 1 Gilchrist 4-H Partners with Local and Waterways Management Reeling Em' In!! 7 New Faculty 7 Resignation 7 Pond Management In Northeast Florida
ADVANCES IN GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 39 LOCAL TSUNAMIS AND EARTHQUAKE
equations describe the evolution of tsunamis during run-up in such a way that the shoreline is fixed in (ADVANCES IN GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 39 LOCAL TSUNAMIS AND EARTHQUAKE SOURCE PARAMETERS ERIC L. GEIST u in estimating the severity of local tsunamis gener- ated by earthquakes is explaining the great event
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Epidemiology Factsheet environmental health,case-control,andcohortstudiesandare designedtotesthypothesesregardingthefactorsthatcauseadisease. Board of Health Actions · EncourageenvironmentalhealthpersonneltobecomefamiliarwiththesystemsDefenseScorecards.Availableatwww.scorecard.org · Friis,R.(2007).EnvironmentalEpidemiology.InEssentials of Environmental Health. · NationalAssociationofLocalBoardsofHealth
THE RATIONAL COHOMOLOGY OF A p-LOCAL COMPACT GROUP
Oliver, Bob
. Classifying space, p-completion, p-local compact group* *s, fusion. C. Broto is partially supported THE RATIONAL COHOMOLOGY OF A p-LOCAL COMPACT GROUP* *aces of compact Lie groups and p-compact groups, and generalises the earlier concept* * of p
Entangling power and local invariants of two-qubit gates
S Balakrishnan; R Sankaranarayanan
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
We show a simple relation connecting entangling power and local invariants of two-qubit gates. From the relation, a general condition under which gates have same entangling power is arrived. The relation also helps in finding the lower bound of entangling power for perfect entanglers, from which the classification of gates as perfect and nonperfect entanglers is obtained in terms of local invariants.
Entangling power and local invariants of two-qubit gates
Balakrishnan, S
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show a simple relation connecting entangling power and local invariants of two-qubit gates. From the relation, a general condition under which gates have same entangling power is arrived. The relation also helps to find the lower bound of entangling power for perfect entangler, from which a new classification of gates in terms of local invariants is obtained.
INTEGRATING LOCAL AND GLOBAL ROUTING ON SCALE-FREE NETWORKS
Â±cient. The transport eÂ±ciency can be improved by using some local information, such as the geographical locationINTEGRATING LOCAL AND GLOBAL ROUTING ON SCALE-FREE NETWORKS CUN-LAI PU* School of Information Department of Physics, Northeastern University Boston MA 02115, USA Center for Cancer Systems Biology Dana
Localized temperature stability of low temperature cofired ceramics
Dai, Steven Xunhu
2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention is directed to low temperature cofired ceramic modules having localized temperature stability by incorporating temperature coefficient of resonant frequency compensating materials locally into a multilayer LTCC module. Chemical interactions can be minimized and physical compatibility between the compensating materials and the host LTCC dielectrics can be achieved. The invention enables embedded resonators with nearly temperature-independent resonance frequency.
Determination of the Acceptable Room Temperature Range for Local Cooling
Zhang, Y.; Zhao, R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
exposed to local cooling airflow, where temperatures were 22, 25 and 28°C. Thirty randomly-selected male subjects, dressed in shorts, were exposed to each condition for 30 minutes. Data were collected on their local thermal sensations of each body part...
Quantum non-locality and information security Muhammad Nadeem
1 Quantum non-locality and information security Muhammad Nadeem Department of Basic Sciences-locality, as discussed here, is sufficient to achieve unconditional information security without requiring advanced, integrity, authenticity and availability of information to legitimate users. These information security
DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN PLATES USING DLVs Dionisio Bernal1
Bernal, Dionisio
DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN PLATES USING DLVs Dionisio Bernal1 and Ariel Levy2 Department of Civil Associate Professor, 2 Graduate Student ABSTRACT The performance of a technique to localize damage based on the computation of load vectors that create stress fields that bypass the damaged region is investigated
Robust Target Localization from Binary Decisions in Wireless Sensor Networks
Michailidis, George
Robust Target Localization from Binary Decisions in Wireless Sensor Networks Natallia Katenka Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are becoming an important tool in a variety of tasks, including mon- itoring targets and localizing multiple targets are also considered. Keywords: wireless sensor network, target
LYCEN 9721 May 1997 LOCAL NUCLEAR SLOPE and CURVATURE
Boyer, Edmond
LYCEN 9721 May 1997 LOCAL NUCLEAR SLOPE and CURVATURE in HIGH ENERGY pp and ÂŻpp ELASTIC SCATTERING The local nuclear slope B(s, t) = d dt ln dn(s,t) dt is reconstructed from the exper- imental angular agreement with the (non fitted) slope data, in particular for the evolution of B(s, t) with s as a function
Local implementation of nonlocal operations of block forms
Ning Bo Zhao; An Min Wang
2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the local implementation of nonlocal operations with the block matrix form, and propose a protocol for any diagonal or offdiagonal block operation. This method can be directly generalized to the two-party multiqubit case and the multiparty case. Especially, in the multiparty cases, any diagonal block operation can be locally implemented using the same resources as the multiparty control-U operation discussed in Ref. [Eisert et al., Phys. Rev. A 62, 052317(2000)]. Although in the bipartite case, this kind of operations can be transformed to control-U operation using local operations, these transformations are impossible in the multiparty cases. We also compare the local implementation of nonlocal block operations with the remote implementation of local operations, and point out a relation between them.
Hafstein, Sigurđur Freyr
Introduction Relationship between ISS and Robust Lyapunov Functions Computing Local Robust Lyapunov Functions by Linear Programming Computing Lo Computation of Local ISS Lyapunov Function Via Linear;Introduction Relationship between ISS and Robust Lyapunov Functions Computing Local Robust Lyapunov Functions
Chen, Ying
2014 Local Clinical Promotion Committee College Composition of LCPC SecretaryLocal Clinical Butterworth A/Prof Gavin Huttley 2014 University Clinical Promotion Committee Composition of UCPC Professor Barnard, Associate Dean, Rural Clinical School, ANU Medical School Secretariat Kylie Clark and Nathalie
Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions
So, Lau Loi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.
Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions
Lau Loi So
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.
Localization without recurrence and pseudo-Bloch oscillations in optics
Longhi, Stefano
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical localization, i.e. the absence of secular spreading of a quantum or classical wave packet, is usually associated to Hamiltonians with purely point spectrum, i.e. with a normalizable and complete set of eigenstates, which show quasi-periodic dynamics (recurrence). Here we show rather counter-intuitively that dynamical localization can be observed in Hamiltonians with absolutely continuous spectrum, where recurrence effects are forbidden. An optical realization of such an Hamiltonian is proposed based on beam propagation in a self-imaging optical resonator with a phase grating. Localization without recurrence in this system is explained in terms of pseudo-Bloch optical oscillations.
Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources
Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin
2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.
Local Gaussian operations can enhance continuous-variable entanglement distillation
ShengLi Zhang; Peter van Loock
2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement distillation is a fundamental building block in long-distance quantum communication. Though known to be useless on their own for distilling Gaussian entangled states, local Gaussian operations may still help to improve non-Gaussian entanglement distillation schemes. Here we show that by applying local squeezing operations, both the performance and the efficiency of existing distillation protocols can be enhanced. We derive the optimal enhancement through local Gaussian unitaries, which can be obtained even in the most natural scenario when Gaussian mixed entangled states are shared after their distribution through a lossy-fiber communication channel.
Interaction effects on dynamical localization in driven helium
Felix Jörder; Klaus Zimmermann; Alberto Rodriguez; Andreas Buchleitner
2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical localization prevents driven atomic systems from fast fragmentation by hampering the excitation process. We present numerical simulations within a collinear model of microwave-driven helium Rydberg atoms and prove that dynamical localization survives the impact of electron-electron interaction, even for doubly excited states in the presence of fast autoionization. We conclude that the effect of electron-electron repulsion on localization can be described by an appropriate rescaling of the atomic level density and of the external field with the strength of the interaction.
Local Option- Renewable Energy Machinery and Tools Property Tax Exemption
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
HB 1297 enacted in March 2015 provides option for local governing body of any county, city, or town to impose a different property tax on renewable energy generating machinery and tools than other...
Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water
Santra, Biswajit; Martelli, Fausto; Car, Roberto
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of th...
Sensor based localization for multiple mobile robots using virtual links
Rynn, Andrew John
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Mobile robots are used for a wide range of purposes such as mapping an environment and transporting material goods. Regardless of the specific application, the navigation of the mobile robot is usually divided into three separate parts: localization...
Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Note that a separate statute (R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-57-4) specifies that for purposes of local municipal property tax assessment, certain residential solar-energy systems may not be assessed at more...
The design and synthesis of nuclear localization signal (NLS) mimics
Ho, Thai Huu
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Nuclear import of proteins is a carefully controlled process that is critical for cellular function and regulation. A protein is marked for nuclear entry by a nuclear localization signal (NLS), a peptide motif, which typically consists of one or two...
Local computation algorithms for graphs of non-constant degrees
Yodpinyanee, Anak
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the model of local computation algorithms (LCAs), we aim to compute the queried part of the output by examining only a small (sublinear) portion of the input. Many recently developed LCAs on graph problems achieve time ...
Apparent Temperature Dependence on Localized Atmospheric Water Vapor
Salvaggio, Carl
Apparent Temperature Dependence on Localized Atmospheric Water Vapor Matthew Montanaroa, Carl temperature of the target if not properly accounted for. The temperature error is defined as the difference between the target leaving apparent temperature and observed apparent temperature. The effects
Perspectives on Localized Corrosion in Thin Layers of Particulate
Payer, Joe H. [Materials Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., 404 White Bldg., Cleveland, OH, 44106 (United States); Kelly, Robert G. [Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, 116 Engineer's Way, Materials Science Building 323, PO Box 400745, Charlottesville, VA, 22904-4745 (United States)
2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The requirements for the initiation and propagation of localized corrosion are reviewed, and the stability criteria for sustained localized corrosion are discussed. A conceptual framework is applied to a specific scenario of a hot metal surface covered by a thin layer of particulate containing dissolvable salts in the presence of air of limited humidity. A number of processes are demonstrated to affect the crevice corrosion propagation, stifling and arrest. Contributions of the particulate layer properties, the anode, cathode and coupled processes are identified, showing that any of these can control localized corrosion propagation. Whether stifling or arrest occur will depend upon the material and environmental conditions for a given case. The findings add to the technical basis for the analysis of localized corrosion by a decision tree methodology. (authors)
Energy Audits of Local Government Buildings (Louisiana DNR)
Bruce, A. C.; Lowther, J. D.; Tarver, E.
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes innovations instituted in an ongoing energy auditing program for local government buildings in Louisiana. In order to provide as many audits as possible with the funds available, a two-pronged effort was initiated to reduce...
Down to the Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters
Houston, Douglas; Wu, Jun; Ong, Paul; Winer, Arthur
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Near-Roadway Vehicle Pollution,” American Journal of Publicfor Vehicle-Related Air Pollution Exposure in Minority andMeter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters B Y D O U G L A S
Sparse Bayesian information filters for localization and mapping
Walter, Matthew R
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis formulates an estimation framework for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) that addresses the problem of scalability in large environments. We describe an estimation-theoretic algorithm that achieves ...
Solar and Wind Easements & Local Option Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Minnesota law also allows local zoning boards to restrict development for the purpose of protecting access to sunlight. In addition, zoning bodies may create variances in zoning rules in...
Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) | Department...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
wind. The law states that any local ordinance related to the siting of solar or wind energy facilities must: * Be consistent with the Commonwealth Energy Policy ( 67-102) *...
A Bayesian Approach to Empirical Local Linearization For Robotics
Ting, Jo-Anne; D'Souza, Aaron; Vijayakumar, Sethu; Schaal, Stefan
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local linearizations are ubiquitous in the control of robotic systems. Analytical methods, if available, can be used to obtain the linearization, but in complex robotics systems where the dynamics and kinematics are ...
Out of control? : local democracy failure and fiscal control boards
Kobes, Deborah Isadora
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The nation's current recession has strained the finances of local governments such that many cities with already delicate budgets have plunged into fiscal crisis. This dissertation examines three causes of fiscal crisis - ...
Inverting the local geodesic X-ray transform on tensors
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 18, 2014 ... by the Hs norm of If restricted to the set of ?-local geodesics. ... This theorem, combined with Theorem 2 in [27] (with a minor change — the no- ...
Building on Clues: Methods to Help State and Local Law
McShea, Daniel W.
and Characterize Terrorist Activity Project Leads John Hollywood, PhD, RTI International Kevin Strom, PhD, RTI International Mark Pope, MS, RTI International Statement of Problem State and local law enforcement agencies
Funding Models for AIN-Based Local Number Portability
Pittsburgh PA 15260 Douglas C. Sicker sicker@sis.pitt.edu or dsicker@fcc.gov Federal Communications Commission Washington DC September 8, 1998 Abstract Local Number Portability LNP is a de facto requirement
ATLAS: a framework for large scale automated mapping and localization
Bosse, Michael Carsten
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes a scalable robotic navigation system that builds a map of the robot's environment on the fly. This problem is also known as Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM). The SLAM problem has as inputs ...
Technical Assistance Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Energy...
priority area, the State and Local Solution Center provides general education materials, case studies, tools for decision-making, and protocols, such as how-to guides and model...
Geothermal policy development program: expediting the local geothermal permitting process
Not Available
1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a number of years, concerns have been raised about the length of time and the complexity involved in obtaining required permits in order to develop the geothermal resource at the Geysers. Perhaps the most important factor is jurisdiction. At the Geysers, all three levels of government - local, state, and federal - exercise significant authority over various aspects of geothermal development. In addition, several agencies within each governmental level play an active role in the permitting process. The present study is concerned primarily with the local permitting process, and the ways in which this process could be expedited. This report begins by looking at the local role in the overall permitting process, and then reviews the findings and conclusions that have been reached in other studies of the problem. This is followed by a case study evaluation of recent permitting experience in the four Geysers-Calistoga KGRA counties, and the report concludes by outlining several approaches to expediting the local permitting process.
Down to the Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters
Houston, Douglas; Wu, Jun; Ong, Paul; Winer, Arthur
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to Near-Roadway Vehicle Pollution,” American Journal ofthe Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters B Y D O U G Lto confront vehicle-related pollution are proving to be
Supplementary Information for Simulating weak localization in superconducting quantum circuit
Martinis, John M.
Supplementary Information for Simulating weak localization in superconducting quantum circuit Yu-type entangled state in superconducting quantum circuits.[2, 3] We rst generated a photon in the readout qubit
Anisotropies in magnetic field evolution and local Lyapunov exponents
Tang, X.Z.; Boozer, A.H.
2000-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
The natural occurrence of small scale structures and the extreme anisotropy in the evolution of a magnetic field embedded in a conducting flow is interpreted in terms of the properties of the local Lyapunov exponents along the various local characteristic (un)stable directions for the Lagrangian flow trajectories. The local Lyapunov exponents and the characteristic directions are functions of Lagrangian coordinates and time, which are completely determined once the flow field is specified. The characteristic directions that are associated with the spatial anisotropy of the problem, are prescribed in both Lagrangian and Eulerian frames. Coordinate transformation techniques are employed to relate the spatial distributions of the magnetic field, the induced current density, and the Lorentz force, which are usually followed in Eulerian frame, to those of the local Lyapunov exponents, which are naturally defined in Lagrangian coordinates.
Anisotropies in magnetic field evolution and local Lyapunov exponents
Tang, X. Z. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Boozer, A. H. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)
2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The natural occurrence of small scale structures and the extreme anisotropy in the evolution of a magnetic field embedded in a conducting flow is interpreted in terms of the properties of the local Lyapunov exponents along the various local characteristic (un)stable directions for the Lagrangian flow trajectories. The local Lyapunov exponents and the characteristic directions are functions of Lagrangian coordinates and time, which are completely determined once the flow field is specified. The characteristic directions that are associated with the spatial anisotropy of the problem, are prescribed in both Lagrangian and Eulerian frames. Coordinate transformation techniques are employed to relate the spatial distributions of the magnetic field, the induced current density, and the Lorentz force, which are usually followed in Eulerian frame, to those of the local Lyapunov exponents, which are naturally defined in Lagrangian coordinates. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.
Strictly Localized Sensor Self-Deployment for Optimal Focused Coverage
Santoro, Nicola
on convergence time, energy consumption, and node collision. Index Terms--Coverage, Self-deployment, Localized and Telecommunications, FTN, University of Novi Sad, Serbia. Email: stojmenovic@gmail.com their degree of danger. Another
Hyperplane arrangements, local system homology and iterated integrals
Kohno, Toshitake
. The purpose of this article is to review developments concern- ing the homology of a local system0 simplex spanned by the vertices vjk , 0 k p. This simplex defined for Fj0
High Performance Leasing Strategies for State and Local Governments
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Presentation for the SEE Action Series: High Performance Leasing Strategies for State and Local Governments webinar, presented on January 26, 2013 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Technical Assistance Program (TAP).
Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak
Ziegler, Günter M.
Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak B-14-03 July 2014 FACHBEREICH MATHEMATIK Introduction 5 2 The Platform 7 2.1 Hardware of autonomous, "self- driving" cars. Imagine that car accidents caused by human error
Local Option- Property Tax Credit for High Performance Buildings
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Similar to Maryland's Local Option Property Tax Credit for Renewable Energy, Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code creates an optional property tax credit for high performance buildings. This...
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Vector Control Factsheet environmental health,bioterroristactivitiessupportedby hostilegovernmentsandindividuals,andadecreaseinvectorcontrolprograms becauseofbudgetshortages. Board of Health ActionsIntegratedPestManagementisbeingusedforvectorcontrol. · Communicateriskstothecommunityintheeventofavector-relatedemergency. Resources for Continuing Education · AssociationofStateandTerritorialHealth
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer
The Local Board of Health Environmental Health Primer Injury Prevention Factsheet environmental health Background · Unintentionalinjuryandviolenceaccountsforapproximately30%ofallyearsof-relatedinjuries. · Recreationalwaterillnessesareillnessesthatarespreadbycontactwithcontaminated waterfromswimmingpools,spas,lakes,rivers,oroceans. Board of Health Actions
Dynamical many-body localization in an integrable model
Aydin Cem Keser; Sriram Ganeshan; Gil Refael; Victor Galitski
2015-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate dynamical many-body localization and delocalization in an integrable system of periodically-kicked, interacting linear rotors. The Hamiltonian we investigate is linear in momentum, and its Floquet evolution operator is analytically tractable for arbitrary interaction strengths. One of the hallmarks of this model is that depending on certain parameters, it manifest both localization and delocalization in momentum space. We explicitly show that, for this model, the energy being bounded at long times is not a sufficient condition for dynamical localization. Besides integrals of motion associated to the integrability, this model manifests additional integrals of motion, which are the exclusive consequence of dynamical many-body localization. We also propose an experimental scheme, involving voltage-biased Josephson junctions, to realize such many-body kicked models.
Transverse Anderson localization of light: a tutorial review
Mafi, Arash
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This tutorial review gives an overview of the transverse Anderson localization of light in one and two transverse dimensions. A pedagogical approach is followed throughout the presentation, where many aspects of localization are illustrated by means of a few simple models. The tutorial starts with some basic aspects of random matrix theory, and light propagation through and reflection from a random stack of dielectric slabs. Transverse Anderson localization of light in one- and two-dimensional coupled waveguide arrays is subsequently established and discussed. Recent experimental observations of localization and image transport in disordered optical fibers are discussed. More advanced topics, such as hyper-transport in longitudinally varying disordered waveguides, the impact of nonlinearity, and propagation of partially coherent and quantum light, are also examined.
The localization of instrumental learning within the spinal cord
Liu, Grace Alexandra Tsu-Chi
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Spinal neurons of surgically transected rats can support a simple form of instrumental learning. Rats learn to maintain leg flexion as a response to shock. The present experiments localized the region of the spinal cord that mediates this learning...
Development of a robot localization and environment mapping system
Panas, Cynthia Dawn Walker
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The intent of this research is to develop a robust, efficient, self-contained localization module for use in a robotic liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) tank inspection system. Inspecting large LPG tanks for defects is difficult, ...
Local aspects of disentanglement induced by spontaneous emission
Anna Jamroz
2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider spontaneous emission of two two-level atoms interacting with vacuum fluctuations. We study the process of disentanglement in this system and show the possibility of changing disentanglement time by local operations.
3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.
LATINO DESCRIPTIVE REPRESENTATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC OFFICE IN TEXAS
Holstein, Carlos 1983-
2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
This purpose of this study is to document and evaluate descriptive Latino representation at the local level, over time, and as it relates to characteristics of the Latino population. This study has important implications, particularly within...
Environmental and Community Awareness: A Local Foods Profile
Hummer, Sara
2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
Consumption in a global industrial economy has been linked to both environmental damage and community erosion. The local food movement has been shown to provide a catalyst to community building as well as increased agricultural sustainability. Given...
Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range...
And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd...
Local Dimensionality Reduction for Non-Parametric Regression
Hoffmann, Heiko; Schaal, Stefan; Vijayakumar, Sethu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Locally-weighted regression is a computationally-efficient technique for non-linear regression. However, for high-dimensional data, this technique becomes numerically brittle and computationally too expensive if many ...
Optical manipulation of intrinsic localized vibrational energy in cantilever arrays
M. Sato; B. E. Hubbard; A. J. Sievers; B. Ilic; H. G. Craighead
2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Optically-induced real-time impurity modes are used to shepherd intrinsic localized vibrational modes (discrete breathers) along micromechanical arrays via either attractive or replulsive interactions. Adding an electrode to the cantilever array provides control of the sign of lattice anharmonicity, hence allowing both hard and soft nonlinearities to be studied. A number of dynamical effects are demonstrated and explained, including the optical tweezing of localized vibrational energy in a nonlinear lattice.
Local-time effect on small space-time scale
V. A. Panchelyuga; V. A. Kolombet; M. S. Panchelyuga; S. E. Shnoll
2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
The paper presents an investigation of local-time effect - one of the manifestations of macroscopic fluctuations phenomena. Was shown the existence of the named effect for longitudinal distance between locations of measurements up to 500 meters. Also a structure of intervals distribution in neighborhood of local-time peak was studied and splitting of the peak was found out. Obtained results lead to conclusion about sharp anisotropy of space-time.
Towards AC-induced optimum control of dynamical localization
F. Revuelta; R. Chacón; F. Borondo
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that optimum control of dynamical localization (quantum suppression of classical diffusion) in the context of ultracold atoms in periodically shaken optical lattices subjected to time-periodic forces having equidistant zeros depends on the \\textit{impulse} transmitted by the external force over half-period rather than on the force amplitude. This result provides a useful principle for optimally controlling dynamical localization in general periodic systems, which is capable of experimental realization.
Analysis of Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish.
Capps, Oral Jr.; Lambregts, Johannes Adrianus
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center I I ~\\ '?7 B-16~ SRAC No. 512 November 1990 :1. o' Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Charles J. Arntzen, Director The Texas A...&M University System College -station, Texas (Blank Page In 0 -rigiaal BuDetinl ? 7 . k. :i'; ;:: ~?- .? ,.: t : .. '? Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish Oral Capps, Jr. and Johannes Adrianus Lambregts1 1Respectively...
Immunocytochemical localization of oxytocin in the equine corpus luteum
Murray, Melanie Ann
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
IMMUNOCYTOCHEMICAL LOCALIZATION OF OXYTOCIN IN THE EQUINE CORPUS LUTEUM A Thesis by MELANIE ANN MURRAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A6M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction IMMUNOCYTOCHEMICAL LOCALIZATION OF OXYTOCIN IN THE EQUINE CORPUS LUTEUM A Thesis by MELANIE ANN MURRAY Approved as to style and content by: J. Warren Evans (Chair of Committee) W. Les...
ITEP Webinar: About the Local Environmental Observer (LEO) Network
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Attend this Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) webinar and learn how the Local Environmental Observer (LEO) Network provides a model for engaging communities; connecting with technical experts and resources; and disseminating information about specific events and the impacts, needs, and responses. This webinar will introduce LEO as a resource comprised of local experts who collect observations about unusual environmental events and serve as the eyes, ears and voice of environmental change in their communities.
Local thermal observables in spatially open FRW spaces
Slava Emelyanov
2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
Certain local thermal observables are considered in well-known examples of spatially open FRW spaces: Milne, open de Sitter and anti de Sitter as well as Einstein static universes. Another value for fixing the ambiguity in defining the Wick square and, hence, the local temperature is motivated in the last example. Physical consequences of that choice are discussed for static and conformal vacua in those spaces.
Dual hidden landscapes in Anderson localization on discrete lattices
Marcelo Leite Lyra; Svitlana Mayboroda; Marcel Filoche
2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
The localization subregions of stationary waves in continuous disordered media have been recently demonstrated to be governed by a hidden landscape that is the solution of a Dirichlet problem expressed with the wave operator. In this theory, the strength of Anderson localization confinement is determined by this landscape, and continuously decreases as the energy increases. However, this picture has to be changed in discrete lattices in which the eigenmodes close to the edge of the first Brillouin zone are as localized as the low energy ones. Here we show that in a 1D discrete lattice, the localization of low and high energy modes is governed by two different landscapes, the high energy landscape being the solution of a dual Dirichlet problem deduced from the low energy one using the symmetries of the Hamiltonian. We illustrate this feature using the one-dimensional tight-binding Hamiltonian with random on-site potentials as a prototype model. Moreover we show that, besides unveiling the subregions of Anderson localization, these dual landscapes also provide an accurate overal estimate of the localization length over the energy spectrum, especially in the weak disorder regime.
Methodology for extracting local constants from petroleum cracking flows
Chang, Shen-Lin (Woodridge, IL); Lottes, Steven A. (Naperville, IL); Zhou, Chenn Q. (Munster, IN)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A methodology provides for the extraction of local chemical kinetic model constants for use in a reacting flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computer code with chemical kinetic computations to optimize the operating conditions or design of the system, including retrofit design improvements to existing systems. The coupled CFD and kinetic computer code are used in combination with data obtained from a matrix of experimental tests to extract the kinetic constants. Local fluid dynamic effects are implicitly included in the extracted local kinetic constants for each particular application system to which the methodology is applied. The extracted local kinetic model constants work well over a fairly broad range of operating conditions for specific and complex reaction sets in specific and complex reactor systems. While disclosed in terms of use in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) riser, the inventive methodology has application in virtually any reaction set to extract constants for any particular application and reaction set formulation. The methodology includes the step of: (1) selecting the test data sets for various conditions; (2) establishing the general trend of the parametric effect on the measured product yields; (3) calculating product yields for the selected test conditions using coupled computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics; (4) adjusting the local kinetic constants to match calculated product yields with experimental data; and (5) validating the determined set of local kinetic constants by comparing the calculated results with experimental data from additional test runs at different operating conditions.
Golgi Localization of Glycosyltransferases Requires a Vps74p Oligomer
Schmitz, Karl R.; Liu, Jingxuan; Li, Shiqing; Setty, Thanuja Gangi; Wood, Christopher S.; Burd, Christopher G.; Ferguson, Kathryn M. (UPENN-MED)
2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
The mechanism of glycosyltransferase localization to the Golgi apparatus is a long-standing question in secretory cell biology. All Golgi glycosyltransferases are type II membrane proteins with small cytosolic domains that contribute to Golgi localization. To date, no protein has been identified that recognizes the cytosolic domains of Golgi enzymes and contributes to their localization. Here, we report that yeast Vps74p directly binds to the cytosolic domains of cis and medial Golgi mannosyltransferases and that loss of this interaction correlates with loss of Golgi localization of these enzymes. We have solved the X-ray crystal structure of Vps74p and find that it forms a tetramer, which we also observe in solution. Deletion of a critical structural motif disrupts tetramer formation and results in loss of Vps74p localization and function. Vps74p is highly homologous to the human GMx33 Golgi matrix proteins, suggesting a conserved function for these proteins in the Golgi enzyme localization machinery.
Local and global statistics of clear-air Doppler radar Andreas Muschinski
Muschinski, Andreas
Local and global statistics of clear-air Doppler radar signals Andreas Muschinski CIRES, University 6 October 2003; accepted 30 October 2003; published 27 January 2004. [1] A refined theoretical statistics like locally averaged velocities, local velocity variances, local dissipation rates, and local
Characterization of Hall effect thruster propellant distributors with flame visualization
Walker, Mitchell
. The technique is demonstrated for three propellant distributors us- ing a propane-air mixture at reservoir an ignition kernel in lean methane/air mixtures under engine conditions Phys. Fluids 24, 105108 (2012
Local Dynamic Reactive Power for Correction of System Voltage Problems
Kueck, John D [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Adhikari, Sarina [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL
2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Distribution systems are experiencing outages due to a phenomenon known as local voltage collapse. Local voltage collapse is occurring in part because modern air conditioner compressor motors are much more susceptible to stalling during a voltage dip than older motors. These motors can stall in less than 3 cycles (.05s) when a fault, such as on the sub-transmission system, causes voltage to sag to 70 to 60%. The reasons for this susceptibility are discussed in the report. During the local voltage collapse, voltages are depressed for a period of perhaps one or two minutes. There is a concern that these local events are interacting together over larger areas and may present a challenge to system reliability. An effective method of preventing local voltage collapse is the use of voltage regulation from Distributed Energy Resources (DER) that can supply or absorb reactive power. DER, when properly controlled, can provide a rapid correction to voltage dips and prevent motor stall. This report discusses the phenomenon and causes of local voltage collapse as well as the control methodology we have developed to counter voltage sag. The problem is growing because of the use of low inertia, high efficiency air conditioner (A/C) compressor motors and because the use of electric A/C is growing in use and becoming a larger percentage of system load. A method for local dynamic voltage regulation is discussed which uses reactive power injection or absorption from local DER. This method is independent, rapid, and will not interfere with conventional utility system voltage control. The results of simulations of this method are provided. The method has also been tested at the ORNL s Distributed Energy Communications and Control (DECC) Laboratory using our research inverter and synchronous condenser. These systems at the DECC Lab are interconnected to an actual distribution system, the ORNL distribution system, which is fed from TVA s 161kV sub-transmission backbone. The test results are also provided and discussed. The simulations and testing show that local voltage control from DER can prevent local voltage collapse. The results also show that the control can be provided so quickly, within 0.5 seconds, that is does not interfere with conventional utility methods.
Formalism Locality in Quantum Theory and Quantum Gravity
Lucien Hardy
2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We expect a theory of Quantum Gravity to be both probabilistic and have indefinite causal structure. Indefinite causal structure poses particular problems for theory formulation since many of the core ideas used in the usual approaches to theory construction depend on having definite causal structure. For example, the notion of a state across space evolving in time requires that we have some definite causal structure so we can define a state on a space-like hypersurface. We will see that many of these problems are mitigated if we are able to formulate the theory in a "formalism local" (or F-local) fashion. A formulation of a physical theory is said to be F-local if, in making predictions for any given arbitrary space-time region, we need only refer to mathematical objects pertaining to that region. This is a desirable property both on the grounds of efficiency and since, if we have indefinite causal structure, it is not clear how to select some other space-time region on which our calculations may depend. The usual ways of formulating physical theories (the time evolving state picture, the histories approach, and the local equations approach) are not F-local. We set up a framework for probabilistic theories with indefinite causal structure. This, the causaloid framework, is F-local. We describe how Quantum Theory can be formulated in the causaloid framework (in an F-local fashion). This provides yet another formulation of Quantum Theory. This formulation, however, may be particularly relevant to the problem of finding a theory of Quantum Gravity.
Lee, Caroline Worthen
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
primarily by local governments to induce acceptance of theacceptance of communities as potentially powerful actors, and a critical opinion of locals’local community. They were also unwilling to push the limits of their acceptance,
Uriarte, Maria
Local Environmental Pollution Strongly Influences Culturable Bacterial Aerosols at an Urban Aquatic Information ABSTRACT: In polluted environments, when microbial aerosols originate locally, species composition of the aerosols should reflect the polluted source. To test the connection between local environmental pollution
Community Management of Local Authority Woodlands in England 1 Shared Assets, December 2013
Community Management of Local Authority Woodlands in England 1 Shared Assets Management of Local Authority Woodlands in England 3 Shared Assets, December 2013 #12;Community Management of Local Authority Woodlands in England 4 Shared Assets
Intrinsic modulation of ENSO predictability viewed through a local Lyapunov lens
Wittenberg, Andrew
Intrinsic modulation of ENSO predictability viewed through a local Lyapunov lens Christina magnitude, frequency, and physical evolution. Local Lyapunov exponents (LLEs) estimated from the monthly Predictability Á Local Lyapunov exponents 1 Introduction The limits of predictability of the state
Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie (Netherlands) and
Vellekoop, Michel
1 Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie provision. There are a number of local renewable energy initiatives that emerged from all over Europe typically face. Keywords: sustainability transitions, strategic niche management, local renewable energy
Site locality identification study: Hanford Site. Volume II. Data cataloging
Not Available
1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Data compilation and cataloging for the candidate site locality identification study were conducted in order to provide a retrievable data cataloging system for the present siting study and future site evaluation and licensng processes. This task occurred concurrently with and also independently of other tasks of the candidate site locality identification study. Work in this task provided the data utilized primarily in the development and application of screening and ranking processes to identify candidate site localities on the Hanford Site. The overall approach included two steps: (1) data acquisition and screening; and (2) data compilation and cataloging. Data acquisition and screening formed the basis for preliminary review of data sources with respect to their probable utilization in the candidate site locality identification study and review with respect to the level of completeness and detail of the data. The important working assumption was that the data to be used in the study be based on existing and available published and unpublished literature. The data compilation and cataloging provided the basic product of the Task; a retrievable data cataloging system in the form of an annotated reference list and key word index and an index of compiled data. The annotated reference list and key word index are cross referenced and can be used to trace and retrieve the data sources utilized in the candidate site locality identification study.
Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell
Ines Cavero-Pelaez; Kimball A. Milton; Klaus Kirsten
2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
The local Casimir energy density and the global Casimir energy for a massless scalar field associated with a $\\lambda\\delta$-function potential in a 3+1 dimensional circular cylindrical geometry are considered. The global energy is examined for both weak and strong coupling, the latter being the well-studied Dirichlet cylinder case. For weak-coupling,through $\\mathcal{O}(\\lambda^2)$, the total energy is shown to vanish by both analytic and numerical arguments, based both on Green's-function and zeta-function techniques. Divergences occurring in the calculation are shown to be absorbable by renormalization of physical parameters of the model. The global energy may be obtained by integrating the local energy density only when the latter is supplemented by an energy term residing precisely on the surface of the cylinder. The latter is identified as the integrated local energy density of the cylindrical shell when the latter is physically expanded to have finite thickness. Inside and outside the delta-function shell, the local energy density diverges as the surface of the shell is approached; the divergence is weakest when the conformal stress tensor is used to define the energy density. A real global divergence first occurs in $\\mathcal{O}(\\lambda^3)$, as anticipated, but the proof is supplied here for the first time; this divergence is entirely associated with the surface energy, and does {\\em not} reflect divergences in the local energy density as the surface is approached.
Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water
Biswajit Santra; Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Fausto Martelli; Roberto Car
2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of the experimentally observed low- (LDA) and high-density (HDA) amorphous phases of ice are present in the IPES of ambient liquid water. Analysis of the LSI autocorrelation function uncovered a persistence time of $\\sim$ 4 ps---a finding consistent with the fact that natural thermal fluctuations are responsible for transitions between these distinct yet transient local aqueous environments in ambient liquid water.
Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality violation by a local model
Donald A. Graft
2015-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality has taken center stage in tests of locality thanks to its immunity to the detection loophole. I describe a local model that violates the inequality using a plausible mechanism relying upon a parameter of the apparatus, the emission rate. The effect is generated through the analysis of time-tagged data using a standard windowed coincidence method; however, the detection times are not functions of the measurement settings. The analysis does not introduce the nonlocal behavior typical of previous coincidence window models. This finding has implications for the design and interpretation of experiments, as it shows that the coincidence window loophole cannot be eliminated by a demonstration of independence of the detection times and settings. The paper describes a reliable coincidence counting method and shows that it delivers an accurate count of true coincidences. Recent experimental tests of local realism based on the Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality are considered and it is shown that in one case (Christensen et al.) the emission rate is appropriately limited to ensure valid counting, and the data confirms local realism; in a second case (Giustina et al.) the experiment fails to appropriately limit the emission rate, and the claimed violation can be accounted for locally.
Local thermal equilibrium for certain stochastic models of heat transport
Yao Li; Peter Nandori; Lai-Sang Young
2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
This paper is about nonequilibrium steady states (NESS) of a class of stochastic models in which particles exchange energy with their "local environments" rather than directly with one another. The physical domain of the system can be a bounded region of $\\mathbb R^d$ for any $d \\ge 1$. We assume that the temperature at the boundary of the domain is prescribed and is nonconstant, so that the system is forced out of equilibrium. Our main result is local thermal equilibrium in the infinite volume limit. In the Hamiltonian context, this would mean that at any location $x$ in the domain, local marginal distributions of NESS tend to a probability with density $\\frac{1}{Z} e^{-\\beta (x) H}$, permitting one to define the local temperature at $x$ to be $\\beta(x)^{-1}$. We prove also that in the infinite volume limit, the mean energy profile of NESS satisfies Laplace's equation for the prescribed boundary condition. Our method of proof is duality: by reversing the sample paths of particle movements, we convert the problem of studying local marginal energy distributions at $x$ to that of joint hitting distributions of certain random walks starting from $x$, and prove that the walks in question become increasingly independent as system size tends to infinity.
Catalog of Nearby Galaxies and the Local Cosmic Web
Igor D. Karachentsev; Valentina E. Karachentseva; Walter K. Huchtmeier; Dmitry I. Makarov
2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
We compiled an all-sky catalog of 451 nearby galaxies, each having an individual distance estimate $D \\la 10$ Mpc or the radial velocity $V_{LG} -17.0$, which contribute about 4% to the local luminosity density, and $\\sim(10-16)$% to the local HI mass density. We found that the mean local barion density $\\Omega_b(<8$ Mpc) = 2.3% consists of only a half of the global barion density, $\\Omega_b=(4.7\\pm0.6)$% (Spergel et al. 2003). The mean-square pairwise difference of radial velocities is about 100 km s$^{-1}$ for spatial separations within 1 Mpc, increasing to $\\sim 300$ km s$^{-1}$ on a scale of $\\sim 3$ Mpc.
Impact of the local void on the cosmological parameters
Yu, Bo, E-mail: yubo@pmo.ac.cn [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, I discuss the effects of a local void on the cosmological parameters. It is found that, if the supernova distance is absolutely calibrated, then the bias of all the cosmological parameters is always important, while if the supernova distance is relatively calibrated, the largest effects will appear in the dark energy equation of state. For a local void of size ? 100 Mpc, the bias effects mainly manifest in the low redshift range. Therefore, the piecewise dark energy equation of state, especially the one in the range of lowest redshift, will be more strongly affected than the constant equation of state. In order to reduce this bias in constraining the cosmological parameters, one could require the distance of all the adopted supernovas be greater than 1.2 ? 1.5 times of the radius of the local void. In this case, the residual bias can be safely ignored.
Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Monahan, Christopher J. [College of William & Mary; Orginos, Kostas [William and Mary College, JLAB
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standard operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.
A renormalisation group method. II. Approximation by local polynomials
David C. Brydges; Gordon Slade
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
This paper is the second in a series devoted to the development of a rigorous renormalisation group method for lattice field theories involving boson fields, fermion fields, or both. The method is set within a normed algebra $\\mathcal{N}$ of functionals of the fields. In this paper, we develop a general method---localisation---to approximate an element of $\\mathcal{N}$ by a local polynomial in the fields. From the point of view of the renormalisation group, the construction of the local polynomial corresponding to $F$ in $\\mathcal{N}$ amounts to the extraction of the relevant and marginal parts of $F$. We prove estimates relating $F$ and its corresponding local polynomial, in terms of the $T_{\\phi}$ semi-norm introduced in part I of the series.
Localization and diffusion in polymer quantum field theory
Michele Arzano; Marco Letizia
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
Polymer quantization is a non-standard approach to quantizing a classical system inspired by background independent approaches to quantum gravity such as loop quantum gravity. When applied to field theory it introduces a characteristic polymer scale at the level of the fields classical configuration space. Compared with models with space-time discreteness or non-commutativity this is an alternative way in which a characteristic scale can be introduced in a field theoretic context. Motivated by this comparison we study here localization and diffusion properties associated with polymer field observables and dispersion relation in order to shed some light on the novel physical features introduced by polymer quantization. While localization processes seems to be only mildly affected by polymer effects, we find that polymer diffusion differs significantly from the "dimensional reduction" picture emerging in other Planck-scale models beyond local quantum field theory.
Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostas
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standardmore »operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.« less
Jakuba, Michael Vavrousek, 1976-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a stochastic mapping framework for autonomous robotic chemical plume source localization in environments with multiple sources. Potential applications for robotic chemical plume source localization ...
Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?
Stadler, Michael
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
as buffer for local renewables? Michael Stadler, Gonçaloas buffer for local renewables? *) Michael Stadler Gonçaloowners to integrate renewables and electric vehicles?
Obama Administration Announces $3.2 Billion in Funding for Local...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Announces Additional 33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico Obama Administration Announces Additional 102,508,400 for Local Energy...
Studies on the Local State of Charge (SOC) and Underlying Structures...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
the Local State of Charge (SOC) and Underlying Structures in Lithium Battery Electrodes Studies on the Local State of Charge (SOC) and Underlying Structures in Lithium Battery...
Accounting for Localized Defects in the Optoelectronic Design of Thin-Film Solar Cells
Deceglie, Michael G.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accounting for Localized Defects in the OptoelectronicH solar cells. Explicitly accounting for local variations inthe importance of accounting for defect geometry, and that
Localization of disordered bosons and magnets in random fields
Yu, Xiaoquan, E-mail: yuxq2008@gmail.com [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy) [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study, Centre for Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, Massey University, Auckland 0745 (New Zealand); Müller, Markus, E-mail: markusm@ictp.it [The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34151 Trieste (Italy)] [The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34151 Trieste (Italy)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study localization properties of disordered bosons and spins in random fields at zero temperature. We focus on two representatives of different symmetry classes, hard-core bosons (XY magnets) and Ising magnets in random transverse fields, and contrast their physical properties. We describe localization properties using a locator expansion on general lattices. For 1d Ising chains, we find non-analytic behavior of the localization length as a function of energy at ?=0, ?{sup ?1}(?)=?{sup ?1}(0)+A|?|{sup ?}, with ? vanishing at criticality. This contrasts with the much smoother behavior predicted for XY magnets. We use these results to approach the ordering transition on Bethe lattices of large connectivity K, which mimic the limit of high dimensionality. In both models, in the paramagnetic phase with uniform disorder, the localization length is found to have a local maximum at ?=0. For the Ising model, we find activated scaling at the phase transition, in agreement with infinite randomness studies. In the Ising model long range order is found to arise due to a delocalization and condensation initiated at ?=0, without a closing mobility gap. We find that Ising systems establish order on much sparser (fractal) subgraphs than XY models. Possible implications of these results for finite-dimensional systems are discussed. -- Highlights: •Study of localization properties of disordered bosons and spins in random fields. •Comparison between XY magnets (hard-core bosons) and Ising magnets. •Analysis of the nature of the magnetic transition in strong quenched disorder. •Ising magnets: activated scaling, no closing mobility gap at the transition. •Ising order emerges on sparser (fractal) support than XY order.
Local analysis of the history dependence in tetrahedra packings
N. Nirmal Thyagu; Max Neudecker; Matthias Schröter
2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
The mechanical properties of a granular sample can depend on the way the packing was prepared. However, the variables which store this information are often unknown. Here we present an X-ray tomography study of tetrahedra packings prepared with three different tapping strengths. Our main result is that the relative contribution of the three different contact types possible between tetrahedra -- face-to-face (F2F), edge-to-face (E2F), and point contacts -- is one variable which stores the preparation history. We show this by preparing pairs of packings that differ either in their bulk volume fraction $\\phi_{global}$ or in their number of mechanical constraints per particle $C$, where $C$ is determined from all three contact types which each fix a different amount of constraints. For the pairs with the same $\\phi_{global}$ the number of E2F and point contacts varies with preparation, while the number of F2F contacts stays constant. For the iso-constraint packings the relative contribution of all three contact types stays the same. We then perform a local analysis of the contact distribution by grouping the particles together according to their individual volume fraction $\\phi_{local}$ computed from a Voronoi tessellation. We find that the probability distribution of $\\phi_{local}$ depends only on $\\phi_{global}$, not on $C$. The number of F2F and E2F contacts increases in all experiments with $\\phi_{local}$; the number of point contacts, while always being the largest, decreases with $\\phi_{local}$. However, only the number of F2F contacts can be described by an universal function of $\\phi_{local}$. This behavior differs from spheres and ellipsoids and posses a significant constraint for any mean-field approach to tetrahedra packings.
Local businesses win 20/20 Campaign awards
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign InCenter (LMI-EFRC) Hotel &NUGVehiclesLivingplasmaLocal3Local
A Manifestly Local Theory of Vacuum Energy Sequestering
Nemanja Kaloper; Antonio Padilla; David Stefanyszyn; George Zahariade
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present a manifestly local, diffeomorphism invariant and locally Poincare invariant formulation of vacuum energy sequestering. In this theory, quantum vacuum energy generated by matter loops is cancelled by auxiliary fields. The auxiliary fields decouple from gravity almost completely. Their only residual effect is an {\\it a priori} arbitrary, finite contribution to the curvature of the background geometry, which is radiatively stable. Its value is to be determined by a measurement, like the finite part of any radiatively stable UV-sensitive quantity in quantum field theory
Power Purchase Agreement Checklist for State and Local Governments
Cory, K.; Canavan, B.; Koenig, R.
2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This fact sheet provides information and guidance on the solar photovoltaic (PV) power purchase agreement (PPA), which is a financing mechanism that state and local government entities can use to acquire clean, renewable energy. It addressed the financial, logistical, and legal questions relevant to implementing a PPA, but we do not examine the technical details?those can be discussed later with the developer/contractor. This fact sheet is written to support decision makers in U.S. state and local governments who are aware of solar PPAs and may have a cursory knowledge of their structure but they still require further information before committing to a particular project.
Higgs branch localization of 3d N=2 theories
Masashi Fujitsuka; Masazumi Honda; Yutaka Yoshida
2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on squashed 3-sphere and S^1xS^2. Recent studies have shown that the partition functions in a class of N=2 theories have factorized forms in terms of vortex and anti-vortex partition functions by explicitly evaluating matrix integrals obtained from Coulomb branch localization. We directly derive this structure by performing Higgs branch localization. It turns out that more general N=2 theories have this factorization property. We also discuss the factorization of supersymmetric Wilson loop.
The distribution of localization centers in some discrete random systems
Fumihiko Nakano
2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
As a supplement of our previous work, we consider the localized region of the random Schroedinger operators on $l^2({\\bf Z}^d)$ and study the point process composed of their eigenvalues and corresponding localization centers. For the Anderson model, we show that, this point process in the natural scaling limit converges in distribution to the Poisson process on the product space of energy and space. In other models with suitable Wegner-type bounds, we can at least show that any limiting point processes are infinitely divisible.
Modeling localized properties of E-rated laminating lumber
Richburg, Brent Allen
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Committee: Dr. Donald A. Bender The objective of this research was to develop stochastic models for localized modulus of elasticity (MOE) and tensile strength (T) of E-rated 2" x 6" Douglas-fir laminating lumber. The E-rated grades in the study were C14..., 2. 3 1/6, 2. 3 1/3, 2. 0 1/6, 2. 0 1/3, and 1. 7 1/4. L2 and L3 visual grades were also included. Localized property data are needed as input f' or stochastic Monte Carlo simulation models of glued-laminated (glulam) beam strength. Results...
INTERPLANETARY NETWORK LOCALIZATIONS OF KONUS SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS
Pal'shin, V. D.; Svinkin, D. S.; Aptekar, R. L.; Golenetskii, S. V.; Frederiks, D. D.; Mazets, E. P.; Oleynik, P. P.; Ulanov, M. V. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Cline, T.; Trombka, J.; McClanahan, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D. V.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B. [Space Research Institute, 84/32, Profsoyuznaya, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Boynton, W.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K., E-mail: val@mail.ioffe.ru [Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); and others
2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified as short bursts with extended emission). During this period, the Interplanetary Network (IPN) consisted of up to 11 spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 271 bursts were obtained. We present the most comprehensive IPN localization data on these events. The short burst detection rate, {approx}18 yr{sup -1}, exceeds that of many individual experiments.
Fractional Calculus for Continuum Mechanics - anisotropic non-locality
Wojciech Sumelka
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper the generalisation of previous author's formulation of fractional continuum mechanics to the case of anisotropic non-locality is presented. The considerations include the review of competitive formulations available in literature. The overall concept bases on the fractional deformation gradient which is non-local, as a consequence of fractional derivative definition. The main advantage of the proposed formulation is its analogical structure to the general framework of classical continuum mechanics. In this sense, it allows, to give similar physical and geometrical meaning of introduced objects.
A Manifestly Local Theory of Vacuum Energy Sequestering
Kaloper, Nemanja; Stefanyszyn, David; Zahariade, George
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a manifestly local, diffeomorphism invariant and locally Poincare invariant formulation of vacuum energy sequestering. In this theory, quantum vacuum energy generated by matter loops is cancelled by auxiliary fields. The auxiliary fields decouple from gravity almost completely. Their only residual effect is an {\\it a priori} arbitrary, finite contribution to the curvature of the background geometry, which is radiatively stable. Its value is to be determined by a measurement, like the finite part of any radiatively stable UV-sensitive quantity in quantum field theory
Training Workers to use Localized Ventilation for Radiological Work
WAGGONER, L.O.
2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Work on radiological systems and components needs to be accomplished using techniques that reduce radiation dose to workers, limit contamination spread, and minimize radioactive waste. One of the best methods to control contamination spread is to use localized ventilation to capture radioactive material and keep it from spreading. The Fluor Hanford ALARA Center teaches workers how to use ventilation in partnership with other engineered controls and this has resulted in improved work practices, minimized the impact on adjacent work operations, and decreased the amount of radioactive waste generated. This presentation will emphasize how the workers are trained to use localized ventilation for contamination control.
Think Global, Act Local; Projectome Estimation with BlueMatter
Wandell, Brian A.
[1]. Understanding the architecture of these long-range projections (the projectome) is importantThink Global, Act Local; Projectome Estimation with BlueMatter Anthony J. Sherbondy1 , Robert F, USA Abstract. Estimating the complete set of white matter fascicles (the projectome) from diffusion
Electromagnetic source localization with finite set of frequency measurements
Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Rab Nawaz; Saman Anjum
2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
A phase conjugation algorithm for localizing an extended radiating electromagnetic source from boundary measurements of the electric field is presented. Measurements are taken over a finite number of frequencies. The artifacts related to the finite frequency data are tackled with $l_1-$regularization blended with the fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm with backtracking of Beck & Teboulle.
Theory of weak localization in ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As
Garate, Ion; Sinova, Jairo; Jungwirth, T.; MacDonald, A. H.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study quantum interference corrections to the conductivity in (Ga,Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductors using a model with disordered valence-band holes coupled to localized Mn moments through a p-d kinetic-exchange interaction. We find that at Mn...
On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams
Keinan, Alon
On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone
20% Discount Available! Local Governance and Poverty in
van Rooij, Robert
20% Discount Available! Local Governance and Poverty in Developing Nations Edited by Nicky Pouw and Isa Baud This volume examines the persistence of poverty--both rural and urban--in developing, and CSOs in national and sub-national agenda-setting, policy-making, and poverty-reduction strategies
Edge-Localized Iterative Reconstruction for Computed Tomography
1 Edge-Localized Iterative Reconstruction for Computed Tomography Zhou Yu Student Member, IEEE) can greatly improve the quality of computed tomography (CT) images. In particular, MBR can recover at significantly reduced computational cost. Index Terms--Computed tomography, model based reconstruc- tion
Edge-Localized Iterative Reconstruction for Computed Tomography
Edge-Localized Iterative Reconstruction for Computed Tomography Zhou Yu Student Member, IEEE, Jean the quality of computed tomography (CT) images. In particular, MBR can recover fine details and small features reduced computational cost. Index Terms--Computed tomography, model based reconstruc- tion, coordinate
Localization in Sensor Networks Based on Log Range Observations
Gustafsson, Fredrik
acoustic, seismic, magnetic, radio, microwave and in- frared sensors. The received energy from such sensors to extend the algorithms to target tracking. Explicit formulas for the Cram´er- Rao lower bound are given localization, but the reverse problem of navigation of one sensor from several beacons ('targets') with known
Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A
Xue, Ming
Chapter 6 Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A Driver for Petascale Computing Ming .................................................. 116 6.4 Numerical Weather Prediction Challenges and Requirements .......... 119 6.5 Summary The so-called mesoscale and convective scale weather events, including floods, tornadoes, hail, strong
Distributed Optimal Estimation from Relative Measurements for Localization
Hespanha, Joăo Pedro
" measurement between xu and xv is available: uv = xu - xv + uv, (1) P. Gibbons et al. (Eds.): DCOSS 2006, LNCS from Relative Measurements 267 where the uv's are uncorrelated zero-mean noise vectors with knownDistributed Optimal Estimation from Relative Measurements for Localization and Time Synchronization
Title of dissertation: GLOBAL PHENOMENA FROM LOCAL RULES
Rubloff, Gary W.
ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: GLOBAL PHENOMENA FROM LOCAL RULES: PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKS AND CRYSTAL STEPS Amy Finkbiner, Doctor of Philosophy, 2007 Dissertation directed by: Professor James Yorke rules can generate interesting behavior in dynamical systems. This dissertation examines some real world
Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under conformal transformations
Angus Prain; Vincenzo Vitagliano; Valerio Faraoni; Marianne Lapierre-Léonard
2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
We derive a formula describing the transformation of the Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under a conformal rescaling of the spacetime metric. A known formula for the transformation of the Misner-Sharp-Hernandez mass is recovered as a special case.
Micro-analysis and localization of camptothecin in Camptotheca acu
Nolte, Beth Anne
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
with anti-CPT. Secondary metabolite leaching during fixation was ruled out and vacuolar localization of CPT was confirmed. The amount and distribution of anti-CPT label varied with leaf development beginning with the mesophyll and subpalisade layer of small...
Local RBF Approximation for Scattered Data Fitting with Bivariate Splines
Davydov, Oleg
and large scale optimization problems arising if the interpolating, smoothing or minimal energy spline in [5], a hybrid polynomial/radial basis scheme was considered in [4], where the local knot locations of radial basis functions, so defining hybrid approximations which are still computed by discrete least
Phase-space localization: Topological aspects of quantum chaos
Leboeuf, P. (Division de Physique Theorique, Institut de Physique Nucleire, 91406 Orsay CEDEX (France)); Kurchan, J. (Nuclear Physics Department, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)); Feingold, M. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA (USA) Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA (USA)); Arovas, D.P. (Department of Physics, B-019, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA (USA))
1990-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study quantized classically chaotic maps on a toroidal two-diensional phase space. A discrete, topological criterion for phase-space localization is presented. To each eigenfunction an integer is associated, analogous to a quantized Hall conductivity, which when nonzero reflects phase-space delocalization. A model system is studied, and a correspondence between delocalization and chaotic classical dynamics is discussed.
Remote Homolog Detection Using Local SequenceStructure Correlations
Bystroff, Chris
Remote Homolog Detection Using Local SequenceStructure Correlations Yuna Hou,1* Wynne Hsu,1 Mong 2 Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York ABSTRACT Remote homology similarity. In this article, we present a remote homolog detection method called SVM-HMMSTR that overcomes
BOCKSTEIN HOMOMORPHISMS IN LOCAL ANURAG K. SINGH AND ULI WALTHER
Walther, Uli
BOCKSTEIN HOMOMORPHISMS IN LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ANURAG K. SINGH AND ULI WALTHER Abstract. Let R by NSF grants DMS 0555319 and DMS 0901123, and by NSA grant H98230-06-1-0012. 1 #12;2 ANURAG K. SINGH]; these are not integral domains. Subsequently, Singh and Swanson [SS] constructed families of graded hypersurfaces R over
Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs
Diestel, Reinhard
Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs von Melanie Win Myint, M. S. Dem Department-Right Tours 29 6 LRTs Generate the Bicycle Space 43 7 The ABL Planarity Criterion 53 8 Pedestrian Graphs 69 bicycles and some other concepts they relate to, such as left- right tours and pedestrian graphs
Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference
Anandkumar, Animashree
Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference Animashree--The problem of minimum cost in-network fusion of measurements, collected from distributed sensors via multihop, which implies that any Steiner- tree approximation can be employed for minimum cost fusion with the same
Low resolution conductivity estimation to improve source localization
Utah, University of
source analysis in the brain is sensitive to the conductivities of head tissues, which vary across of 10-8 ) [4]. Fig. 1. Realistic four compartment (scalp, skull, CSF, brain) finite element head model Neuroscience, University of California San Diego, USA Abstract. Bioelectric source localization in the brain
Locally robust implementation and its limits Philippe Jehiely
Franz, Sven Oliver
than ex-post implementation, but we show that no regular allocation function is locally robust that only trivial allocation functions are implementable when payo¤ types are multi of agents, any robustly implementable choice function is also dominant-strategy implementable when
Symmetry and Localized Control of Extended Chaotic Systems
Grigoriev, Roman
Symmetry and Localized Control of Extended Chaotic Systems Thesis by Roman O. Grigoriev In Partial a practically sound algorithm for controlling the chaos in general spatially extended experimental systems systems and which violates a number of assumptions of genericity made by conventional control theory
Sensor based localization for multiple mobile robots using virtual links
Rynn, Andrew John
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
of sensors. The objective of my research is to develop a method for the localization of multiple mobile robots equipped with inexpensive range sensors in an indoor environment. Each mobile robot will be equipped with a rotating infrared sensor and a...
Cellular Function and Localization of Circadian Clock Proteins in Cyanobacteria
Dong, Guogang
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
................................................................................................77 Polar Localization of CikA Is a Function of Its Pseudo-receiver (PsR) Domain ....................................................................................81 Discussion... Is Not Required for Cell Elongation........................................................................................40 Figure 2.5. High ATPase Activity of KaiC Coincides with Cell Elongation. ........43 Figure 2.6. SasA and RpaA Are Downstream...
PHOTOGRAMMETRY BASED ERROR ANALYSIS OF INDOOR MOBILE ROBOT LOCALIZATION *
Font, Josep Maria
.benedico, josep.m.font}@upc.edu ABSTRACT The presented work is a low cost "off-line" method that is able of the mobile object, localization will require higher or lower degrees of precision. This precision are the innovative tracking lasers used for metrology, like the LT800 model from Leica GeoSystems [1]. It allows
Determination of the Acceptable Room Temperature Range for Local Cooling
Zhang, Y.; Zhao, R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Determination of the acceptable room temperature range is a key problem in satisfactory design of local cooling for energy savings. At the room temperatures ranging from neutral to warm, three sensitive body parts-the face, chest and back-were each...
Local Multidimensional Scaling for Nonlinear Dimension Reduction, Graph Drawing,
Chen, Lisha
analysis; Energy functions; Force-directed layout; Isomap; Local linear embedding; Multidimensional scaling to capture the most variation in multivariate data, whereasMDS aims to preserve proximity/distance between'' or Isomap (Tenenbaum, Silva, and Langford 2000), builds on classical MDS but measures large distances
St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to
St Andrews, University of
St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to allow you to recycle the following materials: To find your nearest Recycling Point please visit www.fifedirect.org.uk/wasteaware or call the Recycling Helpline on 08451 55 00 22. R&A GOLF CLUB OLD COURSE HOTEL UNIVERSITY NORTH HAUGH
The Estimation of Statistical Parameters for Local Alignment Score Distributions
Bundschuh, Ralf
Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894 2 Department. Altschul 1 , Ralf Bundschuh 2 , Rolf Olsen 2 and Terence Hwa 2 1 National Center for Biotechnology Abstract The distribution of optimal local alignment scores of random sequences plays a vital role
Charge regulation and local dielectric function in planar polyelectrolyte brushes
Rajeev Kumar; Bobby G. Sumpter; S. Michael Kilbey II
2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the effect of inhomogeneity on the charge regulation and dielectric properties, and how it depends on the conformational characteristics of the macromolecules is a long-standing problem. In order to address this problem, we have developed a field-theory to study charge regulation and local dielectric function in planar polyelectrolyte brushes. The theory is used to study a polyacid brush, which is comprised of chains end-grafted at the solid-fluid interface, in equilibrium with a bulk solution containing monovalent salt ions, solvent molecules and pH controlling acid. In particular, we focus on the effects of the concentration of added salt and pH of the bulk in determining the local charge and dielectric function. Our theoretical investigations reveal that the dipole moment of the ion-pairs formed as a result of counterion adsorption on the chain backbones play a key role in affecting the local dielectric function. For polyelectrolytes made of monomers having dipole moments lower than the solvent molecules, dielectric decrement is predicted inside the brush region. However, the formation of ion-pairs (due to adsorption of counterions coming from the dissociation of added salt) more polar than the solvent molecules is shown to increase the magnitude of the dielectric function with respect to its bulk value. Furthermore, an increase in the bulk salt concentration is shown to increase the local charge inside the brush region.
Comparative Study Of Local Descriptors For Measuring Object Taxonomy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Comparative Study Of Local Descriptors For Measuring Object Taxonomy B. Hemery1 H. Laurent2 B automatically an object taxonomy. In order to answer this question, we use the Caltech256 benchmark which provides a large object taxonomy used as reference. This study shows that SIFT, differential invariants
Chaos expansion of local time of fractional Brownian motions
Hu, Yaozhong; Oksendal, B.
2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We find the chaos expansion of local time l(T)((H))(x, (.)) of fractional Brownian motion with Hurst coefficient H is an element of (0, 1) at a point x is an element of R-d. As an application we show that when H(0)d < 1 then l...
EULERIANLAGRANGIAN LOCALIZED ADJOINT METHODS FOR REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER \\Lambda
Ewing, Richard E.
EULERIANLAGRANGIAN LOCALIZED ADJOINT METHODS FOR REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER \\Lambda RICHARD in groundwater flowing through an adsorbing porous medium. These ELLAM schemes are developed for various and discussed. x1. Introduction. In recent years, the contamination and pollution of groundwater resources have
Performing local similarity searches with variable length seeds
CsĂĽrĂ¶s, MiklĂłs
Performing local similarity searches with variable length seeds MiklÂ´os CsurÂ¨os DÂ´epartement d manner. The algorithm uses a single parameter to control the speed of the similarity search there are many inventions that improve the speed of a full sensitivity search (e.g., [3]), a full-scale search
ON LOCAL GEOMETRY OF VECTOR DISTRIBUTIONS WITH GIVEN JACOBI SYMBOLS
Zelenko, Igor
ON LOCAL GEOMETRY OF VECTOR DISTRIBUTIONS WITH GIVEN JACOBI SYMBOLS BORIS DOUBROV AND IGOR ZELENKO generating distribution, the Jacobi symbol. In contrast to the classical Tanaka symbol, the set of Jacobi Jacobi symbol. We describe all Jacobi symbols for which this procedure ends up in a finite number
Civic Engagement and Trust in National and Local Governments
Nakajo, Miwa
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
. The central argument of my dissertation is that the mechanisms shaping citizens’ trust in each level of government are different. I argue that trust in local government largely stems from civic engagement while trust in federal government is mainly a function...
Reactive Stochastic Local Search Algorithms for the Genomic Median Problem
Wolf, Christian
Reactive Stochastic Local Search Algorithms for the Genomic Median Problem Renaud Lenne1 5558, UniversitÂ´e de Lyon 1, France eric.tannier@inria.fr Abstract. The genomic median problem of the common ancestor to multiple living species. It is formulated as the search for a genome that minimizes
Local Randomization in Neighbor Selection Improves PRM Roadmap Quality
Boyd, Bryan 1985-
2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
Platform . . . . . . . 21 V RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 A. Selecting Parameters For LocalRand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 B. LR-Opt(k) Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 C. Comparison... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 APPENDIX B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 vii LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page I k? selected for LR-Opt(k), for each k (baseline study) . . . . . . . . . . 26 II k? selected for LR-Opt(k), shown as multiple...
Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field
Xu, Xianfan
Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field Nan Zhou, Edward, 2011 Nanoscale bowtie antenna and bowtie aperture antenna have been shown to generate strongly enhanced. In this Letter, we discuss the enhancement of magnetic field intensity of nanoscale complementary bowtie aperture
Triangular and Quadrilateral Surface Mesh Quality Optimization Using Local
Shashkov, Mikhail
quality solid meshes. Since surface meshes define external and internal boundaries of computational and mixed meshes in the plane [16]. However, optimization of surface meshes must address addi- tional in a locally derived tangent plane and then pull the vertex back to the smo
LOGICAL QUERY COMPOSITION FROM LOCAL VISUAL FEATURE THESAURUS
Fauqueur, Julien
LOGICAL QUERY COMPOSITION FROM LOCAL VISUAL FEATURE THESAURUS Julien FAUQUEUR and Nozha BOUJEMAA photometric thesaurus. It gives an overview of the database content in the query interface. Unsupervised generation of this thesaurus is based on grouping similar regions into "region categories". The user can
Locally stationary wavelet coherence with application to neuroscience
Fryzlewicz, Piotr
Locally stationary wavelet coherence with application to neuroscience Jean Sanderson1 and Piotr extensively in neuroscience in order to study the interdependence between two simultaneously recorded signals (Pereda et al. (2005)). Neurophysiological time series are inherently non-stationary, and the detection
Distributed Algorithms for the Lovsz Local Lemma and Graph Coloring
Cafarella, Michael J.
(LLL), introduced by Erdos and Lov´asz in 1975, is a powerful tool of the probabilistic method at Aarhus Uni- versity, supported by Danish National Research Foundation grant DNRF84. Permission to make method; locality 1. INTRODUCTION Consider a system P of independent random variables and a set A of n bad
Directed Polymers in Random Environment: Path Localization and Strong Disorder
Directed Polymers in Random Environment: Path Localization and Strong Disorder Francis COMETS@math.jussieu.fr Tokuzo SHIGA Tokyo Institute of Technology Ohokayama, Meguroku, Tokyo 1528551 Japan email tshiga environment. Under mild assumptions on the environment, we prove here: (i) equivalence of decay rate
Contemporary Mathematics Local Non-injectivity for Weighted Radon Transforms
Boman, Jan
Contemporary Mathematics Local Non-injectivity for Weighted Radon Transforms Jan Boman Abstract. A weighted plane Radon transform R is considered, where (x, L) is a smooth positive function. It is proved of smooth positive weight functions. 1. Introduction We shall consider a weighted plane Radon transform (1
Theory and Simulation of Neoclassical Transport Processes, with Local Trapping
California at San Diego, University of
Theory and Simulation of Neoclassical Transport Processes, with Local Trapping Daniel H. E. Dubin of a plasma with static electric and/or magnetic fields are of central importance in plasma theory and experiment. For exam- ple, in the theory of neoclassical transport, a magnetically confined plasma interacts
Quantum search by local adiabatic evolution Jeremie Roland1
Cerf, Nicolas
item in an unstructured database. We find that by adjusting the evolution rate of the Hamiltonian soQuantum search by local adiabatic evolution Je´re´mie Roland1 and Nicolas J. Cerf1,2 1 Ecole as to keep the evolution adiabatic on each infinitesimal time interval, the total running time is of order N
Local, instantaneous heat transfer in pulse-stabilized fluidization
Pence, D.V. [Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics; Beasley, D.E. [Clemson Univ., SC (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The Pulsed Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustor (PAFBC), a hybrid combustor concept that couples a pulsed combustor with an atmospheric bubbling fluidized bed, has technical advantages in energy efficiency and emissions. The present study examines the effect of an opposing oscillatory flow on the local, instantaneous heat transfer in a laboratory scale bubbling gas-fluidized bed. This opposing secondary flow consisted of a steady mean component and an oscillating component thereby modeling the flow in the tailpipe of a pulsed combustor. Spectral and contact time analyses of local, instantaneous heat flux measurements from a heated, submerged horizontal cylinder clearly indicate that the bed hydrodynamics were significantly altered by the opposing secondary flow. These heat flux measurements were accomplished by employing an isothermal platinum film heat flux gage. For the present investigation, data were acquired for a monodisperse distribution of particles with a mean diameter of 345 {micro}m and total fluidization ratios ranging from 1.1 through 2.7. Heat transfer observed under conditions of secondary flows with a superimposed waveform exhibit characteristics of globally dominated, as opposed to locally dominated, hydrodynamics. For low primary and secondary flow rates and a forcing frequency of 5 Hz, a substantial enhancement in heat transfer was observed. Increases in the bubble phase and emulsion phase heat transfer coefficients were identified as the primary contributors to the observed increases in time-averaged local heat transfer coefficients.
Bayesian Color Estimation for Adaptive Vision-based Robot Localization
Schulz, Dirk
to variations in the lighting condition, a robot needs to adapt its color model to such changes. We propose that the robot can localize under different lighting conditions and adapt to changes in the lighting condition Gaussian color model which enables a robot to quickly adapt to different lighting conditions. The lower
Localized radio frequency communication using asynchronous transfer mode protocol
Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM); Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierson, Lyndon G. (Albuquerque, NM)
2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
A localized wireless communication system for communication between a plurality of circuit boards, and between electronic components on the circuit boards. Transceivers are located on each circuit board and electronic component. The transceivers communicate with one another over spread spectrum radio frequencies. An asynchronous transfer mode protocol controls communication flow with asynchronous transfer mode switches located on the circuit boards.
Improving Bug Localization using Correlations in Crash Reports
Zou, Ying
Improving Bug Localization using Correlations in Crash Reports Shaohua Wang School of Computing organizations rely on automatic problem reporting tools to collect crash reports directly from users' environments. These crash reports are later grouped together into crash types. Usually, developers prioritize
Sensor Localization and Camera Calibration using Low Power Cameras
Savvides, Andreas
Sensor Localization and Camera Calibration using Low Power Cameras Dimitrios Lymberopoulos, Andrew low-power imagers offer an information rich sensing modality that can detect fea- tures from a scene with a COTS camera module, similar to the one used in cellphones. To experiment with camera related sensor
Learning From Data Locally and Globally Huang, Kaizhu
King, Kuo Chin Irwin
information and invariance etc, these learning approaches usually have to assume a specific type.g., the structure information. Therefore, this restricts the learning performance of this types of learning schemesLearning From Data Locally and Globally Huang, Kaizhu A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment
Mobile Robot Sonar for Target Localization and Classification1
Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet
and characterize the sensor. 1Work performed while L. Kleeman was on sabbatical leave at the Intelligent Sensors, Wellington Rd, Clayton 3168, AUSTRALIA. 3Intelligent Sensors Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and mapping of indoor environments. The ultrasonic sensor localizes and classifies multiple targets in two
Computing local p-adic height pairings on hyperelliptic curves
Balakrishnan, Jennifer S
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe an algorithm to compute the local component at p of the Coleman-Gross p-adic height pairing on divisors on hyperelliptic curves. As the height pairing is given in terms of a Coleman integral, we also provide new techniques to evaluate Coleman integrals of meromorphic differentials and present our algorithms as implemented in Sage.
Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature
Myneni, Ranga B.
Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature Shu-Shi Penga , Shilong Piaoa,b,1) and to increase nighttime LST by about 0.2 ± 0.5 °C, on aver- age. The observed daytime cooling is a result of increased evapo- transpiration. The nighttime warming is found to increase with latitude and decrease
Atmospheric Dispersion Lecture Atmospheric Local-Scale Dispersion Modelling.
heterogeneous temperature and pressure fields. Local heat flux depends on the position of the point to the sun-resting global circulation of air masses is the unequal distribution of solar heat flux to the earth surface). The temperature depends on the heat transfer and capacity characteristics of the surface (sea, soil, desert
Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances
Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances Title: San Mateo County Green Mateo County Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study December 31, 2009 Report prepared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for the San Mateo County Green Building Ordinance, 12
A SPATIAL WEB GRAPH MODEL WITH LOCAL INFLUENCE REGIONS
Pralat, Pawel
mining technique, web pages are often represented as vectors in a word-document space. Using LatentA SPATIAL WEB GRAPH MODEL WITH LOCAL INFLUENCE REGIONS W. AIELLO, A. BONATO, C. COOPER, J. JANSSEN-degree distribution, with exponent in [2, ) depending on the parameters, and with concentration for a wide range of in
Radio Imaging by Cooperative Wireless Network: Localization Algorithms and Experiments
Savazzi, Stefano
Radio Imaging by Cooperative Wireless Network: Localization Algorithms and Experiments Stefano-mail: (savazzi, nicoli)@elet.polimi.it Abstract-- Radio imaging allows to locate and track passive targets (i. INTRODUCTION Radio Imaging is an emerging technology for locating and tracking moving objects or people
Network Formation and Routing by Strategic Agents using Local Contracts
Anshelevich, Elliot
Network Formation and Routing by Strategic Agents using Local Contracts Elliot Anshelevich1, Murray Hill, NJ. Abstract. The Internet consists of various independent entities that range from small their business goals. For example, customers accept contracts with ISPs to connect them to the Internet while
Topology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps
Sadeh, Norman M.
, evidence-based programs, and service delivery, and health care reform are innovations Author AffiliationsTopology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps Jacqueline Merrill, RN, MPH: To determine how a health officials' advice network might contribute to a high-performing public health systems
Local Convergence Rates of Simple Evolutionary Algorithms with Cauchy Mutations
Rudolph, Günter
with con- tinuous variables is the normal distribution however other distributions, especially some versions of the multivariate Cauchy distribution, have recently gained increased popularity in practical applications. Here the extent to which Cauchy mutation distributions maya ect the local convergence behavior
Urdu Localization Project: Lexicon, MT and TTS (ULP) Sarmad HUSSAIN
-10% of these people are familiar with English. Therefore, Government of Pakistan has embarked on a project which in these languages is still limited, and far lags behind the content available for English, Spanish and some other to information to its citizens, Government of Pakistan has recently launched Urdu Localization Project1. 1 Urdu
Math Learning Center Undergraduate Tutor Application LOCAL/ Bozeman address: Phone
Maxwell, Bruce D.
Math Learning Center Undergraduate Tutor Application Name: ID# LOCAL/ Bozeman address: Phone: City Rosenstein in the Math Department. (Email: sabrina.rosenstein@montana.edu) Name of reference Please list all the college math courses you have taken and the grade received. In the space below, discuss your reasons
Test Case Purification for Improving Fault Localization Jifeng Xuan
Test Case Purification for Improving Fault Localization Jifeng Xuan INRIA Lille - Nord Europe Lille on the execution trace of test cases. Failing test cases and their assertions form test oracles for the failing behavior of the system under analysis. In this paper, we propose a novel concept of spectrum driven test
SeRLoc: Robust Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks
Hochberg, Michael
SeRLoc: Robust Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks LOUKAS LAZOS and RADHA POOVENDRAN University of Washington Many distributed monitoring applications of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require of Wireless Sensor Networks to determine their location in an untrusted environment, known as the secure
Continuous Differentiability of Renormalized Intersection Local Times in R^{1}
Rosen, Jay S
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study $\\gamma_{k}(x_2,...,x_k;t)$, the k-fold renormalized self-intersection local time for Brownian motion in $R^1$. Our main result says that $\\gamma_{k}(x_2,...,x_k;t)$ is continuously differentiable in the spatial variables, with probability 1.
Dynamic Cooperative Coevolutionary Sensor Deployment via Localized Fitness Evaluation
Chen, Yuanzhu Peter
Dynamic Cooperative Coevolutionary Sensor Deployment via Localized Fitness Evaluation Xingyan Jiang used to evaluate the quality of sensor placement. The first one is sensing coverage, which is the area interest in autonomous sensor deployment, where a sensor can only communicate with those within a limited
Experimental Evaluation of an Angle Based Indoor Localization System
Nasipuri, Asis
Experimental Evaluation of an Angle Based Indoor Localization System Asis Nasipuri and Ribal El available off-the-shelf components. Wireless sensor nodes equipped with photo sensors determine is required at the sensor nodes. The system also does not involve any centralized server or off
Movement Detection for Power-Efficient Smartphone WLAN Localization
Chang, Mark L.
, power-efficiency, smartphone, exper- imental evaluation, accelerometer 1. INTRODUCTION The continued on radio frequency ID (RFID) tags, infrared transceivers, custom radio systems, and 802.11 WLAN to localize only when a user moves, thereby reducing power consumption. Since this sensor requires much less
Intensity-based Object Localization and Tracking with Wireless Sensors
Braun, Torsten
- ticular when using the motion sensor. Due to these insights we can use the passive infrared sensor (PIRIntensity-based Object Localization and Tracking with Wireless Sensors Markus Waelchli, Samuel {waelchli, bissig, braun}@iam.unibe.ch ABSTRACT In this paper we present a first evaluation
Towards local progression estimation of pulmonary emphysema using CT
Staring, M., E-mail: m.staring@lumc.nl; Bakker, M. E.; Shamonin, D. P.; Reiber, J. H. C.; Stoel, B. C. [Department of Radiology, Division of Image Processing, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Division of Image Processing, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands); Stolk, J. [Department of Pulmonology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Whole lung densitometry on chest CT images is an accepted method for measuring tissue destruction in patients with pulmonary emphysema in clinical trials. Progression measurement is required for evaluation of change in health condition and the effect of drug treatment. Information about the location of emphysema progression within the lung may be important for the correct interpretation of drug efficacy, or for determining a treatment plan. The purpose of this study is therefore to develop and validate methods that enable the local measurement of lung density changes, which requires proper modeling of the effect of respiration on density. Methods: Four methods, all based on registration of baseline and follow-up chest CT scans, are compared. The first naďve method subtracts registered images. The second employs the so-called dry sponge model, where volume correction is performed using the determinant of the Jacobian of the transformation. The third and the fourth introduce a novel adaptation of the dry sponge model that circumvents its constant-mass assumption, which is shown to be invalid. The latter two methods require a third CT scan at a different inspiration level to estimate the patient-specific density-volume slope, where one method employs a global and the other a local slope. The methods were validated on CT scans of a phantom mimicking the lung, where mass and volume could be controlled. In addition, validation was performed on data of 21 patients with pulmonary emphysema. Results: The image registration method was optimized leaving a registration error below half the slice increment (median 1.0 mm). The phantom study showed that the locally adapted slope model most accurately measured local progression. The systematic error in estimating progression, as measured on the phantom data, was below 2 gr/l for a 70 ml (6%) volume difference, and 5 gr/l for a 210 ml (19%) difference, if volume correction was applied. On the patient data an underlying linearity assumption relating lung volume change with density change was shown to hold (fitR{sup 2} = 0.94), and globalized versions of the local models are consistent with global results (R{sup 2} of 0.865 and 0.882 for the two adapted slope models, respectively). Conclusions: In conclusion, image matching and subsequent analysis of differences according to the proposed lung models (i) has good local registration accuracy on patient data, (ii) effectively eliminates a dependency on inspiration level at acquisition time, (iii) accurately predicts progression in phantom data, and (iv) is reasonably consistent with global results in patient data. It is therefore a potential future tool for assessing local emphysema progression in drug evaluation trials and in clinical practice.
State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.
HJB---Mar/94 Theory of Local Observables and KMS--Condition
that locality and spectrum condition seem to be good for defining acceptable dynamics. If we use the theoryHJB--- Mar/94 Theory of Local Observables and KMS--Condition Dedicated to Bert Schroer is a theory of local observables then it will be shown that locality condition implies that there do not exist
Robust local testability of tensor products of LDPC Irit Dinur1
Sudan, Madhu
, then with noticeable probability the local view of the tester is far from an accepting local view. It is very easyRobust local testability of tensor products of LDPC codes Irit Dinur1 , Madhu Sudan2 , and Avi is what we refer to as smooth. We show that expander codes and locally-testable codes are smooth
Identification of Local Clusters for Count Data: A Model-Based Moran's I Test
Zhang, Tonglin
in detecting local clusters by local association terms with an acceptable type I error probability. When usedIdentification of Local Clusters for Count Data: A Model-Based Moran's I Test Tonglin Zhang and Ge@wvu.edu 0 #12;Identification of Local Clusters for Count Data: A Model-Based Moran's I Test Abstract We set
Multiple Event Localization in a Sparse Acoustic Sensor Network Using UAVs as Data Mules
Hespanha, Joăo Pedro
, localization, and verification of mul- tiple acoustic events using sparsely deployed unattended ground sensors
Barrett, Jeffrey A.
07/24/12 UAW Local 2865 Membership Election Form UAW Local 2865 is the Union representing academic student employees (ASEs) at the University of California (UC). As the exclusive representative, the Union representatives, and otherwise participate in the Union. Or I decline membership in UAW Local 2865. As a non
Testing the EPR Locality using B-Mesons
Tsubasa Ichikawa; Satoshi Tamura; Izumi Tsutsui
2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study the possibility of testing local realistic theory (LRT), envisioned implicitly by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen in 1935, based on the Bell inequality for the correlations in the decay modes of entangled K or B-mesons. It is shown that such a test is possible for a restricted class of LRT, despite the passive nature of decay events and/or the non-unitary treatment of the correlations which invalidate the test for general LRT. Unfortunately, the present setup of the KEKB (Belle) experiment, where the coherence of entangled B-mesons has been confirmed recently, does not admit such a test due to the inability of determining the decay times of the entangled pairs separately. The indeterminacy also poses a problem for ensuring the locality of the test, indicating that improvement to resolve the indeterminacy is crucial for the test of LRT.
Equation of state of gluon plasma from local action
Zwanziger, Daniel [New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States)
2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We review recent analytic and numerical results concerning the confinement scenario in Coulomb gauge. We then consider a local, renormalizable, BRST(Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin)-invariant action for QCD in Coulomb gauge that contains auxiliary bose and fermi ghost fields and sources. When the auxiliary fields are integrated out, one obtains the standard Coulomb gauge action with a cutoff at the Gribov horizon. We use the local formulation to calculate the leading correction to the Stefan-Boltzmann equation of state at high temperature due to the cutoff at the Gribov horizon. It is of order g{sup 6}, which is precisely the order at which the infrared divergence found by Linde divergence first occurs. No such divergence arises in the present calculation because the propagator of would-be physical gluons is suppressed in the infrared due to the proximity of the Gribov horizon in infrared directions.
Enhanced Electromagnetic Chirality by Locally Excited Surface Plasmon Polaritons
Alizadeh, M H
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The possibility to enhance chiral light-matter interactions through plasmonic nanostructures provides entirely new opportunities for greatly improving the detection limits of chiroptical spectroscopies down to the single molecule level. The most pronounced of these chiral interactions occur in the ultraviolet (UV) range of the electromagnetic spectrum, which is difficult to access with conventional localized plasmon resonance based sensors. Although Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPPs) on noble metal films can sustain resonances in the desired spectral range, their transverse magnetic nature has been an obstacle for enhancing chiroptical effects. Here we demonstrate, both analytically and numerically, that SPPs excited by near-field sources can exhibit rich and non-trivial chiral characteristics. In particular, we show that the excitation of SPPs by a chiral source not only results in a locally enhanced optical chirality but also achieves manifold enhancement of net optical chirality. Our finding that SPPs facil...
The local potential approximation in the background field formalism
I. Hamzaan Bridle; Juergen A. Dietz; Tim R. Morris
2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
Working within the familiar local potential approximation, and concentrating on the example of a single scalar field in three dimensions, we show that the commonly used approximation method of identifying the total and background fields, leads to pathologies in the resulting fixed point structure and the associated spaces of eigenoperators. We then show how a consistent treatment of the background field through the corresponding modified shift Ward identity, can cure these pathologies, restoring universality of physical quantities with respect to the choice of dependence on the background field, even within the local potential approximation. Along the way we point out similarities to what has been previously found in the f(R) approximation in asymptotic safety for gravity.
A Topological Framework for Local Structure Analysis in Condensed Matter
Lazar, Emanuel A; Srolovitz, David J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Physical systems are frequently modeled as sets of points in space, each representing the position of an atom, molecule, or mesoscale particle. As many properties of such systems depend on the underlying ordering of their constituent particles, understanding that structure is a primary objective of condensed matter research. Although perfect crystals are fully described by a set of translation and basis vectors, real-world materials are never perfect, as thermal vibrations and defects introduce significant deviation from ideal order. Meanwhile, liquids and glasses present yet more complexity. A complete understanding of structure thus remains a central, open problem. Here we propose a unified mathematical framework, based on the topology of the Voronoi cell of a particle, for classifying local structure in ordered and disordered systems that is powerful and practical. We explain the underlying reason why this topological description of local structure is better suited for structural analysis than continuous d...