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1

Local Cohomology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ian there is t(a) 2N :(. p. a)t(a) ...... ian local A-algebra (B;n) over a Noetherian local ring (A;m) such that for ...... Since in the above displayed sequence= R1,.

2

Local Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Transportation. Transportation from the Airport to Hotel. There are two types of taxi companies that operate at the airport: special and regular taxis (

3

Local Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-Fractal Behaviour

4

Local Universities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCentera A B C D E F G HLoanTexasLocal

5

Quantum Locality?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a ‘consistent quantum theory’ (CQT) that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues, on the basis of his examination of certain arguments that claim to demonstrate the existence of such nonlocal influences, that such influences do not exist. However, his examination was restricted mainly to hidden-variable-based arguments that include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by attributing to the system properties alien to that system. Hence Griffiths’ rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence for nonlocal influences. But he did not examine the particular proof that he cites. An examination of that particular proof by the method specified by his ‘consistent quantum theory’ shows that the cited proof is valid within that restrictive framework. This necessary existence, within the ‘consistent’ framework, of long range essentially instantaneous influences refutes the claim made by Griffiths that his ‘consistent’ framework is superior to the orthodox quantum theory of von Neumann because it does not entail instantaneous influences. An added section responds to Griffiths’ reply, which cites a litany of ambiguities that seem to restrict, devastatingly, the scope of his CQT formalism, apparently to buttress his claim that my use of that formalism to validate the nonlocality theorem is flawed. But the vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.

Stapp, Henry

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

6

Local Writhing Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an alternative local definition of the writhe of a self-avoiding closed loop which differs from the traditional non-local definition by an integer. When studying dynamics this difference is immaterial. We employ a formula due to Aldinger, Klapper and Tabor for the change in writhe and propose a set of local, link preserving dynamics in an attempt to unravel some puzzles about actin.

Randall D. Kamien

1997-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

7

Local Incentives (Massachusetts)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Massachusetts Office of Business Development helps companies to identify communities interested in offering locally-negotiated incentives, such as Tax Increment Financing (TIF), Special Tax...

8

State and Local Incentives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To help you make energy efficiency improvements in your commercial building, your state and/or local community might offer incentives or have special programs.

9

Local Public Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24. How to cite this article Quigley, John M. "local publicEW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These papers arelocal public finance John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

Quigley, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Local Public Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cite this article Quigley, John M. "local public finance."HE N EW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These paperslocal public finance John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

Quigley, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Sampling based on local bandwidth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sampling of continuous-time signals based on local bandwidth is considered in this thesis. In an intuitive sense, local bandwidth refers to the rate at which a signal varies locally. One would expect that signals should ...

Wei, Dennis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Orleans Local Coastal Program (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Local Coastal Programs Section provides technical assistance, guidance, and management to parishes in the development, approval, and implementation of local coastal programs (LCP). Once an LCP...

13

Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using DFT Sergio Orozco Student Advisor: Chen Huang Faculty Mentor Lithium LPS Test Lithium LPS #12;Density Functional Theory (DFT) Successful quantum mechanical approach (1979) #12;Building LPS for Lithium Create a LPS using NLPS density for Lithium Test LPS by comparing

Petta, Jason

14

Local microwave background radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

Domingos Soares

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

15

Local Safety Committee Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minutes Local Safety Committee Name of Committee Engineering Worksite Mailing Address & Postal Code J. Pannell ECE Support Engineer x Ken Jodrey E-Shops, for B. Wilson x * co-chairs Brad Hayes Safety, no report. Pending C. Safety Day Planning Committee Planning for Safety Days on Sept. 10 & 11 continues

Saskatchewan, University of

16

Local Safety Committee Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minutes Local Safety Committee Name of Committee Engineering Worksite Mailing Address & Postal Code-Shops Tech x R. Dahlgren Safety Resources x L. Wilson (support) Dean's Office x D. Hart Safety Resources x T involving chemicals. C. Safety Day Planning Committee L. Roth reported that the schedule of speakers

Saskatchewan, University of

17

Construction Local engineering.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction Structures Geotech Local engineering. World-class engineers. World-class results. Constructed Facilities Division tti.tamu.edu #12;Expertise & Equipment ExpErtisE & EquipmEnt Created in 2005. The Texas Transportation Institute's (TTI's) Constructed Facilities Division represents a collaboration

18

Enhanced local tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Local tomography is enhanced to determine the location and value of a discontinuity between a first internal density of an object and a second density of a region within the object. A beam of radiation is directed in a predetermined pattern through the region of the object containing the discontinuity. Relative attenuation data of the beam is determined within the predetermined pattern having a first data component that includes attenuation data through the region. In a first method for evaluating the value of the discontinuity, the relative attenuation data is inputted to a local tomography function .function..sub..LAMBDA. to define the location S of the density discontinuity. The asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA. is determined in a neighborhood of S, and the value for the discontinuity is estimated from the asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA.. In a second method for evaluating the value of the discontinuity, a gradient value for a mollified local tomography function .gradient..function..sub..LAMBDA..epsilon. (x.sub.ij) is determined along the discontinuity; and the value of the jump of the density across the discontinuity curve (or surface) S is estimated from the gradient values.

Katsevich, Alexander J. (Los Alamos, NM); Ramm, Alexander G. (Manhattan, KS)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Technical Potential for Local Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the impact of high penetrations of solar PV on wholesale power markets (energy and capacity Technical Potential for Local Distributed Photovoltaics in California Preliminary.391.5100 www.ethree.com Technical Potential for Local Distributed Photovoltaics in California Preliminary

20

Local Government Energy Loan Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Through a public-private partnership with PowerSouth, Alabama's Local Government Energy Loan Program offers zero-interest loans to local governments, K-12 schools, and public colleges and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Generalized local emission tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Emission tomography enables locations and values of internal isotope density distributions to be determined from radiation emitted from the whole object. In the method for locating the values of discontinuities, the intensities of radiation emitted from either the whole object or a region of the object containing the discontinuities are inputted to a local tomography function .function..sub..LAMBDA..sup.(.PHI.) to define the location S of the isotope density discontinuity. The asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA..sup.(.PHI.) is determined in a neighborhood of S, and the value for the discontinuity is estimated from the asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA..sup.(.PHI.) knowing pointwise values of the attenuation coefficient within the object. In the method for determining the location of the discontinuity, the intensities of radiation emitted from an object are inputted to a local tomography function .function..sub..LAMBDA..sup.(.PHI.) to define the location S of the density discontinuity and the location .GAMMA. of the attenuation coefficient discontinuity. Pointwise values of the attenuation coefficient within the object need not be known in this case.

Katsevich, Alexander J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Termination Detection of Local Computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination Detection of Local Computations Emmanuel Godard1 , Yves M´etivier2 and Gerard Tel3 1 is glob- ally finished. This paper investigates the problem of the detection of the termination of local computations. We define four types of termination detection: no detection, detection of the local termination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

Stable local oscillator microcircuit.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report gives a description of the development of a Stable Local Oscillator (StaLO) Microcircuit. The StaLO accepts a 100MHz input signal and produces output signals at 1.2, 3.3, and 3.6 GHz. The circuit is built as a multi-chip module (MCM), since it makes use of integrated circuit technologies in silicon and lithium niobate as well as discrete passive components. The StaLO uses a comb generator followed by surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters. The comb generator creates a set of harmonic components of the 100MHz input signal. The SAW filters are narrow bandpass filters that are used to select the desired component and reject all others. The resulting circuit has very low sideband power levels and low phase noise (both less than -40dBc) that is limited primarily by the phase noise level of the input signal.

Brocato, Robert Wesley

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Local quantum ergodic conjecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Quantum Ergodic Conjecture equates the Wigner function for a typical eigenstate of a classically chaotic Hamiltonian with a delta-function on the energy shell. This ensures the evaluation of classical ergodic expectations of simple observables, in agreement with Shnirelman's theorem, but this putative Wigner function violates several important requirements. Consequently, we transfer the conjecture to the Fourier transform of the Wigner function, that is, the chord function. We show that all the relevant consequences of the usual conjecture require only information contained within a small (Planck) volume around the origin of the phase space of chords: translations in ordinary phase space. Loci of complete orthogonality between a given eigenstate and its nearby translation are quite elusive for the Wigner function, but our local conjecture stipulates that their pattern should be universal for ergodic eigenstates of the same Hamiltonian lying within a classically narrow energy range. Our findings are supported by numerical evidence in a Hamiltonian exhibiting soft chaos. Heavily scarred eigenstates are remarkable counter-examples of the ergodic universal pattern.

E. Zambrano; W. P. Karel Zapfe; Alfredo M. Ozorio de Almeida

2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

25

Performing a local barrier operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Performing a local barrier operation with parallel tasks executing on a compute node including, for each task: retrieving a present value of a counter; calculating, in dependence upon the present value of the counter and a total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a base value of the counter, the base value representing the counter's value prior to any task joining the local barrier; calculating, in dependence upon the base value and the total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a target value, the target value representing the counter's value when all tasks have joined the local barrier; joining the local barrier, including atomically incrementing the value of the counter; and repetitively, until the present value of the counter is no less than the target value of the counter: retrieving the present value of the counter and determining whether the present value equals the target value.

Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

26

Performing a local barrier operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Performing a local barrier operation with parallel tasks executing on a compute node including, for each task: retrieving a present value of a counter; calculating, in dependence upon the present value of the counter and a total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a base value, the base value representing the counter's value prior to any task joining the local barrier; calculating, in dependence upon the base value and the total number of tasks performing the local barrier operation, a target value of the counter, the target value representing the counter's value when all tasks have joined the local barrier; joining the local barrier, including atomically incrementing the value of the counter; and repetitively, until the present value of the counter is no less than the target value of the counter: retrieving the present value of the counter and determining whether the present value equals the target value.

Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

27

Localization of eigenvalues with applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCALIZATION OF EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975... Major Subject: Mathematics LOCALIZATION OP EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Approved as to style and content by: ca% (Head of Department) gr (Member (Memb a (g December 1975 AB STRACT Localization...

Spiegel, Charlotte Nyquist de

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally...

29

Ignition distributor voltage generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a voltage pulse generator and ignition distributor comprising, a base, a shaft rotatably supported by the base, a distributor cap supported by the base having a center electrode and circumferentially spaced outer electrodes. The pulse generator and ignition distribution also include a first rotor driven by the shaft formed of electrical insulating material having electrically conductive means connected to the center terminal and a portion that rotates past the outer electrodes. The portion of the electrically conductive means that rotates past the outer electrodes is spaced from the outer electrodes to form a gap therebetween. A voltage pulse generator comprises a second rotor driven by the shaft, at least one permanent magnet and an annular pickup coil supported by the base. The pickup coil has inner turns and outer turns, the beginning turn of the inner turns connected to a first lead and the last turn of the outer turns connected to a second lead, the outer turns enclosing the inner turns. The pickup coil also has a circuit connected directly between the second lead and ground which is operative to provide a direct conductive path to ground for high frequency energy capacitively coupled to the outer turns from the gap discharge between the electrically conductive means of the first rotor and an outer electrode, the outer turns forming a grounded shield for the inner turns.

Boyer, J.A.

1986-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

30

Anytime Replanning Using Local Subplan Replacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anytime Replanning Using Local Subplan Replacement A Dissertation Presented to the faculty how local subplan replacement can be utilized to implement an anytime planning system that devises new plans to accommodate plan failures. Local subplan replacement consists of selecting subsequences

Ferrer, Gabriel J.

31

Local non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Shannon entropy lies at the heart of modern thermodynamics, with much discussion of trajectory-dependent entropy production. When taken at both boundaries of a process in phase space, it reproduces the second law of thermodynamics over a finite time interval for small scale systems. However, given that entropy is an ensemble property, it has never been clear how one can assign such a quantity locally. Given such a fundamental omission in our knowledge, we construct a new ensemble composed of trajectories reaching an individual microstate, and show that locally defined entropy, information, and free energy are properties of the ensemble, or trajectory-independent true thermodynamic potentials. We find that the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution and Landauer's principle can be generalized naturally as properties of the ensemble, and that trajectory-free state functions of the ensemble govern the exact mechanism of non-equilibrium relaxation.

Jinwoo, Lee

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Local Dimension of Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

 and international experience, several bespoke energy strategies are identified  that have significant potential to contribute to local energy demand reduction and lower  CO2 emissions  in  the UK. The  strategies  identified  include, Combined Heat and Power  with  District  Heating  (CHP?DH),  Energy  from  Waste  Facilities  (Ef... . Monitoring and managing own energy and carbon emissions. Implementation of energy efficiency schemes within local government buildings such as schools, halls and sporting facilities etc. Using CHP (Combined Heat and Power) to supply heat and power...

Kelly, Scott

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals: Getting Support from Local Leaders  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Power Point presentation from the Furthering your Local Governments Energy Efficiency Goals part 1 Getting Support From Local Leaders webcast.

35

Local  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Material response dotted curves and signal to noise ratio for ESM response divided by noise func- tion f 0 f + 1 with f 0 3 kHz solid curves. Diffu- sion...

36

Local  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011LiisaInnovationorganizationLizLobbying

37

Local  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011LiisaInnovationorganizationLizLobbyingplasma ion

38

Local  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011LiisaInnovationorganizationLizLobbyingplasma

39

LOCAL COHOMOLOGY MODULES SUPPORTED AT ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sets Ugi = X \\Var(gi) form an affine open cover for U = X \\Var(I), so the double complex Q•,• with. Qp,q = Kq(?;D)?D Cp(g;R) is a local trivialization of dR(OU ) ...

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fractal Superconductivity near Localization Threshold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal Superconductivity near Localization Threshold Mikhail Feigel'man Landau Institute, Moscow-electron states are extended but fractal and populate small fraction of the whole volume How BCS theory should be modified to account for eigenstates fractality ? #12;Mean-Field Eq. for Tc #12;#12;3D Anderson model: = 0

Fominov, Yakov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak with a large-scale hydropower plan for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural Energy In this study we explore the potential for rural renewable energy supply through a focus on villages

Kammen, Daniel M.

42

Hardy's non-locality and generalized non-local theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hardy's non-locality theorem for multiple two-level systems is explored in the context of generalized nonlocal theory. We find nonlocal but non-signaling probabilities, providing Hardy's nonlocal argument, which are higher than those in Quantum Mechanics. Maximum probability of success of Hardy's argument is obtained for three two-level systems in quantum as well as in a more generalized theory. Interestingly, the maximum in the nonlocal generalized theory for both the cases turns out to be same.

Sujit K. Choudhary; Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Samir Kunkri; Ramij Rahaman; Anirban Roy

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Localization in active incommensurate arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a dissipationless linear lattice, spatial disorder or incommensurate modulation induce localization of the lattice eigenstates and block spreading of wave packets. Additionally, incommensurate arrays allow for the metal-insulator transition at a finite modulation amplitude already in one dimension. The addition of nonlinearity to the lattice Hamiltonian causes interaction between the eigenstates, which results in a slow packet spreading. We go beyond the dissipationless limit and consider nonlinear quasi-periodic arrays that are subjected to the dissipative losses and energy pumping. We find that there is a finite excitation of oscillations threshold in both metallic and insulating regimes. Moreover, excitation in the metallic and weakly insulating regime displays features of the second order phase transition to global oscillations, in contrast to disordered arrays. The Anderson attractor regime is recovered only in the limit of strong localization. The identified transition, and the further onset of chaos and synchronization can be potentially realized with polariton condensates lattices and cavity-QED arrays.

T. V. Laptyeva; S. V. Denisov; G. V. Osipov; M. V. Ivanchenko

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Local Cloning of Entangled Qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the exact cloning of orthogonal but entangled qubits under local operations and classical communication. The amount of entanglement necessary in blank copy is obtained for various cases. Surprisingly this amount is more than 1 ebit for certain set of two nonmaximal but equally entangled states of two qubits system. To clone any three two qubits Bell states at least log2 3 ebit is necessary.

Sujit K. Choudhary; Samir Kunkri; Ramij Rahaman; Anirban Roy

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

45

Sensor network localization based on natural phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous localization is crucial for many sensor network applications. The goal of this thesis is to develop a distributed localization algorithm for the PLUG indoor sensor network by analyzing sound and light sensory ...

Kim, Daniel Sang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Local Area Networks - Applications to Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCAL AREA NETWORKS - APPLICATIONS TO MERCY MANAGmNT Advanced BRUCE M. BAKKEN Software bfanager Micro Syatems Corporation Milwaukee, WI ABSTRACT One of the newest advances in computer technology is the Local Area Network. Its many...

Bakken, B. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comprehensive Local Water Management Act (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Each county is encouraged to develop and implement a local water management plan. This section sets the specifications that must be met by local plans. The status of county water plans is shown...

48

The structure of local gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the structure of local gravity theories as resulting from the idea that locally gravity must be physically characterized by tidal acceleration, and show how this relates to both Newtonian gravity and Einstein's general relativity.

Maurice J. Dupre

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cosmological perturbations on local systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of cosmological expansion on orbits--galactic, planetary, or atomic--subject to an inverse-square force law. We obtain the laws of motion for gravitational or electrical interactions from general relativity--in particular, we find the gravitational field of a mass distribution in an expanding universe by applying perturbation theory to the Robertson-Walker metric. Cosmological expansion induces an ($\\ddot a/a) \\vec r$ force where $a(t)$ is the cosmological scale factor. In a locally Newtonian framework, we show that the $(\\ddot a/a) \\vec r$ term represents the effect of a continuous distribution of cosmological material in Hubble flow, and that the total force on an object, due to the cosmological material plus the matter perturbation, can be represented as the negative gradient of a gravitational potential whose source is the material actually present. We also consider the effect on local dynamics of the cosmological constant. We calculate the perihelion precession of elliptical orbits due to the cosmological constant induced force, and work out a generalized virial relation applicable to gravitationally bound clusters.

Gregory S. Adkins; Jordan McDonnell; Richard N. Fell

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

50

"Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals-- Part 1- Getting Support From Local Leaders "  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE’s technical assistance program webcast on furthering your local government’s energy efficiency goals. This is part one, gaining support from local leaders.

51

NOvA Experiment - The Local Community  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Local proprietors Steve and Deb Wieber discuss the impact of the NOvA experiment on their community.

Deb Wieber

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

52

NOvA Experiment - The Local Community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Local proprietors Steve and Deb Wieber discuss the impact of the NOvA experiment on their community.

Deb Wieber

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

53

DISTRIBUTED EVENT LOCALIZATION AND TRACKING ALGORITHM (DELTA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a distributed event localization and tracking algorithm (DELTA). DELTA is extended with energy-efficient network management, event classification functionality and an energy based source localization. The energy;#12;Abstract Different approaches to do event detection, tracking, localization and classification have been

Braun, Torsten

54

Local Varying-Alpha Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein-Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened, in this framework. Some interesting new cosmological solutions for the very early universe are found, including the possibility of a bounce, inflation and expansion with a loitering phase, all of which are induced by early variations in alpha.

John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Global vs local Casimir effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper continues the investigation of the Casimir effect with the use of the algebraic formulation of quantum field theory in the initial value setting. Basing on earlier papers by one of us (AH) we approximate the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions by simple interaction models whose nonlocality in physical space is under strict control, but which at the same time are admissible from the point of view of algebraic restrictions imposed on models in the context of Casimir backreaction. The geometrical setting is that of the original parallel plates. By scaling our models and taking appropriate limit we approach the sharp boundary conditions in the limit. The global force is analyzed in that limit. One finds in Neumann case that although the sharp boundary interaction is recovered in the norm resolvent sense for each model considered, the total force per area depends substantially on its choice and diverges in the sharp boundary conditions limit. On the other hand the local energy density outside the interaction region, which in the limit includes any compact set outside the strict position of the plates, has a universal limit corresponding to sharp conditions. This is what one should expect in general, and the lack of this discrepancy in Dirichlet case is rather accidental. Our discussion pins down its precise origin: the difference in the order in which scaling limit and integration over the whole space is carried out.

Andrzej Herdegen; Mariusz Stopa

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Quantum Lovasz Local Lemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Lovasz Local Lemma (LLL) is a powerful tool in probability theory to show the existence of combinatorial objects meeting a prescribed collection of "weakly dependent" criteria. We show that the LLL extends to a much more general geometric setting, where events are replaced with subspaces and probability is replaced with relative dimension, which allows to lower bound the dimension of the intersection of vector spaces under certain independence conditions. Our result immediately applies to the k-QSAT problem: For instance we show that any collection of rank 1 projectors with the property that each qubit appears in at most $2^k/(e \\cdot k)$ of them, has a joint satisfiable state. We then apply our results to the recently studied model of random k-QSAT. Recent works have shown that the satisfiable region extends up to a density of 1 in the large k limit, where the density is the ratio of projectors to qubits. Using a hybrid approach building on work by Laumann et al. we greatly extend the known satisfiable region for random k-QSAT to a density of $\\Omega(2^k/k^2)$. Since our tool allows us to show the existence of joint satisfying states without the need to construct them, we are able to penetrate into regions where the satisfying states are conjectured to be entangled, avoiding the need to construct them, which has limited previous approaches to product states.

Andris Ambainis; Julia Kempe; Or Sattath

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

Technical Assistance Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

& Local Solution Center Technical Assistance Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Energy Programs Technical Assistance Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Energy Programs...

58

Under Utilization of Local Anesthetics in Infant Lumbar Punctures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ochoa LF. Role of local anesthesia during lumbar puncturesnot routinely received local anesthesia prior to LP. Studyreceived local procedural anesthesia by emergency medicine

Gorchynski, Julie; Everett, Worth; Prebil, Linda

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Wellhead protection programs: Tools for local governments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Technical Assistance Document (TAD) describes how localities can, as a part of a State Wellhead Protection Program, develop and implement effective techniques for the protection of ground water. The document emphasizes innovative wellhead protection methods that have been used by local communities, discusses combinations of programs that have worked well, and presents several factors that affect the success of local wellhead protection programs, such as budgetary constraints and legal issues.

Harvey, R.; Linquiti, P.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Local Energy Velocity of Classical Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proposed to apply a recently developed concept of local wave velocities to the dynamical field characteristics, especially for the canonical field energy density. It is shown that local energy velocities can be derived from the lagrangian directly. The local velocities of zero- and first- order for energy propagation has been obtained for special cases of scalar and vector fields. Some important special cases of these results are discussed.

I. V. Drozdov; A. A. Stahlhofen

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dynamical Localization in Kicked Quantum Rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The periodically $\\delta$-kicked quantum linear rotor is known to experience non-classical bounded energy growth due to quantum dynamical localization in angular momentum space. We study the effect of random deviations of the kick period in simulations and experiments. This breaks the energy and angular momentum localization and increases the rotational alignment, which is the analog of the onset of Anderson localization in 1-D chains.

Kamalov, Andrei; Bucksbaum, Philip H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Solar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Virginia allows any county, city or town to exempt or partially exempt solar energy equipment or recycling equipment from local property taxes. Residential, commercial or industrial property is...

63

Rank Reduction for the Local Consistency Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the problem of how simple a solution can be for a given quantum local consistency instance. More specifically, we investigate how small the rank of the global density operator can be if the local constraints are known to be compatible. We prove that any compatible local density operators can be satisfied by a low rank global density operator. Then we study both fermionic and bosonic versions of the N-representability problem as applications. After applying the channel-state duality, we prove that any compatible local channels can be obtained through a global quantum channel with small Kraus rank.

Jianxin Chen; Zhengfeng Ji; Alexander Klyachko; David W. Kribs; Bei Zeng

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

64

Localized domain patterns in complex polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized domain patterns in complex polymers abstract. Block copolymers are macromolecules that can form variety of microstructures as a result of incomplete

65

Convolution type operators on locally compact groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shtein--~erg, Convolution Type Operators on Locally Compact Groups [in Russian],. Manuscript Deposited in the All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical ...

66

MULTISCALE ANALYSIS IMPLIES STRONG DYNAMICAL LOCALIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

localized region), E n k� \\Lambda 1 j(H(!))� \\Lambda 2 k o Ÿ kjk1 \\Delta dist(\\Lambda 1 ; \\Lambda 2 ) \\Gamma

Stollmann, P.

67

Electron localization in solid acetonitrile.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron localization in the bulk condensed phases of acetonitrile differs drastically from the corresponding processes that take place in water and aliphatic alcohols. In particular, electron capture following the ionization of liquid and solid acetonitrile yields well-defined radical anions in place of the largely structureless solvated and trapped electrons characteristic of irradiated solutions and rigid glasses. This is remarkable given the many similarities that exist not only between the intrinsic properties of these individual solvent molecules, such as polarity, but also in their cooperative capacity to function as solvents. Here, with the aid of detailed experimental and computational studies, we examine on a fundamental level what gives rise to such a sharp contrast in the behavior of these alkyl cyanides as compared to water and alcohols. EPR and optical spectra, and ab initio calculations on the radical anions are used together with diffraction data for the crystal structures to demonstrate that electron attachment to nitrile molecules in the crystalline state results in a significant bending of the linear CCN moiety. Moreover, in the formation of the dimer anions, which only takes place in certain crystalline phases, it is determined that the intermolecular bonding occurs between the cyanide carbons in an antiparallel arrangement. A staggered structure for the dimer anion in {alpha}-acetonitrile is then suggested, in which there is a nearly coplanar arrangement with the two bent CCN fragments. The resulting structure accounts for the observed EPR parameters, the position of the UV-vis absorption band, and the trends observed in the vibronic progressions for the four H/D isotopomers. The dimer radical anion in a-acetonitrile retains the same orientation and symmetry as that of the preexisting neutral {l_brace}CH{sub 3}CN{r_brace}{sub 2} pairs in this crystal despite the resulting changes in molecular geometry and in the translational coordinates for the cyanide carbons as the two acetonitrile molecules come together. We suggest that dimer anions of nitriles can form only in the phases where such 'antiparallel' pairs occur, including liquid systems; otherwise, the electron remains attached to a single molecule, as in {beta}-acetonitrile. Because electron capture by water or alcohol molecules in the condensed phase appears to require larger molecular clusters, the contrast between the behavior of these solvents and acetonitrile is attributable to the relative ease with which acetonitrile molecules in the crystal or solvent can undergo valence-electron attachment via their accessible low-lying {pi}* orbitals.

Shkrob, I. A.; Takeda, K.; Williams, F.; Chemistry; Univ. of Tennessee

2002-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

Natural geometric representation for electron local observables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An existence of the quartic identities for the electron local observables that define orthogonality relations for the 3D quantities quadratic in the electron observables is found. It is shown that the joint solution of the quartic and bilinear identities for the electron observables defines a unique natural representation of the observables. In the natural representation the vector type electron local observables have well-defined fixed positions with respect to a local 3D orthogonal reference frame. It is shown that the natural representation of the electron local observables can be defined in six different forms depending on a choice of the orthogonal unit vectors. The natural representation is used to determine the functional dependence of the electron wave functions on the local observables valid for any shape of the electron wave packet. -- Highlights: •Quartic identities that define the orthogonality relations for the electron local observables are found. •Joint solution of quartic and bilinear identities defines a unique natural representation of the electron local observables. •Functional dependence of the electron wave functions on the electron local observables is determined.

Minogin, V.G., E-mail: minogin@isan.troitsk.ru

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Local Transition Functions of Quantum Turing Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundations of the notion of quantum Turing machines are investigated. According to Deutsch's formulation, the time evolution of a quantum Turing machine is to be determined by the local transition function. In this paper, the local transition functions are characterized for fully general quantum Turing machines, including multi-tape quantum Turing machines, extending the results due to Bernstein and Vazirani.

Masanao Ozawa; Harumichi Nishimura

2000-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

70

CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE BINYONG SUN AND CHEN-BO ZHU Abstract. We Classification. 22E46 (Primary). Key words and phrases. conservation relation, theta correspondence, oscillator, Chapter 11] for details #12;CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE 3 about Casselman

Zhu, Chen-Bo

71

Estimating Vehicle Miles Traveled on Local Roads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in social science and we relate it to traffic volumes. We demonstrate that VMT on local roads exhibits a scale-free property: it follows two piecewise (double) power law distributions. In other words, the total local VMT can be obtained by properly...

Qian, Jiayu

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Locally Accessible Information and Distillation of Entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new type of complementary relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well known distillation protocol, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

Sibasish Ghosh; Pramod Joag; Guruprasad Kar; Samir Kunkri; Anirban Roy

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

73

Local symmetries of non-expanding horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local symmetries of a non-expanding horizon has been investigated in the 1st order formulation of gravity. When applied to a spherically symmetric isolated horizon only a U(1) subgroup of the Lorentz group survives as residual local symmetry that one can make use of in constructing an effective theory on the horizon.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee; Amit Ghosh

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

74

LOCALIZED AURORA BEYOND THE AURORAL OVAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCALIZED AURORA BEYOND THE AURORAL OVAL Harald U. Frey1 Received 3 June 2005; revised 8 September 2006; accepted 10 October 2006; published 2 March 2007. [1] Aurora is the result of the interaction, there are localized regions of aurora that are unrelated to the ovals and exhibit different morphological, spatial

California at Berkeley, University of

75

Optimal Robot Localization in Trees Rudolf Fleischer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Robot Localization in Trees Rudolf Fleischer Department of Computer Science, The Hong Kong of localization, that is, of a robot finding its position on a map, is an important task for autonomous mobile robots. It has appli­ cations in numerous areas of robotics ranging from aerial photography to autonomous

Fleischer, Rudolf

76

Contributed Paper Biodiversity Conservation in Local Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributed Paper Biodiversity Conservation in Local Planning JAMES R. MILLER, MARTHA GROOM-use policy is increasingly being recognized as fundamental to biodiversity conservation in the United States to support the conservation of biodiversity at local scales. Yet little is known about the pervasiveness

Miller, James R.

77

Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural Energy Access, Local Solutions #12;RAEL Report, Malaysia Rebekah Shirley Daniel Kammen University of California ­ Berkeley Renewable and Appropriate Energy

Kammen, Daniel M.

78

Furthering Your Local Governments' Energy Efficiency Goals-- Part 1- Getting Support From Local Leaders  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An overview of some of the best practices for gaining support for energy efficiency projects from your local leaders , key data points and other items of interest that local leaders might look for when approached about supporting energy efficiency projects..

79

Localities and their natural gas : stories of problem diffusion, state preemption, and local government capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rapid rise of oil and gas production in the United States poses a new set of policy challenges for local governments. Striving to balance the goals of encouraging economic growth and mitigating its side effects, local ...

Agatstein, Jessica C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins Boyang optimization problems. First, a large number of component optimizations for maximization of margins are performed. Response surface approximations (RSA) for maximum margins of component optimization

Neumaier, Arnold

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation Signal machines : localization of isolated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation Signal machines : localization of isolated'Orléans, Orléans, FRANCE 6 mars 2011 Journées Calculabilités Paris 1 / 39 #12;Signal machines : localization of isolated accumulation 1 Signal machines and isolated accumulations 2 Necessary conditions

Durand-Lose, Jérôme

82

Local Basis Expansions for MEG Source Localization. Partha P. Mitra1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but are not identical to, spherical harmonics. Components of the transformed sensor measure- ments which correspond density power. The latter is particularly useful for localization of spontaneous activity. Below we first of the LBEX technique is to transform a global basis set into a local basis set for a given local region

83

Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This act gives local governments the option to provide direct and indirect assistance to business enterprises in their communities, whether for expansion of existing operations, the creation of new...

84

Cooperative localization for autonomous underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-localization of an underwater vehicle is particularly challenging due to the absence of Global Positioning System (GPS) reception or features at known positions that could otherwise have been used for position ...

Bahr, Alexander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Force localization in contracting cell layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epithelial cell layers on soft elastic substrates or pillar arrays are commonly used as model systems for investigating the role of force in tissue growth, maintenance and repair. Here we show analytically that the experimentally observed localization of traction forces to the periphery of the cell layers does not necessarily imply increased local cell activity, but follows naturally from the elastic problem of a finite-sized contractile layer coupled to an elastic foundation. For homogeneous contractility, the force localization is determined by one dimensionless parameter interpolating between linear and exponential force profiles for the extreme cases of very soft and very stiff substrates, respectively. If contractility is sufficiently increased at the periphery, outward directed displacements can occur at intermediate positions, although the edge itself still retracts. We also show that anisotropic extracellular stiffness leads to force localization in the stiffer direction, as observed experimentally.

Carina M. Edwards; Ulrich S. Schwarz

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Complexity of the Local Hamiltonian Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The k-local Hamiltonian problem is a natural complete problem for the complexity class QMA, the quantum analog of NP. It is similar in spirit to MAX-k-SAT, which is NP-complete for k<=2. It was known that the problem is QMA-complete for any k <= 3. On the other hand 1-local Hamiltonian is in P, and hence not believed to be QMA-complete. The complexity of the 2-local Hamiltonian problem has long been outstanding. Here we settle the question and show that it is QMA-complete. We provide two independent proofs; our first proof uses only elementary linear algebra. Our second proof uses a powerful technique for analyzing the sum of two Hamiltonians; this technique is based on perturbation theory and we believe that it might prove useful elsewhere. Using our techniques we also show that adiabatic computation with two-local interactions on qubits is equivalent to standard quantum computation.

Julia Kempe; Alexei Kitaev; Oded Regev

2005-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

87

Local Option- Commercial PACE Financing (Utah)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Senate Bill 221 of 2013 authorizes local governments to adopt Commercial* Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) financing programs. C-PACE allows property owners to finance energy efficiency and...

88

Lakeshore Management by Local Governments (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute grants primary authority to local governments to establish laws and regulations to conserve and protect lakes in their jurisdiction, provided that this authority is used to maintain...

89

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

Poliannikov, Oleg V.

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

Poliannikov, Oleg V.

91

Fiscal stimulus through state and local governments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State and local governments in the United States make up more than half of total government consumption and investment and almost 90 percent of total government employment. Despite these facts, the debates surrounding ...

Feiveson, Laura (Laura Judith)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Local Solid Waste Disposal Act (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the purpose of this Act and the policy of this State to protect the public health and welfare and the quality of the environment by providing local governments with the ability to properly...

93

Localized Helioseismic Constraints on Solar Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized differences between the real sun and standard solar models are shown to be small. The sound speeds of the real and the standard model suns typically differ by less than 0.3% in the solar core.

John N. Bahcall; Sarbani Basu; Pawan Kumar

1997-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

94

Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary Diversification in Foraging, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona Developmental plasticity is thought to reconcile the constraining role morphology into adulthood, providing an opportunity to directly examine the links between plasticity of bone

Badyaev, Alex

95

Locally-smeared operator product expansions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a "locally-smeared Operator Product Expansion" (sOPE) to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of locally-smeared operators. The sOPE formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements of smeared degrees of freedom, determined numerically using the gradient flow, to non-local operators in the continuum. The nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale prevents a simple connection to the standard operator product expansion and therefore requires the construction of a two-scale formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using the example of real scalar field theory.

Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostantinos

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Anderson localization of partially incoherent light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study Anderson localization and propagation of partially spatially incoherent wavepackets in linear disordered potentials, motivated by the insight that interference phenomena resulting from multiple scattering are affected by the coherence of the waves. We find that localization is delayed by incoherence: the more incoherent the waves are, the longer they diffusively spread while propagating in the medium. However, if all the eigenmodes of the system are exponentially localized (as in one- and two-dimensional disordered systems), any partially incoherent wavepacket eventually exhibits localization with exponentially decaying tails, after sufficiently long propagation distances. Interestingly, we find that the asymptotic behavior of the incoherent beam is similar to that of a single instantaneous coherent realization of the beam.

Capeta, D.; Radic, J.; Buljan, H. [Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, PP 332, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Szameit, A.; Segev, M. [Physics Department and Solid State Institute, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Guidance for Local Wind Energy Ordinances  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Note: The documents described in this summary were designed to provide guidance to local governments that wish to develop their own siting rules for wind turbines. While they were developed under...

98

Local Policy Networks and Agricultural Watershed Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of environmental best management practices. Local networks facilitate diffusion of innovations, the development of adopting environmental practices. These findings have important implications for public administration agencies/organizations increase the rate at which pro- ducers adopt environmental ``best management

Lubell, Mark

99

A linear program for testing local realism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a linear program that is capable of determining whether a set of correlations can be captured by a local realistic model. If the correlations can be described by such a model, the linear program outputs a joint probability distribution that produces the given correlations. If the correlations cannot be described under the assumption of local realism, the program outputs a Bell inequality violated by the correlations.

Matthew B. Elliott

2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

100

EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.

Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Targeting Illegal Immigration: Local Ordinate Action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is adapted, but distinct from, a report on the topic prepared for the U.S. Congressional Research Service. Local Ordinances Targeting Illegal Immigration 1 Executive Summary It has been traditionally the federal government?s responsibility...,000 municipalities and 3,000 counties in the United States, only 21 localities have passed legislation addressing unauthorized immigration in the key areas thought to influence illegal immigration?housing and employment. These ordinances were all passed between...

Gunn, Emily; Moffitt, Jessica; Montemayor, Victoria; Riedel, Sarah; Smith, Bart; Weizel, Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

EERE's State & Local Energy Data Tool  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

EERE's State and Local Energy Data (SLED) Tool provides basic energy market information that can help state and local governments plan and implement clean energy projects, including electricity generation; fuel sources and costs; applicable policies, regulations, and financial incentives; and renewable energy resource potential. Watch this video to learn more about the tool and hear testimonials from real users about the benefits of using this tool.

Shambarger, Erick; DeCesaro, Jennifer

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Converting online algorithms to local computation algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a general method for converting online algorithms to local computation algorithms by selecting a random permutation of the input, and simulating running the online algorithm. We bound the number of steps of the algorithm using a query tree, which models the dependencies between queries. We improve previous analyses of query trees on graphs of bounded degree, and extend the analysis to the cases where the degrees are distributed binomially, and to a special case of bipartite graphs. Using this method, we give a local computation algorithm for maximal matching in graphs of bounded degree, which runs in time and space O(log^3 n). We also show how to convert a large family of load balancing algorithms (related to balls and bins problems) to local computation algorithms. This gives several local load balancing algorithms which achieve the same approximation ratios as the online algorithms, but run in O(log n) time and space. Finally, we modify existing local computation algorithms for hypergraph 2-color...

Mansour, Yishay; Vardi, Shai; Xie, Ning

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Correlations In n-local Scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Bell-type inequalities were introduced in Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{85}, 032119 (2012) to analyze the correlations emerging in an entanglement swapping scenario characterized by independence of the two sources shared between three parties. The corresponding scenario was referred to as \\textit{bilocal} scenario. Here, we derive Bell-type inequalities in $n+1$ party scenario, i.e., in $n$-local scenario. Considering the two different cases with several number of inputs and outputs, we derive local and $n$-local bounds. The $n$-local inequality studied for two cases are proved to be tight. Replacing the sources by maximally entangled states for two binary inputs and two binary outputs and also for the fixed input and four outputs, we observe quantum violations of $n$-local bounds. But the resistance offered to noise cannot be increased as compared to the bilocal scenario. Thus increasing the number of parties in a linear fashion in source independent scenario does not contribute in lowering down the requirements of revealing quantumness in a network in contrast to the star configuration (Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{90}, 062109 (2014)) of $n+1$ parties.

Kaushiki Mukherjee; Biswajit Paul; Debasis Sarkar

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act provides funding for local units of government to match local tax revenue dedicated to support a project located in an...

106

Localized edge states and homoclinic snaking in plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimension =1) Skufca, Yorke & Eckhardt PRL 2006; Schneider, Eckhardt & Yorke PRL 2007; Schneider et al. PRE channels Schneider, Gibson & Burke, PRL, 2010 Bifurcation diagram: Localized traveling waves Localized-Stokes dynamics Schneider, Gibson & Burke, PRL, 2010 #12;Localized `cousins'

Doedel, Eusebius

107

Topology on locally finite metric spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The necessity of a theory of General Topology and, most of all, of Algebraic Topology on locally finite metric spaces comes from many areas of research in both Applied and Pure Mathematics: Molecular Biology, Mathematical Chemistry, Computer Science, Topological Graph Theory and Metric Geometry. In this paper we propose the basic notions of such a theory and some applications: we replace the classical notions of continuous function, homeomorphism and homotopic equivalence with the notions of NPP-function, NPP-local-isomorphism and NPP-homotopy (NPP stands for Nearest Point Preserving); we also introduce the notion of NPP-isomorphism. We construct three invariants under NPP-isomorphisms and, in particular, we define the fundamental group of a locally finite metric space. As first applications, we propose the following: motivated by the longstanding question whether there is a purely metric condition which extends the notion of amenability of a group to any metric space, we propose the property SN (Small Neighb...

Capraro, Valerio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The thermodynamics of general and local anesthesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General anesthetics are known to cause depression of the freezing point of transitions in biomembranes. This is a consequence of ideal mixing of the anesthetic drugs in the membrane fluid phase and exclusion from the solid phase. Such a generic law provides physical justification of the famous Meyer-Overton rule. We show here that general anesthetics, barbiturates and local anesthetics all display the same effect on melting transitions. Their effect is reversed by hydrostatic pressure. Thus, the thermodynamic behavior of local anesthetics is very similar to that of general anesthetics. We present a detailed thermodynamic analysis of heat capacity profiles of membranes in the presence of anesthetics. This analysis is able to describe experimentally observed calorimetric profiles and permits prediction of the anesthetic features of arbitrary molecules. In addition, we discuss the thermodynamic origin of the cutoff-effect of long-chain alcohols and the additivity of the effect of general and local anesthetics.

Graesboll, Kaare; Heimburg, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM SOLAR POWERING YOUR COMMUNITY: A GUIDE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Second edition Cities and local communities across the country are recognizing that...

110

Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments (Book), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments...

111

Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...

112

New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by Hurricane Sandy Back Online New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by...

113

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and...

114

Obama Administration Announces Additional $14,521,300 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4,521,300 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Rhode Island Obama Administration Announces Additional 14,521,300 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Rhode Island...

115

Obama Administration Announces Additional $52,295,100 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

52,295,100 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Maryland Obama Administration Announces Additional 52,295,100 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Maryland March 26,...

116

Obama Administration Announces Additional $13,969,700 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Obama Administration Announces Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Alaska Obama Administration Announces Additional 13,969,700 for Local Energy...

117

Obama Administration Announces Additional $102,508,400 for Local...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

02,508,400 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Pennsylvania Obama Administration Announces Additional 102,508,400 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Pennsylvania...

118

Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

63,817,400 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Arizona Obama Administration Announces Additional 63,817,400 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Arizona March 26,...

119

Obama Administration Announces Additional $37,157,700 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Obama Administration Announces Additional 37,157,700 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Wisconsin Obama Administration Announces Additional 37,157,700 for Local Energy...

120

Obama Administration Announces Additional $33,977,000 for Local...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico Obama Administration Announces Additional 33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

T-653: Linux Kernel sigqueueinfo() Process Lets Local Users Send...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Process Lets Local Users Send Spoofed Signals T-653: Linux Kernel sigqueueinfo() Process Lets Local Users Send Spoofed Signals June 23, 2011 - 4:49am Addthis PROBLEM:...

122

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Local Climate and Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Name U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate and Energy Program AgencyCompany Organization...

123

Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: alocally...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vegetable-Agroforestry: a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Local...

124

Local Program Helps Alabama Manufacturers Add Jobs, Reduce Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Program Helps Alabama Manufacturers Add Jobs, Reduce Waste and Increase Profits Local Program Helps Alabama Manufacturers Add Jobs, Reduce Waste and Increase Profits April 8,...

125

Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Disruptions Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions Local Leaders: Respond to Natural Gas Disruptions Because natural gas is distributed through underground...

126

Benchmarking and Disclosure: State and Local Policy Design Guide...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

is a state and local effort facilitated by the federal government that helps states, utilities, and other local stakeholders take energy efficiency to scale and achieve all...

127

Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium layered...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium layered double hydroxides determined from solid-state 1H and 71Ga NMR Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium...

128

anexiales experiencia local: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mosaics are constructed and used to localize a mobile robot operating in the modeled environment. Straightforward techniques from vision-based localization and mosaicking are used...

129

adenocarcinomes pancreatiques localement: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mosaics are constructed and used to localize a mobile robot operating in the modeled environment. Straightforward techniques from vision-based localization and mosaicking are used...

130

ampullectomy experiencia local: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mosaics are constructed and used to localize a mobile robot operating in the modeled environment. Straightforward techniques from vision-based localization and mosaicking are used...

131

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...

132

Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities to its Energy Efficiency Services Local Energy Alliance Program Adds Green Appraisal Capabilities to its Energy...

133

Energy Department Awards $5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy Savings Energy Department Awards 5 Million to Spur Local Clean Energy Development, Energy Savings October 14, 2014 -...

134

U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated...

135

Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron. Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron....

136

State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy...

137

Phonon localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

localization drives nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric April 11, 2014 This inelastic neutron scattering spectrum shows the localizing modes (LMs) between the transverse optic...

138

albicans interactions localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from a local polarizability model MIT - DSpace Summary: A local approximation for dynamic polarizability leads to a nonlocal functional for the long-range dispersion...

139

Secretary Chu Announces Over $8 Million to Support Local Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Energy Assurance Planning (LEAP) funds will allow local governments to hire and train staff and expand their capabilities to respond to a variety of energy emergencies such...

140

Power Purchase Agreement Checklist for State and Local Governments...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Checklist for State and Local Governments Power Purchase Agreement Checklist for State and Local Governments Provides a detailed guide to power purchase agreements for state and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Local composition models for lattice mixtures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed comparison is made of several local-composition lattice models. The models considered include several popular activity coefficient models: the Wilson equation, Guggenheim`s quasi-chemical theory (GQC), the nonrandom two-liquid theory (NRTL), and the universal quasi-chemical (UNIQUAC) theory. Also considered are three recently developed lattice models: the Born-Green-Yvon (BGY) model, the nonrandom surface fraction (NRSF) model, and the Aranovich-Donohue (AD) model. Similarities and differences in the assumptions regarding the local compositions are examined. Detailed comparisons are made for both symmetric and asymmetric monomer mixtures as well as for polymer/solvent mixtures with Monte Carlo simulations.

Wu, D.W.; Cui, Y.; Donohue, M.D. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Localized quantum walks as secured quantum memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a quantum walk process can be used to construct and secure quantum memory. More precisely, we show that a localized quantum walk with temporal disorder can be engineered to store the information of a single, unknown qubit on a compact position space and faithfully recover it on demand. Since the localization occurss with a finite spread in position space, the stored information of the qubit will be naturally secured from the simple eavesdropper. Our protocol can be adopted to any quantum system for which experimental control over quantum walk dynamics can be achieved.

C. M. Chandrashekar; Th. Busch

2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

143

Graphene Nanoribbon in Sharply Localized Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of a sharply localized magnetic field on the electron transport in a strip (ribbon) of graphene sheet, which allows to give results for the transmission and reflection probability through magnetic barriers. The magnetic field is taken as a single and double delta type localized functions, which are treated later as the zero width limit of gaussian fields. For both field configurations, we evaluate analytically and numerically their transmission and reflection coefficients. The possibility of spacial confinement due to the inhomogeneous field configuration is also investigated.

Abdulaziz D. Alhaidari; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Local Providers | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-Fractal BehaviourLocal

145

Local Students Explore ARM Program Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-Fractal BehaviourLocal3

146

Local companies learn about resources for success  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-FractalLocal

147

An emerging architecture of local experimentalist governance in China : a study of local innovations in Baoding, 1992-2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What are the conditions under which local actors are more likely to carry out policy innovations that produce environmental or social benefits in local China? Previous studies on "Chinese experimentalism" suggest that local ...

Shin, Kyoung Mun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Building Local Terrain Maps Using SpatioTemporal Classification for Semantic Robot Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the environment. We describe how to efficiently integrate the classification results of each time stepBuilding Local Terrain Maps Using Spatio­Temporal Classification for Semantic Robot Localization Stefan Laible1 and Andreas Zell1 Abstract-- The correct classification of the surrounding ter- rain

Zell, Andreas

149

Network Localities 1 Network Localities: Identity, Place, and Digital Media1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in concrete places, practices, and material relations. The contrast between global flows and local practice and interests. Two cases of network localization around age-cohort identity are presented: SeniorNet, a network possibilities for affiliation and solidarity. At the same time, it is grounded in particular social practices

Ito, Mimi

150

Gas distributor for fluidized bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas distributor for distributing high temperature reaction gases to a fluidized bed of coal particles in a coal gasification process. The distributor includes a pipe with a refractory reinforced lining and a plurality of openings in the lining through which gas is fed into the bed. These feed openings have an expanding tapered shape in the downstream or exhaust direction which aids in reducing the velocity of the gas jets as they enter the bed.

Worley, Arthur C. (Mt. Tabor, NJ); Zboray, James A. (Irvine, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Locality hypothesis and the speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The locality hypothesis is generally considered necessary for the study of the kinematics of non-inertial systems in special relativity. In this paper we discuss this hypothesis, showing the necessity of an improvement, in order to get a more clear understanding of the various concepts involved, like coordinate velocity and standard velocity of light. Concrete examples are shown, where these concepts are discussed.

G. Longhi

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

152

EPA`s local governments reimbursement program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA), section 123 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), Congress enacted the Local Governments Reimbursement (LGR) Program. The program`s goal is to provide financial relief to local governments that conduct emergency measures in response to releases or threats of releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. The intent of this program is to supply reimbursements of up to $25,000 per incident to the most deserving applicants, specifically local governments, for responses that exceed funds normally available for temporary emergency measures. These monies provide greatly needed support when potentially responsible party (PRP) searches and other cost recovery efforts fail. The standards and the approach for this program are set forth in 40 CFR Part 310, and are consistent with the overall policies and goals of the Superfund program. The maximum amount allocated to the reimbursement program is equal to 0.1 percent of the total amount appropriated for the Superfund, or approximately $1.7 million per year. A major focus of this program is to make known the availability of these funds for reimbursement to local governments in need of financial assistance. This paper highlights the features of this program, illustrates the types of incidents that have been awarded reimbursement, and describes common mistakes to be avoided when applying for reimbursement.

Zeller, E.; Ferguson, J. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States). Emergency Response Division; Catalano, J.; Lally, R. [Booz Allen and Hamilton, Bethesda, MD (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

EPA`s Local Governments Reimbursement Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA), section 123 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), Congress enacted the Local Governments Reimbursement (LGR) Program. The program`s goal is to provide financial relief to local governments that conduct emergency measures in response to releases or threats of releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. The intent of this program is to supply reimbursements of up to $25,000 per incident to the most deserving applicants, specifically local governments, for responses that exceed funds normally available for temporary emergency measures. These monies provide greatly needed support when potentially responsible party (PRP) searches and other cost-recovery efforts fail. The standards and the approach for this program are set forth in 40 CFR Part 310, and are consistent with the overall policies and goals of the Superfund program. The maximum amount allocated to the reimbursement program is equal to 0.1 percent of the total amount appropriated for the Superfund, or approximately $1.7 million per year. A major focus of this program is to make known the availability of these funds for reimbursement to local governments in need of financial assistance. This paper highlights the features of this program, illustrates the types of incidents that have been awarded reimbursement, and describes common mistakes to be avoided when applying for reimbursement.

Zeller, E.; Ferguson, J. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States). Emergency Response Division; Catalano, J.; Lally, R. [Booz Allen and Hamilton, McLean, VA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

155

LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL Jing Lan1, Jeongho Cho1, Deniz Erdogmus2, Jos}@cnel.ufl.edu, derdogmus@ieee.org, m.a.motter@larc.nasa.gov Abstract Nonlinear PID design is difficult if one approaches modeling approach with traditional linear PID controller design techniques to arrive at a principled

Slatton, Clint

156

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC Climate change will affect both sea level and the temporal and spatial distribution of runoff

157

Explicit Sensor Network Localization using Semidefinite ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key Words: Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix ... Cliques in the graph of the SNL problem give rise to this degeneracy in the ..... cone (S) denote the convex cone generated by the set S. We use the Matlab notation 1 : n =.

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

158

A SECOND DERIVATIVE SQP METHOD : LOCAL CONVERGENCE ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phenomenon and, therefore, results in asymptotically superlinear local ..... subproblem (2.6) is generally dense since it uses a sum of rank-1 updates. ... conditions, then the active constraints at x? will ultimately be identified by the predictor ...... Tables 1 and 2 on pages 27 and 28 give our preliminary numerical results for ...

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

159

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture Oleg V. Poliannikov1 , Alison E. Malcolm1 , Hugues Djikpesse2 , and Michael Prange2 ABSTRACT Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir

Malcolm, Alison

160

Local Martingales and Filtration Shrinkage Hans Follmer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction It is a classic result, known as Stricker's theorem, that if one considers a semimartingale, even in the classic case of having the local martingale still adapted, Stricker observed [31 the best known result in this direction is Stricker's Theorem: Theorem 1 (Stricker's Theorem). Let X

Föllmer, Hans

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bosnia and Herzegovina Local Level Institutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bosnia and Herzegovina Local Level Institutions and Social Capital Study Vol. 1 World Bank, ECSSD World Bank Work on Bosnia-Herzegovina 3 Study's Operational Definition of Social Capital 3 Specific Capital 17 B. Social Cleavages and Population Movements 18 Main Social Cleavages in Bosnia-Herzegovina 18

Boyer, Edmond

162

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone: Date: Date B.S. expected: Mathematics and Science Requirement (see note 3) 5 STAT One of: Stat 141, 203, 205, 215, 225 3 to 5 Mathematics Unit Total (23 units office. Students who complete STATS 116, MS&E 120, or CME 106 in Winter 2008-09 or earlier may count

Pratt, Vaughan

163

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone: Date: Date B.S. expected: Mathematics and Science Requirement (see note 3) 5 STAT One of: Stat 141, 203, 205, 215, 225 3 to 5 Mathematics Unit Total (23 units by the Computer Science undergraduate program office. Students who complete STATS 116, MS&E 120, or CME 106

Pratt, Vaughan

164

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name: SU ID: Email: Local Phone: Date: Date B.S. expected: Mathematics and Science Requirement Introduction to Probability for Computer Scientists (see note 3) 5 STAT One of: Stat 141, 203, 205, 215, 225 3. Students who complete STATS 116, MS&E 120, or CME 106 in Winter 2008-09 or earlier may count that course

Pratt, Vaughan

165

What Cannot Be Computed Locally! Fabian Kuhn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Cannot Be Computed Locally! Fabian Kuhn Dept. of Computer Science ETH Zurich 8092 Zurich, Switzerland kuhn@inf.ethz.ch Thomas Moscibroda Dept. of Computer Science ETH Zurich 8092 Zurich, Switzerland moscitho@inf.ethz.ch Roger Wattenhofer Dept. of Computer Science ETH Zurich 8092 Zurich, Switzerland

Chaudhuri, Soma

166

How to find local vacancies in Cheshire,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to find local vacancies in Cheshire, North West and North Midlands areas This guide is part and workshops. To look at full-time graduate vacancies, part-time jobs and placement opportunities look at www careers website with online job matching service by region www.graduateadvantage.co.uk vacancy information

167

How to find local vacancies in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to find local vacancies in Manchester & the North West This hand out is part of the Jobseeking vacancies, part-time jobs and placement opportunities look at www.mmu.ac.uk/careers/coves. The Careers.graduateadvantage.co.uk vacancy information and support services for graduates in the West Midlands area, including Staffordshire

168

Guidelines on local European forest energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-European: MCPFE ­EU: Forest Action Plan, Rural Development Policy, Renewable Energy Policy EU Renewable Energy1 Guidelines on local European forest energy networks THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DIMENSION Davide-economic consideration B. Micro-economic consideration 3. A synthesis: SWOT analysis of the wood energy chain 1

Pettenella, Davide

169

A Stability Index for Local Effectivity Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Stability Index for Local Effectivity Functions Joseph Abdou October 9, 2009 Abstract We study - France; email: abdou@univ-paris1.fr 1 halshs-00389003,version1-14Oct2009 Author manuscript, published setting (see Abdou and Keiding (2003) for the general notion of effectiv- ity structure), we shall focus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS M.D. MCCLUSKEY* University) spectroscopy of hydrogen and deuterium in GaP, AlSb, ZnSe, and GaN has provided important information about the structures of dopant- hydrogen complexes and their interaction with the host lattice. In GaN:Mg, for example

McCluskey, Matthew

171

Rescheduling for Locality in Sparse Matrix Computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Finite Element Method (FEM) is a numerical technique used in scien- ti#12;c applications such as Stress in order to improve the data locality in scienti#12;c applications such as Finite Element Analysis Analysis, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow. In FEM the physical domain being modeled is discretized

Strout, Michelle Mills

172

Minimizing local automata Marie-Pierre Beal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing local automata Marie-Pierre B´eal Institut Gaspard-Monge University of Marne-la-Vall´ee, CNRS 77454 Marne-la-Vall´ee Cedex 2, France beal@univ-mlv.fr Maxime Crochemore Institut Gaspard

Boyer, Edmond

173

Local gravitational physics of the Hubble expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study physical consequences of the Hubble expansion of FLRW manifold on measurement of space, time and light propagation in the local inertial frame. We analyse the solar system radar ranging and Doppler tracking experiments, and time synchronization. FLRW manifold is covered by global coordinates (t,y^i), where t is the cosmic time coinciding with the proper time of the Hubble observers. We introduce local inertial coordinates x^a=(x^0,x^i) in the vicinity of a world line of a Hubble observer with the help of a special conformal transformation. The local inertial metric is Minkowski flat and is materialized by the congruence of time-like geodesics of static observers being at rest with respect to the local spatial coordinates x^i. We consider geodesic motion of test particles and notice that the local coordinate time x^0=x^0(t) taken as a parameter along the world line of particle, is a function of the Hubble's observer time t. This function changes smoothly from x^0=t for a particle at rest (observer's clock), to x^0=t+1/2 Ht^2 for photons, where H is the Hubble constant. Thus, motion of a test particle is non-uniform when its world line is parametrized by time t. NASA JPL Orbit Determination Program presumes that motion of light (after the Shapiro delay is excluded) is uniform with respect to the time t but it does not comply with the non-uniform motion of light on cosmological manifold. For this reason, the motion of light in the solar system analysed with the Orbit Determination Program appears as having a systematic blue shift of frequency, of radio waves circulating in the Earth-spacecraft radio link. The magnitude of the anomalous blue shift of frequency is proportional to the Hubble constant H that may open an access to the measurement of this fundamental cosmological parameter in the solar system radiowave experiments.

Sergei Kopeikin

2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

174

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental and economic impact comes from local dairies. By buying these local products, Food Services is sup- porting local farmers Paper ­ paper products, food service supplies Madina Halal Meat & Grocery Store ­ Halal foods Mimi

Mather, Patrick T.

175

LOCAL NESTED STRUCTURE IN RULE 30 ERIC S. ROWLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCAL NESTED STRUCTURE IN RULE 30 ERIC S. ROWLAND DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, RUTGERS, THE STATE'' locally. As a result, local nested structure is produced. This phenome­ non is ultimately due. The main result of the paper establishes the presence of local nested structure in k­color rules

Rowland, Eric

176

LOCAL NESTED STRUCTURE IN RULE 30 ERIC S. ROWLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCAL NESTED STRUCTURE IN RULE 30 ERIC S. ROWLAND DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, RUTGERS, THE STATE" locally. As a result, local nested structure is produced. This phenome- non is ultimately due. The main result of the paper establishes the presence of local nested structure in k-color rules

Rowland, Eric

177

Scuola sullo Sviluppo Locale School on Local Development Universit di Trento University of Trento  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Organi di governo 5. Il Direttivo 6. Il Coordinatore della Scuola 7. Il Collegio dei Docenti 8 locale in un ampio contesto. #12;4 Art. 4 ­ ORGANI DI GOVERNO 1. L'organizzazione e il coordinamento

178

Eternal inflation and localization on the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We model the essential features of eternal inflation on the landscape of a dense discretuum of vacua by the potential $V(\\phi)=V_{0}+\\delta V(\\phi)$, where $|\\delta V(\\phi)|\\ll V_{0}$ is random. We find that the diffusion of the distribution function $\\rho(\\phi,t)$ of the inflaton expectation value in different Hubble patches may be suppressed due to the effect analogous to the Anderson localization in disordered quantum systems. At $t \\to \\infty$ only the localized part of the distribution function $\\rho (\\phi, t)$ survives which leads to dynamical selection principle on the landscape. The probability to measure any but a small value of the cosmological constant in a given Hubble patch on the landscape is exponentially suppressed at $t\\to \\infty$.

D. Podolsky; K. Enqvist

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

179

Localized Surface Plasmons in Vibrating Graphene Nanodisks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized surface plasmons are confined collective oscillations of electrons in metallic nanoparticles. When driven by light, the optical response is dictated by geometrical parameters and the dielectric environment and plasmons are therefore extremely important for sensing applications. Plasmons in graphene disks have the additional benefit to be highly tunable via electrical stimulation. Mechanical vibrations create structural deformations in ways where the excitation of localized surface plasmons can be strongly modulated. We show that the spectral shift in such a scenario is determined by a complex interplay between the symmetry and shape of the modal vibrations and the plasmonic mode pattern. Tuning confined modes of light in graphene via acoustic excitations, paves new avenues in shaping the sensitivity of plasmonic detectors, and in the enhancement of the interaction with optical emitters, such as molecules, for future nanophotonic devices.

Wang, Weihua; Mortensen, N Asger; Christensen, Johan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Localization of gauge fields and monopole tunnelling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the dynamical localization of a massless gauge field on a lower-dimensional surface (2-brane). In flat space, the necessary and sufficient condition for this phenomenon is the existence of confinement in the bulk. The resulting configuration is equivalent to a dual Josephson junction. This duality leads to an interesting puzzle, as it implies that a localized massless theory, even in the Abelian case, must become confining at exponentially large distances. Through the use of topological arguments we clarify the physics behind this large-distance confinement and identify the instantons of the brane world-volume theory that are responsible for its appearance. We show that they correspond to the (condensed) bulk magnetic charges (monopoles), that occasionally tunnel through the brane and induce weak confinement of the brane theory. We consider the possible generalization of this effect to higher dimensions and discuss phenomenological bounds on the confinement of electric charges at exponentially large distances within our Universe.

Dvali, G. [CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Nielsen, H. B. [CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen DK 2100 (Denmark); Tetradis, N. [Department of Physics, University of Athens, Zographou 157 84, Athens (Greece)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Energy localization in two chaotically coupled systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We set up and analyze a random matrix model to study energy localization and its time behavior in two chaotically coupled systems. This investigation is prompted by a recent experimental and theoretical study of Weaver and Lobkis on coupled elastomechanical systems. Our random matrix model properly describes the main features of the findings by Weaver and Lobkis. Due to its general character, our model is also applicable to similar systems in other areas of physics -- for example, to chaotically coupled quantum dots.

Johan Gronqvist; Thomas Guhr

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

Quantitative damage evaluation of localized deep pitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Localized deep pitting is considered difficult to precisely measure and evaluate using simple techniques and daily-use analysis approaches. A case study was made of carbon steel heat exchangers in a typical fresh cooling water environment that experienced severe pitting. To effectively and precisely evaluate the encountered pitting damage, a simple measurement and analyses approach was devised. In this article, the pitting measurement technique and the damage evaluation approach are presented and discussed in detail.

Al Beed, A.A.; Al Garni, M.A.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Local Energy Landscape in a Simple Liquid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is difficult to relate the properties of liquids and glasses directly to their structure because of complexity in the structure which defies precise definition. The potential energy landscape (PEL) approach is a very insightful way to conceptualize the structure-property relationship in liquids and glasses, particularly on the effect of temperature and history. However, because of the highly multi-dimensional nature of the PEL it is hard to determine, or even visualize, the actual details of the energy landscape. In this article we introduce a modified concept of the local energy landscape (LEL) which is limited in phase space, and demonstrate its usefulness using molecular dynamics simulation on a simple liquid at high temperatures. The local energy landscape is given as a function of the local coordination number, the number of the nearest neighbor atoms. The excitations in the LEL corresponds to the so-called beta-relaxation process. The LEL offers a simple but useful starting point to discuss complex phenomena in liquids and glasses.

Takuya Iwashita; Takeshi Egami

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Local Polarization Dynamics in Ferroelectric Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ferroelectrics and multiferroics have recently emerged as perspective materials for information technology and data storage applications. The combination of extremely narrow domain wall width and the capability to manipulate polarization by electric field opens the pathway towards ultrahigh (>10 TBit/in2) storage densities and small (sub-10 nm) feature sizes. The coupling between polarization and chemical and transport properties enables applications in ferroelectric lithography and electroresistive devices. The progress in these applications, as well as fundamental studies of polarization dynamics and the role of defects and disorder on domain nucleation and wall motion, requires the capability to probe these effects on the nanometer scale. In this review, we summarize recent progress in applications of Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM) for imaging, manipulation, and spectroscopy of ferroelectric switching processes. We briefly introduce the principles and relevant instrumental aspects of PFM, with special emphasis on resolution and information limits. The local imaging studies of domain dynamics, including local switching and relaxation accessed through imaging experiments, and spectroscopic studies of polarization switching, are discussed in detail. Finally, we briefly review the recent progress on photochemical processes on ferroelectric surfaces, the role of surface adsorbates, and imaging and switching in liquids. Beyond classical applications, probing local bias-induced transition dynamics by PFM opens the pathway to studies of the influence of a single defect on electrochemical and solid state processes, thus providing model systems for batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitor applications.

Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Chen, L. Q. [Pennsylvania State University; Rodriguez, Brian J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Subsystem codes with spatially local generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study subsystem codes whose gauge group has local generators in two-dimensional (2D) geometry. It is shown that there exists a family of such codes defined on lattices of size LxL with the number of logical qubits k and the minimum distance d both proportional to L. The gauge group of these codes involves only two-qubit generators of type XX and ZZ coupling nearest-neighbor qubits (and some auxiliary one-qubit generators). Our proof is not constructive as it relies on a certain version of the Gilbert-Varshamov bound for classical codes. Along the way, we introduce and study properties of generalized Bacon-Shor codes that might be of independent interest. Secondly, we prove that any 2D subsystem [n,k,d] code with spatially local generators obeys upper bounds kd=O(n) and d{sup 2}=O(n). The analogous upper bound proved recently for 2D stabilizer codes is kd{sup 2}=O(n). Our results thus demonstrate that subsystem codes can be more powerful than stabilizer codes under the spatial locality constraint.

Bravyi, Sergey [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Subsystem codes with spatially local generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study subsystem codes whose gauge group has local generators in the 2D geometry. It is shown that there exists a family of such codes defined on lattices of size LxL with the number of logical qubits k and the minimum distance d both proportional to L. The gauge group of these codes involves only two-qubit generators of type XX and ZZ coupling nearest neighbor qubits (and some auxiliary one-qubit generators). Our proof is not constructive as it relies on a certain version of the Gilbert-Varshamov bound for classical codes. Along the way we introduce and study properties of generalized Bacon-Shor codes which might be of independent interest. Secondly, we prove that any 2D subsystem [n,k,d] code with spatially local generators obeys upper bounds kd=O(n) and d^2=O(n). The analogous upper bound proved recently for 2D stabilizer codes is kd^2=O(n). Our results thus demonstrate that subsystem codes can be more powerful than stabilizer codes under the spatial locality constraint.

Sergey Bravyi

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

187

Optimal generation of entanglement under local control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the optimal generation of entanglement between two qubits subject to local unitary control. With the only assumptions of linear control and unitary dynamics, by means of a numerical protocol based on the variational approach (Pontryagin's Minimum Principle), we evaluate the optimal control strategy leading to the maximal achievable entanglement in an arbitrary interaction time, taking into account the energy cost associated to the controls. In our model we can arbitrarily choose the relative weight between a large entanglement and a small energy cost.

Raffaele Romano; Alessio Del Fabbro

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fermion localization on a split brane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we analyze the localization of fermions on a brane embedded in five-dimensional, warped and nonwarped, space-time. In both cases we use the same nonlinear theoretical model with a nonpolynomial potential featuring a self-interacting scalar field whose minimum energy solution is a soliton (a kink) which can be continuously deformed into a two-kink. Thus a single brane splits into two branes. The behavior of spin 1/2 fermions wave functions on the split brane depends on the coupling of fermions to the scalar field and on the geometry of the space-time.

Chumbes, A. E. R.; Vasquez, A. E. O.; Hott, M. B. [UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista - Campus de Guaratingueta - DFQ. Av. Dr. Ariberto Pereira Cunha, 333 12516-410 Guaratingueta SP Brasil (Brazil)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Star Formation in the Local Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present preliminary results of a long-term study aimed at answering a number of open questions on the evolution of starbursts in local galaxies. The project employes mainly HST data from the ultraviolet to the red of the stellar continuum and of the nebular emission from the galaxies. Here we concentrate on NGC5253 and NGC5236 (M83), that form a dwarf--massive galaxy pair at about 4 Mpc distance. The recent star formation history of the centers of the two galaxies is investigated in order to identify similarities and differences in the evolution of their central starbursts.

Daniela Calzetti; Jason Harris

2001-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

190

The key role of local elected officials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many factions have a stake in the cleanup of radioactively contaminated properties. Often, the interests of these groups conflict, and the ensuing controversy leads to long delays in the decommissioning. The authors were deeply involved in one such project. Their experience revealed that local elected officials are in the best position to take a leadership role among the parties. Elected officials can use the authority of their office to represent the affected constituents and get action from regulators, legislators and the parties responsible for the cleanup.

Edwards, K. [Village of Newburgh Heights, OH (United States); Koh, B. [B. Koh, B.Koh & Associates, Inc., Owings Mills, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

A local model violating Bell's inequalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model for two entangled systems in an EPR setting is shown to reproduce the quantum-mechanical outcomes and expectation values. Each system is represented by a small sphere containing a point-like particle embedded in a field. A quantum state appears as an equivalence class of several possible particle-field configurations. Contrarily to Bell-type hidden variables models, the fields account for the non-commutative aspects of the measurements and deny the simultaneous reality of incompatible physical quantities, thereby allowing to escape EPR's "completeness or locality" dilemma.

A. Matzkin

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

192

Local models and EPR quantum correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model for two entangled systems in an EPR setting is shown to reproduce the quantum-mechanical outcomes and expectation values. Each system is represented by a small sphere containing a point-like particle embedded in a field. A quantum state appears as an equivalence class of several possible particle-field configurations. Contrarily to Bell-type hidden variables models, the fields account for the non-commutative aspects of the measurements and deny the simultaneous reality of incompatible physical quantities, thereby allowing to escape EPR's ``completeness or locality'' dilemma.

A. Matzkin

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

Localization on the Landscape and Eternal Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the validity of the assertion that eternal inflation populates the landscape of string theory. We verify that bubble solutions do not satisfy the Klein Gordon equation for the landscape potential. Solutions to the landscape potential within the formalism of quantum cosmology are Anderson localized wavefunctions. Those are inconsistent with inflating bubble solutions. The physical reasons behind the failure of a relation between eternal inflation and the landscape are rooted in quantum phenomena such as interference between wavefunction concentrated around the various vacua in the landscape.

Laura Mersini-Houghton; Malcolm J. Perry

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

194

Chapter 52.1, Local Contract Clauses  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Day with SecretaryDerivedof& EASTERN:2.1, Local

195

Local Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarListLiveFuels Inc Jump to:White DeerLocal

196

AFGE Local 3824 Professional | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley ResponsibleSubmissionofDepartment ofDepartment ofAFGE Local 3824

197

NREL: Technology Deployment - State and Local Governments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell Batteries & FuelTechnologies TheState and Local

198

Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming Mahmut Kandemir, Member hierarchies is closely related to the performance of the memory subsystem. Compiler optimizations aimed at improving cache locality are critical in realizing the performance potential of powerful processors

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

199

Essays on the economics of local labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the economics of local labor markets. There are three chapters in the thesis, and each chapter studies how economic outcomes are affected by local labor market conditions. The first chapter studies the ...

Notowidigdo, Matt, 1981-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

LOCAL BUS $178.00 LINK $267.00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- No refunds Pass Information: (617) 222-5218/6117 Schedule and Fare Information: (617) 222-3200 www.mbta, 2014 Local Bus $44.50/Month · Any local MBTA Bus or Trackless Trolley, excluding Mattapan High- Speed

Dennett, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Obama Administration Announces Additional $27,777,600 for Local...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

27,777,600 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Utah Obama Administration Announces Additional 27,777,600 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Utah March 26, 2009 -...

202

EECBG Success Story: Massachusetts Middle School Goes Local for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Massachusetts Middle School Goes Local for PV Solar Energy System EECBG Success Story: Massachusetts Middle School Goes Local for PV Solar Energy System August 13, 2010 - 11:21am...

203

State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network Graphic of logo of the State and Local Energy Efficiency (SEE) Action Network, which includes a green map of the United States...

204

Localized Thermal Distribution for Office Buildings; Final Report - Phase III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

level is local (zonal) fan coil units served by variableby the T A M s and fan coil units, and has a rate of energyfan and the local fan coil units. The TAMs were sized to

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...

Williams, Linda M.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Local architectural identities within modernization context in southern China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the processing of modernization, local architecture identities are diminishing in Kaiping, my home county in Canton Province, China. This thesis is searching for new architectural features that are based on the local ...

Zhen, Lian Quan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Localization and Coordination in Decentralized Multi-Robot Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localization and Coordination in Decentralized Multi-Robot Systems Patricia Kristine Sheridan Supervisor: Professor B. Benhabib Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University of Toronto March, 2009 #12;Localization and Coordination in Decentralized Multi-Robot Systems ABSTRACT

Sun, Yu

208

Climate change and trans-local solidarities Paul Routledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change and trans-local solidarities Paul Routledge Paul.Routledge@ges.gla.ac.uk This project will consider local responses and adaptations to climate change across a range of different sites

Guo, Zaoyang

209

Tourism & Urban Development: Building Local Economies & Sense of Place  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tourism & Urban Development: Building Local Economies & Sense of Place - Greenwoods Corner - Simon, tourism must sustain and enhance local quality of life ­ "Communities will work for tourism if tourism

210

Local Scouts Train with Hanford Safety Experts - 52 Boy Scouts...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Local Scouts Train with Hanford Safety Experts - 52 Boy Scouts Earn Merit Badges at the HAMMER Training Facility Local Scouts Train with Hanford Safety Experts - 52 Boy Scouts Earn...

211

Simulating weak localization using superconducting quantum circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding complex quantum matter presents a central challenge in condensed matter physics. The difficulty lies in the exponential scaling of the Hilbert space with the system size, making solutions intractable for both analytical and conventional numerical methods. As originally envisioned by Richard Feynman, this class of problems can be tackled using controllable quantum simulators. Despite many efforts, building an quantum emulator capable of solving generic quantum problems remains an outstanding challenge, as this involves controlling a large number of quantum elements. Here, employing a multi-element superconducting quantum circuit and manipulating a single microwave photon, we demonstrate that we can simulate the weak localization phenomenon observed in mesoscopic systems. By engineering the control sequence in our emulator circuit, we are also able to reproduce the well-known temperature dependence of weak localization. Furthermore, we can use our circuit to continuously tune the level of disorder, a parameter that is not readily accessible in mesoscopic systems. By demonstrating a high level of control and complexity, our experiment shows the potential for superconducting quantum circuits to realize scalable quantum simulators.

Yu Chen; P. Roushan; D. Sank; C. Neill; Erik Lucero; Matteo Mariantoni; R. Barends; B. Chiaro; J. Kelly; A. Megrant; J. Y. Mutus; P. J. J. O'Malley; A. Vainsencher; J. Wenner; T. C. White; Yi Yin; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

212

Incorporating local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study nonlocal equations from the area of peridynamics on bounded domains. In our companion paper, we discover that, on $\\mathbb{R}^n$, the governing operator in peridynamics, which involves a convolution, is a bounded function of the classical (local) governing operator. Building on this, we define an abstract convolution operator on bounded domains. The abstract convolution operator is a function of the classical operator, defined by a Hilbert basis available due to the purely discrete spectrum of the latter. As governing operator of the nonlocal equation we use a function of the classical operator, this allows us to incorporate local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories. For the homogeneous wave equation with the considered boundary conditions, we prove that continuity is preserved by time evolution. We give explicit solution expressions for the initial value problems with prominent boundary conditions such as periodic, antiperiodic, Neumann, and Dirichlet. In order to connect to the standard convolution, we give an integral representation of the abstract convolution operator. We present additional "simple" convolutionsbased on periodic and antiperiodic boundary conditions that lead Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. We present a numerical study of the solutions of the wave equation. For discretization, we employ a weak formulation based on a Galerkin projection and use piecewise polynomials on each element which allows discontinuities of the approximate solution at the element borders. We study convergence order of solutions with respect to polynomial order and observe optimal convergence. We depict the solutions for each boundary condition.

Burak Aksoylu; Horst Reinhard Beyer; Fatih Celiker

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

Star Formation Histories in the Local Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep color magnitude diagrams extending to the main sequence provide the most direct measure of the detailed star formation history in a stellar population. With large investments of observing time, HST can obtain such data for populations out to 1 Mpc, but its field of view is extremely small in comparison to the size of Local Group galaxies. This limitation severely constrains our understanding of galaxy formation. For example, the largest galaxy in the Local Group, Andromeda, offers an ideal laboratory for studying the formation of large spiral galaxies, but the galaxy shows substructure on a variety of scales, presumably due to its violent merger history. Within its remaining lifetime, HST can only sample a few sight-lines through this complex galaxy. In contrast, a wide field imager could provide a map of Andromeda's halo, outer disk, and tidal streams, revealing the spatially-dependent star formation history in each structure. The same data would enable many secondary studies, such as the age variation in Andromeda's globular cluster system, gigantic samples of variable stars, and microlensing tracers of the galaxy's dark matter distribution.

Thomas M. Brown

2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

214

Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.

A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

215

Deuterium depletion and magnesium enhancement in the local disc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The local disc deuter is known to be depleted in comparison to the local bubble. We show, that the same lines of sight that are depleted in deuter, are enhanced in magnesium. Heavier elements - Si and Fe do not show any difference in the abundance between the local disc and the local bubble. This observation implicates that astration is responsible for both deuter depletion and magnesium enhancement.

Piotr Gnacinski

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

216

Local Responses to Marine Conservation in Zanzibar, Tanzania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Honey, M.   1999.   Ecotourism and sustainable development: local community members.   Ecotourism is a lucrative niche 

Levine, Arielle

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Evolving an Indoor Robotic Localization System Based on Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of indoor robotic localization. We investigate the design and building of an autonomous localization system provides the position of one robot in a space, as in a Cartesian plane, corroborating with the EvoEvolving an Indoor Robotic Localization System Based on Wireless Networks Gustavo Pessin1

Braun, Torsten

218

Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for Local Green Building Ordinances in Climate Zone 6, 12 Standards. The energy requirements of a local green building ordinance are not legally enforceable untilCodes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances Title: Climate Zone 6 Energy Cost

219

Extremely local MR representations: Youngmi Hur1 & Amos Ron2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extremely local MR representations: L-CAMP Youngmi Hur1 & Amos Ron2 Workshop on sparse representations: UMD, May 2005 1 Math, UW-Madison 2 CS, UW-Madison #12;Wavelet and framelet constructions History of all local MR representations #12;L-CAMP: Extremely local MR constructions Bird's view of the CAP

Maryland at College Park, University of

220

Sustainable feeding systems based on the use of local resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable feeding systems based on the use of local resources PP Roggero S Bellon M Rosales3 1 of organisation and planning of the use of renewable local resources. The multiple use of a specific feed resource considered as examples of diversification and exploitation of local resources. The integration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

THE LOCAL HOSTS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use multi-wavelength, matched aperture, integrated photometry from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the RC3 to estimate the physical properties of 166 nearby galaxies hosting 168 well-observed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The ultraviolet (UV) imaging of local SN Ia hosts from GALEX allows a direct comparison with higher-redshift hosts measured at optical wavelengths that correspond to the rest-frame UV. Our data corroborate well-known features that have been seen in other SN Ia samples. Specifically, hosts with active star formation produce brighter and slower SNe Ia on average, and hosts with luminosity-weighted ages older than 1 Gyr produce on average more faint, fast, and fewer bright, slow SNe Ia than younger hosts. New results include that in our sample, the faintest and fastest SNe Ia occur only in galaxies exceeding a stellar mass threshold of approx10{sup 10} M{sub sun}, leading us to conclude that their progenitors must arise in populations that are older and/or more metal rich than the general SN Ia population. A low host extinction subsample hints at a residual trend in peak luminosity with host age, after correcting for light-curve shape, giving the appearance that older hosts produce less-extincted SNe Ia on average. This has implications for cosmological fitting of SNe Ia, and suggests that host age could be useful as a parameter in the fitting. Converting host mass to metallicity and computing {sup 56}Ni mass from the supernova light curves, we find that our local sample is consistent with a model that predicts a shallow trend between stellar metallicity and the {sup 56}Ni mass that powers the explosion, but we cannot rule out the absence of a trend. We measure a correlation between {sup 56}Ni mass and host age in the local universe that is shallower and not as significant as that seen at higher redshifts. The details of the age-{sup 56}Ni mass correlations at low and higher redshift imply a luminosity-weighted age threshold of approx3 Gyr for SN Ia hosts, above which they are less likely to produce SNe Ia with {sup 56}Ni masses above approx0.5 M{sub sun}.

Neill, James D.; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Wyder, Ted K. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Sullivan, Mark [University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Howell, D. Andrew [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Conley, Alex [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ONM5S3H8 (Canada); Seibert, Mark; Madore, Barry F. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA, 91101 (United States); Neff, Susan G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Donas, Jose; Milliard, Bruno [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12 (France); Heckman, Timothy M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lee, Young-Wook [Center for Space Astrophysics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Rich, R. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

222

Local Representation in the Context of Decentralization: Mayors, Citizens, and Local Governance in Latin America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Points ...................................................... 38 2-12 Municipal Income ............................................................................................... 46 2-13 Municipal Expenditures... ........................................................................ 135 4-3 Multi-level Model of Government Effectiveness and Responsiveness in 20 Cantons in Ecuador .......................................................... 138 4-4 Local Government Effectiveness in 30 Municipalities in Ecuador in 2012...

Shockley, Bethany L

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

A block matching-based registration algorithm for localization of locally advanced lung tumors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To implement and evaluate a block matching-based registration (BMR) algorithm for locally advanced lung tumor localization during image-guided radiotherapy. Methods: Small (1 cm{sup 3}), nonoverlapping image subvolumes (“blocks”) were automatically identified on the planning image to cover the tumor surface using a measure of the local intensity gradient. Blocks were independently and automatically registered to the on-treatment image using a rigid transform. To improve speed and robustness, registrations were performed iteratively from coarse to fine image resolution. At each resolution, all block displacements having a near-maximum similarity score were stored. From this list, a single displacement vector for each block was iteratively selected which maximized the consistency of displacement vectors across immediately neighboring blocks. These selected displacements were regularized using a median filter before proceeding to registrations at finer image resolutions. After evaluating all image resolutions, the global rigid transform of the on-treatment image was computed using a Procrustes analysis, providing the couch shift for patient setup correction. This algorithm was evaluated for 18 locally advanced lung cancer patients, each with 4–7 weekly on-treatment computed tomography scans having physician-delineated gross tumor volumes. Volume overlap (VO) and border displacement errors (BDE) were calculated relative to the nominal physician-identified targets to establish residual error after registration. Results: Implementation of multiresolution registration improved block matching accuracy by 39% compared to registration using only the full resolution images. By also considering multiple potential displacements per block, initial errors were reduced by 65%. Using the final implementation of the BMR algorithm, VO was significantly improved from 77% ± 21% (range: 0%–100%) in the initial bony alignment to 91% ± 8% (range: 56%–100%;p < 0.001). Left-right, anterior-posterior, and superior-inferior systematic BDE were 3.2, 2.4, and 4.4 mm, respectively, with random BDE of 2.4, 2.1, and 2.7 mm. Margins required to include both localization and delineation uncertainties ranged from 5.0 to 11.7 mm, an average of 40% less than required for bony alignment. Conclusions: BMR is a promising approach for automatic lung tumor localization. Further evaluation is warranted to assess the accuracy and robustness of BMR against other potential localization strategies.

Robertson, Scott P.; Weiss, Elisabeth; Hugo, Geoffrey D., E-mail: gdhugo@vcu.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, 23298 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Segmented nanowires displaying locally controllable properties  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

225

Local public document room directory. Revision 7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This directory (NUREG/BR-0088, Revision 7) lists local public document rooms (LPDRs) for commercial nuclear power plants with operating or possession-only licenses or under construction, plus the LPDRs for potential high-level radioactive waste repository sites, gaseous diffusion plants, certain fuel cycle facilities, certain low-level waste disposal facilities, and any temporary LPDRs established for the duration of licensing proceedings. In some instances, the LPDR libraries maintain document collections for more than one licensed facility. The library staff members listed are the persons most familiar with the LPDR collections. Reference librarians in the NRC Headquarters Public Document Room (PDR) are also available to assist the public in locating NRC documents.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Constructing optimal local pseudopotentials from first principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local pseudopotential (LPP) is an important component of the orbital free density functional theory (OF-DFT), which is a promising large scale simulation method that can still maintain information of electron state in materials. Up to date, LPP is usually extracted from the solid state DFT calculations. It is unclear how to assess its transferability while applying to a much different chemical environment. Here we reveal a fundamental relation between the first principles norm-conserving PP (NCPP) and the LPP. Using the optimized effective potential method developed for exchange functional, we demonstrate that the LPP can be constructed optimally from the NCPP for a large number of elements. Our theory also reveals that the existence of an LPP is intrinsic to the elements, irrespective to the parameters used for the construction. Our method provides a unified method in constructing and assessing LPP in the framework of first principles pseudopotentials.

Mi, Wenhui; Ma, Yanming; Miao, Maosheng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Monogamy of Measurement Induced Non-Locality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement-Induced NonLocality was introduced by Luo and Fu (Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{106}, 120401,(2011)) as a measure of nonlocality in a bipartite state. In this paper we will discuss monogamy property of measurement-induced nonlocality for some three- and four-qubit classes of states. Unlike discord, we find quite surprising results in this situation. Both the GHZ and W states satisfy monogamy relations in the three-qubit case, however, in general there are violations of monogamy relations in both the GHZ-class and W-class states. In case of four-qubit system, monogamy holds for most of the states in the generic class. Four qubit GHZ does not satisfy monogamy relation, but W-state does. We provide several numerical results including counterexamples regarding monogamy nature of measurement induced nonlocality. We will also extend our results of generalized W-class to n-qubit.

Ajoy Sen; Debasis Sarkar; Amit Bhar

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

Infrared problem and spatially local observables in electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An algebra previously proposed as an asymptotic field structure in electrodynamics is considered in respect of localization properties of fields. Fields are 'spatially local' -- localized in regions resulting as unions of two intersecting (solid) lightcones: a future- and a past-lightcone. This localization remains in concord with the usual idealizations connected with the scattering theory. Fields thus localized naturally include infrared characteristics normally placed at spacelike infinity and form a structure respecting Gauss law. When applied to the description of the radiation of an external classical current the model is free of 'infrared catastrophe'.

Andrzej Herdegen

2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

ALFALFA: HI Cosmology in the Local Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the last 25 years, the 21 cm line has been used productively to investigate the large-scale structure of the Universe, its peculiar velocity field and the measurement of cosmic parameters. In February 2005 a blind HI survey that will cover 7074 square degrees of the high latitude sky was started at Arecibo, using the 7-beam feed L-band feed array (ALFA). Known as the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) Survey, the program is producing a census of HI-bearing objects over a cosmologically significant volume of the local Universe. With respect to previous blind HI surveys, ALFALFA offers an improvement of about one order of magnitude in sensitivity, 4 times the angular resolution, 3 times the spectral resolution, and 1.6 times the total bandwidth of HIPASS. ALFALFA can detect 7 X 10**4 D**2 solar masses of HI, where D is the source distance in Mpc. As of mid 2007, 44% of the survey observations and 15% of the source extraction are completed. We discuss the status of the survey and present a few preliminary re...

Giovanelli, Riccardo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

ALFALFA: HI Cosmology in the Local Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the last 25 years, the 21 cm line has been used productively to investigate the large-scale structure of the Universe, its peculiar velocity field and the measurement of cosmic parameters. In February 2005 a blind HI survey that will cover 7074 square degrees of the high latitude sky was started at Arecibo, using the 7-beam feed L-band feed array (ALFA). Known as the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) Survey, the program is producing a census of HI-bearing objects over a cosmologically significant volume of the local Universe. With respect to previous blind HI surveys, ALFALFA offers an improvement of about one order of magnitude in sensitivity, 4 times the angular resolution, 3 times the spectral resolution, and 1.6 times the total bandwidth of HIPASS. ALFALFA can detect 7 X 10**4 D**2 solar masses of HI, where D is the source distance in Mpc. As of mid 2007, 44% of the survey observations and 15% of the source extraction are completed. We discuss the status of the survey and present a few preliminary results, in particular with reference to the proposed "dark galaxy" VirgoHI21.

Riccardo Giovanelli

2007-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

231

Edge-localized-modes in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Edge-localized-modes (ELMs) are a ubiquitous feature of H-mode in tokamaks. When gradients in the H-mode transport barrier grow to exceed the MHD stability limit the ELM instability grows explosively, rapidly transporting energy and particles onto open field lines and material surfaces. Though ELMs provide additional particle and impurity transport through the H-mode transport barrier, enabling steady operation, the resulting heat flux transients to plasma facing surfaces project to large amplitude in future low collisionality burning plasma tokamaks. Measurements of the ELM heat flux deposition onto material surfaces in the divertor and main chamber indicate significant broadening compared to inter-ELM heat flux, with a timescale for energy deposition that is consistent with sonic ion flow and numerical simulation. Comprehensive ELM simulation is highlighting the important physics processes of ELM transport including parallel transport due to magnetic reconnection and turbulence resulting from collapse of the H-mode transport barrier. Encouraging prospects for ELM control and/or suppression in future tokamaks include intrinsic modes of ELM free operation, ELM triggering with frequent small pellet injection and the application of 3D magnetic fields.

Leonard, A. W. [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Dual mode stereotactic localization method and application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention described herein combines the structural digital X-ray image provided by conventional stereotactic core biopsy instruments with the additional functional metabolic gamma imaging obtained with a dedicated compact gamma imaging mini-camera. Before the procedure, the patient is injected with an appropriate radiopharmaceutical. The radiopharmaceutical uptake distribution within the breast under compression in a conventional examination table expressed by the intensity of gamma emissions is obtained for comparison (co-registration) with the digital mammography (X-ray) image. This dual modality mode of operation greatly increases the functionality of existing stereotactic biopsy devices by yielding a much smaller number of false positives than would be produced using X-ray images alone. The ability to obtain both the X-ray mammographic image and the nuclear-based medicine gamma image using a single device is made possible largely through the use of a novel, small and movable gamma imaging camera that permits its incorporation into the same table or system as that currently utilized to obtain X-ray based mammographic images for localization of lesions.

Keppel, Cynthia E. (Norfolk, VA); Barbosa, Fernando Jorge (Newport News, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Local Thermal Equilibrium States and Quantum Energy Inequalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the energy distribution of states of a linear scalar quantum field with arbitrary curvature coupling on a curved spacetime which fulfill some local thermality condition. We find that this condition implies a quantum energy inequality for these states, where the (lower) energy bounds depend only on the local temperature distribution and are local and covariant (the dependence of the bounds other than on temperature is on parameters defining the quantum field model, and on local quantities constructed from the spacetime metric). Moreover, we also establish the averaged null energy condition (ANEC) for such locally thermal states, under growth conditions on their local temperature and under conditions on the free parameters entering the definition of the renormalized stress-energy tensor. These results hold for a range of curvature couplings including the cases of conformally coupled and minimally coupled scalar field.

Jan Schlemmer; Rainer Verch

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Fermion localization and flavour hierarchy in higher curvature spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fermion localization in a braneworld model in presence of dilaton coupled higher curvature Gauss-Bonnet bulk gravity is discussed. It is shown that the left handed fermionic modes can be localized on the visible brane due to the dilaton coupled higher curvature term without the necessity of any external localizing bulk field. This offers a natural resolution of the flavour hierarchy problem in Standard Model.

Choudhury, Sayantan; SenGupta, Soumitra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Local Content Requirements in British Columbia's Wind Power Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Content Requirements in British Columbia's Wind Power Industry May Hao, Matt Mackenzie, Alex..................................................................................8 4.1 Current Wind Power Projects

Pedersen, Tom

236

NREL: State and Local Governments - The Effect of State Policy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fact Sheet Blog post Podcast Press release Slide 1: Intro slide Implementing State and Local Markets Specific groupings of state policies stimulate distributed PV markets over...

237

High power density supercapacitors using locally aligned carbon nanotube electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High power density supercapacitors using locally alignedof high power density supercapacitors and other similarcells [6], and for supercapacitors [7–18]. As unique energy

Du, C S; Yeh, J; Pan, Ning

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Skeletal muscle biomechanics drives intramuscular transport of locally delivered drugs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: Effective local drug delivery to contractile tissues such as skeletal muscle requires a thorough understanding of the impact of mechanical loads on intramuscular pharmacokinetics. Current preparations for ...

Wu, Peter I-Kung

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

State and Local Solution Center | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(TAP) provide resources, events, and assistance to state, local, tribal, and K-12 school district leaders working to unlock a clean energy economy. Resources in the State and...

240

Local Fermi gas in inclusive muon capture from nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare local Fermi gas and shell model in muon capture in nuclei in order to estimate the effect of finite nuclear size in low energy weak reactions.

J. E. Amaro; J. Nieves; M. Valverde; C. Maieron

2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and...

242

alfreton local plan: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the robot should perform in order to improve mapping efficiency Chaimowicz, Luiz 7 Business Plans Classification with Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Models Engineering...

243

Local Uniqueness for the Fixed Energy Fixed Angle Inverse Problem ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. We prove local uniqueness for the inverse problem in obstacle scattering at a fixed energy and fixed incident angle. We consider the inverse problem of ...

244

Optimization Online - Exploiting derivative-free local searches in ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 28, 2014 ... Exploiting derivative-free local searches in DIRECT-type algorithms for global optimization. Giampaolo Liuzzi(giampaolo.liuzzi ***at*** ...

Giampaolo Liuzzi

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

245

State and Local Energy Assurance Planning | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

to support their energy emergency response activities. This is done through forums, web-based training, and table top exercises for federal, State, and local energy officials...

246

Mandating Solar Hot Water by California Local Governments: Legal Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the legality of solar mandates in California cities andCITIES & CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION, SOLAR HANDBOOK FORMandating Solar Hot Water By California Local Governments:

Hoffman,, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

NREL: State and Local Governments - Value of Solar: Program Design...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation to the U.S. Electric Grid" Value of Solar Policy Basics Printable Version State & Local Governments Home Blog...

248

State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Jim Meyers, Southwest Energy Efficiency Project View the Presentation State and Local Code Implementation:...

249

State and Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review More Documents & Publications Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region -...

250

Support for State, Local, and Tribal Officials | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO) is consolidating its technical assistance program offerings to support state, local, and tribal officials under the State and...

251

Risk Analysis 101: fooled by local robustness ... again!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 24, 2012 ... Risk Analysis 101: fooled by local robustness ... again! Moshe Sniedovich(moshe ***at*** ms.unimelb.edu.au). Abstract: This article explains, ...

Moshe Sniedovich

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

252

Connecting Reionization to the Local Universe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of combined N-body and three-dimensional reionization calculations to determine the relationship between reionization history and local environment in a volume 1 Gpc h{sup -1} across and a resolution of about 1 Mpc. We resolve the formation of about 2 x 10{sup 6} halos of mass greater than {approx} 10{sup 12} M{sub {circle_dot}} at z = 0, allowing us to determine the relationship between halo mass and reionization epoch for galaxies and clusters. For our fiducial reionization model, in which reionization begins at z {approx} 15 and ends by z {approx} 6, we find a strong bias for cluster-size halos to be in the regions which reionized first, at redshifts 10 < z < 15. Consequently, material in clusters was reionized within relatively small regions, on the order of a few Mpc, implying that all clusters in our calculation were reionized by their own progenitors. Milky Way mass halos were on average reionized later and by larger regions, with a distribution most similar to the global one, indicating that low mass halos are nearly uncorrelated with reionization when only their mass is taken as a prior. On average, we find that most halos with mass less than 10{sup 13} M{sub {circle_dot}} were reionized internally, while almost all halos with masses greater than 10{sup 14} M{sub {circle_dot}} were reionized by their own progenitors. We briefly discuss the implications of this work in light of the 'missing satellites' problem and how this new approach may be extended further.

Alvarez, Marcelo A.; Busha, Michael; Abel, Tom; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

253

A new prediction strategy for long local protein structures using an original description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - A new prediction strategy for long local protein structures using an original description Prediction Keywords: library of fragments, structural networks, local structure prediction, support vector approximation. A local structure prediction method was also proposed. Here, overlapping properties of local

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Other Locales Gulf Stream Locale -A Field Laboratory for Cloud Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002Optics Group (X-rayLSD LogoDOE TribalGulf Stream Locale -A

255

Nuclear localization of pyrroleimidazole polyamidefluorescein conjugates in cell culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- jugates were synthesized and assayed for cellular localization. Thirteen cell lines, representing 11 human cancers, one human transformed kidney cell line, and one murine leukemia cell line, were treated with 5 M cell lines tested. The localization profiles of several other conjugates suggest that pyrrole

Dervan, Peter B.

256

Organizing and Strategizing a Local/Regional Solar Effort  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar, "Organizing and Strategizing A Local/Regional Solar Effort," was originally presented on June 14, 2013 as part of the DOE SunShot Initiative's Solar Action Webinar Series. This includes presentations by a number of the program's grant partners, including three cities and one corporate partner, to provide participants' perspectives and present their local solar strategies.

257

Gradient Improvement by Removal of Identified Local Defects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experience of ILC cavity processing and testing at Jefferson Lab has shown that some 9-cell cavities are quench limited at a gradient in the range of 15-25 MV/m. Further studies reveal that these quench limits are often correlated with sub-mm sized and highly localized geometrical defects at or near the equator weld. There are increasing evidence to show that these genetic defects have their origin in the material or in the electron beam welding process (for example due to weld irregularities or splatters on the RF surface and welding porosity underneath the surface). A local defect removal method has been proposed at Jefferson Lab by locally re-melting the niobium material. Several 1-cell cavities with known local defects have been treated by using the JLab local e-beam re-melting method, resulting in gradient and Q0 improvement. We also sent 9-cell cavities with known gradient limiting local defects to KEK for local grinding and to FNAL for global mechanical polishing. We report on the results of gradient improvements by removal of local defects in these cavities.

R.L. Geng, W.A. Clemens, C.A. Cooper, H. Hayano, K. Watanabe

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Collaborative Facial Landmark Localization for Transferring Annotations Across Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collaborative Facial Landmark Localization for Transferring Annotations Across Datasets Brandon M landmark datasets with different landmark definitions into a super dataset, with a union of all landmark known landmarks in the target dataset to constrain the localization. Our novel pipeline is built upon

Zhang, Li

259

Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell In´es Cavero the -function shell, the local energy density diverges as the surface of the shell is approached; the divergence by physical boundaries, such as the Casimir energy due to a perfectly conducting spherical shell [1], has been

Milton, Kim

260

REVIEWS AND SYNTHESES Local adaptation in host use among marine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, local adaptation, selection. Ecology Letters (2005) 8: 448­459 I N T R O DU C T I O N Population, abundance and ecological roles of organisms (Fox & Morrow 1981; Mopper & Strauss 1998), helps to maintain, there is a lingering perception that populations in the sea rarely locally adapt, and are more likely to evolve

Sotka, Erik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to DNA-Wrapping Huihong ABSTRACT We studied the local optical response of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes to wrapping-field images of single nanotubes reveal large DNA-wrapping-induced red shifts of the exciton energy

Novotny, Lukas

262

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche TAO / LRI ; Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, INRIA the problem of re-localization in a swarm of moving virtual robots where some robots might be lost and where the distance between each neighboring robot is known within a limited communication radius (e.g. using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

Image Forgery Detection Using Multi-Resolution Weber Local Descriptors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Forgery Detection Using Multi-Resolution Weber Local Descriptors Muhammad Hussain1 , Ghulam * ghulam@ksu.edu.sa Abstract-- In this paper, a multi-resolution Weber law descriptors (WLD) based image of the images. Keywords: image forgery detection, Weber local descriptor, splicing forgery, copy-move forgery

Bebis, George

264

Business Plans Classification with Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Business Plans Classification with Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Models Antti Sorjamaa1 , Amaury linéaire par morceaux connue sous le nom de Locally Pruned Lazy Learning Model. Mots clefs : Lazy Learning, Classification, Leave-one-Out, Elagage. Abstract : A business plan is a document presenting in a concise form

Verleysen, Michel

265

Localized temperature stability of low temperature cofired ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to low temperature cofired ceramic modules having localized temperature stability by incorporating temperature coefficient of resonant frequency compensating materials locally into a multilayer LTCC module. Chemical interactions can be minimized and physical compatibility between the compensating materials and the host LTCC dielectrics can be achieved. The invention enables embedded resonators with nearly temperature-independent resonance frequency.

Dai, Steven Xunhu

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

266

LOCALIZED AGRO-ALIMENTARY SYSTEMS IN THE PAMPAS REGION, ARGENTINA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCALIZED AGRO-ALIMENTARY SYSTEMS IN THE PAMPAS REGION, ARGENTINA. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL Investigaciones Científicas (CIC) - Buenos Aires - Argentina Departamento de Desarrollo Rural - Facultad de LOCALIZED AGRO-ALIMENTARY SYSTEMS IN THE PAMPAS REGION, ARGENTINA. halshs-00534675,version1-21Mar2013 Author

Boyer, Edmond

267

Energy-Optimal Collaborative GPS Localization with Short Range Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accuracy. In this paper, we show that the collaboration among proxy devices is helpful to energy-efficiently campuses. Next, we contemplate what is the best method for selfish mobile users to collaborate for energy-efficient localization, and suggest an energy-efficient and/or user fairness localization framework. Next, we develop

Cai, Ying

268

Infinite Hamilton Cycles in Squares of Locally Finite Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infinite Hamilton Cycles in Squares of Locally Finite Graphs Agelos Georgakopoulos Abstract We prove Diestel's conjecture that the square G2 of a 2-connected locally finite graph G has a Hamilton if and only if they have distance at most n in G. A Hamilton cycle in a graph is a cycle containing all its

Diestel, Reinhard

269

Supersonic Flutter Analysis Based on a Local Piston Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supersonic Flutter Analysis Based on a Local Piston Theory Wei-Wei Zhang, Zheng-Yin Ye, and Chen§ University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-3975 DOI: 10.2514/1.37750 A highly efficient local-piston speeds. A steady mean flow solution is first obtained by an Euler method. The classical piston theory

Liu, Feng

270

Fertility Limits on Local Politicians in India Abhishek Chakravarty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., sterilization incentives in India). This paper examines a novel policy experiment that imposes fertility limitsFertility Limits on Local Politicians in India S Anukriti Abhishek Chakravarty September 19, 2014: political leaders. Keywords: India, Local Elections, Fertility Limits, Sex Ratios, Population Control We

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

271

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

Irizarry, Rafael A.

272

Local Impact, National Influence, Global Reach UC San Diego's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Global Reach Impacting the Economy Overall Impact in San Diego County · Total economic impact of UC SanLocal Impact, National Influence, Global Reach UC San Diego's Economic Impact and Benefits in our Region and State Chancellor Marye Anne Fox #12;Local Impact, National Influence, Global Reach Economic

Russell, Lynn

273

Short communication Localized structures generated by subcritical instabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1829 Short communication Localized structures generated by subcritical instabilities O. Thual(1 cases the possible ori- gin of localized structures lies in the existence of a subcritical instability.1051/jphys:0198800490110182900 #12;1830 structure in the vicinity of a subcritical instabi- lity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Damping filter method for obtaining spatially localized solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially localized structures are key components of turbulence and other spatio-temporally chaotic systems. From a dynamical systems viewpoint, it is desirable to obtain corresponding exact solutions, though their existence is not guaranteed. A damping filter method is introduced to obtain variously localized solutions, and adopted into two typical cases. This method introduces a spatially selective damping effect to make a good guess at the exact solution, and we can obtain an exact solution through a continuation with the damping amplitude. First target is a steady solution to Swift-Hohenberg equation, which is a representative of bi-stable systems in which localized solutions coexist, and a model for span-wisely localized cases. Not only solutions belonging to the well-known snaking branches but also those belonging to an isolated branch known as "isolas" are found with a continuation paths between them in phase space extended with the damping amplitude. This indicates that this spatially selective excitation mechanism has an advantage in searching spatially localized solutions. Second target is a spatially localized traveling-wave solution to Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, which is a model for stream-wisely localized cases. Since the spatially selective damping effect breaks Galilean and translational invariances, the propagation velocity cannot be determined uniquely while the damping is active, and a singularity arises when these invariances are recovered. We demonstrate that this singularity can be avoided by imposing a simple condition, and a localized traveling-wave solution is obtained with a specific propagation speed.

Toshiki Teramura; Sadayoshi Toh

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Generating the local oscillator "locally" in continuous-variable quantum key distribution based on coherent detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocols based on coherent detection have been studied extensively in both theory and experiment. In all the existing implementations of CV-QKD, both the quantum signal and the local oscillator (LO) are generated from the same laser and propagate through the insecure quantum channel. This arrangement may open security loopholes and also limit the potential applications of CV-QKD. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate a pilot-aided feedforward data recovery scheme which enables reliable coherent detection using a "locally" generated LO. Using two independent commercial laser sources and a spool of 25 km optical fiber, we construct a coherent communication system. The variance of the phase noise introduced by the proposed scheme is measured to be 0.04 (rad^2), which is small enough to enable secure key distribution. This technology also opens the door for other quantum communication protocols, such as the recently proposed measurement-device-independent (MDI) CV-QKD where independent light sources are employed by different users.

Bing Qi; Pavel Lougovski; Raphael Pooser; Warren Grice; Miljko Bobrek

2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

276

Non-local gravity and comparison with observational datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the cosmological predictions of two recently proposed non-local modifications of General Relativity. Both models have the same number of parameters as $\\Lambda$CDM, with a mass parameter $m$ replacing the cosmological constant. We implement the cosmological perturbations of the non-local models into a modification of the CLASS Boltzmann code, and we make a full comparison to CMB, BAO and supernova data. We find that the non-local models fit these datasets as well as $\\Lambda$CDM. For both non-local models parameter estimation using Planck+JLA+BAO data gives a value of $H_0$ higher than in $\\Lambda$CDM, and in better agreement with the values obtained from local measurements.

Yves Dirian; Stefano Foffa; Martin Kunz; Michele Maggiore; Valeria Pettorino

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

277

Improved Beta-Protein Structure Prediction by Multilevel Optimization of NonLocal Strand Pairings and Local  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using backbone torsion-space moves. An iterative, energy-biased resampling strategy is used to exploreImproved Beta-Protein Structure Prediction by Multilevel Optimization of NonLocal Strand Pairings and Local Backbone Conformation Philip Bradley and David Baker* University of Washington, Seattle

Baker, David

278

Duopoly Interaction and Expected Price for Local Access Running Heading: Duopoly Interaction and Expected Price for Local Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Duopoly Interaction and Expected Price for Local Access Running Heading: Duopoly Interaction and Expected Price for Local Access Judith A. Molka-Danielsen Department of Informatics Molde College P.O. Box. Competition brings pricing flexibility, so that one could expect implicit subsidies, like geographic averaging

279

SUMBMISSION TO TPAMI: OOI EXTRACTION BY LOCAL-GLOBAL ENERGY MINIMIZATION 1 Iterative local-global energy minimization for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUMBMISSION TO TPAMI: OOI EXTRACTION BY LOCAL-GLOBAL ENERGY MINIMIZATION 1 Iterative local-global energy minimization for automatic extraction of object of interest Gang Hua, Member, IEEE, Zicheng Liu are with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwest- ern University, 2145 Sheridan Road

Wu, Ying

280

On the power of non-local boxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-local box is a virtual device that has the following property: given that Alice inputs a bit at her end of the device and that Bob does likewise, it produces two bits, one at Alice's end and one at Bob's end, such that the XOR of the outputs is equal to the AND of the inputs. This box, inspired from the CHSH inequality, was first proposed by Popescu and Rohrlich to examine the question: given that a maximally entangled pair of qubits is non-local, why is it not maximally non-local? We believe that understanding the power of this box will yield insight into the non-locality of quantum mechanics. It was shown recently by Cerf, Gisin, Massar and Popescu, that this imaginary device is able to simulate correlations from any measurement on a singlet state. Here, we show that the non-local box can in fact do much more: through the simulation of the magic square pseudo-telepathy game and the Mermin-GHZ pseudo-telepathy game, we show that the non-local box can simulate quantum correlations that no entangled pair of qubits can in a bipartite scenario and even in a multi-party scenario. Finally we show that a single non-local box cannot simulate all quantum correlations and propose a generalization for a multi-party non-local box. In particular, we show quantum correlations whose simulation requires an exponential amount of non-local boxes, in the number of maximally entangled qubit pairs.

A. Broadbent; A. A. Methot

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Anderson localization in optical lattices with speckle disorder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the localization properties of noninteracting waves propagating in a speckle-like potential superposed on a one-dimensional lattice. Using a combined decimation-renormalization procedure, we estimate the localization length for a tight-binding Hamiltonian where site energies are square-sinc-correlated random variables. By decreasing the width of the correlation function, the disorder patterns approach a {delta}-correlated disorder, and the localization length becomes almost energy independent in the strong disorder limit. We show that this regime can be reached for a size of the speckle grains on the order of (lower than) four lattice steps.

Sucu, Serpil; Aktas, Saban; Okan, S. Erol [Department of Physics, Trakya University, 22030 Edirne (Turkey); Akdeniz, Zehra [Piri Reis University, 34940 Tuzla-Istanbul (Turkey); Vignolo, Patrizia [Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Institut non Lineaire de Nice, CNRS, 1361 route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.

Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

The localization of instrumental learning within the spinal cord  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spinal neurons of surgically transected rats can support a simple form of instrumental learning. Rats learn to maintain leg flexion as a response to shock. The present experiments localized the region of the spinal cord that mediates this learning...

Liu, Grace Alexandra Tsu-Chi

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

284

Response of Soviet VVER-440 accident localization systems to overpressurization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Soviet designed VVER-440 model V230 and VVER-440 model V213 reactors do not use full containments to mitigate the effects of accidents. Instead, these VVER-440 units employ a sealed set of interconnected compartments, collectively called the accident localization system (ALS), to reduce the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere during accidents. Descriptions of the VVER accident localization structures may be found in the report DOE NE-0084. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the structural integrity of the VVER-440 ALS at the Soviet design pressure, and to determine their response to pressure loadings beyond the design value. Complex, three-dimensional, nonlinear, finite element models were developed to represent the major structural components of the localization systems of the VVER-440 models V230 and V213. The interior boundary of the localization system was incrementally pressurized in the calculations until the prediction of gross failure. 6 refs., 9 figs.

Kulak, R.F.; Fiala, C.; Sienicki, J.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Local aspects of disentanglement induced by spontaneous emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider spontaneous emission of two two-level atoms interacting with vacuum fluctuations. We study the process of disentanglement in this system and show the possibility of changing disentanglement time by local operations.

Anna Jamroz

2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

286

Preparing for Hurricane Irene: Follow Local Direction | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Direction August 25, 2011 - 5:24pm Addthis Coastal watcheswarnings and 5-day forecast cone for storm center of Hurricane Irene, updated on Thursday, Aug. 25, 2011 at 5:00...

287

Down to the Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Roadway Vehicle Pollution,” American Journal of Publicfor Vehicle-Related Air Pollution Exposure in Minority andMeter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters B Y D O U G L A S

Houston, Douglas; Wu, Jun; Ong, Paul; Winer, Arthur

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Local Option- Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In March 2008, Virginia enacted legislation that would allow local jurisdictions to assess the property tax of energy efficient buildings at a reduced rate. Under this law, eligible energy...

289

Quantifying Locality in the Memory Access Patterns of HPCApplications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several benchmarks for measuring memory performance of HPC systems along dimensions of spatial and temporal memory locality have recently been proposed. However, little is understood about the relationships of these benchmarks to real applications and to each other. In this paper, we propose a methodology for producing architecture-neutral characterizations of the spatial and temporal locality exhibited by the memory access patterns of applications. We demonstrate that the results track intuitive notions of spatial and temporal locality on several synthetic and application benchmarks. We employ the methodology to analyze the memory performance components of the HPC Challenge Benchmarks, the Apex-MAP benchmark, and their relationships to each other and other benchmarks and applications. We show that this analysis can be used to both increase understanding of the benchmarks and enhance their usefulness by mapping them, along with applications, to a 2-D space along axes of spatial and temporal locality.

Weinberg, Jonathan; Snavely, Allan; McCracken, Michael O.; Strohmaier, Erich

2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

290

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical assistance program presentation. Today we're going to talk about the combined heat and power and district energy possibilities for your local organization. What we're...

291

An uncertainty principle, Wegner estimates and localization near fluctuation boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a simple uncertainty principle and show that it can be applied to prove Wegner estimates near fluctuation boundaries. This gives new classes of models for which localization at low energies can be proven.

Anne Boutet de Monvel; Daniel Lenz; Peter Stollmann

2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

292

Local Option- Property Tax Credit for High Performance Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Similar to Maryland's [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=M... Local Option Property Tax Credit for Renewable Energy], Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code...

293

High Performance Leasing Strategies for State and Local Governments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation for the SEE Action Series: High Performance Leasing Strategies for State and Local Governments webinar, presented on January 26, 2013 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Technical Assistance Program (TAP).

294

Topological Obstructions to Localization Results \\Lambda Radu V. Balan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topological Obstructions to Localization Results \\Lambda Radu V. Balan Siemens Corporate Research: radu.balan@scr.siemens.com #12; The proof shows, as an intermediary result, the Zak transform of g

Balan, Radu V.

295

A Bayesian Approach to Empirical Local Linearization For Robotics   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local linearizations are ubiquitous in the control of robotic systems. Analytical methods, if available, can be used to obtain the linearization, but in complex robotics systems where the dynamics and kinematics are ...

Ting, Jo-Anne; D'Souza, Aaron; Vijayakumar, Sethu; Schaal, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Novel electrochemical method for monitoring and predicting localized corrosion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD research project was conducted to develop new electrochemical methods for studying localized corrosion processes in various environment. An electrochemically integrated multi-electrode array, namely… (more)

Naing Naing Aung.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Experimental bond critical point and local energy density properties...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mn-O, Fe-O and Co-O bonded interactions for Abstract: Bond critical point, bcp, and local energy density properties for the electron density, ED, distributions, calculated with...

298

Feature-based design of solids with local composition control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a parametric and feature-based methodology for the design of solids with local composition control (LCC). A suite of composition design features are conceptualized and implemented. The designer can use ...

Liu, Hongye, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Local computation algorithms for graphs of non-constant degrees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the model of local computation algorithms (LCAs), we aim to compute the queried part of the output by examining only a small (sublinear) portion of the input. Many recently developed LCAs on graph problems achieve time ...

Yodpinyanee, Anak

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Technology, and Society at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Copyright 1997, Kenneth Keniston. DRAFT in Science, Technology, and Society Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139SOFTWARE LOCALIZATION: NOTES ON TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Kenneth Keniston Kenneth Keniston is Andrew

Keniston, Kenneth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Fast Local Search Approach For Multiobjective problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric car-sharing service with a car manufacturer partner. Compared to the Multiobjective Pareto Local - Transporta- tion services - Car-sharing 1 Introduction Many real world problems require to optimize several

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

Spatially localized generation of nucleotide sequence-specific DNA damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially localized generation of nucleotide sequence-specific DNA damage Dennis H. Oh* , Brett A- neously manipulated at the nucleotide level and in three dimen- sions. This approach for targeting

Boxer, Steven G.

303

Local cloning of Bell states and distillable entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The necessary and sufficient amount of entanglement required for cloning of orthogonal Bell states by local operation and classical communication is derived, and using this result, we provide here some additional examples of reversible, as well as irreversible states.

Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

304

3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

305

Impact load mitigation in sandwich beams using local resonators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic response of sandwich beams with resonators embedded in the cores subjected to impact loads is studied. Using finite element models the effectiveness of various local resonator frequencies under a given impact load is compared to the behavior of an equivalent mass beam. It is shown that addition of appropriately chosen local resonators into the sandwich beam is an effective method of improving its flexural bending behavior under impact loads. The effect of a given local resonance frequency under different impact load durations is also studied. It is demonstrated that the choice of appropriate local resonance frequency depends on the impact duration. Further, by performing transverse impact experiments, the finite element models are verified and the advantage of using internal resonators under impact loading conditions is demonstrated.

Sharma, B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Geothermal policy development program: expediting the local geothermal permitting process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For a number of years, concerns have been raised about the length of time and the complexity involved in obtaining required permits in order to develop the geothermal resource at the Geysers. Perhaps the most important factor is jurisdiction. At the Geysers, all three levels of government - local, state, and federal - exercise significant authority over various aspects of geothermal development. In addition, several agencies within each governmental level play an active role in the permitting process. The present study is concerned primarily with the local permitting process, and the ways in which this process could be expedited. This report begins by looking at the local role in the overall permitting process, and then reviews the findings and conclusions that have been reached in other studies of the problem. This is followed by a case study evaluation of recent permitting experience in the four Geysers-Calistoga KGRA counties, and the report concludes by outlining several approaches to expediting the local permitting process.

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

adiabatic shear localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Adiabatic optimization without local minima Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: Several previous works have...

308

adiabatic localized shift: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Adiabatic optimization without local minima Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: Several previous works have...

309

ADJOINTS OF IDEALS IN REGULAR LOCAL RINGS Joseph ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that if I is generated by l elements then In+l?1 ? In (n > 0), where “ ” stands for ..... localization S := R[t]mR[t], and I := IS, we reduce to the case where R/m.

1910-30-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of th...

Santra, Biswajit; Martelli, Fausto; Car, Roberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Using Local Information for Compositing CG Into Traditional Art  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe a procedure for compositing digital graphics into traditional artwork based on local characteristics of the art. This is based on understanding that variations in pictorial characteristics such as perspective, lighting and color, or style...

Kiker, Jonathan

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

312

Out of control? : local democracy failure and fiscal control boards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nation's current recession has strained the finances of local governments such that many cities with already delicate budgets have plunged into fiscal crisis. This dissertation examines three causes of fiscal crisis - ...

Kobes, Deborah Isadora

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The design and synthesis of nuclear localization signal (NLS) mimics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear import of proteins is a carefully controlled process that is critical for cellular function and regulation. A protein is marked for nuclear entry by a nuclear localization signal (NLS), a peptide motif, which typically consists of one or two...

Ho, Thai Huu

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

314

A BIFURCATION RESULT FOR NON-LOCAL FRACTIONAL EQUATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, minimal surfaces, materials science and water waves. This is one of the reason why, recently, non studied non-local fractional Laplacian equations with superlinear and subcritical or critical

315

Development of a robot localization and environment mapping system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intent of this research is to develop a robust, efficient, self-contained localization module for use in a robotic liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) tank inspection system. Inspecting large LPG tanks for defects is difficult, ...

Panas, Cynthia Dawn Walker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Collaborative multi-vehicle localization and mapping in marine environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explains an application scenario of collaborative multi-vehicle simultaneous localization and mapping algorithm (CSLAM) in a marine environment using autonomous surface crafts (ASCs) in order to validate its ...

Dong, J. F.

317

The localization of mTORC1 signaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cells sense and respond to their environment by maintaining appropriate activity levels and localizations of key signaling proteins. In eukaryotic cells, cell size is increasingly appreciated as being coordinated by the ...

Peterson, Timothy Richard, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Sound localization and interaural time sensitivity with bilateral cochlear implants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bilateral cochlear implantation is becoming more common as clinicians attempt to provide better sound-source localization and speech reception in noise for cochlear implant (CI) users. While some improvement over the ...

Poon, Becky Bikkei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Local Economic Impact Wanganui Blooming Artz Festival  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and provide a tool which can be refined for future use. A good response rate to the survey was received from spending in the local economy, while a fur

320

Persistent Nodes for Reliable Memory in Geographically Local Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Persistent Node is a redundant distributed mechanism for storing a key/value pair reliably in a geographically local network. In this paper, I develop a method of establishing Persistent Nodes in an amorphous matrix. I ...

Beal, Jacob

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Environmental and Community Awareness: A Local Foods Profile   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption in a global industrial economy has been linked to both environmental damage and community erosion. The local food movement has been shown to provide a catalyst to community building as well as increased agricultural sustainability. Given...

Hummer, Sara

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

322

Optical manipulation of intrinsic localized vibrational energy in cantilever arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically-induced real-time impurity modes are used to shepherd intrinsic localized vibrational modes (discrete breathers) along micromechanical arrays via either attractive or replulsive interactions. Adding an electrode to the cantilever array provides control of the sign of lattice anharmonicity, hence allowing both hard and soft nonlinearities to be studied. A number of dynamical effects are demonstrated and explained, including the optical tweezing of localized vibrational energy in a nonlinear lattice.

M. Sato; B. E. Hubbard; A. J. Sievers; B. Ilic; H. G. Craighead

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

323

REPRSENTATIONS LOCALEMENT ANALYTIQUES DE GL3(Qp) Benjamin Schraen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPR�SENTATIONS LOCALEMENT ANALYTIQUES DE GL3(Qp) par Benjamin Schraen Résumé. -- Nous construisons un complexe de représentations localement analytiques de GL3(Qp), associé à certaines représentations catégorie dérivée des D(GL3(Qp))-modules, de ce complexe dans le complexe de de Rham de l'espace de Drinfel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

324

Non-local gravitational effective action and particle production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effective action for gravity obtained after the integration of scalar matter fields, using the local momentum representation based on the Riemann normal coordinates expansion. By considering this expansion around different space-time points, we also compute the non-local terms together with the more usual divergent ones. We discuss the applicability of our results to the calculation of particle production rates in cosmological backgrounds and compare this method with the traditional Bogolyubov transformations.

A. Dobado; A. L. Maroto

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Methodology for extracting local constants from petroleum cracking flows  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A methodology provides for the extraction of local chemical kinetic model constants for use in a reacting flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computer code with chemical kinetic computations to optimize the operating conditions or design of the system, including retrofit design improvements to existing systems. The coupled CFD and kinetic computer code are used in combination with data obtained from a matrix of experimental tests to extract the kinetic constants. Local fluid dynamic effects are implicitly included in the extracted local kinetic constants for each particular application system to which the methodology is applied. The extracted local kinetic model constants work well over a fairly broad range of operating conditions for specific and complex reaction sets in specific and complex reactor systems. While disclosed in terms of use in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) riser, the inventive methodology has application in virtually any reaction set to extract constants for any particular application and reaction set formulation. The methodology includes the step of: (1) selecting the test data sets for various conditions; (2) establishing the general trend of the parametric effect on the measured product yields; (3) calculating product yields for the selected test conditions using coupled computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics; (4) adjusting the local kinetic constants to match calculated product yields with experimental data; and (5) validating the determined set of local kinetic constants by comparing the calculated results with experimental data from additional test runs at different operating conditions.

Chang, Shen-Lin (Woodridge, IL); Lottes, Steven A. (Naperville, IL); Zhou, Chenn Q. (Munster, IN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Local Dynamic Reactive Power for Correction of System Voltage Problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distribution systems are experiencing outages due to a phenomenon known as local voltage collapse. Local voltage collapse is occurring in part because modern air conditioner compressor motors are much more susceptible to stalling during a voltage dip than older motors. These motors can stall in less than 3 cycles (.05s) when a fault, such as on the sub-transmission system, causes voltage to sag to 70 to 60%. The reasons for this susceptibility are discussed in the report. During the local voltage collapse, voltages are depressed for a period of perhaps one or two minutes. There is a concern that these local events are interacting together over larger areas and may present a challenge to system reliability. An effective method of preventing local voltage collapse is the use of voltage regulation from Distributed Energy Resources (DER) that can supply or absorb reactive power. DER, when properly controlled, can provide a rapid correction to voltage dips and prevent motor stall. This report discusses the phenomenon and causes of local voltage collapse as well as the control methodology we have developed to counter voltage sag. The problem is growing because of the use of low inertia, high efficiency air conditioner (A/C) compressor motors and because the use of electric A/C is growing in use and becoming a larger percentage of system load. A method for local dynamic voltage regulation is discussed which uses reactive power injection or absorption from local DER. This method is independent, rapid, and will not interfere with conventional utility system voltage control. The results of simulations of this method are provided. The method has also been tested at the ORNL s Distributed Energy Communications and Control (DECC) Laboratory using our research inverter and synchronous condenser. These systems at the DECC Lab are interconnected to an actual distribution system, the ORNL distribution system, which is fed from TVA s 161kV sub-transmission backbone. The test results are also provided and discussed. The simulations and testing show that local voltage control from DER can prevent local voltage collapse. The results also show that the control can be provided so quickly, within 0.5 seconds, that is does not interfere with conventional utility methods.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Adhikari, Sarina [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Metagalactic Ionizing Field in the Local Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the sources which are likely to dominate the ionizing field throughout the Local Group. In terms of the limiting flux to produce detectable H-alpha emission (4-10 x 10**3 phot/cm**2/s), the four dominant galaxies (M31, Galaxy, M33, LMC) have spheres of influence which occupy a small fraction (<10%) of the Local Volume. There are at least two possible sources of ionization whose influence could be far more pervasive: (i) a cosmic background of ionizing photons; (ii) a pervasive warm plasma throughout the Local Group. The COBE FIRAS sky temperature measurements permit a wide variety of plasmas with detectable ionizing fields. It has been suggested (Blitz et al. 1996; Spergel et al. 1996; Sembach et al. 1995, 1998) that a substantial fraction of high velocity clouds are external to the Galaxy but within the Local Group. Deep H-alpha detections are the crucial test of these claims and, indeed, provide a test bed for the putative Local Group corona.

J. Bland-Hawthorn

1998-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

328

Local and Global Casimir Energies for a Semitransparent Cylindrical Shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The local Casimir energy density and the global Casimir energy for a massless scalar field associated with a $\\lambda\\delta$-function potential in a 3+1 dimensional circular cylindrical geometry are considered. The global energy is examined for both weak and strong coupling, the latter being the well-studied Dirichlet cylinder case. For weak-coupling,through $\\mathcal{O}(\\lambda^2)$, the total energy is shown to vanish by both analytic and numerical arguments, based both on Green's-function and zeta-function techniques. Divergences occurring in the calculation are shown to be absorbable by renormalization of physical parameters of the model. The global energy may be obtained by integrating the local energy density only when the latter is supplemented by an energy term residing precisely on the surface of the cylinder. The latter is identified as the integrated local energy density of the cylindrical shell when the latter is physically expanded to have finite thickness. Inside and outside the delta-function shell, the local energy density diverges as the surface of the shell is approached; the divergence is weakest when the conformal stress tensor is used to define the energy density. A real global divergence first occurs in $\\mathcal{O}(\\lambda^3)$, as anticipated, but the proof is supplied here for the first time; this divergence is entirely associated with the surface energy, and does {\\em not} reflect divergences in the local energy density as the surface is approached.

Ines Cavero-Pelaez; Kimball A. Milton; Klaus Kirsten

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

329

Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of the experimentally observed low- (LDA) and high-density (HDA) amorphous phases of ice are present in the IPES of ambient liquid water. Analysis of the LSI autocorrelation function uncovered a persistence time of $\\sim$ 4 ps---a finding consistent with the fact that natural thermal fluctuations are responsible for transitions between these distinct yet transient local aqueous environments in ambient liquid water.

Biswajit Santra; Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Fausto Martelli; Roberto Car

2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

330

A new construction for a QMA complete 3-local Hamiltonian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new way of encoding a quantum computation into a 3-local Hamiltonian. Our construction is novel in that it does not include any terms that induce legal-illegal clock transitions. Therefore, the weights of the terms in the Hamiltonian do not scale with the size of the problem as in previous constructions. This improves the construction by Kempe and Regev, who were the first to prove that 3-local Hamiltonian is complete for the complexity class QMA, the quantum analogue of NP. Quantum k-SAT, a restricted version of the local Hamiltonian problem using only projector terms, was introduced by Bravyi as an analogue of the classical k-SAT problem. Bravyi proved that quantum 4-SAT is complete for the class QMA with one-sided error (QMA_1) and that quantum 2-SAT is in P. We give an encoding of a quantum circuit into a quantum 4-SAT Hamiltonian using only 3-local terms. As an intermediate step to this 3-local construction, we show that quantum 3-SAT for particles with dimensions 3x2x2 (a qutrit and two qubits) is QMA_1 complete. The complexity of quantum 3-SAT with qubits remains an open question.

Daniel Nagaj; Shay Mozes

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

331

Site locality identification study: Hanford Site. Volume II. Data cataloging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data compilation and cataloging for the candidate site locality identification study were conducted in order to provide a retrievable data cataloging system for the present siting study and future site evaluation and licensng processes. This task occurred concurrently with and also independently of other tasks of the candidate site locality identification study. Work in this task provided the data utilized primarily in the development and application of screening and ranking processes to identify candidate site localities on the Hanford Site. The overall approach included two steps: (1) data acquisition and screening; and (2) data compilation and cataloging. Data acquisition and screening formed the basis for preliminary review of data sources with respect to their probable utilization in the candidate site locality identification study and review with respect to the level of completeness and detail of the data. The important working assumption was that the data to be used in the study be based on existing and available published and unpublished literature. The data compilation and cataloging provided the basic product of the Task; a retrievable data cataloging system in the form of an annotated reference list and key word index and an index of compiled data. The annotated reference list and key word index are cross referenced and can be used to trace and retrieve the data sources utilized in the candidate site locality identification study.

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Dynamical mechanism for non-locality in dense granular flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamical mechanism at the origin of the non-local rheology of dense granular flows is investigated trough discrete element simulations. We show that the influence of a shear band on the mechanical behavior of a distant zone is contained in the spatial variations observed in the network of granular contacts. Using a micro-rheology technique, we establish that the exponential responses hence obtained, do not proof the validity of a mechanical activation process as previously suggested, but stem from the spatial relaxation of the shear rate as a direct consequence of a macroscopic non-local constitutive relation. Finally, by direct visualization of the local relaxation processes, we dismiss the kinetic elasto-plastic picture, where a flow is conceived as a quasi-static sequence of localized plastic events interacting through the stress field. We therefore conclude in favor of the jamming scenario, where geometrical constrains lead to coherent non-affine displacements along floppy modes, inherently non-local.

M. Bouzid; M. Trulsson; P. Claudin; E. Clement; B. Andreotti

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

333

Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie (Netherlands) and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie provision. There are a number of local renewable energy initiatives that emerged from all over Europe typically face. Keywords: sustainability transitions, strategic niche management, local renewable energy

Vellekoop, Michel

334

Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Melike Erol-Based Systems]: Underwater acoustic sensor networks - localization General Terms: Performance Keywords: Underwater sensor networks, localization, positioning, mobile beacon 1. INTRODUCTION Pollution monitoring

Zhou, Shengli

335

Strain localization and cyclic damage of polyurethane foam cylinders: experimental tests and theoretical model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strain localization and cyclic damage of polyurethane foam cylinders: experimental tests subject to progressive damage. The chain of springs models the strain localization, and the second series qualitative agreement with the experiments. Keywords: polyurethane foams; strain localization; cyclic damage

Boyer, Edmond

336

Localization of gravitational wave sources with networks of advanced detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coincident observations with gravitational wave (GW) detectors and other astronomical instruments are among the main objectives of the experiments with the network of LIGO, Virgo, and GEO detectors. They will become a necessary part of the future GW astronomy as the next generation of advanced detectors comes online. The success of such joint observations directly depends on the source localization capabilities of the GW detectors. In this paper we present studies of the sky localization of transient GW sources with the future advanced detector networks and describe their fundamental properties. By reconstructing sky coordinates of ad hoc signals injected into simulated detector noise, we study the accuracy of the source localization and its dependence on the strength of injected signals, waveforms, and network configurations.

Klimenko, S.; Mitselmakher, G.; Pankow, C. [University of Florida, P.O. Box 118440, Gainesville, Florida, 32611 (United States); Vedovato, G. [INFN, Sezione di Padova, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Drago, M.; Prodi, G. [University of Trento, Physics Department and INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Trento, via Sommarive 14, 38123 Povo, Trento (Italy); Mazzolo, G.; Salemi, F. [Max Planck Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Callinstrasse 38, 30167 Hannover and Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, Hannover (Germany); Re, V. [INFN, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Yakushin, I. [LIGO Livingston Observatory, Louisiana (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Generalized Darboux transformation and localized waves in coupled Hirota equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we construct a generalized Darboux transformation to the coupled Hirota equations with high-order nonlinear effects like the third dispersion, self-steepening and inelastic Raman scattering terms. As application, an Nth-order localized wave solution on the plane backgrounds with the same spectral parameter is derived through the direct iterative rule. In particular, some semi-rational, multi-parametric localized wave solutions are obtained: (1) Vector generalization of the first- and the second-order rogue wave solution; (2) Interactional solutions between a dark-bright soliton and a rogue wave, two dark-bright solitons and a second-order rogue wave; (3) Interactional solutions between a breather and a rogue wave, two breathers and a second-order rogue wave. The results further reveal the striking dynamic structures of localized waves in complex coupled systems.

Xin Wang; Yuqi Li; Yong Chen

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

338

Local non-Gaussianity from rapidly varying sound speeds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of non-trivial sound speeds on local-type non-Gaussianity during multiple-field inflation. To this end, we consider a multiple-DBI model and use the ?N formalism to track the super-horizon evolution of perturbations. By adopting a sum separable Hubble parameter we derive analytic expressions for the relevant quantities in the two-field case, valid beyond slow variation. We find that non-trivial sound speeds can, in principle, curve the trajectory in such a way that significant local-type non-Gaussianity is produced. Deviations from slow variation, such as rapidly varying sound speeds, enhance this effect. To illustrate our results we consider two-field inflation in the tip regions of two warped throats and find large local-type non-Gaussianity produced towards the end of the inflationary process.

Emery, Jon; Tasinato, Gianmassimo; Wands, David, E-mail: jon.emery@port.ac.uk, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: david.wands@port.ac.uk [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Localization and diffusion in polymer quantum field theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer quantization is a non-standard approach to quantizing a classical system inspired by background independent approaches to quantum gravity such as loop quantum gravity. When applied to field theory it introduces a characteristic polymer scale at the level of the fields classical configuration space. Compared with models with space-time discreteness or non-commutativity this is an alternative way in which a characteristic scale can be introduced in a field theoretic context. Motivated by this comparison we study here localization and diffusion properties associated with polymer field observables and dispersion relation in order to shed some light on the novel physical features introduced by polymer quantization. While localization processes seems to be only mildly affected by polymer effects, we find that polymer diffusion differs significantly from the "dimensional reduction" picture emerging in other Planck-scale models beyond local quantum field theory.

Michele Arzano; Marco Letizia

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

Catalog of Nearby Galaxies and the Local Cosmic Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compiled an all-sky catalog of 451 nearby galaxies, each having an individual distance estimate $D \\la 10$ Mpc or the radial velocity $V_{LG} -17.0$, which contribute about 4% to the local luminosity density, and $\\sim(10-16)$% to the local HI mass density. We found that the mean local barion density $\\Omega_b(<8$ Mpc) = 2.3% consists of only a half of the global barion density, $\\Omega_b=(4.7\\pm0.6)$% (Spergel et al. 2003). The mean-square pairwise difference of radial velocities is about 100 km s$^{-1}$ for spatial separations within 1 Mpc, increasing to $\\sim 300$ km s$^{-1}$ on a scale of $\\sim 3$ Mpc.

Igor D. Karachentsev; Valentina E. Karachentseva; Walter K. Huchtmeier; Dmitry I. Makarov

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Magnetism and local structure in low-dimensional Mott insulating GdTiO_{3}  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEFG02-02ER45994). The magnetism studies were supported by a2010). RAPID COMMUNICATIONS MAGNETISM AND LOCAL STRUCTURE INRAPID COMMUNICATIONS MAGNETISM AND LOCAL STRUCTURE IN

Zhang, Jack Y.; Jackson, Clayton A.; Raghavan, Santosh; Hwang, Jinwoo; Stemmer, Susanne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments, 2nd Edition (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet outlines the content of the second edition of the DOE publication Solar Powering Your Local Community: A Guide for Local Governments.

Ruckman, K.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Stochastic mapping for chemical plume source localization with application to autonomous hydrothermal vent discovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a stochastic mapping framework for autonomous robotic chemical plume source localization in environments with multiple sources. Potential applications for robotic chemical plume source localization ...

Jakuba, Michael Vavrousek, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Obama Administration Announces $3.2 Billion in Funding for Local...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

3.2 Billion in Funding for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements Obama Administration Announces 3.2 Billion in Funding for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements March 26, 2009 -...

345

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as buffer for local renewables? Michael Stadler, Gonçaloas buffer for local renewables? *) Michael Stadler Gonçaloowners to integrate renewables and electric vehicles?

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

U-044: HP Operations Agent and Performance Agent Lets Local Users...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: HP Operations Agent and Performance Agent Lets Local Users Access a Restricted Directory U-044: HP Operations Agent and Performance Agent Lets Local Users Access a Restricted...

347

State and Local Energy Planners: New Tool Helps Shape Your Sustainabil...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State and Local Energy Planners: New Tool Helps Shape Your Sustainability Strategy State and Local Energy Planners: New Tool Helps Shape Your Sustainability Strategy August 26,...

348

U-178: VMware vMA Library Loading Error Lets Local Users Gain...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buffer Overflow and Null Pointer Dereference Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated Privileges...

349

Local void and slip model used in BODYFIT-2PE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A local void and slip model has been proposed for a two-phase flow without the need of fitting any empirical parameters. This model is based on the assumption that all bubbles have reached their terminal rise velocities in the two-phase region. This simple model seems to provide reasonable calculational results when compared with the experimental data and other void and slip models. It provides a means to account for the void and slip of a two-phase flow on a local basis. This is particularly suitable for a fine mesh thermal-hydraulic computer program such as BODYFIT-2PE.

Chen, B.C.J.; Chien, T.H.; Kim, J.H.; Lellouche, G.S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Power Purchase Agreement Checklist for State and Local Governments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides information and guidance on the solar photovoltaic (PV) power purchase agreement (PPA), which is a financing mechanism that state and local government entities can use to acquire clean, renewable energy. It addressed the financial, logistical, and legal questions relevant to implementing a PPA, but we do not examine the technical details?those can be discussed later with the developer/contractor. This fact sheet is written to support decision makers in U.S. state and local governments who are aware of solar PPAs and may have a cursory knowledge of their structure but they still require further information before committing to a particular project.

Cory, K.; Canavan, B.; Koenig, R.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

From local to global ground states in Ising spin glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider whether it is possible to find ground states of frustrated spin systems by solving them locally. Using spin glass physics and Imry-Ma arguments in addition to numerical benchmarks we quantify the power of such local solution methods and show that for the average low-dimensional spin glass problem outside the spin- glass phase the exact ground state can be found in polynomial time. In the second part we present a heuristic, general-purpose hierarchical approach which for spin glasses on chimera graphs and lattices in two and three dimensions outperforms, to our knowledge, any other solver currently around, with significantly better scaling performance than simulated annealing.

Ilia Zintchenko; Matthew B. Hastings; Matthias Troyer

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

352

Local and nonlocal parallel heat transport in general magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel approach for the study of parallel transport in magnetized plasmas is presented. The method avoids numerical pollution issues of grid-based formulations and applies to integrable and chaotic magnetic fields with local or nonlocal parallel closures. In weakly chaotic fields, the method gives the fractal structure of the devil's staircase radial temperature profile. In fully chaotic fields, the temperature exhibits self-similar spatiotemporal evolution with a stretched-exponential scaling function for local closures and an algebraically decaying one for nonlocal closures. It is shown that, for both closures, the effective radial heat transport is incompatible with the quasilinear diffusion model.

Del-Castillo-Negrete, Diego B [ORNL; Chacon, Luis [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Local and Nonlocal Parallel Heat Transport in General Magnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel approach for the study of parallel transport in magnetized plasmas is presented. The method avoids numerical pollution issues of grid-based formulations and applies to integrable and chaotic magnetic fields with local or nonlocal parallel closures. In weakly chaotic fields, the method gives the fractal structure of the devil's staircase radial temperature profile. In fully chaotic fields, the temperature exhibits self-similar spatiotemporal evolution with a stretched-exponential scaling function for local closures and an algebraically decaying one for nonlocal closures. It is shown that, for both closures, the effective radial heat transport is incompatible with the quasilinear diffusion model.

Castillo-Negrete, D. del; Chacon, L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8071 (United States)

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Penrose inequality for asymptotically locally hyperbolic graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the inverse mean curvature flow to prove a sharp Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality for a class of hypersurfaces in certain locally hyperbolic manifolds. As an application we derive an optimal Penrose inequality for asymptotically locally hyperbolic graphs in any dimension $n\\geq 3$. When the horizon has the topology of a compact surface of genus at least one, this provides an affirmative answer, for this class of initial data sets, to a question posed by Gibbons, Chru\\'sciel and Simon on the validity of a Penrose-type inequality for black hole solutions carrying a higher genus horizon.

Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Girão

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Energy Audits of Local Government Buildings (Louisiana DNR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to their buildings in the form of a written audit report resulting from an on-site survey of each building. The reports are provided at no cost to the local government. Because funds available to local governments for implementation of energy conservation... number of clients with detailed audit reports requiring a large number of professional and clerical man-hours per report, and serving a large number of clients with less detailed reports that require fewer man-hours for site visits, analysis...

Bruce, A. C.; Lowther, J. D.; Tarver, E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

INTERPLANETARY NETWORK LOCALIZATIONS OF KONUS SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified as short bursts with extended emission). During this period, the Interplanetary Network (IPN) consisted of up to 11 spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 271 bursts were obtained. We present the most comprehensive IPN localization data on these events. The short burst detection rate, {approx}18 yr{sup -1}, exceeds that of many individual experiments.

Pal'shin, V. D.; Svinkin, D. S.; Aptekar, R. L.; Golenetskii, S. V.; Frederiks, D. D.; Mazets, E. P.; Oleynik, P. P.; Ulanov, M. V. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Cline, T.; Trombka, J.; McClanahan, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D. V.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B. [Space Research Institute, 84/32, Profsoyuznaya, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Boynton, W.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K., E-mail: val@mail.ioffe.ru [Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); and others

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Local businesses win 20/20 Campaign awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-FractalLocal businesses

358

Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations andLocal firms benefit from

359

Localizing Organomercury Uptake and Accumulation in Zebrafish Larvae at the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations andLocal firms benefit fromTissue

360

Excitations of liquid 4 He in disorder and boson localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be reduced below the condensate fraction. Model calcula- tions of BEC and superfluidity in a dilute Bose gas sample in order to control filling. The superfluid density of 4 He in the sample was measured using temperature in Vycor suggesting the exis- tence of localized Bose-Einstein condensation BEC in the normal

Glyde, Henry R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Design of a Extended Kalman Filter for UAV Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of a Extended Kalman Filter for UAV Localization Guoqiang Mao§, Sam Drake and Brian D. O Limited, Canberra, Australia Abstract Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are increasingly used in military and scientific research. Some miniaturized UAVs rely entirely on the global positioning system (GPS

Mao, Guoqiang

362

Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 6 Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A Driver for Petascale Computing Ming winds, lightning, hurricanes and winter storms, cause hundreds of deaths and average annual economic of mitigating the impacts of such events on the economy and society is obvious, our ability to do so

Xue, Ming

363

From Local to Global Coordination: Lessons from Software Reuse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Local to Global Coordination: Lessons from Software Reuse Rebecca E. Grinter Xerox PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA grinter@parc.xerox.com http://www.parc by making it possible to share code. However, software reuse in practice has proved much harder. This paper

Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

364

Quantum Turing Machines: Local Transition, Preparation, Measurement, and Halting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundations of the theory of quantum Turing machines are investigated. The protocol for the preparation and the measurement of quantum Turing machines is discussed. The local transition functions are characterized for fully general quantum Turing machines. A new halting protocol is proposed without augmenting the halting qubit and is shown to work without spoiling the computation.

Masanao Ozawa

1998-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

365

Observations of remote and local forcing in Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high quality set of 321 days of sea level and wind records and of 126 days of current records, from winter to spring, has been used to examine the relative importance of remote and local forcing on the subtidal response in Galveston Bay, Texas...

Guannel, Gregory

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 http://www.managenergy.net/conference/ren0702/gierulski.pdf #12;Biomass DHP of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n Technical assistance (,,Feasibility

367

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 #12;Biomass DHP/ CHP in Poland n Plan of the presentation n Promotion and dissemination of best practices (,,Promotion of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n

368

EFFECT OF A LOCALLY REPULSIVE INTERACTION ON SWAVE SUPERCONDUCTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF A LOCALLY REPULSIVE INTERACTION ON S­WAVE SUPERCONDUCTORS J.-B. Bru1 and W. de Siqueira­wave superconductors is an- alyzed via a rigorous study of equilibrium and ground states of the strong coupling BCS proof of a superconductor­Mott insulator phase transition implies a rigorous explanation

369

Demo Abstract: MARVEL: Multiple Antenna based Relative Vehicle Localizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to install especially on existing vehicles and exhibit a tradeoff between accuracy and cost. Similarly, usingDemo Abstract: MARVEL: Multiple Antenna based Relative Vehicle Localizer Dong Li , Tarun Bansal , Zhixue Lu and Prasun Sinha Department of Computer Science and Engineering The Ohio State University

Sinha, Prasun

370

Localized Minimum-Energy Broadcasting for Wireless Multihop Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tree. We then observe that, for very dense networks, it is more energy-efficient to reach more than oneLocalized Minimum-Energy Broadcasting for Wireless Multihop Networks with Directional Antennas, and Carmen M. Yago Abstract--There are a number of proposals to achieve energy-efficient broadcasting

Stojmenovic, Ivan

371

Localization and partial immunological characterization of Fasciola hepatica Thioredoxin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

epithelium and sperm, of the adult parasite as well as in the tegument and gut of the redia and cercaria intermediate stages. In situ hybridization was used to determine the localization and possible differential mRNA expression of two different F. hepatica...

McKown, Richard Dwayne

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

372

Low resolution conductivity estimation to improve source localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

source analysis in the brain is sensitive to the conductivities of head tissues, which vary across of 10-8 ) [4]. Fig. 1. Realistic four compartment (scalp, skull, CSF, brain) finite element head model Neuroscience, University of California San Diego, USA Abstract. Bioelectric source localization in the brain

Utah, University of

373

OVERWEIGHT DEFORMATIONS OF AFFINE TORIC VARIETIES AND LOCAL UNIFORMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uniformization for Abhyankar valuations of algebraic function fields and also uses toroidal methods and phrases. Toric geometry, Valuations, Key polynomials. 1 hal-00933721,version2-31Mar2014 #12;2 Abstract. A valuation of a local domain (R, m) is the datum of a valuation ring (R , m ) of the fraction field K of R

374

Project Information Form Project Title Modeling for Local Impact Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Information Form Project Title Modeling for Local Impact Analysis University University Research and Educational Foundation- $48,683.00 Total Project Cost $48,683.00 Agency ID or Contract Number Project We will develop a traffic simulation model for the Los Angeles region that will allow us

California at Davis, University of

375

Better Non-Local Games from Hidden Matching Harry Buhrman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Better Non-Local Games from Hidden Matching Harry Buhrman Giannicola Scarpa Ronald de Wolf July 15 variable R, sometimes called the "hidden variable". Its distribution is independent of the inputs and its value r is seen by both Alice and Bob, who can use this to coordinate their behaviour. A classical

de Wolf, Ronald

376

Theory of weak localization in ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study quantum interference corrections to the conductivity in (Ga,Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductors using a model with disordered valence-band holes coupled to localized Mn moments through a p-d kinetic-exchange interaction. We find that at Mn...

Garate, Ion; Sinova, Jairo; Jungwirth, T.; MacDonald, A. H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The UTIAS multi-robot cooperative localization and mapping dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UTIAS multi-robot cooperative localization and mapping dataset The International Journal and mapping dataset collection for research and educational purposes. The dataset consists of nine sub-datasets in each sub-dataset is also provided. The dataset is available for download at http://asrl.utias.utoronto.ca/datasets

378

Parameter Estimation from an Optimal Projection in a Local Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parameter fit from a model grid is limited by our capability to reduce the number of models, taking into account the number of parameters and the non linear variation of the models with the parameters. The Local MultiLinear Regression (LMLR) algorithms allow one to fit linearly the data in a local environment. The MATISSE algorithm, developed in the context of the estimation of stellar parameters from the Gaia RVS spectra, is connected to this class of estimators. A two-steps procedure was introduced. A raw parameter estimation is first done in order to localize the parameter environment. The parameters are then estimated by projection on specific vectors computed for an optimal estimation. The MATISSE method is compared to the estimation using the objective analysis. In this framework, the kernel choice plays an important role. The environment needed for the parameter estimation can result from it. The determination of a first parameter set can be also avoided for this analysis. These procedures based on a local projection can be fruitfully applied to non linear parameter estimation if the number of data sets to be fitted is greater than the number of models.

A. Bijaoui; A. Recio-Blanco; P. de Laverny

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

379

Test Case Purification for Improving Fault Localization Jifeng Xuan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Case Purification for Improving Fault Localization Jifeng Xuan INRIA Lille - Nord Europe Lille on the execution trace of test cases. Failing test cases and their assertions form test oracles for the failing behavior of the system under analysis. In this paper, we propose a novel concept of spectrum driven test

380

Transition in Localized Pipe Flow Turbulence Fernando Mellibovsky,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transition in Localized Pipe Flow Turbulence Fernando Mellibovsky,1 Alvaro Meseguer,1 Tobias M (Received 24 March 2009; published 31 July 2009) Direct numerical simulation of transitional pipe flow, during the second stage, spreads out to fill the pipe. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.054502 PACS numbers

Meseguer, Alvaro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Local Casimir Energies for a Thin Spherical Shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The local Casimir energy density for a massless scalar field associated with step-function potentials in a 3+1 dimensional spherical geometry is considered. The potential is chosen to be zero except in a shell of thickness $\\delta$, where it has height $h$, with the constraint $h\\delta=1$. In the limit of zero thickness, an ideal $\\delta$-function shell is recovered. The behavior of the energy density as the surface of the shell is approached is studied in both the strong and weak coupling regimes. The former case corresponds to the well-known Dirichlet shell limit. New results, which shed light on the nature of surface divergences and on the energy contained within the shell, are obtained in the weak coupling limit, and for a shell of finite thickness. In the case of zero thickness, the energy has a contribution not only from the local energy density, but from an energy term residing entirely on the surface. It is shown that the latter coincides with the integrated local energy density within the shell. We also study the dependence of local and global quantities on the conformal parameter. In particular new insight is provided on the reason for the divergence in the global Casimir energy in third order in the coupling.

Ines Cavero-Pelaez; Kimball A. Milton; Jeffrey Wagner

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods Lawrence Klos, Golden G. Richard Abstract - In this paper an enhanced reliability protocol added to the ODMRP multicast ad hoc protocol by operational phase. Index Terms ­ Mobile Networking, Ad Hoc Wireless, Multicast, Reliable, ODMRP. I

Richard III, Golden G.

383

Dynamics of Anderson localization in open 3D media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a self-consistent theoretical approach to the dynamics of Anderson localization in open three-dimensional (3D) disordered media. The approach allows us to study time-dependent transmission and reflection, and the distribution of decay rates of quasi-modes of 3D disordered slabs near the Anderson mobility edge.

S. E. Skipetrov; B. A. van Tiggelen

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

384

Determination of the Acceptable Room Temperature Range for Local Cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of the acceptable room temperature range is a key problem in satisfactory design of local cooling for energy savings. At the room temperatures ranging from neutral to warm, three sensitive body parts-the face, chest and back-were each...

Zhang, Y.; Zhao, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Local structure and dynamics in colloidal fluids and gels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gels in soft-matter systems are an important nonergodic state of matter. We study a colloid-polymer mixture which is quenched by increasing the polymer concentration, from a fluid to a gel. Using confocal microscopy, we study both the static structure and dynamics in three dimensions (3D). Between the dynamically arrested gel and ergodic fluid comprised of isolated particles we find an intermediate 'cluster fluid' state, where the 'bonds' between the colloidal particles have a finite lifetime. The local dynamics are reminiscent of a fluid, while the local structure is almost identical to that of the gel. Simultaneous real-time local structural analysis and particle tracking in 3D at the single-particle level yields the following interesting information. Particles in the clusters move in a highly correlated manner, but, at the same time, exhibit significant dynamical heterogeneity, reflecting the enhanced mobility near the free surface. Deeper quenching eventually leads to a gel state where the 'bond' lifetime exceeds that of the experiment, although the local structure is almost identical to that of the 'cluster fluid'.

Takehiro Ohtsuka; C. Patrick Royall; Hajime Tanaka

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

386

Localized Bridging Centrality for Distributed Network Analysis Soumendra Nanda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a network. We provide below a list of questions asked from a system administrator's point of view, that we to manage a mesh network in a more effective manner. While 2 #12;the system administrator is primarily askedLocalized Bridging Centrality for Distributed Network Analysis Soumendra Nanda and David Kotz

387

Functional Geometry Alignment and Localization of Brain Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Geometry Alignment and Localization of Brain Areas Georg Langs, Polina Golland Computer@bwh.harvard.edu, lrigolo@bwh.harvard.edu agolby@bwh.harvard.edu Abstract Matching functional brain regions across. It is particularly difficult, but highly relevant, for patients with pathologies such as brain tumors, which can

Golland, Polina

388

Establishing Local Correspondences towards Compact Representations of Anatomical Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Siemens Corporate Research, Princeton, NJ, USA Abstract. Computer-aided diagnosis is often based problem as follows: recover a transformation be- tween a source and a target shape that results of a transformation. The transformation can be either global or local. Global registration techniques aim to re- cover

389

akt1 nuclear localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

akt1 nuclear localization First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Edinburgh Research Explorer...

390

LOCAL AND GLOBAL MINIMIZERS FOR A VARIATIONAL ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCAL AND GLOBAL MINIMIZERS FOR A VARIATIONAL ENERGY INVOLVING A FRACTIONAL NORM GIAMPIERO of the minimizers of the energy functional u 2 Hs() + W(u) dx, where u Hs() denotes the total contribution from References 38 2010 Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 82B26, 49J45; Secondary 49Q20. Key words

Savin, Ovidiu

391

Thermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) for sintering of ceramic composites [14]. The magnetic (H, the microwave energy is supplied locally to the powder. It creates a confined hotspot, and initiates a self-propagating the powder prior to its ignition is simulated theoretically, taking into account the powder's temperature

Jerby, Eli

392

On a local formalism for time evolution of dynamical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formalism of local maximization for entropy gradient producing the evolution and dynamical equations for closed systems. It eliminates the inconsistency between the reversibilty of time in dynamical equations and the strict direction of irreversible evolution for complex systems, causality contradictions and ambiguity of time flow in different systems. Independently it leads to basic principles of special relativity.

Drozdov, I V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Using the CONDENSATION Algorithm for Robust, Visionbased Mobile Robot Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract To navigate reliably in indoor environments, a mobile robot must know where it is. This includes­ vironment. Based on these two observations, we present a vision­ based robot localization method be expected to provide accurate lo­ calization in large open areas, where no landmarks can be observed [15

Burgard, Wolfram

394

Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Codes and Standards Title 24 Energy-Efficient Local Ordinances Title: San Mateo County Green Mateo County Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study December 31, 2009 Report prepared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for the San Mateo County Green Building Ordinance, 12

395

JOSEPHSON JUNCTION MIXER USING AN EXTERNAL LOCAL OSCILLATOR (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

255 JOSEPHSON JUNCTION MIXER USING AN EXTERNAL LOCAL OSCILLATOR (*) H. KANTER Electronic Research, studied the use of Josephson junctions as microwave mixers on the basis of the highly damped junction indicate that conversion as well as noise properties of Josephson junctions require more detailed studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

396

Ultrafast charge localization in a stripe-phase nickelate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-organized electronically-ordered phases are a recurring feature in correlated materials, resulting in e.g. fluctuating charge stripes whose role in high-Tc superconductivity is under debate. However, the relevant cause-effect relations between real-space charge correlations and low-energy excitations remain hidden in time-averaged studies. Here, we reveal ultrafast charge localization and lattice vibrational coupling as dynamical precursors of stripe formation in the model compound La1.75Sr0.25NiO4, using ultrafast and equilibrium mid-infrared spectroscopy. The opening of a pseudogap at a crossover temperature T* far above long-range stripe formation establishes the onset of electronic localization which is accompanied by an enhanced Fano asymmetry of Ni-O stretch vibrations. Ultrafast excitation triggers a sub-picosecond dynamics exposing the synchronous modulation of electron-phonon coupling and charge localization. These results illuminate the role of localization in forming the pseudogap in nickelates, opening a path to understanding this mysterious phase in a broad class of complex oxides.

Coslovich, Giacomo; Huber, Bernhard; Lee, Wei-Sheng; Sasagawa, Takao; Hussain, Zahid; Bechtel, Hans A.; Martin, Michael C.; Shen, Zhi-Xun; W. Schoenlein, Robert; A. Kaindl, Robert

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

Convergence properties of the local defect correction method for parabolic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and, for a one-dimensional heat equation, we study its properties analytically. Numerical experiment of adaptive grid techniques. In adaptive grid methods, a fine grid spacing and a relatively small time step requirements are minimized. An adaptive grid technique of particular interest is the Local Defect Correction

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

398

Active Probing Approach for Fault Localization in Computer Networks*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to develop tools for performing fault localization. We discuss various design issues involved and propose architecture for building such a tool. We describe an algorithm for probe set selection for problem detection a wide range of activities involving network design and operation [7, 9, 17, 18]. Network monitoring can

Sethi, Adarshpal

399

Non-local common cause explanations for EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper argues that a causal explanation of the correlated outcomes of EPR-type experiments is desirable and possible. It shows how Bohmian mechanics and the GRW mass density theory offer such an explanation in terms of a non-local common cause.

Egg, Matthias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

20% Discount Available! Local Governance and Poverty in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20% Discount Available! Local Governance and Poverty in Developing Nations Edited by Nicky Pouw and Isa Baud This volume examines the persistence of poverty--both rural and urban--in developing, and CSOs in national and sub-national agenda-setting, policy-making, and poverty-reduction strategies

van Rooij, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Locally Optimal Control of Quantum Systems with Strong Feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For quantum systems with high purity, we find all observables that, when continuously monitored, maximize the instantaneous reduction in the von Neumann entropy. This allows us to obtain all locally optimal feedback protocols with strong feedback, and explicit expressions for the best such protocols for systems of size N feedback.

Alireza Shabani; Kurt Jacobs

2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone

Keinan, Alon

403

Topology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, evidence-based programs, and service delivery, and health care reform are innovations Author AffiliationsTopology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps Jacqueline Merrill, RN, MPH: To determine how a health officials' advice network might contribute to a high-performing public health systems

Sadeh, Norman M.

404

Electromagnetic source localization with finite set of frequency measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phase conjugation algorithm for localizing an extended radiating electromagnetic source from boundary measurements of the electric field is presented. Measurements are taken over a finite number of frequencies. The artifacts related to the finite frequency data are tackled with $l_1-$regularization blended with the fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm with backtracking of Beck & Teboulle.

Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Rab Nawaz; Saman Anjum

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

405

A Local Linear Embedding Module For Evolutionary Computation Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Local Linear Embedding Module For Evolutionary Computation Optimization Fabio Boschetti CSIRO optimization problems. The LLE employs the stochastic sampling of the data space inherent in Evolutionary and considerably improves the EC convergence. Thirteen standard test functions and two real-world optimization

Boschetti, Fabio

406

Abstract Local Reasoning for Concurrent Libraries: Mind the Gap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considerable work on combining lo- cal reasoning with abstraction. There are two main approaches. One approach, truly abstract reasoning of a tree module (such as DOM) works with predicates based on connecting treeMFPS 2014 Abstract Local Reasoning for Concurrent Libraries: Mind the Gap Philippa Gardner, Azalea

Gardner, Philippa

407

Local Approximation of the Efficient Frontier in Robust Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Approximation of the Efficient Frontier in Robust Design Jinhuan Zhang, Graduate Assistant as an approximation of the efficient frontier to explore alternative robust design solutions. The proposed procedure, and for efficient frontiers with both convex and nonconvex behaviors. This quadratic utility function provides

Chen, Wei

408

Feasibility Grids for Localization and Mapping in Crowded Urban Scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feasibility Grids for Localization and Mapping in Crowded Urban Scenes Shao-Wen Yang and Chieh mapping method is the occupancy grid mapping algorithm [1] which represents maps by a collection of fine-grained grid cells that model the occupancy states of the environment. Occupancy grid mapping representation

Wang, Chieh-Chih "Bob"

409

Image Based Exploration for Indoor Environments using Local Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Mobile robot exploration is a vital cog in the automa- tion of the mapping process. In recentImage Based Exploration for Indoor Environments using Local Features (Extended Abstract) Aravindhan K Krishnan Madhava Krishna Supreeth Achar ABSTRACT This paper presents an approach to explore

Treuille, Adrien

410

Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Jordan1,2 Martin J. Wainwright1,2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation John C. Duchi1 Michael I Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley {jduchi

Jordan, Michael I.

411

ICT, Local Government & Tourism Development: Cases from Auckland, New Zealand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICT, Local Government & Tourism Development: Cases from Auckland, New Zealand Carolyn Noddera Institute of Technology and member of the New Zealand Tourism Research Institute, Auckland, NZ, cnodder@unitec.ac.nz b New Zealand Tourism Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, NZ, nancy

412

Localized radio frequency communication using asynchronous transfer mode protocol  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A localized wireless communication system for communication between a plurality of circuit boards, and between electronic components on the circuit boards. Transceivers are located on each circuit board and electronic component. The transceivers communicate with one another over spread spectrum radio frequencies. An asynchronous transfer mode protocol controls communication flow with asynchronous transfer mode switches located on the circuit boards.

Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM); Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierson, Lyndon G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to allow you to recycle the following materials: To find your nearest Recycling Point please visit www.fifedirect.org.uk/wasteaware or call the Recycling Helpline on 08451 55 00 22. R&A GOLF CLUB OLD COURSE HOTEL UNIVERSITY NORTH HAUGH

St Andrews, University of

414

Localized mode interactions in 0-Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized mode interactions in 0- Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1 and Gianne Derks2 1 School of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK A long Josephson junction containing regions in the system, it is shown that Josephson junctions with phase-shift can be an ideal setting for studying

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

415

New Strategies for Implementing Locally Integrated Stream Restoration Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 New Strategies for Implementing Locally Integrated Stream Restoration Projects Cheryl de Boer opportunities for improvements and alterations at different areas of the stream. Based on an existing framework acknowledgment and consequently, river restoration projects have commenced that are for a large portion in fact

Twente, Universiteit

416

MIXING RANK-ONE ACTIONS OF LOCALLY COMPACT ABELIAN GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIXING RANK-ONE ACTIONS OF LOCALLY COMPACT ABELIAN GROUPS Alexandre I. Danilenko and Cesar E. Silva that such transformations are mixing of all orders [Ka], [Ry1] and have minimal self-joinings of all orders [Ki], [Ry1 this progress, not so many concrete examples of rank-one mixing ac- tions are known. Most of them were obtained

Silva, Cesar E.

417

Atmospheric Dispersion Lecture Atmospheric Local-Scale Dispersion Modelling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heterogeneous temperature and pressure fields. Local heat flux depends on the position of the point to the sun-resting global circulation of air masses is the unequal distribution of solar heat flux to the earth surface). The temperature depends on the heat transfer and capacity characteristics of the surface (sea, soil, desert

418

Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under conformal transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a formula describing the transformation of the Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under a conformal rescaling of the spacetime metric. A known formula for the transformation of the Misner-Sharp-Hernandez mass is recovered as a special case.

Angus Prain; Vincenzo Vitagliano; Valerio Faraoni; Marianne Lapierre-Léonard

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under conformal transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a formula describing the transformation of the Hawking-Hayward quasi-local energy under a conformal rescaling of the spacetime metric. A known formula for the transformation of the Misner-Sharp-Hernandez mass is recovered as a special case.

Prain, Angus; Faraoni, Valerio; Lapierre-Léonard, Marianne

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs von Melanie Win Myint, M. S. Dem Department-Right Tours 29 6 LRTs Generate the Bicycle Space 43 7 The ABL Planarity Criterion 53 8 Pedestrian Graphs 69 bicycles and some other concepts they relate to, such as left- right tours and pedestrian graphs

Diestel, Reinhard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Embeddings of local automata Marie-Pierre Beal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Embeddings of local automata Marie-Pierre B´eal Universit´e Paris-Est Institut Gaspard-Monge 77454 Marne-la-Vall´ee, France beal@univ-mlv.fr Sylvain Lombardy Universit´e Paris-Est Institut Gaspard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

422

ON QUANTUM UNIQUE ERGODICITY FOR LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for an eigenfunction with a large eigen- value , |(x)| is approximately constant on Y . This can be approached demonstrate how to lift, in a "semi- canonical" fashion, limits of eigenfunction measures on locally sym symmetric spaces. 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. General starting point: the semi-classical limit on Riemannian

Silberman, Lior

423

Introduced Fish Species: "What do Introduced Fish Species: "What do the locals think?"the locals think?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bass grass carp Currently 56 species of introduced fish in Tennessee waters 12 exotic to US12 exotic release Bait bucket Game fish introductions Procambarus acutus Two local examples brook troutstriped bass #12;10/19/2009 4 striped bass (Morone saxatilis) Anadromous fish native to Atlantic and Gulf coasts

Gray, Matthew

424

What difference does local participation make? : contexts of engagement in regional conservation planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development companies, the regional association of governments, the transportation and water districts, the local energy

Lee, Caroline Worthen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

ALICE-EN-2003-010 THE LOCAL TRIGGER ELECTRONICS OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................ 9 2.4.3 Local/Regional crates in the ALICE cavern

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

426

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.

427

Suave: Swarm Underwater Autonomous Vehicle Localization Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wang, Zheng Peng, Jun-Hong Cui and Lance Fiondella  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suave: Swarm Underwater Autonomous Vehicle Localization Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wang, Zheng Peng, Jun. This paper de- velops the "Suave" (Swarm underwater autonomous vehicle localization) algorithm to localize significantly improves localization accuracy, lowers energy consumption, and the probability of swarm detection

Zhou, Shengli

428

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Momentum space metric, non-local operator, and topological insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Momentum space of a gapped quantum system is a metric space: it admits a notion of distance reflecting properties of its quantum ground state. By using this quantum metric, we investigate geometric properties of momentum space. In particular, we introduce a non-local operator which represents distance square in real space and show that this corresponds to the Laplacian in curved momentum space, and also derive its path integral representation in momentum space. The quantum metric itself measures the second cumulant of the position operator in real space, much like the Berry gauge potential measures the first cumulant or the electric polarization in real space. By using the non-local operator and the metric, we study some aspects of topological phases such as topological invariants, the cumulants and topological phase transitions. The effect of interactions to the momentum space geometry is also discussed.

Shunji Matsuura; Shinsei Ryu

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

430

The local potential approximation in the background field formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working within the familiar local potential approximation, and concentrating on the example of a single scalar field in three dimensions, we show that the commonly used approximation method of identifying the total and background fields, leads to pathologies in the resulting fixed point structure and the associated spaces of eigenoperators. We then show how a consistent treatment of the background field through the corresponding modified shift Ward identity, can cure these pathologies, restoring universality of physical quantities with respect to the choice of dependence on the background field, even within the local potential approximation. Along the way we point out similarities to what has been previously found in the f(R) approximation in asymptotic safety for gravity.

I. Hamzaan Bridle; Juergen A. Dietz; Tim R. Morris

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

431

Photoionization microscopy in terms of local frame transformation theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-photon ionization of an alkali-metal atom in the presence of a uniform electric field is investigated using a standardized form of local frame transformation and generalized quantum defect theory. The relevant long-range quantum defect parameters in the combined Coulombic plus Stark potential is calculated with eigenchannel R-matrix theory applied in the downstream parabolic coordinate $\\eta$. The present formulation permits us to express the corresponding microscopy observables in terms of the local frame transformation, and it gives a critical test of the accuracy of the Harmin-Fano theory permitting a scholastic investigation of the claims presented in Zhao {\\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. A 86, 053413 (2012)].

P. Giannakeas; F. Robicheaux; Chris H. Greene

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

432

Spatial Distributions of Local Elastic Moduli Near the Jamming Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent progress in studies of the nanoscale mechanical responses in amorphous solids has highlighted a strong degree of heterogeneity in the elastic moduli of thermal glassy systems. In this contribution, using computer simulations, we study the elastic heterogeneities in athermal amorphous solids, composed of isotropic, static, sphere packings near the jamming transition. We employ techniques based on linear response theory which avoid the need to invoke any explicit deformation. Not only do we validate these procedures by reproducing established scaling laws for the global elastic moduli, but our technique reveals new power-law behaviors in the spatial fluctuations of the local moduli. The local moduli are randomly distributed in space, and are described by Gaussian probability distributions all the way down to the transition point. However, the moduli fluctuations grow as the jamming threshold is approached, through which we are able to identify a characteristic length scale, associated with the shear modulus heterogeneities.

Hideyuki Mizuno; Leonardo E. Silbert; Matthias Sperl

2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

433

Persistence of locality in systems with power-law interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by recent experiments with ultra-cold matter, we derive a new bound on the propagation of information in $D$-dimensional lattice models exhibiting $1/r^{\\alpha}$ interactions with $\\alpha>D$. The bound contains two terms: One accounts for the short-ranged part of the interactions, giving rise to a bounded velocity and reflecting the persistence of locality out to intermediate distances, while the other contributes a power-law decay at longer distances. We demonstrate that these two contributions not only bound but, except at long times, \\emph{qualitatively reproduce} the short- and long-distance dynamical behavior following a local quench in an $XY$ chain and a transverse-field Ising chain. In addition to describing dynamics in numerous intractable long-range interacting lattice models, our results can be experimentally verified in a variety of ultracold-atomic and solid-state systems.

Zhe-Xuan Gong; Michael Foss-Feig; Spyridon Michalakis; Alexey V. Gorshkov

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by a few preceding papers and a question of R. Longo, we introduce super-KMS functionals for graded translation-covariant nets over R with superderivations, roughly speaking as a certain supersymmetric modification of classical KMS states on translation-covariant nets over R, fundamental objects in chiral algebraic quantum field theory. Although we are able to make a few statements concerning their general structure, most properties will be studied in the setting of specific graded-local (super-) conformal models. In particular, we provide a constructive existence and partial uniqueness proof of super-KMS functionals for the supersymmetric free field, for certain subnets, and for the super-Virasoro net with central charge c>= 3/2. Moreover, as a separate result, we classify bounded super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets over S^1 with respect to rotations.

Robin Hillier

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

435

Eigenstate Localization in an Asymmetric Coupled Quantum Well Pair  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical pumping of a type-I/type-II coupled asymmetric quantum well pair induces a spatially separated two dimensional charge carriers plasma in the well's wide and narrow parts. Treating the two coupled wells as a single system we find that the eigenstate probability distribution localizes exclusively either in the wide or the narrow parts of the well pair. The energy of the narrow-well localized state determines the minimal excitation energy for optically pumped charge carriers separation. In a previously used design [Guliamov et al., PRB 64 035314 (2001)] this narrow well transition energy was measured to correspond to a wavelength of 646 nm. We propose modifications to the design suggested earlier with the purpose of pushing up the energy required for the optical pumping of the two-dimensional plasma into the green and blue regions of the visible spectrum.

Mialitsin, A.; Schmult, S.; Solov'yov, I. A.; Fluegel, B.; Mascarenhas, A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Localization for Branching Random Walks in Random Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider branching random walks in $d$-dimensional integer lattice with time-space i.i.d. offspring distributions. This model is known to exhibit a phase transition: If $d \\ge 3$ and the environment is "not too random", then, the total population grows as fast as its expectation with strictly positive probability. If,on the other hand, $d \\le 2$, or the environment is ``random enough", then the total population grows strictly slower than its expectation almost surely. We show the equivalence between the slow population growth and a natural localization property in terms of "replica overlap". We also prove a certain stronger localization property, whenever the total population grows strictly slower than its expectation almost surely.

Yueyun Hu; Nobuo Yoshida

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

Source localization of brain activity using helium-free interferometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To detect extremely small magnetic fields generated by the human brain, currently all commercial magnetoencephalography (MEG) systems are equipped with low-temperature (low-T{sub c}) superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) sensors that use liquid helium for cooling. The limited and increasingly expensive supply of helium, which has seen dramatic price increases recently, has become a real problem for such systems and the situation shows no signs of abating. MEG research in the long run is now endangered. In this study, we report a MEG source localization utilizing a single, highly sensitive SQUID cooled with liquid nitrogen only. Our findings confirm that localization of neuromagnetic activity is indeed possible using high-T{sub c} SQUIDs. We believe that our findings secure the future of this exquisitely sensitive technique and have major implications for brain research and the developments of cost-effective multi-channel, high-T{sub c} SQUID-based MEG systems.

Dammers, Jürgen, E-mail: J.Dammers@fz-juelich.de; Chocholacs, Harald; Eich, Eberhard; Boers, Frank [Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-4), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich (Germany); Faley, Michael; Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. [Peter Grünberg Institute (PGI-5), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich (Germany); Jon Shah, N. [Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-4), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich (Germany); Department of Neurology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen (Germany); Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA)—Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich (Germany)

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

438

Power Grid Network Evolutions for Local Energy Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shift towards a energy Grid dominated by prosumers (consumers and producers of energy) will inevitably have repercussions on the distribution infrastructure. Today it is a hierarchical one designed to deliver energy from large scale facilities to end-users. Tomorrow it will be a capillary infrastructure at the medium and Low Voltage levels that will support local energy trading among prosumers. In our previous work, we analyzed the Dutch Power Grid and made an initial analysis of the economic impact topological properties have on decentralized energy trading. In this paper, we go one step further and investigate how different networks topologies and growth models facilitate the emergence of a decentralized market. In particular, we show how the connectivity plays an important role in improving the properties of reliability and path-cost reduction. From the economic point of view, we estimate how the topological evolutions facilitate local electricity distribution, taking into account the main cost ingredi...

Pagani, Giuliano Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Resolvent estimates and local decay of waves on conic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider manifolds with conic singularites that are isometric to $\\mathbb{R}^{n}$ outside a compact set. Under natural geometric assumptions on the cone points, we prove the existence of a logarithmic resonance-free region for the cut-off resolvent. The estimate also applies to the exterior domains of non-trapping polygons via a doubling process. The proof of the resolvent estimate relies on the propagation of singularities theorems of Melrose and the second author to establish a "very weak" Huygens' principle, which may be of independent interest. As applications of the estimate, we obtain a exponential local energy decay and a resonance wave expansion in odd dimensions, as well as a lossless local smoothing estimate for the Schr{\\"o}dinger equation.

Dean Baskin; Jared Wunsch

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Local prediction of turning points of oscillating time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For oscillating time series, the prediction is often focused on the turning points. In order to predict the turning point magnitudes and times it is proposed to form the state space reconstruction only from the turning points and modify the local (nearest neighbor) model accordingly. The model on turning points gives optimal prediction at a lower dimensional state space than the optimal local model applied directly on the oscillating time series and is thus computationally more efficient. Monte Carlo simulations on different oscillating nonlinear systems showed that it gives better predictions of turning points and this is confirmed also for the time series of annual sunspots and total stress in a plastic deformation experiment.

D. Kugiumtzis

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Acoustical “transparency” induced by local resonance in Bragg bandgaps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that sound waves can resonantly transmit through Bragg bandgaps in an acoustical duct periodically attached with an array of Helmholtz resonators, forming within the normally forbidden band a transparency window with group velocity smaller than the normal speed of sound. The transparency occurs for the locally resonant frequency so much close to the Bragg one that both the local-resonance-induced bandgap and the Bragg one heavily overlap with each other. The phenomenon seems an acoustical analog of the well-known electromagnetically induced transparency by quantum interference. Different from the Fano-like interference explanation, we also provide a mechanism for the transparency window phenomenon which makes it possible to extend the phenomenon in general.

Yu, Gaokun; Wang, Xinlong, E-mail: xlwang@nju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics and Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nonlinear optical localization in embedded chalcogenide waveguide arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the nonlinear optical localization in an embedded waveguide array fabricated in chalcogenide glass. The array, which consists of seven waveguides with circularly symmetric cross sections, is realized by ultrafast laser writing. Light propagation in the chalcogenide waveguide array is studied with near infrared laser pulses centered at 1040 nm. The peak intensity required for nonlinear localization for the 1-cm long waveguide array was 35.1 GW/cm{sup 2}, using 10-nJ pulses with 300-fs pulse width, which is 70 times lower than that reported in fused silica waveguide arrays and with over 7 times shorter interaction distance. Results reported in this paper demonstrated that ultrafast laser writing is a viable tool to produce 3D all-optical switching waveguide circuits in chalcogenide glass.

Li, Mingshan; Huang, Sheng; Wang, Qingqing; Chen, Kevin P., E-mail: kchen@engr.pitt.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States); Petek, Hrvoje [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Protein subcellular localization assays using split fluorescent proteins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides protein subcellular localization assays using split fluorescent protein systems. The assays are conducted in living cells, do not require fixation and washing steps inherent in existing immunostaining and related techniques, and permit rapid, non-invasive, direct visualization of protein localization in living cells. The split fluorescent protein systems used in the practice of the invention generally comprise two or more self-complementing fragments of a fluorescent protein, such as GFP, wherein one or more of the fragments correspond to one or more beta-strand microdomains and are used to "tag" proteins of interest, and a complementary "assay" fragment of the fluorescent protein. Either or both of the fragments may be functionalized with a subcellular targeting sequence enabling it to be expressed in or directed to a particular subcellular compartment (i.e., the nucleus).

Waldo, Geoffrey S. (Santa Fe, NM); Cabantous, Stephanie (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

444

Spontaneous generation of local CP violation and inverse magnetic catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the chiral symmetric phase, the polarized instanton--anti-instanton molecule pairing induces a nontrivial repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel. As a consequence, one unusual property is observed that in the chiral restoration phase, there is a first order phase transition for the spontaneous generation of local CP violation and chiral imbalance. Furthermore, it is found that external magnetic fields will lower the critical temperature for the local CP-odd phase transition and catalyze the chiral imbalance, which destroys the chiral condensate with pairing quarks between different chiralities. A reasonable strength of the repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel can naturally explain the inverse magnetic catalysis around the critical temperature under external magnetic fields.

Lang Yu; Hao Liu; Mei Huang

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Exploiting locality in quantum computation for quantum chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate prediction of chemical and material properties from first principles quantum chemistry is a challenging task on traditional computers. Recent developments in quantum computation offer a route towards highly accurate solutions with polynomial cost, however this solution still carries a large overhead. In this perspective, we aim to bring together known results about the locality of physical interactions from quantum chemistry with ideas from quantum computation. We show that the utilization of spatial locality combined with the Bravyi-Kitaev transformation offers an improvement in the scaling of known quantum algorithms for quantum chemistry and provide numerical examples to help illustrate this point. We combine these developments to improve the outlook for the future of quantum chemistry on quantum computers.

Jarrod R. McClean; Ryan Babbush; Peter J. Love; Alán Aspuru-Guzik

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

446

Local random potentials of high differentiability to model the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generate random functions locally via a novel generalization of Dyson Brownian motion, such that the functions are in a desired differentiability class, while ensuring that the Hessian is a member of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (other ensembles might be chosen if desired). Potentials in such higher differentiability classes are required/desirable to model string theoretical landscapes, for instance to compute cosmological perturbations (e.g., smooth first and second derivatives for the power-spectrum) or to search for minima (e.g., suitable de Sitter vacua for our universe). Since potentials are created locally, numerical studies become feasible even if the dimension of field space is large (D ~ 100). In addition to the theoretical prescription, we provide some numerical examples to highlight properties of such potentials; concrete cosmological applications will be discussed in companion publications.

Thorsten Battefeld; Chirag Modi

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

447

Local Control of Reactive Power by Distributed Photovoltaic Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit may severely degrade power quality due to voltage sags and swells caused by rapidly varying PV generation during cloud transients coupled with the slow response of existing utility compensation and regulation equipment. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We suggest a local control scheme that dispatches reactive power from each PV inverter based on local instantaneous measurements of the real and reactive components of the consumed power and the re...

Turitsyn, Konstantin S; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Misha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Nonlinear simplified model to study localization of kinetic Alfvén wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have presented the numerical simulation of the coupled equations governing the dynamics of kinetic Alfvén wave (KAW) and ion acoustic wave in the intermediate ? plasma, where ? is the ratio of thermal pressure to the background magnetic pressure. We have also developed a simplified model for this nonlinear interaction using the results obtained from the simulation to understand the physics of nonlinear evolution of KAW. Localization of magnetic field intensity of KAW has been studied by means of the simplified model.

Sharma, R. P., E-mail: rpsharma@ces.iitd.ac.in; Gaur, Nidhi, E-mail: nidhiphysics@gmail.com [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi 110016 (India)] [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi 110016 (India)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

High Energy Cosmic Rays from Local GRBs Armen Atoyan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with energies E between 0.1 - 1 PeV and the energy of the second knee at E2 3 � 1017 eV as originating from. The origin of the ankle in the CR spectrum at Eank 4 � 1018 eV is due to photopair energy losses of UHECRsHigh Energy Cosmic Rays from Local GRBs Armen Atoyan1 and Charles D. Dermer2 1 CRM, Universit´e de

450

Anisotropic Bianchi types VIII and IX locally rotationally symmetric cosmologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a class of exact cosmological solutions of Einstein-Maxwell equations, which are anisotropic and spatially homogeneous of Bianchi types VIII and IX, and class IIIb in the Stewart-Ellis classification of locally rotationally symmetric models. If we take the electromagnetic field equal to zero, a class of Bianchi types VIII/IX spatially homogeneous anisotropic cosmological solutions with perfect fluid is obtained.

Assad, M.J.D.; Soares, I.D.

1983-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Measurement of local internal friction in metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic force acoustic microscopy (AFAM), an advanced scanning probe microscopy technique, has been used to measure local elastic properties with a spatial resolution given by the tip-sample contact radius. AFAM is based on inducing out-of-plane vibrations in the specimen. The vibrations are sensed by the AFM cantilever from by the photodiode signal when its tip is in contact with the material under test. To measure local damping, the inverse quality factor Q{sup ?1} of the resonance curve is usually evaluated. Here, from the contact-resonance spectra obtained, we determine the real and imaginary part of the contact stiffness k* and from these two quantities the local damping factor Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} is obtained which is proportional to the imaginary part ? of the contact stiffness. The evaluation of the data is based on the cantilever's mass distribution with damped flexural modes and not on an effective point-mass approximation for the cantilever’s motion. The given equation is simple to use and has been employed to study the local Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} of amorphous PdCuSi metallic glass and its crystalline counterpart as a function of position of the AFM tip on the surface. The width of the distribution changes dramatically from the amorphous to the crystalline state as expected from the consequences of the potential-energy landscape picture. The center value of the distribution curve for Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} coincides very well with published data, based on global ultrasonic or internal friction measurements. This is compared to Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} measured in crystalline SrTiO{sub 3}, which exhibits a narrow distribution, as expected.

Wagner, H.; Büchsenschütz-Göbeler, M.; Luo, Y.; Samwer, K. [I. Physikalisches Institut, Georg-August Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany); Kumar, A. [Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Arnold, W., E-mail: w.arnold@mx.uni-saarland.de [I. Physikalisches Institut, Georg-August Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany); Department of Materials and Materials Technology, Saarland University, Campus D 2.2, D-66123 Saarbrücken (Germany)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

452

Local Food, Sustainability, and Cuba's National Food Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

my gratitude to the many people who made this thesis possible. I particularly want to thank Dr. J. Christopher Brown, my advisor, for his insights. He has inspired me with his perpetual enthusiasm and energy and his efforts in making the world a... energy and could be adapted quickly, at low cost, and with local materials. The system Cuba developed at this time is referred to as the ?Cuban Model? of agricultural development. The Cuban Model is based around ecological farming practices...

Fusco, Audrey Corinne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Topological Obstructions to Localization Results Radu V. Balan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topological Obstructions to Localization Results Radu V. Balan Siemens Corporate Research, 755(x)j2 dx Z 2j^g( )j2 d = 1 (4) where ^g( ) = 1p2 R e;i xg(x)dx is the Fourier transform of g. Equation in San Diego, July 29 - August 3, 2001 E-mail address: radu.balan@scr.siemens.com #12;The proof shows

Maryland at College Park, University of

454

Deformation analysis of local ply curvature in laminated composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composite laminates with local ply curvatures in the main load- carrying layers, Strains in corrugated layers, In-Phase layers, and Out-of-Phase layers are predicted for various geometries and material configurations by assuming matrix layers as elastic.... 2 Copper Matrix Metal Composite Fig. 3 Wavy Layers 12 Fig. 4 Moment Equilibrium in a Corrugated Beam without Matrix Material 18 Fig. 5 Deformation of the Matrix Naterial Due to Stretching of the Initial Curvature of the Main Load...

Lee, Jong-Won

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Non static local string in Brans-Dicke theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent investigation shows that a local gauge string with a phenomenological energy momentum tensor, as prescribed by Vilenkin, is inconsistent in Brans-Dicke theory. In this work, it has been shown that such a string is indeed consistent if one introduces time dependences in the metric. A set of solutions of full nonlinear Einstein's equations for the interior region of such a string are presented.

A. A. Sen

1998-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Local cosmic string in generalised scalar tensor theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent investigation shows that a local gauge string with a phenomenological energy momentum tensor, as prescribed by Vilenkin, is inconsistent in Brans-Dicke theory. In this work it has been shown that such a string is consistent in a more general scalar tensor theory where $\\omega$ is function of the scalar field.A set of solutions of full nonlinear Einstein's equations for interior region of such a string are presented.

A. A. Sen; N. Banerjee

1998-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

457

Local cloning of genuine entangled states of three qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss (im)possibility of the exact cloning of orthogonal but genuinely entangled three qubit states aided with entangled ancila under local operation and classical communication. Whereas any two orthogonal GHZ states taken from the canonical GHZ basis, can be cloned with the help of a known GHZ state, surprisingly we find that no two W states can be cloned by using any known three qubit (possibly entangled) state as blank copy.

Sujit K. Choudhary; Guruprasad Kar; Samir Kunkri; Ramij Rahaman; Anirban Roy

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Joint measurements of spin, operational locality and uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint, or simultaneous, measurements of non-commuting observables are possible within quantum mechanics, if one accepts an increase in the variances of the jointly measured observables. In this paper, we discuss joint measurements of a spin 1/2 particle along any two directions. Starting from an operational locality principle, it is shown how to obtain a bound on how sharp the joint measurement can be. We give a direct interpretation of this bound in terms of an uncertainty relation.

Erika Andersson; Stephen M. Barnett; Alain Aspect

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

459

Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a method to locally change the refractive index in planar optical devices by photodarkening of a thin chalcogenide glass layer deposited on top of the device. The method is used to tune the resonance of GaAs-based photonic crystal cavities by up to 3 nm at 940 nm, with only 5% deterioration in cavity quality factor. The method has broad applications for postproduction tuning of photonic devices.

Andrei Faraon; Dirk Englund; Douglas Bulla; Barry Luther-Davies; Benjamin J. Eggleton; Nick Stoltz; Pierre Petroff; Jelena Vuckovic

2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

460

Holography and off-center collisions of localized shock waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using numerical holography, we study the collision, at non-zero impact parameter, of bounded, localized distributions of energy density chosen to mimic relativistic heavy ion collisions, in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. Both longitudinal and transverse dynamics in the dual field theory are properly described. Using the gravitational description we solve 5D Einstein equations, without dimensionality reducing symmetry restrictions, to find the asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime geometry.

Chesler, Paul M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multi-year field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the 'current best practices.' A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. Our new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Regulation of Nuclear Localization of Signaling Proteins by Cytokinin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cytokinins are a class of mitogenic plant hormones that play an important role in most aspects of plant development, including shoot and root growth, vascular and photomorphogenic development and leaf senescence. A model for cytokinin perception and signaling has emerged that is similar to bacterial two-component phosphorelays. In this model, binding of cytokinin to the extracellular domain of the Arabidopsis histidine kinase (AHKs) receptors induces autophosphorylation within the intracellular histidine-kinase domain. The phosphoryl group is subsequently transferred to cytosolic Arabidopsis histidine phosphotransfer proteins (AHPs), which have been suggested to translocate to the nucleus in response to cytokinin treatment, where they then transfer the phosphoryl group to nuclear-localized response regulators (Type-A and Type-B ARRs). We examined the effects of cytokinin on AHP subcellular localization in Arabidopsis and, contrary to expectations, the AHPs maintained a constant nuclear/cytosolic distribution following cytokinin treatment. Furthermore, mutation of the conserved phosphoacceptor histidine residue of the AHP, as well as disruption of multiple cytokinin signaling elements, did not affect the subcellular localization of the AHP proteins. Finally, we present data indicating that AHPs maintain a nuclear/cytosolic distribution by balancing active transport into and out of the nucleus. Our findings suggest that the current models indicating relocalization of AHP protein into the nucleus in response to cytokinin are incorrect. Rather, AHPs actively maintain a consistent nuclear/cytosolic distribution regardless of the status of the cytokinin response pathway.

Kieber, J.J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

On local-hidden-variable no-go theorems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strongest attack against quantum mechanics came in 1935 in the form of a paper by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen. It was argued that the theory of quantum mechanics could not be called a complete theory of Nature, for every element of reality is not represented in the formalism as such. The authors then put forth a proposition: we must search for a theory where, upon knowing everything about the system, including possible hidden variables, one could make precise predictions concerning elements of reality. This project was ultimatly doomed in 1964 with the work of Bell Bell, who showed that the most general local hidden variable theory could not reproduce correlations that arise in quantum mechanics. There exist mainly three forms of no-go theorems for local hidden variable theories. Although almost every physicist knows the consequences of these no-go theorems, not every physicist is aware of the distinctions between the three or even their exact definitions. Thus we will discuss here the three principal forms of no-go theorems for local hidden variable theories of Nature. We will define Bell inequalities, Bell inequalities without inequalities and pseudo-telepathy. A discussion of the similarities and differences will follow.

A. A. Methot

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

Local and Global Casimir Energies in a Green's Function Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of quantum fluctuations in fields confined by background configurations may be simply and transparently computed using the Green's function approach pioneered by Schwinger. Not only can total energies and surface forces be computed in this way, but local energy densities, and in general, all components of the vacuum expectation value of the energy-momentum tensor may be calculated. For simple geometries this approach may be carried out exactly, which yields insight into what happens in less tractable situations. In this talk I will concentrate on the example of a scalar field in a circular cylindrical delta-function background. This situation is quite similar to that of a spherical delta-function background. The local energy density in these cases diverges as the surface of the background is approached, but these divergences are integrable. The total energy is finite in strong coupling, but in weak coupling a divergence occurs in third order. This universal feature is shown to reflect a divergence in the energy associated with the surface, the integrated local energy density within the shell itself, which surface energy should be removable by a process of renormalization.

K. A. Milton; I. Cavero-Pelaez; K. Kirsten

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

Local trace formulae for commuting Hamiltonians in Töplitz quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let $(M,J,\\omega)$ be a quantizable compact K\\"ahler manifold, with quantizing Hermitian line bundle $(A,h)$, and associated Hardy space $H(X)$, where $X$ is the unit circle bundle. Given a collection of $r$ Poisson commuting quantizable Hamiltonian functions $f_j$ on $M$, there is an induced Abelian unitary action on $H(X)$, generated by certain T\\"oplitz operators naturally induced by the $f_j$'s. As a multi-dimensional analogue of the usual Weyl law and trace formula, we consider the problem of describing the asymptotic clustering of the joint eigenvalues of these T\\"oplitz operators along a given ray, and locally on $M$ the asymptotic concentration of the corresponding joint eigenfunctions. This problem naturally leads to a \\lq directional local trace formula\\rq, involving scaling asymptotics in the neighborhood of certain special loci in $M$. Under natural transversality assumption, we obtain asymptotic expansions related to the local geometry of the Hamiltonian action and flow.

Roberto Paoletti

2015-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

Water masers in the Local Group of galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the number of detected 22 GHz H2O masers in the Local Group galaxies M31, M33, NGC6822, IC10, IC1613, DDO187, GR8, NGC185, and the Magellanic Clouds with the water maser population of the Milky Way. To accomplish this we searched for water maser emission in the two Local Group galaxies M33 and NGC6822 using the Very Large Array (VLA) and incorporated results from previous studies. We observed 62 HII regions in M33 and 36 regions with H-alpha emission in NGC6822. Detection limits are 0.0015 and 0.0008 Lsun for M33 and NGC6822, respectively (corresponding to 47 and 50 mJy in three channels with 0.7 km/s width). M33 hosts three water masers above our detection limit, while in NGC6822 no maser source was detected. We find that the water maser detection rates in the Local Group galaxies M31, M33, NGC6822, IC1613, DDO187, GR8, NGC185, and the Magellanic Clouds are consistent with expectations from the Galactic water masers if one considers the different star formation rates of the galaxies. However, the galaxy IC10 exhibits an overabundance of masers, which may result from a compact central starburst.

A. Brunthaler; C. Henkel; W. J. G. de Blok; M. J. Reid; L. J. Greenhill; H. Falcke

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

Local control of reactive power by distributed photovoltaic generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit may severely degrade power quality due to voltage sags and swells caused by rapidly varying PV generation during cloud transients coupled with the slow response of existing utility compensation and regulation equipment. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We suggest a local control scheme that dispatches reactive power from each PV inverter based on local instantaneous measurements of the real and reactive components of the consumed power and the real power generated by the PVs. Using one adjustable parameter per circuit, we balance the requirements on power quality and desire to minimize thermal losses. Numerical analysis of two exemplary systems, with comparable total PV generation albeit a different spatial distribution, show how to adjust the optimization parameter depending on the goal. Overall, this local scheme shows excellent performance; it's capable of guaranteeing acceptable power quality and achieving significant saving in thermal losses in various situations even when the renewable generation in excess of the circuit own load, i.e. feeding power back to the higher-level system.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sulc, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The moduli space of local homogeneous 3-geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a canonical formulation of quantum gravity, the superspace of all possible 3-geometries on a Cauchy hypersurface of a 3+1-dimensional Lorentzian manifold plays a key role. While in the analogous 2+1-dimensional case the superspace of all Riemannian 2-geometries is well known, the structure of the superspace of all Riemannian 3-geometries has not yet been resolved at present. In this paper, an important subspace of the latter is disentangled: The superspace of local homogenous Riemannian 3-geometries. It is finite dimensional and can be factored by conformal scale dilations, with the flat space as the center of projection. The corresponding moduli space can be represented by homothetically normalized 3-geometries. By construction, this moduli space of the local homogenous 3-geometries is an algebraic variety. An explicit parametrization is given by characteristic scalar invariants of the Riemannian 3-geometry. Although the moduli space is not locally Euclidean, it is a Hausdorff space. Nevertheless, its topology is compatible with the non-Hausdorffian topology of the space of all Bianchi-Lie algebras, which characterize the moduli modulo differences in their anisotropy.

M. Rainer

1996-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

469

Using the electron localization function to correct for confinement physics in semi-local density functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have previously proposed that further improved functionals for density functional theory can be constructed based on the Armiento-Mattsson subsystem functional scheme if, in addition to the uniform electron gas and surface models used in the Armiento-Mattsson 2005 functional, a model for the strongly confined electron gas is also added. However, of central importance for this scheme is an index that identifies regions in space where the correction provided by the confined electron gas should be applied. The electron localization function (ELF) is a well-known indicator of strongly localized electrons. We use a model of a confined electron gas based on the harmonic oscillator to show that regions with high ELF directly coincide with regions where common exchange energy functionals have large errors. This suggests that the harmonic oscillator model together with an index based on the ELF provides the crucial ingredients for future improved semi-local functionals. For a practical illustration of how the proposed scheme is intended to work for a physical system we discuss monoclinic cupric oxide, CuO. A thorough discussion of this system leads us to promote the cell geometry of CuO as a useful benchmark for future semi-local functionals. Very high ELF values are found in a shell around the O ions, and take its maximum value along the Cu–O directions. An estimate of the exchange functional error from the effect of electron confinement in these regions suggests a magnitude and sign that could account for the error in cell geometry.

Hao, Feng, E-mail: hfeng413@gmail.com; Mattsson, Ann E., E-mail: aematts@sandia.gov [Multi-Scale Science MS 1322, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1322 (United States); Armiento, Rickard [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping (Sweden)] [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping (Sweden)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

470

Report for the ASC CSSE L2 Milestone (4873) - Demonstration of Local Failure Local Recovery Resilient Programming Model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recovery from process loss during the execution of a distributed memory parallel application is presently achieved by restarting the program, typically from a checkpoint file. Future computer system trends indicate that the size of data to checkpoint, the lack of improvement in parallel file system performance and the increase in process failure rates will lead to situations where checkpoint restart becomes infeasible. In this report we describe and prototype the use of a new application level resilient computing model that manages persistent storage of local state for each process such that, if a process fails, recovery can be performed locally without requiring access to a global checkpoint file. LFLR provides application developers with an ability to recover locally and continue application execution when a process is lost. This report discusses what features are required from the hardware, OS and runtime layers, and what approaches application developers might use in the design of future codes, including a demonstration of LFLR-enabled MiniFE code from the Matenvo mini-application suite.

Heroux, Michael A.; Teranishi, Keita [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Local Burn-Up Effects in the NBSR Fuel Element  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study addresses the over-prediction of local power when the burn-up distribution in each half-element of the NBSR is assumed to be uniform. A single-element model was utilized to quantify the impact of axial and plate-wise burn-up on the power distribution within the NBSR fuel elements for both high-enriched uranium (HEU) and low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. To validate this approach, key parameters in the single-element model were compared to parameters from an equilibrium core model, including neutron energy spectrum, power distribution, and integral U-235 vector. The power distribution changes significantly when incorporating local burn-up effects and has lower power peaking relative to the uniform burn-up case. In the uniform burn-up case, the axial relative power peaking is over-predicted by as much as 59% in the HEU single-element and 46% in the LEU single-element with uniform burn-up. In the uniform burn-up case, the plate-wise power peaking is over-predicted by as much as 23% in the HEU single-element and 18% in the LEU single-element. The degree of over-prediction increases as a function of burn-up cycle, with the greatest over-prediction at the end of Cycle 8. The thermal flux peak is always in the mid-plane gap; this causes the local cumulative burn-up near the mid-plane gap to be significantly higher than the fuel element average. Uniform burn-up distribution throughout a half-element also causes a bias in fuel element reactivity worth, due primarily to the neutronic importance of the fissile inventory in the mid-plane gap region.

Brown N. R.; Hanson A.; Diamond, D.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

472

General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alloy 22 is an extremely Corrosion Resistant Material, with a very stable passive film. Based upon exposures in the LTCTF, the GC rates of Alloy 22 are typically below the level of detection, with four outliers having reported rates up to 0.75 #mu#m per year. In any event, over the 10,000 year life of the repository, GC of the Alloy 22 (assumed to be 2 cm thick) should not be life limiting. Because measured corrosion potentials are far below threshold potentials, localized breakdown of the passive film is unlikely under plausible conditions, even in SSW at 120 deg C. The pH in ambient-temperature crevices formed from Alloy 22 have been determined experimentally, with only modest lowering of the crevice pH observed under plausible conditions. Extreme lowering of the crevice pH was only observed under situations where the applied potential at the crevice mouth was sufficient to result in catastrophic breakdown of the passive film above the threshold potential in non-buffered conditions not characteristic of the Yucca Mountain environment. In cases where naturally ocurring buffers are present in the crevice solution, little or no lowering of the pH was observed, even with significant applied potential. With exposures of twelve months, no evidence of crevice corrosion has been observed in SDW, SCW and SAW at temperatures up to 90 deg C. An abstracted model has been presented, with parameters determined experimentally, that should enable performance assessment to account for the general and localized corrosion of this material. A feature of this model is the use of the materials specification to limit the range of corrosion and threshold potentials, thereby making sure that substandard materials prone to localized attack are avoided. Model validation will be covered in part by a companion SMR on abstraction of this model.

Farmer, J.C.; McCright, R.D.

2000-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

473

General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The waste package design for the License Application is a double-wall waste package underneath a protective drip shield (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168489]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169480]). The purpose and scope of this model report is to document models for general and localized corrosion of the waste package outer barrier (WPOB) to be used in evaluating waste package performance. The WPOB is constructed of Alloy 22 (UNS N06022), a highly corrosion-resistant nickel-based alloy. The inner vessel of the waste package is constructed of Stainless Steel Type 316 (UNS S31600). Before it fails, the Alloy 22 WPOB protects the Stainless Steel Type 316 inner vessel from exposure to the external environment and any significant degradation. The Stainless Steel Type 316 inner vessel provides structural stability to the thinner Alloy 22 WPOB. Although the waste package inner vessel would also provide some performance for waste containment and potentially decrease the rate of radionuclide transport after WPOB breach before it fails, the potential performance of the inner vessel is far less than that of the more corrosion-resistant Alloy 22 WPOB. For this reason, the corrosion performance of the waste package inner vessel is conservatively ignored in this report and the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA). Treatment of seismic and igneous events and their consequences on waste package outer barrier performance are not specifically discussed in this report, although the general and localized corrosion models developed in this report are suitable for use in these scenarios. The localized corrosion processes considered in this report are pitting corrosion and crevice corrosion. Stress corrosion cracking is discussed in ''Stress Corrosion Cracking of the Drip Shield, the Waste Package Outer Barrier, and the Stainless Steel Structural Material'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169985]).

K.G. Mon

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Local Causality in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A local, deterministic, and realistic model within a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with constant spatial curvature is presented which describes simultaneous measurements of the spins of two fermions emerging in a singlet state from the decay of a spinless boson. Exact agreement with the probabilistic predictions of quantum theory is achieved in the model without data rejection, remote contextuality, superdeterminism, or backward causation. An event-by-event numerical simulation of the model is presented, which confirms our analytical results with the accuracy of 4 in ${10^4}$ parts.

Joy Christian

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

475

Nanoparticle plasma ejected directly from solid copper by localized microwaves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plasma column ejected directly from solid copper by localized microwaves is studied. The effect stems from an induced hotspot that melts and emits ionized copper vapors as a confined fire column. Nanoparticles of {approx}20-120 nm size were revealed in the ejected column by in situ small-angle x-ray scattering. Optical spectroscopy confirmed the dominance of copper particles in the plasma column originating directly from the copper substrate. Nano- and macroparticles of copper were verified also by ex situ scanning electron microscopy. The direct conversion of solid metals to nanoparticles is demonstrated and various applications are proposed.

Jerby, E.; Golts, A.; Shamir, Y.; Wonde, S.; Ashkenazi, D.; Eliaz, N. [Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel); Mitchell, J. B. A.; LeGarrec, J. L. [IPR., U.M.R. No. 6251 du C.N.R.S., Universite de Rennes I, 35042 Rennes (France); Narayanan, T.; Sztucki, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP-220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Barkay, Z. [Wolfson Applied Materials Research Center, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

476

A local scheme accounting for EPR quantum correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model for two entangled systems in an EPR setting is shown to reproduce the quantum-mechanical outcomes and expectation values. Each system is represented by a small sphere containing a point-like particle embedded in a field. A quantum state appears as an equivalence class of several possible particle-field configurations. Contrarily to Bell-type hidden variables models, the fields account for the non-commutative aspects of the measurements and deny the simultaneous reality of incompatible physical quantities, thereby allowing to escape EPR's "completeness or locality" dilemma.

A. Matzkin

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

477

System and method for bullet tracking and shooter localization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of processing infrared imagery to determine projectile trajectories and the locations of shooters with a high degree of accuracy. The method includes image processing infrared image data to reduce noise and identify streak-shaped image features, using a Kalman filter to estimate optimal projectile trajectories, updating the Kalman filter with new image data, determining projectile source locations by solving a combinatorial least-squares solution for all optimal projectile trajectories, and displaying all of the projectile source locations. Such a shooter-localization system is of great interest for military and law enforcement applications to determine sniper locations, especially in urban combat scenarios.

Roberts, Randy S. (Livermore, CA); Breitfeller, Eric F. (Dublin, CA)

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Rituels aux divinites locales de Kheng 'Bu li (Bhoutan central)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'ai reçu beaucoup de donations en nature".18Padma gling pa ne mentionne donc pas dans sa biographie qu'il a "ouvertla porte" de 'Bu li, pays caché (sbas yul) comme le veut la tradition locale. Or,s'il avait accompli une action aussi prestigieuse... lha de 'Bu li29 et est mariée au btsan (skyeslha). Tous les villageois doivent être propres et sans pollution (grib), ce quiexclut les femmes en période de menstruations et les personnes ayant eu undécès dans leur maison. Ce lac est en fait le bla...

Pommaret, Françoise

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A local infrared perspective to deeper ISO surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new techniques to produce IRAS 12 micron samples of galaxies and stars. We show that previous IRAS 12 micron samples are incompatible for detailed comparison with ISO surveys and review their problems. We provide a stellar infrared diagnostic diagram to distinguish galaxies from stars without using longer wavelength IRAS colour criteria and produce complete 12 micron samples of galaxies and stars. This new technique allows us to estimate the contribution of non-dusty galaxies to the IRAS 12 micron counts and produce a true local mid-infrared extragalactic sample compatible with ISO surveys. We present our initial analysis and results.

D. M. Alexander; H. Aussel

2000-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

480

Binaural Phase Difference as a Factor in Sound Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

might be l o ca l i zed by binaural aaleot ion and intensity re la t i on of overtones (3) w i l l be considered later. The slight difference in intensity of a sound of 128 ribrations per second or less at the two ears is due to the absence... the tuning forks is held i3 moved from one extreme pos i t ion to the other. For, a lead of 180° <+ f at the l e f t ear is of course a lead of 6 at the right ear, so that we should expect the localization to sh i f t from one side to the other...

Brown, Carl Richards

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "local distributors local" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

LOCAL MEASUREMENTS OF TEARING MODE FLOWS AND THE MHD DYNAMO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample Environment: Magnet and6ledp/5826LM SitesLOCAL

482

Local Awards for Energy Emergency Preparation | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen toLeveragingLindsey Geisler AboutEnergy1,400Local

483

Employees give to local food bank | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ Contract ESPCElectricalofVoltageEmployeeEmployees give to local

484

State/Local Government Project Performance Benchmarks | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage » SearchEnergyDepartmentScopingOverview *AgencyPlan |Energy State/Local

485

Innovative local manufacturer brings jobs to Rio Arriba County  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared Land Surface Emissivity in theSurface.Innovative local manufacturer

486

Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium layered double  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and Multi-FractalLocalhydroxides

487

Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade (Inside Business) |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations and

488

Six Local Teens Win Jefferson Lab Summer Externships | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)SharingTiO2(110). | EMSL Imaging ofInnovation |SixSixLocal

489

IBEW Local 103 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:PhotonHolyName HousingIIIDrive Ltd Jump to:Al.,HywindIBEW Local

490

Radially Localized Measurements of Superthermal Electrons Using Oblique Electron Cyclotron Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radially Localized Measurements of Superthermal Electrons Using Oblique Electron Cyclotron Emission Cyclotron Emission from superthermalelectrons can be imposed by observationof emission upshiftedfrom of the fast electron distribution. It is found that radially localized emission from superthermal electrons

491

T-671: Red Hat system-config-firewall Lets Local Users Gain Root...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1: Red Hat system-config-firewall Lets Local Users Gain Root Privileges T-671: Red Hat system-config-firewall Lets Local Users Gain Root Privileges July 19, 2011 - 2:42pm Addthis...

492

Bootstrap multiscale analysis and localization for multi-particle continuous Anderson Hamiltonians  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the bootstrap multiscale analysis developed by Germinet and Klein to the multi-particle continuous Anderson Hamiltonian, obtaining Anderson localization with finite multiplicity of eigenvalues, decay of eigenfunction correlations, and a strong form of dynamical localization.

Abel Klein; Son Nguyen

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Investigation of Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite Membranes used in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries. Investigation of Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite Membranes used in Vanadium...

494

Motivating communities to shop locally : implications of ethical behavior marketing for independent businesses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local independent businesses are critical to the economic health and quality of life of communities. This thesis examines whether marketing can motivate people to consciously and reliably support local independent businesses ...

Kilmer-Neel, Erin B. (Erin Blythe), 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

T-721:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password Hashes T-721:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password Hashes September 20, 2011 - 8:45am...

496

Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments, (Revised) August 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE has developed this guide to help local governments design and implement local solar plans. This guide includes examples and models tested in cities. Many of the examples are results of DOE's Solar America Cities Program.

Not Available

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Locality-oblivious cache organization leveraging single-cycle multi-hop NoCs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Locality has always been a critical factor in on-chip data placement on CMPs as accessing further-away caches has in the past been more costly than accessing nearby ones. Substantial research on locality-aware designs have ...

Krishna, Tushar

498

Local Board of Health Guide to On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Board of Health Guide to On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems ©2006 National Association Side of Cover and is Blank #12;Local Board of Health Guide to On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems............................................................................................................. 9 WHAT IS WASTEWATER

499

V-141: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bug Lets Local Users Deny Service V-098: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local Users Deny Service U-036: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

500

A laboratory study of localized boundary mixing in a rotating stratified fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oceanic observations indicate that abyssal mixing is localized in regions of rough topography. How locally mixed fluid interacts with the ambient fluid is an open question. Laboratory experiments explore the interaction ...

Wells, Judith R. (Judith Roberta)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z