National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for lloydminster ecuadorian oriente

  1. Pyramidal Ownership in Ecuadorian Business Groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granda Kuffo, Maria L.

    2010-01-16

    INTRODUCTION??........................................................................ 1 II LITERATURE REVIEW..................................................................... 8 III DATA AND BACKGROUND............................................................... 17 Ecuadorian business groups ........................................................... 17 Data and statistics........................................................................... 20 IV THE TUNNELING HYPOTHESIS...

  2. Houses in Heaven are made of steel : understanding change in Ecuadorian amazon Secoya structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arboleda, Gabriel

    2005-01-01

    This thesis explores the change in the building structures of a Northeastern Ecuadorian group, the Secoya of the Aguarico River. In the context of environmental activism and cultural survival there are many reasons to ...

  3. Fertility Determinants on the Frontier: Longitudinal Evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    . Carr2 (david_carr@unc.edu) and William Pan3 (wpan@bios.unc.edu) Association of American Geographers1 Fertility Determinants on the Frontier: Longitudinal Evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon1 David L, childbearing postponement and child spacing (Davis 1963; United Nations 1987; Warren 1987). 1 Carr and Pan

  4. Migration Within the Frontier: The Second Generation Colonization in the Ecuadorian Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Migration Within the Frontier: The Second Generation Colonization in the Ecuadorian Amazon Alisson the 1970s, migration to the Amazon has led to a growing human presence and resulting dramatic changes contributing to further changes in land use via rural­rural migration to establish new farms and others

  5. Abstract This paper examines farm and household characteristics associated with a rapid fertility decline in a forest frontier of the Ecuadorian Amazon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -mail: david_carr@unc.edu W. K. Y. Pan Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins University on the frontier: the Ecuadorian Amazon David L. Carr Æ William K. Y. Pan Æ Richard E. Bilsborrow Received: 12 that is traditionally D. L. Carr (&) Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93103, USA e

  6. Foreword: Orienting Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Göktürk, Deniz; Baer, Nicholas

    2012-01-01

    Orienting Europe The following bookemerged from “Orienting Europe,” a graduate seminar led byanalyzed constructions of Europe in moving-image media, with

  7. Passive orientation apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spletzer, Barry L. (Albuquerque, NM); Fischer, Gary J. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus that can return a payload to a known orientation after unknown motion, without requiring external power or complex mechanical systems. The apparatus comprises a faceted cage that causes the system to rest in a stable position and orientation after arbitrary motion. A gimbal is mounted with the faceted cage and holds the payload, allowing the payload to move relative to the stable faceted cage. The payload is thereby placed in a known orientation by the interaction of gravity with the geometry of the faceted cage, the mass of the system, and the motion of the payload and gimbal. No additional energy, control, or mechanical actuation is required. The apparatus is suitable for use in applications requiring positioning of a payload to a known orientation after arbitrary or uncontrolled motion, including remote sensing and mobile robot applications.

  8. ORIENTATION RELATIONSHIPS IN PRECIPITATION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahmen, U.

    2013-01-01

    ORIENTATION RELATIONSHIPS IN PRECIPITATION SYSTEMS U. DahmenOrientation Relationships in Precipitation Systems U. Dahmenorientation relationships in precipitation systems b~c/hcp a

  9. Orientation Parking Student Parking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Paul R.

    Orientation Parking Student Parking: The Student Parking Lot is located on the corner of Lockland Bridge, take the 1st left turn on to Lockland Avenue. The Student Parking Lot entrance on to Lockland Avenue (before I-40 Bridge). The Student Parking Lot entrance will be on the right. Once you have

  10. Computing Facilities Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Computing Facilities Orientation September, 2014 #12;Introductions Jason Simpson ­ Manager Computing Facilities Use Policy The Computing facilities are a shared resource for all Bren MESM students Respect the work environment of other students Protect the computer equipment and resources provided You

  11. Geography MA Program Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mower, James E.

    Geography MA Program Orientation Department of Geography and Planning University at Albany #12; 36/thesis #12;Specialization Tracks Human Geography Physical Geography Geographic Information Systems See of Geography and Planning faculty #12;The Comprehensive Exam The "comps" are often given near the end

  12. Curriculum Orientations of Virtual Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singleton, Nicole Y.

    2013-08-31

    This study explored the curriculum orientation preferences of K-12 public school teachers who provided instruction in virtual settings (n=47) in a midwestern state. Curriculum orientations were explored using a mixed-methods design. Quantitative...

  13. Goal-oriented hardware design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chau, Man Ping Grace

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents Fide, a hardware design system that uses Goal-oriented programming. Goal-oriented programming is a programming framework to specify open-ended decision logic. This approach relies on two fundamental ...

  14. Orientation dependence of Casimir forces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emig, T. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, Universite Paris-Sud, CNRS UMR 8626, 91405 Orsay (France); Graham, N. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Jaffe, R. L. [Department of Physics, Center for Theoretical Physics, and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Kardar, M. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2009-05-15

    The Casimir interaction between two objects, or between an object and a plane, depends on their relative orientations. We make these angular dependences explicit by considering prolate or oblate spheroids. The variation with orientation is calculated exactly at asymptotically large distances for the electromagnetic field and at arbitrary separations for a scalar field. For a spheroid in front of a mirror, the leading term is orientation independent, and we find the optimal orientation from computations at higher order.

  15. Orientation filtering for crystalline films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Henry I. (Sudbury, MA); Atwater, Harry A. (Somerville, MA); Thompson, Carl V. (Watertown, MA); Geis, Michael W. (Acton, MA)

    1986-12-30

    A substrate is coated with a film to be recrystallized. A pattern of crystallization barriers is created in the film, for example, by etching voids in the film. An encapsulation layer is generally applied to protect the film, fill the voids and otherwise enhance a recrystallization process. Recrystallization is carried out such that certain orientations pass preferentially through the barrier, generally as a result of growth-velocity anisotropy. The result is a film of a specific predetermined crystallographic orientation, a range of orientations or a set of discrete orientations.

  16. Bird orientation: compensation for wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorup, Kasper

    Bird orientation: compensation for wind drift in migrating raptors is age dependent Kasper Thorup1 14.04.03 Despite the potentially strong effect of wind on bird orientation, our understanding of how wind drift affects migrating birds is still very limited. Using data from satellite-based radio

  17. Device Oriented Project Controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalesio, Leo; Kraimer, Martin

    2013-11-20

    This proposal is directed at the issue of developing control systems for very large HEP projects. A de-facto standard in accelerator control is the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), which has been applied successfully to many physics projects. EPICS is a channel based system that requires that each channel of each device be configured and controlled. In Phase I, the feasibility of a device oriented extension to the distributed channel database was demonstrated by prototyping a device aware version of an EPICS I/O controller that functions with the current version of the channel access communication protocol. Extensions have been made to the grammar to define the database. Only a multi-stage position controller with limit switches was developed in the demonstration, but the grammar should support a full range of functional record types. In phase II, a full set of record types will be developed to support all existing record types, a set of process control functions for closed loop control, and support for experimental beam line control. A tool to configure these records will be developed. A communication protocol will be developed or extensions will be made to Channel Access to support introspection of components of a device. Performance bench marks will be made on both communication protocol and the database. After these records and performance tests are under way, a second of the grammar will be undertaken.

  18. Freely oriented portable superconducting magnet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmierer, Eric N. (Los Alamos, NM); Prenger, F. Coyne (Los Alamos, NM); Hill, Dallas D. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2010-01-12

    A freely oriented portable superconducting magnet is disclosed. Coolant is supplied to the superconducting magnet from a repository separate from the magnet, enabling portability of the magnet. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the magnet within a thermal shield. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the thermal shield within a vacuum vessel. The support assemblies restrain movement of the magnet resulting from energizing and cooldown, as well as from changes in orientation, enabling the magnet to be freely orientable.

  19. Position and orientation tracking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burks, Barry L. (Oak Ridge, TN); DePiero, Fred W. (Knoxville, TN); Armstrong, Gary A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN); Muller, Richard C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gee, Timothy F. (Riceville, TN)

    1998-01-01

    A position and orientation tracking system presents a laser scanning appaus having two measurement pods, a control station, and a detector array. The measurement pods can be mounted in the dome of a radioactive waste storage silo. Each measurement pod includes dual orthogonal laser scanner subsystems. The first laser scanner subsystem is oriented to emit a first line laser in the pan direction. The second laser scanner is oriented to emit a second line laser in the tilt direction. Both emitted line lasers scan planes across the radioactive waste surface to encounter the detector array mounted on a target robotic vehicle. The angles of incidence of the planes with the detector array are recorded by the control station. Combining measurements describing each of the four planes provides data for a closed form solution of the algebraic transform describing the position and orientation of the target robotic vehicle.

  20. Position and orientation tracking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burks, B.L.; DePiero, F.W.; Armstrong, G.A.; Jansen, J.F.; Muller, R.C.; Gee, T.F.

    1998-05-05

    A position and orientation tracking system presents a laser scanning apparatus having two measurement pods, a control station, and a detector array. The measurement pods can be mounted in the dome of a radioactive waste storage silo. Each measurement pod includes dual orthogonal laser scanner subsystems. The first laser scanner subsystem is oriented to emit a first line laser in the pan direction. The second laser scanner is oriented to emit a second line laser in the tilt direction. Both emitted line lasers scan planes across the radioactive waste surface to encounter the detector array mounted on a target robotic vehicle. The angles of incidence of the planes with the detector array are recorded by the control station. Combining measurements describing each of the four planes provides data for a closed form solution of the algebraic transform describing the position and orientation of the target robotic vehicle. 14 figs.

  1. Biomedical Sciences Orientation Autumn 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, Sharon Lafferty

    Biomedical Sciences Orientation Autumn 2014 Diana Louden ­ dknl@uw.edu 206-221-3480 ­ libguides & Humanities, Biological Structure, Biomedical Informatics & Medical Education, Genome Sciences, Immunology databases, electronic journals & books, help guides, news about resources & services, and the Biomedical

  2. Unmediated data-oriented generation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran, Dave

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes the development of a system of Data-Oriented Generation (DOG) wherein noun-phrases are produced as descriptions of simple visual stimuli. This is work towards a broader goal of developing a ...

  3. MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gaston, Derek

    2014-05-30

    An overview of Idaho National Laboratory's MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

  4. Nonlocal actin orientation models select for a unique orientation pattern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Smith; Jian Liu

    2013-10-31

    Many models have been developed to study the role of branching actin networks in motility. One important component of those models is the distribution of filament orientations relative to the cell membrane. Two mean-field models previously proposed are generalized and analyzed. In particular, we find that both models uniquely select for a dominant orientation pattern. In the linear case, the pattern is the eigenfunction associated with the principal eigenvalue. In the nonlinear case, we show there exists a unique equilibrium and that the equilibrium is locally stable. Approximate techniques are then used to provide evidence for global stability.

  5. All-Optical Molecular Orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oda, Keita; Hita, Masafumi; Minemoto, Shinichirou; Sakai, Hirofumi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2010-05-28

    We report clear evidence of all-optical orientation of carbonyl sulfide molecules with an intense nonresonant two-color laser field in the adiabatic regime. The technique relies on the combined effects of anisotropic hyperpolarizability interaction and anisotropic polarizability interaction and does not rely on the permanent dipole interaction with an electrostatic field. It is demonstrated that the molecular orientation can be controlled simply by changing the relative phase between the two wavelength fields. The present technique brings researchers a new steering tool of gaseous molecules and will be quite useful in various fields such as electronic stereodynamics in molecules and ultrafast molecular imaging.

  6. Student Orientation Guide General Psychology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Student Orientation Guide PSYC W1 General Psychology June 22-August 14, 2015 Summer Session Online to Psychology (Cengage, 10th ed., 2014), by James W. Kalat · Be sure to purchase the Kalat book, and be sure to purchase the 10th edition; other sections of Psychology 1 and 2 may use different texts · ISBN-10

  7. Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics & Engineering Orientation Evening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehlau, David

    Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics & Engineering Orientation Evening Thursday, January 29, 2015 WELCOME! #12;Mathematics & Engineering Orientation Program Thursday, January 29, 2015 1. Program Presentation · Welcome · What is Mathematics & Engineering ? · Why Mathematics & Engineering ? · Program

  8. Homemaker Orientation Related to Marketing. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stubbs, Alice

    1965-01-01

    basic be- havioral characteristics which relate to her marketing behavior. For convenience these behavior characteristics have been termed "orientation of the homemaker." Three major types may be expected. They are 1) the homemaker who buys from... habit, 2) the homemaker who rationalizes and 3) the one who buys on impulse. In order to group the homemakers in the study, questions were designed that would reflect basic behavior. In each set of data 14 percent of the homemakers were classed...

  9. Patterns of Service-Oriented Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdun, Uwe

    Patterns of Service-Oriented Architecture Uwe Zdun Email: zdun@infosys.tuwien.ac.at, zdun-Oriented Architecture 1 #12;Agenda · Service-oriented architectures (SOA) · Patterns and pattern languages · Basic service architecture · SOA layers and basic remoting architecture · SOA variation points and adaptation

  10. Superconducting magnet for nuclei orientation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Fa-Chung

    1968-01-01

    hyperfine coupling (hfs) of the form I S between the nuclear spin and. the electron spin. In this method. , one applies only a sufficient external f1eld (H/T ~ 10 Oe/ K) on a paramagnet1c crystal to polarize the electron spin, which in turn orient... the nuclear spin through hfs. Th1s method thus requires three things: a sufficiently large external magnetic f1eld, a very low temperature, and. a paramagnetic orystal with strong hyperiine coupling. The first sample we choose 1s an holm1um (Ho ) 165...

  11. Object-oriented concurrent programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yonezawa, A.; Tokoro, M.

    1986-01-01

    This book deals with a major theme of the Japanese Fifth Generation Project, which emphasizes logic programming, parallelism, and distributed systems. It presents a collection of tutorials and research papers on a new programming and design methodology in which the system to be constructed is modeled as a collection of abstract entities called ''objects'' and concurrent messages passing among objects. The book includes proposals for programming languages that support this methodology, as well as the applications of object-oriented concurrent programming to such areas as artificial intelligence, software engineering, music synthesis, office information systems, and system programming.

  12. ARM Orientation: Overview and History

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation Data Management Facility009 ARM Orientation 1 Warren Wiscombe

  13. Efficient Algebraic Representations for Throughput-Oriented Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinlay, Christopher E.

    2013-01-01

    Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Throughput-Oriented Algorithm Design Multilinear

  14. Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Finkikoglu, Alp T. (Los Alamos, NM); Matias, Vladimir (Santa Fe, NM)

    2009-10-13

    A flexible polymer-based template having a biaxially oriented film grown on the surface of a polymeric substrate. The template having the biaxially oriented film can be used for further epitaxial growth of films of interest for applications such as photovoltaic cells, light emitting diodes, and the like. Methods of forming such a flexible template and providing the polymeric substrate with a biaxially oriented film deposited thereon are also described.

  15. RCRA orientation manual, 1990 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clay, D.R.

    1990-01-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the manual to provide introductory information on the solid and hazardous waste management programs under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The manual outlines the basic framework of the regulatory program for new EPA and State employees, those persons new to RCRA assignments, and others interested in the Act. The manual is not, however, meant to replace in-depth analysis of the statute and its associated regulations and Agency guidance. The manual is an update of the original RCRA Orientation Manual issued in 1986. Revisions contained in the update reflect the many regulatory changes that have resulted from both the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984 and the Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988 (RCRA Subtitle J).

  16. Better Buildings Residential Network Orientation Webinar Call...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Orientation Webinar Call Slides and Summary September 11, 2014 Agenda Call Logistics and Introductions Opening Polls Better Buildings Residential Network Presentation...

  17. Better Buildings Residential Network (BBRN) Orientation Call...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (BBRN) Orientation Call Slides and Summary March 27, 2014 Agenda Call Logistics and Introductions Opening Polls Better Buildings Residential Network Presentation ...

  18. I:\\Orientation\\Emergency Prepardeness\\2012 07 18 Orientation To The Emergency Color Codes.Docx Page 1 Orientation to the Emergency Color Codes, Edmonton Clinic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    handlers will shut down and staffI:\\Orientation\\Emergency Prepardeness\\2012 07 18 Orientation To The Emergency Color Codes.Docx Page 1 Orientation to the Emergency Color Codes, Edmonton Clinic Code Blue (cardiac/respiratory arrest

  19. Grid Orientations, (d, d + 2)-Polytopes and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felsner, Stefan

    the grid orientation can be read off a planar arrangement of red and blue lines. If f is an abstractGrid Orientations, (d, d + 2)-Polytopes and Arrangements of Pseudolines Stefan Felsner Institut f of linear programs on simple d-polytopes with d + 2 facets. These can be encoded by admissible grid

  20. Optical orientation of holes in strained nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Averkiev, N. S.; Sablina, N. I.

    2008-03-15

    A theory describing the optical orientation and Hanle effect for holes in quantum wells or quantum dots based on cubic semiconductors is developed. It is demonstrated that the presence of internal or external strain in quantum-confinement heterostructures leads to the dependence of the Hanle effect on the orientation of the magnetic field with respect to the heterostructure growth axis.

  1. Processing and thermal properties of molecularly oriented polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skow, Erik (Erik Dean)

    2007-01-01

    High molecular weight polymers that are linear in molecular construction can be oriented such that some of their physical properties in the oriented direction are enhanced. For over 50 years polymer orientation and processing ...

  2. 1New Students Orientation Campus Health & Wellbeing Health Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    1New Students Orientation ­ Campus Health & Wellbeing University Health Services Campus Health & Wellbeing 2New Students Orientation ­ Campus Health & Wellbeing University Health Services (UHS) UMass (HPV, MMR, etc...) Sports Medicine 9New Students Orientation ­ Campus Health & Wellbeing UHS also

  3. A theory of goal-oriented communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    We put forward a general theory of goal-oriented communication, where communication is not an end in itself, but rather a means to achieving some goals of the communicating parties. Focusing on goals provides a framework ...

  4. Optimal orientation in branched cytoskeletal networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Quint; J. M. Schwarz

    2011-02-22

    Actin cytoskeletal protrusions in crawling cells, or lamellipodia, exhibit various morphological properties such as two characteristic peaks in the distribution of filament orientation with respect to the leading edge. To understand these properties, using the dendritic nucleation model as a basis for cytoskeletal restructuring, a kinetic-population model with orientational-dependent branching (birth) and capping (death) is constructed and analyzed. Optimizing for growth yields a relation between the branch angle and filament orientation that explains the two characteristic peaks. The model also exhibits a subdominant population that allows for more accurate modeling of recent measurements of filamentous actin density along the leading edge of lamellipodia in keratocytes. Finally, we explore the relationship between orientational and spatial organization of filamentous actin in lamellipodia and address recent observations of a prevalence of overlapping filaments to branched filaments---a finding that is claimed to be in contradiction with the dendritic nucleation model.

  5. User-Oriented Modeling Tools for Advanced Hybrid and Climate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    User-Oriented Modeling Tools for Advanced Hybrid and Climate-Appropriate Rooftop Air Conditioners User-Oriented Modeling Tools for Advanced Hybrid and Climate-Appropriate Rooftop...

  6. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation: A Hong Kong Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Holning; Stotzer, Rebecca L.

    2010-01-01

    M. V. L. (2006). Discrimination based on sexual orientation:of economics and discrimination (pp. 161–186). UnitedEds. ), Sexual orientation discrimination: An international

  7. The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells Print Monday, 28...

  8. Residual orientation in micro-injection molded parts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Healy, John; Edward, Graham H.; Knott, Robert B. (Monash); (ANSTO)

    2008-06-30

    The residual orientation following micro-injection molding of small rectangular plates with linear polyethylene has been examined using small-angle neutron scattering, and small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering. The effect of changing the molding conditions has been examined, and the residual chain orientation has been compared to the residual orientation of the crystallites as a function of position in the sample. This study has found that, for micromoldings, the orientation of the crystallites decreases with increasing injection speed and increasing mold thickness. The combined data suggest that the majority of the orientation present comes from oriented crystal growth rather than residual chain orientation.

  9. The State, Corporations and Oil: Exploring the Manifestations of Sovereignty through the development of the Petroleum Industry in Ecuador since 1972 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateos Rodríguez, Pablo

    In 1972, oil was first produced in the Ecuadorian Amazon region of el Oriente. This region, sparsely populated by indigenous communities, was found to contain the largest oil reserves in Ecuador. That same year, Ecuador witnessed a military coup...

  10. Chronique Histoire d'orientation 13. Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    Chronique Histoire d'orientation Nota Bene 13. Motivation Service de psychologie et d fin du baccalauréat : à la recherche de la motivation perdue 2. La motivation aux études 3. Le dernier sprint : comment resté motivé en fin de session? 4. Le spleen de la session d'été 5. Motivation ou

  11. Injection Molding Injection Molding Orientation and Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    ­ 2 degreestypically 0 2 degrees ­ so the part breaks contact with mold all at once, rather than ejection pin area should be used ­ so the parts don't break · Simplify molds ­ reduce costsreduce costsInjection Molding ­Injection Molding Orientation and Design R lRules ver. 1 1ME 6222: Manufacturing

  12. 8 THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE The Epigraphic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherer, Norbert F.

    Coptic Easter and the Egyptian national spring holiday. Organized to introduce Egyptian and American businessmen and their families living in Cairo to the im- portant role played by the Epi- graphic Survey came to our library repre- sented some 80 institutions located in 20 countries. From the Oriental

  13. Integrated Pedestrian Classification and Orientation Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    Integrated Pedestrian Classification and Orientation Estimation Markus Enzweiler1 Dariu M. Gavrila2, The Netherlands Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to single-frame pedestrian classification) in a Bayesian fashion. This mixture-of-experts formulation approximates the probability density of pedestrian

  14. CONSUMPTION ORIENTED FREE CAPITALISM Qiudong Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Quidong

    CONSUMPTION ORIENTED FREE CAPITALISM Qiudong Wang The following pages are divided into two parts time-tested means of material production for subsistence. Life is a game of self-preservation in which, the first principle of individual human behavior is the principle of self-interest. Individuals, however

  15. Library Resources New Graduate Student Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Library Resources and Services New Graduate Student Orientation Stony Brook University Libraries Fall, 2008 Janet H. Clarke, Instruction Program #12;Research Resources The library's home page: stonybrook.edu/library/ Our holdings include: · 2 million volumes · 53,600+ e-journals · 300+ online

  16. http://wdrs.fnal.gov/orientation/checklist.pdf DEPARTMENT ORIENTATION CHECKLIST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    , WHEN, AND WHERE? MEET WITH MANAGER STAFF NAME Manager greets employee at new hire orientation, cafeteria/vending, mail station, employee refrigerators/microwaves) Location of Supplies and how and media used Documentation plans or specifications Project Checklists Directory

  17. An object-oriented framework to organize genomic data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Ning

    2009-05-15

    interface. A genome object-oriented framework (GOOF) was proposed with object-oriented Java technology and is independent of any database system. This framework seamlessly links the database system and web presentation components. The data models of GOOF...

  18. SAF 114O Laser Safety Orientation Training | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SAF 114O Laser Safety Orientation Training For staff and students: Course: SAF 114O Laser Safety Orientation Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2015 Time: 10:30 - noon Location: CEBAF Center,...

  19. Controlled placement and orientation of nanostructures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alex K; Yuzvinsky, Thomas D; Fennimore, Adam M

    2014-04-08

    A method for controlled deposition and orientation of molecular sized nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) on substrates is disclosed. The method comprised: forming a thin layer of polymer coating on a substrate; exposing a selected portion of the thin layer of polymer to alter a selected portion of the thin layer of polymer; forming a suspension of nanostructures in a solvent, wherein the solvent suspends the nanostructures and activates the nanostructures in the solvent for deposition; and flowing a suspension of nanostructures across the layer of polymer in a flow direction; thereby: depositing a nanostructure in the suspension of nanostructures only to the selected portion of the thin layer of polymer coating on the substrate to form a deposited nanostructure oriented in the flow direction. By selectively employing portions of the method above, complex NEMS may be built of simpler NEMSs components.

  20. Building sustainable ecosystem-oriented architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassil, Youssef

    2012-01-01

    Currently, organizations are transforming their business processes into e-services and service-oriented architectures to improve coordination across sales, marketing, and partner channels, to build flexible and scalable systems, and to reduce integration-related maintenance and development costs. However, this new paradigm is still fragile and lacks many features crucial for building sustainable and progressive computing infrastructures able to rapidly respond and adapt to the always-changing market and environmental business. This paper proposes a novel framework for building sustainable Ecosystem- Oriented Architectures (EOA) using e-service models. The backbone of this framework is an ecosystem layer comprising several computing units whose aim is to deliver universal interoperability, transparent communication, automated management, self-integration, self-adaptation, and security to all the interconnected services, components, and devices in the ecosystem. Overall, the proposed model seeks to deliver a co...

  1. Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture for Cargo Monitoring Martin..........................................................................................................5 E. Globus - Open Grid Services Architecture

  2. Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    California Energy Commission; Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Mathew, Paul; Piette, Mary Ann; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

    2008-02-13

    Most energy benchmarking tools provide static feedback on how one building compares to a larger set of loosely similar buildings, without providing information at the end-use level or on what can be done to reduce consumption, cost, or emissions. In this article--Part 1 of a two-part series--we describe an 'action-oriented benchmarking' approach, which extends whole-building energy benchmarking to include analysis of system and component energy use metrics and features. Action-oriented benchmarking thereby allows users to generate more meaningful metrics and to identify, screen and prioritize potential efficiency improvements. This opportunity assessment process can then be used to inform and optimize a full-scale audit or commissioning process. We introduce a new web-based action-oriented benchmarking system and associated software tool-EnergyIQ. The benchmarking methods, visualizations, and user interface design are informed by an end-user needs assessment survey and best-practice guidelines from ASHRAE.

  3. Oriented Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jun; Cao, Guozhong H.; Yang, Zhenguo; Wang, Donghai; DuBois, Daniel L.; Zhou, Xiao Dong; Graff, Gordon L.; Pederson, Larry R.; Zhang, Jiguang

    2008-08-28

    Recently the role of nanostructured materials in addressing the challenges in energy and natural resources has attracted wide attention. In particular, oriented nanostructures have demonstrated promising properties for energy harvesting, conversion and storage. The purpose of the paper is to review the synthesis and application of oriented nanostructures in a few key areas of energy technologies, namely photovoltaics, batteries, supercapacitors and thermoelectrics. Although the applications differ from field to field, one of the fundamental challenges is to improve the generation and transport of electrons and ions. We will first briefly review the several major approaches to attain oriented nanostructured films that are applicable for energy applications. We will then discuss how such controlled nanostructures can be used in photovoltaics, batteries, capacitors, thermoelectrics, and other unconventional ways of energy conversion. We will highlight the role of high surface area to maximize the surface activity, and the importance of optimum dimension and architecture, controlled pore channels and alignment of the nanocrystalline phase to optimize the electrons and ion transport. Finally, the paper will discuss the challenges in attaining integrated architectures to achieve the desired performance. Brief background information will be provided for the relevant technologies, but the emphasis is focused mainly on the nanoeffects of mostly inorganic based materials and devices.

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomerie, Bob

    ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun Roslyn Dakin & Robert on male orientation relative to the position of the sun. During the "wing-shaking" display, females were generally behind the displaying male, and male orientation with respect to the position of the sun

  5. A Framework for Object Oriented Hardware Specification, Verification, and Synthesis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

    A Framework for Object Oriented Hardware Specification, Verification, and Synthesis* T. Kuhn, T of hardware. For this purpose the object oriented language `e' is introduced along with a powerful run Object oriented hardware modeling, verification, high-level synthesis. 1. INTRODUCTION The ever

  6. Biomimetic processing of oriented crystalline ceramic layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cesarano, J.; Shelnutt, J.A.

    1997-10-01

    The aim of this project was to develop the capabilities for Sandia to fabricate self assembled Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of various materials and to exploit their two-dimensional crystalline structure to promote the growth of oriented thin films of inorganic materials at room temperature. This includes the design and synthesis of Langmuir-active (amphiphilic) organic molecules with end groups offering high nucleation potential for various ceramics. A longer range goal is that of understanding the underlying principles, making it feasible to use the techniques presented in this report to fabricate unique oriented films of various materials for electronic, sensor, and membrane applications. Therefore, whenever possible, work completed in this report was completed with the intention of addressing the fundamental phenomena underlying the growth of crystalline, inorganic films on template layers of highly organized organic molecules. This problem was inspired by biological processes, which often produce exquisitely engineered structures via templated growth on polymeric layers. Seashells, for example, exhibit great toughness owing to their fine brick-and-mortar structure that results from templated growth of calcium carbonate on top of layers of ordered organic proteins. A key goal in this work, therefore, is to demonstrate a positive correlation between the order and orientation of the template layer and that of the crystalline ceramic material grown upon it. The work completed was comprised of several parallel efforts that encompassed the entire spectrum of biomimetic growth from solution. Studies were completed on seashells and the mechanisms of growth for calcium carbonate. Studies were completed on the characterization of LB films and the capability developed for the in-house fabrication of these films. Standard films of fatty acids were studied as well as novel polypeptides and porphyrins that were synthesized.

  7. Microsoft Word - ISDAC_orientation_pkt.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OF PAGESpersonal CERTIFIED MAIL43 PART56ORIENTATION PACKAGE

  8. Determining orientation and direction of DNA sequences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goodwin, Edwin H. (Los Alamos, NM); Meyne, Julianne (Los Alamos, NM)

    2000-01-01

    Determining orientation and direction of DNA sequences. A method by which fluorescence in situ hybridization can be made strand specific is described. Cell cultures are grown in a medium containing a halogenated nucleotide. The analog is partially incorporated in one DNA strand of each chromatid. This substitution takes place in opposite strands of the two sister chromatids. After staining with the fluorescent DNA-binding dye Hoechst 33258, cells are exposed to long-wavelength ultraviolet light which results in numerous strand nicks. These nicks enable the substituted strand to be denatured and solubilized by heat, treatment with high or low pH aqueous solutions, or by immersing the strands in 2.times.SSC (0.3M NaCl+0.03M sodium citrate), to name three procedures. It is unnecessary to enzymatically digest the strands using Exo III or another exonuclease in order to excise and solubilize nucleotides starting at the sites of the nicks. The denaturing/solubilizing process removes most of the substituted strand while leaving the prereplication strand largely intact. Hybridization of a single-stranded probe of a tandem repeat arranged in a head-to-tail orientation will result in hybridization only to the chromatid with the complementary strand present.

  9. User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    comparative analysis of climate compatible development planning methodologies and tools Jump to: navigation, search Name User-orientated comparative analysis of climate...

  10. Why Do Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrick, Phyllis; Trapenberg Frick , Karen; Ragland, Davi

    2011-01-01

    available sources for BOD design elements. RECOMMENDATION Weand best practices of BOD design elements would be useful toelements comprise what we are calling “bicycle-oriented design” (

  11. DAME: a Web Oriented Infrastructure for Scientific Data Mining & Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longo, Giuseppe

    DAME: a Web Oriented Infrastructure for Scientific Data Mining & Exploration Massimo Bresciaa (DAta Mining & Exploration) is an innovative, general purpose, Web-based, VObs compliant, distributed

  12. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification computations cannot happen. 1 Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been

  13. Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity Development: Case studies from Ethiopia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Land...

  14. Why Do Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrick, Phyllis; Trapenberg Frick, Karen; Ragland, David R

    2011-01-01

    Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design? Phyllisof California, Berkeley ISSUE Bicycle infrastructure designhas largely emphasized bicycle lanes and paths, with little

  15. In-plane orientation effects on the electronic structure stability...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    effects on the electronic structure stability and Raman scattering of monolayer graphene on Ir(111). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: In-plane orientation effects...

  16. NEURObjects: an object-oriented library for neural network development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masulli, Francesco

    -Oriented (OO) program- ming (see, e.g., the libraries of the Timothy Masters's book [22]). Others needNEURObjects: an object-oriented library for neural network development Giorgio Valentini@disi.unige.it, masulli@disi.unige.it Abstract NEURObjects is a set of C++ library classes for neural network development

  17. An object-oriented library for systematic training and comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamprecht, Fred A.

    the classification quality. While we cannot obviate the need for classifier retraining, benchmarking and qualityAn object-oriented library for systematic training and comparison of classifiers for computer.kaster@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de Abstract. We present an object-oriented library for the systematic train- ing, testing and benchmarking

  18. Oriental Diction and Theme in English Verse, 1740-1840

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, Edna-Pearle

    1916-05-01

    , in Hoole's translation of Jerusalem Delivered, and in many a lesser poem of our period. The Cup is his nearest approach to an Oriental drama. In Akbar's Dream Tennyson shows less of the mystical and phantasmagoric quality associated with the Orient than...

  19. Object-oriented image analysis methods in disaster risk management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Object-oriented image analysis methods in disaster risk management Dr. Norman Kerle #12;2 Lecture-grouphttp://www.itc.nl/about_itc/resumes/kerle.aspx #12;6 Object-oriented analysis for disaster risk management DRM OOA Univ Innsbruck - 17 June 2013 @ ITC #12;4 ITC/University Twente Houses the United Nations University- ITC Centre for Spatial Analysis

  20. A Computer-Oriented System Assembling and Displaying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Computer-Oriented System for Assembling and Displaying Land Management Information Elliot L. A computer-oriented system for assembling and display- ing land management information. Berkeley, Calif and potential uses for the system and includes cost estimates. 582:U518;2 Amidon, Elliot L. 1964. A computer

  1. Strong RestrictedOrientation Convexity Eugene Fink # Derick Wood +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    Strong Restricted­Orientation Convexity Eugene Fink # Derick Wood + Abstract Strong restricted; Widmayer et al., 1987; Rawlins and Wood, 1987 ] , restricted­orientation convexity [ Rawlins, 1987; Rawlins and Wood, 1991; Schuierer, 1991 ] , NESW convexity [ Lipski and Papadimitriou, 1981; Soisalon

  2. A Change Management Framework for Service Oriented Enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Florian

    A Change Management Framework for Service Oriented Enterprises Salman Akram1 Athman Bouguettaya2@cs.rit.edu3 We propose a change management framework for Service-Oriented Enterprise (SOEs). We present, respectively. We propose an automatic change management framework that is based on the above Petri net models

  3. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba ()lveczky, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for different

  4. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification.In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification problem is presented computations cannot happen. 1 Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been

  5. An ObjectOriented Algebraic SteamBoiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object­Oriented Algebraic Steam­Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba Ë? Olveczky 1# , Piotr, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object­oriented algebraic solution of the steam­boiler specification Introduction The steam­boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for di

  6. TR02630894165 An Evaluation of ObjectOriented DBMS Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reverbel, Francisco

    TR­0263­08­94­165 An Evaluation of Object­Oriented DBMS Developments 1994 Edition Frank Manola relational DBMS technology were required to address the requirements of these applications. The first result of attempts to address these requirements was the development of the Object­Oriented DBMS (OODBMS). The OODBMS

  7. 11th International Workshop on Aspect-Oriented Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    This brief summary reports on the outcomes of the 11th International Aspect- Oriented Modeling Workshop of the discussion groups. Finally, section 5 concludes the report. #12;2 Overview to Aspect-Oriented Modeling Aspect.stein@icb.uni-due.de, cazzola@dico.unimi.it, oaldawud@lucent.com, elrad@iit.edu Abstract. This report summarizes the results

  8. XFCSR: a new software oriented stream cipher based upon FCSRs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    X­FCSR: a new software oriented stream cipher based upon FCSRs Fran�cois Arnault 1 , Thierry P]. In this paper, we will describe X­FCSR a family of software oriented stream cipher using FCSRs. The core for software applications (6.3 cycles/byte). Keywords: stream cipher, FCSRs, software design, cryptanalysis

  9. Object Oriented Hardware Synthesis and Verification T. Kuhn, T. Oppold,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

    Object Oriented Hardware Synthesis and Verification T. Kuhn, T. Oppold, C. Schulz-Key, M of hardware from object oriented specifications is presented. Our approach utilizes the e language that has been proven to be highly efficient for the verification of hardware. The e language is similar to Java

  10. RISO Orientation Worksheet 9-9-14/llb pg 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegner, Tracy N.

    RISO Orientation Worksheet 9-9-14/llb pg 1 2014 SY RISO Orientation Workshop Informational Sheet (RIOs) which at UH Hilo are Registered Independent Student Organizations (RISOs). Clubs are INDEPENDENT the following: RISOs are not directly supported financially through mandatory student activity fees. RISOs

  11. Service-Oriented Modelling of Automotive Systems Laura Bocchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulidowski, Irek

    Service-Oriented Modelling of Automotive Systems Laura Bocchi Department of Computer Science@di.fc.ul.pt ABSTRACT We discuss the suitability of service-oriented computing for the automotive domain. We present a formal high-level language in which complex automotive activities can be modelled in terms of core

  12. Oriented nanotube electrodes for lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, Arthur J.; Zhu, Kai; Wang, Qing

    2013-03-05

    An electrode having an oriented array of multiple nanotubes is disclosed. Individual nanotubes have a lengthwise inner pore defined by interior tube walls which extends at least partially through the length of the nanotube. The nanotubes of the array may be oriented according to any identifiable pattern. Also disclosed is a device featuring an electrode and methods of fabrication.

  13. Agent oriented fault detection, isolation and recovery and aspect-oriented plug-and-play tracking mechanism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Feilong

    2004-09-30

    explanation of the system's activity. In this research, we explore the use of an agent-oriented paradigm and Java technology for better performance of FDIR activity. Also, we have explored the use of explanation in agent-oriented systems, and designed a system...

  14. Energy-oriented models for WDM networks Abstract--A realistic energy-oriented model is necessary to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    [4]. Recent initiatives gathering major IT companies started to explore the energy savings and greenEnergy-oriented models for WDM networks Abstract-- A realistic energy-oriented model is necessary to formally characterize the energy consumption and the consequent carbon footprint of actual and future high

  15. Nonadiabatic molecular orientation by polarization-gated ultrashort laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Cheng; Wu Jian; Zeng Heping [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)

    2010-09-15

    We show that the nonadiabatic orientation of diatomic polar molecules can be controlled by polarization-gated ultrashort laser pulses. By finely adjusting the time interval between two circularly polarized pulses of different wavelengths but the same helicity, the orientation direction of the molecules can be twirled. A cloverlike potential is created by using two circularly polarized laser pulses of different wavelengths and opposite helicity, leading to multidirectional molecular orientation along the potential wells, which can be well revealed by a high-order statistics metric of <>.

  16. Orientation-dependent binding energy of graphene on palladium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kappes, Branden B.; Ebnonnasir, Abbas; Ciobanu, Cristian V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Kodambaka, Suneel [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

    2013-02-04

    Using density functional theory calculations, we show that the binding strength of a graphene monolayer on Pd(111) can vary between physisorption and chemisorption depending on its orientation. By studying the interfacial charge transfer, we have identified a specific four-atom carbon cluster that is responsible for the local bonding of graphene to Pd(111). The areal density of such clusters varies with the in-plane orientation of graphene, causing the binding energy to change accordingly. Similar investigations can also apply to other metal substrates and suggests that physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of graphene may be controlled by changing its orientation.

  17. Simultaneous orientation and thickness mapping in transmission electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyutyunnikov, Dmitry; Özdöl, V. Burak; Koch, Christoph T.

    2014-12-04

    In this paper we introduce an approach for simultaneous thickness and orientation mapping of crystalline samples by means of transmission electron microscopy. We show that local thickness and orientation values can be extracted from experimental dark-field (DF) image data acquired at different specimen tilts. The method has been implemented to automatically acquire the necessary data and then map thickness and crystal orientation for a given region of interest. We have applied this technique to a specimen prepared from a commercial semiconductor device, containing multiple 22 nm technology transistor structures. The performance and limitations of our method are discussed and compared to those of other techniques available.

  18. Simultaneous orientation and thickness mapping in transmission electron microscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tyutyunnikov, Dmitry; Özdöl, V. Burak; Koch, Christoph T.

    2014-12-04

    In this paper we introduce an approach for simultaneous thickness and orientation mapping of crystalline samples by means of transmission electron microscopy. We show that local thickness and orientation values can be extracted from experimental dark-field (DF) image data acquired at different specimen tilts. The method has been implemented to automatically acquire the necessary data and then map thickness and crystal orientation for a given region of interest. We have applied this technique to a specimen prepared from a commercial semiconductor device, containing multiple 22 nm technology transistor structures. The performance and limitations of our method are discussed and comparedmore »to those of other techniques available.« less

  19. A Programmer-Oriented Approach to Safe Concurrency Aaron Greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Programmer-Oriented Approach to Safe Concurrency Aaron Greenhouse May 2003 CMU-CS-03-135 Computer­Milwaukee Copyright c 2003 Aaron Greenhouse Effort sponsored in part through the High Dependability Computing Program

  20. A ProgrammerOriented Approach to Safe Concurrency Aaron Greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Programmer­Oriented Approach to Safe Concurrency Aaron Greenhouse May 2003 CMU­CS­03­135 Computer--Milwaukee Copyright c # 2003 Aaron Greenhouse Effort sponsored in part through the High Dependability Computing

  1. Wireless realtime motion tracking system using localised orientation estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Alexander D.

    2010-01-01

    A realtime wireless motion tracking system is developed. The system is capable of tracking the orientations of multiple wireless sensors, using a semi-distributed implementation to reduce network bandwidth and latency, ...

  2. A Framework for Real-Time Service-Oriented Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panahi, Mark; Nie, Weiran; Lin, Kwei-Jay

    2009-01-01

    in service-oriented architectures,” Journal of Service-the RT-Llama RT-SOA architecture. We present the performanceZ. Wang, and W. Weiss, An Architecture for Differentiated

  3. SAF 114O Laser Safety Orientation Training | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Safety Orientation (SAF114 O) training opportunity. Date: Friday, October 23 Time: 10:30 - noon Location: CEBAF Center Room A110 Read JLab EH&S Manual Chapter 6410 Laser...

  4. Optical proximity sensor and orientation control of autonomous, underwater robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano, Martin, Jr

    2014-01-01

    Autonomous mobile robots need a reliable means of navigation to reach their target while avoiding collisions. This requires continuous knowledge of the vehicle's position, orientation, and motion as well as a way to identify ...

  5. Building E-education platform for design-oriented learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Hai, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Design-oriented learning requires tools that support creative processes and student-to-student and student-to-faculty interactions. While most present E-Education systems perform as the asynchronous distribution channel ...

  6. Game semantics for an object-oriented language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolverson, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    This thesis investigates the relationship between object-oriented programming languages and game models of computation. These are intuitively well matched: an object encapsulates some internal state and presents some ...

  7. A multisensory observer model for human spatial orientation perception

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C. (Michael Charles)

    2009-01-01

    Quantitative "observer" models for spatial orientation and eye movements have been developed based on 1-G data from humans and animals (e.g. Oman 1982, 1991, Merfeld, et al 1993, 2002; Haslwanter 2000, Vingerhoets 2006). ...

  8. Analyzing aquifer driven reservoirs using a computer-oriented approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flumerfelt, Raymond William

    1996-01-01

    A new computer-oriented approach for analyzing aquifer driven reservoirs incorporates both geological and historical pressure data to determine original hydrocarbons-in-place and to forecast production. This new approach does not rely entirely...

  9. Export-Oriented Populism: Commodities and Coalitions in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Neal P.

    2009-01-01

    experience: Natural resource export structures and the255 DOI 10.1007/s12116-008-9037-5 Export-Oriented Populism:benefits for urban workers with export promotion, emerged in

  10. Student Orientation Guide Understanding Political Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Student Orientation Guide PS W145A Understanding Political Development in India June 22-August 14/Course Materials · Edward Luce, 2008. In Spite of the Gods: The Rise of Modern India. 2. Computer Requirements

  11. ES&H Orientation For Non-Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wastes and chemicals, radioactive materi- als, medical waste, and contaminated equipment must be managed regulations, state regulations, and Laboratory requirements for waste storage, characterization, and labelingES&H Orientation For Non-Construction Subcontractors, Vendors & Affiliates Environment, Health

  12. A training methodology for spatial orientation in spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckland, Daniel Aaron

    2006-01-01

    This thesis investigates a way to use virtual reality techniques to teach space vehicle inhabitants about the configuration of their craft so that their performance in orientation and spatial memory tasks is improved. An ...

  13. Compositional and analytic applications of automated music notation via object-oriented programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, Jeffrey Robert

    2013-01-01

    is Object- oriented Programming (OOP)? . . . . . . . 1.1.1Graphical Object-oriented Programming Systems . 1.3 DesignAdvantages of Declarative Programming”. In: Joint Conference

  14. Theory on Measuring Orientation with MEMS Accelerometers in a Centrifuge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beemer, Ryan D.; Murali, Madhuri; Biscontin, Giovanna; Aubeny, Charles

    2015-03-21

    , in brief, examples include: evaluation of MEMS accelerometers in dynamic centrifuge testing (Stringer et al. 2010), seismic evaluation of pile reinforced slopes (Al-Defae and Knappett 2014), and measurement of pile rotation (Lau et al. 2014). However... Eq. 13 Since the across is dependent on ?n and ?n is dependent on across an iterative process is required for calculating sensor orientation. DISCUSSION Basket Orientation It is possible for the basket to rotate and not be at ? from vertical...

  15. Quantitative orientational analysis of a polymeric material (Kevlar with x-ray microspectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the orientation of polymer surface molecules of technologically important polyimides films and the depen- dence

  16. Cloudbus Toolkit for Market-Oriented Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar; Vecchiola, Christian

    2009-01-01

    This keynote paper: (1) presents the 21st century vision of computing and identifies various IT paradigms promising to deliver computing as a utility; (2) defines the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds and computing atmosphere by leveraging technologies such as virtual machines; (3) provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain SLA-oriented resource allocation; (4) presents the work carried out as part of our new Cloud Computing initiative, called Cloudbus: (i) Aneka, a Platform as a Service software system containing SDK (Software Development Kit) for construction of Cloud applications and deployment on private or public Clouds, in addition to supporting market-oriented resource management; (ii) internetworking of Clouds for dynamic creation of federated computing environments for scaling of elastic applications; (iii) creation of 3rd party Cloud brokering services for building...

  17. Structure, diffusion and orientational freezing in lithium metasilicate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristian Balbuena; Carolina Brito; Daniel A. Stariolo

    2013-08-07

    We report on the dynamic and structural characterization of lithium metasilicate $Li_2SiO_3$, a network forming ionic glass, by means of molecular dynamics simulations. The system is characterized by a network of $SiO_4$ tetrahedra disrupted by $Li$ ions which diffuse through the network. Measures of mean square displacement of $Si$ and $O$ atoms allow us to identify a temperature at which tetrahedra stop moving relative to each other. This temperature $T_c\\approx 1500\\,K$ can be characterized within the framework of mode coupling theory. At a much lower temperature $T_g\\approx 1000\\,K$, a change in the slope of the volume versus temperature data allows to single out the glass transition. We find signatures of both transitions in structural order parameters, related to the orientation of tetrahedra. Going down in temperature we find that, around the mode coupling transition temperature, a set of order parameters which measure the relative orientation of tetrahedra cease to increase and stay constant below $T_c$. Another well known measure of orientational order, the bond orientational order parameter, which in the studied system measures local order within single tetrahedrons, is found to continue growing below $T_c$ until $T_g$, below which it remains constant. Our results allow to relate two characteristic dynamic transitions with corresponding structural transitions, as observed in two different orientational order parameters. Furthermore, the results indicate that the network of thetrahedra continue to relax well below the point where neighboring tetrahedra cannot rearrange relative to each other, and the glass is reached only upon a process of relaxation of atoms which form the thetrahedron, as quantified by the change in the bond orientational order parameters.

  18. Gravity as field - field oriented framework reproducing General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Ogonowski; Piotr Skindzier

    2015-09-21

    In the last article we have created foundations for gravitational field oriented framework (DaF) that reproduces GR. In this article we show, that using DaF approach, we can reproduce Schwarzschild solution with orbit equations, effective potential and constants of motion. Next we generalize results to other GR solutions and show, how gravitational field affects spacetime curvature and intrinsic spin of the bodies. It also appears, that field oriented approach requests to assign some spin value to the massless particles. Derived DaF framework has therefore significant meaning for searching for field based interpretation of gravity requested by quantum gravity.

  19. Optical-diffraction method for determining crystal orientation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, B.L.

    1982-05-07

    Disclosed is an optical diffraction technique for characterizing the three-dimensional orientation of a crystal sample. An arbitrary surface of the crystal sample is texture etched so as to generate a pseudo-periodic diffraction grating on the surface. A laser light beam is then directed onto the etched surface, and the reflected light forms a farfield diffraction pattern in reflection. Parameters of the diffraction pattern, such as the geometry and angular dispersion of the diffracted beam are then related to grating shape of the etched surface which is in turn related to crystal orientation. This technique may be used for examining polycrystalline silicon for use in solar cells.

  20. Requirements on Quality Specification Posed by Service Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of service management, the technical term Quality of Service (QoS) is now perceived in its original sense: Operations and Management (DSOM 2004), 1-14, Springer, IFIP/IEEE, Davis, CA, USA, November, 2004. #12;theRequirements on Quality Specification Posed by Service Orientation Markus Garschhammer and Harald

  1. Checking Session-Oriented Interactions between Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Checking Session-Oriented Interactions between Web Services Pavel Parizek1 , Jiri Adamek1,2 1 of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Computer Science Abstract Although web services are generally envisioned as being stateless, some of them are implicitly stateful. The reason is that the web services

  2. Welcome Back! 2nd Year ECE Student Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    Welcome Back! 2nd Year ECE Student Orientation September 5, 2014 Professor Shahrokh Valaee for all ECE courses · Provides student counselling support · I teach ECE361H1 Computer Networks I 2nd Year (Administrative Coordinator and Counsellor) Student Advisors Karen Irving Mary Miceli2nd Year ECE Student

  3. Optical method for the determination of grain orientation in films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maris, Humphrey J. (Barrington, RI)

    2001-01-01

    A method for the determination of grain orientation in a film sample is provided comprising the steps of measuring a first transient optical response of the film and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in the energy distribution of the electrons in the sample, determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a propagating strain pulse within the sample, and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in sample temperature of the sample. The grain orientation of the sample may be determined using the contributions to the transient optical response arising from the change in the energy distribution of the electrons, the propagating strain pulse, and the change in sample temperature. Additionally, a method for determination of the thickness of a film sample is provided. The grain orientation of the sample is first determined. The grain orientation, together with the velocity of sound and a propagation time of a strain pulse through the sample are then used to determine the thickness of the film sample.

  4. Optical method for the determination of grain orientation in films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maris, Humphrey J.

    2003-05-13

    A method for the determination of grain orientation in a film sample is provided comprising the steps of measuring a first transient optical response of the film and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in the energy distribution of the electrons in the sample, determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a propagating strain pulse within the sample, and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in sample temperature of the sample. The grain orientation of the sample may be determined using the contributions to the transient optical response arising from the change in the energy distribution of the electrons, the propagating strain pulse, and the change in sample temperature. Additionally, a method for determination of the thickness of a film sample is provided. The grain orientation of the sample is first determined. The grain orientation, together with the velocity of sound and a propagation time of a strain pulse through the sample are then used to determine the thickness of the film sample.

  5. Gender Studies Graduate Student Library Orientation, Fall 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    collection based on Library of Congress Classification. Depending on your research focus you may require1 Gender Studies Graduate Student Library Orientation, Fall 2012 Research Resources Librarian for Gender Studies: Sylvia Andrychuk andrychs@queensu.ca Office: Stauffer Library, room 107C Queen

  6. UNCORRECTED 2 The influence of grains' crystallographic orientations on advancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizelj, Leon

    grain geometry and crystallographic orientations is coupled with 10 crystal plasticity constitutive; Polycrystalline material; Crystal plasticity 20 21 1. Introduction 22 Microstructurally short cracks behave works use rectangular grain 39shapes [10,11]. Random grain geometry and crystal plastic- 40ity have been

  7. Aspect-Oriented Instrumentation with GCC Justin Seyster1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosu, Radu

    the detailed type information that is available in GIMPLE. Implementing instrumentation tools as GCC plugAspect-Oriented Instrumentation with GCC Justin Seyster1 , Ketan Dixit1 , Xiaowan Huang1 , Radu for runtime instrumentation, as GCC plug-ins can directly add instrumentation by transforming the compiler

  8. Collagen Bundle Orientation Explains Aortic Valve Leaflet Coaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collagen Bundle Orientation Explains Aortic Valve Leaflet Coaptation Peter E. Hammer1 , Christina A. The aortic valve owes its strength and durability to a network of collagen fibers within the leaflets. However, the pattern of these fibers and their role in valve function is not well understood. We imaged

  9. skip me skip me Testing ObjectOriented Software Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offutt, Jeff

    skip me skip me #12; Testing Object­Oriented Software Using the Category­Partition Method A chal­ lenges and developers need to understand effec­ tive ways to test the software. Much previous work in testing OO software has focused on de­ veloping new techniques and procedures. We ask whether

  10. Producing Network Applications Using ObjectOriented Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    Producing Network Applications Using Object­Oriented Petri Nets by Glenn Anthony Lewis Thesis of such systems. The Petri net formalism [Petri 1962] can be used for the design, specification, simulation, verification, validation and implementation of concurrent systems. Object Petri Nets (OPNs) [Lakos 1994

  11. Incremental Testing of ObjectOriented Class Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, John D.

    Incremental Testing of Object­Oriented Class Structures Mary Jean Harrold and John D. Mc­designed, thoroughly­tested classes that can be confidently reused for many applications, few class testing techniques have been devel­ oped. In this paper, we present a class testing technique that exploits

  12. Incremental Testing of Object-Oriented Class Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, John D.

    Incremental Testing of Object-Oriented Class Structures Mary Jean Harrold and John D. Mc-designed, thoroughly-tested classes that can be confidently reused for many applications, few class testing techniques have been devel- oped. In this paper, we present a class testing technique that exploits

  13. One in 16,114: Orienting Students for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    One in 16,114: Orienting Students for Service-Learning Elizabeth Thornton and John Zilvinskis · Mission: "To provide active, service-focused, community- based, mutually beneficial, integrated, learning · Foster Student Learning and Develop Core Competencies · Perception of Interview #12;Learning Outcomes

  14. OBJECT-ORIENTED FERROMANGANESE FURNACE MODEL Stein O. Wasb*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foss, Bjarne A.

    OBJECT-ORIENTED FERROMANGANESE FURNACE MODEL Stein O. Wasbø* , Bjarne A. FossÀÀ and Ragnar Tronstad-7034 Trondheim, Norway, e-mail:Bjarne.Foss@itk.ntnu.no Abstract: The high-carbon ferromanganese furnace inside it. The furnace operation has been characterized by fluctuations in vital process variables. Many

  15. TEACHING CLEANROOM SOFTWARE ENGINEERING WITH OBJECT-ORIENTED DATA ABSTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrer, Gabriel J.

    TEACHING CLEANROOM SOFTWARE ENGINEERING WITH OBJECT- ORIENTED DATA ABSTRACTION Gabriel J. Ferrer] into the teaching of Cleanroom Software Engineering [4][5], namely the specification of method behavior in terms Cleanroom Software Engineering [4] [5] arguably fail to adequately describe how to reconcile the methodology

  16. Control-Oriented Model for Camless Intake Process (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    48121 Abstract The improvement of internal combustion engine is largely accomplished though the introduction of innova- tive actuators that allow optimization and control of the ow, mixing, and combustion the control- oriented model for the cylinder air charge and the pump- ing losses assuming uniform air pulses

  17. Mechanisms underlying cross-orientation suppression in cat visual cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferster, David

    for by the behavior of geniculate relay cells: contrast saturation and rectification in relay cell responses, when of presynaptic geniculate relay cells. Where the feed-forward model has traditionally failed, however the response to simulta- neously presented stimuli at the preferred orientation (test stimuli)3

  18. Use of Oriented Crystals at High-Energy Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kotov, V.I.; Afonin, A.G.; Baranov, V.T.; Biryukov, V.M.; Ivanov, Yu.M.; Kardash, A.A.; Maisheev, V.A.; Terekhov, V.I.; Troyanov, E.F.; Fedotov, Yu.S.; Chepegin, V.N.; Chesnokov, Yu.A.

    2005-06-01

    The application of bent crystals for extracting accelerated beams from high-energy accelerators is reviewed. The results of realizing highly efficient extraction of protons from the IHEP accelerator are presented. Proposals on using oriented crystals for designing efficient positron sources at linear colliders and on developing new undulators are discussed.

  19. PERFORMANCE MONITORING OF JAVA COMPONENT-ORIENTED DISTRIBUTED APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, John

    relevant projects. OrWell [3] is a monitoring environment for CORBA distributed applications, which uses attached to the existing objects. In addition, it is not clear whether the monitoring environmentPERFORMANCE MONITORING OF JAVA COMPONENT-ORIENTED DISTRIBUTED APPLICATIONS Adrian Mos, John Murphy

  20. Organization-Oriented Chemical Programming Peter Dittrich and Naoki Matsumaru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittrich, Peter

    dittrich/naoki@minet.uni-jena.de Abstract Chemical information processing posseses a variety of valuable of the chemical species present) and abstracts from quantita- tive change (i.e., a change in concentrationOrganization-Oriented Chemical Programming Peter Dittrich and Naoki Matsumaru Friedrich Schiller

  1. Optical Properties and Orientation in Polyethylene Blown Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaucage, Gregory

    Optical Properties and Orientation in Polyethylene Blown Films AYUSH BAFNA,1 GREGORY BEAUCAGE,1 properties of blown poly- ethylene films. Two types of blown polyethylene films of similar degrees of crystallinity were made from (1) single-site-catalyst high-density polyethylene (HDPE; STAR ) and (2) Ziegler

  2. Stream-oriented Robotics Programming: The Design of roshask

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Camillo J.

    component that produces commands for a motor interface. ROS nodes is designed in a complementary fashionStream-oriented Robotics Programming: The Design of roshask Anthony Cowley and Camillo J. Taylor a core design principle of virtually every large robotics software engineering effort over the past

  3. A Cloud-Oriented Cross-Domain Security Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Cloud-Oriented Cross-Domain Security Architecture Thuy D. Nguyen, Mark A. Gondree, David J to support a cloud of cross-domain services, hosted within a federation of multilevel secure (MLS) MYSEA}@nps.edu Abstract--The Monterey Security Architecture addresses the need to share high-value data across multiple

  4. Object Oriented Parallel Computation for Plasma Charles D. Norton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    Organization]: Multiple Data Stream Architectures---parallel processors; D.1.5 [Software]: Programming the software design and program­ ming process by providing an application oriented view of programming while facil­ itating modification and reuse. Since the software design crisis is particularly acute

  5. Efficien and Scalable Data Evolution with Column Oriented Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi

    Efficien and Scalable Data Evolution with Column Oriented Databases Ziyang Liu1 , Bin He2 , Hui@us.ibm.com, hhsiao@almaden.ibm.com, yi@asu.edu ABSTRACT Database evolution is the process of updating the schema of a database or data warehouse (schema evolution) and e- volving the data to the updated schema (data evolution

  6. IMPLEMENTING RELATIONSHIPS IN AN OBJECT-ORIENTED DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doherty, Michael

    OF RHODE ISLAND 1992 i #12;Abstract Semantic database models have shown the importance and utility of arbi- trary user-de ned relationships to de ne the semantics of database information. Object-oriented models on that model. The data de nition language is automat- ically mapped to a database implementation which

  7. SociallyOriented Requirements Engineering Software Engineering Meets Ethnography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Tim

    SociallyOriented Requirements Engineering Software Engineering Meets Ethnography Sonja Pedell1,3 , Tim Miller2 , Frank Vetere1 , Leon Sterling3 , Steve Howard1 1 Department of Information Systems, The University of Melbourne 2 Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, The University

  8. Actor-Oriented Control System Design Palo Alto Research Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    1 of 29 Actor-Oriented Control System Design Jie Liu Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd}@eecs.berkeley.edu Abstract: Complex control systems are heterogeneous, in the sense of discrete computer-based con- trollers challenges for control system design technologies in terms of end-to-end control perfor- mance modeling

  9. Thin film with oriented cracks on a flexible substrate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feng, Bao; McGilvray, Andrew; Shi, Bo

    2010-07-27

    A thermoelectric film is disclosed. The thermoelectric film includes a substrate that is substantially electrically non-conductive and flexible and a thermoelectric material that is deposited on at least one surface of the substrate. The thermoelectric film also includes multiple cracks oriented in a predetermined direction.

  10. Introduction The orientation of the elementary cellulose fibrils rein-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichtenegger, Helga C.

    Introduction The orientation of the elementary cellulose fibrils rein- forcing the wood cell wall by the tilt angle of the cellulose fibrils with re- spect to the longitudinal cell axis (microfibril angle of elementary cellulose in longitudinal tracheids outside and inside of so-called crossfields, the latter formed

  11. Quantum dots Orientation-Dependent Optical-Polarization Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum dots Orientation-Dependent Optical-Polarization Properties of Single Quantum Dots. Bakkers, Leo P. Kouwenhoven, and Val Zwiller Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are sources of single[1 studies, the InP section following dot growth was reduced, while for the samples used in our experiments

  12. Georgia Tech New Student Orientation Overview of Student Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Georgia Tech New Student Orientation Overview of Student Financial Aid and Paying Your GT Invoice to successfully navigating the financial aid process at Georgia Tech # 1 ­ Application process annual # 2 ­ Read (behind Tech Tower, beside Stadium) Office Hours: 8:30 am to 4:00 pm Monday-Friday Email: bursar

  13. A Context Framework for Process-oriented Information Logistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    approach. The basic idea is to provide the right process information, in the right format and quality) is a promising approach. Goal is to provide the right process information, in the right format and qualityA Context Framework for Process-oriented Information Logistics Bernd Michelberger1 , Bela Mutschler

  14. Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Charis

    Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions Pinar Heggernes to an arbitrary graph is called a comparability completion of the input graph. Unfortunately, computing a comparability completion with the minimum number of added edges (called a minimum completion) is an NP

  15. Service Oriented Sensor Web Xingchen Chu and Rajkumar Buyya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    and reliably enables building both real-time detection and early warning systems. In addition, it allows rapidService Oriented Sensor Web Xingchen Chu and Rajkumar Buyya Grid Computing and Distributed Systems running computing systems that consist of a collection of sensing nodes working together to collect

  16. Semantic-Based Development of Service-Oriented Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilmore, Stephen

    . Service-oriented computing is an emerging paradigm where services are understood as autonomous, platform to process calculi. The results are illustrated by a case study in the area of automotive systems. 1, platform-independent computational entities that can be described, pub- lished, categorised, discovered

  17. Imaging crystal orientations in multicrystalline silicon wafers via photoluminescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://apl.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Imaging), Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia 2 State Key Laboratory of PV Science & Technology, Trina Solar Energy Limited is crystal orientation dependent. We demonstrate that a strong correlation exists between the surface energy

  18. Design implications of fiber orientation in molded thermoplastic composites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boulios, Konstantinos Elephtherios

    1991-01-01

    for the degree of MASTERS OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN IMPLICATIONS OF FIBER ORIENTATION IN MOLDED THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES A Thesis by KONSTANTINOS ELEPHTHERIOS BOULIOS Approved as to style and content by: Alan... Test. PAGE . . . . 69 . . . . 76 IV MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR SIMULATION OF A COMPRESSION MOLDING FIBER REINFORCED STRUCTURE. . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV. I Description of the Finite Element Model. IV. 2 Discussion...

  19. COPS: A Framework for Consumer Oriented Proportional-share Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Back, Godmar

    COPS: A Framework for Consumer Oriented Proportional-share Scheduling by Abhijit Deodhar Thesis Cameron Eli Tilevich May 14, 2007 Blacksburg, Virginia Keywords: Scheduling, proportional share, VTRR Proportional-share Scheduling Abhijit Deodhar Abstract Scheduling forms an important aspect of operating

  20. Single Particle Orientation and Rotational Tracking (SPORT) in biopysical studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, Yan; Ha, Ji Won; Augspurger, Ashley E.; Chen, Kuangcai; Zhu, Shaobin; Fang, Ning

    2013-08-02

    The single particle orientation and rotational tracking (SPORT) techniques have seen rapid development in the past 5 years. Recent technical advances have greatly expanded the applicability of SPORT in biophysical studies. In this feature article, we survey the current development of SPORT and discuss its potential applications in biophysics, including cellular membrane processes and intracellular transport.

  1. ICS 451: Today's plan Connection-oriented and connectionless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biagioni, Edoardo S.

    ;Socket API in C: close close closes a server or client socket int close (int fd); shutdown can be usedICS 451: Today's plan Connection-oriented and connectionless Sockets API ­ Python ­ C ­ Windows C programming reminders #12;Connections vs Connectionless TCP expects a program to connect before

  2. X-ray compass for determining device orientation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Da Silva, L.B.; Matthews, D.L.; Fitch, J.P.; Everett, M.J.; Colston, B.W.; Stone, G.F.

    1999-06-15

    An apparatus and method for determining the orientation of a device with respect to an x-ray source are disclosed. In one embodiment, the present invention is coupled to a medical device in order to determine the rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source. In such an embodiment, the present invention is comprised of a scintillator portion which is adapted to emit photons upon the absorption of x-rays emitted from the x-ray source. An x-ray blocking portion is coupled to the scintillator portion. The x-ray blocking portion is disposed so as to vary the quantity of x-rays which penetrate the scintillator portion based upon the particular rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source. A photon transport mechanism is also coupled to the scintillator portion. The photon transport mechanism is adapted to pass the photons emitted from the scintillator portion to an electronics portion. By analyzing the quantity of the photons, the electronics portion determines the rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source. 25 figs.

  3. Toward InteractionOriented Programming Munindar P. Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toward Interaction­Oriented Programming Munindar P. Singh Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695­8206, USA singh@ncsu.edu Abstract Although much progress has constraints (Singh 1994), and (e) so­ cial constructs (Gasser 1991). What is new here is the focus

  4. Understanding Tools: Task-Oriented Object Modeling, Learning and Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Song Chun

    Understanding Tools: Task-Oriented Object Modeling, Learning and Recognition Yixin Zhu yixin functions, physics and causality in using objects as "tools". Given a task, such as, cracking a nut observes only one RGB-D video, in which a rational human picks up one object (i.e. tool) among a number

  5. LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Spring 2012 Stony Brook University Libraries #12;FAST FACTS 2 million books 65,000+ eJournals 300+ subscription databases online 10,000+ eBooks Main Library Humanities, Arts , Social Sciences Branch Libraries Chemistry Math/Physics MASIC

  6. LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Spring, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Spring, 2011 Stony Brook University Libraries Janet Clarke, Library Instruction #12;RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH Library Homepage: stonybrook.edu/library 2 million books 65,000+ eJournals 300+ subscription databases online 10,000+ eBooks Main Library

  7. LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Fall 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRARY RESOURCES & SERVICES New Graduate Student Orientation, Fall 2011 Stony Brook University Libraries #12;FAST FACTS 2 million books 65,000+ eJournals 300+ subscription databases online 10,000+ eBooks Main Library Humanities, Arts , Social Sciences Branch Libraries Chemistry Math/Physics MASIC

  8. MARKET-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING: SOME EARLY LESSONS MICHAEL P. WELLMAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    CHAPTER 4 MARKET-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING: SOME EARLY LESSONS MICHAEL P. WELLMAN Dept of Electrical of this chapter are from a paper presented at the Fifth International CGE Modeling Conference Waterloo, Ontario of the market-based schemes that have been proposed for distributed re- source allocation have focused

  9. Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global

  10. X-ray compass for determining device orientation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (Moss Beach, CA); Fitch, Joseph P. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Matthew J. (Pleasanton, CA); Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Stone, Gary F. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An apparatus and method for determining the orientation of a device with respect to an x-ray source. In one embodiment, the present invention is coupled to a medical device in order to determine the rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source. In such an embodiment, the present invention is comprised of a scintillator portion which is adapted to emit photons upon the absorption of x-rays emitted from the x-ray source. An x-ray blocking portion is coupled to the scintillator portion. The x-ray blocking portion is disposed so as to vary the quantity of x-rays which penetrate the scintillator portion based upon the particular rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source. A photon transport mechanism is also coupled to the scintillator portion. The photon transport mechanism is adapted to pass the photons emitted from the scintillator portion to an electronics portion. By analyzing the quantity of the photons, the electronics portion determines the rotational orientation of the medical device with respect to the x-ray source.

  11. Fabrication of oriented zeolite L monolayer via covalent molecular linkers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Yige; Li Huanrong Liu Binyuan; Gan Quanying; Dong Qinglin; Calzaferri, Gion; Sun Zheng

    2008-09-15

    For the first time, 1,4-diisocyanatobutane (DICB) was used as the covalent molecular linker in this study to prepare the uniformly oriented zeolite L monolayer with relatively high coverage degree and close packing degree. This could be ascribed to substantial amounts of DICB self-assemble and standing on the substrate surface instead of folding up into a U-shape. This point has been further verified by the quality of oriented zoelite L monolayers obtained from the procedure involving DICB, 1, 4-bis (triethoxysilyl) benzene (BTSEB) and 1,2-bis(trimethoxysilyl)ethane (BTMSE) as covalent molecular linkers. - Graphical abstract: 1, 4-diisocyanatobutane (DICB) was used as the covalent molecular linker in this study to prepare the uniformly oriented zeolite L monolayer with a relatively high coverage degree and close packing degree. This could be ascribed to substantial amounts of DICB self-assemble and standing on the substrate surface instead of folding up into a U-shape. This point has been further verified by the quality of oriented zoelite L monolayers obtained from the procedure involving DICB, 1, 4-bis (triethoxysilyl) benzene (BTSEB) and 1,2-bis(trimethoxysilyl)ethane (BTMSE) as covalent molecular linkers.

  12. A Unigram Orientation Model for Statistical Machine Translation Christoph Tillmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    how often a block occurs to the left or to the right of some predecessor block. The orientation model the input sentence is seg- mented from left to right and the target sentence is gener- ated from bottom example taken from the devtest set. The Arabic words are roman- ized. section 3, block swapping where only

  13. Service Oriented Middleware for the Internet of Things: A Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, Thiago

    Service Oriented Middleware for the Internet of Things: A Perspective (Invited Paper) Thiago. The Internet of Things plays a central role in the foreseen shift of the Internet to the Future Internet that the Internet of Things will cooperate with the Internet of Services to provide users with services

  14. Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FACS 2006 Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces Jonas Elmqvist compositional rules and derived safety interfaces for each component. The derivation of safety interfaces and the automatically generated interfaces. The component model uses reactive modules as the formal notation

  15. Block-oriented modeling of superstructure optimization problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, Z; Ingalls, J; Siirola, JD; Watson, JP

    2013-10-15

    We present a novel software framework for modeling large-scale engineered systems as mathematical optimization problems. A key motivating feature in such systems is their hierarchical, highly structured topology. Existing mathematical optimization modeling environments do not facilitate the natural expression and manipulation of hierarchically structured systems. Rather, the modeler is forced to "flatten" the system description, hiding structure that may be exploited by solvers, and obfuscating the system that the modeling environment is attempting to represent. To correct this deficiency, we propose a Python-based "block-oriented" modeling approach for representing the discrete components within the system. Our approach is an extension of the Pyomo library for specifying mathematical optimization problems. Through the use of a modeling components library, the block-oriented approach facilitates a clean separation of system superstructure from the details of individual components. This approach also naturally lends itself to expressing design and operational decisions as disjunctive expressions over the component blocks. By expressing a mathematical optimization problem in a block-oriented manner, inherent structure (e.g., multiple scenarios) is preserved for potential exploitation by solvers. In particular, we show that block-structured mathematical optimization problems can be straightforwardly manipulated by decomposition-based multi-scenario algorithmic strategies, specifically in the context of the PySP stochastic programming library. We illustrate our block-oriented modeling approach using a case study drawn from the electricity grid operations domain: unit commitment with transmission switching and N - 1 reliability constraints. Finally, we demonstrate that the overhead associated with block-oriented modeling only minimally increases model instantiation times, and need not adversely impact solver behavior. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Orientation dependence of electromechanical properties of relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Orientation dependence of electromechanical properties of relaxor based ferroelectric single Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract The orientation dependence of electromechan- ical properties­3]. However, some experimental observations have demonstrated that the enhanced electromechanical performance

  17. www.oekom.de/gaia | GAIA 19/4(2010): 278286 Education for Sustainability-Oriented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    www.oekom.de/gaia | GAIA 19/4(2010): 278­286 Education for Sustainability-Oriented Environmental from ETH Zurich was conducted to gain insights into their sustainability-oriented activities. 567

  18. Methane storms as a driver of Titan's dune orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charnay, Benjamin; Rafkin, Scot; Narteau, Clément; Lebonnois, Sébastien; Rodriguez, Sébastien; Pont, Sylvain Courrech du; Lucas, Antoine

    2015-01-01

    Titan's equatorial regions are covered by eastward propagating linear dunes. This direction is opposite to mean surface winds simulated by Global Climate Models (GCMs), which are oriented westward at these latitudes, similar to trade winds on Earth. Different hypotheses have been proposed to address this apparent contradiction, involving Saturn's gravitational tides, large scale topography or wind statistics, but none of them can explain a global eastward dune propagation in the equatorial band. Here we analyse the impact of equinoctial tropical methane storms developing in the superrotating atmosphere (i.e. the eastward winds at high altitude) on Titan's dune orientation. Using mesoscale simulations of convective methane clouds with a GCM wind profile featuring superrotation, we show that Titan's storms should produce fast eastward gust fronts above the surface. Such gusts dominate the aeolian transport, allowing dunes to extend eastward. This analysis therefore suggests a coupling between superrotation, tro...

  19. Resonant spin tunneling in randomly oriented nanospheres of Mn?? acetate

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lendinez, S.; Billinge, S. J. L.; Zarzuela, R.; Tejada, J.; Terban, M. W.; Espin, J.; Imaz, I.; Maspoch, D.; Chudnovsky, E. M.

    2015-01-06

    We report measurements and theoretical analysis of resonant spin tunneling in randomly oriented nanospheres of a molecular magnet. Amorphous nanospheres of Mn?? acetate have been fabricated and characterized by chemical, infrared, TEM, X-ray, and magnetic methods. Magnetic measurements have revealed sharp tunneling peaks in the field derivative of the magnetization that occur at the typical resonant field values for the Mn?? acetate crystal in the field parallel to the easy axis.Theoretical analysis is provided that explains these observations. We argue that resonant spin tunneling in a molecular magnet can be established in a powder sample, without the need for amore »single crystal and without aligning the easy magnetization axes of the molecules. This is confirmed by re-analyzing the old data on a powdered sample of non-oriented micron-size crystals of Mn?? acetate. Our findings can greatly simplify the selection of candidates for quantum spin tunneling among newly synthesized molecular magnets.« less

  20. Resonant spin tunneling in randomly oriented nanospheres of Mn?? acetate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lendinez, S. [Univ. de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Billinge, S. J. L. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Zarzuela, R. [Univ. de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Tejada, J. [Univ. de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Terban, M. W. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Espin, J. [Univ. Autonoma Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Imaz, I. [Univ. Autonoma Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Maspoch, D. [Univ. Autonoma Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Europe); Chudnovsky, E. M. [City Univ. of New York, Bronx, NY (United States)

    2015-01-01

    We report measurements and theoretical analysis of resonant spin tunneling in randomly oriented nanospheres of a molecular magnet. Amorphous nanospheres of Mn?? acetate have been fabricated and characterized by chemical, infrared, TEM, X-ray, and magnetic methods. Magnetic measurements have revealed sharp tunneling peaks in the field derivative of the magnetization that occur at the typical resonant field values for the Mn?? acetate crystal in the field parallel to the easy axis.Theoretical analysis is provided that explains these observations. We argue that resonant spin tunneling in a molecular magnet can be established in a powder sample, without the need for a single crystal and without aligning the easy magnetization axes of the molecules. This is confirmed by re-analyzing the old data on a powdered sample of non-oriented micron-size crystals of Mn?? acetate. Our findings can greatly simplify the selection of candidates for quantum spin tunneling among newly synthesized molecular magnets.

  1. Conductive layer for biaxially oriented semiconductor film growth

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Findikoglu, Alp T. (Los Alamos, NM); Matias, Vladimir (Santa Fe, NM)

    2007-10-30

    A conductive layer for biaxially oriented semiconductor film growth and a thin film semiconductor structure such as, for example, a photodetector, a photovoltaic cell, or a light emitting diode (LED) that includes a crystallographically oriented semiconducting film disposed on the conductive layer. The thin film semiconductor structure includes: a substrate; a first electrode deposited on the substrate; and a semiconducting layer epitaxially deposited on the first electrode. The first electrode includes a template layer deposited on the substrate and a buffer layer epitaxially deposited on the template layer. The template layer includes a first metal nitride that is electrically conductive and has a rock salt crystal structure, and the buffer layer includes a second metal nitride that is electrically conductive. The semiconducting layer is epitaxially deposited on the buffer layer. A method of making such a thin film semiconductor structure is also described.

  2. The development of a cognitive process-oriented correlation model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kneuven, Richard James

    1988-01-01

    Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Patricia A. Alexander This study was undertaken to discover what underlying cognitive processes could provide a basis for a cognitive process-oriented correlation model and to examine how this cognitive information... examined interpretations of information-processing as articulated by selected cognitive theorists, assorted approaches to interdisciplinary instruction, as well as various approaches to curriculum design. Ultimately, a curricular model was developed...

  3. Church participation and the older adult: An orientational approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Bill D.

    1974-04-01

    members) located in Northeastern Kansas in the spring of 1970. The Duncan Socio-Economic Index (Blau and Duncan, 1967) was employed to differentiate white collar from blue collar occupations. This index computes SES scores and assigns decile rankings... significant relationship was noted between instrumental orientation scores and church participation. No significant relationship was observed in the case of expressive scores. The tendency was apparent to view participation in the church as a means to one...

  4. Nanomembrane structures having mixed crystalline orientations and compositions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lagally, Max G.; Scott, Shelley A.; Savage, Donald E.

    2014-08-12

    The present nanomembrane structures include a multilayer film comprising a single-crystalline layer of semiconductor material disposed between two other single-crystalline layers of semiconductor material. A plurality of holes extending through the nanomembrane are at least partially, and preferably entirely, filled with a filler material which is also a semiconductor, but which differs from the nanomembrane semiconductor materials in composition, crystal orientation, or both.

  5. Arizona – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    Institute Employment Discrimination Report The City ofprotect city employees from discrimination based on sexualsexual orientation discrimination In 1965, Arizona passed

  6. A Review of Object-Oriented Approaches in Geographical Information Systems for Transportation Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwan, Mei-Po; Golledge, Reginald G.; Speigle, Jon M.

    1996-01-01

    Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 7, I: 39-55.oriented geographical information system. Internationalcomponentof geographical information systems. International

  7. FEA Simulations of Magnets with Grain Oriented Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witte H.

    2012-08-06

    One of the potential successors of the Large Hadron Collider is a Muon Col- lider. Muons are short-lived particles, which therefore require fast acceleration. One potential avenue is a very fast cycling cyclotron, where the bending is sup- plied by a combination of fixed-field superconducting magnets and fast ramping normal conducting iron-cored coils. Due to the high ramping rate (around 1 kHz) eddy current and hysteresis losses are a concern. One way to overcome these is by using grain-oriented soft-iron, which promises superior magnetic properties in the direction of the grains. This note summarizes efforts to include the anisotropic material properties of grain-oriented steel in finite element analysis to predict the behaviour of the dipole magnets for this accelerator. It was found that including anisotropic material properties has a detrimental effect on model convergence. During this study it was not possible to include grain oriented steel with an accuracy necessary to study the field quality of a dipole magnet.

  8. Preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials by mechanical means

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Capone, Donald W. (Bolingbrook, IL)

    1990-01-01

    A superconductor comprised of a polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-X (where 0<.times.<0.5) is capable of accommodating very large current densities. By aligning the two-dimensional Cu--O layers which carry the current in the superconducting state in the a- and b-directions, i.e., within the basal plane, a high degree of crystalline axes alignment is provided between adjacent grains permitting the metal oxide material to accommodate high current densities. The orthorhombic crystalline particles have a tendency to lie down on one of the longer sides, i.e., on the a- or b-direction. Aligning the crystals in this orientation is accomplished by mechanical working of the material such as by extrusion, tape casting or slip casting, provided a single crystal powder is used as a starting material, to provide a highly oriented, e.g., approximately 90% of the crystal particles have a common orientation, superconducting matrix capable of supporting large current densities.

  9. Preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials by mechanical means

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Capone, D.W.

    1990-11-27

    A superconductor comprised of a polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7[minus]X] (where 0 < X < 0.5) is capable of accommodating very large current densities. By aligning the two-dimensional Cu-O layers which carry the current in the superconducting state in the a- and b-directions, i.e., within the basal plane, a high degree of crystalline axes alignment is provided between adjacent grains permitting the metal oxide material to accommodate high current densities. The orthorhombic crystalline particles have a tendency to lie down on one of the longer sides, i.e., on the a- or b-direction. Aligning the crystals in this orientation is accomplished by mechanical working of the material such as by extrusion, tape casting or slip casting, provided a single crystal powder is used as a starting material, to provide a highly oriented, e.g., approximately 90% of the crystal particles have a common orientation, superconducting matrix capable of supporting large current densities. 3 figs.

  10. Structural Orientations Adjacent to Some Colorado Geothermal Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard,

    2012-02-01

    Citation Information: Originator: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Publication Date: 2012 Title: Structural Data Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Reno Nevada Publisher: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Description: Structural orientations (fractures, joints, faults, lineaments, bedding orientations, etc.) were collected with a standard Brunton compass during routine field examinations of geothermal phenomena in Colorado. Often multiple orientations were taken from one outcrop. Care was taken to ensure outcrops were "in place". Point data was collected with a hand-held GPS unit. The structural data is presented both as standard quadrant measurements and in format suitable for ESRI symbology Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4491528.924999 m Left: 207137.983196 m Right: 432462.310324 m Bottom: 4117211.772001 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Contact Person: Richard “Rick” Zehner Address: 3740 Barron Way City: Reno State: NV Postal Code: 89511 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 775-737-7806 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  11. La relation d'aide Service de psychologie et d'orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    La relation d'aide Service de psychologie et d'orientation Les professions de la relation d'orientation #12;La relation d'aide Service de psychologie et d'orientation TABLE DES MATIÈRES 1. Les professions'aide ........................................................................................3 2. Les professions de la relation d'aide à l'UdeS : quelques distinctions

  12. Orientation statistics at fixation D Ganguli, J Freeman, U Rajashekar, and E P Simoncelli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajashekar, Umesh

    Orientation statistics at fixation D Ganguli, J Freeman, U Rajashekar, and E P Simoncelli Presented statistics via the "orientation tensor" (Granlund & Knutsson, 1994), computed as the 2x2 covariance matrix be converted into three natural parameters: energy, orientedness, and orientation. Energy is the total variance

  13. Molecular Orientation and Relaxation of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) by Polarization Modulation Infrared Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezolet, Michel

    (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is induced during its processing via fiber spinning or blow molding. This polymer can crystals. Finally, shrinkage experiments on oriented PET have demonstrated that, beyond a certain degree of orientation, shrinkage is hindered due to the development of crystallinity.8,9 To investigate the orientation

  14. tree : A New Class Hierarchy Access Method for ObjectOriented Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ooi, Beng Chin

    Ø­tree : A New Class Hierarchy Access Method for Object­Oriented Databases Abstract The semantic­oriented queries. In particular, the class hierar­ chy concept has an impact on the class scope of queries: an object­oriented query on a class C can be interpreted as to retrieve all objects that satisfy the query

  15. A Model of Marketing Oriented Corporate Culture Influences on Information Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Model of Marketing Oriented Corporate Culture Influences on Information Technology Adoption Kofi-9792; kofi.poku@kodak.com 2 Richard P. Vlosky, Ph.D, Professor, Forest Products Marketing and Director a model to investigate the influence of corporate orientation (marketing orientation) on Internet adoption

  16. METU Object-Oriented DBMS Asuman Dogac, Cetin Ozkan, Budak Arpinar,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpinar, I. Budak

    METU Object-Oriented DBMS Asuman Dogac, Cetin Ozkan, Budak Arpinar, Tansel Okay, Cem Evrendilek Technical University 06531, Ankara Turkiye Abstract METU Object-Oriented DBMS 1 includes the implementation-Oriented DBMS (MOOD). MOOD has a type system derived from C++, eliminating the impedance mismatch between MOOD

  17. Orientation discrimination in 5-year-olds and adults tested with luminance-modulated and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, Daphne M.

    Orientation discrimination in 5-year-olds and adults tested with luminance-modulated and contrast thresholds for discriminating orientation by 5-year-olds and adults for first-order (luminance., Kingdon, A., Ellemberg, D., & Maurer, D. (2007). Orientation discrimination in 5-year-olds and adults

  18. Sun Compass Orientation by Juvenile Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) CODY R. MOTT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, W. Randy

    Sun Compass Orientation by Juvenile Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) CODY R. MOTT 1 AND MICHAEL while they swam tethered inside a large circular outdoor pool and were exposed to the sun. The turtles, the predicted direction if they used the sun for orientation. Westward orientation was unaffected by placing

  19. Two-state wave packet for strong field-free molecular orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian Trippel; Terry Mullins; Nele L. M. Müller; Jens S. Kienitz; Rosario González-Férez; Jochen Küpper

    2015-01-25

    We demonstrate strong laser-field-free orientation of absolute-ground-state carbonyl sulfide molecules. The molecules are oriented by the combination of a 485-ps-long non-resonant laser pulse and a weak static electric field. The edges of the laser pulse create a coherent superposition of two rotational states resulting in revivals of strong transient molecular orientation after the laser pulse. The experimentally attained degree of orientation of 0.6 corresponds to the theoretical maximum for mixing of the two states. Switching off the dc field would provide the same orientation completely field-free.

  20. Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System (DOORS) System Test Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, A.L.

    2000-04-01

    The U. S. Department of Energy, Office of River Protection (ORP) will use the Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System (DOORS) as a tool to assist in identifying, capturing, and maintaining the necessary and sufficient set of requirements for accomplishing the ORP mission. By managing requirements as one integrated set, the ORP will be able to carry out its mission more efficiently and effectively. DOORS is a Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) requirements management tool. The tool has not been customized for the use of the PIO, at this time.

  1. APPLICATION OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES IN FRONT END COMPUTERS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SKELLY,J.F.

    1997-11-03

    The Front End Computer (FEC) environment imposes special demands on software, beyond real time performance and robustness. FEC software must manage a diverse inventory of devices with individualistic timing requirements and hardware interfaces. It must implement network services which export device access to the control system at large, interpreting a uniform network communications protocol into the specific control requirements of the individual devices. Object oriented languages provide programming techniques which neatly address these challenges, and also offer benefits in terms of maintainability and flexibility. Applications are discussed which exhibit the use of inheritance, multiple inheritance and inheritance trees, and polymorphism to address the needs of FEC software.

  2. Ukraine-GTZ Climate Oriented Mobility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate Oriented Mobility Jump to: navigation,

  3. Proton Channel Orientation in Block-Copolymer Electrolyte Membranes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProtein Dynamics Hit theProton Channel Orientation in

  4. Acoustic plane wave preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tolt, Thomas L. (North Olmsted, OH); Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL)

    1991-01-01

    A polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-X (where 0orientation of the crystal basal planes parallel with the direction of desired current flow is accomplished by an applied acoustic plane wave in the acoustic or ultrasonic frequency range (either progressive or standing) in applying a torque to each crystal particle. The ceramic slip is then set and fired by conventional methods to produce a conductor with preferentially oriented grains and substantially enhanced current carrying capacity.

  5. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 84, 043429 (2011) Orientation dependence of the ionization of CO and NO in an intense femtosecond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kling, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    on this idea was proposed, which proposes favored ionization of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) for an orientation

  6. High speed flux feedback for tuning a universal field oriented controller capable of operating in direct and indirect field orientation modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Doncker, Rik W. A. A.

    1992-01-01

    The direct (d) and quadrature (q) components of flux, as sensed by flux sensors or determined from voltage and current measurements in a direct field orientation scheme, are processed rapidly and accurately to provide flux amplitude and angular position values for use by the vector rotator of a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller. Flux amplitude (linear or squared) is provided as feedback to tune the UFO controller for operation in direct and indirect field orientation modes and enables smooth transitions from one mode to the other.

  7. High speed flux feedback for tuning a universal field oriented controller capable of operating in direct and indirect field orientation modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Doncker, R.W.A.A.

    1992-09-01

    The direct (d) and quadrature (q) components of flux, as sensed by flux sensors or determined from voltage and current measurements in a direct field orientation scheme, are processed rapidly and accurately to provide flux amplitude and angular position values for use by the vector rotator of a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller. Flux amplitude (linear or squared) is provided as feedback to tune the UFO controller for operation in direct and indirect field orientation modes and enables smooth transitions from one mode to the other. 3 figs.

  8. Hierarchical structures for a robustness-oriented capacity design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico Masoero; Falk K. Wittel; Hans J. Herrmann; B. M. Chiaia

    2015-09-07

    In this paper, we study the response of 2D framed structures made of rectangular cells, to the sudden removal of columns. We employ a simulation algorithm based on the Discrete Element Method, where the structural elements are represented by elasto-plastic Euler Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. The effect of structural cell slenderness and of topological hierarchy on the dynamic residual strength after damage $\\ROne$ is investigated. Topologically \\textit{hierarchical} frames have a primary structure made of few massive elements, while \\textit{homogeneous} frames are made of many thin elements. We also show how $\\ROne$ depends on the activated collapse mechanisms, which are determined by the mechanical hierarchy between beams and columns, i.e. by their relative strength and stiffness. Finally, principles of robustness-oriented capacity design which seem to be in contrast to the conventional anti-seismic capacity design are addressed.

  9. Micromachined cutting blade formed from {211}-oriented silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, legal representative, Carol (Burbank, CA); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Tijeras, NM); Montague, Stephen (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-08-09

    A cutting blade is disclosed fabricated of micromachined silicon. The cutting blade utilizes a monocrystalline silicon substrate having a {211} crystalline orientation to form one or more cutting edges that are defined by the intersection of {211} crystalline planes of silicon with {111} crystalline planes of silicon. This results in a cutting blade which has a shallow cutting-edge angle .theta. of 19.5.degree.. The micromachined cutting blade can be formed using an anisotropic wet etching process which substantially terminates etching upon reaching the {111} crystalline planes of silicon. This allows multiple blades to be batch fabricated on a common substrate and separated for packaging and use. The micromachined cutting blade, which can be mounted to a handle in tension and optionally coated for increased wear resistance and biocompatibility, has multiple applications including eye surgery (LASIK procedure).

  10. Micromachined cutting blade formed from {211}-oriented silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, James G.; Sniegowski, Jeffry J.; Montague, Stephen

    2003-09-09

    A cutting blade is disclosed fabricated of micromachined silicon. The cutting blade utilizes a monocrystalline silicon substrate having a {211} crystalline orientation to form one or more cutting edges that are defined by the intersection of {211} crystalline planes of silicon with {111} crystalline planes of silicon. This results in a cutting blade which has a shallow cutting-edge angle .theta. of 19.5.degree.. The micromachined cutting blade can be formed using an anisotropic wet etching process which substantially terminates etching upon reaching the {111} crystalline planes of silicon. This allows multiple blades to be batch fabricated on a common substrate and separated for packaging and use. The micromachined cutting blade, which can be mounted to a handle in tension and optionally coated for increased wear resistance and biocompatibility, has multiple applications including eye surgery (LASIK procedure).

  11. Attribute Oriented Induction with simple select SQL statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warnars, Spits

    2010-01-01

    Searching learning or rules in relational database for data mining purposes with characteristic or classification/discriminant rule in attribute oriented induction technique can be quicker, easy, and simple with simple SQL statement. With just only one simple SQL statement, characteristic and classification rule can be created simultaneously. Collaboration SQL statement with any other application software will increase the ability for creating t-weight as measurement the typicality of each record in the characteristic rule and d-weight as measurement the discriminating behavior of the learned classification/discriminant rule, particularly for further generalization in characteristic rule. Handling concept hierarchy into tables based on concept tree will influence for the successful simple SQL statement and by knowing the right standard knowledge to transform each of concept tree in concept hierarchy into one table as transforming concept hierarchy into table, the simple SQL statement can be run properly.

  12. Background Oriented Schlieren in a Density Stratified Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verso, Lilly

    2015-01-01

    Non-intrusive quantitative fluid density measurements methods are essential in stratified flow experiments. Digital imaging leads to synthetic Schlieren methods in which the variations of the index of refraction are reconstructed computationally. In this study, an important extension to one of these methods, called Background Oriented Schlieren (BOS), is proposed. The extension enables an accurate reconstruction of the density field in stratified liquid experiments. Typically, the experiments are performed by the light source, background pattern, and the camera positioned on the opposite sides of a transparent vessel. The multi-media imaging through air-glass-water-glass-air leads to an additional aberration that destroys the reconstruction. A two-step calibration and image remapping transform are the key components that correct the images through the stratified media and provide non-intrusive full-field density measurements of transparent liquids.

  13. Application of object oriented programming techniques in front end computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skelly, J.F. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). AGS Dept.

    1997-11-01

    The Standard Model for accelerator control systems describes two levels of computers, often called Console Level Computers (CLCs) and Front End Computers (FECs), joined by a network. The Front End Computer (FEC) environment imposes special demands on software, beyond real time performance and robustness. FEC software must manage a diverse inventory of devices with individualistic timing requirements and hardware interfaces. It must implement network services which export device access to the control system at large, interpreting a uniform network communications protocol into the specific control requirements of the individual devices. Object oriented languages provide programming techniques which neatly address these challenges, and also offer benefits in terms of maintainability and flexibility. Applications are discussed which exhibit the use of inheritance, multiple inheritance and inheritance trees, and polymorphism to address the needs of FEC software.

  14. MORE operating system: a message oriented resource environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, B.; Poggio, M.

    1986-07-15

    The operating system, MORE (Message Oriented Resource Environment), is designed for a software engineering environment built on the VAXstation II micro-computer. The MORE operating system is based on the message passing model. The hardware configuration of the VAXstation II is described, including a thorough discussion of the hardware operating system support features of the VAX architecture. The software engineering environment that MORE will provide for the user is discussed. The operating system as the application programmer will see it is presented in the form of a system services manual for MORE. The concept of a server in MORE and the objects or resources manipulated by the servers are included. The high level implementation and organization of MORE, the device managers and drivers, and the kernel of MORE are detailed. 17 refs., 17 figs.

  15. Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan —— Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ximing, Lu

    2008-01-01

    Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan ——the automobile, the result is that car ownership has becomeof American families lack cars. In China, however, large

  16. An Examination of Sex, Ethnicity, and Sexual Orientation in Experiences and Consequences of Workplace Incivility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurbrugg, Lauren Elders

    2012-10-19

    Theories of intersectionality and selective incivility framed this study of interactions between sex, ethnicity, and sexual orientation, and their relationship with incivility and psychological and occupational outcomes. ...

  17. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Kentucky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    applies in cases of discrimination based on race, religion,Hold Hearing on Bill to Ban Discrimination Based on Sexualof sexual orientation discrimination complaints. See

  18. Maryland – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    Institute Employment Discrimination Report who served forregarding sexual orientation discrimination. While 60%Maryland favored a ban on discrimination against gay men and

  19. Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    description of the complete inputs see "Model Documentation for the MiniCAM" (Brenkert, Smith, Kim, and Pitcher, 2003). Case Studies Examples of how Object-Oriented Energy,...

  20. Simulation of Orientation in Injection Molding of High Aspect Ratio Particle Thermoplastic Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    Simulation of Orientation in Injection Molding of High Aspect Ratio Particle Thermoplastic ratio particle reinforced thermoplastics made by injection molding are an attractive technology

  1. Optimum fixed orientations and benefits of tracking for capturing solar radiation in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Optimum tilt of a solar collector, Solar & Wind Technology.and orientation for solar collector in Brunei Darussalam,Optimum tilt angle for solar collectors, Energy Sources.

  2. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ORIENTATION AND THE PASSIVITY AND BREAKDOWN OF BERYLLIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ORIENTATION AND THE PASSIVITY AND BREAKDOWN OF BERYLLIUM corrosion for S200D beryllium (Be) was found to decrease logarithmically with increasing chloride

  3. Transmembrane Helix Orientation and Dynamics: Insights from Ensemble Dynamics with Solid-State NMR Observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Sunhwan; Im, Wonpil

    2011-06-22

    As the major component of membrane proteins, transmembrane helices embedded in anisotropic bilayer environments adopt preferential orientations that are characteristic or related to their functional states. Recent developments ...

  4. A Classification of Trust Computation Models for Service-Oriented Internet of Things Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    , 15], smart-home, smart-city, and smart-community [25]. A service-oriented IoT system can be viewed

  5. Optimum fixed orientations and benefits of tracking for capturing solar radiation in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01

    and orientation for solar collector in Brunei Darussalam,Optimum tilt angle for solar collectors, Energy Sources.Optimum tilt of a solar collector, Solar & Wind Technology.

  6. CSP 585: Object-Oriented Design Patterns Gamma, Helm, Ralph, and Vlissides, Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    CSP 585: Object-Oriented Design Patterns Texts Gamma, Helm, Ralph, and Vlissides, Design Patterns and Design Patterns 5 hours Total 43 hours Edited March 2006. (html, css checks) CSP 585: Object

  7. Visual orientation in the sewer adaptation to the environment Marina Kolesnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    Visual orientation in the sewer ­ adaptation to the environment Marina Kolesnik Fraunhofer in an unusual environment ­ a sewer. The sewer environment exhibits two dominating features: restricted geometry the sewer geometry is taken into account, orientation of the robot can be derived from a visual analysis

  8. Differences in Head Orientation Behavior for Speakers and Listeners: An Experiment in a Virtual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    the speaker from the listeners. However, the human speaker identification results were rather low. Head2 Differences in Head Orientation Behavior for Speakers and Listeners: An Experiment in a Virtual good stimulus control. Head orientations were displayed as the only cue for focus attention

  9. Effects of LiDAR-Quickbird fusion on object-oriented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Effects of LiDAR-Quickbird fusion on object-oriented classification of mountain resort development Natalie Campos Rick Lawrence Brian McGlynn Kristin Gardner Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 03 Nov on object-oriented classification of mountain resort development Natalie Campos, Rick Lawrence, Brian Mc

  10. A Method for Ultralight UAV Orientation with Rare Updates of Its Location Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granichin, Oleg

    ABSTRACTS A Method for Ultralight UAV Orientation with Rare Updates of Its Location Data1 K. S UAVs are increasingly used to meet the challenge of area monitoring, both in military and civilian with noise, delays or could be absent. In this paper, a new ultralight UAVs orientation method is proposed

  11. Time optimization and state-dependent constraints in the quantum optimal control of molecular orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Ndong; C. Koch; D. Sugny

    2013-08-03

    We apply two recent generalizations of monotonically convergent optimization algorithms to the control of molecular orientation by laser fields. We show how to minimize the control duration by a step-wise optimization and maximize the field-free molecular orientation using state-dependent constraints. We discuss the physical relevance of the different results.

  12. Dynamic and scalable storage management architecture for Grid Oriented Storage devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Dynamic and scalable storage management architecture for Grid Oriented Storage devices Yuhui Deng a nodes. This paper proposes a Dynamic and Scalable Storage Management (DSSM) architecture for Grid Oriented Storage (GOS) devices. Since large-scale data intensive applications frequently involve a high

  13. Atomistic simulations of low-field mobility in Si nanowires: Influence of confinement and orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NWs considering: i) n- and p-type NWs, ii) [100], [110], and [111] transport orientations, and iii to additional degrees of freedom in engineering their properties: i) the length scale of the cross section, ii as a function of the cross sectional size, transport orientation, and carrier type is the focus of this work

  14. AUTOMATIC IMAGE ORIENTATION DETECTION USING THE SUPERVISED SELF-ORGANIZING MAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Xiaojun

    , Bangalore, India b Computer Science Department, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-4205 ABSTRACT of assisting the user in digitizing, storing, and retrieving images from digital libraries. All such systems require knowledge about the true image orientation, which is defined as "the orientation in which

  15. Fluorescence from a gelatin-based film containing isolated and orientated single-walled carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Fluorescence from a gelatin-based film containing isolated and orientated single-walled carbon a technique to fabricate a gelatin thin film that contains orientated and individually dispersed single with gelatin, and the gelatin-SWNTs solution was spread over a SiO2 substrate by sliding a wire-bar uniformly

  16. An Effective Class Hierarchy Concurrency Control Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenwald, Le

    1 An Effective Class Hierarchy Concurrency Control Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems-oriented databases (OODBs). Our scheme deals with class hierarchy which is an important property in OODBs. The existing concurrency controls for a class hierarchy perform well only for specific environments. Our scheme

  17. Object-oriented image analysis methods in disaster risk management state-of-the-art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Object-oriented image analysis methods in disaster risk management ­ state-of-the-art and prospects for disaster risk management Disaster Risk Object-oriented Management (DRM) Analysis (OOA) UP Diliman - OOA in the Philippines UP Diliman - OOA for DRM - 2014 5 Taught courses with GIZ and UPVTC on disaster risk management

  18. Object calculus and the object-oriented analysis and design of an error-sensitive GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duckham, Matt

    Object calculus and the object-oriented analysis and design of an error-sensitive GIS MATT DUCKHAM of an error-sensitive GIS Abstract. The use of object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD) in GIS research of the key contemporary issues in GIS. This paper examines the application of one particular OO formalism

  19. Computing local edge probability in natural scenes from a population of oriented simple cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mel, Bartlett

    is a critical function of biological visual systems, and a key step on the path to object recognition (Biederman in position and orientation, and their relative activation levels. Introduction Detecting object contours's output can be modeled under a wide range of experimental conditions as an oriented linear filter followed

  20. 14 Market-Oriented Cloud Computing and the Cloudbus Toolkit Rajkumar Buyya1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    1 14 Market-Oriented Cloud Computing and the Cloudbus Toolkit Rajkumar Buyya1,2 , Suraj Pandey1 , and Christian Vecchiola1 1 Cloud Computing and Distributed Systems (CLOUDS) Laboratory, Department of Computing OF CONTENTS 14 Market-Oriented Cloud Computing and the Cloudbus Toolkit

  1. Organization-Oriented Chemical Programming Naoki Matsumaru,Peter Kreyssig, Peter Dittrich (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittrich, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Matsumaru, Peter Kreyssig and Peter Dittrich chemical abstract machine (CHAM) [6]; P-Systems [31] stressing(preprint) Organization-Oriented Chemical Programming Naoki Matsumaru,Peter Kreyssig, Peter. Dittrich, P. Kreyssig. Organization-Oriented Chemical Programming. In: C. Muller- Schloer, H. Schmeck, T

  2. Single scattering parameters of randomly oriented snow particles at microwave frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    Single scattering parameters of randomly oriented snow particles at microwave frequencies Min for computations of single scattering parameters at microwave frequencies requires a thorough knowledge of how of randomly oriented snow particles at microwave frequencies, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D14201, doi:10

  3. PLASTICITY OF ORIENTATION PROCESSING IN ADULT VISUAL CORTEX Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sur, Mriganka

    1 PLASTICITY OF ORIENTATION PROCESSING IN ADULT VISUAL CORTEX Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur title: Orientation plasticity in V1 No. of figures: 5 Address correspondence to: Mriganka Sur Department by experience, a phenomenon termed "plasticity", has been accumulating steadily. The first reports of plasticity

  4. Two modes for dune orientation -Supplementary information Sylvain Courrech du Pont,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narteau, Clément

    Two modes for dune orientation - Supplementary information Sylvain Courrech du Pont,1, Cl flux over a linear dune 1 B. Bed Instability 2 C. Dune fingering 4 D. Wind speed-up 5 E. Discussion 6 II. Experiments 9 A. Dunes underwater 9 B. Experimental setup 10 C. Orientation, amplitude

  5. The Reactor An Object-Oriented Wrapper for Event-Driven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    The Reactor An Object-Oriented Wrapper for Event-Driven Port Monitoring and Service Demultiplexing) services within object- oriented (OO) C++ wrappers. The first article explains the main principles OO framework called the Reactor was developed to overcome these limitations. The Reactor provides

  6. Strong orientational effect of stretched aerogel on the 3 He order parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Strong orientational effect of stretched aerogel on the 3 He order parameter J. Elbs, Yu. M. Bunkov (Dated: February 18, 2013) Deformation of aerogel strongly modifies the orientation of the order parameter of superfluid 3 He confined in aerogel. We used a radial squeezing of aerogel to keep the orbital

  7. Solvent Control of the Soft Angular Potential in Hydroxyl-Hydrogen Bonds: Inertial Orientational Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Solvent Control of the Soft Angular Potential in Hydroxyl- Hydrogen Bonds: Inertial Orientational with the hydrogen bond. The complexes studied are composed of phenol-OD (hydroxyl hydrogen replaced by deuterium orientational motions of phenol-OD (phenyl hydroxyl hydrogen replaced by deuterium) in phenol/-base complexes

  8. A Semantic Approach for Schema Evolution and Versioning in ObjectOriented Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franconi, Enrico

    A Semantic Approach for Schema Evolution and Versioning in Object­Oriented Databases Enrico In this paper a semantic approach for the specification and the management of databases with evolving schemata is introduced. It is shown how a general object­oriented model for schema versioning and evolution can

  9. Object-oriented dialects of existing programming languages are often implemented using a preprocessor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Abstract Object-oriented dialects of existing programming languages are often implemented using a preprocessor that translates from the dialect to an equivalent program in the original programming language and parametric polymorphism in an object-oriented dialect of the Turing programming language are given

  10. What is ``Object-Oriented Programming''? (1991 revised version) Bjarne Stroustrup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    hierarchies. Features necessary to support these programming styles in a general purpose programming language. 1 Introduction Not all programming languages can be ``object oriented''. Yet claims have been made to the effect that APL, Ada, Clu, C++, LOOPS, and Smalltalk are object-oriented programming languages. I have

  11. Single-channel Head Orientation Estimation Based on Discrimination of Acoustic Transfer Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    of this method has been confirmed by talker localiza- tion and head orientation estimation experiments performed transfer function 1. Introduction For human-human or human-computer interaction, the talker's head on the talker's head orientation. Other approaches focus on the radiation pat- tern of the magnitude for each

  12. Barium ferrite thin film media with perpendicular c-axis orientation and small grain size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    Barium ferrite thin film media with perpendicular c-axis orientation and small grain size Zailong, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 Barium ferrite thin films with perpendicular c conditions. The c-axis orientation of barium ferrite thin films is most sensitive to the oxygen partial

  13. PARENT & FAMILY ORIENTATION HANDBOOK 2 0 1 5 / 2 0 1 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PARENT & FAMILY ORIENTATION HANDBOOK 2 0 1 5 / 2 0 1 6 w w w . u w i n d s o r. c a #12;As the new and Family Handbook 2015 Table of Contents Orientation Head Start Parent and Family Schedule of the Day

  14. Emigration Orientation of Juvenile Pond-Breeding Amphibians in Western Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGarigal, Kevin

    Emigration Orientation of Juvenile Pond-Breeding Amphibians in Western Massachusetts BRAD C. TIMM of four species of pond- breeding amphibians at 14 seasonal ponds over four consecutive years in western Massachusetts. Emigration orientation of each species was non-uniform for the majority of pond-years examined

  15. Orientation Refinement of Virus Structures with Unknown Symmetry Yongchang Ji, Dan C. Marinescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Timothy S.

    Orientation Refinement of Virus Structures with Unknown Symmetry Yongchang Ji, Dan C. Marinescu, in particular the structure determina- tion of viruses and other large macromolecular complexes leads to data determina- tion of viruses, the orientation refinement. 1. Introduction and Motivation Viruses are large

  16. Page 1 of 18 Agent Orientation as a Modelling Paradigm1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and behaviours of software systems. It can be seen as part of an ongoing trend towards greater interactivity as for software construction. Models and languages are crucial for requirements engineering. They allow the right://www.fis.utoronto.ca/~yu ABSTRACT Agent orientation is emerging as a new paradigm for constructing software systems. Agent- oriented

  17. BIST for Word-Oriented DRAM L. Zakrevski, M. Karpovsky, S. H. Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpovsky, Mark

    BIST for Word-Oriented DRAM L. Zakrevski, M. Karpovsky, S. H. Yang Research Lab. on Reliable generation for detection of coupling faults between cells in word- oriented memories is considered. According to this fault model, contents of any w-bit memory word in a memory with n words, or ability to change

  18. Elimination of Orientation in Perfluorinated Ionomer J.A. Elliott, S. Hanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, James

    produced by film blowing were less oriented than commercial membranes produced by flat-film extrusion of the precursor. Biaxial drawing of commercial membranes at temperatures above the glass- transition temperature of these samples were significantly more oriented than membranes made by film blowing. Orienta- tion was eliminated

  19. Bulk and Surface Molecular Orientation Distribution in Injection-molded Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Experiment and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.; Burghardt, W; Bubeck, R; Burgard, S; Fischer, D

    2010-01-01

    Bulk and surface distributions of molecular orientation in injection-molded plaques of thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers (TLCPs) have been studied using a combination of techniques, coordinated with process simulations using the Larson-Doi 'polydomain' model. Wide-angle X-ray scattering was used to map out the bulk orientation distribution. Fourier Transform Infrared Attenuated Total Reflectance (FTIR-ATR) and Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) were utilized to probe the molecular orientation states to within about {approx}5 {micro}m and {approx}2 nm, respectively, of the sample surface. These noninvasive, surface-sensitive techniques yield reasonable self-consistency, providing complementary validation of the robustness of these methods. An analogy between Larson-Doi and fiber orientation models has allowed the first simulations of TLCP injection molding. The simulations capture many fine details in the bulk orientation distribution across the sample plaque. Direct simulation of surface orientation at the level probed by FTIR-ATR and NEXAFS was not possible due to the limited spatial resolution of the simulations. However, simulation results extracted from the shear-dominant skin region are found to provide a qualitatively accurate indicator of surface orientation. Finally, simulations capture the relation between bulk and surface orientation states across the different regions of the sample plaque.

  20. (001) Oriented piezoelectric films prepared by chemical solution deposition on Ni foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeo, Hong Goo, E-mail: hxy162@psu.edu; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan [Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

    2014-07-07

    Flexible metal foil substrates are useful in some microelectromechanical systems applications including wearable piezoelectric sensors or energy harvesters based on Pb(Zr,Ti)O? (PZT) thin films. Full utilization of the potential of piezoelectrics on metal foils requires control of the film crystallographic texture. In this study, (001) oriented PZT thin films were grown by chemical solution deposition (CSD) on Ni foil and Si substrates. Ni foils were passivated using HfO? grown by atomic layer deposition in order to suppress substrate oxidation during subsequent thermal treatment. To obtain the desired orientation of PZT film, strongly (100) oriented LaNiO? films were integrated by CSD on the HfO? coated substrates. A high level of (001) LaNiO? and PZT film orientation were confirmed by X-ray diffraction patterns. Before poling, the low field dielectric permittivity and loss tangents of (001) oriented PZT films on Ni are near 780 and 0.04 at 1 kHz; the permittivity drops significantly on poling due to in-plane to out-of-plane domain switching. (001) oriented PZT film on Ni displayed a well-saturated hysteresis loop with a large remanent polarization ~36 ?C/cm², while (100) oriented PZT on Si showed slanted P-E hysteresis loops with much lower remanent polarizations. The |e{sub 31,f}| piezoelectric coefficient was around 10.6 C/m² for hot-poled (001) oriented PZT film on Ni.

  1. AUTOMATIC EXTERIOR ORIENTATION OF AERIAL IMAGES IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS C. Drewniok, K. Rohr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg,.Universität

    AUTOMATIC EXTERIOR ORIENTATION OF AERIAL IMAGES IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS C. Drewniok, K. Rohr-Based Detection, Invariants ABSTRACT We present an approach for automatic exterior orientation of aerial images: First, a landmark extraction scheme which enables us to automatically detect and precisely localize many

  2. Preferred Collagen Fiber Orientation in the Human Mid-shaft Femur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Haviva M.

    Preferred Collagen Fiber Orientation in the Human Mid-shaft Femur HAVIVA M. GOLDMAN,1 * TIMOTHY G adults, the variability of collagen fiber orientation in the mid-shaft femur was examined in relation across the mid-shaft femur sample; however, no single "human" pattern was identified. Individual

  3. X-FCSR: a new software oriented stream cipher based upon FCSRs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    X-FCSR: a new software oriented stream cipher based upon FCSRs Fran¸cois Arnault1, Thierry P will describe X-FCSR a family of software oriented stream cipher using FCSRs. The core of the system is composed. In this way, we achieve a high throughput and secure stream ciphers suitable for software applications (6

  4. Hardware-oriented Specification Hardware Circuits Hardware Description in C Hardware Design for Cryptographers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaumont, Patrick

    Hardware-oriented Specification Hardware Circuits Hardware Description in C Hardware Design, VA Design and Security of Cryptographic Functions, Algorithms and Devices, 2013 #12;Hardware-oriented Specification Hardware Circuits Hardware Description in C Why should a cryptographer care about hardware? Many

  5. Anodic Electrodeposition of Highly Oriented Zirconium Phosphate and Polyaniline-Intercalated Zirconium Phosphate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anodic Electrodeposition of Highly Oriented Zirconium Phosphate and Polyaniline-Intercalated Zirconium Phosphate Films Takahiro Takei,*,, Yoji Kobayashi, Hideo Hata, Yoshinori Yonesaki, Nobuhiro Kumada@yamanashi.ac.jp Abstract: Films of highly oriented R-zirconium phosphate and polyaniline-intercalated zirconium phosphate

  6. A Software-Oriented Floating-Point Format for Enhancing Automotive Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwu, Wen-mei W.

    A Software-Oriented Floating-Point Format for Enhancing Automotive Control Systems Daniel A, yamada, hwug@crhc.uiuc.edu August 11, 1999 In recent years, the software of automotive control sys- tems- ber computation in automotive control systems by design- ing a new software-oriented floating

  7. An analysis of the orientation of an orb-web spider Wes Maciejewski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Wes

    An analysis of the orientation of an orb-web spider Wes Maciejewski Department of Mathematics 2010 Keywords: Orbicularia Spider orientation Web geometry Web asymmetry a b s t r a c t In nature, orb-web spinning spiders are often observed residing on the hub of their web, facing down. An explanation

  8. Software Quality Journal Vol. 12 No. 2, 2004 Editorial: Aspect-oriented Technology and Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieman, James M.

    , aspect-oriented technology has both benefits and costs (Alexander, 2003). Here we examine these costs into the costs and effects. At a first glace, as with most new technologies, the benefits are promising. However, each new technology brings with it a set of costs, and aspect-oriented technology is no exception

  9. Practical Task-Oriented Parallelism for Gaussian Elimination in Distributed Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperman, Gene

    discusses a methodology for easily and e ciently paralleliz- ing sequential algorithms in linear algebra of TOP-C (Task-Oriented Parallel C), an exam- ple of a system to support task-oriented parallelism adaptable to many tasks in linear algebra. We take Gaussian elimination as our example in this article. 1

  10. Practical Task-Oriented Parallelism for Gaussian Elimination in Distributed Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperman, Gene

    discusses a methodology for easily and efficiently paralleliz- ing sequential algorithms in linear algebra of TOP-C (Task-Oriented Parallel C), an exam- ple of a system to support task-oriented parallelism adaptable to many tasks in linear algebra. We take Gaussian elimination as our example in this article. 1

  11. Optical response with threefold symmetry axis on oriented microdomains of opal photonic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optical response with threefold symmetry axis on oriented microdomains of opal photonic crystals L November 2008 Opal photonic crystals viewed along the 111 direction of the fcc structure have a threefold measurements on 111 -stacked silica opals with single oriented microdomains, identified by field

  12. Supplier Coalition Formation in Buyer-Oriented Markets S. Oshkai and D. Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, David

    1 Supplier Coalition Formation in Buyer-Oriented Markets S. Oshkai and D. Wu Lehigh University Modern buyer-oriented markets present participating suppliers with the opportunity to form coalitions. One of the attractive features of coalition formation is that it enables a group of suppliers

  13. Security Challenges for User-Oriented RFID Applications within the `Internet of Things'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancke, Gerhard

    Security Challenges for User-Oriented RFID Applications within the `Internet of Things' G.P. HANCKE to be an important building block of the `Internet of Things' and examine how RFID, assisted by the deployment of NFC will need to address. Keywords: RFID, NFC, security, `Internet of Things', user-oriented architecture 1

  14. Highly oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raychaudhuri, Pratap

    Highly oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited graphene Garima field of 33 T. In addition, we demonstrate a process for obtaining flexible, free-standing NbN films

  15. Exploring and Reducing the Effects of Orientation on Text Readability in Volumetric Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Exploring and Reducing the Effects of Orientation on Text Readability in Volumetric Displays Tovi.dgp.toronto.edu {tovi, dwigdor, ravin}@dgp.toronto.edu ABSTRACT Volumetric displays, which provide a 360° view, presenting text in volumetric displays can be a challenge, as the text may not be oriented towards the user

  16. (will be inserted by the editor) Dual Orientation and Variant Selection during Diffusional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    - volves long-range diffusion and which undoubtedly is the dominant phase in the vast majority of steels(will be inserted by the editor) Dual Orientation and Variant Selection during Diffusional it is in contact. However, the theoretical prob- ability for the development of such a dual orientation has

  17. Comparison of CDMS [100] and [111] Oriented Germanium Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leman, S.W.; Hertel, S.A.; /MIT, MKI; Kim, P.; /SLAC; Cabrera, B.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Do Couto E.Silva, E.; /SLAC; Figueroa-Feliciano, E.; McCarthy, K.A.; /MIT, MKI; Resch, R.; /SLAC; Sadoulet, B.; Sundqvist, K.M.; /UC, Berkeley

    2012-09-14

    The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) utilizes large mass, 3-inch diameter x 1-inch thick target masses as particle detectors. The target is instrumented with both phonon and ionization sensors and comparison of energy in each channel provides event-by-event classification of electron and nuclear recoils. Fiducial volume is determined by the ability to obtain good phonon and ionization signal at a particular location. Due to electronic band structure in germanium, electron mass is described by an anisotropic tensor with heavy mass aligned along the symmetry axis defined by the [111] Miller index (L valley), resulting in large lateral component to the transport. The spatial distribution of electrons varies significantly for detectors which have their longitudinal axis orientations described by either the [100] or [111] Miller indices. Electric fields with large fringing component at high detector radius also affect the spatial distribution of electrons and holes. Both effects are studied in a 3 dimensional Monte Carlo and the impact on fiducial volume is discussed.

  18. STEADY TWIN-JETS ORIENTATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR FORMATION MECHANISM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soker, Noam; Mcley, Liron E-mail: lironmc@tx.technion.ac.il

    2013-08-01

    We compare the structures of the jets of the pre-planetary nebulae (pre-PNe) CRL618 and the young stellar object (YSO) NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2 and propose that in both cases the jets are launched near periastron passages of a highly eccentric binary system. The pre-PN CRL618 has two ''twin-jets'' on each side, where by ''twin-jets'' we refer to a structure where one side is composed of two very close and narrow jets that were launched at the same time. We analyze the position-velocity diagram of NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2, and find that it also has the twin-jet structure. In both systems, the orientation of the two twin-jets does not change with time. By comparing these two seemingly different objects, we speculate that the constant relative direction of the two twin-jets is fixed by the direction of a highly eccentric orbit of a binary star. For example, a double-arm spiral structure in the accretion disk induced by the companion might lead to the launching of the twin-jets. We predict the presence of a low-mass stellar companion in CRL618 that accretes mass and launches the jets, and a substellar (a planet of a brown dwarf) companion to the YSO NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2 that perturbed the accretion disk. In both cases the orbit has a high eccentricity.

  19. An I-P-O model of team goal, leader goal orientation, team cohesiveness, and team effectiveness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chien-Feng

    2006-04-12

    Based on a proposed input-process-output model of team goal, leader goal orientation, team cohesion, and team effectiveness, this study examined the influences of the leader trait goal orientation on the relationships between team goals and team...

  20. CORE SHAPES AND ORIENTATIONS OF CORE-SÉRSIC GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dullo, Bililign T.; Graham, Alister W., E-mail: Bdullo@astro.swin.edu.au [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia)

    2015-01-01

    The inner and outer shapes and orientations of core-Sérsic galaxies may hold important clues to their formation and evolution. We have therefore measured the central and outer ellipticities and position angles for a sample of 24 core-Sérsic galaxies using archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images and data. By selecting galaxies with core-Sérsic break radii R{sub b} —a measure of the size of their partially depleted core—that are ? 0.''2, we find that the ellipticities and position angles are quite robust against HST seeing. For the bulk of the galaxies, there is a good agreement between the ellipticities and position angles at the break radii and the average outer ellipticities and position angles determined over R {sub e}/2 < R < R {sub e}, where R {sub e} is the spheroids' effective half light radius. However there are some interesting differences. We find a median ''inner'' ellipticity at R{sub b} of ?{sub med} = 0.13 ± 0.01, rounder than the median ellipticity of the ''outer'' regions ?{sub med} = 0.20 ± 0.01, which is thought to reflect the influence of the central supermassive black hole at small radii. In addition, for the first time we find a trend, albeit weak (2? significance), such that galaxies with larger (stellar deficit-to-supermassive black hole) mass ratios—thought to be a measure of the number of major dry merger events—tend to have rounder inner and outer isophotes, suggesting a connection between the galaxy shapes and their merger histories. We show that this finding is not simply reflecting the well known result that more luminous galaxies are rounder, but it is no doubt related.

  1. THE CURIOUS MORPHOLOGY AND ORIENTATION OF ORION PROPLYD HST-10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shuping, R. Y.; Kassis, Marc; Bally, John; Morris, Mark R.

    2014-02-01

    HST-10 is one of the largest proplyds in the Orion Nebula and is located approximately 1' SE of the Trapezium. Unlike other proplyds in Orion, however, the long-axis of HST-10 does not align with ?{sup 1} C, but is instead aligned with the rotational axis of the HST-10 disk. This cannot be easily explained using current photoevaporation models. In this Letter, we present high spatial resolution near-infrared images of the Orion proplyd HST-10 using Keck/NIRC2 with the Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics system, along with multi-epoch analysis of HH objects near HST-10 using Hubble Space Telescope (HST) WFPC2 and Advanced Camera for Surveys cameras. Our narrowband near-IR images resolve the proplyd ionization front (IF) and circumstellar disk down to 23 AU at the distance to Orion in Br ?, He I, H{sub 2}, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission. Br ? and He I emission primarily trace the IF (with the disk showing prominently in silhouette), while the H{sub 2} and PAH emission trace the surface of the disk itself. PAH emission also traces small dust grains within the proplyd envelope which is asymmetric and does not coincide with the IF. The curious morphology of the PAH emission may be due to UV heating by both ?{sup 1} COri and ?{sup 2} AOri. Multi-epoch HST images of the HST-10 field show proper motion of three knots associated with HH 517, clearly indicating that HST-10 has a jet. We postulate that the orientation of HST-10 is determined by the combined ram pressure of this jet and the FUV-powered photo-ablation flow from the disk surface.

  2. Orientation-dependent binding energy of graphene on palladium Branden B. Kappes, Abbas Ebnonnasir, Suneel Kodambaka, and Cristian V. Ciobanu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciobanu, Cristian

    Orientation-dependent binding energy of graphene on palladium Branden B. Kappes, Abbas Ebnonnasir;Orientation-dependent binding energy of graphene on palladium Branden B. Kappes,1,a) Abbas Ebnonnasir,1 Suneel on Pd(111) for a range of in-plane orientations and show that the atomic- level carbon­palladium

  3. A Survey of Schema Evolution in Object-Oriented Databases School of Information Systems, Technology and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madiraju, Praveen

    A Survey of Schema Evolution in Object-Oriented Databases Xue Li School of Information Systems in the schema evolution of object- oriented databases. The main issues in the current research are identified. 1. Changes in the real world can be reflected as the evolution of object- oriented databases. Database

  4. Mesh-based spherical deconvolution: A flexible approach to reconstruction of non-negative fiber orientation distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    : those which estimate the diffusion orientation distribution function (dODF), i.e., the radial projection-weighted MRI has enabled the imaging of white matter architecture in vivo. Fiber orientations have classically. We demonstrate how this formulation enables the estimation of fiber orientation distributions which

  5. Sterically Engineered Perylene Dyes for High Efficiency Oriented Fluorophore Luminescent Solar Concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, David L.

    Sterically Engineered Perylene Dyes for High Efficiency Oriented Fluorophore Luminescent Solar Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) collect and concentrate sunlight for use in solar power generation.1 or interior lighting, increasing the combined-cycle efficiency. Accordingly, LSC performance is expressed

  6. Service Oriented Architecture as a strategy for business improvement in the enterprise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Paul R. (Paul Robert)

    2008-01-01

    The service concepts found in Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) have been used in software design for many years, with ever-improving tools and a growing understanding of where and how SOA should be applied. Applications ...

  7. An updated object oriented bovine QTL viewer and genome-wide bovine meta-analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salih, Hanni

    2009-05-15

    through the World Wide Web. The viewer was created using java object oriented programming and was implemented using the GOOF package. To our knowledge, this viewer is the first tool that integrates bovine QTL, SNPs and haplotypes with respect...

  8. Determinants of parental satisfaction with a child's disclosure of a gay or lesbian sexual orientation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Andrew D

    2006-10-30

    This study was an attempt to begin to understand the phenomenon of coming out from the parental perspective. Specifically, it focused on the factors contained within a child�s disclosure of his or her sexual orientation ...

  9. Predicting Academic Achievement: The Role Of Parenting, Nonverbal Intelligence, and Goal Orientation in Turkish Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korkmaz, Ummugulsum

    2014-07-25

    The purpose of this research is to examine parenting, child goal orientation, and child nonverbal intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among fifth grade Turkish children. The influence of intelligence, parenting ...

  10. Orientation-Dependent Interfacial Mobility Governs the Anisotropic Swelling in Lithiated Silicon Nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ting

    (LIBs) for portable electronics, hybrid electric vehicles, and large scale energy storage has stimulatedOrientation-Dependent Interfacial Mobility Governs the Anisotropic Swelling in Lithiated Silicon-induced volume expansion in silicon nanowires, nanopillars, and microslabs is highly anisotropic

  11. Names. JOURNAL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : 1 Sept 2013 Orientation Field Guided Texture Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    control is often a life-saver in the design process. For instance, if the nonintu- itive Dirichlet induced by min- imizing the Dirichlet energy. · An orientation field design tool based on an associated

  12. Relationship between suspicious coincidence in natural images and contour-salience in oriented filter responses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarma, Subramonia P.

    2004-09-30

    be utilized to the problem of salience detection. First, I identify a method to find the best threshold on the response activity (orientation energy) toward the detection of salient contours: compare the response distribution to a Gaussian distribution...

  13. Ultrafast electron transfer at organic semiconductor interfaces: Importance of molecular orientation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ayzner, Alexander L.; Nordlund, Dennis; Kim, Do -Hwan; Bao, Zhenan; Toney, Michael F.

    2014-12-04

    Much is known about the rate of photoexcited charge generation in at organic donor/acceptor (D/A) heterojunctions overaged over all relative arrangements. However, there has been very little experimental work investigating how the photoexcited electron transfer (ET) rate depends on the precise relative molecular orientation between D and A in thin solid films. This is the question that we address in this work. We find that the ET rate depends strongly on the relative molecular arrangement: The interface where the model donor compound copper phthalocyanine is oriented face-on with respect to the fullerene C60 acceptor yields a rate that is approximatelymore »4 times faster than that of the edge-on oriented interface. Our results suggest that the D/A electronic coupling is significantly enhanced in the face-on case, which agrees well with theoretical predictions, underscoring the importance of controlling the relative interfacial molecular orientation.« less

  14. Washington – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    28, 1998). Id. Gaylord v. Tacoma Sch. Dist. , 88 Wn.2d 286,all employers with one or more employees. 74 City of TacomaThe Tacoma ordinance covers both sexual orientation and

  15. Effects of density on displacement, falls, injuries, and orientation during horse transportation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Maranda Nicole

    2000-01-01

    Three groups of horses (totaling 30 mares and 29 geldings) purchased from local auctions, were used to determine density effects on displacement (distance moved during a stop), falls, injuries, and orientation using a ...

  16. SIMULATION OF ORIENTATION IN INJECTION MOLDING OF A HIGHLY CONCENTRATED, SHORT GLASS FIBER THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES Gregorio M. Vélez-García, Kevin Ortman, Aaron P.R. Eberle, Peter Wapperom, and Donald G of the fiber orientation. Introduction Fiber reinforced thermoplastic made by injection molding

  17. Integrating Building Information Modeling with Object-Oriented Physical Modeling for Building Thermal Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Woon Seong

    2014-09-05

    This study presents a Building Information Modeling (BIM) to Building Energy Modeling (BEM) translation framework (BIM2BEM) through the integration of BIM with Object-Oriented Physical Modeling (OOPM) for building thermal simulation to support...

  18. Multi-length scale design of deformation processes for control of orientation (texture) dependent properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    Multi-length scale design of deformation processes for control of orientation (texture) dependent properties Shankar Ganapathysubramanian and Nicholas Zabaras Materials Process Design and Control Laboratory are quite sensitive to the anisotropy of these crystalline materials. Process optimization is especially

  19. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Sugarcane Rind and Mixed Hardwood Oriented Strandboard Bonded with PF Resin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comrind and hardwoods oriented strandboard (OSB) was manufactured using phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin, accounting for more than 40% of the total U.S. production (Rowell 1995). Large quantities of outer rinds (i

  20. Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehnhausen, Martin

    2009-07-10

    This thesis describes a system called the Transportation Security SensorNet that can be used to perform extensive cargo monitoring. It is built as a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) using open web service specifications ...

  1. Ultrafast electron transfer at organic semiconductor interfaces: Importance of molecular orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayzner, Alexander L.; Nordlund, Dennis; Kim, Do -Hwan; Bao, Zhenan; Toney, Michael F.

    2014-12-04

    Much is known about the rate of photoexcited charge generation in at organic donor/acceptor (D/A) heterojunctions overaged over all relative arrangements. However, there has been very little experimental work investigating how the photoexcited electron transfer (ET) rate depends on the precise relative molecular orientation between D and A in thin solid films. This is the question that we address in this work. We find that the ET rate depends strongly on the relative molecular arrangement: The interface where the model donor compound copper phthalocyanine is oriented face-on with respect to the fullerene C60 acceptor yields a rate that is approximately 4 times faster than that of the edge-on oriented interface. Our results suggest that the D/A electronic coupling is significantly enhanced in the face-on case, which agrees well with theoretical predictions, underscoring the importance of controlling the relative interfacial molecular orientation.

  2. An object-oriented process tracking system for a distributed system without global clock 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viswanathan, Rajeswaran

    1995-01-01

    of bugs. Process tracking and ordering is an essential part of distributed debugging. Many hardware techniques have been explored in the past to maintain a precise global clock to track processes. This thesis proposes an object-oriented software solution...

  3. The Effects of Fracture Orientation and Anisotropy on Hydraulic Fracture Conductivity in the Marcellus Shale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinley, Mark John

    2015-05-12

    horizontal and vertical orientations. The Marcellus shale, located primarily in Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, New York, and Maryland, is the largest gas-bearing shale formation in North America, and its development has significant implications...

  4. Pedestrian-oriented design and sense of community: a comparative study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukolratanametee, Sineenart

    2009-06-02

    The primary objective of the research is to examine the attempt of new urbanism principles to promote a sense of community through its pedestrian-oriented design guidelines of neighborhoods. The following questions will be addressed to examine...

  5. Biomaterials 24 (2003) 39553968 Effect of orientation on the in vitro fracture toughness of dentin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    2003-01-01

    Biomaterials 24 (2003) 3955­3968 Effect of orientation on the in vitro fracture toughness of dentin, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA b Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences

  6. Large Scale Performance Measurement of Content-Based Automated Image-Orientation Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Large Scale Performance Measurement of Content-Based Automated Image-Orientation Detection Abstract (sepia toned), contains reflections in water, and contains few markers. Row 4: If deeper information

  7. Typestate-Oriented Programming Jonathan Aldrich Joshua Sunshine Darpan Saini Zachary Sparks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Jonathan

    . In the last decade, sophisticated object-oriented libraries and frameworks have leveraged the power of objects [Strom and Yemini 1986]. A familiar example is files that may be open or closed. In the open state, one

  8. On the Relationships of Substrate Orientation, Hydrogen Abstraction, and Product Stereochemistry in Single and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    On the Relationships of Substrate Orientation, Hydrogen Abstraction, and Product Stereochemistry) catalysis with a conserved active site alanine for S configuration hydroperoxide products for this stereocontrol we compared the stereoselec- tivity of the initiating hydrogen abstraction in soybean LOX-1

  9. A robust method for fracture orientation and density detection from seismic scattered energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Xinding

    2011-01-01

    The measurements of fracture parameters, such as fracture orientation, fracture density and fracture compliance, in a reservoir is very important for field development and exploration. Traditional seismic methods for ...

  10. Precise orientation of single crystals by a simple x-ray diffraction rocking curve method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doucette, L.D.; Pereira da Cunha, M.; Lad, R.J.

    2005-03-01

    A simple method has been developed for accurately measuring the crystallographic orientation of a single crystal boule, employing a conventional four-circle x-ray diffraction arrangement in the rocking curve mode which relaxes the need for precise instrument and/or reference alignment. By acquiring a total of eight rocking curve measurements at specific orientations about the specimen azimuth, the absolute miscut angle between a crystal surface and the desired crystallographic plane can be resolved to within {+-}0.01 deg.

  11. Fabrication process development for micro heat pipes using orientation dependent etching 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Akther Salehuddin

    1991-01-01

    FABRICATION PROCESS DEVELOPMENT FOR MICRO HEAT PIPES USING ORIENTATION DEPENDENT ETCHING A Thesis by AKTHER SALEHUDDIN AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering FABRICATION PROCESS DEVELOPMENT FOR MICRO HEAT PIPES USING ORIENTATION DEPENDENT ETCHING A Thesis by AKTHER SALEHUDDIN AHMED Approved as style and content by: Mark H...

  12. Occupational status orientations and perception of opportunity: A racial comparison of rural youth from depressed areas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ameen, Bilquis Ara

    1968-01-01

    OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL COMPARISON OF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMEEN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas 'A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of January 1968 Major Subject: Sociology OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL CCMPARISON CF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMER% Approved as to style and content...

  13. Effect of orientation and location during transport on stress and maintenance of balance in horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Diana Kathleen

    1991-01-01

    EFFECT OF ORIENTATION AND LOCATION DURING TRANSPORT ON STRESS AND MAINTENANCE OF BALANCE IN HORSES A Thesis by DIANA KATHLEEN CLARK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AKIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Animal Science EFFECT OF ORIENTATION AND LOCATION DURING TRANSPORT ON STRESS AND MAINTENANCE OF BALANCE IN HORSES A Thesis by Diana Xathleen Clark Approved as to style and content by: T. H...

  14. Seismic reflection data analysis of the Oriente and Swan Fracture Zones bounding the Cayman Trough 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinker, Mary Norris

    1986-01-01

    SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Approved as to style and content by: D. A. Fa quiet...

  15. Approach- and Withdrawal-Oriented Responses to Social Rejection: The Role of Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Carly Kathryn

    2011-02-22

    - AND WITHDRAWAL-ORIENTED RESPONSES TO SOCIAL REJECTION: THE ROLE OF ASYMMETRICAL FRONTAL CORTICAL ACTIVITY A Thesis by CARLY KATHRYN PETERSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2009 Major Subject: Psychology APPROACH- AND WITHDRAWAL-ORIENTED RESPONSES TO SOCIAL REJECTION: THE ROLE OF ASYMMETRICAL FRONTAL CORTICAL ACTIVITY A Thesis by CARLY KATHRYN...

  16. An object-oriented construction kit architecture for designing man/machine interfaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSoi, John Francis

    1988-01-01

    AN OBJECT-ORIENTED CONSTRUCTION KIT ARCHITECTURE FOR DESIGNING MAN/MACHINE INTERFACES A Thesis by JOHN FRANCIS DESOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Computer Science AN OBJECT-ORIENTED CONSTRUCTION KIT ARCHITECTURE FOR DESIGNING MAN/MACHINE INTERFACES A Thesis by JOHN FRANCIS DESOI Approved as to style and content by: William Lively j (Chair...

  17. A review of "The Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India" by Rahul Sapra 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Nagendra

    2012-01-01

    to the Prince upon severall occasions? in future anthologies. His inclusion would allow us to paint a fuller picture of the civil war experience. Rahul Sapra. The Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India. Newark:: University... and by implication all Indians in another. ?e aim of ?e Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India is to show that a simplistic interpretation of eastern culture and civilization is unwarranted and undesirable, since it produces faulty...

  18. Probing protein orientation near charged nanosurfaces for simulation-assisted biosensor design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher D. Cooper; Natalia C. Clementi; Lorena A. Barba

    2015-08-20

    Protein-surface interactions are ubiquitous in biological processes and bioengineering, yet are not fully understood. In biosensors, a key factor determining the sensitivity and thus the performance of the device is the orientation of the ligand molecules on the bioactive device surface. Adsorption studies thus seek to determine how orientation can be influenced by surface preparation. In this work, protein orientation near charged nanosurfaces is obtained under electrostatic effects using the Poisson-Boltzmann equation, in an implicit-solvent model. Sampling the free energy for protein GB1D4' at a range of tilt and rotation angles with respect to the charged surface, we calculated the probability of the protein orientations and observed a dipolar behavior. This result is consistent with published experimental studies and combined Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations using this small protein, validating our method. More relevant to biosensor technology, antibodies such as immunoglobulin G are still a formidable challenge to molecular simulation, due to their large size. We obtained the probability distribution of orientations for the iso-type IgG2a at varying surface charge and salt concentration. This iso-type was not found to have a preferred orientation in previous studies, unlike the iso-type IgG1 whose larger dipole moment was assumed to make it easier to control. We find that the preferred orientation of IgG2a can be favorable for biosensing with positive surface charge of 0.05C/m$^{2}$ or higher and 37mM salt concentration. The results also show that local interactions dominate over dipole moment for this protein. Improving immunoassay sensitivity may thus be assisted by numerical studies using our method (and open-source code), guiding changes to fabrication protocols or protein engineering of ligand molecules to obtain more favorable orientations.

  19. Clean Room Orientation Notes: Overview and General Safety Completion of Clean Room Orientation allows you to gain access to the clean room to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    and its equipment. 1. Cleanroom Policies a. Only people who have completed clean room orientation Bryant, phone: 272-7671 Cleanroom Manager: Beth Fuchs, phone: 272-7844 Cleanroom Technical Staff: Karen allowed to resume working in the clean room. i. Users may regain cleanroom access sooner by performing

  20. Orientation effects on the measurement and analysis of critical CTOA in an aluminum alloy sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, M.A.; Dawicke, D.S.; Newman, J.C. Jr.

    1995-12-31

    Fracture tests were conducted on 76.2 mm wide, 2.3 mm thick middle crack tension (M(T)) specimens machined from 2024-T3 aluminum sheet. The specimens were tested in the T-L orientation and comparisons were made to similar tests conducted in the L-T orientation. Measurement of critical crack tip opening angle (CTOA), applied stress, and crack front shape were made as a function of crack extension. A two-dimensional, elastic-plastic finite element analysis was used to simulate the fracture behavior for both orientations. The results indicate that the T-L orientation had a 10% lower stress at fracture than similar tests conducted in the L-T orientation. Correspondingly, the critical CTOA in the T-L tests reached a constant value of 4.7{degree} after 2--3 mm of crack extension and the L-T tests reached a value of 6{degree}. The fracture surface of the T-L specimens were observed to remain flat, while those of the L-T specimens transitioned to a 45{degree} slant fracture after about 2--3 mm of crack extension. The tunneling behavior of the two orientations also differed; the T-L specimens reached a deeply tunneled stabilized crack front shape, while the L-T specimens were observed to have only a small amount of tunneling once the crack began to grow on the 45{degree} slant. The two-dimensional, elastic-plastic finite element analysis was able to simulate the fracture behavior for both the T-L and L-T orientations.

  1. ForPeerReview Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugiyama, Lawrence S.

    of using accelerometry technology to examine activity patterns and energy use regulation among indigenous Wiley - Manuscript type: Original Research Article Date Submitted by the Author: n/a Complete List energy expenditure (AEE), and physical activity levels (PAL) were significantly higher (P

  2. Forest Clearing in the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Study of Patterns Over Space and Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    David Carr Æ Alisson Barbieri Æ Richard Bilsborrow Æ Chirayath Suchindran Published online: 11 September-mail: wpan@jhsph.edu D. Carr Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA A and Roper 1996; Bilsborrow and Carr 2001). Recent studies in Latin America have shown that population growth

  3. Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager-horticulturalist population as measured using accelerometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Leonard et al. , 1995 HRM Highland Ecuadoreans Leonard etal. , 1995 HRM Ache (Paraguay) TIME Yakut (Siberia) Hill etal. , 2001 TIME Huli (PNG) DLW HRM n Age (years) Weight (kg)

  4. High degree of molecular orientation by a combination of THz and femtosecond laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kitano, Kenta; Ishii, Nobuhisa; Itatani, Jiro [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan) and CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

    2011-11-15

    We propose a method for achieving molecular orientation by two-step excitation with intense femtosecond laser and terahertz (THz) pulses. First, the femtosecond laser pulse induces off-resonant impulsive Raman excitation to create rotational wave packets. Next, a delayed intense THz pulse effectively induces resonant dipole transition between neighboring rotational states. By controlling the intensities of both the pulses and the time delay, we can create rotational wave packets consisting of states with different parities in order to achieve a high degree of molecular orientation under a field-free condition. We numerically demonstrate that the highest degree of orientation of >0.8 in HBr molecules is feasible under experimentally available conditions.

  5. Mixed-field orientation of a thermal ensemble of linear polar molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiste, Juan J

    2013-01-01

    We present a theoretical study of the impact of an electrostatic field combined with nonresonant linearly polarized laser pulses on the rotational dynamics of a thermal ensemble of linear molecules. We solve the time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equation within the rigid rotor approximation for several rotational states. Using the carbonyl sulfide (OCS) molecule as a prototype, the mixed-field orientation of a thermal sample is analyzed in detail for experimentally accessible static field strengths and laser pulses. We demonstrate that for the characteristic field configuration used in current mixed-field orientation experiments, a significant orientation is obtained for rotational temperatures below 0.7K or using stronger dc fields.

  6. Ionization of oriented carbonyl sulfide molecules by intense circularly polarized laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimitrovski, Darko; Abu-samha, Mahmoud; Madsen, Lars Bojer; Filsinger, Frank; Meijer, Gerard; Kuepper, Jochen [Lundbeck Foundation Theoretical Center for Quantum System Research, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D-14195 Berlin (Germany); Holmegaard, Lotte; Kalhoej, Line [Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Nielsen, Jens H. [Department of Physics, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Stapelfeldt, Henrik [Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

    2011-02-15

    We present combined experimental and theoretical results on strong-field ionization of oriented carbonyl sulfide molecules by circularly polarized laser pulses. The obtained molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions show pronounced asymmetries perpendicular to the direction of the molecular electric dipole moment. These findings are explained by a tunneling model invoking the laser-induced Stark shifts associated with the dipoles and polarizabilities of the molecule and its unrelaxed cation. The focus of the present article is to understand the strong-field ionization of one-dimensionally-oriented polar molecules, in particular asymmetries in the emission direction of the photoelectrons. In the following article [Phys. Rev. A 83, 023406 (2011)] the focus is to understand strong-field ionization from three-dimensionally-oriented asymmetric top molecules, in particular the suppression of electron emission in nodal planes of molecular orbitals.

  7. Mixed-field orientation of a thermal ensemble of linear polar molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan J. Omiste; Rosario González Férez

    2013-06-05

    We present a theoretical study of the impact of an electrostatic field combined with nonresonant linearly polarized laser pulses on the rotational dynamics of a thermal ensemble of linear molecules. We solve the time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equation within the rigid rotor approximation for several rotational states. Using the carbonyl sulfide (OCS) molecule as a prototype, the mixed-field orientation of a thermal sample is analyzed in detail for experimentally accessible static field strengths and laser pulses. We demonstrate that for the characteristic field configuration used in current mixed-field orientation experiments, a significant orientation is obtained for rotational temperatures below 0.7K or using stronger dc fields.

  8. Molecular orientation in soft matter thin films studied by resonant soft x-ray reflectivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mezger, Markus; Jerome, Blandine; Kortright, Jeffrey B; Valvidares, Manuel; Gullikson, Eric M; Giglia, Angelo; Mahne, Nicola; Nannarone, Stefano

    2011-04-05

    We present a technique to study depth profiles of molecular orientation in soft matter thin films with nanometer resolution. The method is based on dichroism in resonant soft x-ray reflectivity using linear s and p polarization. It combines the chemical sensitivity of near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy to specific molecular bonds and their orientation relative to the polarization of the incident beam with the precise depth profiling capability of x-ray reflectivity. We demonstrate these capabilities on side chain liquid crystalline polymer thin films with soft x-ray reflectivity data at the carbon K edge. Optical constants of the anisotropic refractive index ellipsoid were obtained from a quantitative analysis using the Berreman formalism. For films up to 50 nm thickness we find that the degree of orientation of the long axis exhibits no depth variation and is independent of the film thickness.

  9. Structural determinants of nuclear export signal orientation in binding to exportin CRM1

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fung, Ho Yee Joyce; Fu, Szu -Chin; Brautigam, Chad A.; Chook, Yuh Min

    2015-09-08

    The Chromosome Region of Maintenance 1 (CRM1) protein mediates nuclear export of hundreds of proteins through recognition of their nuclear export signals (NESs), which are highly variable in sequence and structure. The plasticity of the CRM1-NES interaction is not well understood, as there are many NES sequences that seem incompatible with structures of the NES-bound CRM1 groove. Crystal structures of CRM1 bound to two different NESs with unusual sequences showed the NES peptides binding the CRM1 groove in the opposite orientation (minus) to that of previously studied NESs (plus). A comparison of minus and plus NESs identified structural and sequencemore »determinants for NES orientation. The binding of NESs to CRM1 in both orientations results in a large expansion in NES consensus patterns and therefore a corresponding expansion of potential NESs in the proteome.« less

  10. Molecular orientation in soft matter thin films studied by resonant soft X-ray reflectivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mezger, Markus; Jerome, Blandine; Kortright, Jeffrey B.; Valvidares, Manuel; Gullikson, Eric; Giglia, Angelo; Mahne, Nicola; Nannarone, Stefano

    2011-01-12

    We present a technique to study depth profiles of molecular orientation in soft matter thin films with nanometer resolution. The method is based on dichroism in resonant soft X-ray reflectivity using linear s- and p-polarization. It combines the chemical sensitivity of Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy to specific molecular bonds and their orientation relative to the polarization of the incident beam with the precise depth profiling capability of X-ray reflectivity. We demonstrate these capabilities on side chain liquid crystalline polymer thin films with soft X-ray reflectivity data at the carbon K edge. Optical constants of the anisotropic refractive index ellipsoid were obtained from a quantitative analysis using the Berreman formalism. For films up to 50 nm thickness we find that the degree of orientation of the long axis exhibits no depth variation and isindependent of the film thickness.

  11. Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar; Venugopal, Srikumar

    2008-01-01

    This keynote paper: presents a 21st century vision of computing; identifies various computing paradigms promising to deliver the vision of computing utilities; defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds by leveraging technologies such as VMs; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain SLA-oriented resource allocation; presents some representative Cloud platforms especially those developed in industries along with our current work towards realising market-oriented resource allocation of Clouds by leveraging the 3rd generation Aneka enterprise Grid technology; reveals our early thoughts on interconnecting Clouds for dynamically creating an atmospheric computing environment along with pointers to future community research; and concludes with the need for convergence of competing IT paradigms for delivering our 21st century vision.

  12. Oriented growth of pentacene films on vacuum-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene layers aligned by rubbing technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Prelipceanu; O. S. Prelipceanu; O. G. Tudose; K. Grytsenko; S. Schrader

    2007-04-04

    We investigated structure and morphology of PTFE layers deposited by vacuum process in dependence on deposition parameters: deposition rate, deposition temperature, electron activation energy and activation current. Pentacene (PnC) layers deposited on top of those PTFE films are used as a tool to demonstrate the orienting ability of the PTFE layers. The molecular structure of the PTFE films was investigated by use of infrared spectroscopy. By means of ellipsometry, values of refractive index between 1.33 and 1.36 have been obtained for PTFE films in dependence on deposition conditions. Using the cold friction technique orienting PTFE layers with unidirectional grooves are obtained. On top of these PTFE films oriented PnC layers were grown. The obtained order depends both on the PTFE layer thickness and on PnC growth temperature.

  13. Influence of oriented topological defects on the mechanical properties of carbon nanotube heterojunctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, We-Jay [National Center for High-Performance Computing; Chang, Jee-Gong [National Center for High-Performance Computing; Yang, An-Cheng [National Center for High-Performance Computing; Wang, Yeng-Tseng [National Center for High-Performance Computing; Su, Wan-Sheng [National Center for High-Performance Computing; Wang, Cai-Zhuang [Ames Laboratory; Ho, Kai-Ming [Ames Laboratory

    2013-10-10

    The mechanical properties of finite-length (5,0)/(8,0) single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) heterojunctions with manipulated topological defects are investigated using molecular dynamics simulation calculations. The results show that the mechanical properties and deformation behavior of SWCNT heterojunctions are mainly affected not only by the diameter of the thinner segment of the SWCNT heterojunction but also by the orientation of the heptagon-heptagon (7-7) pair in the junction region. Moreover, the orientation of the 7-7 pair strongly affects those properties in the compression loading than those in tensile loading. Finally, it is found that the location of buckling deformation in the heterojunctions is dependent on the orientation of the 7-7 pair in the compression.

  14. Mesoscopic model for filament orientation in growing actin networks: the role of obstacle geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian Weichsel; Ulrich S. Schwarz

    2013-04-13

    Propulsion by growing actin networks is a universal mechanism used in many different biological systems. Although the core molecular machinery for actin network growth is well preserved in most cases, the geometry of the propelled obstacle can vary considerably. In recent years, filament orientation distribution has emerged as an important observable characterizing the structure and dynamical state of the growing network. Here we derive several continuum equations for the orientation distribution of filaments growing behind stiff obstacles of various shapes and validate the predicted steady state orientation patterns by stochastic computer simulations based on discrete filaments. We use an ordinary differential equation approach to demonstrate that for flat obstacles of finite size, two fundamentally different orientation patterns peaked at either +35/-35 or +70/0/-70 degrees exhibit mutually exclusive stability, in agreement with earlier results for flat obstacles of very large lateral extension. We calculate and validate phase diagrams as a function of model parameters and show how this approach can be extended to obstacles with piecewise straight contours. For curved obstacles, we arrive at a partial differential equation in the continuum limit, which again is in good agreement with the computer simulations. In all cases, we can identify the same two fundamentally different orientation patterns, but only within an appropriate reference frame, which is adjusted to the local orientation of the obstacle contour. Our results suggest that two fundamentally different network architectures compete with each other in growing actin networks, irrespective of obstacle geometry, and clarify how simulated and electron tomography data have to be analyzed for non-flat obstacle geometries.

  15. Transport driven plasma flows in the scrape-off layer of ADITYA Tokamak in different orientations of magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sangwan, Deepak; Jha, Ratneshwar; Brotankova, Jana; Gopalkrishna, M. V. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2014-06-15

    Parallel plasma flows in the scrape-off layer of ADITYA tokamak are measured in two orientations of total magnetic field. In each orientation, experiments are carried out by reversing the direction of the toroidal magnetic field and the plasma current. The transport-driven component is determined by averaging flow Mach numbers, measured in two directions of the toroidal magnetic field and the plasma current for the same orientation. It is observed that there is a significant transport-driven component in the measured flow and the component depends on the field orientation.

  16. 2-D Simulations of Orientation in Highly Concentrated Short Glass Fiber Thermoplastic Composites Made by Injection Molding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    2-D Simulations of Orientation in Highly Concentrated Short Glass Fiber Thermoplastic Composites microscopy. Introduction Injection molded, short-glass fiber thermoplastic composites are an attractive

  17. Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts for the flexibility of the fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts, thermoplastics are reinforced with fibers to increase their stiffness, strength, and impact toughness

  18. Boundary-induced orientation of dynamic filament networks and vesicle agglomerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Greulich; Ludger Santen

    2011-06-28

    We find a statistical mechanism that can adjust orientations of intracellular filaments to cell geometry in absence of organizing centers. The effect is based on random and isotropic filament (de-)polymerization dynamics and is independent of filament interactions and explicit regulation. It can be understood by an analogy to electrostatics and appears to be induced by the confining boundaries; for periodic boundary conditions no orientational bias emerges. Including active transport of particles, the model reproduces experimental observations of vesicle accumulations in transected axons.

  19. Large oriented arrays and continuous films of TiO2 based nanotubes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Huifang; Liu, Jun; Voigt, James A.; Tian, Zhengrong Ryan; McKenzie, Bonnie Beth

    2003-08-01

    We report for the first time a one-step, templateless method to directly prepare large arrays of oriented TiO{sub 2}-based nanotubes and continuous films. These titania nanostructures can also be easily prepared as conformal coatings on a substrate. The nanostructured films were formed on a Ti substrate seeded with TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles. SEM and TEM results suggested that a folding mechanism of sheetlike structures was involved in the formation of the nanotubes. The oriented arrays of TiO{sub 2} nanotubes, continuous films, and coatings are expected to have potentials for applications in catalysis, filtration, sensing, photovoltaic cells, and high surface area electrodes.

  20. An object oriented design for high performance linear algebra on distributed memory architectures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dongarra, J.J. |; Walker, D.W.; Pozo, R.

    1993-12-31

    We describe the design of ScaLAPACK++, an object oriented C++ library for implementing linear algebra computations on distributed memory multicomputers. This package, when complete, will support distributed dense, banded, sparse matrix operations for symmetric, positive-definite, and non-symmetric cases. In ScaLAPACK++ we have employed object oriented design methods to enchance scalability, portability, flexibility, and ease-of-use. We illustrate some of these points by describing the implementation of a right-looking LU factorization for dense systems in ScaLAPACK++.

  1. Easy orientation of diblock copolymers on self-assembled monolayers using UV irradiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang-Hung Liu; Patrick Guenoun; Jean Daillant

    2009-02-15

    A simple method based on UV/ozone treatment is proposed to control the surface energy of dense grafted silane layers for orientating block copolymer mesophases. Our method allows one to tune the surface energy down to a fraction of a mN/m. We show that related to the surface, perpendicular orientation of a lamellar phase of a PS-PMMA diblock copolymer (neutral surface) is obtained for a critical surface energy of 23.9-25.7 mN/m. Perpendicular cylinders are obtained for 24.6 mN/m and parallel cylinders for 26.8 mN/m.

  2. Chronique Histoire d'orientation 14. Professions et march du travail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    Chronique Histoire d'orientation Nota Bene 14. Professions et marché du travail Service de'avril? 4. Pourquoi les informations sur les professions sont-elles vagues? 5. Pourquoi les modèles sont propos du changement La société évolue à une vitesse folle et les professions doivent suivre les

  3. Visual Orientation and Motion Control of MAKRO Adaptation to the Sewer Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    Visual Orientation and Motion Control of MAKRO ­ Adaptation to the Sewer Environment Marina control of MAKRO - an autonomous robot for sewer inspection - from the point of view of MAKRO's adaptation to specific features of the sewer environment. Two features are crucial for MAKRO's adaptation. First, narrow

  4. Header for SPIE use View-based Method for Relative Orientation in the Pipe1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    of the sewer diameter, must keep its orientation in the entirely dark sewerage. The only a priory information known is the geometrical shape of the sewer (cylindrical, etc). This implies a strong geometrical to be used on-board of the sewer robot. The system has two components: (a) an optical camera and (b) a laser

  5. A Dynamic Network Economic Model of a Service-Oriented Internet with Price and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Nagurney Department of Operations and Information Management, Isenberg School of Management, Uni- versity-mail: dongl@som.umass.edu Sara Saberi Department of Operations and Information Management, Isenberg SchoolA Dynamic Network Economic Model of a Service-Oriented Internet with Price and Quality Competition

  6. Security Awareness Programs During orientation in September, students are informed of services offered by the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Security Awareness Programs During orientation in September, students are informed of services. Video and slide presentations outline ways to maintain personal safety and residence hall security. Students are told about crime on campus and in surrounding neighborhoods. Similar information is presented

  7. Building for a Nature-Oriented Spirituality : a gathering for the cross-quarters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollack, Scott R. (Scott Robert)

    1991-01-01

    This thesis is a proposal for a way of building for a Nature-Oriented Spirituality. It begins an exploration into what a community might look like for people who see the land and the seasons as the generators of life. This ...

  8. Method and apparatus for measuring the NMR spectrum of an orientationally disordered sample

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pines, Alexander (Berkeley, CA); Samoson, Ago (Tallinn, SU)

    1990-01-01

    An improved NMR probe and method are described which substantially improve the resolution of NMR measurements made on powdered or amorphous or otherwise oreintationally disordered samples. The apparatus mechanically varies the orientation of the sample such that the time average of two or more sets of spherical harmonic functions is zero.

  9. Bureau d'ORientation des tudiants trangers Accueillis Lyon 1 Bt. Astre (1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

    Bureau d'ORientation des Étudiants étrangers Accueillis à Lyon 1 Bât. Astrée (1 er étage) ­ 43 Bd/ Site internet : http://boreal.univ-lyon1.fr Attention partir du 6 septembre 2012 : Mise en place Lyon Est UFR de Médecine et Maïeutique Lyon Sud Charles Mérieux UFR Odontologie Spécialités Médicales

  10. CAMLE: A Caste-Centric Agent-Oriented Modeling Language and Environment Lijun Shan Hong Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hong

    CAMLE: A Caste-Centric Agent-Oriented Modeling Language and Environment Lijun Shan Hong Zhu specification language SLABS. It is caste-centric because the notion of caste plays the central role in its methodology. Caste is the classifier of agents in our language. It allows multiple and dynamic classifications

  11. Orientation dependence of plastic deformation in nickel-based single crystal superalloys: Discretecontinuous model simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devincre, Benoit

    Orientation dependence of plastic deformation in nickel-based single crystal superalloys: Discrete of single-crystal nickel-based superalloys is simulated. At 1123 K, two uniaxial tensile loading cases though no cubic slip systems are activated. In the [001] case, the plastic flow is distributed more

  12. AspectOriented Instrumentation with GCC Appears in the Proceedings of the First International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Erez

    Aspect­Oriented Instrumentation with GCC Appears in the Proceedings of the First International Abstract. We present the InterAspect instrumentation framework for GCC, a widely used compiler for runtime instrumentation, as GCC plug­ins can directly add instru­ mentation by transforming the compiler

  13. Aspect-Oriented Instrumentation with GCC Appears in the Proceedings of the First International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Erez

    Aspect-Oriented Instrumentation with GCC Appears in the Proceedings of the First International. We present the InterAspect instrumentation framework for GCC, a widely used compiler infrastructure instrumentation, as GCC plug-ins can directly add instru- mentation by transforming the compiler's intermediate

  14. Between Service Science and Service-Oriented Software Systems Faculty of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Yuhong

    1 Between Service Science and Service-Oriented Software Systems Yuhong Yan Faculty of Computer. Introduction Service Science is promoted by many leading IT companies, such as IBM and SAP. These companies Science University of New Brunswick Canada Yuhong.yan@unb.ca Juergen Bode International School

  15. Control Oriented Modeling and System Identification of a Diesel Generator Set (Genset)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Control Oriented Modeling and System Identification of a Diesel Generator Set (Genset) Kai Loon Cheong, Perry Y. Li and Jicheng Xia Abstract-- A diesel generator set (genset) refers to a diesel engine of a conventional PI regulator in the voltage closed control loop of a diesel driven generator is considered. In all

  16. The GCM Oriented Calipso Cloud Product (CALIPSO-GOCCP) H. Chepfer(1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufresne, Jean-Louis

    ;2 Abstract. This paper presents the GCM-Oriented Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) Cloud Product (CALIPSO-GOCCP) designed to evaluate the cloudiness simulated by General the effects of viewing geometry, sensors' sensitivity and vertical overlap of cloud layers. For this purpose

  17. Benefits of the Summer Bridge Program -Introduction to OSU and extended campus orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orientation|Academic Preparation|Community Involvement College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology What of Engineering, Architecture & Technology (CEAT) family. As Dean, I would like to invite you to Engineer Your and technical writing. You will also learn about career options in engineering, architecture and technology

  18. Using Prolog to implement a CASE shell for Object-Oriented Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    life- cycle. These CASE tools aim to increase both This work is part of the EROOS (Evaluation the important role played by Prolog in the entire design and the architecture of such a CASE shell, which has and Research on Object-Oriented Strategies) project, principally based at the University of Louvain

  19. QoS-oriented Integrated Network Planning for Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breu, Ruth

    , Industry Automation Division, Germany {feng.chen,german,dressler}@informatik.uni-erlangen.de Abstract including industrial automation. This also includes Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology [1] basedQoS-oriented Integrated Network Planning for Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks Feng Chen

  20. TA Orientation 2006 Activity 8 Designing a Problem Solving Framework/Answer Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    TA Orientation 2006 Activity 8 Designing a Problem Solving Framework/Answer Sheet Activity 8 - Page 1 Designing a Problem-solving Framework You learned in your reading that several research-based problem-solving frameworks for introductory physics have been developed and successfully used

  1. TA Orientation 2007 Activity 8 Designing a Problem Solving Framework/Answer Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    TA Orientation 2007 Activity 8 Designing a Problem Solving Framework/Answer Sheet Activity 8 - Page 1 Designing a Problem-solving Framework You learned in your reading that several research-based problem-solving frameworks for introductory physics have been developed and successfully used

  2. Circle Formation for Oblivious Anonymous Mobile Robots with No Common Sense of Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Défago, Xavier

    Circle Formation for Oblivious Anonymous Mobile Robots with No Common Sense of Orientation Xavier D by observing each others position. Categories and Subject Descriptors F.1.1 [Computation by Abstract Devices]: Models of Computation--unbounded-actions devices; F.1.2 [Compu- tation by Abstract Devices]: Modes

  3. Adaptive Finite Element Discretization of Flow Problems for Goal-Oriented Model Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The emphasis is on laminar viscous incompressible flows governed by the Navier-Stokes equations. But also computation in a laminar viscous fluid modeled by the sta- tionary Navier-Stokes equations for velocity vAdaptive Finite Element Discretization of Flow Problems for Goal-Oriented Model Reduction Rolf

  4. Mathematically Modeling Chondrocyte Orientation and division in Relation to Primary Cilium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    ] , and the primary cilium may be responsible for the migration of the cells[4][5] . These cells have the abilityMathematically Modeling Chondrocyte Orientation and division in Relation to Primary Cilium to move within the growth plate, possibly influenced by the environment, and the primary cilium may direct

  5. Applying an ObjectOriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    Applying an Object­Oriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design Robert Esser ESEC SA and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Switzerland {janneck, naedele and data or material flow dominated parts. The language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets

  6. An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) CH­8092 Zurich, Switzerland esser and structure. The proposed modelling language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets, augmented

  7. An Efficient Transparent Test Scheme for Embedded Word-Oriented Memories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    An Efficient Transparent Test Scheme for Embedded Word-Oriented Memories Jin-Fu Li, Tsu-Wei Tseng, and Chin-Long Wey Advanced Reliable Systems (ARES) Laboratory Department of Electrical Engineering National with the smallest feature size in system-on-chip (SOC) designs. The reliability of memory cores thus has heavy

  8. ON THE HOPF RING FOR A SYMPLECTIC ORIENTED SPECTRUM VASSILY GORBUNOV, NIGEL RAY, AND PAUL TURNER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Nige

    ]. To any spectrum G we may associate an -spectrum {G r : r 2 Z} by choosing G * *rto be the space analogues, to which we ho* *pe to return elsewhere. There are natural spectrum maps by the initiality of S, and j is the forgetful map* *. Every complex orientation may be symplectified using j. T

  9. A Class Hierarchy Concurrency Control Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenwald, Le

    1 A Class Hierarchy Concurrency Control Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems Woochun Jun scheme deals with class hierarchy which is an important property in OODBs. The existing concurrency controls for a class hierarchy perform well only for specific environments. Our scheme is based on so

  10. NatSci 390IH Team-oriented Lab Discovery in Renewable Energy Course Vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Scott M.

    Vision This course involves student-driven, team-oriented laboratory projects focused on the interrelated: Students will engage in an active learning process, discovering scientific principles as they become real world energy-related issues. Students will be expected to understand paths to energy solutions

  11. Ion impact crater asymmetry determines surface ripple orientation M. Z. Hossain,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freund, Jonathan B.

    . Freund, and H. T. Johnson Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA (Received 11 July 2011; accepted 12 September 2011 origin of ripple formation and orientation, particularly angle dependent transitions between different

  12. Process-Oriented Evaluation of User Interactions in Integrated System Analysis Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Process-Oriented Evaluation of User Interactions in Integrated System Analysis Tools Chaiwoo Lee Cambridge, MA, United States Abstract-- When computer-based tools are used for analysis of complex systems interactions with integrated analysis tools to synthesize design implications for future tool development

  13. Modeling and Verification of Session-Oriented Interactions between Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling and Verification of Session-Oriented Interactions between Web Services: Compliance of BPEL,adamek}@dsrg.mff.cuni.cz http://dsrg.mff.cuni.cz Abstract. Although web services are generally envisioned as being stateless software systems, some of them are implicitly stateful. The reason is that the web services often work

  14. Matt Duckham Page 1 Implementing an object-oriented error sensitive GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duckham, Matt

    Matt Duckham Page 1 Implementing an object-oriented error sensitive GIS Matt Duckham Department in the handling of uncertainty within GIS, the production of what has been described as an error sensitive GIS of opportunities, but also impediments to the implemen- tation of such an error sensitive GIS. An important barrier

  15. Study of Protein Conformation and Orientation in Silkworm and Spider Silk Fibers Using Raman Microspectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezolet, Michel

    the values of P2 and P4 using the information entropy theory. For the three types of silk, the -sheets tensor were first derived and then applied to the amide I band that is mostly due to the CdO stretching strength.1-4 It is thus of fundamental importance to be able to quantify the level of orientation

  16. A Service-Oriented Architecture for Electric Power Transmission System Asset Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honavar, Vasant

    A Service-Oriented Architecture for Electric Power Transmission System Asset Management Jyotishman,tua,honavar,jdm}@iastate.edu Abstract. In electric power transmission systems, the assets include transmis- sion lines, transformers number of distributed, autonomously managed, capital-intensive as- sets. Such assets include power plants

  17. Substrate Structures For Growth Of Highly Oriented And/Or Epitaxial Layers Thereon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arendt, Paul N. (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM); Groves, James R. (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM)

    2005-07-26

    A composite substrate structure including a substrate, a layer of a crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material upon the substrate, a layer of an oriented cubic oxide material having a rock-salt-like structure upon the crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material layer is provided together with additional layers such as one or more layers of a buffer material upon the oriented cubic oxide material layer. Jc's of 2.3×106 A/cm2 have been demonstrated with projected Ic's of 320 Amperes across a sample 1 cm wide for a superconducting article including a flexible polycrystalline metallic substrate, an inert oxide material layer upon the surface of the flexible polycrystalline metallic substrate, a layer of a crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material upon the layer of the inert oxide material, a layer of an oriented cubic oxide material having a rock-salt-like structure upon the crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material layer, a layer of a buffer material upon the oriented cubic oxide material layer, and, a top-layer of a high temperature superconducting material upon the layer of a buffer material.

  18. Transforming an Object-Oriented Pipeline to a Master-Worker: The State-Based Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Steve

    Transforming an Object-Oriented Pipeline to a Master-Worker: The State-Based Pipeline Steve Mac in such an algorithm is exposed using a pipeline [5, 6, 7]. The pipeline is a conceptually simple parallel structure in their education. However, expert parallel programmers typically eschew using the pipeline structure, especially

  19. Transforming an ObjectOriented Pipeline to a MasterWorker: The StateBased Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Steve

    Transforming an Object­Oriented Pipeline to a Master­Worker: The State­Based Pipeline Steve Mac in such an algorithm is exposed using a pipeline [5, 6, 7]. The pipeline is a conceptually simple parallel structure in their education. However, expert parallel programmers typically eschew using the pipeline structure, especially

  20. Good Practices as a Quality-Oriented Modeling Vincent Le Gloahec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Good Practices as a Quality-Oriented Modeling Assistant Vincent Le Gloahec Alkante SAS, France. These good practices are often described in software quality manuals that, in this form, do not guarantee framework enables on the one hand to describe the good practices and on the other hand to check

  1. ICES REPORT 15-07 Orientation Embedded High Order Shape Functions for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICES

    Elements of All Shapes by Federico Fuentes, Brendan Keith, Leszek Demkowicz, Sriram Nagaraj The Institute Fuentes, Brendan Keith, Leszek Demkowicz, Sriram Nagaraj, "Orientation Embedded High Order Shape Functions Sriram Nagaraj March 2015 #12;Contents 1 Preliminaries 4 1.1 Introduction

  2. SLA-Oriented Resource Provisioning for Cloud Computing: Challenges, Architecture, and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    SLA-Oriented Resource Provisioning for Cloud Computing: Challenges, Architecture, and Solutions Rajkumar Buyya1,2 , Saurabh Kumar Garg1 , and Rodrigo N. Calheiros1 1 Cloud Computing and Distributed Systems (CLOUDS) Laboratory Department of Computing and Information Systems The University of Melbourne

  3. Goal{Oriented A Posteriori Error Estimation for Multiple Target Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    Goal{Oriented A Posteriori Error Estimation for Multiple Target Functionals Ralf Hartmann 1, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany Ralf.Hartmann@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de 2 Department of Mathematics Hartmann and Paul Houston cannot be solved in closed form but needs to be approximated numerically

  4. Goal{Oriented A Posteriori Error Estimation for Compressible Fluid Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    Goal{Oriented A Posteriori Error Estimation for Compressible Fluid Flows Ralf Hartmann 1;? and Paul-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. e-mail: Ralf.Hartmann@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de 2 Department of Mathematics of Heidelberg ?? Paul Houston acknowledges the #12;nancial support of the EPSRC (GR/N24230). #12; 2 R. Hartmann

  5. Macromolecules 1991,24, 5687-5694 5687 Characterization of Molecular Orientation in Polyethylene by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezolet, Michel

    Macromolecules 1991,24, 5687-5694 5687 Characterization of Molecular Orientation in Polyethylene bonds in thick processed samples of polyethylene. Introduction In order to take full advantage to the production of high-modulusfibersandfilms. High-density polyethylene isoneof the polymers that has been used

  6. An Enhanced Graph-Oriented Approach for Change Management in Distributed Biomedical Ontologies and Linked Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haarslev, Volker

    An Enhanced Graph-Oriented Approach for Change Management in Distributed Biomedical Ontologies of the most challenging issues in ontology change management is keeping ontologies consistent when changes occur. Generally most of the existing change management approaches have been faced with the following

  7. Concurrent Object-Oriented Programming in Lisp Russell Bradford, Julian Padget & John Fitch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Russell

    -automatic transformation, modificationcofurrency constructs. Thi* *s helps us to test medium-sized Lisp programs to use implemented in a compiled Lisp * *environment We describe the approach to the concurrent executionwhich[inForgy et al,]1981rewritte* *n in an object-oriented a compiled distributed heterogeneous Lisp environment

  8. DUNES: A PerformanceOriented System Support Environment for Dependency Maintenance in Workstation Networks \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Kihong

    DUNES: A Performance­Oriented System Support Environment for Dependency Maintenance in Workstation of performance fea­ tures, their properties, and implementation in a sys­ tem support environment called DUNES where both communication and computation costs are explicitly taken into account. DUNES' architecture

  9. Freezing and orientational order in weakly anisotropic fluids Hyung-June Woo and Xueyu Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Xueyu

    Freezing and orientational order in weakly anisotropic fluids Hyung-June Woo and Xueyu Song 2001 A simple theoretical method of studying the effect of weak anisotropy on the freezing of classical to the freezing of hard dumbbell fluids yields results in good agreement with simulations. DOI: 10.1103/Phys

  10. Type-Preserving Compilation for Large-Scale Optimizing Object-Oriented Compilers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Type-Preserving Compilation for Large-Scale Optimizing Object-Oriented Compilers Juan Chen Chris polyvios@cs.umd.edu Abstract Type-preserving compilers translate well-typed source code, such as Java or C- mentation of type-preserving compilation in a complex, large-scale optimizing compiler. Compared to prior

  11. Closed-loop torque feedback for a universal field-oriented controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    De Doncker, R.W.A.A.; King, R.D.; Sanza, P.C.; Haefner, K.B.

    1992-11-24

    A torque feedback system is employed in a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller to tune a torque-producing current command and a slip frequency command in order to achieve robust torque control of an induction machine even in the event of current regulator errors and during transitions between pulse width modulated (PWM) and square wave modes of operation. 1 figure.

  12. Closed-loop torque feedback for a universal field-oriented controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Doncker, Rik W. A. A.; King, Robert D.; Sanza, Peter C.; Haefner, Kenneth B.

    1992-01-01

    A torque feedback system is employed in a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller to tune a torque-producing current command and a slip frequency command in order to achieve robust torque control of an induction machine even in the event of current regulator errors and during transitions between pulse width modulated (PWM) and square wave modes of operation.

  13. Outlier rejection by oriented tracks to aid pose estimation from video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Mongi A.

    ; Robust estimation 1. Introduction The last decade has seen video cameras being increas- ingly utilized on the determination of corre- sponding feature pairs between subsequent images. Accu- rate and timely estimationOutlier rejection by oriented tracks to aid pose estimation from video Brad Grinstead a,*, Andreas

  14. TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C for Distributed and Shared Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperman, Gene

    TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C for Distributed and Shared Memory Gene Cooperman parallel hardware. TOP-C (Task-Orien* *ted Parallel C) attempts such a model by presenting a task the TOP-C model and then presents ongoing research on combining the advantages of both models in a single

  15. TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C for Distributed and Shared Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperman, Gene

    TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C for Distributed and Shared Memory Gene Cooperman College one, while maintaining most of the potential efficiency of the underlying parallel hardware. TOP-passing required by the underlying hardware. This article reviews the TOP-C model and then presents ongoing

  16. Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems Kjetil N rvag and Kjell access cost and optimal use of memory for index page bu er and OD cache, with di erent access patterns in the context of general secondary index access cost and index entry caching. Keywords: Index organization

  17. Pheromone-mediated optomotor anemotaxis and altitude control exhibited by male oriental fruit moths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Pheromone-mediated optomotor anemotaxis and altitude control exhibited by male oriental fruit),flyingunder high windspeeds tended to steer coursesmore a intothewind and to increasetheir airspeedscomparedwith angles and to maintain an upwind progress of between c 50-100 c d s despite variable wind velocities

  18. _ CMU-ITC-91-103 An Introduction to Object-Oriented Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    support, database self-containment, and schema evolution. This paper presents a summary of current.4.1 Query Language 28 2.4.2 Indexing 30 2.4.3 Query Optimization 31 2.5 Database Evolution 33 2.5.1 Schema_ CMU-ITC-91-103 An Introduction to Object-Oriented Databases and Database Systems Michael L

  19. CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING AND ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING AND ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS Jay T. Pukrushpan Huei Peng of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2125 Email: pukrushp@umich.edu Abstract Fuel Cells are electrochemical regarded as a potential future stationary and mobile power source. The response of a fuel cell system

  20. FIBER-OPTIC BUS-ORIENTED SINGLE-HOP INTERCONNECTIONS AMONG MULTI-TRANSCEIVER STATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,ooffer substantial advantages in power budget and the maximum number of stations that can be interconnected withoutFIBER-OPTIC BUS-ORIENTED SINGLE-HOP INTERCONNECTIONS AMONG MULTI-TRANSCEIVER STATIONS Yitzhak Birk among a set of stations, each equipped with multiple, say c, transmitters and receivers. It employs cz

  1. On the Interaction of Object-Oriented Design Patterns and Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Gerald

    On the Interaction of Object-Oriented Design Patterns and Programming Languages Technical Report): The choice of programming language is important because it in uences one's point of view. Our patterns assume of the interactions can bene t both the pattern and the programming language communities. To understand how

  2. Cure Kinetics of Aqueous PhenolFormaldehyde Resins Used for Oriented Strandboard Manufacturing: Analytical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cure Kinetics of Aqueous Phenol­Formaldehyde Resins Used for Oriented Strandboard Manufacturing their manufacture.2 Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a well-established technique to study the polymer. To evaluate the effect of lignin addition on the curing of phenolic resin, Barry et al.16 obtained

  3. Cure Kinetics of Aqueous Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins Used for Oriented Strandboard Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cure Kinetics of Aqueous Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins Used for Oriented Strandboard Manufacturing the onset cure temperature, and caused separation of the addition and condensation reac- tions involved in curing of CR. Compared with neat CR, the addition reaction of CR/wood mixture also followed an nth

  4. Defect-Oriented Testing and Diagnosis of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Defect-Oriented Testing and Diagnosis of Digital Microfluidics- Based Biochips* Fei Su , William, NC 27708 Charlotte, NC 28223 {fs, wlh, krish}@ee.duke.edu amukherj@uncc.edu Abstract Microfluidics]. Microfluidics-based biochips constitute an emerging category of mixed-technology microsystems [7]. Recent

  5. Universal Semantic Communication II: A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Universal Semantic Communication II: A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Brendan Juba Madhu of the task of meaningful communication among intelligent entities (players, agents) without any prior common language. Our generic thesis is that such communication is feasible provided the goals of the communicating

  6. Market-Oriented Resource Management and Scheduling: A Taxonomy and Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    ;1.1 Overview of Utility Grids and Preliminaries Utility grid imitates a market scenario consisting of the two monopolized. The market exchange service provides a shared trading infrastructure designed to supportMarket-Oriented Resource Management and Scheduling: A Taxonomy and Survey Saurabh Garg and Rajkumar

  7. "Enhanced Field Emission from Vertically Oriented Graphene by Thin Solid Film Coatings"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Leah B.

    "Enhanced Field Emission from Vertically Oriented Graphene by Thin Solid Film Coatings" MICHAEL films such as nanotubes, nanohorns, and graphene due to their favorable field emission properties by the application of low work function thin films. These studies employ various characterization techniques

  8. JBOOMT: Jade Bird Object-Oriented Metrics Tool* Tao XIE, Wanghong YUAN, Hong MEI, Fuqing YANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    on software productivity and software quality control has spurred the research on software metrics technology-oriented program and thus evaluate the quality of the software according to the specified hierarchical metrics quality, there exist needs for better technique of software development and software metrics during

  9. Oriented conductive oxide electrodes on SiO2/Si and glass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Arendt, Paul N. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2001-01-01

    A thin film structure is provided including a silicon substrate with a layer of silicon dioxide on a surface thereof, and a layer of cubic oxide material deposited upon the layer of silicon dioxide by ion-beam-assisted-deposition, said layer of cubic oxide material characterized as biaxially oriented. Preferably, the cubic oxide material is yttria-stabilized zirconia. Additional thin layers of biaxially oriented ruthenium oxide or lanthanum strontium cobalt oxide are deposited upon the layer of yttria-stabilized zirconia. An intermediate layer of cerium oxide is employed between the yttria-stabilized zirconia layer and the lanthanum strontium cobalt oxide layer. Also, a layer of barium strontium titanium oxide can be upon the layer of biaxially oriented ruthenium oxide or lanthanum strontium cobalt oxide. Also, a method of forming such thin film structures, including a low temperature deposition of a layer of a biaxially oriented cubic oxide material upon the silicon dioxide surface of a silicon dioxide/silicon substrate is provided.

  10. Layering and orientational ordering of propane on graphite: An experimental and simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borguet, Eric

    Layering and orientational ordering of propane on graphite: An experimental and simulation study 2002; accepted 30 July 2002 We report the results of an experimental and theoretical study of propane and experiments show that propane adsorbs in a layer-by-layer fashion and exhibits continuous growth beyond

  11. THE EFFECT OF BIAXIAL ORIENTATION PROCESSING CONDITIONS ON IMMISCIBLE POLYMER BLENDED SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is utilized to enhance certain properties of the material. For example, efficient gas separation membranes. Findings from this work will be applied to a future study of these blended sheet samples as gas separation. IMPB sheet specimens were simultaneously biaxially oriented in order to improve gas separation

  12. Optical Spin Orientation under Inter-and Intra-Subband Transitions in QWs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganichev, Sergey

    St. Petersburg, Russia 2 Fakult¨at f¨ur Physik, Universit¨at Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany 3 St. Petersburg State Technical University, 195251 St. Petersburg, Russia Abstract: It is shown optical orientation of a two-dimensional elec- tron gas or hole gas. Both direct inter-subband and in

  13. Exploring and Evolving Process-oriented Control for Real and Virtual Fire Fighting Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goadrich, Mark

    Exploring and Evolving Process-oriented Control for Real and Virtual Fire Fighting Robots Kathryn our solution in an annual fire-fighting robotics compe- tition. Subsequently, we evolved new creation of a real world controller for a robotic fire fighting competi- tion. This task is then abstracted

  14. Open Giant Intelligent Information Systems and Its Agent-Oriented Abstraction Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Open Giant Intelligent Information Systems and Its Agent-Oriented Abstraction Mechanism Longbing intelligent information systems, an open giant intelligent information system is a special kind of complex information system, and then we discussed the challenges of agent-based computing for dealing with the above

  15. Control oriented 1D electrochemical model of lithium ion battery Kandler A. Smith a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Control oriented 1D electrochemical model of lithium ion battery Kandler A. Smith a , Christopher D Available online 28 June 2007 Abstract Lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries provide high energy and power density dynamics (i.e. state of charge). Ó 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Lithium ion battery

  16. CONTROL-ORIENTED MODEL OF AN INTEGRATED FUEL CELL STACK AND FUEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    -oriented dynamic model of a catalytic partial oxidation-based fuel processor is developed using physics gas to hydrogen in- clude steam reforming and partial oxidation. The most common method, steam reforming, which is endothermic, is well suited for steady-state operation and can deliver a relatively high

  17. SOLVING VIRUS STRUCTURES FROM XFEL DIFFRACTION PATTERNS OF RANDOM PARTICLE ORIENTATIONS USING ANGULAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    SOLVING VIRUS STRUCTURES FROM XFEL DIFFRACTION PATTERNS OF RANDOM PARTICLE ORIENTATIONS USING August 2013 #12;ABSTRACT SOLVING VIRUS STRUCTURES FROM XFEL DIFFRACTION PATTERNS OF RANDOM PARTICLE such as viruses. To quote from Caspar and Klug [2] "there are only a limited number of efficient designs possible

  18. A production order-driven AGV control model with object-oriented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagi, Rakesh

    A production order-driven AGV control model with object-oriented implementation Manish Shah, Li Lin is required in the dynamic decision-making, integrated control is needed to consider the overall production of systems integration with a production planning module such as MRI? Static and dynamic informational

  19. Orientation dependence of electromechanical properties of relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Orientation dependence of electromechanical properties of relaxor based ferroelectric single of electromechan- ical properties of relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3­(6­7)%PbTiO3 that the enhanced electromechanical performance is not limited to [001]c poled crystals. Viehland et al. have found

  20. Improvements in the Simulation of Orientation in Injection Molding of Short Fiber Thermoplastic Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    Improvements in the Simulation of Orientation in Injection Molding of Short Fiber Thermoplastic Abstract The mechanical properties of injection molded short-fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite parts reinforced thermoplastic made by injection molding is an attractive technology to develop lightweight, high

  1. Orientation Imaging Microscopy of Plutonium: Grain Structure and Oxidation David P. Moore1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orientation Imaging Microscopy of Plutonium: Grain Structure and Oxidation David P. Moore1 , Amanda the microstructure and oxidation of plutonium (Pu) in recent years. Two of the more powerful techniques for studying widely used in many areas of materials science, their application to plutonium is still largely

  2. Computational Study of the Effect of Slot Orientation on Synthetic Jet-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    -space average of jet exit velocity during the expulsion phase, m/sec vJ = jet exit velocity, m/sec v = cross-stream1 Computational Study of the Effect of Slot Orientation on Synthetic Jet-Based Separation Control, MD-21218 Abstract A computational study is conducted to explore the effect of synthetic jet

  3. EFFECT OF MOISTURE ON BENDING AND BREAKING RESISTANCE (IF COMMERCIAL ORIENTED STRANDBOARDS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ABSTRACT This is ZI short addendum to an earlier paper (Wu and Suchsland 1997) on bending resistance (E.1EFFECT OF MOISTURE ON BENDING AND BREAKING RESISTANCE (IF COMMERCIAL ORIENTED STRANDBOARDS1 Qinglin the quality and performance of OSB. In an F ) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~Wu and Suchsland However, the paper did

  4. Exploiting an Object-Oriented Simulation Tool to Model a PCS Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malloy, Brian

    III[14], together with the development of simulation tools such as Extend[5] and ProModel[1Exploiting an Object-Oriented Simulation Tool to Model a PCS Network Brian A. Malloy and Bin Chen In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a simulator for a personal communica- tion service

  5. Orientational ordering of short LC rods in an anisotropic liquid crystalline polymer glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Jianshu

    Orientational ordering of short LC rods in an anisotropic liquid crystalline polymer glass Lorin the glass transition is determined by field theory. Microscopic anisotropic interactions can align the LC the glass transition. Host anisotropic glass formers made of mesogens with side chains were studied recently

  6. OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES AND FAC METHOD IN NUMERICAL RESERVOIR SIMULATION \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the reservoir. Combining the need for an accurate approximation of these moving features with the needOBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES AND FAC METHOD IN NUMERICAL RESERVOIR SIMULATION \\Lambda in numerical simulation of flow through hydrocarbon reservoirs within limitations in computing time and memory

  7. Preparation of Oriented, Fully Hydrated Lipid Samples for Structure Determination Using X-Ray Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagle, John F.

    "the rock and roll method," which is basically a solvent evaporation technique with controlled manual. Atomic force microscopy is used to compare samples prepared using the rock and roll method with those prepared by spin-coating, which produces well-oriented but less homogeneous lipid stacks. These samples can

  8. Book Review of Computer Control Systems. Analysis and Design with ProcessOriented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghulchak, Andrey

    Book Review of Computer Control Systems. Analysis and Design with Process­Oriented Models by E­time process by a digital computer, declares a high need for analysis of such hybrid systems. Two rather straightforward ideas of either a continuous­time design, followed by a discretization of the controller

  9. Consistently Orienting Facets in Polygon Meshes by Minimizing the Dirichlet Energy of Generalized Winding Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Winding Numbers Kenshi Takayama ETH Zurich Alec Jacobson ETH Zurich Ladislav Kavan University coherency of the generalized winding number function proposed in that work could be used to correctly orienting facets in polygon meshes by minimizing the Dirichlet energy of generalized winding numbers. While

  10. A SpaceTime Oriented Macroprogramming Paradigm for Push-Pull Hybrid Sensor Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Jun

    , called SpaceTime Oriented Programming (STOP), is designed to reduce the complexity of WSN programming are deployed in a WSN, how nodes are connected with each other and how to route data queries in a WSN. Using that al- lows application developers to implement a WSN1 appli- cation from a global viewpoint as a whole

  11. Service-oriented Layer 1 Virtual Private Network for Grid Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    be turned on and off by Grid applications. Grid applications shall be aware of optical network Service-oriented Layer 1 Virtual Private Network for Grid Applications Hanxi Zhang, Michel Savoie, Ontario, Canada K1P 5M9 Abstract: Emerging data-intensive Grid applications call for service

  12. The Gridbus Toolkit for Service Oriented Grid and Utility Computing: An Overview and Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    , and (3) motivates the grid service consumers to trade-off between deadline, budget, and the required1 The Gridbus Toolkit for Service Oriented Grid and Utility Computing: An Overview and Status Report Rajkumar Buyya and Srikumar Venugopal Grid Computing and Distributed Systems Laboratory Department

  13. Numerical approach of the injection molding process of fiber-reinforced composite with considering fiber orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen Thi, T. B., E-mail: thanhbinh.skku@gmail.com, E-mail: yokoyama@kit.ac.jp; Yokoyama, A., E-mail: thanhbinh.skku@gmail.com, E-mail: yokoyama@kit.ac.jp [Department of Advanced Fibro-Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology (Japan); Ota, K., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp; Kodama, K., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp; Yamashita, K., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp; Isogai, Y., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp; Furuichi, K., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp; Nonomura, C., E-mail: kei-ota@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhiro-kodama@toyobo.jp, E-mail: katsuhisa-yamashita@toyobo.jp, E-mail: yumiko-isogai@toyobo.jp, E-mail: kenji-furuichi@toyobo.jp, E-mail: chisato-nonomura@toyobo.jp [Toyobo Co., LTD. Research Center (Japan)

    2014-05-15

    One of the most important challenges in the injection molding process of the short-glass fiber/thermoplastic composite parts is being able to predict the fiber orientation, since it controls the mechanical and the physical properties of the final parts. Folgar and Tucker included into the Jeffery equation a diffusive type of term, which introduces a phenomenological coefficient for modeling the randomizing effect of the mechanical interactions between the fibers, to predict the fiber orientation in concentrated suspensions. Their experiments indicated that this coefficient depends on the fiber volume fraction and aspect ratio. However, a definition of the fiber interaction coefficient, which is very necessary in the fiber orientation simulations, hasn't still been proven yet. Consequently, this study proposed a developed fiber interaction model that has been introduced a fiber dynamics simulation in order to obtain a global fiber interaction coefficient. This supposed that the coefficient is a sum function of the fiber concentration, aspect ratio, and angular velocity. The proposed model was incorporated into a computer aided engineering simulation package C-Mold. Short-glass fiber/polyamide-6 composites were produced in the injection molding with the fiber weight concentration of 30 wt.%, 50 wt.%, and 70 wt.%. The physical properties of these composites were examined, and their fiber orientation distributions were measured by micro-computed-tomography equipment ?-CT. The simulation results showed a good agreement with experiment results.

  14. A policy-oriented language for expressing security specifications Carlos Ribeiro and Paulo Ferreira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Paulo

    A policy-oriented language for expressing security specifications by Carlos Ribeiro and Paulo Fax: +351 213145843 email: Carlos.Ribeiro@inesc.pt Abstract Organizations' authorization policies the organization. Having a single global security policy specification would promote both security clarity

  15. Designing and implementing a framework for process-oriented logistics-costs measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Designing and implementing a framework for process-oriented logistics-costs measurement. Measurements of logistics costs are necessary for manufacturing companies to be able to evaluate the cost effects and trade-offs of logistics management decisions. This case study highlights the challenges ZF

  16. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: ­31 40 473637 fax: ­31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  17. Tangle: Route-Oriented Dynamic Voltage Minimization for Variation-Afflicted, Energy-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrellas, Josep

    Voltage EnergyperOperation 1.0V #12;Low-Voltage Operation Vdd reduction is one of the best leversTangle: Route-Oriented Dynamic Voltage Minimization for Variation-Afflicted, Energy- Efficient On for energy efficiency o Big reduction in dynamic power; also reduction in static power New technologies

  18. From Ontology to NL: Generation of Multilingual User-Oriented Environmental Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    related in particular to (i) environmental data (e.g., temperature, wind speed, birch pollen, CO2); (ii linguistically-oriented knowledge structures--as, e.g., the Upper Model [1] or the MIAKT ontology [2 as starting point for generation The three layers of our knowledge representation model are implemented in OWL

  19. Introduction to Object-Oriented Concepts using Fortran90 Viktor K. Decyk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szymanski, Boleslaw K.

    Introduction to Object-Oriented Concepts using Fortran90 Viktor K. Decyk Department of Physics California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91109-8099 email: decyk@physics.ucla.edu Charles D-8099 email: nortonc@olympic.jpl.nasa.gov Abstract Fortran90 is a modern, powerful language with features

  20. KLAS FreeBSD GNU C A Kernel Profiler based on Aspect-orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiba, Shigeru

    in the C language. That code fragment is automatically executed for collecting detailed performance data KLAS C KLAS KLAS KLAS FreeBSD GNU C A Kernel Profiler based on Aspect-orientation Yoshisato corresponding to the member accesses. We have implemented this feature by extending the GNU C compiler

  1. Orientational and Translational Dynamics of Polyether/Water Solutions Adam L. Sturlaugson,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    solvency.3 Applications of PEO include polymer electrolyte membranes and gels,4­6 ion chromatogra- phy,7Orientational and Translational Dynamics of Polyether/Water Solutions Adam L. Sturlaugson, Kendall is changed. In contrast to the rotational dynamics, the translational diffusion data show a distinct

  2. Specifying and Verifying Cross-Organizational Business Models: An Agent-Oriented Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Specifying and Verifying Cross-Organizational Business Models: An Agent-Oriented Approach Pankaj, it proposes a simple, yet expressive declarative way to specify business models at a high level based with respect to the declarative business model using existing temporal model checking tools. This paper

  3. An analysis of humor orientation on Facebook: A lens model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennington, Natalie; Hall, Jeffrey A.

    2014-02-01

    This article presents the results of a mixed method analysis of the use and perception of humor orientation (HO) on Facebook (FB) profiles (N?=?100). Results of the lens model analysis suggest that a variety of profile cues, not just those directly...

  4. Control-Oriented Model of a Dual Equal Variable Cam Timing Spark Ignition Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grizzle, Jessy W.

    Control-Oriented Model of a Dual Equal Variable Cam Timing Spark Ignition Engine A. G of min- imizing exhaust emissions, providing increased fuel economy and satisfying driver perfor- mance that provides a tradeo among idle stability, fuel economy, and maximum torque performance. There are also

  5. Determining the orientation of marine CSEM receivers using orthogonal Procrustes rotation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    . CSEM survey data are commonly recorded by sea- floor receivers outfitted with horizontal electric surveys can have unknown orientations because of the unavailability of compass and tilt recordings can be interpreted, and this may result in less structural resolution than possible when the sensor

  6. Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine Merten Jung-- In this paper, a third order nonlinear model of the airpath of a turbocharged diesel engine is derived, which engines are typically equipped with variable geometry turbochargers (VGT) and exhaust gas recirculation

  7. Comparison of the structural and orientational glass-transition dynamics in ethanol M. A. Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birge, Norman

    Comparison of the structural and orientational glass-transition dynamics in ethanol M. A. Miller 1997 The dynamics of the supercooled-liquid and rotator-phase crystal of the same material, ethanol that ethanol (C2H5OH) exhibits interesting phase polymorphism, and ap- pears to be quite unique in that it can

  8. Designing an Economic-driven Evaluation Framework for Process-oriented Software Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Designing an Economic-driven Evaluation Framework for Process-oriented Software Technologies Bela and corresponding projects. We introduce an evaluation meta model and sketch a for- malism to describe economic is quite difficult as the added value is influenced by many drivers. This paper sketches an economic

  9. Estimating Constrained Multi-fiber Diffusion MR Volumes by Orientation Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    Estimating Constrained Multi-fiber Diffusion MR Volumes by Orientation Clustering Ryan P. Cabeen1 , Mark E. Bastin2 , David H. Laidlaw1 1 Computer Science Department, Brown University, Providence, RI, tractography, atlasing, multi-fiber mod- els, white matter, ball-and-stick, filtering, interpolation 1

  10. MacauMap: Tourism-Oriented Mobile GIS Application Robert P. Biuk-Aghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biuk-Aghai, Robert P.

    MacauMap: Tourism-Oriented Mobile GIS Application Robert P. Biuk-Aghai Faculty of Science GIS application. The selected target platform was PalmOS, meaning that personal digital assistants and Technology University of Macau P.O. Box 3001 Macau S.A.R., China Phone: (+853) 3974365 Fax: (+853) 838314

  11. Exploring Marketing Orientation Influences on Internet Adoption in the U.S. Lumber Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qinglin

    Poku Professor Department of Wood Science and Technology Institute of Renewable Natural Resources Kwame Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana State. Specifically, we focus on the question "Does a high marketing orientation have a positive effect

  12. Enhanced Photovoltaic Performance of Nanostructured Hybrid Solar Cell Using Highly Oriented TiO2 Nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    -called third generation of solar cells including dye-sensitized solar cells, DSCs2,3 and organic phoEnhanced Photovoltaic Performance of Nanostructured Hybrid Solar Cell Using Highly Oriented TiO2- tovoltaics, OPVs.4-6 OPVs or polymer-based photovoltaic devices can be processed from solution and have

  13. DSP-Based Field-Oriented Step Motor Control Cleveland State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    . The firmware in the SMC3 DSP drives the step motor phase wind- ings using field-oriented control rather than at a given motor winding current (because of their many poles). This is desirable for low-speed position's phase-winding voltages. Section II of this paper provides some background on step motor theory and field

  14. Related Papers [1]G. Cooperman, "TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C for Distributed and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperman, Gene

    ", Linear Algebra and its Applications 275-276, 1998, pp. 107-120. [3]G. Cooperman, "TOP-C: A Task Related Papers References [1]G. Cooperman, "TOP-C: Task-Oriented Parallel C-84. [5]G. Cooperman, "STAR/MPI: Binding a Parallel Library to Interactive Symbolic Algebra Systems

  15. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: -31 40 473637 fax: -31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  16. Rethinking the Pipeline as Object--Oriented States with Transformations Steve MacDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Steve

    Rethinking the Pipeline as Object--Oriented States with Transformations Steve MacDonald School,jonathang@cs.ualberta.ca Abstract The pipeline is a simple and intuitive structure to speed up many problems. Novice parallel eschew using the pipeline in coarse--grained applications because it has three serious problems that make

  17. Rethinking the Pipeline as ObjectOriented States with Transformations Steve MacDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Steve

    Rethinking the Pipeline as Object­Oriented States with Transformations Steve MacDonald School,jonathan}@cs.ualberta.ca Abstract The pipeline is a simple and intuitive structure to speed up many problems. Novice parallel eschew using the pipeline in coarse­grained applications because it has three serious problems that make

  18. Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiello, Marco

    Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

  19. Applying Service Oriented Architecture in the Aerospace Industry Jurga Kazlauskaite, Arsalan Minhas, F. H. Vogt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    1 Applying Service Oriented Architecture in the Aerospace Industry Jurga Kazlauskaite, Arsalan at SRI International in Menlo Park and as a visiting researcher at the International Computer Science in the aerospace and shipping industries. #12;2 1. Introduction As a result of mass customisation and due

  20. Service-Oriented Heterogeneous Resource Sharing for Optimizing Service Latency in Mobile Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandayam, Narayan

    Service-Oriented Heterogeneous Resource Sharing for Optimizing Service Latency in Mobile Cloud@winlab.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT Fog computing is expected to be an enabler of mobile cloud computing, which extends the cloud computing paradigm to the edge of the network. In the mobile cloud, not only central data centers but also

  1. CHI 2005 PAPERS: Assistive Applications April 27 Portland, Oregon, USA Participatory Design of an Orientation Aid for Amnesics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    , Personal Digital Assistants. ACM Classification Keywords K.4.2 [Computers and Society]: Social Issues of an Orientation Aid for Amnesics Mike Wu, Ron Baecker The University of Toronto 40 St. George St, Toronto, ON, M5S design and evaluation of an orientation aid for individuals who have anterograde amnesia. Our design team

  2. 434 Int. J. Web Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2008 Web services-oriented architectures for mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    434 Int. J. Web Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2008 Web services-oriented architectures-users and decision-makers, the development of architectures based on web services for the deployment of mobile with geospatial (web) Services-Oriented Architectures (SOA) for mobile processing of geo-decisional information

  3. Fluorescence Lifetimes and Emission Patterns Probe the 3D Orientation of the Emitting Chromophore in a Multichromophoric System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    Fluorescence Lifetimes and Emission Patterns Probe the 3D Orientation of the Emitting Chromophore the orientation of the absorption transition dipole)15,16 and wide-field defocusing (probing the emission. It was suggested that, at any moment in time, the emission of a single dendrimer originates from the chromophore

  4. Estimation of Talker's Head Orientation Based on Discrimination of the Shape of Cross-power Spectrum Phase Coefficients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    localization and head orientation estimation experiments performed in a real environ- ment. Index Terms coefficients 1. Introduction For human-human or human-computer interaction, the talker's location on the talker's head orientation. Other approaches focus on the radiation pattern of the magni- tude for each

  5. Molecular Orientation in Dry and Hydrated Cellulose Fibers: A Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Molecular Orientation in Dry and Hydrated Cellulose Fibers: A Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering the molecular alignment in dry and hydrated cellulose fibers. Two types of cellulose were investigated: natural cellulose I in cotton fibers and regenerated cellulose II in rayon fibers. On the basis of the orientation

  6. Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts for the flexibility of the fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapperom, Peter

    Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts Mechanical properties of long glass fiber composites, used in various industrial applications, are dependant are explored to predict the orientation of long glass fibers in the concentrated regime that take the flexible

  7. Aspect-oriented technology is a new programming paradigm that is receiving considerable attention from research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieman, James M.

    ABSTRACT Aspect-oriented technology is a new programming paradigm that is receiving considerable of code written and higher cohesion. As with any new technology, aspect-oriented technology has both engineering. We seek to understand both the strengths and limitations of this new technology, and to raise

  8. The influence of field-free orientation on the predissociation dynamics of the NaI molecule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Ze-Yu; Han, Yong-Chang, E-mail: ychan@dlut.edu.cn; Yu, Jie; Cong, Shu-Lin [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2014-01-28

    The orientation and predissociation dynamics of the NaI molecule are studied by using a time-dependent wavepacket method. The NaI molecule is first pre-oriented by a single-cycle pulse (SCP) in terahertz (THz) region and then predissociated by a femtosecond pump pulse. The influence of the molecular field-free orientation on the predissociation dynamics is studied in detail. We calculate the radial and angular distributions, the molecular orientation degrees, and the time-dependent populations for both the ground and excited electronic states. It is found that the pre-orientation affects the angular distributions significantly, and that it has weak influence on the radial distributions. By varying the delay time between the THz SCP and the pump pulse, the angular distribution of the fragments from the predissociation can be manipulated.

  9. Probing protein orientation near charged surfaces with an implicit-solvent model and the PyGBe code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Christopher D

    2015-01-01

    Protein-surface interactions are ubiquitous in biological processes and bioengineering, yet are not fully understood. In the field of biosensors, a key factor in biosensor performance is the orientation of biomolecules near charged surfaces. The aim of this work is developing and assessing a computational model to study proteins interacting with charged surfaces and obtain orientation data. After extending the implicit-solvent model used in the open-source code PyGBe and deriving an analytical solution for simple geometry, our careful grid-convergence analysis builds confidence on the correctness and value of our approach for probing protein orientation. Further computational experiments support it: they study preferred orientations for protein GB1 D4' and immunoglobulin G. Sampling the free energy for protein GB1 at a range of tilt and rotation angles with respect to the charged surface, we calculated the probability of the protein orientation and observed a dipolar behavior. This result is consistent with p...

  10. Molecular orientation distributions during injection molding of liquid crystalline polymers: Ex situ investigation of partially filled moldings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Jun; Burghardt, Wesley R.; Bubeck, Robert A. (MMI); (NWU)

    2013-01-10

    The development of molecular orientation in thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers (TLCPs) during injection molding has been investigated using two-dimensional wide-angle X-ray scattering coordinated with numerical computations employing the Larson-Doi polydomain model. Orientation distributions were measured in 'short shot' moldings to characterize structural evolution prior to completion of mold filling, in both thin and thick rectangular plaques. Distinct orientation patterns are observed near the filling front. In particular, strong extension at the melt front results in nearly transverse molecular alignment. Far away from the flow front shear competes with extension to produce complex spatial distributions of orientation. The relative influence of shear is stronger in the thin plaque, producing orientation along the filling direction. Exploiting an analogy between the Larson-Doi model and a fiber orientation model, we test the ability of process simulation tools to predict TLCP orientation distributions during molding. Substantial discrepancies between model predictions and experimental measurements are found near the flow front in partially filled short shots, attributed to the limits of the Hele-Shaw approximation used in the computations. Much of the flow front effect is however 'washed out' by subsequent shear flow as mold filling progresses, leading to improved agreement between experiment and corresponding numerical predictions.

  11. Thermally-induced transition of lamellae orientation in block-copolymer films on ‘neutral’ nanoparticle-coated substrates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yager, Kevin G.; Forrey, Christopher; Singh, Gurpreet; Satija, Sushil K.; Page, Kirt A.; Patton, Derek L.; Jones, Ronald L.; Karin, Alamgir; Douglas, Jack F.

    2015-06-01

    Block-copolymer orientation in thin films is controlled by the complex balance between interfacial free energies, including the inter-block segregation strength, the surface tensions of the blocks, and the relative substrate interactions. While block-copolymer lamellae orient horizontally when there is any preferential affinity of one block for the substrate, we recently described how nanoparticle-roughened substrates can be used to modify substrate interactions. We demonstrate how such ‘neutral’ substrates can be combined with control of annealing temperature to generate vertical lamellae orientations throughout a sample, at all thicknesses. We observe an orientational transition from vertical to horizontal lamellae upon heating, as confirmedmore »using a combination of atomic force microscopy (AFM), neutron reflectometry (NR) and rotational small-angle neutron scattering (RSANS). Using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we identify substrate-localized distortions to the lamellar morphology as the physical basis of the novel behavior. In particular, under strong segregation conditions, bending of horizontal lamellae induce a large energetic cost. At higher temperatures, the energetic cost of conformal deformations of lamellae over the rough substrate is reduced, returning lamellae to the typical horizontal orientation. Thus, we find that both surface interactions and temperature play a crucial role in dictating block-copolymer lamellae orientation. As a result, our combined experimental and simulation findings suggest that controlling substrate roughness should provide a useful and robust platform for controlling block-copolymer orientation in applications of these materials.« less

  12. GOOSE 1. 4 -- Generalized Object-Oriented Simulation Environment user's manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nypaver, D.J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Abdalla, M.A. (Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education, TN (United States)); Guimaraes, L. (Centro Tecnico Aeroespacial (CTA-IEAv), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Estudos Avancados)

    1992-11-01

    The Generalized Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (GOOSE) is a new and innovative simulation tool that is being developed by the Simulation Group of the Advanced Controls Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. GOOSE is a fully interactive prototype software package that provides users with the capability of creating sophisticated mathematical models of physical systems. GOOSE uses an object-oriented approach to modeling and combines the concept of modularity (building a complex model easily from a collection of previously written components) with the additional features of allowing precompilation, optimization, and testing and validation of individual modules. Once a library of components has been defined and compiled, models can be built and modified without recompilation. This user's manual provides detailed descriptions of the structure and component features of GOOSE, along with a comprehensive example using a simplified model of a pressurized water reactor.

  13. Hydrogen-Bonded Liquids: Effects of Correlations of Orientational Degrees of Freedom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Franzese; M. Yamada; H. E. Stanley

    2000-07-28

    We improve a lattice model of water introduced by Sastry, Debenedetti, Sciortino, and Stanley to give insight on experimental thermodynamic anomalies in supercooled phase, taking into account the correlations between intra-molecular orientational degrees of freedom. The original Sastry et al. model including energetic, entropic and volumic effect of the orientation-dependent hydrogen bonds (HBs), captures qualitatively the experimental water behavior, but it ignores the geometrical correlation between HBs. Our mean-field calculation shows that adding these correlations gives a more water-like phase diagram than previously shown, with the appearance of a solid phase and first-order liquid-solid and gas-solid phase transitions. Further investigation is necessary to be able to use this model to characterize the thermodynamic properties of the supercooled region.

  14. Superconducting thin films of (100) and (111) oriented indium doped topological crystalline insulator SnTe

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Si, W.; Zhang, C.; Wu, L.; Ozaki, T.; Gu, G.; Li, Q.

    2015-09-01

    Recent discovery of the topological crystalline insulator SnTe has triggered a search for topological superconductors, which have potential application to topological quantum computing. The present work reports on the superconducting properties of indium doped SnTe thin films. The (100) and (111) oriented thin films were epitaxially grown by pulsed-laser deposition on (100) and (111) BaF2 crystalline substrates respectively. The onset superconducting transition temperatures are about 3.8 K for (100) and 3.6 K for (111) orientations, slightly lower than that of the bulk. Magneto-resistive measurements indicate that these thin films may have upper critical fields higher than that of the bulk.more »With large surface-to-bulk ratio, superconducting indium doped SnTe thin films provide a rich platform for the study of topological superconductivity and potential device applications based on topological superconductors.« less

  15. Anisotropy and crystal orientation of silicon--application to the modeling of a bent mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Lin

    2010-06-23

    Matrix formula and MATLAB algorithm are proposed to calculate the stiffness coefficient matrix C, the Young's modulus, shear modulus and Poisson ratio for the silicon crystal in any orientation. Results for Si(110) and Si(311) are given as an example. The anisotropic material properties of the silicon have been used in the mirror width profile optimization for the nano-imaging end-station ID22NI at the ESRF. As the Si(110) is used as the substrate of this multilayer coated KB mirror, the silicon crystal axis [0 0 1] is proposed to orient to the mirror axis. This is the case to have low stress in the mirror and low bending forces from actuators.

  16. Tracking formulas and strategies for a receiver oriented dual-axis tracking toroidal heliostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Minghuan; Wang, Zhifeng; Liang, Wenfeng; Zhang, Xiliang; Zang, Chuncheng; Lu, Zhenwu; Wei, Xiudong

    2010-06-15

    A 4 m x 4 m toroidal heliostat with receiver oriented dual-axis tracking, also called spinning-elevation tracking, was developed as an auxiliary heat source for a hydrogen production system. A series of spinning-elevation tracking formulas have been derived for this heliostat. This included basic tracking formulas, a formula for the elevation angle for heliostat with a mirror-pivot offset, and a more general formula for the biased elevation angle. This paper presents the new tracking formulas in detail and analyzes the accuracy of applying a simplifying approximation. The numerical results show these receiver oriented dual-axis tracking formula approximations are accurate to within 2.5 x 10{sup -6} m in image plane. Some practical tracking strategies are discussed briefly. Solar images from the toroidal heliostat at selected times are also presented. (author)

  17. Hypergraphic Oriented Matroid Relational Dependency Flow Models of Chemical Reaction Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, C G; Oliveira, J S

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we derive and present an application of hypergraphic oriented matroids for the purpose of enumerating the variable interdependencies that define the chemical complexes associated with the kinetics of non-linear dynamical system representations of chemical kinetic reaction flow networks. The derivation of a hypergraphic oriented matroid is obtained by defining a closure operator on families of n-subsets of signed multi-sets from which a "Z-module" is obtained. It has been observed that every instantiation of the closure operator on the signed multiset families define a matroid structure. It is then demonstrated that these structures generate a pair of dual matroids corresponding respectively to hyperspanning trees and hypercycles obtained from the corresponding directed hypergraphs. These structures are next systematically evaluated to obtain solution sets that satisfy systems of non-linear chemical kinetic reaction flow networks in the MAP Kinase cascade cell-signaling pathway.

  18. Interface deformations affect the orientation transition of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at fluid-fluid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting; Fernando Bresme

    2014-10-28

    Manufacturing new soft materials with specific optical, mechanical and magnetic properties is a significant challenge. Assembling and manipulating colloidal particles at fluid interfaces is a promising way to make such materials. We use lattice-Boltzmann simulations to investigate the response of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at liquid-liquid interfaces to external magnetic fields. We provide further evidence for the first-order orientation phase transition predicted by Bresme and Faraudo [Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 19 (2007), 375110]. We show that capillary interface deformations around the ellipsoidal particle significantly affect the tilt-angle of the particle for a given dipole-field strength, altering the properties of the orientation transition. We propose scaling laws governing this transition, and suggest how to use these deformations to facilitate particle assembly at fluid-fluid interfaces.

  19. Newcomers' Orientation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of WIPP Increase in shipments due to clean up activities SNF to a repository UF6 accident in Beckley, WV Enhancement of: DOE transportation organization ...

  20. NMMSS Orientation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    in U-233 or U-235) 11 More Abbreviations Terms (continued) * DOE (Department of Energy) - NNSA (National Nuclear Security Administration) - HS-1.22 (Office of Information...

  1. Ionization of oriented carbonyl-sulfide molecules by intense circularly polarized laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrovski, Darko; Madsen, Lars Bojer; Filsinger, Frank; Meijer, Gerard; Küpper, Jochen; Holmegaard, Lotte; Kalhøj, Line; Nielsen, Jens H; Stapelfeldt, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    We present combined experimental and theoretical results on strong-field ionization of oriented carbonyl-sulphide molecules by circularly-polarized laser pulses. The obtained molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions show pronounced asymmetries perpendicular to the direction of the molecular electric dipole moment. These findings are explained by a tunneling model invoking the laser-induced Stark shifts associated with the dipoles and polarizabilities of the molecule and its unrelaxed cation.

  2. On Fermat's principle for causal curves in time oriented Finsler spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Gallego Torromé; Paolo Piccione; Henrique Vitório

    2012-09-27

    In this work, a version of Fermat's principle for causal curves with the same energy in time orientable Finsler spacetimes is proved. We calculate the secondvariation of the {\\it time arrival functional} along a geodesic in terms of the index form associated with the Finsler spacetime Lagrangian. Then the character of the critical points of the time arrival functional is investigated and a Morse index theorem in the context of Finsler spacetime is presented.

  3. Defect and damage evolution quantification in dynamically-deformed metals using orientation-imaging microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, George T., III; Livescu, Veronica; Cerreta, Ellen K

    2010-03-18

    Orientation-imaging microscopy offers unique capabilities to quantify the defects and damage evolution occurring in metals following dynamic and shock loading. Examples of the quantification of the types of deformation twins activated, volume fraction of twinning, and damage evolution as a function of shock loading in Ta are presented. Electron back-scatter diffraction (EBSD) examination of the damage evolution in sweeping-detonation-wave shock loading to study spallation in Cu is also presented.

  4. Solving the two-center nuclear shell-model problem with arbitrarily-orientated deformed potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexis Diaz-Torres

    2008-10-02

    A general new technique to solve the two-center problem with arbitrarily-orientated deformed realistic potentials is demonstrated, which is based on the powerful potential separable expansion method. As an example, molecular single-particle spectra for $^{12}$C + $^{12}$C $\\to$ $^{24}$Mg are calculated using deformed Woods-Saxon potentials. These clearly show that non-axial symmetric configurations play a crucial role in molecular resonances observed in reaction processes for this system at low energy.

  5. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices on {110}<100> oriented substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit

    2014-08-05

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices on {110}<100> textured substrates are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  6. Molecular Beam Epitaxial Growth of GaAs on (631) Oriented Substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cruz Hernandez, Esteban; Rojas Ramirez, Juan-Salvador; Contreras Hernandez, Rocio; Lopez Lopez, Maximo; Pulzara Mora, Alvaro; Mendez Garcia, Victor H.

    2007-02-09

    In this work, we report the study of the homoepitaxial growth of GaAs on (631) oriented substrates by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). We observed the spontaneous formation of a high density of large scale features on the surface. The hilly like features are elongated towards the [-5, 9, 3] direction. We show the dependence of these structures with the growth conditions and we present the possibility of to create quantum wires structures on this surface.

  7. Control of molecular dynamics with zero-area fields: Application to molecular orientation and photofragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Sugny; Stéphane Vranckx; Mamadou Ndong; Nathalie Vaeck; Osman Atabek; Michèle Desouter-Lecomte

    2014-12-15

    The constraint of time-integrated zero-area on the laser field is a fundamental, both theoretical and experimental requirement in the control of molecular dynamics. By using techniques of local and optimal control theory, we show how to enforce this constraint on two benchmark control problems, namely molecular orientation and photofragmentation. The origin and the physical implications on the dynamics of this zero-area control field are discussed.

  8. Fourier decomposition of polymer orientation in large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Giacomin, A. J.; Gilbert, P. H.; Schmalzer, A. M.

    2015-03-19

    In our previous work, we explored the dynamics of a dilute suspension of rigid dumbbells as a model for polymeric liquids in large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow, a flow experiment that has gained a significant following in recent years. We chose rigid dumbbells since these are the simplest molecular model to give higher harmonics in the components of the stress response. We derived the expression for the dumbbell orientation distribution, and then we used this function to calculate the shear stress response, and normal stress difference responses in large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow. In this paper, we deepen our understanding of themore »polymer motion underlying large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow by decomposing the orientation distribution function into its first five Fourier components (the zeroth, first, second, third, and fourth harmonics). We use three-dimensional images to explore each harmonic of the polymer motion. Our analysis includes the three most important cases: (i) nonlinear steady shear flow (where the Deborah number ?? is zero and the Weissenberg number ?? 0 is above unity), (ii) nonlinear viscoelasticity (where both ?? and ?? 0 exceed unity), and (iii) linear viscoelasticity (where ?? exceeds unity and where ?? 0 approaches zero). We learn that the polymer orientation distribution is spherical in the linear viscoelastic regime, and otherwise tilted and peanut-shaped. We find that the peanut-shaping is mainly caused by the zeroth harmonic, and the tilting, by the second. The first, third, and fourth harmonics of the orientation distribution make only slight contributions to the overall polymer motion.« less

  9. RELATIVE ORIENTATION OF PAIRS OF SPIRAL GALAXIES IN THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buxton, Jesse; Ryden, Barbara S., E-mail: buxton.45@osu.edu, E-mail: ryden@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

    2012-09-10

    From our study of binary spiral galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 6, we find that the relative orientation of disks in binary spiral galaxies is consistent with their being drawn from a random distribution of orientations. For 747 isolated pairs of luminous disk galaxies, the distribution of {phi}, the angle between the major axes of the galaxy images, is consistent with a uniform distribution on the interval [0 Degree-Sign , 90 Degree-Sign ]. With the assumption that the disk galaxies are oblate spheroids, we can compute cos {beta}, where {beta} is the angle between the rotation axes of the disks. In the case that one galaxy in the binary is face-on or edge-on, the tilt ambiguity is resolved, and cos {beta} can be computed unambiguously. For 94 isolated pairs with at least one face-on member, and for 171 isolated pairs with at least one edge-on member, the distribution of cos {beta} is statistically consistent with the distribution of cos i for isolated disk galaxies. This result is consistent with random orientations of the disks within pairs.

  10. The Use of Object-Oriented Analysis Methods in Surety Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craft, Richard L.; Funkhouser, Donald R.; Wyss, Gregory D.

    1999-05-01

    Object-oriented analysis methods have been used in the computer science arena for a number of years to model the behavior of computer-based systems. This report documents how such methods can be applied to surety analysis. By embodying the causality and behavior of a system in a common object-oriented analysis model, surety analysts can make the assumptions that underlie their models explicit and thus better communicate with system designers. Furthermore, given minor extensions to traditional object-oriented analysis methods, it is possible to automatically derive a wide variety of traditional risk and reliability analysis methods from a single common object model. Automatic model extraction helps ensure consistency among analyses and enables the surety analyst to examine a system from a wider variety of viewpoints in a shorter period of time. Thus it provides a deeper understanding of a system's behaviors and surety requirements. This report documents the underlying philosophy behind the common object model representation, the methods by which such common object models can be constructed, and the rules required to interrogate the common object model for derivation of traditional risk and reliability analysis models. The methodology is demonstrated in an extensive example problem.

  11. Orientational order as the origin of the long-range hydrophobic effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saikat Banerjee; Rakesh S. Singh; Biman Bagchi

    2015-04-06

    The long range attractive force between two hydrophobic surfaces immersed in water is observed to decrease exponentially with their separation -- this distance-dependence of effective force is known as the hydrophobic force law (HFL). We explore the microscopic origin of HFL by studying distance-dependent attraction between two parallel rods immersed in 2D Mercedes Benz model of water. This model is found to exhibit a well-defined HFL. Although the phenomenon is conventionally explained by density-dependent theories, we identify orientation, rather than density, as the relevant order parameter. The range of density variation is noticeably shorter than that of orientational heterogeneity. The latter is comparable to the observed distances of hydrophobic force. At large separation, attraction between the rods arises primarily from a destructive interference among the inwardly propagating oppositely oriented heterogeneity generated in water by the two rods. As the rods are brought closer, the interference increases leading to a decrease in heterogeneity and concomitant decrease in free energy of the system, giving rise to the effective attraction. We notice formation of hexagonal ice-like structures at the onset of attractive region which suggests that metastable free energy minimum may play a role in the origin of HFL.

  12. Spin Flips - II. Evolution of dark matter halo spin orientation, and its correlation with major mergers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bett, Philip E

    2015-01-01

    We expand our previous study on the relationship between changes in the orientation of the angular momentum vector of dark matter haloes ("spin flips") and changes in their mass (Bett & Frenk 2012), to cover the full range of halo masses in a simulation cube of length 100 $h^{-1}$ Mpc. Since strong disturbances to a halo (such as might be indicated by a large change in the spin direction) are likely also to disturb the galaxy evolving within, spin flips could be a mechanism for galaxy morphological transformation without involving major mergers. We find that 35% of haloes have, at some point in their lifetimes, had a spin flip of at least $45\\deg$ that does not coincide with a major merger. Over 75% of large spin flips coincide with non-major mergers; only a quarter coincide with major mergers. We find a similar picture for changes to the inner-halo spin orientation, although here there is an increased likelihood of a flip occurring. Changes in halo angular momentum orientation, and other such measures of...

  13. Empirical Earth rotation model: a consistent way to evaluate Earth orientation parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Petrov

    2006-11-26

    It is customary to perform analysis of the Earth's rotation in two steps: first, to present results of estimation of the Earth orientation parameters in the form of time series based on a simplified model of variations of the Earth's rotation for a short period of time, and then to process this time series of adjustments by applying smoothing, re-sampling and other numerical algorithms. Although this approach saves computational time, it suffers from self-inconsistency: total Earth orientation parameters depend on a subjective choice of the apriori Earth orientation model, cross-correlations between points of time series are lost, and results of an operational analysis per se have a limited use for end users. An alternative approach of direct estimation of the coefficients of expansion of Euler angle perturbations into basis functions is developed. These coefficients describe the Earth's rotation over entire period of observations and are evaluated simultaneously with station positions, source coordinates and other parameters in a single LSQ solution. In the framework of this approach considerably larger errors in apriori EOP model are tolerated. This approach gives a significant conceptual simplification of representation of the Earth's rotation.

  14. Improved crystal orientation and physical properties from single-shot XFEL stills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauter, Nicholas K., E-mail: nksauter@lbl.gov; Hattne, Johan; Brewster, Aaron S.; Echols, Nathaniel; Zwart, Petrus H.; Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-12-01

    X-ray free-electron laser crystallography relies on the collection of still-shot diffraction patterns. New methods are developed for optimal modeling of the crystals’ orientations and mosaic block properties. X-ray diffraction patterns from still crystals are inherently difficult to process because the crystal orientation is not uniquely determined by measuring the Bragg spot positions. Only one of the three rotational degrees of freedom is directly coupled to spot positions; the other two rotations move Bragg spots in and out of the reflecting condition but do not change the direction of the diffracted rays. This hinders the ability to recover accurate structure factors from experiments that are dependent on single-shot exposures, such as femtosecond diffract-and-destroy protocols at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). Here, additional methods are introduced to optimally model the diffraction. The best orientation is obtained by requiring, for the brightest observed spots, that each reciprocal-lattice point be placed into the exact reflecting condition implied by Bragg’s law with a minimal rotation. This approach reduces the experimental uncertainties in noisy XFEL data, improving the crystallographic R factors and sharpening anomalous differences that are near the level of the noise.

  15. Effect of the substrate orientation on the formation of He-plates in Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vallet, M.; Barbot, J. F.; Declémy, A.; Beaufort, M. F. [Institut Pprime (UPR 3346), Department of Material Sciences, CNRS, Université de Poitiers, ENSMA, BP30179, 86962 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)] [Institut Pprime (UPR 3346), Department of Material Sciences, CNRS, Université de Poitiers, ENSMA, BP30179, 86962 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France); Reboh, S. [CEA-LETI, Minatec Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)] [CEA-LETI, Minatec Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)

    2013-11-21

    The effect of the crystalline orientation on the implantation-induced strain/stress and on the formation of He-plates was studied by combining high-resolution X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The highest strains are obtained in (001)-oriented implanted substrates regardless of the fluence and of the channeling effects. The anisotropic properties of the silicon that generate an anisotropic elastic response of the substrate were taken into account to explain these different values of strain. Upon specific thermal annealing, it is shown that the formation of He-plates occurs only in the (001) habit planes regardless of the orientation of the substrates, non-tilted and tilted (001)-, (110)-, and (111)-substrates. Moreover, the distribution of He-plates in the (001) variants was found to be strongly dependent on the angle of the habit plane with the surface and on the intensity of the implantation-induced strain/stress. The implantation-induced stress thus favors the formation of He-plates in specific planes (of low angle with the surface) forming different defect configurations. The nucleation and growth of He-plates are thus discussed with regard to the implantation-induced stress.

  16. Revealing the Preferred Interlayer Orientations and Stackings of Two-Dimensional Bilayer Gallium Selenide Crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xufan; Basile Carrasco, Leonardo A; Yoon, Mina; Ma, Cheng; Puretzky, Alexander A; Lee, Jaekwang; Idrobo Tapia, Juan Carlos; Chi, Miaofang; Rouleau, Christopher M; Geohegan, David B; Xiao, Kai

    2015-01-01

    Characterizing and controlling the interlayer orientations and stacking order of bilayer two-dimensional (2D) crystals and van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure is crucial to optimize their electrical and optoelectronic properties. The four polymorphs of layered gallium selenide (GaSe) that result from different layer stacking provide an ideal platform to study the stacking configurations in bilayer 2D crystals. Here, through a controllable vapor-phase deposition method we selectively grow bilayer GaSe crystals and investigate their two preferred 0 or 60 interlayer rotations. The commensurate stacking configurations (AA and AB-stacking) in as-grown 2D bilayer GaSe crystals are clearly observed at the atomic scale and the Ga-terminated edge structure are identified for the first time by using atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Theoretical analysis of the interlayer coupling energetics vs. interlayer rotation angle reveals that the experimentally-observed orientations are energetically preferred among the bilayer GaSe crystal polytypes. The combined experimental and theoretical characterization of the GaSe bilayers afforded by these growth studies provide a pathway to reveal the atomistic relationships in interlayer orientations responsible for the electronic and optical properties of bilayer 2D crystals and vdW heterostructures.

  17. TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n. 142 of 25/03/1998, comma 4, section 5 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesare, Bernardo

    Rep N. Prot N. TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n are entitled to promote training and orientation placements in the business world for the benefit of those who of trainees on training and orientation placements as specified in art. 5 of Decree nr. 142 of 25th March 1998

  18. Orientation After Dark SUMMER ORIENTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    's Wild Wings AW Shucks Charleston Crab House .East Bay Street: South End Brewery and Smokehouse #12;

  19. Optimized polar-azimuthal orientations for polarized light illumination of different superconducting nanowire single-photon detector designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csete, Maria

    The optimum orientations were determined for polarized light illumination of three superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) designs consisting of niobium-nitride (NbN) stripes with dimensions according to ...

  20. Orientations of side chains and adsorbed liquid crystal molecules on a rubbed polyimide surface studied by optical second harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Xiaowei

    Orientations of side chains and adsorbed liquid crystal molecules on a rubbed polyimide surface on a rubbed side-chain polyimide surface. Both the side chains and the LC molecules appear to be well aligned