National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for lithuania monaco romania

  1. Monaco: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Datasets Monaco is a country in Europe. External Links Monaco Renewable Energy Data from IEA Monaco Contacts from Climate-Eval LowCarbonWorld Profile for Monaco Retrieved from...

  2. Approval of Salary Adjustment Program for 2010 Monaco, Marie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ernest

    #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Approval of Salary Adjustment Program for 2010 Monaco, Marie Sent to learn of your decision to approve the implementation of the "Salary Adjustment Proposal of 2010 that the salary reductions planned for some tenured faculty violate the guarantee of "economic security" as stated

  3. Forest Products Marketing -LITHUANIA Market Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (+10) EU(25) Nordicc. Poland Lithuania Estonia Latvia Russia Furniture industry Pulp& paper industry CONSUMPTION - Domestic industry - Export - Households (fire wood) 6,4 mln.m3 ~3,5 ~ 1,4 ~1,5 Source

  4. UN ECE WPLA Workshop on Advanced Property Administration Vilnius, Lithuania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECE WPLA Workshop on Advanced Property Administration Vilnius, Lithuania 22-25 September 2004 and Mapping Agency, the Netherlands Workshop on Real Property Administration in Developing Information Society UN Economic Commission for Europe Working Party on Land Administration Vilnius, Lithuania, 22

  5. Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania: Energy

  6. Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

    2008-01-15

    As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

  7. TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS A. Vitas growth of Norway spruce in Lithuania during 20th century has been conducted. Hypothesis of the study century are attributed. Keywords: air temperature, drought, Norway spruce, pointer year, precipitation

  8. Economic Perceptions and Economic Voting in Post Communist Countries of East Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tverdova, Yuliya V.

    2007-01-01

    Hungary Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Poland Romania SloveniaHungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, andDemocratic Party of Macedonia, which received the plurality

  9. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania by Oana Diaconu Department of Economics and Management-11 Abstract: Romania is a net exporter of electricity to the SE Europe region. Its performance of this role for international transmission. Romania has committed itself to an electricity restructuring plan that includes

  10. Romania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to:Ridgway,RochesterMissouri:Romania: Energy

  11. Eugene Monaco Professional Development Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    awarded nearly $323 million to 462 grantees and trained or retrained over 150,000 health care workers inception, the program has awarded nearly $323 million to 462 grantees and trained or retrained over 150

  12. Computer Engineering Department, "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania http://csac.ulbsibiu.ro/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vintan, Lucian N.

    : Min/Max y = f(x) = (f1(x), f2(x) ... fn(x)) x = (x1, x2, ..., xm) X - decision vector (no. of coresComputer Engineering Department, "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania http" University of Sibiu (LBUS), Romania Academy of Technical Sciences of Romania #12;22 Computer Engineering

  13. Heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for Felix Spa, Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosca, Marcel; Maghiar, Teodor

    1996-01-24

    The paper presents a pre-feasibility type study of a proposed heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for an average hotel in Felix Spa, Romania. After a brief presentation of the geothermal reservoir, the paper gives the methodology and the results of the technical and economical calculations. The technical and economical viability of the proposed system is discussed in detail in the final part of the paper.

  14. The new, the old, the modern : architecture and its representation in socialist Romania, 1955-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim, Juliana, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation examines how the architectural culture of postwar Romania participated in the socialist regime's attempt to construct a new and collectivist environment. The dissertation works from a close reading of ...

  15. Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

    2010-10-01

    Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

  16. Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin

    2010-07-01

    Romania safely air shipped 23.7 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This was the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in a Type B(U) cask under existing international laws without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. This shipment was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in cooperation with the Romania National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), and the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom. The shipment was transported by truck to and from the respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at a secure nuclear facility in Russia where it will be converted into low enriched uranium. With this shipment, Romania became the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the work, equipment, and approvals that were required to complete this spent fuel air shipment.

  17. Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

    2010-03-01

    In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

  18. From promise to peril: the evolution of antisemitic legislation in Romania during the second half of the nineteenth century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Mary Terese

    1995-01-01

    -Hungary and Russia . . The Treaty of Berlin. Conclusion. IV THE DENIAL OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNlTIES. . . . . . . . . . . . Residential and Real Estate Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limitations in the Economic Sectors... living in Romania had almost complete religious freedom and pogroms were nearly unknown. The steady stream of Jews immigrating to Romania from the oppressive environment in Russia during the first half of the nineteenth century is ample evidence...

  19. Romania program targets methanol and Fischer-Tropsch research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-03-01

    Currently, the chemical organic industry, the petrochemical and engine fuels industry in Romania are entirely based on hydrocarbons from oil. To reduce the oil dependence of this sector and to ensure the stipulated growth rate of 8-9%, research and development programs have been set up with a view to the diversification of raw materials. In research on hydrocarbons from alcohol conversion, three process variants are known, i.e. olefins from methanol, gasolines from methanol and a combined gasolines and aromatic hydrocarbons from methanol. The Romanian process of methanol conversion to hydrocarbons is very flexible, with all the variants mentioned being carried out in the same plant by modifying the catalysts. In research on hydrocarbons from synthesis gas a modern process is being developed for gasification of brown coal in a fluidized bed, under pressure, in the presence of oxygen and water vapors. In the field of carbon oxide hydrogenation, studies have been carried out on selective Fischer-Tropsch processes in which the reaction products are high value hydrocarbon fractions.

  20. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  1. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01

    Russia, Ukraine, Slovakia, Macedonia, Armenia and Belarus.Poland Belarus Armenia Macedonia Ukraine Social DemocraticCyprus Romania France Macedonia Poland Lithuania Finland

  2. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  3. Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as sawnwood dropped to their lowest levels since 1991. · Russian export taxes on roundwood are disrupting, Timisoara, Romania II. Market drivers · US housing market · Energy prices · Russian export taxes · China · Pellet production in Europe, Canada, Russia · Competition with wood industry · Concern for sustainability

  4. POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 -JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response Resources in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 - JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response, IEEE, Abstract--The use of demand-side resources, in general, and demand response resources (DRRs concerns. Integration of demand response resources in the competitive electricity markets impacts resource

  5. Characterisation of Fourteenth-Century Bell-Casting Pit in Old Town Hall Sibiu, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agata Olariu; Petre Munteanu-Besliu

    1999-08-17

    In this work we have made an analytical investigation by neutron activation analysis and X-ray fluorescence of a number of pieces found on the two hearths and the slag layer discovered at the Old Town Hall from Sibiu, Romania and some bells from the surrounding region of Sibiu. The elemental analyses suggest the fact that the hearths preserve traces of an activity of alloying of copper with tin for casting bells.

  6. AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

    2010-07-01

    In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

  7. Traces of Radioactive 131I in Rain Water Samples in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margineanu, Romul; Apostu, Ana; Gomoiu, Claudia

    2011-01-01

    Measurements of I-131 (T1/2 = 8.04 days) have been performed in IFIN-HH's underground laboratory situated in Unirea salt mine from Slanic-Prahova, Romania. The rain water samples were collected in March 27th in Brasov and March 27th and 29th in Slanic. The samples were measured using a high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer equipped with a GeHP detector having a FWHM = 1.80 keV at 1332.48 keV at the second Co-60 gammaray, and a relative efficiency of 22.8 %. The results show a specific activity of I-131 of 0.35 \\pm 0.04 Bq/dm^3 in Brasov and 0.39 \\pm 0.04 Bq/dm^3, 0.13 \\pm 0.03 Bq/dm^3 and 0.71 \\pm 0.06 Bq/dm^3 in Slanic.

  8. The Management of the Radioactive Waste Generated by Cernavoda NPP, Romania, an Example of International Cooperation - 13449

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, Gheorghe

    2013-07-01

    The design criteria and constraints for the development of the management strategy for radioactive waste generated from operating and decommissioning of CANDU Nuclear Units from Cernavoda NPP in Romania, present many specific aspects. The main characteristics of CANDU type waste are its high concentrations of tritium and radiocarbon. Also, the existing management strategy for radioactive waste at Cernavoda NPP provides no treatment or conditioning for radioactive waste disposal. These characteristics embodied a challenging effort, in order to select a proper strategy for radioactive waste management at present, when Romania is an EU member and a signatory country of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The helping of advanced countries in radioactive waste management, directly or into the frame of the international organizations, like IAEA, become solve the aforementioned challenges at adequate level. (authors)

  9. New cosmic rays experiments in the underground laboratory of IFIN-HH from Slanic Prahova, Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitrica, Bogdan; Stanca, Denis; Brancus, Iliana; Margineanu, Romul; Blebea-Apostu, Ana-Maria; Gomoiu, Claudia; Saftoiu, Alexandra; Toma, Gabriel; Gherghel-Lascu, Alexandru; Niculescu-Oglinzanu, Mihai; Rebel, Heinigerd; Haungs, Andreas; Sima, Octavian

    2015-02-24

    Since 2006 a modern laboratory has been developed by IFIN-HH in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore. This work presents a short review of previous scientific activities performed in the underground laboratory, in parallel with some plans for the future. A mobile detector for cosmic muon flux measurements has been set up at IFIN-HH, Romania. The device is used to measure the muon flux on different locations at the surface and underground and it consists of two detection layers, each one including four large scintillator plates. A new rotatable detector for measurements of the directional variation of the muon flux has been designed and it is presently under preliminary tests. Built from four layers of sensitive material and using for collecting the signals and directing them to the micro PMTs a new technique, through optical fibers instead wave length shifters, it allows an easy discrimination of the moun flux on the arrival directions of muons. Combining the possibility to rotate and the directionality properties, the underground muon detector is acting like a muon tomography device, being able to scan, using cosmic muons, the rock material above the detector. In parallel new detection system based on SiPM will be also installed in the following weeks. It should be composed by four layers, each layer consisting in 4 scintillator plates what we consider in the following as a module of detection. For this purpose, first two scintillator layers, with the optical fibers positioned on perpendicular directions are put in coincidence with other two layers, 1 m distance from the first two, with similar optical fiber arrangement, thus allowing reconstructing muon trajectory. It is intended also to design and construct an experimental device for the investigation of such radio antennas and the behavior of the signal in rock salt at the Slanic salt mine in Romania. Another method to detect high energy neutrinos is based on the detection of secondary particles resulting from the interaction with the salt massive. We intent to design and construct a 3D array in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore.

  10. The morpho-topographic and cartographic analysis of the archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri", Timis County, Romania, using computer sciences methods (GIS and Remote Sensing techniques)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micle, Dorel; Maruia, Liviu

    2009-01-01

    The archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri" is the largest earth fortification in Romania, made out of four concentric compounds, spreading over 1780 hectares. It is known since 1700, but it had only a few small attempts of systematic research, the fortress gained interest only after the publishing of some satellite images by Google Earth. It is located in an area of high fields and it occupies three interfluves and contains two streams. Our paper contains a geomorphologic, topographic and cartographic analysis of the site in order to determine the limits, the structure, the morphology, the construction technique and the functionality of such a fortification.Our research is based on satellite image analysis, on archaeological topography, on soil, climate and vegetation analysis as a way to offer a complex image, through this interdisciplinary study of landscape archaeology. Through our work we try not to date the site as this objective will be achieved only after completing the systematic excavations which sta...

  11. Endogeneity analysis of output synchronization in the current and prospective EMU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Phelps, Peter

    2015-10-08

    criterion, namely the business cycle synchronization. If one considers the 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU acceding countries of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (2004), Bulgaria, Romania (2007) and Croatia (2013), which are all obliged to adopt the euro after... , Slovakia, Estonia and Lithuania. 2 EEMU includes, in addition to the aforementioned EMU countries, the following candidates: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Collectively EMU member states are referred to as EMUs...

  12. "Here we must present the dream." 1 Blanc's concise appraisal of his vision for Monaco's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    's casino-resort in 1863 set the tone for redefining Monégasque space as a center for tourism, luxury://www.montecarlolegend.com/monte-carlo-sbm- celebrates-its-150th-anniversary/ accessed on November 18, 2013. Monte Carlo, a resort-town inextricably set forth by Monte Carlo and Las Vegas. Keywords: Monte Carlo, Las Vegas, casino, tourism, consumption

  13. TOUR HYDROS.CH -Duba Hong-Kong-Singapore-Monaco-Brazil USA Records & conferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psarrakos, Panayiotis

    ;· · · · 10 #12;· · · 11 #12;12 #12;13 #12;14 #12;15 #12;16 #12;VOILES DE SAINT- TROPEZ TOUR HYDROS.CH - Dubaï19-23 July 2016 Energy Efficiency Global Forum Washington May, 12-13 TOUR HYDROS.CH ­ Records

  14. Curriculum development in Informatics in Lithuania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, D.

    Gilbert,D. Innovations in Teaching of Computing 2: Imporving the Quality of Teaching and Learning. Editor M Smith pp ch.5 43-50

  15. The Optimized Integration of the Decontamination Plan and the Radwaste Management Plan into Decommissioning Plan to the VVR-S Research Reactor from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, G. [National Authority for Nuclear Activity-Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (Romania)

    2008-07-01

    The paper presents the progress of the Decontamination Plan and Radioactive Waste Management Plan which accompanies the Decommissioning Plan for research reactor VVR-S located in Magurele, Ilfov, near Bucharest, Romania. The new variant of the Decommissioning Plan was elaborated taking into account the IAEA recommendation concerning radioactive waste management. A new feasibility study for VVR-S decommissioning was also elaborated. The preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and reusing of cleaned reactor building is envisaged. An inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the IAEA assistance. Environmental concerns are a part of the radioactive waste management strategy. In conclusion: The current version 8 of the Draft Decommissioning Plan which include the Integrated concept of Decontamination and Decommissioning and Radwaste Management, reflects the substantial work that has been incorporated by IFIN-HH in collaboration with SITON, which has resulted in substantial improvement in document The decommissioning strategy must take into account costs for VVR-S Reactor decommissioning, as well as costs for much needed refurbishments to the radioactive waste treatment plant and the Baita-Bihor waste disposal repository. Several improvements to the Baita-Bihor repository and IFIN-HH waste treatment facility were proposed. The quantities and composition of the radioactive waste generated by VVR-S Reactor dismantling were again estimated by streams and the best demonstrated practicable processing solution was proposed. The estimated quantities of materials to be managed in the near future raise some issues that need to be solved swiftly, such as treatment of aluminum and lead and graphite management. It is envisaged that these materials to be treated to Subsidiary for Nuclear Research (SCN) Pitesti. (authors)

  16. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia

  17. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta,Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova,

  18. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mexico. Micronesia. Moldova. Monaco. Mongolia. Montenegro. Morocco. Mozambique. Myanmar. Namibia. Nauru. Nepal. Netherlands. Netherlands Antilles.

  19. Authorship Authentication Using Short Messages from Social Networking Sites Jenny S. Li, John V. Monaco, Li-Chiou Chen, and Charles C. Tappert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    be compromised. For example, hackers could spam users with false messages, or hack into users' accounts and post on business transactions, such as Computers and Humans Apart (CAPTCHA), to social networking environments

  20. Session 6: Integrated Product Development and Project Management Hotel Monaco (Vienna rm) 501 Geary St San Francisco, CA April 14-17, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soloveichik, David

    D, Senior Vice President, Project Management and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Endo Time Duration Topic 7:30 am and Overview of Day 1 Charles Gombar, PhD, Senior Vice President, Project Management and Pharmaceutical 15 Chairperson: Charles Gombar, PhD, Senior Vice President, Project Management and Pharmaceutical

  1. Tritium Separation at Cernavoda Nuclear – Romania

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation from the 35th Tritium Focus Group Meeting held in Princeton New Jersey on May 05-07, 2015.

  2. Romania Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan: EnergyRocklinRohm and Haas CoTexas:

  3. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  4. The earliest water supply and sewage systems in Vilnius, Lithuania R. Pukien1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was meant for kitchen waste and was assembled in sections. Each section consisted of a flume made up of four supplied with water the newly built grand duke's palace. In the 1540s­1550s major development of the water preserved up to the bark edge. The constructed pine tree-ring series was dated against Vilnius pine

  5. copyright FACULTY of ENGINEERING -HUNEDOARA, ROMANIA Siby ABRAHAM, 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    HILL CLIMBING 1. DEPT. OF MATHS & STATS, G. N. KHALSA COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI, MUMBAI, INDIA 2 3. SCHOOL TECH & COMP SC, TATA INST. OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH, MUMBAI, INDIA 4. DEPT. OF MATHEMATICS, MITHIBAI COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI, MUMBAI, INDIA ABSTRACT: The paper proposes a methodology to find

  6. copyright FACULTY of ENGINEERING HUNEDOARA, ROMANIA 71 Shantanu PAL, 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    FOR ENSURING CLOUD SECURITY 1, 2, 3. 92 A. P. C. ROAD, UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA, INDIA 4. TATA INSTITUTE for ensuring privacy and security in a cloud computing environment. In cloud, user's data is stored in one leakage in cloud storage. Having this security challenge in mind, this paper focuses on the development

  7. NNSA, Romania Launch Radiation Detection System at International Airport

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof EnergyY-12 National SecurityDevelopment Flight Testnear

  8. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg

  9. The Precarious Role of Education in Identity and Value Formation Processes: The shift from state to market forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desjardins, R

    2015-01-01

    Slovak Republic Iceland Croatia Austria Bulgaria Netherlandscannot be ignored. Bulgaria Croatia Lithuania Czech Republic

  10. Efficient Probabilistic Model Based Approaches for Analysis of Human Genomic Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Wenyun

    2013-01-01

    Russia Ukraine Germany France Turkey France Romania GreeceRussia Ukraine Germany France Turkey Germany Romania GreeceRussia Russia Ukraine Germany France Turkey Germany Romania

  11. Accepted for publication in Climate Policy (Septembre 2008) Quotas allocation rules in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and hydroelectricity). (2) Including all sectors in the trade creates a more flexible market than in the ETS, since

  12. Institutional arrangements and land reallocation during transition : a regional analysis of small farms in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidican Sgouridis, Georgeta

    2008-01-01

    My dissertation examines an unexpected outcome of post-socialist agricultural transformation in the Central and Eastern European countries. Contrary to the initial expectations of Neoliberal transition policy-makers, various ...

  13. The 'Circular' Piazza : landscape and history as architectural material : Constanta, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urma, Ioana Ruxandra, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Ideas. This thesis attempts to demonstrate that architecture, conceived from human experience, is a dual process of thinking and doing, in addition to being a building or a final product, and can occur at any scale of ...

  14. Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan: EnergyRocklinRohm and Haas CoTexas:in Developing

  15. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Sierra Leone Suriname Liberia French Guiana Ghana TogoHG) Iceland (HG) Ireland (HS) Liberia (HS/HG) Lithuania (HS)

  16. Private versus public strategies for health service provision for improving health outcomes in resource limited settings: a systematic review.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    and private physicians in Macedonia. Health Policy 60: 67-$12,196 or more. Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius,

  17. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis for a Dam Site in Calabria (Southern Italy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmaro, Paolo; Stewart, Jonathan P.

    2015-01-01

    California, Berkeley. Van Dijk J.P. , Bello M. , Brancaleoniof the Central Mediterranean region (from Van Dijk et al. ,system is still debated (Van Dijk et al. , 2000; Monaco and

  18. BLIND AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION USING SHORT+LONG TERM AR SOURCE MODELS AND SPECTRUM MATCHING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    industrial partners: BMW Group, Cisco Systems, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR, STEr- icsson, Swisscom, Symantec, Thales. This research has also been partially supported by the SELIA project of the Futur

  19. Emerging concepts in biomarker discovery; The US-Japan workshop on immunological molecular markers in oncology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    A, Monsurro' V, Sabatino M, Pos Z, Uccellini L, Wang J,A, Chen N, Yu YA, Zhang Q, Pos Z, Weibel S, Raab V, SabatinoS, Sabatino M, Monaco A, Pos Z, Stroncek DF, Marin- cola FM:

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (MANUSCRIPT TBME-00741-2012R1) 1 Spatial Variability of the 12-Lead Surface ECG as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ) tech- niques. However, current AF management guidelines provide no systematic treatment recommendations are with the Service de Car- diologie, Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace, Monaco (e-mail: {dg.latcu, nsaoudi

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  2. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01

    Kazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTEwww.icps.com.ua/doc/Tobacco_in_Ukraine_ENG.pdf. 15. PetoKazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine Lessons Learned Notes

  3. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania...

  4. Roma Migration Inequalities in Modern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexieva, Petrouchka

    2007-01-01

    from Yugoslavia, Romania or Macedonia. They looked upon thewere deported back to Macedonia, Yugoslavia, and Romania,Montenegro, Slovakia, Macedonia, Croatia, and the Czech

  5. Paleomagnetic and chronostratigraphic constraints on the Middle to Late Miocene evolution of the Transylvanian Basin (Romania): Implications for Central Paratethys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    paleomagnetism magnetostratigraphy tectonic rotation environmental change From the Oligocene onwards, the complex tectonic evolution of the Africa­Eurasia collision zone led to paleogeo- graphic and biogeographic Badenian Salinity Crisis (BSC) up to 300 m of salt accumulate in the basin center. The faunal turnover

  6. A Postnational Double-Displacement: The Blurring of Anti-Roma Violence from Romania to Northern Ireland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Erin

    2013-01-01

    and Immigration Services (INIS). 2011. “Immigration positionNationals. ” www.inis.gov.ie/en/INIS/Pages/ WP07000059 (data exchange (see INIS 2011). Prospective employers of A2

  7. Constraints from Moho geometry and crustal thickness on the geodynamic origin of the Vrancea Seismogenic Zone (Romania)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knapp, Camelia Cristina

    of industry deep seismic reflection data (Ramnicu Sarat and Braila profiles) from the SE Carpathian foreland of the orogen. These two deep (20s) seismic reflection profiles (70km length across the foreland) reveal (1 narrow (30�70�200km3 ) near vertical zone atypical for a Wadati­Benioff plane, located in front

  8. Origin and evolution of the South Carpathians basement (Romania): a zircon and monazite geochronologic study of its Alpine sedimentary cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holliday, Vance T.

    geochronologic study of its Alpine sedimentary cover Adriana M. Stoicaa , Mihai N. Duceaa,b , Relu D. Robana limited geochronological data on high-pressure metamorphic rocks from the Getic­ Supragetic basement. In addition to the timing of tectonic events in the Carpathian basement, geochronology of detrital minerals

  9. RHIC Beam Use Proposal For FY 2002 running

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Norway ­University of Oslo, Norway ­ University of Bucharest, Romania ­ University of Kansas Abstract

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  11. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the entire world." The Energy Summit is built around the core nations of Georgia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Azerbaijan and is focused on promoting a collective energy...

  12. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  13. Risk Sharing, Financial integration, and "Mundell II" in the Enlarged European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boewer Böwer, Uwe

    2006-01-01

    Paper 20/2004, Bank of Finland, Helsinki. [17] Garcia, R.Slo vakia Lithuania Denmark Finland Greece Italy UK France BAustria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece

  14. Vilnius Energy Secretary Conference 2007: Responsible Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    achieving these goals. Thank you. Location: Vilnius, Lithuania Media contact(s): Megan Barnett, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential...

  15. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  16. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  17. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HSBC) Study: International Report from the 2009/2010 Survey Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2012-01-01

    Ukraine Austria Ireland Germany Turkey Estonia LithuaniaScotland Ireland Austria Germany Turkey Portugal Spain ItalyBelgium (Flemish) Germany Turkey Belgium (French) Iceland

  18. Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    2006-01-01

    Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

  19. MASTERCHRONOLOGIES OF NORWAY SPRUCE /...I v l u I RESHFOREST SITES /. Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Piceaabies (1.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MASTERCHRONOLOGIES OF NORWAY SPRUCE /...I v l u I RESHFOREST SITES /. t FORE! A . ' ETRY VITAS Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Piceaabies (1.) Karsten) on Fresh Forest Sites in Lithuania ADOMAS VITAS Vyta. Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Picea ahies (L.) Karsten) on Fresh Forest Sites in Lithuania. Baltic Forestry, 9

  20. GUIDED WAVES IN LAYERED PLATE WITH DELAMINATIONS Fabrizio Ricci, 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) techniques. Among the various existing techniques, guided wave methods provide a good compromise in termsGUIDED WAVES IN LAYERED PLATE WITH DELAMINATIONS 1 Fabrizio Ricci, 2 Ajit K. Mal, 1 Ernesto Monaco) models are used for more practical cases, for which the geometric and material complexities of actual

  1. A reactive BGK-type model: influence of elastic collisions and chemical interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    , Portugal Abstract. A BGK-type model for a reactive multicomponent gas undergoing chemical bimolecularA reactive BGK-type model: influence of elastic collisions and chemical interactions R. Monaco£ , M, as well as on common mean velocity and tempera- ture, is investigated with respect to chemical equilibrium

  2. Valeria Cardellini Universit di Roma "Tor Vergata," Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    "Tor Vergata," Italy Kalinka Regina Lucas Jaquie Castelo Branco Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil Júlio Cezar Estrella Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil Francisco José Monaco Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil: Jamie Snavely Cover Design: Nick Newcomer Published in the United States of America by Information

  3. THESE DE DOCTORAT DE L'UNIVERSITE PARIS 6 Biogochimie Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    are formed has a high capacity for sequestrating anthropogenic carbon. In this study the distribution LO MONACO pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE l'UNIVERSITE PARIS 6 Etude du carbone anthropique dans................................................Examinateur tel-00121242,version1-19Dec2006 #12;tel-00121242,version1-19Dec2006 #12;1 Etude du carbone anthropique

  4. On Greedy Stream Selection in MIMO BC Yohan Lejosne, Dirk Slock, Yi Yuan-Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    , SFR, ST Ericsson, Thales, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom, and also by the EU FP7 projects CROWN, SACRA to the high potential it offers in improving the system throughput. Information theory has shown, there are precoders that can not support more than one stream per user even if the system is not fully charged

  5. Net Degrees of Freedom of Decomposition Schemes for the MIMO IC with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    be expected to reach in a realistic system by taking into account the time and the cost of CSIT acquisition: BMW Group, iABG, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR, ST Microelec- tronics, Swisscom, Symantec, and by the EU FP7 projects NEWCOM# and ADEL. Part of this work has been performed in the framework of the FP7

  6. BLIND AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION EXPLOITING PERIODICITY AND SPECTRAL Siouar Bensaid, Dirk Slock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    , Orange, SAP, SFR, STMi- croelectronics, Swisscom, Symantec, and also by the French ANR project DIONISOS's research is partially supported by its industrial partners: BMW Group, Cisco Systems, Monaco Telecom and the EU FP7 project WHERE2. variation with time. The separation is achieved by identifying this function

  7. Transmission Techniques and Channel Calibration for Spatial Interweave TDD Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Symantec, Monaco Telecom, SAP, iABG and by the EU FP7 projects CROWN, SACRA, WHERE2 and NEWCOM Systems Francesco Negro, Boris Kouassi, Irfan Ghauri, Luc Deneire, and Dirk T.M. Slock Abstract--We study the problem of beamforming design for a Cognitive Radio (CR) system in which a multiple-input multiple- output

  8. Pairwise Error Probability Analysis for Power Delay Profile Fingerprinting based Localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    systems. The objective is to see the performance of PDP-F algorithms under different cost functions Ericsson, Thales, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom. The research reported herein was also partially supported by the European FP7 projects WHERE2, CROWN and NEWCOM++. for digital communication channels. In that case the aim

  9. Cramer-Rao Bounds for Power Delay Profile Fingerprinting based Positioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    , SAP, Monaco Telecom. The research reported herein was also partially supported by the European FP7 projects WHERE2, CROWN and NEWCOM++. database [1] for fingerprints. In [2], authors provide deter- ministic. It is well known that at least 3 BSs are required for a TOA based localization system to uniquely identify

  10. WIENER FILTERING IN THE WINDOWED DFT DOMAIN Siouar Bensaid, Dirk Slock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    ], it was proposed to replace diag- onal system representations in the frequency domain by banded ma- trices Group, Swisscom, SFR, ST Microelectronics, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom, iABG, and also by the French ANR project DION- ISOS and the EU FP7 NoE NEWCOM#. structure was assumed for these banded matrices

  11. ON THE NOISY MIMO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL WITH CSI THROUGH ANALOG Francesco Negro, Dirk T.M. Slock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    . This is because cellular communication systems, which are severely af- fected by intercell interference, can supported by its industrial members: ORANGE, BMW Group, Swisscom, Cisco, SFR, ST Ericsson, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom, and also by the EU FET project CROWN and FP7 projects SACRA and WHERE2. The research

  12. NET DEGREES OF FREEDOM OF RECENT SCHEMES FOR THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    DoF that this scheme can be expected to yield in a realistic system by taking into account the cost Ericsson, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom. Part of this work has been performed in the framework of the FP7 project ICT-317669 METIS, which is partly funded by the European Union. The authors would like

  13. Gaussian Half-Duplex Relay Networks: Improved Constant Gap and Connections with the Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    & Technology, IABG, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR, ST Microelectronics, Swisscom and Symantec. The research at Eurecom leading to these results has received funding from the EU Celtic+ Framework Program Project- posed as a potential and promising technique to enhance the performance of wireless systems in terms

  14. USER SELECTION IN THE MIMO BC Yohan Lejosne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Ericsson, Thales, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom, and also by the EU FP7 projects CROWN, SACRA and WHERE2 in the literature on wireless communications due to the high potential it offers in improving the system throughput stream per user even if the system is not fully charged. Such precoders have been proposed and widely

  15. User/Operator Utility-Based Infrastructure Deployment Strategies for Vehicular Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Project SCOREF. EURECOM industrial members: BMW Group, Cisco, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR Transportation Systems (ITS) is probably the most popular application area, are intended to provide connectivity ICT Project iTETRIS: An Integrated Wireless and Traffic Platform for Real-Time Road Traffic Management

  16. Can Mobility Prediction be Compatible with Cooperative Active Safety for VANET?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    ; H.4.3 [Information Systems Ap- plications]: Communications Applications; I.2.8 [Problem Solving industrial members: BMW Group, Cisco, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR, STEricsson, Swiss- com, Symantec, Thales. The authors would further acknowledge the support of the French DGCIS/OSEO for the FOT Project

  17. Short Paper: A LTE-Direct Broadcast Mechanism for Periodic Vehicular Safety Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    SYSTUF project, which is subsidized by the French ministry of Industry in the framework of the AMI ITS and Technology, IABG, Monaco Telecom, Orange, SAP, SFR, ST Microelectronics, Swisscom, Symantec. Differently from communications within an area in case of malfunctioning. Said LTE-based system will then have to ensure

  18. NetDoFs of the MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Feedback for Finite Rate of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    the main limiting factor in multi- user wireless communication systems. Tx side or Rx side zero-forcing (ZF by its industrial members: ORANGE, BMW Group, Swisscom, SFR, ST Microelectronics, Symantec, SAP, Monaco by the EU FP7 project METIS. delay is less than the channel coherence time. It was generally believed

  19. Variational Bayesian Blind and Semiblind Channel Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    elaborate the details for the case of MIMO OFDM systems. I. INTRODUCTION Blind and semiblind channel, SFR , Orange, STEricsson, Cisco, BMW Group , SAP, Monaco Telecom and Symantec. The research reported herein has also been partially supported by the European FP7 NoE NewCom++ and FET project CROWN

  20. The Noisy MIMO Interference Channel with Distributed CSI Acquisition and Filter Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    , SAP, Monaco Telecom and by the EU FP7 projects CROWN, SACRA and WHERE2. They have proved that for expressions that can easily be optimized for any set of system parameters to unveil the trade-off between also. I. INTRODUCTION The main bottleneck of system capacity in modern wire- less cellular systems

  1. BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 ­ 2004 YEAR 00-01 Armstrong, R.A., F. Gilbes, R. Guerrero. Lopez, and F. Gilbes, 2000, "Apparent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Station", Ocean Optics XV, Monaco. Gilbes, F., and R.A. Armstrong, 2000, "Inherent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Series

  2. HonorsConvocation TexasTechUniversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    Cason Clark Carroll Aaron Lucky Cherian George Chou Corey e. Coleman Charlotte e. deom yaya diaby Matthew Johnson Jordan r. Kirk William patrick Loustalot Syed M. Maaz Joseph paul Milewski paula A. MonacoWhite brent d.Wyke Ming-yangyang sUMMa CUM LaUDE diego Antonio Acevedo Joseph paul burnett Idrissa diawara

  3. RESEARCH Open Access Are clinical trials dealing with severe infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    efforts have been pro- vided to improve treatment and global management of patients suffering from severe this conference, a number of major studies have been pub- lished that substantially modified the management Department of Emergency Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace, MC-98012, Principalty of Monaco Full

  4. The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    competition rules were changed to disallow hybrids that use on-board energy storage [1]. Thus, the car builtThe Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson D. A. Fraser S. L. Hatridge C. A. Monaco R. J or republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works

  5. LUXURY CRUISE ABOARD RIVIERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    , Croatia and Slovenia on an eight-night luxury cruise. From Rome's port of Civitavecchia, set sail, Croatia, dotted with centuries-old churches and Roman ruins, followed by Koper, Slovenia, renowned for its Venice and stopping in captivating ports on the shores of Croatia, Montenegro, Italy, Monaco and France

  6. BIHAREAN BIOLOGIST 5 (1): on-first Biharean Biologist, Oradea, Romania, 2011 Article No.: 111102 http://biologie-oradea.xhost.ro/BihBiol/index.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

    lands and vineyards and (3) small and large urban parks and high-fruit orchards. The urban habitats: The aim of the current paper is to study the distribution of the amphibians and reptiles in the urban center, as well as to classify them according to their level of synantropy. The urban habitats occupied

  7. List of participants Prague Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austria Warsaw Poland Istanbul Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech Republic Hungary Hatfield United Kingdom Budapest Hungary Thailand Dresden Germany Czech Republic Austria Slovakia Austria Austria Prague Czech

  8. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Norway Romania South Africa Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates Obligations Process and 123 Agreement...

  10. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

  11. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  12. Modellering af Investeringer i Jesper Felstedt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a liberalized combined heat and power sector (CHP sector). The thesis shortly presents the economic theory of investments in Lithuania. Keywords: Net present value NPV , investements in the combined heat and power sector

  13. GARGZDAI "KRANTAS" SECONDARY SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    (limestone, dolomite, whiting, marble, gypsum, anhydrite, rock-salt) and water circulates. The areas beneficent. Tectonic movements. #12;FORMING CONDITIONS In Lithuania the intensive sinkhole zone takes the position

  14. Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulga, Mayia

    2012-01-01

    Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania: SourcesEvidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.

  15. Relationship between perceived body weight and body mass index based on self- reported height and weight among university students: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikolajczyk, Rafael T; Maxwell, Annette E; El Ansari, Walid; Stock, Christiane; Petkeviciene, Janina; Guillen-Grima, Francisco

    2010-01-01

    Denmark, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Spain and Turkey toBetween 22% (Turkey) and 51% (Germany) of female studentsA Kramer (Germany); N Bilir, H Ozcebe, D Aslan (Turkey); J

  16. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Steering Group Members Approve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Ukraine, United...

  17. Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec.

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Turkey Ukraine (Refer to 810.14 for specific information and requirements) United Arab...

  18. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or dispositioned more than 5,000...

  19. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Egypt Poland Russia Ukraine Viet Nam Romania NigeriaThailand, Turkey and ukraine as the result of tax and pricebetween 2008 and 2014) Ukraine south africa achieved steady

  20. Suffer a Scratch to Avoid a Blow? Why Post-communist Parties in Eastern Europe Introduce Lustration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Marek M.; Nalepa, Monika

    2008-01-01

    Deputatilor FSN RMDS PNL PSM 3.8 FDSN PRM PUNR PD 12.6 CDRAWS KPN BBWR Romania PRM PSM PDSR FSN FDSN PUNR B?lgarska

  1. Women @ Energy: Yan Li | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State University), and Babes-Bolyai University in Romania, studying chemistryelectrochemistry and physics with an education minor. She holds a Ph.D in chemistry...

  2. Section - - SPECIAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE IN MOST GRANTS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom; (2) A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) country (Australia, Bahrain,...

  3. Slides and Videos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Brasov Romania, June 30, 2011, Videos: Part 1, Part 2; 35th Conference on Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Oaxaca, Mexico, June 19-24 (2011)

  4. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Philippines Romania Russian Federation Senegal

  5. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro,Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegroborders, Albania and Macedonia, both bordering the conflict

  6. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  7. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990-91,” Eds. Jan KoehlerIn southwestern Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbiainclude: Belarus, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia,

  8. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

  9. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 2. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 2 of the study.

  10. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 3. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 3 of the study.

  11. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 1 of the study.

  12. Air pollution, precipitation chemistry and forest health in the Retezat Mountains,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air pollution, precipitation chemistry and forest health in the Retezat Mountains, Southern Station, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive, Riverside, CA, USA b Forest Research and Management Institute, Bucharest, Romania c Forest Research and Management Institute, Simeria, Romania d USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain

  13. Home Country Home University Number of Students Belgium ICHEC Brussels Management School 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    (UNECON) 2 Russia Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin 3 of Warsaw 1 Romania Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca 5 Romania West University of Timisoara 1 Russia Higher School of Economics in Nizhny Novgorod 2 Russia Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics

  14. Australia NO REGISTRATION NUMBER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece#12;#12;Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA #12;NO REGISTRATION NUMBER 1

  15. Envisioning Transnational American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher

    2015-01-01

    Germany, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, South Africa, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey,Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Lebanon, Morocco, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey,Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey,

  16. SU-E-T-580: Comparison of Cervical Carcinoma IMRT Plans From Four Commercial Treatment Planning Systems (TPS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Y; Li, R; Chi, Z; Zhu, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Different treatment planning systems (TPS) use different treatment optimization and leaf sequencing algorithms. This work compares cervical carcinoma IMRT plans optimized with four commercial TPSs to investigate the plan quality in terms of target conformity and delivery efficiency. Methods: Five cervical carcinoma cases were planned with the Corvus, Monaco, Pinnacle and Xio TPSs by experienced planners using appropriate optimization parameters and dose constraints to meet the clinical acceptance criteria. Plans were normalized for at least 95% of PTV to receive the prescription dose (Dp). Dose-volume histograms and isodose distributions were compared. Other quantities such as Dmin(the minimum dose received by 99% of GTV/PTV), Dmax(the maximum dose received by 1% of GTV/PTV), D100, D95, D90, V110%, V105%, V100% (the volume of GTV/PTV receiving 110%, 105%, 100% of Dp), conformity index(CI), homogeneity index (HI), the volume of receiving 40Gy and 50 Gy to rectum (V40,V50) ; the volume of receiving 30Gy and 50 Gy to bladder (V30,V50) were evaluated. Total segments and MUs were also compared. Results: While all plans meet target dose specifications and normal tissue constraints, the maximum GTVCI of Pinnacle plans was up to 0.74 and the minimum of Corvus plans was only 0.21, these four TPSs PTVCI had significant difference. The GTVHI and PTVHI of Pinnacle plans are all very low and show a very good dose distribution. Corvus plans received the higer dose of normal tissue. The Monaco plans require significantly less segments and MUs to deliver than the other plans. Conclusion: To deliver on a Varian linear-accelerator, the Pinnacle plans show a very good dose distribution. Corvus plans received the higer dose of normal tissue. The Monaco plans have faster beam delivery.

  17. Lars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Financed by The Swedish Energy Agency Phase II INTEGRATION OF FOREST FUEL HANDLING INTHE ORDINARY Renatas Budrys Forest Department, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania Swedish EnergyLars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002 Forest Department, Ministry of Environment

  18. HISTORICAL WOOD COLLECTION AT THE DENDROCHRONOLOGY LABORATORY, VYTAUTAS MAGNUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HISTORICAL WOOD COLLECTION AT THE DENDROCHRONOLOGY LABORATORY, VYTAUTAS MAGNUS UNIVERSITY Rtil, Kaunas, LT-3018, Lithuania, rutile_pukiene@fc.vdu.lt Abstract Historical wood has been collected at Kaunas dendrochronology laboratory since the laboratory foundation in 1968. The wood is used

  19. R. ERLICKYT, A. VITAS BALTIC FORESTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Scots pine, annual radial increment, environmental pollution, climatic factors, synergistic impact. Therefore tree rings and their width and structure, integrally reflect the impact of all environmental.) growth and condition in the impact zone of one of the biggest air pollution sources in Lithuania

  20. International Services Fall 2013 Total Enrollment = 2657

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Systems Finance Business Administration Electrical Engineering 37 38 38 40 43 48 49 71 79 79 88 141 Top 10.26% Lithuania 1 0.04% Macedonia 1 0.04% Malawi 1 0.04% Malaysia 12 0.45% Mali 1 0.04% Mauritius 3 0.11% Mexico

  1. Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Detlef P. Netherlands LA Warren Rachel UK RE Weyant John USA RE Babiker Mustafa Kuwait Chapter 4: Energy Adegbulugbe Anthony Nigeria LA Fenhann Jørgen Denmark LA Konstantinaviciute Inga Lithuania LA Moomaw William Nationality CLA Smith Peter UK CLA Martino Daniel L. Uruguay LA Cai Zucong China LA Gwary Daniel Nigeria LA

  2. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  3. 28 Caltech Undergraduate Research Journal W I N T E R 2 0 1 0 29www.curj.caltech.edu Community Seismic Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    read/write operations to prevent corrupting millions of dollars worth of data. The electrical grid. Early warning systems are already in place in Japan, Mexico, Romania, Taiwan, and Turkey. In this paper

  4. ORISE: After a Brief Decline, Recent Foreign Ph.D. Graduates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were more likely to stay than others. Seven countries-China, Romania, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, India, Iran, and Russia-have five-year stay rates greater than 75%. According to the...

  5. Curriculum Vitae of Prof. Dr. David N. Nikogosyan Personal data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikogosyan, David N.

    Visiting Fellowship Award from the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK. Information on the careers Romania (2002), who works in the European Patent Office, the Hague, Netherlands. Recent research grants 1

  6. Why Study German? Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    of Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia and Romania. German is the third most studied foreign language? As a nation, Germany has one of the top ten world economies and is the home of the European Bank. It exports

  7. Film Notes: Three Romanian Movies (On Belonging and Corporeality in the New Wave of Romanian Cinema)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman, Denise

    2008-01-01

    new wave of Romanian cinema also bear stylistic influences.in Romania after 1989 are cinema vérité, documentary, real-in the New Wave of Romanian Cinema) by Denise Roman the dim

  8. Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, Zafarbek

    2013-08-22

    , Paraguay, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay Excess Demand Regions (Importing Countries) Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France...

  9. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  10. 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference Pune (2005) 6, 121124 The influence of properties of individual hadronic interactions on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hörandel, Jörg R.

    2005-01-01

    . Inst. of Phys. and Nucl. Engineering, Bucharest, Romania (2) now at University Leeds, LS2 9JT Leeds with recent measurements from the HiRes experiment [3, 4]. The variation of QGSJET 01 is labeled model 3

  11. Consolidation of Democracy in Postcommunist Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandelj, Nina; Radu, Bogdan

    2006-01-01

    Bulgaria (1990-2002), Croatia (1992- 2002), Czech Republic (in 2001, while Romania and Croatia have yet to do so. Togovernment. In cases of Croatia during Tudjman’s presidency

  12. Rehabilitation project of some coal fired electricity generating units in compliance with RENEL`s development strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Octavian, P.; Cristian, T.

    1996-12-31

    The Romanian Authority of Electricity (RENEL) is a state-owned company for generation, transport, and distribution of electric and thermal power in Romania. The paper discusses the present situation regarding energy supply in Romania based on fossil fuels and RENEL`s strategy for energy sector development, namely, the rehabilitation of existing generating plants rather than new investments. The paper briefly describes RENEL`s rehabilitation programs, and the analysis of solutions suited for expanding RENEL`s rehabilitation program.

  13. SU-E-T-608: Performance Comparison of Four Commercial Treatment Planning Systems Applied to Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Y; Li, R; Chi, Z [The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, CN, Shijiazhuang, Hebei (China)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To compare the performances of four commercial treatment planning systems (TPS) used for the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods: Ten patients of nasopharyngeal (4 cases), esophageal (3 cases) and cervical (3 cases) cancer were randomly selected from a 3-month IMRT plan pool at one radiotherapy center. For each patient, four IMRT plans were newly generated by using four commercial TPS (Corvus, Monaco, Pinnacle and Xio), and then verified with Matrixx (two-dimensional array/IBA Company) on Varian23EX accelerator. A pass rate (PR) calculated from the Gamma index by OminiPro IMRT 1.5 software was evaluated at four plan verification standards (1%/1mm, 2%/2mm, 3%/3mm, 4%/4mm and 5%/5mm) for each treatment plan. Overall and multiple pairwise comparisons of PRs were statistically conducted by analysis of covariance (ANOVA) F and LSD tests among four TPSs. Results: Overall significant (p>0.05) differences of PRs were found among four TPSs with F test values of 3.8 (p=0.02), 21.1(>0.01), 14.0 (>0.01), 8.3(>0.01) at standards of 1%/1mm to 4%/4mm respectively, except at 5%/5mm standard with 2.6 (p=0.06). All means (standard deviation) of PRs at 3%/3mm of 94.3 ± 3.3 (Corvus), 98.8 ± 0.8 (Monaco), 97.5± 1.7 (Pinnacle), 98.4 ± 1.0 (Xio) were above 90% and met clinical requirement. Multiple pairwise comparisons had not demonstrated a consistent low or high pattern on either TPS. Conclusion: Matrixx dose verification results show that the validation pass rates of Monaco and Xio plans are relatively higher than those of the other two; Pinnacle plan shows slight higher pass rate than Corvus plan; lowest pass rate was achieved by the Corvus plan among these four kinds of TPS.

  14. European Union Data Protection Law and Media Expression: Fundamentally Off Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdos, David O.

    2015-06-16

    The laws of three countries (*Croatia, *Czech Republic and *Spain) provide no media derogation at all from any part of the data protection scheme. All these countries are therefore placed in category a/1 in relation to each data protection provision... the availability of media derogations in relation to all of the above principles. The law of some eighteen jurisdictions (Belgium, *Bulgaria, *Croatia, Cyprus, *Czech Republic, *Estonia, Greece, Hungary, *Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands...

  15. Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2008-01-01

    , cooperatives, groups, societies, systems, and instruments, etc. that serve as vehicles of cultural development. Ruutsoo’s analysis draws on statistical data from each of the three Baltic countries, as well as from Finland, Europe and Scandinavia, in order... labeled Baltic countries, for geo-political convenience, Ruutsoo’s analysis also shows that they not a culturally unified community. Estonia and Latvia more closely followed development in Finland, while Lithuania seemed closer to Central European...

  16. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo; Ragazzi, Marco; Istrate, Irina Aura; Rada, Elena Cristina

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  17. Contributing to engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    's energy industry and certain other industrial applications. Through an integrated global network in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Guatemala, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Romania, Uruguay, USA and the renewal of Scholarships awarded in previous years. Scholarships For exceptional university graduates from

  18. License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September Norway X X X X Poland X X Portugal X X X X Romania X X Russia X X Slovakia X X South Africa X X Spain X X X 1 Cooperating Countries #12;License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 2 Export

  19. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 143, 8185 (2007) c EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramasco, José Javier

    2007-01-01

    -Napoca, Romania 5 Physics Department, Emory University, Atlanta Georgia 30322, USA Abstract. The power-law form>() (probability to have wealth greater than a certain value) had always a power-law form, in the higher argument in ref. [4] to study a community in ancient Egypt. In the present work, we present and discuss some

  20. FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 %); the pulp, paper and paper products (+ 13.1 %) and the furniture production (+ 10.8 %). The GDP evolution affecting the forest and forest industries sector In Romania, the year 2007 represents the sixth consecutive in the first semester, the services ­ with 51.4 % the second placed being the industry with 27

  1. Hierarchical Approach for Hardware/ Software Systems Tudor NICULIU Sorin COTOFANA* Anton MANOLESCU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    ) and verification (functional simulation of the system's structure), as well on higher as on lower abstractionHierarchical Approach for Hardware/ Software Systems Tudor NICULIU Sorin COTOFANA* Anton MANOLESCU Bucuresti, Romania, E-mail: tudor@messnet.pub.ro (*)Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical

  2. Policies for whom? Realities of the Romanian Peasantry beyond the Common Agricultural Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez Beperet, Maria

    2014-11-27

    -transition countries such as Romania, the country selected to exemplify this research. The CAP might be seen as another project of modern (rural) development and hence, neo-liberal expansionism. The realities of the local communities are not taken into account, thus...

  3. Building the Future SERIES Seismic Engineering research infrastructures for European synergies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROCODES Building the Future SERIES ­ Seismic Engineering research infrastructures for European Workshop ­ Iasi, Romania, July, 14, 2009 Partially based on proposals by M Fardis #12;EUROCODES Building · EN1998-1: General rules, seismic actions and r les for b ildingsrules for buildings · EN1998

  4. FLORIAN A. POTRA January 20, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potra, Florian

    ­2007 Robust Optimization of Machining, The National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2001 Faculty Appointee, Applied and Computational Mathematics Division, The Na- tional Institute of Standards for Scientific and Technical Creation (INCREST), Bucharest, Romania. 1974­1978 Analyst, Digital Processing Center

  5. Razvan Stefanescu Curriculum vitae CONTACT Department of Computer Science 540-231-0331

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    and uncertainty analysis, sparse algorithms, machine learning, scientific comput- ing, numerical analysis of Mathematics and Scientific Computing, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa", Ia¸si, Romania. March: Numerical Algorithms for the Approximation of Elliptic PDEs and Applications. M.Sc. in Financial Mathematics

  6. Evidence for an Extended Reconnection Line at the Dayside Magnetopause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Charles W.

    process which converts stored magnetic energy into kinetic and thermal energies. The process is thought; Yokoyama et al., 1995] and solar coronal heating [Innes et al., 1997]; planetary magnetopauses and tails of Space Sciences, Bucharest, Romania 11 Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Aichi

  7. Part 3, Authors: C To Czygan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farr, Marion M.; Bero, Dorothy; Carson, Gertrude B.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1939-01-01

    . London. Brit. J. Ophth.?The British Journal of Ophthalmology. London. Brit. J. Urol.?The British Journal of Urol-ogy. London. Bui. Asoc. Gen. Med. Vet. Rom?nia.?Buleti-nul Asociatiei Generale a Medicilor Veteri- nari din Romania. Bucure?ti. Bul. Dir...

  8. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, except, Mexico,United Kingdom, Taiwan, Russia, Belarus, Egypt, Hong Kong, Romania,Italy, Malaysia, Ukraine

  9. The Central Parsecs of the Galaxy ASP Conference Series, Vol. 186, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcke, Heino

    . Alternatively, one can think of a jet plus wind model (EDAF), where most of the energy goes out without being, Romania 2 Max Planck Institute of Radioastronomy, Auf dem H¨ugel, 69, Bonn, Germany Abstract. We dissipated in the disk. The model resembles the ADAF model at small radii. At large radii the energy

  10. Proceedings of the NAACL-HLT 2007 Doctoral Consortium, pages 2932, Rochester, April 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Association for Computational Linguistics Semantic Frames in Romanian Natural Language Processing Systems Science, Romanian Academy, Iai Branch 16, Gen. Berthelot, 700483-Iai, Romania dtrandabat@info a semantic frame database for Romanian, similar to the FrameNet database. Since creating language resources

  11. Proceedings of COLING 2014, the 25th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: System Demonstrations, pages 4447, Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , General Berthelot St., 700483, Iasi, Romania daniel.anechitei@info.uaic.ro Abstract 1 This paper presents an adaptable online Multilingual Discourse Processing System (Mul- tiDPS), composed of four natural language its own processing chain, by incorporating knowledge or resources for each tool for the desired

  12. This article was downloaded by: [University of Leeds] On: 21 August 2011, At: 22:32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benning, Liane G.

    This article was downloaded by: [University of Leeds] On: 21 August 2011, At: 22:32 Publisher, Bucharest, Romania b School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom c School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom Available online: 19 Aug 2011 To cite

  13. Investigating the 2nd knee: The KASCADE-Grande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the hypothesis of new hadronic interaction mechanisms at the knee energy, as for example the production of heavy Karlsruhe, Germany National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 7690 Bucharest, Romania, Universit¨at Karlsruhe, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany ¶ Fachbereich Physik, Universit¨at Siegen, 57068 Siegen

  14. Introduction to Space Climate K. Mursula a,*, I.G. Usoskin b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    , their prediction and effects on the near-Earth environ- ment and technology. Accordingly, Space Climate is the longIntroduction to Space Climate K. Mursula a,*, I.G. Usoskin b , G. Maris c a Department of Physical., Bucharest-37, RO-020032, Romania Abstract ``Space Climate'' is a relatively new scientific concept, which

  15. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  16. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  17. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elam, Carolyn C.

    2001-12-01

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  18. Little Cedar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:

  19. Little Elm, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm, Texas:

  20. Little Hot Spring Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,

  1. Little Pringle I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,I Jump

  2. Little Pringle II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,I

  3. Little River Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,ILittle

  4. SU-E-T-539: Fixed Versus Variable Optimization Points in Combined-Mode Modulated Arc Therapy Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kainz, K; Prah, D; Ahunbay, E; Li, X

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: A novel modulated arc therapy technique, mARC, enables superposition of step-and-shoot IMRT segments upon a subset of the optimization points (OPs) of a continuous-arc delivery. We compare two approaches to mARC planning: one with the number of OPs fixed throughout optimization, and another where the planning system determines the number of OPs in the final plan, subject to an upper limit defined at the outset. Methods: Fixed-OP mARC planning was performed for representative cases using Panther v. 5.01 (Prowess, Inc.), while variable-OP mARC planning used Monaco v. 5.00 (Elekta, Inc.). All Monaco planning used an upper limit of 91 OPs; those OPs with minimal MU were removed during optimization. Plans were delivered, and delivery times recorded, on a Siemens Artiste accelerator using a flat 6MV beam with 300 MU/min rate. Dose distributions measured using ArcCheck (Sun Nuclear Corporation, Inc.) were compared with the plan calculation; the two were deemed consistent if they agreed to within 3.5% in absolute dose and 3.5 mm in distance-to-agreement among > 95% of the diodes within the direct beam. Results: Example cases included a prostate and a head-and-neck planned with a single arc and fraction doses of 1.8 and 2.0 Gy, respectively. Aside from slightly more uniform target dose for the variable-OP plans, the DVHs for the two techniques were similar. For the fixed-OP technique, the number of OPs was 38 and 39, and the delivery time was 228 and 259 seconds, respectively, for the prostate and head-and-neck cases. For the final variable-OP plans, there were 91 and 85 OPs, and the delivery time was 296 and 440 seconds, correspondingly longer than for fixed-OP. Conclusion: For mARC, both the fixed-OP and variable-OP approaches produced comparable-quality plans whose delivery was successfully verified. To keep delivery time per fraction short, a fixed-OP planning approach is preferred.

  5. The analysis of climate variability at local and regional scales in the global warming context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mares, I.; Mares, C.

    1996-12-31

    The time series of the seasonal and annual temperatures and precipitation amounts from two stations with observations for more than 100 years and from one mountain station (data since 1928), in Romania have been analyzed. For the entire territory of Romania, 33 stations have also been studied using EOF components, for the 1950--1993 period. In order to find climate change-points, nonparametric tests Pettitt and Mann-Kendall have been used. Quantification of the significant change-points was made estimating the signal-to-noise ratio. Some of the change-points in the temperature and precipitation fields could be associated with the changes in the geopotential field at 500hPa, represented by EOFs and blocking index calculated for the Atlantic-European region. The comparison with other results obtained from the European stations or from the entire Northern Hemisphere shows several common points, but also some differences in the climate jumps, reflecting the local peculiarities.

  6. PIXE pollution studies across Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Innegraeve, O.; Blanchet, X.; Muntele, C. I.; Muntele, I. C.; Zimmerman, R. L.; Popa-Simil, L. (Liviu); Voiculescu, D.; Racolta, P. M.; Ila, D.

    2002-01-01

    We collected vegetation and soil samples from various locations along a route covering Eastern and Western Europe. We measured the level of elemental pollution in different places uniformly spread across the continent to determine which of them may have common sources. To achieve these objectives, samples were collected along the main roads from Romania to Portugal and analyzed using in-air PEE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission).

  7. RHIC Beam Use Proposal HE/NP PACHE/NP PAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Copenhagen,Denmark University of Bucharest, Romania. University of Kansas, USA. University of Bergen, Norway-Au completions at ? sNN=200 GeV ?Lighter system at ? sNN =200 GeV (preferential Si/S) ­ Au-Au at lower energy and freeze-out. Hard processes · Mini-jet production systematic; rapidity dependence (pt > 2 GeV/c p, K

  8. Guiding Douglas-fir Seed Selection in Europe Under Changing Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Andreas

    Germany S. Germany Italy Central Europe Coastal Balkans Balkans Romania Turkey Planting Sites Spain 300 20 102 105 111103 Finland Norway Scotland S. UK N. Coast Poland E. Germany Spain France & Belgium Central A S O N D Finland 300 20 10 0 -10 200 100 0 Temperature(°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D Central Germany 300

  9. SU-E-T-226: Junction Free Craniospinal Irradiation in Linear Accelerator Using Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy : A Novel Technique Using Dose Tapering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarkar, B; Roy, S; Paul, S; Munshi, A; Roy, Shilpi; Jassal, K; Ganesh, T; Mohanti, BK

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Spatially separated fields are required for craniospinal irradiation due to field size limitation in linear accelerator. Field junction shits are conventionally done to avoid hot or cold spots. Our study was aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of junction free irradiation plan of craniospinal irradiation (CSI) for Meduloblastoma cases treated in linear accelerator using Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) technique. Methods: VMAT was planned using multiple isocenters in Monaco V 3.3.0 and delivered in Elekta Synergy linear accelerator. A full arc brain and 40° posterior arc spine fields were planned using two isocentre for short (<1.3 meter height ) and 3 isocentres for taller patients. Unrestricted jaw movement was used in superior-inferior direction. Prescribed dose to PTV was achieved by partial contribution from adjacent beams. A very low dose gradient was generated to taper the isodoses over a long length (>10 cm) at the conventional field junction. Results: In this primary study five patients were planned and three patients were delivered using this novel technique. As the dose contribution from the adjacent beams were varied (gradient) to create a complete dose distribution, therefore there is no specific junction exists in the plan. The junction were extended from 10–14 cm depending on treatment plan. Dose gradient were 9.6±2.3% per cm for brain and 7.9±1.7 % per cm for spine field respectively. Dose delivery error due to positional inaccuracy was calculated for brain and spine field for ±1mm, ±2mm, ±3mm and ±5 mm were 1%–0.8%, 2%–1.6%, 2.8%–2.4% and 4.3%–4% respectively. Conclusion: Dose tapering in junction free CSI do not require a junction shift. Therefore daily imaging for all the field is also not essential. Due to inverse planning dose to organ at risk like thyroid kidney, heart and testis can be reduced significantly. VMAT gives a quicker delivery than Step and shoot or dynamic IMRT.

  10. SU-E-J-239: IMRT Planning of Prostate Cancer for a MRI-Linac Based On MRI Only

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, X; Prior, P; Paulson, E; Lawton, C; Li, X

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: : To investigate dosimetric differences between MRI- and CT-based IMRT planning for prostate cancer, the impact of a magnetic field in a MRI-Linac, and to explore the feasibility of IMRT planning based on MRI alone. Methods: IMRT plans were generated based on CT and MRI images acquired on two representative prostate-cancer patients using clinical dose volume constraints. A research planning system (Monaco, Elekta), which employs a Monte Carlo dose engine and includes a perpendicular magnetic field of 1.5T from an MRI-Linac, was used. Bulk electron density assignments based on organ-specific values from ICRU 46 were used to convert MRI (T2) to pseudo CT. With the same beam configuration as in the original CT plan, 5 additional plans were generated based on CT or MRI, with or without optimization (i.e., just recalculation) and with or without the magnetic field. The plan quality in terms of commonly used dose volume (DV) parameters for all plans was compared. The statistical uncertainty on dose was < 1%. Results: For plans with the same contour set but without re-optimization, the DV parameters were different from those for the original CT plan, mostly less than 5% with a few exceptions. These differences were reduced to mostly less than 3% when the plans were re-optimized. For plans with contours from MRI, the differences in the DV parameters varied depending on the difference in the contours as compared to CT. For the optimized plans with contours from MR, the differences for PTV were less than 3%. Conclusion: The prostate IMRT plans based on MRI-only for a MR-Linac were practically similar as compared to the CT plan under the same beam and optimization configuration if the difference on the structure delineation is excluded, indicating the feasibility of using MRI-only for prostate IMRT.

  11. SU-E-J-193: Feasibility of MRI-Only Based IMRT Planning for Pancreatic Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prior, P; Botros, M; Chen, X; Paulson, E; Erickson, B; Li, X

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: With the increasing use of MRI simulation and the advent of MRI-guided delivery, it is desirable to use MRI only for treatment planning. In this study, we assess the dosimetric difference between MRI- and CTbased IMRT planning for pancreatic cancer. Methods: Planning CTs and MRIs acquired for a representative pancreatic cancer patient were used. MRI-based planning utilized forced relative electron density (rED) assignment of organ specific values from IRCU report 46, where rED = 1.029 for PTV and a rED = 1.036 for non-specified tissue (NST). Six IMRT plans were generated with clinical dose-volume (DV) constraints using a research Monaco planning system employing Monte Carlo dose calculation with optional perpendicular magnetic field (MF) of 1.5T. The following five plans were generated and compared with the planning CT: 1.) CT plan with MF and dose recalculation without optimization; 2.) MRI (T2) plan with target and OARs redrawn based on MRI, forced rED, no MF, and recalculation without optimization; 3.) Similar as in 2 but with MF; 4.) MRI plan with MF but without optimization; and 5.) Similar as in 4 but with optimization. Results: Generally, noticeable differences in PTV point doses and DV parameters (DVPs) between the CT-and MRI-based plans with and without the MF were observed. These differences between the optimized plans were generally small, mostly within 2%. Larger differences were observed in point doses and mean doses for certain OARs between the CT and MRI plan, mostly due to differences between image acquisition times. Conclusion: MRI only based IMRT planning for pancreatic cancer is feasible. The differences observed between the optimized CT and MRI plans with or without the MF were practically negligible if excluding the differences between MRI and CT defined structures.

  12. Poster — Thur Eve — 57: Evaluation of laryngeal mucosal dose with conventional linac and TomoTherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nusrat, H; Lekx, K; Eapen, L

    2014-08-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not underdosing occurs in the mucosal layer during treatment of glottis cancer. A larynx phantom was produced and regions at risk of recurrence due to suspected underdosing were identified and wells drilled into the phantom for flush placement of TLDs. Seven interest points were chosen. CT simulation was completed prior to the wells being drilled, and again afterwards with the TLD locations indicated using BBs. Treatment plans created for this investigation included: 3DCRT using Elekta-XiO (n=9) and VMAT created using Elekta-Monaco (n=9), both delivered on an Elekta linac; standard TomoTherapy plan (n=11) and a directionally blocked TomoTherapy plan to approximate a 3D-conformal approach (n=5). Imaging dose during TomoTherapy deliveries was accounted for. The average TLD result at each interest point was compared to the planned value using a paired t-test. There was no significant difference between the planned and measured 3DCRT dose (268.9 vs. 267.0 cGy, respectively; p>0.05). Similarly, the planned and measured TomoTherapy treatment did not show any significant differences (271.7 vs 269.7 cGy; p>0.05). In the blocked TomoTherapy plan, significant overdosing was seen (274.5 vs 294.9 cGy; p<0.05) and underdosing was not seen in the VMAT treatment (303.5 vs 321.8 cGy; p>0.05). Further investigation is ongoing to ensure appropriate normalization of results and to investigate the overdosing noted with the blocked TomoTherapy plan. Results from this study suggest that significant underdosing does not occur in the conventional treatment of early glottic cancer using 6MV photons.

  13. The SANS facility at the Pitesti 14MW TRIGA reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ionita, I. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania)], E-mail: ionionita@lycos.com; Grabcev, B.; Todireanu, S. [National Institute of Materials Physics (NIMP) (Romania); Constantin, F. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania); Shvetsov, V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Anghel, E. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania); Popescu, G. [National College Alexandru Odobescu (Romania); Mincu, M.; Datcu, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania)

    2006-12-15

    The SANS facility existing at the Pitesti 14MW TRIGA reactor is presented. The main characteristics and the preliminary evaluation of the installation performances are given. A monochromatic neutron beam with 1.5 A {<=} {lambda} {<=} 5 A is produced by a mechanical velocity selector with helical slots. A fruitful partnership was established between INR Pitesti (Romania) and JINR Dubna (Russia). The first step in this cooperation consists in the manufacturing in Dubna of a battery of gas-filled positional detectors devoted to the SANS instrument.

  14. Women in physics : Are we there yet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagnon, Pauline

    18,2% 16,1% 11,3% Germany 13,9% 20,7% 15,2% UK 10,1% 23,2% 18,1% Italy 7,7% 25,8% 31,9% France 7,9% 27,8% 28,6% Portugal 0,9% 22,2% 20,8% Romania 0,8% 46,7% 42,9% Australia 0,7% 7,1% 0,0% Turkey 0 4 22,2% Germany 56 20,7% Canada 15 20,0% Using only countries with > 14

  15. Packaging waste recycling in Europe: Is the industry paying for it?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira da Cruz, Nuno Ferreira, Sandra; Cabral, Marta; Simões, Pedro; Marques, Rui Cunha

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • We study the recycling schemes of France, Germany, Portugal, Romania and the UK. • The costs and benefits of recycling are compared for France, Portugal and Romania. • The balance of costs and benefits depend on the perspective (strictly financial/economic). • Financial supports to local authorities ought to promote cost-efficiency. - Abstract: This paper describes and examines the schemes established in five EU countries for the recycling of packaging waste. The changes in packaging waste management were mainly implemented since the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste entered into force. The analysis of the five systems allowed the authors to identify very different approaches to cope with the same problem: meet the recovery and recycling targets imposed by EU law. Packaging waste is a responsibility of the industry. However, local governments are generally in charge of waste management, particularly in countries with Green Dot schemes or similar extended producer responsibility systems. This leads to the need of establishing a system of financial transfers between the industry and the local governments (particularly regarding the extra costs involved with selective collection and sorting). Using the same methodological approach, the authors also compare the costs and benefits of recycling from the perspective of local public authorities for France, Portugal and Romania. Since the purpose of the current paper is to take note of who is paying for the incremental costs of recycling and whether the industry (i.e. the consumer) is paying for the net financial costs of packaging waste management, environmental impacts are not included in the analysis. The work carried out in this paper highlights some aspects that are prone to be improved and raises several questions that will require further research. In the three countries analyzed more closely in this paper the industry is not paying the net financial cost of packaging waste management. In fact, if the savings attained by diverting packaging waste from other treatment (e.g. landfilling) and the public subsidies to the investment on the “recycling system” are not considered, it seems that the industry should increase the financial support to local authorities (by 125% in France, 50% in Portugal and 170% in Romania). However, in France and Portugal the industry is paying local authorities more than just the incremental costs of recycling (full costs of selective collection and sorting minus the avoided costs). To provide a more definitive judgment on the fairness of the systems it will be necessary to assess the cost efficiency of waste management operators (and judge whether operators are claiming costs or eliciting “prices”)

  16. Rome, Italy: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to:Ridgway,RochesterMissouri:Romania:

  17. Qualification tests for {sup 192}Ir sealed sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iancso, Georgeta Iliescu, Elena Iancu, Rodica

    2013-12-16

    This paper describes the results of qualification tests for {sup 192}Ir sealed sources, available in Testing and Nuclear Expertise Laboratory of National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' (I.F.I.N.-HH), Romania. These sources had to be produced in I.F.I.N.-HH and were tested in order to obtain the authorization from The National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). The sources are used for gammagraphy procedures or in gammadefectoscopy equipments. Tests, measurement methods and equipments used, comply with CNCAN, AIEA and International Quality Standards and regulations. The qualification tests are: 1. Radiological tests and measurements: dose equivalent rate at 1 m; tightness; dose equivalent rate at the surface of the transport and storage container; external unfixed contamination of the container surface. 2. Mechanical and climatic tests: thermal shock; external pressure; mechanic shock; vibrations; boring; thermal conditions for storage and transportation. Passing all tests, it was obtained the Radiological Security Authorization for producing the {sup 192}Ir sealed sources. Now IFIN-HH can meet many demands for this sealed sources, as the only manufacturer in Romania.

  18. Radiological Threat Reduction (RTR) program : implementing physical security to protect large radioactive sources worldwide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowe, Daniel L.

    2004-11-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Radiological Threat Reduction (RTR) Program strives to reduce the threat of a Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD) incident that could affect U.S. interests worldwide. Sandia National Laboratories supports the RTR program on many different levels. Sandia works directly with DOE to develop strategies, including the selection of countries to receive support and the identification of radioactive materials to be protected. Sandia also works with DOE in the development of guidelines and in training DOE project managers in physical protection principles. Other support to DOE includes performing rapid assessments and providing guidance for establishing foreign regulatory and knowledge infrastructure. Sandia works directly with foreign governments to establish cooperative agreements necessary to implement the RTR Program efforts to protect radioactive sources. Once necessary agreements are in place, Sandia works with in-country organizations to implement various security related initiatives, such as installing security systems and searching for (and securing) orphaned radioactive sources. The radioactive materials of interest to the RTR program include Cobalt 60, Cesium 137, Strontium 90, Iridium 192, Radium 226, Plutonium 238, Americium 241, Californium 252, and Others. Security systems are implemented using a standardized approach that provides consistency through out the RTR program efforts at Sandia. The approach incorporates a series of major tasks that overlap in order to provide continuity. The major task sequence is to: Establish in-country contacts - integrators, Obtain material characterizations, Perform site assessments and vulnerability assessments, Develop upgrade plans, Procure and install equipment, Conduct acceptance testing and performance testing, Develop procedures, and Conduct training. Other tasks are incorporated as appropriate and commonly include such as support of reconfiguring infrastructure, and developing security plans, etc. This standardized approach is applied to specific country and regional needs. Recent examples (FY 2003-2004) include foreign missions to Lithuania, Russian Federation Navy, Russia - PNPI, Greece (joint mission with IAEA), Tanzania, Iraq, Chile, Ecuador, and Egypt. Some of the ambitions and results of the RTR program may be characterized by the successes in Lithuania, Greece, and Russia.

  19. WE-G-17A-07: Investigation of the Influence of the Electron Return Effect (ERE) On the Dose Distribution in Rectal Cancer Patients On a 1.5T MR-Linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uilkema, S; Heide, U; Nijkamp, J; Sonke, J; Moreau, M

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this planning study is to investigate the influence of the ERE on the day-to-day dose distribution in rectal cancer patients, where changes in gas-pockets frequently occur. Methods: Daily CT scans of 5 patients treated neo-adjuvant with 5x5Gy for rectal cancer were used. We optimized two plans on the planning CT (Monaco, 1 mm3 dosegrid), a conventional 7-field 6MV IMRT plan (Dconv) and a plan in the presence of a 1.5T field (Dmrl). We recalculated the plans on all repeat-CT scans and evaluated under/over-dosage of the daily CTVs. Changes of more than 1% were considered significant. In the bowel area, we investigated the relative dose changes due to the ERE, where the contribution of the ERE was separated from other effects such as attenuation. Results: Both plans were comparable and compliant with ICRU 62 for all patients. For 2 fractions in one patient under-dosage in the CTV was significant, due to a disappearing gas-pocket. Here the V95 was 96.82 and 97.36% in in Dmrl compared to 98.85 and 98.66% in Dconv, respectively. For 3 fractions in another patient appearing gas-pockets resulted in significant over-dosage of the CTV. In these fractions the V107 was 1.88–2.68% in Dmrl compared to 0.33–1.27% in Dconv. In the bowel area the dose changes attributable to the ERE were approximately ± 5% in 1cc, at low dose levels. Conclusion: We were able to calculate acceptable treatment plans with and without a magnetic field. The ERE was present in the Dmrl, but the volumetric effect within the CTV was limited. Outside the CTV relative dose differences were similar, but on small volumes at lower, less relevant dose levels. This suggests that there is no clinical relevant ERE on dose distributions in rectal cancer patients on a 1.5T MR-Linac.

  20. IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

    1997-02-01

    This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

  1. The criteria of fracture in the case of the leak of pressure vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habil; Ziliukas, A.

    1997-04-01

    In order to forecast the break of the high pressure vessels and the network of pipes in a nuclear reactor, according to the concept of leak before break of pressure vessels, it is necessary to analyze the conditions of project, production, and mounting quality as well as of exploitation. It is also necessary to evaluate the process of break by the help of the fracture criteria. In the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant of, in Lithuania, the most important objects of investigation are: the highest pressure pipes, made of Japanese steel 19MN5 and having an anticorrosive austenitic: coal inside, the pipes of distribution, which arc made of 08X1810T steel. The steel of the network of pipes has a quality of plasticity: therefore the only criteria of fragile is impossible to apply to. The process of break would be best described by the universal criteria of elastic - plastic fracture. For this purpose the author offers the criterion of the double parameter.

  2. The new multimedia educational technologies, used in open and distance learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penteliuc-Cotosman, Dieter

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews and refers to the latest telematics technology that has turned the open system learning and helped it to become an institutional alternative to the face-to-face traditional one. Most technologies, briefly presented here, will be implemented in the "ARTeFACt" project - telematic system for vocational education system of open system learning, system which will be officially launched at the end of 2006, in the institutional offer of the Faculty of Arts of the University West of Timisoara. The scientific coordination of the doctoral project "ARTeFACt" is done by Mr. Prof. Dr. Eng. Savi G. George, representing the Department of Mechatronics Faculty of Mechanical Engineering from the University "Politehnica" of Timisoara, Romania

  3. Technical Aspects Regarding the Management of Radioactive Waste from Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dragolici, F.; Turcanu, C. N.; Rotarescu, G.; Paunica, I.

    2003-02-25

    The proper application of the nuclear techniques and technologies in Romania started in 1957, once with the commissioning of the Research Reactor VVR-S from IFIN-HH-Magurele. During the last 45 years, appear thousands of nuclear application units with extremely diverse profiles (research, biology, medicine, education, agriculture, transport, all types of industry) which used different nuclear facilities containing radioactive sources and generating a great variety of radioactive waste during the decommissioning after the operation lifetime is accomplished. A new aspect appears by the planning of VVR-S Research Reactor decommissioning which will be a new source of radioactive waste generated by decontamination, disassembling and demolition activities. By construction and exploitation of the Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant (STDR)--Magurele and the National Repository for Low and Intermediate Radioactive Waste (DNDR)--Baita, Bihor county, in Romania was solved the management of radioactive wastes arising from operation and decommissioning of small nuclear facilities, being assured the protection of the people and environment. The present paper makes a review of the present technical status of the Romanian waste management facilities, especially raising on treatment capabilities of ''problem'' wastes such as Ra-266, Pu-238, Am-241 Co-60, Co-57, Sr-90, Cs-137 sealed sources from industrial, research and medical applications. Also, contain a preliminary estimation of quantities and types of wastes, which would result during the decommissioning project of the VVR-S Research Reactor from IFIN-HH giving attention to some special category of wastes like aluminum, graphite and equipment, components and structures that became radioactive through neutron activation. After analyzing the technical and scientific potential of STDR and DNDR to handle big amounts of wastes resulting from the decommissioning of VVR-S Research Reactor and small nuclear facilities, the necessity of up-gradation of these nuclear objectives before starting the decommissioning plan is revealed. A short presentation of the up-grading needs is also presented.

  4. Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poskas, P.; Kilda, R.; Poskas, G.

    2008-07-01

    There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

  5. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  6. Was Lepenski Vir an ancient Sun or Pleiades observatory?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pankovic, Vladan; Krmar, Miodrag

    2015-01-01

    In this work we consider some old hypotheses according to which remarkable mesolithic village Lepenski Vir (9500 -- 5500 BC) at the right (nearly west) Danube riverside in the Iron gate in Serbia was an ancient (one of the oldest) Sun observatory. We use method recently suggested by A. C. Sparavigna, concretely we use "freely available software" or local Sun radiation direction simulation computer programs. In this way we obtain and discuss pictures of the sunrise in the Lepenski Vir during winter and summer solstice and spring and autumn equinox in relation to position of the mountains, especially Treskavac (Trescovat) and Kukuvija at left (nearly east) Danube riverside (in Romania). While mountain Kukuvija represents really the marker for the Sun in date of the winter solstice, mountain Treskavac, in despite to usual opinions, does not represent a real marker for the Sun in date of the summer solstice. Sun rises behind Treskavac, roughly speaking, between 22.April and 1. May. It corresponds to year period w...

  7. Calibration facility for environment dosimetry instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bercea, Sorin; Celarel, Aurelia; Cenusa, Constantin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului St, Magurele, Jud Ilfov, P.O.B. MG-6, RO-077125 (Romania)

    2013-12-16

    In the last ten years, the nuclear activities, as well as the major nuclear events (see Fukushima accident) had an increasing impact on the environment, merely by contamination with radioactive materials. The most conferment way to quickly identify the presence of some radioactive elements in the environment, is to measure the dose-equivalent rate H. In this situation, information concerning the values of H due only to the natural radiation background must exist. Usually, the values of H due to the natural radiation background, are very low (?10{sup ?9} - 10{sup ?8} Sv/h). A correct measurement of H in this range involve a performing calibration of the measuring instruments in the measuring range corresponding to the natural radiation background lead to important problems due to the presence of the natural background itself the best way to overlap this difficulty is to set up the calibration stand in an area with very low natural radiation background. In Romania, we identified an area with such special conditions at 200 m dept, in a salt mine. This paper deals with the necessary requirements for such a calibration facility, as well as with the calibration stand itself. The paper includes also, a description of the calibration stand (and images) as well as the radiological and metrological parameters. This calibration facilities for environment dosimetry is one of the few laboratories in this field in Europe.

  8. U.S. Department of Energy Program of International Technical Cooperation for Research Reactor Utilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chong, D.; Manning, M.; Ellis, R.; Apt, K.; Flaim, S.; Sylvester, K.

    2004-10-03

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has initiated collaborations with the national nuclear authorities of Egypt, Peru, and Romania for the purpose of advancing the commercial potential and utilization of their respective research reactors. Under its Office of International Safeguards ''Sister Laboratory'' program, DOE/NNSA has undertaken numerous technical collaborations over the past decade intended to promote peaceful applications of nuclear technology. Among these has been technical assistance in research reactor applications, such as neutron activation analysis, nuclear analysis, reactor physics, and medical radioisotope production. The current collaborations are intended to provide the subject countries with a methodology for greater commercialization of research reactor products and services. Our primary goal is the transfer of knowledge, both in administrative and technical issues, needed for the establishment of an effective business plan and utilization strategy for the continued operation of the countries' research reactors. Technical consultation, cooperation, and the information transfer provided are related to: identification, evaluation, and assessment of current research reactor capabilities for products and services; identification of opportunities for technical upgrades for new or expanded products and services; advice and consultation on research reactor upgrades and technical modifications; characterization of markets for reactor products and services; identification of competition and estimation of potential for market penetration; integration of technical constraints; estimation of cash flow streams; and case studies.

  9. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  10. Short-Period Waves That Heat the Corona Detected at the 1999 Eclipse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay M. Pasachoff; Bryce A. Babcock; Kevin D. Russell; Daniel B. Seaton

    2002-02-12

    As a part of a study of the cause of solar coronal heating, we searched for high-frequency (~1 Hz) intensity oscillations in coronal loops in the [Fe XIV] coronal green line. We summarize results from observations made at the 11 August 1999 total solar eclipse from Ramnicu-Valcea, Romania, through clear skies. We discuss the image reduction and analysis through two simultaneous series of coronal CCD images digitized at 10 Hz for a total time of about 140 s. One series of images was taken through a 3.6 A filter isolating the 5303 A [Fe XIV] coronal green line and the other through a 100 A filter in the nearby K-corona continuum. Previous observations, described in Pasachoff et al. (2000), showed no evidence for oscillations in the [Fe XIV] green line at a level great than 2% of coronal intensity. We describe several improvements made over the 1998 eclipse that led to increased image clarity and sensitivity. The corona was brighter in 1999 with the solar maximum, further improving the data. We use Fourier analysis to search in the [Fe XIV] channel for intensity oscillations in loops at the base of the corona. Such oscillations in the 1-Hz range are predicted as a result of density fluctuations from the resonant absorption of MHD waves. The dissipation of a significant amount of mechanical energy from the photosphere into the corona through this mechanism could provide sufficient energy to hear the corona. A Monte-Carlo model of the data suggests the presence of enhanced power, particularly in the 0.75-1.0 Hz range, and we conclude that MHD waves remain a viable method for coronal heating.

  11. Cooperative monitoring of regional security agreements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pregenzer, A.L.; Vannoni, M.; Biringer, K.L.

    1995-08-01

    This paper argues that cooperative monitoring plays a critical role in the implementation of regional security agreements and confidence building measures. A framework for developing cooperative monitoring options is proposed and several possibilities for relating bilateral and regional monitoring systems to international monitoring systems are discussed. Three bilateral or regional agreements are analyzed briefly to illustrate different possibilities: (1) the demilitarization of the Sinai region between Israel and Egypt in the 1970s; (2) the 1991 quadripartite agreement for monitoring nuclear facilities among Brazil, Argentina, The Argentine-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency; and (3) a bilateral Open Skies agreement between Hungary and Romania in 1991. These examples illustrate that the relationship of regional or bilateral arms control or security agreements to international agreements depends on a number of factors: the overlap of provisions between regional and international agreements; the degree of interest in a regional agreement among the international community; efficiency in implementing the agreement; and numerous political considerations.Given the importance of regional security to the international community, regions should be encouraged to develop their own infrastructure for implementing regional arms control and other security agreements. A regional infrastructure need not preclude participation in an international regime. On the contrary, establishing regional institutions for arms control and nonproliferation could result in more proactive participation of regional parties in developing solutions for regional and international problems, thereby strengthening existing and future international regimes. Possible first steps for strengthening regional infrastructures are identified and potential technical requirements are discussed.

  12. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)

    2014-05-09

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  13. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-26

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  14. Decommissioning the Romanian Water-Cooled Water-Moderated Research Reactor: New Environmental Perspective on the Management of Radioactive Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, G.; Giumanca, R. [Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activity (RAAN), Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Objectives (SITON), 111 Atomistilor St., Bucuresti-Magurele, Ilfov (Romania)

    2006-07-01

    Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies were performed for decommissioning of the water-cooled water-moderated research reactor (WWER) located in Bucharest - Magurele, Romania. Using these studies as a starting point, the preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as for the rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and for the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and ecological reconstruction of the grounds need to be provided for, in accordance with national and international regulations. In accordance with IAEA recommendations at the time, the pre-feasibility study proposed three stages of decommissioning. However, since then new ideas have surfaced with regard to decommissioning. Thus, taking into account the current IAEA ideology, the feasibility study proposes that decommissioning of the WWER be done in one stage to an unrestricted clearance level of the reactor building in an Immediate Dismantling option. Different options and the corresponding derived preferred option for waste management are discussed taking into account safety measures, but also considering technical, logistical and economic factors. For this purpose, possible types of waste created during each decommissioning stage are reviewed. An approximate inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the recommended international basic safety standards identified in the previous phase of the project. The existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant (RWTP) from the Horia Hulubei Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering (IFIN-HH), which has been in service with no significant upgrade since 1974, will need refurbishing due to deterioration, as well as upgrading in order to ensure the plant complies with current safety standards. This plant will also need to be adapted to treat wastes generated by WWER dismantling. The Baita-Bihor National Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility consists of two galleries in an abandoned uranium mine located in the central-western part of the Bihor Mountains in Transylvania. The galleries lie at a depth of 840 m. The facility requires a considerable overhaul. Several steps recommended for the upgrade of the facility are explored. Environmental concerns have lately become a crucial part of the radioactive waste management strategy. As such, all decisions must be made with great regard for land utilization around nuclear objectives. (authors)

  15. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 84

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, Daniel; Bostan, Melih; Erturk, Sefa; Fadil, Manssour; Galan, Monica; Juutinen, Sakari; Kibedi, Tibor; Kondev, Filip; Luca, Aurelian; Negret, Alexandru; Nica, Ninel; Pfeiffer, Bernd; Singh, Balraj; Sonzogni, Alejandro; Timar, Janos; Tuli, Jagdish; Venkova, Tsanka; Zuber, Kazimierz

    2009-11-15

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.

  16. Nuclear data sheets for A=84.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, D.; Bostan, M.; Erturk, S.; Fadil, M.; Galan, M; Juutinen, S.; Luca, A.; Negret, A.; Nica, N.; Pfeiffer, B.; Singh, B.; Sonzogni, A.; Timar, J.; Tuli, J.; Venkova, T.; Zuber, K.; Kondev, F.; Nuclear Engineering Division; IAEA, Austria; Istanbul Univ.; Nigde Univ.; GANIL, France; CIEMAT, Spain; Univ. Jyvaskyla; ANU, Austrialia; IFIN-HH, Romania; Texas A&M; GSI, Germany; McMaster,Canada; NNDC; ATOMKI, Hungary; INRNE, Bulgaria; IFJ-PAN, Poland

    2009-01-01

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.

  17. Nuclear Data Sheets A = 84

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, D.; Sonzogni, A.; Bostan,M. Erturk,S.; Fadi,M.; Galan,M.; Juutinen,S.; Kibed,T.; Kondev,F.; Luca,A.; Negret,A.; Nica,N.; Pfeiffer,B.; Singh.B.; Sonzogni,A.; Timar,J.; Tuli,J.; Venkova,T.; Zuber,K.

    2009-11-01

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.