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1

Monaco: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

up":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Monaco Population 35,352 GDP 5,424,000,000 Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code MC 3-letter ISO...

2

Forest Products Marketing -LITHUANIA Market Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Products Marketing - LITHUANIA Market Information Systems ­ principles and practice Experience from Lithuania Presentation by: Dr. A. Gaizutis Marketing department of Vilnius University Chairman, Forest Owners Association of LITHUANIA Workshop:" Forest Products Marketing - from principles

3

Illustrative ElectricitySupply Scenarios and Sustainable Development in Lithuania.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Lithuania has limited domestic energy resources, and is therefore, heavily dependent on imports of oil products and natural gas. Lithuania imported around 90% of… (more)

Blazeviciute, Lina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems of nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania are presented in the paper. The support provided through bilateral cooperation projects was very important for Lithuania. The main projects implemented in the last 14 years are described in this paper. Lithuania joined INIS (International Nuclear Information System) in 1994 and established its own INIS national centre in the premises of the Ministry of Economy. To educate the public about the processes going on in Ignalina NPP, the information centre of Ignalina NPP was founded. Nuclear and nuclear related education in Lithuania is provided in the Kaunas Technological University.

Renata Karaliute

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Corporate response to emissions trading in Lithuania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article highlights the preconditions for emissions trading in Lithuania, identifies the factors that influence ... competitive advantage via participation in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ET...

R?ta Bubnien?

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Monaco-A domain-specific language solution for reactive process control programming with hierarchical components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present Monaco - a domain-specific language for developing event-based, reactive process control programs - and its visual interactive programming environment. The main purpose of the language is to bring process control programming ... Keywords: Automation control, Component-based systems, Domain-specific languages, Reactive programming

Herbert Prähofer; Roland Schatz; Christian Wirth; Dominik Hurnaus; Hanspeter Mössenböck

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Tornadoes in Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first tornado climatology for Romania is presented based on datasets attained from three periods during 1822 and 2013. The historical period (1822–1944) contains 33 tornado reports originating from historical newspapers archives and ...

Bogdan Antonescu; Aurora Bell

8

Romania HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Plan Romania HEU Removal Romania HEU Removal Location Romania United States 45 47' 1.932" N, 24 41' 50.1576" E See map: Google Maps Javascript is required to view this map....

9

Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Lithuania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56,"lon":24,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania by Oana Diaconu Department of Economics and Management-11 Abstract: Romania is a net exporter of electricity to the SE Europe region. Its performance of this role for international transmission. Romania has committed itself to an electricity restructuring plan that includes

Feigon, Brooke

11

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Lithuania  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Lithuania. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

12

Romania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania: Energy Resources Romania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

Energy conservation policy in Lithuania: experiences and problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At present, Lithuania is facing many fundamental transformations in the energy sector and in the whole economy. The rational and efficient use of all energy carriers in all stages of the energy sector is a permanent objective of the Lithuanian energy policy. Energy conservation can be understood as improved energy efficiency and as a new additional energy source. In particular, large energy saving potential exists in the demand side because consumers over decades were accustomed to cheap energy. However, changes require considerable investments in all sectors of economy and it is impossible to do it under circumstances of a general economic crisis without help from the international community and banking systems. The paper describes the current situation in the Lithuanian energy sector, and provides an analysis of the main problems in the energy conservation policy as well as tendencies of energy demand (by branches of the economy and by energy carriers) and energy intensity. The paper aims to analyse the essential implications of energy efficiency in transition from a centrally planned to a free market economy.

Viktoras Valentukevicius; Vaclovas Miskinis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Tritium laboratory with multiple purposes at NIPNE Magurele Romania  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tritium Laboratory from NIPNE (Romania)) is part of Radioisotope Research and Production Center. The Tritium Laboratory has been in operation since 1960, and carries out R and D activities involving tritium sources in gaseous, liquids and solid state, provides specialized service to CANDU NPP Cernavoda (Romania)), and provides tritium assay services to internal and external customers. The paper presents the activities and perspectives of Tritium Laboratory and its performances in accordance with Quality System Management. (authors)

Matei, L.; Postolache, C. [Horia Hulubei, National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering NIPNE, 407 Atomistilor street, 077125 Magurele Ilfov (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Late-Glacial and Holocene forest dynamics at Steregoiu in the Gutaiului Mountains, Northwest Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Romania Leif Bjo«rkman a;� , Angelica Feurdean b , Barbara Wohlfarth a;1 a Department of Geology, Department of Mineralogy, Babes^Bolyai University, Kogalniceanu 1, 3400 Cluj, Romania Received 3 October 2001 Mountains in NW Romania in order to provide a detailed reconstruction of the vegetational development

Wohlfarth, Barbara

16

Informal payments for health care services: The case of Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes patterns of tips, gifts and bribes paid by patients for health care services. Informal payments are more prevalent in developing and transition countries because the economic and socio-cultural environment is more conducive to “gifts”-exchange as a means to maintain the underfunded health care system. Moreover, most Eastern European countries have experienced wider socio-political reforms, which have also affected health care service provision and have led to a greater reliance on informal patient payments in the access and quality assurance of health care services. This study provides evidence on public attitudes and recent experiences with informal patient payments in post-Soviet and post-communist countries, namely in Lithuania, Ukraine and Poland. The empirical results suggest a lower share of informal patient payments as well as a prevalence of more negative attitudes towards informal patient payments in Poland compared to Lithuania and Ukraine. Informal payments are more common and more expensive for in-patient health care services in contrast to out-patient ones in all countries. Still, in post-Soviet Lithuania and Ukraine informal patient payments co-exist with other types of patient payments such as quasi-formal patient payments. When clear regulation of the basic package and formal patient charges is lacking, patients experience a mixture of payment obligations. About three quarters of the respondents support the statement that informal patient payments should be eradicated. It is proposed therefore that governments of the countries should meet public expectations and implement a strategy to deal with informal patient payments. In all three countries, informal patient payments (both “bribes and fees”) are a symptom of system failure and provide a means for patients to obtain the health care they desire, which the government is not able to guarantee. Suitable regulations coupled with (dis)incentives may decrease the level of informal payments for health care provision.

Tetiana Stepurko; Milena Pavlova; Irena Gryga; Liubove Murauskiene; Wim Groot

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Slovenka... Monaco Mongolia...

18

The prospects of energy forestry and agro-residues in the Lithuania's domestic energy supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent restructuring of the European agricultural sector should reduce the volume of traditional agricultural production dramatically and withdraw huge areas of arable land from turnover. As a result there is a great potential in breeding short rotation forestry (SRF) and short rotation coppice (SRC) plantations in uncultivated land of good agrarian condition. Lithuania (LIT) has a great potential for expanding local biofuel market and reap the derivative effects in relation to energy and environment on faster growing biomass like SRF, SRC and straw. Energy forestry and agro-residues lessen the environmental impact connected to energy production and consumption and contribute to meeting Lithuania's international obligations for the discharge of greenhouse gasses (CO2, CH4, N2O), sustainability and biodiversity. This review contains practical information on the experience acquired by establishing SRF plantations in LIT as well as utilisation of energy forestry and agro-residues for heat and power. The paper details cultivation and harvesting of SRF, rationality of production, types and applications of industrial combustion systems. It was carefully compiled on the basis of available literature sources, national information and experiences and suggestions from local farmers. Other important issues, including support and incentive mechanisms as well as examples of successful implementation, are also discussed.

Laurencas Raslavi?ius; Vytautas Ku?inskas; Algirdas Jasinskas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Comparison of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage costs in Lithuania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear power and carbon capture and storage (CCS) are key greenhouse gas mitigation options under consideration across the world. Both technologies imply long-term waste management challenge. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nuclear waste has much in common, and valuable lessons can be learnt from a comparison. Seeking to compare these technologies economic, social and environmental criteria need to be selected and expressed in terms of indicators. Very important issue is costs and economics of geological storage of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste. The costs of storage are one of the main indicators for assessment of technologies in terms of economic criteria. The paper defines the costs of the geological storage of CO2 and nuclear waste in Lithuania, drawing also on insights from other parts of the world. The costs of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage are evaluated in UScnt/kWh and compared. The paper critically compares the characteristics and location of the both sources of and storage options for CO2 and nuclear waste in Lithuania. It discusses the main costs categories for carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage. The full range of potential geological storage options is considered and the most reliable options for carbon dioxide and nuclear waste are selected for the comparative costs assessment.

Dalia Streimikiene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

22

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

23

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

24

The new, the old, the modern : architecture and its representation in socialist Romania, 1955-1965  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation examines how the architectural culture of postwar Romania participated in the socialist regime's attempt to construct a new and collectivist environment. The dissertation works from a close reading of ...

Maxim, Juliana, 1970-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Towards a hydrogen economy in Romania: Statistics, technical and scientific general aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present work features an analysis of the current state of Romania's current policy in the context of hydrogen economy. The possibilities and limitations concerning the transition towards the hydrogen economy in Romania are discussed taking into account a number of aspects, including: the degree of development of the electric power infrastructure, aspects from petrochemical and agrochemical industry, transport infrastructure, socioeconomic development indicators, activity and dynamics of the scientific community and attitude of central authorities. All these are important aspects that contribute to technology deployment. The article presents both advantages and disadvantages from Romania, provides concrete examples, gives information, makes comparisons and provides recommendations, taking into account national aspects. Key areas of promise for hydrogen technologies in Romania are identified. The paper concludes with recommendations for actions in order to begin the process of transition towards a hydrogen economy. The idea is that in the case of the transition towards the hydrogen economy, it is not important who took the start first but also how to use own resources optimally to turn them into advantages and achieve the proposed targets. After a general introduction, the article begins to examine the current energy system and socioeconomic development indicators in Romania. The next part of article analyzes the specific problems related to introduction of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in Romania.

Ioan Iordache; Adrian V. Gheorghe; Mihaela Iordache

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

27

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to nuclear power, including: Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Slovenia, and...

28

U.S. Energy Secretary Highlights Need for Energy Diversity at...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine in efforts to address...

29

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

30

U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

the GNEP Statement of Principles, along with Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in...

31

POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 -JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response Resources in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 - JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response, IEEE, Abstract--The use of demand-side resources, in general, and demand response resources (DRRs concerns. Integration of demand response resources in the competitive electricity markets impacts resource

Gross, George

32

RADON AND RADIUM CONCENTRATION IN WATER FROM NORTH-WEST OF ROMANIA AND THE ESTIMATED DOSES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......524 Bq l1 with the average of 0.085 Bq l1...population during the consumption of water. Table-2 shows that the average of committed effective...expected doses from the consumption of water in Romania...Assessment for Radon in Homes and Workplaces...International Atomic Energy Agency. International......

M. Moldovan; V. Benea; D. C. Ni??; B. Papp; B. D. Burghele; N. Bican-Bri?an; C. Cosma

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Poverty and income growth: measuring pro-poor growth in the case of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper attempts to examine the extent to which income growth was beneficial to poverty reduction in Romania between the years 2000 and 2007. We build income growth incidence curves, both in absolute and relative terms, on the basis of mean individual ... Keywords: economic growth, growth incidence curve, income, inequality, poverty, pro-poor growth

Eva Militaru; Cristina Stroe

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Pollen record and integrated high-resolution chronology of the early Pliocene Dacic Basin (southwestern Romania)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the regional lignite stratigraphy, records of large and small mammals, large climatic fluctuations according kyrs eccentricity cycles are clearly identified. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Pliocene; Lignite; Pollen; Magnetostratigraphy; Cyclostratigraphy; Romania 1. Introduction The western part

Utrecht, Universiteit

35

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA) Petrescu L. 1 , Bilal E. 2 , Iatan L.E. 1 1 University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geology et Geophysics, Department methods were used to evaluate the impact of uranium mine dumps on the stream sedi- ments from Crucea

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

From promise to peril: the evolution of antisemitic legislation in Romania during the second half of the nineteenth century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This antisemitism manifested itself in a complex web of legislation that prevented Jews living in Romania from obtaining political and civil rights as well as economic and educational opportunities....

Gross, Mary Terese

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Earlier this month, Edward McGinnis, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation, traveled to Bucharest, Romania to take part in the International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings. Mr. McGinnis serves as Chair of the IFNEC Steering Group. The Expert meetings were broken down into three meetings 1) Reliable Nuclear Fuel Services Working Group (RNFSWG), 2) Infrastructure Development Working Group (IDWG) meeting and 3) an IFNEC Steering Group meeting.

38

Energy efficiency promotion under the conditions of Romania's transition towards a market economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Romania during the socialist economy model, industry was conducted by political decisions and not by performance criteria. The national economy's energy intensity was at a high level. State support of development in the energy field has given a false picture in most state industry enterprises. At the beginning of the new era in Romania - competitive market transition - the concept of an increase in energy efficiency by single free market rules was accepted by our economists. This theory has not been translated into the real situation. Due to the economic crisis, internal demand is decreasing. Energy intensity is still at a high level (1.2 tep/k$ GNP in primary demand and 0.9tep/k$ GNP in final demand). In recession conditions, the state was unable to support a coherent energy efficiency governmental program. EU support (PHARE, SYNERGY, THERMIE, etc.) was partial. It is necessary for the state to lead in energy efficiency, if, in Romania, the energy efficiency market has a low profile.

Vasile Rugina

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Management of the Radioactive Waste Generated by Cernavoda NPP, Romania, an Example of International Cooperation - 13449  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design criteria and constraints for the development of the management strategy for radioactive waste generated from operating and decommissioning of CANDU Nuclear Units from Cernavoda NPP in Romania, present many specific aspects. The main characteristics of CANDU type waste are its high concentrations of tritium and radiocarbon. Also, the existing management strategy for radioactive waste at Cernavoda NPP provides no treatment or conditioning for radioactive waste disposal. These characteristics embodied a challenging effort, in order to select a proper strategy for radioactive waste management at present, when Romania is an EU member and a signatory country of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The helping of advanced countries in radioactive waste management, directly or into the frame of the international organizations, like IAEA, become solve the aforementioned challenges at adequate level. (authors)

Barariu, Gheorghe [National Authority for Nuclear Activities - Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects - SITON, 409 Atomistilor Str., P.O. Box 5204, Mg4, Magurele (Romania)] [National Authority for Nuclear Activities - Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects - SITON, 409 Atomistilor Str., P.O. Box 5204, Mg4, Magurele (Romania)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Arguments Pro and Against Shale Gas Exploitation Worldwide and in Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Shale gas emerges as a new and important source of energy for the post - industrial world. It is assumed that countries that have considerable shale deposits will be better placed in the 21st century competition between states. The United States have one of biggest deposits of shale gas, underscores a domestic production “boom” and is on the verge of becoming a gas exporter in Western Europe. The United States still has few capabilities to export shale gas to Europe. It would have to build new liquefaction facilities to do that. On the other side, Russia is, for the moment, the energy giant of Europe, its massive exports of natural gas to the area, acting as a powerful political leverage especially on the eastern and central European space. But in Europe, at least 10 countries are believed to hold significant shale gas reserves; among them, Romania is assumed to have huge unconventional gas reserves, whose exploitation could ensure its medium-term energy independence, and combined with newly discovered gas in the Black Sea, and energy efficiency improvement measures, provide not only the energy independence but transform Romania into a regional power pole. The interesting fact is how each country in Europe, will choose to convert resources in shale gas reserves and to exploit them to the benefit of the economy, the society and the environment. Besides some clear positive effects (decreasing energy imports, creating a stronger negotiating position against external (fossil fuel) suppliers and diversifying Europe's energy mix) will shale gas extraction succeed to decrease gas bill for population, by reducing prices, or will it stick only to royalties and fees collection, as well as with some local social and economic effects, with the consequence of prolonged pollution or even potentially devastating effects on the environment? In order that gas-gas competition begins to act effectively and exert a strong competitive pressure on gas import prices in Europe (by changing their base and weaken the link with oil prices, up to a possible decoupling of it) it is necessary that Europe will benefit from a big inflow of gas supplies, shale gas included, from different sources than

Mariana Papatulica

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Microsoft PowerPoint - GNEP PARTNERS CANDIDATE PARTNERS AND OBSERVERS...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

16, 2007) 1. Australia 2. Bulgaria 3. China 4. France 5. Ghana 6. Hungary 7. Japan 8. Jordan 9. Kazakhstan 10. Lithuania 11. Poland 12. Romania 13. Russia 14. Slovenia 15. Ukraine...

42

ENER Forum 5. Technological change, market reform and climate policies. Bucharest, Romania, 16-17 October 2003 EurEnDel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENER Forum 5. Technological change, market reform and climate policies. Bucharest, Romania, 16 and communication processes in foresight exercises fulfils several functions: - It is a collective and consultative, Communication about so- cietal needs and S&T opportunities, and Commitment to the implementation of the policies

43

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

44

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

45

Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

Boyle, Terrence Michael

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy #12;28 European countries signed association EURaToM ­ University of latvia LATVIA lithuanian Energy Institute LITHUANIA Ministry of Education and Research ROMANIA Ministry of Education, science, culture and sport SLOVENIA centro de Investigaciones

47

The European tobacco control report 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands Republic of Moldova The European tobacco control report 2007 pagepage 9 Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Moldova, Netherlands,Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia The European tobacco control report 2007 page

World Health Organization

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Recommendations for ICT use in Alzheimer's Disease assessment: Monaco CTAD expert meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and NeuroSciences, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands 15 Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford systems within the aging population. It is therefore important to develop better instruments for assessing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

Zonta Area 03 Liguria, Piemonte, Principato di Monaco, Valle d'Aosta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'ambito delle Scienze Fisiche (settori scientifico-disciplinari FIS/01, FIS/02, FIS/03, FIS/04, FIS/06, FIS/07'ambito delle Scienze Fisiche (settori scientifico- disciplinari FIS/01, FIS/02, F

Genova, UniversitĂ  degli Studi di

50

Newsletter Signup Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

51

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - antaviliai eastern lithuania Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Glasgow Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 94 Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Summary: of biofuels for the transport sector in...

53

Romania - 30 years of experience in in situ combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Starting with 1963, simultaneous pilot and semi-commercial steam flooding and in situ combustion tests were carried out at Suplacu de Barcau heavy oil field (16{degrees} API). The performance of in situ combustion was by far better and as a result, the entire reservoir was designed to produce by this method, by abandoning the {open_quotes}patterns{close_quotes} concept and introducing the {open_quotes}continuous front{close_quotes} concept. Under primary production, the ultimate recovery factor would have been 9.2%, while an ultimate recovery factor of at least 50% is expected by in situ combustion. In situ combustion was applied on three other major reservoirs: Balaria in 1975, East Videle in 1979, and West Videle in 1980. For those reservoirs, as compared to the average ultimate recovery of about 10% under primary production, an average ultimate recovery of at least 35% is expected by in situ combustion. From an important amount of technological studies and site operations, this paper selects and presents comments and remarks related to the strategy of the field development, the {open_quotes}continuous front{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}patterns{close_quotes} system, production monitoring, difficulties encountered, etc. In situ combustion is economically advantageous if the reservoir is carefully selected and the applied technology is of an adequate quality and suitable for the respective reservoir.

Machedon, V.; Popescu, T.; Paduraru, R. [Research and Design Institute for Oil and Gas, Cimpina (Romania)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Sustainable Development through Entrepreneurial Initiatives in Center Region, Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Abstract: Sustainable development is one of the future directions of economic evolution for each member state of the European Union. In order to reduce the development gap between Romanian economy and the European average, our country has to support the entrepreneurial initiatives at regional level, respecting and sustaining the specific situation of each region. Education has an important role in sustaining entrepreneurship. In this paper is presented the starting point of a future research among graduated students, which is aiming to present the dimension of the entrepreneurial education: entrepreneurial competences, entrepreneurial intentions, individual employability and the impact on the society and economy. The authors of this paper will present a small research developed in “1 Decembrie 1918” University of Alba Iulia in order to determine the graduated students’ motivation for choosing entrepreneurship. This research has to be seen in the framework of the cooperation between university and business environment, so that the graduated students could be integrated in the regional business environment.

Ionela Gavrila-Paven; Emilian M. Dobrescu; Edith-Mihaela Dobre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

56

Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Jump to: navigation, search Name Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Agency/Company /Organization European Union Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smart Country Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Southern Europe, Western Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe

57

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

58

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

59

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members September 16, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis Nations Sign On to International Cooperation for Safe Expansion of Nuclear Energy Worldwide VIENNA, AUSTRIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and senior international officials from 16 nations today agreed to increase international nuclear energy cooperation through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine signed a "Statement of Principles", which addresses the prospects of expanding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including enhanced

60

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

62

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

63

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

64

Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to revisit the Granger causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth for 15 transition economies for the period 1975–2010 using a bootstrap panel causality approach that allows for both cross-sectional dependency and for heterogeneity across countries. Applying this approach, we found a unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to economic growth only in Belarus and Bulgaria; from economic growth to electricity consumption in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and the Russian Federation; bidirectional causality only in Ukraine while no Granger causality in any direction in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. These results show that there is a limited support for the electricity-led growth hypothesis. Nevertheless these different findings provide important implications for energy strategies and policies for transition countries.

Yemane Wolde-Rufael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

66

Lesson 7a: Continents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Afrika Kusini [South Africa] Poland [Poland] Ukraine [Ukraine] Romania [Romania] Iraq [Iraq] Burundi

67

Radiation exposure received by the medical radiation workers in Lithuania at The Institute of Oncology, Vilnius University, 2004–2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......non-parametric tests were used. The Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the effective doses among...Mann-Whitney test was used to compare two groups and the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare three or more groups. The value......

Vitalija Samerdokiene; Vydmantas Atkocius; Renata Ofomala

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Levels of magnesium compounds of different solubility in predominant soil types in Lithuania, effects on agricultural plants.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Europe the views on the demand of magnesium by agricultural plants as well as on the need for magnesium fertilization are different. In European… (more)

Rutkauskien?, Rasa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

1/07/2011 1/07/2011 Afghanistan 69 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 102  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sri Lanka 37 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 77 Suisse 102 Moldavie 76 Suriname 46 Monaco 102 Swaziland

Cerf, Nicolas

70

RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 Afghanistan 72 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexique 105 Sri Lanka 38 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 80 Suisse 105 Moldavie 79 Suriname 48 Monaco 105

Cerf, Nicolas

71

PRAVDI&, V. Surface charge characterization of sea sediments ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atomic Energy Agency, Monaco, who sup- plied all the ... tain the electrical neutrality of the system. These ions are ... the external electrical circuit that measures.

Orcas

2000-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sandia National Laboratories: Wind and Water Materials and Structures...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Northern Mariana Islands Oman...

73

Cofiring: technological option in Romania for promoting cleaner fossil fuels usage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Co-firing refers to the simultaneous or alternative utilisation of two or more fuels in a combustion unit for the purpose of heat/power generation and it… (more)

Marin, Bogdan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

RAW MATERIALS USED FOR THE PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA -NEW RADIOMETRIC DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of phosphate fertilizer produced by sulfuric acid attack and the nature of phosphogypsum of sedimentary origin, rarely of igneous origin and exceptionally of metamorphic origin. Sedimentary phosphates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Balkan Region Conference on Engineering Education 2005 LBUS Sibiu, Romania, 12 -15 September, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

use of e-learning in the wider training scheme. It is not sufficient to give SMEs the technology Enterprises emphasising that the technology and the content are not sufficient to implement successful e. Therefore, the basic approach to learning, which integrates Information and Communication Technologies (ICT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

76

Institutional arrangements and land reallocation during transition : a regional analysis of small farms in Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My dissertation examines an unexpected outcome of post-socialist agricultural transformation in the Central and Eastern European countries. Contrary to the initial expectations of Neoliberal transition policy-makers, various ...

Vidican Sgouridis, Georgeta

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

On Coalgebras over Algebras Department of Mathematics II, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

submitted to Elsevier March 17, 2011 #12;([1], [2]), in the sense that the completion procedure works

Priestley, Hilary

78

Assessment of Wind Energy Resources in Communities. Case Study: Brasov, Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The implementation of small wind turbines at community level is limited by the accurate data on wind resource, due to the influence of the ... important in order to capture the maximum available wind energy, insu...

Radu S?ulescu; Oliver Climescu…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Accepted for publication in Energy Policy (February 2009). Environmental climate instruments in Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are too modest to significantly impact this system. The abatement cost per unit of GDP is higher under1 Accepted for publication in Energy Policy (February 2009). Environmental climate instruments the CO2 abatement costs because of energy rebound effects from enhanced growth. Results under endogenous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Accepted for publication in Climate Policy (Septembre 2008) Quotas allocation rules in Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hydroelectricity). (2) Including all sectors in the trade creates a more flexible market than in the ETS, since

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ecological Solutions of Contaminated Environment Remediation from Uranium Mining Activities in Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of constructed wetland for bioremediation purpose in Romanian uranium mining industry could be an innovative solution that complies with the social, economic and environmental context.

Nicoleta Groza

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

An aberrant island-dwelling theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in Dinosaur Eggs and Babies , Late Maastrichtian dinosaur...climbing crampons? Biol Letters 2 : 110...balaur", as it grows wings and flies up to the...snakes) and birds (wings), a "winged reptile...Dinosaur Eggs and Babies. Cambridge University...

Zoltán Csiki; Mátyás Vremir; Stephen L. Brusatte; Mark A. Norell

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Europe  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2011 oil 2011 oil production (2) January 1, 2013 estimated proved oil reserves (3) 2013 EIA/ARI unproved shale oil technically recoverable resources (TRR) 2012 USGS conventional unproved oil TRR, including reserve growth (4) Total technically recoverable crude oil resources Europe 1,537 11,748 12,900 14,638 39,286 Bulgaria 1 15 200 Denmark 83 805 0 France 28 85 4,700 Germany 51 254 700 Netherlands 21 244 2,900 Norway 733 5,366 0 Poland 10 157 3,300 Romania 38 600 300 Spain 10 150 100 Sweden 4 - 0 United Kingdom 426 3,122 700 Former Soviet Union 4,866 118,886 77,200 114,481 310,567 Lithuania 3 12 300 Russia 5 3,737 80,000 75,800 Ukraine 29 395 1,100 North America 6,093 208,550 80,000 305,546 594,096 Canada 1,313 173,105 8,800 Mexico 1,080 10,264 13,100 United States 6 3,699 25,181 58,100 139,311 222,592 Asia and Pacific 2,866 41,422 61,000 64,362 166,784

84

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

85

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National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

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National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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93

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National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

states: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

94

A climate of change Radoslav Dimitrov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" Liechtenstein" 20-30 percent" Monaco" 20 percent" New Zealand" 10-20 percent" Norway" 30-40 percent" Carbon-45% cuts in emissions intensity" INDIA" 20-25% cuts in emissions intensity" KOREA" 30% cuts below 1990

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95

Although recollection for prior events often feels com-pelling and vivid, this richness of experience can be mis-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), taking advantage of social influences (Roediger, Meade, & Bergman, 2001), and asking people to imagine affect memory in interesting ways (Bransford & Franks, 1971; Harris & Monaco, 1978) but are not the focus

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100

Radon concentration in drinking water and supplementary exposure in Bia-tei mining area, Bihor county (Romania)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......partially of the Sectoral Operational Programme-Increase of Economic Competitiveness co-financed by the European Regional Development...Heloisa F. Radon (222Rn) concentration in indoor air near the coal mining area of Nui Beo, North of Vietnam. J. Environ. Radioact......

Mircea Moldovan; Dan Constantin Nita; Alexandra Cucos-Dinu; Tiberius Dicu; Nicoleta Bican-Brisan; Constantin Cosma

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101

Global Report International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge,  

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- lic of Palau, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, United

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102

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

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Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke Imports Exports (t) Crude Oil

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Transmission of Federal Reserve Tapering News to Emerging Financial Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Indonesia Pakistan Ukraine Czech R. Latvia LithuaniaIndia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,

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Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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Energy Savers [EERE]

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Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

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1994. “Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania:Christensen, Paul T. 1999. Russia’s Workers in Transition:Democratisation: Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FactsheetsEnglishindicators.pdf Country: Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russia, Slovakia, Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is...

109

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Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation  

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Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece,Slovak Republic -0.009 Ukraine Notes: i. The results aree.g. , Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia or

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2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The International Symposium on Numeric and Symbolic Algorithms for Scientific Computing, SYNASC, is an annual event in Timioara, Romania. It has been organized by the West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years, an international forum for presenting their research, as well as by facilitating contacts between of the symposium were the plenary talks given by a distinguished set of international researchers: James DavenportPreface The International Symposium on Numeric and Symbolic Algorithms for Scientific Computing

Watt, Stephen M.

113

Indirect NMR detection of 235U in gaseous uranium hexafluoride National Center for Physics, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest, Romania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-493 Indirect NMR detection of 235U in gaseous uranium hexafluoride I. Ursu National Center provide a method to determine the presence of 23 5U in liquid uranium hexafluoride. The first proposed on physical properties of uranium hexa- fluoride molecule in the gas phase it is possible to predict [9

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114

ISSN0249-6399ISRNINRIA/RR--8189--FR+ENG December 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iasi, Romania University of Iasi, Romania Inria Lille Nord Europe hal-00766220,version2-20Dec2012 #12 has found renewed interest in the formal methods community due to new algorithmic developments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

115

ISSN0249-6399ISRNINRIA/RR--8189--FR+ENG December 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Execution, Term Rewriting, K framework. University of Iasi, Romania University of Iasi, Romania Inria. Recently, the technique has found renewed interest in the formal-methods community due to new algorithmic

116

ISSN0249-6399ISRNINRIA/RR--8189--FR+ENG December 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Romania University of Iasi, Romania Inria Lille Nord Europe hal-00766220,version6-6Apr2014 #12;Un cadre by decision statements and loops. Recently, the technique has found renewed interest in the formal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden,...

118

Guiding Douglas-fir Seed Selection in Europe Under Changing Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany S. Germany Italy Central Europe Coastal Balkans Balkans Romania Turkey Planting Sites Spain 300 20(°C) 0.0001 0.001 0.1 1 Random forest class probability Turkey Romania Balkans Coastal Balkans Central Southern UK Scotland Norway Finland Turkey Romania Balkans Coastal Balkans Central Europe Poland Eastern

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119

Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002) 10391059 Lateglacial and early Holocene vegetation development in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development in the Gutaiului Mountains, northwestern Romania Leif Bj.orkmana, *, Angelica Feurdeanb , Kajsa-Bolyai University, Kogalniceanu 1, 3400 Cluj, Romania c (Angstr.om Laboratory, Division of Ion Physics, Box 534, S in the Gutaiului Mountains in northwestern Romania, in order to reconstruct the vegetation development during

Wohlfarth, Barbara

120

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Media and Theatre Arts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an Emphasis in Science and Natural History Film. Primary assessment contact: Walter C. Metz, InterimMSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: Media and Theatre Arts Department Head: Walter Metz Assessment Coordinator: Departmental Committee (Paul Monaco, Ian Van Coller, Phil Savoie, Tom

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121

A habitat-use model to determine essential fish habitat for juvenile brown shrimp  

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(Farfantepenaeus aztecus) in Galveston Bay, Texas Randall D. Clark John D. Christensen Mark E. Monaco Biogeography Fisheries Science Center Laboratory National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA Galveston, Texas 77550- terns of habitat use in Galveston Bay, Texas. Sixteen years of quantitative density data were used

122

Pagina 1 Curriculum Vitae di Francesco G. Cecchet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Efficacia e qualitĂ  del sistema di project management in progetti del settore Energy Renewable e Healthacare Energy Progetto di prevenzione frodi, Praga (Repubblica Ceca) analisi, implementazione e revisione del del corso rivolto agli auditor e audit manager per la "CFA University" tenutasi a Monaco di Baviera

123

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 ­ 2004 YEAR 00-01 Armstrong, R.A., F. Gilbes, R. Guerrero. Lopez, and F. Gilbes, 2000, "Apparent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Station", Ocean Optics XV, Monaco. Gilbes, F., and R.A. Armstrong, 2000, "Inherent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Series

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124

IIE Transactions (2007) 39, 314 Copyright C "IIE"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports the Second Line of Defense (SLD) program of the US Department of Energy. The smuggling of nuclear Republic, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Greece and France, and in the major- ity of the cases

Morton, David

125

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C5, supplCmentau Journal de Physique 11, Volume S,juin 1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry,Faculty of Chemistry, Vilnius University,2734 Vilnius, Lithuania Abstract. A new process temperature, the sublimation rate stronglydepends on the precursor'sfree surface inside the source: the vapour

Boyer, Edmond

126

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania: SourcesEvidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

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128

Lars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................17 6. Bio fuel usage experience from the EAES program........................... of the Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian - Swedish Wood Fuel Development Project Financed by The Swedish Energy Agency Phase II INTEGRATION OF FOREST FUEL HANDLING INTHE ORDINARY FORESTRY Studies on Forestry

129

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

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2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

130

Attivit illegali nella gestione delle risorse forestali  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CRIMES ON RENEWABLES AND ENVIRONMENT Terra Futura; Firenze, 21 maggio 2011 Organizzazione della Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti

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131

UNCORRECTED VSP 2001/04/20 Prn:5/02/2007; 11:05 {RA} F:jast2917.tex; VTeX/Rasa p. 1 (45-182)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-077125, Romania 4 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, 633 Clark Street. In addition, synthetic adhesives contain petroleum, natural gas and other non-renewable precursors. Novel

132

A Generic Framework for Symbolic Execution Andrei Arusoaie1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Computer Science, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iai, Romania andrei statements and loops. Recently, the technique has found renewed interest in the formal-methods community due

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

A study on warning algorithms for Istanbul earthquake early warning Hakan Alcik,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Region. Stress transfer studies and renewal model type probabilistic investigations indicate about 2., 1999], Romania [Wenzel et al., 1999], Southern California- USA [Allen and Kanamori, 2003], Turkey

Allen, Richard M.

134

APPLICATION OF INTERNET GIS TOOLS FOR HERITAGE MANAGEMENT: ARKAS CASE STUDY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

open society. It has to constantly renew and modernize its informational infrastructure : Romania (2006)" #12;Application of internet GIS tools for heritage management: ARKAS case study 1

135

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place: Krasnodar, Romania Zip: 350000 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures solar modules and cells. References: Solar...

136

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137

International reserves management and the current account  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St. Vincent & Gren. Sudan Suriname Swaziland Syria ThailandRomania Samoa Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Syrian ArabVincent & Grens. Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland

Aizenman, Joshua

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

in Luxembourg Information brochure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands,NewZealand,Norway,Panama,Paraguay,Peru, Poland,Portugal,Romania,theRussianFederation,Serbia,Slovakia, Slovenia,SouthAfrica,Spain,SriLanka,Surinam

van der Torre, Leon

139

2014 Chevron North Sea Limited Chevron University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation. Chevron also invests in renewables and advanced technologies. Chevron Upstream Europe (CUE, Romania and Bulgaria. The business unit employs approximately 1,000 staff and long-term contractors at its onshore locations in the UK, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and offshore in the UK

Painter, Kevin

140

Seasonal characteristics of flood regimes across the AlpineCarpathian range J. Parajka a,j,*, S. Kohnov b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorological Administration 97, Soseaua Bucuresti-Ploiesti, 013686 Bucharest, Romania e Department of Land, Bucharest, Romania g Sektion GewĂ€sserbewirtschaftung Abt. Wasser, PapiermĂŒhlestrasse 172, CH-3063 Ittigen of various hydrological processes and its spatial properties has recently attracted renewed interest

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141

Order N 2011ISAL0130 Year 2011 PhD Dissertation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Order N° 2011ISAL0130 Year 2011 PhD Dissertation Dynamical optimisation of renewable energy flux GHIAUS INSA Lyon, France Supervisor Mircea RADULESCU UT Cluj-Napoca, Romania Referee Adrian BADEA U Politehnica Bucharest, Romania Referee Stéphane PLOIX INP Grenoble, France Referee Chris UNDERWOOD University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Nonlinear Analysis 41 (2000) 10291055 Phase-space structure and regularization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results concerning this gravitational law. However, in the 1888-catalogue of the Portsmouth Collection, Astronomical Observatory Cluj-Napoca, Str. Ciresilor 19, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania c Institute for Gravitation and Space Sciences, Laboratory for Gravitation, Str. Mendeleev 21-25, Bucharest, Romania Received 13 March

Diacu, Florin

143

Open Archive TOULOUSE Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and  

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element contamination in the arms of the Danube Delta (Romania/Ukraine): Current state of knowledge and future needs. (2013) Journal of Environmental Management, 125 . pp. 169-178. ISSN 0301-4797 Any-oatao@listes-diff.inp-toulouse.fr #12;Trace element contamination in the arms of the Danube Delta (Romania/Ukraine): Current state

Mailhes, Corinne

144

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova Announces the Second Call for Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova EMP-AIM Announces the Second Call Universities from European countries, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova, which aims to build a structured by Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The project Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine

Escolano, Francisco

145

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia* Paul W. Werth. Petersburg, Russia); LVIA Lietuvos Valstybes Istorijos Archyvas (Vilnius, Lithuania). 1 Highlighting only, Converging Worlds: Religion and Community in Peasant Russia, 1861­1917 (DeKalb, IL, 2003); Valerie Kivelson

Ahmad, Sajjad

146

Published: November 23, 2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society 5201 dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp106250a |J. Phys. Chem. B 2011, 115, 52015211  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department, Faculty of Physics of Vilnius University, Sauletekio Ave. 9, build. 3, 10222 Vilnius, Lithuania excitation in solid states can be either a neutral exciton or a pair of electrons (e) and holes (h energy (Eb), defined as the energy difference between the e-h continuum and the lowest bound exciton

Fleming, Graham R.

147

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 73, 024310 (2006) High spin structure and intruder configurations in 31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, Bucharest, Romania 2 INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy 3 Dipartimento di by Brown and Wildenthal [3]. The sd-shell nuclei are presently the subject of renewed interest. Important

Ribas, Roberto Vicençotto

148

GENERAL MATRIX PENCIL TECHNIQUES FOR SOLVING DISCRETETIME NONSYMMETRIC ALGEBRAIC RICCATI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algebraic Riccati equation, both continuous and discrete­time, has received recently a renewed interest due Romania ({oara,stefan}@riccati.pub.ro). Their work has been supported by the Romanian National University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C4,suppldment au Journal de Physique 111,Volume 4, avril1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany * Institute ofAtomic Physics, Bucharest 76900,Romania Abstract Trivalent ytterbium ions were used band. The pro- gress in powerfbl laser diodes emitting in this range renewed the interest in Yb

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Interface discrete light bullets in waveguide arrays Dumitru Mihalache,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(IFIN-HH), 407 Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, Romania 2 Institute of Solid State Theory of electromagnetic surface waves has been renewed af- ter the first theoretical prediction [5] and subsequent

151

SHARING AND DISSEMINATING KNOWLEDGE OF ADVANCED SPATIAL MODELLING PRESENTATION OF AN ACTION CARRIED OUT BY THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH GROUP S4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in "International Conference of Territorial Intelligence, Alba Iulia : Romania (2006)" #12;Sharing and disseminating of the use of renewed and advanced mobility models for urban transportation management2 . Regarding

152

ACADEMrrE ROUMAThffi REVUE ROUMAINE DES  

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fuels combustion. It is known that the nuclear and renewable energy represents two essential way, Romania, in e, pressing its wish to be integrated into EU, is also developing its nuclear pow 1

Baica, Malvina

153

Collisions between discrete surface spatiotemporal solitons in nonlinear waveguide arrays Dumitru Mihalache and Dumitru Mazilu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-HH), 407 Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, Romania Falk Lederer Institute of Condensed Matter Theory of nonlinear optical surface waves has been renewed recently, and a series of theoretical predictions 9

154

LI Delivery Consortium AISBL Rue Montoyer 23  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Romania. The ELI facilities will be operated jointly under a single pan-European consortium ­ preferably of the Management Board is, in general, two (2) years and is renewable. The Management Board consists

155

A Problem-Based Learning Approach for Green Control & IT in a Master Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.gipsa-lab.fr/~e.witrant/ 2 University of Craiova, Software Engineering Department, A.I.Cuza 13, 200585 Craiova, Romania be a solution to renew the students' interest for science. This work presents an example of curriculum design

Boyer, Edmond

156

International Partner Institutions Carnegie Mellon University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Universitatea Babes-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca, Romania · University College Utrecht, Netherlands · University and Humanities 2010: Renewal of the State recognition by the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen Founded in 1999

Bernacchia, Alberto

157

Spatiotemporal surface Ginzburg-Landau solitons Dumitru Mihalache,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, Romania 2 Institute of Solid State Theory and Theoretical Optics waves has been renewed after the theoretical prediction 9,10 and subsequent experimental demonstration

158

Update on the European Weather Radar Network Iwan Holleman, Laurent Delobbe, and Anton Zgonc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorological Services". The second phase of OPERA, 2004-2006, has involved a significant renewal of the Program Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic

Stoffelen, Ad

159

10 years of the IAU Efforts for Capitalizing the Ground-Based Astrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, W.2 1 Astronomical Institute of the Romanian Academy, Romania 2 Institut de MĂ©canique CĂ©leste et, Prague): Astrometry by Small Ground- Based Telescopes (ASGBT). It was renewed for other three years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

ELI Delivery Consortium AISBL Rue Montoyer 23  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Romania. The ELI facilities will be operated jointly under a single pan-European consortium ­ preferably of the Management Board is, in general, two (2) years and is renewable. The Management Board consists

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161

TO TEACH COMBINATORICS, USING SELECTED PROBLEMS Laureniu Modan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that it is "an opportunity of a renewed gladness", because "each problem in the domain asks for its solving number of proposed and solved conjectures. In the actual Romania, Discrete Mathematics, and therefore

Spagnolo, Filippo

162

International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

authorized employment. An amended petition may be necessary. · Have the department apply for renewal of your, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom

Heller, Barbara

163

Spatiotemporal dissipative solitons in two-dimensional photonic lattices Dumitru Mihalache and Dumitru Mazilu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, Romania Falk Lederer Institute of Solid State Theory and Theoretical in the study of nonlinear self-trapped optical surface waves has been renewed after the theoretical prediction

164

November 9, 2003 21:47 WSPC/Trim Size: 9in x 6in for Proceedings royer-nanuf03 FISSION BARRIERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, RO-76900, Bucharest, Romania E-mail: rgherg-fission of heavy systems and fragmentation have renewed interest in investigating the fusion-like fission valley

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@yahoo.com, l.staicu@unesco-ihe.org Nationality Romanian Place and date of birth Bucharest, Romania, 22 FRENCH (*) Common European Framework of Language Reference English certificates: TOEFL IBT, November 5

166

ORISE: After a Brief Decline, Recent Foreign Ph.D. Graduates...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

were more likely to stay than others. Seven countries-China, Romania, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, India, Iran, and Russia-have five-year stay rates greater than 75%. According to the...

167

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY 30% OF ALL MSC STUDENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARRIVALS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY 30% OF ALL MSC STUDENTS AT TU DELFT ARE INTERNATIONAL 780 GREECE 90 ITALY 54 GERMANY 24 MEXICO 24 INDONESIA 22 SPAIN 16 COLOMBIA 15 ROMANIA 15 OTHER COUNTRIES: 169

Kuzmanov, Georgi

168

FACULTYHIGHEST POPULATION OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT TU DELFT IN 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

95 4. SURINAME 88 5. GERMANY 70 2. CHINA 225 3. INDONESIA 85 4. GERMANY 75 4. SURINAME 75 2. CHINA 308 GERMANY 218 ITALY 134 IRAN 89 SURINAM 83 ROMANIA 80 SPAIN 75 #12;

Kuzmanov, Georgi

169

Hybrid Isoprenoids from a Reeds Rhizosphere Soil Derived Actinomycete Streptomyces sp. CHQ-64  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

and www.hungary-romania-cbc.eu) and the National Information Infrastructure Development Institute (NIIFI 10038). ... The terpenoid secondary metabolites that have been discovered from actinomycetes are often in the form of biosynthetic hybrids called hybrid isoprenoids (HIs). ...

Qian Che; Tianjiao Zhu; Xin Qi; Attila Mándi; Tibor Kurtán; Xiaomei Mo; Jing Li; Qianqun Gu; Dehai Li

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Design of a nitrogen-implanted titanium-based superelastic alloy with optimized properties for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bucharest, Romania 5 Institute of Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht -Zentrum fĂŒr Material- und KĂŒstenforschung GmbH Max-Planck-StraĂ?e 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany *Corresponding author: Prof

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and future Acarology review, goals Africa African veterinary handbook Wharton, G. W. (.jr.), 19?? a Mackenzie, P. Z.j and Simpson, R. ?., 196? a, 297 pp. Africa Ixodoidea , cattle Yeoman, G. H., 19?? a gar diffusion. See Immunity, Gel diffusion.... Agar gel. See Immunity, Gel diffusion. Age of host Arnastauskiene, ?. V., 196? a swine coccidiosis, Lithuania Age of host Chu, K.Y.; Massoud, J.; and Schistosoma haematobium, Sabbaghian, ?., 1966 a Bulinus truncatus Age of host cattle, egg count...

Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Gas Shale Plays… The Global Transition  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

VIII. Poland EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment VIII. Poland EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment May 17, 2013 VIII-1 VIII. POLAND (INCLUDING LITHUANIA AND KALININGRAD) SUMMARY Poland has some of Europe's most favorable infrastructure and public support for shale development. The Baltic Basin in northern Poland remains the most prospective region with a relatively simple structural setting. The Podlasie and Lublin basins also have potential but are

173

NDP-30/R6 (Table 2)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comprises the sum of Africa, North America, South America, Asia, Europe, Comprises the sum of Africa, North America, South America, Asia, Europe, Oceania, the former U.S.S.R., and the Antarctic Fisheries. 2 Includes Christmas Island. 3 Identifies bunkers delivered by tankers to vessels on the Antarctic fishing grounds; fuels delivered to Antarctic research stations are not included. 4 Refers to former Burma. 5 Refers to the former Democratic Kampuchea. 6 Excludes Taiwan province. 7 Includes Taiwan Province. 8 Prior to 1 January 1993, refers to the former Czechoslovakia composed of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. 9 Code used for population data only. Energy statistics for France and Monaco are combined (251). 10 From 1950 to 1958, data includes the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, and Gabon. 11 From 1950 to 1954, data includes Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

174

Planned Publications Resulting from CARINA Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resulted from CARINA Project Resulted from CARINA Project Earth System Science Data (ESSD) Journal submitted CARINA publications (Special Issue). Falck, E. and Olsen, A.: Nordic Seas dissolved oxygen data in CARINA, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 123-131, doi:10.5194/essd-2-123-2010, 2010 Hoppema, M., Velo, A., van Heuven, S., Tanhua, T., Key, R. M., Lin, X., Bakker, D. C. E., Perez, F. F., Ríos, A. F., Lo Monaco, C., Sabine, C. L., Álvarez, M., and Bellerby, R. G. J.: Consistency of cruise data of the CARINA database in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 1, 63-75, doi:10.5194/essd-1-63-2009, 2009. Jeansson, E., Olsson, K. A., Tanhua, T., and Bullister, J. L.: Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean CFC data in CARINA, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 79-97, doi:10.5194/essd-2-79-2010, 2010.

175

Four state companies are markedly different  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Journal continues its profiles of state owned oil companies with a return to the Persian Gulf, South America, and a first time look at the state oil company of Romania, one of Eastern Europe`s most active and oldest producers. The government of Kazakhstan`s activities are also covered in this report. These profiles detail the organization of the companies, with emphasis on upstream and downstream operations. Support functions, though essential to a company, are not covered in detail. Company projects and capabilities are only described in this report when necessary to put the company in perspective. Following are the profiles of state companies for Bahrain, Kuwait, Romania, and Venezuela.

Aalund, L.R.

1995-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

176

News & Notes January 22, 2007 Marcus Karl Maroney's Songs from Rock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Bucharest, Romania on January 6, 2007 at the Romanian Philharmonic with soprano Anne-Marie Condacse (DMA for their primary instrument. Students with multiple instruments need to make other arrangements. If you renewed your locker last year, please come to the Front Desk to get your new combination. If you did not renew

Azevedo, Ricardo

177

Computer Engineering Mekelweg 4,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the recent years, renewed interest has been payed to Residue Number Systems (RNS), due to their ability ENGINEERING by Nicoleta CUCU-LAURENCIU born in Brasov, Romania Computer Engineering Department of Electrical, as required by the RSA cryptosystem. In the recent years, renewed interest has been payed to Residue Number

Kuzmanov, Georgi

178

A COST-EFFECTIVE TWO-LEVEL ADAPTIVE BRANCH PREDICTOR STEVEN, G. B., EGAN, C., SHIM, W. VINTAN, L.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" of Sibiu Hatfield, Hertfordshire, U.K. Seoul, Korea Sibiu-2400, Romania AL10 9AB 139-743 email: G accuracy of between 80 to 95% [1]. More recently, the advent of superscalar processors has given renewed are far more costly on a superscalar processor. This renewed interest in branch prediction led

Vintan, Lucian N.

179

Studies in Informatics and Control, Vol. XX, No. X, Month Year 1 Modelling and power regulation of horizontal variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Romania, andreea.pintea@gmail.com, popescu_upb@yahoo.com 2 Nanjing University of Science and Technology by an increase of the interest in the renewable energy sources and consequently in the need of finding control methods for optimizing the energy conversion. Among the renewable energy sources, the wind has become

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

180

APPLYING CACHING TO TWO-LEVEL ADAPTIVE BRANCH PREDICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" of Sibiu Hatfield, Hertfordshire, U.K. Seoul, Korea Sibiu-2400, Romania AL10 9AB 139-743 email: C% [1]. More recently, the advent of superscalar processors has given renewed impetus to branch on a superscalar processor. This renewed interest in branch prediction led to a dramatic breakthrough in the 1990s

Vintan, Lucian N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

www.tugraz.at/welcomecenter International Relations and Mobility Programmes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

("Anmeldebescheinigung"). The confirmation of registration is for an unlimited period and must not be renewed. Attention, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden. 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 10 0 11 0 12 0

182

H. Schmeck, T. Ungerer, and L. Wolf (Eds.): ARCS 2002, LNCS 2299, pp. 179-191, 2002. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

{c.egan,g.b.steven}@herts.ac.uk 2 University "Lucian Braga" of Sibiu, 2400, Romania vintan the accuracy of cached predictors. 1 Introduction The advent of superscalar processors has given renewed are far more costly on a superscalar processor. This renewed interest in branch prediction led

Vintan, Lucian N.

183

New achievements for Romanian engineering training in modelling power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evolution of electric power system analysis methods followed the present technical problems and business needs of electric utilities in Romania, before EU integration. Present technical requirements and the current stage of power system analysis ... Keywords: computer applications, computer simulation, fourier analysis, modelling, power systems, training

Stefania Popadiuc; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

New achievements for Romanian engineering training in modelling power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evolution of electric power system analysis methods followed the present technical problems and business needs of electric utilities in Romania, before EU integration. Present technical requirements and the current stage of power system analysis ... Keywords: Fourier analysis, computer applications, computer simulation, modelling, power systems, training

Stefania Popadiuc; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wÀr ich mir lieber nicht

Berry, R. Stephen

186

Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

1800-111-42436 POLAND 00-800-1213476 PORTUGAL 8008-14928 ROMANIA 40-31-630-01-38 RUSSIA 8-10-8002-5594011 SAUDI ARABIA 800-8-110062 SINGAPORE 65-6517-0502 800-120-5213 SLOVAK...

187

Usage Statistics for www.math.purdue.edu - May 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

36, 12, 0.06%, 7, 0.05%, 49, 0.01%, Egypt. 37, 12, 0.06%, 9, 0.06%, 220, 0.05%, Romania. 38, 11, 0.06%, 7, 0.05%, 186, 0.04%, Australia. 39, 8, 0.04%, 7, 0.05 ...

188

JOURNAL DEPHYSIQUEIV ColloqueC7,supplkmentauJournaldePhysique111, Volume3,novembre1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.C.-SABucharest, Romania ABSTRACT Aluminium alloy-matrix composites with ceramic parti- culates ( Graphite, Sic, A1203, Tic cell size is slightly smaller in AlSilZCuNiMg ceramic particles composite compared to the base alloy. The microstructure of rapidly solidified composites revealed a more homogeneous ceramic particles distribution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

189

NOVEL O(H(N)+N/H(N)) ALGORITHMIC TECHNIQUES FOR SEVERAL TYPES OF QUERIES AND UPDATES ON ROOTED TREES AND LISTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

super-node tree; binary search tree; list Ph.D. Eng. Mugurel Ionu ANDREICA Abstract: In this paper we TREES AND LISTS Mugurel Ionu ANDREICA Computer Science Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania email: mugurel.andreica@cs.pub.ro Key words: general tree; query; update; compressed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

The next-generation liquid-scintillator neutrino observatory LENA Michael Wurm a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ae , Walter Potzel a , Tomi RÀihÀ k , Georg G. Raffelt af , Gioacchino Ranucci g , Soebur Razzaque ag of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India j Hawaii Pacific University, Kaneohe, HI, USA k Oulu Southern Institute of Bucharest, Romania s Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA

Mcdonough, William F.

191

Ann. Geophys., 26, 23832394, 2008 www.ann-geophys.net/26/2383/2008/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the geomagnetic field, and allow energy and momentum to be transferred from the solar wind into the magnetosphere 2008 Annales Geophysicae What is the best method to calculate the solar wind propagation delay? B, University Iasi, Romania 3University of Bergen, Norway *also at: Max-Planck Institute for Solar Systems

Bergen, Universitetet i

192

Testing of the CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper described the results of testing for a CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package Prototype intended to be used for transport and storage of the CANDU spent fuel bundles within NPP CANDU Cernavoda, Romania. The results obtained proved that the objectives of those tests were achieved

Vieru, G.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

194

User:GregZiebold/Program Maps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maps Maps < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Place Coordinates A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland United Kingdom A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Bangladesh A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Bangladesh ANL Wind Power Forecasting and Electricity Markets ASEAN-GIZ Regional Environmentally Sustainable Cities Programme - RESCP Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam ASEAN-IEA Activities Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand Philippines Vietnam Brunei Myanmar Cambodia Laos Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania

195

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy Reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through regular elections and guarantee civil liberties, thereby reducing political violence (Kitschelt 1986). Within a similar line of studies, scholars note that resources are essential to sustain and mobilize violent activities (Dalton, Sickle... Violence Albania 1998 999 1.41 Latvia 1996 1200 1.81 Argentina* 1995 1079 1.68 Lithuania 1997 1009 1.82 Armenia 1997 2000 1.85 Macedonia 1998 995 1.67 Australia 1995 2048 1.63 Moldova 1996 984 2.13 Bangladesh 1996 1525 1.13 New Zealand 1998 1201 1.60 Brazil...

Yeh, Yao-Yuan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

196

Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

197

IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

Elam, Carolyn C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)] (ed.)

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The Cost of Improving Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to replace a failed compressor station on a transmission pipeline; 12 most disruptions caused by pipeline failures could be repaired in a week or less. A failure of the Latvian underground storage could potentially disrupt supply to Estonia and Latvia... at In?ukalns. Suppliers must store at least 10 days worth of household consumption beginning 1st September 2008, rising by 10 days each year until a 60 day level is reached (REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA, 2008). The capacity of the pipeline connection between...

Noel, Pierre; Findlater, Sachi; Chyong, Chi Kong

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

199

Struct Chem DOI 10.1007/s11224-006-9111-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,6-14 dien-2-one (2, fHm = - 79.7 ± 22.9 and 20.1 ± 23.115 kJ mol-1 ) are reported. Sublimation enthalpies of General Chemistry, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 1 Polizu str., Bucharest 78126, Romania e-mail: s perisanu@chim.upb.ro I. Contineanu Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy, spl

Chickos, James S.

200

The Foreign Policy of Józef Pi?sudski and Józef Beck, 1926-1939: Misconceptions and Interpretations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be absolutely certain that Poland would not go against it with the help of the other, and two, alliance with France and Romania as a guarantee of peace.? 5.... The Polish-Romanian defensive alliance and military conventions were signed in Bucharest on March 3 1921; they concerned mutual aid in case of Soviet aggression and were renewed twice in the 1930s. 6 For the Polish text of the Polish-Soviet Pact of 1932...

Cienciala, Anna M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in many smaller developing countries, including Costa Rica, Colombia, Egypt, EI Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, Paraguay, the Philippines, Romania, Thailand, Turkey, and the Ukraine 6 -- and probably numerous others for which specific figures do... should renew our commitment to multilateralism as the best hope for surviving the current age and for bringing to our children, to all children on this planet, the fruits of the rich resources that we hold in trust for their future. Notes * ** 1. 2. 3. 4...

Head, John W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

CONDITIONING TECHNOLOGY FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTE RESULTED FROM THE TREATMENT OF LIQUID WASTE FROM THE ROMANIAN NUCLEAR POWER PLANT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the conditioning of spent resins contaminated with radionuclides, such as: 137Cs, 134Cs, 60Co, 58Co, 57Co, 54Mn, etc., techniques of direct immobilization in cement, bitumen and organic polymers have been tested. The selected process was the bituminization using industrial bitumen, I 60-70, made in Romania, which had very good characteristics. The paper presents stages of the research project, technical conditions for the process and advantages of the bituminization of spent resins.

ARSENE, CARMEN; ANDREI, VERONICA; NEGOIU, DUMITRU

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

203

Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0 Croatia 0.0 Qatar 0.0 Cuba 0.0 Romania 19.0 Czech Republic 33.0 Russia 17.6 Denmark 0.0 Saudi Arabia 0.0 Egypt 0.0 Serbia 0.0 Ethiopia 0.0 Singapore 0.0 Finland 31.6 Slovakia 54.0 France 77.7 Slovenia 41.7 Germany 17.8 South Africa 5.2 Ghana 0.0 South...

Kafle, Nischal

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

" . , ' ~. I., 0, , , . IC. onl. n. awar for orcan Health Fair, Korean-Am. Nail A, ~'cl . Seoul. R~chr. Kyullggi (Korell) Pnn'inl:;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIH. 8AICAN, ROMAN HORATIU, retired physicisl; b. Blaj. Romania, Feb. 23, Childrell 111ld Fal1ulie:a, Livia. Elvira. r...ch. pro;Cl'1 199 J), Hunter Coil. U.S. Koreau-Arn. Paren'" A1isn. (pre.. 198R Sgt. K... Hl',dtl1 ,Hid Well"all'. 19810:. Pre~. ltward Rcpuhlil.: of Korea, 2OCl(); granlee Ass!. U. Cluj

Baica, Malvina

205

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Nuclear  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear Power Nuclear Power picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) Nuclear power is projected to represent a growing share of the developing world’s electricity consumption from 1999 through 2020. New plant construction and license extensions for existing plants are expected to produce a net increase in world nuclear capacity. Nuclear power plants generated electricity in 29 countries in 1999. A total of 433 nuclear power reactors were in operation (Figure 61), including 104 in the United States, 59 in France, and 53 in Japan. The largest national share of electricity from nuclear power was in France, at 75 percent (Figure 62). Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Sweden, Ukraine, and South Korea depended on nuclear power for at least 40

206

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.ecn.nl/docs/library/report/2010/e10069.pdf Country: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Slovenia, United Kingdom

207

The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety Workshop in Prague The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety Workshop in Prague October 3, 2011 - 2:04pm Addthis The Office of Nuclear Energy, in partnership with Czech Republic Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the State Agency for Nuclear Safety of the Czech Republic, and Argonne National Laboratory, is conducting a regional Nuclear Safety Workshop on Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Safety for Robust Civil Nuclear Programs on Oct. 10-13, 2011 in Prague. U.S. Ambassador Norman Eisen and Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dr. Pete Lyons will deliver speeches welcoming participants. Representatives from the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Lithuania,

208

Technical Letter Report - Analysis of Ultrasonic Data on Piping Cracks at Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Before and After Applying a Mechanical Stress Improvement Process, JCN-N6319, Task 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in piping systems previously analyzed for leak-before-break (LBB). Part of this work involves determining whether inspections alone are sufficient or if inspections plus mitigation techniques are needed. The work described in this report addresses the reliability of ultrasonic phased-array (PA) examinations for inspection of cracks that have been subjected to the mitigation method of mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). It is believed that stresses imparted during MSIP may make ultrasonic crack responses in piping welds more difficult to detect and accurately characterize. To explore this issue, data were acquired, both before and after applying MSIP, and analyzed from cracked areas in piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. This work was performed under NRC Project JCN-N6319, PWSCC in Leak-Before-Break Systems.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Crawford, Susan L.

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy demand simulation for East European countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis and created statistical models of energy consumption tendencies in the European Union (EU25), including new countries in transition, are presented. The EU15 market economy countries and countries in transition are classified into six clusters by relative indicators of Gross Domestic Product (GDP/P) and energy demand (W/P) per capita. The specified statistical models of energy intensity W/GDP non-linear stochastic tendencies have been discovered with respect to the clusters of classified countries. The new energy demand simulation models have been developed for the demand management in timeâ??territory hierarchy in various scenarios of short-term and long-term perspective on the basis of comparative analysis methodology. The non-linear statistical models were modified to GDP, W/P and electricity (E/P) final consumption long-term forecasts for new associated East European countries and, as an example, for the Baltic Countries, including Lithuania.

Jonas Algirdas Kugelevicius; Algirdas Kuprys; Jonas Kugelevicius

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Modelling modal choice effects of regulation on low-sulphur marine fuels in Northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The implementation of MARPOL Annex VI in the North and Baltic Sea Sulphur Emission Control Area (SECA) has raised economic concerns among shippers and shipowners, as well as spurred policymakers to appeal to various interests, such as citizen health, export industry competitiveness, and consumer prices. To justify their cases, policymakers and stakeholders have commissioned various agencies to monitor the implementation’s effects upon sustainability, especially regarding a potential modal shift from sea to road transport. This article thus reviews some of these commissioned studies in order to analyse the effects of the implementation and the possibility of modal shift. It also provides an agent-based simulation study of route choice for comparatively high-value cargo from Lithuania in the east to the United Kingdom in the west. Ultimately, the results of our TAPAS study do not provide concrete evidence supporting a modal shift from sea to road transport and indeed, they indicate that a shift is unlikely to occur.

Johan Holmgren; Zoi Nikopoulou; Linda Ramstedt; Johan Woxenius

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.etsap.org/index.asp Country: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, China, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, South Africa, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

212

Spatial Dispersion of Peering Clusters in the European Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

section by analyzing the determinants of bilateral peering decisions. Finally, section 5 concludes. 2 Agglomeration in the Internet In one of the earliest contributions of the renewed debate on the geographical agglomeration of economic activity Krugman... .0136 Paris, France -0.03448 0.00762 0.23892 random RONIX -0.22 Bucharest, Romania -0.05 0.00881 -1.8113 dispersed TIX -0.0267 Zurich, Switzerland -0.02222 0.00157 -0.1141 random TOPIX -0.077 Torino, Italy -0.09091 0.00894 0.1466 random VIX 0.07147 Vienna...

D'Ignazio, Alessio; Giovannetti, Emanuele

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Foreign Policy of the Polish Government-in-Exile, 1939–1945: Political and Military Realities versus Polish Psychological Reality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and William C. Bullitt (Boston, 1972), pp. 576-599, and... p. 133, Note 43, at end add: The general’s remains were reburied in Wawel Castle Cathedral, Kraków, in 1993. Due to renewed controversy over the cause of death, an examination of the remains in 2008... and to make their way to Romania or Hungary, or because they were misled by the friendly declarations of the incoming Soviet troops. Thus, the Red Army took three to four hundred thousand prisoners, including about 10,000 officers. Most of the rank and file...

Cienciala, Anna M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Implications of a 2005 Measles Outbreak in Indiana for Sustained Elimination of Measles in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measles is a highly infectious, acute viral disease that can cause rash, fever, diarrhea, pneumonia, encephalitis, and death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that measles infects 30 million persons and causes 454,000 deaths annually worldwide. Although measles is endemic in most of the... In 2005, an outbreak of measles occurred that was traced to a student who had returned home to Indiana from a trip to Romania. At a gathering attended by the student, there were an estimated 50 people who lacked evidence of measles immunity, of whom 16 (32 percent) acquired measles. One health care worker also became infected, and severe respiratory distress developed, requiring ventilator support.

Parker A.A.; Staggs W.; Dayan G.H.

2006-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Packaging waste recycling in Europe: Is the industry paying for it?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • We study the recycling schemes of France, Germany, Portugal, Romania and the UK. • The costs and benefits of recycling are compared for France, Portugal and Romania. • The balance of costs and benefits depend on the perspective (strictly financial/economic). • Financial supports to local authorities ought to promote cost-efficiency. - Abstract: This paper describes and examines the schemes established in five EU countries for the recycling of packaging waste. The changes in packaging waste management were mainly implemented since the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste entered into force. The analysis of the five systems allowed the authors to identify very different approaches to cope with the same problem: meet the recovery and recycling targets imposed by EU law. Packaging waste is a responsibility of the industry. However, local governments are generally in charge of waste management, particularly in countries with Green Dot schemes or similar extended producer responsibility systems. This leads to the need of establishing a system of financial transfers between the industry and the local governments (particularly regarding the extra costs involved with selective collection and sorting). Using the same methodological approach, the authors also compare the costs and benefits of recycling from the perspective of local public authorities for France, Portugal and Romania. Since the purpose of the current paper is to take note of who is paying for the incremental costs of recycling and whether the industry (i.e. the consumer) is paying for the net financial costs of packaging waste management, environmental impacts are not included in the analysis. The work carried out in this paper highlights some aspects that are prone to be improved and raises several questions that will require further research. In the three countries analyzed more closely in this paper the industry is not paying the net financial cost of packaging waste management. In fact, if the savings attained by diverting packaging waste from other treatment (e.g. landfilling) and the public subsidies to the investment on the “recycling system” are not considered, it seems that the industry should increase the financial support to local authorities (by 125% in France, 50% in Portugal and 170% in Romania). However, in France and Portugal the industry is paying local authorities more than just the incremental costs of recycling (full costs of selective collection and sorting minus the avoided costs). To provide a more definitive judgment on the fairness of the systems it will be necessary to assess the cost efficiency of waste management operators (and judge whether operators are claiming costs or eliciting “prices”)

Ferreira da Cruz, Nuno, E-mail: nunocruz@ist.utl.pt; Ferreira, Sandra; Cabral, Marta; Simőes, Pedro; Marques, Rui Cunha

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Elastic scattering of the proton drip-line nucleus F-17  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Lewis,1 J. F. Liang,1 B. H. Moazen,6 A. M. Mukhamedzhanov,2 C. D. Nesaraja,1,6 F. M. Nunes,7 P. D. Parker,8 L. Sahin,9 J. P. Scott,1,6 D. Shapira,1 M. S. Smith,1 J. S. Thomas,10 and R. E. Tribble2 1Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak... Ridge, TN 37831, USA 2Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3366, USA 3National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering ?Horia Hulubei,? P.O. Box MG-6, RD-76900, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania 4Department...

Blackmon, JC; Carstoiu, F.; Trache, L.; Bardayan, DW; Brune, CR; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Greife, U.; Gross, CJ; Jewett, CC; Kozub, R. L.; Lewis, TA; Liang, JF; Moazen, BH; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Nesaraja, CD; Nunes, FM; Parker, PD; Sahin, L.; Scott, JP; Shapira, D.; Smith, MS; Thomas, JS; Tribble, Robert E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Breakup of B-8 and the S-17 astrophysical factor reexamined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering H. Hulubei, Bucharest, Romania (Received 22 December 2003; published 31 March 2004) Existing experimental data for the breakup of 8B at energies from 30 to 1000 MeV/nucleon on light through heavy targets are analyzed in detail in terms... for the radia- tive proton capture reaction Asp ,gdB which is a highly pe- ripheral process due to the Coulomb barrier and the low*Electronic address: l-trache@tamu.edu PHYSICAL REVIEW C 69, 032802(R) (2004) RAPID COMMUNICATIONS 0556-2813/2004...

Trache, L.; Carstoiu, F.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Der Atlas der ungarischen Dialekte in Rumänien steht vor der Vollendung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

—??61??— Der Atlas der ungarischen Dialekte in Rumänien steht vor der Vollendung DeZS? juháSZ, erika TerBe Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Magyar Nyelvtudományi és Finnugor Intézet, H – 1088 Budapest, Múzeum krt. 4/A, juhasz....dezso@btk.elte.hu, terbe.erika@btk.elte.hu Enajsti, zadnji del Atlasa madžarskih nare?ij v Romuniji (The Atlas of Hungarian Dialects in Romania – RMNyA) je pripravljen za tisk. De- lo, za katerega so gradivo zbirali v petdesetih in šestdesetih letih 20. stoletja...

Juhá sz, Dezs?; Terbe, Erika

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Risks and Rewards of Leverage in Romanian Real Estate Investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging markets real estate performance is nowadays heavily affected by lack of investor confidence, risk perceptions, increasing cost of finance and finally market fundamentals. In turn, banks have looked away from real estate as their balance sheets are loaded with non-performing commercial real estate loans. While the blame for debt excesses is being placed on one party (banks) or another (investors) we take an in depth look at a real estate development company active in Romania in order to understand the effects of leverage. We are trying to answer basic questions in real estate investment, in a Romanian context: is there an intrinsic need for debt financing in real estate? What should be considered a sustainable level of debt in an emerging market such as Romania? What are the risks stemming from too much debt and how should they be managed? The conclusions are limited by the focus on a single company but the company is what could be called a representative case for the Romanian investment market.

Muler Onofrei; Ion Anghel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Current Status of The Romanian National Deep Geological Repository Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of a deep geological repository is a very demanding and costly task. By now, countries that have Candu reactors, have not processed the spent fuel passing to the interim storage as a preliminary step of final disposal within the nuclear fuel cycle back-end. Romania, in comparison to other nations, represents a rather small territory, with high population density, wherein the geological formation areas with radioactive waste storage potential are limited and restricted not only from the point of view of the selection criteria due to the rocks natural characteristics, but also from the point of view of their involvement in social and economical activities. In the framework of the national R and D Programs, series of 'Map investigations' have been made regarding the selection and preliminary characterization of the host geological formation for the nation's spent fuel deep geological repository. The fact that Romania has many deposits of natural gas, oil, ore and geothermal water, and intensively utilizes soil and also is very forested, cause some of the apparent acceptable sites to be rejected in the subsequent analysis. Currently, according to the Law on the spent fuel and radioactive waste management, including disposal, The National Agency of Radioactive Waste is responsible and coordinates the national strategy in the field and, subsequently, further actions will be decided. The Romanian National Strategy, approved in 2004, projects the operation of a deep geological repository to begin in 2055. (authors)

Radu, M.; Nicolae, R.; Nicolae, D. [Center of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Objectives (CITON), ILFOV County (Romania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithuania monaco romania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies Agency/Company /Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Pathways analysis Website: www.iaea.org/Publications/Factsheets/English/indicators.pdf Country: Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russia, Slovakia, Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

222

Insights Gained from Ultrasonic Testing of Piping Welds Subjected to the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in leak-before-break piping systems. Part of this involves determining whether inspections alone, or inspections plus mitigation, are needed. This work addresses the reliability of ultrasonic testing (UT) of cracks that have been mitigated by the mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). The MSIP has been approved by the NRC (NUREG-0313) since 1986 and modifies residual stresses remaining after welding with compressive, or neutral, stresses near the inner diameter surface of the pipe. This compressive stress is thought to arrest existing cracks and inhibit new crack formation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the MSIP and the reliability of ultrasonic inspections, flaws were evaluated both before and after MSIP application. An initial investigation was based on data acquired from cracked areas in 325-mm-diameter piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. In a follow-on exercise, PNNL acquired and evaluated similar UT data from a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) specimen containing implanted thermal fatigue cracks. The DMW specimen is a carbon steel nozzle-to-safe end-to-stainless steel pipe section that simulates a pressurizer surge nozzle. The flaws were implanted in the nozzle-to-safe end Alloy 82/182 butter region. Results are presented on the effects of MSIP on specimen surfaces, and on UT flaw responses.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Moran, Traci L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005, Proceedings of SPIE,  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains papers presented at the 37th Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High-Power Lasers that was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado, 19-21 September 2005. The symposium was cosponsored by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA), and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (USA). Cooperating organizations were the Center for High Technology Materials at the University of New Mexico (USA), Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA), QinetiQ (United Kingdom), and the College of Optics and Photonics, CREOL and FPCE, University of Central Florida (USA). The symposium, was attended by 145 scientist and engineers from China, France, Lithuania, Russia, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. One-third of the attendees and nearly half of the presentations were from abroad. A mini-symposium on Tuesday afternoon, that addressed damage issues associated with petawatt lasers, highlighted our growing interest in the emerging area. Including the mini-symposium, 87 papers were presented in oral and poster sessions.

Exarhos, Gregory J.; Guenther, Arthur H.; Ristau, Detlev; Lewis, Keith L.; Soileau, M. J.; Stolz, Christopher J.

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

224

IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

January2005 NNSANews  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2009 2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

226

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J: Regional Definitions J: Regional Definitions Figure J1. Map of the Six Basic Country Groupings. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: Mature Market Economies (15 percent of the 2005 world population): North America—United States, Canada, and Mexico; Western Europe—Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; Mature Market Asia—Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. Transitional Economies (6 percent of the 2005 world population): Eastern Europe (EE)—Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro,

227

Secretary Bodman Meets with Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary Secretary Bodman Meets with Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary March 17, 2006 - 3:44pm Addthis Emphasizes U.S. Support for Central European Energy Security BUDAPEST, HUNGARY - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today participated in a regional energy meeting with ministers from Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Croatia and Romania. During the meeting, Secretary Bodman and the ministers discussed the importance of advancing sufficient, affordable, clean and reliable energy supplies to sustain global economic growth, accommodate heightened demand, and promote regional energy security. Traveling to Budapest from Moscow where he participated in the G8 Energy Ministerial, Secretary Bodman reaffirmed the G8 priorities

228

Lliliana Stan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Liliana Stan has advanced knowledge in designing, synthesis, and characterization of multilayered thin-film Liliana Stan has advanced knowledge in designing, synthesis, and characterization of multilayered thin-film structures. Her expertise includes physical vapor deposition techniques, such as sputtering, ion-beam- assisted deposition (IBAD), and e-beam evaporation, and characterization of metal-oxide films and multifunctional nanocomposites. At the base of her research on understanding of the processing- microstructure-property relationships of materials using multilayered heteroepitaxial structures is her work in the development of biaxially oriented (single crystal-like) thin films grown on amorphous substrates using IBAD. Liliana received her B. S. in Physics from University of Bucharest, Romania, and her M. S. in Electrical Engineering from theUniversity of New Mexico. She worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory for ten

229

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Plasma Physics  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

G H I J K L M N O P Q R S G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Fitzpatrick, Rob (Rob Fitzpatrick) - Land and Water Division, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Flury, Markus (Markus Flury) - Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University Forray, Ferenc (Ferenc Forray) - Department of Geology, Babes-Bolyai University, Romania Freger, Viatcheslav "Slava" (Viatcheslav "Slava" Freger) - Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research Go back to Individual Researchers Collections: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Florida, University of - Hinkley Center for Solid and Hazardous

230

January2005 NNSANews  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

231

OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OECD Input-Output Tables OECD Input-Output Tables Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Input-Output Tables Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.oecd.org/document/3/0,3343,en_2649_34445_38071427_1_1_1_1,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India, Canada, New Zealand, United States, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Austria, Italy, Netherlands, Ireland, France, Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Mexico, Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, Indonesia, Switzerland, Taiwan, Russia

232

20 years of cosmic muons research performed in IFIN-HH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last two decades a modern direction in particle physics research has been developed in IFIN-HH Bucharest, Romania. The history started with the WILLI detector built in IFIN-HH Bucharest in collaboration with KIT Karlsruhe (formerly Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe). The detector was designed for measurements of the low energy muon charge ratio (< 1GeV) based on a delayed coincidence method, measuring the decay time of the muons stopped in the detector: the positive muons decay freely, but the negative muons are captured in the atom thus creating muonic atoms and decay depending on the nature of the host atom. In a first configuration, the WILLI detector was placed in a fixed position for measuring vertical muons. Further WILLI has been transformed in a rotatable device which allows directional measurements of muon charge ratio and muon flux. The results exhibit a pronounced azimuthal asymmetry (East-West effect) due to the different in fluence of the geomagnetic field on the trajectories of positive and negative muons in air. In parallel, flux measurement, taking into account muon events with nergies > 0.4GeV, show a diurnal modulation of the muon flux. The analysis of the muon events for energies < 0.6GeV reveals an aperiodic variation of the muon flux. A new detection system performing coincidence measurements between the WILLI calorimeter and a small array of 12 scintillators plates has been installed in IFIN-HH starting from the autumn of 2010. The aim of the system is to investigate muon charge ratio from individual EAS by using the mini-array as trigger for the WILLI calorimeter. Such experimental studies could provide detailed information on hadronic interaction models and primary cosmic ray composition at energies around 10{sup 15}eV. Simulation studies and preliminary experimental tests, regarding the performances of the mini-array, have been performed using H and Fe primaries, with energies in a range 10{sup 13}eV - 10{sup 15}eV. The results show detailed effects of the direction of EAS incidence relative to the geomagnetic field, depending, in particular, of the primary mass. Based on the results, we can say that WILLI-EAS experiment could be used for testing the hadronic interaction models. Measurements of the high energy muon flux in underground of the salt mine from Slanic Prahova, Romania was performed using a new mobile detector developed in IFIN-HH, Bucharest. Consisting of 2 scintillator plates measuring in coincidence, the detector is installed on a van which facilitates measurements on different positions at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes in different locations at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes at different sites of Romania and in the underground of the salt mines from Slanic Prahova, Romania where IFIN-HH has a modern underground laboratory. New methods for the detection of cosmic ray muons are investigated in our institute based on scintillator techniques using optical fiber and MPPC photodyodes.

Mitrica, Bogdan [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH, Bucharest, P.O.B.MG-6 (Romania)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

233

BlackSeaHazNet Scientific Report - EU FP7 IRSES project 2011-2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aims of the project 2011-2014) are in the project title- Complex Research of Earthquakes Forecasting Possibilities, Seismic and Climate Change Correlations- to create a team for researching the above mentioned problem. In the Project participated 76 scientists from 16 Institutes and 8 countries- Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Macedonia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine. The main results are shortly listed in the next. Creating a group which is able to fulfill a Complex Research of Earthquakes Forecasting Possibilities; The main result is statistical prove of imminent forecasting possibility for seismic regional activity on the basis of the geomagnetic monitoring in the framework of special created data acquisition system for earthquakes archiving, visualization and analysis (geomagnetic quake approach). Illustrated with the data from INTERMAGNET stations- PAG (Panagurichte, Bulgaria), SUA (Surlari, Romania), GCK (Grocka, Serbia) and LAquila (AQU, Italy) for the last 5-8 years; The application of the geom...

Mavrodiev, Strachimir Cht; Pekevski, Lazo; Kikuashvili, Giorgi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The QUANTGRID Project (RO)—Quantum Security in GRID Computing Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The QUANTGRID Project financed through the National Center for Programme Management (CNMP?Romania) is the first attempt at using Quantum Crypted Communications (QCC) in large scale operations such as GRID Computing and conceivably in the years ahead in the banking sector and other security tight communications. In relation with the GRID activities of the Center for Computing & Communications (Nat.’l Inst. Nucl. Phys.—IFIN?HH) the Quantum Optics Lab. (Nat.’l Inst. Plasma and Lasers—INFLPR) and the Physics Dept. (University Polytechnica—UPB) the project will build a demonstrator infrastructure for this technology. The status of the project in its incipient phase is reported featuring tests for communications in classical security mode: socket level communications under AES (Advanced Encryption Std.) both proprietary code in C ++ technology. An outline of the planned undertaking of the project is communicated highlighting its impact in quantum physics coherent optics and information technology.

M. Dima; M. Dulea; M. Petre; C. Petre; B. Mitrica; M. Stoica; M. Udrea; R. Sterian; P. Sterian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Combining indicators of energy consumption and CO2 emissions: a cross-country comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When countries are compared in terms of their carbon emission intensities, carbon emissions are normally considered as a function of either energy consumption, GDP, population or any other suitable variable. These can be termed as partial indicators as they consider emissions as a function of only one variable. Simultaneous consideration of more variables affecting carbon emissions is relatively complex. In this paper, several variables are simultaneously considered in comparing carbon emissions of countries using a new mathematical programming methodology, called the Data Envelopment Analysis. We have illustrated the use of the methodology with four variables representing CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic activity. The illustrative analysis shows that Luxembourg, Norway, Sudan, Switzerland and Tanzania have been considered the most efficient countries, followed by India and Nigeria. Central European countries such as Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic, and South Africa are the least efficient.

R. Ramanathan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Recovery of Wasted Mechanical Energy from the Reduction of Natural Gas Pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract At the present time in Romania, the transition from the natural gas transportation system to the distribution system is done only thru the use of pressure reducing stations. Here the pressure drop is usually done by using throttle valves or pressure reducing valves, where the gas energy is spent without doing any work. In this article we propose the use of turbo-expanders in the pressure reducing stations, where the natural gas pressure from the transportation grid is high and needs to drop to lower levels to enter the distribution grids, in this way part of the energy consumed in the compression stations are recovered. The plans are made at this time for a pilot project at the pressure reducing station in the city of Onesti, Bacau County.

Iancu Andrei; Tudorache Valentin; Tarean Cristina; Toma Niculae

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Verification of GCM-generated regional seasonal precipitation for current climate and of statistical downscaling estimates under changing climate conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Empirical downscaling procedures relate large-scale atmospheric features with local features such as station rainfall in order to facilitate local scenarios of climate change. The purpose of the present paper is twofold: first, a downscaling technique is used as a diagnostic tool to verify the performance of climate models on the regional scale; second, a technique is proposed for verifying the validity of empirical downscaling procedures in climate change applications. The case considered is regional seasonal precipitation in Romania. The downscaling model is a regression based on canonical correlation analysis between observed station precipitation and European-scale sea level pressure (SLP). The climate models considered here are the T21 and T42 versions of the Hamburg ECHAM3 atmospheric GCM run in time-slice mode. The climate change scenario refers to the expected time of doubled carbon dioxide concentrations around the year 2050. Generally, applications of statistical downscaling to climate change scenarios have been based on the assumption that the empirical link between the large-scale and regional parameters remains valid under a changed climate. In this study, a rationale is proposed for this assumption by showing the consistency of the 2 x CO{sub 2} GCM scenarios in winter, derived directly from the gridpoint data, with the regional scenarios obtained through empirical downscaling. Since the skill of the GCMs in regional terms is already established, it is concluded that the downscaling technique is adequate for describing climatically changing regional and local conditions, at least for precipitation in Romania during winter.

Busuioc, A. [National Inst. of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bucharest (Romania); Storch, H. von; Schnur, R. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Hydrophysics

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Summary of the contractor information exchange meeting for improving the safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, February 19, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a meeting held on February 19, 1997, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was held primarily to exchange information among the contractors involved in the U.S. Department of Energy`s efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Previous meetings have been held on December 5-6, 1995, and May 22, 1996. The meetings are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and coordinated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy works with countries to increase the level of safety at 63 Soviet-designed nuclear reactors operating in Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. The work is implemented largely by commercial companies and individuals who provide technologies and services to the countries with Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Attending the meeting were 71 representatives of commercial contractors, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of State, national laboratories, and other federal agencies. The presentations and discussions that occurred during the exchange are summarized in this report. While this report captures the general presentation and discussion points covered at the meeting, it is not a verbatim, inclusive record. To make the report useful, information presented at the meeting has been expanded to clarify issues, respond to attendees` requests, or place discussion points in a broader programmatic context. Appendixes A through F contain the meeting agenda, list of attendees, copies of presentation visuals and handouts, the Strategy Document discussed at the meeting, and a summary of attendees` post-meeting evaluation comments. As with past information exchanges, the participants found this meeting valuable and useful. In response to the participant`s requests, a fourth information exchange will be held later in 1997.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Studies of leukemia and thyroid disease among Chernobyl clean-up workers from the Baltics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April of 1986, hundreds of thousands of men from throughout the former Soviet Union were sent to Chernobyl to entomb the damaged reactor, remove radioactive debris, and help decontaminate the local environment. They remained for an average of three months and were allowed to accumulate up to 25 cGy of radiation before being sent home. Doses for some workers may have exceeded the allowable limit. The experience of Chernobyl clean-up workers is potentially informative about cancer risk associated with protracted exposure to low levels of radiation. Cohorts of clean-up workers from the Baltic Republics were assembled for study, based on military records and other lists. The study population includes 4,833 men from Estonia 5,709 from Latvia and at least 5,446 from Lithuania, where a pilot study is underway. They are being monitored for cancer incidence through linkages with the corresponding national cancer registries. Biodosimetric assays, including fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosome translocation analysis and the glycophorin A (GPA) somatic cell mutation assay, are being used to supplement information about radiation doses from worker records and questionnaires. Thyroid screening examinations, including palpation, ultrasound and, selectively, fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed on nearly 2,000 workers in the Estonian cohort (mean age, 40 y) during the spring of 1995, nine years after the reactor accident. The study is still in progress. Work began first in Estonia, and results presented here pertain to this subgroup except as otherwise noted. The average age at the time of arrival at Chernobyl was 31 years. 62% were sent in 1986. Possible reasons for the apparent absence or rarity of radiation-induced thyroid nodules include low and protracted doses, low susceptibility among men exposed as adults, and insufficient passage of time since the accident.

Inskip, P.D. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States); Tekkel, M.; Rahu, M. [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn (Estonia)] [and others

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Producing transportation fuels from algae: In search of synergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The study found that promising algae biofuels R&D breakthroughs (hydrothermal liquefaction technology, high-frequency magnetic impulse cavitation reactors, etc.) and industry milestones (technologies of hydrorefining and catalytic selective oxidation among others), in order to move forward, require for implementation of new synergies and further innovations needed to improve economical production of advanced biofuels that are not applicable today. It seems that already viable state-of-the-art findings must be re-examined extensively in all of the different aspects in order to hasten the commercialisation of algal biofuels production in sustainable biorefineries. The same could be said about the feedstock selection for algal biomass production and its cultivation. It is the first step to successful large-scale algae cultivation in new regions of the world. Based on the above mentioned we identified fourteen promising algae species that can successfully grow in various regions of Russia under local climatic conditions. Samples collected during expedition were analysed at Lomonosov Moscow State University. Providing predetermined alternate periods of light and darkness and for temperature control of the different mediums to improve photosynthetic responses we investigated two different microalgal production systems: open ponds of the volume V=500 l and closed bioreactors of the volume V=1.0 l. Later on, a review on interdisciplinary synergies between biology and technology to open up new avenues of R&D in the field of algae-for-transport was carried out by leading universities of Lithuania, Russia, and Ukraine. In summary, we found that it is already possible to reduce the price of the 3rd and 4th generation biodiesel fuel from algae by applying the synergistic approaches to sustainable energy production highlighted in this paper, and probably some other ones as well.

Laurencas Raslavi?ius; Vladimir G. Semenov; Nadezhda I. Chernova; Art?ras Keršys; Aleksandr K. Kopeyka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Sustainable energy in Baltic States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Integration of New Member States to the European Union has created a new situation in the frame of implementation of the Lisbon strategy and EU Sustainable Development. The closure of Ignalina NPP is the biggest challenge to the energy sector development of the Baltic States. The Baltic States have quite limited own energy resources and in the Accession agreement with the EU Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia have verified their targets to increase the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources (RES-E) by the year 2010. A wider use of renewable energy and increase of energy efficiency can make a valuable contribution to meeting the targets of sustainable development. The article presents a detailed overview of the present policies and measures implemented in the Baltic States, aiming to support the use of RES and the increase of energy efficiency. The review of possibilities to use the EU Structural Funds (SF) for the implementation of sustainable energy projects in the Baltic States was performed.The use of regional social–economic–environmental indicators is the main key to integrate sustainable energy development at the program deployment level. The indicators to be used should describe the contribution of energy programs to the sustainable development, medium- and long-term trends and inter-relationship between them and the typical energy indicators (saved toe, improved energy efficiency, percentage of RES). Municipalities may play a considerable role by promoting sustainable energy since local authorities are fulfilling their functions in the energy sector via a number of roles. The Netherlands’ example shows that municipalities may act as facilitators by implementing national environmental policy and increasing energy efficiency in an integral part of these activities. The guidelines for Lithuanian local sustainable energy development using the SF co-financing have been presented.

Valentinas Klevas; Dalia Streimikiene; Ramute Grikstaite

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Name: Flavian Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Romania Date: Spring 2012 Question: My question is about the LHC and any other particle accelerator, if the 2 matter beams travel at about 99% of the velocity of light relative to the ground in opposite directions don't they travel at 2x that relative to each other? What is actually going on? Replies: Flavian, How fast an object moves depends on the observer. When approaching the speed of light, the only reliable reference is you. Such velocities do not add like day-to-day velocities. Both distance and time measurements are different for those in different reference frames. The second matter beam might travel at a greater distance as seen by a particle in the first beam, but the time it takes to do it, as measured by the first beam, will also be greater. The distance divided by the time (i.e. speed) will be greater than 99% of light speed but less than 100%.

243

The Energy Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG Jump to: navigation, search Name The Energy Research and Modernization Institute (ICEMENERG) Place Bucharest, Romania Sector Biofuels, Biomass, Efficiency, Geothermal energy, Hydro, Wind energy Product Research institute that covers many sectors including wind, PV, STEG, biomass, biofuels, mini-hydro, geothermal and energy efficiency. Coordinates 44.434295°, 26.102965° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.434295,"lon":26.102965,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

244

Romanian Experience in The Conditioning of Radium Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ra{sup 226} first radionuclide separated from pitchblende in 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie was successfully used in medicine, industry as in other fields being the only one available radionuclide till 1940 when were produced other radionuclides in accelerators. On long term the use of Ra{sup 226} sealed sources are not any more safe due to: the high specific activity, long half live, decays in Rn{sup 226} gas which increases the internal pressure of capsule leading in time to the leakage, the salts as raw materials from which the sealed sources are manufactured are soluble, there is a leak of information and records on the manufacture and operation. Based on this consideration in Romania regulatory authority did not authorized any more the use of these sealed sources [1]. The paper presents some aspects from Romanian experience related to the collection and conditioning of radium sealed sources. Data relating the radium inventory as well as the arrangements made in order to create a workshop for the conditioning of radium sources are presented. (authors)

Dogaru, Gh.; Dragolici, F.; Rotarescu, Gh.; Nicu, M. [National Institute for Research and Development of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - Horia, Hulubei, Ilfov (Romania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

New developments in direct nuclear fission energy conversion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some experimental and theoretical results obtained in the investigations undertaken at the Central Institute of Physics (CIP) in Bucharest-Romania concerning the direct nuclear energy conversion into electrical energy are presented. Open-circuit voltages (U /SUB oc/ ) of tens of kV and short-circuit currents (J /SUB sc/ ) of several ..mu..A were obtained in experiments with vacuum fission-electric cells (FEC) developed in the CIP and irradiated in the VVR-S reactor at a 10/sup 9/ neutrons/cm/sup 2/s thermal neutron flux. A gas filled FEC (GAFFC) has been devised and tested in the reactor at the same neutron flux. With this GAFEC U /SUB oc/ of hundreds of kV, J /SUB sc/ of hundreds of ..mu..A and powers of hundreds of mW have been obtained. Our researches pointed out the essential part played by the electrons in the charge transport dynamics occuring in the FEC and the influence of the secondary emission on the FEC operation.

Ursu, I.; Badescu-Singureann, A.I.; Schachter, L.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Water constraints on European power supply under climate change: impacts on electricity prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent warm, dry summers showed the vulnerability of the European power sector to low water availability and high river temperatures. Climate change is likely to impact electricity supply, in terms of both water availability for hydropower generation and cooling water usage for thermoelectric power production. Here, we show the impacts of climate change and changes in water availability and water temperature on European electricity production and prices. Using simulations of daily river flows and water temperatures under future climate (2031–2060) in power production models, we show declines in both thermoelectric and hydropower generating potential for most parts of Europe, except for the most northern countries. Based on changes in power production potentials, we assess the cost-optimal use of power plants for each European country by taking electricity import and export constraints into account. Higher wholesale prices are projected on a mean annual basis for most European countries (except for Sweden and Norway), with strongest increases for Slovenia (12–15%), Bulgaria (21–23%) and Romania (31–32% for 2031–2060), where limitations in water availability mainly affect power plants with low production costs. Considering the long design life of power plant infrastructures, short-term adaptation strategies are highly recommended to prevent undesired distributional and allocative effects.

Michelle T H van Vliet; Stefan Vögele; Dirk Rübbelke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Successful Cleaning and Study of Contamination of Si(001) in Ultrahigh Vacuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the very first surface physics experiment performed in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) in Romania, using a new molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) installation. Cleaning of a Si(001) wafer was achieved by using a very simple technique: sequences of annealing at 900-1000 deg. C in ultrahigh vacuum: low 10{sup -8} mbar, with a base pressure of 1.5x10{sup -10} mbar. The preparation procedure is quite reproducible and allows repeated cleaning of the Si(001) after contamination in ultrahigh vacuum. The Si(001) single crystal surface is characterized by low energy electron diffraction (LEED), reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The latter technique is utilized in order to investigate the sample contamination by the residual gas in the UHV chamber, as determined by a residual gas analyzer (RGA). Unambiguous assignment of oxidized and unoxidized silicon is provided; also, an important feature is that the LVV Auger peak at 90-92 eV cannot be solely attributed to clean Si (i.e. Si surrounded only by Si), but also to silicon atoms bounded with carbon. Even with a sum of partial pressures of oxygen and carbon containing molecules in the range of 5x10{sup -10} mbar, the sample is contaminated very quickly, having a (1/e) lifetime of about 76 minutes.

Gheorghe, N. G.; Lungu, G. A.; Husanu, M. A.; Costescu, R. M. [National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor 105bis, P.O. Box MG-7, 077125 Magurele - Ilfov (Romania)

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

248

International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

2003-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Study of the surface traffic inside the Cluj?Napoca urban agglomeration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environment's protection is one of the most actual problems because of the fact that pollution is a major danger for planet life. The environment's pollution is caused because some pollution agents are in too large a quantity for a long time and they become dangerous for human health for the flora for the fauna and for the constructions too. The pollution sources can be classified as natural and artificial sources. The quality of the environment from a specific area at a certain time can be determined by: a) the air quality; b) the water quality; c) the soil quality; d) the health level of the population; e) the decrease of animals and plants species that are accounted for. In the paper there are given the urban traffic on the principal routes inside the Cluj?Napoca municipality. The traffic is the constituent part of the research activity of the national project having the destination the monitoring of the noise and vibrations into an urban agglomeration applied to the Cluj ? Napoca town. This study is the first step for the "noise map" asked for by the Romania integration in the European Union for the team researchers of TUCN under the the direction of Dr. Mariana Arghir.

Geamilia Solea; Dan Borza; Mariana Runcan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

EPR Investigation of Gamma-Irradiated Rapana Thomasiana (Gastropoda, Muricidae) Shell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The shell of Rapana Thomasiana snail, a carnivorous gastropod collected from the coasts of the Black Sea (Romania) was investigated by using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The samples in powder form were irradiated with a 60Co gamma-ray source at ambient temperature in the dose range between 1.06 and 11.3 kGy. The measurements showed that the EPR signal intensity enhanced following saturation exponential with the absorbed dose. The estimated EPR parameters: g1 = 1.9976, g2 = 2.0006, g3 = 2.0015, g4 = 2.0030 and g5 = 2.0043 revealed a complex spectrum consisting of CO{sub 2}{sup -}, CO{sub 3}{sup 3-} and CO{sub 3}{sup -} species. A very weak signal at g6 = 2.0057 was associated to SO{sub 2}{sup -} electron center. All EPR signals of gamma-irradiated samples decreased with various rate with the of 100 deg. C isothermal annealing time.

Seletchi, Emilia Dana [University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125 Bucharest (Romania); Duliu, Octavian G. [University of Bucharest, Department of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125 Bucharest (Romania); Georgescu, Rodica [National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering-Horia Hulubei, P.O. Box MG-6, 077125 Bucharest (Romania)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

Calibration facility for environment dosimetry instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the last ten years, the nuclear activities, as well as the major nuclear events (see Fukushima accident) had an increasing impact on the environment, merely by contamination with radioactive materials. The most conferment way to quickly identify the presence of some radioactive elements in the environment, is to measure the dose-equivalent rate H. In this situation, information concerning the values of H due only to the natural radiation background must exist. Usually, the values of H due to the natural radiation background, are very low (?10{sup ?9} - 10{sup ?8} Sv/h). A correct measurement of H in this range involve a performing calibration of the measuring instruments in the measuring range corresponding to the natural radiation background lead to important problems due to the presence of the natural background itself the best way to overlap this difficulty is to set up the calibration stand in an area with very low natural radiation background. In Romania, we identified an area with such special conditions at 200 m dept, in a salt mine. This paper deals with the necessary requirements for such a calibration facility, as well as with the calibration stand itself. The paper includes also, a description of the calibration stand (and images) as well as the radiological and metrological parameters. This calibration facilities for environment dosimetry is one of the few laboratories in this field in Europe.

Bercea, Sorin; Celarel, Aurelia; Cenusa, Constantin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului St, Magurele, Jud Ilfov, P.O.B. MG-6, RO-077125 (Romania)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

252

Investigation related to hydrogen isotopes separation by cryogenic distillation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research conducted in the last fifty years has shown that one of the most efficient techniques of removing tritium from the heavy water used as moderator and coolant in CANDU reactors (as that operated at Cernavoda (Romania)) is hydrogen cryogenic distillation. Designing and implementing the concept of cryogenic distillation columns require experiments to be conducted as well as computer simulations. Particularly, computer simulations are of great importance when designing and evaluating the performances of a column or a series of columns. Experimental data collected from laboratory work will be used as input for computer simulations run at larger scale (for The Pilot Plant for Tritium and Deuterium Separation) in order to increase the confidence in the simulated results. Studies carried out were focused on the following: - Quantitative analyses of important parameters such as the number of theoretical plates, inlet area, reflux flow, flow-rates extraction, working pressure, etc. - Columns connected in series in such a way to fulfil the separation requirements. Experiments were carried out on a laboratory-scale installation to investigate the performance of contact elements with continuous packing. The packing was manufactured in our institute. (authors)

Bornea, A.; Zamfirache, M.; Stefanescu, I.; Preda, A.; Balteanu, O.; Stefan, I. [INC-DTCI-ICSI Rm. Valcea, str.Uzinei, Nr.4, 240050 (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Evolutionary history of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata, Salamandridae) inferred from the combined analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial markers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Widespread species with morphologically and ecologically differentiated populations are key to understand speciation because they allow investigating the different stages of the continuous process of population divergence. The alpine newt, Ichthyosaura alpestris, with a range that covers a large part of Central Europe as well as isolated regions in all three European Mediterranean peninsulas, and with strong ecological and life-history differences among populations, is an excellent system for such studies. We sampled individuals across most of the range of the species, and analyzed mitochondrial (1442 bp) and nuclear (two nuclear genes -1554 bp- and 35 allozyme loci) markers to produce a time-calibrated phylogeny and reconstruct the historical biogeography of the species. Phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA data produced a fully resolved topology, with an endemic, Balkan clade (Vlasina) which is sister to a clade comprising an eastern and a western group. Within the former, one clade (subspecies I. a. veluchiensis) is sister to a clade containing subspecies I. a. montenegrina and I. a. serdara as well as samples from southern Romania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Bulgaria (subspecies I. a. reiseri and part of I. a. alpestris). Within the western group, populations from the Italian peninsula (subspecies I. a. apuana and I. a. inexpectata) are sister to a clade containing samples from the Iberian Peninsula (subspecies I. a. cyreni) and the remainder of the samples from subspecies I. a. alpestris (populations from Hungary, Austria, Poland, France, Germany and the larger part of Romania). Results of ?BEAST analyses on a combined mtDNA and nDNA dataset consistently recovered with high statistical support four lineages with unresolved inter-relationships: (1) subspecies I. a. veluchiensis; (2) subspecies I. a. apuana + I. a. inexpectata; (3) subspecies I. a. cyreni + part of subspecies I. a. alpestris (the westernmost populations, plus most Romanian populations); and (4) the remaining populations, including subspecies I. a. serdara, I. a. reiseri and I. a. montenegrina and part of subspecies I. a. alpestris, plus samples from Vlasina. Our time estimates are consistent with ages based on the fossil record and suggest a widespread distribution for the I. alpestris ancestor, with the split of the major eastern and western lineages during the Miocene, in the Tortonian. Our study provides a solid, comprehensive background on the evolutionary history of the species based on the most complete combined (mtDNA + nDNA + allozymes) dataset to date. The combination of the historical perspective provided by coalescent-based analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA variation with individual-based multilocus assignment methods based on multiple nuclear markers (allozymes) also allowed identification of instances of discordance across markers that highlight the complexity and dynamism of past and ongoing evolutionary processes in the species.

Ernesto Recuero; David Buckley; Mario García-París; Jan W. Arntzen; Dan Cog?lniceanu; Ińigo Martínez-Solano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Life cycle analysis in refurbishment of the buildings as intervention practices in energy saving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the energy savings in refurbishment of the buildings using Life Cycle Assessment at material level by comparing three insulation materials that offer higher thermal performance and greater environmental sustainability. The comparison is made on products having the same insulation performance (U-value). After the enumeration of intervention practices for energy saving in buildings, the Life Cycle Assessment methodology in refurbishment of the buildings is applied at material level using Life Cycle Inventory to transform material volume input into impact on the environment as output. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was carried out according to the requirements of the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD). After assessing the building performance before and after isolation, the “embodied energy”, which comes from the materials manufacturing as phases of the refurbishment of the buildings, was determinate and compared with the operational energy of the building. This LCA methodology in refurbishment of the buildings at material level was evaluated for Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) and Rigid polyurethane (PUR) insulation products. This methodology has been used on a building in Galati, Romania (School No. 9). A spider diagram was used to represent the criteria in a consistent, graphical way in relative units. The extreme values for a given criteria indicate the poor performance of the insulation material. Finally, the assessment of the building performance before and after using the insulation and the determination of the “embodied energy” compared to the operational energy of the building resulted in a 55% energy saving in the use stage of the building after refurbishment.

Badea Nicolae; Badea George-Vlad

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Recycling of Vineyard and Winery Wastes as Nutritive Composts for Edible Mushroom Cultivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Every year in Romania huge amounts of wine and vine wastes cause serious environmental damages in vineyards as well as nearby winery factories for instance by their burning on the soil surface or their incorporation inside soil matrix. The optimal and efficient way to solve these problems is to recycle these biomass wastes as main ingredients in nutritive composts preparation that could be used for edible mushrooms cultivation. In this respect the main aim of this work was to establish the best biotechnology of winery and vine wastes recycling by using them as appropriate growth substrata for edible and medicinal mushrooms. According to this purpose two mushroom species of Basidiomycetes namely Lentinula edodes as well as Pleurotus ostreatus were used as pure mushroom cultures in experiments. The experiments of inoculum preparation were set up under the following conditions: constant temperature 23°?C; agitation speed 90–120 rev min ?1 pH level 5.0–6.0. All mycelia mushroom cultures were incubated for 120–168 h. In the next stage of experiments the culture composts for mushroom growing were prepared from the lignocellulose wastes as vine cuttings and marc of grapes in order to be used as substrata in mycelia development and fruit body formation. The tested culture variants were monitored continuously to keep constant the temperature during the incubation as well as air humidity air pressure and a balanced ratio of the molecular oxygen and carbon dioxide. In every mushroom culture cycle all the physical and chemical parameters that could influence the mycelia growing as well as fruit body formation of L. edodes and P. ostreatus were compared to the same fungal cultures that were grown on poplar logs used as control samples.

Marian Petre; Alexandru Teodorescu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

257

Nuclear photonics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the planned new {gamma}-beam facilities like MEGa-ray at LLNL (USA) or ELI-NP at Bucharest (Romania) with 10{sup 13}{gamma}/s and a band width of {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -3}, a new era of {gamma} beams with energies up to 20MeV comes into operation, compared to the present world-leading HI{gamma}S facility at Duke University (USA) with 10{sup 8}{gamma}/s and {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 3 Dot-Operator 10{sup -2}. In the long run even a seeded quantum FEL for {gamma} beams may become possible, with much higher brilliance and spectral flux. At the same time new exciting possibilities open up for focused {gamma} beams. Here we describe a new experiment at the {gamma} beam of the ILL reactor (Grenoble, France), where we observed for the first time that the index of refraction for {gamma} beams is determined by virtual pair creation. Using a combination of refractive and reflective optics, efficient monochromators for {gamma} beams are being developed. Thus, we have to optimize the total system: the {gamma}-beam facility, the {gamma}-beam optics and {gamma} detectors. We can trade {gamma} intensity for band width, going down to {Delta}E{gamma}/E{gamma} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -6} and address individual nuclear levels. The term 'nuclear photonics' stresses the importance of nuclear applications. We can address with {gamma}-beams individual nuclear isotopes and not just elements like with X-ray beams. Compared to X rays, {gamma} beams can penetrate much deeper into big samples like radioactive waste barrels, motors or batteries. We can perform tomography and microscopy studies by focusing down to {mu}m resolution using Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF) for detection with eV resolution and high spatial resolution at the same time. We discuss the dominating M1 and E1 excitations like the scissors mode, two-phonon quadrupole octupole excitations, pygmy dipole excitations or giant dipole excitations under the new facet of applications. We find many new applications in biomedicine, green energy, radioactive waste management or homeland security. Also more brilliant secondary beams of neutrons and positrons can be produced.

Habs, D.; Guenther, M. M.; Jentschel, M.; Thirolf, P. G. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Max Planck Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

258

Section 49 - Business  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The category entitled Business includes milestones involving companies and other business organizations with energy-related activities, and also business ventures in energy by individual entrepreneurs. This subject area is closely related to the preceding section Economics. The first significant energy business involved the mining, transportation, and sale of coal. The coal industry originated in Great Britain, especially in the Newcastle area of northern England. (This became the source of the expression “carrying coals to Newcastle” to describe a needless activity, since coal already could be found there in such abundance.) The U.S. coal business began in the mid 1700s, and was located mainly in the Appalachian region, where it still exists as a major industry today. The next major energy business to emerge in the U.S. was water power, in New Jersey in the late 1700s. This was followed by the gas lighting industry, which had begun in Britain in 1812 and then developed in the U.S. shortly afterward. Another notable energy business of this time was the whale oil industry, in which whales were hunted for use of their oil as a lighting fuel. This had a remarkable career arc as a business. It came of age in New England in the 1820s, peaked in the 1840s, and was virtually defunct by the end of the 1860s. Other fuel sources had replaced whale oil, chiefly kerosene, a cheaper and more easily obtainable product. The oil business had its formal beginnings in the 1850s in the U.S. and Romania. The year 1870 then saw a significant milestone in the business with the creation of the Standard Oil Company by John D. Rockefeller and colleagues. Three years later, the brothers Robert and Ludwig Nobel (siblings of the inventor Alfred) set up a company to exploit the oil riches of Baku, Azerbaijan. Baku’s oil industry would become the largest in the world in the late nineteenth century. Also in the 1850s, the first commercial natural gas company was formed in Fredonia, New York. The 1870s marked the beginning of another huge energy business, the commercial supply of electric power. The founding of Thomas Edison’s Edison Electric Light Company (1879) was the seminal event in this respect. Thus by the end of the 1870s, the four large energy supply industries of the U.S.—coal, oil, gas, and electricity—were all in full operation. The general availability of energy supply from oil and electricity led to the development of a huge energy-related business, the automobile industry. This began in the 1890s, with the founding of Daimler Motors in Germany being the most significant event. Electric car companies would enjoy success from this early period of the 1890s up until the early 1920s, when gasoline-powered cars eclipsed their sale. The first step in the demise of electric streetcar companies also came in the early 1920s when the General Motors Company began a campaign to replace street cars with gasoline-powered vehicles. A major development in the energy business in the 20th century was the effort to produce and market oil from Middle Eastern sources. This began in earnest in the 1930s when Western oil companies were granted concessions to begin oil prospecting in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Eventually, these two nations would take over their oil industry and control its revenue themselves, as would various other oil-exporting nations (e.g., Venezuela, Nigeria). The influence of Western oil companies was at its peak in the mid 1970s when the popular media referred to the “Seven Sisters” that then dominated the business: Exxon, Mobil, Socal (Chevron), Texaco, Gulf, British Petroleum, and Royal Dutch/Shell. These companies controlled about 85 percent of the world’s oil reserves. Their influence on the global market would soon diminish due to the importance of OPEC and the existence of various state-owned oil companies as noted above. Nevertheless, a contemporary list of the ten largest global companies still includes all of the Seven Sisters, either as independent companies or as part of a merger with another of this group. The

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z