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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

EUV mask surface cleaning effects on lithography process performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflective, multilayer based, mask architectures for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography are highly susceptible to surface oxidation and contamination. As a result, EUV masks are expected to undergo cleaning processes in order to maintain the lifetimes necessary for high volume manufacturing. For this study, the impact of repetitive cleaning of EUV masks on imaging performance was evaluated. Two, high quality industry standard, EUV masks are used for this study with one of the masks undergoing repeated cleaning and the other one kept as a reference. Lithographic performance, in terms of process window analysis and line edge roughness, was monitored after every two cleans and compared to the reference mask performance. After 8x clean, minimal degradation is observed. The cleaning cycles will be continued until significant loss imaging fidelity is found.

George, Simi; Baclea-an, Lorie Mae; Naulleau, Patrick; Chen, Robert J.; Liang, Ted

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

2

surface science | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface science surface science Leads No leads are available at this time. Nonlinear Photoemission Electron Micrographs of Plasmonic Nanoholes in Gold Thin Films. Abstract:...

3

Applied Surface Science 289 (2014) 358365 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Science journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apsusc Electron irradiation-enhanced water of the conventional optical lithography for further reduction in feature size with a reasonable resolution [2 of the EUV optics [5,6]. Carbon contamination in EUV optics is caused by EUV induced dissociation

Harilal, S. S.

4

Indus-2 X-ray lithography beamline for X-ray optics and material science applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray lithography is an ideal technique by which high aspect ratio and high spatial resolution micro/nano structures are fabricated using X-rays from synchrotron radiation source. The technique has been used for fabricating optics (X-ray, visible and infrared), sensors and actuators, fluidics and photonics. A beamline for X-ray lithography is operational on Indus-2. The beamline offers wide lithographic window from 1-40keV photon energy and wide beam for producing microstructures in polymers upto size ?100mm × 100mm. X-ray exposures are possible in air, vacuum and He gas environment. The air based exposures enables the X-ray irradiation of resist for lithography and also irradiation of biological and liquid samples.

Dhamgaye, V. P., E-mail: vishal@rrcat.gov.in; Lodha, G. S., E-mail: vishal@rrcat.gov.in [Indus Synchrotrons Utilisation Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore-452013 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

5

surface science ELSEVIER Surface Science384 (1997) 192 200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surface science ELSEVIER Surface Science384 (1997) 192 200 An ab initio Hartree-Fock study Laboratory, Daresbury, Warrington, WA4 4AD, UK Received 3June 1996;acceptedfor publication 27 March 1997 arrangement is found consisting of localisedspinson the surface titanium atoms. © 1997Elsevier

6

EMSL - surface science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

science en Nonlinear Photoemission Electron Micrographs of Plasmonic Nanoholes in Gold Thin Films. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsnonlinear-photoemission-electron-mic...

7

SURFACE SCIENCE INVESTIGATION OF CORROSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE SCIENCE INVESTIGATION OF CORROSION PROCESSES Danielle Haynes Professor Steve Bernasek August 3rd, 2009 #12;Outline Introduction Corrosion Processes AnalyticalTechnique (XPS) Motivation Methodology Preliminary Results Summary / FutureWork #12;Corrosion Process What is Corrosion? Degradation

Petta, Jason

8

Absorbance modulation optical lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the concept of absorbance-modulation optical lithography (AMOL) is described, and the feasibility experimentally verified. AMOL is an implementation of nodal lithography, which is not bounded by the diffraction ...

Tsai, Hsin-Yu Sidney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

ELSEVIER Surface Science 385 (1997) L971-L977 surface science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methanol. Though both produce methoxy intermediates, the three-dimensional oxide surface is much lessELSEVIER Surface Science 385 (1997) L971-L977 surface science Surface Science Letters Methanol on O for publication 12 May 1997 Abstract The adsorption and decomposition of methanol on the variously oxidized Mo(110

Goodman, Wayne

10

Atmospheric and Surface Science Research Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric and Surface Science Research Laboratory Idaho National Laboratory (INL) researchers are contributing to the scientific understanding of contaminant transport through...

11

Understanding Automotive Exhaust Catalysts Using a Surface Science...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automotive Exhaust Catalysts Using a Surface Science Approach: Model NOx Storage Materials. Understanding Automotive Exhaust Catalysts Using a Surface Science Approach: Model NOx...

12

Contact thermal lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contact thermal lithography is a method for fabricating microscale patterns using heat transfer. In contrast to photolithography, where the minimum achievable feature size is proportional to the wavelength of light used ...

Schmidt, Aaron Jerome, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Transparent fluids for 157-nm immersion lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- gineers. [DOI: 10.1117/1.1637366] Subject terms: 157-nm lithography; immersion fluid; perfluoropolyether

Rollins, Andrew M.

14

Programmable imprint lithography template  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A template for imprint lithography (IL) that reduces significantly template production costs by allowing the same template to be re-used for several technology generations. The template is composed of an array of spaced-apart moveable and individually addressable rods or plungers. Thus, the template can be configured to provide a desired pattern by programming the array of plungers such that certain of the plungers are in an "up" or actuated configuration. This arrangement of "up" and "down" plungers forms a pattern composed of protruding and recessed features which can then be impressed onto a polymer film coated substrate by applying a pressure to the template impressing the programmed configuration into the polymer film. The pattern impressed into the polymer film will be reproduced on the substrate by subsequent processing.

Cardinale, Gregory F. (Oakland, CA); Talin, Albert A. (Livermore, CA)

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

Theoretical Surface Science Wintersemester 2007/08  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Surfaces · Processes on surfaces play an enormous- ly important technological role · Harmful processes: 1. Rust, corrosion 2. Wear · Advantageous processes: 1. Production of chemicals 2. Conversion) DFT surface band structure M F M 0 5 -10 -5 Energy(eV) Cu(111): Band gas and parabolic surface band

Pfeifer, Holger

16

Extreme ultraviolet lithography machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) machine or system for producing integrated circuit (IC) components, such as transistors, formed on a substrate. The EUVL machine utilizes a laser plasma point source directed via an optical arrangement onto a mask or reticle which is reflected by a multiple mirror system onto the substrate or target. The EUVL machine operates in the 10-14 nm wavelength soft x-ray photon. Basically the EUV machine includes an evacuated source chamber, an evacuated main or project chamber interconnected by a transport tube arrangement, wherein a laser beam is directed into a plasma generator which produces an illumination beam which is directed by optics from the source chamber through the connecting tube, into the projection chamber, and onto the reticle or mask, from which a patterned beam is reflected by optics in a projection optics (PO) box mounted in the main or projection chamber onto the substrate. In one embodiment of a EUVL machine, nine optical components are utilized, with four of the optical components located in the PO box. The main or projection chamber includes vibration isolators for the PO box and a vibration isolator mounting for the substrate, with the main or projection chamber being mounted on a support structure and being isolated.

Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Kubiak, Glenn D. (Livermore, CA); Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Surface Science Letters Spontaneous deposition of Pd on a Ru(0 0 0 1) surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deposition of Pd on a Pt(1 1 1) electrode, monolayer [3], or submonolayer [4,7] coverages were reportedSurface Science Letters Spontaneous deposition of Pd on a Ru(0 0 0 1) surface S.R. Brankovic, J. Mc March 2001 Abstract Spontaneous deposition of Pd on a Ru(0 0 0 1) single crystal surface has been

Brankovic, Stanko R.

18

Development of a microfluidic device for patterning multiple species by scanning probe lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scanning Probe Lithography (SPL) is a versatile nanofabrication platform that leverages microfluidic “ink” delivery systems with Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) for generating surface-patterned chemical functionality on the sub-100 nm length scale...

Rivas Cardona, Juan Alberto

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

19

Science Highlight December 2010 Electrochemical Surface Science: Hard X-rays Probe Fuel Cell Model Catalyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Highlight ­ December 2010 Electrochemical Surface Science: Hard X-rays Probe Fuel Cell. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are promising power sources since they can generate distribution network. Large-scale deployment of fuel cells, however, has been hampered by cost and performance

Wechsler, Risa H.

20

Solvent Immersion Imprint Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanism of polymer disolution was explored for polymer microsystem prototyping, including microfluidics and optofluidics. Polymer films are immersed in a solvent, imprinted and finally brought into contact with a non-modified surface to permanently bond. The underlying polymer-solvent interactions were experimentally and theoretically investigated, and enabled rapid polymer microsystem prototyping. During imprinting, small molecule integration in the molded surfaces was feasible, a principle applied to oxygen sensing. Polystyrene (PS) was employed for microbiological studies at extreme environmental conditions. The thermophile anaerobe Clostridium Thermocellum was grown in PS pore-scale micromodels, revealing a double mean generation lifetime than under ideal culture conditions. Microsystem prototyping through directed polymer dissolution is simple and accessible, while simultaneous patterning, bonding, and surface/volume functionalization are possible in less than one minute.

Vasdekis, Andreas E.; Wilkins, Michael J.; Grate, Jay W.; Kelly, Ryan T.; Konopka, Allan; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Chang, M. T.

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The surface science of titanium dioxide Ulrike Diebold*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface science of titanium dioxide Ulrike Diebold* Department of Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA Manuscript received in final form 7 October 2002 Abstract Titanium dioxide is reviewed on the adsorption and reaction of a wide variety of inorganic molecules (H2, O2, H2O, CO, CO2, N2

Diebold, Ulrike

22

Electrocatalysis: A direct alcohol fuel cell and surface science...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. e l s e v i e r . c o m l o c a t e c a t t o d Electrocatalysis: A direct alcohol fuel cell and surface science perspective B. Braunchweig a , D. Hibbitts b , M. Neurock b...

23

X-ray lithography source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-intensity, inexpensive X-ray source for X-ray lithography for the production of integrated circuits is disclosed. Foil stacks are bombarded with a high-energy electron beam of 25 to 250 MeV to produce a flux of soft X-rays of 500 eV to 3 keV. Methods of increasing the total X-ray power and making the cross section of the X-ray beam uniform are described. Methods of obtaining the desired X-ray-beam field size, optimum frequency spectrum and eliminating the neutron flux are all described. A method of obtaining a plurality of station operation is also described which makes the process more efficient and economical. The satisfying of these issues makes transition radiation an excellent moderate-priced X-ray source for lithography. 26 figures.

Piestrup, M.A.; Boyers, D.G.; Pincus, C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

X-ray lithography source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-intensity, inexpensive X-ray source for X-ray lithography for the production of integrated circuits. Foil stacks are bombarded with a high-energy electron beam of 25 to 250 MeV to produce a flux of soft X-rays of 500 eV to 3 keV. Methods of increasing the total X-ray power and making the cross section of the X-ray beam uniform are described. Methods of obtaining the desired X-ray-beam field size, optimum frequency spectrum and elminating the neutron flux are all described. A method of obtaining a plurality of station operation is also described which makes the process more efficient and economical. The satisfying of these issues makes transition radiation an exellent moderate-priced X-ray source for lithography.

Piestrup, Melvin A. (Woodside, CA); Boyers, David G. (Mountain View, CA); Pincus, Cary (Sunnyvale, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A surface science investigation of the formation of passivating layers on copper surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution of I ppm phosphate that the copper corrosion rate nears the detection limit for electrochemical techniques [4], thus necessitating a surface science study which is capable of determining the corrosion rate down to a few monolayers. The focus... of this study is to investigate the corrosion passivation aspects of phosphate on copper in aqueous solutions. The film formation as well as the corrosion rates will be investigated using techniques common to surface scientists. Many studies have been done...

Hamelin, Elizabeth I.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Surface Science Letters Bulk-defect dependent adsorption on a metal oxide surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-6028(01)01067-6 #12;Titanium dioxide is a wide-band gap semicon- ductor (Egap 3 eV) that can easily be reducedSurface Science Letters Bulk-defect dependent adsorption on a metal oxide surface: S/TiO2(1 1 0) E Abstract The adsorption of molecular sulfur on TiO2(1 1 0)(1 Ă? 1) has been studied with scanning tunneling

Diebold, Ulrike

27

Large-Area Zone Plate Fabrication with Optical Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zone plates as condenser optics for x-ray microscopes offer simple optical designs for both illumination and spectral resolution when used as a linear monochromator. However, due to the long write times for electron beam lithography, both the availability and the size of zone plates for condensers have been limited. Since the resolution provided by the linear monochromator scales almost linearly with the diameter of the zone plate, the full potential for zone plate monochromators as illumination systems for x-ray microscopes has not been achieved. For example, the 10-mm-diameter zone plate has demonstrated a spectral resolution of E/{Delta}E = 700[1], but with a 26-mm-diameter zone plate, the calculated spectral resolution is higher than E/{Delta}E = 3000. These large-area zone plates are possible to fabricate with the leading edge semiconductor lithography tools such as those available at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at the University at Albany. One of the lithography tools available is the ASML TWINSCAN XT: 1950i with 37-nm resolution [2]. A single 300-mm wafer can contain more than 60 fields, each with a large area condenser, and the throughput of the tool can be more than one wafer every minute.

Denbeaux, G. [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, 255 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203 (United States)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

28

Low-cost method for producing extreme ultraviolet lithography optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Spherical and non-spherical optical elements produced by standard optical figuring and polishing techniques are extremely expensive. Such surfaces can be cheaply produced by diamond turning; however, the roughness in the diamond turned surface prevent their use for EUV lithography. These ripples are smoothed with a coating of polyimide before applying a 60 period Mo/Si multilayer to reflect a wavelength of 134 .ANG. and have obtained peak reflectivities close to 63%. The savings in cost are about a factor of 100.

Folta, James A. (Livermore, CA); Montcalm, Claude (Fort Collins, CO); Taylor, John S. (Livermore, CA); Spiller, Eberhard A. (Mt. Kisco, NY)

2003-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Self-cleaning optic for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multilayer reflective optic or mirror for lithographic applications, and particularly extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, having a surface or "capping" layer which in combination with incident radiation and gaseous molecular species such as O.sub.2, H.sub.2, H.sub.2 O provides for continuous cleaning of carbon deposits from the optic surface. The metal capping layer is required to be oxidation resistant and capable of transmitting at least 90% of incident EUV radiation. Materials for the capping layer include Ru, Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt and Au and combinations thereof.

Klebanoff, Leonard E.; Stulen, Richard H.

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

X-ray lithography using holographic images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-contact X-ray projection lithography method for producing a desired X-ray image on a selected surface of an X-ray-sensitive material, such as photoresist material on a wafer, the desired X-ray image having image minimum linewidths as small as 0.063 .mu.m, or even smaller. A hologram and its position are determined that will produce the desired image on the selected surface when the hologram is irradiated with X-rays from a suitably monochromatic X-ray source of a selected wavelength .lambda.. On-axis X-ray transmission through, or off-axis X-ray reflection from, a hologram may be used here, with very different requirements for monochromaticity, flux and brightness of the X-ray source. For reasonable penetration of photoresist materials by X-rays produced by the X-ray source, the wavelength X, is preferably chosen to be no more than 13.5 nm in one embodiment and more preferably is chosen in the range 1-5 nm in the other embodiment. A lower limit on linewidth is set by the linewidth of available microstructure writing devices, such as an electron beam.

Howells, Malcolm R. (Berkeley, CA); Jacobsen, Chris (Sound Beach, NY)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Method for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing a patterned array of features, in particular, gate apertures, in the size range 0.4-0.05 .mu.m using projection lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation. A high energy laser beam is used to vaporize a target material in order to produce a plasma which in turn, produces extreme ultraviolet radiation of a characteristic wavelength of about 13 nm for lithographic applications. The radiation is transmitted by a series of reflective mirrors to a mask which bears the pattern to be printed. The demagnified focused mask pattern is, in turn, transmitted by means of appropriate optics and in a single exposure, to a substrate coated with photoresists designed to be transparent to EUV radiation and also satisfy conventional processing methods.

Felter, T. E. (Livermore, CA); Kubiak, Glenn D. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Method for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing a patterned array of features, in particular, gate apertures, in the size range 0.4-0.05 .mu.m using projection lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation. A high energy laser beam is used to vaporize a target material in order to produce a plasma which in turn, produces extreme ultraviolet radiation of a characteristic wavelength of about 13 nm for lithographic applications. The radiation is transmitted by a series of reflective mirrors to a mask which bears the pattern to be printed. The demagnified focused mask pattern is, in turn, transmitted by means of appropriate optics and in a single exposure, to a substrate coated with photoresists designed to be transparent to EUV radiation and also satisfy conventional processing methods.

Felter, T. E. (727 Clara St., Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550); Kubiak, G. D. (475 Maple St., Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography: formation of self-authored 50 journal and more than 150 conference papers and he has given more than 100 invited talks. http://www.orc

Anderson, Jim

34

Diffractive optics for maskless lithography and imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semiconductor industry has primarily been driven by the capability of lithography to pattern smaller and smaller features. However due to increasing mask costs and complexity, and increasing tool costs, the state-of-the-art ...

Menon, Rajesh, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Extreme-UV lithography condenser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Condenser system for use with a ringfield camera in projection lithography where the condenser includes a series of segments of a parent aspheric mirror having one foci at a quasi-point source of radiation and the other foci at the radius of a ringfield have all but one or all of their beams translated and rotated by sets of mirrors such that all of the beams pass through the real entrance pupil of a ringfield camera about one of the beams and fall onto the ringfield radius as a coincident image as an arc of the ringfield. The condenser has a set of correcting mirrors with one of the correcting mirrors of each set, or a mirror that is common to said sets of mirrors, from which the radiation emanates, is a concave mirror that is positioned to shape a beam segment having a chord angle of about 25 to 85 degrees into a second beam segment having a chord angle of about 0 to 60 degrees.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David (Fairfield, CT); McGuire, James (Pasadena, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Surface Science Laboratory for Studying the Surfaces of Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Surface Science Laboratory (SSL) has been established at JLab to study surfaces relevant to superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. Current operational facilities include a scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive x-ray analysis, a secondary ion mass spectrometry, a metallographic optical microscope, a transmission electron microscope, a high precision and large scan area 3-D profilometer, a scanning field emission microscope, and a fully equipped sample preparation room. A scanning Auger microscope is being commissioned, and will be available for routine usage soon. Results from typical examples of the R&D projects on SRF cavities that were supported in the past through the use of the facilities in the SSL will be briefly reported.

Andy Wu

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Sub-10 nm imprint lithography and applications Stephen Y. Chou,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lingjie Guo, and Lei Zhuang NanoStructure Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, University on its surface is pressed into a thin resist cast on a substrate. The resist, a thermal plastic into the entire resist. Since imprint lithography is not based on modification of resist chemical structure

38

A direct-write thick-film lithography process for multi-parameter control of tooling in continuous roll-to-roll microcontact printing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roll-to-roll (R2R) microcontact printing ([mu]CP) aims to transform micron-precision soft lithography in a continuous, large-scale, high-throughput process for large-area surface patterning, flexible electronics and ...

Nietner, Larissa F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

II. Types of LithographyII. Types of Lithography A. Photolithography (optical, UV, EUV) F. Step Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lithography S i b I. Self-Assembly J NanotemplatesE. Scanning Probe Voltage pulse CVD Local electrodeposition J. Nanotemplates Diblock copolymer Sphere Alumina membraneLocal electrodeposition Dip Interference Lithography FIG. 1. SEM images of nickel dot arrays fabricated by x-ray interference lithography

Liu, Kai

40

Vitreous carbon mask substrate for X-ray lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to the use of vitreous carbon as a substrate material for providing masks for X-ray lithography. The new substrate also enables a small thickness of the mask absorber used to pattern the resist, and this enables improved mask accuracy. An alternative embodiment comprised the use of vitreous carbon as a LIGA substrate wherein the VC wafer blank is etched in a reactive ion plasma after which an X-ray resist is bonded. This surface treatment provides a surface enabling good adhesion of the X-ray photoresist and subsequent nucleation and adhesion of the electrodeposited metal for LIGA mold-making while the VC substrate practically eliminates secondary radiation effects that lead to delamination of the X-ray resist form the substrate, the loss of isolated resist features, and the formation of a resist layer adjacent to the substrate that is insoluble in the developer.

Aigeldinger, Georg (Livermore, CA); Skala, Dawn M. (Fremont, CA); Griffiths, Stewart K. (Livermore, CA); Talin, Albert Alec (Livermore, CA); Losey, Matthew W. (Livermore, CA); Yang, Chu-Yeu Peter (Dublin, CA)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Method for the protection of extreme ultraviolet lithography optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating for the protection of optical surfaces exposed to a high energy erosive plasma. A gas that can be decomposed by the high energy plasma, such as the xenon plasma used for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL), is injected into the EUVL machine. The decomposition products coat the optical surfaces with a protective coating maintained at less than about 100 .ANG. thick by periodic injections of the gas. Gases that can be used include hydrocarbon gases, particularly methane, PH3 and H2S. The use of PH3 and H2S is particularly advantageous since films of the plasma-induced decomposition products S and P cannot grow to greater than 10 .ANG. thick in a vacuum atmosphere such as found in an EUVL machine.

Grunow, Philip A.; Clift, Wayne M.; Klebanoff, Leonard E.

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

42

Article Atmospheric Science Simulated change in the near-surface soil freeze/thaw cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the soil experiences freeze/thaw processes, thus eventually affect- ing the surface energy fluxArticle Atmospheric Science Simulated change in the near-surface soil freeze/thaw cycle/thaw cycle in cold regions plays a major role in the surface energy budget, hydrological activity

43

Surface Science Letters P) reactions with small alkenes adsorbed on Rh, Au, and ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Science Letters O(3 P) reactions with small alkenes adsorbed on Rh, Au, and ice K.D. Gibson the reaction of O(3 P) with 1- and 2-butene on the surface of Rh(111) and ice, and propene on the surface of Au(111) and amorphous ice and propene adsorbed on Au(111). These experiments were done at cryogenic

Sibener, Steven

44

Surface Science 425 (1999) 114 Non-adiabatic charge transfer process of oxygen on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Science 425 (1999) 1­14 Non-adiabatic charge transfer process of oxygen on metal surfaces November 1998 Abstract The dynamics of charge transfer processes of oxygen on metal surfaces a different charged oxygen species. Empirical universal potential energy functions have been constructed

Zeiri, Yehuda

45

UNCTIONAL PERFLUOROPOLYETHERS AS NOVEL MATERIALS FOR MICROFLUIDICS AND SOFT LITHOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCTIONAL PERFLUOROPOLYETHERS AS NOVEL MATERIALS FOR MICROFLUIDICS AND SOFT LITHOGRAPHY Jason P photocurable perfluoropolyethers (PFPEs). PFPEs are a unique class of fluoropolymers that are liquids at room

Carter, Kenneth

46

Surface Science 284 (1993) 103-108 Noah-Holland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been studied using temperature-programmed desorption, X-ray photoelectron and infrared reflection experimental difficulties related to sample charging and heating. An ap- proach that has been used- high vacuum chambers. Infrared reflection-ab- 0039-6028/93/$06.00 0 1993 - Elsevier Science Publishers

Goodman, Wayne

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - arf immersion lithography Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

immersion lithography using ArF illumination... node; 38-nm node; high-n immersion fluids; ArF immersion lithography; 193-nm immersion ... Source: French, Roger H. -...

48

Surface Science 430 (1999) L515L520 www.elsevier.nl/locate/susc Surface Science Letters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Science and Technology, 790-784 Pohang, South Korea b Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany Received 14 October 1998; accepted for publication 11 January. This substrate was chosen since the clean W(001)* Corresponding author. Fax: +82-562-279-3099. E-mail address

49

An Ice Lithography Instrument Anpan Han 1, John Chervinsky2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 An Ice Lithography Instrument Anpan Han 1, John Chervinsky2 , Daniel Branton3 , and J. A a new nano-patterning method called ice lithography, where ice is used as the resist. Water vapor. The vapor condenses, covering the sample with an amorphous layer of ice. To form a lift-off mask, ice

50

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses toInvestigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask

51

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses toInvestigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography

52

In Situ Airborne, Surface, and Submersible Instruments for Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation measurements, and 6) allow for operating mode that avoids specular reflections off ocean surface on a UAV or small manned aircraft for ocean coastal remote sensing applications. The hyperspectral system that explicitly meets the performance requirements needed for ocean remote sensing of coastal regions, but can

53

Surface Science Letters Scanning tunneling microscopy study of the anatase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

understand, and ultimately im- prove, the performance of TiO2 as a gas sensor or heterogeneous catalyst and as a photo-active ma- terial. TiO2 exists in three crystallographic poly- morphs. These are: anatase promise as a more photo-active material than rutile [2], but relatively few surface studies have been

Diebold, Ulrike

54

Surface Science 262 (1992) 351-358 North-Holland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). For a low CO exposure (2 2 L) at a sample temperature into two peaks at 2031 and 2014 cm-' upon heating to 160 K due to the formation of ordered CO islands studied the adsorption of CO on clean and on C-, 0- and H-precovered Mo(ll0) surfaces using infrared

Goodman, Wayne

55

A SURFACE SCIENCE APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF UNDERPOTENTIAL DEPOSITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectroscopy (AES) analysis, work function measurements and photoemission studies have shown that a complete Cu the electrooxidative desorption of Cu. * Current Address: DuPont Chemicals, Jackson Laboratory, Chambers Works the monometallic surfaces. The modification of the metal substrate at the gas-solid interface is usually

Goodman, Wayne

56

Overview of surface science and catalysis by Qifei Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surfaces: single crystal transition metals, metal nanoparticles (Au), metal oxides, sulfides, carbides: · Metcars are the better catalysts for HDS than the other metal carbide materials. · Metcars have better: Sulfides (RuS2), carbides (MoC, TiC) #12;Density Functional Theory in Catalysis Employ DFT to understand

57

Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan, final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project, “Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan” was carried out in two phases: (1) the 2009 – 2012 renovation of space in the new EMU Science Complex, which included the Surface Science Laboratory (SSL), a very vigorous research lab at EMU that carries on a variety of research projects to serve the auto and other industries in Michigan; and (2) the 2013 purchase of several pieces of equipment to further enhance the research capability of the SSL. The funding granted by the DoE was proposed to “renovate the space in the Science Complex to include SSL and purchase equipment for tribological and electrochemical impedance measurements in the lab, thus SSL will serve the auto and other industries in Michigan better.” We believe we have fully accomplished the mission.

Shen, Weidian

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

58

ATOMIC FORCE LITHOGRAPHY OF NANO MICROFLUIDIC CHANNELS FOR VERIFICATION AND MONITORING IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growing interest in the physics of fluidic flow in nanoscale channels, as well as the possibility for high sensitive detection of ions and single molecules is driving the development of nanofluidic channels. The enrichment of charged analytes due to electric field-controlled flow and surface charge/dipole interactions along the channel can lead to enhancement of sensitivity and limits-of-detection in sensor instruments. Nuclear material processing, waste remediation, and nuclear non-proliferation applications can greatly benefit from this capability. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) provides a low-cost alternative for the machining of disposable nanochannels. The small AFM tip diameter (< 10 nm) can provide for features at scales restricted in conventional optical and electron-beam lithography. This work presents preliminary results on the fabrication of nano/microfluidic channels on polymer films deposited on quartz substrates by AFM lithography.

Torres, R.; Mendez-Torres, A.; Lam, P.

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

ATOMIC FORCE LITHOGRAPHY OF NANO/MICROFLUIDIC CHANNELS FOR VERIFICATION AND MONITORING OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growing interest in the physics of fluidic flow in nanoscale channels, as well as the possibility for high sensitive detection of ions and single molecules is driving the development of nanofluidic channels. The enrichment of charged analytes due to electric field-controlled flow and surface charge/dipole interactions along the channel can lead to enhancement of sensitivity and limits-of-detection in sensor instruments. Nuclear material processing, waste remediation, and nuclear non-proliferation applications can greatly benefit from this capability. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) provides a low-cost alternative for the machining of disposable nanochannels. The small AFM tip diameter (< 10 nm) can provide for features at scales restricted in conventional optical and electron-beam lithography. This work presents preliminary results on the fabrication of nano/microfluidic channels on polymer films deposited on quartz substrates by AFM lithography.

Mendez-Torres, A.; Torres, R.; Lam, P.

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: The Effects of Surface  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD) by Microtops AtmosphericApplication andAnthe Infrared Land Surface

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Surface Science 175 (1986) 215-225 North-Holland, Amsterdam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Tropsch, and ammonia synthesis. The penetration of hydrogen into the bulk causing embrittlement of materialsSurface Science 175 (1986) 215-225 North-Holland, Amsterdam 215 KINETICS OF HYDROGEN ABSORPTION The kinetics of hydrogen absorption by Pd(ll0) have been measured as a function of impurity sulfur coverage

Goodman, Wayne

62

Evolving research directions in Surface OceanLower Atmosphere (SOLAS) science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evolving research directions in Surface Ocean­Lower Atmosphere (SOLAS) science Cliff S. Law. Understanding the exchange of energy, gases and particles at the ocean­atmosphere interface is critical­Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS) coordinates multi-disciplinary ocean­ atmosphere research projects that quantify

63

A surface science investigation of silicon carbide: Oxidation, crystal growth and surface structural analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the semiconductor SiC to fulfill its potential as an electronic material, methods must be developed to produce insulating surface oxide layers in a reproducible fashion. Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to investigate the oxidation of single crystal {alpha}-SiC over a wide temperature and O{sub 2} pressure range. The {alpha}-SiC surface becomes graphitic at high temperatures and low O{sub 2} pressures due to Si and SiO sublimation from the surface. Amorphous SiO{sub 2} surface layers from on {alpha}-SiC at elevated O{sub 2} pressures and temperatures. Both the graphitization and oxidation of {alpha}-SiC appears to be enhanced by surface roughness. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is currently the preferred method of producing single crystal SiC, although the method is slow and prone to contamination. We have attempted to produce SiC films at lower temperatures and higher deposition rates using plasma enhanced CVD with CH{sub 3}SiH{sub 3}. Scanning AES, XPS and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were utilized to study the composition and morphology of the deposited Si{sub x}C{sub y}H{sub z} films as a function of substrate temperature, plasma power and ion flux bombardment of the film during deposition. High energy ion bombardment during deposition was found to increase film density and substrate adhesion while simultaneously reducing hydrogen and oxygen incorporation in the film. Under all deposition conditions the Si{sub x}C{sub y}H{sub z} films were found to be amorphous, with the ion bombarded films showing promise as hard protective coatings. Studies with LEED and AES have shown that {beta}-SiC (100) exhibits multiple surface reconstructions, depending on the surface composition. These surface reconstructions possess substantially different surface reactivities at elevated temperatures, which can complicate the fabrication of metal on SiC junctions.

Powers, J.M.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Surface Science Reports 64 (2009) 233254 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these systems. The role of surfaces in these small-scale systems has led to natural interest in developing purification Energy generation a b s t r a c t Phenomena in microsystems and nanosystems are influenced

65

Photoresist composition for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing a patterned array of features, in particular, gate apertures, in the size range 0.4-0.05 .mu.m using projection lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation. A high energy laser beam is used to vaporize a target material in order to produce a plasma which in turn, produces extreme ultraviolet radiation of a characteristic wavelength of about 13 nm for lithographic applications. The radiation is transmitted by a series of reflective mirrors to a mask which bears the pattern to be printed. The demagnified focused mask pattern is, in turn, transmitted by means of appropriate optics and in a single exposure, to a substrate coated with photoresists designed to be transparent to EUV radiation and also satisfy conventional processing methods. A photoresist composition for extreme ultraviolet radiation of boron carbide polymers, hydrochlorocarbons and mixtures thereof.

Felter, T. E. (Alameda County, CA); Kubiak, G. D. (Alameda County, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Surface Science 415 (1998) 363375 Epitaxial growth of Cu onto Si(111) surfaces at low temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 10 and 3 monolayers (ML), respectively. This change is attributed to the silicide formation on the Si(111)-(7�7) surface at 160 K is proposed. The changes in periodicity are due to the silicide rights reserved. Keywords: Copper; Epitaxy; Electron­solid diffraction; Metallic films; Metal

Hasegawa, Shuji

67

Two-dimensional Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Nanoimprint Lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the process parameters of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) for the fabrication of two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystals. The nickel mould with 2-D photonic crystal patterns covering the area up to 20mm˛ is ...

Chen, A.

68

Achieving sub-10-nm resolution using scanning electron beam lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving the highest possible resolution using scanning-electron-beam lithography (SEBL) has become an increasingly urgent problem in recent years, as advances in various nanotechnology applications have driven demand for ...

Cord, Bryan M. (Bryan Michael), 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Applied Surface Science 263 (2012) 712721 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ties make Pd a very useful element in a wide range of applications such as fuel cell catalysts [14 structures show promise in future applications such as sensors, water purification systems, fuel cell], sensors [15], dechlorination catalysts [16], and hydrogen storage media [17,18]. For surface dependent

Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.

70

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS AND ENGULFMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS,2] that there were three important factors to consider in the mechanism of phagocytosis; these were surface tension] and Fowkes [10] then linked the Hamaker Constant to the dispersion contribution to surface tension. Van Oss

Schofield, Andrew B.

71

SURFACE SCIENCE, WETTING, CONDENSATION, ENGINEERED Correspondence and requests for materials: konradr@asu.edu and varanasi@mit.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coefficients has potential for efficiency enhancements. Here we investigate condensation behavior of a variety of fluids with high or moderate surface tension27­31 or Marangoni dropwise condensation of binary mixtures1 SURFACE SCIENCE, WETTING, CONDENSATION, ENGINEERED SURFACES Correspondence and requests

72

Enhancing the science return of Mars missions via sample preparation, robotic surface exploration and in orbit fuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The future of Mars exploration is challenging from multiple points of view. To enhance their science return, future surface probes will most likely be equipped with complex Sample Preparation And Transfer (SPAT) facilities. ...

Lamamy, Julien-Alexandre, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Pattern-placement-error detection for spatial-phase-locked e-beam lithography (SPLEBL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography (SPLEBL) is a new paradigm for scanning electron-beam lithography (SEBL) that permits nanometer-level pattern placement accuracy. Unlike conventional SEBL systems which run ...

Caramana, Cynthia L. (Cynthia Louise), 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture lithography ppal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut Collection: Engineering 26 Immersion fluids for lithography: refractive index measurement using...

75

Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, first half FY 1992. Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains sections on: Fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals; interfaces, adhesion, and bonding; energetic materials; plutonium research; synchrotron radiation-based materials science; atomistic approach to the interaction of surfaces with the environment: actinide studies; properties of carbon fibers; buried layer formation using ion implantation; active coherent control of chemical reaction dynamics; inorganic and organic aerogels; synthesis and characterization of melamine-formaldehyde aerogels; structural transformation and precursor phenomena in advanced materials; magnetic ultrathin films, surfaces, and overlayers; ductile-phase toughening of refractory-metal intermetallics; particle-solid interactions; electronic structure evolution of metal clusters; and nanoscale lithography induced chemically or physically by modified scanned probe microscopy.

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

On the design of capillary and effusive gas dosers for surface science D. E. Kuhl and R. G. Tobina)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the design of capillary and effusive gas dosers for surface science D. E. Kuhl and R. G. Tobina the sample. Additional effects due to trapping by cold surfaces in the chamber and multiple collisions on the chamber walls, very high flux levels---it is necessary to use a doser that provides a high flux

Tobin, Roger G.

77

Condenser for extreme-UV lithography with discharge source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Condenser system, for use with a ringfield camera in projection lithography, employs quasi grazing-incidence collector mirrors that are coated with a suitable reflective metal such as ruthenium to collect radiation from a discharge source to minimize the effect of contaminant accumulation on the collecting mirrors.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Kubiak, Glenn D. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Diffractive element in extreme-UV lithography condenser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Condensers having a mirror with a diffraction grating in projection lithography using extreme ultra-violet significantly enhances critical dimension control. The diffraction grating has the effect of smoothing the illumination at the camera's entrance pupil with minimum light loss. Modeling suggests that critical dimension control for 100 nm features can be improved from 3 nm to less than about 0.5 nm.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhurl, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Ultratech Develops an Improved Lithography Tool for LED Wafer Manufacturing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Ultratech modified an existing lithography tool used for semiconductor manufacturing to better meet the cost and performance targets of the high-brightness LED manufacturing industry. The goal was to make the equipment compatible with the wide range of substrate diameters and thicknesses prevalent in the industry while reducing the capital cost and the overall cost of ownership (COO).

80

Diffractive element in extreme-UV lithography condenser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Condensers having a mirror with a diffraction grating in projection lithography using extreme ultra-violet significantly enhances critical dimension control. The diffraction grating has the effect of smoothing the illumination at the camera's entrance pupil with minimum light loss. Modeling suggests that critical dimension control for 100 nm features can be improved from 3 nm to less than about 0.5 nm.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Digital microfluidics using soft lithography{ John Paul Urbanski,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital microfluidics using soft lithography{ John Paul Urbanski,a William Thies,b Christopher published as an Advance Article on the web 29th November 2005 DOI: 10.1039/b510127a Although microfluidic software to drive the pumps, valves, and electrodes used to manipulate fluids in microfluidic devices

Amarasinghe, Saman

82

Resolution Improvement and Pattern Generator Development for theMaskless Micro-Ion-Beam Reduction Lithography System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The shrinking of IC devices has followed the Moore's Law for over three decades, which states that the density of transistors on integrated circuits will double about every two years. This great achievement is obtained via continuous advance in lithography technology. With the adoption of complicated resolution enhancement technologies, such as the phase shifting mask (PSM), the optical proximity correction (OPC), optical lithography with wavelength of 193 nm has enabled 45 nm printing by immersion method. However, this achievement comes together with the skyrocketing cost of masks, which makes the production of low volume application-specific IC (ASIC) impractical. In order to provide an economical lithography approach for low to medium volume advanced IC fabrication, a maskless ion beam lithography method, called Maskless Micro-ion-beam Reduction Lithography (MMRL), has been developed in the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The development of the prototype MMRL system has been described by Dr. Vinh Van Ngo in his Ph.D. thesis. But the resolution realized on the prototype MMRL system was far from the design expectation. In order to improve the resolution of the MMRL system, the ion optical system has been investigated. By integrating a field-free limiting aperture into the optical column, reducing the electromagnetic interference and cleaning the RF plasma, the resolution has been improved to around 50 nm. Computational analysis indicates that the MMRL system can be operated with an exposure field size of 0.25 mm and a beam half angle of 1.0 mrad on the wafer plane. Ion-ion interactions have been studied with a two-particle physics model. The results are in excellent agreement with those published by the other research groups. The charge-interaction analysis of MMRL shows that the ion-ion interactions must be reduced in order to obtain a throughput higher than 10 wafers per hour on 300-mm wafers. In addition, two different maskless lithography strategies have been studied. The dependence of the throughput with the exposure field size and the speed of the mechanical stage has been investigated. In order to perform maskless lithography, different micro-fabricated pattern generators have been developed for the MMRL system. Ion beamlet switching has been successfully demonstrated on the MMRL system. A positive bias voltage around 10 volts is sufficient to switch off the ion current on the micro-fabricated pattern generators. Some unexpected problems, such as the high-energy secondary electron radiations, have been discovered during the experimental investigation. Thermal and structural analysis indicates that the aperture displacement error induced by thermal expansion can satisfy the 3{delta} CD requirement for lithography nodes down to 25 nm. The cross-talking effect near the surface and inside the apertures of the pattern generator has been simulated in a 3-D ray-tracing code. New pattern generator design has been proposed to reduce the cross-talking effect. In order to eliminate the surface charging effect caused by the secondary electrons, a new beam-switching scheme in which the switching electrodes are immersed in the plasma has been demonstrated on a mechanically fabricated pattern generator.

Jiang, Ximan

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

83

Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surfaces is a collection of four individual essays which focus on the characteristics and tactile qualities of surfaces within a variety of perceived landscapes. Each essay concentrates on a unique surface theme and purpose; ...

DeMaio, Ernest Vincent, 1964-

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Development of free-electron lasers for xuv projection lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future rf-linac-driven FELs, operating in the range from 4 nm to 100 nm, could be excellent exposure tools for extending the resolution limit of projection optical lithography to {le}0.1 {mu}m and with adequate total depth of focus (1 to 2 {mu}m). When operated at a moderate duty rate of {ge}1%, XUV FELs should be able to supply sufficient average power to support high-volume chip production. Recent developments of the electron beam, magnetic undulator, and resonator mirrors are described which raise our expectation that FEL operation below 100 nm is almost ready for demonstration. Included as a supplement is a review of initial design studies of the reflecting XUV projection optics, fabrication of reflection masks, characterization of photoresists, and the first experimental demonstrations of the capability of projection lithography with 14-nm radiation to produce lines and spaces as small as 0.05 {mu}m. 88 refs., 10 figs.

Newnam, B.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Condenser for ring-field deep-ultraviolet and extreme-ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A condenser for use with a ring-field deep ultraviolet or extreme ultraviolet lithography system. A condenser includes a ripple-plate mirror which is illuminated by a collimated beam at grazing incidence. The ripple plate comprises a plate mirror into which is formed a series of channels along an axis of the mirror to produce a series of concave surfaces in an undulating pattern. Light incident along the channels of the mirror is reflected onto a series of cones. The distribution of slopes on the ripple plate leads to a distribution of angles of reflection of the incident beam. This distribution has the form of an arc, with the extremes of the arc given by the greatest slope in the ripple plate. An imaging mirror focuses this distribution to a ring-field arc at the mask plane.

Chapman, Henry N. (Livermore, CA); Nugent, Keith A. (North Fitzroy, AU)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Condenser for ring-field deep ultraviolet and extreme ultraviolet lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A condenser for use with a ring-field deep ultraviolet or extreme ultraviolet lithography system. A condenser includes a ripple-plate mirror which is illuminated by a collimated or converging beam at grazing incidence. The ripple plate comprises a flat or curved plate mirror into which is formed a series of channels along an axis of the mirror to produce a series of concave surfaces in an undulating pattern. Light incident along the channels of the mirror is reflected onto a series of cones. The distribution of slopes on the ripple plate leads to a distribution of angles of reflection of the incident beam. This distribution has the form of an arc, with the extremes of the arc given by the greatest slope in the ripple plate. An imaging mirror focuses this distribution to a ring-field arc at the mask plane.

Chapman, Henry N. (Livermore, CA); Nugent, Keith A. (North Fitzroy, AU)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Low Cost Lithography Tool for High Brightness LED Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this activity was to address the need for improved manufacturing tools for LEDs. Improvements include lower cost (both capital equipment cost reductions and cost-ofownership reductions), better automation and better yields. To meet the DOE objective of $1- 2/kilolumen, it will be necessary to develop these highly automated manufacturing tools. Lithography is used extensively in the fabrication of high-brightness LEDs, but the tools used to date are not scalable to high-volume manufacturing. This activity addressed the LED lithography process. During R&D and low volume manufacturing, most LED companies use contact-printers. However, several industries have shown that these printers are incompatible with high volume manufacturing and the LED industry needs to evolve to projection steppers. The need for projection lithography tools for LED manufacturing is identified in the Solid State Lighting Manufacturing Roadmap Draft, June 2009. The Roadmap states that Projection tools are needed by 2011. This work will modify a stepper, originally designed for semiconductor manufacturing, for use in LED manufacturing. This work addresses improvements to yield, material handling, automation and throughput for LED manufacturing while reducing the capital equipment cost.

Andrew Hawryluk; Emily True

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

88

Patterning Organic Electronics Based on Nanoimprint Lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 3. 2. The fabrication process of OMESFETs with a self-aligned gate electrode. (a) Spin-coat an imprinting resist (PMMA or Teflon) on the Au/Cr surface. (b) Thermally imprint the resist. (c) Remove...-AF film. (d) Remove the Teflon-AF residue layer by oxygen RIE. (e) Spin-coat the PMMA solution on Teflon-AF. (f) Remove the PMMA residue layer by oxygen RIE. (g) Dissolve Teflon-AF by FC-72...

Lo, Yi-Chen

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

89

Resolution limits and process latitude of comformable contact nano-lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conformable Contact Lithography enables researchers to attain high-resolution lithographic patterning at manageable cost. This thesis characterizes the minimum resolvable feature size and process latitude of Conformable ...

Fucetola, Corey Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Nodal photolithography : lithography via far-field optical nodes in the resist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I investigate one approach - stimulated emission depletion - to surmounting the diffraction limitation of optical lithography. This approach uses farfield optical nodes to orchestrate reversible, saturable ...

Winston, Donald, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

X-ray lithography using holographic images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for forming X-ray images having 0.25 .mu.m minimum line widths on X-ray sensitive material are presented. A holgraphic image of a desired circuit pattern is projected onto a wafer or other image-receiving substrate to allow recording of the desired image in photoresist material. In one embodiment, the method uses on-axis transmission and provides a high flux X-ray source having modest monochromaticity and coherence requirements. A layer of light-sensitive photoresist material on a wafer with a selected surface is provided to receive the image(s). The hologram has variable optical thickness and variable associated optical phase angle and amplitude attenuation for transmission of the X-rays. A second embodiment uses off-axis holography. The wafer receives the holographic image by grazing incidence reflection from a hologram printed on a flat metal or other highly reflecting surface or substrate. In this second embodiment, an X-ray beam with a high degree of monochromaticity and spatial coherence is required.

Howells, Malcolm S. (Berkeley, CA); Jacobsen, Chris (Sound Beach, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Computer-Aided Design for Microfluidic Chips Based on Multilayer Soft Lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer-Aided Design for Microfluidic Chips Based on Multilayer Soft Lithography Nada Amin1 Abstract-- Microfluidic chips are emerging as a powerful platform for automating biology experiments automation techniques for microfluidic chips based on multilayer soft lithography. We focus our attention

Rajamani, Sriram K.

93

header for SPIE use Fluoropolymers for 157nm Lithography: Optical Properties from VUV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new radiation damage mechanisms in previously accepted optical materials. For 157 nm pellicles, newheader for SPIE use Fluoropolymers for 157nm Lithography: Optical Properties from VUV Absorbance With the introduction of 157 nm as the next optical lithography wavelength, the need for new pellicle and photoresist

Rollins, Andrew M.

94

A microfluidic microbial fuel cell fabricated by soft lithography Fang Qian a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A microfluidic microbial fuel cell fabricated by soft lithography Fang Qian a,b, , Zhen He c microfluidic microbial fuel cell (MFC) platform built by soft-lithography tech- niques. The MFC design includes a unique sub-5 lL polydimethylsiloxane soft chamber featuring carbon cloth electrodes and microfluidic

95

A laser triggered vacuum spark x-ray lithography source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ionized state or the physical processes occurring 15 in a high temperature plasma. There are many advantages to the use of the vacuum spark as an x-ray source; the simplicity of the machine is one. The x-ray output is within the range usable for x-ray... spark apparatus ha- been studied here to determine its applicability to x-ray lithography. A capacitor which stored approximately 3 KJ supplied most of the energy for the plasma. A Nd-YAG laser was used to supply electrons and metallic atoms...

Keating, Richard Allen

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Quantum lithography with classical light: Generation of arbitrary patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum lithography with classical light: Generation of arbitrary patterns Qingqing Sun,1,2 Philip R. Hemmer,3 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2 1Department of Physics and Institute of Quantum Studies, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843..., Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2733 #1;2000#2;. #3;7#4; S. Kawata, H.-B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, Nature #1;Lon- don#2; 412, 697 #1;2001#2;. #3;8#4; M. D?Angelo, M. V. Chekhova, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013602 #1;2001#2;. #3;9#4; A. Pe?er, B...

Sun, Qingqing; Hemmer, Philip R.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Surface Science Letters Nature of the excited states of the rutile TiO2(110) surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of the electronically excited states on titanium dioxide surface is important for under- standing to the band gap in titanium dioxide that slows down recombina- tion of the electron­hole pair produced upon with adsorbed water molecule. The calculated adsorption energies and geometries are compared with available

Truong, Thanh N.

98

Seventh BES (Basic Energy Sciences) catalysis and surface chemistry research conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research programs on catalysis and surface chemistry are presented. A total of fifty-seven topics are included. Areas of research include heterogeneous catalysis; catalysis in hydrogenation, desulfurization, gasification, and redox reactions; studies of surface properties and surface active sites; catalyst supports; chemical activation, deactivation; selectivity, chemical preparation; molecular structure studies; sorption and dissociation. Individual projects are processed separately for the data bases. (CBS)

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

11. D. E. Smith et al., Science 284, 1495 (1999). 12. M. H. Carr, The Surface of Mars (Yale Univ. Press, New  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11. D. E. Smith et al., Science 284, 1495 (1999). 12. M. H. Carr, The Surface of Mars (Yale Univ. Solomon, J. W. Head, C. H. Thurber, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 3049 (1985); M. T. Zuber, D. E. Smith, F. G, Rock Mag- netism (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1997)]. 28. D. E. Smith et al., Science 279, 1686

Li, Zhanqing

100

Critical illumination condenser for x-ray lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A critical illumination condenser system, particularly adapted for use in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) projection lithography based on a ring field imaging system and a laser produced plasma source. The system uses three spherical mirrors and is capable of illuminating the extent of the mask plane by scanning either the primary mirror or the laser plasma source. The angles of radiation incident upon each mirror of the critical illumination condenser vary by less than eight (8) degrees. For example, the imaging system in which the critical illumination condenser is utilized has a 200 .mu.m source and requires a magnification of 26.times.. The three spherical mirror system constitutes a two mirror inverse Cassegrain, or Schwarzschild configuration, with a 25% area obstruction (50% linear obstruction). The third mirror provides the final pupil and image relay. The mirrors include a multilayer reflective coating which is reflective over a narrow bandwidth.

Cohen, Simon J. (Pleasanton, CA); Seppala, Lynn G. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Critical illumination condenser for x-ray lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A critical illumination condenser system is disclosed, particularly adapted for use in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) projection lithography based on a ring field imaging system and a laser produced plasma source. The system uses three spherical mirrors and is capable of illuminating the extent of the mask plane by scanning either the primary mirror or the laser plasma source. The angles of radiation incident upon each mirror of the critical illumination condenser vary by less than eight (8) degrees. For example, the imaging system in which the critical illumination condenser is utilized has a 200 {micro}m source and requires a magnification of 26. The three spherical mirror system constitutes a two mirror inverse Cassegrain, or Schwarzschild configuration, with a 25% area obstruction (50% linear obstruction). The third mirror provides the final pupil and image relay. The mirrors include a multilayer reflective coating which is reflective over a narrow bandwidth. 6 figs.

Cohen, S.J.; Seppala, L.G.

1998-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

102

Soft x-ray reduction camera for submicron lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Soft x-ray projection lithography can be performed using x-ray optical components and spherical imaging lenses (mirrors), which form an x-ray reduction camera. The x-ray reduction is capable of projecting a 5x demagnified image of a mask onto a resist coated wafer using 4.5 nm radiation. The diffraction limited resolution of this design is about 135 nm with a depth of field of about 2.8 microns and a field of view of 0.2 cm.sup.2. X-ray reflecting masks (patterned x-ray multilayer mirrors) which are fabricated on thick substrates and can be made relatively distortion free are used, with a laser produced plasma for the source. Higher resolution and/or larger areas are possible by varying the optic figures of the components and source characteristics.

Hawryluk, Andrew M. (2708 Rembrandt Pl., Modesto, CA 95356); Seppala, Lynn G. (7911 Mines Rd., Livermore, CA 94550)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Soft x-ray reduction camera for submicron lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Soft x-ray projection lithography can be performed using x-ray optical components and spherical imaging lenses (mirrors), which form an x-ray reduction camera. The x-ray reduction is capable of projecting a 5x demagnified image of a mask onto a resist coated wafer using 4.5 nm radiation. The diffraction limited resolution of this design is about 135 nm with a depth of field of about 2.8 microns and a field of view of 0.2 cm[sup 2]. X-ray reflecting masks (patterned x-ray multilayer mirrors) which are fabricated on thick substrates and can be made relatively distortion free are used, with a laser produced plasma for the source. Higher resolution and/or larger areas are possible by varying the optic figures of the components and source characteristics. 9 figures.

Hawryluk, A.M.; Seppala, L.G.

1991-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

104

Surface Science 150 (1985) 351-357 North-Holland, Amsterdam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with this reaction compare favorably with the corresponding values found for high-area, supported nickel catalysts and coworkers have 12-43 mod- eled nickel and ruthenium high-surface-area catalysts with Ni and Ru single chosen for study is carbon monoxide methanation CO+3H,+CH4+H,0. (1) Studies of this reaction over high-surface-area

Goodman, Wayne

105

JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 24, 1771-1785 (2008) A New Seed-Set Finding Approach for Iso-Surface Extraction*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approach for Iso-Surface Extraction* CHUAN-KAI YANG AND CHIANG-HAN HUNG Department of Information Management National Taiwan University of Science and Technology Taipei, 106 Taiwan Iso-surface extraction is one of the most important approaches for volume rendering, and iso-contouring is one of the most

Wang, Hsin-Min

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Contact region fidelity, sensitivity, and control in roll-based soft lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soft lithography is a printing process that uses small features on an elastomeric stamp to transfer micron and sub-micron patterns to a substrate. Translating this lab scale process to a roll-based manufacturing platform ...

Petrzelka, Joseph E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

SGP Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC): Science and Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign is a field experiment designed to collect a comprehensive data set that can be used to quantify the interactions that occur between the atmosphere, biosphere, land surface, and subsurface. A particular focus will be on how these interactions modulate the abundance and characteristics of small and medium size cumuliform clouds that are generated by local convection. These interactions are not well understood and are responsible for large uncertainties in global climate models, which are used to forecast future climate states. The campaign will be conducted from June 8 to June 30, 2007, at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Southern Great Plains site. Data will be collected using eight aircraft equipped with a variety of specialized sensors, four specially instrumented surface sites, and two prototype surface radar systems. The architecture of Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign includes a high-altitude surveillance aircraft and enhanced vertical thermodynamic and wind profile measurements that will characterize the synoptic scale structure of the clouds and the land surface within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Southern Great Plains site. Mesoscale and microscale structures will be sampled with a variety of aircraft, surface, and radar observations.

MA Miller; R Avissar; LK Berg; SA Edgerton; ML Fischer; T Jackson; B.Kustas; PJ Lamb; GM McFarquhar; Q Min; B Schmid; MS Torn; DD Turner

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

M&A For Lithography Of Sparse Arrays Of Sub-Micrometer Features  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatuses are disclosed for the exposure of sparse hole and/or mesa arrays with line:space ratios of 1:3 or greater and sub-micrometer hole and/or mesa diameters in a layer of photosensitive material atop a layered material. Methods disclosed include: double exposure interferometric lithography pairs in which only those areas near the overlapping maxima of each single-period exposure pair receive a clearing exposure dose; double interferometric lithography exposure pairs with additional processing steps to transfer the array from a first single-period interferometric lithography exposure pair into an intermediate mask layer and a second single-period interferometric lithography exposure to further select a subset of the first array of holes; a double exposure of a single period interferometric lithography exposure pair to define a dense array of sub-micrometer holes and an optical lithography exposure in which only those holes near maxima of both exposures receive a clearing exposure dose; combination of a single-period interferometric exposure pair, processing to transfer resulting dense array of sub-micrometer holes into an intermediate etch mask, and an optical lithography exposure to select a subset of initial array to form a sparse array; combination of an optical exposure, transfer of exposure pattern into an intermediate mask layer, and a single-period interferometric lithography exposure pair; three-beam interferometric exposure pairs to form sparse arrays of sub-micrometer holes; five- and four-beam interferometric exposures to form a sparse array of sub-micrometer holes in a single exposure. Apparatuses disclosed include arrangements for the three-beam, five-beam and four-beam interferometric exposures.

Brueck, Steven R.J. (Albuquerque, NM); Chen, Xiaolan (Albuquerque, NM); Zaidi, Saleem (Albuquerque, NM); Devine, Daniel J. (Los Gatos, CA)

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

109

Surface Science Perspectives Dispersed Au atoms, supported on TiO2(110)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

activation energy for the oxidation of carbon monoxide? Many factors could con- tribute. For example); Catalysis; Gold; Titanium oxide; Surface defects At the end of the 1980s Haruta and coworkers made

Diebold, Ulrike

110

Diphosphine Dioxide Cages and Hydrogen Peroxide Adducts of Phosphine Oxides: Syntheses and Applications in Surface Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in HRMAS NMR spectra the reduction of the originally large CSA, the residual halfwidth, as well as the downfield shift of the signals when adsorbing phosphine oxides on silica surfaces are most indicative. This research provides new insights regarding...

Hilliard, Casie Renee

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

111

Surface Science 437 (1999) 173190 www.elsevier.nl/locate/susc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surfaces. Titanium dioxide has important [1]. Since this time, its popularity has increased steadily, and to exploreperform experiments on a `well-characterized' system. For example, adsorption of water [2­5], its

Diebold, Ulrike

112

4th-International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Science - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 4-th International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Dynamics (UDS4) was held at the Telluride Summer Research Center on June 22-27, 2003. The International Organizing Committee consisting of Hrvoje Petek (USA), Xiaoyang Zhu (USA), Pedro Echenique (Spain) and Maki Kawai (Japan) brought together a total of 51 participants 16 of whom were from Europe, 10 from Japan, and 25 from the USA. The focus of the conference was on ultrafast electron or light induced processes at well-defined surfaces. Ultrafast surface dynamics concerns the transfer of charge and energy at solid surfaces on the femtosecond time scale. These processes govern rates of fundamental steps in surface reactions, interfacial electron transfer in molecular electronics, and relaxation in spin transport. Recent developments in femtosecond laser technology make it possible to measure by a variety of nonlinear optical techniques directly in the time domain the microscopic rates underlying these interfacial processes. Parallel progress in scanning probe microscopy makes it possible at a single molecular level to perform the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy measurements, to induce reactions with tunneling electrons, and to observe their outcome. There is no doubt that successful development in the field of ultrafast surface dynamics will contribute to many important disciplines.

Hrvoje Petek

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Evolution of the Surface Science of Catalysis from Single Crystals to Metal Nanoparticles under Pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vacuum studies of metal single crystal surfaces using electron and molecular beam scattering revealed that the surface atoms relocate when the surface is clean (reconstruction) and when it is covered by adsorbates (adsorbate induced restructuring). It was also discovered that atomic steps and other low coordination surface sites are active for breaking chemical bonds (H-H, O=O, C-H, C=O and C-C) with high reaction probability. Investigations at high reactant pressures using sum frequency generation (SFG)--vibrational spectroscopy and high pressure scanning tunneling microscopy (HPSTM) revealed bond breaking at low reaction probability sites on the adsorbate-covered metal surface, and the need for adsorbate mobility for continued turnover. Since most catalysts (heterogeneous, enzyme and homogeneous) are nanoparticles, colloid synthesis methods were developed to produce monodispersed metal nanoparticles in the 1-10 nm range and controlled shapes to use them as new model catalyst systems in two-dimensional thin film form or deposited in mesoporous three-dimensional oxides. Studies of reaction selectivity in multipath reactions (hydrogenation of benzene, cyclohexene and crotonaldehyde) showed that reaction selectivity depends on both nanoparticle size and shape. The oxide-metal nanoparticle interface was found to be an important catalytic site because of the hot electron flow induced by exothermic reactions like carbon monoxide oxidation.

Somorjai, Gabor A.; Park, Jeong Y.

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

114

Surface science analysis of GaAs photocathodes following sustained electron beam delivery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Degradation of the photocathode materials employed in photoinjectors represents a challenge for sustained operation of nuclear physics accelerators and high power Free Electron Lasers (FEL). Photocathode quantum efficiency (QE) degradation is due to residual gasses in the electron source vacuum system being ionized and accelerated back to the photocathode. These investigations are a first attempt to characterize the nature of the photocathode degradation, and employ multiple surface and bulk analysis techniques to investigate damage mechanisms including sputtering of the Cs-oxidant surface monolayer, other surface chemistry effects, and ion implantation. Surface and bulk analysis studies were conducted on two GaAs photocathodes, which were removed from the JLab FEL DC photoemission gun after delivering electron beam, and two control samples. The analysis techniques include Helium Ion Microscopy (HIM), Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). In addition, two high-polarization strained superlattice GaAs photocathode samples, one removed from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) photoinjector and one unused, were also analyzed using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and SIMS. It was found that heat cleaning the FEL GaAs wafer introduces surface roughness, which seems to be reduced by prolonged use. The bulk GaAs samples retained a fairly well organized crystalline structure after delivering beam but shows evidence of Cs depletion on the surface. Within the precision of the SIMS and RBS measurements the data showed no indication of hydrogen implantation or lattice damage from ion back bombardment in the bulk GaAs wafers. In contrast, SIMS and TEM measurements of the strained superlattice photocathode show clear crystal damage in the wafer from ion back bombardment.

Carlos Hernandez-Garcia, Fay Hannon, Marcy Stutzman, V. Shutthanandan, Z. Zhu, M. Nandasri, S. V. Kuchibhatla, S. Thevuthasan, W. P. Hess

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Soft Lithography Using Acryloxy Perfluoropolyether Composite Tu T. Truong, Rongsheng Lin, Seokwoo Jeon, Hee Hyun Lee, Joana Maria,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soft Lithography Using Acryloxy Perfluoropolyether Composite Stamps Tu T. Truong, Rongsheng Lin composite patterning elements that use a commercially available acryloxy perfluoropolyether (a

Rogers, John A.

116

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano-clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at sub-micron width, millimeter long, were obtained experimentally, with line width determined are often used as convenient model systems for industrial supported catalysts that could be studied under- tal particles supported on high surface area materials, e.g. silica, alumina, titania or carbon, under

Asscher, Micha

117

ELSEVIER Surface Science 303 (lYY4) 206-230 ;,,.;_:_.y y .../. .' ..`,. :> .,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by means of the Fischer- Tropsch technique, and the steam reforming of natural gas to form so-called syngas. Representative examples are the ammonia synthesis via Haber-Bosch, the synthesis of alco- hols and hydrocarbons of products, and (7) diffusion of products from the surface. One typically treats these elementary reactions

Miller, William H.

118

Fundamentals of embossing nanoimprint lithography in polymer substrates.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The convergence of micro-/nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) and biomedical industries is creating a need for innovation and discovery around materials, particularly in miniaturized systems that use polymers as the primary substrate. Polymers are ubiquitous in the microelectronics industry and are used as sensing materials, lithography tools, replication molds, microfluidics, nanofluidics, and biomedical devices. This diverse set of operational requirements dictates that the materials employed must possess different properties in order to reduce the cost of production, decrease the scale of devices to the appropriate degree, and generate engineered devices with new functional properties at cost-competitive levels of production. Nanoscale control of polymer deformation at a massive scale would enable breakthroughs in all of the aforementioned applications, but is currently beyond the current capabilities of mass manufacturing. This project was focused on developing a fundamental understanding of how polymers behave under different loads and environments at the nanoscale in terms of performance and fidelity in order to fill the most critical gaps in our current knowledgebase on this topic.

Simmons, Blake Alexander; King, William P. (University of Illinois, Urbana IL)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Surface Science Analysis of GaAs Photocathodes Following Sustained Electron Beam Delivery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Degradation of the photocathode materials employed in photoinjectors represents a challenge for sustained operation of nuclear physics accelerators and high power Free Electron Lasers (FEL). Several photocathode degradation processes are suspected, including defect formation by ion back bombardment, photochemistry of surface adsorbed species and irradiation-induced surface defect formation. To better understand the mechanisms of photocathode degradation, we have conducted surface and bulk analysis studies of two GaAs photocathodes removed from the FEL photoinjector after delivering electron beam for a few years. The analysis techniques include Helium Ion Microscopy (HIM), Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). In addition, strained super-lattice GaAs photocathode samples, removed from the CEBAF photoinjector were analyzed using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and SIMS. This analysis of photocathode degradation during nominal photoinjector operating conditions represents first steps towards developing robust new photocathode designs necessary for generating sub-micron emittance electron beams required for both fourth generation light sources and intense polarized CW electron beams for nuclear and high energy physics facilities.

Shutthanandan, V.; Zhu, Zihua; Stutzman, Marcy L.; Hannon, Fay; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; Nandasiri, Manjula I.; Kuchibhatla, Satyanarayana V N T; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Hess, Wayne P.

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

120

Molecular Beam and Surface Science Studies of Heterogeneous Reaction Kinetics Including Combustion Dynamics. Final Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program examined the heterogeneous reaction kinetics and reaction dynamics of surface chemical processes which are of direct relevance to efficient energy production, condensed phase reactions, and mateials growth including nanoscience objectives. We have had several notable scientific and technical successes. Illustrative highlights include: (1) a thorough study of how one can efficiently produce synthesis gas (SynGas) at relatively low Rh(111) catalyst temperatures via the reaction CH{sub4}+1/2 O{sub2} {r_arrow} CO+2H{sub2}. In these studies methane activation is accomplished utilizing high-kinetic energy reagents generated via supersonic molecular beams, (2) experiments which have incisively probed the partial oxidation chemistry of adsorbed 1- and 2- butene on Rh and ice, as well as partial oxidation of propene on Au; (3) investigation of structural changes which occur to the reconstructed (23x{radical}3)-Au(111) surface upon exposure to atomic oxygen, (4) a combined experimental and theoretical examination of the fundamental atomic-level rules which govern defect minimization during the formation of self-organizing stepped nanostructures, (5) the use of these relatively defect-free nanotemplates for growing silicon nanowires having atomically-dimensioned widths, (6) a combined scanning probe and atomic beam scattering study of how the presence of self-assembling organic overlayers interact with metallic supports substrates - this work hs led to revision of the currently held view of how such adsorbates reconfigure surface structure at the atomic level, (7) an inelastic He atom scattering study in which we examined the effect of chain length on the low-energy vibrations of alkanethiol striped phase self-assembled monolayers on Au(111), yielding information on the forces that govern interfacial self-assembly, (8) a study of the vibrational properties of disordered films of SF{sub6} adsorbed on Au(111), and (9) a study of the activated chemistry and photochemistry of NO on NiO/Ni. Innovative STM and molecular beam instrumentation has been fabricated to enable this program.

Sibener, S. J.

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearchScheduled System Outages NERSC Scheduled Systemresearch Science

122

Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted for USMaterialstheterahertzonExplore by Subjectsupernova*Science

123

Magnetic anisotropy in a permalloy microgrid fabricated by near-field optical lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication and magnetic properties of permalloy microgrids prepared by near-field optical lithography and characterized using high-sensitivity magneto-optical Kerr effect techniques. A fourfold magnetic anisotropy induced by the grid architecture is identified. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Li, S. P.; Lebib, A.; Peyrade, D.; Natali, M.; Chen, Y.; Lew, W. S.; Bland, J. A. C.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Proton Beam Lithography at the University of Surrey's Ion Beam Centre , I. Gomez-Morilla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Ion Scan software developed by the National University of Singapore [4]. Simulations with the SRIM in photosensitive glass [3]. This technique has clear advantages in comparison with electron beam lithography and X energy protons have a long range and a low lateral spread making them ideal for exposing thick resist

Webb, Roger P.

125

Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene Jules A Gardener1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene Jules A Gardener1 and Jene A Golovchenko1 with a thin ice layer. The irradiated ice plays a crucial role in the process by providing activated species that locally remove graphene from a silicon dioxide substrate. After patterning the graphene, the ice resist

126

Flexible CO2 laser system for fundamental research related to an extreme ultraviolet lithography source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexible CO2 laser system for fundamental research related to an extreme ultraviolet lithography 2009; published online 10 December 2009 A CO2 laser system with flexible parameters was developed 1010 W/cm2 . Utilizing this CO2 MOPA laser system, high conversion efficiency from laser to in-band 2

Najmabadi, Farrokh

127

Fabrication of magnetic microfiltration systems using soft lithography Tao Deng, Mara Prentiss,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The combination of microtransfer molding--a soft lithography technique--and electrodeposition generated nickel, Massachusetts 02138 Received 9 August 2001; accepted for publication 9 November 2001 Arrays of nickel posts were field from an external, permanent, neodymium­iron­boron magnet, these nickel posts generated strong

Prentiss, Mara

128

Low-voltage spatial-phase-locked scanning-electron-beam lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography (SPLEBL) is a method that tracks and corrects the position of an electron-beam in real-time by using a reference grid placed above the electron-beam resist. In this thesis, ...

Cheong, Lin Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Toward Optimized Light Utilization in Nanowire Arrays Using Scalable Nanosphere Lithography and Selected Area Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can have application in high-throughput and low-cost optoelectronic devices, including solar cellsToward Optimized Light Utilization in Nanowire Arrays Using Scalable Nanosphere Lithography promising results when used to fabricate light emitters6-10 and photovoltaic devices.11-15 The small contact

Zhou, Chongwu

130

Design and analysis of a scanning beam interference lithography system for patterning gratings with nanometer-level distortions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design and analysis of a system for patterning large-area gratings with nanometer level phase distortions. The novel patterning method, termed scanning beam interference lithography (SBIL), uses ...

Konkola, Paul Thomas, 1973-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Theoretical efficiency analysis of a condenser-embedded grating-based spectral purity filter for EUV lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Being based on reflective optics, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography systems are, in principle, relatively immune to chromatic errors. However, illumination bandwidth control is still required for EUV lithography. For example, appreciable amounts of UV power, combined with resist sensitivity to this wavelength band, would decrease image contrast. Also, appreciable amounts of IR power would place unacceptable thermal loads on the projection optics. A practical method for spectral filtering, widely used in short-wavelength synchrotron applications, is the grating monochromator. Here we present the theoretical performance analysis of a grating-based spectral purity filter integrated into an EUV lithography condenser system. Although the specific examples presented here are geared towards a specific condenser design, it should be noted that the methods described are generally applicable to a variety of condenser designs as might be found in future EUV lithography systems.

Naulleau, Patrick P.; Sweatt, William C.; Tichenor, Daniel A.

2002-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

Zhang, Guangyu

133

2D and 3D periodic templates through holographic interference lithography : photonic and phononic crystals and biomimetic microlens arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis a simple technique for controlling structure via holographic interference lithography was established and implemented. Access to various space groups including such important structures as the level set ...

Ullal, Chaitanya K. (Chaitanya Kishore)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.

Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.

Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

136

Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.

Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

Selectively patterning polymer opal films via microimprint lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

functional patterning of such POFs. 2.1. Microimprinting of Polymer Opal Films The stamps used for imprinting are made by replicating a PDMS mold with epoxy resin. The initial stamp used comprises of a hexagonal array of 30 ?m high posts with diameter... the polymer opal surface to allow the microimprinting process. Microimprinting of Polymer Opal Films: The stamps used for microimprinting were made by replicating PDMS molds with epoxy resin (Sigma-Aldrich Epoxy Embedding Medium Kit). The stamps...

Ding, Tao; Zhao, Qibin; Smoukov, Stoyan; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Nanoimprint Lithography of Al Nanovoids for Deep-UV SERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., Near-Field Enhanced Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Spectroscopy Using Aluminum Bow-Tie Nano-Antenna. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2012, 101, 113116. (18) Jha, S. K.; Ahmed, Z.; Agio, M.; Ekinci, Y.; Löffler, J. F., Deep-UV Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman... , G.; Colličre, V.; Lacroix, L. M.; Shafeev, G. A., Internal Structure of Al Hollow Nanoparticles Generated by Laser Ablation in Liquid Ethanol. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2011, 501, 419-422. (25) Maidecchi, G.; Gonella, G.; Proietti Zaccaria, R.; Moroni, R...

Ding, Tao; Sigle, Daniel O.; Herrmann, Lars O.; Wolverson, Daniel; Baumberg, Jeremy

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

139

Low thermal distortion extreme-UV lithography reticle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Low thermal distortion extreme-UV lithography reticle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Low thermal distortion Extreme-UV lithography reticle and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, DOE Computational Materials Science Network - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary of work performed under DOE-CMSN/FG0205ER46227, Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, listing publications, collaborations, and presentations.

Einstein, Theodore L.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Diffraction spectral filter for use in extreme-UV lithography condenser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A condenser system for generating a beam of radiation includes a source of radiation light that generates a continuous spectrum of radiation light; a condenser comprising one or more first optical elements for collecting radiation from the source of radiation light and for generating a beam of radiation; and a diffractive spectral filter for separating first radiation light having a particular wavelength from the continuous spectrum of radiation light. Cooling devices can be employed to remove heat generated. The condenser system can be used with a ringfield camera in projection lithography.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Bernardez, Luis J. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Wafer chamber having a gas curtain for extreme-UV lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An EUVL device includes a wafer chamber that is separated from the upstream optics by a barrier having an aperture that is permeable to the inert gas. Maintaining an inert gas curtain in the proximity of a wafer positioned in a chamber of an extreme ultraviolet lithography device can effectively prevent contaminants from reaching the optics in an extreme ultraviolet photolithography device even though solid window filters are not employed between the source of reflected radiation, e.g., the camera, and the wafer. The inert gas removes the contaminants by entrainment.

Kanouff, Michael P. (Livermore, CA); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the fabrication of two-dimensional periodic photonic nanostructures by nanoimprint lithography and dry etching, and their integration into a 1-{\\mu}m-thin mono-crystalline silicon solar cell. Thanks to the periodic nanopatterning, a better in-coupling and trapping of light is achieved, resulting in an absorption enhancement. The proposed light trapping mechanism can be explained as the superposition of a graded index effect and of the diffraction of light inside the photoactive layer. The absorption enhancement is translated into a 23% increase in short-circuit current, as compared to the benchmark cell, resulting in an increase in energy-conversion efficiency.

Trompoukis, Christos; Depauw, Valérie; Gordon, Ivan; Poortmans, Jef; 10.1063/1.4749810.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Elevating optical activity: Efficient on-edge lithography of three-dimensional starfish metamaterial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an approach for extremely fast, wafer-scale fabrication of chiral starfish metamaterials based on electron beam- and on-edge lithography. A millimeter sized array of both the planar chiral and the true 3D chiral starfish is realized, and their chiroptical performances are compared by circular dichroism measurements. We find optical activity in the visible and near-infrared spectral range, where the 3D starfish clearly outperforms the planar design by almost 2 orders of magnitude, though fabrication efforts are only moderately increased. The presented approach is capable of bridging the gap between high performance optical chiral metamaterials and industrial production by nanoimprint technology.

Dietrich, K., E-mail: dietrich.kay@uni-jena.de; Menzel, C.; Lehr, D.; Puffky, O.; Pertsch, T.; Tünnermann, A.; Kley, E.-B. [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Hübner, U. [Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Straße 9, 07745 Jena (Germany)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

147

Atom Nano-lithography with Multi-layer Light Masks: Particle Optics Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the focusing of atoms by multiple layers of standing light waves in the context of atom lithography. In particular, atomic localization by a double-layer light mask is examined using the optimal squeezing approach. Operation of the focusing setup is analyzed both in the paraxial approximation and in the regime of nonlinear spatial squeezing for the thin-thin as well as thin-thick atom lens combinations. It is shown that the optimized double light mask may considerably reduce the imaging problems, improve the quality of focusing and enhance the contrast ratio of the deposited structures.

R. Arun; I. Sh. Averbukh; T. Pfau

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Fabrication of ZnO photonic crystals by nanosphere lithography using inductively coupled-plasma reactive ion etching with CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar plasma on the ZnO/GaN heterojunction light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article reports fabrication of n-ZnO photonic crystal/p-GaN light emitting diode (LED) by nanosphere lithography to further booster the light efficiency. In this article, the fabrication of ZnO photonic crystals is carried out by nanosphere lithography using inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching with CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar plasma on the n-ZnO/p-GaN heterojunction LEDs. The CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar mixed gas gives high etching rate of n-ZnO film, which yields a better surface morphology and results less plasma-induced damages of the n-ZnO film. Optimal ZnO lattice parameters of 200 nm and air fill factor from 0.35 to 0.65 were obtained from fitting the spectrum of n-ZnO/p-GaN LED using a MATLAB code. In this article, we will show our recent result that a ZnO photonic crystal cylinder has been fabricated using polystyrene nanosphere mask with lattice parameter of 200 nm and radius of hole around 70 nm. Surface morphology of ZnO photonic crystal was examined by scanning electron microscope.

Chen, Shr-Jia; Chang, Chun-Ming; Kao, Jiann-Shiun; Chen, Fu-Rong; Tsai, Chuen-Horng [Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013 Taiwan (China); Instrument Technology Research Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Hsinchu, 300 Taiwan (China); Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013 Taiwan (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Achieving clean epitaxial graphene surfaces suitable for device applications by improved lithographic process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well-known that the performance of graphene electronic devices is often limited by extrinsic scattering related to resist residue from transfer, lithography, and other processes. Here, we report a polymer-assisted fabrication procedure that produces a clean graphene surface following device fabrication by a standard lithography process. The effectiveness of this improved lithography process is demonstrated by examining the temperature dependence of epitaxial graphene-metal contact resistance using the transfer length method for Ti/Au (10?nm/50?nm) metallization. The Landauer-Buttiker model was used to explain carrier transport at the graphene-metal interface as a function of temperature. At room temperature, a contact resistance of 140 ?-?m was obtained after a thermal anneal at 523?K for 2?hr under vacuum, which is comparable to state-of-the-art values.

Nath, A., E-mail: anath@gmu.edu; Rao, M. V. [George Mason University, 4400 University Dr., Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); Koehler, A. D.; Jernigan, G. G.; Wheeler, V. D.; Hite, J. K.; Hernández, S. C.; Robinson, Z. R.; Myers-Ward, R. L.; Eddy, C. R.; Gaskill, D. K. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave. SW, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States); Garces, N. Y. [Sotera Defense Solutions, 2200 Defense Hwy. Suite 405, Crofton, Maryland 21114 (United States)

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 339 (2009) 9499 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wastewater. Thus, it is of great interest to study the interaction between common pharmaceuticals and clay on quality of surface and ground water. A survey in 1999­2000 on 139 US streams revealed that among the 95 organic wastewater contaminants (OWCs) 82 were found with concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 150 g L-1 [1

Li, Zhaohui

151

ribology is the science and technology of contact-ing solid surfaces in relative motion, including the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

» friction and lubrication under extreme conditions, such as high-temperature or nonequilibrium, includ- ing, including the study of lubricants, lubrication, friction, wear, and bearings. It is estimated that friction), and in the development of durable, low-friction surfaces and ultra-thin lubrication films. Friction between contacting

Guo, Yi

152

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 385 (2011) 95103 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aerogel particles), where no analytical method is applicable due to the complexity of the coatings May 2011 Available online 2 June 2011 Keywords: Superhydrophobic coating Granular surface Critical distributed spherical parti- cles (e.g., superhydrophobic coatings developed by depositing of hydrophobic

Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

153

Recovery from acidification in European surface waters Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(3), 283297 (2001) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Range Transboundary Air Pollution of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE). The first agreement) protocol, signed in 1999, incorporates additional air pollutants and is intended to bring a 63% reduction, the majority of surface waters (38 of 56) showed significant (p 0.05) decreasing trends in pollution

Boyer, Edmond

154

Soft holographic interference lithography microlens for enhanced organic light emitting diode light extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Very uniform 2 {micro}m-pitch square microlens arrays ({micro}LAs), embossed on the blank glass side of an indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-coated 1.1 mm-thick glass, are used to enhance light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by {approx}100%, significantly higher than enhancements reported previously. The array design and size relative to the OLED pixel size appear to be responsible for this enhancement. The arrays are fabricated by very economical soft lithography imprinting of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mold (itself obtained from a Ni master stamp that is generated from holographic interference lithography of a photoresist) on a UV-curable polyurethane drop placed on the glass. Green and blue OLEDs are then fabricated on the ITO to complete the device. When the {mu}LA is {approx}15 x 15 mm{sup 2}, i.e., much larger than the {approx}3 x 3 mm{sup 2} OLED pixel, the electroluminescence (EL) in the forward direction is enhanced by {approx}100%. Similarly, a 19 x 25 mm{sup 2} {mu}LA enhances the EL extracted from a 3 x 3 array of 2 x 2 mm{sup 2} OLED pixels by 96%. Simulations that include the effects of absorption in the organic and ITO layers are in accordance with the experimental results and indicate that a thinner 0.7 mm thick glass would yield a {approx}140% enhancement.

Park, Joong-Mok; Gan, Zhengqing; Leung, Wai Y.; Liu, Rui; Ye, Zhuo; Constant, Kristen; Shinar, Joseph; Shinar, Ruth; Ho, Kai-Ming

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

155

Helicon plasma generator-assisted surface conversion ion source for the production of H{sup -} ion beams at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The converter-type negative ion source currently employed at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is based on cesium enhanced surface production of H{sup -} ion beams in a filament-driven discharge. In this kind of an ion source the extracted H{sup -} beam current is limited by the achievable plasma density which depends primarily on the electron emission current from the filaments. The emission current can be increased by increasing the filament temperature but, unfortunately, this leads not only to shorter filament lifetime but also to an increase in metal evaporation from the filament, which deposits on the H{sup -} converter surface and degrades its performance. Therefore, we have started an ion source development project focused on replacing these thermionic cathodes (filaments) of the converter source by a helicon plasma generator capable of producing high-density hydrogen plasmas with low electron energy. In our studies which have so far shown that the plasma density of the surface conversion source can be increased significantly by exciting a helicon wave in the plasma, and we expect to improve the performance of the surface converter H{sup -} ion source in terms of beam brightness and time between services. The design of this new source and preliminary results are presented, along with a discussion of physical processes relevant for H{sup -} ion beam production with this novel design. Ultimately, we perceive this approach as an interim step towards our long-term goal, combining a helicon plasma generator with an SNS-type main discharge chamber, which will allow us to individually optimize the plasma properties of the plasma cathode (helicon) and H{sup -} production (main discharge) in order to further improve the brightness of extracted H{sup -} ion beams.

Tarvainen, O.; Rouleau, G.; Keller, R.; Geros, E.; Stelzer, J.; Ferris, J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Fabrication of planar quantum magnetic disk structure using electron beam lithography, reactive ion etching, and chemical mechanical polishing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of planar quantum magnetic disk structure using electron beam lithography, reactive ion, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 Received 2 June's size and location, and reactive ion etching was used to form an SiO2 template. Nickel electroplating

157

Gd plasma source modeling at 6.7 nm for future lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas containing gadolinium have been proposed as sources for next generation lithography at 6.x nm. To determine the optimum plasma conditions, atomic structure calculations have been performed for Gd{sup 11+} to Gd{sup 27+} ions which showed that n = 4 - n = 4 resonance transitions overlap in the 6.5-7.0 nm region. Plasma modeling calculations, assuming collisional-radiative equilibrium, predict that the optimum temperature for an optically thin plasma is close to 110 eV and that maximum intensity occurs at 6.76 nm under these conditions. The close agreement between simulated and experimental spectra from laser and discharge produced plasmas indicates the validity of our approach.

Li Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 (Japan)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

158

Study of nano imprinting using soft lithography on Krafty glue and PVDF polymer thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present work reveals soft lithography strategy based on self assembly and replica molding for carrying out micro and nanofabrication. It provides a convenient, effective and very low cost method for the formation and manufacturing of micro and nano structures. Al-layer of compact disc (sony CD-R) used as a stamp with patterned relief structures to generate patterns and structures with pattern size of 100nm height, 1.7 ?m wide. In literature, PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) solution is widely used to get negative copy of the Al-layer. In this work, we have used inexpensive white glue (Polyvinylacetate + water), 15gm (?5) and PVDF (Polyvinylidene difluoride) spin coated films and successfully transferred the nano patterns of Al layer on to white glue and PVDF films.

Sankar, M. S. Ravi, E-mail: rameshg.phy@pondiuni.edu; Gangineni, Ramesh Babu, E-mail: rameshg.phy@pondiuni.edu [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, R. V. Nagar, Kalapet, Puducherry - 605014 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

159

Surface contamination effects on resistance of gold nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nanowires were patterned with e-beam lithography and fabricated with a gold film deposited by e-beam evaporation. The resistances of these wires were measured and found to be nonlinear with respect to surface area/volume. With x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, carbon and oxygen contaminants in the forms of C, C-O-C, and C=O were found adsorbed on the gold surface. This contamination adsorbed on the surface may lead to increased resistance of nanowires.

Lilley, Carmen M.; Huang, Qiaojian [Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, 842 W. Taylor Street (MC 251), Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

160

PLASMA DYNAMICS AND PLASMA WALL INTERACTION 130 Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. 2006, 6. Series: Plasma Physics (12), p. 130-134  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASMA DYNAMICS AND PLASMA WALL INTERACTION 130 Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. 2006, 6. Series: Plasma Physics (12), p. 130-134 SIMULATION OF HIGH POWER DEPOSITION ON TARGET MATERIALS: APPLICATIONS IN MAGNETIC, INERTIAL FUSION, AND HIGH POWER PLASMA LITHOGRAPHY DEVICES Ahmed Hassanein Argonne

Harilal, S. S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ELSEVIER Surface Science 407 (1998) 296 surface science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produces methyl radicals at elevated temperatures following methanol adsorption, whereas for methanol on 'Methanol on O/Mo( 110): specific site for methyl radical formation'" S.C. Street ~, D.W. Goodman-area (HSA), "real-world" molybdate catalysts. The 3D oxide prepared by us (i) does not produce methyl

Goodman, Wayne

162

Arrays of nanoscale magnetic dots: Fabrication by x-ray interference lithography and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray interference lithography (XIL) was employed in combination with electrodeposition to fabricate arrays of nanoscale nickel dots which are uniform over 40 {mu}m and have periods down to 71 nm. Using extreme-ultraviolet light, XIL has the potential to produce magnetic dot arrays over large areas with periods well below 50 nm, and down to a theoretical limit of 6.5 nm for a 13 nm x-ray wavelength. In the nickel dot arrays, we observed the effect of interdot magnetic stray field interactions. Measuring the hysteresis loops using the magneto-optical Kerr effect, a double switching via the vortex state was observed in the nickel dots with diameters down to 44 nm and large dot separations. As the dot separations are reduced to below around 50 nm a single switching, occurring by collective rotation of the magnetic spins, is favored due to interdot magnetic stray field interactions. This results in magnetic flux closure through several dots which could be visualized with micromagnetic simulations. Further evidence of the stray field interactions was seen in photoemission electron microscopy images, where bands of contrast corresponding to chains of coupled dots were observed.

Heyderman, L.J.; Solak, H.H.; David, C.; Atkinson, D.; Cowburn, R.P.; Nolting, F. [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Nanomagnetism Group, Department of Physics, University of Durham, Rochester Building, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

163

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute

Wang, Zhong L.

164

Tuning the interaction between propagating and localized surface plasmons for surface enhanced Raman scattering in water for biomedical and environmental applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With a view to biomedical and environmental applications, we investigate the plasmonic properties of a rectangular gold nanodisk array in water to boost surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effects. To control the resonance wavelengths of the surface plasmon polariton and the localized surface plasmon, their dependence on the array period and diameter in water is studied in detail using a finite difference time domain method. A good agreement is obtained between calculated resonant wavelengths and those of gold nanodisk arrays fabricated using electron beam lithography. For the optimized structure, a SERS enhancement factor of 7.8?×?10{sup 7} is achieved in water experimentally.

Shioi, Masahiko, E-mail: shioi.masahiko@jp.panasonic.com [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-4, Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0237 (Japan); Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Jans, Hilde [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center VZW., Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Lodewijks, Kristof [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center VZW., Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Electrical Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Van Dorpe, Pol; Lagae, Liesbet [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center VZW., Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Physics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Kawamura, Tatsuro [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-4, Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0237 (Japan)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Computer Science Computer Science?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michigan Autonomous Aerial Vehicles, UM::Autonomy, U-M Programming, U-M Solar Car, Hybrid RacingComputer Science @ Michigan Life as a CS Student What is Computer Science? Computer science is shaping the future. A degree in computer science can help shape yours. Michigan CS students have

Eustice, Ryan

166

Sub-50 nm high aspect-ratio silicon pillars, ridges, and trenches fabricated using ultrahigh resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion etching P. B. Fischer and S. Y. Chou University of Minnesota Department of Electrical Engineering, Minneapolis, Minnesota 554~3 (Received 29 July 1992 and chlorine based reactive ion etching. These nanoscale Si features can be further reduced to 10 nm using

167

Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene This article has been downloaded from IOPscience PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 185302 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/18/185302 Ice demonstrate that a low energy focused electron beam can locally pattern graphene coated with a thin ice layer

168

1 2014 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim wileyonlinelibrary.com Interfacial Nanosphere Lithography toward Ag2SAg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-shell Au@Ag2S nanoparticles,[6] hollow-solid Ag2S­Ag nanocomposites,[2,7] porous Ag2S­Ag hybrid nano- tubes. While a variety of physical processes-aided nano- sphere lithography methods have been developed above the tangent-point plane and Ag nano- bowl arrays enclosing the lower part of the MCC template were

Qi, Limin

169

Fabrication of Sub-10-nm Silicon Nanowire Arrays by Size Reduction Lithography Yang-Kyu Choi, Ji Zhu,, Jeff Grunes,, Jeffrey Bokor, and Gabor. A. Somorjai*,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems. Introduction The fabrication of nanoscale patterns with dimensions of 10 nm or less has been and space dimensions" from polysilicon (polycrystalline silicon) and a metal oxide by etching one et al. carried out what they called "spacer lithography" to produce electronic devices in silicon

Bokor, Jeffrey

170

Surface and Coatings Technology 169170 (2003) 379383 0257-8972/03/$ -see front matter 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface and Coatings Technology 169­170 (2003) 379­383 0257-8972/03/$ - see front matter 2003­650 km) is rich in atomic oxygen. This highly reactive element impacts satellites at relative velocities

171

MASTER OF SCIENCE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 75 DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL TO PREDICT AND ASSESS SURFACE Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering-December 2000 Advisors: Charles N. Calvano, Department of Mechanical Engineering David W. Byers, Naval Surface Warfare Center-Carderock Division Survivability has

172

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg HU HongChang, TIAN FuQiang* & HU HePing Department of Hydraulic Engineering, State Key Laboratory as a key soil physical parameter and has been widely used to predict soil hydraulic and other related

Ahmad, Sajjad

173

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Density-functional-theory formulation of classical and quantum Hooke's law. Sci China Tech Sci, 2014, 57- sider an equilibrium lattice without strain (=0), but elec- #12;Hu H, et al. Sci China Tech Sci April

Simons, Jack

174

High aspect ratio x-ray waveguide channels fabricated by e-beam lithography and wafer bonding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the fabrication and characterization of hard x-ray waveguide channels manufactured by e-beam lithography, reactive ion etching and wafer bonding. The guiding layer consists of air or vacuum and the cladding material of silicon, which is favorable in view of minimizing absorption losses. The specifications for waveguide channels which have to be met in the hard x-ray range to achieve a suitable beam confinement in two orthogonal directions are extremely demanding. First, high aspect ratios up to 10{sup 6} have to be achieved between lateral structure size and length of the guides. Second, the channels have to be deeply embedded in material to warrant the guiding of the desired modes while absorbing all other (radiative) modes in the cladding material. We give a detailed report on device fabrication with the respective protocols and parameter optimization, the inspection and the optical characterization.

Neubauer, H.; Hoffmann, S.; Kanbach, M.; Haber, J.; Kalbfleisch, S.; Krüger, S. P.; Salditt, T., E-mail: tsaldit@gwdg.de [Institut für Röntgenphysik, Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

A microfluidic microbial fuel cell fabricated by soft lithography Fang Qian a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microbial fuel cells (MFC) utilize microbial consumption of or- ganic feed stocks to produce electricity, and have significant poten- tial for applications in energy conversion and environmental science to the loss of electron transport capabilities (Rich- ter et al., 2008). Many studies in the mL-to-L regime

Li, Yat

176

Explore Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Explore Science Explore Explore these Topics Activities Videos Cool Links Favorite Q&A invisible utility element Science is thinking in an organized way about things...

177

Detection Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Project Description Chemistry used in measurement and detection science plays a...

178

131Cognitive Science COGNITIVE SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

131Cognitive Science COGNITIVE SCIENCE PROFESSOR ELMES* MAJOR A major in cognitive science leading courses: Cognitive Science 110, 395, 403, 473; Computer Science 111, 211; Philosophy 106, 313; Psychology Science: Com- puter Science 295 (LISP, PROLOG or C), 313, 315; Psychology 207 b. Philosophical Foundations

Marsh, David

179

Surface and Coatings Technology 161 (2002) 7985 0257-8972/02/$ -see front matter 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reduction, and the reaction continues as long as the surface remains in contact with the electroless nickel Technology 161 (2002) 79­85 Table 1 Compositions of the electroless Ni-P plating solution Nickel chloride etching of SiC particles for electroless Ni-P plating Min Kang , Ji Man Kim , Jin Won Kim , Young Kil Kim

Kim, Ji Man

180

The Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) for estimation of turbulent heat fluxes Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(1), 8599 (2002) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, turbulent heat flux, evaporation, remote sensing Introduction The estimation of atmospheric turbulent fluxes because of the heterogeneity of land surfaces and the dynamic nature of heat transfer processes. Remote be represented by point measurements only. Methods using remote sensing information to estimate heat exchange

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Confinement and flow dynamics in thin polymer films for nanoimprint lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a soft film resist deposited on the surface, the film material flows into the mask features in methyl-isobutyl- ketone. The residual stresses and residual solvent in the film were minimized

Boyer, Edmond

182

Ultrahigh density ferroelectric storage and lithography by high order ferroic switching  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for switching the direction of polarization in a relatively small domain in a thin-film ferroelectric material whose direction of polarization is oriented normal to the surface of the material involves a step of moving an electrically-chargeable tip into contact with the surface of the ferroelectric material so that the direction of polarization in a region adjacent the tip becomes oriented in a preselected direction relative to the surface of the ferroelectric material. The tip is then pressed against the surface of the ferroelectric material so that the direction of polarization of the ferroelectric material within the area of the ferroelectric material in contact with the tip is reversed under the combined effect of the compressive influence of the tip and electric bias.

Kalinin, Sergei V. (Knoxville, TN); Baddorf, Arthur P. (Knoxville, TN); Lee, Ho Nyung (Oak Ridge, TN); Shin, Junsoo (Knoxville, TN); Gruverman, Alexei L. (Raleigh, NC); Karapetian, Edgar (Malden, MA); Kachanov, Mark (Arlington, MA)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

183

Science Mathematics Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Mathematics Engineering . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', Mathematics, . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', Mathematics, and Software Development

Hamlet, Richard

184

Science Fairs for Science Literacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is supported by a National Science Foundation PostdoctoralT.  Culbertson is a middle school science and math teacher.for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (1990), Science for

Mackey, Katherine; Culbertson, Timothy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Wine Science Wine Sciencee Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wine Science Wine Sciencee Science Thomas Henick-Kling Professor of Enology Director of Viticulture & Enology Program #12;Wine Science Wine Science Growth of Washington Wine Industry #12;Wine Science Wine Science Wine Grapes utilized 2007 2008 2009 2010 WA 127,000 145,000 156,000 160,000 NY 24,000 26,000 30

186

1 Biomedical Sciences BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Biomedical Sciences BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES The interdisciplinary doctoral programs in the biomedical sciences are organized within the Institute for Biomedical Sciences. The first full year of study toward are admitted directly into the Institute for Biomedical Sciences through Columbian College of Arts and Sciences

Vertes, Akos

187

Surface figure control for coated optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA); Spence, Paul A. (Pleasanton, CA); Kanouff, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Is sustainability science really a science?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Is sustainability science really a science? Is sustainability science really a science? The team's work shows that although sustainability science has been growing explosively...

189

Tuning extreme ultraviolet emission for optimum coupling with multilayer mirrors for future lithography through control of ionic charge states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the identification of the optimum plasma conditions for a laser-produced plasma source for efficient coupling with multilayer mirrors at 6.x nm for beyond extreme ultraviolet lithography. A small shift to lower energies of the peak emission for Nd:YAG laser-produced gadolinium plasmas was observed with increasing laser power density. Charge-defined emission spectra were observed in electron beam ion trap (EBIT) studies and the charge states responsible identified by use of the flexible atomic code (FAC). The EBIT spectra displayed a larger systematic shift of the peak wavelength of intense emission at 6.x nm to longer wavelengths with increasing ionic charge. This combination of spectra enabled the key ion stage to be confirmed as Gd{sup 18+}, over a range of laser power densities, with contributions from Gd{sup 17+} and Gd{sup 19+} responsible for the slight shift to longer wavelengths in the laser-plasma spectra. The FAC calculation also identified the origin of observed out-of-band emission and the charge states responsible.

Ohashi, Hayato, E-mail: ohashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp; Higashiguchi, Takeshi, E-mail: higashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp; Suzuki, Yuhei; Kawasaki, Masato [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Li, Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Kanehara, Tatsuhiko; Aida, Yuya; Nakamura, Nobuyuki [Institute for Laser Science, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan); Torii, Shuichi; Makimura, Tetsuya [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

190

Optimization of extreme ultraviolet photons emission and collection in mass-limited laser produced plasmas for lithography application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress in development of commercial system for next generation EUV lithography requires, among other factors, significant improvement in EUV photon sources such as discharge produced plasma (DPP) and laser produced plasma (LPP) devices. There are still many uncertainties in determining the optimum device since there are many parameters for the suitable and efficient energy source and target configuration and size. Complex devices with trigger lasers in DPP or with pre-pulsing in LPP provide wide area for optimization in regards to conversion efficiency (CE) and components lifetime. We considered in our analysis a promising LPP source configuration using 10-30 {mu}m tin droplet targets, and predicted conditions for the most efficient EUV radiation output and collection as well as calculating photons source location and size. We optimized several parameters of dual-beam lasers and their relationship to target size. We used our HEIGHTS comprehensive and integrated full 3D simulation package to study and optimize LPP processes with various target sizes to maximize the CE of the system.

Sizyuk, T.; Hassanein, A. [Center for Materials under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Self-Aligned Colloidal Lithography for Controllable and Tuneable Plasmonic Nanogaps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

–9 ] with controlled interparticle separations. Light-driven mutual electromagnetic coupling between coherent surface charge oscillations in the NPs then creates intense local electric fi elds in the gaps between the particles. [ 10 ] The magnitude of these fi elds... d) clearly shows the Au NPs on the fl at Si wafer with a shadow region below. After evaporating a layer of 30 nm Au (voltage: small 2014, DOI: 10.1002/smll.201402639 This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons...

Ding, Tao; Herrmann, Lars O.; de Nijs, Bart; Benz, Felix; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lithography High-Resolution Soft Lithography: Enabling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from photocurable perfluoropolyethers (PFPEs).[6] PFPE-based materials are liquids at room temperature

Carter, Kenneth

193

Earth Sciences Environmental Earth Sciences,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

94 Earth Sciences­ Environmental Earth Sciences, Geology Degree options MGeol (Single Honours Degrees) Earth Sciences BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Environmental Earth Sciences Geology BSc (Joint placement. * The Geology and Environmental Earth Sciences degrees are accredited by the Geological Society

Brierley, Andrew

194

1 Political Science POLITICAL SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Political Science POLITICAL SCIENCE With Capitol Hill nearby and the White House just blocks away, GW is the ideal place to study political science. Students in the program benefit from rigorous study and behavioral sciences discipline in the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, the program examines politics

Vertes, Akos

195

1 Forensic Sciences FORENSIC SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Forensic Sciences FORENSIC SCIENCES As part of the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' natural, mathematical and biomedical sciences programs, the forensic sciences program provides an understanding of the integration of forensic disciplines with the investigation of criminal activity, along

Vertes, Akos

196

FORENSIC SCIENCE About Forensic Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fact Sheet FORENSIC SCIENCE About Forensic Science: The Forensic Science program at SJSU offers: The SJSU Forensic Science program delivers coursework and training to · Empowergraduatestobecomeagentsofchangetorecognize, document and report errors and injustices in the practice of forensic science and crime scene

Su, Xiao

197

Method and apparatus for detecting the presence and thickness of carbon and oxide layers on EUV reflective surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The characteristics of radiation that is reflected from carbon deposits and oxidation formations on highly reflective surfaces such as Mo/Si mirrors can be quantified and employed to detect and measure the presence of such impurities on optics. Specifically, it has been shown that carbon deposits on a Mo/Si multilayer mirror decreases the intensity of reflected HeNe laser (632.8 nm) light. In contrast, oxide layers formed on the mirror should cause an increase in HeNe power reflection. Both static measurements and real-time monitoring of carbon and oxide surface impurities on optical elements in lithography tools should be achievable.

Malinowski, Michael E.

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

198

Surface Soil  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Surface Soil Surface Soil We compare local soil samples with samples collected from northern New Mexico locations that are beyond the range of potential influence from normal...

199

Computational Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Science and Engineering Petascale Initiative at LBNL Progress Report PI: Alice Koniges June 28, 2010 Computational Science and Engineering Petascale Initiative PI,...

200

Science & Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Technology Delivering basic and applied science discoveries and innovating engineering R&D is the hallmark of the Science and Engineering division in support of INL's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Michigan Institute Science and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kaita's present research interests focus on plasma-surface interactions and the use of liquid metalsMichigan Institute for Plasma Science and Engineering Seminar Up Against the Wall: Liquid Lithium for the Chamber Technology Challenge in Fusion Energy Dr. Robert Kaita Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 3:00 pm

Shyy, Wei

202

Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the Materials Sciences Division`s annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

Not Available

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the Materials Sciences Division's annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Quilting Together a Career in Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quilting Together a Career in Science About the speaker: Professor Geri Richmond holds the Richard is recognized for her fundamental studies in contemporary surface science using state-of-the-art laser 160 publications to her credit. Richmond is also known widely for her innovative science teaching

Richmond, Geraldine L.

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - active cell surface Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 5 Coaction of intercellular adhesion and cortical tension specifies tissue surface tension Summary: data in this study) indicate a depen- dence of the surface...

206

Political Science College of Arts and Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Science College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Arts in Political Science General Political Science Global Politics Political Science Pre-Law Minors Political Science Program Law Campaign worker Politics Marketing and sales Nonprofit administration Consultant Certification

Collins, Gary S.

207

[Faculty of Science Information and Computing Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Faculty of Science Information and Computing Sciences] Terminating combinator parsers in Agda and Computing Sciences Utrecht University June 12, 2008 #12;[Faculty of Science Information and Computing Sciences] 2 Overview Totality Parser combinators Terminating combinator parsers #12;[Faculty of Science

Löh, Andres

208

Faculty of Science Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Science Computer Science Computer software engineering, network and system analysis.uwindsor.ca/computerscience The University of Windsor offers a variety of computer science programs to prepare students for a career in the technology industry or in research and academia. A computer science degree provides an in-depth understanding

209

Faculty of Science Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Science Computer Science Software engineering, network and system analysis continue a variety of computer science programs to prepare students for a career in the technology industry or in research and academia. A computer science degree provides an in-depth understanding of the fundamentals

210

Earth Sciences Environmental Earth Sciences,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

84 Earth Sciences­ Environmental Earth Sciences, Geology MGeol (Single Honours Degrees) Earth Sciences BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Environmental Earth Sciences Geology BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) and among the most research-intensive in Europe. Features * The Department of Earth and Environmental

Brierley, Andrew

211

Faculty of Science Science Undergraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Science Science Undergraduate Research Awards (SURA) What are Science Undergraduate by an endowment provided by the estate of the late Eva Moody allows the Faculty of Science to provide a number are directed at undergraduate students who wish to carry out a research project during the summer under

Pedersen, Tom

212

Faculty of Science Environmental Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Science Environmental Science If you have a natural curiosity and concern about the environment, Environmental Science offers you exciting career opportunities. It applies scientific tools from.uwindsor.ca/earth #12;Environmental Science We look forward to meeting you! You will receive a solid grounding

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibody-based surface plasmon Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

characteristic: plasmon resonance frequencies... -field imaging, multipolar surface ... Source: Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Radiation Physics and...

214

apollo lunar surface: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APOLLO XVII LUNAR SURFACE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES EXPERIMENT Physics Websites Summary: Raytheon Company, Assistant Program Manager M.I.T., Earth and Planetary Sciences Raytheon...

215

automatic lunar surface: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APOLLO XVII LUNAR SURFACE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES EXPERIMENT Physics Websites Summary: Raytheon Company, Assistant Program Manager M.I.T., Earth and Planetary Sciences Raytheon...

216

Infrared transparent frequency selective surface based on metallic meshes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an infrared transparent frequency selective surface (ITFSS) based on metallic meshes. In this ITFSS structure, periodic cross-slot units are integrated on square metallic meshes empowered by coating and UV-lithography. A matching condition is proposed to avoid the distortion of units. Experimental results show that this ITFSS possesses a good transmittance of 80% in the infrared band of 3–5 ?m, and also a stable band-pass behavior at the resonance frequency of 36.4 GHz with transmittance of ?0.56 dB. Theoretical simulations about the ITFSS diffractive characteristics and frequency responses are also investigated. The novel ITFSS will attract renewed interest and be exploited for applications in various fields.

Yu, Miao [Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China) [Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 (China); Xu, Nianxi; Liu, Hai; Gao, Jinsong, E-mail: gaojs@ciomp.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen containment vessel analysis. Fracture analysis. Sputter deposition for mirrors, photovoltaic

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrochemistry, metallurgy- ceramics, inorganic chemistry,electrochemistry, metallurgy, Table 4. Instrumentation ofenergies electrochemistry, metallurgy, impact on technology

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Answer: Problems involving solar energy technology may beproblems John Apps, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Solar energyproblems are concentrated in fossil and fusion technologies and in environmental control, with solar and energy

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corrosion, cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, corrosioncorrosion fatigue, hydrogen embrittlement, slow crackFossil Hydrogen diffusion barriers, to avoid embrittlement.

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel cells storage batteries variable load industrialpropulsion* storage batteries* fuel cells Ni-Zn cells Li(Al)Continued. II. Storage batteries A. Aqueous low-temperature

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control, with solar and energy conservation (throughconservation, fossil, nuclear fusion, geothermal and solar energyenergy conservation, fossil, nuclear fusion, geothermal and solar

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Center Geothermal energy conversion and surfacenuclear fusion, geothermal and solar energy technologies andnuclear fission, geothermal and solar energy technologies

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency (5-8%) rivaling the values obtained for wholly solid-state devices (photovoltaics).efficiency, while minimizing recombination losses and reverse saturation current. into two categories: Photovoltaics

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are concerned with the direct conversion of solar energy torepresents the direct conversion interface between chemical

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Surface science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16 FOR Primary Authorstem The acronym for

227

Surface science | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout »Lab (NewportSuccessSupply Center for

228

Big Science  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

Dr. Thomas Zacharia

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

229

Big Science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

Dr. Thomas Zacharia

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Applications of synchrotron radiation to Chemical Engineering Science: Workshop report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains extended abstracts that summarize presentations made at the Workshop on Applications of Synchrotron Radiation to Chemical Engineering Science held at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL, on April 22--23, 1991. The talks emphasized the application of techniques involving absorption fluorescence, diffraction, and reflection of synchrotron x-rays, with a focus on problems in applied chemistry and chemical engineering, as well as on the use of x-rays in topographic, tomographic, and lithographic procedures. The attendees at the workshop included experts in the field of synchrotron science, scientists and engineers from ANL, other national laboratories, industry, and universities; and graduate and undergraduate students who were enrolled in ANL educational programs at the time of the workshop. Talks in the Plenary and Overview Session described the status of and special capabilities to be offered by the Advanced Photon Source (APS), as well as strategies and opportunities for utilization of synchrotron radiation to solve science and engineering problems. Invited talks given in subsequent sessions covered the use of intense infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray photon beams (as provided by synchrotrons) in traditional and nontraditional areas of chemical engineering research related to electrochemical and corrosion science, catalyst development and characterization, lithography and imaging techniques, and microanalysis.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, FY 1994. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research include surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, etc. The laboratory directed R and D include director`s initiatives, individual projects, and transactinium science studies.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

ComputationalComputational ScienceScience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ComputationalComputational ScienceScience KenKen HawickHawick k.a.k.a.hawickhawick@massey.ac.nz@massey.ac.nz Massey UniversityMassey University #12;Computational Science / eScienceComputational Science / eScience Computational Science concerns the application of computer science to physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology

Hawick, Ken

233

MICROCAVITYMICROCAVITY PLASMA SCIENCE AND RECENTPLASMA SCIENCE AND RECENT APPLICATIONS: BOUNDAPPLICATIONS: BOUND--FREE COUPLING, TRANSISTORFREE COUPLING, TRANSISTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma Surface Treatment High Intensity Plasma Arc Lamp Spark Gap Plasma Display (150 inch Panasonic Electrode Glass6 mm 250 m LED Backlight Microcavity Lamp #12;OPERATION OF MICROCAVITY PLASMA DEVICESMICROCAVITYMICROCAVITY PLASMA SCIENCE AND RECENTPLASMA SCIENCE AND RECENT APPLICATIONS

Shyy, Wei

234

Growth of individual carbon nanotubes on an array of TiN/Ni nanodots patterned by e-beam lithography and defined by dry etching for field emission application.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Individual vertically aligned carbon nanotubes, Electron-beam lithography, Dry etching, Field emission and uniform electronic emission, cathodes based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) are patternedGrowth of individual carbon nanotubes on an array of TiN/Ni nanodots patterned by e

Boyer, Edmond

235

SCIENCE CHINA Life Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hemocompatibility of g-HA/PLA composites LI Jia1,2 , ZHENG Wei1 , ZHENG YuFeng1,3* & LOU Xia1,4 1 Center responses to some novel poly(L-lactide) (PLA) composites containing surface modified hydroxyapatite-HA particles were further blended with PLA to prepare g-HA/PLA composites. Our previous study has shown signifi

Zheng, Yufeng

236

Nanoimprint Lithography | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohn F. Geisz,AerialStaff NUGWedged Crater.Nanoimprint

237

Advances in Lithography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre theAdministratorCFM LEAP Aircraft Enginesof

238

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems Erik Santiso Dept. of Chemical InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). The effect of curvature on the surface tension of droplets for multicomponent systems, the relation between the surface tension at the surface of tension and the distance

Firoozabadi, Abbas

239

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT www.esr.pdx.edu Undergraduate Program: Environmental Science an emphasis on natural sciences and mathematics (Environmental Science) or emphasis on policy, geography and social sciences (Environmental Studies). Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Environmental Science Bachelor

240

Application of a Theory for Generation of Soft X-Ray by Storage Rings and Its Use For X-Ray Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theory has been developed for generation of soft X-ray transition radiation (TR) by storage ring synchrotrons. It takes into consideration that the dielectric constant of the TR target material is a complex number, utilizes an explicit expression for the number of passes of an injected electron through the target, and describes more precisely the absorption of TR in the target. Such TR can be used for performing X-ray lithography (XRL), and therefore a formula is included for the sensitivity of the photoresist used in XRL. TR targets for XRL can be optimized, based on finding a maximum of the resist sensitivity. Application of this theory to optimization of Mg target shows that a target containing only one Mg foil, with a thickness of about 245 nm is the best Mg target, for performing XRL by our storage ring synchrotron MIRRORCLE-20SX.

Minkov, D. [21st Century COE SLLS (Japan); Yamada, H. [21st Century COE SLLS (Japan); Ritsumeikan University (Japan); PPL Co. Ltd., 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu City, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan); Toyosugi, N.; Morita, M. [PPL Co. Ltd., 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu City, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan); Yamaguchi, T. [Ritsumeikan University (Japan)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Processing Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Processing Science Related to the Electron Beam Melting Additive Manufacturing Process October 14 th , 2014 Ryan Dehoff Metal Additive Manufacturing Thrust Lead Manufacturing...

242

What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science...

243

Chemical Effect of Dry and Wet Cleaning of the Ru Protective Layer of the Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography Reflector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report the chemical influence of cleaning of the Ru capping layer on the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) reflector surface. The cleaning of EUV reflector to remove the contamination particles has two requirements: to prevent corrosion and etching of the reflector surface and to maintain the reflectivity functionality of the reflector after the corrosive cleaning processes. Two main approaches for EUV reflector cleaning, wet chemical treatments [sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide mixture (SPM), ozonated water, and ozonated hydrogen peroxide] and dry cleaning (oxygen plasma and UV/ozone treatment), were tested. The changes in surface morphology and roughness were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, while the surface etching and change of oxidation states were probed with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Significant surface oxidation of the Ru capping layer was observed after oxygen plasma and UV/ozone treatment, while the oxidation is unnoticeable after SPM treatment. Based on these surface studies, the authors found that SPM treatment exhibits the minimal corrosive interactions with Ru capping layer. They address the molecular mechanism of corrosive gas and liquid-phase chemical interaction with the surface of Ru capping layer on the EUV reflector.

Belau, Leonid; Park, Jeong Y.; Liang, Ted; Seo, Hyungtak; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

Programmable surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robotic vehicles walk on legs, roll on wheels, are pulled by tracks, pushed by propellers, lifted by wings, and steered by rudders. All of these systems share the common character of momentum transport across their surfaces. ...

Sun, Amy (Amy Teh-Yu)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Fabrication of densely packed, well-ordered, high-aspect-ratio silicon nanopillars over large areas using block copolymer lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, this interpenetrating network of semiconductors would have the required absorption depth [1,2], favorable alignment Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA c- voltaic devices in which a 150-nm-tall inorganic nanopillar network is infiltrated with a light

McGehee, Michael

246

Bradbury Science Museum - Science on Wheels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bradbury Science Museum - Science on Wheels Our Mission: To stimulate interest in and enthusiasm for science, technology, engineering and mathematics and promote public...

247

Cognitive Science 1 Cognitive Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Linguistics), Laurie Santos (Psychology), Brian Scassellati (Computer Science) Assistant Professors Daylian and cognition based on patterns of breakdown in pathology, computational and robotic research that strives

248

Science Potential from a Europa Lander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prospect of a future soft landing on the surface of Europa is enticing, as it would create science opportunities that could not be achieved through flyby or orbital remote sensing, with direct relevance to Europa's ...

Pappalardo, R.T.

249

Life sciences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs. (MHB)

Day, L. (ed.)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+ Phase 1 projects 2 December 2014 #12..............................................................................................................4 Youth access and equity in informal science learning: developing a research and practice agenda..................................................................................................5 Enhancing informal learning through citizen science..............................................6

Rambaut, Andrew

251

CENTRE FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AARHUS UNIVERSITY 13 JUNE 2013 Project work CENTRE FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AARHUS UNIVERSITY 13 JUNE and ICT Sessions: Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays kl. 9-16 ICT Development Project work: Tuesdays

252

Bachelor of Science & Bachelor of Science (Technology)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bachelor of Science & Bachelor of Science (Technology) SpecialiSationS Environmental Microbiology environment. This specialisation can be attached to the Environmental Sciences major. Environmental Modelling Sciences major. Land and Freshwater Environments This specialisation is for students interested

Waikato, University of

253

Natural Sciences Tripos EARTH SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The majority of Cambridge graduates remain within geology. Exploration and production of oil and gas still is the science of the Earth. What is the Earth made of? What processes shape and change it? What's happened of processes, geology is a holistic science, integrating physics, chemistry and biology with the evidence

Cambridge, University of

254

Faculty of Science Computer Science Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Science Computer Science Handbook 2013 #12;Welcome to Computer Science Welcome from the Head of Department 2 What is Computer Science? 2 Careers in Computer Science 3 What can you do with a Computer Science degree? 4 Meet our students 5 Academic information Important dates 7 Admission

Sun, Jing

255

Web of Science Welcome to the Web of Science................................................................................................ 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web of Science #12; Welcome to the Web of Science................................................................................................ 2 Web of Science.............................................................................................. 4 Web of Science

Huang, Su-Yun

256

des Sciences le magazine des activits de diffusion des sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvay ........................................................................ 17 Classes Sciences au

Cerf, Nicolas

257

COMPUTER SCIENCE EECS Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTER SCIENCE EECS Department The Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) Department at WSU offers undergraduate degrees in electrical engineering, computer engineering and computer science. The EECS Department offers master of science degrees in computer science, electrical engineering

258

Computer Science UNDERGRADUATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

447 Computer Science UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS The Department of Computer Science provides undergraduate instruction leading to the bachelor's degree in computer science. This program in computer science is accredited by the Computer Science Accreditation Board (CSAB), a specialized accrediting body recognized

Suzuki, Masatsugu

259

Lithography-free sub-100nm nanocone array antireflection layer for low-cost silicon solar cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High density and uniformity sub-100nm surface oxidized silicon nanocone forest structure is created and integrated onto the existing texturization microstructures on photovoltaic device surface by a one-step high throughput plasma enhanced texturization method. We suppressed the broadband optical reflection on chemically textured grade-B silicon solar cells for up to 70.25% through this nanomanufacturing method. The performance of the solar cell is improved with the short circuit current increased by 7.1%, fill factor increased by 7.0%, conversion efficiency increased by 14.66%. Our method demonstrates the potential to improve the photovoltaic device performance with low cost high and throughput nanomanufacturing technology.

Xu, Zhida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect Part-5a Solar + Earth Spectrum IR Absorbers Grey Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect #12;Radiation: Solar and Earth Surface B"(T) Planck Ideal Emission Integrate at the carbon cycle #12;However, #12;Greenhouse Effect is Complex #12;PLANETARY ENERGY BALANCE G+W fig 3-5

Johnson, Robert E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Space Science: Atmosphere Thermal Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space Science: Atmosphere Part -2 Thermal Structure Review tropospheres Absorption of Radiation Adiabatic Lapse Rate ~ 9 K/km Slightly smaller than our estimate Pressure ~3000ft under ocean surface thickness (positive up) is the solar zenith angle Fs is the solar energy flux at frequency (when

Johnson, Robert E.

262

Nanolithographic Fabrication and Heterogeneous Reaction Studies ofTwo-Dimensional Platinum Model Catalyst Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to better understand the fundamental components that govern catalytic activity, two-dimensional model platinum nanocatalyst arrays have been designed and fabricated. These catalysts arrays are meant to model the interplay of the metal and support important to industrial heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Photolithography and sub-lithographic techniques such as electron beam lithography, size reduction lithography and nanoimprint lithography have been employed to create these platinum nanoarrays. Both in-situ and ex-situ surface science techniques and catalytic reaction measurements were used to correlate the structural parameters of the system to catalytic activity.

Contreras, A.M.

2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

263

Science Museum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum July 22, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury...

264

Science Museum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maintaining nuclear stability in times of transition focus of talk at Bradbury Science Museum January 9, 2014 First in series of evening lectures open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M.,...

265

AiR surface: AiR surface 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AiR surface: 1 PDA AiR surface 1 1: AiR surface () () 2 [1] [2] 3 AiR surface AiR surface surface surface surface 3.1 surface [3]( 3 ) surface 3.2 surface surface AiR surface 4 AiR surface surface AiR surface: Virtual Touch Panel

Tanaka, Jiro

266

Near-Field Imaging of Infinite Rough Surfaces in Dielectric Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 15, 2014 ... of modern science and technology, including surface chemistry, biology, materials science, and ... Research Plan of NSFC (91130004), and a special research grant from Zhejiang University. ‡ .... for energy absorption.

Bao, G. and Li, P.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 Yihong Duan National 10, 2009 (Revised) Dateline Revised for Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Corresponding author

Wang, Yuqing

268

Middle School Science Bowl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3, 1999of Science (SC)Regionals National2015

269

BER Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientificthe Directors of the Office of Science, Office of Advanced5 Simulation Data Key Remote Science Drivers Instruments and

Dart, Eli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Writing for Science Literacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literacy: 25 years of language arts and science research.International Journal of Science Education, 25, 689-725.possibilities: Language and science literacy—empowering

Chamberlin, Shannon Marie; Chamberlin, Shannon Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

ORISE: Forensic Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forensic Science Forensic Science The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) provides direct forensic analytical support, consulting and training services to United...

272

The Science of Science Dr. Katy Brner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Science of Science Dr. Katy Börner Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, Director Information Visualization Laboratory, Director School of Library and Information Science Indiana University February 20th, 2008 Computational Scientometrics: Studying Science by Scientific Means Börner, Katy, Chen

Menczer, Filippo

273

History of Science 157 Sociology of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 History of Science 157 Sociology of Science Fall 2009 Steven Shapin Science Center 469 Tuesdays to thinking about science, its historical development, its relations to society and other forms of culture: Science Center 451 Office hours: Mondays 8:30 -> 10.15, or by arrangement #12;2 E-mail: shapin

Shapin, Steven

274

Computer Science 1 Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science 1 Department of Computer Science School of Arts and Science www.cs.rutgers.edu Presented by Prof. Louis Steinberg www.cs.rutgers.edu/~lou #12;Computer Science 2 It's NOT just programming, maintenance ·devising computing solutions for cutting edge problems What is Computer Science? #12;Computer

Steinberg, Louis

275

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, College of Health Sciences. · "Innovative Ways to Address Idaho's Healthcare Needs: Long-Term CareCollege of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection 1 Dean's Message College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection February 2011 Volume IX (3) Since the last COHS newsletter, the faculty

Barrash, Warren

276

Enhanced optical power of GaN-based light-emitting diode with compound photonic crystals by multiple-exposure nanosphere-lens lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with single, twin, triple, and quadruple photonic crystals (PCs) on p-GaN are fabricated by multiple-exposure nanosphere-lens lithography (MENLL) process utilizing the focusing behavior of polystyrene spheres. Such a technique is easy and economical for use in fabricating compound nano-patterns. The optimized tilted angle is decided to be 26.6° through mathematic calculation to try to avoid the overlay of patterns. The results of scanning electron microscopy and simulations reveal that the pattern produced by MENLL is a combination of multiple ovals. Compared to planar-LED, the light output power of LEDs with single, twin, triple, and quadruple PCs is increased by 14.78%, 36.03%, 53.68%, and 44.85% under a drive current 350?mA, respectively. Furthermore, all PC-structures result in no degradation of the electrical properties. The stimulated results indicate that the highest light extraction efficiency of LED with the clover-shape triple PC is due to the largest scattering effect on propagation of light from GaN into air.

Zhang, Yonghui; Wei, Tongbo, E-mail: tbwei@semi.ac.cn; Xiong, Zhuo; Shang, Liang; Tian, Yingdong; Zhao, Yun; Zhou, Pengyu; Wang, Junxi; Li, Jinmin [Semiconductor Lighting Technology Research and Development Center, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

Science Highlights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2)Science Highlight Archives: 1995-2004Science Highlights

278

Science Magazine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2)Science Highlight Archives:2 MAY 2013 VOL 340 SCIENCE

279

COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTER SCIENCE and INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POSTGRADUATE STUDIES 2006 School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science The University of New England Armidale, NSW, Australia Printed courses in computer science and the graduate level topics in computer science which are offered

Dunstan, Neil

280

Indiana University Cognitive Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indiana University Cognitive Science Exploring the Science of Learning Representations Simulations in science. How can simulations best be designed to enhance science learning and transfer? Computer Modeling Transfer Complex Systems Perception Which representations might help your students learn about

Indiana University

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281

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General Chemistry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General Chemistry, Laboratory Practice (Precourse) Physical Chemistry (4 CP) Introductory Engineering (5 CP) Organic & Inorganic Materials Chemistry (4 CP) Energy Science and Technology I (5 CP) Surfaces/Interfaces/ Heterogen

Pfeifer, Holger

282

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ... Applied Mathematics Biomedical Sciences Computer Science Undergraduate Research Internships and Cooperative Education (Co-op) (optional) Study Abroad WHY IMAGING SCIENCE Science: BS, MS, PhD Color Science: MS, PhD BS + MS/PhD Combos HUMAN VISION BIO- MEDICAL ASTRO- PHYSICS

Zanibbi, Richard

283

FES Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FES Science Network Requirements Report of the Fusion Energy Sciences Network Requirements Workshop Conducted March 13 and 14, 2008 #12;FES Science Network Requirements Workshop Fusion Energy Sciences Program Office, DOE Office of Science Energy Sciences Network Gaithersburg, MD ­ March 13 and 14, 2008 ESnet

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

284

Computer Science Degree options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

82 Computer Science Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Computer Science and one of: Economics Logic and Philosophy of Science Management Management Science MSci (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science Entrance Requirements (see also pages 164 - 205

Brierley, Andrew

285

An updated climatology of surface dimethlysulfide concentrations and emission fluxes in the global ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relationship between ocean DMS and solar radiation, Geophys.solar radiation dose over the global surface ocean, Science,ocean surface DMS reveal macroscale patterns of variability such as a global proportionality between DMS concentration and average daily solar radiation

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

EVALUATION OF PARAMETERIZED SURFACE FLUXES WITH ARM OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the United States Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 ABSTRACT Surface momentum the ARM measurements based on the EC (Eddy- Correlation) and EBBR (Energy Balance Bowen Ratio) methods Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Managed by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC

287

Science Highlights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted for USMaterialstheterahertzonExploreStudies Science

288

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

242 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science,including American politics and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

289

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

217 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Chair T. Clifton Morgan Professors John S.D. Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

290

POLITICAL SCIENCE Political science is the study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLITICAL SCIENCE Political science is the study of governments, public policies, and political behavior. Political science uses both humanistic perspectives and scientific skills to examine the United States and all countries and regions of the world. Students enrolled in Political Science courses explore

291

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American politics and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

292

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

264 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American politics and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

293

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

235 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Chair T. Clifton Morgan Professors John S.D. Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

294

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American politics and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

295

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

242 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Chair T. Clifton Morgan Professors Earl Black.D. Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

296

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

253 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Students majoring in political science are encouraged to achieve both a broad understanding of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American politics and comparative politics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

297

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection 1 Dean's Message College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection December 2009 January 2010 Volume VIII (5) Moving from the Superficial the superficial level so that the result is the formation of deep relationships, caring, compassion, justice, love

Barrash, Warren

298

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection 1 Dean's Message College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection April 2011 Volume IX (4) The end of the spring semester is quickly approaching accreditation review. Similarly, the Environmental and Occupational Health program also had a very positive

Barrash, Warren

299

College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

today. In politics, in education, in health care, in society in general we are so turned inwardCollege of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection 1 Dean's Message College of Health Sciences Health Sciences Connection April/May 2010 Volume VIII (8) WOW! Spring semester of 2010 is almost

Barrash, Warren

300

[Faculty of Science Information and Computing Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Faculty of Science Information and Computing Sciences] Generic diff Andres Löh joint work with Eelco Lempsink and Sean Leather Dept. of Information and Computing Sciences, Utrecht University IFIP WG 2.1 meeting #64, Weltenburg, April 2, 2009 #12;[Faculty of Science Information and Computing

Löh, Andres

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Curvature Minimization for Surface Reconstruction with Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371. {shij0004,wanm0003}@e.ntu.edu.sg, {xctai,desheng}@ntu indicate the robustness and effectiveness of the method. 1 Introduction Reconstructing a surface from in [35] and its variants prove the effectiveness of this methodology. The most popular regularization #12

Soatto, Stefano

302

714 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 38, NO. 4, APRIL 2010 Interaction of a CO2 Laser Pulse With Tin-Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulse With Tin-Based Plasma for an Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Source Yezheng Tao, Mark S. Tillack

Najmabadi, Farrokh

303

Expanding Science and Energy Literacy with America's Science...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expanding Science and Energy Literacy with America's Science and Technology Centers Expanding Science and Energy Literacy with America's Science and Technology Centers October 20,...

304

Life sciences and environmental sciences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER`s mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Life sciences and environmental sciences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER's mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of shapes of crystals are important: (i) growth shape and (ii) equilibrium shape Surface/interface energy surfaces. The joining of two phases creates an interface. (Two orientations of the same crystalline phase

Subramaniam, Anandh

307

Novel Stabilization Mechanism on Polar Surfaces: ZnO(0001)-Zn Olga Dulub,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨r Materialphysik and Centre for Computational Materials Science, Universita¨t Wien, A-1090 Wien, Austria (Received identification of the stabilization mechanisms of polar ZnO surfaces and the resulting surface properties would will cancel the polarity. If the Zn-terminated surface is less positive and the O-terminated surface layer

Diebold, Ulrike

308

Materials sciences programs, Fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in materials science topics important to the mission of the Department of Energy. The programmatic divisions under the Office of Basic Energy Sciences are Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship among synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences subfields include: physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 517 research programs including 255 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 262 research grants (233 of which are at universities), and 29 Small Business Innovation Research Grants. Five cross-cutting indices located at the rear of this book identify all 517 programs according to principal investigator(s), materials, techniques, phenomena, and environment.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

ARM - Surface Aerosol Observing System  

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310

Computing Sciences  

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311

ARM - Science  

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312

Science Briefs  

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313

Science Cafe  

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314

Science Engagement  

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315

Science Highlights  

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316

Science Organizations  

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317

Science Programs  

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318

Science Highlights  

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319

Science Museum  

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320

Science Museum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Science Museum  

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322

Science Museum  

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323

Science Summary  

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324

Science Summary  

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325

Science Summary  

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326

Science Summary  

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327

Science Summary  

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328

Science Summary  

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329

Science Summary  

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330

Science Summary  

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331

Science Summary  

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332

Science Summary  

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333

Science Summary  

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334

Science Summary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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335

Science Summary  

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336

Science Summary  

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337

Science Summary  

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338

Isotope Science  

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339

Information Sciences  

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340

Materials Science  

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Biological Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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342

Science Digests  

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343

Science Events  

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344

Science Highlights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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345

Space Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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346

Cognitive Science (Humanities)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Science (Humanities) The University of Edinburgh College of Humanities and Social Science: Cognitive Science (Humanities) BSc Honours in: Cognitive Science Please see separate information sheets the disciplines that contribute to the study of human cognition. The Cognitive Science programme at Edinburgh

Schnaufer, Achim

347

FORENSIC SCIENCE The bachelor of science in forensic science at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FORENSIC SCIENCE The bachelor of science in forensic science at Wichita State University is designed to meet an increasing demand for trained forensic scientists and technicians. No other university with this degree can be assigned to virtually any aspect of a forensic investigation with less pre-service training

348

Surface interactions in nonreactive coadsorption: H/sub 2/ and CO on transition-metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A short overview is given of the nonreactive coadsorption of hydrogen and carbon monoxide on transition metals with particular attention given to Ni(100) single-crystal surfaces where complex interactions are noted. Data derived from several complimentary surface science techniques are presented. Different organizations of the coadsorbed species are found on different crystal faces emphasizing structure sensitivity. The relation between these results and catalytic processes is noted.

White, J.M.

1983-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

349

Specular Surface Recovery via Coded Target Stereopsis Arlene Ripsman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasiobedzki Technical Report CS-2003-03 March 26, 2003 Department of Computer Science 4700 Keele Street North is obtained by projecting light patterns onto the object's surface and inferring surface structure-board instruments from solar radiation. Figure 1 is a NASA photograph of the Hubble Space Telescope on orbit

Jenkin, Michael R. M.

350

2011 Chemical Reactions at Surfaces Gordon Research Conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gordon Research Conference on Chemical Reactions at Surfaces is dedicated to promoting and advancing the fundamental science of interfacial chemistry and physics by providing surface scientists with the foremost venue for presentation and discussion of research occurring at the frontiers of their fields.

Peter Stair

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

351

Chemistry and materials science progress report, FY 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is reported in the areas of surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, transactinide materials and properties and other indirectly related areas of weapons research.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

2014 CHEMICAL REACTIONS AT SURFACES GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE AND GORDON RESEARCH SEMINAR (APRIL 28-MAY 3, 2013 - LES DIABLERETS CONFERENCE CENTER, LES DIABLERETS, SWITZERLAND)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

presentations on chemistry at solid and liquid surfaces of relevance to catalysis, synthesis, photochemistry, environmental science, and tribology. Topics include: Fundamental Surface Chemistry; Catalysis; Solid Liquid and Aerosol Interfaces; Surface Photochemistry; Synthesis of Surfaces; Environmental Interfaces; Hot Topics in Surface Chemical Reactions; Tribology; Gas-Surface Scattering and Reactions; Novel Materials and Environments.

Stair, Peter C.

2013-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

353

Computer Science | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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354

Nuclear Science | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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355

Nuclear Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

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356

Nuclear Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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357

NREL: Energy Sciences - Materials Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements ofLiz Torres PhotoMaterials Science Learn about our

358

E-Science Day  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on December 6, 2011, E-Science Day was a day-long event,regional librarians in e-science, and to expose regionalthe initiation of e-science support projects within their

Abad, Raquel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

BES Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Directors of the Office of Science, Office of AdvancedOffice of Basic Energy Sciences. This is LBNL report LBNL-BES Science Network Requirements Report of the Basic Energy

Dart, Eli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

COMPUTER SCIENCE SAMPLE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTER SCIENCE SAMPLE PROGRAM (First Math Course MATH 198) This sample program suggests one way CS 181: Foundations of Computer Science II CS 180: Foundations of Computer Science I CS 191

Gering, Jon C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Computer Science Induction to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Induction to Postgraduate Research Studies Ulrich Berger Head of Postgraduate Research Supervision Regulations Progression Regulations Computer Science Induction to Postgraduate Research Studies Ulrich Berger Head of Postgraduate Research Department of Computer Science Swansea

Berger, Ulrich

362

E-Science Day  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

initiation of e-science support projects within their ownapplications of e-science-related projects and initiatives.in future e-science planning. This project has been funded

Abad, Raquel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Communicating Evolution as Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thuringiensis toxins. Science. 1992;258(5087):1451–5. MillerRT, Ruse M. But is it science? Amherst, NY: Prometheusto the philosophy of science: theory and reality. Chicago:

Thanukos, Anastasia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Development of New User Research Capabilities in Environmental Molecular Science: Workshop Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On August 1, and 2, 2006, 104 scientists representing 40 institutions including 24 Universities and 5 National Laboratories gathered at the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a National scientific user facility, to outline important science challenges for the next decade and identify major capabilities needed to pursue advanced research in the environmental molecular sciences. EMSL’s four science themes served as the framework for the workshop. The four science themes are 1) Biological Interactions and Interfaces, 2) Geochemistry/Biogeochemistry and Surface Science, 3) Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry, and 4) Science of Interfacial Phenomena.

Felmy, Andrew R.; Baer, Donald R.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Gephart, Roy E.; Rosso, Kevin M.

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

History of Science Science and Empire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Margaret Lock (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), 305- 29. Fanon, Frantz. "Medicine) Basalla, George. "The Spread of Western Science." Science 156, no. 3775 (1967): 611-22. Bocking, Stephen

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

366

subsurface science | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subsurface science subsurface science Leads No leads are available at this time. Competing retention pathways of uranium upon reaction with Fe(II). Abstract: Biogeochemical...

367

INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Pod vodĆrenskou v 2, 182 07 Prague 8, Czech Republic. phone: (+420)266052083 ...

368

INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Pod vodrenskou v 2, 182 07 Prague 8, Czech Republic. phone: (+4202) 6884244 ...

369

Space Science and Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Space Science and Applications Applying world-class expertise in space sciences and associated technologies to detect and characterize national security threats Contacts Group...

370

Applied Computer Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computing CCS Division Applied Computer Science Applied Computer Science Innovative co-design of applications, algorithms, and architectures in order to enable scientific...

371

Information & Computer Sciences Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences Mathematics Microbiology Physics & Astronomy www.hawaii.edu/natsci2014 NAT SCI #12;Table 8 Department of Information & Computer Sciences 9 Department of Mathematics

372

Science Research Library  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Founded in 1952, the library has extensive resources in nuclear physics, chemistry, heat transfer and fluid flow, materials science, energy, and computer science. The...

373

Applied Computer Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science and Innovation Computing CCS Division CCS-7 Applied Computer Science Innovative co-design of applications, algorithms, and architectures in order to enable...

374

Publications | Neutron Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Publications SHARE Publications The Neutron Science publications system contains peer-reviewed publications based on research conducted at ORNL's Neutron Science facilities or...

375

Metal Hydrides - Science Needs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

with traditions in metal hydride research Metal and Ceramic Sciences Condensed Matter Physics Materials Chemistry Chemical and Biological Sciences Located on campus of Tier...

376

Master of Science Physikalische  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master of Science Physikalische Ingenieurwissenschaft Engineering Science Beratungsstellen EPFL· Aufbau des Studiums Der Masterstudiengang Physikalische Ingenieurwissenschaft Berufsfelder Zugangsvoraussetzungen Verlauf des Studiums Der Masterstudiengang Physikalische Ingenieurwissen- schaft bereitet aufgrund

Berlin,Technische Universität

377

Bradbury Science Museum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February Newsletter now availableFind out what's happening @ the Bradbury Science Museum in our latest monthly newsletter. Plan your visit entrance to Bradbury Science Museum...

378

OPTICAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERINGOPTICAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERINGOPTICAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERINGOPTICAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING University of New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE & ENGINEERING University of New Mexico Abstract: Anderson localization has been of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He received his Ph

New Mexico, University of

379

N.P. Basse1 Plasma Science and Fusion Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) The energy spectrum E(k) is related to P(k) through E(k) = Ad × P(k), where Ad is the surface area 33rd IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Traverse City, Michigan, USA (2006) A study of multiscale density fluctuations Work supported by US DoE Office of Fusion Energy Sciences #12;Introduction

Basse, Nils Plesner

380

Security Science & Technology | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Science & Technology Border Security Comprehensive Vulnerability and Threat Analysis Consequence Management, Safeguards, and Non-Proliferation Tools Export...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

School of Mathematical & Computer Sciences Dept of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Mathematical & Computer Sciences Dept of Computer Science BSc Computer Systems Programme & Computer Sciences Dept of Computer Science BSc Computer Systems Programme Handbook 2014 Watt University .......................................................................................................6 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences

Painter, Kevin

382

Human sciences The human sciences database contains approximately 254 academic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human sciences The human sciences database contains approximately 254 academic journals and statistical reports on the following subjects: (comparative literature, theology, history and geography, education, psychology, arts, languages and Library Science) Social sciences The social sciences database

383

146 Earth Science 147 Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

146 Earth Science 147 Earth Science ESCI 101 The Earth or ESCI 102 Evolution of the Earth or ESCI 107 Oceans and Global Change or ESCI 108 Crises of the Earth ESCI 105 Introductory Lab for Earth Geophysics I ESCI 444 Exploration Geophysics II or ESCI 446 Solid Earth Geophysics Math and Other Sciences

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

384

Political Science The School of Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

236 Political Science The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Studentsmajoringinpoliticalscienceareencouragedtoachievebothabroadunder- standing of the field and a specialized knowledge of one or more aspects of political science, including American and comparative politics, international relations (see also majors in managerial studies

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

385

Ethics in Science, Science Communication, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrity. #12;Ethics and Technology: of Birds and Wind Turbines? Response 1: Discredit critics WorkEthics in Science, Science Communication, and Wind Power Generation Clark Wolf Director to Ethics Ethical issues in wind generation? Ethical issues in science and technology communications #12

McCalley, James D.

386

Master of Science in Applied Science Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master of Science in Applied Science Education Student Handbook Division of Teacher Education, MI 49931 Telephone: (906) 487-2460 Fax: (906) 487-2468 Email: brad@mtu.edu www.ed.mtu.edu Update 6................................................................................................... 12 Elective Education and Science Courses.................................................. 12

387

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95111 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95­111 © 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology SURFACE AND INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD-PVC COMPOSITE: IMAGING MORPHOLOGY AND WETTING wetting behavior of wood-PVC composites in this study. Two-dimensional and time-dependent profiles

388

Life Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceE CAnalyticalOpportunityLiekoLifeLife

389

Materials Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImports 5.90 4.86(NHMFL)X-RayMaterials

390

Materials Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImports 5.90

391

CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Soybean Breeding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Soybean Breeding Committee Membership Dr. Joseph Bouton - committee chair Dr. Brian Schwartz Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia Center

Arnold, Jonathan

392

CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Forage Breeding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Forage Breeding Committee Membership Dr. Joseph Bouton - committee chair Dr. Brian Schwartz Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia Center

Arnold, Jonathan

393

Department of Earth Sciences Syracuse University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Hydraulic Fracturing". Environmental Science & Technology, in press. 25. Hardisty, D.S., Lu, Z., Planavsky and in press: 26. Lautz, L.K., Hoke, G.D., Lu, Z., Siegel, D.I., Christian, K., Kessler, J.D., and Teale, N of Paleoproterozoic surface ocean oxygenation". Geology, in press. 24. Limburg, K.E., Walther, B.D., Lu, Z., Jackman

Doyle, Robert

394

Earth Science Division Overview Unidata Policy Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Division Focus Areas Shanghai Beijing #12;USGCRP NACP: North American Carbon Program http on Earth's climate, the ozone layer and how much solar energy the Earth retains. To improve our and Ecosystems Climate Variability and Change Weather Water and Energy Cycle Earth Surface and Interior Earth

395

Education research Primary Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

396

Science Serving Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings Greening Transportation Green Purchasing & Green Technology Pollution Prevention Science Serving Sustainability ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOALS at...

397

COMPUTER SCIENCE Steve Reeves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOGIC FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE Steve Reeves and Mike Clarke Department of Computer Science Queen Mary and Westfield College University of London U.K. Department of Computer Science University of Waikato New Zealand to 1990 edition Aims The aim of this book is to give students of computer science a working knowledge

Spitters, Bas

398

Computer Science Revised Edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Revised Edition December 2004 #12;Quality Assurance Netherlands Universities (QANU of the Assessment Aspects 11 2 Structure and Funding of Computer Science in the Netherlands 13 2.1 Flow of Funds 13 2.2 Graduate Schools 13 2.3 Societal Relevance of Computer Science 14 3 Comments on Computer Science

van Rooij, Robert

399

UNDERGRADUATE Political Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK Political Science Memorial University mun.ca/posc #12;UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK Reflects Renewed Curriculum Effective Academic Year 2010-11 Department of Political Science Room). Prepared by Political Science students and the Department for Political Science students, with special

Oyet, Alwell

400

MISSISSIPPI ACADEMY OF SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISSISSIPPI ACADEMY OF SCIENCES SEVENTY-SECOND ANNUAL MEETING February 20-22, 2008 Whispering Woods of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences Volume 53 January 2008 Number 1 Boyle Mississippi State University The Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences (ISSN 0076

Fernandez, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2004-2005 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:`Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

402

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2008/2009 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

403

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2006-2007 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

404

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2007/2008 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

405

UNDERGRADUATE Materials Science & Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK Materials Science & Engineering 2013 2014 #12;STUDYING FOR A MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEGREE Materials Science and Engineering inter-twines numerous disciplines that still gives the students the opportunity to study science while earning an engineering degree. Materials

Tipple, Brett

406

Materials Science & Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials Science & Engineering The University of Utah 2014-15 Undergraduate Handbook #12;STUDYING FOR A MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEGREE Materials Science and Engineering inter-twines numerous disciplines that still gives the students the opportunity to study science while earning an engineering degree. Materials

Simons, Jack

407

Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Program Ecampus Advising Guide Revised 08/24/12 20122013 #12;Page 2 of 29 | Rev. 08/24/12 Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Program: A Hands reach these objectives, Oregon State University's Environmental Sciences Bachelor of Sciences degree

Kurapov, Alexander

408

Environmental Science: Sample Pathway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Science: Sample Pathway Semester I Semester II Freshman Year CGS Core CGS Core GE 100 Intro to Env Science ES 105 Env Earth Science Sophomore Year CGS Core (CGS NS201 will fulfill CAS BI107 & 124) MA 115 Statistics Summer Environmental Internship Junior Year CH 171 Chem for Health Sciences CH

Goldberg, Bennett

409

Agricultural and Food Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) #12;86 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Undergraduate Catalogue 2014­15 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Officers-level courses in agriculture were offered by the School of Arts and Sciences at AUB as early as 1914. Between

410

Graduate studies Ecosystem Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graduate studies in Ecosystem Science and Management Ph.D. M.S. M.Agr. or Natural Resources Development MNRD Department of Ecosystem Science and Management College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The thesisbased Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees are designed for research or academic careers

411

Nuclear Science & Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1 Nuclear Science & Engineering Nuclear Energy Present and Future Ian H. Hutchinson Head, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering CoPrincipal, Alcator Tokamak Project, Plasma Science and Fusion Science & Engineering Nuclear Power Plants Worldwide · US: 103 plants in operation, none under

412

Extreme-UV lithography system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photolithography system that employs a condenser that includes a series of aspheric mirrors on one side of a small, incoherent source of radiation producing a series of beams is provided. Each aspheric mirror images the quasi point source into a curved line segment. A relatively small arc of the ring image is needed by the camera; all of the beams are so manipulated that they all fall onto this same arc needed by the camera. Also, all of the beams are aimed through the camera's virtual entrance pupil. The condenser includes a correcting mirror for reshaping a beam segment which improves the overall system efficiency. The condenser efficiently fills the larger radius ringfield created by today's advanced camera designs. The system further includes (i) means for adjusting the intensity profile at the camera's entrance pupil or (ii) means for partially shielding the illumination imaging onto the mask or wafer. The adjusting means can, for example, change at least one of: (i) partial coherence of the photolithography system, (ii) mask image illumination uniformity on the wafer or (iii) centroid position of the illumination flux in the entrance pupil. A particularly preferred adjusting means includes at least one vignetting mask that covers at least a portion of the at least two substantially equal radial segments of the parent aspheric mirror.

Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA); Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Solvent Immersion Imprint Lithography. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSite CulturalDepartment2)isomerase from GiardiaA CombinedSolvent

414

Center for Quantum Science and Engineering Weekly Seminar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

semiconductor related materials processing, display technology, gas laser, surface cleaning, surface-temperature plasmas (or gas discharges) have found numerous applications in modern science and technology, including the N-S equations and fluid modeling equations are discretized using cell-centered collocated finite-volume

Wu, Yih-Min

415

NERSC Science Gateways Open New Pathways to 'Team Science'  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NERSC's Science Gateways Pave Way for 'Team Science' NERSC Gateways Pave Way for 'Team Science' Computational scientists at NERSC work with researchers around the globe to develop...

416

Science DMZ at the University of Florida  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UF Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU...

417

Science DMZ Implemented at CU Boulder  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studies Science DMZ @ CU Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science...

418

Climate & Environmental Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand...

419

Science Education | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science & Innovation Science Education Science Education August 18, 2014 VIDEO: Shaping Tomorrow's Wind Energy Leaders Go behind the scenes to learn how students are gaining the...

420

?? / Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

question when considering science and technology in Japanese?? /Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science Tsukahara T?go Translationto incorporate and develop science and technology from the

Tsukahara, T?go

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Science Education | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science & Innovation Science Education Science Education April 30, 2014 Photo courtesy of the Alliance to Save Energy. Needed And Wanted: Women Leaders To Help Create A New...

422

Plant Science Graduates Spring 2011 Bachelor of Science in Plant Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plant Science Graduates Spring 2011 Bachelor of Science in Plant Sciences Joshua Paul Baker, Old Dale Wallace, Centerville Master of Science Reginald Jason Millwood, Plant Sciences Kara Lee Warwick, Plant Sciences Undergraduate Degrees, Summer Term 2011 Henry Joseph Cope, III, Plant Sciences David

Tennessee, University of

423

Neon time-of-flight backscattering spectrometry for surface analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE August 2001 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering NEON TIME-OF-FLIGHT BACKSCATTERING SPECTROMETRY FOR SURFACE ANALYSIS A Thesis by RICHARD MICHAEL GARCIA Submitted to Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Ron R. Hart (Chair of Committee) Frederick R. Best (Member) Richard B. Gri fin (Member) Alan E. Waltar (Head of Department) August 2001 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering...

Garcia, Richard Michael

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

External Science Review Report of the External Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 External Science Review Report of the External Science Review Committee The Nature Conservancy and Design: Lee Meinicke Jonathan Adams Design and Layout: Naomi Nickerson #12;3 External Science Review............................................................................................................................... 10 The Challenge of Changing Conservation and Changing Science

Power, Mary Eleanor

425

Materials sciences programs, fiscal year 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Division of Materials Sciences is located within the DOE in the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in strategic materials science topics of critical importance to the mission of the Department and its Strategic Plan. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship amongst the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences sub-fields include physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 458 research programs including 216 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 242 research grants (233 for universities), and 9 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the SBIR Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F contains descriptions of other user facilities; G, a summary of funding levels; and H, indices characterizing research projects.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Political Science Political science studies power--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Science Political science studies power-- who holds it, how it is exercised, and how our lives are influenced by politicians, bureaucrats, and other politically important institutions and individuals. This program introduces you to political, economic, social and environmental issues in Canada

427

Health Sciences LSU Health Sciences Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Storage Telecommunications > 2,900 Telephones and 1,298 Mobile Devices Web / Email ­ 120 Websites, 51 Web/16/2011 5 #12;Health Sciences Center Challenge Two: IT Security · Goal ­ Provide an IT infrastructure/16/2011 6 #12;Health Sciences Center IT Security Policy ­ CM 42 Information Technology Infrastructure

428

surface chemistry | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface chemistry surface chemistry Leads No leads are available at this time. FeSSZ-13 as an NH3-SCR Catalyst: A Reaction Kinetics and FTIRMössbauer Spectroscopic Study....

429

Mobile Bradbury Science Museum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bradbury science museum entrance Bradbury Science Museum 1350 Central Avenue Los Alamos, NM 87544 Phone: 505-667-4444 Hours Tuesday - Saturday, 10-5 Sunday & Monday, 1-5 Admission...

430

Institute for Materials Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute for Material Science Who we are and what we do 2:23 Institute for Materials Science: Alexander V. Balatsky IMS is an interdisciplinary research and educational center...

431

Computer Science & Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science & Engineering at the University of Minnesota Yearsof excellence 40 Department the department head history of the computer science & engineering department Timeline Faculty Awards Software & project highlights Architectures & Compilers Bioinformatics & Computational Biology Data Mining, Databases

Weiblen, George D

432

Fact Sheet HEALTH SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Long Term Care Administrator · Training Coordinator · Clinical Health Education Specialist · Health Media Director · Long Term Care Facilities Manager Fact Sheet HEALTH SCIENCE Highlights · Health Science

Su, Xiao

433

Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

Hazi, A U

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Science and the Public A Review of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science and the Public A Review of Science Communication and Public Attitudes to Science in Britain Office of Science and Technology #12;Foreword The Office of Science and Technology and the Wellcome Trust have jointly sponsored this research to help science communicators think about the information needs

Rambaut, Andrew

435

Science Career & Cooperative Education Burke Science Building Room 127  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Career & Cooperative Education Burke Science Building Room 127 www.science event. Visit the SCCE website to find event dates and details: www.science.mcmaster.ca/scce Attend a Co visit: www.science.mcmaster.ca/scce Enroll in SCIENCE 2C00 to learn the skills for career success

Hitchcock, Adam P.

436

Surface and Interface Science Physics 627; Chemistry 542  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Insulator; wide or narrow bandgap semiconductor; Superconductor; ferroelectric; multiferroic ; ... Focus+ · Bridge and in-plane oxygen · (1 x 1) LEED pattern, STM · Rumpling and relaxation 3. Role of point defects rings, but some 5-member 4. Range of bond angles around 104 deg 5. Bridging and non-bridging oxygens

Glashausser, Charles

437

EISEVIER Surface Science 307-309 (1994) 377-383 ......~`..`:.:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), and CO chemisorption combined with infrared reflection absorption-energy electron diffraction (LEED) and TPD capabilities. Manipulator- capabilities allowed for resistive heating beam heating assembly. The crystals

Goodman, Wayne

438

Studies in biological surface science: microfluidics, photopatterning and artificial bilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the following projects. Chapters III and IV describe the creation of a microfluidic device capable of generating fixed arrays of concentration gradients. Experimental results were matched with computational fluid dynamics simulations to predict analyte...

Holden, Matthew Alexander

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

Understanding Automotive Exhaust Catalysts Using a Surface Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layeredof2014National Nuclear23, 2014 Meetingsays |by

440

Understanding Practical Catalysts Using a Surface Science Approach: The  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layeredof2014National Nuclear23, 2014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - STM for Oxide Surfaces,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStanding Friedel Waves,Theory ofInstitute (NTI):CNMSMolecular

442

LANL: Facility Focus, MST-6 Materials Surface Science Investigations Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathanMultimaterial2RecoveryBioenergy »0 Los1 CPO:

443

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Surface and Interface Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systems controller systems ScaledTableTableTable (HTML):TableOfficeHome

444

New Science for Chemicals Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the State-of-the-Science of Endocrine Disruptors (WHO,461, 472 (2009). 17. NRC, Science and Decisions: AdvancingPOLICYFORUM SCIENCE AND REGULATION New Science for Chemicals

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

International Journal of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Journal of Computer Science & Information Security © IJCSIS PUBLICATION 2010 IJCSIS Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS) provides a major venue for rapid publication of high quality computer science research, including multimedia, information science, security, mobile

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

COMPUTER SCIENCE: MISCONCEPTIONS, CAREER PATHS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTER SCIENCE: MISCONCEPTIONS, CAREER PATHS AND RESEARCH CHALLENGES School of Computing Undergraduate Student) #12;Computer Science Misconceptions Intro to Computer Science - Florida International University 2 Some preconceived ideas & stereotypes about Computer Science (CS) are quite common

Hristidis, Vagelis

447

SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION DIJKSTRA, SENGUL, WANG INTRODUCTION LINEAR THEORY MAIN THEOREMS CONCLUDING REMARKS DYNAMIC TRANSITIONS OF SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION H.Dijkstra T. Sengul S. Wang #12;SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION DIJKSTRA, SENGUL, WANG INTRODUCTION LINEAR THEORY MAIN THEOREMS

Wang, Shouhong

448

COLLEGE OF SCIENCE Nanoscience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF SCIENCE Nanoscience COLLEGE OF SCIENCE Nanoscience The Bachelor of Science in Nanoscience, new for 2015, is the degree for those who wish to study, work, explore, and create - consumer electronics, personal care products, clothing, and even solar panels. Nanoscience lies

Crawford, T. Daniel

449

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE ... What's the Difference? goeng1@mcmaster.ca www). Software Engineering covers the course content listed under Computer Science, with some additions. Software). Software Engineering students will graduate with a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng). Computer Science

Bone, Gary

450

INDIAN NATIONAL SCIENCE ACADEMY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDIAN NATIONAL SCIENCE ACADEMY Science academies play a crucial role in promoting, recognizing and bring out proceedings and monographs. The academies promote public awareness and understanding the country. In this section the growth of the Indian National Science Academy and its functions

Srinivasan, N.

451

MISSISSIPPI ACADEMY OF SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISSISSIPPI ACADEMY OF SCIENCES SIXTY-SIXTH ANNUAL MEETING February 21 & 22, 2002 BILOXI Mississippi #12;Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences-9436) is published in January (annual meeting abstracts), April, July, and October, by the Mississippi Academy

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

452

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1­012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

Agricultural and Food Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) #12;88 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Graduate Catalogue 2013­14 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Officers aims to offer specialized training in a variety of fields in food and agriculture, and to prepare

454

Biomedical Sciences DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BSc (Hons) Biomedical Sciences DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;2 BSc (Hons) Biomedical of programmes within the disciplines taught by the Biomedical Sciences and Molecular & Cell Biology sections of Biomedical Sciences and Molecular & Cell Biology in that it covers the scientific requirement of first year

Levi, Ran

455

Effect of sanitizer treatments on Salmonella enterica serotype Poona on the surface of cantaloupe and cell transfer to the internal tissue during cutting practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF SANITIZER TREATMENTS ON SALMONELLA ENTERICA SEROTYPE POONA ON THE SURFACE OF CANTALOUPE... December 2004 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology EFFECT OF SANITIZER TREATMENTS...

Vadlamudi, Sasi

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

456

Computer Science Graduation Requirements Checklist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Graduation Requirements Checklist ­ Fall 2008 Computer Science Courses Course Gr. Sem. Comments CSE 114 Computer Science I [prerequisite: CSE 110] CSE 214 Computer Science II CSE 215 Foundations of Computer Science CSE 219 Computer Science III CSE 220 Computer Organization CSE 300 Writing

Zadok, Erez

457

Computer Science Graduation Requirements Checklist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Graduation Requirements Checklist ­ Fall 2009 Computer Science Courses Course Gr. Sem. Comments CSE 114 Computer Science I [prerequisite: CSE 110] CSE 214 Computer Science II CSE 215 Foundations of Computer Science CSE 219 Computer Science III CSE 220 Computer Organization CSE 300 Writing

Zadok, Erez

458

COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND FOOD SCIENCE Strategic Plan 2013-2017 #12;2 College of Science, Engineering and Food Science - Strategic Plan 2013-2017 #12;Contents 3 College of Science, Engineering and Food Science - Strategic Plan 2013-2017 section page 1. Introduction 04 2. Mission in Context 05 3

Schellekens, Michel P.

459

Surface cleanliness measurement procedure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A procedure and tools for quantifying surface cleanliness are described. Cleanliness of a target surface is quantified by wiping a prescribed area of the surface with a flexible, bright white cloth swatch, preferably mounted on a special tool. The cloth picks up a substantial amount of any particulate surface contamination. The amount of contamination is determined by measuring the reflectivity loss of the cloth before and after wiping on the contaminated system and comparing that loss to a previous calibration with similar contamination. In the alternative, a visual comparison of the contaminated cloth to a contamination key provides an indication of the surface cleanliness.

Schroder, Mark Stewart (Hendersonville, NC); Woodmansee, Donald Ernest (Simpsonville, SC); Beadie, Douglas Frank (Greenville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

GR via Characteristic Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reformulate the Einstein equations as equations for families of surfaces on a four-manifold. These surfaces eventually become characteristic surfaces for an Einstein metric (with or without sources). In particular they are formulated in terms of two functions on R4xS2, i.e. the sphere bundle over space-time, - one of the functions playing the role of a conformal factor for a family of associated conformal metrics, the other function describing an S2's worth of surfaces at each space-time point. It is from these families of surfaces themselves that the conformal metric - conformal to an Einstein metric - is constructed; the conformal factor turns them into Einstein metrics. The surfaces are null surfaces with respect to this metric.

Simonetta Frittelli; Carlos Kozameh; Ted Newman

1995-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

BES Science Network Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivityfor the US Department of Energy Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office ofScience programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years.

Dart, Eli; Tierney, Brian; Dart, Eli; Biocca, A.; Carlson, R.; Chen, J.; Cotter, S.; Dattoria, V.; Davenport, J.; Gaenko, A.; Kent, P.; Lamm, M.; Miller, S.; Mundy, C.; Ndousse, T.; Pederson, M.; Perazzo, A.; Popescu, R.; Rouson, D.; Sekine, Y.; Sumpter, B.; Wang, C.-Z.; Whitelam, S.; Zurawski, J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Morphological differences in bromeliad leaf surfaces: influence on copper uptake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MORPHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES IN BROMELIAD LEAF SURFACES: INFLUENCE ON COPPER UPTAKE A Thesis by BARBARA DEE FISHER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1978 Major Subject: Horticulture MORPHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES IN BROMELIAD LEAF SURFACES: INFLUENCE ON COPPER UPTAKE A Thesis by BARBARA DEE FISHER Approved as to style and content by: hairman of Committee Member Head of Department M...

Fisher, Barbara Dee

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Electrochimica Acta 92 (2013) 484490 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, People's Republic of China c Suzhou Institute, oxygen vacancies are formed on the metal oxide surface due to chemisorption of oxygen, which later3) comes in contact with the metal oxide surface, it reacts with surface oxygen, which then leads

464

Science, Computational Science and Computer Science: At a D. E. Stevenson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, Computational Science and Computer Science: At a Crossroads D. E. Stevenson Department of Computer Science Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634­1906 (803) 656­5880 or steve@cs.clemson.edu August 16, 1993 Abstract We describe computational science as an inter­ disciplinary approach to doing science

Hallstrom, Jason

465

Master of Science in Chemistry/Master of Science in Environmental Science (Public and Environmental Affairs)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master of Science in Chemistry/Master of Science in Environmental Science (Public and Environmental and Environmental Affairs for study toward a M.S. degree in Chemistry and a M.S. in Environmental Science and environmental science, distributed among the following six areas of chemistry and environmental science: (1

de Souza, Romualdo T.

466

Science/Fusion Energy Sciences FY 2007 Congressional Budget Fusion Energy Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science/Fusion Energy Sciences FY 2007 Congressional Budget Fusion Energy Sciences Funding Profile Adjustments FY 2006 Current Appropriation FY 2007 Request Fusion Energy Sciences Science,182 Total, Fusion Energy Sciences........... 266,947b 290,550 -2,906 287,644 318,950 Public Law

467

Science/Fusion Energy Sciences FY 2011 Congressional Budget Fusion Energy Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science/Fusion Energy Sciences FY 2011 Congressional Budget Fusion Energy Sciences Funding Profile FY 2010 Current Appropriation FY 2011 Request Fusion Energy Sciences Science 163,479 +57,399 182, Fusion Energy Sciences 394,518b +91,023 426,000 380,000 Public Law Authorizations: Public Law 95

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous solution surfaces Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mountain Project, US EPA Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 48 Definitions CaX(s) + 90 Summary: species onto a solid surface. Adsorption Edge - the pH range where...

469

2010 National Science Bowl Photos | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

0 National Science Bowl Photos National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni...

470

Past National Science Bowl Photos | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Photos National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni Past National Science Bowl...

471

2011 National Science Bowl Photos | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

1 National Science Bowl Photos National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni...

472

SURFACE COMPLETION OF SHAPE AND TEXTURE BASED ON ENERGY MINIMIZATION Norihiko Kawai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE COMPLETION OF SHAPE AND TEXTURE BASED ON ENERGY MINIMIZATION Norihiko Kawai , Avideh Zakhor Yokoya Graduate School of Information Science Nara Institute of Science and Technology 8916-5 Takayama- ing two energy functions for shape and texture, which are both based on similarities between

Zakhor, Avideh

473

Experimental and theoretical evaluation of surface plasmon-coupled emission for sensitive fluorescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Centre for Sensor Research School of Physical Sciences Glasnevin Dublin 9, Ireland Joerg Enderlein Diagnostics Institute BDI National Centre for Sensor Research School of Physical Sciences Glasnevin Dublin 9 of the advantages offered by SPCE of highly direc- tional emission and surface selectivity. © 2008 Society of Photo

Enderlein, Jörg

474

Annals of Glaciology 52(59) 2011 99 Modeling surface-roughness/solar-ablation feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, 2455 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 to small-scale surface channels and crevasses of the Greenland ice sheet L. Maclagan CATHLES,1 Dorian S. ABBOT,1 Jeremy N. BASSIS,2 Douglas R. MacAYEAL1 1 Department of Geophysical Sciences, University

Abbot, Dorian Schuyler

475

Science & Technology Review September/October 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This issue has the following articles: (1) Answering Scientists Most Audacious Questions--Commentary by Dona Crawford; (2) Testing the Accuracy of the Supernova Yardstick--High-resolution simulations are advancing understanding of Type Ia supernovae to help uncover the mysteries of dark energy; (3) Developing New Drugs and Personalized Medical Treatment--Accelerator mass spectrometry is emerging as an essential tool for assessing the effects of drugs in humans; (4) Triage in a Patch--A painless skin patch and accompanying detector can quickly indicate human exposure to biological pathogens, chemicals, explosives, or radiation; and (5) Smoothing Out Defects for Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography--A process for smoothing mask defects helps move extreme ultraviolet lithography one step closer to creating smaller, more powerful computer chips.

Bearinger, J P

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

EMSL - surface chemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface-chemistry en FeSSZ-13 as an NH3-SCR Catalyst: A Reaction Kinetics and FTIRMössbauer Spectroscopic Study. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications...

477

The use of Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) for biomedical applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to poor data reproducibility. The different methods examined to create robust SERS substrates include the creation of thermally evaporated silver island films on microscope glass slides, using the technique of Nanosphere Lithography (NSL) to create...

Chowdhury, Mustafa Habib

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

478

Surface Reconstruction with Feature Preservation based on Graph-cuts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

features. The effectiveness of the weighted minimal surface model E(S) is examined in the tetrahedral mesh is a very close approximation to the global minimum of EC (S). Various examples show the effectiveness Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371. E-mail: wanm0003@e.ntu.edu.sg, {desheng,xctai}@ntu

Soatto, Stefano

479

Science, Religion, and Science Fiction James Ross Macdonald  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1- Science, Religion, and Science Fiction James Ross Macdonald 5 May 1998; updated June 2005! First, a few words about science. Here is a pertinent definition of its main roles. (Jane Lubchenco, Science 279(1998)491) "Science is the pursuit of knowledge about how the world works, a pursuit

Macdonald, James Ross

480

Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index Benjamin Motz Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Cognitive Science Program, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington of films depict- ing themes in cognitive science and the potential power of popular cinema for outreach

Indiana University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lithography surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE With a Major in COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE With a Major in COMPUTER SCIENCE The Bachelor of Science (BS) degree is intended for students who wish to pursue a professional degree program in Computer Science. Students planning to do graduate work in computer science are strongly advised to pursue this degree program

Delene, David J.

482

SCIENCE ON STAGE TOWARDS A REJUVENATED SCIENCE TEACHING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE ON STAGE ­ TOWARDS A REJUVENATED SCIENCE TEACHING IN EUROPE Claus Madsen ESO, Karl as every-day experience of many science teachers sug- gest a `disconnect' between the tenants of traditional, formal science teaching and contemporary youth culture. Clearly formal science teaching fails

Madsen, Claus

483

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS & SCIENCES Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS & SCIENCES winter 2009 Department of Computer Science All science is computer science. Alumni Newsletter David Weiss, Lanh and Oanh Nguyen Endowed Chair of Software Engineering) 294-7612. Atanasoff Today Iowa State University Department of Computer Science 226 Atanasoff Hall Ames

Mayfield, John

484

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 College of Liberal Arts and Sciences winter 2008 Department of Computer Science All science is computer science. Alumni Newsletter Norm Farrington A long history with the department #12;2 Carl Chang, friends, students and faculty of the Department of Computer Science at Iowa State University, an academic

Mayfield, John

485

Roadmap: Computer Science Information Security -Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Computer Science ­ Information Security -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-CS-INSE] College of Arts and Sciences Department of Computer Science Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 2 | Last Updated: 3 Major GPA Important Notes Semester One: [16 Credit Hours] CS 13001 Computer Science I: Programming

Sheridan, Scott

486

Roadmap: Computer Science Game Programming -Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Computer Science ­ Game Programming -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-CS-GMPR] College of Arts and Sciences Department of Computer Science Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 2 | Last Updated: 3-Apr-13/LNHD Important Notes Semester One: [16 Credit Hours] CS 13001 Computer Science I: Programming and Problem Solving

Sheridan, Scott

487

Computer Science' at Swansea Computer Science at Swansea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science #12;Computer Science' at Swansea Welcome Computer Science at Swansea Computer are transforming the world. Computer Science is a young academic subject and rich in applications, since computing, aural and visual information. Computer Science is the discipline that leads the long tradition

Grant, P. W.

488

Windows on Computer Science Department of Computer and Information Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CSCI 120 Windows on Computer Science Department of Computer and Information Science IUPUI What is Computer Science? Is Computer Science the study of computers (Building computers, and writing computer programs) ? Computer Science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes, or biology

Fang, Shiaofen

489

Geological SciencesGeological Sciences Geological EngineeringGeological Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geological SciencesGeological Sciences Geological EngineeringGeological Engineering Geosciences Careers in the ik ou ve n ver see t b f rel e y ' e n i e o ! Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering Queen's University See the World Geological Sciences Arts and Science Faculty

Ellis, Randy

490

Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Computer Science The Computational Science in science and engineering. This CSE Certificate option is not an academic major or minor, but an additional credential only available to students currently enrolled in the Computer Science undergraduate degree program

Gilbert, Matthew

491

Virginia Tech College of Science Faculty Position in Computational Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virginia Tech College of Science Faculty Position in Computational Science The College of Science at Virginia Tech ( http://science.vt.edu) is expanding its research presence in the interdisciplinary field of Computational Science and Data Analytics. Thus, Virginia Tech has a tenure- track opening in Computational

Virginia Tech

492

BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences As a professional working in the field of biomedical science, you'll perform essential tests that are vital to the well-being of our society. The BioMedical/Medical Laboratory Science, Cytotechnology, Biomedical Sciences and Public Health Microbiology. The Diagnostic

Saldin, Dilano

493

Isotope Development & Production | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Science & Technology Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation & Validation Nuclear Systems Technology Reactor Technology Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery |...

494

Biomolecular Science (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief fact sheet about NREL Photobiology and Biomolecular Science. The research goal of NREL's Biomolecular Science is to enable cost-competitive advanced lignocellulosic biofuels production by understanding the science critical for overcoming biomass recalcitrance and developing new product and product intermediate pathways. NREL's Photobiology focuses on understanding the capture of solar energy in photosynthetic systems and its use in converting carbon dioxide and water directly into hydrogen and advanced biofuels.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK FOR THE TEACHER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR THE TEACHER INTRODUCTION What is Science Optics and You? ...................................................... Using Centers to Teach Science Organizers ........................................................................... Integrating Science

Weston, Ken

496

Climate & Environmental Sciences | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate Change Science Institute Earth and Aquatic Sciences Ecosystem Science Environmental Data Science and Systems Energy-Water Resource Systems Human...

497

Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Broom, Belt, Carpet) Shot Peened Exposed Aggregate Porous (Pervious) Concrete Milled HMA and SurfaceImproving Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics Pooled Fund TPF-5(139) National Concrete do with this knowledge? #12;Better Design and Construction Practices for Texturing Concrete Pavement

498

Fusion Energy Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017 The NERSC Program Requirements Review "Large Scale Production Computing and...

499

EMSL - subsurface science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

science en Competing retention pathways of uranium upon reaction with Fe(II). http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationscompeting-retention-pathways-uranium-upon-reaction-feii...

500

Science of Signatures Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Science of Signatures-Past Programs Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email Professional Staff Assistant Jutta Kayser (505) 663-5649 Email...