National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for literature review geothermometry

  1. Patients Participate! Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    Patients Participate! Literature Review Usability and human factors in citizen science projects ..............................................What is a citizen science project?! 4 .................................Human factors in citizen science projects! 6 General factors to be considered when carrying out a citizen science

  2. Improved Geothermometry Through Multivariate Reaction Path Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Improved Geothermometry Through Multivariate Reaction Path Modeling and Evaluation of Geomicrobiological Influences on Geochemical Temperature Indicators Improved Geothermometry...

  3. Lysimeter literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, R.D.; McConnell, J.W. Jr. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (US)

    1993-08-01

    Many reports have been published concerning the use of lysimeters to obtain data on the performance of buried radioactive waste. This document presents a review of some of those reports. This review includes lysimeter studies using radioactive waste forms at Savannah River Site, Hanford Site, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory; radionuclide tracer studies at Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment and Los Alamos National Laboratory; and water movement studies at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Beltsville, Maryland site, at the Hanford Site, and at New Mexico State University. The tests, results, and conclusions of each report are summarized, and conclusions concerning lysimeter technology are presented from an overall analysis of the literature. 38 refs., 44 figs., 9 tabs.

  4. CROSSFLOW FILTRATON: LITERATURE REVIEW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duignan, M.

    2011-01-01

    As part of the Filtration task EM-31, WP-2.3.6, which is a joint effort between Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), tests were planned to evaluate crossflow filtration in order to the improve the use of existing hardware in the waste treatment plants at both the Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) and Hanford Site. These tests included experiments to try different operating conditions and additives, such as filter aids, in order to create a more permeable filter cake and improve the permeate flux. To plan the SRNL tests a literature review was performed to provide information on previous experiments performed by DOE laboratories, and by academia. This report compliments PNNL report (Daniel, et al 2010), and is an attempt to try and capture crossflow filtration work performed in the past that provide a basis for future testing. However, not all sources on crossflow filtration could be reviewed due to the shear volume of information available. In this report various references were examined and a representative group was chosen to present the major factors that affect crossflow filtration. The information summarized in this review contains previous operating conditions studied and their influence on the rate of filtration. Besides operating conditions, other attempted improvements include the use of filter aids, a pre-filtration leaching process, the backpulse system, and various types of filter tubes and filter coatings. The results from past research can be used as a starting point for further experimentation that can result in the improvement in the performance of the crossflow filtration. The literature reviewed in this report indicates how complex the crossflow issues are with the results of some studies appearing to conflict results from other studies. This complexity implies that filtration of mobilized stored waste cannot be explained in a simple generic sense; meaning an empirical model develop from one waste-filter combination will more than likely not be applicable to another combination. It appears that filtration performance varies as wide as the range of the types of slurry wastes that exist. However, conclusions can be elicited from existing information so that filter performance can be better understood, and hopefully improved. Those conclusions and recommendations for the planned tests are listed.

  5. Mineral Selection for Multicomponent Equilibrium Geothermometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Plamer, C. D.; Ohly, S. R.; Smith, R. W.; Neupane, G.; McLing, T.; Mattson, E.

    2015-04-01

    Multicomponent geothermometry requires knowledge of the mineral phases in the reservoir with which the geothermal fluids may be equilibrated. These minerals phases are most often alteration products rather than primary minerals. We have reviewed the literature on geothermal systems representing most major geologic environments typically associated with geothermal activity and identified potential alteration products in various environments. We have included this information in RTEst, a code we have developed to estimate reservoir conditions (temperature, CO2 fugacity) from the geochemistry of near-surface geothermal waters. The information has been included in RTEst through the addition of filters that decrease the potential numbermore »of minerals from all possibilities based on the basis species to those that are more relevant to the particular conditions in which the user is interested. The three groups of filters include host rock type (tholeiitic, calc-alkaline, silicic, siliciclastic, carbonate), water type (acidic, neutral), and the temperature range over which the alteration minerals were formed (low, medium, high). The user-chosen mineral assemblage is checked to make sure that it does not violate the Gibbs phase rule. The user can select one of three mineral saturation weighting schemes that decrease the chance the optimization from being skewed by reaction stoichiometry or analytical uncertainty.« less

  6. Mineral Selection for Multicomponent Equilibrium Geothermometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Plamer, C. D.; Ohly, S. R.; Smith, R. W.; Neupane, G.; McLing, T.; Mattson, E.

    2015-04-01

    Muliticomponent geothermometry requires knowledge of the mineral phases in the reservoir with which the geothermal fluids may be equilibrated.

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Italy (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  8. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Iceland (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  9. Geothermal Literature Review At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  10. REVIEW OF PLUTONIUM OXIDATION LITERATURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P.

    2009-11-12

    A brief review of plutonium oxidation literature was conducted. The purpose of the review was to ascertain the effect of oxidation conditions on oxide morphology to support the design and operation of the PDCF direct metal oxidation (DMO) furnace. The interest in the review was due to a new furnace design that resulted in oxide characteristics that are different than those of the original furnace. Very little of the published literature is directly relevant to the DMO furnace operation, which makes assimilation of the literature data with operating conditions and data a convoluted task. The oxidation behavior can be distilled into three regimes, a low temperature regime (RT to 350 C) with a relatively slow oxidation rate that is influenced by moisture, a moderate temperature regime (350-450 C) that is temperature dependent and relies on more or less conventional oxidation growth of a partially protective oxide scale, and high temperature oxidation (> 500 C) where the metal autocatalytically combusts and oxidizes. The particle sizes obtained from these three regimes vary with the finest being from the lowest temperature. It is surmised that the slow growth rate permits significant stress levels to be achieved that help break up the oxides. The intermediate temperatures result in a fairly compact scale that is partially protective and that grows to critical thickness prior to fracturing. The growth rate in this regime may be parabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxidation time and consequently the oxide thickness. The high temperature oxidation is invariant in quiescent or nearly quiescent conditions due to gas blanketing while it accelerates with temperature under flowing conditions. The oxide morphology will generally consist of fine particles (<15 {micro}m), moderately sized particles (15 < x < 250 {micro}m) and large particles (> 250 {micro}m). The particle size ratio is expected to be < 5%, 25%, and 70% for fine, medium and large particles, respectively, for metal temperatures in the 500-600 C range.

  11. Geothermometry At Nevada Test And Training Range Area (Sabin...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermometry At Nevada Test And Training Range Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At...

  12. Geothermometry At Nw Basin & Range Region (Shevenell & De Rocher...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermometry At Nw Basin & Range Region (Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Nw...

  13. Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry...

  14. Geopressured habitat: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negus-de Wys, Jane

    1992-09-01

    A literature review of the geopressured-geothermal habitat is summarized. Findings are presented and discussed with respect to the principal topics: Casual agents are both geological and geochemical; they include disequilibrium compaction of sediments, clay diagenesis, aquathermal pressuring, hydrocarbon generation, and lateral tectonic compression. The overall physical and chemical characteristics of the habitats are dictated by varying combinations of sedimentation rates, alteration mineralogy, permeability, porosity and pressure, temperature, fluid content and chemistry, and hydrodynamic flow. Habitat pressure seals are considered in terms of their formation processes, geologic characteristics, and physical behavior, including pressure release and reservoir pressure recharge on a geologic time scale. World-wide occurrence of geopressured-geothermal habitats is noted. The main thrust of this topic concerns the U.S.A. and Canada; in addition, reference is made to occurrences in China and indications from deep-sea vents, as well as the contribution of paleo-overpressure to habitat initiation and maintenance. Identification and assessment of the habitat is addressed in relation to use of hydrogeologic, geophysical, geochemical, and geothermic techniques, as well as well-logging and drill-stem-test data. Conclusions concerning the adequacy of the current state of knowledge and its applicability to resource exploration and development are set forth, together with recommendations for the thrust of future work.

  15. LITERATURE REVIEW Autism and Cancer Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crespi, Bernard J.

    LITERATURE REVIEW Autism and Cancer Risk B. Crespi A literature review was conducted on the genetic and developmental bases of autism in relation to genes and pathways associated with cancer risk. Convergent lines cancer-associated genes and pathways, and (4) contrasts with schizophrenia, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer

  16. Literature Review of Displacement Ventilation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, S.; Im, P.; Haberl, J. S.

    2005-01-01

    Performance Evaluation and Design Guidelines for Displacement Ventilation” by Chen and Clicksman (2003), were used to begin the literature search. Their references include papers, articles, and web sites presenting major contributions to the understanding...

  17. TRANSPORT THROUGH CRACKED CONCRETE: LITERATURE REVIEW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langton, C.

    2012-05-11

    Concrete containment structures and cement-based fills and waste forms are used at the Savannah River Site to enhance the performance of shallow land disposal systems designed for containment of low-level radioactive waste. Understanding and measuring transport through cracked concrete is important for describing the initial condition of radioactive waste containment structures at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and for predicting performance of these structures over time. This report transmits the results of a literature review on transport through cracked concrete which was performed by Professor Jason Weiss, Purdue University per SRR0000678 (RFP-RQ00001029-WY). This review complements the NRC-sponsored literature review and assessment of factors relevant to performance of grouted systems for radioactive waste disposal. This review was performed by The Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses, San Antonio, TX, and The University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Scotland and was focused on tank closure. The objective of the literature review on transport through cracked concrete was to identify information in the open literature which can be applied to SRS transport models for cementitious containment structures, fills, and waste forms. In addition, the literature review was intended to: (1) Provide a framework for describing and classifying cracks in containment structures and cementitious materials used in radioactive waste disposal, (2) Document the state of knowledge and research related to transport through cracks in concrete for various exposure conditions, (3) Provide information or methodology for answering several specific questions related to cracking and transport in concrete, and (4) Provide information that can be used to design experiments on transport through cracked samples and actual structures.

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Williams ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Williams & Reed, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature...

  19. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Blackwell...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2000) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature...

  20. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Farhar, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Rafferty, 1997) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  2. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Sammel, 1978) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  4. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Lienau, 1990) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  5. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Callender, 1981) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  6. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Grant, 1978) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Smith, 1978) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  8. A literature review of safety culture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Kerstan Suzanne; Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Wenner, Caren A.

    2013-03-01

    Workplace safety has been historically neglected by organizations in order to enhance profitability. Over the past 30 years, safety concerns and attention to safety have increased due to a series of disastrous events occurring across many different industries (e.g., Chernobyl, Upper Big-Branch Mine, Davis-Besse etc.). Many organizations have focused on promoting a healthy safety culture as a way to understand past incidents, and to prevent future disasters. There is an extensive academic literature devoted to safety culture, and the Department of Energy has also published a significant number of documents related to safety culture. The purpose of the current endeavor was to conduct a review of the safety culture literature in order to understand definitions, methodologies, models, and successful interventions for improving safety culture. After reviewing the literature, we observed four emerging themes. First, it was apparent that although safety culture is a valuable construct, it has some inherent weaknesses. For example, there is no common definition of safety culture and no standard way for assessing the construct. Second, it is apparent that researchers know how to measure particular components of safety culture, with specific focus on individual and organizational factors. Such existing methodologies can be leveraged for future assessments. Third, based on the published literature, the relationship between safety culture and performance is tenuous at best. There are few empirical studies that examine the relationship between safety culture and safety performance metrics. Further, most of these studies do not include a description of the implementation of interventions to improve safety culture, or do not measure the effect of these interventions on safety culture or performance. Fourth, safety culture is best viewed as a dynamic, multi-faceted overall system composed of individual, engineered and organizational models. By addressing all three components of safety culture, organizations have a better chance of understanding, evaluating, and making positive changes towards safety within their own organization.

  9. Literature Review | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) JumpLiterature Review Home Qinsun's picture

  10. Geothermometry At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    De Rocher, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell & De Rocher,...

  11. Geothermometry At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Pearl...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Et Al., 1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Pearl, Et Al., 1976)...

  12. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Mariner...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mariner & Willey, 1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Mariner & Willey,...

  13. Mineralization of Carbon Dioxide: Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V; Soong, Y; Carney, C; Rush, G; Nielsen, B; O'Connor, W

    2015-01-01

    CCS research has been focused on CO2 storage in geologic formations, with many potential risks. An alternative to conventional geologic storage is carbon mineralization, where CO2 is reacted with metal cations to form carbonate minerals. Mineralization methods can be broadly divided into two categories: in situ and ex situ. In situ mineralization, or mineral trapping, is a component of underground geologic sequestration, in which a portion of the injected CO2 reacts with alkaline rock present in the target formation to form solid carbonate species. In ex situ mineralization, the carbonation reaction occurs above ground, within a separate reactor or industrial process. This literature review is meant to provide an update on the current status of research on CO2 mineralization. 2

  14. Transportation Shock and Vibration Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheras, Steven J.; Lahti, Erik A.; Ross, Steven B.

    2013-06-06

    This report fulfills the M4 milestone M4FT-13OR08220112, "Report Documenting Experimental Activities." The purpose of this report is to document the results of a literature review conducted of studies related to the vibration and shock associated with the normal conditions of transport for rail shipments of used nuclear fuel from commercial light-water reactors. As discussed in Adkins (2013), the objective of this report is to determine if adequate data exist that would enable the impacts of the shock and vibration associated with the normal conditions of transport on commercial light-water reactor used nuclear fuel shipped in current generation rail transportation casks to be realistically modeled.

  15. Testing Scientific Software: A Systematic Literature Review Upulee Kanewala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieman, James M.

    Testing Scientific Software: A Systematic Literature Review Upulee Kanewala , James M. Bieman to errors caused by software faults. Systematic testing can identify such faults in code. Objective literature. We identified 62 studies that provided relevant information about testing scientific software

  16. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Stone, Et Al., 1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  17. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Faulder, 1991) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Dahal, Et Al., 2012) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  19. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At...

  20. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Elston, Et Al., 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Petersen, 1975) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  2. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis examining known geothermal sites in New Mexico Notes...

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At Fish Lake Valley Area (Deymonaz...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Fish Lake Valley Area (Deymonaz, Et Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  4. Literature Review of Mobility Control Methods for CO2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Literature Review of 40 Years of Research DOENETL-20121540 Prepared by: Robert M. Enick University of Pittsburgh and David K. Olsen IBM Global Business Services National...

  5. Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Goldstein & Flexser, 1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  6. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Clemons, Et Al., 1988) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At San Francisco Volcanic Field...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  8. Geothermal Literature Review At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Ingebritsen, Et Al., 1996) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  9. Geothermal Literature Review At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Benoit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Benoit, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal...

  10. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    June 2014 REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Issues of access, quality, equity and impact Sara Humphreys with Lee Crawfurd #12;Review of the literature on basic education in Nigeria EDOREN ­ Education Data, Research and Evaluation in Nigeria i Acknowledgements Thanks are due to many individuals who

  11. A detailed systematic review of the recent literature on environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EA 4272 A detailed systematic review of the recent literature on environmental Kuznets curve detailed systematic review of the recent literature on environmental Kuznets curve dealing with CO2 Marie the early 90', many articles have been published on Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), especially empirical

  12. Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang for numerous valuable comments. #12;Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang Abstract During the 1980s, the relationship between information technology (IT

  13. Multicomponent Equilibrium Models for Testing Geothermometry Approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, D. Craig; Carl D. Palmer; Robert W. Smith; Travis L. McLing

    2013-02-01

    Geothermometry is an important tool for estimating deep reservoir temperature from the geochemical composition of shallower and cooler waters. The underlying assumption of geothermometry is that the waters collected from shallow wells and seeps maintain a chemical signature that reflects equilibrium in the deeper reservoir. Many of the geothermometers used in practice are based on correlation between water temperatures and composition or using thermodynamic calculations based a subset (typically silica, cations or cation ratios) of the dissolved constituents. An alternative approach is to use complete water compositions and equilibrium geochemical modeling to calculate the degree of disequilibrium (saturation index) for large number of potential reservoir minerals as a function of temperature. We have constructed several “forward” geochemical models using The Geochemist’s Workbench to simulate the change in chemical composition of reservoir fluids as they migrate toward the surface. These models explicitly account for the formation (mass and composition) of a steam phase and equilibrium partitioning of volatile components (e.g., CO2, H2S, and H2) into the steam as a result of pressure decreases associated with upward fluid migration from depth. We use the synthetic data generated from these simulations to determine the advantages and limitations of various geothermometry and optimization approaches for estimating the likely conditions (e.g., temperature, pCO2) to which the water was exposed in the deep subsurface. We demonstrate the magnitude of errors that can result from boiling, loss of volatiles, and analytical error from sampling and instrumental analysis. The estimated reservoir temperatures for these scenarios are also compared to conventional geothermometers. These results can help improve estimation of geothermal resource temperature during exploration and early development.

  14. Category:Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to: navigation, searchGeophysicalCategoryGeothermometry

  15. New Mexico conservative ion water chemistry data and chalcedony geothermometry

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Shari Kelley

    2015-10-21

    Compilation of boron, lithium, bromine, and silica data from wells and springs throughout New Mexico from a wide variety of sources. The chalcedony geothermometry calculation is included in this file.

  16. ORNL/TM-2003/258 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prepared for the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency............................................................................................18 3.1 California Fuel Cell PartnershipORNL/TM-2003/258 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR THE BASELINE KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT OF THE HYDROGEN, FUEL

  17. Review of Literature for Model Assisted Probability of Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Ryan M.; Crawford, Susan L.; Lareau, John P.; Anderson, Michael T.

    2014-09-30

    This is a draft technical letter report for NRC client documenting a literature review of model assisted probability of detection (MAPOD) for potential application to nuclear power plant components for improvement of field NDE performance estimations.

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Review Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Lake Taupo, North Island, re: Heat Flow References G. Ranalli, L. Rybach (2005) Heat Flow, Heat Transfer And...

  19. Microbial impacts on geothermometry temperature predictions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshiko Fujita; David W. Reed; Kaitlyn R. Nowak; Vicki S. Thompson; Travis L. McLing; Robert W. Smith

    2013-02-01

    Conventional geothermometry approaches assume that the composition of a collected water sample originating in a deep geothermal reservoir still reflects chemical equilibration of the water with the deep reservoir rocks. However, for geothermal prospecting samples whose temperatures have dropped to <120°C, temperature predictions may be skewed by the activity of microorganisms; microbial metabolism can drastically and rapidly change the water’s chemistry. We hypothesize that knowledge of microbial impacts on exploration sample geochemistry can be used to constrain input into geothermometry models and thereby improve the reliability of reservoir temperature predictions. To evaluate this hypothesis we have chosen to focus on sulfur cycling, because of the significant changes in redox state and pH associated with sulfur chemistry. Redox and pH are critical factors in defining the mineral-fluid equilibria that form the basis of solute geothermometry approaches. Initially we are developing assays to detect the process of sulfate reduction, using knowledge of genes specific to sulfate reducing microorganisms. The assays rely on a common molecular biological technique known as quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), which allows estimation of the number of target organisms in a particular sample by enumerating genes specific to the organisms rather than actually retrieving and characterizing the organisms themselves. For quantitation of sulfate reducing genes using qPCR, we constructed a plasmid (a piece of DNA) containing portions of two genes (known as dsrA and dsrB) that are directly involved with sulfate reduction and unique to sulfate reducing microorganisms. Using the plasmid as well as DNA from other microorganisms known to be sulfate reducers or non-sulfate reducers, we developed qPCR protocols and showed the assay’s specificity to sulfate reducers and that a qPCR standard curve using the plasmid was linear over >5 orders of magnitude. As a first test with actual field samples, the assay was applied to DNA extracted from water collected at springs located in and around the town of Soda Springs, Idaho. Soda Springs is located in the fold and thrust belt on the eastern boundary of the track of the Yellowstone Hotspot, where a deep carbon dioxide source believed to originate from Mississippian limestone contacts acidic hydrothermal fluids at depth. Both sulfate and sulfide have been measured in samples collected previously at Soda Springs. Preliminary results indicate that sulfate reducing genes were present in each of the samples tested. Our work supports evaluation of the potential for microbial processes to have altered water chemistry in geothermal exploration samples.

  20. Irradiation preservation of seafood: Literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molton, P.M.

    1987-10-01

    The application of gamma-irradiation for extending the shelf life of seafood has been of interest for many years. This report reviews a number of studies on seafood irradiation conducted over the past several years. Topics covered include seafood irradiation techniques and dosages, species applicability and differences, the effects of packaging on seafood preservation, and changes in organoleptic acceptability as a result of irradiation. Particular attention is given to radiation effects (likely and unlikely) of concern to the public. These include the potential for generation of toxic chemical products, botulinum toxin production, and other health concerns. No scientifically defensible evidence of any kind was found for any harmful effect of irradiation of seafoods at the doses being considered (less than 300 krad), and all indications are that irradiation is an acceptable and needed additional tool for seafood preservation. 49 refs., 14 figs., 14 tabs.

  1. CHAPTER 2: Literature Review This chapter will explore the literature that is relevant to understanding the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    of this review of the literature will describe two types of research: research on teaching and research-service and in-service teacher programs. With the goal of providing effective instruction, this type of research on teachers' conceptions. Each section will summarize the assumptions and major findings of these types

  2. CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW This chapter will explore the literature that is relevant to understanding the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    of the literature, I will describe two distinct types of research on teaching: research on teachers' behaviors of these types of research. In conducting this review, I have primarily concentrated on research conducted enhancement programs for current teachers. Since this type of research is done with the goal of providing

  3. Wind Climatology Literature Review Jake Crouch October 12, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Climatology Literature Review Jake Crouch ­ October 12, 2010 The National Centers and climate forecast models and to monitor atmospheric phenomenon such as atmospheric winds, temperature dataset, including atmospheric winds, and set a precedent for using the dataset in a climate monitoring

  4. Persuasive Technologies: A Systematic Literature Review and Application to PISA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    Persuasive Technologies: A Systematic Literature Review and Application to PISA Roeland H.P. Kegel are performed using this model. The case used for these context analyses is the PISA tool. Finally, we consider the PSD model to PISA 17 5.1 Classification of PSD context content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 5

  5. Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework Renee Sieber Department of Geography, McGill University Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) pertains to the use of geographic information sys- tems (GIS) to broaden public involvement in policymaking

  6. A Conceptual Framework for ERP Benefit Classification: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    A Conceptual Framework for ERP Benefit Classification: A Literature Review Silja Eckartz*, Maya resource planning (ERP) benefits, carried out according to the guidelines by Webster et al. (2002 in the identification, realization and assessment of ERP benefits. Special focus is put on benefits management in cross

  7. Nontechnical Barriers to Solar Energy Use: Review of Recent Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margolis, R.; Zuboy, J.

    2006-09-01

    This paper reviews the nontechnical barriers to solar energy use, drawing on recent literature to help identify key barriers that must be addressed as part of the Technology Acceptance efforts under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar America Initiative. A broad literature search yielded more than 400 references, which were narrowed to 19 recent documents on nontechnical barriers to the use of solar energy and other energy efficiency and renewable energy (EE/RE) technologies. Some of the most frequently identified barriers included lack of government policy supporting EE/RE, lack of information dissemination and consumer awareness about energy and EE/RE, high cost of solar and other EE/RE technologies compared with conventional energy, and inadequate financing options for EE/RE projects.

  8. Learning Over Time: A Literature Review and Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, W. David; Ploeger, Robin L.; Drummond, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Malissa Martin. EdD. ATC. CSCS. Column Editor Learning Over Time: A Literature Review and Case Study W. David Carr. PhD, ATC • The University of Kansas Robin L Ploeger, EdD, ATC and Jan Drummond. EdD • The University of Tulsa T A. H! HE CONCEPT.... 1991;! 6(10), 1238-47. W. David Carr Is assistant professor and Athletic Training Program Director at The University of Kansas in Lawrence. Robin L. Ploeger is clinical associate professor and Athletic Training Program Director at The University...

  9. Approach to Management of Intravascular Missile Emboli: Review of the Literature and Case Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Kevin; Gandhi, Sanjay; Qureshi, Moqueet Arshad; Wright, Andrew S.; Kantathut, Narongrit; Noeller, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    the right heart: case report and review of the literature. Jartery bullet embolism—Case report and review. Int J Surgartery bullet embolism: case report and review of the Tract:

  10. Basin-Scale Opportunity Assessment Initiative Background Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saulsbury, Bo; Geerlofs, Simon H.; Cada, Glenn F; Bevelhimer, Mark S

    2010-10-01

    As called for in the March 24, 2010, Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Hydropower, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), environmental stakeholders, and the hydropower industry are collaborating to identify opportunities to simultaneously increase electricity generation and improve environmental services in river basins of the United States. New analytical tools provide an improved ability to understand, model, and visualize environmental and hydropower systems. Efficiencies and opportunities that might not be apparent in site-by-site analyses can be revealed through assessments at the river-basin scale. Information from basin-scale assessments could lead to better coordination of existing hydropower projects, or to inform siting decisions (e.g., balancing the removal of some dams with the construction of others), in order to meet renewable energy production and environmental goals. Basin-scale opportunity assessments would inform energy and environmental planning and address the cumulative effects of hydropower development and operations on river basin environmental quality in a way that quantifies energy-environment tradeoffs. Opportunity assessments would create information products, develop scenarios, and identify specific actions that agencies, developers, and stakeholders can take to locate new sustainable hydropower projects, increase the efficiency and environmental performance of existing projects, and restore and protect environmental quality in our nation's river basins. Government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGO) have done significant work to understand and assess opportunities for both hydropower and environmental protection at the basin scale. Some initiatives have been successful, others less so, and there is a need to better understand the legacy of work on which this current project can build. This background literature review is intended to promote that understanding. The literature review begins with a discussion in Section 2.0 of the Federal regulatory processes and mission areas pertaining to hydropower siting and licensing at the basin scale. This discussion of regulatory processes and mission areas sets the context for the next topic in Section 3.0, past and ongoing basin-scale hydropower planning and assessment activities. The final sections of the literature review provide some conclusions about past and ongoing basin-scale activities and their relevance to the current basin-scale opportunity assessment (Section 4.0), and a bibliography of existing planning and assessment documents (Section 5.0).

  11. A Review of Structural Health Review of Structural Health Monitoring Literature 1996-2001.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohn, H. (Hoon); Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.); Hemez, F. M. (François M.); Czarnecki, J. J. (Jerry J.)

    2002-01-01

    Staff members at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) produced a summary of the structural health monitoring literature in 1995. This presentation will summarize the outcome of an updated review covering the years 1996 - 2001. The updated review follows the LANL statistical pattern recognition paradigm for SHM, which addresses four topics: (1) Operational Evaluation; (2) Data Acquisition and Cleansing; (3) Feature Extraction; and (4) Statistical Modeling for Feature Discrimination. The literature has been reviewed based on how a particular study addresses these four topics. A significant observation from this review is that although there are many more SHM studies being reported, the investigators, in general, have not yet fully embraced the well-developed tools from statistical pattern recognition. As such, the discrimination procedures employed are often lacking the appropriate rigor necessary for this technology to evolve beyond demonstration problems carried out in laboratory setting.

  12. Metal fire implications for advanced reactors. Part 1, literature review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowlen, Steven Patrick; Radel, Ross F.; Hewson, John C.; Olivier, Tara Jean; Blanchat, Thomas K.

    2007-10-01

    Public safety and acceptance is extremely important for the nuclear power renaissance to get started. The Advanced Burner Reactor and other potential designs utilize liquid sodium as a primary coolant which provides distinct challenges to the nuclear power industry. Fire is a dominant contributor to total nuclear plant risk events for current generation nuclear power plants. Utilizing past experience to develop suitable safety systems and procedures will minimize the chance of sodium leaks and the associated consequences in the next generation. An advanced understanding of metal fire behavior in regards to the new designs will benefit both science and industry. This report presents an extensive literature review that captures past experiences, new advanced reactor designs, and the current state-of-knowledge related to liquid sodium combustion behavior.

  13. LITERATURE REVIEW FOR OXALATE OXIDATION PROCESSES AND PLUTONIUM OXALATE SOLUBILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, C.

    2012-02-03

    A literature review of oxalate oxidation processes finds that manganese(II)-catalyzed nitric acid oxidation of oxalate in precipitate filtrate is a viable and well-documented process. The process has been operated on the large scale at Savannah River in the past, including oxidation of 20 tons of oxalic acid in F-Canyon. Research data under a variety of conditions show the process to be robust. This process is recommended for oxalate destruction in H-Canyon in the upcoming program to produce feed for the MOX facility. Prevention of plutonium oxalate precipitation in filtrate can be achieved by concentrated nitric acid/ferric nitrate sequestration of oxalate. Organic complexants do not appear practical to sequester plutonium. Testing is proposed to confirm the literature and calculation findings of this review at projected operating conditions for the upcoming campaign. H Canyon plans to commence conversion of plutonium metal to low-fired plutonium oxide in 2012 for eventual use in the Mixed Oxide Fuel (MOX) Facility. The flowsheet includes sequential operations of metal dissolution, ion exchange, elution, oxalate precipitation, filtration, and calcination. All processes beyond dissolution will occur in HB-Line. The filtration step produces an aqueous filtrate that may have as much as 4 M nitric acid and 0.15 M oxalate. The oxalate needs to be removed from the stream to prevent possible downstream precipitation of residual plutonium when the solution is processed in H Canyon. In addition, sending the oxalate to the waste tank farm is undesirable. This report addresses the processing options for destroying the oxalate in existing H Canyon equipment.

  14. Motivation in Software Engineering: A systematic literature review Sarah Beecham a,*, Nathan Baddoo a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motivation in Software Engineering: A systematic literature review Sarah Beecham a,*, Nathan Baddoo a systematic literature review of motivation in Software Engineering. The objective of this review is to plot the landscape of current reported knowledge in terms of what motivates developers, what de-motivates them

  15. Pollutant Emission Factors from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traynor, G.W.

    2011-01-01

    distributions from residential natural gas appliances. CH 4ng/J) distribution from residential natural gas appliances.from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review

  16. Historical literature review on waste classification and categorization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croff, A.G.; Richmond, A.A.; Williams, J.P.

    1995-03-01

    The Staff of the Waste Management Document Library (WMDL), in cooperation with Allen Croff have been requested to provide information support for a historical search concerning waste categorization/classification. This bibliography has been compiled under the sponsorship of Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Chemical Technology Division to help in Allen`s ongoing committee work with the NRC/NRCP. After examining the search, Allen Croff saw the value of the search being published. Permission was sought from the database providers to allow limited publication (i.e. 20--50 copies) of the search for internal distribution at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and for Allen Croff`s associated committee. Citations from the database providers who did not grant legal permission for their material to be published have been omitted from the literature review. Some of the longer citations have been included in an abbreviated form in the search to allow the format of the published document to be shortened from approximately 1,400 pages. The bibliography contains 372 citations.

  17. Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Driver, C.J.

    1994-03-01

    Available information on the toxicity, food chain transport, and bioconcentration of several Hanford Site contaminants were reviewed. The contaminants included cesium-137, cobalt-60, europium, nitrate, plutonium, strontium-90, technetium, tritium, uranium, and chromium (III and VI). Toxicity and mobility in both aquatic and terrestrial systems were considered. For aquatic systems, considerable information was available on the chemical and/or radiological toxicity of most of the contaminants in invertebrate animals and fish. Little information was available on aquatic macrophyte response to the contaminants. Terrestrial animals such as waterfowl and amphibians that have high exposure potential in aquatic systems were also largely unrepresented in the toxicity literature. The preponderance of toxicity data for terrestrial biota was for laboratory mammals. Bioconcentration factors and transfer coefficients were obtained for primary producers and consumers in representative aquatic and terrestrial systems; however, little data were available for upper trophic level transfer, particularly for terrestrial predators. Food chain transport and toxicity information for the contaminants were generally lacking for desert or sage brush-steppe organisms, particularly plants and reptiles

  18. Integrated Chemical Geothermometry System for Geothermal Exploration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Develop practical and reliable system to predict geothermal reservoir temperatures from integrated chemical analyses of spring and well fluids.

  19. ORNL/TM-2003/258 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .........................................................................................................2 2. REVIEW OF PRIMARY SOURCES ...........................................................................13 2.5.2 Information

  20. LITERATURE REVIEW: GRADE SHEET BIOL 3420 Fall 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Troy G.

    the review describe the factual and conceptual information in the primary sources? Did the review give in the primary sources? Did the review give the reader a good sense of what the researchers set out to do, how stated in introduction, was background information sufficient and presented in a compelling accessible

  1. Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring Assessment: Literature Review and Laboratory Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butner, R. Scott; Reid, Douglas J.; Hoffman, Michael G.; Sullivan, Greg; Blanchard, Jeremy

    2013-07-01

    To evaluate the accuracy of NILM technologies, a literature review was conducted to identify any test protocols or standardized testing approaches currently in use. The literature review indicated that no consistent conventions were currently in place for measuring the accuracy of these technologies. Consequently, PNNL developed a testing protocol and metrics to provide the basis for quantifying and analyzing the accuracy of commercially available NILM technologies. This report discusses the results of the literature review and the proposed test protocol and metrics in more detail.

  2. Window Use in Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerly, Katie; Baker, Lindsay; Brager, Gail

    2011-01-01

    Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Vischer,Golden, Colo. : National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Haighventilation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14,

  3. A Literature Review on Value Stream Mapping with a Case Study of Applying Value Stream Mapping on Research Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiaoqi

    2014-04-23

    has two main objectives. The first is an in-depth literature review on value stream mapping, especially concerning useful value stream mapping tools and the application of value stream mapping in construction industry. The literature review of value...

  4. Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions A Simple Example of Transmission Congestion #12 Example of Transmission Congestion #12;Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power Supply of Transmission Congestion #12;Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical

  5. The Ins and Outs of Dualisation: A Literature Review 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidsson, Johan; Naczyk, Marek

    2009-01-01

    of people who are at risk of finding themselves at a permanent disadvantage in the labour market and in other spheres of social activity. This article aims at providing a systematic overview of the empirical and theoretical literature on the growth of a...

  6. Nutritional rehabilitation in anorexia nervosa: review of the literature and implications for treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzola, Enrica; Nasser, Jennifer A; Hashim, Sami A; Shih, Pei-an; Kaye, Walter H

    2013-01-01

    in patients with anorexia nervosa. Dig Dis Sci 1985, 30(8):rehabilitation in anorexia nervosa: review of the literatureFitzpatrick K, Lock J: Anorexia nervosa. Clin Evid (Online)

  7. Writing Tasks in Content-area Instruction: A Systematic Review of the Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Diane Morris

    2014-01-06

    Situated within the historical and current state of writing and adolescent literacy research, this systematic literature review screened 2,871 articles to determine the prevalent themes in current research on writing tasks ...

  8. A review of "The Sacred and Profane in English Renaissance Literature" edited by Mary A. Papazian 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roebuck, Graham

    2009-01-01

    46 seventeenth-century news Mary A. Papazian, ed. The Sacred and Profane in English Renaissance Literature. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2008. 377 pp. $75.00. Review by graham roebuck, mcmaster university The thirteen essays gathered here...

  9. Approach to Management of Intravascular Missile Emboli: Review of the Literature and Case Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Kevin; Gandhi, Sanjay; Qureshi, Moqueet Arshad; Wright, Andrew S.; Kantathut, Narongrit; Noeller, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    The current literature offers a variety of cases, butIn this article, the authors offer a case report, as well ascommon knowledge. This review offers a synthesis of existing

  10. A Review of "Archipelagic English: Literature, History and Politics, 1603-1707" by John Kerrigan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Eugene D.

    2009-01-01

    is a moving, useful, pleasurable read. John Kerrigan. Archipelagic English: Literature, History and Politics 1603- 1707. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xiv + 599 pp. $49.95. Review by Eugene D. Hill, mount holyoke college. As the title suggests..., John Kerrigan?s is an uncommon, and an uncommonly sophisticated, volume of history and literature. Such studies often suffer from an awkward choice between figure and ground: is the history the background for the literature, or the litera- ture...

  11. A review of "Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England." by Reid Barbour 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holly Faith Nelson

    2005-01-01

    difficult to follow, this contribution to scholarship on early modern literature, drama, and religious history is knowledgeable and insightful. Reid Barbour. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University... Press, 2002. viii + 282 pp. ?45.00. Review by HOLLY FAITH NELSON, TRINITY WESTERN UNIVERSITY. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England is a welcome addition to the field of early modern cultural studies. Reid Barbour has...

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Review and identification of 24 potential sites for EGS development across the U.S., as well as modeling of the representative geologic systems...

  13. Geothermal Literature Review At White Mountains Area (Goff &...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Review and identification of 24 potential sites for EGS development across the U.S., as well as modeling of the representative geologic systems...

  14. The conceptual and operational definition of quality of life: a systematic review of the literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, Marvel Clark

    2005-11-01

    : How to use a systematic literature review. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2002; 84: 1672-1682. 12. Salisbury, C, Bosenquet, N, Wilkinson, E, Franks, P, Kite, S, et al. The impact of different of specialist palliative care on patients? quality... of life: a systematic literature review. Palliative Medicine 1999; 13: 3-17. 13. Wilkinson, E, Salisbury, C, Bosenquet, N, Franks, P, Kite, S, et al. Patient and carer preference for, and satisfaction with, specialist models of palliative care: a...

  15. Literature and data review for the surface-water pathway: Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, W.H.; Dirkes, R.L.; Napier, B.A.

    1992-04-01

    As part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed literature and data on radionuclide concentrations and distribution in the water, sediment, and biota of the Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Over 600 documents were reviewed including Hanford reports, reports by offsite agencies, journal articles, and graduate theses. Certain radionuclide concentration data were used in preliminary estimates of individual dose for the 1964--1966 time period. This report summarizes the literature and database review and the results of the preliminary dose estimates.

  16. Bridging Human Reliability Analysis and Psychology, Part 1: The Psychological Literature Review for the IDHEAS Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    April M. Whaley; Stacey M. L. Hendrickson; Ronald L. Boring; Jeffrey C. Joe; Katya L. Le Blanc; Jing Xing

    2012-06-01

    In response to Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) SRM-M061020, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is sponsoring work to update the technical basis underlying human reliability analysis (HRA) in an effort to improve the robustness of HRA. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a hybrid of existing methods addressing limitations of current HRA models and in particular issues related to intra- and inter-method variabilities and results. This hybrid method is now known as the Integrated Decision-tree Human Event Analysis System (IDHEAS). Existing HRA methods have looked at elements of the psychological literature, but there has not previously been a systematic attempt to translate the complete span of cognition from perception to action into mechanisms that can inform HRA. Therefore, a first step of this effort was to perform a literature search of psychology, cognition, behavioral science, teamwork, and operating performance to incorporate current understanding of human performance in operating environments, thus affording an improved technical foundation for HRA. However, this literature review went one step further by mining the literature findings to establish causal relationships and explicit links between the different types of human failures, performance drivers and associated performance measures ultimately used for quantification. This is the first of two papers that detail the literature review (paper 1) and its product (paper 2). This paper describes the literature review and the high-level architecture used to organize the literature review, and the second paper (Whaley, Hendrickson, Boring, & Xing, these proceedings) describes the resultant cognitive framework.

  17. GLASS FABRICATION AND ANALYSIS LITERATURE REVIEW AND METHOD SELECTION FOR WTP WASTE FEED QUALIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peeler, D.

    2013-06-27

    Scope of the Report The objective of this literature review is to identify and review documents to address scaling, design, operations, and experimental setup, including configuration, data collection, and remote handling that would be used during waste feed qualification in support of the glass fabrication unit operation. Items addressed include: ? LAW and HLW glass formulation algorithms; ? Mixing and sampling; ? Rheological measurements; ? Heat of hydration; ? Glass fabrication techniques; ? Glass inspection; ? Composition analysis; ? Use of cooling curves; ? Hydrogen generation rate measurement.

  18. A Literature Review of the History and Future of Reclaimed Water Use in Florida Jamie Lewis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    of wastewater is produced for every person in Florida. Proper treatment of this wastewater and disposal or reuse treatment or from discharge of reclaimed water for wetlands restoration; Fire protection; or Other usefulA Literature Review of the History and Future of Reclaimed Water Use in Florida Jamie Lewis

  19. Literature Review of the Effects of UV Exposure on PV Modules

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This PowerPoint presentation, originally presented at the NREL 2013 PV Module Reliability Workshop on Feb. 26-27, 2013 in Denver, CO, presents the literature review of the effects of prolonged UV exposure of PV modules, with a particular emphasis on UV exposure testing using artificial light sources, including fluorescent, Xenon, and metal halide lamps.

  20. Literature Review of Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde for Cesium Ion Exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Garrett N.

    2014-09-30

    The current report summarizes work performed throughout the scientific community and DOE complex as reported in the open literature and DOE-sponsored reports to evaluate the Cs+ ion exchange (CIX) characteristics of SRF resin. King (2007) completed a similar literature review in support of material selection for the Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) project. Josephson et al. (2010) and Sams et al. (2009) provided a similar brief review of SRF CIX for the near-tank Cs+ removal (NTCR) project. Thorson (2008a) documented the basis for recommending SRF over SuperLigTM 644 as the primary CIX resin in the WTP. The current review expands on previous work, summarizes additional work completed to date, and provides a broad view of the literature without focusing on a specific column system. Although the focus of the current review is the SRF resin, many cited references include multiple materials such as the non-spherical GGRF and SuperLigTM 644 organic resins and crystalline silicotitanate (CST) IONSIVTM IE-911, a non-elutable inorganic material. This report summarizes relevant information provided in the literature.

  1. A review of "Psalm Culture and Early Modern English Literature" by Hannibal Hamlin. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rudrum

    2004-01-01

    . Psalm Culture and Early Modern English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xl + 289 pp. $75.00. Review by ALAN RUDRUM, SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY. Professor Hamlin?s starting point is the fact that the culture of early modern England...

  2. Impact of post-event avoidance behavior on commercial facilities sector venues-literature review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samsa, M. E.; Baldwin, T. E.; Berry, M. S.; Guzowski, L. B.; Martinez-Moyano, I.; Nieves, A. L.; Ramarasad, A.

    2011-03-24

    The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11), focused a great deal of interest and concern on how individual and social perceptions of risk change behavior and subsequently affect commercial sector venues. Argonne conducted a review of the literature to identify studies that quantify the direct and indirect economic consequences of avoidance behaviors that result from terrorist attacks. Despite a growing amount of literature addressing terrorism impacts, relatively little is known about the causal relationships between risk perception, human avoidance behaviors, and the economic effects on commercial venues. Nevertheless, the technical and academic literature does provide some evidence, both directly and by inference, of the level and duration of post-event avoidance behaviors on commercial venues. Key findings are summarized in this Executive Summary. Also included as an appendix is a more detailed summary table of literature findings reproduced from the full report.

  3. LITERATURE REVIEW OF PUO2 CALCINATION TIME AND TEMPERATURE DATA FOR SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, G.

    2012-03-06

    The literature has been reviewed in December 2011 for calcination data of plutonium oxide (PuO{sub 2}) from plutonium oxalate Pu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} precipitation with respect to the PuO{sub 2} specific surface area (SSA). A summary of the literature is presented for what are believed to be the dominant factors influencing SSA, the calcination temperature and time. The PuO{sub 2} from Pu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} calcination data from this review has been regressed to better understand the influence of calcination temperature and time on SSA. Based on this literature review data set, calcination temperature has a bigger impact on SSA versus time. However, there is still some variance in this data set that may be reflecting differences in the plutonium oxalate preparation or different calcination techniques. It is evident from this review that additional calcination temperature and time data for PuO{sub 2} from Pu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} needs to be collected and evaluated to better define the relationship. The existing data set has a lot of calcination times that are about 2 hours and therefore may be underestimating the impact of heating time on SSA. SRNL recommends that more calcination temperature and time data for PuO{sub 2} from Pu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} be collected and this literature review data set be augmented to better refine the relationship between PuO{sub 2} SSA and its calcination parameters.

  4. The Strategic Environment Assessment bibliographic network: A quantitative literature review analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caschili, Simone, E-mail: s.caschili@ucl.ac.uk [UCL QASER Lab, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); De Montis, Andrea; Ganciu, Amedeo; Ledda, Antonio; Barra, Mario [Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari, viale Italia, 39, 07100 Sassari (Italy)

    2014-07-01

    Academic literature has been continuously growing at such a pace that it can be difficult to follow the progression of scientific achievements; hence, the need to dispose of quantitative knowledge support systems to analyze the literature of a subject. In this article we utilize network analysis tools to build a literature review of scientific documents published in the multidisciplinary field of Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA). The proposed approach helps researchers to build unbiased and comprehensive literature reviews. We collect information on 7662 SEA publications and build the SEA Bibliographic Network (SEABN) employing the basic idea that two publications are interconnected if one cites the other. We apply network analysis at macroscopic (network architecture), mesoscopic (sub graph) and microscopic levels (node) in order to i) verify what network structure characterizes the SEA literature, ii) identify the authors, disciplines and journals that are contributing to the international discussion on SEA, and iii) scrutinize the most cited and important publications in the field. Results show that the SEA is a multidisciplinary subject; the SEABN belongs to the class of real small world networks with a dominance of publications in Environmental studies over a total of 12 scientific sectors. Christopher Wood, Olivia Bina, Matthew Cashmore, and Andrew Jordan are found to be the leading authors while Environmental Impact Assessment Review is by far the scientific journal with the highest number of publications in SEA studies. - Highlights: • We utilize network analysis to analyze scientific documents in the SEA field. • We build the SEA Bibliographic Network (SEABN) of 7662 publications. • We apply network analysis at macroscopic, mesoscopic and microscopic network levels. • We identify SEABN architecture, relevant publications, authors, subjects and journals.

  5. Literature review : reducing soft costs of rooftop solar installations attributed to structural considerations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dwyer, Stephen F.

    2013-03-01

    Typical engineering methods utilized to calculate stresses on a roof structure involve simplifying assumptions that render a complex non-linear structure a simple and basic determinate beam. That is, instead of considering the composite action of the entire roof structure, the engineer evaluates only a single beam that is deemed conservatively to represent an affected rafter or top chord of a truss. This simplification based on assumptions of a complex problem is where significant conservatism can be introduced. Empirical data will be developed to evaluate this issue. Simple wood beams will be tested to failure. More complex and complete sections of roof structures that include composite action will also be tested to failure. The results can then be compared. An initial step in this process involves a literature review of any work that has been performed on roof structure composite action. The following section summarizes the literature review that was completed.

  6. Analysis Tools for Sizing and Placement of Energy Storage for Grid Applications - A Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Michael G.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Sadovsky, Artyom; DeSteese, John G.

    2010-09-24

    The purpose of this report was to review pertinent literature and studies that might reveal models capable of optimizing the siting, sizing and economic value of energy storage in the future smart grid infrastructure. Energy storage technology and utility system deployment have been subjects of intense research and development for over three decades. During this time, many models have been developed that consider energy storage implementation in the electric power industry and other applications. Nevertheless, this review of literature discovered no actual models and only a few software tools that relate specifically to the application environment and expected requirements of the evolving smart grid infrastructure. This report indicates the existing need for such a model and describes a pathway for developing it.

  7. Literature review of United States utilities computer codes for calculating actinide isotope content in irradiated fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horak, W.C.; Lu, Ming-Shih.

    1991-12-01

    This paper reviews the accuracy and precision of methods used by United States electric utilities to determine the actinide isotopic and element content of irradiated fuel. After an extensive literature search, three key code suites were selected for review. Two suites of computer codes, CASMO and ARMP, are used for reactor physics calculations; the ORIGEN code is used for spent fuel calculations. They are also the most widely used codes in the nuclear industry throughout the world. Although none of these codes calculate actinide isotopics as their primary variables intended for safeguards applications, accurate calculation of actinide isotopic content is necessary to fulfill their function.

  8. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santero, Nicholas; Masanet, Eric; Horvath, Arpad

    2010-04-20

    This report provides a critical review of existing literature and modeling tools related to life-cycle assessment (LCA) applied to pavements. The review finds that pavement LCA is an expanding but still limited research topic in the literature, and that the existing body of work exhibits methodological deficiencies and incompatibilities that serve as barriers to the widespread utilization of LCA by pavement engineers and policy makers. This review identifies five key issues in the current body of work: inconsistent functional units, improper system boundaries, imbalanced data for asphalt and cement, use of limited inventory and impact assessment categories, and poor overall utility. This review also identifies common data and modeling gaps in pavement LCAs that should be addressed in future work. These gaps include: the use phase (rolling resistance, albedo, carbonation, lighting, leachate, and tire wear and emissions), asphalt fumes, feedstock energy of bitumen, traffic delay, the maintenance phase, and the end-of-life phase. This review concludes with a comprehensive list of recommendations for future research, which shed light on where improvements in knowledge can be made that will benefit the accuracy and comprehensiveness of pavement LCAs moving forward.

  9. A review of "Literature and Domestic Travel in Early Modern England" by Andrew McRae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, M. G.

    2012-01-01

    Rae. Literature and Domestic Travel in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. xi + 247 pp. + 9 illus. $90.00. Review by ?.?. ????, ?? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????. ?e work of Andrew McRae, professor of English... latest work, adding travel narratives, maps, and travel guides. McRae uses mobility as his access point into domestic travel, writing in the introduction that ?mobility lent shape to some of the de?nitive transformations of the era: from the shift...

  10. A review of "Roxolana in European Literature, History and Culture" edited by Galina Yermolenko 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malieckal, Bindu

    2012-01-01

    of Prince Rupert and his famous dog. Galina Yermolenko, ed. Roxolana in European Literature, History and Culture. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Press, 2010; pp. xvi + 318. $114.95 cloth. Review by ????? ?? ????? , ????? ???? ? ?? ???. In the popular... of Murad III (r.1574-1595). Of these three women, Hurrem in particular captured the European imagination and is mentioned in numerous texts, although, arguably, Nurbanu and Sa?ye?s interventions led to more 72 seventeenth-century news signi?cant bene...

  11. Synthesis of Isobutene and Isobutane from Synthesis Gas. A Literature Review Since 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petkovic, Lucia M.; Ginosar, Daniel M.

    2012-04-01

    The isosynthesis reaction is commonly referred as the reaction that converts selectively synthesis gas to isobutene and isobutane. The main feature of this reaction is the production of branched hydrocarbons in higher proportion with respect to linear hydrocarbons than expected from thermodynamic equilibrium and with a molecular weight distribution favoring iso-C4 hydrocarbons. This article reviews and summarizes isosynthesis research results reported in the open scientific literature with emphasis on the articles published in the last two decades.

  12. A review of "Psychosomatic Disorders in Seventeenth Century French Literature" by Bernadette Hofer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woshinsky, Barbara R.

    2010-01-01

    55 Bernadette H?fer. Psychosomatic Disorders in Seventeenth-Century French Literature. Farnham, England; Burlington, VT, USA: Ashgate, 2009. xiii + 245 pp. + 4 illus. $99.95. Review by barbara r. woshinsky, university of miami. This wide... in the French seventeenth century; that dualistic views reinforced the oppressive practices of the absolute monarchy; and that, in contrast, representations of psychosomatic disorders posed a ?clandestine, indeed repressed challenge to the hierarchical...

  13. Geochemistry Sampling for Traditional and Multicomponent Equilibrium Geothermometry in Southeast Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cannon, Cody; Wood, Thomas; Neupane, Ghanashyam; McLing, Travis; Mattson, Earl; Dobson, Patrick; Conrad, Mark

    2014-10-01

    The Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP) is an area of high regional heat flux due the movement of the North American Plate over the Yellowstone Hotspot beginning ca.16 Ma. Temperature gradients between 45-60 °C/km (up to double the global average) have been calculated from deep wells that penetrate the upper aquifer system (Blackwell 1989). Despite the high geothermal potential, thermal signatures from hot springs and wells are effectively masked by the rapid flow of cold groundwater through the highly permeable basalts of the Eastern Snake River Plain aquifer (ESRPA) (up to 500+ m thick). This preliminary study is part of an effort to more accurately predict temperatures of the ESRP deep thermal reservoir while accounting for the effects of the prolific cold water aquifer system above. This study combines the use of traditional geothermometry, mixing models, and a multicomponent equilibrium geothermometry (MEG) tool to investigate the geothermal potential of the ESRP. In March, 2014, a collaborative team including members of the University of Idaho, the Idaho National Laboratory, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory collected 14 thermal water samples from and adjacent to the Eastern Snake River Plain. The preliminary results of chemical analyses and geothermometry applied to these samples are presented herein.

  14. Literature Review and Assessment of Plant and Animal Transfer Factors Used in Performance Assessment Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, David E.; Cataldo, Dominic A.; Napier, Bruce A.; Krupka, Kenneth M.; Sasser, Lyle B.

    2003-07-20

    A literature review and assessment was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to update information on plant and animal radionuclide transfer factors used in performance-assessment modeling. A group of 15 radionuclides was included in this review and assessment. The review is composed of four main sections, not including the Introduction. Section 2.0 provides a review of the critically important issue of physicochemical speciation and geochemistry of the radionuclides in natural soil-water systems as it relates to the bioavailability of the radionuclides. Section 3.0 provides an updated review of the parameters of importance in the uptake of radionuclides by plants, including root uptake via the soil-groundwater system and foliar uptake due to overhead irrigation. Section 3.0 also provides a compilation of concentration ratios (CRs) for soil-to-plant uptake for the 15 selected radionuclides. Section 4.0 provides an updated review on radionuclide uptake data for animal products related to absorption, homeostatic control, approach to equilibration, chemical and physical form, diet, and age. Compiled transfer coefficients are provided for cow’s milk, sheep’s milk, goat’s milk, beef, goat meat, pork, poultry, and eggs. Section 5.0 discusses the use of transfer coefficients in soil, plant, and animal modeling using regulatory models for evaluating radioactive waste disposal or decommissioned sites. Each section makes specific suggestions for future research in its area.

  15. Recovery of Navy distillate fuel from reclaimed product. Volume II. Literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.

    1984-11-01

    In an effort to assist the Navy to better utilize its waste hydrocarbons, NIPER, with support from the US Department of Energy, is conducting research designed to ultimately develop a practical technique for converting Reclaimed Product (RP) into specification Naval Distillate Fuel (F-76). This first phase of the project was focused on reviewing the literature and available information from equipment manufacturers. The literature survey has been carefully culled for methodology applicable to the conversion of RP into diesel fuel suitable for Navy use. Based upon the results of this study, a second phase has been developed and outlined in which experiments will be performed to determine the most practical recycling technologies. It is realized that the final selection of one particular technology may be site-specific due to vast differences in RP volume and available facilities. A final phase, if funded, would involve full-scale testing of one of the recommended techniques at a refueling depot. The Phase I investigations are published in two volumes. Volume 1, Technical Discussion, includes the narrative and Appendices I and II. Appendix III, a detailed Literature Review, includes both a narrative portion and an annotated bibliography containing about 800 references and abstracts. This appendix, because of its volume, has been published separately as Volume 2.

  16. Transport of synthetic colloids through single saturated fractures: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimus, P.W.

    1995-07-01

    Colloids having the same surface charge sign as the bulk of the geologic media in a groundwater system may be able to travel through the system faster than soluble species because they will follow fluid streamlines more closely and they should have less tendency to diffuse into pores or dead spaces in the media than soluble species. Synthetic colloids with uniform, controlled properties may be ideal for serving as {open_quotes}worst-case{close_quotes} tracers that provide lower-bound estimates of contaminant travel times in hydrologic systems. This report discusses a review of the literature pertaining to colloid transport in single saturated natural fractures. After a brief background discussion to put the literature review in perspective, the phenomenon of colloid transport in saturated fractures is divided into three major topics, each of which is reviewed in detail: (1) saturated fluid flow through fractures; (2) colloid transport by convection, diffusion, and force fields; and (3) colloid interactions with surfaces. It is suggested that these phenomena be accounted for in colloid transport models by using (1) lubrication theory to describe water flow through fractures, (2) particle tracking methods to describe colloid transport in fractures, and (3) a kinetic boundary layer approximation to describe colloid interactions with fracture walls. These methods offer better computational efficiency and better experimental accessibility to model parameters than rigorously solving the complete governing equations.

  17. Literature search, review, and compilation of data for chemical and radiochemical sensors: Task 1 report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-01-01

    During the next several decades, the US Department of Energy is expected to spend tens of billions of dollars in the characterization, cleanup, and monitoring of DOE`s current and former installations that have various degrees of soil and groundwater contamination made up of both hazardous and mixed wastes. Each of these phases will require site surveys to determine type and quantity of hazardous and mixed wastes. It is generally recognized that these required survey and monitoring efforts cannot be performed using traditional chemistry methods based on laboratory evaluation of samples from the field. For that reason, a tremendous push during the past decade or so has been made on research and development of sensors. This report contains the results of an extensive literature search on sensors that are used or have applicability in environmental and waste management. While restricting the search to a relatively small part of the total chemistry spectrum, a sizable body of reference material is included. Results are presented in tabular form for general references obtained from data base searches, as narrative reviews of relevant chapters from proceedings, as book reviews, and as reviews of journal articles with particular relevance to the review. Four broad sensor types are covered: electrochemical processes, piezoelectric devices, fiber optics, and radiochemical processes. The topics of surface chemistry processes and biosensors are not treated separately because they often are an adjunct to one of the four sensors listed. About 1,000 tabular entries are listed, including selected journal articles, reviews of conference/meeting proceedings, and books. Literature to about mid-1992 is covered.

  18. Best Practices in Literature Review for the 10 Year Extreme Wind Update at the DOE Pantex Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Best Practices in Literature Review for the 10 Year Extreme Wind Update at the DOE Pantex Site Presented by B&W Technical Services, Pantex, Pro2Serve and EKU October 26, 2011

  19. Electric coheating as a means to test duct efficiency: A review and analysis of the literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, J.W.

    1995-08-01

    Recent published literature on electric coheating was reviewed in order to assess its suitability for use in a method of test for the efficiency of residential duct systems. Electric coheating is the research use of electric heaters within the heated space to assess the thermal integrity of the building envelope. Information was sought in two primary areas: (1) experimental methodology and (2) accuracy of the coheating method. A variety of experimental variations was found, and the method was judged, on the basis of published data, to be capable of sufficient accuracy for use in duct testing.

  20. Allocatin of functions in man-machine systems: a perspective and literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, H. E.; Maisano, R. E.; Van Cott, H. P.

    1982-06-01

    This report reviews the literature relevant to allocation of functions and presents a procedure for the allocation process applicable to nuclear power plant control rooms. An historical perspective of man's relationship with technology is given as background. Methods and models that have been developed to aid the allocation process are then considered, followed by examples of real-world applications. The relationship of allocation of function to the system development process is outlined. The report then turns to the proposed procedure of the allocation process.

  1. Literature Review on the Effects of Prescription Fire on theEcology of Site 300

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, R

    2011-03-14

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has historically conducted prescription burns across approximately 2,000 acres of Site 300 on an annual basis to safeguard test facilities and operations from the risk of wildfire encroachment. Prescription burns began in 1960, and although fire frequency varies among the designated burn areas, all have been burned at least once. A patchwork of native perennial grassland communities and associated special-status plant and animal populations occur onsite in many areas that have been receiving these treatments. Because the size and locations of prescription burns may shift in coming years, an evaluation is warranted to determine how these shifts may affect listed biota, including rare plants, and the distinct ecological conditions present on the site. This report presents the results of a literature review conducted by ICF International (ICF) to collect basic information on native perennial grasslands in California, the influence of fire on these grasslands, and management tools for restoring and maintaining them. The objective of this study was to review the scientific literature on California native grasslands and summarize the current state of knowledge pertaining to the possible effects -- both beneficial and detrimental -- of prescribed fire on the ecology of Site 300. The results of this review are intended to inform future management practices that may be carried out at Site 300 to maintain the plant and wildlife communities and to ensure that the ecological conditions benefit the special-status species that inhabit the Site. This review is also intended to identify a study approach to investigate changes over the next 10 years in the burned areas and in areas where burning will be discontinued.

  2. LITERATURE REVIEW: REDUCTION OF NP(V) TO NP (IV)-ALTERNATIVES TO FERROUS SULFAMATE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kessinger, G.; Kyser, E.; Almond, P.

    2009-09-28

    The baseline approach to control of Np oxidation in UREX and PUREX separation processes is the reduction of Np(V) and Np(VI) to Np(IV) using ferrous sulfamate. Use of this reagent results in increased sulfur and iron concentrations in the liquid waste streams from the process. Presence of these two elements, especially sulfur, increases the complexity of the development of wasteforms for immobilizing these effluents. Investigations are underway to identify reductants that eliminate sulfur and iron from the Np reduction process. While there are a variety of chemical reductants that will reduce Np to Np(IV) in nitric acid media, the reaction rates for most are so slow that the reductants are not be feasible for use in an operating plant process. In an attempt to identify additional alternatives to ferrous sulfamate, a literature search and review was performed. Based on the results of the literature review, it is concluded that photochemical and catalytic processes should also be investigated to test the utility of these two approaches. The catalytic process could be investigated for use in conjunction with chemical oxidants to speed the reaction rates for reductants that react slowly, but would otherwise be appropriate replacements for ferrous sulfamate. The photochemical approach, which has received little attention during the past few decades, also shows promise, especially the photocatalytic approach that includes a catalyst, such as Pt supported on SiC, which can be used in tandem with an oxidant, for Np reduction.

  3. Climate change and water supply, management and use: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, L.H.; Draves, J.D.; Hunsaker, C.T.

    1992-05-01

    There is evidence that atmospheric concentrations Of C0{sub 2}, tropospheric 0{sub 3}, and CH{sub 4}, among other gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect, have increased in recent decades, and that these changes may induce changes in global air temperatures and regional climate features in coming years. A literature review was conducted to sample the literature base on which our understanding of the water resource impacts of climate change rests. Water resource issues likely to be important include hydrologic response to climate change, the resilience of water supply systems to changing climatic and hydrologic conditions, and the effects of climate change on water quality and water uses (such as navigation and energy generation). A computer-assisted search of literature on the effects of climate change on these subjects was conducted. All studies were classified by type of paper (e.g., review, discussion, case study), region, water resource variable studied, and source of climate scenario. The resulting bibliography containing more than 200 references was largely annotated. Case studies of potential hydrologic impacts have been more common than studies of impacts on water management or water use, but this apparent research gap is decreasing. Case studies demonstrating methods of incorporating potential risks of climate change into water project planning and management have been performed. Considerable variability in regional coverage exists; the Great Lakes basin and California receive relatively more attention than such regions as New England and the Missouri River basin. General circulation model-based and hypothetical climate scenarios have been the dominant sources of climate scenarios used in case studies, although a variety of other methods for developing climate scenarios have been developed.

  4. Literature Review of Uncertainty of Analysis Methods (Inverse Model Toolkit), Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Cho, S.

    2004-01-01

    This report reviews the reported uncertainty of ASHRAE’s Inverse Model Toolkit (IMT) analysis method and the linear, and change-point linear algorithms that it uses by reviewing the published literature on the related accuracy of IMT and its...

  5. An experimental investigation into the effects of fluid composition on certain geothermometry methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Leslie Anne

    1985-01-01

    to the surface and the rock type through which it flows, 4) the geothermal gradient, 6) the flow rate to the surface, 6) steam loss, 7) mixing with other thermal waters, and 8 ) dilution by non-thermal waters . In the geothermometry methods discussed... to be called the quartz geothermometer. The equation for the quartz geothermometer is based on the dissolution reaction of pure quartz as shown by the following reaction: 2 (qtz) 2 (aq) For pure quartz, the activity is equal to one, and the equilibrium...

  6. Review of the physical oceanography of the Cape Hatteras, North Carolina Region. Volume 1. Literature synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, C.E.; Berger, T.J.; Boicourt, W.C.; Churchill, J.H.; Earle, M.D.

    1993-10-01

    The present study is part of a sequence of programs designed to provide the MMS with a basis for evaluating the potential environmental impacts of oil and gas production off of the Cape Hatteras region. The primary objective of this review is to summarize and critique the present state of knowledge of the physical oceanography of the complex region offshore of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, within the context of understanding the regional circulation and its relation to the fate of any discharges resulting from offshore oil and gas activity. The two other related objectives are to produce an annotated bibliography of the pertinent literature, primarily from 1970 to the present, and to identify relevant oceanographic data sets which can provide a basis for an improved understanding of circulation patterns and physical oceanographic conditions in the study area.

  7. Weld overlay coatings for erosion control. Task A: Literature review, progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levin, B.; DuPont, J.N.; Marder, A.R.

    1993-03-03

    A literature review was made. In spite of similarities between abrasive wear and solid particle erosion, weld overlay hardfacing alloys that exhibit high abrasion resistance may not necessarily have good erosion resistance. The performance of weld overlay hardfacing alloys in erosive environments has not been studied in detail. It is believed that primary-solidified hard phases such as carbides and intermetallic compounds have a strong influence on erosion resistance of weld overlay hardfacing alloys. However, relationships between size, shape, and volume fraction of hard phases in a hardfacing alloys and erosion resistance were not established. Almost all hardfacing alloys can be separated into two major groups based upon chemical compositions of the primary solidified hard phases: (a) carbide hardening alloys (Co-base/carbide, WC-Co and some Fe base superalloys); and (b) intermetallic hardening alloys (Ni-base alloys, austenitic steels, iron-aluminides).

  8. A review of "Literature and the Politics of Family in Seventeenth-Century England" by Su Fang Ng 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavanagh, Sheila T.

    2008-01-01

    . Literature and the Politics of Family in Seventeenth-Century England. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Viii+236 pp. Review by SHEILA T. CAVANAGH, EMORY UNIVERSITY. Su Fang Ng?s comprehensive new book explores conceptualizations of families... in literature and political thought of seventeenth-century England. Casting a wide net, ranging from Milton and Hobbes to Margaret Cavendish and early Quakerism, Ng?s monograph will be of interest to scholars work- ing in disparate areas of seventeenth...

  9. MATERIAL COMPATIBILITY EVALUATION FOR DWPF NITRIC-GLYCOLIC ACID - LITERATURE REVIEW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickalonis, J.; Skidmore, E.

    2013-06-05

    Glycolic acid is being evaluated as an alternative for formic and nitric acid in the DWPF flowsheet. Demonstration testing and modeling for this new flowsheet has shown that glycolic acid and glycolate has a potential to remain in certain streams generated during the production of the nuclear waste glass. A literature review was conducted to assess the impact of glycolic acid on the corrosion of the materials of construction for the DWPF facility as well as facilities downstream which may have residual glycolic acid and glycolates present. The literature data was limited to solutions containing principally glycolic acid. The reported corrosion rates and degradation characteristics have shown the following for the materials of construction. ? For C276 alloy, the primary material of construction for the CPC vessels, corrosion rates of either 2 or 20 mpy were reported up to a temperature of 93 ?C. ? For the austenitic stainless steels, 304L and 316L, variable rates were reported over a range of temperatures, varying from 2 mpy up to 200 mpy (at 100 ?C). ? For 690, G30, Allcorr, Ultimet and Stellite alloys no data were available. ? For relevant polymers where data are available, the data suggests that exposure to glycolic acid is not detrimental. The literature data had limited application to the DWPF process since only the storage and feed vessels, pumps and piping used to handle the glycolic acid are directly covered by the available data. These components are either 304L or 316L alloys for which the literature data is inconsistent (See Bullet 2 above). Corrosion rates in pure glycolic acid solutions also are not representative of the DWPF process streams. This stream is complex and contains aggressive species, i.e. chlorides, sulfates, mercury, as well as antifoaming agents which cumulatively have an unknown effect on the corrosion rates of the materials of construction. Therefore, testing is recommended to investigate any synergistic effects of the aggressive species and to verify the performance of materials in the key process vessels as well as downstream vessels and processes such as the evaporator where heating is occurring. The following testing would provide data for establishing the viability of these components. ? Electrochemical testing - evaluate the corrosion rate and susceptibility to localized corrosion within the SRAT, SME, OGCT, Quencher and Evaporator. Testing would be conducted at operational temperatures in simulants with ranges of glycolic acid, iron, chloride, sulfate, mercury, and antifoaming agents. ? Hot-wall testing – evaluate the corrosion under heat transfer conditions to simulate those for heating coils and evaporator coil surfaces. Testing would be at nominal chemistries with concentration of glycolic acid, chloride, sulfate and mercury at high expected concentrations. Some tests would be performed with antifoaming agents. ? Melter coupon testing – evaluate the performance of alloy 690 in melter feeds containing glycolic acid. This testing would be conducted as part of the melter flammability testing. ? Polymer testing – evaluate changes in polymer properties in immersion testing with DWPF simulants to provide product-specific data for service life evaluation and analyze the Hansen solubility parameters for relevant polymers in glycolic vs. formic acid. During this literature review process, the difficulties associated with measuring the liquid level in formic acid tanks were revealed. A test is recommended to resolve this issue prior to the introduction of glycolic acid into the DWPF. This testing would evaluate the feasibility of using ultrasonic inspection techniques to determine liquid level and other desirable attributes of glycolic acid in DWPF storage tanks and related equipment.

  10. Literature review of the concentration ratios of selected radionuclides in freshwater and marine fish

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poston, T.M.; Klopfer, D.C.

    1986-09-01

    Concentration ratios (CR's) used for modeling the uptake and food chain transport of radionuclides in fish have usually been conservative; that is, at the high end of reported values. This practice ensures that the dose to the consumer of contaminated fish will not be underestimated. In many models, however, conservative values have been used for all variables that have any uncertainty associated with them. As a result the dose to the consumer is overestimated. Realistic CR values need to be developed to establish model parameters that will accurately reflect tissue burdens in fish and resulting dose rates to consumers. This report reviews and summarizes published literature on the uptake and distribution of stable and radioactive isotopes of 26 elements. Based on this review, we have made recommendations on CR values to be used for modeling the accumulation of radionuclides in fish. Our recommendations are compared with CR values reported in other publications. A generic discussion of abiotic and biotic factors that influence CR values is provided so that CR values may be adjusted based on site-specific characteristics of the fishes habitat. Recommended CR values for freshwater fish and for marine fish are listed. Although this report emphasizes radionuclides, it is applicable to stable elements as well.

  11. Open literature review of threats including sabotage and theft of fissile material transport in Japan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

    2005-06-01

    This report is a review of open literature concerning threats including sabotage and theft related to fissile material transport in Japan. It is intended to aid Japanese officials in the development of a design basis threat. This threat includes the external threats of the terrorist, criminal, and extremist, and the insider threats of the disgruntled employee, the employee forced into cooperation via coercion, the psychotic employee, and the criminal employee. Examination of the external terrorist threat considers Japanese demographics, known terrorist groups in Japan, and the international relations of Japan. Demographically, Japan has a relatively homogenous population, both ethnically and religiously. Japan is a relatively peaceful nation, but its history illustrates that it is not immune to terrorism. It has a history of domestic terrorism and the open literature points to the Red Army, Aum Shinrikyo, Chukaku-Ha, and Seikijuku. Japan supports the United States in its war on terrorism and in Iraq, which may make Japan a target for both international and domestic terrorists. Crime appears to remain low in Japan; however sources note that the foreign crime rate is increasing as the number of foreign nationals in the country increases. Antinuclear groups' recent foci have been nuclear reprocessing technology, transportation of MOX fuel, and possible related nuclear proliferation issues. The insider threat is first defined by the threat of the disgruntled employee. This threat can be determined by studying the history of Japan's employment system, where Keiretsu have provided company stability and lifetime employment. Recent economic difficulties and an increase of corporate crime, due to sole reliability on the honor code, have begun to erode employee loyalty.

  12. High energy arcing fault fires in switchgear equipment : a literature review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowlen, Steven Patrick; Brown, Jason W.; Wyant, Francis John

    2008-10-01

    In power generating plants, switchgear provide a means to isolate and de-energize specific electrical components and buses in order to clear downstream faults, perform routine maintenance, and replace necessary electrical equipment. These protective devices may be categorized by the insulating medium, such as air or oil, and are typically specified by voltage classes, i.e. low, medium, and high voltage. Given their high energy content, catastrophic failure of switchgear by means of a high energy arcing fault (HEAF) may occur. An incident such as this may lead to an explosion and fire within the switchgear, directly impact adjacent components, and possibly render dependent electrical equipment inoperable. Historically, HEAF events have been poorly documented and discussed in little detail. Recent incidents involving switchgear components at nuclear power plants, however, were scrupulously investigated. The phenomena itself is only understood on a very elementary level from preliminary experiments and theories; though many have argued that these early experiments were inaccurate due to primitive instrumentation or poorly justified methodologies and thus require re-evaluation. Within the past two decades, however, there has been a resurgence of research that analyzes previous work and modern technology. Developing a greater understanding of the HEAF phenomena, in particular the affects on switchgear equipment and other associated switching components, would allow power generating industries to minimize and possibly prevent future occurrences, thereby reducing costs associated with repair and downtime. This report presents the findings of a literature review focused on arc fault studies for electrical switching equipment. The specific objective of this review was to assess the availability of the types of information needed to support development of improved treatment methods in fire Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for nuclear power plant applications.

  13. Soil Stabilization Methods with Potential for Application at the Nevada National Security Site: A Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shillito, Rose; Fenstermaker, Lynn

    2014-01-01

    Nuclear testing at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) has resulted in large areas of surficial radionuclide-contaminated soils. Much of the radionuclide contamination is found at or near the soil surface, and due to the dry climate setting, and the long half-life of radioactive isotopes, soil erosion poses a long-term health risk at the NNSS. The objective of this literature review is to present a survey of current stabilization methods used for minimizing soil erosion, both by water and wind. The review focuses on in situ uses of fundamental chemical and physical mechanisms for soil stabilization. A basic overview of the physical and chemical properties of soil is also presented to provide a basis for assessing stabilization methods. Some criteria for stabilization evaluation are identified based on previous studies at the NNSS. Although no specific recommendations are presented as no stabilization method, alone or in combination, will be appropriate in all circumstances, discussions of past and current stabilization procedures and specific soil tests that may aid in current or future soil stabilization activities at the NNSS are presented. However, not all Soils Corrective Action Sites (CASs) or Corrective Action Units (CAUs) will require stabilization of surficial radionuclide-contaminated soils. Each Soils CAS or CAU should be evaluated for site-specific conditions to determine if soil stabilization is necessary or practical for a given specific site closure alternative. If stabilization is necessary, then a determination will be made as to which stabilization technique is the most appropriate for that specific site.

  14. Endovascular Treatment of Active Splenic Bleeding After Colonoscopy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corcillo, Antonella, E-mail: antonella.corcillo@chuv.ch [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Medecine Interne (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Medecine Interne (Switzerland); Aellen, Steve, E-mail: steve.aellen@hopitalvs.ch; Zingg, Tobias [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland); Bize, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland); Demartines, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland); Denys, Alban [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: Colonoscopy is reported to be a safe procedure that is routinely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diseases. Splenic rupture is considered to be a rare complication with high mortality and morbidity that requires immediate diagnosis and management. Nonoperative management (NOM), surgical treatment (ST), and, more recently, proximal splenic artery embolization (PSAE) have been proposed as treatment options. The goal of this study was to assess whether PSAE is safe even in high-grade ruptures. Methods: We report two rare cases of post colonoscopy splenic rupture. A systematic review of the literature from 2002 to 2010 (first reported case of PSAE) was performed and the three types of treatment compared. Results: All patients reviewed (77 of 77) presented with intraperitoneal hemorrhage due to isolated splenic trauma. Splenic rupture was high-grade in most patients when grading was possible. Six of 77 patients (7.8 %) were treated with PSAE, including the 2 cases reported herein. Fifty-seven patients (74 %) underwent ST. NOM was attempted first in 25 patients with a high failure rate (11 of 25 [44 %]) and requiring a salvage procedure, such as PSAE or ST. Previous surgery (31 of 59 patients), adhesions (10 of 13), diagnostic colonoscopies (49 of 71), previous biopsies or polypectomies (31 of 57) and female sex (56 of 77) were identified as risk factors. In contrast, splenomegaly (0 of 77 patients), medications that increase the risk of bleeding (13 of 30) and difficult colonoscopies (16 of 51) were not identified as risk factors. PSAE was safe and effective even in elderly patients with comorbidities and those taking medications that increase the risk of bleeding, and the length of the hospital stay was similar to that after ST. Conclusion: We propose a treatment algorithm based on clinical and radiological criteria. Because of the high failure rate after NOM, PSAE should be the treatment of choice to manage grade I through IV splenic ruptures after colonoscopy in hemodynamically stabilized patients.

  15. Literature Review of Uncertainty of Analysis Methods (F-Chart Program), Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Cho, S.

    2004-01-01

    This literature review covers the F-Chart program, which is one of the legacy programs in the ESL’s Emissions Calculator (eCALC), a web-based emissions reductions calculator. The eCALC program is a tool for those who want to see how their energy...

  16. A Spectrum of Nerve Injury after Thermal Ablation: A Report of Four Cases and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philip, Asher; Gupta, Sanjay Ahrar, Kamran Tam, Alda L.

    2013-10-15

    Thermal ablation is an accepted alternative for the palliation of pain from bone metastases. Although rare, neurologic complications after thermal ablation have been reported. We present four cases, including two cases of rapid reversal of postcryoablation neurapraxia after the administration of steroid therapy, and review the literature.

  17. Approved Module Information for LT1312, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Literature Review Project Module Code: LT1312

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LT1312, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Literature Review Project Module Code: LT1312 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name David Carpenter Email Address d

  18. Literature Review of Uncertainty of Analysis Methods, (DOE-2 Program), Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Cho, S.

    2004-01-01

    This literature review covers the DOE-2 simulation program, which is one of the legacy programs in the ESL’s Emissions Calculator (eCalc), a web-based emissions reductions calculator. The eCalc program is a tool for those who want to see how...

  19. Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling Conclusions Outline Introduction Literature review An integrated electric power supply chain and fuel market Integrated Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions Electric Power Supply Chains and Fuel

  20. Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling supply chain and fuel market network framework Empirical case study and examples Conclusions. #12 Power Supply Chains and Fuel Suppliers #12;Introduction Literature Review Integrated Electric Power

  1. Thermodynamic Data for Geochemical Modeling of Carbonate Reactions Associated with CO2 Sequestration – Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krupka, Kenneth M.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; McGrail, B. Peter

    2010-09-28

    Permanent storage of anthropogenic CO2 in deep geologic formations is being considered as a means to reduce the concentration of atmospheric CO2 and thus its contribution to global climate change. To ensure safe and effective geologic sequestration, numerous studies have been completed of the extent to which the CO2 migrates within geologic formations and what physical and geochemical changes occur in these formations when CO2 is injected. Sophisticated, computerized reservoir simulations are used as part of field site and laboratory CO2 sequestration studies. These simulations use coupled multiphase flow-reactive chemical transport models and/or standalone (i.e., no coupled fluid transport) geochemical models to calculate gas solubility, aqueous complexation, reduction/oxidation (redox), and/or mineral solubility reactions related to CO2 injection and sequestration. Thermodynamic data are critical inputs to modeling geochemical processes. The adequacy of thermodynamic data for carbonate compounds has been identified as an important data requirement for the successful application of these geochemical reaction models to CO2 sequestration. A review of thermodynamic data for CO2 gas and carbonate aqueous species and minerals present in published data compilations and databases used in geochemical reaction models was therefore completed. Published studies that describe mineralogical analyses from CO2 sequestration field and natural analogue sites and laboratory studies were also reviewed to identify specific carbonate minerals that are important to CO2 sequestration reactions and therefore require thermodynamic data. The results of the literature review indicated that an extensive thermodynamic database exists for CO2 and CH4 gases, carbonate aqueous species, and carbonate minerals. Values of ?fG298° and/or log Kr,298° are available for essentially all of these compounds. However, log Kr,T° or heat capacity values at temperatures above 298 K exist for less than approximately one-third of these compounds. Because the temperatures of host formations that will be used for CO2 injection and sequestration will be at tempera¬tures in the range of 50ºC to 100ºC or greater, the lack of high temperature thermodynamic values for key carbonate compounds especially minerals, will impact the accuracy of some modeling calculations.

  2. LITERATURE REVIEW ON IMPACT OF GLYCOLATE ON THE 2H EVAPORATOR AND THE EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adu-Wusu, K.

    2012-05-10

    Glycolic acid (GA) is being studied as an alternate reductant in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed preparation process. It will either be a total or partial replacement for the formic acid that is currently used. A literature review has been conducted on the impact of glycolate on two post-DWPF downstream systems - the 2H Evaporator system and the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF). The DWPF recycle stream serves as a portion of the feed to the 2H Evaporator. Glycolate enters the evaporator system from the glycolate in the recycle stream. The overhead (i.e., condensed phase) from the 2H Evaporator serves as a portion of the feed to the ETF. The literature search revealed that virtually no impact is anticipated for the 2H Evaporator. Glycolate may help reduce scale formation in the evaporator due to its high complexing ability. The drawback of the solubilizing ability is the potential impact on the criticality analysis of the 2H Evaporator system. It is recommended that at least a theoretical evaluation to confirm the finding that no self-propagating violent reactions with nitrate/nitrites will occur should be performed. Similarly, identification of sources of ignition relevant to glycolate and/or update of the composite flammability analysis to reflect the effects from the glycolate additions for the 2H Evaporator system are in order. An evaluation of the 2H Evaporator criticality analysis is also needed. A determination of the amount or fraction of the glycolate in the evaporator overhead is critical to more accurately assess its impact on the ETF. Hence, use of predictive models like OLI Environmental Simulation Package Software (OLI/ESP) and/or testing are recommended for the determination of the glycolate concentration in the overhead. The impact on the ETF depends on the concentration of glycolate in the ETF feed. The impact is classified as minor for feed glycolate concentrations {le} 33 mg/L or 0.44 mM. The ETF unit operations that will have minor/major impacts are chlorination, pH adjustment, 1st mercury removal, organics removal, 2nd mercury removal, and ion exchange. For minor impacts, the general approach is to use historical process operations data/modeling software like OLI/ESP and/or monitoring/compiled process operations data to resolve any uncertainties with testing as a last resort. For major impacts (i.e., glycolate concentrations > 33 mg/L or 0.44 mM), testing is recommended. No impact is envisaged for the following ETF unit operations regardless of the glycolate concentration - filtration, reverse osmosis, ion exchange resin regeneration, and evaporation.

  3. A review of "Martyrdom and Literature in Early Modern England." by Susannah Brietz Monta 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lissa Beauchamp

    2005-01-01

    , one which regularly records the sort of appreciation for both the intricacy and the immediacy of Milton?s prose which can be found in the work of Webber, Parker, Lewalski, and Corns. Susannah Brietz Monta. Martyrdom and Literature in Early Modern... their statuses as martyrs). Though occasionally difficult to follow, this contribution to scholarship on early modern literature, drama, and religious history is knowledgeable and insightful. Reid Barbour. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth...

  4. A review of "A Search for Meaning: Critical Essays on Early Modern Literature." by Paula Harms Payne ed. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phoebe S. Spinrad

    2006-01-01

    -CENTURY NEWS Paula Harms Payne, ed. A Search for Meaning: Critical Essays on Early Modern Literature. New York: Peter Lang, 2004. x + 159 pp. + 3 illus. $55.95. Review by PHOEBE S. SPINRAD, THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY. It is always difficult to do justice to a... collection of essays on diverse themes, and it becomes especially difficult when the collection is also in diverse modes, as it is in A Search for Meaning: Critical Essays on Early Modern Literature, edited by Paula Harms Payne in honor of Albert W. Fields...

  5. Literature review supporting assessment of potential radionuclides in the 291-Z exhaust ventilation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahoney, L.A.; Ballinger, M.Y.; Jette, S.J.; Thomas, L.M. Glissmeyer, J.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Davis, W.E. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-08-01

    This literature review was prepared to support a study conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory to assess the potential deposition and resuspension of radionuclides in the 291-Z ventilation exhaust building located in the 200 West Area of the US Department of Energy`s Hanford Project near Richland, Washington. The filtered ventilation air from three of the facilities at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) complex are combined together in the 291-Z building before discharge through a common stack. These three facilities contributing filtered exhaust air to the discharge stream are (1) the PFP, also known as the Z-Plant or 234-5Z, (2) the Plutonium Reclamation Facility (PRF or 236-Z), and (3), the Waste Incinerator Building (WIB or 232-Z). The 291-Z building houses the exhaust fans that pull air from the 291-Z central collection plenum and exhausts the air to the stack. Section 2.0 of this report is a description of the physical characteristic of the ventilation system from the High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters to the exhaust stack. A description of the processes performed in the facilities that are vented through 291-Z is given in Section 3.0. The description focuses on the chemical and physical forms of potential aerosols given off from the unit operations. A timeline of the operations and events that may have affected the deposition of material in the ventilation system is shown. Aerosol and radiation measurements taken in previous studies are also discussed. Section 4.0 discusses the factors that influence particle deposition and adhesion. Mechanisms of attachment and resuspension are covered with specific attention to the PFP ducts. Conclusions and recommendations are given in Section 5.0.

  6. A review of "Homoerotic Space: The Poetics of Loss in Renaissance Literature." by Stephen Guy-Bray 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Levy-Navarro

    2003-01-01

    73 range of expression in early modern England. Both contributions should prove useful as models. Stephen Guy-Bray. Homoerotic Space: The Poetics of Loss in Renais- sance Literature. Buffalo; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. x + 265.... Review ELENA LEVY-NAVARRO, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- WHITEWATER. Homoerotic Space represents an important intervention in criticism on the history of ?sexuality? in the Renaissance period. Of par- ticular importance is its emphasis on ?homoerotic space...

  7. A review of "Autobiography and Gender in Early Modern Literature: Reading Women's Lives, 1600-1680" by Sharon Cadman Seelig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Julie D.

    2007-01-01

    Seelig. Autobiography and Gender in Early Modern Literature: Reading Women?s Lives, 1600-1680. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 214pp. 75.00 cloth; Review by JULIE D. CAMPBELL, EASTERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY. In this study on autobiography... making or the author?s?? (11). Seelig then provides close readings of the texts based on her responses to such questions. She summarizes her intentions by stating, ?My goal is not to arrive at an absolute definition of these forms [of autobiography...

  8. LITERATURE REVIEWS TO SUPPORT ION EXCHANGE TECHNOLOGY SELECTION FOR MODULAR SALT PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, W

    2007-11-30

    This report summarizes the results of literature reviews conducted to support the selection of a cesium removal technology for application in a small column ion exchange (SCIX) unit supported within a high level waste tank. SCIX is being considered as a technology for the treatment of radioactive salt solutions in order to accelerate closure of waste tanks at the Savannah River Site (SRS) as part of the Modular Salt Processing (MSP) technology development program. Two ion exchange materials, spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde (RF) and engineered Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST), are being considered for use within the SCIX unit. Both ion exchange materials have been studied extensively and are known to have high affinities for cesium ions in caustic tank waste supernates. RF is an elutable organic resin and CST is a non-elutable inorganic material. Waste treatment processes developed for the two technologies will differ with regard to solutions processed, secondary waste streams generated, optimum column size, and waste throughput. Pertinent references, anticipated processing sequences for utilization in waste treatment, gaps in the available data, and technical comparisons will be provided for the two ion exchange materials to assist in technology selection for SCIX. The engineered, granular form of CST (UOP IE-911) was the baseline ion exchange material used for the initial development and design of the SRS SCIX process (McCabe, 2005). To date, in-tank SCIX has not been implemented for treatment of radioactive waste solutions at SRS. Since initial development and consideration of SCIX for SRS waste treatment an alternative technology has been developed as part of the River Protection Project Waste Treatment Plant (RPP-WTP) Research and Technology program (Thorson, 2006). Spherical RF resin is the baseline media for cesium removal in the RPP-WTP, which was designed for the treatment of radioactive waste supernates and is currently under construction in Hanford, WA. Application of RF for cesium removal in the Hanford WTP does not involve in-riser columns but does utilize the resin in large scale column configurations in a waste treatment facility. The basic conceptual design for SCIX involves the dissolution of saltcake in SRS Tanks 1-3 to give approximately 6 M sodium solutions and the treatment of these solutions for cesium removal using one or two columns supported within a high level waste tank. Prior to ion exchange treatment, the solutions will be filtered for removal of entrained solids. In addition to Tanks 1-3, solutions in two other tanks (37 and 41) will require treatment for cesium removal in the SCIX unit. The previous SCIX design (McCabe, 2005) utilized CST for cesium removal with downflow supernate processing and included a CST grinder following cesium loading. Grinding of CST was necessary to make the cesium-loaded material suitable for vitrification in the SRS Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Because RF resin is elutable (and reusable) and processing requires conversion between sodium and hydrogen forms using caustic and acidic solutions more liquid processing steps are involved. The WTP baseline process involves a series of caustic and acidic solutions (downflow processing) with water washes between pH transitions across neutral. In addition, due to resin swelling during conversion from hydrogen to sodium form an upflow caustic regeneration step is required. Presumably, one of these basic processes (or some variation) will be utilized for MSP for the appropriate ion exchange technology selected. CST processing involves two primary waste products: loaded CST and decontaminated salt solution (DSS). RF processing involves three primary waste products: spent RF resin, DSS, and acidic cesium eluate, although the resin is reusable and typically does not require replacement until completion of multiple treatment cycles. CST processing requires grinding of the ion exchange media, handling of solids with high cesium loading, and handling of liquid wash and conditioning solutions. RF processing requires h

  9. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests; Literature Review and Site Selection, Nov. 1997 (Revised Feb. 1998) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.

    1997-01-01

    This is the preliminary report contains the literature review and site selection recommendations for ASHRAE Research Project RP 1004 — "Determining Long-term Performance of Cool Storage Systems From Short-term Tests"....

  10. Literature review of the lifetime of DOE materials: Aging of plastic bonded explosives and the explosives and polymers contained therein

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burgess, C.E.; Woodyard, J.D. [West Texas A and M Univ., Canyon, TX (United States); Rainwater, K.A. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States); Lightfoot, J.M. [Pantex Plant, Amarillo, TX (United States); Richardson, B.R. [Engineered Carbons, Inc., Borger, TX (United States)

    1998-09-01

    There are concerns about the lifetime of the nation`s stockpile of high explosives (HEs) and their components. The DOE`s Core Surveillance and Enhanced Surveillance programs specifically target degradation of HE, binders, and plastic-bonded explosives (PBXs) for determination of component lifetimes and handling procedures. The principal goal of this project is to identify the decomposition mechanisms of HEs, plasticizers, and plastic polymer binders resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation, heat, and humidity. The primary HEs of concern are 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazocyclooctane (HMX). Hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is closely related to these two compounds and is also included in the literature review. Both Kel-F 800 and Estane are polymers of interest. A stabilizer, Irganox 1010, and an energetic plasticizer that is a blend of acetaldehyde 2,2-dinitropropyl acetal, are also of interest, but the focus of this report will be on the explosives and polymers. This presents a literature review that provides background on the synthesis, degradation, and techniques to analyze TATB, HMX, RDX, Kel-F 800, Estane, and the PBXs of these compounds. As there are many factors that can influence degradation of materials, the degradation discussion will be divided into sections based on each factor and how it might affect the degradation mechanism. The factors reviewed that influence the degradation of these materials are exposure to heat, UV- and {gamma}-irradiation, and the chemistry of these compounds. The report presents a recently compiled accounting of the available literature. 80 refs., 7 figs.

  11. Scaleup tests and supporting research for the development of duct injection technology. Topical report No. 1, Literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gooch, J.P.; Dismukes, E.B.; Dahlin, R.S.; Faulkner, M.G. [Southern Research Inst., Birmingham, AL (United States); Klett, M.G.; Buchanan, T.L.; Hunt, J.E. [Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Reading, PA (United States)

    1989-05-01

    Gilbert Commonwealth, Southern Research Institute and the American Electric Power Service Corporation have embarked on a program to convert DOE`s Duct Injection Test Facility located at the Muskingum River Power Plant of Ohio Power Company to test alternate duct injection technologies. The technologies to be tested include slurry sorbent injection of hydrated lime using dual fluid nozzles, or a rotary atomizer and pneumatic injection of hydrated lime, with flue gas humidification before or after sorbent injection. The literature review and analysis contained in this report is a part of the preparatory effort for the test program.

  12. Identification of energy conservation research opportunities: a review and synthesis of the literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopp, W.J.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Hauser, S.G.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

    1982-03-01

    Thirty-eight studies of energy conservation research opportunities are reviewed. The 38 studies chosen for review include many of the major efforts in the identification of energy conservation research and development (R and D) opportunities and provide a representative sample of the types of studies that have been performed. The sample includes studies that focus on specific energy use (e.g., auto transport), as well as studies that focus on specific types of research (e.g., materials science). The sample also includes studies that can be further contrasted in terms of long-term vs. short-term projects, evolutionary vs. revolutionary ideas, generic vs. process-specific activities, and technology base research vs. hardware development. Each of these perspectives contributes toward assuring coverage of the breadth of energy conservation R and D opportunities. In each review the technical or end-use focus is described, the research ideas identified in the study are listed, and a critical summary is given. The reviews also indicate whether the studies present end-use consumption data, estimate potential energy savings, estimate times to commercialization, summarize existing research programs, or describe the identification methodology. In Section 2.0 the various research studies are compared. In Section 3.0 the characteristics of an aggregate list of research ideas are discussed. The characteristics were collected from the research opportunities studies, which are included in Appendix A. Appendix A contains a compilation of energy conservation R and D opportunities arranged by energy end-use applications. Appendix B contains an outline of the format followed in writing the critical reviews of the studies, the individual study reviews, and the extended bibliography of 88 studies that describe energy conservation research opportunities.

  13. Water-soluble hydrophobically associating polymers for improved oil recovery: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, K.C. [Petroleum Recovery Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Nasr-El-Din, H.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01

    Water-soluble hydrophobically associating polymers are reviewed with particular emphasis on their application in improved oil recovery (IOR). These polymers are very similar to conventional water-soluble polymers used in IOR, except that they have a small number of hydrophobic groups incorporated into the polymer backbone. At levels of incorporation of less than 1 mol%, these hydrophobic groups can significantly change polymer performance. These polymers have potential for use in mobility control, drilling fluids and profile modification. This review includes synthesis, characterization, stability, rheology and flow in porous media of associating polymers in IOR are also examined. 100 refs., 2 tabs.

  14. A review of "Image Government: Monarchical Metamorphoses in English Literature and Art." by T. R. Langley 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen Gleissner

    2005-01-01

    of an invaluable survey and an ingenious methodology: art and theatre historians should now borrow from and continue the in-depth study of Ut Pictura Theatrum. T. R. Langley. Image Government: Monarchical Metamorphoses in English Literature and Art. Pittsburgh... of the period cited, notably Art and Patronage in the Caroline Courts, edited by David Howarth (1993) or any of the three books on the subject by R. Malcolm Smuts (1987, 1996, and 1999). The general, well-educated reader would be lost not only in the prose...

  15. Literature review of intrinsic actinide colloids related to spent fuel waste package release rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, P.; Steward, S.A.

    1997-01-01

    Existence of actinide colloids provides an important mechanism in the migration of radionuclides and will be important in performance of a geologic repository for high-level nuclear waste. Actinide colloids have been formed during long-term unsaturated dissolution of spent fuel by groundwater. This article summarizes a literature search of actinide colloids. This report emphasizes the formation of intrinsic actinide colloids, because they would have the opportunity to form soon after groundwater contact with the spent fuel and before actinide-bearing groundwater reaches the surrounding geologic formations.

  16. A review of "Visual Rhetoric and Early Modern English Literature" by Katherine Acheson 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Philip S.

    2014-01-01

    ”—Acheson proceeds to interpret these visual genres in relation to canonical texts by Marvell, Milton, and Behn. The main contribution of Visual Rhetoric and Early Modern English Literature lies in its illuminating corrective to the common critical neglect... to trace how the “Genealogy of Good” in Paradise Lost sits in relation to its demonic double, “[t]he perversity of the Satanic family tree” (67) represented by Sin and Death. But for Adam and Eve, genealogy is also a source of restoration—“[r...

  17. A review of "Familial Forms: Politics and Genealogy in Seventeenth-Century Literature" by Erin Murphy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Lissa Beauchamp

    2011-01-01

    of self, practices of self-writing, and the role of piety in early modern female life. e book is an excellent addition to this admirable Ashgate series. Erin Murphy. Familial Forms: Politics and Genealogy in Seventeenth- Century Literature. Newark..., is the focus of Erin Murphy?s book. She o?ers a comprehensive analysis, drawing attention to the use of the metaphor of domesticity for politi- cal houses in literary senses as well as to the practical application of genealogies that tied monarchical...

  18. Factors Affecting EV Adoption: A Literature Review and EV Forecast for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -mail: makena.coffman@hawaii.edu Submitted to: Dr. David Block Florida Solar Energy Center University of Central are also a potentially important technology to help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, local air are also reviewed, including subsidies and other incentives, supporting infrastructure build-up and raising

  19. Ammonia and ammonium hydroxide sensors for ammonia/water absorption machines: Literature review and data compilation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anheier, N.C. Jr.; McDonald, C.E.; Cuta, J.M.; Cuta, F.M.; Olsen, K.B.

    1995-05-01

    This report describes an evaluation of various sensing techniques for determining the ammonia concentration in the working fluid of ammonia/water absorption cycle systems. The purpose of this work was to determine if any existing sensor technology or instrumentation could provide an accurate, reliable, and cost-effective continuous measure of ammonia concentration in water. The resulting information will be used for design optimization and cycle control in an ammonia-absorption heat pump. PNL researchers evaluated each sensing technology against a set of general requirements characterizing the potential operating conditions within the absorption cycle. The criteria included the physical constraints for in situ operation, sensor characteristics, and sensor application. PNL performed an extensive literature search, which uncovered several promising sensing technologies that might be applicable to this problem. Sixty-two references were investigated, and 33 commercial vendors were identified as having ammonia sensors. The technologies for ammonia sensing are acoustic wave, refractive index, electrode, thermal, ion-selective field-effect transistor (ISFET), electrical conductivity, pH/colormetric, and optical absorption. Based on information acquired in the literature search, PNL recommends that follow-on activities focus on ISFET devices and a fiber optic evanescent sensor with a colormetric indicator. The ISFET and fiber optic evanescent sensor are inherently microminiature and capable of in situ measurements. Further, both techniques have been demonstrated selective to the ammonium ion (NH{sub 4}{sup +}). The primary issue remaining is how to make the sensors sufficiently corrosion-resistant to be useful in practice.

  20. Literature and data review for the surface-water pathway: Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, W.H.; Dirkes, R.L.; Napier, B.A.

    1992-04-01

    As part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed literature and data on radionuclide concentrations and distribution in the water, sediment, and biota of the Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Over 600 documents were reviewed including Hanford reports, reports by offsite agencies, journal articles, and graduate theses. Certain radionuclide concentration data were used in preliminary estimates of individual dose for the 1964--1966 time period. This report summarizes the literature and database review and the results of the preliminary dose estimates.

  1. Methods of chemical analysis for organic waste constituents in radioactive materials: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clauss, S.A.; Bean, R.M.

    1993-02-01

    Most of the waste generated during the production of defense materials at Hanford is presently stored in 177 underground tanks. Because of the many waste treatment processes used at Hanford, the operations conducted to move and consolidate the waste, and the long-term storage conditions at elevated temperatures and radiolytic conditions, little is known about most of the organic constituents in the tanks. Organics are a factor in the production of hydrogen from storage tank 101-SY and represent an unresolved safety question in the case of tanks containing high organic carbon content. In preparation for activities that will lead to the characterization of organic components in Hanford waste storage tanks, a thorough search of the literature has been conducted to identify those procedures that have been found useful for identifying and quantifying organic components in radioactive matrices. The information is to be used in the planning of method development activities needed to characterize the organics in tank wastes and will prevent duplication of effort in the development of needed methods.

  2. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekov, Alex; Sturges, Andy; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

    2009-12-09

    An increasing share of natural gas supplies distributed to residential appliances in the U.S. may come from liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports. The imported gas will be of a higher Wobbe number than domestic gas, and there is concern that it could produce more pollutant emissions at the point of use. This report will review recently undertaken studies, some of which have observed substantial effects on various appliances when operated on different mixtures of imported LNG. While we will summarize findings of major studies, we will not try to characterize broad effects of LNG, but describe how different components of the appliance itself will be affected by imported LNG. This paper considers how the operation of each major component of the gas appliances may be impacted by a switch to LNG, and how this local impact may affect overall safety, performance and pollutant emissions.

  3. The Effect of Elevated Temperature on Concrete Materials and Structures - a Literature Review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, Dan J

    2006-03-01

    The objective of this limited study was to provide an overview of the effects of elevated temperature on the behavior of concrete materials and structures. In meeting this objective the effects of elevated temperatures on the properties of ordinary Portland cement concrete constituent materials and concretes are summarized. The effects of elevated temperature on high-strength concrete materials are noted and their performance compared to normal strength concretes. A review of concrete materials for elevated-temperature service is presented. Nuclear power plant and general civil engineering design codes are described. Design considerations and analytical techniques for evaluating the response of reinforced concrete structures to elevated-temperature conditions are presented. Pertinent studies in which reinforced concrete structural elements were subjected to elevated temperatures are described.

  4. Review: Human Rights, Suffering, and Aesthetics in Political Prison Literature edited by Yenna Wu and Simona Livescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Sumayya

    2012-01-01

    In the case of political prisoners, their writing aboutAesthetics in Political Prison Literature. Edited by YennaAesthetics in Political Prison Literature is a collection of

  5. LITERATURE REVIEW ON THE SORPTION OF PLUTONIUM, URANIUM, NEPTUNIUM, AMERICIUM AND TECHNETIUM TO CORROSION PRODUCTS ON WASTE TANK LINERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, D.; Kaplan, D.

    2012-02-29

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) has conducted performance assessment (PA) calculations to determine the risk associated with closing liquid waste tanks. The PA estimates the risk associated with a number of scenarios, making various assumptions. Throughout all of these scenarios, it is assumed that the carbon-steel tank liners holding the liquid waste do not sorb the radionuclides. Tank liners have been shown to form corrosion products, such as Fe-oxyhydroxides (Wiersma and Subramanian 2002). Many corrosion products, including Fe-oxyhydroxides, at the high pH values of tank effluent, take on a very strong negative charge. Given that many radionuclides may have net positive charges, either as free ions or complexed species, it is expected that many radionuclides will sorb to corrosion products associated with tank liners. The objective of this report was to conduct a literature review to investigate whether Pu, U, Np, Am and Tc would sorb to corrosion products on tank liners after they were filled with reducing grout (cementitious material containing slag to promote reducing conditions). The approach was to evaluate radionuclides sorption literature with iron oxyhydroxide phases, such as hematite ({alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}), magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}), goethite ({alpha}-FeOOH) and ferrihydrite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} {center_dot} 0.5H{sub 2}O). The primary interest was the sorption behavior under tank closure conditions where the tanks will be filled with reducing cementitious materials. Because there were no laboratory studies conducted using site specific experimental conditions, (e.g., high pH and HLW tank aqueous and solid phase chemical conditions), it was necessary to extend the literature review to lower pH studies and noncementitious conditions. Consequently, this report relied on existing lower pH trends, existing geochemical modeling, and experimental spectroscopic evidence conducted at lower pH levels. The scope did not include evaluating the appropriateness of K{sub d} values for the Fe-oxyhydroxides, but instead to evaluate whether it is a conservative assumption to exclude this sorption process of radionuclides onto tank liner corrosion products in the PA model. This may identify another source for PA conservatism since the modeling did not consider any sorption by the tank liner.

  6. A review of "Self-fashioning and Metamorphosis in Early Modern English Literature" by Olav Lausund and Stein Haugom Olsen, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Grant Moss

    2004-01-01

    consideration, and Cooley has done sig- nificant work to that end. Olav Lausund and Stein Haugom Olsen, eds. Self-fashioning and Metamorphosis in Early Modern English Literature. Oslo: Novus Press, 2003. xx + 260 pp. ?32.80. Review by DAVID GRANT MOSS..., VIRGINIA TECH UNIVERSITY. Self-fashioning and Metamorphosis in Early Modern English Lit- erature is a collection of articles gathered from the proceedings of a conference on early modern literature at the University of Oslo. The book?s strengths...

  7. Adaptation of Cancer Supportive Care to the Correctional Setting: A LiteratureAdaptation of Cancer Supportive Care to the Correctional Setting: A Literature R i & P d M d lR i & P d M d lReview & Proposed ModelReview & Proposed Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    Adaptation of Cancer Supportive Care to the Correctional Setting: A LiteratureAdaptation of Cancer of Medicine Background · Significant rise in cancer diagnosis in inmate Abstract Purpose: Cancer Supportive of Structured Cancer Supportive Literature Review continued Interdisciplinary Care5:g g population due to 1

  8. Literature review: Phytoaccumulation of chromium, uranium, and plutonium in plant systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossner, L.R.; Loeppert, R.H.; Newton, R.J.; Szaniszlo, P.J.

    1998-05-01

    Phytoremediation is an integrated multidisciplinary approach to the cleanup of contaminated soils, which combines the disciplines of plant physiology, soil chemistry, and soil microbiology. Metal hyperaccumulator plants are attracting increasing attention because of their potential application in decontamination of metal-polluted soils. Traditional engineering technologies may be too expensive for the remediation of most sites. Removal of metals from these soils using accumulator plants is the goal of phytoremediation. The emphasis of this review has been placed on chromium (Cr), plutonium (Pu), and uranium (U). With the exception of Cr, these metals and their decay products exhibit two problems, specifically, radiation dose hazards and their chemical toxicity. The radiation hazard introduces the need for special precautions in reclamation beyond that associated with non-radioactive metals. The uptake of beneficial metals by plants occurs predominantly by way of channels, pores, and transporters in the root plasma membrane. Plants characteristically exhibit a remarkable capacity to absorb what they need and exclude what they don`t need. But most vascular plants absorb toxic and heavy metals through their roots to some extent, though to varying degrees, from negligible to substantial. Sometimes absorption occurs because of the chemical similarity between beneficial and toxic metals. Some plants utilize exclusion mechanisms, where there is a reduced uptake by the roots or a restricted transport of the metal from root to shoot. At the other extreme, hyperaccumulator plants absorb and concentrate metals in both roots and shoots. Some plant species endemic to metalliferous soils accumulate metals in percent concentrations in the leaf dry matter.

  9. Effects of Water in Synthetic Lubricant Systems and Clathrate Formation: A Literature Search and Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohatgi, Ngoc Dung T.

    2001-08-08

    An extensive literature search and a confidential survey were critically analyzed to determine the effects of water on the stability of hydrofluorocarbon/synthetic lubricant systems and to identify key areas requiring further investigation. Following are highlights from the analysis: Clathrate hydrates are solid solutions formed when water molecules are linked through hydrogen bonding creating cavities that can enclose various guest molecules from hydrate formers, such as hydrofluorocarbons R-32, R-125, R-134a, R-407C and R-410A. The four methods for preventing clathrate formation were drying the gas, heating it, reducing its pressure, or using inhibitors. The hydrolysis of polyolester lubricants was mostly acid-catalyzed and its reaction rate constant typically followed the Arrhenius equation of an activated process. Hydrolytic stability improved with hindered molecular structures, and with the presence of acid catcher additives and desiccants. Water vapor can effect the adsorption of long-chain fatty acids and the chemistry of formation of protective oxide film. However, these effects on lubrication can be either positive or negative. Fifty to sixty percent of the moisture injected into an air-conditioning system remained in the refrigerant and the rest mixed with the compressor oil. In an automotive air-conditioning system using R-134a, ice would form at 0 C evaporating temperature when the water content in the vapor refrigerant on the low-pressure side was more than 350 ppm. Moisture would cause the embrittlement of polyethylene terephthalate and the hydrolysis of polyesters, but would reduce the effect of amine additives on fluoroelastomer rubbers. The reactions of water with refrigerants and lubricants would cause formicary and large-pit corrosion in copper tubes, as well as copper plating and sludge formation. Moreover, blockage of capillary tubes increased rapidly in the presence of water. Twenty-four companies responded to the survey. From the responses, the water concentrations specified and expected for different refrigerant/lubricant systems varied depending on the products, their capacities and applications, and also on the companies. Among the problems associated with high moisture level, lubricant breakdown was of greatest concern, followed by acid formation, compressor failure and expansion valve sticking. The following research topics are suggested: 1. The air-conditioning and refrigeration industry needs to measure and record the water content and total acid number of the lubricant of newly installed systems as well as operating systems that are shutdown for service or repair. The reason for the shutdown needs to be documented. A database can then be established to correlate water content with type and cause of breakdown. 2. Detailed studies on the distribution of water in refrigeration and air-conditioning systems should be conducted to pinpoint problem areas associated with free water. 3. Research is needed to validate the current theories and mechanisms of formicary corrosion. Corrosion inhibitors need to be developed. 4. The conditions for clathrate formation and decomposition of other alternative refrigerants, such as R-23, R-41, R-116, R-125, R-143a, R-404A and R-507C, and water should be determined to avoid possible problems associated with tube plugging. The mechanism by which water facilitates or hinders lubrication needs to be studied.

  10. Improved Geothermometry Through Multivariate Reaction-path Modeling and Evaluation of Geomicrobiological Influences on Geochemical Temperature Indicators: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattson, Earl; Smith, Robert; Fujita, Yoshiko; McLing, Travis; Neupane, Ghanashyam; Palmer, Carl; Reed, David; Thompson, Vicki

    2015-03-01

    The project was aimed at demonstrating that the geothermometric predictions can be improved through the application of multi-element reaction path modeling that accounts for lithologic and tectonic settings, while also accounting for biological influences on geochemical temperature indicators. The limited utilization of chemical signatures by individual traditional geothermometer in the development of reservoir temperature estimates may have been constraining their reliability for evaluation of potential geothermal resources. This project, however, was intended to build a geothermometry tool which can integrate multi-component reaction path modeling with process-optimization capability that can be applied to dilute, low-temperature water samples to consistently predict reservoir temperature within ±30 °C. The project was also intended to evaluate the extent to which microbiological processes can modulate the geochemical signals in some thermal waters and influence the geothermometric predictions.

  11. The dynamic, resource-constrained shortest path problem on an acyclic graph with application in column generation and literature review on sequence-dependent scheduling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xiaoyan

    2007-04-25

    and a Literature Review on Sequence-Dependent Scheduling. (December 2005) Xiaoyan Zhu, B.En., Tsinghua University; M.S., MIT & Nanyang Technological University; M.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Wilbert E. Wilhelm... ..................................................................................................22 2 Illustration of notation jr f , jr , jr , jr , jr and jr .....................................................24 3 S1A...

  12. Damage identification and health monitoring of structural and mechanical systems from changes in their vibration characteristics: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doebling, S.W.; Farrar, C.R.; Prime, M.B.; Shevitz, D.W.

    1996-05-01

    This report contains a review of the technical literature concerning the detection, location, and characterization of structural damage via techniques that examine changes in measured structural vibration response. The report first categorizes the methods according to required measured data and analysis technique. The analysis categories include changes in modal frequencies, changes in measured mode shapes (and their derivatives), and changes in measured flexibility coefficients. Methods that use property (stiffness, mass, damping) matrix updating, detection of nonlinear response, and damage detection via neural networks are also summarized. The applications of the various methods to different types of engineering problems are categorized by type of structure and are summarized. The types of structures include beams, trusses, plates, shells, bridges, offshore platforms, other large civil structures, aerospace structures, and composite structures. The report describes the development of the damage-identification methods and applications and summarizes the current state-of-the-art of the technology. The critical issues for future research in the area of damage identification are also discussed.

  13. A review of "Wrestling with God: Literature & Theology in the English Renaissance. Essays to Honour Paul Grant Stanwood." by Mary Ellen Henley and W. Speed Hill, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donald R. Dickson

    2002-01-01

    . Wrestling with God: Literature & Theology in the English Renaissance. Essays to Honour Paul Grant Stanwood. Printed privately in Canada, 2001. vi + 336 pp. Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 7 (May, 2001) http://www.shu.ac.uk/emls/si-07/si-07...toc.htm. Review by DONALD R. DICKSON, TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY. Wrestling with God is a collection of essays honoring a dis- tinguished scholar of seventeenth-century devotional literature and religious history. Anyone working in this area has learned...

  14. Review of the physical oceanography of the Cape Hatteras, North Carolina Region. Volume 1. Literature synthesis. Appendix A. Annotated bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, C.E.; Berger, T.J.; Boicourt, W.C.; Churchill, J.H.; Earle, M.D.

    1993-10-01

    The report, second in a three set series, is an annotated bibliography of the pertinent literature, primarily from 1970 to the present. The literature discusses the physical oceanography of the complex region offshore of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina as it relates to the ocean circulation and fate of any discharges resulting from offshore oil and gas activity.

  15. Compilation of Diversity Factors and Schedules for Energy and Cooling Load Calculations, ASHRAE Research Project 1093, Preliminary Report, Literature Review and Database Search 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

    1999-01-01

    -05-01 COMPILATION OF DIVERSITY FACTORS AND SCHEDULES FOR ENERGY AND COOLING LOAD CALCULATIONS ASHRAE Research Project 1093 Preliminary Report LITERATURE REVIEW AND DATABASE SEARCH Bass Abushakra Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. David E. Claridge..., Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, Texas, 77843-3581 May 1999 ASHRAE RP-1093 page i May 1999, Preliminary Report Energy...

  16. A Review of the Empirical Literature on the Relationships Between Indoor Environment and Stress in Health Care and Office Settings Problems and Prospects of Sharing Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Mahbub

    2008-03-01

    in office settings Air supply, odor, and pollutants determine the air quality within a building. Numerous workplace studies have shown that air quality can cause stress among workers. In a review of current literature, Seppanen, Fisk, and Mendell (1999... the offices and after 1 hour of occupation indicated less dissatisfaction in the offices with polyolefine flooring, which also had the lowest pollution load on the air. Pejtersen et al. (1999) reported a significant decrease of adverse perceptions of air...

  17. A review of "Nature’s Cruel Stepdames: Murderous Women in the Street Literature of Seventeenth Century England." by Susan C. Staub 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    . Staub. Nature?s Cruel Stepdames: Murderous Women in the Street Literature of Seventeenth Century England. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2005. x + 356 pp. + 13 illus. $60.00. Review by SARAH SCOTT, MOUNT ST. MARY?S UNIVERSITY. In Nature?s... Cruel Stepdames, Susan C. Staub presents a careful selection and discussion of seventeenth century popular press crime pamphlets to reveal a contemporary fascination with murder by women, especially by mothers and wives. Part of the Duquesne University...

  18. Fatal Henoch-Schonlein Purpura in an adult related to bowel perforation: Report and review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miniter, Una; Bae-Harboe, Yoon-Soo Cindy; Powers, Jennifer G; Campbell, Shannon M; Goldberg, Lynne J

    2012-01-01

    adult related to bowel perforation: Report and review of thewho expired from bowel perforation. CONCLUSIONS: Severeischemia and foci of perforation of the jejunum and ileum, a

  19. Literature Review of Uncertainty of Analysis Methods (PV F-Chart Program), Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Cho, S.

    2004-01-01

    This report reviews the reported uncertainty of the PV F-Chart analysis method by reviewing the published related accuracy of PV F-Chart analysis versus measured data, PV F-Chart predictions versus other methods, and PV F-Chart predictions versus...

  20. Introduction Literature Review Supply Chain Network Model Simulation Studies Conclusions Supply Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    including: foreign exchange risk, demand risk, production disruption risk, quality risk, supplier default flexibility by using onshore quick-response production to manufacture 70% to 85% of its products. Zara is able outsourcing has been the theme of many studies in the literature. Huchzermeier and Cohen (1996), Cohen

  1. Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery Aneurysms Associated with Occlusive Lesions of the Celiac Axis: Diagnosis, Treatment Options, Outcomes, and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flood, Karen Nicholson, Anthony A.

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. To describe the presentation, treatment, and outcomes for 14 patients with aneurysms of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries associated with occlusive lesions of the celiac axis, and to review the literature for similar cases. Methods, Over a period of 12 years, 14 patients (10 women and 4 men) ranging in age from 26 to 50 (mean 46) years were demonstrated to have aneurysms of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery origin associated with stenosis or occlusion of the celiac axis. All patients were treated by a combination of surgery and interventional radiology. Results. Outcome data collected between 3 months and 4 years (mean 2 years) demonstrated that all aneurysms remained excluded, and all 14 patients were well. The 49 case reports in the literature confirm the findings of this cohort. Conclusion. In inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm resulting from celiac occlusive disease, endovascular treatment is best achieved by stenting the celiac axis and/or embolizing the aneurysm when necessary.

  2. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests; Literature Review, Preliminary Methodology Description, and Final Site Selection (Final Revision of Nov. 1997 Report) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01

    This preliminary report contains the literature review, a preliminary description of the methodologies that have been chosen for the project and final site selection recommendations for ASHRAE Research Project RP 1004 ~ "Determining Long...

  3. A review of "'The Purple Island' and Anatomy in Early Seventeenth-Century Literature, Philosophy, and Theology" by Peter Mitchell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, William E.

    2008-01-01

    notable Elizabethans. It deserves a place alongside its new historicist contenders as a rejoinder to be reckoned with. Peter Mitchell. ?The Purple Island? and Anatomy in Early Seventeenth- Century Literature, Philosophy, and Theology. Madison...?s The Purple Island, included but later struck an ex- tended allusion to it in the manuscript version of Ulysses. Overall the poem has not fared well among its modern critics. For example in his anthology of Later Renaissance Nondramatic Verse...

  4. A literature review on the chemical and physical properties of uranyl fluoride (UO sub 2 F sub 2 )

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, W.L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

    1990-08-01

    This report reviews the preparation and properties of uranyl fluoride. Data are given on the crystal structure, solubility in water, specific gravity, density, specific heat, enthalpy, entropy, acidity, corrosion properties, and refractive indices. Empirical formulas are given to calculate specific gravity, density of aqueous solutions, molal volume, and refractive indices. 13 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

  5. A review of "Herrick, Fanshawe and the Politics of Intertextuality: Classical Literature and Seventeenth-Century Royalism" by Syrithe Pugh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madson, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India. Newark:: University of Delaware Press, 2011. iv + 219 pp. $65.00. Review by #27;#25;#8;#30;#27;#11;#31;#25; #31;#25;#20;, #8;#20;#25; #29;#27;#18;#17;#30;#31;#26;#18;#19;#16;. Edward Said?s magnum...

  6. Outline Introduction Literature Review Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical review An integrated electric power supply chain and fuel market network framework Empirical case study primary energy (Energy Information Administration (2000, 2005)) Deregulation Wholesale market Bilateral

  7. ENGINEERING FEASIBILITY AND ECONOMICS OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION/USE ON AN EXISTING COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carl R. Bozzuto; Nsakala ya Nsakala

    2000-01-31

    The overall objective of this study is to evaluate the technical feasibility and the economics of alternate CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration/use technologies for retrofitting an existing pulverized coal-fired power plant. To accomplish this objective three alternative CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration systems will be evaluated to identify their impact on an existing boiler, associated boiler auxiliary components, overall plant operation and performance and power plant cost, including the cost of electricity. The three retrofit technologies that will be evaluated are as follows: (1) Coal combustion in air, followed by CO{sub 2} separation from flue gas with Kerr-McGee/ABB Lummus Global's commercial MEA-based absorption/stripping process. (2) Coal combustion in an O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} environment with CO{sub 2} recycle. (3) Coal combustion in air with oxygen removal and CO{sub 2} captured by tertiary amines In support of this objective and execution of the evaluation of the three retrofit technologies a literature survey was conducted. It is presented in an ''annotated'' form, consistent with the following five sections: (1) Coal Combustion in O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} Media; (2) Oxygen Separation Technologies; (3) Post Combustion CO{sub 2} Separation Technologies; (4) Potential Utilization of CO{sub 2}; and (5) CO{sub 2} Sequestration. The objective of the literature search was to determine if the three retrofit technologies proposed for this project continue to be sound choices. Additionally, a review of the literature would afford the opportunity to determine if other researchers have made significant progress in developing similar process technologies and, in that context, to revisit the current state-of-the-art. Results from this literature survey are summarized in the report.

  8. Review of Literature on Terminal Box Control, Occupancy Sensing Technology and Multi-zone Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guopeng; Dasu, Aravind R.; Zhang, Jian

    2012-03-01

    This report presents an overall review of the standard requirement, the terminal box control, occupancy sensing technology and DCV. There is system-specific guidance for single-zone systems, but DCV application guidance for multi-zone variable air volume (VAV) systems is not available. No real-world implementation case studies have been found using the CO2-based DCV. The review results also show that the constant minimum air flow set point causes excessive fan power consumption and potential simultaneous heating and cooling. Occupancy-based control (OBC) is needed for the terminal box in order to achieve deep energy savings. Key to OBC is a technology for sensing the actual occupancy of the zone served in real time. Several technologies show promise, but none currently fully meets the need with adequate accuracy and sufficiently low cost.

  9. Review and evaluation of literature on testing of chemical additives for scale control in geothermal fluids. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crane, C.H.; Kenkeremath, D.C.

    1981-01-01

    A selected group of reported tests of chemical additives in actual geothermal fluids are reviewed and evaluated to summarize the status of chemical scale-control testing and identify information and testing needs. The task distinguishes between scale control in the cooling system of a flash plant and elsewhere in the utilization system due to the essentially different operating environments involved. Additives for non-cooling geothermal fluids are discussed by scale type: silica, carbonate, and sulfide.

  10. Characterization of radionuclide-chelating agent complexes found in low-level radioactive decontamination waste. Literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serne, R.J.; Felmy, A.R.; Cantrell, K.J.; Krupka, K.M.; Campbell, J.A.; Bolton, H. Jr.; Fredrickson, J.K.

    1996-03-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for regulating the safe land disposal of low-level radioactive wastes that may contain organic chelating agents. Such agents include ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), picolinic acid, oxalic acid, and citric acid, and can form radionuclide-chelate complexes that may enhance the migration of radionuclides from disposal sites. Data from the available literature indicate that chelates can leach from solidified decontamination wastes in moderate concentration (1--100 ppm) and can potentially complex certain radionuclides in the leachates. In general it appears that both EDTA and DTPA have the potential to mobilize radionuclides from waste disposal sites because such chelates can leach in moderate concentration, form strong radionuclide-chelate complexes, and can be recalcitrant to biodegradation. It also appears that oxalic acid and citric acid will not greatly enhance the mobility of radionuclides from waste disposal sites because these chelates do not appear to leach in high concentration, tend to form relatively weak radionuclide-chelate complexes, and can be readily biodegraded. In the case of picolinic acid, insufficient data are available on adsorption, complexation of key radionuclides (such as the actinides), and biodegradation to make definitive predictions, although the available data indicate that picolinic acid can chelate certain radionuclides in the leachates.

  11. 46X, mar/46X, dic(Y)(qter p11::qter) - report of a case and literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siller, M.; Aizpuru, E.; Munchinick, O.

    1994-09-01

    There is a great controversy between phenotype-karyotype in individuals having a chromosomal mosaicism involving one single line 45X, or 2 or more lines with structural rearrangements of the Y chromosome. Here we report a case in a prepuberal patient with a male phenotype, bilateral cryptorchidism, obesity (I), left nipple inversion and low scholar achievement. He was the product of a second normal gestation, with weight of 3,200 kg and height 47 cm, postnatal development reported as normal. The genealogy only shows a paternal uncle with primary sterility (never studied). Clinical findings: height 1.27 cm, weight 38 kg, C.C. 56 cm., T.C. 77 cm., A.C. 72 cm., obesity (I), inverted left nipple, bilateral cryptorchidea with both testicles in inguinal channel, but small and hypotrophic. The blood hormone level determinations were normal. In lymphocyte peripheral blood culture (66 metaphases studied) with C- and G-bands, we found 46X,mar/46X,dic(Y)(qter p11::qter). The karyotype in gonadal cell biopsy showed the presence of the one mentioned above and an additional cell line of 45X (46X,mar/45X/46Xdic). It is reported in the literature some mosaics of Turner syndrome and Y isodicentrics with female phenotype. In our case, the development of the genitals is male; that suggests that the gene determinant for the testes formation was present and active in the early stages of gonadal development.

  12. Normal and refractory concretes for LMFBR applications. Volume 1. Review of literature on high-temperature behavior of portland cement and refractory concretes. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bazant, Z.P.; Chern, J.C.; Abrams, M.S.; Gillen, M.P.

    1982-06-01

    The extensive literature on the properties and behavior at elevated temperature of portland cement concrete and various refractory concretes was reviewed to collect in concise form the physical and chemical properties of castable refractory concretes and of conventional portland cement concretes at elevated temperature. This survey, together with an extensive bibliography of source documents, is presented in Volume 1. A comparison was made of these properties, the relative advantages of the various concretes was evaluated for possible liquid metal fast breeder reactor applications, and a selection was made of several materials of interest for such applications. Volume 2 concludes with a summary of additional knowledge needed to support such uses of these materials together with recommendations on research to provide that knowledge.

  13. Long-Term Outcome of a Hepatocellular Carcinoma 71/2 Years After Surgery and Repeated Radiofrequency Ablation: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thanos, L., E-mail: loutharad@yahoo.com; Mylona, S.; Nikita, A.; Ptohis, N.; Kelekis, D.A. [University of Athens, 2nd Radiology Department (Greece)

    2007-04-15

    An interesting case is presented of a 78-year-old patient with cirrhosis who was managed with combined treatment (surgery and radiofrequency (RF) ablation) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and has survived for 71/2 years. Elevation of the {alpha}-FP (alpha-fetoprotein) levels was noted 2 years after surgery. CT demonstrated two lesions: one central at the remaining right liver lobe, and the other at the excision site. Biopsy of the lesions confirmed the diagnosis of HCC for both of them. RF ablation of these two lesions was performed in one session with technical success. Four and a half years after the first RF ablation a new recurrence was demonstrated at the CT follow-up control. RF ablation was again applied successfully. The imaging findings and the therapeutic percutaneous management of this patient along with the natural course of HCC and its recurrence are discussed, and the literature concerning risk factors is reviewed.

  14. Archaeological mounds as analogs of engineered covers for waste disposal sites: Literature review and progress report. [Appendix contains bibliography and data on archaeological mounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatters, J C; Gard, H A

    1991-09-01

    Closure caps for low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities are typically designed as layered earthen structures, the composition of which is intended to prevent the infiltration of water and the intrusion of the public into waste forms. Federal regulations require that closure caps perform these functions well enough that minimum exposure guidelines will be met for at least 500 years. Short-term experimentation cannot mimic the conditions that will affect closure caps on the scale of centuries, and therefore cannot provide data on the performance of cap designs over long periods of time. Archaeological mounds hundreds to thousands of years old which are closely analogous to closure caps in form, construction details, and intent can be studied to obtain the necessary understanding of design performance. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a review and analysis of archaeological literature on ancient human-made mounds to determine the quality and potential applicability of this information base to assessments of waste facility design performance. A bibliography of over 200 English-language references was assembled on mound structures from the Americas, Europe, and Asia. A sample of these texts was read for data on variables including environmental and geographic setting, condition, design features, construction. Detailed information was obtained on all variables except those relating to physical and hydrological characteristics of the mound matrix, which few texts presented. It is concluded that an extensive amount of literature and data are available on structures closely analogous to closure caps and that this information is a valuable source of data on the long-term performance of mounded structures. Additional study is recommended, including an expanded analysis of design features reported in the literature and field studies of the physical and hydraulic characteristics of different mound designs. 23 refs., 10 figs., 12 tabs.

  15. Salvage Treatment for Recurrent Intracranial Germinoma After Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy: A Single-Institution Experience and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Yu-Wen [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Huang, Pin-I [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Wong, Tai-Tong [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Ho, Donald Ming-Tak [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Pathology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, Kai-Ping [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Guo, Wan-Yuo; Chang, Feng-Chi [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Shiau, Cheng-Yin [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Liang, Muh-Lii; Lee, Yi-Yen [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); and others

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: Intracranial germinomas (IGs) are highly curable with radiotherapy (RT). However, recurrence still occurs, especially when limited-field RT is applied, and the optimal salvage therapy remains controversial. Methods and Materials: Between January 1989 and December 2010, 14 patients with clinically or pathologically diagnosed recurrent IGs after RT were reviewed at our institution. Of these, 11 received focal-field RT, and the other 3 received whole-brain irradiation, whole-ventricle irradiation, and Gamma Knife radiosurgery as the respective first course of RT. In addition, we identified from the literature 88 patients with recurrent IGs after reduced-volume RT, in whom the details of salvage therapy were recorded. Results: The median time to recurrence was 30.3 months (range, 3.8-134.9 months). One patient did not receive further treatment and was lost during follow-up. Of the patients, 7 underwent salvage with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) plus chemotherapy (CT), 4 with CSI alone, 1 with whole-brain irradiation plus CT, and 1 with Gamma Knife radiosurgery. The median follow-up time was 105.1 months (range, 24.2-180.9 months). Three patients died without evidence of disease progression: two from second malignancies and one from unknown cause. The others remained disease free. The 3-year survival rate after recurrence was 83.3%. A total of 102 patients from our study and the literature review were analyzed to determine the factors affecting prognosis and outcomes. After recurrence, the 5-year survival rates were 71% and 92.9% for all patients and for those receiving salvage CSI, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that initial RT volume, initial RT dose, initial CT, and salvage RT type were significant prognostic predictors of survival. On multivariable analysis, salvage CSI was the most significant factor (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Protracted follow-up is recommended because late recurrence is not uncommon. CSI with or without CT is an effective salvage treatment for recurrence after reduced-volume RT.

  16. Cellulose Pyrolysis A Literature, Review.

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fed. Sci. Tech. Inform., AD 1968, AD-676351, 44 pp. 194. Kwang-Shaun Huang, Kee-Chuan Pan and Chao-Nan Perng, "Pyrolysis of Cellulose. I. Effect of Diamrnonium Phos- phate...

  17. TOPIC OF GENRES LITERATURE REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudourides, Moses A.

    ] ............2 1.1. FROM STATIC CLASSIFICATION TO DYNAMIC SITUATEDNESS.........................2 1.2. DISCOURSE GENRE AND REGISTER .................................................................5 1.3. DIGITAL ......................................................................................................37 1 #12;1. INTRODUCTION TO GENRES [by M.A. Boudourides] 1.1. From Static Classification to Dynamic

  18. Collaborative Collecting: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abreu, Amelia

    2013-01-01

    sharing. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 11(4), 215–234.conference on Ubiquitous computing (pp. 23-32). ACM.of personal, ubiquitous, and social computing, collecting

  19. Cellulose Pyrolysis A Literature, Review.

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements ofCOMPOSITION OF VAPORS FROM BOILING NITRIC

  20. Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen Energy InformationOpen EnergyRocher,

  1. A review of "Centered on the Word: Literature, Scripture, and the Tudor-Stuart Middle Way" by Daniel W. Doerksen and Christopher Hodges, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob Blevins

    2004-01-01

    -Navarro, and Frontain) make outstanding con- tributions to Donne scholarship. Daniel W. Doerksen and Christopher Hodgkins, eds. Centered on the Word: Literature, Scripture, and the Tudor-Stuart Middle Way. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2004. 367 pp. $62...

  2. A review of "Literature as Communication: The Foundations of Mediating Criticism and Mediating Criticism: Literary Education Humanized." by Roger D. Sell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rudrum

    2003-01-01

    and shortest words that will cover one?s meaning? (Shoot- ing an Elephant and Other Essays, London, 1950: 99-100). Sell has long taught in Finland, and is therefore familiar with the problems of mediating English literature to students for whom English...

  3. AER1315: Report and Oral Presentation Description Assignment: Provide a review of the recent scientific literature in a specific area related

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zingg, David W.

    AER1315: Report and Oral Presentation Description Assignment: Provide a review of the recent randomly. All students in AER 1315 are required to attend all of the presentations. #12;

  4. A review of "Schooling Sex: Libertine Literature and Erotic Education in Italy, France, and England 1534-1685" by James Grantham Turner. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Luxon

    2004-01-01

    , this wee paradox serves as a major motive in a dazzlingly elaborate survey of the early modern ?hard-core? canon, ranging from Pietro Aretino and the Florentine courtesan Tullia d?Aragona to the English libertine poet John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester... of the erotic education trope in hard-core libertarian literature. All the anxi- eties and fascinations (mostly male) surrounding the erotics (homo- normative and hetero-normative) of education, women?s education, the constructedness and maintenance...

  5. Review of Recent Literature Relevant to the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices; Task 2.1.3: Effects on Aquatic Organisms - Fiscal Year 2012 Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kropp, Roy K.

    2013-01-01

    A literature search was conducted by using the Web of Science® databases component of the ISI Web of KnowledgeSM to identify recent articles that would be useful to help assess the potential environmental effects of renewable energy development in the ocean, with emphasis on seabirds and fish. Several relatively recent general review articles that included possible effects on seabirds and fish were examined to begin the search process. From these articles, several general topics of potential environmental effects on seabirds and fish were derived. These topics were used as the primary search factors. Additional sources were identified by cross-checking the Web of Science databases for articles that cited the review articles. It also became clear that the potential effects frequently w

  6. Exploring the concept of climate surprises. A review of the literature on the concept of surprise and how it is related to climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glantz, M.H.; Moore, C.M.; Streets, D.G.; Bhatti, N.; Rosa, C.H.; Stewart, T.R.

    1998-01-01

    This report examines the concept of climate surprise and its implications for environmental policymaking. Although most integrated assessment models of climate change deal with average values of change, it is usually the extreme events or surprises that cause the most damage to human health and property. Current models do not help the policymaker decide how to deal with climate surprises. This report examines the literature of surprise in many aspects of human society: psychology, military, health care, humor, agriculture, etc. It draws together various ways to consider the concept of surprise and examines different taxonomies of surprise that have been proposed. In many ways, surprise is revealed to be a subjective concept, triggered by such factors as prior experience, belief system, and level of education. How policymakers have reacted to specific instances of climate change or climate surprise in the past is considered, particularly with regard to the choices they made between proactive and reactive measures. Finally, the report discusses techniques used in the current generation of assessment models and makes suggestions as to how climate surprises might be included in future models. The report concludes that some kinds of surprises are simply unpredictable, but there are several types that could in some way be anticipated and assessed, and their negative effects forestalled.

  7. Review of Recent Literature Relevant to the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices Task 2.1.3: Effects on Aquatic Organisms – Fiscal Year 2011 Progress Report Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kropp, Roy K.

    2011-09-30

    A literature search was conducted by using the Web of Science® Databases component of the ISI Web of KnowledgeSM to identify recent articles that would be useful to help assess the potential environmental effects of renewable energy development in the ocean, with emphasis on marine mammals, seabirds, and fish. Several relatively recent general review articles that included possible effects of marine renewable energy devices on marine mammals and seabirds were examined to begin the search process (e.g., Boehlert et al. 2008; Thompson et al. 2008; Simas et al. 2009). From these articles, several general topics of potential environmental effects on marine mammals, seabirds, and fish were derived. These topics were used as the primary search factors. Searches were conducted with reference to the potential effects of offshore wind farms and MHK devices on marine mammals, seabirds, and fish. Additional sources were identified by cross-checking the Web of Science databases for articles that cited the review articles. It also became clear that often the potential effects were offered as hypotheses that often were not supported by the presentation of appropriate documentation. Therefore, the search was refined and focused on trying to obtain the necessary information to support or challenge a proposed potential effect to a specific concern. One of the expressed concerns regarding MHK devices is that placing wave parks in coastal waters could compromise the migration patterns of whales. Disruption of the annual migration of the gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus), which swims at least 30,000 km on its round trip from breeding grounds in Baja California to feeding areas in the Bering Sea, is of particular concern. Among the hypothesized effects on the migrating gray whales are increased predation risk by constricting migration corridor to between array and shore or by forcing the whales to swim into deeper waters, increased metabolic energy costs and delays in reaching the destinations, and interrupting feeding by blocking access to benthic areas under arrays. The literature search focused on identifying published studies that could provide information to evaluate these concerns. The results were developed into a case study that evaluated the potential effects of the placement of wave parks in coastal waters along the migration route of the gray whale. Wave parks and other MHK arrays may have additional effects on gray whales and other marine mammals, including entanglement in mooring lines and interference with communications among other effects, that were not included in this case study. The case study results were rewritten into a simpler form that would be suitable for placement on a web blog

  8. Liquid Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona:Oregon: Energy ResourcesGrove, Iowa: EnergyLipscomb County,

  9. Gas Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)GalvestonWind Jump2008) |Gas

  10. Isotope Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanianStudy)savings time. | OpenEIOpen

  11. A literature Review on Radioactivity Transfer to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , resuspension, and translocation are the transfer processes dis- cussed. Theory and experimental data; IODINE 131; MATHEMAT- ICAL MODELS; PARTICLE RESUSPENSION; PLANTS; PRECIPITATION SCAV- ENGING 53 6.2. Retention during initial phase 53 6.3. Weathering 55 7. RESUSPENSION 60 7.1. Introduction 60

  12. Literature Review 2.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, David N.

    , of the successful airplane program. Although these phases appeared to overlap and blend together this appearance was caused more by the individual scheduling of each element of the design than by the actual blending previously developed standard components in the development of computer terminals instead of developing new

  13. Aging of polymeric composites : a literature review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treviño-Garrido, Margie N

    2013-01-01

    Due to their increased use in today's society, an extensive survey was undertaken in this report to condense what's been, thus far, discovered as to the effects of aging on polymeric composites. Special emphasis was placed ...

  14. 1. Literature Review 1.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    ) the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder, or abnormal physical state or its Products and Consumer Use/Attitudes in Canada The NHPD created regulations governing NHP usage in Canada

  15. OpenEI Community - Literature Review

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon:OGE EnergyOklahoma: EnergyOpenOpenEI APISystems(Jain

  16. LITHIUM LITERATURE REVIEW: LITHIUM'S PROPERTIES AND INTERACTIONS

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street LightingFrom theHighI _s - s i s i^ -RS

  17. Geothermal Literature Review | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003)Open

  18. Motivation Literature survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghadhban, Samir

    6/19/14 1 #12;Outline 6/19/14 2 Motivation Literature survey System Model Analysis of BLER Capacity analysis Results and Discussion Conclusion and Future Work #12;Introduction & motivation 6

  19. Proofs for Tech. Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Interpreting slavery can be a difficult and controversial task. Recent literature has shown that the majority of plantation museums and historic sites, which historically enslaved African-Americans, are currently ignoring the institution of slavery...

  20. A Digest of Nonproliferation Literature.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duggan, Ruth A.

    2006-04-01

    In preparation for the 2005 US/Russian Weapons Laboratories Directors Meeting, the six laboratories participating in the meeting endeavored to develop a strategy for nonproliferation technology research and development. A literature review was conducted to identify possible areas of technical collaboration and technology opportunities associated with improving nonproliferation associated with the civilian nuclear fuel cycle. The issue of multinationalization of the nuclear fuel cycle was also researched. This digest is the compilation of one-page summaries used by management of the three US nuclear weapons laboratories in preparation for strategy development. Where possible, the Web site address of the complete paper is referenced.3 AcknowledgementsThe author wishes to thank Jessica Ruyle, Nancy Orlando-Gay, and Barbara Dry for their research assistance and contributions.4

  1. Part 1. Chapter 1. Introduction and review of the literature Introduction and review of the literature.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Paulo

    qualitative in nature. Unfortunately, the quantitative research on consumer behaviour online is still in its of the thesis This thesis aims to put forward a complete quantitative methodology for the exploratory analysis and its full conceptualization is still emerging. This thesis only concerns the category of consumer

  2. 2013-14 LITERATURE CURRICULUM (TENTATIVE) General Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    /Deutsch/PR Spanish/Latin American/Latino Literatures (Speaking, reading, and writing proficiency in Spanish required

  3. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Literature German Literature Italian Literature Postcolonial Literature Russian Literature Spanish and Latin American Literatures (in Spanish and in translation) World Literature and Cultural Studies Jewish Studies

  4. 70. Folk literature of Kerala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex, Rayson K.

    Powerpoint presentation about the folk literature of Kerala. The collection is a result of the WOLP funding that Dr Rayson K Alex received in 2011. The project was to collect the oral literature of an indigenous community called Mudugar. Mudugar...

  5. 2012-13 LITERATURE CURRICULUM (TENTATIVE) General Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    /Selden/GL, PR LTPR 146/The Phenomenon of Tragedy/Heald/PR LTPR 152/Continental Renaissance/Heald/PR Spanish/Latin American/Latino Literatures (Speaking, reading, and writing proficiency in Spanish required) LTSP 60/Klahn/GL, MO, SP LTSP 154/Short Stories of the Spanish Golden Age/Aladro/PR, SP World Literature and Cultural

  6. A review of "Patronage and Humanist Literature in the Age of the Jagiellons: Court and Career in the Writings of Rudolf Agricola Junior, Valentin Eck, and Leonard Cox" by Jacquiline Glomski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basista, Jakub

    2010-01-01

    , Toronto: University Press, 2007. xiv + 338 pp. + 5 illus. and maps. $75.00. Review by jakub basista, jagiellonian university, krak?w. Rudolf Agricola Junior, Valentin Eck, and Leonard Cox, three young men from German territories and England, who were..., and by inference, what might have been. The images of Henry examined in this volume told a consistent story. Henry was the hope for international Calvinism (although as D.J.B. Trim argues, James was not as opposed to Calvinism as is sometimes claimed...

  7. 2011-12 LITERATURE CURRICULUM (TENTATIVE) General Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Pre and Early Modern Studies LTPR 134/The Idea of Poetry/Ursell/PO, PR Spanish/Latin American/Latino Literatures (Speaking, reading, and writing proficiency in Spanish required) LTSP 60/Introduction to Literary

  8. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Russian Literature Spanish and Latin American Literatures (in Spanish and in translation) World Literature

  9. Geothermometry (Klein, 2007) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessment InsettingGridGeothermeon(Klein,

  10. Category:Gas Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALFacebook

  11. Category:Isotope Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to: navigation,Ground Gravity Survey JumpInjectivity

  12. Category:Liquid Geothermometry | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to: navigation,Ground Gravity SurveyIsotopicLabLiquid

  13. Motivation Literature Network Performance Measure Network Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement with Vulnerability and Robustness Analysis Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance Measure Variational Inequality Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance

  14. Publications The History and Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Publications The History and Literature of America's Oysters Historically, America's use and enjoy deposited in the library of the Woods Hole Laboratory of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries (now NMFS) and forms and functions of hemocytes (Thomas Cheng), reproduc tive processes and early oyster develop ment

  15. A review of tax research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanlon, Michelle

    In this paper, we present a review of tax research. We survey four main areas of the literature: (1) the informational role of income tax expense reported for financial accounting, (2) corporate tax avoidance, (3) corporate ...

  16. Thermal Adaptation in the Built Environment: a Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Dear, Richard; Brager, G. S.

    1998-01-01

    f the Bruce, Man and his thermal environment: physiologicalrecipient of the given thermal environment, but instead isa "comfortable' thermal environment? The answer to this

  17. Indoor environmental quality surveys. A brief literature review.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peretti, Clara; Schiavon, Stefano

    2011-01-01

    Protocol for Energy-Efficient Buildings, 64 pages. Rouletof healthy and energy efficient buildings health offices and

  18. DECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM SULFATE: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    R. Ederer, J. W; Bishop, and A. K. Scott, "Study of the Characterization and Control of Air Pollutants from a Fluidized-Bed Boiler - The SO2 Acceptor Process," U.S. Environ-:...

  19. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    around the state at over 50 temperature anomalies. Examined correlations between structures and thermal anomalies. Made recommendations for future geothermal use. Much of the...

  20. Literature Review of Air Pollution Control Biofilters and Biotrickling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of growing concern about the potential toxicity and car- cinogenicity of these VOCs. This is reflected; Regulations XIV Toxic Air Contaminants) that aim at reducing toxic VOC emissions from industrial sources

  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    resource assessment. All prior known data was assembled, and work similar to todays GIS analysis was completed using the data. References Stephen Parker, L. Icerman (1988) New...

  2. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and correlations were made between the new deep borehole and the nearby 55-7 deep borehole. References J. C. Witcher (2008) Evidence for Large-Scale Laramide Tectonic...

  3. Draft Literature Review on Metagenomics Dr. Gregor Wolbring1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gieg, Lisa

    is designed togenerate data that can be used to minimize the environmental impact of oil sands production and biological processes that exist naturally in microbial communities in our oil sands and coal beds to improve's oil, gas and coal must be extracted in the most environmentally friendly way possible. This project

  4. Prepared by Donald H. Gray July 2009 LITERATURE REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    : Effects of deforestation on slopes Author: Brown, C.B. and Sheu, M.S. Series/Source: Journal Geotechnical

  5. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Emily E; Johnson, Sara W; Nguyen, Phu; Kang, Christopher; Mallon, William K

    2008-01-01

    had heart rate variability (HRV) parameters consistent withshowed improvement in the HRV parameters at three months

  6. Sustainable Urban Development: A Literature Review and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephen

    1996-01-01

    Introduction I. What is Sustainable Development in General?PAGE Definitions of Sustainable Development Perspectiveson Sustainable Development Perspectives on Sustainable Urban

  7. Window Use in Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerly, Katie; Baker, Lindsay; Brager, Gail

    2011-01-01

    Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Asilomar,Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Asilomar,Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Asilomar,

  8. Literature Review on Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, P.; Cho, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2006-01-10

    : Controlling Stratification (Bauman, 2003) According to ASHRAE Standard 55-1992 (ASHRAE 1992), the vertical air temperature differences in interior zone is limited to 5 ?F. Recent laboratory experiments show the thermal stratification performance of UFAD... increased to 6.8 ?F, exceeding the limit of 5 ?F. To improve energy performance (reduce airflow) while maintaining thermal comfort (avoiding excessive stratification), the middle profile at a flow rate of 0.6 cfm/ft 2 could be a reasonable target...

  9. Geothermal Literature Review At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two...

  10. Window Use in Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerly, Katie; Baker, Lindsay; Brager, Gail

    2011-01-01

    to designing buildings involving both “passive” and “active”enhanced passive and conventional cooling systems. Buildingthe building; findings suggest that occupants become passive

  11. Window Use in Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerly, Katie; Baker, Lindsay; Brager, Gail

    2011-01-01

    Characterizing Occupant Behavior in Buildings: Towards ato thermal comfort – Occupant behavior and energy use inbeen growing interest in occupant behavior as the new low-

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    References S. H. Ward, W. T. Parry, W. P. Nash, W. R. Sill, K. L. Cook, R. B. Smith, D. S. Chapman, F. H. Brown, J. A. Whelan, J. R. Bowman (1978) A Summary of the...

  13. Urea: a comprehensive review of the clinical literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Michael; Heinecke, Gillian; Bernardo, Sebastian; Tsui, Cindy; Levitt, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    induces differentiation in psoriasis. Acta Derm. Venereol.MM. Treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis with dithranol andof active chronic psoriasis. A single blind comparison of

  14. ORNL/TM-2003/258 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .6.1 Transportation Energy Survey Data Book 1.1...................................14 2.6.2 Consumer Views and Renewable Energy U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. #12;CONTENTS ABSTRACT-6073 Managed by UT-BATTELLE, LLC For the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Under contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725

  15. Geothermal Literature Review At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Exploration Basis This project is being conducted to develop exploration methodology for EGS development. Dixie Valley is being used as a calibration site for the EGS exploration...

  16. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Phase 1 study for EGS under a DOE grant Notes A look at EGS potential at Lightning Dock prepared by Lightning...

  17. HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -6283 managed by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12 ...............................................................................................................1 2. ALTERNATIVE MODELS OF CONSUMERS' EVALUATION OF FUEL ECONOMY ........................................................................................................................59 Appendix: REFERENCE ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT VEHICLE USE, LIFETIME AND DISCOUNTING

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    distinguish between earthquake sequences that result from relaxation of existing stress accumulation through brittle failure and those in which brittle failure is driven by...

  19. Fire Impacts on the Mojave Desert Ecosystem: Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenstermaker Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) is located within the Mojave Desert, which is the driest region in North America. Precipitation on the NNSS varies from an annual average of 130 millimeters (mm; 5.1 inches) with a minimum of 47 mm (1.9 inches) and maximum of 328 mm (12.9 inches) over the past 15 year period to an annual average of 205 mm (8.1 inches) with an annual minimum of 89 mm (3.5 inches) and maximum of 391 mm (15.4 inches) for the same time period; for a Frenchman Flat location at 970 meters (m; 3182 feet) and a Pahute Mesa location at 1986 m (6516 feet), respectively. The combination of aridity and temperature extremes has resulted in sparsely vegetated basins (desert shrub plant communities) to moderately vegetated mountains (mixed coniferous forest plant communities); both plant density and precipitation increase with increasing elevation. Whereas some plant communities have evolved under fire regimes and are dependent upon fire for seed germination, plant communities within the Mojave Desert are not dependent on a fire regime and therefore are highly impacted by fire (Brown and Minnich, 1986; Brooks, 1999). As noted by Johansen (2003) natural range fires are not prevalent in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts because there is not enough vegetation present (too many shrub interspaces) to sustain a fire. Fire research and hence publications addressing fires in the Southwestern United States (U.S.) have therefore focused on forest, shrub-steppe and grassland fires caused by both natural and anthropogenic ignition sources. In the last few decades, however, invasion of mid-elevation shrublands by non-native Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens and Bromus tectorum (Hunter, 1991) have been highly correlated with increased fire frequency (Brooks and Berry, 2006; Brooks and Matchett, 2006). Coupled with the impact of climate change, which has already been shown to be playing a role in increased forest fires (Westerling et al., 2006), it is likely that the fire frequency will further increase in the Mojave Desert (Knapp 1998; Smith et al., 1987; Smith et al., 2000).

  20. Decomposition of calcium sulfate: a review of the literature...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of regeneration of the various regeneration schemes. Authors: Swift, W M ; Panek, A F ; Smith, G W ; Vogel, G J ; Jonke, A A Publication Date: 1976-12-01 OSTI Identifier: 7224692...

  1. Literature Review of Mobility Control Methods for CO2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EOR Methods," SPE 65173, presented at the SPE European Petroleum Conference, held in Paris, France, October 24-25, 2000. Alvarado, V.; Manrique, E.: "Enhanced Oil Recovery: An...

  2. Residential Treatment: A Review of the National Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Uta M.; Petr, Chris

    2007-08-01

    such as cognitive-behavioral treatment, psychodynamic milieu-therapy, psychoeducation, family and group therapy, special education etc. It appears that similar set of services is provided to all RT residents regardless of their presenting problems. Staff... that employed “milieu-therapy” has given way to a broader range of theoretical orientations (Epstein, 2004). The American Association of Residential Treatment Centers (AACRC) compiled a national survey (2000) which indicated that of the 96 surveyed RTCs from...

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis studied departures in precipitation patterns Notes This paper primarily focused on precipitation patterns and water...

  4. Geothermal Literature Review (Goldstein, 1977) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility | OpenGoldstein, 1977)

  5. Geothermal Literature Review (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility | OpenGoldstein,

  6. Geothermal Literature Review (Mcnitt, 1978) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility | OpenGoldstein,Mcnitt,

  7. Geothermal Literature Review (Smith, 1983) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility |

  8. Geothermal Literature Review (Wisian, Et Al., 2001) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility |Information Wisian,

  9. Geothermal Literature Review At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Ingebritsen,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility |Information

  10. Geothermal Literature Review At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility |Information2010) |

  11. Geothermal Literature Review At Cascades Region (Vice, 2010) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility |Information2010)

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacility

  13. Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area (1985) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation 85) Jump

  14. Geothermal Literature Review At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Iovenitti, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation 85)

  15. Geothermal Literature Review At Geysers Geothermal Area (1984) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information Geysers

  16. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Iceland

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information Geysers(Ranalli

  17. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Italy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, New Zealand

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information(Ranalli &

  19. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Callender,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information(Ranalli1981) |

  20. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Dahal, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information(Ranalli1981)

  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Elston, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy

  2. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Farhar,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Fleischman,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006) | Open

  4. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Grant,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006) |

  5. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Lienau,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006) |1990)

  6. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Parker &

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006)

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Rafferty,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006)1997) |

  8. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Sammel,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open Energy2006)1997)

  9. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Schochet,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Smith,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Spiegel,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open1957) | Open Energy

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Stone, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Summers,

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  14. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open1957) | Open1976)

  15. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) | Open1957) |Al., 2002) |

  17. Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Sorey,

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  19. Geothermal Literature Review At Medicine Lake Geothermal Area (1984) | Open

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  20. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area

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  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Geothermal Literature Review At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area

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  3. Geothermal Literature Review At Salton Trough Geothermal Area (1984) | Open

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  4. Geothermal Literature Review At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Morgan,

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  5. Geothermal Literature Review At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region

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  6. Geothermal Literature Review At Yellowstone Region (Sears, Et Al., 2009) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002)Open Energy Information

  7. Category:Geothermal Literature Review | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to: navigation, searchGeophysical TechniquesGeothermal

  8. Effects of Feedback on Residential Electricity Consumption: A Literature Review

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site:ERDA

  9. ANRCP-1998-3 LITERATURE REVIEW: PHYTOACCUMULATION OF CHROMIUM, URANIUM,

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministrationTechnicalTechnicalScience.govWSRC-MS-g8-00318 Heat(JournalANRCP-1998-3

  10. DECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM SULFATE: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements ofCOMPOSITION OF VAPORSSeries) |Replace FossilDECOMPOSITION OF

  11. Geothermal Literature Review (Majer, 2003) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003) Jump to:

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area (1987) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003) Jump

  13. Geothermal Literature Review At Geysers Area (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003) JumpOpen

  14. Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Clemons, Et

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003)

  15. Literature Review of Mobility Control Methods for CO2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L S C O N C E P T U A L D

  16. Public Acceptability of Sustainable Transport Measures: A Review...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Public Acceptability of Sustainable Transport Measures: A Review of the Literature Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Acceptability of Sustainable...

  17. Advanced Review Drought under global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Aiguo

    Advanced Review Drought under global warming: a review Aiguo Dai This article reviews recent literature on drought of the last millennium, followed by an update on global aridity changes from 1950 of the warmest SSTs in the Atlantic and warming in the Indian Ocean are responsible for the recent Sahel droughts

  18. LITERATURE SURVEY FOR GROUNDWATER TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR NITRATE IODINE-129 AND URANIUM 200-ZP-1 OPERABLE UNIT HANFORD SITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BYRNES ME

    2008-06-05

    This literature review presents treatment options for nitrate, iodine-129, and uranium, which are present in groundwater at the 200-ZP-I Groundwater Operable Unit (OU) within the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. The objective of this review is to determine available methods to treat or sequester these contaminants in place (i.e., in situ) or to pump-and-treat the groundwater aboveground (i.e., ex situ). This review has been conducted with emphasis on commercially available or field-tested technologies, but theoretical studies have, in some cases, been considered when no published field data exist. The initial scope of this literature review included only nitrate and iodine-I 29, but it was later expanded to include uranium. The focus of the literature review was weighted toward researching methods for treatment of nitrate and iodine-129 over uranium because of the relatively greater impact of those compounds identified at the 200-ZP-I OU.

  19. Review and validation of exposure assessment methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Eduardo

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this research is twofold, to standardize and to validate exposure assessment methods. First, the attempt is made to standardize the manner in which exposure assessment methods are developed. Literature on the subject is reviewed...

  20. A Systematic Review of Murine Typhus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Timothy Andrew

    2015-08-04

    Murine typhus is a disease (brought on by infection with Rickettsia typhi) that has produced a surprising amount of morbidity when the relative dearth of literature on the subject is considered. Existing reviews of the ...

  1. English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library #12;MLA Inter- national Bibliography Literature Online, Early English Books Online Naxos Spoken Word Library19 7 14 15 Naxos Spoken Word Library Literature Online Literature Resource Center Shakespeare

  2. LITERATURE CITATIONS in PUBLICATIONS of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LITERATURE CITATIONS in PUBLICATIONS of the FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE CIRCULAR 115 FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR #12;#12;LITERATURE CITATIONS in PUBLICATIONS of the FISH . , 7 Examples of citations 8 Service publications 8 Outside publications 13 United States Government

  3. Film/Literature Independent Study English 499

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Film/Literature Independent Study English 499 Syllabus Instructor: Office: Office phone: Email address: English Dept. Phone: 360-546-9441 Overview The goal of the Film/Literature Independent Study is to help students concentrate on a particular film or literary issue or topic. This independent study

  4. Science Fiction Book Review Index, V. 13, 1982. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hal W.

    1983-01-01

    ............................................................................................................ 4 2. LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................................................... 6 2.1 Introduction... will be conducted at 37 oC and 60 oC. The effect of varying (i) number of layers, (ii) ionic strength of the adsorption solutions, (iii) temperature, and (iv) outer- most layer on dexamethasone release will be examined. 6 2. LITERATURE REVIEW...

  5. Literature search for the non-aqueous separation of zinc from fuel rod cladding. [After dissolution in liquid metal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandvig, R. L.; Dyer, S. J.; Lambert, G. A.; Baldwin, C. E.

    1980-06-21

    This report reviews the literature of processes for the nonaqueous separation of zinc from dissolved fuel assembly cladding. The processes considered were distillation, pyrochemical processing, and electrorefining. The last two techniques were only qualitatively surveyed while the first, distillation, was surveyed in detail. A survey of available literature from 1908 through 1978 on the distillation of zinc was performed. The literature search indicated that a zinc recovery rate in excess of 95% is possible; however, technical problems exist because of the high temperatures required and the corrosive nature of liquid zinc. The report includes a bibliography of the surveyed literature and a computer simulation of vapor pressures in binary systems. 129 references.

  6. Literary Reality: Rhetoricizing Literature and English Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Erin Ann

    2011-05-31

    Drawing on conceptual metaphor theory and John Bender and David E. Wellbery's description of rhetoricality, I offer a reconceptualization of literature as a conceptual metaphorization of the experience of the cognitive ...

  7. Energy conservation by hyperfiltration: food industry background literature survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-15

    The application of hyperfiltration to selected food product streams and food processing wastewaters for energy conservation was examined. This literature survey had led to the following conclusions: no research has been conducted in the food industry using membranes with hot process streams due to the temperature limitation (< 40/sup 0/C) of the typically studied cellulose acetate membranes; based on the bench-scale research reviewed, concentration of fruit and vegetable juices with membranes appears to be technically feasible; pretreatment and product recovery research was conducted with membranes on citrus peel oil, potato processing and brine wastewaters and wheys. The experiments demonstrated that these applications are feasible; many of the problems that have been identified with membranes are associated with either the suspended solids or the high osmotic pressure and viscosity of many foods; research using dynamic membranes has been conducted with various effluents, at temperatures to approx. 100/sup 0/C, at pressures to 1200 psi and with suspended solids to approx. 2%; and, the dynamic membrane is being prototype tested by NASA for high temperature processing of shower water. The literature review substantiates potential for dynamic membrane on porous stainless tubes to process a number of hot process and effluent streams in the food processing industry. Hot water for recycle and product concentrations are major areas with potential for economic application. The two plants involved in the first phase of the project should be reviewed to identify potential energy conservation applications. As many as possible of the conservation applications should be tested during the screening phase at each site. The most promising applications at each site should be evaluated more intensively to establish engineering estimates of the economics of this technology for the canned fruit and vegetable segment of the food industry.

  8. NITRATE DESTRUCTION LITERATURE SURVEY AND EVALUATION CRITERIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steimke, J.

    2011-02-01

    This report satisfies the initial phase of Task WP-2.3.4 Alternative Sodium Recovery Technology, Subtask 1; Develop Near-Tank Nitrate/Nitrite Destruction Technology. Some of the more common anions in carbon steel waste tanks at SRS and Hanford Site are nitrate which is corrosive, and nitrite and hydroxide which are corrosion inhibitors. At present it is necessary to periodically add large quantities of 50 wt% caustic to waste tanks. There are three primary reasons for this addition. First, when the contents of salt tanks are dissolved, sodium hydroxide preferentially dissolves and is removed. During the dissolution process the concentration of free hydroxide in the tank liquid can decrease from 9 M to less than 0.2 M. As a result, roughly half way through the dissolution process large quantities of sodium hydroxide must be added to the tank to comply with requirements for corrosion control. Second, hydroxide is continuously consumed by reaction with carbon dioxide which occurs naturally in purge air used to prevent buildup of hydrogen gas inside the tanks. The hydrogen is generated by radiolysis of water. Third, increasing the concentration of hydroxide increases solubility of some aluminum compounds, which is desirable in processing waste. A process that converts nitrate and nitrite to hydroxide would reduce certain costs. (1) Less caustic would be purchased. (2) Some of the aluminum solid compounds in the waste tanks would become more soluble so less mass of solids would be sent to High Level Vitrification and therefore it would be not be necessary to make as much expensive high level vitrified product. (3) Less mass of sodium would be fed to Saltstone at SRS or Low Level Vitrification at Hanford Site so it would not be necessary to make as much low level product. (4) At SRS less nitrite and nitrate would be sent to Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) so less formic acid would be consumed there and less hydrogen gas would be generated. This task involves literature survey of technologies to perform the nitrate to hydroxide conversion, selection of the most promising technologies, preparation of a flowsheet and design of a system. The most promising technologies are electrochemical reduction of nitrates and chemical reduction with hydrogen or ammonia. The primary reviewed technologies are listed and they aredescribed in more detail later in the report: (1) Electrochemical destruction; (2) Chemical reduction with agents such as ammonia, hydrazine or hydrogen; (3) Hydrothermal reduction process; and (4) Calcination. Only three of the technologies on the list have been demonstrated to generate usable amounts of caustic; electrochemical reduction and chemical reduction with ammonia, hydrazine or hydrogen and hydrothermal reduction. Chemical reduction with an organic reactant such as formic acid generates carbon dioxide which reacts with caustic and is thus counterproductive. Treatment of nitrate with aluminum or other active metals generates a solid product. High temperature calcination has the potential to generate sodium oxide which may be hydrated to sodium hydroxide, but this is unproven. The following criteria were developed to evaluate the most suitable option. The numbers in brackets after the criteria are relative weighting factors to account for importance: (1) Personnel exposure to radiation for installation, routine operation and maintenance; (2) Non-radioactive safety issues; (3) Whether the technology generates caustic and how many moles of caustic are generated per mole of nitrate plus nitrite decomposed; (4) Whether the technology can handle nitrate and nitrite at the concentrations encountered in waste; (5) Maturity of technology; (6) Estimated annual cost of operation (labor, depreciation, materials, utilities); (7) Capital cost; (8) Selectivity to nitrogen as decomposition product (other products are flammable and/or toxic); (9) Impact of introduced species; (10) Selectivity for destruction of nitrate vs. nitrite; and (11) Cost of deactivation and demolition. Each technology was given a score from one

  9. Sandia National Laboratories Releases Literature Survey of Crude...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sandia National Laboratories Releases Literature Survey of Crude Oil Properties Relevant to Handling and Fire Safety in Transport Sandia National Laboratories Releases Literature...

  10. LITERATURE SEARCH TUTORIAL Open Internet Browser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dratz, Edward A.

    ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi · To search PubMed--fill in search box enter search terms, or enter author name, or journal titles--see instructions written below search box. To obtain detailed instructions on how to enter items, click on blueLITERATURE SEARCH TUTORIAL · Open Internet Browser · Go to http

  11. Geochemistry And Geothermometry Of Spring Water From The Blackfoot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    high-angle normal faults of Tertiary to Holocene age appear to be the dominant structural control of spring activity. Surface spring-water temperatures average 14C except for a...

  12. Geothermometry At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Ward...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area. References S. H. Ward, W. T. Parry, W. P. Nash, W. R. Sill, K. L. Cook, R. B. Smith, D. S. Chapman, F. H. Brown, J. A. Whelan, J. R. Bowman (1978) A Summary of the...

  13. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Sorey...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    studies, and seem to prove useful in most cases (Flexser, 1991; Goff et al., 1991; Smith and Suemnicht, 1991). Results from these studies are also summarized in Sorey et al....

  14. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Farrar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    stages of hydrothermal activity, flow, and recharge in the Long Valley caldera groundwater system. Fluids were sampled from LVEW during flow testing in May 2000, July 2000,...

  15. Geothermal Reservoir Temperatures in Southeastern Idaho using Multicomponent Geothermometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neupane, Ghanashyam; Mattson, Earl D.; McLing, Travis L.; Palmer, Carl D.; Smith, Robert W.; Wood, Thomas R.; Podgorney, Robert K.

    2015-03-01

    Southeastern Idaho exhibits numerous warm springs, warm water from shallow wells, and hot water within oil and gas test wells that indicate a potential for geothermal development in the area. Although the area exhibits several thermal expressions, the measured geothermal gradients vary substantially (19 – 61 ºC/km) within this area, potentially suggesting a redistribution of heat in the overlying ground water from deeper geothermal reservoirs. We have estimated reservoir temperatures from measured water compositions using an inverse modeling technique (Reservoir Temperature Estimator, RTEst) that calculates the temperature at which multiple minerals are simultaneously at equilibrium while explicitly accounting for the possible loss of volatile constituents (e.g., CO2), boiling and/or water mixing. Compositions of a selected group of thermal waters representing southeastern Idaho hot/warm springs and wells were used for the development of temperature estimates. The temperature estimates in the the region varied from moderately warm (59 ºC) to over 175 ºC. Specifically, hot springs near Preston, Idaho resulted in the highest temperature estimates in the region.

  16. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (McKenzie...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    resin. The resin was treated with 100 mL of 0.5 M sodium chloride in order to remove barium sulfate, which was precipitated by standard gravimetric methods, dried, and then...

  17. Geothermometry At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessment

  18. Geothermometry At Blackfoot Reservoir Area (Hutsinpiller & Parry, 1985) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen Energy Information

  19. Geothermometry At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Casteel, Et Al., 2010) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen Energy InformationOpen

  20. Geothermometry At Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area (Laney, 2005) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen Energy

  1. Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Laney, 2005) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen EnergyEnergy

  2. Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell & De

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen EnergyEnergyRocher, 2005) |

  3. Geothermometry At Chena Geothermal Area (Kolker, 2008) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen EnergyEnergyRocher, 2005)

  4. Geothermometry At Coso Geothermal Area (1978) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpen

  5. Geothermometry At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish Lake Valley Area

  6. Geothermometry At Hot Springs Ranch Area (Szybinski, 2006) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish Lake Valley

  7. Geothermometry At Kawaihae Area (Thomas, 1986) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish Lake ValleyKawaihae

  8. Geothermometry At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Thomas, 1986) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish Lake

  9. Geothermometry At Lahaina-Kaanapali Area (Thomas, 1986) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish LakeInformation

  10. Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFish

  11. Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Thompson, 1985) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFishOpen Energy

  12. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Mariner & Willey,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFishOpen Energy1976) | Open

  13. Geothermometry At Lualualei Valley Area (Thomas, 1986) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFishOpen Energy1976) ||

  14. Geothermometry At New River Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessmentOpenFishOpen Energy1976)|

  15. Geothermometry At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Ward, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen Energy Information Shevenell & De1978) |

  16. Geothermometry At The Needles Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen Energy Information ShevenellInformationThe

  17. Geothermometry At Yellowstone Region (Fournier, 1979) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen Energy InformationOpen EnergyRocher, 2005)

  18. Isotope Geothermometry At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2006) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13RenewableIrem GeothermalIslip Terrace,Open Energy

  19. Geochemistry And Geothermometry Of Spring Water From The Blackfoot

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXAGemini SolarMichigan:Region,Reservoir Region,

  20. Geothermometry At Alum Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant < Geothermal(Redirected from PowerWaterAlum

  1. Geothermometry At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant < Geothermal(Redirected from

  2. Geothermometry At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant < Geothermal(Redirected2008) | Open

  3. Geothermometry At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to:

  4. Colorado thermal spring water geothermometry (public dataset) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation,EnergyColoradoBank

  5. Improved Geothermometry Through Multivariate Reaction Path Modeling and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingREnergy ToolsCoordination BetweenImplementation

  6. Photovoltaic Degradation Rates -- An Analytical Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2012-06-01

    As photovoltaic penetration of the power grid increases, accurate predictions of return on investment require accurate prediction of decreased power output over time. Degradation rates must be known in order to predict power delivery. This article reviews degradation rates of flat-plate terrestrial modules and systems reported in published literature from field testing throughout the last 40 years. Nearly 2000 degradation rates, measured on individual modules or entire systems, have been assembled from the literature, showing a median value of 0.5%/year. The review consists of three parts: a brief historical outline, an analytical summary of degradation rates, and a detailed bibliography partitioned by technology.

  7. Adventures on the Fictional Plane in Which the Enterprise Visits the World of Literature - A Seven-Month Calendar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feyrer, Gayle

    1976-01-01

    This literature review covers the DOE-2 simulation program, which is one of the legacy programs in the ESL’s Emissions Calculator (eCalc), a web-based emissions reductions calculator. The eCalc program is a tool for those who want to see how...

  8. Literature Survey on Privacy Preserving Mechanisms for Data Publishing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to be leveraged as fuel for innovation [24]. Studies have shown that Open Data, in general, has big economic valueLiterature Survey on Privacy Preserving Mechanisms for Data Publishing November 1, 2013 Andrei Manta #12;#12;Literature Survey on Privacy Preserving Mechanisms for Data Publishing Literature Survey

  9. Book Review Geothermal Biology and Geochemis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Book Review Geothermal Biology and Geochemis- try in Yellowstone National Park. (eds WP Inskeep of life. The legacy of chemical and biologi- cal research in geothermal regimes, while short in duration geothermal areas, including Yellowstone, are largely confined to the specialty literature of geochemical

  10. Amino acid biosignatures : implications for the detection of extinct or extant microbial communities on Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubrey, Andrew D.

    2008-01-01

    acid racemization to geochronology and geothermometry. Orig.Amino Acid Racemization to Geochronology and Geothermometry.acid racemization to geochronology and geothermometry. Orig.

  11. Amino Acid Biosignatures - Implications for the Detection of Extinct or Extant Microbial Communities on Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubrey, Andrew D

    2008-01-01

    acid racemization to geochronology and geothermometry. Orig.Amino Acid Racemization to Geochronology and Geothermometry.acid racemization to geochronology and geothermometry. Orig.

  12. Diaspora as Historical/Political Trope in Philippine Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolentino, Roland B

    2006-01-01

    of Voice: Epics in the Philippines, ed. by Nicole Revel (Political Trope in Philippine Literature by Rolando B.University of the Philippines Film Institute Roland B.

  13. Volatility literature of chlorine, iodine, cesium, strontium, technetium, and rhenium; technetium and rhenium volatility testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langowski, M.H.; Darab, J.G.; Smith, P.A.

    1996-03-01

    A literature review pertaining to the volatilization of Sr, Cs, Tc (and its surrogate Re), Cl, I and other related species during the vitrification of Hanford Low Level Waste (LLW) streams has been performed and the relevant information summarized. For many of these species, the chemistry which occurs in solution prior to the waste stream entering the melter is important in dictating their loss at higher temperatures. In addition, the interactive effects between the species being lost was found to be important. A review of the chemistries of Tc and Re was also performed. It was suggested that Re would indeed act as an excellent surrogate for Tc in non-radioactive materials testing. Experimental results on Tc and Re loss from sodium aluminoborosilicate melts of temperatures ranging from 900--1350{degrees}C performed at PNL are reported and confirm that Re behaves in a nearly identical manner to that of technetium.

  14. Book Reviews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thapa, Deepak

    2005-01-01

    in South Asia, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2005. Book Reviews A History of Nepal by John Whelpton, Cambridge University Press, 2005, xxiii, 296pp, ISBN 0 521 80026 9 and 80470 1 £40.00 (hardback) and £15.99 (paperback). Asian Edition by Foundation Books... , ISBN 0-521-671418. Reviewed by Deepak Thapa Himal Books & Social Science Baha, Nepal Despite the huge output of scholarly works on practically every aspect of Nepali society, culture, politics, economy and development in recent decades, none...

  15. Human factors engineering program review model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    The staff of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is performing nuclear power plant design certification reviews based on a design process plan that describes the human factors engineering (HFE) program elements that are necessary and sufficient to develop an acceptable detailed design specification and an acceptable implemented design. There are two principal reasons for this approach. First, the initial design certification applications submitted for staff review did not include detailed design information. Second, since human performance literature and industry experiences have shown that many significant human factors issues arise early in the design process, review of the design process activities and results is important to the evaluation of an overall design. However, current regulations and guidance documents do not address the criteria for design process review. Therefore, the HFE Program Review Model (HFE PRM) was developed as a basis for performing design certification reviews that include design process evaluations as well as review of the final design. A central tenet of the HFE PRM is that the HFE aspects of the plant should be developed, designed, and evaluated on the basis of a structured top-down system analysis using accepted HFE principles. The HFE PRM consists of ten component elements. Each element in divided into four sections: Background, Objective, Applicant Submittals, and Review Criteria. This report describes the development of the HFE PRM and gives a detailed description of each HFE review element.

  16. Analytical Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank Stodolsky

    2000-04-11

    ANL Performs Independent Review for DOE on the following topics: (1) Systematic analysis--Depends on question asked; (2) Compare technologies and pathways--Examples: (a) fuels, power plant technologies, vehicle materials; (b) Total lifecycle analysis reveals national and global impacts; and (3) Direction of R&D to most fruitful areas.

  17. Clinical and pharmacological aspects of bath salt use: A review of the literature and case reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miotto, K; Striebel, J; Cho, AK; Wang, C

    2013-01-01

    Babu, A. ; Liu, D. , Green Tea Catechins and CardiovascularJ.B. ; Cartwright, Y. , Green tea catechin consumptionof catechin enriched green tea on body composition.Obesity (

  18. Home-Based Therapy: Effectiveness and Processes--A Brief Review of the National Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Uta M.; Petr, Chris

    2006-06-01

    -633. Zarski , J.J, Sand-Pringl, C., Greenbank, M., & Cibik, P. (1991). The invisible mirror: in-home family therapy and the supervision, Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy, 17 (2), 133-143. Zarski, J.J., & Fluharty, L.B. (1992). Treating emotionally... show that for a majority of youth difficulties dropped significantly by the end of week eight reaching levels comparable to usual outpatient scores. About 20% of youth did not improve over time. Limitation: Considerable attrition (at 4 th data...

  19. Land Use-Transport Interaction Modelling: A Review of the Literature and Future Research Directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acheampong, Ransford A.; Silva, Elisabete A.

    2015-01-01

    , consisting of flipping a coin as many times as is necessary to obtain ‘heads’ for the first time. EUT states that the decision maker chooses between risky or uncertain prospects by comparing his or her expected utility values—the weighted sums obtained... for macro-level analysis using simple and tractable math- ematical models and therefore impose relatively low and moderate levels of complexity in operational modeling respectively. Figure 1: Level of aggregation and degree of complexity involved...

  20. A review of "Region, Religion and English Renaissance Literature" edited by David Coleman 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentley, Greg

    2015-01-01

    , and should have done so. This book is an anthology that wants to display the best kind of current Renaissance literary criti- cism, which views the importance of close reading while making use of historical, cultural, and bibliographic analysis...

  1. Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum on Bedside Ultrasound: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachariah, Sybil; Gharahbaghian, Laleh; Perera, Phillips; Joshi, Nikita

    2015-01-01

    Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) concept. Pediatrics. 3.9. Newman B, Callahan MJ. ALARA (as low as reasonably Volume

  2. A review of "Literature, Nationalism, and Memory in Early Modern England and Wales." by Philip Schwyzer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas P. Anderson

    2006-01-01

    that the Milton presented in Milton and the Idea of the Fall is dynamic and ?potentially dangerous,? even when ?located against a background of countless other dynamic, potentially dangerous projects? (195). In measuring Milton against his primarily sectarian...?its poetic appeal diminished by the very real sense of ?national consummation? (174) taking place under James I. The threat that Britain was ?in danger of becoming a place on the modern map? (174) caused Shakespeare to make England strange again, setting two...

  3. Revitalizing Higher Education and the Commitment to the Public Good: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letizia, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    economics and financing of education. (4 th ed). Englewoodhumanism. Journal of Critical Education Policy Studies, 12,urgency of a socialist education, Journal of Critical

  4. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    concepts (for example electric engines instead of combustionfor electric powertrain components (engine, controller/engine, transmission, aerodynamics, and accessory improvements – is the extra electric

  5. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    non-metals (e.g. , plastics, carbon fiber), their potentialreduction • Carbon fiber-intensive body frame, plastic bodyplastics, including injection-molded thermoplastics and also carbon and glass fiber.

  6. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Protection Agency, Solid Waste Management and GreenhouseCenter for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management. Report #98-

  7. An unusual presentation of subfrontal meningioma: A case report and literature review for Foster Kennedy syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotfipour, S; Lotfipour, S; Chiles, K; Kahn, JA; Bey, T; Rudkin, S

    2011-01-01

    Square letters of Foster Kennedy. Neuro- surgery 57(5):797–V (2008) Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome due to unilateralJ (1990) Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome in a patient with

  8. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    fuel cell vehicles. These research findings all point to the critical importance of mass optimization

  9. A review of "Excess and the Mean in Early Modern English Literature." by Joshua Scodel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ira Clark

    2003-01-01

    church and a space among established social identities for personal social mobility. Scodel?s Bacon ingeniously employed the mean in support of a stable commonwealth at the same time that he advocated a flexible mean and sometimes an outright rejection... on the history of ?sexuality? in the Renaissance period. Of par- ticular importance is its emphasis on ?homoerotic space,? a space created from the central classical texts that comprised a humanis- tic education. In reading classical pastoral and epic texts...

  10. A review of "Humanism, Machinery, and Renaissance Literature." by Jessica Wolfe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ira Clark

    2005-01-01

    Archimedes used to distribute weight so he could easily hoist a ship onto land. This image of an ingeniously conceived instrument that employs concealed force to effect difficult tasks with apparent ease, an art that effortlessly manipulates nature... the envisioned purposes of readers; was often set in an educative, generally Royalist, frame; and was ...

  11. A review of "The Musician in Literature in the Age of Bach" by Stephen Rose 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathey, Markus

    2012-01-01

    for adventures in ex- otic locations as well as in the less exotic Germany of the seventeenth century. ? e focus is often on the extraordinary, including the allure and sexual energy of castrato singers, but the reader also learns about the tensions between...

  12. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    in Mitigating Urban Heat Island Effects. Portland CementA.H. , Paving Materials for Heat Island Mitigation. LawrencePaving Materials for the Heat Island Mitigation. Proceedings

  13. Review of literature on the TMI accident and correlation to the LWR Safety Technology Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, W.J.

    1980-05-01

    This report is the result of approximately two man-months of effort devoted to assimilating and comprehending significant publicly available material related to Three Mile Island Unit 2 and events during and subsequent to the accident experienced on March 28, 1979. Those events were then correlated with the Preliminary LWR Safety Technology Program Plan (Preliminary Program Plan) prepared for the US Department of Energy by Sandia National Lab. This report is being submitted simultaneously with the SAI report entitled Preliminary Prioritization of Tasks in the Draft LWR Safety Technology Program Plan.

  14. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    applications. ” Volkswagen AG. Innovative Developments for24 Table 19. Summary of Volkswagen-led European Super LightTable 18) • 2005-2009: Volkswagen-led European Super Light

  15. Mathematics, Language, and Bilingual Latina/o Learners: A Review of the Empirical Research Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschkovich, Judit

    2010-01-01

    Educational Studies in Mathematics, 43, 243-269. Spanos,Some examples from Mathematics, Language 40 math andbilingual learners and mathematics. Mathematics, Language 31

  16. Endobronchial metastases of gynecologic leiomyosarcoma: A case report and review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richman, M; Richman, M; Au, J; Aoyama, C; Kamangar, N

    2007-01-01

    to endobronchial laser or brachytherapy. In contrast, grossparenchyma, rendering laser and brachytherapy ine?ective. AEndobronchial laser or brachytherapy may be appropriate for

  17. Accessibility of Neotraditional Neighborhoods: A Review of Design Concepts, Policies, and Recent Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNally, Michael G.; Ryan, Sherry

    1992-01-01

    utopian planners, as the nameimplies, were less groundedin politics and tended to express their views through design and architecture.

  18. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    Gas Quality and Liquefied Natural Gas Research Study. LosGas Quality and Liquefied Natural Gas Research Study. LosGas Quality and Liquefied Natural Gas Research Study. Los

  19. A LITERATURE REVIEW ON DURABILITY EVALUATION OF CRANKSHAFTS INCLUDING COMPARISONS OF COMPETING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatemi, Ali

    such as residual stresses on fatigue behavior and methods of their production in crankshafts. The common crankshaft to their durability performance. This is followed by a discussion of durability assessment procedures used. The operating sources include oil absence, defective lubrication on journals, high operating oil temperature

  20. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    we discuss several types of heat exchangers and the ventingThere are six main types of heat exchangers: (1) individualheat exchangers (found in appliances such as furnaces, boilers, and pool heaters) are variations of the individual section type

  1. Approach to Management of Intravascular Missile Emboli: Review of the Literature and Case Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Kevin; Gandhi, Sanjay; Qureshi, Moqueet Arshad; Wright, Andrew S.; Kantathut, Narongrit; Noeller, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    primary factors that determine the probability of missile embolization are vessel proximity, kinetic energy,

  2. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    optimization including integration, parts consolidation, advanced materialoptimization designs that incorporate component-level mass reduction, a diverse mix of materials,materials, processes, and components for mass reduction. Existing mass-optimization

  3. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    encouraging the use of oil products such as kerosene canencouraging the use of oil products such as kerosene can

  4. Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treating Anorexia Nervosa: A Review of Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakes, Brittany

    2014-01-01

    rates in patients with anorexia nervosa and other eatingfamily therapy for anorexia nervosa patients. EatingLohr, K. N. (2007). Anorexia nervosa treatment: A systematic

  5. A review of "Digressive Voices in Early Modern English Literature" by Anne Cotterill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDayter, Mark

    2007-01-01

    to digression, a mode that Cotterill identifies with feminine figures ?who through associations with death, melancholy, or sacrifice, receive and absorb the poet?s fears of weakness and marginality? (14). Cotterill?s interest in the connections between rhetoric...

  6. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    and Yang, W. -F. , Life cycle assessment on using recycledEatmon, T.D. , A life-cycle assessment of portland cementCradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production.

  7. Stuck in the Pipeline: A Critical Review of STEM Workforce Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Heather

    2010-01-01

    and science careers: Leaky pipeline or gender filter? GenderL. (2006). Expanding the pipeline: Transforming the cultureThe incredible shrinking pipeline. Inroads: SIGCE Bulletin,

  8. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    C.A. , Fuel and Energy Production Emission Factors. ETSU.ETSU Report No. R112. 1997. [135] Chen, Q.L. , Yin, Q.H. ,

  9. Insecticide Exposures on Commercial Aircraft: A Literature Review and Screening Level Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddalena, Randy I.

    2008-01-01

    air to surface, P as and resuspension from surface to air, Pis the deposition and resuspension mass transfer of chemicalair to surface, P as and resuspension from surface to air, P

  10. Insecticide Exposures on Commercial Aircraft: A Literature Review and Screening Level Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddalena, Randy I.

    2008-01-01

    Services Chemical Abstract Service Dichloromethane U.S.+00 Log Koa CAS – Chemical Abstract Service Registry number;

  11. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    magnesium” in the automotive industry. Journal for Materialapplications in automotive industry. International JournalSSAB and the automotive industry: Lightweight solutions for

  12. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    Best Incentive System? Innovation Policy and the Economy, 2,Environmental Policy and Innovation - An Internationalof Policy Frameworks and Innovation Effects. in Hemmelskamp,

  13. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    2009. American Gas Assocation. Natural Gas Glossary. http://River, NJ. White Paper on Natural Gas Interchangeability Andof Vaporized LNG and Natural Gas. Des Plaines, IL, Gas

  14. Do indoor environments in schools influence student performance? A review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendell, Mark J.; Heath, Garvin A.

    2004-01-01

    1989. Determinants of school performance in children withtreatment to school performance and student behavior. AnnSchool attendance and school performance: a population-based

  15. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    exchangers are used on gas and oil units. In the last 15floor-level lint, dust, and oil, and a flame arrestor with

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Industrial Waste Streams for Carbon Sequestration. Energy Conversion and Management.industrial by-products in road and earth construction. Waste Management.

  17. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    pavements still consume more energy, although only 0.3 toalternatives generally consume more energy, albeit only withfeedstock energy included, the asphalt designs consume two

  18. A review of "Moral Identity in Early Modern English Literature." by Paul Cefalu 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchar, Gary

    2006-01-01

    theologians were more or less incapable of developing a moral theory of practical ethics that would square with Protestant theories of salvation. Ex- amining an impressive range of Conformist and Non-Conformist theolo- gians from the late sixteenth century...

  19. Nutritional rehabilitation in anorexia nervosa: review of the literature and implications for treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzola, Enrica; Nasser, Jennifer A; Hashim, Sami A; Shih, Pei-an; Kaye, Walter H

    2013-01-01

    et al. : Nutritional rehabilitation in anorexia nervosa:N, Meyer W: Nutritional rehabilitation of anorexia nervosa.DG, JL: Nutritional rehabilitation: practical guidelines for

  20. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    early-stage product adoption. Later in the innovation?s lifeproducts such as kerosene can curb deforestation. ? Most innovation

  1. Caustic leaching of high-level radioactive tank sludge: A critical literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGinnis, C.P.; Welch, T.D.; Hunt, R.D.

    1998-08-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) must treat and safely dispose of its radioactive tank contents, which can be separated into high-level waste (HLW) and low-level waste (LLW) fractions. Since the unit costs of treatment and disposal are much higher for HLW than for LLW, technologies to reduce the amount of HLW are being developed. A key process currently being studied to reduce the volume of HLW sludges is called enhanced sludge washing (ESW). This process removes, by water washes, soluble constituents such as sodium salts, and the washed sludge is then leached with 2--3 M NaOH at 60--100 C to remove nonradioactive metals such as aluminum. The remaining solids are considered to be HLW while the solutions are LLW after radionuclides such as {sup 137}Cs have been removed. Results of bench-scale tests have shown that the ESW will probably remove the required amounts of inert constituents. While both experimental and theoretical results have shown that leaching efficiency increases as the time and temperature of the leach are increased, increases in the caustic concentration above 2--3 M will only marginally improve the leach factors. However, these tests were not designed to validate the assumption that the caustic used in the ESW process will generate only a small increase (10 Mkg) in the amount of LLW; instead the test conditions were selected to maximize leaching in a short period and used more water and caustic than is planned during full-scale operations. Even though calculations indicate that the estimate for the amount of LLW generated by the ESW process appears to be reasonable, a detailed study of the amount of LLW from the ESW process is still required. If the LLW analysis indicates that sodium management is critical, then a more comprehensive evaluation of the clean salt process or caustic recycle would be needed. Finally, experimental and theoretical studies have clearly demonstrated the need for the control of solids formation during and after leaching.

  2. Caustic leaching of high-level radioactive tank sludge: A critical literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGinnis, C.P.; Welch, T.D.; Hunt, R.D.

    1997-12-31

    The Department of Energy (DOE) must treat and safely dispose of its radioactive tank contents, which can be separated into high-level waste (HLW) and low-level waste (LLW) fractions. Since the unit costs of treatment and disposal are much higher for HLW than for LLW, technologies to reduce the amount of HLW are being developed. A key process currently being studied to reduce the volume of HLW sludges is called enhanced sludge washing (ESW). This process removes, by water washes, soluble constituents such as sodium salts, and the washed sludge is then leached with 2--3 M NaOH at 60--100 C to remove nonradioactive metals such as aluminum. The remaining solids are considered to be HLW while the solutions are LLW after radionuclides such as {sup 137}Cs have been removed. Results of bench-scale tests have shown that the ESW will probably remove the required amounts of inert constituents. While both experimental and theoretical results have shown that leaching efficiency increases as the time and temperature of the leach are increased, increases in the caustic concentration above 2--3 M will only marginally improve the leach factors. However, these tests were not designed to validate the assumption that the caustic used in the ESW process will generate only a small increase (10 Mkg) in the amount of LLW; instead, the test conditions were selected to maximize leaching in a short period and used more water and caustic than is planned during full-scale operations. Even though calculations indicate that the estimate for the amount of LLW generated by the ESW process appears to be reasonable, a detailed study of the amount of LLW from the ESW process is still required. If the LLW analysis indicates that sodium management is critical, then a more comprehensive evaluation of the clean salt process or caustic recycle would be needed. Finally, experimental and theoretical studies have clearly demonstrated the need for the control of solids formation during and after leaching.

  3. Insecticide Exposures on Commercial Aircraft: A Literature Review and Screening Level Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddalena, Randy I.

    2008-01-01

    may include spot treatment, fogging, bug bombs, crack andresidual, broadcast, of fogging in sealed aircraft. These

  4. Histiocytoid giant cellulitis-like Sweet’s syndrome: case report and review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Jessica Kim; Carlos, Casey A; Frucht, Corey S; Cohen, Philip R

    2015-01-01

    stain for CD15, CD43, CD45 (LCA), CD68, HAM56, lysozyme, andmyeloid cells CD45 (LCA) Granulocytes, macrophages,macrophages Abbreviations: LCA, leukocyte common antigen

  5. Review of Some of the Literature on the Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James; Delucchi, Mark

    1997-01-01

    production and consumption of goods and services, travel, energy use, and crime; financial statistics

  6. A Review Of Recent Literature On Housing Assistance And Self-Sufficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Larry A.

    2007-01-01

    to 2000. ” Washington, DC: HUD PD&R. Freeman, Lance. 2005. “Lead to Dependency? Evidence From HUD Administrative Data. ”1995. Promoting Housing Choice in HUD’s Rental Assistance

  7. A Review Of Recent Literature On Housing Assistance And Self-Sufficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Larry A.

    2007-01-01

    of public housing, Section 8, and HUD-project assistanceof public housing, Section 8, and HUD-project assistanceHUD; and a recently developed hedonic housing-price index based on units in the tenant-based Section 8

  8. Literature Review of Airflow Fluid Characteristics and their Impact on Human Thermal Comfort 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, R.; Zhang, Y.; Yu, N.; Di, H.

    2006-01-01

    . The fluctuant characteristics of natural wind and mechanical wind are obviously different. However, the fluctuant characteristics of mechanical wind can shift to those of natural wind in some conditions. With the development of turbulence statistical theory...

  9. A review of "Exile and Journey in Seventeenth-Century Literature" by Christopher D’Addario 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas P.

    2008-01-01

    of ideal Englishness? (42). For D?Addario, this rhetorical position aligns these writers with Marian exiles such as John Foxe or John Bale, who rewrote church history in order to ?resituate their marginal community as the English way? (34). D...

  10. A review of "Literature and Dissent in Milton’s England" by Sharon Achinstein 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. G. Stanwood

    2005-01-01

    on the page, which makes it easier to read. The index of works is also spaced more generously on the page than previous editions. One measure of the comprehensiveness of his reach and his meticulous pursuit is a comparison with the MLA Bibli- ography...

  11. The necessities for building a model to evaluate Business Intelligence projects- Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrokhi, Vahid

    2012-01-01

    In recent years Business Intelligence (BI) systems have consistently been rated as one of the highest priorities of Information Systems (IS) and business leaders. BI allows firms to apply information for supporting their processes and decisions by combining its capabilities in both of organizational and technical issues. Many of companies are being spent a significant portion of its IT budgets on business intelligence and related technology. Evaluation of BI readiness is vital because it serves two important goals. First, it shows gaps areas where company is not ready to proceed with its BI efforts. By identifying BI readiness gaps, we can avoid wasting time and resources. Second, the evaluation guides us what we need to close the gaps and implement BI with a high probability of success. This paper proposes to present an overview of BI and necessities for evaluation of readiness. Key words: Business intelligence, Evaluation, Success, Readiness

  12. Long-Term Energy Scenario Models: A Review of the Literature and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    What primary energy resources will replace conventional oil and gas? A key finding of this study is that energy demands can be satisfied by a wide range of energy resources.

  13. Hailey-Hailey disease exacerbated by multiple pregnancies: case report and review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzo, Shakuntala H; Sulit, Daryl J

    2014-01-01

    a woman with concomitant psoriasis vulgaris and disseminatedcontact dermatitis, psoriasis, tinea, hidradenitis

  14. Stuck in the Pipeline: A Critical Review of STEM Workforce Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Heather

    2010-01-01

    science. NORA, 9(3), 172-181. Kuck, V. (2001). Refuting the2005; Blum, 2006; Camp, 2002; Kuck, 2001). In this criticalBlum, 2006; Camp, 2002; Kuck, 2001; Metcalf, 2007). The

  15. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    of Interchangeability of Vaporized LNG and Natural Gas. Deswith Domestic Natural Gas. LNG and the Changing U.S. NaturalInterchangeability, and LNG Utilization in the United

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    R. and Bouchard, C. , Exergy Analysis of the Environmentaland Bourchard Exergy Analysis of the Environmental Impact oftraffic level. The exergy analysis finds that concrete has a

  17. Application and state of development for remote chemical sensors in environmental monitoring: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schabron, J.F.; Niss, N.D.; Hart, B.K.

    1991-09-01

    A study was performed on chemical sensor technology currently available and under development. The information was compiled into a format wherein information on the sensors is listed in a comparable manner. An introductory section is provided to illustrate the regulatory environment in which such sensor technology will be used. This information should allow corporations or federal agencies ready access to useful information for the potential licensing of sensor technology for commercial development or specific environmental monitoring operations. Although every attempt was made to identify as many chemical sensors as possible, we recognize that some may be missed inadvertently. The accuracy of the information provided by the various sources regarding the state of development for the various sensors was not verified. Judgments or opinions regarding the actual state of development or utility of these devices are not included in this report. However, we feel that this report accurately reflects the state of the art at the present time.

  18. Application and state of development for remote chemical sensors in environmental monitoring: A literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schabron, J.F.; Niss, N.D.; Hart, B.K.

    1991-09-01

    A study was performed on chemical sensor technology currently available and under development. The information was compiled into a format wherein information on the sensors is listed in a comparable manner. As introductory section is provided to illustrate the regulatory environment in which such sensor technology will be used. This information should allow corporations or federal agencies ready access to useful information for the potential licensing of sensor technology for commercial development or specific environmental monitoring operations. Although every attempt was made to identify as many chemical sensors as possible, we recognize that some may be missed inadvertently. The accuracy of the information provided by the various sources regarding the state of development for the various sensors was not verified. Judgments or opinions regarding the actual state of development or utility of these devices are not included in this report. However, we feel that this report accurately reflects the state of the art at the present time.

  19. Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum on Bedside Ultrasound: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachariah, Sybil; Gharahbaghian, Laleh; Perera, Phillips; Joshi, Nikita

    2015-01-01

    fevers, recent illness, cough, vomiting, leg swelling, drugas dyspnea (48-59%) and cough (25-36%), were present less

  20. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    2009. American Gas Assocation. Natural Gas Glossary. http://Electricity vs. Natural Gas. 2006. (Last accessed August 8,,River, NJ. White Paper on Natural Gas Interchangeability And

  1. Approach to Management of Intravascular Missile Emboli: Review of the Literature and Case Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Kevin; Gandhi, Sanjay; Qureshi, Moqueet Arshad; Wright, Andrew S.; Kantathut, Narongrit; Noeller, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    A, Drugas GT. Air gun pellet embolization to the rightS, Ropohl D, Bohnert M. Pellet embolization to the rightScharf DL. Delayed shotgun pellet migration to of Retained

  2. Human-System Interface Complexity and Opacity Part I: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    . Sasangohar K.M. Thornburg Massachusetts Institute of Technology* Prepared For Nuclear Regulatory Commission importance to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is the impact such modernizations or new technologies Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research Dr. Jing Xing Dr. Amy D'Agostino HAL2010-01 March 2010 *MIT

  3. Curriculum-Based Measurement as an Intervention: A Literature Review and Meta-Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cara DeMaris

    2014-04-29

    versus an outcome measure; and c) examine connections between CBM and RtI. The second article, a meta-analytic study, addresses CBM in mathematics (CBMM) as an intervention and examines specific outcomes for students in grades K-12, including those...

  4. Sociological Theroires of and Research on Sexual Problems: A Review of the Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kew, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    women is through the use of off-label prescription of men’sdoctors are giving women ‘off-label’ prescriptions. Once a

  5. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    impacted by a shift in natural gas quality. Fuel/Air Mixtureal. (2005). Gas Quality and Liquefied Natural Gas Researchal. (2005). Gas Quality and Liquefied Natural Gas Research

  6. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    offset by reduced diesel or hybrid costs). Overall vehiclefrom steel • Diesel-fueled mild hybrid (15-kW motor) with 72of advanced powertrains like hybrids and diesels (i.e. ,

  7. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    Induced innovation and energy prices. American Economicallocation. Energy subsidies deliberately distort pricereduce prices below full cost. ? It is clear that energy and

  8. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    50 mm) | stone (150 mm) | fly ash + cement (650 mm) | sand (mm) | stone (150 mm) | fly ash + cement (350 mm) | sand (200160 mm) | stone (150 mm) | fly ash (350 mm) | sand (200 mm)

  9. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    significantly with natural gas composition. Most generally,natural gas and several LNGs evaluated the impact of gas compositioncomposition (also referred to as “gas quality”) 3 , with the natural

  10. A review of "Women and Islam in Early Modern English Literature" by Bernadette Andrea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jyotsna G.

    2010-01-01

    in sustaining considerable unity among the various contributors so that the volume is coherent. But ?cultural imagination? is obviously not well or fully contained in such loose baggage as these tropologies might wish to hold or embrace. Bernadette Andrea... growing body of scholarship on Europe?s encounter with Muslim cultures in the early modern period. Andrea?s exploration of the ?significance of women?s agency in the inaugural Anglo-Ottoman encounter? from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth...

  11. Work-Family Interaction among Faculty: A Systematic Literature Review and a Phenomenological Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigi, Mina

    2015-08-13

    Employment as a university professor is unique in that the work schedules are not typically from nine-to-five and allow flexibility in time use. Professors are not obligated to stay at school while conducting research, ...

  12. A review of "The Baroque in English Neoclassical Literature." by J. Douglas Canfield 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susan B. Iwanisziw

    2004-01-01

    is that they are likely to return to familiar texts and writers with keener pleasure. Although the chapters are not uniformly fascinating, certain essays are quite wonderful. Canfield?s account of the mis- identification of the Marys in Behn?s ?Congratulatory Poem...

  13. A review of "Literature and Favoritism in Early Modern England" by Curtis Perry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dees, Jerome S.

    2007-01-01

    ? rebelliousness actually mirrors a deeper cultural ambiva- lence about the nature of personal monarchy and the nature, respectively, of tyranny and treason? (201). Regarding the two states of Francis Hubert?s verse history of The Life and Death of Edward... SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Roman Actor (1626); a substantial number of political pamphlets, such as George Eglisham?s The Forerunner of Revenge (1626) or Marchmont Needham?s The Second Part of Crafty Crumwell (1648); and verse histories, such as Francis...

  14. Pollutant Emission Factors from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traynor, G.W.

    2011-01-01

    to natural gas combustion and air pollution were reviewedreports on combustion-related air pollution were alsoCombustion Emissions? Specialty Session, 67th Annual Meeting of the Air Pollution

  15. Understanding Guidance on GIS Implementation: A Comprehensive Literature Review (95-13)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Roberto; Onsrud, Harlan

    1995-01-01

    Development and Applications of GIS for Urban and RegionalG. E. ; SCHUCH, H. C. ; "GIS Data Conversion Handbook".GIS World, Inc. , Fort Collins, Colorado, USA, 1993. [

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Environmental Impacts of Leachate from Portland Cement52   Table 16. PAH leachate test results and guidance54   Table 17. Metal leachate test results and drinking

  17. Critical Thinking and School Music Education: Literature Review, Research Findings, and Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokkidou, May

    2013-01-01

    Florina: University of Western Macedonia, Greece [in Greek].University of Western Macedonia, Greece Abstract The most

  18. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    National Standards Institute. ANSI Z223.1-2006. 3.3.4. PageNational Standards Institute. ANSI Z223.1-2006. 3.3.28.1.National Standards Institute. ANSI Z223.1-2006. 3.3.16. Page

  19. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    in energy efficiency and renewable energy R&D. Given thatenergy sources currently approximates $33 billion globally: $10 billion on deploying renewable,

  20. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Technical Supportof Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Technical Supportof Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Technical Support

  1. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    materials in roadway construction. Waste Management. Vol.From Waste Incineration - Bottom ash Construction Residues -model for road construction and use of residues from waste

  2. A review of "Godly Letters: The Literature of the American Puritans" by Michael J. Colacurcio 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheick, William J.

    2007-01-01

    As the nuclear industry grows around the globe, it brings with it a need for more safeguards and proliferation resistant technologies. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) depends on effective containment and ...

  3. Approach to Management of Intravascular Missile Emboli: Review of the Literature and Case Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Kevin; Gandhi, Sanjay; Qureshi, Moqueet Arshad; Wright, Andrew S.; Kantathut, Narongrit; Noeller, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    are vessel proximity, kinetic energy, and projectile size.The kinetic energy of the projectile must be such that it

  4. Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

    2012-01-01

    the Transfer of Climate Change Technology? Commissioned byprizes in spurring climate change technology development. AtWilson, N.E. (2005). Technology Prizes for Climate Change

  5. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    Administration (2009). Annual Energy Outlook. ReportAdministration (2009). Annual Energy Outlook. ReportReport: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case

  6. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    J. , Allocation of Energy Use in Petroleum Refineries toexample, the energy consumption of petroleum refineries mayLife-Cycle Energy Use and Emission Inventory of Petroleum

  7. Clinical and pharmacological aspects of bath salt use: A review of the literature and case reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miotto, K; Striebel, J; Cho, AK; Wang, C

    2013-01-01

    T. ; Darvesh, A.S. , Resveratrol in the chemoprevention andPolyphenolic Compounds Resveratrol MPFF, aside from itsparameters [154]. Resveratrol is a polyphenolic phytoalexin

  8. Histiocytoid giant cellulitis-like Sweet’s syndrome: case report and review of the literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Jessica Kim; Carlos, Casey A; Frucht, Corey S; Cohen, Philip R

    2015-01-01

    found to be anemic with a hemoglobin of 10.6 gm/dL (range:11.2-15.7 gm/dL) and platelets were decreased to 46 (range:

  9. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    the vehicle Heavy use of dual-phase steel structures, bakematerials include dual phase, martinsitic, and boron steels.

  10. Best Practices in Literature Review for the 10 Year Extreme Wind...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    WIND CHARACTERISTICS AT NUCLEAR FACILITY SITES Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) Workshop DOE Standard 1020 - Natural Phenomena Hazard analysis and Design Criteria for DOE Facilities...

  11. Geothermal Literature Review At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff &

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At Fish Lake Valley Area (Deymonaz, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation2008) |

  13. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2000)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation2008) ||

  14. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation2008)

  15. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Sanyal, Et Al., 2004) |

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc JumpFacilityInformation2008)Open

  16. Geothermal Literature Review At General Us Region (Williams & Reed, 2005) |

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc

  17. Geothermal Literature Review At Geysers Area (Goff & Decker, 1983) | Open

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy Information Geysers Area

  18. Geothermal Literature Review At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Benoit, Et Al.,

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  19. Geothermal Literature Review At Mt Ranier Area (Frank, 1995) | Open Energy

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  20. Geothermal Literature Review At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) |

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  1. Geothermal Literature Review At Teels Marsh Area (Shevenell, Et Al., 2008)

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  2. Geothermal Literature Review At U.S. West Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2010)

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) |Energy

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) | Open

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) |EnergyEnergy

  4. Geothermal Literature Review At U.S. West Region (Skokan, 1993) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002) |EnergyEnergyEnergy

  5. Geothermal Literature Review At White Mountains Area (Goff & Decker, 1983)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies IncEnergy2002)

  6. Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNewSt.InformationImprovements Oil and Gas JumpOpenHydrocontent

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunneryData | OpenMajer, 2003)Open Energy

  8. Mechanomyographic amplitude and frequency responses during dynamic muscle actions: a comprehensive review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Travis W.; Housh, Terry J.; Cramer, Joel T.; Weir, Joseph P.; Johnson, Glen O.; Coburn, Jared W.; Malek, Moh H.; Mielke, Michelle

    2005-12-19

    The purpose of this review is to examine the literature that has investigated mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude and frequency responses during dynamic muscle actions. To date, the majority of MMG research has focused on isometric muscle actions...

  9. Girlhood Geographies: Mapping Gendered Spaces in Victorian Literature for Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Sonya Sawyer

    2012-02-14

    in their ability to determine and engage in behavior appropriate to the spaces in which they lived. I argue that, by portraying girls' negotiation of the spaces of the home, outdoors, school, and street, Victorian children's literature sought to organize...

  10. Automatically Identifying Candidate Treatments from Existing Medical Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Wanda

    fish oil to treat Raynaud's disease (Swanson and Smalheiser 1997). Medical scientists are nowAutomatically Identifying Candidate Treatments from Existing Medical Literature Catherine Blake to transform the titles to known medical concepts, and the other applied additional semantic constraints

  11. The Geography of Narrative: Representations of Place in African Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowley, Dustin

    2013-05-31

    Questions of geography have been prominent in the criticism of both African literature in particular and postcolonialism in general, including, for instance, issues regarding the nation, globalization, and the urban. Yet ...

  12. The Media Spectacle of Terrorism and Response-Able Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockley, David

    2010-01-16

    literature enacts in contrast to 7 Mikhail Bakhtin in the Dialogic Imagination describes dialogic by explaining how the ?way in which the word conceives its object is complicated by a dialogic interaction...

  13. Toxicity evaluation and hazard review Cold Smoke

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Archuleta, M.M.; Stocum, W.E.

    1993-12-01

    Cold Smoke is a dense white smoke produced by the reaction of titanium tetrachloride and aqueous ammonia aerosols. Early studies on the toxicity of this nonpyrotechnically generated smoke indicated that the smoke itself is essentially non-toxic (i.e. exhibits to systemic toxicity or organ damage due to exposure) under normal deployment conditions. The purpose of this evaluation was to review and summarize the recent literature data available on the toxicity of Cold Smoke, its chemical constituents, and its starting materials.

  14. Peer Review | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Peer Review Peer Review More Documents & Publications Project Peer Reviews 2014 Water Power Peer Review Report Cover 2014 Wind Program Peer Review Report Cover...

  15. 2008 annual merit review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The 2008 DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review was held February 25-28, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. The review encompassed all of the work done by the Vehicle Technologies Program: a total of 280 individual activities were reviewed, by a total of just over 100 reviewers. A total of 1,908 individual review responses were received for the technical reviews, and an additional 29 individual review responses were received for the plenary session review.

  16. Spanish Major Requirements Option B: Literature and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior to Fall 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Spanish Major Requirements Option B: Literature and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior: Introduction to Hispanic Cultures 224: Introduction to Hispanic Literatures Literature (12 credits) Spanish 322: Survey of Early Hispanic Literature _____ another 300-level literature survey (324: Modern Spanish, 326

  17. Contributions Motivation Literature Models Synergy Measure Numerical Examples Conclusions Supply Chain Network Models for Humanitarian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Contributions Motivation Literature Models Synergy Measure Numerical Examples Conclusions Supply Motivation Literature Models Synergy Measure Numerical Examples Conclusions 1 Contributions 2 Motivation 3 University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Contributions Motivation Literature Models Synergy Measure Numerical

  18. Background and Motivation Literature The Model Examples Summary Sustainable Supply Chain Network Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Background and Motivation Literature The Model Examples Summary Sustainable Supply Chain Network and Motivation Literature The Model Examples Summary Acknowledgments The first author's research was supported Sustainable Supply Chain Network Design #12;Background and Motivation Literature The Model Examples Summary

  19. Chronological outlines of American literature, 1894-1914

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannady, Ada

    1915-05-15

    CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES OF AMERICAN LITERATURE 1894 - 1914 fey Ada Cannady, A. B., College of Emporia, 1914. A thesis submitted to the Department of English and the Faculty of the Graduate School In partial ful- fillnent of the requirements... for the Master's de- gree . May 15, 1915. PREFACE. In attempting to outline the work done by Amer- ican writers during the past twenty-one years, my de- sire has been to place before the students of American Literature, in as brief and concise a form...

  20. Review of studies of research opportunities in energy conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hane, G.J.; Williams, T.A.; Hauser, S.G.

    1984-04-01

    This study attempted to systematically identify, screen and review many of the 27 remaining major studies across the end-use areas. The method used to identify and review the studies, the scope of this effort, the types of studies reviewed, and the R and D opportunities identified are discussed. The actual report reviews are included. The review format and the kinds of information sought from each report are discussed. The general categories of the material are described; the types of information presented are summarized; and gaps in the literature are discussed. A discussion of R and D needs and comments of the specific needs presented and their temporal and evolutionary characteristics are included. The findings of the review are summarized and the researchers contacted for information are listed.