Sample records for literacy essential principles

  1. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #3: Biological processes depend on energy flow through the Earth system.

  2. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #2: Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow through the Earth system.

  3. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #4: Various sources of energy can be used to power human activities, and often this energy must be transferred from source to destination.

  4. Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education Energy...

  5. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3 Energy Literacy Social...

  6. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 1...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6 Energy Literacy Social...

  7. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 4...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2 Energy Literacy Social...

  8. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 7...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6 Energy Literacy Social...

  9. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject How has water...

  10. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject Where does our food...

  11. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 5...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 5 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject Should the U.S....

  12. Essential Principles of Energy Videos Student Analysis Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are a video designer. Before playing one of the Essential Principles of Energy Videos, look at the text of the "Energy Literacy Essential Principle" and its Fundamental...

  13. Energy Literacy Videos

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to help engage students in energy.

  14. Essential Principles of Energy Videos Teacher Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center for Science Education. Together with the Energy Literacy Framework, the videos provide a valuable set of resources for public understanding and for instruction....

  15. Energizing the "K-Gray" Community: Energy Literacy Essential...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    6-16. Ecodads, a non-profit education group from California focused on financial and ecological literacy, is developing an iBook about renewable energy, which incorporates...

  16. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 1 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFramework A

  17. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFramework Aof

  18. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFramework Aofof

  19. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 4 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFramework Aofofof

  20. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 5 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFramework

  1. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFrameworkof

  2. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 7 | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas(AprilEnergyFrameworkofof

  3. Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrackEllen| DepartmentTracking Database,Education |

  4. Essential Principles of Energy Videos Student Analysis Guide

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandardGeneration |10 DOEGoals During NREL TourErnestEssential

  5. Energizing the "K-Gray" Community: Energy Literacy Essential Principles and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13,Statement | Department ofEVDepartmentDepartment ofEnabling Wind

  6. oceanservice.noaa.gov limate Science Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . These changes will affect almost every aspect of human society, including economic prosperity, human with Microsoft PowerPoint® installed (Optional) One or more partners to play the game Big Idea A climate is a game based on"Climate Literacy--The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences,"which can be downloaded

  7. Mathematical, physical and numerical principles essential for models of turbulent mixing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharp, David Howland [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lim, Hyunkyung [STONY BROOK UNIV; Yu, Yan [STONY BROOK UNIV; Glimm, James G [STONY BROOK UNIV

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose mathematical, physical and numerical principles which are important for the modeling of turbulent mixing, especially the classical and well studied Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities which involve acceleration driven mixing of a fluid discontinuity layer, by a steady accerleration or an impulsive force.

  8. New Videos to Help Improve Energy Literacy Throughout the Nation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Today, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) released the first four videos in a series highlighting each of the seven essential principles presented in the DOE Energy Literacy Framework. EERE also released the Spanish-language version of the Get Current coloring book, which is part of an ongoing effort to expand educational resources for the growing Spanish-speaking population in the United States.

  9. STATISTICS ESSENTIAL SKILL OUTCOME STATEMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    to statistical literacy. The American Statistical Association endorsed the Guidelines for AssessmentSB #3205 STATISTICS ESSENTIAL SKILL OUTCOME STATEMENTS Newly-Revised Version: A liberally educated person is capable of being both a producer and a consumer of statistical information with some basic

  10. NEW MEDIA LITERACY communication for sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    1 NEW MEDIA LITERACY communication for sustainability John Blewitt, Director of Lifelong Learning - its habitats and peoples - is derived from new and traditional media, it is imperative that any notion critical freedom', then we will perceive the media, traditional and new, as essential tools and instruments

  11. 7 Energy Literacy Principles | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA Newsletters 2010 ARRA Newsletters201416-17,Proposed [6450-01-P]7

  12. Literacy Assessment Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Literacy Assessment Using Mobile Technology Sarah Muffly The Earth Institute and new mobile monitoring technologies. This could be carried out, it makes use of mobile technology to record and disseminate results

  13. Essential Principles of Energy Videos Teacher Guide

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandardGeneration |10 DOEGoals During NREL

  14. Copyright Literacy Standards for Graduate Education: What We Know and What We Need

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Gail

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    TX ETD Association Conference, Arlington, Texas, March 31, 2011 Copyright Literacy Standards f G d t Ed ti or ra ua e uca on: What We Know and What We Need Gail Clement Lib i & A i P frar an ssoc ate ro essor Digital Services... School ? University Libraries ? Institutional Repository managers ? Commercial ETD distributors ? Scholarly or commercial publisher Clearing up Copyright Confusion: C i h Liopyr g t teracy New Literacies for the 21st Century ?Essential...

  15. ORISE: Health Literacy Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOE ProjectCrisis and RiskEnvironmentLiteracy Development

  16. Webinar: Hands-on Energy Literacy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of the Will Steger Foundation's Climate and Energy Literacy Webinar Series, this webinar will include presentations by two leading energy literacy and STEM education experts, including examples of hands-on classroom activities related to renewable energy.

  17. Reading Comprehension Strategies for Adult Literacy Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hock, Mike; Mellard, Daryl

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although research on improving child literacy is converging, no such body of research exists for adult literacy. Yet the need is no less significant. This study extends the knowledge garnered with younger populations by ...

  18. Computer Literacy Skills of Net Generation Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duke, Christopher

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -comparative examination of learner computer literacy skills prior to a college level computer literacy course found that both NGLs and non-NGLs exhibited inadequate computer literacy skill. A 1-way ANOVA indicated NGLs performed significantly better than non-NGLs on a...

  19. Energy Literacy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs,Energy Literacy Energy Literacy

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 4 of 4 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 5 of 5 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 31 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 2 of 2 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 6 of 6 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 8 of 8 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 28 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 21 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 58 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 67 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential Principles of Energy to...

  17. SPONAP Grant Writing Essentials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    HUD's Southern Plains Office of Native American Programs in collaboration with the Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center invites you to attend the Grant Writing Essentials training...

  18. National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar will be a dynamic, virtual conversation for educators about ongoing efforts from across the country in utilizing the Department of Energy's Energy Literacy Framework to address one of our nation's’ biggest national challenges, energy illiteracy.

  19. Energy Literacy: NARA and Imagine Tomorrow

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding III: Engaging Key Audiences in Bioenergy Energy Literacy: NARA and Imagine Tomorrow Liv Haselbach, Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University

  20. Financial Literacy Effectiveness in Central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Lauren Pheriche

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    literacy games (Visa 2013), and in-classroom settings for adults (Bauer et al. 2011) to name a few. Different audiences may have different financial goals, and their education should reflect that. Financial literacy should provide the right tools..., Shapiro, & Zia 2011). The knowledge component across different financial education courses is similar (Bauer et al. 2011; Braunstein & Welch 2002; Money Smart 2013; United States Department of the Treasury 2003). Savings, debt, and investing are shared...

  1. A New Curriculum for Information Literacy (ANCIL)- Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coonan, Emma; Secker, Jane

    , new literacies, media literacy and digital literacy. At the heart of many of these other literacies is a desire to develop critical thinking, evaluation and high level cognitive skills in students. This is the essence of what information literacy seeks...  revolutionary curriculum for information literacy that can be used with undergraduate students entering UK higher education  • To provide practical guidance about how best to equip students with the knowledge, skills and behaviour around information use to support their learning in the digital...

  2. Library Information Literacy Section literacy@lib.kobe-u.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    1. Process Library Information Literacy Section literacy@lib.kobe-u.ac.jp 2014 for university staff/students To find books on a particular subject (search by Keyword, Classification, or Subject library (P. 4) Available in Kobe University libraries Search the Kobe University online catalog OPAC Kobe

  3. Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proulx, Viera K.

    Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach? Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science science', or just `computer literacy'. In this paper we argue that both computer science and a literate of effective computer literacy skills into traditional, programming based, computer science course

  4. Even Start family literacy program participants' perceptions of parenting education, an integral component in family literacy programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chia-Yin

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    successful (Downey, 2002; Farrer, 2000; Hayes, 1996; Heath, 1983; National Center for Family Literacy, 1994a, 1994b; Puchner, 1995). Family literacy programs are those that recognize the influences of the family on the literacy development of family... interactions (Farrer, 2000; Karther, 1995; NCFL, 1994c; Paratore, 1993). 5 Heath (1983) found that in the homes of ?mainstream? families, parents supported their children?s literacy development by asking questions, engaging them in conversations about...

  5. Fourier Duality as a Quantization Principle \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fourier Duality as a Quantization Principle \\Lambda R. Aldrovandi y and L.A. Saeger z Instituto de­Wigner prescription for quantization on Euclidean phase spaces makes essential use of Fourier duality. The extension background for the implementation of Fourier duality on general locally compact groups. Kac algebras

  6. Closing Digital Divides, Increasing Digital Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    people s media ecology #12;2. MOBILE SHIFT #12;#12;THE MOBILE PARADOX #12;Are all digital media Closing Digital Divides, Increasing Digital Literacy S. Craig Watkins The University of Texas at Austin #12;4Shifts #12;1. Digital divides & Participation gaps (Jenkins 2006; Watkins 2012) #12;Young

  7. Content Literacy Tied to the New Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    Content Literacy Tied to the New Standards Tom Peters, Ed.D. SC Coalition for Mathematics & Science as they relate to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and the Next Generation Science Standards*. #12 in extended discussion about those ideas. Framework for K-12 Science pg 76 #12;So What Does this mean in K-12

  8. Nonequivalence of equivalence principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence principles played a central role in the development of general relativity. Furthermore, they have provided operative procedures for testing the validity of general relativity, or constraining competing theories of gravitation. This has led to a flourishing of different, and inequivalent, formulations of these principles, with the undesired consequence that often the same name, "equivalence principle", is associated with statements having a quite different physical meaning. In this paper we provide a precise formulation of the several incarnations of the equivalence principle, clarifying their uses and reciprocal relations. We also discuss their possible role as selecting principles in the design and classification of viable theories of gravitation.

  9. Reading profiles for adults with low-literacy: Cluster analysis with power and speeded measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellard, Daryl; Fall, Emily C.; Mark, Caroline Ann

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States’ National Institute for Literacy’s (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction ...

  10. adult literacy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Globally, India and the east to be completed in real time' so that results can affect policy and spending Assessment Case studies: India, East Africa Literacy assessment...

  11. Basic principle of superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic principle of superconductivity is suggested in this paper. There have been two vital wrong suggestions on the basic principle, one is the relation between superconductivity and the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), and another is the relation between superconductivity and pseudogap.

  12. The Impact of Collaborative Literacy Coaching on Middle and High School Teachers' Personal and General Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, Kathleen Schmiedeler

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    for literacy teaching. A variety of data, including but not limited to transcripts of weekly collaborative literacy coaching cadres, individual participant interviews, Initial and Follow-up Questionnaires allowed three middle and high school teachers...

  13. Review: Teaching Adult Literacy: Principles and Practice edited by Nora Hughes and Irene Schwab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaloustian, Talar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for learners with dyslexia and adults with “global learningon supporting learners with dyslexia and global learningfor learners with dyslexia and adults with global learning

  14. Health Status and Health Literacy in Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Daphne Saxon

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This study aimed to examine the relationship between health literacy and the health status of older adults. The first section of the study consisted of a comprehensive literature review of prior research regarding cognitive, health, and behavioral...

  15. Conocimiento de Energía, Spanish Version of the Energy Literacy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1 of 5 Conocimiento de Energa, the Spanish version of the Energy Literacy Framework, is unveiled at the Latin American Youth Center (LAYC) Career Academy in Washington, D.C. on...

  16. Power in Collaboration: National Energy Literacy Virtual Meet-Up

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar will be a dynamic virtual conversation of ongoing efforts from across the country in utilizing the Department of Energy's Energy Literacy Framework to address one of our nation's...

  17. adolescent literacy myths: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: The Author(s) 2010. This article is published with open access...

  18. Health Literacy and Media Preferences with Stroke Survivors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schriner, Mylene Tracey

    2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Limited health literacy skills have been determined in the general population, yet studies on specific populations impaired by disease are lacking. These are the populations who utilize the health care system the most; ...

  19. Contrasting Adult Literacy Learners With and Without Specific Learning Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret; Mellard, Daryl

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contrasting adult literacy learners with and without specific learning disabilities This study of 311 adult education (AE) learners found 29% self-reported having a specific learning disability (SLD). Significant differences ...

  20. addressing health literacy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Index 1 INCREASING K-12 HEALTH EDUCATION TO IMPROVE HEALTH LITERACY Addressing a National Health Care Problem by Exploring a Root Cause for Health Illiteracy CiteSeer Summary:...

  1. Insights on Curriculum, Instruction, and Early Literacy Learning: Student Characteristic by Instruction Interaction Effects on Literacy Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    in focusing students' attention on learning activities within grade, from grade Insights on Curriculum, Instruction, and Early Literacy Learning: Student focused on children's learning in the classroom ­ from preschool through third

  2. Developing General Literacy Ability and Intercultural Sensitivity through English Literacy Instruction: Using Global Literature for Korean EFL Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jiyoung

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explored L2 literacy ability and intercultural sensitivity of Korean late elementary to early middle school students learning English as a foreign language. This study investigated the latent variable structure ...

  3. q-deformed fermion oscillators, zero-point energy and inclusion-exclusion principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Narayana Swamy

    1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of Fermion oscillators has two essential ingredients: zero-point energy and Pauli exclusion principle. We devlop the theory of the statistical mechanics of generalized q-deformed Fermion oscillator algebra with inclusion principle (i.e., without the exclusion principle), which corresponds to ordinary fermions with Pauli exclusion principle in the classical limit $q \\to 1$. Some of the remarkable properties of this theory play a crucial role in the understanding of the q-deformed Fermions. We show that if we insist on the weak exclusion principle, then the theory has the expected low temperature limit as well as the correct classical q-limit.

  4. Equivalence Principle and Clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Damour

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

  5. Transition Metal Dopants Essential for Producing Ferromagnetism...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metal Dopants Essential for Producing Ferromagnetism in Metal Oxide Nanoparticles. Transition Metal Dopants Essential for Producing Ferromagnetism in Metal Oxide Nanoparticles....

  6. A Qualitative Study of Intergenerational Literacy Connection (ILC) Practices Among Korean ELL Families and Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Jee Young

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    's challenges and limited resources resulted in the creation of invisible expectations of the other parties. However, by watching video clips about literacy practices and reading handouts about each person's literacy values, goals, experiences, and photo...

  7. Contribution of the Home Environment to Preschool Children's Emergent Literacy Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haynes, Rebekah

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of emergent literacy skills, which can be measured in young children before they enter formal schooling. The home environment, including the available resources, support for literacy and school, and the parent-child relationship, plays an important role...

  8. An Ecobehavioral analysis of teacher and classroom factors influencing preschoolers' literacy engagement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Younwoo

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (HF) versus those with Low Fidelity (LF) during small group and center time. EBA was also conducted to examine whether or not children would demonstrate higher levels of literacy engagement when they were in classrooms with greater amounts of literacy...

  9. Uncertainty Principle Respects Locality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongsheng Wang

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of nonlocality implicitly implies there might be some kind of spooky action at a distance in nature, however, the validity of quantum mechanics has been well tested up to now. In this work it is argued that the notion of nonlocality is physically improper, the basic principle of locality in nature is well respected by quantum mechanics, namely, the uncertainty principle. We show that the quantum bound on the Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt (CHSH) inequality can be recovered from the uncertainty relation in a multipartite setting. We further argue that the super-quantum correlation demonstrated by the nonlocal box is not physically comparable with the quantum one. The origin of the quantum structure of nature still remains to be explained, some post-quantum theory which is more complete in some sense than quantum mechanics is possible and might not necessarily be a hidden variable theory.

  10. The efficacy of systematic, explicit literacy instruction in kindergarten and first grade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Emily Ocker

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................... 64 Summary ........................................................................................... 67 V DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS ....... 69 The Effect of Systematic Explicit Literacy Instruction in Kinder...

  11. Underlying Quality Principles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. 1. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose.

  12. Inner Area Principles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermalInner Area Principles The Inner Area

  13. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for...

  14. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Filter by Resource Type...

  15. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Filter by Resource Type...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 4 filter Energy Literacy Principle 7 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 7 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Principle 7 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 7 filter Energy Literacy Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 4 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  18. Gender essentialisms and ecological feminist philosophies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Jason Leonard

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the oppression of women and environmental degradation. I will also provide a logical analysis of arguments for gender essentialisms and arguments against these theories. And, lastly, I will consider why gender essentialisms ought to matter for ecofeminist...

  19. Guiding Principles for Successfully Implementing Industrial Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Assessment Recommendations Guiding Principles for Successfully Implementing Industrial Energy Assessment Recommendations This implementation guide provides key principles and...

  20. Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Federal agencies can use social networks and...

  1. HEALTH LITERACY SOURCES A Guide for Health Professionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Duck O.

    HEALTH LITERACY SOURCES A Guide for Health Professionals Lyman Maynard Stowe Library, UCHC Compiled discussing key considerations in writing CareNotesTM for Patients pages "In a concerted effort to make the patient education documents in the CareNotesTM System as accessible to patients as possible, without

  2. Towards first-principles electrochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabo, Ismaila

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral dissertation presents a comprehensive computational approach to describe quantum mechanical systems embedded in complex ionic media, primarily focusing on the first-principles representation of catalytic ...

  3. New $30,000 Fellowship Award: The Rima E. Rudd Fellowship in Health Literacy The Herschel S. Horowitz Center for Health Literacy has established a new dissertation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    . Horowitz Center for Health Literacy has established a new dissertation fellowship award for doctoral students whose dissertation research relates to health literacy. This annual award is intended to support or comprehensive exams. be a doctoral candidate by end of Fall semester, 2012; and have a dissertation prospectus

  4. Small Representation Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. B. F. Nielsen

    2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous article Don Bennett and I looked for, found and proposed a game in which the Standard Model Gauge Group $S(U(2) \\times U(3))$ gets singled out as the "winner". This "game" means that the by Nature chosen gauge group should be just that one, which has the maximal value for a quantity, which is a modification of the ratio of the quadratic Casimir for the adjoint representation and that for a "smallest" faithful representation. In a recent article I proposed to extend this "game" to construct a corresponding game between different potential dimensions for space-time. The idea is to formulate, how the same competition as the one between the potential gauge groups would run out, if restricted to the potential Lorentz or Poincare groups achievable for different dimensions of space-time $d$. The remarkable point is, that it is the experimental space-time dimension 4, which wins. It follows that the whole Standard Model is specified by requiring SMALLEST REPRESENTATIONS! Speculatively we even argue that our principle found suggests the group of gauge transformations and some manifold(suggestive of say general relativity).

  5. PRINCIPLES OF ARCHIVES & RECORDS MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    PRINCIPLES OF ARCHIVES & RECORDS MANAGEMENT Archives and records management is based upon." The basic unit used in all discussions of records management and all records retention and disposi- tion of a record series is known as "appraisal," the second basic principle of records management. Appraisal

  6. Information Literacy Program ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Literacy Program ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training ilp@anu.edu.au Word (2013? ..................................................................................................................2 Types of Styles

  7. Information Literacy Program ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Literacy Program ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training ilp@anu.edu.au Internet......................................................................................... 6 Special Query Types

  8. Educators: Are You Ready to Teach Energy Literacy? Join our August...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    elementary school students at Churchill Road Elementary School in McLean, Virginia, learned about energy literacy by riding the Energy Department's energy bike. The bike...

  9. The Impact of Maternal Health Literacy on Structures, Interpersonal Processes and Outcomes of Ambulatory Care for Low-Income Latino Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry-Bowers, Eileen Katherine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Literacy, and the Plain Writing Act of 2010, all seek toLiteracy, and the Plain Writing Act of 2010, emphasize

  10. The Joint Essential Numerical Range of operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chi-Kwong

    The Joint Essential Numerical Range of operators: Convexity and Related Results Chi-Kwong Li Classification 47A12, 47A13, 47A55. Keywords Joint essential numerical range, self-adjoint operator, Hilbert the joint behavior of several operators A1, . . . , Am. One may see [1, 5, 12, 14, 15, 16, 19, 23, 28, 31

  11. Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The multiple motivations principle suggests that a portfolio approach—rather than a single strategy—may be required to achieve change. Research demonstrates that people and institutions adopt new...

  12. Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramkumar, Mahalingam

    Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Communication Basics Mahalingam Ramkumar Mississippi State University, MS September 8, 2014 Ramkumar CSE 4153 / 6153 #12;Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer 1 Data Communication Principles Data Rate of a Communication

  13. Equivalence Principle and Gravitational Redshift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohensee, Michael A.; Chu, Steven; Mueller, Holger [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Peters, Achim [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate leading order deviations from general relativity that violate the Einstein equivalence principle in the gravitational standard model extension. We show that redshift experiments based on matter waves and clock comparisons are equivalent to one another. Consideration of torsion balance tests, along with matter-wave, microwave, optical, and Moessbauer clock tests, yields comprehensive limits on spin-independent Einstein equivalence principle-violating standard model extension terms at the 10{sup -6} level.

  14. What Do Facts Have to Do with It? A Case Study of News Literacy at Stony Brook University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Jennifer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hobbs, R. (2010a). Digital and media Literacy: A plan of2010a) list of digital and media literacy competencesinstruction. Learning and Digital Media, 8(2), 154-164. Yin,

  15. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove...

  16. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove...

  17. Supporting Teachers Through Accessible Citizen Science Literacy Teaching Resources A Proposal Submitted to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Supporting Teachers Through Accessible Citizen Science Literacy Teaching Resources A Proposal the instruction of citizen scientific literacy skills. The citizens of our communities, state, nation and world, and the implications of increases in global temperatures. The responsibility and need for high quality citizen

  18. Principles of Science Principles of Biology Reference Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    topics such as cancer, climate change and ocean health #12;How can the Principles of Biology Reference · Weekly usage reports · Advice to students seeking science careers · English communication guide to Scientific Communication · Guide to Career Planning · Insight into current science research hot topics High

  19. A New Curriculum for Information Literacy (ANCIL) - Expert Consultation Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Secker, Jane

                                            You can teach a student a lesson for a day; but if you can teach him to learn by creating  curiosity, he will continue the learning process as long as he lives.    ~ Clay P. Bedford                                                      This work is...  often not embedded, holistic or responsive to students’ needs.  Some literature explored in the Theoretical Background argued that information literacy should not be a  marketing excise on the part of the library, and this expert made a similar point:       7 No longer should the library be trying to sell...

  20. Photo Gallery: Energy Literacy in 2013 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM5Parabolic TroughPhoto Gallery: Energy Literacy in 2013 Photo

  1. Energy Literacy Quick Start Guide | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpactOn July 2,and/or local financialDepartment2 A P REnergy Literacy

  2. Local-global principles for torsors over arithmetic curves David Harbater, Julia Hartmann, and Daniel Krashen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harbater, David

    . Afterwards, in [CPS12], it was shown that in the specific cases of quadratic forms and central simple], the group was required to be connected. Although this condition was not essential in the case F = K(x) (or local-global principles, even under a rationality assumption, as Colliot-Thélène observed (see [CPS12

  3. Critical Remarks on Landauer's principle of erasure-dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laszlo B. Kish; Claes-Goran Granqvist; Sunil P. Khatri; Janusz Smulko

    2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly address Landauer's Principle and some related issues in thermal demons. We show that an error-free Turing computer works in the zero-entropy limit, which proves Landauer's derivation incorrect. To have a physical logic gate, memory or information-engine, a few essential components necessary for the operation of these devices are often neglected, such as various aspects of control, damping and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We also point out that bit erasure is typically not needed or used for the functioning of computers or engines (except for secure erasure).

  4. Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fork, Richard

    Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895 A growing demand for Earned Value Management (EVM in the tenets of work planned, work accomplished, and actual work cost. Earned Value terminology, formulae Management Analysis and Reporting 14 hours, $895 Government agencies and companies doing business

  5. Chirac calls ITER essential for planet's future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fusion reactor. "Today, our energy consumption has put us in danger. It's mainly based on oil, gasChirac calls ITER essential for planet's future CADARACHE, France, June 30 (AFP) - French President in southern France as vital to the planet's future, praising European solidarity in sealing the deal. "This

  6. Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials for Students Dan Ryan April 1, 2013 #12;What are your goals for today? #12;Beginning steps · Resume/CV · Networking · Social networks relevant information ­ Internships ­ Research ­ Study abroad #12;What is Networking? · A two-way process

  7. Electrical power conversion is essential for improving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    % Electricity is the most flexible and efficient source of energy to power mankind. If we improveElectrical power conversion is essential for improving energy efficiency and harvesting renewable energy. Diploma Master of Science Electrical Engineering Track: Electrical Sustainable Energy Credits 120

  8. The Principles of Phototransferred Thermoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moscovitch, Marko [Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC (United States)

    2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The principles of phototransferred thermoluminescence (PTTL) are described, and some of the basic theoretical ideas underlying this technique are presented. It is demonstrated that the PTTL efficiency is dependent on the photon energy as well as on the activation energies of the various traps involved in the process. A simple two-traps-one-recombination-center model is capable of predicting a variety of different PTTL behaviors, some already were observed experimentally.

  9. Quantum mechanical time contradicts the uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitoshi Kitada

    1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The a priori time in conventional quantum mechanics is shown to contradict the uncertainty principle. A possible solution is given.

  10. assurance essential energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the sample. The arrows indicate the level of the shock Firoozabadi, Abbas 5 Essentials of Energy Key concepts for the day Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Essentials of...

  11. Combining Functional and Structural Genomics to Sample the Essential...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Functional and Structural Genomics to Sample the Essential Burkholderia Structome. Combining Functional and Structural Genomics to Sample the Essential Burkholderia Structome....

  12. A Qualitative Study of Intergenerational Literacy Connection (ILC) Practices Among Korean ELL Families and Teachers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Jee Young

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to examine the ways in which Korean families of English Language Learners (ELLs) and teachers supported literacy in young children, as well as the kinds of interactions between families and teachers that supported...

  13. Writing, Realities, and Developing Ethos: Literacy Narratives in the Composition Classroom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groesch, Julie E.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    and exterior spaces they inhabit and on considering how these spaces influence them on a personal and a social level. An ethical pedagogy can move students to form stronger relationships with language and their literacy practices....

  14. English Language Learners' Writing Behaviors During Literacy-Enriched Block Play 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Marianne

    2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    While many researchers have explored the benefits of literacy-enriched play for monolingual English-speaking children, few have investigated English language learners’ (ELL) responses to this type of play. This thesis presents three groups of case...

  15. Women’s identity-related participation and engagement in literacy courses in Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazlik, Ozlem

    2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores women’s participation and engagement in literacy courses from an identity perspective within the broader context of women’s life stories and the socio-cultural, economic and institutional ...

  16. Spoken Art Pedagogies: Youth, Critical Literacy and a Cultural Movement in the Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ruth H.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jocson, Korina (2008). Youth Poets: Empowering Literacies inanother) letter to a young poet. In Jeff Chang (Ed. ), Totalcase of a young Bay Area poet who was murdered during the

  17. Effects of a GIS Course on Three Components of Spatial Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Minsung

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This research investigated whether completing an introductory GIS course affects college students' spatial literacy as defined by spatial habits of mind, spatial concepts and thinking skills, and critical spatial thinking. This study employed three...

  18. Copyright Literacy Standards for Graduate Education: What We Know and What We Need 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Gail

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    to meet those needs. Campus information professionals with expertise in copyright management and information literacy have much to offer in the area of copyright education. But they lack widely-accepted standards that address what graduate school staff...

  19. Every Teacher a Teacher of Reading?: A Systematic Literature Review of Content-Area Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Chyllis Elayne

    2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Appropriate preparation for preservice and inservice teachers for teaching content-area literacy continues to influence twenty-first century research agendas. In this systematic review (which analyzed 2,179 articles), the researcher aimed...

  20. Health literacy in Korean immigrants at risk for type2 diabetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Sarah E.; Rush, Elizabeth; Henry, Shayna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of health literacy with diabetes outcomes. JAMA. 24-31.in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Adv Nurs. 2008;prevalence of type 2 diabetes among California Asian adults?

  1. Principle Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation,Power RentalAreas-|LogPrinciple Power Inc

  2. action principles revisited: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    principle for stochastic dynamics Qiuping A. Wang Abstract After the justification of the maximum entropy principle for equilibrium mechanical system from the principle of virtual...

  3. A review of "Dido's Daughters: Literacy, Gender, and Empire in Early Modern England and France" by Margaret W. Ferguson.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julie D. Campbell

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    196 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Margaret W. Ferguson. Dido?s Daughters: Literacy, Gender, and Empire in Early Modern England and France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xiv + 506 pp. + 8 illus. $25.00 paper. Review by JULIE D. CAMPBELL... of approaches to ?defining and valuing literacy? in late medieval and early modern France and England (6). As she inter- rogates the history of literacy studies, she stresses that the notion of ?contestable inheritance? is a metaphor central to her argument...

  4. Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials- Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages webcast.

  5. Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Hund, Gretchen

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear facilities, nuclear black markets, periodic nuclear tests, and a resurgence of interest by countries worldwide in developing nuclear capabilities. The security environment will likely continue to evolve in unexpected ways since most of the proliferation threats with which the world will be forced to contend remain unforeseen. To better prepare for and respond to this evolving security environment, many nonproliferation organizations are interested in finding new or better ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations. Of course, all organizations, whether they are market driven or non-profit, must operate effectively and efficiently if they are to succeed. Indeed, as this study demonstrates, many of the management principles that this study recommends can help all organizations succeed. However, this study pays particular attention to nonproliferation organizations because of the mission they are responsible for fulfilling. Nonproliferation organizations, including nonproliferation programs that operate within a larger national security organization, are responsible for reducing the threat of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. These organizations have an enduring mandate from the public and the international community not to fail in the completion of their mission for failure could have detrimental impacts on international security, public health and the environment. Moreover, the public expects nonproliferation organizations and programs to fulfill their mission, even when resources are limited. They are expected to anticipate and react quickly to prevent a potential threat while staying accountable to their public stakeholders, many of whom remain unaware of the very threats the organization is trying to address. When budgets are flush, it is easy to believe that money will solve all problems; but during times of economic hardship, managers must rely on creative and cost-effective management approaches to implement their missions. Fortunately, managers of nonproliferation organizations can draw on a wealth of research on organizational design and culture to help them identify the management strategies most appropriate for them. Such research can help nonproliferation managers think about their own organizational structures and cultures and adapt accepted management principles to their unique organizational mission. This analytical process is not straight forward, as some managers may find themselves taking risks that others might not take, such as making ostensibly risky investments for the common good, or supporting creative thinking to help mission accomplishment. Some management principles that are relatively straightforward for other organizations may be difficult to envision and implement in a nonproliferation organization. Therefore, the goal of this study is to help nonproliferation managers identify management principles that can be implemented in a nonproliferation organization and, in the process, help maximize the value of the organization's products and effectiveness of its mission.

  6. Bennett, Benjamin. The Dark Side of Literacy: Literature and Learning How Not to Read. New York: Fordham University Press, 2008.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quirk, William

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bennett, Benjamin. The Dark Side of Literacy: Literature andthe Germanist Benjamin Bennett, is, as its title suggests,To support his position Bennett offers two strands of

  7. The use of popular culture environmental print to increase the emergent literacy skills of prekindergarten children in one high-poverty urban school district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera, Debbie Jean

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Limited studies have focused on using popular culture environmental print in the literacy curriculum to teach early literacy skills to prekindergarten students. This study examined whether using popular culture environmental print to explicitly...

  8. The use of popular culture environmental print to increase the emergent literacy skills of prekindergarten children in one high-poverty urban school district 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera, Debbie Jean

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Limited studies have focused on using popular culture environmental print in the literacy curriculum to teach early literacy skills to prekindergarten students. This study examined whether using popular culture environmental print to explicitly...

  9. Does Standard Cosmology Express Cosmological Principle Faithfully?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding-fang Zeng; Hai-jun Zhao

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1+1 dimensional case, Einstein equation cannot give us any information on the evolution of the universe because the Einstein tensor of the system is identically zero. We study such a 1+1 dimensional cosmology and find the metric of it according to cosmological principle and special relativity, but the results contradict the usual expression of cosmological principle of standard cosmology. So we doubt in 1+3 dimensional case, cosmological principle is expressed faithfully by standard cosmology.

  10. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is followed by a general strategy for how the principle can be translated into action. Social Network and Communications: Institutions and people change because they see or hear...

  11. Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal agencies can use social networks and communications to spark and reinforce behavior change for meeting sustainability goals. This principle is based on research findings showing that people...

  12. An insect assay for essential fatty acids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerur, Dundappa Ramachandrappa

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ltc sn6 arachl@ontc acl6s 'es members sf' the essential fatty acid group. naut; defzolencp spmy&ms in the rat, associated cath e. fat &red Met, axes s) retardee@ growth, 'b) increased z YAM a%one o ' SMce She orz. g~l recognlM;on of zznolekc...'QPGP-, ' I T~ OP QQFg~V25 P8j. , X%4&4?C 4IQ? o e''e t ~ e jt 0 e s'o X o, s t tp ~ s o o o p e o * |p 0 o ~ t v o t s o ~ ~ o o o s", I" 'a "- "" K'1844X PCS, BCVlCV p e t's ?'o s e e tt p t e t p t a ~ t' o' o s o 's ~ s' 't o t' ~, ~ o'o a' A~t8ng58...

  13. Gibbs Paradox and Similarity Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    As no heat effect and mechanical work are observed, we have a simple experimental resolution of the Gibbs paradox: both the thermodynamic entropy of mixing and the Gibbs free energy change are zero during the formation of any ideal mixtures. Information loss is the driving force of these spontaneous processes. Information is defined as the amount of the compressed data. Information losses due to dynamic motion and static symmetric structure formation are defined as two kinds of entropies - dynamic entropy and static entropy, respectively. There are three laws of information theory, where the first and the second laws are analogs of the two thermodynamic laws. However, the third law of information theory is different: for a solid structure of perfect symmetry (e.g., a perfect crystal), the entropy (static entropy for solid state) S is the maximum. More generally, a similarity principle is set up: if all the other conditions remain constant, the higher the similarity among the components is, the higher the value of entropy of the mixture (for fluid phases) or the assemblage (for a static structure or a system of condensed phases) or any other structure (such as quantum states in quantum mechanics) will be, the more stable the mixture or the assemblage will be, and the more spontaneous the process leading to such a mixture or an assemblage or a chemical bond will be.

  14. University of Edinburgh Feedback Standards & Guiding Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 University of Edinburgh Feedback Standards & Guiding Principles Feedback plays a vital role out the standards required of feedback at Edinburgh, together with a framework of guiding principles within timetabled classes (tutorials, practicals, lectures) as well as more informally. And feedback

  15. NEW ENERGETIC SELECTION PRINCIPLE IN DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    NEW ENERGETIC SELECTION PRINCIPLE IN DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION Vitaliy Feoktistov Centre de Recherche and convergence. In this paper we introduce a new principle of Energetic Selection. It consists in both decreasing the population size and the computation efforts according to an energetic barrier function which depends

  16. Essential Convexity and Complexity of Semi-Algebraic Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodirsky, Manuel

    a, b, then we show that the CSP for is NP-hard. Furthermore, we characterize essentially convex, ), then the CSP for can be solved in polynomial time if and only if all relations in are essentially convexEssential Convexity and Complexity of Semi-Algebraic Constraints Manuel Bodirsky1 , Peter Jonsson2

  17. Defining work from operational principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Gallego; J. Eisert; H. Wilming

    2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years we have witnessed a concentrated effort to make sense of thermodynamics for small-scale systems. One of the main difficulties is that, at the nano-scale, thermal fluctuations of energy in general render it conceptually difficult to distinguish work from heat. Despite of several attempts to resolve this issue, many of which inspired by quantum information theory, there is still remarkable little consensus on it. In this work, we attempt to define work in a strictly operational way. In our resource-theoretic approach, agents wish to agree upon how much work needs to be invested to effect a transition from one state of an arbitrary quantum work-storage device to another. We introduce basic operational principles, and deduce from them a strict set of mathematical properties that any reasonable function quantifying such work has to fulfil. One of those generalises strong sub-additivity, a key property in quantum information theory, to the domain of thermodynamics. We show that one work quantifier fulfilling all the required properties is the difference of the non-equilibrium free energy of the initial and final state of the work-storage system. More generally, for any work quantifier fulfilling the stated properties, we can derive a quantitative second law in the sense of bounding the work that can be performed using some non-equilibrium resource by the work that is needed to create it. We furthermore discuss the role of path dependence for work quantifiers and the connection to the concept of probability-distributions of work. Our mathematical results can be formulated abstractly and carry over to other resource theories than quantum thermodynamics.

  18. The Principle of Maximum Conformality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J; /SLAC; Giustino, Di; /SLAC

    2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A key problem in making precise perturbative QCD predictions is the uncertainty in determining the renormalization scale of the running coupling {alpha}{sub s}({mu}{sup 2}). It is common practice to guess a physical scale {mu} = Q which is of order of a typical momentum transfer Q in the process, and then vary the scale over a range Q/2 and 2Q. This procedure is clearly problematic since the resulting fixed-order pQCD prediction will depend on the renormalization scheme, and it can even predict negative QCD cross sections at next-to-leading-order. Other heuristic methods to set the renormalization scale, such as the 'principle of minimal sensitivity', give unphysical results for jet physics, sum physics into the running coupling not associated with renormalization, and violate the transitivity property of the renormalization group. Such scale-setting methods also give incorrect results when applied to Abelian QED. Note that the factorization scale in QCD is introduced to match nonperturbative and perturbative aspects of the parton distributions in hadrons; it is present even in conformal theory and thus is a completely separate issue from renormalization scale setting. The PMC provides a consistent method for determining the renormalization scale in pQCD. The PMC scale-fixed prediction is independent of the choice of renormalization scheme, a key requirement of renormalization group invariance. The results avoid renormalon resummation and agree with QED scale-setting in the Abelian limit. The PMC global scale can be derived efficiently at NLO from basic properties of the PQCD cross section. The elimination of the renormalization scheme ambiguity using the PMC will not only increases the precision of QCD tests, but it will also increase the sensitivity of colliders to new physics beyond the Standard Model.

  19. What to Read: A Biased Guide to AI Literacy for the Beginner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agre, Philip E.

    This note tries to provide a quick guide to AI literacy for the beginning AI hacker and for the experienced AI hacker or two whose scholarship isn't what it should be. most will recognize it as the same old list of classic ...

  20. Enhancing Digital Literacy by Multi-modal Data Mining of the Digital Lifespan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collomosse, John

    Edinburgh, UK m.j.chantler@hw.ac.uk ABSTRACT Social media pervades modern digital society, yet despite its promotes digital literacy of social media through design of novel technological interventions that raise awareness of the digital personhood. We describe progress towards automatic social media data-mining capa

  1. Video storybooks as a bridge to literacy M.J.A.J. Verhallen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    Video storybooks as a bridge to literacy M.J.A.J. Verhallen Proefschrift, Universiteit Leiden text but also video, music and sound that portray the story's events. One of the reasons pictures. Video storybooks more clearly show how story events evolve and may thus provide a strong support

  2. An Evaluation of Early Reading First on Emergent Literacy Skills: Preschool through Middle of First Grade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tani-Prado, Sophia

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    small city in a Southwestern state on both short- and mid-term early literacy outcomes of high risk preschoolers in a treatment condition and a comparison group. A total of 239 children participated in the study; 110 children in the ERF treatment group...

  3. The trial of the holographic principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musia?, Wojciech, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an introduction to ideas related to the holographic principle in the context of the well-established duality between classical gravity and conformal fluid dynamics. Foundations of relativistic hydrodynamics, ...

  4. Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices: The Whistler, British) Report No.: 574 Title of Thesis: Policy transfer of innovative sustainability principles and practices;v Abstract This study examines how innovative policies that seek to embed sustainability principles

  5. Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian

    2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.

  6. activation analysis principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Algorithm Uncertainty Principles Mathematical Physics (arXiv) Summary: Previously, Bennet and Feynman asked if Heisenberg's uncertainty principle puts a limitation on a quantum...

  7. Methods for identifying an essential gene in a prokaryotic microorganism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shizuya, Hiroaki

    2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods are provided for the rapid identification of essential or conditionally essential DNA segments in any species of haploid cell (one copy chromosome per cell) that is capable of being transformed by artificial means and is capable of undergoing DNA recombination. This system offers an enhanced means of identifying essential function genes in diploid pathogens, such as gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.

  8. Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, April 2011 Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, April 2011 In March 2011, a...

  9. Politics and Emergency Medicine - An Essential Lesson for Every Resident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the future of emergency medicine. Volume XII, no . 3 : JulyPolitics and Emergency Medicine - An Essential Lesson forIrvine School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine,

  10. Modalities, Sites and Practices of Family Literacy: A Qualitative Interpretation of Family Photographs through Interviews and Observations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipsett, Tiffany Marie-Hamlin

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This qualitative arts-based research study explores family literacy experiences that occur in homes with adults and children through interviews, observations, and the visual analysis of photographs that document such experiences. I employ visual...

  11. Exploring the Underlying Factor Structure of the Home Literacy Environment (HLE) in a Spanish Translation of the Familia Inventory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adame-Hernandez, Cindy

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Differences in children’s skills at the beginning of formal schooling have been reported, with Hispanic children, often performing below their Caucasian counterparts. The home literacy environment (HLE) has been reported to be the cause of the early...

  12. Occupational stress and coping mechanisms as perceived by the directors of adult literacy educational programs in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Melinda Weatherford

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the stressors and coping mechanisms related to job performance as perceived by directors of adult literacy education programs in Texas. This research also attempted to determine whether there were...

  13. Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanik, Bruce Walter

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    and evaluate electronic health information and a Q-study was conducted to investigate student characteristics that distinguish between those with high, middle, and low levels of e-health literacy. A convenience sample of 77 health education majors completed...

  14. A Pilot Study to Explore the Correlation Between Parental Nutrition Literacy, Child Healthy Eating Index-2010 and Weight Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennett, Amy

    2014-04-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Objective: Improving diet quality and weight status of children and parents is important for promoting future health. The purpose of this study was to investigate parental nutrition literacy (PNL) in relation to child Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI...

  15. CUTTING EDGE Cutting Edge: Essential Role of Hypoxia Inducible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    CUTTING EDGE IMMUNOLOGY THE OF JOURNAL Cutting Edge: Essential Role of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 raises the level of the transcriptional regu- lator hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1 ) in macro- phages recently identified novel and essential roles of the transcriptional regulator hypox- ia-inducible factor

  16. Principle of Mathematical Induction (PMI) Statement of the Principle of Mathematical Induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singman, David

    Principle of Mathematical Induction (PMI) Statement of the Principle of Mathematical Induction Let you have a subset S of N which you wish to prove is all of N. If you use PMI, the proof can be written as follows. Outline of a proof by PMI Proof. We prove this result using PMI. Let S = . . . (describe the set

  17. Principles of Distributed Data Management in 2020?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valduriez, Patrick

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the advents of high-speed networks, fast commodity hardware, and the web, distributed data sources have become ubiquitous. The third edition of the \\"Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems [10] reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new edition, the fundamental principles of distributed data management could be still presented based on the three dimensions of earlier editions: distribution, heterogeneity and autonomy of the data sources. In retrospect, the focus on fundamental principles and generic techniques has been useful not only to understand and teach the material, but also to enable an infinite number of variations. The primary application of these generic techniques has been obviously for distributed and parallel DBMS versions. Today, to support the requirements of important data-intensive applications (e.g. social networks, web data analytics, scientific applications, etc.), new distributed data management tech...

  18. A Novel Variational Principle arising from Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanzhong Wu

    2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyzing one example of LC circuit in [8], show its Lagrange problem only have other type critical points except for minimum type and maximum type under many circumstances. One novel variational principle is established instead of Pontryagin maximum principle or other extremal principles to be suitable for all types of critical points in nonlinear LC circuits. The generalized Euler-Lagrange equation of new form is derived. The canonical Hamiltonian systems of description are also obtained under the Legendre transformation, instead of the generalized type of Hamiltonian systems. This approach is not only very simple in theory but also convenient in applications and applicable for nonlinear LC circuits with arbitrary topology and other additional integral constraints.

  19. A variational principle in optics Jacob Rubinstein and Gershon Wolansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolansky, Gershon

    A variational principle in optics Jacob Rubinstein and Gershon Wolansky Department of Mathematics a new variational principle in optics. We first formulate the principle for paraxial waves principle to the problem of phase reconstruction from intensity measurements. © 2004 Optical Society

  20. Deriving the Qubit from Entropy Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Brandenburger; Pierfrancesco La Mura

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the most famous features of quantum mechanics. However, the non-determinism implied by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle --- together with other prominent aspects of quantum mechanics such as superposition, entanglement, and nonlocality --- poses deep puzzles about the underlying physical reality, even while these same features are at the heart of exciting developments such as quantum cryptography, algorithms, and computing. These puzzles might be resolved if the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics were built up from physically interpretable axioms, but it is not. We propose three physically-based axioms which together characterize the simplest quantum system, namely the qubit. Our starting point is the class of all no-signaling theories. Each such theory can be regarded as a family of empirical models, and we proceed to associate entropies, i.e., measures of information, with these models. To do this, we move to phase space and impose the condition that entropies are real-valued. This requirement, which we call the Information Reality Principle, arises because in order to represent all no-signaling theories (including quantum mechanics itself) in phase space, it is necessary to allow negative probabilities (Wigner [1932]). Our second and third principles take two important features of quantum mechanics and turn them into deliberately chosen physical axioms. One axiom is an Uncertainty Principle, stated in terms of entropy. The other axiom is an Unbiasedness Principle, which requires that whenever there is complete certainty about the outcome of a measurement in one of three mutually orthogonal directions, there must be maximal uncertainty about the outcomes in each of the two other directions.

  1. Essential Systems Functionality Inspection Criteria, Approach, and Lines of Inquiry, October 16, 2008 (HSS CRAD 64-11 Rev. 2)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Essential Systems Functionality (ESF) inspection will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and processes for engineering design and safety basis, construction and installation, configuration management, surveillance testing, maintenance, operations, cognizant system engineer (CSE) and safety system oversight (SSO), and feedback and improvement of selected safety systems. This review will evaluate the effectiveness in maintaining the functionality of these safety systems. The ESF review will be performed in the context of integrated safety management (ISM), although the inspection criteria, activities and lines of inquiry are organized by ESF functional areas rather than ISM principles and core functions.

  2. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjerrum-Bohr, N E J; El-Menoufi, Basem Kamal; Holstein, Barry R; Planté, Ludovic; Vanhove, Pierre

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  3. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr; John F. Donoghue; Basem Kamal El-Menoufi; Barry R. Holstein; Ludovic Planté; Pierre Vanhove

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  4. Literacy and its discontents: modernist anxiety and the literacy fiction of Virginia Woolf, E. M. Forster, D. H. Lawrence and Aldous Huxley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPlessis, Nicole Mara

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    their artistic ideals using writen media. McLuhan proposes “consciousnes” as an alternative to “the lineal structuring of rational life by phonetic literacy [that] has involved us in an interlocking set of consistencies.” He says that “consciousnes is regarded... as the mark of a rational being, yet there is nothing lineal or sequential about the total field of awarenes that exists in any moment of consciousnes. Consciousnes is not a verbal proces” (UM 85). Although Modernists such as Woolf and Joyce had to rely...

  5. CLOUD COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS PROGRAM An eleven-week in-depth program in the principles, methods, and technologies of Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    CLOUD COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS PROGRAM An eleven-week in-depth program in the principles, methods, and technologies of Cloud Computing DePaul University's Cloud Computing Fundamentals Program provides a comprehensive introduction to essential aspects of Cloud Computing. The program is designed to quickly educate

  6. Principles for Mining Summaries: Theorems and Proofs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regina, University of

    Principles for Mining Summaries: Theorems and Proofs Robert J. Hilderman and Howard J. Hamilton,hamiltong@cs.uregina.ca Abstract An important problem in the area of data mining is the development of effective measures of inter previously been utilized in various disciplines, such as information theory, statis­ tics, ecology

  7. Quantum Internal Model Principle: Decoherence Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayan Ganesan; Tzyh-Jong Tarn

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article, we study the problem of designing a Decoherence Control for quantum systems with the help of a scalable ancillary quantum control and techniques from geometric control theory, in order to successfully and completely decouple an open quantum system from its environment. We re-formulate the problem of decoherence control as a disturbance rejection scheme which also leads us to the idea of Internal Model Principle for quantum control systems which is first of its kind in the literature. It is shown that decoupling a quantum disturbance from an open quantum system, is possible only with the help of a quantum controller which takes into account the model of the environmental interaction. This is demonstrated for a simple 2-qubit system wherein the effects of decoherence are completely eliminated. The theory provides conditions to be imposed on the controller to ensure perfect decoupling. Hence the problem of decoherence control naturally gives rise to the quantum internal model principle which relates the disturbance rejecting control to the model of the environmental interaction. Classical internal model principle and disturbance decoupling focus on different aspects viz. perfect output tracking and complete decoupling of output from external disturbances respectively. However for quantum systems, the two problems come together and merge in order to produce an effective platform for decoherence control. In this article we introduce a seminal connection between disturbance decoupling and the corresponding analog for internal model principle for quantum systems.

  8. ECE 331: Electronics Principles Pre-requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Russ

    ECE 331: Electronics Principles Pre-requisites: - ECE202 and MATH340 or MATH345 Phasors, Impedance and Integral Calculus Kirchhoff's Law - Can connect devices and evaluate bias circuits and time- varying device properties (e.g. threshold voltage) from measured data - Can use LabView to derive I

  9. FIRST PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF TOKAMAK ENERGY TRANSPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    energy losses have prevented the experimental demonstration of net fusion energy production fromFIRST PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF TOKAMAK ENERGY TRANSPORT M. KOTSCHENREUTHER, W. DORLAND, Q.P. LIU Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, United States of America G.W. HAMMETT, M

  10. CONTRIBUTED Privacy-AwareDesignPrinciples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wicker, Stephen

    CONTRIBUTED P A P E R Privacy-AwareDesignPrinciples for Information Networks In this paper a negative impact on both the individual and society, and the public's perception of engi- neered systems/demand response case study to illustrate the impact of the proposed design rules that protect individual privacy

  11. Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services Reinette Biggs,1,2 Maja Schl¨uter,1,3 Duan Biggs,4,5,6 Erin L. Bohensky,7 Shauna BurnSilver,8 Georgina Cundill,10 Vasilis Dakos,11 Tim Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm 10691, Sweden; email: oonsie.biggs

  12. THE PEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES Professor Terry Mayes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    and teaching using their own methods. Biggs (2) describes the task of good pedagogical design as one outcomes. In adopting an approach of constructive alignment Biggs himself employed constructivist principles of pedagogy to make that judgement, but by so doing Biggs accepted a good deal of underpinning

  13. Comment on Ashtekar: Generalization of Wigner's Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan W. Roberts

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Ashtekar (2013) has illustrated that two of the available roads to testing for time asymmetry can be generalized beyond the structure of quantum theory, to much more general formulations of mechanics. The purpose of this note is to show that a third road to T-violation, which I have called "Wigner's Principle," can be generalized in this way as well.

  14. Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Daniel J.

    Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

  15. Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

  16. Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles Jan M. _Zytkow Computer Science; Piatetsky-Shapiro & Frawley, 1991; Shen, 1993; Shrager & Langley; Simon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman, 1997; Kulkarni & Simon, 1987; Kocabas & Langley, 1995; Valdes- Perez, 1993. The mere accumulation of new

  17. Essential Differential Equations September 2013 Lecturer David Silvester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvester, David J.

    Essential Differential Equations September 2013 Lecturer David Silvester Office Alan Turing 1­5 Classes Tues 3­4 Alan Turing G.207 Thur 1­3 Alan Turing G.205 Assessment Week 7 Test 20% Week 10

  18. Three Essentials of the Electric Grid: Business, Regulation and Deregulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    Three Essentials of the Electric Grid: Business, Regulation and Deregulation Overview The energy and electric power industries in the U.S. are facing-reliability energy and electricity with lower environmental impacts. This module will introduce

  19. The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart metering proposals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    metering proposals and the move to time-based pricing. August 2010 The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart metering proposals and the move to time-based pricing. August...

  20. Constructing optimal local pseudopotentials from first principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Wenhui; Ma, Yanming; Miao, Maosheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local pseudopotential (LPP) is an important component of the orbital free density functional theory (OF-DFT), which is a promising large scale simulation method that can still maintain information of electron state in materials. Up to date, LPP is usually extracted from the solid state DFT calculations. It is unclear how to assess its transferability while applying to a much different chemical environment. Here we reveal a fundamental relation between the first principles norm-conserving PP (NCPP) and the LPP. Using the optimized effective potential method developed for exchange functional, we demonstrate that the LPP can be constructed optimally from the NCPP for a large number of elements. Our theory also reveals that the existence of an LPP is intrinsic to the elements, irrespective to the parameters used for the construction. Our method provides a unified method in constructing and assessing LPP in the framework of first principles pseudopotentials.

  1. On the superposition principle in interference experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aninda Sinha; Aravind H. Vijay; Urbasi Sinha

    2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The superposition principle is usually incorrectly applied in interference experiments. This has recently been investigated through numerics based on Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) methods as well as the Feynman path integral formalism. In the current work, we have derived an analytic formula for the Sorkin parameter which can be used to determine the deviation from the application of the principle. We have found excellent agreement between the analytic distribution and those that have been earlier estimated by numerical integration as well as resource intensive FDTD simulations. The analytic handle would be useful for comparing theory with future experiments. It is applicable both to physics based on classical wave equations as well as the non-relativistic Schrodinger equation.

  2. Equivalence principle in scalar-tensor gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a direct confirmation of the validity of the equivalence principle for unstructured test bodies in scalar tensor gravity. Our analysis is complementary to previous approaches and valid for a large class of scalar-tensor theories of gravitation. A covariant approach is used to derive the equations of motion in a systematic way and allows for the experimental test of scalar-tensor theories by means of extended test bodies.

  3. Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

  4. On Principle of Universality of Gravitational Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. B. Pestov

    2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the experiment is discussed on the verification of the principle of universality of gravitational interactions and some related problems of gravity theory and physics of elementary particles. The meaning of this proposal lies in the fact that the self-consistency of General Relativity, as it turns out, presuppose the existence of the nongravitating form of energy. Theory predicts that electrons are particles that transfer the nongravitating form of energy.

  5. Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Approaches and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Abdel Magied Diab

    2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We review highlights from string theory, black hole physics and doubly special relativity and some "thought" experiments which were suggested to probe the shortest distance and/or the maximum momentum at the Planck scale. The models which are designed to implement the minimal length scale and/or the maximum momentum in different physical systems are analysed entered the literature as the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). We compare between them. The existence of a minimal length and a maximum momentum accuracy is preferred by various physical observations. Furthermore, assuming modified dispersion relation allows for a wide range of applications in estimating, for example, the inflationary parameters, Lorentz invariance violation, black hole thermodynamics, Saleker-Wigner inequalities, entropic nature of the gravitational laws, Friedmann equations, minimal time measurement and thermodynamics of the high-energy collisions. One of the higher-order GUP approaches gives predictions for the minimal length uncertainty. Another one predicts a maximum momentum and a minimal length uncertainty, simultaneously. An extensive comparison between the different GUP approaches is summarized. We also discuss the GUP impacts on the equivalence principles including the universality of the gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action and on the kinetic energy of composite system. The concern about the compatibility with the equivalence principles, the universality of gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action should be addressed. We conclude that the value of the GUP parameters remain a puzzle to be verified.

  6. Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Geoffrey

    Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith School of Computing and Information to explain the #12;2 Geoffrey Smith principles underlying secure information flow analysis and to discuss

  7. Relevance of the precautionary principle in water recycling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schäfer, Andrea; Beder, S

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an engineering context the precautionary principle is often perceived as an excuse to do nothing or a substantial barrier to technical progress. The precautionary principle requires that remedial measures be taken in ...

  8. Zachar and Naik Principles of Infrared Thermography and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Zachar and Naik 1 Principles of Infrared Thermography and Application for Assessment details the principles of infrared thermography from the underlying theoretical considerations to the physical constraints involved with performing the test. Infrared (IR) thermography testing may be conducted

  9. First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Performance Cathode for Li-S Batteries. First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a...

  10. The equivalence principle in classical mechanics and quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip D. Mannheim

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss our understanding of the equivalence principle in both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. We show that not only does the equivalence principle hold for the trajectories of quantum particles in a background gravitational field, but also that it is only because of this that the equivalence principle is even to be expected to hold for classical particles at all.

  11. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Abstract to improve the size-change termination principle of Lee, Jones and Ben-Amram. The points of interest-change termination principle ([1]) is a simple, yet surprisingly strong termination checker for generic programming

  12. Science Literacy Project for Mid-Career Public Radio Producers, Reporters, Editors and News Directors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bari Scott

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SoundVision held a post-workshop teleconference for our 2011 graduates (as we have done for all participants) to consolidate what theyâ??d learned during the workshop. To maximize the Science Literacy Projectâ??s impact after it ends, we strengthened and reinforced our alumniâ??s vibrant networking infrastructure so they can continue to connect and support each other, and updated our archive system to ensure all of our science and science journalism resources and presentations will be easy to access and use over time.

  13. A review of "Literacy and Written Culture in Early Modern Central Europe" by Istvan Gyorgy Toth.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the emergence of a public sphere. Istv?n Gy?rgy T?th. Literacy and Written Culture in Early Modern Central Europe. Central European University Press, 2000. x + 266 pp. Includes b&w illustrations, 31 tables and 2 maps. ?13.95 paper. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... in Central Europe on the base of research carried out in one region of Hungary. I realize that the notions of Central, Eastern, Central Eastern Europe, etc., are far from being precise, but I have problems accepting Central Europe as being limited only...

  14. Giant magnetoresistance calculated from first principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, W.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); MacLaren, J.M. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Zhang, X.G. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Computational Sciences

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Layer Korringa Kohn Rostoker-Coherent Potential Approximation technique was used to calculate the low temperature Giant Magnetoresistance from first principles for Co{vert_bar}Cu and permalloy{vert_bar}Cu superlattices. Our calculations predict large giant magnetoresistance ratios for Co{vert_bar}Cu and extremely large ratios for permalloy{vert_bar}Cu for current perpendicular to the layers. Mechanisms such as spin-orbit coupling which mix spin channels are expected to greatly reduce the GMR effect for permalloy{vert_bar}Cu.

  15. Equivalence Principle and the Baryon Acoustic Peak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldauf, Tobias; Simonovi?, Marko; Zaldarriaga, Matias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dominant effect of a long wavelength density perturbation $\\delta(\\lambda_L)$ on short distance physics. In the non-relativistic limit, the result is a uniform acceleration, fixed by the equivalence principle, and typically has no effect on statistical averages due to translational invariance. This same reasoning has been formalized to obtain a "consistency condition" on the cosmological correlation functions. In the presence of a feature, such as the acoustic peak at $l_{\\rm BAO}$, this naive expectation breaks down for $\\lambda_Lpower spectrum. Finally, the success of BAO reconstruction schemes is argue...

  16. Localization principle in SUSY gauge theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosomichi, Kazuo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Localization principle is a powerful analytic tool in supersymmetric gauge theories which enables one to perform supersymmetric path integrals explicitly. Many important formulae have been obtained, and they led to a major breakthrough in the understanding of gauge theories at strong coupling as well as the dynamics of branes in M-theory. Some of those results are reviewed, focusing especially on Pestun's solution to four-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on S^4 and the subsequent developments on three or four-dimensional gauge theories on spheres.

  17. Huygens-Fresnel Principle in Superspace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrique de A. Gomes

    2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We first roughly present a summary of the optico-mechanical analogy, which has always been so profitable in physics. Then we put forward a geometrodynamical formulation of gravity suitable to our intentions, both formally and conceptually. We present difficulties in some approaches to canonically quantize gravity which can be amended by the idea put forward in this paper, which we introduce in the last section. It consists basically in trying to find an intermediary between the quantization step going from the classical superhamiltonian constraint to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. This is accomplished by inputting interference beyond the WKB approximation, through a type of Huygens-Fresnel Principle (HFP) in superspace.

  18. Principle Power Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation,Power RentalAreas-|LogPrinciple Power Inc Jump

  19. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of Energy InvestingS10IS007of Energy Principles for

  20. CHEM333: Experiment 4: Steam Distillation of Essential Oils;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taber, Douglass

    CHEM­333: Experiment 4: Steam Distillation of Essential Oils; Experiments A, C, D and below. Reading: For this experiment read Chapter 10. This week you will get to use steam distillation to isolate may wait until you come to lab to find out which spice you get. Steam distillation is not a common

  1. New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors Building energy codes are complex. Plans examiners and building inspectors are expected to understand and enforce energy savings. This new, hands-on course strives to provide plans examiners and building inspectors

  2. Molecular Plant RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT Rhizosphere Microbes as Essential Partners for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirt, Heribert

    to stress signals such as drought, heat, salinity, herbivory, and pathogens (Hirt, 2009). Some responsesMolecular Plant RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT Rhizosphere Microbes as Essential Partners for Plant Stress microbial associations for stress tolerance and survival. Although many plants lack the adaptive capability

  3. Brief Communication Channel Noise is Essential for Perithreshold Oscillations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorval II, Alan D. "Chuck"

    Brief Communication Channel Noise is Essential for Perithreshold Oscillations in Entorhinal by the stochastic flicker of voltage-gated ion channels, can be a major contributor to electrical membrane noise of persistent Na channels is necessary for the existence of slow perithreshold oscillations that characterize

  4. How Many Species Can Two Essential Resources Support? Bingtuan Li #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and for two species to coexist, driving the others to extinction. In case n = 3, it is shown that every extinct. Every solution approaches a single­species or two­species steady state. However, as already notedHow Many Species Can Two Essential Resources Support? Bingtuan Li # Department of Mathematics

  5. Curvature constraints from the causal entropic principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bozek, Brandon; Albrecht, Andreas; Phillips, Daniel [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8677 (United States)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Current cosmological observations indicate a preference for a cosmological constant that is drastically smaller than what can be explained by conventional particle physics. The causal entropic principle (Bousso et al.) provides an alternative approach to anthropic attempts to predict our observed value of the cosmological constant by calculating the entropy created within a causal diamond. We have extended this work to use the causal entropic principle to predict the preferred curvature within the 'multiverse'. We have found that values larger than {rho}{sub k}=40{rho}{sub m} are disfavored by more than 99.99% peak value at {rho}{sub {lambda}}=7.9x10{sup -123} and {rho}{sub k}=4.3{rho}{sub m} for open universes. For universes that allow only positive curvature or both positive and negative curvature, we find a correlation between curvature and dark energy that leads to an extended region of preferred values. Our universe is found to be disfavored to an extent depending on the priors on curvature. We also provide a comparison to previous anthropic constraints on open universes and discuss future directions for this work.

  6. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuta Hamada; Hikaru Kawai; Kiyoharu Kawana

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  7. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamada, Yuta; Kawana, Kiyoharu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  8. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Innovation Remove Science & Innovation filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Filter by Resource Type...

  9. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Remove Science Education filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Filter by Resource Type...

  10. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hydrogen Energy Literacy Principle 1 Energy Literacy Principle 2 Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 1...

  11. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove...

  12. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Search found 1 item Download Remove Download filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Filter by Resource Type...

  13. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Vehicles Remove Vehicles filter...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Sources Remove Energy Sources filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Vehicles Remove Vehicles filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Vehicles Remove Vehicles filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Bioenergy Remove Bioenergy filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Bioenergy Remove Bioenergy filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Renewables Remove Renewables filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Energy Sources Remove Energy Sources filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Biofuels Remove Biofuels filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Renewables Remove Renewables filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Biofuels Remove Biofuels filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Vehicles Remove Vehicles filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Download Remove Download filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Download Remove Download filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Bioenergy Remove Bioenergy filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Download Remove Download filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Energy Sources Remove Energy Sources filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 1 item Biofuels Remove Biofuels filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Renewables Remove Renewables filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel Vehicles filter...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Electricity Remove Electricity filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Electricity Remove Electricity filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Electricity Remove Electricity filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Alternative Fuel Vehicles Remove Alternative Fuel...

  7. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 1 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  8. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  9. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Biofuels Remove Biofuels filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 1 Remove...

  10. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  11. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy...

  12. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Renewables Remove Renewables filter Hydrogen Remove Hydrogen filter Fuel Economy Remove Fuel Economy filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 7 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 7 filter Energy Sources Remove Energy Sources filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security + Safety filter...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Energy Literacy Principle 7 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 7 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    search Search found 1 item Wind Remove Wind filter Energy Literacy Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 4 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Renewables Remove Renewables filter Energy Literacy Principle 7 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 7 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    search Search found 1 item Solar Remove Solar filter Energy Literacy Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 4 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Energy Sources Remove Energy Sources filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security + Safety filter...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 1 item Renewables Remove Renewables filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter National Security + Safety Remove National Security +...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Usage Remove Energy Usage filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 4 items Energy Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Teachers Remove Middle School (6-8) Teachers filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search found 4 items Download Remove Download filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    found 4 items Energy Usage Remove Energy Usage filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 2 filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Literacy Principle 5 Remove Energy Literacy Principle 5 filter Energy Efficiency Remove Energy Efficiency filter Consumption Remove Consumption filter Filter by Resource Type All...

  9. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    �öltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  10. Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanik, Bruce Walter

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    the RRSA-h. A MANOVA revealed that e-health literacy levels differed among classification level [F(4,140) = 2.597, p = .039]. Thirteen health education majors participated in the Q-study. An exploratory factor analysis revealed three types of e...

  11. Tritium proof-of-principle injector experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, P.W.; Milora, S.L.; Combs, S.K.; Carlson, R.V.; Coffin, D.O.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tritium Proof-of-Principle (TPOP) pellet injector was designed and built by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to evaluate the production and acceleration of tritium pellets for fueling future fision reactors. The injector uses the pipe-gun concept to form pellets directly in a short liquid-helium-cooled section of the barrel. Pellets are accelerated by using high-pressure hydrogen supplied from a fast solenoid valve. A versatile, tritium-compatible gas-handling system provides all of the functions needed to operate the gun, including feed gas pressure control and flow control, plus helium separation and preparation of mixtures. These systems are contained in a glovebox for secondary containment of tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). 18 refs., 3 figs.

  12. Generalized uncertainty principle and black hole thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Abhijit Dutta; Anirban Saha

    2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole thermodynamics using the simplest form of the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) proposed in the literature. The expressions for the mass-temperature relation, heat capacity and entropy are obtained in both cases from which the critical and remnant masses are computed. Our results are exact and reveal that these masses are identical and larger than the so called singular mass for which the thermodynamics quantities become ill-defined. The expression for the entropy reveals the well known area theorem in terms of the horizon area in both cases upto leading order corrections from GUP. The area theorem written in terms of a new variable which can be interpreted as the reduced horizon area arises only when the computation is carried out to the next higher order correction from GUP.

  13. On the essential spectrum of certain non-commutative oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parmeggiani, Alberto, E-mail: alberto.parmeggiani@unibo.it; Venni, Alberto, E-mail: alberto.venni@unibo.it [Department of Mathematics, University of Bologna, Piazza di Porta S.Donato 5, 40126 Bologna (Italy)] [Department of Mathematics, University of Bologna, Piazza di Porta S.Donato 5, 40126 Bologna (Italy)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show here that the spectrum of the family of non-commutative harmonic oscillators Q{sub (?,?)}{sup w}(x,D) for ?,??R{sub +} in the range ?? = 1 is [0, +?) and is entirely essential spectrum. The previous existing results concern the case ?? > 1 (case in which Q{sub (?,?)}{sup w}(x,D) is globally elliptic with a discrete spectrum whose qualitative properties are being extensively studied), and ours therefore extend the picture to the range of parameters ?? ? 1.

  14. Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sustainable Buildings Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides guidance to...

  15. First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode Materials G. Ceder Massachusetts Institute of technology and C. P Grey Cambridge University and Stony Brook...

  16. Evolutionary-Economic Principles as Regulators of Soil Enzyme Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German, Donovan P.

    Chapter 12 Evolutionary-Economic Principles as Regulators of Soil Enzyme Production and Ecosystem (chitinases), organic phosphates (phosphatases), and lignins (oxidases, peroxidases) (Burns 1978; Allison et

  17. Electron Exchange and Conduction in Nontronite from First-Principles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Conduction in Nontronite from First-Principles. Abstract: Fe-bearing clay minerals serve as an important source and sink for electrons in redox reactions in various...

  18. Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping strategies obtained in laboratory experiments a decentralized biorefinery concept for co-production of bioethanol

  19. adopting ecological principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 BSCI 361 -Principles of Ecology Fall 2010 Syllabus & Course Description Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: BSCI 361 -...

  20. FEMP Offers Updated Training on the Guiding Principles for High...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) presents an updated series of training courses focused on the Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and...

  1. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and properties of ZrSiO4 polymorphs. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and...

  2. 18.310 Principles of Applied Mathematics, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleitman, Daniel J.

    Principles of Applied Mathematics is a study of illustrative topics in discrete applied mathematics including sorting algorithms, information theory, coding theory, secret codes, generating functions, linear programming, ...

  3. Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for Policy and Project Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Free, Prior, and...

  4. Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency workgroup. The...

  5. Proposed Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency...

  6. aufbau principle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  7. antiplatelet therapy principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  8. active principle curcumin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  9. 18.310 Principles of Applied Mathematics, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleitman, Daniel J.

    Principles of Applied Mathematics is a study of illustrative topics in discrete applied mathematics including sorting algorithms, information theory, coding theory, secret codes, generating functions, linear programming, ...

  10. applying design principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    . . . . . . . . 93 12;iv Joris Dormans | Engineering Emergence 4 ten Cate, Balder 47 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  11. The Principle of Hamilton for Mechanical Systems with Impacts and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerim Yunt Yunt

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 27, 2014 ... The Principle of Hamilton for Mechanical Systems with Impacts and Unilateral Constraints. Kerim Yunt Yunt(kerimyunt ***at*** web.de).

  12. A Comparison of Education, Business, and Engineering Undergraduate Students’ Internet Use and their Experience, Confidence, and Competence in Using New Literacies of the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Su Yeon

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explored beginning and advanced pre-service teachers’ Internet use and their experience, confidence, and competence in using new literacies of the Internet. In addition, this study compared the pre-service teachers to same-aged business...

  13. Investigating the relationship between urban first and second grade classroom teachers' sense of efficacy for literacy instruction and the reading achievement of their highly mobile students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valadez, Corinne Montalvo

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This correlation design study investigated the relationship between urban first and second grade classroom teachers� sense of efficacy for literacy instruction and the reading achievement of their highly mobile students. Teachers� sense...

  14. Energy Literacy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |in STEMEnergyI.ofTrack 1

  15. The principles of life-cycle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Hunsaker, D.B.; Curlee, T.R.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decisionmakers representing government agencies must balance competing objectives when deciding on the purchase and sale of assets. The goal in all cases should be to make prudent or financially {open_quotes}cost-effective{close_quotes} decisions. That is, the revenues from the purchase or sale of assets should exceed any out-of-pocket costs to obtain the revenues. However, effects external to these financial considerations such as promoting environmental quality, creating or maintaining jobs, and abiding by existing regulations should also be considered in the decisionmaking process. In this paper, we outline the principles of life-cycle analysis (LCA), a framework that allows decisionmakers to make informed, balanced choices over the period of time affected by the decision, taking into account important external effects. Specifically, LCA contains three levels of analysis for any option: (1) direct financial benefits (revenues) and out-of-pocket costs for a course of action; (2) environmental and health consequences of a decision; and (3) other economic and socio-institutional effects. Because some of the components of LCA are difficult to value in monetary terms, the outcome of the LCA process is not generally a yes-no answer. However, the framework allows the decisionmaker to at least qualitatively consider all relevant factors in analyzing options, promoting sound decisionmaking in the process.

  16. Essential Body of Knowledge (EBK) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,OfficeEnd of Year 2010 SNFEnergySession0-02NationwideServicesGroundsErinEssential

  17. Simplex Tableau Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Tableau Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 9 Spring 2012 1 / 9 #12;Simplex Tableau Recap: Simplex Method for Max LP Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9 Spring 2012 2 / 9 #12;Simplex Tableau Simplex Algorithm

  18. Simplex Method Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Method Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 7 Spring 2012 1 / 20 #12;Simplex Method Standard Form Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7 Spring 2012 2 / 20 #12;Simplex Method Figure: Two consecutive shifts and constraints

  19. arXiv:condmat/0310072 Minimum dissipation principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrielli, Davide

    uctuation principle which generalizes the well known Boltzmann{Einstein formula for the probability have opposite transformation properties under time reversal, the non dissipative part being in this respect akin to a magnetic term. We emphasize that the minimum dissipation principle is of general

  20. Principles, Meet Practice An Early Retrospective on SAFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Benjamin C.

    #12;Principles · Clean-slate co-design · Push security into hardware · Pervasive verification · Defense in depth #12;Clean-slate design #12;Clean-slate design: Principles · No requirement-design across traditional system layers #12;Clean-slate design: Practice · Lots of fun! · Way to explore new

  1. KEYNOTE PAPER Principles of good assessment and feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azzopardi, Leif

    KEYNOTE PAPER Principles of good assessment and feedback: Theory and practice David Nicol for the theory and practice of assessment in higher education. It presents 10 principles of good assessment underpinning good assessment practice in higher education. In one paper, I (with a colleague) formulated seven

  2. An Exponential Separation between the Matching Principle and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beame, Paul

    principle is the perfect matching principle, NPM n , which states that no graph on 2n + 1 nodes consists of a perfect matching. We encode NPM n using \\Gamma 2n+1 2 \\Delta matching variables, P fi;jg , i; j Ÿ 2n+ 1. Using these variables, NPM n can be written as the disjunction of the following matching clauses: V f

  3. Joint Synchronization and Decoding Exploiting the Turbo Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regalia, Phillip A.

    Joint Synchronization and Decoding Exploiting the Turbo Principle John M. Walsh and C. Richard´el´ecommunications/GET 91011 Evry cedex France Abstract-- This paper investigates turbo methods for joint synchronization and decoding in pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) systems. We begin with a brief review of the turbo principle

  4. Violations of the ceiling principle: Exact conditions and statistical evidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slimowitz, J.R. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)); Cohen, J.E. (Rockefeller Univ., New York (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Research Council recommended the use of the ceiling principle in forensic applications of DNA testing on the grounds that the ceiling principle was believed to be [open quotes]conservative,[close quotes] giving estimates greater than or equal to the actual genotype frequencies in the appropriate reference population. The authors show here that the ceiling principle can fail to be conservative in a population with two subpopulations and two loci, each with two alleles at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, if there is some linkage disequilibrium between loci. They also show that the ceiling principle can fail in a population with two subpopulations and a single locus with two alleles if Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium does not hold. They given explicit analytical formulas to describe when the ceiling principle fails. By showing that the ceiling principle is not always mathematically reliable, this analysis gives users of the ceiling principle the responsibility of demonstrating that it is conservative for the particular data with which it is used. Reanalysis of VNTR data bases of the FBI provides compelling evidence of two-locus associations within three major ethnic groups (Caucasian, black, and Hispanic) in the United States, even though the loci tested are located on different chromosomes. Before the ceiling principle is implemented, more research should be done to determine whether it may be violated in practice. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  5. Transversity from First Principles in QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Transversity observables, such as the T-odd Sivers single-spin asymmetry measured in deep inelastic lepton scattering on polarized protons and the distributions which are measured in deeply virtual Compton scattering, provide important constraints on the fundamental quark and gluon structure of the proton. In this talk I discuss the challenge of computing these observables from first principles; i.e.; quantum chromodynamics, itself. A key step is the determination of the frame-independent light-front wavefunctions (LFWFs) of hadrons - the QCD eigensolutions which are analogs of the Schroedinger wavefunctions of atomic physics. The lensing effects of initial-state and final-state interactions, acting on LFWFs with different orbital angular momentum, lead to T-odd transversity observables such as the Sivers, Collins, and Boer-Mulders distributions. The lensing effect also leads to leading-twist phenomena which break leading-twist factorization such as the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions. A similar rescattering mechanism also leads to diffractive deep inelastic scattering, as well as nuclear shadowing and non-universal antishadowing. It is thus important to distinguish 'static' structure functions, the probability distributions computed the target hadron's light-front wavefunctions, versus 'dynamical' structure functions which include the effects of initial- and final-state rescattering. I also discuss related effects such as the J = 0 fixed pole contribution which appears in the real part of the virtual Compton amplitude. AdS/QCD, together with 'Light-Front Holography', provides a simple Lorentz-invariant color-confining approximation to QCD which is successful in accounting for light-quark meson and baryon spectroscopy as well as hadronic LFWFs.

  6. Histone demethylase JMJD5 is essential for embryonic development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oh, Sangphil [Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (United States)] [Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (United States); Janknecht, Ralf, E-mail: ralf-janknecht@ouhsc.edu [Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (United States)] [Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (United States)

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Histone demethylase JMJD5 is essential for embryogenesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transcription of tumor suppressor p53 is upregulated in JMJD5 knockout embryos. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer JMJD5 may antagonize p53-dependent growth inhibition and apoptosis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer JMJD5 is overexpressed in leukemias and breast cancer. -- Abstract: Histone lysine methylation is pivotal in regulating chromatin structure and thus profoundly affects the transcriptome. JMJD5 (jumonji C domain-containing 5) is a histone demethylase that specifically removes methyl moieties from dimethylated lysine 36 on histone H3 and exerts a pro-proliferative effect on breast cancer cells. Here, we generated JMJD5 knockout mice in order to study the physiological significance of this enzyme. Whereas heterozygous knockout mice displayed no overt phenotype, homozygous JMJD5 knockouts died around day 10 of embryonal development. JMJD5{sup -/-} embryos showed delayed development already at E8.5 and were actively resorbed at E10.5. While strong JMJD5 expression was observed only in the yolk sac at E8.5, JMJD5 was robustly expressed in E10.5 embryos at several sites, including the heart and eye. Lack of JMJD5 resulted in transcriptional upregulation of the tumor suppressor p53. Concurrently, the cell cycle inhibitor p21 and the pro-apoptotic molecule Noxa, both of which are prominent p53 target genes, became strongly upregulated in JMJD5{sup -/-} embryos. Collectively, our data indicate that JMJD5 is essential during embryonal development and a repressor of p53 expression. The latter suggests that JMJD5 has oncogenic activity and accordingly JMJD5 is upregulated in leukemias and breast cancer.

  7. Locoine, the Poisonous Principle of Loco Weed, Astragalus earlei.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weed Astragalus *lei. The toxic principle has been given the name locoine. has been isolated by a long series of chemical separations, :h separation being tested by feeding to cats. It is a strong se, very soluble in water a.nd alcohol, but only... of the Toxic Principle The loco weed was at first extracted with boiling water. Considerable quantities of materials other than the toxic substance were dissolved. After the poisonous principle was found to be very soluble in alcohol, the plant...

  8. Large deviations principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaykov Foukzon

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized Large deviation principles was developed for Colombeau-Ito SDE with a random coefficients. We is significantly expand the classical theory of large deviations for randomly perturbed dynamical systems developed by Freidlin and Wentzell.Using SLDP approach, jumps phenomena, in financial markets, also is considered. Jumps phenomena, in financial markets is explained from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process. In contrast with a phenomenological approach we explain such jumps phenomena from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process.

  9. OASIS OpenDocument Essentials Using OASIS OpenDocument XML

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prencipe, Giuseppe

    OASIS OpenDocument Essentials Using OASIS OpenDocument XML J. David Eisenberg Cover graphic provided by Peter Harlow #12;OASIS OpenDocument Essentials: Using OASIS OpenDocument XML by J. David

  10. Application of Lean Management Principles to Election Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posner, Tomer

    Lean was first adopted as a management technique for improving results in manufacturing environments. It is based on the 5 principles of identifying the Value to be created, mapping the Value-Stream (incremental addition ...

  11. Application of lean management principles to election systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posner, Tomer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lean was first adopted as a management technique for improving results in manufacturing environments. It is based on the 5 principles of identifying the Value to be created, mapping the Value-Stream (incremental addition ...

  12. Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman Holon Academic Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb Street, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102, Israel N. J. Fisch Princeton Plasma

  13. Colorado State University Brand Toolbox I Design principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado State University Brand Toolbox I Design principles Graphic standards Communicators Updated 3/2013 #12;Communications Assurance...................................... 1 Graphic Standards, or general consent as a model or example; criterion. Graphic Standards #12;Colorado State University Brand

  14. Violation of the Weak Equivalence Principle in Bekenstein's theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Kraiselburd; H. Vucetich

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Bekenstein has shown that violation of Weak Equivalence Principle is strongly supressed in his model of charge variation. In this paper, it is shown that nuclear magnetic energy is large enough to produce observable effects in Eotvos experiments.

  15. An application of lean principles within a semiconductor manufacturing environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildeman, Roy C

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intel Corporation's Fab 23 is committed to implementing lean manufacturing to reduce their production cycle times and cost. This thesis is focused around the development of the principles of lean that are most relevant to ...

  16. 5.111 Principles of Chemical Science, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceyer, Sylvia Teresse

    Introduction to chemistry, with emphasis on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. Introduction to the chemistry of ...

  17. Inelastic transport In molecular junctions from first principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sejoong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work is dedicated to development of a first-principle approach to study electron-vibration interactions on quantum transport properties. In the first part we discuss a general implementation for inelastic transport ...

  18. First-principles characterization of formate and carboxyl adsorption...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    formate and carboxyl adsorption on the stoichiometric CeO2(111) and CeO2(110) surfaces. First-principles characterization of formate and carboxyl adsorption on the stoichiometric...

  19. Laser-induced plasma spectroscopy: principles, methods and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lazic, Violeta; Colao, Francesco; Fantoni, Roberta; Spizzichino, Valeria [ENEA, FIS-LAS, V. E. Fermi 45, Frascati (RM) (Italy); Jovicevic, Sonja [Institute of Physics, 11080 Belgrade, Pregrevica 118 (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Principles of the Laser Induced Plasma Spectroscopy and its advances are reported. Methods for obtaining quantitative analyses are described, together with discussion of some applications and the specific problems.

  20. ENCS 307: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES AND METHODS SECOND (WINTER) TERM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erbilgin, Nadir

    -1- ENCS 307: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES AND METHODS SECOND (WINTER) TERM Instructor Dr. Grading Assignments 50% Exams 50% Course Description Environmental assessments are becoming more common as increasing regulatory requirements are developed. Information collected for environmental assessments must

  1. Design of water-splitting photocatalysts by first principles computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yabi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the design of novel inorganic water-splitting photocatalysts for solar applications using first principles computations. Water-splitting photocatalysts are materials that can photo-catalyze the ...

  2. An uncertainty principle, Wegner estimates and localization near fluctuation boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne Boutet de Monvel; Daniel Lenz; Peter Stollmann

    2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a simple uncertainty principle and show that it can be applied to prove Wegner estimates near fluctuation boundaries. This gives new classes of models for which localization at low energies can be proven.

  3. 12.540 Principles of Global Positioning Systems, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, Thomas

    The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the ...

  4. Precise single cell monitoring reveals principles of cell growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Sungmin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accumulation of mass is a fundamental cellular process that is associated with metabolism, signaling and regulation. Despite the wealth of knowledge in molecular processes the principles of growth in mammalian cells are ...

  5. Must a Bayesian Accept the Likelihood Principle? Daniel Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Must a Bayesian Accept the Likelihood Principle? Daniel Steel Department of Philosophy 503 S. Kedzie Hall Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1032 Email: steel@msu.edu #12;1 1

  6. Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8285 {monnier, saha, shao}@cs.yale.edu YALEU/DCS/TR-1205 November 2000

  7. Principled Scavenging # Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging # Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 06520­8285 {monnier, saha, shao}@cs.yale.edu ABSTRACT Proof­carrying code and typed

  8. Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8285 ¡ monnier, saha, shao¢ @cs.yale.edu ABSTRACT Proof-carrying code

  9. applying bioethical principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    box. Pablo Arrighi; Renan Fargetton; Vincent Nesme; Eric Thierry 2011-02-04 17 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  10. applying core principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    box. Pablo Arrighi; Renan Fargetton; Vincent Nesme; Eric Thierry 2011-02-04 18 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  11. On the limiting absorption principle and spectra of quantum graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beng-Seong Ong

    2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The main result of the article is validity of the limiting absorption principle and thus absence of the singular continuous spectrum for compact quantum graphs with several infinite leads attached. The technique used involves Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators.

  12. Quantum Groups, Gravity, and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Maggiore

    1993-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the relationship between the generalized uncertainty principle in quantum gravity and the quantum deformation of the Poincar\\'e algebra. We find that a deformed Newton-Wigner position operator and the generators of spatial translations and rotations of the deformed Poincar\\'e algebra obey a deformed Heisenberg algebra from which the generalized uncertainty principle follows. The result indicates that in the $\\kappa$-deformed Poincar\\'e algebra a minimal observable length emerges naturally.

  13. An additive Hamiltonian plus Landauer's Principle yields quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Fields

    2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that no-signalling, a quantum of action, unitarity, detailed balance, Bell's theorem, the Hilbert-space representation of physical states and the Born rule all follow from the assumption of an additive Hamiltonian together with Landauer's principle. Common statements of the "classical limit" of quantum theory, as well as common assumptions made by "interpretations" of quantum theory, contradict additivity, Landauer's principle, or both.

  14. Water UseWater Use ater is an essential part of life and an essential part of any farm. It is necessary for growing produce and often

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Water UseWater Use W ater is an essential part of life and an essential part of any farm. It is necessary for growing produce and often for cleaning produce before it is sold. Water may also be used to protect crops from frost or to apply fertilizers or pesticides. Ensuring that you have clean water

  15. A thermodynamic hypothesis regarding optimality principles for flow processes in geosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Hui-Hai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a review of the maximum entropy production principle. RevSeleznev VD (2006) Maximum entropy pro- duction principle inexpenditure rate Maximum entropy production Optimality

  16. Mateas, M. 2005. Procedural Literacy: Educating the New Media Practitioner. On The Horizon. Special Issue. Future of Games, Simulations and Interactive Media in Learning Contexts, v13, n1 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateas, Michael

    Mateas, M. 2005. Procedural Literacy: Educating the New Media Practitioner. On The Horizon. Special Literacy: Educating the New Media Practitioner Michael Mateas Abstract For humanities scholars, artists on the theoretical and aesthetic concerns of new media. New media scholars and practitioners, including game

  17. Y-12 Sustainable Design Principles for Building Design and Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B&W Y-12 is committed to modernizing the Y-12 complex to meet future needs with a sustainable and responsive infrastructure and to integrating sustainability principles and practices into Y-12 work (Y72-001, B&W Y-12 Environmental, Safety and Health Policy). This commitment to sustainability and specifically sustainable design of buildings is also incorporated into Presidential Executive Orders (EO), DOE Orders (DOE O), and goals. Sustainable building design is an approach to design, construct, and operate facilities in an efficient and environmentally sound manner that will produce a healthful, resource-efficient and productive working environment that is inherently protective of the environment. The DOE has established the following 5 Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB), and has issued directives that require Y-12 to incorporate the principles and a number of supporting specific practices and techniques into building design, construction and renovation projects: (1) Employ Integrated Design Principles; (2) Optimize Energy Performance; (3) Protect and Conserve Water; (4) Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality; and (5) Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials. The purpose of this document is to present the required sustainable building principles, practices and techniques, summarize the key drivers for incorporating them into Y-12 projects, and present additional recommendations and resources that can be used to support sustainable buildings to enhance the environmental and economic performance of the Y-12 Complex.

  18. Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Garcia-Morales

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

  19. Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alves, Alexandre; da Silva, Roberto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.

  20. Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.

  1. A review of "Dido's Daughters: Literacy, Gender, and Empire in Early Modern England and France" by Margaret W. Ferguson. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julie D. Campbell

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with and problematizes numerous ideas popular in the history of literacy studies, then provides insightful analyses of texts by Christine de Pizan, Marguerite de Navarre, Elizabeth Cary, and Aphra Behn. In the three chapters of Part One, Ferguson gives a dense overview... Cit? des Dames, de Navarre?s Heptam?ron, Cary?s Tragedy of Mariam, and Behn?s Widdow Ranter and Oroonoko. She chooses such disparate authors and texts because, as she puts it, all four ?offer searching commentaries, in writing manifestly aimed at fu...

  2. Stereoscopic Media Editing based on 3D Cinematography Principles Chun-Wei Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Stereoscopic Media Editing based on 3D Cinematography Principles Chun-Wei Liu1 Tz-Huan Huang1 Ming, especially for stereoscopic media captured by consumers. This paper in- troduces 3D cinematography principles in stereoscopic media processing. 2 Principles and applications 3D cinematography principles. 3D filmmakers have

  3. Dual Extremum Principles in Finite Deformation Theory with Applications to Post-Buckling Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, David Yang

    , 1976; Auchmuty, 1983). The symmetry be- tween the primal and dual energy principles is amaz- ingly

  4. Composite system in noncommutative space and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kh. P. Gnatenko

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The motion of a composite system made of N particles is examined in a space with a canonical noncommutative algebra of coordinates. It is found that the coordinates of the center-of-mass position satisfy noncommutative algebra with effective parameter. Therefore, the upper bound of the parameter of noncommutativity is re-examined. We conclude that the weak equivalence principle is violated in the case of a non-uniform gravitational field and propose the condition for the recovery of this principle in noncommutative space. Furthermore, the same condition is derived from the independence of kinetic energy on the composition.

  5. The Equivalence Principle and the Constants of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibault Damour

    2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the various contexts within which one might address the issue of ``why'' the dimensionless constants of Nature have the particular values that they are observed to have. Both the general historical trend, in physics, of replacing a-priori-given, absolute structures by dynamical entities, and anthropic considerations, suggest that coupling ``constants'' have a dynamical nature. This hints at the existence of observable violations of the Equivalence Principle at some level, and motivates the need for improved tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  6. Locoine, the Poisonous Principle of Loco Weed, Astragalus earlei. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~l@rd & :J!j ha~':cl: C Acg e3: Texas College Staiion, Te~as. AGRICUhTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President - v eac ba* in n "L Phis bulletin contains an account of the separation and lation of the toxic principle of the loco... weed Astragalus *lei. The toxic principle has been given the name locoine. has been isolated by a long series of chemical separations, :h separation being tested by feeding to cats. It is a strong se, very soluble in water a.nd alcohol, but only...

  7. Guiding Principles for Sustainable Existing Buildings: Radiochemical Processing Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, Jason E.

    2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2006, the United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) signed the Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), along with 21 other agencies. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exceeding this requirement and, currently, about 25 percent of its buildings are High Performance and Sustainable Buildings. The pages that follow document the Guiding Principles conformance effort for the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at PNNL. The RPL effort is part of continued progress toward a building inventory that is 100 percent compliant with the Guiding Principles.

  8. A note on the Landauer principle in quantum statistical mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vojkan Jaksic; Claude-Alain Pillet

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Landauer principle asserts that the energy cost of erasure of one bit of information by the action of a thermal reservoir in equilibrium at temperature T is never less than $kTlog 2$. We discuss Landauer's principle for quantum statistical models describing a finite level quantum system S coupled to an infinitely extended thermal reservoir R. Using Araki's perturbation theory of KMS states and the Avron-Elgart adiabatic theorem we prove, under a natural ergodicity assumption on the joint system S+R, that Landauer's bound saturates for adiabatically switched interactions. The recent work of Reeb and Wolf on the subject is discussed and compared.

  9. as myofibers and cardiomyocytes, because these cells lack the proteins essential for homologous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    as myofibers and cardiomyocytes, because these cells lack the proteins essential for homologous in protein synthesis. The crystal structure of a bacterial translocation complex describes the b

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    electrolysis-water Current search Search found 1 item Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Remove Hydrogen & Fuel Cells filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    electrolysis-water Current search Search found 1 item Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Remove Hydrogen & Fuel Cells filter Energy Literacy Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Remove Hydrogen & Fuel Cells filter Solar Remove Solar filter Energy Literacy Principle 4 Remove Energy Literacy...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current search Search found 1 item Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Remove Hydrogen & Fuel Cells filter Solar Remove Solar filter Energy Literacy Principle 2 Remove Energy Literacy...

  14. Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

  15. Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathalie Deruelle

    2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Nordstrom's theory of gravity, which describes gravity by a scalar field in flat spacetime, is observationally ruled out. It is however the only theory of gravity with General Relativity to obey the strong equivalence principle. I show in this paper that this remarkable property is true beyond post-newtonian level and can be related to the existence of a 'Nordstrom-Katz' superpotential.

  16. The Equivalence Principle as a Probe for Higher Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul S. Wesson

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher-dimensional theories of the kind which may unify gravitation with particle physics can lead to significant modifications of general relativity. In five dimensions, the vacuum becomes non-standard, and the Weak Equivalence Principle becomes a geometrical symmetry which can be broken, perhaps at a level detectable by new tests in space.

  17. Simplex Algorithm Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Algorithm Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 8 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 8 Spring 2012 1 / 16 #12;Simplex Algorithm Standard Form Convert an LP problem with m 2012 2 / 16 #12;Simplex Algorithm Standard Form Convert an LP problem with m constraints into standard

  18. FIRST PRINCIPLES MODELING FOR LIDAR SENSING OF COMPLEX ICE SURFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerekes, John

    FIRST PRINCIPLES MODELING FOR LIDAR SENSING OF COMPLEX ICE SURFACES J. Kerekes, A. Goodenough, S of monitoring the dynamics and mass balance of glaciers, ice caps, and ice sheets. However, it is also known that ice surfaces can have complex 3-dimensional structure, which can challenge their accurate retrieval

  19. A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Amlan

    A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles PAUL A. FISHWICK many diverse areas employ simulation models, no agreed-upon taxonomy has been developed to categorize than the design structure of the model. We present a uniform model design taxonomy whose categories

  20. Sustainability principles of the Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Sustainability principles of the Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) energy policy: An opportunity Development Bank (ADB) energy projects to determine how they address the energy sector challenges facing) improving energy efficiency; (2) promoting renewable energy; (3) reducing energy poverty; and (4) enhancing

  1. A stochastic minimum principle and an adaptive pathwise algorithm for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electric power systems a b s t r a c t We present a numerical method for finite-horizon stochastic optimal control models. We derive a stochastic minimum principle (SMP) and then develop a numerical method based-parametric interpolation methods. We present results from a standard linear quadratic control model, and a realistic case

  2. SPH262: Principles of Environmental Health Sciences Unit Rationale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    SPH262: Principles of Environmental Health Sciences Fall 2010 CRN: 54018 Unit Rationale the environment is so broadly defined, the field of environmental health science is usually defined more, methods, and issues related to environmental health sciences. Programmatic learning objectives for UCD MPH

  3. Atomic Spectroscopy and the Correspondence Principle Frank Rioux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    .9979 10 8 m sec Bohr radius: ao 5.29177 10 11 m Conversion factors: pm 10 12 m aJ 10 18 joule Energy and energies. By fiat Bohr called these stationary states, because the orbiting (accelerating) electron did not radiate energy as required by classical electromagnetic principles. Initial speculation, however

  4. Organizational Design Principles and Techniques for Decision-Theoretic Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durfee, Edmund H.

    Organizational Design Principles and Techniques for Decision-Theoretic Agents Jason Sleight precisely into exactly which parts of an agent's model should be organizationally influenced, and asserts be sanctioned to influence. We present a formal framework for specifying factored organizational influences

  5. The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function Edmund T. Rolls Oxford Centre random spiking times of individual neurons produce a source of noise in the brain. The aim of this book is to consider the effects of this and other noise on brain pro- cessing. We show that in cortical networks

  6. The Transfer of Scientific Principles Using Concrete and Idealized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstone, Robert

    The Transfer of Scientific Principles Using Concrete and Idealized Simulations Robert L. Goldstone the first simulation was manipulated. The elements either remained concrete throughout the simulation, remained idealized, or switched midway into the simulation from concrete to idealized or vice versa

  7. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  8. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive call evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  9. Lightweight Security Principles for Distributed Multimedia Based Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    the application of multime- dia security principles for the protection of emerging distributed sensor networks and apply to DSN cybersecurity? To address this issue, we present the following contributions: 1 applications leading to a discussion of its potential role in emerging sensor network applications. 2

  10. COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates Derek A. Debe and William A studies have demonstrated that many small, single-domain proteins fold via simple two-state kinetics. We. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: protein folding; kinetics; diffusion; fold topology; nucleation

  11. Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial Monday, December 13 in a discussion of optimization? the classic example: photon counting in vision more examples, especially optimal there are notions of optimization ... #12;rhodopsin = organic pigment retinal covalently bound to (and enveloped by

  12. Superconducting Properties MgB 2 from First Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, E.K.U.

    Superconducting Properties MgB 2 from First Principles Floris, Profeta, Lathiotakis, 1 LuË?ders, 4 M, such very high superconducting transition temperature. Focusing on compound, report first nontrivial.25.Jb, 71.15.Mb, -- 74.70.Ad Understanding and predicting superconducting proper­ ties real materials

  13. Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 --Basic principles and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 -- Basic principles and applications Kees Wapenaar1 , Deyan Draganov1 , Roel Snieder2 , Xander Campman3 , and Arie Verdel3 ABSTRACT Seismic interferometry is the retrieval of seismic surface-wave responses from ambient noise and the subsequent tomographic determination

  14. Lung, Artificial: Basic Principles and Current Applications William J. Federspiel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federspiel, William J.

    Lung, Artificial: Basic Principles and Current Applications William J. Federspiel Kristie A. Henchir University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION Artificial lungs currently of the lung, which is to oxygenate the blood and remove carbon dioxide. Current artificial lungs are also

  15. TU Vienna Building Guidelines 1 Purpose and essential parts of the building guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    TU Vienna Building Guidelines § 1 Purpose and essential parts of the building guidelines § 2 Scope § 3 Responsibilities § 4 Access § 5 Opening times § 6 Use of buildings, rooms and facilities § 7 of infringement of the building guidelines § 1 Purpose and essential parts of the building guidelines (1

  16. 140/Journal of Essential Oil Research Vol. 22, March/April 2010 Menut et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    140/Journal of Essential Oil Research Vol. 22, March/April 2010 Menut et al. lene (10.B. Verlag, Hamburg, Germany (1998). 13. R.P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas.1­14.2%). The leaf oils, which were characterized by a high content of a-copaene (14.2% against 1.0% and 0

  17. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

  18. A Topological Interpretation of Mach's Principle in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas W. McLaughlin

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting from the Lovelock action and its supplementation by the relevant Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term, the curvature action corresponding to second-order General Relativity is stated in accordance to the topological properties of the space-time manifold $\\mathcal{M}$ with metric solutions being interpreted as topological solitons. Furthermore, this is shown to arise naturally from a topological interpretation of Mach's principle, with the appropriate manifestation of general covariance. Mach's principle is again invoked to suggest formulations of the curvature action in alternative elliptic complexes. The extent of these deviations from the curvature action as constructed in the first part of this paper are remarked upon in the context of contemporary modified theories of gravity.

  19. First-principles Approaches to Simulate Lithiation in Silicon Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qianfan; Wang, Enge

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicon is viewed as an excellent electrode material for lithium batteries due to its high lithium storage capacity. Various Si nano-structures, such as Si nanowires, have performed well as lithium battery anodes and have opened up exciting opportunities for the use of Si in energy storage devices. The mechanism of lithium insertion and the interaction between Li and the Si electrode must be understood at the atomic level; this understanding can be achieved by first-principles simulation. Here, first-principles computations of lithiation in silicon electrodes are reviewed. The review focuses on three aspects: the various properties of bulk Li-Si compounds with different Li concentrations, the electronic structure of Si nanowires and Li insertion behavior in Si nanowires, and the dynamic lithiation process at the Li/Si interface. Potential study directions in this research field and difficulties that the field still faces are discussed at the end.

  20. Predicting the Cosmological Constant from the Causal Entropic Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Perez, Gilad

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the expected value of the cosmological constant in our universe from the Causal Entropic Principle. Since observers must obey the laws of thermodynamics and causality, the principle asserts that physical parameters are most likely to be found in the range of values for which the total entropy production within a causally connected region is maximized. Despite the absence of more explicit anthropic criteria, the resulting probability distribution turns out to be in excellent agreement with observation. In particular, we find that dust heated by stars dominates the entropy production, demonstrating the remarkable power of this thermodynamic selection criterion. The alternative approach-weighting by the number of"observers per baryon" -- is less well-defined, requires problematic assumptions about the nature of observers, and yet prefers values larger than present experimental bounds.

  1. Noncommutative Common Cause Principles in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gábor Hofer-Szabó; Péter Vecsernyés

    2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    States in algebraic quantum field theory "typically" establish correlation between spacelike separated events. Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle, generalized to the quantum field theoretical setting, offers an apt tool to causally account for these superluminal correlations. In the paper we motivate first why commutativity between the common cause and the correlating events should be abandoned in the definition of the common cause. Then we show that the Noncommutative Weak Common Cause Principle holds in algebraic quantum field theory with locally finite degrees of freedom. Namely, for any pair of projections A, B supported in spacelike separated regions V_A and V_B, respectively, there is a local projection C not necessarily commuting with A and B such that C is supported within the union of the backward light cones of V_A and V_B and the set {C, non-C} screens off the correlation between A and B.

  2. Using NMR to Validate First-Principles Granular Flow Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Candela; C. Huan; K. Facto; R. Wang; R. W. Mair; R. L. Walsworth

    2005-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments are described for two granular-flow systems, the vibrofluidized bed and the gas-fluidized bed. Using pulsed field gradient, magnetic resonance imaging, and hyperpolarized gas NMR, detailed information is obtained for the density and motions of both grains and interstitial gas. For the vibrofluidized bed, the granular temperature profile is measured and compared with a first-principles formulation of granular hydrodynamics. For the gas-fluidized bed, dynamic correlations in the grain density are used to measure the bubble velocity and hyperpolarized xenon gas NMR is used to measure the bubble-emulsion exchange rate. A goal of these measurements is to verify in earth gravity first-principles theories of granular flows, which then can be used to make concrete predictions for granular flows in reduced gravity.

  3. Quantum maximum entropy principle for a system of identical particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trovato, M. [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Catania, Viale A. Doria, 95125 Catania (Italy); Reggiani, L. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell' Innovazione and CNISM, Universita del Salento, Via Arnesano s/n, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By introducing a functional of the reduced density matrix, we generalize the definition of a quantum entropy which incorporates the indistinguishability principle of a system of identical particles. With the present definition, the principle of quantum maximum entropy permits us to solve the closure problem for a quantum hydrodynamic set of balance equations corresponding to an arbitrary number of moments in the framework of extended thermodynamics. The determination of the reduced Wigner function for equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions is found to become possible only by assuming that the Lagrange multipliers can be expanded in powers of (Planck constant/2pi){sup 2}. Quantum contributions are expressed in powers of (Planck constant/2pi){sup 2} while classical results are recovered in the limit (Planck constant/2pi)->0.

  4. New agegraphic dark energy model with generalized uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Wan Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Yun Soo Myung; Mu-In Park

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the new agegraphic dark energy models with generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). It turns out that although the GUP affects the early universe, it does not change the current and future dark energy-dominated universe significantly. Furthermore, this model could describe the matter-dominated universe in the past only when the parameter $n$ is chosen to be $n>n_c$, where the critical value determined to be $n_c=2.799531478$.

  5. Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.

  6. Occam's Razor Cuts Away the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnicki, ?ukasz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I show that the maximum entropy principle can be replaced by a more natural assumption, that there exists a phenomenological function of entropy consistent with the microscopic model. The requirement of existence provides then a unique construction of the related probability density. I conclude the letter with an axiomatic formulation of the notion of entropy, which is suitable for exploration of the non-equilibrium phenomena.

  7. Some interesting consequences of the maximum entropy production principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martyushev, L. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Division (Russian Federation)], E-mail: mlm@ecko.uran.ru

    2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two nonequilibrium phase transitions (morphological and hydrodynamic) are analyzed by applying the maximum entropy production principle. Quantitative analysis is for the first time compared with experiment. Nonequilibrium crystallization of ice and laminar-turbulent flow transition in a circular pipe are examined as examples of morphological and hydrodynamic transitions, respectively. For the latter transition, a minimum critical Reynolds number of 1200 is predicted. A discussion of this important and interesting result is presented.

  8. Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kodama; T. Koide

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, which are unified naturally by the principle of maximum entropy. We show that this formulation is easily applicable to the quantization of scalar fields.

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 8 of 8 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 8 of 8 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 4 of 4 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Parents Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 5 of 5 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 5 of 5 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Parents Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Energy Literacy Videos New video series, Energy Literacy highlights the 7 Essential...

  7. Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Implications for Black Hole Complementarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pisin Chen; Yen Chin Ong; Dong-han Yeom

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    At the heart of the black hole information loss paradox and the firewall controversy lies the conflict between quantum mechanics and general relativity. Much has been said about quantum corrections to general relativity, but much less in the opposite direction. It is therefore crucial to examine possible corrections to quantum mechanics due to gravity. Indeed, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle is one profound feature of quantum mechanics, which nevertheless may receive correction when gravitational effects become important. Such generalized uncertainty principle [GUP] has been motivated from not only quite general considerations of quantum mechanics and gravity, but also string theoretic arguments. We examine the role of GUP in the context of black hole complementarity. We find that while complementarity can be violated by large N rescaling if one assumes only the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, the application of GUP may save complementarity, but only if certain N-dependence is also assumed. This raises two important questions beyond the scope of this work, i.e., whether GUP really has the proposed form of N-dependence, and whether black hole complementarity is indeed correct.

  8. Nonlocal Quantization Principle in Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Kober

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a nonlocal generalization of field quantization is suggested. This quantization principle presupposes the assumption that the commutator between a field operator an the operator of the canonical conjugated variable referring to other space-time points does not vanish as it is postulated in the usual setting of quantum field theory. Based on this presupposition the corresponding expressions for the field operators, the eigenstates and the path integral formula are determined. The nonlocal quantization principle also leads to a generalized propagator. If the dependence of the commutator between operators on different space-time points on the distance of these points is assumed to be described by a Gaussian function, one obtains that the propagator is damped by an exponential. This leads to a disappearance of UV divergences. The transfer of the nonlocal quantization principle to canonical quantum gravity is considered as well. In this case the commutator has to be assumed to depend also on the gravitational field, since the distance between two points depends on the metric field.

  9. The role that Carbon Conversations, as a model of deliberative workshops, can play in increasing carbon literacy with a group of low-income social housing tenants living in Glasgow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fifield, Shivali

    2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the role that Carbon Conversations, as an example of deliberative workshops, can play in increasing carbon literacy among a group of low-income social housing tenants living in Glasgow. With some adaptations, Carbon...

  10. Design principles for the development of space technology maturation laboratories aboard the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saenz Otero, Alvar, 1975-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis formulates seven design principles for the development of laboratories which utilize the International Space Station (ISS) to demonstrate the maturation of space technologies. The principles are derived from ...

  11. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Abstract: Periodic density...

  12. Opportunities and challenges for first-principles materials design and applications to Li battery materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    The idea of first-principles methods is to determine the properties of materials by solving the basic equations of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. With such an approach, one can, in principle, predict the ...

  13. Design Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Design Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Temperature by Daniel Sean decade, active magnetic regenerative (AMR) refrigeration technology has progressed towards commercial

  14. Science literacy programs for K-12 teachers, public officials, news media and the public. Final report, 1994--1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On 12 July 94, The Institute for Science and Society received the above titled grant for $300,000 with an additional $323,000 awarded 14 August 95. The Institute completed the programs provided by the Department of Energy grant on 28 February 97. These programs for teachers, public officials, news media and the public will continue through 31 December 97 with funding from other sources. The Institute is a non-profit 501-c-3 corporation. It was organized {open_quotes}... to help increase science literacy in all segments of the population and contribute to a more rational atmosphere than now exists for the public consideration of societal issues involving science and technology, both regional and national.{close_quotes} Institute personnel include the Honorable Mike McCormack, Director; Joan Harris, Associate Director; Kim Freier, Ed.D, Program Manager; and Sharon Hunt, Executive Secretary.

  15. Hawking temperature for various kinds of black holes from Heisenberg uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabio Scardigli

    2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Hawking temperature is computed for a large class of black holes (with spherical, toroidal and hyperboloidal topologies) using only laws of classical physics plus the "classical" Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. This principle is shown to be fully sufficient to get the result, and there is no need to this scope of a Generalized Uncertainty Principle.

  16. 02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzwarth, Natalie

    02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials in All Abdessadek Lachgar. #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 2 Outline What is meant by "first principles/electrode interfaces Remaining challenges #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 3 What is meant by "first principles

  17. THE TAME-WILD PRINCIPLE FOR DISCRIMINANT RELATIONS FOR NUMBER FIELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, David P.

    THE TAME-WILD PRINCIPLE FOR DISCRIMINANT RELATIONS FOR NUMBER FIELDS JOHN W. JONES AND DAVID P, these divisibility relations continue to hold even in the presence of wild ramification. 1. Overview Let G that the tame- wild principle holds for (G, 1, . . . , r). Our terminology "tame-wild principle" is intended

  18. Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian

    Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3 Receptor Ca2+ Transfer in main- taining cellular bioenergetics. Macroautophagy provides eukaryotes with an adaptive response+ is fundamentally required to provide optimal bioenergetics by providing sufficient reducing equiv- alents

  19. CONTINUOUS MONITORING OF INFORMATION SECURITY: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONTINUOUS MONITORING OF INFORMATION SECURITY: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute) security, and the assurance of the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information

  20. PSD-95 Is Essential for Hallucinogen and Atypical Antipsychotic Drug Actions at Serotonin Receptors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, S G N; Arbuckle, M I; Abbas, A I; Yadav, P N; Yao, W D; Caron, M G; Roth, B L

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here, we report that postsynaptic density protein of 95 kDa (PSD-95), a postsynaptic density scaffolding protein, classically conceptualized as being essential for the regulation of ionotropic glutamatergic signaling at ...

  1. Increasing Child Compliance with Essential Healthcare Routines: Acquisition, Maintenance, and Generalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Kelley Lynne Attix

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    be effective and by assessing whether the effects of compliance training in an analogue setting will generalize to the actual healthcare setting. Keywords: demand fading, differential reinforcement, essential healthcare routines, compliance, problem behavior...

  2. Environmental Literacy and Sustainability Values: A Content Analysis of National EE Frameworks and State Standards through the Lens of the Earth Charter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singleton, Julie

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    of the findings from these three methods showed that state standards and national guidelines adequately address ecological integrity principles, but not environmental justice principles associated with flourishing, sustainable communities. The North American...

  3. On the energy-time uncertainty principle A didactical note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giribet, G

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brief note has the didactical purpose of discussing the meaning of the uncertainty principle involving energy and time in quantum mechanics by means of a review of the seminal works on this subject. The importance of this topic is, indeed, frequently neglected in several textbooks on quantum mechanics. Then, these pages are addressed to students attenting to an undergraduate course on quantum theory; and the original aim is that of presenting a list of references of the points that take part in the principal discussions on the subject. Special attention is devoted to the discussion of the fallacies, which are certainly persistent in the didactical literature.

  4. Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Silenko; O. V. Teryaev

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the possibility of experimental testing the manifestations of equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron EDM and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to the terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron EDM experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments on a search for axionlike particles.

  5. Quantum bath refrigeration towards absolute zero: unattainability principle challenged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Kolá?; David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky; Robert Alicki; Gershon Kurizki

    2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A minimal model of a quantum refrigerator (QR), i.e. a periodically phase-flipped two-level system permanently coupled to a finite-capacity bath (cold bath) and an infinite heat dump (hot bath), is introduced and used to investigate the cooling of the cold bath towards the absolute zero (T=0). Remarkably, the temperature scaling of the cold-bath cooling rate reveals that it does not vanish as T->0 for certain realistic quantized baths, e.g. phonons in strongly disordered media (fractons) or quantized spin-waves in ferromagnets (magnons). This result challenges Nernst's third-law formulation known as the unattainability principle.

  6. Fermion Masses and Mixings from a Minimum Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigo Alonso

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $\\left[U(3)\\right]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one mixing angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and one maximal relative Majorana phase. The scheme presented here could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay and cosmological measurements.

  7. Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF): Principles, Status, and International Collaboration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, R.C.

    1998-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetized target fusion (MTF) is an approach to thermonuclear fusion that is intermediate between the two extremes of inertial and magnetic confinement. Target plasma preparation is followed by compression to fusion conditions. The use of a magnetic field to reduce electron thermal conduction and potentially enhance DT alpha energy deposition allows the compression rate to be drastically reduced relative to that for inertial confinement fusion. This leads to compact systems with target driver power and intensity requirements that are orders of magnitude lower than for ICF. A liner on plasma experiment has been proposed to provide a firm proof of principle for MTF.

  8. Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Zandof EnergyTwo PhaseTwo Principles For

  9. General proof of entropy principle in Einstein-Maxwell theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Xiongjun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a static self-gravitating charged perfect fluid system in the Einstein-Maxwell theory. Assume Maxwell's equation and the Einstein constraint equation are satisfied, and the temperature of the fluid obeys Tolman's law. Then we prove that the total entropy of the fluid achieves an extremum implies other components of Einstein's equation for any variations of metric and electrical potential with fixed boundary values. Conversely, if Einstein's equation and Maxwell's equations hold, the total entropy achieves an extremum. Our work suggests that the maximum entropy principle is consistent with Einstein's equation when electric field is taken into account.

  10. Supervisory Essentials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Registration link:  CHRIS  002072/0038 $800.00Course Type:  ClassroomCourse Location: GTN A-410Course Description:  This course is designed to assist new first-line supervisors in developing the...

  11. Mole Essentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    For the most sophisticated mole, rub both purees through a fine strainer and discard the residue. (3) Thickeners 1 small ripe plantain (the skin will be black) (1

  12. Investigating academic performance between Hispanic pre-kindergarten students enrolled and not enrolled in a structured literacy program in selected elementary schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerra, Veronica Fanelle

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    told me that by obtaining a Ph.D. that doors would open and opportunity would arise. To Ms. Severita Sanchez, for helping stay the course, driving up to College Station in the middle of the night, and always reminding me of the timelines... in the structured literacy program at Alma Pierce Elementary, D. D. Hachar Elementary, J. A. Kawas Elementary, H. Ligarde Elementary, J. C. Martin Elementary, Sanchez-Ochoa Elementary and H. B. Zachry Elementary from Laredo Independent School District. Non...

  13. Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale Boggs

    2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment provides precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. In particular, time series of highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information that determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Analyses of precise laser ranges to the Moon continue to provide increasingly stringent limits on any violation of the EP. Current LLR solutions give (-0.8 +/- 1.3) x 10^{-13} for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, (m_G/m_I)_E - (m_G/m_I)_M. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches to solutions. Additional high accuracy ranges and improvements in the LLR data analysis model will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  14. Variational principles with Padé approximants for tearing mode analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Andrew J. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Finn, John M. [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tearing modes occur in several distinct physical regimes, and it is often important to compute the inner layer response for these modes with various effects. There is a need for an approximate and efficient method of solving the inner layer equations in all these regimes. In this paper, we introduce a method of solving the inner layer equations based on using a variational principle with Padé approximants. For all the regimes considered, the main layer equations to be solved are inhomogeneous, and Padé approximants give a convenient and efficient method of satisfying the correct asymptotic behavior at the edge of the layer. Results using this variational principle—Padé approximant method in three of these regimes is presented. These regimes are the constant-? resistive-inertial (RI) regime, the constant-? viscoresistive regime, and the non-constant-? inviscid tearing regime. The last regime includes the constant-? RI regime and the inertial regime. The results show that reasonable accuracy can be obtained very efficiently with Padé approximants having a small number of parameters.

  15. Noncommutative Common Cause Principles in algebraic quantum field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hofer-Szabo, Gabor [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary)] [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary); Vecsernyes, Peter [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)] [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    States in algebraic quantum field theory 'typically' establish correlation between spacelike separated events. Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle, generalized to the quantum field theoretical setting, offers an apt tool to causally account for these superluminal correlations. In the paper we motivate first why commutativity between the common cause and the correlating events should be abandoned in the definition of the common cause. Then we show that the Noncommutative Weak Common Cause Principle holds in algebraic quantum field theory with locally finite degrees of freedom. Namely, for any pair of projections A, B supported in spacelike separated regions V{sub A} and V{sub B}, respectively, there is a local projection C not necessarily commuting with A and B such that C is supported within the union of the backward light cones of V{sub A} and V{sub B} and the set {l_brace}C, C{sup Up-Tack }{r_brace} screens off the correlation between A and B.

  16. Carbon-rich icosahedral boron carbide designed from first principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, Antoine; Vast, Nathalie; Sjakste, Jelena; Duparc, Olivier Hardouin [Ecole Polytechnique, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, CEA-DSM-IRAMIS, CNRS UMR 7642, F-91120 Palaiseau (France)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The carbon-rich boron-carbide (B{sub 11}C)C-C has been designed from first principles within the density functional theory. With respect to the most common boron carbide at 20% carbon concentration B{sub 4}C, the structural modification consists in removing boron atoms from the chains linking (B{sub 11}C) icosahedra. With C-C instead of C-B-C chains, the formation of vacancies is shown to be hindered, leading to enhanced mechanical strength with respect to B{sub 4}C. The phonon frequencies and elastic constants turn out to prove the stability of the carbon-rich phase, and important fingerprints for its characterization have been identified.

  17. Elastic properties of superconducting MAX phases from first principles calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. R. Shein; A. L. Ivanovskii

    2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Using first-principles density functional calculations, a systematic study on the elastic properties for all known superconducting MAX phases (Nb2SC, Nb2SnC, Nb2AsC, Nb2InC, Mo2GaC and Ti2InC) was performed. As a result, the optimized lattice parameters, independent elastic constants, indicators of elastic anisotropy and brittle/ductile behavior as well as the so-called machinability indexis were calculated. We derived also bulk and shear moduli, Young's moduli, and Poisson's ratio for ideal polycrystalline MAX aggregates. The results obtained were discussed in comparison with available theoretical and experimental data and elastic parameters for other layered superconductors.

  18. Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

  19. Neutrino Mixing and Masses from a Minimum Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, R; Isidori, G; Maiani, L

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $[SU(3)]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and precise values for the two Majorana phases. Adding small perturbations the predicted structure for the neutrino mass matrix is in excellent agreement with present observations and could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay. The generalization of these results to arbitrary sew-saw models is also discussed.

  20. Application of ALARA principles to shipment of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenborg, J.; Brackenbush, L.W.; Murphy, D.W. Burnett, R.A.; Lewis, J.R.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The public exposure from spent fuel shipment is very low. In view of this low exposure and the perfect safety record for spent fuel shipment, existing systems can be considered satisfactory. On the other hand, occupational exposure reduction merits consideration and technology improvement to decrease dose should concentrate on this exposure. Practices that affect the age of spent fuel in shipment and the number of times the fuel must be shipped prior to disposal have the largest impact. A policy to encourage a 5-year spent fuel cooling period prior to shipment coupled with appropriate cask redesign to accommodate larger loads would be consistent with ALARA and economic principles. And finally, bypassing high population density areas will not in general reduce shipment dose.

  1. Predicting the Cosmological Constant from the CausalEntropic Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Perez, Gilad

    2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the expected value of the cosmological constant in our universe from the Causal Entropic Principle. Since observers must obey the laws of thermodynamics and causality, it asserts that physical parameters are most likely to be found in the range of values for which the total entropy production within a causally connected region is maximized. Despite the absence of more explicit anthropic criteria, the resulting probability distribution turns out to be in excellent agreement with observation. In particular, we find that dust heated by stars dominates the entropy production, demonstrating the remarkable power of this thermodynamic selection criterion. The alternative approach--weighting by the number of ''observers per baryon''--is less well-defined, requires problematic assumptions about the nature of observers, and yet prefers values larger than present experimental bounds.

  2. Variational Principles for Constrained Electromagnetic Field and Papapetrou Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Muminov

    2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In our previous article [4] an approach to derive Papapetrou equations for constrained electromagnetic field was demonstrated by use of field variational principles. The aim of current work is to present more universal technique of deduction of the equations which could be applied to another types of non-scalar fields. It is based on Noether theorem formulated in terms of Cartan' formalism of orthonormal frames. Under infinitesimal coordinate transformation the one leads to equation which includes volume force of spin-gravitational interaction. Papapetrou equation for vector of propagation of the wave is derived on base of the equation. Such manner of deduction allows to formulate more accurately the constraints and clarify equations for the potential and for spin.

  3. First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souvatzis, Petros

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible ex- tended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) costruction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dy- namics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents an ideal starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents ...

  4. Separation of carbon dioxide from flue emissions using Endex principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an Endex reactor endothermic and exothermic reactions are directly thermally coupled and kinetically matched to achieve intrinsic thermal stability, efficient conversion, autothermal operation, and minimal heat losses. Applied to the problem of in-line carbon dioxide separation from flue gas, Endex principles hold out the promise of effecting a carbon dioxide capture technology of unprecedented economic viability. In this work we describe an Endex Calcium Looping reactor, in which heat released by chemisorption of carbon dioxide onto calcium oxide is used directly to drive the reverse reaction, yielding a pure stream of carbon dioxide for compression and geosequestration. In this initial study we model the proposed reactor as a continuous-flow dynamical system in the well-stirred limit, compute the steady states and analyse their stability properties over the operating parameter space, flag potential design and operational challenges, and suggest an optimum regime for effective operation.

  5. On the Equivalence Principle and Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trzetrzelewski, Maciej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider an observer surrounded by a charged, conducting elevator (assume that the charge is isolated from the observer). In the presence of the external electric field the elevator will accelerate however, due to the screening effect, the observer will not be able to detect any electromagnetic field. According to the equivalence principle, the observer may identify the cause of the acceleration with the external gravitational field. However the elevator's motion is given by Lorentz-force equation. Therefore there should exist a metric, depending on electromagnetic potential, for which the geodesics coincide with the trajectories of the charged body in the electromagnetic field. We give a solution to this problem by finding such metric. In doing so one must impose a constraint on the electromagnetic field in a certain way. That constraint turns out to be achievable by marginal gauge transformations whose phase is closely related to the Hamilton-Jacobi function. Finally we show that for weak fields the Einstei...

  6. The Principle of Least Action and Clustering in Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikel Susperregi; James Binney

    1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A scheme is developed which enables one to trace backwards in time the cosmic density and velocity fields, and to determine accurately the current-epoch velocity field from the current-epoch density field, or vice versa. The scheme implements the idea of Giavalisco \\etal\\ (1993) that the principle of least action should be used to formulate gravitational instability as a two-point boundary-value problem. We argue that the Eulerian formulation of the problem is to be preferred to the Lagrangian one, on grounds of computational simplicity, of ease of interfacing with observational data, and of internal consistency at early times. The scheme is successfully tested on an exact solution in one dimension, and on currently Gaussian fields in one and two dimensions. The application of the scheme to real observational data appears to be eminently feasible, though computationally costly.

  7. Derivation of Field Equations from the Principle of the Fermionic Projector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felix Finster

    1996-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    With the concept of "discrete space-time" the space-time continuum is resolved into discrete points at the scale of the Planck length. We postulate with the "principle of the fermionic projector" that physical equations must be formulated intrinsically in discrete space-time with the projector on fermionic states. This principle combines the Pauli principle, a local gauge principle and the principle of relativity, but does not include a locality or causality principle. It is shown that a well-established limit yields the structure of a Lorentzian manifold. The equations of discrete space-time reduce to classical field equations. This preliminary text is intended as introduction. Detailed calculations can be obtained from the author on request.

  8. BIM Principles to Practice: Using BIM to Create a New Model for Producing Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naugle, Nicholas D.

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    BIM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE: USING BIM TO CREATE A NEW MODEL FOR PRODUCING ANIMATION A Thesis by NICHOLAS D. NAUGLE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2011 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences i BIM Principles to Practice: Using BIM to Create a New Model for Producing Animation Copyright Nicholas D. Naugle 2011 xiv BIM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE: USING BIM TO CREATE A NEW...

  9. Another algebraic variational principle for the spectral curve of matrix models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Eynard

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an alternative variational principle whose critical point is the algebraic plane curve associated to a matrix model (the spectral curve, i.e. the large $N$ limit of the resolvent). More generally, we consider a variational principle that is equivalent to the problem of finding a plane curve with given asymptotics and given cycle integrals. This variational principle is not given by extremization of the energy, but by the extremization of an "entropy".

  10. [Last updated 6-4-13] Recommended Criteria and Essential Learning Outcomes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    focus, with a minimum of 25 hours of project-based community engagement by each student in the course. 2 for All Service-Learning Courses 1) Include assessment criteria for student learning as well as assessment[Last updated 6-4-13] Recommended Criteria and Essential Learning Outcomes for Service-Learning

  11. Lee H. MacDonald often coupled with modeling-is essential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    the allocation of funds among management alternatives; increase our understanding of the systems being monitored with water quality standards and the effects of management activities on water quality (J, 4, 5). If water- proach. ~s, monitoring is essential to re- sponsible, effective, and efficient resource management

  12. Building Our Skills Inside and Out Block play is an essential part of our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    BLOCK PLAY Building Our Skills Inside and Out #12;Block play is an essential part of our curriculum and gain a deeper understanding of math concepts by building towers, bridges and buildings. #12;Math in Block Play As children's ideas and building skills grow more complex, designs and patterns emerge. #12

  13. 1. BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES For geological carbon sequestration, it is essential to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1. BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES · For geological carbon sequestration, it is essential to understand Material Characterization for Intermediate-scale Testing to Develop Strategies for Geologic Sequestration to generate comprehensive data sets. Due to the nature of the CO2 geological sequestration where supercritical

  14. The Platform Protein Is Essential for Type IV Pilus Biogenesis*S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burrows, Lori

    , University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada Background: The platform protein PilC and of PilC in a retraction-deficient background abolished assembly. C-terminal mutations were permissive for assembly but not twitching motility. Conclusion: PilC is essential for pilus biogenesis and twitching

  15. Modeling the essential atomistic influence in the phase transformation dynamics of shape memory materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melnik, Roderick

    Modeling the essential atomistic influence in the phase transformation dynamics of shape memory of multivariant phase transformation in shape memory alloy has been developed. This paper is focused on linking Shape memory effects in alloys are observed due to the existence of large differences in the variants

  16. MicroRNA-Directed Regulation of Arabidopsis AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR17 Is Essential for Proper Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartel, David

    MicroRNA-Directed Regulation of Arabidopsis AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR17 Is Essential for Proper,a,b,1 and Bonnie Bartelc,1 a Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 b Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 c

  17. Abstract--Electric energy transmission is essential for the operation of competitive energy markets. Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    TECHNIQUES Meta-heuristic techniques are a hybrid version of classical and heuristic optimization. Basically1 Abstract-- Electric energy transmission is essential for the operation of competitive energy markets. Transmission expansion planning has been defined as a complex combinatorial optimization problem

  18. Fogler Library Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching, research, and service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Fogler Library Mission Fogler Library provides access to information essential to teaching of Fogler Library is to identify and provide the information and library resources needed by members; to instruct and assist in the use of library resources and services; to share in the development

  19. Nucleic Acid Conformational Changes Essential for HIV-1 Nucleocapsid Protein-mediated Inhibition of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Judith G.

    and a TAR-containing acceptor RNA molecule, we find that when both nucleic acids are present, NC facilitatesNucleic Acid Conformational Changes Essential for HIV-1 Nucleocapsid Protein-mediated Inhibition) is a nucleic acid chaperone protein that has been shown to greatly facilitate the nucleic acid rearrangements

  20. Single-molecule enzymology of RNA: Essential functional groups impact catalysis from a distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Nils G.

    Single-molecule enzymology of RNA: Essential functional groups impact catalysis from a distance the site of catalysis have on the individual rate constants. We find that all ribozyme variants show rate constants. This leads to heterogeneous cleavage activity as com- monly observed for RNA enzymes

  1. Secure Pesticide Storage: Essential Structural Features of a Storage Building1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    PI30 Secure Pesticide Storage: Essential Structural Features of a Storage Building1 Thomas W. Dean2 be present in any building constructed for pesticide storage. Introduction The main job of a pesticide storage facility is to suitably house and protect packages of pesticide. To do this in Florida

  2. Abstract-Homing and navigation capabilities are essential for many Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract- Homing and navigation capabilities are essential for many Autonomous Underwater Vehicle's position in the vehicle frame. In order to triangulate his position, the AUV need to maneuver while an initial estimate of the vehicle's location with respect to a fixed or moving beacon. These initials

  3. Tomato tos1 mutation identifies a gene essential for osmotic tolerance and abscisic acid sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Málaga, Universidad de

    Tomato tos1 mutation identifies a gene essential for osmotic tolerance and abscisic acid a novel mutant in tomato (tos1) caused by a single recessive nuclear mutation that is hypersensitive to general osmotic stress. Growth measurements demonstrated that the tos1 mutant is less sensitive

  4. Why Do Hubs in the Yeast Protein Interaction Network Tend To Be Essential: Reexamining the Connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    National Center of Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health were supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH and the National Library of Medicine. DPO for the centrality-lethality rule, one relating the essentiality of hubs to their role in the overall network

  5. Nitrogen management is essential to prevent tropical oil palm plantations from causing ground-level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the assumption that palm oil is an ``environmentally friendly'' fuel feedstock. Here we show, using measurementsNitrogen management is essential to prevent tropical oil palm plantations from causing ground the Industrial Revolution. Among the most widespread trop- ical crops is oil palm (Elaeis guineensis): global

  6. Transforming commercial aerospace supply chain management practices by utilizing Toyota production system principles, practices, and methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patneaude, Steven M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines The Toyota Motor Corporation's core precepts, management principles, supply chain architecture, product development methods, leveraged practice of supplier partnerships and procurement practices, all ...

  7. Microsoft Word - LAP REC Principles - FINAL 2010-08-02.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2010 1 Loveland Area Projects (LAP) Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Program Principles 1. All customers that receive LAP Firm Electric Service (FES) allocations and take delivery...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about first principles calculations...

  9. Link between K-absorption edges and thermodynamic properties of warm-dense plasmas established by improved first-principles method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shen; Kang, Wei; Zhang, Ping; He, Xian-Tu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A precise calculation that translates shifts of X-ray K-absorption edges to variations of thermodynamic properties allows quantitative characterization of interior thermodynamic properties of warm dense plasmas by X-ray absorption techniques, which provides essential information for inertial confinement fusion and other astrophysical applications. We show that this interpretation can be achieved through an improved first-principles method. Our calculation shows that the shift of K-edges exhibits selective sensitivity to thermal parameters and thus would be a suitable temperature index to warm dense plasmas. We also show with a simple model that the shift of K-edges can be used to detect inhomogeneity inside warm dense plasmas when combined with other experimental tools.

  10. Cartan gravity, matter fields, and the gauge principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westman, Hans F., E-mail: hwestman74@gmail.com [Imperial College Theoretical Physics, Huxley Building, London, SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Zlosnik, Tom G., E-mail: t.zlosnik@imperial.ac.uk [Instituto de Física Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 113-B, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity is commonly thought of as one of the four force fields in nature. However, in standard formulations its mathematical structure is rather different from the Yang–Mills fields of particle physics that govern the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions. This paper explores this dissonance with particular focus on how gravity couples to matter from the perspective of the Cartan-geometric formulation of gravity. There the gravitational field is represented by a pair of variables: (1) a ‘contact vector’ V{sup A} which is geometrically visualized as the contact point between the spacetime manifold and a model spacetime being ‘rolled’ on top of it, and (2) a gauge connection A{sub ?}{sup AB}, here taken to be valued in the Lie algebra of SO(2,3) or SO(1,4), which mathematically determines how much the model spacetime is rotated when rolled. By insisting on two principles, the gauge principle and polynomial simplicity, we shall show how one can reformulate matter field actions in a way that is harmonious with Cartan’s geometric construction. This yields a formulation of all matter fields in terms of first order partial differential equations. We show in detail how the standard second order formulation can be recovered. In particular, the Hodge dual, which characterizes the structure of bosonic field equations, pops up automatically. Furthermore, the energy–momentum and spin-density three-forms are naturally combined into a single object here denoted the spin-energy–momentum three-form. Finally, we highlight a peculiarity in the mathematical structure of our first-order formulation of Yang–Mills fields. This suggests a way to unify a U(1) gauge field with gravity into a SO(1,5)-valued gauge field using a natural generalization of Cartan geometry in which the larger symmetry group is spontaneously broken down to SO(1,3)×U(1). The coupling of this unified theory to matter fields and possible extensions to non-Abelian gauge fields are left as open questions. -- Highlights: •Develops Cartan gravity to include matter fields. •Coupling to gravity is done using the standard gauge prescription. •Matter actions are manifestly polynomial in all field variables. •Standard equations recovered on-shell for scalar, spinor and Yang–Mills fields. •Unification of a U(1) field with gravity based on the orthogonal group SO(1,5)

  11. Proof-of-principle experiments of laser Wakefield acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakajima, K.; Kawakubo, T.; Nakanishi, H. [National Lab. for Higher Energy Physics, Ibaraki (Japan)] [and others

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been a great interest in laser-plasma accelerators as possible next-generation particle accelerators because of their potential for ultra high accelerating gradients and compact size compared with conventional accelerators. It is known that the laser pulse is capable of exciting a plasma wave propagating at a phase velocity close to the velocity of light by means of beating two-frequency lasers or an ultra short laser pulse. These schemes came to be known as the Beat Wave Accelerator (BWA) for beating lasers or as the Laser Wakefield Accelerator (LWFA) for a short pulse laser. In this paper, the principle of laser wakefield particle acceleration has been tested by the Nd:glass laser system providing a short pulse with a power of 10 TW and a duration of 1 ps. Electrons accelerated up to 18 MeV/c have been observed by injecting 1 MeV/c electrons emitted from a solid target by an intense laser impact. The accelerating field gradient of 30 GeV/m is inferred.

  12. Thermal conductivity of silicene from first-principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Han; Bao, Hua, E-mail: hum@ghi.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: hua.bao@sjtu.edu.cn [University of Michigan–Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Hu, Ming, E-mail: hum@ghi.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: hua.bao@sjtu.edu.cn [Institute of Mineral Engineering, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Georesources and Materials Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 52064 (Germany); Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Science (AICES), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 52062 (Germany)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicene, as a graphene-like two-dimensional material, now receives exceptional attention of a wide community of scientists and engineers beyond graphene. Despite extensive study on its electric property, little research has been done to accurately calculate the phonon transport of silicene so far. In this paper, thermal conductivity of monolayer silicene is predicted from first-principles method. At 300?K, the thermal conductivity of monolayer silicene is found to be 9.4?W/mK and much smaller than bulk silicon. The contributions from in-plane and out-of-plane vibrations to thermal conductivity are quantified, and the out-of-plane vibration contributes less than 10% of the overall thermal conductivity, which is different from the results of the similar studies on graphene. The difference is explained by the presence of small buckling, which breaks the reflectional symmetry of the structure. The flexural modes are thus not purely out-of-plane vibration and have strong scattering with other modes.

  13. First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souvatzis, Petros, E-mail: petros.souvatsiz@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden); Niklasson, Anders M. N., E-mail: amn@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [A. M. N. Niklasson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) construction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dynamics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents a natural starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents a flexible theoretical framework for a broad and general class of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.

  14. TRiPoD (Temporal Relationalism incorporating Principles of Dynamics)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Anderson

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Temporal Relationalism is that there is no time for the universe as a whole at the primary level. Time emerges rather at a secondary level; one compelling idea for this is Mach's: that time is to be abstracted from change. Temporal Relationalism leads to, and better explains, the well-known Frozen Formalism Problem encountered in GR and other background-independent theories at the quantum level. Abstraction from change is then a type of emergent time resolution of this. Moreover, the Frozen Formalism Problem is but one of the many Problem of Time facets, which are notoriously interconnected. The current article concerns modifications of physical formalism which ensure that once Temporal Relationalism is resolved, it stays incorporated. At the classical level, this involves modifying much of the Principles of Dynamics. I first introduce the anti-Routhian to complete the Legendre square of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and Routhian. I next pass from velocities $\\dot{Q}\\mbox{}^{A}$ to changes d$Q^{A}$. Then Lagrangians are supplanted by Jacobi arc elements, Euler--Lagrange equations by Jacobi--Mach ones, and momentum requires redefining but actions remain unchanged. A differential (d) version of the Hamiltonian is required, giving rise to a variant of the Dirac approach based on a d-almost Hamiltonian subcase of the d-anti Routhian. On the other hand, the forms of the constraints themselves, and of Hamilton--Jacobi theory, remain unaltered.

  15. Principles for the Design of Auditory Interfaces to Present Complex Information to Blind People

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Robert

    Principles for the Design of Auditory Interfaces to Present Complex Information to Blind People Computer Interaction Group, The Department of Computer Science. January 1996 #12;Abstract This thesis proposes a set of principles to aid the design of user interfaces that enable blind users to read complex

  16. Design Principles for the Information Architecture of a SMET Education Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Design Principles for the Information Architecture of a SMET Education Digital Library Andy Dong digital library, principles that address the distinction between designing digital libraries for education and designing digital libraries for information retrieval in general. Design is a key element of any successful

  17. Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wayne

    Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1-dependent interactions cause apparent equivalence principle vi- olations. In the weakly-screened regime violations can [17­23]. In these models, all bodies accelerate equivalently in the total field of the fifth force

  18. Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form Math 364: Principles Spring 2012 Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lectures 14-15 Spring 2012 1 / 24 #12;Simplex, Lectures 14-15 Spring 2012 2 / 24 #12;Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form

  19. Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallstrom, Jason

    Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory Svetlana V of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory SVETLANA V. DRACHOVA, Limestone College JASON O. It presents a comprehensive Reasoning Concept Inventory (RCI) that captures the finer details of basic skills

  20. Emotional Valence and the Free-Energy Principle Mateus Joffily1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Emotional Valence and the Free-Energy Principle Mateus Joffily1,2 *, Giorgio Coricelli1,2,3 1 of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America Abstract The free-energy principle a definition of emotional valence in terms of the negative rate of change of free-energy over time