National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for liter mv millivolt

  1. Scrambled Elements Literate Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pike, Robert D.

    14 E C R U 37 A L E 57 I C E 77 R E N T © Literate Software Systems ACROSS 1. Relaxation locale 4. Fat-cleaving enzyme 67. "No man is an island" poet 69. Yearn 70. Scrambled element #44 74. Kind

  2. UTS: Library Developing the information literate person

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    of subject content to relevant information sources. Case Study 1 - Undergraduate Subject: EconomicsUTS: Library Developing the information literate person: UTS Case Studies 2005 Update Developing the information literate person: UTS Case Studies (2005 Update) 1 #12;Developing the information literate person

  3. Turbocharging the Chrysler 2. 2 liter engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, F.E.; Rinschler, G.L.

    1984-01-01

    A new turbocharged 2.2 liter engine has been developed by Chrysler Corporation. It is derived from the Chrysler 2.2 liter naturally aspirated four cylinder powerplant. A number of new and redesigned components were required to yield a durable, high performance.

  4. 2000-Liter-Gesellschaft --Entwicklungschance fr Nord und Sd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    2000-Liter-Gesellschaft -- Entwicklungschance für Nord und Süd Die Schweizerische Umweltstiftung initiiert die Real-Vision der 2000-Liter- Gesellschaft um den Wasserverbrauch von weltweit rund 4'000 Litern pro Person und Tag auf 2'000 Liter zu reduzieren. Die 2000-Liter-Gesellschaft ist das

  5. New 11 liter Komatsu diesel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mizusawa, M.; Tanosaki, T.; Kawase, M.; Oguchi, T.

    1984-01-01

    New 6 cylinder direct injection 11 liter diesel engines which have naturally aspirated, turbocharged, and turbocharged-aftercooled versions have been developed and moved in production at the end of 1983. The highest output of the turbocharged-aftercooled version is 276 kW (375 ps) at 2200 RPM. Based on Komatsu new technologies 125 mm bore diesel has been designed to meet the users' demands, such as compact in size, light in weight, extremely high performance, high reliability and durability. The turbocharged and turbocharged-aftercooled engines are characterized by the adoption of the ductile cast iron piston which is the first application into the high speed, four cycle diesels in production in the world, and which was enabled by Komatsu design and precision casting technologies. This paper also covers the other design aspects and performance characteristics.

  6. T-686: IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal Java Double Literal Denial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    password) PLATFORM: Tivoli versions prior to 1.1.1.15. ABSTRACT: IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal Java Double Literal Denial of Service Vulnerability. reference LINKS: IBM ID: 1508061...

  7. FEMP Seeking Public Comment on Draft M&V Guidelines

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP is continuing its request for public comments on the Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Performance-Based Contracts (Version 4.0).

  8. Literate Programming in C The CWEB System of Structured Software Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Marc

    Literate Programming in C The CWEB System of CWEB, a system* * that supports the concept of "literate programming" for programs written, CWEBis not a complicated system, and * *just a few simple commands suffice for practical programming

  9. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume 1, April 2007. M&V Guidelines 3.0 FEMP ii Contents Section Page Section...

  10. State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.

  11. Simplified VO M&V Protocol Simplified Voltage Optimization (VO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    modeling is mentioned, it refers to using industry accepted distribution system power flow simulation tools the verification process. · Calculations of all system improvements (reduction of line losses and no-load lossesSimplified VO M&V Protocol 1 Simplified Voltage Optimization (VO) Measurement and Verification

  12. COMMISSIONING AND OPERATION OF THE CEBAF 100 MV CRYOMODULES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, Trent; Davis, G; Drury, Michael; Harwood, Leigh; Hogan, John; Kimber, Andrew; Lahti, George; Merz, William; Nelson, Richard; Plawski, Tomasz; Seidman, David; Spata, Michael; Wilson, Michael

    2012-07-01

    The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) energy upgrade from 6 GeV to 12 GeV includes the installation of ten new 100 MV cryomodules and RF systems. The superconducting RF cavities are designed to operate CW at a maximum accelerating gradient of 19.3 MV/m. To support the higher gradients and higher Q{sub L} ({approx} 3 x 10{sup 7}), a new RF system has been developed and is being installed to power and control the cavities. The RF system employs digital control and 13 kW klystrons. Recently, two of these cryomodules and associated RF hardware and software have been installed and commissioned in the CEBAF accelerator. Electrons at linac currents up to 540 {micro}A have been successfully accelerated and used for nuclear physics experiments. This paper reports on the commissioning and operation of the RF system and cryomodules.

  13. Measurement and Verification (M&V) Guidelines for Federal Energy Projects, V3.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-06-11

    FEMP's standard procedures and guidelines for M&V for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  14. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP's standard procedures and guidelines for M&V for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  15. First limit from a surface run of a 10 liter Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Thomas S., Jr

    2009-01-01

    A 10 liter prototype Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) is operated on the surface of the earth at 75 Torr using carbon-tetrafluoride (CF4) as a target material to obtain a 24.57 gram-day exposure. A limit is set ...

  16. FIRE4, LiteRed and accompanying tools to solve integration by parts relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Smirnov; V. A. Smirnov

    2013-02-24

    New features of the Mathematica code FIRE are presented. In particular, it can be applied together with the recently developed code LiteRed by Lee in order to provide an integration by parts reduction to master integrals for quite complicated families of Feynman integrals. As as an example, we consider four-loop massless propagator integrals for which LiteRed provides reduction rules and FIRE assists to apply these rules. So, as a by-product one obtains a four-loop variant of the well-known three-loop computer code MINCER. We also describe various ways to find additional relations between master integrals for several families of Feynman integrals.

  17. U. S. Army Measurement and Verification (M&V) Costing Toolkit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Powell, T.; Carlson, K. A.; Im, P.; Turner, W. D.

    2003-01-01

    This is the 2003 final report for the U.S. Army Monitoring and Verification (M&V) costs project. The purpose of this project is to develop a M&V Costing Toolkit to be used by the government or third party planners to design ...

  18. GREENGATE AND FABREEKA BELT PERFORMANCE IN A 3.5 MV TANDEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1413 GREENGATE AND FABREEKA BELT PERFORMANCE IN A 3.5 MV TANDEM F. CRISTOFORI Istituto di Fisica of belts used in the 3.5 MV Tandem of C.I.S.E. REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUÃ?E TOME 12, OCTOBRE 1977, PAGE belts. Unfortunately there is little information regarding the performance of these belts

  19. Low-Z linac targets for low-MV gold nanoparticle radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsiamas, P.; Mishra, P.; Berbeco, R. I.; Marcus, K.; Zygmanski, P. E-mail: Erno-Sajo@uml.edu; Cifter, F.; Sajo, E. E-mail: Erno-Sajo@uml.edu

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: To investigate the potential of low-Z/low-MV (low-Z) linac targets for gold nanoparticle radiotherapy (GNPT) and to determine the microscopic dose enhancement ratio (DER) due to GNP for the alternative beamlines. In addition, to evaluate the degradation of dose enhancement arising from the increased attenuation of x rays and larger skin dose in water for the low-MV beams compared to the standard linac. Methods: Monte Carlo simulations were used to compute dose and DER for various flattening-filter-free beams (2.5, 4, 6.5 MV). Target materials were beryllium, diamond, and tungsten-copper high-Z target. Target thicknesses were selected based on 20%, 60%, 70%, and 80% of the continuous slowing down approximation electron ranges for a given target material and energy. Evaluation of the microscopic DER was carried out for 100 nm GNP including the degradation factors due to beam attenuation. Results: The greatest increase in DER compared to the standard 6.5 MV linac was for a 2.5 MV Be-target (factor of ?2). Skin dose ranged from ?10% (Be, 6.5 MV-80%) to ?85% (Be, 2.5 MV-20%) depending on the target case. Attenuation of 2.5 MV beams at 22 cm was higher by ?75% compared with the standard beam. Taking into account the attenuation at 22 cm depth, the effective dose enhancement was up to ?60% above the DER of the high-Z target. For these cases the effective DER ranged between ?1.6 and 6 compared with the standard linac. Conclusions: Low-Z (2.5 MV) GNPT is possible even after accounting for greater beam attenuation for deep-seated tumors (22 cm) and the increased skin dose. Further, it can lead to significant sparing of normal tissue while simultaneously escalating the dose in the tumor cells.

  20. Stipulations in Performance Contracting M&V: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stetz, M.; Webster, L.; Bradford, J.

    2001-01-01

    Performance contractors (PC) often use stipulations for part or all of their measurement & verification (M&V) efforts. The value of stipulations are low cost and easy implementation (good). Disadvantages include uncertain savings estimates (bad...

  1. Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 4.0)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal, state, and local government energy managers and procurement officials and utility and energy service providers.

  2. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 3.0)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  3. Measurement and verifiction (M&V) guidelines for federal energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-02-01

    This document provides procedures and guidelines for quantifying the savings resulting from the installation of Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) implemented with federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) or task orders implemented under a federal IDIQ contract. The first section of this document provides an overview of measurement and verification (M&V) options and procedures. The second, third, and fourth sections provide standardized measurement and verification (M&V) methods for common types of ECMs.

  4. Generation of virtual monochromatic CBCT from dual kV/MV beam projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Hao [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)] [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Liu, Bo [Image Processing Center, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)] [Image Processing Center, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Yin, Fang-Fang, E-mail: fangfang.yin@duke.edu [Medical Physics Graduate Program,Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)] [Medical Physics Graduate Program,Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: To develop a novel on-board imaging technique which allows generation of virtual monochromatic (VM) cone-beam CT (CBCT) with a selected energy from combined kilovoltage (kV)/megavoltage (MV) beam projections. Methods: With the current orthogonal kV/MV imaging hardware equipped in modern linear accelerators, both MV projections (from gantry angle of 0°–100°) and kV projections (90°–200°) were acquired as gantry rotated a total of 110°. A selected range of overlap projections between 90° to 100° were then decomposed into two material projections using experimentally determined parameters from orthogonally stacked aluminum and acrylic step-wedges. Given attenuation coefficients of aluminum and acrylic at a predetermined energy, one set of VM projections could be synthesized from two corresponding sets of decomposed projections. Two linear functions were generated using projection information at overlap angles to convert kV and MV projections at nonoverlap angles to approximate VM projections for CBCT reconstruction. The contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were calculated for different inserts in VM CBCTs of a CatPhan phantom with various selected energies and compared with those in kV and MV CBCTs. The effect of overlap projection number on CNR was evaluated. Additionally, the effect of beam orientation was studied by scanning the CatPhan sandwiched with two 5 cm solid-water phantoms on both lateral sides and an electronic density phantom with two metal bolt inserts. Results: Proper selection of VM energy [30 and 40 keV for low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polymethylpentene, 2 MeV for Delrin] provided comparable or even better CNR results as compared with kV or MV CBCT. An increased number of overlap kV and MV projection demonstrated only marginal improvements of CNR for different inserts (with the exception of LDPE) and therefore one projection overlap was found to be sufficient for the CatPhan study. It was also evident that the optimal CBCT image quality was achieved when MV beams penetrated through the heavy attenuation direction of the object. Conclusions: A novel technique was developed to generate VM CBCTs from kV/MV projections. This technique has the potential to improve CNR at selected VM energies and to suppress artifacts at appropriate beam orientations.

  5. Development of a Measurement and Verification (M&V) Costing Toolkit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Lewis, T.; Im, P.; Carlson, K. A.; Underwood, D.

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of a M&V Costing Toolkit that has been developed to assist the U.S. Army with the standardization of costing procedures for measuring and verifying energy savings from Energy Service Performance Contracts (ESPC...

  6. An integrated 6 MV linear accelerator model from electron gun to dose in a water tank

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    St Aubin, J.; Steciw, S.; Kirkby, C.; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

    2010-05-15

    Purpose: The details of a full simulation of an inline side-coupled 6 MV linear accelerator (linac) from the electron gun to the target are presented. Commissioning of the above simulation was performed by using the derived electron phase space at the target as an input into Monte Carlo studies of dose distributions within a water tank and matching the simulation results to measurement data. This work is motivated by linac-MR studies, where a validated full linac simulation is first required in order to perform future studies on linac performance in the presence of an external magnetic field. Methods: An electron gun was initially designed and optimized with a 2D finite difference program using Child's law. The electron gun simulation served as an input to a 6 MV linac waveguide simulation, which consisted of a 3D finite element radio-frequency field solution within the waveguide and electron trajectories determined from particle dynamics modeling. The electron gun design was constrained to match the cathode potential and electron gun current of a Varian 600C, while the linac waveguide was optimized to match the measured target current. Commissioning of the full simulation was performed by matching the simulated Monte Carlo dose distributions in a water tank to measured distributions. Results: The full linac simulation matched all the electrical measurements taken from a Varian 600C and the commissioning process lead to excellent agreements in the dose profile measurements. Greater than 99% of all points met a 1%/1mm acceptance criterion for all field sizes analyzed, with the exception of the largest 40x40 cm{sup 2} field for which 98% of all points met the 1%/1mm acceptance criterion and the depth dose curves matched measurement to within 1% deeper than 1.5 cm depth. The optimized energy and spatial intensity distributions, as given by the commissioning process, were determined to be non-Gaussian in form for the inline side-coupled 6 MV linac simulated. Conclusions: An integrated simulation of an inline side-coupled 6 MV linac has been completed and benchmarked matching all electrical and dosimetric measurements to high accuracy. The results showed non-Gaussian spatial intensity and energy distributions for the linac modeled.

  7. High-Voltage Terminal Test of Test Stand for 1-MV Electrostatic Accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sae-Hoon

    2015-01-01

    The Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex (KOMAC) has been developing a 300-kV test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator ion source. The ion source and accelerating tube will be installed in a high-pressure vessel. The ion source in the high-pressure vessel is required to have a high reliability. The test stand has been proposed and developed to confirm the stable operating conditions of the ion source. The ion source will be tested at the test stand to verify the long-time operating conditions. The test stand comprises a 300-kV high-voltage terminal, a battery for the ion-source power, a 60-Hz inverter, 200-MHz RF power, a 5-kV extraction power supply, a 300-kV accelerating tube, and a vacuum system. The results of the 300-kV high-voltage terminal tests are presented in this paper.

  8. REX, a 5-MV pulsed-power source for driving high-brightness electron beam diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, R.L.; Kauppila, T.J.; Ridlon, R.N.

    1991-01-01

    The Relativistic Electron-beam Experiment, or REX accelerator, is a pulsed-power source capable of driving a 100-ohm load at 5 MV, 50 kA, 45 ns (FWHM) with less than a 10-ns rise and 15-ns fall time. This paper describes the pulsed-power modifications, modelling, and extensive measurements on REX to allow it to drive high impedance (100s of ohms) diode loads with a shaped voltage pulse. A major component of REX is the 1.83-m-diam {times} 25.4-cm-thick Lucite insulator with embedded grading rings that separates the output oil transmission line from the vacuum vessel that contains the re-entrant anode and cathode assemblies. A radially tailored, liquid-based resistor provides a stiff voltage source that is insensitive to small variations of the diode current and, in addition, optimizes the electric field stress across the vacuum side of the insulator. The high-current operation of REX employs both multichannel peaking and point-plane diverter switches. This mode reduces the prepulse to less than 2 kV and the postpulse to less than 5% of the energy delivered to the load. Pulse shaping for the present diode load is done through two L-C transmission line filters and a tapered, glycol-based line adjacent to the water PFL and output switch. This has allowed REX to drive a diode producing a 4-MV, 4.5-kA, 55-ns flat-top electron beam with a normalized Lapostolle emittance of 0.96 mm-rad corresponding to a beam brightness in excess of 4.4 {times} 10{sup 8} A/m{sup 2} {minus}rad{sup 2}. 6 refs., 13 figs.

  9. The number of cells in the human body is literally astronomical, about three orders of magnitude more than the number of stars in the Milky Way. Yet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boal, David

    1 The number of cells in the human body is literally astronomical, about three orders of magnitude more than the number of stars in the Milky Way. Yet, for their immense number, the variety of cells is much smaller: only about 200 different cell types are represented in the collection of about 1014 cells

  10. BID NO: SKA SSLE 009/2011 SUPPLY, DELIVERY AND INSTALLATION OF ROTARY UPS, MV INDOOR SWITCHGEAR AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    SWITCHGEAR AND POWER TRANSFORMERS AT THE MeerKAT SITE NEAR CARNARVON, NORTHERN CAPE TENDER NOTICE and Installation of Rotary UPS, MV Indoor Switchgear and Power Transformers at the MeerKAT Site near Carnarvon, alternator and kinetic module on shared base frame) diesel rotary UPSs, 22 kV and 33 kV indoor switchgear

  11. Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3 5. Transformations Overview window coordinates Modeling Transformations Projection Transformation Perspective Division Viewport Transformation Object Coordinates x, y, z, w Modelview Matrix Projection Matrix Eye Coordinates Clip Coordinates

  12. Theoretical investigation of the design and performance of a dual energy (kV and MV) radiotherapy imager

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Langechuan; Antonuk, Larry E. El-Mohri, Youcef; Zhao, Qihua; Jiang, Hao

    2015-04-15

    Purpose: In modern radiotherapy treatment rooms, megavoltage (MV) portal imaging and kilovoltage (kV) cone-beam CT (CBCT) imaging are performed using various active matrix flat-panel imager (AMFPI) designs. To expand the clinical utility of MV and kV imaging, MV AMFPIs incorporating thick, segmented scintillators and, separately, kV imaging using a beam’s eye view geometry have been investigated by a number of groups. Motivated by these previous studies, it is of interest to explore to what extent it is possible to preserve the benefits of kV and MV imaging using a single AMFPI design, given the considerably different x ray energy spectra used for kV and MV imaging. In this paper, considerations for the design of such a dual energy imager are explored through examination of the performance of a variety of hypothetical AMFPIs based on x ray converters employing segmented scintillators. Methods: Contrast, noise, and contrast-to-noise ratio performances were characterized through simulation modeling of CBCT imaging, while modulation transfer function, Swank factor, and signal performance were characterized through simulation modeling of planar imaging. The simulations were based on a previously reported hybrid modeling technique (accounting for both radiation and optical effects), augmented through modeling of electronic additive noise. All designs employed BGO scintillator material with thicknesses ranging from 0.25 to 4 cm and element-to-element pitches ranging from 0.508 to 1.016 mm. A series of studies were performed under both kV and MV imaging conditions to determine the most advantageous imager configuration (involving front or rear x ray illumination and use of a mirror or black reflector), converter design (pitch and thickness), and operating mode (pitch-binning combination). Results: Under the assumptions of the present study, the most advantageous imager design was found to employ rear illumination of the converter in combination with a black reflector, incorporate a BGO converter with a 0.508 mm pitch and a 2 cm thickness, and operate at full resolution for kV imaging and 2 × 2 binning mode for MV imaging. Such a dual energy imager design should provide soft tissue visualization at low, clinically practical doses under MV conditions, while helping to preserve the high spatial resolution and high contrast offered by kV imaging. Conclusions: The authors’ theoretical investigation suggests that a dual energy imager capable of largely preserving the desirable characteristics of both kV and MV imaging is feasible. Such an imager, when coupled to a dual energy radiation source, could facilitate simplification of current treatment room imaging systems (as well as their associated quality assurance), and facilitate more precise integration of kV and MV imaging information by virtue of reduced geometric uncertainties.

  13. Investigations of shot reproducibility for the SMP diode at 4.5 MV.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, Nichelle [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Crain, Marlon D. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Droemer, Darryl W. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Gignac, Raymond Edward [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Lare, Gregory A. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Molina, Isidro [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Obregon, Rafael [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Smith, Chase C. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Wilkins, Frank Lee [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Welch, Dale Robert [Voss Scienti c, LLC, Albuquerque, NM] [Voss Scienti c, LLC, Albuquerque, NM; Cordova, Steve Ray; Gallegos, M.; Johnston, Mark D.; Kiefer, Mark Linden; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Nielsen, Daniel Scott; Oliver, Bryan Velten; Renk, Timothy Jerome; Romero, Tobias; Webb, Timothy Jay; Ziska, Derek Raymond

    2013-11-01

    In experiments conducted on the RITS-6 accelerator, the SMP diode exhibits sig- ni cant shot-to-shot variability. Speci cally, for identical hardware operated at the same voltage, some shots exhibit a catastrophic drop in diode impedance. A study is underway to identify sources of shot-to-shot variations which correlate with diode impedance collapse. To remove knob emission as a source, only data from a shot series conducted with a 4.5-MV peak voltage are considered. The scope of this report is limited to sources of variability which occur away from the diode, such as power ow emission and trajectory changes, variations in pulsed power, dustbin and transmission line alignment, and di erent knob shapes. We nd no changes in the transmission line hardware, alignment, or hardware preparation methods which correlate with impedance collapse. However, in classifying good versus poor shots, we nd that there is not a continuous spectrum of diode impedance behavior but that the good and poor shots can be grouped into two distinct impedance pro les. This result forms the basis of a follow-on study focusing on the variability resulting from diode physics. 3

  14. Sample M&V Plan from the Texas Workshop: Preparing and Evaluating Measurement and Verification Plans for Energy Performance Contracts in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    1999-01-01

    This document contains a sample M&V plan that has been prepared in accordance with the Texas Guidelines for Measurement and Verification for Energy Performance Contracts. This sample M&V plan was extracted from the March 1999 workshop, entitled...

  15. The design of a simulated in-line side-coupled 6 MV linear accelerator waveguide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    St Aubin, Joel; Steciw, Stephen; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

    2010-02-15

    Purpose: The design of a 3D in-line side-coupled 6 MV linac waveguide for medical use is given, and the effect of the side-coupling and port irises on the radio frequency (RF), beam dynamics, and dosimetric solutions is examined. This work was motivated by our research on a linac-MR hybrid system, where accurate electron trajectory information for a clinical medical waveguide in the presence of an external magnetic field was needed. Methods: For this work, the design of the linac waveguide was generated using the finite element method. The design outlined here incorporates the necessary geometric changes needed to incorporate a full-end accelerating cavity with a single-coupling iris, a waveguide-cavity coupling port iris that allows power transfer into the waveguide from the magnetron, as well as a method to control the RF field magnitude within the first half accelerating cavity into which the electrons from the gun are injected. Results: With the full waveguide designed to resonate at 2998.5{+-}0.1 MHz, a full 3D RF field solution was obtained. The accuracy of the 3D RF field solution was estimated through a comparison of important linac parameters (Q factor, shunt impedance, transit time factor, and resonant frequency) calculated for one accelerating cavity with the benchmarked program SUPERFISH. It was found that the maximum difference between the 3D solution and SUPERFISH was less than 0.03%. The eigenvalue solver, which determines the resonant frequencies of the 3D side-coupled waveguide simulation, was shown to be highly accurate through a comparison with lumped circuit theory. Two different waveguide geometries were examined, one incorporating a 0.5 mm first side cavity shift and another with a 1.5 mm first side cavity shift. The asymmetrically placed side-coupling irises and the port iris for both models were shown to introduce asymmetries in the RF field large enough to cause a peak shift and skewing (center of gravity minus peak shift) of an initially cylindrically uniform electron beam accelerating within the waveguide. The shifting and skewing of the electron beam were found to be greatest due to the effects of the side-coupling irises on the RF field. A further Monte Carlo study showed that this effect translated into a 1% asymmetry in a 40x40 cm{sup 2} field dose profile. Conclusions: A full 3D design for an in-line side-coupled 6 MV linear accelerator that emulates a common commercial waveguide has been given. The effect of the side coupling on the dose distribution has been shown to create a slight asymmetry, but overall does not affect the clinical applicability of the linac. The 3D in-line side-coupled linac model further provides a tool for the investigation of linac performance within an external magnetic field, which exists in an integrated linac-MR system.

  16. Effect of longitudinal magnetic fields on a simulated in-line 6 MV linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    St Aubin, J.; Santos, D. M.; Steciw, S.; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

    2010-09-15

    Purpose: Linac-magnetic resonance (MR) systems have been proposed in order to achieve real-time image guided radiotherapy. The design of a new linac-MR system with the in-line 6 MV linac generating x-rays along the symmetry axis of an open MR imager is outlined. This new design allows for a greater MR field strength to achieve better quality images while reducing hot and cold spots in treatment planning. An investigation of linac's performance in the longitudinal fringe magnetic fields of the MR imager is given. Methods: The open MR imager fringe magnetic field was modeled using the analytic solution of the magnetic field generated from current carrying loops. The derived solution was matched to the magnetic fringe field isolines provided for a 0.5 T open MR imager through Monte Carlo optimization. The optimized field solution was then added to the previously validated 6 MV linac simulation to quantify linac's performance in the fringe magnetic field of a 0.5 T MR imager. To further the investigation, linac's performance in large fringe fields expected from other imagers was investigated through the addition of homogeneous longitudinal fields. Results: The Monte Carlo optimization of the analytic current loop solution provided good agreement with the magnetic fringe field isolines supplied by the manufacturer. The range of magnetic fields the linac is expected to experience when coupled to the 0.5 T MR imager was determined to be from 0.0022 to 0.011 T (as calculated at the electron gun cathode). The effect of the longitudinal magnetic field on the electron beam was observed to be only in the electron gun. The longitudinal field changed the electron gun optics, affecting beam characteristics, such as a slight increase in the injection current and beam diameter, and an increasingly nonlaminar transverse phase space. Although the target phase space showed little change in its energy spectrum from the altered injection phase space, a reduction in the target current and spatial distribution peak intensity was observed. Despite these changes, the target phase space had little effect on the depth dose curves or dose profiles calculated for a 40x40 cm{sup 2} field at 1.5 cm depth. At longitudinal fields larger than 0.012 T, a drastic reduction in the injection current from the electron gun was observed due to a large fraction of electrons striking the anode. This further reduced the target current, which reached a minimum of 28{+-}2 mA at 0.06 T. A slow increase in the injection and target currents was observed at fields larger than 0.06 T due to greater beam collimation in the anode beam tube. Conclusions: In an effort to achieve higher quality images and a reduction in hot and cold spots in the treatment plan, a parallel configuration linac-MR system is presented. The longitudinal magnetic fields of the MR imager caused large beam losses within the electron gun. These losses may be eliminated through a redesign of the electron gun optics incorporating a longitudinal magnetic field, or through magnetic shielding, which has already been proven successful for the transverse configuration.

  17. Performance and Applications of the first HVE 5MV Tandetron{sup TM} at the University of Madrid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mous, D.J.W.; Gottdang, A.; Haitsma, R.G. [High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V., Amersfoort, The Netherlands (Netherlands); Garcia Lopez, G.; Climent-Font, A.; Agullo-Lopez, F.; Boerma, D.O. [Centro de Micro-Analisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2003-08-26

    The first HVE Tandetron{sup TM} with a nominal terminal voltage of 5 MV has been put into operation at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain) as part of their new IBA facility. The accelerator features a coaxial structure in which the all-solid-state power supply is constructed around the high-energy acceleration tube, thereby avoiding the T-shaped tank that has characterized the HVE Tandetrons{sup TM} so far. The new IBA facility covers a number of different ion beam analysis techniques including ERD using heavy-element time-of-flight, RBS, as well as an external micro-beam for PIXE. During installation, tests have shown a stable terminal voltage of 5.5 MV. The terminal voltage ripple was deduced to be below 6 x 10-6 (RMS) for terminal voltages above 800 kV. Terminal voltage undershoot was measured to be 1.4 x 10-3 for a {approx}1 kW beam at 3 MV and recovered to 1 x 10-4 within 800 ms. IBA experiments that require low energy hydrogen beams are supported by a stable terminal voltage down to 100 kV.

  18. Tracking tumor boundary in MV-EPID images without implanted markers: A feasibility study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaoyong Homma, Noriyasu; Ichiji, Kei; Takai, Yoshihiro; Yoshizawa, Makoto

    2015-05-15

    Purpose: To develop a markerless tracking algorithm to track the tumor boundary in megavoltage (MV)-electronic portal imaging device (EPID) images for image-guided radiation therapy. Methods: A level set method (LSM)-based algorithm is developed to track tumor boundary in EPID image sequences. Given an EPID image sequence, an initial curve is manually specified in the first frame. Driven by a region-scalable energy fitting function, the initial curve automatically evolves toward the tumor boundary and stops on the desired boundary while the energy function reaches its minimum. For the subsequent frames, the tracking algorithm updates the initial curve by using the tracking result in the previous frame and reuses the LSM to detect the tumor boundary in the subsequent frame so that the tracking processing can be continued without user intervention. The tracking algorithm is tested on three image datasets, including a 4-D phantom EPID image sequence, four digitally deformable phantom image sequences with different noise levels, and four clinical EPID image sequences acquired in lung cancer treatment. The tracking accuracy is evaluated based on two metrics: centroid localization error (CLE) and volume overlap index (VOI) between the tracking result and the ground truth. Results: For the 4-D phantom image sequence, the CLE is 0.23 ± 0.20 mm, and VOI is 95.6% ± 0.2%. For the digital phantom image sequences, the total CLE and VOI are 0.11 ± 0.08 mm and 96.7% ± 0.7%, respectively. In addition, for the clinical EPID image sequences, the proposed algorithm achieves 0.32 ± 0.77 mm in the CLE and 72.1% ± 5.5% in the VOI. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the authors’ proposed method both in tumor localization and boundary tracking in EPID images. In addition, compared with two existing tracking algorithms, the proposed method achieves a higher accuracy in tumor localization. Conclusions: In this paper, the authors presented a feasibility study of tracking tumor boundary in EPID images by using a LSM-based algorithm. Experimental results conducted on phantom and clinical EPID images demonstrated the effectiveness of the tracking algorithm for visible tumor target. Compared with previous tracking methods, the authors’ algorithm has the potential to improve the tracking accuracy in radiation therapy. In addition, real-time tumor boundary information within the irradiation field will be potentially useful for further applications, such as adaptive beam delivery, dose evaluation.

  19. A 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator as a tool for planetary and impact physics research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mocker, Anna; Bugiel, Sebastian; Srama, Ralf [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Auer, Siegfried [A and M Associates, PO Box 421, Basye, Virginia 22810 (United States); Baust, Guenter; Matt, Guenter; Otto, Katharina [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Colette, Andrew; Drake, Keith; Kempf, Sascha; Munsat, Tobin; Shu, Anthony; Sternovsky, Zoltan [LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Fiege, Katherina; Postberg, Frank [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Gruen, Eberhard [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Heckmann, Frieder [Steinbeis-Innovationszentrum Raumfahrt, Gaeufelden (Germany); Helfert, Stefan [Helfert Informatik, Mannheim (Germany); Hillier, Jonathan [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); Mellert, Tobias [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); and others

    2011-09-15

    Investigating the dynamical and physical properties of cosmic dust can reveal a great deal of information about both the dust and its many sources. Over recent years, several spacecraft (e.g., Cassini, Stardust, Galileo, and Ulysses) have successfully characterised interstellar, interplanetary, and circumplanetary dust using a variety of techniques, including in situ analyses and sample return. Charge, mass, and velocity measurements of the dust are performed either directly (induced charge signals) or indirectly (mass and velocity from impact ionisation signals or crater morphology) and constrain the dynamical parameters of the dust grains. Dust compositional information may be obtained via either time-of-flight mass spectrometry of the impact plasma or direct sample return. The accurate and reliable interpretation of collected spacecraft data requires a comprehensive programme of terrestrial instrument calibration. This process involves accelerating suitable solar system analogue dust particles to hypervelocity speeds in the laboratory, an activity performed at the Max Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik in Heidelberg, Germany. Here, a 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator electrostatically accelerates charged micron and submicron-sized dust particles to speeds up to 80 km s{sup -1}. Recent advances in dust production and processing have allowed solar system analogue dust particles (silicates and other minerals) to be coated with a thin conductive shell, enabling them to be charged and accelerated. Refinements and upgrades to the beam line instrumentation and electronics now allow for the reliable selection of particles at velocities of 1-80 km s{sup -1} and with diameters of between 0.05 {mu}m and 5 {mu}m. This ability to select particles for subsequent impact studies based on their charges, masses, or velocities is provided by a particle selection unit (PSU). The PSU contains a field programmable gate array, capable of monitoring in real time the particles' speeds and charges, and is controlled remotely by a custom, platform independent, software package. The new control instrumentation and electronics, together with the wide range of accelerable particle types, allow the controlled investigation of hypervelocity impact phenomena across a hitherto unobtainable range of impact parameters.

  20. 43 "{"`"MV"|WEu~_W (2006-5) FT-ICR ,,,`J^NX^[,'Y...`f,Sw"z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    43 ñ"ú­{"`"MV"|WE·u~_·¶·W (2006-5) FT-ICR ,É,æ,é`J^ÚNX^·[,Æ'Y»·...`f,Ì»Sw"½z FT-ICR study·öOEë,µ,È,ª,ç·Å"K,È·¶ ·¬·û­@,ð­Í·õ,µ,Ä,¢,é,Ì,ªOE»·ó,Å,,é·D ,±,ê,Ü,Å­{OE¤NX"¯,¶--l`S,ðZ¦,µ·C·X,ÉOE´Zq"Ô·,Ì·,ÉVtg,· ,é,±,Æ,ª·ª,©,Á,½·D,Ü,½·CRoNX^·[,ÆG^m·[

  1. Aberration corrected 1.2-MV cold field-emission transmission electron microscope with a sub-50-pm resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akashi, Tetsuya; Takahashi, Yoshio; Tanigaki, Toshiaki Shimakura, Tomokazu; Kawasaki, Takeshi; Furutsu, Tadao; Shinada, Hiroyuki; Osakabe, Nobuyuki; Müller, Heiko; Haider, Maximilian; Tonomura, Akira

    2015-02-16

    Atomic-resolution electromagnetic field observation is critical to the development of advanced materials and to the unveiling of their fundamental physics. For this purpose, a spherical-aberration corrected 1.2-MV cold field-emission transmission electron microscope has been developed. The microscope has the following superior properties: stabilized accelerating voltage, minimized electrical and mechanical fluctuation, and coherent electron emission. These properties have enabled to obtain 43-pm information transfer. On the bases of these performances, a 43-pm resolution has been obtained by correcting lens aberrations up to the third order. Observations of GaN [411] thin crystal showed a projected atomic locations with a separation of 44?pm.

  2. Hanford’s Supplemental Treatment Project: Full-Scale Integrated Testing of In-Container-Vitrification and a 10,000-Liter Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witwer, Keith S.; Dysland, Eric J.; Garfield, J. S.; Beck, T. H.; Matyas, Josef; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Cooley, Scott K.; Pierce, Eric M.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Schweiger, Michael J.

    2008-02-22

    The GeoMelt® In-Container Vitrification™ (ICV™) process was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2004 for further evaluation as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanford’s low-activity waste (LAW). Also referred to as “bulk vitrification,” this process combines glass forming minerals, LAW, and chemical amendments; dries the mixture; and then vitrifies the material in a refractory-lined steel container. AMEC Nuclear Ltd. (AMEC) is adapting its GeoMelt ICV™ technology for this application with technical and analytical support from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The DVBS project is funded by the DOE Office of River Protection and administered by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The Demonstration Bulk Vitrification Project (DBVS) was initiated to engineer, construct, and operate a full-scale bulk vitrification pilot-plant to treat up to 750,000 liters of LAW from Waste Tank 241-S-109 at the DOE Hanford Site. Since the beginning of the DBVS project in 2004, testing has used laboratory, crucible-scale, and engineering-scale equipment to help establish process limitations of selected glass formulations and identify operational issues. Full-scale testing has provided critical design verification of the ICV™ process before operating the Hanford pilot-plant. In 2007, the project’s fifth full-scale test, called FS-38D, (also known as the Integrated Dryer Melter Test, or IDMT,) was performed. This test had three primary objectives: 1) Demonstrate the simultaneous and integrated operation of the ICV™ melter with a 10,000-liter dryer, 2) Demonstrate the effectiveness of a new feed reformulation and change in process methodology towards reducing the production and migration of molten ionic salts (MIS), and, 3) Demonstrate that an acceptable glass product is produced under these conditions. Testing was performed from August 8 to 17, 2007. Process and analytical results demonstrated that the primary test objectives, along with a dozen supporting objectives, were successfully met. Glass performance exceeded all disposal performance criteria. A previous issue with MIS containment was successfully resolved in FS-38D, and the ICV™ melter was integrated with a full-scale, 10,000-liter dryer. This paper describes the rationale for performing the test, the purpose and outcome of scale-up tests preceding it, and the performance and outcome of FS-38D.

  3. Hanford's Supplemental Treatment Project: Full-Scale Integrated Testing of In-Container-Vitrification and a 10,000-Liter Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witwer, K.S.; Dysland, E.J.; Garfield, J.S.; Beck, T.H.; Matyas, J.; Bagaasen, L.M.; Cooley, S.K.; Pierce, E.; Kim, D.S.; Schweiger, M.J.

    2008-07-01

    The GeoMelt{sup R} In-Container Vitrification{sup TM} (ICV{sup TM}) process was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2004 for further evaluation as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanford's low-activity waste (LAW). Also referred to as 'bulk vitrification', this process combines glass forming minerals, LAW, and chemical amendments; dries the mixture; and then vitrifies the material in a refractory-lined steel container. AMEC Nuclear Ltd. (AMEC) is adapting its GeoMelt ICV{sup TM} technology for this application with technical and analytical support from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The DVBS project is funded by the DOE Office of River Protection and administered by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The Demonstration Bulk Vitrification Project (DBVS) was initiated to engineer, construct, and operate a full-scale bulk vitrification pilot-plant to treat up to 750,000 liters of LAW from Waste Tank 241-S-109 at the DOE Hanford Site. Since the beginning of the DBVS project in 2004, testing has used laboratory, crucible-scale, and engineering-scale equipment to help establish process limitations of selected glass formulations and identify operational issues. Full-scale testing has provided critical design verification of the ICV{sup TM} process before operating the Hanford pilot-plant. In 2007, the project's fifth full-scale test, called FS-38D, (also known as the Integrated Dryer Melter Test, or IDMT,) was performed. This test had three primary objectives: 1) Demonstrate the simultaneous and integrated operation of the ICV{sup TM} melter with a 10,000- liter dryer, 2) Demonstrate the effectiveness of a new feed reformulation and change in process methodology towards reducing the production and migration of molten ionic salts (MIS), and, 3) Demonstrate that an acceptable glass product is produced under these conditions. Testing was performed from August 8 to 17, 2007. Process and analytical results demonstrated that the primary test objectives, along with a dozen supporting objectives, were successfully met. Glass performance exceeded all disposal performance criteria. A previous issue with MIS containment was successfully resolved in FS-38D, and the ICV{sup TM} melter was integrated with a full-scale, 10,000-liter dryer. This paper describes the rationale for performing the test, the purpose and outcome of scale-up tests preceding it, and the performance and outcome of FS-38D. (authors)

  4. Fundamental science investigations to develop a 6-MV laser triggered gas switch for ZR: first annual report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warne, Larry Kevin; Van Den Avyle, James A.; Lehr, Jane Marie; Rose, David; Krompholz, Hermann G.; Vela, Russell; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Timoshkin, Igor (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Woodworth, Joseph Ray; Prestwich, Kenneth Randel (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Krile, John; Given, Martin (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); McKee, G. Randall; Rosenthal, Stephen Edgar; Struve, Kenneth William; Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Benwell, Andrew L. (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); Kovaleski, Scott; LeChien, Keith, R.; Johnson, David (Titan Pulse Sciences Division); Fouracre, R.A. (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Yeckel, Chris (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); Wakeland, Peter Eric; Miller, A. R. (Titan Pulse Sciences Division); Hodge, Keith Conquest (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Pasik, Michael Francis; Savage, Mark Edward; Maenchen, John Eric; Curry, Randy D.; Feltz, Greg; Bliss, David Emery; MacGregor, Scott (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Corley, J. P. (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Anaya, Victor (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Wallace, Zachariah (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Thoma, Carsten (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Neuber, Andreas. (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX)

    2007-03-01

    In October 2005, an intensive three-year Laser Triggered Gas Switch (LTGS) development program was initiated to investigate and solve observed performance and reliability issues with the LTGS for ZR. The approach taken has been one of mission-focused research: to revisit and reassess the design, to establish a fundamental understanding of LTGS operation and failure modes, and to test evolving operational hypotheses. This effort is aimed toward deploying an initial switch for ZR in 2007, on supporting rolling upgrades to ZR as the technology can be developed, and to prepare with scientific understanding for the even higher voltage switches anticipated needed for future high-yield accelerators. The ZR LTGS was identified as a potential area of concern quite early, but since initial assessments performed on a simplified Switch Test Bed (STB) at 5 MV showed 300-shot lifetimes on multiple switch builds, this component was judged acceptable. When the Z{sub 20} engineering module was brought online in October 2003 frequent flashovers of the plastic switch envelope were observed at the increased stresses required to compensate for the programmatically increased ZR load inductance. As of October 2006, there have been 1423 Z{sub 20} shots assessing a variety of LTGS designs. Numerous incremental and fundamental switch design modifications have been investigated. As we continue to investigate the LTGS, the basic science of plastic surface tracking, laser triggering, cascade breakdown, and optics degradation remain high-priority mission-focused research topics. Significant progress has been made and, while the switch does not yet achieve design requirements, we are on the path to develop successively better switches for rolling upgrade improvements to ZR. This report summarizes the work performed in FY 2006 by the large team. A high-level summary is followed by detailed individual topical reports.

  5. Low-voltage, high-performance InAs/AlSb HEMTs with power gain above 100 GHz at 100 mV drain bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    confinement, and the In0.5Al0.5As layer acts as a stable low-leakage cap [1]. In addition, the InAs quantum low gate-leakage linear current density of 2 nA/µm at -200 mV gate bias. The structures reported in the present work were grown on semi-insulating GaAs substrates in a Varian Gen II MBE machine employing valved

  6. The effect of a paraffin screen on the neutron dose at the maze door of a 15 MV linear accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krmar, M.; Kuzmanovi?, A. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000 (Serbia)] [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000 (Serbia); Nikoli?, D. [National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada)] [National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada); Kuzmanovi?, Z. [International Medical Centers, Banja Luka 78000, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina)] [International Medical Centers, Banja Luka 78000, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Ganezer, K. [Physics Department, California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson, California 90747 (United States)] [Physics Department, California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson, California 90747 (United States)

    2013-08-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a paraffin screen located at various positions in the maze on the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door.Methods: The neutron dose equivalent was measured at the maze door of a room containing a 15 MV linear accelerator for x-ray therapy. Measurements were performed for several positions of the paraffin screen covering only 27.5% of the cross-sectional area of the maze. The neutron dose equivalent was also measured at all screen positions. Two simple models of the neutron source were considered in which the first assumed that the source was the cross-sectional area at the inner entrance of the maze, radiating neutrons in an isotropic manner. In the second model the reduction in the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door due to the paraffin screen was considered to be a function of the mean values of the neutron fluence and energy at the screen.Results: The results of this study indicate that the equivalent dose at the maze door was reduced by a factor of 3 through the use of a paraffin screen that was placed inside the maze. It was also determined that the contributions to the dosage from areas that were not covered by the paraffin screen as viewed from the dosimeter, were 2.5 times higher than the contributions from the covered areas. This study also concluded that the contributions of the maze walls, ceiling, and floor to the total neutron dose equivalent were an order of magnitude lower than those from the surface at the far end of the maze.Conclusions: This study demonstrated that a paraffin screen could be used to reduce the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door by a factor of 3. This paper also found that the reduction of the neutron dose equivalent was a linear function of the area covered by the maze screen and that the decrease in the dose at the maze door could be modeled as an exponential function of the product ?·E at the screen.

  7. TH-E-17A-11: Tracking Tumor’s Boundary in MV Image Sequences for Image-Guided Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, X; Homma, N; Ichiji, K; Abe, M; Sugita, N; Yoshizawa, M; Narita, Y; Takai, Y

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a level set method (LSM)-based algorithm to track the tumor’s boundary in MV image sequences for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). Method: Four MV image sequences, each of which consists of 100 frames at frame rate of 7.5 Hz, are acquired by using the electronic portal imaging device (EPID) (Varian Medical Systems, Pal Alto, USA) during the treatment of lung cancer. In the first frame of each sequence, we roughly delineate an initial contour of the target tumor by hand. Using a LSM-based algorithm, the initial contour can automatically shape itself to fit the tumor, and eventually detect the tumor’s boundary. We then employ the tumor’s boundary obtained from the previous frame as the initial contour in the subsequent frame, so that the LSM-based method can drive this initial contour to the tumor’s boundary quickly and fulfill a tracking task. Results: The proposed method has been evaluated on four MV image sequences. The mean tracking errors were 0.23, 0.29, 0.37, and 1.18 mm, and their corresponding standard deviations were 0.97, 0.75, 1.2 and 1.48 mm, respectively. Conclusion: Compared with conventional tumor tracking techniques, the proposed system is capable not only of tracking the tumor’s position, but also of detecting the tumor’s boundary varying with the respiration during the treatment. Considering current radiation therapy technique, for example, dynamical multi-leaf collimator (DMLC) has been widely applied in clinical treatment, this study indicates the potential for significant accuracy improvement in radiation therapy. This work was partially supported by a research grant from Varian Medical Systems (Palo Alto, California)

  8. SU-E-T-322: The Evaluation of the Gafchromic EBT3 Film in Low Dose 6 MV X-Ray Beams with Different Scanning Modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, H; Sung, J; Yoon, M; Kim, D; Chung, W

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: We have evaluated the response of the Gafchromic EBT3 film in low dose for 6 MV x-ray beams with two scanning modes, the reflection scanning mode and the transmission scanning mode. Methods: We irradiated the Gafcromic EBT3 film using a 60 degree enhanced dynamic wedge (EDW) with 6 MV x-ray beams from Clinac iX Linear accelerator (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). The irradiated Gafchromic EBT3 film was scanned with different scanning modes, the reflection scanning mode and the transmission scanning mode. The scanned Gafchromic EBT3 film was analyzed with MATLAB. Results: When 7.2 cGy was irradiated to the Gafchromic EBT3 film, the uncertainty was 0.54 cGy with reflection scanning mode and was 0.88 cGy with transmission scanning mode. When 24 cGy was irradiated to the Gafchromic EBT3 film, the uncertainty was similar to the case of 7.2 cGy irradiation showing 0.51 cGy of uncertainty with reflection scanning mode and 0.87 cGy of uncertainty with transmission scanning mode. The result suggests that the reflection mode should be used in Gafchromic EBT3 film for low irradiation. Conclusion: The result suggests that the reflection mode should be used in Gafchromic EBT3 film for low irradiation.

  9. The role of literal meaning in metaphor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Martin Allen

    1996-01-01

    or original meaning of words remain active in their metaphorical setting. " ' This is a foundational premise of his theory of metaphor. Next Davidson considers the notion that metaphor is a kind of ambiguity, and it derives its force Jrom a wavering between...

  10. Page 300 Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Sonoma State University 2015-2016 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    SS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry SCHooL (4) Principles, methods to teaching practice in middle, junior high, and senior high schools. Emphasis on teaching/learning situationsLtiCuLturAL SettingS (12) A supervised teaching experience in a multicultural middle, junior high, or senior high

  11. Measurement and Verification (M&V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H

    2014-01-01

    Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 E ne rg y us ag e Ambient Temperature Mean E ne rg y us ag e Ambient Temperature SLR E ne rg y us ag e Ambient Temperature 3P-CP E ne rg y us ag e Ambient Temperature 4P-CP 10 E ne rg y... us ag e Ambient Temperature 5P-CP Three-Parameter Change Point Four-Parameter Change Point Five-Parameter Change Point Typical Option C Baseline Models ESL-KT-14-11-39 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18...

  12. CHIP House Takes Design to Different Heights (Literally)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Check out the SCI-Arc/Caltech 2011 Solar Decathlon team's house to find out more about their net-zero energy use home -- the CHIP House.

  13. WIPP Safety Is Paramount Top to Bottom, Literally

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CARLSBAD, N.M. – As part of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s (WIPP) preventive maintenance program, four of six head ropes that suspend the waste conveyance were safely replaced recently.

  14. Scrambled Elements Robert D. Pike Literate Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pike, Robert D.

    Software Systems ACROSS 1. Relaxation locale 4. Groups of kangaroos 8. Govt. agency concerned with 73 down. Uncontrolled muscle motion 62. Egg-shaped 63. Big birds 64. Fat-cleaving enzyme 67. "No man is an island" poet

  15. Revised 01/15/2014 MV3 MV4 Safety Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    of the day and a new entry (trip) should be started daily when not returning to the domicile. · Date- This includes the date the trip was taken. If an overnight trip is required, a new entry should be started each Mileage, Gallons of Fuel, Fuel Cost, Totals per Date from back of form, Down Days, Driver Initials

  16. Electric Utility Industrial DSM and M&V Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, K. P. K.

    2008-01-01

    BC Hydro is an electric utility with a service area covering over 95% of the province of British Columbia in Canada. Power Smart is BC Hydro’s demand-side-management (DSM) division. Power Smart develops, operates and manages various DSM programs...

  17. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    nEnergyPlus%2Bredirect%2B1 for discussion of simulation issues. 17 http:rredc.nrel.govsolarolddatansrdb1991-2005tmy3. 18 See ASHRAE Guideline 14-2015 and Section 4.2.2...

  18. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    staff. The persistence of the changes can be addressed through checking performance benchmarks, conducting periodic tune-ups, or a more aggressive commissioning approach. This...

  19. Miami, May, 2015 M/V MAERSK VILNIUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    research can be viewed in real or near-real time on our laboratory's web pages. As we obtain the data, we place updates on the progress of our research, which can be accessed through our web pages.aoml.noaa.gov/phod) web pages. Of special interest to you could be the web pages where we show results obtained from high

  20. NOAA / AOML Thermosalinograph (TSG) M/V Explorer Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................8 Iridium Freeze-Up 9 AMVERSEAS Freeze-Up 10 Blackout 10 NOAA/AOML TSG Procedures Page 1 of 10 #12

  1. MHK ISDB/Instruments/POS MV Surfmaster | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHK ISDB/Instruments/Nortek Aquadopp Current MeterPage Edit

  2. Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUS SERVICE SUBSIDIES AT THEEnergyAO is theDepartment of

  3. Development of Urea Dosing System for 10 Liter Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Powered Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference in Detroit, MI, September 27-30, 2010.

  4. Job Opportunities through Entertainment: Virally Spread Speech-Based Services for Low-Literate Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahore Uni. of Mgmt. Sciences Lahore, Pakistan {farhan.haq, zain.tariq, umar}@lums.edu.pk ABSTRACT We in 2011, we report on its first large-scale sustained deployment. In 24/7 operation in Pakistan since May among low- skilled office workers in Lahore, Pakistan, in 3 weeks Polly spread to 2,000 users and logged

  5. Klutts 4/2004 "2-Liter Culture Scale" Membrane Preparation Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doering, Tamara

    this to the 50ml tube. Vortex the conical tube(s) to make a smooth suspension. (Volume should be between 25 and 30ml) 5. Add 12 ml of glass beads (measured using a 15ml conical) to each 50 ml tube. Vortex at fractionation. Materials (not including standard tubes and media): Buffer A: 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 0.1 m

  6. `A Literal Necessity to be Re-Placed': A Rejoinder to the Gentrification Debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orleans City Council voted in favour of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) HOPE VI

  7. Fostering a Spatially Literate Generation: Explicit Instruction in Spatial Thinking for Preservice Teachers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Injeong

    2012-02-14

    was developed as the intervention of this study. The primary focus of the workshop was to provide an explicit opportunity to learn about spatial thinking and to practice skills required to incorporate spatial thinking into participants' classrooms. Three...

  8. First results from a 20-liter prototype dark matter detector with directional sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Jeremy Paul

    2014-01-01

    Astronomical and cosmological evidence suggests that 27% of the energy content of the universe is in the form of non-baryonic matter referred to as "dark matter." Weakly interacting massive particles have long been considered ...

  9. HealthLine: Towards Speech-based Access to Health Information by Semi-literate Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Roni

    hierarchically managed system across the country. In Pakistan, recent evaluations of the government's flagship of health workers, are a viable alternative to current information access mechanisms such as handbooks (ICTs) can provide real value to such populations, in a way that is both sustainable and appropriate [12

  10. Text-Alternative Webcast of the Energy Literate Citizenry from K-to-Gray

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Michelle Fox: Hi, good afternoon everyone and welcome to today's webinar on energy literacy. Thank you for joining. I want to thank also the Department of Education for their Green Strides Webinar...

  11. The turbocharged and intercooled 2. 3 liter engine for the Volvo 760

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersson, J.; Bengtsson, A.; Eriksson, S.

    1984-01-01

    In 1981 Volvo launched the 2.1l turbocharged engine for the 240 model. Since then, the market interest for turbocharged engines has increased rapidly and along with this the demand for more efficient engines. The use of intercooler and micro-computer controlled fuel- and ignition systems in passenger car applications made it possible to develop a second generation of turbocharged engines with the capability to meet these demands. This paper describes the 2.3l turbocharged engine and its development for the US-version of the 1984 760 model.

  12. Webcast of the Energy Literate Citizenry from K-to-Gray

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Literacy Framework webinar was held on February 6, 2013 at 4 pm EST. It focused on outlining the Energy Literacy Framework, which identifies concepts every citizen should know to be...

  13. T-686: IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal Java Double Literal Denial of Service

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department ofSUPPLEMENTSwitzerland|of Energy T-685: Cisco

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, VOL. 13, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 263 Wireless Multichannel Biopotential Recording Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaoqin

    263 Wireless Multichannel Biopotential Recording Using an Integrated FM Telemetry Circuit Pedram, and wireless frequency-modulation transmission of microvolt- and millivolt-range input biopotentials

  15. Application of Risk Analysis to Evaluating M&V Requirement for Energy Efficiency Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, G.; Gregoire, C.; Gogte, S.; Gowans, D.

    2007-01-01

    administrative efficiencies, but also with increased risk that the estimated savings may not be realized. This paper presented a risk analysis of the threshold for small lighting projects by running a Monte Carlo simulation. The preliminary result of this study...

  16. State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Technical Assistance Program (TAP) supports the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG) and the State Energy Program (SEP) by providing state, local, and tribal officials the tools and resources needed to implement successful and sustainable clean energy programs.

  17. Waveguide detuning caused by transverse magnetic fields on a simulated in-line 6 MV linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    St Aubin, J.; Steciw, S.; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

    2010-09-15

    Purpose: Due to the close proximity of the linear accelerator (linac) to the magnetic resonance (MR) imager in linac-MR systems, it will be subjected to magnet fringe fields larger than the Earth's magnetic field of 5x10{sup -5} T. Even with passive or active shielding designed to reduce these fields, some magnitude of the magnetic field is still expected to intersect the linac, causing electron deflection and beam loss. This beam loss, resulting from magnetic fields that cannot be eliminated with shielding, can cause a detuning of the waveguide due to excessive heating. The detuning, if significant, could lead to an even further decrease in output above what would be expected strictly from electron deflections caused by an external magnetic field. Thus an investigation of detuning was performed through various simulations. Methods: According to the Lorentz force, the electrons will be deflected away from their straight course to the target, depositing energy as they impact the linac copper waveguide. The deposited energy would lead to a heating and deformation of the copper structure resulting in resonant frequency changes. PARMELA was used to determine the mean energy and fraction of total beam lost in each linac cavity. The energy deposited into the copper waveguide from the beam losses caused by transverse magnetic fields was calculated using the Monte Carlo program DOSRZnrc. From the total energy deposited, the rise in temperature and ultimately the deformation of the structure was estimated. The deformed structure was modeled using the finite element method program COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS to determine the change in cavity resonant frequency. Results: The largest changes in resonant frequency were found in the first two accelerating cavities for each field strength investigated. This was caused by a high electron fluence impacting the waveguide inner structures coupled with their low kinetic energies. At each field strength investigated, the total change in accelerator frequency was less than a manufacturing tolerance of 10 kHz and is thus not expected to have a noticeable effect on accelerator performance. Conclusions: The amount of beam loss caused by magnetic fringe fields for a linac in a linac-MR system depends on the effectiveness of its magnetic shielding. Despite the best efforts to shield the linac from the magnetic fringe fields, some persistent magnetic field is expected which would result in electron beam loss. This investigation showed that the detuning of the waveguide caused by additional electron beam loss in persistent magnetic fields is not a concern.

  18. Miami, May, 2013 Captain of the M/V Jolly Oro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the seasonal and interannual fluctuations in the upper layer heat storage, now being complemented by profiling an oceanographic and climate observing system to, for example, measure the upper ocean thermal structure storage and global transport of heat and fresh water, which is crucial to improve climate prediction

  19. A Study of Sparse-Matrix Vector Multiplication (SpMV) on Different Architectures and Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negrut, Dan

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4 Discussion 5 2 #12;1 Introduction ViennaCL is a free open-source linear algebra libraryViennaCL is available [4]. The cuSPARSE library contains a set of basic linear algebra subroutines used for handling sparse matrices. It is implemented on top of the NVIDIA CUDA runtime (which is part of the CUDA Toolkit

  20. A batteryless thermoelectric energy-harvesting interface circuit with 35mV startup voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramadass, Yogesh Kumar

    A batteryless thermoelectric energy-harvesting interface circuit to extract electrical energy from human body heat is implemented in a 0.35 ?m [mu m] CMOS process. A mechanically assisted startup circuit enables operation ...

  1. Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergy comparing LEDCSAC Charter 1.0Department of

  2. Abbreviation List/Glossary Acid flask A three liter round bottom flask used to hold the approximately 0.6%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and second bottles of a bottle pair. Used to determine the quality of analysis (both individual pair quality-titration drift often seen with our titration systems. Constant-volume mercury manometer (CMM) For the purpose double-column mercury manometer. One column is kept under vacuum, and the other contains the sample gas

  3. Long-Term Performance of Liter-Scale Microbial Fuel Cells Treating Primary Effluent Installed in a Municipal Wastewater Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , low sludge production, and energy recovery from wastes. INTRODUCTION Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have-70% chemical oxygen demand (COD) at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 11 h and reduced about 50% suspended fluctuation, such as emptying the anode for 1-3 days or different HRTs. The preliminary analysis of energy

  4. Literate Specification: Using Design Rationale to Support Formal Methods in the Development of Human-Computer Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JOHNSON, C.W.

    JOHNSON,C.W. Journal: Human-Computer Interaction Journal. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Volume 11 No 4 pp 291-320 Academic Press

  5. 24/06/2009 MV/24/09 MVetMed Programme Specification and Assessment & Award Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daley, Monica A.

    and teaching skills, who are able to take advantage of current developments in information technology 18 skills and experience in conducting research projects · produce graduates with good communication methodology · ethical and welfare issues relating to clinical practice, Assessment by · Continuous formative

  6. Development of a Monitoring and Verification (M&V) Plan and Baseline for the Fort Hood ESPC Project 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Lynn, B.; Underwood, D.

    2004-01-01

    (kWh,kW) 6,439 0 0 $0.01 $0.01 87014 CO HQ Building 14,162 87000 Block STEAM WBE(kWh,kW) 32,892 96 0 $0.16 $0.16 87015 Enlisted UPH 42,306 87000 Block STEAM WBE(kWh,kW) 6,502 3 0 $0.01 $0.01 87016 CO HQ Building 25,168 87000 Block STEAM WBE(kWh,kW) 50,197....1. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, Rpt No. LBL-8689 Rev. 2; DOE-2 User Coordination Office, LBL, Berkeley, CA. LBL. 1981. DOE-2 Engineers Manual, Ver. 2.1A, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  7. In Search of an Audience: Popular Pharmacies and the Limits of Literate Medicine in Late Seventeenth- and Early Eighteenth-Century Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Clare

    2015-01-01

    in Europe. In 1605 Francis Bacon wrote the Advancement of Learning, a text advocating the greater use and official regulation of natural philosophy, which was both enlarged and rearranged when translated into Latin as De augmentis scientiarum in 1623...

  8. Final evaluation report for Westinghouse Hanford Company, WRAP-1,208 liter waste drum, docket 94-35-7A, type A packaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-06-12

    This report documents the U.S. Department of Transportation Specification 7A Type A (DOT-7A) compliance test results of the Westinghouse Hanford Company, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, Module 1 (WRAP-1) Drum. The WRAP-1 Drum was tested for DOE-HQ in August 1994, by Los Alamos National Laboratory, under docket number 94-35-7A. Additionally, comparison and evaluation of the approved, as-tested packaging configuration was performed by WHC in September 1995. The WRAP-1 Drum was evaluated against the performance of the DOT-17C, 208 1 (55-gal) steel drums tested and evaluated under dockets 89-13-7A/90-18-7A and 94-37-7A.

  9. A review of "Literate Experience: The Work of Knowing in Seventeenth-Century English Writing." by Andrew Barnaby and Lisa J. Schnell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh Wilson

    2003-01-01

    readings of selected works by Bacon, Shakespeare, Lanyer, Marvell, and Behn. Each author is portrayed as progres- sively more estranged from the Elizabethan world picture than the next. New perspectives on established figures sometimes gen- erate new... as an active member of Par- liament after the Restoration. Barnaby and Schnell save their best for last. Although they only touch on Aphra Behn?s most absorbing work, Oroonoko, this last chapter is genuinely interesting: I felt my pulse race because I knew I...

  10. WE-G-17A-09: Novel Magnetic Shielding Design for Inline and Perpendicular Integrated 6 MV Linac and 1.0 T MRI Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, X; Ma, B; Kuang, Y; Diao, X

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The influence of fringe magnetic fields delivered by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the beam generation and transportation in Linac is still a major challenge for the integration of linear accelerator and MRI (Linac-MRI). In this study, we investigated an optimal magnetic shielding design for Linac-MRI and further characterized the beam trajectory in electron gun. Methods: Both inline and perpendicular configurations were analyzed in this study. The configurations, comprising a Linac-MRI with a 100cm SAD and an open 1.0 T superconductive magnet, were simulated by the 3D finite element method (FEM). The steel shielding around the Linac was included in the 3D model, the thickness of which was varied from 1mm to 20mm, and magnetic field maps were acquired with and without additional shielding. The treatment beam trajectory in electron gun was evaluated using OPERA 3d SCALA with and without shielding cases. Results: When Linac was not shielded, the uniformity of diameter sphere volume (DSV) (30cm) was about 5 parts per million (ppm) and the fringe magnetic fields in electron gun were more than 0.3 T. With shielding, the magnetic fields in electron gun were reduced to less than 0.01 T. For the inline configuration, the radial magnetic fields in the Linac were about 0.02T. A cylinder steel shield used (5mm thick) altered the uniformity of DSV to 1000 ppm. For the perpendicular configuration, the Linac transverse magnetic fields were more than 0.3T, which altered the beam trajectory significantly. A 8mm-thick cylinder steel shield surrounding the Linac was used to compensate the output losses of Linac, which shifted the magnetic fields' uniformity of DSV to 400 ppm. Conclusion: For both configurations, the Linac shielding was used to ensure normal operation of the Linac. The effect of magnetic fields on the uniformity of DSV could be modulated by the shimming technique of the MRI magnet. NIH/NIGMS grant U54 GM104944, Lincy Endowed Assistant Professorship.

  11. Static IMRT and VMAT planning on 6 MV Flattened and Flattening-Filter-Free Beams of a TrueBeam VirtuaLinac System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Yue; Saenz, Daniel; Paliwal, Bhudatt R

    2015-01-01

    In this manuscript, we investigated the accuracy of the entire chain of phase space files generated by the TrueBeam VirtuaLinac system in clinical treatment plans. Good agreement was obtained between the MC simulation and the clinical golden data for both flattened and FFF beams. The relative magnitude of agreement between MC and golden beam data presented in this research may assist a physicist in terms of the percent dose deviation that one may expect when using MC data for verification purposes.

  12. gradient, df/dz, across the condensate. Such a gradient may be imprinted by a condensate velocity, because df=dz mv=h, where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganichev, Sergey

    gradient, df/dz, across the condensate. Such a gradient may be imprinted by a condensate velocity,13 , which accounts for far fewer atoms than the number contained in the initial repulsive condensate. Apparently, most of the atoms from the collapsing condensate are lost, while only a small fraction remain

  13. Calculations of atomic sputtering and displacement cross-sections in solid elements by electrons with energies from threshold to 1. 5 MV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, C.R.

    1988-12-01

    The kinetics of knock-on collisions of relativistic electrons with nuclei and details of the numerical evaluation of differential, recoil, and total Mott cross-sections are reviewed and discussed. The effects of electron beam induced displacement and sputtering, in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) environment, on microanalysis are analyzed with particular emphasis placed on the removal of material by knock-on sputtering. The mass loss predicted due to transmission knock-on sputtering is significant for many elements under conditions frequently encountered in microanalysis. Total Mott cross-sections are tabulated for all naturally occurring solid elements up to Z = 92 at displacement energies of one, two, four, and five times the sublimation energy and for accelerating voltages accessible in the transmission electron microscope. Fortran source code listings for the calculation of the differential Mott cross-section as a function of electron scattering angle (dMottCS), as a function of nuclear recoil angle (RECOIL), and the total Mott cross-section (TOTCS) are included. 48 refs., 21 figs., 12 tabs.

  14. The determination of sulfur-containing surfactants with a high pressure liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobill, Jonathan Edward

    1987-01-01

    and standard millivolt intensities 81 20 Detection limits for nickel calculated by using the blank and standard millivolt intensities 82 Detection limits of sulfur in methanol/water (411 v/v) matrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 22 Detection limits of sulfur... data from the PDP 11/03 to the PDP 11/44 and Z-8 computers). 100 DZM M(48) ID(48) IF(5) 105 REM DZM MZLLZVOLT ZNTES1TIES (M), INSTRUMENT PARAMETERS (D) AND 106 REM PZLE NAME FOR DATA STORAGE (F) 220 SENDS (5) 222 REM SEND TO ll/44 230 PRINT "RUN...

  15. A Programmable 210 V Offset Rail-to-Rail GMC Filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    milli-Volts glitch at the input of a high- speed high-resolution comparator, for instance, may1 A Programmable 210 µV Offset Rail-to-Rail GM­C Filter H. Pooya Forghani-zadeh1 , Student Member. Programmability is also a feature of growing significance because high performance state-of-the-art systems must

  16. Zoology 112 (2009) 442450 Electric organ morphology and function in the lesser electric ray,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kajiura, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    foraging or feeding on live prey. r 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. Keywords: Torpediniformes (tens of millivolts; Bennett, 1971). These weak EODs are used in intraspecific communication (Bratton.elsevier.de/zool 0944-2006/$ - see front matter r 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.zool.2009

  17. Z .Journal of Power Sources 90 2000 5963 www.elsevier.comrlocaterjpowsour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    Z .Journal of Power Sources 90 2000 59­63 www.elsevier.comrlocaterjpowsour Electrochemical have a voltage penalty of a few hundred millivolts, which reduce the cell voltage and power density, extensive studies have been carried out on Mg­Ni alloys for hydro- w xgen storage materials 6­11 . To study

  18. Smart Sensing Strategies: Insights from a Biological Active Sensing System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Mark E.

    of smart sensing systems in diverse engineering applications. Certain freshwater fish from South America and Africa, known as weakly electric fish, use self-generated electrical energy to actively probe their environment. The fish emit millivolt-level electrical discharges and detect microvolt-level voltage

  19. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Ordnung ber die Bildung eines Krperschaftsvermgens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S

  20. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung fr den Bachelor-Studiengang Physik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S

  1. Vierte Satzung zur nderung der Ordnung ber die Erhebung von Gebhren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S

  2. Studienordnung fr den Bachelor-Teilstudiengang Politikwissenschaft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S

  3. Prfungsordnung fr den Masterstudiengang (M.Sc.) ,,Health Care Management "

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S

  4. 820 mV open-circuit voltages from Cu2O/CH3CN junctions Chengxiang Xiang, Gregory M. Kimball, Ronald L. Grimm, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Harry A. Atwater*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Gregory

    no observable photocorrosion during operation in the nonaqueous electrolyte. The semiconductor/liquid junctions thus provide a noninvasive method to investigate the energy-conversion properties of cuprous oxide) is an attractive material for water photoelectrolysis and for photovoltaics because of the low cost, high

  5. Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Fourth Science Symposium Efficacy of Commercial Algaecides to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    conducted by our research team. At each stream, each of twelve 20 liter buckets was filled with 15 liters a polycarbonate membrane filter with 3 m p

  6. High-Power Converters and AC Drives IEEE PESC2005 Tutorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bin

    Overview · MV Drive Applications Industry Application Examples Petrochemical Pipeline pumps, gas Introduction Main Topics · Medium Voltage (MV) Drive Overview · High Power Converter Topologies · MV Industrial Topic 1 Introduction MV Drive Overview · MV Drive Market Survey Main purpose for high-power fan/pump

  7. Fact #698: October 24, 2011 Changes in the Federal Highway Administrat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and MF-27), vehicle registration data (MV-1, MV-9, and MV-10), other data such as R.L. Polk vehicle data, and a host of modeling techniques. Starting with the 2009 VM-1, an...

  8. Mecanica celeste: Ecuaciones del movimiento Christian Nitschelm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nitschelm, Christian

    /O = - OA mV = r mV (4) El c´alculo de la diferencial del momento cin´etico con respecto al tiempo permite

  9. Promotionsordnung der Medizinischen Fakultt der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , das zuletzt durch Artikel 1 des Gesetzes vom 16

  10. Studienordnung fr den weiterbildenden Masterstudiengang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 19 des Gesetzes

  11. Universitt Rostock Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 1 des Gesetzes

  12. Studienordnung fr den Masterstudiengang (M.Sc.) ,,Health Care Management"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , geändert durch Gesetz vom 2. Februar 2006 (GVOBl

  13. Nichtamtliche Lesefassung Promotionsordnung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG-MV) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M.-V. S. 398), das durch das Gesetz vom 5. Juni 2003 (GVOBl. M

  14. Studienordnung fr den weiterbildenden Master-Studiengang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 19 des Gesetzes

  15. Zweite Satzung zur nderung der Ordnung ber die Erhebung von Gebhren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    (LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398), geändert durch Art. 1 des Gesetzes vom 2. Februar 2006

  16. UNIVERSITT ROSTOCK AMTLICHE BEKANNTMACHUNGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz- LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 in der Fassung

  17. Amtliche Bekanntmachungen 1. Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Bachelor-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , das zuletzt

  18. Entgeltordnung fr den Master-Studiengang ,,Kriminologie und Strafrechtspflege"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    in Verbindung mit 31 Abs. 3 des Landeshochschul- gesetzes (LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398

  19. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    TO SET AUX ELECTRODE RELAY MV END TEST CELL PARAMETERS DRIVEFOR TEST CELL DAC START MV AUX ELECTRODE RELAY 'ON' PLATE

  20. FEL Design Studies at LBNL: Activities and Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corlett, John N.

    2009-01-01

    for 0.75 MV on gap Peak wall power density Unit MHz MV cmof the power density on the cavity walls, which allows CW

  1. Siebte Satzung zur nderung der Ordnung ber die Erhebung von Gebhren an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt Greifswald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V 2011, S. 18), zuletzt,50 mit Antragstellung 16) Gasthörergebühr (§ 22 LHG M-V) 50,00 mit Zulassung 17) Zugangs- und Erweiterungsprüfung für Berufstätige (§ 19 LHG M-V) 100,00 mit Zulassung Zulassungsverfahren für Zugangs- und

  2. Studienordnung fr den Bachelorteilstudiengang ffentliches Recht

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    die Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002

  3. Studienordnung fr den Bachelor-Teilstudiengang Slawistik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG-MV) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M

  4. Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shen, S.S.; Wilson, C.T.

    1985-04-16

    The present invention is a current transformer for operating currents larger than 2kA (two kiloamps) that is capable of detecting a millivolt level resistive voltage in the presence of a large inductive voltage. Specifically, the present invention includes substantially cylindrical primary turns arranged to carry a primary current and substantially cylindrical secondary turns arranged coaxially with and only partially within the primary turns, the secondary turns including an active winding and a dummy winding, the active and dummy windings being coaxial, longitudinally separated and arranged to mutually cancel voltages excited by commonly experienced magnetic fields, the active winding but not the dummy winding being arranged within the primary turns.

  5. 1.7 Mixing Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

    2010-01-20

    Feb 16, 2007 ... solution containing c1 grams/liter of the same chemical flows into the tank at a constant rate of r1 liters/minute, and the mixture flows out at a ...

  6. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17

    While studies suggest that figurative, or non-literal, meanings are automatically activated in single language users, little is known about how language proficiency may influence the automaticity of non-literal meaning ...

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    used in calculations  Diesel fuel price: 1.06 $/liter  This generation is equal to diesel fuel price / (9.84 kWh/liter eight years, the average price of diesel fuel has more than 

  8. Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-09

    Tank Mania! (1) Consider a 200 liter tank used to hold a dye solution with a concentration of 1g/liter. The tank needs to be rinsed with fresh water flowing in a

  9. NIS codes: OS = new/renewal on-site visit PT = proficiency testing on-site FOLUP = follow-up assessment MV = monitoring visit PRE = pre-assessment MOVE = on-site after lab move ADDTM = on-site to assess additions to scope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIS codes: OS = new/renewal on-site visit PT = proficiency testing on-site FOLUP = follow nonconformities only) #12;NIS codes: OS = new/renewal on-site visit PT = proficiency testing on-site FOLUP

  10. High-ResolutionReal-Time and Color-Flow MRI of Nitinol Stents M. Terashima,E. de la Pena-Almaguer,K.S. Nayak,J.M. Pauly, P.C. Yang, B.S. Hu, M.V. McConnell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayak, Krishna

    High-ResolutionReal-Time and Color-Flow MRI of Nitinol Stents M. Terashima,E. de la Pena, but they typically impair MR imaging. Nitinol stents, in contrast, have reduced artifacts and may allow real-time MRI placed in the aorta. Nitinol stent patency was seen in vivo with both high-resolution real-time and color

  11. Jornalero: the life and work of Latin American Day Laborers in Berkeley, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordonez, Juan Thomas

    2010-01-01

    people are. ”] paleta is Spanish for popsicle, thus paleterais literally “the popsicle lady. ” xi delivers general check

  12. "Es Siempre Preferible la Carpa a la Pulquería": The Construction of Poverty in the Music of the Carpas Shows in Mexico City, 1890-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieletto-Bueno, M Natalia

    2015-01-01

    self, or to the literal. In realism, matter is never deferred, but supposedly subjected to total consumption.

  13. Relocatable Fleet Code Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    from memory, computes their sum, and stores the result in a fifo: #ship mem: Memory #ship add: Adder #ship fifo: Fifo mem.inAddr.readMany: literal 0; // 1 deliver; // 2 mem.inCount: literal 10; // 3 deliver; // 4 mem.inStride: literal 1; // 5 deliver; // 6 mem.outData: [10] take, sendto add.in2; // 7 add

  14. Regulation of GHG emissions from transportation fuels: Emission quota versus emission intensity standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01

    relative to coal than base case IV: Transportation cost isCoal-based ethanol pro- 0.430 duction cost ($/liter) Ethanol transportation 0.050 cost -transportation 0.130 cost - road ($/liter) Energy used in biore?ning 13.85 (MJ/liter) GHG intensity of coal-

  15. In vitro propagation of Quercus shumardii Buckl. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Lisa Kay

    1985-01-01

    with 20 g/liter sucrose. Cultures were maintained at 45 uEm with a 16 hour photoperiod at 26 C. 0 BA was more effective than 2iP for the induction of axillary bud break. Increasing the BA concentration increased total shoot number but a supra... subcultured on WPN with 2. 0 mg/liter BA, 0. 5 mg/liter IBA, and 1. 0 mg/liter GA and produced 6. 2 shoots in six weeks. In vivo rooting of 732 was obtained when shoots dipped in 0. 5 g/liter IBA for 15 minutes. Rooted successfully acclimatized...

  16. Interpretation of self-potential measurements during injection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    indicate a small negative change. The magnitude of the change (5 to 10 mV) is near the noise level (5 mV) but they extend over a fairly broad area. The presence of a cathodic...

  17. Comparative Effectiveness of Analgesic Sedation as Primary Sedation in Medical ICU Patients vs. Conventional Sedation and Analgesia Regimens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Scott M.

    2014-05-31

    ventilation (MV). Pharmacotherapy including analgesics, sedatives, and antipsychotics are considered the standard of care to optimize patient safety and comfort during MV. Although the use of analgesics, sedatives, and antipsychotic therapies in the ICU...

  18. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung fr den Bachelorteilstudiengang Geschichte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    mit § 38 Absatz 1 des Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. September 2012, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1

  19. Zweite Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungsordnung des Bachelorstudiengangs Geographie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), zuletzt 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst

  20. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Eignungsprfungsordnung fr die Studiengnge Kirchenmusik (Diplom), Musik (Bachelor), Musikwissenschaft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst

  1. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungsordnung fr den Bachelorstudiengang Physik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß § 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und § 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung die

  2. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Gemeinsamen Prfungs-und Studienordnung fr Bachelor-Teilstudiengnge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst

  3. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Studiengang Bachelor fr Mathematik mit Informatik (Bachelor of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398 §§ 81 Abs. 7 LHG und 20 Abs. 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung die Befugnis zur Beschlussfassung verliehen wurde

  4. Prfungsordnung fr die Deutsche Sprachprfung fr den Hochschulzugang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 im Landeshochschulgesetz Mecklenburg- Vorpommern (LHG M-V) für die Aufnahme eines Studiums

  5. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung fr den Bachelorstudiengang Biologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), geändert durch 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung die Befugnis zur Beschlussfassung

  6. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungsordnung fr den Masterstudiengang Biochemie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), geändert 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst

  7. Gate-Level Characterization: Foundations and Hardware Security Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Security Keywords Gate-level characterization, thermal conditioning, hardware Trojan horse, manufacturing leakage energy, ever increasing sub- strate noise, profound and intrinsic manufacturing variabil- ity (MV rights management. However, GLC is challenging due to the existence of manufacturing variability (MV

  8. ARITHMETIC FAKE PROJECTIVE SPACES AND ARITHMETIC ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-08-28

    or SUn according as v does or does not split in l, and Mv = Mv . If v ramifies in ..... As the numerator of this number is not a power of 7, according to Proposition 1 ...

  9. Vascular Biotransport Considerations in Signaling Cascades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vandrangi, Prashanthi

    2012-01-01

    and collagen coated PTFE membranes, HEK confluent cellcellulosic, collagen coated PTFE, and polycarbonate0.67 mV, and collagen coated PTFE was -1.23 mV when soaked

  10. Design Studies for a VUV--Soft X-ray Free-Electron Laser Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corlett, J.

    2010-01-01

    0.75 MV at Q 0 (kW) Peak wall power density at 0.75 MV (W/cmlarge and the power density on the walls is small and

  11. Energy Performance Contracting for Texas: The Collaborative Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huff, H.; Matthews, J.

    1998-01-01

    energy savings report is then sent to the Owner. The M&V guideline document also includes a number of M&V option descriptions developed for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP). Options modeled on the IPMVP...

  12. The new generation of Electronic Portal Imaging Devices (EPID) based on the a-Si flat panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    at the UCSF Cancer Center on a dual energy (6 & 18 MV) linac and clinical use and development of new

  13. Studienordnung fr den Bachelor-Teilstudiengang Geschichte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschu- len des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl

  14. Studienordnung fr den Bachelor-Teilstudiengang Deutsch als Fremdsprache (DaF) an der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M

  15. Studienordnung fr den B.A.-Teilstudiengang ffentliches Recht

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    - schulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M

  16. Promotionsordnung der Rechts-und Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultt der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschul- gesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M

  17. Studienordnung fr den Masterstudiengang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschu- len des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl

  18. Johannesburg First Floor, 17 Baker Street,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    and Installation of Rotary UPS, MV Indoor Switchgear and Power Transformers at the MeerKAT site near Carnarvon

  19. Reveille V - 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-01-01

    This is the 2003 final report for the U.S. Army Monitoring and Verification (M&V) costs project. The purpose of this project is to develop a M&V Costing Toolkit to be used by the government or third party planners to design a M&V plan...

  20. Dritte Satzung zur nderung der Gemeinsamen Prfungsordnung fr Bachelor-und Master-Studiengnge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), zuletzt 2012 der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz

  1. Zweite Satzung zur nderung der Gemeinsamen Prfungs-und Studienordnung fr die Lehramtsstudiengnge an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), zuletzt-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald vom 13. Mai 2014, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und

  2. Satzung zur nderung der Studien-und Prfungsordnung fr den Bachelorstudiengang Psychologie an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. MV S. 18), zuletzt des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der

  3. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungs-und Studienordnung fr den Bachelorstudiengang Geographie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), zuletzt. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst

  4. Satzung zur nderung von Regelungen zu Prfungsteilleistungen in den Lehramtsstudiengngen Evangelische Religion Gymnasium und Regionale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. MV S. 18), zuletzt des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der

  5. I. Allgemeine Bestimmungen 1 Ziel und Zweck der Zugangsprfung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1, geändert durch Arti- kel 1 des Gesetzes vom 5 Hochschulzugangsberechtigung im Sinne von § 18 Abs. 1 LHG M-V besitzen, können eine Zugangs- prüfung ablegen, durch welche die

  6. Dritte Satzung zur nderung der Ordnung ber die Erhebung von Gebhren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S: Hochschulöffentlich bekannt gemacht am 18.10.2007 Genehmigung gemäß § 16 Abs. 5 LHG M-V erteilt mit Schreiben des

  7. Sechste Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Studiengang Humanmedizin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S gemäß §§ 81 Ab- satz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung die Befugnis zur Beschlussfas- sung

  8. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Entgelteordnung fr den weiterbildenden Masterstudiengang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18) erlässt die, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 21. April 2010 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2

  9. Satzung zur nderung der Prfungs-und Studienordnung fr den Bachelorteilstudiengang Kommunikationswissenschaft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. M-V S. 18), zuletzt. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung die Befugnis zur

  10. From living cells to atoms Compartmentalisation in the cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Tassos

    ;Mitochondrial Energy MetabolismMitochondrial Energy Metabolism #12;The Electrochemical Proton Gradient metabolism enzymes,lipid metabolism enzymes, porinporin IMSIMS 6% of total6% of total mitThe Electrochemical Proton Gradient 140 mV 60 mV (-1 pH unit) TOTAL 200 mV #12;Active transport processes are driven

  11. Programa Disciplina Interessado Nvel/Categoria Administrao Gesto da Inovao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, Rudolf Richard

    Inferenciais Bruno Saboya de Aragão M/V Arquitetura e Urbanismo Teoria do Projeto Jayme Wesley de Lima D/V Arquitetura e Urbanismo Teoria do Projeto Lucas Brasil Pereira M/V Arquitetura e Urbanismo Seminário em Arquitetura e Urbanismo Mariana Lima de Fontes M/V Arquitetura e Urbanismo Estudos Especiais em Desenho Urbano

  12. San Joaquin River Up-Stream DO TMDL Project Task 4: Monitoring Study Interim Task Report #3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    feet Orp Turbid+ Chl Chl Battery Flow mV NTU ug/L RFU voltsfeet Orp Turbid+ Chl Chl Battery Flow mV NTU ug/L RFU volts+ Chl Chl Battery mV NTU ug/L RFU volts Flow CFS 1591.84

  13. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Don

    1952-01-01

    ??IxTURE AS CALO:LATM& "RO? PRE BEAT I. - ~RIl, ), El AN &', gi)ATIOR OR STATE (liters por ~rr I ) RT(1 - o/vT3) (Cr. mole atm ). er liter v Bo(1 - b) (liters per r oIe) Ao(1 - a) vs v (p 8rrrp at?sos tpr ur*, atmos (Pv RT 0 0900 0 1050...

  14. Photovoltaic Technology Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be translated as light-electricity.

  15. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01

    Biodiversity impacts . Bioethanol . Evenness . Geographicto produce a liter of bioethanol depends on where thethen assessed for three bioethanol feedstocks at different

  16. From Ideal to Real: Understanding the Role of Pathogens in the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Ian Matthew

    2013-01-01

    tank along with synthetic greywater (3.5 L) at a 1:2 volumeflushing (31). The synthetic greywater on a per liter basis

  17. UNCOMPUTABLY LARGE INTEGRAL POINTS ON ALGEBRAIC PLANE CURVES?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, J. Maurice

    and coeÆcient sizes of f . Finding such bounds is literally one of the holy grails of number theory. Huge

  18. Cool CAVEs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Idaho National Laboratory's "CAVE" -- 3-D Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment –- allows scientists to literally walk into their data and look at it from multiple perspectives.

  19. High Flux Isotope Reactor named Nuclear Historic Landmark | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A major upgrade to HFIR in 2007 provided improved beam lines, new instruments and a cold source that expanded its research capabilities by literally chilling, or removing...

  20. Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Brent Douglas

    2009-01-01

    Dogwood Valley:: Skwíyò. doll :: mimele'ó:ylha doll'], literally /'little child'sHT. , PE ['doll'], see méle ~ mél:a.

  1. SEX PHEROMONE ACTIVITY OF THE MOLTING HORMONE, CRUSTECDYSONE, ON MALE CRABS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    constructed from 4-liter beakers. With a glass blowing torch and the edge of a carbon flat we formed an indent

  2. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF COMBUSTION GENERATED SOOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toossi, Reza

    2010-01-01

    during the reaction, flame velocities are then normalized tofollowing reaction for the burning velocity of a combustiblevelocity (cm/sec) volume flow rate (liters/min) reaction

  3. Systems integration for global sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    footprinting of global biofuel production. Appl. Energy 112,tion research because biofuel production and consumption as90% of the global biofuel production of 105 billion liters

  4. ECE 667 -Synthesis & Verification -Lecture 9 ECE 697B (667)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    ,...} foreach gi { Vgi= foreach fj { if(fj contains all literals of gi) { vij=fj - literals of gi Vgi=Vgi vij } } } H = iVgi R = F - GH return (H,R); } ECE 667 - Synthesis & Verification - Lecture 9 10 Example

  5. For Problems 33—3 8, use a differential equation solver to de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan 7, 2010 ... amount of chemical in the tank at time t. Cg (1.7.1). Solution of concentration c1 grams/liter flows in at a rate of r1 liters/minute. A(t) = amount of ...

  6. NSTX Weekly Report (June 04, 2010) FY 2010 NSTX plasma operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    ,1028,1027, 1064, and 1043. - LITER units F1 and K1 were craned from the Test Cell to the South High Bay for reloading. - LITER unit F1 was reloaded with 84.70 grams of lithium. · Liquid Lithium Divertor Diagnostics it runs. Engineering Operations (A. von Halle, C. Neumeyer) NSTX plasma operations continued this past

  7. Virginia Commonwealth University Community Engagement Grant Recipients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    and Language Training for Adult Immigrant Learners from Non-literate Societies Community Partner: Total Access-learning students will serve as language tutors to non-literate adult learners. Richmond Chapter of Foundation: Allison Gregory, RN, FNP-BC, School of Nursing VCU Partners: School of Nursing, School of Medicine, School

  8. Regulation of GHG emissions from transportation fuels: Emission quota versus emission intensity standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01

    ethanol in gCO2e/liter Price of coal energy 0.0020 ($/MJ)model estimate 8. Price of coal energy: average deliveredI II III IV V Price of ethanol ($/liter) Coal-based ethanol

  9. Development of a mathematical model for determining drug absorption parameters in Caco-2 cell monolayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaser, David

    2006-10-27

    C /**/** max ++??= BBabCabBab VSmCCPdt dC /*)(* ?= SmCCPSmMK MvSmCCPdtdM BabCab Cab CabCabAabCab *)(****)(* max ?? +??= A Cba CbaAAbaCbaAba VSm MK MvVSmCCP dt dC /**/*)(* max ++?= BCbaBbaBba VSmCCPdt dC /*)(* ??= SmMK MvSmCCPSmCCPdtdM Cba CbaAbaCbaCbaBbaCba...C /**/** max ++??= BBabCabBab VSmCCPdt dC /*)(* ?= SmCCPSmMK MvSmCCPdtdM BabCab Cab CabCabAabCab *)(****)(* max ?? +??= A Cba CbaAAbaCbaAba VSm MK MvVSmCCP dt dC /**/*)(* max ++?= BCbaBbaBba VSmCCPdt dC /*)(* ??= SmMK MvSmCCPSmCCPdtdM Cba CbaAbaCbaCbaBbaCba...

  10. 2058-D02 Rev F 8/15/2005 PO Box 366, 435 Route 206N, Newton, NJ 07860

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    Bandwidth DC to 10MHz Noise (RMS) 0.28 mV 0.33 mV 0.44 mV NEP (960nm, 0dB) 1 x 10 -11 W/Hz Offset -5 mV 6 mV 15 mV NEP (960nm, 10dB) 8 x 10 -12 W/Hz 10 dB Setting NEP (960nm, 20dB) 5 x 10 -12 W/Hz Transimpedance Gain 1 4.7 x 10 4 V/A NEP (960nm, 30dB) 5 x 10 -12 W/Hz Trans. Gain (50) 1 2.35 x 10 4 V/A NEP

  11. Standard Measurement & Verification Plan for Lighting Equipment Retrofit or Replacement Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2009-11-04

    This document provides a framework for a standard Measurement and Verification (M&V) plan for lighting projects. It was developed to support cost-effective retrofits (partial and complete replacements) of lighting systems and is intended to provide a foundation for an M&V plan for a lighting retrofit utilizing a "best practice" approach, and to provide guidance to site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations on what is essential for a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. This document provides examples of appropriate elements of an M&V plan, including the calculation of expected energy savings. The standard M&V plan, as provided, also allows for consistent comparison with other similar lighting projects. Although intended for lighting retrofit applications, M&V plans developed per this framework document may also be used for other non-lighting technology retrofits and new installations.

  12. Standard Measurement and Verification Plan for Lighting Retrofit Projects for Buildings and Building Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2012-10-31

    This document provides a framework for standard measurement and verification (M&V) of lighting retrofit and replacement projects. It was developed to provide site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations with the essential elements of a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. It includes details on all aspects of effectively measuring light levels of existing and post-retrofit projects, conducting power measurement, and developing cost-effectiveness analysis. This framework M&V plan also enables consistent comparison among similar lighting projects, and may be used to develop M&V plans for non--lighting-technology retrofits and new installations.

  13. UNIVERSITT ROSTOCK AMTLICHE BEKANNTMACHUNGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    O) vom 29. Mai 2006 Aufgrund von § 2 Abs. 1 des Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl

  14. Dimensionality reduction by rank preservation Victor Onclinx, John A. Lee, Vincent Wertz, and Michel Verleysen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    of the IREC Institute and MLG. V.W. and M.V. are with the ICTEAM and MLG. Part of this paper presents research

  15. Estimating the Economic Boost of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples in South Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O’Neill, Justin; Mallory, Christy; Badgett, M.V. Lee

    2014-01-01

    Statistics Summary for South Carolina. Badgett, M.V. Lee &M. Cooke, (2010). “South Carolina Census Snapshot: 2010” (Impact of Travel on South Carolina Counties 2012. ” Scott

  16. LANL: Ion Beam Materials Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and materials synthesis through ion implantation technology, and radiation damage stud- ies in gases, liquids, and solids. The laboratory's core is a 3.2 MV tandem ion...

  17. Well Completion Report for Corrective Action Unit 443 Central Nevada Test Area Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-12-01

    The drilling program described in this report is part of a new corrective action strategy for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 443 at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA). The drilling program included drilling two boreholes, geophysical well logging, construction of two monitoring/validation (MV) wells with piezometers (MV-4 and MV-5), development of monitor wells and piezometers, recompletion of two existing wells (HTH-1 and UC-1-P-1S), removal of pumps from existing wells (MV-1, MV-2, and MV-3), redevelopment of piezometers associated with existing wells (MV-1, MV-2, and MV-3), and installation of submersible pumps. The new corrective action strategy includes initiating a new 5-year proof-of-concept monitoring period to validate the compliance boundary at CNTA (DOE 2007). The new 5-year proof-of-concept monitoring period begins upon completion of the new monitor wells and collection of samples for laboratory analysis. The new strategy is described in the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan addendum (DOE 2008a) that the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection approved (NDEP 2008).

  18. Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-48267

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -conditioning KIUC Kauai Island Utility Cooperative kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy M&V measurement

  19. Opening Remarks, Grid Integration Initiative Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Loads Power Systems Integration Lab PV and Grid Simulators Energy Systems Integration Lab Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers Outdoor Test Area EVs, MV equipment Rooftop PV & Wind Energy...

  20. Heat Pump Water Heaters and American Homes: A Good Fit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, Victor

    2011-01-01

    M.V. Lapsa. 2001. Residential Heat Pump Water Heater (HPWH)Calwell. 2005. Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters: Energyfor Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters Installed in

  1. A Power Reduction Technique Through Dynamic Runtime Algorithm For CMOS VLSI Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kadry, Syed Md. Jaffrey Al-

    2012-01-01

    200mV . . . . . . . .Standard Cell Leakage Power Comparisonbody Bias . Standard Cell Switching Power Comparison withPower and Delay data for FBB on Basic Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  2. Downside Risk Constraints and Currency Hedging in International Portfolios: the Asian and Late-2000 Crisis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Ying

    2012-02-14

    The Financial Crisis, indicate that SF portfolio outperforms MV portfolio during most of the times, this result is especially obvious for Indonesian and Thailand....

  3. Organic composition and environmental conditions in mangrove sediments : a key for reconstructing the evolution of theFrench Guiana coast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    values (range : 200 to 400mV), due to the oxygen made available by mangrove roots (Sholander et al., 1955

  4. Anther culture of Cucurbita pepo L. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Yin-Fu

    1981-01-01

    in vitro. 32 9. Effect of 2, 4-D, IAA, NAA and kinetin on squash anthers cultured in vitro 33 10. Effect of kinetin on squash anthers cultured in vitro. 34 11. Effect of illumination on squash anthers cultured in vitro. . . 3B 12. Effect of kinetin... investigated. 28 3. Root development in anther culture of Cucurbita ~e o L. A) Root development from connective tissue in a modified Nitsch and Nitsch medium supplemented with 2 mg/liter 2, 4-D, 2 mg/ liter NAA and 1 mg/liter kinetin, B) Root development...

  5. Leptospirosis in striped skunks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, Earl Eugene

    1962-01-01

    H to 7. 4, the complete medium was sterilised by filtration using a 2-liter Seita filter equipped with a ST-3 steriliaing asbestos filter pad, The entire 3 liters were collected in a 4-liter aspirator bottle to which a tubing bell had been attached... were prepared by inoculating rabbits intravenously with successive doses of 1, 2, $A and 6 ml. of live cultures at 7 day intervals. The serum was collected 7 days after the last inoculation, mixed with an equal amount of glycerin, and sterilised...

  6. Jeudi 3 octobre 2013 Grid integration of REN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    of Smartgrids Nouredine Hadjsaid, Grenoble INP/ENSE3, laboratoire G2ELAB, CNRS #12;MV/LV 20kV/400V HV/MV 63kV/20 de distribution Opérateur Système Production Transport Distribution SmartGrids Evolution: Value chain and implication SmartGrids value chain Interface des c Interface des c #12;Tools for managing complexity ICT

  7. Published: April 29, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 5025 dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103875d |Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011, 45, 50255031

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chromium Reduction and Electricity Generation from Biocathode Microbial Fuel Cells Liping Huang,, * Xiaolei ' INTRODUCTION A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a device that extracts energy from wastes and wastewaters through well studied.4 Optimized biocathode potentials of 242 mV and 345 mV have been shown to reduce the time

  8. Review of Methods for Measuring and Verifying Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits to Existing Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2003-01-01

    The Measurement & Verification (M&V) process has evolved in the last 15 years to provide a high confidence approach for determining the resulting savings from a variety of retrofits and energy efficiency enhancements. M&V has a dual role. First...

  9. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management" an der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch das Gesetz vom 10. Juli. Februar 2007, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 3. Mai 2006 gemäß §§ 81 Abs. 7 LHG und 20 Abs. 1 Satz 2 der

  10. Dritte Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Masterstudiengang ,,Health Care Management"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , das zuletzt durch Artikel 6 des des Senats vom 16. April 2008 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung die

  11. Zweite Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management" an der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz - LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 19 des Geset LHG und 20 Abs. 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald die Befugnis

  12. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den B.A.-Teilstudiengang ,,ffentliches Recht"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    ­ LHG M-V) vom 5. Juli 2002 (GVOBl. M-V S. 398)1 , zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 19 des Gesetzes vom 10. März 2007, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 3. Mai 2006 gemäß §§ 81 Abs. 7 LHG und 20 Abs. 1 Satz 2 der

  13. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungs-und Studienordnung fr den Bachelorteilstudiengang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBl. M-V S. 18), zuletzt-Arndt-Universität Greifswald vom 11. Dezember 2013, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M

  14. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungsordnung des Masterstudiengangs Health Care Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M- V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. M-V S. 18), zuletzt der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2

  15. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Bachelorteilstudiengang Geschichte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    mit § 39 Absatz 1 des Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25 vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 #12;2 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der

  16. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungs-und Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs Biomathematik an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. M-V S. 18), zuletzt-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald vom 10. Juni 2014, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M

  17. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungs-und Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs Mathematik an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    -Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 (GVOBI. M-V S. 18), zuletzt-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald vom 10. Juni 2014, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M

  18. Counting Mountain-Valley Assignments for Flat Folds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hull, Thomas C.

    Counting Mountain-Valley Assignments for Flat Folds Thomas Hull Department of Mathematics Merrimack), a mountain-valley (MV) assignment is a function f : E {M,V} which indicates which crease lines are con- vex can be thought of as a structural blueprint of the fold.) Creases come in two types: mountain creases

  19. Erosion and Sedimentation on the Carnegie Ridge, Eastern Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Caroline Kelly

    2014-11-17

    ? The extent of erosion and re-deposition was studied during the R/V Melville cruise MV1014 from October to November 2010 to compare with geochemical estimates of sediment focusing. The MV1014 cruise acquired geochemical, geological and geophysical data...

  20. www.landesbioscience.com GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 1 GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 3:4, 1-5; October/November/December 2012; 2012 Landes Bioscience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a strong constitutive pro- moter, generating high levels of gene expression in dicotyledon- ous plants fam- ily. CaMV was one of first plant DNA viruses to be studied, and its double-stranded circular DNA. The regulatory elements of CaMV have been used since the 1980s to express novel genes in plants;2 specifically

  1. Report of the First Texas National Egg-Laying Contest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazmeier, F. W.

    1919-01-01

    This is the 2003 final report for the U.S. Army Monitoring and Verification (M&V) costs project. The purpose of this project is to develop a M&V Costing Toolkit to be used by the government or third party planners to design ...

  2. CONFERENCE REPORT The Role of Energy in the Emergence of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

    and Gas Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkina 3, Moscow 119991, Russia M. Y. Galperin :E. V, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119992, Russia M. Y. Chudetsky Institute of Oil, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University( Moscow 119992, Russia A. Y. Mulkidjanian (*) School

  3. Complexity-Distortion Tradeoffs in Vector Matching based on Probabilistic Partial Distance Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega, Antonio

    requirements. The SAD of a motion vector mv is defined as S(mv) = (nx,ny)B |It(nx, ny) - It-1(nx + mvx, ny + mvy)| where It(nx, ny) is the intensity level of pixel (nx, ny) at frame t, B is normally the set

  4. CoWare, Inc. 1997-2003 System Level Design Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    , Application- Specific Processors Software Complexity Battery Power Processor Performance Algorithmic ExampleExample ­­ SonySony ·· Sony MicroSony Micro--MV DCR IP7MV DCR IP7 -- First to MarketFirst to Market -- $1699 Retail Price$1699 Retail Price -- Utilized CoWare ·· Panasonic PVPanasonic PV--DC252DC252 -- 7

  5. Wavelets, Self-organizing Maps and Artificial Neural Nets for Predicting Energy Use and Estimating Uncertainties in Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei, Yafeng

    2010-01-14

    .............................................. 4 II LITERATURE REVIEW ......................................................................................... 6 Review of DOE IPMVP & FEMP Guideline and ASHRAE Guideline 14..., certification requires the approval of an M&V plan which requires establishing a baseline energy use model to calculate energy savings after implementation of ECMs. Monitoring and verification (M&V) programs such as FEMP (DOE 2000), IPMVP (DOE 2007...

  6. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN -PS DIVISION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keil, Eberhard

    for the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) for an average accelerating gradient above 100 MV/m are electrical Abstract The main performance limits when designing acceler- ating structures for the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) for an average accelerating gradient above 100 MV/m are electrical breakdown and material

  7. Stellar Rotation Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 215, c 2003 IAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owocki, Stanley P.

    magnetic confine- ment parameter', (= B2 eqR2 / Mv), which characterizes the ratio between magnetic field magnetic confinement parameter', (= B2 eqR2 / Mv), which characterizes the ratio between magnetic field. The Effects of Field-Aligned Rotation on the Magnetically Channeled Line-Driven Winds Asif ud-Doula Department

  8. PE, MASc, BSc, BEng, LEED AP Enermodal Engineering Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Associates, Inc. #12;Creating energy and resource efficient buildings Agenda Why does it matter? How much energy does my building use? M&V Overview University of Massachusetts Amherst Campus Police Station M&V Case Studies #12;Creating energy and resource efficient buildings Why Lower energy consumption

  9. Algal Biodiesel via Innovative Harvesting and Aquaculture Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    harvesting process at a sufficient scale (>300,000 U.S. gallons 1,135,632 liters of algae culture processed per day) to facilitate commercial scale-up. * Goal 2: Show that the...

  10. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY, 1977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01

    Quantities Discharged Total Volume 10" Liters , Hearst SewerStrawberry Sewer TOTAL Net Concentrations Total a uCi ftfLaboratory. Trends in sanitary sewer monitoring data are,

  11. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schleimer Ed, Gary E.

    2010-01-01

    Volume 10 Liters Total au Ci Total g - y mCi Hearst Sewer *Strawberry Sewer TOTAL Net Concentrations _q Concentration,as shown in the table. Sewer Sampling Table 9 summarizes the

  12. WATER INFLOW INTO BOREHOLES DURING THE STRIPA HEATER EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    is plotted against water extraction rate with temper­ aturei^ H 2 _ -i I Liquid water extraction rate (liters/day) XBLholi? s due to water extraction was negligible because the

  13. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,the production and processing of each gallon of crude oil (production and processing of 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of crude oil

  14. Making the Grade? Idiom processing by native and non-native speakers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Elizabeth

    2012-11-28

    This paper is investigating the processing of idioms by native and non-native speakers. In particular, it seeks to discover whether there is a processing bias, either literally or figuratively, and whether native speakers ...

  15. Experiment centered design in a massively multiplayer online educational game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Shawn (Shawn S.)

    2013-01-01

    With the United States of America suffering from a lack of scientifically literate grade and secondary school students, educational games offer an opportunity to engage and inspire students to take interest in science, ...

  16. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    water from production of crude oil, natural gas, and coaleach gallon (3.79 liters) of crude oil. When combined withto refine each gallon of crude oil, between 3.6 and 7.0

  17. THE PHYSICS TEACHER Vol. 44, April 2006 255 Christopher Chiaverina, Column Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    with- out attending to the global warming that comes with them. Modern technology is miraculous beliefs such as the so-called "literal truth" of par- ticular religious texts. Thus, funda- mentalists

  18. A Review of "Desire and Dramatic Form in Early Modern England" by Judith Haber 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Elisa

    2011-01-01

    , then brother and husband. The play?s obsession with fathering?producing children without a troublesome mother?is literalized in incest that destroys the purity of the parthenogenesis it desires. Margaret Cavendish?s self-conscious disruptions...

  19. Migration of saline solutions in variably saturated porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selker, John

    more than 4 million liters of highly saline solutions have leaked from radioactive waste storage tanks environments; it is uncommon for concentrations resulting from agrochemicals and other contaminants to 0169

  20. Review: Globalization of Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennant, Matthew Aaron

    2009-01-01

    Review: Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’sAshok K. Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s140) liters of virtual water (p. 15). This is one of the

  1. On the Difficulty of Replicating Human Subjects Studies in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    a literal replication of a human subjects experiment that examined the relationship between a simple test: MISCELLANEOUS General Terms: Experimentation Keywords experience report, empirical, human subjects, replication with replication for experiments involving human subjects. Such experi- ments are increasingly important

  2. How to Pass the Turing Test by Cheating Jason L Hutchens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    literally just around the corner. This prompted the great British mathemetician, Alan Turing, to devise by explaining why the Loebner contest is doomed to failure. 2 Can Machines Think? Alan Turing was a brilliant

  3. Cost and Performance Comparison Baseline for Fossil Energy Power...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 Filtered Water Tank Vertical, cylindrical 1,919,204 liter (507,000 gal) 1 0 24 Makeup Water Demineralizer Multi-media filter, cartridge filter, RO membrane assembly,...

  4. Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 Filtered Water Tank Vertical, cylindrical 1,839,000 liter (486,000 gal) 1 0 24 Makeup Water Demineralizer Multi-media filter, cartridge filter, RO membrane assembly,...

  5. Open Source Architecture: An Exploration of Source Code and Access in Architectural Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardouli, Theodora

    The term open source is increasingly applied to architecture, yet there is little consensus about what it means in this context. This paper explores how different literal and metaphoric interpretations of the “access to ...

  6. Modeling the Thermal Mechanical Behavior of a 300 K Vacuum Vessel that is Cooled by Liquid Hydrogen in Film Boiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, S.Q.; Green, M.A.; Lau, W.

    2004-01-01

    VESSEL THAT IS COOLED BY LIQUID HYDROGEN IN FILM BOILING S.window that is part of a 20-liter liquid hydrogen vessel.This rupture will spill liquid hydrogen onto the walls and

  7. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    they come to my house. Two FBI guys come to the door, andon the door, and they look like FBI guys, with the shoes andpeople with flash cameras. The FBI guys run away, literally.

  8. Sandia Energy - Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    shares all of the attributes of a modern diesel engine: four valves; a central, vertical fuel injector; and a displacement of about 0.5 liters per cylinder. The geometry of a...

  9. VOLUME LXXVI, NUMBER 4, WINTER 2013 When asked to envision a typical workspace, most of us imagine neutral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    --literally. BY JESSICA STOLLER-CONRAD 20 ENGI NEER I NG & SCIENCE WINTER 2013 #12;The cleanroom at the Kavli Nanoscience, uses a tool in the cleanroom to produce plasmonic chips--devices that increase the intensity of light

  10. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    2,584–4,359 kWh/million liters) for seawater desalination.energy required for seawater desalination is higher than thethat use seawater for cooling with desalination plants may

  11. Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Analyzed the effects of higher hydrocarbon emissions from PCCI combustion on SCR catalysts in operating a light-duty 1.9-liter GM diesel engine in both PCCI and conventional combustion modes

  12. The experience and image of American elevated railways : rapid transit infrastructure in the urban consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Gordon Benedict

    2009-01-01

    At the turn of the twentieth century, elevated railways were built out of a practical need to literally "elevate" traffic above the street. In most cases, these lines served two distinct purposes. They served existing ...

  13. Advanced Text Searching of Electronic Information Related to Forensic Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haenchen, Steven L.

    2009-12-07

    and electronic Boolean text searches. Text searching technology has been studied for over fifty years generating literally thousands of documents and books for a literature review. The focus of the literature includes accuracy of searching, optimization...

  14. Development of a methodology for evaluating investments in infrastructure for the sustainable exploitation of shale energy in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agosta, Bruno R

    2015-01-01

    In 2011, a new word entered into the popular vocabulary of Argentina: Vaca Muerta (VM, literally: Dead Cow); almost like a discovery, it was announced that Argentina had large hydrocarbon resources that were trapped in ...

  15. Megan Baumgart, Maureen Condon and Michael Loosemore, `03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was seeing all the destruction wrought upon this area by Hurricane Iris in October of 2001. Iris literally having lost what little they possessed in the first place, they remain upbeat. The rebuilding effort

  16. The Evolution of Sustainable Personal Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungers, Bryan D

    2009-01-01

    L- liter Li-Ion- lithium-ion (batteries) NEV- neighborhoodnickel metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries are the mostlife information for lithium ion batteries can be reported.

  17. Mirror Writing Across Cultures: motor hypothesis vs. directional apraxia in dextrad and sinistrad writers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Kate

    2013-01-01

    ‘Mirror writing’ – the production of backwards facing script - occurs frequently in semi-literate children with the dominant right hand, and involuntarily with the non-dominant left hand amongst brain damaged adults, and ...

  18. Psychological Science 1997, Vol. 8, No. 4, 282-289

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a viewpoint-invariant frame of reference (Marr & Nishihara, 1978; Palmer, 1977). For We thank Jeff Liter and Alice O'Toole for their comments and, in particular Jeff for summarizing his thesis, and Jay Servidea

  19. Preprint version of article published in Perception and Psychophysics, 61: 636660 (1999) Parsing silhouettes: The short-cut rule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Manish

    1999-01-01

    , 1987; 1990; Bie- derman & Cooper, 1991; Hoffman & Richards, 1984; Marr & Nishihara, 1978; Palmer, 1977 Braunstein, Mike D'Zmura, Ki-Ho Jeon, Jin Kim, Jeff Liter, Scott Richman, Asad Saidpour, and Jessica Turner

  20. English Word Segmentation in Korean-English Biliterates: A Hangul Orthographic Structure Effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kayoung

    2015-05-07

    that the sets of skills necessary to become literate and develop further literacy skills in non-Roman scripts necessitate orthography-specific encoding abilities (Just & Carpenter, 1987; Yang & McConkie, 1999; Yan, Tian, Bai, & Rayner, 2006). Only...

  1. APPENDIX 6 : ABBRE VIATIONS Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    kilometer L liter LME large marine ecosystem LNG liquid natural gas m meter MAFMC Mid-Atlantic Fishery National Research Council NRCS Natural Resources Conservation Service NWFSC Northwest Fisheries Science

  2. Energizing the "K-Gray" Community: Energy Literacy Essential...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    one would have if energy literate. Energy Literacy 2.0, updated with the most recent energy data, is set to be printed September 2013, and the Energy Literacy Framework will be...

  3. www.jmu.edu/mathstat/sums Shenandoah Undergraduate Mathematics and Statistics presents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Elizabeth A.

    conference in Harrisonburg, Virginia. Knot theory, experimental mathematics, and 3D printing Making, the recently accessible technology of 3D printing can take abstract mathematical objects and literally make

  4. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    of radon of the order of 1-5 pCi/Uter appears to te aof concentrations over 1 pCi/l. The monitor draus airusually low (approximately 0.1 pCi/liter) the experimental

  5. Impact of Sunlight and Humic Acid on the Deposition Kinetics of Aqueous Fullerene Nanoparticles (nC60)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    waters and micrograms per liter in wastewater treatment plant effluents.2 Because C60 as a molecule has DLVO theory and mostly happens in the primary minimum.19 However, the majority of past studies were c

  6. H. Christopher Frey, frey@ncsu.edu North Carolina State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    , 2006 Consumption in 2006: · 811 billion liters of petroleum · 17 million cubic meters of natural gas ­ Propulsion (e.g., combustion, hybrid, electric, fuel cell) ­ Fuel (e.g., biofuels, additives) ­ Lubricants

  7. Closing the gateways of democracy : cities and the militarization of protest policing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golan, Gan

    2005-01-01

    In the era of globalization, cities function as 'gateways of democracy,' the spaces and places where the civil society literally 'marches through' in order to deliver oppositional claims into the global arena. However, ...

  8. Report on the paper "The number of inversions and the major in-dex of permutations are asymptotically joint-independently-normal",

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    no bearing on the overall validity of the main result. The main one is the following: the description of the main result on the bottom half of page 2 is inaccurate (and false if interpreted literally

  9. Dynamics of decadally cycling carbon in subsurface soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koarashi, Jun; Hockaday, William C; Masiello, Caroline A; Trumbore, Susan E

    2012-01-01

    of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by freshcarbon input G03033 from fresh liter to deep mineral soils,Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. , 71, 347–354, doi:

  10. COGNITIVE SCIENCE, 14, 179-211 (1990). Finding Structure in Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    1990-01-01

    Research and contract DAAB-07-87-C-H027 from Army Avionics, Ft. Monmouth. Requests for reprints should, in models of motor activity an important issue is whether the action plan is a literal specification

  11. ORNL researcher developing robotic hand

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr.Lonnie Love

    2010-01-08

    Oak Ridge National Lab is literally giving the robotics industry a hand. One scientist there is currently working on a fluid powered hand that will help everyone from amputees to the military.

  12. BNL | ATF Experimental Chambers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Injection Vacuum Chamber Located on beam line 1, the "Smith-Purcell box" has 140 liters of usable volume. Due to its size, it is mounted on a fixed platform. Hosted...

  13. Kilns and Firing Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Paul

    2010-01-01

    obviating the problem of fly ash is to use a downdraft kiln.surface might be damaged by fly ash, or blackened by sootthe reaction between the “fly ash” (literally, particles of

  14. Paul Glowaski: Garden Director, Homeless Garden Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    was this kid moving from Vermont. I’m sure I was coming fromGlowaski: Literally, and I’m no better off. I loved Vermont.Vermont is amazing. It’s just so nice, and everybody is

  15. Energy Efficiency Design Options for Residential Water Heaters: Economic Impacts on Consumers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2011-01-01

    76 to 379 liters) for gas storage water heaters and aStorage Water Heaters Gas Storage Water Heaters Electricand PBP Results for Gas Storage Water Heaters LCC Average

  16. Keeping LANL Green

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equipment at four processing points resulted in more than 72,000 liters of liquid helium being captured and reused producing an annual savings of more than 1 million. Show...

  17. Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atlas, R.M.

    2012-01-01

    a North Slope relatively heavy oil (API gravity=29), as wellmoderate oiling and 2.6% had heavy oil levels 9 ; 87% of themillion liters North Slope Heavy Oil (API 29) Tanker spill

  18. Study of accelerator neutrino interactions in a liquid argon TPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Martinez de la Ossa

    2007-03-16

    We study the potentialities of a 50 liter liquid argon TPC prototype operated at the CERN WANF neutrino beam. We concentrate on the selection and reconstruction of quasi-elastic events and measure the cross section for this reaction.

  19. "And I shall make thee a great nation..." Anglo-Israelism and the quest for a racial theology of Empire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teeter, Tara Leigh

    2013-02-22

    Anglo-Israelism created a national history for the British people that justified and explained the Empire they had created. This movement stated that the British people were the literal descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes ...

  20. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    biofuels_vision_2030_en.pdf 61. Eur. Biodiesel Board. 2011.What Is Biodiesel? http://www.ebb-eu.org/biodiesel.php 62.13–14 (ethanol); 4 (biodiesel) b b Liters/gigajoule

  1. Noun class agreement and the elements of the noun phrase in Gitonga-Inhambane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mata, R

    2015-01-01

    GEN -8.animals ‘the animals’ house’ [GT00800] With certain?a-nra??ane 7.animal 7. AGR -house ‘domesticated animal’ (literally ‘animal of the house’) [GT00733] [GT00733] [

  2. Computer Literacy Skills of Net Generation Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duke, Christopher

    2012-07-16

    Younger learners are widely considered to be technologically savvy and computer literate because of their lifelong exposure to ubiquitous technology. Educators often rely on that assumption to justify changes to institutional curricula, technology...

  3. Heavy-Duty Waste Hauler with Chemically Correct Natural Gas Engine Diluted with EGR and Using a Three-Way Catalyst: Final Report, 24 February 2004 -- 23 February 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reppert, T.; Chiu, J.

    2005-09-01

    This report discusses the development of a E7G 12-liter, lean-burn natural gas engine--using stoichiometric combustion, cooled exhaust gas recirculation, and three-way catalyst technologies--for refuse haulers.

  4. Commerce Control List Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 Category 2--page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , Office of Defense Trade Controls. (See 22 CFR part 121.) Related Definitions: Annular Bearing Engineers); or a.9. Zirconium oxide (zirconia) (ZrO2); b. Crucibles with a volume of between 50 ml and 2 liters

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol production co to manufacture fuel ethanol (Rosentrater and Muthukumarappan, 2006). In 2008, 174 operating ethanol plants.1 billion liters (RFA, 2009). With this exponential growth in ethanol production, significant quantities

  6. Olivia Pobiel/the Justice TALK ABOUT IT: Artist Omer Fast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    as a U.S. Air Force Predator drone operator, whose job was, literally, to watch the damage of Predator drones and determine the best method of placement for the drones so as to maximize their potential

  7. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01

    from oil produc- tion and domestic consumption. Using dataoil revenues due to the introduction of biofuels by increasing domestic fuel consumptionon Gasoline Consumption OPEC U.S. cents per liter All Oil-

  8. INTRODUCTION The obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jacqueline K.

    , increasing incidence of resistance to these toxins (Pree et al., 2001, 2002) and U.S. government alone. Virgin females of each spe- cies (2­4 d old) were placed into 1-liter plastic assay chambers

  9. Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanik, Bruce Walter

    2012-07-16

    Health educators are expected to serve as resource of health knowledge and being e-health literate enable health educators to perform that function. However, the e-health literacy level of health education undergraduate students is rarely explored...

  10. Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    emissions from PCCI combustion on SCR catalysts in operating a light-duty 1.9-liter GM diesel engine in both PCCI and conventional combustion modes deer11parks.pdf More...

  11. Perceptions of Power: A Comparison of Perceptions of the Organizational Power of IT Departments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stogsdill, Steven P.

    2010-10-12

    are not directly tied yet share structural positions, because the actions and reactions of non-directly tied actors have ?consequences for one another through the actions and reactions of intermediaries? (Markovsky, 1997, p. 71). In research that follows a... or organizational members. The theory?s basic argument is straightforward. When people from different categories of social groups (e.g., computer literate and non-computer-literate, or differing gender socializations) find themselves in situations in which...

  12. El teatro cubano de los 80: Creación versus oficialidad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correa, Armando

    1992-04-01

    recogen sus instrumentos. Lenin consuela a Marilyn. Chaplin consuela a Marilyn. Los Beatles consuelan a Marilyn. Cae la bomba atómica. En "Apoteosis del icono" no se puede buscar una interpretación literal de la imagen. El autor parte de una... recogen sus instrumentos. Lenin consuela a Marilyn. Chaplin consuela a Marilyn. Los Beatles consuelan a Marilyn. Cae la bomba atómica. En "Apoteosis del icono" no se puede buscar una interpretación literal de la imagen. El autor parte de una...

  13. Batch load anaerobic digestion of dairy manure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egg, Richard P

    1979-01-01

    and medium size dairy operations unless the pro- cess can be made more efficient or some other economic benefit can be derived from the manure. A recent study indicated that a batch load process might be more efficient in waste stabilization and biogas... rate of biogas production was 0. 69 liters biogas/liter digester/ day. This volumetric biogas production increased with increasing influent total solids concentration. Influent concentration had little effect on other biogas production parameters...

  14. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, M. M.; Satrio, J. A.; Brown, R. C.; Daugaard, D. E.; Hsu, D. D.

    2010-11-01

    This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).

  15. Measurement&verification reality check: A yawning gapbetween theory and practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Satish; Haberl, Jeff; Claridge, David; Turner, Dan; O'Neal, Dennis; Sharp, Terry; Sifuentes, Teresa; Lopez, Felix; Taylor, Dub

    2002-06-01

    The success of an energy efficiency program should bemeasured in terms of the actual energy savings, and not against"stipulated" or estimated energy savings.Although M&V guidelines andprotocols have standardized methods for verifying energy savings accruingfrom the implementation of an energy efficiency project, M&V islargely viewed as a cost center rather than a value proposition. The jurymay still be out on the real value of M&V because it is oftenperceived as very expensive and too technical. This paper will reviewmeasured energy savings data from the Texas LoanSTAR Program and analyzeavailable data and program requirements of Federal and state performancecontracting programs that require some level of M&V to verify energysavings. The intent is to determine the role of M&V in differentprograms and what implications it has on the success or failure of theprograms. The paper concludes with suggestions to use M&V as a riskmanagement tool wherein both the service provider and the customer have avested interest to perform appropriate level of M&V to reduceuncertainty in energy savings in a cost effective manner.

  16. Utility of Megavoltage Fan-Beam CT for Treatment Planning in a Head-And-Neck Cancer Patient with Extensive Dental Fillings Undergoing Helical Tomotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Claus; Liu Tianxiao; Jennelle, Richard L.; Ryu, Janice K.; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Chen, Allen M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)], E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the potential utility of megavoltage fan-beam computed tomography (MV-FBCT) for treatment planning in a patient undergoing helical tomotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the presence of extensive dental artifact. A 28-year-old female with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma presented for radiation therapy. Due to the extensiveness of the dental artifact present in the oral cavity kV-CT scan acquired at simulation, which made treatment planning impossible on tomotherapy planning system, MV-FBCT imaging was obtained using the HI-ART tomotherapy treatment machine, with the patient in the treatment position, and this information was registered with her original kV-CT scan for the purposes of structure delineation, dose calculation, and treatment planning. To validate the feasibility of the MV-FBCT-generated treatment plan, an electron density CT phantom (model 465, Gammex Inc., Middleton, WI) was scanned using MV-FBCT to obtain CT number to density table. Additionally, both a 'cheese' phantom (which came with the tomotherapy treatment machine) with 2 inserted ion chambers and a generic phantom called Quasar phantom (Modus Medical Devices Inc., London, ON, Canada) with one inserted chamber were used to confirm dosimetric accuracy. The MV-FBCT could be used to clearly visualize anatomy in the region of the dental artifact and provide sufficient soft-tissue contrast to assist in the delineation of normal tissue structures and fat planes. With the elimination of the dental artifact, the MV-FBCT images allowed more accurate dose calculation by the tomotherapy system. It was confirmed that the phantom material density was determined correctly by the tomotherapy MV-FBCT number to density table. The ion chamber measurements agreed with the calculations from the MV-FBCT generated phantom plan within 2%. MV-FBCT may be useful in radiation treatment planning for nasopharyngeal cancer patients in the setting of extensive dental artifacts.

  17. High-Precision Measurements of the Superallowed Beta+ Decays of 38Ca and 46V 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hyo-In

    2012-10-19

    half-life measurement due to discriminator threshold or detector voltage. Black/open/grey symbols represent the three discriminator settings, 150 mV/200 mV/250 mV; the three detector biases, 2600V, 2700V and 2800V, are represented by the symbol.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 13 Measured time-decay spectrum for the total of all data obtained from the ?+ decay of 46V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 14 The implantation profiles of 46V (solid line) and 42Sc (dashed line) in and beyond the Mylar tape...

  18. March 2010 Groundwater Sampling at the Project Shoal Site, Nevada (Data Validation Package)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management conducted annual sampling at the Project Shoal Area (Shoal) in March 2010. Wells HC-4, HC-5, HC-7, HC-8, MV-1, MV-2 and MV-3 were sampled March 10-12, 2010, as specified in the Sampling and Analysis Plan for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management Sites (LMS/PLN/S04351, continually updated). Wells HC-1, HC-2, HC-3, and HC-6 were sampled March 24, 2010, by Desert Research Institute personnel.

  19. Zinc/air battery R and D research and development of bifunctional oxygen electrode: Tasks I and II, Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, M.; Viswanathan, S.

    1986-12-01

    Studies were conducted of the bifunctional oxygen electrode. The development of a rechargeable metal-oxygen (air) cell has been hampered to a great extent by the lack of a stable and cost effective oxygen electrode capable of use during both charge and discharge. The first type of bifunctional electrode consists of two distinct catalytifc layers. The oxygen reduction catalyst layer containing a supported gold catalyst is in contact with a hydrophilic nickel layer in which evolution of oxygen takes place. Loadings of gold from 0.5 to 1.0 mg/cm/sup 2/ were investigated; carbon, graphite, metal, and spinel oxides were evaluated as substrates. The second part of the research effort was centered on developing a reversible oxygen electrode containing only one catalytic layer for both reduction and evolution of oxygen. The work was directed specifically to the study of perovskite type of oxides with the composition AA/sup 1/BO/sub 3/ where A is an element of the lanthanide series, A/sup 1/ is an alkaline earth metal and B, a first row transition element. Initial polarization data obtained in unscrubbed air gave a value of approximately 200 millivolts vs Hg/HgO reference electrode at a current density of 50 ma/cm/sup 2/. Electrodes were made both by roll-bonding and by pelletizing techniques and tested for polarization and cycle life. This study also indicates the optimum process conditions for the manufacture of oxides and fabrication of electrodes.

  20. Fundamental measure theory for the electric double layer: implications for blue-energy harvesting and water desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Härtel; Mathijs Janssen; Sela Samin; René van Roij

    2015-03-06

    Capacitive mixing (CAPMIX) and capacitive deionization (CDI) are promising candidates for harvesting clean, renewable energy and for the energy efficient production of potable water, respectively. Both CAPMIX and CDI involve water-immersed porous carbon (supercapacitors) electrodes at voltages of the order of hundreds of millivolts, such that counter-ionic packing is important for the electric double layer (EDL) which forms near the surface of these porous materials. Thus, we propose a density functional theory (DFT) to model the EDL, where the White-Bear mark II fundamental measure theory functional is combined with a mean-field Coulombic and a mean spherical approximation-type correction to describe the interplay between dense packing and electrostatics, in good agreement with molecular dynamics simulations. We discuss the concentration-dependent potential rise due to changes in the chemical potential in capacitors in the context of an over-ideal theoretical description and its impact on energy harvesting and water desalination. Compared to less elaborate mean-field models our DFT calculations reveal a higher work output for blue-energy cycles and a higher energy demand for desalination cycles.

  1. Novel air electrode for metal-air battery with new carbon material and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ross, Jr., Philip N. (Kensington, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A novel carbonaceous electrode support material is disclosed characterized by a corrosion rate of 0.03 wt. %/hour or less when measured a5 550 millivolts vs. a Hg/HgO electrode in a 30 wt. % KOH electrolyte a5 30.degree. C. The electrode support material comprises a preselected carbon black material which has been heat-treated by heating the material to a temperature of from about 2500.degree. to about 3000.degree. C. over a period of from about 1 to about 5 hours in an inert atmosphere and then maintaining the preselected carbon black material at this temperature for a period of at least about 1 hour, and preferably about 2 hours, in the inert atmosphere. A carbonaceous electrode suitable for use as an air electrode in a metal-air cell may be made from the electrode support material by shaping and forming it into a catalyst support and then impregnating it with a catalytically active material capable of catalyzing the reaction with oxygen at the air electrode of metal-air cell.

  2. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 22 (2007) 13591367 Large-conductance cholesterolamphotericin B channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey

    2007-01-01

    , Physiology and Pharmacology, Auburn University, 109 Greene Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA b Department of ±200 mV. The channel currents were inhibited by the addition of tetraethylammonium (TEA), potassium

  3. NL3281 Brownian motion 1 NL3281 Brownian motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramer, Peter

    in the relation between the drag force Fdrag and velocity v of the particle in steady state motion (assuming a low Reynolds number): Fdrag = mv. (4) For a sphere of radius a moving through a fluid with dynamic viscosity µ

  4. Industrial Energy Efficiency Technical Review Guidelines and Best Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, N.

    2013-01-01

    . Methodology and Scope of Research: 1. Empirical analysis of reported energy savings at the application, reviewed (contracted), measurement and verification (M&V) and evaluation stages for multiple large or industrial incentive programs. a. Assess impact...

  5. Detection of Phonological Features in Continuous Speech using Neural Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Simon; Taylor, Paul

    which uses binary features, 2) a multi valued (MV) feature system which uses traditional phonetic categories such as manner, place etc, and 3) Government Phonology (GP) which uses a set of structured primes. All experiments used recurrent neural networks...

  6. Satzung zur nderung der Prfungs-und Studienordnungen der Lehramtsstudiengnge Polnisch Gymnasium und Regionale Schule und

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    des Gesetzes über die Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung der

  7. The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences at the Universityof Rostock, in cooperation with the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis (LIKAT) invites applications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    :ralf.ludwig@uni-rostock.de **** Qualificationsare as per § 58 of the Higher Education Act of the State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (LHG M. Theappointmentisoccupiedbythe "BerlinerModell".Theprofessorshipwill befilled according to § 61 LHG M-V as a position

  8. 1. Satzungsnderung zur Prfungs-und Studienordnung fr den Teilstudiengang Geographie im Lehramtsstudiengang Regionale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    des Gesetzes über die Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M 2014 der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20 Absatz 1 Satz

  9. Zweite Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Studiengang Rechtswissenschaften

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) in der Fassung der der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der

  10. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Masterstudiengang Skandinavistik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Absatz 1 des Gesetzes über die Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG vom 20. Juli 2009, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 16. April 2008 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG M-V und 20

  11. Sechste Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung fr den Diplomstudiengang Betriebswirtschaftslehre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    . V. m. § 38 Absatz 1 des Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. April 2014 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20 Absatz 1 Satz 2 der Grundordnung die Befugnis zur Beschluss

  12. Erste Satzung zur nderung der Fachprfungsordnung fr den Masterstudiengang Mathematik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Absatz 1 des Landeshochschulgesetzes (LHG M-V) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 25. Januar 2011 vom 04. März 2013, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 18. April 2012 gemäß §§ 81 Absatz 7 LHG und 20

  13. Dritte Satzung zur nderung der Studienordnung fr den Diplomstudiengang Biomathematik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Gesetzes über die Hochschulen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Landeshochschulgesetz ­ LHG M-V) vom 5, der mit Beschluss des Senats vom 3. Mai 2006 gemäß §§ 81 Abs. 7 LHG und 20 Abs. 1 Satz 2 Grundordnung

  14. SU-E-T-423: TrueBeam Small Field Dosimetry Using Commercial Plastic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    system and to compare them to values measured with an IBA CC01 ionization chamber and a Sun Nuclear Edge detector diode for 6 MV photon beams. Methods: The Exradin W1 is a new...

  15. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    system and to compare them to values measured with an IBA CC01 ionization chamber and a Sun Nuclear Edge detector diode for MV photon beams Methods The Exradin W1 is a new small...

  16. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    system and to compare them to values measured with an IBA CC01 ionization chamber and a Sun Nuclear Edge detector diode for 6 MV photon beams. Methods: The Exradin W1 is a new...

  17. Oak Ridge National Laboratory: Recent Accomplishments and Challenges...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (ORNL) ETTP ORNL Y-12 City of Oak Ridge www.energy.govEM ORNL Scope MV: MSRE Salt Drain Tanks * Bethel Valley D&D and RA scope - 160 facilities - Isotope processing...

  18. Six mathematical gems from the history of Distance Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-09

    Feb 9, 2015 ... Computers allow the efficient treatment of masses of data, some of which are incomplete and noisy. Many of ..... We only present the proof of the base case where. ?v ? V (mv > ...... University of California, Los Angeles, 2010.

  19. A high-gradient high-duty-factor Rf photo-cathode electron gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimmer, Robert A.; Hartman, Neal; Lidia, Steven M.; Wang, Shaoheng

    2002-01-01

    approximately 13 MV/m, but in the gun cell the fields couldBeam Radius [mm] End of rf gun Uncompensated Compensated 6preliminary analysis of the gun indicates that the fields in

  20. Estimating the Economic Boost of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples in North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O’Neill, Justin; Mallory, Christy; Badgett, M.V. Lee

    2014-01-01

    Statistics Summary for North Carolina. Badgett, M.V. Lee &Impact of Travel on North Carolina Counties 2012. ” Scott570 U.S. __ (2013). North Carolina Division of Tourism,

  1. External proton beam analysis of plasma facing materials for magnetic confinement fusion applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Harold Salvadore

    2009-01-01

    A 1.7MV tandem accelerator was reconstructed and refurbished for this thesis and for surface science applications at the Cambridge laboratory for accelerator study of surfaces (CLASS). At CLASS, an external proton beam ...

  2. Enhanced Photocatalytic Reduction of Methyl Viologen by Self-Assembling Ruthenium(II)Poly(Pyridyl) Complexes with L-Lysine Containing Side Chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in some aromatic solvents, has been synthe- sized, and its photosensitized charge separation reaction has quantum yields for MV2+ photoreduction in methanol-toluene (1:1 v/v), in the presence of the sacrificial

  3. SU-E-T-423: TrueBeam Small Field Dosimetry Using Commercial Plastic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    diode for 6 MV photon beams. Methods: The Exradin W1 is a new small volume near-water equivalent and energy independent PSD manufactured by Standard Imaging, Inc. All...

  4. Alfonso X, Siete Partidas 2.21 De los caballeros

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craddock, Jerry R; Rodríguez-Velasco, Jesús

    2008-01-01

    nombrado senalado nombre asseyalat no seyalatto asseSegamjeto asse-ssegamjeto assesegamietoA-ssentar sse MV6 153v23 assetar se V10 81r28+ asentar=

  5. Fertilizers and Fertilizer Analyses: With the New Law Controlling the Sale of Fertilizers and Poisonous Insecticides in the State. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, H. H.

    1899-01-01

    The concept of Measurement and Verification (M&V) of a new building continues to become more important because efficient design alone is often not sufficient to deliver an efficient building. Simulation models that are ...

  6. The Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Latency-Associated Transcript Inhibits Phenotypic and Functional Maturation of Dendritic Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    MV, et al. : The herpes simplex virus 1 latency-associatedfunctional exhaustion of virus-specific CD8 + T cells ininfected with herpes simplex virus 1. J Virol 3. Goldwich A,

  7. Alterations in the vimentin cytoskeleton in response to single impact load in an in vitromodel of cartilage damage in the rat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henson, Frances M D; Vincent, Thea A

    2008-06-24

    articular cartilage: structure and distribution of actin, tubulin, and vimentin fil- aments. J Histochem Cytochem 2000, 48(10):1307-1320. 13. Lee DA, Knight MM, Bolton JF, Idowu BD, Kayser MV, Bader DL: Chondrocyte deformation within compressed agarose con...

  8. Microsoft Word - PAC99 Final Version.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the cathode. A 1 mm accelerating gap was used, with a potential of 1 MV on the cathode. The emitting spot had a radius of .25 mm and the initial transverse and longitudinal...

  9. Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: Comparing Programs, Practices and Prformance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr, Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

    2005-01-01

    ORNL/TM-2002/150, Oak Ridge, TN. IPMVP, 2001. “InternationalFUPWG GAO GSA GHP HVAC IDIQ IPMVP kBtu LBNL M&V MUSH NAESCOand Verification Protocol (IPMVP) was established in 1996 as

  10. Practical Knowledge about Data: Acquisition, Metering, Monitoring, and Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrin, D.

    2002-01-01

    projects also identify the trends or anomalies in buildings or equipment. M&V projects should adhere to more formal procedures such as the International Performance Measurement and Verifications Protocol (IPMVP). Monitoring and control (alarming...

  11. Better Buildings Alliance, Advanced Rooftop Unit Campaign: Rooftop Unit Measurement and Verification (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This document provides facility managers and building owners an introduction to measurement and verification (M&V) methods to estimate energy and cost savings of rooftop units replacement or retrofit projects to estimate paybacks or to justify future projects.

  12. The Economic Value of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badgett, M.V. Lee

    2010-01-01

    a statute prohibiting same-sex marriage). C AL . C ONST .VALUE OF MARRIAGE FOR SAME-SEX COUPLES M.V. Lee Badgett * Tfor Marriage by Same-Sex Couples

  13. Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rossum, Mark; Smith, Robert

    1998-01-01

    Mammalian rods respond to single photons with a hyperpolarization of about 1 mV which is accompanied by continuous noise. Since the mammalian rod bipolar cell collects signals from 20-100 rods, the noise from the converging ...

  14. R/V Kilo Moana The R/V Kilo Moana is a 186' Small Waterplane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' (Min) RANGE 10,000 NM @ 12 Kts GROSS TONNAGE 3060 IGT, 1407 RGT DISPLACEMENT 2542 LT at 25' draft FUEL Surface Search Radars · TSS, Inc. Model POS/MV 320 · Sperry Marine Decca Bridgemaster E250 · Dual Navigat

  15. Football - 1960-1969 - 47 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-09-15

    The amino-terminal 33 amino acids of the baculovirus integral membrane protein, ODV-E66, are sufficient for localization of fusion proteins to viralinduced intranuclear microvesicles (MV) and occlusion derived virus envelopes during infection...

  16. Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01

    Petroleum and motor-vehicle industries paid substantially less corporate incomecorporate income taxes paid in the petroleum, motor-vehicle-income taxes to MV use (106 $)f Low High High 1330* CRUDE PETROLEUM,

  17. NERSC HPSS Client HSI

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    file permissions, etc. The command set has a UNIX look and feel (e.g. mv, mkdir, rm, cp, cd, etc.) so that moving through your HPSS directory tree is almost identical to what...

  18. Notch regulates the angiogenic response via induction of VEGFR-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funahashi, Yasuhiro; Shawber, Carrie J; Vorontchikhina, Marina; Sharma, Anshula; Outtz, Hasina H; Kitajewski, Jan

    2010-01-01

    JK), (F31HL090032-01) (HHO), (5K01DK744629, R01CA136673) (Japan. Authors’ contributions YF, CJS, MV, AS and HHO.performed experiments; HHO, CJS and YF, analyzed results and

  19. AMO FOA Targets Advanced Components for Next-Generation Electric...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    program announced up to 20 million is now available to develop a new generation of energy efficient, high power density, high speed integrated MV drive systems for a wide...

  20. Mechanics 1: Week 19 Problem Solutions 1. First, we write down some preliminary quantities. The initial velocity is given by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerswell, Rich

    . height 0 + 1 2 mv2 0 = mgzmax + 1 2 m(v0 cos )2 , So, a bit of easy algebra gives: zmax = v2 0 sin2 2g = -2 v2 0 sin2 - 2gz 2g z 0 = t. Working through the algebra, you will find: z = (v0 sin )t - 1 2 gt2 . 2. The energy at the top of the incline is solely potential energy given by: mg sin . The energy

  1. Abstract-A programmable gain and bandwidth first-order low-pass Gm-C filter is proposed, designed, and simulated.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    Abstract- A programmable gain and bandwidth first-order low-pass Gm-C filter is proposed, designed resulted in an input-referred offset of less than 0.5 mV and hand-over glitches below 5 mV. Keywords: Gm. Programmability A system-level schematic of the proposed monolithic Gm-C filter is shown in Fig. 1. The underlying

  2. Multipacting in a grooved choke joint at SRF gun for BNL ERL prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, W.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Belomestnykh, S.; Burrill, A.; Holmes, D.; Kayran, D.; McIntyre, G.; Sheehy, B.

    2011-03-28

    The 703 MHz superconducting gun for BNL ERL prototype was tested at JLab with and without choke-joint and cathode stalk. Without choke-joint and cathode stalk, the gradient reached was 25 MV/m with Q{sup 0} {approx} 6E9. The gun cathode insertion port is equipped with a grooved choke joint for multipacting suppression. We carried out tests with choke-joint and cathode stalk. The test results show that there are at least two barriers at about 3.5 MV/m and 5 MV/m. We considered several possibilities and finally found that fine details of the grooved shape are important for multipacting suppression. A triangular groove with round crest may cause strong multipacting in the choke-joint at 3.5 MV/m, 5 MV/m and 10 MV/m. This paper presents the primary test results of the gun and discusses the multipacting analysis in the choke-joint. It also suggests possible solutions for the gun and multipacting suppressing for a similar structure.

  3. Guatemala's Motagua Valley: a neglected piece of the northern Caribbean puzzle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, K.R.; Muller, P.D.

    1985-01-01

    The arcuate ENE to WNW-trending Motagua Valley (MV) is the physiographic expression of the Motagua Valley Fault Zone (MFZ), part of the broad transform boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates in Nuclear Central America. The MV also marks a suture formed by Late Cretaceous collapse of a small(.) ocean basin by southward subduction beneath a northward migrating volcanic arc. The arc collided with the southern Yucatan Block (YB) in the Campanian-Maastrichtian. Latest Cretaceous thrusting, crustal downwarping, and flysch sedimentation (Sepur Fm) along the southern YB was followed by Paleogene uplift, initiation of strike-slip faulting, and deposition of continental clastics (Subinal Fm) in and south of the MV. Deposition of the Subinal Fm and coarse Neogene clastics within the MV occurred in pull-apart basins which were and continue to be uplift by transpression along the MFZ. Major (>100 km) Cenozoic sinistral displacement on the Caribbean-North American plate boundary required by the opening of the Cayman Trough is not documented by offset of distinct geological markers on land. The maximum demonstrated sinsitral offset on the MFZ is roughly 20 km, based on inferred separations of Plio-Quaternary alluvial fans from their source areas along the southern margin of the MV. However, large lateral offsets on the MFZ are strongly suggested by the presence of Cenozoic pull-apart basins in the valley, flower structures, and contrasting Cenozoic magmatic history of the basement terranes adjacent to the MV.

  4. Fermentation pattern of sucrose to ethanol conversions by Zymomonas mobilis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyness, E.; Doelle, H.W.

    1981-07-01

    General patterns of sucrose fermentation by two strains of Zymomonas mobilis, designated Z7 and Z10, were established using sucrose concentrations from 50 to 200 g/liter. Strain Z7 showed a higher invertase activity than Z10. Strain Z10 showed a reduced specific growth rate at high sucrose concentrations while Z7 was unaffected. High sucrose hydrolyzing activity in strain Z7 lead to glucose accumulation in the medium at high sucrose concentrations. Ethanol production and fermentation time depend on the rate of catabolism of the products of sucrose hydrolysis, glucose and fructose. The metabolic quotients for sucrose utilization, qs, and ethanol production, qp (g/g.hr), are unsuitable for describing sucrose utilization by Zymomonas mobilis as the logarithmic phase of growth precedes the phase of highest substrate utilization (g/liter.hr) and ethanol production (g/liter.hr) in batch culture. (Refs. 10).

  5. Liquid Hydrogen Absorber for MICE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishimoto, S.; Suzuki, S.; Yoshida, M.; Green, Michael A.; Kuno, Y.; Lau, Wing

    2010-05-30

    Liquid hydrogen absorbers for the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) have been developed, and the first absorber has been tested at KEK. In the preliminary test at KEK we have successfully filled the absorber with {approx}2 liters of liquid hydrogen. The measured hydrogen condensation speed was 2.5 liters/day at 1.0 bar. No hydrogen leakage to vacuum was found between 300 K and 20 K. The MICE experiment includes three AFC (absorber focusing coil) modules, each containing a 21 liter liquid hydrogen absorber made of aluminum. The AFC module has safety windows to separate its vacuum from that of neighboring modules. Liquid hydrogen is supplied from a cryocooler with cooling power 1.5 W at 4.2 K. The first absorber will be assembled in the AFC module and installed in MICE at RAL.

  6. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over a fused iron catalyst in a three phase slurry reactor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Henry J

    1986-01-01

    + . ~ Hydrocarbons for Runs 71, 77 and 711; 265'C, 200 psig, Space Velocity 1. 06 + 0. 03 N liter/ hr g and H2/CO Feed of 0. 99. 46 4-6 Comparison of the Selectivity Toward C5 + Hydrocarbons for Runs 72 and 79; 265'C, 200 psig, Space Velocity 2. 03 + 0. 05 N... liter/ hr g and H2/CO Feed of 0. 99. Figure 4-7 Comparison of the Selectivity Toward Cl to C4 Hydrocarbons for Runs 72 and 79; 265'C, 200 psig, Space Velocity 2. 03 + 0. 05 N liter/ hr g and H2/CO Feed of 0. 99. Page ~ 48 4-8 Comparison...

  7. The Pseudomonas Wilt bacterium: it's identification and role as a cotton pathogen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pore, Robert Scott

    1962-01-01

    ) which contained 1, 6 ml of 1 per cent brom thymol blue per liter of medium. The medium was adjusted to a pH of 7. 4 with sodium hydroxide and com- pletely sterilised before addition of the sugars. After the sugars were added, the medium was again... and lactose were added at the 1 per cent level to Dowson's Basal Medium which contained 1. 6 ml of 1 per cent brom cresol purple per liter of medium, The pH was adjusted to 7 with sodium hydroxide before sterilisation. After twenty days at 26'C a yellow...

  8. The distribution of boron and boric acid complexes in the sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noakes, John Edward

    1959-01-01

    ON INORGANIC BORON-CHLORINITY DATA FROM STATION H4-79 37 37 41 44 Page D DISCUSSION ON INORGANIC BORON CHLORINITY DATA FROM STATION H4-87 E. DISCUSSION OF COMPLEX BORON 'i%1TH RELATIONSHIP TO OXYGEN CONCENTRATION AT STATIONS H4-79 AND H4.../liter. Further investigations, notably by Igelsrud, Thompson and Zwicker , established inorganic boron in open water (4) in concentrations of 3 to 5 mg/liter, varying directly with chlorinity and independent of geographic location. They also reported...

  9. A Study of Terpeneless Lemon Extracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spilman, C. Clay

    1912-01-01

    . The alcohol was recovered as soon as used. A still was set up consisting of two electric hot plates upon which were placed two one liter German flasks. These two flasks were connected to the same small Liebig condenser. It is not stated in the method....3 An increase of 2$ of lemon oil per liter costs 3.78 cents while an increase of 5$ of alcohol costs 4.4 cents. The above figures indicate that a 5$ lemon oil 55$ alcohol extract would be the cheapest, such an extract was made and tested for strength...

  10. Serendipity at the Smithsonian: The 107-year journey of Rhipidocyrtus muiri Falin & Engel, new genus and species (Ripidiinae, Ripidiini), from jungle beast to valid taxon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falin, Zachary H.; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-06-08

    of his epic adven- tures (in the literal sense) was a 38-month expedition (July, 1906 – Sept., 1909) in search of sugarcane borer biological control agents. This outing led him back and forth from China to Macau, Hong Kong, Singapore and the current... of his epic adven- tures (in the literal sense) was a 38-month expedition (July, 1906 – Sept., 1909) in search of sugarcane borer biological control agents. This outing led him back and forth from China to Macau, Hong Kong, Singapore and the current...

  11. Basketball - Mens - 1951-1960 - 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-04-18

    extract and 5 g of NaC1 per liter of media. LB plates contain the above ingredients plus 15 g of agar per liter. Higher concentrations of antibiotics were required for ~r'a than for E ~f. LB-Amp plates used for Smd contain 1 mg/ml of ampicillin which... of casein and 100 ml which were autoclaved for only 10 min. The 100 ml of casein mix was immediately placed on ice, then brought to 37 C in a water bath before being 10 added to the agar base. The gelatin plates were made by adding 10 g of gelatin (1...

  12. The effects of silver ion on the growth, metabolism, and yield of Ipomoea batatas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, David Wayne

    1979-01-01

    2HH for the metallic receptor 2 site (13). Ethylene oxide (C HHO) may prevent certain 02HH responses (1), However, it appears to delay developmental processes by dsmag- ing tissue rather than acting as a competitive inhibitor of C2H4 (1). + Ag... of C2H~O cannot be reversed by C2H4. On the other hand, 02H40 can 'be toxic to plant tissue at concentrations of 2000 ul/liter. It appears to act as an C2Hh antagonist at concentrations of 500-1000 ul/liter. Abeles concludes aC2HhO is neither...

  13. Toxic species emissions from controlled combustion of selected paving asphalts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Carlos Luis

    1993-01-01

    Table XIII. Gas Analysis Results for Material ACT-2 Using Method 1 . . . 46 Table XIV. Approximate Yield (liter/kg) of NOx from Materials AC-10A, AC-10B, AC-10C, AR4%-B, AR10%-B and AR18%-B 48 Table XV. Approximate Yield (liter/kg) of SO2 from... 53 LIST OF TABLES (Continued) Table XIX. Smoke Mass Results for Material AC-5B . . . Table XX. Smoke Mass Results for Material AR10%-B . . Table XXI. Coefficient of Variation for Materials AC-10A, AC-10B, AC-10C, AC-5B and AR10%-B. Table XXII...

  14. Beam generation and planar imaging at energies below 2.40 MeV with carbon and aluminum linear accelerator targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, David; Robar, James L.

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: Recent work has demonstrated improvement of image quality with low-Z linear accelerator targets and energies as low as 3.5 MV. In this paper, the authors lower the incident electron beam energy between 1.90 and 2.35 MeV and assess the improvement of megavoltage planar image quality with the use of carbon and aluminum linear accelerator targets. Methods: The bending magnet shunt current was adjusted in a Varian linear accelerator to allow selection of mean electron energy between 1.90 and 2.35 MeV. Linac set points were altered to increase beam current to allow experimental imaging in a practical time frame. Electron energy was determined through comparison of measured and Monte Carlo modeled depth dose curves. Planar image CNR and spatial resolution measurements were performed to quantify the improvement of image quality. Magnitudes of improvement are explained with reference to Monte Carlo generated energy spectra. Results: After modifications to the linac, beam current was increased by a factor greater than four and incident electron energy was determined to have an adjustable range from 1.90 MeV to 2.35 MeV. CNR of cortical bone was increased by a factor ranging from 6.2 to 7.4 and 3.7 to 4.3 for thin and thick phantoms, respectively, compared to a 6 MV therapeutic beam for both aluminum and carbon targets. Spatial resolution was degraded slightly, with a relative change of 3% and 10% at 0.20 lp/mm and 0.40 lp/mm, respectively, when reducing energy from 2.35 to 1.90 MV. The percentage of diagnostic x-rays for the beams examined here, ranges from 46% to 54%.Conclusion: It is possible to produce a large fraction of diagnostic energy x-rays by lowering the beam energy below 2.35 MV. By lowering the beam energy to 1.90 MV or 2.35 MV, CNR improves by factors ranging from 3.7 to 7.4 compared to a 6 MV therapy beam, with only a slight degradation of spatial resolution when lowering the energy from 2.35 MV to 1.90 MV.

  15. Current transport mechanisms in plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposited AlN thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altuntas, Halit E-mail: biyikli@unam.bilkent.edu.tr; Ozgit-Akgun, Cagla; Donmez, Inci; Biyikli, Necmi E-mail: biyikli@unam.bilkent.edu.tr

    2015-04-21

    Here, we report on the current transport mechanisms in AlN thin films deposited at a low temperature (i.e., 200?°C) on p-type Si substrates by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition. Structural characterization of the deposited AlN was carried out using grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction, revealing polycrystalline films with a wurtzite (hexagonal) structure. Al/AlN/ p-Si metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) capacitor structures were fabricated and investigated under negative bias by performing current-voltage measurements. As a function of the applied electric field, different types of current transport mechanisms were observed; i.e., ohmic conduction (15.2–21.5 MV/m), Schottky emission (23.6–39.5 MV/m), Frenkel-Poole emission (63.8–211.8 MV/m), trap-assisted tunneling (226–280 MV/m), and Fowler-Nordheim tunneling (290–447 MV/m). Electrical properties of the insulating AlN layer and the fabricated Al/AlN/p-Si MIS capacitor structure such as dielectric constant, flat-band voltage, effective charge density, and threshold voltage were also determined from the capacitance-voltage measurements.

  16. Influence of acidic pH on hydrogen and acetate production by an electrosynthetic microbiome

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    LaBelle, Edward V.; Marshall, Christopher W.; Gilbert, Jack A.; May, Harold D.; Battista, John R.

    2014-10-15

    Production of hydrogen and organic compounds by an electrosynthetic microbiome using electrodes and carbon dioxide as sole electron donor and carbon source, respectively, was examined after exposure to acidic pH (~5). Hydrogen production by biocathodes poised at -600 mV vs. SHE increased>100-fold and acetate production ceased at acidic pH, but ~5–15 mM (catholyte volume)/day acetate and>1,000 mM/day hydrogen were attained at pH ~6.5 following repeated exposure to acidic pH. Cyclic voltammetry revealed a 250 mV decrease in hydrogen overpotential and a maximum current density of 12.2 mA/cm2 at -765 mV (0.065 mA/cm2 sterile control at -800 mV) by the Acetobacterium-dominatedmore »community. Supplying -800 mV to the microbiome after repeated exposure to acidic pH resulted in up to 2.6 kg/m3/day hydrogen (?2.6 gallons gasoline equivalent), 0.7 kg/m3/day formate, and 3.1 kg/m3/day acetate ( = 4.7 kg CO2 captured).« less

  17. The Effect of the iBEAM Evo Carbon Fiber Tabletop on Skin Sparing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, John B. Godwin, Guy A.

    2011-10-01

    Replicating the attenuation properties of the treatment tabletop are of primary importance for accurate treatment planning; however, the effect of the tabletop on the skin-sparing properties of x-rays can be overlooked. Under some conditions, the reaction of skin to the radiation can be so serious as to be the dose-limiting organ for radiotherapy treatment. Hence, an understanding of the magnitude of the reduction in skin sparing is important. Because of the development of image-guided radiotherapy, modern tabletops have been developed without the use of metal supports that otherwise provided the necessary level of rigidity. Rigidity is instead provided by compressed foam within a carbon-fiber shell, which, although it provides artefact-free imaging and high levels of rigidity, has an adverse affect on the dose in the build-up region. Representative of this type is the iBEAM evo tabletop, whose effect on the skin dose was determined at 6-MV, 10-MV, and 18-MV x-rays. Skin dose was found to increase by 60-70% owing to the tabletop, with the effect increasing with field size and decreasing with energy. By considering an endpoint of erythema, a radiobiological advantage of selecting 10 MV over 6 MV for applicable treatments was demonstrated.

  18. Comparative Simulation Studies of Multipacting in Higher-Order-Mode Couplers of Superconducting RF Cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Y. M. [Peking University, Beijing (China); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Liu, Kexin [Peking University, Beijing (China); Geng, Rongli [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Multipacting (MP) in higher-order-mode (HOM) couplers of the International Linear Collider (ILC) baseline cavity and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) 12 GeV upgrade cavity is studied by using the ACE3P suites, developed by the Advanced Computations Department at SLAC. For the ILC cavity HOM coupler, the simulation results show that resonant trajectories exist in three zones, corresponding to an accelerating gradient range of 0.6?1.6 MV/m, 21?34 MV/m, 32?35 MV/m, and > 40MV/m, respectively. For the CEBAF 12 GeV upgrade cavity HOM coupler, resonant trajectories exist in one zone, corresponding to an accelerating gradient range of 6?13 MV/m. Potential implications of these MP barriers are discussed in the context of future high energy pulsed as well as medium energy continuous wave (CW) accelerators based on superconducting radio frequency cavities. Frequency scaling of MP?s predicted in HOM couplers of the ILC, CBEAF upgrade, SNS and FLASH third harmonic cavity is given and found to be in good agreement with the analytical result based on the parallel plate model.

  19. CEBAF Upgrade: Cryomodule Performance And Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drury, Michael A.; Davis, G. Kirk; Hogan, John P.; Hovater, J. Curt; King, Lawrence; Marhauser, Frank; Park, HyeKyoung; Preble, Joe; Reece, Charles E.; Rimmer, Robert A.; Wang, Haipeng; Wiseman, Mark A.

    2014-02-01

    The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged in the 12 GeV Upgrade Project. The goal of the 12 GeV Upgrade is a doubling of the available beam energy of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. This increase in beam energy will be due in large part to the addition of ten C100 cryomodules plus associated new RF in the CEBAF linacs. The C100 cryomodules are designed to deliver 100 MeV per installed cryomodule. Each C100 cryomodule is built around a string of eight seven-cell, electro-polished, superconducting RF cavities. While an average performance of 100MV per cryomodule is needed to achieve the overall 12 GeV beam energy goal, the actual performance goal for the cryomodules is an average energy gain of 108 MV to provide operational headroom. Cryomodule production started in December 2010. All ten of the C100 cryomodules are installed in the linac tunnels and are on schedule to complete commissioning by September 2013. Performance during Commissioning has ranged from 104 MV to 118 MV. In May, 2012 a test of an early C100 achieved 108 MV with full beam loading. This paper will discuss the performance of the C100 cryomodules along with operational challenges and lessons learned for future designs.

  20. Influence of acidic pH on hydrogen and acetate production by an electrosynthetic microbiome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaBelle, Edward V.; Marshall, Christopher W.; Gilbert, Jack A.; May, Harold D.; Battista, John R.

    2014-10-15

    Production of hydrogen and organic compounds by an electrosynthetic microbiome using electrodes and carbon dioxide as sole electron donor and carbon source, respectively, was examined after exposure to acidic pH (~5). Hydrogen production by biocathodes poised at -600 mV vs. SHE increased>100-fold and acetate production ceased at acidic pH, but ~5–15 mM (catholyte volume)/day acetate and>1,000 mM/day hydrogen were attained at pH ~6.5 following repeated exposure to acidic pH. Cyclic voltammetry revealed a 250 mV decrease in hydrogen overpotential and a maximum current density of 12.2 mA/cm2 at -765 mV (0.065 mA/cm2 sterile control at -800 mV) by the Acetobacterium-dominated community. Supplying -800 mV to the microbiome after repeated exposure to acidic pH resulted in up to 2.6 kg/m3/day hydrogen (?2.6 gallons gasoline equivalent), 0.7 kg/m3/day formate, and 3.1 kg/m3/day acetate ( = 4.7 kg CO2 captured).

  1. Printing Virtual Reality Interfaces -The Cognitive Map Probe Ehud Sharlin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharlin, Ehud

    landmarks and later printed using a 3D printer. This affords a very simple mapping between the virtual, physical 3D models. All the CMP's TUI subparts were designed as realistic 3D small-scale models of physical's fundamentals and the concept of literally printing 3D VR interfaces. 1. Cognitive Mapping and early AD

  2. Cruise Report 2007 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) for trace organics analysis by AXYS Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction) 21. Water dissolvedCruise Report 2007 RMP Water Cruise August 7-16, 2007 #12;CRUISE Report: 2007 Water Cruise August 7 with the annual Regional Monitoring Program for Water Quality in the San Francisco Estuary (RMP) dry season water

  3. Cruise Report 2009 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organics analysis by AXYS Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction) 22. Water dissolved samples from 22Cruise Report 2009 RMP Water Cruise August 23 ­ September 3, 2009 #12;CRUISE Report: 2009 Water activities associated with the annual Regional Monitoring Program for Water Quality in the San Francisco

  4. Cruise Report 2006 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by AXYS Analytical (100 liter solid phase extraction). 2. Collect replicate water samples from 3 sitesCruise Report 2006 RMP Water Cruise August 9-25, 2006 A P P L I E D S C I E N C E S #12;CRUISE Report: 2006 Water Cruise August 9-25, 2006 Applied Marine Sciences, Inc. Page 2 1.0 INTRODUCTION

  5. Cruise Report 2008 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by AXYS Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction) 19. Water dissolved samples from 22 (and 2 repCruise Report 2008 RMP Water Cruise July 9 ­ 18, 2008 #12;CRUISE Report: 2008 Water Cruise July 9 with the annual Regional Monitoring Program for Water Quality in the San Francisco Estuary (RMP) dry season water

  6. Cruise Report 2003 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by Axys Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 31 sites for analysis phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 3 sites for analysis of total PCDD/PCDF by FrontierCruise Report 2003 RMP Water Cruise 2003 CTR Dry Season Water Sampling August 5 - 15, 2003 A P P L

  7. A slightly edited version of this paper appears in Proc. 1998 Conf on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Operations [FOCAPO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebsbach, Kurt D.

    for converting crude oil (feed) intomore useful products such as gasoline, kerosene, and butane (Le er 1985 Technology Drive Minneapolis, MN 55418 fkrebsbac,muslinerg@htc.honeywell.com Abstract Oil re neries literally provide the lifeblood for global economic health, and disruptions to their operations have major worldwide

  8. Global Warming? Reid A. Bryson Ph.D., D.Sc., D.Engr.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Global Warming? Reid A. Bryson Ph.D., D.Sc., D.Engr.1 The Built-in Nonsense Detector Hardly a day Warming". A quick search of the internet uncovers literally hundreds of items about "Global Warming, usually meaning "Global Warming" or some aspect thereof. Whole generations of graduate students have been

  9. CERN Hg Jet System V.B. Graves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Delivery System Pump Motor Centrifugal Pump Hg Jet Containment Sump Tank Secondary Containment Target Pump Issues · Pump adds heat to Hg - Pump delivers nominal 51 bhp at 23% efficiency (60 bhp max (30kw) · With an assumed Vol=12liter, T=2.4°F/sec (1.3°C/sec) due to pump heating only · Heat

  10. Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion This report presents performance data for an anaerobic digestion system (at a 10-liter scale) utilizing corncob biochar as biofilm support. The system operated on grease-trap wastewater and high-rate anaerobic digestion of this material

  11. Rank Project Name Directorate, Dept/Div

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electronic Recycling Procurement & Property Management (John Collins) $3,500 TBD N/A 10 tons of e-waste 7 Oil,000 $830.00 7.23 6 liters of industrial waste 8 Disposal of #6 Fuel Oil * EENS (Yousif Celebi $500 $4Rank Project Name Directorate, Dept/Div and POC Cost Savings Payback (Years) Waste Reduction 1

  12. 22 MARCH 2013 VOL 339 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1374 CREDIT:ANDREWBOURQUE/GREENWOODRESOURCESINC.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    and other agricultural waste, as oil companies and the ethanol industry clash over government mandates a plant in Vero Beach, Florida, that will convert landfill waste and yard waste into 30.3 million liters that the fuel would be available. But cel- lulosic ethanol producers failed to deliver. Oil companies have

  13. Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proulx, Viera K.

    Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach? Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science science', or just `computer literacy'. In this paper we argue that both computer science and a literate of effective computer literacy skills into traditional, programming based, computer science course

  14. RESEARCHARTICLE Copyright 2014 American Scientific Publishers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    is Excellent for Production of Bioethanol and Xylitol Using Bacillus Strain 65S3 and Pseudomonas Strain CDS3 (CDS3) were found superior for bioethanol and xylitol production. Bioethanol output of 65S3 was as high that by 2020, the produc- tion of biofuels will skyrocket to 125 billion liters.4 Thus, bioethanol has become

  15. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 34553462, March 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    per liter, much like the current portal effluent water. In the absence of plugging or other at-source control, current weathering rates indicate that the portal effluent will continue for approximately 3 of Thailand result from arsenic contamination of the shallow groundwaters be- cause of weathering of mine

  16. TkF Vrme-Processteknikens grunder (PTG) 2009 och strmningsteknik Hemuppgift 1+2 10.9 17.9.2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    volymströmmen a m3 /min samtidigt som olja tas ut med hastigheten z/2 m/s genom ett rör med diametern 0.15 m, eller helt tom. 902. En ingenjör vill producera lättöl (klass I, 2.7 %-vol alkohol) genom att blanda för 0.7 /liter? En annan ingenjör tänker producera lättöl genom att avdunsta alkoholen från mellanöl

  17. Dave Karl, Daniela Bttjer, Tara Clemente, Steve Poulos, Sam Wilson, Karin Bjrkman and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    science and society · Coupled natural- human systems · Economics and sustainability · Education and public;NUTRIENTS + LIGHT = PHYTOPLANKTON · Oceanographic theory and prediction · Results from field experiments Take Home Message #12;Karl 2007 #12;20 liter scale field experiments #12;+ nutrients control · Add N

  18. A Systematic Approach to Nanotechnology Based on a Small Set of Molecular Building Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Bruce

    1 A Systematic Approach to Nanotechnology Based on a Small Set of Molecular Building Blocks Bruce J, and behavior can be programmed, quite literally, at the molecular level. The ap­ proach is based on combinatory the molecules self­assemble a desired nanostruc­ ture by ``computing'' the structure and then becoming inactive

  19. A Systematic Approach to Nanotechnology Based on a Small Set of Molecular Building Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Bruce

    1 A Systematic Approach to Nanotechnology Based on a Small Set of Molecular Building Blocks Bruce J, and behavior can be programmed, quite literally, at the molecular level. The ap- proach is based on combinatory the molecules self-assemble a desired nanostruc- ture by "computing" the structure and then becoming inactive

  20. Performative autobiography as design attitude : the Merz-World of Kurt Schwitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardouli, Rodanthi

    2014-01-01

    At the end of the First World War, middle class bourgeois Kurt Schwitters retreated into his studio in Hanover to literally nail together the ruins of a world that had fallen to pieces. In doing so, he produced one of the ...

  1. Aaron Leung Philosophy 290-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    1 Aaron Leung Philosophy 290-5 Week 11 Handout Van Fraassen: Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism 1. Scientific Realism and Constructive Empiricism What is scientific realism? According to van Fraassen, "Science aims to give us, in its theories, a literally true story of what the world is like

  2. REALISM IN PHYSICS E.B. Davies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Brian

    , a literally true story of what t* *he world is like; and acceptance of a scientific theory involves scientific theories are well-confirmed and approx- imately true of the world. So the entities posited mathematical parts of physics. 1 Introduction In his influential book The Scientific Image van

  3. REALISM IN PHYSICS E.B. Davies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Brian

    and successful scientific theories are well­confirmed and approx­ imately true of the world. So the entities Introduction In his influential book The Scientific Image van Fraassen defined scientific real­ ism as follows. Science aims to give us, in its theories, a literally true story of what the world is like; and acceptance

  4. Geography 5: People and Earth's Ecosystems Lecture Outline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , manure, mostly recycled into the soil) · ~1/3 is mining related · Industrial Waste: ~400 M tons · ~200 M liters motor oil poured into ground or storm drains each year (5X Exxon Valdez!) 6 Ocean dumping ·Until recently, even the U.S. dumped municipal refuse, industrial waste, sewage, and sludge into oceans

  5. SUBSCRIBE TO Home > News > Hot new transformer cooled by ORNL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    ADVERTISER: Methodist Medical Center A Higher Standard of Healthcare [ view complete ad ] ORNL It may look minus the 23,000 liters of oil used in conventional transformers. That in turn reduces the weight of a substation in a medium-sized city. Leaving out the oil allows the insulation system to continue to hum during

  6. Social Thought and Research, Volume 24, Number 1&2 (2001): Book Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lammers, Matt

    2001-04-01

    BOOK REVIEWS Serving the Word: Literalism in Americafrom the Pulpit to the Bench. By Vincent Crapanzano. New York: The New Press, 2000. Pp. xxvi + 406. 1\\1 M'\\IT LANl1vlERS Unicersity of1vlissou1i..Cclumbia Vincent Crapanzano assumes...

  7. 32 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -products peaked (oil prices reached US$4.00 ~ US$5.00 per liter) and then declined from 1987 to 1999 (oil prices the Azores and Madeira (DGPA, 1998). Historically, fisheries have targeted elasmobranchs to supply the liver-oil generally decreased over time, with a corresponding increase in price per kilo- gram. The most important

  8. HER SOA -History, Environment and Rating information enabled SOA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, John

    it refers. For example, engine size in vehicles may be a value in "cc's" or in gas tank (liters). These annotations are particularly important due to the nature of such services to be combined to represent if the price of the stock falls below a certain value and is willing to wait until

  9. A-1 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Graphite Research Reactor BLIP Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer BMRR Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor Bq/L becquerel per liter BSA Brookhaven Science Associates Btu British thermal units CAA Clean Air Cs cesium CSF Central Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water Act CY calendar year DCA

  10. A-1 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT 2000 APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Graphite Research Reactor BLIP Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer BMRR Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor Bq/L becquerel per liter BSA Brookhaven Science Associates Btu British thermal units CAA Clean Air Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water Act CY calendar year DCA 1,1-dichloroethane DCE 1

  11. Hydrogen/Natural Gas Blends for Heavy and Light-Duty Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    89502 Abstract NRG Tech is developing engine technology that is applicable for use in heavy-duty vehicle candidate engine platforms, ranging from 7.4 to 8.4 liters displacement, of its own for evaluation. Testing Current Results Tests on engine compression ratio ranged from 9.1 to 15.0 to 1. The desirable range

  12. Cruise Report 2004 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organics by Axys Analytical (100 liter solid phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 31 sites for analysis of ancillary parameters (dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC Rankin UCSC Trace Metal Chemistry (7/19-7/20) Kit Conaway UCSC Trace Metal Chemistry (7/21-7/23) Mara

  13. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-2240/97/$04.00 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FULAI WANG AND SANG YUP LEE* Department of Chemical Engineering and BioProcess Engineering Research/liter/h, was obtained after 16 h. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are intracellular energy and carbon storage material content obtained by fed-batch culture was always low, at ca. 50%, which makes the recovery process

  14. Beyond Elite Control: Water Management at Caracol, Belize. A thesis presented by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Beyond Elite Control: Water Management at Caracol, Belize. A thesis presented by Adrian Sylvanus Control: Water Management at Caracol, Belize Abstract Scholars have argued that the ancient Maya elite controlled water and surrounding populations both ritually and literally by maintaining large central

  15. A restudy of the cylindrical amphoras from the seventh-century Yassi Ada shipwreck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Alfen, Peter Gerritt

    1995-01-01

    F.H. van Doorninck, Jr.'s recent work on the piriform amphoras recovered from the 11th c. A.D. shipwreck at Serge Liman, Turkey, has shown that the volume capacity of the amphoras in liters correlate to weight capacities ...

  16. Jeffrey McDonough, Descartes' "Dioptrics" and "Optics" in The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon, ed. Larry Nolan (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), forthcoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonough, Jeffrey

    Jeffrey McDonough, Descartes' "Dioptrics" and "Optics" in The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon, ed' Dioptrics The Dioptrique, often translated as the Optics or, more literally, as the Dioptrics is one related to his work in optics. He was eventually persuaded to publish three essays highlighting some

  17. ndergraduates in computer science and engi-neering are helping Boeing envision the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of flight ... literally. Since the fall of 2002, stu- dents in the CSE capstone design course have worked of flight terrain, landing gear, wing flaps, tail flaps, and takeoff and landing maneuvers. "Students add Collaborative Design Students Help Boeing Look to the Future DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

  18. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, June 2011, p. 38603869 Vol. 77, No. 11 0099-2240/11/$12.00 doi:10.1128/AEM.01981-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazen, Terry

    . Dynamics of Microbial Community Composition and Function during In Situ Bioremediation of a Uranium to below the Environmental Protection Agency drinking water standard (0.03 mg liter 1 ). Microbial of the risk of trans- port off site. Bioremediation via microbial reduction of soluble U(VI) to insoluble U

  19. Selenium in Oklahoma ground water and soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atalay, A.; Vir Maggon, D.

    1991-03-30

    Selenium with a consumption of 2 liters per day (5). The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the concentrations of Se in Oklahoma ground water and soil samples. (2) to map the geographical distribution of Se species in Oklahoma. (3) to relate groundwater depth, pH and geology with concentration of Se.

  20. Selenium in Oklahoma ground water and soil. Quarterly report No. 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atalay, A.; Vir Maggon, D.

    1991-03-30

    Selenium with a consumption of 2 liters per day (5). The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the concentrations of Se in Oklahoma ground water and soil samples. (2) to map the geographical distribution of Se species in Oklahoma. (3) to relate groundwater depth, pH and geology with concentration of Se.

  1. Particle Size Analysis, ITC, GeoScience Lab. 1 PARTICLE-SIZE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & covering watch glasses, 11. Suction pump 12. 13 one liter PVC bottles, 13. Two splash bottles, 14. Rubber.0 g NaC03 in water in a 1 I volumetric flask and make to volume. Both chemicals should be dried

  2. Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

  3. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    with evaporation rate = 20mg/min i. Use LITER shutter to fix evaporation duration at 8min with 10min shot cycle 3 for improved pedestal data while ensuring heat load on HHFW antenna is acceptable 4. Increase evaporation rate fueling with SGI fueling to increase density (8 shots) ii. Optimizing beam power and timing to avoid early

  4. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Farr, Tom G., Paul A. Rosen, Edward Caro, Robert Crippen, Riley Duren, Scott Hensley, Michael

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Farr, Tom G., Paul A. Rosen, Edward Caro, Robert Crippen Barbara, CA Douglas Alsdorf Ohio State University Columbus, OH The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. The Need for Global Topography At the foundation of modern geosciences, quite literally, is knowledge

  5. Bottle Washing LDPE bottles must be acid washed prior to use in trace element analyses. The process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    . Polycarbonate/Teflon filters These can be washed in large batches (~100 filters) using the blue lidded plastic bins. Each of the baths should be made to 2 liters total volume. The volumes can be reused several for 1 week. · Repeat batch rinse. · Using plastic forceps and Milli-Q squeeze bottle, individually rinse

  6. SCIENTIFIC NOTE AN UNUSUAL LARVAL COLLECTION AND SURVIVAL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (ca. 57 liter) at an industrial construction site, we collected 655 (86.0%) Orthopodomyia signifera of organic debris moderates temperatures for diapausing larvae (Kitching 2001, Crans 2004). Waste tires for integrated mosquito management (Focks and Sackett 1985). However, many Toxorhynchites are also cannibalistic

  7. Logic and Bayesian Networks Part 3: Knoweledge Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jinbo

    Logic and Bayesian Networks Part 3: Knoweledge Compilation Jinbo Huang Jinbo Huang Knowledge Compilation 1/ 53 #12;Negation Normal Form (NNF) AND/OR circuit over literals Jinbo Huang Knowledge Compilation 2/ 53 #12;Negation Normal Form (NNF) Any Boolean function can be represented in NNF (completeness

  8. PHYSICS IS THE LIBERAL ARTS OF HIGH TECH Physics for future presidents? Yes, that is a serious title. Energy, global warming,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    title. Energy, global warming, terrorism and counterterrorism, health, Internet, satellites, remote sensing, ICBMs and ABMs, DVDs and HDTVs: economic and political issues increas- ingly have a strong high is literate. Many children learn to read before kindergarten. Literacy in China is 84 percent according

  9. www.nature.com/natureimmunology april 2003 volume 4 no 4 nature immunology The peer-review process for scientific publication has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    -review process for scientific publication has taken some flak lately. At the end of January, the Cochrane Library (Jefferson, T.O. et al., issue 1, 2003; Update Software, Oxford, UK) published a `meta-review' of the studies of the randomized clinical trials liter- ature in its online Cochrane Library.) The authors concluded

  10. TAKE-HOME EXP. # 2 A Calculation of the Circumference and Radius of the Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickett, Galen T.

    TAKE-HOME EXP. # 2 A Calculation of the Circumference and Radius of the Earth On two dates during the year, the geometric relationship of Earth to the Sun produces "equinox", a word literally meaning and sunset is approximately 12 hours everywhere on Earth. b) The Sun is directly overhead at noon

  11. SPECIAL FEATURE: ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT www.iop.org/journals/physed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    ; without a scientifically literate population, the outlook for a better world is not promising." IndeedSPECIAL FEATURE: ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT www.iop.org/journals/physed Physics literacy, energy that socially significant topics can fit comfortably into a physics literacy course, looks at energy

  12. 298 The Physics Teacher Vol. 49, May 2011 DOI: 10.1119/1.3578426 carefully and with clear explanations. Citizens need to under-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    literate population, the outlook for a better world is not promising." This article discusses what I global warming, at- mospheric ozone depletion, nuclear weapons issues, nuclear power, energy resources- tum entanglement, quantum measurement, nuclear physics, high energy physics, the standard model

  13. Some new directions in control theory inspired by systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    Some new directions in control theory inspired by systems biology E.D. Sontag Abstract: This paper new theoretical problems arise naturally when addressing questions in the field of systems biology are in the midst of revolutionary developments in the biological sciences. Literally each day brings new dis

  14. NN-OPT: Neural Network for Option Pricing Using Multinomial Tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdon-Ismail, Malik

    on historical data. Finally, we illustrate the power of such a framework by developing a real time trading­7]. Other related topics can be found in [2, 8]. Option trading by directly predicting prices and then building trading sys- tems based on the predictions have been considered in the neural network liter- ature

  15. Unit Clause: Summary Benny Applebaum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, Benny

    Unit Clause: Summary Benny Applebaum Tel-Aviv University Spring Semester, 2012 #12;Unit Clause: Reminder Unit Clause Input: chosen uniformly from F3(n, rn). 1 If there exists unit clause (Forced step) pick at random unit clause { i} and satisfy it 2 Otherwise, (Free step) pick a random literal i

  16. Site Environmental Report for 2010, Volumes 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskin, David

    2012-01-01

    g pCi/g Sample WNW4-Leaf Bq/g pCi/g Sample SE215-Duff SE215-Sampling Results 1 Bq = 27 pCi. Station ENV-B13C providesL (15 picocuries per liter [pCi/L]) and 1.9 Bq/L (50 pCi/L),

  17. INDOOR RADIATION EXPOSURES FROM RADON AND ITS DAUGHTERS: A VIEW OF THE ISSUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero Jr., Anthony V.

    2013-01-01

    to 4 picocuries per liter of air (pCi/l). (A picocurie is anradon-222 concentration of 1 pCi/l would result in an annualnational housing stock (0.2 to 4 pCi/l) exposures would be

  18. Site Environmental Report for 2012, Volumes 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauer, Ron

    2013-01-01

    water are 0.6 Bq/L (15 picocuries/liter [pCi/L]) and 1.9Bq/L (50 pCi/L), respectively. 7,8 The federal andwater is 740 Bq/L (20,000 pCi/L). 9, 10 LBNL also uses the

  19. INDOOR RADIATION EXPOSURES FROM RADON AND ITS DAUGHTERS: A VIEW OF THE ISSUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero Jr., A.V.

    2010-01-01

    to 4 picocuries per liter of air (pCi/l). (A picocurie is anradon-222 concentration of 1 pCi/l would result in an annualnational housing stock (0.2 to 4 pCi/l) exposures would be

  20. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Paying for Positive Group Esteem: How Inequity Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    , the United States is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Yet the United States toler- ates the highest rate of poverty in the "developed" world (Smeed- ing, Rainwater, & Burtless, 2002), and differences in financial privilege can literally mean the difference between life and death (Feagin & Mc

  1. Winery waste makes fuel Electricity, bacteria break organics in wastewater into hydrogen gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    material in the wastewater into hydrogen gas. There is a lot more energy locked in the wastewater than to experience wine making and wine, and now they can also see a demonstration of how to make clean hydrogen gas liter of reactor," he added. "We hope to generate more energy in the form of hydrogen than was used

  2. Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Alaska Pacific University, in Anchorage. Since the University of Alaska Fairbanks is the primary research Barnes, with expertise in waste treatment and management, and Dr. Robert Perkins with expertise in human in a laboratory scale bioreactor (2-liter volume) which was fed cyanide laden wastewater and produced treated

  3. BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES PROBLEMS OF ENGINEERING CYBERNETICS AND ROBOTICS, 63

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    maximum output with minimum waste and cost. Keywords: Production automation, liquid food processing, food, 63 · 2011 · Sofia Design of an Automated System for Liquid Foods Production Plamen Yosifov in depth the design of an automated production system for liquid foods with capacity of 750 liters per hour

  4. Respect For Our Parents, and Thinking For Our Selves First, congratulations to all the graduates, and thank you for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairson, Harry

    it was a waste of my money." #12;And then, in a moment of inspiration, I added, "But I haven't decided yet whether it would be a waste of your money!" They exploded in outrage: "Are you kidding? Over our dead parents who created the subjects we study and who literally gave us food for thought, and inspired us

  5. 1 of 10 A.Gusman FEI 430 NanoSEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    before using them on clean parts. - Wear Gloves when touching ANYTHING inside the vacuum system water flow between 20-40 liters/hour (orange tabs) 5. Make sure the roughing pump is running. 6 to crash into the column. 8. With one hand on the door, press the "PUMP" button to pump the chamber to its

  6. Automated robust test framework for electrical impedance tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Andy

    impedance tomography (EIT) devices. The system is designed to calculate reliable, repeatable and accurate system by testing the overall effect of design changes. Test object Saline tank 9 g NaCl per liter H2 O 6. An automated test system and procedure is proposed, designed to enable systematic testing of electrical

  7. Proteolytic enzymes of Phymatotrichum omnivorum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgum, Alexis August

    1964-01-01

    . omnivorum were prepared by infecting autoclaved sorghum seed in flasks containing sterile soil. A single seed was removed with sterile forceps and placed in a 2 ' 5 liter low-form culture flask containing 300 ml of sterilised basal medium (Table 1) which...

  8. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computational Semantics, pages 310315, Tilburg, January 2009. c 2009 International Conference on Computational Semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    *male's tiger a male tiger a tiger of male kind aoi-me-no *blue eyes' doll blue eyes doll the doll with a hat," NP1 boshi is at the person's disposal. Aoi-me-no ningyo "the doll with blue eyes," literally, "blue eyes' doll" in (VIII) even expresses the part-whole relation in the reverse direction, compared

  9. 18 Planet Earth Winter 2010 he key feature that links many severe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woollings, Tim

    , outside the tropics, these regimes are usually linked in some way to a movement of the jet streams. The jet streams are literally jets of fast-moving air that are strongest about 10km up in the atmosphere Atlantic jet stream. Jet streams steer storm systems, so changes in the jet stream determine which regions

  10. Mercury Delivery System Tony Gabriel, Phil Spampinato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Jan 2005 Pump Issues · Pump adds heat to Hg - Pump delivers nominal 51 bhp at 23% efficiency (60 bhp.5hp (30kw) · With Vol=12liter, T=2.4°F/sec (1.3°C/sec) due to pump heating only · Max available pump LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Targetry Teleconference ­ 13 Jan 2005 Pump Energy Balance Pump Heat

  11. COGNITIVE SCIENCE 14, 179-211 (1990) FindingStructurein Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    1990-01-01

    -0076 from the Office of Naval Re- search and contract DAAB-O7-87-C-HO27 from Army Avionics, Ft of motor activity, an important issue is whether the action plan is a literal specification of the output

  12. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle SIGNING STRATEGIES FOR LOW-WATER AND FLOOD-PRONE HIGHWAY a lengthy detour, ignored barricades and tried to drive across a flooded street or low-water crossing-- literally driving themselves into harm's way. It takes as little as 2 ft of water to float most cars

  13. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Machine Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    : Normal plasma ops requirements - Sources A, B, and C at ~90kV. #12;OP-XMP-60 4 / 6 5. Sign off at run): Off Phasing: Duration (s): CHI: Off Bank capacitance (mF): LITER: On or Off (either way) Either: List gaps, , , heating, fuelling, etc. as appropriate. Accurately label the ske

  14. L2-index theorem for elliptic differential boundary problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    Thomas Schick* FB Mathematik Bunsenstr. 3 37073 G"ottingen, Germany email: schick@uni-math.gwdg.de http://www.uni-math.gwdg.de/schick Thomas Schick (A, T ) is elliptic. The following definition will literally also be applied to non

  15. D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of DC municipal drinking water quality through random sampling and testing of residential homes that could literally transform the lives of people, especially in the area of water availability. Mr. David. The Institute and the Cooperative Extension Service also added a solar powered weather station to the site

  16. CEC-500-2010-FS-XXX Natural Gas Engine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The project goal is to develop, integrate, and demonstrate three compressed natural gas (CNG) engines, which. to develop and optimize a sparkignited CNG Powered Refuse Truck Photo Credit: Cummings Westport, Inc. 11.9 liter CNG engine suitable for refuse and other vocational Class 8 applications. The engine

  17. Automatic calibration of LDA measurement volume size Mark Saffman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saffman, Mark

    Automatic calibration of LDA measurement volume size Mark Saffman The problem of particle number the instrument measurement cross section are given. An automatic calibration method for determining unknown are difficult and have rarely been reported inthe liter- ature. A new method of automatically determining

  18. Chapter 3 General Methods Poje and Redfield Methods in Molecular Medicine, vol. 71: Haemophilus Influenzae Protocols 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redfield, Rosemary J. "Rosie"

    V). H. influenzae strains normally grow well in rich media such as brain heart infusion, suitably.1 Media 1. Brain-heart infusion broth (BHI): 37 g/L Difco Brain Heart Infusion in distilled H2O. Autoclave. Supplemented Brain Heart Infusion (sBHI): Add 10 ml hemin stock and 200 µl NAD stock per liter of BHI. Prepare

  19. Complex Medical Processes as Context for Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of the process into account. Consider, for example, the new generation of "smart" infusion pumps for intravenous administration of medications and fluids. Infusion pumps were in- troduced over 30 years ago as limited rate per hour to many liters per hour, and may have several channels infusing Department of Computer

  20. Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile Catterina Ferreccio,1,2 Claudia- trations have since been reduced to 40 g/liter. We investi- gated the relation between lung cancer and arsenic in drinking water in northern Chile in a case-control study involving patients diagnosed with lung

  1. Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, P.; Kelly, K.

    1996-07-01

    This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

  2. Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kani

    51 Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn. 7.1. Definitions and basic concepts. 7. Then, N(t) : t 0, is a renewal process. A mathematical definition: N(t) = max{n : n i=0 Xi t, } where, ...} or continuous: [0, ). Obviously, the path of a renewal process is non-decreasing. The renewal literally means

  3. NSTX Weekly Report (June 11, 2010) FY 2010 NSTX plasma operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    heating, as well as dual probe lithium evaporation. The lithium (LITER) probe in the Bay F #12;position vacuum vessel. Operations resumed on Friday June 11 after the elevated leakage current issue was cleared. Also this week, a peer review of the new tangential FIDA diagnostic was held. Access to the NSTX test

  4. Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutton, Michael

    ;Figure 32: Alternative Transportation Fuels T k l fTank volume for same energy as 55 liters of gasolineFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12;Figure 2: US Liquid Demand by Sector and Fuel 2E Roberts, Energy in US Source: EIA: Annual Energy Outlook

  5. A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ Abstract. In this paper we propose a new and highly tractable structural approach to spot price modeling and derivative pricing in electricity markets, thus extending the growing branch of liter- ature which describes power

  6. The mechanical behavior of normally consolidated soils as a function of pore fluid salinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horan, Aiden James

    2012-01-01

    Pore fluid salinities in the Gulf of Mexico area can reach levels of 250 grams of salt per liter of pore fluid (g/1). It is now necessary to determine the effect that this salinity level can play on the mechanical behaviors ...

  7. Abstract No. Nach0475 Carbon Spectromicroscopic Studies of Metal Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    changes of humic acid (HA) in solution upon metal reaction, and was combined with NEXAFS studies of the metals for the different functional groups of HA. Methods and Materials: The humic acid used acid was hydrated in double deionized water for 1 week (0.1 g humic acid/ liter), after which

  8. Baskerville, C. A.; and Merguerian, Charles, 1982, Tectonic history of the New York Metropolitan area.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merguerian, Charles

    Baskerville, C. A.; and Merguerian, Charles, 1982, Tectonic history of the New York Metropolitan area. Urban field mapping of basement (literally in some cases) rocks in the New York Metropolitan area: Baskerville, C. A.; and Merguerian, Charles, 1982, Tectonic history of the New York Metropolitan area (abs

  9. This is a revised version of an invited address at the UNESCO Executive Board 161st Session Thematic debate "The New Information and Communication Technologies for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floridi, Luciano

    , East and West, industrialised and developing countries, political systems and religious traditions occurs between individuals rather than countries or whole societies, between the computer literate and indisputable that nobody can underestimate them. Two billion people have no access to electricity; four billion

  10. Climate Change Would Increase the Water Intensity of Irrigated Corn Rosa Dominguez-Faus,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    and Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, United States needed to comply with the Energy Independency and Security Act by 10%, from 94 to 102 trillion liters production in the U.S. is rapidly increasing after the adoption of the Energy Independence and Security Act

  11. Bailey:Meeting report A&G December 2006 Vol. 47 6.35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    literally "flood" buildings (and their surroundings) with light, should know better. Their efforts with new of light pollution as a statutory nui- sance; and the social and environmental costs of the wasted energy the wasted electricity is equivalent to driving the family car halfway to Australia? The problem Light

  12. HAS 222d Introduction to Energy and Environment: Life Under the Pale Sun Water as Commons 28.v.09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAS 222d Introduction to Energy and Environment: Life Under the Pale Sun Water as Commons 28.v.09 developed and yet uses only 969 liters water daily per person. For 6.7B people, this much water is 6700 km3/year. ­ global water cycle ~ evaporation and precipitation =0.5x106 = 0.5M km3/yr ~ 16 Sverdrups

  13. AUTISM AND THE PERPETUAL PUZZLE: A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS OF THREE EXPLANATIONS FOR AUTISM 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jodlowski, Denise M.

    2010-01-16

    ............................................................. 10 Introduction to the Discourse ......................................................... 23 Conclusion...................................................................................... 28 II AUTISM AS A BIOMEDICAL DISORDER... is paradoxical. In one sense, autism is, literally, a puzzling disorder. Another common description of autism, where each of the first letters combines to spell out the word autism, comes to mind here: ?Always Unique, Totally Interesting, Sometimes...

  14. Many marine and freshwater species associate with floating objects (flotsam)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ecological research has been conducted with the assumption that floating objects, especially drift algae-based work exists, little research has been conducted on the develop- mental aspects of association behavior on 22 February. Four different types of flotsam were created in 30-liter polycarbonate tanks with water

  15. Go Believe Buns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Greene, Megan; von Holten, Leslie

    2008-08-20

    Broadcast Transcript: They're tasty. They're popular. And they're a marketing nightmare. China's well-loved goubuli steamed buns are the pride of Tianjin, but their name translates literally to "a dog would ignore it." According to legend, the buns...

  16. The role of atomistic simulations in probing the small-scale aspects of fracture--a case study on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Baidurya

    The role of atomistic simulations in probing the small-scale aspects of fracture--a case study reviews atomistic simulation (AS) of fracture of solids along with recent advances reported in the liter- ature. While classical fracture mechanics is based on continuum assumptions, AS can provide a first

  17. ECOS Inquiry Template 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Hannah Elliott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    loses heat faster, flat or round? b. Ecological Theme(s): Winter Animal Adaptations c. General Goal: Understand why birds in cold climates are round, and how some birds are able to stay in Montana. MATERIALS LIST (including any handouts or transparency masters): Thermometers, Pie Tins, 1-Liter Soda

  18. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01

    relative to coal than base case IV: Transportation cost isCoal-based ethanol pro- 0.430 duction cost ($/liter) Ethanol transportation 0.050 cost -Coal-based ethanol production cost: OECD estimate for ethanol production cost 3. Ethanol transportation cost

  19. On the determination of reference levels for quality assurance of flattening filter free photon beams in radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clivio, Alessandro; Belosi, Maria Francesca; Cozzi, Luca; Nicolini, Giorgia; Vanetti, Eugenio; Fogliata, Antonella; Bolard, Grégory; Fenoglietto, Pascal; Krauss, Harald

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: New definitions for some dosimetric parameters for use in quality assurance of flattening filter free (FFF) beams generated by medical linear accelerators have been suggested. The present study aims to validate these suggestions and to propose possible reference levels. Methods: The main characteristics of FFF photon beams were described in terms of: field size, penumbra, unflatness, slope, and peak-position parameters. Data were collected for 6 and 10 MV-FFF beams from three different Varian TrueBeam Linacs. Measurements were performed with a 2D-array (Starcheck system from PTW-Freiburg) and with the portal dosimetry method GLAaS utilizing the build-in portal imager of TrueBeam. Data were also compared to ion chamber measurements. A cross check validation has been performed on a FFF beam of 6 MV generated by a Varian Clinac-iX upgraded to FFF capability. Results : All the parameters suggested to characterize the FFF beams resulted easily measurable and little variation was observed among different Linacs. Referring to two reference field sizes of 10 × 10 and 20 × 20 cm{sup 2}, at SDD = 100 cm and d = dmax, from the portal dosimetry data, the following results (averaging X and Y profiles) were obtained. Field size: 9.95 ± 0.02 and 19.98 ± 0.03 cm for 6 MV-FFF (9.94 ± 0.02 and 19.98 ± 0.03 cm for 10 MV-FFF). Penumbra: 2.7 ± 0.3 and 2.9 ± 0.3 mm for 6 MV-FFF (3.1 ± 0.2 and 3.3 ± 0.3 for 10 MV-FFF). Unflatness: 1.11 ± 0.01 and 1.25 ± 0.01 for 6 MV-FFF (1.21 ± 0.01 and 1.50 ± 0.01 for 10 MV-FFF). Slope: 0.320 ± 0.020%/mm and 0.43 ± 0.015%/mm for 6 MV-FFF (0.657 ± 0.023%/mm and 0.795 ± 0.017%/mm for 10 MV-FFF). Peak Position ?0.2 ± 0.2 and ?0.4 ± 0.2 mm for 6 MV-FFF (?0.3 ± 0.2 and 0.7 ± 0.3 mm for 10 MV-FFF). Results would depend upon measurement depth. With thresholds set to at least 95% confidence level from the measured data and to account for possible variations between detectors and methods and experimental settings, a tolerance set of: 1 mm for field size and penumbra, 0.04 for unflatness, 0.1%/mm for slope, and 1 mm for peak position could be proposed from our data. Conclusions : The parameters proposed for the characterization and routine control of stability of profiles of FFF beams appear to be a viable solution with a strong similarity to the conventional parameters used for flattened beams. The results from three different TrueBeams and the cross-validation against a Clinac-iX suggested the possible generalization of the methods and the possibility to use common tolerances for the parameters. The data showed also the reproducibility of beam characteristics among different systems (of the same vendor) and the resulting parameter values could therefore be possibly generalized.

  20. Solicitation and Selection of Partner Projects, Technical Team Leads, and Measurement and Validation Contractors for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Funded Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP-2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nesse, Ronald J.; Baechler, Michael C.; Iverson, Megan M.

    2010-09-30

    In March 2010, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) joined two other labs receiving ARRA funding, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the National Renewable National Laboratory (NREL), to began weekly conference calls with the goal of coordinating a joint lab solicitation to support the ARRA-funded CBP project. Two solicitations were identified for: 1) new CBP Partners; 2) technical contractors to provide technical assistance and measurement and verification (M&V) contractors. The M&V contractors support the work by providing model reviews and conducting monitoring studies to verify building performance. This report documents the process used by the labs for the solicitations, and describes the process and outcomes for PNNL, selection of candidate Partners, technical teams, and M&V contractors.

  1. Renewable Energy and the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.; Thompson, A.; Mills, D.; Kats, G. H.

    1999-04-14

    The Renewables Subcommittee for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) is developing a section of the IPMVP treating the special issues related to performance measurement of renewable energy systems. An industry consensus framework for measuring project benefits is important in realizing the promise of renewable energy. This work represents a voluntary, consensus-building process among sponsoring organizations from 21 countries and several disciplines. Measurement and Verification (M&V) can provide a common tool for standardization to support performance-based contracting, financing, and emissions trading. M&V can ensure that savings and generation requirements in energy projects will be achieved accurately and objectively. The protocol defines procedures that are consistently applicable to similar projects, internationally accepted, and reliable. Actual M&V project results can demonstrate success and provide developers, investors, lenders, and customers with more confidence in the value of future projects.

  2. Performance of 3-cell Seamless Niobium cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kneisel, Peter K. [JLAB; Ciovati, Gianluigi [JLBA; Jelezov, I. [DESY, Hamburg; Singer, W. [DESY, Hamburg; Singer, X. [DESY, Hamburg

    2009-11-01

    In the last several months we have surface treated and cryogenically tested three TESLA-type 3-cell cavities, which had been manufactured at DESY as seamless assemblies by hydroforming. The cavities were completed at JLab with beam tube/flange assemblies. All three cavities performed very well after they had been post-purified with titanium at 1250C for 3 hrs. The cavities, two of which consisted of an end cell and 2 center cells and one was a center cell assembly, achieved gradients of Eacc = 32 MV/m, 34 MV/m and 35 MV/m without quenches. The performance was limited by the appearance of the “Q-drop” in the absence of field emission. This contribution reports about the various measurements undertaken with these cavities.

  3. Percutaneous Mitral Valve Dilatation: Single Balloon versus Double Balloon - A Finite Element Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schievano, Silvia; Kunzelman, Karyn; Nicosia, Mark; Cochran, R. P.; Einstein, Daniel R.; Khambadkone, Sachin; Bonheoffer, Philipp

    2009-01-01

    Background: Percutaneous mitral valve (MV) dilatation is performed with either a single balloon (SB) or double balloon (DB) technique. The aim of this study was to compare the two balloon system results using the finite element (FE) method. Methods and Results: An established FE model of the MV was modified by fusing the MV leaflet edges at commissure level to simulate a stenotic valve (orifice area=180mm2). A FE model of a 30mm SB (low-pressure, elastomeric balloon) and an 18mm DB system (high-pressure, non-elastic balloon) was created. Both SB and DB simulations resulted in splitting of the commissures and subsequent stenosis dilatation (final MV area=610mm2 and 560mm2 respectively). Stresses induced by the two balloon systems varied across the valve. At the end of inflation, SB showed higher stresses in the central part of the leaflets and at the commissures compared to DB simulation, which demonstrated a more uniform stress distribution. The higher stresses in the SB analysis were due to the mismatch of the round balloon shape with the oval mitral orifice. The commissural split was not easily accomplished with the SB due to its high compliance. The high pressure applied to the DB guaranteed the commissural split even when high forces were required to break the commissure welds. Conclusions: The FE model demonstrated that MV dilatation can be accomplished by both SB and DB techniques. However, the DB method resulted in higher probability of splitting of the fused commissures and less damage caused to the MV leaflets by overstretching.

  4. Noise suppression in reconstruction of low-Z target megavoltage cone-beam CT images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Jing; Robar, James; Guan Huaiqun

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To improve the image contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratio for low-Z target megavoltage cone-beam CT (MV CBCT) using a statistical projection noise suppression algorithm based on the penalized weighted least-squares (PWLS) criterion. Methods: Projection images of a contrast phantom, a CatPhan{sup Registered-Sign} 600 phantom and a head phantom were acquired by a Varian 2100EX LINAC with a low-Z (Al) target and low energy x-ray beam (2.5 MeV) at a low-dose level and at a high-dose level. The projections were then processed by minimizing the PWLS objective function. The weighted least square (WLS) term models the noise of measured projection and the penalty term enforces the smoothing constraints of the projection image. The variance of projection data was chosen as the weight for the PWLS objective function and it determined the contribution of each measurement. An anisotropic quadratic form penalty that incorporates the gradient information of projection image was used to preserve edges during noise reduction. Low-Z target MV CBCT images were reconstructed by the FDK algorithm after each projection was processed by the PWLS smoothing. Results: Noise in low-Z target MV CBCT images were greatly suppressed after the PWLS projection smoothing, without noticeable sacrifice of the spatial resolution. Depending on the choice of smoothing parameter, the CNR of selected regions of interest in the PWLS processed low-dose low-Z target MV CBCT image can be higher than the corresponding high-dose image.Conclusion: The CNR of low-Z target MV CBCT images was substantially improved by using PWLS projection smoothing. The PWLS projection smoothing algorithm allows the reconstruction of high contrast low-Z target MV CBCT image with a total dose of as low as 2.3 cGy.

  5. Fundamental Research in Superconducting RF Cavity Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Georg Hoffstaetter

    2012-11-13

    This is a 3-year SRF R&D proposal with two main goals: 1) to benefit near term high gradient SRF applications by understanding the causes of quench at high fields in present-day niobium cavities 2) to open the long-range prospects for SRF applications by experimentally verifying the recent exciting theoretical predication for new cavity materials such as Nb3Sn and MgB2. These predictions shwo that ultimately gradients of 100Mv/m to 200MV/m may become possible as material imperfections are overcome.

  6. Sparse LU Factorization for Large Circuit Matrices on Heterogenous Parallel Computing Platforms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsare, Aditya Sanjay

    2014-05-27

    random sparse matrix, with a sparsity of 0.25 and n=30,000 for our tests. Figure 4.1 shows GFlops versus the number 29 Table 4.2: Performance of parallel SpMV operations for COO, CSC and CSR sparse matrix formats COO (unsorted) CSC CSR Xeon E5-1620 0... NOMENCLATURE CSR Compressed Sparse Row CSC Compressed Sparse Column COO Coordinate Format N,n Order of Matrix NNZ Number of Non-zeros SpMV Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication BTF Block Triangular Form AMD Approximate Minimum Degree v TABLE OF CONTENTS Page...

  7. Vertical and horizontal test results of 3.9-GHz accelerating cavities at FNAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khabiboulline, T.; Edwards, H.; Foley, M.; Harms, E.; Hocker, James Andrew; Mitchell, D.; Rowe, A.; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

    2008-06-01

    The 3rd harmonic 3.9GHz accelerating cavity was proposed to improve the beam performance of the VUV FEL, FLASH. In the frame of a collaborative agreement, Fermilab will provide DESY with a cryomodule containing a string of four cavities. Seven 9-cell Nb cavities were tested and six of them did reach accelerating gradient up to 24 MV/m almost twice more than design value of 14 MV/m. Two of these cavities are with new HOM couplers with improved design. In this paper we present all results of the vertical and horizontal tests.

  8. Megavoltage imaging with a photoconductor based sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Partain, Larry Dean (Los Altos, CA); Zentai, George (Mountain View, CA)

    2011-02-08

    A photodetector for detecting megavoltage (MV) radiation comprises a semiconductor conversion layer having a first surface and a second surface disposed opposite the first surface, a first electrode coupled to the first surface, a second electrode coupled to the second surface, and a low density substrate including a detector array coupled to the second electrode opposite the semiconductor conversion layer. The photodetector includes a sufficient thickness of a high density material to create a sufficient number of photoelectrons from incident MV radiation, so that the photoelectrons can be received by the conversion layer and converted to a sufficient of recharge carriers for detection by the detector array.

  9. Random variation in rectal position during radiotherapy for prostate cancer is two to three times greater than that predicted from prostate motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaife, J.; Harrison, K.; Romanchikova, M.; Parker, A.; Sutcliffe, M.; Bond, S.; Thomas, S.; Freeman, S.; Jena, R.; Bates, A.; Burnet, N.

    2014-09-16

    that were less superior on the MV scan were defined as negative. The median difference in position when all days and patients were combined was 3mm, with an IQR of 21.5 to 7.5mm. With an MV slice thickness of 6mm, this meant that the IQR showed ,1 slice... thirds. The range was 21.4 to 4.2 mm for the 10 patients, reflecting S in rectal radius between patients. IQR varied between patients (range, 1.8–6.1mm), corresponding to differences in s be- tween patients. Figure 4. (Supporting material.) Boxplot...

  10. Examen Estimation -Detection Mercredi 19 Novembre 2008, 8h00-10h00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tourneret, Jean-Yves

    ; )] = � nX i=1 xi ! ln - n - nX i=1 ln [xi!] La d´eriv´ee de la log-vraisemblance poss`ede donc l'expression suivante ln [L (x1, ..., xn; )] = 1 nX i=1 xi - n d'o`u ln [L (x1, ..., xn; )] = 0 = 1 n nX i=1 xi-vraisemblance, d'o`u bMV = X = 1 n nX i=1 Xi Cet estimateur est sans biais et de variance Var h bMV i = Var [X1] n

  11. Preliminary PBFA II design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, D. L.; VanDevender, J. P.; Martin, T. H.

    1980-01-01

    The upgrade of Sandia National Laboratories particle beam fusion accelerator, PBFA I, to PBFA II presents several interesting and challenging pulsed power design problems. PBFA II requires increasing the PBFA I output parameters from 2 MV, 30 TW, 1 MJ to 4 MV, 100 TW, 3.5 MJ with the constraint of using much of the same PBFA I hardware. The increased PBFA II output will be obtained by doubling the number of modules (from 36 to 72), increasing the primary energy storage (from 4 MJ to 15 MJ), lowering the pulse forming line (PFL) output impedance, and adding a voltage doubling network.

  12. A Procedure for the Performance Evaluation of a New Commercial Building: Part II – Overall Methodology and Comparison of Results 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, S.; Haberl, J.S.

    2008-01-01

    Measurement & Verification Protocol (IPMVP 2001, 2003), ASHRAE’s Guideline 14-2002 (ASHRAE 2002), and the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP 2000) contain M&V methods for existing building retrofits, but include only a general M&V framework and selected... approaches for new buildings (IPMVP 2003). In 1995, the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) developed the Lead- ership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) program in response to the U.S. market’s demand for a definition of “green buildings” (USGBC 2002...

  13. The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS), and Absence of Voltage Gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junge, Wolfgang

    The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS), and Absence of Voltage Gating portion of F0F1-ATP synthase, F0, translocates protons by a rotary mechanism. Proton conduction by F0. The current-voltage relationship of F0 was linear from 7 to 70 mV. The current was extremely proton

  14. Please cite this article in press as: Gilfillan, S.M.V., et al., He and Ne as tracers of natural CO2 migration up a fault from a deep reservoir. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.08.008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    in the deep reservoir, can be traced along a fault plane to occur in waters from both groundwater wells2 migration up a fault from a deep reservoir. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control (2011), doi:10.1016/j migration up a fault from a deep reservoir Stuart M.V. Gilfillana, , Mark Wilkinsona , R. Stuart Haszeldinea

  15. Josephine studied in Havard (MA) for her BSc and then did her PhD at UCBerkeley, both in Physics. In 2003 she started a postdoctoral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    , Low-dose megavoltage cone-beam CT for radiation therapy. Int. J. Radiation Oncology Biol. Phys., 61, California, B.A. Physics, 1997, Harvard University. Research Dose Reconstruction with MV Cone Beam.F., Chen J., Xia P. and Pouliot J., Patient Dose for Megavoltage Cone-Beam CT Imaging, Int. J. Radiation

  16. Vacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & Pumps Ref: CLC notes (JHU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kai

    Vacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & PumpsVacuum Basics & Pumps Ref: CLC notes (JHU) Some graphs courtesy of KJLesker, Edwards, Veeco #12;I. VacuumI. Vacuum 1 atm= 760 torr = 1.0132 bar = 1.013x105 Pa = 14.7 psi Rough Vacuum (RV) 1 torr ­ 760 torrg ( ) Medium Vacuum (MV) 10-5 torr

  17. igh-dielectricshavebeenactivelypursuedtoreplaceSiO2 asgate insulatorsforsilicondevices1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Paul L.

    with advanced gate dielectrics may open a new route to advanced miniature field- effectdevices. Single gates with SiO2 dielectrics18 and electrochemical gates with an aqueous electrolyte solution obtained by annealing the devices in hydrogen exhibit S ~ 90 mV per decade. High voltage gains of up to 60

  18. 2002 Nature Publishing Group nature materials | VOL 1 | DECEMBER 2002 | www.nature.com/naturematerials 241

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ural, Ant

    with advanced gate dielectrics may open a new route to advanced miniature field- effectdevices. Single tungsten gates with SiO2 dielectrics18 and electrochemical gates with an aqueous electrolyte solution obtained by annealing the devices in hydrogen exhibit S ~ 90 mV per decade. High voltage gains of up to 60

  19. Degree List Title UCAS Code Degree Title UCAS Code Degree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    ­Integrated Information Technology GV51 MA Ancient History­Italian RV31 MA Ancient History­Italian (WIYA) RVHD MA Ancient­Hebrew QV94 MA Art History­Integrated Information Technology GV54 MA Art History­International Relations MV Abroad Ancient History V110 MA Ancient History & Archaeology VV16 MA Ancient History­Art History VVD4 MA

  20. Accelerated Publications Nitrosocyanin, a Red Cupredoxin-like Protein from Nitrosomonas europaea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrich, Mike

    reductase, a nitric oxide reductase, This work was supported by grants to A.B.H. from the Department the ammonia-oxidizing autotrophic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea, is shown to be a homo-oligomer of 12 kDa Cu, respectively. The reduction potential of NC (85 mV vs SHE) is much lower than those for known cupredoxins

  1. Two-photoelectrode solid-state photoelectrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sammells, A.F.; Schmidt, S.K.

    1984-09-14

    The solid-state photoelectrochemical cell p-InP/C44H28N4Fe(+3) Porphine, Nafion 117/Nafion 117/(bpy)3Ru(2+), Nafion 117/n-Cds was prepared and given photopotentials in excess of 1100 mV and appears to be a novel approach for not only specialized storage devices but also in specific detector applications.

  2. i i 'i i WWW--i i http://www.icmp.lviv.ua/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    migration of 90 Sr, 239 Pu occurs during 8-10 years in near-surface layer of the soil depth up to 5 cm migration in soils and soil waters I.M. Krip, T.V. Shymchuk, P.A. Hlushak, M.V. Tokarchuk Abstract. Numerical modeling of radionuclides migration in the near- surface layer of soil is performed

  3. Cryogenic Test of Double Quarter Wave Crab Cavity for the LHC High Luminosity Upgrade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, B; Belomestnykh, S; Ben-Zvi, I; Calaga, Rama; Cullen, C; Capatina, Ofelia; Hammons, L; Li, Z; Marques, C; Skaritka, J; Verdú-Andres, S; Wu, Q

    2015-01-01

    A Proof-of-Principle (PoP) Double Quarter Wave Crab Cavity (DQWCC) was designed and fabricated for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade. A vertical cryogenic test has been done at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL). The cavity achieved 4.5 MV deflecting voltage with a quality factor above 3×109 . We report the test results of this design.

  4. Road Map for Studies to Produce Consistent and High Performance SRF Accelerator Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapati Rao Myneni; John F. O’Hanlon

    2007-06-20

    Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) accelerator structures made from high purity niobium are becoming the technological choice for a large number of future accelerators and energy recovery LINAC’s (ERL). Most of the presently planned accelerators and ERL requirements will be met with some effort by the current SRF technology where accelerating gradients of about 20 MV/m can be produced on a routine basis with an acceptable yield. However, the XFEL at DESY and the planned ILC require acceleration gradients more than 28 MV/m and 35 MV/m respectively. At the recent ILC meeting at Snowmass (2005) concern was expressed regarding the wide spread in the achieved accelerator gradients and the relatively low yields. For obtaining accelerating gradients of 35 MV/m in SRF accelerator structures consistently, a deeper understanding of the causes for the spread has to be gained and advances have to be made in many scientific and high technology fields, including materials, surface and vacuum sciences, application of reliable processes and procedures, which provide contamination –free surfaces and avoid recontamination and cryogenics related technologies. In this contribution a road map for studies needed to produce consistent and high performance SRF accelerator structures from the needed materials development to clean and non-recontaminating processes and procedures will be presented.

  5. Quick Manual LMS communication setup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quick Manual LMS communication setup - 1 - © SICK AG · Auto Ident · Germany · All rights reserved Quick Manual for LMS communication setup Hardware setup and measurement mode configuration Version 1.0 June 2001 (HW/MV) #12;Quick Manual LMS communication setup - 2 - © SICK AG · Auto Ident · Germany · All

  6. Battery-assisted and Photovoltaic-sourced Switched-inductor CMOS Harvesting ChargerSupply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    Battery-assisted and Photovoltaic-sourced Switched-inductor CMOS Harvesting Charger­Supply Rajiv-scale photovoltaic (PV) cells harness a diminutive fraction of light and artificial lighting avails a small 25 mV at 10 ­ 80 kHz and with 77% ­ 89% efficiency. Index Terms--Harvester, photovoltaic (PV

  7. JOURNALOF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Vol. 70, No. 1. July 1993. Pi-inted in C!S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huguenard, John R.

    of Low-Threshold Calcium Current in Thalamic Relay Neurons After Corticectomy JUN-MO CHUNG, JOHN R ( postnatal day 7)) low-threshold transient calcium (T) currents in acutely isolated thalamic relay neurons. At a test voltage of -40 mV, the activation time constant decreased from 4.1 to 3.2 ms (P

  8. Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine Volume 32 Number 4, 2009 SCIENTIFIC NOTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    is designed for low dose assessment at kilovoltage x-ray energies. Probably the most used film for radiation change of 0.590 ± 0.020 (2SD) for a 1 Gy radiation absorbed dose using 6 MV x-rays when measured for assessment of radiation dose in medical applications. Other film types like, B3 Windose1 (GEX Corporation

  9. THE I TERIOR h V Delaware II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .···.············· Design features of the MV Delaware II Trawler facilities and operation. Longlining operation ·...· Purse seining arrangement Gill netting Other gear Special research vessel features ·· Laboratory spaces )· · Steering system. Fish hold Construction .· iii P a ge 2 3 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 #12;Design

  10. Multipacting-free quarter-wavelength choke joint design for BNL SRF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, W.; Belomestnykh, S.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Liaw, C. J.; Smith, K.; Than, R.; Tuozzolo, J.; Wang, E.; Weiss, D.; Zaltsman, A.

    2015-05-03

    The BNL SRF gun cavity operated well in CW mode up to 2 MV. However, its performance suffered due to multipacting in the quarter-wavelength choke joint. A new multipacting-free cathode stalk was designed and conditioned. This paper describes RF and thermal design of the new cathode stalk and its conditioning results.

  11. GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to synchrotron radiation facilities and free-electron lasers, and as modules for high-energy particle physics. Radiofrequency-based accelerators are limited to relatively low accelerating fields (10-50 MV m-1 ), requiring tens to hundreds of metres to reach the multi-GeV beam energies needed to drive radiation sources

  12. Influence of viscoelastic and viscous absorption on ultrasonic wave propagation in cortical bone: application to axial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and the surrounding soft tissues are attenuating media, which might affect the radiofrequency signals measured systems and media, 43.20.Mv Waveguides, wave propagation in tubes and ducts, 43.20.Px Transient radiation and scattering, 43.40.Rj Radiation from vibrating structures into fluid media, 43.35.Pt Surface waves in solids

  13. Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes and Coral Growth in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea as Environmental and Climate Indicators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Amy Jo

    2011-02-22

    to the Department of Energy Global Change Education Program (GCEP) Graduate Research Environmental Fellowship (GREF) for funding my graduate work and the Texas Sea Grant for providing the funding for this research. Much thanks goes to the crew of the M/V Fling...

  14. FIRST OCCURRENCE OF FOOTPRINTS OF LARGE THERAPSIDS FROM THE UPPER PERMIAN OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    have been found in the Cis-Urals region of European Russia. The foot- print horizon is in Late PermianFIRST OCCURRENCE OF FOOTPRINTS OF LARGE THERAPSIDS FROM THE UPPER PERMIAN OF EUROPEAN RUSSIA, Russia; e-mail: SurkovMV@info.sgu.ru Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1

  15. J Nonlinear Sci (2011) 21: 151191 DOI 10.1007/s00332-010-9080-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    2011-01-01

    .A. Zykov Institute of Metal Physics, Urals Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia.M. Kamchatnov Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Troitsk, Moscow Region, Russia M.V. Pavlov Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia S.A. Zykov SISSA, Trieste, Italy S

  16. A single-particle/single-cell microbeam based on an isotopic alpha source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Randers-Pehrson, D.J. Brenner Columbia University, Radiological Research Accelerator Facility, 136 S-alone; Accelerator 1. Introduction and overall design Columbia UniversityÕs Radiological Research Accelerator Facility (RARAF) is home to a sin- gle-cell/single-particle microbeam based on a 4.2 MV Van de Graaff

  17. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 950-974; doi:10.3390/rs4040950 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -02431 Masala, Finland; E-Mails: juha.hyyppa@fgi.fi (J.H.); yu.xiaowei@fgi.fi (X.Y.); antero-00014 Helsinki, Finland; E-Mails: mikko.vastaranta@helsinki.fi (M.V.); markus.holopainen@helsinki.fi (M.H.) 3 School of Science and Technology, Aalto University, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland; E-Mail: hannu

  18. Robust Efficient Frontier Analysis with a Separable Uncertainty Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-11-29

    We consider MV analysis with n risky assets held over a period of time. ..... since it is the pointwise infimum of a family of linear functions. ...... for Circuit & System Solutions award 2003-CT-888, by JPL award I291856, by the Precourt. Institute ...

  19. Compact passive wireless reinforced concrete corrosion initiation sensor that can be installed in existing steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    with a resolution of less than 10 mV. The sensor is 25 mm in diameter and is intended to be installed by drilling of reinforcement steel is Cl- ingression from the de-icing salts used extensively to clear snow and ice in winter

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 43394348, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/4339/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of fossil fuel combustion aerosols in mixed-phase clouds Y. Yun1,2, J. E. Penner1, and O. Popovicheva3 1Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 201 Forrestal Road, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA 3D.V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, M.V. Lomonosov