Sample records for liter mv millivolt

  1. The role of literal meaning in metaphor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Martin Allen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examining literal meaning and the role it plays in the explanation of metaphor shows that the concept of meaning by itself is not powerful enough to answer questions about using and comprehending metaphorical utterances. A full theory...

  2. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 #12;M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared For: U 2007. M&V Guidelines 3.0 FEMPii #12;Contents Section Page Section 1 Measurement and Verification (M

  3. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 3.0) Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects...

  4. Revised 01/15/2014 MV-3/MV-4/Safety Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    (6 mo. or 1 year) for preventive maintenance ( ) MV4 Preventive Maintenance Record (Incorrect ( ) Fuel Cost ( ) Maintenance ( ) Other Cost ( ) Down Days ( ) Total Expenses ( ) Authorized Supervisor Other Costs and Non-Maintenance Section ( ) Other Costs (Incorrect or Missing Information): ( ) Date

  5. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verifi cation for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared...

  6. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 3.0) M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 3.0)...

  7. Measurement and Verification (M&V) Planning Tool

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    discussed during the project development stage (in Powerpoint format). 3. M&V Planning Flow Chart - A conceptual flow chart capturing the development process for an M&V plan (in...

  8. Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 4.0) Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version...

  9. Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5. Continuous Commissioning Measures 6. Measurement and Verification 2 ESL-KT-14-11-39 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Measurement and Verification (M&V) Joseph T. Martinez, PCC Carlos Yagua, PE Hiroko...Workshop on the Continuous Commissioning® Process Joseph T. Martinez, PCC Carlos Yagua, PE Hiroko Masuda, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, PhD, PE Ahmet Ugursal, PhD Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference, Dallas, Texas. November 18, 2014...

  10. The Naples University 3 MV tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campajola, L.; Brondi, A. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli ''Federico II'' Complesso Universitario di Monte S.Angelo via Cintia 80126 Napoli, Italy and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sez. di Napoli (Italy)

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The 3 MV tandem accelerator of the Naples University is used for research activities and applications in many fields. At the beginning of operation (1977) the main utilization was in the field of nuclear physics. Later, the realization of new beam lines allowed the development of applied activities as radiocarbon dating, ion beam analysis, biophysics, ion implantation etc. At present, the availability of different ion sources and many improvements on the accelerator allow to run experiments in a wide range of subjects. An overview of the characteristics and major activities of the laboratory is presented.

  11. ESPC Measurement and Verification (M&V) Planning Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document provides instructions for Federal agencies on how to use a measurement and verification (M&V) planning tool for energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

  12. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    responsibility for achieving savings related to equipment performance. Operations, preventive maintenance, and repair and FEMP M&V Guidelines 3.0 3-1 replacement practices...

  13. Performance Assurance and M&V for UESC Projects

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Verification (M&V) Provides: recourse on ESPC contracts (guaranteed savings) data to report energy efficiency status track project ROI information that can be...

  14. Development of radiological concentrations and unit liter doses for TWRS FSAR radiological consequence calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowley, W.L.

    1996-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis described in this report develops the Unit Liter Doses for use in the TWRS FSAR. The Unit Liter Doses provide a practical way to calculate conservative radiological consequences for a variety of potential accidents for the tank farms.

  15. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 4.0 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By

  16. State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.

  17. COMMISSIONING AND OPERATION OF THE CEBAF 100 MV CRYOMODULES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, Trent; Davis, G; Drury, Michael; Harwood, Leigh; Hogan, John; Kimber, Andrew; Lahti, George; Merz, William; Nelson, Richard; Plawski, Tomasz; Seidman, David; Spata, Michael; Wilson, Michael

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) energy upgrade from 6 GeV to 12 GeV includes the installation of ten new 100 MV cryomodules and RF systems. The superconducting RF cavities are designed to operate CW at a maximum accelerating gradient of 19.3 MV/m. To support the higher gradients and higher Q{sub L} ({approx} 3 x 10{sup 7}), a new RF system has been developed and is being installed to power and control the cavities. The RF system employs digital control and 13 kW klystrons. Recently, two of these cryomodules and associated RF hardware and software have been installed and commissioned in the CEBAF accelerator. Electrons at linac currents up to 540 {micro}A have been successfully accelerated and used for nuclear physics experiments. This paper reports on the commissioning and operation of the RF system and cryomodules.

  18. M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment J-8)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document outlines measurement and verification (M&V) planning and savings calculation methods for an energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

  19. U. S. Army Measurement and Verification (M&V) Costing Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Powell, T.; Carlson, K. A.; Im, P.; Turner, W. D.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for monitoring and verifying savings, and a description of the M&V Costing Toolkit. In addition, examples of the use of the M&V Costing Toolkit will also be presented for thirteen scenarios, including the M&V of boilers, chillers, EMCS, and lighting retrofits....

  20. Literate Programming using noweb Andrew L. Johnson and Brad C. Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Norman

    Literate Programming using noweb Andrew L. Johnson and Brad C. Johnson December 19, 2000. The Computer Journal (27)2:97-111]. This article focuses on Norman Ramsey's noweb--a simple to use, extensible{Introduction} This is [[autodefs.perl

  1. Remote temperature measurements in femto-liter volumes using dual-focus-Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    Remote temperature measurements in femto-liter volumes using dual-focus-Fluorescence Correlation February 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b807910b Remote temperature measurements in microfluidic devices with micrometer for remote temperature measurements on a micrometer scale. We perform comparative temperature measurements

  2. Low-Z linac targets for low-MV gold nanoparticle radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsiamas, P.; Mishra, P.; Berbeco, R. I.; Marcus, K.; Zygmanski, P., E-mail: pzygmanski@lroc.harvard.edu, E-mail: Erno-Sajo@uml.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Cifter, F.; Sajo, E., E-mail: pzygmanski@lroc.harvard.edu, E-mail: Erno-Sajo@uml.edu [Medical Physics Program, Department of Physics and Applied Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the potential of low-Z/low-MV (low-Z) linac targets for gold nanoparticle radiotherapy (GNPT) and to determine the microscopic dose enhancement ratio (DER) due to GNP for the alternative beamlines. In addition, to evaluate the degradation of dose enhancement arising from the increased attenuation of x rays and larger skin dose in water for the low-MV beams compared to the standard linac. Methods: Monte Carlo simulations were used to compute dose and DER for various flattening-filter-free beams (2.5, 4, 6.5 MV). Target materials were beryllium, diamond, and tungsten-copper high-Z target. Target thicknesses were selected based on 20%, 60%, 70%, and 80% of the continuous slowing down approximation electron ranges for a given target material and energy. Evaluation of the microscopic DER was carried out for 100 nm GNP including the degradation factors due to beam attenuation. Results: The greatest increase in DER compared to the standard 6.5 MV linac was for a 2.5 MV Be-target (factor of ?2). Skin dose ranged from ?10% (Be, 6.5 MV-80%) to ?85% (Be, 2.5 MV-20%) depending on the target case. Attenuation of 2.5 MV beams at 22 cm was higher by ?75% compared with the standard beam. Taking into account the attenuation at 22 cm depth, the effective dose enhancement was up to ?60% above the DER of the high-Z target. For these cases the effective DER ranged between ?1.6 and 6 compared with the standard linac. Conclusions: Low-Z (2.5 MV) GNPT is possible even after accounting for greater beam attenuation for deep-seated tumors (22 cm) and the increased skin dose. Further, it can lead to significant sparing of normal tissue while simultaneously escalating the dose in the tumor cells.

  3. Use of Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis to Support M&V Decisions in Super ESPCs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Satish; Mathew, Paul

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the financial analysis of the ESPC, in that it providesis a critical element of an ESPC—without it, there is no wayrealized. Every FEMP Super ESPC is required to have an M&V

  4. Use of Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis to Support M&V Decisions in ESPCs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Paul A.; Koehling, Erick; Kumar, Satish

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) - without M&V, there isthe projected savings in an ESPC are in fact being realized.conservation measure in an ESPC, there are usually several

  5. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  6. Measurement and verifiction (M&V) guidelines for federal energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides procedures and guidelines for quantifying the savings resulting from the installation of Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) implemented with federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) or task orders implemented under a federal IDIQ contract. The first section of this document provides an overview of measurement and verification (M&V) options and procedures. The second, third, and fourth sections provide standardized measurement and verification (M&V) methods for common types of ECMs.

  7. Spark-protected ion-source control and monitoring system at 1. 5 MV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogaty, J.M.; Zolecki, R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Program at Argonne National Laboratory utilizes a 1.5-MV Xe ion preaccelerator. Reliable beam transport requires accurate measurements and precise control of various ion-source parameters. This paper discusses the use of a multiplexed fiberoptic data-transmission system and low-cost digital stepper motors for control functions. Techniques are discussed which allow TTL and CMOS semiconductor curcuits to survive the destructive sparks which can occur in the 1.5-MV preaccelerator.

  8. Abstract--Health information access by low-literate community health workers is a pressing need of community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Roni

    in developing countries. These regions have the highest maternal mortality and neonatal mortality ratios-mail: tongia@cmu.edu). He is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for Study of Science, Technology, and Policy improvement in health care" [1]. Given the low-literate background of many community health workers (CHWs

  9. Achievement of 35 MV/m in the Superconducting Nine-Cell Cavities for TESLA 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achievement of 35 MV/m in the Superconducting Nine-Cell Cavities for TESLA 1 L. Lilje2 , D. Kostin Electronvolt Superconducting Linear Accelerator TESLA is the only linear electron-positron collider project reliably achieved in the cavities of the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) accelerator. The upgrade of TESLA to 800

  10. Development of a Measurement and Verification (M&V) Costing Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Lewis, T.; Im, P.; Carlson, K. A.; Underwood, D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the development of a M&V Costing Toolkit that has been developed to assist the U.S. Army with the standardization of costing procedures for measuring and verifying energy savings from Energy Service Performance Contracts (ESPC...

  11. Summary of RLA (Recirculating Linear Accelerator) beam transport experiments using a 1. 5 MV injector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haworth, M.D.; Platt, R.C.; Smith, D.L.,; Mazarakis, M.G.; Poukey, J.W.; Leifeste, G.T.; Hasti, D.E.; Bennett, L.F.; Lucero, S.J. (Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (USA); Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA); Diversus, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beam transport experiments on Sandia's Recirculating Linear Accelerator (RLA) using a 1.5-MV injector with and without an additional 1.0 MV of acceleration provided by the ET-2 accelerating cavity were concluded this year. Our experimental results show that an injected beam of only 1.5 MeV requires too large an f-value in the IFR channel to effectively propagate a 10-kA beam. Dramatic improvement in current transport was seen for the higher-{gamma} 2.5 MeV beam. Based on these results plus computer simulation results, the 4.0 MeV IBEX accelerator is now being used as the RLA injector. 10 refs., 7 figs.

  12. New MV cable design for wet environments in underground distribution systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teixeira, M.D.R. Jr. (Ficap Fios e Cabos Plasticos do Brasil SA, Rio De Janeiro (BR))

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the development of new wet design MV power cables, up to 35 kV, using EPDM compound as insulation and longitudinal water tightness. The combination of the cable design and the type of insulation compound allow for reduction of the insulation thickness in such a way, as to have an electrical stress at the conductor of 4 kV/mm which is significantly greater than used in MV distribution cables. Following a methodology established, at the author's company, the reliability of this design, cable and EPDM's formulation, in wet location, without metallic water barriers, was well demonstrated. Mini-installation of model cables in service-like conditions, to estimate the ageing rate, are presented and discussed.

  13. E=1/2Mv2 Pf Pb(Pf>Pb)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Deog Ki

    /2Mv2 , ( 3.1). 3.1 UF6 , Pf Pb(Pf>Pb) . i J2 = V1P1f V2P2f = M2 M1 1/2 x (1-x) . = y/(1-y) x/(1-x) = (M2/M1)1/2 UF6 = (M2/M1)1/2 =(238 UF6/235 UF6)1/2 = (352/349)1/2 = 1.00429 1 . 5% 900

  14. Case Study of Two MBCx Projects: Using M&V to Track Energy Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jump, D.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s claimed savings do not stand up to third party review #0;? Savings lifetimes are short #0;? Negative impact on program realization rates 6 Need for Robust M&V in RCx Projects Needs: • Demonstrate actual, verified energy savings benefits of RCx • Provide a...W and steam meters • Electric and steam trended at 15 minute intervals • Data stored indefinitely #0;? Web-based points mapped from BAS • Chiller kW • BAS points trended at 1 minute intervals • Data stored for 6 months 11 Soda Hall • UC Berkeley’s Computer...

  15. High-Voltage Terminal Test of Test Stand for 1-MV Electrostatic Accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sae-Hoon

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex (KOMAC) has been developing a 300-kV test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator ion source. The ion source and accelerating tube will be installed in a high-pressure vessel. The ion source in the high-pressure vessel is required to have a high reliability. The test stand has been proposed and developed to confirm the stable operating conditions of the ion source. The ion source will be tested at the test stand to verify the long-time operating conditions. The test stand comprises a 300-kV high-voltage terminal, a battery for the ion-source power, a 60-Hz inverter, 200-MHz RF power, a 5-kV extraction power supply, a 300-kV accelerating tube, and a vacuum system. The results of the 300-kV high-voltage terminal tests are presented in this paper.

  16. Experimental Results with the New ITER-like 1 MV SINGAP Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svensson, L.; Esch, H.P.L. de; Hemsworth, R.S.; Massmann, P. [Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA -Cadarache, 13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Boilson, D. [Association EURATOM-DCU, PRL/NCPST, Glasnevin, Dublin 13 (Ireland)

    2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A new 'ITER-like' accelerator, which is a scaled down version of the ITER SINGAP (SINgle GAP, SINGle APerture) accelerator, has been built and installed on the Cadarache 1 MV test bed. The objective is to demonstrate reliable D- beam acceleration as close as possible to 1 MeV with a current density j- {approx_equal} 200 A/m2 with the beam optics required for ITER, i.e. a beamlet divergence of {<=}7 mrad and beamlet steering within {+-}2 mrad of that specified. High voltage hold off tests have been performed and 940 kV has been held without breakdowns. The first beams up to 850 keV (D-, 15 A/m2) have been obtained after 4 weeks of experiments and the highest current density that has been obtained so far is 85 A/m2 (D-, 580 keV)

  17. Beam quality conversion factors for parallel-plate ionization chambers in MV photon beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muir, B. R.; McEwen, M. R.; Rogers, D. W. O. [Carleton Laboratory for Radiotherapy Physics, Physics Department, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6 (Canada); Institute for National Measurement Standards, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); Carleton Laboratory for Radiotherapy Physics, Physics Department, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6 (Canada)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the behavior of plane-parallel ion chambers in high-energy photon beams through measurements and Monte Carlo simulations. Methods: Ten plane-parallel ion chamber types were obtained from the major ion chamber manufacturers. Absorbed dose-to-water calibration coefficients are measured for these chambers and k{sub Q} factors are determined. In the process, the behaviors of the chambers are characterized through measurements of leakage currents, chamber settling in cobalt-60, polarity and ion recombination behavior, and long-term stability. Monte Carlo calculations of the absorbed dose to the air in the ion chamber and absorbed dose to water are obtained to calculate k{sub Q} factors. Systematic uncertainties in Monte Carlo calculated k{sub Q} factors are investigated by varying material properties and chamber dimensions. Results: Chamber behavior was variable in MV photon beams, especially with regard to chamber leakage and ion recombination. The plane-parallel chambers did not perform as well as cylindrical chambers. Significant differences up to 1.5% were observed in calibration coefficients after a period of eight months although k{sub Q} factors were consistent on average within 0.17%. Chamber-to-chamber variations in k{sub Q} factors for chambers of the same type were at the 0.2% level. Systematic uncertainties in Monte Carlo calculated k{sub Q} factors ranged between 0.34% and 0.50% depending on the chamber type. Average percent differences between measured and calculated k{sub Q} factors were - 0.02%, 0.18%, and - 0.16% for 6, 10, and 25 MV beams, respectively. Conclusions: Excellent agreement is observed on average at the 0.2% level between measured and Monte Carlo calculated k{sub Q} factors. Measurements indicate that the behavior of these chambers is not adequate for their use for reference dosimetry of high-energy photon beams without a more extensive QA program than currently used for cylindrical reference-class ion chambers.

  18. Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3 5. Transformations Overview window coordinates Modeling Transformations Projection Transformation Perspective Division Viewport Transformation Object Coordinates x, y, z, w Modelview Matrix Projection Matrix Eye Coordinates Clip Coordinates

  19. Investigation of beam transmission in A 9SDH-2 3.0 MV NEC pelletron tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deoli, Naresh T.; Kummari, Venkata C.; Pacheco, Jose L.; Duggan, Jerome L.; Glass, Gary A.; McDaniel, Floyd D.; Reinert, Tilo; Rout, Bibhudutta; Weathers, Duncan L. [Ion Beam Modification And Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)

    2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrostatic tandem accelerators are widely used to accelerate ions for experiments in materials science such as high energy ion implantation, materials modification, and analyses. Many applications require high beam current as well as high beam brightness at the target; thus, maximizing the beam transmission through such electrostatic accelerators becomes important. The Ion Beam Modification and Analysis Laboratory (IBMAL) at University of North Texas is equipped with four accelerators, one of which is a 9SDH-2 3.0 MV National Electrostatic Corporation (NEC) Pelletron Registered-Sign tandem accelerator. The tandem accelerator is equipped with three ion sources: one radio frequency-He ion source (Alphatross) and two ion sources of Cs-sputter type, the SNICS II (Source of Negative Ions by Cesium Sputtering) and a Cs-sputter source for trace-element accelerator based mass spectrometry. This work presents a detailed study of the beam transmission of hydrogen, silicon, and silver ions through the accelerator using the SNICS ion source with injection energies ranging from 20 keV to 70 keV. The beam transmission is quantified for three different terminal voltages: 1.5 MV, 2.0 MV and 2.5 MV. For a given terminal voltage, it has been found that beam transmission is strongly dependent on the ion source injector potential. Details of experiments and data analysis are presented.

  20. Investigations of shot reproducibility for the SMP diode at 4.5 MV.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, Nichelle [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Crain, Marlon D. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Droemer, Darryl W. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Gignac, Raymond Edward [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Lare, Gregory A. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Molina, Isidro [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Obregon, Rafael [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Smith, Chase C. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Wilkins, Frank Lee [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV; Welch, Dale Robert [Voss Scienti c, LLC, Albuquerque, NM] [Voss Scienti c, LLC, Albuquerque, NM; Cordova, Steve Ray; Gallegos, M.; Johnston, Mark D.; Kiefer, Mark Linden; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Nielsen, Daniel Scott; Oliver, Bryan Velten; Renk, Timothy Jerome; Romero, Tobias; Webb, Timothy Jay; Ziska, Derek Raymond

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In experiments conducted on the RITS-6 accelerator, the SMP diode exhibits sig- ni cant shot-to-shot variability. Speci cally, for identical hardware operated at the same voltage, some shots exhibit a catastrophic drop in diode impedance. A study is underway to identify sources of shot-to-shot variations which correlate with diode impedance collapse. To remove knob emission as a source, only data from a shot series conducted with a 4.5-MV peak voltage are considered. The scope of this report is limited to sources of variability which occur away from the diode, such as power ow emission and trajectory changes, variations in pulsed power, dustbin and transmission line alignment, and di erent knob shapes. We nd no changes in the transmission line hardware, alignment, or hardware preparation methods which correlate with impedance collapse. However, in classifying good versus poor shots, we nd that there is not a continuous spectrum of diode impedance behavior but that the good and poor shots can be grouped into two distinct impedance pro les. This result forms the basis of a follow-on study focusing on the variability resulting from diode physics. 3

  1. Sample M&V Plan from the Texas Workshop: Preparing and Evaluating Measurement and Verification Plans for Energy Performance Contracts in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains a sample M&V plan that has been prepared in accordance with the Texas Guidelines for Measurement and Verification for Energy Performance Contracts. This sample M&V plan was extracted from the March 1999 workshop, entitled...

  2. Performance and Applications of the first HVE 5MV Tandetron{sup TM} at the University of Madrid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mous, D.J.W.; Gottdang, A.; Haitsma, R.G. [High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V., Amersfoort, The Netherlands (Netherlands); Garcia Lopez, G.; Climent-Font, A.; Agullo-Lopez, F.; Boerma, D.O. [Centro de Micro-Analisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2003-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The first HVE Tandetron{sup TM} with a nominal terminal voltage of 5 MV has been put into operation at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain) as part of their new IBA facility. The accelerator features a coaxial structure in which the all-solid-state power supply is constructed around the high-energy acceleration tube, thereby avoiding the T-shaped tank that has characterized the HVE Tandetrons{sup TM} so far. The new IBA facility covers a number of different ion beam analysis techniques including ERD using heavy-element time-of-flight, RBS, as well as an external micro-beam for PIXE. During installation, tests have shown a stable terminal voltage of 5.5 MV. The terminal voltage ripple was deduced to be below 6 x 10-6 (RMS) for terminal voltages above 800 kV. Terminal voltage undershoot was measured to be 1.4 x 10-3 for a {approx}1 kW beam at 3 MV and recovered to 1 x 10-4 within 800 ms. IBA experiments that require low energy hydrogen beams are supported by a stable terminal voltage down to 100 kV.

  3. Design of a 7-MV Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) for down-hole flash x-ray radiography.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cordova, Steve Ray; Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Bryan Velten; Rose, David Vincent (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Johnson, David Lee (L-3 Communications - Pulse Sciences, San Leandro, CA); Bruner, Nichelle Lee (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Leckbee, Joshua J.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pulsed power driven flash x-ray radiography is a valuable diagnostic for subcritical experiments at the Nevada Test Site. The existing dual-axis Cygnus system produces images using a 2.25 MV electron beam diode to produce intense x-rays from a small source. Future hydrodynamic experiments will likely use objects with higher areal mass, requiring increased x-ray dose and higher voltages while maintaining small source spot size. A linear transformer driver (LTD) is a compact pulsed power technology with applications ranging from pulsed power flash x-ray radiography to high current Z-pinch accelerators. This report describes the design of a 7-MV dual-axis system that occupies the same lab space as the Cygnus accelerators. The work builds on a design proposed in a previous report [1]. This new design provides increased diode voltage from a lower impedance accelerator to improve coupling to low impedance diodes such as the self magnetic pinch (SMP) diode. The design also improves the predicted reliability by operating at a lower charge voltage and removing components that have proven vulnerable to failure. Simulations of the new design and experimental results of the 1-MV prototype are presented.

  4. Output correction factors for nine small field detectors in 6 MV radiation therapy photon beams: A PENELOPE Monte Carlo study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benmakhlouf, Hamza, E-mail: hamza.benmakhlouf@karolinska.se [Department of Medical Physics, Karolinska University Hospital, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden, and Department of Physics, Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, SE-171 76 Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Medical Physics, Karolinska University Hospital, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden, and Department of Physics, Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, SE-171 76 Stockholm (Sweden); Sempau, Josep [Institut de Tècniques Energètiques, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, E-08028, Barcelona (Spain)] [Institut de Tècniques Energètiques, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, E-08028, Barcelona (Spain); Andreo, Pedro [Department of Physics, Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, SE-171 76 Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Physics, Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, SE-171 76 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine detector-specific output correction factors,k{sub Q} {sub c{sub l{sub i{sub n}}}} {sub ,Q} {sub m{sub s{sub r}}} {sup f{sub {sup {sub c}{sub l}{sub i}{sub n}{sub {sup ,f{sub {sup {sub m}{sub s}{sub r}{sub ,}}}}}}}} in 6 MV small photon beams for air and liquid ionization chambers, silicon diodes, and diamond detectors from two manufacturers. Methods: Field output factors, defined according to the international formalism published byAlfonso et al. [Med. Phys. 35, 5179–5186 (2008)], relate the dosimetry of small photon beams to that of the machine-specific reference field; they include a correction to measured ratios of detector readings, conventionally used as output factors in broad beams. Output correction factors were calculated with the PENELOPE Monte Carlo (MC) system with a statistical uncertainty (type-A) of 0.15% or lower. The geometries of the detectors were coded using blueprints provided by the manufacturers, and phase-space files for field sizes between 0.5 × 0.5 cm{sup 2} and 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} from a Varian Clinac iX 6 MV linac used as sources. The output correction factors were determined scoring the absorbed dose within a detector and to a small water volume in the absence of the detector, both at a depth of 10 cm, for each small field and for the reference beam of 10 × 10 cm{sup 2}. Results: The Monte Carlo calculated output correction factors for the liquid ionization chamber and the diamond detector were within about ±1% of unity even for the smallest field sizes. Corrections were found to be significant for small air ionization chambers due to their cavity dimensions, as expected. The correction factors for silicon diodes varied with the detector type (shielded or unshielded), confirming the findings by other authors; different corrections for the detectors from the two manufacturers were obtained. The differences in the calculated factors for the various detectors were analyzed thoroughly and whenever possible the results were compared to published data, often calculated for different accelerators and using the EGSnrc MC system. The differences were used to estimate a type-B uncertainty for the correction factors. Together with the type-A uncertainty from the Monte Carlo calculations, an estimation of the combined standard uncertainty was made, assigned to the mean correction factors from various estimates. Conclusions: The present work provides a consistent and specific set of data for the output correction factors of a broad set of detectors in a Varian Clinac iX 6 MV accelerator and contributes to improving the understanding of the physics of small photon beams. The correction factors cannot in general be neglected for any detector and, as expected, their magnitude increases with decreasing field size. Due to the reduced number of clinical accelerator types currently available, it is suggested that detector output correction factors be given specifically for linac models and field sizes, rather than for a beam quality specifier that necessarily varies with the accelerator type and field size due to the different electron spot dimensions and photon collimation systems used by each accelerator model.

  5. Comparison of Pencil beam, Collapsed cone and Monte-Carlo algorithm in radiotherapy treatment planning for 6 MV photon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sung Jin; Kim, Sung Kyu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Treatment planning system calculations in inhomogeneous regions may present significant inaccuracies due to loss of electronic equilibrium. In this study, three different dose calculation algorithms, pencil beam, collapsed cone, and Monte-Carlo, provided by our planning system were compared to assess their impact on the three-dimensional planning of lung and breast cases. A total of five breast and five lung cases were calculated using the PB, CC, and MC algorithms. Planning treatment volume and organs at risk delineation was performed according to our institutions protocols on the Oncentra MasterPlan image registration module, on 0.3 to 0.5 cm computed tomography slices taken under normal respiration conditions. Four intensity-modulated radiation therapy plans were calculated according to each algorithm for each patient. The plans were conducted on the Oncentra MasterPlan and CMS Monaco treatment planning systems, for 6 MV. The plans were compared in terms of the dose distribution in target, OAR volumes, and...

  6. SU-E-J-176: Results of Images Acquired with Backscattered MV Radiation Using a Pinhole Collimator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard, D; Turian, J; Wu, Z; Darwish, N; Chu, J; Bernard, D [Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To ascertain the feasibility of acquiring real time images of small lung tumors from scattered photons while undergoing radiation treatment.There are several methodologies currently used to track tumor location such as MV-cine acquisition and kV fluoroscopy. However, MVcine offers no information parallel to the beam axis while kV fluoroscopy offers little potential for soft tissue discernability while also increasing the patient dose. This study investigates the feasibility of observing an actual simulated tumor while exploring techniques that may improve image quality. Methods: A prototype imager consisting of a gamma camera pinhole collimator and a computed radiography (CR) plate were used in conjunction with a Varian TrueBeam linac. One study consisted of a 2.5 cm diameter solid water cylinder representing a solid tumor imbedded within a lung equivalent material slab. The cylinder with the lung slab was sandwiched between 1 cm lung equivalent slabs and these were sandwiched between 2 slabs of solid water. The top water slab was 1 cm thick. The other imaging study consisted of three different density plugs, 0.46, 1.09, and 1.82 g/cm3 placed on the accelerator couch. The gantry was orientated 70° relative to the CR plate. The slabs and plugs were irradiated with 2000 MU and 500 MU respectively using the 6FFF mode. Results: The solid water plug was visually discernible in the slab phantom. The ratio of the signal coming from the higher density plugs (placed on the treatment couch) to that between the plugs increased from 1.02 to about 3.0 after subtracting the background image acquired with no plugs present. Conclusion: Preliminary results indicate that a lung tumor could be visualized with scattered radiation during treatment. Improvements in discerning an object can be enhanced by filtering out the head leakage and background scattered radiation not emanating from the imaged object.

  7. Fundamental science investigations to develop a 6-MV laser triggered gas switch for ZR: first annual report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warne, Larry Kevin; Van Den Avyle, James A.; Lehr, Jane Marie; Rose, David (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Krompholz, Hermann G. (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX); Vela, Russell (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX); Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Timoshkin, Igor (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Woodworth, Joseph Ray; Prestwich, Kenneth Randel (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Krile, John (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX); Given, Martin (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); McKee, G. Randall; Rosenthal, Stephen Edgar; Struve, Kenneth William; Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Benwell, Andrew L. (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); Kovaleski, Scott (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); LeChien, Keith, R.; Johnson, David (Titan Pulse Sciences Division); Fouracre, R.A. (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Yeckel, Chris (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); Wakeland, Peter Eric (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Miller, A. R. (Titan Pulse Sciences Division); Hodge, Keith Conquest (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Pasik, Michael Francis; Savage, Mark Edward; Maenchen, John Eric; Curry, Randy D. (University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri); Feltz, Greg (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Bliss, David Emery; MacGregor, Scott (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland); Corley, J. P. (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Anaya, Victor (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Wallace, Zachariah (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Thoma, Carsten (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Neuber, Andreas. (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX)

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In October 2005, an intensive three-year Laser Triggered Gas Switch (LTGS) development program was initiated to investigate and solve observed performance and reliability issues with the LTGS for ZR. The approach taken has been one of mission-focused research: to revisit and reassess the design, to establish a fundamental understanding of LTGS operation and failure modes, and to test evolving operational hypotheses. This effort is aimed toward deploying an initial switch for ZR in 2007, on supporting rolling upgrades to ZR as the technology can be developed, and to prepare with scientific understanding for the even higher voltage switches anticipated needed for future high-yield accelerators. The ZR LTGS was identified as a potential area of concern quite early, but since initial assessments performed on a simplified Switch Test Bed (STB) at 5 MV showed 300-shot lifetimes on multiple switch builds, this component was judged acceptable. When the Z{sub 20} engineering module was brought online in October 2003 frequent flashovers of the plastic switch envelope were observed at the increased stresses required to compensate for the programmatically increased ZR load inductance. As of October 2006, there have been 1423 Z{sub 20} shots assessing a variety of LTGS designs. Numerous incremental and fundamental switch design modifications have been investigated. As we continue to investigate the LTGS, the basic science of plastic surface tracking, laser triggering, cascade breakdown, and optics degradation remain high-priority mission-focused research topics. Significant progress has been made and, while the switch does not yet achieve design requirements, we are on the path to develop successively better switches for rolling upgrade improvements to ZR. This report summarizes the work performed in FY 2006 by the large team. A high-level summary is followed by detailed individual topical reports.

  8. 820 mV open-circuit voltages from Cu2O/CH3CN junctions Chengxiang Xiang, Gregory M. Kimball, Ronald L. Grimm, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Harry A. Atwater*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Gregory

    couple, cuprous oxide yielded open- circuit voltage, Voc, values of 820 mV and short-circuit current-conversion efficiency of 1.5% was limited by solution absorption and optical reflection losses that reduced the short-circuit820 mV open-circuit voltages from Cu2O/CH3CN junctions Chengxiang Xiang, Gregory M. Kimball, Ronald

  9. TABLE 3.-Comparison of this work with literature values for the concentration of PCB's and DDT residues in surface films and subsurface waters. All values in nanograms per liter, and are the sum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    residues in surface films and subsurface waters. All values in nanograms per liter, and are the sum of filtrate and filter from Table 2 where applicable. PCB's DDT residues Subsurface Subsurface Reference Location Surface films waters Surface films waters Seba and Corcoran Biscayne Bay NO' NO 185-13,710

  10. The effect of a paraffin screen on the neutron dose at the maze door of a 15 MV linear accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krmar, M.; Kuzmanovi?, A. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000 (Serbia)] [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000 (Serbia); Nikoli?, D. [National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada)] [National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada); Kuzmanovi?, Z. [International Medical Centers, Banja Luka 78000, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina)] [International Medical Centers, Banja Luka 78000, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Ganezer, K. [Physics Department, California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson, California 90747 (United States)] [Physics Department, California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson, California 90747 (United States)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a paraffin screen located at various positions in the maze on the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door.Methods: The neutron dose equivalent was measured at the maze door of a room containing a 15 MV linear accelerator for x-ray therapy. Measurements were performed for several positions of the paraffin screen covering only 27.5% of the cross-sectional area of the maze. The neutron dose equivalent was also measured at all screen positions. Two simple models of the neutron source were considered in which the first assumed that the source was the cross-sectional area at the inner entrance of the maze, radiating neutrons in an isotropic manner. In the second model the reduction in the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door due to the paraffin screen was considered to be a function of the mean values of the neutron fluence and energy at the screen.Results: The results of this study indicate that the equivalent dose at the maze door was reduced by a factor of 3 through the use of a paraffin screen that was placed inside the maze. It was also determined that the contributions to the dosage from areas that were not covered by the paraffin screen as viewed from the dosimeter, were 2.5 times higher than the contributions from the covered areas. This study also concluded that the contributions of the maze walls, ceiling, and floor to the total neutron dose equivalent were an order of magnitude lower than those from the surface at the far end of the maze.Conclusions: This study demonstrated that a paraffin screen could be used to reduce the neutron dose equivalent at the maze door by a factor of 3. This paper also found that the reduction of the neutron dose equivalent was a linear function of the area covered by the maze screen and that the decrease in the dose at the maze door could be modeled as an exponential function of the product ?·E at the screen.

  11. A comparison of small-field tissue phantom ratio data generation methods for an Elekta Agility 6 MV photon beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richmond, Neil, E-mail: neil.richmond@stees.nhs.uk; Brackenridge, Robert

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tissue-phantom ratios (TPRs) are a common dosimetric quantity used to describe the change in dose with depth in tissue. These can be challenging and time consuming to measure. The conversion of percentage depth dose (PDD) data using standard formulae is widely employed as an alternative method in generating TPR. However, the applicability of these formulae for small fields has been questioned in the literature. Functional representation has also been proposed for small-field TPR production. This article compares measured TPR data for small 6 MV photon fields against that generated by conversion of PDD using standard formulae to assess the efficacy of the conversion data. By functionally fitting the measured TPR data for square fields greater than 4 cm in length, the TPR curves for smaller fields are generated and compared with measurements. TPRs and PDDs were measured in a water tank for a range of square field sizes. The PDDs were converted to TPRs using standard formulae. TPRs for fields of 4 × 4 cm{sup 2} and larger were used to create functional fits. The parameterization coefficients were used to construct extrapolated TPR curves for 1 × 1 cm{sup 2}, 2 × 2-cm{sup 2}, and 3 × 3-cm{sup 2} fields. The TPR data generated using standard formulae were in excellent agreement with direct TPR measurements. The TPR data for 1 × 1-cm{sup 2}, 2 × 2-cm{sup 2}, and 3 × 3-cm{sup 2} fields created by extrapolation of the larger field functional fits gave inaccurate initial results. The corresponding mean differences for the 3 fields were 4.0%, 2.0%, and 0.9%. Generation of TPR data using a standard PDD-conversion methodology has been shown to give good agreement with our directly measured data for small fields. However, extrapolation of TPR data using the functional fit to fields of 4 × 4 cm{sup 2} or larger resulted in generation of TPR curves that did not compare well with the measured data.

  12. SU-E-T-175: Evaluation of the Relative Output Ratio for Collimator Jaw and MLC Defined Small Static 6MV Photon Fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, G [Chris O'Brien Lifehouse at RPAH, Camperdown, NSW 2050 (Australia); Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Thwaites, D [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate relative output ratio of collimator jaw and MLC defined small photon fields. Methods: Relative output ratios were measured using Gafchromic EBT3 film for a 6 MV photon beam on a Novalis Tx with HD120 MLC. Beam collimation was achieved by the jaws for 1.0 cm and 3.0 cm and MLC defined square field sizes between 0.5 cm and 1.0 cm with varying jaw settings between 2.0 and 4.0 cm. Film pieces were exposed to 4 Gy. Experiments were repeated with each session consisting of five consecutive exposures for the given MLC and/or jaw collimation and with the MLC and the jaws reset for each exposure. Films were scanned using EPSON 10000XL flatbed scanner approximately 24 hours after exposure in 48 bit RGB format at 150 dpi. Film calibration data were corrected for daily linac output variations. Doses were evaluated using the green channel with square ROI sizes of 0.1 – 0.6 cm. Converted doses were normalised for output ratio calculation using the 3.0 cm field as a machine specific reference field size. Mean output ratio and coefficient of variation (CV) were calculated for each experimental session. Results: For the Novalis 6 MV photon beam the output ratios between 0.719 and 0.872 have been measured for the jaw/MLC combinations tested. For a jaw setting of 4.0 cm field, the mean CV of the output ratios increased from 0.77% to 1.48% with decreasing MLC field size from 1.0 cm to 0.5 cm. For a nominal MLC 1.0 cm field, the CV increased to 1.00% from 0.77% with reducing jaw field size from 4.0 cm to 2.0 cm. Conclusion: The relative output ratio and the associated CV were dependent on the collimator jaw and MLC settings. The field size dependent CV showed similar trends to those reported in the literature.

  13. 1/21/2014 A Queen Bee's Secret, Pinpointed -NYTimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/21/science/a-queen-bees-secret-pinpointed.html?src=mv 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenseleers, Tom

    1/21/2014 A Queen Bee's Secret, Pinpointed - NYTimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/21/science/a-queen-bees-secret-pinpointed.html?src=mv 1/2 http://nyti.ms/Lvzyer SCIENCE A Queen Bee's Secret, Pinpointed JAN. 20, 2014 Observatory species overproduced certain chemicals, the researchers then #12;1/21/2014 A Queen Bee's Secret

  14. Monte Carlo characterization of skin doses in 6 MV transverse field MRI-linac systems: Effect of field size, surface orientation, magnetic field strength, and exit bolus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oborn, B. M.; Metcalfe, P. E.; Butson, M. J.; Rosenfeld, A. B. [Illawarra Cancer Care Centre (ICCC), Wollongong, New South Wales 2500 (Australia) and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500 (Australia); Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500 (Australia); Illawarra Cancer Care Centre (ICCC), Wollongong, New South Wales 2500 (Australia); Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500 (Australia)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The main focus of this work is to continue investigations into the Monte Carlo predicted skin doses seen in MRI-guided radiotherapy. In particular, the authors aim to characterize the 70 {mu}m skin doses over a larger range of magnetic field strength and x-ray field size than in the current literature. The effect of surface orientation on both the entry and exit sides is also studied. Finally, the use of exit bolus is also investigated for minimizing the negative effects of the electron return effect (ERE) on the exit skin dose. Methods: High resolution GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations of a water phantom exposed to a 6 MV x-ray beam (Varian 2100C) have been performed. Transverse magnetic fields of strengths between 0 and 3 T have been applied to a 30x30x20 cm{sup 3} phantom. This phantom is also altered to have variable entry and exit surfaces with respect to the beam central axis and they range from -75 deg. to +75 deg. The exit bolus simulated is a 1 cm thick (water equivalent) slab located on the beam exit side. Results: On the entry side, significant skin doses at the beam central axis are reported for large positive surface angles and strong magnetic fields. However, over the entry surface angle range of -30 deg. to -60 deg., the entry skin dose is comparable to or less than the zero magnetic field skin dose, regardless of magnetic field strength and field size. On the exit side, moderate to high central axis skin dose increases are expected except at large positive surface angles. For exit bolus of 1 cm thickness, the central axis exit skin dose becomes an almost consistent value regardless of magnetic field strength or exit surface angle. This is due to the almost complete absorption of the ERE electrons by the bolus. Conclusions: There is an ideal entry angle range of -30 deg. to -60 deg. where entry skin dose is comparable to or less than the zero magnetic field skin dose. Other than this, the entry skin dose increases are significant, especially at higher magnetic fields. On the exit side there is mostly moderate to high skin dose increases for 0.2-3 T with the only exception being large positive angles. Exit bolus of 1 cm thickness will have a significant impact on lowering such exit skin dose increases that occur as a result of the ERE.

  15. How to talk to your computer, literally

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, W.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Voice I/O is a rapidly growing technology. The techniques are still in the formative stage and thus are still somewhat primitive. However, useful tasks can be accomplished within the limitations of today's hardware. No reference to specific hardware will be given, but guidelines for selecting and using hardware will be provided. The guidelines include vocabulary size, method of training, upload/download capabilities, user control of recognition parameters, package form-factor, and information returned to the user. Hints will be given for working with hardware limitations. Some current and proposed uses for voice I/O at Los Alamos National Laboratory will be described. These applications include personnel identity verification, instrument control, data entry, alarm annunciation, and issuing operating system and editor commands.

  16. Obliquity factors for {sup 60}Co and 4, 10, and 18 MV x rays for concrete, steel, and lead and angles of incidence between 0{degrees} and 70{degrees}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, P.J. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The attenuation of {sup 60}Co gamma rays and photons of 4, 10, and 18 MV x-ray beams by concrete, steel, and lead has been studied using the Monte Carlo technique for angles of incidence 0{degrees}, 30{degrees}, 45{degrees}, 60{degrees}, and 70{degrees}. Transmission factors have been determined down to < 2 x 10{sup {minus}5} in all cases. The results show that deviation from the obliquity factor increases with angle but is not significant for angles {le} 45{degrees}. AT 70{degrees} angle of incidence and a transmission factor of 10{sup {minus}5}, the obliquity factor varies between 1.2 and 1.9 for concrete, between 1.4 and 1.7 for steel, and between 1.4 and 1.5 for lead for the range of energies investigated. This amounts to an additional 86 and 50 cm of concrete, 25 and 23 cm of steel, and 8 and 14 cm of lead for {sup 60}Co and 18 MV x rays, respectively. The results for {sup 60}Co is concrete and lead are in good agreement with previously published experimental work. Fits to the data using mathematical models allow reconstruction of all data curves to better than 1% on average and 7% in the worst single case. 9 refs., 14 figs., 6 tabs.

  17. Measurement and Verification (M&V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-KT-14-11-39 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Agenda 1. Introduction and Agenda 2. Definitions: Types of Commissioning 3. Introduction to Continuous Commissioning® 4. Tools and Measurements Coffee Break...

  18. LS-81 MCT/MV1125

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    random noise generator and a transfer function is calculated via a HP model 5451C Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analyzer. The 5451C-FFT operating program used to calculate four...

  19. CHIP House Takes Design to Different Heights (Literally)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Check out the SCI-Arc/Caltech 2011 Solar Decathlon team's house to find out more about their net-zero energy use home -- the CHIP House.

  20. WIPP Safety Is Paramount Top to Bottom, Literally | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    instance, crews were able to accomplish the work during WIPP's planned maintenance evolution while waste disposal activities were temporarily suspended. The maintenance...

  1. T-686: IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal Java Double Literal Denial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    August 8, 2011 - 3:00pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment allows unauthenticated network attacks ( i.e. it may be exploited over a...

  2. The investigation of atmospheric humidity control by hot gas reheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitlock, Paul Leroy

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Number 1, 2, and 3 24 10 Psychrometric Chart with the Processes of Runs Number 1, 2, and 3 Superimposed Upon One Another 25 Nossle Performance Curvos 31 vi LIST OF SM30LS ~Sbol OF ~tit Cubic feet per minute Constant pressure specific heat... tempera- ture L2/T2 in. Hg in, H2O MV PD psig sp gr tdb Inches of mercury Inches of water Pounds mass Pounds mass dry air Pounds mass water vapor Millivolt s Pressure diff'erential (in. Hg) Gage pressure Heat added or re...

  3. Electric Utility Industrial DSM and M&V Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, K. P. K.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for residential, commercial and industrial customers. The Power Smart Partners Program (PSP) is the premier demand-side management program for BC Hydro’s large commercial and industrial non-transmission class customers. It is a direct energy acquisition program...

  4. CRUISE FROM ATHENS TO ISTANBUL aboard the MV AEGEAN ODYSSEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Set foot in places such as Ephesus, Troy and Pergamon, the greatest cities; and Ephesus, the Blue Mosque, the Archaeological Site of Troy, and the Church of the Holy Savior of Chora

  5. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects Introduction to Measurement and Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects DRAFT...

  6. NOAA / AOML Thermosalinograph (TSG) M/V Explorer Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .....................................................6 Cleaning the Strainer .......................................8 Computer / Data Acquistion excess build up of biofoulant in the strainer. To turn on the TSG: 1. Open the stainless steel ball valve should include: 1. Checking for leaks at each of the valves and at the strainer and pump. If leaks

  7. Simplified VO M&V Protocol Simplified Voltage Optimization (VO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of all distribution lines that are controlled by a tap changing source voltage regulator. Several voltage-control primary system with source voltage regulation. Minimum system stability thresholds, system data modeling is mentioned, it refers to using industry accepted distribution system power flow simulation tools

  8. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    responsibility for achieving savings related to equipment performance. Operations, preventive maintenance, and repair and replacement practices can have a dramatic effect on...

  9. Electric Utility Industrial DSM and M&V Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, K. P. K.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for residential, commercial and industrial customers. The Power Smart Partners Program (PSP) is the premier demand-side management program for BC Hydro’s large commercial and industrial non-transmission class customers. It is a direct energy acquisition program...

  10. Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments fromof Energy Automation World Features New White Paper

  11. `A Literal Necessity to be Re-Placed': A Rejoinder to the Gentrification Debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    homeless encampment for many people displaced by the 2005 tragedy, and many Plaza residents came over, but on how people fight for their right to place in the gentrifying city. [T]o deprive people. It would be like taking away any other source of basic need-satisfaction, on which people depend absolutely

  12. Webcast of the Energy Literate Citizenry from K-to-Gray: A Webcast...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more. In addition, the Energy Explained site for students uses plain language and clear graphics to provide a nonpartisan guide to the entire range of energy topics. State Energy...

  13. Text-Alternative Webcast of the Energy Literate Citizenry from K-to-Gray

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Michelle Fox: Hi, good afternoon everyone and welcome to today's webinar on energy literacy. Thank you for joining. I want to thank also the Department of Education for their Green Strides Webinar...

  14. First results from a 20-liter prototype dark matter detector with directional sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Jeremy Paul

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Astronomical and cosmological evidence suggests that 27% of the energy content of the universe is in the form of non-baryonic matter referred to as "dark matter." Weakly interacting massive particles have long been considered ...

  15. Webcast of the Energy Literate Citizenry from K-to-Gray

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Literacy Framework webinar was held on February 6, 2013 at 4 pm EST. It focused on outlining the Energy Literacy Framework, which identifies concepts every citizen should know to be...

  16. T-581: Novell Access Manager Java Double Literal Denial of Service...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Vulnerability Report: Novell Access Manager 3.x Oracle FPUpdater Tool IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The Double.parseDouble method in Java Runtime Environment in Oracle...

  17. Fostering a Spatially Literate Generation: Explicit Instruction in Spatial Thinking for Preservice Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Injeong

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    geography; 2) the skills development required to teach spatial thinking should be approached as the development of pedagogical content knowledge; 3) dispositions toward teaching spatial thinking should be differentiated from dispositions toward teaching...

  18. T-686: IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal Java Double Literal Denial of Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -BlueprintThisVulnerabilitiesVulnerability | Department of

  19. Development of Urea Dosing System for 10 Liter Heavy Duty Diesel Engine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * S HBatteries with WideNOxSi-based|

  20. The determination of sulfur-containing surfactants with a high pressure liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobill, Jonathan Edward

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the blank millivolt intensities 78 17 Average millivolt intensities for the nickel standard solution 79 Table Page 18 Standard deviations of the nickel standard millivolt intensities 80 19 Slopes of the calibration lines calculated from the blank... widely used sulfur-containing surfactants. The alkylbenzenesulfonates 1 strongly absorb in the UV region and, therefore are easily monitored by UV detectors. Other surfactants, such as alkyl sulfates 2 [13-17], alpha olefin sulfonates 3 [16...

  1. A batteryless thermoelectric energy-harvesting interface circuit with 35mV startup voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramadass, Yogesh Kumar

    A batteryless thermoelectric energy-harvesting interface circuit to extract electrical energy from human body heat is implemented in a 0.35 ?m [mu m] CMOS process. A mechanically assisted startup circuit enables operation ...

  2. M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    planning and savings calculation methods for an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). mvplanoutline.doc More Documents & Publications Post-Installation Report Outline...

  3. 6 MV photon beam modeling for Varian Clinac iX using GEANT4 virtual jaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Byung Yong; Kim, Dong Ho; Baek, Jong Geun; Moon, Su Ho; Rho, Gwang Won; Kang, Jeong Ku; Kim, Sung Kyu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most virtual source models (VSM) use beam modeling, with the exception of the patient-dependent secondary collimator (jaw). Unlike other components of the treatment head, the jaw absorbs many photons generated by the bremsstrahlung, which decreases the efficiency of the simulation. In the present study, a new method of beam modeling using a virtual jaw was applied to improve the calculation efficiency of VSM. The results for the percentage depth dose and profile of the virtual jaw VSM calculated in a homogeneous water phantom agreed with the measurement results for the CC13 cylinder type ion chamber within an error rate of 2%, and the 80 to 20% penumbra width agreed with the measurement results within an error of 0.6 mm. Compared with the existing VSM, in which a great number of photons are absorbed, the calculation efficiency of the VSM using the virtual jaw was expected to increase by approximately 67%.

  4. Application of Risk Analysis to Evaluating M&V Requirement for Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, G.; Gregoire, C.; Gogte, S.; Gowans, D.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    %. The lessons from this experiment may be used to conduct large-scale risk analysis to optimize evaluation cost allocations for more complex energy efficiency program portfolio....

  5. Powerline Communication System for Monitoring and Supervision of Feeder Equipments for MV Substation Automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    into the substations by the utilities to integrate data from relays and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and capitalize on the protection, control, metering, fault recording, communication functions available been designed and retrofitted into the substations by the utilities to integrate data from relays

  6. State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Technical Assistance Program (TAP) supports the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG) and the State Energy Program (SEP) by providing state, local, and tribal officials the tools and resources needed to implement successful and sustainable clean energy programs.

  7. Compiler correctness and the translation of logics Theo M.V. Janssen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    be proven by finite algebraic means. PrL Compile - AssL Sem(PrL) IntP L ? Decode CompMod IntAL ? PrL of the rightmost diagram. PrL: Programming Language IntP L Interpretation of PrL AssL: Assembly Language IntAL Interpretation of AssL Sem(PrL): meanings of the PrL CompMod: abstract model of computer Several variants

  8. KG>:b0cMV2> Ris-R-660(EN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .6 Diffusive Description of Lattice Gas Models 16 1.7 Analysis of Neutron and X-ray Reflectivity Data is in the field of condensed matter physics. The principal activities of the department in the period from 1 Carlo simulations, and methods for data analysis · Magnetic structures, magnetic phase transitions

  9. Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. DepartmentEnergy This partAs theFebruary09 FY1,The1, 2015

  10. [1] Gregory D. Abowd, "Programming Environments ... Literally: Ubicomp's Grand Challenge for Software Engineering," ACM SIGSOFT, ACM Press, 2002;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilevich, Eli

    (1):39{59}, February 1984. [11] Andrew Black, Norman Hutchinson, Eric Jul, Henry Levy, and Larry Carter, "Distribution] Andrew D. Birrell and Bruce Jay Nelson, "Implementing Remote Procedure Calls," ACM Trans. CS, 2

  11. Long-Term Performance of Liter-Scale Microbial Fuel Cells Treating Primary Effluent Installed in a Municipal Wastewater Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , United States Veolia Water North America, Indianapolis, Indiana 46204, United States *S Supporting production and consumption indicated that the two MFCs could theoretically achieve a positive energy balance fluctuation, such as emptying the anode for 1-3 days or different HRTs. The preliminary analysis of energy

  12. Abbreviation List/Glossary Acid flask A three liter round bottom flask used to hold the approximately 0.6%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a single Niskin bottle at sea, two Pyrex glass bottles are filled in sequence. These two bottles then easily compress to compensate for the volume of the added acid. See Figure 3. Bottle pair When sampling are referred to as a bottle pair. Bottle pair delta The difference in analyzed quantity between the first

  13. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY Green Bank, West Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    square law for low voltage and current. At high current the resistance of the diode and the load re function. The curve for Rx 1. 5 K ohm follows the square law curve for outputs from 10 millivolts to 150 millivolts. The Rx = 1. 5 K ohm curve starts near the one-diode curve and ap- proaches the two-diode curve

  14. Organometallics 1989,8, 1929-1941 Reactivity of Alkynes toward M-v2-CS2 Metal Complexes. 3.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    Mealli,"" Ren6 Mer~ier,~and Ldc Toupet5 UA CNRS 322 Universit6 de Bretagne Occidentale, 29287 Brest Cedex

  15. 43 "{"`"MV"|WEu~_W (2006-5) FT-ICR ,,,`J^<`NX^[,'Y...`f,Sw"z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    and ethylene. Another reaction is dehydration between two molecules of ethanol. Dehydrogenation from ethylene of transition metal cluster ions (Co) with ethylene and ethanol was investigated by using the FT-ICR mass is strongly occurred and two or three molecules of ethylene can't adsorb without dehydration. This experiment

  16. Development of a Monitoring and Verification (M&V) Plan and Baseline for the Fort Hood ESPC Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Lynn, B.; Underwood, D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fort Hood has selected an Energy Services Performance Contract (ESPC) contractor to help achieve its energy reduction goals as mandated by Executive Order. This ESPC is expected to be a $3.8 million, 20 year contract, which includes five primary...

  17. Systems integration and upgrade of an Engineering Flight Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcorn, William Pleasant

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Training System Head-down-display Head-up-display Hertz (cycles per second) Level of detail Input / output Light emitting diode Multi Channel Option Millivolt SEI Serial Encoder Interface VME VERSA Module device TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT...

  18. In Search of an Audience: Popular Pharmacies and the Limits of Literate Medicine in Late Seventeenth- and Early Eighteenth-Century Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Clare

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    new institutions. Military medicine was provided by the army and navy’s own medical services (from 1716 and 1720, respectively), court medicine was provided first by the Medical Chancellery (from 1714) and later the Medical College (from 1725...

  19. To make 4 N HCl in 1 liter bottle from concentrated 1xQD Stock ml final solution 1000 1000 1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    of Ethanol 94.5 37.8 56.7 18.9 ml Milli-Q 181.1 72.5 108.7 36.2 To use this recipe calculator, fill final 0.15 0.15 0.15 To make 30% ethanol in 0.5M HCl for 3rd column* Normality Conc. Stock 4 4 4 4

  20. Improved Limits on Spin-Dependent WIMP-Proton Interactions from a Two Liter CF{sub 3}I Bubble Chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnke, E.; Behnke, J.; Hinnefeld, J. H.; Levine, I.; Shepherd, T. [Indiana University South Bend, South Bend, Indiana (United States); Brice, S. J.; Broemmelsiek, D.; Cooper, P. S.; Crisler, M.; Hall, J.; Hu, M.; Ramberg, E.; Sonnenschein, A. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois (United States); Collar, J. I.; Dahl, C. E.; Fustin, D.; Szydagis, M. [Enrico Fermi Institute, KICP and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from the operation of a bubble chamber filled with 3.5 kg of CF{sub 3}I in a shallow underground site are reported. An analysis of ultrasound signals accompanying bubble nucleations confirms that alpha decays generate a significantly louder acoustic emission than single nuclear recoils, leading to an efficient background discrimination. Three dark matter candidate events were observed during an effective exposure of 28.1 kg day, consistent with a neutron background. This observation provides strong direct detection constraints on weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-proton spin-dependent scattering for WIMP masses >20 GeV/c{sup 2}.

  1. Final evaluation report for Westinghouse Hanford Company, WRAP-1,208 liter waste drum, docket 94-35-7A, type A packaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the U.S. Department of Transportation Specification 7A Type A (DOT-7A) compliance test results of the Westinghouse Hanford Company, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, Module 1 (WRAP-1) Drum. The WRAP-1 Drum was tested for DOE-HQ in August 1994, by Los Alamos National Laboratory, under docket number 94-35-7A. Additionally, comparison and evaluation of the approved, as-tested packaging configuration was performed by WHC in September 1995. The WRAP-1 Drum was evaluated against the performance of the DOT-17C, 208 1 (55-gal) steel drums tested and evaluated under dockets 89-13-7A/90-18-7A and 94-37-7A.

  2. A review of "Literate Experience: The Work of Knowing in Seventeenth-Century English Writing." by Andrew Barnaby and Lisa J. Schnell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh Wilson

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    readings of selected works by Bacon, Shakespeare, Lanyer, Marvell, and Behn. Each author is portrayed as progres- sively more estranged from the Elizabethan world picture than the next. New perspectives on established figures sometimes gen- erate new... as an active member of Par- liament after the Restoration. Barnaby and Schnell save their best for last. Although they only touch on Aphra Behn?s most absorbing work, Oroonoko, this last chapter is genuinely interesting: I felt my pulse race because I knew I...

  3. Calculations of atomic sputtering and displacement cross-sections in solid elements by electrons with energies from threshold to 1. 5 MV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, C.R.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinetics of knock-on collisions of relativistic electrons with nuclei and details of the numerical evaluation of differential, recoil, and total Mott cross-sections are reviewed and discussed. The effects of electron beam induced displacement and sputtering, in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) environment, on microanalysis are analyzed with particular emphasis placed on the removal of material by knock-on sputtering. The mass loss predicted due to transmission knock-on sputtering is significant for many elements under conditions frequently encountered in microanalysis. Total Mott cross-sections are tabulated for all naturally occurring solid elements up to Z = 92 at displacement energies of one, two, four, and five times the sublimation energy and for accelerating voltages accessible in the transmission electron microscope. Fortran source code listings for the calculation of the differential Mott cross-section as a function of electron scattering angle (dMottCS), as a function of nuclear recoil angle (RECOIL), and the total Mott cross-section (TOTCS) are included. 48 refs., 21 figs., 12 tabs.

  4. Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

  5. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C5, suppl6ment au n0ll, Tome 48, novembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C5, suppl6ment au n0ll, Tome 48, novembre 1987 VERY LARGE PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECTS IN MODULATION-DOPED HETEROSTRUCTURES M.-H. MEYNADIER, N. TABATABAIE, R.E. NAHORY and J.P. HARBISON as high as several hundred millivolts between contacts centimeters away from the exciting spot. The effect

  6. Electric Organs and Their Control Angel Ariel Caputi, Bruce A. Carlson, and Omar Macadar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    410 14 Electric Organs and Their Control Angel Ariel Caputi, Bruce A. Carlson, and Omar Macadar 1 Organs and Their Control 411 microvolts to millivolt range near the mouth, and ventilatory movements to locate females buried under the sand during the breeding season (Tricas et al. 1995). It is likely

  7. Mv. Space Res. Vol. 13, Mo. 9, ~. (9)331--(9)339, 1993 0273--1177/93$24.00 Punted in (Ireat Britain. All ri&its reserved. 1993COSPAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reames, Donald V.

    . All ri&its reserved. 1993COSPAR NON-THERMAL PARTICLES IN THE INTERPLANETARY MEDIUM Donald V. Reames ubiquitous presence of highly non- thermal particles in collisionless plasmas throughout the heliosphere and bow shocks, in traveling interplanetary shocks, in the interaction region between fast and slow solar

  8. The daily cycle of fluorescence in vivo in the Central Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Setser, Patrick James

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while diatoms (3, 080 cells liter ), coccolithophores (4, 800 cells liter ) and dinoflagellates (3, 110 cells liter ) were present in approximately equivalent densities. By comparison, an earlier study of Hasle (1959) in the Equatorial Pacific...

  9. The daily cycle of fluorescence in vivo in the Central Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Setser, Patrick James

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while diatoms (3, 080 cells liter ), coccolithophores (4, 800 cells liter ) and dinoflagellates (3, 110 cells liter ) were present in approximately equivalent densities. By comparison, an earlier study of Hasle (1959) in the Equatorial Pacific...

  10. GEOCHEMISTRY AND ISOTOPE HYDROLOGY OF GROUNDWATERS IN THE STRIPA GRANITE RESULTS AND PRELIMINARY INTERPRETATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0.25- to D.5-liter plastic bottles, which were thoroughlycollected in two I-liter plastic bottles. The new bottles~ twenty I-liter plastic bottles were rinsed and filled with

  11. Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Fourth Science Symposium Efficacy of Commercial Algaecides to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    conducted by our research team. At each stream, each of twelve 20 liter buckets was filled with 15 liters a polycarbonate membrane filter with 3 m p

  12. Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

  13. Math 204, Exam 1 February 17, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    . Brine containing 1 gram of salt per liter is then pumped into the tank at a rate of 4 liters per minute

  14. Math 204, Exam 1 September 30, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    is dissolved. Brine containing 1 gram of salt per liter is then pumped into the tank at a rate of 4 liters per

  15. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TO SET AUX ELECTRODE RELAY MV END TEST CELL PARAMETERS DRIVEFOR TEST CELL DAC START MV AUX ELECTRODE RELAY 'ON' PLATE

  16. Measurement and Verification Options for Federal Energy- and Water-Saving Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) measurement and verification (M&V) guidelines and International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol M&V methodologies are broken into four options.

  17. Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    A; note 1 - -200 mV IC = -50 mA; IB = -5 mA; note 1 - -200 mV VBEsat base-emitter saturation voltage IC = -10 mA; IB = -1 mA; note 1 - -850 mV IC = -50 mA; IB = -5 mA; note 1 - -950 mV Cc collector

  18. Enzocide - a chemical dip for the reduction of Salmonella on chicken breast skin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchi, Aldo

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Kansas City, MO) to a final product temperature of 79'C. Each sample was combined with three times as much water as the sample weight and blended in a Virtis Homogenizer 23 (Gardiner, NY) for one minute. Replicates of each sample were then placed... was connected to a Corning Science Products 240 pH meter (Corning, NY). Fifty mL of unknown solution and was added 1 mL of the 5 M NaNO, ionic strength adjustor solution to a 100 mL beaker and stirred. Millivolt readings were recorded after the solution had...

  19. Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shen, S.S.; Wilson, C.T.

    1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a current transformer for operating currents larger than 2kA (two kiloamps) that is capable of detecting a millivolt level resistive voltage in the presence of a large inductive voltage. Specifically, the present invention includes substantially cylindrical primary turns arranged to carry a primary current and substantially cylindrical secondary turns arranged coaxially with and only partially within the primary turns, the secondary turns including an active winding and a dummy winding, the active and dummy windings being coaxial, longitudinally separated and arranged to mutually cancel voltages excited by commonly experienced magnetic fields, the active winding but not the dummy winding being arranged within the primary turns.

  20. ISSN 0001-4338, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 215227. Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text M.V. Makarova, A.V. Poberovskii, S.V. Yagovkina, I.L. Karol', V.E. Lagun, N.N. Paramonova, A.I. Reshetni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the prediction of pos- sible climate changes is a correct consideration of the spatiotemporal variability in the atmosphere over northwestern Russia. The study was based on analysis of measurement results [2­4], air to examine changes in TM and atmospheric methane concentra- tions at a qualitatively new level [1, 6

  1. Integral radiation dose to normal structures with conformal external beam radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aoyama, Hidefumi [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States) and Department of Radiology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo (Japan)]. E-mail: hao@radi.med.hokudai.ac.jp; Westerly, David Clark [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Mackie, Thomas Rockwell [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); TomoTherapy Inc., Madison, WI (United States); Olivera, Gustavo H. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); TomoTherapy Inc., Madison, WI (United States); Bentzen, Soren M. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Patel, Rakesh R. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Jaradat, Hazim [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Tome, Wolfgang A. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Ritter, Mark A. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Mehta, Minesh P. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: This study was designed to evaluate the integral dose (ID) received by normal tissue from intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-five radiation treatment plans including IMRT using a conventional linac with both 6 MV (6MV-IMRT) and 20 MV (20MV-IMRT), as well as three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) using 6 MV (6MV-3DCRT) and 20 MV (20MV-3DCRT) and IMRT using tomotherapy (6MV) (Tomo-IMRT), were created for 5 patients with localized prostate cancer. The ID (mean dose x tissue volume) received by normal tissue (NTID) was calculated from dose-volume histograms. Results: The 6MV-IMRT resulted in 5.0% lower NTID than 6MV-3DCRT; 20 MV beam plans resulted in 7.7%-11.2% lower NTID than 6MV-3DCRT. Tomo-IMRT NTID was comparable to 6MV-IMRT. Compared with 6MV-3DCRT, 6MV-IMRT reduced IDs to the rectal wall and penile bulb by 6.1% and 2.7%, respectively. Tomo-IMRT further reduced these IDs by 11.9% and 16.5%, respectively. The 20 MV did not reduce IDs to those structures. Conclusions: The difference in NTID between 3DCRT and IMRT is small. The 20 MV plans somewhat reduced NTID compared with 6 MV plans. The advantage of tomotherapy over conventional IMRT and 3DCRT for localized prostate cancer was demonstrated in regard to dose sparing of rectal wall and penile bulb while slightly decreasing NTID as compared with 6MV-3DCRT.

  2. Boston University Student Organization Catering Guide Welcome to Catering on the Charles!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    everyone to reduce their environmental impact. #12;Beverages Soda and Bottled Water Liter $1.50 Pepsi, Diet Pepsi, Mt. Dew, Ginger Ale, Aquafina, &/or Sierra Mist Hawaiian Punch 2 Liter Bottle $1.90 The beverages

  3. DOC First-Year Trips Communication August 2013 Greetings from DOC Trips!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    before the trip. · You NEED to bring at least two 1-liter water bottles. Plastic, bottled water is not sufficient - you should have at least two sturdy water bottles that hold 1+ liters each. · Students

  4. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per liter equals the retail price of gasoline in the Unitedgasoline prices in non-OPEC countries were 1.04 USD per liter, including an average base retail price

  5. 22 MARCH 2013 VOL 339 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1374 CREDIT:ANDREWBOURQUE/GREENWOODRESOURCESINC.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    - cultural materials into 75.7 million liters a year of ethanol. In June 2012, INEOS Bio finished building

  6. HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A SUMMARY OF THE LITERATURE WITH CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS, FY 78 FINAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeRoos, R.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESTIMATED LITERS/NONTH TLV (EEm) NIOSH ACGIH ACGIH ACGIHPainters - Solvent TLV (EEm) ACGIH Vinyl Chloride (Monomer)

  7. Bioenergy Potential of the United States Constrained by Satellite Observations of Existing Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    liters ethanol, which implies an even larger increase in biomass demand (primary energy), from roughly 2 billion liters of ethanol (secondary bioenergy) in 2009, approximately half of the world's total ethanol ethanol production of 136 billion liters by 2022.2 Yet, these bioenergy targets are largely derived from

  8. ANSI X3H295487 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR093

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    . Consider liters of milk. The integer 4 might denote 4 liters of milk. The refrigerator might contain're not sure how much milk our refrigerator contains, just as we're not sure precisely how long the car.g., there is probably only 2 or 3 liters of milk in the refrigerator). In any case, ranges, being independent of data

  9. Characterization of small RNA genes in the marine organisms Ciona intestinalis and Thalassiosira pseudonana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norden-Krichmar, Trina M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    growth phase in an 8-liter glass bottle to a density of 1.8was grown in an 8-liter glass bottle of ASW to a density ofwas grown in an 8-liter glass bottle of ASW to a density of

  10. Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of why and how M&V is conducted in Super ESPC projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V plans and reports.

  11. Comparative Effectiveness of Analgesic Sedation as Primary Sedation in Medical ICU Patients vs. Conventional Sedation and Analgesia Regimens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Scott M.

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ventilation (MV). Pharmacotherapy including analgesics, sedatives, and antipsychotics are considered the standard of care to optimize patient safety and comfort during MV. Although the use of analgesics, sedatives, and antipsychotic therapies in the ICU...

  12. Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 45, No. 279, pp. 1403-1412, October 1994 Experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schönknecht, Gerald

    the two electrode voltage-clamp technique, we investigated the ion fluxes involved in this transient membrane potential (PD) hyperpolarizes from the steady-state level (- 100 mV ±30 mV) to a maximum value

  13. Guide to Government Witnessing and Review of Measurement and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and verification (M&V) activities in Federal energy savings performance contract (ESPC) projects. Witnessing of M&V activities is a part of the process of reviewing and...

  14. Myoelectric activity of the cecum and proximal loop of the ascending colon in the cow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Adrian

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -6 (mean) (amen+80) 120. 77 124. 30 + 34. 77 119. 64 102. 38 + 25. 35 ifferent from p&0. 05 7, 8 7, 8 5 (min) t e A 103. 92 84. 32 67. 51 105. 27 143. 33 144. 70 108. 17 + 31. 05 7, 8 7, 8 (min) t e 8 198. 86 167. 24 305. 22 277. 99I 270.... 58 + 1. 33 13. 36 + 2. 51 ifferent from P&0. 05 SD = standard deviation; HA = hyperactivity. g 0. 25 mV g 025 mV ]05 mV ) 0. 5 mV 305 mV 305 mV 305 mV 305 mV Figure 4 ? Myoelectric activity of the jejunum, ileum, cecum, and proximal...

  15. ROLE OF AN ABC TRANSPORTER COMPLEX IN VIOLOGEN TOLERANCE IN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Saswati

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    the mechanisms by which S. mutans withstand exposure to various quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC) such as methyl viologen (MV) that also generates superoxide radicals in the cell. To elucidate the genes that are essential for MV tolerance, sensitive mutants...

  16. Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    agree on the general M&V approache(s) to be used prior to starting the detailed energy survey (DES). The M&V method(s) chosen have a dramatic affect on how the baseline is...

  17. Reviewing Measurement and Verification Plans for Federal ESPC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    M&V cost for each measure See DO-4 for performance-period M&V costs 2.4 Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Repair, and Replacement Reporting Requirements Define Government...

  18. SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE A.N. Skrinsky (chairman), Novosibirsk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Moscow V.M. Fomin, ITAM SB RAS, Novosibirsk M.V. Kovalchuk, Institute of Crystallography RAS, Moscow G

  19. A block-based scalable motion model for highly scalable video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kao, Meng-Ping

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. [45] J. Lee. Joint optimization of block size andjoint optimization on both MV accuracy and variable block

  20. Development of Biosensors for Real Time Analysis of Perchlorate in Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankenberger, William T; Okeke, Benedict C; Cheng, Quan Jason

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    element and redox colorants, particularly methyl viologen (the methyl viologen (MV 2+ ) is used as a redox regenerator

  1. Psychology 361: Neuropsychology, Spring Semester 2011 Professor: Paul Gilbert, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Textbook: Zillmer, E.A., Spiers, M.V., & Culbertson, W. (2008). Principles of Neuropsychology (2nd Ed

  2. DEPT. OF SPANISH PORTUGUESE YEARLY COURSE PLANNER Spanish Language Courses 2013-2014 ABBREVIATION KEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    Elementary Spanish 21 CC 16 MV Maria Teresa Villanueva 115-1 Accelerated Elementary Spanish 22 RC 16 ATW Anna

  3. The new generation of Electronic Portal Imaging Devices (EPID) based on the a-Si flat panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    at the UCSF Cancer Center on a dual energy (6 & 18 MV) linac and clinical use and development of new

  4. Measurement and Verification Activities Required in the Energy Savings Performance Contract Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There are four major measurement and verification (M&V) activities in the energy savings performance contract (ESPC) procurement process.

  5. Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    A; note 1 - 200 mV IC = 50 mA; IB = 5 mA; note 1 - 200 mV VBEsat base-emitter saturation voltage IC = 10 mA; IB = 1 mA; note 1 - 850 mV IC = 50 mA; IB = 5 mA; note 1 - 950 mV Cc collector capacitance VCB = 5 V

  6. From living cells to atoms Compartmentalisation in the cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Tassos

    ;Mitochondrial Energy MetabolismMitochondrial Energy Metabolism #12;The Electrochemical Proton Gradient metabolism enzymes,lipid metabolism enzymes, porinporin IMSIMS 6% of total6% of total mitThe Electrochemical Proton Gradient 140 mV 60 mV (-1 pH unit) TOTAL 200 mV #12;Active transport processes are driven

  7. Elmar Vogel DESY Beschleuniger-Betriebs-Seminar, Grmitz, 17-20 November 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /m22 MV/mF3A5 26 MV/m maximum horizontal gradient achieved 21.7 MV/mF3A7 no field emission measured and the cavity vacuum 54 Truck transportation #12;7 55 Arriving Hamburg... 56 ... and DESY 57 Unp

  8. anisotropic magnetic phase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - TxSpace Summary: system include: 30 liter superinsulated helium dewar. 9 Tesla superconducting magnet. Cryostat probe insert assembly. Sample positioning...

  9. Photovoltaic Technology Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be translated as light-electricity.

  10. Countervailing Power in Wholesale Pharmaceuticals Sara Fisher Ellison Christopher M. Snyder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    Countervailing Power in Wholesale Pharmaceuticals Sara Fisher Ellison Christopher M. Snyder M liter- ature. We test the theories using data on wholesale prices for antibiotics sold to large

  11. Mathematics 3C Summer 2009 Worksheet 5, August 20th, TA Grace Kennedy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    at 5 liters per minute. The salt water mixes in with the fresh water and the brine exits by a funnel

  12. Math 1272 30 "PRACTICE" MIDTERM EXAM 2 6 March 2011 1.) Find the length of the curve.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulliver, Robert

    of salt dissolved in 4000 L of water. Brine that contains 0.05 kg salt per liter of water enters the tank

  13. Folio PreVIEWS - Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    from hazardous waste. Concentration: The quantity of a substance in a unit of sample media (e.g., milligrams per liter, or micrograms per kilogram). Confined aquifer: A...

  14. The effects of hyperventilation on peripheral blood flow: a study of cardiopulmonary interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loy, Robin Ann

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the subject breathes. The subject's physiological Vo can be estimated by using the following equations: vpv, = (pacoz + pEcoz) / pacoz + o vE = vA + vD (2) Where: V V Pacoz PEcoz VE vA vD Dead space (liters) Tidal volume (liters) Alveolar... protocols (see Table 1) 33 Table 1. Experimental Protocol Constant Fre enc FT V~ liters breath F of breaths VE L min 1. 0 40 40 1. 75 40 70 2. 5 40 100 Constant Tidal Volume VT V~ liters breath F of breaths VE L min 1. 0 40 40 1. 0 70 70 1. 0 100...

  15. Being Aboriginal and Taiwanese in the Pursuit of Community Well-Being: Examining the Janus-Face of Public Health Among Bunun Peoples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shyh-Wei

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    local Bunun claim that gout problems (tongfong, literally “distributing risk factors (for gout, hypertension, or highand accompanying health issues like gout or high cholesterol

  16. application general information: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The word steganography literally means covered writing. It was coined in 1499 Hernandez-Castro, Julio Cesar 213 Understanding learning: Applications to Information and...

  17. MDF Form and Function (Text Version) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a wonderful case study. Q: One of the challenges in new technologies is finding the tooling and materials required to build these newer products and sometimes they literally...

  18. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biodiversity impacts . Bioethanol . Evenness . Geographicto produce a liter of bioethanol depends on where thethen assessed for three bioethanol feedstocks at different

  19. Vehicular Thermoelectric Applications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modules Available Energy in Engine Exhaust BMW Series 5 , Model Year 2011, 3.0 Liter Gasoline Engine w Thermoelectric Generator Funding Opportunity Announcement...

  20. acfa isotope activation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    N. Densmore a, Geosciences Websites Summary: -occur- ring radioactive isotopes such as uranium, and radium also have Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL and 25 picoCuries per liter...

  1. Marine Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaffino, Kyle

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decent  swig  of   Diet  Pepsi.  “We’ll  have  to  hurry  one-­?liter   bottle  of  Pepsi,  two  sixteen-­?ounce  

  2. adopted hydraulic retention: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concern? Geosciences Websites Summary: Hydraulic "Fracking": Are Surface Water Impacts An Ecological Concern? G. Allen Burton Jr shale formations. Millions of liters of...

  3. advanced hydraulic studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concern? Geosciences Websites Summary: Hydraulic "Fracking": Are Surface Water Impacts An Ecological Concern? G. Allen Burton Jr shale formations. Millions of liters of...

  4. assembly thermo hydraulic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concern? Geosciences Websites Summary: Hydraulic "Fracking": Are Surface Water Impacts An Ecological Concern? G. Allen Burton Jr shale formations. Millions of liters of...

  5. advanced thermal hydraulic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concern? Geosciences Websites Summary: Hydraulic "Fracking": Are Surface Water Impacts An Ecological Concern? G. Allen Burton Jr shale formations. Millions of liters of...

  6. Cool CAVEs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Idaho National Laboratory's "CAVE" -- 3-D Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment –- allows scientists to literally walk into their data and look at it from multiple perspectives.

  7. Diesel Engines: Environmental Impact and Control

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lung Function FEV1 (Liters) Health Effects Health Effects Source: Brunekreef B, et al, Air Pollution from truck traffic and lung function in children living near motorways...

  8. Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    liter PETE or HDPE plastic bottles. The time between watera plastic funnel positioned over a clean 250 mL bottle. The

  9. San Joaquin River Up-Stream DO TMDL Project Task 4: Monitoring Study Interim Task Report #3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean narrow mouth plastic bottles (VWR International), orTrace-Clean wide mouth plastic bottles (VWR International)1 liter Trace-Clean plastic bottles (VWR International, West

  10. Synergies of High-Efficiency Clean Combustion and Lean NOx Trap...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for the Department of Energy * Engine: - 1.7-liter, 4-cylinder - Variable Geometry Turbo - Upgraded Exhaust Header - Model-Based Full-Pass Control System - Advanced Fuel...

  11. satisfiability (sat) The length of a boolean expression is the length of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

    Similar to programmable logic array. bWe count only the literals here. c 2014 Prof. Yuh-Dauh Lyuu, National Taiwan

  12. Landscape of superconducting membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederik Denef; Sean A. Hartnoll

    2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The AdS/CFT correspondence may connect the landscape of string vacua and the `atomic landscape' of condensed matter physics. We study the stability of a landscape of IR fixed points of N=2 large N gauge theories in 2+1 dimensions, dual to Sasaki-Einstein compactifications of M theory, towards a superconducting state. By exhibiting instabilities of charged black holes in these compactifications, we show that many of these theories have charged operators that condense when the theory is placed at a finite chemical potential. We compute a statistical distribution of critical superconducting temperatures for a subset of these theories. With a chemical potential of one milliVolt, we find critical temperatures ranging between 0.24 and 165 degrees Kelvin.

  13. 5 SEPTEMBER 2014 VOL 345 ISSUE 6201 1111SCIENCE sciencemag.org PHOTO:GREGLATZA/POET-DSMADVANCEDBIOFUELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    - lulosic ethanol producers turned out just 1.1 million liters of fuel from a handful of small facilities liter ($1 per gallon). So if current commercial cellulosic ethanol producers can manufacture fuel below that ethanol going to go?" EPA now requires gas- oline blenders to add 10% ethanol to their fuel, a mix known

  14. Survey of UCSC Mercury Work in and around San Francisco Bay.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 13 billion liters of gasoline per year · Crude oil and mercury deposits known to coexist · Trace of crude oil per day capacity ­ Produced 20 million liters of gasoline in 1998 · Over 4.5 million vehicles in crude oil purchased by CA refineries · Hg from gasoline is a small (

  15. ANSI X3H2-95-487 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-093

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    of milk. The integer 4 might denote 4 liters of milk. The refrigerator might contain a range of 2 to 4 refrigerator contains, just as we're not sure precisely how long the car's radiator uid has been low. Let's now would also be helpful with ranges e.g., there is probably only 2 or 3 liters of milk in the refrigerator

  16. ANSI X3H2-95-487 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    of milk. The integer 4 might denote 4 liters of milk. The refrigerator might contain a range of 2 to 4 refrigerator contains, just as we're not sure precisely how long the car's radiator uid has been low. Let's now would also be helpful with ranges e.g., there is probably only 2 or 3 liters of milk in the refrigerator

  17. ANSI X3H295487 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    of milk. The integer 4 might denote 4 liters of milk. The refrigerator might contain a range of 2 to 4 much milk our refrigerator contains, just as we're not sure precisely how long the car's radiator fluid.g., there is probably only 2 or 3 liters of milk in the refrigerator). In any case, ranges, being independent of data

  18. 2.5 The DPLL Procedure Given a propositional formula in CNF (or alternatively, a finite set N of clauses), check

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldmann, Uwe

    for all clauses C in N. A |= C if and only if A |= L for some literal L C. Partial Valuations Since we will construct satisfying valuations incrementally, we consider partial valuations (that is, partial mappings A : {0, 1}). Every partial valuation A corresponds to a set M of literals that does not contain

  19. The water in the wine John T. Baldwin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, John T.

    400 HOMEWORK: Due August 30 A bottle of wine contains 1 liter of wine. Next to it is a glass which of the bottle and glass did not matter. Further questions: 1. What is the difference between `concentration holds .4 liter of water. One teaspoon (2 ml) of water is taken from the glass and mixed into the wine

  20. Mentos Lesson Grades 4 -8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    liter bottle of Sprite Complete list of materials: Sprite Dirty pint glass Clean pint glass 1 x 2 liter;Supplies needed per one nucleation demonstration: 1. 1 x dirty pint glass 2. 1 x clean pint glass 3. 1 x 2. To prove that gas is in the Diet Coke; we will shake a bottle of Diet Coke and loosen the top allowing

  1. Old Dominion University -Distance Learning Center for Learning and Teaching -757-683-3172, clt@odu.edu, clt.odu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    students Audience: · Residential, Working, Commuter, Non-Traditional Undergraduate/Graduate, Worldwide 2· SucceSSful Teaching and learning re- quiremenTS Faculty Profile: · Knowledgeable, enthusiastic, engaging, constraints and interests; info-tech literate; visually literate Students Profile: · Motivated, highly

  2. Standard Measurement & Verification Plan for Lighting Equipment Retrofit or Replacement Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a framework for a standard Measurement and Verification (M&V) plan for lighting projects. It was developed to support cost-effective retrofits (partial and complete replacements) of lighting systems and is intended to provide a foundation for an M&V plan for a lighting retrofit utilizing a "best practice" approach, and to provide guidance to site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations on what is essential for a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. This document provides examples of appropriate elements of an M&V plan, including the calculation of expected energy savings. The standard M&V plan, as provided, also allows for consistent comparison with other similar lighting projects. Although intended for lighting retrofit applications, M&V plans developed per this framework document may also be used for other non-lighting technology retrofits and new installations.

  3. ACCELERATOR DIVISION ANNUAL REPORTS, 1 JULY 1972 12/31/1974

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lofgren, E.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    compressor we could regularly form compressed rings with a holding field of 5 MV/m and more, without any problems

  4. Well Completion Report for Corrective Action Unit 443 Central Nevada Test Area Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The drilling program described in this report is part of a new corrective action strategy for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 443 at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA). The drilling program included drilling two boreholes, geophysical well logging, construction of two monitoring/validation (MV) wells with piezometers (MV-4 and MV-5), development of monitor wells and piezometers, recompletion of two existing wells (HTH-1 and UC-1-P-1S), removal of pumps from existing wells (MV-1, MV-2, and MV-3), redevelopment of piezometers associated with existing wells (MV-1, MV-2, and MV-3), and installation of submersible pumps. The new corrective action strategy includes initiating a new 5-year proof-of-concept monitoring period to validate the compliance boundary at CNTA (DOE 2007). The new 5-year proof-of-concept monitoring period begins upon completion of the new monitor wells and collection of samples for laboratory analysis. The new strategy is described in the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan addendum (DOE 2008a) that the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection approved (NDEP 2008).

  5. Solar fuels : integration of molecular catalysts with p-type semiconductor photocathode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Bhupendra

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on hydrogenated Pd and Pt electrode at 200 mV overpotentialor hydrogenated Pd. All of these electrodes are good proton

  6. Data:9d2b5deb-0dd7-473c-a26c-7e0591db36e1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    250W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectric&id6760 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand...

  7. Data:31c724fa-4487-48c1-b494-adb3b400d070 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  8. Data:B0162ab1-e70e-42dc-bb9b-38806659178b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode (98% contributed) Wood Distribution 1.00 per pole per month. Wood Stand Alone...

  9. Data:Bc4d9ee3-a955-440c-9835-109a82425701 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  10. Data:6b0a2698-e617-4833-a4ee-ecfb4c3bb474 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  11. Data:Eae6bc4d-fca9-49ee-828b-eff25d6321e2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  12. Data:F69235c4-2aa9-4b28-b56e-6306a5af980d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    units. Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, Q Quarts, LED Light Emitting Diode. Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelect...

  13. Data:2f33f127-18a8-436d-ac20-a71de5283143 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  14. Data:A1aab9f5-62b8-4054-9e89-e8f4799eee09 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode (98% contributed) Wood Distribution 1.00 per pole per month. Wood Stand Alone...

  15. Data:96f134c4-126b-45c0-8e3c-fad541a2cce7 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Source or reference: http:psc.wi.govapps40tariffsviewfile.aspx?typeelectr...

  16. Introduction to Measurement and Verification for DOE Super ESPC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and verification is conducted in super energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V...

  17. Data:1b0f0ce3-ceb3-4295-93e4-fa2b77c76cb4 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    >> Basic Information Utility name: Cuming County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 20111214 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Unmetered Lights 250W MV Sector:...

  18. Guidelines and Checklist for Commissioning and Government Acceptance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Checklist, and Contract Clauses for Government Acceptance of Super ESPC Projects Commissioning Guidance for ESPCs Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal...

  19. Electrochemical investigation of the energetics of particulate titanium dioxide photocatalysts. The methyl viologen-acetate system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, M.D.; White, J.R.; Bard, A.J.

    1983-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Addition of methyl viologen (MV/sup 2 +/) enhances the anodic currents observed for TiO/sub 2/ suspensions under illumination by trapping of photogenerated electrons with formation of MV/sup +/. The magnitude of the photocurrent depends upon the relative location of the semiconductor Fermi level and E/sub redox/ of the MV/sup 2 +//MV/sup +/.couple. The location of the Fermi level in the anatase powders was estimated as -0.05 V vs. NHE (pH 0) based on the observed variation of photocurrent with pH. The shift in the quasi-Fermi level with light intensity is also discussed.

  20. Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Measurement and verification (M&V) activities help agencies confirm that legally and contractually required savings guarantees are met in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

  1. Data:1b6b7e73-4b27-49bd-be90-7e834c978642 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2 Lightinhg service to existing instalation only - schedule ALS - MV - 400W with Concrete, Fiberglass or Metal Pole Sector: Lighting Description: This rate schedule is...

  2. Data:32d15984-284d-4bd2-9591-6060b0f38545 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 400w mv, 30 ft concrete pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 400...

  3. University of Massachusetts Amherst Measurement & Verification Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    University of Massachusetts Amherst Measurement & Verification Guidelines & Template Plan 11 ..............................................................................................................1 UMASS AMHERST MEASUREMENT & VERIFICATION (M&V) GUIDELINES ..........3 PREFACE ....................................................................................................................................................................3 BENEFITS OF MEASUREMENT & VERIFICATION

  4. Example Measurement & Verification Plan for a Super ESPC Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Report features a comprehensive measurement and verification (M&V) plan for a fictitious super energy savings performance contract (ESPC) project.

  5. Standard Measurement and Verification Plan for Lighting Retrofit Projects for Buildings and Building Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a framework for standard measurement and verification (M&V) of lighting retrofit and replacement projects. It was developed to provide site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations with the essential elements of a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. It includes details on all aspects of effectively measuring light levels of existing and post-retrofit projects, conducting power measurement, and developing cost-effectiveness analysis. This framework M&V plan also enables consistent comparison among similar lighting projects, and may be used to develop M&V plans for non--lighting-technology retrofits and new installations.

  6. Development of an in situ Remediation Strategy for a Metals-Contaminated, Alkaline Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Aaron Scott

    under oxygenated or reduced conditions (Appendices 7 and 8). 19 Figure 7. Lead speciation as a function of pH at Eh = -409 mV Figure 8. Lead speciation as a function of pH at Eh = 200 mV Eh = -409 mV Eh = 200 mV 20 The chemistry of lead... and encouragement of my family, especially my wife Jessie and my parents John and Jean. Their unwavering support has helped me tremendously. I am particularly grateful to Dr. Edward Peltier and Dr. Mandy M. Michalsen for the great care with which they reviewed my...

  7. Data:A4423bc0-5f8d-4ef2-a967-bea6ed1f5fc9 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    street lighting near the Cooperative's electric distribution lines with existing transformers. MV Mercury Vapor; HPS High Pressure Sodium; MH Metal Halide; X Cobra Head...

  8. Data:2aa07ba4-9aaa-4ed2-974e-604ed46e09db | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LIGHT SERVICE (175W MV) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments...

  9. Data:89f6d69a-85f5-4a51-936d-0f72768c0a56 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    street lighting near the Cooperative's electric distribution lines with existing transformers. MV Mercury Vapor; HPS High Pressure Sodium; MH Metal Halide; X Cobra Head...

  10. Data:9dbae606-8b20-44d5-adbe-98752fd2c194 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 20120520 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting 250 W HPS (400 W MV) Sector: Lighting Description: The Cooperative shall install,...

  11. Data:Ba2c55ad-e6d5-4f50-abb2-919e9511d0eb | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20120501 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule OSL: Ornamental Street Lighting Service 175 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: AVAILABILITY: Available to any...

  12. Automated Measurement and Signaling Systems for the Transactional Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    verification (M&V) of energy and demand savings. Baselinedetermination of energy, demand, and economic savings. ThisSum Department of Energy Demand response Energy Conservation

  13. ESPC Best Practices from Life of Contract Field Reviews

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    throughout. - Structure Project Terms so Measurement and Verification (M&V), Operations, Preventive Maintenance, and RepairReplacement ensure close, regular SiteESCO Interaction...

  14. Intermetallic Anodes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search for inexpensive intermetallic electrode materials (powder laminates rather than thin films) that provide 1) an electrochemical potential several hundred mV above Li 0 ,...

  15. Organic composition and environmental conditions in mangrove sediments : a key for reconstructing the evolution of theFrench Guiana coast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    values (range : 200 to 400mV), due to the oxygen made available by mangrove roots (Sholander et al., 1955

  16. Supplementary Information: Regulated spatial organization and sensitivity of cytosolic protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontana, Walter

    V #12;PLM Neurons ydEx37 ydEx42 ydEx20 ydIs1 ydEx40 Pharyngeal muscle 0.0 1.0 0.5 E (mV) -280 -275 -265 of pharyngeal muscles (green lines), PLM touch neurons (red lines), and intestine (orange lines). The average) and -270.6 mV (68) for the ydEx35, and ydEx42 PLM neuronal lines; and -270.0 mV (74), -269.8 mV (61

  17. Technical design aspects of Feasibility Study-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zisman, Michael S.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fig. 4. Cavity shape for SCRF to give 17 MV/m gradient inRLA are based on 201.25 MHz SCRF cavities [5]. (The power

  18. International linear collider reference design report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aarons, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transformers located along the Service Tunnel tap-o? the MV distribution system to provide power to the LV systems and components.

  19. Building Energy Modeling (BEM) Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HVAC system selection & sizing * Operations: HVAC fault diagnosis, dynamic control & demand response * Market: code development & compliance, ratings, incentives, M&V, policy,...

  20. Operational experience with compressed geometry acceleration tubes in the Oak Ridge 25URC tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.M.; Haynes, D.L.; Juras, R.C.; Meigs, M.J.; Ziegler, N.F.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Installation of compressed geometry acceleration tubes and other associated modifications have increased the effective voltage capability of the Oak Ridge 25URC tandem accelerator by about 3 MV. Since mid-September 1988, the accelerator has been operated routinely at terminal potentials up to 24 MV and occasionally near 25 MV. In 3500 hours of full-column operation, including 1100 hours at potentials about 22 MV, no significant spark-included damage was observed. Some considerations related to further improvements in voltage performance are discussed. 7 refs., 5 figs.

  1. Data:7934461b-9c42-46ae-9e90-5a811e55943b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20120901 End date if known: Rate name: MV-250 Watt Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: City of North Little Rock, Arkansas (Utility Company) Source Parent:...

  2. Data:086afd92-645b-444e-adfa-9c71eea4b1b2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20090201 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 175 Watt MV 77 kWh (Steel Underground) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http:...

  3. Data:7c4fc97a-725a-456e-a579-9c55a0863e8b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20090201 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 175 Watt MV 77 kWh (Steel Pole Overhead) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http:...

  4. Data:5c84e5b4-40f7-4624-a2ee-1b9ba033c95f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0301 End date if known: Rate name: MVS - Closed Offerings - 400 Watt MV - series - Steel Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: https:www.swepco.com Source...

  5. Data:5280bf35-a79b-4f34-a343-c86d1644d544 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 175w mv, 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 175 watt...

  6. Data:99ad19dd-f2e0-4fe9-9d8d-091b546b7257 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    20130301 End date if known: Rate name: MV - Closed Offerings - 400 Watt Mercury Vapor Steel Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: https:www.swepco.com Source...

  7. Data:45ead812-8059-47f8-85fc-38d31e723658 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 1000w mv, 41 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 1000...

  8. Data:1a8b1adc-8132-42e1-bbc6-37cbe8433d4a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20090201 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 400 Watt MV 169 kWh (Steel Pole Underground) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http:...

  9. Data:857c5962-cd32-43e6-b129-4d55e7fb4fcf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20130301 End date if known: Rate name: MVS - Closed Offerings - 400 Watt MV Steel Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: https:www.swepco.com Source...

  10. Data:1eafbca9-067f-4d57-b27e-3e1293f58bc9 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 250w mv, 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 250 watt...

  11. Data:52c1785f-1cda-4fb8-a8ac-98e3112e9493 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 400w mv, 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 400 watt...

  12. Heat Pump Water Heaters and American Homes: A Good Fit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, Victor

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M.V. Lapsa. 2001. Residential Heat Pump Water Heater (HPWH)Calwell. 2005. Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters: Energyfor Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters Installed in

  13. Long term biosustainability in a high energy, low diversity crustal biotome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, L-H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L. J. Robb, Mineral. Petrol. 66, 83 C. Tardy-Jacquenod, M.V. H. Gartz, Mineral. Petrol. 66, 55 (1999). B. Zhao, C.

  14. UESC Performance Assurance

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Performance Assurance (M&V) Hosted by: FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR May 7 - 8, 2014 Virginia Beach, VA Outline * Federal Requirements - Commissioning...

  15. Opening Remarks, Grid Integration Initiative Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Loads Power Systems Integration Lab PV and Grid Simulators Energy Systems Integration Lab Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers Outdoor Test Area EVs, MV equipment Rooftop PV & Wind Energy...

  16. Assessment of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Methods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    smart meters, devices, and analytics to enable the delivery of streamlined measurement and verification (M&V) that reduces cost while increasing the speed and accuracy of...

  17. Validation of Sanitation Procedures to Prevent the Cross Contact with Allergens During the Processing of Pork Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, Dawna

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    10?, Henderson, CO) in 3.8 liters of water (34 to 64?C) and sanitized with a quatenary ammonium compound (Birko Bi-quat?, Henderson, CO) using a hand held polyethylene sprayer until adequately covered (~1.5 liters/min). ? ? 15? Product... individual part was then scrubbed with a general purpose soap containing (4.06 oz Birko Liquik 10?, Henderson, CO) in 3.8 liters of water (34 to 64?C). The blade was turned clockwise three times while scrubbing horizontally making sure to scrub the blade...

  18. Oncolytic measles virus and mesenchymal stromal cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    to acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) ­ a disseminated haematological malignancy. Anti MV antibody titres lymphoblastic leukemia in the presence of humoral immunity. Blood. 2014 Feb 27;123(9):1327-35. doi: 10 AK. Human mesenchymal stromal cells efficiently deliver systemic oncolytic MV to treat acute

  19. Jeudi 3 octobre 2013 Grid integration of REN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    of Smartgrids Nouredine Hadjsaid, Grenoble INP/ENSE3, laboratoire G2ELAB, CNRS #12;MV/LV 20kV/400V HV/MV 63kV/20 de distribution Opérateur Système Production Transport Distribution SmartGrids Evolution: Value chain and implication SmartGrids value chain Interface des c Interface des c #12;Tools for managing complexity ICT

  20. Procedure Hopping: a Low Overhead Solution to Mitigate Variability in Shared-L1 Processor Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    shows a range of 18mV-63mV inter-corner variation among the maximum voltage droop of procedures critical voltage droops during the execution of all procedures while incurring less than 1% latency penalty) dynamic environmental stresses such as temperature fluctuations and voltage droops that result from large

  1. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    : This paper examines the market efficiency of oil spot and futures prices by using both mean-variance (MV period 1989-2008, we find no evidence of any MV and SD relationships between oil spot and futures indices of crude oil prices, oil futures have become one of the most popular derivatives to hedge the risk of oil

  2. FIRST RF TEST AT 4.2K OF A 200MHZ SUPERCONDUCTING NB-CU CAVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geng, Rong-Li

    show up at = 3 MV/m and 1 MV/m. Helium processing is effective to reduce field emission and improve and dust-free N2, was then sent by airplane and truck to LEPP. Figure 1: A half cell that is being rinsed

  3. Patterned Linear Systems Sarah C. Hamilton and Mireille E. Broucke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broucke, Mireille E.

    -invariant subspace V, belongs to F(MV ). Given V X, TV F(MV ). Then · Under certain conditions, there is a lifting-invariant. · Spectral subspaces of T are M-invariant and M-decoupling. · TV , the restriction of T to an M

  4. Integrated Framework toward a Closed Loop Measurement and Verification Shankar Earni, Phil Coleman, Mark Sanders, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electricity at least hourly. These data, coupled with data from the energy management control systems, provide to integrate M&V and commissioning activities into the ESPC process, combining M&V activities and advanced&M) expenses, albeit with little capital funding. One recent directive, the Energy Independence and Security

  5. Development of new methodologies for evaluating the energy performance of new commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Suwon

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    -study building in Austin, Texas. First, three new M&V methods were developed to enhance the previous generic M&V framework for new buildings, including: 1) The development of a method to synthesize weathernormalized cooling energy use from a correlation of Motor...

  6. PE, MASc, BSc, BEng, LEED AP Enermodal Engineering Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Associates, Inc. #12;Creating energy and resource efficient buildings Agenda Why does it matter? How much energy does my building use? M&V Overview University of Massachusetts Amherst Campus Police Station M&V Case Studies #12;Creating energy and resource efficient buildings Why Lower energy consumption

  7. MG DOPING AND ALLOYING IN ZN3P2 HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Gregory M. Kimball, Nathan S. Lewis, Harry A. Atwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Gregory

    -Si) for thin film photovoltaics. We report the fabrication of Mg/Zn3P2 Schottky diodes with Voe values reaching 550 mV, Jse values up to 21.8 mAlcm 2 , and photovoltaic efficiency reaching 4.5%. Previous authors voltages > 500 mV without degradation in the blue response of the solar cell. These results indicate

  8. Review of Methods for Measuring and Verifying Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits to Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Measurement & Verification (M&V) process has evolved in the last 15 years to provide a high confidence approach for determining the resulting savings from a variety of retrofits and energy efficiency enhancements. M&V has a dual role. First...

  9. Using Measurement and Verification to Manage Risk in Federal Energy- and Water-Saving Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    "Risk," in the context of measurement and verification (M&V), refers to the uncertainty that expected savings will be realized. Assumption of risk implies acceptance of the potential monetary consequences. Energy service companies (ESCOs) and agencies are each reluctant to assume responsibility for factors they cannot control, and holding certain parameters fixed in the M&V plan can match up responsibilities.

  10. Federal ESPC Process Phase 5: Post-Acceptance Performance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    During phase 5 of the energy savings performance contract (ESPC) process, the energy service company (ESCO) delivers the savings and equipment performance, as contracted, and conducts the annual measurement and verification (M&V) activities described in the M&V plan. The agency administers the ESPC, ensures that guarantees are met, and performs the services specified in the contract.

  11. Multiobjective service restoration in distribution networks using an evolutionary approach and fuzzy sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    the SR problem is dealt with in a multiple objectives (MO) formulation. Indeed, the power losses' term if the concerned area is large, namely, when the fault occurs close to or inside the HV/MV substation. If this is the case, and one of the HV/ MV transformers is out of service, the SR problem is that of finding

  12. EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 11: Solar Cell Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    mV ­ Commercial silicon solar cells 500-600 mV 11 Power & IV Curve · Power (Watts) is the rate · The power output by a source is the product of the current supplied and the voltage at which the current was supplied 12 · Power output = Source voltage x Source current ­ P=V x I (Watts = Joules/second) = (Volts

  13. Alkaline metal-doped n-type semiconducting nanotubes as quantum dots Jing Kong, Chongwu Zhou, Erhan Yenilmez, and Hongjie Daia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    . The dispenser consists of a potassium salt and resistive heater, and is placed at about 1 cm away from recorded under a bias V 1 mV incremental step in Vg 25 mV at various temperatures. The conductance

  14. Influence of Temperature on the Corrosion of Uranium Dioxide Nuclear Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broczkowski, Michael E.; Noel, Jamie J.; Shoesmith, David W. [Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, N6A 5B7 (Canada)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The anodic dissolution of UO{sub 2} has been studied at 60 deg. C and the results compared to previous observations at 22 deg. C. The rate of oxidation / dissolution was determined electrochemically at constant potentials in the range -500 mV to 500 mV (vs. SCE). The composition of the electrochemically oxidized surface was determined by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The onset of oxidation (UO{sub 2} {yields} UO{sub 2+x}) occurred at approximately the same potential (-400 mV) at both temperatures. However, the conversion of U{sub V} to U{sub VI}, and hence to soluble UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}, was accelerated by temperature. This acceleration of dissolution caused the development of acidity at localized sites on the fuel surface at lower (less oxidizing) potentials ({>=} 100 mV) at 60 deg. C than at 22 deg. C ({>=} 350 mV)

  15. Pulse radiolytic study of aqueous solutions containing nitrobenzene and methylviologen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nahor, G.S.; Rabini, J.

    1985-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Solutions containing 2-propanol, nitrobenzene (NB), and methylviologen (MVS ) have been studied in wide ranges of concentrations and pHs. The two radicals NB and MV are formed by the reactions of NB and MV S , respectively, with both the hydrated electron and the 2-propanol radical. Studies were carried out at 578 nm where only the MV absorbs light. The decay of MV follows a single second-order process whose rate constant depends on (NB), (H ), and (MVS ). The findings could be explained by a fast equilibrium between the viologen and nitrobenzene redox systems followed by a slow reaction between MV and either NB or its acidic form NBH. 17 references, 7 figures.

  16. Jefferson Lab Man Donates Bone Marrow to Save 12-Year-Old Boy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to MCV where he was admitted for the overnight procedure. He received a general anesthesia; then the doctors extracted two liters of bone marrow from his body. The life-saving...

  17. Closing the gateways of democracy : cities and the militarization of protest policing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golan, Gan

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the era of globalization, cities function as 'gateways of democracy,' the spaces and places where the civil society literally 'marches through' in order to deliver oppositional claims into the global arena. However, ...

  18. How to Pass the Turing Test by Cheating Jason L Hutchens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    literally just around the corner. This prompted the great British mathemetician, Alan Turing, to devise by explaining why the Loebner contest is doomed to failure. 2 Can Machines Think? Alan Turing was a brilliant

  19. Institute Science Camp Rules 1. Campers should arrive at and depart from the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (1 E. Hazelwood Dr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    and lab coats will be provided while in the lab. The lab can be chilly, so layering clothes is recommended, at least one liter of drinking water, wet wipes or antibacterial sanitizer, rain gear (if rain is expected

  20. Open Source Architecture: An Exploration of Source Code and Access in Architectural Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardouli, Theodora

    The term open source is increasingly applied to architecture, yet there is little consensus about what it means in this context. This paper explores how different literal and metaphoric interpretations of the “access to ...

  1. Computer Literacy Skills of Net Generation Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duke, Christopher

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Younger learners are widely considered to be technologically savvy and computer literate because of their lifelong exposure to ubiquitous technology. Educators often rely on that assumption to justify changes to institutional curricula, technology...

  2. aqueous hcl solution: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alain Hedoux; Yannick Guinet; Marc Descamps 2010-05-28 18 To make 4 N HCl in 1 liter bottle from concentrated 1xQD Stock ml final solution 1000 1000 1000 Geosciences Websites...

  3. aqueous hcl solutions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alain Hedoux; Yannick Guinet; Marc Descamps 2010-05-28 18 To make 4 N HCl in 1 liter bottle from concentrated 1xQD Stock ml final solution 1000 1000 1000 Geosciences Websites...

  4. aqueous solutions final: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ml final solution 1000 1000 1000 Geosciences Websites Summary: To make 4 N HCl in 1 liter bottle from concentrated 1xQD Stock ml final solution 1000 1000 1000 ml Conc. Stock 511.5...

  5. Informal Report USE OF PERFLUOROCARBON TRACER (PFT) TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BNL-66726 Informal Report USE OF PERFLUOROCARBON TRACER (PFT) TECHNOLOGY FOR SUBSURFACE BARRIER and concentrations in the range of a few hundred ppm. Approximately 65 liters of air laced with tracer was injected

  6. Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Hal

    Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith 1 Simple Models Bacteria are the dominant form of life on the planet the concentration of the nutrient in the media (grams/liter) and N(t) de

  7. Literacy, orality annd the digital revolution: history and prospects for university undergraduate research fellows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelison, J. Garrett

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    For years, communications scholars have classified communication into two types, oral and literate. Oral communication is, of course, basic to humans. We are bom with the ability to speak and need no formal training in ...

  8. The experience and image of American elevated railways : rapid transit infrastructure in the urban consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Gordon Benedict

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the turn of the twentieth century, elevated railways were built out of a practical need to literally "elevate" traffic above the street. In most cases, these lines served two distinct purposes. They served existing ...

  9. Mohammad Azari Thomas Perkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    Microturbine 1mW/cm2 microelectromechanical turbine at 30 liters/min Heel Strike W with dielectric elastomer, 250­700 mW with hydraulic piezoelectric actuator, 10 mW with piezoelectric insole

  10. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underground pipeline leak of 1,000,000 liters of gas intoPipeline Safety reported annual leaks of approximately 6.7 million gallons of oil and gas

  11. Attitudes toward offshore oil development: A summary of current evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gramling, R; Freudenburg, Wm R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    History of oil well drilling. Houston: Gulf Publishing Co;1955. World’s deepest well. Drilling December:52. [8] Logandrilling efforts continued to expand, however, the offshore industry found itself in waters that were literally as well

  12. NSTX Weekly Report (June 11, 2010) FY 2010 NSTX plasma operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    modes. Radio frequency heating (wave-particle and edge interactions, and fast wave antenna loading heating, as well as dual probe lithium evaporation. The lithium (LITER) probe in the Bay F #12;position (H. Kugel) · Liquid Lithium Diver

  13. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,the production and processing of each gallon of crude oil (production and processing of 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of crude oil

  14. German Company Offers to Transform Sofia Waste to Energy The German company AlphaKat has filed a bid at Sofia municipality to construct an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    and might be used for vehicles and heating. AlphaKat explained that under that technology 1liter of diesel of the offered technology include the fact that there would be no need for waste depots and baling systems

  15. Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atlas, R.M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a North Slope relatively heavy oil (API gravity=29), as wellmoderate oiling and 2.6% had heavy oil levels 9 ; 87% of themillion liters North Slope Heavy Oil (API 29) Tanker spill

  16. Vol. 6, 31-36, Janua~ 1997 CancerEpidemiology,Biomarkers&Prevention 31 Micronuclei in Exfoliated Bladder Cells among Individuals Chronically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Vol. 6, 31-36, Janua~ 1997 CancerEpidemiology,Biomarkers&Prevention 31 Micronuclei in Exfoliated concentrations, 600 and 15 pg As/liter, respectively). A fluorescent version of the exfoliated bladder cell

  17. Juan de Oñate in Quivira, 1601: the "Relación cierta y verdadera" and the Valverde Interrogatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craddock, Jerry R.; Polt, John H. R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carroll L. 1995. Rio del Norte: People of the Upper Riocatfish’. 161v20 “la banda del norte”: literally the “lado”10 do haçia la dereçera del norte, mientras mas yban en- |

  18. WATER INFLOW INTO BOREHOLES DURING THE STRIPA HEATER EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is plotted against water extraction rate with temper­ aturei^ H 2 _ -i I Liquid water extraction rate (liters/day) XBLholi? s due to water extraction was negligible because the

  19. BNL | ATF Experimental Chambers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Injection Vacuum Chamber Located on beam line 1, the "Smith-Purcell box" has 140 liters of usable volume. Due to its size, it is mounted on a fixed platform. Hosted...

  20. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    estimate 8. Price of coal energy: average delivered price toin gCO2e/liter Price of coal energy 0.0020 ($/MJ) Price of0.09 uses only coal based energy net GHG displacement if

  1. An Examination of the Effects of the Texas Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn Agricultural Education Program on Youth's Perceptions and Knowledge of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Joni Leigh

    2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Agriculture impacts the lives of individuals daily and many people do not realize the effect it has on our society. In efforts to educate people and strive for a more agricultural literate society, agricultural education programs, such as the Texas...

  2. ORNL researcher developing robotic hand

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr.Lonnie Love

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Oak Ridge National Lab is literally giving the robotics industry a hand. One scientist there is currently working on a fluid powered hand that will help everyone from amputees to the military.

  3. E N G I N E E R I N G T H E F U T U R E O F R O B O T I C S Highly mobile &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Abhinav

    , reconnaissance, surveillance, and work in hazardous environments A removable battery pack is the only component-wheeled Mini Crusher easily tackles gravel and other challenging terrain and literally turns on a dime. #12;

  4. Reduced nitrate leaching and enhanced denitrifier activity and efficiency in organically fertilized soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohannan, Brendan

    Well Road, Salina, KS 67401 Contributed by Harold A. Mooney, January 17, 2006 Conventional agriculture) maximum contaminant level of 10 mg liter 1 as N (8). In the Yakima River Basin of Washington State, where

  5. Writing Their Way In: The Dedicatory Epistles of Early Modern English Women Authors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Meghan Lee

    2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Aphra Behn’s livelihood depended upon her ability to appeal to the literate public generally and the upper classes in particular, her dedications are universally political. Situating her printed dedicatory epistles published between 1673 and 1689...

  6. Review: Globalization of Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennant, Matthew Aaron

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’sAshok K. Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s140) liters of virtual water (p. 15). This is one of the

  7. Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    liter of iodine solution. Store iodine solution in an amber bottle (photographic supply type) or a glass bottle with aluminum foil wrapper. The cap should be non metallic, as the solution will disintegrate

  8. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, July 2005, p. 41564159 Vol. 71, No. 7 0099-2240/05/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.71.7.41564159.2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, George

    or unexpected way. In order to address this issue, arrays of PCR products tar- geting each known open reading extract, 5 g NaCl per liter) or defined minimal MOPS (morpholinepropanesulfonic acid) medium supplemented with

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    storage capacity in the battery bank.     Liters of diesel c  = 6.5 at 25m, and a battery bank with a nominal capacity would be  stored in a battery bank, and could then be fed 

  10. On the Difficulty of Replicating Human Subjects Studies in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    a literal replication of a human subjects experiment that examined the relationship between a simple test: MISCELLANEOUS General Terms: Experimentation Keywords experience report, empirical, human subjects, replication with replication for experiments involving human subjects. Such experi- ments are increasingly important

  11. Characterization and CPDM modeling of volatile fatty acid fermentation with cotton gin trash and chicken manrure as substrates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Joseph

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    With literally tons of biomass produced annually, a process that uses this waste as a feedstock would help reduce the problem of disposal. The MixAlco process is one that does just that. It converts biomass through anaerobic fermentation...

  12. ITP Mining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Mining...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    walls. The brine is pumped to an evaporation pond. Submersible pumps are used, each pumping about 9,000 liters per minute. 5 As the liquid cools, the potash and salt crystals...

  13. COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM May 1999/Vol. 42, No. 5 51 Ask yourself whether your technology persuades users to do something you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    to amplify their persuasive ends, as when Adolf Hitler liter- ally amplified his voice using a megaphone Hitler's persuasion, on its own, it could not have persuaded anyone to do anything. Likewise

  14. alpha particle-emitting isotopes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -occur- ring radioactive isotopes such as uranium, and radium also have Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL and 25 picoCuries per liter (pCiL). Although activities were below the...

  15. Characterization and CPDM modeling of volatile fatty acid fermentation with cotton gin trash and chicken manrure as substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Joseph

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    With literally tons of biomass produced annually, a process that uses this waste as a feedstock would help reduce the problem of disposal. The MixAlco process is one that does just that. It converts biomass through anaerobic fermentation...

  16. Chemically stimulated behavior of the Hermit Crab Calcinus latens (Randall 1840) and the role of chemical signaling as a mode of sensory perception within the coral rubble habitat of Moorea, French Polynesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesias, Ilysa S.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    station via aerated plastic containers. Care at the Stationwere stored in individual plastic containers so as to aid instored in 2 Liter plastic containers with ample holes in the

  17. Investigating groundwater and surface water interactions using novel isotopes and geochemical tracers in the upper Merced River Basin, Sierra Nevada, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Glenn David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    collected in 125 HDPE plastic bottles, stored at 4 C°, and?D. One liter HDPE plastic bottles were used for collection2005, and 1 L HDPE plastic bottles, with PERAFILM sealing

  18. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from oil produc- tion and domestic consumption. Using dataoil revenues due to the introduction of biofuels by increasing domestic fuel consumptionon Gasoline Consumption OPEC U.S. cents per liter All Oil-

  19. Combining Low-Temperature Combustion with Lean-NOx Trap Yields...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    * Timing * Fuel Rail Pressure Mercedes 1.7L and Motoring Dyno Rapid Development System Turbo Waste Gate Electronic Throttle EEGR We're using a 1.7 liter common rail direct...

  20. Review of Diesel Emission Control Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    testing. LT cycle gives 160Cliter 210 kW turbo bus 10 An experimental method was developed that enables rapid evaluation of...

  1. Field Sampling Report -Water 2005 SFEI PRISM-Methods Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of aquatic toxicity by Pacific Eco-Risk (PER) (2 twenty-liter carboys). 2.2 Personnel The personnel and work transferred remaining samples to AMS in Livermore April 18, 2005 0800-1200 Mr. Salop shipped remaining samples

  2. Computationally Inspired Biotechnologies: Improved DNA Synthesis and Associative Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    -Correcting Codes & Vector-Quantization John H. Reif and Thom LaBean Computer Science Department Duke University #12 techniques can be applied at concentrations of about 5 grams of DNA per liter of water. #12;Killer

  3. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    they come to my house. Two FBI guys come to the door, andon the door, and they look like FBI guys, with the shoes andpeople with flash cameras. The FBI guys run away, literally.

  4. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biofuels_vision_2030_en.pdf 61. Eur. Biodiesel Board. 2011.What Is Biodiesel? http://www.ebb-eu.org/biodiesel.php 62.13–14 (ethanol); 4 (biodiesel) b b Liters/gigajoule

  5. Migration of saline solutions in variably saturated porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selker, John

    more than 4 million liters of highly saline solutions have leaked from radioactive waste storage tanks environments; it is uncommon for concentrations resulting from agrochemicals and other contaminants to 0169

  6. airway cell cultures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 151 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  7. ancient insect dna: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 149 Managing Turfgrass Insects of the...

  8. advanced cell culture: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 136 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  9. animal cell culture: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 149 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  10. attract insect vectors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 13 The attraction of entomophagous...

  11. arabidopsis cell culture: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 187 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  12. a549 cell cultures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 123 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  13. animal cell cultures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 149 75 Prostaglandins of the A Series...

  14. Vrme-och strmningsteknik / Thermal and flow engineering Massverfring & separationsteknik /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Värme- och strömningsteknik / Thermal and flow engineering Massöverföring & separationsteknik åtminstone 95%. #12;Värme- och strömningsteknik / Thermal and flow engineering Massöverföring in the vessel is 1 liter while for the gas the volume is 0.1 liter. The mass transfer is controlled by a mass

  15. General Physics I Exam 4 -Chs. 10,11,12 -Fluids, Waves, Sound Nov. 19, 2008 Name: Rec. Instr.: Rec. Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wysin, Gary

    of the solution? 3. (2) T F The bouyant force on a submerged empty 2.0-liter bottle is greater than the bouyant force on a floating empty 2.0-liter bottle. 4. (2) T F A boat floating on a river experiences no bouyant force. 5. (2) T F When an ice cube floating in a glass filled with water melts, some water will overflow

  16. Fate of a representative pharmaceutical in the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Audra; Jackson, Andrew

    to the build-up of resistance in microbial populations. Antibiotics enter the environment from a variety of sources including discharges from domestic wastewater treatment plants and pharmaceutical companies, runoff from animal feeding operations, infiltration... typically range from nanogram/liter (ng/L) to microgram/liter (mg/L); the consequences of their presence at these concentrations are unknown. The overall potential for antibiotic removal by biological and physiochemical treatment systems and simultaneous...

  17. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, M. M.; Satrio, J. A.; Brown, R. C.; Daugaard, D. E.; Hsu, D. D.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).

  18. Guidelines for 90% accuracy in zone isolation decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, D.D.; McGhee, B.F.; McGuire, J.A.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances in the logging industry are causing marked improvements in cement bond log recordings. New presentations of the travel time, amplitude and wave train measurements are increasing the reliability and effective use of cement bond log instrumentation. Examples show how these new presentations can be used more effectively. These presentations are especially adaptable to increasing effective use in hard formation applications. A completely new, uniquely fast and simple quantitative interpretation method has been developed. This new method is essentially a graphical solution which allows direct receiver outputs to be easily converted to percent bonded cement by acknowledging the logarithmic response of sound attenuation. This method is not affected by pipe size, weight, thickness, or cement compressive strength as long as they care constant. It is also adaptable to practically all logs run by the various service companies as long as presentations are maintained within guidelines discussed herein. It makes little difference whether the amplitude curve is recorded in millivolts, percentage, chart divisions, etc., again, with only minor restrictions. This interpretation method has been field tested for several years and results indicate that when cement bond logs are run within the guidelines presented, the decisions made have been over 90% successful.

  19. Fundamental measure theory for the electric double layer: implications for blue-energy harvesting and water desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Härtel; Mathijs Janssen; Sela Samin; René van Roij

    2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Capacitive mixing (CAPMIX) and capacitive deionization (CDI) are promising candidates for harvesting clean, renewable energy and for the energy efficient production of potable water, respectively. Both CAPMIX and CDI involve water-immersed porous carbon (supercapacitors) electrodes at voltages of the order of hundreds of millivolts, such that counter-ionic packing is important for the electric double layer (EDL) which forms near the surface of these porous materials. Thus, we propose a density functional theory (DFT) to model the EDL, where the White-Bear mark II fundamental measure theory functional is combined with a mean-field Coulombic and a mean spherical approximation-type correction to describe the interplay between dense packing and electrostatics, in good agreement with molecular dynamics simulations. We discuss the concentration-dependent potential rise due to changes in the chemical potential in capacitors in the context of an over-ideal theoretical description and its impact on energy harvesting and water desalination. Compared to less elaborate mean-field models our DFT calculations reveal a higher work output for blue-energy cycles and a higher energy demand for desalination cycles.

  20. Calculation of Transactinide Homolog Isotope Production Reactions Possible with the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moody, K J; Shaughnessy, D A; Gostic, J M

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The LLNL heavy element group has been investigating the chemical properties of the heaviest elements over the past several years. The properties of the transactinides (elements with Z > 103) are often unknown due to their low production rates and short half-lives, which require lengthy cyclotron irradiations in order to make enough atoms for statistically significant evaluations of their chemistry. In addition, automated chemical methods are often required to perform consistent and rapid chemical separations on the order of minutes for the duration of the experiment, which can last from weeks to months. Separation methods can include extraction chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction, or gas-phase chromatography. Before a lengthy transactinide experiment can be performed at an accelerator, a large amount of preparatory work must be done both to ensure the successful application of the chosen chemical system to the transactinide chemistry problem being addressed, and to evaluate the behavior of the lighter elemental homologs in the same chemical system. Since transactinide chemistry is literally performed on one single atom, its chemical properties cannot be determined from bulk chemical matrices, but instead must be inferred from the behavior of the lighter elements that occur in its chemical group and in those of its neighboring elements. By first studying the lighter group homologs in a particular chemical system, when the same system is applied to the transactinide element under investigation, its decay properties can be directly compared to those of the homologues, thereby allowing an inference of its own chemistry. The Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) includes a 1 MV Tandem accelerator, capable of accelerating light ions such as protons to energies of roughly 15 MeV. By using the CAMS beamline, tracers of transactinide homolog elements can be produced both for development of chemical systems and for evaluation of homolog chemical properties. CAMS also offers an environment for testing these systems 'online' by incorporating automated chemical systems into the beamline so that tracers can be created, transported, and chemically separated all on the shorter timescales required for transactinide experiments. Even though CAMS is limited in the types and energies of ions they can accelerate, there are still a wide variety of reactions that can be performed there with commercially available target materials. The half-lives of these isotopes vary over a range that could be used for both online chemistry (where shorter half-lives are required) and benchtop tracers studies (where longer lived isotopes are preferred). In this document, they present a summary of tracer production reactions that could be performed at CAMS, specifically for online, automated chemical studies. They are from chemical groups four through seven, 13, and 14, which would be appropriate for studies of elements 104-107, 113, and 114. Reactions were selected that had (a) commercially available target material, (b) half-lives long enough for transport from a target chamber to an automated chemistry system, and (c) cross-sections at CAMS available projectile energies that were large enough to produce enough atoms to result in a statistically relevant signal after losses for transport and chemistry were considered. In addition, the resulting product atoms had to decay with an observable gamma-ray using standard Ge gamma-ray detectors. The table includes calculations performed for both metal targets and their corresponding oxides.

  1. Calculation of shielding door thicknesses for radiation therapy facilities using the ITS Monte Carlo program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, P.J. (Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shielding calculations for door thicknesses for megavoltage radiotherapy facilities with mazes are generally straightforward. To simplify the calculations, the standard formalism adopts several approximations relating to the average beam path, scattering coefficients, and the mean energy of the spectrum of scattered radiation. To test the accuracy of these calculations, the Monte Carlo program, ITS, was applied to this problem by determining the dose and energy spectrum of the radiation at the door for 4- and 10-MV bremsstrahlung beams incident on a phantom at isocenter. This was performed for mazes, one termed 'standard' and the other a shorter maze where the primary beam is incident on the wall adjacent to the door. The peak of the photon-energy spectrum at the door was found to be the same for both types of maze, independent of primary beam energy, and also, in the case of the conventional maze, of the primary beam orientation. The spectrum was harder for the short maze and for 10 MV vs. 4 MV. The thickness of the lead door for a short maze configuration was 1.5 cm for 10 MV and 1.2 cm for 4 MV vs. approximately less than 1 mm for a conventional maze. For the conventional maze, the Monte Carlo calculation predicts the dose at the door to be lower than given by NCRP 49 and NCRP 51 by about a factor of 2 at 4 MV but to be the same at 10 MV. For the short maze, the Monte Carlo predicts the dose to be a factor of 3 lower for 4 MV and about a factor of 1.5 lower for 10 MV. Experimental results support the Monte Carlo findings for the short maze.

  2. Forward production of high-energy electrons from megavoltage photon beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, P.J.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forward production of high-energy electrons from materials with various atomic numbers from carbon to lead has been measured for megavoltage photon beams from 4- to 25-MV peak bremsstrahlung energy by placing a thin-window parallel-plate ionization chamber directly behind foils of the various materials. The relative forward production of electrons decreases with atomic number for energies less than or equal to10 MV until about Z = 50, after which it rises. For photon energies greater than or equal to15 MV, forward production increases with atomic number with a break point at Z--50, beyond which the curve becomes steeper.

  3. Alfonso X, Siete Partidas 2.21 De los caballeros

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craddock, Jerry R; Rodríguez-Velasco, Jesús

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nombrado senalado nombre asseyalat no seyalatto asseSegamjeto asse-ssegamjeto assesegamietoA-ssentar sse MV6 153v23 assetar se V10 81r28+ asentar=

  4. Topic 1: Basics of Power Systems A.H. MohsenianRad (U of T) 1Networking and Distributed Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    ) Transmission Lines Several Hundred Miles Switching Stations Transformers Circuit Breakers #12;Power Systems Grid 7 · Power Distribution: Medium Voltage (MV) Transmission Lines ( in Smart Grid 11 Nodes: Buses Links: Transmission Lines Generator Load #12;Power Grid Graph Representation

  5. Strong Room-temperature Negative Transconductance In An Axial...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a Si-based device. We characterize the NTC characteristics over a range of gate VG and drain VD voltages, finding that NTC persists down to VD –50 mV. The physical...

  6. Oak Ridge National Laboratory: Recent Accomplishments and Challenges...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ETTP ORNL Y-12 City of Oak Ridge www.energy.govEM ORNL Scope MV: MSRE Salt Drain Tanks * Bethel Valley D&D and RA scope - 160 facilities - Isotope processing...

  7. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

  8. Cdc7l1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toh, Gaik Theng; Masai, Hisao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    12. Montagnoli A, Tenca P, Sola F, Carpani D, Brotherton D,A, Rainoldi S, Sirtori FR, Sola F, Thieffine S, Tibolla M,V, Alzani R, Ciavolella A, Sola F, Molinari A, Volpi D,

  9. ComPAS'2013 : RenPar'21 / SympA'15/ CFSE'9 Grenoble, France, du 16 au 18 janvier 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MV, CSR 1. Introduction La simulation de réservoir (réserve naturelle d'hydrocarbures) est l d'ex- traction, de calculer le rendement en hydrocarbures et aussi d'expérimenter de nouvelles méth

  10. ComPAS'2013 : RenPar'21 / SympA'15/ CFSE'9 Grenoble, France, du 16 au 18 janvier 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MV, CSR 1. Introduction La simulation de réservoir (réserve naturelle d'hydrocarbures) est l'extrac- tion, de calculer le rendement en hydrocarbures et aussi d'expérimenter de nouvelles méthodes d

  11. Design and Analysis of Robust Variability-Aware SRAM to Predict Optimum Access-Time to Achieve Yield Enhancement in Future Nano-Scaled CMOS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samandari-Rad, Jeren

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and without V cc droop [143]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .change due to the voltage droop (the intentional loss inIt is shown that a voltage droop of 150mV from the supply

  12. Nanoscale SRAM Variability and Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toh, Seng Oon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to be caused by voltage droop in the power supply grid aseven with 300 mV of V CELL droop. Outliers with extremelycapacitance reduces the voltage droop on the bit-line that

  13. Defining a new vision for the retinoblastoma gene: report from the 3rd International Rb Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Seth M; Sage, Julien

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and chromatin structure by pRB: here, there and everywhere.screen links LATS2 and the pRB tumor suppressor. Genes DevMV: Combined inactivation of pRB and hippo pathways induces

  14. Better Buildings Alliance, Advanced Rooftop Unit Campaign: Rooftop Unit Measurement and Verification (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides facility managers and building owners an introduction to measurement and verification (M&V) methods to estimate energy and cost savings of rooftop units replacement or retrofit projects to estimate paybacks or to justify future projects.

  15. Data:0ff9d81d-4cdb-48b6-8016-6285002c39f3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode Wood Distribution 1.00 per pole per month. Wood Stand Alone 3.00 per pole per...

  16. Data:60eeb361-31df-413f-8756-c623e81520f5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lighting units Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode. Wood Distribution 1.00 per pole per month. Wood Stand Alone 3.00 per pole...

  17. Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rossum, Mark; Smith, Robert

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mammalian rods respond to single photons with a hyperpolarization of about 1 mV which is accompanied by continuous noise. Since the mammalian rod bipolar cell collects signals from 20-100 rods, the noise from the converging ...

  18. Annales Geophysicae (2005) 23: 101107 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Union 2005 Annales Geophysicae Pulsed energy storage antennas for ionospheric modification R. F. Wuerker to ± high voltages by a Tesla coil. Spark gap voltages of 0.4 MV (at the instant of spark gap closure) give

  19. Downside Risk Constraints and Currency Hedging in International Portfolios: the Asian and Late-2000 Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Ying

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    MV is the traditional method to treat international portfolio selection problems, which bases its theory on the assumption of Normal Distribution. However, during economy recession the portfolio return turns out to be a fat tail distribution...

  20. Development of new methodologies for evaluating the energy performance of new commercial buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Suwon

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of Measurement and Verification (M&V) of a new building continues to become more important because efficient design alone is often not sufficient to deliver an efficient building. Simulation models that are ...

  1. A chimeric measles virus with a lentiviral envelope replicates exclusively in CD4+/CCR5+ cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mourez, Thomas [Unite de Genomique Virale et Vaccination, CNRS URA 3015, Institut Pasteur, F-75015 Paris (France); APHP, GH Saint-Louis-Lariboisiere, Laboratoire de Bacteriologie-Virologie, F-75010 Paris (France); Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot, F-75010 Paris (France); Mesel-Lemoine, Mariana; Combredet, Chantal; Najburg, Valerie [Unite de Genomique Virale et Vaccination, CNRS URA 3015, Institut Pasteur, F-75015 Paris (France); Cayet, Nadege [Institut Pasteur, Plateforme de Microscopie Ultrastructurale, F-75015 Paris (France); Tangy, Frederic, E-mail: ftangy@pasteur.fr [Unite de Genomique Virale et Vaccination, CNRS URA 3015, Institut Pasteur, F-75015 Paris (France)

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We generated a replicating chimeric measles virus in which the hemagglutinin and fusion surface glycoproteins were replaced with the gp160 envelope glycoprotein of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac239). Based on a previously cloned live-attenuated Schwarz vaccine strain of measles virus (MV), this chimera was rescued at high titers using reverse genetics in CD4+ target cells. Cytopathic effect consisted in the presence of large cell aggregates evolving to form syncytia, as observed during SIV infection. The morphology of the chimeric virus was identical to that of the parent MV particles. The presence of SIV gp160 as the only envelope protein on chimeric particles surface altered the cell tropism of the new virus from CD46+ to CD4+ cells. Used as an HIV candidate vaccine, this MV/SIVenv chimeric virus would mimic transient HIV-like infection, benefiting both from HIV-like tropism and the capacity of MV to replicate in dendritic cells, macrophages and lymphocytes.

  2. Self Potential At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank Engineering...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    low SP anomalies. The anomalies had a minimum value of -268 mV. References Fairbank Engineering Ltd (2003) Phase I Report U.S. DOE GRED II Program Additional References Retrieved...

  3. Phoroc.hc,r,ii.\\tr!. trnd fhorohiok~y!~Vol. 34. pp. 775 to 793. 1981 Printed in Great Britain. All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    : diphenylcarbazide; E,: redox potential; Em:midpoint potential; EPR; electron paramag- netic resonance; f,: initial Chl a/b protein complex; MV: methyl viologen: MW: molecular weight: P680: PS I1 reaction center Chl u

  4. Biosensors from conjugated polyelectrolyte complexes , Xiong Gong*, Peter S. Heeger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    , (DNP-BS ), and positively charged methyl viologen (MV2 ). Use of the CNC minimizes nonspecific of the conjugated polymer produces changes in the luminescence, UV-visible absorption, or redox potential

  5. External proton beam analysis of plasma facing materials for magnetic confinement fusion applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Harold Salvadore

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 1.7MV tandem accelerator was reconstructed and refurbished for this thesis and for surface science applications at the Cambridge laboratory for accelerator study of surfaces (CLASS). At CLASS, an external proton beam ...

  6. Data:459587f3-b3f0-481b-93ae-3d2dbbd98132 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  7. Data:B07039f4-d42c-4fbc-8a2d-8c5e254a9102 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  8. Data:Da4e82de-d26c-463f-87b2-6afca4474640 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  9. Data:6deae6da-a9c1-4942-84e5-3ed62d3f2807 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  10. Data:0d952f22-72a5-4dea-918a-f9cde20e5481 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  11. Data:Ec6b2c66-7eaf-4334-8f4d-d1f81a4e3535 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  12. Data:95751d3f-b2bb-46c0-9950-b52b07b2d04d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20131101 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting MV...

  13. Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DePaolo, Donald

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sulfide and the removal of uranium lated subsurfacewithin the sustained removal of uranium. Current- context ofremoval of soluble contaminants, such as vicinity of the measurement electrodes; acetate 500 to 600 mV and were associated with uranium.

  14. DRAFT Measurement & Verification Guidelines Version 4.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  15. Introduction to Measurement and Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document offers an overview of why and how measurement and verification is conducted in super energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V plans and reports.

  16. Data:0ac74409-f2ac-4fb5-89ca-2b93352f3c66 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1b - 1000 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, mounted on metal or fiberglass columns and...

  17. Data:A193f29f-3d8f-4722-b411-17e0d8406bb2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1c - 175 watt MV - Washington Post Std. Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed post top type fixtures, mounted on metal or fiberglass...

  18. Data:Def61fa4-3ad9-42f2-89e9-f09fbbbeff8f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1a - 175 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, suspended from mast arms on wood poles and...

  19. Data:0bd66cfb-dc2f-4c39-a60a-d02a1621e89f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1b - 175 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, mounted on metal or fiberglass columns and...

  20. Data:3dee116c-33c8-4d0b-b7d5-3fa0f6a584eb | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1a - 400 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, suspended from mast arms on wood poles and...

  1. Data:A340ac6e-351a-41dc-ba1a-991cf2075f71 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1b - 175 watt MV - Fiberglass Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, mounted on metal or fiberglass columns and...

  2. Data:9b7c1ef3-263e-43a3-af18-a202350a5cfc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1a - 1000 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, suspended from mast arms on wood poles and...

  3. Data:A2668659-a8ce-4f0d-b299-ca08f4421f85 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: 20110315 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1b - 400 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, mounted on metal or fiberglass columns and...

  4. AMO FOA Targets Advanced Components for Next-Generation Electric...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to 20 million is now available to develop a new generation of energy efficient, high power density, high speed integrated MV drive systems for a wide variety of critical energy...

  5. Using Embryonic Stem Cells as a Novel Model to Compare the Toxicological Effects of Harm Reduction and Conventional Cigarette Smoke on Early Embryo Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Sabrina Chia-Chin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gynecol Scand 85, 675-81. 21. Hoffmann, D. , Djordjevic, M.V. & Hoffmann, I. (1997). The changing cigarette. PreventiveS. ; Gribaldo, L. ; Halder, M. ; Hoffmann, S. ; Roi, A. J. ;

  6. ORNL/TM 2004/294 Seeing Savings from an ESPC Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ............................................................................ 18 4.6 Summary of M&V Best Practices............................................................. 22 Savings from Utility Bill Analysis .............. 5 3.5 Resolution of Reduced Peak Demand from Utility 4.1 Risk and Responsibility Matrix

  7. Cultures of human tracheal gland cells of mucous or serous phenotype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkbeiner, Walter E.; Zlock, Lorna T.; Mehdi, Irum; Widdicombe, Jonathan H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    resistance and short- circuit current showed that both “of ?10 mV, and a short-circuit current (I sc , an index oftwo tracheas Figure 4. Short-circuit current records from

  8. ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF INDUCTANCE IN CLOCK DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xuchu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    10.1 Short circuit current of anpower inverter Short circuit current / mA Voltage / mV gin1sc2 sc3 Time (c) Short circuit currents Figure 10.1: Short

  9. Notch regulates the angiogenic response via induction of VEGFR-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funahashi, Yasuhiro; Shawber, Carrie J; Vorontchikhina, Marina; Sharma, Anshula; Outtz, Hasina H; Kitajewski, Jan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JK), (F31HL090032-01) (HHO), (5K01DK744629, R01CA136673) (Japan. Authors’ contributions YF, CJS, MV, AS and HHO.performed experiments; HHO, CJS and YF, analyzed results and

  10. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

  11. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY Green Bank, West Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY Green Bank, West Virginia Elec-xonics Division Internal Report 140 MV The battery voltage as a function of temperature was also measured. The voltage was extremely

  12. Plannin; Dtccmber Bv J o n a t h a n B a r i i r l l . i \\ M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    to call to tnind Allan Jacohs's 1993 maniksto for traditional street design. Great Streeti. In designating t MV.II Streets--part of APA's Great Places In America program--APA wa.s lining up with Allan lacohs

  13. FRESHWATER RUNOFF EFFECTS ON THE DIVERSITY AND COLONIZATION OF CORAL RUBBLE-INHABITING CRUSTACEAN MICROCOMMUNITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Nicholas K

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tus and conservation of South Pacif ic coral reefs. Proc.5th int. Coral Reef Congr. 6:509-513 Erdmann MV, Caldwell RLthe Seventh International Coral Reefs Symposium, Guam, 1992

  14. Data:B9ce6e0d-1a54-43b0-bb38-6e5e0eee81b0 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop, Inc Effective date: 20110922 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service -Steel or Fiberglass Pole - 175W M.V or 100 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Available to...

  15. Data:8bb0a864-64d6-4ffe-a726-888faafd39d8 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 100w mv(E and M), 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 100 watt(E...

  16. Data:Caae3ee7-ac64-400a-b41e-72b051525c14 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20090201 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 400 Watt MV 169 kWh (Steel Pole Overhead) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Source Parent:...

  17. Data:Fc2807b8-1936-4001-8cd6-2330a774adea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20110922 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service - Metered Steel or Fiberglass pole - 175W M.V or 100 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Available to...

  18. Data:80c199a3-2c12-4a03-b0a2-1ca5e3ae9497 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental,400w mv(E and M), 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 400 watt(E...

  19. Data:1daa5b81-96aa-4f0a-9abb-2e254c8cd2ba | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 700w mv(E and M), 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 700 watt(E...

  20. THE DESIGN OF AN Fe-12Mn-O.2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR LOW TEMPERATURE USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, S.-K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    62, p. 690. W. Jolley: J. Iron Steel Inst. , Feb. , 1968, V.V. 215, p. 2. J. Iron Steel Inst. , Mar. , 1958, Trans. M.v. 41, p. 1185. J. Iron Steel Inst. , Mar. , 1965, D. W.

  1. Data:0c6fda0a-a447-454d-8f1d-bb17820fe335 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Effective date: 20110922 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service - Unmetered Steel or Fiberglass Pole - 400W M.V or 400 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Available to...

  2. Data:0443327f-0f46-41dc-8b6e-ac36f2a21031 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 1000w mv(E and M), 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor(E and M)...

  3. Data:243fbc2a-b9af-4052-9aa7-03256b5aff6e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20110922 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service - Metered Steel or Fiberglass pole - 400W M.V or 400 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Available to...

  4. Data:0aee7131-b793-43b5-90fa-683118e2bd28 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    date: End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting ornamental, 250w mv(250), 30 ft steel pole Sector: Lighting Description: street lighting,ornamental mercury vapor 250 watt(E...

  5. Data:Db98df4f-f52c-4ef5-8d56-516dc5d87ae8 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Slash Pine Elec Member Corp Effective date: 19970201 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 400 Watt MV Security Light Sector:...

  6. Funding Opportunity: Next Generation Electric Machines: Megawatt...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MV integrated drive systems that leverage the benefits of state of the art power electronics (i.e., wide band gap devices) with energy efficient, high speed, direct drive,...

  7. Main Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    m Revolution frequency f0 271.554 kHz Revolution time T0 3.682 mu s Harmonic number htextrmrf 1296 Typical RF voltage V0 9.5 MV Typical synchronous...

  8. Measurement and Verification for Commissioning Projects: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemeier, K.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-IC-10/05-49 1 Measurement and Verification for Commissioning Projects: Challenges and Opportunities Kristin Heinemeier, Ph.D., P.E. Portland Energy Conservation, Inc., Sacramento CA Measurement and Verification (M&V) is a key...

  9. Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an example of M&V uses, the EIS Project Tracker module hasand then fixed Wal-Mart's EIS challenges are largelyindependent of the EIS technology itself. Submetering has

  10. Industrial Energy Efficiency Technical Review Guidelines and Best Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, N.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Methodology and Scope of Research: 1. Empirical analysis of reported energy savings at the application, reviewed (contracted), measurement and verification (M&V) and evaluation stages for multiple large or industrial incentive programs. a. Assess impact...

  11. Fine Tuning for Best-Value Super ESPC Deals Using the Responsibility...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    are paid by the party who caused the costs, or by the party who is responsible for that risk area. FINANCIAL FACTORS: Energy Prices, Construction Costs, M&V Costs, Delays, Changes...

  12. Technical note 12406 Alignment of Platform Three-circle X-ray Diffractometer General suggestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    shutter with SMART (or APEX) 19.) The GM meter should read a positive MV reading a. (negative if dual plug into the outlet 7.) Plug the dual plug into multi-meter 8.) Turn dial on multi-meter to 200mv DC volts (meter will read 0.0) 9.) Place Radiation meter below collimator on platform and turn on 10.) With the service key

  13. Pathways of viologen-mediated oxidation-reduction reactions across dihexadecyl phosphate bilayer membranes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patterson, B.C.; Hurst, J.K (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton (United States))

    1993-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmembrane reduction of methylviologen (N,N-dimethyl-4,4[prime]-bipyridinium, MV[sup 2+]) and several n-alkylmethyl analogs, i.e., N-alkyl-N[prime]-methyl-4,4[prime]-bipyridinium, (C[sub n]MV[sup 2+],n[le]10), entrapped within dihexadecyl phosphate (DHP) vesicles by S[sub 2]O[sub 4][sup 2[minus

  14. Electrochemistry and photocurrents of the tris(bipyridine)ruthenium(II) and methyl viologen cations immobilized in carrageenan hydrogel. [tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rillema, D.P.; Edwards, A.K. (Univ., of North Carolina, Charlotte (United States)); Perine, S.C.; Crumbliss, A.L. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States))

    1991-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure for immobilization of both a photochromophore, tris(2,2{prime}-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}), and a quencher, methyl viologen (MV{sup 2+}), within a carrageenan hydrogel matrix at an electrode surface is described. Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+} and MV{sup 2+} exhibited diffusion coefficients that ranged from 10{sup {minus} 7} to 10{sup {minus} 6} cm{sup 2}/s in the hydrogel, which represents an improvement over other immobilization matrices. Photolysis of the resulting hydrogel surface modified electrodes gave rise to a significant photocurrent which depended on the concentrations of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}, MV{sup 2+}, and triethanolamine and resulted in a maximum value of 12 {mu}A/cm{sup 2} after the hydrogel was cured with a solution containing 5 mM Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+} and 50 mM MV{sup 2+}. The photocurrent was the result of reoxidation of MV{sup +} at the electrode surface following reduction of MV{sup 2+} by photoexcited Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}. The quenching rate constant of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+} by MV{sup 2+} in the hydrogel was 4.2 {times} 10{sup 8} M{sup {minus}1} s{sup {minus}1}. The photocurrent action spectrum was consistent with Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+} acting as the photochromophore. Offsetting the potential of the hydrogel electrode verified the role of the MV{sup 2+}/{sup +} redox couple as the source of the current.

  15. Effective Implementation of "IPMVP Option C - Whole Building Measurement" Measurement and Verification Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, T.; Weaver, K.; Vaughn, K.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was the energy service company (ESCO) chosen by HHSC to implement the ESPC. The M&V plan is based on the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) Option C “Whole Building Measurement” and provides the methodology.../05-47 1 INTRODUCTION This document describes the Measurement and Verification (M&V) methodology for Phase One of the Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) energy savings performance contracting (ESPC) project. TAC-Tour Andover Controls...

  16. Reduction potentials of vesicle-bound viologens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yabin Lei; Hurst, J.K. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton (United States))

    1991-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamic reduction potentials have been determined by using spectroelectrochemical and cyclic voltammetric methods for a homologous series of amphiphilic ciologens (N-methyl-N{prime}-alkyl-4,4{prime}-bipyridinium ions, C{sub n}MV{sup 2+}) in a variety of media, including dihexadecyl phosphate (DHP), dioctadecylimethylammonium, and phosphatidylcholine small unilamellar vesicles. In general, potentials for both one-electron steps, i.e., C{sub n}MV{sup 2+} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup +} and C{sub n}MV{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup 0}, were insensitive to the alkyl chain length, which was varied over the range n = 6{minus}20. The single exception was a large decrease ({approximately}100 mV) in the first reduction potential for DHP-bound viologens when the chain length was increased from n = 10 to n = 12; this effect was attributed to a change in binding topography. The magnitudes of the reduction potentials were highly dependent upon the vesicle charge; the pattern observed indicated that interfacial electrostatic interactions between the surfactant headgroups and bipyridinium rings were the dominant factors determining the potentials. As discussed in the text, the data allow resolution of several heretofore puzzling observations concerning viologen reactivities in microphase suspensions.

  17. Sorbent Testing for Solidification of Organic Plutonium/Uranium Extraction Waste - Phase IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, J.L.; Joyce, H.O. [MSE Technology Applications, Inc., P.O. Box 4078, Butte, MT 59701 (United States); Holmes-Burns, H. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Building 705-3C, P.O. Box A, Aiken SC 29802 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is evaluating various sorbents to solidify and immobilize hazardous constituents of the organic fraction of plutonium/uranium extraction (PUREX) process waste at the Savannah River Site (SRS).[5] The purpose of the solidification is to provide a cost-effective alternative to incineration of the waste. Incineration at the Consolidated Incinerator Facility (CIF) at SRS is currently identified as the treatment technology for PUREX waste. However, the CIF is not in operation at this time, so SRS is interested in pursuing alternatives to incineration for treatment of this waste. The DOE Western Environmental Technology Office in Butte, MT was designated as the facility for conducting the sorbent testing and evaluation for the organic PUREX waste surrogate. MSE Technology Applications, Inc. tested and evaluated two clay and two polymer sorbents with the capability of solidifying organic PUREX waste. A surrogate organic PUREX waste recipe was utilized, and sorbents were tested and evaluated at bench-scale, 22-liter (5-gallon) scale, and 242-liter (55-gallon) scale. This paper presents experimental results evaluating four sorbent materials including: Imbiber Beads{sup TM} IMB230301-R, Nochar A610 Petrobond{sup TM}, Petroset II{sup TM}, and Petroset II Granular{sup TM}. Previous work at SRS indicated that these products could solidify organic PUREX waste on a bench scale [1]. The sorbents were evaluated using operational criteria and final wasteform properties. Operational criteria included: sorbent capacity; sorption rate; sorbent handling; and mixing requirements. Final wasteform evaluation properties included: ignitability; thermal stability; offgas generation, leachability tests and volumetric expansion. Bench-scale tests, 22-liter (5-gallon) tests, and initial 242-liter (55-gallon) tests are complete. This paper summarizes the results of the bench-scale, 22-liter (5-gallon) scale, and 242-liter (55-gallon) scale tests performed during FY05 with an aqueous/PUREX surrogate. (authors)

  18. Toxic species emissions from controlled combustion of selected paving asphalts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Carlos Luis

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table XIII. Gas Analysis Results for Material ACT-2 Using Method 1 . . . 46 Table XIV. Approximate Yield (liter/kg) of NOx from Materials AC-10A, AC-10B, AC-10C, AR4%-B, AR10%-B and AR18%-B 48 Table XV. Approximate Yield (liter/kg) of SO2 from... 53 LIST OF TABLES (Continued) Table XIX. Smoke Mass Results for Material AC-5B . . . Table XX. Smoke Mass Results for Material AR10%-B . . Table XXI. Coefficient of Variation for Materials AC-10A, AC-10B, AC-10C, AC-5B and AR10%-B. Table XXII...

  19. The influence of different concentrations of various salts on the germination and early seedling growth of a grain sorghum cultivar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunez, Jose Ramon

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    calcium level was set at one milliequivalent per liter and the high at ten milliequivalents per liter. Two controls, one at the high Ca level and one at the low Ca level without any salt, were also tested. A sand culture method using a modified... found to have a tremendous influence on the toxicity of the salts to the plant. The salts were highly toxic at the low Ca level and the toxicity was greatly reduced at the high Ca level. There was a marked increase in salt toxicity...

  20. A Chemical Study of the Grape Fruit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seibel, C. W.

    1913-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ., " 122. Proceedings of A. 0. A. C., * 132. Proceedings of A. 0. A. C , " 137. 1 A CHEMICAL STUDY OF THE GRAPE FRUIT it The Grape Fruit or Pomelo, as it is called, belongs to the family of Citrus Decumanas and is a native of the Malay Archipelago... is to be kept for some time, one- tenth gram of mercuric chloride per liter should be added, as the juice ferments quickly. Ten drops of a forty per cent solution of formaldehyde per liter were used and found insufficient to keep it. On fermenting, a light...

  1. Nuclear DNA content variation in Helianthus annus and the detection of repetitive DNA sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaelson, Martin Joseph

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This wes shaken at 140 rpm overnight at 37 C, and the bacteria were recovered by centrifugation at 10, 000Xg for 10 min at 4 C. The bacteria were resuspended in 10 ml sterile 0. 01 N and stored at 4 C. Petri dishes were poured using 10 g agarose per... liter of NZC medium, with each dish containing 30 ml of media. Dishes were used within 24 hr. Top agarose was made using 3 g agarose per liter of media. Use of agar in plates apparently interferes with restriction endonuclease activity on DNA isolated...

  2. The effects of silver ion on the growth, metabolism, and yield of Ipomoea batatas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, David Wayne

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2HH for the metallic receptor 2 site (13). Ethylene oxide (C HHO) may prevent certain 02HH responses (1), However, it appears to delay developmental processes by dsmag- ing tissue rather than acting as a competitive inhibitor of C2H4 (1). + Ag... of C2H~O cannot be reversed by C2H4. On the other hand, 02H40 can 'be toxic to plant tissue at concentrations of 2000 ul/liter. It appears to act as an C2Hh antagonist at concentrations of 500-1000 ul/liter. Abeles concludes aC2HhO is neither...

  3. Preliminary pilot plant design for the production of protein base chemicals and fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharia, Vijay Kalaram

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and sterilized in the large feed tank. Operations of the fermentors could thus be combined without interruption. The 1000-liter tank is fitted with a jacket for cooling and heating purposes. The tank is cylindrical in shape with dished heads at the top... chapter lists details of these units. The 130-liter tank is cylindrical with dished ends. The interior is of type 316 stainless steel. The vessel is, jacketed for cooling and heating purposes. The jacket is made of' type 304 stainless steel...

  4. The effect of preincubation environment and increased air exchange during late embryonic development on the hatchability of chicken eggs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tijerina-Gonzalez, Cesar A

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and oetract from their use as a field test cr for a large scale '-"'h testing program. Iroteins are anpholytes and can combine with botn acids and bases. ?roteins contain various ionizable groups' At low pH the carboxyl groups and phosphates... of approximately 342 mg. of dye per liter of buffer; for Orange G at a concentration of 275 to 300 g. per liter. Be val of ~rotein-d oc. . lex, Samples of fresh rav milk ranging in protein content i'rom 2, 52 to 4 . 45 per cent were treated vith the oyes...

  5. The effects of atmospheric sulfur dioxide and bisulfite containing solutions on four St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.)Kuntze) cultivars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amthor, Jeffrey Scott

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    canopy vertical growth rate (mm day ') of four St. Auoustineqrass cultivars (+SD). Effects of a 5-week (4 h day-', 5 days week ') exposure to 0. 20 ul liter ' SO, on stolon internode elongation (mm) of four St. Auqustinegrass cultivars (+SD) 23 24... following a 2 h exposure to 50 mM KHSO~, and mean visible injury ratings 20 h after fumiqation with 1. 0 ul liter ' SO, ( 10 h day ', 4 consecutive days) of four St. Augustineqrass cultivars 54 VI. Mean percent in, jury to leaf blade sections of four...

  6. Income over variable costs in a pasture based dairy industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Kenneth Robert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    farms according to past production levels relative to past quota assignment. Quota is lost if production falls below assignment for more than three payment periods (4 weeks per period) in a twelve month interval. Extra quota becomes available... herds. Parameter Units Physical Income/Expense Income Quota milk Manufacture milk Stock sales Other liters/month liters/month NA1 NA A$/month A$/month A$/month A$/month Inputs Milking cows Dry cows Replacements Land Labor Grain Hay...

  7. The electrochemical analysis of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate in solutions containing oilfield impurities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Michael Carl

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Princeton Applied Research Corp. (PAR) model 173 Potentiostat/Galvanostat fitted with a PAR model 376 Logarithmic Current Converter. The potentiostat was driven with a PAR model 175/99 Universal Programmer. The electrolyte cell was a 2 liter cylindrical.... 2). Potential vs. current curves were recorded on a Soltec Corp. ?BW-133 x-y recorder. General Procedure for Surfactant Anal sis Two liters of the solution to be analyzed containing NaC1 as a supporting electrolyte (0. 1 to 1. 0 M) and a known...

  8. CEBAF Upgrade: Cryomodule Performance And Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drury, Michael A.; Davis, G. Kirk; Hogan, John P.; Hovater, J. Curt; King, Lawrence; Marhauser, Frank; Park, HyeKyoung; Preble, Joe; Reece, Charles E.; Rimmer, Robert A.; Wang, Haipeng; Wiseman, Mark A.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged in the 12 GeV Upgrade Project. The goal of the 12 GeV Upgrade is a doubling of the available beam energy of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. This increase in beam energy will be due in large part to the addition of ten C100 cryomodules plus associated new RF in the CEBAF linacs. The C100 cryomodules are designed to deliver 100 MeV per installed cryomodule. Each C100 cryomodule is built around a string of eight seven-cell, electro-polished, superconducting RF cavities. While an average performance of 100MV per cryomodule is needed to achieve the overall 12 GeV beam energy goal, the actual performance goal for the cryomodules is an average energy gain of 108 MV to provide operational headroom. Cryomodule production started in December 2010. All ten of the C100 cryomodules are installed in the linac tunnels and are on schedule to complete commissioning by September 2013. Performance during Commissioning has ranged from 104 MV to 118 MV. In May, 2012 a test of an early C100 achieved 108 MV with full beam loading. This paper will discuss the performance of the C100 cryomodules along with operational challenges and lessons learned for future designs.

  9. Comparative Simulation Studies of Multipacting in Higher-Order-Mode Couplers of Superconducting RF Cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Y. M. [Peking University, Beijing (China); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Liu, Kexin [Peking University, Beijing (China); Geng, Rongli [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multipacting (MP) in higher-order-mode (HOM) couplers of the International Linear Collider (ILC) baseline cavity and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) 12 GeV upgrade cavity is studied by using the ACE3P suites, developed by the Advanced Computations Department at SLAC. For the ILC cavity HOM coupler, the simulation results show that resonant trajectories exist in three zones, corresponding to an accelerating gradient range of 0.6?1.6 MV/m, 21?34 MV/m, 32?35 MV/m, and > 40MV/m, respectively. For the CEBAF 12 GeV upgrade cavity HOM coupler, resonant trajectories exist in one zone, corresponding to an accelerating gradient range of 6?13 MV/m. Potential implications of these MP barriers are discussed in the context of future high energy pulsed as well as medium energy continuous wave (CW) accelerators based on superconducting radio frequency cavities. Frequency scaling of MP?s predicted in HOM couplers of the ILC, CBEAF upgrade, SNS and FLASH third harmonic cavity is given and found to be in good agreement with the analytical result based on the parallel plate model.

  10. Electrogenic and electroneutral pathways for methyl viologen-mediated transmembrane oxidation-reduction across dihexadecylphosphate vesicular membranes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lymar, S.V. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Portland, OR (United States) Inst. of Catalysis, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)); Hurst, J.K. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Portland, OR (United States))

    1994-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Two pathways for transmembrane reduction of dihexadecylphosphate (DHP) vesicle-entrapped Co(bpy)[sub 3][sup 3+] ion by photogenerated methyl viologen radical cation have been identified by quantitative evaluation of the reaction kinetics. One pathway involves electrogenic diffusion of MV[sup +] and the other electroneutral diffusion of MV[sup 0] across the bilayer. The pathways were clearly distinguished by the self-impeding character of the electrogenic reaction, which was progressively retarded as the membrane polarization increased, and by the net stoichiometry of viologen uptake accompanying transmembrane oxidation-reduction. The first-order rate constants for transmembrane diffusion of MV[sup +] and MV[sup 0] were estimated to be 2.7 x 10[sup [minus]2] s[sup [minus]1] and 1.1 x 10[sup 3] s[sup [minus]1], respectively, at 23[degree]C. The rate constant for MV[sup +] diffusion is identical to the value previously measured by [sup 14]C-isotopic labeling methods, and other kinetic parameters were consistent with thermodynamic data obtained from measurements of Donnan equilibria. 31 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Raman and surface-enhanced Raman study of asymmetrically substituted viologens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, T.; Cotton, T.M.; Hurst, J.K.; Thompson, D.H.P.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The normal Raman (NR), resonance Raman (RR), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) spectra of the three redox forms of several asymmetric viologens, N-octyl-N'-methylviologen (C/sub 8/MV), N-dodecyl-N'-methylviologen (C/sub 12/MV), and N-hexadecyl-N'-methylviologen (C/sub 16/MV), have been characterized and compared with the corresponding spectra of the three redox forms of methylviologen (MV). It was observed that the substituents of the two N atoms of the viologen do not affect its overall symmetry. Only the Raman bands near 1200 cm/sup /minus/1/, containing major contributions from the N-alkyl stretching vibrations, are affected by the asymmetric substitution. The RR spectra of both the monomer and dimer forms of the cation radicals were obtained by varying the experimental conditions used in their preparation. As previously observed for MV, dimerization of the asymmetric viologen radicals produces splitting of certain RR bands. Resonance Raman spectra of the fully reduced viologens were also obtained and used to monitor the disproportionation reaction between the dication and fully reduced form of the viologen. Surface-enhanced Raman and SERRS spectra of the different asymmetric viologens were found to vary slightly due to changes in their adsorption behavior with increasing chain length of the alkyl substituent.

  12. One-electron reduction of dihexadecyl phosphate vesicle bound viologens by dithionite ion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, D.H.P.; Barrette, W.C. Jr.; Hurst, J.K.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N-Methyl-N'-alkyl-4,4'-bipyridinium (C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/) ions bound to dihexadecyl phosphate vesicles are rapidly reduced to radical cations by S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/ in weakly alkaline solutions. For the short-chain viologens investigated (n = 1, 6, 8), the reaction obeys the rate law d(C/sub n/MV/sup +/)/dt = k(C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/)(S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/)/sup 1/2/. The measured rate constants were identical for preparations in which viologen was added to preformed vesicles and in which vesicles were formed in the presence of viologen, although in the latter systems 10-30% of the viologen was inaccessible to the reductant. For longer chain C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/ (n = 12, 14, 16, 18, 20), viologen radical formation was biphasic when binding was constrained to the external aqueous-vesicle interface, but it was triphasic when viologen was bound at both interfaces. Where determined, each step was first order in C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/ and half order in S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/; viologen radical yields were identical in vesicles prepared by either method. The results are interpreted to indicate the simultaneous existence of multiple binding domains for long-chain viologens within the vesicles. Possible structures and relationships to transmembrane redox pathways are briefly discussed.

  13. Poxvirus entry and membrane fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, Bernard [Laboratory of Viral Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0445 (United States)]. E-mail: bmoss@nih.gov

    2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of poxvirus entry and membrane fusion has been invigorated by new biochemical and microscopic findings that lead to the following conclusions: (1) the surface of the mature virion (MV), whether isolated from an infected cell or by disruption of the membrane wrapper of an extracellular virion, is comprised of a single lipid membrane embedded with non-glycosylated viral proteins; (2) the MV membrane fuses with the cell membrane, allowing the core to enter the cytoplasm and initiate gene expression; (3) fusion is mediated by a newly recognized group of viral protein components of the MV membrane, which are conserved in all members of the poxvirus family; (4) the latter MV entry/fusion proteins are required for cell to cell spread necessitating the disruption of the membrane wrapper of extracellular virions prior to fusion; and furthermore (5) the same group of MV entry/fusion proteins are required for virus-induced cell-cell fusion. Future research priorities include delineation of the roles of individual entry/fusion proteins and identification of cell receptors.

  14. NSTX Weekly Report (Mar. 12, 2010) FY 2010 NSTX plasma operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    . Emergency-stop, safety interlock, and coil protection system testing is in progress, and pre internal gas cooling system were pressure tested to study #12;their qualifications for possible use on the Parking Stands in the South High Bay. - Preparations for loading LITER units F1 and K1 are in progress

  15. 11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regolith, billions of gallons of water are available for harvesting by future astronauts. The image surface has to be processed to extract 1 liter (0.26 gallons) of water. Problem 1 ­ The radius of the moon11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and forth over the last 10 years as new data

  16. Haskins Laboratories Status Report on Speech Research 1994-1995, SR-119/120, 39-57

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awareness in Illiterates: Observations from Serbo-Croatian* Katerina Lukatela,t Claudia Carello,t Donald Shankweiler,t and Isabelle Y. Liberman Adult illiterate and semi-literate speakers of Serbo-Croatian were and morphology of the written language. Serbo-Croatian can be said to anchor one end of an orthographic depth

  17. The Queen's College: The Rev'd Dr George Westhaver 4 Before Lent, 9 Feb 2014, Amos 2.6-3end Eph 4.17-end

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capdeboscq, Yves

    , but also a time when great wealth and luxury existed alongside grinding poverty and perverted forms of the place ...3 there is not a stick of furniture, save the crazy-looking table and one broken chair with the intolerable smell. At a glance we take in the awful poverty, for literally 4 well, I have seen them 5 Perhaps

  18. Experimental effects of black brant herbivory and fecal addition on the eelgrass animal community in Humboldt Bay, California, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frimodig, Adam J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of literally thousands of PVC pipes in the bay. This studyThe entire block was surrounded by PVC poles placed at 0.8 mThe entire block was surrounded by PVC poles placed at 0.8 m

  19. Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Friction Reduction Testing and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine and pumping frictional losses on Volvo-Mack's 11 liter Diesel Engine. Thermocouples and pressure transducers use this rig in the future to quantify frictional losses and improve on the efficiency of their diesel

  20. A Search Engine for Natural Language Applications Michael J. Cafarella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Algorithms, Design, Experimentation, Performance Keywords Search engine, indexing, variables, query, corpus literally millions of queries to search engines, which can overload search engines, and limit both the speedA Search Engine for Natural Language Applications Michael J. Cafarella Department of Computer

  1. Class of 2003 Alumni Compass Project: GOAL 120 compasses = $4,800 Every Warnell student will need a compass for field measurements. Not only will a compass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    Class of 2003 Alumni Compass Project: GOAL 120 compasses = $4,800 Every Warnell student will need a compass for field measurements. Not only will a compass literally help each student find their way, a note would like to give a new student a compass when he or she enters the professional program, we would love

  2. Optimally Robust Private Information Retrieval Casey Devet Ian Goldberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the database. 1 Introduction and related work Private information retrieval (PIR) is a way for a client to look trivial download. The goal of PIR is to transmit less data while still protecting the privacy of the query. PIR is a fundamental building block for many proposed privacy-sensitive applications in the liter

  3. VAN ZORGE REPORT --SEPTEMBER 8, 2005 rofessor Jeffrey D. Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of people ourselves, and we know they represent hundreds of millions of people who are literally fighting on the planet. I think that it is accurate to say that about 8 million, possibly as many 10 or 11 million people those who are in positions of power to do something about it don't necessarily realise

  4. IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to people themselves. Instrumentation, in the form of smartphones, has put unprecedented power literally) everything is becoming instrumented with sensors and computational power; 2) the world is becoming systems that people rely on ­ cities, energy grids, food distribution chains, healthcare networks, banking

  5. CHBE 484 Solvent Recovery Project Group Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith Manager ­ Occupational Research & Safety University of British Columbia Ste. 50-2075 Wesbrook Mall laboratories, eight laboratories which use at least 50 liters each year were identified. Six laboratories% include narrowing the temperature range for distillation, using distillations in series, etc. Waste

  6. Many marine and freshwater species associate with floating objects (flotsam)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ecological research has been conducted with the assumption that floating objects, especially drift algae-based work exists, little research has been conducted on the develop- mental aspects of association behavior on 22 February. Four different types of flotsam were created in 30-liter polycarbonate tanks with water

  7. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science | Service | Stewardship Understand the earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World With NOAA 74 What You Will Need r Two empty two-liter plastic soda bottles r Tornado Tube plastic into the lower bottle as air simul- taneously bubbles up into the top bottle. The flow of water may come to a complete stop. Now, rapidly rotate the bottles in a horizontal circle a few times. Observe the formation

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - acwy conjugate vaccine Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W Renewables 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS 7'09 work of 2 horses for 25 hrs 6 x 6 m2 solar cell panel for 2 days... 1 (US) gallon 3.8 liter 37 kWh 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS...

  9. The effect of intramuscular and subcutaneous fat on the microbiological and sensory characteristics of pork loin chops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boxer, Mara Kaye

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    II, The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. , Akron, OH) . The PVC film had an oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of 6. 5 liters/m2/24h and a moistur e vapor tr ansmission rate (MVTR) of 341-419 g/m2/24h. The PVC wrapped chops were stored in a commercial...

  10. Botcoin: Monetizing Stolen Cycles Danny Yuxing Huang, Hitesh Dharmdasani, Sarah Meiklejohn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savage, Stefan

    stratospheric value of Bitcoin, miners with access to significant computational horsepower are literally recouped his investment in less than three weeks in early February 2013, and the value of a bitcoin has of botnets. We conduct the first comprehensive study of Bitcoin mining malware, and describe

  11. IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE 1608 Mt. View Rapid City, SD 57702 Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is commonly added to gasoline. In 1998, 11.9 billion liters of MTBE were produced in the U.S. MTBE has been detected frequently

  12. Math for Engineering Analysis I Problems for Chapter 12 1. Evaluate 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassen, Abdul

    + x)y + y = cos x c) y + y - x2 = 0. 20. (Mixing Problems) Suppose a brine containing 2 kg of salt per liter runs into a tank initially filled with 500 L of water containing 50 kg of salt. The brine enters

  13. Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion This report presents performance data for an anaerobic digestion system (at a 10-liter scale) utilizing corncob biochar as biofilm support. The system operated on grease-trap wastewater and high-rate anaerobic digestion of this material

  14. A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ Abstract pricing in electricity markets, thus extending the growing branch of liter- ature which describes power prices for electricity. We capture both the heavy-tailed nature of spot prices and the complex dependence

  15. TAKE-HOME EXP. # 2 A Calculation of the Circumference and Radius of the Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickett, Galen T.

    TAKE-HOME EXP. # 2 A Calculation of the Circumference and Radius of the Earth On two dates during the year, the geometric relationship of Earth to the Sun produces "equinox", a word literally meaning and sunset is approximately 12 hours everywhere on Earth. b) The Sun is directly overhead at noon

  16. Process for the reclamation of battery acid and fluid from expended lead-acid batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spitz, R.A.

    1990-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes a method for recycling contaminated sulfuric acid from lead acid batteries to reclaimed sulfuric acid fore reuse in the batteries by removing contaminating iron impurities. It comprises: diluting the contaminated sulfuric acid to a concentration between 150 and 230 grams per liter; filtering the sulfuric acid through a first filter means to remove solid impurities.

  17. Complex Medical Processes as Context for Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of the process into account. Consider, for example, the new generation of "smart" infusion pumps for intravenous administration of medications and fluids. Infusion pumps were in- troduced over 30 years ago as limited rate per hour to many liters per hour, and may have several channels infusing Department of Computer

  18. A-1 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Graphite Research Reactor BLIP Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer BMRR Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor Bq/L becquerel per liter BSA Brookhaven Science Associates Btu British thermal units CAA Clean Air Cs cesium CSF Central Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water Act CY calendar year DCA

  19. RESEARCHARTICLE Copyright 2014 American Scientific Publishers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    is Excellent for Production of Bioethanol and Xylitol Using Bacillus Strain 65S3 and Pseudomonas Strain CDS3 (CDS3) were found superior for bioethanol and xylitol production. Bioethanol output of 65S3 was as high that by 2020, the produc- tion of biofuels will skyrocket to 125 billion liters.4 Thus, bioethanol has become

  20. Visual Data Exploration and Analysis Panelists and Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and to gain understanding. Visualization is literally everywhere. Images are present in this report of greenhouse gas emissions are familiar examples of such unseeable phenomena. Over time, visualization from the visual language for depicting theoretical molecules or trends in the stock market. No single

  1. EERE Information Center 1-877-EERE-INFO (1-877-337-3463)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Powered Vehicles work? Hydrogen-powered vehicles use the same basic technology as gasoline-powered engines but run on hydrogen fuel instead. The buses in this project have a 6.8-liter supercharged Triton V-10 engine. Only modest design adjustments are needed to switch a basic gasoline-powered engine design to a hydrogen

  2. 252 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 32, NO. 2, JUNE 2009 Packaging of Surface Micromachined Thin Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Debjyoti

    temperature response under steady-state conditions. Index Terms--Interconnects, resistance arc welding, thin--In this paper, we report the packaging of thin film thermocouples (TFT) using resistance arc welding technique. Par- allel gap welding and spot welding have been reported in the liter- ature for attaching thin

  3. William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar Freight Railroad Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    fuel & alternatives (Btu's per gallon) Biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch syn fuel & DME Liquefied natural.2008 Billion US gallons = 27.258 Billion liters of diesel fuel equivalent * Ton-mile statistics from US DOT (importance v difficulties) North American freight RRs (defining characteristics) Energy density of diesel

  4. Climate Change Would Increase the Water Intensity of Irrigated Corn Rosa Dominguez-Faus,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    needed to comply with the Energy Independency and Security Act by 10%, from 94 to 102 trillion liters production in the U.S. is rapidly increasing after the adoption of the Energy Independence and Security Act. The interdependence between energy production and water resources has been emphasized in recent studies.4-12 When

  5. Sustainable Use of Resources Recycling of Sewage Treatment Plant Water in Concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    . The concrete industry is a significant contributor to air pollution and also a consumer of vast quantities widely used construction material in the world. Production of portland cement used in concrete produces is one of the largest water consuming industries. Approximately 150 liters of water is required per cu. m

  6. Quantification of thermophilic archaea and bacteria in a Nevada hot spring using fluorescent in situ hybridization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    in situ hybridization Abstract Previous studies of high temperature hot springs in Yellowstone National temperatures. The cells, which were concentrated from 300 liters of hot spring water through tangential flow dominate in high-temperature environments such as Yellowstone National Park. However, our study indicates

  7. Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, P.; Kelly, K.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

  8. NOAA, 2012 Climate Prediction Applications Science Workshop (CPASW), Climate Services for National Security Challenges: Abstract Submission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    @uga.edu Presentation Abstract: Last years an increase of interest in using ethanol produced from various plant sources; Shapouri and Salassi, 2006). The production of bio-ethanol in the USA has increased from 4.16 billion liters, of which 56.7 billion could consist of ethanol from maize starch (United States Department

  9. Jeffrey McDonough, Descartes' "Dioptrics" and "Optics" in The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon, ed. Larry Nolan (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), forthcoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonough, Jeffrey

    Jeffrey McDonough, Descartes' "Dioptrics" and "Optics" in The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon, ed' Dioptrics The Dioptrique, often translated as the Optics or, more literally, as the Dioptrics is one related to his work in optics. He was eventually persuaded to publish three essays highlighting some

  10. Green's Functions for Surface Waves in a Generic Velocity Structure by Victor C. Tsai and Sarun Atiganyanun*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short Note Green's Functions for Surface Waves in a Generic Velocity Structure by Victor C. Tsai displacement/stress eigenfunctions and Green's functions have been well established for many decades. However on frequency, or Green's function surface displacement. We address this gap in the liter- ature and here

  11. 20 LI B E R A L ED U C A T I O N SP R I N G 2008 HOW MUCH will global temperatures rise over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bralower, Timothy J.

    ecosystems? Will global warming cause hurricanes more powerful than Andrew and Katrina? What triggers, and the realization that issues such as global warming require action on the part of individuals as well, the literal collapse of eco- systems, and of course, global warming--to name the obvious. Global warming

  12. A method to hydrologically isolate water soluble wastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rooney, Daniel James

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A natural cover system with gravel used as a capillary barrier was designed and evaluated as a method to hydrologically isolate buried water soluble oil and gas wastes. Simulated cover systems were installed in 200 liter barrels and tested in a...

  13. PRB rail loadings shatter record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rail transport of coal in the Powder River Basin has expanded, with a record 2,197 trains loaded in a month. Arch Coal's Thunder basin mining complex has expanded by literally bridging the joint line railway. The dry fork mine has also celebrated its safety achievements. 4 photos.

  14. Chain elongation with reactor microbiomes: upgrading dilute ethanol to medium-chain carboxylates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    in 2011 and mandated another $60 billion liters of ethanol or ethanol-equivalent fuel by 2020 from distillation for corn and cellulosic ethanol.2,3 To circumvent fossil- fuel consumption for distillation-caproic acid. This chemical has twice the value of ethanol per carbon atom and is not only a fuel precursor

  15. HumanImpacts HYDROLOGY &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    runoff is the most accessible source and accounts for much of the water used for irrigation agriculture is already scarce. With population increasing by 3.2% each year and irrigation practices consuming upwards the good fortune of being situated at the headwaters of the Tigris-Euphrates River system, can literally

  16. PHYSICS IS THE LIBERAL ARTS OF HIGH TECH Physics for future presidents? Yes, that is a serious title. Energy, global warming,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    title. Energy, global warming, terrorism and counterterrorism, health, Internet, satellites, remote sensing, ICBMs and ABMs, DVDs and HDTVs: economic and political issues increas- ingly have a strong high is literate. Many children learn to read before kindergarten. Literacy in China is 84 percent according

  17. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Optimal Heavy Fuel Direct Injection analysis in a Rotary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Optimal Heavy Fuel Direct Injection analysis = Turbulent dissipation CFD = Computation Fluid Dynamics DPM = Discrete phase modeling DOE = Design objective of this computational study is to explore the optimum fuel injection for a 0.2 liter direct

  18. Factors affecting distribution patterns of chlorpyrifos and permethrin applied as termiticides to soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Philip Howard

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soil models in 190-liter containers were used to evaluate the effect of soil type (sandy, silty, and clay loams), soil moisture (25%, 50%, or 100% of field capacity), and rainfall (2.5, 5.0, or 15.0 cm) on the distribution patterns of termiticides...

  19. The retention and distribution of Salmonella typhimurium in the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Gary Lee

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of each module was filtered by a charcoal/oyster shell mixture (1 to 2) and decontaminated by two 30-watt germicidal (ultraviolet) lamps. After acclimation, the fish were transferred in groups of 12 to the 90 liter aquariums. To determine whether...

  20. Uncoveringthe legalrisksposedby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    in building an Asia-literate and language- capable nation that will be able to effectively take up couldstopasthma initstracks #12;How is the rise of Asia changing the world? Over the past decade, the scale 10 Asian countries with the majority coming from BUiLD as part of our mobility program to build

  1. Cruise Report 2004 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organics by Axys Analytical (100 liter solid phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 31 sitesCruise Report 2004 RMP Water Cruise July 12-23, 2004 A P P L I E D S C I E N C E S #12;CRUISE Report: 2004 Water Cruise July 12-23, 2004 Applied Marine Sciences, Inc. Page 2 1.0 INTRODUCTION

  2. Cruise Report 2009 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organics analysis by AXYS Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction) 22. Water dissolved samples from 22Cruise Report 2009 RMP Water Cruise August 23 ­ September 3, 2009 #12;CRUISE Report: 2009 Water activities associated with the annual Regional Monitoring Program for Water Quality in the San Francisco

  3. Cruise Report 2003 RMP Water Cruise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by Axys Analytical (100-liter solid phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 31 sites for analysis phase extraction). 2. Collect water samples from 3 sites for analysis of total PCDD/PCDF by FrontierCruise Report 2003 RMP Water Cruise 2003 CTR Dry Season Water Sampling August 5 - 15, 2003 A P P L

  4. Item # Item Description Unit Size Supplier # Supplier Name Price Busch Stockroom Product List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Item # Item Description Unit Size Supplier # Supplier Name Price Qty On Hand Last Price Update;Item # Item Description Unit Size Supplier # Supplier Name Price Qty On Hand Last Price Update BuschGas 1.00 3,559 03/20/2014 797 Oil Vacuum Pump - 1 Liter S41455 Fisher 9.48 0 03/27/2008 796 Oil Vacuum

  5. Meeting of The New York State Sustainability Education Working Group Syracuse Center of Excellence In Environmental and Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    In Environmental and Energy Systems 727 East Washington Street Syracuse, New York April 1, 2012 RECOMMENDED ACTIONMeeting of The New York State Sustainability Education Working Group Syracuse Center of Excellence STEPS The Goal: Every graduate of a New York college or university will be literate about how to live

  6. Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proulx, Viera K.

    Computer Science vs. Computer Literacy Which to Teach? Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science science', or just `computer literacy'. In this paper we argue that both computer science and a literate of effective computer literacy skills into traditional, programming based, computer science course

  7. The mechanical behavior of normally consolidated soils as a function of pore fluid salinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horan, Aiden James

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pore fluid salinities in the Gulf of Mexico area can reach levels of 250 grams of salt per liter of pore fluid (g/1). It is now necessary to determine the effect that this salinity level can play on the mechanical behaviors ...

  8. "Human Space Flight In a Whole New Context for a Whole New World"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    presence in space marks a first in human history. We have literally left our Earth- bound cradle. Our-Moon Lagrangian points are of increasing interest. These strategic rivers of the solar system provide locations for the viewing of the Moon's surface, including its far side, low energy access to its surface and to the other

  9. A review of "Donne and the Resources of Kind." by A. D. Cousins and Damien Grace eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham Roebuck

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and persuasive context for the sermon. This is historical scholarship at its best. Hill expands the work of Jeanne Shami on Donne?s ?double-edged? politics, repeating her admonition about reading the sermons: we don?t read poems literally; why do REVIEWS 35 so...

  10. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 86 (1994) 295-298 0927.7757/94/$07.00 0 1994 -Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granick, Steve

    in such applications as biocom- patibility, filtration, enhanced oil recovery, viscom- etry, lubrication, wastewater of the flow channel may be expressed as an effective hydrodynamic thickness (EHT). The liter- ature used as re- ceived; however, control experiments showed the same effects when the samples were

  11. FOCUS January 2001 1asdfghjk ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    a mouse sick." UV disinfection involves the generation of photons of light energy in the "germi- cidal purification on large scale. grade its water treatment to meet the new EPA regulations, would save literally been used in Europe for about 75 years, UV treatment of drinking water was intro- duced in this country

  12. MCM LTER METADATA FILE TITLE: Bacteria enumeration in lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priscu, John C.

    with a five-liter Niskin bottle during normal LTER limnological sampling. Sub-samples for bacteria enumeration are decanted into a 1 L amber Nalgene bottle. 18 mL bacteria samples are pipetted from the amber Nalgene bottle into new 20 ml glass scintillation vials for each depth. Bacteria samples are preserved by adding 0.5 ml

  13. WEATHER, p. 2 Volume 134, Number 45 Friday, October 10, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Chem- istry, a four-liter glass bottle of liquid hex- ane, which has a high evaporation rate at room temperature, was spilled on the third floor of the Dreyfus Building. "The spill oc- curred while the bottle and that the spill was contained to the area around the broken bottle. "Members of the Department of Chemistry

  14. FM006_r1_10_Material Request.doc 03/10/09 CNS Material Request Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to fill out the Form: 3.1. Complete Material Name: Chemical/material/product name that is on the bottle (i.2. Container Type & Size: how will material be brought into lab and how stored. For example, 4 liter glass bottle, 5 gram syringe, one gallon plastic ... 3.5. Proposed Date to Bring into Lab: What date do you

  15. DESCRIPTIVE TEXT SEA WATER INORGANIC CARBON DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    glass bottle, "Q" a 1 liter vitreous quartz bottle, "S" a 500 ml borosilicate glass bottle with a metal "bail" stopper closure, and "R" a 500 ml borosilicate glass bottle with a Rodaviss stopper closure. Additional one-time prefixes are "H" for 250 ml "HOT" program glass bottles (HAWI cruise, 12-1997), and "N

  16. ECONOMICS 220-507: ECONOMETRICS I Dr. Kusum Mundra Rutgers University, Newark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    1 ECONOMICS 220-507: ECONOMETRICS I Dr. Kusum Mundra Rutgers University, Newark Lectures: Th: 5 by appointment Phone: 973-353-5350 Email: kmundra@andromeda.rutgers.edu Aim Econometrics, literally "economic presents topics in econometrics including a review of the classical linear regression model and some

  17. UC's Ohio Eminent Scholars The Ohio Board of Regents recognizes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papautsky, Ian

    power systems will be recruited. John Dedman, PhD Cancer and Cell Biology (Medicine) Effie Gutmark, Ph are literally transforming the way we live, work and learn. Technology Transfer Invention Disclosures 2009 * inside UC and its affiliates* generated $378 million in research funding in 2009. #12;Sponsored Programs

  18. UC's Ohio Eminent Scholars The Ohio Board of Regents recognizes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papautsky, Ian

    power systems will be recruited. John Dedman, PhD Cancer and Cell Biology (Medicine) Effie Gutmark, Ph are literally transforming the way we live, work and learn. Technology Transfer Invention Disclosures 2008 * inside UC and its affiliates* generated $353 million in research funding in 2008. #12;Sponsored Programs

  19. Microfluidic cartridges preloaded with nanoliter plugs of reagents: an alternative to 96-well plates for screening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidic cartridges preloaded with nanoliter plugs of reagents: an alternative to 96-well equipment and techniques required to dispense nanoliter volumes of fluid. Plug-based microfluidics confines techniques that rely on microfluidic cartridges preloaded with nano- liter plugs of reagents. 96-Well plates

  20. Dave Karl, Daniela Bttjer, Tara Clemente, Steve Poulos, Sam Wilson, Karin Bjrkman and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    science and society · Coupled natural- human systems · Economics and sustainability · Education and public;NUTRIENTS + LIGHT = PHYTOPLANKTON · Oceanographic theory and prediction · Results from field experiments Take Home Message #12;Karl 2007 #12;20 liter scale field experiments #12;+ nutrients control · Add N

  1. MESA 2007MESA 2007MESA 2007MESA 2007 Panel :Before Nationalism: Land and Loyalty in the Middle EastPanel :Before Nationalism: Land and Loyalty in the Middle EastPanel :Before Nationalism: Land and Loyalty in the Middle EastPanel :Before Nationalism: Land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nationalism". The title of Baki Tezcan's article is "The developpement of the use of Kurdistan to the attribution of the name Kurdistan to a region of eastern Anatolia under relative ottoman domination. For instance Tezcan argues "that the geographical name Kurdistan, or the land of the Kurds (literally the place

  2. TD 609-Tutorial 1. Given the data in the lecture and an availability of 1000 cu.m. of water per person, prepare a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    is supported by a porous grid. A tap is opened which lets in water at Q liters/sec. The conductivityTD 609- Tutorial 1. Given the data in the lecture and an availability of 1000 cu.m. of water per person, prepare a food, energy and steel mix for each person of India. 2. A concrete drain of rectangular

  3. Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    174-1 Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry Tim Bowser FAPC Food Process Engineer FAPC-174 and Natural Resources Carbon footprinting in the food industry is an activity that determines the greenhouse.g. tons) of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent per functional unit (e.g. kg or liter of goods sold) (PAS2050

  4. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM grade 60 minutes+20 minutes/day for length of experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Point ! Brine Shrimp Eggs, 1 package (available at most pet stores) ! plastic containers in which to raise shrimp, 3-5 depending on experimental design (two-liter plastic bottles with top cut off work well ! small plastic dishes, one per student group (petri dish or other that fits under microscope lens) ! Eye

  5. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    for improved pedestal data while ensuring heat load on HHFW antenna is acceptable 4. Increase evaporation rate pulse-durations. High elongation + EFC + LITER have produced record poloidal beta and record low flux-consumption in NSTX. Further decreases in flux consumption are possible with increased non-inductive fraction and

  6. Selenium in Oklahoma ground water and soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atalay, A.; Vir Maggon, D.

    1991-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Selenium with a consumption of 2 liters per day (5). The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the concentrations of Se in Oklahoma ground water and soil samples. (2) to map the geographical distribution of Se species in Oklahoma. (3) to relate groundwater depth, pH and geology with concentration of Se.

  7. Selenium in Oklahoma ground water and soil. Quarterly report No. 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atalay, A.; Vir Maggon, D.

    1991-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Selenium with a consumption of 2 liters per day (5). The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the concentrations of Se in Oklahoma ground water and soil samples. (2) to map the geographical distribution of Se species in Oklahoma. (3) to relate groundwater depth, pH and geology with concentration of Se.

  8. Paradigms for Biomolecular Computation John H. Reif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    in weak solution in one liter of water can encode 10 7 to 10 8 tera­bytes, and we can perform massively parallel associative searches (see Baum [B95] and Reif and LaBean [RL00]) on these memories. \\Lambda of water can encode the state of about 10 18 processors, and since certain recombinant DNA operations can

  9. DNA-based Cryptography Ashish Gehani, Thomas H. LaBean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    DNA-based Cryptography Ashish Gehani, Thomas H. LaBean and John H. Reif 5th Annual DIMACS Meeting are applied at concentrations of 5 grams of DNA per liter of water. #12;DNA Data Bases: · A "wet" data base

  10. Massively Parallel Machines. BMC also has the potential to supply massive computational power. General use of BMC is to construct parallel machines where each processor's state is encoded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    such as parallel arithmetic. As we discuss in Section 2, DNA in weak solution in one liter of water can encode on these wet databases see Baum B95 and Reif and LaBean RL00 . Organization. In Section 1, we brie ydiscuss

  11. by: Amanda Martabano House, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM March 01 2008 Article # 10696

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Septicemia by: Amanda Martabano House, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM March 01 2008 Article # 10696 Everyone stimulate intestinal closure. The average foal requires 1-2 liters of colostrum for adequate passive of antibodies) level of 800 mg/dl or higher. Adequate passive transfer is not a guarantee the foal

  12. How Stochastic Network Calculus Concepts Help Green the Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    optimization techniques for hybrid PV/wind systems sizing have been proposed in the liter- ature [12 the feasibility of integrating solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines into the grid. To deal into the power system of an island off the coast of Southern California. Performance of the hybrid system under

  13. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Machine Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    : Normal plasma ops requirements - Sources A, B, and C at ~90kV. #12;OP-XMP-60 4 / 6 5. Sign off at run): Off Phasing: Duration (s): CHI: Off Bank capacitance (mF): LITER: On or Off (either way) Either: List gaps, , , heating, fuelling, etc. as appropriate. Accurately label the ske

  14. algal cell cultures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ..... . 5.1.5 Preparing 4 liters of IX medium 5.2 lOX Stocks: Preparation checklist. 5.3 Media... Summers, Max D.; Smith, Gale E. 1987-01-01 First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7...

  15. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Paying for Positive Group Esteem: How Inequity Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    , the United States is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Yet the United States toler- ates the highest rate of poverty in the "developed" world (Smeed- ing, Rainwater, & Burtless, 2002), and differences in financial privilege can literally mean the difference between life and death (Feagin & Mc

  16. Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile Catterina Ferreccio,1,2 Claudia- trations have since been reduced to 40 g/liter. We investi- gated the relation between lung cancer and arsenic in drinking water in northern Chile in a case-control study involving patients diagnosed with lung

  17. A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Petroleum and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Petroleum and Soybean-Based Lubricants S H E L I E A . M I L assessment examining soybean and petroleum-based lubricants is compiled using Monte Carlo analysis to assess in this paper suggests that such potential exists. Over two billion gallons (7.5 billion liters) of petroleum

  18. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 351359, 2004 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/4/351/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    aerosol vertical profiles available in the liter- ature. 1 Introduction Current global radiative balance scattering and absorption of solar radiation, and of an indi- rect (possibly larger) effect related to the aerosol capability of affecting cloud formation and radiative properties (e.g. Ramanathan et al., 2001

  19. Solicitation and Selection of Partner Projects, Technical Team Leads, and Measurement and Validation Contractors for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Funded Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP-2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nesse, Ronald J.; Baechler, Michael C.; Iverson, Megan M.

    2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 2010, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) joined two other labs receiving ARRA funding, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the National Renewable National Laboratory (NREL), to began weekly conference calls with the goal of coordinating a joint lab solicitation to support the ARRA-funded CBP project. Two solicitations were identified for: 1) new CBP Partners; 2) technical contractors to provide technical assistance and measurement and verification (M&V) contractors. The M&V contractors support the work by providing model reviews and conducting monitoring studies to verify building performance. This report documents the process used by the labs for the solicitations, and describes the process and outcomes for PNNL, selection of candidate Partners, technical teams, and M&V contractors.

  20. Performance of 3-cell Seamless Niobium cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kneisel, Peter K. [JLAB; Ciovati, Gianluigi [JLBA; Jelezov, I. [DESY, Hamburg; Singer, W. [DESY, Hamburg; Singer, X. [DESY, Hamburg

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last several months we have surface treated and cryogenically tested three TESLA-type 3-cell cavities, which had been manufactured at DESY as seamless assemblies by hydroforming. The cavities were completed at JLab with beam tube/flange assemblies. All three cavities performed very well after they had been post-purified with titanium at 1250C for 3 hrs. The cavities, two of which consisted of an end cell and 2 center cells and one was a center cell assembly, achieved gradients of Eacc = 32 MV/m, 34 MV/m and 35 MV/m without quenches. The performance was limited by the appearance of the “Q-drop” in the absence of field emission. This contribution reports about the various measurements undertaken with these cavities.