Sample records for linear programming formulation

  1. MIXED INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORMULATION ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 22, 2014 ... multi-commodity network flow problem with piecewise linear costs. ...... [82] IBM ILOG, CPLEX High-performance mathematical programming engine. .... Scheduling of Public Transport Urban Passenger Vehicle and Crew ...

  2. A several new mixed integer linear programming formulations for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    May 31, 2014 ... formulations for exploration of online social networks ... open control devices in order to minimize the overall search process of online.

  3. Decomposing Linear Programs for Parallel Solution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    �atalyürek, �mit V.

    Decomposing Linear Programs for Parallel Solution? Ali P nar, Umit V. Catalyurek, Cevdet Aykanat in the solution of Linear Programming (LP) problems with block angular constraint matrices has been exploited industrial applications and the advent of powerful computers have in- creased the users' ability to formulate

  4. Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yanqiu

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . An overlapping Schwarz preconditioner and a multigrid preconditioner for the discrete system are developed and analyzed. We start by introducing the mixed formulation (stress-displacement formulation) for the linear plane elasticity problem and its discretization...

  5. Optimization Online - A new mixed integer linear programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksandra Petrovic

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    May 22, 2014 ... ... networks introduced in Stanimirovi\\'c and Mi\\v{s}kovi\\'c (2012). This paper introduces a new mixed integer linear programming formulation for ...

  6. Linear Programming Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Linear Program to control air pollution was developed in 1968 by Teller, which minimized cost Fall 2006 #12;Topics · Introduction · Background · Air · Land · Water #12;Introduction · "The United States spends more than 2% of its gross domestic product on pollution control, and this is more than any

  7. EXACT REGULARIZATION OF LINEAR PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 26, 2005 ... optimization. An exact penalty formulation of a ... (convex) optimization problem. (

  8. Duality for Mixed-Integer Linear Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of duality for linear programs is well-developed and has been ... tended to mixed-integer linear programs, but this has proven difficult, in part because ...

  9. Application of linear programming redispatch technique to dynamic generation allocation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somuah, C.B. (Dept. of Electrical Engr., KFUPM, Dhahran 31261 (SA)); Khunaizi, N. (Saudi Consolidated Electric Co., In the Eastern Province, Dammam (SA))

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers dispatch problems that involve the allocation of system generation optimally among generating units while tracking a load curve and observing power rate limits of the units, system spinning reserve requirements and other security constraints. Two methods are used in the solution of the problem. The first method is quadratic programming technique combined with a linear programming redispatch technique. The latter utilizes a linear programming formulation of the dynamic dispatch problem about the base case static economic dispatch solution. Tests and computer results on 4 systems of different combinations of units and intervals are given to show the advantages of the techniques proposed.

  10. An Integer Programming Approach for Linear Programs with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear programs with joint probabilistic constraints (PCLP) are dif- ficult to solve ...... Stochastic optimization for operating chemical processes under uncertainty.

  11. Stochastic linear programming games with concave preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study stochastic linear programming games: a class of stochastic ... which include minimum cost spanning trees (Granot and Huberman 1981) as a special

  12. Decomposing Linear Programs for Parallel Solution ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    �atalyürek, �mit V.

    Decomposing Linear Programs for Parallel Solution ? Ali Pinar, ¨ Umit V. C¸ ataly¨urek, Cevdet in the solution of Linear Programming (LP) problems with block angular constraint matrices has been exploited with successful industrial applications and the advent of powerful computers have in­ creased the users' ability

  13. On linear programing approach to inventory control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    On linear programing approach to inventory control problems Zhu received his PhD from Wayne State with inventory control problems under the discounted criterion. The objective is to minimize the discounted total imbeds the inventory control problem into an infinite-dimensional linear program over a space of measures

  14. A linear program for testing local realism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew B. Elliott

    2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a linear program that is capable of determining whether a set of correlations can be captured by a local realistic model. If the correlations can be described by such a model, the linear program outputs a joint probability distribution that produces the given correlations. If the correlations cannot be described under the assumption of local realism, the program outputs a Bell inequality violated by the correlations.

  15. Mathematical programming approach to tighten a Big-M formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational results are presented in order to show that our ... original formulation of P managing the LI by using the branches yi = 1 and zi ? 0. However, linear .... Solution Property) we have v(Pk(M0,w)) ? ?zk ? M0k. Again, if. ?. Mk = ?zk ?k ... Our algorithms have been performed on a personal computer as follows:.

  16. Analysis of Copositive Optimization Based Linear Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    instances on which upper and lower bounds are exact at a finite level of the hierarchy, .... where r ? N, gives rise to a linear programming problem with O(nr+

  17. Lifted Linear Programming Martin Mladenov Babak Ahmadi Kristian Kersting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kersting, Kristian

    Lifted Linear Programming Martin Mladenov Babak Ahmadi Kristian Kersting Knowledge Discovery Lifted inference approaches have rendered large, previously intractable probabilistic in- ference- tuitively, given a linear program (LP), we em- ploy a lifted variant of Gaussian belief propa- gation (Ga

  18. SCIL --Symbolic Constraints in Integer Linear Programming \\Lambda Ernst Althaus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehlhorn, Kurt

    want short development time (= efficient use of human resources) and runtime efficiency (= efficient introduces symbolic constraints into branch­and­cut­and­price algorithms for integer linear programs for integer linear programming (ILP) and mixed integer linear programming (MILP) based on a branch­and­cut­and­price

  19. A new mixed integer linear programming formulation for one ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    lem of exploration of online social networks introduced in Stanimirovic and. Miškovic .... the overall search process of online social network. More precisely, in ...

  20. New computational approach for the linearized scalar potential formulation of the magnetostatic field problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bramble, J.H.; Pasciak, J.E.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The linearized scalar potential formulation of the magnetostatic field problem is considered. The approach involves a reformulation of the continuous problem as a parametric boundary problem. By the introduction of a spherical interface and the use of spherical harmonics, the infinite boundary condition can also be satisfied in the parametric framework. The reformulated problem is discretized by finite element techniques and a discrete parametric problem is solved by conjugate gradient iteration. This approach decouples the problem in that only standard Neumann type elliptic finite element systems on separate bounded domains need be solved. The boundary conditions at infinity and the interface conditions are satisfied during the boundary parametric iteration.

  1. Non-Linear Stochastic Fractional Programming Model of Financial ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    2. Charles, V. and Dutta, D., A method for solving linear stochastic fractional programming problem with mixed constraints, Acta Ciencia Indica, Vol. XXX M,. No.

  2. Optimization Online - Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Wagner

    2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 12, 2002 ... Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques for the Design of Protein Folding Potentials. Michael Wagner (mwagner ***at*** odu.edu)

  3. Linear Programming: Penn State Math 484 Lecture Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

    . Matrix Inverse 35 6. Solution of Linear Equations 37 7. Linear Combinations, Span, Linear Independence 39 Programs with Matlab 47 Chapter 4. Convex Sets, Functions and Cones and Polyhedral Theory 51 1. Convex Sets on the Graph of z. The level sets existing in R2 while the graph of z existing R3 . The level sets have been

  4. Comparison of open-source linear programming solvers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gearhart, Jared Lee; Adair, Kristin Lynn; Durfee, Justin D.; Jones, Katherine A.; Martin, Nathaniel; Detry, Richard Joseph

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When developing linear programming models, issues such as budget limitations, customer requirements, or licensing may preclude the use of commercial linear programming solvers. In such cases, one option is to use an open-source linear programming solver. A survey of linear programming tools was conducted to identify potential open-source solvers. From this survey, four open-source solvers were tested using a collection of linear programming test problems and the results were compared to IBM ILOG CPLEX Optimizer (CPLEX) [1], an industry standard. The solvers considered were: COIN-OR Linear Programming (CLP) [2], [3], GNU Linear Programming Kit (GLPK) [4], lp_solve [5] and Modular In-core Nonlinear Optimization System (MINOS) [6]. As no open-source solver outperforms CPLEX, this study demonstrates the power of commercial linear programming software. CLP was found to be the top performing open-source solver considered in terms of capability and speed. GLPK also performed well but cannot match the speed of CLP or CPLEX. lp_solve and MINOS were considerably slower and encountered issues when solving several test problems.

  5. Solutions of differential equations by linear programming techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saye, Jake Lee

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    . INTRODUCTION II. LINEAR PROGRAMMING General Discussion. Theory of Linear ProSrsmming. a Duality . The Simplex Method anA LP/90. III. LINEAR DIFFZREKTAL EQUATIONS. General Discussion. A Limital Solution to a Differential Equation IV. THE ~ PROGRAMING... be traced back much further. A study of mathematical game theory was initiated. in 1928 by Von Neumann. In 1944 Von Neumann and Morgenstern published the book, Theory of Games and. Economic Behavior which is an economic application of minimax theory...

  6. A polynomial projection algorithm for linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithm is based on a procedure whose input is a homogeneous system of linear ..... In this case s = 0 and the procedure sets the output vector yout to 0.

  7. Mathematical programming approach to tighten a Big-$M$ formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Crema

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 7, 2014 ... Category 1: Integer Programming. Citation: Escuela de Computación, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela (August,2014).

  8. Section Notes 5 Review of Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    3 Lecture 4: Convexity, Extreme points 3 4 Lecture 5: Primal Simplex 4 5 Lecture 6: Advanced Primal (LP) is an optimization problem that involves maximizing or minimizing a linear objective function, ..., Am form a square matrix that is invertible · Span ­ These vectors A1, ..., Am span the vector space

  9. A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Model for Optimizing the Scheduling and Assignment of Tank Farm Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Model for Optimizing the Scheduling and Assignment of Tank) formulation for the Tank Farm Operation Problem (TFOP), which involves simultaneous scheduling of continuous multi-product processing lines and the assignment of dedicated storage tanks to finished products

  10. Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming Mahmut Kandemir, Member hierarchies is closely related to the performance of the memory subsystem. Compiler optimizations aimed at improving cache locality are critical in realizing the performance potential of powerful processors

  11. PRICING ENERGY DERIVATIVES BY LINEAR PROGRAMMING: TOLLING AGREEMENT CONTRACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uryasev, Stanislav

    PRICING ENERGY DERIVATIVES BY LINEAR PROGRAMMING: TOLLING AGREEMENT CONTRACTS Valeriy Ryabchenko for pricing energy derivatives known as tolling agreement contracts. The pricing problem is reduced energy derivatives. The problem of pricing such contracts falls into the class of multiple optimal

  12. Approximate Linear Programming for Firstorder MDPs Scott Sanner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanner, Scott

    , the bounds that we derive for approximation error apply equally to all domain instantiations (i.eApproximate Linear Programming for First­order MDPs Scott Sanner University of Toronto Department

  13. On Programs with Linearly Ordered Multiple Preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeir, Dirk

    programs allows for the defeat of rules to resolve contradictions. We propose a refinement of these se, politics} N2 = {local, sports} N3 = {national, economy} N4 = {international, economy} . The redaction

  14. Sensitivity analysis in linear semi-infinite programming via partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Given a linear semi-infinite programming (LSIP) problem and a perturbation direction of the ... and, second, the recent paper [8], where conditions are given for the linearity. (not only on ...... and let x = xj. According to the final remark in Section.

  15. On Programs with Linearly Ordered Multiple Preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeir, Dirk

    programs allows for the defeat of rules to resolve contradictions. We propose a refinement of these se the following extended answer sets: N 1 = {local , politics} N 2 = {local , sports} N 3 = {national , economy} N 4 = {international , economy} . The redaction wishes to order them according to their preferences

  16. Optimization Online - Integer Programming Submissions - 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A several new mixed integer linear programming formulations for exploration ... and Sensitivity Analysis using Generalized Subadditive Generator Functions: A ...

  17. Representing the space of linear programs as a Grassmannian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 22, 2006 ... We will show that there are only a finite number of stable points. Thus ... linear programs as the space of projection matrices. ..... QA[x]2AT QT ...... There are many questions related to the implementation and efficiency of these ...

  18. Quadratic integer programming and a technique for selection of regression coefficients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coward, James Michael

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . ~. . . ~. . . . . . . . . 1 Programming Problems. Linear Programming. Non-Linear Programming. Integer Linear Programming. Quadratic Integer Programming . kpplication in Statistics 1 2 6 7 II. QUADRATIC INTEGER PROGRAMMING. . . . . . . 9 Formulation of the Quadratic... Integer Programming Problem. The Kunsi-Oettli Algorithm. Theoretical Development Numerical Examples. 9 1$ 15 21 III. ~ICATION IN REGRESSION JQIMYSIS. Formulation of the Regression Problem . . . $0 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55...

  19. Formation and Collapse of Nonaxisymmetric Protostellar Cores in Planar Magnetic Interstellar Clouds: Formulation of the Problem and Linear Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn E. Ciolek; Shantanu Basu

    2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate the problem of the formation and collapse of nonaxisymmetric protostellar cores in weakly ionized, self-gravitating, magnetic molecular clouds. In our formulation, molecular clouds are approximated as isothermal, thin (but with finite thickness) sheets. We present the governing dynamical equations for the multifluid system of neutral gas and ions, including ambipolar diffusion, and also a self-consistent treatment of thermal pressure, gravitational, and magnetic (pressure and tension) forces. The dimensionless free parameters characterizing model clouds are discussed. The response of cloud models to linear perturbations is also examined, with particular emphasis on length and time scales for the growth of gravitational instability in magnetically subcritical and supercritical clouds. We investigate their dependence on a cloud's initial mass-to-magnetic-flux ratio (normalized to the critical value for collapse), the dimensionless initial neutral-ion collision time, and also the relative external pressure exerted on a model cloud. Among our results, we find that nearly-critical model clouds have significantly larger characteristic instability lengthscales than do more distinctly sub- or supercritical models. Another result is that the effect of a greater external pressure is to reduce the critical lengthscale for instability. Numerical simulations showing the evolution of model clouds during the linear regime of evolution are also presented, and compared to the results of the dispersion analysis. They are found to be in agreement with the dispersion results, and confirm the dependence of the characteristic length and time scales on parameters such as the initial mass-to-flux ratio and relative external pressure.

  20. Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cardoso, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana; Ferrao, Paulo

    2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the introduction of stochastic linear programming into Operations DER-CAM, a tool used to obtain optimal operating schedules for a given microgrid under local economic and environmental conditions. This application follows previous work on optimal scheduling of a lithium-iron-phosphate battery given the output uncertainty of a 1 MW molten carbonate fuel cell. Both are in the Santa Rita Jail microgrid, located in Dublin, California. This fuel cell has proven unreliable, partially justifying the consideration of storage options. Several stochastic DER-CAM runs are executed to compare different scenarios to values obtained by a deterministic approach. Results indicate that using a stochastic approach provides a conservative yet more lucrative battery schedule. Lower expected energy bills result, given fuel cell outages, in potential savings exceeding 6percent.

  1. A Comparison of Software Packages for Verified Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Keil

    2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 11, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

  2. Global Inference for Sentence Compression: An Integer Linear Programming Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, James

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we develop models for sentence compression. This text rewriting task has recently attracted a lot of attention due to its relevance for applications (e.g., summarisation) and simple formulation by means ...

  3. Pseudocodewords of Linear Programming Decoding of 3-Dimensional Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosnes, Eirik; Amat, Alexandre Graell i

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we consider pseudocodewords of (relaxed) linear programming (LP) decoding of 3-dimensional turbo codes (3D-TCs), recently introduced by Berrou et al.. Here, we consider binary 3D-TCs while the original work of Berrou et al. considered double-binary codes. We present a relaxed LP decoder for 3D-TCs, which is an adaptation of the relaxed LP decoder for conventional turbo codes proposed by Feldman in his thesis. The vertices of this relaxed polytope are the pseudocodewords. We show that the support set of any pseudocodeword is a stopping set of iterative decoding of 3D-TCs using maximum a posteriori constituent decoders on the binary erasure channel. Furthermore, we present a numerical study of small block length 3D-TCs, which shows that typically the minimum pseudoweight (on the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel) is smaller than both the minimum distance and the stopping distance. In particular, we performed an exhaustive search over all interleaver pairs in the 3D-TC based on quadratic...

  4. A NEW POLYNOMIAL-TIME ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR PROGRAMMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Karmarkar

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new polynomial-time algorithm for linear programming. In the worst case, the algorithm requires O(tf'SL) arithmetic operations on O(L) bit numbers, where n is the number of variables and L is the number of bits in the input. The running,time of this algorithm is better than the ellipsoid algorithm by a factor of O(n~'~). We prove that given a polytope P and a strictly in-terior point a E P, there is a projective transformation of the space that maps P, a to P', a ' having the following property. The ratio of the radius of the smallest sphere with center a', containing P ' to the radius of the largest sphere with center a ' contained in P ' is O(n). The algorithm consists of repeated application of such projective transformations each followed by optimization over an inscribed sphere to create a sequence of points which converges to the optimal solution in poly-nomial time.

  5. Relaxations of Approximate Linear Programs for the Real Option Management of Commodity Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Relaxations of Approximate Linear Programs for the Real Option Management of Commodity Storage in practice. Focusing on commodity storage, we identify a deficiency of approximate linear programming, which their corresponding ALPs. Applied to existing natural gas storage instances, our ALP relaxations significantly

  6. Decoding Turbo-Like Codes via Linear Programming Jon Feldman David R. Karger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoding Turbo-Like Codes via Linear Programming Jon Feldman David R. Karger MIT Laboratory algorithm for decoding turbo-like codes based on linear programming. We prove that for the case of Repeat is the path corresponding to the original transmitted code word. 1 Introduction The introduction of turbo

  7. Designing AC Power Grids using Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Although our linearization forces the power loss to be zero, we can use a dif- ferent approach to sucessfully approximate the power loss. This model is way more.

  8. Calmness of linear programs under perturbations of all data ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    the nominal data, and not data in a neighborhood) for computing or estimating the calmness modulus of the optimal set (argmin) mapping in linear optimization

  9. A study of linear programming and methods for programming the simplex method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Warren Wallace

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques, Johns Hopkins Press, Maryland (1958). 8. Symonds, G. H. , Linear Programmin: The Solution of Refinin Problems, Esso Standard Oil Company, New York (1955). CM*R*h' 1 dW tth, ~tt-ot t Anal sis: An A praisal, Volume 18, Princeton University Press... of the Air Force organized a research group under the title Project SCOOP (Scientific Computation of Optimal Programs) ~ As a direct result of thts research project Dantzig devised the first system- t' p d 1*~ii tg g 11' p g ' gp gt . Tli new method...

  10. Non Linear Programming (NLP) Formulation for Quantitative Modeling of Protein Signal Transduction Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsos, Alexander

    Modeling of signal transduction pathways plays a major role in understanding cells' function and predicting cellular response. Mathematical formalisms based on a logic formalism are relatively simple but can describe how ...

  11. Linear Stochastic Fractional Programming with Sum-of-Probabilistic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractional Programming Problem with Mixed Constraints”, Acta Ciencia Indica,. Vol. XXX M, No. 3, pp 497-506. 11. Charles, V., and Dutta, D., “Extremization of ...

  12. Optimization Online - ADMM for Convex Quadratic Programs: Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arvind U. Raghunathan

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 8, 2015 ... Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the convergence of Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) on convex quadratic programs (QPs) ...

  13. Evolution of Biped Locomotion using Linear Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Krister

    of anthropomorphic bipedal loco- motion is addressed by means of artificial evolution using linear genetic model free evolution of bipedal gaits for a system with high number of degrees of freedom. 1, except when the robot is on a steep slope. Legged robots, on the contrary, lift their feet off the ground

  14. Solving Method for a Class of Bilevel Linear Programming based on ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper studies and designs an genetic algorithm (GA) of the bilevel linear program- ... function approach method from White and Anandalingam, Aiyoshi and Shimizu [17, 18, 19], etc. 3. .... If v1 and v2 crossover, then the final off-

  15. A Warm-Start Approach for Large-Scale Stochastic Linear Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Colombo

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 29, 2006 ... A Warm-Start Approach for Large-Scale Stochastic Linear Programs ... so that it can be seen as a structure-exploiting initial point generator.

  16. Analysis of Linear Programming Relaxations for a Class of Connectivity Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goemans, Michel X.

    We consider the analysis of linear programming (LP) relaxations for a class of connectivity problems. The central problem in the class is the survivable network design problem - the problem of designing a minimum cost ...

  17. Linear Program to Select Energy Conservation Projects in an Existing Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, J. Y.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear Programming is a mathematical optimization tool which has been widely used in the chemical and petrochemical industries for scheduling, product planning and utility system optimization. In an energy audit of a refinery or chemical plant...

  18. Numerical solutions of a system of partial differential equations by a linear programming technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musmaker, Patrick Louis

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF A SYSTEM OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS BY A LINEAR PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUE A Thesis By PATRICK LOUIS MUSMAKER Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1967 Major Subject: Mathematics NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF A SYSTEM OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS BY A LINEAR PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUE A Thesis By PATRICK LOUIS MUSMAKER Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Chairman...

  19. Optimizing well-stimulation treatment size using mixed integer linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picon Aranguren, Oscar

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPTIMIZING WELL-STIMULATION TREATMENT SIZE USING MIXED INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING A Thesis by OSCAR PICON ARANGUREN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2002 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering OPTIMIZING WELL-STIMULATION TREATMENT SIZE USING MIXED INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING A Thesis by OSCAR PICON ARANGUREN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  20. Data Envelopment Analysis: A Linear Programming Application to Measure the Relative Efficiencies of Internal Business Divisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shockley, Laura

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    that an A/E/C firm may want to evaluate include: 1. Customer Satisfaction Data Envelopment Analysis: A Linear Programming Application to Measure the Relative Efficiencies of Internal Business Divisions Laura Shockley 26 2. Percent Repeat Customer... the Relative Efficiencies of Internal Business Divisions Laura Shockley 1 Executive Summary Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a non-parametric linear programming model used to determine relative efficiencies of similar decision making units based...

  1. An Integer Linear Programming Approach to Product Software Release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    and Computing Sciences Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands www.cs.uu.nl #12;ISSN: 0924-3275 Department of Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University P.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12 Thesis Master program of Business Informatics Department of information & computing science Utrecht

  2. On the integer max-linear programming problem Peter Butkovic1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butkovic, Peter

    and the integer max-linear programming problem. In max-algebra, for a, b R = R {-}, we define a b = max(a, b to Elsevier July 22, 2013 #12;A two-sided max-linear system (TSS) is of the form Ax c = Bx d where A, B R m time, and give a method in this case. If f R n , then the function f(x) = fT x is called max

  3. The optimization of a function involving an integral by linear programming techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goeble, Harold Everett

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    feasible solution. Then (4. 9) becomes (4. 10) Maximize: M3 = 1317. 15x(t20) + [340u(t0) - 800v(t )] + [1268. 06u(t ) ? 3105. 43v(t ) ? . 2611D(t ) + . 2611S(tl)] + [591. 16u(t2) ? 1506. 82v(t2) ? . 1217D(t2) + . 1217S (t2) ] [ ( -20) ( 2(j) 3 ( 20... for a particular dynamic economics problem and to determine the effectiveness of the linear programming solution procedure. The linear program- ming approach to the Thompson-George model was suggested by Dr. Russell G. Thompson of Texas A&M...

  4. Application of linear programming methods to determine the best location of concrete dispatch plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong, Alexander

    Application of linear programming methods to determine the best location of concrete dispatch cement and concrete industry; "anybody can make concrete..... you just need cement, stone, sand, water the labor cost is so low, that for construction companies is cheaper to "handmade" their own concrete

  5. Pose Estimation of Object Categories in Videos Using Linear Programming Michele Fenzi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Pose Estimation of Object Categories in Videos Using Linear Programming Michele Fenzi1 , Laura Leal to consistently recover the pose of an object from a known class in a video se- quence. As individual poses estimated from monocular im- ages are rather noisy, we optimally aggregate pose evidence over all video

  6. Developmental Plasticity in Linear Genetic Programming Nicholas Freitag McPhee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poli, Riccardo

    Developmental Plasticity in Linear Genetic Programming Nicholas Freitag McPhee Division of Science numerous types of plasticity, where they respond both developmentally and behaviorally to environ- mental selection to act on these otherwise "invis- ible" genes. In contrast to biological plasticity, the vast

  7. Non-Linear Factor Model for Asset Selection using Multi Objective Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    and sensi- tivity to market movement. In [8], the interest rates, money growth, oil prices, and growth framework of the model. It was shown that the market exhibits evidence for nonlinear behaviour with effectsNon-Linear Factor Model for Asset Selection using Multi Objective Genetic Programming Ghada Hassan

  8. Solving the Double Digestion Problem as a MixedInteger Linear Program \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yin

    Solving the Double Digestion Problem as a Mixed­Integer Linear Program \\Lambda Zhijun Wu y and Yin Zhang z August, 2001 Abstract. The double digestion problem for DNA restriction mapping is known­scale double digestion problems. Key Words. DNA sequencing, restriction mapping, double digestion, NP

  9. The Lee-Yang and Polya-Schur Programs. I. Linear Operators Preserving Stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borcea, Julius

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1952 Lee and Yang proposed the program of analyzing phase transitions in terms of zeros of partition functions. Linear operators preserving non-vanishing properties are an essential tool in this program as well as various contexts in complex analysis, probability theory, combinatorics, matrix theory. We characterize all linear operators on finite or infinite-dimensional spaces of multivariate polynomials preserving the property of being non-vanishing when the variables are in prescribed open circular domains. In particular, this supersedes [7, 9] and solves the higher dimensional counterpart of a long-standing classification problem originating from classical works of Hermite, Laguerre, Hurwitz and Polya-Schur on univariate polynomials with such properties.

  10. Sporting Good Manufacturing Company: Optimal Manufacturing and Shipping Cost Through Linear Programming Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Ejaz

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 15: Example Transshipment Model.............................................................................. 18 vi List of Principal Symbols and Nomenclature SGMC Sporting Good Manufacturing Company LP Linear Programming CEO Chief... Executive Officer COO Chief Operation Officer PKR Pakistani Rupees EMGT Engineering Management O.F. Objective Function A i No. of bats manufactured in factory i; where i = k, l BB i No. of Stumps manufactured in factory i; where i = k, l C i No...

  11. Solving multi-stage stochastic mixed integer linear programs by the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, a numerical test on a real problem in energy market is provided. Keywords integer programming, stochastic programming, dual dynamic program- ming ...

  12. Linear Programming in the Community In this project, we aimed to help a food pantry service by selecting the optimal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong, Alexander

    Linear Programming in the Community In this project, we aimed to help a food pantry service other food pantry services, where they distribute food by packets, each containing about the same a lottery system. Unlike other community food services where they distribute only the food donated to them

  13. Using Linear Genetic Programming to Develop a C/C++ Simulation Model of a Waste Incinerator. Larry M Deschaine PE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Using Linear Genetic Programming to Develop a C/C++ Simulation Model of a Waste Incinerator. Larry incinerator accurately. Human expert written simulation models are used worldwide in a variety of industrial waste incinerator. This process is a difficult problem to model. Previously, in a well-conducted study

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced non-linear programming Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Geosciences 40 Fifth International Conference on Advanced Composite Materials in Bridges and Structures (ACMES-V) Winnipeg. Manitoba, Canada Summary: -dimensional linear and...

  15. Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    product maritime inventory routing problem is addressed in this paper by exploring the use of continuous formulation based on a discrete time representation for vacuum gas oil routing and inventory management. Song Yongheng1,2 and Ignacio E. Grossmann3 1 Institute of Process Control Eng., Department of Automation

  16. Bounding A Protein's Free Energy In Lattice Models Via Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Alantha

    in understanding protein structure prediction. In these models, a protein folds to maximize H-H contacts (minimize [4], abstracts the dominant force in protein folding: the hydrophobic interaction. The hydrophobicity of protein folding in the Hydro- phobic-Hydrophilic (HP) model. We formulate several di#11;erent integer

  17. Using Linear Programming to Construct Better Criteria for Closing the Detection Loophole in Epr Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James H. Bigelow

    2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    I formulate the problem of closing the detection loophole as a constrained optimization problem. Numerical methods can then be used to maximize the detector efficiency subject to the constraint that there exists a local realist explanation for the quantum correlations observed in the EPR experiment in question. Any detector efficiency larger than this maximum rules out all local realist explanations, and hence closes the detection loophole.

  18. Branch-and-Cut for Linear Programs with Overlapping SOS1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobias Fischer and Marc E. Pfetsch

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 1, 2015 ... are derived by a sequential lifting procedure of cover inequalities. ...... F.: Future paths for integer programming and links to artificial intelligence.

  19. Experiments in real time path planning for a small unmanned helicopter using mixed integer linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinos, Ioannis, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use mathematical programming to perform simulated and actual flight experiments with the MIT autonomous helicopter platform. The experimental platform mechanical hardware, avionics and software architecture are described. ...

  20. The application of bi-level non-linear programming to the aluminum industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholls, M.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a bi-level non-linear mathematical model of an aluminum smelter is described. The model is based on the Portland Aluminum smelter and aims at maximizing the aluminum production while minimizing the costs associated with the production of this maximum output. The model has two variables, the power input (kilo-Amperes) and the setting cycle (of the anode replacement). The solution algorithm, based on a grid search which enumerates the appropriate intersections of the resource and other constraints is then discussed. Additionally, some of the areas currently being developed, including sensitivity analysis and the incorporation of dependencies between some of the variables and coefficients are considered.

  1. EXTENDED FORMULATIONS FOR PACKING AND PARTITIONING ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The topic of this paper are extended formulations for these orbitopes, i.e., (sim- ple) linear descriptions of ... Extending over pages 18 to. 27, it hardly leaves (not

  2. 150-MW S-band klystron program at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprehn, D.; Caryotakis, G.; Phillips, R.M.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two S-Band klystrons operating at 150 MW have been designed, fabricated and tested at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) during the past two years for use in an experimental accelerator at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg, Germany. Both klystrons operate at the design power, 60 Hz repetition rate, 3 {micro}s pulsewidth, with an efficiency {gt} 40%, and agreement between the experimental results and simulations is excellent. The 535 kV, 700 A electron gun was tested by constructing a solenoidal focused beam stick which identified a source of oscillation, subsequently engineered out of the klystron guns. Design of the beam stick and the two klystrons is discussed, along with observation and suppression of spurious oscillations. Differences in design and the resulting performance of the Klystrons is emphasized.

  3. Inverse Stochastic Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    the objective is to schedule the production so as to deviate, in each period, as little as possible ..... We leave the exploration of the decomposition algorithms for future work. ... Principles on the Benefits of Manufacturing Process Flexibility,.

  4. Unifying set-copositive formulations of binary problems and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    by a factor less than two. Summarizing, the ... The conversion of the common formulations of binary programs was studied allowing for set- completely positive

  5. ON LINEAR PROGRAMS WITH LINEAR COMPLEMENTARITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Major Subject: Mathematical Sciences Approved by the Examining Committee of the Requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Major Subject: Mathematical Sciences The original . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2. THE LPCC AND ITS APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.1 The Value-At-Risk

  6. Reactive decontamination formulation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Giletto, Anthony (College Station, TX); White, William (College Station, TX); Cisar, Alan J. (Cypress, TX); Hitchens, G. Duncan (Bryan, TX); Fyffe, James (Bryan, TX)

    2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a universal decontamination formulation and method for detoxifying chemical warfare agents (CWA's) and biological warfare agents (BWA's) without producing any toxic by-products, as well as, decontaminating surfaces that have come into contact with these agents. The formulation includes a sorbent material or gel, a peroxide source, a peroxide activator, and a compound containing a mixture of KHSO.sub.5, KHSO.sub.4 and K.sub.2 SO.sub.4. The formulation is self-decontaminating and once dried can easily be wiped from the surface being decontaminated. A method for decontaminating a surface exposed to chemical or biological agents is also disclosed.

  7. Granulated decontamination formulations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A decontamination formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals. The formulation provides solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the chemical and biological compounds, particularly CW and BW compounds, susceptible to attack, and at least one reactive compound that serves to attack (and detoxify or kill) the compound. The formulation includes at least one solubilizing agent, a reactive compound, a sorbent additive, and water. A highly adsorbent sorbent additive (e.g., amorphous silica, sorbitol, mannitol, etc.) is used to "dry out" one or more liquid ingredients into a dry, free-flowing powder that has an extended shelf life, and is more convenient to handle and mix in the field.

  8. Quantization of general linear electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivera, Sergio; Schuller, Frederic P. [Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Am Muehlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    General linear electrodynamics allow for an arbitrary linear constitutive relation between the field strength 2-form and induction 2-form density if crucial hyperbolicity and energy conditions are satisfied, which render the theory predictive and physically interpretable. Taking into account the higher-order polynomial dispersion relation and associated causal structure of general linear electrodynamics, we carefully develop its Hamiltonian formulation from first principles. Canonical quantization of the resulting constrained system then results in a quantum vacuum which is sensitive to the constitutive tensor of the classical theory. As an application we calculate the Casimir effect in a birefringent linear optical medium.

  9. Optimization Online - Vector Space Decomposition for Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bertrand Gauthier

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 26, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper describes a vector space decomposition algorithmic framework for linear programming guided by dual feasibility ...

  10. Introduction Model Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gugat, Martin

    Two-Phase Flow Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand, Torsten M¨uller Department Mathematics Friedrich June 13th, 2011 Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand, Torsten M¨uller The Mathematics of Porous Media 2011 1 / 30 #12;Introduction Model Formulation Results Outline 1 Introduction Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand

  11. Formulation of PBX 9503

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stallings, T.L.; Osborn, A.G.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A formulation process was developed for the TATB/HMX/Kel-F composition, PBX 9503, on a 30-litre scale which yielded an acceptable product. Attempts to scale this process to larger reactors gave a non-homogeneous product and a mottled texture in pressed pellets of PBX 9503. This is believed due to less turbulent agitation in the larger reactors.

  12. Linearization Techniques for Controlled Piecewise Deterministic Markov Processes; Application to Zubov's Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goreac, Dan, E-mail: Dan.Goreac@univ-mlv.fr [Universite Paris-Est, LAMA, UMR8050 (France); Serea, Oana-Silvia [Univ. Perpignan Via Domitia, Laboratoire de Matheematiques et PhySique (France)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We aim at characterizing domains of attraction for controlled piecewise deterministic processes using an occupational measure formulation and Zubov's approach. Firstly, we provide linear programming (primal and dual) formulations of discounted, infinite horizon control problems for PDMPs. These formulations involve an infinite-dimensional set of probability measures and are obtained using viscosity solutions theory. Secondly, these tools allow to construct stabilizing measures and to avoid the assumption of stability under concatenation for controls. The domain of controllability is then characterized as some level set of a convenient solution of the associated Hamilton-Jacobi integral-differential equation. The theoretical results are applied to PDMPs associated to stochastic gene networks. Explicit computations are given for Cook's model for gene expression.

  13. Lattice based extended formulations for integer linear equality systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 12, 2007 ... Q and a vector x0 as described in Section 1.1, and derive matrices P and M as described in Section 4.1. The integer knapsack instances were ...

  14. Parallel solution of linear programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Edmund

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The factors limiting the performance of computer software periodically undergo sudden shifts, resulting from technological progress, and these shifts can have profound implications for the design of high performance codes. ...

  15. Decomposition in Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    vector of multipliers ˆu that yield the largest bound are called optimal (dual) multipliers. It is easy to see that ..... Let us now return to the TSP example to further explore the use of the price and cut method. ... This shows the additional power of price and cut over the ...... Plant location with minimum inventory. Mathematical.

  16. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  17. On extreme Bosonic linear channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Holevo

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The set of all channels with fixed input and output is convex. We first give a convenient formulation of necessary and sufficient condition for a channel to be extreme point of this set in terms of complementary channel, a notion of big importance in quantum information theory. This formulation is based on the general approach to extremality of completely positive maps in an operator algebra due to Arveson. We then apply this formulation to prove the main result of this note: under certain nondegeneracy conditions, purity of the environment is necessary and sufficient for extremality of Bosonic linear (quasi-free) channel. It follows that Gaussian channel between finite-mode Bosonic systems is extreme if and only if it has minimal noise.

  18. Optimization Online - Analysis of mixed integer programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiago Henrique Nogueira

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 15, 2014 ... Analysis of mixed integer programming formulations for single machine scheduling problems with sequence dependent setup times and ...

  19. Ordinals and Interactive Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Peter

    have much to contribute to the theory of programming. This has indeed turned out to be the case. Various technologies developed in proof theory are now widely used in computer science for formulating and investigating programming languages and logics...

  20. A Linear Storage-Retrieval Policy for Robust Warehouse Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus Ang

    2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 10, 2008 ... A Linear Storage-Retrieval Policy for Robust Warehouse Management ... Keywords: Dynamic programming, Transportation, Materials handling, ...

  1. Generalized harmonic formulation in spherical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny Sorkin; Matthew W. Choptuik

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this pedagogically structured article, we describe a generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations in spherical symmetry which is regular at the origin. The generalized harmonic approach has attracted significant attention in numerical relativity over the past few years, especially as applied to the problem of binary inspiral and merger. A key issue when using the technique is the choice of the gauge source functions, and recent work has provided several prescriptions for gauge drivers designed to evolve these functions in a controlled way. We numerically investigate the parameter spaces of some of these drivers in the context of fully non-linear collapse of a real, massless scalar field, and determine nearly optimal parameter settings for specific situations. Surprisingly, we find that many of the drivers that perform well in 3+1 calculations that use Cartesian coordinates, are considerably less effective in spherical symmetry, where some of them are, in fact, unstable.

  2. DOE CALiPER Program, Report 21.2: Linear (T8) LED Lamp Performance in Five Types of Recessed Troffers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Perrin, Tess E.; Royer, Michael P.; Wilkerson, Andrea M.; Beeson, Tracy A.

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Although lensed troffers are numerous, there are many other types of optical systems as well. This report looked at the performance of three linear (T8) LED lamps chosen primarily based on their luminous intensity distributions (narrow, medium, and wide beam angles) as well as a benchmark fluorescent lamp in five different troffer types. Also included are the results of a subjective evaluation. Results show that linear (T8) LED lamps can improve luminaire efficiency in K12-lensed and parabolic-louvered troffers, effect little change in volumetric and high-performance diffuse-lensed type luminaires, but reduce efficiency in recessed indirect troffers. These changes can be accompanied by visual appearance and visual comfort consequences, especially when LED lamps with clear lenses and narrow distributions are installed. Linear (T8) LED lamps with diffuse apertures exhibited wider beam angles, performed more similarly to fluorescent lamps, and received better ratings from observers. Guidance is provided on which luminaires are the best candidates for retrofitting with linear (T8) LED lamps.

  3. Decontamination formulation with sorbent additive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker; Mark D. (Albuquerque, NM), Comstock; Robert H. (Gardendale, AL)

    2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A decontamination formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals. The formulation provides solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the chemical and biological compounds, particularly CW and BW compounds, susceptible to attack, and at least one reactive compound that serves to attack (and detoxify or kill) the compound. The formulation includes at least one solubilizing agent, a reactive compound, a bleaching activator, a sorbent additive, and water. The highly adsorbent, water-soluble sorbent additive (e.g., sorbitol or mannitol) is used to "dry out" one or more liquid ingredients, such as the liquid bleaching activator (e.g., propylene glycol diacetate or glycerol diacetate) and convert the activator into a dry, free-flowing powder that has an extended shelf life, and is more convenient to handle and mix in the field.

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminium hydroxide formulation Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 21 UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING Summary: Phase method. 8 marks (b) Formulate the dual problem and use the solution obtained in (a)...

  5. Positrons for linear colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecklund, S.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The requirements of a positron source for a linear collider are briefly reviewed, followed by methods of positron production and production of photons by electromagnetic cascade showers. Cross sections for the electromagnetic cascade shower processes of positron-electron pair production and Compton scattering are compared. A program used for Monte Carlo analysis of electromagnetic cascades is briefly discussed, and positron distributions obtained from several runs of the program are discussed. Photons from synchrotron radiation and from channeling are also mentioned briefly, as well as positron collection, transverse focusing techniques, and longitudinal capture. Computer ray tracing is then briefly discussed, followed by space-charge effects and thermal heating and stress due to showers. (LEW)

  6. Applications of linear and nonlinear programming to the problems of curve fitting with special emphasis on a problem in activation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, Bernard H

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ E 1 5 ~ 8 ) FORMAT(12HAI MATRIX ~ I+o I I/5Xo2H I o5X ~ 6HXP100 ~ 10X ~ 2H" ~ & FORMAT (9HQ MATR IXo o I 1 o I HO&o 11 ) FORMAT(6Xo 2HQRo I I o3X ~ 2HXP ~ I 3 oEI 5 ~ 8) FORMAT(9HB VECTORS o 11) FORMAT(5X ~ 2H lo21X ~ 2HO ~ 86X ~ 4HA2R2o IBXo2HO..., there must be available the spectra 5 of each of the components present in the mixture. The possible presence of compounds not in the library spectrum and measurement errors gives a set of linear inequalities: a. x & b ] = l, 2~ i. ~ ~ m E i] 1? i~i (2...

  7. A Catalog of Steinger Tress Formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goemans, Michel X.

    We present some existing and some new formulations for the Steiner tree and Steiner arborescence problems. We show the equivalence of many of these formulations. In particular, we establish the equivalence between the ...

  8. Formulation and Development of Recombinant Protein Vaccines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Brooke Shellaine

    2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluating the working formulation in an animal model to establish dose dependency and the effect of the adjuvant. Finally, accelerated and real-time stability studies are being completed, and the formulations adjusted accordingly....

  9. Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici Formule di Newton-Cotes composte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demeio, Lucio

    Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici Formule di Newton-Cotes composte Metodo di-Cotes composte Metodo di Romberg 1 Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici 2 Formule di Newton-Cotes composte 3 Metodo di Romberg Lucio Demeio Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche Analisi Numerica #12

  10. affirmative action program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    programming Air pollution modeling: proportional rollback, Gaussian transport, emissions trading Location of waste disposal facilities, integer linear programming Dissolved...

  11. Risk-Averse Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Václav Kozmík

    2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 26, 2013 ... Abstract: We formulate a risk-averse multi-stage stochastic program using conditional value at risk as the risk measure. The underlying random ...

  12. Outcome-Space Outer Approximation Algorithm for Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 20, 2007 ... This paper presents an outcome-space outer approximation algo- rithm for globally solving the linear multiplicative programming prob- lem.

  13. Flow routing with unknown rating curves using a state-space reservoir-cascade-type formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Jozsef Szilagyi*,1 , Gabor Balint, Balazs Gauzer, Peter Bartha National Hydrological Forecasting Center. Szilagyi). 1 On leave from the Conservation and Survey Division, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 113) and Szilagyi (2003), respectively, both in a state-space formulation. The state-space description of the linear

  14. apprenticeship program final: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to and screened Jun, Suckjoon 15 Stanford Geothermal Program Final Report Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Linear Programming1 Stanford Geothermal Program Final Report July...

  15. assessment program final: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Stanford Geothermal Program Final Report Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Linear Programming1 Stanford Geothermal Program Final Report July...

  16. Linear Programming Algorithms for Sparse Filter Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baran, Thomas A.

    In designing discrete-time filters, the length of the impulse response is often used as an indication of computational cost. In systems where the complexity is dominated by arithmetic operations, the number of nonzero ...

  17. Apprentice Program: Linear Algebra Instructor: Miklos Abert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babai, László

    is the dot product of the ith row of A with the jth column of B. In particular, if n = 1 and m = 1 (i.e., A is a row vector and B is a column vector) then AB is simply the dot product of A and B. The set of all n number (written (i j) in cycle notation) is called a transposition. Consider now the bubble sort

  18. SDDP FOR MULTISTAGE STOCHASTIC LINEAR PROGRAMS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    stochastic uncertainty in engineering, transportation, finance and energy. ...... Energy. Springer, New York, 2011. [4] J. Cotter and K. Dowd. Extreme spectral risk ...

  19. Shrink-Wrapping trajectories for Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    May 30, 2010 ... For a given method, of particular theoretical and practical interest is .... pre and post-multiplying A ? ?B by inverse Cholesky factors of B or ?B. ..... sufficiently small d1,d2 the boundary assumes hyperbolic shape, in particular,.

  20. Linear Programming Lower Bounds for Minimum Converter ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of an optical network design consists of the cost of the installed equipment. ..... multiple (parallel) links (if no parallel links are allowed, this can be avoided by ...

  1. New linear and positive semidefinite programming based ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ... email:peter.dickinson@univie.ac.at. †Faculty of Information Studies in Novo Mesto, Ulica talcev 3, 8000 Novo Mesto, Slovenia. email:janez.povh@fis.unm.si. 1 ...

  2. Polynomial Approximations for Continuous Linear Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    first studied by Bellman [5] to model economic processes, but they have also applications in various areas of engineering and management science such as.

  3. Iterative Estimation Maximization for Stochastic Linear Programs ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the performance of IEM from a column generation point of view ...... To generate the whole frontier, we add the following constraint to Model (M4).

  4. A computer program for linear models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zerbe, Manfred Rudolf

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    II Z J 8 UJ 0 IU 4- IA Z a 0 IA IU K 2 O 0 Z IZ ?aa C w a 4IOO I- XVV ' ~ V ?I 2 2 J J 58 IL IU 4 4 0 0 4J UJ IU e VJ z UJ e V Z Z J W E 4 ll X RUJW ?I Vl I- I- VI ~ Z V UJ cl cl ZZ aa w V4JRZZ cl 0 ?LIL VV ZZ &I- IUIL a Vl IUW Ww... V I I 0 R H I-I 0 Z ZZ 3 3 0 0 Y Y X R Z IJI I- V I IU Z 0 4. V 4J EII Z Z K 4. Z K J 4. 3 H IU IU 0 $ +ZIU 0 0 N Pl Z I- ? J 4 Z EEI ORVIV 45 I- Z 0 V Z 4 R 0 V Z b H I- Z 0 ? V ? IA 0 IU Z a K?a IA IU ZP) LJ Q...

  5. Mixed Integer Second-Order Cone Programming Formulations for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 23, 2013 ... Yuichi Takanob. aDepartment of Computer and Information Sciences,. Institute of Engineering,. Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology,.

  6. Integer programming formulations for the elementary shortest path ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    where cij ? R are the arc costs, and xij are binary arc variables that take value 1 if the ..... According to Proposition 6 in [PS91], a full system of generators of a cone. Ck defined ..... might further speed up the computing times and allow the solution of large- ... a large-scale traveling-salesman problem, Operations Research 2.

  7. A NOVEL INTEGER PROGRAMMING FORMULATION FOR THE K ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 28, 2005 ... A telecommunications network is a complex web of links and nodes, and one cannot .... on the equipment used in building the network, the total demand in each local ring must ... section correctly models the latter problem. ..... The experiments use two groups of instances, namely, geometric and ran-.

  8. Analysis of mixed integer programming formulations for single ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    four different paradigms for single machine scheduling problems (SMSP) with se- ...... Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on 38(7):1066–1079. Luh P, Gou L, ...

  9. Improved control strategy for parallel logic programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, I.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this dissertation is to formulate an improved control strategy for parallel logic programming and to verify that the complexity of the parallel logic programs with this control strategy would be much less than the complexity of the other logic programs. The proposed control strategy is a combination of committed choice nondeterminism, and the data-flow model. The commit operator would be used for committed choice nondeterminism, and the primitives based on the dataflow model would be used to control AND-parallelism and OR-parallelism. With this proposed control strategy, the maximum useful parallelism can be explained with optimal granularity by controlling useless parallelism and limiting the branching factor. For justification of the proposed control strategy, it is suggested that the complexity of the computations of alternating Turing machines, which include a generalization of nondeterminism, can be used for the abstract cost function of logic programs. As justification of the proposed idea, the author bases a comparison of parallel logic programs on a model utilizing alternating Turing machines. The author shows that a natural reduction of the alternating Turing machine for the proposed control strategy yields a deterministic Turing machine whose complexity is linearly- related to that of the alternating Turing machine. However such a reduction for the conventional committed choice nondeterminism has complexity that is quadratically related to that of the alternating Turing machine.

  10. LED Linear Lamps and Troffer Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The CALiPER program performed a series of investigations on linear LED lamps. Each report in the series covers the performance of up to 31 linear LED lamps, which were purchased in late 2012 or 2013. The first report focuses on bare lamp performance of LED T8 replacement lamps and subsequent reports examine performance in various troffers, as well as cost-effectiveness. There is also a concise guidance document that describes the findings of the Series 21 studies and provides practical advice to manufacturers, specifiers, and consumers (Report 21.4: Summary of Linear (T8) LED Lamp Testing , 5 pages, June 2014).

  11. History of Proton Linear Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Luis W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    much. References 1. Linear Accelerators, edited by P. M .at the 1986 Linear Accelerator Conference, SLAC, Stanford,HISTORY OF PROTON LINEAR ACCELERATORS Luis W. Alvarez TWO-

  12. Fuel Formulation Effects on Diesel Fuel Injection, Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Formulation Effects on Diesel Fuel Injection, Combustion, Emissions and Emission Control Fuel Formulation Effects on Diesel Fuel Injection, Combustion, Emissions and Emission...

  13. Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Formulating Climate Change...

  14. Project Profile: Deep Eutectic Salt Formulations Suitable as...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Deep Eutectic Salt Formulations Suitable as Advanced Heat Transfer Fluids Project Profile: Deep Eutectic Salt Formulations Suitable as Advanced Heat Transfer Fluids Halotechnics...

  15. Unit I-2 Linear Maps 1 Linear maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit I-2 Linear Maps 1 Unit I-2 Linear maps Unit I-2 Linear Maps 2 Linear map · V & U are vector spaces over the same scalars · a function f: VU is a linear map if it preserves the vector space transformation [particularly when f: RnRm] ­ linear operator when f: V V [same v.s.] ­ linear mapping ­ linear

  16. FINITE-ELEMENT FORMULATIONS FOR PROBLEMS OF LARGE ELASTIC-PLASTIC DEFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINITE-ELEMENT FORMULATIONS FOR PROBLEMS OF LARGE ELASTIC-PLASTIC DEFORMATION R. M. MCM~EKING and J elastic-plastic flow.The method is based on Hill's variational principle for incremental deformations in a manner which allows any conventions finite element program, for "small strain" elastic-plastic analysis

  17. A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman Indoor Environment Program ABSTRACT This report develops a theoretical description of the hydrodynamic relationship based on a power pipes can be described with a simple power law dependence on pressure, but that the exponent

  18. Least-squares variational principles and the finite element method: theory, formulations, and models for solid and fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pontaza, Juan Pablo

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of the weak form Galerkin procedure to problems whose solutions can be characterized as global minimizers results in global minimiza- tion of quadratic functionals, such is the case for linear elasticity problems; see [93]. In this case, given a conforming... and the success of the method for linear elasticity problems led to early attempts to extend weak form Galerkin formulations beyond problems whose solutions could be characterized as unconstrained global minimizers. For example, problems of the saddle-point type...

  19. A Variational Formulation of Kinematic Waves 1 A VARIATIONAL FORMULATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daganzo, Carlos F.

    A Variational Formulation of Kinematic Waves 1 A VARIATIONAL FORMULATION OF KINEMATIC WAVES proposes two algorithms that, based on a variational version of kinematic wave (KW) theory (Daganzo, 2003, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA ABSTRACT It has been recently shown that all kinematic

  20. Clean, agile alternative binders, additives and plasticizers for propellant and explosive formulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, D.M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hawkins, T.W. [Phillips Lab., Edwards AFB, CA (United States); Lindsay, G.A. [Naval Weapons Station, China Lake, CA (United States)] [and others

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) a clean, agile manufacturing of explosives, propellants and pyrotechniques (CANPEP) effort set about to identify new approaches to materials and processes for producing propellants, explosives and pyrotechniques (PEP). The RDX based explosive PBXN-109 and gun propellant M-43 were identified as candidates for which waste minimization and recycling modifications might be implemented in a short time frame. The binders, additives and plasticizers subgroup identified cast non-curable thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) formulations as possible replacement candidates for these formulations. Paste extrudable explosives were also suggested as viable alternatives to PBXN-109. Commercial inert and energetic TPEs are reviewed. Biodegradable and hydrolyzable binders are discussed. The applicability of various types of explosive formulations are reviewed and some issues associated with implementation of recyclable formulations are identified. It is clear that some processing and weaponization modifications will need to be made if any of these approaches are to be implemented. The major advantages of formulations suggested here over PBXN-109 and M-43 is their reuse/recyclability. Formulations using TPE or Paste could by recovered from a generic bomb or propellant and reused if they met specification or easily reprocessed and sold to the mining industry.

  1. Kit systems for granulated decontamination formulations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A decontamination formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals. The formulation provides solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the chemical and biological compounds, particularly CW and BW compounds, susceptible to attack, and at least one reactive compound that serves to attack (and detoxify or kill) the compound. The formulation includes at least one solubilizing agent, a reactive compound, a sorbent additive, and water. A highly adsorbent sorbent additive (e.g., amorphous silica, sorbitol, mannitol, etc.) is used to "dry out" one or more liquid ingredients into a dry, free-flowing powder that has an extended shelf life, and is more convenient to handle and mix in the field. The formulation can be pre-mixed and pre-packaged as a multi-part kit system, where one or more of the parts are packaged in a powdered, granulated form for ease of handling and mixing in the field.

  2. Smallest Compact Formulation for the Permutahedron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goemans, Michel X.

    In this note, we consider the permutahedron, the convex hull of all permutations of {1,2…,n} . We show how to obtain an extended formulation for this polytope from any sorting network. By using the optimal Ajtai–Komlós–Szemerédi ...

  3. Column Generation for Extended Formulations - Optimization Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 8, 2011 ... reformulation in order to define a good quality outer approximation of the .... extends to the case where one only has a good reformulation in an ..... by inspection. ..... the formulation is kept under control by way of managing its variables .... ming solution as a hyper-path (associated to a unit flow incoming to

  4. GRADUATE PROGRAM UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELF STUDY GRADUATE PROGRAM UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE COLLEGE OF LIBERALARTS TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY March 2007 #12;SELF STUDY GRADUATE PROGRAM UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS DEPARTMENT........................................................................................ 4 Brief History of Degree Programs and the Department

  5. A Linear Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Performance Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, M.; Archer, D.; Masson, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A performance model has been programmed for solar thermal collector based on a linear, tracking parabolic trough reflector focused on a surface-treated metallic pipe receiver enclosed in an evacuated transparent tube: a Parabolic Trough Solar...

  6. Bad semidefinite programs: they all look the same 1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Conic linear programs provide a natural framework to study duality in convex programs, and model a wide variety of practical optimization problems.

  7. Poisson Bracket Formulation of Nematic Polymer Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall D. Kamien

    1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate the dynamical theory of nematic polymers, starting from a microscopic Poisson bracket approach. We find that the Poisson bracket between the nematic director and momentum depends on the (Maier-Saupe) order parameter of the nematic phase. We use this to derive reactive couplings of the nematic director to the strain rates. Additionally, we find that local dynamics breaks down as the polymers begin to overlap. We offer a physical picture for both results.

  8. Budget Formulation & Execution | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFAprilBudget Formulation & Execution Budget

  9. Budget Formulation and Execution | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFAprilBudget Formulation & Execution

  10. Nonconforming formulations with spectral element methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sert, Cuneyt

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    flow ... 77 35 Lid-driven cavity problem ........................ 78 36 Meshes used and u-velcoity contours obtained for the lid-driven cavity problem at Re =500 ....................... 79 37 The geometry and thermal boundary conditions used for the os... more from the geometric singularities such as corners or 5 discontinuities inherent in the solution such as shock waves. 2. Nonconforming Formulations In numerical simulations, local (non-propagating) mesh refinement is a key require- ment for efficient...

  11. Robust Linear Optimization With Recourse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an approach to two-stage linear optimization with recourse that does ... Linear optimization with recourse was first introduced by Dantzig in [17] as a ...

  12. Linear Quantum Feedback Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Gough; R. Gohm; M. Yanagisawa

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The mathematical theory of quantum feedback networks has recently been developed for general open quantum dynamical systems interacting with bosonic input fields. In this article we show, for the special case of linear dynamical systems Markovian systems with instantaneous feedback connections, that the transfer functions can be deduced and agree with the algebraic rules obtained in the nonlinear case. Using these rules, we derive the the transfer functions for linear quantum systems in series, in cascade, and in feedback arrangements mediated by beam splitter devices.

  13. BS IE Program Educational Outcomes, Key Abilities, and Performance Indicators for ABET assessment B. Gopalakrishnan, IMSE, 04/11/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    to use modern and classical industrial engineering methodologies such as operations research Indicators Operations Research IENG 350 Linear programming Students will be able to solve linear programming of the linear program. Students will be able to use the Simplex Method to solve a linear program and conduct

  14. Accepted Manuscript Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    Accepted Manuscript Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. (2011), doi: 10 formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscagliaa,b, , Roberto F. Ausasa,b a

  15. Formulation and method for preparing gels comprising hydrous hafnium oxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Collins, Jack L; Hunt, Rodney D; Montgomery, Frederick C

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Formulations useful for preparing hydrous hafnium oxide gels contain a metal salt including hafnium, an acid, an organic base, and a complexing agent. Methods for preparing gels containing hydrous hafnium oxide include heating a formulation to a temperature sufficient to induce gel formation, where the formulation contains a metal salt including hafnium, an acid, an organic base, and a complexing agent.

  16. Formulation and method for preparing gels comprising hydrous cerium oxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Collins, Jack L; Chi, Anthony

    2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Formulations useful for preparing hydrous cerium oxide gels contain a metal salt including cerium, an organic base, and a complexing agent. Methods for preparing gels containing hydrous cerium oxide include heating a formulation to a temperature sufficient to induce gel formation, where the formulation contains a metal salt including cerium, an organic base, and a complexing agent.

  17. Formulation and method for preparing gels comprising hydrous aluminum oxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, Jack L.

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Formulations useful for preparing hydrous aluminum oxide gels contain a metal salt including aluminum, an organic base, and a complexing agent. Methods for preparing gels containing hydrous aluminum oxide include heating a formulation to a temperature sufficient to induce gel formation, where the formulation contains a metal salt including aluminum, an organic base, and a complexing agent.

  18. On the invariant formulation of fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Piekarski

    2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    It can be observed that the differential operators of fluid mechanics can be defined in terms of the complete derivative on the finite - dimensional affine space. It follows from the fact that all norms on the finite - dimensional vector space are equivalent and from the definition of the complete derivative on the normed affine spaces (see: L.Schwartz, Analyse Mathematique, Hermann, 1967). In particular, it is shown that the "substantial derivative" of the standard formulation is a directional derivative along the "non - relativistic four - velocity".

  19. Deep Eutectic Salt Formulations Suitable as Advanced Heat Transfer Fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raade, Justin; Roark, Thomas; Vaughn, John; Bradshaw, Robert

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) facilities are comprised of many miles of fluid-filled pipes arranged in large grids with reflective mirrors used to capture radiation from the sun. Solar radiation heats the fluid which is used to produce steam necessary to power large electricity generation turbines. Currently, organic, oil-based fluid in the pipes has a maximum temperature threshold of 400 °C, allowing for the production of electricity at approximately 15 cents per kilowatt hour. The DOE hopes to foster the development of an advanced heat transfer fluid that can operate within higher temperature ranges. The new heat transfer fluid, when used with other advanced technologies, could significantly decrease solar electricity cost. Lower costs would make solar thermal electricity competitive with gas and coal and would offer a clean, renewable source of energy. Molten salts exhibit many desirable heat transfer qualities within the range of the project objectives. Halotechnics developed advanced heat transfer fluids (HTFs) for application in solar thermal power generation. This project focused on complex mixtures of inorganic salts that exhibited a high thermal stability, a low melting point, and other favorable characteristics. A high-throughput combinatorial research and development program was conducted in order to achieve the project objective. Over 19,000 candidate formulations were screened. The workflow developed to screen various chemical systems to discover salt formulations led to mixtures suitable for use as HTFs in both parabolic trough and heliostat CSP plants. Furthermore, salt mixtures which will not interfere with fertilizer based nitrates were discovered. In addition for use in CSP, the discovered salt mixtures can be applied to electricity storage, heat treatment of alloys and other industrial processes.

  20. Formulation verification study results for 241-AN-106 waste grout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lokken, R.O.; Martin, P.F.C.; Morrison, L.C.; Palmer, S.E.; Anderson, C.M.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests were conducted to determine whether the reference formulation and variations around the formulation are adequate for solidifying 241-AN-106 (106-AN) waste into a grout waste form. The reference formulation consists of 21 wt% type I/II Portland cement, 68 wt% fly ash, and 11 wt% attapulgite clay. The mix ratio is 8.4 lb/gal. Variations in dry blend component ratios, mix ratio, and waste concentration were assessed by using a statistically designed experimental matrix consisting of 44 grout compositions. Based on the results of the statistically designed variability study, the 106-AN grout formulations tested met all the formulation criteria except for the heat of hydration.

  1. Duality in linearized gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henneaux, Marc; Teitelboim, Claudio [Physique Theorique et Mathematique and International Solvay Institutes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Plaine C. P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium) and Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile)

    2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that duality transformations of linearized gravity in four dimensions, i.e., rotations of the linearized Riemann tensor and its dual into each other, can be extended to the dynamical fields of the theory so as to be symmetries of the action and not just symmetries of the equations of motion. Our approach relies on the introduction of two superpotentials, one for the spatial components of the spin-2 field and the other for their canonically conjugate momenta. These superpotentials are two-index, symmetric tensors. They can be taken to be the basic dynamical fields and appear locally in the action. They are simply rotated into each other under duality. In terms of the superpotentials, the canonical generator of duality rotations is found to have a Chern-Simons-like structure, as in the Maxwell case.

  2. Combustion powered linear actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gary J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides robotic vehicles having wheeled and hopping mobilities that are capable of traversing (e.g. by hopping over) obstacles that are large in size relative to the robot and, are capable of operation in unpredictable terrain over long range. The present invention further provides combustion powered linear actuators, which can include latching mechanisms to facilitate pressurized fueling of the actuators, as can be used to provide wheeled vehicles with a hopping mobility.

  3. Linear induction accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

  4. Branch-and-Price Guided Search for Integer Programs with an ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    yields a small restricted integer program to be solved next. The extended formulation is solved with a branch-and-price algorithm, which, when run to completion, ...

  5. Sorghum Program BIOENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorghum Program BIOENERGY PROGRAM Sorghums are important nongrain lignocellulosic feedstocks Biomass Switch Grass Forage Sorghum Bioenergy Sorghum Biomass per acre per year that can be converted (DT

  6. Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mahajan, Devinder (Port Jefferson, NY); Sapienza, Richard S. (Shoreham, NY); Slegeir, William A. (Hampton Bays, NY); O'Hare, Thomas E. (Huntington Station, NY)

    1991-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    There is disclosed synthesis of CH.sub.3 OH from carbon monoxide and hydrogen using an extremely active homogeneous catalyst for methanol synthesis directly from synthesis gas. The catalyst operates preferably between 100.degree.-150.degree. C. and preferably at 100-150 psia synthesis gas to produce methanol. Use can be made of syngas mixtures which contain considerable quantities of other gases, such as nitrogen, methane or excess hydrogen. The catalyst is composed of two components: (a) a transition metal carbonyl complex and (b) an alkoxide component. In the simplest formulation, component (a) is a complex of nickel tetracarbonyl and component (b) is methoxide (CH.sub.3 O.sup.-), both being dissolved in a methanol solvent system. The presence of a co-solvent such as p-dioxane, THF, polyalcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, and crown ethers accelerates the methanol synthesis reaction.

  7. Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mahajan, Devinder (Port Jefferson, NY); Sapienza, Richard S. (Shoreham, NY); Slegeir, William A. (Hampton Bays, NY); O'Hare, Thomas E. (Huntington Station, NY)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is disclosed synthesis of CH.sub.3 OH from carbon monoxide and hydrogen using an extremely active homogeneous catalyst for methanol synthesis directly from synthesis gas. The catalyst operates preferably between 100.degree.-150.degree. C. and preferably at 100-150 psia synthesis gas to produce methanol. Use can be made of syngas mixtures which contain considerable quantities of other gases, such as nitrogen, methane or excess hydrogen. The catalyst is composed of two components: (a) a transition metal carbonyl complex and (b) an alkoxide component. In the simplest formulation, component (a) is a complex of nickel tetracarbonyl and component (b) is methoxide (CH.sub.3 O.sup.13 ), both being dissolved in a methanol solvent system. The presence of a co-solvent such as p-dioxane, THF, polyalcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, and crown ethers accelerates the methanol synthesis reaction.

  8. History of Proton Linear Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Luis W.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the board to show why the accelerator couldn't work. Then atmuch. References 1. Linear Accelerators, edited by P. M .at the 1986 Linear Accelerator Conference, SLAC, Stanford,

  9. Linear Collider Physics Resource Book Snowmass 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronan (Editor), M.T.

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American particle physics community can look forward to a well-conceived and vital program of experimentation for the next ten years, using both colliders and fixed target beams to study a wide variety of pressing questions. Beyond 2010, these programs will be reaching the end of their expected lives. The CERN LHC will provide an experimental program of the first importance. But beyond the LHC, the American community needs a coherent plan. The Snowmass 2001 Workshop and the deliberations of the HEPAP subpanel offer a rare opportunity to engage the full community in planning our future for the next decade or more. A major accelerator project requires a decade from the beginning of an engineering design to the receipt of the first data. So it is now time to decide whether to begin a new accelerator project that will operate in the years soon after 2010. We believe that the world high-energy physics community needs such a project. With the great promise of discovery in physics at the next energy scale, and with the opportunity for the uncovering of profound insights, we cannot allow our field to contract to a single experimental program at a single laboratory in the world. We believe that an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider is an excellent choice for the next major project in high-energy physics. Applying experimental techniques very different from those used at hadron colliders, an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider will allow us to build on the discoveries made at the Tevatron and the LHC, and to add a level of precision and clarity that will be necessary to understand the physics of the next energy scale. It is not necessary to anticipate specific results from the hadron collider programs to argue for constructing an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider; in any scenario that is now discussed, physics will benefit from the new information that e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments can provide. This last point merits further emphasis. If a new accelerator could be designed and built in a few years, it would make sense to wait for the results of each accelerator before planning the next one. Thus, we would wait for the results from the Tevatron before planning the LHC experiments, and wait for the LHC before planning any later stage. In reality accelerators require a long time to construct, and they require such specialized resources and human talent that delay can cripple what would be promising opportunities. In any event, we believe that the case for the linear collider is so compelling and robust that we can justify this facility on the basis of our current knowledge, even before the Tevatron and LHC experiments are done. The physics prospects for the linear collider have been studied intensively for more than a decade, and arguments for the importance of its experimental program have been developed from many different points of view. This book provides an introduction and a guide to this literature. We hope that it will allow physicists new to the consideration of linear collider physics to start from their own personal perspectives and develop their own assessments of the opportunities afforded by a linear collider.

  10. Wave functions of linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomasz Sowinski

    2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Complete analysis of quantum wave functions of linear systems in an arbitrary number of dimensions is given. It is shown how one can construct a complete set of stationary quantum states of an arbitrary linear system from purely classical arguments. This construction is possible because for linear systems classical dynamics carries the whole information about quantum dynamics.

  11. States in the Hilbert space formulation and in the phase space formulation of quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tosiek, J., E-mail: tosiek@p.lodz.pl; Brzykcy, P., E-mail: 800289@edu.p.lodz.pl

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of testing whether a given matrix in the Hilbert space formulation of quantum mechanics or a function considered in the phase space formulation of quantum theory represents a quantum state. We propose several practical criteria for recognising states in these two versions of quantum physics. After minor modifications, they can be applied to check positivity of any operators acting in a Hilbert space or positivity of any functions from an algebra with a ?-product of Weyl type. -- Highlights: ? Methods of testing whether a given matrix represents a quantum state. ? The Stratonovich–Weyl correspondence on an arbitrary symplectic manifold. ? Criteria for checking whether a function on a symplectic space is a Wigner function.

  12. Cast Stone Formulation At Higher Sodium Concentrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, K. M.; Roberts, K. A.; Edwards, T. B.

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leachability indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the l

  13. Cast Stone Formulation At Higher Sodium Concentrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, K. M.; Roberts, K. A.; Edwards, T. B.

    2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leach indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the limited

  14. Cast Stone Formulation At Higher Sodium Concentrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, K. M.; Edwards, T. A.; Roberts, K. B.

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leach indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the limited

  15. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  16. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    - - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy...

  17. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  18. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  19. Concentrated formulations and methods for neutralizing chemical and biological toxants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D.; Betty, Rita G.; Tadros, Maher E.

    2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A formulation and method of making and using that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological toxants, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents. The aqueous formulation is non-toxic and non-corrosive and can be delivered as a long-lasting foam, spray, or fog. The formulation includes solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the CW or BW toxant susceptible to attack, so that a nucleophillic agent can attack the compound via a hydrolysis or oxidation reaction. The formulation can kill up to 99.99999% of bacterial spores within one hour of exposure.

  20. Designing Networks: A Mixed-Integer Linear Optimization Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gounaris, Chrysanthos E; Kevrekidis, Ioannis G; Floudas, Christodoulos A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Designing networks with specified collective properties is useful in a variety of application areas, enabling the study of how given properties affect the behavior of network models, the downscaling of empirical networks to workable sizes, and the analysis of network evolution. Despite the importance of the task, there currently exists a gap in our ability to systematically generate networks that adhere to theoretical guarantees for the given property specifications. In this paper, we propose the use of Mixed-Integer Linear Optimization modeling and solution methodologies to address this Network Generation Problem. We present a number of useful modeling techniques and apply them to mathematically express and constrain network properties in the context of an optimization formulation. We then develop complete formulations for the generation of networks that attain specified levels of connectivity, spread, assortativity and robustness, and we illustrate these via a number of computational case studies.

  1. CONCRETE STRUCTURE DESIGN USING MIXED-INTEGER NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING WITH COMPLEMENTARITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONCRETE STRUCTURE DESIGN USING MIXED-INTEGER NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING WITH COMPLEMENTARITY programming (MINLP) formulation to achieve mini- mum-cost designs for reinforced concrete (RC) structures for concrete, steel reinforcing bars, and formwork according to typical contractor methods. Restrictions

  2. THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF HEMP CONCRETES: VARIATION WITH FORMULATION, DENSITY AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    envelope and on the performance of systems. This behaviour is related to hygric and thermal propertiesTHERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF HEMP CONCRETES: VARIATION WITH FORMULATION, DENSITY AND WATER CONTENT of formulation, density and water content on the thermal conductivity of hemp concretes. The investigations

  3. Remarks on Pure Spin Connection Formulations of Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riccardo Capovilla; Ted Jacobson

    1992-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In the derivation of a pure spin connection action functional for gravity two methods have been proposed. The first starts from a first order lagrangian formulation, the second from a hamiltonian formulation. In this note we show that they lead to identical results for the specific cases of pure gravity with or without a cosmological constant.

  4. Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel on the Initiation and the Combustion Potential of Olefin Impact in a Diesel Base Fuel D. Alseda1,2, X. Montagne1 and P. Dagaut2 1 Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel on the Initiation and the Combustion - Potential

  5. Domain-Independent Heuristics for Goal Formulation Mark Wilson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    to make changes where obviously necessary. Most autonomous agents are frustrating in the same way; even. For example, if a UAV capable of autonomous goal formulation burns fuel at unexpectedly high rates (because it is flying into the wind), it would formulate a goal to refuel. In contrast, a replanning system might

  6. Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems I. Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaft, Arjan van der

    Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems I. Modeling Alessandro Macchelli the modeling of distributed parameter systems in port Hamilto- nian form are presented. The classical finite dimensional port Hamiltonian formulation of a dynamical system is generalized in order to cope

  7. Unconstrained Hamiltonian formulation of low energy QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans-Peter Pavel

    2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a generalized polar decomposition of the gauge fields into gauge-rotation and gauge-invariant parts, which Abelianises the Non-Abelian Gauss-law constraints, an unconstrained Hamiltonian formulation of QCD can be achieved. The exact implementation of the Gauss laws reduces the colored spin-1 gluons and spin-1/2 quarks to unconstrained colorless spin-0, spin-1, spin-2 and spin-3 glueball fields and colorless Rarita-Schwinger fields. The obtained physical Hamiltonian naturally admits a systematic strong-coupling expansion in powers of \\lambda=g^{-2/3}, equivalent to an expansion in the number of spatial derivatives. The leading-order term corresponds to non-interacting hybrid-glueballs, whose low-lying spectrum can be calculated with high accuracy by solving the Schr\\"odinger-equation of the Dirac-Yang-Mills quantum mechanics of spatially constant fields (at the moment only for the 2-color case). The discrete glueball excitation spectrum shows a universal string-like behaviour with practically all excitation energy going in to the increase of the strengths of merely two fields, the "constant Abelian fields" corresponding to the zero-energy valleys of the chromomagnetic potential. Inclusion of the fermionic degrees of freedom significantly lowers the spectrum and allows for the study of the sigma meson. Higher-order terms in \\lambda lead to interactions between the hybrid-glueballs and can be taken into account systematically using perturbation theory, allowing for the study of IR-renormalisation and Lorentz invariance. The existence of the generalized polar decomposition used, the position of the zeros of the corresponding Jacobian (Gribov horizons), and the ranges of the physical variables can be investigated by solving a system of algebraic equations. It is exactly solvable for 1 spatial dimension and several numerical solutions can be found for 2 and 3 spatial dimensions.

  8. Nonlinear Integer Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A polynomial f ? Z[x] is said to be integer-convex on [l,u] ? Rn, if for any finite ...... the mixed-integer linear programs codes Cplex and Xpress-MP, in conjunction ...... Bonami, P., Cornuéjols, G., Lodi, A., Margot, F.: A feasibility pump for mixed ...

  9. The thermodynamic dual structure of linear-dissipative driven systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Smith

    2005-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The spontaneous emergence of dynamical order, such as persistent currents, is sometimes argued to require principles beyond the entropy maximization of the second law of thermodynamics. I show that, for linear dissipation in the Onsager regime, current formation can be driven by exactly the Jaynesian principle of entropy maximization, suitably formulated for extended systems and nonequilibrium boundary conditions. The Legendre dual structure of equilibrium thermodynamics is also preserved, though it requires the admission of current-valued state variables, and their correct incorporation in the entropy.

  10. Winding for linear pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kliman, Gerald B. (Schenectady, NY); Brynsvold, Glen V. (San Jose, CA); Jahns, Thomas M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium is disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet.

  11. Linear equalities in blackbox optimization ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathilde Peyrega

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    May 28, 2014 ... extensions to treat problems with linear equalities whose expression is known. The main idea consists in reformulating the optimization ...

  12. Federal Aviation Administration's Airport Capital Improvement Program Development Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tener, Scott D.

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Airport Capital Improvement Program (ACIP) serves as the primary tool for project planning and formulation by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA relies on the ACIP to serve as the basis for the distribution of Aviation Trust...

  13. Some Suggested Pest Control Products Appropriate for an IPM Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Some Suggested Pest Control Products Appropriate for an IPM Program I P M (professional use products) Cockroaches Product Formulation Active Ingredient Maxforce bait stations Hydramethylnon Station (IGR) Hydroprene Dusts Silica aerogel or boric acid Compressed air flushing agent air Carpenter

  14. 3D gravity and non-linear cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. P. Devecchi; M. L. Froehlich

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    By the inclusion of an additional term, non-linear in the scalar curvature $R$, it is tested if dark energy could rise as a geometrical effect in 3D gravitational formulations. We investigate a cosmological fluid obeying a non-polytropic equation of state (the van der Waals equation) that is used to construct the energy-momentum tensor of the sources, representing the hypothetical inflaton in gravitational interaction with a matter contribution. Following the evolution in time of the scale factor, its acceleration, and the energy densities of constituents it is possible to construct the description of an inflationary 3D universe, followed by a matter dominated era. For later times it is verified that, under certain conditions, the non-linear term in $R$ can generate the old 3D universe in accelerated expansion, where the ordinary matter is represented by the barotropic limit of the van der Waals constituent.

  15. Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

  16. Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.

  17. Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory DOE Hydrogen ProgramDOE Hydrogen Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of assembling the constituent parts (e.g., subsystems, components) of a system in a logical, cost-effective way Storage Fuel Cells Concept formulation and initial implementation SystemsSystems IntegrationIntegration FY Platform Thermochemical Platform Program Mgr DOE Hydrogen Program Production & Delivery Storage Fuel Cells

  18. Formulation and Characterization of Waste Glasses with Varying Processing Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Sang; Schweiger, M. J.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Lepry, William C.; Lang, Jesse B.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Vienna, John D.; Johnson, Fabienne; Marra, James C.; Peeler, David K.

    2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the preliminary results of glass formulation and characterization accomplished within the finished scope of the EM-31 technology development tasks for WP-4 and WP-5, including WP-4.1.2: Glass Formulation for Next Generation Melter, WP-5.1.2.3: Systematic Glass Studies, and WP-5.1.2.4: Glass Formulation for Specific Wastes. This report also presents the suggested studies for eventual restart of these tasks. The initial glass formulation efforts for the cold crucible induction melter (CCIM), operating at {approx}1200 C, with selected HLW (AZ-101) and LAW (AN-105) successfully developed glasses with significant increase of waste loading compared to that is likely to be achieved based on expected reference WTP formulations. Three glasses formulated for AZ-101HLW and one glass for AN-105 LAW were selected for the initial CCIM demonstration melter tests. Melter tests were not performed within the finished scope of the WP-4.1.2 task. Glass formulations for CCIM were expanded to cover additional HLWs that have high potential to successfully demonstrate the unique advantages of the CCIM technologies based on projected composition of Hanford wastes. However, only the preliminary scoping tests were completed with selected wastes within the finished scope. Advanced glass formulations for the reference WTP melter, operating at {approx}1200 C, were initiated with selected specific wastes to determine the estimated maximum waste loading. The incomplete results from these initial formulation efforts are summarized. For systematic glass studies, a test matrix of 32 high-aluminum glasses was completed based on a new method developed in this study.

  19. MATH 1503 Introduction to Linear Algebra Notes on MATLAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monson, Barry

    1 MATH 1503 Introduction to Linear Algebra Notes on MATLAB MATLAB (`MATrix LABoratory as a programming language. MATLAB is available to UNB students on the University's Novell network ­ click on the `More Applications' icon, then click on the `MATLAB' icon. More than one release of MATLAB may

  20. Independent Demand Models Non Linear (Chemical Industry -take or pay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    casesshippedperweek #12;High Variability Between Forecast and Actual · Demand in relation to the forecast means almostIndependent Demand Models · Non Linear (Chemical Industry - take or pay) · Deterministic Simulation (make to stock - lumpy demand) · Mathematical Programming (family structure - near optimum) · Heuristic

  1. Constraint damping in the Z4 formulation and harmonic gauge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carsten Gundlach; Jose M. Martin-Garcia; Gioel Calabrese; Ian Hinder

    2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that by adding suitable lower-order terms to the Z4 formulation of the Einstein equations, all constraint violations except constant modes are damped. This makes the Z4 formulation a particularly simple example of a lambda-system as suggested by Brodbeck et al. We also show that the Einstein equations in harmonic coordinates can be obtained from the Z4 formulation by a change of variables that leaves the implied constraint evolution system unchanged. Therefore the same method can be used to damp all constraints in the Einstein equations in harmonic gauge.

  2. On the formulation, parameter identification and numerical integration of the EMMI model :plasticity and isotropic damage.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bammann, Douglas J.; Johnson, G. C. (University of California, Berkeley, CA); Marin, Esteban B.; Regueiro, Richard A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we present the formulation of the physically-based Evolving Microstructural Model of Inelasticity (EMMI) . The specific version of the model treated here describes the plasticity and isotropic damage of metals as being currently applied to model the ductile failure process in structural components of the W80 program . The formulation of the EMMI constitutive equations is framed in the context of the large deformation kinematics of solids and the thermodynamics of internal state variables . This formulation is focused first on developing the plasticity equations in both the relaxed (unloaded) and current configurations. The equations in the current configuration, expressed in non-dimensional form, are used to devise the identification procedure for the plasticity parameters. The model is then extended to include a porosity-based isotropic damage state variable to describe the progressive deterioration of the strength and mechanical properties of metals induced by deformation . The numerical treatment of these coupled plasticity-damage constitutive equations is explained in detail. A number of examples are solved to validate the numerical implementation of the model.

  3. Theory on excitations of drift Alfvén waves by energetic particles. I. Variational formulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zonca, Fulvio, E-mail: fulvio.zonca@enea.it [ENEA C. R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, CP 65-00044 Frascati (Italy); Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Chen, Liu [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-4575 (United States)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A unified theoretical framework is presented for analyzing various branches of drift Alfvén waves and describing their linear and nonlinear behaviors, covering a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Nonlinear gyrokinetic quasineutrality condition and vorticity equation, derived for drift Alfvén waves excited by energetic particles in fusion plasmas, are cast in integral form, which is generally variational in the linear limit; and the corresponding gyrokinetic energy principle is obtained. Well known forms of the kinetic energy principle are readily recovered from this general formulation. Furthermore, it is possible to demonstrate that the general fishbone like dispersion relation, obtained within the present theoretical framework, provides a unified description of drift Alfvén waves excited by energetic particles as either Alfvén eigenmodes or energetic particle modes. The advantage of the present approach stands in its capability of extracting underlying linear and nonlinear physics as well as spatial and temporal scales of the considered fluctuation spectrum. For these reasons, this unified theoretical framework can help understanding experimental observations as well as numerical simulation and analytic results with different levels of approximation. Examples and applications are given in Paper II [F. Zonca and L. Chen, “Theory on excitations of drift Alfvén waves by energetic particles. II. The general fishbone-like dispersion relation,” Phys. Plasmas 21, 072121 (2014)].

  4. Enhanced formulations for neutralization of chemical, biological and industrial toxants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuqueque, NM) [Albuqueque, NM

    2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An enhanced formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals. The enhanced formulation according to the present invention is non-toxic and non-corrosive and can be delivered by a variety of means and in different phases. The formulation provides solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the chemical and biological compounds, particularly CW and BW compounds, susceptible to attack, and at least one reactive compound that serves to attack (and detoxify or kill) the compound. The formulation includes at least one solubilizing agent, a reactive compound, a bleaching activator and water.

  5. Formulations for neutralization of chemical and biological toxants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tadros, Maher E.; Tucker, Mark D.

    2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents. The formulation of the present invention non-toxic and non-corrosive and can be delivered by a variety of means and in different phases. The formulation provides solubilizing compounds that serve to effectively render the chemical and biological compounds, particularly CW and BW compounds, susceptible to attack and at least one reactive compound that serves to attack (and detoxify or kill) the compound. The at least one reactive compound can be an oxidizing compound, a nucleophilic compound or a mixture of both. The formulation can kill up to 99.99999% of bacterial spores within one hour of exposure.

  6. Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation and optical rotation in small optically active molecules, larger conjugated molecules, and molecular aggregates is developed using spatially nonlocal electric and magnetic optical response tensors (r

  7. Euclid Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Programming Programming Compiling and linking programs on Euclid. Compiling Codes How to compile and link MPI codes on Euclid. Read More Using the ACML Math Library How to...

  8. Reactive formulations for a neutralization of toxic industrial chemicals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuqueruqe, NM); Betty, Rita G. (Rio Rancho, NM)

    2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Decontamination formulations for neutralization of toxic industrial chemicals, and methods of making and using same. The formulations are effective for neutralizing malathion, hydrogen cyanide, sodium cyanide, butyl isocyanate, carbon disulfide, phosgene gas, capsaicin in commercial pepper spray, chlorine gas, anhydrous ammonia gas; and may be effective at neutralizing hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde, ethylene oxide, methyl bromide, boron trichloride, fluorine, tetraethyl pyrophosphate, phosphorous trichloride, arsine, and tungsten hexafluoride.

  9. Process Formulations And Curing Conditions That Affect Saltstone Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reigel, M. M.; Pickenheim, B. R.; Daniel, W. E.

    2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The first objective of this study was to analyze saltstone fresh properties to determine the feasibility of reducing the formulation water to premix (w/p) ratio while varying the amount of extra water and admixtures used during processing at the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF). The second part of this study was to provide information for understanding the impact of curing conditions (cure temperature, relative humidity (RH)) and processing formulation on the performance properties of cured saltstone.

  10. On solving multistage stochastic programs with coherent risk ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Philpott

    2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 13, 2012 ... Abstract: We consider a class of multistage stochastic linear programs in which at each stage a coherent risk measure of future costs is to be ...

  11. Non-linear programs with max-linear constraints: A heuristic approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butkovic, Peter

    5, 2009 Abstract Let a b = max(a, b) and a b = a + b for a, b R and extend the pair of operations = max(a, b) and a b = a + b for a, b R and extend the pair of operations to matrices and vectors bkj = maxk(aik + bkj) for all i, j. Also, if R then A = ( aij). Max-algebra has been studied

  12. Student Internship Programs Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Student Internship Programs Program Description The objective of the Laboratory's student internship programs is to provide students with opportunities for meaningful hands- on...

  13. [New technology for linear colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIntyre, P.M.

    1992-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics on research of microwave amplifiers for linear colliders: Context in current microwave technology development; gated field emission for microwave cathodes; cathode fabrication and tests; microwave cathode design using field emitters; and microwave localization.

  14. Linear actuator powered flapping wing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher Lee

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small scale unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have proven themselves to be useful, but often too noisy for certain operations due to their rotary motors. This project examined the feasibility of using an almost silent linear ...

  15. An Augmented Primal-Dual Method for Linear Conic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 11, 2007 ... apd-function with a conjugate gradient method illustrate the ... as a conjugate gradient type method or a limited memory BFGS method.

  16. A FAST SIMPLEX ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR PROGRAMMING 1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    its approximation Devex rule [6] are now accepted to be as the best ones, and are commonly used in commercial packages, such as CPLEX [1, 7]. Recently, Pan ...

  17. An application of linear programming to a Mississippi Delta farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Fred Thomas

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )nomlct, december, l&jg4. Of'u, iCK 8, D=SO --'. , I 1, F81 '. , " l 11, S. I. , 'Otm~ 81188 COO * h SO ' C 38tlf 8 IIII~ ~ SSIIS '8 SI ith, r opportunities 'n uthern love arms, love . . . ;xlcult nal Exp:. rlment totbm, es-arch ~ latin i;~, JancWrs ~ 19QO...

  18. Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardoso, Goncalo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of offering strategies for a wind power producer, Electricdevelop offering strategies for wind power production whilethe uncertainty in wind power and market prices. In [23],

  19. Scheduling Smart Home Appliances Using Mixed Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    electricity generation, personal electrical vehicles (PEVs) and distributed electricity generation the wind power's dynamic contribution to electricity generation and the PEVs' random demand of electricity electricity cost scheduling problem of smart home appliances. Operation char- acteristics, such as expected

  20. On Solving Single-objective Fuzzy Integer Linear Fractional Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar Saad

    2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 5, 2009 ... Citation: Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Helwan University Ain Helwan, Postal Code 11792, Cairo, Egypt. Download: ...

  1. Objective space for multiple objectives linear fractional programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Said Tantawy

    2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 13, 2007 ... Citation: Mathematics Department Faculty of Science, Helwan University (11795) Cairo, Egypt. Download: [Postscript][PDF]. Entry Submitted: ...

  2. Linear programming optimization for aquifer influence functions on microcomputers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Don L

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    for increasing operating speed and efficient computer storage with the AIF p~ on micraccmputers. Three LP methods were investigated on microoczrputers using the AIF p~: (I) the simplex method, (2) the revised simplex methcd, and (3) the symmetric msthcd. Each... ACKNOWLEIGEMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION LP METHODS V V1 V11 Simplex Methcd Revised Simplex Methcd Symmetric Methcd 5 12 18 TEST PROBLEMS 23 Test Problem 1 Test Problem 2 23 24 25 DISCUSSION OF RESULTS 03...

  3. Tools for primal degenerate linear programs: IPS, DCA, and PE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the selection of a compatible variable to enter the basis ensures a nondegenerate pivot, PE .... At the heart of this framework lies the search for so-

  4. New Semidefinite Programming Relaxations for the Linear Ordering ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The inverse operation to (11) is given by v j i ? vj?1 ... In Subsection 3.2 we conduct a polyhedral study to obtain semidefinite relaxations for the. (LOP) based on ...

  5. Looking for strong polynomiality in Linear Programming : Arguments ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    peter bruijs

    2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    L) operations equally on O(L)-digit numbers are involved. It is clear that ..... there is more detailed information on the conduct of the revised algorithm. Especially ...

  6. A polynomial relaxation-type algorithm for linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 6, 2011 ... The paper proposes a polynomial algorithm for solving systems of ... a polynomial relaxation-type procedure which either finds a solution for.

  7. The Concept of Recoverable Robustness, Linear Programming Recovery,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lübbecke, Marco

    Christian Liebchen, Marco L¨ubbecke, Rolf M¨ohring, and Sebastian Stiller Technische Universit¨at Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 136, 10623 Berlin, Germany {liebchen,m.luebbecke,moehring,stiller

  8. Calmness of linear programs under perturbations of all data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M.J. Cánovas

    2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    May 26, 2014 ... Abstract: This paper provides operative point-based formulas (only involving the nominal data, and not data in a neighborhood) for computing ...

  9. A Cutting Surface Method for Uncertain Linear Programs with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 6, 2008 ... Since the utility function of a decision maker is not known to us, if we would like to ensure that X ... Then P is the line segment connecting.

  10. An Effective Heuristic for Multistage Stochastic Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    May 28, 2013 ... The average CPLEX time for the EV, ELP and SLP approaches has been ...... ability of any resource will prevent sales of the bundle, which ...

  11. Multi-stage Stochastic Linear Programming: Scenarios Versus Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    average scenario). In the ELP approach, the potentially huge scenario tree of the SLP approach is ...... [13] J. Gondzio, R. Sarkissian, and J.-Ph. Vial. Parallel ...

  12. an elementary proof of optimality conditions for linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    References. Acknowledgement. This note has its origin in discussions with Krister Svanberg on elementary proofs of Farkas' lemma. References. [1] A. Charnes.

  13. Interior-Point Algorithms for a Generalization of Linear Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Acknowledgement. I am grateful to Eric Denardo for a series of conversations that stimulated my interest in the topic of this paper. 11 ...

  14. How bad is a gradient algorithm for linear programming?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    peter

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 20, 2011 ... Acknowledgement. Early discussions around 1980 with Erik van Doorn, as well as recent discussions with Kees. Roos and Michael Todd have ...

  15. PuLP: A Linear Programming Toolkit for Python

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 5, 2011 ... PuLP is a high-level modelling library that leverages the power of the ..... ness between any two people is a function of the number of letters ...

  16. a nonstandard simplex algorithm for linear programming 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten Algorithms in the Twenty Century (IEEE2002), it is one of the most famous and ... Section 3 formulas the proposed nonstandard algorithm. Section 4 deals ...

  17. Uniform Linear Transformation with Repair and Alternation in Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spector, Lee

    to the publication of this chapter we discovered that there was a bug in our code for the padding step of our ULTRA scheme does perform as reported here, and its source code is available at https://github.com/lspector/Clojush/blob/a1fd37f2a57b10319b16d66bcd2d6707d31c540c/src/clojush/pushgp/genetic_operators.clj #12;2 Lee Spector

  18. THE CENTRAL CURVE IN LINEAR PROGRAMMING 1. Introduction ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Newton steps needed to reach the optimal solution is to bound the total curvature of the ... On the right a close-up of the central path and its inflection points. cT = (?

  19. Equivalence of an Approximate Linear Programming Bound with the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 6, 2013 ... management [5], stochastic games [32] and stochastic vehicle routing [47]. ...... The traveling-salesman problem and minimum spanning trees, ...

  20. mixed zero-one linear programs under objective uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    mization problems including the spanning tree [17], assignment [1, 29, 26, 32], traveling ...... Stochastic Sensitivity Analysis of Highest Order Statistic. ..... [17] A. M. Frieze (1985) On the value of a random minimum spanning tree problem, ...

  1. Linear Dynamic Programs for Resource Management Marek Petrik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    a river reservoir to produce hydroelectric power. Among renewable sources, hydroelectricity has the lowest management can therefore significantly reduce carbon emissions. Hydroelectric power is usually produced

  2. Short Communication: A Linear Programming Approach for the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This work addresses the computation of free-energy differences between .... In this work, we enhance the morphing procedure by incorporating per-.

  3. Tools for primal degenerate linear programs: IPS, DCA, and PE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Bertrand Gauthier

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 8, 2014 ... Abstract: This paper describes three recent tools for dealing with primal ... The idea is to work only with those constraints that correspond to ...

  4. On a new collection of stochastic linear programming testproblems ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy is supplied by many different technologies, including hydro power .... ogy ¾ , which corresponds to peak consumption in period ..... ? i ? port (epz?{ .

  5. Improved Linear Programming Bounds for Antipodal Spherical Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and include all codes obtained as the collection of minimal vectors in a lattice. ... We also show that for n = 4, 6 and 7 the antipodal codes with. maximal kissing ...

  6. A Stable Primal-Dual Approach for Linear Programming under ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    computations in this section were done on a Sun-Fire-480R running SunOS 5.8. ... negative effect that the loss of sparsity has on the stable direct solver, since ..... centiat thesis, Department of Mathematics, Linköping University, Sweden, 1991.

  7. Economic analysis of the Stiles Farm: a linear programming approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barreyro, Hector Ramon

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cotton allotrent; 1, 033. 5 ac. & X (ll) For feed crain base; 1, 498 ac. & X In the case of' objective function two' the acreace restriction equations are: (12) . -. 'or effecti. v cottcn allotment; 1, 033. 5 ac. & X + X 7 (13) 7 :"or dc:. stic... cotton alloi~~t; 671. 77 ac. & X (14) =or cotton diverted acres; 310. 00 ac. & X + X (15) (16) :-or feed gra'n base; 1, 498. 00 ac. & X3 + X4 + X5 . or dom-. stic feed crain base; 749. 00 ac. & X3 (17) For paic crain sorghum diversion. 499. 00 ac...

  8. Chance Constrained Mixed Integer Program: Bilinear and Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    typically introduced to model decisions with concrete definitions in practice, e.g., quantity of ..... Indeed, given that our testing instances are unstructured, we.

  9. An Algorithm for Nonlinear Optimization Using Linear Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We use the routine MA27 from the HSL library. [16] to factor ..... All tests described in this paper were performed on a Sun Ultra 5, with 1Gb of memory running ...

  10. Protein Helical Topology Prediction Using Mixed-Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Allister Department of Chemical Engineering Princeton University The protein folding problem represents one enhances the ASTRO-FOLD protein folding approach of Klepeis and Floudas (2003), which finds the structure

  11. A linear induction motor conveyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solinsky, Kenneth Sheldon

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A LINEAR INCUCTION MOTOR CONVEYER A Thesis Kenneth Sheldon. Solinsky Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER 07 SCIENCE May 1973 Major Subject: Industrial.... Howie, USAMC-ITC-P/P, Red River Army Depot, Texarkana, Texas 75501. Approved owxe, xe , ro uc o uction Engineering For the Commander ne , grec or, I A LINEAR INDUCTION MOTOR CONVEYER A Thesis by Kenneth Sheldon Solinsky App ved as to style...

  12. A dynamical formulation of one-dimensional scattering theory and its applications in optics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mostafazadeh, Ali, E-mail: amostafazadeh@ku.edu.tr

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a dynamical formulation of one-dimensional scattering theory where the reflection and transmission amplitudes for a general, possibly complex and energy-dependent, scattering potential are given as solutions of a set of dynamical equations. By decoupling and partially integrating these equations, we reduce the scattering problem to a second order linear differential equation with universal initial conditions that is equivalent to an initial-value time-independent Schrödinger equation. We give explicit formulas for the reflection and transmission amplitudes in terms of the solution of either of these equations and employ them to outline an inverse-scattering method for constructing finite-range potentials with desirable scattering properties at any prescribed wavelength. In particular, we construct optical potentials displaying threshold lasing, antilasing, and unidirectional invisibility. -- Highlights: • Proposes a dynamical theory of scattering in one dimension. • Derives and solves dynamical equations for scattering data. • Gives a new inverse scattering prescription. • Constructs optical potentials with desired scattering properties.

  13. Frame Indifferent Formulation of Maxwell's Elastic Fluid and the Rational Continuum Mechanics of the Electromagnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christo I. Christov

    2011-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the linearized equations of the incompressible elastic medium admit a `Maxwell form' in which the shear component of the stress vector plays the role of the electric field, and the vorticity plays the role of the magnetic field. Conversely, the set of dynamic Maxwell equations are strict mathematical corollaries from the governing equations of the incompressible elastic medium. This suggests that the nature of `electromagnetic field' may actually be related to an elastic continuous medium. The analogy is complete if the medium is assumed to behave as fluid in shear motions, while it may still behave as elastic solid under compressional motions. Then the governing equations of the elastic fluid are re-derived in the Eulerian frame by replacing the partial time derivatives by the properly invariant (frame indifferent) time rates. The `Maxwell from' of the frame indifferent formulation gives the frame indifferent system that is to replace the Maxwell system. This new system comprises terms already present in the classical Maxwell equations, alongside terms that are the progenitors of the Biot--Savart, Oersted--Ampere's, and Lorentz--force laws. Thus a frame indifferent (truly covariant) formulation of electromagnetism is achieved from a single postulate that the electromagnetic field is a kind of elastic (partly liquid partly solid) continuum.

  14. Identifying Redundant Linear Constraints in Systems of Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 22, 2006 ... This project was partially supported by an REU-NSF grant of ... metric Programming, Kluwer Academic Publishers, International Series in ...

  15. A new asymptotic preserving scheme based on micro-macro formulation for linear kinetic equations in the diffusion limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieussens, Luc

    of the particles is small, a macroscopic description--such as diffusion equation in neutron transport and radiative transport equations. It is based on a decomposition of the distribution function into equilibrium and non. transport equations, diffusion limit, asymptotic preserving schemes, stiff terms AMS subject classifications

  16. Non Linear Beam Dynamics Studies at SPEAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terebilo, A.; Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA; Cornacchia, M.; Corbett, J.; Martin, D.; /SLAC

    2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The frequency map analysis of a Hamiltonian system recently introduced to accelerators physics in combination with turn-by-turn phase space measurements opens new experimental opportunities for studying non linear dynamic in storage rings. In this paper we report on the experimental program at SPEAR having the goal of measuring the frequency map of the machine. In this paper we discuss the accuracy of the instantaneous tune extraction from experimental data and demonstrate the possibility of the frequency map measurement. The instantaneous tune extraction technique can be applied to experimental tracking data with reasonable accuracy. Frequency map can be experimentally determined using the existing turn-by-turn phase space measurement techniques and NAFF instantaneous tune extraction.

  17. Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School;Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School/ College 1

  18. Application of Darboux Transformation to solve Multisoliton Solution on Non-linear Schrödinger Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agung Trisetyarso

    2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Darboux transformation is one of the methods used in solving nonlinear evolution equation. Basically, the Darboux transformation is a linear algebra formulation of the solutions of the Zakharov-Shabat system of equations associated with the nonlinear evolution equation. In this work, the evolution of monochromatic electromagnetic wave in a nonlinear-dispersive optical medium is considered. Using the Darboux transformation, explicit multisoliton solutions (one to three soliton solutions) are obtained from a trivial initial solution.

  19. Superactive cellulase formulation using cellobiohydrolase-1 from Penicillium funiculosum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adney, William S. (Golden, CO); Baker, John O. (Golden, CO); Decker, Stephen R. (Berthoud, CO); Chou, Yat-Chen (Golden, CO); Himmel, Michael E. (Littleton, CO); Ding, Shi-You (Golden, CO)

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Purified cellobiohydrolase I (glycosyl hydrolase family 7 (Cel7A) enzymes from Penicillium funiculosum demonstrate a high level of specific performance in comparison to other Cel7 family member enzymes when formulated with purified EIcd endoglucanase from A. cellulolyticus and tested on pretreated corn stover. This result is true of the purified native enzyme, as well as recombinantly expressed enzyme, for example, that enzyme expressed in a non-native Aspergillus host. In a specific example, the specific performance of the formulation using purified recombinant Cel7A from Penicillium funiculosum expressed in A. awamori is increased by more than 200% when compared to a formulation using purified Cel7A from Trichoderma reesei.

  20. Superactive cellulase formulation using cellobiohydrolase-1 from Penicillium funiculosum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adney, William S.; Baker, John O.; Decker, Stephen R.; Chou, Yat-Chen; Himmel, Michael E.; Ding, Shi-You

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Purified cellobiohydrolase I (glycosyl hydrolase family 7 (Cel7A)) enzymes from Penicillium funiculosum demonstrate a high level of specific performance in comparison to other Cel7 family member enzymes when formulated with purified EIcd endoglucanase from A. cellulolyticus and tested on pretreated corn stover. This result is true of the purified native enzyme, as well as recombinantly expressed enzyme, for example, that enzyme expressed in a non-native Aspergillus host. In a specific example, the specific performance of the formulation using purified recombinant Cel7A from Penicillium funiculosum expressed in A. awamori is increased by more than 200% when compared to a formulation using purified Cel7A from Trichoderma reesei.

  1. Decontamination formulation with additive for enhanced mold remediation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuquerque, NM); Irvine, Kevin (Huntsville, AL); Berger, Paul (Rome, NY); Comstock, Robert (Bel Air, MD)

    2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Decontamination formulations with an additive for enhancing mold remediation. The formulations include a solubilizing agent (e.g., a cationic surfactant), a reactive compound (e.g., hydrogen peroxide), a carbonate or bicarbonate salt, a water-soluble bleaching activator (e.g., propylene glycol diacetate or glycerol diacetate), a mold remediation enhancer containing Fe or Mn, and water. The concentration of Fe.sup.2+ or Mn.sup.2+ ions in the aqueous mixture is in the range of about 0.0001% to about 0.001%. The enhanced formulations can be delivered, for example, as a foam, spray, liquid, fog, mist, or aerosol for neutralization of chemical compounds, and for killing certain biological compounds or agents and mold spores, on contaminated surfaces and materials.

  2. Summary compilation of shell element performance versus formulation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heinstein, Martin Wilhelm; Hales, Jason Dean (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Breivik, Nicole L.; Key, Samuel W. (FMA Development, LLC, Great Falls, MT)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document compares the finite element shell formulations in the Sierra Solid Mechanics code. These are finite elements either currently in the Sierra simulation codes Presto and Adagio, or expected to be added to them in time. The list of elements are divided into traditional two-dimensional, plane stress shell finite elements, and three-dimensional solid finite elements that contain either modifications or additional terms designed to represent the bending stiffness expected to be found in shell formulations. These particular finite elements are formulated for finite deformation and inelastic material response, and, as such, are not based on some of the elegant formulations that can be found in an elastic, infinitesimal finite element setting. Each shell element is subjected to a series of 12 verification and validation test problems. The underlying purpose of the tests here is to identify the quality of both the spatially discrete finite element gradient operator and the spatially discrete finite element divergence operator. If the derivation of the finite element is proper, the discrete divergence operator is the transpose of the discrete gradient operator. An overall summary is provided from which one can rank, at least in an average sense, how well the individual formulations can be expected to perform in applications encountered year in and year out. A letter grade has been assigned albeit sometimes subjectively for each shell element and each test problem result. The number of A's, B's, C's, et cetera assigned have been totaled, and a grade point average (GPA) has been computed, based on a 4.0-system. These grades, combined with a comparison between the test problems and the application problem, can be used to guide an analyst to select the element with the best shell formulation.

  3. An Adaptive Linear Approximation Algorithm for Copositive ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 ... In this paper we are concerned with the topic of conic formulations and relaxations for ..... survey on this topic including convergence results is [12].

  4. Precise Formulation of Neutrino Oscillation in the Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei Liao

    2008-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a perturbation theory of neutrino oscillation in the Earth. The perturbation theory is valid for neutrinos with energy $E \\gsim 0.5$ GeV. It is formulated using trajectory dependent average potential. Non-adiabatic contributions are included as the first order effects in the perturbation theory. We analyze neutrino oscillation with standard matter effect and with non-standard matter effect. In a three flavor analysis we show that the perturbation theory gives a precise description of neutrino conversion in the Earth. Effect of the Earth matter is substantially simplified in this formulation.

  5. Biholomorphic maps with linear parts having Jordan blocks: linearization and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan block. Our main result proves convergence of the linearizing transformation of maps for which the Jordan part of the spectrum lies inside the unit circle and the spectrum satis#12;es a R in (C [x]) n , (1.2) where C [x] stands for the set of all formal power series with complex coe

  6. Linear operator inequalities for strongly stable weakly regular linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtain, Ruth F.

    that A has compact resolvent and its eigenvectors form a Riesz basis for the state space, we give an explicit to a spectral factorization problem and to a lin- ear quadratic optimal control problem. More concretely R, which implies that R #21; 0. The associated linear matrix inequality in the unknown self

  7. Appendix 3-3-The complete model formulation for detailed multiple release software product simulation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahmandad, Hazhir

    simulation model In this appendix the model formulations for the detailed simulation model (discussed

  8. Transition properties from the Hermitian formulation of the coupled cluster polarization propagator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucholska, Aleksandra M., E-mail: tuchol@tiger.chem.uw.edu.pl; Modrzejewski, Marcin; Moszynski, Robert [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory of one-electron transition density matrices has been formulated within the time-independent coupled cluster method for the polarization propagator [R. Moszynski, P. S. ?uchowski, and B. Jeziorski, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun. 70, 1109 (2005)]. Working expressions have been obtained and implemented with the coupled cluster method limited to single, double, and linear triple excitations (CC3). Selected dipole and quadrupole transition probabilities of the alkali earth atoms, computed with the new transition density matrices are compared to the experimental data. Good agreement between theory and experiment is found. The results obtained with the new approach are of the same quality as the results obtained with the linear response coupled cluster theory. The one-electron density matrices for the ground state in the CC3 approximation have also been implemented. The dipole moments for a few representative diatomic molecules have been computed with several variants of the new approach, and the results are discussed to choose the approximation with the best balance between the accuracy and computational efficiency.

  9. Linearized theory of peridynamic states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silling, Stewart Andrew

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

  10. Linear electric field mass spectrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry are described. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field. 8 figs.

  11. Transformations for densities Linear transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Robert J.

    ' & $ % Lecture 28 Transformations for densities Linear transformations 1-1 differentiable functions General transformations Expectation of a function 1 #12;' & $ % Transformations for discrete transformation of a U[0, 1] · Take X U[0, 1], so that fX(x) = 1 0 0 and set Y

  12. Sponsored Program Resources SPONSORED PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Sponsored Program Resources - 1 - SPONSORED PROGRAMS Sponsored programs are research, instruction for sponsored programs is provided through an agreement between the sponsor and Syracuse University are being achieved and funds properly used Sponsored programs are managed by the Office of Sponsored

  13. Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

    Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscagliaa of flows with significant surface tension effects has grown significantly in recent years. This has been, since at small length scales surface phenomena are dominant. In this article, surface tension

  14. Re-formulation of combined system wave-function formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph F. Johnson

    2006-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a formulation of combined systems in orthodox non-relativistic quantum mechanics, mathematically equivalent to the usual one. For context and larger issues, see http://euclid.unh.edu/~jjohnson/axiomatics.html and http://arxiv.org/quant-ph/0502124

  15. Systematic investigation of protein phase behavior with a microfluidic formulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    for rapidly generating complex mixtures of 32 stock reagents in a 5-nl reactor. This ``formulation chip. There are a variety of schemes that manipulate the kinetics of the crystallization process, and all take advantage protein. Every protein is different, and even a modest subset of stock precipitating solutions comprises

  16. Analysis of a finite element formulation for modelling phase separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, G N; Garikipati, Krishna

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equation, which makes its numerical solution particularly challenging. To this end, a finite element formulation has been developed which can solve the Cahn-Hilliard equation in its primal form using C^0 basis functions. Here, analysis of a fully discrete...

  17. Toward a wave turbulence formulation of statistical nonlinear optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnier, Josselin

    Toward a wave turbulence formulation of statistical nonlinear optics Josselin Garnier,1, * Mietek optical waves have been reported in the literature. This article is aimed at providing a generalized wave, the process of optical wave thermalization to thermo- dynamic equilibrium, which slows down significantly

  18. Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of systems within Caputo's fractional derivative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eqab M. Rabei; Ibtesam Almayteh; Sami I. Muslih; Dumitru Baleanu

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we develop a fractional Hamilton-Jacobi formulation for discrete systems in terms of fractional Caputo derivatives. The fractional action function is obtained and the solutions of the equations of motion are recovered. An example is studied in details.

  19. A General Formulation for the Stiffness Matrix of Parallel Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the Cartesian stiffness matrix of parallel mechanisms. The proposed formulation is more general than any other is given in order to illustrate the correctness of this matrix. 1 Introduction A robotic manipulator is a mechanism designed to displace objects in space or in a plane. Therefore, a high precision in the position

  20. Dynamical formulations and control of an automatic retargeting system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sovinsky, Michael Charles

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    .............. 3 A. Other Diagonalized Forms . ................. 4 1. MassMatrixFactorization ............... 4 2. EigenstructureQuasiVelocityFormulation ...... 5 III THE HAMEL FORM ........................ 7 A.ControlUsingHamelForm.................. 9 B.... ......................... 21 3 Time Histories of the Quasi Velocities. ................. 22 4 Difference Between the Current Energy and Initial Energy for Ten Seconds. .................................. 22 5 Difference Between the Current Energy and Initial Energy When...

  1. Optimal demand response: problem formulation and deterministic case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    Optimal demand response: problem formulation and deterministic case Lijun Chen, Na Li, Libin Jiang load through real-time demand response and purchases balancing power on the spot market to meet, optimal demand response reduces to joint scheduling of the procurement and consumption decisions

  2. Fractal Inverse Problem: Approximation Formulation and Differential Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guérin, Eric

    Fractal Inverse Problem: Approximation Formulation and Differential Methods ´Eric Gu´erin1 Introduction 1.1 Fractal Inverse Problem The fractal inverse problem is an important research area with a great number of potential application fields. It consists in finding a fractal model or code that generates

  3. A new formulation of differential radiosity and a rendering application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A new formulation of differential radiosity and a rendering application D. Arquès V. Biri O. The gradient of this solution have been studied but not often used in a context of pure rendering. We present in this article a method to render a surface using the radiosity contour levels. First, we define a differential

  4. COMPARISON OF VARIOUS FORMULATIONS OF THREEPHASE FLOW IN POROUS MEDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    permeability and capillary pressure curves satisfy a so­called total differential condition, the pseudo­global, oil, and gas) flow in porous media, including phase, global, and pseudo­global pressure and numerically presented for the first time. It is shown that the global pressure­saturation formulation

  5. New Formulation of Causal Dissipative Hydrodynamics: Shock wave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ph. Mota; G. S. Denicol; T. Koide; T. Kodama

    2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The first 3D calculation of shock wave propagation in a homogeneous QGP has been performed within the new formulation of relativistic dissipative hydrodynamics which preserves the causality. We found that the relaxation time plays an important role and also affects the angle of Mach cone.

  6. Performance-Based Evaluation of an Improved Robust Optimization Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    of risk, and ability to adapt. Formulating a tool to meet the information needs of a decision management; Benefit-cost analysis; Decision-making under uncertainty; Regional planning. Introduction), and (4) risk of performance deterioration (sustainability). In addition, a decision-maker may want

  7. Formulation of soluble oils with synthetic and petroleum sulfonates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckard, A.; Riff, I.; Weaver, J. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States)

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metalworking fluids for metal removal are formulated to provide cooling, lubrication, and rust protection when cutting and machining metals. There are basically four types of cutting fluids: straight oils, synthetics, semisynthetic fluids and soluble oils. The last type is the most widely used for metal removal operations such as cutting, drilling and grinding. Soluble oils used for metalworking operations are normally the oil-in-water type, with oil as the internal phase and water as the external phase. The soluble oils can have rather complex compositions, usually containing two or more emulsifiers and coupling agents, as well as additives to provide rust inhibition, lubricity, detergency, resistance to bacterial attack and foam control. The dominant emulsifier in a soluble oil is usually sodium sulfonate which also has the secondary benefit of being a rust inhibitor. Soluble oil emulsions based on petroleum or synthetic sulfonates have been found to improve lubrication and cleaning of metal parts and equipment. As has been done previously, a series of emulsification studies were conducted using petroleum and synthetic sulfonates. Emulsifier level, coemulsifiers and minor formulation adjustments were made to optimize each system. This study was made using naphthenic oil basestock. Formulations were evaluated using criteria including concentrate stability, hard and soft water emulsion stability, emulsibility, foaming tendency and response to defoamers, antirust properties and cost effectiveness of individual formulations. The results of these evaluations are presented in the present paper.

  8. Formulating Cyber-Security as Convex Optimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hespanha, João Pedro

    Formulating Cyber-Security as Convex Optimization Problems Kyriakos G. Vamvoudakis, Jo~ao P. Mission-centric cyber-security analysts require a complete overview and understanding of the state. Keywords: Cyber-Security, Convex Optimization, System Identifica- tion, iCTF 1 Introduction Guaranteeing

  9. Formulating Cyber-Security as Convex Optimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    Formulating Cyber-Security as Convex Optimization ProblemsÃ? Kyriakos G. Vamvoudakis1 , Jo~ao P,vigna}@cs.ucsb.edu Abstract. Mission-centric cyber-security analysts require a complete overview and understanding The Flag (iCTF) hacking competition. Keywords: Cyber-Security, Convex Optimization, System Identifica- tion

  10. Parallel Formulations of Tree-Projection-Based Sequence Mining Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karypis, George

    , database projection algorithms, data mining, parallel processing This work was supported by NSF CCR-9972519 Institute. 1 #12;1 Introduction In recent years there has been an increased interest in using data miningParallel Formulations of Tree-Projection-Based Sequence Mining Algorithm Valerie Guralnik

  11. Why quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan

    2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum dynamics is linear. How do we know? From theory or experiment? The history of this question is reviewed. Nonlinear generalizations of quantum mechanics have been proposed. They predict small but clear nonlinear effects, which very accurate experiments have not seen. Is there a reason in principle why nonlinearity is not found? Is it impossible? Does quantum dynamics have to be linear? Attempts to prove this have not been decisive, because either their assumptions are not compelling or their arguments are not conclusive. The question has been left unsettled. There is a simple answer, based on a simple assumption. It was found in two steps separated by 44 years. They are steps back to simpler and more compelling assumptions. A proof of the assumptions of the Wigner-Bargmann proof has been known since 1962. It assumes that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. For this step, it is also assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease. In a step taken in 2006, it is proved that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. It is assumed, as in the earlier step, that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics, so the question is only about how things change in time. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system, but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system.

  12. Program Manager

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A successful candidate in this position will participate in a wide spectrum of program and project management activities involving systems engineering and integration support for Defense Programs...

  13. Program Administration

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume describes program administration that establishes and maintains effective organizational management and control of the emergency management program. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

  14. Environmental Programs Environmental Programs Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    162 Environmental Programs Environmental Programs Committee Walter Whitfield Isle, Chair (English) Katherine Bennett Ensor (Statistics) Mark R. Wiesner (Civil and Environmental Engineering) Donald Ostdiek (Architecture) The Environmental Programs Committee coordinates courses and curricula on environmental topics

  15. Segmented rail linear induction motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

  16. Segmented rail linear induction motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

    1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

  17. Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.

  18. Precision linear ramp function generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jatko, W.B.; McNeilly, D.R.; Thacker, L.H.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ramp function generator is provided which produces a precise linear ramp function which is repeatable and highly stable. A derivative feedback loop is used to stabilize the output of an integrator in the forward loop and control the ramp rate. The ramp may be started from a selected baseline voltage level and the desired ramp rate is selected by applying an appropriate constant voltage to the input of the integrator.

  19. Planning aquatic ecosystem restoration monitoring programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thom, R.M.; Wellman, K.F.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was conducted as part of the Evaluation of Environmental Investments Research Program (EEIRP). The EEIRP is sponsored by the US Army Corps of Engineers. The objectives of this work are to (1) identify relevant approaches and features for environmental investment measures to be applied throughout the project life; (2) develop methods to access the effectiveness of the approach or feature for providing the intended environmental output; (3) develop and provide guidance for formulating environmental projects; and (4) provide guidance for formulating and identifying relevant cost components of alternate restoration plans.

  20. International linear collider reference design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aarons, G.

    2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Linear Collider will give physicists a new cosmic doorway to explore energy regimes beyond the reach of today's accelerators. A proposed electron-positron collider, the ILC will complement the Large Hadron Collider, a proton-proton collider at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, together unlocking some of the deepest mysteries in the universe. With LHC discoveries pointing the way, the ILC -- a true precision machine -- will provide the missing pieces of the puzzle. Consisting of two linear accelerators that face each other, the ILC will hurl some 10 billion electrons and their anti-particles, positrons, toward each other at nearly the speed of light. Superconducting accelerator cavities operating at temperatures near absolute zero give the particles more and more energy until they smash in a blazing crossfire at the centre of the machine. Stretching approximately 35 kilometres in length, the beams collide 14,000 times every second at extremely high energies -- 500 billion-electron-volts (GeV). Each spectacular collision creates an array of new particles that could answer some of the most fundamental questions of all time. The current baseline design allows for an upgrade to a 50-kilometre, 1 trillion-electron-volt (TeV) machine during the second stage of the project. This reference design provides the first detailed technical snapshot of the proposed future electron-positron collider, defining in detail the technical parameters and components that make up each section of the 31-kilometer long accelerator. The report will guide the development of the worldwide R&D program, motivate international industrial studies and serve as the basis for the final engineering design needed to make an official project proposal later this decade.

  1. EMPIRICAL MODEL FOR FORMULATION OF CRYSTAL-TOLERANT HLW GLASSES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRUGER AA; MATYAS J; HUCKLEBERRY AR; VIENNA JD; RODRIGUEZ CA

    2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically, high-level waste (HLW) glasses have been formulated with a low liquideus temperature (T{sub L}), or temperature at which the equilibrium fraction of spinel crystals in the melt is below 1 vol % (T{sub 0.01}), nominally below 1050 C. These constraints cannot prevent the accumulation of large spinel crystals in considerably cooler regions ({approx} 850 C) of the glass discharge riser during melter idling and significantly limit the waste loading, which is reflected in a high volume of waste glass, and would result in high capital, production, and disposal costs. A developed empirical model predicts crystal accumulation in the riser of the melter as a function of concentration of spinel-forming components in glass, and thereby provides guidance in formulating crystal-tolerant glasses that would allow high waste loadings by keeping the spinel crystals small and therefore suspended in the glass.

  2. Treatment of anisotropic damage development within a scalar damage formulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, K.S. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States); Bodner, S.R. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)][Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Munson, D.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is concerned with describing a damage mechanics formulation which provides for non-isotropic effects using a scalar damage variable. An investigation has been in progress for establishing the constitutive behavior of rock salt at long times and low to moderate confining pressures in relation to the possible use of excavated rooms in rock salt formations as repositories for nuclear waste. An important consideration is the effect of damage manifested principally by the formation of shear induced wing cracks which have a stress dependent orientation. The analytical formulation utilizes a scalar damage parameter, but is capable of indicating the non- isotropic dependence of inelastic straining on the stress state and the confining pressure. Also, the equations indicate the possibility of volumetric expansions leading to the onset of tertiary creep and eventually rupture if the damage variable reaches a critical value.

  3. Use of naphthenic base stocks in engine oil formulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josefina, V.C.M.; Armando, I.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of naphthenic base stocks in the formulation of engine oils has always been restricted due to certain physico-chemical properties (i.e. low oxidation stability, high volatility, great variation of the viscosity with the temperature) as well as the limited availability of this type of base oil in many parts of the world. This paper summarizes the experimental results followed in the development of a crankcase engine oil formulation SAE 40, API SF/CC with maximum usage of a naphthenic base stock MVIN-170 combined with HVI stocks and conventional additive technologies. The physico-chemical characterization of the MVIN-170 base stock, a conventional processed napthenic oil that Maraven (affiliate of PDVSA) commercializes from Isla Refinery of Curazao, is presented and compared with other napthenic oils coming from other crude sources of processes and with parafinic base stocks of equivalent viscosity.

  4. Bound reduction using pairs of linear inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    (FBBT), developed originally for Artificial Intelligence [9] and Constraint Programming and then successfully employed in Nonlinear Programming [19] and ...

  5. Wheat Improvement Programs WHEAT PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Royalty revenues, which assist funding of programs and attracting/retaining top scientists, have increased

  6. The affine-null metric formulation of Einstein's equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Winicour

    2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The details are presented of a new evolution algorithm for the characteristic initial-boundary value problem based upon an affine parameter rather than the areal radial coordinate used in the Bondi-Sachs formulation. The advantages over the Bondi-Sachs version are discussed, with particular emphasis on the application to the characteristic extraction of the gravitational waveform from Cauchy simulations of general relativistic astrophysical systems.

  7. Unit I-4 More about linear maps 1 More about linear maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit I-4 More about linear maps 1 Unit I-4 More about linear maps Unit I-4 More about linear maps 2 Using bases to define linear maps · V, U vector spaces · a unique linear map T: V U is determined · if v = a1v1 + ... + anvn then T(v) = a1T(v1) + ... + anT(vn) Unit I-4 More about linear maps 3 Example

  8. Linear Accelerator | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011Liisa O'Neill About Us LiisaLin WangLinear

  9. New architecture for RF power amplifier linearization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Hyun H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power amplifier linearization has become an important part of the transmitter system as 3G and developing 4G communication standards require higher linearity than ever before. The thesis proposes two power amplifier ...

  10. Low Emissions Potential of EGR-SCR-DPF and Advanced Fuel Formulation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Potential of EGR-SCR-DPF and Advanced Fuel Formulation - A Progress Report Low Emissions Potential of EGR-SCR-DPF and Advanced Fuel Formulation - A Progress Report 2003...

  11. A rigorous compressible streamline formulation for black oil and compositional simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osako, Ichiro

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study for the first time we generalize streamline models to compressible flow using a rigorous formulation while retaining most of its computational advantages. Our new formulation is based on three major elements and requires only minor...

  12. A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries. A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for...

  13. Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bostan, Mihai

    Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction configurations of elastic struc- tures in contact with Coulomb friction. We obtain a variational formulation configurations with arbitrary small friction coefficients. We illustrate the result in two space dimensions

  14. Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems II. Boundary Control by Interconnection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaft, Arjan van der

    Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems II. Boundary Control, some new results concerning the boundary control of distributed parameter systems in port Hamiltonian form are presented. The classical finite dimen- sional port Hamiltonian formulation of a dynamical

  15. Repair of overheating linear accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barkley, Walter; Baldwin, William; Bennett, Gloria; Bitteker, Leo; Borden, Michael; Casados, Jeff; Fitzgerald, Daniel; Gorman, Fred; Johnson, Kenneth; Kurennoy, Sergey; Martinez, Alberto; O’Hara, James; Perez, Edward; Roller, Brandon; Rybarcyk, Lawrence; Stark, Peter; Stockton, Jerry

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is a proton accelerator that produces high energy particle beams for experiments. These beams include neutrons and protons for diverse uses including radiography, isotope production, small feature study, lattice vibrations and material science. The Drift Tube Linear Accelerator (DTL) is the first portion of a half mile long linear section of accelerator that raises the beam energy from 750 keV to 100 MeV. In its 31st year of operation (2003), the DTL experienced serious issues. The first problem was the inability to maintain resonant frequency at full power. The second problem was increased occurrences of over-temperature failure of cooling hoses. These shortcomings led to an investigation during the 2003 yearly preventative maintenance shutdown that showed evidence of excessive heating: discolored interior tank walls and coper oxide deposition in the cooling circuits. Since overheating was suspected to be caused by compromised heat transfer, improving that was the focus of the repair effort. Investigations revealed copper oxide flow inhibition and iron oxide scale build up. Acid cleaning was implemented with careful attention to protection of the base metal, selection of components to clean and minimization of exposure times. The effort has been very successful in bringing the accelerator through a complete eight month run cycle allowing an incredible array of scientific experiments to be completed this year (2003-2004). This paper will describe the systems, investigation analysis, repair, return to production and conclusion.

  16. (Parallel Linear Algebra Package) Jess Cmara Moreno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    álgebra lineal (Linear Algebra Objects). También permite la utilización de vistas (objetos referenciadosPLAPACK (Parallel Linear Algebra Package) Jesús Cámara Moreno Programación Paralela y Computación Reducción de Vectores Inicialización de PLAPACK. Funciones. Templates. Funciones. Linear Algebra Objects

  17. Academic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Department of Mathematics offers a comprehensive educational program in applied and computational mathematics, and promotes both fundamental ...

  18. Enhanced algorithms for stochastic programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishna, A.S.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, we present some of the recent advances made in solving two-stage stochastic linear programming problems of large size and complexity. Decomposition and sampling are two fundamental components of techniques to solve stochastic optimization problems. We describe improvements to the current techniques in both these areas. We studied different ways of using importance sampling techniques in the context of Stochastic programming, by varying the choice of approximation functions used in this method. We have concluded that approximating the recourse function by a computationally inexpensive piecewise-linear function is highly efficient. This reduced the problem from finding the mean of a computationally expensive functions to finding that of a computationally inexpensive function. Then we implemented various variance reduction techniques to estimate the mean of a piecewise-linear function. This method achieved similar variance reductions in orders of magnitude less time than, when we directly applied variance-reduction techniques directly on the given problem. In solving a stochastic linear program, the expected value problem is usually solved before a stochastic solution and also to speed-up the algorithm by making use of the information obtained from the solution of the expected value problem. We have devised a new decomposition scheme to improve the convergence of this algorithm.

  19. Dual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touzi, Nizar

    , finitely valued on the whole real line, we study the dual formulation of the utility maximization problemDual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility B. Bouchard the dual formulation of the utility maximization problem in incomplete markets when the utility function

  20. Volumetric formulation of lattice Boltzmann models with energy conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sbragaglia; K. Sugiyama

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze a volumetric formulation of lattice Boltzmann for compressible thermal fluid flows. The velocity set is chosen with the desired accuracy, based on the Gauss-Hermite quadrature procedure, and tested against controlled problems in bounded and unbounded fluids. The method allows the simulation of thermohydrodyamical problems without the need to preserve the exact space-filling nature of the velocity set, but still ensuring the exact conservation laws for density, momentum and energy. Issues related to boundary condition problems and improvements based on grid refinement are also investigated.

  1. Characterization of energetic formulations optimized for optical initiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zucker, Jonathan M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tappan, Bryce C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Oschwald, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Preston, Daniel N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Burnside, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many experimental systems ignite energetic materials using lasers or other optical means. The ignition criteria can be different for each material, and will be dependent, at least, on the wavelength, power, energy density, and coherence of the light used. many of the more common energetic materials, such as HMX, PETN or RDX, are very poor light absorbers and are difficult to ignite optically, therefore the addition of a small amount ({approx} 1% by weight) of activated carbon aids in light absorption and thus ignition. However, these materials still suffer in terms of relatively large energy requirements and slow ignition times. Other materials, such ad DAATO{sub 3.5} (mixed N-oxide of 3,3-azo-bis(6-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine)), will ignite just from the energy supplied by a common camera flash, have very fast low-pressure burning rates, and due to decomposition mechanisms dominated by condensed phase reactions, have fast ignition times. Furthermore, the required ignition energies could be further reduced by the addition of nano-particulate transition metals (e.g. nano silver). by combining materials that are more optically sensitive with materials that are more explosively functional, interesting energetic systems with unique initiation criteria can be formulated. The optical characteristics of these formulations are examined using a 1064 nm Big Sky Nd:YAG laser and fiber optic system focused through a GRIN lens and into the sample, which is encased in a lexan holder. The energy from the laser is varied, from {approx} 0.7 mJ to {approx} 17 mJ, using neutral density filters, and is delivered in an {approx} 27.5 ns pulse. The energetic material is mixed with ethanol and slurry cast into the assembly. There are two types of ignition criteria detectable in these experiments. The first is a simple go/no-go criterion, in which any observable reaction is considered ignition, regardless of its violence. The second type requires both ignition and propagation of the reaction. By characterizing the energy required to initiate several different materials, more effective formulations can be designed using the better performing materials. Presented here are the results of laser initiation tests on a variety of compositions, principally combinations of PETN, DAATO{sub 3.5}, HMX, Ag{sub 2}BTA (silver bistetrazolamine), CuBTA, BNCP (bis-5-nitrotetrazolato tetraamine cobalt perchloriate), nm Ag, and a variety of MICs (metastable intermolecular compounds). Also presented are the conclusions as to which formulations are most suitable for optically initiated systems.

  2. Formulation of Molding Materials From Recycled Printed Wiring Boards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.W.; Bohnert, G.W.

    1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to formulate the pulverized electronic waste (PEW) stream derived from grinding obsolete electronic assemblies and combine this material with thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers into useful, high-value commercial products materials. PEW consists primarily of various thermoset plastic materials and glass fibers from the printed wiring boards, along with ceramic pieces from chip carriers and other electronic components. Typically, the thermosetting materials have the same desirable properties as in the original electronic assembly, including relatively high temperature resistance, excellent chemical resistance, and flame retardancy. These properties combine to make PEW an inherently good inert filler material for plastic composites.

  3. Formulation for Tin-.sup.117m /diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Meinken, George E. (Middle Island, NY)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides improved formulations of .sup.117m Sn (Sn.sup.4+) DTPA which allow higher doses of .sup.117m Sn (Sn.sup.4+) to be administered than were previously possible. Methods for making pharmaceutical compositions comprising .sup.117m Sn (Sn.sup.4+) DTPA in which the amount of unchelated DTPA is minimized are disclosed along with methods of using the improved formlulations, both for palliation of bone pain associated with cancer and for treatment of osseous tumors.

  4. Developing a gas purchasing strategy using a linear model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alst, K.M. Van [Midland Cogeneration Venture Limited Partnership, Midland, MI (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines the process of developing a gas purchasing strategy with the use of a linear programming model. The linear model is used to determine the least cost approach regarding the acquisition of natural gas which has a considerable impact on the company`s financial performance. The author discusses the importance of optimizing gas costs from an end-user`s perspective. The Midland Cogeneration Venture (MCV) is the country`s largest cogeneration facility. The Facility has been certified by FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) as a Q.F. (Qualifying Facility) under PURPA (Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978). Unlike utilities, who have the ability to pass costs through to customers, MCV`s revenues are based on long-term contracts with its utility and industrial customers. Therefore, MCV cannot pass costs through to its customers. As such, effectively managing costs is vital to the success of the company.

  5. Finite element analyses of a linear-accelerator electron gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iqbal, M., E-mail: muniqbal.chep@pu.edu.pk, E-mail: muniqbal@ihep.ac.cn [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 45590 (Pakistan); Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wasy, A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon 641773 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon 641773 (Korea, Republic of); Islam, G. U. [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 45590 (Pakistan)] [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 45590 (Pakistan); Zhou, Z. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)] [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermo-structural analyses of the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPCII) linear-accelerator, electron gun, were performed for the gun operating with the cathode at 1000?°C. The gun was modeled in computer aided three-dimensional interactive application for finite element analyses through ANSYS workbench. This was followed by simulations using the SLAC electron beam trajectory program EGUN for beam optics analyses. The simulations were compared with experimental results of the assembly to verify its beam parameters under the same boundary conditions. Simulation and test results were found to be in good agreement and hence confirmed the design parameters under the defined operating temperature. The gun is operating continuously since commissioning without any thermal induced failures for the BEPCII linear accelerator.

  6. Reticle stage based linear dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berger, Kurt W. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A detector to measure EUV intensity employs a linear array of photodiodes. The detector is particularly suited for photolithography systems that includes: (i) a ringfield camera; (ii) a source of radiation; (iii) a condenser for processing radiation from the source of radiation to produce a ringfield illumination field for illuminating a mask; (iv) a reticle that is positioned at the ringfield camera's object plane and from which a reticle image in the form of an intensity profile is reflected into the entrance pupil of the ringfield camera, wherein the reticle moves in a direction that is transverse to the length of the ringfield illumination field that illuminates the reticle; (v) detector for measuring the entire intensity along the length of the ringfield illumination field that is projected onto the reticle; and (vi) a wafer onto which the reticle imaged is projected from the ringfield camera.

  7. 2008 Academic Program Review Graduate Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008 Academic Program Review of Graduate Programs November 2008 Texas A&M University College ........................................................................................................12 III. Graduate Program.....................................................................................................14 B. Educational Programs

  8. Programs of Study Programs of Study.......................................... .42

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Programs ............................... .45 Minnesota Transfer Curriculum and Liberal Education41 Programs of Study Programs of Study.......................................... .42 UMC Degrees.................................................................................43 Certificates .......................................................................43 Program

  9. Linear Transformer Ideal Transformer Consider linear and ideal transformers attached to Circuit 1 and Circuit 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozick, Richard J.

    Linear Transformer Ideal Transformer I1 + V2 _ + V1 _ Consider linear and ideal transformers in linear transformer equations for :MLL ,, 21 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 12212212 2 1 112 2 12 2 1 2212 2 PP Now solve the linear transformer equations for the currents: 1 212 2 22 2 1 2 1 212 2 22 12 2 2 2

  10. Comparison of signal to noise ratios from spatial and frequency domain formulations of nonprewhitening model observers in digital mammography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sisini, Francesco; Zanca, Federica; Marshall, Nicholas W.; Taibi, Angelo; Cardarelli, Paolo; Bosmans, Hilde [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy and (Italy); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Image quality indices based upon model observers are promising alternatives to laborious human readings of contrast-detail images. This is especially appealing in digital mammography as limiting values for contrast thresholds determine, according to some international protocols, the acceptability of these systems in the radiological practice. The objective of the present study was to compare the signal to noise ratios (SNR) obtained with two nonprewhitening matched filter model observer approaches, one in the spatial domain and the other in the frequency domain, and with both of them worked out for disks as present in the CDMAM phantom. Methods: The analysis was performed using images acquired with the Siemens Novation and Inspiration digital mammography systems. The spatial domain formulation uses a series of high dose CDMAM images as the signal and a routine exposure of two flood images to calculate the covariance matrix. The frequency domain approach uses the mathematical description of a disk and modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS) calculated from images. Results: For both systems most of the SNR values calculated in the frequency domain were in very good agreement with the SNR values calculated in the spatial domain. Both the formulations in the frequency domain and in the spatial domain show a linear relationship between SNR and the diameter of the CDMAM discs. Conclusions: The results suggest that both formulations of the model observer lead to very similar figures of merit. This is a step forward in the adoption of figures of merit based on NPS and MTF for the acceptance testing of mammography systems.

  11. Counterintelligence Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish the policies, procedures, and specific responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Counterintelligence (CI) Program. This directive does not cancel any other directive.

  12. Programming Stage

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter addresses plans for the acquisition and installation of operating environment hardware and software and design of a training program.

  13. Education Programs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    growth of the laboratory, and deployment of mission priorities. University Partnerships & Educational Outreach (UP&EO) programs provide students, teachers, and professors'...

  14. LWRS Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    What's New Archive Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Accomplishments Report: 2013 An accomplishments report highlighting progress in the development of the scientific...

  15. LWRS Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    utilities across the industry (representing 70% of the existing LWR fleet) and Electric Power Research Institute advises the program. The Utility Working Group developed a...

  16. Final Report for the UNIVERSITY-BASED DETECTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR THE INTERNATIONAL LINEAR COLLIDER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brau, James E [Univ. of Oregon] [Univ. of Oregon

    2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S Linear Collider Detector R&D program, supported by the DOE and NSF umbrella grants to the University of Oregon, made significant advances on many critical aspects of the ILC detector program. Progress advanced on vertex detector sensor development, silicon and TPC tracking, calorimetry on candidate technologies, and muon detection, as well as on beamline measurements of luminosity, energy, and polarization.

  17. Fossil energy program. Summary document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This program summary document presents a comprehensive overview of the research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities that will be performed in FY 1981 by the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (ASFE), US Department of Energy (DOE). The ASFE technology programs for the fossil resources of coal, petroleum (including oil shale) and gas have been established with the goal of making substantive contributions to the nation's future supply and efficienty use of energy. On April 29, 1977, the Administration submitted to Congress the National Energy Plan (NEP) and accompanying legislative proposals designed to establish a coherent energy policy structure for the United States. Congress passed the National Energy Act (NEA) on October 15, 1978, which allows implementation of the vital parts of the NEP. The NEP was supplemented by additional energy policy statements culminating in the President's address on July 15, 1979, presenting a program to further reduce dependence on imported petroleum. The passage of the NEA-related energy programs represent specific steps by the Administration and Congress to reorganize, redirect, and clarify the role of the Federal Government in the formulation and execution of national energy policy and programs. The energy technology RD and D prog4rams carried out by ASFE are an important part of the Federal Government's effort to provide the combination and amounts of energy resources needed to ensure national security and continued economic growth.

  18. LINEAR COLLIDER PHYSICS RESOURCE BOOK FOR SNOWMASS 2001.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ABE,T.; DAWSON,S.; HEINEMEYER,S.; MARCIANO,W.; PAIGE,F.; TURCOT,A.S.; ET AL

    2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The American particle physics community can look forward to a well-conceived and vital program of experimentation for the next ten years, using both colliders and fixed target beams to study a wide variety of pressing questions. Beyond 2010, these programs will be reaching the end of their expected lives. The CERN LHC will provide an experimental program of the first importance. But beyond the LHC, the American community needs a coherent plan. The Snowmass 2001 Workshop and the deliberations of the HEPAP subpanel offer a rare opportunity to engage the full community in planning our future for the next decade or more. A major accelerator project requires a decade from the beginning of an engineering design to the receipt of the first data. So it is now time to decide whether to begin a new accelerator project that will operate in the years soon after 2010. We believe that the world high-energy physics community needs such a project. With the great promise of discovery in physics at the next energy scale, and with the opportunity for the uncovering of profound insights, we cannot allow our field to contract to a single experimental program at a single laboratory in the world. We believe that an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider is an excellent choice for the next major project in high-energy physics. Applying experimental techniques very different from those used at hadron colliders, an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider will allow us to build on the discoveries made at the Tevatron and the LHC, and to add a level of precision and clarity that will be necessary to understand the physics of the next energy scale. It is not necessary to anticipate specific results from the hadron collider programs to argue for constructing an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider; in any scenario that is now discussed, physics will benefit from the new information that e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} experiments can provide.

  19. Summer 2012 Mathematics 317, Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Nicholas

    or download a .pdf version for use on a Kindle or Sony Reader or a printable .pdf version. You do not need://linear.ups.edu/xml/latest/fcla-xml-latest.xml Amazon Kindle DX format (optimized PDF): http://linear.ups.edu/download/fcla-kindleDX-2.30.pdf SONY Reader format (optimized PDF for PRS-500, PRS-505): http://linear.ups.edu/download/fcla-sony505-2.30.pdf

  20. International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    IWLC2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010ECFA-CLIC-ILC joint meeting: Monday 18 October - Friday 22 October 2010Venue: CERN and CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva, Switzerland) This year, the International Workshop on Linear Colliders organized by the European Committee for Future Accelerators (ECFA) will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both CLIC and ILC options.Contact Workshop Secretariat  IWLC2010 is hosted by CERN

  1. Ultra-high vacuum photoelectron linear accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, David U.L.; Luo, Yan

    2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An rf linear accelerator for producing an electron beam. The outer wall of the rf cavity of said linear accelerator being perforated to allow gas inside said rf cavity to flow to a pressure chamber surrounding said rf cavity and having means of ultra high vacuum pumping of the cathode of said rf linear accelerator. Said rf linear accelerator is used to accelerate polarized or unpolarized electrons produced by a photocathode, or to accelerate thermally heated electrons produced by a thermionic cathode, or to accelerate rf heated field emission electrons produced by a field emission cathode.

  2. Optimization Online - Linear equalities in blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles Audet

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    May 28, 2014 ... ... neither in theory nor in practice. The present work proposes extensions to treat problems with linear equalities whose expression is known.

  3. LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting...

  4. Elastic Wave Behavior Across Linear Slip Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenberg, M.

    plane waves incident at arbitrary angles upon a plane linear slip interface are computed ... Also included in these sections is an analysis ... ish, Ut is of the form.

  5. Optimization Online - Accelerated Linearized Bregman Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Huang

    2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 27, 2011 ... Abstract: In this paper, we propose and analyze an accelerated linearized Bregman (ALB) method for solving the basis pursuit and related ...

  6. Linear conic optimization for nonlinear optimal control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 7, 2014 ... 3Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, ..... This linear transport equation is classical in fluid mechanics, ...

  7. Subcritical Fission Reactor Based on Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. F. Ginzburg

    2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The beams of Linear Collider after main collision can be utilized to build an accelerator--driven sub--critical reactor.

  8. Linear dependence of exponentials - Department of Mathematics ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    in the books of the Russian mathematician A. Leontiev. Dear Steven and Sherman,. I recently saw the problem on “linear independence of exponentials”.

  9. Linear PM Generator for Wave Energy Conversion.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthasarathy, Rajkumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The main objective of this thesis is to design a selected version of linear PM generator and to determine the electromechanical characteristics at variable operating… (more)

  10. Siting the International Linear Collider at Hanford

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kouzes, Richard T.; Asner, David M.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Fast, James E.; Miley, Harry S.

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of the proposed International Linear Collider, applications in high energy physics, and evaluation of the Hanford Site as a possible location for siting the facilityl.

  11. Siting the International Linear Collider at Hanford

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kouzes, Richard T.; Asner, David M.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Fast, James E.; Miley, Harry S.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of the proposed International Linear Collider, applications in high energy physics, and evaluation of the Hanford Site as a possible location for siting the facility.

  12. Linear Functionals in ECG and Diplomarbeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

    Linear Functionals in ECG and VCG Diplomarbeit zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Diplom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.5. 12-lead ECG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. Heart

  13. The Loudest Event Statistic: General Formulation, Properties and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Biswas; Patrick R. Brady; Jolien D. E. Creighton; Stephen Fairhurst

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of the loudest observed event to generate statistical statements about rate and strength has become standard in searches for gravitational waves from compact binaries and pulsars. The Bayesian formulation of the method is generalized in this paper to allow for uncertainties both in the background estimate and in the properties of the population being constrained. The method is also extended to allow rate interval construction. Finally, it is shown how to combine the results from multiple experiments and a comparison is drawn between the upper limit obtained in a single search and the upper limit obtained by combining the results of two experiments each of half the original duration. To illustrate this, we look at an example case, motivated by the search for gravitational waves from binary inspiral.

  14. Glass Formulation and Fabrication Laboratory, Building 864, Hazards assessment document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banda, Z.; Wood, C.L.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy Order 5500.3A requires facility-specific hazards assessments be prepared, maintained, and used for emergency planning purposes. This hazards assessment document describes the chemical and radiological hazards associated with the Glass Formulation and Fabrication Laboratory, Building 864. The entire inventory was screened according to the potential airborne impact to onsite and offsite individuals. The air dispersion model, ALOHA, estimated pollutant concentrations downwind from the source of a release, taking into consideration the toxicological and physical characteristics of the release site, the atmospheric conditions, and the circumstances of the release. The greatest distances at which a postulated facility event will produce consequences exceeding the ERPG-2 threshold is 96 meters. The highest emergency classification is a Site Area Emergency. The Emergency Planning Zone is 100 meters.

  15. New waste based clinkers: Belite and lime formulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raupp-Pereira, Fabiano [Ceramics and Glass Engineering Department, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Ball, Richard James [University of Bristol, Interface Analysis Centre, Oldbury House, 121 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, BS2 8BS (United Kingdom)], E-mail: richard.ball@bristol.ac.uk; Rocha, Joao [Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Labrincha, Joao A. [Ceramics and Glass Engineering Department, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Allen, Geoffrey C. [University of Bristol, Interface Analysis Centre, Oldbury House, 121 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, BS2 8BS (United Kingdom)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This work describes the formulation of new belite-based (CR2) and lime-based (CR3) cementitious materials derived from industrial wastes, such as sludges (generated in the Al-anodising and surface coating industrial processes, potable water filtration/cleaning operations and in marble sawing processes) and foundry sand. Powder mixtures were prepared and fired at different temperatures. For comparison, similar formulations were prepared with pre-treated and commercially available natural raw materials and processed in similar conditions. The thermal process was followed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high-temperature powder X-ray diffraction (HT-XRD) studies. The CR2 clinker was found to contain belite as the main cementitious phase, the main polymorph being identified by NMR. The CR3 clinker contained common cementitious phases, such as C{sub 3}A and C{sub 3}S, but free lime and calcium aluminium oxide sulphates were also identified by high temperature XRD and NMR. Then the corresponding cement was prepared and the evolution of the mechanical strength with time was evaluated. The lime-based cement obtained from wastes shows a stronger hardening character than the standard material, which tends to show dusting phenomena due to the presence of a reasonable amount of free lime (as the result of its expansive reaction with ambient moisture). Some fluxing impurities (e.g. alkalis) present in the waste materials improve the overall reactivity of the mixture and induces the combination of the lime in CR3. Raman, XPS and FIB techniques were used to fully characterise the aged cements.

  16. Differentiable but exact formulation of density-functional theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kvaal, Simen, E-mail: simen.kvaal@kjemi.uio.no; Ekström, Ulf; Helgaker, Trygve [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)] [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Teale, Andrew M. [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway) [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The universal density functional F of density-functional theory is a complicated and ill-behaved function of the density—in particular, F is not differentiable, making many formal manipulations more complicated. While F has been well characterized in terms of convex analysis as forming a conjugate pair (E, F) with the ground-state energy E via the Hohenberg–Kohn and Lieb variation principles, F is nondifferentiable and subdifferentiable only on a small (but dense) subset of its domain. In this article, we apply a tool from convex analysis, Moreau–Yosida regularization, to construct, for any ? > 0, pairs of conjugate functionals ({sup ?}E, {sup ?}F) that converge to (E, F) pointwise everywhere as ? ? 0{sup +}, and such that {sup ?}F is (Fréchet) differentiable. For technical reasons, we limit our attention to molecular electronic systems in a finite but large box. It is noteworthy that no information is lost in the Moreau–Yosida regularization: the physical ground-state energy E(v) is exactly recoverable from the regularized ground-state energy {sup ?}E(v) in a simple way. All concepts and results pertaining to the original (E, F) pair have direct counterparts in results for ({sup ?}E, {sup ?}F). The Moreau–Yosida regularization therefore allows for an exact, differentiable formulation of density-functional theory. In particular, taking advantage of the differentiability of {sup ?}F, a rigorous formulation of Kohn–Sham theory is presented that does not suffer from the noninteracting representability problem in standard Kohn–Sham theory.

  17. Characteristics of identifying linear dynamic models from impulse response data using Prony analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudnowski, D.J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics of fitting linear dynamic models to the impulse response of oscillatory dynamic systems using Prony analysis. Many dynamic systems exhibit oscillatory responses with multiple modes of oscillations. Although the underlying dynamics of such systems are often nonlinear, it is frequently possible and very useful to represent the system operating about some set point with a linear model. Derivation of such linear models can be done using two basic approaches: model the system using theoretical derivations and some linearization method such as a Taylor series expansion; or use a curve-fitting technique to optimally fit a linear model to specified system response data. Prony analysis belongs to the second class of system modeling because it is a method of fitting a linear model to the impulse response of a dynamic system. Its parallel formulation inherently makes it well suited for fitting models to oscillatory system data. Such oscillatory dynamic effects occur in large synchronous-generator-based power systems in the form of electromechanical oscillations. To study and characterize these oscillatory dynamics, BPA has developed computer codes to analyze system data using Prony analysis. The objective of this study was to develop a highly detailed understanding of the properties of using Prony analysis to fit models to systems with characteristics often encountered in power systems. This understanding was then extended to develop general rules-of-thumb'' for using Prony analysis. The general characteristics were investigated by performing fits to data from known linear models under controlled conditions. The conditions studied include various mathematical solution techniques; different parent system configurations; and a large variety of underlying noise characteristics.

  18. Characteristics of identifying linear dynamic models from impulse response data using Prony analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudnowski, D.J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics of fitting linear dynamic models to the impulse response of oscillatory dynamic systems using Prony analysis. Many dynamic systems exhibit oscillatory responses with multiple modes of oscillations. Although the underlying dynamics of such systems are often nonlinear, it is frequently possible and very useful to represent the system operating about some set point with a linear model. Derivation of such linear models can be done using two basic approaches: model the system using theoretical derivations and some linearization method such as a Taylor series expansion; or use a curve-fitting technique to optimally fit a linear model to specified system response data. Prony analysis belongs to the second class of system modeling because it is a method of fitting a linear model to the impulse response of a dynamic system. Its parallel formulation inherently makes it well suited for fitting models to oscillatory system data. Such oscillatory dynamic effects occur in large synchronous-generator-based power systems in the form of electromechanical oscillations. To study and characterize these oscillatory dynamics, BPA has developed computer codes to analyze system data using Prony analysis. The objective of this study was to develop a highly detailed understanding of the properties of using Prony analysis to fit models to systems with characteristics often encountered in power systems. This understanding was then extended to develop general ``rules-of-thumb`` for using Prony analysis. The general characteristics were investigated by performing fits to data from known linear models under controlled conditions. The conditions studied include various mathematical solution techniques; different parent system configurations; and a large variety of underlying noise characteristics.

  19. Apprentice Program Alternate Proof of the Spectral Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    Math REU Apprentice Program Alternate Proof of the Spectral Theorem Julian Hartman September 17 in the apprentice class but not in this manner. Because the Spectral Theorem is such a fundamental theorem in linear

  20. NONEQUILIBRIUM LINEAR BEHAVIOR OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    -phosphorylation in mitochondria (2, 3), sodium transport in frog skin, toad bladder (4) and toad skin (5), and hydrogen ion transport in turtle bladder (6). Linearity has also been noted in a synthetic membrane exhibiting active transport (7). (Linearity as used in these papers and here implies the flow, J, is related to the force, A1

  1. LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    1 LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL Jing Lan1, Jeongho Cho1, Deniz Erdogmus2, Jos}@cnel.ufl.edu, derdogmus@ieee.org, m.a.motter@larc.nasa.gov Abstract Nonlinear PID design is difficult if one approaches modeling approach with traditional linear PID controller design techniques to arrive at a principled

  2. Architecture of an Automatic Tuned Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    /01 and PI-34/00788/F5/01. #12;Hierarchical Architecture of a Self-Optimised Lineal Algebra LibraryArchitecture of an Automatic Tuned Linear Algebra Library* Javier Cuenca Domingo Giménez José .... SPt c,z Architecture of a Self-Optimised Linear Algebra Routine (SOLAR) Installation_information n1

  3. Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Parsons, William M. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

  4. Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Parsons, W.M.

    1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

  5. Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Haesun

    model of h-LDA by relating it to the two-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), which fits well dimension reduction, hierarchical linear discriminant analysis (h-LDA) to a well-known spatial localization1 Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming Jaegul Choo , Barry L. Drake

  6. Soft materials for linear electromechanical energy conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antal Jakli; Nandor Eber

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the literature of linear electromechanical effects of soft materials, especially in synthetic and biological polymers and liquid crystals (LCs). First we describe results on direct and converse piezoelectricity, and then we discuss a linear coupling between bending and electric polarization, which maybe called bending piezoelectricity, or flexoelectricity.

  7. Best Linear Unbiased Estimate Motivation for BLUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Mark

    1 Chapter 6 Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) #12;2 Motivation for BLUE Except for Linear Model to a sub-optimal estimate BLUE is one such sub-optimal estimate Idea for BLUE: 1. Restrict estimate) Advantage of BLUE:Needs only 1st and 2nd moments of PDF Mean & Covariance Disadvantages of BLUE: 1. Sub

  8. Company Name: Linear Technology Corporation Web Site: www.linear.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Company Name: Linear Technology Corporation Web Site: www.linear.com Industry: Semiconductor Brief worldwide for three decades. The Company's products provide an essential bridge between our analog world

  9. Assumptions that imply quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan

    2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A basic linearity of quantum dynamics, that density matrices are mapped linearly to density matrices, is proved very simply for a system that does not interact with anything else. It is assumed that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system. The basic linearity is linked with previously established results to complete a simple derivation of the linear Schrodinger equation. For this it is assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease.

  10. Euclidean Time Formulation for the Superstring Ensembles: Perturbative Canonical Ensemble with Neveu-Schwarz B Field Backgrounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Shyamoli

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the Euclidean time formulation for the equilibrium canonical ensemble of the type IIA and type IIB superstrings, and the spin(32)$/{\\rm Z}_2$ heterotic string. We compactify on $R^8 \\times T^2$, and twist by the Neveu-Schwarz sector antisymmetric 2-form $B$-field potential, spontaneously breaking supersymmetry at low temperatures, while preserving the tachyon free low-energy gravitational field theory limit. We verify that the super partners of the massless dilaton-graviton multiplet obtain a mass which is linear in the temperature. In addition, we show that the free energy for the superstring canonical ensemble at weak coupling is always strongly convergent in the ultraviolet, high-temperature, regime dominated by the highest mass level number states. We derive the precise form of the exponential suppression as a linear power of the mass level, which erases the exponential Hagedorn growth of the degeneracies as the square root of mass level number. Finally, we close a gap in previous research givin...

  11. Direct-Steam Linear Fresnel Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the technical formulation and demonstrated model performance results of a new direct-steam-generation (DSG) model in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM). The model predicts the annual electricity production of a wide range of system configurations within the DSG Linear Fresnel technology by modeling hourly performance of the plant in detail. The quasi-steady-state formulation allows users to investigate energy and mass flows, operating temperatures, and pressure drops for geometries and solar field configurations of interest. The model includes tools for heat loss calculation using either empirical polynomial heat loss curves as a function of steam temperature, ambient temperature, and wind velocity, or a detailed evacuated tube receiver heat loss model. Thermal losses are evaluated using a computationally efficient nodal approach, where the solar field and headers are discretized into multiple nodes where heat losses, thermal inertia, steam conditions (including pressure, temperature, enthalpy, etc.) are individually evaluated during each time step of the simulation. This paper discusses the mathematical formulation for the solar field model and describes how the solar field is integrated with the other subsystem models, including the power cycle and optional auxiliary fossil system. Model results are also presented to demonstrate plant behavior in the various operating modes.

  12. Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrell, Jim

    Chapter 6 Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between two vector spaces V and W which are defined over the same field and prove the most basic transformations is equivalent to matrix theory. We will also study the geometric properties of linear

  13. A Tight MIP Formulation of the Unit Commitment Problem with Start ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 8, 2014 ... IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 21 (3), 1371–1378. [2] Frangioni, A., Gentile ... An MIP formulation for joint market- clearing of energy and ...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - advective- dispersive formulation Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the advection dispersion equation. 12;Point like injectionPoint like injection Transport... transport formulations and dispersion ... Source: Politcnica de Catalunya,...

  15. A pseudo-polynomial size formulation for 2-stage 2-dimensional ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    has been introduced in [10], called LM Model in the following. ... first revise the LM Model and then we introduce the new pseudo-polynomial formulation, called.

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aerial vehicles formulation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aerial vehicles formulation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 George Vachtsevanos, Panos Antsaklis, Kimon...

  17. Field testing results for the strategic petroleum reserve pipeline corrosion control program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchheit, R.G.; Maestas, L.M.; Hinkebein, T.E.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of two studies conducted as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Pipeline Corrosion Control Program are reported. These studies focused on evaluation of rotary-applied concrete materials for internal pipeline protection against the erosive and corrosive effects of flowing brine. The study also included evaluation of liners applied by hand on pipe pieces that cannot be lined by rotary methods. Such pipe pieces include tees, elbows and flanged pipe sections. Results are reported from a corrosion survey of 17 different liner formulations tested at the-Big-Rill SPR Site. Testing consisted of electrochemical corrosion rate measurements made on lined pipe sections exposed, in a test manifold, to flowing SPR generated fluids. Testing also involved cumulative immersion exposure where samples were exposed to static site-generated brine for increasing periods of time. Samples were returned to the laboratory for various diagnostic analyses. Results of this study showed that standard calcium silicate concrete (API RP10E) and a rotary calcium aluminate concrete formulation were excellent performers. Hand-lined pipe pieces did not provide as much corrosion protection. The focus of the second part of the study was on further evaluation of the calcium silicate, calcium aluminate and hand-applied liners in actual SPR equipment and service. It was a further objective to assess the practicality of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) for field corrosion monitoring of concrete lined pipe compared to the more well-known linear polarization technique. This study showed that concrete linings reduced the corrosion rate for bare steel from 10 to 15 mils per year to 1 mil per year or less. Again, the hand-applied liners did not provide as much corrosion protection as the rotary-applied liners. The EIS technique was found to be robust for field corrosion measurements. Mechanistic and kinetic corrosion rate data were reliably obtained.

  18. Advances in Glass Formulations for Hanford High-Alumimum, High-Iron and Enhanced Sulphate Management in HLW Streams - 13000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A.

    2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The current estimates and glass formulation efforts have been conservative in terms of achievable waste loadings. These formulations have been specified to ensure that the glasses are homogenous, contain essentially no crystalline phases, are processable in joule-heated, ceramic-lined melters and meet Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Contract terms. The WTP?s overall mission will require the immobilization of tank waste compositions that are dominated by mixtures of aluminum (Al), chromium (Cr), bismuth (Bi), iron (Fe), phosphorous (P), zirconium (Zr), and sulphur (S) compounds as waste-limiting components. Glass compositions for these waste mixtures have been developed based upon previous experience and current glass property models. Recently, DOE has initiated a testing program to develop and characterize HLW glasses with higher waste loadings and higher throughput efficiencies. Results of this work have demonstrated the feasibility of increases in waste loading from about 25 wt% to 33-50 wt% (based on oxide loading) in the glass depending on the waste stream. In view of the importance of aluminum limited waste streams at Hanford (and also Savannah River), the ability to achieve high waste loadings without adversely impacting melt rates has the potential for enormous cost savings from reductions in canister count and the potential for schedule acceleration. Consequently, the potential return on the investment made in the development of these enhancements is extremely favorable. Glass composition development for one of the latest Hanford HLW projected compositions with sulphate concentrations high enough to limit waste loading have been successfully tested and show tolerance for previously unreported tolerance for sulphate. Though a significant increase in waste loading for high-iron wastes has been achieved, the magnitude of the increase is not as substantial as those achieved for high-aluminum, high-chromium, high-bismuth or sulphur. Waste processing rate increases for high-iron streams as a combined effect of higher waste loadings and higher melt rates resulting from new formulations have been achieved.

  19. Advances in Glass Formulations for Hanford High-Aluminum, High-Iron and Enhanced Sulphate Management in HLW Streams - 13000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [WTP Engineering Division, United States Department of Energy, Office of River Protection, Post Office Box 450, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)] [WTP Engineering Division, United States Department of Energy, Office of River Protection, Post Office Box 450, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current estimates and glass formulation efforts have been conservative in terms of achievable waste loadings. These formulations have been specified to ensure that the glasses are homogenous, contain essentially no crystalline phases, are processable in joule-heated, ceramic-lined melters and meet Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Contract terms. The WTP's overall mission will require the immobilization of tank waste compositions that are dominated by mixtures of aluminum (Al), chromium (Cr), bismuth (Bi), iron (Fe), phosphorous (P), zirconium (Zr), and sulphur (S) compounds as waste-limiting components. Glass compositions for these waste mixtures have been developed based upon previous experience and current glass property models. Recently, DOE has initiated a testing program to develop and characterize HLW glasses with higher waste loadings and higher throughput efficiencies. Results of this work have demonstrated the feasibility of increases in waste loading from about 25 wt% to 33-50 wt% (based on oxide loading) in the glass depending on the waste stream. In view of the importance of aluminum limited waste streams at Hanford (and also Savannah River), the ability to achieve high waste loadings without adversely impacting melt rates has the potential for enormous cost savings from reductions in canister count and the potential for schedule acceleration. Consequently, the potential return on the investment made in the development of these enhancements is extremely favorable. Glass composition development for one of the latest Hanford HLW projected compositions with sulphate concentrations high enough to limit waste loading have been successfully tested and show tolerance for previously unreported tolerance for sulphate. Though a significant increase in waste loading for high-iron wastes has been achieved, the magnitude of the increase is not as substantial as those achieved for high-aluminum, high-chromium, high-bismuth or sulphur. Waste processing rate increases for high-iron streams as a combined effect of higher waste loadings and higher melt rates resulting from new formulations have been achieved. (author)

  20. Solar Thermal Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: This program is not currently accepting applications. Check the program web site for information regarding future financing programs.

  1. Machinist Pipeline/Apprentice Program Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Machinist PipelineApprentice Program Program Description The Machinist Pipeline Program was created by the Prototype Fabrication Division to fill a critical need for skilled...

  2. ARRA Program Summary: Energy Smart Jobs Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ARRA Program Summary: Energy Smart Jobs Program Statewide Program (Initially targeting urban 30,000 buildings surveyed, approximately 5,000 will be retrofitted, yielding approximately $40

  3. Self-consistent input-output formulation of quantum feedback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yanagisawa, M. [Department of Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Hope, J. J. [Department of Quantum Science, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method of analyzing quantum feedback circuits is presented. The classical analysis of feedback circuits can be generalized to apply to quantum systems by mapping the field operators of various outputs to other inputs via the standard input-output formalism. Unfortunately, this has led to unphysical results such as the violation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle for in-loop fields. This paper shows that this general approach can be redeemed by ensuring a self-consistently Hermitian Hamiltonian. The calculations are based on a noncommutative calculus of operator derivatives. A full description of several examples of quantum linear and nonlinear feedback for optical systems is presented.

  4. Environmental Studies 50: Problem Analysis and Policy Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at Dartmouth Materials Manager Warehouse Sales Data Collection Methods Current Furniture Flows and Practices Management Program? Analysis of Proposed Contract Benefits Costs Conclusion CHAPTER 6: MATERIALS MANAGER Organization Practices and Management Increased Membership and Awareness Materials Manager WinCycle CHAPTER 9

  5. Programming models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, David J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Pherson, Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thorp, John R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barrett, Richard [SNL; Clay, Robert [SNL; De Supinski, Bronis [LLNL; Dube, Evi [LLNL; Heroux, Mike [SNL; Janssen, Curtis [SNL; Langer, Steve [LLNL; Laros, Jim [SNL

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A programming model is a set of software technologies that support the expression of algorithms and provide applications with an abstract representation of the capabilities of the underlying hardware architecture. The primary goals are productivity, portability and performance.

  6. RERTR program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travelli, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program was established in 1978 at the Argonne National Laboratory by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), which continues to fund the program and to manage it in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The primary objective of the program is to develop the technology needed to use low-enrichment uranium (LEU) instead of high-enrichment uranium (HEU) in research and test reactors, without significant penalties in experiment performance, economics, or safety. Eliminating the continuing need of HEU supplies for research and test reactors has long been an integral part of U.S. nonproliferation policy. This paper reviews the main accomplishments of the program through the years.

  7. Program TOMSCAT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, A.M.

    1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Program TOMSCAT is an interactive code that calculates the scattering spectrum and background for a Thomson-scattering diagnostic in typical magnetic fusion plasmas. Thomson scattering yields values of the plasma electron temperature T/sub e/ and electron density N/sub e/. This program is intended as an aid for designing Thomson-scattering systems, so all experimental parameters are input by the user. The code is operational on OCTOPUS.

  8. SECO Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this web page address! ASSISTANCE AND FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES Energy Efficiency Technical Assistance Energy Efficiency Grants Renewable Energy Technology Grants Alternative Fuel Grants The LoanSTAR Revolving Loan Program Energy Efficiency... maximum of $50,000 per grant ? Funded on a reimbursement basis Renewable Energy Technology Grants ? Fort Worth ISD ? South Sills High School ? 5KW Wind Turbine Alternative Fuel Grants ? Grant program to convert city/county and ISD vehicle...

  9. Surrogate formulations for thermal treatment of low-level mixed waste, Part II: Selected mixed waste treatment project waste streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bostick, W.D.; Hoffmann, D.P.; Chiang, J.M.; Hermes, W.H.; Gibson, L.V. Jr.; Richmond, A.A. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)] [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Mayberry, J. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Frazier, G. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the formulation of surrogate waste packages, representing the major bulk constituent compositions for 12 waste stream classifications selected by the US DOE Mixed Waste Treatment Program. These waste groupings include: neutral aqueous wastes; aqueous halogenated organic liquids; ash; high organic content sludges; adsorbed aqueous and organic liquids; cement sludges, ashes, and solids; chloride; sulfate, and nitrate salts; organic matrix solids; heterogeneous debris; bulk combustibles; lab packs; and lead shapes. Insofar as possible, formulation of surrogate waste packages are referenced to authentic wastes in inventory within the DOE; however, the surrogate waste packages are intended to represent generic treatability group compositions. The intent is to specify a nonradiological synthetic mixture, with a minimal number of readily available components, that can be used to represent the significant challenges anticipated for treatment of the specified waste class. Performance testing and evaluation with use of a consistent series of surrogate wastes will provide a means for the initial assessment (and intercomparability) of candidate treatment technology applicability and performance. Originally the surrogate wastes were intended for use with emerging thermal treatment systems, but use may be extended to select nonthermal systems as well.

  10. Methodology for Formulating Diesel Surrogate Fuels with Accurate Compositional, Ignition-Quality, and Volatility Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, Charles J.; Cannella, William J.; Bruno, Thomas J.; Bunting, Bruce G.; Dettman, Heather; Franz, James A.; Huber, Marcia L.; Natarajan, Mani; Pitz, William J.; Ratcliff, Matthew A.; Wright, Ken

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, a novel approach was developed to formulate surrogate fuels having characteristics that are representative of diesel fuels produced from real-world refinery streams. Because diesel fuels typically consist of hundreds of compounds, it is difficult to conclusively determine the effects of fuel composition on combustion properties. Surrogate fuels, being simpler representations of these practical fuels, are of interest because they can provide a better understanding of fundamental fuel-composition and property effects on combustion and emissions-formation processes in internal-combustion engines. In addition, the application of surrogate fuels in numerical simulations with accurate vaporization, mixing, and combustion models could revolutionize future engine designs by enabling computational optimization for evolving real fuels. Dependable computational design would not only improve engine function, it would do so at significant cost savings relative to current optimization strategies that rely on physical testing of hardware prototypes. The approach in this study utilized the stateof- the-art techniques of 13C and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and the advanced distillation curve to characterize fuel composition and volatility, respectively. The ignition quality was quantified by the derived cetane number. Two wellcharacterized, ultra-low-sulfur #2 diesel reference fuels produced from refinery streams were used as target fuels: a 2007 emissions certification fuel and a Coordinating Research Council (CRC) Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines (FACE) diesel fuel. A surrogate was created for each target fuel by blending eight pure compounds. The known carbon bond types within the pure compounds, as well as models for the ignition qualities and volatilities of their mixtures, were used in a multiproperty regression algorithm to determine optimal surrogate formulations. The predicted and measured surrogate-fuel properties were quantitatively compared to the measured target-fuel properties, and good agreement was found. This paper is dedicated to the memory of our friend and colleague Jim Franz. Funding for this research was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) Office of Vehicle Technologies, and by the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the companies that employ the CRC members. The study was conducted under the auspices of CRC. The authors thank U.S. DOE program manager Kevin Stork for supporting the participation of the U.S. national laboratories in this study.

  11. Linear phase distribution of acoustical vortices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Lu; Zheng, Haixiang [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Ma, Qingyu, E-mail: maqingyu@njnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Tu, Juan; Zhang, Dong [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear phase distribution of phase-coded acoustical vortices was theoretically investigated based on the radiation theory of point source, and then confirmed by experimental measurements. With the proposed criterion of positive phase slope, the possibility of constructing linear circular phase distributions is demonstrated to be determined by source parameters. Improved phase linearity can be achieved at larger source number, lower frequency, smaller vortex radius, and/or longer axial distance. Good agreements are observed between numerical simulations and measurement results for circular phase distributions. The favorable results confirm the feasibility of precise phase control for acoustical vortices and suggest potential applications in particle manipulation.

  12. Optically isolated signal coupler with linear response

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optocoupler for isolating electrical signals that translates an electrical input signal linearly to an electrical output signal. The optocoupler comprises a light emitter, a light receiver, and a light transmitting medium. The light emitter, preferably a blue, silicon carbide LED, is of the type that provides linear, electro-optical conversion of electrical signals within a narrow wavelength range. Correspondingly, the light receiver, which converts light signals to electrical signals and is preferably a cadmium sulfide photoconductor, is linearly responsive to light signals within substantially the same wavelength range as the blue LED.

  13. Globally Solving Nonconvex Quadratic Programming Problems via ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 7, 2011 ... Contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. ... ‡Department of Management Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, .... F?. At the root node, the authors set F(b?Ax) = F? = ?. ..... the increased size of the relaxations causes overall larger B&B times. ... 4Clp – Coin-Or Linear Programming. http://projects.coin-or.org/Clp/, ...

  14. Support graph preconditioners for sparse linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Radhika

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Elliptic partial differential equations that are used to model physical phenomena give rise to large sparse linear systems. Such systems can be symmetric positive de?nite and can be solved by the preconditioned conjugate gradients method...

  15. Photon emission within the linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Wunderlich; B. Kampfer

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Soft-photon emission rates are calculated within the linear sigma model. The investigation is aimed at answering the question to which extent the emissivities map out the phase structure of this particular effective model of strongly interacting matter.

  16. Linear Thermodynamics of Rodlike DNA Filtration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zirui

    Linear thermodynamics transportation theory is employed to study filtration of rodlike DNA molecules. Using the repeated nanoarray consisting of alternate deep and shallow regions, it is demonstrated that the complex ...

  17. 18.06 Linear Algebra, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strang, Gilbert

    This is a basic subject on matrix theory and linear algebra. Emphasis is given to topics that will be useful in other disciplines, including systems of equations, vector spaces, determinants, eigenvalues, similarity, and ...

  18. The Computational Complexity of Linear Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aaronson, Scott

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give new evidence that quantum computers---moreover, rudimentary quantum computers built entirely out of linear-optical elements---cannot be efficiently simulated by classical computers. In particular, we define a model ...

  19. CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT CANCER PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT CANCER PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT WITH STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2009 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS MEDICAL CENTER #12;2 CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT 2 #12;3 CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT 3 UIMC CANCER PROGRAM CHANGING MULTIDISCIPLINARY CARE. FOR GOOD. #12;4 CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT

  20. Conjugate gradient method for dual-dual mixed formulations Gabriel N. Gatica y Norbert Heuer z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heuer, Norbert

    Conjugate gradient method for dual-dual mixed formulations #3; Gabriel N. Gatica y Norbert Heuer z, the conjugate gradient method with this special inner product can be used as iterative solver. For a model-dual variational formulation, conjugate gradient method. Mathematics subject classi#12;cations (1991). 65N30, 65N22

  1. A continuous surface tension force formulation for diffuse-interface models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    A continuous surface tension force formulation for diffuse-interface models Junseok Kim October 2004 Available online 30 November 2004 Abstract We present a new surface tension force formulation field because pressure includes the gradient terms resulting from the modified surface tension term

  2. Error Estimation And Accurate Mapping Based ALE Formulation For 3D Simulation Of Friction Stir Welding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Welding Simon Guerdoux, Lionel Fourment* CEMEF, Mines cle Paris, BP 207, 06 904 Sophia Antipolis Ceclex) formulation is developed to simulate the different stages of the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process standard approaches. The proposed ALE formulation is applied to FSW simulation. Steady state welding

  3. Reduced weight decontamination formulation for neutralization of chemical and biological warfare agents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucker, Mark D.

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduced weight DF-200 decontamination formulation that is stable under high temperature storage conditions. The formulation can be pre-packed as an all-dry (i.e., no water) or nearly-dry (i.e., minimal water) three-part kit, with make-up water (the fourth part) being added later in the field at the point of use.

  4. Modeled natural and excess radiocarbon: Sensitivities to the gas exchange formulation and ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Modeled natural and excess radiocarbon: Sensitivities to the gas exchange formulation and ocean. Stocker (2008), Modeled natural and excess radiocarbon: Sensitivities to the gas exchange formulation descriptions of the air-sea gas exchange the models produce similar column inventories for excess 14 C among

  5. Non-periodic finite-element formulation of KohnSham density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Michael

    Non-periodic finite-element formulation of Kohn­Sham density functional theory Phanish-element formulation for Kohn­Sham density functional theory (KS-DFT). We transform the original variational problem, dislocations and crack tips using density functional theory (DFT) at reasonable computational cost by retaining

  6. On the Hamilton-Jacobi Variational Formulation of the Vlasov P. J. Morrison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, Philip J.,

    On the Hamilton-Jacobi Variational Formulation of the Vlasov Equation P. J. Morrison Department: January 27, 2012) The Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of Vlasov-like systems and associated action principles and suggestions for their use are given. I. INTRODUCTION In this note we briefly review the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ

  7. LOCKING-FREE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR A BENDING MOMENT FORMULATION OF TIMOSHENKO BEAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    LOCKING-FREE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR A BENDING MOMENT FORMULATION OF TIMOSHENKO BEAMS FELIPE LEPE for Timo- shenko beams. It is known that standard finite elements applied to this model lead to wrong results when the thickness of the beam t is small. Here, we consider a mixed formulation in terms

  8. Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction- tric conductor (PEC) objects when illuminated by a Complex Source Points (CSP) beam expansion (S of a CSP-expansion illumination. In this work we discuss an application of the CSP fringe formulation

  9. Non-locality and gauge freedom in Deutsch and Hayden's formulation of quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Wallace; Chris Timpson

    2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Deutsch and Hayden have proposed an alternative formulation of quantum mechanics which is completely local. We argue that their proposal must be understood as having a form of `gauge freedom' according to which mathematically distinct states are physically equivalent. Once this gauge freedom is taken into account, their formulation is no longer local.

  10. Zeros in linear multivariable control systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewing, Robert Fennell

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ZEROS IN LINEAR MULTIVARIABLE CONTROL SYSTEMS A Thesis by ROBERT FENNELL EWING Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974 Major... Control Systems (August 1974) Robert Fennell Ewing, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. W. Howze This thesis examines the problem of altering the transfer function matrix of a linear, time-invariant, multivariable system...

  11. OPUS: A Fortran Program for Unsteady Opposed-Flowed Flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. G. Im; L. L. Raja; R. J. Kee; A. E. Lutz; L. R. Petzold

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPUS is a Fortran program for computing unsteady combustion problems in an opposed-flow configuration using one-dimensional similarity coordinate. The code is an extension of the steady counterpart, OPPDIF, to transient problems by modifying the formulation to accommodate gasdynamic compressibility effects, allowing high-accuracy time integration with adaptive time stepping. Time integration of the differential-algebraic system of equations is performed by the DASPK software package, while the Chemkin packages are used to compute chemical reaction rates and thermodynamic/transport properties. This document describes the details of the mathematical formulation and instruction for using the code.

  12. Formulation of spinors in terms of gauge fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiv R. Vatsya

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown in the present paper that the transformation relating a parallel transported vector in a Weyl space to the original one is the product of a multiplicative gauge transformation and a proper orthochronous Lorentz transformation. Such a Lorentz transformation admits a spinor representation, which is obtained and used to deduce the transportation properties of a Weyl spinor, which are then expressed in terms of a composite gauge group defined as the product of a multiplicative gauge group and the spinor group. These properties render a spinor amenable to its treatment as a particle coupled to a multidimensional gauge field in the framework of the Kaluza-Klein formulation extended to multidimensional gauge fields. In this framework, a fiber bundle is constructed with a horizontal, base space and a vertical, gauge space, which is a Lie group manifold, termed its structure group. For the present, the base is the Minkowski spacetime and the vertical space is the composite gauge group mentioned above. The fiber bundle is equipped with a Riemannian structure, which is used to obtain the classical description of motion of a spinor. In its classical picture, a Weyl spinor is found to behave as a spinning charged particle in translational motion. The corresponding quantum description is deduced from the Klein-Gordon equation in the Riemann spaces obtained by the methods of path-integration. This equation in the present fiber bundle reduces to the equation for a spinor in the Weyl geometry, which is close to but differs somewhat from the squared Dirac equation.

  13. Lectures on Linear Algebra over Division Ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleks Kleyn

    2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this book i treat linear algebra over division ring. A system of linear equations over a division ring has properties similar to properties of a system of linear equations over a field. However, noncommutativity of a product creates a new picture. Matrices allow two products linked by transpose. Biring is algebra which defines on the set two correlated structures of the ring. As in the commutative case, solutions of a system of linear equations build up right or left vector space depending on type of system. We study vector spaces together with the system of linear equations because their properties have a close relationship. As in a commutative case, the group of automorphisms of a vector space has a single transitive representation on a frame manifold. This gives us an opportunity to introduce passive and active representations. Studying a vector space over a division ring uncovers new details in the relationship between passive and active transformations, makes this picture clearer. Considering of twin representations of division ring in Abelian group leads to the concept of D vector space and their linear map. Based on polyadditive map I considered definition of tensor product of rings and tensor product of D vector spaces.

  14. Euclid Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial Thin Film XRD EpitaxialProgramming Programming

  15. STEP Program Benchmark Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STEP Program Benchmark Report, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  16. Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowek, Gilles

    Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1 , Gilles Dowekc aUniversit´e de Grenoble, together with linear algebra. We see this Linear-algebraic -calculus (also referred to as Lineal for short and linear algebra. This language extends the -calculus with the possibility to make arbitrary linear

  17. Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1 , Gilles Dowekc aUniversit´e de Grenoble, together with linear algebra. We see this Linear-algebraic -calculus (also referred to as Lineal for short and linear algebra. This language extends the -calculus with the possibility to make arbitrary linear

  18. MELT RATE ENHANCEMENT FOR HIGH ALUMINUM HLW (HIGH LEVEL WASTE) GLASS FORMULATION FINAL REPORT 08R1360-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS; KOT W; PEGG IL; JOSEPH I; BARDAKCI T; GAN H; GONG W; CHAUDHURI M

    2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the development and testing of new glass formulations for high aluminum waste streams that achieve high waste loadings while maintaining high processing rates. The testing was based on the compositions of Hanford High Level Waste (HLW) with limiting concentrations of aluminum specified by the Office of River Protection (ORP). The testing identified glass formulations that optimize waste loading and waste processing rate while meeting all processing and product quality requirements. The work included preparation and characterization of crucible melts and small scale melt rate screening tests. The results were used to select compositions for subsequent testing in a DuraMelter 100 (DM100) system. These tests were used to determine processing rates for the selected formulations as well as to examine the effects of increased glass processing temperature, and the form of aluminum in the waste simulant. Finally, one of the formulations was selected for large-scale confirmatory testing on the HLW Pilot Melter (DM1200), which is a one third scale prototype of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) HLW melter and off-gas treatment system. This work builds on previous work performed at the Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL) for Department of Energy (DOE) to increase waste loading and processing rates for high-iron HLW waste streams as well as previous tests conducted for ORP on the same high-aluminum waste composition used in the present work and other Hanford HLW compositions. The scope of this study was outlined in a Test Plan that was prepared in response to an ORP-supplied statement of work. It is currently estimated that the number of HLW canisters to be produced in the WTP is about 13,500 (equivalent to 40,500 MT glass). This estimate is based upon the inventory of the tank wastes, the anticipated performance of the sludge treatment processes, and current understanding of the capability of the borosilicate glass waste form. The WTP HLW melter design, unlike earlier DOE melter designs, incorporates an active glass bubbler system. The bubblers create active glass pool convection and thereby improve heat transfer and glass melting rate. The WTP HLW melter has a glass surface area of 3.75 m{sup 2} and depth of {approx}1.1 m. The two melters in the HLW facility together are designed to produce up to 7.5 MT of glass per day at 100% availability. Further increases in HLW waste processing rates can potentially be achieved by increasing the melter operating temperature above 1150 C and by increasing the waste loading in the glass product. Increasing the waste loading also has the added benefit of decreasing the number of canisters for storage. The current estimates and glass formulation efforts have been conservative in terms of achievable waste loadings. These formulations have been specified to ensure that the glasses are homogenous, contain essentially no crystalline phases, are processable in joule-heated, ceramic-lined melters and meet WTP Contract terms. The WTP's overall mission will require the immobilization of tank waste compositions that are dominated by mixtures of aluminum (Al), chromium (Cr), bismuth (Bi), iron (Fe), phosphorous (P), zirconium (Zr), and sulfur (S) compounds as waste-limiting components. Glass compositions for these waste mixtures have been developed based upon previous experience and current glass property models. Recently, DOE has initiated a testing program to develop and characterize HLW glasses with higher waste loadings. Results of this work have demonstrated the feasibility of increases in wasteloading from about 25 wt% to 33-50 wt% (based on oxide loading) in the glass depending on the waste stream. It is expected that these higher waste loading glasses will reduce the HLW canister production requirement by about 25% or more.

  19. RESEARCHCONTRIBUTIONS Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Mike

    RESEARCHCONTRIBUTIONS Programming Techniques and Data Structures Min-Max Heaps and Ian Munro Editor Generalized Priority Queues M. D. ATKINSON,J.-R. SACK,N. SANTORO,and T. STROTHOTTE ABSTRACT: ,4 simple implementation of double- endedpriority queues is presented. The proposed structure, called a min-max heap, can

  20. Reliability and Maintainability Issues for the Next Linear Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, Zane J.; Gold, Saul L.; Koontz, Ron F.; Lavine, Ted L.; /SLAC

    2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Large accelerators for high energy physics research traditionally have been designed using informal best design, engineering, and management practices to achieve acceptable levels of operational availability. However, the Next Linear Collider(NLC) project presents a particular challenge for operational availability due to the unprecedented size and complexity of the accelerator systems required to achieve the physics goals of high center-of-mass energy and high luminosity. Formal reliability and maintainability analysis, design, and implementation will be required to achieve acceptable operational availability for the high energy physics research program. This paper introduces some of the basic concepts of reliability analysis and applies them to the 2.6-cm microwave power system of the two 10-km-long, 250-GeV linacs that are currently proposed for the NLC design.

  1. Experimental Analysis of Two Measurement Techniques to Characterize Photodiode Linearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coldren, Larry A.

    Experimental Analysis of Two Measurement Techniques to Characterize Photodiode Linearity Anand anand@ece.ucsb.edu Abstract--As photodiodes become more linear, accurately characterizing, the limitations of the measurement system in determining the distortion of highly linear photodiodes. I

  2. Gas Network Optimization: A comparison of Piecewise Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CARLOS M. CORREA-POSADA

    2014-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 4, 2014 ... ... and advanced MILP formulations for the gas network optimization in dynamic or in steady-state conditions. ... Search, Browse the Repository.

  3. Proposed New Program: Planning New Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    Proposed New Program: Planning New Programs Planning Program As outlined in the attached document, the Human Geography group is bringing forward a proposal for a new undergraduate program in Planning. The Curriculum Committee has discussed this program both last year, and in our Friday the 13th

  4. alfven fluctuations linear: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of open and expanding magnetic field configuration with a realistic temperature distribution. We compute the maximum transversal velocity of both linear and non-linear Alfven...

  5. 2009 Linear Collider Workshop of the Americas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seidel, Sally

    2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2009 Linear Collider Workshop of the Americas was held on the campus of the University of New Mexico from 29 September to 3 October, 2009. This was a joint meeting of the American Linear Collider Physics Group and the ILC Global Design Effort. Two hundred fifty people attended. The number of scientific contributions was 333. The complete agenda, with links to all of the presentations, is available at physics.unm.edu/LCWA09/. The meeting brought together international experts as well as junior scientists, to discuss the physics potential of the linear collider and advances in detector technology. The validation of detector designs was announced, and the detector design groups planned the next phase of the effort. Detector R&D teams reported on progress on many topics including calorimetry and tracking. Recent accelerator design considerations were discussed in a special session for experimentalists and theorists.

  6. On frequency dependence of pulsar linear polarization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, P F; Han, J L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Frequency dependence of pulsar linear polarization is investigated by simulations of emission and propagation processes. Linearly polarized waves are generated through curvature radiation by relativistic particles streaming along curved magnetic field lines, which have ordinary mode (O-mode) and extra-ordinary mode (X-mode) components. As emitted waves propagate outwards, two mode components are separated due to re- fraction of the O mode, and their polarization states are also modified. According to the radius to frequency mapping, low frequency emission is generated from higher magnetosphere, where significant rotation effect leads the X and O modes to be sepa- rated. Hence, the low frequency radiation has a large fraction of linear polarization. As the frequency increases, emission is generated from lower heights, where the rotation effect becomes weaker and the distribution regions of two modes are more overlapped. Hence, more significant depolarization appears for emission at higher frequencies. In addit...

  7. Dual-range linearized transimpedance amplifier system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A transimpedance amplifier system is disclosed which simultaneously generates a low-gain output signal and a high-gain output signal from an input current signal using a single transimpedance amplifier having two different feedback loops with different amplification factors to generate two different output voltage signals. One of the feedback loops includes a resistor, and the other feedback loop includes another resistor in series with one or more diodes. The transimpedance amplifier system includes a signal linearizer to linearize one or both of the low- and high-gain output signals by scaling and adding the two output voltage signals from the transimpedance amplifier. The signal linearizer can be formed either as an analog device using one or two summing amplifiers, or alternately can be formed as a digital device using two analog-to-digital converters and a digital signal processor (e.g. a microprocessor or a computer).

  8. Program Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atencio, Julian J.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation covers how to go about developing a human reliability program. In particular, it touches on conceptual thinking, raising awareness in an organization, the actions that go into developing a plan. It emphasizes evaluating all positions, eliminating positions from the pool due to mitigating factors, and keeping the process transparent. It lists components of the process and objectives in process development. It also touches on the role of leadership and the necessity for audit.

  9. Mathematical Formulation Requirements and Specifications for the Process Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steefel, C.; Moulton, D.; Pau, G.; Lipnikov, K.; Meza, J.; Lichtner, P.; Wolery, T.; Bacon, D.; Spycher, N.; Bell, J.; Moridis, G.; Yabusaki, S.; Sonnenthal, E.; Zyvoloski, G.; Andre, B.; Zheng, L.; Davis, J.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) is intended to be a state-of-the-art scientific tool and approach for understanding and predicting contaminant fate and transport in natural and engineered systems. The ASCEM program is aimed at addressing critical EM program needs to better understand and quantify flow and contaminant transport behavior in complex geological systems. It will also address the long-term performance of engineered components including cementitious materials in nuclear waste disposal facilities, in order to reduce uncertainties and risks associated with DOE EM's environmental cleanup and closure activities. Building upon national capabilities developed from decades of Research and Development in subsurface geosciences, computational and computer science, modeling and applied mathematics, and environmental remediation, the ASCEM initiative will develop an integrated, open-source, high-performance computer modeling system for multiphase, multicomponent, multiscale subsurface flow and contaminant transport. This integrated modeling system will incorporate capabilities for predicting releases from various waste forms, identifying exposure pathways and performing dose calculations, and conducting systematic uncertainty quantification. The ASCEM approach will be demonstrated on selected sites, and then applied to support the next generation of performance assessments of nuclear waste disposal and facility decommissioning across the EM complex. The Multi-Process High Performance Computing (HPC) Simulator is one of three thrust areas in ASCEM. The other two are the Platform and Integrated Toolsets (dubbed the Platform) and Site Applications. The primary objective of the HPC Simulator is to provide a flexible and extensible computational engine to simulate the coupled processes and flow scenarios described by the conceptual models developed using the ASCEM Platform. The graded and iterative approach to assessments naturally generates a suite of conceptual models that span a range of process complexity, potentially coupling hydrological, biogeochemical, geomechanical, and thermal processes. The Platform will use ensembles of these simulations to quantify the associated uncertainty, sensitivity, and risk. The Process Models task within the HPC Simulator focuses on the mathematical descriptions of the relevant physical processes.

  10. A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Trevor Paul

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

  11. Evaluation of frankfurters formulated with potassium lactate and sodium diacetate and innocualted with Listeria monocytogenes before and after irradiation treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Timothy David

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    °C. Incorporation of lactate/diacetate into frankfurter formulations with or without irradiation had a strong listeriostatic effect throughout 4 wk of aerobic storage. Total microbial counts for frankfurters formulated with lactate/diacetate remained constant...

  12. Linear and angular retroreflecting interferometric alignment target

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maxey, L. Curtis (Powell, TN)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method and apparatus for measuring both the linear displacement and angular displacement of an object using a linear interferometer system and an optical target comprising a lens, a reflective surface and a retroreflector. The lens, reflecting surface and retroreflector are specifically aligned and fixed in optical connection with one another, creating a single optical target which moves as a unit that provides multi-axis displacement information for the object with which it is associated. This displacement information is useful in many applications including machine tool control systems and laser tracker systems, among others.

  13. Linear Parameter-Varying versus Linear Time-Invariant Control Design for a Pressurized Water Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodenheimer, Bobby

    -dependent control to a nuclear pressurized water reactor is investigated and is compared to that of using an H1Linear Parameter-Varying versus Linear Time-Invariant Control Design for a Pressurized Water Reactor Pascale Bendotti y Electricit e de France Direction des Etudes et Recherches 6 Quai Watier, 78401

  14. A linear logical view of linear type isomorphisms Vincent Balat and Roberto Di Cosmo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balat, Vincent - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7

    A linear logical view of linear type isomorphisms Vincent Balat and Roberto Di Cosmo LIENS ' Ecole lambda calculus) have recently been investigated due to their practical interest in library search, where they provide a means to search functions by type (see [18, 19, 17, 20, 9, 8, 10]) and to match

  15. Reduced weight decontamination formulation utilizing a solid peracid compound for neutralization of chemical and biological warfare agents

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Mark D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduced weight decontamination formulation that utilizes a solid peracid compound (sodium borate peracetate) and a cationic surfactant (dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride) that can be packaged with all water removed. This reduces the packaged weight of the decontamination formulation by .about.80% (as compared to the "all-liquid" DF-200 formulation) and significantly lowers the logistics burden on the warfighter. Water (freshwater or saltwater) is added to the new decontamination formulation at the time of use from a local source.

  16. Summer School Programs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summer School Programs Summer School Programs Focused technical enrichment programs. Contact Leader Francis J. Alexander (505) 665-4518 Email Deputy Carolyn Connor (505) 665-9891...

  17. Existing Facilities Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The NYSERDA Existing Facilities program merges the former Peak Load Reduction and Enhanced Commercial and Industrial Performance programs. The new program offers a broad array of different...

  18. DOE Technical Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    government needs 17 | TAP Webinar eere.energy.gov Market-Focused Programs * Partner with utilities to: - Help promote and supplement EECBG programs - Directly administer programs...

  19. DOE Technical Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    eere.energy.gov What is TAP? DOE's Technical Assistance Program (TAP) supports the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG), the State Energy Program...

  20. Medicinal Plant Mentorship Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Michael; Husted, Cynthia

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year. The program included both educational and communitywith an educational component of the program consisting of amentors. The educational part of the program also included

  1. Euclidean Time Formulation for the Superstring Ensembles: Perturbative Canonical Ensemble with Neveu-Schwarz B Field Backgrounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamoli Chaudhuri

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the Euclidean time formulation for the equilibrium canonical ensemble of the type IIA and type IIB superstrings, and the spin(32)$/{\\rm Z}_2$ heterotic string. We compactify on $R^8 \\times T^2$, and twist by the Neveu-Schwarz sector antisymmetric 2-form $B$-field potential, spontaneously breaking supersymmetry at low temperatures, while preserving the tachyon free low-energy gravitational field theory limit. We verify that the super partners of the massless dilaton-graviton multiplet obtain a mass which is linear in the temperature. In addition, we show that the free energy for the superstring canonical ensemble at weak coupling is always strongly convergent in the ultraviolet, high-temperature, regime dominated by the highest mass level number states. We derive the precise form of the exponential suppression as a linear power of the mass level, which erases the exponential Hagedorn growth of the degeneracies as the square root of mass level number. Finally, we close a gap in previous research giving an unambiguous derivation of the normalization of the one-loop vacuum energy density of the spin(32)$/Z_2$ perturbative heterotic string theory. Invoking the O(32) type IB--heterotic strong-weak duality, we match the normalization of the one loop vacuum energy densities of the $T$-dual O(32) type IA open and closed string with that of the Spin(32)$/Z_2$ heterotic string on $R^9 \\times S^1$, for values of the compactification radius, $R_{\\rm [O(32)]}, ~ R_{\\rm IB}$ $>>$ $ \\alpha^{\\prime 1/2}$, with $R_{\\rm IA} $ $winding spectrum is a simple model for finite temperature pure QCD, transitioning above the critical duality phase transformation temperature to the deconfined ensemble of thermally excited IB gluons.

  2. Perennial Grass Breeding Program BIOENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perennial Grass Breeding Program BIOENERGY PROGRAM One Texas AgriLife Research initiative for bioenergy is the perennial grass breeding program. Results are outlined here. Pearl Millet-Napiergrass P

  3. A Strongly and Superlinearly Convergent SQP Algorithm for Optimization Problems with Linear Complementarity Constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jian Jinbao, E-mail: jianjb@gxu.edu.cn; Li Jianling; Mo Xingde [College of Mathematics and Information Science, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530004 (China)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses a kind of optimization problem with linear complementarity constraints, and presents a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) algorithm for solving a stationary point of the problem. The algorithm is a modification of the SQP algorithm proposed by Fukushima et al. [Computational Optimization and Applications, 10 (1998),5-34], and is based on a reformulation of complementarity condition as a system of linear equations. At each iteration, one quadratic programming and one system of equations needs to be solved, and a curve search is used to yield the step size. Under some appropriate assumptions, including the lower-level strict complementarity, but without the upper-level strict complementarity for the inequality constraints, the algorithm is proved to possess strong convergence and superlinear convergence. Some preliminary numerical results are reported.

  4. A new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer using large number of experimental data with graphite capsules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakamura, Daisuke

    A new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer using large number of experimental data as run products are accumulated, and a new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer is created and clinopyroxene is fixed to be ­ 120.72 (J/kbar.mol). The regressed and obtained thermometer formulation

  5. Least squares based finite element formulations and their applications in fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabhakar, Vivek

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    are proposed, implemented in a computational scheme, and evaluated in this study. The continuity equation is treated as a constraint on the velocity field and the constraint is enforced using the penalty method. These penalty based formulations produce accurate...

  6. Modal Analysis of Deepwater Mooring Lines Based on a Variational Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez Farfan, Jose Alberto

    2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous work on modal analysis of mooring lines has been performed from different theoretical formulations. Most studies have focused on mooring lines of a single homogeneous material, and the effect of added mass and damping produced by the water...

  7. Optimal inspection scheduling with alternative fatigue reliability formulations for steel bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    Optimal inspection scheduling with alternative fatigue reliability formulations for steel bridges H, USA Keywords: steel bridges, structural reliability, fatigue, optimal inspection, fracture, plate girder, box girder ABSTRACT: A reliability-based method for inspection scheduling of steel bridges

  8. DC-OPF Formulation with Price-Sensitive Demand Bids Junjie Sun and Leigh Tesfatsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    DC-OPF Formulation with Price-Sensitive Demand Bids Junjie Sun and Leigh Tesfatsion Last Revised (TNCS) subject to various transmission constraints. As explained at length in Sun and Tesfation (2007

  9. An energy-preserving muscle tissue model: formulation and compatible discretizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An energy-preserving muscle tissue model: formulation and compatible discretizations D. Chapelle ­ phenomena associated with these energy considerations. Keywords: muscle tissue modeling; myocardium; multiscale; energy balance; time and space discretizations 1 Introduction The modeling of the active

  10. Path integral formulation of retardation effects in nonlinear optics Vladimir Chernyaka) and Shaul Mukamel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Path integral formulation of retardation effects in nonlinear optics Vladimir Chernyaka) and Shaul;accepted4 October 1993) The signaturesof retardation in nonlinear optical susceptibilitiesare studiedby optical signalsare usually'calculatedby first calculating a nonlinear susceptibility definedby expanding

  11. Efficient Formulations for the Multi-Floor Facility Layout Problem with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Goetschalckx and Takashi Irohara

    2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 22, 2007 ... 1 Introduction. Facilities design is a methodology for the design of the physical enclosure of a set of operations. ... multiple floors. In addition, a compact building shape may allow for more efficient ... 3 Integrated Formulations.

  12. Glass Property Models and Constraints for Estimating the Glass to be Produced at Hanford by Implementing Current Advanced Glass Formulation Efforts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Skorski, Daniel C.; Matyas, Josef

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent glass formulation and melter testing data have suggested that significant increases in waste loading in HLW and LAW glasses are possible over current system planning estimates. The data (although limited in some cases) were evaluated to determine a set of constraints and models that could be used to estimate the maximum loading of specific waste compositions in glass. It is recommended that these models and constraints be used to estimate the likely HLW and LAW glass volumes that would result if the current glass formulation studies are successfully completed. It is recognized that some of the models are preliminary in nature and will change in the coming years. Plus the models do not currently address the prediction uncertainties that would be needed before they could be used in plant operations. The models and constraints are only meant to give an indication of rough glass volumes and are not intended to be used in plant operation or waste form qualification activities. A current research program is in place to develop the data, models, and uncertainty descriptions for that purpose. A fundamental tenet underlying the research reported in this document is to try to be less conservative than previous studies when developing constraints for estimating the glass to be produced by implementing current advanced glass formulation efforts. The less conservative approach documented herein should allow for the estimate of glass masses that may be realized if the current efforts in advanced glass formulations are completed over the coming years and are as successful as early indications suggest they may be. Because of this approach there is an unquantifiable uncertainty in the ultimate glass volume projections due to model prediction uncertainties that has to be considered along with other system uncertainties such as waste compositions and amounts to be immobilized, split factors between LAW and HLW, etc.

  13. Automatic tuning for linearly tunable filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Sung-Ling

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A new tuning scheme for linearly tunable high-Q filters is proposed. The tuning method is based on using the phase information for both frequency and Q factor tuning. There is no need to find out the relationship between a filter's passband...

  14. SME0141 lgebra Linear e Equaes Diferenciais

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spreafico, Mauro - Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação, Universidade de São Paulo

    SME0141 Álgebra Linear e Equações Diferenciais Aula 5 Maria Luísa Bambozzi de Oliveira marialuisa; Propriedades; Teorema. Maria Luísa SME0141 Aula 5 #12;Equações Diferenciais ­ Introdução Fenômenos em física químicas, etc. Maria Luísa SME0141 Aula 5 #12;Equações Diferenciais ­ Definições Equação diferencial

  15. Original Paper Fully interconnected, linear control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Mitra J. Z.

    Original Paper Fully interconnected, linear control for limit cycle walking Joseph H Solomon1 and simple control methodologies for these models (Collins & Ruina, 2005; Hobbelen & Wisse, 2008a, 2008b. Corresponding author: Joseph H. Solomon, Northwestern University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2145

  16. Primes Solutions Of Linear Diophantine Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. A. Carella

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Let k => 1, m => 1 be small fixed integers, gcd(k, m) = 1. This note develops some techniques for proving the existence of infinitely many primes solutions x = p, and y = q of the linear Diophantine equation y = mx + k.

  17. Linearity -statistics 1.1B training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linearity - statistics IPAT 1.1B training 300M training D0 resolution is evaluated using 100k. Black is a bank with 3.5 times as much statistics. There may be a hint of slight improvement;Narrow beam + high statistics IPAT Default FTK constants Narrow-beam constants Reconstruction performance

  18. Numerical Linear Algebra and Optimization on Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    Numerical Linear Algebra and Optimization on Facebook: "In a relationship" or "It's complicated indicate their "relationship status" on Facebook (!!!). (I don't need to define Facebook, right?) #12;Facebook is close to ubiquitous (1.2 billion users in March 2014). 556 million people log on to Facebook

  19. QCD Interconnection Studies at Linear Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valery A. Khoze; Torbjörn Sjöstrand

    1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy objects like the W, Z and t are short-lived compared with typical hadronization times. When pairs of such particles are produced, the subsequent hadronic decay systems may therefore become interconnected. We study such potential effects at Linear Collider energies.

  20. Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaValle, Steven M.

    Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic Leonardo Bobadilla Oscar Sanchez Justin or state feedback. We do this by exploiting the wild motions of very simple bodies in an environment propose to start with a "wildly behaving" body for which its precise equations of motion are unknown

  1. The effectiveness of dilute and concentrated dust formulations in cotton insect control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enkerlin-Schallenmueller, Dieter

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DILUTE AND CONCENTRATED DUST FORMULATIONS IN COTTON INSECT CONTROL A Dissertation by DIETER ENKERLIN-S CHALLENMUELLER Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment Of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 1957 Major Subject: Entomology THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DILUTE AND CONCENTRATED DUST FORMULATIONS IN COTTON INSECT CONTROL A Dissertation by DIETER ENKERLIN-S CHALLENMUELLER...

  2. Experimental Ion Exchange Column With SuperLig 639 And Simulant Formulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morse, Megan; Nash, C.

    2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperLig®639 ion exchange resin was tested as a retrieval mechanism for pertechnetate, through decontamination of a perrhenate spiked 5M Simple Average Na{sup +} Mass Based Simulant. Testing included batch contacts and a three-column ion exchange campaign. A decontamination of perrhenate exceeding 99% from the liquid feed was demonstrated. Analysis of the first formulation of a SBS/WESP simulant found unexpectedly low concentrations of soluble aluminum. Follow-on work will complete the formulation.

  3. Science Programs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearchScheduled System OutagesNews Press ReleasesSciencePrograms

  4. Resource Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September 2010 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D

  5. Retiree Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September 2010 B O N N E V IphotovoltaicsLibrary

  6. Program Planning

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16Hamada wins GeraldDuncan McBranchProgram Planning at

  7. The formulation of General Relativity in extended phase space as a way to its quantization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Our attempts to find an explanation for quantum behavior of the Early Universe appeal, as a rule, to the Wheeler - DeWitt Quantum Geometrodynamics which relies upon Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity proposed by Arnowitt, Deser and Misner (ADM). In spite of the fact that the basic ideas of this approach were put forward about fifty years ago, even now we do not have clear understanding what Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity must be. An evidence for it gives a recent paper by Kiriushcheva and Kuzmin [arXiv:0809.0097], where the authors claim that the formulation by ADM and that by Dirac made in his seminal work of 1958 are not equivalent. If so, we face the question what formalism should be chosen. Another problem is that we need a well-grounded procedure of constructing a generator of transformations in phase space for all gravitational variables including gauge ones. It suggests the notion of extended phase space. After analyzing the situation, we show that Hamiltonian formulation in extended phase space is a real alternative to Dirac and ADM formulations and can be constructed to be equivalent to the original (Lagrangian) formulation of General Relativity. Quantization in extended phase space is straightforward and leads to a new description of quantum Universe in which an essential place is given to gauge degrees of freedom.

  8. Solar Energy Incentives Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The deadline for the most recent solicitation under this program has now passed. The program is currently closed, pending revisions to the program guidelines. Please see the program web site...

  9. Human Reliability Program Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodin, Michael

    2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation covers the high points of the Human Reliability Program, including certification/decertification, critical positions, due process, organizational structure, program components, personnel security, an overview of the US DOE reliability program, retirees and academia, and security program integration.

  10. Observability Criteria and Estimator Design for Stochastic Linear Hybrid Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gummadi, Ramakrishna

    . Alessandri and Coletta [5] proposed a Luenberger observer design methodology for deterministic linear hybrid

  11. SWITCHING TIME ESTIMATION OF PIECEWISE LINEAR SYSTEMS. APPLICATION TO DIAGNOSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    systems. Recently (Alessandri, 2001), Alessandri considered the case where continuous evolution is linear

  12. Compact Proof Certificates For Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Kaustuv

    Compact Proof Certificates For Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri INRIA, France http://kaustuv.chaudhuri

  13. Lagrangian theory of gravitational instability of Friedman-Lemaitre cosmologies - generic third-order model for non-linear clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert

    1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lagrangian perturbation theory on Friedman-Lemaitre cosmologies investigated and solved up to the second order in earlier papers (Buchert 1992, Buchert \\& Ehlers 1993) is evaluated up to the third order. On its basis a model for non-linear clustering applicable to the modeling of large-scale structure in the Universe for generic initial conditions is formulated. A truncated model is proposed which represents the ``main body'' of the perturbation sequence in the early non-linear regime by neglecting all gravitational sources which describe interaction of the perturbations. However, I also give the irrotational solutions generated by the interaction terms to the third order, which induce vorticity in Lagrangian space. The consequences and applicability of the solutions are put into perspective. In particular, the model presented enables the study of previrialization effects in gravitational clustering and the onset of non-dissipative gravitational turbulence within the cluster environment.

  14. LWR Sustainability Program Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    References LWRS Program Reports Technical Integration Office Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Accomplishments Report, 2014. pdf Light Water Reactor Sustainability...

  15. Renewable Energy Grant Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: This program is no longer accepting applications. See the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''

  16. Integrated Program Review Fish and Wildlife Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integrated Program Review (IPR) Fish and Wildlife Program Costs May 20, 2010 Presented to Northwest-2013 data is based on the proposed IPR spending levels as of May 13, 2010. Total $ 155 4 20 34 4 445 116 778 Program Proposed Expense Budget F&W Program Expense Budget IPR FY 2012 FY 2013 Base * 239,634,000 243

  17. International Programs and Services International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    International Programs and Services _______________ 1.5 Page 1 International Programs and Services OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Offices in Laurel Hall (970) 491-5917 www.international.colostate.edu James A. Cooney, Vice Provost for International Affairs The Office of International Programs acts

  18. International Programs and Services International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    International Programs and Services International Programs and Services OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Offices in Laurel Hall (970) 491-5917 international.colostate.edu James A. Cooney, Vice Provost for International Affairs The Office of International Programs acts as a catalyst for ideas that bring about

  19. Signature Program/Landmark Research Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Signature Program/Landmark Research Programs for the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences November 20, 2008 #12;SIGNATURE PROGRAM PROPOSAL: CARDIOVASCULAR SCIENCES/DEBAKEY INSTITUTE in Figure 1 to identify the participants in the cardiovascular science program and the central role

  20. Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program FY-98 Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herbst, Alan Keith; Mc Cray, John Alan; Rogers, Adam Zachary; Simmons, R. F.; Palethorpe, S. J.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1998, three grout formulations were studied for low-activity wastes derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste. Compressive strength and leach results are presented for phosphate bonding cement, acidic grout, and alkaline grout formulations. In an additional study, grout formulations are recommended for stabilization of the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels.

  1. Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program, FY-98 Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herbst, A.K.; Rogers, A.Z.; McCray, J.A.; Simmons, R.F.; Palethorpe, S.J.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1998, three grout formulations were studied for low-activity wastes derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste. Compressive strength and leach results are presented for phosphate bonding cement, acidic grout, and alkaline grout formulations. In an additional study, grout formulations are recommended for stabilization of the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels.

  2. [hal-00529816, v2] On optimizing over lift-and-project closures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonami, Pierre

    2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 27, 2010 ... lift-and-project cuts from the initial formulation of a mixed integer linear pro- ... LP used in disjunctive programming procedures with a particular ...

  3. Optimization of Demand Response Through Peak Shaving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 19, 2013 ... efficient linear programming formulation for the demand response of such a consumer who could be a price taker, industrial or commercial user ...

  4. Towards a Future Linear Collider and The Linear Collider Studies at CERN

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    During the week 18-22 October, more than 400 physicists will meet at CERN and in the CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva) to review the global progress towards a future linear collider. The 2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both the CLIC and ILC options. Among the topics presented and discussed will be the progress towards the CLIC Conceptual Design Report in 2011, the ILC Technical Design Report in 2012, physics and detector studies linked to these reports, and an increasing numbers of common working group activities. The seminar will give an overview of these topics and also CERN?s linear collider studies, focusing on current activities and initial plans for the period 2011-16. n.b: The Council Chamber is also reserved for this colloquium with a live transmission from the Main Auditorium.

  5. Enhanced dielectric-wall linear accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sampayan, S.E.; Caporaso, G.J.; Kirbie, H.C.

    1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is enhanced by a high-voltage, fast e-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 6 figs.

  6. Linearized warp drive and the energy conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francisco S. N. Lobo; Matt Visser

    2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ''Warp drive'' spacetimes are useful as ''gedanken-experiments'' and as a theoretician's probe of the foundations of general relativity. Applying linearized gravity to the weak-field warp drive, i.e., for non-relativistic warp-bubble velocities, we find that the occurrence of energy condition violations in this class of spacetimes is generic to the form of the geometry under consideration and is not simply a side-effect of the ''superluminal'' properties. Using the linearized construction it is now possible to compare the warp field energy with the mass-energy of the spaceship, and applying the ''volume integral quantifier'', extremely stringent conditions on the warp drive spacetime are found.

  7. An LED pulser for measuring photomultiplier linearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friend, M; Quinn, B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light-emitting diode (LED) pulser for testing the low-rate response of a photomultiplier tube (PMT) to scintillator-like pulses has been designed, developed, and implemented. This pulser is intended to simulate 80 ns full width at half maximum photon pulses over the dynamic range of the PMT, in order to precisely determine PMT linearity. This particular design has the advantage that, unlike many LED test rigs, it does not require the use of multiple calibrated LEDs, making it insensitive to LED gain drifts. Instead, a finite-difference measurement is made using two LEDs which need not be calibrated with respect to one another. These measurements give a better than 1% mapping of the response function, allowing for the testing and development of particularly linear PMT bases.

  8. A robustness application for linear estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitzman, Kenneth Victor

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , recursive algorithm for yielding estimates of the state of a linear dynamic system (see, for example, the excellent tutorial [1]). Many other applications of this estimation scheme exist in the areas of signal processing, power systems, telecommunications... on robustness causes the coefficient which maximizes J to approach the coefficient which produces maximum robustness. 37 REFERENCES [1] I. B. Rhodes, "A Tutorial Introduction to Estimation and Filtering, "IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, vol. AC-16, pp...

  9. Positive energy quantization of linear dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derezinski, Jan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The abstract mathematical structure behind the positive energy quantization of linear classical systems is described. It is separated into 3 stages: the description of a classical system, the algebraic quantization and the Hilbert space quantization. 4 kinds of systems are distinguished: neutral bosonic, neutral bosonic, charged bosonic and charged fermionic. The formalism that is described follows closely the usual constructions employed in quantum physics to introduce non-interacting quantum fields.

  10. Subsonic Free Surface Waves in Linear Elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sönke Hansen

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    For general anisotropic linear elastic solids with smooth boundaries, Rayleigh-type surface waves are studied. Using spectral factorizations of matrix polynomials, a self-contained exposition of the case of a homogeneous half-space is given first. The main result is about inhomogeneous anisotropic bodies with curved surfaces. The existence of subsonic free surface waves is shown by giving ray series asymptotic expansions, including formulas for the transport equation.

  11. Linear Concentrator Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJuno Beach,October,Lighthouse Solar JumpLindeLinear

  12. "Speed" - statistical programs for evaluating empirical data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vivian, Herman Taft

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    g r e s s i on?an 3 Ra ~ or. 1 c An s, l. y. s i s 5. Polynor ia' Regression 6. As?nstotic Regression Non-Linear Regression Ansly is of Variance The eight programs avails le in this cat. gory are: l. Analysis ot Variance for One-Way Design 2... Guttman Scale Preprocessor 5. Guttman Scale gl 6. Guttman Scale b'2, Part 1 7. Guttman Scale b2, Part 2 8. Guttmsn Scale b2, Part 3 9. Transgeneration 10. Transposition of' Large Matrices Although t? is MD package of' programs is extensive...

  13. 2-D linear motion system. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy's (DOE's) nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) program requires buildings to be decontaminated, decommissioned, and surveyed for radiological contamination in an expeditious and cost-effective manner. Simultaneously, the health and safety of personnel involved in the D and D activities is of primary concern. D and D workers must perform duties high off the ground, requiring the use of manlifts or scaffolding, often, in radiologically or chemically contaminated areas or in areas with limited access. Survey and decontamination instruments that are used are sometimes heavy or awkward to use, particularly when the worker is operating from a manlift or scaffolding. Finding alternative methods of performing such work on manlifts or scaffolding is important. The 2-D Linear Motion System (2-D LMS), also known as the Wall Walker{trademark}, is designed to remotely position tools and instruments on walls for use in such activities as radiation surveys, decontamination, and painting. Traditional (baseline) methods for operating equipment for these tasks require workers to perform duties on elevated platforms, sometimes several meters above the ground surface and near potential sources of contamination. The Wall Walker 2-D LMS significantly improves health and safety conditions by facilitating remote operation of equipment. The Wall Walker 2-D LMS performed well in a demonstration of its precision, accuracy, maneuverability, payload capacity, and ease of use. Thus, this innovative technology is demonstrated to be a viable alternative to standard methods of performing work on large, high walls, especially those that have potential contamination concerns. The Wall Walker was used to perform a final release radiological survey on over 167 m{sup 2} of walls. In this application, surveying using a traditional (baseline) method that employs an aerial lift for manual access was 64% of the total cost of the improved technology. However, for areas over approximately 600 m{sup 2}, the Wall Walker would cost less than the baseline. Using the Wall Walker 2-D LMS, ALARA exposure and worker safety is improved, and there is potential for increased productivity. This innovative technology performed better than the baseline by providing real-time monitoring of the tool or instrument position. Also, the Wall Walker 2-D LMS can traverse any two-dimensional path at constant speeds of up to 18.3 linear meters per minute (60 linear feet per minute). The survey production rate for the innovative technology was about 0.6 m{sup 2}/min (6 ft{sup 2}/min); the baseline production rate was approximately 0.3 m{sup 2}/min (3 ft{sup 2}/min), using the same surveying instrument and maximum scanning rate.

  14. Optimization Online - On mutual impact of numerical linear algebra ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco D'Apuzzo

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 12, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

  15. Optimization Online - Group sparsity via linear-time projection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewout van den Berg

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 31, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

  16. DM100 AND DM1200 MELTER TESTING WITH HIGH WASTE LOADING GLASS FORMULATIONS FOR HANFORD HIGH-ALUMINUM HLW STREAMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS; KOT WK; PEGG IL; JOSEPH I

    2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Test Plan describes work to support the development and testing of high waste loading glass formulations that achieve high glass melting rates for Hanford high aluminum high level waste (HLW). In particular, the present testing is designed to evaluate the effect of using low activity waste (LAW) waste streams as a source of sodium in place ofchemical additives, sugar or cellulose as a reductant, boehmite as an aluminum source, and further enhancements to waste processing rate while meeting all processing and product quality requirements. The work will include preparation and characterization of crucible melts in support of subsequent DuraMelter 100 (DM 100) tests designed to examine the effects of enhanced glass formulations, glass processing temperature, incorporation of the LAW waste stream as a sodium source, type of organic reductant, and feed solids content on waste processing rate and product quality. Also included is a confirmatory test on the HLW Pilot Melter (DM1200) with a composition selected from those tested on the DM100. This work builds on previous work performed at the Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL) for Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of River Protection (ORP) to increase waste loading and processing rates for high-iron HLW waste streams as well as previous tests conducted for ORP on the same waste composition. This Test Plan is prepared in response to an ORP-supplied statement of work. It is currently estimated that the number of HLW canisters to be produced in the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is about 12,500. This estimate is based upon the inventory ofthe tank wastes, the anticipated performance of the sludge treatment processes, and current understanding of the capability of the borosilicate glass waste form. The WTP HLW melter design, unlike earlier DOE melter designs, incorporates an active glass bubbler system. The bubblers create active glass pool convection and thereby improve heat transfer and glass melting rate. The WTP HLW melter has a glass surface area of 3.75 m{sup 2} and depth of {approx}1.1 m. The two melters in the HLW facility together are designed to produce up to 7.5 MT of glass per day at 100% availability. Further increases in HLW waste processing rates can potentially be achieved by increasing the melter operating temperature above 1150 C and by increasing the waste loading in the glass product Increasing the waste loading also has the added benefit of decreasing the number of canisters for storage. The current estimates and glass formulation efforts have been conservative in terms of achievable waste loadings. These formulations have been specified to ensure that the glasses are homogenous, contain essentially no crystalline phases, are processable in joule-heated, ceramic-lined melters and meet WTP contract requirements. The WTP's overall mission will require the immobilization oftank waste compositions that are dominated by mixtures of aluminum (Al), chromium (Cr), bismuth (Bi), iron (Fe), phosphorous (P), zirconium (Zr), and sulfur (S) compounds as waste-limiting components. Glass compositions for these waste mixtures have been developed based upon previous experience and current glass property models. Recently, DOE has initiated a testing program to develop and characterize HLW glasses with higher waste loadings. Results of this work have demonstrated the feasibility of increases in waste-loading from about 25 wt% to 33-50 wt% (based on oxide loading) in the glass depending on the waste stream. It is expected that these higher waste loading glasses will reduce the HLW canister production requirement by about 25% or more.

  17. Optimization of boiling water reactor control rod patterns using linear search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiguchi, T.; Doi, K.; Fikuzaki, T.; Frogner, B.; Lin, C.; Long, A.B.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computer program for searching the optimal control rod pattern has been developed. The program is able to find a control rod pattern where the resulting power distribution is optimal in the sense that it is the closest to the desired power distribution, and it satisfies all operational constraints. The search procedure consists of iterative uses of two steps: sensitivity analyses of local power and thermal margins using a three-dimensional reactor simulator for a simplified prediction model; linear search for the optimal control rod pattern with the simplified model. The optimal control rod pattern is found along the direction where the performance index gradient is the steepest. This program has been verified to find the optimal control rod pattern through simulations using operational data from the Oyster Creek Reactor.

  18. Concrete Structure Design Using Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming with Complementarity Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Concrete Structure Design Using Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming with Complementarity) formulation to achieve minimum-cost designs for reinforced concrete (RC) structures that satisfy building code requirements. The objective function includes material and labor costs for concrete, steel reinforcing bars

  19. Graduate Programs Auburn University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forestry Graduate Programs Auburn University Auburn University, Alabama 368495414 Programs://www.forestry.auburn.edu/graduate/ University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California 947203114 Program: Forestry http://espm.berkeley.edu/gradprograms/grad_programs_mf.html Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina 29634 Program: Forest Resources http

  20. CONSIDERATIONS FOR GROUT FORMULATIONS FOR FACILITY CLOSURES USING IN SITU STRATEGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gladden, J.; Serrato, M.; Langton, C.; Long, T.; Blankenship, J.; Hannah, G.; Stubblefield, R.; Szilagyi, A.

    2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting in situ closures (entombment) at a large number of facilities throughout the complex. Among the largest closure actions currently underway are the closures of the P and R Reactors at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, South Carolina. In these facilities, subgrade open spaces are being stabilized with grout; this ensures the long term structural integrity of the facilities and permanently immobilizes and isolates residual contamination. The large size and structural complexity of these facilities present a wide variety of challenges for the identification and selection of appropriate fill materials. Considerations for grout formulations must account for flowability, long term stability, set times, heat generation and interactions with materials within the structure. The large size and configuration of the facility necessitates that grout must be pumped from the exterior to the spaces to be filled, which requires that the material must retain a high degree of flowability to move through piping without clogging while achieving the required leveling properties at the pour site. Set times and curing properties must be controlled to meet operations schedules, while not generating sufficient heat to compromise the properties of the fill material. The properties of residual materials can result in additional requirements for grout formulations. If significant quantities of aluminum are present in the facility, common formulations of highly alkaline grouts may not be appropriate because of the potential for hydrogen generation with the resultant risks. SRS is developing specialized inorganic grout formulations that are designed to address this issue. One circum-neutral chemical grout formulation identified for initial consideration did not possess the proper chemical characteristics, having exceptionally short set times and high heat of hydration. Research efforts are directed toward developing grout formulations that can meet operational requirements for chemical compatibility, extended set times and reduced heat generation.