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Sample records for linear concentrator systems

  1. Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power August 20, 2013 - 4:45pm Addthis Photo of numerous...

  2. A 20-SUN HYBRID PV-THERMAL LINEAR MICRO-CONCENTRATOR SYSTEM FOR URBAN ROOFTOP APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conditioning (HVAC), and process heat. The system can be modularly configured for hybrid concentrating PVA 20-SUN HYBRID PV-THERMAL LINEAR MICRO-CONCENTRATOR SYSTEM FOR URBAN ROOFTOP APPLICATIONS D Walter of America ABSTRACT A unique, linear, low-concentration, hybrid `micro- concentrator' (MCT) system concept

  3. Two linear slot nozzle virtual impactors for concentration of bioaerosols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haglund, John Steven

    2005-02-17

    Two experimental configurations of linear slot nozzle virtual impactors were constructed and experimentally investigated for use as bioaerosol concentrators. In one configuration, the Linear Slot Virtual Impactor (LSVI), ...

  4. Wave functions of linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomasz Sowinski

    2007-06-05

    Complete analysis of quantum wave functions of linear systems in an arbitrary number of dimensions is given. It is shown how one can construct a complete set of stationary quantum states of an arbitrary linear system from purely classical arguments. This construction is possible because for linear systems classical dynamics carries the whole information about quantum dynamics.

  5. 500-watt commercialized concentrator system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronney, K.; Aerni, E.

    1983-02-01

    A passively cooled, single-axis tracking, polar-axis mounted photovoltaic concentrator system has been designed, fabricated, installed, and tested. System description, design considerations, system performance and a production cost estimate are detailed.

  6. Algorithms for Solving Linear Congruences and Systems of Linear Congruences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florentin Smarandache

    2007-02-16

    In this article we determine several theorems and methods for solving linear congruences and systems of linear congruences, and we find the number of distinct solutions. Many examples of solving congruences are given.

  7. A HYBRID SOLAR LINEAR CONCENTRATOR PROTOTYPE IN INDIA , J. Daniel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and community power supply, and grid connected PV generation [1]. The need for heat in applications such as domestic hot water, air conditioning, or air heating for drying cash crops, makes hybrid concentrator PV-grid systems for basic lighting, irrigation pumps, cellular phone towers, urban applications, medical

  8. Linear Concentrator Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLiberty PowerLine Extension Analysis Jump

  9. Linear relaxations for transmission system planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joshua A.

    We apply a linear relaxation procedure for polynomial optimization problems to transmission system planning. The approach recovers and improves upon existing linear models based on the DC approximation. We then consider ...

  10. System identification for passive linear quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madalin Guta; Naoki Yamamoto

    2014-08-27

    System identification is a key enabling component for the implementation of quantum technologies, including quantum control. In this paper, we consider the class of passive linear input-output systems, and investigate several basic questions: (1) which parameters can be identified? (2) Given sufficient input-output data, how do we reconstruct system parameters? (3) How can we optimize the estimation precision by preparing appropriate input states and performing measurements on the output? We show that minimal systems can be identified up to a unitary transformation on the modes, and systems satisfying a Hamiltonian connectivity condition called "infecting" are completely identifiable. We propose a frequency domain design based on a Fisher information criterion, for optimizing the estimation precision for coherent input state. As a consequence of the unitarity of the transfer function, we show that the Heisenberg limit with respect to the input energy can be achieved using non-classical input states.

  11. Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | InternationalLand andDepartmentCo-Current Dilute

  12. Motivation Introduction Linear maps as stream circuits Final semantics In conclusion Linear systems, coalgebraically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Jan

    Motivation Introduction Linear maps as stream circuits Final semantics In conclusion Linear systems, coalgebraically Jan Rutten CWI & Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam CALCO 2007 #12;Motivation Introduction Linear maps as stream circuits Final semantics In conclusion Motivation Why linear systems, coalgebraically? · Very

  13. Integer Algorithms to Solver Diophantine Linear Equations and Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florentin Smarandache

    2007-11-28

    The present work includes some of the author's original researches on integer solutions of Diophantine liner equations and systems. The notion of "general integer solution" of a Diophantine linear equation with two unknowns is extended to Diophantine linear equations with $n$ unknowns and then to Diophantine linear systems. The proprieties of the general integer solution are determined (both for a Diophantine linear equation and for a Diophantine linear system). Seven original integer algorithms (two for Diophantine linear equations, and five for Diophantine linear systems) are exposed. The algorithms are strictly proved and an example for each of them is given. These algorithms can be easily implemented on the computer.

  14. Krylov space solvers for shifted linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jegerlehner

    1996-12-15

    We investigate the application of Krylov space methods to the solution of shifted linear systems of the form (A+\\sigma) x - b = 0 for several values of \\sigma simultaneously, using only as many matrix-vector operations as the solution of a single system requires. We find a suitable description of the problem, allowing us to understand known algorithms in a common framework and developing shifted methods basing on short recurrence methods, most notably the CG and the BiCGstab solvers. The convergence properties of these shifted solvers are well understood and the derivation of other shifted solvers is easily possible. The application of these methods to quark propagator calculations in quenched QCD using Wilson and Clover fermions is discussed and numerical examples in this framework are presented. With the shifted CG method an optimal algorithm for staggered fermions is available.

  15. 1. INTRODUCTION It is relatively easy to control linear systems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej

    1. INTRODUCTION It is relatively easy to control linear systems. Unfortunately, in practice most systems are nonlinear. Some of them can be linearized and use well developed linear control theory, but in many cases a special nonlinear control system has to be developed. Nonlinear control is one

  16. MA 266 Lecture 35 7.9 Nonhomogeneous Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MA 266 Lecture 35. 7.9 Nonhomogeneous Linear Systems. In this section, we consider the nonhomogeneous system x' : Ax + g(t). The general solution can be

  17. Commercial Development of an Advanced, High-Temperature, Linear-Fresnel Based Concentrating Solar Power Concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viljoen, Nolan; Schuknecht, Nathan

    2012-05-28

    Included herein is SkyFuel’s detailed assessment of the potential for a direct molten salt linear Fresnel collector. Linear Fresnel architecture is of interest because it has features that are well suited for use with molten salt as a heat transfer fluid: the receiver is fixed (only the mirrors track), the receiver diameter is large (reducing risk of freeze events), and the total linear feet of receiver can be reduced due to the large aperture area. Using molten salt as a heat transfer fluid increases the allowable operating temperature of a collector field, and the cost of thermal storage is reduced in proportion to that increase in temperature. At the conclusion of this project, SkyFuel determined that the cost goals set forth in the contract could not be reasonably met. The performance of a Linear Fresnel collector is significantly less than that of a parabolic trough, in particular due to linear Fresnel’s large optical cosine losses. On an annual basis, the performance is 20 to 30% below that of a parabolic trough per unit area. The linear Fresnel collector and balance of system costs resulted in an LCOE of approximately 9.9¢/kWhre. Recent work by SkyFuel has resulted in a large aperture trough design (DSP Trough) with an LCOE value of 8.9 ¢/kWhre calculated with comparative financial terms and balance of plant costs (White 2011). Thus, even though the optimized linear Fresnel collector of our design has a lower unit cost than our optimized trough, it cannot overcome the reduction in annual performance.

  18. Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cells. However, challenges exist for concentrators. First, the required concentrating optics are significantly more expensive than the simple covers needed for flat-plate solar...

  19. Low Cost High Concentration PV Systems for Utility Power Generation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Residential and Utility Solar Power Generating Systems SunPower,Low Cost Thin Film Building-Integrated PV Systems Low Cost High Concentration PV Systems for Utility Power...

  20. Energy concentration in composite quantum systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurcz, Andreas; Beige, Almut; Capolupo, Antonio; Vitiello, Giuseppe; Del Giudice, Emilio

    2010-06-15

    The spontaneous emission of photons from optical cavities and from trapped atoms has been studied extensively in the framework of quantum optics. Theoretical predictions based on the rotating wave approximation (RWA) are, in general, in very good agreement with experimental findings. However, current experiments aim at combining better and better cavities with large numbers of tightly confined atoms. Here we predict an energy concentrating mechanism in the behavior of such a composite quantum system which cannot be described by the RWA. Its result is the continuous leakage of photons through the cavity mirrors, even in the absence of external driving. We conclude with a discussion of the predicted phenomenon in the context of thermodynamics.

  1. Electronic Non-Contacting Linear Position Measuring System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2005-06-14

    A non-contacting linear position location system employs a special transmission line to encode and transmit magnetic signals to a receiver on the object whose position is to be measured. The invention is useful as a non-contact linear locator of moving objects, e.g., to determine the location of a magnetic-levitation train for the operation of the linear-synchronous motor drive system.

  2. Linear programming model for optimum resource allocation in rural systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devadas, V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India)

    1997-07-01

    The article presents a model for optimum resource allocation in a rural system. Making use of linear programming, the objective function of the linear programming model is to maximize the revenue of the rural system, and optimum resource allocation is made subject to a number of energy- and nonenergy-related constraints relevant to the rural system. The model also quantifies the major yields as well as the by-products of different sectors of the rural economic system.

  3. On Optimal Feedback Control for Stationary Linear Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, David L., E-mail: russell@math.vt.ed [Virginia Tech, Department of Mathematics (United States)

    2010-04-15

    We study linear-quadratic optimal control problems for finite dimensional stationary linear systems AX+BU=Z with output Y=CX+DU from the viewpoint of linear feedback solution. We interpret solutions in relation to system robustness with respect to disturbances Z and relate them to nonlinear matrix equations of Riccati type and eigenvalue-eigenvector problems for the corresponding Hamiltonian system. Examples are included along with an indication of extensions to continuous, i.e., infinite dimensional, systems, primarily of elliptic type.

  4. Concentrated Photovoltaic Systems Center for Energy Research at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Amonix Concentrated Photovoltaic Systems Center for Energy Research at UNLV #12;A State-of-the-Art Solar Power System Center for Energy Research at UNLV The most common photovoltaic (PV) systems-Concentration Photovoltaic System. Manufactured by AmonixTM, the first MegamoduleTM system ­ Model 5500 ­ was a single

  5. Syllabus: EE 313 Linear Signals and Systems Spring 2012 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heath Jr., - Robert W.

    , and biomedical engineering among others. The emphasis of this course is on signal processing tools but we Linear Signals and Systems Spring 2012 2 Course Introduction Signal processing is rich with tools will be your first introduction to the concepts of signal processing, especially processing signals with linear

  6. Modal approximations to damped linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Veseli/'c

    2009-07-01

    We consider a finite dimensional damped second order system and obtain spectral inclusion theorems for the related quadratic eigenvalue problem. The inclusion sets are the 'quasi Cassini ovals' which may greatly outperform standard Gershgorin circles. As the unperturbed system we take a modally damped part of the system; this includes the known proportionally damped models, but may give much sharper estimates. These inclusions are then applied to derive some easily calculable sufficient conditions for the overdampedness of a given damped system.

  7. Joint Optimization of Communication Rates and Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joint Optimization of Communication Rates and Linear Systems L. Xiao M. Johansson H. Hindi S. Boyd system, such as a controller or estimator, in which several signals are transmitted over communication in the design of networked controllers and the associated communication systems, including bit rate limitations

  8. Model checking LTL over controllable linear systems is decidable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Model checking LTL over controllable linear systems is decidable Paulo Tabuada and George J. Pappas Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 19104 {tabuadap,pappasg}@seas.upenn.edu Abstract. The use of algorithmic verification and synthesis tools for hy- brid systems is currently limited

  9. POLE PLACEMENT BY STATIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK FOR GENERIC LINEAR SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eremenko, Alexandre

    POLE PLACEMENT BY STATIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK FOR GENERIC LINEAR SYSTEMS A. EREMENKO AND A. GABRIELOV of such systems, where the real pole placement map is not surjective. It follows that for each system in U, there exists an open set of pole configurations, symmetric with respect to the real line, which cannot

  10. POLE PLACEMENT BY STATIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK FOR GENERIC LINEAR SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eremenko, Alexandre

    POLE PLACEMENT BY STATIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK FOR GENERIC LINEAR SYSTEMS A. EREMENKO # AND A. GABRIELOV of such systems, where the real pole placement map is not surjective. It follows that for each system in U , there exists an open set of pole configurations, symmetric with respect to the real line, which cannot

  11. Higher-degree linear approximations of nonlinear systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karahan, S.

    1989-01-01

    In this dissertation, the author develops a new method for obtaining higher degree linear approximations of nonlinear control systems. The standard approach in the analysis and synthesis of nonlinear systems is a first order approximation by a linear model. This is usually performed by obtaining a series expansion of the system at some nominal operating point and retaining only the first degree terms in the series. The accuracy of this approximation depends on how far the system moves away from the normal point, and on the relative magnitudes of the higher degree terms in the series expansion. The approximation is achieved by finding an appropriate nonlinear coordinate transformation-feedback pair to perform the higher degree linearization. With the proposed method, one can improve the accuracy of the approximation up to arbitrarily higher degrees, provided certain solvability conditions are satisfied. The Hunt-Su linearizability theorem makes these conditions precise. This approach is similar to Poincare's Normal Form Theorem in formulation, but different in its solution method. After some mathematical background the author derives a set of equations (called the Homological Equations). A solution to this system of linear equations is equivalent to the solution to the problem of approximate linearization. However, it is generally not possible to solve the system of equations exactly. He outlines a method for systematically finding approximate solutions to these equations using singular value decomposition, while minimizing an error with respect to some defined norm.

  12. Alternative linear structures for classical and quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Ercolessi; A. Ibort; G. Marmo; G. Morandi

    2007-06-12

    The possibility of deforming the (associative or Lie) product to obtain alternative descriptions for a given classical or quantum system has been considered in many papers. Here we discuss the possibility of obtaining some novel alternative descriptions by changing the linear structure instead. In particular we show how it is possible to construct alternative linear structures on the tangent bundle TQ of some classical configuration space Q that can be considered as "adapted" to the given dynamical system. This fact opens the possibility to use the Weyl scheme to quantize the system in different non equivalent ways, "evading", so to speak, the von Neumann uniqueness theorem.

  13. Energy and linear and angular momenta in simple electromagnetic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansuripur, Masud

    2015-01-01

    We present examples of simple electromagnetic systems in which energy, linear momentum, and angular momentum exhibit interesting behavior. The systems are sufficiently simple to allow exact solutions of Maxwell's equations in conjunction with the electrodynamic laws of force, torque, energy, and momentum. In all the cases examined, conservation of energy and momentum is confirmed.

  14. System for particle concentration and detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morales, Alfredo M.; Whaley, Josh A.; Zimmerman, Mark D.; Renzi, Ronald F.; Tran, Huu M.; Maurer, Scott M.; Munslow, William D.

    2013-03-19

    A new microfluidic system comprising an automated prototype insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) triggering microfluidic device for pathogen monitoring that can eventually be run outside the laboratory in a real world environment has been used to demonstrate the feasibility of automated trapping and detection of particles. The system broadly comprised an aerosol collector for collecting air-borne particles, an iDEP chip within which to temporarily trap the collected particles and a laser and fluorescence detector with which to induce a fluorescence signal and detect a change in that signal as particles are trapped within the iDEP chip.

  15. Complex geometric optics for symmetric hyperbolic systems I: linear theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar Maj

    2008-02-12

    We obtain an asymptotic solution for $\\ep \\to 0$ of the Cauchy problem for linear first-order symmetric hyperbolic systems with oscillatory initial values written in the eikonal form of geometric optics with frequency $1/\\ep$, but with complex phases. For the most common linear wave propagation models, this kind on Cauchy problems are well-known in the applied literature and their asymptotic theory, referred to as complex geometric optics, is attracting interest for applications. In this work, which is the first of a series of papers dedicated to complex geometric optics for nonlinear symmetric hyperbolic systems, we develop a rigorous linear theory and set the basis for the subsequent nonlinear analysis.

  16. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    [24], partial evaluation [1, 48], refining methods for proving the termination of rewriting [8, 9Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University.g., it forms the basis of functional logic languages). Surprisingly, the termination of narrowing has been

  17. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    ], model checking [17], partial evaluation [1, 32], refining methods for proving the terminationTermination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University in different contexts, ranging from the- orem proving to language design. Surprisingly, the termination of nar

  18. Garbage Collection Based on a Linear Type System Atsushi Igarashi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science Graduate School of Arts and Sciences University of Tokyo igarashi@graco.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp Naoki and Linear Type Systems Automatic memory management, one of the important features of modern high expressions are given type Int under the assumption that x is given type Int, written as follows: x: Int ` x

  19. Performance model assessment for multi-junction concentrating photovoltaic systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riley, Daniel M.; McConnell, Robert.; Sahm, Aaron; Crawford, Clark; King, David L.; Cameron, Christopher P.; Foresi, James S.

    2010-03-01

    Four approaches to modeling multi-junction concentrating photovoltaic system performance are assessed by comparing modeled performance to measured performance. Measured weather, irradiance, and system performance data were collected on two systems over a one month period. Residual analysis is used to assess the models and to identify opportunities for model improvement.

  20. POLE EXPANSION FOR SOLVING A TYPE OF PARAMETRIZED LINEAR SYSTEMS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying, Lexing

    POLE EXPANSION FOR SOLVING A TYPE OF PARAMETRIZED LINEAR SYSTEMS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, parametrized linear systems, electronic structure calculation AMS subject classifications. 65F30,65D30,65Z05 1 linear systems. Under certain assumptions on the parametrization, solutions to the linear systems for all

  1. Energy absorption by "sparse" systems: beyond linear response theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doron Cohen

    2013-01-21

    The analysis of the response to driving in the case of weakly chaotic or weakly interacting systems should go beyond linear response theory. Due to the "sparsity" of the perturbation matrix, a resistor network picture of transitions between energy levels is essential. The Kubo formula is modified, replacing the "algebraic" average over the squared matrix elements by a "resistor network" average. Consequently the response becomes semi-linear rather than linear. Some novel results have been obtained in the context of two prototype problems: the heating rate of particles in Billiards with vibrating walls; and the Ohmic Joule conductance of mesoscopic rings driven by electromotive force. Respectively, the obtained results are contrasted with the "Wall formula" and the "Drude formula".

  2. Multi-stage linear slot virtual impactor for concentration of bioaerosols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conerly, Shawn Charles

    2006-08-16

    and have a theoretical concentration factor of 100X. The arrangements were tested at flow rates that ranged from 10 L/min to 1000 L/min, where the collection efficiency of the minor flow was determined. An unknown acoustical phenomenon was present during...

  3. Coherent versus measurement feedback: Linear systems theory for quantum information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naoki Yamamoto

    2014-10-10

    To control a quantum system via feedback, we generally have two options in choosing control scheme. One is the coherent feedback, which feeds the output field of the system, through a fully quantum device, back to manipulate the system without involving any measurement process. The other one is the measurement-based feedback, which measures the output field and performs a real-time manipulation on the system based on the measurement results. Both schemes have advantages/disadvantages, depending on the system and the control goal, hence their comparison in several situation is important. This paper considers a general open linear quantum system with the following specific control goals; back-action evasion (BAE), generation of a quantum non-demolished (QND) variable, and generation of a decoherence-free subsystem (DFS), all of which have important roles in quantum information science. Then some no-go theorems are proven, clarifying that those goals cannot be achieved by any measurement-based feedback control. On the other hand it is shown that, for each control goal, there exists a coherent feedback controller accomplishing the task. The key idea to obtain all the results is system theoretic characterizations of BAE, QND, and DFS in terms of controllability and observability properties or transfer functions of linear systems, which are consistent with their standard definitions.

  4. A decoupled system of hyperbolic equations for linearized cosmological perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ramirez; S. Kopeikin

    2002-02-01

    A decoupled system of hyperbolic partial differential equations for linear perturbations around any spatially flat FRW universe is obtained for a wide class of perturbations. The considered perturbing energy momentum-tensors can be expressed as the sum of the perturbation of a minimally coupled scalar field plus an arbitrary (weak) energy-momentum tensor which is covariantly conserved with respect to the background. The key ingredient in obtaining the decoupling of the equations is the introduction of a new covariant gauge which plays a similar role as harmonic gauge does for perturbations around Minkowski space-time. The case of universes satysfying a linear equation of state is discussed in particular, and closed analytic expressions for the retarded Green's functions solving the de Sitter, dust and radiation dominated cases are given.

  5. Low Concentration Photovoltaic Systems (LCPV), where solar irradiance is concentrated by a factor of 1-10, present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    1 Abstract-- Low Concentration Photovoltaic Systems (LCPV), where solar irradiance is concentrated--concentrating photovoltaic, solar radiation durability, lifetime and degradation science, reliability. NOMENCLATURE LCPV: low modern society. As a direct method for harnessing the sun's energy, photovoltaic systems have a large

  6. One-electron linear systems in a strong magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Lopez V.; A. Turbiner

    2000-01-19

    Using a variational method we study a sequence of the one-electron atomic and molecular-type systems H, H_2^+, H_3^(2+) and H_4^(3+) in the presence of a homogeneous magnetic field ranging B = 0 - 4.414x10^{13} G. These systems are taken as a linear configuration aligned with the magnetic lines. For H_3^(2+) the potential energy surface has a minimum for B\\sim 10^{11} G which deepens with growth of the magnetic field strength (JETP Lett. 69, 844 (1999)); for B \\gtrsim 10^{12} G the minimum of the potential energy surface becomes sufficiently deep to have longitudinal vibrational state. We demonstrate that for the (ppppe) system the potential energy surface at B \\gtrsim 4.414x10^{13} G develops a minimum, indicating the possible existence of exotic molecular ion H_4^(3+). We find that for almost all accessible magnetic fields H_2^+ is the most bound one-electron linear system while for magnetic fields B \\gtrsim 10^{13} G the molecular ion H_3^(2+) becomes the most bound.

  7. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power Systemfor Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Powerof solar combined heat and power systems . . . . . . .

  8. A RECIPE FOR LINEAR COLLIDER FINAL FOCUS SYSTEM DESIGN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seryi, Andrei

    2003-05-27

    The design of Final Focus systems for linear colliders is challenging because of the large demagnifications needed to produce nanometer-sized beams at the interaction point. Simple first- and second-order matrix matching have proven insufficient for this task, and minimization of third- and higher-order aberrations is essential. An appropriate strategy is required for the latter to be successful. A recipe for Final Focus design, and a set of computational tools used to implement this approach, are described herein. An example of the use of this procedure is given.

  9. The thermodynamic dual structure of linear-dissipative driven systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Smith

    2005-05-02

    The spontaneous emergence of dynamical order, such as persistent currents, is sometimes argued to require principles beyond the entropy maximization of the second law of thermodynamics. I show that, for linear dissipation in the Onsager regime, current formation can be driven by exactly the Jaynesian principle of entropy maximization, suitably formulated for extended systems and nonequilibrium boundary conditions. The Legendre dual structure of equilibrium thermodynamics is also preserved, though it requires the admission of current-valued state variables, and their correct incorporation in the entropy.

  10. Exploiting the Eigenstructure of Linear Systems to speed up Reachability Computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fanchon, Eric

    Exploiting the Eigenstructure of Linear Systems to speed up Reachability Computations Alexandre computations of linear systems. Furthemore, it can be applied to improve the time-efficiency of the dynamic. In this paper, we propose a method exploiting the eigenstructure of a linear continuous system to efficiently

  11. An algorithm to solve any tropical linear system $A\\odot x=B\\odot x$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo, E

    2010-01-01

    An algorithm to solve any tropical linear system $A\\odot x=B\\odot x$ is presented. The given system is converted into two classical linear systems: a system of equations and a system of inequalities, each item (equation or inequality) involving exactly two variables, one with coefficient $1$, and another with coefficient $-1$. The two classical linear systems are solved, essentially, by triangulation and backward substitution.

  12. Preconditioning and iterative solution of symmetric indefinite linear systems arising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuan, Toh Kim

    point methods for linear programming Joo-Siong Chai and Kim-Chuan Toh Abstract We propose to compute

  13. Resource analysis of the quantum linear system algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artur Scherer; Benoît Valiron; Siun-Chuon Mau; Scott Alexander; Eric van den Berg; Thomas E. Chapuran

    2015-05-25

    We provide a detailed estimate for the logical resource requirements of the quantum linear system algorithm (QLSA) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 150502 (2009)] including the recently described generalization [Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 250504 (2013)]. Our resource estimates are based on the standard quantum-circuit model of quantum computation; they comprise circuit width, circuit depth, the number of qubits and ancilla qubits employed, and the overall number of elementary quantum gate operations as well as more specific gate counts for each elementary fault-tolerant gate from the standard set {X, Y, Z, H, S, T, CNOT}. To perform these estimates, we used an approach that combines manual analysis with automated estimates generated via the Quipper quantum programming language and compiler. Our estimates pertain to the example problem size N=332,020,680 beyond which, according to a crude big-O complexity comparison, QLSA is expected to run faster than the best known classical linear-system solving algorithm. For this problem size, a desired calculation accuracy 0.01 requires an approximate circuit width 340 and circuit depth of order $10^{25}$ if oracle costs are excluded, and a circuit width and depth of order $10^8$ and $10^{29}$, respectively, if oracle costs are included, indicating that the commonly ignored oracle resources are considerable. In addition to providing detailed logical resource estimates, it is also the purpose of this paper to demonstrate explicitly how these impressively large numbers arise with an actual circuit implementation of a quantum algorithm. While our estimates may prove to be conservative as more efficient advanced quantum-computation techniques are developed, they nevertheless provide a valid baseline for research targeting a reduction of the resource requirements, implying that a reduction by many orders of magnitude is necessary for the algorithm to become practical.

  14. On Piecewise Quadratic Control-Lyapunov Functions for Switched Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abate, Alessandro

    On Piecewise Quadratic Control-Lyapunov Functions for Switched Linear Systems Wei Zhang, Alessandro-quadratic Lyapunov functions and piecewise-linear continuous-control laws for convenience or heuristic reasons of the converse Lyapunov function theorems for switched linear systems. In [13], [14], it is proved

  15. Formulae of Partial Reduction for Linear Systems of First Order Operator Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branko Malesevic; Dragana Todoric; Ivana Jovovic; Sonja Telebakovic

    2010-04-21

    This paper deals with reduction of non-homogeneous linear systems of first order operator equations with constant coefficients. An equivalent reduced system, consisting of higher order linear operator equations having only one variable and first order linear operator equations in two variables, is obtained by using the rational canonical form.

  16. Homogeneous piecewise polynomial Lyapunov function for robust stability of uncertain piecewise linear system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BenAbdallah, Abdallah [Institut superieur d'informatique et multimedia de Sfax BP 242-3021 (Tunisia); Hammami, Mohamed Ali [Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, BP 802-3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Kallel, Jalel [Institut preparatoire aux etudes d'ingenieurs de Sfax BP 1172-3018 (Tunisia)

    2009-03-05

    In this paper we present some sufficient conditions for the robust stability and stabilization of time invariant uncertain piecewise linear system using homogenous piecewise polynomial Lyapunov function. The proposed conditions are given in terms of linear matrix inequalities which can be numerically solved. An application of the obtained result is given. It consists in resolving the stabilization of piecewise uncertain linear control systems by using a state piecewise linear feedback.

  17. Durability of Polymeric Encapsulation Materials for Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D. C.; Muller, M.; Kempe, M. D.; Araki, K.; Kennedy, C. E.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2012-03-01

    Many concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems use a polymeric encapsulant to couple and optical component and/or coverglass to the cell. In that location, the encapsulation improves the transmission of concentrated optical flux through interface(s), while protecting the cell from the environment. The durability of encapsulation materials, however, is not well established relative to the desired service life of 30 years. Therefore, we have initiated a screen test to identify the field-induced failure modes for a variety of popular PV encapsulation materials. An existing CPV module (with no PV cells present) was modified to accommodate encapsulation specimens. The module (where nominal concentration of solar flux is 500x for the domed-Fresnel design) has been mounted on a tracker in Golden, CO (elevation 1.79 km). Initial results are reported here for 18 months cumulative exposure, including the hottest and coldest months of the past year. Characteristics observed at intervals during that time include: visual appearance, direct and hemispherical transmittance, and mass. Degradation may be assessed from subsequent analysis (including yellowness index and cut-on frequency) relative to the ambient conditions present during field exposure. The fluorescence signature observed of all the silicone specimens is examined here, including possible factors of causation -- the platinum catalyst used in the addition cured materials as well as the primer used to promote adhesion to the quartz substrate and superstrate.

  18. Domain walls and vortices in linearly coupled systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dror, Nir; Zeng, Jianhua

    2011-01-01

    We investigate 1D and 2D radial domain-wall (DW) states in the system of two nonlinear-Schr\\"{o}dinger/Gross-Pitaevskii equations, which are coupled by the linear mixing and by the nonlinear XPM (cross-phase-modulation). The system has straightforward applications to two-component Bose-Einstein condensates, and to the bimodal light propagation in nonlinear optics. In the former case, the two components represent different hyperfine atomic states, while in the latter setting they correspond to orthogonal polarizations of light. Conditions guaranteeing the stability of flat continuous wave (CW) asymmetric bimodal states are established, followed by the study of families of the corresponding DW patterns. Approximate analytical solutions for the DWs are found near the point of the symmetry-breaking bifurcation of the CW states. An exact DW solution is produced for ratio 3:1 of the XPM and SPM coefficients. The DWs between flat asymmetric states, which are mirror images to each other, are completely stable, and al...

  19. Point-focus spectral splitting solar concentrator for multiple cells concentrating photovoltaic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maragliano, Carlo; Stefancich, Marco

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we present and experimentally validate a low-cost design of a spectral splitting concentrator for the efficient conversion of solar energy. The optical device consists of a dispersive prismatic lens made of polycarbonate designed to simultaneously concentrate the solar light and split it into its spectral components. With respect to our previous implementation, this device concentrates the light along two axes and generates a light pattern compatible with the dimensions of a set of concentrating photovoltaic cells while providing a higher concentration ratio. The mathematical framework and the constructive approach used for the design are presented and the device performance is simulated using ray-tracing software. We obtain spectral separation in the visible range within a 3x1 cm2 area and a maximum concentration of 210x for a single wavelength. The device is fabricated by injection molding and its performance is experimentally investigated. We measure an optical transmissivity above 90% in the...

  20. Lighting system combining daylight concentrators and an artificial source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bornstein, Jonathan G. (Miami, FL); Friedman, Peter S. (Toledo, OH)

    1985-01-01

    A combined lighting system for a building interior includes a stack of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC), an optical conduit made of preferably optical fibers for transmitting daylight from the LSC stack, a collimating lens set at an angle, a fixture for receiving the daylight at one end and for distributing the daylight as illumination inside the building, an artificial light source at the other end of the fixture for directing artifical light into the fixture for distribution as illumination inside the building, an automatic dimmer/brightener for the artificial light source, and a daylight sensor positioned near to the LSC stack for controlling the automatic dimmer/brightener in response to the daylight sensed. The system also has a reflector positioned behind the artificial light source and a fan for exhausting heated air out of the fixture during summer and for forcing heated air into the fixture for passage into the building interior during winter.

  1. Commercial Application of a Photovoltaic Concentrator system. Phase I. Final report, 1 June 1978-28 February 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D.J.; Anderson, E.R.; Bardwell, K.M.

    1980-04-01

    This report documents the design and analysis of the BDM CAPVC (Commercial Application of a Photovoltaic Concentrator) system. The preliminary design, prototype test and evaluation, system analysis, and final design of a large-scale concentrating photovoltaic system are described. The application is on an attractive new office building which represents a large potential market. The photovoltaic concentrating array is a roof-mounted, single-axis linear parabolic trough, using single crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. A total of 6720 square feet of aperture is focussed on 13,944 PV cells. The photovoltaic system operates in parallel with the local utility in an augmentary loadsharing operating mode. The array is actively cooled and the thermal energy utilized for building heat during winter months. (WHK)

  2. Optical response functions for condensed systems with linear and quadratic electronvibration coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Optical response functions for condensed systems with linear and quadratic electron requires, in part, linear response 2-point correlation functions, J(t;T). An approximate excited state that is acceptable for mode frequency changes smaller than 30%. The associated linear response function for the case

  3. Amplitude Linearizers for PEP-II 1.2 MW Klystrons and LLRF Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Winkle, D.; Browne, J.; Fox, J.D.; Mastorides, T.; Rivetta, C.; Teytelman, D.; /SLAC

    2006-07-18

    The PEP-II B-factory has aggressive current increases planned for luminosity through 2008. At 2.2A (HER) on 4A (LER) currents, we estimate that longitudinal growth rates will be comparable to the damping rates currently achieved in the existing low level RF and longitudinal feedback systems. Prior to having a good non-linear time domain model [1] it was postulated that klystron small signal gain non-linearity may be contributing to measured longitudinal growth rates being higher than linearly predicted growth rates. Five prototype klystron amplitude modulation linearizers have been developed to explore improved linearity in the LLRF system. The linearizers operate at 476 MHz with 15 dB dynamic range and 1 MHz linear control bandwidth. Results from lab measurements and high current beam tests are presented. Future development plans, conclusions from beam testing and ideas for future use of this linearization technique are presented.

  4. Identifying parameters of nonlinear structural dynamic systems using linear time-periodic approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Matthew S.

    Identifying parameters of nonlinear structural dynamic systems using linear time- periodic nonlinearity. 1. Introduction Most dynamical systems behave nonlinearly in the most general scenario. This can point bifurcation [1], in rotor dynamic systems with bearing contact nonlinearities [2], in biomechanics

  5. Mixtures of Predictive Linear Gaussian Models for Nonlinear Stochastic Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baveja, Satinder Singh

    Mixtures of Predictive Linear Gaussian Models for Nonlinear Stochastic Dynamical Systems David dynamical systems. The primary contribution of this work is to extend the PLG to nonlinear, stochastic- proves upon traditional linear dynamical system mod- els by using a predictive representation of state

  6. A linear theory for control of non-linear stochastic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. J. Kappen

    2005-10-05

    We address the role of noise and the issue of efficient computation in stochastic optimal control problems. We consider a class of non-linear control problems that can be formulated as a path integral and where the noise plays the role of temperature. The path integral displays symmetry breaking and there exist a critical noise value that separates regimes where optimal control yields qualitatively different solutions. The path integral can be computed efficiently by Monte Carlo integration or by Laplace approximation, and can therefore be used to solve high dimensional stochastic control problems.

  7. Strang-type Preconditioners for Solving Linear Systems from Neutral Delay Differential Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Zheng-Jian

    -circulant preconditioner is proposed to solve these linear systems. We show that if an Ak1,k2 -stable BVM is used. Keywords: NDDE, BVM, block-circulant preconditioner, GMRES method AMS subject classifications: 65F10, 65N22), see [3]. By applying a BVM, the discrete solution of (1) is given by the solution of a linear system

  8. Switching Stabilization and l2 Gain Performance Controller Synthesis for Discrete-Time Switched Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Switching Stabilization and l2 Gain Performance Controller Synthesis for Discrete-Time Switched Linear Systems Hai Lin and Panos J. Antsaklis Abstract-- In this paper, the switching controller synthesis problem for a class of discrete-time switched linear systems is considered. In particular, a state

  9. A LYAPUNOV FUNCTION FOR SYSTEMS WHOSE LINEAR PART IS ALMOST CLASSICALLY DAMPED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Steven J.

    A LYAPUNOV FUNCTION FOR SYSTEMS WHOSE LINEAR PART IS ALMOST CLASSICALLY DAMPED Steven J. Coxy) Spain Abstract: We show that one may construct a Lyapunov function for any classically damped linear system. The explicit nature of the construction permits us to show that it remains a Lyapunov function

  10. Environmental Assessment and Metrics for Solar: Case Study of SolFocus Solar Concentrator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Assumptions Assembly in India Energy Breakdown t to on3. Energy Breakdown for SolFocus Concentrator System. India

  11. Chaos synchronization of the master-slave generalized Lorenz systems via linear state error feedback control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiaofeng Wu; Guanrong Chen; Jianping Cai

    2008-07-14

    This paper provides a unified method for analyzing chaos synchronization of the generalized Lorenz systems. The considered synchronization scheme consists of identical master and slave generalized Lorenz systems coupled by linear state error variables. A sufficient synchronization criterion for a general linear state error feedback controller is rigorously proven by means of linearization and Lyapunov's direct methods. When a simple linear controller is used in the scheme, some easily implemented algebraic synchronization conditions are derived based on the upper and lower bounds of the master chaotic system. These criteria are further optimized to improve their sharpness. The optimized criteria are then applied to four typical generalized Lorenz systems, i.e. the classical Lorenz system, the Chen system, the Lv system and a unified chaotic system, obtaining precise corresponding synchronization conditions. The advantages of the new criteria are revealed by analytically and numerically comparing their sharpness with that of the known criteria existing in the literature.

  12. Magneto-optical granulometry: on the determination of the statistics of magnetically induced particle chains in concentrated ferrofluids from linear dichroism experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Socoliuc; L. B. Popescu

    2014-10-09

    An analytical theoretical model for the influence of the magnetically induced nanoparticle chaining on the linear dichroism in ferrofluids was developed. The model is based on a statistical theory for magnetic nanoparticle chaining in ferrofluids. Together with appropriate experimental approach and data processing strategy, the model grounds a magneto-optical granulometry method able to determine the magnetic field dependence of the statistics of magnetically induced particle chains in concentrated ferrofluids.

  13. arXiv:quant-ph/0104054v58Jun2004 Entanglement Concentration of Individual Photon Pairs via Linear Optical Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Optical Logic Chuanwei Zhang Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Dynamics, The University polarization-entangled state of individual photon pairs. The scheme uses only simple linear optical elements and may be feasible within current optical technology. PACS numbers: 03.67.-a, 03.65.Bz, 42.50.-p, 89.70+c

  14. A posteriori error analysis of parameterized linear systems using spectral

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563 LLNL(Technicalentanglements for linearAof MMP-9 andmethods.

  15. Construction of Lyapunov functions for nonlinear planar systems by linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr

    Construction of Lyapunov functions for nonlinear planar systems by linear programming Peter Giesl]. In [12], Johansen uses linear programming to parameterise Lyapunov functions for autonomous nonlinear by designing an algorithm to explicitly construct such a Lyapunov function. We do this by modifying

  16. Optimal Controllers for Hybrid Systems: Stability and Piecewise Linear Explicit Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    of the heat exchange system [16] shows the potential of the method. Keywords: Hybrid systems, model predictiveOptimal Controllers for Hybrid Systems: Stability and Piecewise Linear Explicit Form A. Bemporad for hybrid sys- tems and investigate conditions for closed-loop stabil- ity. Hybrid systems are modeled

  17. ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommese, Andrew J.

    ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM MAURO C. BELTRAMETTI, SANDRA DI ROCCO, AND ANDREW J. SOMMESE Abstract to a number of natural notions of higher order embeddings of* * projective manifolds. This is of importance

  18. 13th International Conference on Magnetically Levitated Systems and Linear Drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    This report contains short papers on research being conducted throughout the world on magnetically levitated systems, mainly consisting of trains, and magnetic linear drives. These papers have been index separately elsewhere on the data base.

  19. Reachability and Controllability of Switched Linear Discrete-Time Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Ken

    the switching laws are design parameters to be chosen online by a supervisor [6, 14, 17]. Switched systems systems and power electronics [15, 10]. Control techniques based on switching between different are the states and inputs, : {0, 1, · · ·} M = {1, 2, · · · , m} is the switching path to be designed, matrix

  20. On Reachability and Stabilization of Switched Linear Systems Zhendong Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Ken

    interest in modelling, analysis and design of switched and hybrid systems (see [1, 4, 5, 9, 12 applications such as power systems and power electronics [10, 8]. Control techniques based on switching between, we are to design not only the appropriate control inputs but also the switching strategy in order

  1. A Study of the Generalized Input-to-State L2-Gain of Discrete-Time Switched Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jinglai

    of switched linear systems under average dwell time constraints were given in [8]. The design of switching is proposed to study the stability of autonomous switched linear systems. These functions are power seriesA Study of the Generalized Input-to-State L2-Gain of Discrete-Time Switched Linear Systems Vamsi

  2. Stabilization of Linear Dynamical Systems with Scalar Quantizers under Communication Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reissig, Gunther

    Stabilization of Linear Dynamical Systems with Scalar Quantizers under Communication Constraints for stabilizing the system at reduced data rates. I. INTRODUCTION Historically, communication and control have been an increasing demand on networks consisting of control and communication systems which are subject

  3. Approximate Hierarchies of Linear Control Systems Antoine Girard and George J. Pappas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Approximate Hierarchies of Linear Control Systems Antoine Girard and George J. Pappas Abstract introduced. The proposed hierarchical control architecture consists of a precise model (the concrete system) of the plant to be controlled and of a rough model (the abstract system) of the plant that is used for control

  4. Black oxide nanoparticles as durable solar absorbing material for high-temperature concentrating solar power system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Available online 8 January 2015 Keywords: Concentrating solar power Solar absorber Cobalt oxide Light trapping High temperature a b s t r a c t Concentrating solar power is becoming an increasingly important an increasingly urgent need for human society [1,2]. Concentrating solar power (CSP) systems (or solar thermal sys

  5. Durability of Polymeric Encapsulation Materials for Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D. C.; Kempe, M. D.; Araki, K.; Kennedy, C. E.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2011-02-01

    Polymeric encapsulation materials are typically used in concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) modules to protect the cell from the field environment. Because it is physically located adjacent to the cell, the encapsulation is exposed to a high optical flux, often including light in the ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) wavelengths. The durability of encapsulants used in CPV modules is critical to the technology, but is presently not well understood. This work seeks to identify the appropriate material types, field-induced failure mechanisms, and factors of influence (if possible) of polymeric encapsulation. These results will ultimately be weighed against those of future qualification and accelerated life test procedures.

  6. Site selection for concentrated solar thermal systems in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.

    1987-01-01

    This report identifies ares on the five major islands (Oahu, Maui, Molakai, Hawaii, and Kauai) that have the potential for concentrating solar thermal applications. The locations are based on existing solar insolation (mostly global and some direct normal) data, other meteorological information, land use, potential end-use, and existing facilities. These areas are: - Western coast of Oahu, especially near Kahe Point - Maui plains area - South-Central Molokai - Kona coast of the Big Island, especially Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii - Western and southern areas of Kauai. Monitoring stations are recommended at some of these sites to obtain direct normal insolation data for future evaluation.

  7. Solving systems of linear equations using a grid structural outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awwad, A.M.; Al-Ayyoub, A.; Ould-Khaoua, M.

    Awwad,A.M. Al-Ayyoub,A. Ould-Khaoua,M. Day,K. Proceedings 13th IASTED International Conference Parallel and Distributed Computing and Systems (PDCS 2001), Anaheim, California, August 21-24, 2001. pp 365-369 CSREA Press

  8. An efficient algorithm for damper optimization for linear vibrating systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truhar, Ninoslav

    of the bridge with the wind induced oscillatory forces. For the majority of engineering applications, resonance, used in [14], is given by requirement of the minimization of the total energy of the system, that is 0 E(t) dt = min (1.4) The advantage of this criterion are: (i) its obvious closeness to the total en

  9. SEQUENTIAL MONTE CARLO TECHNIQUES FOR THE SOLUTION OF LINEAR SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yaohang

    the solutions to mathematical problems (whether they have a probabilistic background or not), is very ancient reactors, radiation shielding, nuclear fission and fusion bombs; studies of percolation and diffusion in optimization, operations research, and systems analysis. The underlying mathematical concept is simple. We

  10. ENGINEERING 12 SPRING 2008 LINEAR PHYSICAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreshet, Tali

    inside a passive structure (a building made from straw bales and stucco, see pictures on the course webpage) be predicted by the outside temperature if the house is modeled by a first order systemTemp holds values for the internal temperature of the straw bale house over the same time period. If you type

  11. Linear systems solvers - recent developments and implications for lattice computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Frommer

    1996-08-14

    We review the numerical analysis' understanding of Krylov subspace methods for solving (non-hermitian) systems of equations and discuss its implications for lattice gauge theory computations using the example of the Wilson fermion matrix. Our thesis is that mature methods like QMR, BiCGStab or restarted GMRES are close to optimal for the Wilson fermion matrix. Consequently, preconditioning appears to be the crucial issue for further improvements.

  12. Amesos2 and Belos: Direct and Iterative Solvers for Large Sparse Linear Systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bavier, Eric; Hoemmen, Mark; Rajamanickam, Sivasankaran; Thornquist, Heidi

    2012-01-01

    Solvers for large sparse linear systems come in two categories: direct and iterative. Amesos2, a package in the Trilinos software project, provides direct methods, and Belos, another Trilinos package, provides iterative methods. Amesos2 offers a common interface to many different sparse matrix factorization codes, and can handle any implementation of sparse matrices and vectors, via an easy-to-extend C++ traits interface. It can also factor matrices whose entries have arbitrary “Scalar” type, enabling extended-precision and mixed-precision algorithms. Belos includes many different iterative methods for solving large sparse linear systems and least-squares problems. Unlike competing iterative solver libraries, Belos completely decouples themore »algorithms from the implementations of the underlying linear algebra objects. This lets Belos exploit the latest hardware without changes to the code. Belos favors algorithms that solve higher-level problems, such as multiple simultaneous linear systems and sequences of related linear systems, faster than standard algorithms. The package also supports extended-precision and mixed-precision algorithms. Together, Amesos2 and Belos form a complete suite of sparse linear solvers.« less

  13. System for concentrating and analyzing particles suspended in a fluid

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fiechtner, Gregory J. (Bethesda, MD); Cummings, Eric B. (Livermore, CA); Singh, Anup K. (Danville, CA)

    2011-04-26

    Disclosed is a device for separating and concentrating particles suspended in a fluid stream by using dielectrophoresis (DEP) to trap and/or deflect those particles as they migrate through a fluid channel. The method uses fluid channels designed to constrain a liquid flowing through it to uniform electrokinetic flow velocities. This behavior is achieved by connecting deep and shallow sections of channels, with the channel depth varying abruptly along an interface. By careful design of abrupt changes in specific permeability at the interface, an abrupt and spatially uniform change in electrokinetic force can be selected. Because these abrupt interfaces also cause a sharp gradient in applied electric fields, a DEP force also can be established along the interface. Depending on the complex conductivity of the suspended particles and the immersion liquid, the DEP force can controllably complement or oppose the local electrokinetic force transporting the fluid through the channel allowing for manipulation of particles suspended in the transporting liquid.

  14. Advancing State-of-the-Art Concentrating Solar Power Systems...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    uses supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) as its working fluid rather than molten salt or steam, on which today's state-of-the-art CSP systems rely. The Brayton Energy design...

  15. Improving reliability in the SLC (Stanford Linear Collider) control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heinen, N.; Spencer, N.; Tinsman, J.

    1989-10-01

    During the past year, considerable emphasis has been placed on improving the overall reliability of the SLC control system. The Errorlog Facility has proven a useful tool to diagnose hardware and software problems. By analyzing the various error messages and their correlations, one can usually determine the software component or hardware module causing faults. Daily summaries help to identify problems so that they can be remedied before they become catastrophic; thereby bringing about a considerable increase in performance. We discuss the various tools we use and our operational experience with them. 3 refs., 6 figs.

  16. Pole placement design for linear multivariable control systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keel, Leehyun

    1982-01-01

    . 8893 32. 6274 -48. 5512 -108. 257 6. 93611 36. 2073 -43. 4464. -45. 3662 -13. 3483 -60. 2753 27. 2660 -0. 75720 ? ZO. 6834 -Z5. 3096 5. 45564 -3. 32199 14. . 0371 Condition No. of X = 9249. 36803 Closed Loop System Poles -3. 50001-3. 49998jy -3.... 50001+3. 49998j -2. 00005-1. 99998j& -2. 00005+1. 99998j -2 49994-2. 49995js -2 49994+ 2 49995j -4 . 99940-0, 99980j, -4 . 99940+0 . 99980j -4. 50091 -4. 00025 B the new al orithm tt com anion form 0, -1146600 ? 2341990 -2286968 -1288684 -576460...

  17. Nonlinear Analysis of a Two DOF Piecewise Linear Aeroelastic System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elgohary, Tarek Adel Abdelsalam

    2011-10-21

    ? ?? ? ? ? ??? ?? ? ? ? (2.34) From (2.33) and (2.34) the following nondimensional parameters can be defined 17 1 3 2 4 y cg yy cg cg y c c m p p I kmk I s k m p p m I k ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (2.35) Table 7 in the Appendix has the numerical values... of these parameters and their dimensional check. Substituting (2.35) in (2.33) and (2.34) will yield the following form of the nondimensional system equations 2 1 2 ( ) 0l effy p y y p C? ??? ?? ? ? ? (2.36) 2 3 4 ( ) 0l effp p C? ? ? ? ??? ?? ? ? ? (2...

  18. Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1984-02-21

    A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible.

  19. Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, M.M.

    1984-02-21

    A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible. 2 figs.

  20. Cryogenic system for the MYRRHA superconducting linear accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chevalier, Nicolas R.; Junquera, Tomas; Thermeau, Jean-Pierre; Romão, Luis Medeiros; Vandeplassche, Dirk

    2014-01-29

    SCK?CEN, the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, is designing MYRRHA, a flexible fast spectrum research reactor (80 MW{sub th}), conceived as an accelerator driven system (ADS), able to operate in sub-critical and critical modes. It contains a continuous-wave (CW) superconducting (SC) proton accelerator of 600 MeV, a spallation target and a multiplying core with MOX fuel, cooled by liquid lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi). From 17 MeV onward, the SC accelerator will consist of 48 ?=0.36 spoke-loaded cavities (352 MHz), 34 ?=0.47 elliptical cavities (704 MHz) and 60 ?=0.65 elliptical cavities (704 MHz). We present an analysis of the thermal loads and of the optimal operating temperature of the cryogenic system. In particular, the low operating frequency of spoke cavities makes their operation in CW mode possible both at 4.2 K or at 2 K. Our analysis outlines the main factors that determine at what temperature the spoke cavities should be operated. We then present different cryogenic fluid distribution schemes, important characteristics (storage, transfer line, etc.) and the main challenges offered by MYRRHA in terms of cryogenics.

  1. Alternative to the Well-known Statistical Dynamics of Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. N. Tibabishev

    2013-01-22

    The problem of determining the mathematical model of the dynamics of multi-dimensional control systems in the presence of noise under the condition that the correlation functions cannot be found. Known statistical dynamics of linear systems is a more effective alternative. Background information is presented in the form of individual implementations nonergodic stochastic processes. Such a realization is deterministic functions. We introduce the concept of systems of sets of signals for the components on the semiring. For the system of sets of linearly dependent and linearly independent of the measured signals of a certain frequency properties. Frequency method is designed to deal with the noise on the set of deterministic functions. Example is the determination of the dynamic characteristics of the aircraft in accordance with the data obtained in one automatic landing.

  2. Concentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) -- A New Model for Estimating U.S. Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Potential: Preprint

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) - A New Model for

  3. Back to the Roots From Polynomial System Solving to Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Back to the Roots ­ From Polynomial System Solving to Linear Algebra Philippe Dreesen Bart De Moor systems of polynomial equations have been developed in the area of algebraic geometry. A large body in this research area require exact algebraic computations and suffer from numerical issues. We present a method

  4. Solar receiver heliostat reflector having a linear drive and position information system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horton, Richard H. (Schenectady, NY)

    1980-01-01

    A heliostat for a solar receiver system comprises an improved drive and control system for the heliostat reflector assembly. The heliostat reflector assembly is controllably driven in a predetermined way by a light-weight drive system so as to be angularly adjustable in both elevation and azimuth to track the sun and efficiently continuously reflect the sun's rays to a focal zone, i.e., heat receiver, which forms part of a solar energy utilization system, such as a solar energy fueled electrical power generation system. The improved drive system includes linear stepping motors which comprise low weight, low cost, electronic pulse driven components. One embodiment comprises linear stepping motors controlled by a programmed, electronic microprocessor. Another embodiment comprises a tape driven system controlled by a position control magnetic tape.

  5. Computing and deflating eigenvalues while solving multiple right hand side linear systems in Quantum Chromodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Stathopoulos; Kostas Orginos

    2008-06-12

    We present a new algorithm that computes eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a Hermitian positive definite matrix while solving a linear system of equations with Conjugate Gradient (CG). Traditionally, all the CG iteration vectors could be saved and recombined through the eigenvectors of the tridiagonal projection matrix, which is equivalent theoretically to unrestarted Lanczos. Our algorithm capitalizes on the iteration vectors produced by CG to update only a small window of vectors that approximate the eigenvectors. While this window is restarted in a locally optimal way, the CG algorithm for the linear system is unaffected. Yet, in all our experiments, this small window converges to the required eigenvectors at a rate identical to unrestarted Lanczos. After the solution of the linear system, eigenvectors that have not accurately converged can be improved in an incremental fashion by solving additional linear systems. In this case, eigenvectors identified in earlier systems can be used to deflate, and thus accelerate, the convergence of subsequent systems. We have used this algorithm with excellent results in lattice QCD applications, where hundreds of right hand sides may be needed. Specifically, about 70 eigenvectors are obtained to full accuracy after solving 24 right hand sides. Deflating these from the large number of subsequent right hand sides removes the dreaded critical slowdown, where the conditioning of the matrix increases as the quark mass reaches a critical value. Our experiments show almost a constant number of iterations for our method, regardless of quark mass, and speedups of 8 over original CG for light quark masses.

  6. Lyapunov Functions in Piecewise Linear Systems: From Fixed Point to Limit Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yian Ma; Ruoshi Yuan; Yang Li; Ping Ao; Bo Yuan

    2013-06-28

    This paper provides a first example of constructing Lyapunov functions in a class of piecewise linear systems with limit cycles. The method of construction helps analyze and control complex oscillating systems through novel geometric means. Special attention is stressed upon a problem not formerly solved: to impose consistent boundary conditions on the Lyapunov function in each linear region. By successfully solving the problem, the authors construct continuous Lyapunov functions in the whole state space. It is further demonstrated that the Lyapunov functions constructed explain for the different bifurcations leading to the emergence of limit cycle oscillation.

  7. Tuning the plasmon energy of Palladium-Hydrogen systems by varying the Hydrogen concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muiño, Ricardo Díez

    to their importance in many applications such as hydrogen storage [16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21]. The novel scheme [8Tuning the plasmon energy of Palladium-Hydrogen systems by varying the Hydrogen concentration V M of bulk PdHx. Hydrogen concentrations between x = 0 and x = 1 are considered. The calculated spectra

  8. STABLE REDUCTION TO KKT SYSTEMS IN BARRIER METHODS FOR LINEAR AND QUADRATIC PROGRAMMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    -dual barrier methods for linear and quadratic programming. Following Freund and Jarre, we explore methods, y, z. Most authors eliminate z and/or x without further ado. Freund and Jarre [FJ95] first showed scaling into a KKT system involving a symmetric matrix K. We generalize Freund and Jarre's approach

  9. Machine LearningMachine Learning SrihariSrihari Linear Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machine LearningMachine Learning SrihariSrihari Linear Dynamical Systems Sargur N. Srihari srihari@cedar.buffalo.edu Machine Learning Course: http://www.cedar.buffalo.edu/~srihari/CSE574/index.html #12;Machine LearningMachine;Machine LearningMachine Learning SrihariSrihari Motivation · Simple problem in practical settings

  10. Minimax design of vibration absorbers for linear damped systems Brandon Brown, Tarunraj Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    Minimax design of vibration absorbers for linear damped systems Brandon Brown, Tarunraj Singh à Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY addresses the issue of design of a passive vibration absorber in the presence of uncertainties

  11. ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommese, Andrew J.

    ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM MAURO C order embeddings of projective manifolds. This is of importance in the understanding of higher order embeddings of the special varieties of ad- junction theory, which are usually bered by special Fano manifolds

  12. ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommese, Andrew J.

    ON HIGHER ORDER EMBEDDINGS OF FANO THREEFOLDS BY THE ANTICANONICAL LINEAR SYSTEM MAURO C order embeddings of projective manifolds. This is of importance in the understanding of higher order embeddings of the special varieties of ad­ junction theory, which are usually fibered by special Fano

  13. Harnessing the Cloud for Securely Outsourcing Large-scale Systems of Linear Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jia

    1 Harnessing the Cloud for Securely Outsourcing Large-scale Systems of Linear Equations Cong Wang and cloud are not necessarily in the same trusted domain brings many security concerns and chal- lenges the quality of the computed results. Thus, we argue that the cloud is intrinsically not secure from

  14. Linear Response Calculations of Lattice Dynamics in Strongly Correlated Systems S.Y. Savrasov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savrasov, Sergej Y.

    electronic structure calculations has already led to new insights in long-standing prob- lemsLinear Response Calculations of Lattice Dynamics in Strongly Correlated Systems S.Y. Savrasov electrons and the local density functional theory of electronic structure. We apply the method to study

  15. COMPUTING AND DEFLATING EIGENVALUES WHILE SOLVING MULTIPLE RIGHT HAND SIDE LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stathopoulos, Andreas

    COMPUTING AND DEFLATING EIGENVALUES WHILE SOLVING MULTIPLE RIGHT HAND SIDE LINEAR SYSTEMS a new algorithm that computes eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a Her- mitian positive definite matrix applications, where hundreds of right hand sides may be needed. Specifically, about 70 eigenvectors

  16. mn header will be provided by the publisher Linear Passive Stationary Scattering Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rovnyak, James

    mn header will be provided by the publisher Linear Passive Stationary Scattering Systems 26, Odessa 65020, Ukraine 2 Department of Mathematics, University of Virginia, P. O. Box 400137@farlep.net Corresponding author: e-mail: rovnyak@Virginia.edu e-mail: sergey saprikin@ukr.net Copyright line

  17. Fast Jacobi-type Algorithm for Computing Distances Between Linear Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, René

    Fast Jacobi-type Algorithm for Computing Distances Between Linear Dynamical Systems Nicolas D Jacobi-type algorithm that solves this problem. Each step of the algorithm is equivalent to finding, in this paper, we introduce a fast and accurate Jacobi-type algorithm for computing alignment distances. Our

  18. A REVIEW OF LINEAR RESPONSE THEORY FOR GENERAL DIFFERENTIABLE DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #erentiable dynamical system, identify nonequilib­ rium steady states (NESS), and study how these vary under the ''attractor'' corresponding to the NESS). If the chaotic hypothesis does not hold, two new phenomena may arise. The first is a violation of linear response in the sense that the NESS does not depend di

  19. A Converse Lyapunov Theorem for Uncertain Switched Linear Systems Hai Lin and Panos J. Antsaklis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    A Converse Lyapunov Theorem for Uncertain Switched Linear Systems Hai Lin and Panos J. Antsaklis Abstract-- The main contribution of this paper is a converse Lyapunov theorem derived for a class switching laws implies the existence of a polyhedral Lyapunov function along with conic partition based

  20. Power Optimization in Programmable Processors and ASIC Implementations of Linear Systems: Transformation-based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    design techniques are used. The average power consumption of a CMOS gate due to the switching component of throughput with increasingly important design metric - power. In particular, we seek to find the extentPower Optimization in Programmable Processors and ASIC Implementations of Linear Systems

  1. The number of genotypic assignments on a genealogy II. Further results for linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The number of genotypic assignments on a genealogy II. Further results for linear systems N. J known phenotypes could be calculated for an arbitrary genealogy. Here, we present further results for several regular genealogies constructed according to some specified recursive formulae and for which

  2. Systems analysis of the CO[subscript 2] concentrating mechanism in cyanobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangan, Niall Mari

    Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic bacteria with a unique CO2 concentrating mechanism (CCM), enhancing carbon fixation. Understanding the CCM requires a systems level perspective of how molecular components work together to ...

  3. Environmental Assessment and Metrics for Solar: Case Study of SolFocus Solar Concentrator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Greenhouse gas analysis of solar-thermal electricity gen-CdTe Concentrator PV Solar Thermal Wind Coal CC Gas Turbinefor the assessment of thermal solar systems,” Proceedings of

  4. Webinar: Potential Strategies for Integrating Solar Hydrogen Production and Concentrating Solar Power: A Systems Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "Potential Strategies for Integrating Solar Hydrogen Production and Concentrating Solar Power: A Systems Analysis" on Thursday, January 21, from 12 to 1 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST).

  5. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    to be more suited to solar thermal energy sources. Airunit of solar thermal and solar electric energy from a DCS-concentrating solar systems is indeed thermal energy. There

  6. Synthesis of Switching Rules for Ensuring Reachability Properties of Sampled Linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fribourg, Laurent; Soulat, Romain; 10.4204/EPTCS.73.6

    2011-01-01

    We consider here systems with piecewise linear dynamics that are periodically sampled with a given period {\\tau} . At each sampling time, the mode of the system, i.e., the parameters of the linear dynamics, can be switched, according to a switching rule. Such systems can be modelled as a special form of hybrid automata, called "switched systems", that are automata with an infinite real state space. The problem is to find a switching rule that guarantees the system to still be in a given area V at the next sampling time, and so on indefinitely. In this paper, we will consider two approaches: the indirect one that abstracts the system under the form of a finite discrete event system, and the direct one that works on the continuous state space. Our methods rely on previous works, but we specialize them to a simplified context (linearity, periodic switching instants, absence of control input), which is motivated by the features of a focused case study: a DC-DC boost converter built by electronics laboratory SATIE...

  7. A 40KW ROOF MOUNTED PV THERMAL CONCENTRATOR SYSTEM J.F.H. Smeltink1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    thermal (PV-T) concentrator system. This system is based on its Combined Heat and Power Solar (CHAPS called Combined Heat and Power Solar (CHAPS) Systems. During 2002 the Australian Greenhouse Office made of 37x. Heat is removed from the solar cells using a fluid, which flows through a passage in the cell

  8. Optimal steering of a linear stochastic system to a final probability distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yongxin Chen; Tryphon Georgiou; Michele Pavon

    2014-08-10

    We consider the problem to steer a linear dynamical system with full state observation from an initial gaussian distribution in state-space to a final one with minimum energy control. The system is stochastically driven through the control channels; an example for such a system is that of an inertial particle experiencing random "white noise" forcing. We show that a target probability distribution can always be achieved in finite time. The optimal control is given in state-feedback form and is computed explicitely by solving a pair of differential Lyapunov equations that are coupled through their boundary values. This result, given its attractive algorithmic nature, appears to have several potential applications such as to active control of nanomechanical systems and molecular cooling. The problem to steer a diffusion process between end-point marginals has a long history (Schr\\"odinger bridges) and therefore, the present case of steering a linear stochastic system constitutes a Schr\\"odinger bridge for possibly degenerate diffusions. Our results, however, provide the first implementable form of the optimal control for a general Gauss-Markov process. Illustrative examples of the optimal evolution and control for inertial particles and a stochastic oscillator are provided. A final result establishes directly the property of Schr\\"{o}dinger bridges as the most likely random evolution between given marginals to the present context of linear stochastic systems.

  9. Research and Development for Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems (TES) for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faghri, Amir; Bergman, Theodore L; Pitchumani, Ranga

    2013-09-26

    The overall objective was to develop innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage systems for concentrating solar power generation involving phase change materials (PCMs). Specific objectives included embedding thermosyphons and/or heat pipes (TS/HPs) within appropriate phase change materials to significantly reduce thermal resistances within the thermal energy storage system of a large-scale concentrating solar power plant and, in turn, improve performance of the plant. Experimental, system level and detailed comprehensive modeling approaches were taken to investigate the effect of adding TS/HPs on the performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems.

  10. Differences in carbon cycle and temperature projections from emission- and concentration-driven earth system model simulations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shao, P.; Zeng, X.; Zeng, X.

    2014-08-29

    The influence of prognostic and prescribed atmospheric CO2 concentrations ([CO2]) on the carbon uptake and temperature is investigated using all eight Earth System Models (ESMs) with relevant output variables from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). Under the RCP8.5 scenario, the projected [CO2] differences in 2100 vary from -19.7 to +207.3 ppm in emission-driven ESMs. Incorporation of the interactive concentrations also increases the range of global warming, computed as the 20 year average difference between 2081–2100 and 1850–1869/1861–1880, by 49% from 2.36 K (i.e. ranging from 3.11 to 5.47 K) in the concentration-driven simulations to 3.51 K inmore »the emission-driven simulations. The observed seasonal amplitude of global [CO2] from 1980–2011 is about 1.2–5.3 times as large as those from the eight emission-driven ESMs, while the [CO2] seasonality is simply neglected in concentration-driven ESMs, suggesting the urgent need of ESM improvements in this area. The temperature-concentration feedback parameter ? is more sensitive to [CO2] (e.g. during 1980–2005 versus 2075–2100) than how [CO2] is handled (i.e. prognostic versus prescribed). This sensitivity can be substantially reduced by using a more appropriate parameter ?' computed from the linear regression of temperature change versus that of the logarithm of [CO2]. However, the inter-model relative variations of both ? and ?' remain large, suggesting the need of more detailed studies to understand and hopefully reduce these discrepancies.« less

  11. A Novel MagPipe Pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.R.; Montgomery, D.B.; Roderick, L.

    2009-11-15

    A novel capsule pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives, called Magplane MagPipe, is under development with the intention to replace trucks and railways for hauling materials from the mine to the rail head, power plant, or processing plant with reduced operating cost and energy consumption. The initial demonstration of a MagPipe line in Inner Mongolia will be a 500-m-long double-pipe coal transport system with the design transportation capacity of 3 Mega-Mg per year. The pipeline consists of 6-m-long plastic pipe modules with an I-beam suspension system inside the pipe to carry sets of five coupled capsules. The pipe will also contain noncontinuous motor winding modules spaced at 50-m intervals. A set of Halbach-arrayed permanent magnets on the bottom of the capsules interact with the linear motor windings to provide propulsion. The motor is driven by variable frequency drives outside the pipe to control the speed. This paper briefly describes the overall MagPipe pipeline transportation system, including the preliminary conclusions of the linear synchronous motor analysis.

  12. A gradient system on the quantum information space that realizes the Karmarkar flow for linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Uwano; Hiromi Yuya

    2008-07-25

    In the paper of Uwano [Czech. J. of Phys., vol.56, pp.1311-1316 (2006)], a gradient system is found on the space of density matrices endowed with the quantum SLD Fisher metric (to be referred to as the quantum information space) that realizes a generalization of a gradient system on the space of multinomial distributions studied by Nakamura [Japan J. Indust. Appl. Math., vol.10, pp.179-189 (1993)]. On motived by those papers, the present paper aims to construct a gradient system on the quantum information space that realizes the Karmarkar flow, the continuous limit of the Karmarkar projective scaling algorithm for linear programming.

  13. Coherent anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy system for point temperature and major species concentration measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, J.P.; Yueh, Fang-Yu

    1993-10-01

    The Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy system (CARS) has been developed as a laser-based, advanced, combustion-diagnostic technique to measure temperature and major species concentration. Principles of operation, description of the system and its capabilities, and operational details of this instrument are presented in this report.

  14. Solar concentrator with integrated tracking and light delivery system with summation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maxey, Lonnie Curt

    2015-05-05

    A solar light distribution system includes a solar light concentrator that is affixed externally to a light transfer tube. Solar light waves are processed by the concentrator into a collimated beam of light, which is then transferred through a light receiving port and into the light transfer tube. A reflector redirects the collimated beam of light through the tube to a light distribution port. The interior surface of the light transfer tube is highly reflective so that the light transfers through the tube with minimal losses. An interchangeable luminaire is attached to the light distribution port and provides light inside of a structure. A sun tracking device rotates the concentrator and the light transfer tube to optimize the receiving of solar light by the concentrator throughout the day. The system provides interior lighting that uses only renewable energy sources, and releases no carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

  15. Solar concentrator with integrated tracking and light delivery system with collimation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maxey, Lonnie Curt

    2015-06-09

    A solar light distribution system includes a solar light concentrator that is affixed externally to a light transfer tube. Solar light waves are processed by the concentrator into a collimated beam of light, which is then transferred through a light receiving port and into the light transfer tube. A reflector directs the collimated beam of light through the tube to a light distribution port. The interior surface of the light transfer tube is highly reflective so that the light transfers through the tube with minimal losses. An interchangeable luminaire is attached to the light distribution port and distributes light inside of a structure. A sun tracking device rotates the concentrator and the light transfer tube to optimize the receiving of solar light by the concentrator throughout the day. The system provides interior lighting, uses only renewable energy sources, and releases no carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

  16. Optimized scalable stack of fluorescent solar concentrator systems with bifacial silicon solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martínez Díez, Ana Luisa, E-mail: a.martinez@itma.es [Fundación ITMA, Parque Empresarial Principado de Asturias, C/Calafates, Parcela L-3.4, 33417 Avilés (Spain); Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstr. 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany); Gutmann, Johannes; Posdziech, Janina; Rist, Tim; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstr. 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany); Plaza, David Gómez [Fundación ITMA, Parque Empresarial Principado de Asturias, C/Calafates, Parcela L-3.4, 33417 Avilés (Spain)

    2014-10-21

    In this paper, we present a concentrator system based on a stack of fluorescent concentrators (FCs) and a bifacial solar cell. Coupling bifacial solar cells to a stack of FCs increases the performance of the system and preserves its efficiency when scaled. We used an approach to optimize a fluorescent solar concentrator system design based on a stack of multiple fluorescent concentrators (FC). Seven individual fluorescent collectors (20 mm×20 mm×2 mm) were realized by in-situ polymerization and optically characterized in regard to their ability to guide light to the edges. Then, an optimization procedure based on the experimental data of the individual FCs was carried out to determine the stack configuration that maximizes the total number of photons leaving edges. Finally, two fluorescent concentrator systems were realized by attaching bifacial silicon solar cells to the optimized FC stacks: a conventional system, where FC were attached to one side of the solar cell as a reference, and the proposed bifacial configuration. It was found that for the same overall FC area, the bifacial configuration increases the short-circuit current by a factor of 2.2, which is also in agreement with theoretical considerations.

  17. Designing a Stochastic Adaptive Impulsive Observer for Stochastic Linear and Nonlinear Impulsive Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayati, Moosa [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alwan, Mohamad; Liu Xinzhi [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Khaloozadeh, Hamid [Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-11-30

    State observation (estimation) is a very important issue in system analysis and control. This paper develops a new observer called Stochastic Adaptive Impulsive Observer (SAIO) for the state estimation of impulsive systems. The proposed observer is applicable to linear and nonlinear stochastic impulsive systems. In addition, the effect of parametric uncertainty is considered and unknown parameters of the system are estimated by suitable adaptation laws. Impulsive system theory, particularly stochastic Lyapunov-like function, is used to analyze the stability and convergence of the state estimations. The main advantages of the proposed observer are: 1) it gives continuous estimation from discrete time measurements of the system output, and 2) it is useful for state estimation when continuous measurements are impossible or expensive. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed observer and we believe that it has many applications in control and estimation theories.

  18. Kinks from Dynamical Systems: Domain Walls in a Deformed O(N) Linear Sigma Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Alonso Izquierdo; M. A. Gonzalez Leon; J. Mateos Guilarte

    2000-03-24

    It is shown how a integrable mechanical system provides all the localized static solutions of a deformation of the linear O(N)-sigma model in two space-time dimensions. The proof is based on the Hamilton-Jacobi separability of the mechanical analogue system that follows when time-independent field configurations are being considered. In particular, we describe the properties of the different kinds of kinks in such a way that a hierarchical structure of solitary wave manifolds emerges for distinct N.

  19. Self-consistent field theory based molecular dynamics with linear system-size scaling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richters, Dorothee; Kühne, Thomas D.

    2014-04-07

    We present an improved field-theoretic approach to the grand-canonical potential suitable for linear scaling molecular dynamics simulations using forces from self-consistent electronic structure calculations. It is based on an exact decomposition of the grand canonical potential for independent fermions and does neither rely on the ability to localize the orbitals nor that the Hamilton operator is well-conditioned. Hence, this scheme enables highly accurate all-electron linear scaling calculations even for metallic systems. The inherent energy drift of Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations, arising from an incomplete convergence of the self-consistent field cycle, is circumvented by means of a properly modified Langevin equation. The predictive power of the present approach is illustrated using the example of liquid methane under extreme conditions.

  20. Tarn Yates, Senior Thesis, Physics Department UCSC Summer 2003 Solar Cells in Concentrating Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drop in Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. 20 iii. Temperature Dependence of the Spectral and Efficiency. This is because the cost of solar panels compared to the amount of power they produce makes their purchaseTarn Yates, Senior Thesis, Physics Department UCSC Summer 2003 Solar Cells in Concentrating Systems

  1. A two-stage 100 l/min circumferential slot virtual impactor system for bioaerosol concentration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaCroix, Daniel Edward

    2009-05-15

    A two -stage circumferential slot virtual impactor aerosol concentrator system has been developed that is designed for nominal operational conditions of a 2 ?m AD cutpoint, an aerosol inflow to the first stage of 100 L/min and a minor flow rate from...

  2. Resurgence, Stokes phenomenon and alien derivatives for level-one linear differential systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loday-Richaud, Michèle

    2010-01-01

    A precise description of the singularities of the Borel transform of solutions of a level-one linear differential system is deduced from a proof of the summable-resurgence of the solutions by the perturbative method of J. \\'Ecalle. Then we compare the meromorphic classification (Stokes phenomenon) from the viewpoint of the Stokes cocycle and the viewpoint of alien derivatives. We make explicit the Stokes-Ramis matrices as functions of the connection constants in the Borel plane and we develop two examples. No assumption of genericity is made.

  3. Daily Fill Factor Variation as a Diagnostic Probe of Multijunction Concentrator Systems During Outdoor Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, W. E.; Emery, K. E.; Friedman, D. J.; Ottoson, L.; Young, M. S.; Ward, J. S.; Kramer, C. M.; Duda, A.; Kurtz, S.

    2007-01-01

    The work presented here is for GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells, but the conclusions are equally valid for GaInP2/GaAs/Ge triple-junction cells. Optimizing a concentrator system which uses multijunction solar cells is challenging because: (a) the conditions are variable, so the solar cells rarely operate under optimal conditions and (b) the conditions are not controlled, so any design problems are difficult to characterize. Any change in the spectral content of direct-beam sunlight as it passes through the concentrator optics is of particular interest, as it can reduce the performance of multijunction cells and is difficult to characterize.

  4. Status report on a solar photovoltaic concentrating energy system for a hospital in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.; Curtis, G.; Yuen, P.

    1983-06-01

    The largest parabolic concentrating photovoltaic/solar thermal system in the U.S. began producing electricity and hot water for a hospital on the island of Kauai, Hawaii in November 1981. Each of the 80 parabolic collectors is 6 feet by 10 feet and concentrates incident sunlight on photovoltaic cells mounted on two faces of the receiver at the focus. Although the 35 kilowatt system has been designed to produce 22,000 net kilowatt-hours per year of electricity and 620,000 gallons of 180 F water, electrical output (12 to 15 kilowatt-hours per day) is only 20 percent of that expected, primarily because insolation at the site has been only 40 percent of predicted values. A second problem with fungal attack on the receivers has been solved by better sealing. The system has also withstood a hurricane with negligible damage.

  5. Steam-circuit Model for the Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector , G. L. Morrison1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steam-circuit Model for the Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector Prototype J. D. Pye1 , G. L. Morrison1.pye@student.unsw.edu.au Abstract The Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector (CLFR) is a linear-concentrating solar thermal energy system The Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector (CLFR) was first conceived of in 1992-1993 and was patented in 1995

  6. Electronic film with embedded micro-mirrors for solar energy concentrator systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Rabinowitz; Mark Davidson

    2004-04-16

    A novel electronic film solar energy concentrator with embedded micro-mirrors that track the sun is described. The potential viability of this new concept is presented. Due to miniaturization, the amount of material needed for the optical system is minimal. Because it is light-weight and flexible, it can easily be attached to the land or existing structures. This presents an economic advantage over conventional concentrators which require the construction of a separate structure to support them, and motors to orient them to intercept and properly reflect sunlight. Such separate structures must be able to survive gusts, windstorms, earthquakes, etc. This concentrator utilizes the ground or existing edifices which are already capable of withstanding such vicissitudes of nature.

  7. Design optimization of the International Linear Collider Final Focus System with a long L*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plassard, Fabien

    This Master's Thesis work has been done in the Aerospace Engineering master's programme framework and carried out at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). It was conducted under the 500 GeV e-e+ International Linear Collider (ILC) study and focused on the design and performance optimization of the Final Focus System (FFS). The purpose of the final focus system of the future linear colliders (ILC and CLIC) is to demagnify the beam to the required transverse size at the interaction point (IP). The FFS is designed for a flat-beam in a compact way based on a local chromaticity correction which corrects both horizontal and vertical chromaticities simultaneously. An alternative FFS configuration based on the traditional scheme with two dedicated chromatic correction sections for horizontal and vertical chromaticities and a long L * option has been developed. A longer free space between the last quadrupole and the IP allows to place the last quadrupole on a stable ground, with fewer engineering ...

  8. Molten Salt-Carbon Nanotube Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Systems Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Schuller; Frank Little; Darren Malik; Matt Betts; Qian Shao; Jun Luo; Wan Zhong; Sandhya Shankar; Ashwin Padmanaban

    2012-03-30

    We demonstrated that adding nanoparticles to a molten salt would increase its utility as a thermal energy storage medium for a concentrating solar power system. Specifically, we demonstrated that we could increase the specific heat of nitrate and carbonate salts containing 1% or less of alumina nanoparticles. We fabricated the composite materials using both evaporative and air drying methods. We tested several thermophysical properties of the composite materials, including the specific heat, thermal conductivity, latent heat, and melting point. We also assessed the stability of the composite material with repeated thermal cycling and the effects of adding the nanoparticles on the corrosion of stainless steel by the composite salt. Our results indicate that stable, repeatable 25-50% improvements in specific heat are possible for these materials. We found that using these composite salts as the thermal energy storage material for a concentrating solar thermal power system can reduce the levelized cost of electricity by 10-20%. We conclude that these materials are worth further development and inclusion in future concentrating solar power systems.

  9. Spatial resolution, signal-to-noise and information capacity of linear imaging systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gureyev, Timur

    2015-01-01

    A simple model for image formation in linear shift-invariant systems is considered, in which both the detected signal and the noise variance are almost constant over distances comparable with the width of the point-spread function of the system. It is shown that within the constraints of this model, the square of the signal-to-noise ratio is always proportional to the "volume" of the spatial resolution unit. The ratio of these two quantities divided by the incident density of the imaging particles (e.g. photons) represents a dimensionless invariant of the imaging system, which was previously termed the intrinsic imaging quality. This invariant is related to the notion of information capacity of imaging and communication systems as previously considered by Shannon, Gabor and others. It is demonstrated that the information capacity expressed in bits cannot exceed the total number of imaging particles utilised in the system. These results are then applied to a simple generic model of quantitative imaging and ana...

  10. Size reduction of high- and low-moisture corn stalks by linear knife grid system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Narayan, S. [First American Scientific Co.

    2009-04-01

    High- and low-moisture corn stalks were tested using a linear knife grid size reduction device developed for first-stage size reduction. The device was used in conjunction with a universal test machine that quantified shearing stress and energy characteristics for forcing a bed of corn stalks through a grid of sharp knives. No published engineering performance data for corn stover with similar devices are available to optimize performance; however, commercial knife grid systems exist for forage size reduction. From the force displacement data, mean and maximum ultimate shear stresses, cumulative and peak mass-based cutting energies for corn stalks, and mean new surface area-based cutting energies were determined from 4 5 refill runs at two moisture contents (78.8% and 11.3% wet basis), three knife grid spacings (25.4, 50.8, and 101.6 mm), and three bed depths (50.8, 101.6, and 152.4 mm). In general, the results indicated that peak failure load, ultimate shear stress, and cutting energy values varied directly with bed depth and inversely with knife grid spacing. Mean separation analysis established that high- and low-moisture conditions and bed depths 101.6 mm did not differ significantly (P < 0.05) for ultimate stress and cutting energy values, but knife grid spacing were significantly different. Linear knife grid cutting energy requirements for both moisture conditions of corn stalks were much smaller than reported cutting energy requirements. Ultimate shear stress and cutting energy results of this research should aid the engineering design of commercial scale linear knife gird size reduction equipment for various biomass feedstocks.

  11. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Global Warming Potential, and Water for Distributed Concentrating SolarGlobal Warming Potential, and Water for Distributed Concentrating Solar

  12. Concentrating Solar Power Hybrid System Study: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-13-506

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turchi, C.

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this PTS is to collaboratively leverage the collective resources at General Electric Global Research (GEGRC) and National Renewable Energy Laboratories (NREL) in the areas of concentrating solar power hybrid systems to advance state-of-the-art concentrating solar and conventional power generation system integration.

  13. Direct-Steam Linear Fresnel Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

    2012-09-01

    This paper presents the technical formulation and demonstrated model performance results of a new direct-steam-generation (DSG) model in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM). The model predicts the annual electricity production of a wide range of system configurations within the DSG Linear Fresnel technology by modeling hourly performance of the plant in detail. The quasi-steady-state formulation allows users to investigate energy and mass flows, operating temperatures, and pressure drops for geometries and solar field configurations of interest. The model includes tools for heat loss calculation using either empirical polynomial heat loss curves as a function of steam temperature, ambient temperature, and wind velocity, or a detailed evacuated tube receiver heat loss model. Thermal losses are evaluated using a computationally efficient nodal approach, where the solar field and headers are discretized into multiple nodes where heat losses, thermal inertia, steam conditions (including pressure, temperature, enthalpy, etc.) are individually evaluated during each time step of the simulation. This paper discusses the mathematical formulation for the solar field model and describes how the solar field is integrated with the other subsystem models, including the power cycle and optional auxiliary fossil system. Model results are also presented to demonstrate plant behavior in the various operating modes.

  14. 310 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 16, NO. 2, APRIL 2007 Linear and Nonlinear Tuning of Parametrically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) was first proposed for amplification of harmonically excited os- cillators in [1310 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 16, NO. 2, APRIL 2007 Linear and Nonlinear Tuning of Parametrically Excited MEMS Oscillators Barry E. DeMartini, Student Member, IEEE, Jeffrey F

  15. Advanced Thomson scattering system for high-flux linear plasma generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meiden, H. J. van der; Lof, A. R.; Berg, M. A. van den; Brons, S.; Eck, H. J. N. van; Koelman, P. M. J.; Koppers, W. R.; Kruijt, O. G.; Oyevaar, T.; Prins, P. R.; Rapp, J.; Scholten, J.; Smeets, P. H. M.; Star, G. van der; Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, P. A.; Donne, A. J. H.; Schram, D. C.; Naumenko, N. N.; Tugarinov, S. N.

    2012-12-15

    An advanced Thomson scattering system has been built for a linear plasma generator for plasma surface interaction studies. The Thomson scattering system is based on a Nd:YAG laser operating at the second harmonic and a detection branch featuring a high etendue (f /3) transmission grating spectrometer equipped with an intensified charged coupled device camera. The system is able to measure electron density (n{sub e}) and temperature (T{sub e}) profiles close to the output of the plasma source and, at a distance of 1.25 m, just in front of a target. The detection system enables to measure 50 spatial channels of about 2 mm each, along a laser chord of 95 mm. By summing a total of 30 laser pulses (0.6 J, 10 Hz), an observational error of 3% in n{sub e} and 6% in T{sub e} (at n{sub e}= 9.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} m{sup -3}) can be obtained. Single pulse Thomson scattering measurements can be performed with the same accuracy for n{sub e} > 2.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} m{sup -3}. The minimum measurable density and temperature are n{sub e} < 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} m{sup -3} and T{sub e} < 0.07 eV, respectively. In addition, using the Rayleigh peak, superimposed on the Thomson scattered spectrum, the neutral density (n{sub 0}) of the plasma can be measured with an accuracy of 25% (at n{sub 0}= 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} m{sup -3}). In this report, the performance of the Thomson scattering system will be shown along with unprecedented accurate Thomson-Rayleigh scattering measurements on a low-temperature argon plasma expansion into a low-pressure background.

  16. Concentrating Solar Power (Fact Sheet), Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration (ERBSI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) - A New Model

  17. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power Systemfor Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Powerin parabolic trough solar power technology. Journal of Solar

  18. Klystron Linearizer for Use with 1.2 MW 476 MHz Klystrons in PEP-II RF Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, J.; Mastorides, T.; Teytelman, D.; Van Winkle, D.; Zhou, Y.; /SLAC; Gallo, A.; /Frascati

    2005-06-15

    The direct and comb loop feedback around the RF cavities in PEP-II is critical in reducing longitudinal instabilities driven by the cavity impedance. The non-linear 1.2 MW klystron is in the signal path for these feedback loops. As a result, the effective small-signal gain of the klystron at 85% saturation reduces the impedance control by factors of 5 to 20 as compared to a linear power amplifier. A klystron linearizer circuit has been developed which operates in series with the power amplifier and acts to equalize the small and large signal gains through the combination. The technique must implement a 1 MHz linear control bandwidth over roughly 15 dB of RF signal level variation. The dynamics of this system is operating point dependent, and the channel must have dynamic gain compensation to keep the linearity compensation loop stable over changes in operating point. The design of this non-linear signal processing channel (incorporating RF and DSP techniques) and measured results from full-power klystron testing are presented.

  19. 2-norm error bounds and estimates for Lanczos approximations to linear systems and rational matrix functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Frommer; K. Kahl; Th. Lippert; H. Rittich

    2012-12-03

    The Lanczos process constructs a sequence of orthonormal vectors v_m spanning a nested sequence of Krylov subspaces generated by a hermitian matrix A and some starting vector b. In this paper we show how to cheaply recover a secondary Lanczos process starting at an arbitrary Lanczos vector v_m. This secondary process is then used to efficiently obtain computable error estimates and error bounds for the Lanczos approximations to the action of a rational matrix function on a vector. This includes, as a special case, the Lanczos approximation to the solution of a linear system Ax = b. Our approach uses the relation between the Lanczos process and quadrature as developed by Golub and Meurant. It is different from methods known so far because of its use of the secondary Lanczos process. With our approach, it is now in particular possible to efficiently obtain {\\em upper bounds} for the error in the {\\em 2-norm}, provided a lower bound on the smallest eigenvalue of $A$ is known. This holds in particular for a large class of rational matrix functions including best rational approximations to the inverse square root and the sign function. We compare our approach to other existing error estimates and bounds known from the literature and include results of several numerical experiments.

  20. Low-Cost High-Concentration Photovoltaic Systems for Utility Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, R.; Garboushian, V.; Gordon, R.; Dutra, D.; Kinsey, G.; Geer, S.; Gomez, H.; Cameron, C.

    2012-03-31

    Under DOE's Technology Pathway Partnership (TPP) program, Amonix, Inc. developed a new generation of high-concentration photovoltaic systems using multijunction technology and established the manufacturing capacity needed to supply multi-megawatt power plants buing using the new Amonix 7700-series solar energy systems. For this effort, Amonix Collaborated with a variety of suppliers and partners to complete project tasks. Subcontractors included: Evonik/Cyro; Hitek; the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Raytech; Spectrolab; UL; University of Nevada, Las Vegas; and TUV Rheinland PTL. The Amonix TPP tasks included: Task 1: Multijunction Cell Optimization for Field Operation, Task 2: Fresnel Lens R&D, Task 3: Cell Package Design & Production, Task 4: Standards Compliance and Reliability Testing, Task 5: Receiver Plate Production, Task 6: MegaModule Performance, Task 7: MegaModule Cost Reduction, Task 8: Factory Setup and MegaModule Production, Task 9: Tracker and Tracking Controller, Task 10: Installation and Balance of System (BOS), Task 11: Field Testing, and Task 12: Solar Advisor Modeling and Market Analysis. Amonix's TPP addressed nearly the complete PV value chain from epitaxial layer design and wafer processing through system design, manufacturing, deployment and O&M. Amonix has made progress toward achieving these reduced costs through the development of its 28%+ efficient MegaModule, reduced manufacturing and installation cost through design for manufacturing and assembly, automated manufacturing processes, and reduced O&M costs. Program highlights include: (1) Optimized multijunction cell and cell package design to improve performance by > 10%; (2) Updated lens design provided 7% increased performance and higher concentration; (3) 28.7% DC STC MegaModule efficiency achieved in Phase II exceeded Phase III performance goal; (4) New 16' focal length MegaModule achieved target materials and manufacturing cost reduction; (5) Designed and placed into production 25 MW/yr manufacturing capacity for complete MegaModules, including cell packages, receiver plates, and structures with lenses; (6) Designed and deployed Amonix 7700 series systems rated at 63 kW PTC ac and higher. Based on an LCOE assessment using NREL's Solar Advisor Model, Amonix met DOE's LCOE targets: Amonix 2011 LCOE 12.8 cents/kWh (2010 DOE goal 10-15); 2015 LCOE 6.4 cents/kWh (2015 goal 5-7) Amonix and TPP participants would like to thank the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Energy Technology Program for funding received under this program through Agreement No. DE-FC36-07GO17042.

  1. Linear and Nonlinear PT-symmetric Oligomers: A Dynamical Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Duanmu; K. Li; R. L. Horne; P. G. Kevrekidis; N. Whitaker

    2012-10-15

    In the present work we focus on the cases of two-site (dimer) and three-site (trimer) configurations, i.e. oligomers, respecting the parity-time (PT) symmetry, i.e., with a spatially odd gain-loss profile. We examine different types of solutions of such configurations with linear and nonlinear gain/loss profiles. Solutions beyond the linear PT-symmetry critical point as well as solutions with asymmetric linearization eigenvalues are found in both the nonlinear dimer and trimer. The latter feature is absent in linear PT-symmetric trimers, while both of them are absent in linear PT symmetric dimers. Furthermore, nonlinear gain/loss terms enable the existence of both symmetric and asymmetric solution profiles (and of bifurcations between them), while only symmetric solutions are present in the linear PT-symmetric dimers and trimers. The linear stability analysis around the obtained solutions is discussed and their dynamical evolution is explored by means of direct numerical simulations. Finally, a brief discussion is also given of recent progress in the context of PT-symmetric quadrimers.

  2. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    nuclear power plant can instead harness solar energy as theenergy to be dissipated in concentrating solar power plants.

  3. Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    From towers to dishes to linear mirrors to troughs, concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies reflect and collect solar heat to generate electricity. A single CSP plant can generate enough power for about 90,000 homes. This video explains what CSP is, how it works, and how systems like parabolic troughs produce renewable power. For more information on the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's CSP research, see the Solar Energy Technology Program's Concentrating Solar Power Web page at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/csp_program.html.

  4. Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-01

    From towers to dishes to linear mirrors to troughs, concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies reflect and collect solar heat to generate electricity. A single CSP plant can generate enough power for about 90,000 homes. This video explains what CSP is, how it works, and how systems like parabolic troughs produce renewable power. For more information on the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's CSP research, see the Solar Energy Technology Program's Concentrating Solar Power Web page at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/csp_program.html.

  5. Dynamics of atom-field probability amplitudes in a coupled cavity system with Kerr non-linearity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Priyesh, K. V.; Thayyullathil, Ramesh Babu [Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin (India)

    2014-01-28

    We have investigated the dynamics of two cavities coupled together via photon hopping, filled with Kerr non-linear medium and each containing a two level atom in it. The evolution of various atom (field) state probabilities of the coupled cavity system in two excitation sub space are obtained numerically. Detailed analysis has been done by taking different initial conditions of the system, with various coupling strengths and by varying the susceptibility of the medium. The role of susceptibility factor, on the dynamics atom field probability has been examined. In a coupled cavity system with strong photon hopping it is found that the susceptibility factor modifies the behaviour of probability amplitudes.

  6. Webinar November 19: Potential Strategies for Integrating Solar Hydrogen Production and Concentrating Solar Power: A Systems Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "Potential Strategies for Integrating Solar Hydrogen Production and Concentrating Solar Power: A Systems Analysis" on Thursday, November 19, from 1:00 to 2:00 p.m. EST. This webinar will present the results of an analysis conducted by Sandia National Laboratories that explored potential synergies that may be realized by integrating solar hydrogen production and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies.

  7. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    analysis of current solar power plants. Solar desalinationin concentrating solar power plants. Because theseor nuclear power plant can instead harness solar energy as

  8. Advanced Ceramic Materials and Packaging Technologies for Realizing Sensors for Concentrating Solar Power Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is a presentation by Yiping Liu from Sporian Microsystems at the 2013 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program Review.

  9. Advanced Ceramic Materials and Packaging Technologies for Realizing Sensors for Concentrating Solar Power Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 23–25, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  10. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Potential, and Water for Distributed Concentrating Solarconcentrating solar has the potential for significantscenarios evaluate the potential for solar-thermal serving

  11. A Unified Framework for Optimizing Linear Nonregenerative Multicarrier MIMO Relay Communication Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong, Yue; Tang, Xiaojun; Hua, Yingbo

    2009-01-01

    MIMO RELAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS [25] S. M. Kay,MIMO RELAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Fig. 4. Example 3: BERMIMO Relay Communication Systems Yue Rong, Member, IEEE,

  12. Effects of Correlated Interference on the Potential Linear Antenna Gain in CDMA Macrodiversity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    University, Ottawa, Canada E­mail: halim@sce.carleton.ca 2 Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering be attained by using L an­ tenna elements (AEs) provided that the spread spectrum bandwidth approaches of multiple AEs will be less than linear due to the presence of the correlated interference effects

  13. System Demonstration of Spiral: Generator for High-Performance Linear Transform Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    -specific language, program generation, rewriting, matrix algebra, automatic performance tuning, multithreading, SIMD been made towards this goal, in particular in two performance- critical domains: linear algebra] to generate code for small fixed size transform functions, called "codelets". However, all top-level recursive

  14. Extending the eigCG algorithm to nonsymmetric Lanczos for linear systems with multiple right-hand sides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdel-Rehim, A. M.; Stathopoulos, Andreas; Orginos, Kostas

    2014-08-01

    The technique that was used to build the EigCG algorithm for sparse symmetric linear systems is extended to the nonsymmetric case using the BiCG algorithm. We show that, similarly to the symmetric case, we can build an algorithm that is capable of computing a few smallest magnitude eigenvalues and their corresponding left and right eigenvectors of a nonsymmetric matrix using only a small window of the BiCG residuals while simultaneously solving a linear system with that matrix. For a system with multiple right-hand sides, we give an algorithm that computes incrementally more eigenvalues while solving the first few systems and then uses the computed eigenvectors to deflate BiCGStab for the remaining systems. Our experiments on various test problems, including Lattice QCD, show the remarkable ability of EigBiCG to compute spectral approximations with accuracy comparable to that of the unrestarted, nonsymmetric Lanczos. Furthermore, our incremental EigBiCG followed by appropriately restarted and deflated BiCGStab provides a competitive method for systems with multiple right-hand sides.

  15. Entrepreneurship Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    The Entrepreneurship Concentration The Manning School of Business www.uml.edu/management Who We Are, management, management information systems, marketing and supply chain and operations management we provide business. The experience I had in the classroom was wonderful and the professors teach with real life

  16. Linear psoriasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jr, Peter Chien; Rosenman, Karla; Cheung, Wang; Wang, Nadia; Sanchez, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    type 1/type 2 mosaic of psoriasis? Dermatology 2006; 212:Magalhaes RF, et al. Linear psoriasis in Brazilian childrensuffering from linear psoriasis along lines of Blaschko. Br

  17. Widely linear equalization for MIMO and SISO communications systems using filter banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pun, Ka Shun Carson

    2007-01-01

    Figure 4.3: The communications system employing a complex3.4: The overall communications system (as a virtual MIMOFigure 3.1: The communications system with M t -transmitting

  18. Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    From towers to dishes to linear mirrors to troughs, concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies reflect and collect solar heat to generate electricity.

  19. Fault tolerant linear actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tesar, Delbert

    2004-09-14

    In varying embodiments, the fault tolerant linear actuator of the present invention is a new and improved linear actuator with fault tolerance and positional control that may incorporate velocity summing, force summing, or a combination of the two. In one embodiment, the invention offers a velocity summing arrangement with a differential gear between two prime movers driving a cage, which then drives a linear spindle screw transmission. Other embodiments feature two prime movers driving separate linear spindle screw transmissions, one internal and one external, in a totally concentric and compact integrated module.

  20. Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System for Concentrating Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy’s SunShot Initiative awarded Southern Research Institute (SRI) through the Concentrating Solar Power: Efficiently Leveraging Equilibrium Mechanisms for Engineering New Thermochemical Storage (CSP: ELEMENTS) funding program.

  1. Structural changes in quasi- 1D many-electron systems: from linear to zig-zag and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballone, R Cortes-Huerto M Paternostro P

    2010-01-01

    Many-electron systems confined to a quasi-1D geometry by a cylindrical distribution of positive charge have been investigated by density functional computations in the unrestricted local spin density approximation. Our investigations have been focused on the low density regime, in which electrons are localised. The results reveal a wide variety of different charge and spin configurations, including linear and zig-zag chains, single and double-strand helices, and twisted chains of dimers. The spin-spin coupling turns from weakly anti-ferromagnetic at relatively high density, to weakly ferromagnetic at the lowest densities considered in our computations. The stability of linear chains of localised charge has been investigated by analysing the radial dependence of the self-consistent potential and by computing the dispersion relation of low-energy harmonic excitations.

  2. Structural changes in quasi- 1D many-electron systems: from linear to zig-zag and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Cortes-Huerto M. Paternostro P. Ballone

    2010-05-24

    Many-electron systems confined to a quasi-1D geometry by a cylindrical distribution of positive charge have been investigated by density functional computations in the unrestricted local spin density approximation. Our investigations have been focused on the low density regime, in which electrons are localised. The results reveal a wide variety of different charge and spin configurations, including linear and zig-zag chains, single and double-strand helices, and twisted chains of dimers. The spin-spin coupling turns from weakly anti-ferromagnetic at relatively high density, to weakly ferromagnetic at the lowest densities considered in our computations. The stability of linear chains of localised charge has been investigated by analysing the radial dependence of the self-consistent potential and by computing the dispersion relation of low-energy harmonic excitations.

  3. On the linear operation of cloned dynamical systems and its Lyapunov exponents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pengfei Wang

    2014-03-16

    The cloned dynamical system theory is introduced and the Lyapunov exponents of this system are qualitatively proven to be same as the original dynamical system. This property indicates that these two systems have the same error propagation speed in the phase space, and thus we can interpret the phenomenon as why the ensemble mean method sometimes is not effective.

  4. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    to similarly sized photovoltaic systems in the U.S. thatP e photovoltaic systems that were $7.90/W elin terms of peak power) photovoltaic system. This shows that

  5. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    DCS-CHP system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7521 Stationary collector CHP to stationary PV performancesolar dish collector DCS-CHP system . . . . . . 28 Water and

  6. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    system for seawater desalination. Applied ThermalS. A. (2005). Seawater desalination using renewable energyagent can be used in seawater desalination as the system is

  7. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    solar-electric system (typical for thin-film panels currently) plus a 58% efficient solar-thermal system (flat-plate efficiency

  8. Dynamical Study of a Second Order DPCM Transmission System Modeled by a Piece-Wise Linear Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ina Taralova; D. Fournier-Prunaret

    2009-03-30

    This paper analyses the behaviour of a second order DPCM (Differential Pulse Code Modulation) transmission system when the nonlinear characteristic of the quantizer is taken into consideration. In this way, qualitatively new properties of the DPCM system have been unravelled, which cannot be observed and explained if the nonlinearity of the quantizer is neglected. For the purposes of this study, a piece-wise linear nondifferentiable quantizer characteristic is considered. The resulting model of the DPCM is of the form of iteration equations (i.e. map), where the inverse iterate is not unique (i.e. noninvertible map). Therefore the mathematical theory of noninvertible maps is particularly suitable for this analysis, together with the more classic tools of Non Linear Dynamics. This study allowed us in addition to show from a theoretical point of view some new properties of nondifferentiable maps, in comparison with differentiable ones. After a short review of noninvertible maps, the presented methods and tools for noninvertible maps are applied to the DPCM system. An original algorithm for calculation of bifurcation curves for the DPCM map is proposed. Via the studies in the parameter and phase plane, different nonlinear phenomena such as the overlapping of bifurcation curves causing multistability, chaotic behaviour, or multiple basins with fractal boundary are pointed out. All observed phenomena show a very complex dynamical behaviour even in the constant input signal case, discussed here.

  9. Tendons, Concentric Tubes, and a Bevel Tip: Three Steerable Robots in One Transoral Lung Access System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tendons, Concentric Tubes, and a Bevel Tip: Three Steerable Robots in One Transoral Lung Access, and Robert J. Webster III1, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- Lung cancer is the most deadly form of cancer between-the-ribs needle insertion because it is less invasive and reduces risk of lung collapse. Yet many

  10. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Linear Systems Extreme Inputs/Outputs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Smallwood, David O.

    2007-01-01

    A linear structure is excited at multiple points with a stationary normal random process. The response of the structure is measured at multiple outputs. If the autospectral densities of the inputs are specified, the phase relationships between the inputs are derived that will minimize or maximize the trace of the autospectral density matrix of the outputs. If the autospectral densities of the outputs are specified, the phase relationships between the outputs that will minimize or maximize the trace of the input autospectral density matrix are derived. It is shown that other phase relationships and ordinary coherence less than one willmore »result in a trace intermediate between these extremes. Least favorable response and some classes of critical response are special cases of the development. It is shown that the derivation for stationary random waveforms can also be applied to nonstationary random, transients, and deterministic waveforms.« less

  11. A Note on the Use of the Woodbury Formula To Solve Cyclic Block Tri-Diagonal and Cyclic Block Penta-diagonal Linear Systems of Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Batista; Abdel Rahman A. Ibrahim Karawia

    2008-07-24

    The article presents the theoretical background of the algorithms for solving cyclic block tridiagonal and cyclic block penta-diagonal systems of linear algebraic equations present in ref [1] and [2]. The theory is based on the Woodbury formula.

  12. This textbook is intended for college sophomores and juniors students whose electrical engineering programs include linear systems and signals courses. It can be also used by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajic, Zoran

    students interested in linear dynamic systems and signals---especially biomedical, aerospace, mechanical processing courses. In addition, many problems in wireless communications, networking, signal processing senior level courses in wireless communications, networking, photonics, and signal processing, some

  13. This textbook is intended for college sophomores and juniors students whose electrical engineering programs include linear systems and signals courses. It can be also used by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajic, Zoran

    students interested in linear dynamic systems and signals--especially biomedical, aerospace, mechanical processing courses. In addition, many problems in wireless communications, networking, signal processing senior level courses in wireless communications, networking, photonics, and signal processing, some

  14. Linear-optical simulation of the cooling of a cluster-state Hamiltonian system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. H. Aguilar; T. Kolb; D. Cavalcanti; L. Aolita; R. Chaves; S. P. Walborn; P. H. Souto Ribeiro

    2014-03-26

    A measurement-based quantum computer could consist of a local-gapped Hamiltonian system, whose thermal states --at sufficiently low temperature-- are universal resources for the computation. Initialization of the computer would correspond to cooling the system. We perform an experimental quantum simulation of such cooling process with entangled photons. We prepare three-qubit thermal cluster states exploiting the equivalence between local dephasing and thermalisation for these states. This allows us to tune the system's temperature by changing the dephasing strength. We monitor the entanglement as the system cools down and observe the transitions from separability to bound entanglement, and then to free entanglement. We also analyze the performance of the system for measurement-based single-qubit state preparation. These studies constitute a basic characterisation of experimental cluster-state computation under imperfect conditions.

  15. Nanoengineered surfaces for improvements in energy systems : application to concentrated solar and geothermal power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehn, Alexander W. (Alexander William)

    2012-01-01

    The main drawback to renewable energy systems is the higher cost of production compared to competitors such as fossil fuels. Thus, there is a need to increase the efficiency of renewable energy systems in an effort to make ...

  16. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    2009, February). Tracking the sun: The installed cost ofsystems. The tracking system (always facing the sun) when

  17. A flexible uncertainty quantification method for linearly coupled multi-physics systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Xiao Ng, Brenda; Sun, Yunwei; Tong, Charles

    2013-09-01

    Highlights: •We propose a “modularly hybrid” UQ methodology suitable for independent development of module-based multi-physics simulation. •Our algorithmic framework allows for each module to have its own UQ method (either intrusive or non-intrusive). •Information from each module is combined systematically to propagate “global uncertainty”. •Our proposed approach can allow for easy swapping of new methods for any modules without the need to address incompatibilities. •We demonstrate the proposed framework on a practical application involving a multi-species reactive transport model. -- Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach to building an integrated uncertainty quantification (UQ) methodology suitable for modern-day component-based approach for multi-physics simulation development. Our “hybrid” UQ methodology supports independent development of the most suitable UQ method, intrusive or non-intrusive, for each physics module by providing an algorithmic framework to couple these “stochastic” modules for propagating “global” uncertainties. We address algorithmic and computational issues associated with the construction of this hybrid framework. We demonstrate the utility of such a framework on a practical application involving a linearly coupled multi-species reactive transport model.

  18. Spin Transport and Polarimetry in the Beam Delivery System of the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckmann, Moritz; Vauth, Annika; Vormwald, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    Polarised electron and positron beams are key ingredients to the physics programme of future linear colliders. Due to the chiral nature of weak interactions in the Standard Model - and possibly beyond - the knowledge of the luminosity-weighted average beam polarisation at the $e^+e^-$ interaction point is of similar importance as the knowledge of the luminosity and has to be controlled to permille-level precision in order to fully exploit the physics potential. The current concept to reach this challenging goal combines measurements from Laser-Compton polarimeters before and after the interaction point with measurements at the interaction point. A key element for this enterprise is the understanding of spin-transport effects between the polarimeters and the interaction point as well as collision effects. We show that without collisions, the polarimeters can be cross-calibrated to 0.1 %, and we discuss in detail the impact of collision effects and beam parameters on the polarisation value relevant for the inte...

  19. Prediction-based stabilization of linear systems subject to input-dependent input delay of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    engine [17] and exhaust line [13], heat collector plant [32], blending in liquid or solid networks [12 of system fitting inside this framework is the one of the exhaust Fuel/Air Ratio (FAR) for Gasoline engines

  20. On the synthesis of switched output feedback controllers for linear, time-invariant systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santarelli, Keith R. (Keith Robert), 1977-

    2007-01-01

    The theory of switching systems has seen many advances in the past decade. Its beginnings were founded primarily due to the physical limitations in devices to implement control such as relays, but today there exists a ...

  1. Design of an STM and EPL control system and linear actuator preload diaphragm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roan, Earl Taylor

    2007-01-01

    Increasing demand for nano-scale machining processes in the semiconductor industry necessitates new mechanisms for nano-machining. A system capable of nano-scale machining of conductive material via Electronic Pen Lithography ...

  2. Uncertainty quantification and prediction for non-autonomous linear and nonlinear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadnis, Akash

    2013-01-01

    The science of uncertainty quantification has gained a lot of attention over recent years. This is because models of real processes always contain some elements of uncertainty, and also because real systems can be better ...

  3. Reaction force control implementation of a linear generator in irregular waves for a wave power system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Bin

    2012-11-29

    Most designs for wave energy converters include a hydraulic (or pneumatic) interface between the wave device and the generator to smooth electricity production, but a direct drive power take-off system is a possible way ...

  4. Gregorian optical system with non-linear optical technology for protection against intense optical transients

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Diels, Jean-Claude M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-06-26

    An optical system comprising a concave primary mirror reflects light through an intermediate focus to a secondary mirror. The secondary mirror re-focuses the image to a final image plane. Optical limiter material is placed near the intermediate focus to optically limit the intensity of light so that downstream components of the optical system are protected from intense optical transients. Additional lenses before and/or after the intermediate focus correct optical aberrations.

  5. Linear Diagnostics to Assess the Performance of an Ensemble Forecast System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satterfield, Elizabeth A.

    2011-10-21

    frequency. We find that turning the digital filter on in these two sets of experiments leads to a major improvement of the analyses. In the experiments with randomly placed observations, turning the digital fil- ter on degrades the analysis in the Tropics... are carried out with an implementation of the Local En- semble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF) data assimilation system on a reduced (T62L28) resolution version of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecast System (GFS). Both...

  6. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    renewable and non-renewable energy systems including its global warming potential (potential for deep market penetration of renewable distributed energy

  7. Advanced Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycle Configurations for Use in Concentrating Solar Power Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Z.; Turchi, C. S.

    2011-03-01

    The research will characterize and evaluate advanced S-CO2 Brayton cycle power generation with a modular power tower CSP system.

  8. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    19 Cost estimates and EIO-LCA data for DCS-CHPEIO-LCA analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .system in Oakland, CA as used in the LCA analysis of Chapter

  9. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    mounted engine (e.g. dish-Stirling) by decoupling the twodish implementations to use self-contained systems (typically Stirling

  10. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    systems (typically Stirling engines or CPV modules) forheat engines including Brayton, Ericsson, and Stirling, thefocal-mounted engine (e.g. dish-Stirling) by decoupling the

  11. Why is GDP growth linear?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Jörg D

    2015-01-01

    In many European countries the growth of the real GDP per capita has been linear since 1950. An explanation for this linearity is still missing. We propose that in artificial intelligence we may find models for a linear growth of performance. We also discuss possible consequences of the fact that in systems with linear growth the percentage growth goes to zero.

  12. Quasi-Normal Mode Expansion for Linearized Waves in Gravitational Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. C. Ching; P. T. Leung; W. M. Suen; K. Young

    1994-08-31

    The quasinormal modes (QNM's) of gravitational systems modeled by the Klein-Gordon equation with effective potentials are studied in analogy to the QNM's of optical cavities. Conditions are given for the QNM's to form a complete set, i.e., for the Green's function to be expressible as a sum over QNM's, answering a conjecture by Price and Husain [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 68}, 1973 (1992)]. In the cases where the QNM sum is divergent, procedures for regularization are given. The crucial condition for completeness is the existence of spatial discontinuities in the system, e.g., the discontinuity at the stellar surface in the model of Price and Husain.

  13. Design, construction, and startup of a concentrating photovoltaic solar energy system in Hawaii: Phase II. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, R.; Harper, R.; Maberry, G.; Bedard, R.; Rafinejad, D.

    1982-10-01

    Acurex Corporation has designed, constructed, and is now operating a 35-kWp concentrating photovoltaic solar system located at the G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital in Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii. The facility consists of 446 m/sup 2/ (4800 ft/sup 2/) of parabolic trough photovoltaic collectors, an electrical power generation system which converts the direct current field output into grid-compatible alternating current power, and a thermal power subsystem for heating the hospital potable water. This report summarizes the design, construction, startup, and performance of this solar facility.

  14. Linear Dependence and Linear Independence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

    2010-02-12

    Feb 16, 2007 ... Observe that the vector (1, 2) is already a linear combination of (1, 0) and (0, 1), and therefore it does not add any new vectors to the linear span ...

  15. A Linear Discrete Dynamic System Model for Temporal Gene Interaction and Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Joe

    in pursuit of renewable sources of energy. As interest in alternative energy sources rises, the concept of agri- culture as an energy producer has become increasingly attractive. Renewable biomass, including in the system stay bounded as time goes to infinity given a bounded initial state. A major motivation of our

  16. Approximation and inversion of a complex meteorological system via local linear filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

    been the site of some of the nation's most severe air pollution (Lu et al., 1997b). In order to model to a complex mul- tivariate dynamic model for Southern California air quality is given and the method is shown, simulate, and predict levels of ozone and other pollutants, a multivariate dynamic modeling system called

  17. Path Following Using Transverse Feedback Linearization: Application to a Maglev Positioning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggiore, Manfredi

    . This methodology is applied to a five degree-of-freedom (5-DOF) magnetically levitated positioning system positioning stage, magnetic levitation. 1 Introduction The path following control problem (PFP) is chiefly, for instance, the simple problem of making a planar kinematic point-mass vehicle follow a path on the plane

  18. A Linear Framework for Time-Scale Separation in Nonlinear Biochemical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Jeremy

    permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author combinatorial construction of vast numbers of molecular states, [2]. How such complexity evolves and how system and its environment adjust on slower time-scales to the steady-state of the sub

  19. Computation of State Reachable Points of Linear Time Invariant Descriptor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    the system equation is a differential-algebraic equation (DAE) has become the industrial standard in many Center ECMath of Einstein Stiftung Berlin, within Research Center Matheon. 1 #12;Practical examples behavior of electrical machines and other energy storage compo- nents while the algebraic constraints

  20. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    boosting the overall solar efficiency of the system, DCS-CHPheat at 8-10% solar-electric efficiency while simultaneouslyare at 20 – 35% solar-electric efficiency (Mills [18]). This

  1. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Performance-Cost analysis of solar combined heat and powerCHP system where the solar field cost is split between thea predicted levelized solar thermal cost of $0.03/kWh, this

  2. Environmental Assessment and Metrics for Solar: Case Study of SolFocus Solar Concentrator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    International Journal of LCA, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 85–94,Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is utilized to analyze SolFocussolar systems. A hybrid LCA method- ology is explained that

  3. Concentration solar power optimization system and method of using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andraka, Charles E

    2014-03-18

    A system and method for optimizing at least one mirror of at least one CSP system is provided. The system has a screen for displaying light patterns for reflection by the mirror, a camera for receiving a reflection of the light patterns from the mirror, and a solar characterization tool. The solar characterization tool has a characterizing unit for determining at least one mirror parameter of the mirror based on an initial position of the camera and the screen, and a refinement unit for refining the determined parameter(s) based on an adjusted position of the camera and screen whereby the mirror is characterized. The system may also be provided with a solar alignment tool for comparing at least one mirror parameter of the mirror to a design geometry whereby an alignment error is defined, and at least one alignment unit for adjusting the mirror to reduce the alignment error.

  4. Project Profile: Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Concentrating Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The University of Connecticut, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage (TES) systems for CSP involving phase change materials (PCMs).

  5. Linear, third- and fifth-order nonlinear spectroscopy of a charge transfer system coupled to an underdamped vibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dijkstra, Arend G

    2015-01-01

    We study hole, electron and exciton transport in a charge transfer system in the presence of underdamped vibrational motion. We analyze the signature of these processes in the linear and third-, and fifth-order nonlinear electronic spectra. Calculations are performed with a numerically exact hierarchical equations of motion method for an underdamped Brownian oscillator spectral density. We find that combining electron, hole and exciton transfer can lead to non-trivial spectra with more structure than with excitonic coupling alone. Traces taken during the waiting time of a two-dimensional spectrum are dominated by vibrational motion and do not reflect the electron, hole, and exciton dynamics directly. We find that the fifth-order nonlinear response is particularly sensitive to the charge transfer process. While third-order 2D spectroscopy detects the correlation between two coherences, fifth-order 2D spectroscopy (2D population spectroscopy) is here designed to detect correlations between the excited states du...

  6. Future non-linear stability for solutions of the Einstein-Vlasov system of Bianchi types II and VI$_0$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernesto Nungesser

    2012-08-30

    In a recent paper arXiv:1208.4231 we have treated the future non-linear stability for reflection symmetric solutions of the Einstein-Vlasov system of Bianchi types II and VI$_0$. We have been able now to remove the reflection symmetry assumption, thus treating the non-diagonal case. Apart from the increasing complexity the methods have been essentially the same as in the diagonal case, showing that they are thus quite powerful. Here the challenge was to put the equations in a form that permits the use of the previous results. We are able to conclude that after a possible basis change the future of the non-diagonal spacetimes in consideration is asymptotically diagonal.

  7. Concentrated solar thermal (cst) system for fuelwood replacement and for household water sanitation in developing countries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akinjiola, O. P.; Balachandran, U. (Energy Systems); (Rsage Research, LLC)

    2012-01-01

    Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) is a proven renewable energy technology that harnesses solar irradiation in its most primitive form. This technology with roots in ancient history is growing at a fast pace in recent times. Developing countries could use CST to solve fundamental human-needs challenges, such as for the substitution of fuelwood and the treatment of water for household use. This paper proposes a conceptual design for a standardized modular CST for these applications in developing countries. A modular-designed parabolic CST with an aperture area of 7.5 m2 is adequate to provide enough solar thermal energy to replace the fuelwood need (5 tons/yr) or to pasteurize the minimum daily water requirement (2500 liters) for a household. Critical parameters of the CST are discussed and an affordable solid thermal storage is recommended to be used as a backup when sunlight is unavailable. A funding program that includes in-country resources and external funding will be needed to sustain the development and wide spread adaptation of this technology.

  8. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of a theoretical solar CHP system. Then, we explore the economic and technological impetus for a solar powered across 1 #12;varying conditions, and concluding that solar CHP generated electricity is comparable to PV thermal power plants. Chapter 3 explores the expander as an enabling technology for small solar Rankine

  9. Exciton Localization in Extended {\\pi}-electron Systems: Comparison of Linear and Cyclic Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiessen, Alexander; Jester, Stefan-S; Aggarwal, A Vikas; Idelson, Alissa; Bange, Sebastian; Vogelsang, Jan; Höger, Sigurd; Lupton, John M

    2015-01-01

    We employ five {\\pi}-conjugated model materials of different molecular shape --- oligomers and cyclic structures --- to investigate the extent of exciton self-trapping and torsional motion of the molecular framework following optical excitation. Our studies combine steady-state and transient fluorescence spectroscopy in the ensemble with measurements of polarization anisotropy on single molecules, supported by Monte Carlo simulations. The dimer exhibits a significant spectral red-shift within $\\sim$ 100 ps after photoexcitation which is attributed to torsional relaxation. This relaxation mechanism is inhibited in the structurally rigid macrocyclic analogue. However, both systems show a high degree of exciton localization but with very different consequences: while in the macrocycle the exciton localizes randomly on different parts of the ring, scrambling polarization memory, in the dimer, localization leads to a deterministic exciton position with luminescence characteristics of a dipole. Monte Carlo simulati...

  10. When do stochastic max-plus linear systems have a cycle time ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlet, Glenn

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the sequence of random variables (x(n, x0))n \\in N defined by x(0, x0) = x0 and x(n+1, x0) = A(n)x(n, x0), where (A(n))n \\in N is a stationary and ergodic sequence of random matrices with entries in the semiring (R \\cup {-\\infinity}, max, +). Such sequences model a large class of discrete event systems, among which timed event graphs, 1-bounded Petri nets, some queuing networks, train or computer networks. We give a necessary condition for 1/n x(n, x0) n \\in N to converge almost-surely, which proves to be sufficient when the A(n) are i.i.d. Moreover, we construct a new example, in which (A(n))n \\in N is strongly mixing, that condition is satisfied, but 1/n x(n, x0) n \\in N do not converge almost-surely.

  11. Reflector Technology Development and System Design for Concentrating Solar Power Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Schaut Philip Smith

    2011-12-30

    Alcoa began this program in March of 2008 with the goal of developing and validating an advanced CSP trough design to lower the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) as compared to existing glass based, space-frame trough technology. In addition to showing a pathway to a significant LCOE reduction, Alcoa also desired to create US jobs to support the emerging CSP industry. Alcoa's objective during Phase I: Concept Feasibility was to provide the DOE with a design approach that demonstrates significant overall system cost savings without sacrificing performance. Phase I consisted of two major tasks; reflector surface development and system concept development. Two specific reflective surface technologies were investigated, silver metallized lamination, and thin film deposition both applied on an aluminum substrate. Alcoa prepared samples; performed test validation internally; and provided samples to the NREL for full-spectrum reflectivity measurements. The final objective was to report reflectivity at t = 0 and the latest durability results as of the completion of Phase 1. The target criteria for reflectance and durability were as follows: (1) initial (t = 0), hemispherical reflectance >93%, (2) initial spectral reflectance >90% for 25-mrad reading and >87% for 7-mrad reading, and (3) predicted 20 year durability of less than 5% optical performance drop. While the results of the reflective development activities were promising, Alcoa was unable to down-select on a reflective technology that met the target criteria. Given the progress and potential of both silver film and thin film technologies, Alcoa continued reflector surface development activities in Phase II. The Phase I concept development activities began with acquiring baseline CSP system information from both CSP Services and the DOE. This information was used as the basis to develop conceptual designs through ideation sessions. The concepts were evaluated based on estimated cost and high-level structural performance. The target criteria for the concept development was to achieve a solar field cost savings of 25%-50% thereby meeting or exceeding the DOE solar field cost savings target of $350/m2. After evaluating various structural design approaches, Alcoa down-selected to a monocoque, dubbed Wing Box, design that utilizes the reflective surface as a structural, load carrying member. The cost and performance potential of the Wing Box concept was developed via initial finite element analysis (FEA) and cost modeling. The structural members were sized through material utilization modeling when subjected to representative loading conditions including wind loading. Cost modeling was utilized to refine potential manufacturing techniques that could be employed to manufacture the structural members. Alcoa concluded that an aluminum intensive collector design can achieve significant cost savings without sacrificing performance. Based on the cost saving potential of this Concept Feasibility study, Alcoa recommended further validation of this CSP approach through the execution of Phase II: Design and Prototype Development. Alcoa Phase II objective was to provide the DOE with a validated CSP trough design that demonstrates significant overall system cost savings without sacrificing performance. Phase II consisted of three major tasks; Detail System Design, Prototype Build, and System Validation. Additionally, the reflector surface development that began in Phase I was continued in Phase II. After further development work, Alcoa was unable to develop a reflective technology that demonstrated significant performance or cost benefits compared to commercially available CSP reflective products. After considering other commercially available reflective surfaces, Alcoa selected Alano's MIRO-SUN product for use on the full scale prototype. Although MIRO-SUN has a lower specular reflectivity compared to other options, its durability in terms of handling, cleaning, and long-term reflectivity was deemed the most important attribute to successfully validate Alcoa's advanced trough archi

  12. Concentrating Solar Power Dish/Engine System Basics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment ofCommercialEnergy Computers,dish/engine system is a

  13. Linear Motor Powered Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Richard D.

    This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

  14. Scattering Solar Thermal Concentrators

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    sunshot DOEGO-102012-3669 * September 2012 MOTIVATION All thermal concentrating solar power (CSP) systems use solar tracking, which involves moving large mirror surfaces...

  15. An elastic mounting system for a wing providing continuously non-linear responses in pitch and plunge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Walter Joseph

    1996-01-01

    can be tailored independently for each degree-of-freedom. Circular cam shapes were seen to produce linear responses while other shapes produce non-linear restoring forces. The design of a program to predict a cam shape for a desired response...

  16. MATH F314-F71 Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikes, Derek S.

    : This is a first course in linear algebra that starts with the basic objects ­ vectors, matrices, systems of linear equations, and vector spaces ­ and follows with the elements of matrix algebra and solving systems roughly to chapters 1-6 in the textbook. Linear algebra is concerned with the study of systems of linear

  17. Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From towers to dishes to linear mirrors to troughs, concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies reflect and collect solar heat to generate electricity. A single CSP plant can generate enough power...

  18. Linear, third- and fifth-order nonlinear spectroscopy of a charge transfer system coupled to an underdamped vibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arend G. Dijkstra; Yoshitaka Tanimura

    2015-02-23

    We study hole, electron and exciton transport in a charge transfer system in the presence of underdamped vibrational motion. We analyze the signature of these processes in the linear and third-, and fifth-order nonlinear electronic spectra. Calculations are performed with a numerically exact hierarchical equations of motion method for an underdamped Brownian oscillator spectral density. We find that combining electron, hole and exciton transfer can lead to non-trivial spectra with more structure than with excitonic coupling alone. Traces taken during the waiting time of a two-dimensional spectrum are dominated by vibrational motion and do not reflect the electron, hole, and exciton dynamics directly. We find that the fifth-order nonlinear response is particularly sensitive to the charge transfer process. While third-order 2D spectroscopy detects the correlation between two coherences, fifth-order 2D spectroscopy (2D population spectroscopy) is here designed to detect correlations between the excited states during two different time periods.

  19. The Matrix of Linear Mappings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleks Kleyn

    2010-01-27

    On the set of mappings of the given set, we define the product of mappings. If A is associative algebra, then we consider the set of matrices, whose elements are linear mappings of algebra A. In algebra of matrices of linear mappings we define the operation of product. The operation is based on the product of mappings. If the matrix a of linear mappings has an inverse matrix, then the quasideterminant of the matrix a and the inverse matrix are matrices of linear mappings. In the paper, I consider conditions when a matrix of linear mappings has inverse matrix, as well methods of solving a system of linear equations in an associative algebra.

  20. P. J. Antsaklis, "Notes on Polynomial Matrix Representation of Linear Control Systems," Publication No. 80/17, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Imperial College, June 1980.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    No. 80/17, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Imperial College, June 1980. #12;P. J. Antsaklis, "Notes of Linear Control Systems," Publication No. 80/17, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Imperial College, June," Publication No. 80/17, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Imperial College, June 1980. #12;P. J. Antsaklis

  1. Simulation of the Ionization Cooling of Muons in Linear RF Systems G. Penn, J.S. Wurtele, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    Simulation of the Ionization Cooling of Muons in Linear RF Systems G. Penn, J.S. Wurtele National Labs, Berkeley, CA 94720 Abstract Ionization cooling of muon beams is a crucial component of the proposed muon collider and neutrino factory. Cur- rent studies of cooling channels predominantly use simula

  2. 1. Batarseh, Issa. "Symbolic switch/linear circuit simulator systems and methods," US Patent 8,577,664, Nov 5, 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattanaik, Sumanta N.

    Patents 1. Batarseh, Issa. "Symbolic switch/linear circuit simulator systems and methods," US Patent 8,577,664, Nov 5, 2013. 2. Batarseh, Issa. "Method of Adapting Solar Tracking Using Variable Step Size," US Patent 8,552,286, October 8, 2013. 3. Cui, Q. and J. J. Liou, "Novel Multi-Gate pHEMT Devices

  3. A non-CFD modeling system for computing 3D wind and concentration fields in urban environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Matthew A; Brown, Michael J; Williams, Michael D; Gowardhan, Akshay; Pardyjak, Eric R

    2010-01-01

    The Quick Urban & Industrial Complex (QUIC) Dispersion Modeling System has been developed to rapidly compute the transport and dispersion of toxic agent releases in the vicinity of buildings. It is composed of an empirical-diagnostic wind solver, an 'urbanized' Lagrangian random-walk model, and a graphical user interface. The code has been used for homeland security and environmental air pollution applications. In this paper, we discuss the wind solver methodology and improvements made to the original Roeckle schemes in order to better capture flow fields in dense built-up areas. The mode1-computed wind and concentration fields are then compared to measurements from several field experiments. Improvements to the QUIC Dispersion Modeling System have been made to account for the inhomogeneous and complex building layouts found in large cities. The logic that has been introduced into the code is described and comparisons of model output to full-scale outdoor urban measurements in Oklahoma City and New York City are given. Although far from perfect, the model agreed fairly well with measurements and in many cases performed equally to CFD codes.

  4. Linear Value Function Approximation Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Ronald

    Linear Value Function Approximation and Linear Models Ronald Parr Duke University Joint work terminology · Various forms of linear value function approximation · Linear approximate model formulation #12;Outline · Introduce terminology · Various forms of linear value function approximation · Linear

  5. Development of a Future Representative Concentration Pathway for Use in the IPCC 5th Assessment Earth System Model Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-12-29

    The representative concentration pathway to be delivered is a scenario of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and other radiatively important atmospheric species, along with land-use changes, derived from the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). The particular representative concentration pathway (RCP) that the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) has been responsible for is a not-to-exceed pathway that stabilizes at a radiative forcing of 4.5Wm-2 in the year 2100.

  6. Low-Cost Heliostat for Modular Systems- Presentation from SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 23–25, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  7. Validation of a comercially available fluorescence-based instrument to evaluate stallion spermatozoal concentration and comparison to photometric systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comerford, Kathryn L.

    2010-01-16

    Counter (NC), flow cytometer (FC), hemacytometer (HEM), Densimeter (DENS) and Spermacue (SC) for epididymal spermatozoa diluted in NaCl (spermatozoal concentrations x 10 6 /mL)................................................ 30 4... Regresion trend lines for NucleoCounter (NC), flow cytometer (FC), hemacytometer (HEM), Densimeter (DENS) and Spermacue (SC) for epididymal spermatozoa diluted in seminal plasma (SP) (spermatozoal concentrations x 10 6 /m...

  8. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer measured by spatial photon migration in CdSe-ZnS quantum dots colloidal systems as a function of concentration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azevedo, G.; Monte, A. F. G.; Reis, A. F.; Messias, D. N.

    2014-11-17

    The study of the spatial photon migration as a function of the concentration brings into attention the problem of the energy transfer in quantum dot embedded systems. By measuring the photon propagation and its spatial dependence, it is possible to understand the whole dynamics in a quantum dot system, and also improve their concentration dependence to maximize energy propagation due to radiative and non-radiative processes. In this work, a confocal microscope was adapted to scan the spatial distribution of photoluminescence from CdSe-ZnS core-shell quantum dots in colloidal solutions. The energy migration between the quantum dots was monitored by the direct measurement of the photon diffusion length, according to the diffusion theory. We observed that the photon migration length decreases by increasing the quantum dot concentration, this kind of behavior has been regarded as a signature of Förster resonance energy transfer in the system.

  9. An Evaluation of a Dual Coriolis Meter System for In-Line Monitoring of Suspended Solids Concentrations in Radioactive Slurries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hylton, T.D.

    2000-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has millions of gallons of radioactive liquid and sludge wastes stored in underground tanks at several of its sites. In order to comply with various regulations and to circumvent potential problems associated with tank integrity, these wastes must be retrieved from the tanks, transferred to treatment facilities (or other storage locations), and processed to stable waste forms. The sludge wastes will typically be mobilized by some mechanical means (e.g., mixer pump, submerged jet) and mixed with the respective supernatants to create slurries that can be transferred by pipeline to the desired destination. Depending on the DOE site, these slurries may be transferred up to six miles. Since the wastes are radioactive, it is critically important for the transfers to be made without plugging a pipeline. To reduce such a risk, the relevant properties of the slurry (e.g., density, suspended solids concentration, viscosity, and particle size distribution) should be determined to be within acceptable limits prior to transfer. These properties should also be continuously monitored and controlled within specified limits while the transfer is in progress. The baseline method for determining the transport properties of slurries involves sampling and analysis; however, this method is time-consuming, and costly, and it does not provide real-time information. In addition, personnel who collect and analyze the samples are exposed to radiation. It is also questionable as to whether a laboratory analyst can obtain representative aliquots from the sample jar for these solid-liquid mixtures. The alternative method for determining the transport properties is in-line analysis. An in-line instrument is one that is connected to the process, analyzes the slurry as it flows through or by the instrument, and provides the results within seconds. This instrument can provide immediate feedback to operators so that, when necessary, the operators can respond quickly to counteract conditions that could lead to pipeline pluggage (e.g., backflushing the pipeline with water). One of the highest priorities is to determine the concentration of suspended solids in each of the slurries. In the project described in this report, two Coriolis meters were used simultaneously to create a suspended solids monitoring system that would provide accurate results with high precision. One Coriolis meter was used to measure the density of the slurry, while the other meter was used to measure the density of the carrier fluid (i.e., after filtration to remove the solid particles). The suspended solids concentration was then calculated from the density relationships between the slurry, the carrier fluid, and the dry solid particles. The latter density was determined by laboratory analysis and was assumed to be constant throughout the periods that grab samples were collected.

  10. Automated micro-tracking planar solar concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallas, Justin Matthew

    2011-01-01

    I : Introduction I.A Concentrated Photovoltaic Systemsconcentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems and their trackingConcentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems use optical

  11. Termination of Linear Programs Ashish Tiwari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwari, Ashish

    Termination of Linear Programs Ashish Tiwari SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Ave, Menlo Park, CA, U.S.A tiwari@csl.sri.com Abstract. We show that termination of a class of linear loop programs is decidable. Linear loop programs are discrete-time linear systems with a loop condition governing termination

  12. Termination of Linear Programs Ashish Tiwari #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwari, Ashish

    Termination of Linear Programs Ashish Tiwari # SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Ave, Menlo Park, CA, U.S.A tiwari@csl.sri.com Abstract. We show that termination of a class of linear loop programs is decidable. Linear loop programs are discrete­time linear systems with a loop condition governing termination

  13. Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study: Reducing Water Consumption of Concentrating Concentrating Solar Power Technologies............................................... 7 Parabolic Troughs of water consumed by concentrating solar power systems." Because of the huge solar resource available

  14. Analysis of concentrating PV-T systems for the commercial/industrial sector. Volume II. PV-T state-of-the-art survey and site/application pair selection and analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwinkendorf, W.E.

    1984-09-01

    As part of a project to develop feasibility assessments, design procedures, and reference designs for total energy systems that could use actively cooled concentrating photovoltaic collectors, a survey was conducted to provide an overview of available photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) technology. General issues associated with the design and installation of a PV-T system are identified. Electrical and thermal efficiencies for the line-focus Fresnel, the linear parabolic trough, and the point-focus Fresnel collectors are specified as a function of operating temperature, ambient temperature, and insolation. For current PV-T technologies, the line-focus Fresnel collector proved to have the highest thermal and electrical efficiencies, lowest array cost, and lowest land area requirement. But a separate feasibility analysis involving 11 site/application pairs showed that for most applications, the cost of the photovoltaic portion of a PV-T system is not recovered through the displacement of an electrical load, and use of a thermal-only system to displace the thermal load would be a more economical alternative. PV-T systems are not feasible for applications that have a small thermal load, a large steam requirement, or a high load return temperature. SAND82-7157/3 identifies the technical issues involved in designing a photovoltaic-thermal system and provides guidance for resolving such issues. Detailed PV-T system designs for three selected applications and the results of a trade-off study for these applications are presented in SAND82-7157/4. A summary of the major results of this entire study and conclusions concerning PV-T systems and applications is presented in SAND82-7157/1.

  15. Predicting residential indoor concentrations of nitrogen dioxide, fine particulate matter, and elemental carbon using questionnaire and geographic information system based data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paciorek, Chris

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Predicting residential indoor concentrations of nitrogen dioxide, fine particulate matter, and elemental carbon using questionnaire and geographic information system based data Lisa Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA Abstract Previous studies have identified associations between traffic

  16. Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.

    2012-04-01

    This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.

  17. Software and codes for analysis of concentrating solar power technologies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, Clifford Kuofei

    2008-12-01

    This report presents a review and evaluation of software and codes that have been used to support Sandia National Laboratories concentrating solar power (CSP) program. Additional software packages developed by other institutions and companies that can potentially improve Sandia's analysis capabilities in the CSP program are also evaluated. The software and codes are grouped according to specific CSP technologies: power tower systems, linear concentrator systems, and dish/engine systems. A description of each code is presented with regard to each specific CSP technology, along with details regarding availability, maintenance, and references. A summary of all the codes is then presented with recommendations regarding the use and retention of the codes. A description of probabilistic methods for uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of concentrating solar power technologies is also provided.

  18. Concentrating photovoltaic solar panel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cashion, Steven A; Bowser, Michael R; Farrelly, Mark B; Hines, Braden E; Holmes, Howard C; Johnson, Jr., Richard L; Russell, Richard J; Turk, Michael F

    2014-04-15

    The present invention relates to photovoltaic power systems, photovoltaic concentrator modules, and related methods. In particular, the present invention features concentrator modules having interior points of attachment for an articulating mechanism and/or an articulating mechanism that has a unique arrangement of chassis members so as to isolate bending, etc. from being transferred among the chassis members. The present invention also features adjustable solar panel mounting features and/or mounting features with two or more degrees of freedom. The present invention also features a mechanical fastener for secondary optics in a concentrator module.

  19. Scattering Solar Thermal Concentrators

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    "This fact sheet describes a scattering solar thermal concentrators project awarded under the DOE's 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power R&D award program. The team, led by the Pennsylvania State University, is working to demonstrate a new, scattering-based approach to concentrating sunlight that aims to improve the overall performance and reliability of the collector field. The research team aims to show that scattering solar thermal collectors are capable of achieving optical performance equal to state-of-the-art parabolic trough systems, but with the added benefits of immunity to wind-load tracking error, more efficient land use, and utilization of stationary receivers."

  20. MANEUVER REGULATION, TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION, AND ZERO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggiore, Manfredi

    MANEUVER REGULATION, TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION, AND ZERO DYNAMICS Chris Nielsen,1 Manfredi focus is on output maneuver regulation where stabilizing transverse dynamics is a key requirement. Keywords: Maneuver regulation, path following, feedback linearization, zero dynamics, non-square systems

  1. The BS degree in Earth and Space Exploration, Concentration in Exploration Systems Design requires the following core courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Laboratory I (1) SES 104 Earth, Solar System, and Universe Laboratory II (1) SES 210 Engineering Systems (3) SES 310 Concepts of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Design (3) SES 330 Practical Electronic and Instrument Assembly (4) SES 405 Exploration Systems Engineering (3) In addition, four elective courses must

  2. Linear induction accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

    1988-06-21

    A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

  3. Master Equation Approach for Quantum Noise in Phase-Insensitive Linear Amplifier based on Resonant Atomic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minchuan Zhou; Zifan Zhou; Selim M. Shahriar

    2015-07-23

    Previously, we had proposed a white-light-cavity signal-recycling (WLC-SR) scheme incorporating a negative dispersive medium (NDM) in the SR cavity and showed an enhancement by a factor of 18 in the sensitivity-bandwidth product. For specific atomic systems, the single channel Caves model (SC-CM) that we used for the quantum noise (QN) due to amplification or absorption in the NDM may not apply. In this paper, we show that for a two-level atomic system, the SC-CM applies only when pure absorption or amplification exists. When the transmission profile of a four-level system has an absorption dip on top of a broad gain peak that results in perfect transparency at the center, the net QN is non-zero but a large, finite value. We also prove that in a Lambda-type EIT system, the QN at zero detuning is zero while the system is in the dark state. Therefore, we propose a Gain-EIT (GEIT) gain system, which has a negative dispersion and also close-to-zero noise at the center. The noise from the GEIT system at the bottom of the dip in the gain profile is not exactly zero and can be characterized by the Transparency Induced Noise Reduction Factor (TINREF), which represents the ratio of the noise in the GEIT system to that in the four-level system at the bottom of the dip in the gain profile. We show that the GEIT system with a small enough TINREF can be used as the NDM in the WLC-SR.

  4. Master Equation Approach for Quantum Noise in Phase-Insensitive Linear Amplifier based on Resonant Atomic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Minchuan; Shahriar, Selim M

    2015-01-01

    Previously, we had proposed a white-light-cavity signal-recycling (WLC-SR) scheme incorporating a negative dispersive medium (NDM) in the SR cavity and showed an enhancement in the sensitivity-bandwidth product. For specific atomic systems, the single channel Caves model (SC-CM) that we used for the quantum noise (QN) due to amplification or absorption in the NDM may not apply. In this paper, we show that for a two-level atomic system, the SC-CM applies only when pure absorption or amplification exists. When the transmission profile of a four-level system has an absorption dip on top of a broad gain peak that results in perfect transparency at the center, the net QN is non-zero but a large, finite value. We also prove that in a Lambda-type EIT system, the QN at zero detuning is zero while the system is in the dark state. Therefore, we propose a Gain-EIT (GEIT) gain system, which has a negative dispersion needed for the WLC-SR scheme, but with nearly vanishing noise at the center.

  5. Analysis of concentrating PV-T systems for the commercial/industrial sector. Volume III. Technical issues and design guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwinkendorf, W.E.

    1984-09-01

    This report provide appropriate guidance for addressing the major technical issues associated with the design and installation of a photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) system. Nomographs are presented for developing preliminary sizing and costing, and issues associated with specific components and the overall design of the electrical and mechanical system are discussed. SAND82-7157/2 presents a review of current PV-T technology and operating systems and a study of potential PV-T applications. Detailed PV-T system designs for three selected applications and the results of a trade-off study for these applications are presented in SAND82-7157/4. A summary of the major results of this entire study and conclusions concerning PV-T systems and applications is presented in SAND82-7157/1.

  6. SU-E-T-555: A Protontherapy Inverse Treatment Planning System Prototype with Linear Energy Transfer (LET) Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez-Parcerisa, D; Carabe-Fernandez, A

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Develop and benchmark an inverse treatment planning system (TPS) for proton radiotherapy integrating fast analytical dose and LET calculations in patient geometries and a dual objective function with both dose and LET components, enabling us to apply optimization techniques to improve the predicted outcome of treatments based on radiobiological models. Methods: The software package was developed in MATLAB and implements a fluence-dose calculation technique based on a pencil beam model for dose calculations and a 3D LET model based on the extension of the LET in the radial direction as a function of the predicted radiological pathway. Both models were benchmarked against commissioning data from our institution, dose calculations performed with a commercial treatment planning system and Monte Carlo simulations. The optimization is based on the adaptive simulated annealing approach . Results: The dose and LET calculations were tested in a water phantom and several real patient treatments. The pass rate for the gamma index analysis (3%/3mm) test was above 90% for all test cases analyzed, and the calculation time was of the order of seconds. The inverse planning module produced plans with a significantly higher mean LET in the target compared to traditional plans, without any loss of target coverage. The clinical relevance of this improvement is under consideration . Conclusion: The developed treatment planning system is a valuable clinical and research tool that enables us to incorporate LET effects into proton radiotherapy planning in a streamlined fashion.

  7. Airborne agent concentration analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gelbard, Fred

    2004-02-03

    A method and system for inferring airborne contaminant concentrations in rooms without contaminant sensors, based on data collected by contaminant sensors in other rooms of a building, using known airflow interconnectivity data. The method solves a least squares problem that minimizes the difference between measured and predicted contaminant sensor concentrations with respect to an unknown contaminant release time. Solutions are constrained to providing non-negative initial contaminant concentrations in all rooms. The method can be used to identify a near-optimal distribution of sensors within the building, when then number of available sensors is less than the total number of rooms. This is achieved by having a system-sensor matrix that is non-singular, and by selecting that distribution which yields the lowest condition number of all the distributions considered. The method can predict one or more contaminant initial release points from the collected data.

  8. Is there a use for linear logic? Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    Is there a use for linear logic Past attempts to apply Girard's linear logicihavemplemented Wadler's system [Wa* *k90 ].) either had, Wadler), but not both. Thisguage that corresponds closely t* *o linear logic; it is a paper defines

  9. The Marketing Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    The Marketing Concentration The Manning School of Business www.uml.edu/management Who We Are, management, management information systems, marketing and supply chain and operations management we provide education possible." -- Andy Hwang Marketing Major "I chose UMass Lowell because of its high level

  10. System and method for generating micro-seismic events and characterizing properties of a medium with non-linear acoustic interactions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vu, Cung Khac; Nihei, Kurt; Johnson, Paul A.; Guyer, Robert; Ten Cate, James A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves; Larmat, Carene S.

    2015-12-29

    A method and system includes generating a first coded acoustic signal including pulses each having a modulated signal at a central frequency; and a second coded acoustic signal each pulse of which includes a modulated signal a central frequency of which is a fraction d of the central frequency of the modulated signal for the corresponding pulse in the first plurality of pulses. A receiver detects a third signal generated by a non-linear mixing process in the mixing zone and the signal is processed to extract the third signal to obtain an emulated micro-seismic event signal occurring at the mixing zone; and to characterize properties of the medium or creating a 3D image of the properties of the medium, or both, based on the emulated micro-seismic event signal.

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 6, JUNE 2006 1087 SILCA: SPICE-Accurate Iterative Linear-Centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, C.-J. Richard

    --A new circuit analysis method, named SPICE- accurate iterative linear-centric analysis (SILCA 2006 1087 SILCA: SPICE-Accurate Iterative Linear-Centric Analysis for Efficient Time-Domain Simulation integrated (VLSI) circuits with strong parasitic couplings. SILCA consists of two key linear-centric tech

  12. The Microscopic Linear Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear Dynamics Exponentials Matrix Exponential Eigendecomposition References The Microscopic Brain Will Penny 7th April 2011 #12;The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear;The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear Dynamics Exponentials Matrix Exponential Eigendecomposition

  13. Acoustic emission linear pulse holography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Collins, H.D.; Busse, L.J.; Lemon, D.K.

    1983-10-25

    This device relates to the concept of and means for performing Acoustic Emission Linear Pulse Holography, which combines the advantages of linear holographic imaging and Acoustic Emission into a single non-destructive inspection system. This unique system produces a chronological, linear holographic image of a flaw by utilizing the acoustic energy emitted during crack growth. The innovation is the concept of utilizing the crack-generated acoustic emission energy to generate a chronological series of images of a growing crack by applying linear, pulse holographic processing to the acoustic emission data. The process is implemented by placing on a structure an array of piezoelectric sensors (typically 16 or 32 of them) near the defect location. A reference sensor is placed between the defect and the array.

  14. Math 351: Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Math 351: Linear Algebra. Text: Elementary Linear Algebra (by me). Instructor: Richard Penney. Office: 822 Mathematics Building Phone: 49--41968. E-mail: ...

  15. Propagation of ion-acoustic solitons in an electron beam-superthermal plasma system with finite ion-temperature: Linear and fully nonlinear investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saberian, E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Neyshabur, Neyshabur (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Esfandyari-Kalejahi, A.; Rastkar-Ebrahimzadeh, A.; Afsari-Ghazi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    The propagation of ion-acoustic (IA) solitons is studied in a plasma system, comprised of warm ions and superthermal (Kappa distributed) electrons in the presence of an electron-beam by using a hydrodynamic model. In the linear analysis, it is seen that increasing the superthermality lowers the phase speed of the IA waves. On the other hand, in a fully nonlinear investigation, the Mach number range and characteristics of IA solitons are analyzed, parametrically and numerically. It is found that the accessible region for the existence of IA solitons reduces with increasing the superthermality. However, IA solitons with both negative and positive polarities can coexist in the system. Additionally, solitary waves with both subsonic and supersonic speeds are predicted in the plasma, depending on the value of ion-temperature and the superthermality of electrons in the system. It is examined that there are upper critical values for beam parameters (i.e., density and velocity) after which, IA solitary waves could not propagate in the plasma. Furthermore, a typical interaction between IA waves and the electron-beam in the plasma is confirmed.

  16. Modelling acceptance of sunlight in high and low photovoltaic concentration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leutz, Ralf

    2014-09-26

    A simple model incorporating linear radiation characteristics, along with the optical trains and geometrical concentration ratios of solar concentrators is presented with performance examples for optical trains of HCPV, LCPV and benchmark flat-plate PV.

  17. Development of a concentrating solar power system using fluidized-bed technology for thermal energy conversion and solid particles for thermal energy storage

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Z.; Mehos, M.; Glatzmaier, G.; Sakadjian, B. B.

    2015-05-01

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) is an effective way to convert solar energy into electricity with an economic energy-storage capability for grid-scale, dispatchable renewable power generation. However, CSP plants need to reduce costs to be competitive with other power generation methods. Two ways to reduce CSP cost are to increase solar-to-electric efficiency by supporting a high-efficiency power conversion system, and to use low-cost materials in the system. The current nitrate-based molten-salt systems have limited potential for cost reduction and improved power-conversion efficiency with high operating temperatures. Even with significant improvements in operating performance, these systems face challenges in satisfying the costmore »and performance targets. This paper introduces a novel CSP system with high-temperature capability that can be integrated into a high-efficiency CSP plant and that meets the low-cost, high-performance CSP targets. Unlike a conventional salt-based CSP plant, this design uses gas/solid, two-phase flow as the heat-transfer fluid (HTF); separated solid particles as storage media; and stable, inexpensive materials for the high-temperature receiver and energy storage containment. We highlight the economic and performance benefits of this innovative CSP system design, which has thermal energy storage capability for base-load power generation.« less

  18. The design and performance of a water cooling system for a prototype coupled cavity linear particle accelerator for the spallation neutron source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernardin, J. D. (John D.); Ammerman, C. N. (Curtt N.); Hopkins, S. M. (Steve M.)

    2002-01-01

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a facility being designed for scientific and industrial research and development. The SNS will generate and employ neutrons as a research tool in a variety of disciplines including biology, material science, superconductivity, chemistry, etc. The neutrons will be produced by bombarding a heavy metal target with a high-energy beam of protons, generated and accelerated with a linear particle accelerator, or linac. The low energy end of the linac consists of, in part, a multi-cell copper structure termed a coupled cavity linac (CCL). The CCL is responsible for accelerating the protons from an energy of 87 MeV, to 185 MeV. Acceleration of the charged protons is achieved by the use of large electrical field gradients established within specially designed contoured cavities of the CCL. While a large amount of the electrical energy is used to accelerate the protons, approximately 60-80% of this electrical energy is dissipated in the CCL's copper structure. To maintain an acceptable operating temperature, as well as minimize thermal stresses and maintain desired contours of the accelerator cavities, the electrical waste heat must be removed from the CCL structure. This is done using specially designed water cooling passages within the linac's copper structure. Cooling water is supplied to these cooling passages by a complex water cooling and temperature control system. This paper discusses the design, analysis, and testing of a water cooling system for a prototype CCL. First, the design concept and method of water temperature control is discussed. Second, the layout of the prototype water cooling system, including the selection of plumbing components, instrumentation, as well as controller hardware and software is presented. Next, the development of a numerical network model used to size the pump, heat exchanger, and plumbing equipment, is discussed. Finally, empirical pressure, flow rate, and temperature data from the prototype CCL water cooling tests are used to assess water cooling system performance and numerical modeling accuracy.

  19. Dereverberation by linear systems techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schell, John August

    1970-01-01

    and thus the behavior of the water model is determined. In a similar manner, all the co. fiicients of the imouls. . response of the earth are determined. VI, CONCLUSION This thesis has developed a linea?, recursive model for a reverb rating =ystem...

  20. Non-linear adaptive robust control of electro-hydraulic systems driven by double-rod actuators BIN YAO{*. FANPING BU{ and GEORGE T. C. CHIU{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    -linearities due to directional change of valve opening, friction and valve overlap. Aside from the non, directional change of valve opening, friction, and valve overlap. Aside from the non-linear nature uncertainties, such as the external disturbances, leakage, and friction, cannot be modelled exactly and the non

  1. Scattering Solar Thermal Concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giebink, Noel C.

    2015-01-31

    This program set out to explore a scattering-based approach to concentrate sunlight with the aim of improving collector field reliability and of eliminating wind loading and gross mechanical movement through the use of a stationary collection optic. The approach is based on scattering sunlight from the focal point of a fixed collection optic into the confined modes of a sliding planar waveguide, where it is transported to stationary tubular heat transfer elements located at the edges. Optical design for the first stage of solar concentration, which entails focusing sunlight within a plane over a wide range of incidence angles (>120 degree full field of view) at fixed tilt, led to the development of a new, folded-path collection optic that dramatically out-performs the current state-of-the-art in scattering concentration. Rigorous optical simulation and experimental testing of this collection optic have validated its performance. In the course of this work, we also identified an opportunity for concentrating photovoltaics involving the use of high efficiency microcells made in collaboration with partners at the University of Illinois. This opportunity exploited the same collection optic design as used for the scattering solar thermal concentrator and was therefore pursued in parallel. This system was experimentally demonstrated to achieve >200x optical concentration with >70% optical efficiency over a full day by tracking with <1 cm of lateral movement at fixed latitude tilt. The entire scattering concentrator waveguide optical system has been simulated, tested, and assembled at small scale to verify ray tracing models. These models were subsequently used to predict the full system optical performance at larger, deployment scale ranging up to >1 meter aperture width. Simulations at an aperture widths less than approximately 0.5 m with geometric gains ~100x predict an overall optical efficiency in the range 60-70% for angles up to 50 degrees from normal. However, the concentrator optical efficiency was found to decrease significantly with increasing aperture width beyond 0.5 m due to parasitic waveguide out-coupling loss and low-level absorption that become dominant at larger scale. A heat transfer model was subsequently implemented to predict collector fluid heat gain and outlet temperature as a function of flow rate using the optical model as a flux input. It was found that the aperture width size limitation imposed by the optical efficiency characteristics of the waveguide limits the absolute optical power delivered to the heat transfer element per unit length. As compared to state-of-the-art parabolic trough CPV system aperture widths approaching 5 m, this limitation leads to an approximate factor of order of magnitude increase in heat transfer tube length to achieve the same heat transfer fluid outlet temperature. The conclusion of this work is that scattering solar thermal concentration cannot be implemented at the scale and efficiency required to compete with the performance of current parabolic trough CSP systems. Applied within the alternate context of CPV, however, the results of this work have likely opened up a transformative new path that enables quasi-static, high efficiency CPV to be implemented on rooftops in the form factor of traditional fixed-panel photovoltaics.

  2. A Bayesian Approach to Empirical Local Linearization For Robotics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ting, Jo-Anne; D'Souza, Aaron; Vijayakumar, Sethu; Schaal, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    Local linearizations are ubiquitous in the control of robotic systems. Analytical methods, if available, can be used to obtain the linearization, but in complex robotics systems where the dynamics and kinematics are ...

  3. Bayesian Nonparametric Inference of Switching Dynamic Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Emily Beth

    Many complex dynamical phenomena can be effectively modeled by a system that switches among a set of conditionally linear dynamical modes. We consider two such models: the switching linear dynamical system (SLDS) and the ...

  4. Process for concentrated biomass saccharification

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hennessey, Susan M. (Avondale, PA); Seapan, Mayis (Landenberg, PA); Elander, Richard T. (Evergreen, CO); Tucker, Melvin P. (Lakewood, CO)

    2010-10-05

    Processes for saccharification of pretreated biomass to obtain high concentrations of fermentable sugars are provided. Specifically, a process was developed that uses a fed batch approach with particle size reduction to provide a high dry weight of biomass content enzymatic saccharification reaction, which produces a high sugars concentration hydrolysate, using a low cost reactor system.

  5. Chapter 5. MultiFPGA System Hardware In Chapter 3 we discussed the applications of multiFPGA systems, and concentrated on logic emulation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauck, Scott

    is the inter­chip routing, this waste of resources may be more than made up for by greater logic utilization mesh­based systems have been built [Kean92, Shaw93, Bergmann94, Blickle94, Tessier94, Yamada94 also been built [Gokhale90, Raimbault93, Monaghan94]. More details on mesh topologies can be found

  6. Design of inflatable solar concentrator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrasquillo, Omar (Omar Y. Carrasquillo De Armas)

    2013-01-01

    Solar concentrators improve the performance of solar collection systems by increasing the amount of usable energy available for a given collector size. Unfortunately, they are not known for their light weight and portability, ...

  7. Reversible concentric ring microfluidic interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Mary Kathryn, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    A reversible, Chip-to-Chip microfluidic interconnect was designed for use in high temperature, high pressure applications such as chemical microreactor systems. The interconnect uses two sets of concentric, interlocking ...

  8. Concentrated solar power on demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Codd, Daniel Shawn

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes a new concentrating solar power central receiver system with integral thermal storage. Hillside mounted heliostats direct sunlight into a volumetric absorption molten salt pool, which also functions ...

  9. Introduction to Linear Relaxations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction to Linear Relaxations by R. Baker Kearfott Department of Mathematics University relaxations; . discuss validation of linear relaxations. Intro. Linear Relaxations December, 2003 Taylor, . . . , m 2 , where # : R n # R and c i , g i : R n # R are guaranteed to be within one of the x # that has

  10. Linear Models Joint Likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Hierarchy Will Penny Linear Models Joint Likelihood First Layer Activity Predictive Coding Update Update Connectivity References Hierarchy Will Penny 24th March 2011 #12;Hierarchy Will Penny Linear x1 = W2x2 + e2 #12;Hierarchy Will Penny Linear Models Joint Likelihood First Layer Activity

  11. Assumptions that imply quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan

    2006-01-26

    A basic linearity of quantum dynamics, that density matrices are mapped linearly to density matrices, is proved very simply for a system that does not interact with anything else. It is assumed that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system. The basic linearity is linked with previously established results to complete a simple derivation of the linear Schrodinger equation. For this it is assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease.

  12. Concentrating Solar Power Forum Concentrating Photovoltaics (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, S.

    2008-05-06

    This presentation's summaries: a convenient truth, comparison of three concentrator technologies, value of high efficiency, and status of industry.

  13. APPENDIX 475 C. Some Results from Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajic, Zoran

    APPENDIX 475 C. Some Results from Linear Algebra Linear algebra plays a very important role some standard and important linear algebra results. Definite Matrices Definition C.1: A square matrix of dimensions 798A@ is the space spanned by vectors B that satisfy CDBFEHG . Systems of Linear Algebraic

  14. Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng

    2015-07-09

    The goal of this project is to demonstrate in the lab that solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs) can exceed 10% solar-to-electricity efficiency, and STEGs can be integrated with phase-change materials (PCM) for thermal storage, providing operation beyond daylight hours. This project achieved significant progress in many tasks necessary to achieving the overall project goals. An accurate Themoelectric Generator (TEG) model was developed, which included realistic treatment of contact materials, contact resistances and radiative losses. In terms of fabricating physical TEGs, high performance contact materials for skutterudite TE segments were developed, along with brazing and soldering methods to assemble segmented TEGs. Accurate measurement systems for determining device performance (in addition to just TE material performance) were built for this project and used to characterize our TEGs. From the optical components’ side, a spectrally selective cermet surface was developed with high solar absorptance and low thermal emittance, with thermal stability at high temperature. A measurement technique was also developed to determine absorptance and total hemispherical emittance at high temperature, and was used to characterize the fabricated spectrally selective surfaces. In addition, a novel reflective cavity was designed to reduce radiative absorber losses and achieve high receiver efficiency at low concentration ratios. A prototype cavity demonstrated that large reductions in radiative losses were possible through this technique. For the overall concentrating STEG system, a number of devices were fabricated and tested in a custom built test platform to characterize their efficiency performance. Additionally, testing was performed with integration of PCM thermal storage, and the storage time of the lab scale system was evaluated. Our latest testing results showed a STEG efficiency of 9.6%, indicating promising potential for high performance concentrated STEGs.

  15. Fast linear algebra is stable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demmel, James; Holtz, Olga; Dumitriu, Ioana

    2007-01-01

    than other basic linear algebra subroutines. AcknowledgmentsApplied Numerical Linear Algebra. SIAM, 1997. [23] J.algorithms in numerical linear algebra. SIAM Review, 20:740–

  16. Modeling of concentrating solar thermoelectric generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng

    The conversion of solar power into electricity is dominated by non-concentrating photovoltaics and concentrating solar thermal systems. Recently, it has been shown that solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs) are a viable ...

  17. Why quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan

    2007-02-16

    Quantum dynamics is linear. How do we know? From theory or experiment? The history of this question is reviewed. Nonlinear generalizations of quantum mechanics have been proposed. They predict small but clear nonlinear effects, which very accurate experiments have not seen. Is there a reason in principle why nonlinearity is not found? Is it impossible? Does quantum dynamics have to be linear? Attempts to prove this have not been decisive, because either their assumptions are not compelling or their arguments are not conclusive. The question has been left unsettled. There is a simple answer, based on a simple assumption. It was found in two steps separated by 44 years. They are steps back to simpler and more compelling assumptions. A proof of the assumptions of the Wigner-Bargmann proof has been known since 1962. It assumes that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. For this step, it is also assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease. In a step taken in 2006, it is proved that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. It is assumed, as in the earlier step, that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics, so the question is only about how things change in time. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system, but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system.

  18. Linear phase compressive filter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1995-06-06

    A phase linear filter for soliton suppression is in the form of a laddered series of stages of non-commensurate low pass filters with each low pass filter having a series coupled inductance (L) and a reverse biased, voltage dependent varactor diode, to ground which acts as a variable capacitance (C). L and C values are set to levels which correspond to a linear or conventional phase linear filter. Inductance is mapped directly from that of an equivalent nonlinear transmission line and capacitance is mapped from the linear case using a large signal equivalent of a nonlinear transmission line. 2 figs.

  19. MATH 511: Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. T. Moh

    2015-01-20

    Linear algebra is second only to calcu lus/differential equations in terms of mathematics of importance to engineering applications. The goal of this course is to ...

  20. Concentrating Photovoltaics (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, S.

    2009-01-20

    Solar is growing rapidly, and the concentrating photovoltaics industry-both high- and low-concentration cell approaches-may be ready to ramp production in 2009.

  1. Optical oxygen concentration monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kebabian, P.

    1997-07-22

    A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen`s A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2,000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest. 4 figs.

  2. Optical oxygen concentration monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kebabian, Paul (Acton, MA)

    1997-01-01

    A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen's A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest.

  3. PVT -- A photovoltaic/thermal concentrator total energy system: Final phase 1 project report. Building opportunities in the U.S. for photovoltaics (PV:BONUS) Two

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-31

    United Solar completed its Phase 1 report and its proposal for Phase 2 of the PVBONUS Two program at the end of March 1998. At the same time, it also completed and submitted a proposal to the California Energy Commission PIER program for additional funding to cost-share development and testing of a pre-production model of the PVT-14. It was unsuccessful in both of these proposed efforts. While waiting for the proposal decisions, work continued in April and May to analyze the system design and component decisions described below. This document is a final summation report on the Phase 1 effort of the PVBONUS Two program that describes the key technical issues that United Solar and its subcontractor, Industrial Solar Technology Corporation, worked on in preparation of a Phase 2 award. The decisions described were ones that will guide the design and fabrication of a pre-production prototype of a 1500:1 mirrored concentrator with gallium arsenide cells when United solar resumes its development work. The material below is organized by citing the key components that underwent a design review, what the company considered, what was decided, the name of the expected supplier, if not to be produced in-house, and some information about expected costs. The cost figures given are usually budgetary estimates, not the result of firm quotations or extensive analysis.

  4. Using Linearity Web Copyright 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    Using Linearity Web Rev. 2.0 May 2007 Copyright © 2007 #12;Using Linearity Web i Contents Introduction to Linearity Web.............................................................................1 Features, Benefits, and Value of Linearity Web..............................................1 Before You

  5. 1736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--I: REGULAR PAPERS, VOL. 58, NO. 8, AUGUST 2011 Analysis of Power Consumption and Linearity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serdijn, Wouter A.

    binary-weighted structures, the linearity requirements impose much larger unit capacitance during the conversion phase. During the conversion phase, the SAR and control logic perform a binary analog input signal . In other words, during the first clock cycle in the conversion phase the comparator

  6. Linearization using Digital Predistortion of a High-Speed, Pulsed, Radio Frequency Power Amplifier for VHF Radar Depth-Sounder Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Player, Kevin

    2010-03-29

    and dangerous. Thus, CReSIS is developing uninhabited aerial vehicles (UAVs) from which fine-resolution measurements can be made over vast areas. These fine-resolution measurements require highly linear power amplifiers (PAs) to create low range side-lobe levels...

  7. Linear accelerator for radioisotope production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansborough, L.D.; Hamm, R.W.; Stovall, J.E.

    1982-02-01

    A 200- to 500-..mu..A source of 70- to 90-MeV protons would be a valuable asset to the nuclear medicine program. A linear accelerator (linac) can achieve this performance, and it can be extended to even higher energies and currents. Variable energy and current options are available. A 70-MeV linac is described, based on recent innovations in linear accelerator technology; it would be 27.3 m long and cost approx. $6 million. By operating the radio-frequency (rf) power system at a level necessary to produce a 500-..mu..A beam current, the cost of power deposited in the radioisotope-production target is comparable with existing cyclotrons. If the rf-power system is operated at full power, the same accelerator is capable of producing an 1140-..mu..A beam, and the cost per beam watt on the target is less than half that of comparable cyclotrons.

  8. Super Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2008-07-18

    In this book, the authors introduce the notion of Super linear algebra and super vector spaces using the definition of super matrices defined by Horst (1963). This book expects the readers to be well-versed in linear algebra. Many theorems on super linear algebra and its properties are proved. Some theorems are left as exercises for the reader. These new class of super linear algebras which can be thought of as a set of linear algebras, following a stipulated condition, will find applications in several fields using computers. The authors feel that such a paradigm shift is essential in this computerized world. Some other structures ought to replace linear algebras which are over a century old. Super linear algebras that use super matrices can store data not only in a block but in multiple blocks so it is certainly more powerful than the usual matrices. This book has 3 chapters. Chapter one introduces the notion of super vector spaces and enumerates a number of properties. Chapter two defines the notion of super linear algebra, super inner product spaces and super bilinear forms. Several interesting properties are derived. The main application of these new structures in Markov chains and Leontief economic models are also given in this chapter. The final chapter suggests 161 problems mainly to make the reader understand this new concept and apply them.

  9. Empirical Bayes Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta Rule Maximum Likelihood Augmented Form ReML Objective Function References Empirical Bayes Will Penny 3rd March 2011 #12;Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta

  10. Winding for linear pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kliman, G.B.; Brynsvold, G.V.; Jahns, T.M.

    1989-08-22

    A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium are disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet. 4 figs.

  11. National solar technology roadmap: Concentrator PV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, Dan

    2007-06-01

    This roadmap addresses high-concentration (>10x) photovoltaic (PV) systems, incorporating high-efficiency III-V or silicon cells, trackers, and reflective or refractive optics.

  12. The osmotic pressure of charged colloidal suspensions: A unified approach to linearized Poisson-Boltzmann theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Deserno; Hans-Hennig von Grunberg

    2002-02-02

    We study theoretically the osmotic pressure of a suspension of charged objects (e.g., colloids, polyelectrolytes, clay platelets, etc.) dialyzed against an electrolyte solution using the cell model and linear Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) theory. From the volume derivative of the grand potential functional of linear theory we obtain two novel expressions for the osmotic pressure in terms of the potential- or ion-profiles, neither of which coincides with the expression known from nonlinear PB theory, namely, the density of microions at the cell boundary. We show that the range of validity of linearization depends strongly on the linearization point and proof that expansion about the selfconsistently determined average potential is optimal in several respects. For instance, screening inside the suspension is automatically described by the actual ionic strength, resulting in the correct asymptotics at high colloid concentration. Together with the analytical solution of the linear PB equation for cell models of arbitrary dimension and electrolyte composition explicit and very general formulas for the osmotic pressure ensue. A comparison with nonlinear PB theory is provided. Our analysis also shows that whether or not linear theory predicts a phase separation depends crucially on the precise definition of the pressure, showing that an improper choice could predict an artificial phase separation in systems as important as DNA in physiological salt solution.

  13. Combined effect of chemical pressure and valence electron concentration through the electron-deficient Li substitution on the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nam, Gnu; Jeon, Jieun; Kim, Youngjo; Kwon Kang, Sung; Ahn, Kyunghan; You, Tae-Soo

    2013-09-15

    Four members of the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system have been prepared by high-temperature reaction method and characterized by X-ray diffractions. All compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure (space group Pnma, Pearson code oP16) with bonding interactions for interslab Ge{sub 2} dimers. The Li substitution for rare-earth elements in the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} system leads to a combined effect of the increased chemical pressure and the decreased valance electron concentration (VEC), which eventually results in the structure transformation from the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type with all broken interslab Ge–Ge bond for the parental RE{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} to the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure for the ternary RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system. Site-preference between rare-earth metals and Li is proven to generate energetically the most favorable atomic arrangements according to coloring-problem, and the rationale is provided using both the size-factor and the electronic-factor related, respectively, to site-volume and electronegativity as well as QVAL values. Tight-binding, linear-muffin-tin-orbital (TB-LMTO) calculations are performed to investigate electronic densities of states (DOS) and crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) curves. The influence of reduced VEC for chemical bonding including the formation of interslab Ge{sub 2} dimers is also discussed. The magnetic property measurements prove that the non-magnetic Li substitution leads to the ferromagnetic (FM)-like ground state for Ce{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} and the co-existence of antiferromagntic (AFM) and FM ground states for Sm{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4}. - Graphical abstract: Reported is a combined effect of the chemical pressure and the reduced VEC caused by the smaller monovalent non-magnetic Li substitution for the larger trivalent magnetic rare-earth metals in the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system. This results in the structure transformation from the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type to the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure and the changes in magnetic properties. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Four Li-containing intermetallic compounds RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr and Sm) were synthesized. • The combined effect of the chemical pressure and the reduced VEC caused by Li substitution for a rare-earth metal results in the structure transformation. • Electronic structures and magnetic properties of title compounds were thoroughly investigated.

  14. Lectures on Linear Algebra over Division Ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleks Kleyn

    2014-10-11

    In this book i treat linear algebra over division ring. A system of linear equations over a division ring has properties similar to properties of a system of linear equations over a field. However, noncommutativity of a product creates a new picture. Matrices allow two products linked by transpose. Biring is algebra which defines on the set two correlated structures of the ring. As in the commutative case, solutions of a system of linear equations build up right or left vector space depending on type of system. We study vector spaces together with the system of linear equations because their properties have a close relationship. As in a commutative case, the group of automorphisms of a vector space has a single transitive representation on a frame manifold. This gives us an opportunity to introduce passive and active representations. Studying a vector space over a division ring uncovers new details in the relationship between passive and active transformations, makes this picture clearer. Considering of twin representations of division ring in Abelian group leads to the concept of D vector space and their linear map. Based on polyadditive map I considered definition of tensor product of rings and tensor product of D vector spaces.

  15. Linearly parameterized bandits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsitsiklis, John N.

    We consider bandit problems involving a large (possibly infinite) collection of arms, in which the expected reward of each arm is a linear function of an r-dimensional random vector Z ? ?(superscript r), where r ? 2. The ...

  16. The International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jim Brau; Paul Grannis; Mike Harrison; Michael Peskin; Marc Ross; Harry Weerts

    2013-04-09

    We present a brief summary of the International Linear Collider as documented in the 2013 Technical Design Report. The Technical Design Report has detailed descriptions of the accelerator baseline design for a 500 GeV e+e- linear collider, the R&D program that has demonstrated its feasibility, the physics goals and expected sensitivities, and the description of the ILD and SiD detectors and their capabilities.

  17. This book is designed to be a comprehensive treatment of parallel al gorithms for optimal control of large scale linear and bilinear systems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajic, Zoran

    ­ tion column, steam power system, hydro power plant, chemical plants, gas absorber, supported beam

  18. Concentrating Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-09-01

    Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its concentrating solar power subprogram.

  19. Linear and nonlinear response functions of the Morse oscillator: Classical divergence and the uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Jianshu

    Linear and nonlinear response functions of the Morse oscillator: Classical divergence the linear and nonlinear quantum response functions for microcanonical Morse systems and to demonstrate the linear divergence in the corresponding classical response function. On the basis of the uncertainty

  20. Knowledge representation and integration for portfolio evaluation using linear belief functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Liping; Shenoy, Catherine; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2006-07-01

    In this paper, we propose a linear belief function approach to evaluating portfolio performance. By drawing on the notion of linear belief functions, we propose an elementary approach to knowledge representation for expert systems using linear...

  1. Development of the SEA Corporation Powergrid{trademark} photovoltaic concentrator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaminar, N.; Curchod, D.; Daroczi, S.; Walpert, M.; Sahagian, J.; Pepper, J. [Photovoltaics International, LLC, Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report covers the three phase effort to bring the SEA Corporation`s Powergrid{trademark} from the concept stage to pilot production. The three phases of this contract covered component development, prototype module development, and pilot line production. The Powergrid is a photovoltaic concentrator that generates direct current electricity directly from sunlight using a linear Fresnel lens. Analysis has shown that the Powergrid has the potential to be very low cost in volume production. Before the start of the project, only proof of concept demonstrations of the components had been completed. During the project, SEA Corporation developed a low cost extruded Fresnel lens, a low cost receiver assembly using one sun type cells, a low cost plastic module housing, a single axis tracking system and frame structure, and pilot production equipment and techniques. In addition, an 800 kW/yr pilot production rate was demonstrated and two 40 kW systems were manufactured and installed.

  2. Lasers and Optical Engineering Concentration Technical Electives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    Control Systems 4 ECE 312 with a grade of C- or better F ECE412 Digital Control and Digital Filters 3 ECE Design Laboratory 1 Concurrent registration in ECE 451 F ECE451 Digital System Design 3 ECE 102/MECH570 Bioengineering 3 MECH 307; MECH 324 S ECE312 Linear Systems Analysis II 3 ECE311 S ECE411

  3. Math 511 Linear Algebra with Applications. Text: Linear Algebra and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaroslaw Wlodarczyk

    2007-12-15

    Math 511 Linear Algebra with Applications. This is a Linear Algebra course primarily for graduate engineering students. Enclosed is a sample outline which is ...

  4. The Power of Linear Functions Sandra Alves1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Maribel

    The Power of Linear Functions Sandra Alves1 , Maribel Fern´andez2 , M´ario Florido1 , and Ian weak in terms of expres- sive power: in particular, all functions terminate in linear time properties of this linear version of G¨odel's System T and study the class of functions that can

  5. Existence of piecewise linear Lyapunov functions in arbitrary dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr

    Existence of piecewise linear Lyapunov functions in arbitrary dimensions Peter Giesl Department/Hafstein (2010) the exis- tence of a piecewise linear Lyapunov function was shown, and in Giesl/Hafstein (subm-dimensional systems. This paper generalises the existence of piecewise linear Lyapunov functions to arbitrary

  6. System and method to create three-dimensional images of non-linear acoustic properties in a region remote from a borehole

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vu, Cung; Nihei, Kurt T.; Schmitt, Denis P.; Skelt, Christopher; Johnson, Paul A.; Guyer, Robert; TenCate, James A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves

    2013-01-01

    In some aspects of the disclosure, a method for creating three-dimensional images of non-linear properties and the compressional to shear velocity ratio in a region remote from a borehole using a conveyed logging tool is disclosed. In some aspects, the method includes arranging a first source in the borehole and generating a steered beam of elastic energy at a first frequency; arranging a second source in the borehole and generating a steerable beam of elastic energy at a second frequency, such that the steerable beam at the first frequency and the steerable beam at the second frequency intercept at a location away from the borehole; receiving at the borehole by a sensor a third elastic wave, created by a three wave mixing process, with a frequency equal to a difference between the first and second frequencies and a direction of propagation towards the borehole; determining a location of a three wave mixing region based on the arrangement of the first and second sources and on properties of the third wave signal; and creating three-dimensional images of the non-linear properties using data recorded by repeating the generating, receiving and determining at a plurality of azimuths, inclinations and longitudinal locations within the borehole. The method is additionally used to generate three dimensional images of the ratio of compressional to shear acoustic velocity of the same volume surrounding the borehole.

  7. 6, 74277469, 2006 Linear ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 7427­7469, 2006 Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Evaluation of linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction

  8. I. K. Konstantopoulos, P. J. Antsaklis, "Robust Stability of Linear Continuous and Discrete-Time Systems under Parametric Uncertainty," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    -Time Systems under Parametric Uncertainty," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-94-006, Univ of Notre Dame, March 1994. #12;I. K. Konstantopoulos, P. J," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-94-006, Univ

  9. Linear Algebra: Ideas and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Algebra: Ideas and Applications. [photo]. Welcome to the web page for Linear Algebra: Idaes and Applications by Richard Penney. This web site is ...

  10. The Klynac: An Integrated Klystron and Linear Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, J. M., Schwellenbach, D., Meidinger, A.

    2012-08-07

    The Klynac concept integrates an electron gun, a radio frequency (RF) power source, and a coupled-cavity linear accelerator into a single resonant system

  11. Linear and angular retroreflecting interferometric alignment target

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maxey, L. Curtis (Powell, TN)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention provides a method and apparatus for measuring both the linear displacement and angular displacement of an object using a linear interferometer system and an optical target comprising a lens, a reflective surface and a retroreflector. The lens, reflecting surface and retroreflector are specifically aligned and fixed in optical connection with one another, creating a single optical target which moves as a unit that provides multi-axis displacement information for the object with which it is associated. This displacement information is useful in many applications including machine tool control systems and laser tracker systems, among others.

  12. Linear Discriminant Functions Linear Discriminant Functions and Decisions Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Discriminant Functions · Linear Discriminant Functions and Decisions Surfaces · Generalized Linear Discriminant Functions #12;Srihari: CSE 555 Introduction · Parametric Methods · Underlying pdfs are known · Training samples used to estimate pdf parameters · Linear Discriminant Functions · Forms

  13. QPL 2005 Preliminary Version De-linearizing linearity: projective quantum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    QPL 2005 Preliminary Version De-linearizing linearity: projective quantum axiomatics from strong the linear structure of Hilbert spaces into several constituents which play different roles in quantum)famous Birkhoff- von Neumann paper [7]. The bulk of the linear structure required to reason about quantum

  14. Linear-quadratic fractional Gaussian control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Tyrone E.; Pasik-Duncan, Bozenna

    2013-01-01

    In this paper a control problem for a linear stochastic system driven by a noise process that is an arbitrary zero mean, square integrable stochastic process with continuous sample paths and a cost functional that is quadratic in the system state...

  15. Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 23–25, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  16. Concentrating Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solar Energy Technologies Program

    2010-09-28

    The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its concentrating solar power subprogram.

  17. Concentrated Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fact sheet describes a concentrated solar hydroelectric power project awarded under the DOE's 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power R&D award program. The team, led by MIT, is working to demonstrate concentrating solar thermoelectric generators with >10% solar-to-electrical energy conversion efficiency while limiting optical concentration to less than a factor of 10 and potentially less than 4. When combined with thermal storage, CSTEGs have the potential to provide electricity day and night using no moving parts at both the utility and distributed scale.

  18. Linear Programming Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Linear Program to control air pollution was developed in 1968 by Teller, which minimized cost Fall 2006 #12;Topics · Introduction · Background · Air · Land · Water #12;Introduction · "The United States spends more than 2% of its gross domestic product on pollution control, and this is more than any

  19. Interval Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2010-12-08

    In this book we use only special types of intervals and introduce the notion of different types of interval linear algebras and interval vector spaces using the intervals of the form [0, a] where the intervals are from Zn or Z+ \\cup {0} or Q+ \\cup {0} or R+ \\cup {0}. A systematic development is made starting from set interval vector spaces to group interval vector spaces. Vector spaces are taken as interval polynomials or interval matrices or just intervals over suitable sets or semigroups or groups. Main feature of this book is the authors have given over 350 examples. This book has six chapters. Chapter one is introductory in nature. Chapter two introduces the notion of set interval linear algebras of type one and two. Set fuzzy interval linear algebras and their algebras and their properties are discussed in chapter three. Chapter four introduces several types of interval linear bialgebras and bivector spaces and studies them. The possible applications are given in chapter five. Chapter six suggests nearly 110 problems of all levels.

  20. Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardin, Corey Lee

    2011-01-01

    Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants A ThesisStorage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants by Coreysystems for concentrated solar thermal power (CSP) systems.

  1. Automatic Linear Orders (Revised Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephan, Frank

    CDMTCS Research Report Series Automatic Linear Orders and Trees (Revised Version) Bakhadyr; Automatic Linear Orders and Trees Bakhadyr Khoussainov, Sasha Rubin and Frank Stephan November 13, 2003 emphasis is on trees and linear orders. We study the relationship between automatic linear orders and trees

  2. Concentrating Solar Power Basics

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight onto receivers that collect solar energy and convert it to heat. This thermal energy can then be used to produce electricity via a steam turbine or heat engine that drives a generator.

  3. Concentration in Green Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shewchuk, Jonathan

    , energy, infrastructure or transport. Participants in this specialization area work closely with the GreenConcentration in Green Design Research and Education Opportunities Carnegie Mellon University Civil and Environmental Engineering www.ce.cmu.edu M.S. Concentration Green Design - Course Only Track As an extension

  4. Error Control of Iterative Linear Solvers for Integrated Groundwater Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Matthew; Brush, Charles; Chung, Francis; Dogrul, Emin; Kadir, Tariq

    2010-01-01

    An open problem that arises when using modern iterative linear solvers, such as the preconditioned conjugate gradient (PCG) method or Generalized Minimum RESidual method (GMRES) is how to choose the residual tolerance in the linear solver to be consistent with the tolerance on the solution error. This problem is especially acute for integrated groundwater models which are implicitly coupled to another model, such as surface water models, and resolve both multiple scales of flow and temporal interaction terms, giving rise to linear systems with variable scaling. This article uses the theory of 'forward error bound estimation' to show how rescaling the linear system affects the correspondence between the residual error in the preconditioned linear system and the solution error. Using examples of linear systems from models developed using the USGS GSFLOW package and the California State Department of Water Resources' Integrated Water Flow Model (IWFM), we observe that this error bound guides the choice of a prac...

  5. Method and system for knowledge discovery using non-linear statistical analysis and a 1st and 2nd tier computer program

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN)

    2011-07-12

    The invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously processing different sources of test data into informational data and then processing different categories of informational data into knowledge-based data. The knowledge-based data can then be communicated between nodes in a system of multiple computers according to rules for a type of complex, hierarchical computer system modeled on a human brain.

  6. Tilting mirror strips in a linear Fresnel reector Gang Xiao (University of Nice, France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tilting mirror strips in a linear Fresnel reector Gang Xiao (University of Nice, France) February 29, 2012 Abstract When a linear Fresnel reector solar concentrator is installed in a site with high of the linear Fresnel reector. Technical restrictions and diculties of this method are also discussed

  7. Linear output nitinol engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banks, R.M.

    1986-01-14

    This patent describes a linear output nitinol engine consisting of a number of integrated communicating parts. The engine has an external support framework which is described in detail. The patent further describes a wire transport mechanism, a pair of linkage levers with a loom secured to them, a number of nitinol wires strung between the looms, and a power takeoff block secured to the linkage levers. A pulley positioned in a flip-flop supporting bracket and a power takeoff modality including a tension member connected to a power output cable in order to provide linear power output transmission is described. A method for biasing the timing and the mechanism for timing the synchronization of the throw over arms and the flip-flop of the pulley are also described.

  8. Combustion powered linear actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gary J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-09-04

    The present invention provides robotic vehicles having wheeled and hopping mobilities that are capable of traversing (e.g. by hopping over) obstacles that are large in size relative to the robot and, are capable of operation in unpredictable terrain over long range. The present invention further provides combustion powered linear actuators, which can include latching mechanisms to facilitate pressurized fueling of the actuators, as can be used to provide wheeled vehicles with a hopping mobility.

  9. The International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barish, Barry

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we describe the key features of the recently completed technical design for the International Linear Collider (ILC), a 200-500 GeV linear electron-positron collider (expandable to 1 TeV) that is based on 1.3 GHz superconducting radio-frequency (SCRF) technology. The machine parameters and detector characteristics have been chosen to complement the Large Hadron Collider physics, including the discovery of the Higgs boson, and to further exploit this new particle physics energy frontier with a precision instrument. The linear collider design is the result of nearly twenty years of R&D, resulting in a mature conceptual design for the ILC project that reflects an international consensus. We summarize the physics goals and capability of the ILC, the enabling R&D and resulting accelerator design, as well as the concepts for two complementary detectors. The ILC is technically ready to be proposed and built as a next generation lepton collider, perhaps to be built in stages beginning as a Hig...

  10. Health, Medicine and Aging Concentration Concentrations in Sociology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turc, Catalin

    Sociology Health, Medicine and Aging Concentration Concentrations in Sociology Students majoring. The 4 concentrations are: · Crime, Law and Justice · Health, Medicine and Aging · Gender, Work and Family · Social Inequality Health, Medicine and Aging Concentration Undergraduate students majoring

  11. MATH 100 Introduction to the Profession Linear Equations in MATLAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fasshauer, Greg

    's input-output model in economics, electric circuit problems, the steady-state analysis of a systemMATH 100 ­ Introduction to the Profession Linear Equations in MATLAB Greg Fasshauer Department;Chapter 5 of Experiments with MATLAB Where do systems of linear equations come up? fasshauer@iit.edu MATH

  12. P. J. Antsaklis, "On Dynamic Linear State Feedback," Control Systems Technical Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Notre Dame, August 1987.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    . of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Notre Dame, August 1987. #12;P. J. Antsaklis, "On Dynamic," Control Systems Technical Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Notre Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Notre Dame, August 1987. #12;P. J

  13. Water Sample Concentrator

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory

    2010-01-08

    Automated portable device that concentrates and packages a sample of suspected contaminated water for safe, efficient transport to a qualified analytical laboratory. This technology will help safeguard against pathogen contamination or chemical and biolog

  14. Organic photovoltaics and concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mapel, Jonathan King

    2008-01-01

    The separation of light harvesting and charge generation offers several advantages in the design of organic photovoltaics and organic solar concentrators for the ultimate end goal of achieving a lower cost solar electric ...

  15. Joined concentric tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeJonghe, Lutgard; Jacobson, Craig; Tucker, Michael; Visco, Steven

    2013-01-01

    Tubular objects having two or more concentric layers that have different properties are joined to one another during their manufacture primarily by compressive and friction forces generated by shrinkage during sintering and possibly mechanical interlocking. It is not necessary for the concentric tubes to display adhesive-, chemical- or sinter-bonding to each other in order to achieve a strong bond. This facilitates joining of dissimilar materials, such as ceramics and metals.

  16. Requirements for a Concentration in Energy Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technologies ­ 4 cr ENG EC 417 ­ Electric Energy Systems: Adapting to Renewable Resources ­ 4 cr Additional* - Methods of Environmental Policy ­ 4 cr ENG ME 533 ­ Energy Conversion ­ 4 cr ENG EC/ME/SE 543Requirements for a Concentration in Energy Technologies The concentration in Energy Technologies

  17. A New Algorithm for Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhananjay P. Mehendale

    2015-03-28

    In this paper we propose two types of new algorithms for linear programming. The first type of these new algorithms uses algebraic methods while the second type of these new algorithms uses geometric methods. The first type of algorithms is based on treating the objective function as a parameter. In this method, we form a matrix using coefficients in the system of equations consisting objective equation and equations obtained from inequalities defining constraint by introducing slack/surplus variables. We obtain reduced row echelon form for this matrix containing only one variable, namely, the objective function itself as an unknown parameter. We analyse this matrix in the reduced row echelon form and develop a clear cut method to find the optimal solution for the problem at hand, if and when it exists. We see that the entire optimization process can be developed through the proper analysis of the said matrix in the reduced row echelon form. The second type of algorithms that we propose for linear programming are inspired by geometrical considerations. All these algorithms pursue common aim of approaching closer and closer to centroid or some centrally located interior point for speeding up the process of reaching an optimal solution! We then proceed to show that the algebraic method developed above for linear programming naturally extends to non-linear and integer programming problems. For non-linear and integer programming problems we use the technique of Grobner bases and the methods of solving linear Diophantine equations respectively.

  18. Proc. 7th IEEE Mediterranean Conf. on Control and Automation, 1999 1 Stabilizing a linear system with nite-state hybrid output feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    fK 1 ; : : : ; K l g. Setting u = K i y for some i 2 f1; : : : ; lg, we obtain the system _ x = (A stability. Denoting A+BK i C by A i for each i 2 f1; : : : ; lg, we are led to the following question: using the measurements of the output y = Cx, can we #12;nd a piecewise constant switching signal #27; : [0; +1) ! f1

  19. The International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Battaglia

    2007-05-28

    The International Linear Collider (ILC) is the next large scale project in accelerator particle physics. Colliding electrons with positrons at energies from 0.3 TeV up to about 1 TeV, the ILC is expected to provide the accuracy needed to complement the LHC data and extend the sensitivity to new phenomena at the high energy frontier and answer some of the fundamental questions in particle physics and in its relation to Cosmology. This paper reviews some highlights of the ILC physics program and some of the major challenges for the accelerator and detector design.

  20. A Highly Linear Broadband LNA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Joung Won

    2010-10-12

    , and Temperature (PVT) variations and increase high power input capability. After analyzing and designing a resistive feedback LNA, novel linearization methods were applied. A highly linear broadband LNA is designed and simulated in 65nm CMOS technology. Simulation...

  1. Low-Cost Installation of Concentrating Photovoltaic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    allow for minimal disturbance of soil and ecosystem, and comprehensive full system delivery: April 2009 to March 2012 For more information, please contact: · Placing concentrating photovoltaic for this information or the researc

  2. Project Profile: Scattering Solar Thermal Concentrators

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pennsylvania State University, under the 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) R&D FOA, is designing and testing a novel solar collector system that relies on stationary optics, avoiding the need for mirror movement. The system is capable of achieving optical performance equal to state-of-the-art parabolic trough systems, but at a lower cost.

  3. Project Profile: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rohsenow-Kendall Heat Transfer Lab at Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT), under the 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) R&D FOA, is developing concentrated solar thermoelectric generators (CSTEGs) for CSP systems. This innovative distributed solution contains no moving parts and converts heat directly into electricity. Thermal storage can be integrated into the system, creating a reliable and flexible source of electricity.

  4. Reticle stage based linear dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berger, Kurt W. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-03-27

    A detector to measure EUV intensity employs a linear array of photodiodes. The detector is particularly suited for photolithography systems that includes: (i) a ringfield camera; (ii) a source of radiation; (iii) a condenser for processing radiation from the source of radiation to produce a ringfield illumination field for illuminating a mask; (iv) a reticle that is positioned at the ringfield camera's object plane and from which a reticle image in the form of an intensity profile is reflected into the entrance pupil of the ringfield camera, wherein the reticle moves in a direction that is transverse to the length of the ringfield illumination field that illuminates the reticle; (v) detector for measuring the entire intensity along the length of the ringfield illumination field that is projected onto the reticle; and (vi) a wafer onto which the reticle imaged is projected from the ringfield camera.

  5. Reticle stage based linear dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berger, Kurt W.

    2005-06-14

    A detector to measure EUV intensity employs a linear array of photodiodes. The detector is particularly suited for photolithography systems that includes: (i) a ringfield camera; (ii) a source of radiation; (iii) a condenser for processing radiation from the source of radiation to produce a ringfield illumination field for illuminating a mask; (iv) a reticle that is positioned at the ringfield camera's object plane and from which a reticle image in the form of an intensity profile is reflected into the entrance pupil of the ringfield camera, wherein the reticle moves in a direction that is transverse to the length of the ringfield illumination field that illuminates the reticle; (v) detector for measuring the entire intensity along the length of the ringfield illumination field that is projected onto the reticle; and (vi) a wafer onto which the reticle imaged is projected from the ringfield camera.

  6. UNBOUNDED DISJOINTNESS PRESERVING LINEAR FUNCTIONALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ngai-Ching

    UNBOUNDED DISJOINTNESS PRESERVING LINEAR FUNCTIONALS LAWRENCE G. BROWN AND NGAI-CHING WONG Abstract vanishing at infinity. In this paper, we shall study unbounded disjointness preserving linear functionals. In particular, every unbounded disjointness preserving linear functional of c0 can be constructed explicitly

  7. Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Statistical View of Least Squares of Least Squares #12;Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Basic Ideas Suppose #12;Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Basic Ideas Suppose we have two

  8. Linear Solvers 1.Introduction [1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    linear algebra packages including LAPACK, ScaLAPACK and PETSc, are built on top of BLAS. Most of standard, portable solver libraries available, including: BLAS (Basic linear algebra subprograms): Many (Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software package) is a version of BLAS that, upon installation, tests

  9. Special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy linear algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2009-12-30

    The authors in this book introduce the notion of special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy Linear algebra, which is an extension of the notion set linear algebra and set fuzzy linear algebra. These concepts are best suited in the application of multi expert models and cryptology. This book has five chapters. In chapter one the basic concepts about set linear algebra is given in order to make this book a self contained one. The notion of special set linear algebra and their fuzzy analogue is introduced in chapter two. In chapter three the notion of special set semigroup linear algebra is introduced. The concept of special set n-vector spaces, n greater than or equal to three is defined and their fuzzy analogue is their fuzzy analogue is given in chapter four. The probable applications are also mentioned. The final chapter suggests 66 problems.

  10. Electrokinetic concentration of charged molecules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singh, Anup K. (Berkeley, CA); Neyer, David W. (Castro Valley, CA); Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Oakland, CA); Garguilo, Michael G. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A method for separating and concentrating charged species from uncharged or neutral species regardless of size differential. The method uses reversible electric field induced retention of charged species, that can include molecules and molecular aggregates such as dimers, polymers, multimers, colloids, micelles, and liposomes, in volumes and on surfaces of porous materials. The retained charged species are subsequently quantitatively removed from the porous material by a pressure driven flow that passes through the retention volume and is independent of direction thus, a multi-directional flow field is not required. Uncharged species pass through the system unimpeded thus effecting a complete separation of charged and uncharged species and making possible concentration factors greater than 1000-fold.

  11. Photovoltaic solar concentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nielson, Gregory N.; Okandan, Murat; Resnick, Paul J.; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis

    2012-12-11

    A photovoltaic solar concentrator is disclosed with one or more transverse-junction solar cells (also termed point contact solar cells) and a lens located above each solar cell to concentrate sunlight onto the solar cell to generate electricity. Piezoelectric actuators tilt or translate each lens to track the sun using a feedback-control circuit which senses the electricity generated by one or more of the solar cells. The piezoelectric actuators can be coupled through a displacement-multiplier linkage to provide an increased range of movement of each lens. Each lens in the solar concentrator can be supported on a frame (also termed a tilt plate) having three legs, with the movement of the legs being controlled by the piezoelectric actuators.

  12. Non-linear Fractal Interpolating Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Kobes; H. Letkeman

    2001-12-07

    We consider two non-linear generalizations of fractal interpolating functions generated from iterated function systems. The first corresponds to fitting data using a Kth-order polynomial, while the second relates to the freedom of adding certain arbitrary functions. An escape-time algorithm that can be used for such systems to generate fractal images like those associated with Julia or Mandelbrot sets is also described.

  13. Linear Transformation Method for Multinuclide Decay Calculation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding Yuan

    2010-12-29

    A linear transformation method for generic multinuclide decay calculations is presented together with its properties and implications. The method takes advantage of the linear form of the decay solution N(t) = F(t)N{sub 0}, where N(t) is a column vector that represents the numbers of atoms of the radioactive nuclides in the decay chain, N{sub 0} is the initial value vector of N(t), and F(t) is a lower triangular matrix whose time-dependent elements are independent of the initial values of the system.

  14. environmental health Understanding Concentrated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental health Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact of Health Editor Mark Schultz, MEd Grants Administrator/Technical Writer National Association of Local Boards of Health ©2010 National Association of Local Boards of Health 1840 East Gypsy Lane Road Bowling

  15. Catalysts get concentrated attention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruch, H.W.

    1989-02-27

    At the most recent National Petroleum Refiners Association annual question and answer session on refining and petrochemical technology, refiners concentrated heavily on questions pertaining to modern catalyst technology and its applications and operating experiences, including: fluid catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, hydrotreating, and catalytic reforming.

  16. Utility-Scale Concentrating Solar Power and Photovoltaic Projects: A Technology and Market Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelsohn, M.; Lowder, T.; Canavan, B.

    2012-04-01

    Over the last several years, solar energy technologies have been, or are in the process of being, deployed at unprecedented levels. A critical recent development, resulting from the massive scale of projects in progress or recently completed, is having the power sold directly to electric utilities. Such 'utility-scale' systems offer the opportunity to deploy solar technologies far faster than the traditional 'behind-the-meter' projects designed to offset retail load. Moreover, these systems have employed significant economies of scale during construction and operation, attracting financial capital, which in turn can reduce the delivered cost of power. This report is a summary of the current U.S. utility-scale solar state-of-the-market and development pipeline. Utility-scale solar energy systems are generally categorized as one of two basic designs: concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV). CSP systems can be further delineated into four commercially available technologies: parabolic trough, central receiver (CR), parabolic dish, and linear Fresnel reflector. CSP systems can also be categorized as hybrid, which combine a solar-based system (generally parabolic trough, CR, or linear Fresnel) and a fossil fuel energy system to produce electric power or steam.

  17. The International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsten Buesser

    2013-06-13

    The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a proposed electron-positron collider for the centre-of-mass energy range of 200 to 500 GeV and with upgrade options towards 1 TeV. The ILC would be the ideal tool to explore with high precision the properties of the new Higgs-like particle that has recently been discovered at the LHC with a mass of around 125 GeV. The ILC accelerator design is based on the mature superconducting technology that has been developed in the TESLA collaboration and that is currently being used for the European XFEL. The exploitation of the huge physics potential of the ILC is a challenge for the design of the ILC detectors.

  18. Positrons for linear colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecklund, S.

    1987-11-01

    The requirements of a positron source for a linear collider are briefly reviewed, followed by methods of positron production and production of photons by electromagnetic cascade showers. Cross sections for the electromagnetic cascade shower processes of positron-electron pair production and Compton scattering are compared. A program used for Monte Carlo analysis of electromagnetic cascades is briefly discussed, and positron distributions obtained from several runs of the program are discussed. Photons from synchrotron radiation and from channeling are also mentioned briefly, as well as positron collection, transverse focusing techniques, and longitudinal capture. Computer ray tracing is then briefly discussed, followed by space-charge effects and thermal heating and stress due to showers. (LEW)

  19. Damage Identification with Linear Discriminant Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C.R.; Nix, D.A.; Duffey, T.A.; Cornwell, P.J.; Pardoen, G.C.

    1999-02-08

    This paper explores the application of statistical pattern recognition and machine learning techniques to vibration-based damage detection. First, the damage detection process is described in terms of a problem in statistical pattern recognition. Next, a specific example of a statistical-pattern-recognition-based damage detection process using a linear discriminant operator, ''Fisher's Discriminant'', is applied to the problem of identifying structural damage in a physical system. Accelerometer time histories are recorded from sensors attached to the system as that system is excited using a measured input. Linear Prediction Coding (LPC) coefficients are utilized to convert the accelerometer time-series data into multi-dimensional samples representing the resonances of the system during a brief segment of the time series. Fisher's discriminant is then used to find the linear projection of the LPC data distributions that best separates data from undamaged and damaged systems. The method i s applied to data from concrete bridge columns as the columns are progressively damaged. For this case, the method captures a clear distinction between undamaged and damaged vibration profiles. Further, the method assigns a probability of damage that can be used to rank systems in order of priority for inspection.

  20. Sums in linear algebraic lambda-calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz-Caro, Alejandro

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we define the confluent additive fragment of the linear-algebraic lambda-calculus. We also define a fine-grained type system which includes sums of types as a reflection of those in the terms. After proving the subject reduction and strong normalisation properties, we study the role of sums within the calculus by interpreting our system into System F with pairs. We show that this calculus can be interpreted as System F with an associative and commutative pair constructor, which is distributive under application.

  1. Linear Algebraic Method for Non-Linear Map Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu,L.; Nash, B.

    2009-05-04

    We present a newly developed method to analyze some non-linear dynamics problems such as the Henon map using a matrix analysis method from linear algebra. Choosing the Henon map as an example, we analyze the spectral structure, the tune-amplitude dependence, the variation of tune and amplitude during the particle motion, etc., using the method of Jordan decomposition which is widely used in conventional linear algebra.

  2. Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haaland, C.M.

    1998-12-15

    A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine is described. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod. 8 figs.

  3. Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haaland, Carsten M. (Dadeville, AL)

    1998-01-01

    A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod.

  4. International linear collider reference design report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aarons, G.

    2008-01-01

    A. Loew, et al. , “International Linear Collider Technologyfor the International Linear Collider”, in preparation [37]for the International Linear Collider,” in PAC05,http://

  5. Proof-of-Principle Detonation Driven, Linear Electric Generator Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Proof-of-Principle Detonation Driven, Linear Electric Generator Facility Eric M. Braun, Frank K. Lu a generator and produce electricity.4­6 Since the majority of power in the world is generated by deflagrative is described in which a detonation-driven piston system has been integrated with a linear generator in order

  6. A semantical introduction to differential linear Thomas Ehrhard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrhard, Thomas - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7

    of the design of this system. This option appears at various places in the conclusion of [Gir86], entitled Two substitution to a more elementary linear operation explicitly viewed as differentiation is presented as one85, Kri07] and its linear head reduction mechanism [DR99] is explicitly mentioned. In this mechanism

  7. Optimal growth for linear processes with affine control Vincent Calvez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Optimal growth for linear processes with affine control Vincent Calvez Pierre Gabriel March 23, 2012 Abstract We analyse an optimal control with the following features: the dynamical system is linear the existence of an eigenvalue (in the generalized sense) for the optimal control problem. The proof is based

  8. Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

    1980-03-11

    The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

  9. 6, 66276694, 2006 linearized ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 6627­6694, 2006 CHEM2D-OPP linearized ozone photochemistry J. P. McCormack et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions CHEM2D-OPP: A new linearized gas-phase ozone photochemistry.mccormack@nrl.navy.mil) 6627 #12;ACPD 6, 6627­6694, 2006 CHEM2D-OPP linearized ozone photochemistry J. P. McCormack et al

  10. Linear Programming and Kantorovich Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Kutateladze

    2009-05-08

    This is a brief overview of the life of Leonid Kantorovich (1912--1986) and his contribution to the fields of linear programming and ordered vector spaces.

  11. Dynamics of FRW Universes Sourced by Non-Linear Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Garcia-Salcedo; Tame Gonzalez; Claudia Moreno; Israel Quiros

    2009-05-07

    We apply the dynamical systems tools to study the (linear) dynamics of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes that are fuelled by non-linear electrodynamics. We focus, mainly, in two particular models. In the first model the cosmic evolution is fuelled by cold dark matter, a cosmological constant and a non-linear electrodynamics field. In the second case non-singular cosmology and late-time accelerated expansion are unified in a model where the Einstein's field equations are sourced only by cold dark matter and a non-linear electrodynamics field. It is shown that, in contrast to previous claims, the cosmological effects coming from the non-linear electrodynamics field are not as generic as though. In fact, critical points in the phase space that could be associated with non-linear electrodynamic effects are not found.

  12. A Linear Systems Approach to Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, John

    shipping consumes about 2.1 billion barrels of oil per year (Corbett & Koehler 2003), whereas the airline indus- try consumes about 1.5 billion barrels of jet fuel per year (P.R. Spalart, private commu

  13. A Linear Systems Approach to Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bewley, Thomas

    of tremendous conse- quence in many applications. For example, worldwide ocean shipping consumes about 2.5 billion barrels of jet fuel per year (P.R. Spalart, private commu- nication). Reducing average overall

  14. Capacities of linear quantum optical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Seth

    A wide variety of communication channels employ the quantized electromagnetic field to convey information. Their communication capacity crucially depends on losses associated to spatial characteristics of the channel such ...

  15. CONCENTRATION IDENTIFICATION MBA Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    ) ___ Operations Management (OPMGMT) ___ Technology Management (TECHMGMT) ___Management Information Systems (MGIS) ___ International Business (INTB) ___ Management and Leadership (MGMTLEAD) ___ Environmentally Sustainable Management (ESMGMT) ___ Quality and Organizational Improvement (ORGIMP) ___ Entrepreneurship (ENTR

  16. Power Amplifier Linearization Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Joel

    : Cartesian Feedback H(s) H(s) PA sint cost sint cost - - I Q #12;Major design consideration in CFB systems: phase alignment PA sint cost sin(t+) cos(t+) Leff = H(s)cos + [H(s)sin]2 1+H(s)cos #12;CFB Strengths

  17. Magnetic flux concentrations from turbulent stratified convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Käpylä, P J; Kleeorin, N; Käpylä, M J; Rogachevskii, I

    2015-01-01

    (abridged) Context: The mechanisms that cause the formation of sunspots are still unclear. Aims: We study the self-organisation of initially uniform sub-equipartition magnetic fields by highly stratified turbulent convection. Methods: We perform simulations of magnetoconvection in Cartesian domains that are $8.5$-$24$ Mm deep and $34$-$96$ Mm wide. We impose either a vertical or a horizontal uniform magnetic field in a convection-driven turbulent flow. Results: We find that super-equipartition magnetic flux concentrations are formed near the surface with domain depths of $12.5$ and $24$ Mm. The size of the concentrations increases as the box size increases and the largest structures ($20$ Mm horizontally) are obtained in the 24 Mm deep models. The field strength in the concentrations is in the range of $3$-$5$ kG. The concentrations grow approximately linearly in time. The effective magnetic pressure measured in the simulations is positive near the surface and negative in the bulk of the convection zone. Its ...

  18. News from CERN, LHC Status and Strategy for Linear Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolf-Dieter Heuer

    2012-02-27

    This paper presents the latest development at CERN, concentrating on the status of the LHC and the strategy for future linear colliders. The immediate plans include the exploitation of the LHC at its design luminosity and energy as well as upgrades to the LHC (luminosity and energy) and to its injectors. This may be complemented by a linear electron-positron collider, based on the technology being developed by the Compact Linear Collider and by the International Linear Collider and/or by a high-energy electron-proton collider. This contribution describes the various future directions, all of which have a unique value to add to experimental particle physics, and concludes by outlining key messages for the way forward.

  19. The WKB approximation for a linear potential and ceiling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zapata, Todd Austin

    2009-05-15

    The physical problem this thesis deals with is a quantum system with linear potential driving a particle away from a ceiling (impenetrable barrier). This thesis will construct the WKB approximation of the quantum mechanical propagator...

  20. Designing AC Power Grids using Integer Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-18

    view of recent developments in integer linear programming, we revisit a less known .... optimal solution of the DC model was the minimum cost circuit of the network. ... Andersson, G.: Modelling and Analysis of Electric Power Systems (

  1. Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yanqiu

    2005-11-01

    In this dissertation, we study the mixed ?nite element method for the linear plane elasticity problem and iterative solvers for the resulting discrete system. We use the Arnold-Winther Element in the mixed ?nite element discretization...

  2. Linear Scaling Electronic Structure Methods with Periodic Boundary Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavo E. Scuseria

    2008-02-08

    The methodological development and computational implementation of linear scaling quantum chemistry methods for the accurate calculation of electronic structure and properties of periodic systems (solids, surfaces, and polymers) and their application to chemical problems of DOE relevance.

  3. NREL: Concentrating Solar Power Research - Systems Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact:News ReleasesChemicalPilotDataResearch

  4. Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)Day-June 22,FresnoSky EnergyOpportunities

  5. World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ivanpah, the world's largest concentrating solar plant, opened in California on February 13.Credit: BrightSource Energy The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System, the world's...

  6. Resonance-shifting luminescent solar concentrators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Giebink, Noel Christopher; Wiederrecht, Gary P; Wasielewski, Michael R

    2014-09-23

    An optical system and method to overcome luminescent solar concentrator inefficiencies by resonance-shifting, in which sharply directed emission from a bi-layer cavity into a glass substrate returns to interact with the cavity off-resonance at each subsequent reflection, significantly reducing reabsorption loss en route to the edges. In one embodiment, the system comprises a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a transparent substrate, a luminescent film having a variable thickness; and a low refractive index layer disposed between the transparent substrate and the luminescent film.

  7. Position sensor for linear synchronous motors employing halbach arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman

    2014-12-23

    A position sensor suitable for use in linear synchronous motor (LSM) drive systems employing Halbach arrays to create their magnetic fields is described. The system has several advantages over previously employed ones, especially in its simplicity and its freedom from being affected by weather conditions, accumulated dirt, or electrical interference from the LSM system itself.

  8. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Linear Algebra Solvers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Linear Algebra Solvers and Associated Matrix-Vector Kernels for Power of power grid systems. As the future power grid system becomes more complex and as more model variability are used to accurately represent the future system, determining the stability security margins will become

  9. Concentric tube support assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rubio, Mark F.; Glessner, John C.

    2012-09-04

    An assembly (45) includes a plurality of separate pie-shaped segments (72) forming a disk (70) around a central region (48) for retaining a plurality of tubes (46) in a concentrically spaced apart configuration. Each segment includes a support member (94) radially extending along an upstream face (96) of the segment and a plurality of annularly curved support arms (98) transversely attached to the support member and radially spaced apart from one another away from the central region for receiving respective upstream end portions of the tubes in arc-shaped spaces (100) between the arms. Each segment also includes a radial passageway (102) formed in the support member for receiving a fluid segment portion (106) and a plurality of annular passageways (104) formed in the support arms for receiving respective arm portions (108) of the fluid segment portion from the radial passageway and for conducting the respective arm portions into corresponding annular spaces (47) formed between the tubes retained by the disk.

  10. Design and Analysis of a High-Efficiency, Cost-Effective Solar Concentrator John H. Reif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    1 Design and Analysis of a High-Efficiency, Cost-Effective Solar Concentrator John H. Reif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia wsalhalabi@kau.edu.sa Abstract Solar concentrating systems are optical systems that concentrate solar energy for conversion into usable energy. Ideally, a solar concentrating system should have

  11. Markets for concentrating solar power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-01

    The report describes the markets for concentrating solar power. As concentrating solar power technologies advance into the early stages of commercialization, their economic potential becomes more sharply defined and increasingly tangible.

  12. Linear Consistency Testing Yonatan Aumann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    of Blum, Luby and Rubinfeld [?] to check the linear-consistency of three functions f1, f2, f3 mapping and check if f1(x) + f2(y) = f3(x + y). We analyze this test for two cases: (1) G and H are arbitrary the consistency of multiple functions. Given a triple of functions f1, f2, f3 : G H, we say that they are "linear

  13. SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION BELOW FREE OVERFALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION BELOW FREE OVERFALL By O. R. Stein,~Associate Member, ASCE, and P. Y. Julien and sediment concentration, which may affect downstream morphology and water quality as well as the structure is to determine relationships between time, scour depth, scour-hole volume, and sediment concentration generated

  14. Concentrating Solar Power (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) offers a utility-scale, firm, dispatchable renewable energy option that can help meet the nation's goal of making solar energy cost competitive with other energy sources by the end of the decade. The DOE SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national initiative to make solar energy technologies cost-competitive with other forms of energy by reducing the cost of solar energy systems by about 75% by the end of the decade. Reducing the total installed cost for utility-scale solar electricity to roughly 6 cents per kilowatt hour without subsidies will result in rapid, large-scale adoption of solar electricity across the United States. Reaching this goal will re-establish American technological leadership, improve the nation's energy security, and strengthen U.S. economic competitiveness in the global clean energy race. SunShot will work to bring down the full cost of solar - including the costs of solar cells and installation by focusing on four main pillars: (1) Technologies for solar cells and arrays that convert sunlight to energy; (2) Electronics that optimize the performance of the installation; (3) Improvements in the efficiency of solar manufacturing processes; and (4) Installation, design, and permitting for solar energy systems.

  15. Nonimaging light concentrator with uniform irradiance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Gee, Randy C. (Arvada, CO)

    2003-04-01

    A nonimaging light concentrator system including a primary collector of light, an optical mixer disposed near the focal zone for collecting light from the primary collector, the optical mixer having a transparent entrance aperture, an internally reflective housing for substantially total internal reflection of light, a transparent exit aperture and an array of photovoltaic cells disposed near the transparent exit aperture.

  16. Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-10-01

    This report has been prepared in response to section 603(b) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, (Pub. L. No. 110-140), which states that “…the Secretary of Energy shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of a study on methods to reduce the amount of water consumed by concentrating solar power systems.”

  17. Looking Back at Dense Linear Algebra Software Piotr Luszczek1, Jakub Kurzak1, and Jack Dongarra1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Looking Back at Dense Linear Algebra Software Piotr Luszczek1, Jakub Kurzak1, and Jack Dongarra1 on top of it. Most of these problems could be translated into solutions for systems of linear equations: the very topic of numerical linear algebra. Seemingly then, a set of efficient linear solvers could

  18. The Rheology of Concentrated Suspensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreas Acrivos

    2004-09-07

    Research program on the rheological properties of flowing suspensions. The primary purpose of the research supported by this grant was to study the flow characteristics of concentrated suspensions of non-colloidal solid particles and thereby construct a comprehensive and robust theoretical framework for modeling such systems quantitatively. At first glance, this seemed like a modest goal, not difficult to achieve, given that such suspensions were viewed simply as Newtonian fluids with an effective viscosity equal to the product of the viscosity of the suspending fluid times a function of the particle volume fraction. But thanks to the research findings of the Principal Investigator and of his Associates, made possible by the steady and continuous support which the PI received from the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, the subject is now seen to be more complicated and therefore much more interesting in that concentrated suspensions have been shown to exhibit fascinating and unique rheological properties of their own that have no counterpart in flowing Newtonian or even non-Newtonian (polymeric) fluids. In fact, it is generally acknowledged that, as the result of these investigations for which the PI received the 2001 National Medal of Science, our understanding of how suspensions behave under flow is far more detailed and comprehensive than was the case even as recently as a decade ago. Thus, given that the flow of suspensions plays a crucial role in many diverse physical processes, our work has had a major and lasting impact in a subject having both fundamental as well as practical importance.

  19. Design, processing, and assembly of large area concentrator cells and subassemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobin, S.P.; Landis, G.A.; Nowian, M.J.

    1982-09-01

    This paper describes the development of silicon concentrator cells for use in state-of-the-art linear focus Fresnel lens systems with average sunlight concentration of 30-50 suns. Primary goals were high cell efficiency and a simple, producible, low cost process. In the design phase, a collecting grid pattern optimized for the nonuniform intensity profile of the Fresnel lens was developed. A simple baseline cell process was defined, similar to the ion implanted flat-plate cell process. The most noticeable differences were the silicon resistivity (0.3 ohm-cm), texture etched surfaces to improve current collection, and the grid pattern. Initial cell results measured by Sandia were quite good, with efficiency exceeding 18% at 50 suns. Nine-cell strings interconnected and bonded to glass were delivered to the concentrator system manufacturer and passed all electrical and environmental tests. Also described are several efficiency-enhancing options to the baseline process. These include improved junction anneal schedules, oxide surface passivation, multi-layer antireflection coatings, and a planar process to reduce leakage currents.

  20. Comparison of open-source linear programming solvers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gearhart, Jared Lee; Adair, Kristin Lynn; Durfee, Justin D.; Jones, Katherine A.; Martin, Nathaniel; Detry, Richard Joseph

    2013-10-01

    When developing linear programming models, issues such as budget limitations, customer requirements, or licensing may preclude the use of commercial linear programming solvers. In such cases, one option is to use an open-source linear programming solver. A survey of linear programming tools was conducted to identify potential open-source solvers. From this survey, four open-source solvers were tested using a collection of linear programming test problems and the results were compared to IBM ILOG CPLEX Optimizer (CPLEX) [1], an industry standard. The solvers considered were: COIN-OR Linear Programming (CLP) [2], [3], GNU Linear Programming Kit (GLPK) [4], lp_solve [5] and Modular In-core Nonlinear Optimization System (MINOS) [6]. As no open-source solver outperforms CPLEX, this study demonstrates the power of commercial linear programming software. CLP was found to be the top performing open-source solver considered in terms of capability and speed. GLPK also performed well but cannot match the speed of CLP or CPLEX. lp_solve and MINOS were considerably slower and encountered issues when solving several test problems.

  1. Implementation of Simplicial Complexes for CPA functions in C++11 using the Armadillo Linear Algebra Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr

    Implementation of Simplicial Complexes for CPA functions in C++11 using the Armadillo Linear functions for autonomous non- linear systems. In (Rezaiee-Pajand and Moghad- dasie, 2012) a different studied in some de- tail recently, uses linear programming to parameterize CPA Lyapunov functions

  2. Can Classical Linear Harmonic Oscillator Hold Chaotic (Fractal) Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladan Pankovi?

    2009-08-16

    In this work a classical linear harmonic oscillator, evolving during a small time interval (so that simple non-linear, second order Taylor approximation of the dynamics is satisfied) and restarting (by a mechanism) in a strictly chosen series of the time moments, is considered. It is shown that given linear oscillator behaves dynamically analogously to discrete logistic equation, which, as an especial case, includes chaotic (fractal) behaviour too. (All this refers too on the analogous quantum systems, e.g. ammonia molecule with simple vibration dynamics of the atoms many times perturbed by measurements in strictly defined time moments.

  3. International Linear Collider Technical Design Report - Volume...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: International Linear Collider Technical Design Report - Volume 2: Physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: International Linear Collider Technical...

  4. Math 511 Linear Algebra with Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Math 511 Linear Algebra with Applications. Fall 2005. This is a Linear Algebra course primarily for graduate engineering students. Enclosed is a sample outline

  5. Linear air-fuel sensor development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garzon, F.; Miller, C.

    1996-12-14

    The electrochemical zirconia solid electrolyte oxygen sensor, is extensively used for monitoring oxygen concentrations in various fields. They are currently utilized in automobiles to monitor the exhaust gas composition and control the air-to-fuel ratio, thus reducing harmful emission components and improving fuel economy. Zirconia oxygen sensors, are divided into two classes of devices: (1) potentiometric or logarithmic air/fuel sensors; and (2) amperometric or linear air/fuel sensors. The potentiometric sensors are ideally suited to monitor the air-to-fuel ratio close to the complete combustion stoichiometry; a value of about 14.8 to 1 parts by volume. This occurs because the oxygen concentration changes by many orders of magnitude as the air/fuel ratio is varied through the stoichiometric value. However, the potentiometric sensor is not very sensitive to changes in oxygen partial pressure away from the stoichiometric point due to the logarithmic dependence of the output voltage signal on the oxygen partial pressure. It is often advantageous to operate gasoline power piston engines with excess combustion air; this improves fuel economy and reduces hydrocarbon emissions. To maintain stable combustion away from stoichiometry, and enable engines to operate in the excess oxygen (lean burn) region several limiting-current amperometric sensors have been reported. These sensors are based on the electrochemical oxygen ion pumping of a zirconia electrolyte. They typically show reproducible limiting current plateaus with an applied voltage caused by the gas diffusion overpotential at the cathode.

  6. Highly linear low noise amplifier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganesan, Sivakumar

    2007-09-17

    VgVgVgi (4) Where gm1 is its transconductance, gm2 represents its second order non-linearity obtained by the second order derivative of FET transfer characteristics (Id-Vgs) and gm3 is its third order non-linearity obtained by the third order... for the above mentioned currents are given below. 3 3213 2 21211 3 3 3 3 2 21 *),,(*),(*)( xxxBAout BbB AaAaAaA VsssCVssCVsCiii Vgi VgVgVgi ++=+= = ++= (14) Where g1a represents the transconductance of the main amplifier and g2a and g3a represent the second...

  7. Utility-scale photovoltaic concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The photovoltaics concentrators section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  8. Matrix Factorization and Matrix Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackey, Lester

    2012-01-01

    PCA 3 Mixed Membership Matrix Factorization 3.15.2 Matrix concentration3.3 Mixed Membership Matrix Factorization . . . 3.4

  9. Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cummings, Eric B. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-04-17

    A continuous-flow filter/concentrator for separating and/or concentrating particles in a fluid is disclosed. The filter is a three-port device an inlet port, an filter port and a concentrate port. The filter separates particles into two streams by the ratio of their dielectrophoretic mobility to their electrokinetic, advective, or diffusive mobility if the dominant transport mechanism is electrokinesis, advection, or diffusion, respectively.Also disclosed is a device for separating and/or concentrating particles by dielectrophoretic trapping of the particles.

  10. Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Concentrating solar power technologies use mirrors to reflect sunshine, turning it into an intense beam that’s collected as heat.

  11. Effective Interactions and Volume Energies in Charged Colloids: Linear Response Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. R. Denton

    2000-06-21

    Interparticle interactions in charge-stabilized colloidal suspensions, of arbitrary salt concentration, are described at the level of effective interactions in an equivalent one-component system. Integrating out from the partition function the degrees of freedom of all microions, and assuming linear response to the macroion charges, general expressions are obtained for both an effective electrostatic pair interaction and an associated microion volume energy. For macroions with hard-sphere cores, the effective interaction is of the DLVO screened-Coulomb form, but with a modified screening constant that incorporates excluded volume effects. The volume energy -- a natural consequence of the one-component reduction -- contributes to the total free energy and can significantly influence thermodynamic properties in the limit of low-salt concentration. As illustrations, the osmotic pressure and bulk modulus are computed and compared with recent experimental measurements for deionized suspensions. For macroions of sufficient charge and concentration, it is shown that the counterions can act to soften or destabilize colloidal crystals.

  12. Linear regression issues in astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, G. Jogesh

    Linear regression issues in astronomy Eric Feigelson Summer School in astrostatistics References regression Seeking the intrinsic relationship between two properties without specifying `dependent' and `independent' variables OLS(Y|X) OLS(X|Y) (inverse regr) Four symmetrical regression lines #12;Analytical

  13. Linear electric field mass spectrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.

    1992-12-01

    A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry are described. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field. 8 figs.

  14. Matrix polynomials and structured linearizations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    Matrix polynomials and structured linearizations. Advisor: Maria Isabel Bueno Cachadina Let P() = Akk + Ak-1k-1 + · · · + A0 (1) be a matrix polynomial of degree k 2, where the coefficients Ai are n × n matrices with entries in a field F. A matrix pencil L() = L1 - L0, with L1, L0 Mkn

  15. Saturation and linear transport equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Kutak

    2009-04-29

    We show that the GBW saturation model provides an exact solution to the one dimensional linear transport equation. We also show that it is motivated by the BK equation considered in the saturated regime when the diffusion and the splitting term in the diffusive approximation are balanced by the nonlinear term.

  16. The equations Linear plate equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    The equations Linear plate equation Paneitz equation Willmore equation, one dimensional Some fourth order differential equations related to differential geometry Hans-Christoph Grunau Otto­von­Guericke­Universit¨at Magdeburg Nice, January 26, 2006 Hans-Christoph Grunau Differential equations of fourth order #12;The

  17. Peptide concentration alters intermediate species in amyloid ? fibrillation kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, M., E-mail: megan.garvey@molbiotech.rwth-aachen.de [Max-Planck Research Unit for Enzymology of Protein Folding, Weinbergweg 22, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Morgado, I., E-mail: immorgado@ualg.pt [Max-Planck Research Unit for Enzymology of Protein Folding, Weinbergweg 22, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany)

    2013-04-12

    Highlights: ? A?(1–40) aggregation in vitro has been monitored at different concentrations. ? A?(1–40) fibrillation does not always follow conventional kinetic mechanisms. ? We demonstrate non-linear features in the kinetics of A?(1–40) fibril formation. ? At high A?(1–40) concentrations secondary processes dictate fibrillation speed. ? Intermediate species may play significant roles on final amyloid fibril development. -- Abstract: The kinetic mechanism of amyloid aggregation remains to be fully understood. Investigations into the species present in the different kinetic phases can assist our comprehension of amyloid diseases and further our understanding of the mechanism behind amyloid ? (A?) (1–40) peptide aggregation. Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have been used in combination to monitor A?(1–40) aggregation in vitro at both normal and higher than standard concentrations. The observed fibrillation behaviour deviates, in several respects, from standard concepts of the nucleation–polymerisation models and shows such features as concentration-dependent non-linear effects in the assembly mechanism. A?(1–40) fibrillation kinetics do not always follow conventional kinetic mechanisms and, specifically at high concentrations, intermediate structures become populated and secondary processes may further modify the fibrillation mechanism.

  18. DOE High Performance Concentrator PV Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, R.; Symko-Davies, M.

    2005-08-01

    Much in demand are next-generation photovoltaic (PV) technologies that can be used economically to make a large-scale impact on world electricity production. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the High-Performance Photovoltaic (HiPerf PV) Project to substantially increase the viability of PV for cost-competitive applications so that PV can contribute significantly to both our energy supply and environment. To accomplish such results, the National Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) directs in-house and subcontracted research in high-performance polycrystalline thin-film and multijunction concentrator devices with the goal of enabling progress of high-efficiency technologies toward commercial-prototype products. We will describe the details of the subcontractor and in-house progress in exploring and accelerating pathways of III-V multijunction concentrator solar cells and systems toward their long-term goals. By 2020, we anticipate that this project will have demonstrated 33% system efficiency and a system price of $1.00/Wp for concentrator PV systems using III-V multijunction solar cells with efficiencies over 41%.

  19. 2.1 Linear Systems and Matrices A typical system of linear equations is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulling, Stephen

    equations is compressed to y = Ax. #12;30 2. Matrices One can think of a matrix as a kind of milling machine

  20. Fast exact linear algebra, LinBox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pernet, Clément

    Fast exact linear algebra, LinBox Clément Pernet Introduction LinBox: an overview Principles-place eliminations Fast matrix multiplication Linear algebra over big integers Fast exact linear algebra: LinBox Clément PERNET SAGE Days 6, November 11, 2007 #12;Fast exact linear algebra, LinBox Clément Pernet

  1. Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology Return completed form to ENG Undergraduate Records:____________________________ Instructions: ENG students declaring a Concentration in Nanotechnology should complete this form, obtain REQUIRED COURSES (Choose 1) 1. ENG EK 481­ Fundamentals of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology 4.0 ELECTIVES

  2. Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology Return completed form to ENG Undergraduate Records:____________________________ Instructions: ENG students declaring a Concentration in Nanotechnology should complete this form, obtain REQUIRED COURSES (Choose 1) 1. ENG EC 481­ Fundamentals of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology 4.0 ELECTIVES

  3. Ion-neutral sympathetic cooling in a hybrid linear rf Paul and magneto-optical trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, D S; Wells, J E; Narducci, F A; Smith, W W

    2012-01-01

    Long range polarization forces between ions and neutral atoms result in large elastic scattering cross sections, e.g., 10^6 a.u. for Na+ on Na or Ca+ on Na at cold and ultracold temperatures. This suggests that a hybrid ion-neutral trap should offer a general means for significant sympathetic cooling of atomic or molecular ions. We present SIMION 7.0 simulation results concerning the advantages and limitations of sympathetic cooling within a hybrid trap apparatus, consisting of a linear rf Paul trap concentric with a Na magneto-optical trap (MOT). This paper explores the impact of various heating mechanisms on the hybrid system and how parameters related to the MOT, Paul trap, number of ions, and ion species affect the efficiency of the sympathetic cooling.

  4. Ion-neutral sympathetic cooling in a hybrid linear rf Paul and magneto-optical trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. S. Goodman; I. Sivarajah; J. E. Wells; F. A. Narducci; W. W. Smith

    2012-08-31

    Long range polarization forces between ions and neutral atoms result in large elastic scattering cross sections, e.g., 10^6 a.u. for Na+ on Na or Ca+ on Na at cold and ultracold temperatures. This suggests that a hybrid ion-neutral trap should offer a general means for significant sympathetic cooling of atomic or molecular ions. We present SIMION 7.0 simulation results concerning the advantages and limitations of sympathetic cooling within a hybrid trap apparatus, consisting of a linear rf Paul trap concentric with a Na magneto-optical trap (MOT). This paper explores the impact of various heating mechanisms on the hybrid system and how parameters related to the MOT, Paul trap, number of ions, and ion species affect the efficiency of the sympathetic cooling.

  5. Set Linear Algebra and Set Fuzzy Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2008-06-17

    In this book, the authors define the new notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized form of vector spaces. Set vector spaces make use of the least number of algebraic operations, therefore, even a non-mathematician is comfortable working with it. It is with the passage of time, that we can think of set linear algebras as a paradigm shift from linear algebras. Here, the authors have also given the fuzzy parallels of these new classes of set linear algebras. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter briefly recalls some of the basic concepts in order to make this book self-contained. Chapter two introduces the notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized concept of vector spaces. Set vector spaces lends itself to define new classes of vector spaces like semigroup vector spaces and group vector spaces. These are also generalization of vector spaces. The fuzzy analogue of these concepts are given in Chapter three. In Chapter four, set vector spaces are generalized to biset bivector spaces and not set vector spaces. This is done taking into account the advanced information technology age in which we live. As mathematicians, we have to realize that our computer-dominated world needs special types of sets and algebraic structures. Set n-vector spaces and their generalizations are carried out in Chapter five. Fuzzy n-set vector spaces are introduced in the sixth chapter. The seventh chapter suggests more than three hundred problems.

  6. Linear vs nonlinear and infinite vs finite: An interpretation of chaos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Protopopescu, V.

    1990-10-01

    An example of a linear infinite-dimensional system is presented that exhibits deterministic chaos and thus challenges the presumably unquestionable connection between chaos and nonlinearity. Via this example, the roles of, and relationships between, linearity, nonlinearity, infinity and finiteness in the occurrence of chaos are investigated. The analysis of these complementary but related aspects leads to: a new interpretation of chaos as the manifestation of incompressible and thus incompressible information and a conjecture about the nonexistence of operationally accessible linear systems.

  7. Concentrating Solar Power Projects | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And StatisticsProgram ManagerCorridor6YellowstonePermittingComputer System RetirementConcentrating

  8. Magnetic levitation configuration incorporating levitation, guidance and linear synchronous motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffey, Howard T. (Darien, IL)

    1993-01-01

    A propulsion and suspension system for an inductive repulsion type magnetically levitated vehicle which is propelled and suspended by a system which includes propulsion windings which form a linear synchronous motor and conductive guideways, adjacent to the propulsion windings, where both combine to partially encircling the vehicle-borne superconducting magnets. A three phase power source is used with the linear synchronous motor to produce a traveling magnetic wave which in conjunction with the magnets propel the vehicle. The conductive guideway combines with the superconducting magnets to provide for vehicle leviation.

  9. Magnetic levitation configuration incorporating levitation, guidance and linear synchronous motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffey, H.T.

    1993-10-19

    A propulsion and suspension system for an inductive repulsion type magnetically levitated vehicle which is propelled and suspended by a system which includes propulsion windings which form a linear synchronous motor and conductive guideways, adjacent to the propulsion windings, where both combine to partially encircling the vehicle-borne superconducting magnets. A three phase power source is used with the linear synchronous motor to produce a traveling magnetic wave which in conjunction with the magnets propel the vehicle. The conductive guideway combines with the superconducting magnets to provide for vehicle levitation. 3 figures.

  10. Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-11-10

    A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.

  11. Automated micro-tracking planar solar concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallas, Justin Matthew

    2011-01-01

    from Concentrix Solar," in Concentrator Photovoltaics, A.L.Solar Concentrators: Using optics to boost photovoltaics,”Solar Concentrators: Using optics to boost photovoltaics,”

  12. Automated micro-tracking planar solar concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallas, Justin Matthew

    2011-01-01

    self-tracking solar concentration: design and materialsself- tracking solar concentration: design and materialsSolar Concentrators," in International Optical Design

  13. Physics and Astronomy Geophysics Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Physics and Astronomy Geophysics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Term Dept. to Geophysics 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 CHE 1101 Introductory Chemistry - I 3 CHE 1110 Introductory Chemistry

  14. Concentrating Solar Power (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program

    2011-10-13

    Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) offers a utility-scale, firm, dispatchable renewable energy option that can help meet the nation's goal of making solar energy cost competitive with other energy sources by the end of the decade.

  15. Concentrating Solar Power Competitive Awards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE funds concentrating solar power (CSP) research and development (R&D) projects through competitive solicitations, which are released for public response as financial opportunity announcements. The following projects represent recent and ongoing research efforts.

  16. FAST ALTERNATING LINEARIZATION METHODS FOR MINIMIZING THE SUM OF TWO CONVEX FUNCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    .2) reduces to solving a linear system and (1.3) reduces to a vector shrinkage operation which requires O, which seeks a low-rank solution of a linear system, can be cast as min { 1 2 A(X) - b2 2 + X } ,(1

  17. Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01

    of concentrator photovoltaic systems using high-efficiencyconcentrator photovoltaic and photovoltaic/thermal systemof solar photovoltaic/thermal systems”, Solar Energy, 70 ,

  18. MATHEMATICS MAJOR CONCENTRATION/SPECIALIZATION APPLICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    MATHEMATICS MAJOR CONCENTRATION/SPECIALIZATION APPLICATION FORM Date _______________ Last Name/Year) __________ Check One Concentration/Specialization: Concentration in Mathematical Finance. Advisor: Professor Matthew Foreman (RH 440A, mforeman@math.uci.edu) Concentration in Mathematics for Education

  19. Effect of soiling in CPV systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vivar, M.; Herrero, R.; Anton, I.; Martinez-Moreno, F.; Moreton, R.; Sala, G.

    2010-07-15

    The effect of soiling in flat PV modules has been already studied, causing a reduction of the electrical output of 4% on average. For CPV's, as far as soiling produces light scattering at the optical collector surface, the scattered rays should be definitively lost because they cannot be focused onto the receivers again. While the theoretical study becomes difficult because soiling is variable at different sites, it becomes easier to begin the monitoring of the real field performance of concentrators and then raise the following question: how much does the soiling affect to PV concentrators in comparison with flat panels?' The answers allow to predict the PV concentrator electrical performance and to establish a pattern of cleaning frequency. Some experiments have been conducted at the IES-UPM and CSES-ANU sites, consisting in linear reflective concentration systems, a point focus refractive concentrator and a flat module. All the systems have been measured when soiled and then after cleaning, achieving different increases of I{sub SC}. In general, results show that CPV systems are more sensitive to soiling than flat panels, accumulating losses in I{sub SC} of about 14% on average in three different tests conducted at IES-UPM and CSES-ANU test sites in Madrid (Spain) and Canberra (Australia). Some concentrators can reach losses up to 26% when the system is soiled for 4 months of exposure. (author)

  20. The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra. A publication of the International Linear Algebra Society.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grudsky, Sergei

    The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra. A publication of the International Linear Algebra Society. Introduction and main results. Let lp n 1 p 1 be the linear space C n with the lp norm, kxkp = X j jxjjp 1=p

  1. Depletion, quantum jumps, and temperature measurements of ??Sr? ions in a linear Paul Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerme, Philip J

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and construction of two laser systems to probe the 674nm transition of ??Sr? ions in a linear Paul trap. The first laser system made use of a molecular transition in Iodine to stabilize the ...

  2. Concentrating Solar Power: Efficiently Leveraging Equilibrium...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Concentrating Solar Power: Efficiently Leveraging Equilibrium Mechanisms for Engineering New Thermochemical Storage Concentrating Solar Power: Efficiently Leveraging Equilibrium...

  3. Precision Polarimetry at the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Helebrant; D. Käfer; J. List

    2008-10-13

    The International Linear Collider (ILC) will collide polarised electrons and positrons at beam energies of 45.6 GeV to 250 GeV and optionally up to 500 GeV. To fully exploit the physics potential of this machine, not only the luminosity and beam energy have to be known precisely, but also the polarisation of the particles has to be measured with an unprecedented precision of dP/P ~ 0.25% for both beams. An overall concept of high precision polarisation measurements at high beam energies will be presented. The focus will be on the polarimeters (up- and downstream of the e+e- interaction point) embedded in the ILC beam delivery system. Some challenges concerning the design of the Compton spectrometers and the appropriate Cherenkov detectors for each polarimeter are discussed. Detailed studies of photodetectors and their readout electronics are presented focusing specifically on the linearity of the device, since this is expected to be the limiting factor on the precision of the polarisation measurement at the ILC.

  4. CURRICULUM CHECKSHEET Degree requirements -125-126 credits Electrical Engineering Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Perpectives (a) 3 Elective Science/Math/Engineering elective (c) 3 Spring Spring ECE103 DC Circuit Analysis or ECE452) 3 ECE311 Linear Systems Analysis I (ECE202; MATH340 or MATH345) 3 Technical Electives Any 400-Sci OR Professional & Technical Communication (CO150 or HONR193) 3 Spring Spring ECE312 Linear Systems Analysis II

  5. Seismic response of linear accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collette, C; Guinchard, M; Hauviller, C

    2010-01-01

    This paper is divided into two parts. The first part presents recent measurements of ground motion in the LHC tunnel at CERN. From these measurements, an update of the ground motion model currently used in accelerator simulations is presented. It contains new features like a model of the lateral motion and the technical noise. In the second part, it is shown how this model can be used to evaluate the seismic response of a linear accelerator in the frequency domain. Then, the approach is validated numerically on a regular lattice, taking the dynamic behavior of the machine alignment stage and the mechanical stabilization of the quadrupoles into account.

  6. Linear Accelerator | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015Tray and|Projects PagesLinear

  7. Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirpich, Aaron S. (Broomall, PA)

    1985-01-01

    Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.

  8. Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirpich, A.S.

    1983-12-08

    Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.

  9. Computational Geometry of Linear Threshold Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abelson, Harold

    1976-07-01

    Linear threshold machines are defined to be those whose computations are based on the outputs of a set of linear threshold decision elements. The number of such elements is called the rank of the machine. An analysis ...

  10. Linear Regression and Support Vector Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Qinfeng "Javen"

    Linear Regression and Support Vector Regression Paul Paisitkriangkrai paulp@cs.adelaide.edu.au The University of Adelaide 18 August 2014 #12;Outlines · Regression overview · Linear regression · Support vector regression · Machine learning tools available #12;Regression Overview CLUSTERING CLASSIFICATION REGRESSION

  11. Ultrashort Pulse Propagation in the Linear Regime 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jieyu

    2010-07-14

    First, we investigate the Bouguer-Lambert-Beer (BLB) law as applied to the transmission of ultrashort pulses through water in the linear absorption regime. We present a linear theory for propagation of ultrashort laser ...

  12. High speed linear induction motor efficiency optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew P. (Andrew Peter)

    2005-01-01

    One of the reasons linear motors, a technology nearly a century old, have not been adopted for a large number of linear motion applications is that they have historically had poor efficiencies. This has restricted the ...

  13. Proceedings of the International Linear Collider Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the International Linear Collider Workshop LCWS 2007 ILC 2007 Volume 1 Edited by Ariane Frey Sabine Riemann #12;Impressum Proceedings of the International Linear Collider Workshop LCWS

  14. OPTIMIZING OF SUMS AND PRODUCTS OF LINEAR FRACTIONAL FUNCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OPTIMIZING OF SUMS AND PRODUCTS OF LINEAR FRACTIONAL FUNCTIONS UNDER LINEAR CONSTRAINTS JOACHIM of two linear fractional functions under linear constraints. Results of computational experiments. Fractional programming, composite objective functions, linear fractional functions, Charnes

  15. Integrated solar thermal energy collector system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.D.

    1987-08-18

    A solar thermal collector system is described one of a class of devices which converts solar radiation into heat and transmits this heat to storage from whence it is utilized, comprising: an evacuated glass solar collector, the evacuated glass solar collector having a glass vacuum envelope, the upper portion of the glass vacuum envelope also serving as window to pass solar radiation, the evacuated glass solar collector having a multiplicity of substantially parallel linear adjacent concentrating troughs, each trough shaped and mirror surfaced so as concentrate solar radiation in the vacuum, the mirror surface inside the vacuum and the concentration approximately ideal, the multiplicity of substantially parallel linear adjacent troughs extending substantially over the entire length and width of the evacuated glass solar collector; a heat storage system, the heat storage system adjacent to the evacuated glass solar collector, the heat storage system having a heat storage tank which is thermally insulated, the heat storage tank containing a heat storage medium, and the heat storage system including means of removal of heat from the heat storage tank for utilization.

  16. -okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Stirling Engines N. C. J. Chen F. P. Griffin OPERATED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. #12;ORNL/CON-172 Engineering Technology Division* LINEAR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF FREE-PISTON STIRLING/dynamic problem that is associated with a free-piston Stirling engine (FPSE). The governing equations

  17. Communication Avoiding and Overlapping for Numerical Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touriño, Juan

    Communication Avoiding and Overlapping for Numerical Linear Algebra Evangelos Georganas1, Jorge exascale systems, communication cost must be avoided or overlapped. Communication-avoiding 2.5D algorithms. Communication overlap attempts to hide messaging latency by pipelining messages and overlapping

  18. Mathematical Analysis of Thermoplasticity with Linear Kinematic Hardening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racke, Reinhard

    Mathematical Analysis of Thermoplasticity with Linear Kinematic Hardening Krzysztof Che lmi#19;nski #3;y & Reinhard Racke z Abstract We study thermoplasticity with the Prandtl-Reuss ow rule approximation, converges to a global in time solution of the (modi#12;ed) system of thermoplasticity. AMS classi

  19. A Linearization Attack on the Bluetooth Key Stream Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    A Linearization Attack on the Bluetooth Key Stream Generator Frederik Armknecht ? University on the key stream generator underlying the E0 yet. 1 Introduction The encryption system E 0 , which key stream generator (KSG) is used. In this paper, we propose an attack on the underlying KSG. We

  20. Modeling of a detonation driven, linear electric generator facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Modeling of a detonation driven, linear electric generator facility E.M. Braun, E. Baydar, and F demonstrated that a PDE can be used for power generation and may be more efficient than a deflagration that involve coupling a PDE with different systems to drive a generator and produce electricity [2, 3]. One

  1. Linear types can change the world! Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    : copy a = (a, a), or that discard it: kill a = (). Neither change) is neither duplicated nor discarded. This paper discusses the use of a linear type system be used exactly * *once: like the world, they can be neither duplicated nor discarded. "No

  2. Thermal regeneration of an electrochemical concentration cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpelt, M.; Bates, J.K.

    1980-05-09

    A system and method are described for thermally regenerating an electrochemical concentration cell having first and second aluminum electrodes respectively positioned in contact with first and second electrolytes separated by an ion exchange member, the first and second electrolytes being composed of different concentrations of an ionic solvent and a salt, preferably an aluminum halide. The ionic solvent may be either organic or inorganic with a relatively low melting point, the ionic solvent and the salt form a complex wherein the free energy of formation of said complex is less than about -5 kcal/mole. A distillation column using solar heat or low grade industrial waste heat receives the first and second electrolytes and thermally decomposes the salt-solvent complex to provide feed material for the two half cells.

  3. Thermal regeneration of an electrochemical concentration cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Bates, John K. (Plainfield, IL)

    1981-01-01

    A system and method for thermally regenerating an electrochemical concentration cell having first and second aluminum electrodes respectively positioned in contact with first and second electrolytes separated by an ion exchange member, the first and second electrolytes being composed of different concentrations of an ionic solvent and a salt, preferably an aluminum halide. The ionic solvent may be either organic or inorganic with a relatively low melting point, the ionic solvent and the salt form a complex wherein the free energy of formation of said complex is less than about -5 Kcal/mole. A distillation column using solar heat or low grade industrial waste heat receives the first and second electrolytes and thermally decomposes the salt-solvent complex to provide feed material for the two half cells.

  4. Development of compact linear accelerator in KBSI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, Jang-Hee; Lee, Byoung-Seob; Choi, Seyong; Park, Jin Yong; Ok, Jung-Woo; Won, Mi-Sook [Busan Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-15

    The compact linear accelerator using a 28 GHz ECRIS is under construction in KBSI, South Korea. The main capability of this facility is the production of fast neurons for the neutron radiography. The designing of a superconducting magnet, microwave transmission system, beam extraction, and plasma chamber of ECRIS were finished. The nominal axial design fields of the magnets are 3.6 T at injection and 2.2 T at extraction; the nominal radial design field strength at the plasma chamber wall is 2.1 T. We already installed 10 kW, 28 GHz gyrotron, and tested a microwave power from gyrotron using a dummy load. The current status will be discussed in this paper.

  5. Another Detector for the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nural Akchurin; Sehwook Lee; Richard Wigmans; Hanna Arnold; Aaron Bazal; Robert Basili; John Hauptman; Tim Overton; Andrew Priest; Bingzhe Zhao; Alexander Mikhailichenko; Michele Cascella; Franco Grancagnolo; Giovanni Tassielli; Franco Bedeschi; Fabrizio Scuri; Sung Keun Park; Fedor Ignatov; Gabriella Gaudio; Michele Livan

    2013-07-25

    We describe another detectora designed for the International Linear Collider based on several tested instrumentation innovations in order to achieve the necessary experi- mental goal of a detecter that is 2-to-10 times better than the already excellent SLC and LEP detectors, in particular, (1) dual-readout calorimeter system based on the RD52/DREAM measurements at CERN, (2) a cluster-counting drift chamber based on the successful kloe chamber at Frascati, and (3) a second solenoid to return the magnetic flux without iron. A high-performance pixel vertex chamber is presently undefined. We discuss particle identification, momentum and energy resolutions, and the machine-detector interface that together offer the possibility of a very high-performance detector for $e^+e^-$physics up to $\\sqrt{s} = 1$ TeV.

  6. Batch-mode Supervised Learning Linear regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehenkel, Louis

    Batch-mode Supervised Learning Linear regression Applied inductive learning - Lecture 3 Louis (& Pierre Geurts)AIA... (1/19) #12;Batch-mode Supervised Learning Linear regression Batch-mode Supervised Learning Linear regression Least mean square error solution Regularization and algorithmics Residual

  7. MINIMIZING COMMUNICATION IN NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    MINIMIZING COMMUNICATION IN NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA* GREY BALLARD , JAMES DEMMEL , OLGA HOLTZ, i.e., essentially all direct methods of linear al- gebra. The proof works for dense or sparse our lower bound technique to compositions of linear algebra operations (like computing powers

  8. Depolarization of backscattered linearly polarized light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacoste, David

    Depolarization of backscattered linearly polarized light Luis Fernando Rojas-Ochoa Department of backscattered linearly polarized light with an extended photon dif- fusion formalism taking explicitly, the characteristic depolarization length for linearly polarized light, lp , is deduced. We investigate the dependence

  9. Method and apparatus for concentrating vapors for analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grate, Jay W. (West Richland, WA); Baldwin, David L. (Kennewick, WA); Anheier, Jr., Norman C. (Richland, WA)

    2012-06-05

    A pre-concentration device and a method are disclosed for concentrating gaseous vapors for analysis. Vapors sorbed and concentrated within the bed of the pre-concentration device are thermally desorbed, achieving at least partial separation of the vapor mixtures. The pre-concentration device is suitable, e.g., for pre-concentration and sample injection, and provides greater resolution of peaks for vapors within vapor mixtures, yielding detection levels that are 10-10,000 times better than direct sampling and analysis systems. Features are particularly useful for continuous unattended monitoring applications. The invention finds application in conjunction with, e.g., analytical instruments where low detection limits for gaseous vapors are desirable.

  10. Multijunction Photovoltaic Technologies for High-Performance Concentrators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, R.; Symko-Davies, M.

    2006-05-01

    Multijunction solar cells provide high-performance technology pathways leading to potentially low-cost electricity generated from concentrated sunlight. The National Center for Photovoltaics at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has funded different III-V multijunction solar cell technologies and various solar concentration approaches. Within this group of projects, III-V solar cell efficiencies of 41% are close at hand and will likely be reported in these conference proceedings. Companies with well-developed solar concentrator structures foresee installed system costs of $3/watt--half of today's costs--within the next 2 to 5 years as these high-efficiency photovoltaic technologies are incorporated into their concentrator photovoltaic systems. These technology improvements are timely as new large-scale multi-megawatt markets, appropriate for high performance PV concentrators, open around the world.

  11. Multijunction Photovoltaic Technologies for High-Performance Concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, R.; Symko-Davies, M.

    2006-01-01

    Multijunction solar cells provide high-performance technology pathways leading to potentially low-cost electricity generated from concentrated sunlight. The National Center for Photovoltaics at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has funded different III-V multijunction solar cell technologies and various solar concentration approaches. Within this group of projects, III-V solar cell efficiencies of 41% are close at hand and will likely be reported in these conference proceedings. Companies with well-developed solar concentrator structures foresee installed system costs of $3/watt--half of today's costs--within the next 2 to 5 years as these high-efficiency photovoltaic technologies are incorporated into their concentrator photovoltaic systems. These technology improvements are timely as new large-scale multi-megawatt markets, appropriate for high performance PV concentrators, open around the world.

  12. Concentration Averaging | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel TravelChallenges |1-01Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar

  13. Design of a Pulsed Flux Concentrator for the ILC Positron Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gronberg, J; Abbott, R; Brown, C; Javedani, J; Piggott, W T; Clarke, J

    2010-05-17

    The Positron Source for the International Linear Collider requires an optical matching device after the target to increase the capture efficiency for positrons. Pulsed flux concentrators have been used by previous machines to improve the capture efficiency but the ILC has a 1 ms long pulse train which is too long for a standard flux concentrator. A pulsed flux concentrator with a 40 ms flat top was created for a hyperon experiment in 1965 which used liquid nitrogen cooling to reduce the resistance of the concentrating plates and extend the lifetime of the pulse. We report on a design for a 1 ms device based on this concept.

  14. Linearity of Climate Response to Increases in Black Carbon Aerosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahajan, Salil [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Hack, James J [ORNL; Truesdale, John [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

    2013-01-01

    The impact of absorbing aerosols on global climate are not completely understood. Here, we present results of idealized experiments conducted with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) coupled to a slab ocean model (CAM4-SOM) to simulate the climate response to increases in tropospheric black carbon aerosols (BC) by direct and semi-direct effects. CAM4-SOM was forced with 0, 1x, 2x, 5x and 10x an estimate of the present day concentration of BC while maintaining their estimated present day global spatial and vertical distribution. The top of the atmosphere (TOA) radiative forcing of BC in these experiments is positive (warming) and increases linearly as the BC burden increases. The total semi-direct effect for the 1x experiment is positive but becomes increasingly negative for higher BC concentrations. The global average surface temperature response is found to be a linear function of the TOA radiative forcing. The climate sensitivity to BC from these experiments is estimated to be 0.42 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ when the semi-direct effects are accounted for and 0.22 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ with only the direct effects considered. Global average precipitation decreases linearly as BC increases, with a precipitation sensitivity to atmospheric absorption of 0.4 $\\%$ $\\textnormal W^{-1} \\textnormal m^{2}$ . The hemispheric asymmetry of BC also causes an increase in southward cross-equatorial heat transport and a resulting northward shift of the inter-tropical convergence zone in the simulations at a rate of 4$^{\\circ}$N $\\textnormal PW^{-1}$. Global average mid- and high-level clouds decrease, whereas the low-level clouds increase linearly with BC. The increase in marine stratocumulus cloud fraction over the south tropical Atlantic is caused by increased BC-induced diabatic heating of the free troposphere.

  15. Linearization of Moffat's Symmetric Complex Metric Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joakim Munkhammar

    2009-09-19

    In this paper we investigate a complex symmetric generalization of general relativity and in particular we investigate its linearized field equations. We begin by reviewing some basic definitions and structures in Moffat's symmetric complex metric field theory of gravity. We then move on to derive the linearized retarded complex field equations. In addition to this we also derive a linearization of Moffat's field equations based on the more rigorous Fermi coordinate approach. In conclusion it is shown that the linearized symmetric complex field equations leads to a complex form of gravitomagnetism. We also briefly review the gravitational wave equation from the source less linearized symmetric complex field equations and discuss some open problems.

  16. Linearization of scan velocity of resonant vibrating-mirror beam deflectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, E.S.; Chen, S.L.

    1991-01-15

    A means and method for producing linearization of scan velocity of resonant vibrating-mirror beam deflectors in laser scanning system including presenting an elliptical convex surface to the scanning beam to reflect the scanning beam to the focal plane of the scanning line. The elliptical surface is shaped to produce linear velocity of the reflective scanning beam at the focal plane. Maximization of linearization is accomplished by considering sets of criteria for different scanning applications. 6 figures.

  17. Quantum Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Kaplan; Gaëtan Leurent; Anthony Leverrier; María Naya-Plasencia

    2015-10-20

    Quantum computers, that may become available one day, will impact many scientific fields. Cryptography is certainly one of them since many asymmetric primitives would become insecure against an adversary with quantum capabilities. Cryptographers are already anticipating this threat by proposing and studying a number of potentially quantum-safe alternatives for those primitives. On the other hand, the situation of symmetric primitives which seem less vulnerable against quantum computing, has received much less attention. We need to prepare symmetric cryptography for the eventual arrival of the post-quantum world, as it is done with other cryptography branches. Cryptanalysis and security analysis are the only proper way to evaluate the security of symmetric primitives: our trust in specific ciphers relies on their ability to resist all known cryptanalysis tools. This requires a proper investigation of the toolkit of quantum cryptanalysis, that might include radically new attacks. This toolkit has not been much developed so far. In this paper, we study how some of the main cryptanalytic attacks behave in the post-quantum world. More specifically, we consider here quantum versions of differential and linear cryptanalysis. While running Grover's search algorithm on a quantum computer brings a quadratic speedup for brute-force attacks, we show that the situation is more subtle when considering specific cryptanalysis techniques. In particular, we give the quantum version of various classes of differential and linear attacks and show that the best attacks in the classical world do not necessarily lead to the best quantum ones. Some non-intuitive examples of application on ciphers LAC and KLEIN are provided.

  18. An Analysis of Linear Models, Linear Value-Function Approximation, and Feature Selection for Reinforcement Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Ronald

    An Analysis of Linear Models, Linear Value-Function Approximation, and Feature Selection, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA Abstract We show that linear value-function approxima- tion is equivalent to a form trees, neural networks, and linear functions. The first contribution of this paper shows that, when

  19. ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression Sometimes an experiment predict the value of Y for that value of x . The simple linear regression model is that the predicted for dealing with non-linear regression are available in the course text, but are beyond the scope

  20. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683 Published Numerical Linear Algebra and its Applications The fourth workshop of the ERCIM Working Group on `Matrix Computations and Statistics' and the First International workshop on `Numerical Linear Algebra and its