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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvements in linear particle accelerators are described. A drift tube system for a linear ion accelerator reduces gap capacity between adjacent drift tube ends. This is accomplished by reducing the ratio of the diameter of the drift tube to the diameter of the resonant cavity. Concentration of magnetic field intensity at the longitudinal midpoint of the external sunface of each drift tube is reduced by increasing the external drift tube diameter at the longitudinal center region.

Christofilos, N.C.; Polk, I.J.

1959-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

2

Phase and amplitude detection system for the Stanford Linear Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer controlled phase and amplitude detection system to measure and stabilize the rf power sources in the Stanford Linear Accelerator is described. This system measures the instantaneous phase and amplitude of a 1 microsecond 2856 MHz rf pulse and will be used for phase feedback control and for amplitude and phase jitter detection. This paper discusses the measurement system performance requirements for the operation of the Stanford Linear Collider, and the design and implementation of the phase and amplitude detection system. The fundamental software algorithms used in the measurement are described, as is the performance of the prototype phase and amplitude detector system.

Fox, J.D.; Schwarz, H.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Novel Approach to Linear Accelerator Superconducting Magnet System  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting Linear Accelerators include a superconducting magnet system for particle beam transportation that provides the beam focusing and steering. This system consists of a large number of quadrupole magnets and dipole correctors mounted inside or between cryomodules with SCRF cavities. Each magnet has current leads and powered from its own power supply. The paper proposes a novel approach to magnet powering based on using superconducting persistent current switches. A group of magnets is powered from the same power supply through the common, for the group of cryomodules, electrical bus and pair of current leads. Superconducting switches direct the current to the chosen magnet and close the circuit providing the magnet operation in a persistent current mode. Two persistent current switches were fabricated and tested. In the paper also presented the results of magnetic field simulations, decay time constants analysis, and a way of improving quadrupole magnetic center stability. Such approach substantially reduces the magnet system cost and increases the reliability.

Kashikhin, Vladimir; /Fermilab

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

4

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

5

Towards dense linear algebra for hybrid GPU accelerated manycore systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We highlight the trends leading to the increased appeal of using hybrid multicore+GPU systems for high performance computing. We present a set of techniques that can be used to develop efficient dense linear algebra algorithms for these systems. We illustrate ... Keywords: Dense linear algebra, Graphics processing units, Hybrid computing, Multicore processors, Parallel algorithms

Stanimire Tomov; Jack Dongarra; Marc Baboulin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Portable Linear Accelerator Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Minac-3, a miniaturized linear accelerator system. It covers the current equipment capabilities and achievable modifications, applications information for prospective users, and technical information on high-energy radiography that is useful for familiarization and planning. The design basis, development, and applications history of Minac are also summarized.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Dynamic MLC leaf sequencing for integrated linear accelerator control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Leaf positions for dynamic multileaf collimator (DMLC) intensity modulated radiation therapy must be closely synchronized with MU delivery. For the Varian C3 series MLC controller, if the planned trajectory (leaf position vs. MU) requires velocities exceeding the capability of the MLC, the leaves fall behind the planned positions, causing the controller to momentarily hold the beam and thereby introduce dosimetric errors. We investigated the merits of a new commercial linear accelerator, TrueBeam, that integrates MLC control with prospective dose rate modulation. If treatment is delivered at dose rates so high that leaves would fall behind, the controller reduces the dose rate such that harmony between MU and leaf position is preserved. Methods: For three sets of DMLC leaf trajectories, point doses and two-dimensional dose distributions were measured in phantom using an ionization chamber and film, respectively. The first set, delivered using both a TrueBeam and a conventional C3 controller, comprised a single leaf bank closing at planned velocities of 2.4, 7.1, and 14 cm/s. The maximum achievable leaf velocity for both systems was 3 cm/s. The remaining two sets were derived from clinical fluence maps using a commercial treatment planning system for a range of planned dose rates and were delivered using TrueBeam set to the maximum dose rate, 600 MU/min. Generating trajectories using a planned dose rate that is lower than the delivery dose rate effectively increased the leaf velocity constraint used by the planning system for trajectory calculation. The second set of leaf trajectories was derived from two fluence maps containing regions of zero fluence obtained from representative beams of two different patient treatment plans. The third set was obtained from all nine fields of a head and neck treatment plan. For the head and neck plan, dose-volume histograms of the spinal cord and target for each planned dose rate were obtained. Results: For the single closing leaf bank trajectories, the TrueBeam control system reduced the dose rate such that the leaf velocity was less than the maximum. Dose deviations relative to the 2.4 cm/s trajectory were less than 3%. For the conventional controller, the leaves repeatedly fell behind the planned positions until the beam hold threshold was reached, resulting in deviations of up to 19% relative to the 2.4 cm/s trajectory. For the two clinical fluence maps, reducing the planned dose rate reduced the dose in the zero fluence regions by 15% and 24% and increased the delivery time by 5 s and 14 s. No significant differences were noted in the high and intermediate dose regions measured using film. The DVHs for the head and neck plan showed a 10% reduction in cord dose for 20 MU/min relative to 600 MU/min sequencing dose rate, which was confirmed by measurement. No difference in target DVHs were observed. The reduction in cord dose increased total treatment time by 1.8 min. Conclusions: Leaf sequencing algorithms for integrated control systems should be modified to reflect the reduced importance of maximum leaf velocity for accurate dose delivery.

Popple, Richard A.; Brezovich, Ivan A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1700 6th Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35249-6832 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

North Linear Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Linear Accelerator North Linear Accelerator Building Exterior Beam Enclosure Level Walk to the North Spreader North Recombiner Extras! North Linear Accelerator The North Linear Accelerator is one of the two long, straight sections of Jefferson Lab's accelerator. Electrons gain energy in this section by passing through acceleration cavities. There are 160 cavities in this straightaway, all lined up end to end. That's enough cavities to increase an electron's energy by 400 million volts each time it passes through this section. Electrons can pass though this section as many as five times! The cavities are powered by microwaves that travel down the skinny rectangular pipes from the service buildings above ground. Since the cavities won't work right unless they are kept very cold, they

10

Solving Large Sparse Linear Systems in End-to-end Accelerator Structure Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a case study of solving very large sparse linear systems in end-to-end accelerator structure simulations. Both direct solvers and iterative solvers are investigated. A parallel multilevel preconditioner based on hierarchical finite element basis functions is considered and has been implemented to accelerate the convergence of iterative solvers. A linear system with matrix size 93,147,736 and with 3,964,961,944 non-zeros from 3D electromagnetic finite element discretization has been solved in less than 8 minutes with 1024 CPUs on the NERSC IBM SP. The resource utilization as well as the application performance for these solvers is discussed.

Lee, L

2004-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

11

Solving large-scale sparse eigenvalue problems and linear systems of equations for accelerator modeling  

SciTech Connect

The solutions of sparse eigenvalue problems and linear systems constitute one of the key computational kernels in the discretization of partial differential equations for the modeling of linear accelerators. The computational challenges faced by existing techniques for solving those sparse eigenvalue problems and linear systems call for continuing research to improve on the algorithms so that ever increasing problem size as required by the physics application can be tackled. Under the support of this award, the filter algorithm for solving large sparse eigenvalue problems was developed at Stanford to address the computational difficulties in the previous methods with the goal to enable accelerator simulations on then the world largest unclassified supercomputer at NERSC for this class of problems. Specifically, a new method, the Hemitian skew-Hemitian splitting method, was proposed and researched as an improved method for solving linear systems with non-Hermitian positive definite and semidefinite matrices.

Gene Golub; Kwok Ko

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

12

HEAVY ION LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator of heavy ions is described. The basic contributions of the invention consist of a method and apparatus for obtaining high energy particles of an element with an increased charge-to-mass ratio. The method comprises the steps of ionizing the atoms of an element, accelerating the resultant ions to an energy substantially equal to one Mev per nucleon, stripping orbital electrons from the accelerated ions by passing the ions through a curtain of elemental vapor disposed transversely of the path of the ions to provide a second charge-to-mass ratio, and finally accelerating the resultant stripped ions to a final energy of at least ten Mev per nucleon.

Van Atta, C.M.; Beringer, R.; Smith, L.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Linear Accelerator | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrons emitted from a cathode heated to 1100 C. The electrons are accelerated by high-voltage alternating electric fields in a linear accelerator (linac; photo below)....

14

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Some personal recollections are presented that relate to the author`s experience developing linear accelerators, particularly for protons. (LEW)

Alvarez, L. W.

1987-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

15

Berkeley Proton Linear Accelerator  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A linear accelerator, which increases the energy of protons from a 4 Mev Van de Graaff injector, to a final energy of 31.5 Mev, has been constructed. The accelerator consists of a cavity 40 feet long and 39 inches in diameter, excited at resonance in a longitudinal electric mode with a radio-frequency power of about 2.2 x 10{sup 6} watts peak at 202.5 mc. Acceleration is made possible by the introduction of 46 axial "drift tubes" into the cavity, which is designed such that the particles traverse the distance between the centers of successive tubes in one cycle of the r.f. power. The protons are longitudinally stable as in the synchrotron, and are stabilized transversely by the action of converging fields produced by focusing grids. The electrical cavity is constructed like an inverted airplane fuselage and is supported in a vacuum tank. Power is supplied by 9 high powered oscillators fed from a pulse generator of the artificial transmission line type.

Alvarez, L. W.; Bradner, H.; Franck, J.; Gordon, H.; Gow, J. D.; Marshall, L. C.; Oppenheimer, F. F.; Panofsky, W. K. H.; Richman, C.; Woodyard, J. R.

1953-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

Acceleration Modules in Linear Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Induction Accelerator (LIA) is a unique type of accelerator, which is capable to accelerate kiloAmpere charged particle current to tens of MeV energy. The present development of LIA in MHz busting mode and successful application into synchrotron broaden LIAs usage scope. Although transformer model is widely used to explain the acceleration mechanism of LIAs, it is not appropriate to consider the induction electric field as the field which accelerates charged particles for many modern LIAs. Authors examined the transition of the magnetic cores functions during LIA acceleration modules evolution, distinguished transformer type and transmission line type LIA acceleration modules, and reconsidered several related issues based on transmission line type LIA acceleration module. The clarified understanding should be helpful in the further development and design of the LIA acceleration modules.

Wang, Shaoheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

RF System Upgrades to the Advanced Photon Source Linear Accelerator in Support of the Fel Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The S-band linear accelerator, which was built to be the source of particles and the front end of the Advanced Photon Source injector, is now also being used to support a low-energy undulator test line (LEUTL) and to drive a free-electron laser (FEL). The more severe rf stability requirements of the FEL have resulted in an effort to identify sources of phase and amplitude instability and implement corresponding upgrades to the rf generation chain and the measurement system. Test data and improvements implemented and planned are described

Smith, T L; Grelick, A E; Pile, G; Nassiri, A; Arnold, N

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.

Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

19

Annual Planning Summaries: Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) Annual Planning Summaries: Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) Document(s) Available For Download January 11, 2012 2012 Annual Planning Summary...

20

The Klynac: An Integrated Klystron and Linear Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The Klynac concept integrates an electron gun, a radio frequency (RF) power source, and a coupled-cavity linear accelerator into a single resonant system

Potter, J. M., Schwellenbach, D., Meidinger, A.

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor when it is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

Parsons, W.M.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

Parsons, W.M.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

23

Experimental study of new laser-based alignment system at the KEK B-factory injector linear accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new laser-based alignment system for the precise alignment of accelerator components along an ideal straight line at the KEK B-factory injector linear accelerator (linac) is under development. This system is strongly required in the next generation of B-factories for the stable acceleration of high-brightness electron and positron beams with high bunch charges and also for maintaining the stability of injection beams with high quality. A new laser optics for the generation of a so-called Airy beam has been developed for the laser-based alignment system. The laser propagation characteristics both in vacuum and at atmospheric pressure have been systematically investigated in an 82-m-long straight section of the injector linac. The laser-based alignment measurements based on the new laser optics have been carried out with a measurement resolution of {+-}0.1 mm level by using an existing laser detection electronics. The horizontal and vertical displacements from a reference laser line measured using this system are in good agreement with those measured using a standard telescope-based optical alignment technique. In this report, we describe the experimental study in detail along with the basic designs and the recent developments in the new laser-based alignment system.

Suwada, T.; Satoh, M.; Kadokura, E. [Accelerator Laboratory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Independent Oversight Inspection, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - January 2007 Independent Oversight Inspection, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - January 2007 January 2007 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Programs at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security, conducted an inspection of environment, safety, and health (ES&H) programs at the DOE Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) during October and November 2006. The inspection was performed by Independent Oversight's Office of Environment, Safety and Health Evaluations. Since the 2004 Type A electrical accident, SSO and SLAC have made improvements in many aspects of ES&H programs. However, the deficiencies in

25

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

26

Variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator  

SciTech Connect

A linear accelerator system includes a plurality of post-coupled drift-tubes wherein each post coupler is bistably positionable to either of two positions which result in different field distributions. With binary control over a plurality of post couplers, a significant accumlative effect in the resulting field distribution is achieved yielding a variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator.

Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, James M. (Los Alamos, NM); Stovall, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM); Schamaun, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Clark, Donald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, R. Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Frank, Joseph A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC) 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC) The ongoing and projected Environmental...

29

Exact acceleration of linear object detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a general and exact method to considerably speed up linear object detection systems operating in a sliding, multi-scale window fashion, such as the individual part detectors of part-based models. The main bottleneck of many of those systems ... Keywords: linear object detection, part-based models

Charles Dubout; Fran$#231;ois Fleuret

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Improvements in dose accuracy delivered with static-MLC IMRT on an integrated linear accelerator control system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Dose accuracy has been shown to vary with dose per segment and dose rate when delivered with static multileaf collimator (SMLC) intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) by Varian C-series MLC controllers. The authors investigated the impact of monitor units (MUs) per segment and dose rate on the dose delivery accuracy of SMLC-IMRT fields on a Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator (LINAC), which delivers dose and manages motion of all components using a single integrated controller. Methods: An SMLC sequence was created consisting of ten identical 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} segments with identical MUs. Beam holding between segments was achieved by moving one out-of-field MLC leaf pair. Measurements were repeated for various combinations of MU/segment ranging from 1 to 40 and dose rates of 100-600 MU/min for a 6 MV photon beam (6X) and dose rates of 800-2400 MU/min for a 10 MV flattening-filter free photon (10XFFF) beam. All measurements were made with a Farmer (0.6 cm{sup 3}) ionization chamber placed at the isocenter in a solid-water phantom at 10 cm depth. The measurements were performed on two Varian LINACs: C-series Trilogy and TrueBeam. Each sequence was delivered three times and the dose readings for the corresponding segments were averaged. The effects of MU/segment, dose rate, and LINAC type on the relative dose variation ({Delta}{sub i}) were compared using F-tests ({alpha} = 0.05). Results: On the Trilogy, large {Delta}{sub i} was observed in small MU segments: at 1 MU/segment, the maximum {Delta}{sub i} was 10.1% and 57.9% at 100 MU/min and 600 MU/min, respectively. Also, the first segment of each sequence consistently overshot ({Delta}{sub i} > 0), while the last segment consistently undershot ({Delta}{sub i} dose rates greater than 100 MU/min. The linear trend of decreasing dose accuracy as a function of increasing dose rate on the Trilogy is no longer apparent on TrueBeam, even for dose rates as high as 2400 MU/min. Dose inaccuracy averaged over all ten segments in each beam delivery sequence was larger for Trilogy than TrueBeam, with the largest discrepancy (0.2% vs 3%) occurring for 1 MU/segment beams at both 300 and 600 MU/min. Conclusions: Earlier generations of Varian LINACs exhibited large dose variations for small MU segments in SMLC-IMRT delivery. Our results confirmed these findings. The dose delivery accuracy for SMLC-IMRT is significantly improved on TrueBeam compared to Trilogy for every combination of low MU/segment (1-10) and high dose rate (200-600 MU/min), in part due to the faster sampling rate (100 vs 20 Hz) and enhanced electronic integration of the MLC controller with the LINAC. SMLC-IMRT can be implemented on TrueBeam with higher dose accuracy per beam ({+-}0.2% vs {+-}3%) than previous generations of Varian C-series LINACs for 1 MU/segment delivered at 600 MU/min).

Li Ji; Wiersma, Rodney D.; Stepaniak, Christopher J.; Farrey, Karl J.; Al-Hallaq, Hania A. [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago, 5758 South Maryland Avenue, MC9006, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

High-gradient compact linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-gradient linear accelerator comprises a solid-state stack in a vacuum of five sets of disc-shaped Blumlein modules each having a center hole through which particles are sequentially accelerated. Each Blumlein module is a sandwich of two outer conductive plates that bracket an inner conductive plate positioned between two dielectric plates with different thicknesses and dielectric constants. A third dielectric core in the shape of a hollow cylinder forms a casing down the series of center holes, and it has a dielectric constant different that the two dielectric plates that sandwich the inner conductive plate. In operation, all the inner conductive plates are charged to the same DC potential relative to the outer conductive plates. Next, all the inner conductive plates are simultaneously shorted to the outer conductive plates at the outer diameters. The signal short will propagate to the inner diameters at two different rates in each Blumlein module. A faster wave propagates quicker to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the closer spacing and lower dielectric constant. When the faster wave reaches the inner extents of the outer and inner conductive plates, it reflects back outward and reverses the field in that segment of the dielectric core. All the field segments in the dielectric core are then in unipolar agreement until the slower wave finally propagates to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the wider spacing and higher dielectric constant. During such unipolar agreement, particles in the core are accelerated with gradients that exceed twenty megavolts per meter.

Carder, B.M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Linear induction accelerator and pulse forming networks therefor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities.

Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Ginn, Jerry W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Testing and Implementation Progress on the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator (Linac) High-Power S-band Switching System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An S-band linear accelerator is the source of particles and the front end of the Advanced Photon Source injector. In addition, it supports a low-energy undulator test line (LEUTL) and drives a free-electron laser (FEL). A waveguide-switching and distribution system is now under construction. The system configuration was revised to be consistent with the recent change to electron-only operation. There are now six modulator-klystron subsystems, two of which are being configured to act as hot spares for two S-band transmitters each, so that no single failure will prevent injector operation. The two subsystems are also used to support additional LEUTL capabilities and off-line testing. Design considerations for the waveguide-switching subsystem, topology selection, control and protection provisions, high-power test results, and current status are described

Grelick, A E; Berg, S; Dohan, D A; Goeppner, G A; Kang, Y W; Nassiri, A; Pasky, S; Pile, G; Smith, T; Stein, S J

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Conceptual design for a linear-transformer driver (LTD)-based refurbishment and upgrade of the Saturn accelerator pulse-power system.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to develop a conceptual design for the Saturn accelerator using the modular Liner-Transformer Driver (LTD) technology to identify risks and to focus development and research for this new technology. We present a reference design for a Saturn class driver based on a number of linear inductive voltage adders connected in parallel. This design is very similar to a design reported five years ago [1]. However, with the design reported here we use 1-MA, 100-kV LTD cavities as building blocks. These cavities have already been built and are currently in operation at the HCEI in Tomsk, Russia [2]. Therefore, this new design integrates already-proven individual components into a full system design.

Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos; Struve, Kenneth William

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Failure Analysis of the Beam Vacuum in the Superconducting Cavities of the TESLA Main Linear Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Failure Analysis of the Beam Vacuum in the Superconducting Cavities of the TESLA Main Linear Hamburg, Germany Abstract For the long term successful operation of the superconducting TESLA accelerator The beam vacuum system of the TESLA main linear accelerators contains about 20.000 superconducting cavities

36

LOADED WAVE GUIDES FOR LINEAR ACCELERATORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A periodically loaded waveguide having substantially coaxially arranged elements which provide an axial field for the acceleration of electrons is described. Radiofrequency energy will flow in the space between the inner wall of an outer guide and the peripheries of equally spaced irises or washes arranged coaxially with each other and with the outer guide, where the loading due to the geometry of the irises is such as to reduce the phase velocity of the r-f energy flowing in the guide from a value greater than that of light to the velocity of light or less.

Walkinshaw, W.; Mullett, L.B.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Considerations for a Dielectric-based Two-beam-accelerator Linear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WEPE033 Proceedings of IPAC'10, Kyoto, Japan 3428 03 Linear Colliders, Lepton Accelerators and New Acceleration Techniques A03 Linear Colliders high coupling coefficient...

38

Radio-frequency quadrupole resonator for linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An RFQ resonator for a linear accelerator having a reduced level of interfering modes and producing a quadrupole mode for focusing, bunching and accelerating beams of heavy charged particles, with the construction being characterized by four elongated resonating rods within a cylinder with the rods being alternately shorted and open electrically to the shell at common ends of the rods to provide an LC parallel resonant circuit when activated by a magnetic field transverse to the longitudinal axis.

Moretti, A.

1982-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

39

RF and Beam Diagnostic Instrumentation at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator (Linac)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RF and Beam Diagnostic Instrumentation at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator (Linac)

Grelick, A E; Arnold, N; White, M

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Construction, Commissioning and Operational Experience of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Construction, Commissioning and Operational Experience of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator

White, M; Berg, W; Cours, A; Fuja, R; Grelick, A E; Ko, K; Qian, Y L; Russell, T; Sereno, N S; Wesolowski, W

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 of 13 10/16/2006 FACILITY EMERGENCY PLAN February, 2006 SSRL Safety Office Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Menlo Park, California TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE SSRL EMERGENCY PLAN SECTION A: SAFETY RESPONSIBILITIES 1.0 SSRL Emergency Personnel 1.1 SLAC Person - In - Charge (PIC) 1.2 SSRL Beamline Duty Operator

Ford, James

42

RFQ accelerator tuning system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cooling system is provided for maintaining a preselected operating temperature in a device, which may be an RFQ accelerator, having a variable heat removal requirement, by circulating a cooling fluid through a cooling system remote from the device. Internal sensors in the device enable an estimated error signal to be generated from parameters which are indicative of the heat removal requirement from the device. Sensors are provided at predetermined locations in the cooling system for outputting operational temperature signals. Analog and digital computers define a control signal functionally related to the temperature signals and the estimated error signal, where the control signal is defined effective to return the device to the preselected operating temperature in a stable manner. The cooling system includes a first heat sink responsive to a first portion of the control signal to remove heat from a major portion of the circulating fluid. A second heat sink is responsive to a second portion of the control signal to remove heat from a minor portion of the circulating fluid. The cooled major and minor portions of the circulating fluid are mixed in response to a mixing portion of the control signal, which is effective to proportion the major and minor portions of the circulating fluid to establish a mixed fluid temperature which is effective to define the preselected operating temperature for the remote device. In an RFQ environment the stable temperature control enables the resonant frequency of the device to be maintained at substantially a predetermined value during transient operations.

Bolie, Victor W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

RECENT PROGRESS TOWARD A MUON RECIRCULATING LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

SciTech Connect

Both Neutrino Factories (NF) and Muon Colliders (MC) require very rapid acceleration due to the short lifetime of muons. After a capture and bunching section, a linac raises the energy to about 900 MeV, and is followed by one or more Recirculating Linear Accelerators (RLA), possibly followed by a Rapid Cycling Synchnotron (RCS) or Fixed-Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) ring. A RLA reuses the expensive RF linac section for a number of passes at the price of having to deal with different energies within the same linac. Various techniques including pulsed focusing quadruopoles, beta frequency beating, and multipass arcs have been investigated via simulations to improve the performance and reduce the cost of such RLAs.

Slawomir Bogacz, Vasiliy Morozov, Yves Roblin, Kevin Beard

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

ION ACCELERATION SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Well focused, intense ion beams are obtained by providing a multi- apertured source grid in front of an ion source chamber and an accelerating multi- apertured grid closely spaced from and in alignment with the source grid. The longest dimensions of the elongated apertures in the grids are normal to the direction of the magnetic field used with the device. Large ion currents may be withdrawn from the source, since they do not pass through any small focal region between the grids.

Luce, J.S.; Martin, J.A.

1960-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

Transverse emittance dilution due to coupler kicks in linear accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main concerns in the design of low emittance linear accelerators (linacs) is the preservation of beam emittance. Here we discuss one possible source of emittance dilution due to transverse electromagnetic fields in the accelerating cavities of the linac caused by the power coupler geometry. It is common wisdom that emittance growth from coupler kicks can be strongly reduced by having the coupler location alternate from above to below the beam pipe so that the coupler kick from one cavity is compensated by that of the next. While this is correct, alternating the coupler location requires large technical changes in superconducting cryomodules where cryogenic pipes are arranged parallel to a string of several cavities. We show here that cavities with high external $Q$ have coupler kicks that change the sign of their phase when the coupler is moved from before to after the cavity, as long as one accelerates on crest. This implies that the emittance growth from one cavity can be canceled by the next, pr...

Buckley, Brandon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Cryogen free superconducting splittable quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A new superconducting quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators was fabricated at Fermilab. The magnet is designed to work inside a cryomodule in the space between SCRF cavities. SCRF cavities must be installed inside a very clean room adding issues to the magnet design, and fabrication. The designed magnet has a splittable along the vertical plane configuration and could be installed outside of the clean room around the beam pipe previously connected to neighboring cavities. For more convenient assembly and replacement a 'superferric' magnet configuration with four racetrack type coils was chosen. The magnet does not have a helium vessel and is conductively cooled from the cryomodule LHe supply pipe and a helium gas return pipe. The quadrupole generates 36 T integrated magnetic field gradient, has 600 mm effective length, and the peak gradient is 54 T/m. In this paper the quadrupole magnetic, mechanical, and thermal designs are presented, along with the magnet fabrication overview and first test results.

Kashikhin, V.S.; Andreev, N.; Kerby, J.; Orlov, Y.; Solyak, N.; Tartaglia, M.; Velev, G.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Linear Fixed-Field Multi-Pass Arcs for Recirculating Linear Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Recirculating Linear Accelerators (RLA's) provide a compact and efficient way of accelerating particle beams to medium and high energies by reusing the same linac for multiple passes. In the conventional scheme, after each pass, the different energy beams coming out of the linac are separated and directed into appropriate arcs for recirculation, with each pass requiring a separate fixed-energy arc. In this paper we present a concept of an RLA return arc based on linear combined-function magnets, in which two and potentially more consecutive passes with very different energies are transported through the same string of magnets. By adjusting the dipole and quadrupole components of the constituting linear combined-function magnets, the arc is designed to be achromatic and to have zero initial and final reference orbit offsets for all transported beam energies. We demonstrate the concept by developing a design for a droplet-shaped return arc for a dog-bone RLA capable of transporting two beam passes with momenta different by a factor of two. We present the results of tracking simulations of the two passes and lay out the path to end-to-end design and simulation of a complete dog-bone RLA.

V.S. Morozov, S.A. Bogacz, Y.R. Roblin, K.B. Beard

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ion effects in future circular and linear accelerators  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the author discusses ion effects relevant to future storage rings and linear colliders. The author first reviews the conventional ion effects observed in present storage rings and then discusses how these effects will differ in the next generation of rings and linacs. These future accelerators operate in a new regime because of the high current long bunch trains and the very small transverse beam emittances. Usually, storage rings are designed with ion clearing gaps to prevent ion trapping between bunch trains or beam revolutions. Regardless, ions generated within a single bunch train can have significant effects. The same is true in transport lines and linacs, where typical vacuum pressures are relatively high. Amongst other effects, the author addresses the tune spreads due to the ions and the resulting filamentation which can severely limit emittance correction techniques in future linear colliders, the bunch-to-bunch coupling due to the ions which can cause a multi-bunch instability with fast growth rates, and the betatron coupling and beam halo creation which limit the vertical emittance and beam lifetimes.

Raubenheimer, T.O.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Accelerator and rf system development for NLC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental station for an X-band Next Linear Collider has been constructed at SLAC. This station consists of a klystron and modulator, a low-loss waveguide system for rf power distribution, a SLED II pulse-compression and peak-power multiplication system, acceleration sections and beam-line components (gun, prebuncher, preaccelerator, focussing elements and spectrometer). An extensive program of experiments to evaluate the performance of all components is underway. The station is described in detail in this paper, and results to date are presented.

Vlieks, A.E.; Callin, R.; Deruyter, H. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)] [and others

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC SO) (See also Science).

51

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford, California  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the preliminary findings from the first phase of the Survey of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) at Stanford, California, conducted February 29 through March 4, 1988. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Individual team components are being supplied by a private contractor. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with the SLAC. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation and is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. This phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations at the SLAC, and interviews with site personnel. The Survey team is developing a Sampling and Analysis Plan to assist in further assessing certain of the environmental problems identified during its on-site activities. The Sampling and Analysis Plan will be executed by a DOE National Laboratory or a support contractor. When completed, the results will be incorporated into the Environmental Survey Interim Report for the SLAC facility. The Interim Report will reflect the final determinations of the SLAC Survey. 95 refs., 25 figs., 25 tabs.

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Intraoperative radiation therapy using mobile electron linear accelerators: Report of AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee Task Group No. 72  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) has been customarily performed either in a shielded operating suite located in the operating room (OR) or in a shielded treatment room located within the Department of Radiation Oncology. In both cases, this cancer treatment modality uses stationary linear accelerators. With the development of new technology, mobile linear accelerators have recently become available for IORT. Mobility offers flexibility in treatment location and is leading to a renewed interest in IORT. These mobile accelerator units, which can be transported any day of use to almost any location within a hospital setting, are assembled in a nondedicated environment and used to deliver IORT. Numerous aspects of the design of these new units differ from that of conventional linear accelerators. The scope of this Task Group (TG-72) will focus on items that particularly apply to mobile IORT electron systems. More specifically, the charges to this Task Group are to (i) identify the key differences between stationary and mobile electron linear accelerators used for IORT (ii) describe and recommend the implementation of an IORT program within the OR environment, (iii) present and discuss radiation protection issues and consequences of working within a nondedicated radiotherapy environment, (iv) describe and recommend the acceptance and machine commissioning of items that are specific to mobile electron linear accelerators, and (v) design and recommend an efficient quality assurance program for mobile systems.

Sam Beddar, A.; Biggs, Peter J.; Chang Sha; Ezzell, Gary A.; Faddegon, Bruce A.; Hensley, Frank W.; Mills, Michael D. [Department of Radiation Physics, Division of Radiation Oncology, Unit 94, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, Arizona 85259 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (United States)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Tuning the DARHT Axis-II linear induction accelerator focusing  

SciTech Connect

Flash radiography of large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives is a well-known diagnostic technique in use at many laboratories, and the Dual-Axis Radiography for Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos produces flash radiographs of large hydrodynamic experiments. Two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) make the bremsstrahlung radiographic source spots for orthogonal views of each test. The 2-kA, 20-MeV Axis-I LIA creates a single 60-ns radiography pulse. The 1.7-kA, 16.5-MeV Axis-II LIA creates up to four radiography pulses by kicking them out of a longer pulse that has a 1.6-{mu}s flattop. The Axis-II injector, LIA, kicker, and downstream transport (DST) to the bremsstrahlung converter are described. Adjusting the magnetic focusing and steering elements to optimize the electron-beam transport through an LIA is often called 'tuning.' As in all high-current LIAs, the focusing field is designed to be as close to that of the ideal continuous solenoid as physically possible. In ideal continuous solenoidal transport a smoothly varying beam size can easily be found for which radial forces balance, and the beam is said to be 'matched' to the focusing field. A 'mismatched' beam exhibits unwanted oscillations in size, which are a source of free energy that contributes to emittance growth. This is undesirable, because in the absence of beam-target effects, the radiographic spot size is proportional to the emittance. Tuning the Axis-II LIA is done in two steps. First, the solenoidal focusing elements are set to values designed to provide a matched beam with little or no envelope oscillations, and little or no beam-breakup (BBU) instability growth. Then, steering elements are adjusted to minimize the motion of the centroid of a well-centered beam at the LIA exit. This article only describes the design of the tune for the focusing solenoids. The DARHT Axis-II LIA was required to be re-tuned after installing an accelerator cell to replace a failed solenoid in March of 2012. We took advantage of this opportunity to improve the design of the focusing tune with better models of the remaining partially failed solenoids, better estimates of beam initial conditions, and better values for pulsed-power voltages. As with all previous tunes for Axis-II, this one incorporates measures to mitigate beam-breakup (BBU) instability, image displacement instability (IDI), corkscrew (sweep), and emittance growth. Section II covers the general approach to of design of focusing solenoid tunes for the DARHT Axis-2 LIA. Section III explains the specific requirements and simulations needed to design the tune for the injector, which includes the thermionic electron source, diode, and six induction cells. Section IV explains the requirements and simulations for tuning the main accelerator, which consists of 68 induction cells. Finally, Section V explores sensitivity of the tune to deviations of parameters from nominal, random variations, and uncertainties in values. Four appendices list solenoid settings for this new tune, discuss comparisons of different simulation codes, show halo formation in mismatched beams, and present a brief discussion of the beam envelope equation, which is the heart of the method used to design LIA solenoid tunes.

Ekdahl, Carl A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

54

Low energy improvements to the Fermilab 400-MeV linear accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Improvements in the Fermilab operating 400-MeV linear accelerator injector are required to achieve the beam intensity and emittance requirement of the Proton Driver design study [5]. It has been determined that these requirements can be achieved by replacing the components in the Linac below 10 MeV. An improved H{sup {minus}} ion source with an electrostatic transport to a two-section Radio-Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator, with the RFQ sections separated by a magnetic five-dimensional phase-space imaging system as used in an earlier Fermilab/SAIC PET Project, and a new 10-MeV drift-tube linac cavity have been studied. It appears possible that an H{sup {minus}} intensity of 4.5 x 10{sup 13} ions per pulse with an improvement in beam emittance from the present system can be achieved with the proposed changes.

Don E. Young et al.

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

55

Solving linear program as linear system in polynomial time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically concise polynomial-time iterative-cum-non-iterative algorithm is presented to solve the linear program (LP) Minc^txsubject toAx=b,x>=0. The iterative part-a variation of Karmarkar projective transformation algorithm-is essentially due to ... Keywords: Barnes algorithm, Error-free computation, Linear program, Linear system, Matlab program, Polynomial-time iterative-cum-non-iterative algorithm

Syamal K. Sen; Suja Ramakrishnan; Ravi P. Agarwal

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

International Linear Collider Accelerator Physics R&D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ILC work at Illinois has concentrated primarily on technical issues relating to the design of the accelerator. Because many of the problems to be resolved require a working knowledge of classical mechanics and electrodynamics, most of our research projects lend themselves well to the participation of undergraduate research assistants. The undergraduates in the group are scientists, not technicians, and find solutions to problems that, for example, have stumped PhD-level staff elsewhere. The ILC Reference Design Report calls for 6.7 km circumference damping rings (which prepare the beams for focusing) using “conventional” stripline kickers driven by fast HV pulsers. Our primary goal was to determine the suitability of the 16 MeV electron beam in the AØ region at Fermilab for precision kicker studies.We found that the low beam energy and lack of redundancy in the beam position monitor system complicated the analysis of our data. In spite of these issues we concluded that the precision we could obtain was adequate to measure the performance and stability of a production module of an ILC kicker, namely 0.5%. We concluded that the kicker was stable to an accuracy of ~2.0% and that we could measure this precision to an accuracy of ~0.5%. As a result, a low energy beam like that at AØ could be used as a rapid-turnaround facility for testing ILC production kicker modules. The ILC timing precision for arrival of bunches at the collision point is required to be 0.1 picosecond or better. We studied the bunch-to-bunch timing accuracy of a “phase detector” installed in AØ in order to determine its suitability as an ILC bunch timing device. A phase detector is an RF structure excited by the passage of a bunch. Its signal is fed through a 1240 MHz high-Q resonant circuit and then down-mixed with the AØ 1300 MHz accelerator RF. We used a kind of autocorrelation technique to compare the phase detector signal with a reference signal obtained from the phase detector’s response to an event at the beginning of the run. We determined that the device installed in our beam, which was instrumented with an 8-bit 500 MHz ADC, could measure the beam timing to an accuracy of 0.4 picoseconds. Simulations of the device showed that an increase in ADC clock rate to 2 GHz would improve measurement precision by the required factor of four. As a result, we felt that a device of this sort, assuming matters concerning dynamic range and long-term stability can be addressed successfully, would work at the ILC. Cost effective operation of the ILC will demand highly reliable, fault tolerant and adaptive solutions for both hardware and software. The large numbers of subsystems and large multipliers associated with the modules in those subsystems will cause even a strong level of unit reliability to become an unacceptable level of system availability. An evaluation effort is underway to evaluate standards associated with high availability, and to guide ILC development with standard practices and well-supported commercial solutions. One area of evaluation involves the Advanced Telecom Computing Architecture (ATCA) hardware and software. We worked with an ATCA crate, processor monitors, and a small amount of ATCA circuit boards in order to develop a backplane “spy” board that would let us watch the ATCA backplane communications and pursue development of an inexpensive processor monitor that could be used as a physics-driven component of the crate-level controls system. We made good progress, and felt that we had determined a productive direction to extend this work. We felt that we had learned enough to begin designing a workable processor monitor chip if there were to be sufficient interest in ATCA shown by the ILC community. Fault recognition is a challenging issue in the crafting a high reliability controls system. With tens of thousands of independent processors running hundreds of thousands of critical processes, how can the system identify that a problem has arisen and determine the appropriate steps to take to correct, or compensate, for the

George D. Gollin; Michael Davidsaver; Michael J. Haney; Michael Kasten; Jason Chang; Perry Chodash; Will Dluger; Alex Lang; Yehan Liu

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

57

FLUKA calculations of radionuclides, star, and neutron fluence in soil around high-energy electron and proton linear accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLUKA calculations of radionuclides, star, and neutron fluence in soil around high-energy electron and proton linear accelerators

Puryear, A; Rokni, S H

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

On linear models for nonlinear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Best linear time-invariant (LTI) approximations are analysed for several interesting classes of discrete nonlinear time-invariant systems. These include nonlinear finite impulse response systems and a class of nonsmooth systems called bi-gain systems. ... Keywords: Approximation, Discrete-time systems, Fréchet derivative, Linear models, Nonlinear systems, System identification, Wiener systems

P. M. MäKilä; J. R. Partington

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

EA-1904: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear 4: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, California EA-1904: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, California Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposed construction of the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. For more information, contact: Mr. Dave Osugi DOE SLAC Site Office 2575 Sand Hill Road, MS8A Menlo Park, CA 94025 Electronic mail: dave.osugi@sso.science.doe.gov Documents Available for Download March 7, 2012 EA-1904: Finding of No Significant Impact Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, CA

60

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - CT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - CT 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator (CT.05) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Haven , Connecticut CT.05-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.05-3 Site Operations: Research and development with solvents. CT.05-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited amount of materials handled CT.05-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium, Radium CT.05-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator CT.05-1 - MED Memorandum; To the Files, Thru Ruhoff, et. al.;

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61

EA-1904: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

04: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear 04: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, California EA-1904: Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, California Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposed construction of the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. For more information, contact: Mr. Dave Osugi DOE SLAC Site Office 2575 Sand Hill Road, MS8A Menlo Park, CA 94025 Electronic mail: dave.osugi@sso.science.doe.gov Documents Available for Download March 7, 2012 EA-1904: Finding of No Significant Impact Linac Coherent Light Source II at Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, San Mateo, CA

62

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Problems of Linearized Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach, referred to as the accelerated iterative method (AIM), is developed for obtaining steady atmospheric responses with a zonally varying basic state. The linear dynamical operator is divided into two parts, one associated with the ...

Masahiro Watanabe; Fei-fei Jin; Lin Pan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Visual Outcome in Meningiomas Around Anterior Visual Pathways Treated With Linear Accelerator Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Meningiomas threatening the anterior visual pathways (AVPs) and not amenable for surgery are currently treated with multisession stereotactic radiotherapy. Stereotactic radiotherapy is available with a number of devices. The most ubiquitous include the gamma knife, CyberKnife, tomotherapy, and isocentric linear accelerator systems. The purpose of our study was to describe a case series of AVP meningiomas treated with linear accelerator fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) using the multiple, noncoplanar, dynamic conformal rotation paradigm and to compare the success and complication rates with those reported for other techniques. Patients and Methods: We included all patients with AVP meningiomas followed up at our neuro-ophthalmology unit for a minimum of 12 months after FSRT. We compared the details of the neuro-ophthalmologic examinations and tumor size before and after FSRT and at the end of follow-up. Results: Of 87 patients with AVP meningiomas, 17 had been referred for FSRT. Of the 17 patients, 16 completed >12 months of follow-up (mean 39). Of the 16 patients, 11 had undergone surgery before FSRT and 5 had undergone FSRT as first-line management. Tumor control was achieved in 14 of the 16 patients, with three meningiomas shrinking in size after RT. Two meningiomas progressed, one in an area that was outside the radiation field. The visual function had improved in 6 or stabilized in 8 of the 16 patients (88%) and worsened in 2 (12%). Conclusions: Linear accelerator fractionated RT using the multiple noncoplanar dynamic rotation conformal paradigm can be offered to patients with meningiomas that threaten the anterior visual pathways as an adjunct to surgery or as first-line treatment, with results comparable to those reported for other stereotactic RT techniques.

Stiebel-Kalish, Hadas, E-mail: kalishhadas@gmail.com [Neuro-Ophthalmology Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva (Israel); Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Reich, Ehud [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Department of Ophthalmology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva (Israel); Gal, Lior [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Rappaport, Zvi Harry [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Department of Neurosurgery, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva (Israel); Nissim, Ouzi [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Stereotactic Radiosurgery Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan (Israel); Department of Neurosurgery, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan (Israel); Pfeffer, Raphael [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Stereotactic Radiosurgery Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan (Israel); Spiegelmann, Roberto [Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Stereotactic Radiosurgery Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan (Israel); Department of Neurosurgery, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan (Israel)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Superstructure for high current applications in superconducting linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superstructure for accelerating charged particles at relativistic speeds. The superstructure consists of two weakly coupled multi-cell subunits equipped with HOM couplers. A beam pipe connects the subunits and an HOM damper is included at the entrance and the exit of each of the subunits. A coupling device feeds rf power into the subunits. The subunits are constructed of niobium and maintained at cryogenic temperatures. The length of the beam pipe between the subunits is selected to provide synchronism between particles and rf fields in both subunits.

Sekutowicz, Jacek (Elbchaussee, DE); Kneisel, Peter (Williamsburg, VA)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

65

The First Observation of Intra Beam Stripping of Negative Hydrogen in a Superconducting Linear Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on an experiment in which a negative hydrogen ions beam in the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) linear accelerator was replaced with a beam of protons with similar size and dynamics. Beam loss in the superconducting part of the SNS accelerator was at least an order of magnitude lower for the proton beam. Also beam loss has a stronger dependence on intensity with H- than with proton beams. These measurements verify a recent theoretical explanation of unexpected beam losses in the SNS superconducting linear accelerator based on an intra beam stripping mechanism for negative hydrogen ions. An identification of the new physics mechanism for beam loss is important for the design of new high current linear ion accelerators and the performance improvement of existing machines

Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL; Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL; Galambos, John D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

RHIC sextant test: Accelerator systems and performance  

SciTech Connect

One sextant of the RHIC Collider was commissioned in early 1997 with beam. We describe here the performance of the accelerator systems, instrumentation subsystems and application software. We also describe a ramping test without beam that took place after the commissioning with beam. Finally, we analyze the implications of accelerator systems performance and their impact on the planning for RHIC installation and commissioning.

Pilat, F.; Trbojevic, D.; Ahrens, L. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

APS Accelerator Systems Division Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Source and pursues research and development profitable to the science of accelerators and future light source technologies. Featured Image Two 352-MHz1-kW CW solid...

68

Linearized error analysis for an accelerator and application to the APS injector synchrotron  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a tolerance budget for accelerators dictated by the linear transverse dynamics of particle motion. The linearized equations satisfied by the particle motion when errors in the lattice are present are given along with the solution to these equations. The forms of these errors giving rise to the linearized equation are stated. These results are used to derive a tolerance budget for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) injector synchrotron.

Koul, R.K.; Mills, F.E.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Solar system constraints on Rindler acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the classical tests of general relativity in the presence of Rindler acceleration. Among these tests the perihelion shifts give the tightest constraints and indicate that the Pioneer anomaly cannot be caused by a universal solar system Rindler acceleration. We address potential caveats for massive test-objects. Our tightest bound on Rindler acceleration that comes with no caveats is derived from radar echo delay and yields |a|<3nm/s^2.

Sante Carloni; Daniel Grumiller; Florian Preis

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER FY 2004 FY2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of natural gas, compressed air, cooling-tower water, chilled water and hot water systems. These systems LF 3 sensors and PLC controllers at least two (2) out of four (4) cooling towers: 101, 1201, 1202 and 1701 therefore allowing optimizing the blow-down cycles. 27. Implement Title II design of campus cooling tower CT

Wechsler, Risa H.

71

Smart Suspension System for Linear Guideways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method for the semi-active control of the span system of linear guideways subjected to a travelling load. Two elastic beams are coupled by a set of controlled dampers. The relative velocity of the spans provides an opportunity ... Keywords: Linear guideway, Moving load, Semi-active control, Smart suspension system, Vibration control

Dominik Pisarski; Czeslaw I. Bajer

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Useful Links Useful Links Argonne National Laboratory Accelerator Sites Conferences Advanced Photon Source (APS) Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) High Energy Physics Division RIA (????) Link to JACoW (Joint Accelerator Conferences Website) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermilab-Argonne Collaboration Accelerator Physics Center Workshops Other Accelerator Institutes Energy Recovering Linacs Center for Advance Studies of Accelerators (Jefferson Labs) Center for Beam Physics (LBNL) Accelerator Test Facility (BNL) The Cockcroft Institute (Daresbury, UK) John Adams Institute (Rutherford, UK) ERL2009 to be held at Cornell ERL2007 ERL2005 DOE Laboratory with Accelerators Fermilab Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Brookhaven National Laboratory

73

The CEBAF cryogenic system: Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility  

SciTech Connect

The CEBAF superconducting linear accelerator incorporates cryogenic refrigeration equipment at three locations within the site: the Central Helium Liquefier, located in the center of the accelerator; the experimental end station refrigerator; and the test laboratory refrigerator located in the Cryogenic Test Facility (CTF) adjacent to the test laboratory. The CEBAF cryogenic system will provide 2K refrigeration to the linacs of the accelerator and test laboratory and 4.5K refrigeration for the end station experimental halls. The Central Helium Liquefier and the test laboratory systems will produce 45K supercritical gaseous helium for shield refrigeration. Liquid nitrogen shields will also be incorporated in the test laboratory and end stations. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Chronis, W.C.; Arenius, D.; Kashy, D.; Keesee, M.; Rode, C.H.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

(Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) annual environmental monitoring report, January--December 1989  

SciTech Connect

This progress report discusses environmental monitoring activities at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center for 1989. Topics include climate, site geology, site water usage, land use, demography, unusual events or releases, radioactive and nonradioactive releases, compliance summary, environmental nonradiological program information, environmental radiological program information, groundwater protection monitoring ad quality assurance. 5 figs., 7 tabs. (KJD)

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Linear Analysis on the Acceleration of Zonal Flow by Baroclinic Instability. Part I. Terrestrial Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanism which accelerates the midlatitude zonal-mean wind is investigated by means of linear stability analysis for the wave-zonal flow interaction. Two kinds of models are analyzed: In the first, the basic state consists of an unstable zonal-...

T. Sasamori; K. Droegemeier

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Accelerator technology for the LANL ATW system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory concept for accelerator transmutation of nuclear waste (ATW) employs a high-power proton linear accelerator to generate intense fluxes of thermal neutrons (> 10{sup 16} n/cm{sup 20} {center dot} s) through spallation on a lead-bismuth target. The nominal beam energy for a ATW accelerator is 1.6 GeV, and the average current requirements range from 250 to 30 mA, depending on application specifics. A recent study of accelerator production of tritium (APT) led to the development of a detailed point design for a 1.6-GeV, 250-mA cw proton linac. The accelerator design was reviewed by the Energy Research Advisory Board and found to be technically sound. The panel concluded that a linac of this power level could now be implemented within the existing technology base, given an adequate component development program and an integrated engineering demonstration of the front end. The APT linac can be taken as representing the upper bound of ATW power requirements.

Lawrence, G.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The EMMA Accelerator, a Diagnostic Systems Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 'EMMA' Non-Scaling Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (ns-FFAG) international project is currently being commissioned at Daresbury Laboratory, UK. This accelerator has been equipped with a number of diagnostic systems to facilitate this. These systems include a novel time-domain-multiplexing BPM system, moveable screen systems, a time-of-flight instrument, Faraday cups, and injection/extraction tomography sections to analyze the single bunch beams. An upgrade still to implement includes the installation of wall current monitors. This paper gives an overview of these systems and shows some data and results from the diagnostics that have contributed to the successful demonstration of a serpentine acceleration by this novel accelerator.

Kalinin, A.; Berg, J.; Bliss, N. Cox, G.; Dufau, M.; Gallagher, A.; Hill, C.; Jones, J.; Ma, L.; McIntosh, P.; Muratori, B.; Oates, A.; Shepherd B.; Smith, R.; Hock, K.; Holder, D.; Ibison, M., Kirkman I.; Borrell, R.; Crisp, J.; Fellenz, B.; Wendt, M.

2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

78

Linear Concentrator Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Linear Concentrator Systems Linear Concentrator Systems Jump to: navigation, search Introduction Linear concentrating collector fields consist of a large number of collectors in parallel rows that are typically aligned in a north-south orientation to maximize both annual and summertime energy collection. With a single-axis sun-tracking system, this configuration enables the mirrors to track the sun from east to west during the day, ensuring that the sun reflects continuously onto the receiver tubes. Parabolic Trough Systems The predominant CSP systems currently in operation in the United States are linear concentrators using parabolic trough collectors. In such a system, the receiver tube is positioned along the focal line of each parabola-shaped reflector. The tube is fixed to the mirror structure and

79

Small system for tritium accelerator mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for ionizing and accelerating a sample containing isotopes of hydrogen and detecting the ratios of hydrogen isotopes contained in the sample is disclosed. An ion source generates a substantially linear ion beam including ions of tritium from the sample. A radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator is directly coupled to and axially aligned with the source at an angle of substantially zero degrees. The accelerator accelerates species of the sample having different mass to different energy levels along the same axis as the ion beam. A spectrometer is used to detect the concentration of tritium ions in the sample. In one form of the invention, an energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a foil to block the passage of hydrogen, deuterium and .sup.3 He ions, and a surface barrier or scintillation detector to detect the concentration of tritium ions. In another form of the invention, a combined momentum/energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a magnet to separate the ion beams, with Faraday cups to measure the hydrogen and deuterium and a surface barrier or scintillation detector for the tritium ions.

Roberts, Mark L. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Jay C. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Small system for tritium accelerator mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for ionizing and accelerating a sample containing isotopes of hydrogen and detecting the ratios of hydrogen isotopes contained in the sample is disclosed. An ion source generates a substantially linear ion beam including ions of tritium from the sample. A radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator is directly coupled to and axially aligned with the source at an angle of substantially zero degrees. The accelerator accelerates species of the sample having different mass to different energy levels along the same axis as the ion beam. A spectrometer is used to detect the concentration of tritium ions in the sample. In one form of the invention, an energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a foil to block the passage of hydrogen, deuterium and [sup 3]He ions, and a surface barrier or scintillation detector to detect the concentration of tritium ions. In another form of the invention, a combined momentum/energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a magnet to separate the ion beams, with Faraday cups to measure the hydrogen and deuterium and a surface barrier or scintillation detector for the tritium ions.

Roberts, M.L.; Davis, J.C.

1993-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Small system for tritium accelerator mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an apparatus for ionizing and accelerating a sample containing isotopes of hydrogen and detecting the ratios of hydrogen isotopes contained in the sample. An ion source generates a substantially linear ion beam including ions of tritium from the sample. A radiofrequency quadrupole accelerator is directly coupled to and axially aligned with the source at an angle of substantially zero degrees. The accelerator accelerates species of the sample having different mass to different energy levels along the same axis as the ion beam. A spectrometer is used to detect the concentration of tritium ions in the sample. In one form of the invention, an energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a foil to block the passage of hydrogen, deuterium and {sup 3}He ions, and a surface barrier or scintillation detector to detect the concentration of tritium ions. In another form of the invention, a combined momentum/energy loss spectrometer is used which includes a magnet to separate the ion beams, with Faraday cups to measure the hydrogen and deuterium and a surface barrier or scintillation detector for the tritium ions.

Roberts, M.L.; Davis, J.C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

82

Stability analysis of switched linear singular systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the stability analysis problem for switched linear continuous-time singular systems. First, based on the equivalent dynamics decomposition form, a refined description for state jumps of the switched singular system is presented, ... Keywords: Average dwell time, Exponential stability, State jumps, Switched singular systems

Lei Zhou, Daniel W. C. Ho, Guisheng Zhai

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Proceedings of the conference on computer codes and the linear accelerator community  

SciTech Connect

The conference whose proceedings you are reading was envisioned as the second in a series, the first having been held in San Diego in January 1988. The intended participants were those people who are actively involved in writing and applying computer codes for the solution of problems related to the design and construction of linear accelerators. The first conference reviewed many of the codes both extant and under development. This second conference provided an opportunity to update the status of those codes, and to provide a forum in which emerging new 3D codes could be described and discussed. The afternoon poster session on the second day of the conference provided an opportunity for extended discussion. All in all, this conference was felt to be quite a useful interchange of ideas and developments in the field of 3D calculations, parallel computation, higher-order optics calculations, and code documentation and maintenance for the linear accelerator community. A third conference is planned.

Cooper, R.K. (comp.)

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Towards radiation pressure acceleration of protons using linearly polarized ultrashort petawatt laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle acceleration using ultraintense, ultrashort laser pulses is one of the most attractive topics in relativistic laser-plasma research. We report proton/ion acceleration in the intensity range of 5x1019 W/cm2 to 3.3x1020 W/cm2 by irradiating linearly polarized, 30-fs, 1-PW laser pulses on 10- to 100-nm-thick polymer targets. The proton energy scaling with respect to the intensity and target thickness was examined. The experiments demonstrated, for the first time with linearly polarized light, a transition from the target normal sheath acceleration to radiation pressure acceleration and showed a maximum proton energy of 45 MeV when a 10-nm-thick target was irradiated by a laser intensity of 3.3x1020 W/cm2. The experimental results were further supported by two- and three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. Based on the deduced proton energy scaling, proton beams having an energy of ~ 200 MeV should be feasible at a laser intensity of 1.5x1021 W/cm2.

Kim, I Jong; Kim, Chul Min; Kim, Hyung Taek; Sung, Jae Hee; Lee, Seong Ku; Yu, Tae Jun; Choi, Il Woo; Lee, Chang-Lyoul; Nam, Kee Hwan; Nickles, Peter V; Jeong, Tae Moon; Lee, Jongmin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Long ion chamber systems for the SLC (Stanford Linear Collider)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Panofsky Long Ion Chamber (PLIC) is essentially a gas-filled coaxial cable, and has been used to protect the Stanford Linear Accelerator from damage caused by its electron beam, and as a sensitive diagnostic tool. This old technology has been updated and has found renewed use in the SLC. PLIC systems have been installed as beam steering aids in most parts of the SLC and are a part of the system that protects the SLC from damage by errant beams in several places. 5 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Rolfe, J.; Gearhart, R.; Jacobsen, R.; Jenkins, T.; McComick, D.; Nelson, R.; Reagan, D.; Ross, M.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Beam loading voltage profile of an accelerating section with a linearly varying group velocity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CLIC Tapered Damped accelerating Structure (TDS) has a 5.4% detuning of the lowest dipole mode. The geometrical variations that produce this detuning range also fix the fundamental mode's group velocity variation - very nearly linear with 0.108c (c is the speed of light) at the structure input to 0.054c at the output. In addition R'/Q also varies approximately linearly, from 22.3 kW/m at the input to 30 kW/m at the output. These variations result in a structure that is neither constant impedance nor constant gradient so the widely used relationships between structure length, input and average accelerating gradient are not applicable. In order to simplify the process of optimizing accelerator parameters an analytic expression for the voltage profile in a structure with a linearly varying group velocity has been derived. A more accurate numerical solution that includes the variation in R'/Q is also presented.

Wuensch, Walter

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The MedAustron Accelerator Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the architecture and design of the MedAustron accelerator control system. This ion therapy and research facility is currently under construction in Wr. Neustadt, Austria. The accelerator and its control system are designed at CERN. This class of machine is characterized by rich sets of configuration data, real-time reconfiguration needs and high stability requirements. The machine is operated according to a pulse-to-pulse modulation scheme. Each beam cycle is described in terms of ion type, energy, beam dimensions, intensity and spill length. The control system is based on a multi-tier architecture with the aim to achieve a clear separation between front-end devices and their controllers. In-house developments cover a main timing system, a light-weight layer to standardize operation and communication of front-end controllers, fast and slow control of power converters and a procedure programming framework for automating high-level control and data analysis tasks.

Gutleber, J; Marchhart, M; Torcato de Matos, C; Dedic, J; Moser, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A HIGH PERFORMANCE/LOW COST ACCELERATOR CONTROL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOW COST ACCELERATOR CONTROL SYSTEM S. Hagyary, J. Glat£» H.LOW COST ACCELERATOR CONTROL SYSTEM S. Magyary, J. Glatz, H.a high performance computer control system tailored to the

Magyary, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Heat conductivity in linear mixing systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present analytical and numerical results on the heat conduction in a linear mixing system. In particular we consider a quasi one dimensional channel with triangular scatterers with internal angles irrational multiples of pi and we show that the system obeys Fourier law of heat conduction. Therefore deterministic diffusion and normal heat transport which are usually associated to full hyperbolicity, actually take place in systems without exponential instability.

Baowen Li; Giulio Casati; Jiao Wang

2002-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

90

Assessing Risk in Costing High-energy Accelerators: from Existing Projects to the Future Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy accelerators are large projects funded by public money, developed over the years and constructed via major industrial contracts both in advanced technology and in more conventional domains such as civil engineering and infrastructure, for which they often constitute one-of markets. Assessing their cost, as well as the risk and uncertainty associated with this assessment is therefore an essential part of project preparation and a justified requirement by the funding agencies. Stemming from the experience with large circular colliders at CERN, LEP and LHC, as well as with the Main Injector, the Tevatron Collider Experiments and Accelerator Upgrades, and the NOvA Experiment at Fermilab, we discuss sources of cost variance and derive cost risk assessment methods applicable to the future linear collider, through its two technical approaches for ILC and CLIC. We also address disparities in cost risk assessment imposed by regional differences in regulations, procedures and practices.

Lebrun, Philippe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Measurements of Neutron Induced Cross Sections at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We have used the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) to measure neutron total and the fission cross sections of 233U in the energy range from 0.36 eV to ~700 keV. We report average fission and total cross sections. Also, we measured the neutron total cross sections of 27Al and Natural chlorine as well as the capture cross section of Al over an energy range from 100 eV up to about 400 keV.

Guber, K.H.; Harvey, J.A.; Hill, N.W.; Koehler, P.E.; Leal, L.C.; Sayer, R.O.; Spencer, R.R.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

92

Measurements of Neutron Induced Cross Sections at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have used the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) to measure neutron total and the fission cross sections of 233U in the energy range from 0.36 eV to ~700 keV. We report average fission and total cross sections. Also, we measured the neutron total cross sections of 27Al and Natural chlorine as well as the capture cross section of Al over an energy range from 100 eV up to about 400 keV.

Guber, K.H.; Harvey, J.A.; Hill, N.W.; Koehler, P.E.; Leal, L.C.; Sayer, R.O.; Spencer, R.R.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

93

Report of the ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 'Accelerators for a Higgs Factory: Linear vs. Circular' (HF2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is a summary report of the ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 'Accelerators for a Higgs Factory: Linear vs. Circular' (HF2012). It discusses four types of accelerators as possible candidates for a Higgs factory: linear e+e- colliders, circular e+e- colliders, muon collider and photon colliders. The comparison includes: physics reach, performance (energy and luminosity), upgrade potential, technology maturity and readiness, and technical challenges requiring further R&D.

Alain Blondel; Alex Chao; Weiren Chou; Jie Gao; Daniel Schulte; Kaoru Yokoya

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Order R2-2005-0022, May 18, 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CALIFORNIA REGIONAL WATER QUALITY CONTROL BOARD CALIFORNIA REGIONAL WATER QUALITY CONTROL BOARD SAN FRANCISCO BAY REGION ORDER No. R2-2005-0022 RESCISSION of: ORDER No. 85-88, WASTE DISCHARGE REQUIREMENTS and ADOPTION of: SITE CLEANUP REQUIREMENTS for: STANFORD UNIVERSITY and the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY for the property located at the: STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER 2575 SAND HILL ROAD MENLO PARK, SAN MATEO COUNTY FINDINGS: The California Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Bay Region (Water Board) finds that: 1. Purpose of Order This Order establishes Site Cleanup Requirements for the investigation and remediation of impacted soil and groundwater resulting from historical spills and leaks that have occurred during the course of operations of the Stanford Linear

95

Second order particle motion equations and linear chromaticity calculation in accelerator rings  

SciTech Connect

The first part of this note presents a thorough study on the second order particle motion equations, both in continuous field and in hard edges, with emphasis put on the latter. Having quite general conditions and strict mathematical treatments, it provides a sound ground from which many problems can be solved without fear of being misled. Then the linear CHR calculation is inspected, the first step being a general analytical expression of the transverse oscillation phase increment due to a small disturbance. The expression for the CHR is then readily obtained since tune is the transverse oscillation number per turn and the CHR is the linear dependence of the tune on particle energy/momentum deviation. The last part gives the formulae for practical CHR calculation, which are general enough to include almost all the magnet types commonly used in various accelerator rings and are simpler than can be found elsewhere.

Liu, R.Z.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Fermilab Tevatron high level rf accelerating systems  

SciTech Connect

Eight tuned rf cavities have been installed and operated in the F0 straight section of the Tevatron. Their mechanical placement along the beam line enables them to be operated for colliding beams as two independent groups of four cavities, group 1-4 accelerating antiprotons and group 5-8 accelerating protons. The only difference is that the spacing between cavities 4 and 5 was increased to stay clear of the F0 colliding point. The cavities can easily be rephased by switching cables in a low-level distribution system (fan-out) so that the full accelerating capability of all eight cavities can be used during fixed target operations. Likewise, the cables from capacitive probes on each cavity gap can be switched to proper lengths and summed in a fan-back system to give an rf signal representing the amplitude and phase as ''seen by the beam,'' separately for protons and antiprotons. Such signals have been used to phase lock the Tevatron to the Main Ring for synchronous transfer.

Kerns, Q.; Kerns, C.; Miller, H.; Tawser, S.; Reid, J.; Webber, R.; Wildman, D.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Implementing Distributed Systems Using Linear Naming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear graph reduction is a simple computational model in which the cost of naming things is explicitly represented. The key idea is the notion of "linearity". A name is linear if it is only used once, so with linear ...

Bawden, Alan

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Nonlinear Energy Collimation System for Linear Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The post-linac energy collimation system of multi-TeV linear colliders is designed to fulfil an important function of protection of the Beam Delivery System (BDS) against miss-steered beams likely generated by failure modes in the main linac. For the case of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC), the energy collimators are required to withstand the impact of a full bunch train in case of failure. This is a very challenging task, assuming the nominal CLIC beam parameters at 1.5 TeV beam energy. The increase of the transverse spot size at the collimators using nonlinear magnets is a potential solution to guarantee the survival of the collimators. In this paper we present an alternative nonlinear optics based on a skew sextupole pair for energy collimation. Performance simulation results are also presented.

Resta-Lopez, Javier

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

1. Accelerator Driven Systems and Their Applications 1.1 History of Accelerator Driven System Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the early 1990’s, accelerator driven systems (ADS) – subcritical assemblies driven by high power proton accelerators through a spallation target which is neutronically coupled to the core – have been proposed for addressing certain missions in advanced nuclear fuel cycles. Institutes throughout the world have conducted numerous programs evaluating the role of ADS in nuclear waste transmutation and energy production. In 1995, the National Research Council (NRC) issued a report on transmutation technologies [1], which included an evaluation of one ADS concept that was under study at that time: a large-scale system that proposed using a ~100-MW accelerator to drive a thermal, molten salt subcritical core. The NRC recognized the numerous complexities associated with the system, including the fact that, at that time, much of the high-power accelerator technology required for that ADS system had yet to be demonstrated. Consequently, the NRC report did not look favorably upon ADS. In 1999 the US Congress directed the DOE to evaluate Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) concepts and prepare a “roadmap ” to develop the technology. This roadmap [2] identified the technical issues to be resolved, assessed the impact of ATW on high-level waste disposition, and estimated the scale and cost of deploying ATW to close the fuel cycle. It also recommended that Congress fund a $281M six-year program of trade studies and R&D on key technology issues that would support a future

Mueller G; S. Nagaitsev C; J. Nolen A; E. Pitcher E; R. Rimmer F; R. Sheffield E; M. Todosow B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Linear reachability problems and minimal solutions to linear Diophantine equation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear reachability problem for finite state transition systems is to decide whether there is an execution path in a given finite state transition system such that the counts of labels on the path satisfy a given linear constraint. Using some known ... Keywords: linear diophantine equation systems, minimal solutions, model-checking, reachability, timed automata

Gaoyan Xie; Cheng Li; Zhe Dang

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Accelerator technology for the Los Alamos ATW (accelerator transmutation of nuclear waste) system  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos concept for accelerator transmutation of nuclear waste (ATW) employs a high-power proton linear accelerator to generate intense fluxes of thermal neutrons (>10{sup 16} n/cm{sup 2}-s) through spallation on a lead-bismuth target. The nominal beam energy for an ATW accelerator is 1.6 GeV, with average current requirements ranging from 250 mA to 30 mA, depending on application specifics. A recent study of accelerator production of tritium (APT) led to the development of a detailed point design for a 1.6 GeV, 250 mA cw proton linac. The accelerator design was reviewed by the Energy Research Advisory Board (ERAB) and found to be technically sound. The Panel concluded that linac of this power level could now be implemented within the existing technology base, given an adequate component development program and an integrated engineering demonstration of the front end.

Lawrence, G.P.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Experimental measurement methods and data on irradiation of functional design materials by helium ions in linear accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experimental research on the irradiation of the functional design materials by the Helium ions in the linear accelerator is conducted. The experimental measurements techniques and data on the irradiation of the functional design materials by the Helium ions with the energy up to 4 MeV, including the detailed scheme of experimental measurements setup, are presented. The new design of accelerating structure of the IH-type such as POS-4, using the method of alternate-phase focusing with the step-by-step change of the synchronous phase along the focusing periods in a linear accelerator, is developed with the aim to irradiate the functional design materials by the Helium ions. The new design of the injector of the charged Helium ions with the energy of 120 KeV at the output of an accelerating tube and the accelerating structure of the type of POS-4 for the one time charged Helium ions acceleration in the linear accelerator are researched and developed. The special chamber for the irradiation of functional design materials by the Helium ions is also created. In the process of experiment, the temperature of a sample, the magnitude of current of Helium ions beam and the irradiation dose of sample are measured precisely. The experimental measurement setup and techniques are fully tested and optimized in the course of the research on the electro-physical properties of irradiated samples and the thermal-desorption of Helium ions in a wide range of temperatures

R. A. Anokhin; V. N. Voyevodin; S. N. Dubnyuk; A. M. Egorov; B. V. Zaitsev; A. F. Kobets; O. P. Ledenyov; K. V. Pavliy; V. V. Ruzhitsky; G. D. Tolstolutskaya

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

103

Neutron source, linear-accelerator fuel enricher and regenerator and associated methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for producing fissile material inside of fabricated nuclear elements so that they can be used to produce power in nuclear power reactors. Fuel elements, for example, of a LWR are placed in pressure tubes in a vessel surrounding a liquid lead-bismuth flowing columnar target. A linear-accelerator proton beam enters the side of the vessel and impinges on the dispersed liquid lead-bismuth columns and produces neutrons which radiate through the surrounding pressure tube assembly or blanket containing the nuclear fuel elements. These neutrons are absorbed by the natural fertile uranium-238 elements and are transformed to fissile plutonium-239. The fertile fuel is thus enriched in fissile material to a concentration whereby they can be used in power reactors. After use in the power reactors, dispensed depleted fuel elements can be reinserted into the pressure tubes surrounding the target and the nuclear fuel regenerated for further burning in the power reactor.

Steinberg, Meyer (Huntington Station, NY); Powell, James R. (Shoreham, NY); Takahashi, Hiroshi (Setauket, NY); Grand, Pierre (Blue Point, NY); Kouts, Herbert (Brookhaven, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Load Schedule Coordination for a Large Linear Accelerator: An Operation Powerplay Concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operation Powerplay is a viable electric load management program developed and tested with Department of Energy funding and support. It is a concept designed to provide financial benefits to a utility and one or more of its customers through priority-based or on-demand load shaving. Currently being implemented in pilot form is a variation of Operation Powerplay. In this instance, it is the mutual cooperation between the Western Area Power Administration (Western), which markets hydro-power from Federal power projects, and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) at Los Alamos, New Mexico. With this variation, only the portion of LANL's total load requirement for the Linear Accelerator at the Meson Physics Facility is targeted to be managed by this arrangement. This paper will discuss the negotiations and agreements between LANL and Western to maximize use of the Meson facility and minimize operational costs through this variation of Operation Powerplay.

Johnson, W. H.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Photon beam quality variations of a flattening filter free linear accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Recently, there has been an increasing interest in operating conventional linear accelerators without a flattening filter. The aim of this study was to determine beam quality variations as a function of off-axis ray angle for unflattened beams. In addition, a comparison was made with the off-axis energy variation in flattened beams. Methods: Two Elekta Precise linear accelerators were modified in order to enable radiation delivery with and without the flattening filter in the beam line. At the Medical University Vienna (Vienna, Austria), half value layer (HVL) measurements were performed for 6 and 10 MV with an in-house developed device that can be easily mounted on the gantry. At St. Luke's Hospital (Dublin, Ireland), measurements were performed at 6 MV in narrow beam geometry with the gantry tilted around 270 deg. with pinhole collimators, an attenuator, and the chamber positioned on the table. All attenuation measurements were performed with ionization chambers and a buildup cap (2 mm brass) or a PMMA mini phantom (diameter 3 cm, measurement depth 2.5 cm). Results: For flattened 6 and 10 MV photon beams from the Elekta linac the relative HVL({theta}) varies by about 11% for an off-axis ray angle {theta}=10 deg. These results agree within {+-}2% with a previously proposed generic off-axis energy correction. For unflattened beams, the variation was less than 5% in the whole range of off-axis ray angles up to 10 deg. The difference in relative HVL data was less than 1% for unflattened beams at 6 and 10 MV. Conclusions: Off-axis energy variation is rather small in unflattened beams and less than half the one for flattened beams. Thus, ignoring the effect of off-axis energy variation for dose calculations in unflattened beams can be clinically justified.

Georg, Dietmar; Kragl, Gabriele; Wetterstedt, Sacha af; McCavana, Patrick; McClean, Brendan; Knoeoes, Tommy [Department of Radiotherapy, Division Medical Radiation Physics, Medical University of Vienna, AKH Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Department of Radiotherapy, St Luke's Hospital, Dublin 6 (Ireland); Radiation Physics, Lund University and Lund University Hospital, 22185 Lund (Sweden)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration of porous media simulations on the Cray XE6 platform Kirsten M. Fagnan, Michael Lijewski, George Pau, Nicholas J. Wright Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720 May 18, 2011 1 Introduction In this paper we investigate the performance of the Porous Media with Adaptive Mesh Refinment (PMAMR) code which was developed in the Center for Computational Science and Engineering at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This code is being used to model carbon sequestration and contaminant transport as part of the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) project. The goal of the ASCEM project is to better understand and quantify flow and contaminant transport behavior in complex geological systems. It will also address the long-term performance of engineered components including cementitious materials in

107

Hardware Accelerator for MIMO Wireless Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever increasing demand for higher data rates and better Quality of Service (QoS) for a growing number of users requires new transceiver algorithms and architectures to better exploit the available spectrum and to efficiently counter the impairments of the radio channel. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) communication systems employ multiple antennas at both transmitter and at the receiver to meet the requirements of next-generation wireless systems. It is a promising technology to provide increased data rates while not involving an equivalent increase in the spectral requirements. However, practical implementation of MIMO detectors poses a significant challenge and has been consistently identified as the major bottleneck for realizing the full potential that multiple antenna systems promise. Furthermore, in order to make judicious use of the available bandwidth, the baseband units have to dynamically adapt to different modes (modulation schemes, code rates etc) of operations. Flexibility and high throughput requirements often place conflicting demands on the Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) system designer. The major focus of this dissertation is to present efficient VLSI architectures for configurable MIMO detectors that can serve as accelerators to enable the realization of next generation wireless devices feasible. Both, hard output and soft output detector architectures are considered.

Bhagawat, Pankaj

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators Elementary Particles Detectors Accelerators Visit World Labs For Children - for younger people For Children The Electric Force For Children Electric Force Fields For...

109

Mission of the Accelerator Systems Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Source and to pursue research and development profitable to the science of accelerators and future light source technologies. This mission is accomplished by pursuing the...

110

NSLS-II: Accelerator Systems Advisory Committee (ASAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

construction, and operations of major accelerator systems. This group will advise the NSLS-II Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) and the NSLS-II Associate Director for...

111

Linear Concentrator Systems for Concentrating Solar Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Linear concentrating solar power (CSP) collectors capture the sun's energy with large mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto a linear receiver tube. The receiver contains a fluid that is...

112

Energy Basics: Linear Concentrator Systems for Concentrating...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Linear...

113

Medical Isotope Production Using A 60 MeV Linear Electron Accelerator , R.C. Block1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Isotope Production Using A 60 MeV Linear Electron Accelerator Y. Danon1 , R.C. Block1 , R@rpi.edu) 2 AlphaMed Inc, 20 Juniper Ridge Road, Acton, MA 01720 INTRODUCTION Medical isotopes can be produced

Danon, Yaron

114

Solving Systems of Linear Equations with Relaxed Monte Carlo Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of solving systems of linear algebraic equations by parallel Monte Carlo numerical methods is considered. A parallel Monte Carlo method with relaxation is presented. This is a report of a research in progress, showing the effectiveness of ... Keywords: Monte Carlo method, linear solver, parallel algorithms, systems of linear algebraic equations

Chih Jeng Kenneth Tan

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Non-linear dynamic of rotor-stator system with non-linear bearing clearance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study deals with a rotor-stator contact inducing vibration in rotating machinery. A numerical rotor-stator system, including a non-linear bearing with Hertz contact and clearance is considered. To determine the non-linear responses of this system, non-linear dynamic equations can be integrated numerically. However, this procedure is both time consuming and costly to perform. The aim of this Note is to apply the Alternate Frequency/Time Method and the 'path following continuation' in order to obtain the non-linear responses to this problem. Then the orbits of rotor and stator responses at various speeds are investigated.

Jean-Jacques Sinou; Fabrice Thouverez

2008-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

116

Non-linear dynamic of rotor-stator system with non-linear bearing clearance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study deals with a rotor-stator contact inducing vibration in rotating machinery. A numerical rotor-stator system, including a non-linear bearing with Hertz contact and clearance is considered. To determine the non-linear responses of this system, non-linear dynamic equations can be integrated numerically. However, this procedure is both time consuming and costly to perform. The aim of this Note is to apply the Alternate Frequency/Time Method and the 'path following continuation' in order to obtain the non-linear responses to this problem. Then the orbits of rotor and stator responses at various speeds are investigated.

Sinou, Jean-Jacques

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Neutron-induced electronic failures around a high-energy linear accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: After a new in-vault CT-on-rails system repeatedly malfunctioned following use of a high-energy radiotherapy beam, we investigated the presence and impact of neutron radiation on this electronic system, as well as neutron shielding options. Methods: We first determined the CT scanner's failure rate as a function of the number of 18 MV monitor units (MUs) delivered. We then re-examined the failure rate with both 2.7-cm-thick and 7.6-cm-thick borated polyethylene (BPE) covering the linac head for neutron shielding. To further examine shielding options, as well as to explore which neutrons were relevant to the scanner failure, Monte Carlo simulations were used to calculate the neutron fluence and spectrum in the bore of the CT scanner. Simulations included BPE covering the CT scanner itself as well as covering the linac head. Results: We found that the CT scanner had a 57% chance of failure after the delivery of 200 MUs. While the addition of neutron shielding to the accelerator head reduced this risk of failure, the benefit was minimal and even 7.6 cm of BPE was still associated with a 29% chance of failure after the delivery of 200 MU. This shielding benefit was achieved regardless of whether the linac head or CT scanner was shielded. Additionally, it was determined that fast neutrons were primarily responsible for the electronic failures. Conclusions: As illustrated by the CT-on-rails system in the current study, physicists should be aware that electronic systems may be highly sensitive to neutron radiation. Medical physicists should therefore monitor electronic systems that have not been evaluated for potential neutron sensitivity. This is particularly relevant as electronics are increasingly common in the therapy vault and newer electronic systems may exhibit increased sensitivity.

Kry, Stephen F.; Johnson, Jennifer L.; White, R. Allen; Howell, Rebecca M.; Kudchadker, Rajat J.; Gillin, Michael T. [Department of Radiation Physics, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 and Health Science Center Houston, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Biostatistics and Applied Mathematics, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States) and Health Science Center Houston, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States) and Health Science Center Houston, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

middle name. The head of Fermilab's Accelerator Division explains a basic idea of high-energy physics in everyday language. Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996...

119

Specification-guided controller synthesis for linear systems and safe linear-time temporal logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present and analyze a novel algorithm to synthesize controllers enforcing linear temporal logic specifications on discrete-time linear systems. The central step within this approach is the computation of the maximal controlled invariant ... Keywords: controller synthesis, robustness

Matthias Rungger; Manuel Mazo, Jr.; Paulo Tabuada

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Reorientation of linear switched systems using state feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A characterisation is obtained for the controlled and conditioned invariants of a linear switched system under feedback. The existence of a maximal consistent subspace with feedback is shown and is computed. A few sufficient conditions under which the ... Keywords: Consistent subspace, Jump subspace, Linear complementarity systems, State feedback, Switched systems, Well-posedness

H. Priyadarshan, Harish K. Pillai

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Lattice based extended formulations for integer linear equality systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2007 ... Lattice based extended formulations for integer linear equality systems. Karen Aardal (karen.aardal ***at*** cwi.nl) Laurence A. Wolsey (wolsey ...

122

Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation (2008-2012) Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation (2008-2012) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Water Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Program Info Start Date 1986 Program Type Corporate Depreciation Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service Under the federal Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS), businesses may recover investments in certain property through depreciation deductions. The MACRS establishes a set of class lives for various types of property, ranging from three to 50 years, over which the property may be

123

Electron acceleration during three-dimensional relaxation of an electron beam-return current plasma system in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of acceleration during non-linear electron-beam relaxation in magnetized plasma in the case of electron transport in solar flares. The evolution of electron distribution functions is computed using a three-dimensional particle-in-cell electromagnetic code. Analytical estimations under simplified assumptions are made to provide comparisons. We show that, during the non-linear evolution of the beam-plasma system, the accelerated electron population appears. We found that, although the electron beam loses its energy efficiently to the thermal plasma, a noticeable part of the electron population is accelerated. For model cases with initially monoenergetic beams in uniform plasma, we found that the amount of energy in the accelerated electrons above the injected beam-electron energy varies depending the plasma conditions and could be around 10-30% of the initial beam energy. This type of acceleration could be important for the interpretation of non-thermal electron populations in solar f...

Karlicky, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Optimizing a Mobile Robot Control System using GPU Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing a Mobile Robot Control System using GPU Acceleration Nat Tuck, Michael Mc (IGVC) by running computationally intensive portions of the system on a commodity graphics processing competition our Robot Operating System (ROS) based control system would not run comfortably on the multicore

125

SuperHILAC: Heavy-ion linear accelerator: Summary of capabilities, facilities, operations, and research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report consists of a description of the accelerator facilities and a review of research programs being conducted there. Lists of SuperHILAC researchers and publications are also given.

McDonald, R.J. (ed.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Pipelining with common operands for power-efficient linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a systematic pipelining method for a linear system to minimize power and maximize throughput, given a constraint on the number of pipeline stages and a set of resource constraints. Unlike most existing pipelining approaches, our method takes ... Keywords: common operand, linear system, operand sharing, pipelining, power

Daehong Kim; Dongwan Shin; Kiyoung Choi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The generalized HSS method for solving singular linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the singular, non-Hermitian, and positive semidefinite linear systems, we propose an alternating-direction iterative method with two parameters based on the Hermitian and skew-Hermitian splitting. The semi-convergence analysis and the quasi-optimal ... Keywords: Hermitian and skew-Hermitian splitting, Iterative method, Non-Hermitian matrix, Positive semidefinite matrix, Semi-convergence, Singular linear system

Wen Li; Yang-Peng Liu; Xiao-Fei Peng

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Optimal control for linear-rate multi-mode systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear-Rate Multi-Mode Systems is a model that can be seen both as a subclass of switched linear systems with imposed global safety constraints and as hybrid automata with no guards on transitions. We study the existence and design of a controller for ...

Dominik Wojtczak

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. ACCELERATOR PHYSICS OF COLLIDERS Revised July 2011 by D. A. Edwards (DESY) and M. J. Syphers (MSU) 1.1. Luminosity This article provides background for the High-Energy Collider...

130

Disposition of Nuclear Waste Using Subcritical Accelerator-Driven Systems  

SciTech Connect

ATW destroys virtually all the plutonium and higher actinides without reprocessing the spent fuel in a way that could lead to weapons material diversion. An ATW facility consists of three major elements: (1) a high-power proton linear accelerator; (2) a pyrochemical spent fuel treatment i waste cleanup system; (3) a liquid lead-bismuth cooled burner that produces and utilizes an intense source-driven neutron flux for transmutation in a heterogeneous (solid fuel) core. The concept is the result of many years of development at LANL as well as other major international research centers. Once demonstrated and developed, ATW could be an essential part of a global non-proliferation strategy for countries that could build up large quantities of plutonium from their commercial reactor waste. ATW technology, initially proposed in the US, has received wide and rapidly increasing attention abroad, especially in Europe and the Far East with major programs now being planned, organized and tided. Substantial convergence presently exists on the technology choices among the programs, opening the possibility of a strong and effective international collaboration on the phased development of the ATW technology.

Doolen, G.D.; Venneri, F.; Li, N.; Williamson, M.A.; Houts, M.; Lawrence, G.

1998-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

131

System Design Document: Hardware Accelerated Market Order Packet Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document specifies the design of Hardware Accelerated Market Order Packet Generator. The designed system aims at accelerating the release of packets on the network. Optimization is acheived in terms of reducing the latency, decreasing the data uploaded on the Avalon bus which will eventually lead to power optimization. A software application running on a soft-processor would change the transaction-data going over the network in runtime. This document describes the overall architecture of the system, along with describing the design of the custom ethernet accelerator. Typically the ethernet controller should be capable of receiving and sending data over the network. Our implementation will accelerate the sending of data to the network. The receiving of data will still be handled in software.

Ankur Gupta; Dhananjay Palshikar; Mithila Paryekar; Sushant Bhardwaj

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power August 20, 2013 - 4:45pm Addthis Photo of numerous parallel rows of parabolic trough collectors tracking the sun. Cooling towers and other generator equipment are in the midst of the troughs, and two water tanks are in the background. The Solar Electric Generating Station IV power plant in California consists of many parallel rows of parabolic trough collectors that track the sun. The cooling towers can be seen with the water plume rising into the air, and white water tanks are in the background. Credit: Sandia National Laboratory / PIX 14955 Linear concentrating solar power (CSP) collectors capture the sun's energy with large mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto a linear

133

Brief paper: Axiomatic characterization of linear differential systems (and operators)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In his IEEE Trans. Aut. Contr. paper in 1991, Willems posed the following question: given a set of smooth trajectories, when does there exist a linear constant coefficient differential operator whose kernel is precisely the given set? We show that the ... Keywords: Jet-closed, Jet-determined, Jets, LTID systems, Linear differential operators, t-adic topologies

Vakhtang Lomadze

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

First–Order Representations of Discrete Linear MultidimensionalSystems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classical local state–space models for discrete multidimensional linear systems, as proposed by Roesser or Fornasini and Marchesini, require causality of the resulting transfer matrices. We consider a generalization comprising non-causal ... Keywords: (Laurent) polynomial matrices, behavior, first–, input–, kernel and image representation, linear fractional transformation, minimality, order representation, output structure, properness

Eva Zerz

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Minimal Realizations of Linear Systems: The "Shortest Basis" Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a discrete-time linear system C, a shortest basis for C is a set of linearly independent generators for C with the least possible lengths. A basis B is a shortest basis if and only if it has the predictable span ...

Forney, G. David, Jr.

136

Some preconditioners for systems of linear inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 20, 2013 ... space Rm×n. Goffin-Cucker-Cheung's condition number is defined in terms of the best conditioned solution to the system defined by A. Al-.

137

Performance of the intense pulsed neutron source accelerator system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) facility has now been operating in a routine way for outside users since November 1, 1981. From that date through December of 1982, the accelerator system was scheduled for neutron science for 4500 hours. During this time the accelerator achieved its short-term goals by delivering about 380,000,000 pulses of beam totaling over 6 x 10/sup 20/ protons. The changes in equipment and operating practices that evolved during this period of intense running are described. The intensity related instability threshold was increased by a factor of two and the accelerator beam current has been ion source limited. Plans to increase the accelerator intensity are also described. Initial operating results with a new H/sup -/ ion source are discussed.

Potts, C.; Brumwell, F.; Rauchas, A.; Stipp, V.; Volk, G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Non-Linear Transmission Line (NLTL) Microwave Source Lecture Notes the United States Particle Accelerator School  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We will quickly go through the history of the non-linear transmission lines (NLTLs). We will describe how they work, how they are modeled and how they are designed. Note that the field of high power, NLTL microwave sources is still under development, so this is just a snap shot of their current state. Topics discussed are: (1) Introduction to solitons and the KdV equation; (2) The lumped element non-linear transmission line; (3) Solution of the KdV equation; (4) Non-linear transmission lines at microwave frequencies; (5) Numerical methods for NLTL analysis; (6) Unipolar versus bipolar input; (7) High power NLTL pioneers; (8) Resistive versus reactive load; (9) Non-lineaer dielectrics; and (10) Effect of losses.

Russell, Steven J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlsten, Bruce E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

139

AMG for linear systems in engine flow simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of three fundamentally different AMG solvers for systems of linear equations in CFD simulations using SIMPLE and PISO algorithm is examined. The presented data is discussed with respect to computational aspects of the parallelisation. ...

Maximilian Emans

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Profilio Selection Using the Adelais Multiobjective Linear Programming System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ADELAIS (Aide à la DEcision pour systèmes Linéaires multicritères par AIde à la Structuration des préférences), multiobjective linear programming system is proposed as a decision tool for the selection ... Keywords: ADELAIS, portfolio analysis, portfolio selection

C. Zopounidis; D. K. Despotis; I. Kamaratou

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Algorithms for Solving Linear Systems over Cyclotomic Fields - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/CAG/code/VahidsSystems.zip. [4] J. D. Dixon. Exact solution of linear equations using p?adic expansions. Numer. Math. 40 pp.

142

Algorithms for Solving Linear Systems over Cyclotomic Fields - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/CAG/code/VahidsSystems.zip. [5] J. D. Dixon. Exact solution of linear equations using p?adic expansions. Numer. Math. 40 pp.

143

Stabilizing linear systems with saturation through optimal control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the system asymptotically stable on the whole set of states that can be driven to 0 ... optimal control problem with a convex cost and linear dynam- ics. The value ...

144

Development of a Low-Energy Proton Accelerator System for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of a Low-Energy Proton Accelerator System for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP)

Han, J M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Construction of. gamma pi. /sup 0/ spectrometer and photon tagging facility at Bates Linear Accelerator. Final report, July 31, 1979-July 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The funds provided under Contract No. DE-AC02-79ER10486 were totally expended for hardware and supplies required by two related devices at the Bates Linear Accelerator. These were a photon tagging facility and a ..gamma pi../sup 0/ spectrometer in Beam Line C of the new South Experimental Hall. Construction was begun in November of 1979 and both systems became fully operational in the summer of 1981. Preliminary data was taken in 1980 with a prototype ..gamma pi../sup 0/ spectrometer will be carried out in the fall of 1981 and spring of 1982. The photon tagging system has been used successfully to calibrate the ..gamma pi../sup 0/ spectrometer for the BU - MIT collaboration and to test a lead glass detector system for Brandeis University.

Booth, E.C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Non-interceptive Method to Measure Longitudinal Twiss Parameters of a Beam in a Hadron Linear Accelerator using Beam Position Monitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of measuring of the RMS longitudinal Twiss parameters of a beam in linear accelerators is presented. It is based on using signals from beam position monitors (BPM) sensitive to the second order moment of the longitudinal charge distribution in the bunch. The applicability of the method is demonstrated on the superconducting section of the Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) linear accelerator. The results are compared to a direct measurement of the bunch longitudinal profiles using an interceptive bunch shape monitor (BSM) in the linac warm section of the same accelerator. Limitations of the method are discussed. The method is fast and simple, and can be used to obtain the initial parameters for the longitudinal matching in linear accelerators where interceptive diagnostics are not desirable.

Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL; Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Radio frequency pulse compression experiments at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proposed future positron-electron linear colliders would be capable of investigating fundamental processes of interest in the 0.5--5 TeV beam-energy range. At the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) gradient of about 20 MV/m this would imply prohibitive lengths of about 50--250 kilometers per linac. We can reduce the length by increasing the gradient but this implies high peak power, on the order of 400-- to 1000-MW at X-Band. One possible way to generate high peak power is to generate a relatively long pulse at a relatively low power and compress it into a short pulse with higher peak power. It is possible to compress before DC to RF conversion, as is done using magnetic switching for induction linacs, or after DC to RF conversion, as is done for the SLC. Using RF pulse compression it is possible to boost the 50-- to 100-MW output that has already been obtained from high-power X-Band klystrons the levels required by the linear colliders. In this note only radio frequency pulse compression (RFPC) is considered.

Farkas, Z.D.; Lavine, T.L.; Menegat, A.; Miller, R.H.; Nantista, C.; Spalek, G.; Wilson, P.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Focusing solenoid for the front end of a linear RF accelerator  

SciTech Connect

A prototype of a superconducting focusing solenoid for use in an RF linac has been built and tested at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL). The solenoid is comprised of the main coil, two bucking coils, two dipole corrector windings, and a low carbon steel flux return. At the excitation current of 250 A, the magnetic field reaches 7.2 T in the center of the solenoid and is less than 5 G on the axis at a distance of 150 mm from the center. The length of the solenoid is 150 mm; the length of a cryovessel for the solenoid with a 20 mm diameter 'warm' bore is 270 mm. This paper presents the main design features of the focusing solenoid and discusses results from tests of the solenoid.

Terechkine, I.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Page, T.; Tartaglia, M.; Tompkins, J.; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Measurement of the neutron leakage from a dedicated intraoperative radiation therapy electron linear accelerator and a conventional linear accelerator for 9, 12, 15(16), and 18(20) MeV electron energies  

SciTech Connect

The issue of neutron leakage has recently been raised in connection with dedicated electron-only linear accelerators used for intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT). In particular, concern has been expressed about the degree of neutron production at energies of 10 MeV and higher due to the need for additional, perhaps permanent, shielding in the room in which the device is operated. In particular, three mobile linear accelerators available commercially offer electron energies at or above the neutron threshold, one at 9 MeV, one at 10 MeV, and the third at 12 MeV. To investigate this problem, neutron leakage has been measured around the head of two types of electron accelerators at a distance of 1 m from the target at azimuthal angles of 0 deg., 45 deg., 90 deg., 135 deg., and 180 deg. The first is a dedicated electron-only (nonmobile) machine with electron energies of 6 (not used here), 9, 12, 15, and 18 MeV and the second a conventional machine with electron energies of 6 (also not used here), 9, 12, 16, and 20 MeV. Measurements were made using neutron bubble detectors and track-etch detectors. For electron beams from a conventional accelerator, the neutron leakage in the forward direction in Sv/Gy is 2.1x10{sup -5} at 12 MeV, 1.3x10{sup -4} at 16 MeV, and 4.2x10{sup -4} at 20 MeV, assuming a quality factor (RBE) of 10. For azimuthal angles >0 deg., the leakage is almost angle independent [2x10{sup -6} at 12 MeV; (0.7-1.6)x10{sup -5} at 16 MeV, and (1.6-2.9)x10{sup -5} at 20 MeV]. For the electron-only machine, the neutron leakage was lower than for the conventional linac, but also independent of azimuthal angle for angles >0 deg. : ([0 deg. : 7.7x10{sup -6} at 12 MeV; 3.0x10{sup -5} at 15 MeV; 1.0x10{sup -4} at 18 MeV]; [other angles: (2.6-5.9)x10{sup -7} at 12 MeV; (1.4-2.2)x10{sup -6} at 15 MeV; (2.7-4.7)x10{sup -6} at 18 MeV]). Using the upper limit of 6x10{sup -7} Sv/Gy at 12 MeV for the IORT machine for azimuthal angles >0 deg. and assuming a workload of 200 Gy/wk and an inverse square factor of 10, the neutron dose equivalent is calculated to be 0.012 mSv/wk. For the primary beam at 12 MeV (0 deg. ), the 10x higher dose would be compensated by the attenuation of a primary beam stopper in a mobile linear accelerator. These neutron radiation levels are below regulatory values (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 'Limitation of exposure to ionizing radiation', NCRP Report No. 116, NCRP Bethesda, MD, 1993)

Jaradat, Adnan K.; Biggs, Peter J. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, One University Avenue, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Linear Assignment Maps for Correlated System-Environment States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An assignment map is a mathematical operator that describes initial system-environment states for open quantum systems. We reexamine the notion of assignments, introduced by Pechukas, and show the conditions assignments can account for correlations between the system and the environment, concluding that assignment maps can be made linear at the expense of positivity or consistency is more reasonable. We study the role of other conditions, such as consistency and positivity of the map, and show the effects of relaxing these. Finally, we establish a connection between the violation of positivity of linear assignments and the no-broadcasting theorem.

César A. Rodríguez-Rosario; Kavan Modi; Alán Aspuru-Guzik

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

151

Linear assignment maps for correlated system-environment states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assignment maps are mathematical operators that describe initial system-environment states for open quantum systems. We re-examine the notion of assignments that account for correlations between the system and the environment and show that these maps can be made linear at the expense of giving up positivity or consistency of the map. We study the role of positivity and consistency of the map and show the effects of relaxing these. Finally, we establish a connection between the violation of the positivity of linear assignments and the no-broadcasting theorem.

Rodriguez-Rosario, Cesar A.; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States); Modi, Kavan [Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

An Automatic Control System for Conditioning 30 GHz Accelerating Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A software application programme has been developed to allow fast and automatic high-gradient conditioning of accelerating structures at 30 GHz in CTF3. The specificity of the application is the ability to control the high-power electron beam which produces the 30 GHz RF power used to condition the accelerating structures. The programme permits operation round the clock with minimum manpower requirements. In this paper the fast control system, machine control system, logging system, graphical user control interface and logging data visualization are described. An outline of the conditioning control system itself and of the feedback controlling peak power and pulse length is given. The software allows different types of conditioning strategies to be programmed

Dubrovskiy, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Suppressing Thermal Energy Drift In The LLNL Flash X-Ray Accelerator Using Linear Disk Resistor Stacks  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses thermal drift in sodium thiosulfate liquid resistors and their replacement with linear disk resistors from HVR Advanced Power Components. Sodium thiosulfate resistors in the FXR induction linear accelerator application have a temperature coefficient of {approx}1.8%/C. The FXR Marx banks send an 8kJ pulse through eight 524 cm{sup 3} liquid resistors at a repetition rate of up to 1 every 45 seconds. Every pulse increases the temperature of the solution by {approx}0.4 C which produces a 0.7% change in resistance. The typical cooling rate is {approx}0.4 C per minute which results in {approx}0.1% energy drop per pulse during continuous pulsed operations. A radiographic accelerator is extraordinarily sensitive to energy variations. Changes in beam energy produce movement in beam transport, changes in spot size, and large dose variations. If self-heating were the only problem, we could predict the increase in input voltage required to compensate for the energy loss. However, there are other variables that influence the temperature of the resistors such as focus magnet heating, changes in room temperature, changes in cooling water, where the cell is located, etc. Additionally not all of the resistors have equivalent cooling rates and as many as 32 resistors are driven from a single power source. The FXR accelerator group elected to replace the sodium thiosulfate resistors with HVR Linear Disk Resistors in a stack type configuration. With data limited for these resistors when used in oil and at low resistance values, a full characterization needed to be performed. High currents (up to 15kA), high voltages (up to 400kV), and Fast Rise times (<10ns) made a resistor choice difficult. Other solid resistors have been tried and had problems at the connection points and with the fact that the resistivity changed as they absorbed oil. The selected HVR resistors have the advantage of being manufactured with the oil impregnated in to them so this characteristic is minimized while still offering the desired low temperature coefficient of resistance compared to sodium thiosulfate. The characterization experiments and comparison with the sodium thiosulfate liquid resistors will be fully discussed and the final design described.

Kreitzer, B R; Houck, T L; Luchterhand, O C

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

On resampling and uncertainty estimation in Linear System Identification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear System Identification yields a nominal model parameter, which minimizes a specific criterion based on the single input-output data set. Here we investigate the utility of various methods for estimating the probability distribution of this nominal ... Keywords: Bootstrap, Model validation, Monte Carlo, Resampling, Subsampling, System identification

Simone Garatti; Robert R. Bitmead

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Conference on iterative methods for large linear systems  

SciTech Connect

This conference is dedicated to providing an overview of the state of the art in the use of iterative methods for solving sparse linear systems with an eye to contributions of the past, present and future. The emphasis is on identifying current and future research directions in the mainstream of modern scientific computing. Recently, the use of iterative methods for solving linear systems has experienced a resurgence of activity as scientists attach extremely complicated three-dimensional problems using vector and parallel supercomputers. Many research advances in the development of iterative methods for high-speed computers over the past forty years are reviewed, as well as focusing on current research.

Kincaid, D.R. [comp.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A comparative study of iterative solutions to linear systems arising in quantum mechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is mainly focused on iterative solutions with simple diagonal preconditioning to two complex-valued nonsymmetric systems of linear equations arising from a computational chemistry model problem proposed by Sherry Li of NERSC. Numerical experiments show the feasibility of iterative methods to some extent when applied to the problems and reveal the competitiveness of our recently proposed Lanczos biconjugate A-orthonormalization methods to other classic and popular iterative methods. By the way, experiment results also indicate that application specific preconditioners may be mandatory and required for accelerating convergence.

Jing Yanfei, E-mail: yanfeijing@uestc.edu.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Huang Tingzhu, E-mail: tzhuang@uestc.edu.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Duan Yong, E-mail: duanyong@yahoo.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Carpentieri, Bruno, E-mail: b.carpentieri@rug.n [Institute of Mathematics and Computing Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 9, P.O. Box 407, 9700 AK Groningen (Netherlands)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Characterization of the deuteron beam current in a linear accelerator for nuclear-diagnostic calibrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) research, passive detection systems are often required in several applications for observing fusion-product spectra from an ICF-capsule implosion. These detection devices can be calibrated ...

Denis, Daniel (Daniel B.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Quick setup of unit test for accelerator controls system  

SciTech Connect

Testing a single hardware unit of an accelerator control system often requires the setup of a program with graphical user interface. Developing a dedicated application for a specific hardware unit test could be time consuming and the application may become obsolete after the unit tests. This paper documents a methodology for quick design and setup of an interface focused on performing unit tests of accelerator equipment with minimum programming work. The method has three components. The first is a generic accelerator device object (ADO) manager which can be used to setup, store, and log testing controls parameters for any unit testing system. The second involves the design of a TAPE (Tool for Automated Procedure Execution) sequence file that specifies and implements all te testing and control logic. The sting third is the design of a PET (parameter editing tool) page that provides the unit tester with all the necessary control parameters required for testing. This approach has been used for testing the horizontal plane of the Stochastic Cooling Motion Control System at RHIC.

Fu, W.; D'Ottavio, T.; Gassner, D.; Nemesure, S.; Morris, J.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

159

Reliable-linac design for accelerator-driven subcritical reactor systems.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerator reliability corresponding to a very low frequency of beam interrupts is an important new accelerator requirement for accelerator-driven subcritical reactor systems. In this paper we review typical accelerator-reliability requirements and discuss possible methods for meeting these goals with superconducting proton-linac technology.

Wangler, Thomas P.,

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Status and Future Developments in Large Accelerator Control Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the years, accelerator control systems have evolved from small hardwired systems to complex computer controlled systems with many types of graphical user interfaces and electronic data processing. Today's control systems often include multiple software layers, hundreds of distributed processors, and hundreds of thousands of lines of code. While it is clear that the next generation of accelerators will require much bigger control systems, they will also need better systems. Advances in technology will be needed to ensure the network bandwidth and CPU power can provide reasonable update rates and support the requisite timing systems. Beyond the scaling problem, next generation systems face additional challenges due to growing cyber security threats and the likelihood that some degree of remote development and operation will be required. With a large number of components, the need for high reliability increases and commercial solutions can play a key role towards this goal. Future control systems will operate more complex machines and need to present a well integrated, interoperable set of tools with a high degree of automation. Consistency of data presentation and exception handling will contribute to efficient operations. From the development perspective, engineers will need to provide integrated data management in the beginning of the project and build adaptive software components around a central data repository. This will make the system maintainable and ensure consistency throughout the inevitable changes during the machine lifetime. Additionally, such a large project will require professional project management and disciplined use of well-defined engineering processes. Distributed project teams will make the use of standards, formal requirements and design and configuration control vital. Success in building the control system of the future may hinge on how well we integrate commercial components and learn from best practices used in other industries.

Karen S. White

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

The systematic design of control systems for large multivariable linear time-invariant systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic design procedure for determining realistic feedforward-feedback control systems for large multivariable linear constant systems is outlined in this paper. A numerical example of a boiler system and a distillation column is included and a ...

E. J. Davison

1973-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Preparing accelerator systems for the RHIC sextant commissioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) construction is progressing steadily towards completion in 1999 when beams will circulate in both collider rings. One of the major tests of the RHIC project was the commissioning of the first sextant with gold ion beams in early 1997. This is a report on preparation of the RHIC accelerator systems for the first sextant test. It includes beam position monitors, timing, injection correction through the magnetic septum and kickers, current transformers, flags and the ionization beam profile monitors, beam loss monitors, beam and quench permit link system, power supply controls, and the configuration database system. The software and hardware development and coordination of the different systems before commissioning were regularly checked during bi-weekly, and (later) weekly, progress report meetings.

Trbojevic, D.; Pilat, F.; Ahrens, L. [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

An Automated Magnet Positioning System For Use in the Next Linear Collider  

SciTech Connect

The Next Linear Collider (NLC) is conceived as the world�¢����s most powerful electron-positron particle accelerator. Throughout the NLC, the beam itself will be used to measure errors in the positions of the lattice elements. This beam-based alignment strategy is an essential element of the NLC�¢����s design and precision adjustment systems have been identified as a critical enabling technology. Square One proposes a new type of precision manipulator that could be adapted for applications throughout the accelerator. As envisioned, this �¢����Tri-Sphere�¢��� Adjustment System will possess up to six, non-redundant degrees of freedom, be capable of sub-micron resolutions and have ultimate load capacities in excess of 10,000 kg. The system will accommodate thermal expansions and contractions of the objects being supported and can be either motorized or manually actuated. Phase I development tasks will include detailed manipulator design, solution of the associated kinematic equations of motion and evaluation of actuators, gear reducers and transmission systems. The Phase I effort will culminate in the fabrication and full evaluation of a system prototype. A successfully developed Tri-Sphere manipulator could also be used to actively position critical fusion optics, adjust communication dishes or perform parts handling tasks in harsh manufacturing environments.

Viola, Robert J.

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

164

University, Linear Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proposals for innovative, econanical, low head hydro power plant ides development. For this purpose, low head was defined as 3m or less. Early hydra power projects were small scale and very close to load centers. Inefficient paddlewheels turned shafts in udlls which, through belts, drove mill equipmt. With the advent of electrical wr, hydro power projects could be reasonably rarote from load centers and located at optimm sites of high head and intermediate flew or high flow and intermediate head. The best sites were quickly exploited and secondary sites became uneconanical. Secondary sites or those evenmre rmte fran load centers were then erploitedby public agencies and the ec onanics justified by power generation plus flood control and/or irrigation plus establistrnent of potable water reservoirs, to serve rapidly growing urban centers. Many of the earlier dams no longer were used to generate power as the mill-races vanished. Many nw low head dams were used for flood control and evening flows toward hydro ver ejects, and were not furnished with generators since these sites were even m3re rarPte

F. F. -hall; P. Box

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Models of f(R) Cosmic Acceleration that Evade Solar-System Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a class of metric-variation f(R) models that accelerates the expansion without a cosmological constant and satisfies both cosmological and solar-system tests in the small-field limit of the parameter space. Solar-system tests alone place only weak bounds on these models, since the additional scalar degree of freedom is locked to the high-curvature general-relativistic prediction across more than 25 orders of magnitude in density, out through the solar corona. This agreement requires that the galactic halo be of sufficient extent to maintain the galaxy at high curvature in the presence of the low-curvature cosmological background. If the galactic halo and local environment in f(R) models do not have substantially deeper potentials than expected in LCDM, then cosmological field amplitudes |f_R| > 10^{-6} will cause the galactic interior to evolve to low curvature during the acceleration epoch. Viability of large-deviation models therefore rests on the structure and evolution of the galactic halo, requiring cosmological simulations of f(R) models, and not directly on solar-system tests. Even small deviations that conservatively satisfy both galactic and solar-system constraints can still be tested by future, percent-level measurements of the linear power spectrum, while they remain undetectable to cosmological-distance measures. Although we illustrate these effects in a specific class of models, the requirements on f(R) are phrased in a nearly model-independent manner.

Wayne Hu; Ignacy Sawicki

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

166

RELWAY: a process data highway system optimized for accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The command/control scheme for the Isabelle accelerator, specifically the process data highway are discussed. (GHT)J

Frankel, R.; Buxton, W,; Kohler, K.; Warkentien, R.; White, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Factors Predictive of Symptomatic Radiation Injury After Linear Accelerator-Based Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Intracerebral Arteriovenous Malformations  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate predictive factors in the development of symptomatic radiation injury after treatment with linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery for intracerebral arteriovenous malformations and relate the findings to the conclusions drawn by Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC). Methods and Materials: Archived plans for 73 patients who were treated at the British Columbia Cancer Agency were studied. Actuarial estimates of freedom from radiation injury were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used for analysis of incidence of radiation injury. Log-rank test was used to search for dosimetric parameters associated with freedom from radiation injury. Results: Symptomatic radiation injury was exhibited by 14 of 73 patients (19.2%). Actuarial rate of symptomatic radiation injury was 23.0% at 4 years. Most patients (78.5%) had mild to moderate deficits according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0. On univariate analysis, lesion volume and diameter, dose to isocenter, and a V{sub x} for doses {>=}8 Gy showed statistical significance. Only lesion diameter showed statistical significance (p < 0.05) in a multivariate model. According to the log-rank test, AVM volumes >5 cm{sup 3} and diameters >30 mm were significantly associated with the risk of radiation injury (p < 0.01). The V{sub 12} also showed strong association with the incidence of radiation injury. Actuarial incidence of radiation injury was 16.8% if V{sub 12} was <28 cm{sup 3} and 53.2% if >28 cm{sup 3} (log-rank test, p = 0.001). Conclusions: This study confirms that the risk of developing symptomatic radiation injury after radiosurgery is related to lesion diameter and volume and irradiated volume. Results suggest a higher tolerance than proposed by QUANTEC. The widely differing findings reported in the literature, however, raise considerable uncertainties.

Herbert, Christopher, E-mail: cherbert@bccancer.bc.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Moiseenko, Vitali [Department of Medical Physics, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); McKenzie, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Redekop, Gary [Division of Neurosurgery, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Hsu, Fred [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Abbotsford, BC (Canada); Gete, Ermias; Gill, Brad; Lee, Richard; Luchka, Kurt [Department of Medical Physics, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Haw, Charles [Division of Neurosurgery, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Lee, Andrew [Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Columbian Hospital, New Westminster, BC (Canada); Toyota, Brian [Division of Neurosurgery, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Martin, Montgomery [Department of Medical Imaging, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Microprocessor based system for roll-down and acceleration tests  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A microprocessor-based, road-test system for measuring and recording roll-down and acceleration data has been designed and built. The system provides for rapid testing of vehicles, can be operated by a single individual, and allows detailed data acquisition when required. Digital data storage and output capability allows direct exchange of data with other computers or calculators for data analysis and reduction. System input is distance from a fith wheel and elapsed time. The microcomputer system records time to the nearest 0.01 second, distance to the nearest foot, and calculates velocity to the nearest 0.1 mile per hour. Data can be stored at specified time, distance, and velocity intervals. Current time, distance, and velocity are displayed on a liquid crystal display panel. A printing calculator prints a summary of the run. Detailed data is stored in RAM and is output to magnetic tape at the end of the run. The tapes are used to obtain plots and as input for data reduction programs that calculate rolling friction and aerodynamic drag. The road-test system has been used to test a number of vehicles. In most of the tests one person drove the vehicle and operated the system.

Lynn, D.K.; Derouin, C.; Lamar, P.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The explicit linear quadratic regulator for constrained systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a technique to compute the explicit state-feedback solution to both the finite and infinite horizon linear quadratic optimal control problem subject to state and input constraints. We show that this closed form solution is piecewise linear ... Keywords: Constraints, Linear quadratic regulators, Piecewise linear controllers, Predictive control

Alberto Bemporad; Manfred Morari; Vivek Dua; Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Identification and modeling for non-linear dynamic system using neural networks type MLP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In control systems, the model dynamics of linear systems is the principal and most important phase of a project, but when working with dynamic of non-linear systems obtain the model becomes a very complex task can be used techniques of system identification. ... Keywords: LP, algorithms, dynamic backprogation, modeling, multilayer perceptrons, neural networks dynamics, non-linear dynamics, training

Hernán González Acuña; Max Suell Dutra; Omar Lengerke

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Relative Humidity in Limited Streamer Tubes for Stanford Linear Accelerator Center's BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

The BABAR Detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center studies the decay of B mesons created in e{sup +}e{sup -} collisions. The outermost layer of the detector, used to detect muons and neutral hadrons created during this process, is being upgraded from Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) to Limited Streamer Tubes (LSTs). The standard-size LST tube consists of eight cells, where a silver-plated wire runs down the center of each. A large potential difference is placed between the wires and ground. Gas flows through a series of modules connected with tubing, typically four. LSTs must be carefully tested before installation, as it will be extremely difficult to repair any damage once installed in the detector. In the testing process, the count rate in most modules showed was stable and consistent with cosmic ray rate over an approximately 500 V operating range between 5400 to 5900 V. The count in some modules, however, was shown to unexpectedly spike near the operation point. In general, the modules through which the gas first flows did not show this problem, but those further along the gas chain were much more likely to do so. The suggestion was that this spike was due to higher humidity in the modules furthest from the fresh, dry inflowing gas, and that the water molecules in more humid modules were adversely affecting the modules' performance. This project studied the effect of humidity in the modules, using a small capacitive humidity sensor (Honeywell). The sensor provided a humidity-dependent output voltage, as well as a temperature measurement from a thermistor. A full-size hygrometer (Panametrics) was used for testing and calibrating the Honeywell sensors. First the relative humidity of the air was measured. For the full calibration, a special gas-mixing setup was used, where relative humidity of the LST gas mixture could be varied from almost dry to almost fully saturated. With the sensor calibrated, a set of sensors was used to measure humidity vs. time in the LSTs. The sensors were placed in two sets of LST modules, one gas line flowing through each set. These modules were tested for count rate v. voltage while simultaneously measuring relative humidity in each module. One set produced expected readings, while the other showed the spike in count rate. The relative humidity in the two sets of modules looked very similar, but it rose significantly for modules further along the gas chain.

Lang, M.I.; /MIT; Convery, M.; /SLAC; Menges, W.; /Queen Mary, U. of London

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Transmutation of nuclear waste in accelerator-driven systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today more than ever energy is not only a cornerstone of human development, but also a key to the environmental sustainability of economic activity. In this context, the role of nuclear power may be emphasized in the years to come. Nevertheless, the problems of nuclear waste, safety and proliferation still remain to be solved. It is believed that the use of accelerator-driven systems (ADSs) for nuclear waste transmutation and energy production would address these problems in a simple, clean and economically viable, and therefore sustainable, manner. This thesis covers the major nuclear physics aspects of ADSs, in particular the spallation process and the core neutronics specific to this type of systems. The need for accurate nuclear data is described, together with a detailed analysis of the specific isotopes and energy ranges in which this data needs to be improved and the impact of their uncertainty. Preliminary experimental results for some of these isotopes, produced by the Neutron Time-of-Flight (n_TOF) ...

Herrera-Martínez, A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

H-Infinity Control of Linear Quantum Stochastic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to formulate and solve a H-infinity controller synthesis problem for a class of non-commutative linear stochastic systems which includes many examples of interest in quantum technology. The paper includes results on the class of such systems for which the quantum commutation relations are preserved (such a requirement must be satisfied in a physical quantum system). A quantum version of standard (classical) dissipativity results are presented and from this a quantum version of the Strict Bounded Real Lemma is derived. This enables a quantum version of the two Riccati solution to the H-infinity control problem to be presented. This result leads to controllers which may be realized using purely quantum, purely classical or a mixture of quantum and classical elements. This issue of physical realizability of the controller is examined in detail, and necessary and sufficient conditions are given. Our results are constructive in the sense that we provide explicit formulas for the Hamiltonian function and coupling operator corresponding to the controller.

M. R. James; H. I. Nurdin; I. R. Petersen

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

174

THE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR THE ACCELERATING COLUMN OF THE 2 MEV ELECTRON COOLER FOR COSY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

filter, and various power supplies for these elements. The cascade transformer is to provide a requiredTHE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR THE ACCELERATING COLUMN OF THE 2 MEV ELECTRON COOLER FOR COSY D a high-energy electron beam. The power supply for the accelerating column of the electron cooling system

Kozak, Victor R.

175

A simple, combinatorial algorithm for solving SDD systems in nearly-linear time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a simple combinatorial algorithm that solves symmetric diagonally dominant (SDD) linear systems in nearly-linear time. It uses little of the machinery that previously appeared to be necessary for ...

Orecchia, Lorenzo

176

Dynamic task scheduling for linear algebra algorithms on distributed-memory multicore systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a dynamic task scheduling approach to executing dense linear algebra algorithms on multicore systems (either shared-memory or distributed-memory). We use a task-based library to replace the existing linear algebra subroutines such ...

Fengguang Song; Asim YarKhan; Jack Dongarra

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Muon Acceleration - RLA and FFAG  

SciTech Connect

Various acceleration schemes for muons are presented. The overall goal of the acceleration systems: large acceptance acceleration to 25 GeV and 'beam shaping' can be accomplished by various fixed field accelerators at different stages. They involve three superconducting linacs: a single pass linear Pre-accelerator followed by a pair of multi-pass Recirculating Linear Accelerators (RLA) and finally a non-scaling FFAG ring. The present baseline acceleration scenario has been optimized to take maximum advantage of appropriate acceleration scheme at a given stage. The solenoid based Pre-accelerator offers very large acceptance and facilitates correction of energy gain across the bunch and significant longitudinal compression trough induced synchrotron motion. However, far off-crest acceleration reduces the effective acceleration gradient and adds complexity through the requirement of individual RF phase control for each cavity. The RLAs offer very efficient usage of high gradient superconducting RF and ability to adjust path-length after each linac pass through individual return arcs with uniformly periodic FODO optics suitable for chromatic compensation of emittance dilution with sextupoles. However, they require spreaders/recombiners switchyards at both linac ends and significant total length of the arcs. The non-scaling Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) ring combines compactness with very large chromatic acceptance (twice the injection energy) and it allows for large number of passes through the RF (at least eight, possibly as high as 15).

Alex Bogacz

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fractional models for modeling complex linear systems under poor frequency resolution measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When modeling a linear system in a parametric way, one needs to deal with (i) model structure selection, (ii) model order selection as well as (iii) an accurate fit of the model. The most popular model structure for linear systems has a rational form ... Keywords: Continuous-time modeling, Fractional order systems, Linear systems, Non-asymptotic, Nonlinear least squares, Parametric models, Poor frequency resolutions, Statistical signal processing, Transfer function

Kurt Barbé, Oscar J. Olarte Rodriguez, Wendy Van Moer, Lieve Lauwers

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Evaluation of Power Extraction to Linear Gain Scheduling Controllers in a Small Wind Energy Conversion System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources have focused a special attention in wind energy conversion systems, where the goal is maximal power extraction. This paper presents an evaluation of the linear controllers eigen structure assingment, linear quadratic regulator, ... Keywords: Wind turbines, permanent magnet synchronous generator, eigenstructure assingment, linear quadratic regulator, loop shaping design procedure

Santiago Sanchez Acevedo; Eduardo Giraldo; Edilson Delgado Trejos

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Dynamic programming for constrained optimal control of discrete-time linear hybrid systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the solution to optimal control problems for constrained discrete-time linear hybrid systems based on quadratic or linear performance criteria. The aim of the paper is twofold. First, we give basic theoretical results on the structure ... Keywords: Dynamic programming, Hybrid systems, Multiparametric programming, Optimal control, Piecewise affine systems

Francesco Borrelli; Mato Baoti?; Alberto Bemporad; Manfred Morari

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Design and implementation of digital linear control systems on reconfigurable hardware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The implementation of large linear control systems requires a high amount of digital signal processing. Here, we show that re-configurable hardware allows the design of fast yet flexible control systems. After discussing the basic concepts for the design ... Keywords: digital linear control, mechatronic systems, reconfigurable hardware

Marcus Bednara; Klaus Danne; Markus Deppe; Oliver Oberschelp; Frank Slomka; Jürgen Teich

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Feasibility of producing a short, high energy s-band linear accelerator using a klystron power source  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To use a finite-element method (FEM) model to study the feasibility of producing a short s-band (2.9985 GHz) waveguide capable of producing x-rays energies up to 10 MV, for applications in a linac-MR, as well as conventional radiotherapy. Methods: An existing waveguide FEM model developed by the authors' group is used to simulate replacing the magnetron power source with a klystron. Peak fields within the waveguide are compared with a published experimental threshold for electric breakdown. The RF fields in the first accelerating cavity are scaled, approximating the effect of modifications to the first coupling cavity. Electron trajectories are calculated within the RF fields, and the energy spectrum, beam current, and focal spot of the electron beam are analyzed. One electron spectrum is selected for Monte Carlo simulations and the resulting PDD compared to measurement. Results: When the first cavity fields are scaled by a factor of 0.475, the peak magnitude of the electric fields within the waveguide are calculated to be 223.1 MV/m, 29% lower than the published threshold for breakdown at this operating frequency. Maximum electron energy increased from 6.2 to 10.4 MeV, and beam current increased from 134 to 170 mA. The focal spot FWHM is decreased slightly from 0.07 to 0.05 mm, and the width of the energy spectrum increased slightly from 0.44 to 0.70 MeV. Monte Carlo results show d{sub max} is at 2.15 cm for a 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 cm{sup 2} field, compared with 2.3 cm for a Varian 10 MV linac, while the penumbral widths are 4.8 and 5.6 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The authors' simulation results show that a short, high-energy, s-band accelerator is feasible and electric breakdown is not expected to interfere with operation at these field strengths. With minor modifications to the first coupling cavity, all electron beam parameters are improved.

Baillie, Devin [Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Aubin, J. St. [Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Steciw, S. [Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Equilibria in Electricity Markets Autonomous System for Remote Areas References Applications of Linear and Nonlinear Optimisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electricity markets. Most models incorporate the transmission system by using linear DC approximationsEquilibria in Electricity Markets Autonomous System for Remote Areas References Applications of Linear and Nonlinear Optimisation in the Electricity Sector Miguel F. Anjos Professor and Canada Research

184

Stabilizing a linear systems with saturation through optimal control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 5, 2003 ... We construct a continuous feedback for a saturated system ?x(t) ... the saturated system, which is nonlinear, to an optimal control problem with ...

185

Disposition of nuclear waste using subcritical accelerator-driven systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spent fuel from nuclear power plants contains large quantities of Pu, other actinides, and fission products (FP). This creates challenges for permanent disposal because of the long half-lives of some isotopes and the potential for diversion of the fissile material. Two issues of concern for the US repository concept are: (1) long-term radiological risk peaking tens-of-thousands of years in the future; and (2) short-term thermal loading (decay heat) that limits capacity. An accelerator-driven neutron source can destroy actinides through fission, and can convert long-lived fission products to shorter-lived or stable isotopes. Studies over the past decade have established that accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) can have a major beneficial impact on the nuclear waste problem. Specifically, the ATW concept the authors are evaluating: (1) destroys over 99.9% of the actinides; (2) destroys over 99.9% of the Tc and I; (3) separates Sr-90 and Cs-137; (4) separates uranium from the spent fuel; (5) produces electric power.

Venneri, F.; Li, N.; Williamson, M.; Houts, M.; Lawrence, G.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

solving linear systems of equations over cyclotomic fields - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/CAG/code/VahidsSystems.zip. Table 2.2 and Table 2.3 show the running times for the systems given to us by Vahid. Dabbaghian.

187

SystemC-AMS high-level modeling of linear analog blocks with power consumption information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SystemC-AMS allows the modeling of complex heterogeneous systems at different levels of abstraction using different modeling styles, called Models of Computation (MoC). This work presents an approach for including energy consumption information in high-level ... Keywords: passive fourth-order low pass filter, systemC-AMS high-level modeling, linear analog blocks, power consumption information, energy consumption information, linear electrical circuits, systemC-AMS linear signal flow MoC, SPICE netlist, state space representation extraction, LSF description level

L. Bousquet; F. Cenni; E. Simeu

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Design of a superconducting linear accelerator for an Infrared Free Electron Laser of the proposed Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory at LBL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accelerator complex has recently been designed at LBL as part of an Infrared Free Electron Laser facility in support of a proposed Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory. We will outline the choice of parameters and design philosophy, which are strongly driven by the demand of reliable and spectrally stable operation of the FEL for very special scientific experiments. The design is based on a 500 MHz recirculating superconducting electron linac with highest energy reach of about 60 MeV. The accelerator is injected with beams prepared by a specially designed gun-buncher system and incorporates a near-isochronous and achromatic recirculation line tunable over a wide range of beam energies. The stability issues considered to arrive at the specific design will be outlined.

Chattopadhyay, S.; Byrns, R.; Donahue, R.; Edighoffer, J.; Gough, R.; Hoyer, E.; Kim, K.J.; Leemans, W.; Staples, J.; Taylor, B.; Xie, M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - All Systems Go: A New...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All Systems Go: A New High-energy Record for LCLS By Glenn Roberts Jr. June 18, 2013 John Hill watched with eager anticipation as controllers ramped up the power systems driving...

190

Estimates in the Generalized Morrey Space for Linear Parabolic Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of the this paper is to study the parabolic system uti - D_?(aij??D_?uj) = -div fi in the generalized Morrey Space L_?2,? .… (more)

McBride, Matthew Scott

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Parametrically excited non-linear systems: a comparison of two methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subharmonic resonance of two-degree-of-freedom systems with cubic non-linearities to multifrequency parametric excitations in the presence of three-to-one internal resonance is investigated. Two approximate methods (the multiple scales and the generalized ... Keywords: generalized synchronization method, multifrequency excitations, multiple scales method, non-linear vibration, resonances, stability, two-mode response

A. F. El-Bassiouny

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Forecasting the Maintenance of Quasi-Linear Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of forecasting the maintenance of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is investigated through an examination of observed proximity soundings. Furthermore, environmental variables that are statistically different between mature and ...

Michael C. Coniglio; Harold E. Brooks; Steven J. Weiss; Stephen F. Corfidi

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to heat a storage system during the day that can be used in the evening or during cloudy weather to generate additional steam to produce electricity. Parabolic trough plants can...

194

Convergence acceleration techniques in CAD systems for grounding analysis in layered soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by ground rods vertically thrusted in certain places of the substation site. Thus, when a fault conditionConvergence acceleration techniques in CAD systems for grounding analysis in layered soils I a numerical formulation based on the Boundary Element Method for the analysis of grounding systems embedded

Colominas, Ignasi

195

Accelerating improvement of fuzzy rules induction with artificial immune systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces an algorithmic improvement to IFRAIS, an existing Artificial Immune System method for fuzzy rule mining. The improvement presented consists of using rule buffering during the computation of fitness of rules. This is achieved using ... Keywords: artificial immune system, data mining, fuzzy rules induction

Edward Mezyk; Olgierd Unold

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Dynamics of the accelerator-driven system as a variable gain amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historically, subcritical accelerator-driven systems have been called electronuclear devices. Interest in these devices has been revived for numerous nuclear applications, such as boron neutron capture therapy, accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW), and accelerator-based conversion (ABC). The latter systems are being investigated at Los Alamos National Laboratory for energy production and radioactive waste transmutation. The ATW and ABC in particular are accelerator-(source)-driven subcritical fluid-fueled systems. System dynamics are affected by movement of delayed neutron precursors and poisons into and out of the active multiplying region, giving both a reactivity effect and reduced {Beta} (called {Beta}{sub eff}). A salient dynamic characteristic of the system is that the neutron population (power) is very sensitive to the level of subcritical reactivity, which can depend on poisoning, depletion, and thermal feedback over short operational time scales. Ruby has pointed out that the dynamic behavior of systems containing sources is not fully appreciated. It is our purpose here to illustrate some of the more interesting dynamic characteristics of systems like ATW or ABC.

Woosley, M.L. Jr.; Rydin, R.A. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Solving systems of linear equations using a grid structural outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Awwad,A.M. Al-Ayyoub,A. Ould-Khaoua,M. Day,K. Proceedings 13th IASTED International Conference Parallel and Distributed Computing and Systems (PDCS 2001), Anaheim, California, August 21-24, 2001. pp 365-369 CSREA Press

Awwad, A.M.; Al-Ayyoub, A.; Ould-Khaoua, M.

198

A Numerical Simulation Study of the Effects of Anvil Shading on Quasi-Linear Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations are used to investigate how the attenuation of solar radiation by the intervening cumulonimbus cloud, particularly its large anvil, affects the structure, intensity, and evolution of quasi-linear convective systems and the ...

Andrew J. Oberthaler; Paul M. Markowski

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Evolution of a Quasi-Linear Convective System Sampled by Phased Array Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2010, a quasi-linear convective system (QLCS) moved eastward through Oklahoma during the early morning hours. Wind damage in Rush Springs, Oklahoma, approached (enhanced Fujita) EF1-scale intensity and was likely associated with a ...

Jennifer F. Newman; Pamela L. Heinselman

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

13th International Conference on Magnetically Levitated Systems and Linear Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains short papers on research being conducted throughout the world on magnetically levitated systems, mainly consisting of trains, and magnetic linear drives. These papers have been index separately elsewhere on the data base.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Synthesis of quantized feedback control software for discrete time linear hybrid systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm that given a Discrete Time Linear Hybrid System${\\cal H}$ returns a correct-by-construction software implementation K for a (near time optimal) robust quantized feedback controller for ${\\cal H}$ along with ...

Federico Mari; Igor Melatti; Ivano Salvo; Enrico Tronci

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

PHELIX: design of transformer-driven linear implosion system  

SciTech Connect

Experiments involving electromagnetically-imploded, solid-density liners can be achieved at reduced cost and energy if we start with a scale-size based on diagnostic resolution, rather than on the largest capacitor bank or generator we could bring to bear. For minimum resolution of 100 microns or less, many useful experiments could be performed with initial liner diameters that are factors of two to three smaller than used on high-energy systems, such as Atlas, thereby reducing energy requirements to sub-megajoule levels. Reduction in scale-size, however, also decreases the inductance change associated with liner motion relative to other inductances in the circuit. To improve coupling efficiency to liner kinetic energy, we invoke a current step-up transformer. Scaling relations have been developed for reducing the size and energy of such systems and compared with detailed numerical simulations. We discuss these calculations and describe the engineering embodiment of the resulting design for a system called PHELIX (Precision High Energy-density Liner Implosion eXperiment).

Turchi, Peter J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Atchison, Walter L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rousculp, Chris L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reinovsky, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible. 2 figs.

Walsh, M.M.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

204

Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible.

Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

205

Linear Correlation Between Patient Survival and Decreased Percentage of Tumor [{sup 18}F]Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake for Late-Course Accelerated Hyperfractionated Radiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aims of this trial were to study whether a decreased percentage of tumor fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake (%DeltaSUVmax) correlated with overall survival and local control times for patients with esophageal cancer and which patients would benefit from a late-course accelerated hyperfractionated (LCHF) radiation scheme. Methods and Materials: A total of 50 eligible patients with squamous esophageal cancer received positron-emission tomography examinations three times and were treated with the LCHF radiation scheme, with a dose of 68.4 Gy/41 fractions in 6.5 weeks. A %DeltaSUVmax value was calculated, and patients were stratified as highly radiosensitive (HR), moderately radiosensitive (MR), and low radiosensitivity (LR) according to %DeltaSUVmax values in the conventional fraction (CF) scheme. Then, a linear correlation was calculated between patients' survival time and %DeltaSUVmax. Local control and overall survival rates were compared after stratification. Results: In the MR subgroup, there was no linear correlation between %DeltaSUVmax and the CF and LCHF schemes (correlation coefficient, R < 0.4; p > 0.05). In the other subgroups (HR and LR), %DeltaSUVmax values between the CF and LCHF schemes were correlated. Also, in the HR and LR subgroups, %DeltaSUVmax after radiation correlated with overall survival or local control rates (correlation coefficient, R >0.5, and p < 0.05). Three-year local control rates in the HR, MR, and LR subgroups were 100%, 81.5%, and 0%, respectively (p < 0.001). Also, 3-year overall survival rates were 92.4%, 58.8%, and 0% for HR, MR, and LR subgroups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Postradiation %DeltaSUVmax was positively correlated with survival time for patients' with esophageal cancer. Patients who benefited from LCHF schedules were those with a decrease of 30% to 60% in tumor FDG uptake after the completion of CF radiation.

Ma Jinbo; Song Yipeng [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Yu Jinming, E-mail: yujmwin@yahoo.cn [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China); Zhou Wei [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Cheng Ercheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Zhang Xiqin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Protecting Accelerator Control Systems in the Face of Sophisticated Cyber Attacks  

SciTech Connect

Cyber security for industrial control systems has received significant attention in the past two years. The news coverage of the Stuxnet attack, believed to be targeted at the control system for a uranium enrichment plant, brought the issue to the attention of news media and policy makers. This has led to increased scrutiny of control systems for critical infrastructure such as power generation and distribution, and industrial systems such as chemical plants and petroleum refineries. The past two years have also seen targeted network attacks aimed at corporate and government entities including US Department of Energy National Laboratories. Both of these developments have potential repercussions for the control systems of particle accelerators. The need to balance risks from potential attacks with the operational needs of an accelerator present a unique challenge for the system architecture and access model.

Hartman, Steven M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Exploring predistortion training algorithms in a Cartesian feedback-trained digital predistortion system for RF power amplifier linearization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Cartesian feedback-trained digital predistortion system for RF power amplifier linearization offers many advantages with its combination of two different linearization techniques. This thesis describes such a system, ...

Huang, Jeffrey B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Human Accelerator - Teacher Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrons. The cavities are arranged in two long, straight sections called Linear Accelerators. In this activity, students pass tennis balls down a line like Jefferson Lab's...

209

Brief paper: Suboptimal control of linear stochastic multivariable systems with unknown parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is proposed for suboptimal control of linear multivariable systems with unknown parameters and output noise covariances. This algorithm is based on the idea of explicitly separating the functions of identification, estimation and control. ... Keywords: Kalman filters, Multivariable control systems, canonical forms, controllability, discrete time systems, observability, parameter estimation, state estimation, state space methods, stochastic control

H. El-Sherief; N. K. Sinha

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Asynchronous data change notification between database server and accelerator controls system  

SciTech Connect

Database data change notification (DCN) is a commonly used feature. Not all database management systems (DBMS) provide an explicit DCN mechanism. Even for those DBMS's which support DCN (such as Oracle and MS SQL server), some server side and/or client side programming may be required to make the DCN system work. This makes the setup of DCN between database server and interested clients tedious and time consuming. In accelerator control systems, there are many well established software client/server architectures (such as CDEV, EPICS, and ADO) that can be used to implement data reflection servers that transfer data asynchronously to any client using the standard SET/GET API. This paper describes a method for using such a data reflection server to set up asynchronous DCN (ADCN) between a DBMS and clients. This method works well for all DBMS systems which provide database trigger functionality. Asynchronous data change notification (ADCN) between database server and clients can be realized by combining the use of a database trigger mechanism, which is supported by major DBMS systems, with server processes that use client/server software architectures that are familiar in the accelerator controls community (such as EPICS, CDEV or ADO). This approach makes the ADCN system easy to set up and integrate into an accelerator controls system. Several ADCN systems have been set up and used in the RHIC-AGS controls system.

Fu, W.; Morris, J.; Nemesure, S.

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

211

The NREL Outdoor Accelerated-Weathering Tracking System Photovoltaic Module Exposure Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Status results are presented for the Outdoor Accelerated-Weathering Tracking System (OATS) first study on photovoltaic (PV) modules. Studies began in November 1997 on pairs of commercially available crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon (a-Si) PV modules kept at constant resistive load.

Basso, T. S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Profiling Heterogeneous Multi-GPU Systems to Accelerate Cortically Inspired Learning Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Profiling Heterogeneous Multi-GPU Systems to Accelerate Cortically Inspired Learning Algorithms Andrew Nere, Atif Hashmi, and Mikko Lipasti Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University a plausible, attractive, fault-tolerant, and energy- efficient possibility. Such attributes have once again

Lipasti, Mikko H.

213

Brief paper: A method for optimal control and filtering of multitime-scale linear singularly-perturbed stochastic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce a transformation for the exact closed-loop decomposition of the optimal Kalman filter and the linear quadratic optimal controller of multi time scale continuous-time, linear, singularly-perturbed stochastic systems. The solution ... Keywords: Algebraic Riccati equation, Decoupling, Kalman filters, Multi time scale systems, Optimal linear control, Order reduction, Singularly-perturbed systems

N. Prljaca; Z. Gajic

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Detection optimization using linear systems analysis of a coded aperture laser sensor system  

SciTech Connect

Minimum detectable irradiance levels for a diffraction grating based laser sensor were calculated to be governed by clutter noise resulting from reflected earth albedo. Features on the earth surface caused pseudo-imaging effects on the sensor`s detector arras that resulted in the limiting noise in the detection domain. It was theorized that a custom aperture transmission function existed that would optimize the detection of laser sources against this clutter background. Amplitude and phase aperture functions were investigated. Compared to the diffraction grating technique, a classical Young`s double-slit aperture technique was investigated as a possible optimized solution but was not shown to produce a system that had better clutter-noise limited minimum detectable irradiance. Even though the double-slit concept was not found to have a detection advantage over the slit-grating concept, one interesting concept grew out of the double-slit design that deserved mention in this report, namely the Barker-coded double-slit. This diffractive aperture design possessed properties that significantly improved the wavelength accuracy of the double-slit design. While a concept was not found to beat the slit-grating concept, the methodology used for the analysis and optimization is an example of the application of optoelectronic system-level linear analysis. The techniques outlined here can be used as a template for analysis of a wide range of optoelectronic systems where the entire system, both optical and electronic, contribute to the detection of complex spatial and temporal signals.

Gentry, S.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Optoelectronic Design Dept.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

ION ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arrangement for the drift tubes in a linear accelerator is described whereby each drift tube acts to shield the particles from the influence of the accelerating field and focuses the particles passing through the tube. In one embodiment the drift tube is splii longitudinally into quadrants supported along the axis of the accelerator by webs from a yoke, the quadrants. webs, and yoke being of magnetic material. A magnetic focusing action is produced by energizing a winding on each web to set up a magnetic field between adjacent quadrants. In the other embodiment the quadrants are electrically insulated from each other and have opposite polarity voltages on adjacent quadrants to provide an electric focusing fleld for the particles, with the quadrants spaced sufficienily close enough to shield the particles within the tube from the accelerating electric field.

Bell, J.S.

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

The accelerated site technology deployment program presents the segmented gate system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is working to accelerate the acceptance and application of innovative technologies that improve the way the nation manages its environmental remediation problems. The DOE Office of Science and Technology established the Accelerated Site Technology Deployment Program (ASTD) to help accelerate the acceptance and implementation of new and innovative soil and ground water remediation technologies. Coordinated by the Department of Energy's Idaho Office, the ASTD Program reduces many of the classic barriers to the deployment of new technologies by involving government, industry, and regulatory agencies in the assessment, implementation, and validation of innovative technologies. The paper uses the example of the Segmented Gate System (SGS) to illustrate how the ASTD program works. The SGS was used to cost effectively separate clean and contaminated soil for four different radionuclides: plutonium, uranium, thorium, and cesium. Based on those results, it has been proposed to use the SGS at seven other DOE sites across the country.

PATTESON,RAYMOND; MAYNOR,DOUG; CALLAN,CONNIE

2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

217

Alternative to the Well-known Statistical Dynamics of Linear Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of determining the mathematical model of the dynamics of multi-dimensional control systems in the presence of noise under the condition that the correlation functions cannot be found. Known statistical dynamics of linear systems is a more effective alternative. Background information is presented in the form of individual implementations nonergodic stochastic processes. Such a realization is deterministic functions. We introduce the concept of systems of sets of signals for the components on the semiring. For the system of sets of linearly dependent and linearly independent of the measured signals of a certain frequency properties. Frequency method is designed to deal with the noise on the set of deterministic functions. Example is the determination of the dynamic characteristics of the aircraft in accordance with the data obtained in one automatic landing.

V. N. Tibabishev

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

G-NetMon: a GPU-accelerated network performance monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

At Fermilab, we have prototyped a GPU-accelerated network performance monitoring system, called G-NetMon, to support large-scale scientific collaborations. In this work, we explore new opportunities in network traffic monitoring and analysis with GPUs. Our system exploits the data parallelism that exists within network flow data to provide fast analysis of bulk data movement between Fermilab and collaboration sites. Experiments demonstrate that our G-NetMon can rapidly detect sub-optimal bulk data movements.

Wu, Wenji; DeMar, Phil; Holmgren, Don; Singh, Amitoj; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Stabilisation and control of unstable first-order linear delay systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work considers the problem of stabilisation and control of first-order linear systems subject to input delay. As it is known, the stability analysis of this type of systems becomes difficult due to the term dead time considered. To solve the ...

B. Del-Muro-Cuellar; J. F. Marquez-Rubio; M. Velasco-Villa; J. Alvarez-Ramirez

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Linearizer for pulse-shaping of received pulse in ultra-wideband radio systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel concept of pulse-shaping in an ultra-wide band radio system. Instead of attempting to design an antenna with flat group delay, the emphasis has been shifted to the signal processing aspect of pulse shaping. The received pulse ... Keywords: Group delay, Linearizer, Pulse shaping, Radar, Radio systems, Ultra-wideband

Ajay K. Singh; Pradeep Kumar; G. Singh; T. Chakravarty

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A stable one-step-ahead predictive control of non-linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper stability of one-step ahead predictive controllers based on non-linear models is established. It is shown that, under conditions which can be fulfilled by most industrial plants, the closed-loop system is robustly stable in the presence ... Keywords: Input-output constraints, Neural networks, Nonlinear systems, Predictive control, RBFN's, Robust, Stability

C. Kambhampati; J. D. Mason; K. Warwick

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Design of Vertical Transportation System Driven by Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor Signal Acquisition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor(PMLSM) Vertical Transportation system is a new kind of ropeless hoisting system. In addition to the complications of dynamic state characteristic, the examination of some signals is also very difficult. In this ... Keywords: PMLSM, Signal Acquisition, Hardware Designs, Software

Wang Chang Li; Zhang You Dong; Zhao Liang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Algorithm 741: least-squares solution of a linear, bordered, block-diagonal system of equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A package of Fortran subroutines is presented for the least-squares solution of a system of overdetermined, full-rank, linear equations with single-bordered block-diagonal structure. This structure allows for a natural sequential processing, one block ... Keywords: bordered block-diagonal equations, least-squares solutions, sparse systems

Richard D. Ray

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Regular method of construction of the reversible dynamical systems and their linear extensions-Quanputers  

SciTech Connect

Quantum computers are considered as a part of the family of the reversible, linearly extended, dynamical systems-Quanputers. Original method of construction of the quanputers is given. Application of this method for finite- and infinite-dimensional systems is shown. New (de)coherence criterion is formulated.

Makhaldiani, N. V., E-mail: mnv@jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Truncated predictor feedback for linear systems with long time-varying input delays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the problem of stabilizing a linear system with a single long time-varying delay in the input. Under the assumption that the open-loop system is stabilizable and not exponentially unstable, a finite dimensional static time-varying ... Keywords: Actuator saturation, Energy constraints, Semi-global stabilization, Stabilization, Time-varying delay, Truncated predictor feedback

Bin Zhou; Zongli Lin; Guang-Ren Duan

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

HIGH-POWER PRECISION CURRENT SUPPLY IST2-1000M FOR ELEMENTS OF MAGNETIC SYSTEMS OF ACCELERATORS AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BF), a detached supply transformer and power switch. Power box PB comprises the following: - a threeHIGH-POWER PRECISION CURRENT SUPPLY IST2-1000M FOR ELEMENTS OF MAGNETIC SYSTEMS OF ACCELERATORS. These supplies are intended to power magnetic systems of accelerators, requiring high stability and low ripples

Kozak, Victor R.

227

Solar receiver heliostat reflector having a linear drive and position information system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heliostat for a solar receiver system comprises an improved drive and control system for the heliostat reflector assembly. The heliostat reflector assembly is controllably driven in a predetermined way by a light-weight drive system so as to be angularly adjustable in both elevation and azimuth to track the sun and efficiently continuously reflect the sun's rays to a focal zone, i.e., heat receiver, which forms part of a solar energy utilization system, such as a solar energy fueled electrical power generation system. The improved drive system includes linear stepping motors which comprise low weight, low cost, electronic pulse driven components. One embodiment comprises linear stepping motors controlled by a programmed, electronic microprocessor. Another embodiment comprises a tape driven system controlled by a position control magnetic tape.

Horton, Richard H. (Schenectady, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Centrifugal accelerator, system and method for removing unwanted layers from a surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cryoblasting process having a centrifugal accelerator for accelerating frozen pellets of argon or carbon dioxide toward a target area utilizes an accelerator throw wheel designed to induce, during operation, the creation of a low-friction gas bearing within internal passages of the wheel which would otherwise retard acceleration of the pellets as they move through the passages. An associated system and method for removing paint from a surface with cryoblasting techniques involves the treating, such as a preheating, of the painted surface to soften the paint prior to the impacting of frozen pellets thereagainst to increase the rate of paint removal. A system and method for producing large quantities of frozen pellets from a liquid material, such as liquid argon or carbon dioxide, for use in a cryoblasting process utilizes a chamber into which the liquid material is introduced in the form of a jet which disintegrates into droplets. A non-condensible gas, such as inert helium or air, is injected into the chamber at a controlled rate so that the droplets freeze into bodies of relatively high density.

Foster, Christopher A. (Clinton, TN); Fisher, Paul W. (Heiskell, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hippocampal-Sparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy: A 'How-To' Technique Using Helical Tomotherapy and Linear Accelerator-Based Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Sparing the hippocampus during cranial irradiation poses important technical challenges with respect to contouring and treatment planning. Herein we report our preliminary experience with whole-brain radiotherapy using hippocampal sparing for patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Five anonymous patients previously treated with whole-brain radiotherapy with hippocampal sparing were reviewed. The hippocampus was contoured, and hippocampal avoidance regions were created using a 5-mm volumetric expansion around the hippocampus. Helical tomotherapy and linear accelerator (LINAC)-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plans were generated for a prescription dose of 30 Gy in 10 fractions. Results: On average, the hippocampal avoidance volume was 3.3 cm{sup 3}, occupying 2.1% of the whole-brain planned target volume. Helical tomotherapy spared the hippocampus, with a median dose of 5.5 Gy and maximum dose of 12.8 Gy. LINAC-based IMRT spared the hippocampus, with a median dose of 7.8 Gy and maximum dose of 15.3 Gy. On a per-fraction basis, mean dose to the hippocampus (normalized to 2-Gy fractions) was reduced by 87% to 0.49 Gy{sub 2} using helical tomotherapy and by 81% to 0.73 Gy{sub 2} using LINAC-based IMRT. Target coverage and homogeneity was acceptable with both IMRT modalities, with differences largely attributed to more rapid dose fall-off with helical tomotherapy. Conclusion: Modern IMRT techniques allow for sparing of the hippocampus with acceptable target coverage and homogeneity. Based on compelling preclinical evidence, a Phase II cooperative group trial has been developed to test the postulated neurocognitive benefit.

Gondi, Vinai [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tolakanahalli, Ranjini [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Mehta, Minesh P. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tewatia, Dinesh [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Rowley, Howard [Department of Neuroradiology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Kuo, John S. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Khuntia, Deepak [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tome, Wolfgang A., E-mail: tome@humonc.wisc.ed [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Above-60-MeV proton acceleration with a 150 TW laser system.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser-accelerated proton beams can be used in a variety of applications, e.g. ultrafast radiography of dense objects or strong electromagnetic fields. Therefore high energies of tens of MeV are required. We report on proton-acceleration experiments with a 150 TW laser system using mm-sized thin foils and mass-reduced targets of various thicknesses. Thin- foil targets yielded maximum energies of 50 MeV. A further reduction of the target dimensions from mm-size to 250 x 250 x 25 microns increased the maximum proton energy to >65 MeV, which is comparable to proton energies measured only at higher-energy, Petawatt-class laser systems. The dependence of the maximum energy on target dimensions was investigated, and differences between mm-sized thin foils and mass-reduced targets will be reported.

Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Geissel, Matthias; Schollmeier, Marius; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Finding of No Significant Impact for the Construction and Operation of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), California (DOE/EA-1426) (2/28/03)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Finding of No Significant Impact Construction and Operation of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), California. AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1426, evaluating the proposed action to construct and operate the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Based upon the information and analyses in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed federal action does not significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.

232

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Baseline Configuration of the Cryogenic System for the International Linear Collider  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the main constraints and boundary conditions and describes the baseline configuration of the International Linear Collider (ILC) cryogenic system. The cryogenic layout, architecture and the cooling principle are presented. The paper addresses a plan for study and development required to demonstrate and improve the performance, to reduce cost and to attain the desired reliability.

Casas-Cubillos, J.; Claudet, S.; Parma, V.; Riddone, G.; Serio, L.; Tavian, L.; Vullierme, B.; van Weelderen, R.; /CERN; Chorowski, M.; /Wroclaw Tech. U.; Ganni, R.; Rode, C.; /Jefferson Lab; Klebaner, A.; Peterson, T.; Theilacker, J.; /Fermilab; Rousset, B.; /Grenoble, CEN; Weisend, J.; /SLAC

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

234

Issues in the design of switched linear control systems: A benchmark study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the paper presents a wind turbine regulation problem. This problem is can be solved using a switched linear-scale grid-connected variable- speed pitch-regulated wind turbines. The wind turbine system essentially varying wind-field. However, the wind- field may be represented by a single wind speed constant over

Williamson, John

235

Image replica detection system utilizing R-trees and linear discriminant analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manuscript introduces a novel system for content-based identification of image replicas. The proposed approach utilizes image resemblance for deciding whether a test image has been replicated from a certain original or not. We formulate replica ... Keywords: Content-based monitoring, Copy image detection, Copyright protection, Fingerprinting, Linear discriminant analysis (LDA), Perceptual hashing, R-tree indexing, Replica detection, Robust hashing

Spiros Nikolopoulos; Stafanos Zafeiriou; Nikos Nikolaidis; Ioannis Pitas

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A 20-SUN HYBRID PV-THERMAL LINEAR MICRO-CONCENTRATOR SYSTEM FOR URBAN ROOFTOP APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

factor satisfies aesthetic demands for general rooftop solar technologies, and is a marked departure fromA 20-SUN HYBRID PV-THERMAL LINEAR MICRO-CONCENTRATOR SYSTEM FOR URBAN ROOFTOP APPLICATIONS D Walter has been developed specifically for urban rooftop environments. The light- weight, low-profile form

237

Optimal approximation of linear systems using Taguchi-sliding-based differential evolution algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Taguchi-sliding-based differential evolution algorithm (TSBDEA) is proposed in this study to solve the problem of optimally approximating linear systems. The TSBDEA is an approach of combining the differential evolution algorithm (DEA) with the Taguchi-sliding-level-method ... Keywords: Differential evolution algorithm, Model reduction, Taguchi sliding level method

Jinn-Tsong Tsai; Wen-Hsien Ho; Jyh-Horng Chou; Ching-Yi Guo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Generalized linear model-based expert system for estimating the cost of transportation projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Timely effective cost management requires reliable cost estimates at every stage of project development. While underestimation of transportation costs seems to be a global trend, improving early cost prediction accuracy in estimates is difficult. This ... Keywords: Cost management, Expert system, Generalized linear model, Relational database, Transportation projects

Jui-Sheng Chou

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Compact accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact linear accelerator having at least one strip-shaped Blumlein module which guides a propagating wavefront between first and second ends and controls the output pulse at the second end. Each Blumlein module has first, second, and third planar conductor strips, with a first dielectric strip between the first and second conductor strips, and a second dielectric strip between the second and third conductor strips. Additionally, the compact linear accelerator includes a high voltage power supply connected to charge the second conductor strip to a high potential, and a switch for switching the high potential in the second conductor strip to at least one of the first and third conductor strips so as to initiate a propagating reverse polarity wavefront(s) in the corresponding dielectric strip(s).

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Kirbie, Hugh C. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

240

Disposition of Nuclear Waste Using Subcritical Accelerator-Driven Systems: Technology Choices and Implementation Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has led the development of accelerator-driven transmutation of waste (ATW) to provide an alternative technological solution to the disposition of nuclear waste. While ATW will not eliminate the need for a high-level waste repository, it offers a new technology option for altering the nature of nuclear waste and enhancing the capability of a repository. The basic concept of ATW focuses on reducing the time horizon for the radiological risk from hundreds of thousands of years to a few hundred years and on reducing the thermal loading. As such, ATW will greatly reduce the amount of transuranic elements that will be disposed of in a high-level waste repository. The goal of the ATW nuclear subsystem is to produce three orders of magnitude reduction in the long-term radiotoxicity of the waste sent to a repository, including losses through processing. If the goal is met, the radiotoxicity of ATW-treated waste after 300 yr would be less than that of untreated waste after 100 000 yr.These objectives can be achieved through the use of high neutron fluxes produced in accelerator-driven subcritical systems. While critical fission reactors can produce high neutron fluxes to destroy actinides and select fission products, the effectiveness of the destruction is limited by the criticality requirement. Furthermore, a substantial amount of excess reactivity would have to be supplied initially and compensated for by control poisons. To overcome these intrinsic limitations, we searched for solutions in subcritical systems freed from the criticality requirement by taking advantage of the recent breakthroughs in accelerator technology and the release of liquid lead/bismuth nuclear coolant technology from Russia. The effort led to the selection of an accelerator-driven subcritical system that results in the destruction of the actinides and fission products of concern as well as permitting easy operational control through the external control of the neutron source.

Venneri, Francesco; Williamson, Mark A.; Li Ning; Houts, Michael G.; Morley, Richard A.; Beller, Denis E.; Sailor, William; Lawrence, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States)

2000-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Mean field limit of bosonic systems in partially factorized states and their linear combinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the mean field limit of one-particle reduced density matrices, for a bosonic system in an initial state with a fixed number of particles, only a fraction of which occupies the same state, and for linear combinations of such states. In the mean field limit, the time-evolved reduced density matrix is proved to converge: in trace norm, towards a rank one projection (on the state solution of Hartree equation) for a single state; in Hilbert-Schmidt norm towards a mixed state, combination of projections on different solutions (corresponding to each initial datum), for states that are a linear superposition.

Marco Falconi

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

242

Development of digital feedback systems for beam position and energy at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  

SciTech Connect

The development of beam-based digital feedback systems for the CEBAF accelerator has gone through several stages. As the accelerator moved from commissioning to operation for the nuclear physics program, the top priority was to stabilize the beam against slow energy and position drifts (<1 Hz). These slow drifts were corrected using the existing accelerator monitors and actuators driven by software running on top of the EPICS control system. With slow drifts corrected, attention turned to quantifying the higher frequency disturbances on the beam and to designing the required feedback systems needed to achieve the CEBAF design stability requirements. Results from measurements showed the major components in position and energy to be at harmonics of the power line frequencies of 60, 120, and 180 Hz. Hardware and software was installed in two locations of the accelerator as prototypes for the faster feedback systems needed. This paper gives an overview of the measured beam disturbances and the feedback systems developed.

Karn, J.; Chowdhary, M.; Hutton, A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A Novel MagPipe Pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel capsule pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives, called Magplane MagPipe, is under development with the intention to replace trucks and railways for hauling materials from the mine to the rail head, power plant, or processing plant with reduced operating cost and energy consumption. The initial demonstration of a MagPipe line in Inner Mongolia will be a 500-m-long double-pipe coal transport system with the design transportation capacity of 3 Mega-Mg per year. The pipeline consists of 6-m-long plastic pipe modules with an I-beam suspension system inside the pipe to carry sets of five coupled capsules. The pipe will also contain noncontinuous motor winding modules spaced at 50-m intervals. A set of Halbach-arrayed permanent magnets on the bottom of the capsules interact with the linear motor windings to provide propulsion. The motor is driven by variable frequency drives outside the pipe to control the speed. This paper briefly describes the overall MagPipe pipeline transportation system, including the preliminary conclusions of the linear synchronous motor analysis.

Fang, J.R.; Montgomery, D.B.; Roderick, L. [Magplane Technology Inc., Littleton, MA (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Development of a comprehensive reporting system for a school reform organization: The Accelerated Schools Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the conflicting research results on the effectiveness of whole-school reform models (Nunnery, 1998; Stringfield & Herman, 1997; American Institutes for Research, 1999; U.S. Department of Education, 2004), there is a need to focus on the evaluation procedures of whole-school reform organizations. Because the ultimate goal is to improve school performance, it should also be a goal of each whole-school reform organization to design a comprehensive data collection system to evaluate each schoolÂ?s performance. A comprehensive reporting system was developed for a school reform organization, the Accelerated Schools Project (ASP). Using the steps of the research and development process recommended by Borg and Gall (1989), this study: (a) developed a theoretical framework for the reporting system, (b) identified data that should be collected in the reporting system, (c) performed a field test with an expert panel of educational professionals, (d) developed a preliminary form of the reporting system, (e) performed a main field test with principals and coaches in the ASP network, (f) reported field test results, (g) revised the preliminary reporting system, (h) developed a website for the reporting system, and (i) provided recommendations for the completion, dissemination and implementation of the system in accelerated schools across the nation. This study has important implications for both the ASP community and for the entire whole-school reform community. For the ASP community, the reporting system could be used: (a) to collect data in all accelerated schools across the nation (b) as a longitudinal database of information to monitor data on each ASP school, and (c) to generate school summary reports on ASP schools. These data will assist researchers in measuring the effectiveness of the ASP model on student achievement and other important variables. For the whole-school reform community, the method used in this study could be replicated in other school reform organizations to develop a comprehensive reporting system. By providing consistent data for school reform organizations to evaluate the impact of their models on students and schools, educational researchers will be better equipped to understand each modelÂ?s impact, and thus will better understand the diverse research results on school reform effectiveness.

Stephens, Jennifer Anne

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Annular precision linear shaped charge flight termination system for the ODES program  

SciTech Connect

The work for the development of an Annular Precision Linear Shaped Charge (APLSC) Flight Termination System (FTS) for the Operation and Deployment Experiment Simulator (ODES) program is discussed and presented in this report. The Precision Linear Shaped Charge (PLSC) concept was recently developed at Sandia. The APLSC component is designed to produce a copper jet to cut four inch diameter holes in each of two spherical tanks, one containing fuel and the other an oxidizer that are hyperbolic when mixed, to terminate the ODES vehicle flight if necessary. The FTS includes two detonators, six Mild Detonating Fuse (MDF) transfer lines, a detonator block, detonation transfer manifold, and the APLSC component. PLSCs have previously been designed in ring components where the jet penetrating axis is either directly away or toward the center of the ring assembly. Typically, these PLSC components are designed to cut metal cylinders from the outside inward or from the inside outward. The ODES program requires an annular linear shaped charge. The (Linear Shaped Charge Analysis) LESCA code was used to design this 65 grain/foot APLSC and data comparing the analytically predicted to experimental data are presented. Jet penetration data are presented to assess the maximum depth and reproducibility of the penetration. Data are presented for full scale tests, including all FTS components, and conducted with nominal 19 inch diameter, spherical tanks.

Vigil, M.G.; Marchi, D.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Parametric systems studies of the aqueous-based (slurry) blanket concept for accelerator transmutation of waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmutation of long-lived nuclear waste currently stored in spent reactor fuels may represent an attractive alternative to deep geologic disposal. The aqueous-based accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) concept uses a proton accelerator to produce a 1.6-GeV, 250-mA ( ca. 400 MW) beam that is split four ways and directed to four D{sub 2}O-cooled solid W-Pb composite targets. Each target in turn is centered in a heavy water moderated, highly multiplying, actinide (oxide)-slurry blanket. The target-blanket system for ATW resides at an interface separating two major systems that are crucial to the economic and technical success of the concept: (a) the high-energy (power-intensive) accelerator delivering 0.8 to 1.6 GeV protons to the high-Z spallation neutron source and (b) the chemical-plant equipment (CPE) that provides feedstock appropriate for efficient and effective transmutation. Parametric studies have been performed to assess the effects of the target-blanket on overall system performance with regard to neutron economy, chemical-processing efficiency and thermal-hydraulic design options. Based on these parametric evaluations, an interim base-case aqueous-slurry ATW design was selected for more detailed analysis. This base-case target-blanket consists of an array of Zr-Nb pressure tubes placed in a heavy water moderator surrounding a heavy-water-cooled W-Pb target. Neutronics and thermal-hydraulic calculations indicate that each of the four ATW target-blanket modules operating with a neutron multiplication k{sub eff} = 0.95 can transmute the actinide waste and the technetium and iodine waste from ca. 2.5 light water reactors. By recovering the fission heat, sufficient electricity can be produced both to operate the accelerator and to supply power to the grid for revenue generation. These broad-based parametric studies have provided guidance to a preliminary conceptual engineering design of the aqueous-slurry ATW blanket concept.

Beard, C.A.; Davidson, J.W.; Krakowski, R.A.; Battat, M.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Pyrochemical separations technologies envisioned for the U. S. accelerator transmutation of waste system  

SciTech Connect

A program has been initiated for the purpose of developing the chemical separations technologies necessary to support a large Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) system capable of dealing with the projected inventory of spent fuel from the commercial nuclear power stations in the United States. The baseline process selected combines aqueous and pyrochemical processes to enable the efficient separation of uranium, technetium, iodine, and the transuranic elements from LWR spent fuel. The diversity of processing methods was chosen for both technical and economic factors. A six-year technology evaluation and development program is foreseen, by the end of which an informed decision can be made on proceeding with demonstration of the ATW system.

Laidler, J. J.

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

248

The ground state of binary systems with a periodic modulation of the linear coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a quasi-one-dimensional two-component systm, described by a pair of Nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger/Gross-Pitaevskii Equations (NLSEs/GPEs), which are coupled by the linear mixing, with local strength $\\Omega $, and by the nonlinear incoherent interaction. We assume the self-repulsive nonlinearity in both components, and include effects of a harmonic trapping potential. The model may be realized in terms of periodically modulated slab waveguides in nonlinear optics, and in Bose-Einstein condensates too. Depending on the strengths of the linear and nonlinear couplings between the components, the ground states (GSs) in such binary systems may be symmetric or asymmetric. In this work, we introduce a periodic spatial modulation of the linear coupling, making $\\Omega $ an odd, or even function of the coordinate. The sign flips of $\\Omega (x)$ strongly modify the structure of the GS in the binary system, as the relative sign of its components tends to lock to the local sign of $\\Omega $. Using a systematic numerical analysis, and an analytical approximation, we demonstrate that the GS of the trapped system contains one or several kinks (dark solitons) in one component, while the other component does not change its sign. Final results are presented in the form of maps showing the number of kinks in the GS as a function of the system's parameters, with the odd/even modulation function giving rise to the odd/even number of the kinks. The modulation of $\\Omega (x)$ also produces a strong effect on the transition between states with nearly equal and strongly unequal amplitudes of the two components.

Armand Niederberger; Boris A. Malomed; Maciej Lewenstein

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

Stabilizability and Detectability of Singularly Perturbed Linear Time-Invariant Systems with Delays in State and Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A singularly perturbed linear time-invariant system with delays in state and control variables is considered. Connection between properties of open-loop stabilizability (detectability) of the reduced-order and boundary-layer systems, associated with ... Keywords: System with delays in state and control variables, open-loop stabilizability and detectability, reduced-order and boundary-layer systems, singularly perturbed system

V. Y. Glizer

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Time-Varying z-Transform for the Analysis of Discrete-Time Linear Time Periodic Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article deals with a new representation of linear discrete-time periodic systems. This representation, based on the time-varying z-transform, turns out to be highly efficient in the field of automatic control, when an appropriate choice of ... Keywords: Nyquist criterion, final value theorem, initial value theorem, linear discrete-time periodic systems, time-varying z-transform, time-varying frequency response, time-varying systems

A. Garcia Iturricha; J. Sabatier; A. Oustaloup

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Accelerator Operations and Physics - Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Operations & Physics Accelerator Systems Division---Argonne National Laboratory Mission Statement Safe, reliable, attentive, and responsive operation of APS accelerator...

252

Analysis and Design of a High Power Density Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Machine Used for Stirling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

a high power density axial flux permanent magnet linear synchronous machine and the stirling system will be introduced. This machine is a tubular axial flux permanent magnet machine. It comprises two parts: stator and mover. With the 2D finite-element ... Keywords: permanent magnet, stirling engine, linear motor

Ping Zheng; Xuhui Gan; Lin Li

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Linear Diagnostics to Assess the Performance of an Ensemble Forecast System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of an ensemble prediction system is inherently flow dependent. This dissertation investigates the flow dependence of the ensemble performance with the help of linear diagnostics applied to the ensemble perturbations in a small local neighborhood of each model grid point location ?. A local error covariance matrix P? is defined for each local region and the diagnostics are applied to the linear space S? defined by the range of the ensemble based estimate of P?. The particular diagnostics are chosen to help investigate the ability of S? to efficiently capture the space of true forecast or analysis uncertainties, accurately predict the magnitude of forecast or analysis uncertainties, and to distinguish between the importance of different state space directions. Additionally, we aim to better understand the roots of the underestimation of the magnitude of uncertainty by the ensemble at longer forecast lead times. Numerical experiments are carried out with an implementation of the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF) data assimilation system on a reduced (T62L28) resolution version of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecast System (GFS). Both simulated observations under the perfect model scenario and observations of the real atmosphere are used in these experiments. It is found that (i) paradoxically, the linear space S? provides an increasingly better estimate of the space of forecast uncertainties as the time evolution of the ensemble perturbations becomes more nonlinear with increasing forecast time, (ii) S? provides a more reliable linear representation of the space of forecast uncertainties for cases of more rapid error growth, (iii) the E-dimension is a reliable predictor of the performance of S? in predicting the space of forecast uncertainties, (iv) the ensemble grossly underestimates the forecast error variance in S?, (v) when realistic observation coverage is used, the ensemble typically overestimates the uncertainty in the leading eigen-directions of ˆP ? and underestimates the uncertainty in the trailing directions at analysis time and underestimates the uncertainty in all directions by the 120-hr forecast lead time, and (vi) at analysis time, with a constant covariance inflation factor, the ensemble typically underestimates uncertainty in densely observed regions and overestimates the uncertainty in sparsely observed regions.

Satterfield, Elizabeth A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

High brightness electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high brightness linear accelerator is provided for use, e.g., in a free electron laser. The accelerator has a first plurality of acclerating cavities having end walls with four coupling slots for accelerating electrons to high velocities in the absence of quadrupole fields. A second plurality of cavities receives the high velocity electrons for further acceleration, where each of the second cavities has end walls with two coupling slots for acceleration in the absence of dipole fields. The accelerator also includes a first cavity with an extended length to provide for phase matching the electron beam along the accelerating cavities. A solenoid is provided about the photocathode that emits the electrons, where the solenoid is configured to provide a substantially uniform magnetic field over the photocathode surface to minimize emittance of the electrons as the electrons enter the first cavity.

Sheffield, R.L.; Carlsten, B.E.; Young, L.M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Linear maps preserving maximal deviation and the Jordan structure of quantum systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the algebraic approach to quantum theory, a quantum observable is given by an element of a Jordan algebra and a state of the system is modelled by a normalized positive functional on the underlying algebra. Maximal deviation of a quantum observable is the largest statistical deviation one can obtain in a particular state of the system. The main result of the paper shows that each linear bijective transformation between JBW algebras preserving maximal deviations is formed by a Jordan isomorphism or a minus Jordan isomorphism perturbed by a linear functional multiple of an identity. It shows that only one numerical statistical characteristic has the power to determine the Jordan algebraic structure completely. As a consequence, we obtain that only very special maps can preserve the diameter of the spectra of elements. Nonlinear maps preserving the pseudometric given by maximal deviation are also described. The results generalize hitherto known theorems on preservers of maximal deviation in the case of self-adjoint parts of von Neumann algebras proved by Molnar.

Hamhalter, Jan [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 2, 166 27 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Diversity-induced resonance in a system of globally coupled linear oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper to analyze in some detail the arguably simplest case of diversity-induced reseonance: that of a system of globally-coupled linear oscillators subjected to a periodic forcing. Diversity appears as the parameters characterizing each oscillator, namely its mass, internal frequency and damping coefficient are drawn from a probability distribution. The main ingredients for the diversity-induced-resonance phenomenon are present in this system as the oscillators display a variability in the individual responses but are induced, by the coupling, to synchronize their responses. A steady state solution for this model is obtained. We also determine the conditions under which it is possible to find a resonance effect.

Raul Toral; Emilio Hernandez-Garcia; James D. Gunton

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

257

Modeling the Interaction between Cumulus Convection and Linear Gravity Waves Using a Limited-Domain Cloud System–Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limited-domain cloud system–resolving model (CSRM) is used to simulate the interaction between cumulus convection and two-dimensional linear gravity waves, a single horizontal wavenumber at a time. With a single horizontal wavenumber, soundings ...

Zhiming Kuang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Effect of Mesoscale Heterogeneity on the Genesis and Structure of Mesovortices within Quasi-Linear Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the structure and evolution of quasi-linear convective systems (QLCSs) within complex mesoscale environments. Convective outflows and other mesoscale features appear to affect the rotational characteristics and associated ...

Dustan M. Wheatley; Robert J. Trapp

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

An Analysis of Vortices Embedded within a Quasi-Linear Convective System Using X-Band Polarimetric Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2010, a developing quasi-linear convective system (QLCS) moved rapidly northeastward through central Oklahoma spawning at least three intense, mesoscale vortices. At least two of these vortices caused damage rated as category 0 to 1 on ...

Vivek N. Mahale; Jerald A. Brotzge; Howard B. Bluestein

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Processes Controlling the Structure and Longevity of Two Quasi-Linear Convective Systems Crossing the Southern New England Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the structural evolution and physical processes that explain the modification of two quasi-linear convective systems (QLCSs) that encountered the densely populated New York City–Atlantic coastal region. One QLCS on 31 May 2002 ...

Kelly Lombardo; Brian A. Colle

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Processes controlling the structure and longevity of two quasi-linear convective systems crossing the southern New England coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the structural evolution and physical processes that explain the modification of two quasi-linear convective systems (QLCSs) that encountered the densely populated New York City Atlantic coastal region. One QLCS on 31 May 2002 ...

Kelly Lombardo; Brian A. Colle

262

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical methods of designing control systems are currently an active area of research. Convex optimization with linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) is one such method. Control objectives like minimizing the H_2, H_infinity norms, limiting the actuating effort to avoid saturation, pole-placement constraints etc., are cast as LMIs and an optimal feedback controller is found by making use of efficient interior-point algorithms. A full-state feedback controller is designed and implemented in this thesis using this method which then forms the basis for designing a static output feedback (SOF) controller. A profile was generated that relates the change in the SOF control gain matrix required to keep the same value of the generalized H_2 norm of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) and two accelerometers as sensors for feedback control and forms a platform to test these control methodologies. For the full-state feedback controller a performance measure (H_2 norm of the transfer function from road disturbance to sprung mass acceleration) of 2.166*10^3 m/s^2 was achieved ensuring that actuator saturation did not occur and that all poles had a minimum damping ratio of 0.2. The SOF controller achieved a performance measure of 1.707*10^3 m/s^2 ensuring that actuator saturation does not occur. Experimental and simulation results are provided which demonstrate the effectiveness of the SOF controller for various values of the sprung mass. A reduction in the peak-to-peak velocity by 73 percent, 72 percent, and 71 percent was achieved for a sprung mass of 2.4 kg, 2.8 kg, and 3.4 kg, respectively. For the same values of the sprung mass, a modified lead-lag compensator achieved a reduction of 79 percent, 77 percent and, 69 percent, respectively. A reduction of 76 percent and 54 percent in the peak-to-peak velocity was achieved for a sprung mass of 6.0 kg in simulation by the SOF controller and the modified lead-lag compensator, respectively. The gain of the modified lead-lag compensator needs to be recomputed in order to achieve a similar attenuation as that of the SOF controller when the value of the sprung mass is changed. For a sprung mass of 3.4 kg and a suspension spring stiffness of 1640 N/m the peak-to-peak velocity of the sprung mass was attenuated by 42 percent.

Chintala, Rohit

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the PS accelerator infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the PS accelerator infrastructure

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Size reduction of high- and low-moisture corn stalks by linear knife grid system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High- and low-moisture corn stalks were tested using a linear knife grid size reduction device developed for first-stage size reduction. The device was used in conjunction with a universal test machine that quantified shearing stress and energy characteristics for forcing a bed of corn stalks through a grid of sharp knives. No published engineering performance data for corn stover with similar devices are available to optimize performance; however, commercial knife grid systems exist for forage size reduction. From the force displacement data, mean and maximum ultimate shear stresses, cumulative and peak mass-based cutting energies for corn stalks, and mean new surface area-based cutting energies were determined from 4 5 refill runs at two moisture contents (78.8% and 11.3% wet basis), three knife grid spacings (25.4, 50.8, and 101.6 mm), and three bed depths (50.8, 101.6, and 152.4 mm). In general, the results indicated that peak failure load, ultimate shear stress, and cutting energy values varied directly with bed depth and inversely with knife grid spacing. Mean separation analysis established that high- and low-moisture conditions and bed depths 101.6 mm did not differ significantly (P corn stalks were much smaller than reported cutting energy requirements. Ultimate shear stress and cutting energy results of this research should aid the engineering design of commercial scale linear knife gird size reduction equipment for various biomass feedstocks.

Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Narayan, S. [First American Scientific Co.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Hierarchical Classifier-Regression Ensemble for Multi-phase Non-linear Dynamic System Response Prediction: Application to Climate Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic physical system often undergoes phase transitions in response to fluctuations induced on system parameters. For example, hurricane activity is the climate system's response initiated by a liquid-vapor phase transition associated with non-linearly ... Keywords: Anomaly detection, Rainfall prediction, Tropical cyclone prediction, spatio-temporal data mining, regression, classification

Doel L. Gonzalez, Zhengzhang Chen, Isaac K. Tetteh, Tatdow Pansombut, Fredrick Semazzi, Vipin Kumar, Anatoli Melechko, Nagiza F. Samatova

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Design of RF Feed System for Standing-Wave Accelerator Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are investigating a standing wave accelerator structure that uses a rf feed to each individual cell. This approach minimizes rf power flow and electromagnetic energy absorbed by an rf breakdown. The objective of this work is a robust high-gradient (above 100 MV/m) X-band accelerator structure.

Neilson, J.; Tantawi, S.; Dolgashev, V.; /SLAC

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Direct-Steam Linear Fresnel Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents the technical formulation and demonstrated model performance results of a new direct-steam-generation (DSG) model in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM). The model predicts the annual electricity production of a wide range of system configurations within the DSG Linear Fresnel technology by modeling hourly performance of the plant in detail. The quasi-steady-state formulation allows users to investigate energy and mass flows, operating temperatures, and pressure drops for geometries and solar field configurations of interest. The model includes tools for heat loss calculation using either empirical polynomial heat loss curves as a function of steam temperature, ambient temperature, and wind velocity, or a detailed evacuated tube receiver heat loss model. Thermal losses are evaluated using a computationally efficient nodal approach, where the solar field and headers are discretized into multiple nodes where heat losses, thermal inertia, steam conditions (including pressure, temperature, enthalpy, etc.) are individually evaluated during each time step of the simulation. This paper discusses the mathematical formulation for the solar field model and describes how the solar field is integrated with the other subsystem models, including the power cycle and optional auxiliary fossil system. Model results are also presented to demonstrate plant behavior in the various operating modes.

Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Efficient heterogeneous execution on large multicore and accelerator platforms: Case study using a block tridiagonal solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The algorithmic and implementation principles are explored in gainfully exploiting GPU accelerators in conjunction with multicore processors on high-end systems with large numbers of compute nodes, and evaluated in an implementation of a scalable block ... Keywords: Accelerator, GPU, Heterogeneous execution, Linear algebra, Memory management, Tridiagonal solver

Alfred J. Park, Kalyan S. Perumalla

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

About Us: Accelerator Operations and Technology, AOT: LANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About AOT Accelerator and Operations Technology AOT Division provides operations and related support for the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), conducting fundamental and applied research and development needed to improve its operations support efforts. AOT's R&D efforts include plasma physics, ion beam generation; accelerator physics; linear-accelerator-structure engineering, design; high-space-charge proton-accumulator/compressor-ring physics; beam-transport-lattice physics, engineering; particle-beam-diagnostics physics, engineering; high- and low-power-radio-frequency-system engineering; high-voltage and -current, pulsed-power engineering; magnet-power-system engineering; mechanical engineering, design (e.g., precision alignment technology);

270

Experiment on a Tunable Dielectric-Loaded Accelerating Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proceedings of IPAC'10, Kyoto, Japan THPD068 03 Linear Colliders, Lepton Accelerators and New Acceleration Techniques A14 Advanced Concepts 4437 is connected to the...

271

WindoWorks: A flexible program for computerized testing of accelerator control system electronic circuit boards  

SciTech Connect

Since most accelerator control system circuit boards reside in a commercial bus architecture, such as CAMAC or VMEbus, a computerized test station is needed for exercising the boards. This test station is needed for the development of newly designed prototypes, for commissioning newly manufactured boards, for diagnosing boards which have failed in service, and for long term testing of boards with intermittent failure problems. WindoWorks was created to address these needs. It is a flexible program which runs on a PC compatible computer and uses a PC to bus crate interface. WindoWorks was designed to give the user a flexible way to test circuit boards. Each test is incapsulated into a window. By bringing up several different windows the user can run several different tests simultaneously. The windows are sizable, and moveable. They have data entry boxes so that the test can be customized to the users preference. The windows can be used in conjunction with each other in order to create supertests. There are several windows which are generic. They can be used to test basic functions on any VME (or CAMAC) board. There are other windows which have been created to test specific boards. New windows for testing specific boards can be easily created by a Pascal programmer using the WindoWorks framework.

Utterback, J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Absolute reactivity calibration of accelerator-driven systems after RACE-T experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The RACE-T experiments that were held in november 2005 in the ENEA-Casaccia research center near Rome allowed us to improve our knowledge of the experimental techniques for absolute reactivity calibration at either startup or shutdown phases of accelerator-driven systems. Various experimental techniques for assessing a subcritical level were inter-compared through three different subcritical configurations SC0, SC2 and SC3, about -0.5, -3 and -6 dollars, respectively. The area-ratio method based of the use of a pulsed neutron source appears as the most performing. When the reactivity estimate is expressed in dollar unit, the uncertainties obtained with the area-ratio method were less than 1% for any subcritical configuration. The sensitivity to measurement location was about slightly more than 1% and always less than 4%. Finally, it is noteworthy that the source jerk technique using a transient caused by the pulsed neutron source shutdown provides results in good agreement with those obtained from the area-ratio technique. (authors)

Jammes, C. C. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA, Centre de Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPEx/LPE, 13108 Saint Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Imel, G. R. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Geslot, B. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA, Centre de Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPEx/LPE, 13108 Saint Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Rosa, R. [Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, L'Energia e l'Ambiente, Centro della Casaccia, Via Anguillarese, 301, 00060 Roma I (Italy)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

On the integrability of stellar motion in an accelerated logarithmic potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An accelerated logarithmic potential models the mean motion of stars in a galaxy that sustains a wind system. For stars outside the galactic wind launching region, the asymmetric removal of linear momentum by the wind is seen as a perturbing acceleration superimposed onto the galactic potential. We provide numerical evidence that motion in an accelerated logarithmic potential is non-integrable. Large scale chaotic diffusion occurs in the outer part of the galaxy inside the truncation radius where the galactic acceleration balances the wind-induced acceleration.

Namouni, Fathi; Lega, Elena

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

PARTICLE ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>A combination of two accelerators, a cyclotron and a ring-shaped accelerator which has a portion disposed tangentially to the cyclotron, is described. Means are provided to transfer particles from the cyclotron to the ring accelerator including a magnetic deflector within the cyclotron, a magnetic shield between the ring accelerator and the cyclotron, and a magnetic inflector within the ring accelerator.

Teng, L.C.

1960-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

275

Can Accelerators Accelerate Learning?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 'Young Talented' education program developed by the Brazilian State Funding Agency (FAPERJ)[1] makes it possible for high-schools students from public high schools to perform activities in scientific laboratories. In the Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), the students are confronted with modern research tools like the 1.7 MV ion accelerator. Being a user-friendly machine, the accelerator is easily manageable by the students, who can perform simple hands-on activities, stimulating interest in physics, and getting the students close to modern laboratory techniques.

Santos, A. C. F.; Fonseca, P.; Coelho, L. F. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972 (Brazil)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

The use of linear systems analysis to identify the residential/utility relationship  

SciTech Connect

There is little doubt that there will be significant changes to future residential electric loads and these changes will have a significant impact on the efficiency with which a utility meets its overall load demand. Changes to the residential load will come about, in part, due to residential growth and increased market penetration of alternate energy sources such as solar space heating. In view of these inevitable changes, it is imperative to develop analytical tools to assess their impact. To date, effective analytical tools include computer simulations and load duration analysis. Computer simulation methods are generally very powerful but require substantial computer, personnel, and financial resources which may put this method of analysis out of the reach of many utilities and systems analysts. In addition, detailed computer simulations have a tendency to obscure insight into the problem. Load duration analysis does provide good insight into the problem, but oftentimes must resort to simulation results if correlations exist between utility load curves and the modified residential curve. One analytical method which has not been exploited to its fullest potential is the use of linear systems analysis to solve this type of problem.

Baer, C.A.; Winn, C.B.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

RSS Fingerprints Based Distributed Semi-Supervised Locally Linear Embedding (DSSLLE) Location Estimation System for Indoor WLAN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important requirement for many novel location based services, is to determine the locations of people, equipment, animals, etc. The accuracy and response time of estimation are critical issues in location estimation system. Most of the location estimation ... Keywords: Dimensional reduction techniques, Distributed systems, Locally linear embedding (LLE), Location aware services, Semi-supervised learning, User location and tracking, Wireless LANs

Vinod Kumar Jain; Shashikala Tapaswi; Anupam Shukla

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Conceptual design of minor actinides burner with an accelerator-driven subcritical system.  

SciTech Connect

In the environmental impact study of the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, the limit of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) for disposal is assessed at 70,000 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM), among which 63,000 MTHM are the projected SNF discharge from U.S. commercial nuclear power plants though 2011. Within the 70,000 MTHM of SNF in storage, approximately 115 tons would be minor actinides (MAs) and 585 tons would be plutonium. This study describes the conceptual design of an accelerator-driven subcritical (ADS) system intended to utilize (burn) the 115 tons of MAs. The ADS system consists of a subcritical fission blanket where the MAs fuel will be burned, a spallation neutron source to drive the fission blanket, and a radiation shield to reduce the radiation dose to an acceptable level. The spallation neutrons are generated from the interaction of a 1 GeV proton beam with a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) or liquid lead target. In this concept, the fission blanket consists of a liquid mobile fuel and the fuel carrier can be LBE, liquid lead, or molten salt. The actinide fuel materials are dissolved, mixed, or suspended in the liquid fuel carrier. Therefore, fresh fuel can be fed into the fission blanket to adjust its reactivity and to control system power during operation. Monte Carlo analyses were performed to determine the overall parameters of an ADS system utilizing LBE as an example. Steady-state Monte Carlo simulations were studied for three fission blanket configurations that are similar except that the loaded amount of actinide fuel in the LBE is either 5, 7, or 10% of the total volume of the blanket, respectively. The neutron multiplication factor values of the three configurations are all approximately 0.98 and the MA initial inventories are each approximately 10 tons. Monte Carlo burnup simulations using the MCB5 code were performed to analyze the performance of the three conceptual ADS systems. Preliminary burnup analysis shows that all three conceptual ADS systems consume about 1.2 tons of actinides per year and produce 3 GW thermal power, with a proton beam power of 25 MW. Total MA fuel that would be consumed in the first 10 years of operation is 9.85, 11.80, or 12.68 tons, respectively, for the systems with 5, 7, or 10% actinide fuel particles loaded in the LBE. The corresponding annual MA fuel transmutation rate after reaching equilibrium at 10 years of operation is 0.83, 0.94, or 1.02 tons/year, respectively. Assuming that the ADS systems can be operated for 35 full-power years, the total MAs consumed in the three ADS systems are 30.6, 35.3, and 37.2 tons, respectively. For the three configurations, it is estimated that 3.8, 3.3, or 3.1 ADS system units are required to utilize the entire 115 tons of MA fuel in the SNF inventory, respectively.

Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

279

PARTICLE ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fixed-field alternating gradient accelerator for simultaneous acceleration of two particle beams in opposite directions is described. (T.R.H.)

Ohkawa, T.

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Finding all solutions of separable systems of piecewise-linear equations using integer programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding all solutions of nonlinear or piecewise-linear equations is an important problem which is widely encountered in science and engineering. Various algorithms have been proposed for this problem. However, the implementation of these algorithms are ... Keywords: 65H10, 65H20, 65K05, Finding all solutions, Integer programming, Piecewise-linear equations

Kiyotaka Yamamura; Naoya Tamura

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High-power accelerator technology and requirements  

SciTech Connect

Designs of high-power proton linear accelerators (linacs) for accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) are being actively studied at Los Alamos National Laboratory and at several other laboratories worldwide. Beam parameters cover the 100- to 300-mA range in average current and 800 to 1600 MeV in energy. While ideas for such accelerators have been discussed for decades, the technology base has recently advanced to the point that the feasibility of machines in the ATW power class is now generally conceded. Factors contributing to this advance have been the following: experience gained with medium-power research accelerators, especially the LAMPF linac at Los Alamos; major improvements in the theory and technology of high-intensity high-brightness accelerators fostered by the SDIO Neutral Particle Beam program; and development of high-power continuous-wave (cw) radio-frequency (rf) generators for high-energy colliding-beam rings. The reference ATW accelerator concept described in this paper is based on room-temperature copper accelerating cavities. Advances in superconducting niobium cavity technology have opened the possibility of application to ATW-type linacs. Useful efficiency gains could be realized, especially for lower current systems, and there may be technical advantages as well. Technology issues that need to be addressed for superconducting rf linac designs include the development of high-power rf couplers, appropriate cavity designs, and superconducting focusing elements, as well as concerns about beam damage of niobium structures and dynamic rf control with high beam currents.

Lawrence, G.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Steady-State Solutions in Nonlinear Diffusive Shock Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary solutions to the equations of non-linear diffusive shock acceleration play a fundamental role in the theory of cosmic-ray acceleration. Their existence usually requires that a fraction of the accelerated particles be allowed to escape from the system. Because the scattering mean-free-path is thought to be an increasing function of energy, this condition is conventionally implemented as an upper cut-off in energy space -- particles are then permitted to escape from any part of the system, once their energy exceeds this limit. However, because accelerated particles are responsible for substantial amplification of the ambient magnetic field in a region upstream of the shock front, we examine an alternative approach in which particles escape over a spatial boundary. We use a simple iterative scheme that constructs stationary numerical solutions to the coupled kinetic and hydrodynamic equations. For parameters appropriate for supernova remnants, we find stationary solutions with efficient acceleration w...

Reville, B; Duffy, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

On the Use of a Wider Class of Linear Systems for the Design of Constant-Coefficients Semi-Implicit Time Schemes in NWP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linearization of the meteorological equations around a specified reference state, usually applied in NWP to define the linear system of constant-coefficients semi-implicit schemes, is outlined as an unnecessarily restrictive approach that may ...

P. Bénard

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Modeling Investigation on a Deflecting-Accelerating Composite RF-cavity System for Phase Space Beam Control  

SciTech Connect

Phase space manipulations between the longitudinal and transverse degrees of freedom hold great promise toward the precise control of electron beams. Transverse-to-longitudinal phase space exchange has been shown to be capable of exchanging the transverse and horizontal emittance or controlling the charge distribution of an electron bunch for beam-driven advanced accelerator methods. The main limitation on the performance of this exchange mechanism stems from the external coupling nature of a realistic deflecting cavity, compared to a thin-lens model. As an extended idea from [A. Zholents, PAC11], this paper presents the design of a composite 3.9-GHz RF system consisting of a deflecting and accelerating-mode cavity. The system design analysis is discussed with particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of the device performance.

Church, M.D.; /Fermilab; Piot, P.; /Fermilab; Shin, Y.-M.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Accelerated Site Technology Deployment Program/Segmented Gate System Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is working to accelerate the acceptance and application of innovative technologies that improve the way the nation manages its environmental remediation problems. The DOE Office of Science and Technology established the Accelerated Site Technology Deployment Program (ASTD) to help accelerate the acceptance and implementation of new and innovative soil and ground water remediation technologies. Coordinated by the Department of Energy's Idaho Office, the ASTD Program reduces many of the classic barriers to the deployment of new technologies by involving government, industry, and regulatory agencies in the assessment, implementation, and validation of innovative technologies. Funding is provided through the ASTD Program to assist participating site managers in implementing innovative technologies. The program provides technical assistance to the participating DOE sites by coordinating DOE, industry, and regulatory participation in each project; providing finds for optimizing full-scale operating parameters; coordinating technology performance monitoring; and by developing cost and performance reports on the technology applications.

PATTESON,RAYMOND

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

286

Research Accelerator Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones The Research Accelerator Division is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

287

Research Accelerator Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones. The Research Accelerator Division (RAD) is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

288

Program on Technology Innovation: Mitigation of Flow-Accelerated Corrosion by Titanium Injection in PWR Secondary Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a study to determine the potential of titanium-containing compounds for mitigating the flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel piping in the feedwater train of PWRs. Currently, plants of all types are investigating methods to reduce the severity of FAC in vulnerable systems. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been a promising additive under Canadian deuterium/uranium (CANDU) primary conditions, and Ti has been used routinely to mitigate localized corrosion in steam...

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

Development of an In Situ System for Monitoring or Indicating Flow-Accelerated Corrosion in Fossil Plant Feedwater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides the results of the development of an in situ system for monitoring or indicating flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) in fossil plant feedwater. The main goals of this program were to develop and test a probe, formulate a model based on the existing understanding and proven mechanisms for extrapolating measurements to actual piping, and evaluate the effectiveness of a probe to be designed for a side stream in a working plant.Operation of the experimental test loop under ...

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

290

Acceleration Mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glossary I. Background and context of the subject II. Stochastic acceleration III. Resonant scattering IV. Diffusive shock acceleration V. DSA at multiple shocks VI. Applications of DSA VII. Acceleration by parallel electric fields VIII. Other acceleration mechanisms IX. Future directions X. Appendix: Quasilinear equations XI. Bibliography

Melrose, D B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

On the integrability of stellar motion in an accelerated logarithmic potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An accelerated logarithmic potential models the mean motion of stars in a flat rotation curve galaxy that sustains a wind system. For stars outside the galactic wind launching region, the asymmetric removal of linear momentum by the wind is seen as a perturbing acceleration superimposed onto the galactic potential. We study the integrability of stellar motion in an accelerated logarithmic potential. We use surfaces of section of the dynamical system to probe the integrability of motion. We provide numerical evidence that motion in an accelerated logarithmic potential is non-integrable. Large scale chaotic diffusion occurs for lower values of the projected angular momentum along the direction of acceleration and persists at all values of the angular momentum in the outer part of the galaxy inside the truncation radius where the galactic acceleration balances the wind-induced acceleration.

Fathi Namouni; Massimiliano Guzzo; Elena Lega

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

292

Inclusion of Linearized Moist Physics in NASA’s Goddard Earth Observing System Data Assimilation Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inclusion of moist physics in the linearized version of a weather forecast model is beneficial in terms of variational data assimilation. Further it improves the capability of important tools, such as adjoint based observation impacts and ...

Daniel Holdaway; Ronald Errico; Ronald Gelaro; Jong G. Kim

293

Diamond as a solid state quantum computer with a linear chain of nuclear spins system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By removing a $^{12}C$ atom from the tetrahedral configuration of the diamond, replace it by a $^{13}C$ atom, and repeating this in a linear direction, it is possible to have a linear chain of nuclear spins one half and to build a solid state quantum computer. One qubit rotation and controlled-not (CNOT) quantum gates are obtained immediately from this configuration, and CNOT quantum gate is used to determined the design parameters of this quantum computer.

G. V. López

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

294

Linear collider: a preview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since no linear colliders have been built yet it is difficult to know at what energy the linear cost scaling of linear colliders drops below the quadratic scaling of storage rings. There is, however, no doubt that a linear collider facility for a center of mass energy above say 500 GeV is significantly cheaper than an equivalent storage ring. In order to make the linear collider principle feasible at very high energies a number of problems have to be solved. There are two kinds of problems: one which is related to the feasibility of the principle and the other kind of problems is associated with minimizing the cost of constructing and operating such a facility. This lecture series describes the problems and possible solutions. Since the real test of a principle requires the construction of a prototype I will in the last chapter describe the SLC project at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Wiedemann, H.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Antiproton acceleration in the Fermilab Main Injector using 2.5 MHz (H=28) and 53 MHz (H=588) rf systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Run II era at Fermilab, the Recycler stores antiprotons at 8 GeV and the Main Injector accelerates the antiprotons and the protons from 8 GeV to 150 GeV for Tevatron injection. The Recycler injects antiprotons to the Main Injector in 2.5 MHz rf buckets. This report presents an acceleration scheme for the antiprotons that involves a slow ramp with initial 2.5 MHz acceleration and subsequent fast acceleration with 53 MHz rf system. Beam acceleration and rf manipulation with space charge and beam loading effects are simulated using the longitudinal simulation code ESME. Simulation suggests that one can expect about 15% emittance growth for the entire acceleration cycle with beam loading compensations. Preliminary experimental results with proton beam will also be presented.

Vincent Wu et al.

2003-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

296

The design of MA48: a code for the direct solution of sparse unsymmetric linear systems of equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the design of a new code for the direct solution of sparse unsymmetric linear systems of equations. The new code utilizes a novel restructuring of the symbolic and numerical phases, which increases speed and saves storage without sacrifice ... Keywords: BLAS, Gaussian elimination, block triangular form, error estimation, sparse unsymmetric matrices

I. S. Duff; J. K. Reid

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

An approach to iterative learning control for spatio-temporal dynamics using nD discrete linear systems models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iterative Learning Control (ILC) is now well established in terms of both the underlying theory and experimental application. This approach is specifically targeted at cases where the same operation is repeated over a finite duration with resetting between ... Keywords: Explicit discretization, Iterative learning control, PDEs, nD linear systems

B?a?ej Cichy; Krzysztof Ga?kowski; Eric Rogers; Anton Kummert

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Linear modeling and simulation of low-voltage electric system for single-point vulnerability assessment of military installation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the formulation and development of a linear model to support the single-point vulnerability assessment of electric distribution systems at existing and future U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) military sites. The model uses flow sensitivity ...

Edgar C. Portante; Thomas N. Taxon; James A. Kavicky; Tarek Abdallah; Timothy K. Perkins

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 19, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2004 1903 Analysis and Implementation of Model-Based Linear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and dynamic symmetrical components in energy processing systems. The procedure is based on the Kalman filter and experimental re- sults on model-based linear estimation of dynamic phasors and dy- namic symmetrical components a Kalman filter is used to detect problems in energy supply to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

300

A multiprogramming system for process control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an operational small computer multiprogramming system developed for the control of the Stanford Two Mile Linear Accelerator (SLAC). The system has many features of larger systems such as dynamic memory allocation and interprocess ...

Sam Howry

1972-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Subcritical Fission Reactor Based on Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beams of Linear Collider after main collision can be utilized to build an accelerator--driven sub--critical reactor.

I. F. Ginzburg

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

302

The NREL Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System and Photovoltaic Module Exposure Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System (OATS) and interim results for the first OATS study on photovoltaic (PV) modules. With two test planes measuring 1.52 x 1.83 m, OATS provides a unique solar-concentrating exposure capability. Test sample temperatures are moderated by air blowers. Water spray capability exists for wetting samples. The OATS two-axis tracker points to the sun using software calculations. Non-imaging aluminum reflectors give a nominal clear-sky optical concentration ratio of three. Field-qualification measurements in the test plane under reflector conditions showed its relative irradiance non-uniformity was '' 15% for a clear-sky summer day with '' 75 mm as the smallest distance for that non-uniformity. Exposure studies began in November 1997 on seven pairs of commercially available ribbon silicon, crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon PV modules kept at constant resistive load. The modules were periodically removed from OATS for visual inspection and solar simulator performance measurements. There were no module failures. This PV module study is ongoing and later results will be compared to other testing techniques. Through July 1998, the modules under reflector conditions received 392 MJ/m2 of total ultraviolet (TUV) exposure. That was 2.07 times the TUV exposure compared to a south-facing fixed array tilted 40{sup o} up from horizontal at NREL. Similarly, the modules in the test plane under the covered reflectors received 1.04 times the fixed array TUV exposure. For the test plane under the covered reflectors there was a loss of 13% TUV exposure attributed to the reflectors blocking some of the diffuse-sky UV light. Also through July 1998, the OATS sunlight availability measured 95% compared to the cumulative global normal exposure at the NREL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL). The OATS sunlight availability losses included downtime when the PV modules were removed, and when there were OAT S tracking problems, maintenance, and repair. For December 1997 through July 1998, the SRRL cumulative exposure was 99% compared to the respective monthly averages from years 1961 through 1990 at Boulder, Colorado.

Basso, T. S.

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

303

SNEAP 80: symposium of Northeastern Accelerator personnel  

SciTech Connect

Reports of operations are presented for twenty-seven facilities, along with reports on accelerators in progress, ion sources, insulating gases, charging systems, stripping foils, accelerating tubes, and upgraded accelerator systems. (GHT)

Billen, J.H. (ed.) ed.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes LCC - 0018, 15/06/99 Rev B, June 2002 Correct Account of RF Deflections in Linac Acceleration June 15, 1999 G.V. Stupakov Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, California Abstract: During acceleration in the linac structure, the beam not only increases its longitudinal momentum, but also experiences a transverse kick from the accelerating mode which is linear in accelerating gradient. This effect is neglected in such computer codes as LIAR and TRANSPORT. We derived the Hamiltonian equations that describe the effect of RF deflection into the acceleration process and included it into the computational engine of LIAR. By comparing orbits for the NLC main linac, we found that the difference between the two algorithms is about 10\%. The effect will be more pronounced at smaller

305

Panel discussion on laboratory accelerator programs: present and future  

SciTech Connect

The present SLAC accelerator program is summarized briefly, and the future of electron-positron colliders is discussed. Present activities discussed include the PEP storage ring, the SPEAR storage ring, the Linear Accelerator, and the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) project. Future prospects include a larger scale linear collider. The stability requirements on acceleration are briefly discussed. (LEW)

Richter, B.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The systems edge of the Parameterized Linear Array with a Reconfigurable Pipelined Bus System (LARPBS(p)) optical bus parallel computing model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is about exploring the various systems related aspects pertinent in the recent Parameterized Linear Array with a Reconfigurable Pipelined Bus System (LARPBS(p)) model. The two principal features of the LARPBS(p) model is, firstly, its bridging ... Keywords: Optical bus, Parallel computing model

Brian J. D'Auriol

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

CCSI and the role of advanced computing in accelerating the commercial deployment of carbon capture systems  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative is developing state-of-the-art computational modeling and simulation tools to accelerate the commercialization of carbon capture technology. The CCSI Toolset consists of an integrated multi-scale modeling and simulation framework, which includes extensive use of reduced order models (ROMs) and a comprehensive uncertainty quantification (UQ) methodology. This paper focuses on the interrelation among high performance computing, detailed device simulations, ROMs for scale-bridging, UQ and the integration framework.

Miller, D.; Agarwal, D.; Sun, X.; Tong, C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

ORELA accelerator facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator Pulsed Neutron Source The ORELA is a powerful electron accelerator-based neutron source located in the Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It produces intense, nanosecond bursts of neutrons, each burst containing neutrons with energies from 10e-03 to 10e08 eV. ORELA is operated about 1200 hours per year and is an ORNL User Facility open to university, national laboratory and industrial scientists. The mission of ORELA has changed from a recent focus on applied research to nuclear astrophysics. This is an area in which ORELA has historically been very productive: most of the measurements of neutron capture cross sections necessary for understanding heavy element nucleosynthesis through the slow neutron capture process (s-process) have

309

ACCELERATED LINEARIZED BREGMAN METHOD June 21, 2011 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 21, 2011... 10-16571, ONR. Grants N00014-03-0514 and N00014-08-1-1118, and DOE Grants DE-FG01-92ER-25126 and DE-FG02-08ER-25856. 1 ...

310

Issues in the design of switched linear control systems: A benchmark study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the paper presents a wind turbine regulation problem. This problem is can be solved using a switched linear is the control of large-scale grid-connected variable- speed pitch-regulated wind turbines. The wind turbine by a single wind speed constant over the rotor disk, the effective wind speed. It should be noted

Duffy, Ken

311

SuperLU_DIST: A scalable distributed-memory sparse direct solver for unsymmetric linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the main algorithmic features in the software package SuperLU_DIST, a distributed-memory sparse direct solver for large sets of linear equations. We give in detail our parallelization strategies, with a focus on scalability issues, and demonstrate ... Keywords: Sparse direct solver, distributed-memory computers, parallelism, scalability, supernodal factorization

Xiaoye S. Li; James W. Demmel

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Damped response analysis of nonlinear cushion systems by a linearization method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic loading often plays a critical role in the functional performance and mechanical reliability of packaged components and devices. The prediction of the drop-impact response of the structural element of electronic components becomes one of the ... Keywords: Cushion buffer, Dynamic loading, Local linearization method, Nonlinear analysis, Packaged products, Viscous damping model

Yuqi Wang; K. H. Low

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Accelerator and Beam Science, ABS, Accelerator Operations and Technology,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Concepts Accelerator Concepts Injectors Operations Physics CONTACTS Group Leader Robert Garnett Deputy Group Leader Kenneth Johnson Office Administrator Monica Sanchez Phone: (505) 667-2846 Put a short description of the graphic or its primary message here Accelerator and Beam Science The Accelerator and Beam Science (AOT-ABS) Group at Los Alamos addresses physics aspects of the driver accelerator for the LANSCE spallation neutron source and related topics. These activities are wide ranging and include generating negative and positive ions in plasma ion sources, creating ion beams from these particles, accelerating the ion beams in linear accelerator structures up to an energy of 800 MeV, compressing the negative hydrogen beam to packets of sub-microsecond duration and accumulating beam current in the Proton Storage Ring, and

314

BNL | Accelerator Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Test Facility Accelerator Test Facility Home Core Capabilities Photoinjector S-Band Linac Laser Systems CO2 Laser Nd:Yag Laser Beamlines Beamline Simulation Data Beamline Parameters Beam Diagnostics Detectors Beam Schedule Operations Resources Fact Sheet (.pdf) Image Library Upgrade Proposal (.pdf) Publications ES&H Experiment Start-up ATF Handbook Laser Safety Collider-Accelerator Dept. C-AD ES&H Resources Staff Users' Place Apply for Access ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo A user facility for advanced accelerator research The Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) is a proposal driven, steering committee reviewed facility that provides users with high-brightness electron- and laser-beams. The ATF pioneered the concept of a user facility for studying complex properties of modern accelerators and

315

Applications of large-scale computation to particle accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth in the power of large-scale computers has had a revolutionary effect on the study of charged-particle accelerators that is similar to the impact of smaller computers on everyday life. Before an accelerator is built, it is now the absolute rule to simulate every component and subsystem by computer to establish modes of operation and tolerances. We will bypass the important and fruitful areas of control and operation, and consider only application to design and diagnostic interpretation. Applications of computers can be divided into separate categories including: component design, system design, stability studies, cost optimization, and operating condition simulation. For the purposes of this report, we will choose a few examples from the above categories to illustrate the methods used, and discuss the significance of the work to the project. We also briefly discuss the accelerator project itself. The examples that will be discussed are: The design of accelerator structures for electron-positron linear colliders and circular colliding beam systems, simulation of the wake fields from multibunch electron beams for linear colliders. Particle-in-cell simulation of space-charge dominated beams for an experimental linear induction accelerator for Heavy Ion Fusion.

Herrmannsfeldt, W.B.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Site Tour - Accelerator Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Science Education Jefferson Lab Jefferson Lab Home Search Jefferson Lab Contact Jefferson Lab Science Education Home Teacher Resources Student Zone Games and Puzzles Science Cinema Programs and Events Search Education Privacy and Security Notice Jefferson Lab Site Tour Guided Tour Site Map Accelerator Area Map Administrative Area Map Tour Index

317

Development of a Rating System for a Comparative Accelerated Test Standard (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation discusses methods of developing and structuring a useful rating system and communicating the results.

Kurtz, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Neutronics-processing interface analyses for the Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) aqueous-based blanket system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutronics-processing interface parameters have large impacts on the neutron economy and transmutation performance of an aqueous-based Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) system. A detailed assessment of the interdependence of these blanket neutronic and chemical processing parameters has been performed. Neutronic performance analyses require that neutron transport calculations for the ATW blanket systems be fully coupled with the blanket processing and include all neutron absorptions in candidate waste nuclides as well as in fission and transmutation products. The effects of processing rates, flux levels, flux spectra, and external-to-blanket inventories on blanket neutronic performance were determined. In addition, the inventories and isotopics in the various subsystems were also calculated for various actinide and long-lived fission product transmutation strategies.

Davidson, J.W.; Battat, M.E.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture for Minimizing Communication Latency among Accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have been widely used in high performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication among accelerators requires several memory copies via CPU memory, and the communication ... Keywords: GPGPU, Accelerator Computing, Interconnection Network, PCI Express, Remote DMA, CUDA, GPU Direct

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Accelerator Need  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Need for Large Accelerators An Article Written Originally for Midlevel Teachers Back In order to study small particles, a high energy beam of particles must be generated. The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-70  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70 70 August 2001 Design Studies of Positron Collection for the NLC Yuri K. Batygin, Ninod K. Bharadwaj, David C. Schultz ,John C. Sheppard Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA Abstract: The positron source for the NLC project utilizes a 6.2 GeV electron beam interacting in a high-Z positron production target. The electromagnetic shower in the target results in large energy deposition which can cause damage to the target. Optimization of the collection system is required to insure long-term operation of the target with needed high positron yield into the 6-dimensional acceptance of the subsequent pre-damping ring. Positron tracking through the accelerating system indicates a dilution of the initial positron phase space density. Results of simulations indicate that a

322

Preliminary investigation of actinide and xenon reactivity effects in accelerator transmutation of waste high-flux systems  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of an unstable positive reactivity growth in an accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW)-type high-flux system is investigated. While it has always been clear that xenon is an important actor in the reactivity response of a system to flux changes, it has been suggested that in very high thermal flux transuranic burning systems, a positive, unstable reactivity growth could be caused by the actinides alone. Initial system reactivity response to flux changes caused by the actinides and xenon are investigated separately. The maximum change in reactivity after a flux change caused by the effect of the changing quantities of actinides is generally at least two orders of magnitude smaller than either the positive or negative reactivity effect associated with xenon after a shutdown or startup. In any transient flux event, the reactivity response of the system to xenon will generally occlude the response caused by the actinides. The capabilities and applications of both the current actinide model and the xenon model are discussed. Finally, the need for a complete dynamic model for the high-flux fluid-fueled ATW system is addressed.

Olson, K.R.; Henderson, D.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics; Woosley, M.L. Jr. [Univ. of virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering; Sailor, W.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Fast Accelerator Driven Subcritical System for Energy Production Using Burned Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fusion-Fission Hybrids and Transmutation / Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems

Graiciany de Paula Barros; Claubia Pereira; Maria A. F. Veloso; Renan Cunha; Antonella L. Costa

324

Canonical quantization of a dissipative system interacting with an anisotropic non-linear absorbing environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A canonical quantization scheme is represented for a quantum system interacting with a nonlinear absorbing environment. The environment is taken anisotropic and the main system is coupled to its environment through some coupling tensors of various ranks. The nonlinear response equation of the environment against the motion of the main system is obtained. The nonlinear Langevin-schr\\"{o}dinger equation is concluded as the macroscopic equation of motion of the dissipative system. The effect of nonlinearity of the environment is investigated on the spontaneous emission of an initially excited two level-atom imbedded in such an environmrnt.

M. Amooshahi; E. Amooghorban

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

325

System for Nuclear Waste Transmutation Driven by Target-Distributed Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A design concept and characteristics for an epithermal breeder controlled by variable feedback and external neutron source intensity are presented. By replacing the control rods with neutron sources, we could improve safety and perform radioactive waste burning in high flux subcritical reactors (HFSR). To increase neutron source intensity the HFSR is divided into two zones: a booster and a blanket operating with solid and liquid fuels. Use of a liquid actinide fuel permits transport of the delayed-neutron emitters from the blanket to the booster where they can provide additional neutrons or all the necessary excitation. With blanket and booster multiplication factors of k=0.95 and 0.98, respectively, an external photoneutron source rate of at least 10.sup.15 n/s (electron beam power 2.5MW) is needed to control the HFSR that produces 300MWt. An inexpensive method of obtaining large neutron fluxes is target-distributed accelerators (TDA), in which a fission electrical cell (FEC) compensates for lost beam energy...

Blanovsky, A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A High Precision Double Tubed Hydrostatic Leveling System for Accelerator Alignment Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1998 several hydrostatic leveling systems (HLS) have been installed in different locations at Fermilab. This work was in collaboration with Budker Institute and SLAC. All systems were either half-filled pipe (HF) or full-filled pipe (FF). Issues assembling HLS are covered in this article. An improved and cost-effective water system with temperature stabilized of water media is presented. This proposal is a double-tube full-filled DT-FF system. Examples of hardware configurations are included for systems located at Fermilab.

Singatulin, Shavkat; Volk, J.; Shiltsev, V.; /Fermilab; Chupyra, A.; Medvedko, A.; Kondaurov, M.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

TESLA Report 2003-08 Cavity control system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA Report 2003-08 Cavity control system essential modeling for TESLA linear accelerator Tomasz of Technology, Poland Stefan Simrock DESY, TESLA, Hamburg, Germany ABSTRACT The pioneering TESLA linear are proposed. Keywords: TESLA, free electron laser, accelerator, high power microwave cavity, vector and phasor

328

A parameter estimation approach for non-linear systems biology models using spline approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mathematical models for revealing the dynamics and interactions properties of biological systems play an important role in computational systems biology. The inference of model parameter values from time-course data can be considered as a "reverse engineering" ... Keywords: nonlinear programming, parameter estimation, spline

Choujun Zhan; Lam Fat Yeung

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Accelerating PV Cost Effectiveness Through Systems Design, Engineering, and Quality Assurance: Final Subcontract Report, June 2007  

SciTech Connect

This report describes PowerLight Corporation's significant progress toward the reduction of installed costs for commercial-scale, rooftop PV systems.

Botkin, J.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Accelerating PV Cost Effectiveness Through Systems Design, Engineering, and Quality Assurance: Final Subcontract Report, June 2007  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes PowerLight Corporation's significant progress toward the reduction of installed costs for commercial-scale, rooftop PV systems.

Botkin, J.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A mixed-integer linear optimization model for local energy system planning based on simplex and branch-and-bound algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Mixed-integer linear optimization model is developed to support the decision making for the sustainable use of energy in the local area. It details exploitation of primary energy sources, electrical and thermal generation, enduse sectors and emissions. ... Keywords: branch-and-bound algorithm, local energy system, low-carbon society, mixed-integer linear optimization, simplex algorithm

Hongbo Ren; Weisheng Zhou; Weijun Gao; Qiong Wu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Shape control of conditional output probability density functions for linear stochastic systems with random parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a controller design for shaping conditional output probability density functions (pdf) for non-Gaussian dynamic stochastic systems whose coefficients are random and represented by their known pdfs. The moment-generating ...

Aiping Wang; Yongji Wang; Hong Wang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Study of Linear Equivalent Circuits of Electromechanical Systems for Turbine Generator Units.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis utilizes the analogy in dynamic equations between a mechanical and an electrical system to convert the steam-turbine, micro-turbine, wind-turbine and hydro-turbine generator mechanical… (more)

Tsai, Chia-Chun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Gregorian optical system with non-linear optical technology for protection against intense optical transients  

SciTech Connect

An optical system comprising a concave primary mirror reflects light through an intermediate focus to a secondary mirror. The secondary mirror re-focuses the image to a final image plane. Optical limiter material is placed near the intermediate focus to optically limit the intensity of light so that downstream components of the optical system are protected from intense optical transients. Additional lenses before and/or after the intermediate focus correct optical aberrations.

Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Diels, Jean-Claude M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Organization The Argonne Accelerator Institute is a matrixed organization. Its members and fellows reside in programmatic Argonne divisions. The Institute reports to the Associate Laboratory Director for Photon Science), and the administrative functions of the Institute are within the PSC directorate. Director: Rodney Gerig Associate Director: Hendrik Weerts ( Director of High Energy Physics Division) Associate Director: Sasha Zholents (Director of Accelerator Systems Division) Associate Director: Robert Janssens ( Director of Argonne Physics Division)

336

Linearity and CNR Improvement Technologies against Optical Reflection inFiber-Oriented Wireless Access Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to consider optical reflection conditions when designing fiber-oriented wireless access systems around subcarrier optical transmission since the noise characteristic can be significantly degraded by optical reflection, especially ... Keywords: intensity noise, optical reflection, predistorter, subcarrier optical transmission, superimposed subcarrier modulation, superluminescent diode

Yuji Aburakawa; Hiroyuki Ohtsuka

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerators and Society  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators and Society PHOTO: An accelerator at SLAC. SLAC has been developing, running and studying the basic physics of particle accelerators for half a century. Thousands of...

338

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerator Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

physics. Today, the Accelerator Directorate operates and maintains SLAC's existing accelerators to provide the highest possible level of performance. Accelerator employees improve...

339

A linear discrete dynamic system model for temporal gene interaction and regulatory network influence in response to bioethanol conversion inhibitor HMF for ethanologenic yeast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear discrete dynamic system model is constructed to represent the temporal interactions among significantly expressed genes in response to bioethanol conversion inhibitor 5-hydroxymethylfurfural for ethanologenic yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ...

Mingzhou Joe Song; Z. Lewis Liu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ambient Conditions Associated with the Maintenance and Decay of Quasi-Linear Convective Systems Crossing the Northeastern U.S. Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quasi-linear convective systems (QLCSs) crossing the Atlantic coastline over the northeastern United States were classified into three categories based on their evolution upon encountering the coast. Composite analyses show that convective lines ...

Kelly A. Lombardo; Brian A. Colle

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Breakdown of the linear approximation in the perturbative analysis of heat conduction in relativistic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the effects of thermal conduction in a relativistic fluid just after its departure from spherical symmetry, on a time scale of the order of relaxation time. Using first order perturbation theory, it is shown that, as in spherical systems, at a critical point the effective inertial mass density of a fluid element vanishes and becomes negative beyond that point. The impact of this effect on the reliability of causality conditions is discussed.

L. Herrera; A. Di Prisco; J. Martinez

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

342

Toward simulation-time data analysis and I/O acceleration on leadership-class systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

infrastructure on the systems at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF). We use the 40-rack Intrepid applications in the ALCF environment, we set up a temporary PVFS2 storage cluster on Eureka and mounted by a U.S. Department of Energy INCITE award and an ALCF Director's Discretionary Allocation. #12

343

Muon Acceleration in Cosmic-ray Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many models of ultra-high energy cosmic-ray production involve acceleration in linear accelerators located in Gamma-Ray Bursts magnetars, or other sources. These source models require very high accelerating gradients, $10^{13}$ keV/cm, with the minimum gradient set by the length of the source. At gradients above 1.6 keV/cm, muons produced by hadronic interactions undergo significant acceleration before they decay. This acceleration hardens the neutrino energy spectrum and greatly increases the high-energy neutrino flux. We rule out many models of linear acceleration, setting strong constraints on plasma wakefield accelerators and on models for sources like Gamma Ray Bursts and magnetars.

Spencer R. Klein; Rune Mikkelsen; Julia K. Becker Tjus

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Can the Chameleon mechanism explain cosmic acceleration while satisfying Solar System constraints ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chameleon mechanism appearing in massive tensor-scalar theory of gravity can effectively reduce the nonminimal coupling between the scalar field and matter. This mechanism is invoked to reconcile cosmological data requiring introduction of Dark Energy with small-scale stringent constraints on General Relativity. In this communication, we present constraints on this mechanism obtained by a cosmological analysis (based on Supernovae Ia data) and by a Solar System analysis (based on PPN formalism).

A. Hees; A. Füzfa

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Vibrational measurement for commissioning SRF Accelerator Test Facility at Fermilab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commissioning of two cryomodule components is underway at Fermilab's Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) Accelerator Test Facility. The research at this facility supports the next generation high intensity linear accelerators such as the International Linear Collider (ILC), a new high intensity injector (Project X) and other future machines. These components, Cryomodule No.1 (CM1) and Capture Cavity II (CC2), which contain 1.3 GHz cavities are connected in series in the beamline and through cryogenic plumbing. Studies regarding characterization of ground motion, technical and cultural noise continue. Mechanical transfer functions between the foundation and critical beamline components have been measured and overall system displacement characterized. Baseline motion measurements given initial operation of cryogenic, vacuum systems and other utilities are considered.

McGee, M.W.; Leibfritz, J.; Martinez, A.; Pischalnikov, Y.; Schappert, W.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A scalable messaging system for accelerating discovery from large scale scientific simulations  

SciTech Connect

Emerging scientific and engineering simulations running at scale on leadership-class High End Computing (HEC) environments are producing large volumes of data, which has to be transported and analyzed before any insights can result from these simulations. The complexity and cost (in terms of time and energy) associated with managing and analyzing this data have become significant challenges, and are limiting the impact of these simulations. Recently, data-staging approaches along with in-situ and in-transit analytics have been proposed to address these challenges by offloading I/O and/or moving data processing closer to the data. However, scientists continue to be overwhelmed by the large data volumes and data rates. In this paper we address this latter challenge. Specifically, we propose a highly scalable and low-overhead associative messaging framework that runs on the data staging resources within the HEC platform, and builds on the staging-based online in-situ/in- transit analytics to provide publish/subscribe/notification-type messaging patterns to the scientist. Rather than having to ingest and inspect the data volumes, this messaging system allows scientists to (1) dynamically subscribe to data events of interest, e.g., simple data values or a complex function or simple reduction (max()/min()/avg()) of the data values in a certain region of the application domain is greater/less than a threshold value, or certain spatial/temporal data features or data patterns are detected; (2) define customized in-situ/in-transit actions that are triggered based on the events, such as data visualization or transformation; and (3) get notified when these events occur. The key contribution of this paper is a design and implementation that can support such a messaging abstraction at scale on high- end computing (HEC) systems with minimal overheads. We have implemented and deployed the messaging system on the Jaguar Cray XK6 machines at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Lonestar system at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), and we present the experimental performance evaluation using these HEC platforms in the paper.

Jin, Tong [Rutgers University; Zhang, Fan [Rutgers University; Parashar, Manish [Rutgers University; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL; Podhorszki, Norbert [ORNL; Abbasi, Hasan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Indirectly sensing accelerator beam currents for limiting maximum beam current magnitude  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A beam current limiter is disclosed for sensing and limiting the beam current in a particle accelerator, such as a cyclotron or linear accelerator, used in scientific research and medical treatment. A pair of independently operable capacitive electrodes sense the passage of charged particle bunches to develop an RF signal indicative of the beam current magnitude produced at the output of a bunched beam accelerator. The RF signal produced by each sensing electrode is converted to a variable DC voltage indicative of the beam current magnitude. The variable DC voltages thus developed are compared to each other to verify proper system function and are further compared to known references to detect beam currents in excess of pre-established limits. In the event of a system malfunction, or if the detected beam current exceeds pre-established limits, the beam current limiter automatically inhibits further accelerator operation. A high Q tank circuit associated with each sensing electrode provides a narrow system bandwidth to reduce noise and enhance dynamic range. System linearity is provided by injecting, into each sensing electrode, an RF signal that is offset from the bunching frequency by a pre-determined beat frequency to ensure that subsequent rectifying diodes operate in a linear response region. The system thus provides a large dynamic range in combination with good linearity. 6 figs.

Bogaty, J.M.; Clifft, B.E.; Bollinger, L.M.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

348

Indirectly sensing accelerator beam currents for limiting maximum beam current magnitude  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A beam current limiter for sensing and limiting the beam current in a particle accelerator, such as a cyclotron or linear accelerator, used in scientific research and medical treatment. A pair of independently operable capacitive electrodes sense the passage of charged particle bunches to develop an RF signal indicative of the beam current magnitude produced at the output of a bunched beam accelerator. The RF signal produced by each sensing electrode is converted to a variable DC voltage indicative of the beam current magnitude. The variable DC voltages thus developed are compared to each other to verify proper system function and are further compared to known references to detect beam currents in excess of pre-established limits. In the event of a system malfunction, or if the detected beam current exceeds pre-established limits, the beam current limiter automatically inhibits further accelerator operation. A high Q tank circuit associated with each sensing electrode provides a narrow system bandwidth to reduce noise and enhance dynamic range. System linearity is provided by injecting, into each sensing electrode, an RF signal that is offset from the bunching frequency by a pre-determined beat frequency to ensure that subsequent rectifying diodes operate in a linear response region. The system thus provides a large dynamic range in combination with good linearity.

Bogaty, John M. (Lombard, IL); Clifft, Benny E. (Park Forest, IL); Bollinger, Lowell M. (Downers Grove, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Interconnection Network for Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have entered widespread use in high-performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication between accelerators normally requires several memory copies via CPU memory, which ... Keywords: PCI Express, Interconnect for accelerators, GPU cluster, Accelerator computing, Remote DMA

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Materials considerations for molten salt accelerator-based plutonium conversion systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Molten-Salt Reactor Program for power applications was initiated at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1956. In 1965 the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) went critical and was successfully operated for several years. Operation of the MSRE revealed two deficiencies in the Hastelloy N alloy that had been developed specifically for molten-salt systems. The alloy embrittled at elevated temperatures as a result of exposure to thermal neutrons (radiation damage) and grain boundary embrittlement occurred in materials to fuel salt. Intergranular cracking was found to be associated with fission products, viz. tellurium. An improved Hastelloy N composition was subsequently developed that had better resistance to both of these problems. However, the discovery that fission product cracking could be significantly decreased by making the salt sufficiently reducing offers the prospect of improved compatibility with molten salts containing fission products and resistance to radiation damage in ABC applications. Recommendations are made regarding the types of corrosion tests and mechanistic studies needed to qualify materials for operation with PuF{sub 3}-containing molten salts.

DeVan, J.H.; DiStefano, J.R.; Eatherly, W.P.; Keiser, J.R.; Klueh, R.L.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Materials considerations for molten salt accelerator-based plutonium conversion systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Molten-Salt Reactor Program for civilian power applications was initiated at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1956. In 1965 the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) went critical and was successfully operated for several years. Operation of the MSRE revealed two deficiencies in the Hastelloy N alloy that had been developed specifically for molten-salt systems. The alloy embrittled at elevated temperatures as a result of exposure to thermal neutrons (radiation damage) and grain boundary embrittlement occurred in materials exposed to fuel salt. Intergranular cracking was found to be associated with fission products, viz. tellurium. An improved Hastelloy N composition was subsequently developed that had better resistance to both of these problems. However, the discovery that fission product cracking could be significantly decreased by making the salt sufficiently reducing offers the prospect of improved compatibility with molten salts containing fission products and resistance to radiation damage in ABC applications. Recommendations are made regarding the types of corrosion tests and mechanistic studies needed to qualify materials for operation with PuF3-containing molten salts.

De Van, J. H.; Di Stefano, J. R.; Eatherly, W. P.; Keiser, J. R.; Klueh, R. L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

1995-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Application Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration on Current and Future Cray Platforms Alice Koniges, Robert Preissl, Jihan Kim, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory David Eder, Aaron Fisher, Nathan Masters, Velimir Mlaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stephane Ethier, Weixing Wang, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Martin Head-Gordon, University of California, Berkeley and Nathan Wichmann, Cray Inc. ABSTRACT: Application codes in a variety of areas are being updated for performance on the latest architectures. We describe current bottlenecks and performance improvement areas for applications including plasma physics, chemistry related to carbon capture and sequestration, and material science. We include a variety of methods including advanced hybrid parallelization using multi-threaded MPI, GPU acceleration, libraries and auto- parallelization compilers. KEYWORDS: hybrid

353

Linear Motor Powered Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

Thornton, Richard D.

354

Interfacing to accelerator instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

As the sensory system for an accelerator, the beam instrumentation provides a tremendous amount of diagnostic information. Access to this information can vary from periodic spot checks by operators to high bandwidth data acquisition during studies. In this paper, example applications will illustrate the requirements on interfaces between the control system and the instrumentation hardware. A survey of the major accelerator facilities will identify the most popular interface standards. The impact of developments such as isochronous protocols and embedded digital signal processing will also be discussed.

Shea, T.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Shaken, Not Heated: the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory's Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS), the scientists aimed intense, 130-femtosecond-long pulses of terahertz light at...

356

Brief Min-max predictive control techniques for a linear state-space system with a bounded set of input matrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Min-max predictive control of a linear state-space system with a bounded set of input matrices is studied based on a quadratic performance criterion. Systems with stable and integrating dynamics as well as time-varying and time-invariant uncertainties ... Keywords: Constraint satisfaction, Minimax techniques, Predictive control, Robust control

Jay H. Lee; Brian L. Cooley

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Modeling of decentralized linear observer and tracker for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel low-order modeling of decentralized linear observer-based tracker is presented in this paper for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property. The appropriate (low-)order decentralized ... Keywords: Digital redesign, Large-scale system, Observer, Observer/Kalman filter identification, Tracker

Jason Sheng-Hong Tsai; Nien-Tsu Hu; Po-Chuan Yang; Shu-Mei Guo; Leang-San Shieh

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Compiled code simulation of analog and mixed-signal systems using piecewise linear modeling of nonlinear parameters: A case study for ?? modulator simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for fast time-domain simulation of analog systems with nonlinear parameters. Specifically, the paper focuses on @D@S analog-to-digital converters (ADC). The method creates compiled-code simulators based on symbolic analysis. ... Keywords: Analog and mixed-signal systems, Neural networks, Nonlinear modeling, Piecewise linear, Simulation

Hui Zhang; Simona Doboli; Hua Tang; Alex Doboli

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Fresnel to someone by Linear Fresnel to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Linear Fresnel on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Parabolic Trough Linear Fresnel Power Tower Dish Engine Components Competitive Awards Staff Photovoltaics Systems Integration Balance of Systems Linear Fresnel DOE funds solar research and development (R&D) in linear Fresnel systems as one of four CSP technologies aiming to meet the goals of the SunShot Initiative. Linear Fresnel systems, which are a type of linear

360

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 April 2001 Rev.1 July 2003 Guide to LIBXSIF, a Library for Parsing the Extended Standard Input Format of Accelerated Beamlines Peter G. Tenenbaum Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University Stanford, CA Abstract: We describe LIBXSIF, a standalone library for parsing the Extended Standard Input Format of accelerator beamlines. Included in the description are: documentation of user commands; full description of permitted accelerator elements and their attributes; the construction of beamline lists; the mechanics of adding LIBXSIF to an existing program; and "under the hood" details for users who wish to modify the library or are merely morbidly curious. Guide to LIBXSIF, a Library for Parsing the Extended Standard Input Format of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6, 27/05/99 6, 27/05/99 Tolerances of Random RF Jitters in X-Band Main Linacs May 27, 1999 Kiyoshi KUBO KEK Tsukuba, Japan Abstract: Tracking simulations have been performed for the main linacs of an X-band linear collider. We discuss the choice of phase of the accelerating field relative to the bunches. The tolerances of the phase and the amplitude errors are studied. Tolerances of Random RF Jitters in X-Band Main Linacs K. Kubo, KEK Abstract Tracking simulations have been performed for main linacs of X-band linear collider. We discuss about choice of the phase of the accelerating field relative to the bunches. The tolerances of the phase and the amplitude errors are studied. 1 INTRODUCTION In order to preserve the low emittance through the main linacs of future linear colliders, various effects

362

Linear Systems Math 214 Spring 2007 Fowler 110 MWF 2:30pm -3:25pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. · Perform routine calculations related to fundamental concepts in linear algebra. · Develop a deep and flexible understanding of fundamental concepts in linear al- gebra. · Develop an appreciation of selected cover) and "Academic Policies" (pp 111-112) found in the Student Handbook. Any instances of plagiarism

Buckmire, Ron

363

Linear Systems Math 214 Spring 2006 Fowler 307 MWF 2:30pm -3:25pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and written forms. · Perform routine calculations related to fundamental concepts in linear algebra. · Develop a deep and flexible understanding of fundamental concepts in linear al- gebra. · Develop an appreciation Handbook. Any instances of plagiarism or cheating will be dealt with strictly and in accordance

Buckmire, Ron

364

Linear Systems Math 214 Spring 2008 Fowler 307 MWF 9:30 am -10:25 am  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. · Perform routine calculations related to fundamental concepts in linear algebra. · Develop a deep and flexible understanding of fundamental concepts in linear al- gebra. · Develop an appreciation of selected Handbook. Any instances of plagiarism or cheating will be dealt with strictly and in accordance

Buckmire, Ron

365

MUON ACCELERATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major motivations driving recent interest in FFAGs is their use for the cost-effective acceleration of muons. This paper summarizes the progress in this area that was achieved leading up to and at the FFAG workshop at KEK from July 7-12, 2003. Much of the relevant background and references are also given here, to give a context to the progress we have made.

BERG,S.J.

2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

366

What is an accelerator?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world of physics though, 'accelerator' means something a little more specific. Our accelerators are a whole class of machines that accelerate atoms, or more often, pieces of...

367

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne Accelerator Institute: Mission The mission of the Argonne Accelerator Institute is centered upon the following related goals: Locate next generation accelerator facilities...

368

An accelerator technology legacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerator technology has been a major beneficiary of the investment made over the last decade. It is the intention of this paper to provide the reader with a glimpse of the broad nature of those advances. Development has been on a broad front and this paper can highlight only a few of those. Two spin-off applications will be outlined -- a concept for a compact, active, beam probe for solar body exploration and the concept for an accelerator-driven transmutation system for energy production.

Heighway, E.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Steady-State Solutions in Nonlinear Diffusive Shock Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary solutions to the equations of non-linear diffusive shock acceleration play a fundamental role in the theory of cosmic-ray acceleration. Their existence usually requires that a fraction of the accelerated particles be allowed to escape from the system. Because the scattering mean-free-path is thought to be an increasing function of energy, this condition is conventionally implemented as an upper cut-off in energy space -- particles are then permitted to escape from any part of the system, once their energy exceeds this limit. However, because accelerated particles are responsible for substantial amplification of the ambient magnetic field in a region upstream of the shock front, we examine an alternative approach in which particles escape over a spatial boundary. We use a simple iterative scheme that constructs stationary numerical solutions to the coupled kinetic and hydrodynamic equations. For parameters appropriate for supernova remnants, we find stationary solutions with efficient acceleration when the escape boundary is placed at the point where growth and advection of strongly driven non-resonant waves are in balance. We also present the energy dependence of the distribution function close to the energy where it cuts off - a diagnostic that is in principle accessible to observation.

B. Reville; J. G. Kirk; P. Duffy

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

370

Acceleration of dormant storage effects to address the reliability of silicon surface micromachined Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS).  

SciTech Connect

Qualification of microsystems for weapon applications is critically dependent on our ability to build confidence in their performance, by predicting the evolution of their behavior over time in the stockpile. The objective of this work was to accelerate aging mechanisms operative in surface micromachined silicon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) with contacting surfaces that are stored for many years prior to use, to determine the effects of aging on reliability, and relate those effects to changes in the behavior of interfaces. Hence the main focus was on 'dormant' storage effects on the reliability of devices having mechanical contacts, the first time they must move. A large number ({approx}1000) of modules containing prototype devices and diagnostic structures were packaged using the best available processes for simple electromechanical devices. The packaging processes evolved during the project to better protect surfaces from exposure to contaminants and water vapor. Packages were subjected to accelerated aging and stress tests to explore dormancy and operational environment effects on reliability and performance. Functional tests and quantitative measurements of adhesion and friction demonstrated that the main failure mechanism during dormant storage is change in adhesion and friction, precipitated by loss of the fluorinated monolayer applied after fabrication. The data indicate that damage to the monolayer can occur at water vapor concentrations as low as 500 ppm inside the package. The most common type of failure was attributed to surfaces that were in direct contact during aging. The application of quantitative methods for monolayer lubricant analysis showed that even though the coverage of vapor-deposited monolayers is generally very uniform, even on hidden surfaces, locations of intimate contact can be significantly depleted in initial concentration of lubricating molecules. These areas represent defects in the film prone to adsorption of water or contaminants that can cause movable structures to adhere. These analysis methods also indicated significant variability in the coverage of lubricating molecules from one coating process to another, even for identical processing conditions. The variability was due to residual molecules left in the deposition chamber after incomplete cleaning. The coating process was modified to result in improved uniformity and total coverage. Still, a direct correlation was found between the resulting static friction behavior of MEMS interfaces, and the absolute monolayer coverage. While experimental results indicated that many devices would fail to start after aging, the modeling approach used here predicted that all the devices should start. Adhesion modeling based upon values of adhesion energy from cantilever beams is therefore inadequate. Material deposition that bridged gaps was observed in some devices, and potentially inhibits start-up more than the adhesion model indicates. Advances were made in our ability to model MEMS devices, but additional combined experimental-modeling studies will be needed to advance the work to a point of providing predictive capability. The methodology developed here should prove useful in future assessments of device aging, however. Namely, it consisted of measuring interface properties, determining how they change with time, developing a model of device behavior incorporating interface behavior, and then using the age-aware interface behavior model to predict device function.

Cox, James V.; Candelaria, Sam A.; Dugger, Michael Thomas; Duesterhaus, Michelle Ann; Tanner, Danelle Mary; Timpe, Shannon J.; Ohlhausen, James Anthony; Skousen, Troy J.; Jenkins, Mark W.; Jokiel, Bernhard, Jr.; Walraven, Jeremy Allen; Parson, Ted Blair

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerator Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An image of the FACET equipment and a man examining it. ACCELERATOR PHYSICS Accelerators form the backbone of SLAC's on-site experimental program. They are complicated...

372

Accelerators and the Accelerator Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, standing back--looking from afar--and adopting a historical perspective, the field of accelerator science is examined. How it grew, what are the forces that made it what it is, where it is now, and what it is likely to be in the future are the subjects explored. Clearly, a great deal of personal opinion is invoked in this process.

Malamud, Ernest; Sessler, Andrew

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

EA-1147: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

design, build, and test critical prototypical components of the accelerator system for tritium production, specifically the front-end low-energy section of the accelerator, at the...

374

International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems Covering control system topics for accelerators, telescopes, fusion, physics detectors, space exploration, and more Proceedings...

375

Predictability of Linear Coupled Systems. Part II: An Application to a Simple Model of Tropical Atlantic Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A predictability analysis developed within a general framework of linear stochastic dynamics in a companion paper is applied to a simple coupled climate model of tropical Atlantic variability (TAV). The simple model extends the univariate ...

Ping Chang; R. Saravanan; Faming Wang; Link Ji

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Explicit/multi-parametric model predictive control (MPC) of linear discrete-time systems by dynamic and multi-parametric programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents a new algorithm for solving the explicit/multi-parametric model predictive control (or mp-MPC) problem for linear, time-invariant discrete-time systems, based on dynamic programming and multi-parametric programming techniques. The ... Keywords: Dynamic programming, Explicit Model Predictive Control, Model Predictive Control, Multi-parametric control, Multi-parametric programming

K. I. Kouramas; N. P. Faísca; C. Panos; E. N. Pistikopoulos

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Use of a Rain Gauge Network to Infer the Influence of Environmental Factors on the Propagation of Quasi-Linear Convective Systems in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The West African squall line is a key quasi-linear storm system that brings much of the precipitation observed in the data-poor Sudanian climate zone. Squall lines propagate at a wide range of speeds and headings, but the lack of operational ...

Jon M. Schrage; Andreas H. Fink

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

TRACKING ACCELERATOR SETTINGS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recording setting changes within an accelerator facility provides information that can be used to answer questions about when, why, and how changes were made to some accelerator system. This can be very useful during normal operations, but can also aid with security concerns and in detecting unusual software behavior. The Set History System (SHS) is a new client-server system developed at the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory to provide these capabilities. The SHS has been operational for over two years and currently stores about IOOK settings per day into a commercial database management system. The SHS system consists of a server written in Java, client tools written in both Java and C++, and a web interface for querying the database of setting changes. The design of the SHS focuses on performance, portability, and a minimal impact on database resources. In this paper, we present an overview of the system design along with benchmark results showing the performance and reliability of the SHS over the last year.

D OTTAVIO,T.; FU, W.; OTTAVIO, D.P.

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 August 2002 Collimator Wakefield Calculations for ILC-TRC Report Peter Tenenbaum Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University Stanford, CA 94309, USA Abstract: We summarize the formalism of collimator wakefields and their effect on beams that are near the center of the collimator gap, and apply the formalism to the TESLA, NLC, and CLIC collimation systems. Collimator Wakefield Calculations for ILC-TRC Report P. Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0101 20-Aug-2002 Abstract We summarize the formalism of collimator wakefields and their effect on beams which are near the center of the collimator gap, and apply the formalism to the TESLA, NLC, and CLIC collimation systems. 1 Introduction One of the beam dynamics effects which must be evaluated for the

380

Characterisation of electron beams from laser-driven particle accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development, understanding and application of laser-driven particle accelerators require accurate measurements of the beam properties, in particular emittance, energy spread and bunch length. Here we report measurements and simulations showing that laser wakefield accelerators can produce beams of quality comparable to conventional linear accelerators.

Brunetti, E.; Manahan, G. G.; Shanks, R. P.; Islam, M. R.; Ersfeld, B.; Anania, M. P.; Cipiccia, S.; Issac, R. C.; Vieux, G.; Welsh, G. H.; Wiggins, S. M.; Jaroszynski, D. A. [Physics Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Accelerating Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions From vehicles on the road to the energy that powers them, Oak Ridge National Laboratory innovations are advancing American transportation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is making an impact on everyday America by enhancing transportation choices and quality of life. Through strong collaborative partnerships with industry, ORNL research and development efforts are helping accelerate the deployment of a new generation of energy efficient vehicles powered by domestic, renewable, clean energy. EPA ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel rule ORNL and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory co-led a comprehensive research and test program to determine the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on emissions and emission control (catalyst) technology. In the course of this program, involving

382

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA collaboration Abstract TESLA, a 33 km long 500 GeV centre-of-mass energy superconducting linear collider The 33 km long e+ e- linear collider TESLA (Tera eV Energy Superconductiong Linear Accelerator) with 500

383

Reliability and Maintainability Issues for the Next Linear Collider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large accelerators for high energy physics research traditionally have been designed using informal best design, engineering, and management practices to achieve acceptable levels of operational availability. However, the Next Linear Collider(NLC) project presents a particular challenge for operational availability due to the unprecedented size and complexity of the accelerator systems required to achieve the physics goals of high center-of-mass energy and high luminosity. Formal reliability and maintainability analysis, design, and implementation will be required to achieve acceptable operational availability for the high energy physics research program. This paper introduces some of the basic concepts of reliability analysis and applies them to the 2.6-cm microwave power system of the two 10-km-long, 250-GeV linacs that are currently proposed for the NLC design.

Wilson, Zane J.; Gold, Saul L.; Koontz, Ron F.; Lavine, Ted L.; /SLAC

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

384

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Accelerator Update Archive 10 Accelerator Update Archive December 20, 2010 - December 22, 2010 - Three stores provided !32 hours of luminosity - Problems with two Linac quadrupole power supplies - Cryo system technicians work on TEV sector D1 wet engine - TEV quench during checkout - JASMIN's run at MTest ends December 17, 2010 - December 20, 2010 The Integrated Luminosity for the period from 12/13/10 to 12/20/10 was 66.31 inverse picobarns. NuMI reported receiving 7.62E18 protons on target during this same period. - Five Stores provided ~62 hours of luminosity - Operations had trouble with a Linac RF station (LRF3) - Operators tuned the Linac backup source (I- Source) December 15, 2010 - December 17, 2010 - Three stores provided ~36.1 hours of luminosity - MI-52 Septa repaired - NuMI recovered its target LCW system

385

Numerical Verification of the Power Transfer and Wakefield Coupling in the Clic Two-Beam Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) provides a path to a multi-TeV accelerator to explore the energy frontier of High Energy Physics. Its two-beam accelerator (TBA) concept envisions complex 3D structures, which must be modeled to high accuracy so that simulation results can be directly used to prepare CAD drawings for machining. The required simulations include not only the fundamental mode properties of the accelerating structures but also the Power Extraction and Transfer Structure (PETS), as well as the coupling between the two systems. Time-domain simulations will be performed to understand pulse formation, wakefield damping, fundamental power transfer and wakefield coupling in these structures. Applying SLAC's parallel finite element code suite, these large-scale problems will be solved on some of the largest supercomputers available. The results will help to identify potential issues and provide new insights on the design, leading to further improvements on the novel two-beam accelerator scheme.

Candel, Arno; Li, Z.; Ng, C.; Rawat, V.; Schussman, G.; Ko, K.; /SLAC; Syratchev, I.; Grudiev, A.; Wuensch, W.; /CERN

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

Linear Quadratic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proposal of Reshef et. al. (“MIC”) is an interesting new approach for discovering non-linear dependencies among pairs of measurements in exploratory data mining. However, it has a potentially serious drawback. The authors laud the fact that MIC has no preference for some alternatives over others, but as the authors know, there is no free lunch in Statistics: tests which strive to have high power against all alternatives can have low power in many important situations. To investigate this, we ran simulations to compare the power of MIC to that of standard Pearson correlation and distance correlation (dcor) Székely & Rizzo (2009). We simulated pairs of variables with different relationships (most of which were considered by the Reshef et. al.), but with varying levels of noise added. To determine proper cutoffs for testing the independence hypothesis, we simulated independent data with the appropriate marginals. As one can see from the Figure, MIC has lower power than dcor, in every case except the somewhat pathological

Noah Simon; Robert Tibshirani; Noah Simon; Robert Tibshirani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Direct High-Power Laser Acceleration of Ions for Medical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical investigations show that linearly and radially polarized multiterawatt and petawatt laser beams, focused to subwavelength waist radii, can directly accelerate protons and carbon nuclei, over micron-size distances, to the energies required for hadron cancer therapy. Ions accelerated by radially polarized lasers have generally a more favorable energy spread than those accelerated by linearly polarized lasers of the same intensity.

Salamin, Yousef I. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Physics Department, American University of Sharjah, POB 26666, Sharjah (United Arab Emirates); Harman, Zoltan; Keitel, Christoph H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

388

Tech Acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on a National basis that will identify manufacturers' production and technical ... to scout for suppliers of components for alternative energy systems. ...

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

389

Power plant and system for accelerating a cross compound turbine in such plant, especially one having an HTGR steam supply  

SciTech Connect

An electric power plant having a cross compound steam turbine and a steam source that includes a high temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor is described. The steam turbine includes high and intermediate-pressure portions which drive a first generating means, and a low-pressure portion which drives a second generating means. The steam source supplies superheat steam to the high-pressure turbine portion, and an associated bypass permits the superheat steam to flow from the source to the exhaust of the high-pressure portion. The intermediate and low-pressure portions use reheat steam; an associated bypass permits reheat steam to flow from the source to the low-pressure exhaust. An auxiliary turbine driven by steam exhausted from the high-pressure portion and its bypass drives a gas blower to propel the coolant gas through the reactor. While the bypass flow of reheat steam is varied to maintain an elevated pressure of reheat steam upon its discharge from the source, both the first and second generating means and their associated turbines are accelerated initially by admitting steam to the intermediate and low-pressure portions. The electrical speed of the second generating means is equalized with that of the first generating means, whereupon the generating means are connected and acceleration proceeds under control of the flow through the high-pressure portion. 29 claims, 2 figures.

Jaegtnes, K.O.; Braytenbah, A.S.

1977-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Accelerated life test of the USDOE OC-OTEC experimental system refurbished with magnetic bearings for the 3rd stage vacuum compressor. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the accelerated life test (time-to-failure) performed, at the request of DOE, to evaluate the viability of the magnetic bearing system installed in the stage 3 vacuum pump. To this effect the plant was successfully operated for over 500 hours during the period September-November 1996. The first part of this report discusses system performance by deriving subsystem and system performance parameters from a typical record. This is followed by the discussion of the life tests. The instrumentation used to estimate the performance parameters given here is depicted. The third stage pump was operated for 535 hours without incident. It is concluded that magnetic bearings are the preferable choice for the OC-OTEC centrifugal vacuum pumps.

Vega, L.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

The other high resolution post accelerator approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been significant discussion in consideration of a high resolution mass separator followed by a RFQ and a linear accelerator as the basic format for IsoSpin Laboratory. There exists another strong possibility-namely a low-resolution mass separator coupled to a cyclotron. The major objection to this approach has been that the conversion from the +1 mass separator beam to a q/m beam of 1/4 to 1/3 is thought to be highly inefficient. Since we are in the fortunate position of having the two expensive components of this system available for tests (an on-line mass separator and an ECR source), we intend to couple these devices to actually measure these efficiencies and to test ideas for improving the efficiency. We present some specifics of this approach.

Moltz, D.M.; Tighe, R.J.; Rowe, M.W.; Ognibene, T.J.; Cerny, J.

1993-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Wire Position Monitor System for the 1.3 FHZ Tesla-Style Cryomodule at the Fermilab New-Muon-Lab Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first cryomodule for the beam test facility at the Fermilab New-Muon-Lab building is currently under RF commissioning. Among other diagnostics systems, the transverse position of the helium gas return pipe with the connected 1.3 GHz SRF accelerating cavities is measured along the {approx}15 m long module using a stretched-wire position monitoring system. An overview of the wire position monitor system technology is given, along with preliminary results taken at the initial module cooldown, and during further testing. As the measurement system offers a high resolution, we also discuss options for use as a vibration detector. An electron beam test facility, based on superconducting RF (SRF) TESLA-style cryomodules is currently under construction at the Fermilab New-Muon-Lab (NML) building. The first, so-called type III+, cryomodule (CM-1), equipped with eight 1.3 GHz nine-cell accelerating cavities was recently cooled down to 2 K, and is currently under RF conditioning. The transverse alignment of the cavity string within the cryomodule is crucial for minimizing transverse kick and beam break-up effects, generated by the high-order dipole modes of misaligned accelerating structures. An optimum alignment can only be guaranteed during the assembly of the cavity string, i.e. at room temperatures. The final position of the cavities after cooldown is uncontrollable, and therefore unknown. A wire position monitoring system (WPM) can help to understand the transverse motion of the cavities during cooldown, their final location and the long term position stability after cryo-temperatures are settled, as well as the position reproducibility for several cold-warm cycles. It also may serve as vibration sensor, as the wire acts as a high-Q resonant detector for mechanical vibrations in the low-audio frequency range. The WPM system consists out of a stretched-wire position detection system, provided with help of INFN-Milano and DESY Hamburg, and RF generation and read-out electronics, developed at Fermilab.

Eddy, N.; Fellenz, B.; Prieto, P.; Semenov, A.; Voy, D.C.; Wendt, M.; /Fermilab

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

393

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator The Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator (CWDD) accelerator, a cryogenically-cooled (26K) linac, was designed to accelerate 80 mA cw of D to 7.5 MeV. CWDD was being built to demonstrate the lauching of a beam with characteristics suitable for a space-based neutral particle-beam (NPB). A considerable amount of hardware was constructed and installed in the Argonne-based facility, and major performance milestones were achieved before program funding ended in October 1993. References - Document Access Guide Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator Final Design Review, Grumman Space Systems, Grumman-Culham Laboratory, Los Alamos (1989). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) Recommissioning and first operation of the CWDD injector at Argonne

394

WIPP Accelerating Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACCELERATING CLEANUP: ACCELERATING CLEANUP: PATHS TO CLOSURE CARLSBAD AREA OFFICE JUNE 1998 I. Operations/Field Overview CAO Mission The mission of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) is to protect human health and the environment by opening and operating the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste and by establishing an effective system for management of TRU waste from generation to disposal. It includes personnel assigned to CAO, WIPP site operations, transportation, and other activities associated with the National TRU Program (NTP). The CAO develops and directs implementation of the TRU waste program, and assesses compliance with the program guidance, as well as the commonality of activities and assumptions among all TRU waste sites. NTP Program Management

395

Accelerator and electrodynamics capability review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses capability reviews to assess the science, technology and engineering (STE) quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). Laboratory Management will use this report for STE assessment and planning. LANL has defined fifteen STE capabilities. Electrodynamics and Accelerators is one of the seven STE capabilities that LANL Management (Director, PADSTE, technical Associate Directors) has identified for review in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. Accelerators and electrodynamics at LANL comprise a blend of large-scale facilities and innovative small-scale research with a growing focus on national security applications. This review is organized into five topical areas: (1) Free Electron Lasers; (2) Linear Accelerator Science and Technology; (3) Advanced Electromagnetics; (4) Next Generation Accelerator Concepts; and (5) National Security Accelerator Applications. The focus is on innovative technology with an emphasis on applications relevant to Laboratory mission. The role of Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) in support of accelerators/electrodynamics will be discussed. The review provides an opportunity for interaction with early career staff. Program sponsors and customers will provide their input on the value of the accelerator and electrodynamics capability to the Laboratory mission.

Jones, Kevin W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Argonne Accelerator Institute In 2006, Argonne Laboratory Director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. More Information for: Members * Students Industrial Collaborators - Working with Argonne Link to: Accelerators for America's Future Upcoming Events and News 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC'13)

397

Science Accelerator Widget  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Accelerator Widget You can now explore multiple Science Accelerator features through the new tabbed widget. Download this tool via the 'Get Widget Options' link or by...

398

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators at Argonne Argonne has a long and continuing history of participation in accelerator based, and user oriented facilities. The Zero-Gradient Synchrotron, which began...

399

Accelerating Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C.W. Ayers, J.N. Chiasson, T.A. Burress, and L.D. Marlino. 2006. Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System. ORNLTM- 2006423. Oak Ridge, Tennessee: Oak Ridge...

400

The SNS front-end, an injector for a high-power hydrogen-ion accelerator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) will be an accelerator-based facility in Oak Ridge, TN, delivering pulsed neutron beams to experimenters. Negative hydrogen ion-beams are generated and pre-accelerated in a 2.5-MeV linac injector, or front end (FE), accelerated to 1 GeV energy by a linear accelerator system, converted into protons and accumulated in a ring accelerator, and then directed towards a mercury target to generate the neutrons. The proton beam arrives at the target in bursts of less than 1 {micro}s duration and with more than 1 MW average power. The front end has been built and commissioned by LBNL in Berkeley; shipment to ORNL is essentially complete. This paper provides an overview of FE major design features and experimental results obtained during the commissioning process. The SNS-FE can be viewed as a prototype of a high-current, high duty-factor injector for other accelerator projects or, without the elaborate MEBT, as an independent 2.5-MeV accelerator for various applications.

Keller, R.

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Comparisons of the Calculations Using Different Codes Implemented in MCNPX Monte Carlo Transport Code for Accelerator Driven System Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling and Simulations / Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems

Basar Sarer; Sümer Sahin; Mehtap Günay; Yurdunaz Çelik

402

Experimental and theoretical investigation of high gradient acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains a technical progress summary of the research conducted under the auspices of DOE Grant No. DE-FG0291ER-40648. Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of High Gradient Acceleration.'' This grant supports three research tasks: Task A consists of the design and fabrication of a 17GHz of photocathode gun, Task B supports the testing of high gradient acceleration using a 33GHz structure, and Task C comprises theoretical investigations, both in support of the experimental tasks and on critical physics issues for the development of high energy linear colliders. This report is organized as follows. The development of an rf gun design and research progress on the picosecond laser system is summarized in Sec. 2, the status of the studies of the LBL/Haimson high gradient structure, using a 50 MW free-electron laser is summarized in Sec. 3, and theoretical research progress is described in Sec. 4. Supporting material is contained in Appendices A-G.

Bekefi, G.; Chen, C.; Chen, S.; Danly, B.; Temkin, R.J.; Wurtele, J.S.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Accelerator Technology Division progress report, FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly discusses the following topics: The Ground Test Accelerator Program; Defense Free-Electron Lasers; AXY Programs; A Next Generation High-Power Neutron-Scattering Facility; JAERI OMEGA Project and Intense Neutron Sources for Materials Testing; Advanced Free-Electron Laser Initiative; Superconducting Supercollider; The High-Power Microwave (HPM) Program; Neutral Particle Beam (NPB) Power Systems Highlights; Industrial Partnering; Accelerator Physics and Special Projects; Magnetic Optics and Beam Diagnostics; Accelerator Design and Engineering; Radio-Frequency Technology; Accelerator Theory and Free-Electron Laser Technology; Accelerator Controls and Automation; Very High-Power Microwave Sources and Effects; and GTA Installation, Commissioning, and Operations.

Schriber, S.O.; Hardekopf, R.A.; Heighway, E.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

ACCELERATING POLARIZED PROTONS TO HIGH ENERGY.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide collisions of high energy polarized protons for the quest of understanding the proton spin structure. Polarized proton collisions at a beam energy of 100 GeV have been achieved in RHIC since 2001. Recently, polarized proton beam was accelerated to 250 GeV in RHIC for the first time. Unlike accelerating unpolarized protons, the challenge for achieving high energy polarized protons is to fight the various mechanisms in an accelerator that can lead to partial or total polarization loss due to the interaction of the spin vector with the magnetic fields. We report on the progress of the RHIC polarized proton program. We also present the strategies of how to preserve the polarization through the entire acceleration chain, i.e. a 200 MeV linear accelerator, the Booster, the AGS and RHIC.

BAI, M.; AHRENS, L.; ALEKSEEV, I.G.; ALESSI, J.; BEEBE-WANG, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRAVAR, A.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRUNO, D.; BUNCE, G.; ET AL.

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

405

ACCELERATION INTEGRATING MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acceleration responsive device is described. A housing has at one end normally open electrical contacts and contains a piston system with a first part of non-magnetic material having metering orifices in the side walls for forming an air bearing between it and the walls of the housing; this first piston part is normally held against the other end of the housing from the noted contacts by a second piston or reset part. The reset part is of partly magnetic material, is separable from the flrst piston part, and is positioned within the housing intermediate the contacts and the first piston part. A magnet carried by the housing imposes a retaining force upon the reset part, along with a helical compression spring that is between the reset part and the end with the contacts. When a predetermined acceleration level is attained, the reset part overcomes the bias or retaining force provided by the magnet and the spring'' snaps'' into a depression in the housing adjacent the contacts. The first piston part is then free to move toward the contacts with its movement responsive tc acceleration forces and the metering orifices. (AEC)

Wilkes, D.F.

1961-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

406

Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator studies at the RTA test facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prototype rf power source based on the Relativistic Klystron Two- Beam Accelerator (RK-TBA) concept is being constructed at LBNL to study physics, engineering, and costing issues. The prototype, called RTA, is described and compared to a full scale design appropriate for driving the Next Linear Collider. Specific details of the induction core test and pulsed power system are presented. Details of the 1-MeV, 1.2-kA induction gun currently under construction are described.

Westenskow, G.A.; Houck, T.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Anderson, D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1996-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

NIST MIRF - Accelerator Radiation Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerator Radiation Physics. Medium-energy accelerators are under investigation for production of channeling radiation ...

408

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Illinois Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photo: IARC photo: IARC As envisioned, the Illinois Accelerator Research Center will provide approximately 83,000 square feet of technical, office and classroom space for scientists and industrial partners. The Illinois Accelerator Research Center (IARC) is a new accelerator research facility being built at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At the Illinois Accelerator Research Center, scientists and engineers from Fermilab, Argonne and Illinois universities will work side by side with industrial partners to research and develop breakthroughs in accelerator science and translate them into applications for the nation's health, wealth and security. Located on the Fermilab campus this 83,000 square foot, state-of-the-art facility will house offices, technical and educational space to study

409

The linear Fokker-Planck equation for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as an (almost) nonlinear kinetic equation for an isolated N-particle system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is long known that the Fokker-Planck equation with prescribed constant coefficients of diffusion and linear friction describes the ensemble average of the stochastic evolutions in velocity space of a Brownian test particle immersed in a heat bath of fixed temperature. Apparently, it is not so well known that the same partial differential equation, but now with constant coefficients which are functionals of the solution itself rather than being prescribed, describes the kinetic evolution (in the infinite particle limit) of an isolated N-particle system with certain stochastic interactions. Here we discuss in detail this recently discovered interpretation.

Michael Kiessling; Carlo Lancellotti

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

410

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC National Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Notice and Terms of Use Updated January 3, 2005 PRIVACY NOTICE Welcome to the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory website. We collect no personal information about you...

411

Evolution of pulse shapes during compressor scans in a CPA system and control of electron acceleration in plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of pulse shapes during compressor scans in a CPA system andused optical pulse compressor, the grating pair – withis the grating pulse compressor. In contrast to the most

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Petawatt pulsed-power accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A petawatt pulsed-power accelerator can be driven by various types of electrical-pulse generators, including conventional Marx generators and linear-transformer drivers. The pulsed-power accelerator can be configured to drive an electrical load from one- or two-sides. Various types of loads can be driven; for example, the accelerator can be used to drive a high-current z-pinch load. When driven by slow-pulse generators (e.g., conventional Marx generators), the accelerator comprises an oil section comprising at least one pulse-generator level having a plurality of pulse generators; a water section comprising a pulse-forming circuit for each pulse generator and a level of monolithic triplate radial-transmission-line impedance transformers, that have variable impedance profiles, for each pulse-generator level; and a vacuum section comprising triplate magnetically insulated transmission lines that feed an electrical load. When driven by LTD generators or other fast-pulse generators, the need for the pulse-forming circuits in the water section can be eliminated.

Stygar, William A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cuneo, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Headley, Daniel I. (Albuquerque, NM); Ives, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ives, legal representative; Berry Cottrell (Albuquerque, NM); Leeper, Ramon J. (Albuquerque, NM); Mazarakis, Michael G. (Albuquerque, NM); Olson, Craig L. (Albuquerque, NM); Porter, John L. (Sandia Park, NM); Wagoner; Tim C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

413

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) in Newport News, Virginia, USA, is one of ten national laboratories under the aegis of the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). It is managed and operated by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC. The primary facility at Jefferson Lab is the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) as shown in an aerial photograph in Figure 1. Jefferson Lab was created in 1984 as CEBAF and started operations for physics in 1995. The accelerator uses superconducting radio-frequency (srf) techniques to generate high-quality beams of electrons with high-intensity, well-controlled polarization. The technology has enabled ancillary facilities to be created. The CEBAF facility is used by an international user community of more than 1200 physicists for a program of exploration and study of nuclear, hadronic matter, the strong interaction and quantum chromodynamics. Additionally, the exceptional quality of the beams facilitates studies of the fundamental symmetries of nature, which complement those of atomic physics on the one hand and of high-energy particle physics on the other. The facility is in the midst of a project to double the energy of the facility and to enhance and expand its experimental facilities. Studies are also pursued with a Free-Electron Laser produced by an energy-recovering linear accelerator.

Joseph Grames, Douglas Higinbotham, Hugh Montgomery

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

HIGH ACCURACY BEAM CURRENT MONITOR SYSTEM FOR CEBAF'S EXPERIMENTAL HALL A *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIGH ACCURACY BEAM CURRENT MONITOR SYSTEM FOR CEBAF'S EXPERIMENTAL HALL A * J.-C. Denard , A. Saha, Université Blaise Pascal IN2P3-CNRS Abstract CEBAF accelerator delivers continuous wave (CW) electron beams for measuring accurately the linearity is described. 1 INTRODUCTION The CEBAF accelerator delivers continuous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

An Iterative Solver with a Convergence-Acceleration Technique for Pressure Field in an Uneven-Spacing Grid System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A straightforward iterative method is developed for solving the pressure field in three-dimensional, anelastic, nonhydrostatic, mesoscale models with uneven-spacing grid systems for which direct FFT (fan Fourier transform) schemes cannot be ...

Chih-Yue Jim Kao; Lawrence H. Auer

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Laser-PlasmaWakefield Acceleration with Higher Order Laser Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design considerations for a laser-plasma linear collider,"E.Esarey, and W.P.Leemans, "Free-electron laser driven bythe LBNL laser-plasma accelerator," in Proc. Adv. Acc. Con.

Geddes, C.G.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Proceedings of the first international workshop on accelerator alignment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers on the following accelerator topics: current alignment topics; toolboxes: instrumentation, software, and methods; fiducialization of conventional magnets; fiducialization of superconducting magnets; and next generation linear colliders.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0104  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 October 2002 Beamstrahlung Photon Load on the TESLA Extraction Septum Blade Andrei Seryi Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA 94309, USA Abstract: This note describes work performed in the framework of the International Linear Collider Technical Review Committee [1] to estimate the power load on the TESLA extraction septum blade due to beamstrahlung photons. It is shown, that under realistic conditions the photon load can be several orders of magnitude higher than what was estimated in the TESLA TDR [2] for the ideal Gaussian beams, potentially representing a serious limitation of the current design. Beamstrahlung Photon Load on the TESLA Extraction Septum Blade ANDREI SERYI STANFORD LINEAR

419

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Development Research and Development Click to download a PDF version of this document. PDF Focus Research Areas Fundamental Accelerator Physics: Theory Importance Accelerator physics research is normally associated with specific accelerator projects. As a scientific discipline, however, it is useful to study fundamental accelerator phenomena decoupled, as much as possible, from specific project aspects. Pursuit of fundamental accelerator physics in this sense has contributed significantly to the advance of the accelerator physics knowledgebase during the last several decades, clarifying the limitations and suggesting ways to overcome those limitations. Such basic research tends to be discouraged in a project-driven environment. For sustained and significant progress in

420

Broadband accelerator control network  

SciTech Connect

A broadband data communications network has been implemented at BNL for control of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AG) proton accelerator, using commercial CATV hardware, dual coaxial cables as the communications medium, and spanning 2.0 km. A 4 MHz bandwidth Digital Control channel using CSMA-CA protocol is provided for digital data transmission, with 8 access nodes available over the length of the RELWAY. Each node consists of an rf modem and a microprocessor-based store-and-forward message handler which interfaces the RELWAY to a branch line implemented in GPIB. A gateway to the RELWAY control channel for the (preexisting) AGS Computerized Accelerator Operating system has been constructed using an LSI-11/23 microprocessor as a device in a GPIB branch line. A multilayer communications protocol has been defined for the Digital Control Channel, based on the ISO Open Systems Interconnect layered model, and a RELWAY Device Language defined as the required universal language for device control on this channel.

Skelly, J.; Clifford, T.; Frankel, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Design considerations for a laser-plasma linear collider  

SciTech Connect

Design considerations for a next-generation electron-positron linear collider based on laser-plasma-accelerators are discussed. Several of the advantages and challenges of laser-plasma based accelerator technology are addressed. An example of the parameters for a 1 TeV laser-plasma based collider is presented.

Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.; Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; Leemans, W. P.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A polynomial projection algorithm for linear programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a linear optimization or decision problem in the form of a system of linear ... we understand the number of arithmetic and the other elementary operations ..... where M is a diagonal matrix whose entries on the main diagonal are non-

423

New architecture for RF power amplifier linearization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power amplifier linearization has become an important part of the transmitter system as 3G and developing 4G communication standards require higher linearity than ever before. The thesis proposes two power amplifier ...

Boo, Hyun H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Particle acceleration by fluctuating electric fields at a magnetic field null point  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle acceleration consequences from fluctuating electric fields superposed on an X-type magnetic field in collisionless solar plasma are studied. Such a system is chosen to mimic generic features of dynamic reconnection, or the reconnective dissipation of a linear disturbance. We explore numerically the consequences for charged particle distributions of fluctuating electric fields superposed on an X-type magnetic field. Particle distributions are obtained by numerically integrating individual charged particle orbits when a time varying electric field is superimposed on a static X-type neutral point. This configuration represents the effects of the passage of a generic MHD disturbance through such a system. Different frequencies of the electric field are used, representing different possible types of wave. The electric field reduces with increasing distance from the X-type neutral point as in linear dynamic magnetic reconnection. The resulting particle distributions have properties that depend on the amplitude and frequency of the electric field. In many cases a bimodal form is found. Depending on the timescale for variation of the electric field, electrons and ions may be accelerated to different degrees and often have energy distributions of different forms. Protons are accelerated to $\\gamma$-ray producing energies and electrons to and above hard X-ray producing energies in timescales of 1 second. The acceleration mechanism is possibly important for solar flares and solar noise storms but is also applicable to all collisionless plasmas.

P. Petkaki; A. L. MacKinnon

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

425

Some aspects of superconducting accelerator design  

SciTech Connect

The performance of an accelerator can be characterized by the efficiency with which electrical energy, the minimumm energy needed to generate a given beam voltage. The current accelerator improvement program at SLAC aims at raising the beam voltage to 50 GV which will use 240 klystrons each capable of producing a pulse 5 ..mu..s in length at a peak power of 36 MW. The Linear Collider requires 50 MW klystrons to achieve 60 GV which will raise the concomittant power consumption to 32.3 MW. We show that with superconducting elements we can increase the rf and ac conversion efficiencies and achieve the necessary 50 GV using only 1/3 of the present power requirements, provided that we exclude CW operation. We will further demonstrate that this increase in efficiency is crucial and highly significant in the design of a proposed 1000 GV linear accelerator.

Farkas, Z.D.; St. Lorant, S.J.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Plasma beat-wave accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We perform an analytic study of some quantities relevant to the plasma beat-wave accelerator (PBWA) concept. We obtain analytic expressions for the plasma frequency, longitudinal electron velocity, plasma density and longitudinal plasma electric field of a nonlinear longitudinal electron plasma oscillation with amplitude less than the wave-breaking limit and phase velocity approaching the speed of light. We also estimate the luminosity of a single-pass e/sup +/e/sup -/ linear PBWA collider assuming the energy and collision beamstrahlung are fixed parameters.

Noble, R.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Wakefields in photonic accelerator structures  

SciTech Connect

Control and manipulation of properties - such as vacuum modal confinement, spatial harmonic content, phase velocity, and group velocity - are reasons why an all-dielectric beam-driven accelerator would be expected to benefit by borrowing from the field of optical bandgap photonics. We outline the general conditions for coherent Cerenkov radiation in a photonic crystal, illustrated by three examples: two Bragg mirrors separated by a vacuum gap, a woodpile with a linear waveguide channel, and a stack of photonic slabs having a planar waveguide channel.

Naranjo, B.; Andonian, G.; Arab, E.; Barber, S.; Fitzmorris, K.; Fukusawa, A.; Hoang, P.; Mahapatra, S.; O'Shea, B.; Valloni, A.; Williams, O.; Yang, C.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Experimental Plans to Explore Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration in the THZ Regime  

SciTech Connect

Dielectric wakefield accelerators have shown great promise toward high-gradient acceleration. We investigate the performances of a possible experiment under consideration at the FLASH facility in DESY to explore wakefield acceleration with an enhanced transformer ratio. The experiment capitalizes on a unique pulse shaping capability recently demonstrated at this facility. In addition, the facility incorporates a superconducting linear accelerator that could generate bunch trains with closely spaced bunches thereby opening the exploration of potential dynamical effects in dielectric wakefield accelerators.

Lemery, F.; Mihalcea, D.; /Northern Illinois U.; Piot, P.; /Fermilab; Behrens, C.; Elsen, E.; Flottmann, K.; Gerth, C.; Kube, G.; Schmidt, B.; /DESY; Osterhoff, J.; /Hamburg U., Inst. Theor. Phys. II; Stoltz, P.

2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

High-energy lattice for first-beam operation of the SRF test accelerator at NML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Superconducting Radio Frequency Test Accelerator, a linear electron accelerator currently in construction at Fermilab's New Muon Laboratory, will eventually reach energies of {approx} 900 MeV using four ILC-type superconducting accelerating cryomodules. The accelerator's construction is staged according to cryomodules availability. The first phase that will support first beam operation incorporates one cryomodule. In this Note, we summarize a possible design for the first-beam accelerator configuration.

Prokop, C.; /NICADD, DeKalb; Piot, P.; /NICADD, DeKalb /Fermilab; Church, M.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Radiative Effects on Particle Acceleration via Relativistic Electromagnetic Expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the radiation effect on the diamagnetic relativistic pulse accelerator (DPRA) in two-and-half-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) plasma simulation with magnetized electron-positron plasmas. Radiation damping force is self-consistently calculated for each particle, which reduces the acceleration force and converts particle energy to radiation. The emitted radiation is strongly linearly polarized and peaked within few degrees from the direction of Poynting flux due to the relativistic acceleration by the DPRA.

Noguchi, K; Nishimura, K; Noguchi, Koichi; Liang, Edison; Nishimura, Kazumi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Electrostatic quadrupole focused particle accelerating assembly with laminar flow beam  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charged particle accelerating assembly provided with a predetermined ratio of parametric structural characteristics and with related operating voltages applied to each of its linearly spaced focusing and accelerating quadrupoles, thereby to maintain a particle beam traversing the electrostatic fields of the quadrupoles in the assembly in an essentially laminar flow through the assembly.

Maschke, A.W.

1984-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

432

STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER Winter 1999, Vol. 29, No. 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy. It has been my pleasure to collaborate with Hans D. Gouger, Kevan D. Weaver and J. Steven Herring

California at Santa Cruz, University of

433

2010 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annual Planning Summary for National Nuclear Security Administration Service Center (NNSA-SC) 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Nevada Site Office Energy.gov Careers & Internships...

434

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Stanford Linear Accelerator...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Center was established in 1962 as a research facility for high energy particle physics. The Environmental Management mission at this site is to clean up soils and...

435

Topology-aware data movement and staging for I/O acceleration on Blue Gene/P supercomputing systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing concern that I/O systems will be hard pressed to satisfy the requirements of future leadership-class machines. Even current machines are found to be I/O bound for some applications. In this paper, we identify existing performance bottlenecks ...

Venkatram Vishwanath; Mark Hereld; Vitali Morozov; Michael E. Papka

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

RHIC | Accelerator Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Accelerators RHIC Accelerators The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider complex is actually composed of a long "chain" of particle accelerators Heavy ions begin their travels in the Electron Beam Ion Source accelerator (1). The ions then travel to the small, circular Booster (3) where, with each pass, they are accelerated to higher energy. From the Booster, ions travel to the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (4), which then injects the beams via a beamline (5) into the two rings of RHIC (6). In RHIC, the beams get a final accelerator "kick up" in energy from radio waves. Once accelerated, the ions can "orbit" inside the rings for hours. RHIC can also conduct colliding-beam experiments with polarized protons. These are first accelerated in the Linac (2), and further in the Booster (3), AGS (4), and

437

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEM - GeV Electron Microtron (design report 1982) The GEM design report describes a novel six-sided CW microtron for accelerating electrons to 4 GeV. This accelerator design was...

438

SuperB Progress Report for Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details the progress made in by the SuperB Project in the area of the Collider since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008. With this document we propose a new electron positron colliding beam accelerator to be built in Italy to study flavor physics in the B-meson system at an energy of 10 GeV in the center-of-mass. This facility is called a high luminosity B-factory with a project name 'SuperB'. This project builds on a long history of successful e+e- colliders built around the world, as illustrated in Figure 1.1. The key advances in the design of this accelerator come from recent successes at the DAFNE collider at INFN in Frascati, Italy, at PEP-II at SLAC in California, USA, and at KEKB at KEK in Tsukuba Japan, and from new concepts in beam manipulation at the interaction region (IP) called 'crab waist'. This new collider comprises of two colliding beam rings, one at 4.2 GeV and one at 6.7 GeV, a common interaction region, a new injection system at full beam energies, and one of the two beams longitudinally polarized at the IP. Most of the new accelerator techniques needed for this collider have been achieved at other recently completed accelerators including the new PETRA-3 light source at DESY in Hamburg (Germany) and the upgraded DAFNE collider at the INFN laboratory at Frascati (Italy), or during design studies of CLIC or the International Linear Collider (ILC). The project is to be designed and constructed by a worldwide collaboration of accelerator and engineering staff along with ties to industry. To save significant construction costs, many components from the PEP-II collider at SLAC will be recycled and used in this new accelerator. The interaction region will be designed in collaboration with the particle physics detector to guarantee successful mutual use. The accelerator collaboration will consist of several groups at present universities and national laboratories. In Italy these may include INFN Frascati and the University of Pisa, in the United States SLAC, LBNL, BNL and several universities, in France IN2P3, LAPP, and Grenoble, in Russia BINP, in Poland Krakow University, and in the UK the Cockcroft Institute. The construction time for this collider is a total of about four years. The new tunnel can be bored in about a year. The new accelerator components can be built and installed in about 4 years. The shipping of components from PEP-II at SLAC to Italy will take about a year. A new linac and damping ring complex for the injector for the rings can be built in about three years. The commissioning of this new accelerator will take about a year including the new electron and positron sources, new linac, new damping ring, new beam transport lines, two new collider rings and the Interaction Region. The new particle physics detector can be commissioned simultaneously with the accelerator. Once beam collisions start for particle physics, the luminosity will increase with time, likely reaching full design specifications after about two to three years of operation. After construction, the operation of the collider will be the responsibility of the Italian INFN governmental agency. The intent is to run this accelerator about ten months each year with about one month for accelerator turn-on and nine months for colliding beams. The collider will need to operate for about 10 years to provide the required 50 ab{sup -1} requested by the detector collaboration. Both beams as anticipated in this collider will have properties that are excellent for use as sources for synchrotron radiation (SR). The expected photon properties are comparable to those of PETRA-3 or NSLS-II. The beam lines and user facilities needed to carry out this SR program are being investigated.

Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Buonomo, B.; Demma, T.; Drago, A.; Esposito, M.; Guiducci, S.; Mazzitelli, G.; Pellegrino, L.; Preger, M.A.; Raimondi, P.; Ricci, R.; Rotundo, U.; Sanelli, C.; Serio, M.; Stella, A.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Brachman, A.; /SLAC /Novosibirsk, IYF /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Orsay, LAL /Annecy, LAPP /LPSC, Grenoble /IRFU, SPP, Saclay /DESY /Cockroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /U. Liverpool /CERN

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

439

Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment More Documents &...

440

Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report James Petrecky Plug Power 968 Albany Shaker Road Latham, NY 12110 Phone: (518) 782-7700 ext: 1799 Email: james_petrecky@plugpower.com DOE Managers HQ: Jason Marcinkoski Phone: (202) 586-7466 Email: Jason.Marcinkoski@ee.doe.gov GO: Reg Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Subcontractor: IdaTech LLC, Bend, OR Project Start Date: October 1, 2009 Project End Date: September 15, 2013 Objectives Quantify the performance of 20 low-temperature fuel * cell systems at two locations Optimize the maintenance of the systems and data * collection practices The project is intended to increase distributed power * generation, improve reliability and efficiency of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "linear accelerator system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Far field acceleration  

SciTech Connect

Far fields are propagating electromagnetic waves far from their source, boundary surfaces, and free charges. The general principles governing the acceleration of charged particles by far fields are reviewed. A survey of proposed field configurations is given. The two most important schemes, Inverse Cerenkov acceleration and Inverse free electron laser acceleration, are discussed in detail.

Fernow, R.C.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

What is an accelerator operator?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is an accelerator operator? First I'll explain the education one must have in order to be considered for an Accelerator Operator position. Jefferson Lab's typical Accelerator...

443

Linear Thermite Charge  

The Linear Thermite Charge (LTC) is designed to rapidly cut through concrete and steel structural components by using extremely high temperature thermite reactions jetted through a linear nozzle. 

444

Linear Solar Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new approach to study the properties of the sun. We consider small variations of the physical and chemical properties of the sun with respect to Standard Solar Model predictions and we linearize the structure equations to relate them to the properties of the solar plasma. By assuming that the (variation of) the present solar composition can be estimated from the (variation of) the nuclear reaction rates and elemental diffusion efficiency in the present sun, we obtain a linear system of ordinary differential equations which can be used to calculate the response of the sun to an arbitrary modification of the input parameters (opacity, cross sections, etc.). This new approach is intended to be a complement to the traditional methods for solar model calculation and allows to investigate in a more efficient and transparent way the role of parameters and assumptions in solar model construction. We verify that these Linear Solar Models recover the predictions of the traditional solar models with an high...

Villante, F L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors. ComPASS is in the first year of executing its plan to develop the next-generation HPC accelerator modeling tools. ComPASS aims to develop an integrated simulation environment that will utilize existing and new accelerator physics modules with petascale capabilities, by employing modern computing and solver technologies. The ComPASS vision is to deliver to accelerator scientists a virtual accelerator and virtual prototyping modeling environment, with the necessary multiphysics, multiscale capabilities. The plan for this development includes delivering accelerator modeling applications appropriate for each stage of the ComPASS software evolution. Such applications are already being used to address challenging problems in accelerator design and optimization. The ComPASS organization for software development and applications accounts for the natural domain areas (beam dynamics, electromagnetics, and advanced acceleration), and all areas depend on the enabling technologies activities, such as solvers and component technology, to deliver the desired performance and integrated simulation environment. The ComPASS applications focus on computationally challenging problems important for design or performance optimization to all major HEP, NP, and BES accelerator facilities. With the cost and complexity of particle accelerators rising, the use of computation to optimize their designs and find improved operating regimes becomes essential, potentially leading to significant cost savings with modest investment.

Spentzouris, P.; /Fermilab; Cary, J.; /Tech-X, Boulder; McInnes, L.C.; /Argonne; Mori, W.; /UCLA; Ng, C.; /SLAC; Ng, E.; Ryne, R.; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

446

Physics considerations for laser-plasma linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

Physics considerations for a next-generation linear collider based on laser-plasma accelerators are discussed. The ultra-high accelerating gradient of a laser-plasma accelerator and short laser coupling distance between accelerator stages allows for a compact linac. Two regimes of laser-plasma acceleration are discussed. The highly nonlinear regime has the advantages of higher accelerating fields and uniform focusing forces, whereas the quasi-linear regime has the advantage of symmetric accelerating properties for electrons and positrons. Scaling of various accelerator and collider parameters with respect to plasma density and laser wavelength are derived. Reduction of beamstrahlung effects implies the use of ultra-short bunches of moderate charge. The total linac length scales inversely with the square root of the plasma density, whereas the total power scales proportional to the square root of the density. A 1 TeV center-of-mass collider based on stages using a plasma density of 10{sup 17} cm{sup -3} requires tens of J of laser energy per stage (using 1 {micro}m wavelength lasers) with tens of kHz repetition rate. Coulomb scattering and synchrotron radiation are examined and found not to significantly degrade beam quality. A photon collider based on laser-plasma accelerated beams is also considered. The requirements for the scattering laser energy are comparable to those of a single laser-plasma accelerator stage.

Schroeder, Carl; Esarey, Eric; Geddes, Cameron; Benedetti, Carlo; Leemans, Wim

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

447

YALINA facility a sub-critical Accelerator- Driven System (ADS) for nuclear energy research facility description and an overview of the research program (1997-2008).  

SciTech Connect

The YALINA facility is a zero-power, sub-critical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was conceived, constructed, and put into operation at the Radiation Physics and Chemistry Problems Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus located in Minsk-Sosny, Belarus. This facility was conceived for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven sub-critical systems, and to serve as a neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinide nuclei. This report provides a detailed description of this facility and documents the progress of research carried out there during a period of approximately a decade since the facility was conceived and built until the end of 2008. During its history of development and operation to date (1997-2008), the YALINA facility has hosted several foreign groups that worked with the resident staff as collaborators. The participation of Argonne National Laboratory in the YALINA research programs commenced in 2005. For obvious reasons, special emphasis is placed in this report on the work at YALINA facility that has involved Argonne's participation. Attention is given here to the experimental program at YALINA facility as well as to analytical investigations aimed at validating codes and computational procedures and at providing a better understanding of the physics and operational behavior of the YALINA facility in particular, and ADS systems in general, during the period 1997-2008.

Gohar, Y.; Smith, D. L.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

448

Cohesion: a hybrid memory model for accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two broad classes of memory models are available today: models with hardware cache coherence, used in conventional chip multiprocessors, and models that rely upon software to manage coherence, found in compute accelerators. In some systems, both types ... Keywords: accelerator, cache coherence, computer architecture

John H. Kelm; Daniel R. Johnson; William Tuohy; Steven S. Lumetta; Sanjay J. Patel

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Homepage Lee Teng Scholarship Program USPAS Argonne Department of Education Fermilab Education Office For Students Many scientific advances are made using accelerators. The world of High Energy Particle Physics has driven this field and continues to depend largely on accelerators. Increasingly advances in materials science, chemistry, biology and environmental science are being made at accelerators using x-ray and neutrons to probe matter. Accelerators have a number of commercial applications including isotope production for use in medicine, cancer treatment, processing semiconductor chips, and so on. Presently there are around 15,000 accelerators worldwide. Approximately 97% of these are used for commercial applications. However several hundred are in use

450

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Director of Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Committee on Appropriations asked the US Department of Energy (DOE) to submit a strategic plan for accelerator R&D by June 2012. The DOE asked me to lead a task force to...

451

INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ULTRAFAST ACCELERATORS FOR PULSE RADIOLYSIS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and poster set-up 8:20 Introductory remarks (J. F. Wishart, J. R. Miller) Session I: Ultrafast radiolysis facilities: Photocathode systems (Including accelerator system designs...

452

Acceleration in astrophysics  

SciTech Connect

The origin of cosmic rays and applicable laboratory experiments are discussed. Some of the problems of shock acceleration for the production of cosmic rays are discussed in the context of astrophysical conditions. These are: The presumed unique explanation of the power law spectrum is shown instead to be a universal property of all lossy accelerators; the extraordinary isotropy of cosmic rays and the limited diffusion distances implied by supernova induced shock acceleration requires a more frequent and space-filling source than supernovae; the near perfect adiabaticity of strong hydromagnetic turbulence necessary for reflecting the accelerated particles each doubling in energy roughly 10{sup 5} to {sup 6} scatterings with negligible energy loss seems most unlikely; the evidence for acceleration due to quasi-parallel heliosphere shocks is weak. There is small evidence for the expected strong hydromagnetic turbulence, and instead, only a small number of particles accelerate after only a few shock traversals; the acceleration of electrons in the same collisionless shock that accelerates ions is difficult to reconcile with the theoretical picture of strong hydromagnetic turbulence that reflects the ions. The hydromagnetic turbulence will appear adiabatic to the electrons at their much higher Larmor frequency and so the electrons should not be scattered incoherently as they must be for acceleration. Therefore the electrons must be accelerated by a different mechanism. This is unsatisfactory, because wherever electrons are accelerated these sites, observed in radio emission, may accelerate ions more favorably. The acceleration is coherent provided the reconnection is coherent, in which case the total flux, as for example of collimated radio sources, predicts single charge accelerated energies much greater than observed.

Colgate, S.A.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators is essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modeling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multi-physics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science And Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators And Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

455

Accelerator Operators and Software Development  

SciTech Connect

At Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, accelerator operators perform tasks in their areas of specialization in addition to their machine operations duties. One crucial area in which operators contribute is software development. Operators with programming skills are uniquely qualified to develop certain controls applications because of their expertise in the day-to-day operation of the accelerator. Jefferson Lab is one of the few laboratories that utilizes the skills and knowledge of operators to create software that enhances machine operations. Through the programs written; by operators, Jefferson Lab has improved machine efficiency and beam availability. Because many of these applications involve automation of procedures and need graphical user interfaces, the scripting language Tcl and the Tk toolkit have been adopted. In addition to automation, some operator-developed applications are used for information distribution. For this purpose, several standard web development tools such as perl, VBScript, and ASP are used. Examples of applications written by operators include injector steering, spin angle changes, system status reports, magnet cycling routines, and quantum efficiency measurements. This paper summarizes how the unique knowledge of accelerator operators has contributed to the success of the Jefferson Lab control system. *This work was supported by the U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC05-84-ER40150.

April Miller; Michele Joyce

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

18.06 Linear Algebra, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic subject on matrix theory and linear algebra, emphasizing topics useful in other disciplines, including systems of equations, vector spaces, determinants, eigenvalues, similarity, and positive definite matrices. ...

Strang, Gilbert

457

Closing the Gap in Control System Implementations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Continuous-Time Linear Control Systems . . . . .Discrete-Time Linear Control Systems . . . . . . . . . . .

Saha, Indranil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator Institute (AAI) has established a special collection of archived documents which describe notable Argonne accelerator work of the past 50 years. A list of such Argonne Accelerator Projects is given below. Each project is described briefly, with links to archived documents in this collection. This collection includes important Argonne accelerator documents which may have become difficult to locate, as well as ones which have broad scope. In keeping with its historical purpose, this collection only covers work done 10 or more years ago. Many of the listed documents are available online. We hope to make more of them available online in the future. [For several of the projects, interesting additional online documents can be found by

459

accelerators for ATI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Accelerator Analogs Building Accelerator Analogs Some QuarkNet centers have built "accelerators." No, they are not real but can be used as analogs to real particle accelerators. The real learning comes, of course, when you plan and experiment on your own, but this may give you some starting points. Things to Think About What are your objectives? To make an analogy for particle accelerators? To use classical physics qualitatively? To use classical physics quantitatively? To measure forces, speed, etc.? _______________ Who is your target audience— in an Associate Teacher Institute or their students or both? What do the participants need to know before beginning? Jawbreaker Accelerator Pressurized gas shoots jawbreakers through PVC pipe into a fixed target (brick) or into each other. The original speeds and masses are measured as are those of the resulting particles.

460

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission Mission The mission of the Argonne Accelerator Institute is centered upon the following related goals: Locate next generation accelerator facilities in Northern Illinois Advance accelerator technology Oversee a selected, strategic, lab-wide, and acclaimed accelerator R&D portfolio In order to accomplish the above goals, the institute has established five objectives. These are coupled to programmatic objectives, and are dependent on each other, but they serve to identify important areas for the institute to focus its activities. Educate the "next generation" of accelerator physicists and engineers Work with area Universities to establish Joint Appointments and Adjunct Professorships Identify students Provide research opportunities at Argonne Work with the US Particle Accelerator School

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome In 2006, Argonne laboratory director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. I invite you to look around the content of this web site. Accelerators at Argonne describes our rich heritage in this field, particularly with respect to the development and support of user facilities. Initiatives describes the things we are hoping to do, and Research & Development discusses our research portfolio. If you are a graduate or undergraduate student wishing to pursue a career in accelerator science or technology, please see Educational

462

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radiofrequency-powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z