Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Innovative Feed-In Tariff Designs that Limit Policy Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most prevalent renewable energy policy used globally to date, and there are many benefits to the certainty offered in the marketplace to reduce development risks and associated financing costs and to grow the renewable energy industry. However, concerns over escalating costs in jurisdictions with FIT policies have led to increased attention on cost control in renewable energy policy design. In recent years, policy mechanisms for containing FIT costs have become more refined, allowing policymakers to exert greater control on policy outcomes and on the resulting costs to ratepayers. As policymakers and regulators in the United States begin to explore the use of FITs, careful consideration must be given to the ways in which policy design can be used to balance the policies' advantages while bounding its costs. This report explores mechanisms that policymakers have implemented to limit FIT policy costs. If designed clearly and transparently, such mechanisms can align policymaker and market expectations for project deployment. Three different policy tools are evaluated: (1) caps, (2) payment level adjustment mechanisms, and (3) auction-based designs. The report employs case studies to explore the strengths and weaknesses of these three cost containment tools. These tools are then evaluated with a set of criteria including predictability for policymakers and the marketplace and the potential for unintended consequences.

Kreycik, C.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

''Measuring the Costs of Climate Change Policies''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of the costs of climate change policies have utilized a variety of measures or metrics for summarizing costs. The leading economic models have utilized GNP, GDP, the ''area under a marginal cost curve,'' the discounted present value of consumption, and a welfare measure taken directly from the utility function of the model's representative agent (the ''Equivalent Variation''). Even when calculated using a single model, these metrics do not necessarily give similar magnitudes of costs or even rank policies consistently. This paper discusses in non-technical terms the economic concepts lying behind each concept, the theoretical basis for expecting each measure to provide a consistent ranking of policies, and the reasons why different measures provide different rankings. It identifies a method of calculating the ''Equivalent Variation'' as theoretically superior to the other cost metrics in ranking policies. When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P.M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Quantifying the cost uncertainty of climate stabilization policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change researchers are often asked to evaluate potential economic effects of climate stabilization policies. Policy costs are particularly important because policymakers use a cost/benefit framework to analyze ...

Franck, Travis Read

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Benefit-cost assessment of aviation environmental policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aids in the development of a framework in which to conduct global benefit-cost assessments of aviation policies. Current policy analysis tools, such as the aviation environmental portfolio management tool (APMT), ...

Gilmore, Christopher K. (Christopher Kenneth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis ­ Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute congestion is considered one of the most significant transportation problems. The capacity of a road depends, Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering, 13th Edition, Institute of Transportation Studies, UBC (Berkeley; www

O'Donnell, Tom

6

BIOMASS FOR HYDROGEN AND OTHER TRANSPORT FUELS -POTENTIALS, LIMITATIONS & COSTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOMASS FOR HYDROGEN AND OTHER TRANSPORT FUELS - POTENTIALS, LIMITATIONS & COSTS Senior scientist - "Towards Hydrogen Society" ·biomass resources - potentials, limits ·biomass carbon cycle ·biomass for hydrogen - as compared to other H2- sources and to other biomass paths #12;BIOMASS - THE CARBON CYCLE

7

Sunk costs and sunk benefits in environmental policy : I. basic theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard framework in which economists evaluate environmental policies is cost-benefit analysis, so that policy debates usually focus on expected costs and benefits, or on the choice of discount rate. But this framework ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Solar panels are cost intensive, have limitations with respect to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantage of being able to convert sunlight into clean energy. After the glass is coated, we install clean electricity. Advantages · Building-integratable. · Contributes to EU targets towards energySolar panels are cost intensive, have limitations with respect to where they can be integrated

Langendoen, Koen

9

Energy Policy 34 (2006) 32183232 Beyond the learning curve: factors influencing cost reductions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 34 (2006) 32183232 Beyond the learning curve: factors influencing cost reductions-reducing improvements in low-carbon energy systems are important sources of uncertainty in future levels of greenhouse-gas emissions. Models that assess the costs of climate change mitigation policy, and energy policy in general

Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Mandating green: On the design of renewable fuel policies and cost containment mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mandating green: On the design of renewable fuel policies and cost containment mechanisms Gabriel E Workshop and at the Stanford University Precourt Energy Efficiency Center Sustainable Transportation

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

11

Policy Flash 2014-26 Acquisition Guide Chapter 70.31A - Costs...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 Acquisition Guide Chapter 70.31A - Costs Associated with Whistleblower Actions Policy Flash 2014-26 Acquisition Guide Chapter 70.31A - Costs Associated with Whistleblower Actions...

12

Cost-Energy Dynamics: An Engineering - Economic Basis for Industrial Energy Conservation Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper develops a theory called cost-energy dynamics that can be used to shape policies for industrial energy conservation. It is built on two hypotheses commonly observed in process engineering; namely, cost varies as positive power function...

Phung, D. L.; van Gool, W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Does the Social Cost of Carbon Matter?: Evidence from U.S. Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does the Social Cost of Carbon Matter?: Evidence from U.S. Policy Robert W. Hahn and Robert A. Ritz November 2013 JLS Revision: August 2014 Keywords: benefit-cost analysis, regulation, innovation, social cost of carbon; climate policy... at the European University Institute. The authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this paper. Abstract We evaluate a recent U.S. initiative to include the social cost of carbon (SCC) in regulatory decisions. To our knowledge, this paper...

Hahn, Robert W.; Ritz, Robert A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ISU Sponsored Programs Costing Policy Iowa State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

what costs are allowable on federally funded grants, contracts and cooperative agreements (collectively). These federal regulations require that the same types of costs be treated consistently as either direct costs and various sponsor rules and regulations. II. Definitions Direct Costs OMB Circular A-21, Section D.1, states

Daniels, Thomas E.

15

Cost Effectiveness of CO2 Mitigation Technologies and Policies in the Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i Cost Effectiveness of CO2 Mitigation Technologies and Policies in the Electricity Sector. The costs and benefits of low carbon technology options are unique and affect different market participants in different ways. In this thesis, we examine the cost effectiveness of carbon mitigation technologies

16

Computing (r, Q) Policy for an Inventory System with Limited Sharable Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing (r, Q) Policy for an Inventory System with Limited Sharable Resource Xiaobo Zhao1 with an inventory system with limited resource for a single item or multiple items under continuous review (r, Q) policies. For the single-item system with a stochastic demand, a constant lead time, and limited resource

Xie, Jinxing

17

Final Technical Report Power through Policy: "Best Practices" for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The project's final products include the Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool, found at www.windpolicytool.org, and its accompanying documentation: Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool Guidebook: User Instructions, Assumptions, and Case Studies. With only two initial user inputs required, the Policy Tool allows users to adjust and test a wide range of policy-related variables through a user-friendly dashboard interface with slider bars. The Policy Tool is populated with a variety of financial variables, including turbine costs, electricity rates, policies, and financial incentives; economic variables including discount and escalation rates; as well as technical variables that impact electricity production, such as turbine power curves and wind speed. The Policy Tool allows users to change many of the variables, including the policies, to gauge the expected impacts that various policy combinations could have on the cost of energy (COE), net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and the simple payback of distributed wind projects ranging in size from 2.4 kilowatts (kW) to 100 kW. The project conducted case studies to demonstrate how the Policy Tool can provide insights into 'what if' scenarios and also allow the current status of incentives to be examined or defended when necessary. The ranking of distributed wind state policy and economic environments summarized in the attached report, based on the Policy Tool's default COE results, highlights favorable market opportunities for distributed wind growth as well as market conditions ripe for improvement. Best practices for distributed wind state policies are identified through an evaluation of their effect on improving the bottom line of project investments. The case studies and state rankings were based on incentives, power curves, and turbine pricing as of 2010, and may not match the current results from the Policy Tool. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE's '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets. In providing a simple and easy-to-use policy comparison tool that estimates financial performance, the Policy Tool and guidebook are expected to enhance market expansion by the small wind industry by increasing and refining the understanding of distributed wind costs, policy best practices, and key market opportunities in all 50 states. This comprehensive overview and customized software to quickly calculate and compare policy scenarios represent a fundamental step in allowing policymakers to see how their decisions impact the bottom line for distributed wind consumers, while estimating the relative advantages of different options available in their policy toolboxes. Interested stakeholders have suggested numerous ways to enhance and expand the initial effort to develop an even more user-friendly Policy Tool and guidebook, including the enhancement and expansion of the current tool, and conducting further analysis. The report and the project's Guidebook include further details on possible next steps. NREL Report No. BK-5500-53127; DOE/GO-102011-3453.

Rhoads-Weaver, Heather; Gagne, Matthew; Sahl, Kurt; Orrell, Alice; Banks, Jennifer

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

18

Primary aluminum production : climate policy, emissions and costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy regarding perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may have a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates an integrated analysis of the effectiveness and likely ...

Harnisch, Jochen.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.

19

INDIRECT COSTS OF RESEARCH University Policy No: FM5400  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recoveries towards the indirect costs associated with externally funded Research conducted at the University Research Funding Agreements supported by external funds; to all University Members as defined Funding Agreements). Distribution 10.00 The Indirect Costs recovered by the university from Research

Victoria, University of

20

Energy Policy 34 (2006) 16451658 Technological learning and renewable energy costs: implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity cost estimates used in energy policy planning models. Sensitivities of the learning rates: Learning by doing; Renewable energy costs; Research expenditures 1. Introduction Changes in the electricity,000 MW by 2000 (McVeigh et al., 1999). Analysts in the private sector produced similar scenarios

Vermont, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Cost of Climate Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the cost of meeting emissions reduction targets consistent with a G8 proposal of a 50 percent global reduction in emissions by 2050, and an Obama Administration proposal of an 80 percent reduction over this ...

Morris, Jennifer F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Induced technical change and the cost of climate policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the potential for a carbon tax to induce R&D, and for the consequent induced technical change (ITC) to lower the macroeconomic cost of abating carbon emissions. ITC is modelled within a general ...

Sue Wing, Ian.

23

The Cost of Climate Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the cost of meeting emissions reduction targets consistent with a G8 proposal of a 50 percent global reduction in emissions by 2050, and an Obama Administration proposal of an 80 percent reduction over this ...

Morris, Jennifer F.

24

Appendix C: Cost of Climate Policy and the Waxman-Markey American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454)1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix C: Cost of Climate Policy and the Waxman-Markey American Clean Energy and Security Act The American Clean Energy and Security Act (H.R.2454) passed the House of Representatives after the completion standard (RES), limits on new coal power plants and support for carbon capture and storage(CCS), applying

25

SDSU RESEARCH FOUNDATION COST SHARING POLICY AND PROCEDURES The purpose of these guidelines is to provide direction in accumulating and reporting cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SDSU RESEARCH FOUNDATION COST SHARING POLICY AND PROCEDURES PURPOSE The purpose of these guidelines represent the recipient's (that is, SDSU, the Campanile Foundation, or SDSU Research Foundation) cash outlay and/or non-Federal third parties. POLICY: It is the policy of the Foundation and the University

Ponce, V. Miguel

27

On the Power and Limitations of Affine Policies in Two-Stage Adaptive Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a two-stage adaptive linear optimization problem under right hand side uncertainty with a minmax objective and give a sharp characterization of the power and limitations of affine policies (where the second ...

Bertsimas, Dimitris J.

28

Cost and U.S. public policy for new coal power plants with carbon capture and sequestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides a financial analysis for new supercritical pulverized coal plants with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) that compares the effects of two relevant climate policies. First, an updated cost estimate ...

Hamilton, Michael R.

29

Limiting sediment deposition on roadways: topographic controls on vulnerable roads and cost analysis of planting grass buffer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limiting sediment deposition on roadways: topographic controls on vulnerable roads and cost and summer storms lead to large scale sediment deposition on roadways, and cleanup costs are a major concern characteristics which control sediment deposition on roadways in order to compare the cost of planting grass

Boyer, Edmond

30

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards:A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State renewables portfolio standards (RPS) have emerged as one of the most important policy drivers of renewable energy capacity expansion in the U.S. Collectively, these policies now apply to roughly 40% of U.S. electricity load, and may have substantial impacts on electricity markets, ratepayers, and local economies. As RPS policies have been proposed or adopted in an increasing number of states, a growing number of studies have attempted to quantify the potential impacts of these policies, focusing primarily on projecting cost impacts, but sometimes also estimating macroeconomic and environmental effects. This report synthesizes and analyzes the results and methodologies of 28 distinct state or utility-level RPS cost impact analyses completed since 1998. Together, these studies model proposed or adopted RPS policies in 18 different states. We highlight the key findings of these studies on the costs and benefits of RPS policies, examine the sensitivity of projected costs to model assumptions, assess the attributes of different modeling approaches, and suggest possible areas of improvement for future RPS analysis.

Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

31

Financing end-use solar technologies in a restructured electricity industry: Comparing the cost of public policies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Renewable energy technologies are capital intensive. Successful public policies for promoting renewable energy must address the significant resources needed to finance them. Public policies to support financing for renewable energy technologies must pay special attention to interactions with federal, state, and local taxes. These interactions are important because they can dramatically increase or decrease the effectiveness of a policy, and they determine the total cost of a policy to society as a whole. This report describes a comparative analysis of the cost of public policies to support financing for two end-use solar technologies: residential solar domestic hot water heating (SDHW) and residential rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems. The analysis focuses on the cost of the technologies under five different ownership and financing scenarios. Four scenarios involve leasing the technologies to homeowners in return for a payment that is determined by the financing requirements of each form of ownership. For each scenario, the authors examine nine public policies that might be used to lower the cost of these technologies: investment tax credits (federal and state), production tax credits (federal and state), production incentives, low-interest loans, grants (taxable and two types of nontaxable), direct customer payments, property and sales tax reductions, and accelerated depreciation.

Jones, E.; Eto, J.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward MoreComprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity RestructuringPolicies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past three years, government and private organizations have issued more than a dozen studies of the benefits and costs of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). Most of these studies have focused on benefits that can be readily estimated using traditional production-cost simulation techniques, which compare the cost of centralized dispatch under an RTO to dispatch in the absence of an RTO, and on costs associated with RTO start-up and operation. Taken as a whole, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from these studies because they have not examined potentially much larger benefits (and costs) resulting from the impacts of RTOs on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: (1) Describes the history of benefit-cost analysis of FERC electricity restructuring policies; (2)Reviews current practice by analyzing 11 RTO benefit-cost studies that were published between 2002 and 2004 and makes recommendations to improve the documentation of data and methods and the presentation of findings in future studies that focus primarily on estimating short-run economic impacts; and (3) Reviews important impacts of FERC policies that have been overlooked or incompletely treated by recent RTO benefit-cost studies and the challenges to crafting more comprehensive assessments of these impacts based on actual performance, including impacts on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation.

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Primary Aluminum Production: Climate Policy, Emissions and Costs Jochen Harnisch, Ian Sue Wing, Henry D. Jacoby and Ronald G. Prinn*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primary Aluminum Production: Climate Policy, Emissions and Costs Jochen Harnisch, Ian Sue Wing a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates for the baseline years 1990 and 1995. We then present projections for regional emissions of PFCs from the aluminum

34

Impacts of motor vehicle operation on water quality - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enforcement, and economic incentives. In general, preventingtransportation; economic incentives; environmental policy.education campaigns, economic incentives, and enforcement. 2

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cost-effectiveness analysis of effluent standards and limitations for the metal finishing industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes the results of a cost-effectiveness analysis of the metal finishing industry. The analysis considers the cost-effectiveness of the final metal finishing regulations for direct and indirect dischargers.

Not Available

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Economics and Policies for Carbon Capture and Sequestration in the Western United States: A Marginal Cost Analysis of Potential Power Plant Deployment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital costs. Capacity factors and the impact of carbon prices vary considerably by plant location: A Marginal Cost Analysis of Potential Power Plant Deployment by Gary Shu B.S., Electrical Engineering;Economics and Policies for Carbon Capture and Sequestration in the Western United States: A Marginal Cost

37

Innovative Feed-In Tariff Designs that Limit Policy Costs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie,Infield CapitalEnergyInnogrow

38

Global terrestrial uranium supply and its policy implications : a probabilistic projection of future uranium costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An accurate outlook on long-term uranium resources is critical in forecasting uranium costresource relationships, and for energy policy planning as regards the development and deployment of nuclear fuel cycle alternatives. ...

Matthews, Isaac A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A chronological probabilistic production cost model to evaluate the reliability contribution of limited energy plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The growth of renewables in power systems has reinvigorated research and regulatory interest in reliability analysis algorithms such as the Baleriaux/Booth convolution-based probabilistic production cost (PPC) model. ...

Leung, Tommy (Tommy Chun Ting)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online Policy. Mission statement. Optimization Online is a repository of eprints about optimization and related topics. It facilitates quick...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Utility planning using least-cost principles and the role of externalities - staff report on a Keystone policy dialogue  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For over two years, The Keystone Center facilitated a two-phase dialogue on Utility Planning Using Least-Cost Principles and, in the second phase, on the role of Externalities. The intent of this report is to assist policy-makers faced with decisions about changes to traditional utility regulation and planning. This report is not a consensus document, rather it is staff written summary of two years of discussion on the issues. As a concept, least-cost planning has been discussed since the 1970`s and many states have implemented such programs since the mid-1980`s. Yet, the actual goals and objectives of least-cost planning remain a source of controversy between affected interest groups. Some industry observers believe that least-cost planning can help reconcile the often conflicting demands between increased capacity requirements and concerns about the external costs of power production. In traditional utility regulation practices, capital investments are rewarded and revenue is a direct function of sales. However, a number state public utility commissions have altered their practices to allow for returns on investments in more efficient end-use equipment (also known as ratebasing conservation) and adjusting revenues to account for sales lost due to utility conservation programs. Other states are planning these types of changes. Still others are observing the impacts of the changes before they commit.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Limiter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A limiter with a specially contoured front face is provided. The front face of the limiter (the plasma-side face) is flat with a central indentation. In addition, the limiter shape is cylindrically symmetric so that the limiter can be rotated for greater heat distribution. This limiter shape accommodates the various power scrape-off distances lambda p, which depend on the parallel velocity, V/sub parallel/, of the impacting particles.

Cohen, S.A.; Hosea, J.C.; Timberlake, J.R.

1984-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

43

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13. Washington, D.C. : Renewable Energy Policy Project. (Commissioners. Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP). 2001.impacts of RPS policies on renewable energy deployment by

Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The welfare costs of hybrid carbon policies in the European Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To what extent do the welfare costs associated with the implementation of the Burden Sharing Agreement in the European Union depend on sectoral allocation of emissions rights? What are the prospects for strategic climate ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Viguier, Laurent L.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Criqui, Patrick.

45

Further Sensitivity Analysis of Hypothetical Policies to Limit Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis supplements the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 alternative cases which imposed hypothetical carbon dioxide emission fees on fossil fuel consumers. It offers further cases that examine the impacts of fees placed only on the emissions from electric power facilities, impacts of returning potential revenues to consumers, and two cap-and-trade policies.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Cost-Energy Dynamics of Thermal Insulation: Potential Energy Savings and Policy Recommendations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at that point, we shall designate p as price for simplicity. If Po is the price at "pres~nt," y is the escalation rate, x is the effective cost of money used for discounting, and N is the life cycle, KE(E) is N i p (l + y) E (3a)0 ~(E) (l + x)l i=1... VALUESII' OF ZI' price factor is defined as ZE =*~ (i :~) i Discount Rate 1 x (yr-1) where and Planning Horizon N (years) CRF (x,N) _rate N = y = annual fuel escalation rate x...

Phung, D. L.; Plaza, H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Space Temperature Policy This document seeks to clarify the position regarding internal space temperature limits that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It should be noted that it is the responsibility of local managers for the welfare of their staff action to be taken. Space Temperatures Limits The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) has stated by air temperature alone. The HSE considers 80% of occupants as a reasonable limit for the minimum number

Chittka, Lars

48

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

penetration (Giebel 2005). Wind integration costs represent2005. Large Scale Integration of Wind Energy in the Europeanincreases in wind costs; Transmission and integration costs

Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

POLICY  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory May 3,3, 2013 POLICY *

50

POLICY  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory May 3,3, 2013 POLICY *November

51

Policies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar Home Design Passive SolarCenterYou are here:andPoints ofPolaronPolicies

52

''When Cost Measures Contradict''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P. M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data, the highest capital cost estimate in the 2010-2015multiply initial capital cost estimates by up to a factor ofand projected wind capital cost estimates from EPRI/DOE

Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Cost-effective particulate control options at Potomac Electric Power Company's Dickerson Station: An integrated approach to current and future particulate limits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Dickerson Generating Station evaluated several particulate control options to identify the most cost-effective option. The study's goals were to: eliminate the particulate scrubber and its high maintenance costs, and incorporate flexibility for low-sulfur coal and possible stricter emission limits. Each of the three Dickerson 190 MW units has a small 37-year-old electrostatic precipitator and a wet particulate scrubber. The study evaluated alternatives to replace the scrubber and enhance ESP performance: Existing ESP alternatives--Extend height of existing ESP; Flue gas conditioning. Scrubber stream alternatives--Partial-flow ESP or pulse jet baghouse. Full-flow alternatives--Supplemental ESP; COHPAC baghouse; replacement ESP or baghouse. A technical and economic prescreening eliminated some of the options. Capital, operating, and life cycle costs were estimated for the remaining options to determine the most cost-effective alternative. This paper will present the technical and economic evaluations done for this study, including performance and costs.

Christoffersen, S.W.; Rouse, G.T.; Krasnopoler, M.J.; Chapowski, J.A.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3. Regional transmission pricing. 4. Retail access. 5.cost. Regional transmission pricing is designed to make each

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Policy Title: Policy Number: Facilities and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been supported by the federal government since that time. Indirect costs are also called "Facilities and Administrative" or F&A costs. These costs include facilities costs such as electricity, heating and airPolicy Title: Policy Number: Facilities and Administrative Distribution 2.1.11 Category: Financial

Papautsky, Ian

57

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chicago, Illinois: Energy Resources Center, University ofImpacts of Clean Energy Development in Illinois.Illinois and Vermont have established voluntary RPS policies. In addition to Xcels renewable energy

Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Laboratory. Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP).13. Washington, D.C. : Renewable Energy Policy Project. (of state RPS policies on renewable energy deployment by

Chen, Cliff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Impacts of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality in the United States - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Squillace, P. J. (2005). MTBE and gasoline hydrocarbonsP. J. (2004). The risk of MTBE relative to other VOCs inEPA to Settle Santa Monica MTBE Cleanup Costs, Press release

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Combining a renewable portfolio standard with a cap-and-trade policy : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most economists see incentive-based measures such a cap-and-trade system or a carbon tax as cost effective policy instruments for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In actuality, many efforts to address GHG emissions combine ...

Morris Jennifer F. (Jennifer Faye)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cost-and Energy-Aware Load Distribution Across Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

centers powered by green energy (possibly limited) Solution approaches Optimization-based Heuristic that particular hour Policy GreenDC Cost of green energy, if green energy not yet exhausted Cost of energy during;Effect of Green Data Centers 35% brown = 3% cost 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 Cost Brown Energy

62

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable resources and avoided costs. Section 7 summarizes,renewable energy and the avoided cost of conventional fuelsdispatch model of utility avoided cost using reference case-

Chen, Cliff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005. Large Scale Integration of Wind Energy in the Europeanincreases in wind costs; Transmission and integration costs

Chen, Cliff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

POLICY SECTIONS POLICY OFFICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY SECTIONS POLICY OFFICE POLICIES FORMS PROCEDURES UNIVERSITY POLICY #12;guide to WRITING POLICIES Administrative policies align opera- tions, set behavior expectations across the University system and communicate policy roles and responsibilities. You, as the policy owner or writer, have the important task

Minnesota, University of

65

Water Use in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS): Geology of U.S. Stimulation Projects, Water Costs, and Alternative Water Use Policies  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), geothermal energy generation in the United States is projected to more than triple by 2040 (EIA 2013). This addition, which translates to more than 5 GW of generation capacity, is anticipated because of technological advances and an increase in available sources through the continued development of enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs) and low-temperature resources (EIA 2013). Studies have shown that air emissions, water consumption, and land use for geothermal electricity generation have less of an impact than traditional fossil fuel?based electricity generation; however, the long-term sustainability of geothermal power plants can be affected by insufficient replacement of aboveground or belowground operational fluid losses resulting from normal operations (Schroeder et al. 2014). Thus, access to water is therefore critical for increased deployment of EGS technologies and, therefore, growth of the geothermal sector. This paper examines water issues relating to EGS development from a variety of perspectives. It starts by exploring the relationship between EGS site geology, stimulation protocols, and below ground water loss, which is one of the largest drivers of water consumption for EGS projects. It then examines the relative costs of different potential traditional and alternative water sources for EGS. Finally it summarizes specific state policies relevant to the use of alternative water sources for EGS, and finally explores the relationship between EGS site geology, stimulation protocols, and below ground water loss, which is one of the largest drivers of water consumption for EGS projects.

Schroeder, Jenna N.

66

Water Use in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS): Geology of U.S. Stimulation Projects, Water Costs, and Alternative Water Use Policies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), geothermal energy generation in the United States is projected to more than triple by 2040 (EIA 2013). This addition, which translates to more than 5 GW of generation capacity, is anticipated because of technological advances and an increase in available sources through the continued development of enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs) and low-temperature resources (EIA 2013). Studies have shown that air emissions, water consumption, and land use for geothermal electricity generation have less of an impact than traditional fossil fuel?based electricity generation; however, the long-term sustainability of geothermal power plants can be affected by insufficient replacement of aboveground or belowground operational fluid losses resulting from normal operations (Schroeder et al. 2014). Thus, access to water is therefore critical for increased deployment of EGS technologies and, therefore, growth of the geothermal sector. This paper examines water issues relating to EGS development from a variety of perspectives. It starts by exploring the relationship between EGS site geology, stimulation protocols, and below ground water loss, which is one of the largest drivers of water consumption for EGS projects. It then examines the relative costs of different potential traditional and alternative water sources for EGS. Finally it summarizes specific state policies relevant to the use of alternative water sources for EGS, and finally explores the relationship between EGS site geology, stimulation protocols, and below ground water loss, which is one of the largest drivers of water consumption for EGS projects.

Schroeder, Jenna N.

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Policy V.6.1.1 Responsible Official: Vice President  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy V.6.1.1 Responsible Official: Vice President for Research Effective Date: July 1, 2012 Cost Policy on Sponsored Agreements Policy Statement Direct, indirect and allowable costs shall and the University's cost accounting standards. Reason for the Policy This policy statement and the guidelines

Hayden, Nancy J.

68

MODELING CLIMATE POLICY: ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES OF POLICY EFFECTIVENESS AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on average do not appear to have been cost-effective in reducing energy consumption. iii #12;Acknowledgments aggressive cli- mate change policies. Policy makers and the public are concerned that such policies could, or economic sectors. The aim of this thesis is to show that the design of climate change policy has

69

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999 After completion of all deliverables required under a fixed-price award, after costs in fulfilling the requirements of the award have been

Weston, Ken

70

Effectiveness of State-Level Policies on Solar Market Development in Different State Contexts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to public interest in customer-sited distributed solar photovoltaics (PV), state and local policymakers have implemented policy initiatives with the goal of encouraging private investment and building a robust PV market. Policymakers face challenges, including limited budgets and incomplete information about the effectiveness of the various policy options in their specific situation, in crafting and executing policy that supports market development goals. Recent work investigated the effect of the order in which policies are implemented (referred to as 'policy stacking') and the presence of low-cost enabling policies, such as interconnection standards and net metering, can have on the success of states in promoting PV markets. Findings indicate that implementation of interconnection standards and policy related to the valuation of excess electricity (e.g., net metering), along with indicators of long term government support for a solar PV market (e.g., RPS) and a non-policy determinant (population), explain about 70% of the variation among states in new PV capacity. This paper builds on that research to determine the most effective policy strategies for different types of states, as determined by their physical, demographic and macroeconomic context. A number of researchers have investigated the effectiveness of state-level policy using various statistical methods to determine relationships between installed solar PV projects and policy initiatives. In this study, the grouping of states by non-policy factors adds dimension to these analyses by identifying how policies function in different non-policy environments.

Steward, D.; Doris, E.; Krasko, V.; Hillman, D.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Environmental Planning and Policy in the Los Angeles Region: Openings and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development of Federal environmental policy and regulationin decisions about environmental policy and its costs andadd-on controls. Because environmental policy was becoming a

FitzSimmons, Margaret; Gottlieb, Robert

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Startup Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter discusses startup costs for construction and environmental projects, and estimating guidance for startup costs.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

73

3800 Green Series Cost Elements | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(formerly EPP) Program 3800 Green Series Cost Elements 06112014 (Rev. 7) 3800 Green Series Cost Elements More Documents & Publications 1 OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides...

74

EPS Policy on Financial Support for Student Travel / Research Students requesting financial support to help offset costs to attend and present research at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPS Policy on Financial Support for Student Travel / Research Students requesting financial support) Student Travel grants, and 4) EPS Travel Awards. All students should discuss these options and AGU). The GSNB and EPS travel request forms are attached. 3) Students must submit application

75

Sandia National Laboratories: Analysis, Modeling, Cost of Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProgramsAnalysis, Modeling, Cost of Energy, and Policy Impact: Wind Vision 2014 Analysis, Modeling, Cost of Energy, and Policy Impact: Wind Vision 2014 The "20% Wind Energy by...

76

Cost Estimating, Analysis, and Standardization  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish policy and responsibilities for: (a) developing and reviewing project cost estimates; (b) preparing independent cost estimates and analysis; (c) standardizing cost estimating procedures; and (d) improving overall cost estimating and analytical techniques, cost data bases, cost and economic escalation models, and cost estimating systems. Cancels DOE O 5700.2B, dated 8-5-1983; DOE O 5700.8, dated 5-27-1981; and HQ 1130.1A, dated 12-30-1981. Canceled by DOE O 5700.2D, dated 6-12-1992

1984-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

77

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title: McMaster University Sustainability a high degree of vegetative surface while limiting the use of pesticides, harmful chemicals and the need; and · experiment with alternative paving methods that will incorporate vegetation. Transportation The University

Haykin, Simon

78

Survey of State-Level Cost and Benefit Estimates of Renewable Portfolio Standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most renewable portfolio standards (RPS) have five or more years of implementation experience, enabling an assessment of their costs and benefits. Understanding RPS costs and benefits is essential for policymakers evaluating existing RPS policies, assessing the need for modifications, and considering new policies. This study provides an overview of methods used to estimate RPS compliance costs and benefits, based on available data and estimates issued by utilities and regulators. Over the 2010-2012 period, average incremental RPS compliance costs in the United States were equivalent to 0.8% of retail electricity rates, although substantial variation exists around this average, both from year-to-year and across states. The methods used by utilities and regulators to estimate incremental compliance costs vary considerably from state to state and a number of states are currently engaged in processes to refine and standardize their approaches to RPS cost calculation. The report finds that state assessments of RPS benefits have most commonly attempted to quantitatively assess avoided emissions and human health benefits, economic development impacts, and wholesale electricity price savings. Compared to the summary of RPS costs, the summary of RPS benefits is more limited, as relatively few states have undertaken detailed benefits estimates, and then only for a few types of potential policy impacts. In some cases, the same impacts may be captured in the assessment of incremental costs. For these reasons, and because methodologies and level of rigor vary widely, direct comparisons between the estimates of benefits and costs are challenging.

Heeter, J.; Barbose, G.; Bird, L.; Weaver, S.; Flores-Espino, F.; Kuskova-Burns, K.; Wiser, R.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited for Commercial Landscape Maintenance Application: http://www.flaes.org/ pdf/lndspckt.pdf Limited Certification.floridatermitehelp.org or request by phone at 850-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance

Watson, Craig A.

80

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance: Ornamental and Turf Pest Control (SM 7&O/Structural only). See web locations below for applications. Limited Certification for Commercial Landscape

Jawitz, James W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

This report has undergone limited technical review and the content does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products does enters into the Fraser River and carries the impacts of urban atmospheric deposition to the estuary. The concentrations of some metals and polyaromatic hydrocarbons exceeded Canadian drinking water or aquatic

82

This report has undergone limited technical review and the content does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products does Abstract The impact of emissions from urban sources to ambient air pollution is not considered to be large in comparison to water discharge sources. The Still Creek-Burnaby Lake-Brunette River watershed drains

83

This report has undergone limited technical review and the content does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were found in the dry air and eight chemicals were found in the rainfall at one site; some the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute an endorsement for their usage. Any comments should be directed to: Air Quality Section Aquatic

84

(Limiting the greenhouse effect)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.

Rayner, S.

1991-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

Administration Policy Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration Policy Complete Policy Title: McMaster University Alcohol Policy Policy Number, 1998 Supersedes/Amends Policy dated: May 11, 1998 Responsible Executive: Vice-President (Administration policy and the written copy held by the policy owner, the written copy prevails. INTRODUCTION Mc

Haykin, Simon

86

Operating Costs Estimates Cost Indices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to update costs of specific equipment, raw material or labor or CAPEX and OPEX of entire plants Cost Indices

Boisvert, Jeff

87

One Dog Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadcast Transcript: First the one child policy and now the one dog policy. First in Beijing and now in Guangzhou, the government is limiting the number of dogs in any household to one. And the regulation wasn't grandfathered in, meaning if you had...

Hacker, Randi

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

88

POLICY: A:VPFA # / Purchasing Policy PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY: A:VPFA # / Purchasing Policy PROCEDURES: APPENDIX: Approved: April 1, 2013 Revised: Cross References: Purchasing Policy Capital Projects and Renovations Policy Conflict of Interest Policy Sustainability Policy Green Procurement Policy 1 of 9 PROCEDURES: Purchasing Policy AUTHORITY: University

Martin, Jeff

89

Administration Policy Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration Policy Complete Policy Title: Engagement of Independent Contractors Policy Number of Original Approval: Supersedes/Amends Policy dated: Payments to Individuals (Independent Contractors) versus between this electronic policy and the written copy held by the policy owner, the written copy prevails

Hitchcock, Adam P.

90

Trade Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an otherwise insightful and thoughtful article, Sebastian Pfotenhauer (Trade Policy Is Science Policy, Issues, Fall 2013) might better have entitled his contribution Trade Policy Needs to Be Reconciled with Science ...

Ashford, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES POLICY POLICY STATEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES POLICY POLICY STATEMENT Imperial College London is committed to a policy Resources (HR) has overall responsibility for the formulation, implementation and monitoring of the policy that this policy is effective by: · advising the College's senior management, other appropriate members of staff

92

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When policy makers propose new policies, there is a need to assess the costs and benefits of the proposed policy measures, to compare them to existing and alternative policies, and to rank them according to their effectiveness. In the case of equipment energy efficiency regulations, comparing the effects of a range of alternative policy measures requires evaluating their effects on consumers budgets, on national energy consumption and economics, and on the environment. Such an approach should be able to represent in a single framework the particularities of each policy measure and provide comparable results. This report presents an integrated methodological framework to assess prospectively the energy, economic, and environmental impacts of energy efficiency policy measures. The framework builds on the premise that the comparative assessment of energy efficiency policy measures should (a) rely on a common set of primary data and parameters, (b) follow a single functional approach to estimate the energy, economic, and emissions savings resulting from each assessed measure, and (c) present results through a set of comparable indicators. This framework elaborates on models that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has used in support of its rulemakings on mandatory energy efficiency standards. In addition to a rigorous analysis of the impacts of mandatory standards, DOE compares the projected results of alternative policy measures to those projected to be achieved by the standards. The framework extends such an approach to provide a broad, generic methodology, with no geographic or sectoral limitations, that is useful for evaluating any type of equipment energy efficiency market intervention. The report concludes with a demonstration of how to use the framework to compare the impacts estimated for twelve policy measures focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of gas furnaces in the United States.

Blum, Helcio; Atkinson, Barbara; Lekov, Alex

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

93

Security Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Security Policy analyzes, develops and interprets safeguards and security policy governing national security functions and the protection of related critical assets entrusted to the...

94

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PREGNANCY POLICY FOR RADIATION WORKERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PREGNANCY POLICY FOR RADIATION WORKERS POLICY: Under applicable regulations and Federal statutes (2), it is the policy of the Columbia University to limit the radiation dose (3). Further, it is the policy of the Columbia University to provide counseling and education

Jia, Songtao

95

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

learning and renewable energy costs: Implicationsfor US renewable energy policy, Energy Policy, 34 (13), pp.Learning Investments for Renewable Energy Technology, EMF/

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Cost Estimator  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve as a senior cost and schedule estimator who is responsible for preparing life-cycle cost and schedule estimates and analyses associated with the...

97

Operating Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter is focused on capital costs for conventional construction and environmental restoration and waste management projects and examines operating cost estimates to verify that all elements of the project have been considered and properly estimated.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Measuring it Right: Best Practices in the Selection and Implementation of Cost-Effectiveness Tests  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents the National Home Performance Council's cost-effectiveness tests, stakeholder concerns, public policy issues, and best practices.

99

Avoidable waste management costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the activity based costing method used to acquire variable (volume dependent or avoidable) waste management cost data for routine operations at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Waste volumes from environmental restoration, facility stabilization activities, and legacy waste were specifically excluded from this effort. A core team consisting of Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, and Oak Ridge Reservation developed and piloted the methodology, which can be used to determine avoidable waste management costs. The method developed to gather information was based on activity based costing, which is a common industrial engineering technique. Sites submitted separate flow diagrams that showed the progression of work from activity to activity for each waste type or treatability group. Each activity on a flow diagram was described in a narrative, which detailed the scope of the activity. Labor and material costs based on a unit quantity of waste being processed were then summed to generate a total cost for that flow diagram. Cross-complex values were calculated by determining a weighted average for each waste type or treatability group based on the volume generated. This study will provide DOE and contractors with a better understanding of waste management processes and their associated costs. Other potential benefits include providing cost data for sites to perform consistent cost/benefit analysis of waste minimization and pollution prevention (WMIN/PP) options identified during pollution prevention opportunity assessments and providing a means for prioritizing and allocating limited resources for WMIN/PP.

Hsu, K.; Burns, M.; Priebe, S.; Robinson, P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Climate policy implications for agricultural water demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy, water and land are scarce resources, critical to humans. Developments in each affect the availability and cost of the others, and consequently human prosperity. Measures to limit greenhouse gas concentrations will inevitably exact dramatic changes on energy and land systems and in turn alter the character, magnitude and geographic distribution of human claims on water resources. We employ the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), an integrated assessment model to explore the interactions of energy, land and water systems in the context of alternative policies to limit climate change to three alternative levels: 2.5 Wm-2 (445 ppm CO2-e), 3.5 Wm-2 (535 ppm CO2-e) and 4.5 Wm-2 (645 ppm CO2-e). We explore the effects of two alternative land-use emissions mitigation policy optionsone which taxes terrestrial carbon emissions equally with fossil fuel and industrial emissions, and an alternative which only taxes fossil fuel and industrial emissions but places no penalty on land-use change emissions. We find that increasing populations and economic growth could be anticipated to almost triple demand for water for agricultural systems across the century even in the absence of climate policy. In general policies to mitigate climate change increase agricultural demands for water still further, though the largest changes occur in the second half of the century, under both policy regimes. The two policies examined profoundly affected both the sources and magnitudes of the increase in irrigation water demands. The largest increases in agricultural irrigation water demand occurred in scenarios where only fossil fuel emissions were priced (but not land-use change emission) and were primarily driven by rapid expansion in bioenergy production. In these scenarios water demands were large relative to present-day total available water, calling into question whether it would be physically possible to produce the associated biomass energy. We explored the potential of improved water delivery and irrigation system efficiencies. These could potentially reduce demands substantially. However, overall demands remained high under our fossil-fuel-only tax policy. In contrast, when all carbon was priced, increases in agricultural water demands were smaller than under the fossil-fuel-only policy and were driven primarily by increased demands for water by non-biomass crops such as rice. Finally we estimate the geospatial pattern of water demands and find that regions such as China, India and other countries in south and east Asia might be expected to experience greatest increases in water demands.?

Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Wise, Marshall A.; Calvin, Katherine V.

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Essays in monetary policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monetary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.11.2.3 Optimal Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Monetary policy shocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lakdawala, Aeimit Kirti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Cost analysis guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first phase of the Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program (Program)--management strategy selection--consists of several program elements: Technology Assessment, Engineering Analysis, Cost Analysis, and preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Cost Analysis will estimate the life-cycle costs associated with each of the long-term management strategy alternatives for depleted uranium hexafluoride (UF6). The scope of Cost Analysis will include all major expenditures, from the planning and design stages through decontamination and decommissioning. The costs will be estimated at a scoping or preconceptual design level and are intended to assist decision makers in comparing alternatives for further consideration. They will not be absolute costs or bid-document costs. The purpose of the Cost Analysis Guidelines is to establish a consistent approach to analyzing of cost alternatives for managing Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) stocks of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6). The component modules that make up the DUF6 management program differ substantially in operational maintenance, process-options, requirements for R and D, equipment, facilities, regulatory compliance, (O and M), and operations risk. To facilitate a consistent and equitable comparison of costs, the guidelines offer common definitions, assumptions or basis, and limitations integrated with a standard approach to the analysis. Further, the goal is to evaluate total net life-cycle costs and display them in a way that gives DOE the capability to evaluate a variety of overall DUF6 management strategies, including commercial potential. The cost estimates reflect the preconceptual level of the designs. They will be appropriate for distinguishing among management strategies.

Strait, R.S.

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

103

Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Policy Impacts Website: eetd.lbl.goveaempreportslbnl-3833e.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentbenefits-and-costs-aggressiv...

104

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1990. "lhe Economicsof Alternative Fuel Use: Subsfitt~/ingMcOartland. 1990. "Alternative Fuels for Pollution Control:Policy Levers for Alternative Fuels: Costs, Energy Security,

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes to promote development and operation of sustainable buildings. #12;Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title: Sustainable Building Policy Policy this electronic policy and the written copy held by the policy owner, the written copy prevails. Sustainable

Haykin, Simon

106

THE IMPACT OF INTERREGIONAL AND INTRAREGIONAL TRANSPORTATION COSTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to concentrate particular industries in special localities." Indeed, during the industrial revolution, MarshallTHE IMPACT OF INTERREGIONAL AND INTRAREGIONAL TRANSPORTATION COSTS ON INDUSTRIAL LOCATION costs on industrial location and efficient transport policies March 2011 Paul CHIAMBARETTO1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Cost and benefit of energy efficient buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A common misconception among developers and policy-makers is that "sustainable buildings" may not be financially justified. However, this report strives to show that building green is cost-effective and does make financial ...

Zhang, Wenying, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Thanks go to Mumtaz Hussain and Dilip Parajuli for excellent research assistance.1 The limited amount of empirical work on transport costs include Sampson and Yeats (1976) and Pace2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amount of empirical work on transport costs include Sampson and Yeats (1976) and Pace2 (1979) on OECD of labor was likely to develop first along sea coasts and navigable rivers, where transport costs were determinants of a country's development prospects? Though interest in transport costs has recently risen

109

Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many papers have shown that bioenergy and land-use are potentially important elements in a strategy to limit anthropogenic climate change. But, significant expansion of bioenergy production can have a large terrestrial footprint. In this paper, we test the implications for land use, the global energy system, carbon cycle, and carbon prices of meeting a specific climate target, using a single fossil fuel and industrial sector policy instrumentthe carbon tax, but with five alternative bioenergy and land-use policy architectures. We find that the policies we examined have differing effects on the different segments of the economy. Comprehensive land policies can reduce land-use change emissions, increasing allowable emissions in the energy system, but have implications for the cost of food. Bioenergy taxes and constraints, on the other hand, have little effect on food prices, but can result in increased carbon and energy prices.

Calvin, Katherine V.; Wise, Marshall A.; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.; Clarke, Leon E.; Edmonds, James A.

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

110

A comparison of public policies for lead recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies that encourage recycling may be used to reduce environmental costs from waste disposal when direct restrictions on disposal are difficult to enforce. Four recycling policies have been advanced: (i) taxes on the ...

Sigman, Hilary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Universal investment in markets with transaction costs February 10, 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Universal investment in markets with transaction costs G. Iyengar February 10, 2004 Abstract time markets with proportional transaction costs. We do not make any distributional assumptions that the markets do not have transaction costs. Unfortunately, the policies designed for markets without costs do

Iyengar, Garud

112

Decommissioning Unit Cost Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Closure Site (Site) is in the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, and remediating environmental media. A number of contaminated facilities have been decommissioned, including one building, Building 779, that contained gloveboxes used for plutonium process development but did little actual plutonium processing. The actual costs incurred to decommission this facility formed much of the basis or standards used to estimate the decommissioning of the remaining plutonium-processing buildings. Recent decommissioning activities in the first actual production facility, Building 771, implemented a number of process and procedural improvements. These include methods for handling plutonium contaminated equipment, including size reduction, decontamination, and waste packaging, as well as management improvements to streamline planning and work control. These improvements resulted in a safer working environment and reduced project cost, as demonstrated in the overall project efficiency. The topic of this paper is the analysis of how this improved efficiency is reflected in recent unit costs for activities specific to the decommissioning of plutonium facilities. This analysis will allow the Site to quantify the impacts on future Rocky Flats decommissioning activities, and to develop data for planning and cost estimating the decommissioning of future facilities. The paper discusses the methods used to collect and arrange the project data from the individual work areas within Building 771. Regression and data correlation techniques were used to quantify values for different types of decommissioning activities. The discussion includes the approach to identify and allocate overall project support, waste management, and Site support costs based on the overall Site and project costs to provide a ''burdened'' unit cost. The paper ultimately provides a unit cost basis that can be used to support cost estimates for decommissioning at other facilities with similar equipment and labor costs. It also provides techniques for extracting information from limited data using extrapolation and interpolation techniques.

Sanford, P. C.; Stevens, J. L.; Brandt, R.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Transmission line capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

INTERIM POLICY JANUARY 9, 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERIM POLICY JANUARY 9, 2004 CORNELL UNIVERSITY POLICY LIBRARY Health and Safety POLICY 2 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ POLICY STATEMENT. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ REASON FOR POLICY

Chen, Tsuhan

115

Multiperiod Portfolio Optimization with General Transaction Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Management Science and Operations, London Business School, ... For market impact costs, we show that the optimal portfolio policy at each ... Markowitz's analysis are that the investor only cares about single-period ... The case with a single-risky asset and proportional transaction costs is well understood.

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Use of Cost Estimating Relationships  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Cost Estimating Relationships (CERs) are an important tool in an estimator's kit, and in many cases, they are the only tool. Thus, it is important to understand their limitations and characteristics. This chapter discusses considerations of which the estimator must be aware so the Cost Estimating Relationships can be properly used.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining% accuracy. 2-5% of pre-production capital Types of Cost Estimates #12;3. Definitive Based on definitive-even $ Production Level Fixed Cost Break-even $ Production Level Cost-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or

Boisvert, Jeff

118

Fat Tails, Thin Tails, and Climate Change Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy is complicated by the considerable uncertainties concerning the benefits and costs of abatement. We do not even know the probability distributions for future temperatures and impacts, making benefitcost ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Energy Policy ] (  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the locational marginal prices of several pricing points in the New England, New York, and PJM electricityEnergy Policy ] (

Cañizares, Claudio A.

120

Password Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Password Policy. All of the following sets of rules must be met: passwords must be between 8 and 127 characters inclusive; passwords must contain at least one

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Calculator Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA 15300 Calculator Policy. ONLY a TI-30Xa scientific calculator is allowed on quizzes and exams. If you have questions, please email the course coordinator...

charlotb

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Calculator Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA 15910 Calculator Policy. ONLY a TI-30Xa scientific calculator is allowed on quizzes and exams. If you have questions, please email the course coordinator...

charlotb

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

Calculator Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA 16010 -- CALCULATOR POLICY. A ONE-LINE scientific calculator is REQUIRED. No other calculator is allowed. RECOMMENDED: TI-30Xa calculator

charlotb

2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Policy ] (  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption on a per capita or per productivity basis (e.g. kWh/capita, kWh/GDP), are widely usedEnergy Policy ] (

Jacobson, Arne

125

Energy Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department is focusing on an all-of-the-above energy policy, investing in all sources of American energy.

126

English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This policy sets out UTS's requirements their courses of study. Dates Policy or amendment approved Policy or amendment takes effect Policy is due for review (up to 5 years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved 02/11/2011 Approved

University of Technology, Sydney

127

Directed Technical Change and Climate Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the cost effectiveness of climate policy if there are technology externalities. For this purpose, we develop a forward-looking CGE model that captures empirical links between CO2 emissions associated ...

Otto, Vincent M.

128

The LAndscape Management Policy Simulator (LAMPS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considerations Riparian Management Choices Leave Tree Strategies Transition Probabilities Stochastic EventsThe LAndscape Management Policy Simulator (LAMPS) Pete Bettinger Department of Forest Resources Management intentions Prices and costs GIS databases Land use pattern Land use change Stand structure

129

Policy Overview and Options for Maximizing the Role of Policy in Geothermal Electricity Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geothermal electricity production capacity has grown over time because of multiple factors, including its renewable, baseload, and domestic attributes; volatile and high prices for competing technologies; and policy intervention. Overarching federal policies, namely the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), provided certainty to project investors in the 1980s, leading to a boom in geothermal development. In addition to market expansion through PURPA, research and development policies provided an investment of public dollars toward developing technologies and reducing costs over time to increase the market competitiveness of geothermal electricity. Together, these efforts are cited as the primary policy drivers for the currently installed capacity. Informing policy decisions depends on the combined impacts of policies at the federal and state level on geothermal development. Identifying high-impact suites of policies for different contexts, and the government levels best equipped to implement them, would provide a wealth of information to both policy makers and project developers.

Doris, E.; Kreycik, C.; Young, K.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Dairy Price and Income Support Policy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TDoe Z TA245.7 8873 NO.1588 B-1588 Texas Agricultural Extension Service ~ ~ ________________________________ aD ________ __ ~ A~PC LIB R A R Y AGRICULTURAL' FOOD POLICY CENTER SEP 2 7 1988 x s A&M Universit DAIRY PRICE AND INCOME SUPPORT... POLICY Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Zerle L. Carpenter, Director. The Texas A&M University System. College Station, Texas Contents 1. Policy Perspectives, Problems, Goals and Tools .................... 1 2. Cost Pricing...

Schwart, Robert B. Jr; Knutson, Ronald D.; Cropp, Robert; Harris, Harold M.; Jacobson, Robert E.; Novakovic, Andrew

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05-1 Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or first cost or capital investment): Expenditures made to acquire or develop capital assets Three main classes of capital costs: 1. Depreciable Investment: Investment allocated

Boisvert, Jeff

132

Role of State Policy in Renewable Energy Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State policies can support renewable energy development by driving markets, providing certainty in the investment market, and incorporating the external benefits of the technologies into cost/benefit calculations. Using statistical analyses and policy design best practices, this paper quantifies the impact of state-level policies on renewable energy development in order to better understand the role of policy on development and inform policy makers on the policy mechanisms that provide maximum benefit. The results include the identification of connections between state policies and renewable energy development, as well as a discussion placing state policy efforts in context with other factors that influence the development of renewable energy (e.g. federal policy, resource availability, technology cost, public acceptance).

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.; McLaren, J.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

LASER SAFETY POLICY Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LASER SAFETY POLICY Policy Statement Each department that acquires or operates lasers for use in laboratories or research is responsible for reporting laser acquisition to the Office of Laboratory Safety, selecting a departmental deputy laser safety officer, mandating training for its laser operators

Vertes, Akos

134

Quality Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Quality Policy It is the policy of the Department of Energy to establish quality requirements to ensure that risks and environmental impacts are minimized and that safety, reliability, and performance are maximized through the application of effective management systems commensurate with the risks posed by the facility or activity and its work. The Department implements this policy through the QA Order and the QA rule directives to ensure quality assurance requirements are clearly specified for the broad spectrum of work performed by DOE and its contractors.

135

The report finds that through strategic policy implementation, governments can  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

local economic development, increase energy security, and reduce the environmental impact of electricity a market for lower-cost solar photovoltaics (PV). The report discusses pathways for policy development generation (DG) solar PV. The sequencing order assessed begins with instigating low-cost policies that remove

136

Estimating Specialty Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Specialty costs are those nonstandard, unusual costs that are not typically estimated. Costs for research and development (R&D) projects involving new technologies, costs associated with future regulations, and specialty equipment costs are examples of specialty costs. This chapter discusses those factors that are significant contributors to project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

ADMINISTRATIVE UNIVERSITY POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADMINISTRATIVE UNIVERSITY POLICY FACULTY UNIVERSITY POLICY STUDENT UNIVERSITY POLICY Issue stakeholder list "Log-In" of Proposed University Policy with the University Compliance Committee (UCC) UCC identifies which track (i.e., Administrative, Faculty, or Student) the proposed University Policy

138

State and Local Clean Energy Policy Primer: Getting from Here to Clean Electricity with Policy (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet proposes a framework for how states and localities can build policy portfolios by first setting the stage for clean energy in the market with low cost policies, and then growing the market with successive policies until the need for financial incentives can be reduced and eventually eliminated.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Evaluation of Global Onshore Wind Energy Potential and Generation Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we develop an updated global estimate of onshore wind energy potential using reanalysis wind speed data, along with updated wind turbine technology performance and cost assumptions as well as explicit consideration of transmission distance in the calculation of transmission costs. We find that wind has the potential to supply a significant portion of world energy needs, although this potential varies substantially by region as well as with assumptions such as on what types of land can be used to site wind farms. Total global wind potential under central assumptions is estimated to be approximately 89 petawatt hours per year at less than 9 cents/kWh with substantial regional variations. One limitation of global wind analyses is that the resolution of current global wind speed reanalysis data can result in an underestimate of high wind areas. A sensitivity analysis of eight key parameters is presented. Wind potential is sensitive to a number of input parameters, particularly those related to land suitability and turbine density as well as cost and financing assumptions which have important policy implications. Transmission cost has a relatively small impact on total wind costs, changing the potential at a given cost by 20-30%. As a result of sensitivities studied here we suggest that further research intended to inform wind supply curve development focus not purely on physical science, such as better resolved wind maps, but also on these less well-defined factors, such as land-suitability, that will also have an impact on the long-term role of wind power.

Zhou, Yuyu; Luckow, Patrick; Smith, Steven J.; Clarke, Leon E.

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

Policy Iteration / Optimistic Policy Iteration Least-Squares Policy Iteration Experiments Least Squares Policy Iteration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Iteration / Optimistic Policy Iteration Least-Squares Policy Iteration Experiments Least Squares Policy Iteration Bias-Variance Trade-o in Control Problems Christophe Thiéry and Bruno Scherrer/27 #12; Policy Iteration / Optimistic Policy Iteration Least-Squares Policy Iteration Experiments Markov

Scherrer, Bruno

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Employee Replacement Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employee Replacement Costs Arindrajit Dube, Eric Freeman andproperties of employee replacement costs, using a panel2008. We establish that replacement costs are sub- stantial

Dube, Arindrajit; Freeman, Eric; Reich, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Policy on Export Controls Export Control Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Export Controls 8/5/2014 Export Control Policy I. Purpose and Scope Northeastern.S. national security, economic interests, and foreign policy goals. The export laws and regulations address exceptions to the university's Policy on Openness in Research. This policy applies to all members

Sridhar, Srinivas

143

Policy Procedure Administrative Directive Policy No.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy ­ Procedure ­ Administrative Directive Title: Policy No.: Effective Date or Date of Last President See also: Related Policies, Procedures and Agreements: Relevant Legislation and Regulations: Background and Purpose: CLEAR DATA #12;Policy *A University Policy is a principle-based statement with broad

Northern British Columbia, University of

144

The Effect of Transaction Costs on Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation for Agriculture and Forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increasing the bioenergy and afforestation role. Storage costs diminish the bioenergy role and favor forest and sequestration items. The results of this study illustrate that transactions and storage costs are important considerations in policy and market...

Kim, Seong Woo

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Report on Transmission Cost Allocation for RTOs and Others (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presented at the MARC 2011 Annual Conference, 6 June 2011, Rapid City, South Dakota. This presentation provides an overview of the latest research findings and policy developments pertaining to cost allocation and new variable generation resources on the power grid.

Coles, L.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Uncertainty in Greenhouse Emissions and Costs of Atmospheric Stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the uncertainty in projections of emissions, and costs of atmospheric stabilization applying the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model, a computable general equilibrium model of the global economy. ...

Webster, Mort D.

147

The Cost of Kyoto Protocol Targets: The Case of Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...

Paltsev, Sergey.

148

ENVIRONMENTAL PURCHASING POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL PURCHASING POLICY The University of Leeds Environmental Policy includes the following the environmental policy and, in turn, that all suppliers and contractors progressively improve their own environmental performance". In line with this the University's Environmental Purchasing Policy requires

Haase, Markus

149

Policy Building Blocks: Helping Policymakers Determine Policy Staging for the Development of Distributed PV Markets: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing body of qualitative and a limited body of quantitative literature supporting the common assertion that policy drives development of clean energy resources. Recent work in this area indicates that the impact of policy depends on policy type, length of time in place, and economic and social contexts of implementation. This work aims to inform policymakers about the impact of different policy types and to assist in the staging of those policies to maximize individual policy effectiveness and development of the market. To do so, this paper provides a framework for policy development to support the market for distributed photovoltaic systems. Next steps include mathematical validation of the framework and development of specific policy pathways given state economic and resource contexts.

Doris, E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Strategies for cost-effective carbon reductions: A sensitivity analysis of alternative scenarios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analyses of alternative futures often present results for a limited set of scenarios, with little if any sensitivity analysis to identify the factors affecting the scenario results. This approach creates an artificial impression of certainty associated with the scenarios considered, and inhibits understanding of the underlying forces. This paper summarizes the economic and carbon savings sensitivity analysis completed for the Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future study (IWG, 2000). Its 19 sensitivity cases provide insight into the costs and carbon-reduction impacts of a carbon permit trading system, demand-side efficiency programs, and supply-side policies. Impacts under different natural gas and oil price trajectories are also examined. The results provide compelling evidence that policy opportunities exist to reduce carbon emissions and save society money.

Gumerman, Etan; Koomey, Jonathan G.; Brown, Marilyn

2001-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

151

NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATENT POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATENT POLICY I. POLICY STATEMENT: As a senior public research that patentable inventions arise in the course of scholarly research conducted by its employees, particularly but not limited to its faculty. NJIT has determined that patenting and licensing of inventions resulting from

152

Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool Guidebook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE's '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Renewable Energy Cost Modeling: A Toolkit for Establishing Cost-Based Incentives in the United States; March 2010 -- March 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is intended to serve as a resource for policymakers who wish to learn more about establishing cost-based incentives. The report will identify key renewable energy cost modeling options, highlight the policy implications of choosing one approach over the other, and present recommendations on the optimal characteristics of a model to calculate rates for cost-based incentives, feed-in tariffs (FITs), or similar policies. These recommendations will be utilized in designing the Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool (CREST). Three CREST models will be publicly available and capable of analyzing the cost of energy associated with solar, wind, and geothermal electricity generators. The CREST models will be developed for use by state policymakers, regulators, utilities, developers, and other stakeholders to assist them in current and future rate-setting processes for both FIT and other renewable energy incentive payment structures and policy analyses.

Gifford, J. S.; Grace, R. C.; Rickerson, W. H.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Committee on Educational Policy MAJOR QUALIFICATION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee on Educational Policy MAJOR QUALIFICATION POLICY CEP encourages all undergraduate to formalize these guidelines by implementing a policy that restricts qualification to one or more majors. CEP of the major qualifications policy on other undergraduate programs; · discuss the potential effects

California at Santa Cruz, University of

155

Off-Campus Activities Policy Governance Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from: 19 August 2009 1 Purpose Victoria University of Wellington recognises that it has statutoryOff-Campus Activities Policy Governance Policy © Victoria University of Wellington Page 1 Effective their supervisor(s). #12;Off-Campus Activities Policy Governance Policy © Victoria University of Wellington Page 2

Frean, Marcus

156

UNIVERSITY POLICY ON EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY POLICY ON EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Policy Statement The university is an Equal Employment, or on any other basis prohibited by applicable law in any of its programs or activities. Reason for Policy/Purpose This policy is necessary to re-affirm the university's commitment and for compliance with Title VII

Vertes, Akos

157

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter discusses a formalized methodology is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

Statler College Research Data Center Access and Usage Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statler College Research Data Center Access and Usage Policy Objective Access to the Statler under WVU and federal guidelines. Scope This policy applies to all Statler staff, faculty, administrators, officers, contractors and students. Policy Access to the RDC shall be limited to those authorized

Mohaghegh, Shahab

159

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOUNDATIONAL COMPETENCIES POLICY1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOUNDATIONAL COMPETENCIES POLICY1 (May 2004; revised was the policy and procedure document from the University of Texas at San Antonio. Additional sources include, but are not limited to, policy and procedure documents from the University of Rochester Medical Center; Unive

Milchberg, Howard

160

Costing of Joining Methods -Arc Welding Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costing of Joining Methods - Arc Welding Costs ver. 1 ME 6222: Manufacturing Processes and Systems.S. Colton © GIT 2009 5 #12;LaborLabor Di t ti f ldi· Direct time of welding ­ time to produce a length of weld ­ labor rate ­ multiplication gives labor cost per length · Set-up time, etc. · Personal time

Colton, Jonathan S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Cost of Debt Jules H. van Binsbergen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This version: January 2008 Abstract We estimate firm-specific cost of corporate debt functions for thousands of debt benefit curves. By integrating the area between the benefit and cost functions we estimate in capital structure policies by studying the signs of estimated slope coefficients for factors such as firm

162

Prediction markets for cost and risk assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several temporal and political factors can sometimes limit the effectiveness of traditional methods of project tracking and cost estimation. A large organization is susceptible to internal and external risks that are ...

Aggarwal, Taroon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #38 EXCEPTION TO POLICY REGARDING...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 38 EXCEPTION TO POLICY REGARDING QUALITY STEP INCREASES POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 38 EXCEPTION TO POLICY REGARDING QUALITY STEP INCREASES This has...

164

Feed-in Tariff Policy: Design, Implementation, and RPS Policy Interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Feed-in tariff (FIT) policies are implemented in more than 40 countries around the world and are cited as the primary reason for the success of the German and Spanish renewable energy markets. As a result of that success, FIT policy proposals are starting to gain traction in several U.S. states and municipalities. Experience from Europe is also beginning to demonstrate that properly designed FITs may be more cost-effective than renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which make use of competitive solicitations. This article explores the design and operation of feed-in tariff policies, including a FIT policy definition, payment-structure options, and payment differentiation. The article also touches on the potential interactions between FIT policies and RPS policies at the state level.

Cory, K.; Couture, T.; Kreycik, C.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

User Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II Field Emission SEMUsed FuelM07: The10 BusinessUserPolicy

166

POLICY FLASH  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory May 3,3, 2013 POLICY *November6

167

POLICY FLASH  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory May 3,3, 2013 POLICY *November67

168

User Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdates byUser Guide Print 1. Register withPolicy

169

User Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearchScheduledProductionCCEIResearch UpperFacilitiesPolicy User

170

Web Policies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPP How to apply|In thePolicies

171

Activity Based Costing  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

172

Policy Procedure Administrative Directive Title: _____________________________________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy ­ Procedure ­ Administrative Directive Title: _____________________________________ Policy-President _____________ See also: Related Policies, Procedures and Agreements: Relevant Legislation and Regulations: ____________________________________________________________________________ Background and Purpose: ____________________________________________________________________________ Policy

Northern British Columbia, University of

173

Policy Statement and Interim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Policy Statement and Interim Procedures CORNELL UNIVERSITY POLICY LIBRARY POLICY 8.3 Volume: 8 Emergency Planning POLICY STATEMENT Cornell University organizes, coordinates, and directs available of this effort is dependent on the development of periodic review of comprehensive plans. This policy includes

Hemami, Sheila S.

174

Development of a Dynamic Water Management Policy for Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planners during implementation of water plans was then addressed. The objective used in this problem was to select reservoir storage capacities, schedule a time for construction, and establish an operating policy such that the total cost of the linked...

Meier, W. L.; Helm, J. C.; Curry, G. L.

175

U.S. Ethanol Policy: The Unintended Consequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the future growth, but reasonable production costs remain elusive. The unintended consequences of the policy, especially those influencing world food prices, are negative and far outweigh the positives. Corn-based ethanol has had only small price, energy...

Griffin, James M.; Soto, Maricio Cifuentes

176

Early Draft Energy Policy and Financing Options to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................................................. 6 3. HIDDEN BENEFITS OF SOLAR ENERGYEarly Draft Energy Policy and Financing Options to Achieve Solar Penetration Targets: Accounting the costs both of solar technology and of grid integration, so enabling solar deployment nationwide

177

Climate Change Policy: What Do the Models Tell Us?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very little. A plethora of integrated assessment models (IAMs) have been constructed and used to estimate the social cost of carbon (SCC) and evaluate alternative abatement policies. These models have crucial flaws that ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

178

State and Local Clean Energy Policy Primer: Getting from Here to Clean Electricity with Policy (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This fact sheet proposes a framework for how states and localities can build policy portfolios by first setting the stage for clean energy in the market with low cost policies, and then growing the market with successive policies until the need for financial incentives can be reduced and eventually eliminated.

179

The Energy Policy Pyramid - A Hierarchal Tool for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

often fail to account for all costs of fuel choices. The cost and benefit of the alternative in both an energy accounting system based on Btus (Joules) as well as pollution and other benefits must be considered. In this decade, hydrogen has been...THE ENERGY POLICY PYRAMID A HIERARCHAL TOOL FOR DECISION MAKERS ROBIN K. VIEIRA, DIRECTOR, BRD DIV. , FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER, COCOA, FL ABSTRACT Policies of dealing with energy programs are often misdirected. Decision makers...

Vieira, R. K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

SEE Action Webinar - Energy Efficiency Measure Cost Studies ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and program planning applications of measure cost data, explain the limitations of ad hoc sources of such data, and provide examples of successful development of ex ante...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating Procedures INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating...

182

Student Policies & Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Policies & Procedures summer.uci.edu #12;STUDENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Rev. 04/2014 1 ...................................................................................... 9 #12;STUDENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Rev. 04/2014 2 Who Summer Session Serves Current UCI Students

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

183

The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO POLICIES and PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Services - Procedures] I. PROCEDURES 1.00 Where an employee is a supplier or has a relationship with a supplier, compliance with Policy 3.4 and Policy 2.8 will be enforced. 2.00 It is recognized that on-going service and partnering with quality/preferred suppliers can be a mutually beneficial and cost

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

184

Contracting with reading costs and renegotiation costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Contracting with Reading Costs andrents, and the competitive contracting process. Journal ofReiche. Foundation of incomplete contracting in a model of

Brennan, James R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Systems Engineering Cost Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on project, human capital impact. 7 How to estimate Cost? Difficult to know what we are building early on1 Systems Engineering Lecture 3 Cost Estimation Dr. Joanna Bryson Dr. Leon Watts University of Bath: Contrast approaches for estimating software project cost, and identify the main sources of cost

Bryson, Joanna J.

186

Life Cycle Cost Estimate  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Life-cycle costs (LCCs) are all the anticipated costs associated with a project or program alternative throughout its life. This includes costs from pre-operations through operations or to the end of the alternative.This chapter discusses life cycle costs and the role they play in planning.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

187

Cost Estimation Package  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter focuses on the components (or elements) of the cost estimation package and their documentation.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

188

Producing liquid fuels from coal: prospects and policy issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increase in world oil prices since 2003 has prompted renewed interest in producing and using liquid fuels from unconventional resources, such as biomass, oil shale, and coal. This book focuses on issues and options associated with establishing a commercial coal-to-liquids (CTL) industry within the United States. It describes the technical status, costs, and performance of methods that are available for producing liquids from coal; the key energy and environmental policy issues associated with CTL development; the impediments to early commercial experience; and the efficacy of alternative federal incentives in promoting early commercial experience. Because coal is not the only near-term option for meeting liquid-fuel needs, this book also briefly reviews the benefits and limitations of other approaches, including the development of oil shale resources, the further development of biomass resources, and increasing dependence on imported petroleum. A companion document provides a detailed description of incentive packages that the federal government could offer to encourage private-sector investors to pursue early CTL production experience while reducing the probability of bad outcomes and limiting the costs that might be required to motivate those investors. (See Rand Technical Report TR586, Camm, Bartis, and Bushman, 2008.) 114 refs., 2 figs., 16 tabs., 3 apps.

James T. Bartis; Frank Camm; David S. Ortiz

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

University Policy Process Style Guidelines for University Policy Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Policy Process Style Guidelines for University Policy Documents 1 S:\\4every1\\Policy\\Univ Policy Improvement\\Final Docs\\Style Guidelines-UPP.docx Policy Name Do not include "Policy" or "Policy on specific applications such as "anyone operating university owned or operated vehicles". POLICY (required

Jones, Michelle

190

Optimization Online Moderation Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online Copyright Policy Copyright Policy By submitting a paper, all authors of the paper agree that other users of Optimization Online can download

191

National Energy Policy (Complete)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Policy May 2001 Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group Reliable, Affordable, and Environmentally Sound Energy for America's Future Report of the National...

192

Compositional Policy Priors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes a probabilistic framework for incorporating structured inductive biases into reinforcement learning. These inductive biases arise from policy priors, probability distributions over optimal policies. ...

Wingate, David

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

EMAIL COMMUNICATION POLICY I. Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EMAIL COMMUNICATION POLICY I. Policy Statement It is the policy of Portland State University that the University E-Mail System is an appropriate medium for Official Communications from the University to employees and students. It is the responsibility of employees and students to receive such communications

Bertini, Robert L.

194

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title: Procedures for Faculty Appeal Tribunals are used in these procedures: 1. `Appellant' means a faculty member who is entitled to appeal a tenure, within the Policy, Section IV, clauses 6(a) and 6(b). II Documents Governing Appeal Procedures

Hitchcock, Adam P.

195

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title: Procedures for University Reviews copy held by the policy owner, the written copy prevails. #12;Procedures for University Reviews of Academic Departments April 28, 2005 1 Procedures for University Reviews of Academic Departments1 I

Haykin, Simon

196

Policy Brief Policy Brief 2-13  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) TVA could be acquired by a single investor-owned utility (IOU). This scenario is unlikely, especiallyPolicy Brief 1 Policy Brief 2-13 Should the Federal Government Sell TVA? Mary R. English, Ph and the environment, global security, and leadership and governance. Howard H. Baker Jr. Center for Public Policy 1640

Tennessee, University of

197

OOTW COST TOOLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports the results of a study of cost tools to support the analysis of Operations Other Than War (OOTW). It recommends the continued development of the Department of Defense (DoD) Contingency Operational Support Tool (COST) as the basic cost analysis tool for 00TWS. It also recommends modifications to be included in future versions of COST and the development of an 00TW mission planning tool to supply valid input for costing.

HARTLEY, D.S.III; PACKARD, S.L.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Strategic Sequencing for State Distributed PV Policies: A Quantitative Analysis of Policy Impacts and Interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State and local policymakers show increasing interest in spurring the development of customer-sited distributed generation (DG), in particular solar photovoltaic (PV) markets. Prompted by that interest, this analysis examines the use of state policy as a tool to support the development of a robust private investment market. This analysis builds on previous studies that focus on government subsidies to reduce installation costs of individual projects and provides an evaluation of the impacts of policies on stimulating private market development.

Doris, E.; Krasko, V.A.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Hazardous Materials Shipping Policy for Laboratories Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Hazardous Materials Shipping Policy for Laboratories Policy Statement In order to ensure shall follow the procedures established in this policy. Reason for Policy/Purpose Transportation # Policy Statement............................................................................... 1 Reason

Shull, Kenneth R.

200

Policy Title: Travel HARVARD UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL POLICY Responsible Office: UFS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Title: Travel HARVARD UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL POLICY Responsible Office: UFS Effective Date: July 1, 2010 Revision Date: July 14, 2010TRAVEL Policy Number: TR104 HARVARD UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL POLICY POLICY STATEMENT Harvard University reimburses for necessary and reasonable travel expenses

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Facilities Services No Idling Policy 1. Applicability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution. Turning off a vehicle is a simple and cost-effective way to reduce noise, reduce greenhouse gas of all Facilities Services vehicles and equipment 1.2. This policy applies to all vendors and contractors working for Facilities Services. 2. Rationale 2.1. Engine emissions are increasingly connected to a wide

Dyer, Bill

202

NIH Public Policy Delay before Open  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publisher NIH Public Policy Compliance Delay before Open Access NIH Partner? Who Submits article American Physiological Society Yes 12 months Yes Publisher (author needs to report NIH funding) also offers stage (however, agreement allows for this posting at no cost for NIH funded articles) Cell Cycle

Polz, Martin

203

Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of Health and Care Interventions Responsiveprogrammeto of conducting economic evaluation The methodological approaches to this responsive strand of work can take. This project will develop fresh approaches to economic evaluations to advise on cost- effectiveness

Oakley, Jeremy

204

Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elec Del Cali: Del Investment Cost Delivery Cost OperatingCost Feedstock Cost Investment Cost Delivery Cost Operatingcosts Annualized investment cost, 1000$/yr Total annualized

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy, water and land are scarce resources, critical to humans. Developments in each affect the availability and cost of the others, and consequently human prosperity. Measures to limit greenhouse gas concentrations will inevitably exact dramatic changes on energy and land systems and in turn alter the character, magnitude and geographic distribution of human claims on water resources. We employ the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), an integrated assessment model to explore the interactions of energy, land and water systems in the context of alternative policies to limit climate change to three alternative levels: 2.5 Wm-2 (445 ppm CO2-e), 3.5 Wm-2 (535 ppm CO2-e) and 4.5 Wm-2 (645 ppm CO2-e). We explore the effects of alternative land-use emissions mitigation policy optionsone which values terrestrial carbon emissions equally with fossil fuel and industrial emissions, and an alternative which places no penalty on land-use change emissions. We find that increasing populations and economic growth could be anticipated to lead to increased demand for water for agricultural systems (+200%), even in the absence of climate change. In general policies to mitigate climate change will increase agricultural demands for water, regardless of whether or not terrestrial carbon is valued or not. Burgeoning demands for water are driven by the demand for bioenergy in response to emissions mitigation policies. We also find that the policy matters. Increases in the demand for water when terrestrial carbon emissions go un-prices are vastly larger than when terrestrial system carbon emissions are prices at the same rate as fossil fuel and industrial emissions. Our estimates for increased water demands when terrestrial carbon systems go un-priced are larger than earlier studies. We find that the deployment of improved irrigation delivery systems could mitigate some of the increase in water demands, but cannot reverse the increases in water demands when terrestrial carbon emissions go un-priced. Finally we estimates that the geospatial pattern of water demands could stress some parts of the world, e.g. China, India and other countries in south and east Asia, earlier and more intensely than in other parts of the world, e.g. North America.

Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Wise, Marshall A.

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

206

Economics, ethics, and climate policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are the costs of greenhouse gas emissions abatement justified by the perceived benefits of sustained climate stability Do people of the present generation have a moral right to impose climate risks on their descendants in generations to come This report examines these questions in light of the emergent facts of climate science and their socioeconomic implications. We consider alternative normative criteria for social decision-making with particular emphasis on cost-benefit analysis and the principle of sustainable development. While each framework yields important insights, we argue that the gross uncertainties associated with climate change and the distribution of impacts between present and future generations constrain the usefulness of cost-benefit criteria in evaluating climate policy. If one accepts the ethical proposition that it is morally wrong to impose catastrophic risks on unborn generations when reducing those risks would not noticeably diminish the quality of life of existing persons, a case can be made for concerted policy action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Howarth, R.B.; Monahan, P.A.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Economics, ethics, and climate policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are the costs of greenhouse gas emissions abatement justified by the perceived benefits of sustained climate stability? Do people of the present generation have a moral right to impose climate risks on their descendants in generations to come? This report examines these questions in light of the emergent facts of climate science and their socioeconomic implications. We consider alternative normative criteria for social decision-making with particular emphasis on cost-benefit analysis and the principle of sustainable development. While each framework yields important insights, we argue that the gross uncertainties associated with climate change and the distribution of impacts between present and future generations constrain the usefulness of cost-benefit criteria in evaluating climate policy. If one accepts the ethical proposition that it is morally wrong to impose catastrophic risks on unborn generations when reducing those risks would not noticeably diminish the quality of life of existing persons, a case can be made for concerted policy action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Howarth, R.B.; Monahan, P.A.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Recognition Policy-1 SORORITY LIFE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recognition Policy- 1 & FRATERNITY SORORITY LIFE RECOGNITION POLICY 2013 #12;Recognition Policy- 2 RECOGNITION POLICY FOR FRATERNITIES AND SORORITIES COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY DEFINITION Recognition to be granted or rescinded. For the purpose of this recognition policy, the terms "fraternity" and "sorority

Hone, James

209

Successful Track Record with Diverse Policies (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Clean Energy Solutions Center helps governments, advisors, and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. Through its no-cost offerings, the Solutions Center enables countries to learn from and share policy best practices, data, and analysis tools, creating an international dialogue on clean energy policies that raises global awareness of emerging policy issues and innovations. As part of these efforts, the Solutions Center provides an indispensable service by connecting those seeking policy information and advice with a policy expert who can help them achieve their goals. The Solutions Center's Ask an Expert service matches policymakers with one of the more than 30 global experts selected as authoritative leaders on specific clean energy policy topics.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Taxes Versus Quantities for a Stock Pollutant with Endogenous Abatement Costs and Asymmetric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taxes Versus Quantities for a Stock Pollutant with Endogenous Abatement Costs and Asymmetric a (strategic) regulator and (nonstrate- gic) firms have asymmetric information about abatement costs, and all abatement costs. For general functional forms, firms' investment policy is information-constrained efficient

Karp, Larry S.

211

Energy Policy and Economics 021 "Dynamics of the Oil Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy and Economics 021 "Dynamics of the Oil Transition: Modeling Capacity, Costs of the oil transition: modeling capacity, costs, and emissions Adam R. Brandt and Alexander E. Farrell Energy, and Emissions" Adam R. Brandt and Alexander E. Farrell Energy and Resources Group, University of California

Kammen, Daniel M.

212

Direct/Indirect Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter provides recommended categories for direct and indirect elements developed by the Committee for Cost Methods Development (CCMD) and describes various estimating techniques for direct and indirect costs.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

Student Representation System Policy Student Representation System Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Student Representation System Policy 2013-14 Student Representation System Policy UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM STUDENT REPRESENTATION SYSTEM POLICY #12;Policy Student Representation System Policy 2013-14 Student Representation System Policy Index of points 1. Introduction 2. Purpose 3. Core Principles 4

Birmingham, University of

214

01.03 1 Policy & Regulation Manuals REGENTS' POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01.03 1 Policy & Regulation Manuals REGENTS' POLICY PART I ­ MISSION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS Chapter 01.03 ­ Policy and Regulation Manuals P01.03.010. Policies and Regulations; Manuals. A. Policies by the President of the University. Adopted policies shall be maintained in the form of a Policy Manual and set out

Pantaleone, Jim

215

Environmental Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Cost Analysis David Edge Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission 131 ESL-IE-00-04-21 Proceedings from the Twenty-second National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 2000 Tuas Natural... Resource Conservation CorDDliuion Environmental Cost Analysis Presented By David Edge Determine the Costs c> Input co Output c> Hidden c> Capital (non recurring) Envirormenlal Cost Analy.;is "There has to be a measurable result...

Edge, D.

216

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Non-Cost Barriers to Consumer Adoption of New Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consumer preferences are key to the adoption of new vehicle technologies. Barriers to consumer adoption include price and other obstacles, such as limited driving range and charging infrastructure; unfamiliarity with the technology and uncertainty about direct benefits; limited makes and models with the technology; reputation or perception of the technology; standardization issues; and regulations. For each of these non-cost barriers, this report estimates an effective cost and summarizes underlying influences on consumer preferences, approximate magnitude and relative severity, and assesses potential actions, based on a comprehensive literature review. While the report concludes that non-cost barriers are significant, effective cost and potential market share are very uncertain. Policies and programs including opportunities for drivers to test drive advanced vehicles, general public outreach and information programs, incentives for providing charging and fueling infrastructure, and development of technology standards were examined for their ability to address barriers, but little quantitative data exists on the effectiveness of these measures. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

Stephens, T.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed review of the most up to date data available on power plant cycling costs. The primary objective of this report is to increase awareness of power plant cycling cost, the use of these costs in renewable integration studies and to stimulate debate between policymakers, system dispatchers, plant personnel and power utilities.

Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Lefton, S.; Agan, D.; Hilleman, D.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Carbon Offsets as a Cost Containment Instrument: A Case Study of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Offsets as a Cost Containment Instrument: A Case Study of Reducing Emissions from and Policy Program #12;2 #12;3 Carbon Offsets as a Cost Containment Instrument: A Case Study of Reducing in Technology and Policy Abstract Carbon offset is one type of flexibility mechanism in greenhouse gas emission

219

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for Utilities, Clean Energy Policies in States and Communities, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)...

220

Cost effective lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen-hours are determined for each lamp system. We find the most important lighting cost component is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial cost of $15.00, is the most cost effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined. 3 refs., 6 tabs.

Morse, O.; Verderber, R.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

FUEL CASK IMPACT LIMITER VULNERABILITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cylindrical fuel casks often have impact limiters surrounding just the ends of the cask shaft in a typical 'dumbbell' arrangement. The primary purpose of these impact limiters is to absorb energy to reduce loads on the cask structure during impacts associated with a severe accident. Impact limiters are also credited in many packages with protecting closure seals and maintaining lower peak temperatures during fire events. For this credit to be taken in safety analyses, the impact limiter attachment system must be shown to retain the impact limiter following Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) impacts. Large casks are often certified by analysis only because of the costs associated with testing. Therefore, some cask impact limiter attachment systems have not been tested in real impacts. A recent structural analysis of the T-3 Spent Fuel Containment Cask found problems with the design of the impact limiter attachment system. Assumptions in the original Safety Analysis for Packaging (SARP) concerning the loading in the attachment bolts were found to be inaccurate in certain drop orientations. This paper documents the lessons learned and their applicability to impact limiter attachment system designs.

Leduc, D; Jeffery England, J; Roy Rothermel, R

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

222

Post Award Auditing of Cost Reimbursable Subcontracts Policy | The Ames  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006PhotovoltaicSeptember 22, 2014 InCollective Excitation in085

223

Cost and Impacts of Policies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate EarthEnergyDistrictAssistance Recipients |and Impacts

224

Fertility Limits on Local Politicians in India Abhishek Chakravarty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., sterilization incentives in India). This paper examines a novel policy experiment that imposes fertility limitsFertility Limits on Local Politicians in India S Anukriti Abhishek Chakravarty September 19, 2014: political leaders. Keywords: India, Local Elections, Fertility Limits, Sex Ratios, Population Control We

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

225

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

Little, Peter C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Policy Flash 2005-53  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

POLICY FLASH 2013-40 DATE: March 19, 2013 TO: Procurement Directors FROM: Director Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division Office of Policy Office of Procurement and...

228

Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

Little, Peter C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costs Annualized Investment Cost, 1000$/yr Total AnnualizedH2 Fueling Stations Investment Cost Cost ($/yr) OperatingH2 Fueling Stations Investment Cost Cost ($/kg) Operating

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, J; Jianxin, Ma

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

PRIVACY POLICY AND PROCEDURES Policy #: 2100.16 LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Page: 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health Information to carry out treatment, obtain payment or conduct health care operations. POLICY: All treatment, obtain payment for services, or to conduct certain health care operations. DEFINITIONS: Covered, such as conducting cost management and planning related analyses related to managing and operating the entity

231

Sustainability policy and environmental policy John C. V. Pezzey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability policy and environmental policy John C. V. Pezzey Australian National University Economics and Environment Network Working Paper EEN0211 October 2002 #12;Sustainability Policy and Environmental Policy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National

Pezzey, Jack

232

Economic Growth, Physical Limits and Liveability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on criteria air contaminants, water use, land use, greenhouse gas emissions and solid waste disposal and population growth, impose the physical limits and then simulate household and firm responses to policy and assess the resulting implications for liveability in the region. I measure liveability using 24

233

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title: Faculty General Grievance Procedure. OBJECTIVE This Procedure is designed to provide McMaster faculty members with prompt and impartial by existing, specific review procedures. It is intended to facilitate and promote informal resolution

Haykin, Simon

234

Patent and Copyright Policy I. Patent Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K-1 04/2013 Appendix K Patent and Copyright Policy I. Patent Policy A. Functions of Patents Illinois Institute of Technology recognizes that patents on inventions arising from university research serve several important functions. A patent: 1. ensures that the potential scientific and social

Heller, Barbara

235

Office of Security Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Security Policy is the central source within the Department of Energy for the development and analysis of safeguards and security policies and standards affecting facilities, nuclear materials, personnel, and classified information.

236

Family Policy in Scotland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This briefing looks at the development of family policy in Scotland, considers the interplay between devolved and reserved matters, outlines the Departments of the Scottish Executive responsible for family policy, and considers the relationship...

Wasoff, Fran; Hill, Malcolm

237

Financing investments in renewable energy: The role of policy design and restructuring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The costs of electric power projects utilizing renewable energy technologies are highly sensitive to financing terms. Consequently, as the electricity industry is restructured and new renewables policies are created, it is important for policymakers to consider the impacts of renewables policy design on project financing. This report describes the power plant financing process and provides insights to policymakers on the important nexus between renewables policy design and finance. A cash-flow model is used to estimate the impact of various financing variables on renewable energy costs. Past and current renewable energy policies are then evaluated to demonstrate the influence of policy design on the financing process and on financing costs. The possible impacts of electricity restructuring on power plant financing are discussed and key design issues are identified for three specific renewable energy programs being considered in the restructuring process: (1) surcharge-funded policies; (2) renewables portfolio standards; and (3) green marketing programs. Finally, several policies that are intended to directly reduce financing costs and barriers are analyzed. The authors find that one of the key reasons that renewables policies are not more effective is that project development and financing processes are frequently ignored or misunderstood when designing and implementing renewable energy incentives. A policy that is carefully designed can reduce renewable energy costs dramatically by providing revenue certainty that will, in turn, reduce financing risk premiums.

Wiser, R.; Pickle, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Pension costs and liabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be to charge the cost over the current and subsequent years on the assumption that the cost, even though measured by past services, is incurred in contemplation of present and future 1 services. 1'he development of accounting thought concerning retire...? present liabilities are under- stated and owner's equity is overstated by a corresponding amount. It seems, however, that charging retained earnings with the past service cost does not, represent the true picture. Pension payments based solely on past...

Courtney, Harley Macon

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

LMFBR fuel component costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A significant portion of the cost of fabricating LMFBR fuels is in the non-fuel components such as fuel pin cladding, fuel assembly ducts and end fittings. The contribution of these to fuel fabrication costs, based on FFTF experience and extrapolated to large LMFBR fuel loadings, is discussed. The extrapolation considers the expected effects of LMFBR development programs in progress on non-fuel component costs.

Epperson, E.M.; Borisch, R.R.; Rice, L.H.

1981-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Administrative Policy: Drop/Add Policy Page 1 of 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administrative Policy: Drop/Add Policy Page 1 of 1 Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Administrative Policy DROP/ADD POLICY Approved: October 1997 Revised: 2002; 2004; June 8, 2011 Deans' Council. There is no automatic drop policy for nonattendance. PASSHE universities are expected to adhere to the System

Hardy, Christopher R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Policy Name: Policy on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Name: Policy on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, Canada Committee Date of Original Policy: May 24, 1995 Last Updated: November 2013 Mandatory Revision Date: November 2018 Contact: University Secretary Policy: [Note: This Policy replaces the policy known as "Access

Dawson, Jeff W.

242

University of Oxford Transgender Policy Purpose of this policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Oxford Transgender Policy Purpose of this policy 1. The purpose of this policy the process of gender reassignment. The policy and associated guidance give more detail on how the Universitys Equality Policy applies to transgender people. 2. This policy also supports members of the University

Henderson, Gideon

243

Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website Policy and Procedure Writing Tips Updated May 2009 Page 1 of 2 · Differentiate between policies and procedures. o University Policies review and approval for policy issuance and revision. o University Procedures are the processes

Pedersen, Tom

244

Policy Flashes | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Policy Flashes Policy Flashes The following is a list of Policy Flashes issued by the Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy. These files are in PDF (Portable Document Files)...

245

Energy-efficiency and environmental policies & income supplements in the UK: Their evolution and distributional impact in relation to domestic energy bills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of houses; this research draws attention towards the need for definitive evidence on the ways in which energy suppliers charge policy costs from their domestic customers. This would facilitate in making the future policies more empirically grounded...

Chawla, Mallika; Pollitt, Michael G.

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

246

Hydrogen and Infrastructure Costs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen and Infrastructure Costs Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop Washington D.C. February 17, 2011 Fred Joseck U.S. Department of...

247

Target Cost Management Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Target cost management (TCM) is an innovation of Japanese management accounting system and by common sense has been considered with great interest by practitioners. Nowadays, TCM related

Okano, Hiroshi

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Apportioning Climate Change Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apportioning Climate Change Costs Daniel A. Farber* I. II.ON CLIMATE CHANGE FOUR QUESTIONS ABOUTof how to respond to climate change. Most public attention

Farber, Daniel A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY The student travel policy is subject to the standardized the following funding sources: Activity and Services (A & S) fees, Revenues, and Auxiliary fund. The student travel policy incorporates by reference in the University Regulation 4.006 Student Government and Student

Fernandez, Eduardo

250

Environmental Policy Document Ref  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Document Environmental Policy Document Ref EMS.POL.001 Last Revision March 2013 Revision No 5 Page 1 of 1 Environmental Policy Through teaching and research the University of the West of England should be managed so as to minimise environmental harm. This policy commits the University of the West

Aickelin, Uwe

251

policyELSEVIER Research Policy 26 (1997) 157-168 Policy for science for policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A commentary on Lambright on ozone depletion and acid rain Roger A. Pielke Jr. a,*, Michele M. Betsill b a En. We find that the primary lesson of the ozone experience, supported in the case of acid rain, lies: Ozone depletion; Acid rain; Policy relevance; Policy-for-science-for-policy 1. Introduction

Colorado at Boulder, University of

252

General Equilibrium, Electricity Generation Technologies and the Cost of Carbon Abatement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity generation is a major contributor to carbon dioxide emissions, and a key determinant of abatement costs. Ex-ante assessments of carbon policies mainly rely on either of two modeling paradigms: (i) partial ...

Lanz, Bruno, 1980-

253

Technology Support for Libraries Employees Working from Home Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Support for Libraries Employees Working from Home Policy The Systems Department provides limited information technology support for L faculty who work at home and for staff who work campus guidelines and policies related to "mobile" computers. Systems will offer regular required

Stowell, Michael

254

Mobile Device Security Policy 1.0 Purpose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Device Security Policy COE­MDS­01 1.0 Purpose The purpose of this policy is to establish security requirements for mobile devices to prevent sensitive or confidential data from being lost or compromised. A wide variety of mobile devices contain electronically stored data including, but not limited to

Demirel, Melik C.

255

Security Policy Testing via Automated Program Code Generation (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-language-specific coverage crite- ria [5, 6] and test generation algorithms [4, 5]. One limitation of these previous testingSecurity Policy Testing via Automated Program Code Generation (Extended Abstract) Ting Yu North's sophisticated access control policies. Similar to quality assurance of software systems, testing techniques [4

Xie, Tao

256

University Policy Process Short Version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rev. 5/09 University Policy Process Short Version Conduct Analysis Draft Documents Get Approvals. Identify policy owner 3. Assemble team 4. Engage Stakeholders 5. Draft policy 6. Submit proposed policy approves (or not) Do we need a policy? 11. Plan communication & training 12. UPO posts approved policy

Mohanty, Saraju P.

257

UO Policy Library Resource for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UO Policy Library Resource for Policy Owners To ensure University- wide consistency in the formulation, review, approval, and implementation of policies, the Policy Library has provided a resource section for policy owners. It helps answer questions such as: Is this a policy or procedure? What

Oregon, University of

258

Carbon sequestration and carbon management policy effects on production agriculture in the Texas High Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, especially of carbon dioxide, has led to attempts to implement carbon policies in order to limit and (more)

Zivkovic, Sanja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

CO2 Mitigation Costs for Canada and the Alberta Oil Sands Justin David Anderson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction and Policy Analysis tool to better understand the costs of the policies and the emission;2 Abstract The threat of climate change proposes difficult problems for regulators and decision-makers in terms of uncertainties, varying exposures to risks and different attitudes towards risk among nations

260

An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

existing avoided cost methodology and established thefor certain avoided cost methodologies or avoided cost inpu

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

RES.STP.001 Science Policy Bootcamp, January IAP 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The careers of MIT scientists and engineers are significantly determined by public policy decisions made in Washington by the government. However, their access to information on how this system works is limited. Meanwhile, ...

Bonvillian, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

UCC POLICY ON CAMPUS COMPANIES Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCC POLICY ON CAMPUS COMPANIES Introduction 1. It is now accepted that the role of the University in which it is located. 2. The establishment of a campus company is one vehicle for exploiting the output who wish to create a campus company. 3. A campus company is a private limited company

Schellekens, Michel P.

263

Library Reserved Room Policy All Meeting Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Library Reserved Room Policy All Meeting Spaces Room reservation To make a reservation for any Library meeting space, complete the room reservation form at http://library.syr.edu/services/space/form-findroom.php. In order to provide equitable access to library spaces, the Library may impose limitations on frequency

Mather, Patrick T.

264

Bayesian Policy Search with Policy Priors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of learning to act in partially observable, continuous-state-and-action worlds where we have abstract prior knowledge about the structure of the optimal policy in the form of a distribution over ...

Wingate, David

265

What does the 2C Target Imply for a Global Climate Agreement in 2020? The LIMITS Study on Durban Action Platform Scenarios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a novel and comprehensive model?based assessment of possible outcomes of the Durban Platform negotiations with a focus on emissions reduction requirements, the consistency with the 2C target and global economic impacts. The Durban Action scenarios investigated in the LIMITS studyall assuming the implementation of comprehensive global emission reductions after 2020, but assuming different 2020 emission reduction levels and different long?term stabilization targetsshow that the probability of exceeding the 2C limit increases with stabilization target from below one third for 450?470 ppm to 40?60% for 490?510 ppm in 2100. Global time?averaged economic costs of the Durban Action scenarios are limited across models, and are largely unaffected by the stringency of 2020 pledges. By contrast, the economic impact of delaying action beyond 2030 is much stronger on transitional costs. The main significance of short term action in the period 2010?2030 lies in preparing the ground for steep emissions reductions thereafter by inducing global emissions to peak and decline. The institutional challenges of all scenarios with fragmented near?term climate policy can be expected to be high as reflected in a steep rise of carbon prices and decarbonization rates until 2040. We conclude that an agreement on comprehensive emissions reductions to be implemented from 2020 onwards has particular significance for meeting long term climate policy objectives.

Kriegler, Elmar; Tavoni, Massimo; Aboumahboub, Tino; Luderer, Gunnar; Calvin, Katherine V.; DeMaere, Gauthier; Krey, Volker; Riahi, Keywan; Rosler, Hilke; Schaeffer, Michiel; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Evidence of cost growth under cost-plus and fixed-price contracting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As defined by the US Department of Energy (DOE), privatization refers to a shifting of responsibilities for the completion of projects from a cost-plus Management and Operations (M and O) contract, to incentive-based contracts with the private sector. DOE`s new vision is to arrange cleanup work around incentives-based contracts, which are won via competitive bidding. Competition in awarding cleanup contracts can make use of market incentives to lower project costs and reduce slippage time. Fixed-price contracts encourage contractors to minimize schedule delays and cost overruns once the scope of a project has been negotiated. Conversely, cost-plus contracting offers weak incentives for contractors to select cost-minimizing production and management approaches. Because privatization explicitly allocates more risk to the contractor, it forces the government to better define its goals and methods. This study summarizes actual cost experiences with government contracts performed under cost-plus and fixed-price incentive structures at all levels of government. The first section provides some background on the problem of making contractor activity more cost-efficient. Following this are sections on the measurement of performance and the costs of projects, limitations on measurement, and findings of similar studies. The study concludes with appendices discussing the details of the performance measurement methodology and the project data sets used in the study.

Scott, M.J.; Paananaen, O.H.; Redgate, T.E.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Jaksch, J.A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Complete Policy Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and services that minimize environmental impacts. Environmental benefits may include reduced life cycle costs, remanufactured toner cartridges, rechargeable batteries); o are recyclable (uncoated recyclable paper instead

Haykin, Simon

268

EDINBURGH TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CENTRE LIMITED GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION SCHEME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDINBURGH TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CENTRE LIMITED GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION and what it might cost. Edinburgh Technology Transfer Centre Limited ("the company") has adopted the Model Unless otherwise stated, Edinburgh Technology Transfer Centre Limited reserves copyright in all

Edinburgh, University of

269

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(say, a trip) and such factors are not fully captured in this dataset. 9. Older combined cycle units were a step change in lower operating costs due to cycling...

270

Estimating Renewable Energy Costs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Some renewable energy measures, such as daylighting, passive solar heating, and cooling load avoidance, do not add much to the cost of a building. However, renewable energy technologies typically...

271

Cost Estimating Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Guide provides uniform guidance and best practices that describe the methods and procedures that could be used in all programs and projects at DOE for preparing cost estimates. No cancellations.

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

272

Investments of uncertain cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I study irreversible investment decisions when projects take time to complete, and are subject to two types of uncertainty over the cost of completion. The first is technical uncertainty, i.e., uncertainty over the amount ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy Contact: Environmental Health & Safety or Housing and Auxiliary Services Supersedes: Food Services Interim Policy 6005, February 2001 Technical Update: June 2010 Pages: 2 Interim Food Service Policy I. Scope The Interim Food Service Policy

Bigelow, Stephen

274

Policy on Husky Cards Policy on Husky Cards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Husky Cards 11/5/2013 Policy on Husky Cards I. Purpose and Scope This policy outlines Card is the official identification card of Northeastern University. III. Policy A Husky Card may purpose, or use a Husky Card for any purpose that violates university policy or applicable law

Sridhar, Srinivas

275

POLICY ON CALENDAR SUBMISSIONS University Policy No: AC1120  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POLICY ON CALENDAR SUBMISSIONS University Policy No: AC1120 Classification: Academic and Students relevant university policies and procedures, academic policies and regulations, university fees, courses and programs of study. The purpose of this policy is to outline requirements for publishing the University

Victoria, University of

276

Policy on Compliance in Athletics Policy on Compliance in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Compliance in Athletics 07/1/2014 Policy on Compliance in Athletics I. Purpose and Scope conference rules, and university policies and procedures. This policy applies to student with athletics rules, policies and procedures, including NCAA rules and regulations. Other terms used herein

Sridhar, Srinivas

277

FINANCIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST POLICY I. Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FINANCIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST POLICY I. Policy Statement Portland State University (PSU be reviewed and, if warranted, managed. This policy establishes the process of disclosure, review and management. II. Reason for Policy/Purpose This document sets forth PSU's policy on the disclosure, review

Bertini, Robert L.

278

Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012 Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To manage the development and maintenance of a robust and responsive policy framework that aligns the University's practices with its strategic objectives. 2. POLICY STATEMENT The Policy Framework consists

279

UMBC POLICY ON LOST AND FOUND PROPERTY I. POLICY STATEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UMBC POLICY ON LOST AND FOUND PROPERTY I. POLICY STATEMENT The UMBC community will have access to a University Policy on Lost and Found Property. II. PURPOSE OF THE POLICY The purpose of the Lost and Found Property Policy is to provide procedures for the accountability and safekeeping of currency and tangible

Adali, Tulay

280

Policy Brief www.purdue.edu/globalpolicy Global Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Brief www.purdue.edu/globalpolicy Global Policy Research Institute Policy Brief No. 6 Global Policy Research Institute 1341 Northwestern Avenue West Lafayette, IN 47906 Phone: (765) 496-6788 Fax: (765) 463-1837 www.purdue.edu/globalpolicy Overview: The Role of Information Policy in Resolving

Holland, Jeffrey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CUNY CONFLICT OF INTEREST POLICY 1. General Statement of Policy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CUNY CONFLICT OF INTEREST POLICY 1. General Statement of Policy. It is the policy's credibility, objectivity, or fairness. Every individual to whom this Policy is applicable (each, a "Covered. Sections 2 and 3 of this Policy, which set forth the general standards of conduct and the rules regarding

Rosen, Jay

282

Public Policy@Southampton Policy Commissions Application Form April 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Policy@Southampton Policy Commissions Application Form April 2013 Section A Principal-Investigators if necessary) Section B 1. What is the specific issue, research problem or policy area your Policy Commission associated with this specific issue, research problem or policy area. (Max 500 words) 3. Who will be your non

Anderson, Jim

283

Standard costs for labor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD COSTS FOR LABOR A Thesis By MD. NURUL ABSAR KHAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texms in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... January 1960 Ma/or Sub)acts Accounting STANOAHD COSTS FOR LABOR ND, NURUL ABSAR KHAN Approved as t style and content bys Chairman of Committee Head of Hepartment January 1960 The author acknowledges his indebtedness to Mr. T. M. Leland, Mr. T. D...

Khan, Mohammed Nurul Absar

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Essays on energy and environmental policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.3 Simplethe Wind: Renewable Energy Policies and Air Pollu- tion3.4 Policy Evaluation . . . . . .

Novan, Kevin Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Watershed Management Policy (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is state policy to manage groundwater and surface water resources from the perspective of aquifers, watersheds, and river basins to achieve protection, preservation, enhancement, and restoration...

286

Departmental Directives Program Policy  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Policy provides formal and organized communication of the Department's expectations for performance of work within the DOE complex. Cancels DOE P 251.1

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

MA 22400 -- CALCULATOR POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA 22400 -- CALCULATOR POLICY. A ONE-LINE scientific calculator is REQUIRED. No other calculator is allowed. RECOMMENDED: TI-30Xa calculator

OwenDavis

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Work Area Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY X.X.X. Volume V, Information Technology. Chapter 6, Acceptable Safety Work Locations. Issuing Office: Department of Mathematics. Responsible...

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Maine Rivers Policy (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Maine Rivers Policy accompanies the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act and provides additional protection for some river and stream segments, which are designated as outstanding...

290

Evaluating Energy Efficiency Policies with Energy-Economy Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growing complexities of energy systems, environmental problems and technology markets are driving and testing most energy-economy models to their limits. To further advance bottom-up models from a multidisciplinary energy efficiency policy evaluation perspective, we review and critically analyse bottom-up energy-economy models and corresponding evaluation studies on energy efficiency policies to induce technological change. We use the household sector as a case study. Our analysis focuses on decision frameworks for technology choice, type of evaluation being carried out, treatment of market and behavioural failures, evaluated policy instruments, and key determinants used to mimic policy instruments. Although the review confirms criticism related to energy-economy models (e.g. unrealistic representation of decision-making by consumers when choosing technologies), they provide valuable guidance for policy evaluation related to energy efficiency. Different areas to further advance models remain open, particularly related to modelling issues, techno-economic and environmental aspects, behavioural determinants, and policy considerations.

Mundaca, Luis; Neij, Lena; Worrell, Ernst; McNeil, Michael A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A simplified and scalable should-cost tool in the oilfield services industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Third party spend accounts for a significant amount of a business' costs. When procuring unique, highly-engineered components, this cost is often negotiated with suppliers during the procurement process. Due to the limited ...

Mealer, Clayton M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Economic costs and environmental impacts of alternative fuel vehicle fleets in local government: An interim assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic costs and environmental impacts of alternative fuel vehicle fleets in local government. This paper examines the cost effectiveness and environmental impact of the conversion of a 180 plus vehicle of Civil and Materials Engineering, and Institute for Environmental Science and Policy, University

Illinois at Chicago, University of

293

Economic Costs and Benefits of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project (TMX)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Costs and Benefits of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project (TMX) for BC and Metro.thegoodman.com November 10, 2014 #12;SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY Economic Costs and Benefits of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project (TMX) for BC and Metro Vancouver ii Table of Contents 1 Executive Summary

294

FUEL CELL SYSTEM ECONOMICS: COMPARING THE COSTS OF GENERATING POWER WITH STATIONARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUEL CELL SYSTEM ECONOMICS: COMPARING THE COSTS OF GENERATING POWER WITH STATIONARY AND MOTOR VEHICLE PEM FUEL CELL SYSTEMS UCD-ITS-RP-04-21 April 2004 by Timothy Lipman University of California: itspublications@ucdavis.edu #12;Energy Policy 32 (2004) 101125 Fuel cell system economics: comparing the costs

Kammen, Daniel M.

295

Development of a low-cost underwater manipulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design, modeling, manufacture, and testing of a low cost, multiple degree-of-freedom underwater manipulator. Current underwater robotic arm technologies are often expensive or limited in functionality. ...

Cooney, Lauren Alise

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies in China, Renewable Energy Policy Network for theStatus Report 2011, Renewable Energy Policy Network for thesection summarizes renewable energy policies in Brazil, US,

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Policy Guidance Memorandum | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policy Guidance Memorandum Policy Guidance Memorandum Documents Available for Download POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 38 EXCEPTION TO POLICY REGARDING QUALITY STEP INCREASES This has...

298

UTS Policy Framework: Introduction 11.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UTS Policy Framework: user guide Contents Introduction 11. TheroleofpolicywithintheUniversity 12 Policytemplate 64kbWord Directivetemplate 64kbWord Coversheets Coversheet--policies 48kbWord Coversheet--academicpolicies 48kbWord Coversheet--directives 48kbWord Policy Tools PolicyTool1:IssuesLog 60kbWord PolicyTool2

University of Technology, Sydney

299

Regulatory treatment of allowances and compliance costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) established a national emission allowance trading system, a market-based form of environmental regulation designed to reduce and limit sulfur dioxide emissions. However, the allowance trading system is being applied primarily to an economically regulated electric utility industry. The combining of the new form of environmental regulation and economic regulation of electric utilities has raised a number of questions including what the role should be of the federal and state utility regulating commissions and how those actions will affect the decision making process of the utilities and the allowance market. There are several dimensions to the regulatory problems that commissions face. Allowances and utility compliance expenditures have implications for least-cost/IPR (integrated resource planning), prudence review procedures, holding company and multistate utility regulation and ratemaking treatment. The focus of this paper is on the ratemaking treatment. The following topics are covered: ratemaking treatment of allowances and compliance costs; Traditional cost-recovery mechanisms; limitations to the traditional approach; traditional approach and the allowance trading market; market-based cost recovery mechanisms; methods of determining the benchmark; determining the split between ratepayers and the utility; other regulatory approaches; limitations of incentive mechanisms.

Rose, K. [National Regulatory Research Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the utility's generation, load and tie-line flows over the study time period. Due to the common lack by most be used by a utility to estimate the actual cost of congestion on its transmission system using limited interconnected grid (i.e., the Eastern Interconnect), costs for the utility's generators, and then hourly values

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Condition-based maintenance under an imperfect repair policy for a deteriorating production system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is periodically monitored. Imperfect preventive maintenance activities, which restore the production system policy, both linear and non-linear imperfect preventive maintenance cost functions are investigated preventive maintenance (or preventive replacement) is usually used. After each preventive maintenance action

Boyer, Edmond

302

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the vehicle market. Contents 1. Technology Choice and Market Interaction.................................................................................... 1 2. The CGE and Engineering Process Models.................................................................................... 4 2.1 The EPPA Model of Emissions and Policy Cost

303

Impacts of Land Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact on climate of future land use and energy policy scenarios is explored using two landuse frameworks: (i) Pure Cost Conversion Response (PCCR), or 'extensification', where the price of land is the only constraint ...

Hallgren, Willow

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

304

Policy Flash 2014-39 Initiatives to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Performance Goal Focused on Cost Savings Policy Flash 2014-39 Initiatives to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Performance Goal Focused...

305

Policy Flash 2014-13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4-13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation Defense and Settlement Costs Policy Flash 2014-13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation Defense and Settlement...

306

Policy Flash 2014-37 Update to the Department of Energy Acquisition...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Measurement Plans for Cost-Reimbursement, Non-Management and Operating Contracts Policy Flash 2014-37 Update to the Department of Energy Acquisition Guide Chapter 16.2,...

307

Policy Flash 2013-40 Acquisition Guide Chapter 43.3 - Maintaining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Contract Management of Non-Management and Operating (M&O) Cost Reimburstment Contracts Policy Flash 2013-40 Acquisition Guide Chapter 43.3 - Maintaining Alignment of Project...

308

Effects of differentiating climate policy by sector : a United States example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The experience of other environmental problems suggests that policies yielding uniform marginal costs across sectors, as most analyses assume, are not likely to be realized in practice. Some sectors will be favored over ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Bautista, M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.

309

1CURA Policy Brief October 2012 POLICY BRIEFCURA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the current market, identify policy barriers to bioenergy development, and articulate principles-lastingincentivestructuresfor bioenergyproductionthatareintegratedwithotherbio-basedmarkets, including traditional forest products markets upon which bioenergy production1CURA Policy Brief · October 2012 POLICY BRIEFCURA Overcoming Barriers to Forest Bioenergy

Levinson, David M.

310

Roadway Improvement Project Cost Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadway Improvement Project Cost Allocation CTS 21st Annual Transportation Research Conference costs #12;Potential Applications · Roadway Project Feasibility Studies ­ Identified potential roadway infrastructure improvement ­ Documentation of estimated project costs ­ Determine property assessments

Minnesota, University of

311

Sunk Costs and Competitive Bidding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUNK COSTS AND COMPETITIVE BIDDING Kenneth R. FrenchRevised: November 1982 SUNK COSTS AND COMPETITIVE BIDDINGl the winning bid be? I f sunk costs do not matter, I f the

French, Kenneth R.; McCormick, Robert E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Arizona Corporation Commission requires electric utilities to conduct a cost/benefit analysis to compare the cost of line extension with the cost of installing a stand-alone photovoltaic (PV)...

313

Factors Impacting Decommissioning Costs - 13576  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) studied United States experience with decommissioning cost estimates and the factors that impact the actual cost of decommissioning projects. This study gathered available estimated and actual decommissioning costs from eight nuclear power plants in the United States to understand the major components of decommissioning costs. Major costs categories for decommissioning a nuclear power plant are removal costs, radioactive waste costs, staffing costs, and other costs. The technical factors that impact the costs were analyzed based on the plants' decommissioning experiences. Detailed cost breakdowns by major projects and other cost categories from actual power plant decommissioning experiences will be presented. Such information will be useful in planning future decommissioning and designing new plants. (authors)

Kim, Karen; McGrath, Richard [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)] [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit of Renewable Energy...

315

PHYSICAL PLANT POLICY & PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL PLANT POLICY & PROCEDURE TITLE PHYSICAL PLANT HIGH VOLTAGE PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE To establish a consistent policy of performing Preventive Maintenance on high voltage by the G.S.A. Preventive Maintenance sections E- 29 (high voltage oil circuit breaker), E-32 (high voltage

Fernandez, Eduardo

316

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY 1. Introduction University of Glasgow recognises that its activities may have effects on the environment. This Environmental Policy has been produced to affirm the University's commitment to environmental issues and to demonstrate its intention to address those issues through continual

Mottram, Nigel

317

POLICIES FOR ACHIEVING ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICIES FOR ACHIEVING ENERGY JUSTICE IN SOCIETY: BEST PRACTICES FOR APPLYING SOLAR ENERGY) Project Center for Energy and Environmental Policy University of Delaware First Publication in July 2010 FOR APPLYING SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES TO LOW-INCOME HOUSING Final Report A Renewable Energy Applications

Delaware, University of

318

Water Resources Policy & Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

Buehrer, R. Michael

319

International Energy Policy in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hana Kim Jinmi Kim Lily Lamptey Job Taminiau Mayuri Utturkar Yan Wei Center for EnergyInternational Energy Policy in the Aftermath of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster An Analysis of Energy Policies of the U.S., U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China and Korea November 2013 #12;Mailing

Delaware, University of

320

ATLAS Data Access Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS has fully supported the principle of open access in its publication policy. This document outlines the policy of ATLAS as regards open access to data at different levels as described in the DPHEP model. The main objective is to make the data available in a usable way to people external to the ATLAS collaboration.

The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

QGESS: Capital Cost Scaling Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(costs and values of inputs, outputs, and processes, including capital and operating costs) and performance (mass conversion, energy efficiency, and, generally speaking,...

322

Riverside County- Sustainable Building Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In February 2009, the County of Riverside Board of Supervisors adopted Policy Number H-29, creating the Sustainable Building Policy. The Policy requires that all new county building projects...

323

Advanced Policy Practice Spring 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Policy Practice Spring 2014 SW 548-001 Instructor course that focuses on the theory and evidence-based skill sets of policy analysis, development, implementation, and change. The course focuses on policy

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

324

Automakers' Short-Run Responses to Changing Gasoline Prices and the Implications for Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automakers' Short-Run Responses to Changing Gasoline Prices and the Implications for Energy Policy as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We estimate a selection-corrected regression equation and exploit operating costs between vehicles. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental policy JEL

Edwards, Paul N.

325

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change General Equilibrium, Electricity for research, independent policy analysis, and public education in global environmental change. It seeks.mit.edu / Printed on recycled paper #12;General Equilibrium, Electricity Generation Technologies and the Cost

326

Shortening the path to energy independence: a policy agenda to commercialize Battery-Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key to accelerating the adoption of BEVs is to reduce their incremental cost by monetizing their lifetime CO{sub 2} reduction benefits, spreading the risk of technology failure efficiently, and treating them equally with other alternative fuels in the existing fuel diversification federal policy framework. Six policy changes may help. (author)

Fontaine, Peter J.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Low Cost, Durable Seal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seal durability is critical to achieving the 2010 DOE operational life goals for both stationary and transportation PEM fuel cell stacks. The seal material must be chemically and mechanically stable in an environment consisting of aggressive operating temperatures, humidified gases, and acidic membranes. The seal must also be producible at low cost. Currentlyused seal materials do not meet all these requirements. This project developed and demonstrated a high consistency hydrocarbon rubber seal material that was able to meet the DOE technical and cost targets. Significant emphasis was placed on characterization of the material and full scale molding demonstrations.

Roberts, George; Parsons, Jason; Friedman, Jake

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

328

Cost Type Examples Salary costs for staff working  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Equipment access charges Service contracts, running costs, materials and consumables and staff time

Rambaut, Andrew

329

Your Security Policy is What??  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policy representation (IPR) to bridge the gap between aform, called the intermediate policy representation (IPR).The IPR is independent of system and infrastructure

Bishop, Matt; Peisert, Sean

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Academic Policy: Undergraduate Studies ACADEMIC AMNESTY Approved: October 1997 Revised: May 16, 2007, Deans' Council March 20, 2007, Faculty Senate Former

Hardy, Christopher R.

331

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Academic Policy: Undergraduate Studies LEAVE of ABSENCE Approved: October 1997 Reviewed: June 4, 2007 Deans' Council, Faculty Senate Students who wish

Hardy, Christopher R.

332

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Academic Policy INDEPENDENT STUDY Approved: October 1997 Reviewed: June 1, 2007 Deans' Council, Faculty Senate Independent study allows the student

Hardy, Christopher R.

333

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Academic Policy STUDY at OTHER INSTITUTIONS Approved: October 1997 Revised: Spring 2000 Reviewed: June 1, 2007 Deans' Council, Faculty Senate Undergraduate

Hardy, Christopher R.

334

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Academic Policy: Graduate Studies GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIPS Approved: October 1997 Revised: May 24, 2007 Deans' Council Graduate assistantships are awarded

Hardy, Christopher R.

335

Wildfire Policy in Transition Yellowstone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wildfire Policy in Transition 1910 #12;Yellowstone 1988 #12;Colorado South Canyon Fire 1994 #12;#12;Wildfire Policy in Transition 1910 #12;

336

Heliostat cost reduction study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power towers are capable of producing solar-generated electricity and hydrogen on a large scale. Heliostats are the most important cost element of a solar power tower plant. Since they constitute {approx} 50% of the capital cost of the plant it is important to reduce heliostat cost as much as possible to improve the economic performance of power towers. In this study we evaluate current heliostat technology and estimate a price of $126/m{sup 2} given year-2006 materials and labor costs for a deployment of {approx}600 MW of power towers per year. This 2006 price yields electricity at $0.067/kWh and hydrogen at $3.20/kg. We propose research and development that should ultimately lead to a price as low as $90/m{sup 2}, which equates to $0.056/kWh and $2.75/kg H{sup 2}. Approximately 30 heliostat and manufacturing experts from the United States, Europe, and Australia contributed to the content of this report during two separate workshops conducted at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility.

Jones, Scott A.; Lumia, Ronald. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Davenport, Roger (Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, CA); Thomas, Robert C. (Advanced Thermal Systems, Centennial, CO); Gorman, David (Advanced Thermal Systems, Larkspur, CO); Kolb, Gregory J.; Donnelly, Matthew W.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Graduate Medical Education Committee (GMEC) Policy on Accommodations for Disabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

_the_employability_and_retention_of_persons_with_disabilities_policy http://intranet.wvu.edu/human_resources/procedures/wvuhr37.htm We will work with the University Department of Human Resources and the ADA Coordinator in determining if a resident has a disability and what. The resident is responsible for the costs of verification. Approved by GMEC Taskforce 12/14/06 ACGME

Mohaghegh, Shahab

338

University Policy No.: FM5205 Classification: Financial Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources of the University. 2. CLASSIFICATION OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURES 2.1 Building Projects - Capital or room; 3.3.5 equipment and furniture requirements for the project; 3.3.6 an estimated project cost basedUniversity Policy No.: FM5205 Classification: Financial Management CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

Victoria, University of

339

Experience Curves and Solar PV Fred Heutte, Senior Policy Associate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experience Curves and Solar PV Fred Heutte, Senior Policy Associate NW Energy Coalition September 3 resources costs as being ranges rather than fixed values. It is evident that the question of future solar PV small percentage of all resources at present, there is a strong sense that once solar PV reaches "grid

340

The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO POLICIES and PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO POLICIES and PROCEDURES 2.4 STUDENT FEES Classification by the Ministry of Education and Training, are fees levied to cover the costs of items that are not normally paid are: Student Development Centre Financial Aid Office First Year Programs (Centre for New Students

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Energy Policy and Economics CIT 39612 (EPP 19666)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, economic drivers, and the role of uncertainty and risk in energy futures. 4 3/29 World Oil and Gas Markets and energy security Defining energy security (history)­ what is a world market, what is security, and what is the real cost oil 5 4/3 Energy for Transportation In: Assignment 2 Out: Assignment 3 Policy

McGaughey, Alan

342

Low-cost carriers in Japan : challenges and paths to success - using a corporate simulation model for empirical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the causes behind the sluggishness of new airlines, low cost carriers (LCCs), in Japan. The object is to identify and to recommend innovative policy changes and ideas for the industry, by analyzing the ...

Shiotani, Sayaka

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hay Harvesting Costs $$$$$ in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hay is an important crop in Ta 1 Harvesting costs constitute the major5 pense of hay production in many M Mg and Wayne D . Taylor INTRODUCTION .................................................... 2 Fixed Costs or Ownership Costs... ............................................. 10 Totarl Cost .............................................................. 10 HAY HARVESTING ALTERNATIVES COMPARED ...................... 11 HOW TO MAKE WISE DECISIONS CONCERNING INVESTMENTS IN MACHINERY...

Long, James T.; Taylor, Wayne D.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION .............................................................................13 Definition of Levelized Cost ........................................................................................................13 Levelized Cost Components

345

COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION............................................................ 3 Definition of Levelized Cost.................................................................................... 3 Levelized Cost Categories

Laughlin, Robert B.

346

Climate policy and competitiveness: Policy guidance and quantitative evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy and competitiveness: Policy guidance and quantitative evidence Jared C. Carbone NicholasRivers July 2014 Abstract When considering adoption of a domestic climate change policy survey the literature on the quantitative impacts of unilateral climate change policy derived from

347

Guidelines for Policy Briefs NTRES 4300 -Environmental Policy Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coalition for Clean Coal Energy, prepare policy briefs consistent with their mission. The briefs prepared

Kraft, Clifford E.

348

Data Protection Policy Page 1 DATA PROTECTION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Protection Policy Page 1 DATA PROTECTION POLICY POLICY STATEMENT The University intends to fully comply with all requirements of the Data Protection Act 1998 (,,Act) in so far as it affects the Universitys activities. SCOPE This Data Protection Policy: Covers the processing of all personal information

Greenlees, John

349

UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY PROCESS The Policy Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY PROCESS week 3 #12;The Policy Cycle Agenda Formulation Assessment Implementation Termination #12;How Can the Govt Affect Environmental Policy? Laws Market Services loss Many ways "in" to govt environmental policy #12;Consequences Incrementalism Some pluses, e

Callender, Craig

350

Policy Brief For more policy briefs, click here.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Brief March 2014 For more policy briefs, click here. Sustainable Communities: Implementation@ucdavis.edu Gian-Claudia Sciara, sciara@ucdavis.edu Policy Forum Series: January to March 2014 Issue California, the UC Davis Policy Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy and the National Center

California at Davis, University of

351

Office of Student Affairs Parental Notification Policy Policy Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of Student Affairs Parental Notification Policy Policy Statement The University of Minnesota at the University of Minnesota Rochester. Objective To implement a policy and procedure for parental/guardian notification regarding high risk drinking behaviors involving University students. The policy

Amin, S. Massoud

352

Policy on Temporary Non Student Employees Policy on Temporary Non-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Temporary Non Student Employees 10/29/2014 Policy on Temporary Non- Student Employees I-term project, job or assignment. This policy sets forth the hiring parameters for such temporary employees. II-term project, job, or assignment. Students cannot be hired as temporary employees. III. Policy Temporary

Sridhar, Srinivas

353

Policy on Human Subjects Research Policy on Human Subjects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Human Subjects Research 10/15/2014 Policy on Human Subjects Research I. Purpose and Scope requirements that the rights and welfare of human subjects receive adequate protection. This policy applies, except that research conducted or assigned as part of their coursework is governed by the Policy

Sridhar, Srinivas

354

Policy on Pets on Campus Policy on Pets on Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Pets on Campus 10/30/2014 Policy on Pets on Campus I. Purpose and Scope The presence. This policy addresses pets on all property owned and controlled by the university and applies to all students. Policy The University prohibits pets in university-owned or leased buildings, except as provided below

Sridhar, Srinivas

355

1 Public Policy and Public Administration PUBLIC POLICY AND PUBLIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Public Policy and Public Administration PUBLIC POLICY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Through its Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences offers the Master of Public Policy, Master of Public Administration, and the Doctor of Philosophy in the field

Vertes, Akos

356

University Policy Website Policy Development and Review Checklist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Policy Website Policy Development and Review Checklist Updated May 2009 Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND REVIEW CHECKLIST Purpose This checklist is designed to assist individuals developing and reviewing university policies and procedures. The questions below will not apply to every

Pedersen, Tom

357

Policy Writer's Checklist Updating your policy sections and exhibits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6/4/13 1 Policy Writer's Checklist Updating your policy sections and exhibits: Request the most recent word processing file from your unit policy coordinator (see http of the policy section. Think specifically about what information campus departments will need in order to use

California at Davis, University of

358

Rice University Policy No. 313 LABORATORY SAFETY POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a culture of laboratory safety in their department and shall provide individuals under their managementPage 1 Rice University Policy No. 313 LABORATORY SAFETY POLICY I. Policy Statement Rice University and visiting scholars. To this end, the University has created a laboratory safety policy, the goal of which

Mellor-Crummey, John

359

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA PUBLIC POLICY/ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA PUBLIC POLICY/ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY Assistant Professor The Department applications for a tenure-track position in Environmental Policy at the Assistant Professor level, to begin in deciding environmental policy. The position is a joint appointment between the Department of Political

Almor, Amit

360

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based relationship between income growth and travel demand, turnover of the vehicle stock, and cost-driven investment both in reduction of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle fuel consumption as well as in adoptionClimate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy revolution: policies for a sustainable future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The book examines the policy options for mitigating or removing the entrenched advantages held by fossil fuels and speeding the transition to a more sustainable energy future, one based on improved efficiency and a shift to renewable sources such as solar, wind, and bioenergy. The book: examines today's energy patterns and trends and their consequences; describes the barriers to a more sustainable energy future and how those barriers can be overcome; provides ten case studies of integrated strategies that have been effective in different parts of the world examines international policies and institutions and recommends ways they could be improved; reviews global trends that suggest that the transition to renewables and increased efficiency is underway and is achievable. The core of the book are presentations of Clean Energy scenarios for the US and Brazil. His US scenario has 10 policies. These include: Adopt voluntary agreements to reduce industrial energy use; Provide tax incentives for innovative renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies; Expand federal R & D and deployment programs; Remove barriers to combined heat and power systems; and Strengthen emissions standards on coal-fired plants. Geller calculates that the impact of his ten policies would be a $600 billion cost and a $1200 billion savings, for a net savings of $600 billion compared to a baseline scenario of continued promotion of fossil fuels.

Howard Geller [Southwest Energy Efficiency Project, Boulder, CO (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Policy #1001 Development, Approval and Maintenance of University Policy 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy #1001 ­ Development, Approval and Maintenance of University Policy 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #1001 DEVELOPMENT, APPROVAL AND MAINTENANCE OF UNIVERSITY POLICY Responsible 4, 2012 A. PURPOSE This policy defines the process for developing, reviewing, approving

363

The Climate Policy Dilemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy poses a dilemma for environmental economists. The economic argument for stringent greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement is far from clear. There is disagreement among both climate scientists and economists concerning ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

364

Policies and Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

State, local, and tribal governments and K-12 schools can advance clean energy goals through a variety of policies and programs designed and implemented to maximize effectiveness within organizations and throughout jurisdictions.

365

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Environmental Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Environmental Policy February 2013 The University of Leeds is responsible to reflect best environmental practice, implement an environmental management system to pursue sustainability and continuous improvement and seek innovative ways of meeting environmental objectives. These include: To meet

Haase, Markus

366

The Climate Policy Dilemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy poses a dilemma for environmental economists. The economic argument for stringent GHG abatement is far from clear. There is disagreement among both climate scientists and economists over the likelihood of ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

367

Quiz Policies and Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quiz Policies and Procedures. 1. Studying the lesson notes and completing most of the homework problems prior to class is the best way to prepare for a quiz. 2.

Bailey, Charlotte M

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

368

Hall Ammendment Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Joint statement providing interim policy on processing proposals for leasing DOE real property using the authority in 42 U.S.C. 7256, commonly referred to as the "Hall Amendment."

369

ORISE: Policy Implementation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policy Implementation The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) assists the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science in the implementation of its program...

370

Public Policy Seminar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent policy response to family breakdown has been to emphasise the importance of maintained contact between children and absent parents. Since 1995, with the Children (Scotland) Act, parents have had a responsibility to maintain contact...

Wassoff, Fran

371

NNSA POLICY LETTER  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

of committees is to monitor and assist in the execution of the agency's safety and health policies and programs at the workplaces within their jurisdiction. 2.1.3 Budget...

372

Housing policy in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Low-Cost Spectral Sensor Development Description.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar spectral data for all parts of the US is limited due in part to the high cost of commercial spectrometers. Solar spectral information is necessary for accurate photovoltaic (PV) performance forecasting, especially for large utility-scale PV installations. A low-cost solar spectral sensor would address the obstacles and needs. In this report, a novel low-cost, discrete- band sensor device, comprised of five narrow-band sensors, is described. The hardware is comprised of commercial-off-the-shelf components to keep the cost low. Data processing algorithms were developed and are being refined for robustness. PV module short-circuit current ( I sc ) prediction methods were developed based on interaction-terms regression methodology and spectrum reconstruction methodology for computing I sc . The results suggest the computed spectrum using the reconstruction method agreed well with the measured spectrum from the wide-band spectrometer (RMS error of 38.2 W/m 2 -nm). Further analysis of computed I sc found a close correspondence of 0.05 A RMS error. The goal is for ubiquitous adoption of the low-cost spectral sensor in solar PV and other applications such as weather forecasting.

Armijo, Kenneth Miguel; Yellowhair, Julius

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Open Recreation Open Recreation Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 Open Recreation Open Recreation Policy These policies apply to all University Recreation scheduled for their chosen activity at that time. The Open Recreation Policy has been revised to read due to violations of policies or inappropriate behavior, i.e.: fighting, using abusive language, etc

Amin, S. Massoud

375

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY LIVING LONGER ON LESS IN MASSACHUSETTS: THE NEW ECONOMIC (IN)SECURITY OF SENIORS Tatjana Meschede Laura Sullivan Thomas Shapiro #12;About the Institute on Assets and Social Policy The Institute on Assets and Social Policy (IASP), a research institute at the Heller School for Social Policy

Snider, Barry B.

376

Appointments Policy 4.20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appointments Policy 4.20 Office of Human Resources Applies to: Staff The Ohio State University ­ Office of Human Resources policy.hr.osu.edu Page 1 of 1 Resources Alternative Retirement Plan, hr.osu.edu/benefits/rb_arp Benefit Eligibility by Appointment, hr.osu.edu/Policy/empben Faculty Appointments Policy, oaa

Howat, Ian M.

377

POLICY SUMMARY BUSINESS ASSOCIATE CONTRACTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY SUMMARY BUSINESS ASSOCIATE CONTRACTS POLICY NUMBER 2003-04 To comply with HIPAA requirements PRIVACY AND SECURITY POLICY NUMBER 2003-07 To identify the mechanism by which appropriate staff receives policies related to security and privacy of protected health information. BREACHES OF PRIVACY & SECURITY

Oliver, Douglas L.

378

Generational Policy Laurence J. Kotlikoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generational Policy by Laurence J. Kotlikoff Boston University The National Bureau of Economic;1 Abstract Generational policy is a fundamental aspect of a nation's fiscal affairs. The policy involves generational policy works, how it's measured, and how much it matters to virtual as well as real economies

Spence, Harlan Ernest

379

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy Responsible Administrative Unit: Finance & Administration in this policy. 2.0 POLICY STATEMENT This policy is intended to promote safe driving by operators of all vehicles are in effect at all times and apply to all persons and vehicles physically present on the CSM campus

380

Geothermal probabilistic cost study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tool is presented to quantify the risks of geothermal projects, the Geothermal Probabilistic Cost Model (GPCM). The GPCM model is used to evaluate a geothermal reservoir for a binary-cycle electric plant at Heber, California. Three institutional aspects of the geothermal risk which can shift the risk among different agents are analyzed. The leasing of geothermal land, contracting between the producer and the user of the geothermal heat, and insurance against faulty performance are examined. (MHR)

Orren, L.H.; Ziman, G.M.; Jones, S.C.; Lee, T.K.; Noll, R.; Wilde, L.; Sadanand, V.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 11331143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 1133­1143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline cost of lead additives and of gasoline, and the falling cost of ethanol and sugarcane, have created sugarcane is produced in Africa to replace all the lead used in African gasoline; this would require Africa

Thomas, Valerie

382

Demand Subsidies Versus R&D: Comparing the Uncertain Impacts of Policy on a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-carbon Energy Technology Gregory F. Nemet* and Erin Baker** We combine an expert elicitation and a bottom on the future costs of a low-carbon energy technology that is not currently commercially available, purely are likely to be pervasive--and mistakes costly. Decisions involving energy technology policy, and more

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

383

Understanding and Informing the Policy Environment: State-Level Renewable Fuels Standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Renewable fuels standard (RFS) policies are becoming a popular public policy mechanism for developing the market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. During the past decade, U.S. states and several countries began implementing these more market-based (less command and control) policies to support increased biofuels production and use. This paper presents an overview of current and proposed U.S. state-level policies, as well as selected electric sector policies and international fuel standard policies. Current U.S. state-level renewable fuel policies list drivers including an improved economy and environment, as well as fuel self-sufficiency. Best practices and experience from an evaluation of renewable portfolio standards (RPS) in the United States and international RFS policies can inform U.S. state-level policy by illustrating the importance of policy flexibility, binding targets, effective cost caps, and tradable permits. Understanding and building on the experiences from these previous policies can improve the policy mechanism and further develop a market for renewable fuels to meet the goals of improved economy, environment, and fuel self-sufficiency.

Brown, E.; Cory, K.; Arent, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Costs and Benefits of Compliance with Renewable Portfolio Standards: Reviewing Experience to Date  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than half of U.S. states have renewable portfolio standards (RPS) in place and have collectively deployed approximately 46,000 MW of new renewable energy capacity through year-end 2012. Most of these policies have five or more years of implementation experience, enabling an assessment of their costs and benefits. Understanding RPS benefits and costs is essential for policymakers evaluating existing RPS policies, assessing the need for modifications, and considering new policies. A key aspect of this study is the comprehensive review of existing RPS cost and benefit estimates, in addition to an examination of the variety of methods used to calculate such estimates. Based on available data and estimates reported by utilities and regulators, this study summarizes RPS costs to date. The study considers how those costs may evolve going forward, given scheduled increases in RPS targets and cost containment mechanisms incorporated into existing policies. The report also summarizes RPS benefits estimates, based on published studies for individual states, and discusses key methodological considerations.

Heeter, Jenny; Barbose, Galen; Bird, Lori; Weaver, Samantha; Flores, Francisco; Kuskova-Burns, Ksenia; Wiser, Ryan

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

LIFE Cost of Electricity, Capital and Operating Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Successful commercialization of fusion energy requires economic viability as well as technical and scientific feasibility. To assess economic viability, we have conducted a pre-conceptual level evaluation of LIFE economics. Unit costs are estimated from a combination of bottom-up costs estimates, working with representative vendors, and scaled results from previous studies of fission and fusion plants. An integrated process model of a LIFE power plant was developed to integrate and optimize unit costs and calculate top level metrics such as cost of electricity and power plant capital cost. The scope of this activity was the entire power plant site. Separately, a development program to deliver the required specialized equipment has been assembled. Results show that LIFE power plant cost of electricity and plant capital cost compare favorably to estimates for new-build LWR's, coal and gas - particularly if indicative costs of carbon capture and sequestration are accounted for.

Anklam, T

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

386

Vanderbilt University Pet Policy for Live-in Employees Vanderbilt University permits live-in employees, be they faculty or staff, to own and keep pets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Vanderbilt University Pet Policy for Live-in Employees Vanderbilt pets in their University assigned housing. The requirements of the policy are as follows: 1. Pets are limited to domesticated dogs, domesticated cats and fish

Bordenstein, Seth

387

Policy modeling for industrial energy use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The international workshop on Policy Modeling for Industrial Energy Use was jointly organized by EETA (Professional Network for Engineering Economic Technology Analysis) and INEDIS (International Network for Energy Demand Analysis in the Industrial Sector). The workshop has helped to layout the needs and challenges to include policy more explicitly in energy-efficiency modeling. The current state-of-the-art models have a proven track record in forecasting future trends under conditions similar to those faced in the recent past. However, the future of energy policy in a climate-restrained world is likely to demand different and additional services to be provided by energy modelers. In this workshop some of the international models used to make energy consumption forecasts have been discussed as well as innovations to enable the modeling of policy scenarios. This was followed by the discussion of future challenges, new insights in the data needed to determine the inputs into energy model s, and methods to incorporate decision making and policy in the models. Based on the discussion the workshop participants came to the following conclusions and recommendations: Current energy models are already complex, and it is already difficult to collect the model inputs. Hence, new approaches should be transparent and not lead to extremely complex models that try to ''do everything''. The model structure will be determined by the questions that need to be answered. A good understanding of the decision making framework of policy makers and clear communication on the needs are essential to make any future energy modeling effort successful. There is a need to better understand the effects of policy on future energy use, emissions and the economy. To allow the inclusion of policy instruments in models, evaluation of programs and instruments is essential, and need to be included in the policy instrument design. Increased efforts are needed to better understand the effects of innovative (no n-monetary) policy instruments through evaluation and to develop approaches to model both conventional and innovative policies. The explicit modeling of barriers and decision making in the models seems a promising way to enable modeling of conventional and innovative policies. A modular modeling approach is essential to not only provide transparency, but also to use the available resources most effectively and efficiently. Many large models have been developed in the past, but have been abandoned after only brief periods of use. A development path based on modular building blocks needs the establishment of a flexible but uniform modeling framework. The leadership of international agencies and organizations is essential in the establishment of such a framework. A preference is given for ''softlinks'' between different modules and models, to increase transparency and reduce complexity. There is a strong need to improve the efficiency of data collection and interpretation efforts to produce reliable model inputs. The workshop participants support the need for the establishment of an (in-)formal exchanges of information, as well as modeling approaches. The development of an informal network of research institutes and universities to help build a common dataset and exchange ideas on specific areas is proposed. Starting with an exchange of students would be a relative low-cost way to start such collaboration. It would be essential to focus on specific topics. It is also essential to maintain means of regular exchange of ideas between researchers in the different focus points.

Worrell, Ernst; Park, Hi-Chun; Lee, Sang-Gon; Jung, Yonghun; Kato, Hiroyuki; Ramesohl, Stephan; Boyd, Gale; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Nyboer, John; Jaccard, Mark; Nordqvist, Joakim; Boyd, Christopher; Klee, Howard; Anglani, Norma; Biermans, Gijs

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR)  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | Department ofHTS Cable ProjectsHistoryia/802871 IA Blog|INDEPENDENT COST

389

User cost in oil production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The assumption of an initial fixed mineral stock is superfluous and wrong. User cost (resource rent) in mineral production is the present value of expected increases in development cost. It can be measured as the difference ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Wind Integration Cost and Cost-Causation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The question of wind integration cost has received much attention in the past several years. The methodological challenges to calculating integration costs are discussed in this paper. There are other sources of integration cost unrelated to wind energy. A performance-based approach would be technology neutral, and would provide price signals for all technology types. However, it is difficult to correctly formulate such an approach. Determining what is and is not an integration cost is challenging. Another problem is the allocation of system costs to one source. Because of significant nonlinearities, this can prove to be impossible to determine in an accurate and objective way.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Estanqueiro, A.; Martin-Martinez, S.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Peneda, I.; Smith, C.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Check Estimates and Independent Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Check estimates and independent cost estimates (ICEs) are tools that can be used to validate a cost estimate. Estimate validation entails an objective review of the estimate to ensure that estimate criteria and requirements have been met and well documented, defensible estimate has been developed. This chapter describes check estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

Cost Effectiveness NW Energy Coalition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Action 8 Cost Effectiveness Manual Kim Drury NW Energy Coalition Context · Inconsistent understanding of cost effectiveness contributed to under performing conservation E.g: individual measures vs Action Plan for Energy Efficiency published a comprehensive guide on cost effectiveness: best practices

393

Can Radiative Forcing Be Limited to 2.6 Wm?2 Without Negative Emissions From Bioenergy AND CO2 Capture and Storage?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combining bioenergy and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) technologies (BECCS) has the potential to remove CO2 from the atmosphere while producing useful energy. BECCS has played a central role in scenarios that reduce climate forcing to low levels such as 2.6Wm-2. In this paper we consider whether BECCS is essential to limiting radiative forcing (RF) to 2.6Wm-2 by 2100 using the Global Change Assessment Model, a closely coupled model of biogeophysical and human Earth systems. We show that BECCS can potentially reduce the cost of limiting RF to 2.6Wm-2 by 2100 but that a variety of technology combinations that do not include BECCS can also achieve this goal, under appropriate emissions mitigation policies. We note that with appropriate supporting land-use policies terrestrial sequestration could deliver carbon storage ranging from 200 to 700 PgCO2-equiavalent over the 21st century. We explore substantial delays in participation by some geopolitical regions. We find that the value of BECCS is substantially higher under delay and that delay results in higher transient RF and climate change. However, when major regions postponed mitigation indefinitely, it was impossible to return RF to 2.6Wm-2 by 2100. Neither finite land resources nor finite potential geologic storage capacity represented a meaningful technical limit on the ability of BECCS to contribute to emissions mitigation in the numerical experiments reported in this paper.

Edmonds, James A.; Luckow, Patrick W.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Wise, Marshall A.; Dooley, James J.; Kyle, G. Page; Kim, Son H.; Patel, Pralit L.; Clarke, Leon E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Apply early! Limited enrollment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

volcano. Experience the culture and history of Hawaii, and the impact of human activitiesApply early! Limited enrollment. Environmental Science in the Hawaiian Islands Observe, research

395

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papers Year 2012 Paper 1126 Green Industrial Policy: Trade 2012 by author(s). Green Industrial Policy: Trade andreality and the potential for green indus- trial policy. We

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Electoral Competition, Political Uncertainty and Policy Insulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainty and Policy Insulation Horn, Murray. 1995. TheUncertainty and Policy Insulation United States Congress.UNCERTAINTY AND POLICY INSULATION Rui J. P. de Figueiredo,

de Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Essays on energy and environmental policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.2.2 Renewable Energy Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Valuing the Wind: Renewable Energy Policies and Air Pollu-current set of renewable energy policies. The second chapter

Novan, Kevin Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

However, some renewable energy policies risk becomingare cited for renewable energy policies, namely, reducingto justify long-term policies supporting renewable energy.

Rajagopal, Deepak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy policies in Brazil, US, China, India and Germany. Itof coordination failure. Indias lack of policy coordinationindustrial policies in Brazil, the US, China, India and

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Essays in Human Development and Public Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abortion in India: Debates and Public Policy . . . . . .relative impact of public policy in India. The essays followevaluation of demographic policies in India ranging from the

Nandi, Arindam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Essays on Health and Public Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nutrition linkages and policies in India, IFPRI Discussionmajor public-works policy in India, few studies have focusedwith policy implications and future work. for India only a

Dasgupta, Aparajita

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Policy Guidance Memorandum | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Policy Guidance Memorandum Policy Guidance Memorandum Documents Available for Download POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 13 Reemployment Priority List Selections This memorandum provides...

403

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and ClimatePolicies in China, Renewable Energy Policy Network for theStatus Report 2011, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leaders affirm foreign policy as a moral issue, Unitedemphasis of foreign policy. POLITICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLYThe Press and Foreign Policy. Univ of California. Cohen,

Shaw, Emily D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chile Endogenous Variables Policy Output Inflation InterestJournal of Com- parative Policy Analysis, vol. 10 (3), p.New Challenges for Monetary Policy, Federal Reserve Bank of

Castro, Pedro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The causes and consequences of tax policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions and Trade Policy Preferences. Economics &Institutional Determinants of Economic Policy Outcomes. Presidents, Parliaments and Policy, eds. Mathew D. McCubbins

Weller, Nicholas William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Guide to Sustainable Development and Environmental Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development and Environmental Policy By Natalia MirovitskayaDevelopment and Environmental Policy. Durham, NC: DukeDevelopment and Environmental Policy is a work by 25

Mirza, Umar Karim

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Environmental Politics and Policy in Industrialized Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents the environmental policies and their causes,to understand the environmental policy and politics in thesediscusses the environmental policy process, and concludes

Javed, M. Tayyeb

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

SUSTAINABILITY POLICY University Policy No: GV0800 (1794) Classification: Governance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABILITY POLICY University Policy No: GV0800 (1794) Classification: Governance Approving resources in a responsible manner, and work towards a sustainable future in cooperation with organizations to assist the University Community in incorporating Sustainability into decision making and provides

Victoria, University of

410

Director's Report Policy Committee MeetingPolicy Committee Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Director's Report Policy Committee MeetingPolicy Committee Meeting 9 October 20039 October 2003 received, one from16 proposals were received, one from Argentina.Argentina. The total pool (including

411

COST SHARING Cost sharing is the portion of total project costs of a sponsored agreement that is not bourn by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 COST SHARING Cost sharing is the portion of total project costs of a sponsored agreement. There are primarily three types of cost sharing that may occur on sponsored projects: Mandatory cost sharing. For example, the National Science Foundation requires mandatory cost sharing for some of its projects. COST

Cui, Yan

412

Policy on Policies Page 1 of 3 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University No. 1000 Rev.: 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy on Policies Page 1 of 3 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University No. 1000 Rev.: 3 Policy and Procedures Date: June 14, 2009 __________________________________________________________________________________ Subject: Policy on Policies

Virginia Tech

413

Realistic costs of carbon capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing interest in carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a means of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However there are substantial uncertainties about the costs of CCS. Costs for pre-combustion capture with compression (i.e. excluding costs of transport and storage and any revenue from EOR associated with storage) are examined in this discussion paper for First-of-a-Kind (FOAK) plant and for more mature technologies, or Nth-of-a-Kind plant (NOAK). For FOAK plant using solid fuels the levelised cost of electricity on a 2008 basis is approximately 10 cents/kWh higher with capture than for conventional plants (with a range of 8-12 cents/kWh). Costs of abatement are found typically to be approximately US$150/tCO2 avoided (with a range of US$120-180/tCO2 avoided). For NOAK plants the additional cost of electricity with capture is approximately 2-5 cents/kWh, with costs of the range of US$35-70/tCO2 avoided. Costs of abatement with carbon capture for other fuels and technologies are also estimated for NOAK plants. The costs of abatement are calculated with reference to conventional SCPC plant for both emissions and costs of electricity. Estimates for both FOAK and NOAK are mainly based on cost data from 2008, which was at the end of a period of sustained escalation in the costs of power generation plant and other large capital projects. There are now indications of costs falling from these levels. This may reduce the costs of abatement and costs presented here may be 'peak of the market' estimates. If general cost levels return, for example, to those prevailing in 2005 to 2006 (by which time significant cost escalation had already occurred from previous levels), then costs of capture and compression for FOAK plants are expected to be US$110/tCO2 avoided (with a range of US$90-135/tCO2 avoided). For NOAK plants costs are expected to be US$25-50/tCO2. Based on these considerations a likely representative range of costs of abatement from CCS excluding transport and storage costs appears to be US$100-150/tCO2 for first-of-a-kind plants and perhaps US$30-50/tCO2 for nth-of-a-kind plants.The estimates for FOAK and NOAK costs appear to be broadly consistent in the light of estimates of the potential for cost reductions with increased experience. Cost reductions are expected from increasing scale, learning on individual components, and technological innovation including improved plant integration. Innovation and integration can both lower costs and increase net output with a given cost base. These factors are expected to reduce abatement costs by approximately 65% by 2030. The range of estimated costs for NOAK plants is within the range of plausible future carbon prices, implying that mature technology would be competitive with conventional fossil fuel plants at prevailing carbon prices.

Al Juaied, Mohammed (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (US). Belfer Center for Science and International Affiaris); Whitmore, Adam (Hydrogen Energy International Ltd., Weybridge (GB))

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Policy Name: Administration (Development and Revision) of University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Name: Administration (Development and Revision) of University Policies Originating/Responsible Department: University Secretariat Approval Authority: Senior Management Committee Date of Original Policy Secretary Policy: [Note: This policy replaces the policy known as "Administration of University Policies

Carleton University

415

DISCIPLINE AND TERMINATION POLICY Employees covered by this policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISCIPLINE AND TERMINATION POLICY Employees covered by this policy This policy applies to all non to discipline, suspend with or without pay, or terminate employees for just cause. Just cause includes to discipline or termination for just cause, the University reserves the right to demote, suspend or terminate

416

UW POLICIES UW Administrative Policy Statements on Royalties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UW POLICIES UW Administrative Policy Statements on Royalties Read UW's policy statement on License prior to distributions. A link to the C4C Royalty Distribution Formulas is listed below. C4C has developed a number of innovative programs for faculty to support ongoing projects with their Royalty

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

417

Purchasing Policy and Procedures Page 1 Purchasing Policy and Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controller Responsible Offices: Purchasing Resource Services Controller's Office Origination Date: December 1Purchasing Policy and Procedures Page 1 4-1-2010 Purchasing Policy and Procedures Policy Statement are followed. Purchasing Resource Services (PRS), which is part of University Services, is the single point

Shahriar, Selim

418

INTERNATIONAL POLICY CENTER Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL POLICY CENTER Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy University of Michigan IPC their internal affairs by elaborate rules and procedures, and have a policy agenda that is consistent over time candidates (suplentes) take over their seats.3 In Argentina, although most members of Congress finish

Shyy, Wei

419

POLICY CHECKLIST To be submitted with the policy as presented at Cabinet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY CHECKLIST To be submitted with the policy as presented at Cabinet Initiating party: ______________________________________ Date: _______________ (person who initiated the policy change, project leader) Originating Department/Office: ________________________________________________ Policy name: ______________________________________________________________ New Policy: _____ Amended

Khan, Javed I.

420

Policy Context: Behaviour Change 1 | Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change: Policy context | 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Context: Behaviour Change 1 | Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change: Policy context | 2012 Policy context: influencing and changing behaviours1 Contents Policy context: influencing .............................................................................................3 3. Behaviour change in government policy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Office of Environmental Health & Safety Policy Title: Policy on Undergraduates in Machine Shops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of Environmental Health & Safety Policy Policy Title: Policy on Undergraduates in Machine Planning Responsible Office: Office of Environmental Health & Safety Contact: Gregory Cantrell, Assistant I. POLICY STATEMENT This policy outlines the roles, responsibilities, and authority of University

422

Departmental Cyber Security Management Policy  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Departmental Cyber Security Management (DCSM) Policy was developed to further clarify and support the elements of the Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) Policy regarding cyber security. Certified 9-23-10. No cancellation.

2001-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

Minnesota Environmental Policy Act (MEPA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minnesota Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) Jennie Ross, Environmental Assessment Unit Mn/DOT Office of Environmental Services March 31, 2009 #12;Minnesota State Environmental Review Minnesota Environmental Policy Environmental Impact Statement Threshold Criteria - Environmental Impact Statement is required for construction

Minnesota, University of

424

Policy Flash 2014-34  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to A. Scott Geary, of the Office of Acquisition and Project Management Policy at 202-287-1507 or at andrew.geary@hq.doe.gov.

425

Facilities Management Services Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy & Greening State Government requirements, and Health and Safety Regulations established by State and other consultants to prepare plans, program documents, life-cycle cost studies, energy analysis, code

426

Facilities Management Services Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to perform the work in accordance with FM standards, Building Codes, mandated Energy & Greening State and other consultants to prepare plans, program documents, life-cycle cost studies, energy analysis, code

427

MANUFACTURING AND COST EVALUATION OF SECOND GENERATION HELIOSTATS VOLUME I - ANALYSIS AND RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Second Generation Heliostat Program involved five contractors who provided designs, manufacturing plans, and cost estimates for heliostats. The program was sponsored by the Department of Energy and managed by Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore. As part of the program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated and compared the contractors' costs and production plans, and compared the actual costs of the Solar One (Barstow, California) pilot-plant heliostats to estimated mass production costs. One purpose of this review was to adjust contractor estimates to provide a common basis for cost comparisons. The five contractors were: Boeing Engineering and Construction, Martin Marietta Corporation, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company, Northrup Incorporated, and Westinghouse Electric Corporation. PNL evaluated the components and assembly of the five heliostats in terms of material, direct labor, production equipment, production building requirements, and overheads. Two adjustments were made to the costs estimated by the manufacturers. The first, producing "Adjusted Costs," was primarily to add items that appeared to have been omitted from the contractors' estimates or delete items that were not required. The second, called "Uniform Assumptions Costs," used common ground rules for major materials, building, labor, and overhead costs. The review of the contractors' production plans and cost estimates did not reveal any errors or omissions that would change the costs by more than 30%, when compared using uniform assumptions. This range is adequate for policy planning, and costs of $100/m{sup 2} appear achievable.

Drumheller,, K.; Bondurant,, P. D.; Brown,, D. R.; Williams,, T. A.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

THE ENVIRONMENT Green Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy in 2013, compared with that used in 2010 reducing per capita water consumption by 10% by 2012 and responsibly disposing of non-recyclable waste (eg under the WEEE regulations) reducing the per capita policies and practices in all areas of its activities minimise the consumption of carbon-rich energy

Steiner, Ullrich

429

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy Statement The University of Glasgow is one of the four oldest our very best to minimise the risk to the health, safety and wellbeing of staff, students, researchers resource and our students as our valued customers and partners. We acknowledge health and safety as a core

Mottram, Nigel

430

Policy No.: Approval Date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the environment. 1.4. The Manager, Environmental Programs and the UBC Okanagan HSE Officer, both reporting through. General 1.1. UBC will act responsibly and demonstrate accountable management of the property and affairs management system consistent with the purpose of this policy and with the goal of continual improvement. 1

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

431

Solar Policy Environment: Boston  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

City of Bostons objective in creating Solar Boston is to maximize solar technologys role in the Citys sustainable development, educational and emergency preparedness policies. Solar Bostons objective is the installation of solar technology on all feasible and appropriate locations throughout Boston.

432

CLIMATE POLICY The Planet's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE POLICY The Planet's Laundromat The Planet's Laundromat ANTHROPOLOGY Rukina's Remarkable Planck Society's Science Express last fall as it began its trip through India. India's Prime Minister Man). As a mem- ber of the German delegation, the visit afford- ed me the opportunity to learn more about India

Falge, Eva

433

STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pastoral care as well as teaching Take positive steps to promote students well-being Ensure the health students to make contact with their GP or local mental health services. The Duty of Care and Negligence1 STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY Revised January 2013 #12;2 A. INTRODUCTION 1. Context Widening

Martin, Ralph R.

434

Governance & Policies Effective: 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stakeholders, review, evaluate, and recommend changes, adjustments, and updates to the General EducationGovernance & Policies Effective: 1997 Faculty Senate General Education Review Committee Approved of the term. 2. Faculty Representatives: Two members from each of the four academic units (Education

Hardy, Christopher R.

435

Integrated Safety Management Policy  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The policy establishes DOE's expectation for safety, including integrated safety management that will enable the Departments mission goals to be accomplished efficiently while ensuring safe operations at all departmental facilities and activities. Cancels DOE P 411.1, DOE P 441.1, DOE P 450.2A, DOE P 450.4, and DOE P 450.7

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

436

Sustainable Procurement Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Procurement Policy #12;2 Sustainable Procurement What is sustainable procurement? "Sustainable procurement is a process whereby organisations meet their needs for goods, services, works to the environment" Procuring the Future (Sustainable Procurement Task Force June 2006) Why is it important

Burton, Geoffrey R.

437

Transmission Issues Policy Steering Committee  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Business Practices CommitteesTeams Joint Operating Committee Transmission Issues Policy Steering Committee Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of...

438

Policy and Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Policy and Guidance Policy and Guidance Policy and Guidance Orders and Guides Directive Type Directive Number PolicyGuidance Title and Link Date Published Order DOE O 413.3B...

439

UMBC Policy VI-10.00.01 Page 1 of 5 UMBC POLICY ON POLICY FORMULATION AND MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UMBC Policy VI-10.00.01 Page 1 of 5 UMBC POLICY ON POLICY FORMULATION AND MANAGEMENT UMBC Policy No. VI-10.00.01 I. POLICY STATEMENT The UMBC community should have access to well-articulated and understandable University Policies and related Operating Procedures. Those responsible for writing, updating

Adali, Tulay

440

Essays on Environmental Regulatory Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. S. (2008). The Social Cost of Carbon: Trends, Outliersestimates of the social cost of carbon in climate changehowever, put the mean social cost of carbon in 1995 dollars

Dobson, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Advanced Fuel Cycle Cost Basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), provides a comprehensive set of cost data supporting a cost analysis for the relative economic comparison of options for use in the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Program. The report describes the AFCI cost basis development process, reference information on AFCI cost modules, a procedure for estimating fuel cycle costs, economic evaluation guidelines, and a discussion on the integration of cost data into economic computer models. This report contains reference cost data for 25 cost modules23 fuel cycle cost modules and 2 reactor modules. The cost modules were developed in the areas of natural uranium mining and milling, conversion, enrichment, depleted uranium disposition, fuel fabrication, interim spent fuel storage, reprocessing, waste conditioning, spent nuclear fuel (SNF) packaging, long-term monitored retrievable storage, near surface disposal of low-level waste (LLW), geologic repository and other disposal concepts, and transportation processes for nuclear fuel, LLW, SNF, transuranic, and high-level waste.

D. E. Shropshire; K. A. Williams; W. B. Boore; J. D. Smith; B. W. Dixon; M. Dunzik-Gougar; R. D. Adams; D. Gombert; E. Schneider

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Advanced Fuel Cycle Cost Basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), provides a comprehensive set of cost data supporting a cost analysis for the relative economic comparison of options for use in the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Program. The report describes the AFCI cost basis development process, reference information on AFCI cost modules, a procedure for estimating fuel cycle costs, economic evaluation guidelines, and a discussion on the integration of cost data into economic computer models. This report contains reference cost data for 26 cost modules24 fuel cycle cost modules and 2 reactor modules. The cost modules were developed in the areas of natural uranium mining and milling, conversion, enrichment, depleted uranium disposition, fuel fabrication, interim spent fuel storage, reprocessing, waste conditioning, spent nuclear fuel (SNF) packaging, long-term monitored retrievable storage, near surface disposal of low-level waste (LLW), geologic repository and other disposal concepts, and transportation processes for nuclear fuel, LLW, SNF, and high-level waste.

D. E. Shropshire; K. A. Williams; W. B. Boore; J. D. Smith; B. W. Dixon; M. Dunzik-Gougar; R. D. Adams; D. Gombert

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Food Safety Policy December 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety Policy December 2011 #12;www.surrey.ac.uk2 Food Safety Policy Some Useful Telephone) Security Extension Number: 2002 or from external phones: (01483) 682002 Health and Safety Department the line to be put through to an operator. www.surrey.ac.uk 3 Food Safety Policy Contents Page 1

Doran, Simon J.

444

Mobile Device Policy & Program Considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Mobile Device Policy & Program Considerations To BYOD or not to BYOD (bring to manage the use of mobile devices within their corporate resources. Every business will naturally have different mobility requirements, and developing a policy in the first place, let alone an appropriate policy

Fisher, Kathleen

445

Postgraduate Admissions Policy and Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Postgraduate Admissions Policy and Procedures SCOPE OF POLICY This policy applies to all to both staff and applicants on the University's procedures for admitting postgraduate students PROCEDURES 5 3.1 Making an application 5 3.2 Application deadlines 5 3.3 Accreditation of Prior Learning (APL

446

NIH Grants Policy Statement Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;NIH Grants Policy Statement ii Introduction The National Institutes of Health Grants Policy Statement (NIHGPS) is intended to make available to NIH grantees, in a single document, the policy requirements that serve as the terms and conditions of NIH grant awards. This document also is designed

Baker, Chris I.

447

Proposed Revisions for Regents Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposed Revisions for Regents Policy: Faculty Tenure Arlene Carney Vice Provost for Faculty family friendliness for probationary period #12;Basis for Revisions of Faculty Tenure Policy · Changed definitions of Academic Freedom and Responsibility required changes in the tenure policy. · As more untenured

Amin, S. Massoud

448

Harvard University Sponsored Programs Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ability to undertake and sustain vital research, scholarship and education. The classification of externalHarvard University Sponsored Programs Policy Policy Title: Gifts vs. Sponsored Awards Responsible the determination of funding type. This policy is intended to facilitate the appropriate classification of gifts vs

Goodrich, Lisa V.

449

Policy Groups Winfried E. Kuhnhauser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Policy Groups Winfried E. Kuhnhauser GMD National Research Center For Information Technology D: Systems that support a multitude of independent security domains in which an individual security policy domains consti- tutes a major problem. While security policies are capable of controlling the applications

Kühnhauser, Winfried

450

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY Tatjana Meschede Thomas M. Shapiro Laura Sullivan Jennifer Wheary LIVING LONGER ON LESS REPORT #3 #12;DevelopeD by: The Institute on Assets and Social Policy The Heller School for Social Policy and Management Brandeis University in collaboration with: Dmos | www

Snider, Barry B.

451

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy Responsible Administrative Unit: Finance & Administration STATEMENT This policy is intended to promote safe driving by operators of all vehicles utilizing streets and apply to all persons and vehicles physically present on the CSM campus. For the purpose of this policy

452

Environmental Analysis & Policy: Sample Pathway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Analysis & Policy: Sample Pathway Semester I Semester II Freshman Year CGS Core CGS Sustainable Development OR Spring GE 425 U.S. Environmental Policy (Senior) GE 309 Intermediate Env Analysis (Fall) EAP Elective Summer Environmental Internship Senior Year GE 420 Env Policy Analysis 4 th Semester

Goldberg, Bennett

453

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY ROADMAP FOR CALIFORNIA to the development of this report by the Energy Commission's Distributed Generation Policy Advisory Team; Melissa;ABSTRACT This report defines a year 2020 policy vision for distributed generation and cogeneration

454

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software. g4301-1chp22.pdf -- PDF Document, 190 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration...

455

Dynamic Line Rating: Research and Policy Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) is a smart grid technology that allows the rating of electrical conductors to be increased based on local weather conditions. Overhead lines are conventionally given a conservative rating based on worst case scenarios. We demonstrate that observing the conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. This paper provides a report of a pioneering scheme in the United States of America in which DLR has been applied. Thereby, we demonstrate that observing the local weather conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. Secondly, we discuss limitations involved. In doing so, we arrive at novel insights which will inform and improve future DLR projects. Third, we provide a policy background and discussion to clarify the technologys potential and identifies barriers to the imminent adoption of dynamic line rating systems. We provide suggestions for regulatory bodies about possible improvements in policy to encourage adoption of this beneficial technology.

Jake P. Gentle; Kurt S. Myers; Michael R. West

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Optical limiting materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.

McBranch, Duncan W. (Santa Fe, NM); Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Koskelo, Aaron C. (Los Alamos, NM); Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Robinson, Jeanne M. (Los Alamos, NM); Smilowitz, Laura B. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Cha, Myoungsik (Goleta, CA); Sariciftci, N. Serdar (Santa Barbara, CA); Hummelen, Jan C. (Groningen, NL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah Date Januarystate by seeking changes to the avoided cost tariff paid tomethod of calculating avoided costs that has been officially

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fueling stations; Cost; Shanghai; Fuel cell vehicles 1.and the delivery cost for fuel cell vehicles, however, itthus hydrogen cost therefore depend on the ?eet of fuel cell

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The costs of environmental protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, some have argued that tougher environmental policies can create jobs, stimulate innovation, and enhance competitiveness. On this view, economic side effects make environmental protection a sort of green free ...

Schmalensee, Richard

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Environmental Management System NEPA National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Combined Waste Form Cost Trade Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new generation of aqueous nuclear fuel reprocessing, now in development under the auspices of the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), separates fuel into several fractions, thereby partitioning the wastes into groups of common chemistry. This technology advance enables development of waste management strategies that were not conceivable with simple PUREX reprocessing. Conventional wisdom suggests minimizing high level waste (HLW) volume is desirable, but logical extrapolation of this concept suggests that at some point the cost of reducing volume further will reach a point of diminishing return and may cease to be cost-effective. This report summarizes an evaluation considering three groupings of wastes in terms of cost-benefit for the reprocessing system. Internationally, the typical waste form for HLW from the PUREX process is borosilicate glass containing waste elements as oxides. Unfortunately several fission products (primarily Mo and the noble metals Ru, Rh, Pd) have limited solubility in glass, yielding relatively low waste loading, producing more glass, and greater disposal costs. Advanced separations allow matching the waste form to waste stream chemistry, allowing the disposal system to achieve more optimum waste loading with improved performance. Metals can be segregated from oxides and each can be stabilized in forms to minimize the HLW volume for repository disposal. Thus, a more efficient waste management system making the most effective use of advanced waste forms and disposal design for each waste is enabled by advanced separations and how the waste streams are combined. This trade-study was designed to juxtapose a combined waste form baseline waste treatment scheme with two options and to evaluate the cost-benefit using available data from the conceptual design studies supported by DOE-NE.

Dirk Gombert; Steve Piet; Timothy Trickel; Joe Carter; John Vienna; Bill Ebert; Gretchen Matthern

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Synchronization of Limit Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Letter, we derive a sufficient condition of synchronizing limit sets (attractors and repellers) by using the linear feedback control technique proposed here. There examples are included. The numerical simulations and computer graphics show that our method work well.

Changpin Li; Weihua Deng

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

463

P\\procedure\\FP#36 TITLE: GREEN BUILDING POLICY PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P\\procedure\\FP#36 TITLE: GREEN BUILDING POLICY PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND RESOURCE the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Silver standard or equivalent. This policy will be limited% of building replacement value". RESPONSIBILITY: ACTION FACILITIES PLANNING DIRECTOR Ensure that the green

Fernandez, Eduardo

464

Expanding the Pool of Federal Policy Options to Promote Industrial Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann [Georgia Institute of Technology] [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cox, Matthew [Georgia Institute of Technology] [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL] [ORNL; Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Limited Commercial Maintenance (LCLM) Limited Lawn & Ornamental (LLO)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance, Ornamental & Turf, Private Ag, or General Standards CORE for Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance (LCLM), you must attend all day to earn the 6 CEUs required. Limited Commercial Maintenance (LCLM) Limited Lawn & Ornamental (LLO) Training & Exams Date

Florida, University of

466

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

production and conversion parameters must be optimized. Lower cost fiber enable CF composite applications. Approach: 1. Complete previous effort by scaling to the CF production...

467

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

performing fiber. (600-750 KSI) Barriers: Addresses the need for higher performance low cost fiber for hydrogen storage tanks and energy management structures of automobiles....

468

HTGR Cost Model Users' Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Temperature Gas-Cooler Reactor (HTGR) Cost Model was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project. The HTGR Cost Model calculates an estimate of the capital costs, annual operating and maintenance costs, and decommissioning costs for a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor. The user can generate these costs for multiple reactor outlet temperatures; with and without power cycles, including either a Brayton or Rankine cycle; for the demonstration plant, first of a kind, or nth of a kind project phases; for a single or four-pack configuration; and for a reactor size of 350 or 600 MWt. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for the HTGR Cost Model. Instructions, screenshots, and examples are provided to guide the user through the HTGR Cost Model. This model was design for users who are familiar with the HTGR design and Excel. Modification of the HTGR Cost Model should only be performed by users familiar with Excel and Visual Basic.

A.M. Gandrik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Maximizing Cloud Providers Revenues via Energy Aware Allocation Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud providers, like Amazon, offer their data centers' computational and storage capacities for lease to paying customers. High electricity consumption, associated with running a data center, not only reflects on its carbon footprint, but also increases the costs of running the data center itself. This paper addresses the problem of maximizing the revenues of Cloud providers by trimming down their electricity costs. As a solution allocation policies which are based on the dynamic powering servers on and off are introduced and evaluated. The policies aim at satisfying the conflicting goals of maximizing the users' experience while minimizing the amount of consumed electricity. The results of numerical experiments and simulations are described, showing that the proposed scheme performs well under different traffic conditions.

Mazzucco, Michele; Deters, Ralph

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The U.S. wind production tax credit - evaluating its impact on wind deployment and assessing the cost of its renewal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The desirability, viability, and cost effectiveness of policies designed to incentivize growth of the wind energy industry are subject to widespread debate within the U.S. government, wind industry groups, and the general ...

Ernst, Patrick C. (Patrick Charles)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Audit Costs for the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct program costs for detailed audits of 13.5 million square feet of institutional building space in the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program were $0.047/SF. The building area was 63 percent simple (offices, schools, and universities...

Heffington, W. M.; Lum, S. K.; Bauer, V. A.; Turner, W. D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Solar Policy Environment: Seattle  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The objective of the Emerald City Solar Initiative is to overcome the barriers to widespread deployment of solar energy technology, dramatically increasing residential, commercial, City-owned, and community-scale solar energy use. The City has assembled a strong team of partners that have proven track records in the fields of public planning, renewable energy resource mapping, financial analysis, site analysis, education and outreach, policy analysis and advocacy, community organizing and renewable energy project development.

473

Travel Policy and Procedures  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To supplement the Federal Travel Regulation (41 CFR, Parts 300-304), the principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation matters, and to establish DOE M 552.1-1, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 09-04-02, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information for the Department of Energy (DOE). Cancels DOE 1500.2A and DOE 1500.4A. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A.

2002-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

474

Travel Policy and Procedures  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Cancels DOE O 552.1. Admin Chg 1, dated 10-1-08 cancels DOE O 552.1A.

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

475

Travel Policy and Procedures  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the DOE repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Cancels DOE O 552.1-1. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A Admin Chg 1.

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

476

Vehicle Standards in a Climate Policy Framework WORKING PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

action to raise Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and issue vehicle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards both in California and federally. At the same time, U.S. policy makers are moving toward a national program to limit GHG emissions economy wide. The most robust strategy entails capping emissions

Edwards, Paul N.

477

University Policy No.: HR6315 Classification: Human Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the classification, the duties and responsibilities of the position, the education and experience requiredUniversity Policy No.: HR6315 Classification: Human Resources SPECIALIST/INSTRUCTIONAL Approving in a program on a full-time basis) will normally be limited to a maximum of fourteen hours of work each week

Victoria, University of

478

Design of Environmental Regulatory Policies for Sustainable Emission Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulations to reduce and control pollution. This article will contrast three different types of regulations for lowering air emissions from industry: Command-and-control policy, environmental tax, and emission trading on establishing legal limits on the permissible amount of pollutants discharged to the atmosphere, ambient air

Linninger, Andreas A.

479

UMBC Policy # X-1.00.02 Page 1 of 3 UMBC INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UMBC Policy # X-1.00.02 Page 1 of 3 UMBC INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY POLICY UMBC Policy # X-1.00.02 I. POLICY STATEMENT UMBC's Information Technology (IT) Security Policy is the basis to its IT resources. II. PURPOSE FOR POLICY The purpose of this policy is to establish an IT security

Adali, Tulay

480

Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Document states additional...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "limit policy costs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Staff Draft Report. Comparative Cost of California Central Station Electricity Generation Technologies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Energy Commission staff draft report presents preliminary levelized cost estimates for several generic central-station electricity generation technologies. California has traditionally adopted energy policies that balance the goals of supporting economic development, improving environmental quality and promoting resource diversity. In order to be effective, such policies must be based on comprehensive and timely gathering of information. With this goal in mind, the purpose of the report is to provide comparative levelized cost estimates for a set of renewable (e.g., solar) and nonrenewable (e.g., natural gas-fired) central-station electricity generation resources, based on each technology's operation and capital cost. Decision-makers and others can use this information to compare the generic cost to build specific technology. These costs are not site specific. If a developer builds a specific power plant at a specific location, the cost of siting that plant at that specific location must be considered. The Energy Commission staff also identifies the type of fuel used by each technology and a description of the manner in which the technology operates in the generation system. The target audiences of this report are both policy-makers and anyone wishing to understand some of the fundamental attributes that are generally considered when evaluating the cost of building and operating different electricity generation technology resources. These costs do not reflect the total cost to consumers of adding these technologies to a resources portfolio. These technology characterizations do not capture all of the system, environmental or other relevant attributes that would typically be needed by a portfolio manager to conduct a comprehensive ''comparative value analysis''. A portfolio analysis will vary depending on the particular criteria and measurement goals of each study. For example, some form of firm capacity is typically needed with wind generation to support system reliability. [DJE-2005

Badr, Magdy; Benjamin, Richard

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

482

Welfare and Profit Maximization with Production Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combinatorial Auctions are a central problem in Algorithmic Mechanism Design: pricing and allocating goods to buyers with complex preferences in order to maximize some desired objective (e.g., social welfare, revenue, or profit). The problem has been well-studied in the case of limited supply (one copy of each item), and in the case of digital goods (the seller can produce additional copies at no cost). Yet in the case of resources---oil, labor, computing cycles, etc.---neither of these abstractions is just right: additional supplies of these resources can be found, but at increasing difficulty (marginal cost) as resources are depleted. In this work, we initiate the study of the algorithmic mechanism design problem of combinatorial pricing under increasing marginal cost. The goal is to sell these goods to buyers with unknown and arbitrary combinatorial valuation functions to maximize either the social welfare, or the seller's profit; specifically we focus on the setting of \\emph{posted item prices} with buyer...

Blum, Avrim; Mansour, Yishay; Sharma, Ankit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

5, 14791509, 2008 Staged cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 5, 1479­1509, 2008 Staged cost optimization of urban storm drainage systems M. Maharjan et al Staged cost optimization of urban storm drainage systems based on hydraulic performance in a changing optimization of urban storm drainage systems M. Maharjan et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions

Boyer, Edmond

484

Reactor Cost Analysis Brian James  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reactor Cost Analysis Brian James Directed Technologies, Inc. 6-7 November 2007 This presentation specification & optimization · Capital cost estimation · Projected hydrogen $/kg #12;Directed Technologies, Inc/WGS Membrane Reactor OTM/ Water-Splitting ANL With WGS #12;Directed Technologies, Inc. 6-7 November 2007 BILIWG

485

Grid Limitations Presentation to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transmission," (FACTS), "high-voltage DC light" (HVDC light), ­ Range of costs and characteristics, ­ Several

Baldick, Ross

486

The cost of reducing utility S02 emissions : not as low as you might think  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A common assertion in public policy discussions is that the cost of achieving the SO2 emissions reductions under the acid rain provisions of the Clean Air Act ("Title IV") has been only one-tenth or less of what Title IV ...

Smith, Anne E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Orleans Flood Protection System Stphane Hallegatte1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such a hurricane protection a rational investment, even if countervailing risks and moral hazard issues1 A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Orleans Flood Protection System Stéphane Hallegatte1 Center for Environmental Sciences and Policy, Stanford University, and Centre International de Recherche sur l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

Examining the Costs and Benefits of Technology Pathways for Reducing Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examining the Costs and Benefits of Technology Pathways for Reducing Fuel Use and Emissions from On policy harmonized Tax credits Anti-idling Low Carbon Fuel Standard #12;Lifecycle Emissions Modeled in TOP-HDV 5 Fuel production, refining, and distribution Material acquisition, processing, and vehicle assembly

California at Davis, University of

489

Clean Energy Options for Sabah an analysis of resource availability and cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clean Energy Options for Sabah an analysis of resource availability and cost Tyler McNish1, 2 and Appropriate Energy Laboratory 2 University of California, Berkeley School of Law 3 University of California, Berkeley Energy and Resources Group 4 University of California, Berkeley Goldman School of Public Policy 5

Kammen, Daniel M.

490

FRONTAGE ROADS: AN ASSESSMENT OF LEGAL ISSUES, DESIGN DECISIONS, COSTS, OPERATIONS, AND LAND-DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRONTAGE ROADS: AN ASSESSMENT OF LEGAL ISSUES, DESIGN DECISIONS, COSTS, OPERATIONS, AND LAND with lower household incomes, lower population densities, lower percentages of bike trips to work, lower in constructing a solid, formal policy for all states and regions to follow in providing access along new

Kockelman, Kara M.

491

Optical limiting materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO{sub 2}) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400--1,100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes. 5 figs.

McBranch, D.W.; Mattes, B.R.; Koskelo, A.C.; Heeger, A.J.; Robinson, J.M.; Smilowitz, L.B.; Klimov, V.I.; Cha, M.; Sariciftci, N.S.; Hummelen, J.C.

1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

492

Processing Cost Analysis for Biomass Feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The receiving, handling, storing, and processing of woody biomass feedstocks is an overlooked component of biopower systems. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to identify and characterize all the receiving, handling, storing, and processing steps required to make woody biomass feedstocks suitable for use in direct combustion and gasification applications, including small modular biopower (SMB) systems, and (2) to estimate the capital and operating costs at each step. Since biopower applications can be varied, a number of conversion systems and feedstocks required evaluation. In addition to limiting this study to woody biomass feedstocks, the boundaries of this study were from the power plant gate to the feedstock entry point into the conversion device. Although some power plants are sited at a source of wood waste fuel, it was assumed for this study that all wood waste would be brought to the power plant site. This study was also confined to the following three feedstocks (1) forest residues, (2) industrial mill residues, and (3) urban wood residues. Additionally, the study was confined to grate, suspension, and fluidized bed direct combustion systems; gasification systems; and SMB conversion systems. Since scale can play an important role in types of equipment, operational requirements, and capital and operational costs, this study examined these factors for the following direct combustion and gasification system size ranges: 50, 20, 5, and 1 MWe. The scope of the study also included: Specific operational issues associated with specific feedstocks (e.g., bark and problems with bridging); Opportunities for reducing handling, storage, and processing costs; How environmental restrictions can affect handling and processing costs (e.g., noise, commingling of treated wood or non-wood materials, emissions, and runoff); and Feedstock quality issues and/or requirements (e.g., moisture, particle size, presence of non-wood materials). The study found that over the years the industry has shown a good deal of ingenuity and, as a result, has developed several cost effective methods of processing and handling wood. SMB systems usually cannot afford to perform much onsite processing and therefore usually purchase fuels processed to specification. Owners of larger systems try to minimize onsite processing to minimize processing costs. Whole truck dumpers are expensive, but allow for faster and easier unloading, which reduces labor costs and charges by the haulers. Storage costs are a major factor in overall costs, thus the amount of fuel reserve is an important consideration. Silos and bins are relatively expensive compared to open piles used for larger facilities, but may be required depending on space available, wood characteristics, and amount of wood to be stored. For larger systems, a front-end loader has a lot of flexibility in use and is an essential piece of equipment for moving material. Few opportunities appear to exist for improving the cost effectiveness of these systems.

Badger, P.C.

2002-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

493

Maintaining environmental quality while expanding biomass production: Sub-regional U.S. policy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates environmental policy effects on ligno-cellulosic biomass production and environ- mental outcomes using an integrated bioeconomic optimization model. The environmental policy integrated climate (EPIC) model is used to simulate crop yields and environmental indicators in current and future potential bioenergy cropping systems based on weather, topographic and soil data. The crop yield and environmental outcome parameters from EPIC are combined with biomass transport costs and economic parameters in a representative farmer profit-maximizing mathematical optimization model. The model is used to predict the impact of alternative policies on biomass production and environmental outcomes. We find that without environmental policy, rising biomass prices initially trigger production of annual crop residues, resulting in increased greenhouse gas emissions, soil erosion, and nutrient losses to surface and ground water. At higher biomass prices, perennial bioenergy crops replace annual crop residues as biomass sources, resulting in lower environmental impacts. Simulations of three environmental policies namely a carbon price, a no-till area subsidy, and a fertilizer tax reveal that only the carbon price policy systematically mitigates environmental impacts. The fertilizer tax is ineffectual and too costly to farmers. The no-till subsidy is effective only at low biomass prices and is too costly to government.

Egbendewe-Mondzozo, Aklesso; Swinton, S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; Zhang, Xuesong

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Computing & Networking Resource and Responsible Use Policies & Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding AC&N System & Network Administrator Policies I. PURPOSE This policy has been establishedComputing & Networking Resource and Responsible Use Policies & Guidelines Related policies Alleged Copyright Infringement Campus Wireless Network Infrastructure Policy Personal Home Page Policy

495

Bioenergy and the importance of land use policy in a carbon-constrained world  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Policies aimed at limiting anthropogenic climate change would result in significant transformations of the energy and land-use systems. However, increasing the demand for bioenergy could have a tremendous impact on land use, and can result in land clearing and deforestation. Wise et al. (2009a,b) analyzed an idealized policy to limit the indirect land use change emissions from bioenergy. The policy, while effective, would be difficult, if not impossible, to implement in the real world. In this paper, we consider several different land use policies that deviate from this first-best, using the Joint Global Change Research Institutes Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). Specifically, these new frameworks are (1) a policy that focuses on just the above-ground or vegetative terrestrial carbon rather than the total carbon, (2) policies that focus exclusively on incentivizing and protecting forestland, and (3) policies that apply an economic penalty on the use of biomass as a proxy to limit indirect land use change emissions. For each policy, we examine its impact on land use, land-use change emissions, atmospheric CO2 concentrations, agricultural supply, and food prices.

Calvin, Katherine V.; Edmonds, James A.; Wise, Marshall A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although solar costs are dropping rapidly, solar power is still more expensive than conventional and other renewable energy options. The solar sector still needs continuing government policy support. These policies are driven by objectives that go beyond the goal of achieving grid parity. The need to achieve multiple objectives and ensure sufficient political support for solar power makes it diffi cult for policy makers to design the optimal solar power policy. The dynamic and uncertain nature of the solar industry, combined with the constraints offered by broader economic, political and social conditions further complicates the task of policy making. This report presents an analysis of solar promotion policies in seven countries - Germany, Spain, the United States, Japan, China, Taiwan, and India - in terms of their outlook, objectives, policy mechanisms and outcomes. The report presents key insights, primarily in qualitative terms, and recommendations for two distinct audiences. The first audience consists of global policy makers who are exploring various mechanisms to increase the penetration of solar power in markets to mitigate climate change. The second audience consists of key Indian policy makers who are developing a long-term implementation plan under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission and various state initiatives.

Deshmukh, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Gambhir, Ashwin; Phadke, Amol

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid parity--or break-even cost--for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that local incentives rather than ?technical? parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Conclusions and Policy Directions,  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter briefly revisits the constraints and opportunities of mitigation and adaptation, and highlights and the multiple linkages, synergies and trade-offs between mitigation, adaptation and urban development. The chapter then presents future policy directions, focusing on local, national and international principles and policies for supporting and enhancing urban responses to climate change. In summary, policy directions for linking climate change responses with urban development offer abundant opportunities; but they call for new philosophies about how to think about the future and how to connect different roles of different levels of government and different parts of the urban community. In many cases, this implies changes in how urban areas operate - fostering closer coordination between local governments and local economic institutions, and building new connections between central power structures and parts of the population who have often been kept outside of the circle of consultation and discourse. The difficulties involved in changing deeply set patterns of interaction and decision-making in urban areas should not be underestimated. Because it is so difficult, successful experiences need to be identified, described and widely publicized as models for others. However, where this challenge is met, it is likely not only to increase opportunities and reduce threats to urban development in profoundly important ways, but to make the urban area a more effective socio-political entity, in general - a better city in how it works day to day and how it solves a myriad of problems as they emerge - far beyond climate change connections alone. It is in this sense that climate change responses can be catalysts for socially inclusive, economically productive and environmentally friendly urban development, helping to pioneer new patterns of stakeholder communication and participation.

Wilbanks, Thomas J [ORNL; Romero-Lankao, Paty [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Gnatz, P [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

ADR Revised Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe Office of FossilMembership |92011PolicyDepartment ofADOPTION

500

ORISE: Policy Implementation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistory TheManagement ManPolicy Implementation