Sample records for limestone mo magnesium

  1. Occupancy and site distribution of europium in barium magnesium aluminate Eu Mossbauer spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boolchand, Punit

    Occupancy and site distribution of europium in barium magnesium aluminate by 151 Eu Mo¨ssbauer Mo¨ssbauer spectroscopy. Analysis of the Mo¨ssbauer line shapes reveals a pentamodal or higher site

  2. Production of magnesium metal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

  3. Production of magnesium metal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN); Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN); Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN); Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA)

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

  4. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, A.F.; Howard, J.B.; Modestino, A.J.; Peters, W.A.

    1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400 C or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products. 12 figs.

  5. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, Alexander F. (Cambridge, MA); Howard, Jack B. (Winchester, MA); Modestino, Anthony J. (Hanson, MA); Peters, William A. (Lexington, MA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400.degree. C. or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products.

  6. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Industry Associations International Magnesium Association Founded in 1943, the mission of the International Magnesium Association (IMA) is to promote the use of the metal magnesium...

  7. Electrodeposition of magnesium and magnesium/aluminum alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, Anton (Los Alamos, NM)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrolytes and plating solutions for use in processes for electroplating and electroforming pure magnesium and alloys of aluminum and magnesium and also electrodeposition processes. An electrolyte of this invention is comprised of an alkali metal fluoride or a quaternary ammonium halide, dimethyl magnesium and/or diethyl magnesium, and triethyl aluminum and/or triisobutyl aluminum. An electrolyte may be dissolved in an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent to form a plating solution. The proportions of the component compounds in the electrolyte are varied to produce essentially pure magnesium or magnesium/aluminum alloys having varying selected compositions.

  8. Electrodeposition of magnesium and magnesium/aluminum alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, A.

    1988-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrolytes and plating solutions for use in processes for electroplating and electroforming pure magnesium and alloys of aluminum and magnesium and also electrodeposition processes. An electrolyte of this invention is comprised of an alkali metal fluoride or a quaternary ammonium halide, dimethyl magnesium and/or diethyl magnesium, and triethyl aluminum and/or triisobutyl aluminum. An electrolyte may be dissolved in an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent to form a plating solution. The proportions of the component compounds in the electrolyte are varied to produce essentially pure magnesium or magnesium/aluminum alloys having varying selected compositions.

  9. AEC Lowman Station - coal switching and magnesium-enhanced lime scrubbing to lower operating costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inkenhaus, W.; Babu, M.; Smith, K. [Dravo Lime Co., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Loper, L. [Alabama Electric Coopreative, Leroy, AL (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    AEC`s Lowman Station is located in Leroy, Alabama. There are three coal-fired boilers at this station. Unit 1 is capable of generating 85 MW without a flue gas desulfurization, FGD, system. Units 2 and 3, with a total of 516 MW output capacity, are equipped with FGD systems. The FGD plant was designed for wet limestone FGD with natural oxidation. Lowman Station burned low sulfur, 1.3 to 1.8% sulfur, coal. In January of 1996 AEC switched Units 2 and 3 from limestone to magnesium-enhanced lime FGD operation. It was determined that the plant could take advantage of the higher SO{sub 2} removal efficiency of the magnesium-enhanced lime system. Major benefits resulting from this conversion were AEC`s ability to switch to a lower cost high sulfur coal while meeting the stringent SO{sub 2} emission requirements. Power cost savings resulted from the lower liquid to gas ratio required by the magnesium-enhanced lime process. Three recirculation pumps per module were reduced to a single operating pump per module, lowering the scrubber pressure drop. Significant cost reduction in the operating costs of the ball mill was realized due to modifications made to slake lime instead of grinding limestone. Prior to switching, personnel from AEC and Dravo Lime Company ran a four week test on magnesium-enhanced lime to obtain scrubber performance data including SO{sub 2} removal efficiencies on the modules while burning a 1.8% sulfur coal. This paper discusses the plant modifications that were needed to make the switch, cost justifications due to coal switching, and AEC`s operating experiences to date. AEC and Dravo Lime Company working together as a team conducted detailed cost studies, followed by extensive field tests and implemented the plant modifications. This plant continues to operate burning higher sulfur coal with the magnesium-enhanced lime FGD system.

  10. MO. REV. MO. MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS GUIDELINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    MO. REV. MO. ATM-865 MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS GUIDELINES PAGE 1 Of 3 DATE 4/6/70 The purpose of this ATM is to update the ALSEP Magnetic Cleanliness Guidelines as delineated in A TM-294, dated 1 June. ATM-865 MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS GUIDELINES PAGE 2 OF 3 DATE 4/6/70 A review of the ALSEP Magnetic

  11. Synthesis of magnesium diboride by magnesium vapor infiltration process (MVIP)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Serquis, Adriana C. (Los Alamos, NM); Zhu, Yuntian T. (Los Alamos, NM); Mueller, Frederick M. (Los Alamos, NM); Peterson, Dean E. (Los Alamos, NM); Liao, Xiao Zhou (Los Alamos, NM)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of preparing superconducting magnesium diboride powder by heating an admixture of solid magnesium and amorphous boron powder or pellet under an inert atmosphere in a Mg:B ratio of greater than about 0.6:1 at temperatures and for time sufficient to form said superconducting magnesium diboride. The process can further include exposure to residual oxygen at high synthesis temperatures followed by slow cooling. In the cooling process oxygen atoms dissolved into MgB.sub.2 segregated to form nanometer-sized coherent Mg(B,O) precipitates in the MgB.sub.2 matrix, which can act as flux pinning centers.

  12. accumulate magnesium protoporphyrin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    previous work that the exchangeable magnesium behaves similarly to exchangeable calcium. Daniel L. Gilbert 12 Constraining magnesium cycling in marine sediments using magnesium...

  13. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion testing of western Kentucky limestones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, G.P.; Holcomb, R.S.; Guymon, R.H.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is studying and testing the burning of coal in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor (AFBC) as a means of generating electricity and/or process heat in an environmentally acceptable manner. The abundant, high-sulfur coal resources in this country can be utilized effectively in such a system. The ORNL test program supporting the 20-MW(e) AFBC pilot plant planned for operation by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1982 is described. During the test program 625 hours of coal combustion were accumulated in a 25-cm-diam bench scale AFBC. The fuel was Kentucky No. 9 coal with about 4% sulfur. Five different limestones from the Western Kentucky area were tested for their ability to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions. The bench scale combustor was operated under a variety of conditions including changes in bed temperature, bed height and superficial velocity. At a superficial velocity of 1.2 m/s, four of the five limestones achieved 90% sulfur retention with weight ratios of limestone feed to coal feed near 0.40:1 under no recycle (once through) operation. Carbon utilization (based on carbon loss data) averaged 84% for these tests. Two of the more promising stones were tested by recycling the material elutriated from the combustor. The amount of fresh limestone required for 90% sulfur retention was reduced by up to 50%. Carbon utilization approaching 98% was obtained under these conditions.

  14. An insoluble residue study of the Comanche Peak and Edwards limestones of Kimble County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurik, Paul Peter

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous investigations Comanche Peak and Edwards limestones. . Insoluble res idues 1 1 3 5 6 S tratigraphy Wa)nut clay. Conanche Peak limestone Edwards limestone. Georgetown limestone. 8 9 9 12 Paleontology Macropaleontology... on the basis of tha silt?clay insoluble residua y. Tectonic map of Early Cretaceous. Plate I. Vertical variation in insoluble residua content. . . . pocket vertical variation in sand-siss insoluble residue content Vertical vari. stion in sand...

  15. Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aluminum Silicate, Calcium Silicate, Magnesium Aluminum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aluminum Silicate, Calcium Silicate, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Magnesium Silicate, Magnesium Trisilicate, Sodium Magnesium Silicate, Zirconium Silicate, Attapulgite, Bentonite, Fuller's Earth, Hectorite, Kaolin, Lithium Magnesium Silicate, Lithium Magnesium

  16. Synthesis of superconducting magnesium diboride objects

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Finnemore, Douglas K. (Ames, IA); Canfield, Paul C. (Ames, IA); Bud'ko, Sergey L. (Ames, IA); Ostenson, Jerome E. (Ames, IA); Petrovic, Cedomir (Ames, IA); Cunningham, Charles E. (Ames, IA); Lapertot, Gerard (Grenoble, FR)

    2003-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A process to produce magnesium diboride objects from boron objects with a similar form is presented. Boron objects are reacted with magnesium vapor at a predetermined time and temperature to form magnesium diboride objects having a morphology similar to the boron object's original morphology.

  17. Synthesis Of Superconducting Magnesium Diboride Objects.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Finnemore, Douglas K. (Ames, IA); Canfield, Paul C. (Ames, IA); Bud'ko, Sergey L. (Ames, IA); Ostenson, Jerome E. (Ames, IA); Petrovic, Cedomir (Ames, IA); Cunningham, Charles E. (Ames, IA); Lapertot, Gerard (Grenoble, FR)

    2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A process to produce magnesium diboride objects from boron objects with a similar form is presented. Boron objects are reacted with magnesium vapor at a predetermined time and temperature to form magnesium diboride objects having a morphology similar to the boron object's original morphology.

  18. Cement substitution by a combination of metakaolin and limestone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antoni, M., E-mail: mathieu.antoni@epfl.ch [EPFL-STI-IMX-Laboratoires des Materiaux de Construction, Station12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Rossen, J. [EPFL-STI-IMX-Laboratoires des Materiaux de Construction, Station12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [EPFL-STI-IMX-Laboratoires des Materiaux de Construction, Station12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Martirena, F. [CIDEM-UCLV, Universidad Las Villas, Santa Clara (Cuba)] [CIDEM-UCLV, Universidad Las Villas, Santa Clara (Cuba); Scrivener, K. [EPFL-STI-IMX-Laboratoires des Materiaux de Construction, Station12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [EPFL-STI-IMX-Laboratoires des Materiaux de Construction, Station12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the coupled substitution of metakaolin and limestone in Portland cement (PC). The mechanical properties were studied in mortars and the microstructural development in pastes by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry analysis, mercury intrusion porosimetry and isothermal calorimetry. We show that 45% of substitution by 30% of metakaolin and 15% of limestone gives better mechanical properties at 7 and 28 days than the 100% PC reference. Our results show that calcium carbonate reacts with alumina from the metakaolin, forming supplementary AFm phases and stabilizing ettringite. Using simple mass balance calculations derived from thermogravimetry results, we also present the thermodynamic simulation for the system, which agrees fairly well with the experimental observations. It is shown that gypsum addition should be carefully balanced when using calcined clays because it considerably influences the early age strength by controlling the very rapid reaction of aluminates.

  19. Fracture testing of Edwards limestone: a statistical treatment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redding, David Earl

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Parameters. . 21 8. Goodness-of-Fit Statistic (Alpha) for Rubber Fracture Testing of Edwards Limestone. . 9. Sum of Square Residuals for Predicted Geometry vs. Base Geometry. . 38 10. Residuals in Sigma Theta Maximum at the Median Probability Value... for Predicted Geometry vs. Base Geometry. . 38 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Rubber Fracture Test Geometry. Page 2. Hollow Brass Cylinder Calibration. 13 3. Sigma Theta Max vs. Volume. . 18 4A. Cumulative Probability vs. Sigma Theta Max. Rubber Fracture...

  20. R tuart Haszeldine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom Oil Charge Preserves Deep-Burial Porosity in Sandstones and Limestones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    is a limiting value. Limestones often show complex shallow diagenesis, which obscures deeper effects. However

  1. Substrate and method for the formation of continuous magnesium diboride and doped magnesium diboride wire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Suplinskas, Raymond J. (Haverhill, MA); Finnemore, Douglas (Ames, IA); Bud'ko, Serquei (Ames, IA); Canfield, Paul (Ames, IA)

    2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A chemically doped boron coating is applied by chemical vapor deposition to a silicon carbide fiber and the coated fiber then is exposed to magnesium vapor to convert the doped boron to doped magnesium diboride and a resultant superconductor.

  2. Method for magnesium sulfate recovery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gay, R.L.; Grantham, L.F.

    1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for obtaining magnesium sulfate substantially free from radioactive uranium from a slag containing the same and having a radioactivity level of at least about 7,000 pCi/gm. The slag is ground to a particle size of about 200 microns or less. The ground slag is then contacted with a concentrated sulfuric acid under certain prescribed conditions to produce a liquid product and a solid product. The particulate solid product and a minor amount of the liquid is then treated to produce a solid residue consisting essentially of magnesium sulfate substantially free of uranium and having a residual radioactivity level of less than 1,000 pCi/gm. In accordance with the preferred embodiment of the invention, a catalyst and an oxidizing agent are used during the initial acid treatment and a final solid residue has a radioactivity level of less than about 50 pCi/gm.

  3. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Leading magnesium producers and casting companies are working with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to alleviate the global environmental threat of climate...

  4. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited...

  5. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Washington in February of 2002. The paper briefly describes the issues surrounding climate change and the Magnesium Industry, and gives an overview of the SF6 Emission...

  6. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Plant Assessments Greenhouse Gas Protocol (PDF 190 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Paper written by Bill Palmer, Cheminfo Services, Inc. Molten magnesium and its alloys are volatile...

  7. Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up Research and Engineering for Light-Weight Vehicles Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up Research...

  8. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Work Plans

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Magnesium Association has developed a work plan for achieving the industry's Climate VISION commitment. Read the International Magnesium Association Work Plan (PDF 92 KB)...

  9. Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium layered...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    environment and composition of magnesium gallium layered double hydroxides determined from solid-state 1H and 71Ga NMR Local environment and composition of magnesium gallium...

  10. Tissue magnesium and calcium concentration in relation to magnesium and calcium intake in rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinkham, Carrie Stanton

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , gestation, and lactation. The diets fed were as follows: low magnesium (200 mg Ng/kg and 5, 000 mg Ca/kg); calcium? supplemented (1, 200 mg Ng/kg and 16, 000 mg Ca/kg); low magnesium, calcium-supplemented (200 mg Ng/kg and 16, 000 mg Ca/kg); and control... was affected adversely by magnesium restriction; litter size was smaller and mortality rates the highest in animals fed the 1 cw magnesium diet. Pups of the magnesium ? restricted dams were lightest on Days 3 and 6 of lactation, while the pups of the dams...

  11. Modeling ofHybrid (Heat Radiation and Microwave) High Temperature Processing ofLimestone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakovlev, Vadim

    Modeling ofHybrid (Heat Radiation and Microwave) High Temperature Processing ofLimestone Shawn M (electromagnetic and thermal) modeling to cover practically valuable scenarios of hybrid (heat radiation is applied to the process of hybrid heating of cylindrical samples of limestone in Ceralink's MAT TM kiln

  12. Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin* YAZDAN MOLLAZAL Tehran petrology and petrography in three areas in the eastern Great Basin. Results are as follows: (1) At Moorman ..............................Ely Limestone 7 Carbonate petrology and ......................................petrography 8

  13. SLAM: a sodium-limestone concrete ablation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suo-Anttila, A.J.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SLAM is a three-region model, containing a pool (sodium and reaction debris) region, a dry (boundary layer and dehydrated concrete) region, and a wet (hydrated concrete) region. The model includes a solution to the mass, momentum, and energy equations in each region. A chemical kinetics model is included to provide heat sources due to chemical reactions between the sodium and the concrete. Both isolated model as well as integrated whole code evaluations have been made with good results. The chemical kinetics and water migration models were evaluated separately, with good results. Several small and large-scale sodium limestone concrete experiments were simulated with reasonable agreement between SLAM and the experimental results. The SLAM code was applied to investigate the effects of mixing, pool temperature, pool depth and fluidization. All these phenomena were found to be of significance in the predicted response of the sodium concrete interaction. Pool fluidization is predicted to be the most important variable in large scale interactions.

  14. Ethanol Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) Clusters. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M Mo, W) Clusters. Ethanol Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M Mo, W) Clusters. Abstract: Oxides of molybdenum and tungsten are an important class of...

  15. Magnesium Front End Design and Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    by: Alan A. Luo and R. C. McCune Presented by: James Quinn, General Motors Unibody Architecture 3-piece Mg front end (bodyframe) USAMP AMD 603 - Magnesium Front End Design and...

  16. Magnesium Research and Technology Development: Project 48976

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advise DOE on criticalkey funding areas for Mg 3 z z Approach Approach Approach Increase automotive industry awareness in the use of Mg Develop and maintain the Magnesium R&D...

  17. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    atmosphere, SF6 will persist for 3,200 years and is more than 23,000 times as strong a global warming gas as carbon dioxide (CO2). Read the U.S. and International Magnesium...

  18. Fluid distribution effect on sonic attenuation in partially saturated limestones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadoret, T. [Elf Exploration Production, Pau (France). Dept. Sismique] [Elf Exploration Production, Pau (France). Dept. Sismique; Mavko, G. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)] [Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Zinszner, B. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France). Lab. de Physique des Roches] [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France). Lab. de Physique des Roches

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extensional and torsional wave-attenuation measurements are obtained at a sonic frequency around 1 kHz on partially saturated limestones using large resonant bars, 1 m long. To study the influence of the fluid distribution, the authors use two different saturation methods: drying and depressurization. When water saturation (S{sub w}) is higher than 70%, the extensional wave attenuation is found to depend on whether the resonant bar is jacketed. This can be interpreted as the Biot-Gardner-White effect. The experimental results obtained on jacketed samples show that, during a drying experiment, extensional wave attenuation is influenced strongly by the fluid content when S{sub w} is between approximately 70% and 100%. This sensitivity to fluid saturation vanishes when saturation is obtained through depressurization. Using a computer-assisted tomographic (CT) scan, the authors found that, during depressurization, the fluid distribution is homogeneous at the millimetric scale at all saturations. In contrast, during drying, heterogeneous saturation was observed at high water-saturation levels. Thus, the authors interpret the dependence of the extensional wave attenuation upon the saturation method as principally caused by a fluid distribution effect. Torsional attenuation shows no sensitivity to fluid saturation for S{sub w} between 5% and 100%.

  19. Magnesium-phosphate-glass cements with ceramic-type properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

    1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid setting magnesium phosphate (Mg glass) cementitious materials consisting of magnesium phosphate cement paste, polyborax and water-saturated aggregate, exhibits rapid setting and high early strength characteristics. The magnesium glass cement is prepared from a cation-leachable powder and a bivalent metallic ion-accepting liquid such as an aqueous solution of diammonium phosphate and ammonium polyphosphate. The cation-leachable powder includes a mixture of two different magnesium oxide powders processed and sized differently which when mixed with the bivalent metallic ion-accepting liquid provides the magnesium glass cement consisting primarily of magnesium ortho phosphate tetrahydrate, with magnesium hydroxide and magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate also present. The polyborax serves as a set-retarder. The resulting magnesium mono- and polyphosphate cements are particularly suitable for use as a cementing matrix in rapid repair systems for deteriorated concrete structures as well as construction materials and surface coatings for fireproof structures.

  20. Magnesium phosphate glass cements with ceramic-type properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, Toshifumi (Mastic Beach, NY); Kukacka, Lawrence E. (Port Jefferson, NY)

    1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid setting magnesium phosphate (Mg glass) cementitious materials consisting of magnesium phosphate cement paste, polyborax and water-saturated aggregate exhibiting rapid setting and high early strength characteristics. The magnesium glass cement is prepared from a cation-leachable powder and a bivalent metallic ion-accepting liquid such as an aqueous solution of diammonium phosphate and ammonium polyphosphate. The cation-leachable powder includes a mixture of two different magnesium oxide powders processed and sized differently which when mixed with the bivalent metallic ion-accepting liquid provides the magnesium glass cement consisting primarily of magnesium ortho phosphate tetrahydrate, with magnesium hydroxide and magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate also present. The polyborax serves as a set-retarder. The resulting magnesium mono- and polyphosphate cements are particularly suitable for use as a cementing matrix in rapid repair systems for deteriorated concrete structures as well as construction materials and surface coatings for fireproof structures.

  1. Trace fossils of Fort Hays Limestone Member of Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), west-central Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, R. W.

    1970-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS ARTICLE 53 (CRETACEOUS 2) TRACE FOSSILS OF FORT HAYS LIMESTONE MEMBER OF NIOBRARA CHALK (UPPER CRETACEOUS), WEST-CENTRAL KANSAS ROBERT W. FREY University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo... Figures, 10 Plates, 4 Tables TRACE FOSSILS OF FORT HAYS LIMESTONE MEMBER OF NIOBRARA CHALK (UPPER CRETACEOUS), WEST-CENTRAL KANSAS' ROBERT W. FREY University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, Georgia CONTENTS PAGE PAGE ABSTRACT 5 Thalassinoides...

  2. Synthesis and Characterization of Magnesium-Silicon and Magnesium-Tin Solid Solutions for Thermoelectric Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Fang

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    time curves have been researched in this thesis for fully reacted magnesium-silicide & magnesium-stannide green ingots with doping materials i.e. antimony, bismuth by different doping ratios. These ingots were ground by a high energy ball miller...

  3. Synthesis and Characterization of Magnesium-Silicon and Magnesium-Tin Solid Solutions for Thermoelectric Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Fang

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    time curves have been researched in this thesis for fully reacted magnesium-silicide & magnesium-stannide green ingots with doping materials i.e. antimony, bismuth by different doping ratios. These ingots were ground by a high energy ball miller...

  4. Hydrogen storage characteristics of nanograined free-standing magnesium–nickel films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    free-standing magnesium–nickel ?lms Matthew Rogers · StevenFree-standing magnesium–nickel (Mg–Ni) ?lms with extensivefree- standing magnesium–nickel ?lms. Magnesium hydride (MgH

  5. Friction Stir and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium to Steel Friction Stir and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium to Steel 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  6. Texture Control by Selective Deformation Mechanism Activation in Magnesium Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, David Christopher

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for high strength, light weight structures in automotive and aerospace applications has driven a resurgence of interest in magnesium and its alloys. Unlike aluminum, wrought magnesium typically has a high degree of mechanical anisotropy...

  7. Texture Control by Selective Deformation Mechanism Activation in Magnesium Alloy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, David Christopher

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for high strength, light weight structures in automotive and aerospace applications has driven a resurgence of interest in magnesium and its alloys. Unlike aluminum, wrought magnesium typically has a high degree of mechanical anisotropy...

  8. AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

  9. Optimization of Trona/Limestone Injection for SO2 Control in Coal-Fired Boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobotec USA develops and markets air pollution control systems for utility boilers and other combustion systems. They have a particular interest in technologies that can reduce NOx, SOx, and mercury emissions from coal-fired boilers, and have been investigating the injection of sorbents such as limestone and trona into a boiler to reduce SOx and Hg emissions. WRI proposed to use the Combustion Test Facility (CTF) to enable Mobotec to conduct a thorough evaluation of limestone and trona injection for SO{sub 2} control. The overall goal of the project was to characterize the SO{sub 2} reductions resulting from the injection of limestone and trona into the CTF when fired with a high-sulfur eastern bituminous coal used in one of Mobotec's Midwest installations. Results revealed that when limestone was injected at Ca:S molar ratios of 1.5 to 3.0, the resulting SO{sub 2} reductions were 35-55%. It is believed that further reductions can be attained with improved mixing of the sorbent with the combustion gases. When limestone was added to the coal, at Ca:S molar ratios of 0.5 to 1.5, the SO{sub 2} reductions were 13-21%. The lower reductions were attributed to dead-burning of the sorbent in the high temperature flame zone. In cases where limestone was both injected into the furnace and added to the coal, the total SO{sub 2} reductions for a given Ca:S molar ratio were similar to the reductions for furnace injection only. The injection of trona into the mid-furnace zone, for Na:S molar ratios of 1.4 to 2.4, resulted in SO{sub 2} reductions of 29-43%. Limestone injection did not produce any slag deposits on an ash deposition probe while trona injection resulted in noticeable slag deposition.

  10. The magnesium nutrition of American upland and Egyptian cottons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmy, Hussein

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 19 ~ ~ ~ SS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ S7 LIST OF TABLES Page Effect of magnesium on stem he1ghts . . . 52 Relation of magnesium supply to average fresh and dry weight of cotton plants at 45 days ~ ~ \\ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 55 Relation of magnesium supply... to average fresh and dry weight of cotton plants at 85 days ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 54 Relation of magnesium supply to average number of flowers produced per plant 1n three day intervals, percentage shedding, percentage boll-set and rel- ative...

  11. Electrodeposition of aluminium, aluminium/magnesium alloys, and magnesium from organometallic electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayer, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrodeposition of aluminum, magnesium, and the combination of these metals from nonaqueous media is discussed. Plating baths for depositing Al/Mg alloys or for plating essentially pure Mg were developed. These solutions contain alkali meal fluoride or quaternary ammonium halide/aluminium alkyl complexes and dialkyl magnesium dissolved in aromatic hydrocarbons. Alloy deposits over the whole composition range can be plated from these solutions by varying the relative quantities of the aluminium and magnesium alkyls and by changing the bath-operating parameters. 18 refs., 4 figs.

  12. SOLID STATE JOINING OF MAGNESIUM TO STEEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jana, Saumyadeep; Hovanski, Yuri; Pilli, Siva Prasad; Field, David P.; Yu, Hao; Pan, Tsung-Yu; Santella, M. L.

    2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Friction stir welding and ultrasonic welding techniques were applied to join automotive magnesium alloys to steel sheet. The effect of tooling and process parameters on the post-weld microstructure, texture and mechanical properties was investigated. Static and dynamic loading were utilized to investigate the joint strength of both cast and wrought magnesium alloys including their susceptibility and degradation under corrosive media. The conditions required to produce joint strengths in excess of 75% of the base metal strength were determined, and the effects of surface coatings, tooling and weld parameters on weld properties are presented.

  13. Stratigraphy and diagenesis of the Mississippian Lodgepole Limestone, Williston Basin, North Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grover, P.W. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation of the Lodgepole Limestone (Bottineau Interval) indicates a sequence of three clinoform-shaped wedges that filled in the early Williston Basin. To date four productive 100m thick mounds have been discovered in the Lodgepole Limestone at Dickinson Field. The mounds seem to have nucleated at the toe of slope of the first highstand system tract and were subsequently buried by the second highstand systems tract. By isopaching each of the systems tracts one can predict were other mounds might have nucleated. Burial depth of the Bakken Shale-Lodgepole Limestone contact grade from 0.6 km at the edge of the Williston Basin to 3.4 km in the center. With increased depth the basal Lodgepole Limestone shows three phases of dolomitization, which are: small clear early dolomite; later iron rich fracture filling saddle dolomite and a later iron rich dolomite that seems to follow stylolites. Pre-oil migration mineralization of the overlying limestone include minor amounts of: anhydrite, pyrite, iron poor sphalerite, late iron rich sphalerite, chalcopyrite and celestite.

  14. Stratigraphy and diagenesis of the Mississippian Lodgepole Limestone, Williston Basin, North Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grover, P.W. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation of the Lodgepole Limestone (Bottineau Interval) indicates a sequence of three clinoform-shaped wedges that filled in the early Williston Basin. To date four productive 100m thick mounds have been discovered in the Lodgepole Limestone at Dickinson Field. The mounds seem to have nucleated at the toe of slope of the first highstand system tract and were subsequently buried by the second highstand systems tract. By isopaching each of the systems tracts one can predict were other mounds might have nucleated. Burial depth of the Bakken Shale-Lodgepole Limestone contact grade from 0.6 km at the edge of the Williston Basin to 3.4 km in the center. With increased depth the basal Lodgepole Limestone shows three phases of dolomitization, which are: small clear early dolomite; later iron rich fracture filling saddle dolomite and a later iron rich dolomite that seems to follow stylolites. Pre-oil migration mineralization of the overlying limestone include minor amounts of: anhydrite, pyrite, iron poor sphalerite, late iron rich sphalerite, chalcopyrite and celestite.

  15. Influence of salts on the sulfur retention of limestone in atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.W.; Lenc, J.F.; Shearer, J.A.; Chopra, O.K.; Myles, K.M.; Johnson, I.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increased utilization of the available CaO can reduce the amount of limestone required for SO/sub 2/ retention in atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion systems. In laboratory experiments, a pretreatment with inorganic salts, such as NaCl, CaCl/sub 2/, or Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, has been found to be an effective method of improving the CaO utilization. This report provides quantitative information on the effectiveness of the same sulfation-enhancement salts in reducing the limestone requirements in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor (AFBC). Some laboratory experiments indicated that only 0.1 mol % of salt was required to produce the structural changes in the limestone necessary to increase the CaO utilization. In contrast, the AFBC runs indicated that as much as 2.0 mol % salt was required to obtain a significant increase in the CaO utilization. The increased utilization of the salt-treated limestone in the AFBC reduced the total amount of limestone needed to meet the EPA emission standard for sulfur dioxide to one-half of that required when no treatment is used.

  16. Assessment of the magnesium primary production technology. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flemings, M.C.; Kenney, G.B.; Sadoway, D.R.; Clark, J.P.; Szekely, J.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At current production levels, direct energy savings achievable in primary magnesium production are 1.2 milliquads of energy per annum. Were magnesium to penetrate the automotive market to an average level of 50 pounds per vehicle, the resultant energy savings at the production stage would be somewhat larger, but the resulting savings in gasoline would conserve an estimated 325 milliquads of energy per year. The principal barrier to more widespread use of magnesium in the immediate future is its price. A price reduction of magnesium of 10% would lead to widespread conversion of aluminum die and permanent mold castings to magnesium. This report addresses the technology of electrolytic and thermic magnesium production and the economics of expanded magnesium production and use.

  17. Accumulation of surface-applied agricultural limestone in acid soils of east Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Earl Raymond

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limestone sample, the lime dealer who supplied the sample, and its source is found in Appendix A. Analyses of Agricultural t, imestone Analyses performed on each sample of agricultural limestone includea: total dissolution analysis, x-ray diffraction... in the surface of limed soils than in the surface of unlimed soils, and a greater proportion of exchange sites were occupied by Ca2+ in the surface of limed soils than in the subsurface. Aluminum saturation was high enough in the subsoil of some sites...

  18. Demonstration of a hydration process for reactivating partially sulfated limestone sorbents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.W.; Hajicek, D.R.; Myles, K.M.; Goblirsch, G.M.; Mowry, R.W.; Teats, F.G.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilization of limestione sorbent for the removal of SO/sub 2/ in coal combustion in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor (AFBC) can be markedly increased by reactivating the partially sulfated limestone for reuse in the combustor. Such reuse would reduce costs and the environmental impact of quarrying and disposing of large quantities of limestone. The reactivation process consists of hydrating the partially sulfated limestone by treatment with water. A demonstration of the hydration process and the reuse of the reactivated limestone were carried out at Grand Forks Energy Technology Center (GFETC) in cooperation with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The data obtained in the GFETC 0.2-m/sup 2/ AFBC are compared with those obtained earlier in the ANL 0.02-m/sup 2/ AFBC. Marked enhancement of calcium utilization was achieved in both studies, but differences were noted in the degree of enhancement and in the Ca/S mole ratios required to maintain SO/sub 2/ in the off-gas at an acceptable level.

  19. Hydrochemical Impacts of Limestone Rock Mining Ghinwa M. Naja & Rosanna Rivero &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Nora Egan

    . 2002). Even though the environmental impacts of ore and coal mining have been adequately investigatedHydrochemical Impacts of Limestone Rock Mining Ghinwa M. Naja & Rosanna Rivero & Stephen E. Davis B.V. 2010 Abstract Hydrochemical impacts of shallow rock industrial-scale mining activities close

  20. Concrete international /january 2010 35 Portland limestone cement (PLC) is produced by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Concrete international /january 2010 35 Portland limestone cement (PLC) is produced by blending demonstration of PLC concrete in the late-fall construction of a parking lot at a ready mixed concrete plant near Gatineau, QC, Canada. The performance of the plastic and hardened concretes produced with PLC

  1. Lead magnesium niobate actuator for micropositioning

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, C.D.; Bergum, J.W.

    1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved lead magnesium niobate actuator is disclosed comprising a cylindrical lead magnesium niobate crystal stack mounted in a cylindrical casing wherein a bias means, such as one or more belleville washers, is located between one end of the crystal stack and a partially closed end of the casing; and adjustment means are provided which bear against the opposite end of the crystal stack, whereby an adjustable compressive force is constantly applied against the crystal stack, whether the crystal stack is actuated in an extended position, or is in an unactuated contracted position. In a preferred embodiment, cooling ports are provided for the circulation of coolant in the actuator to cool the crystal stack, and provision is made for removal and replacement of the crystal stack without disconnecting the actuator from the external device being actuated. 3 figs.

  2. Lead magnesium niobate actuator for micropositioning

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Charles D. (Livermore, CA); Bergum, John W. (Concord, CA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved lead magnesium niobate actuator is disclosed comprising a cylindrical lead magnesium niobate crystal stack mounted in a cylindrical casing wherein a bias means, such as one or more belleville washers, is located between one end of the crystal stack and a partially closed end of the casing; and adjustment means are provided which bear against the opposite end of the crystal stack, whereby an adjustable compressive force is constantly applied against the crystal stack, whether the crystal stack is actuated in an extended position, or is in an unactuated contracted position. In a preferred embodiment, cooling ports are provided for the circulation of coolant in the actuator to cool the crystal stack, and provision is made for removal and replacement of the crystal stack without disconnecting the actuator from the external device being actuated.

  3. Impurity control and corrosion resistance of magnesium-aluminum alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, M. [GM China Lab] [GM China Lab; Song, GuangLing [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys is very sensitive to the contents of impurity elements such as iron. In this study, a series of diecast AXJ530 magnesium alloy samples were prepared with additions of Mn and Fe. Through a comprehensive phase diagram calculation and corrosion evaluation, the mechanisms for the tolerance limit of Fe in magnesium alloy are discussed. This adds a new dimension to control the alloying impurity in terms of alloying composition design and casting conditions.

  4. Electrodeposition of high Mo content Ni-Mo alloys under forced convection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlaha, E.J.; Matlosz, M.; Landolt, D. (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanee (Switzerland). Dept. des materiaux)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bright, compact, adherent, metallic Ni-Mo alloys, containing over 48 wt % Mo have been electrodeposited from an aqueous solution. The Mo content, which is the highest achieved so far in induced codeposition of Ni-Mo, was determined by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. The absence of oxygen was verified by Auger electron spectroscopy. Electrodeposition experiments were performed on rotating cylinder electrodes and demonstrate that the Mo content of the alloy is strongly influenced by convective transport.

  5. antenatal magnesium sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was reduced by 30 % at 48 hours of the treatment. Results. After magnesium sulfate infusion, 90 % prolonged their pregnancy for>48 hours. Combination therapy was effective in 95...

  6. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: GHG Inventory...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    GHG Inventory Protocols The Magnesium Industry Partnership's SF6 emissions tracking and reporting software tool (Excel based) can be accessed by visiting the Partnership's...

  7. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: GHG Information

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    GHG Information The magnesium industry directly emits SF6 from its primary metal production, parts casting, and recycling operations. In 2005, the industry's SF6 emissions were...

  8. Magnesium Front End Research and Development AMD 604

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and sheet forming Improved high-volume manufacturing techniques for joining and corrosion protection of magnesium structures. Improved knowledge base in Mg...

  9. Magnesium Front End Research and Development AMD 604

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    high volume manufacturing techniques for joining of Mg - Large- scale joining and corrosion protection of magnesium structures. * Corrosion: Durability of Mg-intensive...

  10. AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Neutral or Less Than Current Aluminum Components USAMP AMD 601 - High Integrity Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) edm2@chrysler.com February 28, 2008 Approach Scientific...

  11. az31 wrought magnesium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MgOTiB2. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??The stoichiometric Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS) thermite reaction involving magnesium oxide...

  12. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    irradiation with magnesium as the major metallic transmutant; the others include aluminum, beryllium and phosphorus in addition to helium and hydrogen gaseous species. The...

  13. Development of High-Volume Warm Forming of Low-Cost Magnesium...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Magnesium Sheet AMD 602 Project Team * OEM's - Chrysler, Ford , GM * Contracts - Troy Tooling Technologies - Materials Suppliers * Magnesium Elektron * POSCO * Thyssen * CSIRO *...

  14. Development of High-Volume Warm Forming of Low-Cost Magnesium...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    mccarty13.pdf More Documents & Publications Warm Forming of AluminumAMD 307 Magnesium Front End Research And Development (AMD604) Magnesium Front End Design And Development...

  15. Transient sulfation behavior of limestone particles in an AFBC test rig: Data for validation studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Organ, L.; Selcuk, N.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intraparticle conversion profiles and evolution or pore structure with time were investigated by exposing essentially non-porous limestone particles with an average size of 0.655 mm to reaction conditions in a 0.3 MWt atmospheric fluidized bed combustor (AFBC) operating under steady state conditions with and without limestone addition. Structural analyses of the partially sulfated particles show that both the surface area and pore volume increase at the early stages of the reaction but later pore volume remains nearly constant while BET surface area progressively decreases due to the blockage of smaller pores by the bulky reaction product, calcium sulfate. Correspondingly, the pore size distributions indicate a progressive shift toward large pore diameters. The particles were also examined by means of SEM-EDX analysis technique in order to determine their intraparticle sulfaction profiles. The analyses demonstrate that the conversion profile starts from a maximum at the particle surface and decreases progressively toward the product layer-core interface.

  16. Characterisation of hydraulic fractures in limestones using X-ray microtomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renard, Francois; Desrues, Jacques; Plougonven, Erwan; Ougier-Simonin, Audrey

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydraulic tension fractures were produced in porous limestones using a specially designed hydraulic cell. The 3D geometry of the samples was imaged using X-ray computed microtomography before and after fracturation. Using these data, it was possible to estimate the permeability tensor of the core samples, extract the path of the rupture and compare it to the heterogeneities initially present in the rock.

  17. Casting Porosity-Free Grain Refined Magnesium Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwam, David [Case Western Reserve University] [Case Western Reserve University

    2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to identify the root causes for micro-porosity in magnesium alloy castings and recommend remedies that can be implemented in production. The findings confirm the key role played by utilizing optimal gating and risering practices in minimizing porosity in magnesium castings.?

  18. Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70 HgPromising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising

  19. Distribution and diversity of ostracode assemblages from the Hamlin Shale and the Americus Limestone (Permian, Wolfcampian) in northeastern Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, R. M.; Kaesler, R. L.

    1980-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Shale have been recognized: lagoonal, carbonate mudflat, intertidal shoal and beach, and non- marine. Four lithofacies are recognized in the Americus Limestone: tidal mudflat, lagoonal, carbonate shoal, and basinal. The uppermost Hamlin Shale... bassleri, and Carbonita in- flata; 3) lagoons and tidal mudflats of the Hamlin Shale, characterized by Parapar- chites humerosus; 4) lagoons of the Americus Limestone, also characterized by Paraparchites humerosus and by Bairdia beedei; 5) mixed quiet...

  20. Effect of limestone reactivity on the digestibility of nutrients in sorghum based diets fed to lactating Holstein cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malasri, Kriangchitt Banphabutr

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF LIMESTONE REACTIVITY ON THE DIGESTIBILITY OF NUTRIENTS IN SORGHUM BASED DIETS FED TO LACTATING HOLSTEIN COWS A Thesis by KRIANGCHITT BANPHABUTR MALASRI Submitted to the Graduate College of' Texas A&M University in partial f...'ulfillment of the requirement f' or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Animal Science EFFECT OF LIMESTONE REACTIVITY ON THE DIGESTIBILITY OF NUTRIENTS IN SORGHUM BASED DIETS FED TO LACTATING HOLSTEIN CONJS A thesis by KRIANGCHITT BANPHABUTR...

  1. US WNC MO Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalThe Outlook269,023Year69,023USWNC MO Site

  2. Process for converting magnesium fluoride to calcium fluoride

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kreuzmann, A.B.; Palmer, D.A.

    1984-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a process for the conversion of magnesium fluoride to calcium fluoride whereby magnesium fluoride is decomposed by heating in the presence of calcium carbonate, calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide. Magnesium fluoride is a by-product of the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride to form uranium metal and has no known commercial use, thus its production creates a significant storage problem. The advantage of this invention is that the quality of calcium fluoride produced is sufficient to be used in the industrial manufacture of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride, steel mill flux or ceramic applications.

  3. An EPR study of ¹?O? on magnesium oxide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ning-Bew

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EPR STUDY OF 0 ON MAGNESIUM OXIDE A Thesis by NING-SEW WONG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1971 Major Subject: Chemistry AN EPR... STUDY OF 0 ON MAGNESIUM OXIDE A Thesis by NING-BEN WONG Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committe (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) May 1971 ABSTRACT 17 An EPR Study of 0 on Magnesium Oxide (May, 1971) Ning-Bew Wong, B...

  4. alvos contendo mo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CaMoO4 crystal scintillators. A high sensitivity experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 100-Mo by using CaMoO4 scintillators is discussed. Annenkov, A N;...

  5. Mixing and combustion in a coal-limestone fluidized bed combustor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, M.O.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Task 1 was to investigate experimentally the characteristics of solids mixing between coal and limestone in a cold fluidized bed; Task 2 was to derive a model to describe the behavior of solids mixing observed in Task 1; and Task 3 was to develop a combustor model, which couples the mixing model derived in Task 2 with a combustion model, to simulate the mixing and combustion behavior in a hot coal-limestone fluidized bed combustor. In Task 1, the experiments were carried out in a 0.203 m diameter cold fluidized bed with coal and limestone of different sizes the the fluidized particles. Experimental parameters examined included operation time, air flow rate, bed height, initial bed setup, relative particle size and relative amount of the two particles. In the second task, the mixing model considered the downward or upward movement of a particle in the bed as being governed by certain probability laws; these laws were, in turn, affected by the bubbles. The distance of the upward movement was governed by the residence time of a particle staying in a bubble wake; the distance of downward movement, however, was determined from a material balance consideration. In all, the model took into account the effects of time, flow rate, initial bed setup and relative particle size on solids mixing. Dynamic coal concentration profiles under different operating conditions were generated by the simulation and were found to represent the experimental data reasonably well. In addition to the operation parameters included in Tasks 1 and 2, the model developed in Task 3 also considered the inlet size distribution of coal, size reduction of coal due to combustion and coal elutriation. This model was a capable of predicting the dynamic mixing and combustion behavior in a combustor under specific operation conditions.

  6. Paleoenvironment of an upper Cotton Valley (Knowles limestone) patch reef, Milam County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cregg, Allen Kent

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Head of' Department) ( Mem'her ) (Member) May 198Z ABSTRACT Paleoenvironment of an Upper Cotton Valley (Knowles Limestone) Patch Reef, Milam County, Texas (May 1982) Allen Kent Cregg, B. S. , University of New Orleans Chairman of Advisory.... Depth in kilo- meters (km) and thousands of feet (kft). Two-way time in seconds {sec). (Seismic section courtesy of Mohil Producing Texas and New Mexico Incorporated-United Geo- physical). - NW 1? 5 2? SR I A 1 SA 2 1 'I S ? 10 4? 15'-' 5? Z...

  7. Ames Lab 101: BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bruce Cook

    2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Materials scientist, Bruce Cook, discusses the super hard, low friction, and lubricious alloy know as BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium). BAM was discovered by Bruce Cook and his team a

  8. az91 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Studies on the inuence of chloride ion and pH on the corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy Engineering Websites Summary:...

  9. Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production V6 Engine to Effect Cost-Effective Mass Reduction Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production V6...

  10. An investigation of magnesium production in silicon by neutron transmutation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Freddie Joe

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering AN INVESTIGATION OF MAGNESIUM PRODUCTION IN SILICON BY NEUTRON TRANSMUTATION A Thesis by FREDDIE JOE DAVIS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Ron R. Har t (Chair of Committee) Donald L... University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr . Ron R. Hart An investigation of the production of' magnesium in silicon by neutron tr ansmutation is r eported. A 20 mil silicon wafer was irradiated at the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center...

  11. Formation of chemically bonded ceramics with magnesium dihydrogen phosphate binder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagh, Arun S.; Jeong, Seung-Young

    2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A new method for combining magnesium oxide, MgO, and magnesium dihydrogen phosphate to form an inexpensive compactible ceramic to stabilize very low solubility metal oxides, ashes, swarfs, and other iron or metal-based additives, to create products and waste forms which can be poured or dye cast, and to reinforce and strengthen the ceramics formed by the addition of fibers to the initial ceramic mixture.

  12. Determination of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen in high purity magnesium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roche, Neil Gerard

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF CARBON, NITROGEN, AND OXYGEN IN HIGH PURITY MAGNESIUM A Thesis by NEIL GERARD ROCHE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8cM University in partial i'ulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1981 Major Subject: Chemistry DETERMINATION OF CARBON, NITROGEN, AND OXYGEN IN HIGH PURITY MAGNESIUM A Thesis by NEIL GERARD ROCHE Approved as to style and content by: E. A. Schweikert (Chairman of Committee) G. J. Bastiaans (Member) L...

  13. Paracontinuous boundaries within the Devonian Columbus Limestone and Delaware Formation of central Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conkin, J.E. (Univ. of Louisville, KY (United States). Dept. of Geography and Geosciences); Conkin, B.M. (Jefferson Community Coll., Louisville, KY (United States))

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Internal units within the Columbus Limestone (Early Devonian Emsian [Schoharie] to Middle Devonian Eifelian [late Onesquethawan]) and the Delaware Formation (Middle Devonian early Givetian [Cazenovian]) of central Ohio are separated by disconformities of the magnitude of paracontinuities. Stauffer (1909) divided the Columbus Limestone into zones A--H and the Delaware Formation into zones I--M. Within the Columbus, the A Zone (conglomerate at the base of Bellepoint Member) disconformably overlies Late Silurian beds. The D zone at top of the Bellepoint Member (bearing the Kawkawlin Metabentonite horizon) is overlain paracontinuously by the Marblehead Member (Lower Paraspirifer acuminatus-Spirifer macrothyris to Brevispirifer gregarius-Moellerina greenei zones [= E--G zones]), with the Onondagan Indian Nation Metabentonite in the top of the G Zone. The Marblehead Member is overlain paracontinuously by a bone bed at base of the Venice Member (H zone = Upper Paraspirifer acuminatus- Spirifer duodenarius'' Zone). I Zone (Dublin Shale=Marcellus) of the Delaware Formation overlies the Columbus and has two bone beds at its base; Tioga Metabentonite (restricted) overlies the I Zone bone beds and is a few tenths to 1.85 feet above the base of the I Zone. Paracontinuities and bone beds occur at the bases of J, K, and L zones. Conkin and Conkin (1975) have shown Stauffer's (1909) M Zone is an extension of his L Zone. The Olentangy paracontinuously overlies the L Zone.

  14. MoS2 Nanoribbons Thermoelectric Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab, Abbas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we have designed and simulated new thermoelectric generator based on monolayer and few-layer MoS2 nanoribbons. The proposed thermoelectric generator is composed of thermocouples made of both n-type and p-type MoS2 nanoribbon legs. Density Functional Tight-Binding Non-Equilibrium Green's Function (DFTB-NEGF) method has been used to calculate the transmission spectrum of MoS2 armchair and zigzag nanoribbons. Phonon transmission spectrum are calculated based on parameterization of Stillinger-Weber potential. Thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, is calculated using these electronic and phonon transmission spectrum. Monolayer and bilayer MoS2 armchair nanoribbons are found to have the highest ZT value for p-type and n-type legs, repectively. Moreover, we have compared the thermoelectric current of doped monolayer MoS2 armchair nanoribbons and SZi thin films. Results indicate that thermoelectric current of MoS2 monolayer nanoribbons is several orders of magnitude higher than that of Si thin films.

  15. Laboratory Investigations in Support of Dioxide-Limestone Sequestration in the Ocean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dan Golomb; Eugene Barry; David Ryan; Stephen Pennell; Carl Lawton; Peter Swett; Devinder Arora; John Hannon; Michael Woods; Huishan Duan; Tom Lawlor

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Research under this Project has proven that liquid carbon dioxide can be emulsified in water by using very fine particles as emulsion stabilizers. Hydrophilic particles stabilize a CO{sub 2}-in-H{sub 2}O (C/W) emulsion; hydrophobic particles stabilize a H{sub 2}O-in-CO{sub 2} (W/C) emulsion. The C/W emulsion consists of tiny CO{sub 2} droplets coated with hydrophilic particles dispersed in water. The W/C emulsion consists of tiny H{sub 2}O droplets coated with hydrophobic particles dispersed in liquid carbon dioxide. The coated droplets are called globules. The emulsions could be used for deep ocean sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Liquid CO{sub 2} is sparsely soluble in water, and is less dense than seawater. If neat, liquid CO{sub 2} were injected in the deep ocean, it is likely that the dispersed CO{sub 2} droplets would buoy upward and flash into vapor before the droplets dissolve in seawater. The resulting vapor bubbles would re-emerge into the atmosphere. On the other hand, the emulsion is denser than seawater, hence the emulsion plume would sink toward greater depth from the injection point. For ocean sequestration a C/W emulsion appears to be most practical using limestone (CaCO{sub 3}) particles of a few to ten ?m diameter as stabilizing agents. A mix of one volume of liquid CO{sub 2} with two volumes of H{sub 2}O, plus 0.5 weight of pulverized limestone per weight of liquid CO{sub 2} forms a stable emulsion with density 1087 kg m{sup -3}. Ambient seawater at 500 m depth has a density of approximately 1026 kg m{sup -3}, so the emulsion plume would sink by gravity while entraining ambient seawater till density equilibrium is reached. Limestone is abundant world-wide, and is relatively cheap. Furthermore, upon disintegration of the emulsion the CaCO{sub 3} particles would partially buffer the carbonic acid that forms when CO{sub 2} dissolves in seawater, alleviating some of the concerns of discharging CO{sub 2} in the deep ocean. Laboratory experiments showed that the CaCO{sub 3} emulsion is slightly alkaline, not acidic. We tested the release of the CO{sub 2}-in-H{sub 2}O emulsion stabilized by pulverized limestone in the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory High Pressure Water Tunnel Facility (HPWTF). Digital photographs showed the sinking globules in the HPWTF, confirming the concept of releasing the emulsion in the deep ocean. We modeled the release of an emulsion from the CO{sub 2} output of a 1000 MW coal-fired power plant at 500 m depth. The emulsion would typically sink several hundred meters before density equilibration with ambient seawater. The CO{sub 2} globules would rain out from the equilibrated plume toward the ocean bottom where they would disintegrate due to wave action and bottom friction. Conceptual release systems are described both for an open ocean release and a sloping seabed release of the emulsion.

  16. The Mississippian Leadville Limestone Exploration Play, Utah and Colorado-Exploration Techniques and Studies for Independents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Chidsey

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mississippian (late Kinderhookian to early Meramecian) Leadville Limestone is a shallow, open-marine, carbonate-shelf deposit. The Leadville has produced over 53 million barrels (8.4 million m{sup 3}) of oil/condensate from seven fields in the Paradox fold and fault belt of the Paradox Basin, Utah and Colorado. The environmentally sensitive, 7500-square-mile (19,400 km{sup 2}) area that makes up the fold and fault belt is relatively unexplored. Only independent producers operate and continue to hunt for Leadville oil targets in the region. The overall goal of this study is to assist these independents by (1) developing and demonstrating techniques and exploration methods never tried on the Leadville Limestone, (2) targeting areas for exploration, (3) increasing deliverability from new and old Leadville fields through detailed reservoir characterization, (4) reducing exploration costs and risk especially in environmentally sensitive areas, and (5) adding new oil discoveries and reserves. The final results will hopefully reduce exploration costs and risks, especially in environmentally sensitive areas, and add new oil discoveries and reserves. The study consists of three sections: (1) description of lithofacies and diagenetic history of the Leadville at Lisbon field, San Juan County, Utah, (2) methodology and results of a surface geochemical survey conducted over the Lisbon and Lightning Draw Southeast fields (and areas in between) and identification of oil-prone areas using epifluorescence in well cuttings from regional wells, and (3) determination of regional lithofacies, description of modern and outcrop depositional analogs, and estimation of potential oil migration directions (evaluating the middle Paleozoic hydrodynamic pressure regime and water chemistry). Leadville lithofacies at Libon field include open marine (crinoidal banks or shoals and Waulsortian-type buildups), oolitic and peloid shoals, and middle shelf. Rock units with open-marine and restricted-marine facies constitute a significant reservoir potential, having both effective porosity and permeability when dissolution of skeletal grains, followed by dolomitization, has occurred. Two major types of diagenetic dolomite are observed in the Leadville Limestone at Lisbon field: (1) tight 'early' dolomite consisting of very fine grained (<5 {micro}m), interlocking crystals that faithfully preserve depositional fabrics; and (2) porous, coarser (>100-250 {micro}m), rhombic and saddle crystals that discordantly replace limestone and earlier very fine grained dolomite. Predating or concomitant with late dolomite formation are pervasive leaching episodes that produced vugs and extensive microporosity. Most reservoir rocks within Lisbon field appear to be associated with the second, late type of dolomitization and associated leaching events. Other diagenetic products include pyrobitumen, syntaxial cement, sulfide minerals, anhydrite cement and replacement, and late macrocalcite. Fracturing (solution enlarged) and brecciation (autobrecciation) caused by hydrofracturing are widespread within Lisbon field. Sediment-filled cavities, related to karstification of the exposed Leadville, are present in the upper third of the formation. Pyrobitumen and sulfide minerals appear to coat most crystal faces of the rhombic and saddle dolomites. The fluid inclusion and mineral relationships suggest the following sequence of events: (1) dolomite precipitation, (2) anhydrite deposition, (3) anhydrite dissolution and quartz precipitation, (4) dolomite dissolution and late calcite precipitation, (5) trapping of a mobile oil phase, and (6) formation of bitumen. Fluid inclusions in calcite and dolomite display variable liquid to vapor ratios suggesting reequilibration at elevated temperatures (50 C). Fluid salinities exceed 10 weight percent NaCl equivalent. Low ice melting temperatures of quartz- and calcite-hosted inclusions suggest chemically complex Ca-Mg-bearing brines associated with evaporite deposits were responsible for mineral deposition. The overall conclusion from th

  17. Limestone sand (Figure 1) has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    rain or acid mine drainage. Its low cost makes it especially attractive, particularly at remote sites is available from the College of Agricultural Sciences Publications Distribution Center, 112 Ag. Administration://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/UH157.pdf/. Summary of Limestone Sand Pros and Cons Pros Cons -No maintenance -Inconsistent results

  18. International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin MULTI-SCALE CHARACTERISATION OF MONUMENT LIMESTONES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and to model deterioration process. In this paper, two sedimentary limestones are chosen. The first one, called, it is necessary to note the great diversity of the tuffeau family (important variability of minerals proportion and porosity [1]). So, studied tuffeau is tuffeau of Saumur, extracted from an underground quarry

  19. Nondestructive evaluation of an environmentally friendly conversion coating for magnesium alloys using optical measurement techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuniga, David

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium alloys have one of the highest specific strengths of all construction metals used. Specifically, magnesium alloy castings are used in the aerospace industry to reduce the weight of aerospace vehicles. Coating systems must be employed...

  20. Nondestructive evaluation of an environmentally friendly conversion coating for magnesium alloys using optical measurement techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuniga, David

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium alloys have one of the highest specific strengths of all construction metals used. Specifically, magnesium alloy castings are used in the aerospace industry to reduce the weight of aerospace vehicles. Coating systems must be employed...

  1. Development of High-Volume Warm Forming of Low-Cost Magnesium...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Yingbing Luo, George Luckey * GM - Paul Krajewski, Ravi Verma Contracts * Troy Tooling Technologies - Dennis Cedar * Materials Suppliers - Magnesium Elektron - POSCO -...

  2. Blood pressure and red blood cell magnesium, potassium, and calcium responses to dietary fats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrman, Noreen Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of hypertension. The role of dietary fats in blood pressure regulation is being studied more closely, with careful consideration to their actions on prostaglandin synthesis, membrane fluidity and permeability, and electrolyte balance. This study examined... Page 111 . V1 V11 . 1X Problem Identification. Electrolytes. Magnesium . The Role of Magnesium and Ion Transport . The Relationship Between Magnesium and Potassium. The Relationship Between Magnesium and Calcium. The Relationship Between...

  3. Nanostructured material for advanced energy storage : magnesium battery cathode development.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sigmund, Wolfgang M. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Woan, Karran V. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Bell, Nelson Simmons

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium batteries are alternatives to the use of lithium ion and nickel metal hydride secondary batteries due to magnesium's abundance, safety of operation, and lower toxicity of disposal. The divalency of the magnesium ion and its chemistry poses some difficulties for its general and industrial use. This work developed a continuous and fibrous nanoscale network of the cathode material through the use of electrospinning with the goal of enhancing performance and reactivity of the battery. The system was characterized and preliminary tests were performed on the constructed battery cells. We were successful in building and testing a series of electrochemical systems that demonstrated good cyclability maintaining 60-70% of discharge capacity after more than 50 charge-discharge cycles.

  4. Effects of dietary potassium and sodium on magnesium and potassium balance in lambs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poe, Julie Hamilton

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Molasses in a 1:1 mixture with magnesium oxide (Horvath et al. , 1967) or magnesium acetate (Ross and Gibson, 1969) has prevented low serum Mg levels. Magnesium alloy bullets have been designed to lodge in the reticulo-rumen and slowly release Mg...

  5. PITTING CORROSION ON MAGNESIUM ALLOYS : A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FIELD DATA USING EXTREME VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

    PITTING CORROSION ON MAGNESIUM ALLOYS : A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FIELD DATA USING EXTREME VALUE corrosion of the magnesium alloys AZ91D and AM60B combined with different coatings on steel bolts was investigated in field corrosion tests carried out by Volvo Car Corporation. Light metals like magnesium

  6. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Transition Metal-Magnesium Hydride Thin Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Transition Metal-Magnesium Hydride Thin Films T. J. Richardsona@lbl.gov Abstract Mixed metal thin films containing magnesium and a first-row transition element exhibit very large of magnesium hydride. Keywords: A. hydrogen storage materials, thin films; C. EXAFS, NEXAFS, X-ray diffraction

  7. Evaluation of microstructural eects on corrosion behaviour of AZ91D magnesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    . Magnesium and its alloys, with one quarter of the density of steel and only two thirds that of aluminium of the prerequisites for all these applications. The corrosion behaviour of cast magnesium±aluminium alloys couldEvaluation of microstructural eects on corrosion behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy Rajan Ambat

  8. Prompt {gamma}-ray spectroscopy of the {sup 104}Mo and {sup 108}Mo fission fragments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guessous, A.; Schulz, N.; Bentaleb, M.; Lubkiewicz, E. [Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Louis Pasteur, 67037 Strasbourg (France)] [Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Louis Pasteur, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Durell, J.L.; Pearson, C.J.; Phillips, W.R.; Shannon, J.A.; Urban, W.; Varley, B.J. [Department of Physics, University of Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics, University of Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Ahmad, I.; Lister, C.J.; Morss, L.R.; Nash, K.L.; Williams, C.W. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Khazrouni, S. [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences, Kenitra, Maroc (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences, Kenitra, Maroc (France)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The level structures of the neutron-rich {sup 104}Mo and {sup 108}Mo nuclei have been investigated by observing prompt {gamma} rays emitted in the spontaneous fission of {sup 248}Cm with the EUROGAM spectrometer. Levels with spins up to 12{h_bar} have been observed and {gamma} branching obtained. The data can be satisfactorily described when {sup 104,108}Mo are considered as axially symmetric nuclei: in {sup 104}Mo, rotational bands based on the ground state, the one-phonon and the two-phonon {gamma}-vibrational states and a quasiparticle state have been observed, whereas in {sup 108}Mo the information is limited to the yrast band and the one phonon {gamma} band. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  9. Tunable MoS{sub 2} bandgap in MoS{sub 2}-graphene heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebnonnasir, Abbas [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Narayanan, Badri; Ciobanu, Cristian V., E-mail: cciobanu@mines.edu, E-mail: kodambaka@ucla.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Kodambaka, Suneel, E-mail: cciobanu@mines.edu, E-mail: kodambaka@ucla.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Using density functional theory calculations with van der Waals corrections, we investigated how the interlayer orientation affects the structure and electronic properties of MoS{sub 2}-graphene bilayer heterostructures. Changing the orientation of graphene with respect to MoS{sub 2} strongly influences the type and the value of the electronic bandgap in MoS{sub 2}, while not significantly altering the binding energy between the layers or the interlayer spacing. We show that the physical origin of this tunable bandgap arises from variations in the S–S interplanar distance (MoS{sub 2} thickness) with the interlayer orientation, variations which are caused by electron transfer away from the Mo–S bonds.

  10. Determination of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen in high purity magnesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roche, Neil Gerard

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the determination of low Z impurities (carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen) is a prerequisite for gaining an understanding of the effects of chemical imperfections on the physical, metallurgical, and chemical properties of magnesium (2). The purpose of this study... of nitrogen was accomplished with a 7. 8 MeV Be beam and 9 3 some modifications of the preceeding He procedure were necessary due to the nature of the ion beam. Sam les and Standards Eleven magnesium ingots were received from Dow Chemical Co. , Texas...

  11. The magnesium nutrition of cotton as influenced by sodium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenabadu, Mervyn Wellesly

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1964 Major Subject. Plant Physic logy THE MAGNESIUM NUTRITION OF COTTON AS INFLUENCED BY SODIUM A Thesis By MERVYN M. THENABADU Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Commi. e Nun Head of Department Member Mem, er Member Member... REVIEW OF LITERATURE (a) Sodium as a plant nutrient (b) I'he role of magnesium in plant nutrition MATERIALS AND METHODS RESUL:S DISCUSSION 13 21 24 (a) The effect of treatments on grcwth and reproduction (b) The effect of treatments on the ccr...

  12. Elevated Temperature Tensile Tests on DU–10Mo Rolled Foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Schulthess

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tensile mechanical properties for uranium-10 wt.% molybdenum (U–10Mo) foils are required to support modeling and qualification of new monolithic fuel plate designs. It is expected that depleted uranium-10 wt% Mo (DU–10Mo) mechanical behavior is representative of the low enriched U–10Mo to be used in the actual fuel plates, therefore DU-10Mo was studied to simplify material processing, handling, and testing requirements. In this report, tensile testing of DU-10Mo fuel foils prepared using four different thermomechanical processing treatments were conducted to assess the impact of foil fabrication history on resultant tensile properties.

  13. Wetting of metals and glasses on Mo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.; Saiz, Eduardo; Lopez-Esteban, Sonia; Benhassine, Mehdi; de Coninck, Joel; Rauch, Nicole; Ruehle, Manfred

    2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The wetting of low melting point metals and Si-Ca-Al-Ti-O glasses on molybdenum has been investigated. The selected metals (Au, Cu, Ag) form a simple eutectic with Mo. Metal spreading occurs under nonreactive conditions without interdiffusion or ridge formation. The metals exhibit low (non-zero) contact angles on Mo but this requires temperatures higher than 1100 C in reducing atmospheres in order to eliminate a layer of adsorbed impurities on the molybdenum surface. By controlling the oxygen activity in the furnace, glass spreading can take place under reactive or nonreactive conditions. We have found that in the glass/Mo system the contact angle does not decrease under reactive conditions. In all cases, adsorption from the liquid seems to accelerate the diffusivity on the free molybdenum surface.

  14. Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Zongtang; Li, Zhenjun; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Li, Shenggang; Hennigan, Jamie M.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

    2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and theoretically with coupled cluster CCSD(T) theory and density functional theory. The reactions of two alcohols per M3O9 cluster are required to provide agreement with experiment for D2O release, dehydrogenation and dehydration. The reaction begins with the elimination of water by proton transfers and forms an intermediate dialkoxy species which can undergo further reaction. Dehydration proceeds by a ? hydrogen transfer to a terminal M=O. Dehydrogenation takes place via an ? hydrogen transfer to an adjacent MoVI = O atom or a WVI metal center with redox involved for M = Mo and no redox for M = W. The two channels have comparable activation energies. H/D exchange to produce alcohols can take place after olefin is released or via the dialkoxy species depending on the alcohol and the cluster. The Lewis acidity of the metal center with WVI being larger than MoVI results in the increased reactivity of W3O9 over Mo3O9 for dehydrogenation and dehydration.

  15. A Life Cycle Assessment of a Magnesium Automotive Front End

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Sujit [ORNL; Dubreuil, Alain [Natural Resources Canada; Bushi, Lindita [GreenhouseGasMeasurement.com; Tharumarajah, Ambalavanar [CSIRO/CAST-CRC

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnesium Front End Research and Development (MFERD) project under the sponsorship of Canada, China and USA aims to develop key technologies and a knowledge base for increased use of magnesium in automobile. The goal of this life cycle assessment (LCA) study is to compare the energy and potential environmental impacts of advanced magnesium based front end parts of a North America built 2007 GM-Cadillac CTS with the standard carbon steel based design. This LCA uses the 'cradle-to-grave' approach by including primary material production, semi-fabrication production, autoparts manufacturing and assembly, transportation, use phase and end-of-life processing of autoparts. This LCA study was done in compliance with international standards ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006. Furthermore, the LCA results for aluminum based front end autopart are presented. While weight savings result in reductions in energy use and carbon dioxide emissions during the use of the car, the impacts of fabrication and recycling of lightweight materials are substantial in regard to steel. Pathways for improving sustainability of magnesium use in automobiles through material management and technology improvements including recycling are also discussed.

  16. The magnesium nutrition of American upland and Egyptian cottons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmy, Hussein

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of phosphate, it is believed to be involved 1n phospholipM formation and in the synthesis of nucleo-proteins 1n plant cells accord- ing to Trucg gt al . (56). Bear et sic (4) found that oily seeds are especially h1gh in magnesium indicating some close...

  17. The Microstructure of Mechanically Alloyed Nanocrystalline Aluminium-Magnesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubicza, Jenõ

    The Microstructure of Mechanically Alloyed Nanocrystalline Aluminium-Magnesium Jen Gubicza1, mechanical alloying, nanocrystalline Al-Mg alloys Abstract. The effect of the nominal Mg content and the milling time on the microstructure of mechanically alloyed Al(Mg) solid solutions is studied

  18. Solid electrolyte based sensor for monitoring the magnesium level during reclamation of aluminum scrap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fergus, J.W.; Hui, S. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States). Materials Research and Education Center

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aluminum alloy scrap often contains excess magnesium which must be removed during recycling by a process referred to as demagging. The efficiency of this process could be improved with an in-situ magnesium sensor, which could be used to optimize the process parameters to the changing magnesium content. The sensor developed in this work consists of a galvanic cell with a magnesium fluoride (MgF{sub 2}) solid electrolyte and a molten magnesium reference electrode. The voltage output of the sensor changes by about 100 mV for the change in magnesium content which occurs during the demagging process (5 wt% to 0.1 wt%) and is in excellent agreement with thermodynamic measurements using molten chloride electrolytes. This paper focuses on the effect of silicon, which is a common alloying element in aluminum alloys, on the output of an electrochemical magnesium sensor.

  19. The effect of a prolonged magnesium restriction on the humoral immune response in maternal rats and their offspring 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohill, Diane T

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and to observe alteration in these effects resulting from magnesium supplementation during gestation and lactation. Female weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were provided diets containing adequate (1200 mg Mg/kg diet) or inadequate (200 mg Mg/kg diet) magnesium...), was lower in the magnesium-restricted dams, In the group which had been magnesium restricted during growth but then received supplemental magnesium during gestation and lactation, dams had an improved immune r esponse; but pups did not lt was conc...

  20. Diagenetic history and the evolution of porosity in the Cotton Valley Limestone, Teague Townsite Field, Freestone County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steffensen, Carl Kristian

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Porosity in the Cotton Valley Limestone, Teague Townsite Field, Freestone County, Texas (December, 1982) Carl Kristian Steffensen, B. S. , University of Illinois Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Wayne M. Ahr The Cotton Valey Lime was deposited... during a regressive phase of the Late Jurassic, in a shallow sea with an exten- sive platform. Mild salt tectonism has modified depositional and diagenetic environments through time. The Cotton Valley Lime is composed of thick, massive, oolitic...

  1. WHOLE-ROCK 87Sr/86Sr COMPOSITION AND APPARENT STRONTIUM ISOTOPIC AGE OF LIMESTONES FROM SITE 1118, WOODLARK RIFT BASIN, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Tony; Robertson, Alastair H F; Sharp, Timothy R; Trotter, Julie

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limestone from Unit VI (857.1–859.15 meters below seafloor) collected at Site 1118 contains a planktonic foraminiferal fauna indicating a latest Miocene to early Pliocene age. Globorotalia tumida is recorded in Sample ...

  2. Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine Ladimer S. Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    The 99 Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine Ladimer S. Nagurney Department of Electrical November 13, 2012 #12;Nuclear Medicine: Meeting Patient Needs with 99 Mo Ladimer S. Nagurney The 99 Mo Supply Chain #12;Background and Motivation Study of Nuclear Medicine Supply Chains is a combination

  3. Microfacies analysis, paleoecology, and environment of deposition of Morrowan shelf carbonates, Magdalena Limestone (lower division), Hueco Mountains, El Paso County, West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly, William Marc

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MICROFACIES ANALYSIS, PALEOECOLOGY, AND ENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION OF MORROWAN SHELF CARBONATES, MAGDALENA LIMESTONE (LOWER DIVISION), HUECO MOUNTAINS, EL PASO COUNTY, WEST TEXAS Volume I A Thesis by WILLIAM NARC CONNOLLY Submitted..., MAGDALENA LIMESTONE (LOWER DIVISION), HUECO MOUNTAINS, EL PASO COUNTY, WEST TEXAS Volume I A Thesis by WILLIAM MARC CONNOLLY Approved as to style and content by: Robert S to , Jr. (Chai an of Committee) Thomas E. Yancey (Member) Richard Rezak...

  4. Role of SrMoO{sub 4} in Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasala, S.; Yamauchi, H. [Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical Technology, Aalto University, P.O. Box 16100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Karppinen, M., E-mail: maarit.karppinen@aalto.f [Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical Technology, Aalto University, P.O. Box 16100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we investigate the elemental and phase compositions during the solid-state synthesis of the promising SOFC-anode material, Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6}, and demonstrate that molybdenum does not notably evaporate under the normal synthesis conditions with temperatures up to 1200 {sup o}C due to the formation of SrMoO{sub 4} as an intermediate product at low temperatures, below 600 {sup o}C. However, partial decomposition of the Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} phase becomes evident at the higher temperatures ({approx}1500 {sup o}C). The effect of SrMoO{sub 4} on the electrical conductivity of Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} is evaluated by preparing a series of Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} samples with different amounts of additional SrMoO{sub 4}. Under the reducing operation conditions of an SOFC anode the insulating SrMoO{sub 4} phase is apparently reduced to the highly conductive SrMoO{sub 3} phase. Percolation takes place with 20-30 wt% of SrMoO{sub 4} in a Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} matrix, with a notable increase in electrical conductivity after reduction. Conductivity values of 14, 60 and 160 S/cm are determined at 800 {sup o}C in 5% H{sub 2}/Ar for the Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} samples with 30, 40 and 50 wt% of added SrMoO{sub 4}, respectively. -- Graphical abstract: SrMoO{sub 4} is formed at low temperatures during the synthesis of Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6}, which prevents the volatilization of Mo from typical precursor mixtures of this promising SOFC anode material. SrMoO{sub 4} is insulating and it is often found as an impurity in Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} samples. It is however readily reduced to highly conducting SrMoO{sub 3}. Composites of Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} and SrMoO{sub 3} show increased electrical conductivities compared to pure Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} under the reductive operation conditions of an SOFC anode. Display Omitted Highlights: {yields} Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} is a promising SOFC anode material. {yields} During the Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} synthesis SrMoO{sub 4} is formed at low temperatures. {yields} Formation of SrMoO{sub 4} effectively prevents volatilization of Mo at high temperatures. {yields} Insulating SrMoO{sub 4} reduces to highly conductive SrMoO{sub 3} under SOFC-anode conditions. {yields} Composites of Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6} and SrMoO{sub 3} show high electrical conductivities.

  5. Development of CaMoO4 crystal scintillators for double beta decay experiment with 100-Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. N. Annenkov; O. A. Buzanov; F. A. Danevich; A. Sh. Georgadze; S. K. Kim; H. J. Kim; Y. D. Kim; V. V. Kobychev; V. N. Kornoukhov; M. Korzhik; J. I. Lee; O. Missevitch; V. M. Mokina; S. S. Nagorny; A. S. Nikolaiko; D. V. Poda; R. B. Podviyanuk; D. J. Sedlak; O. G. Shkulkova; J. H. So; I. M. Solsky; V. I. Tretyak; S. S. Yurchenko

    2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy resolution, alpha/beta ratio, pulse-shape discrimination for gamma rays and alpha particles, temperature dependence of scintillation properties, and radioactive contamination were studied with CaMoO4 crystal scintillators. A high sensitivity experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 100-Mo by using CaMoO4 scintillators is discussed.

  6. Switchable mirrors based on nickel-magnesium films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson,Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.; Armitage, Robert D.; Kostecki, Robert; Farangis, Baker; Rubin, Michael D.

    2001-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A new type of electrochromic mirror electrode based on reversible uptake of hydrogen in nickel magnesium alloy films is reported. Thin,magnesium-rich Ni-Mg films prepared on glass substrates by cosputtering from Ni and Mg targets are mirror-like in appearance and have low visible transmittance. Upon exposure to hydrogen gas or on reduction in alkaline electrolyte, the films take up hydrogen and become transparent. When hydrogen is removed, the mirror properties are recovered. The transition is believed to result from reversible formation of Mg2NiH4 and MgH2. A thin overlayer of palladium was found to enhance the kinetics of hydrogen insertion and extraction,and to protect the metal surface against oxidation.

  7. Electrical transport behavior of nonstoichiometric magnesium-zinc ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghatak, S. [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Deemed University, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur 713209, West Bengal (India)] [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Deemed University, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur 713209, West Bengal (India); Sinha, M. [Department of Physics, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal (India)] [Department of Physics, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal (India); Meikap, A.K., E-mail: meikapnitd@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Deemed University, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur 713209, West Bengal (India); Pradhan, S.K. [Department of Physics, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal (India)] [Department of Physics, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal (India)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the direct current conductivity, alternate current conductivity and dielectric properties of nonstoichiometric magnesium-zinc ferrite below room temperature. The frequency exponent (s) of conductivity shows an anomalous temperature dependency. The magnitude of the temperature exponent (n) of dielectric permittivity strongly depends on frequency and its value decreases with increasing frequency. The grain boundary contribution is dominating over the grain contribution in conduction process and the temperature dependence of resistance due to grain and grain boundary contribution exhibits two activation regions. The ferrite shows positive alternating current magnetoconductivity. The solid state processing technique was used for the preparation of nanocrystalline ferrite powder from oxides of magnesium, zinc and iron. The X-ray diffraction methods were used in determining the structure and composition of obtained ferrite, while multimeter, impedance analyzer, liquid nitrogen cryostat and electromagnet were used in the study of conducting and dielectric properties of ferrite.

  8. Re Effects on Phase Stability and Mechanical Properties of MoSS+Mo3Si+Mo5SiB2 alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ying [ORNL; Bei, Hongbin [ORNL; George, Easo P [ORNL; Tiley, Jaimie [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of their high melting points and good oxidation resistance Mo-Si-B alloys are of interest as potential ultrahigh-temperature structural materials. But their major drawbacks are poor ductility and fracture toughness at room temperature. Since alloying with Re has been suggested as a possible solution, we investigate here the effects of Re additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a ternary alloy with the composition Mo-12.5Si-8.5B (at.%). This alloy has a three-phase microstructure consisting of Mo solid-solution (MoSS), Mo3Si, and Mo5SiB2 and our results show that up to 8.4 at.% Re can be added to it without changing its microstructure or forming any brittle phase at 1600 C. Three-point bend tests using chevron-notched specimens showed that Re did not improve fracture toughness of the three-phase alloy. Nanoindentation performed on the MoSS phase in the three-phase alloy showed that Re increases Young s modulus, but does not lower hardness as in some Mo solid solution alloys. Based on our thermodynamic calculations and microstructural analyses, the lack of a Re softening effect is attributed to the increased Si levels in the Re-containing MoSS phase since Si is known to increase its hardness. This lack of softening is possibly why there is no Re-induced improvement in fracture toughness.

  9. Efficient One-Step Electrolytic Recycling of Low-Grade and Post-Consumer Magnesium Scrap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam C. Powell, IV

    2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal Oxygen Separation Technologies, Inc. (abbreviated MOxST, pronounced most) and Boston University (BU) have developed a new low-cost process for recycling post-consumer co-mingled and heavily-oxidized magnesium scrap, and discovered a new chemical mechanism for magnesium separations in the process. The new process, designated MagReGenTM, is very effective in laboratory experiments, and on scale-up promises to be the lowest-cost lowest-energy lowest-impact method for separating magnesium metal from aluminum while recovering oxidized magnesium. MagReGenTM uses as little as one-eighth as much energy as today's methods for recycling magnesium metal from comingled scrap. As such, this technology could play a vital role in recycling automotive non-ferrous metals, particularly as motor vehicle magnesium/aluminum ratios increase in order to reduce vehicle weight and increase efficiency.

  10. An examination of the relationship between calcium and magnesium and hypertension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georghiades, Mary Elizabeth

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    !ae thr ee blood parameter s best corre)ated with the dietary intake of calcium and magnesium. No i gni f i cant cor r el at i ons (p (0. 05) were ob . , envs d between the calcium, magnesium, or ca)cium/magnesium ratio of the diet and blood tissues... in alterations in the calcium/magnesium ratio. This topic merits Further investigation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to express her appreciation to Dr. Karen S. Kubena, her advisory committee chairman. For- pr oper guidance, constructive criticism...

  11. Magnesium and pyridoxine intake and mineral content of selected tissues and physical development in rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgar, Susan Elaine

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lower f eed intake s than did rats from other dietary treatments. During lactation, dai ly feed consumpt ion was lower in an ima1 s depr ived of magnesium. Approximately 24 hr postpartum, in dams who consumed a magnesium-deficient diet, the heart... and kidney contained significantly more calcium, 150'% and 300% respectively. During lactation, mild magnesium restriction resulted in increased weight loss by dams and decreased weight gain by pupa. In the of f spring of rats dep1 et ed o f magnesium...

  12. Regional analysis of rhythmic bedding in the Fort Hays limestone member, Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous), US western interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of a regional stratigraphic investigation of the rhythmically bedded Fort Hays limestone member of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico indicate at least two levels of cyclicity. Regional development of these cycles strongly supports the hypothesis that they are climatic in origin. Departures from simple cyclical patterns resulted from sedimentary effects of Late Cretaceous orogenic activity, erosional events associated with eustatic sea level changes, diagenetic modification, and possibly from interference between orbital parameters having different periodicities. The vulnerability of Milankovitch-type cyclicity to overprinting by tectono-sedimentologic effects makes units such as the Fort Hays useful as indicators of subtle tectonic activity. Regional thickness changes in groups of shale-limestone couplets were identified, correlated, and mapped in the subsurface using geophysical well log information in order to locate subtle structural elements that influenced Fort Hays sedimentation. In the Denver-Julesburg Basin of Colorado and western Kansas, thinning of the section between Fort Hays marker horizons occurs dominantly along northeastwardly trending belts that resulted apparently from Late Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental Arch. Isotopic and petrographic analyses were conducted on pelagic (carbonate matrix) and benthic (inoceramid bivalve) constituents of selected shale/limestone couplets. These data suggest that there was little difference in temperature or salinity between times of terrigenous detrital input and times of nearly pure carbonate deposition. Isotopic information from matrix samples suggests a westward decrease in salinity of surface water in the Western Interior Sea. Isotopic data from largely unaltered inoceramid bivalves indicate bottom-water conditions of near-normal marine salinity.

  13. The stratigraphy and environment of deposition of productive Wilcox clays in west central Freestone and southeast Limestone Counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelvey, Stephanie Anne

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lies between the Brazos River system to the west and the T ri n1ty River system to the east, and is 1 ncluded within the l i o r Freestone County u ~ xiogo Cs 0 QF ~ lrfi ~ Id ~ m ~ boro ~ oso ~ Limestone Count STUDY AREA Figure 2. Out1ine rf.... The dominance of these minerals indicates a highly active weathering environment in which only stable minerals could survive complete transport. The abundance of kaolinite also indicates that the area was well drained. Fisher (1961) reports that the Simsboro...

  14. Upcoming Management and Operating (M&O) Contract Competition...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Upcoming Management and Operating (M&O) Contract Competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

  15. MoRu/Be multilayers for extreme ultraviolet applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bajt, Sasa C. (Livermore, CA); Wall, Mark A. (Stockton, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High reflectance, low intrinsic roughness and low stress multilayer systems for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography comprise amorphous layers MoRu and crystalline Be layers. Reflectance greater than 70% has been demonstrated for MoRu/Be multilayers with 50 bilayer pairs. Optical throughput of MoRu/Be multilayers can be 30-40% higher than that of Mo/Be multilayer coatings. The throughput can be improved using a diffusion barrier to make sharper interfaces. A capping layer on the top surface of the multilayer improves the long-term reflectance and EUV radiation stability of the multilayer by forming a very thin native oxide that is water resistant.

  16. Interdiffusion between Zr Diffusion Barrier and U-Mo Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Huang; Y. Park; Y. H. Sohn

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U-Mo alloys are being developed as low enrichment uranium fuels under the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) program. Significant reactions have been observed between U-Mo fuels and Al or Al alloy matrix. Refractory metal Zr has been proposed as barrier material to reduce the interactions. In order to investigate the compatibility and barrier effects between U-Mo alloy and Zr, solid-to-solid U-10wt.%Mo vs. Zr diffusion couples were assembled and annealed at 600, 700, 800, 900 and 1000 °C for various times. The microstructures and concentration profiles due to interdiffusion and reactions were examined via scanning electron microscopy and electron probe microanalysis, respectively. Intermetallic phase Mo2Zr was found at the interface and its population increased when annealing temperature decreased. Diffusion paths were also plotted on the U-Mo-Zr ternary phase diagrams with good consistency. The growth rate of interdiffusion zone between U-10wt.%Mo and Zr was also calculated under the assumption of parabolic diffusion, and was determined to be about 103 times lower than the growth rate of diffusional interaction layer found in diffusion couples U-10wt.%Mo vs. Al or Al-Si alloy. Other desirable physical properties of Zr as barrier material, such as neutron adsorption rate, melting point and thermal conductivity are presented as supplementary information to demonstrate the great potential of Zr as the diffusion barrier for U-Mo fuel systems in RERTR.

  17. Mo Year Report Period: EIA ID NUMBER:

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24,High824 2.839 2.8352.747 2.759 2.699Mo

  18. Catalytic Properties of Supported MoO3 Catalysts for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Catalytic Properties of Supported MoO3 Catalysts for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane Kaidong The effects of MoOx structure on propane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) rates and selectivity were examined with those obtained on MoOx/ZrO2. On MoOx/Al2O3 catalysts, propane turnover rate increased with increasing Mo

  19. Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Cecilia Kronqvist Faculty;Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Abstract Both clinical and subclinical decreased plasma calcium levels and activated the calcium homeostatic mechanisms. However, there were

  20. SIMULATION OF STRESSES DURING CASTING OF BINARY MAGNESIUM-ALUMINUM ALLOYS M.G. Pokorny1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    SIMULATION OF STRESSES DURING CASTING OF BINARY MAGNESIUM-ALUMINUM ALLOYS M.G. Pokorny1 , C, Geesthacht, Germany Keywords: Magnesium Alloys, Casting, Stress Simulation Abstract A visco-plastic deformation model is used to predict thermal stresses during casting of binary Mg-Al alloys. The predictions

  1. Reliability of Laser Welding Process for ZE41A-T5 Magnesium Alloy Sand Castings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medraj, Mamoun

    Reliability of Laser Welding Process for ZE41A-T5 Magnesium Alloy Sand Castings Haider Al-Kazzaz1, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Canada Laser welding is a promising joining method for magnesium alloys. The process reliability of 2-mm ZE41A-T5 butt joints welded by a 4 kW Nd:YAG laser

  2. In vitro corrosion and biocompatibility of binary magnesium alloys Xuenan Gu a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    In vitro corrosion and biocompatibility of binary magnesium alloys Xuenan Gu a , Yufeng Zheng a Corrosion In vitro Cytotoxicity Hemocompatibility a b s t r a c t As bioabsorbable materials, magnesium was used as control. Their mechanical properties, corrosion properties and in vitro biocompatibilities

  3. Electroless iron plating on pure magnesium for biomedical applications Xingkai Zhang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    : Biomaterials Deposition Corrosion Thin films a b s t r a c t Electroless nickel plating is usually adopted geometries. Electroless nickel plating [10] is usually used to protect the magnesium alloy from corrosionElectroless iron plating on pure magnesium for biomedical applications Xingkai Zhang a , Wei Han a

  4. Effective porosity and density of carbonate rocks (Maynardville Limestone and Copper Ridge Dolomite) within Bear Creek Valley on the Oak Ridge Reservation based on modern petrophysical techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorsch, J.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to provide quantitative data on effective porosity of carbonate rock from the Maynardville Limestone and Copper Ridge Dolomite within Bear Creek Valley based on modern petrophysical techniques. The data will be useful for groundwater-flow and contaminant-flow modeling in the vicinity of the Y-12 Plant on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Furthermore, the data provides needed information on the amount of interconnected pore space potentially available for operation of matrix diffusion as a transport process within the fractured carbonate rock. A second aspect of this study is to compare effective porosity data based on modern petrophysical techniques to effective porosity data determined earlier by Goldstrand et al. (1995) with a different technique. An added bonus of the study is quantitative data on the bulk density and grain density of dolostone and limestone of the Maynardville Limestone and Copper Ridge Dolomite which might find use for geophysical modeling on the ORR.

  5. High Performance Batteries Based on Hybrid Magnesium and Lithium Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Yingwen; Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Jiguang; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Liu, Jun; Li, Guosheng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium and lithium (Mg/Li) hybrid batteries that combine Mg and Li electrochemistry, consisting of a Mg anode, a lithium-intercalation cathode and a dual-salt electrolyte with both Mg2+ and Li+ ions, were constructed and examined in this work. Our results show that hybrid (Mg/Li) batteries were able to combine the advantages of Li-ion and Mg batteries, and delivered outstanding rate performance (83% for capacities at 15C and 0.1C) and superior cyclic stability (~5% fade after 3000 cycles).

  6. Pilot-scale Limestone Emission Control (LEC) process: A development project. Volume 1, Main report and appendices A, B, C, and D: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prudich, M.E. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Appell, K.W.; McKenna, J.D. [ETS, Inc., Roanoke, VA (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ETS, Inc., a pollution consulting firm with headquarters in Roanoke, Virginia, has developed a dry, limestone-based flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system. This SO{sub 2} removal system, called Limestone Emission Control (LEC), can be designed for installation on either new or existing coal-fired boilers. In the LEC process, the SO{sub 2} in the flue gas reacts with wetted granular limestone that is contained in a moving bed. A surface layer of principally calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) is formed on the limestone. Periodic removal of this surface layer by mechanical agitation allows high utilization of the limestone granules. A nominal 5,000 acfm LEC pilot plant has been designed, fabricated and installed on the slipstream of a 70,000 pph stoker boiler providing steam to Ohio University`s Athens, Ohio campus. A total of over 90 experimental trials have been performed using the pilot-scale moving-bed LEC dry scrubber as a part of this research project with run times ranging up to a high of 125 hours. SO{sub 2} removal efficiencies as high as 99.9% were achievable for all experimental conditions studied during which sufficient humidification was added to the LEC bed. The LEC process and conventional limestone scrubbing have been compared on an equatable basis using flue gas conditions that would be expected at the outlet of the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) of a 500 MW coal-fired power plant. The LEC was found to have a definite economic advantage in both direct capital costs and operating costs. Based on the success and findings of the present project, the next step in LEC process development will be a full-scale commercial demonstration unit.

  7. Chemical alteration of limestone and marble samples exposed to acid rain and weathering in the eastern United States, 1984--1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimann, K.J.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a long-term program that began in 1984, limestone and marble briquettes have been exposed to both anthropogenic acid deposition and natural weathering of four field sites in the eastern United States. Similar tests began at an Ohio site in 1986. Effects of exposure on the briquettes and other materials at the sites are evaluated periodically by several federal agencies cooperating in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). A primary contribution of Argonne National Laboratory to the NAPAP has been chemical analysis to determine changes in the samples caused by exposure to the environment. Wet chemical analysis was used to detect sulfates, nitrates, fluorides, chlorides, and a series of metal cations in sequential layers of stone removed from the briquettes after field exposure. Results from the first four years of the program indicate that rinsing by rain keeps skyward-facing stone relatively clean of reaction products, especially sulfate, the most abundant product. On groundward-facing samples, sulfate concentrations increased linearly with exposure time, and values were proportional to atmospheric SO{sub 2} concentrations at the site. Sulfate concentrations in groundward samples were much higher in limestone than in marble, because of the greater porosity of the limestone. A steep sulfate gradient was seen in both sample types from the surface to the interior. On skyward surfaces, material losses per rain event due to complete dissolution of accumulated sulfates were approximately equal to concentrations measured in runoff. Preexposed limestone samples had sulfate accumulations deep in their interiors, while fresh, unexposed limestone did not. No substantial changes in cation accumulations wee detected in either limestone or marble.

  8. Carbon dioxide adsorbents containing magnesium oxide suitable for use at high temperatures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayorga, Steven Gerard (Allentown, PA); Weigel, Scott Jeffrey (Allentown, PA); Gaffney, Thomas Richard (Allentown, PA); Brzozowski, Jeffrey Richard (Macungie, PA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adsorption of carbon dioxide from gas streams at temperatures in the range of 300 to 500.degree. C. is carried out with a solid adsorbent containing magnesium oxide, preferably promoted with an alkali metal carbonate or bicarbonate so that the atomic ratio of alkali metal to magnesium is in the range of 0.006 to 2.60. Preferred adsorbents are made from the precipitate formed on addition of alkali metal and carbonate ions to an aqueous solution of a magnesium salt. Atomic ratios of alkali metal to magnesium can be adjusted by washing the precipitate with water. Low surface area adsorbents can be made by dehydration and CO.sub.2 removal of magnesium hydroxycarbonate, with or without alkali metal promotion. The process is especially valuable in pressure swing adsorption operations.

  9. Neutron Hole States of Mo-93,95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bindal, P. K.; Youngblood, David H.; Kozub, R. L.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - topes but less than half is observed for '"Mo. The hole strength distributions for l =1 and 4 are displayed in Fig. 10 for all the Mo isotopes. It is apparent from this figure that the states corres- ponding to lgg/2 2Py/2 and 2P, /, orbitals, which...

  10. Neutrino scattering off the stable even-even Mo isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balasi, K. G.; Kosmas, T. S.; Divari, P. C. [Theoretical Physics Section, University of Ioannina, GR 45110 Ioannina (Greece)

    2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Inelastic neutrino-nucleus reaction cross sections are studied focusing on the neutral current processes. Particularly, we investigate the angular and initial neutrino-energy dependence of the differential and integrated cross sections for low and intermediate energies of the incoming neutrino. The nuclear wave functions for the initial and final nuclear states are constructed in the context of the quasi-particle random phase approximation (QRPA) tested on the reproducibility of the low-lying energy spectrum. The results presented here refer to the isotopes Mo{sup 92}, Mo{sup 94}, Mo{sup 96}, Mo{sup 98} and Mo{sup 100}. These isotopes could play a significant role in supernova neutrino detection in addition to their use in double-beta and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments (e.g. MOON, NEMO III)

  11. Report on Energy Deposition Calculations on the Magnesium Diboride Superconducting Links for the Cold Powering System Deliverable: D6.6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bignami, A; Santini, C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report on Energy Deposition Calculations on the Magnesium Diboride Superconducting Links for the Cold Powering System

  12. Demonstration of resonant photopumping of Mo VII by Mo XII for a VUV laser near 600 {Angstrom}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ilcisin, K.J.; Aumayr, F.; Schwob, J.L.; Suckewer, S.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present data of experiments on the resonant photopumping of Mo VII by Mo XII as a method of generating a coherent VUV source near 600 {angstrom}. The experiment is based on a scheme proposed by Feldman and Reader in which the 4p{sup 6} -- 4p{sup 5}6s transition in Mo VII in resonantly photopumped by the 5s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} -- 4p {sup 2}P{sub 1/2} transition in Mo XII. Results of the laser produced plasma experiments show the successful enhancement of the population of the Mo VII 4p{sup 5}6s upper lasing level when pumped by an adjacent Mo VII plasma. No enhancement was seen in a control experiment where the Mo VII plasma was pumped by a Zr X plasma. Improvements of the intensity of the Mo XII pump source, achieved using an additional pump laser, lead to the generation of a population inversion for the VUV transition.

  13. Numerical modeling of carbon dioxide sequestration on the rate of pressure solution creep in limestone: Preliminary results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renard, Francois; Hellmann, Roland; Collombet, Marielle; Guen, Yvi Le

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When carbon dioxide (CO2) is injected into an aquifer or a depleted geological reservoir, its dissolution into solution results in acidification of the pore waters. As a consequence, the pore waters become more reactive, which leads to enhanced dissolution-precipitation processes and a modification of the mechanical and hydrological properties of the rock. This effect is especially important for limestones given that the solubility and reactivity of carbonates is strongly dependent on pH and the partial pressure of CO2. The main mechanism that couples dissolution, precipitation and rock matrix deformation is commonly referred to as intergranular pressure solution creep (IPS) or pervasive pressure solution creep (PSC). This process involves dissolution at intergranular grain contacts subject to elevated stress, diffusion of dissolved material in an intergranular fluid, and precipitation in pore spaces subject to lower stress. This leads to an overall and pervasive reduction in porosity due to both grain indent...

  14. EPA's (Environmental Protection Agency's) program for evaluation and demonstration of low-cost retrofit LIMB (Limestone Injection Multistage Burner) technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, R.D.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses program objectives, approaches, current status and results, future activities, and schedules for EPA's program for research and development, field evaluation, and demonstration of Limestone Injection Multistage Burner (LIMB) technology. Primary emphasis is on: (1) the full-scale demonstration being conducted on Ohio Edison's 104-MW wall-fired Edgewater Station Unit 4; (2) evaluation on a 50 million Btu/hr tangentially fired prototype nearing completion; (3) on-going field evaluation on Richmond Power and Light's 61-MW tangentially fired Whitewater Valley Generating Station Unit 2. The new program for demonstration on Virginia Electric Power's 180-MW tangentially fired Yorktown II Plant is also described. The LIMB process is based on injecting dry sorbents into the boiler for direct capture of SO/sub 2/ from the combustion gases. LIMB combines sorbent injection for SO/sub 2/ control with the use of low-NOx burners, in which staged combustion is utilized for NOx control.

  15. Honeywell Modular Automation System Computer Software Documentation for the Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STUBBS, A.M.

    2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Computer Software Document (CSWD) is to provide configuration control of the Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) in use at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) for the Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process in Rm 230C/234-5Z. The magnesium hydroxide process control software Rev 0 is being updated to include control programming for a second hot plate. The process control programming was performed by the system administrator. Software testing for the additional hot plate was performed per PFP Job Control Work Package 2Z-00-1703. The software testing was verified by Quality Control to comply with OSD-Z-184-00044, Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process.

  16. Effects of dietary potassium and sodium on magnesium and potassium balance in lambs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poe, Julie Hamilton

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of magnesium oxide and trace mineralized salt with either molasses, cottonseed meal, dry sugarcane or steamed bone meal was consumed by lactating beef cows at a significantly (P), 05) higher level than magnesium oxide and trace mineralized salt (1:1) alone...EFFECTS OF DIETARY POTASSIUM AND SODIUM ON MAGNESIUM AND POTASSIUM BALANCE IN LAMBS A Thesis by JULIE HAMILTON POE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  17. A novel three dimensional semimetallic MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Zhen-Kun [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Departments of Physics and Electronics, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008 (China); Zhang, Hui; Liu, Li-Min, E-mail: limin.liu@csrc.ac.cn [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Liu, Hao [Chengdu Green Energy and Green Manufacturing Technology R and D Center, Chengdu, Sichuan 610207 (China); Lau, Woon-Ming [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Chengdu Green Energy and Green Manufacturing Technology R and D Center, Chengdu, Sichuan 610207 (China)

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have many potential applications, while the performances of TMDs are generally limited by the less surface active sites and the poor electron transport efficiency. Here, a novel three-dimensional (3D) structure of molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) with larger surface area was proposed based on first-principle calculations. 3D layered MoS{sub 2} structure contains the basal surface and joint zone between the different nanoribbons, which is thermodynamically stable at room temperature, as confirmed by first principles molecular dynamics calculations. Compared the two-dimensional layered structures, the 3D MoS{sub 2} not only owns the large surface areas but also can effectively avoid the aggregation. Interestingly, although the basal surface remains the property of the intrinsic semiconductor as the bulk MoS{sub 2}, the joint zone of 3D MoS{sub 2} exhibits semimetallic, which is derived from degenerate 3d orbitals of the Mo atoms. The high stability, large surface area, and high conductivity make 3D MoS{sub 2} have great potentials as high performance catalyst.

  18. Pilot-scale limestone emission control (LEC) process: A development project. Volume 1: Main report and appendices A, B, C, and D. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ETS, Inc., a pollution consulting firm with headquarters in Roanoke, Virginia, has developed a dry, limestone-based flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system. This SO{sub 2} removal system, called Limestone Emission Control (LEC), can be designed for installation on either new or existing coal-fired boilers. In the LEC process, the SO{sub 2} in the flue gas reacts with wetted granular limestone that is contained in a moving bed. A surface layer of principally calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) is formed on the limestone. Periodic removal of this surface layer by mechanical agitation allows high utilization of the limestone granules. The primary goal of the current study is the demonstration of the techno/economic capability of the LEC system as a post-combustion FGD process capable of use in both existing and future coal-fired boiler facilities burning high-sulfur coal. A nominal 5,000 acfm LEC pilot plant has been designed, fabricated and installed on the slipstream of a 70,000 pph stoker boiler providing steam to Ohio University`s Athens, Ohio campus. The pilot plant was normally operated on the slipstream of the Ohio Univ. boiler plant flue gas, but also had the capability of operating at higher inlet SO{sub 2} concentrations (typically equivalent to 3-1/2% sulfur coal) than those normally available from the flue gas slipstream. This was accomplished by injecting SO{sub 2} gas into the slipstream inlet. The pilot plant was instrumented to provide around-the-clock operation and was fully outfitted with temperature, SO{sub 2}, gas flow and pressure drop monitors.

  19. The magnesium nutrition of cotton as influenced by sodium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenabadu, Mervyn Wellesly

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -oa:, cld c:t. r. p alit ir a. clans as inrluenced ty siagnesium ard s jiL I . -'?'g"rs f:ct:o" pi ants at weekls lr ti rvdls as it' flL1 reed oy Htdg;1. S1L'm dl. d s 'dium R eld ls. ? chlcr opr yl contet t 1;. inrlu?. . ced ty magnesium ard sc... 1 . au=? as ol m R La=. te carctencio cnt?nt c:r ir. flu reed by maga siu?m arid sc edt. S o LU'm 615 . be distr ibu" c rr c f day - Ld ccttcr pl Cd 10rs li. l;':LSS? Ci 30 at' s distr ibu7 ic. . cf 6G-day olo cct cn radgr. esrum ar. d...

  20. Diffusion Barrier Selection from Refractory Metals (Zr, Mo and Nb) via Interdiffusion Investigation for U-Mo RERTR Fuel Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Huang; C. Kammerer; D. D. Keiser, Jr.; Y. H. Sohn

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U-Mo alloys are being developed as low enrichment monolithic fuel under the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program. Diffusional interactions between the U-Mo fuel alloy and Al-alloy cladding within the monolithic fuel plate construct necessitate incorporation of a barrier layer. Fundamentally, a diffusion barrier candidate must have good thermal conductivity, high melting point, minimal metallurgical interaction, and good irradiation performance. Refractory metals, Zr, Mo, and Nb are considered based on their physical properties, and the diffusion behavior must be carefully examined first with U-Mo fuel alloy. Solid-to-solid U-10wt.%Mo vs. Mo, Zr, or Nb diffusion couples were assembled and annealed at 600, 700, 800, 900 and 1000 degrees C for various times. The interdiffusion microstructures and chemical composition were examined via scanning electron microscopy and electron probe microanalysis, respectively. For all three systems, the growth rate of interdiffusion zone were calculated at 1000, 900 and 800 degrees C under the assumption of parabolic growth, and calculated for lower temperature of 700, 600 and 500 degrees C according to Arrhenius relationship. The growth rate was determined to be about 10 3 times slower for Zr, 10 5 times slower for Mo and 10 6 times slower for Nb, than the growth rates reported for the interaction between the U-Mo fuel alloy and pure Al or Al-Si cladding alloys. Zr, however was selected as the barrier metal due to a concern for thermo- mechanical behavior of UMo/Nb interface observed from diffusion couples, and for ductile-to-brittle transition of Mo near room temperature.

  1. Effect of Mo Dispersion Size and Water Vapor on Oxidation of Two-Phase Directionally Solidified NiAl-9Mo In-Situ Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brady, Michael P [ORNL] [ORNL; Bei, Hongbin [ORNL] [ORNL; Meisner, Roberta Ann [ORNL] [ORNL; Lance, Michael J [ORNL] [ORNL; Tortorelli, Peter F [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxidation of two-phase NiAl-9Mo eutectics with 3 different growth rates/2nd phase Mo dispersion sizes were investigated at 900 C in air and air with 10% water vapor. Good oxidation resistance via alumina formation was observed in dry air, with Mo volatilization loss minimized by fine submicron Mo dispersions. However, extensive Mo volatilization and in-place internal oxidation of prior Mo phase regions was observed in wet air oxidation. Ramifications of this phenomenon for the development of multi-phase high-temperature alloys are discussed

  2. Effect of Texture on Formability and Mechanical Anisotropy of a Severe Plastically Deformed Magnesium Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modarres Razavi, Sonia

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium and its alloys have been considered as alternatives to aluminum alloys and steels for structural applications in automotive and aerospace applications due to their superior specific strength and light-weight. However, they have hexagonal...

  3. High-strain-rate nanoindentation behavior of fine-grained magnesium alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somekawa, Hidetoshi

    The effects of temperature and alloying elements on deformation in the high-strain-rate regime were investigated by testing fine-grained magnesium alloys with an average grain size of 2 ? 3 ?m by a nanoindentation technique. ...

  4. Magnesium Silicate Dissolution Investigated by 29Si MAS, 1H-29Si...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Silicate Dissolution Investigated by 29Si MAS, 1H-29Si CP MAS, 25Mg QCPMG, and 1H-25Mg CP QCPMG NMR. Magnesium Silicate Dissolution Investigated by 29Si MAS, 1H-29Si CP MAS, 25Mg...

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office: Long-Term Lightweight Materials Research (Magnesium and Carbon Fiber)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office supports research into magnesium and carbon fiber reinforced composites, which could reduce the weight of some components by 50-75 percent in the long-term.

  6. az91d magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Studies on the inuence of chloride ion and pH on the corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy Engineering Websites Summary:...

  7. az91d magnesium alloys: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Studies on the inuence of chloride ion and pH on the corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy Engineering Websites Summary:...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Magnesium-Intensive Front End Sub-Structure Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by USAMP at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about magnesium-intensive front end sub...

  9. Effect of Texture on Formability and Mechanical Anisotropy of a Severe Plastically Deformed Magnesium Alloy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modarres Razavi, Sonia

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium and its alloys have been considered as alternatives to aluminum alloys and steels for structural applications in automotive and aerospace applications due to their superior specific strength and light-weight. However, they have hexagonal...

  10. Magnesium and pyridoxine intake and mineral content of selected tissues and physical development in rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgar, Susan Elaine

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MAGNESIUM AND PYRIDOXINE INTAKE MINERAL CONTENT OF SELECTED TISSUES PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT IN RATS A Thesis by SU S AN ELA I NE EDGAR Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8rM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986 Major Subject: Nutrition MAGNESIUM AND PYRIDOXINE INTAKE MINERAL CONTENT OF SELECTED TISSUES PHYS ICAL DEVELOPMENT IN RATS A Thesis by SUSAN ELAINE EDGAR Approved as to style and content by: 'KAREN...

  11. The oxidative dimerization of methane over promoted and unpromoted magnesium oxide monoliths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aigler, Jane Marie

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Chemistry THE OXIDATIVE DIMERIZATION OF METHANE OVER PROMOTED AND UNPROMOTED MAGNESIUM OxiDE MONOLITHS A Thesis by JANE MARIE AIGLER Approved as to style and content by: uns or (Chair of Commi... ee) os e (Member) nt ony (Member) a (Head of Department) May 1989 ABSTRACT The Oxidative Dimerization of Methane over Promoted and Unpromoted Magnesium Oxide Monoliths. (May 1989) Jane Marie Aigier, B. S. , Pennsylvania State University...

  12. A study of the role of calcium and magnesium in casein micellar structure in human milk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallaway, Sheila Ann

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Karen . Kubena (Member) Wa ne L. R&cko11 (Member) G. C. Smith (Head of Department) December 1988 ABSTRACT A Study of the Role of Calcium and Magnesium in Casein Micellar Structure in Human Milk. (December 1988) Sheila Ann Gallaway, B, S.... , Texas ASM University; M. S. , Texas ASM University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. C. W. Dill The effects of EDTA, phosphatase hydrolysis, calcium chloride, and magnesium chloride on human casein micelles were observed using electron microscopy...

  13. Magnesium deficiency and type of protein during gestation and lactation in rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Kathryn Ellen Hughes

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND TYPE OF PROTEIN DURING GESTATION AND LACTATION IN RATS A Thesis by KATHRYN ELLEN HUGHES HOLMES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1988 Major Subject: Nutrition MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND TYPE OF PROTEIN DURING GESTATION AND LACTATION IN RATS A Thesis by KATHRYN ELLEN HUGHES HOLMES Approved as to style and content by: Karen S. Kubena (Chair...

  14. An examination of the relationship between calcium and magnesium and hypertension 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georghiades, Mary Elizabeth

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXAMINATION QF Tl-IE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CALCILIM AND MAGNESIUM AND HYPERTENSION A Thesis by MARY ELIZABETH GEORGHIADES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial Fulfillment of the requirements For the degree... of MASTER QF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject. : Nutrition AN EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AND HYPERTENSION A Thesis by MARY ELIZABETH GEORGH I ADES Approved as to style and content by: Karen S. Kubena (Chair...

  15. The tolerance of two varieties of cotton to relatively high levels of sodium and magnesium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parekh, Manhar C

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE TO'ERANCE OF TNO VARIETIES OF COTTON TO RELATIVELY HIGH LEVELS OF SODIUM AND MAGNESIUM A Tnesis by Msnhar C. Parekh Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...) (Nember) (Nemb ) August 1969 ABSTRACT The Tolerance of Two Varieties of Cotton to Relatively High Levels of Sodium and Magnesium. (August 1969) Masher C. Parekh, B. S. , Gujarat University, Directed by: Dr. H. E. Joham An experiment was conducted...

  16. Mechanical Flow Response and Anisotropy of Ultra-Fine Grained Magnesium and Zinc Alloys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Maharbi, Majid H.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    MECHANICAL FLOW RESPONSE AND ANISOTROPY IN ULTRA-FINE GRAINED MAGNESIUM AND ZINC ALLOYS A Dissertation by MAJID AL MAHARBI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Materials Science and Engineering MECHANICAL FLOW RESPONSE AND ANISOTROPY IN ULTRA-FINE GRAINED MAGNESIUM AND ZINC ALLOYS A Dissertation by MAJID AL...

  17. Determination of the concentrations of magnesium and aluminum in alloys by laser produced atomic emission spectroscopy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashe, William Monroe

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF THE CONCENTRATIONS OF MAGNESIUM AND ALUiiINUM IN ALLOYS BY LASER PRODUCED ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY A Thesis by WILLIAM MONROE ASHE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the reqmrements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Physics DETERMINATION OF THE CONCENTRATIONS OF MAGNESIUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS BY LASER PRODUCED ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY A Thesis by WILLIAM MONROE ASHE...

  18. Blood pressure and red blood cell magnesium, potassium, and calcium responses to dietary fats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrman, Noreen Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Nutrition BLOOD PRESSURE AND RED BLOOD CELL MAGNESIUM, POTASSIUM, AND CALCIUM RESPONSES TO DIETARY FATS A Thesis by NOREEN ELAINE WEHRMAN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial.... Edwards (Head of Department) August 1993 Major Subject: Nutrition ABSTRACT Blood Pressure and Red Blood Cell Magnesium, Potassium, and Calcium Responses to Dietary Fats, (August 1993) Noreen Elaine Wehrman, B. S. , Pennsylvania State University...

  19. Novel Nonflammable Electrolytes for Secondary Magnesium Batteries and High Voltage Electrolytes for Electrochemcial Supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Brian Dixon

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium has been used successfully in primary batteries, but its use in rechargeable cells has been stymied by the lack of suitable non-aqueous electrolyte that can conduct Mg+2 species, combined with poor stripping and plating properties. The development of a suitable cathode material for rechargeable magnesium batteries has also been a roadblock, but a nonflammable electrolyte is key. Likewise, the development of safe high voltage electrochemical supercapaitors has been stymied by the use of flammable solvents in the liquid electrolyte; to wit, acetonitrile. The purpose of the research conducted in this effort was to identify useful compositions of magnesium salts and polyphosphate solvents that would enable magnesium ions to be cycled within a secondary battery design. The polyphosphate solvents would provide the solvent for the magnesium salts while preventing the electrolyte from being flammable. This would enable these novel electrolytes to be considered as an alternative to THF-based electrolytes. In addition, we explored several of these solvents together with lithium slats for use as high voltage electrolytes for carbon-based electrochemical supercapacitors. The research was successful in that: 1) Magnesium imide dissolved in a phosphate ester solvent that contains a halogented phosphate ester appears to be the preferred electrolyte for a rechargeable Mg cell. 2) A combination of B-doped CNTs and vanadium phosphate appear to be the cathode of choice for a rechargeable Mg cell by virtue of higher voltage and better reversibility. 3) Magnesium alloys appear to perform better than pure magnesium when used in combination with the novel polyphosphate electrolytes. Also, this effort has established that Phoenix Innovationâ??s family of phosphonate/phosphate electrolytes together with specific lithium slats can be used in supercapacitor systems at voltages of greater than 10V.

  20. Fracture and fatigue resistance of MoSiB alloys for ultrahigh-temperature structural applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    Fracture and fatigue resistance of Mo­Si­B alloys for ultrahigh-temperature structural applications­Mo3Si­Mo5SiB2 alloys, which utilize a continuous a-Mo matrix to achieve unprecedented room. Introduction For applications such as aerospace engines and power generation, future advancements are limited

  1. Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohols over (MO3)3 (MMo, W) Nanoclusters . Abstract: The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic...

  2. Co-Mo Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Co-Mo Electric Cooperative provides rebates to residential and commercial members who install air source, dual fuel, and/or geothermal heat pumps, and certain energy efficient appliances. The...

  3. 9 Cr-- 1 Mo steel material for high temperature application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jablonski, Paul D; Alman, David; Dogan, Omer; Holcomb, Gordon; Cowen, Christopher

    2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    One or more embodiments relates to a high-temperature, titanium alloyed, 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibiting improved creep strength and oxidation resistance at service temperatures up to 650.degree. C. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel has a tempered martensite microstructure and is comprised of both large (0.5-3 .mu.m) primary titanium carbides and small (5-50 nm) secondary titanium carbides in a ratio of. from about 1:1.5 to about 1.5:1. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel may be fabricated using exemplary austenizing, rapid cooling, and tempering steps without subsequent hot working requirements. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibits improvements in total mass gain, yield strength, and time-to-rupture over ASTM P91 and ASTM P92 at the temperature and time conditions examined.

  4. Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

    2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

  5. Teaching Organic Farming and Gardening: Resources for Instructors, 3rd Edition. Part 1 - Skills and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    include: i. CaCO 3 – calcium carbonate – calcitic limestone:CO 3 ) 2 – calcium/magnesium carbonate – dolomitic lime:

  6. Ethanol Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) Clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Zhenjun; Fang, Zongtang; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

    2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxides of molybdenum and tungsten are an important class of catalytic materials with applications ranging from isomerization of alkanes and alkenes, partial oxidation of alcohols, selective reduction of nitric oxide and metathesis of alkeness.[1-10] While many studies have focused on the structure - function relationships, the nature of high catalytic activity is still being extensively investigated. There is a general agreement that the activity of supported MOx (M = W, Mo) catalysts is correlated with the presence of acidic sites, where the catalytic activity is strongly affected by the type of oxide support, delocalization of electron density, structures of tungsten oxide domains and presence of protons

  7. The effect of sulfur, magnesium, and various rates of potassium on forage production in some sandy soils of East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landua, Dennis Paul

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in most of these soils. In a field experiment on Lakeland sand, ryegrass responded to applications of sulfur, but not to potassium or maqnesium, Soil profile analyses indicate that appli- cations of potassium caused magnesium to be displaced downward... the exchangeable potassium and magnesium in a Lakeland fine sand 4 Distribution of potassium, magnesium, and sulfate in a Lakeland fine sand. 48 Effect of fertilizer treatments on total yield of Coastal bermudagrass grown in the field in 1968. . 51 10 Effect...

  8. MoSe2 thin films synthesized by solid state reactions between Mo and Se J. Pouzet (1) and J. C. Bernede (2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    807 MoSe2 thin films synthesized by solid state reactions between Mo and Se thin films J. Pouzet (1 reaction, induced by annealing, between the Mo and Se constituents in thin films form. The films have been thin films annealed under selenium pressure at only 770 K are well crystallized. The electrical

  9. The use of wet limestone systems for combined removal of SO sub 2 and NO sub x from flue gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, G.C. (Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (USA)); Shen, D.X.; Littlejohn, D.; Chang, S.G. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new approach by utilizing yellow phosphorus in conventional wet limestone systems for high efficiency control of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions from power plants has been developed. The addition of yellow phosphorus in the system induces the production of O{sub 3} which subsequently oxidizes NO to NO{sub 2}. The resulting NO{sub 2} dissolves readily and can be reduced to form ammonium ions by dissolved SO{sub 2} under appropriate conditions. Yellow phosphorus is oxidized to yield P{sub 2}O{sub 5} which picks up water to form H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} mists and can be collected as a valuable product. Proof of concept experiments have been performed using a 20 acfm bench-scale system. The results show that better than 90% of SO{sub 2} and NO in simulated flue gas can be removed. Stoichiometric ratios (P/NO) ranging between 0.6 and 1.5 were obtained. This ratio depends on operating conditions as well as the process configuration. A conceptual process flow diagram has been proposed. A preliminary cost evaluation of this approach appears to indicate great economic potential. 22 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  10. A study of the effects of limestone rock asphalt screenings on the structural properties of hot-mix asphaltic concrete made with siliceous materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albritton, Oscar Willard

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiSRagy pptt8pp py IEXAa A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF LIMESTONE ROCK ASPHALT SCREENINGS ON THE STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF HOT-MIX ASPHALTIC CONCRETE MADE WITH SILICEOUS MATERIALS A Thesis By OSCAR WILLARD. AQBRITTON Submitted to the Graduate... ON THE STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF HOT-MIX ASPHALTIC CONCRETE MADE WITH SILICEOUS MATERIALS A Thesis By OSCAR WILLARD ALBRITTON Approved as to Style and Content by: Chairman of Committee ead of Departme t August 1958 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Acknowledgment is due...

  11. Stabilization of kerogen thermal maturation: Evidence from geothermometry and burial history reconstruction, Niobrara Limestone, Berthoud oil field, western Denver Basin, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, C.E.; Crysdale, B.L. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burial history of this fractured Niobrara Limestone reservoir and source rock offers a setting for studying the stabilization of thermal maturity because soon after peak temperature of approximately 100{degree}C was reached, exhumation lowered temperature to about 60-70{degree}C. Vitrinite reflectance (Rm = 0.6-0.7%) and published clay mineralogy data from the Niobrara Limestone indicate that peak paleotemperature was approximately 100{degree}C. Fluid inclusion data also indicate oil migration occurred at 100{degree}C. Burial history reconstruction indicates 100{degree}C was reached in the Niobrara Limestone only during minimum burial, which occurred at 70 Ma and 8000 ft depth. However, erosion beginning at 70 Ma and continuing until 50 Ma removed over 3,000 ft of rock. This depth of erosion agrees with an Rm of 0.4% measured in surface samples of the Pierre Shale. The exhumation of the reservoir decreased temperature by about 30{degree}C to near the corrected bottom-hole temperature of 50-70{degree}C. Lopatin time-temperature index (TTI) analysis suggests the Niobrara Limestone as a source rock matured to the oil generation stage (TTI = 10) about 25 Ma, significantly later than maximum burial, and after exhumation caused cooling. The Lopatin TTI method in this case seems to overestimate the influence of heating time. If time is an important factor, thermal maturity should continue to increase after peak burial and temperature so that vitrinite reflectance will not be comparable to peak paleotemperatures estimated from geothermometers set at near-peak temperature and those estimated from burial history reconstruction. The agreement between geothermometry and the burial history reconstruction in Berthoud State 4 suggests that the influence of heating time must be small. The elapsed time available at near peak temperatures was sufficient to allow stabilization of thermal maturation in this case.

  12. Coated U(Mo) Fuel: As-Fabricated Microstructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emmanuel Perez; Dennis D. Keiser, Jr.; Ann Leenaers; Sven Van den Berghe; Tom Wiencek

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the development of low-enriched uranium fuels, fuel plates have recently been tested in the BR-2 reactor as part of the SELENIUM experiment. These fuel plates contained fuel particles with either Si or ZrN thin film coating (up to 1 µm thickness) around the U-7Mo fuel particles. In order to best understand irradiation performance, it is important to determine the starting microstructure that can be observed in as-fabricated fuel plates. To this end, detailed microstructural characterization was performed on ZrN and Si-coated U-7Mo powder in samples taken from AA6061-clad fuel plates fabricated at 500°C. Of interest was the condition of the thin film coatings after fabrication at a relatively high temperature. Both scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were employed. The ZrN thin film coating was observed to consist of columns comprised of very fine ZrN grains. Relatively large amounts of porosity could be found in some areas of the thin film, along with an enrichment of oxygen around each of the the ZrN columns. In the case of the pure Si thin film coating sample, a (U,Mo,Al,Si) interaction layer was observed around the U-7Mo particles. Apparently, the Si reacted with the U-7Mo and Al matrix during fuel plate fabrication at 500°C to form this layer. The microstructure of the formed layer is very similar to those that form in U-7Mo versus Al-Si alloy diffusion couples annealed at higher temperatures and as-fabricated U-7Mo dispersion fuel plates with Al-Si alloy matrix fabricated at 500°C.

  13. Ab Initio Thermodynamic Model for Magnesium Carbonates and Hydrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaka, Anne M.; Felmy, Andrew R.

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An ab initio thermodynamic framework for predicting properties of hydrated magnesium carbonate minerals has been developed using density-functional theory linked to macroscopic thermodynamics through the experimental chemical potentials for MgO, water, and CO2. Including semiempirical dispersion via the Grimme method and small corrections to the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew, Burke, and Ernzerhof for the heat of formation yields a model with quantitative agreement for the benchmark minerals brucite, magnesite, nesquehonite, and hydromagnesite. The model shows how small differences in experimental conditions determine whether nesquehonite, hydromagnesite, or magnesite is the result of laboratory synthesis from carbonation of brucite, and what transformations are expected to occur on geological time scales. Because of the reliance on parameter-free first principles methods, the model is reliably extensible to experimental conditions not readily accessible to experiment and to any mineral composition for which the structure is known or can be hypothesized, including structures containing defects, substitutions, or transitional structures during solid state transformations induced by temperature changes or processes such as water, CO2, or O2 diffusion. Demonstrated applications of the ab initio thermodynamic framework include an independent means to evaluate differences in thermodynamic data for lansfordite, predicting the properties of Mg analogs of Ca-based hydrated carbonates monohydrocalcite and ikaite which have not been observed in nature, and an estimation of the thermodynamics of barringtonite from the stoichiometry and a single experimental observation.

  14. Color measurements on marble and limestone briquettes exposed to outdoor environment in the Eastern United States. Volume I: Results of exposure 1984-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimann, K.J.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a long-term program that began in 1984, limestone and marble briquettes have been exposed to both anthropogenic acid deposition and natural weathering at four field sites in the eastern United States. Similar tests began at an Ohio site in 1986. Effects of exposure on the briquettes and other materials at the sites are evaluated periodically by several federal agencies cooperating in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). One of the primary contributions of Argonne National Laboratory to the NAPAP has been the measurement of tristimulus color change on samples exposed to the environment. Results from the first six years indicate a yellowing of the marble and a darkening of limestone on both the skyward and groundward surfaces of fresh and preexposed briquettes. The relationship between discoloration and exposure period appears to be linear. Discoloration rates as a function of a cumulative exposure time are almost constant for marble and slightly decreasing for limestone Dark spots on groundward surfaces were measured with tristimulus color equipment prior to chemical analysis to determine if a correlation exists between darkening (change in reflectance) and SO{sub 4} concentration. Taking exposure time into consideration, and assuming that the airborne concentration of dark particles, which cause darkening, is proportional to airborne SO{sub 2} concentration, one can establish a linear relationship between exposure time, darkening, and SO{sub 2} concentration. The program is continuing so that additional data can be obtained.

  15. The viability of aluminum Zintl anion moieties within magnesium-aluminum clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Haopeng; Jae Ko, Yeon; Zhang, Xinxing; Gantefoer, Gerd; Bowen, Kit H., E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Schnoeckel, Hansgeorg [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Eichhorn, Bryan W. [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Jena, Puru [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Kiran, Boggavarapu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States); Kandalam, Anil K., E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Physics, West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania 19383 (United States)

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Through a synergetic combination of anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory based calculations, we have investigated the extent to which the aluminum moieties within selected magnesium-aluminum clusters are Zintl anions. Magnesium-aluminum cluster anions were generated in a pulsed arc discharge source. After mass selection, photoelectron spectra of Mg{sub m}Al{sub n}{sup ?} (m, n = 1,6; 2,5; 2,12; and 3,11) were measured by a magnetic bottle, electron energy analyzer. Calculations on these four stoichiometries provided geometric structures and full charge analyses for the cluster anions and their neutral cluster counterparts, as well as photodetachment transition energies (stick spectra). Calculations revealed that, unlike the cases of recently reported sodium-aluminum clusters, the formation of aluminum Zintl anion moieties within magnesium-aluminum clusters was limited in most cases by weak charge transfer between the magnesium atoms and their aluminum cluster moieties. Only in cases of high magnesium content, e.g., in Mg{sub 3}Al{sub 11} and Mg{sub 2}Al{sub 12}{sup ?}, did the aluminum moieties exhibit Zintl anion-like characteristics.

  16. Influence of recycled fine aggregates on the resistance of mortars to magnesium sulfate attack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Seung-Tae [Department of Civil Engineering, Kunsan National University, 68 Miryong-dong, Kunsan, Jeonbuk 573-701 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: stlee@kunsan.ac.kr

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of recycled fine aggregates, which had been reclaimed from field-demolished concretes, on the resistance of mortar specimens to magnesium sulfate attack was investigated. Mortar specimens were prepared with recycled fine aggregates at different replacement levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of natural fine aggregate by mass). The mortar specimens were exposed to 4.24% magnesium sulfate solution for about 1 year at ambient temperature, and regularly monitored for visual appearance, compressive strength loss and expansion. Additionally, in order to identify products of magnesium sulfate attack, mortar samples incorporating 0%, 25% and 100% replacement levels of the recycled fine aggregates were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Experimental results confirmed that the use of recycled fine aggregates up to a maximum 50% replacement level is effective under severe magnesium sulfate environment, irrespective of type of recycled fine aggregates. However, the worse performance was observed in mortar specimens incorporating 100% replacement level. It was found that the water absorption of recycled fine aggregates affected deterioration of mortar specimens, especially at a higher replacement level. XRD results indicated that the main cause of deterioration of the mortar specimens was primarily due to the formation of gypsum and thaumasite by magnesium sulfate attack. In addition, it appeared that the conversion of C-S-H into M-S-H by the attack probably influenced mechanical deterioration of mortar specimens with recycled fine aggregates.

  17. Analysis of the flow imbalance on the profile shape during the extrusion of thin magnesium sheets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gall, Sven [Forschungszentrum Strangpressen, Technische Universität Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany, and Metallische Werkstoffe, Technische Universität Berlin, Ernst-Reuter-Platz 1, Berlin, 10587 (Germany); Müller, Sören [Forschungszentrum Strangpressen, Technische Universität Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355 (Germany); Reimers, Walter [Metallische Werkstoffe, Technische Universität Berlin, Ernst-Reuter-Platz 1, Berlin, 10587 (Germany)

    2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The extrusion process facilitates the production of magnesium sheets featuring a very thin thickness as well as excellent surface properties by using a single process step only. However, the extrusion of the magnesium sheets applying not optimized process parameters, e.g. low billet temperature or/ and poorly deformable magnesium alloy, produce pronounced buckling and waving of the extruded sheets as well as a variation of accuracy in profile shape along the cross section. The present investigation focuses on the FEM-simulation of the extrusion of magnesium sheets in order to clarify the origin of the mentioned effects. The simulations identify the flow imbalance during extrusion as the main critical factor. Due to the flow imbalance after passing the die a large compression stress zone is formed causing the buckling and waving of the thin sheets. Furthermore, the simulations of the magnesium sheet extrusion reveal that the interaction of the material flow gradients along the width and along the thickness direction near the die orifice lead to the variation of the accuracy in profile shape.

  18. Multiphonon resonant Raman scattering in MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Go?asa, K., E-mail: Katarzyna.Golasa@fuw.edu.pl; Grzeszczyk, M.; Wysmo?ek, A.; Babi?ski, A. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warszawa (Poland); Leszczy?ski, P.; Faugeras, C.; Nicolet, A. A. L.; Potemski, M. [Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Intenses, CNRS-UJF-UPS-INSA, 25, avenue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble (France)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical emission spectrum of a resonantly (??=?632.8?nm) excited molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) is studied at liquid helium temperature. More than 20 peaks in the energy range spanning up to 1400?cm{sup ?1} from the laser line, which are related to multiphonon resonant Raman scattering processes, are observed. The attribution of the observed lines involving basic lattice vibrational modes of MoS{sub 2} and both the longitudinal (LA(M)) and the transverse (TA(M) and/or ZA(M)) acoustic phonons from the vicinity of the high-symmetry M point of the MoS{sub 2} Brillouin zone is proposed.

  19. Identification of phases in the interaction layer between U-Mo-Zr/Al and U-Mo-Zr/Al-Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varela, C.L. Komar; Arico, S.F.; Mirandou, M.; Balart, S.N. [Departamento Materiales, GIDAT, GAEN, CNEA, Avda. Gral Paz 1499, B1650KNA, San Martin (Argentina); Gribaudo, L.M. [Departamento Materiales, GIDAT, GAEN, CNEA, Avda. Gral Paz 1499, B1650KNA, San Martin (Argentina); CONICET, Avda. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Out-of-pile diffusion experiments were performed between U-7wt.% Mo-1wt.% Zr and Al or Al A356 (7,1wt.% Si) at 550 deg. C. In this work morphological characterization and phase identification on both interaction layer are presented. They were carried out by the use of different techniques: optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction and WDS microanalysis. In the interaction layer U-7wt.% Mo-1wt.% Zr/Al, the phases UAl{sub 3}, UAl{sub 4}, Al{sub 20}Mo{sub 2}U and Al{sub 43}Mo{sub 4}U{sub 6} were identified. In the interaction layer U-7wt.% Mo-1wt.% Zr/Al A356, the phases U(Al, Si) with 25at.% Si and Si{sub 5}U{sub 3} were identified. This last phase, with a higher Si concentration, was identified with XRD Synchrotron radiation performed at the National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), Campinas, Brasil. (author)

  20. Hydrotreatment of Athabasca bitumen derived gas oil over Ni-Mo, Ni-W, and Co-Mo catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz-Real, R.A.; Mann, R.S.; Sambi, I.S. (Univ. of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrotreatment of Athabasca bitumen derived heavy gas oil containing 4.08% S and 0.49% N was carried out in a trickle bed reactor over Ni-W, Ni-Mo, and Co-Mo catalysts supported on zeolite-alumina-silica at 623-698 K, LHSV of 1-4, gas flow rate 890 m[sup 3][sub H2]/m[sup 3][sub oil] (5,000 sef/bbl), and pressure of 6.89 MPa. Analyses for viscosity, density, aniline point, ASTM mid boiling point distillation, C/H ratio, and percentage of N and S in the final product were carried out to characterize the product oil. The amounts of N and S removed indicated the hydrodenitrogenation and hydrodesulfurization activity of the catalysts. Results of zeolite-alumina-silica-supported catalysts are compared to those obtained with commercially available Ni-Mo, Ni-W, and Co-Mo on [gamma]-alumina. Ni-Mo supported on zeolite-alumina-silica was most active and could remove as much as 99 % S and 89% N present in the oil at 698 K. The data for HDN and HDS fitted the pseudo first order model. The kinetic model is described in detail.

  1. MAGNESIUM ISOTOPE RATIOS IN {omega} CENTAURI RED GIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Da Costa, G. S.; Norris, John E.; Yong, David [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used the high-resolution observations obtained at the Anglo-Australian Telescope with Ultra-High Resolution Facility (R {approx} 100,000) and at Gemini-S with b-HROS (R {approx} 150,000) to determine magnesium isotope ratios for seven {omega} Cen red giants that cover a range in iron abundance from [Fe/H] = -1.78 to -0.78 dex, and for two red giants in M4 (NGC 6121). The {omega} Cen stars sample both the ''primordial'' (i.e., O-rich, Na- and Al-poor) and the ''extreme'' (O-depleted, Na- and Al-rich) populations in the cluster. The primordial population stars in both {omega} Cen and M4 show ({sup 25}Mg, {sup 26}Mg)/{sup 24}Mg isotopic ratios that are consistent with those found for the primordial population in other globular clusters with similar [Fe/H] values. The isotopic ratios for the {omega} Cen extreme stars are also consistent with those for extreme population stars in other clusters. The results for the extreme population stars studied indicate that the {sup 26}Mg/{sup 24}Mg ratio is highest at intermediate metallicities ([Fe/H] < -1.4 dex), and for the highest [Al/Fe] values. Further, the relative abundance of {sup 26}Mg in the extreme population stars is notably higher than that of {sup 25}Mg, in contrast to model predictions. The {sup 25}Mg/{sup 24}Mg isotopic ratio in fact does not show any obvious dependence on either [Fe/H] or [Al/Fe] nor, intriguingly, any obvious difference between the primordial and extreme population stars.

  2. Structural studies of magnesium nitride fluorides by powder neutron diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brogan, Michael A. [School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Hughes, Robert W. [WestCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Smith, Ronald I. [ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Gregory, Duncan H., E-mail: Duncan.Gregory@glasgow.ac.uk [WestCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Samples of ternary nitride fluorides, Mg{sub 3}NF{sub 3} and Mg{sub 2}NF have been prepared by solid state reaction of Mg{sub 3}N{sub 2} and MgF{sub 2} at 1323-1423 K and investigated by powder X-ray and powder neutron diffraction techniques. Mg{sub 3}NF{sub 3} is cubic (space group: Pm3m) and has a structure related to rock-salt MgO, but with one cation site vacant. Mg{sub 2}NF is tetragonal (space group: I4{sub 1}/amd) and has an anti-LiFeO{sub 2} related structure. Both compounds are essentially ionic and form structures in which nitride and fluoride anions are crystallographically ordered. The nitride fluorides show temperature independent paramagnetic behaviour between 5 and 300 K. - Graphical abstract: Definitive structures of the ternary magnesium nitride fluorides Mg{sub 3}NF{sub 3} and the lower temperature polymorph of Mg{sub 2}NF have been determined from powder neutron diffraction data. The nitride halides are essentially ionic and exhibit weak temperature independent paramagnetic behaviour. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Definitive structures of Mg{sub 3}NF{sub 3} and Mg{sub 2}NF were determined by neutron diffraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nitride and fluoride anions are crystallographically ordered in both structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both compounds exhibit weak, temperature independent paramagnetic behaviour. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The compounds are essentially ionic with ionicity increasing with F{sup -} content.

  3. Lightning arrestor connector lead magnesium niobate qualification pellet test procedures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuohig, W. (Honeywell FM& T, Kansas City, MO); Mahoney, Patrick A.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew; Wheeler, Jill Susanne

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Enhanced knowledge preservation for DOE DP technical component activities has recently received much attention. As part of this recent knowledge preservation effort, improved documentation of the sample preparation and electrical testing procedures for lead magnesium niobate--lead titanate (PMN/PT) qualification pellets was completed. The qualification pellets are fabricated from the same parent powders used to produce PMN/PT lightning arrestor connector (LAC) granules at HWF&T. In our report, the procedures for fired pellet surface preparation, electrode deposition, electrical testing and data recording are described. The dielectric measurements described in our report are an information only test. Technical reasons for selecting the electrode material, electrode size and geometry are presented. The electrical testing is based on measuring the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of the pellet during cooling from 280 C to 220 C. The most important data are the temperature for which the peak dielectric constant occurs (Curie Point temperature) and the peak dielectric constant magnitude. We determined that the peak dielectric constant for our procedure would be that measured at 1 kHz at the Curie Point. Both the peak dielectric constant and the Curie point parameters provide semi-quantitative information concerning the chemical and microstructural homogeneity of the parent material used for the production of PMN/PT granules for LACs. Finally, we have proposed flag limits for the dielectric data for the pellets. Specifically, if the temperature of the peak dielectric constant falls outside the range of 250 C {+-} 30 C we propose that a flag limit be imposed that will initiate communication between production agency and design agency personnel. If the peak dielectric constant measured falls outside the range 25,000 {+-} 10,000 we also propose that a flag limit be imposed.

  4. Reservoir development in bryozoan bafflestone facies of the Ullin (Warsaw) Limestone (Middle Mississippian) in the Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lasemi, Z.; Treworgy, J.D.; Norby, R.D.; Grube, J.P. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent drilling in Enfield South and Johnsonville fields in southern Illinois has encountered prolific petroleum-producing zones within the Ullin (Warsaw) Limestone. This and large cumulative production from a number of older wells in the Illinois basin indicate that the Ullin has greater reservoir potential than previously recognized. The Ullin reservoir facies is mainly a fenestrate bryozoan-dominated bafflestone developed on the flanks of Waulsortian-type mud mounds or on transported skeletal sand buildups. Subsurface geology and petrography reveal such porous bryozoan bafflestone facies (some with shows of oil) at various horizons within the Ullin. However, in part because of water problems in some areas, only the upper part of the Ullin has been tested thus far and, as a result, significant reservoirs in the deeper part of the unit may have been missed. Preliminary data indicate several facies in the Ullin that vary in their aerial distribution in the basin. These facies include (1) skeletal sand-wave facies and/or bryozoan bafflestone in the upper Ullin, (2) bryozoan bafflestone with a dense Waulsortian mud mound core, (3) thick bryozoan bafflestone over a skeletal grainstone facies, and (4) thick mud mound-dominated facies with thin porous flanking bafflestone/grainstone facies. Areas with facies type 1 and 2 have the highest potential for commercial reservoir development. Facies type 3, although quite porous, is commonly wet, and the porous facies type 4 may be localized and not extensive enough to be commercial. Petrographic examination shows excellent preservation of primary intra- and interparticle porosities within the bryozoan bafflestone facies. The generally stable original mineralogy prevented extensive dissolution-reprecipitation and occlusion of porosity. Further, the stable mineralogy and minor early marine cementation prevented later compaction and burial diagenesis.

  5. Studies on the inuence of chloride ion and pH on the corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    alloys weigh $35% lower than their aluminium counterparts at equal stiness [1]. In addition, these alloys of cast AZ91 magnesium alloy. In AZ91, magnesium and the principal alloying element aluminium, have91D magnesium alloy R. AMBAT, N.N. AUNG and W. ZHOU School of Mechanical and Production Engineering

  6. Structure And Radiation Damage Behavior Of Epitaxial CrxMo1-x...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    And Radiation Damage Behavior Of Epitaxial CrxMo1-x Alloy Thin Films On MgO. Structure And Radiation Damage Behavior Of Epitaxial CrxMo1-x Alloy Thin Films On MgO. Abstract:...

  7. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Abstract: Periodic density...

  8. High Capacity MoO3 Nanoparticle Li-Ion Battery Anode

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy functional were employed.) 10 AccomplishmentStatus Theoretical changes in Li-ion intercalated -MoO 3 Mo Li O * Four Li inserted in a theoretical nanoparticle. * 9 ps...

  9. Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 moves a step closer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 moves a step closer Irradiated uranium fuel has been recycled and reused for molybdenum-99...

  10. Corrosion report for the U-Mo fuel concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henager, Jr., Charles H. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US); Bennett, Wendy D. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US); Doherty, Ann L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US); Fuller, E. S. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US); Hardy, John S. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US); Omberg, Ronald P. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD) program of the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) has implemented a program to develop a Uranium-Molybdenum (U-Mo) metal fuel for Light Water Reactors (LWR)s. Uranium-Molybdenum fuel has the potential to provide superior performance based on its thermo-physical properties, which includes high thermal conductivity for less stored heat energy. With sufficient development, it may be able to provide the Light Water industry with a melt-resistant accident tolerant fuel with improved safety response. However, the corrosion of this fuel in reactor water environments needs to be further explored and optimized by additional alloying. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been tasked with performing ex-reactor corrosion testing to characterize the performance of U-Mo fuel. This report documents the results of the effort to characterize and develop the U-Mo metal fuel concept for LWRs with regard to corrosion testing. The results of a simple screening test in buffered water at 30°C using surface alloyed U-10Mo is documented and discussed. The screening test was used to guide the selection of several potential alloy improvements that were found and are recommended for further testing in autoclaves to simulate PWR water conditions more closely.

  11. MO"BIUS-INVARIANT KNOT ENERGIES R.B. KUSNER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, John M.

    for divergence-free vector fields which arise in modeling incompressible fluid flow.6,7These new knot energies MO"BIUS-INVARIANT KNOT ENERGIES R.B. KUSNER, Urbana, IL, USA 61801-2975 There has been recent interest in knot energies among mathematicians

  12. MO"BIUS-INVARIANT KNOT ENERGIES R.B. KUSNER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for divergence-free vector fields which arise in modeling incompressible fluid flow.? These new knot energies may MO"BIUS-INVARIANT KNOT ENERGIES R.B. KUSNER, Urbana, IL, USA 61801-2975 There has been recent interest in knot energies among mathematicians

  13. Introduction THE YERINGTON DISTRICT, Nevada, contains porphyry Cu(Mo),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Mark D.

    55 Introduction THE YERINGTON DISTRICT, Nevada, contains porphyry Cu(Mo), Cu skarn, Fe oxide with the Jurassic Yerington batholith, which serves as either host rock or as source for heat and ma- terials of the Yerington Porphyry Copper District: Magmatic to Nonmagmatic Sources of Hydrothermal Fluids, Their Flow Paths

  14. Simulation of Stresses during Casting of Binary Magnesium-Aluminum Alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    Simulation of Stresses during Casting of Binary Magnesium-Aluminum Alloys M.G. POKORNY, C.A. MONROE made for aluminum alloys.[6­8] Recently, Mathier and co-workers[9,10] performed a detailed com- parison between measured and predicted forces in the mush during solidification of dilute aluminum alloys

  15. Hot cracking in tungsten inert gas welding of magnesium alloy AZ91D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    Hot cracking in tungsten inert gas welding of magnesium alloy AZ91D W. Zhou*, T. Z. Long and C. K of the plates were produced using tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding method. The TIG arc was also used to deposit welding beads on some of the thin plates. No cracking was found in the butt joints. However, hot cracking

  16. The Effect of Rare Earth Elements, Temperature and Rolling Speed on the Microstructure Evolution of Magnesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    of Magnesium Jie Pan¹, supervised by Mehdi Sanjari¹ and Prof. Stephen Yue¹ ¹Department of Mining and Materials and neodymium additive samples were acquired then subsequently rolled at different temperatures (300°C and 450°C of the precipitate which led to a less pinning effect. ·The neodymium samples have longer grain growth period than

  17. Solid-State Gadolinium-Magnesium Hydride Optical Switch R. Armitage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -state electrochromic device. With positive polarization of the hydride electrode, the visible reflectance approaches 35 and reflecting states. Keywords: gadolinium-magnesium; electrochromic hydride; optical switching device. 2 #12;A conventional electrochromics5 . Optical switching has also been demonstrated by varying the H content

  18. The effect of cooling rate on thermophysical properties of magnesium alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medraj, Mamoun

    been in widespread use in the automotive industry processed mainly by casting. In designing cast automotive compo- nents, it is important to know how these alloys solidify at different cross sections magnesium and aluminum. The samples were cut and mechanically polished to remove any possible contaminated

  19. Magnesium-rich crustal compositions on Mercury: Implications for magmatism from petrologic modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauck II, Steven A.

    Magnesium-rich crustal compositions on Mercury: Implications for magmatism from petrologic modeling December 2012. [1] We have conducted petrologic modeling of MESSENGER-derived compositions and analog-rich crustal compositions on Mercury: Implications for magmatism from petrologic modeling, J. Geophys. Res

  20. The growth and characterization of LiGd?(Mo0?)? single crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reimund, James Allyn

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' C/second 37 Pyroelectric Current vs. Temperature dT/dt = 30' C/second 180' Domains (Gd (MoO ) ) 37 39 INTRODUCTION This thesis discusses the growth and some single crystalline properties of lithium-gadolinium-molybdate of the type LiGd (Mo...O ) 3 45' This compound is one of the three thus far discovered compounds of the lithium ? gadolinium-molybdate (LGMO) system. In general, this system can be expressed as Li2Mo04. XGd2(Mo04)3, where LiGd3(MoO, )5 4 5 single crystals synthesize when X...

  1. NEGLIGIBLE CREEP CONDITIONS FOR MOD 9 CR 1 MO STEEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Riou, Bernard [AREVA Group; Escaravage, Claude [AREVA Group; Swindeman, Robert W [ORNL; Cabrillat, Marie-Th?r?se [CEA Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Allais, Lucien [CEA, Saclay, France

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mod 9 Cr 1 Mo Steel (grade 91) is one of the materials envisaged for the Reactor Pressure Vessel of Very High Temperature Reactors. To avoid the implementation of a surveillance program covering the monitoring of the creep damage throughout the whole life of the reactor, it is recommended to operate the Reactor Pressure Vessel in the negligible creep regime. In this paper, the background of negligible creep criteria available in nuclear Codes is first recalled and their limitations were analyzed. Then, guidance for deriving criteria more appropriate for mod 9 Cr 1 Mo steel is provided. Finally, R&D actions in the U. S. and France to support the new approaches are discussed and recommended.

  2. Dislocations With Edge Components in Nanocrystalline bcc Mo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. M. Cheng; W. Z. Xu; W. W. Jian; H. Yuan; M. H. Tsai; Y. T. Zhu; Y. F. Zhang; Paul C. Millett

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) observation of a high density of dislocations with edge components (approximately 1016 m-2) in nanocrystalline (NC) body-centered cubic (bcc) Mo prepared by high-pressure torsion. We also observed for the first time of the 1/2 <111> and <001> pure edge dislocations in NC Mo. Crystallographic analysis and image simulations reveal that the best way using HRTEM to study dislocations with edge components in bcc systems is to take images along <110> zone axis, from which it is possible to identify 1/2 <111> pure edge dislocations, and edge components of 1/2 <111> and <001> mixed dislocations. The <001> pure edge dislocations can only be identified from <100> zone axis. The high density of dislocations with edge components is believed to play a major role in the reduction of strain rate sensitivity in NC bcc metals and alloys.

  3. Charge and magnetic states of Mn-, Fe-, and Co-doped monolayer MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Xianqing [State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100084 (China); Department of Applied Physics, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023 (China); Ni, Jun, E-mail: junni@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    First-principles calculations have been performed to investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer MoS{sub 2} substitutionally doped with Mn, Fe, and Co in possible charge states (q). We find that the Mn, Fe, and Co dopants substituting for a Mo atom in monolayer MoS{sub 2} (Mn@Mo, Fe@Mo, and Co@Mo) are all magnetic in their neutral and charge states except in the highest positive charge states. Mn@Mo, Fe@Mo, and Co@Mo have the same highest negative charge states of q=?2 for chemical potential of electron just below the conduction band minimum, which corresponds to the electron doping. In the q=?2 state, Mn@Mo has a much larger magnetic moment than its neutral state with the antiferromagnetic coupling between the Mn dopant and its neighboring S atoms maintained, while Fe@Mo and Co@Mo have equal or smaller magnetic moments than their neutral states. The possible charge states of Mn@Mo, Fe@Mo, and Co@Mo and the variation of the magnetic moments for different dopants and charge states are due to the change of the occupation and energy of the anti-bonding defect levels in the band gap. The rich magnetic properties of the neutral and charge states suggest possible realization of the substitutionally Mn-, Fe-, and Co-doped monolayer MoS{sub 2} as dilute magnetic semiconductors.

  4. NO. REV. MO. _ ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    NO. REV. MO. ATM 1050 _ ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results PAGE 1 OF 10 DATE 19 August 1971 The results of the ALSEP/LCRU EMC test are reported in this ATM. C~.·--~ s--·~e'Jn~,__')!).Prepared by:__~~~"f--.;;.~-------- Approved by: ~JM.MD. ithian #12;NO. RIV. NO. ATM 1050 ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results 2 10PAGE OF Aall

  5. Long-term corrosion of Cr-Mo steels in superheated steam at 482 and 538/sup 0/C. [21/4 Cr-1 Mo; 9 Cr-1 Mo; Sumitomo 9 Cr-2 Mo; Sandvik HT-9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griess, J.C.; DeVan, J.H.; Maxwell, W.A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The corrosion of several Cr-Mo ferritic steels was investigated in superheated steam at an operating power plant. Tests were conducted at 482 and 538/sup 0/C (900 and 1000/sup 0/F) in a once-through loop for times up to 28,000 h. Chromium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 11.3%, and the effect of surface preparation on corrosion was investigated. Only one of many specimens showed evidence of exfoliation at 482/sup 0/C, but at 538/sup 0/C exfoliation occurred on at least some of the specimens of most materials; the exceptions were the alloy with the highest chromium content (Sandvik HT-9), one heat of 9 Cr-1 Mo steel with the highest silicon content, and Sumitomo 9 Cr-2 Mo steel, which was in test for only 19,000 h. Parabolic oxidation kinetics adequately described the corrosion process for about the first year, after which corrosion rates were constant and lower than predicted from extrapolation of the initial part of the penetration versus time curves. With chromium concentrations between 2 and 9%, corrosion behavior was independent of chromium content, and corrosion was only slightly less with Sandvik HT-9. Corrosion was nearly independent of surface preparation, but in two cases the presence of mill scale on the surface prior to steam exposure seemed to retard oxidation in steam. 11 figures, 5 tables.

  6. IRRADIATION PERFORMANCE OF U-Mo MONOLITHIC FUEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.K. Meyer; J. Gan; J.-F. Jue; D.D. Keiser; E. Perez; A. Robinson; D.M. Wachs; N. Woolstenhulme; G.L. Hofman; Y.-S. Kim

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-performance research reactors require fuel that operates at high specific power to high fission density, but at relatively low temperatures. Research reactor fuels are designed for efficient heat rejection, and are composed of assemblies of thin-plates clad in aluminum alloy. The development of low-enriched fuels to replace high-enriched fuels for these reactors requires a substantially increased uranium density in the fuel to offset the decrease in enrichment. Very few fuel phases have been identified that have the required combination of very-high uranium density and stable fuel behavior at high burnup. UMo alloys represent the best known tradeoff in these properties. Testing of aluminum matrix U-Mo aluminum matrix dispersion fuel revealed a pattern of breakaway swelling behavior at intermediate burnup, related to the formation of a molybdenum stabilized high aluminum intermetallic phase that forms during irradiation. In the case of monolithic fuel, this issue was addressed by eliminating, as much as possible, the interfacial area between U-Mo and aluminum. Based on scoping irradiation test data, a fuel plate system composed of solid U-10Mo fuel meat, a zirconium diffusion barrier, and Al6061 cladding was selected for development. Developmental testing of this fuel system indicates that it meets core criteria for fuel qualification, including stable and predictable swelling behavior, mechanical integrity to high burnup, and geometric stability. In addition, the fuel exhibits robust behavior during power-cooling mismatch events under irradiation at high power.

  7. The effects of calcitic and dolomitic limestone rates and particle sizes on soil chemical changes, plant nutrient concentration, and yields of corn and Coastal bermudagrass on two acid Texas soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haby, Vincent A

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory study. Particle size. Field study. Source. . 26 . 26 Rate. . 28 Particle size. . . $0 Soil pH change with depth. Influence oi' Limestone on Ca and Ng at Different Soil Depths. . Influence of Limestone on Yields oi' Corn and Coastal... to increase the downward movement of Ca and Mg snd to reduce soil acidity as determined by pH measurements (2, 3, 4, 26, 45, 46, 54, 56). Adams et al. (3) using dolomitic lime- stone, have shown that on a Cecil sandy loam soil, N rates of 0, 400, snd 800...

  8. Single Phase Melt Processed Powellite (Ba,Ca) MoO{sub 4} For The Immobilization Of Mo-Rich Nuclear Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brinkman, Kyle [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Marra, James [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Fox, Kevin [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Reppert, Jason [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Crum, Jarrod [Paci fic Northwest National Laboratory , Richland, WA (United States); Tang, Ming [Los Alamos National Laboratory , Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystalline and glass composite materials are currently being investigated for the immobilization of combined High Level Waste (HLW) streams resulting from potential commercial fuel reprocessing scenarios. Several of these potential waste streams contain elevated levels of transition metal elements such as molybdenum (Mo). Molybdenum has limited solubility in typical silicate glasses used for nuclear waste immobilization. Under certain chemical and controlled cooling conditions, a powellite (Ba,Ca)MoO{sub 4} crystalline structure can be formed by reaction with alkaline earth elements. In this study, single phase BaMoO{sub 4} and CaMoO{sub 4} were formed from carbonate and oxide precursors demonstrating the viability of Mo incorporation into glass, crystalline or glass composite materials by a melt and crystallization process. X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy indicated a long range ordered crystalline structure. In-situ electron irradiation studies indicated that both CaMoO{sub 4} and BaMoO{sub 4} powellite phases exhibit radiation stability up to 1000 years at anticipated doses with a crystalline to amorphous transition observed after 1 X 10{sup 13} Gy. Aqueous durability determined from product consistency tests (PCT) showed low normalized release rates for Ba, Ca, and Mo (<0.05 g/m{sup 2}).

  9. An APFIM and TEM study of Ni{sub 4}Mo precipitation in a commercial Ni-28% Mo-1.4% Fe-0.4% Cr wt. % alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomson, R.C.; Brown, N.; Bates, J.S. [Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. of Polymer Technology and Materials Engineering; Russell, K.F.; Miller, M.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Metals and Ceramics Div.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ni-Mo alloys containing at least 26 wt.% Mo have a negligible corrosion rate in boiling 10% hydrochloric acid and are therefore used in corrosive environments. A series of commercial Ni-Mo alloys has been developed with subtle variations in chemical composition. These alloys usually contain {approximately} 28 wt.% Mo with additions of up to 5% Fe and Cr. A significant amount of research has been performed to understand the microstructure and properties of these alloys, although most of the effort has concentrated on the Ni-Mo binary system. In some alloys with low Fe and Cr contents, a severe embrittlement problem has been observed due to the formation of the Ni{sub 4}Mo (D1{sub a}-ordered) phase within the microstructure. This research focuses on a commercial alloy with nominal composition Ni-28% Mo-1.4% Fe-0.4% Cr-0.1% Mn-0.003 wt.% C. The material supplied was a heat treatment coupon which had been attached to a large vessel during fabrication. Assessment of the chemical analysis of the alloy suggested that detrimental phases could be present or might appear during subsequent repair work. Therefore, it was important to assess the microstructural condition of the vessel, and in particular the kinetics of precipitation of Ni{sub 4}Mo.

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Scale-Up of Magnesium Production by Fully Stabilized Zirconia Electrolysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by INFINIUM, Inc. at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about scale-up of magnesium...

  11. An approach to modeling the cost-strength-weight tradeoff in aluminum and magnesium extrusions for automotive applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komander, Johann Kasper

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In light of volatile fuel prices and tightening emissions regulations, automobile manufacturers have been increasingly considering the use of light-weight magnesium in their efforts to improve fuel economy. While mainly ...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Scale-Up of Magnesium Production by Fully Stabilized Zirconia Electrolysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by INFINIUM, Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about scale-up of magnesium...

  13. Identifying barriers to the availability and use of Magnesium Sulphate Injection in resource poor countries: A case study in Zambia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ridge, Anna L; Bero, Lisa A; Hill, Suzanne R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    barriers to the availability and use of Magnesium Sulphateto identify barriers to the availability and use of MgSO4 infacilitators to the availability and use of MgSO4 identified

  14. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Magnesium Based Coordination Networks in Different Solvents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D Banerjee; J Finkelstein; A Smirnov; P Forster; L Borkowski; S Teat; J Parise

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Three magnesium based metal-organic frameworks, Mg{sub 3}(3,5-PDC){sub 3}(DMF){sub 3} {center_dot} DMF [1], Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O) {center_dot} (H{sub 2}O) [3], and Mg{sub 4}(3,5-PDC){sub 4}(DMF){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} {center_dot} 2DMF {center_dot} 4.5H{sub 2}O [4], and a 2-D coordination polymer, [Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] [2] [PDC = pyridinedicarboxylate], were synthesized using a combination of DMF, methanol, ethanol, and water. Compound 1 [space group P2{sub 1}/n, a = 12.3475(5) {angstrom}, b = 11.1929(5) {angstrom}, c = 28.6734(12) {angstrom}, {beta} = 98.8160(10){sup o}, V = 3916.0(3) {angstrom}{sup 3}] consists of a combination of isolated and corner-sharing magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linkers to form a 3-D network with a 12.2 {angstrom} x 4.6 {angstrom} 1-D channel. The channel contains coordinated and free DMF molecules. In compound 2 [space group C2/c, a = 9.964(5) {angstrom}, b = 12.0694(6) {angstrom}, c = 7.2763(4) {angstrom}, {beta} = 106.4970(6){sup o}, V = 836.70(6) {angstrom}{sup 3}], PDC connects isolated seven coordinated magnesium polyhedra into a layered structure. Compound 3 [space group P6{sub 1}22, a = 11.479(1) {angstrom}, c = 14.735(3) {angstrom}, V = 1681.7(4) {angstrom}{sup 3}] (previously reported) contains isolated magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linker with each other forming a 3D network. Compound 4 [space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 13.7442(14) {angstrom}, b = 14.2887(15) {angstrom}, c = 14.1178(14) {angstrom}, {beta} = 104.912(2){sup o}, V = 2679.2(5) {angstrom}{sup 3}] also exhibits a 3D network based on isolated magnesium octahedra with square cavities containing both disordered DMF and water molecules. The structural topologies originate due to the variable coordination ability of solvent molecules with the metal center. Water molecules coordinate with the magnesium metal centers preferably over other polar solvents (DMF, methanol, ethanol) used to synthesize the coordination networks. Despite testing multiple desolvation routes, we were unable to measure BET surface areas greater than 51.9 m{sup 2}/g for compound 1.

  15. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Magnesium Based Coordination Networks in Different Solvents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, Debasis; Finkelstein, Jeffrey; Smirnov, A.; Forster, Paul M.; Borkowski, Lauren A.; Teat, Simon J.; Parise, John B. (UNLV); (SUNYB); (LBNL)

    2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Three magnesium based metal-organic frameworks, Mg{sub 3}(3,5-PDC){sub 3}(DMF){sub 3} {center_dot} DMF [1], Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O) {center_dot} (H{sub 2}O) [3], and Mg4(3,5-PDC)4(DMF){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} {center_dot} 2DMF {center_dot} 4.5H{sub 2}O [4], and a 2-D coordination polymer, [Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] [2] [PDC = pyridinedicarboxylate], were synthesized using a combination of DMF, methanol, ethanol, and water. Compound 1 [space group P2{sub 1}/n, a = 12.3475(5) {angstrom}, b = 11.1929(5) {angstrom}, c = 28.6734(12) {angstrom}, {beta} = 98.8160(10){sup o}, V = 3916.0(3) {angstrom}{sup 3}] consists of a combination of isolated and corner-sharing magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linkers to form a 3-D network with a 12.2 {angstrom} x 4.6 {angstrom} 1-D channel. The channel contains coordinated and free DMF molecules. In compound 2 [space group C2/c, a = 9.964(5) {angstrom}, b = 12.0694(6) {angstrom}, c = 7.2763(4) {angstrom}, {beta} = 106.4970(6){sup o}, V = 836.70(6) {angstrom}{sup 3}], PDC connects isolated seven coordinated magnesium polyhedra into a layered structure. Compound 3 [space group P6{sub 1}22, a = 11.479(1) {angstrom}, c = 14.735(3) {angstrom}, V = 1681.7(4) {angstrom}{sup 3}] (previously reported) contains isolated magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linker with each other forming a 3D network. Compound 4 [space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 13.7442(14) {angstrom}, b = 14.2887(15) {angstrom}, c = 14.1178(14) {angstrom}, {beta} = 104.912(2){sup o}, V = 2679.2(5) {angstrom}{sup 3}] also exhibits a 3D network based on isolated magnesium octahedra with square cavities containing both disordered DMF and water molecules. The structural topologies originate due to the variable coordination ability of solvent molecules with the metal center. Water molecules coordinate with the magnesium metal centers preferably over other polar solvents (DMF, methanol, ethanol) used to synthesize the coordination networks. Despite testing multiple desolvation routes, we were unable to measure BET surface areas greater than 51.9 m{sup 2}/g for compound 1.

  16. High-performance MoS{sub 2} transistors with low-resistance molybdenum contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Jiahao; Liu, Wei; Banerjee, Kaustav, E-mail: kaustav@ece.ucsb.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Letter, molybdenum (Mo) is introduced and evaluated as an alternative contact metal to atomically-thin molybdenum disulphide (MoS{sub 2}), and high-performance field-effect transistors are experimentally demonstrated. In order to understand the physical nature of the interface and highlight the role of the various factors contributing to the Mo-MoS{sub 2} contacts, density functional theory (DFT) simulations are employed, which reveal that Mo can form high quality contact interface with monolayer MoS{sub 2} with zero tunnel barrier and zero Schottky barrier under source/drain contact, as well as an ultra-low Schottky barrier (0.1?eV) at source/drain-channel junction due to strong Fermi level pinning. In agreement with the DFT simulations, high mobility, high ON-current, and low contact resistance are experimentally demonstrated on both monolayer and multilayer MoS{sub 2} transistors using Mo contacts. The results obtained not only reveal the advantages of using Mo as a contact metal for MoS{sub 2} but also highlight the fact that the properties of contacts with 2-dimensional materials cannot be intuitively predicted by solely considering work function values and Schottky theory.

  17. The interaction of nitrogen and magnesium deficiences in certain aspects of the physiology of the cotton plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Debabrata

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INTERACTION OF NITROGEN AND MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCIES IN CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE COTTON PLANT A Thesis By DEBABRATA GHOSH Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1961 Major Subject: plant physiology THE INTERACTION OF NITROGEN AND MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCIES IN CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE COTTON PLANT A Thesis By DEBABRATA...

  18. The determination of the bioavailability and the site of absorption in lambs fed different sources of magnesium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurley, Leigh Anne

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the animal influences Ng avail- ability. Grace (1972) found that older cows exhibited a sharper decrease in plasma Ng than did younger cows in the early stages of lactation. Magnesium Supplementation The adequacy of dietary Mg levels is probably...THE DETERMINATION OF THE BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE SITE OF ABSORPTION IN LAMBS FED DIFFERENT SOURCES OF MAGNESIUM A Thesis I, EIGH ANNE HURLEY Submitted to the Of f ice of Graduate Studies Texas AAM UniversitY in partial fulfillment...

  19. Ash, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium content of the metacarpus of hereford cows under different nutritional and physiological conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, Mozammel

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ASH, CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS AND MAGNESIUM CONTENT OF THE METACARPUS OF HEREFORD COWS UNDER DIFFERENT NUTRITIONAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS A Thesis By MOZAMMEL HAQUE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial... centages of Calcium, Phosphorus snd Magnesium in Bone Ash for Cows Gi;en Different Treatments During Pre- And Post-Partum Periods 22 10 Analysis of Variance oi Calcium in Bone Ash Dun an's )tultiple tvange Test 1'or Calcium in Bone Ash. Analy...

  20. The effects of exercise and dietary fat on calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc on selected tissues in rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Thuy Huong

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Nutrition THE EFFECTS OF EXERCISE AND DIETARY FAT ON CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM, IRON, AND ZINC ON SELECTED TISSUES IN RATS A Thesis by THUY HUONG NGUYEN Approved as to style... and content by: Karen S. ubena (Chair of Committee) L. yne Greene (Member) Barbara C. O' Brien (Member) Gary C. Smith (Head of Department) December 1989 ABSTRACT The Effects of Exercise and Dietary Fat on Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc...

  1. The effects of a suboptimal intake of magnesium with soy protein concentrate on parturition, growth, and viability in the rat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carson, Sonja D'Awn

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    % casein or 20% soy concentrate as the protein source, and supplemented with 700 ppm, 650 ppm, 75 ppm or 0 ppm magnesium. The experiment was conducted from growth throughout lactation. Maternal performance postpartum was adversely affected by sub... prompted research of soy products (23). Few have reported on the effects of feeding rats a suboptimal level of magnesium in a diet based on casein or soy protein concentrate from weanling through gestation and lactation. The objectives of this study...

  2. The effect of sulfur, magnesium, and various rates of potassium on forage production in some sandy soils of East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landua, Dennis Paul

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF SULFUR, MAGNESIUM, AND VARIOUS RATES OF POTASSIUM ON FORAGE PRODUCTION IN SOME SANDy SOILS OF EAST TEXAS A Thesis by DENNIS PAUL LANDUA Submitted to the Graduate Collccje of Texas AFM Unive, sity in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma 1969 Major Subject Soil Chemistr THE EFFECT OF SULFUR, MAGNESIUM, AND VARIOUS RATES OF POTASSIUM ON FORAGE PRODUCTION IN SOME SANDY SOILS OF EAST TEXAS A Thesis by DENNIS PAUL LANDUA Approved...

  3. Sol-gel preparation of lead magnesium niobate (PMN) powders and thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boyle, T.J.

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing a lead magnesium niobium oxide (PMN), Pb(Mg{sub 1/3}Nb{sub 2/3})O{sub 3}, precursor solution by a solvent method wherein a liquid solution of a lead-complex PMN precursor is combined with a liquid solution of a niobium-complex PMN precursor, the combined lead- and niobium-complex liquid solutions are reacted with a magnesium-alkyl solution, forming a PMN precursor solution and a lead-based precipitate, and the precipitate is separated from the reacted liquid PMN precursor solution to form a precipitate-free PMN precursor solution. This precursor solution can be processed to form both ferroelectric powders and thin films. 3 figs.

  4. Sol-Gel Preparation Of Lead Magnesium Ni Obate (Pmn) Powdersand Thin Films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boyle, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing a lead magnesium niobium oxide (PMN), Pb(Mg.sub.1/3 Nb.sub.2/3)O.sub.3, precursor solution by a solvent method wherein a liquid solution of a lead-complex PMN precursor is combined with a liquid solution of a niobium-complex PMN precursor, the combined lead- and niobium-complex liquid solutions are reacted with a magnesium-alkyl solution, forming a PMN precursor solution and a lead-based precipitate, and the precipitate is separated from the reacted liquid PMN precursor solution to form a precipitate-free PMN precursor solution. This precursor solution can be processed to form both ferroelectric powders and thin films.

  5. Honeywell Modular Automation System Computer Software Documentation for the Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STUBBS, A.M.

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Computer Software Document (CSWD) is to provide configuration control of the Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) in use at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) for the Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process in Rm 23OC/234-52. This CSWD describes hardware and PFP/FFS developed software for control of Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation process located in room 230, 234-52. The Honeywell and Plant Scape software generate limited configuration reports for the developed control software. These reports are described in the following section and are attached as addendum's. This plan applies to PFP Engineering Manager, Thermal Stabilization Cognizant Engineers, Solutions Stabilization Engineers, and the Shift Technical Advisors responsible for the Honeywell MAS software/hardware and administration of the Honeywell System.

  6. Yield Asymmetry Design of Magnesium Alloys by Integrated Computational Materials Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Dongsheng; Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt A.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Ahzi, Said

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deformation asymmetry of magnesium alloys is an important factor on machine design in automobile industry. Represented by the ratio of compressive yield stress (CYS) against tensile yield stress (TYS), deformation asymmetry is strongly related to microstructure, characterized by texture and grain size. Modified intermediate phi-model, a polycrystalline viscoplasticity model, is used to predict the deformation behavior of magnesium alloys with different grain sizes. Validated with experimental results, integrated computational materials engineering is applied to find out the route in achieving desired asymmetry by thermomechanical processing. In some texture, for example, rolled texture, CYS/TYS is smaller than 1 under different loading directions. In some texture, for example, extruded texture, asymmetry is large along normal direction. Starting from rolled texture, the asymmetry will increased to close to 1 along rolling direction after compressed to a strain of 0.2. Our model shows that grain refinement increases CYS/TYS. Besides texture control, grain refinement can also optimize the yield asymmetry. After the grain size decreased to a critical value, CYS/TYS reaches to 1 since CYS increases much faster than TYS. By tailoring the microstructure using texture control and grain refinement, it is achievable to optimize yield asymmetry in wrought magnesium alloys.

  7. Process for CO.sub.2 capture using a regenerable magnesium hydroxide sorbent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siriwardane, Ranjani V; Stevens, Jr., Robert W

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for CO.sub.2 separation using a regenerable Mg(OH).sub.2 sorbent. The process absorbs CO.sub.2 through the formation of MgCO.sub.3 and releases water product H.sub.2O. The MgCO.sub.3 is partially regenerated through direct contact with steam, which acts to heat the magnesium carbonate to a higher temperature, provide heat duty required to decompose the magnesium carbonate to yield MgO and CO.sub.2, provide an H.sub.2O environment over the magnesium carbonate thereby shifting the equilibrium and increasing the potential for CO.sub.2 desorption, and supply H.sub.2O for rehydroxylation of a portion of the MgO. The mixture is polished in the absence of CO.sub.2 using water product H.sub.2O produced during the CO.sub.2 absorption to maintain sorbent capture capacity. The sorbent now comprised substantially of Mg(OH).sub.2 is then available for further CO.sub.2 absorption duty in a cyclic process.

  8. Simple Molybdenum(IV) Olefin Complexes of the Type Mo(NR)(X)(Y)(olefin)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinescu, Smaranda C.

    Exposure of heptane solutions of Mo(NAr)(CHCMe2Ph)(Me2Pyr)(OAr) (1a; Ar = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl), Mo(NAr)(CHCMe3)(Me2Pyr)[OCMe(CF3)2] (1b), and Mo(NAr)(CHCMe2Ph)(Me2Pyr)(OSiPh3) (1c) to one atmosphere of ethylene for 12 h ...

  9. Regional stratigraphy, depositional environments, and tectonic framework of Mississippian clastic rocks between Tuscumbia and Bangor Limestones in Black Warrior basin of Alabama and Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higginbotham, D.R.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed correlations in the subsurface and outcrop of northern Alabama document that Mississippian clastic rocks between the Tuscumbia and Bangor Limestones are thickest along a band across the northern and eastern parts of the Black Warrior basin. The interval thins markedly southeastward across a northeast-trending line in Monroe County, Mississippi, and Lamar County, Alabama, from more than 350 ft to less than 150 ft. The thickness distribution suggests synsedimentary differential subsidence of crustal blocks. The northeast-trending block boundary in the Black Warrior basin nearly parallels an interpreted northeast-trending late Precambrian rift segment farther southeast. The northwest-striking boundary closely parallels an interpreted northwest-trending transform fault farther southwest. The block boundaries are interpreted as basement faults that originated during late Precambrian rifting. Subsequently, the older faults were reactivated by convergenced during the Mississippian, simultaneously with the initial dispersal of clastic sediment into the Black Warrior foreland basin.

  10. Limestone concrete aerosol experiments in steam-air atmospheres: NSPP (Nuclear Safety Pilot Plant) Tests 521, 522, and 531: Data record report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobias, M.L.; Adams, R.E.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This data record report summarizes the results from two tests involving limestone concrete test aerosol in a steam-air environment and one test in a dry air environment. This research sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission was conducted in the Nuclear Safety Pilot Plant at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The purpose of this project is to provide a data base on the behavior of aerosols in containment under conditions assumed to occur in postulated LWR accident sequences; this data base will provide experimental validation of aerosol behavioral codes under development. In the report a brief description is given of each test together with the results in the form of tables and graphs. Included are data on aerosol mass concentration, aerosol fallout and plateout rates, total mass fallout and plateout, aerosol particle size, vessel atmosphere pressure, vessel atmosphere temperatures, temperature gradients near the vessel wall, and steam condensation rates on the vessel wall.

  11. Geology. Most of the Guadalupe River flows through either Glen Rose Limestone, or Fluviatile Terrace Deposits. Combined geologic categories are designated where two geologic units exist in cross section and the channel flows along a boundary between the t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, Joanna C.

    Results Geology. Most of the Guadalupe River flows through either Glen Rose Limestone, or Fluviatile Terrace Deposits. Combined geologic categories are designated where two geologic units exist length. The highest percentage of bedrock coverage per geologic type appears in combined categories (Fig

  12. Experimental activities supporting commercial U.S. accelerator production of 99-Mo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Gregory E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chemerisov, Sergey D [ANL; Vandegrift, George F [ANL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    {sup 99m}Tc, the daughter product of {sup 99}Mo, is the most commonly used radioisotope for nuclear medicine in the U.S. Experiments are being performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory to demonstrate production of {sup 99}Mo using accelerators. The {sup 100}Mo({gamma},n){sup 99}Mo reaction in an enriched {sup 100}Mo target is currently under investigation. Three scaled low-power production experiments using a 20-MeV electron linac at Argonne have been performed to date. Two of these experiments used natural Mo targets and produced a total of 613 {mu}C of {sup 99}Mo. The third experiment used an enriched {sup 100}Mo target and produced 10.5 mCi of {sup 99}Mo. Following irradiation the targets were dissolved and the low specific activity solution was processed through an ARSII generator from NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes. Yields of {sup 99m}Tc >95% have been observed.

  13. Conceptual design of a new homogeneous reactor for medical radioisotope Mo-99/Tc-99m production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liem, Peng Hong [Nippon Advanced Information Service (NAIS Co., Inc.) Scientific Computational Division, 416 Muramatsu, Tokaimura, Ibaraki (Japan); Tran, Hoai Nam [Chalmers University of Technology, Dept. of Applied Physics, Div. of Nuclear Engineering, SE-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Sembiring, Tagor Malem [National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), Center for Reactor Technology and Nuclear Safety, Kawasan Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang Selatan, Banten (Indonesia); Arbie, Bakri [PT MOTAB Technology, Kedoya Elok Plaza Blok DA 12, Jl. Panjang, Kebun Jeruk, Jakarta Barat (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    To partly solve the global and regional shortages of Mo-99 supply, a conceptual design of a nitrate-fuel-solution based homogeneous reactor dedicated for Mo-99/Tc-99m medical radioisotope production is proposed. The modified LEU Cintichem process for Mo-99 extraction which has been licensed and demonstrated commercially for decades by BATAN is taken into account as a key design consideration. The design characteristics and main parameters are identified and the advantageous aspects are shown by comparing with the BATAN's existing Mo-99 supply chain which uses a heterogeneous reactor (RSG GAS multipurpose reactor)

  14. Greenfield Alternative Study LEU-Mo Fuel Fabrication Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington Division of URS

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the initial “first look” of the design of the Greenfield Alternative of the Fuel Fabrication Capability (FFC); a facility to be built at a Greenfield DOE National Laboratory site. The FFC is designed to fabricate LEU-Mo monolithic fuel for the 5 US High Performance Research Reactors (HPRRs). This report provides a pre-conceptual design of the site, facility, process and equipment systems of the FFC; along with a preliminary hazards evaluation, risk assessment as well as the ROM cost and schedule estimate.

  15. Phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorus, A.; Kolthoff, D.; Koval, V.; Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Naumovets, AG; Pfnur, H.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limit can be quasi-one-dimensional. Such model systems are formed upon submonolayer adsorption on surfaces with strongly an- PRB 620163-1829/2000/62~4!/2852~10!/$15.00 n system Li?Mo?112? ,1,3 A. G. Naumovets,1 and H. Pfnu?r2,* , Prospect Nauki 46... W/Re thermocouple and was con- trolled by a computerized feedback circuit with a resolution of 0.01 K. The source of lithium was constructed and outgassed as PRB 62 PHASE TRANSITIONS IN TH described in Ref. 6. The LEED patterns have been taken...

  16. Recovery of Mo/Si multilayer coated optical substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baker, Sherry L. (Pleasanton, CA); Vernon, Stephen P. (Pleasanton, CA); Stearns, Daniel G. (Los Altos, CA)

    1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Mo/Si multilayers are removed from superpolished ZERODUR and fused silica substrates with a dry etching process that, under suitable processing conditions, produces negligible change in either the substrate surface figure or surface roughness. The two step dry etching process removes SiO.sub.2 overlayer with a fluroine-containing gas and then moves molybdenum and silicon multilayers with a chlorine-containing gas. Full recovery of the initial normal incidence extreme ultra-violet (EUV) reflectance response has been demonstrated on reprocessed substrates.

  17. Recovery of Mo/Si multilayer coated optical substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baker, S.L.; Vernon, S.P.; Stearns, D.G.

    1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Mo/Si multilayers are removed from superpolished ZERODUR and fused silica substrates with a dry etching process that, under suitable processing conditions, produces negligible change in either the substrate surface figure or surface roughness. The two step dry etching process removes SiO{sub 2} overlayer with a fluroine-containing gas and then moves molybdenum and silicon multilayers with a chlorine-containing gas. Full recovery of the initial normal incidence extreme ultra-violet (EUV) reflectance response has been demonstrated on reprocessed substrates. 5 figs.

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Petrolite Corp - MO 08

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp - CTOregonPetrolite Corp - MO 08 FUSRAP

  19. Fabrication of Chemically Doped, High Upper Critical Field Magnesium Diboride Superconducting Wires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marzik, James, V.

    2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Controlled chemical doping of magnesium diboride (MgB2) has been shown to substantially improve its superconducting properties to the levels required for high field magnets, but the doping is difficult to accomplish through the usual route of solid state reaction and diffusion. Further, superconducting cables of MgB2 are difficult to fabricate because of the friable nature of the material. In this Phase I STTR project, doped and undoped boron fibers were made by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several >100m long batches of doped and undoped fiber were made by CVD codeposition of boron plus dopants. Bundles of these fibers infiltrated with liquid magnesium and subsequently converted to MgB2 to form Mg-MgB2 metal matrix composites. In a parallel path, doped boron nano-sized powder was produced by a plasma synthesis technique, reacted with magnesium to produce doped MgB2 superconducting ceramic bodies. The doped powder was also fabricated into superconducting wires several meters long. The doped boron fibers and powders made in this program were fabricated into fiber-metal composites and powder-metal composites by a liquid metal infiltration technique. The kinetics of the reaction between boron fiber and magnesium metal was investigated in fiber-metal composites. It was found that the presence of dopants had significantly slowed the reaction between magnesium and boron. The superconducting properties were measured for MgB2 fibers and MgB2 powders made by liquid metal infiltration. Properties of MgB2 products (Jc, Hc2) from Phase I are among the highest reported to date for MgB2 bulk superconductors. Chemically doped MgB2 superconducting magnets can perform at least as well as NbTi and NbSn3 in high magnetic fields and still offer an improvement over the latter two in terms of operating temperature. These characteristics make doped MgB2 an effective material for high magnetic field applications, such as magnetic confined fusion, and medical MRI devices. Developing fusion as an energy source will dramatically reduce energy costs, global warming, and radioactive waste. Cheaper and more efficient medical MRI devices could lower examination costs, find potential health problems earlier, and thus also benefit society as a whole. Other potential commercial applications for this material are devices for the generation and storage of electrical power, thus lowering the cost of delivered electricity.

  20. Identification of single nucleotides in MoS2 nanopores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiandong Feng; Ke Liu; Roman D. Bulushev; Sergey Khlybov; Dumitru Dumcenco; Andras Kis; Aleksandra Radenovic

    2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultrathin membranes have drawn much attention due to their unprecedented spatial resolution for DNA nanopore sequencing. However, the high translocation velocity (3000-50000 nt/ms) of DNA molecules moving across such membranes limits their usability. To this end, we have introduced a viscosity gradient system based on room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) to control the dynamics of DNA translocation through a nanometer-size pore fabricated in an atomically thin MoS2 membrane. This allows us for the first time to statistically identify all four types of nucleotides with solid state nanopores. Nucleotides are identified according to the current signatures recorded during their transient residence in the narrow orifice of the atomically thin MoS2 nanopore. In this novel architecture that exploits high viscosity of RTIL, we demonstrate single-nucleotide translocation velocity that is an optimal speed (1-50 nt/ms) for DNA sequencing, while keeping the signal to noise ratio (SNR) higher than 10. Our findings pave the way for future low-cost and rapid DNA sequencing using solid-state nanopores.

  1. Characterization of U-Mo Foils for AFIP-7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Danny J.; Ermi, Ruby M.; Schemer-Kohrn, Alan L.; Overman, Nicole R.; Henager, Charles H.; Burkes, Douglas; Senor, David J.

    2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Twelve AFIP in-process foil samples, fabricated by either Y-12 or LANL, were shipped from LANL to PNNL for potential characterization using optical and scanning electron microscopy techniques. Of these twelve, nine different conditions were examined to one degree or another using both techniques. For this report a complete description of the results are provided for one archive foil from each source of material, and one unirradiated piece of a foil of each source that was irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor. Additional data from two other LANL conditions are summarized in very brief form in an appendix. The characterization revealed that all four characterized conditions contained a cold worked microstructure to different degrees. The Y-12 foils exhibited a higher degree of cold working compared to the LANL foils, as evidenced by the highly elongated and obscure U-Mo grain structure present in each foil. The longitudinal orientations for both of the Y-12 foils possesses a highly laminar appearance with such a distorted grain structure that it was very difficult to even offer a range of grain sizes. The U-Mo grain structure of the LANL foils, by comparison, consisted of a more easily discernible grain structure with a mix of equiaxed and elongated grains. Both materials have an inhomogenous grain structure in that all of the characterized foils possess abnormally coarse grains.

  2. Supercapacitor behavior of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods on different electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purushothaman, K.K., E-mail: purushoth_gri@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, TRP Engineering College (SRM Group), Irungalur, Trichy, Tamilnadu (India); Cuba, M. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute – Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India)] [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute – Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India); Muralidharan, G., E-mail: muralg@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute – Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: SEM image of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods on FTO substrate. Highlights: ? Synthesis of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods by spin coating method. ? First study on the effect of electrolyte on the pseudocapacitance behavior. ? ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods exhibit maximum specific capacitance of 998 F/g. ? At higher scan rates p-TSA electrolyte exhibits superior capacitive behavior. -- Abstract: ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods were prepared on conducting glass substrate via sol–gel spin coating method at the optimum doping level. The effect of electrolyte on the pseudocapacitance behavior of the ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods was studied using para toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA), sulfuric acid (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as electrolytes. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the formation of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} in monoclinic phase. FTIR spectra contain vibrational bands associated with Mo=O, M–O and Mo–O–Mo bonds. SEM image reveals the formation of nanorods. Supercapacitor behavior has been studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis. ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods exhibit maximum specific capacitance of 998 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s in H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} electrolyte while a specific capacitance of 784 F/g and 530 F/g have been obtained using p-TSA and HCl electrolytes, respectively. At higher scan rates p-TSA electrolyte exhibits superior capacitive behavior than H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}.

  3. Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osterloh, Frank

    -iodopropionic acid treated LiMo3Se3 nanowire bundles with oleic acid-stabilized Fe3O4 nanoparticles of 2.8, 5Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses Frank E. Osterloh,*, Hiroki A scaleable chemical approach to functional nanoscale analogues of the magnetic compasses in magnetotactic

  4. Hole Selective MoOx Contact for Silicon Solar Cells Corsin Battaglia,,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javey, Ali

    Hole Selective MoOx Contact for Silicon Solar Cells Corsin Battaglia,,, Xingtian Yin,,,§, Maxwell Laboratory, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049 Shaanxi, People's Republic of China Joint Center/silicon solar cell with a power conversion efficiency of 14.3%. While MoOx is commonly considered

  5. MoIAC Pre-Audit Form Ways to submit this form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    information: #12;MoIAC Pre-Audit Form Major Energy Consuming Equipment: Please provide informationMoIAC Pre-Audit Form Ways to submit this form: 1. Fill up the form and fax it to 573-882-2693 Attn: Dr. Bin Wu 2. Print and return this form by mail to: Dr. Bin Wu University of Missouri

  6. Adsorption studies of Mo and V onto ferrihydrite *, L. G. BENNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benning, Liane G.

    Adsorption studies of Mo and V onto ferrihydrite L. BRINZA 1, *, L. G. BENNING 1 AND P. J. STATHAM-sorbate experiments, 100% adsorption was observed at pH values below 6 and 8, respectively. Above the point of zero charge (PZC = 7.97) of FHY, the adsorption efficiency for Mo dropped dramatically (20% at pH 8) while V

  7. Stability of Graphene doping with MoO_3 and I_2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D’Arsié, Lorenzo; Esconjauregui, Santiago; Weatherup, Robert; Guo, Yuzheng; Bhardwaj, Sunil; Centeno, Alba; Zurutuza, Amaia; Cepek, Cinzia; Robertson, John

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We dope graphene by evaporation of MoO_3 or by solution-deposition of I_2 and assess the doping stability for its use as transparent electrodes. Electrical measurements show that both dopants increase the graphene sheet conductivity and find that Mo...

  8. Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri ­ Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600 PHONE;Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri ­ Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600 PHONE (573 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of Host Institution (College or University you will be attending or taking additional classes

  9. Ligand Conjugation of Chemically Exfoliated MoS2 Stanley S. Chou,+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jiaxing

    Ligand Conjugation of Chemically Exfoliated MoS2 Stanley S. Chou,+ Mrinmoy De,+ Jaemyung Kim,+ Segi and chemical properties. Here, we demonstrate ligand conjugation of chemically exfoliated MoS2 using thiol-nitrilotriacetic acid chelation.13 However, colloidal sur- face modification of water dispersible, chemically exfoliated

  10. Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) Produced by CO Disproportionation on Co-Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resasco, Daniel

    Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) Produced by CO Disproportionation on Co Received November 15, 2001. Revised Manuscript Received February 6, 2002 The disproportionation of CO over Co-Mo/SiO2 catalysts with low Co/Mo ratios results in a high selectivity to single-walled carbon

  11. Corrosion Behavior of Solution-Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    ! ! ! Corrosion Behavior of Solution- Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant Alloys Pooja Panigrahi University June 6, 2011 #12;! ! ""! Corrosion Behavior of Solution-Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant Alloys and Applied Sciences Northwestern University June 6, 2011 Abstract Corrosion behavior of solution annealed

  12. Double beta decays and solar neutrinos with 100 MOON(Mo Observatory Of Neutrinos)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    nuclear laboratory for spectroscopic studies of neutrinos Neutrinos are key particles for new frontiers) are sensitive and realistic experiments for studying the Majorana nature of the neutrino and the absolute massDouble beta decays and solar neutrinos with 100 Mo ­MOON(Mo Observatory Of Neutrinos)­ May 24, 2005

  13. Posting type Advisory Subject Shifts in Mo-anode XRF element calibration factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Emily V.

    Posting type Advisory Subject Shifts in Mo-anode XRF element calibration factors Module/Species A@crocker.ucdavis.edu Supporting information A molybdenum-anode XRF instrument is used to analyze the heavier elements (Ni, Cu, Zn with lighter deposits were acquired and used in the Mo-anode XRF system. The new calibration foils resulted

  14. Photo-oxidation method using MoS2 nanocluster materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of photo-oxidizing a hydrocarbon compound is provided by dispersing MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters in a solvent containing a hydrocarbon compound contaminant to form a stable solution mixture and irradiating the mixture to photo-oxide the hydrocarbon compound. Hydrocarbon compounds of interest include aromatic hydrocarbon and chlorinated hydrocarbons. MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters with an average diameter less than approximately 10 nanometers are shown to be effective in decomposing potentially toxic aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as phenol, pentachlorophenol, chlorinated biphenols, and chloroform, into relatively non-toxic compounds. The irradiation can occur by exposing the MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters and hydrocarbon compound mixture with visible light. The MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters can be introduced to the toxic hydrocarbons as either a MoS.sub.2 solution or deposited on a support material.

  15. Phase transformation of ZnMoO{sub 4} by localized thermal spike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, D. C.; Avasthi, D. K.; Kabiraj, D. [Inter-University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Varma, S. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Kremer, Felipe; Ridgway, M. C. [Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that ZnMoO{sub 4} remains in stable phase under thermal annealing up to 1000?°C, whereas it decomposes to ZnO and MoO{sub 3} under transient thermal spike induced by 100?MeV Ag irradiation. The transformation is evidenced by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Thin films of ZnMoO{sub 4} were synthesized by thermal evaporation and subsequent annealing in oxygen ambient at 600?°C for 4?h. XRD results show that as the irradiation fluence increases, the peak related to ZnMoO{sub 4} decreases gradually and eventually disappear, whereas peaks related to ZnO grow steadily up to fluence of 3?×?10{sup 12} ions/cm{sup 2} and thereafter remain stable till highest fluence. This indicates that polycrystalline ZnMoO{sub 4} film has transformed to polycrystalline ZnO thin film. The Raman lines related to ZnMoO{sub 4} are observed to have disappeared with increasing irradiation fluence. XPS results show modification in bonding and depletion of Mo from near surface region after the ion irradiation. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy result shows the formation of ion track of diameter 12–16?nm. These results demonstrate that ion beam methods provide the means to control phase splitting of ZnMoO{sub 4} to ZnO and MoO{sub 3} within nanometric dimension along the ion track. The observation of phase splitting and Mo loss are explained in the framework of ion beam induced thermal spike formalism.

  16. Magnesium cage shows promise for carbon capture http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2009/December/01120901.asp[12/2/2009 12:27:18 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Magnesium cage shows promise for carbon capture http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2009 Links Tools Magnesium cage shows promise for carbon capture 01 December 2009 US chemists have shown and selectively capture carbon dioxide from a mixture of gases and subsequently release it using little energy

  17. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C1, suppliment au no 4, Tome 38, Avril 1977, page C1-207 KINETICS OF THE CATION REDISTRIBUTION IN MAGNESIUM FERRITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    OF THE CATION REDISTRIBUTION IN MAGNESIUM FERRITES V. A. M. BRABERS and J. KLERK Department of Physics distribution des ions Mg2+et Fe3+sur les sites tetrakdriques et octakdriquesde ferrites de magnesium est Ctudi octahedral and tetrahedral sites in Mg ferrites has been studiedwith dilatometricmeasurements

  18. Magnesium deficiency and type of protein during gestation and lactation in rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Kathryn Ellen Hughes

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the irregular schedule of cage clean1ng. 13 Animals were observed for physical signs of magnesium deficiency. Upon parturition the stainless steel grids were removed from the cages, and dams and pups were maintained on the wood-chip bedding... in a machine designed for this pur- pose. Clean cages with fresh wood-chip bedding were provided as needed, and clean feeders were provided weekly. All other instruments and glassware used in the study were acid-washed in 10% nitric acid or soaked...

  19. Water and Methanol Adsorption on MgO(100)/Mo(100) Studied by Electron Spectroscopies and Thermal Programmed Desorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    Water and Methanol Adsorption on MgO(100)/Mo(100) Studied by Electron Spectroscopies and Thermal, 2000 The adsorption of methanol (CH3OH) and water (D2O) on the MgO(100)/Mo(100) surface at 100 K has covered MgO(100)/Mo(100) surface. On the other hand, the formation of a methanol multilayer desorption

  20. Influence of Co/Mo Ratio on Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Carbon Monoxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Influence of Co/Mo Ratio on Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Carbon Monoxide, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 Co and Mo are often used as catalysts for the catalytic chemical vapor in synthesizing random, vertical and parallel aligned SWNTs on Co and Mo dip-coated quartz substrates from carbon

  1. Effect of dietary magnesium and calcium on blood lipids and minerals in tissues in rats fed a high fat diet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conboy-Downs, Jean

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF DIETARY MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM ON BLOOD LIPIDS AND MINERALS ZN TISSUES IN BATS FED A HIGH FAT DIET A Thesis by JEAN CONBOY-DONNS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Nutrition EFFECT OF DIETARY MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM ON BLOOD LIPZDS AND MZNERALS ZN TISSUES IN RATS FED A BIGS FAT DIET A Thesis by JEAN CONBOY-DOWNS Approved as to style...

  2. The determination of the bioavailability and the site of absorption in lambs fed different sources of magnesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurley, Leigh Anne

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    followed by a 3-d total collection of feces and urine. Fecal excretions and apparent absorptions of Mg increased (P&. 05) 43 and 320'4 respectively, as Ng intakes increased (P&. 05) from . 96 to 1. 85 g/d intake. Apparent Ng absorptions were . 17, . 51...'% with and average of . 10% in order to meet daily Hg requirements . $0 Magnesium Losses Magnesium is lost from the body by three main zoutes: milk, urine and feces (Allczoft and Burns, 1968). The main route of Ng excretion is by way of the feces (Todd, 1976...

  3. Effect of dietary magnesium and calcium on blood lipids and minerals in tissues in rats fed a high fat diet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conboy-Downs, Jean

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF DIETARY MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM ON BLOOD LIPIDS AND MINERALS ZN TISSUES IN BATS FED A HIGH FAT DIET A Thesis by JEAN CONBOY-DONNS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Nutrition EFFECT OF DIETARY MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM ON BLOOD LIPZDS AND MZNERALS ZN TISSUES IN RATS FED A BIGS FAT DIET A Thesis by JEAN CONBOY-DOWNS Approved as to style...

  4. The effects of a marginal intake of magnesium with soy protein concentrate on growth, gestation, and lactation in the rat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Cynthia Anne

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF A MARGINAL INTAKE OF MAGNESIUM WITH SOY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE ON GROWTH, GESTATION, AND LACTATION IN THE RAT A Thesis by CYNTHIA ANNE MCLAUGHLIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 19B6 Major Subject: Nutrrtion THE EFFECTS OF A MARGINAL INTAKE OF MAGNESIUM WITH SOY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE ON GROWTH, GESTATION, AND LACTATION IN THE RAT A Thesis by CYNTHIA ANNE MCLAUGHLIN Approved...

  5. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Weilin; Jung, Hee Joon; Kovarik, Libor; Wang, Zhaoying; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Zhu, Zihua; Edwards, Danny J.; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wang, Yongqiang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a candidate material for fusion reactor applications, silicon carbide (SiC) undergoes transmutation reactions under high-energy neutron irradiation with magnesium as the major metallic transmutant; the others include aluminum, beryllium and phosphorus in addition to helium and hydrogen gaseous species. The impact of these transmutants on SiC structural stability is currently unknown. This study uses ion implantation to introduce Mg into SiC. Multiaxial ion-channeling analysis of the as-produced damage state suggests that there are preferred Si <100> interstitial splits. The microstructure of the annealed sample was examined using high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. The results show a high concentration of likely non-faulted tetrahedral voids and possible stacking fault tetrahedra near the damage peak. In addition to lattice distortion, dislocations and intrinsic and extrinsic stacking faults are also observed. Magnesium in 3C-SiC prefers to substitute for Si and it forms precipitates of cubic Mg2Si and tetragonal MgC2. The diffusion coefficient of Mg in 3C-SiC single crystal at 1573 K has been determined to be 3.8±0.4×10e-19 m2/sec.

  6. Manufacture of gradient micro-structures of magnesium alloys using two stage extrusion dies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, Yeong-Maw; Huang, Tze-Hui [Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Rd., Kaohsiung, 804, Taiwan (China); Alexandrov, Sergei [Institute for Problems in Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Naimark, Oleg Borisovich [Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm (Russian Federation); Jeng, Yeau-Ren [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Advanced Institute of Manufacturing with High-tech Innovations, National Chung Cheng University, Ming-Hsiung, Chia-Yi 621, Taiwan (China)

    2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper aims to manufacture magnesium alloy metals with gradient micro-structures using hot extrusion process. The extrusion die was designed to have a straight channel part combined with a conical part. Materials pushed through this specially-designed die generate a non-uniform velocity distribution at cross sections inside the die and result in different strain and strain rate distributions. Accordingly, a gradient microstructure product can be obtained. Using the finite element analysis, the forming temperature, effective strain, and effective strain rate distributions at the die exit were firstly discussed for various inclination angles in the conical die. Then, hot extrusion experiments with a two stage die were conducted to obtain magnesium alloy products with gradient micro-structures. The effects of the inclination angle on the grain size distribution at cross sections of the products were also discussed. Using a die of an inclination angle of 15°, gradient micro-structures of the grain size decreasing gradually from 17 ?m at the center to 4 ?m at the edge of product were achieved.

  7. Thermal Property Evaluation of Cerium Dioxide and Cerium Dioxide Magnesium Oxide Powders for Testing Plutonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOYT, R C

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ceric oxide (CeO{sub 2}) and mixtures of CeO{sub 2} -magnesium oxide (MgO) have been utilized at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) as surrogate materials to represent plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) and impure PuO{sub 2} containing impurities such as MgO during verification tests on PFP's stabilization furnaces. Magnesium oxide was selected during furnace testing as the impurity of interest since much of the impure PuO{sub 2} to be stabilized and packaged at the PFP contains significant amounts of MgO from solution stabilization work. The issue being addressed in this study is whether or not heating the surrogate materials to 950 C adequately simulates heating PuO{sub 2} powders to 950 C. This paper evaluates some of the thermal properties of these oxides, as related to the heating of powders of these materials where heat transfer within the powders is governed primarily by conduction. Detailed heat transfer modeling was outside the scope of this paper.

  8. Construction and Building Materials, 75 (2015) 1-10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.10.042. Multi-Scale Investigation of the Performance of Limestone in Concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -mail: taijiro.sato@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca Abstract Limestone (calcium carbonate, CaCO3) has long been a critical with the aluminate phases present in the cement (and fly #12;2 ash). Conversely, the aragonite polymorph of CaCO3 silicate hydration at a similar particle size/surface area. However, because these two forms of CaCO3 have

  9. Investigation of the optical properties of MoS{sub 2} thin films using spectroscopic ellipsometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yim, Chanyoung; O'Brien, Maria; Winters, Sinéad [School of Chemistry, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); McEvoy, Niall [Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Mirza, Inam; Lunney, James G. [Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Duesberg, Georg S., E-mail: duesberg@tcd.ie [School of Chemistry, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Advanced Materials and BioEngineering Research (AMBER) Centre, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) characterization of layered transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) thin films grown by vapor phase sulfurization is reported. By developing an optical dispersion model, the extinction coefficient and refractive index, as well as the thickness of molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) films, were extracted. In addition, the optical band gap was obtained from SE and showed a clear dependence on the MoS{sub 2} film thickness, with thinner films having a larger band gap energy. These results are consistent with theory and observations made on MoS{sub 2} flakes prepared by exfoliation, showing the viability of vapor phase derived TMDs for optical applications.

  10. High damage-resistant Mo mirror for high-power TEA CO/sub 2/ laser systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ichikawa, Y.; Yoshida, K.; Tsunawaki, Y.; Yamanaka, M.; Yamanaka, T.; Yamanaka, C.; Okamoto, H.; Matsusue, N.; Kitajima, K.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-purity molybdenum (Mo) mirror was developed by an electron-beam melting method (e.b.m. Mo mirror). For high-power TEA CO/sub 2/ laser, the e.b.m. Mo mirror has two to four times higher surface damage threshold than that of an Au-coated glass mirror and three times longer lifetime than that of a powder metallurgy Mo mirror (p.m. Mo mirror) when laser energy density lower than 60 J/cm/sup 2/ was irradiated with a 0.5-pps repetition rate. It was found that the difference between the e.b.m. Mo mirror and the p.m. Mo mirror at the laser-damage threshold was due to the five surface without voids and the small amount of impurities.

  11. Magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4) spinel produced via self-heat-sustained (SHS) technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    , conventional solid-state-reaction (SSR), sol-gel, spray drying (atomization) and organic gel-assisted citrateMagnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4) spinel produced via self-heat-sustained (SHS) technique Lim Rooi Pinga,1 , Abdul-Majeed Azadb, *, Teng Wan Dunga a Ceramics Technology Center, SIRIM Berhad, 1 Persiaran

  12. A Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Tom

    as a function of substrate temperature and dopant flux for Ga-polarity and N-polarity GaN. Incorporation GaN templates on (0001) sapphire substrates. The doped layers were grown at a rate of 0.25 µmA Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam

  13. Aboveground test of an advanced Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometer to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. B. Bekker; N. Coron; F. A. Danevich; V. Ya. Degoda; A. Giuliani; V. D. Grigorieva; N. V. Ivannikova; M. Mancuso; P. de Marcillac; I. M. Moroz; C. Nones; E. Olivieri; G. Pessina; D. V. Poda; V. N. Shlegel; V. I. Tretyak; M. Velazquez

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Large lithium molybdate (Li$_2$MoO$_4$) crystal boules were produced by using the low thermal gradient Czochralski growth technique from deeply purified molybdenum. A small sample from one of the boules was preliminary characterized in terms of X-ray-induced and thermally-excited luminescence. A large cylindrical crystalline element (with a size of $\\oslash 40\\times40$ mm) was used to fabricate a scintillating bolometer, which was operated aboveground at $\\sim 15$ mK by using a pulse-tube cryostat housing a high-power dilution refrigerator. The excellent detector performance in terms of energy resolution and $\\alpha$ background suppression along with preliminary positive indications on the radiopurity of this material show the potentiality of Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers for low-counting experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo.

  14. Aboveground test of an advanced Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometer to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bekker, T B; Danevich, F A; Degoda, V Ya; Giuliani, A; Grigorieva, V D; Ivannikova, N V; Mancuso, M; de Marcillac, P; Moroz, I M; Nones, C; Olivieri, E; Pessina, G; Poda, D V; Shlegel, V N; Tretyak, V I; Velazquez, M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large lithium molybdate (Li$_2$MoO$_4$) crystal boules were produced by using the low thermal gradient Czochralski growth technique from deeply purified molybdenum. A small sample from one of the boules was preliminary characterized in terms of X-ray-induced and thermally-excited luminescence. A large cylindrical crystalline element (with a size of $\\oslash 40\\times40$ mm) was used to fabricate a scintillating bolometer, which was operated aboveground at $\\sim 15$ mK by using a pulse-tube cryostat housing a high-power dilution refrigerator. The excellent detector performance in terms of energy resolution and $\\alpha$ background suppression along with preliminary positive indications on the radiopurity of this material show the potentiality of Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers for low-counting experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo.

  15. Magnesium Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cyberinfrastructure projects and will be augmented by original research in Computer Science and Software Engineering towards the creation of large, distributed, autonomic and...

  16. Atomistic simulation of the electronic states of adatoms in monolayer MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Jiwon; Larentis, Stefano; Tutuc, Emanuel; Register, Leonard F.; Banerjee, Sanjay K. [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Using an ab initio density functional theory based electronic structure method, we study the effects of adatoms on the electronic properties of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide Molybdenum-disulfide (MoS{sub 2}). We consider the 1st (Li, Na, K) and 7th (F, Cl, Br) column atoms and metals (Sc, Ti, Ta, Mo, Pd, Pt, Ag, Au). Three high symmetry sites for the adatom on the surface of monolayer MoS{sub 2} are examined as starting points to search for the most energetically stable configuration for each adatom-monolayer MoS{sub 2} system, as well as the type of associated bonding. For the most stable adatom positions, we characterize the emergence of adatom-induced electronic states including any dopant states.

  17. Monolayers of MoS{sub 2} as an oxidation protective nanocoating material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sen, H. Sener [UNAM-National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Sahin, H.; Peeters, F. M. [Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp (Belgium); Durgun, E., E-mail: durgun@unam.bilkent.edu.tr [UNAM-National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    First-principle calculations are employed to investigate the interaction of oxygen with ideal and defective MoS{sub 2} monolayers. Our calculations show that while oxygen atoms are strongly bound on top of sulfur atoms, the oxygen molecule only weakly interacts with the surface. The penetration of oxygen atoms and molecules through a defect-free MoS{sub 2} monolayer is prevented by a very high diffusion barrier indicating that MoS{sub 2} can serve as a protective layer for oxidation. The analysis is extended to WS{sub 2} and similar coating characteristics are obtained. Our calculations indicate that ideal and continuous MoS{sub 2} and WS{sub 2} monolayers can improve the oxidation and corrosion-resistance of the covered surface and can be considered as an efficient nanocoating material.

  18. Substrate interactions with suspended and supported monolayer MoS?: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jin, Wencan; Sadowski, Jerzy T.; Yeh, Po-Chun; Zaki, Nader; Zhang, Datong; Liou, Jonathan T.; Dadap, Jerry I.; Herman, Irving P.; Osgood, Jr., Richard M.; Sutter, Peter; et al

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the directly measured electronic structure of exfoliated monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS?) using micrometer-scale angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Measurements of both suspended and supported monolayer MoS? elucidate the effects of interaction with a substrate. A suggested relaxation of the in-plane lattice constant is found for both suspended and supported monolayer MoS? crystals. For suspended MoS?, a careful investigation of the measured uppermost valence band gives an effective mass at ? and ? of 2.00m? and 0.43m?, respectively. We also measure an increase in the band linewidth from the midpoint of ?? to the vicinity of ? and briefly discuss itsmore »possible origin.« less

  19. Substrate interactions with suspended and supported monolayer MoS?: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jin, Wencan [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Sadowski, Jerzy T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Yeh, Po-Chun [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Zaki, Nader [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Zhang, Datong [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Liou, Jonathan T. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Dadap, Jerry I. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Herman, Irving P. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Osgood, Jr., Richard M. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Sutter, Peter [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Barinov, Alexey [Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Yablonskikh, Mikhail [Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the directly measured electronic structure of exfoliated monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS?) using micrometer-scale angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Measurements of both suspended and supported monolayer MoS? elucidate the effects of interaction with a substrate. A suggested relaxation of the in-plane lattice constant is found for both suspended and supported monolayer MoS? crystals. For suspended MoS?, a careful investigation of the measured uppermost valence band gives an effective mass at ? and ? of 2.00m? and 0.43m?, respectively. We also measure an increase in the band linewidth from the midpoint of ?? to the vicinity of ? and briefly discuss its possible origin.

  20. Intrinsic Electronic Transport Properties of High-Quality Monolayer and Bilayer MoS[subscript 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baugher, Britton W. H.

    We report electronic transport measurements of devices based on monolayers and bilayers of the transition-metal dichalcogenide MoS[subscript 2]. Through a combination of in situ vacuum annealing and electrostatic gating ...

  1. MO"BIUS ENERGIES FOR KNOTS AND LINKS, SURFACES AND SUBMANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusner, Robert B.

    MO"BIUS ENERGIES FOR KNOTS AND LINKS, SURFACES AND SUBMANIFOLDS energies, especially those which are invariant under M"obius transforma- tions of space. We describe computer experiments with such energies, and discuss ways of extending these to energies

  2. Isothermal activation of Mo2O5 ZSM-5 precursors during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Isothermal activation of Mo2O5 21 ­ZSM-5 precursors during methane reactions: effects of reaction to petrochemicals and liquid fuels and chemicals remains a formidable technological challenge.1 Exchanged cations

  3. AB INITIO Modeling of Thermomechanical Properties of Mo-Based Alloys for Fossil Energy Conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ching, Wai-Yim

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this final scientific/technical report covering the period of 3.5 years started on July 1, 2011, we report the accomplishments on the study of thermo-mechanical properties of Mo-based intermetallic compounds under NETL support. These include computational method development, physical properties investigation of Mo-based compounds and alloys. The main focus is on the mechanical and thermo mechanical properties at high temperature since these are the most crucial properties for their potential applications. In particular, recent development of applying ab initio molecular dynamic (AIMD) simulations to the T1 (Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3}) and T2 (Mo{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}) phases are highlighted for alloy design in further improving their properties.

  4. Electronic structure and conductivity of nanocomposite metal (Au,Ag,Cu,Mo)-containing amorphous carbon films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endrino, Jose L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dual-cathode arc deposition (PDC-FCVA) source containingand metal cathodes [2]. The PDC-FCVA system in combinationCu,Mo) incorporation in a-C by PDC-FCVA. The modification of

  5. Combining sedimentological, trace metal (Mn, Mo) and molecular evidence for reconstructing past water-column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Combining sedimentological, trace metal (Mn, Mo) and molecular evidence for reconstructing past online 22 June 2013 Abstract Here, we present sedimentological, trace metal, and molecular evidence underscores the value of combining sedimentological, geochemical, and microbiological approaches

  6. Enhanced absorption of monolayer MoS{sub 2} with resonant back reflector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jiang-Tao, E-mail: jtliu@semi.ac.cn; Liu, Nian-Hua [Nanoscale Science and Technology Laboratory, Institute for Advanced Study, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 (China); Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 (China); Wang, Tong-Biao [Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 (China); Li, Xiao-Jing [College of Physics and Energy, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China)

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical absorption of monolayer MoS{sub 2} on top of one-dimensional photonic crystal (1DPC) or metal films with spacer layers is theoretically investigated by extracting the permittivity of monolayer MoS{sub 2} from existing experimental results [K. F. Mak et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010)]. The absorption of graphene with 1DPC across a broad spectral range is substantially enhanced because of the photonic localization at the optical micro-cavity on top of the 1DPC or metal films. The absorption of monolayer MoS{sub 2} can be tuned by varying either the distance between the monolayer MoS{sub 2} and the back reflector or the thickness of the cover layers.

  7. Diffusional Interactions between U-Mo and Zr at 650°C as a Function of Time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y. Park; Y. H. Sohn; D. D. Keiser, Jr.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of monolithic U-Mo alloy fuel (typically U-10wt.%Mo) for the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program requires a use of Zr diffusion barrier to eliminate the diffusional interaction between the fuel alloy and Al-alloy cladding. The application of Zr barrier to the U-Mo fuel requires co-rolling process that utilizes a soaking temperature of 650°C, which represents the highest temperature the fuel system is exposed to during both fuel manufacturing and reactor application. Therefore, in this study, development of phase constituents, microstructure and diffusion kinetics of U-10wt.%Mo and Zr was examined using solid-to-solid diffusion couples annealed at 650°C for 240, 480 and 720 hours. Diffusional interactions were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Within the diffusion zone, a single-phase layer of ß-Zr was observed along with a discontinuous layer of Mo2Zr at the interface between the terminal ?-U(Mo) alloy and ß-Zr. In the vicinity of Mo2Zr phase, islands of ß-U and a-Zr phases were also found. In addition, accicular a-Zr phases were observed within the ?-U(Mo). Growth rate of this diffuaional interaction layer was determined to be 8.76 x 10-15 m2/sec, however with an assumption of certain incubation period. Consistency in these observation along with concentration profiles and diffusion paths are presented and discussed with respect to the diffusion couple that was furnace-cooled, annealed at 700°C in our previous study, and isothermal ternary phase diagram at 700°C.

  8. Effects of soil treatments supplemented with two rates of magnesium sulfate on the availability of soil nutrients and on the yield and chemical composition of coastal Bermuda grass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evatt, Nathan S

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ZATZ ON THE AVAILABILITY OF SOIL NUTRIENTS AND ON TH YIELD AND CHENICAL COMPOSITICN GF CO. iSTAL BERNUDA GHASS INTRODUCTION It is known that magnesium is one of' the elements essential for plant growth; however much is to be learned concerning its specific functions... within the plant, Host Texas soils are not deficient, in magnesium (23). Magnesium is reported to be a carrier of the phos- phorus used by the plant. It is entirely possible that the failure to obtain crops of higher phosphorus content upon...

  9. MoS{sub 2} nanotube exfoliation as new synthesis pathway to molybdenum blue

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Visic, B., E-mail: bojana.visic@ijs.si [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Gunde, M. Klanjsek [National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Kovac, J.; Iskra, I. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Jelenc, J.; Remskar, M. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia) [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Centre of Excellence Namaste, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: . Display Omitted Highlights: ? New synthesis approach to obtaining molybdenum blue via exfoliated MoS{sub 2} nanotubes. ? Material is prone to self assembly and is stable in high vacuum. ? Molecules are as small as 2 nm and their clusters are up to tens of nanometers. ? Change in absorption and oxidation states from the precursor MoS{sub 2}. -- Abstract: Molybdenum blue-type materials are usually obtained by partially reducing Mo{sup VI+} in acidic solutions, while in the presented method it is formed in ethanol solution of exfoliated MoS{sub 2} nanotubes, where the MoS{sub 2} flakes are the preferential location for their growth. Material was investigated by means of scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, showing the structure and self assembly, while also confirming that it is stable in high vacuum with molecules as small as 1.6 nm and the agglomerates of few tens of nanometres. The ultraviolet–visible and photoelectron spectrometry show the change in absorption properties and oxidation states from MoS{sub 2} structure to molybdenum blue, while the presence of sulphur suggests that this is a new type of molybdenum blue material.

  10. High reflectance and low stress Mo2C/Be multilayers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bajt, Sasa (Livermore, CA); Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A material for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) multilayers that will reflect at about 11.3 nm, have a high reflectance, low stress, and high thermal and radiation stability. The material consists of alternating layers of Mo.sub.2 C and Be deposited by DC magnetron sputtering on a substrate, such as silicon. In one example a Mo.sub.2 C/Be multilayer gave 65.2% reflectance at 11.25 nm measured at 5 degrees off normal incidence angle, and consisted of 70 bilayers with a deposition period of 5.78 nm, and was deposited at 0.83 mTorr argon (Ar) sputtering pressure, with the first and last layers being Be. The stress of the multilayer is tensile and only +88 MPa, compared to +330 MPa of a Mo/Be multilayers of the same thickness. The Mo.sub.2 C/Be multilayer was capped with carbon which produced an increase in reflectivity of about 7% over a similar multilayer with no carbon capping material, thus raising the reflectivity from 58.3% to over 65%. The multilayers were formed using either Mo.sub.2 C or Be as the first and last layers, and initial testing has shown the formation of beryllium carbide at the interfaces between the layers which both stabilizes and has a smoothing effect, and appear to be smoother than the interfaces in Mo/Be multilayers.

  11. Effects of thermal treatment on the co-rolled U-Mo fuel foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis D. Keiser, Jr.; Tammy L. Trowbridge; Cynthia R. Breckenridge; Brady L. Mackowiak; Glenn A. Moore; Barry H. Rabin; Mitchell K. Meyer

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A monolithic fuel type is being developed to convert US high performance research and test reactors such as Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at Idaho National Laboratory from highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU). The interaction between the cladding and the U-Mo fuel meat during fuel fabrication and irradiation is known to have negative impacts on fuel performance, such as mechanical integrity and dimensional stability. In order to eliminate/minimize the direct interaction between cladding and fuel meat, a thin zirconium diffusion barrier was introduced between the cladding and U-Mo fuel meat through a co-rolling process. A complex interface between the zirconium and U-Mo was developed during the co-rolling process. A predictable interface between zirconium and U-Mo is critical to achieve good fuel performance since the interfaces can be the weakest link in the monolithic fuel system. A post co-rolling annealing treatment is expected to create a well-controlled interface between zirconium and U-Mo. A systematic study utilizing post co-rolling annealing treatment has been carried out. Based on microscopy results, the impacts of the annealing treatment on the interface between zirconium and U-Mo will be presented and an optima annealing treatment schedule will be suggested. The effects of the annealing treatment on the fuel performance will also be discussed.

  12. Photoluminescent BaMoO{sub 4} nanopowders prepared by complex polymerization method (CPM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azevedo Marques, Ana Paula de [Laboratorio de Analise Termica e Materiais, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil)]. E-mail: apamarques@liec.ufscar.br; Melo, Dulce M.A. de [Laboratorio de Analise Termica e Materiais, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil); Paskocimas, Carlos A. [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil); Pizani, Paulo S. [Laboratorio de Semicondutores, Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Joya, Miryam R. [Laboratorio de Semicondutores, Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Leite, Edson R. [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Eletroquimica e Ceramica, CMDMC, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos 13565-905, Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Longo, Elson [CMDMC, LIEC, Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 14801-907 Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The BaMoO{sub 4} nanopowders were prepared by the Complex Polymerization Method (CPM). The structure properties of the BaMoO{sub 4} powders were characterized by FTIR transmittance spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra, photoluminescence spectra (PL) and high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM). The XRD, FTIR and Raman data showed that BaMoO{sub 4} at 300 deg. C was disordered. At 400 deg. C and higher temperature, BaMoO{sub 4} crystalline scheelite-type phases could be identified, without the presence of additional phases, according to the XRD, FTIR and Raman data. The calculated average crystallite sizes, calculated by XRD, around 40 nm, showed the tendency to increase with the temperature. The crystallite sizes, obtained by HR-SEM, were around of 40-50 nm. The sample that presented the highest intensity of the red emission band was the one heat treated at 400 deg. C for 2 h, and the sample that displayed the highest intensity of the green emission band was the one heat treated at 700 deg. C for 2 h. The CPM was shown to be a low cost route for the production of BaMoO{sub 4} nanopowders, with the advantages of lower temperature, smaller time and reduced cost. The optical properties observed for BaMoO{sub 4} nanopowders suggested that this material is a highly promising candidate for photoluminescent applications.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of the ((CO)/sub 4/MoS/sub 2/MS/sub 2/)/sup 2 -/ and ((CO)/sub 4/MoS/sub 2/MS/sub 2/Mo(CO)/sub 4/)/sup 2 -/ ions (M = Mo, W): species containing group VI (6) metals in widely separated formal oxidation states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenhein, L.D.; McDonald, J.W.

    1987-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Dinuclear and trinuclear sulfide-bridged complexes of the types (Et/sub 4/N)/sub 2/(MS/sub 4/(Mo(CO)/sub 4/)) and (Et/sub 4/N)/sub 2/(MS/sub 4/(Mo(CO)/sub 4/)/sub 2/) were prepared by the reaction of one or two equivalents of Mo(CO)/sub 4/(C/sub 7/H/sub 8/) (C/sub 7/H/sub 8/ = norbornadiene) with (Et/sub 4/N)/sub 2/(MS/sub 4/) (M = Mo, W) in methyl alcohol. Elemental analyses were consistent with the proposed formulae. Infrared spectra of all four compounds contain strong bands in the carbonyl region and low-energy bands characteristic of terminal and bridging M-S vibrations in linear, polynuclear, and sulfido-bridged species. Electrochemical experimental results support the hypothesis that the di- and trinuclear species contain both M(IV) (M = Mo, W) and Mo(0) oxidation states in the same complex. 33 references, 2 tables.

  14. Food and Drug Administration process validation activities to support 99Mo production at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, M.J.; Bourcier, S.C.; Talley, D.G.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prior to 1989 {sup 99}Mo was produced in the US by a single supplier, Cintichem Inc., Tuxedo, NY. Because of problems associated with operating its facility, in 1989 Cintichem elected to decommission the facility rather than incur the costs for repair. The demise of the {sup 99}Mo capability at Cintichem left the US totally reliant upon a single foreign source, Nordion International, located in Ottawa Canada. In 1992 the DOE purchased the Cintichem {sup 99}Mo Production Process and Drug Master File (DMF). In 1994 the DOE funded Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) to produce {sup 99}Mo. Although Cintichem produced {sup 99}Mo and {sup 99m}Tc generators for many years, there was no requirement for process validation which is now required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In addition to the validation requirement, the requirements for current Good manufacturing Practices were codified into law. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process validation being conducted at SNL for the qualification of SNL as a supplier of {sup 99}Mo to US pharmaceutical companies.

  15. Evaluation of the Magnesium Hydroxide Treatment Process for Stabilizing PFP Plutonium/Nitric Acid Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, Mark A.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Baker, Aaron B.; Gano, Susan R.; Thornton, Brenda M.

    2000-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This document summarizes an evaluation of the magnesium hydroxide [Mg(OH)2] process to be used at the Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) for stabilizing plutonium/nitric acid solutions to meet the goal of stabilizing the plutonium in an oxide form suitable for storage under DOE-STD-3013-99. During the treatment process, nitric acid solutions bearing plutonium nitrate are neutralized with Mg(OH)2 in an air sparge reactor. The resulting slurry, containing plutonium hydroxide, is filtered and calcined. The process evaluation included a literature review and extensive laboratory- and bench-scale testing. The testing was conducted using cerium as a surrogate for plutonium to identify and quantify the effects of key processing variables on processing time (primarily neutralization and filtration time) and calcined product properties.

  16. Punchless Drawing of Magnesium Alloy Sheet under Cold Condition and its Computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamashita, Minoru [Center for Advanced Die Engineering and Technology, Gifu University, Yanagido Gifu, 501-1193 (Japan); Hattori, Toshio [Department of Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Gifu University, ditto. (Japan); Sato, Joji [Research Institute for Machinery and Materials, Gifu Prefectural Government, 1288 Oze Seki, 501-3265 (Japan)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The punchless drawing with Maslennikov's technique was applied to the circular cup drawing of magnesium alloy AZ31B sheet under cold condition. The elastic rubber ring was used instead of the 'hard' punch, where the compressed ring dragged the sheet inward the die cavity. Attainable circumferential strain of the blank was increased by this technique with repetitive drawing operation. Thickness of the rubber pad affected little the attainable strain. The shape appearance became better when a harder rubber was used. The cup forming by single drawing operation was also tested using a small die shoulder radius. The LDR of 1.250 was obtained with the straight cup wall. Further, the computation of the punchless drawing was also conducted for the single drawing operation. The computed deformation pattern was well consistent with the corresponding experimental result.

  17. Mechanistic study of methanol synthesis from CO? and H? on a modified model Mo?S? cluster

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Cheng [Yangzhou Univ., Yangzhou, Jiangsu (China); Liu, Ping [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the methanol synthesis from CO? and H? on metal (M = K, Ti, Co, Rh, Ni, and Cu)-modified model Mo?S? catalyst using density functional theory (DFT). The results show that the catalytic behavior of a Mo?S? cluster is changed significantly due to the modifiers, via the electron transfer from M to Mo?S? and therefore the reduction of the Mo cation (ligand effect) and the direct participation of M in the reaction (ensemble effect) to promote some elementary steps. With the most positively charged modifier, the ligand effect in the case of K-Mo?S? is the most obvious among the systems studied; however it cannot compete with the ensemble effect, which plays a dominate role in determining activity via the electrostatic attraction in particular to stabilize the CHxOy species adsorbed at the Mo sites of Mo?S?. In comparison, the ligand effect is weaker and the ensemble effect is more important when the other modifiers are used. In addition, the modifiers also vary the optimal reaction pathway for methanol synthesis on Mo?S?, ranging from the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) + CO hydrogenation as that of Mo?S? to the formate pathway. Finally, K is able to accelerate the methanol synthesis on Mo?S? the most; while the promotion by Rh is relatively small. Using the modifiers like Ti, Co, Ni, and Cu, the activity of Mo?S? is decreased instead. The relative stability between *HCOO and *HOCO is identified as a descriptor to capture the variation in mechanism and scales well with the estimated activity. Our study not only provides better understanding of the reaction mechanism and actives on the modified Mo?S?, but also predicts some possible candidates, which can be used a promoter to facilitate the CH?OH synthesis on Mo sulfides.

  18. Mechanistic study of methanol synthesis from CO? and H? on a modified model Mo?S? cluster

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Cheng; Liu, Ping

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the methanol synthesis from CO? and H? on metal (M = K, Ti, Co, Rh, Ni, and Cu)-modified model Mo?S? catalyst using density functional theory (DFT). The results show that the catalytic behavior of a Mo?S? cluster is changed significantly due to the modifiers, via the electron transfer from M to Mo?S? and therefore the reduction of the Mo cation (ligand effect) and the direct participation of M in the reaction (ensemble effect) to promote some elementary steps. With the most positively charged modifier, the ligand effect in the case of K-Mo?S? is the most obvious among themore »systems studied; however it cannot compete with the ensemble effect, which plays a dominate role in determining activity via the electrostatic attraction in particular to stabilize the CHxOy species adsorbed at the Mo sites of Mo?S?. In comparison, the ligand effect is weaker and the ensemble effect is more important when the other modifiers are used. In addition, the modifiers also vary the optimal reaction pathway for methanol synthesis on Mo?S?, ranging from the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) + CO hydrogenation as that of Mo?S? to the formate pathway. Finally, K is able to accelerate the methanol synthesis on Mo?S? the most; while the promotion by Rh is relatively small. Using the modifiers like Ti, Co, Ni, and Cu, the activity of Mo?S? is decreased instead. The relative stability between *HCOO and *HOCO is identified as a descriptor to capture the variation in mechanism and scales well with the estimated activity. Our study not only provides better understanding of the reaction mechanism and actives on the modified Mo?S?, but also predicts some possible candidates, which can be used a promoter to facilitate the CH?OH synthesis on Mo sulfides.« less

  19. Enriched Zn$^{100}$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers to search for $0 ? 2?$ decay of $^{100}$Mo with the LUMINEU experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash; D. M. Chernyak; F. A. Danevich; A. Giuliani; I. M. Ivanov; E. P. Makarov; M. Mancuso; S. Marnieros; S. G. Nasonov; C. Nones; E. Olivieri; G. Pessina; D. V. Poda; V. N. Shlegel; M. Tenconi; V. I. Tretyak; Ya. V. Vasiliev; M. Velazquez; V. N. Zhdankov

    2014-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The LUMINEU project aims at performing a demonstrator underground experiment searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of the isotope $^{100}$Mo embedded in zinc molybdate (ZnMoO$_4$) scintillating bolometers. In this context, a zinc molybdate crystal boule enriched in $^{100}$Mo to 99.5\\% with a mass of 171 g was grown for the first time by the low-thermal-gradient Czochralski technique. The production cycle provided a high yield (the crystal boule mass was 84\\% of initial charge) and an acceptable level -- around 4\\% -- of irrecoverable losses of the costy enriched material. Two crystals of 59 g and 63 g, obtained from the enriched boule, were tested aboveground at milli-Kelvin temperature as scintillating bolometers. They showed a high detection performance, equivalent to that of previously developed natural ZnMoO$_4$ detectors. These results pave the way to future sensitive searches based on the LUMINEU technology, capable to approach and explore the inverted hierarchy region of the neutrino mass pattern.

  20. Control of absorption of monolayer MoS$_{2}$ thin-film transistor in one-dimensional defective photonic crystal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Fang-Fang; Xiao, Wen-bo; Liu, Jiang-Tao; Liu, Nian-Hua

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The light absorption and transmission of monolayer MoS$_{2}$ in a one-dimensional defective photonic crystal (d-1DPC) is theoretically investigated. The study shows that the strong interference effect decreases photon density in particular areas of the microcavity. The d-1DPC can reduce light absorption of monolayer MoS$_{2}$ and enhance light transmission. The impact of monolayer MoS$_{2}$ light absorption on the localization effect of photon is investigated when monolayer MoS$_{2}$ and the organic light-emitting diode are located in the same microcavity. However, monolayer MoS$_{2}$ does not reduce the localization effect of light by regulating the position of monolayer MoS$_{2}$ in the microcavity.

  1. The effect of modifications of dietary fat, fiber and sodium with magnesium deficiency on serum lipids and minerals, tissue and femur minerals and femur load force 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, Cathlyn Ann

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF MODIFICATIONS OF DIETARY FAT, FIBER AND SODIUM WITH MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY ON SERUM LIPIDS AND MINERALS, TISSUE AND FEMUR MINERALS AND FEMUR LOAD FORCE A Thesis by CATHLYN ANN HOWE "Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies oz..." Texas A&M University partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Nutrition THE EFFECTS OF MODIFICATIONS OF DIETARY FAT, FIBER AND SODIUM WITH MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY ON SERUM LIPIDS...

  2. Mineral interactions and absorption in the equine digestive tract: calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium interaction with aluminum, and calcium digestibility of alfalfa in ponies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapusniak, Linda J.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MINERAL INTERACTIONS AND ABSORPTION IN THE EQUINE DIGESTIVE TRACT: CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, AND MAGNESIUM INTERACTION WITH ALUMINUM, AND CALCIUM DIGESTIBILITY OF ALFALFA IN PONIES A Thesis by LINDA J. KAPUSN IAK Subnitted to the Graduate College... of Texas ARM University. in partial fulfillment of the requirenent for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1987 Major Subject: Nutrition MINERAL INTER4CTIONS AND ABSORPTION IN THE EQUINE DIGESTIVE TR4CT: C4LCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, AND MAGNESIUM...

  3. An experimental investigation of the effect of sodium chloride on talc solubility and complexing of aqueous magnesium in supercritical hydrothermal fluids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grabman, Kenneth Bryan

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF SODIUM CHLORIDE ON TALC SOLUBILITY AND COMPLEXING OF AQUEOUS MAGNESIUM IN SUPERCRITICAL HYDROTHERMAL FLUIDS A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN GRABMAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas... MAGNESIUM IN SUPERCRITICAL HYDROTHERMAL FLUIDS A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN GRABMAN Approved as to style and content by: ~A. Robert K. Popp (Ch of Commi ee) Andrew Haj sh, Jr. (Member) Brann J son (Me ) J Span (Head o Department) December 1989...

  4. Effects of rhenium alloying on the microstructures and mechanical properties of directionally solidified NiAl-Mo eutectic alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Misra, A.; Wu, Z.L.; Gibala, R. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Low ductility of the reinforcing bcc metal phase at room temperature and weak interfaces can limit the intrinsic toughness and ductility of NiAl-bcc metal eutectic composites. The potential of rhenium (Re) addition, which is known to solid solution soften and lower the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature of various bcc metals, to enhance the ductility and toughness of a directionally solidified NiAl-9 at.% Mo eutectic alloy was investigated. Re partitioned to the bcc metal phase and formed a substitutional solid solution. The interface morphology was changed from a faceted to a non-faceted one. Re alloying caused softening of the Mo fibers, and as a result NiAl-Mo(Re) alloys were softer in compression and flexure and had {approximately}20% higher fracture toughness values as compared to the transverse orientation toughness of NiAl-9Mo alloy. The toughness of the NiAl-Mo(Re) alloys was lower than the longitudinal orientation toughness of the NiAl-9Mo alloy due to the poor alignment of the Mo(Re) phase with the growth direction. The toughening mechanisms have been evaluated and schemes for processing NiAl-Mo(Re) alloys for higher toughness in the longitudinal orientation are suggested. The role of the residual interstitial impurities and partitioning of Ni and Al to Mo fibers on the mechanical properties are highlighted.

  5. Method for the production of {sup 99m}Tc compositions from {sup 99}Mo-containing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, R.G.; Christian, J.D.; Grover, S.B.; Petti, D.A.; Terry, W.K.; Yoon, W.Y.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method is described for producing {sup 99m}Tc compositions from {sup 99}Mo compounds. {sup 100}Mo metal or {sup 100}MoO{sub 3} is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to ultimately produce {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}. This composition is then heated in a reaction chamber to form a pool of molten {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} with an optimum depth of 0.5--5 mm. A gaseous mixture thereafter evolves from the molten {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} which contains vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}, vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 3}, and vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 2}. This mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas (O{sub 2(g)}) to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} and vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled in a primary condensation stage in the reaction chamber to remove vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}. Cooling is undertaken at a specially-controlled rate to achieve maximum separation efficiency. The gaseous stream is then cooled in a sequential secondary condensation stage to convert vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} into a condensed {sup 99m}Tc-containing reaction product which is collected. 1 fig.

  6. Method for the production of .sup.99m Tc compositions from .sup.99 Mo-containing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Ralph G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Christian, Jerry D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Grover, S. Blaine (Idaho Falls, ID); Petti, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Terry, William K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Yoon, Woo Y. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method for producing .sup.99m Tc compositions from .sup.99 Mo compounds. .sup.100 Mo metal or .sup.100 MoO.sub.3 is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to ultimately produce .sup.99 MoO.sub.3. This composition is then heated in a reaction chamber to form a pool of molten .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 with an optimum depth of 0.5-5 mm. A gaseous mixture thereafter evolves from the molten .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 which contains vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3, vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.3, and vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.2. This mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas (O.sub.2(g)) to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7 and vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled in a primary condensation stage in the reaction chamber to remove vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3. Cooling is undertaken at a specially-controlled rate to achieve maximum separation efficiency. The gaseous stream is then cooled in a sequential secondary condensation stage to convert vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7 into a condensed .sup.99m Tc-containing reaction product which is collected.

  7. An in situ x-ray spectroscopic study of Mo?{sup +} speciation in supercritical aqueous solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Hao [Missouri State University, Springfield, MO (United States); Mayanovic, Robert A. [Missouri State University, Springfield, MO (United States); Anderson, Alan J. [St. Francis Xavier Univ., Antigonish, NS (Canada); Meredith, Peter R. [St. Francis Xavier Univ., Antigonish, NS (Canada)

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In situ XRF and Mo K-edge XAS measurements were made on the ID20-B beam line at the APS on MoO? in 1 M H?O? aqueous solution, at temperatures between 400 and 600 °C. The samples were analyzed using a modified Bassett-type hydrothermal diamond anvil cell. Our XRF measurements show that MoO? is highly soluble in the supercritical H?O? aqueous fluid. Analysis of XAS spectra shows that the Mo?{sup +} ion exhibits consistent speciation in the H?O? aqueous solution at temperatures ranging from 400 to 600 °C.

  8. Mechanical properties of MoS2/graphene heterostructures Jin-Wu Jiang and Harold S. Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the heterostructure is considerably smaller than the MoS2 due to lateral buckling of the outer graphene layers owning

  9. Displacement of the proton in hydrogen-bonded complexes of hydrogen fluoride by beryllium and magnesium ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDowell, Sean A. C. [Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus (Barbados)

    2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The displacement of the proton by a beryllium ion and by a magnesium ion from hydrogen-bonded complexes of hydrogen fluoride, of varying hydrogen bond strengths, was investigated theoretically using ab initio methods. Stable metal-containing species were obtained from all of the hydrogen-bonded complexes regardless of the strength of the hydrogen bond. It was found that the beryllium ion was energetically very effective in displacing the proton from hydrogen bonds, whereas the magnesium ion was unable to do so. The high stability of the beryllium-containing complexes is mainly due to the strong electrostatic bonding between the beryllium and fluoride atoms. This work supports the recent finding from a multidisciplinary bioinorganic study that beryllium displaces the proton in many strong hydrogen bonds.

  10. Abnormal macropore formation during double-sided gas tungsten arc welding of magnesium AZ91D alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen Jun [College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)], E-mail: shenjun2626@163.com; You Guoqiang; Long Siyuan [College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Pan Fusheng [College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major concerns during gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding of cast magnesium alloys is the presence of large macroporosity in weldments, normally thought to occur from the presence of gas in the castings. In this study, a double-sided GTA welding process was adopted to join wrought magnesium AZ91D alloy plates. Micropores were formed in the weld zone of the first side that was welded, due to precipitation of H{sub 2} as the mushy zone freezes. When the reverse side was welded, the heat generated caused the mushy zone in the initial weld to reform. The micropores in the initial weld then coalesced and expanded to form macropores by means of gas expansion through small holes that are present at the grain boundaries in the partially melted zone. Macropores in the partially melted zone increase with increased heat input, so that when a filler metal is used the macropores are smaller in number and in size.

  11. The effects of calcitic and dolomitic limestone rates and particle sizes on soil chemical changes, plant nutrient concentration, and yields of corn and Coastal bermudagrass on two acid Texas soils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haby, Vincent A

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    significantly increased Ca to 18 inches, while only the 6-ton/acre rate of fine dolomitic lime- stone increased Ca into the same depth. All dolomitic treatments increased Mg to 18-inch depths. Sampling deeper than 18 inches in the 6 ton/acre dolomitic fine... formed soluble salts with the NO and were leached down as Ca(ND ) Limestone treatments did not produce significant increases in yield of corn or Coastal bermudagrass. The no-lime plots produced 70 bushels of corn and 9. 2 tons of oven-dry Coastal...

  12. Elementary Steps of Syngas Reactions on Mo2C(001): Adsorption Thermochemistry and Bond Dissociation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medford, Andrew

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio thermodynamics are applied in order to investigate the most stable surface and subsurface terminations of Mo{sub 2}C(001) as a function of chemical potential and in the presence of syngas. The Mo-terminated (001) surface is then used as a model surface to evaluate the thermochemistry and energetic barriers for key elementary steps in syngas reactions. Adsorption energy scaling relations and Broensted-Evans-Polanyi relationships are established and used to place Mo{sub 2}C into the context of transition metal surfaces. The results indicate that the surface termination is a complex function of reaction conditions and kinetics. It is predicted that the surface will be covered by either C{sub 2}H{sub 2} or O depending on conditions. Comparisons to transition metals indicate that the Mo-terminated Mo{sub 2}C(001) surface exhibits carbon reactivity similar to transition metals such as Ru and Ir, but is significantly more reactive towards oxygen.

  13. TEM Characterization of High Burn-up Microstructure of U-7Mo Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jian Gan; Brandon Miller; Dennis Keiser; Adam Robinson; James Madden; Pavel Medvedev; Daniel Wachs

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As an essential part of global nuclear non-proliferation effort, the RERTR program is developing low enriched U-Mo fuels (< 20% U-235) for use in research and test reactors that currently employ highly enriched uranium fuels. One type of fuel being developed is a dispersion fuel plate comprised of U-7Mo particles dispersed in Al alloy matrix. Recent TEM characterizations of the ATR irradiated U-7Mo dispersion fuel plates include the samples with a local fission densities of 4.5, 5.2, 5.6 and 6.3 E+21 fissions/cm3 and irradiation temperatures of 101-136?C. The development of the irradiated microstructure of the U-7Mo fuel particles consists of fission gas bubble superlattice, large gas bubbles, solid fission product precipitates and their association to the large gas bubbles, grain subdivision to tens or hundreds of nanometer size, collapse of bubble superlattice, and amorphisation. This presentation will describe the observed microstructures specifically focusing on the U-7Mo fuel particles. The impact of the observed microstructure on the fuel performance and the comparison of the relevant features with that of the high burn-up UO2 fuels will be discussed.

  14. Beta. -MoO sub 3 produced from a novel freeze drying route

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parise, J.B. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook (United States)); McCarron, E.M. III (E.I. Dupont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Wilmington, DE (United States)); Von Dreele, R.; Goldstone, J.A. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Powdered samples of {beta}-MoO{sub 3} have been produced by the gentle heat treatment of freeze-dried molybdic acid at 350{degree}C for 1 hr. The samples, yellow-green in appearance, contained varying amounts of the thermodynamically stable {alpha}-MoO{sub 3}, depending upon the time and temperature of heat treatment. Neutron diffraction data were collected at 300 K. all peaks, not attributable to {alpha}-MoO{sub 3}, were indexed on the basis of a monoclinic cell, P2{sub 1}/c, {alpha} = 7.1228(7), b = 5.3660(6), c = 5.5665(6), {beta} = 92.01(1){degree}, V = 212.62(6){angstrom}{sup 3}. The structure, which is related to ReO{sub 3}, contains two crystallographically independent octahedra. Both show evidence of disorder at the Mo and O sites. Two distinct orientations of a short mo-O distance, suggestive of the type of molybdenyl bond observed in both the {alpha} and {beta}{prime}-forms, are primarily responsible for the observed disordering.

  15. Oxidation and creep behavior of Mo*5*Si*3* based materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, M.

    1995-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} shows promise as a high temperature creep resistant material. The high temperature oxidation resistance of Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} has been found to be poor, however, limiting its use in oxidizing atmospheres. Undoped Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} exhibits mass loss in the temperature range 800{degrees}-1200{degrees}C due to volatilization of molybdenum oxide, indicating that the silica scale does not provide a passivating layer. The addition of boron results in protective scale formation and parabolic oxidation kinetics in the temperature range of 1050{degrees}-1300{degrees}C. The oxidation rate of Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} was decreased by 5 orders of magnitude at 1200{degrees}C by doping with less than two weight percent boron. Boron doping eliminates catastrophic {open_quote}pest{close_quote} oxidation at 800{degrees}C. The mechanism for improved oxidation resistance of boron doped Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} is due to scale modification by boron.

  16. Liquid generation during sintering of Fe-3.5%Mo powder compacts with elemental boron additions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarasola, M.; Gomez-Acebo, T.; Castro, F

    2004-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanisms for liquid generation and the microstructural development during sintering of a Fe-3.5Mo-0.3B alloy were studied. Interrupted sintering experiments followed by water quenching from specific temperatures within the sintering cycle have been carried out. The influence of Mo, both, on the final microstructure and on the behaviour of boron prior to, during and after the formation of the liquid phase, was studied through observation of the quenched samples under LOM and SEM. The study shows that prior to the formation of the liquid phase, boron diffuses into the metallic particles forming inter and intragranular precipitates of the (Fe,Mo){sub 2}B type. At higher temperatures a continuous Fe/Mo/B liquid phase, with excellent wetting characteristics, is formed thus leading to near fully dense materials. The generation of the liquid is based on a eutectic reaction involving the mixed (Fe,Mo){sub 2}B borides previously formed. The development of the microstructure after liquid formation is described.

  17. Electrochemical properties of magnesium doped LiFePO{sub 4} cathode material prepared by sol–gel method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Xiaohui; Baek, Dong-Ho; Manuel, James; Heo, Min-Yeong; Yang, Rong [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Research Institute for Green Energy Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Research Institute for Green Energy Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Jong Keun; Ryu, Ho-Suk; Ahn, Hyo-Jun; Kim, Ki-Won [Department of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Kwon-Koo, E-mail: kkcho66@gnu.ac.kr [Department of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Jou-Hyeon, E-mail: jhahn@gnu.ac.kr [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Research Institute for Green Energy Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Research Institute for Green Energy Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, 900, Gajwa-dong, Jinju 600-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium doped Li{sub 1?2x}Mg{sub x}FePO{sub 4}/C (x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05) cathode materials were synthesized by sol–gel method, and the effect of magnesium doping as well as its content on the electrochemical properties for lithium batteries was also investigated{sub .} Their morphology was studied with field emission scanning electron microscope and Li{sub 1?2x}Mg{sub x}FePO{sub 4} materials showed the olivine phase without impurities. The thin carbon layer of Li{sub 1?2x}Mg{sub x}FePO{sub 4}/C was confirmed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The magnesium doped Li{sub 1?2x}Mg{sub x}FePO{sub 4}/C particles were smaller than those undoped. The Li{sub 1?2x}Mg{sub x}FePO{sub 4}/C materials showed better cycling behavior than undoped LiFePO{sub 4}, especially at high C-rate in which Li{sub 0.94}Mg{sub 0.03}FePO{sub 4}/C composition exhibited the best electrochemical properties.

  18. Atomistic full-band simulations of monolayer MoS{sub 2} transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Jiwon; Register, Leonard F.; Banerjee, Sanjay K. [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)] [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the transport properties of deeply scaled monolayer MoS{sub 2} n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs), using full-band ballistic quantum transport simulations, with an atomistic tight-binding Hamiltonian obtained from density functional theory. Our simulations suggest that monolayer MoS{sub 2} MOSFETs can provide near-ideal subthreshold slope, suppression of drain-induced barrier lowering, and gate-induced drain leakage. However, these full-band simulations exhibit limited transconductance. These ballistic simulations also exhibit negative differential resistance (NDR) in the output characteristics associated with the narrow width in energy of the lowest conduction band, but this NDR may be substantially reduced or eliminated by scattering in MoS{sub 2}.

  19. Highly conducting SrMoO{sub 3} thin films for microwave applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radetinac, Aldin, E-mail: aldin@oxide.tu-darmstadt.de; Mani, Arzhang; Ziegler, Jürgen; Alff, Lambert; Komissinskiy, Philipp, E-mail: komissinskiy@oxide.tu-darmstadt.de [Institute of Materials Science, TU Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Str. 2, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Melnyk, Sergiy; Nikfalazar, Mohammad; Zheng, Yuliang; Jakoby, Rolf [Institute for Microwave Engineering and Photonics, TU Darmstadt, Merckstraße 25, 64283 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the microwave resistance of highly conducting perovskite oxide SrMoO{sub 3} thin film coplanar waveguides. The epitaxial SrMoO{sub 3} thin films were grown by pulsed laser deposition and showed low mosaicity and smooth surfaces with a root mean square roughness below 0.3?nm. Layer-by-layer growth could be achieved for film thicknesses up to 400?nm as monitored by reflection high-energy electron diffraction and confirmed by X-ray diffraction. We obtained a constant microwave resistivity of 29???·cm between 0.1 and 20?GHz by refining the frequency dependence of the transmission coefficients. Our result shows that SrMoO{sub 3} is a viable candidate as a highly conducting electrode material for all-oxide microwave electronic devices.

  20. Time exposure performance of Mo-Au Gibbsian segregating alloys for extreme ultraviolet collector optics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qiu Huatan; Srivastava, Shailendra N.; Thompson, Keith C.; Neumann, Martin J.; Ruzic, David N

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Successful implementation of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography depends on research and progress toward minimizing collector optics degradation from intense plasma erosion and debris deposition. Thus studying the surface degradation process and implementing innovative methods, which could enhance the surface chemistry causing the mirrors to suffer less damage, is crucial for this technology development. A Mo-Au Gibbsian segregation (GS) alloy is deposited on Si using a dc dual-magnetron cosputtering system and the damage is investigated as a result of time dependent exposure in an EUV source. A thin Au segregating layer is maintained through segregation during exposure, even though overall erosion in the Mo-Au sample is taking place in the bulk. The reflective material, Mo, underneath the segregating layer is protected by this sacrificial layer, which is lost due to preferential sputtering. In addition to theoretical work, experimental results are presented on the effectiveness of the GS alloys to be used as potential EUV collector optics material.

  1. Neutrino-nucleus scattering of {sup 95,97}Mo and {sup 116}Cd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ydrefors, E. [Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Alba Nova University Center, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden and Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland); Almosly, W.; Suhonen, J. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland)

    2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate knowledge about the nuclear responses to supernova neutrinos for relevant nuclear targets is important both for neutrino detection and for astrophysical applications. In this paper we discuss the cross sections for the charged-current neutrino-nucleus scatterings off {sup 95,97}Mo and {sup 116}Cd. The microscopic quasiparticle-phonon model is adopted for the odd-even nuclei {sup 95,97}Mo. In the case of {sup 116}Cd we present cross sections both for the Bonn one-boson-exchange potential and self-consistent calculations based on modern Skyrme interactions.

  2. Characterization of metal contacts for two-dimensional MoS{sub 2} nanoflakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walia, Sumeet, E-mail: madhu.bhaskaran@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: kourosh.kalantar@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: sumeet.walia@rmit.edu.au; Balendhran, Sivacarendran; Sriram, Sharath; Bhaskaran, Madhu, E-mail: madhu.bhaskaran@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: kourosh.kalantar@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: sumeet.walia@rmit.edu.au [Functional Materials and Microsystems Research Group, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia) [Functional Materials and Microsystems Research Group, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); Wang, Yichao; Ab Kadir, Rosmalini; Sabirin Zoolfakar, Ahmad; Atkin, Paul; Zhen Ou, Jian; Kalantar-zadeh, Kourosh, E-mail: madhu.bhaskaran@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: kourosh.kalantar@rmit.edu.au, E-mail: sumeet.walia@rmit.edu.au [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia)

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    While layered materials are increasingly investigated for their potential in nanoelectronics, their functionality and efficiency depend on charge injection into the materials via metallic contacts. This work explores the characteristics of different metals (aluminium, tungsten, gold, and platinum) deposited on to nanostructured thin films made of two-dimensional (2D) MoS{sub 2} flakes. Metals are chosen based on their work functions relative to the electron affinity of MoS{sub 2}. It is observed, and analytically verified that lower work functions of the contact metals lead to smaller Schottky barrier heights and consequently higher charge carrier injection through the contacts.

  3. Evolution of level density step structures from 56,57-Fe to 96,97-Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Schiller; E. Tavukcu; L. A. Bernstein; P. E. Garrett; M. Guttormsen; M. Hjorth-Jensen; C. W. Johnson; G. E. Mitchell; J. Rekstad; S. Siem; A. Voinov; W. Younes

    2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Level densities have been extracted from primary gamma spectra for 56,57-Fe and 96,97-Mo nuclei using (3-He,alpha gamma) and (3-He,3-He') reactions on 57-Fe and 97-Mo targets. The level density curves reveal step structures above the pairing gap due to the breaking of nucleon Cooper pairs. The location of the step structures in energy and their shapes arise from the interplay between single-particle energies and seniority-conserving and seniority-non-conserving interactions.

  4. Non-LTE Abundances of Magnesium, Aluminum and Sulfur in OB Stars Near the Solar Circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Daflon; K. Cunha; V. V. Smith; K. Butler

    2002-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-LTE abundances of magnesium, aluminum and sulfur are derived for a sample of 23 low-v \\sin i stars belonging to six northern OB associations of the Galactic disk within 1 kpc of the Sun. The abundances are obtained from the fitting of synthetic line profiles to high resolution spectra. A comparison of our results with HII region abundances indicates good agreement for sulfur while the cepheid abundances are higher. The derived abundances of Mg show good overlap with the cepheid results. The aluminum abundances for OB stars are significantly below the cepheid values. But, the OB star results show a dependence with effective temperature and need further investigation. The high Al abundances in the cepheids could be the result of mixing. A discussion of the oxygen abundance in objects near the solar circle suggests that the current mean galactic oxygen abundance in this region is 8.6-8.7 and in agreement with the recently revised oxygen abundance in the solar photosphere. Meaningful comparisons of the absolute S, Al and Mg abundances in OB stars with the Sun must await a reinvestigation of these elements, as well as the meteoritic reference element Si, with 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres for the Sun. No abundance gradients are found within the limited range in galactocentric distances in the present study. Such variations would be expected only if there were large metallicity gradients in the disk.

  5. Magnesium and Manganese Silicides For Efficient And Low Cost Thermo-Electric Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trivedi, Sudhir B. [Brimrose Technology Corporation; Kutcher, Susan W. [Brimrose Technology Corporation; Rosemeier, Cory A. [Brimrose Technology Corporation; Mayers, David [Brimrose Technology Corporation; Singh, Jogender [Pennsylvania State University

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermoelectric Power Generation (TEPG) is the most efficient and commercially deployable power generation technology for harvesting wasted heat from such things as automobile exhausts, industrial furnaces, and incinerators, and converting it into usable electrical power. We investigated the materials magnesium silicide (Mg2Si) and manganese silicide (MnSi) for TEG. MgSi2 and MnSi are environmentally friendly, have constituent elements that are abundant in the earth's crust, non-toxic, lighter and cheaper. In Phase I, we successfully produced Mg2Si and MnSi material with good TE properties. We developed a novel technique to synthesize Mg2Si with good crystalline quality, which is normally very difficult due to high Mg vapor pressure and its corrosive nature. We produced n-type Mg2Si and p-type MnSi nanocomposite pellets using FAST. Measurements of resistivity and voltage under a temperature gradient indicated a Seebeck coefficient of roughly 120 V/K on average per leg, which is quite respectable. Results indicated however, that issues related to bonding resulted in high resistivity contacts. Determining a bonding process and bonding material that can provide ohmic contact from room temperature to the operating temperature is an essential part of successful device fabrication. Work continues in the development of a process for reproducibly obtaining low resistance electrical contacts.

  6. Polymer Stable Magnesium Nanocomposites Prepared by Laser Ablation for Efficient Hydrogen Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makridis, S S; Panagakos, G; Kikkinides, E S; Stubos, A K; Wagener, P; Barcikowski, S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen is a promising alternative energy carrier that can potentially facilitate the transition from fossil fuels to sources of clean energy because of its prominent advantages such as high energy density (142 MJ per kg), great variety of potential sources (for example water, biomass, organic matter), and low environmental impact (water is the sole combustion product). However, due to its light weight, the efficient storage of hydrogen is still an issue investigated intensely. Various solid media have been considered in that respect among which magnesium hydride stands out as a candidate offering distinct advantages. Recent theoretical work indicates that MgH2 becomes less thermodynamically stable as particle diameter decreases below 2 nm. Our DFT (density functional theory) modeling studies have shown that the smallest enthalpy change, corresponding to 2 unit-cell thickness (1.6 {\\AA} Mg/3.0{\\AA} MgH2) of the film, is 57.7 kJ/molMg. This enthalpy change is over 10 kJ per molMg smaller than that of the bulk...

  7. Background radioactivity of construction materials, raw substance and ready-made CaMoO4 crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busanov, O A; Gavriljuk, Yu M; Gezhaev, A M; Kazalov, V V; Kornoukhov, V N; Kuzminov, V V; Moseev, P S; Panasenko, S I; Ratkevich, S S; Yakimenko, S P

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of measurements of natural radioactive isotopes content in different source materials of natural and enriched composition used for CaMoO4 scintillation crystal growing are presented. The crystals are to be used in the experiment to search for double neutrinoless betas-decay of Mo-100.

  8. Pseudo-elastic deformation behavior in a Ti/Mo-based alloy , M. Aindow a,*, S.P. Alpay a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    , and are increasingly finding applications in aerospace, oil well systems and automotive parts [1]. Alloys in the metaPseudo-elastic deformation behavior in a Ti/Mo-based alloy T. Zhou a , M. Aindow a,*, S.P. Alpay 2003 Abstract It is shown that the pseudo-elastic response in a series of Ti­Mo­V­Nb­Al alloys with 8

  9. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin "lms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockett, Angus

    Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin, As ngstro( m Solar Center, P.O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden Department of Materials Science Mo thin "lms used as back contacts for Cu(In,Ga)Se solar cells. The samples were analysed

  10. Ultra-thin Titanium Oxide Films on Accession #s 00936, 00937,00938 Mo(112), Measured by XPS Technique: XPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    Ultra-thin Titanium Oxide Films on Accession #s 00936, 00937,00938 Mo(112), Measured by XPS preparation methods were employed to grow a well-ordered ultra-thin titanium oxide film on Mo(J (2), The tirst: photoemission; titanium oxide; tllin film PACS: 81.15.Gh. 79,60.Dp SPECIMEN DESCRIPTION (Accession #00936) Host

  11. Giant Two-Photon Absorption Coefficient and Frequency Up-Converted Luminescence in Monolayer MoS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanxin; Zhang, Saifeng; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Feng, Yanyan; Wang, Kangpeng; Zhang, Long; Wang, Jun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strong two-photon absorption (TPA) in monolayer MoS2 is demonstrated in contrast to saturable absorption (SA) in multilayer MoS2 under the excitation of femtosecond laser pulses in the near infrared region. MoS2 in the forms of monolayer single crystal and multilayer triangular islands are grown on either quartz or SiO2/Si by employing the seeding method through chemistry vapor deposition. The nonlinear transmission measurements reveal that monolayer MoS2 possesses a giant nonsaturation TPA coefficient, larger than that of conventional semiconductors. As a result of TPA, two-photon pumped frequency up-converted luminescence is observed directly in the monolayer MoS2. For the multilayer MoS2, the SA response is demonstrated with the ratio of the excited-state absorption cross section to ground-state cross section of 0.18. In addition, the laser damage threshold of the monolayer MoS2 is 97 GW/cm2, larger than that of the multilayer MoS2 of 78 GW/cm2.

  12. High blue-near ultraviolet photodiode response of vertically stacked graphene-MoS{sub 2}-metal heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wi, Sungjin; Chen, Mikai; Nam, Hongsuk; Liu, Amy C.; Meyhofer, Edgar; Liang, Xiaogan, E-mail: xiaoganl@umich.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study on the photodiode response of vertically stacked graphene/MoS{sub 2}/metal heterostructures in which MoS{sub 2} layers are doped with various plasma species. In comparison with undoped heterostructures, such doped ones exhibit significantly improved quantum efficiencies in both photovoltaic and photoconductive modes. This indicates that plasma-doping-induced built-in potentials play an important role in photocurrent generation. As compared to indium-tin-oxide/ MoS{sub 2}/metal structures, the presented graphene/MoS{sub 2}/metal heterostructures exhibit greatly enhanced quantum efficiencies in the blue-near ultraviolet region, which is attributed to the low density of recombination centers at graphene/MoS{sub 2} heterojunctions. This work advances the knowledge for making photo-response devices based on layered materials.

  13. Single-layer MoS{sub 2} roughness and sliding friction quenching by interaction with atomically flat substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quereda, J. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Castellanos-Gomez, A. [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Agraït, N. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, IMDEA-Nanociencia, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales Nicolás Cabrera, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Rubio-Bollinger, G., E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales Nicolás Cabrera, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally study the surface roughness and the lateral friction force in single-layer MoS{sub 2} crystals deposited on different substrates: SiO{sub 2}, mica, and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). Roughness and sliding friction measurements are performed by atomic force microscopy. We find a strong dependence of the MoS{sub 2} roughness on the underlying substrate material, being h-BN the substrate which better preserves the flatness of the MoS{sub 2} crystal. The lateral friction also lowers as the roughness decreases, and attains its lowest value for MoS{sub 2} flakes on h-BN substrates. However, it is still higher than for the surface of a bulk MoS{sub 2} crystal, which we attribute to the deformation of the flake due to competing tip-to-flake and flake-to-substrate interactions.

  14. BBA Electives: M&O Comparison Compiled 11/11/09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    University ­ Marriott Organizational Development and Change Teams and Work Groups Human Resource Management Compensation Management Labor Relations and Conflict Management Staffing Organizations Motivation and Work MIT1 BBA Electives: M&O Comparison Compiled 11/11/09 University of Michigan ­ Ross School Management

  15. EIS-0475: Disposition of the Bannister Federal Complex, Kansas City, MO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NNSA/DOE announces its intent to prepare an EIS for the disposition of the Bannister Federal Complex, Kansas City, MO. NNSA previously decided in a separate NEPA review (EA-1592) to relocate its operations from the Bannister Federal Complex to a newly constructed industrial campus eight miles from the current location.

  16. MoDPepInt: An interactive webserver for prediction of modular domain-peptide interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brendel, Volker

    MoDPepInt: An interactive webserver for prediction of modular domain-peptide interactions-Supervised Prediction of SH2-Peptide Interactions from Imbalanced High-Throughput Data PLoS One, 8(5), pp. e62732, 2013-peptide interaction prediction with an application to human SH3 domains Bioinformatics, 29(13), pp. i335-i343, 2013

  17. On the Higher-Order MoM-PO Electromagnetic Modeling of Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notaros, Branislav M.

    vehicles (cars, airplanes, helicopters, spacecraft, etc.). From the electromagnetic point of view and accurate higher-order, large-domain hybrid computational technique based on the method of moments (Mo the efficiency and accuracy of the hybrid higher-order computational technique and its advantages over

  18. Enriched Zn$^{100}$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers to search for $0 \

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barabash, A S; Danevich, F A; Giuliani, A; Ivanov, I M; Makarov, E P; Mancuso, M; Marnieros, S; Nasonov, S G; Nones, C; Olivieri, E; Pessina, G; Poda, D V; Shlegel, V N; Tenconi, M; Tretyak, V I; Vasiliev, Ya V; Velazquez, M; Zhdankov, V N

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LUMINEU project aims at performing a demonstrator underground experiment searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of the isotope $^{100}$Mo embedded in zinc molybdate (ZnMoO$_4$) scintillating bolometers. In this context, a zinc molybdate crystal boule enriched in $^{100}$Mo to 99.5\\% with a mass of 171 g was grown for the first time by the low-thermal-gradient Czochralski technique. The production cycle provided a high yield (the crystal boule mass was 84\\% of initial charge) and an acceptable level -- around 4\\% -- of irrecoverable losses of the costy enriched material. Two crystals of 59 g and 63 g, obtained from the enriched boule, were tested aboveground at milli-Kelvin temperature as scintillating bolometers. They showed a high detection performance, equivalent to that of previously developed natural ZnMoO$_4$ detectors. These results pave the way to future sensitive searches based on the LUMINEU technology, capable to approach and explore the inverted hierarchy region of the neutrino mass p...

  19. Molecular Adsorption to LiMo3Se3 Nanowire Film Chemiresistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Shirley

    Molecular Adsorption to LiMo3Se3 Nanowire Film Chemiresistors Xiubin Qi, Frank E. Osterloh,*, S. A that the temporal and steady-state resistance changes of the films depend on the time following the adsorption and on the number of molecules that adsorb to the nanowire films at a given pressure. The adsorption ability

  20. Investigation of Double Beta Decay of 100Mo to Excited States of 100Ru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. J. Caffrey; The NEMO-3 Collaboration

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Double beta decay of 100Mo to the excited states of daughter nuclei has been studied using a 600 cm3 low-background HPGe detector and an external source consisting of 2588 g of 97.5% enriched metallic 100Mo, which was formerly inside the NEMO-3 detector and used for the NEMO-3 measurements of 100Mo. The half-life for the two-neutrino double beta decay of 100Mo to the excited View the MathML source state in 100Ru is measured to be T1/2=[7.5±0.6(stat)±0.6(syst)]·1020 yr. For other (0?+2?) transitions to the View the MathML source, View the MathML source, View the MathML source, View the MathML source and View the MathML source levels in 100Ru, limits are obtained at the level of ~(0.25–1.1)·1022 yr.

  1. Magnetic cluster excitations in the antiferromagnetic phase of a-MnMoO4 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochsenbein, Stefan T; Chaboussant, Gregory; Sieber, Andreas; Gudel, Hans U; Janssen, Stefan; Furrer, Albert; Attfield, J. Paul

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tetramer-based compound a-MnMoO4 exhibits four prominent peaks in the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectrum between 0.5 and 2.0 meV below 10 K. They are assigned to magnetic excitations of the (Mn2+)4 rhombus ...

  2. Irradiation Performance of U-Mo Alloy Based ‘Monolithic’ Plate-Type Fuel – Design Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. B. Robinson; G. S. Chang; D. D. Keiser, Jr.; D. M. Wachs; D. L. Porter

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A down-selection process has been applied to the U-Mo fuel alloy based monolithic plate fuel design, supported by irradiation testing of small fuel plates containing various design parameters. The irradiation testing provided data on fuel performance issues such as swelling, fuel-cladding interaction (interdiffusion), blister formation at elevated temperatures, and fuel/cladding bond quality and effectiveness. U-10Mo (wt%) was selected as the fuel alloy of choice, accepting a somewhat lower uranium density for the benefits of phase stability. U-7Mo could be used, with a barrier, where the trade-off for uranium density is critical to nuclear performance. A zirconium foil barrier between fuel and cladding was chosen to provide a predictable, well-bonded, fuel-cladding interface, allowing little or no fuel-cladding interaction. The fuel plate testing conducted to inform this selection was based on the use of U-10Mo foils fabricated by hot co-rolling with a Zr foil. The foils were subsequently bonded to Al-6061 cladding by hot isostatic pressing or friction stir bonding.

  3. Lithium Intercalation in Graphene/MoS2 Composites: First-Principles Insights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiji; Pang, Rui; Shi, Xingqiang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a storage material for Li-ion batteries, graphene/molybdenum disulfide (Gr/MoS2) composites have been intensively studied in experiments. But the relevant theoretical works from first-principles are lacking. In the current work, van-der-Waals-corrected density functional theory calculations are performed to investigate the interaction of Li in Gr/MoS2 composites. Three interesting features are revealed for the intercalated Gr/Li(n)/MoS2 composites (n = 1 to 9). One is the reason for large Li storage capacity of Gr/MoS2: due to the binding energies per Li atom increase with the increasing number of intercalated Li atoms. Secondly, the band gap opening of Gr is found, and the band gap is enlarged with the increasing number of intercalated Li atoms, up to 160 meV with nine Li; hence these results suggest an efficient way to tune the band gap of graphene. Thirdly, the Dirac cone of Gr always preserve for different number of ionic bonded Li atoms.

  4. This is MoFo. Scientific/Technical Patent Analysts/Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    This is MoFo. Scientific/Technical Patent Analysts/Agents (Los Angeles, CA; McLean, VA; Palo Alto level patent analysts/agents for our Los Angeles, Palo Alto, San Diego and San Francisco offices of business strategies. Patent analysts/agents participate in domestic and foreign patent prosecution

  5. 2008 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium St. Louis MO USA, September 21-23, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havens, Timothy

    2008 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium St. Louis MO USA, September 21-23, 2008 Roach Infestation of the PSO algorithm, entitled Roach Infestation Optimization (RIO), that is inspired by recent discoveries discoveries in the behavior of cockroaches are the inspiration for our proposed algorithm, Roach Infestation

  6. Safety Analysis Using Coloured Petri Nets Seung Mo Cho, Hyoung Seok Hong, and Sung Deok Cha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as an example. 1. Introduction Software control in safety-critical systems such as aerospace, military, nuclearSafety Analysis Using Coloured Petri Nets Seung Mo Cho, Hyoung Seok Hong, and Sung Deok Cha Department of Computer Science Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) 373-1, Kusong

  7. A Network Model and Computational Approach Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    A Network Model and Computational Approach for the 99 Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine Ladimer S. Nagurney1 and Anna Nagurney2 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University University of Massachusetts - Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Fall 2011 Joint Meeting Of The New England

  8. ZnMoO4: a promising bolometer for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; S. Capelli; L. Cardani; N. Casali; I. Dafinei; S. Di Domizio; F. Ferroni; E. N. Galashov; L. Gironi; F. Orio; L. Pattavina; G. Pessina; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; V. N. Shlegel; Ya. V. Vasilyev; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the performances of two ZnMoO4 scintillating crystals operated as bolometers, in view of a next generation experiment to search the neutrinoless double beta decay of Mo-100. We present the results of the alpha vs beta/gamma discrimination, obtained through the scintillation light as well as through the study of the shape of the thermal signal alone. The discrimination capability obtained at the 2615 keV line of Tl-208 is 8 sigma, using the heat-light scatter plot, while it exceeds 20 sigma using the shape of the thermal pulse alone. The achieved FWHM energy resolution ranges from 2.4 keV (at 238 keV) to 5.7 keV (at 2615 keV). The internal radioactive contaminations of the ZnMoO4 crystals were evaluated through a 407 hours background measurement. The obtained limit is < 32 microBq/kg for Th-228 and Ra-226. These values were used for a Monte Carlo simulation aimed at evaluating the achievable background level of a possible, future array of enriched ZnMoO4 crystals.

  9. Interlayer growth in Mo/B{sub 4}C multilayered structures upon thermal annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyabero, S. L.; Kruijs, R. W. E. van de; Yakshin, A. E.; Zoethout, E.; Bosgra, J.; Loch, R. A. [FOM Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER), P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Blanckenhagen, G. von [Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Rudolf-Eber-Strasse 2, 73447 Oberkochen (Germany); Bijkerk, F. [FOM Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER), P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

    2013-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Both multilayer period thickness expansion and compaction were observed in Mo/B{sub 4}C multilayers upon annealing, and the physical causes for this were explored in detail. Using in situ time-dependent grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry, period changes down to picometer-scale were resolved. It was shown that the changes depend on the thickness of the B{sub 4}C layers, annealing temperature, and annealing time. Although strong stress relaxation during annealing was observed, it was excluded as a cause for period expansion. Auger electron spectroscopy and wide angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed the growth of interlayers, with associated period changes influenced by the supply of B and C atoms to the growing compound interlayers. For multilayers with a Mo thickness of 3 nm, two regimes were recognized, depending on the deposited B{sub 4}C thickness: in multilayers with B{sub 4}C {<=} 1.5 nm, the supply of additional Mo into the already formed MoB{sub x}C{sub y} interlayer was dominant and led to densification, resulting in period compaction. For multilayers with B{sub 4}C {>=} 2 nm, the B and C enrichment of interlayers formed low density compounds and yielded period expansion.

  10. TURBO EQUALIZATIONWITH AN UNKNOWN CHANNEL SeongwookSong', Andrew C. Singer2,Koeng-MoSun?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Andrew C

    TURBO EQUALIZATIONWITH AN UNKNOWN CHANNEL SeongwookSong', Andrew C. Singer2,Koeng-MoSun? l t 2Univ the method of turbo equalization originally de- veloped by Douillard, et al. [3]. In its original form, turbo and without training data. The resultingjoint channeland data estimator is shown to outperform standard turbo

  11. TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211 The. The EMC houses two field emission SEM's, a Hitachi cold-field SEM (S-4700) and a FEI thermal FE SEM imaging and chemical analysis from their SEM/EDS systems. AdditionalSupportby: FormoreInformationortoregistergoto:http://www.emc

  12. RobeRt & LauRie bean taishoff inciting a MoRe incLusive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    RobeRt & LauRie bean taishoff inciting a MoRe incLusive coLLege caMpus syRacuse univeRsity scho. Thanks to her expertise--and the generosity of Robert Taishoff '86 and Laurie Bean Taishoff '84--the

  13. Incremental Development for Automotive Software in AutoMoDe Andreas Bauer1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Peter

    Incremental Development for Automotive Software in AutoMoDe Andreas Bauer1 Jan Romberg1 Bernhard Validas AG 3 ETAS GmbH 4 PMSF IT Consulting 5 Robert Bosch GmbH Abstract Automotive software development. To facilitate the design and evolution of heterogeneous automotive software, suitable views for each level

  14. Interaction Layer Characteristics in U-xMo Dispersion/Monolithic Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. L. Porter

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Published data concerning the interaction layer (IL) formed between U-xMo fuel alloy and aluminum (Al)-based matrix or cladding materials was reviewed, including the effects of silicon (Si) content in the matrix/cladding, molybdenum (Mo) content in the fuel, pre irradiation thermal treatments, irradiation, and test temperature. The review revealed that tests conducted in the laboratory produce results different from those conducted in an irradiation environment. However, the laboratory testing relates well to thermal treatments performed prior to irradiation and helps in understanding the effects that these pre irradiation treatments have on in reactor performance. A pre-formed, Si-enriched IL seems to be important in delaying the onset of rapid growth of fission gas bubbles at low irradaiiation temperatures. Several other conclusions can be drawn: 1. An IL with phases akin to UAl3 is desired for optimum fuel performance, but at low temperatures, and especially in an irradiation atmosphere, the desired (Al+Si)/(U+Mo) ratio of three is difficult to produce. When the fuel operating temperature is low, it is important to create a pre-irradiation IL, enriched in Si. This pre-formed IL is relatively stable, performs well in terms of swelling resistance, and prevents rapid IL growth during irradiation. 2. At higher operating temperatures (>150–170°C), IL formation in reactor may not be so dependent on pre-irradiation IL formation, especially at high burnup; a pre-fabricated IL seems to be less stable at high burnup and high operating temperature. Moreover, the (Al+SI)/(U+Mo) ratio of three occurs more often at higher temperature. For these two reasons, it is important at high operating temperature to also have a matrix with significant Si content to create an IL in reactor with the right characteristics. 3. Out-of-reactor testing seems to indicate that Si in the matrix material is required in some concentration (2%, 5%, ?) to provide for a thin, Si-enriched IL formed before irradiation of a fuel plate. It ensures that the IL contains beneficial phases, or prevents formation of some known to promote poor fuel performance. Significant progress has been made in determining the desired characteristics of the IL. 4. The use of a fuel with stable gamma phase appears to allow more predictable performance regarding both a beneficial pre-irradiation layer, and the fuel performance (low swelling) to high burnup. Destabilization of the gamma phase may create problems with IL breakaway growth. 5. A theory whereby prevention of the U6Mo4Al43 complex phase in interaction layers formed during fabrication may be a key to good irradiation performance. Si additions to the matrix allow for solubility of Mo in the desirable (U,Mo)(Al,Si)3 or perhaps (U,Mo)(Al,Si)4 phase, helping to prevent formation of the complex phase. Keeping alloy Mo content as low as possible may also help so long as decomposition does not occur in fabrication, forcing Mo into the interaction layer. This theory may explain a number of apparent anomalies observed in testing results. 6. More work is needed in order to prescribe the conditions to best produce a beneficial IL. Another necessity is a better understanding of any correlation between beneficial characteristics of the pre-fabricated IL and the irradiation conditions to which it will be subjected.

  15. First-principles study of the interfacial adhesion between SiO2 and MoSi2 D. E. Jiang1 and Emily A. Carter2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Emily A.

    the energy efficiency and per- formance of gas turbine engines requires structural materials able to operate on MoSi2, a potential high-temperature coating material for metals. This silica scale protects MoSi2 the potential of MoSi2 as a high-temperature structural material and coating. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72

  16. The carburization of transition metal molybdates (MxMoO?, M= Cu, Ni or Co) and the generation of highly active metal/carbide catalysts for CO? hydrogenation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rodriguez, Jose A.; Xu, Wenqian; Ramirez, Pedro J.; Stachiola, Dario; Brito, Joaquin L.

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A new approach has been tested for the preparation of metal/Mo?C catalysts using mixed-metal oxide molybdates as precursors. Synchrotron-based in situ time-resolved X-ray diffraction was used to study the reduction and carburization processes of Cu?(MoO?)?(OH)?, a-NiMoO? and CoMoO?•nH?O by thermal treatment under mixtures of hydrogen and methane. In all cases, the final product was ?-Mo?C and a metal phase (Cu, Ni, or Co), but the transition sequence varied with the different metals, and it could be related to the reduction potential of the Cu²?, Ni²? and Co²? cations inside each molybdate. The synthesized Cu/Mo?C, Ni/Mo?C and Co/Mo?C catalysts were highlymore »active for the hydrogenation of CO?. The metal/Mo?C systems exhibited large variations in the selectivity towards methanol, methane and CnH?n?? (n > 2) hydrocarbons depending on the nature of the supported metal and its ability to cleave C-O bonds. Cu/Mo?C displayed a high selectivity for CO and methanol production. Ni/Mo?C and Co/Mo?C were the most active catalysts for the activation and full decomposition of CO?, showing high selectivity for the production of methane (Ni case) and CnH?n?? (n > 2) hydrocarbons (Co case).« less

  17. METALS AND MATERIALS International, Vol. 13, No. 6 (2007), pp. 463~468 Comparative Study on Mechanical Properties of MoSiN Multilayer Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -grown MoSiN thin films, argon and nitrogen plasmas ignited by RF and pulse DC under vacuum conditions were) and Ti-covered Si(100) substrates, as well as silicon nitride substrates. Titanium and its alloy have of a MoSi2 source in the presence of nitrogen plasma and MoSiN films have shown good thermal stability

  18. The carburization of transition metal molybdates (MxMoO?, M= Cu, Ni or Co) and the generation of highly active metal/carbide catalysts for CO? hydrogenation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rodriguez, Jose A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Xu, Wenqian [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Ramirez, Pedro J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Univ. Central De Venezuela, Caracas (Venesuela); Stachiola, Dario [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Brito, Joaquin L. [Inst. Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, Caracas (Venezuela)

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A new approach has been tested for the preparation of metal/Mo?C catalysts using mixed-metal oxide molybdates as precursors. Synchrotron-based in situ time-resolved X-ray diffraction was used to study the reduction and carburization processes of Cu?(MoO?)?(OH)?, a-NiMoO? and CoMoO?•nH?O by thermal treatment under mixtures of hydrogen and methane. In all cases, the final product was ?-Mo?C and a metal phase (Cu, Ni, or Co), but the transition sequence varied with the different metals, and it could be related to the reduction potential of the Cu²?, Ni²? and Co²? cations inside each molybdate. The synthesized Cu/Mo?C, Ni/Mo?C and Co/Mo?C catalysts were highly active for the hydrogenation of CO?. The metal/Mo?C systems exhibited large variations in the selectivity towards methanol, methane and CnH?n?? (n > 2) hydrocarbons depending on the nature of the supported metal and its ability to cleave C-O bonds. Cu/Mo?C displayed a high selectivity for CO and methanol production. Ni/Mo?C and Co/Mo?C were the most active catalysts for the activation and full decomposition of CO?, showing high selectivity for the production of methane (Ni case) and CnH?n?? (n > 2) hydrocarbons (Co case).

  19. Processing, Microstructure and Creep Behavior of Mo-Si-B-Based Intermetallic Alloys for Very High Temperature Structural Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vijay Vasudevan

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project is concerned with developing a fundamental understanding of the effects of processing and microstructure on the creep behavior of refractory intermetallic alloys based on the Mo-Si-B system. In the first part of this project, the compression creep behavior of a Mo-8.9Si-7.71B (in at.%) alloy, at 1100 and 1200 C was studied, whereas in the second part of the project, the constant strain rate compression behavior at 1200, 1300 and 1400 C of a nominally Mo-20Si-10B (in at.%) alloy, processed such as to yield five different {alpha}-Mo volume fractions ranging from 5 to 46%, was studied. In order to determine the deformation and damage mechanisms and rationalize the creep/high temperature deformation data and parameters, the microstructure of both undeformed and deformed samples was characterized in detail using x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with back scattered electron imaging (BSE) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD)/orientation electron microscopy in the SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The microstructure of both alloys was three-phase, being composed of {alpha}-Mo, Mo{sub 3}Si and T2-Mo{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} phases. The values of stress exponents and activation energies, and their dependence on microstructure were determined. The data suggested the operation of both dislocation as well as diffusional mechanisms, depending on alloy, test temperature, stress level and microstructure. Microstructural observations of post-crept/deformed samples indicated the presence of many voids in the {alpha}-Mo grains and few cracks in the intermetallic particles and along their interfaces with the {alpha}-Mo matrix. TEM observations revealed the presence of recrystallized {alpha}-Mo grains and sub-grain boundaries composed of dislocation arrays within the grains (in Mo-8.9Si-7.71B) or fine sub-grains with a high density of b = 1/2<111> dislocations (in Mo-20Si-10B), which are consistent with the values of the respective stress exponents and activation energies that were obtained and provide confirmatory evidence for the operation of diffusional (former alloy) or dislocation (latter alloy) creep mechanisms. In contrast, the intermetallic phases contained very few dislocations, but many cracks. The relative contributions of the {alpha}-Mo and the intermetallic particles to the overall deformation process, including their individual and collective dependence on temperature and strain rate are discussed in light of the present results and those from previous reports.

  20. Modeling of Interaction Layer Growth Between U-Mo Particles and an Al Matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeon Soo Kim; G. L. Hofman; Ho Jin Ryu; Jong Man Park; A. B. Robinson; D. M. Wachs

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interaction layer growth between U-Mo alloy fuel particles and Al in a dispersion fuel is a concern due to the volume expansion and other unfavorable irradiation behavior of the interaction product. To reduce interaction layer (IL) growth, a small amount of Si is added to the Al. As a result, IL growth is affected by the Si content in the Al matrix. In order to predict IL growth during fabrication and irradiation, empirical models were developed. For IL growth prediction during fabrication and any follow-on heating process before irradiation, out-of-pile heating test data were used to develop kinetic correlations. Two out-of-pile correlations, one for the pure Al matrix and the other for the Al matrix with Si addition, respectively, were developed, which are Arrhenius equations that include temperature and time. For IL growth predictions during irradiation, the out-of-pile correlations were modified to include a fission-rate term to consider fission enhanced diffusion, and multiplication factors to incorporate the Si addition effect and the effect of the Mo content. The in-pile correlation is applicable for a pure Al matrix and an Al matrix with the Si content up to 8 wt%, for fuel temperatures up to 200 degrees C, and for Mo content in the range of 6 – 10wt%. In order to cover these ranges, in-pile data were included in modeling from various tests, such as the US RERTR-4, -5, -6, -7 and -9 tests and Korea’s KOMO-4 test, that were designed to systematically examine the effects of the fission rate, temperature, Si content in Al matrix, and Mo content in U-Mo particles. A model converting the IL thickness to the IL volume fraction in the meat was also developed.

  1. Novel Processing of mo-si-b Intermetallics for improved efficiency of power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.J. Kramer; O. Degirmen; A.J. Thom; M. Akinc

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiphase composite alloys based on the Mo-Si-B system are candidate materials for ultra-high temperature applications. In non load-bearing applications such as thermal barrier coatings or heat exchangers in fossil fuel burners, these materials may be ideally suited. Alloys based on the Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3}B{sub x} phase (Tl phase) possess excellent oxidation resistance to at least 1600 C in synthetic air atmospheres. However, the ability of Tl-based alloys to resist aggressive combustion environments has not yet been determined. The present work seeks to investigate the resistance of these Mo-Si-B alloys to simulated combustion atmospheres. Material was pre-alloyed by combustion synthesis, and samples for testing were prepared by classic powder metallurgical processing techniques. Precursor material synthesized by self-heating-synthesis was sintered to densities exceeding 98% in an argon atmosphere at 1800 C. The approximate phase assemblage of the material was 57% Tl, 29% MoB, 14% MoSi{sub 2} (wt%). The alloy was oxidized from 1000-1100 C in flowing air containing water vapor at 18 Torr. At 1000 C the material achieved a steady state mass loss, and at 1100 C the material undergoes a steady state mass gain. The oxidation rate of these alloys in this temperature regime was accelerated by the presence of water vapor compared to oxidation in dry air. The results of microstructural analysis of the tested alloys will be discussed. Techniques and preliminary results for fabricating near-net-shaped parts will also be presented.

  2. MAGNESIUM ISOTOPE EVIDENCE FOR SINGLE STAGE FORMATION OF CB CHONDRULES BY COLLIDING PLANETESIMALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Mia B.; Schiller, Martin; Krot, Alexander N.; Bizzarro, Martin [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-1350 (Denmark)] [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-1350 (Denmark)

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Chondrules are igneous spherical objects preserved in chondritic meteorites and believed to have formed during transient heating events in the solar protoplanetary disk. Chondrules present in the metal-rich CB chondrites show unusual chemical and petrologic features not observed in other chondrite groups, implying a markedly distinct formation mechanism. Here, we report high-precision Mg-isotope data for 10 skeletal olivine chondrules from the Hammadah al Hamra 237 (HH237) chondrite to probe the formation history of CB chondrules. The {sup 27}Al/{sup 24}Mg ratios of individual chondrules are positively correlated to their stable Mg-isotope composition (?{sup 25}Mg), indicating that the correlated variability was imparted by a volatility-controlled process (evaporation/condensation). The mass-independent {sup 26}Mg composition (?{sup 26}Mg*) of chondrules is consistent with single stage formation from an initially homogeneous magnesium reservoir if the observed ?{sup 25}Mg variability was generated by non-ideal Rayleigh-type evaporative fractionation characterized by a ? value of 0.5142, in agreement with experimental work. The magnitude of the mass-dependent fractionation (?300 ppm) is significantly lower than that suggested by the increase in {sup 27}Al/{sup 24}Mg values, indicating substantial suppression of isotopic fractionation during evaporative loss of Mg, possibly due to evaporation at high Mg partial pressure. Thus, the Mg-isotope data of skeletal chondrules from HH237 are consistent with their origin as melts produced in the impact-generated plume of colliding planetesimals. The inferred ?{sup 26}Mg* value of –3.87 ± 0.93 ppm for the CB parent body is significantly lower than the bulk solar system value of 4.5 ± 1.1 ppm inferred from CI chondrites, suggesting that CB chondrites accreted material comprising an early formed {sup 26}Al-free component.

  3. Notice of Construction for the Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JANSKY, M.T.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following description and any attachments and references are provided to the Washington State Department of Health (WDOH), Division of Radiation Protection, Air Emissions & Defense Waste (WAC) 246-247, Radiation Protection-Air Emissions. The WAC 246-247-060, ''Applications, registration, and licensing'', states ''This section describes the information requirements for approval to construct, modify, and operate an emission unit. Any NOC requires the submittal of information listed in Appendix A.'' Appendix A (WAC 246-247-1 10) lists the requirements that must be addressed. Additionally, the following description, attachments and references are provided to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as an NOC, in accordance with Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, ''National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants.'' The information required for submittal to the EPA is specified in 40 CFR 61.07. The potential emissions from this activity are estimated to provide greater than 0.1 millirem per year total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) to the hypothetical offsite maximally exposed individual (MEI), and commencement is needed within a short time. Therefore, this application also is intended to provide notification of the anticipated date of initial startup in accordance with the requirement listed in 40 CFR 61.09(a)(1), and it is requested that approval of this application also will constitute EPA acceptance of this initial startup notification. Written notification of the actual date of initial startup, in accordance with the requirement listed in 40 CFR 61.09(a)(2) will be provided at a later date. This NOC covers the activities associated with the Construction and operation activities involving the magnesium hydroxide precipitation process of plutonium solutions within the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP).

  4. MoS{sub 2}@ZnO nano-heterojunctions with enhanced photocatalysis and field emission properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Ying-Hua; Yu, Ke, E-mail: yk5188@263.net; Li, Jin-Zhu; Fu, Hao; Zhu, Zi-Qiang [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices (Ministry of Education of China), Department of Electronic Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 (China)

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2})@ZnO nano-heterojunctions were successfully fabricated through a facile three-step synthetic process: prefabrication of the ZnO nanoparticles, the synthesis of MoS{sub 2} nanoflowers, and the fabrication of MoS{sub 2}@ZnO heterojunctions, in which ZnO nanoparticles were uniformly self-assembled on the MoS{sub 2} nanoflowers by utilizing polyethyleneimine as a binding agent. The photocatalytic activities of the composite samples were evaluated by monitoring the photodegradation of methylene blue (MB). Compared with pure MoS{sub 2} nanoflowers, the composites show higher adsorption capability in dark and better photocatalytic efficiency due to the increased specific surface area and improved electron-hole pair separation. After irradiation for 100?min, the remaining MB in solution is about 7.3%. Moreover, the MoS{sub 2}@ZnO heterojunctions possess enhanced field emission properties with lower turn-on field of 3.08?V ?m{sup ?1}and lower threshold field of 6.9?V ?m{sup ?1} relative to pure MoS{sub 2} with turn-on field of 3.65?V ?m{sup ?1} and threshold field of 9.03?V ?m{sup ?1}.

  5. Chemical interaction of B{sub 4}C, B, and C with Mo/Si layered structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rooij-Lohmann, V. I. T. A. de; Veldhuizen, L. W.; Zoethout, E.; Yakshin, A. E.; Kruijs, R. W. E. van de [FOM Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Thijsse, B. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Gorgoi, M.; Schaefers, F. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, BESSY II, Albert-Einstein Strasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Bijkerk, F. [FOM Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To enhance the thermal stability, B{sub 4}C diffusion barrier layers are often added to Mo/Si multilayer structures for extreme ultraviolet optics. Knowledge about the chemical interaction between B{sub 4}C and Mo or Si, however is largely lacking. Therefore, the chemical processes during annealing up to 600 deg. C of a Mo/B{sub 4}C/Si layered structure have been investigated in situ with hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ex situ with depth profiling x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Mo/B/Si and Mo/C/Si structures have also been analyzed as reference systems. The chemical processes in these systems have been identified, with two stages being distinguished. In the first stage, B and C diffuse and react predominantly with Mo. MoSi{sub x} forms in the second stage. If the diffusion barrier consists of C or B{sub 4}C, a compound forms that is stable up to the maximum probed temperature and annealing time. We suggest that the diffusion barrier function of B{sub 4}C interlayers as reported in literature can be caused by the stability of the formed compound, rather than by the stability of B{sub 4}C itself.

  6. Epitaxial growth of few-layer MoS2(0001) on FeS2{100}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, T.; Temprano, I.; King, D. A.; Driver, S. M.; Jenkins, S. J.

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    ) or self-assembled monolayers have already shown promise in delivering high quality graphene.8 Few-layer MoS2 is most commonly obtained by top-down methods such as lithium intercalation, micro mechanical exfoliation, or liquid-phase exfoliation.2 Attempts... trilayers may be terminated by complete S layers, leading to S–Fe–S–S–Mo–S layering; in this scenario, the epitaxy is driven simply by van der Waals interactions between the layers. In principle, sourcing the S atoms in the MoS2 layer from the bulk FeS2...

  7. Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS{sub 2} atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Siwei; Qi, Xiang, E-mail: xqi@xtu.edu.cn, E-mail: jxzhong@xtu.edu.cn; Ren, Long; Hao, Guolin; Fan, Yinping; Liu, Yundan; Han, Weijia; Zang, Chen; Li, Jun; Zhong, Jianxin, E-mail: xqi@xtu.edu.cn, E-mail: jxzhong@xtu.edu.cn [Hunan Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Energy Materials and Devices, People's Republic of China Laboratory for Quantum Engineering and Micro-Nano Energy Technology, and Faculty of Materials and Optoelectronic Physics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Photoresponse properties of a large area MoS{sub 2} atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition method without any catalyst are studied. Scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, Raman spectrum, and photoluminescence spectrum characterizations confirm that the two-dimensional microstructures of MoS{sub 2} atomic layer are of high quality. Photoelectrical results indicate that the as-prepared MoS{sub 2} devices have an excellent sensitivity and a good reproducibility as a photodetector, which is proposed to be ascribed to the potential-assisted charge separation mechanism.

  8. Structure of Co-Mo/UPSILON-Al/sub 7/O/sub 3/ catalysts and relationship to HDS and hydrogenation activity. [Hydrodesulfurization (HDS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennet, B.A. (Imperial Coll., London, England); Chadwick, D.; Jawahery, A.R.; Breysse, M.; Vrinat, M.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From Mossbauer spectroscopy studies of catalysts of typical industrial compositions and activity measurements it was shown that catalysts containing the ''Co-Mo-S'' phase have relatively higher hydrodesulfurization (HDS) activities. It was also found that the use of Co in the first impregnation step favored the formation of Co/sub 9/S/sub 8/ (in addition to Co in alumina), while the reverse impregnation order produced mainly the ''Co-Mo-S'' phase. Avoiding Co/sub 3/O/sub 4/ formation in the oxide precursor was important for the formation of the ''Co-Mo-S'' phase and this was achieved by the impregnation of Mo before Co. There was also evidence that when Co was used in the second impregnation step, there was significant Mo, Co interaction. This interaction my produce a CoMo surface phase which is disordered and well dispersed and sulfides to the ''Co-Mo-S'' phase. (JMT)

  9. AMoRE: Collaboration for searches for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the isotope of {sup 100}Mo with the aid of {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} as a cryogenic scintillation detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khanbekov, N. D., E-mail: xanbekov@gmail.com [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The AMoRE (Advanced Mo based Rare process Experiment) Collaboration is planning to employ {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} single crystals as a cryogenic Scintillation detector for studying the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the isotope {sup 100}Mo. A simultaneous readout of phonon and scintillation signals is performed in order to suppress the intrinsic background. The planned sensitivity of the experiment that would employ 100 kg of {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} over five years of data accumulation would be T{sub 1/2}{sup 0{nu}} = 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 26} yr, which corresponds to values of the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the range of Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket m{sub {nu}} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket {approx} 0.02-0.06 eV.

  10. Mesoscale Modeling and Validation of Texture Evolution during Asymmetric Rooling and Static Recrystallization of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam [ORNL; Gorti, Sarma B [ORNL; Stoica, Grigoreta M [ORNL; Muralidharan, Govindarajan [ORNL; Stoica, Alexandru Dan [ORNL; Wang, Xun-Li [ORNL; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Muth, Thomas R [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the present research is to develop an integrated deformation and recrystallization model for magnesium alloys at the microstructural length scale. It is known that in magnesium alloys nucleation of recrystallized grains occurs at various microstructural inhomogeneities such as twins and localized deformation bands. However, there is a need to develop models that can predict the evolution of the grain structure and texture developed during recrystallization and grain growth, especially when the deformation process follows a complicated deformation path such as in asymmetric rolling. The deformation model is based on a crystal plasticity approach implemented at the length scale of the microstructure that includes deformation mechanisms based on dislocation slip and twinning. The recrystallization simulation is based on a Monte Carlo technique that operates on the output of the deformation simulations. The nucleation criterion during recrystallization is based on the local stored energy and the Monte Carlo technique is used to simulate the growth of the nuclei due to local stored energy differences and curvature. The model predictions are compared with experimental data obtained through electron backscatter analysis and neutron diffraction.

  11. The influence of zeta potential and yield stress on the filtration characteristics of a magnesium hydroxide simulant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, Simon; Nabi, Rafiq; Poole, Colin [Leeds University/Nexia Solutions URA in Particle Science and Technology, Institute of Particle Science and Engineering, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Patel, Ashok [British Nuclear Group, Reactor Sites, Berkeley Centre, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, GL13 9PB (United Kingdom)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the UK, irradiated fuels from Magnox reactors are often stored in water-filled ponds under alkaline conditions, so as to minimise corrosion of fuel cladding. This is important to prevent or reduce leakage of soluble fission products and actinides to the pond water. A variety of intermediate level wastes derived from Magnox materials are stored at power stations. Under these alkaline conditions, various species of magnesium are formed, of which magnesium hydroxide is the dominant material. The particle-fluid interactions are significant for the design and operation of facilities for hydraulic retrieval, filtration, dewatering and ion exchange treatment of fuel storage pond water and stored wet Magnox wastes. Here we describe a study of particulate properties and filtration characteristics of oxide particle simulants under laboratory conditions. Cake and medium resistance data were correlated across a range of pH conditions with electro-acoustic zeta potential and shear yield stress measurements, as a function of particle volume fractions. The influence of zeta potential on filtration properties arises directly from the interaction of particles within the sediment cake. (authors)

  12. Atomistic modeling of nanowires, small-scale fatigue damage in cast magnesium, and materials for MEMS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, Martin L. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Talmage, Mellisa J. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); McDowell, David L., 1956- (,-Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); West, Neil (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Gullett, Philip Michael (Mississippi State University , MS); Miller, David C. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Spark, Kevin (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Diao, Jiankuai (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Horstemeyer, Mark F. (Mississippi State University , MS); Zimmerman, Jonathan A.; Gall, K (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lightweight and miniaturized weapon systems are driving the use of new materials in design such as microscale materials and ultra low-density metallic materials. Reliable design of future weapon components and systems demands a thorough understanding of the deformation modes in these materials that comprise the components and a robust methodology to predict their performance during service or storage. Traditional continuum models of material deformation and failure are not easily extended to these new materials unless microstructural characteristics are included in the formulation. For example, in LIGA Ni and Al-Si thin films, the physical size is on the order of microns, a scale approaching key microstructural features. For a new potential structural material, cast Mg offers a high stiffness-to-weight ratio, but the microstructural heterogeneity at various scales requires a structure-property continuum model. Processes occurring at the nanoscale and microscale develop certain structures that drive material behavior. The objective of the work presented in this report was to understand material characteristics in relation to mechanical properties at the nanoscale and microscale in these promising new material systems. Research was conducted primarily at the University of Colorado at Boulder to employ tightly coupled experimentation and simulation to study damage at various material size scales under monotonic and cyclic loading conditions. Experimental characterization of nano/micro damage will be accomplished by novel techniques such as in-situ environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), 1 MeV transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). New simulations to support experimental efforts will include modified embedded atom method (MEAM) atomistic simulations at the nanoscale and single crystal micromechanical finite element simulations. This report summarizes the major research and development accomplishments for the LDRD project titled 'Atomistic Modeling of Nanowires, Small-scale Fatigue Damage in Cast Magnesium, and Materials for MEMS'. This project supported a strategic partnership between Sandia National Laboratories and the University of Colorado at Boulder by providing funding for the lead author, Ken Gall, and his students, while he was a member of the University of Colorado faculty.

  13. Brittle Fracture in a 50Mo-50Re alloy in static tensile testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Jianhui [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Zhai, Tongguang [University of Kentucky, Lexington

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tensile tests were conducted on 50Mo-50Re alloys, in fully-recrystallized and recovery heat-treated conditions respectively, at a very low strain rate of 10-6 s-1 and room temperature in air. It was found that both these alloys exhibited predominantly cleavage fracture with significant intergranular secondary cracking, compared to the predominantly ductile fracture found in the alloys at a higher strain rate. Cracks were often initiated at grain boundary triple junctions at the low strain rate. Electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD) measurements revealed significantly high misorientation gradients at grain boundaries, especially in the vicinity of some grain boundary triple junctions in the deformed alloys. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) results verified the existence of significant misorientation taking place at grain boundaries in these alloys. Stress-assisted dynamic embrittlement, possibly due to trace interstitials, was the possible cause for the occurrence of brittle fracture in the 50Mo-50Re alloys at the low strain rate.

  14. Spectroscopy of Double-Beta and Inverse-Beta Decays from 100Mo for Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Ejiri; J. Engel; R. Hazama; P. Krastev; N. Kudomi; R. G. H. Robertson

    2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectroscopic studies of two beta-rays from 100Mo are shown to be of potential interest for investigating both the Majorana neutrino mass by neutrinoless double beta-decay and low energy solar neutrino's by inverse beta-decay. With a multi-ton 100Mo detector, coincidence studies of correlated beta-beta from neutrinoless double beta-decay, together with the large Q value, permit identification of the neutrino-mass term with a sensitivity of ~ 0.03 eV. Correlation studies of the inverse beta and the successive beta-decay of 100Tc, together with the large capture rates for low energy solar neutrino's, make it possible to detect in realtime individual low energy solar neutrino in the same detector.

  15. Air damping of atomically thin MoS{sub 2} nanomechanical resonators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jaesung; Wang, Zenghui; Feng, Philip X.-L., E-mail: philip.feng@case.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Case School of Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States); He, Keliang; Shan, Jie [Department of Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on experimental measurement of air damping effects in high frequency nanomembrane resonators made of atomically thin molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) drumhead structures. Circular MoS{sub 2} nanomembranes with thickness of monolayer, few-layer, and multi-layer up to ?70?nm (?100 layers) exhibit intriguing pressure dependence of resonance characteristics. In completely covered drumheads, where there is no immediate equilibrium between the drum cavity and environment, resonance frequencies and quality (Q) factors strongly depend on environmental pressure due to bulging of the nanomembranes. In incompletely covered drumheads, strong frequency shifts due to compressing-cavity stiffening occur above ?200?Torr. The pressure-dependent Q factors are limited by free molecule flow (FMF) damping, and all the mono-, bi-, and tri-layer devices exhibit lower FMF damping than thicker, conventional devices do.

  16. Improved performance of U-Mo dispersion fuel by Si addition in Al matrix.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Y S; Hofman, G L [Nuclear Engineering Division

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to collect in one publication and fit together work fragments presented in many conferences in the multi-year time span starting 2002 to the present dealing with the problem of large pore formation in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel plates first observed in 2002. Hence, this report summarizes the excerpts from papers and reports on how we interpreted the relevant results from out-of-pile and in-pile tests and how this problem was dealt with. This report also provides a refined view to explain in detail and in a quantitative manner the underlying mechanism of the role of silicon in improving the irradiation performance of U-Mo/Al.

  17. Oxidation Behavior and Chlorination Treatment to Improve Oxidation Resistance of Nb-Mo-Si-B Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vikas Behrani

    2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is written in an alternate format. The thesis is composed of a general introduction, two original manuscripts, and a general conclusion. References cited within each chapter are given at the end of each chapter. The general introduction starts with the driving force behind this research, and gives an overview of previous work on boron doped molybdenum silicides, Nb/Nb{sub 5}Si{sub 3} composites, boron modified niobium silicides and molybdenum niobium silicides. Chapter 2 focuses on the oxidation behavior of Nb-Mo-Si-B alloys. Chapter 3 contains studies on a novel chlorination technique to improve the oxidation resistance of Nb-Mo-Si-B alloys. Chapter 4 summarizes the important results in this study.

  18. Fission induced swelling and creep of U–Mo alloy fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeon Soo Kim; G. L. Hofman; J. S. Cheon; A. B. Robinson; D. M. Wachs

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tapering of U–Mo alloy fuel at the end of plates is attributed to lateral mass transfer by fission induced creep, by which fuel mass is relocated away from the fuel end region where fission product induced fuel swelling is in fact the highest. This mechanism permits U–Mo fuel to achieve high burnup by effectively relieving stresses at the fuel end region, where peak stresses are otherwise expected because peak fission product induced fuel swelling occurs there. ABAQUS FEA was employed to examine whether the observed phenomenon can be simulated using physical–mechanical data available in the literature. The simulation results obtained for several plates with different fuel fabrication and loading scheme showed that the measured data were able to be simulated with a reasonable creep rate coefficient. The obtained creep rate constant lies between values for pure uranium and MOX, and is greater than all other ceramic uranium fuels.

  19. Induced codeposition. 1: An experimental investigation of Ni-Mo alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlaha, E.J.; Landolt, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrodeposition of nickel-molybdenum alloys was studied on rotating cylinder electrodes. The current density, electrode rotation rate, electrolyte temperature, and species concentrations were shown to influence alloy composition. The mass-transport limiting species were identified for different operating conditions and electrolyte compositions in order to study the rate-limiting steps of induced codeposition. If the concentration of nickel in the electrolyte was much larger than that of molybdate the molybdenum content in the alloy increased with rotation rate. On the other hand, if the concentration of molybdate in the electrolyte was larger than that of nickel the alloy composition was found to be independent of rotation rate. These results were applied to the deposition of compositionally modulated Ni-Mo alloys exhibiting larger periodic variations in Mo concentration than hitherto reported.

  20. Phase transitions in K-doped MoO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alves, L. M. S., E-mail: leandro-fisico@hotmail.com; Lima, B. S. de; Santos, C. A. M. dos [Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena-USP, Lorena, São Paulo 12602-810 (Brazil); Rebello, A.; Masunaga, S. H.; Neumeier, J. J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, P.O. Box 173840, Bozeman, Montana 59717-3840 (United States); Leão, J. B. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Dr. MS 6102, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-6102 (United States)

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    K{sub 0.05}MoO{sub 2} has been studied by x-ray and neutron diffractometry, electrical resistivity, magnetization, heat capacity, and thermal expansion measurements. The compound displays two phase transitions, a first-order phase transition near room temperature and a second-order transition near 54?K. Below the transition at 54?K, a weak magnetic anomaly is observed and the electrical resistivity is well described by a power-law temperature dependence with exponent near 0.5. The phase transitions in the K-doped MoO{sub 2} compound have been discussed for the first time using neutron diffraction, high resolution thermal expansion, and heat capacity measurements as a function of temperature.

  1. LEXICAL DECISION IN A PHONOLOGICALLY SHALLOW ORTHOGRAPHY* G Lukatela+, Do Popadic+, P. Ognjenovic+, and Mo To Turvey++

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +, and Mo To Turvey++ Abstracto The Serbo-Croatian language is written in two alphabets, Roman and Cyrillic shallow writing systems of Serbo-Croatian, lex ical decision proceeds with reference to the phonology

  2. Performance of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic scintillating bolometer to search for double beta decay of molybdenum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Gironi; C. Arnaboldi; J. W. Beeman; O. Cremonesi; F. A. Danevich; V. Ya. Degoda; L. I. Ivleva; L. L. Nagornaya; M. Pavan; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; V. I. Tretyak; I. A. Tupitsyna

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zinc molybdate (ZnMoO4) single crystals were grown for the first time by the Czochralski method and their luminescence was measured under X ray excitation in the temperature range 85-400 K. Properties of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic low temperature scintillator were checked for the first time. Radioactive contamination of the ZnMoO4 crystal was estimated as <0.3 mBq/kg (228-Th) and 8 mBq/kg (226-Ra). Thanks to the simultaneous measurement of the scintillation light and the phonon signal, the alpha particles can be discriminated from the gamma/beta interactions, making this compound extremely promising for the search of neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 100-Mo. We also report on the ability to discriminate the alpha-induced background without the light measurement, thanks to a different shape of the thermal signal that characterizes gamma/beta and alpha particle interactions.

  3. High yield production of inorganic graphene-like materials (MoS?, WS?, BN) through liquid exfoliation testing key parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pu, Fei, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inorganic graphene-like materials such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS?), tungsten sulfide (WS?), and boron nitride (BN) are known to have electronic properties. When exfoliated into layers and casted onto carbon nanofilms, ...

  4. Two photon absorption and its saturation of WS2 and MoS2 monolayer and few-layer films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Saifeng; McEvoy, Niall; O'Brien, Maria; Winters, Sinéad; Berner, Nina C; Yim, Chanyoung; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Chen, Zhanghai; Zhang, Long; Duesberg, Georg S; Wang, Jun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical nonlinearity of WS2, MoS2 monolayer and few-layer films was investigated using the Z-scan technique with femtosecond pulses from the visible to the near infrared. The dependence of nonlinear absorption of the WS2 and MoS2 films on layer number and excitation wavelength was studied systematically. WS2 with 1~3 layers exhibits a giant two-photon absorption (TPA) coefficient. Saturation of TPA for WS2 with 1~3 layers and MoS2 with 25~27 layers was observed. The giant nonlinearity of WS2 and MoS2 is attributed to two dimensional confinement, a giant exciton effect and the band edge resonance of TPA.

  5. Quantitative Prediction of Surface Segregation in Bimetallic Pt-MAlloy Nanoparticles (M=Ni, Re, Mo)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Guofeng; Van Hove, Michel A.; Ross, Phil N.; Baskes,Michael I.

    2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This review addresses the issue of surface segregation inbimetallic alloy nanoparticles, which are relevant to heterogeneouscatalysis, in particular for electro-catalysts of fuel cells. We describeand discuss a theoretical approach to predicting surface segregation insuch nanoparticles by using the Modified Embedded Atom Method and MonteCarlo simulations. In this manner it is possible to systematicallyexplore the behavior of such nanoparticles as a function of componentmetals, composition, and particle size, among other variables. We choseto compare Pt75Ni25, Pt75Re25, and Pt80Mo20 alloys as example systems forthis discussion, due to the importance of Pt in catalytic processes andits high-cost. It is assumed that the equilibrium nanoparticles of thesealloys have a cubo-octahedral shape, the face-centered cubic lattice, andsizes ranging from 2.5 nm to 5.0 nm. By investigating the segregation ofPt atoms to the surfaces of the nanoparticles, we draw the followingconclusions from our simulations at T= 600 K. (1) Pt75Ni25 nanoparticlesform a surface-sandwich structure in which the Pt atoms are stronglyenriched in the outermost and third layers while the Ni atoms areenriched in the second layer. In particular, a nearly pure Pt outermostsurface layer can be achieved in those nanoparticles. (2) EquilibriumPt75Re25 nanoparticles adopt a core-shell structure: a nearly pure Ptshell surrounding a more uniform Pt-Re core. (3) In Pt80Mo20nanoparticles, the facets are fully occupied by Pt atoms, the Mo atomsonly appear at the edges and vertices, and the Pt and Mo atoms arrangethemselves in an alternating sequence along the edges and vertices. Oursimulations quantitatively agree with previous experimental andtheoretical results for the extended surfaces of Pt-Ni, Pt-Re, and Pt-Moalloys. We further discuss the reasons for the different types of surfacesegregation found in the different alloys, and some of theirimplications.

  6. Co-Rolled U10Mo/Zirconium-Barrier-Layer Monolithic Fuel Foil Fabrication Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. A. Moore; M. C. Marshall

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integral to the current UMo fuel foil processing scheme being developed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is the incorporation of a zirconium barrier layer for the purpose of controlling UMo-Al interdiffusion at the fuel-meat/cladding interface. A hot “co-rolling” process is employed to establish a ~25-µm-thick zirconium barrier layer on each face of the ~0.3-mm-thick U10Mo fuel foil.

  7. An internship with San Tomas hunting camp Freeport-McMoRan, Inc. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huggins, J. Grant

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Internship with San Tomas Hunting Camp Freeport~NoRan, Inc. : A PRCFESSIQRAL PAPER by J. Grant Huggine Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas AN University in Rmrtial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of NASTER GF... AGRICULTURE December 1986 Najor Subject: Wildlife Science Department of Wildife and Fisheries Sciences An Internship with San Tomas Hunting Camp Fr eeport-McMoRan, Inc. by J. Grant Huggins Approved as to style and content by: Wallace G. Klussmann...

  8. Continuing investigations for technology assessment of /sup 99/Mo production from LEU (low enriched Uranium) targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandergrift, G.F.; Kwok, J.D.; Marshall, S.L.; Vissers, D.R.; Matos, J.E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently much of the world's supply of /sup 99m/Tc for medical purposes is produced from /sup 99/Mo derived from the fissioning of high enriched uranium (HEU). The need for /sup 99m/Tc is continuing to grow, especially in developing countries, where needs and national priorities call for internal production of /sup 99/Mo. This paper presents the results of our continuing studies on the effects of substituting low enriched Uranium (LEU) for HEU in targets for the production of fission product /sup 99/Mo. Improvements in the electrodeposition of thin films of uranium metal are reported. These improvements continue to increase the appeal for the substitution of LEU metal for HEU oxide films in cylindrical targets. The process is effective for targets fabricated from stainless steel or hastaloy. A cost estimate for setting up the necessary equipment to electrodeposit uranium metal on cylindrical targets is reported. Further investigations on the effect of LEU substitution on processing of these targets are also reported. Substitution of uranium silicides for the uranium-aluminum alloy or uranium aluminide dispersed fuel used in other current target designs will allow the substitution of LEU for HEU in these targets with equivalent /sup 99/Mo-yield per target and no change in target geometries. However, this substitution will require modifications in current processing steps due to (1) the insolubility of uranium silicides in alkaline solutions and (2) the presence of significant quantities of silicate in solution. Results to date suggest that both concerns can be handled and that substitution of LEU for HEU can be achieved.

  9. AutoMoDe - Model-Based Development of Automotive Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegenbein, Dirk; Freund, Ulrich; Bauer, Andreas; Romberg, Jan; Schatz, Bernhard

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes first results from the AutoMoDe (Automotive Model-Based Development) project. The overall goal of the project is to develop an integrated methodology for model-based development of automotive control software, based on problem-specific design notations with an explicit formal foundation. Based on the existing AutoFOCUS framework, a tool prototype is being developed in order to illustrate and validate the key elements of our approach.

  10. Mo-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} cermet research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glass, S.J.; Monroe, S.L.; Stephens, J.J.; Moore, R.H. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results to date of a program that was initiated to predict and measure residual stresses in Mo-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} cermet-containing components and to develop new materials and processes that would lead to the reduction or elimination of the thermal mismatch stresses. The period of performance includes work performed CY95-97. Excessive thermal mismatch stresses had produced cracking in some cermet-containing neutron tube components. This cracking could lead to a loss of hermeticity or decreased tube reliability. Stress predictions were conducted using finite element models of the various components, along with the thermal coefficient of expansion (CTE), Young`s modulus, and strength properties. A significant portion of the program focused on the property measurements for the existing cermet materials, processing conditions, and the measurement technique. The effects of differences in the properties on the predicted residual stresses were calculated for existing designs. Several potential approaches were evaluated for reducing the residual stresses and cracking in cermet-containing parts including reducing the Mo content of the cermet, substituting a ternary alloy with a better CTE match with alumina, and substituting Nb for Mo. Processing modifications were also investigated for minimizing warpage that occurs during sintering due to differential sintering. These modifications include changing the pressing of the 94ND2 alumina and changing to a 96% alumina powder from AlSiMag.

  11. Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical properties of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sultan F. Alsagabi; Triratna Shrestha; Indrajit Charit; Gabriel P. Potirniche; Michael V. Glazoff

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (Grade 91) is a material of choice in fossil-fuel-fired power plants with increased efficiency, service life, and reduction in emission of greenhouse gases. It is also considered a prospective material for the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant for application in reactor pressure vessels at temperatures up to 650°C. In this paper, heat treatment of the modified 9Cr-1Mo steel was studied by normalizing and tempering the steel at various temperatures and times, with the ultimate goal of improving its creep resistance and optimizing material hardness. The microstructural evolution of the heat treated steels was correlated with the differential scanning calorimetric results. Optical microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with microhardness profiles and calorimetric plots were used to understand the evolution of microstructure including precipitate structures in modified 9Cr-1Mo steel and relate it to the mechanical behavior of the steel. Thermo- CalcTM calculations were used to support experimental work and provide guidance in terms of the precipitate stability and microstructural evolution. Furthermore, the carbon isopleth and temperature dependencies of the volume fraction of different precipitates were constructed. The predicted and experimentally observed results were found to be in good agreement.

  12. Evolution of collectivity along the N=Z line: The {sup 84}Mo nucleus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bucurescu, D.; Ur, C.A.; Marginean, N.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Petrache, C.M. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania)] [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Ur, C.A; Bazzacco, D.; Lunardi, S.; Petrache, C.M.; Brandolini, F.; Falconi, G.; Lenzi, S.M.; Venturelli, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica dellUniversita and INFN, Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica dellUniversita and INFN, Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Napoli, D.R.; de Angelis, G.; Gadea, A.; Foltescu, D.; Farnea, E.; Podolyak, Zs.; De Poli, M. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy)] [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy); Rao, M.N. [Universidade de Sao Paolo, Sao Paolo, Brasil (Brazil)] [Universidade de Sao Paolo, Sao Paolo, Brasil (Brazil)

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction {sup 58}Ni({sup 28}Si,2n{gamma}) at 90 MeV incident energy has been used to populate the N=Z nucleus {sup 84}Mo. The GASP array was used together with the ISIS Silicon ball, which allowed a subtraction of the charged particle channels in the {gamma}-{gamma} coincidences. The only known transition 2{sub 1}{sup +}{r_arrow}0{sub 1}{sup +} of 443.8 keV in {sup 84}Mo has been found in coincidence with a {gamma} ray of 673.5{plus_minus}0.4 keV which was assigned as the second (4{sub 1}{sup +}{r_arrow}2{sub 1}{sup +}) yrast transition. The behavior of the resulting yrast line indicates that {sup 84}Mo is a transitional nucleus. The correlation between the excitation energies of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} and 4{sub 1}{sup +} levels of the N=Z nuclei reveals a systematic deviation from the average behavior defined by all collective even-even nuclei. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. Superconducting and structural properties of {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681} cubic molybdenum carbide phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathish, C.I. [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan) [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Guo, Yanfeng, E-mail: GUO.Yanfeng@nims.go.jp [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)] [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Wang, Xia [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan) [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Tsujimoto, Yoshihiro [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)] [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Li, Jun [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan) [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Zhang, Shoubao [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)] [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Matsushita, Yoshitaka [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Shi, Youguo; Tian, Huanfang; Yang, Huaixin; Li, Jianqi [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yamaura, Kazunari, E-mail: YAMAURA.Kazunari@nims.go.jp [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan) [Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The superconducting and lattice properties of {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681} were studied by electromagnetic measurements, synchrotron X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and electron diffraction. The superconducting properties (T{sub c}=12 K) of {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681} were well characterized by a weak coupling model. The carbon vacancies present in the host cubic structure were found to be robust, although the material was synthesized from stoichiometric carbon and Mo powder under a high-pressure of 6 GPa. A thermodynamically-stable structure with ordered vacancies did not account for the robust features of {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681} since the vacancies are unlikely to be ordered in long range in the host structure. A model based on inherent phonon instability theoretically predicted for a stoichiometric MoC phase might be responsible for the robust features of {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681}. - Graphical Abstract: The cubic molybdenum carbide shows an excellent superconductivity with robust carbon vacancies. Inherent phonon instability theoretically predicted for a stoichiometric MoC phase might be responsible for the vacancies rather than a thermodynamically-stable structure with vacancies ordering. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The 12 K superconductivity is well characterized by a weakly coupling model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Carbon vacancies are robust and disordered in the cubic host structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Inherent phonon instability might be responsible for the robust carbon vacancies in {delta}-MoC{sub 0.681}.

  14. Low-frequency 1/f noise in MoS{sub 2} transistors: Relative contributions of the channel and contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renteria, J.; Jiang, C. [Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California – Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Samnakay, R. [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California – Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Rumyantsev, S. L. [Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Center for Integrated Electronics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Goli, P.; Balandin, A. A., E-mail: balandin@ee.ucr.edu [Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California – Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California – Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Shur, M. S. [Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Center for Integrated Electronics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the results of the low-frequency (1/f, where f is frequency) noise measurements in MoS{sub 2} field-effect transistors revealing the relative contributions of the MoS{sub 2} channel and Ti/Au contacts to the overall noise level. The investigation of the 1/f noise was performed for both as fabricated and aged transistors. It was established that the McWhorter model of the carrier number fluctuations describes well the 1/f noise in MoS{sub 2} transistors, in contrast to what is observed in graphene devices. The trap densities extracted from the 1/f noise data for MoS{sub 2} transistors, are 2?×?10{sup 19}?eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?3} and 2.5?×?10{sup 20}?eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?3} for the as fabricated and aged devices, respectively. It was found that the increase in the noise level of the aged MoS{sub 2} transistors is due to the channel rather than the contact degradation. The obtained results are important for the proposed electronic applications of MoS{sub 2} and other van der Waals materials.

  15. JOM Volume 63, Number 2 (2011): 48-52 High strain rate compressive response of magnesium-aluminum alloy/fly ash cenosphere composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Nikhil

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and sound and vibration damping. Low strength of open and closed-cell foams containing gas porosity distribution in syntactic foams is usually much more uniform compared to the gas filled foams. Presence half of which is dumped in landfills. In the present work, a cast magnesium-aluminum alloy, AZ91D

  16. Electron-Atom Superelastic Scattering in Magnesium at Millielectron Volt Energies T. Baynard, A. C. Reber, R. F. Niedziela,| S. A. Darveau, B. Prutzman,# and R. S. Berry*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Electron-Atom Superelastic Scattering in Magnesium at Millielectron Volt Energies T. Baynard, A. C ReceiVed: July 17, 2007; In Final Form: September 16, 2007 The energy dependence of superelastic electron source to collide with excited atoms. Measurements are made at energies as low as 1.5 me

  17. A practical grinding-assisted dry synthesis of nanocrystalline NiMoO{sub 4} polymorphs for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Miao, E-mail: chenmiao@sinochem.com [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Zhejiang Chemical Industry Research Institute, Hangzhou 310023 (China); Wu Jialing; Liu Yongmei [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Cao Yong, E-mail: yongcao@fudan.edu.cn [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Guo Li [Zhejiang Chemical Industry Research Institute, Hangzhou 310023 (China); He Heyong; Fan Kangnian [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A practical two-stage reactive grinding-assisted pathway waste-free and cost-effective for the synthesis of NiMoO{sub 4} has been successfully developed. It was demonstrated that proper design in synthetic strategy for grinding plays a crucial role in determining the ultimate polymorph of NiMoO{sub 4}. Specifically, direct grinding (DG) of MoO{sub 3} and NiO rendered {alpha}-NiMoO{sub 4} after annealing, whereas sequential grinding (SG) of the two independently pre-ground oxides followed by annealing generated {beta}-NiMoO{sub 4} solid solution. Characterizations in terms of Raman and X-ray diffraction suggest the creation of {beta}-NiMoO{sub 4} precursor in the latter alternative is the key aspect for the formation of {beta}-NiMoO{sub 4}. The DG-derived {alpha}-NiMoO{sub 4} tested by oxidative dehydrogenation of propane exhibited superior activity in contrast to its analog synthesized via conventional coprecipitation. It is suggested that the favorable chemical composition facilely obtained via grinding in contrast to that by coprecipitation was essential for achieving a more selective production of propylene. - Graphical Abstract: Grinding-assisted synthesis of NiMoO{sub 4} offers higher and more reproducible activities in contrast to coprecipitation for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane, and both {alpha}- and {beta}-NiMoO{sub 4} can be synthesized. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NiMoO{sub 4} was prepared through grinding-assisted pathway. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Direct/sequential grinding rendered {alpha}-, {beta}-NiMoO{sub 4}, respectively. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Grinding-derived {alpha}-NiMoO{sub 4} showed high and reproducible activity for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane.

  18. Research and Education of CO{sub 2} Separation from Coal Combustion Flue Gases with Regenerable Magnesium Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Joo-Youp

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel method using environment-friendly chemical magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH){sub 2}) solution to capture carbon dioxide from coal-fired power plants flue gas has been studied under this project in the post-combustion control area. The project utilizes the chemistry underlying the CO{sub 2}-Mg(OH){sub 2} system and proven and well-studied mass transfer devices for high levels of CO{sub 2} removal. The major goals of this research were to select and design an appropriate absorber which can absorb greater than 90% CO{sub 2} gas with low energy costs, and to find and optimize the operating conditions for the regeneration step. During the project period, we studied the physical and chemical characteristics of the scrubbing agent, the reaction taking place in the system, development and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gas absorber, desorption mechanism, and operation and optimization of continuous operation. Both batch and continuous operations were performed to examine the effects of various parameters including liquid-to-gas ratio, residence time, lean solvent concentration, pressure drop, bed height, CO{sub 2} partial pressure, bubble size, pH, and temperature on the absorption. The dissolution of Mg(OH){sub 2} particles, formation of magnesium carbonate (MgCO{sub 3}), and vapor-liquid-solid equilibrium (VLSE) of the system were also studied. The dissolution of Mg(OH){sub 2} particles and the steady release of magnesium ions into the solution was a crucial step to maintain a level of alkalinity in the CO{sub 2} absorption process. The dissolution process was modeled using a shrinking core model, and the dissolution reaction between proton ions and Mg(OH){sub 2} particles was found to be a rate-controlling step. The intrinsic surface reaction kinetics was found to be a strong function of temperature, and its kinetic expression was obtained. The kinetics of MgCO{sub 3} formation was also studied in terms of different pH values and temperatures, and was enhanced under high pH and temperatures.

  19. Transmission electron microscopy of RSP Fe/Cr/Mn/Mo/C alloy. [Fe-3 wt % Cr-2 wt % Mn-0. 5 wt % Mo, -0. 3 wt % C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayment, J.J.; Thomas, G.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid solidification processing (RSP) has been carried out on an Fe/Cr/Mn/Mo/C alloy using both electron-beam melting and piston-and-anvil techniques. Preliminary TEM results show RSP produces a refined duplex microstructure of ferrite and martensite, with a typical ferrite grain size of 0.50 - 3.0 microns. This RSP microstructure is significantly different from that observed in the conventionally austenitized and quenched alloys - a lath martensitic microstructure with thin films of retained interlath austenite. The morphological change produced by RSP is accompanied by an increase in hardness from 48R/sub c/ to 61R/sub c/ (approx. 480 to 720 VHN). It is intended to use electron-beam specimens to examine the potential beneficial effect of RSP upon sliding wear resistance and, by careful TEM studies, it will be possible to characterize the microstructure and its role in the hardness and wear behavior of the RSP alloy.

  20. Effects of Potassium Doping on CO Hydrogenation Over MoS2 Catalysts: A First-Principles Investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersen, Amity; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Lilga, Michael A.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Hallen, Richard T.; Mei, Donghai

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Periodic density functional theory calculations were performed to explore the effects of doping potassium (K) on the reactivity of CO hydrogenation to mixed higher alcohols over MoS2 catalysts. We found that the doped K species over the model MoS2(100) catalyst surface acts as a unique site for CO adsorption where either the K-C or the K-O bonding is allowed. The charge transfer from the K 4s electron to the conduction band of the MoS2(100) surface slightly enhances CO adsorption at the edge Mo sites. Due to the large electropositive nature, the presence of the surface K species, however, will hinder the dissociative adsorption of hydrogen. As a result, the doping K species drive CO hydrogenation selectivity toward the C2+ alcohols instead of hydrocarbons by increasing CO and decreasing hydrogen coverages on the MoS2 catalysts. To further elucidate the effect of doping K on the shifting of the selectivity toward CO hydrogenation, we calculated several key reaction steps leading to the H2CCO precursor formation, i.e., CO hydrogenation, the C-O bond scission and the C-C coupling (CH2+CO). The C-C coupling step is favorable for both the Mo and S edges. However, the undoped S edge has an overall more thermodynamically favorable reaction profile up to C-O scission compared with the Mo edge. This work was funded by a CRADA project (No. PNNL/297) with Range Fuels. The research was performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The work involving the results analysis and mansucript writing was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences.

  1. Control and diagnosis of temperature, density, and uniformity in x-ray heated iron/magnesium samples for opacity measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagayama, T.; Bailey, J. E.; Loisel, G.; Hansen, S. B.; Rochau, G. A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Mancini, R. C. [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); MacFarlane, J. J.; Golovkin, I. [Prism Computational Sciences, Madison, Wisconsin 53703 (United States)] [Prism Computational Sciences, Madison, Wisconsin 53703 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental tests are in progress to evaluate the accuracy of the modeled iron opacity at solar interior conditions, in particular to better constrain the solar abundance problem [S. Basu and H. M. Antia, Phys. Rep. 457, 217 (2008)]. Here, we describe measurements addressing three of the key requirements for reliable opacity experiments: control of sample conditions, independent sample condition diagnostics, and verification of sample condition uniformity. The opacity samples consist of iron/magnesium layers tamped by plastic. By changing the plastic thicknesses, we have controlled the iron plasma conditions to reach (1) T{sub e}?=?167?±?3?eV and n{sub e}?=?(7.1?±?1.5)×?10{sup 21}?cm{sup ?3}, (2) T{sub e}?=?170?±?2?eV and n{sub e}?=?(2.0?±?0.2)?×?10{sup 22}?cm{sup ?3}, and (3) T{sub e}?=?196?±?6?eV and n{sub e}?=?(3.8?±?0.8)?×?10{sup 22}?cm{sup ?3}, which were measured by magnesium tracer K-shell spectroscopy. The opacity sample non-uniformity was directly measured by a separate experiment where Al is mixed into the side of the sample facing the radiation source and Mg into the other side. The iron condition was confirmed to be uniform within their measurement uncertainties by Al and Mg K-shell spectroscopy. The conditions are suitable for testing opacity calculations needed for modeling the solar interior, other stars, and high energy density plasmas.

  2. Service Description Unit Rate in $ Invoice Description Database Administration (1 to 600 MB) MB/Month 0.550 DATABASE 1-600 MB/MO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service Description Unit Rate in $ Invoice Description Database Administration (1 to 600 MB) MB/Month 0.550 DATABASE 1-600 MB/MO Database Administration (601 to 950 MB) MB/Month 0.290 DATABASE 601-950 MB/MO Database Administration (951 to 3,000 MB) MB/Month 0.200 DATABASE 951-3,000 MB/MO Database

  3. Service Description Unit Rate in $ Invoice Description Database Administration (1 to 600 MB) MB/Month 0.500 DATABASE 1-600 MB/MO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service Description Unit Rate in $ Invoice Description Database Administration (1 to 600 MB) MB/Month 0.500 DATABASE 1-600 MB/MO Database Administration (601 to 950 MB) MB/Month 0.265 DATABASE 601-950 MB/MO Database Administration (951 to 3,000 MB) MB/Month 0.175 DATABASE 951-3,000 MB/MO Database

  4. Martensitic transformation behaviors of rapidly solidified Ti–Ni–Mo powders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Yeon-wook, E-mail: ywk@kmu.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials, Keimyung University, 1000 Shindang-dong, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 704-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Advanced Materials, Keimyung University, 1000 Shindang-dong, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 704-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For the fabrication of bulk near-net-shape shape memory alloys and porous metallic biomaterials, consolidation of Ti–Ni–Mo alloy powders is more useful than that of elemental powders of Ti, Ni and Mo. Ti{sub 50}Ni{sub 49.9}Mo{sub 0.1} shape memory alloy powders were prepared by gas atomization, and transformation temperatures and microstructures of those powders were investigated as a function of powder size. XRD analysis showed that the B2–R–B19 martensitic transformation occurred in powders smaller than 150 ?m. According to DSC analysis of the as-atomized powders, the B2–R transformation temperature (T{sub R}) of the 25–50 ?m powders was 18.4 °C. The T{sub R} decreased with increasing powder size, however, the difference in T{sub R} between 25–50 ?m powders and 100–150 ?m powders is only 1 °C. Evaluation of powder microstructures was based on SEM examination of the surface and the polished and etched powder cross sections and the typical images of the rapidly solidified powders showed cellular morphology. Porous cylindrical foams of 10 mm diameter and 1.5 mm length were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 800 °C and 5 MPa. Finally these porous TiNi alloy samples are heat-treated for 1 h at 850 °C, and then quenched in ice water. The bulk samples have 23% porosity and 4.6 g/cm{sup 3} density and their T{sub R} is 17.8 °C.

  5. Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimring, Mark

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2011 Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) toCounty, MO Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) arerange of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer

  6. COMBATING THE PURPLE BOTANICAL PLAGUE: EVALUATION OF COLLETOTRICHUM GLOEOSPORIOIDES F. SP. MICONIAE FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF MICONIA CALVESCENS IN MO’OREA, FRENCH POLYNESIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Irene Y

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gloeosporioides, elevation, endophyte community, Mo’orea,occur upon contact: the endophyte fungus outcompeted theelevation gradient having 25 endophyte competition plates.

  7. Beta-decay properties of Zr and Mo neutron-rich isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Sarriguren; J. Pereira

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamow-Teller strength distributions, beta-decay half-lives, and beta-delayed neutron emission are investigated in neutron-rich Zr and Mo isotopes within a deformed quasiparticle random-phase approximation. The approach is based on a self-consistent Skyrme Hartree-Fock mean field with pairing correlations and residual separable particle-hole and particle-particle forces. Comparison with recent measurements of half-lives stresses the important role that nuclear deformation plays in the description of beta-decay properties in this mass region.

  8. Electronic structure of CdMoO{sub 4} using Compton scattering technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Khushboo, E-mail: khushboo.phy@gmail.com; Ahuja, B. L. [Department of Physics, University College of Science, M.L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur-313001 (India); Sahariya, Jagrati [Department of Physics, Manipal University, Jaipur-303007 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The first ever Compton profile of polycrystalline CdMoO{sub 4} has been measured using {sup 137}Cs spectrometer. The results are compared with theoretical Compton profiles deduced from free atom and linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) methods. We have also computed the energy bands using density functional theory (DFT) within LCAO. The computed bands confirm the semiconducting behaviour of this compound. It is seen that the DFT theoretical profile (with local density approximation) gives a better agreement with the experimental Compton data than free atom Compton profile.

  9. FULL SIZE U-10MO MONOLITHIC FUEL FOIL AND FUEL PLATE FABRICATION-TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. A. Moore; J-F Jue; B. H. Rabin; M. J. Nilles

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Full-size U10Mo foils are being developed for use in high density LEU monolithic fuel plates. The application of a zirconium barrier layer too the foil is applied using a hot co-rolling process. Aluminum clad fuel plates are fabricated using Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) or a Friction Bonding (FB) process. An overview is provided of ongoing technology development activities, including: the co-rolling process, foil shearing/slitting and polishing, cladding bonding processes, plate forming, plate-assembly swaging, and fuel plate characterization. Characterization techniques being employed include, Ultrasonic Testing (UT), radiography, and microscopy.

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Downtown Site - MO 02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -K LeDowntown Site - MO 02 FUSRAP

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis University - MO 0-02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -K LeDowntown Site - MO 02 FUSRAPSt Louis

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- United Nuclear Corp - MO 0-03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -K LeDowntownUnited Nuclear Corp - MO 0-03

  13. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-MO.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdf Jump to:Originalfaq.pdfFinal.pdf JumpIN.pdfMO.pdf Jump to:

  14. Single-crystal structure of vanadium-doped La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alekseeva, O. A., E-mail: olalex@ns.crys.ras.ru; Antipin, A. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Gagor, A.; Pietraszko, A. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research (Poland)] [Polish Academy of Sciences, Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research (Poland); Novikova, N. E.; Sorokina, N. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Kharitonova, E. P.; Voronkova, V. I. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)] [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-precision X-ray diffraction study of single crystals of two compositions-La{sub 2}Mo{sub 1.78}V{sub 0.22}O{sub 8.89} and La{sub 2}Mo{sub 1.64}V{sub 0.36}O{sub 8.82}-was performed. In the vanadium-doped compounds, as in the structure of the metastable {beta}{sub ms} phase of pure La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9}, the La and Mo atoms and one of the three oxygen atoms are displaced from the threefold axis, on which they are located in the high-temperature {beta} phase. The structure contains two partially occupied oxygen sites. It was shown that molybdenum atoms are partially replaced by vanadium atoms, which are not involved in the disordering, are located on the threefold axis, and are shifted toward one of the oxygen atoms. This is consistent with the temperature-induced changes in the structure of La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9} and the changes in the properties of these crystals caused by the introduction of vanadium atoms into the structure.

  15. MO: ZL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I ThisS11220Grand

  16. Effects of variable nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with and without magnesium sulfate on the availability of soil nutrients and the percentage composition and yield of Coastal Bermuda grass forage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, Nathan Jackson

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF VARIABLE NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS TREATMENTS WITH AND WITHOUT MAGNESIUM SULFATE ON THE AVAILABILITY OF SOIL NUTRIENTS AND THE PERCENI'AGE COMPOSITION AND YIELD OF COASTAL BERMUDA GRASS FORAGE A Thesis Nathan J ~ Cain Approved...'i~see o ' . ~lant tissue data IV. Analysis of variance of soil phosphorus (P) data V. Analysis of variance of' soil calcium (Ca) data VI. Analysis of variance of soil magnesium (Mg) data VII. Analysis of variance of scil potassium (K) data 34 35 36...

  17. /sup 238/PuO/sub 2//Mo-50 wt% Re compatibility at 800 and 1000/sup 0/C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaeffer, D.R.; Teaney, P.E.

    1980-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The compatibility of Mo-50 wt % Re with /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ was investigated after heat treatments of up to 720 days at 800/sup 0/C and 180 days at 1000/sup 0/C. At 800/sup 0/C, a 1-..mu..m thick, continuous layer of molybdenum oxide resulted. At 1000/sup 0/C, the oxide reaction product contained some plutonium and did not appear continuous. At 1000/sup 0/C, a layer of intermetallic formed at the Mo-Re edge, beneath the oxide layer, creating a barrier between the Mo-50 wt % Re and the /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/. The intermetallic layer was promoted by the iron impurity in the /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/.

  18. LASER TRIGGERED GAS SWITCHES UTILIZING BEAM TRANSPORT THROUGH 1 MO-cm DEIONIZED WATER.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodworth, Joseph Ray; Lehr, Jane [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Blickem, James R.; Wallace, Zachariah R.; Anaya, Victor Jr; Corley, John P; Lott, John; Hodge, Keith; Zameroski, Nathan D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the successful attempts to trigger high voltage pressurized gas switches by utilizing beam transport through 1 MO-cm deionized water. The wavelength of the laser radiation was 532 nm. We have investigated Nd: YAG laser triggering of a 6 MV, SF6 insulated gas switch for a range of laser and switch parameters. Laser wavelength of 532 nm with nominal pulse lengths of 10 ns full width half maximum (FWHM) were used to trigger the switch. The laser beam was transported through 67 cm-long cell of 1 MO-cm deionized water constructed with anti reflection UV grade fused silica windows. The laser beam was then focused to form a breakdown arc in the gas between switch electrodes. Less than 10 ns jitter in the operation of the switch was obtained for laser pulse energies of between 80-110 mJ. Breakdown arcs more than 35 mm-long were produced by using a 70 cm focusing optic.

  19. Shape controlled synthesis of CaMoO{sub 4} thin films and their photoluminescence property

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marques, Ana Paula de Azevedo [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Eletroquimica e Ceramica, Departamento de Quimica, Centro Multidisciplinar de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Ceramicos, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, C. Postal 676, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: apamarques@liec.ufscar.br; Longo, Valeria M. [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Eletroquimica e Ceramica, Departamento de Quimica, Centro Multidisciplinar de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Ceramicos, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, C. Postal 676, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Melo, Dulce M.A. de [Laboratorio de Analise Termica e Materiais, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil); Pizani, Paulo S. [Laboratorio de Semicondutores, Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, C. Postal 676, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Leite, Edson R. [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Eletroquimica e Ceramica, Departamento de Quimica, Centro Multidisciplinar de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Ceramicos, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, C. Postal 676, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Varela, Jose Arana [CMDMC, LIEC, Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 14801-907 Araraquara, SP (Brazil); Longo, Elson [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Eletroquimica e Ceramica, Departamento de Quimica, Centro Multidisciplinar de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Ceramicos, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, C. Postal 676, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); CMDMC, LIEC, Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 14801-907 Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    CaMoO{sub 4} (CMO) disordered and ordered thin films were prepared by the complex polymerization method (CPM). The films were annealed at different temperatures and time in a conventional resistive furnace (RF) and in a microwave (MW) oven. The microstructure and surface morphology of the structure were monitored by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HRSEM). Order and disorder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and optical reflectance. A strong photoluminescence (PL) emission was observed in the disordered thin films and was attributed to complex cluster vacancies. The experimental results were compared with density functional and Hartree-Fock calculations. - Graphical abstract: CaMoO{sub 4} thin films were prepared by the complex polymerization method (CPM). The films were annealed at different temperatures and time in a conventional resistive furnace and in a microwave oven. A strong photoluminescence emission was observed in the disordered thin films and was attributed to complex cluster vacancies. The experimental results were confirmed by high level first principle calculations.

  20. On the bonding nature of electron states for the Fe-Mo double perovskite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carvajal, E.; Cruz-Irisson, M. [ESIME-Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Santa Ana 1000, C.P. 04430, México, D.F. (Mexico); Oviedo-Roa, R. [Programa de Investigación en Ingeniería Molecular, Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas Norte 152, C.P. 07730, México, D.F. (Mexico); Navarro, O. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 70-360, 04510, México, D.F. (Mexico)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic transport as well as the effect of an external magnetic field has been investigated on manganese-based materials, spinels and perovskites. Potential applications of double perovskites go from magnetic sensors to electrodes in solid-oxide fuel cells; besides the practical interests, it is known that small changes in composition modify radically the physical properties of double perovskites. We have studied the Sr{sub 2}FeMoO{sub 6} double perovskite compound (SFMO) using first-principles density functional theory. The calculations were done within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) scheme with the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) functional. We have made a detailed analysis of each electronic state and the charge density maps around the Fermi level. For the electronic properties of SFMO it was used a primitive cell, for which we found the characteristic half-metallic behavior density of states composed by e{sub g} and t{sub 2g} electrons from Fe and Mo atoms. Those peaks were tagged as bonding or antibonding around the Fermi level at both, valence and conduction bands.

  1. Transparent Conducting ZnO Thin Films Doped with Al and Mo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duenow, J.; Gessert, T.; Wood, D.; Young, D.; Coutts, T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) thin films are a vital part of photovoltaic cells, flat-panel displays, and electrochromic windows. ZnO-based TCOs, due to the relative abundance of Zn, may reduce production costs compared to those of the prevalent TCO In2O3:Sn (ITO). Undoped ZnO, ZnO:Al (0.5, 1, and 2 wt.% Al2O3), and ZnO:Mo (2 wt.%) films were deposited by RF magnetron sputtering. Controlled incorporation of H2 in the Ar sputtering ambient increased mobility of undoped ZnO by a factor of ~20 to 48 cm2V-1s-1. H2 also appears to catalyze ionization of dopants. This enabled lightly doped ZnO:Al to provide comparable conductivity to the standard 2 wt.%-doped ZnO:Al while demonstrating reduced infrared absorption. Mo was found to be an n-type dopant of ZnO, though material properties did not match those of ZnO:Al. Scattering mechanisms were investigated using temperature-dependent Hall measurements and the method of four coefficients. This abstract is subject to government rights.

  2. MoO3 as combined hole injection layer and tapered spacer in combinatorial multicolor microcavity organic light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, R.; Xu, Chun; Biswas, Rana; Shinar, Joseph; Shinar, Ruth

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multicolor microcavity ({mu}C) organic light-emitting diode (OLED) arrays were fabricated simply by controlling the hole injection and spacer MoO{sub 3} layer thickness. The normal emission was tunable from {approx}490 to 640 nm and can be further expanded. A compact, integrated spectrometer with two-dimensional combinatorial arrays of {mu}C OLEDs was realized. The MoO{sub 3} yields more efficient and stable devices, revealing a new breakdown mechanism. The pixel current density reaches {approx}4 A/cm{sup 2} and a maximal normal brightness {approx}140 000 Cd/m{sup 2}, which improves photoluminescence-based sensing and absorption measurements.

  3. Thermoelectric properties of M{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 6} (M =Tl,In)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verebelyi, D.T.; Payne, J.E.; Tessema, G.X.; Mengistu, E.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have measured the thermal conductivity of Tl{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 6}, a quasi-one dimensional conductor which belongs to the family of M{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}X{sub 6} linear chain compounds. Using these results and the measurements of the Seebeck coefficient and the electrical conductivity the authors estimate the dimensionless figure of merit to be of the order of 0.08. This result suggest that this compound and other related compounds are good potential TE.

  4. Semiconductor electrodes; XLV: photoelectrochemistry of n- and p-Type MoTe/sub 2/ in aqueous solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abruna, H.D.; Bard, A.J.; Hope, G.A.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MoTe/sub 2/ (n- and p-type) electrodes have been characterized in terms of the energetic location of the valence and conduction bands, their voltammetric behavior, and their potential utility in photoelectrochemical cells. They show behavior that is qualitatively similar to the other layered semiconductors in terms of the sensitivity of their properties to growth conditions and surface imperfections. PEC cells based on n-MoTe/sub 2/ with I/sup -//I/sub 2/ as a redox couple were constructed. These reached monochromatic light (He/Ne laser) to electrical conversion efficiencies of over 8%.

  5. Y{sub 2}MoSe{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Y{sub 2}MoTe{sub 3}O{sub 12}: Solid-state synthesis, structure determination, and characterization of two new quaternary mixed metal oxides containing asymmetric coordination environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bang, Seong-eun; Pan, Zhi; Kim, Yeong Hun; Lee, Dong Woo; Ok, Kang Min, E-mail: kmok@cau.ac.kr

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two new quaternary yttrium molybdenum selenium/tellurium oxides, Y{sub 2}MoSe{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Y{sub 2}MoTe{sub 3}O{sub 12} have been prepared by standard solid-state reactions using Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}, MoO{sub 3}, and SeO{sub 2} (or TeO{sub 2}) as reagents. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction was used to determine the crystal structures of the reported materials. Although both of the materials contain second-order Jahn–Teller (SOJT) distortive cations and are stoichiometrically similar, they reveal different structural features: while Y{sub 2}MoSe{sub 3}O{sub 12} shows a three-dimensional framework consisting of YO{sub 8}, MoO{sub 6}, and SeO{sub 3} groups, Y{sub 2}MoTe{sub 3}O{sub 12} exhibits a layered structure composed of YO{sub 8}, MoO{sub 4}, TeO{sub 3}, and TeO{sub 4} polyhedra. With the Mo{sup 6+} cations in Y{sub 2}MoSe{sub 3}O{sub 12}, a C{sub 3}-type intraoctahedral distortion toward a face is observed, in which the direction of the out-of-center distortion for Mo{sup 6+} is away from the oxide ligand linked to a Se{sup 4+} cation. The Se{sup 4+} and Te{sup 4+} cations in both materials are in asymmetric coordination environment attributed to the lone pairs. Elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, thermal analyses, intraoctahedral distortions, and dipole moment calculations for the compounds are also presented. - Graphical abstract: Y{sub 2}MoSe{sub 3}O{sub 12} reveals a three-dimensional framework consisting of YO{sub 8}, MoO{sub 6}, and SeO{sub 3} polyhedra, whereas Y{sub 2}MoTe{sub 3}O{sub 12} exhibits a layered structure composed of YO{sub 8}, MoO{sub 4}, TeO{sub 3}, and TeO{sub 4} groups. - Highlights: • Two new selenite and tellurite (Y{sub 2}MoQ{sub 3}O{sub 12}; Q=Se and Te) are synthesized. • Y{sub 2}MoQ{sub 3}O{sub 12} contain second-order Jahn–Teller distortive cations in asymmetric environments. • The intra-octahedral distortion of the Mo{sup 6+} is influenced by the Se{sup 4+}.

  6. Guidelines and Procedures for Motion Picture/Video/Film or Photography of and on the campus of the University of Missouri, Columbia MO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    of the University of Missouri, Columbia MO. The University of Missouri-Columbia, which houses the state of Missouri University of Missouri 311 Jesse Hall Columbia MO 65211-1240 Fax: 573.884.5446 The completed application producers, directors and their crew wish to use University property to produce films, television shows

  7. Controlled, Defect-Guided, Metal-Nanoparticle Incorporation onto MoS2 via Chemical and Microwave Routes: Electrical, Thermal, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Vikas

    show that MoS2 can be applied effectively in sensing,6,7 energy harvesting,8 and photoelectronicControlled, Defect-Guided, Metal-Nanoparticle Incorporation onto MoS2 via Chemical and Microwave via both diffusion limited aggregation and instantaneous reaction arresting (using microwaves

  8. Preparation and structural study from neutron diffraction data of Pr{sub 5}Mo{sub 3}O{sub 16}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Lope, M.J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain. (Spain); Alonso, J.A., E-mail: ja.alonso@icmm.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain. (Spain); Sheptyakov, D.; Pomjakushin, V. [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The title compound has been prepared as polycrystalline powder by thermal treatments of mixtures of Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11} and MoO{sub 2} in air. In the literature, an oxide with a composition Pr{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} has been formerly described to present interesting catalytic properties, but its true stoichiometry and crystal structure are reported here for the first time. It is cubic, isostructural with CdTm{sub 4}Mo{sub 3}O{sub 16} (space group Pn-3n, Z=8), with a=11.0897(1) A. The structure contains MoO{sub 4} tetrahedral units, with Mo-O distances of 1.788(2) A, fully long-range ordered with PrO{sub 8} polyhedra; in fact it can be considered as a superstructure of fluorite (M{sub 8}O{sub 16}), containing 32 MO{sub 2} fluorite formulae per unit cell, with a lattice parameter related to that of cubic fluorite (a{sub f}=5.5 A) as a{approx}2a{sub f}. A bond valence study indicates that Mo exhibits a mixed oxidation state between 5+ and 6+ (perhaps accounting for the excellent catalytic properties). One kind of Pr atoms is trivalent whereas the second presents a mixed Pr{sup 3+}-Pr{sup 4+} oxidation state. The similarity of the XRD pattern with that published for Ce{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} suggests that this compound also belongs to the same structural type, with an actual stoichiometry Ce{sub 5}Mo{sub 3}O{sub 16}. -- Graphical Abstract: Formerly formulated as Pr{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, the title compound is a cubic superstructure of fluorite (a=11.0897(1) A, space group Pn-3n) due to the long-range ordering of PrO{sub 8} scalenohedra and MoO{sub 4} tetrahedral units, showing noticeable shifts of the oxygen positions in order to provide a tetrahedral coordination for Mo ions. A mixed valence Mo{sup 5+}-Mo{sup 6+} is identified, which could account for the excellent catalytic properties of this material. Display Omitted

  9. Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, R I; Runcorn, T H; Hu, G; Torrisi, F; Kelleher, E J R; Hasan, T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We fabricate a free-standing molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) saturable absorber by embedding liquid-phase exfoliated few-layer MoSe2 flakes into a polymer film. The MoSe2-polymer composite is used to Q-switch fiber lasers based on ytterbium (Yb), erbium (Er) and thulium (Tm) gain fiber, producing trains of microsecond-duration pulses with kilohertz repetition rates at 1060 nm, 1566 nm and 1924 nm, respectively. Such operating wavelengths correspond to sub-bandgap saturable absorption in MoSe2, which is explained in the context of edge-states, building upon studies of other semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based saturable absorbers. Our work adds few-layer MoSe2 to the growing catalog of TMDs with remarkable optical properties, which offer new opportunities for photonic devices.

  10. Toward epitaxially grown two-dimensional crystal hetero-structures: Single and double MoS{sub 2}/graphene hetero-structures by chemical vapor depositions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Meng-Yu [Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, Chung-En [Department of Photonics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Wang, Cheng-Hung [Institute of Display, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Su, Chen-Fung; Chen, Chi [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Lee, Si-Chen [Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Lin, Shih-Yen, E-mail: shihyen@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Uniform large-size MoS{sub 2}/graphene hetero-structures fabricated directly on sapphire substrates are demonstrated with layer-number controllability by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The cross-sectional high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images provide the direct evidences of layer numbers of MoS{sub 2}/graphene hetero-structures. Photo-excited electron induced Fermi level shift of the graphene channel are observed on the single MoS{sub 2}/graphene hetero-structure transistors. Furthermore, double hetero-structures of graphene/MoS{sub 2}/graphene are achieved by CVD fabrication of graphene layers on top of the MoS{sub 2}, as confirmed by the cross-sectional HRTEM. These results have paved the possibility of epitaxially grown multi-hetero-structures for practical applications.

  11. Mechanical properties and microstructures of a magnesium alloy gas tungsten arc welded with a cadmium chloride flux

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z.D. [State Key Laboratory of Material Surface Modification by Laser, Ion, and Beams, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Liu, L.M. [State Key Laboratory of Material Surface Modification by Laser, Ion, and Beams, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)], E-mail: liulm@dlut.edu.cn; Shen, Y.; Wang, L. [State Key Laboratory of Material Surface Modification by Laser, Ion, and Beams, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas tungsten arc (GTA) welds were prepared on 5-mm thick plates of wrought magnesium AZ31B alloy, using an activated flux. The microstructural characteristics of the weld joint were investigated using optical and scanning microscopy, and the fusion zone microstructure was compared with that of the base metal. The elemental distribution was also investigated by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). Mechanical properties were determined by standard tensile tests on small-scale specimens. The as-welded fusion zone prepared using a CdCl{sub 2} flux exhibited a larger grain size than that prepared without flux; the microstructure consisted of matrix {alpha}-Mg, eutectic {alpha}-Mg and {beta}-Al{sub 12}Mg{sub 17}. The HAZ was observed to be slightly wider for the weld prepared with a CdCl{sub 2} flux compared to that prepared without flux; thus the tensile strength was lower for the flux-prepared weld. The fact that neither Cd nor Cl was detected in the weld seam by EPMA indicates that the CdCl{sub 2} flux has a small effect on convection in the weld pool.

  12. Abnormal distribution of microhardness in tungsten inert gas arc butt-welded AZ61 magnesium alloy plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu Nan [College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Shen Jun, E-mail: shenjun2626@163.com [College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Xie Weidong; Wang Linzhi; Wang Dan; Min Dong [College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the effects of heat input on the distribution of microhardness of tungsten inert gas (TIG) arc welded hot-extruded AZ61 magnesium alloy joints were investigated. The results show that with an increase of heat input, the distributions of microhardness at the top and bottom of the welded joints are different because they are determined by both the effect of grain coarsening and the effect of dispersion strengthening. With an increase of the heat input, the microhardness of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) at the top and bottom of welded joints and the fusion zone (FZ) at the bottom of welded joints decreased gradually, while the microhardness of the FZ at the top of welded joints decreased initially and then increased sharply. The reason for the abnormal distribution of microhardness of the FZ at the top of the welded joints is that this area is close to the heat source during welding and then large numbers of hard {beta}-Mg{sub 17}(Al,Zn){sub 12} particles are precipitated. Hence, in this case, the effect of dispersion strengthening dominated the microhardness.

  13. Thermodynamics of the conversion of calcium and magnesium fluorides to the parent metal oxides and hydrogen fluoride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, M.H.; Axler, K.M.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have used thermodynamic modeling to examine the reaction of calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}) and magnesium fluoride (MgF{sub 2}) with water (H{sub 2}O) at elevated temperatures. The calculated, equilibrium composition corresponds to the global free-energy minimum for the system. Optimum, predicted reaction temperatures and reactant mole ratios are reported for the recovery of hydrogen fluoride (HF), a valuable industrial feedstock. Complete conversion of MgF{sub 2} is found at 1,000 C and a ratio of 40 moles of H{sub 2}O per 1 mole of MgF{sub 2}. For CaF{sub 2}, temperatures as high as 1,400 C are required for complete conversion at a corresponding mole ratio of 40 moles of H{sub 2}O per 1 mole of CaF{sub 2}. The authors discuss the presence of minor chemical constituents as well as the stability of various potential container materials for the pyrohydrolysis reactions at elevated temperatures. CaF{sub 2} and MgF{sub 2} slags are available as wastes at former uranium production facilities within the Department of Energy Complex and other facilities regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Recovery of HF from these wastes is an example of environmental remediation at such facilities.

  14. Volume 177, number 2 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 15 February 1991 Cu titration of tilted CO on a MO( 110) surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    to the surface normal. Upon subsequent deposition of = 0.9 ML Cu at 95 Kfollowed by heating, infrared, in a weakening of the C-O bond [ l-41. The tilted CO can either dissociate into atomic C and 0 upon heating to z) surface. In this Letter, we present the results of studies on tilted CO on MO( 110) using infrared

  15. Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU Patrick A1 of South East Europe (SEE) agreed to conclude bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in order to develop their mutual trade and promote economic integration in the region. This approach implied

  16. Concept Feasibility Report for Using Co-Extrusion to Bond Metals to Complex Shapes of U-10Mo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavender, Curt A.; Paxton, Dean M.; Smith, Mark T.; Soulami, Ayoub; Joshi, Vineet V.; Burkes, Douglas

    2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the Convert Program of the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been investigating manufacturing processes for the uranium-10% molybdenum (U-10Mo) alloy plate fuel for the U.S. high-performance research reactors (USHPRR). This report documents the results of PNNL’s efforts to develop the extrusion process for this concept. The approach to the development of a co-extruded complex-shaped fuel has been described and an extrusion of DU-10Mo was made. The initial findings suggest that given the extrusion forces required for processing U-10Mo, the co-extrusion process can meet the production demands of the USHPRR fuel and may be a viable production method. The development activity is in the early stages and has just begun to identify technical challenges to address details such as dimensional tolerances and shape control. New extrusion dies and roll groove profiles have been developed and will be assessed by extrusion and rolling of U-10Mo during the next fiscal year. Progress on the development and demonstration of the co-extrusion process for flat and shaped fuel is reported in this document

  17. Prediction of U-Mo dispersion nuclear fuels with Al-Si alloy using artificial neural network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susmikanti, Mike, E-mail: mike@batan.go.id [Center for Development of Nuclear Informatics, National Nuclear Energy Agency, PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang (Indonesia); Sulistyo, Jos, E-mail: soj@batan.go.id [Center for Nuclear Facilities Engineering, National Nuclear Energy Agency, PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Dispersion nuclear fuels, consisting of U-Mo particles dispersed in an Al-Si matrix, are being developed as fuel for research reactors. The equilibrium relationship for a mixture component can be expressed in the phase diagram. It is important to analyze whether a mixture component is in equilibrium phase or another phase. The purpose of this research it is needed to built the model of the phase diagram, so the mixture component is in the stable or melting condition. Artificial neural network (ANN) is a modeling tool for processes involving multivariable non-linear relationships. The objective of the present work is to develop code based on artificial neural network models of system equilibrium relationship of U-Mo in Al-Si matrix. This model can be used for prediction of type of resulting mixture, and whether the point is on the equilibrium phase or in another phase region. The equilibrium model data for prediction and modeling generated from experimentally data. The artificial neural network with resilient backpropagation method was chosen to predict the dispersion of nuclear fuels U-Mo in Al-Si matrix. This developed code was built with some function in MATLAB. For simulations using ANN, the Levenberg-Marquardt method was also used for optimization. The artificial neural network is able to predict the equilibrium phase or in the phase region. The develop code based on artificial neural network models was built, for analyze equilibrium relationship of U-Mo in Al-Si matrix.

  18. The photocatalysis of Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under the irradiation of blue LED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yuanyuan; Wang, Wenzhong, E-mail: wzwang@mail.sic.ac.cn; Zhang, Ling; Sun, Songmei

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • ·OH trap and hole sink were involved to investigate the active radicals. • Holes play a more important role in the degradation of RhB. • The ·OH were related to the decomposition of phenol. • The ·O{sub 2}-played a leading role in the photodegradation of phenol. • Blue LED is competitive and promising alternative for the future application. - Abstract: Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} has been reported as a promising photocatalyst in wastewater treatment. The active radicals generated over the Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} during the photocatalytic process were thought to be hydroxyl radical (·OH) but have not been proved. Herein, Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} with nanoplate like morphology was synthesized and its photocatalytic performances in the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) and phenol as colored and colorless model pollutants respectively were evaluated under the irradiation of blue light emitting diode (LED). The tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) as a ·OH trap and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) as a hole sink were involved to investigate the main active groups that are generated on Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} and function during the photodegradation of RhB and phenol. In addition, it is a competitive and promising alternative plan to use blue LED as light source for the future practical application in environmental remediation.

  19. Characterization of Gas Metal Arc Welding welds obtained with new high Cr-Mo ferritic stainless steel filler wires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Characterization of Gas Metal Arc Welding welds obtained with new high Cr-Mo ferritic stainless Several compositions of metal cored filler wire were manufactured to define the best welding conditions for homogeneous welding, by Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) process, of a modified AISI 444 ferritic stainless steel

  20. Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable nanoparticle clusters have quite reversible lithium-ion insertion and extraction, showing the first discharge lithium reactions, i MPn LixMPn simple Li-ion interca- lation and ii MPn M LixM + LixP alloying followed

  1. Development and validation of capabilities to measure thermal properties of layered monolithic U-Mo alloy plate-type fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burkes, Douglas; Casella, Andrew M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Casella, Amanda J.; Edwards, Matthew K.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Pool, Karl N.; Smith, Frances N.; Steen, Franciska H.

    2014-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The uranium-molybdenum (U-Mo) alloy in a monolithic form has been proposed as one fuel design capable of converting some of the world’s highest power research reactors from the use of high enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU). One aspect of the fuel development and qualification process is to demonstrate appropriate understanding of thermal conductivity behavior of the fuel system as a function of temperature and expected irradiation conditions. The purpose of this paper is to verify and validate the functionality of equipment methods installed in hot cells for eventual measurements on irradiated uranium-molybdenum (U-Mo) monolithic fuel specimens, procedures to operate the equipment, and models to extract the desired thermal properties. The results presented here demonstrate the adequacy of the equipment, procedures and models that have been developed for this purpose based on measurements conducted on surrogate depleted uranium-molybdenum (DU-Mo) alloy samples containing a zirconium diffusion barrier and clad in aluminum alloy 6061 (AA6061). The results are in excellent agreement with thermal property data reported in the literature for similar U-Mo alloys as a function of temperature.

  2. Synergistic effects of MoDTC and ZDTP on frictional behaviour of tribofilms at the nanometer scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    conditions in automotive engines, lubricating oils contain several additives, among which there are detergent ways resulting either in synergies or in adverse effects affecting the oil performance regarding anti1 Synergistic effects of MoDTC and ZDTP on frictional behaviour of tribofilms at the nanometer

  3. Effect of Mo substitution by W on impact property of heat affected zone in duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huh, M.J.; Kim, S.B.; Paik, K.W.; Kim, Y.G. [Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering] [Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The duplex stainless steels are characterized by two phase structures composed of a mixture of austenite and ferrite phases. They offer high toughness, good weldability, satisfactory corrosion protection, excellent stress corrosion cracking resistance and high strength. Because of these characteristics, these steels have been widely used in various applications such as oil, gas, and chemical industries. Duplex stainless steels generally have suffered embrittlement when exposed at elevated temperature, i.e. above 300 C. To avoid this embrittlement, conventional duplex stainless steels are subject to solution treatment followed by water quenching in the final stage of production or fabrication, which limits the size of products. Kim et al. have recently reported that embrittlement can be greatly reduced by the partial or full replacement of Mo by W in 22Cr-base duplex stainless steels. For the processing of duplex stainless steel, fusion welding is a major fabrication method for corrosion resistant applications. Therefore the welding behavior of these materials has to be fully defined. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Mo substitution by W on the impact property of simulated heat affected zones in 22Cr duplex stainless steels. Structural transformation associated with Mo substitution by W in HAZ has been also investigated on W-containing alloys and conventional 3% Mo duplex stainless steel.

  4. Effect of Composition on the Formation of Sigma during Single-Pass Welding of Mo-Bearing Stainless Steels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    by extending the solidification temperature range. Conversely, duplex and ferritic stainless steels, the advent of super-duplex stainless steels[8,12,17] with increased addi-bearing stainless steel compositions ranging from 0 to 10 wt pct Mo and over a broad range of Ni and Cr contents

  5. Synthesis of MoS? nano-petal forest supported on carbon nanotubes for enhanced field emission performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murawala, Aditya P.; Loh, Tamie A. J.; Chua, Daniel H. C., E-mail: msechcd@nus.edu.sg [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the fabrication of a three-dimensional forest of highly crystalline two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulfide (MoS?) nano-petals encapsulating vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNT) in a core-shell configuration. Growth was conducted via magnetron sputtering at room temperature and it was found that the nano-petal morphology was formed only when a critical threshold in sputter deposition time was reached. Below this threshold, an amorphous tubular structure composed of mainly molybdenum oxides dominates instead. The presence of the MoS? nano-petals was shown to impart photoluminescence to the CNTs, in addition to significantly enhancing their electron emission properties, where the turn-on field was lowered from 2.50 V?m?¹ for pristine CNTs to 0.80 V?m?¹ for MoS?-CNT heterostructures fabricated at 30 min sputter deposition time. Photoluminescence was detected at wavelengths of approximately 684 nm and 615 nm, with the band at 684 nm gradually blue-shifting as sputter time was increased. These results demonstrate that it is possible to synthesize 2D MoS? layers without the need for chemical routes and high growth temperatures.

  6. tinyMoBot: A Platform for Mobile Sensor Networks Torsten Stremlau, Christoph Weyer, and Volker Turau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    tinyMoBot: A Platform for Mobile Sensor Networks Torsten Stremlau, Christoph Weyer, and Volker or the whole network consist of mobile sen- sor nodes. Currently, no common platform is available. This paper are able to communicate with static nodes. Since a general mobile sensor network platform is not available

  7. Photodisintegration studies on p-nuclei: The case of Mo and Sm isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Nair; A. R. Junghans; M. Erhard; D. Bemmerer; R. Beyer; P. Crespo; E. Grosse; M. Fauth; K. Kosev; G. Rusev; K. D. Schilling; R. Schwengner; A. Wagner

    2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In explosive stellar environments like supernovae, the temperatures are high enough for the production of heavy neutron-deficient nuclei, the socalled p-nuclei. Up to now, the knowledge of the reaction rates of p-nuclei is based on theoretical parameterizations using statistical model calculations. At the bremsstrahlung facility of the superconducting electron accelerator ELBE of FZ Dresden-Rossendorf, we aim to measure the photodisintegration rates of heavy nuclei experimentally. Photoactivation measurements on the astrophysically relevant p-nuclei 92Mo and 144Sm have been performed with bremsstrahlung end-point energies from 10.0 to 16.5 MeV. First experiments on the short-lived decays following the reaction 144Sm(gamma,n) are carried out using a pneumatic delivery system for rapid transport of activated samples. The activation yields are compared with calculations using cross sections from recent Hauser-Feshbach models.

  8. Thermodynamic modeling and experimental validation of the Fe-Al-Ni-Cr-Mo alloy system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teng, Zhenke [ORNL; Zhang, F [CompuTherm LLC, Madison, WI; Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Liu, Chain T [Hong Kong Polytechnic University; Huang, Shenyan [ORNL; Chou, Y.T. [Multi-Phase Services Inc., Knoxville; Tien, R [Multi-Phase Services Inc., Knoxville; Chang, Y A [ORNL; Liaw, Peter K [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NiAl-type precipitate-strengthened ferritic steels have been known as potential materials for the steam turbine applications. In this study, thermodynamic descriptions of the B2-NiAl type nano-scaled precipitates and body-centered-cubic (BCC) Fe matrix phase for four alloys based on the Fe-Al-Ni-Cr-Mo system were developed as a function of the alloy composition at the aging temperature. The calculated phase structure, composition, and volume fraction were validated by the experimental investigations using synchrotron X-ray diffraction and atom probe tomography. With the ability to accurately predict the key microstructural features related to the mechanical properties in a given alloy system, the established thermodynamic model in the current study may significantly accelerate the alloy design process of the NiAl-strengthened ferritic steels.

  9. Intense femtosecond photoexcitation of bulk and monolayer MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paradisanos, I.; Fotakis, C. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL), Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion 71003 (Greece); Physics Department, University of Crete, Heraklion 71003 (Greece); Kymakis, E. [Center of Materials Technology and Photonics and Electrical Engineering Department, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Crete, Heraklion 71003 (Greece); Kioseoglou, G. [Materials Science and Technology Department, University of Crete, Heraklion 71003 (Greece); Stratakis, E., E-mail: stratak@iesl.forth.gr [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL), Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion 71003 (Greece); Materials Science and Technology Department, University of Crete, Heraklion 71003 (Greece)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of femtosecond laser irradiation on bulk and single-layer MoS{sub 2} on silicon oxide is studied. Optical, field emission scanning electron microscopy and Raman microscopy were used to quantify the damage. The intensity of A{sub 1g} and E{sub 2g}{sup 1} vibrational modes was recorded as a function of the number of irradiation pulses. The observed behavior was attributed to laser-induced bond breaking and subsequent atoms removal due to electronic excitations. The single-pulse optical damage threshold was determined for the monolayer and bulk under 800?nm and 1030?nm pulsed laser irradiation, and the role of two-photon versus one photon absorption effects is discussed.

  10. Indirect-direct band gap transition through electric tuning in bilayer MoS{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z. Y.; Si, M. S., E-mail: sims@lzu.edu.cn; Wang, Y. H.; Gao, X. P. [Key laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730 000 (China)] [Key laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730 000 (China); Sung, Dongchul; Hong, Suklyun [Graphene Research Institute, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747 (Korea, Republic of)] [Graphene Research Institute, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747 (Korea, Republic of); He, Junjie [Department of Physics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411 105 (China)] [Department of Physics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411 105 (China)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the electronic properties of bilayer MoS{sub 2} exposed to an external electric field by using first-principles calculations. It is found that a larger interlayer distance, referring to that by standard density functional theory (DFT) with respect to that by DFT with empirical dispersion corrections, makes indirect-direct band gap transition possible by electric control. We show that external electric field effectively manipulates the valence band contrast between the K- and ?-valleys by forming built-in electric dipole fields, which realizes an indirect-direct transition before a semiconductor-metal transition happens. Our results provide a novel efficient access to tune the electronic properties of two-dimensional layered materials.

  11. Irradiation effects on base metal and welds of 9Cr-1Mo (EM10) martensitic steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alamo, A.; Seran, J.L.; Rabouille, O.; Brachet, J.C.; Maillard, A.; Touron, H.; Royer, J. [CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    9Cr martensitic steels are being developed for core components (wrapper tubes) of fast breeder reactors as well as for fusion reactor structures. Here, the effects of fast neutron irradiation on the mechanical behavior of base metal and welds of 9Cr-1Mo (EM10) martensitic steel have been studied. Two types of weldments have been produced by TIG and electron beam techniques. Half of samples have been post-weld heat treated to produce a stress-relieved structure. The irradiation has been conducted in the Phenix reactor to doses of 63--65 dpa in the temperature range 450--459 C. The characterization of the welds, before and after irradiation, includes metallographic observations, hardness measurements, tensile and Charpy tests. It is shown that the mechanical properties of the welds after irradiation are in general similar to the characteristics obtained on the base metal, which is little affected by neutron irradiation.

  12. Microstructural Characterization of Irradiated U-7Mo/Al-5Si Dispersion to High Fission Density

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Gan; B. D. Miller; D. D. Keiser, Jr.; A. B. Robinson; J. W. Madden; P. G. Medvedev; D. M. Wachs

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fuel development program for research and test reactors calls for improved knowledge on the effect of microstructure on fuel performance in reactors. This work summarizes the recent TEM microstructural characterization of an irradiated U-7Mo/Al-5Si dispersion fuel plate (R3R050) irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at Idaho National Laboratory to 5.2×1021 fissions/cm3. While a large fraction of the fuel grains is decorated with large bubbles, there is no evidence showing interlinking of these large bubbles at the specified fission density. The attachment of solid fission product precipitates to the bubbles is likely the result of fission product diffusion into these bubbles. The process of fission gas bubble superlattice collapse appears through bubble coalescence. The results are compared with the previous TEM work of the dispersion fuels irradiated to lower fission density from the same fuel plate.

  13. Small-scale Specimen Testing of Monolithic U-Mo Fuel Foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramprashad Prabhakaran; Douglas E. Burkes; James I. Cole; Indrajit Charit; Daniel M. Wachs

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this investigation is to develop a shear punch testing (SPT) procedure and standardize it to evaluate the mechanical properties of irradiated fuels in a hot-cell so that the tensile behavior can be predicted using small volumes of material and at greatly reduced irradiation costs. This is highly important in the development of low-enriched uranium fuels for nuclear research and test reactors. The load-displacement data obtained using SPT can be interpreted in terms of and correlated with uniaxial mechanical properties. In order to establish a correlation between SPT and tensile data, sub-size tensile and microhardness testing were performed on U-Mo alloys. In addition, efforts are ongoing to understand the effect of test parameters (such as specimen thickness, surface finish, punch-die clearance, crosshead velocity and carbon content) on the measured mechanical properties, in order to rationalize the technique, prior to employing it on a material of unknown strength.

  14. Heat treated 9 Cr-1 Mo steel material for high temperature application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jablonski, Paul D.; Alman, David; Dogan, Omer; Holcomb, Gordon; Cowen, Christopher

    2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a composition and heat treatment for a high-temperature, titanium alloyed, 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibiting improved creep strength and oxidation resistance at service temperatures up to 650.degree. C. The novel combination of composition and heat treatment produces a heat treated material containing both large primary titanium carbides and small secondary titanium carbides. The primary titanium carbides contribute to creep strength while the secondary titanium carbides act to maintain a higher level of chromium in the finished steel for increased oxidation resistance, and strengthen the steel by impeding the movement of dislocations through the crystal structure. The heat treated material provides improved performance at comparable cost to commonly used high-temperature steels such as ASTM P91 and ASTM P92, and requires heat treatment consisting solely of austenization, rapid cooling, tempering, and final cooling, avoiding the need for any hot-working in the austenite temperature range.

  15. Waste Processing To Support {sup 99}Mo Production at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longley, Susan; Carson, Susan; McDonald, Marion

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Isotope Production Program at Sandia National Laboratories New Mexico (SNL/NM), procedures are being finalized for the production of {sup 99}Mo from the irradiation of {sup 235}U-coated stainless steel targets at the Technical Area (TA) V reactor and hot cell facilities. Methods have been identified and tested for the management of the non-product (waste) material as the final step in the production process. These methods were developed utilizing the waste material from a series of cold and hot tests, beginning with depleted uranium powder and culminating with a test involving an irradiated {sup 235}U target with an initial fission product inventory of approximately 18,000 Ci at the end of the irradiation cycle.

  16. Induced codeposition. 2: A mathematical model describing the electrodeposition of Ni-Mo alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlaha, E.J.; Landolt, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steady-state mathematical model was developed to predict the behavior of the induced codeposition of Ni-Mo alloys in the kinetic and mass-transport controlled regions on rotating cylinder electrodes. The kinetic regions were characterized by a simple Tafel expression. A Nernst boundary layer representation described the mass transfer of ions through a diffusion layer. The governing features of the induced codeposition mechanism included soluble nickel acting as a catalyst to the molybdenum deposition and the generation of an absorbed intermediate species on the electrode surface. The resulting alloy composition was simulated for two electrolytes over a wide range of current densities and electrode rotation rates. The model predictions agreed with the observed trends in the experimental data.

  17. Development of an energy-use estimation methodology for the revised Navy Manual MO-303

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, E.E.; Keller, J.M.; Wood, A.G.; Dittmer, A.L.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Navy commissioned Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to revise and/or update the Navy Utilities Targets Manual, NAVFAC MO-303 (U.S. Navy 1972b). The purpose of the project was to produce a current, applicable, and easy-to-use version of the manual for use by energy and facility engineers and staff at all Navy Public Works Centers (PWCs), Public Works Departments (PWDs), Engineering Field Divisions (EFDs), and other related organizations. The revision of the MO-303 manual involved developing a methodology for estimating energy consumption in buildings and ships. This methodology can account for, and equitably allocate, energy consumption within Navy installations. The analyses used to develop this methodology included developing end-use intensities (EUIs) from a vast collection of Navy base metering and billing data. A statistical analysis of the metering data, weather data, and building energy-use characteristics was used to develop appropriate EUI values for use at all Navy bases. A complete Navy base energy reconciliation process was also created for use in allocating all known energy consumption. Initial attempts to use total Navy base consumption values did not produce usable results. A parallel effort using individual building consumption data provided an estimating method that incorporated weather effects. This method produced a set of building EUI values and weather adjustments for use in estimating building energy use. A method of reconciling total site energy consumption was developed based on a {open_quotes}zero-sum{close_quotes} principle. This method provides a way to account for all energy use and apportion part or all of it to buildings and other energy uses when actual consumption is not known. The entire text of the manual was also revised to present a more easily read understood and usable document.

  18. NUMERICAL SIMULATION FOR MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF U10MO MONOLITHIC MINIPLATES FOR RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakan Ozaltun & Herman Shen

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents assessment of the mechanical behavior of U-10wt% Mo (U10Mo) alloy based monolithic fuel plates subject to irradiation. Monolithic, plate-type fuel is a new fuel form being developed for research and test reactors to achieve higher uranium densities within the reactor core to allow the use of low-enriched uranium fuel in high-performance reactors. Identification of the stress/strain characteristics is important for understanding the in-reactor performance of these plate-type fuels. For this work, three distinct cases were considered: (1) fabrication induced residual stresses (2) thermal cycling of fabricated plates; and finally (3) transient mechanical behavior under actual operating conditions. Because the temperatures approach the melting temperature of the cladding during the fabrication and thermal cycling, high temperature material properties were incorporated to improve the accuracy. Once residual stress fields due to fabrication process were identified, solution was used as initial state for the subsequent simulations. For thermal cycling simulation, elasto-plastic material model with thermal creep was constructed and residual stresses caused by the fabrication process were included. For in-service simulation, coupled fluid-thermal-structural interaction was considered. First, temperature field on the plates was calculated and this field was used to compute the thermal stresses. For time dependent mechanical behavior, thermal creep of cladding, volumetric swelling and fission induced creep of the fuel foil were considered. The analysis showed that the stresses evolve very rapidly in the reactor. While swelling of the foil increases the stress of the foil, irradiation induced creep causes stress relaxation.

  19. Experimental and Theoretical EPR Study of Jahn?Teller-Active [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL Complexes (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3])

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNaughton, Rebecca L.

    The trigonally symmetric Mo(III) coordination compounds [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3]; [HIPTN3N]Mo = [(3,5-(2,4,6-i-Pr[subscript 3]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 2])[subscript 2]C[subscript ...

  20. M5Si3(M=Ti, Nb, Mo) Based Transition-Metal Silicides for High Temperature Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhihong Tang

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal silicides are being considered for future engine turbine components at temperatures up to 1600 C. Although significant improvement in high temperature strength, room temperature fracture toughness has been realized in the past decade, further improvement in oxidation resistance is needed. Oxidation mechanism of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloys was investigated. Oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloy strongly depends on the atmosphere. Presence of Nitrogen alters the oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3} by nucleation and growth of nitride subscale. Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3.2} and Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}C{sub 0.5} alloys exhibited an excellent oxidation resistance in nitrogen bearing atmosphere due to limited dissolution of nitrogen and increased Si/Ti activity ratio. MoSi{sub 2} coating developed by pack cementation to protect Mo-based Mo-Si-B composites was found to be effective up to 1500 C. Shifting coating composition to T1+T2+Mo{sub 3}Si region showed the possibility to extend the coating lifetime above 1500 C by more than ten times via formation of slow growing Mo{sub 3}Si or T2 interlayer without sacrificing the oxidation resistance of the coating. The phase equilibria in the Nb-rich portion of Nb-B system has been evaluated experimentally using metallographic analysis and differential thermal analyzer (DTA). It was shown that Nb{sub ss} (solid solution) and NbB are the only two primary phases in the 0-40 at.% B composition range, and the eutectic reaction L {leftrightarrow} Nb{sub SS} + NbB was determined to occur at 2104 {+-} 5 C by DTA.

  1. Development of cryogenic low background detector based on enriched zinc molybdate crystal scintillators to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chernyak, Dmitry

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ZnMoO$_4$ scintillators with a mass of $\\sim$ 0.3 kg, as well as Zn$^{100}$MoO$_4$ crystals enriched in the isotope $^{100}$Mo were produced for the first time by using the low-thermal-gradient Czochralski technique. The optical and luminescent properties of the produced crystals were studied to estimate the progress in crystal growth quality. The low-temperature tests with a 313 g ZnMoO$_4$ and two enriched Zn$^{100}$MoO$_4$ crystals were performed aboveground in the Centre de Sciences Nucl\\'eaires et de Sciences de la Mati\\`ere. The low background measurements with a three ZnMoO$_4$ and two enriched detectors installed in the EDELWEISS set-up at the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane were carried out. To optimize the light collection in ZnMoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers, we have simulated the collection of scintillation photons in a detector module for different geometries by Monte Carlo method using the GEANT4 package. Response to the 2$\

  2. Method for generating a crystalline .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 product and the isolation .sup.99m Tc compositions therefrom

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Ralph G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Christian, Jerry D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kirkham, Robert J. (Blackfoot, ID); Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method for producing .sup.99m Tc compositions. .sup.100 Mo metal is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to produce .sup.99 Mo metal which is dissolved in a solvent. A solvated .sup.99 Mo product is then dried to generate a supply of .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 crystals. The crystals are thereafter heated at a temperature which will sublimate the crystals and form a gaseous mixture containing vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.3 and vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.2 but will not cause the production of vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3. The mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled to a temperature sufficient to convert the vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7 into a condensed .sup.99m Tc-containing product. The product has high purity levels resulting from the use of reduced temperature conditions and ultrafine crystalline .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 starting materials with segregated .sup.99m Tc compositions therein which avoid the production of vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 contaminants.

  3. Method for generating a crystalline {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} product and the isolation {sup 99m}Tc compositions therefrom

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, R.G.; Christian, J.D.; Kirkham, R.J.; Tranter, T.J.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method is described for producing {sup 99m}Tc compositions. {sup 100}Mo metal is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to produce {sup 99}Mo metal which is dissolved in a solvent. A solvated {sup 99}Mo product is then dried to generate a supply of {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} crystals. The crystals are thereafter heated at a temperature which will sublimate the crystals and form a gaseous mixture containing vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 3} and vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 2} but will not cause the production of vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}. The mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7}. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled to a temperature sufficient to convert the vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} into a condensed {sup 99m}Tc-containing product. The product has high purity levels resulting from the use of reduced temperature conditions and ultrafine crystalline {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} starting materials with segregated {sup 99m}Tc compositions therein which avoid the production of vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} contaminants. 1 fig.

  4. Synthesis, crystal structure, and structural conversion of Ni molybdate hydrate NiMoO{sub 4}.nH{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eda, Kazuo, E-mail: eda@kobe-u.ac.j [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Kato, Yasuyuki; Ohshiro, Yu; Sugitani, Takamitu [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Whittingham, M. Stanley [Institute for Materials Research, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000 (United States)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The synthesis and crystal structure of NiMoO{sub 4}.nH{sub 2}O were investigated. The hydrate crystallized in the triclinic system with space group P-1, Z=4 with unit cell parameters of a=6.7791(2) A, b=6.8900(2) A, c=9.2486(2) A, {alpha}=76.681(2){sup o}, {beta}=83.960(2){sup o}, {gamma}=74.218(2){sup o}. Its ideal chemical composition was NiMoO{sub 4}.3/4H{sub 2}O rather than NiMoO{sub 4}.1H{sub 2}O. Under hydrothermal conditions the hydrate turned directly into {alpha}-NiMoO{sub 4} above 483 K, giving nanorods thinner than the crystallites of the mother hydrate. On the other hand, it turned into Anderson type of polyoxomolybdate via a solid-solution process in a molybdate solution at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: NiMoO{sub 4}.nH{sub 2}O crystallized in the triclinic system with space group P-1, and its ideal chemical composition was NiMoO{sub 4}.3/4H{sub 2}O rather than NiMoO{sub 4}.1H{sub 2}O.

  5. SOIL TEST INTERPRETATIONS RECOMMENDATIONS HANDBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    1 SOIL TEST INTERPRETATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS HANDBOOK Originally written 1983 By Daryl D..................................................20 SOIL ACIDITY AND LIMESTONE...............................................27 EXCHANGEABLE MAGNESIUM No. Page No. I. Nitrogen rate adjustments based upon soil texture, organic matter, and time of major

  6. Results of U-xMo (x=7, 10, 12 wt.%) Alloy versus Al-6061 Cladding Diffusion Couple Experiments Performed at 500, 550 and 600 Degrees C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emmanuel Perez; Dennis D. Keiser, Jr.; Yongho Sohn

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program has been developing low enrichment fuel systems encased in Al 6061 for use in research and test reactors. U–Mo alloys in contact with Al and Al alloys can undergo diffusional interactions that can result in the development of interdiffusion zones with complex fine-grained microstructures composed of multiple phases. A monolithic fuel currently being developed by the RERTR program has local regions where the U–Mo fuel plate is in contact with the Al 6061 cladding and, as a result, the program finds information about interdiffusion zone development at high temperatures of interest. In this study, the microstructural development of diffusion couples consisting of U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo, and U-12wt.%Mo vs. Al 6061 (or 6061 aluminum) cladding, annealed at 500, 550, 600 degrees C for 1, 5, 20, 24, or 132 hours, was analyzed by backscatter electron microscopy and x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy on a scanning electron microscope. Concentration profiles were determined by standardized wavelength dispersive spectroscopy and standardless x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results of this work shows that the presence of surface layers at the U–Mo/Al 6061 interface can dramatically impact the overall interdiffusion behavior in terms of rate of interaction and uniformity of the developed interdiffusion zones. It further reveals that relatively uniform interaction layers with higher Si concentrations can develop in U–Mo/Al 6061 couples annealed at shorter times and that longer times at temperature result in the development of more non-uniform interaction layers with more areas that are enriched in Al. At longer annealing times and relatively high temperatures, U–Mo/Al 6061 couples can exhibit more interaction compared to U–Mo/pure Al couples. The minor alloying constituents in Al 6061 cladding can result in the development of many complex phases in the interaction layer of U–Mo/Al–6061 cladding couples, and some phases in the interdiffusion zones of U–Mo/Al–6061 cladding couples are likely similar to those observed for U–Mo/pure Al couples.

  7. Development of Highly Durable and Reactive Regenerable Magnesium-Based Sorbents for CO2 Separation in Coal Gasification Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Javad Abbasian; Armin Hassanzadeh Khayyat; Rachid B. Slimane

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The specific objective of this project was to develop physically durable and chemically regenerable MgO-based sorbents that can remove carbon dioxide from raw coal gas at operating condition prevailing in IGCC processes. A total of sixty two (62) different sorbents were prepared in this project. The sorbents were prepared either by various sol-gel techniques (22 formulations) or modification of dolomite (40 formulations). The sorbents were prepared in the form of pellets and in granular forms. The solgel based sorbents had very high physical strength, relatively high surface area, and very low average pore diameter. The magnesium content of the sorbents was estimated to be 4-6 % w/w. To improve the reactivity of the sorbents toward CO{sub 2}, The sorbents were impregnated with potassium salts. The potassium content of the sorbents was about 5%. The dolomite-based sorbents were prepared by calcination of dolomite at various temperature and calcination environment (CO{sub 2} partial pressure and moisture). Potassium carbonate was added to the half-calcined dolomite through wet impregnation method. The estimated potassium content of the impregnated sorbents was in the range of 1-6% w/w. In general, the modified dolomite sorbents have significantly higher magnesium content, larger pore diameter and lower surface area, resulting in significantly higher reactivity compared to the sol-gel sorbents. The reactivities of a number of sorbents toward CO{sub 2} were determined in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) unit. The results indicated that at the low CO{sub 2} partial pressures (i.e., 1 atm), the reactivities of the sorbents toward CO{sub 2} are very low. At elevated pressures (i.e., CO{sub 2} partial pressure of 10 bar) the maximum conversion of MgO obtained with the sol-gel based sorbents was about 5%, which corresponds to a maximum CO{sub 2} absorption capacity of less than 1%. The overall capacity of modified dolomite sorbents were at least one order of magnitude higher than those of the sol-gel based sorbents. The results of the tests conducted with various dolomite-based sorbent indicate that the reactivity of the modified dolomite sorbent increases with increasing potassium concentration, while higher calcination temperature adversely affects the sorbent reactivity. Furthermore, the results indicate that as long as the absorption temperature is well below the equilibrium temperature, the reactivity of the sorbent improves with increasing temperature (350-425 C). As the temperature approaches the equilibrium temperature, because of the significant increase in the rate of reverse (i.e., regeneration) reaction, the rate of CO{sub 2} absorption decreases. The results of cyclic tests show that the reactivity of the sorbent gradually decreases in the cyclic process. To improve long-term durability (i.e., reactivity and capacity) of the sorbent, the sorbent was periodically re-impregnated with potassium additive and calcined. The results indicate that, in general, re-treatment improves the performance of the sorbent, and that, the extent of improvement gradually decreases in the cyclic process. The presence of steam significantly enhances the sorbent reactivity and significantly decreases the rate of decline in sorbent deactivation in the cyclic process.

  8. Cobalt-doped Bi{sub 26}Mo{sub 10}O{sub 69}: Crystal structure and conductivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mikhailovskaya, Z.A., E-mail: zozoikina@mail.ru [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Buyanova, E.S. [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Petrova, S.A. [Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 101 Amundsen Str., 620016 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Morozova, M.V.; Zhukovskiy, V.M. [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Zakharov, R.G. [Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 101 Amundsen Str., 620016 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Tarakina, N.V. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomayskaya Str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Experimentelle Physik III, Physikalisches Institut and Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen—Research Centre for Complex Material Systems, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg (Germany); Berger, I.F. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomayskaya Str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of cobalt-doped bismuth molybdates were synthesized and investigated using X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy. The ranges of solid solution were determined. Two new compounds, Bi{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34.5±?} (x=0.2) and Bi[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5?y}Co{sub y}O{sub 34.5±?} (y=0.2), which crystallise in monoclinic unit cells have been examined in detail by diffraction methods. Impedance spectroscopy measurements show that the studied materials are good ionic conductors with conductivity values about 5×10{sup ?3} S×cm{sup ?1} at 973 K and 1.7×10{sup ?4} S×cm{sup ?1} at 623 K, which are similar to conductivity values of yttrium substituted zirconia and (YSZ) gadolinium doped ceria (CGO). - Graphical abstract: Measured and calculated diffraction spectra for Bi{sub 12.8}Co{sub 0.2}Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34±?} and projection of the Bi{sub 12.8}Co{sub 0.2}Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34±?} crystal structure onto the ac plane. Highlights: • The limit of the Bi{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34.5±?} homogeneity range is equal to x=0.2. • The limit of the Bi[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5?y}Co{sub y}O{sub 34.5±?} homogeneity range is equal to y=0.2. • Solid solutions have monoclinic symmetry. No phase transition is observed. • The conductivity at 700° for y=0.2 solid solutions is equal to ?lg ?, S×cm{sup ?1}=2.23. • The conductivity at 350° for y=0.2 solid solutions is equal to ?lg ?, S×cm{sup ?1}=3.74.

  9. Electrical resistivity investigations over limestone caverns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Charles Osgood

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be calculated from ecuation (15) which, with twc current electrodes present, becomes The potentis. l difference between electrodes P& and P2 is (60) 25 where the denominators of the terms in the brackets are distances between electrodes...

  10. Preservation of limestone material culture with siloxanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ann Elizabeth

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    damaged areas were cut away and rebuilt in lime mortar with its constituents similar to the surrounding stonework (Marsh 1977). There is definite improvement to the overall appearance and stability of the Wells Cathedral after 20 years of conservation...

  11. Limestone, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and WindLighting Control Design JumpTexas: Energy

  12. Microstructure and corrosion behavior of die-cast AM60B magnesium alloys in a complex salt solution: A slow positron beam study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Y.F. [Wuhan University] [Wuhan University; Qin, Q.L. [Wuhan University] [Wuhan University; Yang, W. [Wuhan University] [Wuhan University; Wen, W. [University of Kentucky] [University of Kentucky; Zhai, T. [University of Kentucky] [University of Kentucky; Yu, B. [University of Alberta] [University of Alberta; Liu, D.Y. [University of Alberta] [University of Alberta; Luo, A. [GM Research and Development Center] [GM Research and Development Center; Song, GuangLing [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microstructure and corrosion behavior of high pressure die-cast (HPDC) and super vacuum die-cast (SVDC) AM60B magnesium alloys were investigated in a complex salt solution using slow positron beam technique and potentiodynamic polarization tests. The experiments revealed that a CaCO3 film was formed on the surface of the alloys and that the rate of CaCO3 formation for the SVDC alloy with immersion time was slower than that of the HPDC alloy. The larger volume fraction of b-phase in the skin layer of the SVDC alloy than that of the HPDC alloy was responsible for the better corrosion resistance.

  13. High-efficiency superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors fabricated from MoSi thin-films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verma, V B; Bussières, F; Horansky, R D; Dyer, S D; Lita, A E; Vayshenker, I; Marsili, F; Shaw, M D; Zbinden, H; Mirin, R P; Nam, S W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate high-efficiency superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) fabricated from MoSi thin-films. We measure a maximum system detection efficiency (SDE) of 87 +- 0.5 % at 1542 nm at a temperature of 0.7 K, with a jitter of 76 ps, maximum count rate approaching 10 MHz, and polarization dependence as low as 3.4 +- 0.7 % The SDE curves show saturation of the internal efficiency similar to WSi-based SNSPDs at temperatures as high as 2.3 K. We show that at similar cryogenic temperatures, MoSi SNSPDs achieve efficiencies comparable to WSi-based SNSPDs with nearly a factor of two reduction in jitter.

  14. Calculation of Design Parameters for an Equilibrium LEU Core in the NBSR using a U7Mo Dispersion Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson A. L.; Diamond D.

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A plan is being developed for the conversion of the NIST research reactor (NBSR) from high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. The LEU fuel may be a monolithic foil (LEUm) of U10Mo (10% molybdenum by weight in an alloy with uranium) or a dispersion of U7Mo in aluminum (LEUd). A previous report provided neutronic calculations for the LEUm fuel and this report presents the neutronics parameters for the LEUd fuel. The neutronics parameters for the LEUd fuel are compared to those previously obtained for the present HEU fuel and the proposed LEUm fuel. The results show no significant differences between the LEUm and the LEUd other than the LEUd fuel requires slightly less uranium than the LEUm fuel due to less molybdenum being present. The calculations include kinetics parameters, reactivity coefficients, reactivity worths of control elements and abnormal configurations, and power distributions under normal operation and with misloaded fuel elements.

  15. Continuous ultra-thin MoS{sub 2} films grown by low-temperature physical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muratore, C. [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Hu, J. J.; Bultman, J. E.; Jespersen, M. L. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Wang, B.; Haque, M. A. [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, College Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Shamberger, P. J.; McConney, M. E.; Naguy, R. D.; Voevodin, A. A. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Uniform growth of pristine two dimensional (2D) materials over large areas at lower temperatures without sacrifice of their unique physical properties is a critical pre-requisite for seamless integration of next-generation van der Waals heterostructures into functional devices. This Letter describes a vapor phase growth technique for precisely controlled synthesis of continuous, uniform molecular layers of MoS{sub 2} on silicon dioxide and highly oriented pyrolitic graphite substrates of over several square centimeters at 350?°C. Synthesis of few-layer MoS{sub 2} in this ultra-high vacuum physical vapor deposition process yields materials with key optical and electronic properties identical to exfoliated layers. The films are composed of nano-scale domains with strong chemical binding between domain boundaries, allowing lift-off from the substrate and electronic transport measurements from contacts with separation on the order of centimeters.

  16. Feasibility study Part I - Thermal hydraulic analysis of LEU target for {sup 99}Mo production in Tajoura reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bsebsu, F.M.; Abotweirat, F. [Reactor Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: Bsebso@yahoo.com, E-mail: abutweirat@yahoo.com; Elwaer, S. [Radiochemistry Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: samiwer@yahoo.com

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDRC), Libya, will implement the technology for {sup 99}Mo isotope production using LEU foil target, to obtain new revenue streams for the Tajoura nuclear research reactor and desiring to serve the Libyan hospitals by providing the medical radioisotopes. Design information is presented for LEU target with irradiation device and irradiation Beryllium (Be) unit in the Tajoura reactor core. Calculated results for the reactor core with LEU target at different level of power are presented for steady state and several reactivity induced accident situations. This paper will present the steady state thermal hydraulic design and transient analysis of Tajoura reactor was loaded with LEU foil target for {sup 99}Mo production. The results of these calculations show that the reactor with LEU target during the several cases of transient are in safe and no problems will occur. (author)

  17. Fano resonance and spectrally modified photoluminescence enhancement in monolayer MoS2 integrated with plasmonic nanoantenna array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Bumsu; Han, Gang Hee; Ee, Ho-Seok; Naylor, Carl H; Liu, Wenjing; Johnson, A T Charlie; Agarwal, Ritesh

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The manipulation of light-matter interactions in two-dimensional atomically thin crystals is critical for obtaining new optoelectronic functionalities in these strongly confined materials. Here, by integrating chemically grown monolayers of MoS2 with a silver-bowtie nanoantenna array supporting narrow surface-lattice plasmonic resonances, a unique two-dimensional optical system has been achieved. The enhanced exciton-plasmon coupling enables profound changes in the emission and excitation processes leading to spectrally tunable, large photoluminescence enhancement as well as surface-enhanced Raman scattering at room temperature. Furthermore, at low temperatures, due to the decreased damping of MoS2 excitons interacting with the plasmonic resonances of the bowtie array, stronger exciton-plasmon coupling is achieved resulting in a Fano lineshape in the reflection spectrum. The Fano lineshape, which is due to the interference between the pathways involving the excitation of the exciton and plasmon, can be tuned ...

  18. Excitons in a mirror: Formation of “optical bilayers” using MoS{sub 2} monolayers on gold substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mertens, Jan; Baumberg, Jeremy J., E-mail: jjb12@cam.ac.uk [Nanophotonics Centre, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Shi, Yumeng; Yang, Hui Ying, E-mail: yanghuiying@sutd.edu.sg [Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); Molina-Sánchez, Alejandro; Wirtz, Ludger [Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, University of Luxembourg, L-1511 Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We report coupling of excitons in monolayers of molybdenum disulphide to their mirror image in an underlying gold substrate. Excitons at the direct band gap are little affected by the substrate whereas strongly bound C-excitons associated with a van-Hove singularity change drastically. On quartz substrates only one C-exciton is visible (in the blue) but on gold substrates a strong red-shifted extra resonance in the green is seen. Exciton coupling to its image leads to formation of a “mirror biexciton” with enhanced binding energy. Estimates of this energy shift in an emitter-gold system match experiments well. The absorption spectrum of MoS{sub 2} on gold thus resembles a bilayer of MoS{sub 2} which has been created by optical coupling. Additional top-mirrors produce an “optical bulk.”.

  19. High temperature oxidation and NaCl-induced accelerated corrosion of hot-dip aluminized 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsaur, Charng-Cheng

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The behaviors of high temperature corrosion on hot-dip aluminized on 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steels when catalyzed by NaCl and cyclic heating environment were studied experimentally. The corrosion behavior and morphological ...

  20. The Influence of Casting Conditions on the Microstructure of As-Cast U-10Mo Alloys: Characterization of the Casting Process Baseline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyberg, Eric A.; Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt A.; Paxton, Dean M.; Burkes, Douglas

    2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Sections of eight plate castings of uranium alloyed with 10 wt% molybdenum (U-10Mo) were sent from Y-12 to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for microstructural characterization. This report summarizes the results from this study.