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1

SiNode Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SiNode Systems SiNode Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 31 likes SiNode Systems Northwestern University SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. SiNode seeks to change the landscape for lithium-ion batteries so they can meet the demands of a wide range of industries, from consumer electronics to electric vehicles. SiNode technology uses a composite of silicon nano-particles and porous graphene, developed by Dr. Harold H. Kung at Northwestern University. SiNode's anodes offer dramatic energy capacity increases (3200 mAh/g vs.

2

SiNode Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SiNode Systems SiNode Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 31 likes SiNode Systems Northwestern University SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. SiNode seeks to change the landscape for lithium-ion batteries so they can meet the demands of a wide range of industries, from consumer electronics to electric vehicles. SiNode technology uses a composite of silicon nano-particles and porous graphene, developed by Dr. Harold H. Kung at Northwestern University. SiNode's anodes offer dramatic energy capacity increases (3200 mAh/g vs.

3

SiNode Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SiNode Systems SiNode Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 31 likes SiNode Systems Northwestern University SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. SiNode seeks to change the landscape for lithium-ion batteries so they can meet the demands of a wide range of industries, from consumer electronics to electric vehicles. SiNode technology uses a composite of silicon nano-particles and porous graphene, developed by Dr. Harold H. Kung at Northwestern University. SiNode's anodes offer dramatic energy capacity increases (3200 mAh/g vs.

4

SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy ...  

The Department of Energy is proud to announce that SiNode Systems from Northwestern University has won the second annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan ...

5

SiNode Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bioadhesive Alliance Bioadhesive Alliance North Carolina A&T State University 1322 likes Bioadhesive Alliance Inc. is a developer and manufacturer of "PiGrid", bio-based adhesive that is green, low cost, and durable and can be utilized as a substitute to petroleum-based asphalt binder. Learn More Bearing Analytics Purdue University 355 likes Bearing Analytics is a leading-edge equipment monitoring company aimed at pioneering a new era in industrial bearing condition monitoring. Our objective is to consolidate the needs of customers, environment, and manufacturers to improve asset management and energy efficiency capabilities one bearing at a time. Learn More Inviroment Brigham Young University 300 likes PlasTek(tm) is patent-pending technology created by Inviroment(tm) that

6

SiNode Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bearing Analytics Bearing Analytics Purdue University 355 likes Bearing Analytics is a leading-edge equipment monitoring company aimed at pioneering a new era in industrial bearing condition monitoring. Our objective is to consolidate the needs of customers, environment, and manufacturers to improve asset management and energy efficiency capabilities one bearing at a time. Learn More Bioadhesive Alliance North Carolina A&T State University 1322 likes Bioadhesive Alliance Inc. is a developer and manufacturer of "PiGrid", bio-based adhesive that is green, low cost, and durable and can be utilized as a substitute to petroleum-based asphalt binder. Learn More Inviroment Brigham Young University 300 likes PlasTek(tm) is patent-pending technology created by Inviroment(tm) that

7

Bioadhesive Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher...

8

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher...

9

SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean ...  

... the university-led competition supports the next ... Participants in last year’s competition have gone on to raise almost $7 million in follow-on funding, ...

10

2013 Finalist Teams - EERE Commercialization Office  

2013 Finalist Teams. The Energy Department would like to congratulate the 2013 National Competition winner, SiNode Systems: Western Southwest Region ...

11

2013 Finalist Teams - Home - Energy Innovation Portal  

2013 Finalist Teams. The Energy Department would like to congratulate the 2013 National Competition winner, SiNode Systems: Western Southwest Region ...

12

Iterated maps for clarinet-like systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamical equations of clarinet-like systems are known to be reducible to a non-linear iterated map within reasonable approximations. This leads to time oscillations that are represented by square signals, analogous to the Raman regime for string instruments. In this article, we study in more detail the properties of the corresponding non-linear iterations, with emphasis on the geometrical constructions that can be used to classify the various solutions (for instance with or without reed beating) as well as on the periodicity windows that occur within the chaotic region. In particular, we find a regime where period tripling occurs and examine the conditions for intermittency. We also show that, while the direct observation of the iteration function does not reveal much on the oscillation regime of the instrument, the graph of the high order iterates directly gives visible information on the oscillation regime (characterization of the number of period doubligs, chaotic behaviour, etc.).

Pierre-André Taillard; Jean Kergomard; Franck Laloë

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

13

Topological Polarization in Graphene-like Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we investigate the possibility of generating piezoelectric orbital polarization in graphene-like systems which are deformed periodically. We start with discrete two-level models which depend on control parameters; in this setting, time-dependent model hamiltonians are described by loops in parameter space. Then, the gap structure at a given Fermi energy generates a non-trivial topology on parameter space which then leads to possibly non-trivial polarizations. More precisely, we show the polarization, as given by the *King-Smith--Vanderbilt formula*, depends only on the homotopy class of the loop; hence, a necessary condition for non-trivial piezo effects is that the fundamental group of the gapped parameter space must not be trivial. The use of the framework of non-commutative geometry implies our results extend to systems with weak disorder. We then apply this analysis to the uniaxial strain model for graphene which includes nearest-neighbor hopping and a stagger potential, and show that it supports non-trivial piezo effects; this is in agreement with recent physics literature.

Giuseppe De Nittis; Max Lein

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

Picasolar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SiNode Systems SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the pyroelectric effect and can be used to improve the fuel-use efficiency of 300 million vehicles and generators in the United States. Learn More Inviroment Brigham Young University 300 likes PlasTek(tm) is patent-pending technology created by Inviroment(tm) that

15

Perception modeling for human-like artificial sensor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we present an approach to the design of human-like artificial systems. It uses a perception model to describe how sensory information is processed for a particular task and to correlate human and artificial perception. Since human-like ... Keywords: Active perception, Artificial hand, Artificial perceptual systems, Dexterous manipulation, Electronic tongue, Human-based sensors, Passive perception

Linn Robertsson; Boyko Iliev; Rainer Palm; Peter Wide

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fusion modeling in plasma physics: Vlasov-like systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The methods developed by authors are applied to some reductions of BBGKY hierarchy, namely, various examples of Vlasov-like systems which are important both for fusion modeling and for particular physical problems related to plasma/beam physics. We mostly concentrate on phenomena of localization and pattern formation.

Antonina N. Fedorova; Michael G. Zeitlin

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

17

News - Energy Innovation Portal  

News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The DOE is proud to announce that SiNode Systems from ...

18

News - EERE Commercialization Office  

News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The DOE is proud to announce that SiNode Systems from ...

19

News - EERE Commercialization Office - Home - Energy Innovation Portal  

News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The DOE is proud to announce that SiNode Systems from ...

20

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Bioadhesive Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the pyroelectric effect and can be used to improve the fuel-use efficiency of 300 million vehicles and generators in the United States. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes

22

Bioadhesive Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the

23

2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the

24

Inviroment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the

25

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the pyroelectric effect and can be used to improve the fuel-use efficiency of 300 million vehicles and generators in the United States. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes

26

Pyro-E | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Picasolar Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE can increase the efficiency of solar cells by up to 15 percent and remove up to 33 percent of the silver grid lines in a conventional silicon solar cell. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Inviroment Brigham Young University 300 likes PlasTek(tm) is patent-pending technology created by Inviroment(tm) that facilitates the biodegradation of all types of plastic found in landfills.

27

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pyro-E Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the pyroelectric effect and can be used to improve the fuel-use efficiency of 300 million vehicles and generators in the United States. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE

28

Bioadhesive Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pyro-E Pyro-E University of California-Berkeley 190 likes Pyro-E, LLC is developing a solid-state device for waste heat harvesting at the distributed energy scale. The device is designed based on the pyroelectric effect and can be used to improve the fuel-use efficiency of 300 million vehicles and generators in the United States. Learn More SiNode Systems Northwestern University 31 likes SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, all while being produced via a low cost solution chemistry-based manufacturing process. Learn More Picasolar University of Arkansas 16 likes Picasolar wholly owns the hydrogen selective emitter (HSE) technology. HSE

29

A revised electromagnetism-like mechanism for layout design of reconfigurable manufacturing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The layout design problem is one of the most important issues for manufacturing system design and control. A revised electromagnetism-like mechanism (REM) is proposed in this paper for the layout design of reconfigurable manufacturing systems utilizing ... Keywords: Automated guided vehicle, Electromagnetism-like mechanism, Layout design, Variable neighbourhood search

Xianping Guan; Xianzhong Dai; Baijing Qiu; Jun Li

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Free-Riding on BitTorrent-Like Peer-to-Peer File Sharing Systems: Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-Riding on BitTorrent-Like Peer-to-Peer File Sharing Systems: Modeling Analysis and Improvement contribution and prevent free-riding. However, BitTorrent's ability to prevent free-riding needs further study. In this paper, we present a fluid model with two different classes of peers to capture the effect of free

Wu, Jie

31

55 CANCRI: A COPLANAR PLANETARY SYSTEM THAT IS LIKELY MISALIGNED WITH ITS STAR  

SciTech Connect

Although the 55 Cnc system contains multiple, closely packed planets that are presumably in a coplanar configuration, we use numerical simulations to demonstrate that they are likely to be highly inclined to their parent star's spin axis. Due to perturbations from its distant binary companion, this planetary system precesses like a rigid body about its parent star. Consequently, the parent star's spin axis and the planetary orbit normal likely diverged long ago. Because only the projected separation of the binary is known, we study this effect statistically, assuming an isotropic distribution for wide binary orbits. We find that the most likely projected spin-orbit angle is {approx}50 Degree-Sign , with a {approx}30% chance of a retrograde configuration. Transit observations of the innermost planet-55 Cnc e-may be used to verify these findings via the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. 55 Cancri may thus represent a new class of planetary systems with well-ordered, coplanar orbits that are inclined with respect to the stellar equator.

Kaib, Nathan A.; Duncan, Martin J. [Department of Physics, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6 (Canada); Raymond, Sean N., E-mail: nkaib@astro.queensu.ca [Universite de Bordeaux, Observatoire Aquitain des Sciences de l'Univers, 2 rue de l'Observatoire, BP 89 33271 Floirac Cedex (France)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition  

2013 National Competition. On June 12, 2013, SiNode Systems from Northwestern University was announced as the winner of the second annual DOE National ...

33

News - Energy Innovation Portal  

News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The DOE is proud to announce that ...

34

News - Energy Innovation Portal  

Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan ...

35

National Competition - EERE Commercialization Office  

2013 National Competition. On June 12, 2013, SiNode Systems from Northwestern University was announced as the winner of the second annual DOE National ...

36

News - EERE Commercialization Office  

News. June 14, 2013 SiNode Systems Wins the Second Annual DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The DOE is proud to announce that ...

37

News - EERE Commercialization Office  

SiNode Systems is a battery materials venture developing silicon-graphene anodes for the next generation of ... to develop electric power generation at existing ...

38

National Competition - EERE Commercialization Office  

2013 National Competition. On June 12, 2013, SiNode Systems from Northwestern University was announced as the winner of the second annual DOE National Clean Energy ...

39

A protection system for the JET ITER-like wall based on imaging diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The new JET ITER-like wall (made of beryllium and tungsten) is more fragile than the former carbon fiber composite wall and requires active protection to prevent excessive heat loads on the plasma facing components (PFC). Analog CCD cameras operating in the near infrared wavelength are used to measure surface temperature of the PFCs. Region of interest (ROI) analysis is performed in real time and the maximum temperature measured in each ROI is sent to the vessel thermal map. The protection of the ITER-like wall system started in October 2011 and has already successfully led to a safe landing of the plasma when hot spots were observed on the Be main chamber PFCs. Divertor protection is more of a challenge due to dust deposits that often generate false hot spots. In this contribution we describe the camera, data capture and real time processing systems. We discuss the calibration strategy for the temperature measurements with cross validation with thermal IR cameras and bi-color pyrometers. Most importantly, we demonstrate that a protection system based on CCD cameras can work and show examples of hot spot detections that stop the plasma pulse. The limits of such a design and the associated constraints on the operations are also presented.

Arnoux, G.; Balboa, I.; Balshaw, N.; Beldishevski, M.; Cramp, S.; Felton, R.; Goodyear, A.; Horton, A.; Kinna, D.; McCullen, P.; Obrejan, K.; Patel, K.; Lomas, P. J.; Rimini, F.; Stamp, M.; Stephen, A.; Thomas, P. D.; Williams, J.; Wilson, J.; Zastrow, K.-D. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Quantum entanglement for two electrons in the excited states of helium-like systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum entanglement for the two electrons in the excited states of the helium-like atom/ions is investigated using the two-electron wave functions constructed by the B-spline basis. As a measure of the spatial (electron-electron orbital) entanglement, the von Neumann entropy and linear entropy of the reduced density matrix are calculated for the 1s2s 1,3S excited states for systems with some selected Z values from Z=2 to Z=100. Results for the helium atom are compared with other available calculations. We have also investigated the entropies for these excited states when the nucleus charge is reduced from Z=2 to Z=1. At such a critical charge, all the singly-excited states of this system become unbound, and the linear entropies and the von Neumann entropies for the excited states are approaching 1/2 and 1, respectively, the limits for the entropies when one electron is bound to the nucleus, and the other being free.

Yen-Chang Lin; Yew Kam Ho

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Quantum entanglement for two electrons in the excited states of helium-like systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum entanglement for the two electrons in the excited states of the helium-like atom/ions is investigated using the two-electron wave functions constructed by the B-spline basis. As a measure of the spatial (electron-electron orbital) entanglement, the von Neumann entropy and linear entropy of the reduced density matrix are calculated for the 1s2s 1,3S excited states for systems with some selected Z values from Z=2 to Z=100. Results for the helium atom are compared with other available calculations. We have also investigated the entropies for these excited states when the nucleus charge is reduced from Z=2 to Z=1. At such a critical charge, all the singly-excited states of this system become unbound, and the linear entropies and the von Neumann entropies for the excited states are approaching 1/2 and 1, respectively, the limits for the entropies when one electron is bound to the nucleus, and the other being free.

Lin, Yen-Chang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Design and realization of a snake-like robot system based on a spatial linkage mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel model of snake-like robots based on a spatial linkage mechanism. The reasonable structural parameters of the mechanism are obtained by performing a kinematic simulation. Then the kinematics of the spatial linkage mechanism ... Keywords: Kinematics, Locomotive gait, Motion control, Snake-like robot, Spatial parallel mechanism

Na Li; Tieshi Zhao; Yanzhi Zhao; Yongguang Lin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Early solar system garnet-like mineral named for Livermore cosmochemis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a piece of the meteorite Allende, which contains some of the oldest objects in the solar system. A new mineral, hutcheonite, is named in honor of Hutcheon. Photos by Julie...

44

A Privacy Preservation Model for Facebook-Like Social Network Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have seen unprecedented growth in the popularity of social network systems, with Facebook being an archetypical example. Due to the distributed nature of access control in Facebook-style social network systems, it is difficult for a user to anticipate the privacy consequence of such actions as modifying a privacy setting or befriending another user. This work takes a first step in addressing this challenge, by proposing an access control model that formalizes and generalizes the privacy preservation mechanism of Facebook. The model can be instantiated into a family of Facebook-style social network systems, each with a recognizably different access control mechanism, so that Facebook is but one instantiation of the model. We also demonstrate that the model can be instantiated to express policies that, on the one hand, are not currently supported by Facebook, but on the other hand possess rich and natural social significance. This work thus deepens our understanding of the design space of privacy preservation mechanisms for social network systems, and lays out a formal framework for policy analysis in these systems.

Philip W. L. Fong; Mohd Anwar; Zhen Zhao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations on multi-valence-electron systems: Benchmarks on Ga-like ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-accuracy calculations of term energies and wavelengths of resonance lines in Ga-like ions have been performed as benchmarks in the request for accurate treatments of relativity, electron correction, and QED effects in multi-valence-electron systems. The calculated energy levels are in excellent agreement with the experimental results and the experimentally compiled energy values of the National Institute for Standards and Technology wherever available. The calculated values including core-valence correction are found to be in good agreement with other theoretical and experimental values for low- to medium-Z ions. On the basis of our calculations, some theoretical wavelengths for Ga-like Rb vii to Mo xii are also given. For higher-Z ions, computed wavelengths are compared well with the experimental results [E. Traebert, J. Clementson, P. Beiersdorfer, J. A. Santana, and Y. Ishikawa, Phys. Rev. A 82, 062519 (2010), I. N Draganicet al., J. Phys. B 44, 025001 (2011)].

Hu Feng [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900 Sichuan (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065 Sichuan (China); Yang Jiamin; Wang Chuanke; Jing Longfei; Chen Shubo [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900 Sichuan (China); Jiang Gang; Liu Hao; Hao Lianghuan [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065 Sichuan (China)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Precision Measurements of Atomic Lifetimes and Hyperfine Energies in Alkali Like Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Financial support of this research project has lead to advances in the study of atomic structure through precision measurements of atomic lifetimes, energy splittings, and transitions energies. The interpretation of data from many areas of physics and chemistry requires an accurate understanding of atomic structure. For example, scientists in the fields of astrophysics, geophysics, and plasma fusion depend on transition strengths to determine the relative abundances of elements. Assessing the operation of discharges and atomic resonance line filters also depends on accurate knowledge of transition strengths. Often relative transition strengths are measured precisely, but accurate atomic lifetimes are needed to obtain absolute values. Precision measurements of atomic lifetimes and energy splittings also provide fundamentally important atomic structure information. Lifetimes of allowed transitions depend most strongly on the electronic wave function far from the nucleus. Alternatively, hyperfine splittings give important information about the electronic wave function in the vicinity of the nucleus as well as the structure of the nucleus. Our main focus throughout this project has been the structure of atomic cesium because of its connection to the study of atomic parity nonconservation (PNC). The interpretation of atomic PNC experiments in terms of weak interaction coupling constants requires accurate knowledge of the electronic wave function near the nucleus as well as far from the nucleus. It is possible to address some of these needs theoretically with sophisticated many-electron atomic structure calculations. However, this program has been able to address these needs experimentally with a precision that surpasses current theoretical accuracy. Our measurements also play the important role of providing a means for testing the accuracy of many-electron calculations and guiding further theoretical development, Atomic systems such as cesium, with a single electron outside of a closed shell, provide the simplest open shell systems for detailed comparisons between experiment and theory. This program initially focused on measurements of excited state atomic lifetimes in alkali atomic systems. Our first measurements of atomic lifetimes in cesium surpassed the precision and accuracy of previous measurements and sparked renewed interest in the need for greater precision in lifetime measurements throughout the atomic physics community. After enhancing the capabilities of the laser systems built for these initial measurements, we began a study hyperfine energy splittings in cesium using a thermal atomic beam. The results surpassed previous measurements by more than an order of magnitude and lead to the first observation of the nuclear magnetic octupole moment in cesium demonstrating the inadequacy of the nuclear shell model for predicting high order nuclear moments. The laser system and atomic beam apparatus developed for these endeavors turned out to be perfectly suited for exploring the possibility of making absolute optical frequency measurements of atomic transitions. We initiated collaboration with researchers at NIST so that the desired optical frequencies could be reference with respect to the primary microwave frequency standard (Cs atomic fountain NIST-FI) via a femtosecond laser frequency comb. Our first absolute optical frequency measurement, of the cesium D2 line, surpassed the accuracy of a previous measurement by more than an order of magnitude. An absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line, now near completion, also surpasses previous results and places us in a position to be able to report a new value for the fine structure constant which is the fundamental dimensionless constant that underlies all electromagnetic interactions.

Tanner, Carol E.

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

47

Cerenkov Line-like Radiation, The Extended and Improved Formulae System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

You & Cheng (1980) argued that, for relativistic electrons moving through a dense gas, the Cerenkov effect will produce peculiar atomic and/or molecular emission lines--Cerenkov lines. They presented a series of formulae to describe the new line-mechanism. Elegant experimental confirmation has been obtained by Xu. et al. in the laboratory which definitely verified the existence of Cerenkov lines. Owing to the potential importance in high energy astrophysics, in this paper we give a more detailed physical discussion of the emission mechanisms and improve the previous formulae system into a form which is more convenient for astrophysical application. Specifically, the extended formulae in this paper can be applied to other species of atoms and/or ions rather than hydrogen as in the previous paper, and also to X-ray astronomy. They can also be used for the calculation of a nonuniform plane-parallel slab of the emissive gas.

J. H. You; Y. D. Xu; D. B. Liu; J. R. Shi; G. X. Jin

2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

Methyl Chloride from Direct Methane Partial Oxidation: A High-Temperature Shilov-Like Catalytic System  

SciTech Connect

The intention of this study is to demonstrate and evaluate the scientific and economic feasibility of using special solvents to improve the thermal stability of Pt-catalyst in the Shilov system, such that a high reaction temperature could be achieved. The higher conversion rate (near 100%) of methyl chloride from partial oxidation of methane under the high temperature ({approx} 200 C) without significant Pt0 precipitation has been achieved. High concentration of the Cl- ion has been identified as the key for the stabilization of the Pt-catalysts. H/D exchange measurements indicated that the over oxidation will occur at the elevated temperature, developments of the effective product separation processes will be necessary in order to rationalize the industry-visible CH4 to CH3Cl conversion.

Yongchun Tang; John (Qisheng) Ma

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Phased-array ultrasonic surface contour mapping system and method for solids hoppers and the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A real time ultrasonic surface contour mapping system is provided including a digitally controlled phased-array of transmitter/receiver (T/R) elements located in a fixed position above the surface to be mapped. The surface is divided into a predetermined number of pixels which are separately scanned by an arrangement of T/R elements by applying phase delayed signals thereto that produce ultrasonic tone bursts from each T/R that arrive at a point X in phase and at the same time relative to the leading edge of the tone burst pulse so that the acoustic energies from each T/R combine in a reinforcing manner at point X. The signals produced by the reception of the echo signals reflected from point X back to the T/Rs are also delayed appropriately so that they add in phase at the input of a signal combiner. This combined signal is then processed to determine the range to the point X using density-corrected sound velocity values. An autofocusing signal is developed from the computed average range for a complete scan of the surface pixels. A surface contour map is generated in real time form the range signals on a video monitor.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Smith, Jr., Nelson S. (Morgantown, WV)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

System and method for measuring particles in a sample stream of a flow cytometer or the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for analyzing a particle in a sample stream of a flow cytometer or the like. The system has a light source, such as a laser pointer module, for generating a low powered light beam and a fluidics apparatus which is configured to transport particles in the sample stream at substantially low velocity through the light beam for interrogation. Detectors, such as photomultiplier tubes, are configured to detect optical signals generated in response to the light beam impinging the particles. Signal conditioning circuitry is connected to each of the detectors to condition each detector output into electronic signals for processing and is designed to have a limited frequency response to filter high frequency noise from the detector output signals.

Graves, Steven W. (San Juan Pueblo, NM); Habberset, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Free-riding on BitTorrent-like peer-to-peer file sharing systems: Modeling analysis and improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—BitTorrent has emerged as a very popular peer-to-peer file sharing system, which uses an embedded set of incentive mechanisms to encourage contribution and prevent free-riding. However, BitTorrent’s ability to prevent free-riding needs further study. In this paper, we present a fluid model with two different classes of peers to capture the effect of free-riding on BitTorrent-like systems. With the model, we find that BitTorrent’s incentive mechanism is successful in preventing free-riding in a system without seeds but may not succeed in producing a disincentive for free-riding in a system with a high number of seeds. The reason for this is that BitTorrent does not employ any effective mechanisms for seeds to effectively guard against free-riding. Therefore, we propose a seed bandwidth allocation strategy for the BitTorrent system to reduce the effect of seeds on free-riding. Finally, simulation results are given that validate what we have found in our analysis and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy. Index Terms—Bandwidth allocation strategy, BitTorrent, free-riding, incentive mechanism, modeling. Ç

Minglu Li; Jiadi Yu; Jie Wu; Senior Member

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

On generation of Alfvenic-like fluctuations by drift wave-zonal flow system in large plasma device experiments  

SciTech Connect

According to recent experiments, magnetically confined fusion plasmas with ''drift wave-zonal flow turbulence'' (DW-ZF) give rise to broadband electromagnetic waves. Sharapov et al. [Europhysics Conference Abstracts, 35th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics, Hersonissos, 2008, edited by P. Lalousis and S. Moustaizis (European Physical Society, Switzerland, 2008), Vol. 32D, p. 4.071] reported an abrupt change in the magnetic turbulence during L-H transitions in Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut and B. E. Keen, Fusion Technol. 11, 13 (1987)] plasmas. A broad spectrum of Alfvenic-like (electromagnetic) fluctuations appears from ExB flow driven turbulence in experiments on the large plasma device (LAPD) [W. Gekelman et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2875 (1991)] facility at UCLA. Evidence of the existence of magnetic fluctuations in the shear flow region in the experiments is shown. We present one possible theoretical explanation of the generation of electromagnetic fluctuations in DW-ZF systems for an example of LAPD experiments. The method used is based on generalizing results on shear flow phenomena from the hydrodynamics community. In the 1990s, it was realized that fluctuation modes of spectrally stable nonuniform (sheared) flows are non-normal. That is, the linear operators of the flows modal analysis are non-normal and the corresponding eigenmodes are not orthogonal. The non-normality results in linear transient growth with bursts of the perturbations and the mode coupling, which causes the generation of electromagnetic waves from the drift wave-shear flow system. We consider shear flow that mimics tokamak zonal flow. We show that the transient growth substantially exceeds the growth of the classical dissipative trapped-particle instability of the system.

Horton, W.; Correa, C. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Chagelishvili, G. D.; Avsarkisov, V. S.; Lominadze, J. G. [Georgian National Astrophysical Observatory, The Chavchavadze State University, Tbilisi 0160, Georgia and M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics, Tbilisi 0193, Georgia (United States); Perez, J. C.; Kim, J.-H. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Carter, T. A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy Department Announces Regional Winners of University Clean...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

aspects of battery improvement, energy capacity and power density. SiNode Systems' Si-graphene composite anode provides up to a ten-fold increase in energy capacity compared to the...

54

Simulating the Fate of an Earth-like Planet Inclined to the Ecliptic Plane to Improve Understanding of Planetary System Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation of our Earth and Solar System has befuddled humankind for centuries. Although there remain a number of peculiarities to be remedied by the currently held nebular theory of Solar System formation, there exists a widely held convergence on the basic components of planetary formation. Interactions with the giant planets of our system, as well as heavy bombardment that occurred billions of years ago, played major roles in early Solar System formation and continue to shape its dynamics through huge gravitational perturbations. In order to better understand the effect that planetary giants have on bodies within our Solar System, this paper proposes to simulate the n-body problem for the Sun-Jupiter-Earth system so as to quantify the effect that a Jupiter giant would have on an Earth-like planet inclined to the ecliptic planet. Through iteration of the Earth-like planet’s inclination, the maximum angle of inclination before ejection from the Solar System can be found. Using only Newtonian forces for the three-body problem, the simulation runs using a Runge-Kutta 4 solver to plot each body’s position, velocity, and acceleration against time. These results give new insight into why our Solar System lies primarily in the ecliptic disc and how its dynamics will continue to vary over time. For the Sun-Earth-Jupiter system simulated in this paper (run over 119,000 years), orbits inclined to the ecliptic plane greater than 50° became unstable, with Earth ejection after 62,000 years (85°). Furthermore, simulation of other solar systems leads to a more general theory on the impact of planetary formation and heavy bombardment on the fate of Earth-like planets elsewhere in the Universe. For the exoplanetary system simulated in this paper, which includes a hot Jupiter at 1.5 AU and an Earth-like planet at 1 AU (run over 94,000 years), orbits inclined to the ecliptic plane greater than 10° became unstable, with Earth ejection after 6,250 years (50°). Thus, as the Jupiter giant is moved inward, its influence over the Earth-like planet increases and the time to orbital decay of the Earth-like planet decreases. Overall, these results illustrate that the orbits of Earth-like planets in systems with Jupiter giants have restrictions on available orbital inclinations to remain stable.

Nichols, Kristin

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

DISCOVERY OF A RED GIANT WITH SOLAR-LIKE OSCILLATIONS IN AN ECLIPSING BINARY SYSTEM FROM KEPLER SPACE-BASED PHOTOMETRY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oscillating stars in binary systems are among the most interesting stellar laboratories, as these can provide information on the stellar parameters and stellar internal structures. Here we present a red giant with solar-like oscillations in an eclipsing binary observed with the NASA Kepler satellite. We compute stellar parameters of the red giant from spectra and the asteroseismic mass and radius from the oscillations. Although only one eclipse has been observed so far, we can already determine that the secondary is a main-sequence F star in an eccentric orbit with a semi-major axis larger than 0.5 AU and orbital period longer than 75 days.

Hekker, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Debosscher, J.; De Ridder, J.; Aerts, C.; Van Winckel, H.; Beck, P. G.; Blomme, J. [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Huber, D.; Hidas, M. G.; Stello, D.; Bedding, T. R. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Gilliland, R. L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Kjeldsen, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Brown, T. M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Borucki, W. J.; Koch, D. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS 244-30, Moffet Field, CA 94035 (United States); Jenkins, J. M. [SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, MS 244-30, Moffet Field, CA 94035 (United States); Southworth, J. [Astrophysics Group, Keele University Newcastle-under-Lyme, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Pigulski, A. [Instytut Astronomiczny Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego, Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wroclaw (Poland)], E-mail: saskia@bison.ph.bham.ac.uk (and others)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

56

How do high tides and low tides occur? Is it possible to have an Earth-like planet orbiting a multiple-star system?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED lights that make them more efficient and longer lasting than incandescent bulbs? Why is it that some people see rays of light emanate outward from certain light sources, such as streetlights or headlights on cars? Is it possible to use light/x rays to see through walls and other solid objects? (like x

Redner, Sidney

57

Parabolic-like maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the notion of parabolic-like mapping, which is an object similar to a polynomial-like mapping, but with a parabolic external class, i.e. an external map with a parabolic fixed point. We prove a straightening theorem for parabolic-like maps, which states that any parabolic-like map of degree 2 is hybrid conjugate to a member of the family Per_1(1), and this member is unique (up to holomorphic conjugacy) if the filled Julia set of the parabolic-like map is connected.

Lomonaco, Luciana Luna Anna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

omnibus appropriations bill likely  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The outlook for spending bills is much like recent years, in which the House and Senate could not complete the normal process of each passing appropriations ...

59

Clouds and the Earth''s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document. Volume II-Geolocation, Calibration, and ERBE-Like Analyses (Subsystems 1-3)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theoretical bases for the Release 1 algorithms that will be used to process satellite data for investigation of the Clouds and Earth''s Radiant Energy System (CERES) are described. The architecture for software implementation of the methodologies ...

Team CERES Science

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Radio frequency security system, method for a building facility or the like, and apparatus and methods for remotely monitoring the status of fire extinguishers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for remotely monitoring the status of one or more fire extinguishers includes means for sensing at least one parameter of each of the fire extinguishers; means for selectively transmitting the sensed parameters along with information identifying the fire extinguishers from which the parameters were sensed; and means for receiving the sensed parameters and identifying information for the fire extinguisher or extinguishers at a common location. Other systems and methods for remotely monitoring the status of multiple fire extinguishers are also provided.

Runyon, Larry (Richland, WA); Gunter, Wayne M. (Richland, WA); Gilbert, Ronald W. (Gilroy, CA)

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

PROPERTY CHANGES OF CYANATE ESTER/EPOXY INSULATION SYSTEMS CAUSED BY AN ITER-LIKE DOUBLE IMPREGNATION AND BY REACTOR IRRADIATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the double pancake design of the ITER TF coils the insulation will be applied in several steps. As a consequence, the conductor insulation as well as the pancake insulation will undergo multiple heat cycles in addition to the initial curing cycle. In particular the properties of the organic resin may be influenced, since its heat resistance is limited. Two identical types of sample consisting of wrapped R-glass/Kapton layers and vacuum impregnated with a cyanate ester/epoxy blend were prepared. The build-up of the reinforcement was identical for both insulation systems; however, one system was fabricated in two steps. In the first step only one half of the reinforcing layers was impregnated and cured. Afterwards the remaining layers were wrapped onto the already cured system, before the resulting system was impregnated and cured again. The mechanical properties were characterized prior to and after irradiation to fast neutron fluences of 1 and 2x10{sup 22} m{sup -2}(E>0.1 MeV) in tension and interlaminar shear at 77 K. In order to simulate the pulsed operation of ITER, tension-tension fatigue measurements were performed in the load controlled mode. The results do not show any evidence for reduced mechanical strength caused by the additional heat cycle.

Prokopec, R.; Humer, K.; Fillunger, H.; Maix, R. K.; Weber, H. W. [Atominstitut, Vienna University of Technology, 1020 Wien (Austria)

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

62

Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS): Primordial Warm Dust Evolution From 3-30 Myr around Sun-like Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present data obtained with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope (Spitzer) for a sample of 74 young (t science program entitled the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS). Using IRAC we study the fraction of young stars that exhibit 3.6-8.0 micron infrared emission in excess of that expected from the stellar photosphere, as a function of age from 3-30 Myr. The most straightforward interpretation of such excess emission is the presence of hot (300-1000K) dust in the inner regions (results with accretion disk fractions detected in previous studies, and use the ensemble results to place additional constraints on the dissipation timescales for optically-thick, primordial disks.

M. D. Silverstone; M. R. Meyer; E. E. Mamajek; D. C. Hines; L. A. Hillenbrand; J. Najita; I. Pascucci; J. Bouwman; J. S. Kim; J. M. Carpenter; J. R. Stauffer; D. E. Backman; A. Moro-Martin; T. Henning; S. Wolf; T. Y. Brooke; D. L. Padgett

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

63

Tissue-like phantoms  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is based, in part, on the discovery that by combining certain components one can generate a tissue-like phantom that mimics any desired tissue, is simple and inexpensive to prepare, and is stable over many weeks or months. In addition, new multi-modal imaging objects (e.g., beads) can be inserted into the phantoms to mimic tissue pathologies, such as cancer, or merely to serve as calibration standards. These objects can be imaged using one, two, or more (e.g., four) different imaging modalities (e.g., x-ray computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence) simultaneously.

Frangioni, John V. (Wayland, MA); De Grand, Alec M. (Boston, MA)

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

64

NETL: News Release - State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 1, 2011 State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline System, New Study Says Analysis Funded by NETL May Help Speed Commercialization of...

65

User evaluation of god-like interaction techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

God-like interaction is a metaphor for improved communication of situational and navigational information between outdoor users, equipped with mobile augmented reality systems, and indoor users, equipped with tabletop projector display systems. This ... Keywords: 3D reconstruction, god-like interaction metaphor, outdoor augmented reality, remote communication, user study

Aaron Stafford; Wayne Piekarski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

No Home Like Your Own.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??No Home Like Your Own is a journey through my childhood memories of pre?war Socialist Yugoslavia and the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina that followed… (more)

Alibaši?, Emir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14, 2013 14, 2013 Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy. Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition SiNode Systems from Northwestern University won the 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. June 14, 2013 For years, researchers have known that certain elements of phytoplankton can possibly trap carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and remove iron from the ocean, but little is known about how iron is cycled and removed from the ocean. Argonne National Laboratory's Advanced Photon Source is helping scientists study climate by measuring the ratio of iron and silica in phytoplankton in Antarctica's Ross Sea. In this photo, a couple of Adelie penguins are checking out some of the samples of phytoplankton collected by researchers in Antarctica. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology.

68

Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition June 14, 2013 - 3:33pm Addthis Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy. Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs

69

Widget:FacebookLike | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FacebookLike FacebookLike Jump to: navigation, search This widget puts a Facebook "Like" button onto the current page. In most cases, if should only be called via Template:FacebookLike. Parameters Parameter Type Required? Example Description url URL Y http://en.openei.org/ The URL which will be "liked" if the resulting button is clicked. height Integer Y 35 Height of the Like button iframe (in pixels). width Integer Y 100 Width of the Like button iframe (in pixels). Example Output Ext LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ernal resources http://developers.facebook.com/docs/reference/plugins/like Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Widget:FacebookLike&oldid=305090" Category:

70

Remote creation of hybrid entanglement between particle-like and wave-like optical qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wave-particle duality of light has led to two different encodings for optical quantum information processing. Several approaches have emerged based either on particle-like discrete-variable states, e.g. finite-dimensional quantum systems, or on wave-like continuous-variable states, e.g. infinite-dimensional systems. Here, we demonstrate the first measurement-induced generation of entanglement between optical qubits of these different types, located at distant places and connected by a lossy channel. Such hybrid entanglement, which is a key resource for a variety of recently proposed schemes, including quantum cryptography and computing, enables to convert information from one Hilbert space to the other via teleportation and therefore connect remote quantum processors based upon different encodings. Beyond its fundamental significance for the exploration of entanglement and its possible instantiations, our optical circuit opens the promises for heterogeneous network implementations, where discrete and continuous-variable operations and techniques can be efficiently combined.

Olivier Morin; Kun Huang; Jianli Liu; Hanna Le Jeannic; Claude Fabre; Julien Laurat

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

71

Definition: Meter Data Analysis System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

would be separate from a Meter Data Management System.1 References https:www.smartgrid.govcategorytechnologymeterdataanalysissystem Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like...

72

Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Developing usable and robust mixed reality systems requires unique human–computer interaction techniques and customized hardware systems. The design of the hardware is directed by the requirements of the rich 3D interactions that can be performed using immersive mobile MR systems. Geometry modeling and capture, navigational annotations, visualizations, and training simulations are all enhanced using augmented computer graphics. We present the design guidelines that have led us through 10 years of evolving mobile outdoor MR hardware systems.

Benjamin Avery; Ross T. Smith; Wayne Piekarski; Bruce H. Thomas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition - EERE ...  

SiNode anodes offer higher battery capacity and faster charging rates, ... from consumer electronics to electric vehicles. ...

74

Transfer and excitation processes studied in H-like S and Li-like and H-like F colliding with H/sub 2/  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have studied transfer and simultaneous excitation by three different experimental techniques. Coincidences between two K x rays were measured for S/sup 15 +/, coincidences between one K x ray and the charge exchanged projectile for Li-like F and projectile Auger electrons for H-like F in each case colliding with H/sub 2/. For all three collision systems, the measured cross sections are dominated by Resonant Transfer and Excitation (RTE). Also, for the F projectiles, strong contributions from Two Electron Transfer and Excitation (2eTE) were found. 9 refs., 3 figs.

Schulz, M.; Datz, S.; Dittner, P.F.; Giese, J.P.; Krause, H.F.; Miller, P.D.; Schoene, H.; Swenson, J.K.; Vane, C.R.; Schuch, R.; Justiniano, E.; Benhenni, M.; Shafroth, S.M.; Mokler, P.H.; Reusch, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Quantifying disturbance rejection of SLIP-like running systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The speed and maneuverability at which legged animals can travel across rough and cluttered landscapes has provided inspiration for the development of legged robots with similar capabilities. Researchers have developed a number of robots that can run ... Keywords: Legged robot, biologically-inspired robot, disturbance rejection, stability

Bruce Miller; John Schmitt; Jonathan E Clark

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Trickle: a userland bandwidth shaper for Unix-like systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As with any finite resource, it is often necessary to apply policies to the shared usage of network resources. Existing solutions typically implement this by employing traffic management in edge routers. However, users of smaller networks regularly find ...

Marius A. Eriksen

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Striped instability of a holographic Fermi-like liquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a holographic description of a system of strongly-coupled fermions in 2+1 dimensions based on a D7-brane probe in the background of D3-branes. The black hole embedding represents a Fermi-like liquid. We study the excitations of the Fermi liquid system. Above a critical density which depends on the temperature, the system becomes unstable towards an inhomogeneous modulated phase which is similar to a charge density and spin wave state. The essence of this instability can be effectively described by a Maxwell-axion theory with a background electric field. We also consider the fate of zero sound at non-zero temperature.

Oren Bergman; Niko Jokela; Gilad Lifschytz; Matthew Lippert

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

78

Definition: Enhanced Geothermal Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Also Known As EGS, Engineered Geothermal Systems References http:www1.eere.energy.govgeothermalenhancedsystems.html Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign...

79

Contour Dynamics of Tornado-like Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contour dynamics (CD) is applied to study the mechanism responsible for the breakup of an isolated tornado-like vortex into multiple vortices, the nonlinear interaction between a tornado and its parent storm, and the impact of tornadoes, which ...

Shian-Jiann Lin

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Indirect signatures for axion(-like) particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic field dependent transient solar observations are suggestive for axion-photon oscillations with light axion(-like) particle involvement. Novel dark-moon measurements with the SMART X-ray detectors can be conclusive for radiatively decaying massive exotica like the generic solar Kaluza-Klein (KK) axions. Furthermore, the predicted intrinsic strong solar magnetic fields could be the reason of enhanced low energy axion production. Such an axion component could be the as yet unknown origin of the strong quiet Sun X-ray luminosity at energies below ? 1 keV. Solar axion telescopes should lower their threshold, aiming to copy processes that might occur near the solar surface, be it due to spontaneous or magnetically induced radiative decay of axion(-like) particles. This is motivated also by the recent claim of an axion-like particle detection by the laser experiment PVLAS. 2 1

K. Zioutas; K. Dennerl; M. Gr; D. H. H. Hoffmann; J. Huovelin; B. Laki?; S. Orl; A. Ortiz; Th. Papaevangelou; Y. Semertzidis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Phenomenology of heavy vector-like leptons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the impact that a heavy generation of vector-like leptons can have on the value of the electric dipole moment of the electron, and the rates for the flavor violating processes mu --> e gamma and mu --> 3e. The smallness of the charged lepton masses suggests that at least some of the Yukawa coupling constants of the vector-like leptons to the ordinary leptons or amongst themselves are small, but even with such small couplings experiments trying to detect these quantities are sensitive to extra generation lepton masses up to about 100 TeV.

Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

82

Decameter Type III-Like Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from 1960s Type III-like bursts (Type III bursts with high drift rates) in a wide frequency range from 300 to 950MHz have been observed. These new bursts observed at certain frequency being compared to the usual Type III bursts at the same frequency show similar behaviour but feature frequency drift 2-6 times higher than the normal bursts. In this paper we report the first observations of Type III-like bursts in decameter range, carried out during summer campaigns 2002 - 2004 at UTR-2 radio telescope. The circular polarization of the bursts was measured by the radio telescope URAN-2 in 2004. The observed bursts are analyzed and compared with usual Type III bursts in the decameter range. From the analysis of over 1100 Type III-like bursts, their main parameters have been found. Characteristic feature of the observed bursts is similar to Type III-like bursts at other frequencies, i.e. measured drift rates (5-10 MHz/s) of this bursts are few times larger than that for usual Type III bursts, and their durations (1-2 s) are few times smaller than that for usual Type III bursts in this frequency band.

V. N. Melnik; A. A. Konovalenko; B. P. Rutkevych; H. O. Rucker; V. V. Dorovskyy; E. P. Abranin; A. Lecacheux; A. I. Brazhenko; A. A. Stanislavskyy

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Solar-like oscillations in cluster stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a brief overview of the history of attempts to obtain a clear detection of solar-like oscillations in cluster stars, and discuss the results on the first clear detection, which was made by the Kepler Asteroseismic Science Consortium (KASC) Working Group 2.

Stello, D; Bedding, T R; Brogaard, K; Bruntt, H; Chaplin, W J; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Demarque, P; Elsworth, Y P; García, R A; Gilliland, R L; Hekker, S; Huber, D; Karoff, C; Kjeldsen, H; Lebreton, Y; Mathur, S; Meibom, S; Zakowicz, J Molenda-\\; Noels, A; Roxburgh, I W; Aguirre, V S; Sterken, C; Szabó, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Definition: Protection System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

control circuitry.1 View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms system, sustainability References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike...

85

Glass-like thermal transport in symmetry-broken clathrates.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the quantitative interpretation for the glass-like behavior of thermal conductivities {kappa}(T) for type-I clathrate compounds involving off-centered guest ions. It is shown that the dipole-dipole interaction generated in cage/guest-ion systems is crucial to reproduce the characteristics of thermal conductivities for these symmetry-broken clathrates. The above scenario also explains well the difference of {kappa}(T) between the p-type and the n-type {beta}-BGS found recently by K. Suekuni et al.

Kanashita, E.; Nakayama, T.; Toyota Phys. Chem. Res. Inst.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Method and apparatus for making diamond-like carbon films  

SciTech Connect

Ion-assisted plasma enhanced deposition of diamond-like carbon (DLC) films on the surface of photovoltaic solar cells is accomplished with a method and apparatus for controlling ion energy. The quality of DLC layers is fine-tuned by a properly biased system of special electrodes and by exact control of the feed gas mixture compositions. Uniform (with degree of non-uniformity of optical parameters less than 5%) large area (more than 110 cm.sup.2) DLC films with optical parameters varied within the given range and with stability against harmful effects of the environment are achieved.

Pern, Fu-Jann (Golden, CO); Touryan, Kenell J. (Indian Hills, CO); Panosyan, Zhozef Retevos (Yerevan, AM); Gippius, Aleksey Alekseyevich (Moscow, RU)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

87

Geometric View on Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book aims to summarize in a consistent way the authors' results in attempting to build spatially finite and time-stable models of photon-like objects through extending Maxwell vacuum equations to local energy-momentum exchange relations and making use of modern differential geometry. In particular, we interpret dynamically Frobenius integrability theory of distributions on manifolds through an appropriate $\\varphi$-extension along $p$-vector fields of the classical Lie derivative, and give interaction interpretation of the nonintegrability of subdistributions of an integrable distribution recognizing physically these subdistributions as time-stable subsystems of the field object considered and formally presented by the integrable distribution. The space-time propagation of our photon-like object is, of course, along appropriate symmetry of the representing distribution.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

Geometric View on Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book aims to summarize in a consistent way the authors' results in attempting to build spatially finite and time-stable models of photon-like objects through extending Maxwell vacuum equations to local energy-momentum exchange relations and making use of modern differential geometry. In particular, we interpret dynamically Frobenius integrability theory of distributions on manifolds through an appropriate $\\varphi$-extension along $p$-vector fields of the classical Lie derivative, and give interaction interpretation of the nonintegrability of subdistributions of an integrable distribution recognizing physically these subdistributions as time-stable subsystems of the field object considered and formally presented by the integrable distribution. The space-time propagation of our photon-like object is, of course, along appropriate symmetry of the representing distribution.

Donev, Stoil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

On Superspace Chern-Simons-like Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for superspace Chern-Simons-like higher-derivative terms in the low energy effective actions of supersymmetric theories in four dimensions. Superspace Chern-Simons-like terms are those gauge-invariant terms which cannot be written solely in terms of field strength superfields and covariant derivatives, but in which a gauge potential superfield appears explicitly. We find one class of such four-derivative terms with N=2 supersymmetry which, though locally on the Coulomb branch can be written solely in terms of field strengths, globally cannot be. These terms are classified by certain Dolbeault cohomology classes on the moduli space. We include a discussion of other examples of terms in the effective action involving global obstructions on the Coulomb branch.

Philip C. Argyres; Adel M. Awad; Gregory A. Braun; F. Paul Esposito

2004-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Plasma deposited diamond-like carbon films for large neutralarrays  

SciTech Connect

To understand how large systems of neurons communicate, we need to develop methods for growing patterned networks of large numbers of neurons. We have found that diamond-like carbon thin films formed by energetic deposition from a filtered vacuum arc carbon plasma can serve as ''neuron friendly'' substrates for the growth of large neural arrays. Lithographic masks can be used to form patterns of diamond-like carbon, and regions of selective neuronal attachment can form patterned neural arrays. In the work described here, we used glass microscope slides as substrates on which diamond-like carbon was deposited. PC-12 rat neurons were then cultured on the treated substrates and cell growth monitored. Neuron growth showed excellent contrast, with prolific growth on the treated surfaces and very low growth on the untreated surfaces. Here we describe the vacuum arc plasma deposition technique employed, and summarize results demonstrating that the approach can be used to form large patterns of neurons.

Brown, I.G.; Blakely, E.A.; Bjornstad, K.A.; Galvin, J.E.; Monteiro, O.R.; Sangyuenyongpipat, S.

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline System, New Study Says State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline System, New Study Says February 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A private sector model with a state rather than Federal-based regulatory framework is the approach that will "most likely result in a robust CO2 [carbon dioxide] pipeline system" in the United States, according to a new report developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL). However, a Federal role that "includes incentives to encourage the private construction of CO2 pipelines" would be an important factor in moving the concept forward, the study says.

92

Noncommutative geometry of groups like $?_0(N)$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the Connes-Marcolli $GL_{2}$-system can be represented on the Big Picture, a combinatorial gadget introduced by Conway in order to understand various results about congruence subgroups pictorially. In this representation the time evolution of the system is implemented by Conway's distance between projective classes of commensurable lattices. We exploit these results in order to associate quantum statistical mechanical systems to congruence subgroups in a way appropriate for the study of monstrous moonshine.

Jorge Plazas

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

93

Schrodinger-like (Dilaton-)Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate possibilities for the Schrodinger-like gravity with the dynamical critical exponent z=2, where the action only contains the first-order time derivative. The Horava gravity always admits such a relevant deformation because the full (d+1) dimensional diffeomorphism of the Einstein gravity is replaced by the foliation preserving diffeomorphism. The dynamics is locally trivial or topological for the pure gravity case, but we can construct a dynamical field theory with z=2 dispersion relation by introducing a dilaton degree of freedom. Our model gives birth to a new model for quantum (dilaton-)gravity which may be applied to a membrane quantization.

Nakayama, Yu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Evaluation of Nature-like and Technical Fish Passes for the Passage of Alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) at Two Coastal Streams in New England.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nature-like fish passes have been designed with the intent to re-connect river corridors and provide passage for all species occurring in a system. Nature-like fish… (more)

Franklin, Abigail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Apparatus for insulating windows and the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for insulating window openings through walls and the like includes a thermal shutter, a rail for mounting the shutter adjacent to the window opening and a coupling for connecting the shutter to the rail. The thermal shutter includes an insulated panel adhered to frame members which surround the periphery of the panel. The frame members include a hard portion for providing the frame and a soft portion for providing a seal with that portion of the wall adjacent to the periphery of the opening. The coupling means is preferably integral with the attachment rail. According to a preferred embodiment, the coupling means includes a continuous hinge of reduced thickness. The thermal shutter can be permanently attached, hinged, bi-folded, or sliding with respect to the window and wall. A distribution method is to market the apparatus in "kit" form.

Mitchell, Robert A. (R.D. #1, Box 462-A, Voorheesville, NY 12186)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Apparatus for insulating windows and the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for insulating window openings through walls and the like includes a thermal shutter, a rail for mounting the shutter adjacent to the window opening and a coupling for connecting the shutter to the rail. The thermal shutter includes an insulated panel adhered to frame members which surround the periphery of the panel. The frame members include a hard portion for providing the frame and a soft portion for providing a seal with that portion of the wall adjacent to the periphery of the opening. The coupling means is preferably integral with the attachment rail. According to a preferred embodiment, the coupling means includes a continuous hinge of reduced thickness. The thermal shutter can be permanently attached, hinged, bi-folded, or sliding with respect to the window and wall. A distribution method is to market the apparatus in kit'' form. 11 figs.

Mitchell, R.A.

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

97

Heuristic viewpoint concerning the Magnetic-like Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The symmetrized formulism of gravitational fields in a manner similar to Dirac's symmetrization of electromagnetism predicts the existence of dual energy called the magnetic-like energy, which can present the magnetic-like curvature as a consequence. We intend to show that the magnetic-like curvature has connection to either the magnetic-like energy or the vortices of ordinary energy. We investigate the propagation of electromagnetic radiations on both the ordinary and magnetic-like curvatures, which symmetrize the formulism of this literature based on the electric-like and magnetic-like energies.

Danehkar, Ashkbiz

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Western Colorado, like much of the Intermountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per square foot: $1.25 Permanent Hoophouse · Total cost of materials: $3,270 · Space covered: 768 square feet · Cost per square foot: $4.26 * The extra cost is for the rail system and added materials cost of materials: $4,789.88 · Space covered: 3,840 square feet (768 square feet x five moves) · Cost

Goodman, Robert M.

99

Likely social impacts of proposed national-level policy initiatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results are described of an investigation of likely social effects of enacting nine proposed national-level policy initiatives to accelerate development and use of solar energy. This study is part of the Technology Assessment of Solar Energy Systems (TASE) project supported by the US Department of Energy. The report presents general social impact information about the variety of ways in which the American people could be affected by enactment of these initiatives. It identifies the effects of each initiative on individuals, groups, organizations, communities, and society as a whole. In addition, it provides a framework for organizing a myriad of impact information into a set of conceptually exclusive impact categories. It illustrates that social impacts means effects on people as individuals, groups, organizations, and communities as well as on the infrastructure of society. Finally, it demonstrates the importance of specifying an audience of impact with a case example from the residential rental market.

Piernot, C.A.; Rothweiler, M.A.; Levine, A.; Crews, R.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Nonlinear Connections and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems given in terms of distributions on manifolds with corresponding curvature defined by the Nijenhuis operator. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures as generators of measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description of such objects in these terms is given.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2008-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nonlinear Connections and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems given in terms of distributions on manifolds with corresponding curvature defined by the Nijenhuis operator. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures as generators of measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description of such objects in these terms is given.

Donev, Stoil

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Resonance-like nuclear processes in solids: 3rd and 4th order processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is recognized that in the family of heavy charged particle and electron assisted double nuclear processes resonance-like behavior can appear. The transition rates of the heavy particle assisted 3rd-order and electron assisted 4th-order resonance like double nuclear processes are determined. The power of low energy nuclear reactions in $Ni-H$ systems formed in $Ni$ placed in $H_{2}$ gas environment is treated. Nuclear power produced by quasi-resonant electron assisted double nuclear processes in these $Ni-H$ systems is calculated. The power obtained tallies with experiments and its magnitude is considerable for practical applications.

Péter Kálmán; Tamás Keszthelyi

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Resonance-like nuclear processes in solids: 3rd and 4th order processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is recognized that in the family of heavy charged particle and electron assisted double nuclear processes resonance-like behavior can appear. The transition rates of the heavy particle assisted 3rd-order and electron assisted 4th-order resonance like double nuclear processes are determined. The power of low energy nuclear reactions in $Ni-H$ systems formed in $Ni$ placed in $H_{2}$ gas environment is treated. Nuclear power produced by quasi-resonant electron assisted double nuclear processes in these $Ni-H$ systems is calculated. The power obtained tallies with experiments and its magnitude is considerable for practical applications.

Kálmán, Péter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

batteries -- impacting everything from cell phones to electric vehicles. SiNode's lithium battery anode technology addresses the two aspects of battery improvement -- energy...

105

FAQ 18-What does a cylinder storage yard look like?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cylinder storage yard look like? What does a cylinder storage yard look like? Pictures of depleted UF6 cylinder storage yards are shown below. Storage yards are large outdoor areas...

106

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Diamond-like Coating Improves...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Feature Archive Diamond-like Coating Improves Electron Microscope Images By Mike Ross November 26, 2012 Coating the surface of a material with a single layer of diamond-like...

107

A Genome-Wide Analysis of FRT-Like Sequences in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient and precise genome manipulations can be achieved by the Flp/FRT system of site-specific DNA recombination. Applications of this system are limited, however, to cases when target sites for Flp recombinase, FRT sites, are preintroduced into a genome locale of interest. To expand use of the Flp/FRT system in genome engineering, variants of Flp recombinase can be evolved to recognize pre-existing genomic sequences that resemble FRT and thus can serve as recombination sites. To understand the distribution and sequence properties of genomic FRT-like sites, we performed a genome-wide analysis of FRT-like sites in the human genome using the experimentally-derived parameters. Out of 642,151 identified FRT-like sequences, 581,157 sequences were unique and 12,452 sequences had at least one exact duplicate. Duplicated FRT-like sequences are located mostly within LINE1, but also within LTRs of endogenous retroviruses, Alu repeats and other repetitive DNA sequences. The unique FRT-like sequences were classified based on the number of matches to FRT within the first four proximal bases pairs of the Flp binding elements of FRT and the nature of mismatched base pairs in the same region. The data obtained will be useful for the emerging field of genome engineering.

Human Genome; Jeffry L. Shultz; Eugenia Voziyanova; Jay H. Konieczka; Yuri Voziyanov

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Quantum-like Approach to the Stock Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern approaches to stock pricing in quantitative finance are typically founded on the 'Black-Scholes model' and the underlying 'random walk hypothesis'. Empirical data indicate that this hypothesis works well in stable situations but, in abrupt transitions such as during an economical crisis, the random walk model fails and alternative descriptions are needed. For this reason, several proposals have been recently forwarded which are based on the formalism of quantum mechanics. In this paper we apply the 'SCoP formalism', elaborated to provide an operational foundation of quantum mechanics, to the stock market. We argue that a stock market is an intrinsically contextual system where agents' decisions globally influence the market system and stocks prices, determining a nonclassical behavior. More specifically, we maintain that a given stock does not generally have a definite value, e.g., a price, but its value is actualized as a consequence of the contextual interactions in the trading process. This contextual influence is responsible of the non-Kolmogorovian quantum-like behavior of the market at a statistical level. Then, we propose a 'sphere model' within our 'hidden measurement formalism' that describes a buying/selling process of a stock and shows that it is intuitively reasonable to assume that the stock has not a definite price until it is traded. This result is relevant in our opinion since it provides a theoretical support to the use of quantum models in finance.

Diederik Aerts; Bart D'Hooghe; Sandro Sozzo

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

109

Spatially resolved measurements of kinematics and flow-induced birefringence in worm-like micellar solutions undergoing high rate deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worm-like micellar solutions are model non-Newtonian systems on account of their well understood linear viscoelastic behavior. Their high deformation rate, non-linear rheological response, however, remains inadequately ...

Ober, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Studies of Intermittency-like Phenomena in Plasma turbulence at IPR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observation of intermittency in the turbulent scrape-off layer plasma of ADITYA tokamak was first reported about one and a half decade ago. In the last decade or so, several aspects of intermittency-like phenomena have been observed on tokamaks and other fusion devices throughout the world. A review of the research carried out at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) is presented, which closely follow the research trend on intermittency-like phenomena in plasmas worldwide. We also present our analysis of particle flux data in order to test the recently proposed fluctuation theorem, which states that the probability of 'entropy consuming' flux events falls off exponentially with the averaging time. This theorem, proposed in the context of small systems, is applied to macroscopic system like tokamak edge plasma by invoking an 'effective temperature' of the bath of drift waves from which, plasma objects take energy and carry out work of transporting matter

Jha, R.; Das, A.; Bisai, N.; Kaw, P. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Near Indira Bridge, Gandhinagar-382428 (India)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

111

Adding an energy-like conservation law to the leapfrog integrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The leapfrog integrator is widely used because of its excellent stability in molecular dynamics simulation. This is recognized as being due to the existence of a discrete variational structure of the equations. We introduce a modified leapfrog method which includes an additional energy-like conservation law by embedding a molecular dynamics simulation within a larger dynamical system.

Maggs, A C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Pairing and alpha-like quartet condensation in N=Z nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the treatment of isovector pairing by an alpha-like quartet condensate which conserves exactly the particle number, the spin and the isospin. The results show that the quartet condensate describes accurately the isovector pairing correlations in the ground state of systems with an equal number of protons and neutrons

N. Sandulescu; J. Dukelsky; D. Negrea

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

113

Silicon Isotopic Fractionation of CAI-like Vacuum Evaporation Residues  

SciTech Connect

Calcium-, aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) are often enriched in the heavy isotopes of magnesium and silicon relative to bulk solar system materials. It is likely that these isotopic enrichments resulted from evaporative mass loss of magnesium and silicon from early solar system condensates while they were molten during one or more high-temperature reheating events. Quantitative interpretation of these enrichments requires laboratory determinations of the evaporation kinetics and associated isotopic fractionation effects for these elements. The experimental data for the kinetics of evaporation of magnesium and silicon and the evaporative isotopic fractionation of magnesium is reasonably complete for Type B CAI liquids (Richter et al., 2002, 2007a). However, the isotopic fractionation factor for silicon evaporating from such liquids has not been as extensively studied. Here we report new ion microprobe silicon isotopic measurements of residual glass from partial evaporation of Type B CAI liquids into vacuum. The silicon isotopic fractionation is reported as a kinetic fractionation factor, {alpha}{sub Si}, corresponding to the ratio of the silicon isotopic composition of the evaporation flux to that of the residual silicate liquid. For CAI-like melts, we find that {alpha}{sub Si} = 0.98985 {+-} 0.00044 (2{sigma}) for {sup 29}Si/{sup 28}Si with no resolvable variation with temperature over the temperature range of the experiments, 1600-1900 C. This value is different from what has been reported for evaporation of liquid Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} (Davis et al., 1990) and of a melt with CI chondritic proportions of the major elements (Wang et al., 2001). There appears to be some compositional control on {alpha}{sub Si}, whereas no compositional effects have been reported for {alpha}{sub Mg}. We use the values of {alpha}Si and {alpha}Mg, to calculate the chemical compositions of the unevaporated precursors of a number of isotopically fractionated CAIs from CV chondrites whose chemical compositions and magnesium and silicon isotopic compositions have been previously measured.

Knight, K; Kita, N; Mendybaev, R; Richter, F; Davis, A; Valley, J

2009-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

114

High resolution n = 3 to n = 2 spectra of neon-like silver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra of the n = 3 to n = 2 transitions in neon-like silver emitted from the Princeton Large Torus have been recorded with a high-resolution Bragg-crystal spectrometer. The measurements cover the wavelength region 3.3 to 4.1 A and include the forbidden 3p ..-->.. 2p electric quadrupole lines. Transitions in the adjacent sodium-like, and aluminum-like charge states of silver have also been observed and identified. The Ly-..cap alpha.. spectra of hydrogen-like argon and iron, the K..cap alpha.. spectra of helium-like argon, potassium, manganese, and iron, and the K..beta.. spectrum of helium-like argon fall in the same wavelength region in first or second order and have been measured concurrently. These spectra provide a coherent set of wavelength reference data obtained with the same spectrometer and from the same tokamak. This set is used as a basis to compare wavelength predictions for one- and two-electron systems to each other and to determine the transition energies of the silver lines with great accuracy.

Beiersdorfer, P.; Bitter, M.; von Goeler, S.; Cohen, S.; Hill, K.W.; Timberlake, J.; Walling, R.S.; Chen, M.H.; Hagelstein, P.L.; Scofield, J.H.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Atmospheric Plasma Deposition of Diamond-like Carbon Coatings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

DLC coatings in a low-pressure environment. For example, ion beam processes are widely utilized since the ion bombardment is thought to promote denser sp3-bonded carbon networks. Other processes, such as sputtering, are better suited for coating large parts [29,30,44]. However, the deposition of DLC in a vacuum system has several disadvantages, including high equipment cost and restrictions on the size and shape of material that may be treated. The deposition of DLC at atmospheric pressure has been demonstrated by several researchers. Izake, et al [53] and Novikov and Dymont [54] have demonstrated an electrochemical process that is carried out with organic compounds such as methanol and acetylene dissolved in ammonia. This process requires that the substrates be immersed in the liquid [53-54]. The atmospheric pressure deposition of DLC was also demonstrated by Kulik, et al. utilizing a plasma torch. However, this process requires operating temperatures in excess of 800 oC [55]. In this report, we investigate the deposition of diamond-like carbon films using a low temperature, atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process. The films were characterized by solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and found to have a ratio of sp2 to sp3 carbon of 43 to 57%. The films were also tested for adhesion, coefficient of friction, and dielectric strength.

Ladwig, Angela

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

116

Evolution of quantum-like modeling in decision making processes  

SciTech Connect

The application of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics to model behavioral patterns in social science and economics is a novel and constantly emerging field. The aim of the so called 'quantum like' models is to model the decision making processes in a macroscopic setting, capturing the particular 'context' in which the decisions are taken. Several subsequent empirical findings proved that when making a decision people tend to violate the axioms of expected utility theory and Savage's Sure Thing principle, thus violating the law of total probability. A quantum probability formula was devised to describe more accurately the decision making processes. A next step in the development of QL-modeling in decision making was the application of Schroedinger equation to describe the evolution of people's mental states. A shortcoming of Schroedinger equation is its inability to capture dynamics of an open system; the brain of the decision maker can be regarded as such, actively interacting with the external environment. Recently the master equation, by which quantum physics describes the process of decoherence as the result of interaction of the mental state with the environmental 'bath', was introduced for modeling the human decision making. The external environment and memory can be referred to as a complex 'context' influencing the final decision outcomes. The master equation can be considered as a pioneering and promising apparatus for modeling the dynamics of decision making in different contexts.

Khrennikova, Polina [School of Management, University of Leicester, University Road Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

117

Violation of Bell-like Inequality for spin-energy entanglement in neutron polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Violation of a Bell-like inequality for a spin-energy entangled neutron state has been confirmed in a polarimetric experiment. The proposed inequality, in Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) formalism, relies on correlations between the spin and energy degree of freedom in a single-neutron system. The entangled states are generated utilizing a suitable combination of two radio-frequency fields in a neutron polarimeter setup. The correlation function S is determined to be 2.333+/-0.005, which violates the Bell-like CHSH inequality by more than 66 standard deviations.

S. Sponar; J. Klepp; C. Zeiner; G. Badurek; Y. Hasegawa

2009-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

118

Skin-Like Prosthetic Polymer Surfaces - Energy Innovation Portal  

ORNL scientists combined superhydrophobic polymer inventions with carbon nanotubes to create a self-cleaning skin-like surface material with the ...

119

Control of Wire Rod Physical Properties Like Ultimate Tensile ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 1, 2001 ... Control of Wire Rod Physical Properties Like Ultimate Tensile Strength and Elongation by Close Monitoring of Rolling Energy Input

120

Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 18, 2008 ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning. Grégory Emiel (gemiel ***at*** impa.br) Claudia Sagastizábal (sagastiz ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Coal likely to remain most prevalent fuel for electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Coal is currently the dominant fuel for electricity generation and is likely to remain so, even if additional environmental control regulations ...

122

Stochastic Graph Transformation Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In distributed and mobile systems with volatile bandwidth and fragile connectivity, non-functional aspects like performance and reliability become more and more important. To formalize, measure, and predict such properties, stochastic methods are required. ...

Reiko Heckel; Georgios Lajios; Sebastian Menge

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? October 14, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon told you about some of the EERE, Energy Savers, and federal government resources that are available in Spanish. We know that many other resources would be useful to Spanish speakers, but we want to know which are the top priorities. So tell us: Which energy resources would you like translated to Spanish? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish?

124

How Do You Like the Monthly Recaps? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Like the Monthly Recaps? Like the Monthly Recaps? How Do You Like the Monthly Recaps? September 2, 2011 - 8:17am Addthis No doubt you've noticed them by now, but this year we started a regular column on the Energy Savers blog where we show you what's new on the website, what we've talked about, our weekly questions, and a few posts from the archives. We'd like to know: Do you find the "This Month on Energy Savers" column useful? Why or why not? Is there anything you'd like to see in these that we're not doing now? Let us know in the comments below. Thank you for your feedback! Each week, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

125

Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish? October 14, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon told you about some of the EERE, Energy Savers, and federal government resources that are available in Spanish. We know that many other resources would be useful to Spanish speakers, but we want to know which are the top priorities. So tell us: Which energy resources would you like translated to Spanish? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Which Energy Resources Would You Like Translated to Spanish?

126

Like Energy Savers? Tell Your Friends! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Like Energy Savers? Tell Your Friends! Like Energy Savers? Tell Your Friends! Like Energy Savers? Tell Your Friends! May 25, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL One of the best things about the latest social tools on the Web is that it's so easy to share information that we find useful, interesting, or entertaining. My friends and the people I follow in social media generally have interests that are similar to mine, so I like it when they share links that to content that interests them. If you find something here on the blog or on the Energy Savers Web site that you find useful or interesting, we hope you'll share it with others. There are a few ways you can do that: On the blog, click the links at the bottom of each entry (or RSS feed) to e-mail the article or share in places like Twitter, Digg, and

127

Soft X-ray laser using pumping of 3P and 4P levels of He-like and H-like ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

X-ray laser method and apparatus for producing coherent radiation at, for example, energies of at least 40 eV, using Be-like Cr, N-like Ni, He-like Na, B-like Cr, Be-like Mn or similar multiply ionized species to pump appropriate high energy transitions in He-like or H-like N, O, F, C or rare gases, with associated laser transition gains of 4-50 cm.sup.-1.

Hagelstein, Peter L. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Soft x-ray laser using pumping of 3p and 4p levels of He-like and H-like ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

X-ray laser method and apparatus for producing coherent radiation at, for example, energies of at least 40 eV, using Be-like Cr, N-like Ni, He-like Na, B-like Cr, Be-like Mn or similar multiply ionized species to pump appropriate high energy transitions in He-like or H-like N, O, F, C or rare gases, with associated laser transition gains of 4 to 50 cm/sup -1/.

Hagelstein, P.L.

1985-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

129

A thermodynamic model for aqueous solutions of liquid-like density  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The paper describes a model for the prediction of the thermodynamic properties of multicomponent aqueous solutions and discusses its applications. The model was initially developed for solutions near room temperature, but has been found to be applicable to aqueous systems up to 300/sup 0/C or slightly higher. A liquid-like density and relatively small compressibility are assumed. A typical application is the prediction of the equilibrium between an aqueous phase (brine) and one or more solid phases (minerals). (ACR)

Pitzer, K.S.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Enhanced MJO-like Variability at High SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report a significant increase in Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO)–like variability in a superparameterized version of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model run with high sea surface temperatures (SSTs). A series of aquaplanet simulations ...

Nathan P. Arnold; Zhiming Kuang; Eli Tziperman

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Structure and Dynamics of Tornado-Like Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and dynamics of axisymmetric tornado-like vortices are explored with a numerical model of axisymmetric incompressible flow based on recently developed numerical methods. The model is first shown to compare favorably with previous ...

David S. Nolan; Brian F. Farrell

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Life Cycles of Hurricane-Like Vorticity Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The asymmetric dynamics of potential vorticity mixing in the hurricane inner core are further advanced by examining the end states that result from the unforced evolution of hurricane-like vorticity rings in a nondivergent barotropic model. The ...

Eric A. Hendricks; Wayne H. Schubert; Richard K. Taft; Huiqun Wang; James P. Kossin

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Molecular Mimicry: Plastic, Steel Line Up Like Kin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Molecular Mimicry: Plastic, Steel Line Up Like Kin OCTOBER 20, 2010 Bookmark and Share Tasty...

134

IDENTIFYING CURRENT-SHEET–LIKE STRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barish, F. D. 1974, in Solar Wind Three, ed. C. T. Russell (in AIP Conf. Proc. 471, Solar Wind Nine, ed. S. R. Habbal (SHEET–LIKE STRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND G. Li Space Science

Li, Gang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Measurements of Axial Pressures in Tornado-like Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a series of measurements of centerline pressure deficit in tornado-like vortices are described. These measurements were undertaken for the purpose of determining 1) how the magnitude of the central pressure deficit in a columnar ...

Christopher R. Church; John T. Snow

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Computing Enables New Insights into Generating Power Like the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

powers stars like our Sun, the world could have an inexhaustible energy source. In theory, scientists could produce a steady stream of fusion energy on Earth by heating up two...

137

Definition: Customer System Communications Network | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System Communications Network System Communications Network Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Customer System Communications Network The communications network or networks between the customers' premise and the utility, designed to provide two-way communications between customer systems and utility information systems. These networks can utilize wired or wireless connections, and can be utility-owned or provided as services by a third party.[1] Related Terms system References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/customer_system_communications_network [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Customer_System_Communications_Network&oldid=480382"

138

Why Onion-Like Carbons Make High-Energy Supercapacitors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Onion-Like Why Onion-Like Carbons Make High-Energy Supercapacitors Why Onion-Like Carbons Make High-Energy Supercapacitors Simulations explain experimental results for electrical storage devices June 1, 2012 JiangCummingsCoverLarge.gif Capacitance and geometry effects revealed by molecular dynamics simulations. The OLC and the ionic liquid that were the basis of the simulation are shown in the lower left. (Guang Feng, De-en Jiang, Peter T. Cummings, © ACS Publications) The two most important electrical storage technologies are batteries and capacitors. Batteries can store a lot of energy, but have slow charge and discharge rates. Capacitors generally store less energy but have very fast (nearly instant) charge and discharge rates, and last longer than rechargeable batteries. Developing technologies that combine the optimal

139

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield new insights into the parent stars themselves. March 6, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

140

Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other April 23, 2013 - 6:01pm Addthis The Final Match at the U.S Department of Energy National Science Bowl in Washington, DC on April 30, 2012. | Photograph by Dennis Brack, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science The Final Match at the U.S Department of Energy National Science Bowl in Washington, DC on April 30, 2012. | Photograph by Dennis Brack, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science How can I participate? Learn more at the National Science Bowl homepage: science.energy.gov/nsb/ Imagine an event on the scale of March Madness . . . but multiplied by two.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other Upcoming Science Bowl Championship is a Competition like No Other April 23, 2013 - 6:01pm Addthis The Final Match at the U.S Department of Energy National Science Bowl in Washington, DC on April 30, 2012. | Photograph by Dennis Brack, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science The Final Match at the U.S Department of Energy National Science Bowl in Washington, DC on April 30, 2012. | Photograph by Dennis Brack, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science How can I participate? Learn more at the National Science Bowl homepage: science.energy.gov/nsb/ Imagine an event on the scale of March Madness . . . but multiplied by two.

142

Satellite spectra for helium-like titanium. Part II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

K/sup ..cap alpha../ x-ray spectra of helium-like titanium, Ti XXI, from Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) plasmas have been observed with a high resolution crystal spectrometer and have been used as a diagnostic of central plasma parameters. The data allow detailed comparison with recent theoretical predictions for the Ti XXI helium-like lines and the associated satellite spectrum in the wavelength range from 2.6000 to 2.6400 A. Improved values for the excitation rate coefficients of the Ti XXI resonance line, the intercombination lines and the forbidden line, and new theoretical results on the wavelengths and transition probabilities for beryllium-like satellites due to transitions of the type 1s/sup 2/ 2lnl' - 1s2p2l'' nl'' with n = 2-4 have been calculated.

Bitter, M.; Hill, K.W.; Zarnstorff, M.; von Goeler, S.; Hulse, R.; Johnson, L.C.; Sauthoff, N.R.; Sesnic, S.; Young, K.M.; Tavernier, M.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Capacitively coupled RF diamond-like-carbon reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of coating a non-conductive fiber with diamond-like carbon, including passing a non-conductive fiber between a pair of parallel metal grids within a reaction chamber, introducing a hydrocarbon gas into the reaction chamber, forming a plasma within the reaction chamber for a sufficient period of time whereby diamond-like carbon is formed upon the non-conductive fiber, is provided together with a reactor chamber for deposition of diamond-like carbon upon a non-conductive fiber, including a vacuum chamber, a cathode assembly including a pair of electrically isolated opposingly parallel metal grids spaced apart at a distance of less than about 1 centimeter, an anode, a means of introducing a hydrocarbon gas into said vacuum chamber, and a means of generating a plasma within said vacuum chamber.

Devlin, David James (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don Mayo (Santa Fe, NM); Archuleta, Thomas Arthur (Espanola, NM); Barbero, Robert Steven (Santa Cruz, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

NERSC File Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Systems NERSC File Systems Overview NERSC file systems can be divided into two categories: local and global. Local file systems are only accessible on a single platform, providing best performance; global file systems are accessible on multiple platforms, simplifying data sharing between platforms. File systems are configured for different purposes. On each machine you have access to at least three different file system Home: Permanent, relatively small storage for data like source code, shell scripts, etc. that you want to keep. This file system is not tuned for high performance from parallel jobs. Referenced by the environment variable $HOME. Scratch: Large, high-performance file system. Place your large data files in this file system for capacity and capability computing. Data is

145

Goos-Hanchen like Shifts in Graphene Double Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Goos-Hanchen like shifts for Dirac fermions in graphene scattered by double barrier structures. After obtaining the solution for the energy spectrum, we use the boundary conditions to explicitly determine the Goos-Hanchen like shifts and the associated transmission probability. We analyze these two quantities at resonances by studying their {main} characteristics as a function of the energy and electrostatic potential parameters. To check the validity of our computations we recover previous results obtained for a single barrier under appropriate limits.

Ahmed Jellal; Ilham Redouani; Youness Zahidi; Hocine Bahlouli

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

Definition: Head-End System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Head-End System Head-End System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Head-End System A head-end system is hardware and software that receives the stream of meter data brought back to the utility through the AMI. Head-end systems may perform a limited amount of data validation before either making the data available for other systems to request or pushing the data out to other systems.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure, system References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/head_end_system [[Ca LikeLike UnlikeLike You and one other like this.One person likes this. Sign Up to see what your friends like. tegory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Head-End_System&oldid=502621"

147

Definition: Outage Management System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outage Management System Outage Management System A software application that can process outage reports from a variety of utility operational systems including SCADA, AMI, and customer phone calls, and display outage information to utility operators. The OMS can help a utility interpret outage information and determine where the likely cause of an outage may be. It can also help the utility optimize its service restoration resources.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/outage_management_system [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Outage_Management_System&oldid=502507

148

Spectral Fingerprints of Earth-like Planets Around FGK Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present model atmospheres for an Earth-like planet orbiting the entire grid of main sequence FGK stars with effective temperatures ranging from T[subscript eff]=4250?K to T[subscript eff]=7000?K in 250?K intervals. We ...

Rugheimer, Sarah

149

The Generation and Evolution of Mushroom-like Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations have been performed to understand the generation and evolution of mushroom-like patterns observed in remote sensing images of the ocean surface. A two-layer, shallow-water model is employed using a periodic channel on an f-...

Richard P. Mied; Gloria J. Lindemann; James C. McWilliams

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Backoff algorithms performance in burst-like traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper several backoff algorithms are considered to analysis their behavior in burst-like traffic of smart metering network: YITRAN, Binary Exponential and Polynomial backoff algorithms. The comparison was performed by means of transmission ... Keywords: Markov chains, backoff algorithms, smart grid

Ievgenii Tsokalo; Yamnenko Yulia; Stanislav Mudriievskyi

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We measure the charge asymmetry A of like-sign dimuon events in 6.1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions recorded with the DO detector at a center of mass energy sqrt s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, Maris A.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, Ernest; /York U., Canada; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Alignment of Hurricane-like Vortices on f and ? Planes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear, two-layer, vortex-tracking semispectral model (i.e., Fourier transformed in azimuth only) is used to study the evolution of dry, but otherwise hurricane-like, initially tilted vortices in quiescent surroundings on f and ? planes. The ...

Robert W. Jones; Hugh E. Willoughby; Michael T. Montgomery

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Random Access Game in Fading Channels with Capture: Equilibria and Braess-like Paradoxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nash equilibrium point of the transmission probabilities in a slotted ALOHA system with selfish nodes is analyzed. The system consists of a finite number of heterogeneous nodes, each trying to minimize its average transmission probability (or power investment) selfishly while meeting its average throughput demand over the shared wireless channel to a common base station (BS). We use a game-theoretic approach to analyze the network under two reception models: one is called power capture, the other is called signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) capture. Contrary to one's intuition, we show analytically the occurrence of Braess-like paradoxes that the performance of the system may degrade when channel state information (CSI) is available at the nodes.

Hsu, Fu-Te

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Scheme for Generation of W and W-like States of Nonidentical Particles and their Application in Teleportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a scheme is proposed for the preparation of the tripartite W state or W-like state of nonidentical particles. In our scheme, our required resources include two atoms and one cavity field, which makes our system become simple. Because each ... Keywords: 03.65.Bz, 42.50.Dv, Wstate, cavity QED, teleportation

Aixi Chen; Li Deng

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Soft x-ray laser using pumping of 3P and 4P levels of He-like and H-like ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

X-ray laser method and apparatus for producing coherent radiation at, for example, energies of 40 to 189 eV, using Be-like Cr, N-like Ni, He-like Na, B-like Cr, Be-like Mn or similar multiply ionized species to pump appropriate high energy transitions in He-like or H-like rare gases or N, O, F, or C gases, with associated laser transition gains of 20 to 50 cm/sup -1/.

Hagelstein, P.

1982-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

156

Soft X-ray laser using pumping of 3P and 4P levels of He-like and H-like ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

X-ray laser method and apparatus are disclosed for producing coherent radiation at, for example, energies of at least 40 eV, using Be-like Cr, N-like Ni, He-like Na, B-like Cr, Be-like Mn or similar multiply ionized species to pump appropriate high energy transitions in He-like or H-like N, O, F, C or rare gases, with associated laser transition gains of 4-50 cm[sup [minus]1]. 8 figs.

Hagelstein, P.L.

1987-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

157

Phase diagram and water-like anomalies in core-softened shoulder-dumbbells system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using molecular dynamics we studied the role of the anisotropy on the phase boundary and on the anomalous behavior of 250 dimeric particles interacting by a core-softened potential. This study led us to an unexpected result: the introduction of a rather small anisotropy, quantified by the distance between the particles inside each dimer, leads to the increase of the size of the regions in the pressure-temperature phase diagram of anomalies when compared to the isotropic monomeric case. However, as the anisotropy increases beyond a threshold the anomalous regions shrinks. We found that this behavior can be understood by decoupling the translational and non-translational kinetic energy components into different translational and non-translational temperatures.

Cristina Gavazzoni; Guilherme K. Gonzatti; Luiz Felipe Pereira; Luis Henrique Coelho Ramos; Paulo A. Netz; Marcia C. Barbosa

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Modeling the Insulin-Like Growth Factor System in Articular Cartilage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IGF signaling is involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in a wide range of tissues, both normal and diseased, and so IGF-IR has been the focus of intense interest as a promising drug target. In this ...

Zhang, Lihai

159

Application of salesman-like recommendation system in 3G mobile phone online shopping decision support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid growth of e-commerce has confronted both enterprises and consumers with a new situation. Whereas companies are finding it harder to survive, consumers are unable to effectively select the products that really to meet their needs. To reduce ... Keywords: Browsing actions, Consumer product knowledge, E-marketing, Personalized product recommendation, Product preference index of Web browser

Ching-Torng Lin; Wei-Chiang Hong; Yi-Fun Chen; Yucheng Dong

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Three alternatives to measure the human-likeness of a handshake model in a turing-like test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Turing test, a computer model is deemed to think intelligently if it can generate answers indistinguishable from those of a human. We proposed a Turing-like handshake test for testing motor aspects of machine intelligence. The test is administered ...

Ilana Nisky; Guy Avraham; Amir Karniel

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Definition: Meter Data Management System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Meter Data Management System A meter data management system (MDMS) collects and stores meter data from a head-end system and processes that meter data into information that can be used by other utility applications including billing, customer information systems, and outage management systems. The MDMS is a key resource for managing large quantities of meter data.[1] Related Terms system, outage management system References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/meter_data_management_system [[Ca LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. tegory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Meter_Data_Management_System&oldid=50258

162

JGI - Why Sequence a Rhodocyclus-like PAO?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Rhodocyclus-like PAO? a Rhodocyclus-like PAO? Shotgun sequencing of a simple acid-mine-drainage biofilm community has recently demonstrated that, for one archaeal species population at least, individual genomes are recombinant mosaics (i.e., combinations of segments of genomes) of closely related strains. This suggests that, as in sexual organisms and contrary to current opinion, genetic exchange may be the cohesive force holding microbial species together. How, then, might microbial genomes diverge to define separate species? Since the frequency of homologous recombination decreases exponentially with genome divergence, microbial species may be naturally defined by their ability to recombine, solving a fundamental issue in biology. However, genomic mosaicism is an isolated observation in an extreme habitat that needs to be confirmed with

163

Photon-Axion-Like Particle Coupling Constant and Cosmological Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimated the photon-pseudoscalar particle mixing constant from the effect of cosmological alignment and cosmological rotation of polarization plane of distant QSOs. This effect is explained in terms of birefringent phenomenon due to photon-pseudoscalar (axion-like) particle mixing in a cosmic magnetic field. On the contrary, one can estimate the strength of the cosmic magnetic field using the constraints on the photon-axion-like particle coupling constant from the CAST experiment and from SNe Ia dimming effect. In a result, the lower limit on the intergalactic ($z\\approx 1\\div 2$) magnetic field appears at the level of about $4\\times 10^{-10}\\div 10^{-11}$ G.

M. Yu. Piotrovich; Yu. N. Gnedin; T. M. Natsvlishvili

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

164

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We measure the charge asymmetry A of like-sign dimuon events in 6.1 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions recorded with the D0 detector at a center-of-mass energy {radical}(s)=1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. From A, we extract the like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry in semileptonic b-hadron decays: A{sub sl}{sup b}=-0.00957{+-}0.00251 (stat){+-}0.00146 (syst). This result differs by 3.2 standard deviations from the standard model prediction A{sub sl}{sup b}(SM)=(-2.3{sub -0.6}{sup +0.5})x10{sup -4} and provides first evidence of anomalous CP violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D.; Fisher, W.; Hall, I. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Aspects of metric-like higher-spin geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the higher-derivative equations obtained setting to zero the divergence of the higher-spin curvatures in metric-like form, showing their equivalence to the second-order equations emerging from the tensionless limit of open string field theory, propagating reducible spectra of particles with different spins. This result can be viewed as complementary to the possibility of setting to zero a single trace of the higher-spin field strengths, yielding an equation known to imply Fronsdal's equation in the compensator form. We review the general context and results obtained in the investigation of metric-like higher-spin geometry, the structure of the corresponding non-local actions, together with their links to more conventional, local forms including a recently proposed one for higher-spin theories with transverse gauge invariance.

Francia, D. [Centro Studi e Ricerche E. Fermi, piazza del Viminale 1, I-00184 Roma, Italy and Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, I-56126 Pisa (Italy)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

166

Polarization mesurements of gamma ray bursts and axion like particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A polarized gamma ray emission spread over a sufficiently wide energy band from a strongly magnetized astrophysical object like gamma ray bursts (GRBs) offers an opportunity to test the hypothesis of axion like particles (ALPs). Based on evidences of polarized gamma ray emission detected in several gamma ray bursts we estimated the level of ALPs induced dichroism, which could take place in the magnetized fireball environment of a GRB. This allows to estimate the sensitivity of polarization measurements of GRBs to the ALP-photon coupling. This sensitivity $\\gag\\le 2.2\\cdot 10^{-11} {\\rm GeV^{-1}}$ calculated for the ALP mass $m_a=10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}$ and MeV energy spread of gamma ray emission is competitive with the sensitivity of CAST and becomes even stronger for lower ALPs masses.

Andre Rubbia; Alexander Sakharov

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

167

Process of cleaning oil spills and the like  

SciTech Connect

A process of cleaning spills of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and the like from bodies of water, garage floors, roadways and the like, comprising spraying unbonded shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles onto the spill, absorbing the spill into the shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles, and removing the soaked shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles and the spill absorbed therein. An absorbent composition for absorbing spills of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and like, comprising shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles, and means for absorbing the spill and for stiffening the co-position so that the composition fights against being compressed so that less of the absorbed spill escapes from the composition when it is being removed from the spill, said means including cork particles dispersed in with the fiberglass blowing wool particles. An absorbent sock for absorbing or containing a spill of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and the like, comprising a hollow tube, said tube being permeable to the toxic or hazardous materials and being made of nylon or polypropylene, and unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles enclosed in the tube. Apparatus for controlling an oil slick on the surface of water, comprising a craft for traversing the slick, a supply of fiberglass blowing wool composition particles stored on the craft in position for being dispersed, shredding means on the craft for shredding the fiberglass blowing wool particles to form unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles, and dispensing means on the craft for dispensing the unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles onto the slick.

Breisford, J.A.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Differential rotation in solar-like stars from global simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To explore the physics of large-scale flows in solar-like stars, we perform 3D anelastic simulations of rotating convection for global models with stratification resembling the solar interior. The numerical method is based on an implicit large-eddy simulation approach designed to capture effects from non-resolved small scales. We obtain two regimes of differential rotation, with equatorial zonal flows accelerated either in the direction of rotation (solar-like) or in the opposite direction (anti-solar). While the models with the solar-like differential rotation tend to produce multiple cells of meridional circulation, the models with anti-solar differential rotation result in only one or two meridional cells. Our simulations indicate that the rotation and large-scale flow patterns critically depend on the ratio between buoyancy and Coriolis forces. By including a subadiabatic layer at the bottom of the domain, corresponding to the stratification of a radiative zone, we reproduce a layer of strong radial shear...

Guerrero, G; Kosovichev, A G; Mansour, N N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Single-qubit tests of Bell-like inequalities  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses some tests of Bell-like inequalities not requiring entangled states. The proposed tests are based on consecutive measurements on a single qubit. Available hidden-variable models for a single qubit [see, e.g., J. S. Bell, Rev. Mod. Phys. 38, 447 (1966)] reproduce the predictions of quantum mechanics and hence violate the Bell-like inequalities addressed in this paper. It is shown how this fact is connected with the state 'collapse' and with its random nature. Thus, it becomes possible to test truly realistic and deterministic hidden-variable models. In this way, it can be shown that a hidden-variable model should entail at least one of the following features: (i) nonlocality, (ii) contextuality, or (iii) discontinuous measurement-dependent probability functions. The last two features are put to the test with the experiments proposed in this paper. A hidden-variable model that is noncontextual and deterministic would be at variance with some predictions of quantum mechanics. Furthermore, the proposed tests are more likely to be loophole-free, as compared to former ones.

Zela, F. de [Departamento de Ciencias, Seccion Fisica Pontificia, Universidad Catolica del Peru, Apartado 1761, Lima (Peru)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Asteroseismology of Sun-like Stars - A Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade, helioseismology has revolutionized our understanding of the interior structure of the Sun. In the next decade, asteroseismology will place this knowledge into context, by providing structural information for dozens of pulsating stars across the H-R diagram. Solar-like oscillations have already been detected from the ground in a few stars, and several current and planned satellite missions will soon unleash a flood of stellar pulsation data. Deriving reliable seismological constraints from these observations will require a significant improvement to our current analysis methods. We are adapting a computational method, based on a parallel genetic algorithm, to help interpret forthcoming observations of Sun-like stars. This approach was originally developed for white dwarfs and ultimately led to several interesting tests of fundamental physics, including a key astrophysical nuclear reaction rate and the theory of stellar crystallization. The impact of this method on the analysis of pulsating white dwarfs suggests that seismological modeling of Sun-like stars will also benefit from this approach.

T. S. Metcalfe; T. M. Brown; J. Christensen-Dalsgaard

2004-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

171

Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Print Wednesday, 20 February 2013 00:00 The ratio of isotopes in elements like...

172

A History Keeping Debugging System for PLASMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PLASMA (for PLAnner-like System Modeled on Actors) is a message-passing computer language based on actor semantics. Since every event in the system is the receipt of a message actor by a target actor, a complete history ...

Morrison, Jerry Howard

173

Fish Bulletin No. 97. A Descriptive Study of Certain Tuna-like Fishes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

97 A Descriptive Study of Certain Tuna-like Fishes By H. C.of a number of species of tuna-like fishes and an evaluationof the tunas and the tuna-like fishes has long been a

Godsil, H C

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Definition: Bulk Electric System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bulk Electric System Bulk Electric System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Bulk Electric System As defined by the Regional Reliability Organization, the electrical generation resources, transmission lines, interconnections with neighboring systems, and associated equipment, generally operated at voltages of 100 kV or higher. Radial transmission facilities serving only load with one transmission source are generally not included in this definition.[1] Related Terms Regional Reliability Organization, transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Bulk_Electric_System&oldid=48030

175

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Information System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability Coordinator Information System Reliability Coordinator Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Information System The system that Reliability Coordinators use to post messages and share operating information in real time.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Information_System&oldid=480407" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

176

Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 20, 2013 June 20, 2013 The Energy Systems Integration Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL. SLIDESHOW: Tour the National Renewable Energy Lab's Latest Research Center Browse through our slideshow featuring unique elements of a new research center focused on boosting clean energy technologies. June 19, 2013 Applications powered by open energy data were on display at the Energy Datapalooza in June 2012. | Photo by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Submit Your Ideas for the NY Energy Data Jam The Energy Data Jam travels to New York City next week, and we want to hear your ideas for the next breakthrough technology built on open energy data. June 14, 2013 Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy.

177

New Intrinsic Mechanism on Gum-like Superelasticity of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Case Study in Future Energy Challenges: Towards In Situ Hard X-ray Microscopy of Photovoltaic Systems · A General Formalism to Model the Diffraction ...

178

RECOMBINATION RATE COEFFICIENTS OF Be-LIKE Si  

SciTech Connect

Recombination of Be-like Si{sup 10+} over the 0-43 eV electron-ion energy range is measured at the CRYRING electron cooler. In addition to radiative and dielectronic recombination, the recombination spectrum also shows strong contributions from trielectronic recombination. Below 100 meV, several very strong resonances associated with a spin-flip of the excited electron dominate the spectrum and also dominate the recombination in the photoionized plasma. The resonant plasma rate coefficients corrected for the experimental field ionization are in good agreement with calculated results by Gu and with AUTOSTRUCTURE calculations. All other calculations significantly underestimate the plasma rate coefficients at low temperatures.

Orban, I.; Boehm, S.; Schuch, R. [Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Loch, S. D. [Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (United States)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the like-sign dimuon asymmetry in semileptonic b-hadron decays, performed using 6.1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions recorded with the D0 detector at a center-of-mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This measured value is A{sub sl}{sup b} = [-0.957 {+-} 0.251 (stat) {+-} 0.146 (syst)] %, which disagrees with the Standard Model prediction at a statistical level of 3.2 {sigma}, and provides the first evidence of anomalous CP violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons.

Williams, M.R.J.; /Lancaster U.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

R Parity in Standard--like Superstring Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the R symmetries of standard--like superstring models. At the level of the cubic superpotential there are three global $U(1)$ R symmetries. These are broken explicitly by $N>3$ terms in the superpotential and spontaneously by scalar VEVs necessary to preserve supersymmetry at $M_P$. A $Z_2$ discrete symmetry remains but is equivalent to fermion number modulo 2. These models possess an effective R parity which arises from the interplay between the gauged $U(1)_{B-L}$ and $U(1)_{r_{j+3}}$.

Edi Halyo

1994-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Microeconomics of the ideal gas like market models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a framework based on microeconomic theory from which the ideal gas like market models can be addressed. A kinetic exchange model based on that framework is proposed and its distributional features have been studied by considering its moments. Next, we derive the moments of the CC model (Eur. Phys. J. B 17 (2000) 167) as well. Some precise solutions are obtained which conform with the solutions obtained earlier. Finally, an output market is introduced with global price determination in the model with some necessary modifications.

Chakrabarti, Anindya S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Magnetic-sublevel population and alignment for the excitation of H- and He-like uranium in relativistic collisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have measured the alignment of the L-shell magnetic substates following the K-shell excitation of hydrogen- and helium-like uranium in relativistic collisions with a low-Z gaseous target. Within this experiment, the population distribution for the L-shell magnetic sublevels has been obtained via an angular differential study of the decay photons associated with the subsequent deexcitation process. The results show a very distinctive behavior for the H- and He-like heavy systems. In particular, for K{yields}L excitation of He-like uranium, a considerable alignment of the L-shell levels was observed. A comparison of our experimental findings with recent rigorous relativistic predictions provides a good qualitative and a reasonable quantitative agreement, emphasizing the importance of the magnetic-interaction and many-body effects in the strong-field domain of high-Z ions.

Gumberidze, A. [ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI and Research Division, GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); FIAS Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Fritzsche, S. [FIAS Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014 (Finland); Hagmann, S. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt, D-60486 Frankfurt (Germany); Kozhuharov, C.; Steck, M. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Ma, X. [Institute of Modern Physics, 730000 Lanzhou (China); Surzhykov, A. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet, Heidelberg (Germany); Warczak, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Krakow (Poland); Stoehlker, Th. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet, Heidelberg (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Jena, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Analysing solar-like oscillations with an automatic pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kepler mission will provide a huge amount of asteroseismic data during the next few years, among which hundreds of solar-like stars will be targeted. The amount of stars and their observation length represent a step forward in the comprehension of the stellar evolution that has already been initiated by CoRoT and MOST missions. Up to now, the slow cadence of observed targets allowed an individual and personalized analysis of each star. During the survey phase of Kepler, this will be impossible. This is the reason why, within the AsteroFLAG team, we have been developing automatic pipelines for the Kepler solar-like oscillation stars. Our code starts by finding the frequency-range where p-mode power is present and, after fitting the background, it looks for the mode amplitudes as well as the central frequency of the p-mode hump. A good estimation of the large separation can thus be inferred in this region. If the signal to noise is high enough, the code obtains the characteristics of the p modes by doing a glob...

Mathur, S; Regulo, C; Ballot, J; Salabert, D; Chaplin, W J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A Skyrme-like model with an exact BPS bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new Skyrme-like model with fields taking values on the sphere S^3 or, equivalently, on the group SU(2). The action of the model contains a quadratic kinetic term plus a quartic term which is the same as that of the Skyrme-Faddeev model. The novelty of the model is that it possess a first order Bogomolny type equation whose solutions automatically satisfy the second order Euler-Lagrange equations. It also possesses a lower bound on the static energy which is saturated by the Bogomolny solutions. Such Bogomolny equation is equivalent to the so-called force free equation used in plasma and solar Physics, and which possesses large classes of solutions. An old result due to Chandrasekhar prevents the existence of finite energy solutions for the force free equation on the entire tridimensional space R^3. We construct new exact finite energy solutions to the Bogomolny equations for the case where the space is the three-sphere S^3, using toroidal like coordinates.

L. A. Ferreira; Wojtek J. Zakrzewski

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

Securing a Wireless Networked Control System Using Information Fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security of a wireless sensor network practically governs its usability in several applications. Especially, in applications like Industrial control systems which use NCS and SCADA systems, the security affects the stability of the system. We propose ...

Brijesh Kashyap Chejerla, Sanjay Madria

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Safety and Software Intensive Systems: Challenges Old and New  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an increased use of software in safety-critical systems; a trend that is likely to continue in the future. Although traditional system safety techniques are applicable to software intensive systems, there are new challenges emerging. In this ...

Mats P. E. Heimdahl

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Star-Like Micelles with Star-Like Interactions: A quantitative Evaluation of Structure Factor and Phase Diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PEP-PEO block copolymer micelles offer the possibility to investigate phase behaviour and interactions of star polymers (ultra-soft colloids). A star-like architecture is achieved by an extremely asymmetric block ratio (1:20). Micellar functionality f can be smoothly varied by changing solvent composition (interfacial tension). Structure factors obtained by SANS can be quantitatively described in terms of an effective potential developed for star polymers. The experimental phase diagram reproduces to a high level of accuracy the predicted liquid/solid transition. Whereas for intermediate f a bcc phase is observed, for high f the formation of a fcc phase is preempted by glass formation.

M. Laurati; J. Stellbrink; R. Lund; L. Willner; D. Richter; E. Zaccarelli

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

Cornell researchers take step in deciphering what proteins look like  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ealick Research Group Ealick Research Group Cornell researchers take step in deciphering what proteins look like through discovery of new family member important in making DNA Nov. 3, 2004 ITHACA, N.Y. -- Cornell University researchers, who are trying to understand how proteins evolve and function by looking at their structural features, have uncovered the crystal structure of a protein involved in making the building blocks of DNA correctly. The protein is AIRs kinase, and to the researchers' surprise, its shape is similar to other members of the riboside kinase family, proteins that are important in making DNA and RNA, the molecules that make up genes. As a result, the research group now has nine members of the riboside kinase family that are thought to have evolved from a common protein ancestor.

189

Searches for New Vector Like Quarks: Higgs Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New vector-like quarks can mix sizably with first generation Standard Model quarks without conflicting with current experimental constraints. Searches for such new quarks have been performed in pair production and electroweak single production channels with subsequent decays into electroweak gauge bosons. To fully explore the underlying structure of the theory the channels with heavy quark decays into Higgs bosons are crucial and in this article we consider for the first time the LHC reach for such channels. The two main production mechanisms involve single production of new quarks through the fusion of a vector boson and the Higgs and single production in association with a Higgs boson. We show that both channels have promising reach at the LHC and that they complement the current direct searches involving decays into electroweak gauge bosons.

Anupama Atre; Mikael Chala; Jose Santiago

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Searches for New Vector Like Quarks: Higgs Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New vector-like quarks can mix sizably with first generation Standard Model quarks without conflicting with current experimental constraints. Searches for such new quarks have been performed in pair production and electroweak single production channels with subsequent decays into electroweak gauge bosons. To fully explore the underlying structure of the theory the channels with heavy quark decays into Higgs bosons are crucial and in this article we consider for the first time the LHC reach for such channels. The two main production mechanisms involve single production of new quarks through the fusion of a vector boson and the Higgs and single production in association with a Higgs boson. We show that both channels have promising reach at the LHC and that they complement the current direct searches involving decays into electroweak gauge bosons.

Atre, Anupama; Santiago, Jose

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Valence-shell photoionization of chlorine-like Ar$^{+}$ ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absolute cross-section measurements for valence-shell photoionization of Ar$^{+}$ ions are reported for photon energies ranging from 27.4 eV to 60.0 eV. The data, taken by merging beams of ions and synchrotron radiation at a photon energy resolution of 10 meV, indicate that the primary ion beam was a statistically weighted mixture of the $^2P^o_{3/2}$ ground state and the $^2P^o_{1/2}$ metastable state of Ar$^{+}$. Photoionization of this C$\\ell$-like ion is characterized by multiple Rydberg series of autoionizing resonances superimposed on a direct photoionization continuum. Observed resonance lineshapes indicate interference between indirect and direct photoionization channels. Resonance features are spectroscopically assigned and their energies and quantum defects are tabulated. The measurements are satisfactorily reproduced by theoretical calculations based on an intermediate coupling semi-relativistic Breit-Pauli approximation.

Covington, A M; Covington, I R; Hinojosa, G; Shirley, C A; Álvarez, I; Cisneros, C; Dominguez-Lopez, I; Sant'Anna, M M; Schlachter, A S; Ballance, C P; McLaughlin, B M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Self-cleaning skin-like prosthetic polymer surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An external covering and method of making an external covering for hiding the internal endoskeleton of a mechanical (e.g., prosthetic) device that exhibits skin-like qualities is provided. The external covering generally comprises an internal bulk layer in contact with the endoskeleton of the prosthetic device and an external skin layer disposed about the internal bulk layer. The external skin layer is comprised of a polymer composite with carbon nanotubes embedded therein. The outer surface of the skin layer has multiple cone-shaped projections that provide the external skin layer with superhydrophobicity. The carbon nanotubes are preferably vertically aligned between the inner surface and outer surface of the external skin layer in order to provide the skin layer with the ability to transmit heat. Superhydrophobic powders may optionally be used as part of the polymer composite or applied as a coating to the surface of the skin layer to enhance superhydrophobicity.

Simpson, John T. (Clinton, TN); Ivanov, Ilia N. (Knoxville, TN); Shibata, Jason (Manhattan Beach, CA)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

193

Random bipartite entanglement from W and W-like states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a protocol for distilling maximally entangled bipartite states between random pairs of parties (``random entanglement'') from those sharing a tripartite W state, and show that this may be done at a higher rate than distillation of bipartite entanglement between specified pairs of parties (``specified entanglement''). Specifically, the optimal distillation rate for specified entanglement for the W has been previously shown to be the asymptotic entanglement of assistance of 0.92 EPR pairs per W, while our protocol can distill 1 EPR pair per W between random pairs of parties, which we conjecture to be optimal. We further extend this to a more general class of W-like states and show by increasing the number of parties in the protocol that there exist states with fixed lower-bounded distillable random entanglement for arbitrarily small specified entanglement.

Fortescue, B; Fortescue, Ben; Lo, Hoi-Kwong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

KamLAND-Experiment and Soliton-Like Nuclear Georeactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an alternative description of the new data produced in the KamLAND experiment, assuming the existence of a natural nuclear reactor on the boundary of the liquid and solid phases of the Earth's core. Analyzing the uncertainty of antineutrino spectrum of georeactor origin, we show that the theoretical (which takes into account the soliton-like nuclear georeactor with power about 20 TW) reactor antineutrino spectrum describes with good accuracy the new experimental KamLAND-data. At the same time the parameters of mixing calculated within the framework of georeactor hypothesis are substantially closer to the data of solar flux SNO-experiment then the parameters of mixing obtained in KamLAND-experiment.

V. D. Rusov; D. A. Litvinov; S. Ch. Mavrodiev; E. P. Linnik; V. N. Vaschenko; T. N. Zelentsova; V. A. Tarasov

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

195

Definition: Geographic Information System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System Geographic Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geographic Information System A GIS is an organized collection of computer hardware, software, geographic data, and personnel designed to efficiently capture, store, update, manipulate, analyze, and display all forms of geographically referenced information[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ http://ciesin.columbia.edu/docs/005-331/005-331.html Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Geographic_Information_System&oldid=579407" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

196

Amplitudes for space-like separations and causality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores whether quantum field theory allows the events of emission and absorption of a single particle to be separated by a space-like interval without violating Lorentz symmetries and causality. Although the answer is indeed affirmative, traditionally such effects have been considered negligible. We show that for sufficiently light mass eigenstates such processes can become significant over macroscopic length scales. A critical review of the historical literature reveals various shortcomings of the standard methods; specifically, one finds that they are restricted to states for which the expectation value of momentum vanishes. Furthermore, the results obtained here correct Feynman's analysis of this subject. A formalism is thus developed that allows the description of states with non-zero momentum, which is then applied to the OPERA and ICARUS neutrino-speed experiments. For OPERA we choose a mass in the nano electron-volt range and find that although our formalism predicts a non-zero detection probability for an early arrival time of 60 ns, the predicted event distribution is maximal on the light-cone. Consequently, our prediction does not reproduce the peak at 60 ns reported by the OPERA collaboration. Turning to the ICARUS experiment, we note that while the collaboration reported an average time of flight that is consistent with the speed of light, the event data with its associated uncertainties nevertheless indicates that some of the detection events are separated from their corresponding emission events by a space-like interval. For a micro electron-volt mass range, this is in agreement with the here reported formalism. We thus raise the possibility of employing high-precision neutrino-speed experiments to determine the absolute masses of neutrino mass eigenstates.

S. P. Horvath; D. Schritt; D. V. Ahluwalia

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

197

Electronic payment systems development in Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the creation of modern electronic payment systems in Thailand. Thailand, like other major developed and emerging economies, experienced payment systems reforms in the 1990s. The country's economic expansion, which started in the late-1980s ... Keywords: Banking strategies, Electronic data interchange, Electronic payment systems, Strategic information systems

Tanai Khiaonarong

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Wireless sensor network operating systems: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of operating system for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) deviates from the traditional operating system design due to their specific characteristics like constrained resources, high dynamics and inaccessible deployment environments. We ... Keywords: TinyOS, WSN operating systems, WSNs, ad-hoc networks, applications, characteristics, classification framework, design, embedded systems, reprogramming, survey, virtual machines, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Adi Mallikarjuna V. Reddy; A.V.U. Phani Kumar; D. Janakiram; G. Ashok Kumar

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Neural network control for an intelligent air handler in an air-conditioning system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many commercial air-conditioning systems in hot and humid areas like Singapore are operated throughout the year. There are two main classifications for these systems: the… (more)

Zhang, Qi.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Near-Surface CO2 Monitoring And Analysis To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dioxide flux at the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada;volcanic system, USA Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, USAProvince system like the Dixie Valley (Nevada) geothermal

Lewicki, Jennifer L.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Wall R-values that tell it like it is  

SciTech Connect

The R-value of a whole wall can be considerable lower than the R-value of the insulation that fills it. At DOE`s Buildings Technology Center, scientists have developed a system for measuring whole wall R-value and have already tested several wall systems. Topics covered include the following: how wall r-value is usually calculated; measuring whole-wall r-values; evaluating wall performance; a wall rating label; beyond r-value; r-value terminology. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kosny, J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Nonaqueous seeded growth of flower-like mixed-phase titania nanostructures for photocatalytic applications  

SciTech Connect

A nonaqueous seeded-grown synthesis of three-dimensional TiO{sub 2} nanostructures in the benzyl alcohol reaction system was reported. The synthesis was simple, high-yield, and requires no structural directing or capping agents. It could be largely accelerated by applying microwave heating. The TiO{sub 2} nanostructures had a unique flower-like morphology and high surface area. Furthermore, the structural analyses suggested that the nanostructures had a non-uniform distribution of crystalline phases, with the inner part rich in anatase and the outer part rich in rutile. After heat treatments, the mixed-phase TiO{sub 2} nanostructures exhibited high photocatalytic activities for the photodegradation of methylene blue as compared to Degussa P25. The high photoactivities may be associated with the high surface area and the synergistic effect resulting from the anisotropic mixed-phase nanostructures. The results demonstrate the uniqueness of the nonaqueous seeded growth and the potential of the TiO{sub 2} nanostructures for practical applications. - Graphical abstract: Flower-like TiO{sub 2} nanostructures synthesized by a nonaqueous seeded growth without using any structural directing or capping agents.

Hsu, Y.-C.; Lin, H.-C.; Chen, C.-H.; Liao, Y.-T. [Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Yang, C.-M., E-mail: cmyang@mx.nthu.edu.t [Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Design, manufacture and initial operation of the beryllium components of the JET ITER-like wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of the JET ITER-like Wall Project was to provide JET with the plasma facing material combination now selected for the DT phase of ITER (bulk beryllium main chamber limiters and a full tungsten divertor) and, in conjunction with the upgraded neutral beam heating system, to achieve ITER relevant conditions. The design of the bulk Be plasma facing components had to be compatible with increased heating power and pulse length, as well as to reuse the existing tile supports originally designed to cope with disruption loads from carbon based tiles and be installed by remote handling. Risk reduction measures (prototypes, jigs, etc) were implemented to maximize efficiency during the shutdown. However, a large number of clashes with existing components not fully captured by the configuration model occurred. Restarting the plasma on the ITER-like Wall proved much easier than for the carbon wall and no deconditioning by disruptions was observed. Disruptions have been more threatening than expected due to the redu...

Riccardo, V; Matthews, G F; Nunes, I; Thompson, V; Villedieu, E; Contributors, JET EFDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A photon-like wavepacket with quantised properties based on classical Maxwell's equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A photon-like wavepacket based on novel solutions of Maxwell's equations is proposed. It is believed to be the first 'classical' model that contains so many of the accepted quantum features. In this new work, novel solutions to Maxwell's classical equations in dispersive guides are considered where local helical twists with an arbitrary angular frequency W modulate a classical mode (angular frequency w, group velocity vg). The modal field patterns are unchanged, apart from the twist, provided that the helical velocity vh equals vg. Pairs of resonating retarded and advanced waves with modal and helical frequencies (w,W) and (w,-W)respectively, trap one temporal period of the underlying classical mode forming a photon-like packet provided W = (M+1/2)w: 'Schrodinger' frequencies. This theory supports experimental evidence that the photon velocity does not change with M in dispersive systems. Promotion and demotion increase or decrease the helical frequencies in units of w. An energy of interaction between retarded and advanced waves in the wave-packet is also proportional to these helical frequencies W = (M+1/2)w similar to Planck's law. Group velocity and polarisation are unaffected by the value of M. Advanced waves enable phase and polarisation to be predicted along all future paths and may help to explain the outcomes of experiments on delayed-choice interference and entanglement, without causality being violated.

John E. Carroll

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Free Energy Landscape of Protein-like Chains with Discontinuous Potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article the configurational space of two simple protein models consisting of polymers composed of a periodic sequence of four different kinds of monomers is studied as a function of temperature. In the protein models, hydrogen bond interactions, electrostatic repulsion, and covalent bond vibrations are modeled by discontinuous step, shoulder and square-well potentials, respectively. The protein-like chains exhibit a secondary alpha helix structure in their folded states at low temperatures, and allow a natural definition of a configuration by considering which beads are bonded. Free energies and entropies of configurations are computed using the parallel tempering method in combination with hybrid Monte Carlo sampling of the canonical ensemble of the discontinuous potential system. The probability of observing the most common configuration is used to analyze the nature of the free energy landscape, and it is found that the model with the least number of possible bonds exhibits a funnel-like free energy landscape at low enough temperature for chains with fewer than 30 beads. For longer proteins, the landscape consists of several minima, where the configuration with the lowest free energy changes significantly by lowering the temperature and the probability of observing the most common configuration never approaches one due to the degeneracy of the lowest accessible potential energy.

Hanif Bayat Movahed; Ramses van Zon; Jeremy Schofield

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Helium- and Lithium-like ionic sequences: Critical charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics we study the Coulomb systems of infinitely massive center of charge Z and two-three electrons: $(Z,e,e)$ and $(Z,e,e,e)$. It is shown that in both cases the total energy curve in $Z$ is smooth, without any visible irregularities. Thus, for both systems the physical integer charges $Z=1,2,...$ do not play a distinguished role as would be associated with charge quantization. By definition, a critical charge $Z_{cr}$ is a charge which separates a domain of the existence of bound states from a domain of unbound ones (continuum). For both systems the critical charges are found, $Z_{cr,2e}=0.91085$ and $Z_{cr,3e}=2.009$, respectively. Based on numerical analysis, the Puiseux expansion in fractional powers of $(Z-Z_{cr})$ is constructed for both systems. Our results indicate the existence of a square-root branch point singularity at $Z_{cr}$ with exponent 3/2. A connection between the critical charge and the radius of convergence of 1/Z-expansion is briefly discussed.

N. L. Guevara; A. V. Turbiner

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Economy-like reward distribution for division of labor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In learning agent team, giving appropriate amount of reward to each agent is necessary for division of labor. In this paper we present a novel approach for a reward allocation in which reward payments are conducted between agents. We consider foraging ... Keywords: autonomous agents, cooperative artificial intelligence systems, division of labor, reinforcement learning

Munetaka Saitoh; Yoshihito Oyama

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Frobenius Curvature, Electromagnetic Strain and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems and electromagnetic strain quantities. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures and correspondingly directed strains as measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description (including lagrangian) of such objects in these terms is given.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

209

Frobenius Curvature, Electromagnetic Strain and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems and electromagnetic strain quantities. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures and correspondingly directed strains as measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description (including lagrangian) of such objects in these terms is given.

Donev, Stoil

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Modeling of the ITER-like wide-angle infrared thermography view of JET  

SciTech Connect

Infrared (IR) thermography systems are mandatory to ensure safe plasma operation in fusion devices. However, IR measurements are made much more complicated in metallic environment because of the spurious contributions of the reflected fluxes. This paper presents a full predictive photonic simulation able to assess accurately the surface temperature measurement with classical IR thermography from a given plasma scenario and by taking into account the optical properties of PFCs materials. This simulation has been carried out the ITER-like wide angle infrared camera view of JET in comparing with experimental data. The consequences and the effects of the low emissivity and the bidirectional reflectivity distribution function used in the model for the metallic PFCs on the contribution of the reflected flux in the analysis are discussed.

Aumeunier, M.-H. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); OPTIS, ZE de La Farlede, F-83078 Toulon Cedex 9 (France); Firdaouss, M.; Travere, J.-M.; Loarer, T.; Gauthier, E.; Martin, V. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Chabaud, D.; Humbert, E. [OPTIS, ZE de La Farlede, F-83078 Toulon Cedex 9 (France); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Optimization of two- and three-link snake-like locomotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze two- and three-link planar snake-like locomotion and optimize the motion for efficiency. The locomoting system consists of two or three identical inextensible links connected via hinge joints, and the angles between the links are actuated as prescribed periodic functions of time. An essential feature of snake locomotion is frictional anisotropy: the forward, backward and transverse coefficients of friction are different. The dynamics are studied analytically and numerically for small and large amplitudes of the internal angles. Efficiency is defined as the ratio between distance traveled and the energy expended within one period, i.e. the inverse of the cost of locomotion. The optimal set of coefficients of friction to maximize efficiency consists of a large backward coefficient of friction and a small transverse coefficient of friction, compared to the forward coefficient of friction. For the two-link case with a symmetrical motion, efficiency is maximized when the internal angle amplitude is appr...

Jing, Fangxu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Multiple receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases in the form of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. FEBS Lett  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Pleiotrophin/heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM) is a specific ligand of protein tyrosine phosphatase ? (PTP?)/receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase ? (RPTP?) expressed in the brain as a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. Pleiotrophin and PTP ? isoforms are localized along the radial glial fibers, a scaffold for neuronal migration, suggesting that these molecules are involved in migratory processes of neurons during brain development. In this study, we examined the roles of pleiotrophin-PTP ? interaction in the neuronal migration using cell migration assay systems with glass fibers and Boyden chambers. Pleiotrophin and poly-L-lysine coated on the substratums stimulated cell migration of cortical neurons, while laminin, fibronectin, and tenascin exerted almost no effect.

Nobuaki Maeda; Masaharu Noda

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Magnetite and magnetite/silver core/shell nanoparticles with diluted magnet-like behavior  

SciTech Connect

In the present work is reported the use of the biopolymer chitosan as template for the preparation of magnetite and magnetite/silver core/shell nanoparticles systems, following a two step procedure of magnetite nanoparticles in situ precipitation and subsequent silver ions reduction. The crystalline and morphological characteristics of both magnetite and magnetite/silver core/shell nanoparticles systems were analyzed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and nanobeam diffraction patterns (NBD). The results of these studies corroborate the core/shell morphology and the crystalline structure of the magnetite core and the silver shell. Moreover, magnetization temperature dependent, M(T), measurements show an unusual diluted magnetic behavior attributed to the dilution of the magnetic ordering in the magnetite and magnetite/silver core/shell nanoparticles systems. - Graphical abstract: Biopolymer chitosan was used as stabilization media to synthesize both magnetite and magnetite/silver core/shell nanoparticles. Results of HRTEM and NBD patterns confirm core/shell morphology of the obtained nanoparticles. It was found that the composites show diluted magnet-like behavior.

Garza-Navarro, Marco [Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Av. Universidad s/n, Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolas de los Garza, Nuevo Leon 66450 (Mexico); Torres-Castro, Alejandro, E-mail: alejandro.torrescs@uanl.edu.m [Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Av. Universidad s/n, Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolas de los Garza, Nuevo Leon 66450 (Mexico); Centro de Innovacion, Investigacion y Desarrollo en Ingenieria y Tecnologia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Apodaca, Nuevo Leon 66600 (Mexico); Gonzalez, Virgilio; Ortiz, Ubaldo [Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Av. Universidad s/n, Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolas de los Garza, Nuevo Leon 66450 (Mexico); Centro de Innovacion, Investigacion y Desarrollo en Ingenieria y Tecnologia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Apodaca, Nuevo Leon 66600 (Mexico); De la Rosa, Elder [Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, A.P. 1-948, Leon Gto. 37160 (Mexico)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

PPPL and Princeton scientists developing a novel system for verifying...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PPPL and Princeton scientists developing a novel system for verifying nuclear warheads By John Greenwald April 25, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Scientists at...

215

Energy and Air Emission Implications of a Decentralized Wastewater System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water supply like desalination. The centralized facilitywater demand met through desalination would increase thewater is supplied through desalination. While septic systems

Shehabi, Arman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Using Modelica for Physical Modeling of Air-Conditioning Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and ready-to-use models for all relevant components of automotive air conditioning systems like condenser, evaporator, compressor, expansion devices and accumulatorreceiver...

217

Axisymmetrically Tropical Cyclone-like Vortices with Secondary Circulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The secondary circulation of the tropical cyclone (TC) is related to its formation and intensification, thus becomes very important in the studies. The analytical solutions have both the primary and secondary circulation in a three-dimensionally nonhydrostatic and adiabatic model. We prove that there are three intrinsic radiuses for the axisymmetrically ideal incompressible flow. The first one is the radius of maximum primary circular velocity $r_m$. The second one is radius of the primary kernel $r_k>r_m$, across which the vorticity of the primary circulation changes sign and the vertical velocity changes direction. The last one is the radius of the maximum primary vorticity $r_d$, at which the vertical flow of the secondary circulation approaches its maximum, and across which the radius velocity changes sign. The first TC-like vortex solution has universal inflow or outflow. The relations between the intrinsic length scales are $r_k=\\sqrt{2}r_m$ and $r_d=2r_m$. The second one is a multi-planar solution, per...

Sun, Liang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Wavelet Analysis on Detecting Pulse-Like Earthquakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quantitative approach for identifying pulse-like ground motions is proposed herein. It is based on the use of the wavelet transform which has the peculiarity to detect sudden jumps in time histories by separating the contributions of different levels of frequency. Moreover, it has the advantage of low computational cost. Three different wavelet-based signal processing procedures are considered here in order to detect large pulses in near-fault ground motions. The first one is based on the direct decomposition of velocity time histories in frequency level and has been exploited elsewhere in the scientific literature. The other two are introduced here and take into account energy and power spectra. It is shown that wavelet analysis of the energy allows one to put in evidence even pulses that can be hardly recognized in the analysis of velocity time-histories. The proposed procedure permits also to distinguish the various energy contributions in different frequency ranges. By analyzing the wavelet coefficients, in fact, it is possible to verify if the mechanical energy release rate associated with a certain earthquake is due to a few severe events or to a series of 'small' events. It is also possible to evidence the frequency contents of a specific pulse (let say the one with highest amount of energy and corresponding power), isolating its analysis from the rest of the ground motion.

Bosi, Anna; Mariano, Paolo Maria [DICeA, Univesrity of Florence, via Santa Marta 3, I-50139 Firenze (Italy); Mollaioli, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale e Geotecnica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza' Via Gramsci 53, 00197 Roma (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

219

CAVITY LIKE COMPLETIONS IN WEAK SANDS PREFERRED UPSTREAM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

SciTech Connect

The technology referred to as Cavity Like Completions (CLC) offers a new technique to complete wells in friable and unconsolidated sands. A successfully designed CLC provides significant increases in well PI (performance index) at lower costs than alternative completion techniques. CLC technology is being developed and documented by a partnership of major oil and gas companies through a GPRI (Global Petroleum Research Institute) joint venture. Through the DOE-funded PUMP program, the experiences of the members of the joint venture will be described for other oil and gas producing companies. To date six examples of CLC completions have been investigated by the JV. The project was performed to introduce a new type of completion (or recompletion) technique to the industry that, in many cases, offers a more cost effective method to produce oil and gas from friable reservoirs. The project's scope of work included: (1) Further develop theory, laboratory and field data into a unified model to predict performance of cavity completion; (2) Perform at least one well test for cavity completion (well provided by one of the sponsor companies); (3) Provide summary of geo-mechanical models for PI increase; and (4) Develop guidelines to evaluate success of potential cavity completion. The project tracks the experiences of a joint industry consortium (GPRI No. 17) over a three year period and compiles results of the activities of this group.

Ian Palmer; John McLennan

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

Atrial natriuretic polypeptide-like material in rat lung  

SciTech Connect

Atrial natriuretic polypeptide-like immunoreactive material (ANP-IR) was found in rat lung by radioimmunoassay, with the concentration ranging from 0.6-1.2 pmol/g of tissue in each lobe. PAP-immunohistochemical study demonstrated that specific staining of granules for ..cap alpha..-human ANP are mainly located in the muscular layer of the pulmonary vein. Fractionation of lung extract by gel filtration and reserve phase HPLC revealed the presence of multiple forms of ANP-IR, which possibly possessed molecular structure partially different from rat ANP, atriopeptin I and III. Intravenous injection of lung extract induced potent diuresis and natriuresis in rats. These responses could be abolished when the lung extract was preincubated with antiserum for ..cap alpha..-human ANP. Specific binding sites for /sup 125/I-labeled rat ANP were also found in lung membrane preparation by radioreceptor assay. Incubation of synthetic atriopeptin III (10/sup -9/ to 10/sup -6/M) with lung tissue induced 1-28 fold increase in lung cGMP content. The results suggest that ANP-IR and its receptors existing in rat lung may be involved in the regulation of pulmonary function and have a synergic effect with ANP of cardiac origin in the control of water-electrolytes balance.

Chang, J.K.; Chang, D.; Xie, C.W.; Song, D.L.; Li, X.R.; Zhang, S.X.; Wang, T.L.; Tang, J.

1986-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Analysis of Star Formation in Galaxy-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using cosmological hydrodynamical simulations, we investigate the effects of hierarchical aggregation on the triggering of star formation in galactic-like objects. We include a simple star formation model to transform the cold gas in dense regions into stars. Simulations with different parameters have been performed in order to quantify the dependence of the results on the parameters. We then resort to stellar population synthesis models to trace the color evolution of each object with red-shift and in relation to their merger histories. We find that, in a hierarchical clustering scenario, the process of assembling of the structure is one natural mechanism that may trigger star formation. The resulting star formation rate history for each individual galactic object is composed of a continuous one ($\\leq 3 \\rm{M_{\\odot}/yr}$) and a series of star bursts. We find that even the accretion of a small satellite can be correlated with a stellar burst. Massive mergers are found to be more efficient at transforming gas into stars

Patricia B. Tissera

1999-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

222

Quantum dissipative effects in graphene-like mirrors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study quantum dissipative effects due to the accelerated motion of a single, imperfect, zero-width mirror. It is assumed that the microscopic degrees of freedom on the mirror are confined to it, like in plasma or graphene sheets. Therefore, the mirror is described by a vacuum polarization tensor $\\Pi_{\\alpha\\beta}$ concentrated on a time-dependent surface. Under certain assumptions about the microscopic model for the mirror, we obtain a rather general expression for the Euclidean effective action, a functional of the time-dependent mirror's position, in terms of two invariants that characterize the tensor $\\Pi_{\\alpha\\beta}$. The final result can be written in terms of the TE and TM reflection coefficients of the mirror, with qualitatively different contributions coming from them. We apply that general expression to derive the imaginary part of the `in-out' effective action, which measures dissipative effects induced by the mirror's motion, in different models, in particular for an accelerated graphene sheet.

C. D. Fosco; F. C. Lombardo; F. D. Mazzitelli; M. L. Remaggi

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

223

Commissioning of the ITER-like ICRF antenna for JET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new JET ion cyclotron resonance frequency (ICRF) ITER-like antenna (ILA), which was assembled during 2006, was commissioned on the JET RF testbed prior to installation on the JET torus. The 4 resonant double loops (RDL) of the ILA were tested at high power at 42 MHz up to 42 kV for 5 s in 10 min intervals. Low power matching studies using a saltwater load placed in front of the ILA have allowed testing and optimizing proposed matching algorithms on single RDLs, paired RDLs and finally on the full array. The upper limit of the frequency range of the ILA appears to be limited to 47 49 MHz due to the effect on the electrical lengths of the connection between the capacitors and the conjugate T point. Capacitor position scans have allowed obtaining the necessary data to confirm the RF model of the RDL which is necessary for the scattering matrix arc detection. The latter is deemed necessary in order to detect arcs at the low impedance conjugate T of the circuit. The antenna was installed onto JET during August 2007 and commissioning on plasma started May 2008. At present the commissioning of the ILA on JET is ongoing in a series of dedicated experimental campaigns.

Durodie, F. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Dumortier, P. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Huygen, S. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Jachmich, S. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Lerche, E. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Messiaen, A. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Ongena, J. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Van Eester, D. [Laboratory for Plasma Physics-ERM/KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Brussels, Belgium; Vervier, M. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Vrancken, M. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Nightingale, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Blackman, T. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Edwards, P. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Fanthome, J. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Graham, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Jacquet, P. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Kaye, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Mayoral, M. -L. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Monakhov, I. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Nicholls, K. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Stork, D. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Walden, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Whitehurst, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Zastrow, K. -D. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Argouarch, A. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Berger-By, G. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Loarer, T. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Rimini, F. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Castano-Giraldo, C. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Caughman, John B [ORNL; Goulding, Richard Howell [ORNL; Cocilovo, V. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Frigione, D. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Sozzi, C. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Hobrik, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fu?r Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching, Germany; Lamalle, Philippe [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Nave, M. F. F. [Association EURATOM/IST, Lisbon, Portugal; Tsalas, M. [Association EURATOM-Hellas, Attica, Greece

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy collector for collecting solar energy and the like  

SciTech Connect

A solar energy collector connectable with a fluid-circulating system is contained in a plenum within an insulative housing and has a plurality of generally parallel, heat-absorbing conduits extending between intake and outlet manifolds and confronting the sun or other heat source through a transparent window, each conduit being separated from an adjacent conduit by an intervening slot. Positioned below the conduits is a heat-absorbing tank which is connected in fluid-flow relationship with the outlet manifold and also with the circulation system so that a heat-transfer medium may flow continuously between the energy collector and the circulation system. The tank receives radiant energy through the slots and after absorbing some of the radiation reflects the remaining portion upwardly to the conduits to thereby increase radiation intensity on and heat absorption by the conduits. Multiple reflections between tank and conduits further increase energy absorption both by tank and conduit. The conduits may be of round cross section or may have a planar heat-absorbing surface facing the sun and an arcuate, convex surface facing the tank. The tank may be provided with a plurality of arcuate troughs, a trough underlying and paralleling each conduit to both absorb energy and reflect energy toward the overlying conduit. The conduits may be provided with internal air ducts which communicate with the hot-air plenum and permit heat from the hot air to be transferred through the duct walls and to the fluid medium within the conduits.

Bansal, J.M.; Kumar, A.

1978-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

225

Radiation delivery system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation delivery system and method are described. The system includes a treatment configuration such as a stent, balloon catheter, wire, ribbon, or the like, a portion of which is covered with a gold layer. Chemisorbed to the gold layer is a radiation-emitting self-assembled monolayer or a radiation-emitting polymer. The radiation delivery system is compatible with medical catheter-based technologies to provide a therapeutic dose of radiation to a lesion following an angioplasty procedure.

Sorensen, Scott A. (Overland Park, KS); Robison, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Craig M. V. (Jemez Springs, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Piecewise uniform conduction-like flow channels and method therefor  

SciTech Connect

A low-dispersion methodology for designing microfabricated conduction channels for on-chip electrokinetic-based systems is presented. The technique relies on trigonometric relations that apply for ideal electrokinetic flows, allowing faceted channels to be designed on chips using common drafting software and a hand calculator. Flows are rotated and stretched along the abrupt interface between adjacent regions with differing permeability. Regions bounded by interfaces form flow "prisms" that can be combined with other designed prisms to obtain a wide range of turning angles and expansion ratios while minimizing dispersion. Designs are demonstrated using two-dimensional numerical solutions of the Laplace equation.

Cummings, Eric B. (Livermore, CA); Fiechtner, Gregory J. (Livermore, CA)

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the Pantex Plant Perspective What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the Pantex...

228

Integrated substation looks like one RTU to dispatchers  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, supervisory control and data acquisition systems (Scada) use a master/slave arrangement. The master Scada computer polls individual circuit devices for information, or the devices may report (by exception) to the computer. The substation engineering department of Portland General Electric Co (PCE) is now pioneering a new arrangement in which all devices in a substation communicate with each other and a local computer over a data bus. A single communications line connects the Scada master to the same bus for control and/or monitoring. The new approach is known as a substation integration system (SIS). Thus, for a lower initial cost, substation integration: eliminates the need for redundant equipment - such as panel meters, annunciators, transducers, sequence-of-event recorders, auxiliary tripping relays. Scada RTU, control, and transfer switches; reduces control house size by 25% by reducing wiring and using panel space more efficiently; provides a standardized user interface for easy data access, both locally and remotely; is flexible and expandable because of its modularity and use of non-proprietary hardware and software; improves operability, maintainability and reliability through immediate access to key data; and, reduces overall life-cycle costs by reducing travel and outage time through remote access to substation information. 5 figs.

Koch, W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Some Like It Hot: How to Heat a 'Nano Bathtub' the JILA Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some Like It Hot: How to Heat a 'Nano Bathtub' the JILA Way. For Immediate Release: July 21, 2010. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

NIST, CU to Build Instrument to Help Search for Earth-like ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST, CU to Build Instrument to Help Search for Earth-like Planets. For Immediate Release: November 3, 2009. ...

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating System Capability Rating System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating System Dynamic capability rating adjusts the thermal rating of power equipment based on factors such as air temperature, wind speed, and solar radiation to reflect actual operating conditions. These systems are primarily used on high capacity or critical power system elements such as transmission lines and large power transformers.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Dynamic capability rating, thermal rating, power, solar radiation, rating, transmission line, transformer References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/dynamic_capability_rating_system [[Category LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. : Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]]

232

Definition: Transmission Line Monitoring System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monitoring System Monitoring System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Line Monitoring System Hardware, software, including sensors for voltage, current, temperature, mechanical load, wind speed, or other electrical or environmental parameters, including synchrophasors. These systems are designed to provide precise information that determine the operating conditions and ratings of transmission lines. Such a system can monitor line conditions and alert grid operators of trouble.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/transmission_line_monitoring_system [[Ca LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. tegory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid,

233

Performance evaluation of cleanroom environmental systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilize three common designs: a) Fan-tower with pressurized-design at early stage of the project, and by adopting fans andheat from fan operation. Like optimizing system design and

Xu, Tengfang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Metering Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Systems Metering Systems October 7, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis A variety of metering systems are currently on the market for Federal facility implementation. The information below outlines common metering system capabilities and common metering system components. Metering System Capabilities The capabilities and functionality of metering systems vary depending on the individual metering system. The following are some of the more common features used by Federal facilities. Data Recording: Advanced meters can record total energy resource consumption in addition to enhanced functions like time-of-use, peak demand, load survey, and power outage. Electrical meters may also be able to record data points such as voltage, current, and power factor. Total Consumption: The most basic data function, total consumption records

235

Integrating automobile multiple intelligent warning systems : performance and policy implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intelligent driver warning systems can be found in many high-end vehicles on the road today, which will likely rapidly increase as they become standard equipment. However, introducing multiple warning systems into vehicles ...

Ho, Angela Wei Ling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Stragegies to Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Based on Monitoring and Analysis of CO2 in the Near-Surface Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dioxide flux at the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada;volcanic system, USA Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, USAProvince system like the Dixie Valley (Nevada) geothermal

Lewicki, Jennifer L.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

HIGH FREQUENCY POWER TRANSMISSION LINE FOR CYCLOTRONS AND THE LIKE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High-frequency power transmission systems, particularly a stacked capacitance alternating power current transmission line wherein maximum utilization of the effective conductios skin of the line conductors is achieved while enabling a low impedance to be obtained are reported. The transmission line consists of a number of flat metal strips with interleaved dielectric strips. The metal dielectric strips are coiled spirally with the axis of the spiral extending along the length of the strips, and the alternating metal strips at the output end have outwardly extending aligned lugs which are directly strapped together and connected to the respective terminals on the load. At the input end of the transmission line, similarly, the alternate metal strips are directly strapped together and connected to an altereating current source. With the arrangement described each metal strip conducts on both sides, so that the metal strips are designed to have a thickness corresponding to twice the depth of the "skin effect" conducting lamina of each conductor at the source frequency.

Armstrong, W.J.

1954-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

238

Cosmological evolution of the cosmological plasma with interpartial scalar interaction. III. Model with the attraction of the like scalar charged particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of the relativistic kinetic theory the mathematical model of cosmological plasmas with an attraction of the like charged scalar particles is formulated. It is shown, that cosmological the model, based on a classical scalar field with an attraction, is unsatisfactory, that leads to necessity of attraction of phantom models of a scalar field for systems with an attraction.

Yu. G. Ignat'ev

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

239

Solar heating system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved solar heating system in which the incident radiation of the sun is absorbed on collector panels, transferred to a storage unit and then distributed as heat for a building and the like. The improvement is obtained by utilizing a storage unit comprising separate compartments containing an array of materials having different melting points ranging from 75.degree. to 180.degree. F. The materials in the storage system are melted in accordance with the amount of heat absorbed from the sun and then transferred to the storage system. An efficient low volume storage system is provided by utilizing the latent heat of fusion of the materials as they change states in storing and releasing heat for distribution.

Schreyer, James M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dorsey, George F. (Concord, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Improved solar heating systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved solar heating system is described in which the incident radiation of the sun is absorbed on collector panels, transferred to a storage unit and then distributed as heat for a building and the like. The improvement is obtained by utilizing a storage unit comprising separate compartments containing an array of materials having different melting points ranging from 75 to 180/sup 0/F. The materials in the storage system are melted in accordance with the amount of heat absorbed from the sun and then transferred to the storage system. An efficient low volume storage system is provided by utilizing the latent heat of fusion of the materials as they change states in storing ad releasing heat for distribution.

Schreyer, J.M.; Dorsey, G.F.

1980-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Molecular genetic analysis reveals that a nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like (NRPS-like) gene in Aspergillus nidulans is responsible for microperfuranone biosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

Genome sequencing of Aspergillus species including A. nidulans has revealed that there are far more secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters than secondary metabolites isolated from these organisms. This implies that these organisms can produce additional secondary metabolites have not yet been elucidated. The A. nidulans genome contains twelve nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), one hybrid polyketide synthase/nonribosomal peptide synthetase (PKS/NRPS), and fourteen NRPS-like genes. The only NRPS-like gene in A. nidulans with a known product is tdiA which is involved in terrequinone A biosynthesis. To attempt to identify the products of these NRPS-like genes, we replaced the native promoters of the NRPS-like genes with the inducible alcohol dehydrogenase (alcA) promoter. Our results demonstrated that induction of the single NRPS-like gene AN3396.4 led to the enhanced production of microperfuranone. Furthermore, heterologous expression of AN3396.4 in A. niger confirmed that only one NRPS-like gene, AN3396.4, is necessary for the production of microperfuranone.

Yeh, Hsu-Hua; Chiang, Yi Ming; Entwistle, Ruth; Ahuja, Mammeet; Lee, Kuan-Han; Bruno, Kenneth S.; Wu, Tung-Kung; Oakley, Berl R.; Wang, Clay C.

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Safety System Obsolescence and Maintainability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear power industry is currently facing increasing obsolescence issues with original instrumentation and control (I&C) equipment, particularly in safety system applications. These systems, often more than thirty years old, are based on analog technology, relays, and other discrete components, which are becoming difficult to maintain and replace with like equipment. This report helps utilities understand their options and choose the most cost-effective strategies for maintaining and replacing obsol...

2001-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

243

Feedback control of spin systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feedback stabilization problem for ensembles of coupled spin 1/2 systems is discussed from a control theoretic perspective. The noninvasive nature of the bulk measurement allows for a fully unitary and deterministic closed loop. The Lyapunov-based feedback design presented does not require spins that are selectively addressable. With this method, it is possible to obtain control inputs also for difficult tasks, like suppressing undesired couplings in identical spin systems.

Claudio Altafini

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

The GammeV suite of experimental searches for axion-like particles  

SciTech Connect

We report on the design and results of the GammeV search for axion-like particles and for chameleon particles. We also discuss plans for an improved experiment to search for chameleon particles, one which is sensitive to both cosmological and power-law chameleon models. Plans for an improved axion-like particle search using coupled resonant cavities are also presented. This experiment will be more sensitive to axion-like particles than stellar astrophysical models or current helioscope experiments.

Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Upadhye, Amol; /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U., EFI

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

BPS-like bound and thermodynamics of the charged BTZ black hole  

SciTech Connect

The charged Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole is plagued by several pathologies: (a) Divergent boundary terms are present in the action; hence, we have a divergent black-hole mass. (b) Once a finite, renormalized, mass M is defined, black-hole states exist for arbitrarily negative values of M. (c) There is no upper bound on the charge Q. We show that these pathological features are an artifact of the renormalization procedure. They can be completely removed by using an alternative renormalization scheme leading to a different definition M{sub 0} of the black-hole mass, which is the total energy inside the horizon. The new mass satisfies a BPS-like bound M{sub 0}{>=}({pi}/2)Q{sup 2}, and the heat capacity of the hole is positive. We also discuss the black-hole thermodynamics that arises when M{sub 0} is interpreted as the internal energy of the system. We show, using three independent approaches (black-hole thermodynamics, Einstein equations, and Euclidean action formulation), that M{sub 0} satisfies the first law if a term describing the mechanical work done by the electrostatic pressure is introduced.

Cadoni, Mariano; Monni, Cristina [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria, 09042 Monserrato (Italy)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

A SUPER-EARTH ORBITING THE NEARBY SUN-LIKE STAR HD 1461  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present precision radial velocity (RV) data that reveal a Super-Earth mass planet and two probable additional planets orbiting the bright nearby G0V star HD 1461. Our 12.8 years of Keck High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer precision RVs indicate the presence of a 7.4 M{sub +} planet on a 5.77 day orbit. The data also suggest, but cannot yet confirm, the presence of outer planets on low-eccentricity orbits with periods of 446.1 and 5017 days, and projected masses (Msin i) of 27.9 and 87.1 M{sub +}, respectively. Test integrations of systems consistent with the RV data suggest that the configuration is dynamically stable. We present a 12.2 year time series of photometric observations of HD 1461, which comprise 799 individual measurements, and indicate that it has excellent long-term photometric stability. However, there are small amplitude variations with periods comparable to those of the suspected second and third signals in the RVs near 5000 and 446 days, thus casting some suspicion on those periodicities as Keplerian signals. If the 5.77 day companion has a Neptune-like composition, then its expected transit depth is of order dapprox0.5 mmag. The geometric a priori probability of transits is approx8%. Phase folding of the ground-based photometry shows no indication that transits of the 5.77 day companion are occurring, but high-precision follow-up of HD 1461 during upcoming transit phase windows will be required to definitively rule out or confirm transits. This new system joins a growing list of solar-type stars in the immediate galactic neighborhood that are accompanied by at least one Neptune (or lower) mass planets having orbital periods of 50 days or less.

Rivera, Eugenio J.; Vogt, Steven S.; Laughlin, Gregory; Meschiari, Stefano [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Butler, R. Paul [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015-1305 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States)

2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

247

Soliton-like waves of nuclear burning in the neutron multiplicating media : (theory and computational approach).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research project has dealt with a conceptual design of a model of an innovative inherently safe nuclear soliton-like fast reactor of Feoktistov type. The… (more)

Byegunova, Olga

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Corrosion Resistance of Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC) Lined Pipe to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Peter F. Ellis, Brian Chambers, Bill Boardman. On-Site Speaker ( Planned), Peter F. Ellis. Abstract Scope, Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings applied ...

249

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Like the Other: Residential Consumption Variability Phillipthe total annual energy consumption. The behavior patternsin total residential energy consumption per home, even when

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Mono-Like Ingot/Wafers Made of Solar-Grade Silicon for Solar Cells ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Solar Cell Silicon. Presentation Title, Mono-Like Ingot/Wafers Made of ...

251

2.141 Modeling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical modeling of complex engineering systems at a level of detail compatible with the design and implementation of modern control systems. Wave-like and diffusive energy transmission systems. Multiport energy storing ...

Hogan, Neville John

252

SYSTEM PROCS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| A62 | A69 | A83 | A161 | A162 | A163 | A168 Names like NAME are the definition, and terms which follow are the components of that definition. Alternative definitions occur on...

253

NETL: Gasification Systems - Feed Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feed Systems Gasification Systems Feed Systems Research on commercial gasifier feed systems is occurring in two primary areas of fuel (i.e. coal, biomass, etc.) feed and advanced...

254

Terminal automation system maintenance  

SciTech Connect

Nothing has improved petroleum product loading in recent years more than terminal automation systems. The presence of terminal automation systems (TAS) at loading racks has increased operational efficiency and safety and enhanced their accounting and management capabilities. However, like all finite systems, they occasionally malfunction or fail. Proper servicing and maintenance can minimize this. And in the unlikely event a TAS breakdown does occur, prompt and effective troubleshooting can reduce its impact on terminal productivity. To accommodate around-the-clock loading at racks, increasingly unattended by terminal personnel, TAS maintenance, servicing and troubleshooting has become increasingly demanding. It has also become increasingly important. After 15 years of trial and error at petroleum and petrochemical storage and transfer terminals, a number of successful troubleshooting programs have been developed. These include 24-hour {open_quotes}help hotlines,{close_quotes} internal (terminal company) and external (supplier) support staff, and {open_quotes}layered{close_quotes} support. These programs are described.

Coffelt, D.; Hewitt, J. [Engineered Systems Inc., Tempe, AZ (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Advanced turbine systems program  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the goals of the DOE program, improvements in the gas turbine are the primary focus of Allison activity during Phase I. To this end Allison conducted a survey of potentially applicable gas turbine cycles and selected the advanced combined cycle as reference system. Extensive analysis of two versions of the advanced combined cycle was performed against the requirement for a 60% thermal efficiency (LHV) utility-sized, natural gas fired system. This analysis resulted in technology requirements for this system. Additional analysis determined emissions potential for the system, established a coal-fueled derivative system and a commercialization plan. This report deals with the technical requirements for a system that meets the thermal efficiency goal. Allison initially investigated four basic thermodynamic cycles: Humid air turbine, intercalate-recuperated systems, advanced combined cycle, chemically recuperated cycle. Our survey and cycle analysis indicated that au had the potential of reaching 60% thermal efficiency. We also concluded that engine hot section technology would be a critical technology regardless of which cycle was chosen. Based on this result Allison chose to concentrate on the advanced combined cycle. This cycle is well known and understood by the utility turbine user community and is therefore likely to be acceptable to users.

Wilkes, C.; Mukavetz, D.W.; Knickerbocker, T.K.; Ali, S.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Advanced turbine systems program  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the goals of the DOE program, improvements in the gas turbine are the primary focus of Allison activity during Phase I. To this end Allison conducted a survey of potentially applicable gas turbine cycles and selected the advanced combined cycle as reference system. Extensive analysis of two versions of the advanced combined cycle was performed against the requirement for a 60% thermal efficiency (LHV) utility-sized, natural gas fired system. This analysis resulted in technology requirements for this system. Additional analysis determined emissions potential for the system, established a coal-fueled derivative system and a commercialization plan. This report deals with the technical requirements for a system that meets the thermal efficiency goal. Allison initially investigated four basic thermodynamic cycles: Humid air turbine, intercalate-recuperated systems, advanced combined cycle, chemically recuperated cycle. Our survey and cycle analysis indicated that au had the potential of reaching 60% thermal efficiency. We also concluded that engine hot section technology would be a critical technology regardless of which cycle was chosen. Based on this result Allison chose to concentrate on the advanced combined cycle. This cycle is well known and understood by the utility turbine user community and is therefore likely to be acceptable to users.

Wilkes, C.; Mukavetz, D.W.; Knickerbocker, T.K.; Ali, S.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Definition: Customer Energy Management Device and System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Device and System Device and System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Customer Energy Management Device and System A device that can control other energy devices such as thermostats, lighting, direct load control devices, or distributed energy resource within the customer premise. These devices may also receive information or control signals from utillities or third party energy service providers. These devices can help customers manage electricity usage automatically by utilizing information from service providers, or preferences set by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation, distributed energy resource References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/customer_energy_management_device_and_system [[Cat LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

258

Relativistic nuclear recoil corrections to the energy levels of hydrogen-like and high $Z$ lithium like atoms in all orders in $?Z$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relativistic nuclear recoil corrections to the energy levels of low-laying states of hydrogen-like and high $Z$ lithium-like atoms in all orders in $\\alpha Z$ are calculated. The calculations are carried out using the B-spline method for the Dirac equation. For low $Z$ the results of the calculation are in good agreement with the $\\alpha Z$ -expansion results. It is found that the nuclear recoil contribution, additional to the Salpeter's one, to the Lamb shift ($n=2$) of hydrogen is $-1.32(6)\\,kHz$. The total nuclear recoil correction to the energy of the $(1s)^{2}2p_{\\frac{1}{2}}-(1s)^{2}2s$ transition in lithium-like uranium constitutes $-0.07\\,eV$ and is largely made up of QED contributions.

A. N. Artemyev; V. M. Shabaev; V. A. Yerokhin

1995-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

259

International thermonuclear experimental reactor-like extended Solovev equilibria with parallel flow  

SciTech Connect

A Solovev-like equilibrium solution is extended to plasmas with incompressible flow parallel to the magnetic field. ITER-like configurations are constructed for Alfven Mach functions peaked either on or off the magnetic axis. The linear stability of the equilibrium is also examined by applying a sufficient condition.

Throumoulopoulos, G. N. [Section of Theoretical Physics, University of Ioannina, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, GR 451 10 Ioannina (Greece); Tasso, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

o I would like to make a donation to the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

o I would like to make a donation to the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response in the amount.jhsph.edu/refugee/make_a_gift o I would like to receive e-mail updates The Center for Refugee and Disaster Response works with its on Refugee and Disaster Response. Options include online courses as well as field experience in disaster

Scharfstein, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mar 24th 2011 | from the print edition 0 40Like Battery technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 24th 2011 | from the print edition 0 40Like Battery technology Highly charged A powerful experimental battery that can be recharged completely in minutes ENGINEERS have long dreamed of shortening the time it takes to recharge batteries. Currently, that can be hours. For applications like motor vehicles

Braun, Paul

262

AdaBoost face detection on the gpu using Haar-like features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Face detection is a time consuming task in computer vision applications. In this article, an approach for AdaBoost face detection using Haar-like features on the GPU is proposed. The GPU adapted version of the algorithm manages to speed-up the detection ... Keywords: CUDA, GPU, OpenGL, adaboost, face detection, haar-like features

M. Martínez-Zarzuela; F. J. Díaz-Pernas; M. Antón-Rodríguez; F. Perozo-Rondón; D. González-Ortega

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The Solar System Presentation for SRS 5th Grade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar System Presentation for SRS 5th Grade Prof. David Cohen, Swarthmore College #12;What astronomers try to answer: ·What are the things in the solar system like? Planets, moons, comets, asteroids, the Sun... ·Are there good conditions for life anywhere in the solar system? ·How did the solar system

Cohen, David

264

Stabilized PV system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stabilized PV system comprises an array of photovoltaic (PV) assemblies mounted to a support surface. Each PV assembly comprises a PV module and a support assembly securing the PV module to a position overlying the support surface. The array of modules is circumscribed by a continuous, belt-like perimeter assembly. Cross strapping, extending above, below or through the array, or some combination of above, below and through the array, secures a first position along the perimeter assembly to at least a second position along the perimeter assembly thereby stabilizing the array against wind uplift forces. The first and second positions may be on opposite sides on the array.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Piedmont, CA)

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

On Quantum Integrable Systems  

SciTech Connect

Many quantum integrable systems are obtained using an accelerator physics technique known as Ermakov (or normalized variables) transformation. This technique was used to create classical nonlinear integrable lattices for accelerators and nonlinear integrable plasma traps. Now, all classical results are carried over to a nonrelativistic quantum case. In this paper we have described an extension of the Ermakov-like transformation to the Schroedinger and Pauli equations. It is shown that these newly found transformations create a vast variety of time dependent quantum equations that can be solved in analytic functions, or, at least, can be reduced to time-independent ones.

Danilov, Viatcheslav; /Oak Ridge; Nagaitsev, Sergei; /Fermilab

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Boosting the immune system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boosting the immune system Boosting the immune system Name: Unknown Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: As a biology teacher at Hoffman Estates High School I asked my junior and senior students to fashion a question for the Ask A Scientist board. We are presently studying the immune system and my students want to know if there is any artificial or natural way in which to boost their immune systems? Can you help us with this concept? Thanks from 6th hour biology. Replies: Antioxidants like vitamin C & E would offer protection. Vitamin A strengthens mucus membranes to thwart invaders and enhance total resistance (not necessarily immunity). Being generally physically fit is a huge factor, but studies with professional athletes suggest a faster spread of viruses and other agents through their system. Ginseng, mineral springs (hormesis - low ionizing radiation stimulation), and other agents have not been proven beneficial scientifically. In general, if you minimize damage via UV and other radiation to the immune system, minimize the aging process, you will maximize your immune response. Since Louis Pasteur, we should not forget targeting specific immunity via vaccines. Also, bone marrow transplants will help those that are immunodeficient. It is hoped that biotechnology will produce antibodies and other agents to order, that will be the magic bullets against any immunoinvader.

267

The Pacific’s Response to Surface Heating in 130 Yr of SST: La Niña–like or El Niño–like?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a modified method of multiple linear regression on instrumented sea surface temperature (SST) in the two longest historical datasets [the Extended Reconstructed SST dataset (ERSST) and the Met Office Hadley Centre Sea Ice and SST dataset (HadISST)], it is found that the response to increased greenhouse forcing is a warm SST in the mid- to eastern Pacific Ocean in the equatorial region in the annual or seasonal mean. The warming is robustly statistically significant at the 95 % confidence level. Consistent with this, the smaller radiative heating from solar forcing produces a weak warming also in this region, and the spatial pattern of the response is neither La Niña–like nor El Niño–like. It is noted that previous reports of a coldtongue (La Niña–like) response to increased greenhouse or to solar-cycle heating were likely caused by contaminations due to the dominant mode of natural response in the equatorial Pacific. The present result has implications on whether the Walker circulation is weakened or strengthened in a warmer climate and on coupled atmosphere–ocean climate model validation. 1.

Ka-kit Tung; Jiansong Zhou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Supporting Material for: Capillary-like Fluctuations of a Solid-Liquid Interface in a Non-Cohesive Granular System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this supplementary paper we present some details on the solid-liquid interface detection, the deduction of the non-equilibrium free energy, the analysis of the granular temperature and energy per mode, a validation of the small slope approximation, a description of the Langevin dynamics, and the error analysis.

Li-Hua Luu; Gustavo Castillo; Nicolás Mujica; Rodrigo Soto

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

269

On generation of Alfvnic-like fluctuations by drift wavezonal flow system in large plasma device experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Tbilisi 0160, Georgia and M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics, Tbilisi 0193, Georgia 3 Department of Physics

California at Los Angles, University of

270

A Predictable AMO-Like Pattern in the GFDL Fully Coupled Ensemble Initialization and Decadal Forecasting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decadal predictability of sea surface temperature (SST) and 2-m air temperature (T2m) in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) decadal hindcasts, which are part of the Fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project experiments, has ...

Xiaosong Yang; Anthony Rosati; Shaoqing Zhang; Thomas L. Delworth; Rich G. Gudgel; Rong Zhang; Gabriel Vecchi; Whit Anderson; You-Soon Chang; Timothy DelSole; Keith Dixon; Rym Msadek; William F. Stern; Andrew Wittenberg; Fanrong Zeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

APDS: Autonomous Pathogen Detection System  

SciTech Connect

An early warning system to counter bioterrorism, the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) continuously monitors the environment for the presence of biological pathogens (e.g., anthrax) and once detected, it sounds an alarm much like a smoke detector warns of a fire. Long before September 11, 2001, this system was being developed to protect domestic venues and events including performing arts centers, mass transit systems, major sporting and entertainment events, and other high profile situations in which the public is at risk of becoming a target of bioterrorist attacks. Customizing off-the-shelf components and developing new components, a multidisciplinary team developed APDS, a stand-alone system for rapid, continuous monitoring of multiple airborne biological threat agents in the environment. The completely automated APDS samples the air, prepares fluid samples in-line, and performs two orthogonal tests: immunoassay and nucleic acid detection. When compared to competing technologies, APDS is unprecedented in terms of flexibility and system performance.

Langlois, R G; Brown, S; Burris, L; Colston, B; Jones, L; Makarewicz, T; Mariella, R; Masquelier, D; McBride, M; Milanovich, F; Masarabadi, S; Venkateswaran, K; Marshall, G; Olson, D; Wolcott, D

2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

272

Effects of Non-Commutativity on Light-Hydrogen-Like Atoms and Proton Radius  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the corrections induced by the theory of non-commutativity, in both space-space and space-time versions, on the spectrum of hydrogen-like atoms. For this, we use the relativistic theory of two-particle systems to take into account the effects of the reduced mass, and we use perturbation methods to study the effects of non-commutativity.We apply our study to the muon hydrogen with the aim to solve the puzzle of proton radius [R. Pohl et al., Nature 466, 213 (2010) and A. Antognini et al., Science 339, 417 (2013)]. The shifts in the spectrum are found more noticeable in muon H (muH) than in electron H (eH) because the corrections depend on the mass to the third power; This explains the discrepancy between muH and eH results. In space-space non-commutativity, the parameter required to resolve the puzzle Theta(ss) (0.35GeV)-2, exceeds the limit obtained for this parameter from various studies on eH Lamb shift. For space-time non-commutativity, the value Theta(st) (14.3GeV)-2 has been obtained and it is in agreement with the limit determined by Lamb shift spectroscopy in eH. We have also found that this value fills the gap between theory and experiment in the case of muD and improves the agreement between theoretical and experimental values in the case of hydrogen-deuterium isotope shift.

M. Moumni; A. BenSlama

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Characterization and Modeling of Electrochemical Energy Conversion Systems by Impedance Techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis introduces (i) amendments to basic electrochemical measurement techniques in the time and frequency domain suitable for electrochemical energy conversion systems like fuel cells… (more)

Klotz, Dino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Multi-objective design and optimization of district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the present context of finding ways to decrease CO2 emissions linked with human activity, district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies are likely… (more)

Weber, Céline Isabelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Markets. Rowlands, I. 2005. “Solar PV Electricity and Market2003. “Maximizing PV Peak Shaving with Solar Load Control:sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Gas-like state of $?$ clusters around $^{16}$O core in $^{24}$Mg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied gas-like states of $\\alpha$ clusters around an $^{16}$O core in $^{24}$Mg based on a microscopic $\\alpha$-cluster model. This study was performed by introducing a Monte Carlo technique for the description of the THSR (Tohsaki Horiuchi Schuck R\\"{o}pke) wave function, and the coupling effect to other low-lying cluster states was taken into account. A large isoscalar monopole ($E0$) transition strength from the ground to the gas-like state is discussed. The gas-like state of two $\\alpha$ clusters in $^{24}$Mg around the $^{16}$O core appears slightly below the 2$\\alpha$-threshold e

T. Ichikawa; N. Itagaki; T. Kawabata; Tz. Kokalova; W. von Oertzen

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

Dear Sir/Madam: I would like to make a case for an important ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ph.D. R&D Staff, Microelectronic Systems Research Group Measurement Science & Systems Engineering Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

278

"I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical Meter,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical "I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical Meter, Please." "I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical Meter, Please." December 8, 2009 - 10:01am Addthis John Lippert Yesterday I wrote about my experience using a digital electrical meter at home. Today I'll discuss what I'm doing with promoting their use in my home town. According to one popular environmental Web site, there are a number of libraries providing free loan of these or similar devices, including: The Ottawa Public Library in Ottawa, Canada; the Brown County Library in Green Bay, Wisconsin; the Westport, Connecticut Public Library; hundreds of public libraries in Maine; and libraries in Gothenburg, Sweden. That sounded like a great idea, so I visited my local library to explore

279

No (Brain)power Outage at a Competition Like No Other  

Office of Science (SC) Website

No (Brain)power Outage at a Competition Like No Other News In the News In Focus 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony Recovery Act Contact...

280

What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the Pantex Plant Perspective What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the Pantex Plant Perspective September 20, 2013 Presenter: Dr. Suzanne Helfinstine, Staff Engineer High Reliability Operations B&W Pantex Pantex Plant Topic covered: Pantex on a journey to become a High Reliability Organization (HRO) Understanding our culture provides feedback on our progress in the HRO journey - Initial survey provides a baseline Pilot site for safety culture self assessment to support EFCOG (Safety Culture Task Group, 2009) and DOE initiative (Ref. Implementation Plan for DNFSB Recommendation 2011-1, Section 5.2.2) What Does Self-Assessment of Safety Culture Look Like? Discussion from the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Glass-like thermal transport in AgSbTe2 | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glass-like thermal transport in AgSbTe2: nano-scale insights to improve thermoelectric efficiency May 16, 2013 Inelastic neutron scattering data showing the phonon dispersions...

282

The Response of the Tropospheric Circulation to Water Vapor–Like Forcings in the Stratosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized, dry general circulation model is used to examine the response of the tropospheric circulation to thermal forcings that mimic changes in stratospheric water vapor (SWV). It is found that SWV-like cooling in the stratosphere produces a ...

Neil F. Tandon; Lorenzo M. Polvani; Sean M. Davis

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Effects of a Jet-Like Current on Gravity Waves in Shallow Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of a strong current with horizontal shear on shallow water waves is studied. For jet-like currents, the existence of trapped waves and the reciprocity of scattering coefficients are pointed out. Detailed consequences of current ...

Chiang C. Mei; Edmond Lo

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Liking to Be in America: Puerto Rico's Quest for Difference within the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liking to Be in America: Puerto Rico’s Quest for DifferenceGarcía Márquez visited Puerto Rico recently, someone askedI told the truth about Puerto Rico,” he explained, “everyone

Oquendo, Angel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Quartz resonator processing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a single chamber ultra-high vacuum processing system for the oduction of hermetically sealed quartz resonators wherein electrode metallization and sealing are carried out along with cleaning and bake-out without any air exposure between the processing steps. The system includes a common vacuum chamber in which is located a rotatable wheel-like member which is adapted to move a plurality of individual component sets of a flat pack resonator unit past discretely located processing stations in said chamber whereupon electrode deposition takes place followed by the placement of ceramic covers over a frame containing a resonator element and then to a sealing stage where a pair of hydraulic rams including heating elements effect a metallized bonding of the covers to the frame.

Peters, Roswell D. M. (Rustburg, VA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

(j,0) {circle_plus} (0,j) representation space: Majorana-like construct  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is second of the two invited lectures presented at the ``XVII International School of Theoretical Physics: Standard Model and Beyond` 93.`` The text is essentially based on a recent publication by the present authors. Here, after briefly reviewing the (j, 0) {circle_plus} (0, j) Dirac-like construct in the front form, we present a detailed construction of the (j, 0) {circle_plus} (0, j) Majorana-like fields.

Ahluwalia, D.V.; Goldman, T.; Johnson, M.B.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

NETL: Gasification Systems - Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) Project No.: DE-FC21-90MC25140 Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) Project ID: DE-FC21-90MC25140 NETL Contact: Morgan Mosser (304) 285-4723 Organization: Southern Company Services, Inc. - Birmingham, AL Project Timeline: Start: 09/14/1990 End: 01/31/2009 Power Systems Development Facility The objectives of the work at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) are two-fold; development of the Transport Gasifier for a wide range of US coals from high sodium lignite to Midwestern bituminous and provide a test platform to test various critical components that are likely to appear in future advanced coal-based power facilities producing power and fuels such as hydrogen with zero emissions. With regard to the development of the

288

A Temporal Neuro-Fuzzy Monitoring System to Manufacturing Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fault diagnosis and failure prognosis are essential techniques in improving the safety of many manufacturing systems. Therefore, on-line fault detection and isolation is one of the most important tasks in safety-critical and intelligent control systems. Computational intelligence techniques are being investigated as extension of the traditional fault diagnosis methods. This paper discusses the Temporal Neuro-Fuzzy Systems (TNFS) fault diagnosis within an application study of a manufacturing system. The key issues of finding a suitable structure for detecting and isolating ten realistic actuator faults are described. Within this framework, data-processing interactive software of simulation baptized NEFDIAG (NEuro Fuzzy DIAGnosis) version 1.0 is developed. This software devoted primarily to creation, training and test of a classification Neuro-Fuzzy system of industrial process failures. NEFDIAG can be represented like a special type of fuzzy perceptron, with three layers used to classify patterns and failures....

Mahdaoui, Rafik; Mouss, Mohamed Djamel; Chouhal, Ouahiba

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Simulation of the electron diffraction patterns from needle/rod-like precipitates in Al-Mg-Si alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The origin of the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns from needle/rod-like metastable precipitates embedded in {alpha}-Al matrix in Al-Mg-Si alloys have been studied via an example of {beta}'' phase. In addition, the SAED pattern from {beta}'' phase has been simulated with significant improvement in comparison with the previous simulations. Three important factors, i.e. the 12 crystallographically equivalent variants of {beta}'' phase in the {alpha}-Al matrix due to the highly symmetric f.c.c. structure of {alpha}-Al, the coherence between {beta}'' phase and the {alpha}-Al matrix, and the double diffractions from the {alpha}-Al matrix and {beta}'' phase, are proved to contribute to the special square-shaped features in the SAED patterns from {beta}'' phase and thus fully taken into account in the simulation. An improved but simplified method for simulating the SAED patterns from needle/rod-like metastable precipitates has been developed. This method is further verified by simulating the SAED pattern from Q phase. The simulated SAED patterns from both {beta}'' and Q phases fit the experimentally determined patterns very well. - Highlights: {yields}An improved method has been developed to simulate the SADPs of Al alloys. {yields}The formation mechanism of SADPs of Al alloys has been systemically studied. {yields}Double diffraction contributes to the formation of the SADPs of Al alloys.

Li Kai [State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Song Min, E-mail: Min.Song.Th05@Alum.Dartmouth.ORG [State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Du Yong [State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Zhang Hong [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Photovoltaic system in system LABI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is prepared a new model marked as DE10 to extens the system LABI. It is a photovoltaic system. Utilizing of model is into the field of university studying and as a pilot test system for all extern experts. A special parts of model are measurement ... Keywords: automation, measurement, photovoltaic system, sun energy

Hruska Frantisek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

PERFORMANCEMETRICS INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... considered as mass products, which are designed like dish washers or play ... some specific application was a task like the design of a dish washer. ...

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

292

Cellular response to low dose radiation: Role of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase like kinases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is increasingly realized that human exposure either to an acute low dose or multiple chronic low doses of low LET radiation has the potential to cause different types of cancer. Therefore, the central theme of research for DOE and NASA is focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms and pathways responsible for the cellular response to low dose radiation which would not only improve the accuracy of estimating health risks but also help in the development of predictive assays for low dose radiation risks associated with tissue degeneration and cancer. The working hypothesis for this proposal is that the cellular mechanisms in terms of DNA damage signaling, repair and cell cycle checkpoint regulation are different for low and high doses of low LET radiation and that the mode of action of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase like kinases (PIKK: ATM, ATR and DNA-PK) determines the dose dependent cellular responses. The hypothesis will be tested at two levels: (I) Evaluation of the role of ATM, ATR and DNA-PK in cellular response to low and high doses of low LET radiation in simple in vitro human cell systems and (II) Determination of radiation responses in complex cell microenvironments such as human EpiDerm tissue constructs. Cellular responses to low and high doses of low LET radiation will be assessed from the view points of DNA damage signaling, DNA double strand break repair and cell cycle checkpoint regulation by analyzing the activities (i.e. post-translational modifications and kinetics of protein-protein interactions) of the key target proteins for PI-3 kinase like kinases both at the intra-cellular and molecular levels. The proteins chosen for this proposal are placed under three categories: (I) sensors/initiators include ATM ser1981, ATR, 53BP1, gamma-H2AX, MDC1, MRE11, Rad50 and Nbs1; (II) signal transducers include Chk1, Chk2, FANCD2 and SMC1; and (III) effectors include p53, CDC25A and CDC25C. The primary goal of this proposal is to elucidate the differences in cellular defense mechanisms between low and high doses of low LET radiation and to define the radiation doses where the cellular DNA damage signaling and repair mechanisms tend to shift. This information is critically important to address and advance some of the low dose research program objectives of DOE. The results of this proposed study will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms for the cellular responses to low and high doses of low LET radiation. Further, systematic analysis of the role of PIKK signaling pathways as a function of radiation dose in tissue microenvironment will provide useful mechanistic information for improving the accuracy of radiation risk assessment for low doses. Knowledge of radiation responses in tissue microenvironment is important for the accurate prediction of ionizing radiation risks associated with cancer and tissue degeneration in humans.

Balajee, A.S.; Meador, J.A.; Su, Y.

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

293

Development of a Neutron Diffraction Based Experiemental Capability for Investigating Hydraulic Fracturing for EGS-like Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing to enhance formation permeability is an established practice in the Oil & Gas (O&G) industry and is expected to be an enabler for EGS. However, it is rarely employed in conventional geothermal systems and there are significant questions regarding the translation of practice from O&G to both conventional geothermal and EGS applications. Lithological differences(sedimentary versus crystalline rocks, significantly greater formation temperatures and different desired fracture characteristics are among a number of factors that are likely to result in a gap of understanding of how to manage hydraulic fracturing practice for geothermal. Whereas the O&G community has had both the capital and the opportunity to develop its understanding of hydraulic fracturing operations empirically in the field as well through extensive R&D efforts, field testing opportunities for EGS are likely to be minimal due to the high expense of hydraulic fracturing field trials. A significant portion of the knowledge needed to guide the management of geothermal/EGS hydraulic fracturing operations will therefore likely have to come from experimental efforts and simulation. This paper describes ongoing efforts at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to develop an experimental capability to map the internal stresses/strains in core samples subjected to triaxial stress states and temperatures representative of EGS-like conditions using neutron diffraction based strain mapping techniques. This capability is being developed at ORNL\\'s Spallation Neutron Source, the world\\'s most powerful pulsed neutron source and is still in a proof of concept phase. A specialized pressure cell has been developed that permits independent radial and axial fluid pressurization of core samples, with axial flow through capability and a temperature rating up to 300 degrees C. This cell will ultimately be used to hydraulically pressurize EGS-representative core samples to conditions of imminent fracture and map the associated internal strain states of the sample. This will hopefully enable a more precise mapping of the rock material failure envelope, facilitate a more refined understanding of the mechanism of hydraulically induced rock fracture, particularly in crystalline rocks, and serve as a platform for validating and improving fracture simulation codes. The elements of the research program and preliminary strain mapping results of a Sierra White granite sample subjected only to compressive loading will be discussed in this paper.

Polsky, Yarom [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; An, Ke [ORNL; Carmichael, Justin R [ORNL; Bingham, Philip R [ORNL; Dessieux Jr, Luc Lucius [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Control circuit for combustion systems  

SciTech Connect

A control circuit is described for gas fired burners and the like such as are employed in commercial laundry fabric ironers requiring the energization of a blower motor and the resulting opening of a gas valve and ignition of a gas burner only after an air pressure sensitive switch is actuated through the operation of the blower motor for purging the system of combustible gases.

Kamberg, E.

1981-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

File Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

File Systems File Systems File Systems For a general description of the different file systems available on PDSF please see Eliza File Systems and Other File Systems. Below is a summary of how STAR uses the various systems: /common The STAR software is installed on /common. For 32sl44 it is under /common/star/star44 and for sl53 it is under /common/star/star53. In both cases the software consists primarily of a STAR-specific ROOT installation on which releases of the STAR libraries are built as shown on the Local STAR Libraries page. /eliza3, /eliza6, /eliza9, /eliza14, /eliza15, /eliza17 STAR has space on 6 elizas as shown in the table below. File System star space (TB) use eliza3 39 production eliza6 9 production eliza9 39 production eliza14 34 production, user space under /eliza14/star/pwg

296

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. How does it work? A small "hybrid" electric system that combines wind and solar technologies can offer several advantages over either single system. According to many renewable energy experts, a small "hybrid" electric system that combines home wind electric and home solar electric (photovoltaic or PV) technologies offers several advantages over either

297

Optimal control for maximum power in thermal and chemical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research treats power optimization for energy converters, such like thermal, solar and chemical engines. Thermodynamic analyses lead to converter's efficiency and limiting power. Steady and dynamic systems are investigated. Static optimization of ...

Stanislaw Sieniutycz

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Large-scale Relativistic Configuration-interaction Approach: Application to the 4s2 - 4s4p Transition Energies and E1 Rates for Zn-like Ions  

SciTech Connect

Relativistic configuration-interaction calculations of the 4s4p excitation energies and 4s{sup 2} - 4s4p E1 transitions for Zn-like ions from Z = 30 to 92 are shown. B-spline basis functions are used for these large-scale calculations. QED corrections to the excitation energies are also calculated. Results are in good agreement with other theories and with experiment, and demonstrate the utility of this method for high-precision atomic structure calculations not just for few-electron systems but also for large atomic systems such as Zn-like ions along the entire isoelectronic sequence.

Chen, M H; Cheng, K T

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Early Experience on the Blue Gene/Q Supercomputing System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) is home to Mira, a10 PF Blue Gene/Q (BG/Q) system. The BG/Q system is the third generation in Blue Gene architecture from IBM and like its predecessors combines system-on-chip technology with a proprietary ... Keywords: supercomputing, performance, multi-core, scalability, applications

Vitali Morozov, Kalyan Kumaran, Venkatram Vishwanath, Jiayuan Meng, Michael E. Papka

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The simplicity of fractal-like flow networks for effective heat and mass transport  

SciTech Connect

A variety of applications using disk-shaped fractal-like flow networks and the status of one and two-dimensional predictive models for these applications are summarized. Applications discussed include single-phase and two-phase heat sinks and heat exchangers, two-phase flow separators, desorbers, and passive micromixers. Advantages of using these fractal-like flow networks versus parallel-flow networks include lower pressure drop, lower maximum wall temperature, inlet plenum symmetry, alternate flow paths, and pressure recovery at the bifurcation. The compact nature of microscale fractal-like branching heat exchangers makes them ideal for modularity. Differences between fractal-like and constructal approaches applied to disk-shaped heat sink designs are highlighted, and the importance of including geometric constraints, including fabrication constraints, in flow network design optimization is discussed. Finally, a simple pencil and paper procedure for designing single-phase heat sinks with fractal-like flow networks based solely on geometric constraints is outlined. Benefit-to-cost ratios resulting from geometric-based designs are compared with those from flow networks determined using multivariable optimization. Results from the two network designs are within 11%. (author)

Pence, Deborah [Oregon State University, Mechanical Engineering, 204 Rogers Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-6001 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

System Effectiveness  

SciTech Connect

An effective risk assessment system is needed to address the threat posed by an active or passive insider who, acting alone or in collusion, could attempt diversion or theft of nuclear material. It is critical that a nuclear facility conduct a thorough self-assessment of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system to evaluate system effectiveness. Self-assessment involves vulnerability analysis and performance testing of the MPC&A system. The process should lead to confirmation that mitigating features of the system effectively minimize the threat, or it could lead to the conclusion that system improvements or upgrades are necessary to achieve acceptable protection against the threat. Analysis of the MPC&A system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. Self-assessment helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's MPC&A system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MPC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MPC&A functions based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. A facility's MC&A system can be evaluated at a point in time and reevaluated after upgrades are implemented or after other system changes occur. The total system or specific subareas within the system can be evaluated. Areas of potential performance improvement or system upgrade can be assessed to determine where the most beneficial and cost-effective improvements should be made. Analyses of risk importance factors show that sustainability is essential for optimal performance. The analyses reveal where performance degradation has the greatest detrimental impact on total system risk and where performance improvements have the greatest reduction in system risk. The risk importance factors show the amount of risk reduction achievable with potential upgrades and the amount of risk reduction actually achieved after upgrades are completed. Applying the risk assessment tool gives support to budget prioritization by showing where budget support levels must be sustained for MC&A functions most important to risk. Results of the risk assessment are also useful in supporting funding justifications for system improvements that significantly reduce system risk.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Gasification Systems Projects & Performers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Systems Gasification Systems Projects & Performers Gasification Systems - Key Technologies Feed Systems Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems Syngas...

303

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Systems: Advanced Systems: high Performance fenestration systems Research areas: Research activities to improve the performance of windows and other fenestration products must address window systems issues as well as Glazing Materials research. LBNL activities in the area of Advanced Systems include research at both the product level and the building envelope and building systems levels. Highly insulating windows - using non structural center layers Lower cost solutions to more insulating three layer glazing systems, with the potential to turn windows in U.S. heating dominated residential applications into net-energy gainers. Highly Insulating Window Frames In collaboration with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, we are researching the potentials for highly insulating window frames. Our initial work examines European frames with reported U-factors under 0.15 Btu/hr-ft2-F. Future research aims to analyze these designs, verify these performance levels and ensure that procedures used to calculate frame performance are accurate.

304

Retroactivity Attenuation in Bio-Molecular Systems Based on Timescale Separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As with several engineering systems, bio-molecular systems display impedance-like effects at interconnections, called retroactivity. In this paper, we propose a mechanism that exploits the natural timescale separation ...

Jayanthi, Shridhar

305

DNA-inspired scheme for building the energy profile of HPC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy usage is becoming a challenge for the design of next generation large scale distributed systems. This paper explores an innovative approach of profiling such systems. It proposes a DNA-like solution without making any assumptions on the running ...

Ghislain Landry Tsafack Chetsa; Laurent Lefevre; Jean-Marc Pierson; Patricia Stolf; Georges Da Costa

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Usability of Complex Information Systems: Evaluation of User Interaction, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Why do enterprise systems have complicated search pages, when Google has a single search box that works better? Why struggle with an expense reimbursement system that is not as easy as home accounting software? Although this seems like comparing apples ...

Michael Albers; Brian Still

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Structure of a fibronectin type III-like module from Clostridium thermocellum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

878 878 doi:10.1107/S1744309110022529 Acta Cryst. (2010). F66, 878-880 Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications ISSN 1744-3091 Structure of a fibronectin type III-like module from Clostridium thermocellum Markus Alahuhta, Qi Xu, Roman Brunecky, William S. Adney, Shi-You Ding, Michael E. Himmel and Vladimir V. Lunin* BioSciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3305, USA Correspondence e-mail: vladimir.lunin@nrel.gov Received 29 April 2010 Accepted 11 June 2010 PDB Reference: fibronectin type III-like module, 3mpc. The 1.6 A Ëš resolution structure of a fibronectin type III-like module from Clostridium thermocellum (PDB code 3mpc) with two molecules in the asymmetric unit is reported. The crystals used for data collection belonged to space group P2 1 2 1 2 1 , with

308

What Does the Energy Economy Look Like in Your State? | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Does the Energy Economy Look Like in Your State? Does the Energy Economy Look Like in Your State? What Does the Energy Economy Look Like in Your State? January 29, 2013 - 11:21am Addthis The Energy Information Administration's video tour of its new state data portal. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? The state data portal presents EIA energy data with new maps, comparison tools, and a data browser that makes it easy to see how your state compares. Back in October, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) launched the beta version of its state energy portal. Last week, I had the opportunity to take a guided tour of the latest additions to the site, and EIA has built a fantastic resource for anyone interested in the U.S. energy

309

Structure of Human Toll-like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Ligand-binding Domain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Toll-like Receptor Human Toll-like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Ligand-binding Domain Jungwoo Choe1, Matthew S. Kelker1, and Ian A. Wilson1 1Department of Molecular Biology and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037 Figure 1. Overall structure of human TLR3 ECD. The N-terminal region is colored blue, the 23 canonical LRRs are in yellow and the C-terminal region is in pink. N-linked sugars that are observed in the electron density maps are shown in ball-and-stick. (From Choe et al. 2005). Innate immunity is the front line host defense that acts within minutes of infection to counter invasion by microorganisms. Members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family recognize conserved pathogen-associated molecular

310

Formation of jet-like spikes from the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanism of jet-like spike formation from the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability (ARTI) in the presence of preheating is reported. It is found that the preheating plays an essential role in the formation of the jet-like spikes. In the early stage, the preheating significantly increases the plasma density gradient, which can reduce the linear growth of ARTI and suppress its harmonics. In the middle stage, the preheating can markedly increase the vorticity convection and effectively reduce the vorticity intensity resulting in a broadened velocity shear layer near the spikes. Then the growth of ablative Kelvin-Helmholtz instability is dramatically suppressed and the ARTI remains dominant. In the late stage, nonlinear bubble acceleration further elongates the bubble-spike amplitude and eventually leads to the formation of jet-like spikes.

Wang, L. F.; Ye, W. H.; He, X. T. [HEDPS and CAPT, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Zhang, W. Y. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Sheng, Z. M. [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (MoE) and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Yu, M. Y. [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute for Theoretical Physics I, Ruhr University, Bochum D-44780 (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Plant immune systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant immune systems Plant immune systems Name: stephanie Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Do plants have an immune system? How does it work? Are plants able to "fight off" infections such as Dutch Elm disease? Replies: In the broadest sense, an immune system is any method an organism has protect itself from succeeding to another organism's efforts to undermine its health and integrity. In this sense, yes, plants have immune systems. Plants do NOT have "active" immune systems, like humans, including macrophages, lymls, antibodies, complements, interferon, etc., which help us ward off infection. Rather, plants have "passive" mechanisms of protection. For instance, the waxy secretion of some plants (cuticle) functions to help hold in moisture and keep out microorganisms. Plants can also secrete irritating juices that prevent insects and animals from eating it. The thick bark of woody plants is another example of a defensive adaptation, that protects the more delicate tissues inside. The chemical secretions of some plants are downright poisonous to many organisms, which greatly enhance the chances of survival for the plant. Fruits of plants contain large amounts of vitamin C and bioflavonoids, compounds which have been shown in the lab to be anti-bacterial and antiviral. So in these ways, plants can improve their chances of survival. Hundreds of viruses and bacteria attack plants each year, and the cost to agriculture is enormous. I would venture to guess that once an organism establishes an infection in a plant, the plant will not be able to "fight" it. However, exposure to the sun's UV light may help control an infection, possibly even defeat it, but the plant does not have any inherent "active" way to fight the infection

312

Extended Electrodynamics: III. Free Photons and (3+1)-Soliton- like Vacuum Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to give explicitly all non-linear vacuum solutions to our non-linear field equations, and to define in a coordinate free manner the important subclass of non-linear solutions, which we call almost photon-like. By means of a correct introduction of the local and integral intrinsic angular momentums of these solutions, we saparate the photon-like solutions through the requirement their integral intrinsic angular momentums to be equal to the Planck's constant. Finally, we consider such solutions, moving radially to or from a given center, using standard spherical coordinates.

S. Donev; M. Tashkova

1997-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

313

Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influences That Will Likely Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Clean Cities Coordinators' Webinar Sept. 16, 2010 Vehicle fuel use regulation/policy measures differ. Which should measure plug-in success?  Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) ratings do not represent real world fuel use. However, the range ratings of EVs and PHEVs are based on CAFE tests.  "Window sticker" information on vehicle fuel use predicts more gasoline and electricity use than CAFE ratings. - The GREET model (basis of GHG saving estimates) is based on real world fuel use

314

Interference of outgoing electromagnetic waves generated by two point-like sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An energy-momentum carried by electromagnetic field produced by two point-like charged particles is calculated. Integration region considered in the evaluation of the bound and emitted quantities produced by all points of world lines up to the end points at which particles' trajectories puncture an observation hyperplane $y^0=t$. Radiative part of the energy-momentum contains, apart from usual integrals of Larmor terms, also the sum of work done by Lorentz forces of point-like charges acting on one another. Therefore, the combination of wave motions (retarded Li\\'enard-Wiechert solutions) leads to the interaction between the sources.

Yurij Yaremko

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

High efficiency coaxial klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator with a premodulation cavity  

SciTech Connect

The klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) combines the transition radiation with Cerenkov radiation and has demonstrated microwave output of high power and high efficiency. The coaxial slow wave structure device can produce microwave with a lower frequency in a smaller cross section. For the purpose of high efficiency, low frequency, and miniaturization, a coaxial klystron-like RBWO with a premodulation cavity is presented. Particle-in-cell simulations show that a microwave with power of 1.15 GW and frequency of 2.1 GHz is generated with conversion efficiency of 48%, whereas for the device with a reflector, the efficiency is 38%.

Xiao Renzhen; Teng Yan; Chen Changhua; Sun Jun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Metal oxide superconducting powder comprised of flake-like single crystal particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Powder of a ceramic superconducting material is synthesized such that each particle of the powder is a single crystal having a flake-like, nonsymmetric morphology such that the c-axis is aligned parallel to the short dimension of the flake. Nonflake powder is synthesized by the normal methods and is pressed into pellets or other shapes and fired for excessive times to produce a coarse grained structure. The fired products are then crushed and ground producing the flake-like powder particles which exhibit superconducting characteristics when aligned with the crystal lattice. 3 figs.

Capone, D.W.; Dusek, J.

1994-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

317

Metal oxide superconducting powder comprised of flake-like single crystal particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Powder of a ceramic superconducting material is synthesized such that each particle of the powder is a single crystal having a flake-like, nonsymmetric morphology such that the c-axis is aligned parallel to the short dimension of the flake. Nonflake powder is synthesized by the normal methods and is pressed into pellets or other shapes and fired for excessive times to produce a coarse grained structure. The fired products are then crushed and ground producing the flake-like powder particles which exhibit superconducting characteristics when aligned with the crystal lattice.

Capone, Donald W. (Bolingbrook, IL); Dusek, Joseph (Downers Grove, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Resonantly photo-pumped nickel-like erbium x-ray laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A resonantly photo-pumped x-ray laser (10) that enhances the gain of several laser lines that also lase because of collisional excitations and recombination processes, is described. The laser comprises an aluminum (12) and erbium (14) foil combination (16) that is driven by two beams (18, 20) of intense line focused (22, 24) optical laser radiation. Ground state nickel-like erbium ions (34) are resonantly photo-pumped by line emission from hydrogen-like aluminum ions (32). 3 figs., 1 tab.

Nilsen, J.

1990-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

319

Characterization of a NifS-Like Chloroplast Protein from Arabidopsis. Implications for Its Role in Sulfur and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of a NifS-Like Chloroplast Protein from Arabidopsis. Implications for Its Role 611­0011, Japan (S.-I.K., H.M., N.E., T.K.) NifS-like proteins catalyze the formation of elemental and characterize chloroplast NifS-like proteins. Using seleno-Cys as a substrate, it was found that 25% to 30

320

A MAGNETAR-LIKE EVENT FROM LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 AND ITS NATURE AS A GAMMA-RAY BINARY  

SciTech Connect

We report on the Swift Burst Alert Telescope detection of a short burst from the direction of the TeV binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303, resembling those generally labeled as magnetar-like. We show that it is likely that the short burst was indeed originating from LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 (although we cannot totally exclude the improbable presence of a far-away, line-of-sight magnetar) and that it is a different phenomenon with respect to the previously observed ks-long flares from this system. Accepting the hypothesis that LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 is the first magnetar detected in a binary system, we study those implications. We find that a magnetar-composed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 system would most likely be (i.e., for the usual magnetar parameters and mass-loss rate) subject to a flip-flop behavior, from a rotationally powered regime (in the apastron) to a propeller regime (in the periastron) along each of the LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 eccentric orbital motion. We prove that, unlike near an apastron, where an interwind shock can lead to the normally observed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 behavior, during TeV emission the periastron propeller is expected to efficiently accelerate particles only to sub-TeV energies. This flip-flop scenario would explain the system's behavior when a recurrent TeV emission only appears near the apastron, the anti-correlation of the GeV and TeV emission, and the long-term TeV variability (which seems correlated to LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303's super-orbital period), including the appearance of a low TeV state. Finally, we qualitatively put the multi-wavelength phenomenology into the context of our proposed model and make some predictions for further testing.

Torres, Diego F.; Rea, Nanda [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Esposito, Paolo [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, localita Poggio dei Pini, strada 54, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy); Li Jian; Chen Yupeng; Zhang Shu [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049 (China)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Toward high-precision values of the self energy of non-S states in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The method and status of a study to provide numerical, high-precision values of the self-energy level shift in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions is described. Graphs of the self energy in hydrogen-like ions with nuclear charge number between 20 and 110 are given for a large number of states. The self-energy is the largest contribution of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) to the energy levels of these atomic systems. These results greatly expand the number of levels for which the self energy is known with a controlled and high precision. Applications include the adjustment of the Rydberg constant and atomic calculations that take into account QED effects.

Eric-Olivier Le Bigot; Ulrich D. Jentschura; Paul Indelicato; Peter J. Mohr

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

322

AEP Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Avoid costs of retrofitting systems to support secure access •Produced by the Yankee Group http://www.yankeegroup.com Page 25. ...

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Broader Perspective about Organization and Coherence in Biological Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implications of large-scale coherence in biological systems and possible links to quantum theory are only beginning to be explored. Whether quantum-like coherent phenomena are relevant, or even possible at all, at the high temperatures of biological systems remains unsettled. Here, we present a broader perspective on biological organization and how quantum-like dynamics and coherence might shape the very fabric from which complex biological systems are organized. Regardless of its exact nature, a unique form of coherence seems apparent at multiple scales in biology and its better characterization may have broad consequences for the understanding of living organisms as complex systems.

Martin Robert

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

324

Hey There. Would You Like to Buy a Thneed? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hey There. Would You Like to Buy a Thneed? Hey There. Would You Like to Buy a Thneed? Hey There. Would You Like to Buy a Thneed? February 15, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis John Lippert Pssst. Hey there. Yeah, you! Would you like to buy a Thneed? A Thneed's a Fine-Something-That-All-People-Need! For the first 90 days, you may try it for free! For 90 days I won't bother you; I'll just let you be! Just give me your credit card number, now, please. You may cancel and not pay. I'm not being a tease. If you cancel within 90 days and don't stall, I swear that you won't have to pay, not at all! We all know what happens on day 91, don't we? Haven't we all fallen into this trap at one time or another? We may use their product or service for a full 30 days, 90 days, or whatever time period, depending on the lure. It WOULD be fun to try it out, after all. And the salespersons are so

325

From Maxwell Stresses to Photon-like Objects through Curvature Geometrisation of Physical Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to review our recent results on exploring the capabilities of non-quantum field theory as a possible tool for describing single photon-like objects, considered as massless time-stable spatially finite physical entities with compatible translational-rotational dynamical structure. It consists of five chapters and includes 22 sections and subsections.

Donev, Stoil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Conservation laws for voter-like models on random directed networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation laws for voter-like models on random directed networks M. ´Angeles Serrano1 that conserved quantities as weighted linear superpositions of spin states exist for all three processes and of the relative densities that decay exponentially to a homogeneous stationary value given by the conserved

Stadler, Peter F.

327

Fabrication and characterization of flower-like zinc oxide for dye-sensitized solar cell photoanode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zinc oxide porous film consists of nanoparticles which assemble forming flake-like particle is synthesised through pyrolitic of chemical bath deposition product. Zinc oxide film consists of nanoparticle around 20 nm with surface area of 58.6 m2/gram ... Keywords: chemical bath depostition, dye sensitized soalr cell, nanoparticle, porous film, zinc carbonate hydroxide, zinc oxide

H. Abdullah; N. P. Ariyanto; B. Yuliarto; S. Junaidi; Yap Chi Chin; Muhamad Yahaya; S. Shaari

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Light-Like Noncommutativity, Light-Front Quantization and New Light on UV/IR Mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the problem of quantizing field theories on noncommutative Moyal spacetime with \\emph{light-like} noncommutativity. To tackle the issues arising from noncommuting and hence nonlocal time, we argue that for this case light-front quantization procedure should be employed. In this appropriate quantization scheme we perform the non-planar loop analysis for the light-like noncommutative field theories. One of the important and peculiar features of light-front quantization is that the UV cutoff of the light-cone Hamiltonian manifests itself as an IR cutoff for the light-cone momentum, $p^+$. Due to this feature, the naive results of covariant quantization for the light-like case allude to the absence of the UV/IR mixing in the light-front quantization. However, by a careful analysis of non-planar loop integrals we show that this is not the case and the UV/IR mixing persists. In addition, we argue in favour of the perturbative unitarity of light-like noncommutative field theories in the light-front quantization scheme.

M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari; A. Tureanu

2010-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

Cerenkov-like radiation in a binary superfluid flow past an obstacle H. Susanto,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cerenkov-like radiation in a binary superfluid flow past an obstacle H. Susanto,1 P. G. Kevrekidis of as a type of nonlinear Cerenkov radiation that is emitted, when the motion of the impurity is supercritical of the Cerenkov emission of phonons by a laser obstacle was reported 19 ; in a different study 20 , it has been

Susanto, Hadi

330

Investigation on LIGA-like process based on multilevel imprint lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-cost quasi-LIGA process is proposed, in which, instead of using thick resist technique, micro-structure with large structural height is achieved by multilevel imprinting and through-mask plating. To achieve precise alignment between individual ... Keywords: Imprint lithography, LIGA-like, Layered fabrication, Microstructure

Quandai Wang; Yugang Duan; Yucheng Ding; Bingheng Lu; Jiawei Xiang; Lianfa Yang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A Lagged Warm Event–Like Response to Peaks in Solar Forcing in the Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forced response coincident with peaks in the 11-yr decadal solar oscillation (DSO) has been shown to resemble a cold event or La Niña–like pattern during December–February (DJF) in the Pacific region in observations and two global coupled ...

Gerald A. Meehl; Julie M. Arblaster

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Searching for the Solar System's Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Print Wednesday, 20 February 2013 00:00 The ratio of isotopes in elements like oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen were once thought to be much the same everywhere, determined only by their different masses. Then isotope ratios in meteorites, interplanetary dust and gas, and the sun itself were found to differ from those on Earth. Planetary researchers like UC San Diego's Mark Thiemens and his colleagues, working with Musa Ahmed of the Chemical Sciences Division, are now using the Chemical Dynamics Beamline at the Advanced Light Source to study these "mass-independent" effects and their origins in the chemical processes of the early solar system.

333

Steam generator support system  

SciTech Connect

A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances.

Moldenhauer, James E. (Simi Valley, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Steam generator support system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source is disclosed. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances. 4 figs.

Moldenhauer, J.E.

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

335

NETL: Gasification Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Systems Coal and Power Systems Gasification Systems Gasifier Optimization & Plant Supporting Systems Feed Systems Feed Systems Gasifier Optimization & Plant Supporting...

336

Power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

337

Release Version Parabolic Dish Microphone System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Release Version Parabolic Dish Microphone System Prepared by: Zhixin Chen (Ph.D. Student), with the assistance of Robert C. Maher (Associate Professor) Montana State University A parabolic dish microphone is like a mirror telescope for sound. A parabolic reflector is used to collect and focus sound waves

Maher, Robert C.

338

Definition: Hydrothermal Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geological formation for the production of electricity.1 References http:www1.eere.energy.govgeothermalpdfshydrothermalfactsheet.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like...

339

Gasification Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GASIFICATION SYSTEMS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PLAN PREFACE ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United...

340

Photovoltaic Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A photovoltaic (PV), or solar electric system, is made up of several photovoltaic solar cells. An individual PV cell is usually small, typically producing about 1 or 2 watts of power. To boost the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Battery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery module includes a plurality of battery cells and a system configured for passing a fluid past at least a portion of the plurality of battery cells in a parallel manner.

Dougherty, Thomas J; Wood, Steven J; Trester, Dale B; Andrew, Michael G

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Solid-like Crystal Structure on the Surface of a Liquid Alloy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Solid-like Crystal Structure on the Surface of a Liquid Alloy A Solid-like Crystal Structure on the Surface of a Liquid Alloy A substance used in nanotechnology contains unusual structures at its surface, according to a team of researchers using the ChemMatCARS 15-ID beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. The research results, developed at the Center for Nanoscale Materials at Argonne, are published today in the journal Science. The substance in question is a gold-silicon eutectic alloy, 82 percent gold and 18 percent silicon. The term eutectic means that the combination melts at a temperature lower than that of the melting temperature of either of its components. For most eutectic alloys, the difference between the melting point of the alloy and those of its pure components is about 100 degrees Celsius; the gold-silicon eutectic alloy melts about 1,000 °C

344

Questions and Answers - Is possible to make a real light saber like in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Can you use light to push light? Can you use light to push light? Previous Question (Can you use light to push light?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (What's used to steer Jefferson Lab's electron beam?) What's used to steer JeffersonLab's electron beam? Is possible to make a "real" light saber like in the Star Wars movies? Nice idea, but nothing like it really exists. For example, if it were a laser beam why does it just stop at the end of the saber? Light just keeps on going. If it were to have the power capability of slicing through metal bars (and people) it would have to have LOTS of power behind it. Big commercial lasers can cut through steel 1/16th of an inch thick although fairly slowly (1/2" cut a second or so) but these devices are bigger than a

345

A Stellar Model-fitting Pipeline for Solar-like Oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past two decades, helioseismology has revolutionized our understanding of the interior structure and dynamics of the Sun. Asteroseismology will soon place this knowledge into a broader context by providing structural data for hundreds of Sun-like stars. Solar-like oscillations have already been detected from the ground in several stars, and NASA's Kepler mission is poised to unleash a flood of stellar pulsation data. Deriving reliable asteroseismic information from these observations demands a significant improvement in our analysis methods. We report the initial results of our efforts to develop an objective stellar model-fitting pipeline for asteroseismic data. The cornerstone of our automated approach is an optimization method using a parallel genetic algorithm. We describe the details of the pipeline and we present the initial application to Sun-as-a-star data, yielding an optimal model that accurately reproduces the known solar properties.

Metcalfe, T S; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A handbook of vector-like quarks: mixing and single production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain constraints on the mixing of vector-like quarks coupling predominantly to the third generation. We consider all (seven) possible types of vector-like quarks, individually. The constraints are derived from oblique corrections and Z -> b bbar measurements at LEP and SLC. We investigate the implications of these constraints on LHC phenomenology, concerning the decays of the heavy quarks and their single production. We also explore indirect effects of heavy quark mixing in top and bottom couplings. The most remarkable of these effects is the possibility of explaining the anomalous forward-backward asymmetry in Z -> b bbar at LEP, with a hypercharge -5/6 doublet. We also study the impact of the new quarks on single Higgs production at the LHC and Higgs decay.

J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra; R. Benbrik; S. Heinemeyer; M. Perez-Victoria

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

347

A handbook of vector-like quarks: mixing and single production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain constraints on the mixing of vector-like quarks coupling predominantly to the third generation. We consider all (seven) relevant types of vector-like quarks, individually. The constraints are derived from oblique corrections and Z -> b bbar measurements at LEP and SLC. We investigate the implications of these constraints on LHC phenomenology, concerning the decays of the heavy quarks and their single production. We also explore indirect effects of heavy quark mixing in top and bottom couplings. A remarkable effect is the possibility of explaining the anomalous forward-backward asymmetry in Z -> b bbar at LEP, with a hypercharge -5/6 doublet. We also study the impact of the new quarks on single Higgs production at the LHC and Higgs decay.

J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra; R. Benbrik; S. Heinemeyer; M. Perez-Victoria

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

348

Building the Chessboard-like Supramolecular Structure on Au (111) Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate an anthracene derivative, 3(5)-(9-anthryl) pyrazole (ANP), self-assembled on the Au (111) surface by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A chessboard-like network structure composed of ANP molecules is found, covering the whole Au (111) substrate. Our STM results and DFT calculations reveal that the formation of chessboard-like networks originates from a basic unit cell, a tetramer structure, which is formed by four ANP molecules connected through C-H-N hydrogen-bonds. The hydrogen bonds inside each tetramer and the molecular adsorption interaction are fundamentally important in providing a driving force for formation of the supramolecular networks.

Dou, Ruifen; Zhang, Ping; Zhong, Dingyong; Fuchs, Harald; Wang, Yue; Chi, Lifeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and composition is disclosed for the deposition of a thick layer of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate. The softened or molten composition crystallizes on the substrate to form a thick deposition layer comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent and may include at least one secondary constituent. Preferably, the secondary constituents are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B{sub 4}C) powder and mixtures thereof. 9 figs.

Holcombe, C.E.; Seals, R.D.; Price, R.E.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

350

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and composition for the deposition of a thick layer (10) of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition (12) including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate (20). The softened or molten composition (18) crystallizes on the substrate (20) to form a thick deposition layer (10) comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition (12) includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent (14) and may include at least one secondary constituent (16). Preferably, the secondary constituents (16) are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B.sub.4 C) powder and mixtures thereof.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Price, R. Eugene (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Distinguishing a SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from SM Higgs boson at muon collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the possibility of distinguishing the SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from the SM Higgs boson via Higgs boson pair production at future muon collider. We study the behavior of the production cross section in SM and MSSM with Higgs boson mass for various choices of MSSM parameters tan \\beta and m\\sub A. We observe that at fixed CM energy, in the SM, the total cross section increases with the increase in Higgs boson mass whereas this trend is reversed for the MSSM case. The changes that occur for the MSSM case in comparison to the SM predictions are quantified in terms of the relative percentage deviation in cross section. The observed large deviations in cross section for different choices of Higgs mass suggest that the measurements of the cross section could possibly distinguish the SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from the SM Higgs boson.

Jai Kumar Singhal; Sardar Singh; Ashok K Nagawat

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

352

Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer Spectroscopy of the Nova-like BB Doradus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer ({\\it{FUSE}}) spectra of the little-known southern nova-like BB Doradus. The spectrum was obtained as part of our Cycle 8 {\\it FUSE} survey of high declination nova-like stars. The FUSE spectrum of BB Dor, observed in a high state, is modeled with an accretion disk with a very low inclination (possibly lower than 10deg). Assuming an average WD mass of 0.8 solar leads to a mass accretion rate of 1.E-9 Solar mass/year and a distance of the order of 650 pc, consistent with the extremely low galactic reddening in its direction. The spectrum presents some broad and deep silicon and sulfur absorption lines, indicating that these elements are over-abundant by 3 and 20 times solar, respectively.

P. Godon; E. M. Sion; P. E. Barrett; P. Szkody; E. M. Schlegel

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer Spectroscopy of the Nova-like BB Doradus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer ({\\it{FUSE}}) spectra of the little-known southern nova-like BB Doradus. The spectrum was obtained as part of our Cycle 8 {\\it FUSE} survey of high declination nova-like stars. The FUSE spectrum of BB Dor, observed in a high state, is modeled with an accretion disk with a very low inclination (possibly lower than 10deg). Assuming an average WD mass of 0.8 solar leads to a mass accretion rate of 1.E-9 Solar mass/year and a distance of the order of 650 pc, consistent with the extremely low galactic reddening in its direction. The spectrum presents some broad and deep silicon and sulfur absorption lines, indicating that these elements are over-abundant by 3 and 20 times solar, respectively.

Godon, P; Barrett, P E; Szkody, P; Schlegel, E M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Reactive instabilities of lower hybrid-like waves in regions with parallel currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dispersion and reactive instabilities of obliquely propagating waves near the lower hybrid (LH) frequency are studied in plasma carrying a current parallel to the magnetic field. Possible applications of these instabilities include magnetic reconnection regions, where LH-like waves may accelerate and heat both ions and electrons. In plasmas with a bulk drift of electrons relative to the ions at speed v{sub d} along the magnetic field, the forward and backward propagating LH modes are shown to be replaced by four LH-like modes. Reactive instabilities are discovered here for a forward propagating mode with Re({omega}){approx_equal}k{sub ||}v{sub d}/2 and a backward propagating mode with Re({omega})cold plasma calculations and agree well, confirming that the discovered instabilities are reactive. In the cold plasma limit, the forward and backward propagating instabilities occur for v{sub d} below and above some thresholds, respectively.

Verdon, A. L.; Cairns, Iver H.; Melrose, D. B.; Robinson, P. A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

NATURAL GAS FROM SHALE: Questions and Answers It Seems Like Shale Gas Came Out  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

It Seems Like Shale Gas Came Out It Seems Like Shale Gas Came Out of Nowhere - What Happened? Knowledge of gas shale resources and even production techniques has been around a long time (see "Technological Highlights" timeline). But even as recently as a few years ago, very little of the resource was considered economical to produce. Innovative advances - especially in horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing and other well stimulation technologies - did much to make hundreds of trillions of cubic feet of shale gas technically recoverable where it once was not. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, along with industry partners, was heavily involved in the innovation chain, and helped to make some of these techniques, as well as protective

356

From Maxwell Stresses to Photon-like Objects through Curvature Geometrisation of Physical Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to review our recent results on exploring the capabilities of non-quantum field theory as a possible tool for describing single photon-like objects, considered as massless time-stable spatially finite physical entities with compatible translational-rotational dynamical structure. The main idea is to interpret the local physical interaction as available Frobenius curvature. It consists of five chapters and includes 22 sections and subsections.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Sun-like activity of the solar twin 18 Scorpii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of 10 yr of complementary spectroscopic and photometric observations of the solar twin 18 Scorpii. We show that over the course of its ~7 year chromospheric activity cycle, 18 Sco's brightness varies in the same manner as the Sun's and with a likely brightness variation of 0.09%, similar to the 0.1% decadal variation in the total solar irradiance.

Jeffrey C. Hall; Gregory W. Henry; G. Wesley Lockwood

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

358

Non-Hermitian oscillator-like Hamiltonians and $?$-coherent states revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous $\\lambda$-deformed {\\it non-Hermitian} Hamiltonians with respect to the usual scalar product of Hilbert spaces dealing with harmonic oscillator-like developments are (re)considered with respect to a new scalar product in order to take into account their property of self-adjointness. The corresponding deformed $\\lambda$-states lead to new families of coherent states according to the DOCS, AOCS and MUCS points of view.

J. Beckers; J. F. Cariñena; N. Debergh; G. Marmo

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Horizon Mechanics and Asymptotic Symmetries with a Immirzi-like Parameter in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting with a generalized theory of 2+1 gravity containing an Immirzi like parameter, we derive the modified laws of black hole mechanics using the formalism of weak isolated horizons. Definitions of horizon mass and angular momentum emerge naturally in this framework. We further go on to analyze the asymptotic symmetries, as first discussed by Brown and Henneaux, and analyze their implications in a completely covariant phase space framework.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

360

Superlattice-like stacking fault array in ion-irradiated GaN  

SciTech Connect

Controlling defects in crystalline solids is of technological importance for realizing desirable materials properties. Irradiation with energetic particles is useful for designing the spatial distribution and concentration of defects in materials. Here, we performed ion irradiation into hexagonal GaN with the wurtzite structure and demonstrated the spontaneous formation of superlattice-like stacking fault arrays. It was found that the modulation period can be controlled by irradiation conditions and post-irradiation heat treatments.

Ishimaru, Dr. Manabu [Osaka University; Usov, Igor Olegovich [ORNL; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Weber, William J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Walking solutions in the string background dual to N=1 SQCD-like theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new solution in the string background dual to N=1 SQCD-like theories is presented. The gauge coupling in this solution has walking property. The Wilson loop calculations show that quark anti-quark potential makes phase transitions. Additionally the effect of flavours on other solutions in this background is investigated by considering some unflavoured solutions and perturbing them with small parameter x=(N{sub f})/(N{sub c})

Guerdogan, Omer Can [Istanbul Teknik Universitesi Fizik Boeuemue, 34469 Maslak Istanbul (Turkey)], E-mail: gurdogano@itu.edu.tr

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Sensitivity to the Single Production of Vector-Like Quarks at an Upgraded Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we consider the sensitivity of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to the single production of new heavy vector-like quarks. We consider a model with large mixing with the standard model top quark with electroweak production of single heavy top quarks. We consider center of mass energies of 14, 33, and 100 TeV with various pileup scenarios and present the expected sensitivity and exclusion limits.

Tim Andeen; Clare Bernard; Kevin Black; Taylor Childres; Lidia Dell'Asta; Natascia Vignaroli

2013-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Thermodynamics of the Three-dimensional Black Hole with a Coulomb-like Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the thermodynamical properties of the (2+1)dimensional black hole with a Coulomb-like electric field and the differential form of the first law of thermodynamics is derived considering a virtual displacement of its event horizon. This approach shows that it is possible to give a thermodynamical interpretation to the field equations near the horizon. The Lambda=0 solution is studied and its interesting thermodynamical properties are commented.

Alexis Larranaga; Luz Angela Garcia

2008-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

364

Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too April 2, 2012 - 5:41pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory I'm in the market for a new computer right now, so I've been doing a bit of research. While looking around, I ran into this page about computers on the ENERGY STAR website. I thought I'd share! I had a little fun with the table at the bottom of the "Overview" tab, which talked about how much money you'd save if you activated power management tools on your computer. It's not the most detailed chart, and I wish I knew where their actual data was so I could look at it... But at its heart, it appears to say that if you leave your computer on every night and weekend and started using power management, you'd save $20 a year in energy

365

Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too Your Computer Would Like a Little Sleep, Too April 2, 2012 - 5:41pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory I'm in the market for a new computer right now, so I've been doing a bit of research. While looking around, I ran into this page about computers on the ENERGY STAR website. I thought I'd share! I had a little fun with the table at the bottom of the "Overview" tab, which talked about how much money you'd save if you activated power management tools on your computer. It's not the most detailed chart, and I wish I knew where their actual data was so I could look at it... But at its heart, it appears to say that if you leave your computer on every night and weekend and started using power management, you'd save $20 a year in energy

366

Who Will More Likely Buy PHEV: A Detailed Market Segmentation Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Understanding the diverse PHEV purchase behaviors among prospective new car buyers is key for designing efficient and effective policies for promoting new energy vehicle technologies. The ORNL MA3T model developed for the U.S. Department of Energy is described and used to project PHEV purchase probabilities by different consumers. MA3T disaggregates the U.S. household vehicle market into 1458 consumer segments based on region, residential area, driver type, technology attitude, home charging availability and work charging availability and is calibrated to the EIA s Annual Energy Outlook. Simulation results from MA3T are used to identify the more likely PHEV buyers and provide explanations. It is observed that consumers who have home charging, drive more frequently and live in urban area are more likely to buy a PHEV. Early adopters are projected to be more likely PHEV buyers in the early market, but the PHEV purchase probability by the late majority consumer can increase over time when PHEV gradually becomes a familiar product. Copyright Form of EVS25.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Systems Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity; the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the US. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated BioEnergy Systems (TBS) Activity of TEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the US and the UK. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modeling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from technoeconomic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the US. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review.

Graham, R.L.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Case Based System for Oil and Gas Well Design with Risk Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case base system for a complex problem like oil field design needs to be richer than the usual case based reasoning system. Genesis, the system described in this paper contains large heterogeneous cases with metalevel knowledge. A multi-level indexing ... Keywords: case based systems, information extraction, knowledge sharing, oil well design, risk assessment

Simon Kravis; Rosemary Irrgang

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Development of a mirror-based endoscope for divertor spectroscopy on JET with the new ITER-like wall (invited)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new endoscope with optimised divertor view has been developed in order to survey and monitor the emission of specific impurities such as tungsten and the remaining carbon as well as beryllium in the tungsten divertor of JET after the implementation of the ITER-like wall in 2011. The endoscope is a prototype for testing an ITER relevant design concept based on reflective optics only. It may be subject to high neutron fluxes as expected in ITER. The operating wavelength range, from 390 nm to 2500 nm, allows the measurements of the emission of all expected impurities (W I, Be II, C I, C II, C III) with high optical transmittance ({>=}30% in the designed wavelength range) as well as high spatial resolution that is {ITER relevant shutter system based on pneumatic techniques has been developed and integrated into the endoscope head. The endoscope is equipped with four digital CCD cameras, each combined with two filter wheels for narrow band interference and neutral density filters. Additionally, two protection cameras in the {lambda} > 0.95 {mu}m range have been integrated in the optical design for the real time wall protection during the plasma operation of JET.

Huber, A.; Brezinsek, S.; Mertens, Ph.; Schweer, B.; Sergienko, G.; Terra, A.; Clever, M.; Lambertz, H. T.; Samm, U. [Institute of Energy and Climate Research - Plasma Physics, Forschungszentrum Juelich, EURATOM Association, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Arnoux, G.; Balshaw, N.; Edlingdon, T.; Farthing, J.; Matthews, G. F.; Riccardo, V.; Sanders, S.; Stamp, M.; Williams, J.; Zastrow, K. D. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Egner, S. [Kayser-Threde GmbH, D-81379 Munich (Germany); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Superhard behaviour, low residual stress, and unique structure in diamond-like carbon films by simple bilayer approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple bilayer approach is proposed for synthesizing hard and superhard diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings with reduced residual stress. For this, M/DLC bilayer (M = Ti and Cu) structures are grown using hybrid system involving radio frequency (RF)-sputtering and RF-plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition techniques. Ti/DLC bilayer deposited at negative self bias of 100 V shows superhard behaviour with hardness (H) as 49 GPa. Cu/DLC bilayer grown at self bias of 100 V exhibits hard behaviour with H as 22.8 GPa. The hardness of Ti/DLC (Cu/DLC) bilayer gets changed from superhard (hard) to hard (moderate hard) regime, when the self bias is raised to 300 V. Residual stress in Ti/DLC (Cu/DLC) bilayer is found to be significantly low that varies in the range of 1 GPa-1.65 GPa (0.8 GPa-1.6 GPa). The microstructure and morphology are studied by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). SEM and AFM pictures reveal the creation of nanostructured features in the deposited bilayers. Raman, SEM, and AFM analyses are correlated with the nano-mechanical properties. Owing to excellent nano-mechanical properties, these bilayers can find their direct industrial applications as hard and protective coatings.

Dwivedi, Neeraj [Physics of Energy Harvesting Division, National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), KS Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012 (India); Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India); Kumar, Sushil [Physics of Energy Harvesting Division, National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), KS Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012 (India); Malik, Hitendra K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

NETL: Gasification - Systems Analyses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

System Analyses Gasification Systems Systems Analyses Go to the NETL Gasification Systems Program's Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Technology & CostPerformance Studies NETL...

372

Characterization of Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia-like Fungi infecting Vegetables in New York and their Pathogenicity to Corn .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vegetable growers in New York have recently observed that the corn rotation is no longer effective in suppressing diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia-like… (more)

Ohkura, Mana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

An evolutionary optimization approach for bulk material blending systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bulk material blending systems still mostly implement static and non-reactive material blending methods like the well-known Chevron stacking. The optimization potential in the existing systems which can be made available using quality analyzing methods ... Keywords: bulk material blending, chevron stacking, multi-objective evolutionary algorithms

Michael P. Cipold; Pradyumn Kumar Shukla; Claus C. Bachmann; Kaibin Bao; Hartmut Schmeck

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A software system for buzz-based recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an outline of a software system for buzz-based recommendations. This system is based on a large source of queries in an eCommerce application. The buzz events are detected based on query bursts linked to external entities like ... Keywords: large-scale buzz detection, semantic relatedness, surprise a day

Hill Nguyen; Nish Parikh; Neel Sundaresan

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Ontology enabled decision support system for emergency management at airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the first prototype of the EMILI-SITE system that will provide an advanced simulation and training capabilities for emergency management in critical infrastructures like airports, railway/metro systems, and power grids. In addition, ... Keywords: SCADA, airport, complex event processing, emergency management, event-condition-action rules, ontologies, simulation, training

Vuk Mijovi?; Nikola Tomaševi?; Valentina Janev; Mladen Stanojevi?; Sanja Vraneš

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The MPEG-7 Multimedia Database System (MPEG-7 MMDB)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadly used Database Management Systems (DBMS) propose multimedia extensions, like Oracle's Multimedia (formerly interMedia). However, these extensions lack means for managing the requirements of multimedia data in terms of semantic meaningful querying, ... Keywords: MPEG-7, Multimedia Database Systems, Multimedia index structures

Mario Döller; Harald Kosch

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purple LED lamp Purple LED lamp Lighting Systems Lighting research is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes across the nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research falls into four main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems, Controls and Communications, and Human Factors. Contacts Francis Rubinstein FMRubinstein@lbl.gov (510) 486-4096 Links Lighting Research Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

378

Natural System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural System Natural System Evaluation and Tool Development - FY11 Progress Report Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Program Yifeng Wang (SNL) Michael Simpson (INL) Scott Painter (LANL) Hui-Hai Liu (LBNL) Annie B. Kersting (LLNL) July 15, 2011 FCRD-USED-2011-000223 UFD Natural System Evaluation - FY11 Year-End Report July 15, 2011 2 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

379

ARAC system  

SciTech Connect

In spite of the remarkable safety record of the nuclear industry as a whole, recent public concern over the potential impact of the industry's accelerated growth has prompted ERDA to expand its emergency response procedures. The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability, ARAC, is a computer communications system designed to enhance the existing emergency response capability of ERDA nuclear facilities. ARAC will add at least two new functions to this capability: centralized, real-time data acquisition and storage, and simulation of the long range atmospheric transport of hazardous materials. To perform these functions, ARAC employs four major sub-systems or facilities: the site facility, the central facility, the global weather center and the regional model. The system has been under development for the past two years at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory of the University of California. (auth)

Kelly, M.F.; Wyman, R.H.

1975-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

380

BAE Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information fusion system designs require sensor and resource management (SM) for effective and efficient data collection, processing, and dissemination. Common Level 4 fusion sensor management (or process refinement) inter-relations with target tracking and identification (Level 1 fusion) have been detailed in the literature. At the ISIF Fusion Conference, a panel discussion was held to examine the contemporary issues and challenges pertaining to the interaction between SM and situation and threat assessment (Level 2/3 fusion). This summarizes the key tenants of the invited panel experts. The common themes were: 1) Addressing the user in system control, 2) Determining a standard set of metrics,

Erik Blasch; John Salerno; Ivan Kadar; Ken Hintz; J. Biermann; Chee Chong; Subrata Das

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Porous insulation in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous insulation used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC equipment provides a locus for the accumulation of dirt and debris. Dirt and debris are hydrophilic and the insulation on the air stream surfaces of mechanical cooling systems thus provides a niche for mold growth. The mold growing on porous insulation unlike moldy debris on a hard surface such as sheetmetal cannot be removed by duct cleaning. Actions for proactively preventing biocontamination of HVAC insulation include the following. (1) Porous insulation shall not be used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC plenums where wetting is likely such as in the vicinity of cooling coils

Philip R. Morey

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Tracking system for solar collectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tracking system is provided for pivotally mounted spaced-apart solar collectors. A pair of cables is connected to spaced-apart portions of each collector, and a driver displaces the cables, thereby causing the collectors to pivot about their mounting, so as to assume the desired orientation. The collectors may be of the cylindrical type as well as the flat-plate type. Rigid spar-like linkages may be substituted for the cables. Releasable attachments of the cables to the collectors is also described, as is a fine tuning mechanism for precisely aligning each individual collector.

Butler, B.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tracking system for solar collectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tracking system is provided for pivotally mounted spaced-apart solar collectors. A pair of cables is connected to spaced-apart portions of each collector, and a driver displaces the cables, thereby causing the collectors to pivot about their mounting, so as to assume the desired orientation. The collectors may be of the cylindrical type as well as the flat-plate type. Rigid spar-like linkages may be substituted for the cables. Releasable attachments of the cables to the collectors is also described, as is a fine tuning mechanism for precisely aligning each individual collector.

Butler, Barry L. (Golden, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

NEWTON: Blood Group Systems Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blood Group Systems Usage Blood Group Systems Usage Name: Kishori Status: student Grade: n/a Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Summer 2013 Question: What is the difference between MN blood group system and ABO bloodgroup system? Although, we nowadays prefer ABO blood groups why do we use MN blood groups in the forensic department? Replies: Humans actually have multiple blood antigens on the surface of our blood cells. Wikipedia says that there are over 50 different blood group antigens. ABO and Rh are just the most dominant. Rh actually has 3 alleles called C, D and E. So one could be CCddee, for example, but clinically, when referring to Rh, only the D antigen is considered. So MN is another system that is also present. The reason it would be considered in forensics is due to population genetics considerations. Certain combinations are found in different percentages depending on what ancestry a person is a part of. Humans evolved in isolation from each other and until relatively recently, were separated due to difficult travel/migration. But even though we can move around the planet easily now, we still carry the history of our ancestry in our DNA. M and N are codominant, like the ABO system.

385

Angular momentum conservation and torsional oscillations in the Sun and solar-like stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar torsional oscillations, i.e., the perturbations of the angular velocity of rotation associated with the eleven-year activity cycle, are a manifestation of the interaction among the interior magnetic fields, amplified and modulated by the solar dynamo, and rotation, meridional flow and turbulent thermal transport. Therefore, they can be used, at least in principle, to put constraints on that interaction. Similar phenomena are expected to be observed in solar-like stars and can be modelled to shed light on analogous interactions in different environments. The source of the torsional oscillations is investigated by means of a model for the angular momentum transport within the convection zone. A description of the torsional oscillations is introduced, based on an analytical solution of the angular momentum equation in the mean-field approach. It provides information on the intensity and location of the torques producing the redistribution of the angular momentum within the convection zone of the Sun along the activity cycle. The method can be extended to solar-like stars for which some information on the time-dependence of the differential rotation is becoming available. Illustrative applications to the Sun and solar-like stars are presented. Under the hypothesis that the solar torsional oscillations are due to the mean-field Lorentz force, the mean amplitude of the Maxwell stresses and the phase relationship between poloidal and toroidal field components are obtained. Our preliminary results show the capability of the proposed approach to constrain the amplitude, phase and location of the perturbations leading to the observed torsional oscillations.

Antonino F. Lanza

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

386

Core-softened Fluids, Water-like Anomalies and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to examine the relationship between water-like anomalies and the liquid-liquid critical point in a family of model fluids with multi-Gaussian, core-softened pair interactions. The core-softened pair interactions have two length scales, such that the longer length scale associated with a shallow, attractive well is kept constant while the shorter length scale associated with the repulsive shoulder is varied from an inflexion point to a minimum of progressively increasing depth. As the shoulder well depth increases, the pressure required to form the high density liquid decreases and the temperature up to which the high-density liquid is stable increases, resulting in the shift of the liquid-liquid critical point to much lower pressures and higher temperatures. The pair correlation entropy is computed to show that the excess entropy anomaly diminishes when the shoulder well depth increases. Excess entropy scaling of diffusivity in this class of fluids is demonstrated, showing that decreasing strength of the excess entropy anomaly with increasing shoulder depth results in the progressive loss of water-like thermodynamic, structural and transport anomalies. Instantaneous normal mode analysis was used to index the overall curvature distribution of the fluid and the fraction of imaginary frequency modes was shown to correlate well with the anomalous behaviour of the diffusivity and the pair correlation entropy. The results suggest in the case of core-softened potentials, in addition to the presence of two length scales, energetic and entropic effects associated with local minima and curvatures of the pair interaction play an important role in determining the presence of water-like anomalies and the liquid-liquid phase transition.

Evy Salcedo; Alan B. de Oliveira; Ney M. Barraz Jr; Charusita Chakravarty; Marcia C. Barbosa

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

387

Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Composition of Management System for Smart Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper addresses modular hierarchical design (composition) of a management system for smart homes. The management system consists of security subsystem (access control, alarm control), comfort subsystem (temperature, etc.), intelligence subsystem (multimedia, houseware). The design solving process is based on Hierarchical Morphological Multicriteria Design (HMMD) approach: (1) design of a tree-like system model, (2) generation of design alternatives for leaf nodes of the system model, (3) Bottom-Up process: (i) multicriteria selection of design alternatives for system parts/components and (ii) composing the selected alternatives into a resultant combination (while taking into account ordinal quality of the alternatives above and their compatibility). A realistic numerical example illustrates the design process of a management system for smart homes.

Levin, Mark Sh; Klapproth, Alexander

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Repeated interactions in open quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzing the dynamics of open quantum systems has a long history in mathematics and physics. Depending on the system at hand, basic physical phenomena that one would like to explain are, for example, convergence to equilibrium, the dynamics of quantum coherences (decoherence) and quantum correlations (entanglement), or the emergence of heat and particle fluxes in non-equilibrium situations. From the mathematical physics perspective, one of the main challenges is to derive the irreversible dynamics of the open system, starting from a unitary dynamics of the system and its environment. The repeated interactions systems considered in these notes are models of non-equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. They are relevant in quantum optics, and more generally, serve as a relatively well treatable approximation of a more difficult quantum dynamics. In particular, the repeated interaction models allow to determine the large time (stationary) asymptotics of quantum systems out of equilibrium.

Laurent Bruneau; Alain Joye; Marco Merkli

2013-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

390

THERMAL PHASES OF EARTH-LIKE PLANETS: ESTIMATING THERMAL INERTIA FROM ECCENTRICITY, OBLIQUITY, AND DIURNAL FORCING  

SciTech Connect

In order to understand the climate on terrestrial planets orbiting nearby Sun-like stars, one would like to know their thermal inertia. We use a global climate model to simulate the thermal phase variations of Earth analogs and test whether these data could distinguish between planets with different heat storage and heat transport characteristics. In particular, we consider a temperate climate with polar ice caps (like the modern Earth) and a snowball state where the oceans are globally covered in ice. We first quantitatively study the periodic radiative forcing from, and climatic response to, rotation, obliquity, and eccentricity. Orbital eccentricity and seasonal changes in albedo cause variations in the global-mean absorbed flux. The responses of the two climates to these global seasons indicate that the temperate planet has 3 Multiplication-Sign the bulk heat capacity of the snowball planet due to the presence of liquid water oceans. The obliquity seasons in the temperate simulation are weaker than one would expect based on thermal inertia alone; this is due to cross-equatorial oceanic and atmospheric energy transport. Thermal inertia and cross-equatorial heat transport have qualitatively different effects on obliquity seasons, insofar as heat transport tends to reduce seasonal amplitude without inducing a phase lag. For an Earth-like planet, however, this effect is masked by the mixing of signals from low thermal inertia regions (sea ice and land) with that from high thermal inertia regions (oceans), which also produces a damped response with small phase lag. We then simulate thermal light curves as they would appear to a high-contrast imaging mission (TPF-I/Darwin). In order of importance to the present simulations, which use modern-Earth orbital parameters, the three drivers of thermal phase variations are (1) obliquity seasons, (2) diurnal cycle, and (3) global seasons. Obliquity seasons are the dominant source of phase variations for most viewing angles. A pole-on observer would measure peak-to-trough amplitudes of 13% and 47% for the temperate and snowball climates, respectively. Diurnal heating is important for equatorial observers ({approx}5% phase variations), because the obliquity effects cancel to first order from that vantage. Finally, we compare the prospects of optical versus thermal direct imaging missions for constraining the climate on exoplanets and conclude that while zero- and one-dimensional models are best served by thermal measurements, second-order models accounting for seasons and planetary thermal inertia would require both optical and thermal observations.

Cowan, Nicolas B. [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2131 Tech Drive, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Voigt, Aiko [Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, D-20146 Hamburg (Germany); Abbot, Dorian S., E-mail: n-cowan@nortwestern.edu [Department of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, 5734 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

Search for solar hadronic axions produced by a bremsstrahlung-like process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have searched for hadronic axions which may be produced in the Sun by a bremsstrahlung-like process, and observed in the HPGe detector by an axioelectric effect. A conservative upper limit on the hadronic axion mass m_a < 334 eV at 95% C.L. is obtained. Our experimental approach is based on the axion-electron coupling and it does not include the axion-nucleon coupling, which suffers from the large uncertainties related to the estimation of the flavor-singlet axial-vector matrix element.

D. Kekez; A. Ljubicic; Z. Krecak; M. Krcmar

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

392

On a "Robust" A-like State of $^3He$ in Aerogel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The orbitally isotropic Equal Spin Pairing (ESP) state has been proposed in Ref. [1] as a candidate of an A-like phase of superfluid $^3He$ in aerogel environment. In order to preserve an exact isotropy of the state in the presence of the magnetic field the condensate with equal values of the amplitudes $\\Delta_{\\uparrow\\uparrow}$ and $\\Delta_{\\downarrow\\downarrow}$ was adopted. Experimentally it is established that this version does not reproduce observed splitting asymmetry of ESP phase in aerogel under the action of an external magnetic field. Here we explore the behavior of the quasi-isotropic version of an axiplanar ESP phase with $\\Delta_{\\uparrow\\uparrow}\

G. A. Baramidze; G. A. Kharadze

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Possible Diamond-Like Nanoscale Structures Induced by Slow Highly-Charged Ions on Graphite (HOPG)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between slow highly-charged ions (SHCI) of different charge states from an electron-beam ion trap and highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surfaces is studied in terms of modification of electronic states at single-ion impact nanosizeareas. Results are presented from AFM/STM analysis of the induced-surface topological features combined with Raman spectroscopy. I-V characteristics for a number of different impact regions were measured with STM and the results argue for possible formation of diamond-like nanoscale structures at the impact sites.

Sideras-Haddad, E.; Schenkel, T.; Shrivastava, S.; Makgato, T.; Batra, A.; Weis, C. D.; Persaud, A.; Erasmus, R.; Mwakikunga, B.

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

394

Three-dimensional visualization of forming Hepatitis C virus-like particles by electron-tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hepatitis C virus infects almost 170 million people per year but its assembly pathway, architecture and the structures of its envelope proteins are poorly understood. Using electron tomography of plastic-embedded sections of insect cells, we have visualized the morphogenesis of recombinant Hepatitis C virus-like particles. Our data provide a three-dimensional sketch of viral assembly at the endoplasmic reticulum showing different budding stages and contiguity of buds. This latter phenomenon could play an important role during the assembly of wt-HCV and explain the size-heterogeneity of its particles.

Badia-Martinez, Daniel; Peralta, Bibiana [Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, 48160 Derio (Spain)] [Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, 48160 Derio (Spain); Andres, German; Guerra, Milagros [Electron Microscopy Unit, Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC-UAM, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)] [Electron Microscopy Unit, Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC-UAM, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Gil-Carton, David [Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, 48160 Derio (Spain)] [Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, 48160 Derio (Spain); Abrescia, Nicola G.A., E-mail: nabrescia@cicbiogune.es [Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, 48160 Derio (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao (Spain)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HAP System Design Load  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HAP System Design Load HAP System Design Load HAP System Design Load logo. Provides the load estimating and system design features found in its popular cousin � Carrier�s Hourly Analysis Program (HAP). By focusing on system design features, the HAP System Design Load program serves as a simpler, more efficient tool for those users only interested in system design; energy simulation features are omitted. Like the HAP program, HAP System Design Load provides the ease of use of a Windows-based graphical user interface and the computing power of modern 32-bit software. HAP System Design Load uses a system-based approach to HVAC load estimating. This approach tailors sizing procedures and results to the specific type of system being considered. A wide variety of equipment types

396

Force Modulator System  

SciTech Connect

Many metal parts manufacturers use large metal presses to shape sheet metal into finished products like car body parts, jet wing and fuselage surfaces, etc. These metal presses take sheet metal and - with enormous force - reshape the metal into a fully formed part in a manner of seconds. Although highly efficient, the forces involved in forming metal parts also damage the press itself, limit the metals used in part production, slow press operations and, when not properly controlled, cause the manufacture of large volumes of defective metal parts. To date, the metal-forming industry has not been able to develop a metal-holding technology that allows full control of press forces during the part forming process. This is of particular importance in the automotive lightweighting efforts under way in the US automotive manufacturing marketplace. Metalforming Controls Technology Inc. (MC2) has developed a patented press control system called the Force Modulator that has the ability to control these press forces, allowing a breakthrough in stamping process control. The technology includes a series of hydraulic cylinders that provide controlled tonnage at all points in the forming process. At the same time, the unique cylinder design allows for the generation of very high levels of clamping forces (very high tonnages) in very small spaces; a requirement for forming medium and large panels out of HSS and AHSS. Successful production application of these systems testing at multiple stamping operations - including Ford and Chrysler - has validated the capabilities and economic benefits of the system. Although this technology has been adopted in a number of stamping operations, one of the primary barriers to faster adoption and application of this technology in HSS projects is system cost. The cost issue has surfaced because the systems currently in use are built for each individual die as a custom application, thus driving higher tooling costs. This project proposed to better marry the die-specific Force Modulator technology with stamping presses in the form of a press cushion. This system would be designed to operate the binder ring for multiple parts, thus cutting the per-die cost of the technology. This study reports the results of technology field application. This project produced the following conclusions: (1) The Force Modulator system is capable of operating at very high tempos in the stamping environment; (2) The company can generate substantial, controlled holding tonnage (binder ring pressure) necessary to hold high strength steel parts for proper formation during draw operations; (3) A single system can be designed to operate with a family of parts, thus significantly reducing the per-die cost of a FM system; (4) High strength steel parts made with these systems appear to show significant quality improvements; (5) The amounts of steel required to make these parts is typically less than the amounts required with traditional blank-holding technologies; and (6) This technology will aid in the use of higher strength steels in auto and truck production, thus reducing weight and improving fuel efficiency.

Redmond Clark

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

Guidelines for Replacement Materials for Service Water Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many power plants have ordered replacement materials for service water system components such as piping and heat exchanger tubing, only to find that the replacement materials do not perform as expected. Plant personnel who believed they were procuring like-for-like materials are at a loss as to why more modern materials, and components fabricated from more modern materials, can often provide inferior service, compared to original equipment. This report from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) lo...

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

Definition: Transmission System Operator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability Coordinator References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine...

399

Hydrogen-like recombination x-ray laser experiments using a 20 picosecond laser pulse at the Nova facility  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen-like recombination X-ray lasers are currently under investigation as an alternative candidate to collisional pumped soft X-ray amplifiers. Efforts are being concentrated on the n = 3 to n = 2 transitions in H-like Mg and NaF. 5 refs., 1 fig.

Shephard, R.; Fields, D.; DaSilva, L.; Keane, C.; MacGowen, B.; Matthews, D.; Shimkaveg, G.; Stone, G.; Eder, D.; Osterheld, A.; Walling, R.; Young, B.K.F.; Fry, A.; Eckart, M.; Goldstein, W.; Stewart, R. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Charatis, G.; Busch, G. (KMS Fusion, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI (USA))

1991-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Trauma exposure, PTSD and psychotic-like symptoms in post-conflict Timor Leste: an epidemiological survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-like ideas. Br J Clin Psychol 2007, 46(Pt 2):187–201. 9. Freeman D, Fowler D: Routes to psychotic symptoms: trauma, anxiety and psychosis-like experiences. Psychiatry Res 2009, 169(2):107–112.10. Odenwald M, Hinkel H, Schauer E, Schauer M, Elbert T, Neuner F...

Soosay, Ian; Silove, Derrick; Bateman-Steel, Catherine; Steel, Zachary; Bebbington, Paul; Jones, Peter B; Chey, Tien; Ivancic, Lorraine; Marnane, Claire

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Free energy landscape of protein-like chains with discontinuous potentials Hanif Bayat Movahed, Ramses van Zon, and Jeremy Schofield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free energy landscape of protein-like chains with discontinuous potentials Hanif Bayat Movahed://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 136, 245103 (2012) Free energy landscape of protein-like chains, and allow a natural definition of a configuration by considering which beads are bonded. Free ener- gies

Schofield, Jeremy

402

Comparative analysis of GT14/GT14-like family genes in Arabidopsis, Oryza, Populus, Sorghum and Vitis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Glycosyltransferase family14 (GT14) belongs to the glycosyltransferase (GT) superfamily that plays important roles in the biosynthesis of cell walls, the most abundant source of cellulosic biomass for bioethanol production. It has been hypothesized that DUF266 proteins are a new class of GTs related to GT14. In this study, we identified 62 GT14 and 106 DUF266 genes (named GT14-like herein) in Arabidopsis, Oryza, Populus, Sorghum and Vitis. Our phylogenetic analysis separated GT14 and GT14-like genes into two distinct clades, which were further divided into eight and five groups, respectively. Similarities in protein domain, 3D structure and gene expression were uncovered between the two phylogenetic clades, supporting the hypothesis that GT14 and GT14-like genes belong to one family. Therefore, we proposed a new family name, GT14/GT14-like family that combines both subfamilies. Variation in gene expression and protein subcellular localization within the GT14-like subfamily were greater than those within the GT14 subfamily. One-half of the Arabidopsis and Populus GT14/GT14-like genes were found to be preferentially expressed in stem/xylem, indicating that they are likely involved in cell wall biosynthesis. This study provided new insights into the evolution and functional diversification of the GT14/GT14-like family genes.

Ye, Chuyu [ORNL; Li, Ting [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Yang, Xiaohan [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Low cost, single crystal-like substrates for practical, high efficiency solar cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well established that high efficiency (20%) solar cells can be routinely fabricated using single crystal photovoltaic (PV) materials with low defect densities. Polycrystalline materials with small grain sizes and no crystallographic texture typically result in reduced efficiences. This has been ascribed primarily to the presence of grain boundaries and their effect on recombination processes. Furthermore, lack of crystallographic texture can result in a large variation in dopant concentrations which critically control the electronic properties of the material. Hence in order to reproducibly fabricate high efficiency solar cells a method which results in near single crystal material is desirable. Bulk single crystal growth of PV materials is cumbersome, expensive and difficult to scale up. We present here a possible route to achieve this if epitaxial growth of photovoltaic materials on rolling-assisted-biaxially textured-substrates (RABiTS) can be achieved. The RABiTS process uses well-established, industrially scaleable, thermomechanical processing to produce a biaxially textured or single-crystal-like metal substrate with large grains (50-100 {mu}m). This is followed by epitaxial growth of suitable buffer layers to yield chemically and structurally compatible surfaces for epitaxial growth of device materials. Using the RABiTS process it should be possible to economically fabricate single-crystal-like substrates of desired sizes. Epitaxial growth of photovoltaic devices on such substrates presents a possible route to obtaining low-cost, high performance solar cells.

Goyal, A.; Specht, E.D.; List, F.A. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

“Structural Transformations in Ceramics: Perovskite-like Oxides and Group III, IV, and V Nitrides”  

SciTech Connect

1 Overview of Results and their Significance Ceramic perovskite-like oxides with the general formula (A. A0. ...)(B. B0. ...)O3and titanium-based oxides are of great technological interest because of their large piezoelectric and dielectric response characteristics.[1] In doped and nanoengineered forms, titantium dioxide finds increasing application as an organic and hydrolytic photocatalyst. The binary main-group-metal nitride compounds have undergone recent advancements of in-situ heating technology in diamond anvil cells leading to a burst of experimental and theoretical interest. In our DOE proposal, we discussed our unique theoretical approach which applies ab initio electronic calculations in conjunction with systematic group-theoretical analysis of lattice distortions to study two representative phase transitions in ceramic materials: (1) displacive phase transitions in primarily titanium-based perovskite-like oxide ceramics, and (2) reconstructive phase transitions in main-group nitride ceramics. A sub area which we have explored in depth is doped titanium dioxide electrical/optical properties.

James P. Lewis (PI, former Co-PI), Dorian M. Hatch (Co-PI, former PI), and Harold T. Stokes (Co-PI)

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Wolter-like high resolution x-ray imaging microscope for Rayleigh Taylor instabilities studies  

SciTech Connect

In the context of the inertial confinement fusion, experiments have been carried out on the Phebus laser facility to study the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities (RTIs) at the ablation front. Premodulated brominated plastic targets (25 {mu}m thick) with a modulation wavelength between 12 and 50 {mu}m were accelerated with a temporally shaped soft x-ray pulse emitted from a hohlraum with a maximum radiation temperature of about 115 eV. The RTI growth was measured by face-on radiography using a microscope coupled with an x-ray streak camera, which has spatial and temporal resolutions of about 5 {mu}m and 50 ps, respectively. The acceleration was derived from side-on velocity measurements. The microscope we have developed is a Wolter-like microscope which consists of two toroiedal mirrors. We will present the experimental and theoretical potentialities of this microscope: characterization with an x-ray generator and plasma laser x-ray source (Phebus facility) for two-dimensional (2D) and 1D time-resolved imaging studies. Spatial resolution of about 4 {mu}m was achieved in the 1-5 keV range. The Wolter-like constitutes an interesting device for laser plasma diagnostics and will be very useful in the Laser Megajoules experiments conducted with more powerful lasers.

Troussel, Ph.; Meyer, B.; Reverdin, R.; Angelier, B.; Lidove, G.; Salvatore, P.; Richard, A. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, DAM-Ile de France, BP 12, 91680 Bruyeres-les-Chatel (France); Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay 91191 (France); Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, CESTA, BP2, 33114 Le Barp (France)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Production of charged heavy quarkonium-like states at the LHC and the Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study prompt hadroproduction of the charged bottomonium-like states $Z_b^\\pm (10610)$ and $Z_b^\\pm (10650)$, and the charged charmonium-like states $Z_c^\\pm (3900)$ and $Z_c^\\pm (4020)$, at the Tevatron and the LHC, provided that these states are $S$-wave hadronic molecules. Using two Monte Carlo event generators, Herwig and Pythia, to simulate the production of heavy meson pairs, we derive an order-of-magnitude estimate of the production rates for these four particles. Our estimates yield a cross section at the nb level for the $Z_b(10610)$ and $Z_b(10650)$. The results for the $Z_c(3900)$ and $Z_c(4020)$ are larger by a factor of 20-30. These cross sections are large enough to be observed, and measurements at hadron colliders in the future will supplement the study using electron-positron collisions, and therefore allow to explore the mysterious nature of these exotic states.

Feng-Kun Guo; Ulf-G. Meißner; Wei Wang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Mechanical Design and Evaluation of the MP-11-Like Wire Scanner Prototype  

SciTech Connect

A wire scanner (WS) is a linearly actuated diagnostic device that uses fiber wires (such as Tungsten or Silicon Carbide) to obtain the position and intensity profile of the proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) particle accelerator. LANSCE will be installing approximately 86 new WS in the near future as part of the LANSCE Risk Mitigation project. These 86 new WS include the replacement of many current WS and some newly added to the current linear accelerator and other beam lines. The reason for the replacement and addition of WS is that many of the existing actuators have parts that are no longer readily available and are difficult to find, thus making maintenance very difficult. One of the main goals is to construct the new WS with as many commercially-available-off-the-shelf components as possible. In addition, faster beam scans (both mechanically and in term of data acquisition) are desired for better operation of the accelerator. This document outlines the mechanical design of the new MP-11-like WS prototype and compares it to a previously built and tested SNS-like WS prototype.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Jason P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Light Supersymmetric Higgs Sector Hidden by a Standard Model-like Higgs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extending the Higgs sector of the MSSM by triplets alleviates the little hierarchy problem and naturally allows for enhancements in the diphoton decay rate of the lightest CP-even Higgs h. In the present paper we analyze in detail the Higgs phenomenology of this theory with m_h~126 GeV. We mostly focus on a light Higgs sector where the pseudoscalar A, the next-to-lightest CP-even scalar H and the charged H^\\pm Higgses are naturally at the electroweak scale. It turns out that for any value m_A > m_h there is a parameter region at small tan(beta) where the CP-even Higgs sector appears at colliders as the SM one, except for loop-induced corrections. Notably the existence of this SM-like point, which is absent in the MSSM, is shared with supersymmetric theories where there are extra singlets. We also highlight a second parameter region at small m_A and small tan(beta) where the h signal strengths, diphoton channel included, are SM-like except those of bottoms and taus which can have at most a 10-15 % splitting. Improvements in the A and H^\\pm searches are worthwhile in order to discriminate this scenario from the SM.

Antonio Delgado; Germano Nardini; Mariano Quiros

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

409

Network-like propagation of cell-level stress in random foams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quasistatic simple shearing flow of random monodisperse soap froth is investigated by analyzing Surface Evolver simulations of spatially periodic foams. Elastic-plastic behavior is caused by irreversible topological rearrangements (T1s) that occur when Plateau's laws are violated; the first T1s occur at the elastic limit and at large strains frequent cascades of T1s, composed of one or more individual T1s, sustain the yield-stress plateau. The stress and shape anisotropy of individual cells is quantified by $Q$, a scalar measure derived from the interface tensor that gauges each cell's contribution to the global stress. During each T1 cascade, the connected set of cells with decreasing $Q$, called the \\textit{stress release domain}, is network-like and highly non-local. Geometrically, the network-like nature of the stress release domains is corroborated through morphological analysis using the Euler characteristic. The stress release domain is distinctly different from the set of cells that change topology during a T1 cascade. Our results highlight the unique rheological behavior of foams, where complex large-scale cooperative rearrangements of foam cells are observed as a consequence of distinctly local events.

Myfanwy E. Evans; Andrew M. Kraynik; Douglas A. Reinelt; Klaus Mecke; Gerd E. Schröder-Turk

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

410

Towards the Final State of Spherical Gravitational Collapse and Likely Source of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We invoke the global properties of the actual GTR field equations for spherical collapse to directly show that the condition for formation of trapped surfaces, 2GM/R >1 is not allowed by GTR. And therefore all singularity theorems based on the assumption of formation of trapped surfaces are invalidated! Our conclusion is in perfect agreement with Einstein's intuitive idea that a Sch. like surface can not occur in reality. Further as singularity is approached R ->0, in order that 2GM/R 0! Harrison, et al. had also pointed out that collapse should come to a decisive end with M=0. This is possible in GTR if the fluid radiates its entire original mass-energy during the relentless graviatational contraction process, Q->M c^2! Since the actual efficiency for gamma ray production by the relevant blast wave may hardly exceed 10-20% and there could be a stronger (undetected) nu-anti-nu burst precding GRBs, the actual energy released for GRB 990123, even accounting for probable weak beaming, or for GRB 971214 (unbeamed) could be ~10^{54-55} erg. And such energy release may not be properly accountable without realizing that trapped surfaces are indeed not formed. All authors concerned with this subject, and particularly those, who would like to differ with our derivation are requested to send their criticism either directly or express the same openly for a healthy scientific discussion.

Abhas Mitra

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

411

On a ”Robust ” A-like State of 3 He in Aerogel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The orbitally isotropic Equal Spin Pairing (ESP) state has been proposed in Ref. [1] as a candidate of an A-like phase of superfluid 3 He in aerogel environment. In order to preserve an exact isotropy of the state in the presence of the magnetic field the condensate with equal values of the amplitudes ?? ? and ?? ? was adopted. Experimentally it is established that this version does not reproduce observed splitting asymmetry of ESP phase in aerogel under the action of an external magnetic field. Here we explore the behavior of the quasi-isotropic version of an axiplanar ESP phase with ?? ? ? = ?? ? and show that for this state the splitting asymmetry ratio could be reconciled with experimental observations. In the past decade a problem of the structure of ordered (superfluid) states of liquid 3 He placed in a disordered medium (aerogel) has attached much attention. Recently it was pointed out in [1] that the A-like phase in aerogel, which undoubtedly belongs to an ESP category of spin-triplet condensates, should be different from an axially anisotropic ABM state because the presence of a spatial disorder lifts the degeneracy of this phase with respect to the orientation of orbital anisotropy axes ˆ l, thus preventing the establishment of 1 a true long-range order (see, also Ref.[2]). In Ref.[1] it has been proposed to start from ESP order parameter

G. A. Baramidze; G. A. Kharadze

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Radiative rates and electron impact excitation rate coefficients for Ne-like selenium, Se XXV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we report calculations of energy levels, radiative rates, electron impact collision strengths, and effective collision strengths for transitions among the 241 fine-structure levels arising from 2l{sup 8} and 2l{sup 7}n{sup '}l{sup '} (n{sup '{241 levels. The effective collision strengths are reported for all 28920 transitions among the 241 levels over a wide temperature range up to 10 keV. To assess the reliability and accuracy of the present collisional data, we have performed a 27-state close-coupling calculation, employing the Dirac R-matrix theory. The results from the close-coupling calculation and the independent-process calculation for the identical target states are found to be in good agreement. - Highlights: {yields} Radiative and collisional atomic data are presented for the lowest 241 fine-structure levels in Ne-like Se. {yields} Calculations are performed using the FAC package. {yields} Resonances enhance significantly a large amount of transitions. {yields} Radiative damping effects are significant for many transitions. {yields} Close-coupling effects are small in Ne-like Se.

Wang, K.; Chen, C.Y., E-mail: chychen@fudan.edu.cn; Huang, M.; Wang, Y.S.; Zou, Y.M.

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Experimental studies of adiabatic flow boiling in fractal-like branching microchannels  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results of adiabatic boiling of water flowing through a fractal-like branching microchannel network are presented and compared to numerical model simulations. The goal is to assess the ability of current pressure loss models applied to a bifurcating flow geometry. The fractal-like branching channel network is based on channel length and width ratios between adjacent branching levels of 2{sup -1/2}. There are four branching sections for a total flow length of 18 mm, a channel height of 150 {mu}m and a terminal channel width of 100 {mu}m. The channels were Deep Reactive Ion Etched (DRIE) into a silicon disk. A Pyrex disk was anodically bonded to the silicon to form the channel top to allow visualization of the flow within the channels. The flow rates ranged from 100 to 225 g/min and the inlet subcooling levels varied from 0.5 to 6 C. Pressure drop along the flow network and time averaged void fraction in each branching level were measured for each of the test conditions. The measured pressure drop ranged from 20 to 90 kPa, and the measured void fraction ranged from 0.3 to 0.9. The measured pressure drop results agree well with separated flow model predictions accounting for the varying flow geometry. The measured void fraction results followed the same trends as the model; however, the scatter in the experimental results is rather large. (author)

Daniels, Brian J.; Liburdy, James A.; Pence, Deborah V. [Mechanical Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97330 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Energy Systems Integration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Systems Integration Facility NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility Garners LEED Platinum View the NREL Press Release. NREL's multistory Energy Systems Integration...

415

Gasification Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GASIFICATION SYSTEMS GASIFICATION SYSTEMS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PLAN PREFACE ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any

416

Burner systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A burner system particularly useful for downhole deployment includes a tubular combustion chamber unit housed within a tubular coolant jacket assembly. The combustion chamber unit includes a monolithic tube of refractory material whose inner surface defines the combustion zone. A metal reinforcing sleeve surrounds and extends the length of the refractory tube. The inner surface of the coolant jacket assembly and outer surface of the combustion chamber unit are dimensioned so that those surfaces are close to one another in standby condition so that the combustion chamber unit has limited freedom to expand with that expansion being stabilized by the coolant jacket assembly so that compression forces in the refractory tube do not exceed about one-half the safe compressive stress of the material; and the materials of the combustion chamber unit are selected to establish thermal gradient parameters across the combustion chamber unit to maintain the refractory tube in compression during combustion system start up and cool down sequences.

Doherty, Brian J. (Marblehead, MA)

1984-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

417

CONTROL SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling water type nuclear reactor power system having improved means of control is described. These means include provisions for either heating the coolant-moderator prior to entry into the reactor or shunting the coolantmoderator around the heating means in response to the demand from the heat engine. These provisions are in addition to means for withdrawing the control rods from the reactor. (AEC)

Shannon, R.H.; Williamson, H.E.

1962-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

Gasification system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Gasification system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Modeling for Process Control: High-Dimensional Systems  

SciTech Connect

Most of other technologically important systems (among them, powders and other granular systems) are intrinsically nonlinear. This project is focused on building the dynamical models for granular systems as a prototype for nonlinear high-dimensional systems exhibiting complex non-equilibrium phenomena. Granular materials present a unique opportunity to study these issues in a technologically important and yet fundamentally interesting setting. Granular systems exhibit a rich variety of regimes from gas-like to solid-like depending on the external excitation. Based the combination of the rigorous asymptotic analysis, available experimental data and nonlinear signal processing tools, we developed a multi-scale approach to the modeling of granular systems from detailed description of grain-grain interaction on a micro-scale to continuous modeling of large-scale granular flows with important geophysical applications.

Lev S. Tsimring

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Integrated System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Window System Our research activities in the field of high performance windows have led us to conclude that even by using high performance insulating glass units, low conductivity frames, and warm edge spacers, there are still untapped sources for improving energy efficiency in the design and use of residential windows. While such high performance windows are a dramatic improvement over conventional units, they do not reduce conductive losses through wall framing around the window, offer guarantees against excessive wall/window infiltration nor do they adapt to the daily and seasonal potentials for night insulation and summer shading. To meet this need, we have been working on the design, development, and prototyping of Integrated Window Systems (IWS) since 1993. Integrated Window Systems are a form of panelized construction where the wall panel includes an operable or fixed window sash, recessed night insulation, integral solar shading, and is built in a factory setting in order to minimize thermal short circuits and infiltration at joints. IWSs can be built in modular lengths to facilitate their installation with conventional wood frame stick construction or other forms of panelized construction.

422

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimal gap width for double and triple glazing systems Optimal gap width for double and triple glazing systems Glazing systems in the US are commonly designed with a 1/2 " (12.7 mm) gap. The optimal gap width depends on many factors, such as gas fill (air, argon, krypton), the use of Low-e coatings, the environmental conditions (temperature difference across the window), and the calculation standard used. NFRC standard conditions are -18 C (-0.4 F) outside, and 21 C (69.8 F) inside. The calculation standard used in the US is based on the ISO 15099 standard. European standard conditions are 0 C (32 F) outside, and 20 C (68 F) inside. The calculation standard is based on the EN 673 standard. A number of common glazing configurations both with and without Low-e coatings, and with a variety of gas fills were evaluated using both the North American NFRC standard and the European EN 673 standard. All results were calculated using WINDOW 6.3 from LBNL. All IGU's (Insulated Glazing Units) have a standard height of 1 meter.

423

Braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

Norgren, D.U.

1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

424

Flow cytometer jet monitor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A direct jet monitor illuminates the jet of a flow cytometer in a monitor wavelength band which is substantially separate from the substance wavelength band. When a laser is used to cause fluorescence of the substance, it may be appropriate to use an infrared source to illuminate the jet and thus optically monitor the conditions within the jet through a CCD camera or the like. This optical monitoring may be provided to some type of controller or feedback system which automatically changes either the horizontal location of the jet, the point at which droplet separation occurs, or some other condition within the jet in order to maintain optimum conditions. The direct jet monitor may be operated simultaneously with the substance property sensing and analysis system so that continuous monitoring may be achieved without interfering with the substance data gathering and may be configured so as to allow the front of the analysis or free fall area to be unobstructed during processing.

Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Waste heat driven absorption refrigeration process and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Absorption cycle refrigeration processes and systems are provided which are driven by the sensible waste heat available from industrial processes and other sources. Systems are disclosed which provide a chilled water output which can be used for comfort conditioning or the like which utilize heat from sensible waste heat sources at temperatures of less than 170.degree. F. Countercurrent flow equipment is also provided to increase the efficiency of the systems and increase the utilization of available heat.

Wilkinson, William H. (Columbus, OH)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Components of systems software for parallel systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems software for clusters and other parallel systems affects multiple types of users. End users interact with it to submit and interact with application jobs and to avail themselves of scalable system tools. Systems administrators interact with it ...

Ewing Lusk

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Tropical Cyclone-like Vortices in a Limited Area Model: Comparison with Observed Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A climate simulation of a limited area model implemented over the Australian region is analyzed for the presence of low pressure systems that have some of the physical characteristics of tropical cyclones. The model is run at a horizontal ...

Kevin Walsh; Ian G. Watterson

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Outpatient physician billing data for age and setting specific syndromic surveillance of influenza-like illnesses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Syndromic surveillance is a novel automated approach to monitoring influenza activity, but there is no consensus regarding the most informative data sources for use within such a system. By comparing physician billing data from Quebec, Canada and hospital ... Keywords: ACIP, ARIMA, Age factors, Ambulatory care, CCF, CDC, ED, Epidemiology, ICD-9, ILI, Immunization programs, Influenza, Human, Medical Records Systems, Computerized, P&I, Population surveillance, RAMQ, RSV, Seasons, Syndrome

Emily H. Chan; Robyn Tamblyn; Katia M. L. Charland; David L. Buckeridge

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cost Comparison of Collaborative and IPD-like Project Delivery Methods Versus Competitive Non-collaborative Project Delivery Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative project delivery methods are believed to contribute to faster completions times, lower overall project costs and higher quality. Contracts are expected to influence the degree of collaboration on a given project since they allow or restrict certain lines of communication in the decision making process. Various delivery systems rank differently on the spectrum of collaboration. Because collaborative project delivery methods require owners and AEC stakeholders to meet frequently early in the delivery process, they are thought to add additional upfront costs to the project. The purpose of this study is to test if collaborative project delivery methods impart enough value so that the upfront cost incurred at the beginning of project is eventually surpassed by realized savings. Ideally, the extreme forms of project delivery methods, that is, Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) and Design-Bid-Build (DBB), should be compared to test the effects of collaboration on benefits to the owner. Due to difficulty in obtaining data on IPD and similarly scaled DBB projects, for this study, their close cousins, CM-at-Risk (CMR) and Competitive Sealed Proposal (CSP) were compared. The study engaged statistical comparison of cost of change orders and overall project cost performance of 17 CMR and 13 CSP projects of similar scales by same owner. Project cost performance observed under CMR projects was found significantly more than those under CSP. This study is expected to help boost confidence in the benefits of collaborative project delivery methods. It is likely that the results will encourage acceptance of IPD for public projects. Owners who were previously discouraged by the increased upfront cost of collaborative projects may also find interest in the results of this study.

Kulkarni, Aditi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials with very low thermal conductivity are of high interest for both thermoelectric and optical phase-change applications. Synthetic nanostructuring is most promising to suppress thermal conductivity by scattering phonons, but challenges remain in producing bulk samples. We show that in crystalline AgSbTe2, a spontaneously-forming nanostructure leads to a suppression of thermal conductivity to a glass-like level. Our mappings of phonon mean-free-paths provide a novel bottom- up microscopic account of thermal conductivity, and also reveal intrinsic anisotropies associated with the nanostructure. Ground-state degeneracy in AgSbTe2 leads to the natural formation of nanoscale domains with different orderings on the cation sublattice, and correlated atomic displacements, which efficiently scatter phonons. This mechanism is general and points to a new avenue in nano- scale engineering of materials, to achieve low thermal conductivities for efficient thermoelectric converters and phase-change memory devices.

Abernathy, Douglas L [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Ma, Jie [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL; Hong, Tao [ORNL; Tian, Wei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Upgrade of the infrared camera diagnostics for the JET ITER-like wall divertor  

SciTech Connect

For the new ITER-like wall at JET, two new infrared diagnostics (KL9B, KL3B) have been installed. These diagnostics can operate between 3.5 and 5 {mu}m and up to sampling frequencies of {approx}20 kHz. KL9B and KL3B image the horizontal and vertical tiles of the divertor. The divertor tiles are tungsten coated carbon fiber composite except the central tile which is bulk tungsten and consists of lamella segments. The thermal emission between lamellae affects the surface temperature measurement and therefore KL9A has been upgraded to achieve a higher spatial resolution (by a factor of 2). A technical description of KL9A, KL9B, and KL3B and cross correlation with a near infrared camera and a two-color pyrometer is presented.

Balboa, I.; Arnoux, G.; Kinna, D.; Thomas, P. D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Eich, T.; Sieglin, B.; Devaux, S.; Zeidner, W. [Max-Planck-IPP, EURATOM Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Morlock, C.; Kruezi, U.; Sergienko, G.; Rack, M. [Institut fuer Energie und Klimaforschung Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, EURATOM Association FZJ, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Collaboration: JET EFDA Contributors

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Screw Photon-Like (3+1)-Solitons in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present explicit photon-like (3+1) spatially finite soliton solutions of screw type to the vacuum field equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) in relativistic formulation. We begin with emphasizing the need for spatially finite soliton modelling of microobjects. Then we briefly comment the properties of solitons and photons and recall some facts from EED. Making use of the localizing functions from differential topology (used in the partition of unity) we explicitly construct spatially finite screw solutions. Further a new description of the spin momentum inside EED, based on the notion for energy-momentum exchange between $F$ and $*F$, isintroduced and used to compute the integral spin momentum of a screw soliton. The consistency between the spatial and time periodicity naturally leads to a particular relation between the longitudinal and transverse sizes of the screw solution, namely, it is equal to $\\pi$. The Planck's formula $E=h\

Donev, S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Screw Photon-Like (3+1)-Solitons in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present explicit photon-like (3+1) spatially finite soliton solutions of screw type to the vacuum field equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) in relativistic formulation. We begin with emphasizing the need for spatially finite soliton modelling of microobjects. Then we briefly comment the properties of solitons and photons and recall some facts from EED. Making use of the localizing functions from differential topology (used in the partition of unity) we explicitly construct spatially finite screw solutions. Further a new description of the spin momentum inside EED, based on the notion for energy-momentum exchange between $F$ and $*F$, isintroduced and used to compute the integral spin momentum of a screw soliton. The consistency between the spatial and time periodicity naturally leads to a particular relation between the longitudinal and transverse sizes of the screw solution, namely, it is equal to $\\pi$. The Planck's formula $E=h\

Stoil Donev

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

434

Chaotic physics in ferroelectrics hints at brain-like computing | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Morgan McCorkle Morgan McCorkle Oak Ridge National Laboratory 865-574-7308 Chaotic physics in ferroelectrics hints at brain-like computing Unexpected behavior in ferroelectric materials explored by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a new approach to information storage and processing known as memcomputing. Unexpected behavior in ferroelectric materials explored by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a new approach to information storage and processing known as memcomputing. (hi-res image) OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Nov. 18, 2013-Unexpected behavior in ferroelectric materials explored by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a new approach to information storage and processing. Ferroelectric materials are known for their ability to spontaneously switch

435

The place of the Sun among the Sun-like stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Monitoring of the photometric and chromospheric HK emission data series of stars similar to the Sun in age and average activity level showed that there is an empirical correlation between the average stellar chromospheric activity level and the photometric variability. In general, more active stars show larger photometric variability. Interestingly, the measurements and reconstructions of the solar irradiance show that the Sun is significantly less variable than indicated by the empirical relationship. Aims. We aim to identify possible reasons for the Sun to be currently outside of this relationship. Methods. We employed different scenarios of solar HK emission and irradiance variability and compared them with available time series of Sun-like stars. Results. We show that the position of the Sun on the diagram of photometric variability versus chromospheric activity changes with time. The present solar position is different from its temporal mean position as the satellite era of continuous solar irra...

Shapiro, A I; Cessateur, G; Rozanov, E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Can Human-Like Bots Control Collective Mood: Agent-Based Simulations of Online Chats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using agent-based modeling approach, in this paper, we study self-organized dynamics of interacting agents in the presence of chat Bots. Different Bots with tunable ``human-like'' attributes, which exchange emotional messages with agents, are considered, and collective emotional behavior of agents is quantitatively analysed. In particular, using detrended fractal analysis we determine persistent fluctuations and temporal correlations in time series of agent's activity and statistics of avalanches carrying emotional messages of agents when Bots favoring positive/negative affects are active. We determine the impact of Bots and identify parameters that can modulate it. Our analysis suggests that, by these measures, the emotional Bots induce collective emotion among interacting agents by suitably altering the fractal characteristics of the underlying stochastic process.Positive-emotion Bots are slightly more effective than the negative ones. Moreover, the Bots which are periodically alternating between positive a...

Tadic, Bosiljka

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Radiation reaction and renormalization for a photon-like charged particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A renormalization scheme which relies on energy-momentum and angular momentum balance equations is applied to the derivation of effective equation of motion for a massless point-like charge. Unlike the massive case, the rates of radiated energy-momentum and angular momentum tend to infinity whenever the source is accelerated. The external electromagnetic fields which do not change the velocity of the particle admit only its presence within the interaction area. The effective equation of motion is the equation on eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the electromagnetic tensor. The massless charges move along base line determined by the eigenvectors when the effective equation of motion possesses uniform solutions. It is interesting that the same solution arises in Rylov's model of magnetosphere of a rapidly rotating neutron star (pulsar).

Yurij Yaremko

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Burgers-like equation for spontaneous breakdown of the chiral symmetry in QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We link the spontaneous breakdown of chiral symmetry in Euclidean QCD to the collision of spectral shock waves in the vicinity of zero eigenvalue of Dirac operator. The mechanism, originating from complex Burger's-like equation for viscid, pressureless, one-dimensional flow of eigenvalues, is similar to recently observed weak-strong coupling phase transition in large $N_c$ Yang-Mills theory. The spectral viscosity is proportional to the inverse of the size of the random matrix that replaces the Dirac operator in the universal (ergodic) regime. We obtain the exact scaling function and critical exponents of the chiral phase transition for the averaged characteristic polynomial for $N_c \\ge3$ QCD. We reinterpret our results in terms of known properties of chiral random matrix models and lattice data.

Jean-Paul Blaizot; Maciej A. Nowak; Piotr Warcho?

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

439

The High-Z hydrogen-like atom: a model for polarized structure functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dirac equation offers a precise analytical description of relativistic two-particle bound states, when one of the constituent is very heavy and radiative corrections are neglected. Looking at the high-Z hydrogen-like atom in the infinite momentum frame and treating the electron as a "parton", various properties usually attributed to the quark distributions in the nucleon are tested, in particular: Bj{\\o}rken scaling; charge, helicity, transversity and momentum sum rules; existence of the parton sea; Soffer inequality; correlation between spin and transverse momentum (Sivers and Boer-Mulders effects); transverse displacement of the center-of-charge and its connection with the magnetic moment. Deep inelastic experiments with photon or positron beams at MeV energies, analogous to DIS or Drell-Yan reactions, are considered.

X. Artru; K. Benhizia

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

440

DC-like Phase Space Manipulation and Particle Acceleration Using Chirped AC Fields  

SciTech Connect

Waves in plasmas can accelerate particles that are resonant with the wave. A DC electric field also accelerates particles, but without a resonance discrimination, which makes the acceleration mechanism profoundly different. We investigate the effect on a Hamiltonian distribution of an accelerating potential waveform, which could, for example, represent the average ponderomotive effect of two counterpropagating electromagnetic waves. In particular, we examine the apparent DC-like time-asymptotic response of the distribution in regimes where the potential structure is accelerated adiabatically. A highly resonant population within the distribution is always present, and we characterize its nonadiabatic response during wave-particle resonance using an integral method in the noninertial reference frame moving with the wave. Finally, we show that in the limit of infinitely slow acceleration of the wave, these highly resonant particles disappear and the response

P.F. Schmit and N.J. Fisch

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sinode systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Lateral Transfer of a Lectin-Like Antifreeze Protein Gene in Fishes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fishes living in icy seawater are usually protected from freezing by endogenous antifreeze proteins (AFPs) that bind to ice crystals and stop them from growing. The scattered distribution of five highly diverse AFP types across phylogenetically disparate fish species is puzzling. The appearance of radically different AFPs in closely related species has been attributed to the rapid, independent evolution of these proteins in response to natural selection caused by sea level glaciations within the last 20 million years. In at least one instance the same type of simple repetitive AFP has independently originated in two distant species by convergent evolution. But, the isolated occurrence of three very similar type II AFPs in three distantly related species (herring, smelt and sea raven) cannot be explained by this mechanism. These globular, lectin-like AFPs have a unique disulfide-bonding pattern, and share up to 85 % identity in their amino acid sequences, with regions of even higher identity in their genes. A thorough search of current databases failed to find a homolog in any other species with greater than 40 % amino acid sequence identity. Consistent with this result, genomic Southern blots showed the lectin-like AFP gene was absent from all other fish species tested. The remarkable conservation of both intron and exon sequences, the lack of correlation between evolutionary distance and mutation rate, and the pattern of silent vs non-silent codon changes make it unlikely that the gene for this AFP pre-existed but was lost from most branches of the teleost radiation. We propose instead that lateral gene transfer has resulted in the occurrence of the type II AFPs in herring, smelt and sea raven and

Laurie A. Graham; Stephen C. Lougheed; K. Vanya Ewart; Peter L. Davies

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

QU Car: a very high luminosity nova-like binary with a carbon-enriched companion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QU Car is listed in cataclysmic variable star catalogues as a nova-like variable. This little-studied, yet bright interacting binary is re-appraised here in the light of new high-quality ultraviolet (UV) interstellar line data obtained with STIS on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The detection of a component of interstellar absorption at a mean LSR velocity of $-$14 km s$^{-1}$ indicates that the distance to QU Car may be $\\sim$2 kpc or more -- a considerable increase on the previous lower-limiting distance of 500 pc. If so, the bolometric luminosity of QU Car could exceed $10^{37}$ ergs s$^{-1}$. This would place this binary in the luminosity domain occupied by known compact-binary supersoft X-ray sources. Even at a 500 pc, QU Car appears to be the most luminous nova-like variable known. New intermediate dispersion optical spectroscopy of QU Car spanning 3800--7000 \\AA is presented. These data yield the discovery that C{\\sc iv} $\\lambda\\lambda$5801,12 is present as an unusually prominent emission line in an otherwise low-contrast line spectrum. Using measurements of this and other lines in a recombination line analysis, it is shown that the C/He abundance as proxied by the n(C$^{4+}$)/n(He$^{2+}$) ratio may be as high as 0.06 (an order of magnitude higher than the solar ratio). Furthermore, the C/O abundance ratio is estimated to be greater than 1. These findings suggest that the companion in QU Car is a carbon star. If so, it would be the first example of a carbon star in such a binary. An early-type R star best matches the required abundance pattern and could escape detection at optical wavelengths provided the distance to QU Car is $\\sim$2 kpc or more.

J. E. Drew; L. E. Hartley; K. S. Long; J. van der Walt

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

443

AP Theory III: Cone-like Graded SUSY, Dynamic Dark Energy and the YM Millenium Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Artin Presentation Theory, (AP Theory), is a new, direct infusion, via pure braid theory, of discrete group theory, (i.e., symmetry in its purest form), into the theory of {\\it smooth} 4-manifolds, (i.e.,$(3+1)$-Quantum Gravity in its purest topological form), thus exhibiting the most basic, rigorous, universal, model-free intrinsic {\\it gauge-gravity} duality in a non-infinitesimal, cone-like graded, as holographic as possible, model-independent, non-perturbative, background-independent, parameter-free manner. {\\it In AP Theory even smooth topology change becomes gauge-theoretic, setting the stage for a rigorous smooth topological $(3+1)$-QFT of Dynamic Dark Energy.} In this theory, the rigid $\\infty$ of the dimension of classical Hilbert space is substituted by the dynamic $\\infty$ of the $\\infty$ generation at each stage of a cone-like graded subgroup of topology-changing transitions/interactions. As a corollary, the Cosmological Constant problem and the YM Millenium Mass Gap problem, two of the most perplexing main problems of modern physics, become rigorously, intimately mathematically related, by having the same qualitative {\\it dynamical} roots. Ultimately our main point is meta-mathematical, as far as modern physics is concerned: due to the discrete group-theoretic conceptual simplicity of the theory, with its group-theoretic 'Planckian membrane/discreteness' starting point, {\\it the fact that it is not just a mere mathematical model,} and all its properties above, any other {\\it mathematically rigorous} approach has to built on AP Theory and be topologically absorbed and enveloped by it.

H. E. Winkelnkemper

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

444

Controllable synthesis of a novel hedgehog-like core/shell structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel hedgehog-like core/shell structure, consisting of a high density of vertically aligned graphene sheets and a thin graphene shell/a copper core (VGs-GS/CC), has been synthesized via a simple one-step synthesis route using radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD). Scanning and transmission electron microscopy investigations show that the morphology of this core/shell material could be controlled by deposition time. For a short deposition time, only multilayer graphene shell tightly surrounds the copper particle, while as the deposition time is relative long, graphene sheets extend from the surface of GS/CC. The GS can protect CC particles from oxidation. The growth mechanism for the obtained GS/CC and VGs-GS/CC has been revealed. Compared to VGs, VGs-GS/CC material exhibits a better electron field emission property. This investigation opens a possibility for designing a core/shell structure of different carbon-metal hybrid materials for a wide variety of practical applications. - Graphical abstract: With increasing deposition time, graphene sheets extend from the surface of GS/CC, causing the multilayer graphene encapsulated copper to be converted into vertically aligned graphene sheets-graphene shell/copper core structure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A novel hedgehog-like core/shell structure has been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The structure consists of vertical graphene sheets-graphene shell and copper core. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The morphology of VGs-GS/CC can be controlled by choosing a proper deposition time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer With increasing deposition time, graphene sheets extend from the surface of GS/CC. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer VGs-GS/CC exhibits a better electron field emission property as compared with VGs.

Wang Shumin; Tian Hongwei; Pei Yanhui; Meng Qingnan; Chen Jianli; Wang Huan; Zeng Yi [Department of Materials Science, Key Laboratory of Mobile Materials, MOE, and State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Zheng Weitao, E-mail: wtzheng@jlu.edu.cn [Department of Materials Science, Key Laboratory of Mobile Materials, MOE, and State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Liu Yichun [Center for Advanced Optoelectronic Functional Materials Research and Key Laboratory for UV-Emitting Materials and Technology of Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmin Street, Changchun 130024 (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Small geothermal electric systems for remote powering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes conditions and costs at which quite small (100 to 1,000 kilowatt) geothermal systems could be used for off-grid powering at remote locations. This is a first step in a larger process of determining locations and conditions at which markets for such systems could be developed. The results suggest that small geothermal systems offer substantial economic and environmental advantages for powering off-grid towns and villages. Geothermal power is most likely to be economic if the system size is 300 kW or greater, down to reservoir temperatures of 100{degree}C. For system sizes smaller than 300 kW, the economics can be favorable if the reservoir temperature is about 120{degree}C or above. Important markets include sites remote from grids in many developing and developed countries. Estimates of geothermal resources in many developing countries are shown.

Entingh, Daniel J.; Easwaran, Eyob.; McLarty, Lynn

1994-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

446

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glazing Systems Glazing Systems Using Non-Structural Center Glazing Layers Windows in the United States use aproximately 2 quads a year in heating energy, approximately one third of all building space heating energy used and the largest single end use attributed to windows. Even if all existing windows were replaced with todayÂ’s ENERGY STAR low-e products (U values < 0.35 Btu/hr-ft2-F), windows related heating would still be over 1 Quad. Because heating loads are strongly tied to conductive losses, technologies which lead to lower window U-factors are the key to reducing heating energy. A 0.1 Btu/hr-ft2-F window is targeted as a product, which will meet the requirements of zero-energy homes. Dynamic control of solar gains will further reduce heating needs by allowing winter solar heat gains to be effectively utilized while limiting cooling season gains. Significant cooling load savings can also be expected from lower U-factor windows in certain climates and from dynamic windows in all climates.

447

Energy Basics: Cooling Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

or "swamp cooling" provides an experience like air conditioning, but with much lower energy use. An evaporative cooler uses the outside air's heat to evaporate water inside the...

448

Transfer system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transport system includes a traveling rail (1) which constitutes a transport route and a transport body (3) which is capable of traveling on the traveling rail in the longitudinal direction of the traveling rail. Flexible drive tubes (5) are arranged on the traveling rail in the longitudinal direction of the traveling rail. The transport body includes a traveling wheel (4) which is capable of rolling on the traveling rail and drive wheels (2) which are capable of rolling on the drive tubes upon receiving the rotational drive power generated by pressure of a pressure medium supplied to the drive tubes while depressing the drive tubes. The traveling rail includes a plurality of transport sections and the transport body is capable of receiving a rotational drive force from the drive tubes at every transport sections. If necessary, a transport route changeover switch which changes over the transport route can be provided between the transport sections.

Kurosawa, Kanji (Tokyo, JP); Koga, Bunichiro (Miyagi, JP); Ito, Hideki (Miyagi, JP); Kiriyama, Shigeru (Miyagi, JP); Higuchi, Shizuo (Kanagawa, JP)

2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

449

Battery system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a battery system for use with a battery powered device. It comprises a battery pack, the battery pack including; battery cells; positive and negative terminals serially coupled to the battery cells, the positive terminal being adapted to deliver output current to a load and receive input current in the direction of charging current; circuit means coupled to the positive and negative terminals and producing at an analog output terminal an analog output signal related to the state of charge of the battery cells; and display means separate from the battery pack and the battery powered device and electrically coupled to the analog output terminal for producing a display indicating the state of charge of the battery cells in accordance with the analog output signal.

Sokira, T.J.

1991-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Demon-like Algorithmic Quantum Cooling and its Realization with Quantum Optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The simulation of low-temperature properties of many-body systems remains one of the major challenges in theoretical and experimental quantum information science. We present, and demonstrate experimentally, a universal cooling method which is applicable to any physical system that can be simulated by a quantum computer. This method allows us to distill and eliminate hot components of quantum states, i.e., a quantum Maxwell's demon. The experimental implementation is realized with a quantum-optical network, and the results are in full agreement with theoretical predictions (with fidelity higher than 0.978). These results open a new path for simulating low-temperature properties of physical and chemical systems that are intractable with classical methods.

Jin-Shi Xu; Man-Hong Yung; Xiao-Ye Xu; Sergio Boixo; Zheng-Wei Zhou; Chuan-Feng Li; Alán Aspuru-Guzik; Guang-Can Guo

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Demon-like Algorithmic Quantum Cooling and its Realization with Quantum Optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The simulation of low-temperature properties of many-body systems remains one of the major challenges in theoretical and experimental quantum information science. We present, and demonstrate experimentally, a universal cooling method which is applicable to any physical system that can be simulated by a quantum computer. This method allows us to distill and eliminate hot components of quantum states, i.e., a quantum Maxwell's demon. The experimental implementation is realized with a quantum-optical network, and the results are in full agreement with theoretical predictions (with fidelity higher than 0.978). These results open a new path for simulating low-temperature properties of physical and chemical systems that are intractable with classical methods.

Xu, Jin-Shi; Xu, Xiao-Ye; Boixo, Sergio; Zhou, Zheng-Wei; Li, Chuan-Feng; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán; Guo, Guang-Can

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

16th International Conference in Quantum ChromoDynamics: Charmonium-like states at BaBar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new results on charmonium-like states from the BaBar experiment located at the PEP-II asymmetric energy $e^+e^-$ collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Elisa Fioravanti

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

Nonhydrostatic, Three-Dimensional Perturbations to Balanced, Hurricane-like Vortices. Part I: Linearized Formulation, Stability, and Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the first of two parts, the dynamics of linearized perturbations to hurricane-like vortices are studied. Unlike previous studies, which are essentially two-dimensional or assume that the perturbations are quasi-balanced, the ...

David S. Nolan; Michael T. Montgomery

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Moist Static Energy Budget of MJO-like Disturbances in the Atmosphere of a Zonally Symmetric Aquaplanet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO)-like spectral feature is observed in the time–space spectra of precipitation and column-integrated moist static energy (MSE) for a zonally symmetric aquaplanet simulated with Superparameterized Community ...

Joseph Allan Andersen; Zhiming Kuang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Structural and functional analyses of minimal phosphopeptides targeting the polo-box domain of polo-like kinase 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) has a pivotal role in cell proliferation and is considered a potential target for anticancer therapy. The noncatalytic polo-box domain (PBD) of Plk1 forms a phosphoepitope binding module for ...

Yun, Sang-Moon

456

Predictability of a Mediterranean Tropical-Like Storm Downstream of the Extratropical Transition of Hurricane Helene (2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extratropical transition (ET) of a tropical cyclone is known as a source of forecast uncertainty that can propagate far downstream. The present study focuses on the predictability of a Mediterranean tropical-like storm (Medicane) on 26 ...

Florian P. Pantillon; Jean-Pierre Chaboureau; Patrick J. Mascart; Christine Lac

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Physicochemical characterization of PEG-based comb-like amphiphilic copolymer structures for possible imaging and therapeutic applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comb-like copolymer structures, also known as graft/comb copolymers, have obtained a significant amount of attention in biomedical and industrial applications because of their unique compositional flexibility, which can ...

Dawson, Jin Zhou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The Effect of Satellite Observing System Changes on MERRA Water and Energy Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Like all reanalysis efforts, the Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) must contend with an inhomogeneous observing network. Here the effects of the two most obvious observing system epoch changes, the Advanced ...

Franklin R. Robertson; Michael G. Bosilovich; Junye Chen; Timothy L. Miller

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Evolution of a Quasi-Linear Convective System Sampled by Phased Array Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2010, a quasi-linear convective system (QLCS) moved eastward through Oklahoma during the early morning hours. Wind damage in Rush Springs, Oklahoma, approached (enhanced Fujita) EF1-scale intensity and was likely associated with a ...

Jennifer F. Newman; Pamela L. Heinselman

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Sensitivity of Forecast Rainfall in a Texas Convective System to Soil Moisture and Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of soil moisture on the forecast of a small-scale convective system, and sensitivity of results to the convective parameterization used, are investigated through Eta Model simulations (run in an operational-like setting) of a ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Extending and automating a systems-theoretic hazard analysis for requirements generation and analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) is a powerful new hazard analysis method designed to go beyond traditional safety techniques-such as Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)-that overlook important causes of accidents like ...

Thomas, John P., IV

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

H?Otel : a new model for integrating water systems and coastal architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the Industrial Era, "dams, water towers, sewage systems, and the like were celebrated as glorious icons, carefully designed, ornamented, and prominently located in the city, testifying to the modern promise of ...

Brown, Danielle C. (Danielle Collinsworth)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A quantitative evaluation of fixed-pattern noise reduction methods in imaging systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fixed-pattern noise is a common feature in several uncalibrated imaging systems, and it typically appears as striping and grid-like nonuniformity artifacts in hyperspectral and infrared cameras. In this work, we present a quantitative and comparative ...

Pablo Meza; César San Martin; Esteban Vera; Sergio Torres

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

An Efficient and Accurate Car-Parrinello-like Approach to Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method which combines Car-Parrinello and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in order to accelerate density functional theory based ab-initio simulations. Depending on the system a gain in efficiency of one to two orders of magnitude has been observed, which allows ab-initio molecular dynamics of much larger time and length scales than previously thought feasible. It will be demonstrated that the dynamics is correctly reproduced and that high accuracy can be maintained throughout for systems ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even to metals in condensed phases. This development considerably extends the scope of ab-initio simulations.

Thomas D. Kühne; Matthias Krack; Fawzi R. Mohamed; Michele Parrinello

2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

465

Environmental Management System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video Community, Environment Environmental Stewardship Environmental Protection Environmental Management System Environmental Management System An Environmental...

466

Systems Infrastructure (SYS 18)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networked Sensing Systems Infrastructure John Hicks, Karencomponents The Systems Infrastructure team assembles, tests,

Richard Guy; John Hicks; Karen Weeks

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

SYS 5: Systems Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networked Sensing Systems Infrastructure Kevin Chang, Johnnents The Systems Infrastructure team assembles, tests, and

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Hydraulic turbine governing system identification using T-S fuzzy model optimized by chaotic gravitational search algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydraulic turbine governing system (HTGS) is a complicated nonlinear system that controls the frequency and power output of hydroelectric generating unit (HGU). The modeling of HTGS is an important and difficult task, because some components, like hydraulic ... Keywords: Chaotic gravitational search algorithm, Fuzzy c-regression model, Heuristic algorithms, Hydraulic turbine governing system, System identification, Takagi-Sugeno model

Chaoshun Li, Jianzhong Zhou, Jian Xiao, Han Xiao

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

OS X Exploits and Defense: Own it...Just Like Windows or Linux!  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Threats to Macintosh's OS X operating system are increasing in sophistication and number. Whether it is the exploitation of an increasing number of holes, use of rootkits for post compromise concealment or distributed denial of service, knowing how the ... Keywords: Security

Paul Baccas; Kevin Finisterre; Larry H.; David Harley; Gary Porteus; Chris Hurley; Johnny Long

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Tile-based QCA design using majority-like logic primitives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of circuits and systems in Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) is still in infancy. The basic logic primitive in QCA is the majority voter (MV), that is not a universal function; so, inverters (INV) are also required. Blocks (referred to as ... Keywords: QCA, emerging technologies, processing-by-wire

J. Huang; M. Momenzadeh; L. Schiano; M. Ottavi; F. Lombardi

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Short-lived binary splits of an excited projectile-like fragment induced by transient deformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aligned fragment emission associated with peripheral and midperipheral dissipative collisions of {sup 124}Xe+{sup 124}Sn at E/A=50 MeV is examined. Binary decay of the excited projectile-like fragment (PLF*) is correlated with significant velocity damping from the projectile velocity. Both a forward emission component, attributed to standard statistical emission, and a backward component are observed. The backward component arises from both statistical and dynamical decay processes. This backward component manifests a strong alignment with the direction of the PLF* velocity and is found to depend sensitively on the atomic number of the light fragment, Z{sub L}, and the velocity of the PLF{sup *}. The yield of the backward component is significantly enhanced relative to the forward component. The composition of fragments emitted in the backward direction reveals that a correlation between alignment and neutron excess exists for fragments with Z<8. From the measured asymmetry of the angular distributions, the angular distribution for dynamical fragment emission is deduced. Comparison with a schematic one-dimensional Langevin model allows extraction of both the magnitude and the dependence on Z{sub L} of the transient initial deformation of the PLF*. Fragment emission times of the order of 0.25-1.5x10{sup -21} s are extracted.

McIntosh, A. B.; Hudan, S.; Black, J.; Mercier, D.; Metelko, C. J.; Yanez, R.; Souza, R. T. de; Chbihi, A.; Famiano, M.; Fregeau, M. O.; Gauthier, J.; Moisan, J.; Roy, R.; Bianchin, S.; Schwarz, C.; Trautmann, W. [Department of Chemistry and Indiana University Cyclotron Facility 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); GANIL, Caen (France); Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan (United States); Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); GSI Helmholtzzentrum GmbH, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Load partitioning in honycomb-like silicon carbide aluminum alloy composites.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 50/50 vol.% Al/SiC composite was made via melt infiltration of an aluminum alloy into a porous beech wood-derived SiC preform. The honeycomb-like composite microstructure consisted of an interconnected SiC phase surrounding discrete Al 'fibers' aligned in the growth direction of the beech wood. High energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction was used to measure the volume averaged lattice strains in both the SiC and Al phases during in situ compressive loading up to an applied stress of -530MPa. Load transfer from the Al to the SiC was observed, and the Al yielded at an applied stress of above -213MPa. The elastic behavior of the composite was modeled with both an isostrain rule of mixtures calculation and variational bounds for the effective elastic modulus. Furthermore, calculations of the von Mises effective stress of the SiC and Al phases showed that the wood-derived SiC was a more effective reinforcement than either SiC particle- or whisker-reinforced composites.

Wikes, T. E.; Harder, B. J.; Almer, J. D.; Faber, K. T.; Northwestern Univ.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Characterization of Laccase-like Multicopper Oxidases (LMCOs) in Arabidopsis thaliana  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laccase-like multicopper oxidases (LMCOs) have repeatedly been associated with the process of lignification in plants, and previous work suggested that these enzymes might be acting as specific marker for highly localized, small-scale lignification events in tissues not typically thought of as lignified. However, plant LMCOs typically occur as members of gene families and different family members can display disparate enzyme activities and overlapping patterns of expression in bulk tissues. This study used reporter genes and knockout mutants to document the involvement of a specific Arabidopsis thaliana LMCO family member (At2g30210 ) in early root development, specifically with development of endodermal tissues. Expression of the gene product was found to be under the control of sucrose levels, but the gene also responded to fluctuations in salt concentrations. The expression patterns of this gene were consistent with its involvement in the formation of suberin in the Casparian strip of root endodermis. An additional LMCO (At5g58910) displayed a more generalized expression in the radicles emergent seedlings. Additional members of the Arabidopsis LMCO family (At2g29130, At5g01190, and At5g05390) were also investigated with reporter gene constructs and knockout mutants. Expression of these LMCOs was associated with lignifying xylem, and the genes had over-lapping expression. Single knockout mutants did not display obvious phenotypes, suggesting that the gene products might have degenerate functionality that could compensate for loss of a single LMCO function.

Jeffrey F.D. Dean

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

474

A new visible spectroscopy diagnostic for the JET ITER-like wall main chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In preparation for ITER, JET has been upgraded with a new ITER-like wall (ILW), whereby the main plasma facing components, previously of carbon, have been replaced by mainly Be in the main chamber and W in the divertor. As part of the many diagnostic enhancements, a new, survey, visible spectroscopy diagnostic has been installed for the characterization of the ILW. An array of eight lines-of-sight (LOS) view radially one of the two JET neutral beam shine through areas (W coated carbon fibre composite tiles) at the inner wall. In addition, one vertical LOS views the solid W tile at the outer divertor. The light emitted from the plasma is coupled to a series of compact overview spectrometers, with overall wavelength range of 380-960 nm and to one high resolution Echelle overview spectrometer covering the wavelength range 365-720 nm. The new survey diagnostic has been absolutely calibrated in situ by means of a radiometric light source placed inside the JET vessel in front of the whole optical path and operated by remote handling. The diagnostic is operated in every JET discharge, routinely monitoring photon fluxes from intrinsic and extrinsic impurities (e.g., Be, C, W, N, and Ne), molecules (e.g., BeD, D{sub 2}, ND) and main chamber and divertor recycling (typically D{alpha}, D{beta}, and D{gamma}). The paper presents a technical description of the diagnostic and first measurements during JET discharges.

Maggi, C. F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Brezinsek, S. [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, EURATOM Association, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Stamp, M. F.; Griph, S.; Heesterman, P.; Hogben, C.; Horton, A.; Meigs, A.; Studholme, W.; Zastrow, K.-D. [EURATOM/CCFE, Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Morlock, C. [EFDA-CSU Garching, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Constraints on chameleons and axion-like particles from the GammeV experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the most recent results of both aspects of the GammeV experiment. The first aspect is a search for axion-like particles using a variable baseline, "light-shining-through-a-wall" technique. This search excludes the particle interpretation of the PVLAS signal with high confidence. The second aspect of the GammeV experiment is a search for chameleon particles, scalar particles which may be responsible for the dark energy of the universe. This is accomplished by looking for a characteristic afterglow signature from a "particle-in-a-jar" experiment whereby chameleon particles become trapped in a region with a high magnetic field and slowly decay into detectable photons. This is the first use of this experimental technique to probe for these particles. We place interesting limits on a limited range of general chameleon models. These limits are complimentary to other experiments, such as torsion pendulum experiments, which probe for forces that would result from new scalar particles.

Steffen, Jason H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

CHARACTERIZING THE FORMATION HISTORY OF MILKY WAY LIKE STELLAR HALOS WITH MODEL EMULATORS  

SciTech Connect

We use the semi-analytic model ChemTreeN, coupled to cosmological N-body simulations, to explore how different galaxy formation histories can affect observational properties of Milky Way like galaxies' stellar halos and their satellite populations. Gaussian processes are used to generate model emulators that allow one to statistically estimate a desired set of model outputs at any location of a p-dimensional input parameter space. This enables one to explore the full input parameter space orders of magnitude faster than could be done otherwise. Using mock observational data sets generated by ChemTreeN itself, we show that it is possible to successfully recover the input parameter vectors used to generate the mock observables if the merger history of the host halo is known. However, our results indicate that for a given observational data set, the determination of 'best-fit' parameters is highly susceptible to the particular merger history of the host. Very different halo merger histories can reproduce the same observational data set, if the 'best-fit' parameters are allowed to vary from history to history. Thus, attempts to characterize the formation history of the Milky Way using these kind of techniques must be performed statistically, analyzing large samples of high-resolution N-body simulations.

Gomez, Facundo A.; O'Shea, Brian W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Coleman-Smith, Christopher E. [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Tumlinson, Jason [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wolpert, Robert L. [Department of Statistical Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0251 (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Selective electrodiffusion of zinc ions in a Zrt-, Irt-like protein, ZIPB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All living cells need zinc ions to support cell growth. Zrt-, Irt-like proteins (ZIPs) represent a major route for entry of zinc ions into cells, but how ZIPs promote zinc uptake has been unclear. Here we report the molecular characterization of ZIPB from Bordetella bronchiseptica, the first ZIP homolog to be purified and functionally reconstituted into proteoliposomes. Zinc flux through ZIPB was found to be nonsaturable and electrogenic, yielding membrane potentials as predicted by the Nernst equation. Conversely, membrane potentials drove zinc fluxes with a linear voltage-flux relationship. Direct measurements of metal uptake by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy demonstrated that ZIPB is selective for two group 12 transition metal ions, Zn{sup 2+} and Cd{sup 2+}, whereas rejecting transition metal ions in groups 7 through 11. Our results provide the molecular basis for cellular zinc acquisition by a zinc-selective channel that exploits in vivo zinc concentration gradients to move zinc ions into the cytoplasm.

Lin, W.; Fu, D.; Chai, J.; Love, J.

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

478

Factors influencing the microwave pulse duration in a klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we analyze the factors that affect the microwave pulse duration in a klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO), including the diode voltage, the guiding magnetic field, the electron beam collector, the extraction cavity, and the gap between the electron beam and the slow wave structure (SWS). The results show that the microwave pulse duration increases with the diode voltage until breakdown occurs on the surface of the extraction cavity. The pulse duration at low guiding magnetic field is generally 5-10 ns smaller than that at high magnetic field due to the asymmetric electron emission and the larger energy spread of the electron beam. The electron beam collector can affect the microwave pulse duration significantly because of the anode plasma generated by bombardment of the electron beam on the collector surface. The introduction of the extraction cavity only slightly changes the pulse duration. The decrease of the gap between the electron beam and the SWS can increase the microwave pulse duration greatly.

Xiao Renzhen; Zhang Xiaowei; Zhang Ligang; Li Xiaoze; Zhang Lijun [National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)