Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

2

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

3

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

4

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Element One, Inc. Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when detecting hydrogen and other hazardous gas leaks, either reversibly or non-reversibly, to provide both current and historical information about leaks. Element One's patented gas indicators and sensors use catalyzed thin films or nanoparticles of a transition metal oxide to create very low cost sensors for use in industrial and consumer environments, greatly reducing the potential for undetected leaks and their cost and safety implications. This technology is also being integrated for use in refineries, industry gas and fuel cells systems and was developed using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

5

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7AC Technologies, Inc. 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 498 likes 7AC Technologies, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, is developing Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems for Commercial and Industrial buildings using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. These Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems deliver a 50 to 75 percent reduction in energy usage over conventional HVAC units. The system consists of a membrane conditioner responsible for drying and cooling the air and a heat-driven regenerator. The liquid desiccant design allows for the utilization of solar or waste heat sources, paving the way for net-zero energy retrofits to existing buildings with costs comparable to conventional HVAC. Learn More Borla Performance Industries, Inc. Oak Ridge National Laboratory

6

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., based in Belmont, California, uses Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes (DTEM) to enable imaging of nanoscale objects, such as proteins, thin films and nanoparticles at unprecedented time scales and frame rates. By utilizing a laser-driven electron source, DTEMs are able to produce short bursts of electrons that can form an image with nanometer resolution in as little as 10 nanoseconds. This enables observation of dynamics in material systems that play an important role in a wide range of energy technologies, including battery electrodes, petroleum catalysts, solar cell materials, and organisms for bio fuel growth. Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions uses technology

7

Atmospheric Plasma Deposition of Diamond-like Carbon Coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is great demand for thin functional coatings in the semiconductor, optics, electronics, medical, automotive and aerospace industries [1-13]. As fabricated components become smaller and more complex, the properties of the materials’ surface take on greater importance. Thin coatings play a key role in tailoring surfaces to give them the desired hardness, wear resistance, chemical inertness, and electrical characteristics. Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings possess an array of desirable properties, including outstanding abrasion and wear resistance, chemical inertness, hardness, a low coefficient of friction and exceptionally high dielectric strength [14-22]. Diamond-like carbon is considered to be an amorphous material, containing a mixture of sp2 and sp3 bonded carbon. Based on the percentage of sp3 carbon and the hydrogen content, four different types of DLC coatings have been identified: tetrahedral carbon (ta-C), hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) hard, a-C:H soft, and hydrogenated tetrahedral carbon (ta-C:H) [20,24,25]. Possessing the highest hardness of 80 GPa, ta-C possesses an sp3 carbon content of 80 to 88u%, and no appreciable hydrogen content whereas a-C:H soft possesses a hardness of less than 10 GPa, contains an sp3 carbon content of 60% and a hydrogen content between 30 to 50%. Methods used to deposit DLC coatings include ion beam deposition, cathodic arc spray, pulsed laser ablation, argon ion sputtering, and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition [73-83]. Researchers contend that several advantages exist when depositing DLC coatings in a low-pressure environment. For example, ion beam processes are widely utilized since the ion bombardment is thought to promote denser sp3-bonded carbon networks. Other processes, such as sputtering, are better suited for coating large parts [29,30,44]. However, the deposition of DLC in a vacuum system has several disadvantages, including high equipment cost and restrictions on the size and shape of material that may be treated. The deposition of DLC at atmospheric pressure has been demonstrated by several researchers. Izake, et al [53] and Novikov and Dymont [54] have demonstrated an electrochemical process that is carried out with organic compounds such as methanol and acetylene dissolved in ammonia. This process requires that the substrates be immersed in the liquid [53-54]. The atmospheric pressure deposition of DLC was also demonstrated by Kulik, et al. utilizing a plasma torch. However, this process requires operating temperatures in excess of 800 oC [55]. In this report, we investigate the deposition of diamond-like carbon films using a low temperature, atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process. The films were characterized by solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and found to have a ratio of sp2 to sp3 carbon of 43 to 57%. The films were also tested for adhesion, coefficient of friction, and dielectric strength.

Ladwig, Angela

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

8

Advances in PSII Deposited Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings for Use as a Corrosion Barrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in PSII Deposited Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings for Use as a Corrosion Barrier R. S to improve corrosion resistance, however, the necessary organometallics needed to implant these materials to produce an adherent, hard, wear and, corrosion-resistant coating plays a vital role. These applications

9

Production of hard metal-like wear protection coatings by CO2 laser cladding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protective coatings with hard metal-like wear properties could be obtained by laser beam surfacing of powder mixtures consisting of coarse-grained tungsten carbide and a nickel or cobalt hard alloy. The micros...

A. Techel; A. Luft; A. Müller; S. Nowotny

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b, , Ronald D Available online xxxx Keywords: Atmospheric pressure plasma Diamond-like carbon deposition DLC PECVD The atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition of diamond-like carbon (DLC) has been

Hicks, Robert F.

11

Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microemulsification polymerization of styrene stabilized by a nonionic surfactant and reactive cosurfactant (E39), the measurement of ethoxylation in nonionic systems (E40), and the study of anionic polyurethane ionomer dispersants in water-soluble baking enamels (E41) were also reported during this period. ... Other applications of SEM included the characterization of paper coatings (J11), the degradation of epoxy aerosol can linings when exposed to fluorocarbon propellants (J12), the use of stainless steel as a protective pigment for steel structures (J13), the adhesion of an acrylic primer to pine (J14), and the wear behavior of coatings applied using accelerated electrospark deposition (J15). ...

Dennis G. Anderson

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

12

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and composition for the deposition of a thick layer (10) of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition (12) including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate (20). The softened or molten composition (18) crystallizes on the substrate (20) to form a thick deposition layer (10) comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition (12) includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent (14) and may include at least one secondary constituent (16). Preferably, the secondary constituents (16) are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B.sub.4 C) powder and mixtures thereof.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Price, R. Eugene (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and composition is disclosed for the deposition of a thick layer of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate. The softened or molten composition crystallizes on the substrate to form a thick deposition layer comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent and may include at least one secondary constituent. Preferably, the secondary constituents are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B{sub 4}C) powder and mixtures thereof. 9 figs.

Holcombe, C.E.; Seals, R.D.; Price, R.E.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

14

Diamond Like Carbon Coating Produced by Plasma Source Ion Implantation as a Corrosion Barrier for Steels in Marine Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Steels in Marine Environments R. Scott Lillard, Darryl Butt Materials Corrosion and Environmental Effects). To evaluate the coating's susceptibility to breakdown in a marine environment, electrochemical impedance of applications for which the ability to produce an adherent, hard, wear, and corrosion-resistant coating plays

15

Fabrication of highly transparent diamond-like carbon anti-reflecting coating for Si solar cell application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ARC grade highly transparent unhydrogenated diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were produced, directly from a-C target, using RF magnetron sputtering deposition technique, for optoelectronic applications. Optical band gap, transmittance, reflectance, sp{sup 3} fraction, I{sub D}/I{sub G}, density, and refractive index of the films have been estimated with the help of optical tools like Uv-vis spectrophotometer, ellipsometer and micro-Raman. Optimum ARC-qualities have been identified in low-temperature grown DLC films at an Ar pressure of 4 mTorr in the reactor, accomplishing its key requirements for use in silicon solar cells.

Banerjee, Amit, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in; Das, Debajyoti, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in [Nano-Science Group, Energy Research Unit, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata-700032 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

16

pp. 59 { 76 Roses are unsel sh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the greenhouse T a , and the light intensity I 0 (see #12;gure 1). To model the rose plants in the greenhouse, wepp. 59 { 76 CHAPTER 4 Roses are unsel#12;sh: a greenhouse growth model to predict harvest rates in a greenhouse can be optimised. Based on realistic assumptions, a rose growth model is de- rived that can

Rottschäfer, Vivi

17

On SH Molecules in Umbral Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following our predictions on detectability, very weak lines of the SH molecules have been reported as identified in the photospheric spectrum of the Sun. This could be the first detection of a mercapto radical in the solar spectrum, thus placing confidence in the solar abundance of Sulfur. The observations additionally tested the utilized theoretical band oscillator strength. Sunspots being cooler than the photosphere are the hosts to a large number of molecular species. However, owing to photospheric radiation scattered into the observed umbra, the discoverers could not detect the lines of SH in the sunspot spectrum where they are expected to show larger than the photospheric equivalent widths (EWs in short). Detection of weak lines in photospheric spectrum coupled with a no-detection of the relatively strong same lines in the sunspot spectrum might cause doubts on the detection itself. The above problem is investigated here in detail with a choice on photospheric and sunspot models and micro-turbulence valu...

Sinha, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Topic Models to Interpret MeSH MEDLINE's Medical Subject Headings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://ii.nlm.nih.gov/mti.shtml #12;MeSH heading Major MeSH heading Major qualifier MeSH-qualifier combination Humans Brain metabolism Brain (metabolism) Table 1. Most frequent MeSH headings, major MeSH headings, major qualifiers and MeTopic Models to Interpret MeSH � MEDLINE's Medical Subject Headings David Newman12 , Sarvnaz Karimi

Newman, David

19

Focusing of Electromagnetic Waves S.H. Wiersma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Focusing of Electromagnetic Waves by S.H. Wiersma #12;#12;VRIJE UNIVERSITEIT Focusing Sjoerd Haije Wiersma geboren te Haarlemmermeer #12;Promotor: prof. dr. D. Lenstra Copromotor: dr. T

Visser, Taco D.

20

PROJECT Sh'ATHMAP: SIDESCAN SONARACF.OSSTHE WESTERNPACIFIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROJECT Sh'ATHMAP: SIDESCAN SONARACF.OSSTHE WESTERNPACIFIC THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATEDIVISION-scan sonars in operation today) is the low-cost peacetime application of a u. s. |travy a. s.w. system

Luther, Douglas S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Complete genome sequence of Halopiger xanaduensis type strain (SH6T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Halopiger xanaduensis is the type species of the genus Halopiger and belongs to the euryarchaeal family Halobacteriaceae. H. xanaduensis strain SH-6, which is designated as the type strain, was isolated from the sediment of a salt lake in Inner Mongolia, Lake Shangmatala. Like other members of the family Halobacteriaceae, it is an extreme halophile requiring at least 2.5 M salt for growth. We report here the sequencing and annotation of the 4,355,268 bp genome, which includes one chromosome and three plasmids. This genome is part of a Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Community Sequencing Program (CSP) project to sequence diverse haloarchaeal genomes.

Anderson, Iain [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tindall, Brian [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Rohde, Manfred [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Cheng, Jan-Fang [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Peters, Lin [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF RAILROAD TIMBER BRIDGES , S.H. Rizkalla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF RAILROAD TIMBER BRIDGES A.S. Uppal l , S.H. Rizkalla 2 , and J.N. McLeod 3 ABSTRACT Timber bridges are still commonly used by North American rail- roads. For short spans, they offer attractive alternatives to other types of bridges, because they are more economical, faster to construct

23

ITP Nanomanufacturing: Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Coatings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Large-scale Implementation of Nanostructured Superhydrophobic (SH) Powders for Breakthrough Energy Savings

24

BRSIC RECIPES COOKinG fiSH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BRSIC RECIPES fOR COOKinG fiSH Fishery Leaflet 106 Fish anel Wi Iellife Se r v;ce po-)ited States Department of the Interior Wa s.hi ngton, D.C. #12;United States Department of the Interior, J. A. Fish~9~4~9 Introduction .· ... BASTC R~CIP~~ FOR GOOK IN~ FISH By Rose G. Kerr, Home Economist Branch of Commercial

25

E-Print Network 3.0 - adherent diamond-like carbon Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science and Metallurgy, Composites and Coatings Group Collection: Materials Science 31 Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b,...

26

Materials - Coatings & Lubricants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Coatings and Lubricants: Coatings and Lubricants: Super-Hard and Ultra-Low-Friction Films for Friction and Wear Control Ali Erdemir researches nanolubricants. Ali Erdemir researches nanolubricants. The many rolling, rotating and sliding mechanical assemblies in advanced transportation vehicles present friction and wear challenges for automotive engineers. These systems operate under severe conditions-high loads, speeds and temperatures-that currently available materials and lubricants do not tolerate well. Improving the surface friction and wear characteristics of the mechanical system components is an opportunity for engineers, and the use of super-hard, slippery surface films offers promise. Argonne scientists have developed a number of smooth, wear-resistant, low-friction nanocomposite nitride and diamond-like carbon films that have

27

Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Coatings Opportunities exist for friction reduction in piston rings and valve trains using durable, advanced material technologies, such as diamond-like carbon (DLC)...

28

Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Opportunities exist for friction reduction in piston rings and valve trains using durable, advanced material technologies, such as diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings, and new lubricants.

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - amphiphysin-1 sh3 domain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

important for autoinhibition... , with the fifth domain (SH3(E)) being sufficient for the bulk of the autoinhibitory effect. This ... Source: Lim, Wendell - Departments of Cellular...

30

Corrosion resistant coating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of protecting a metal substrate from corrosion including coating a metal substrate of, e.g., steel, iron or aluminum, with a conductive polymer layer of, e.g., polyaniline, coating upon said metal substrate, and coating the conductive polymer-coated metal substrate with a layer of a topcoat upon the conductive polymer coating layer, is provided, together with the resultant coated article from said method.

Wrobleski, D.A.; Benicewicz, B.C.; Thompson, K.G.; Bryan, C.J.

1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Corrosion resistant coating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of protecting a metal substrate from corrosion including coating a metal substrate of, e.g., steel, iron or aluminum, with a conductive polymer layer of, e.g., polyaniline, coating upon said metal substrate, and coating the conductive polymer-coated metal substrate with a layer of a topcoat upon the conductive polymer coating layer, is provided, together with the resultant coated article from said method.

Wrobleski, Debra A. (Los Alamos, NM); Benicewicz, Brian C. (Los Alamos, NM); Thompson, Karen G. (Orlando, FL); Bryan, Coleman J. (Merritt Island, FL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Abundance of demersal sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abundance of demersal ¢sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea T. Valinassab*P , R in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Samples were taken at a total of 316 trawl stations selected following a strati demersal ¢sh biomass was estimated to be approximately 73,000 tonnes in Persian Gulf waters

Pierce, Graham

33

Flow coating apparatus and method of coating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a flow coating apparatus, comprising a slot that can dispense a coating material in an approximately uniform manner along a distribution blade that increases uniformity by means of surface tension and transfers the uniform flow of coating material onto an inclined substrate such as for example glass, solar panels, windows or part of an electronic display. Also disclosed is a method of flow coating a substrate using the apparatus such that the substrate is positioned correctly relative to the distribution blade, a pre-wetting step is completed where both the blade and substrate are completed wetted with a pre-wet solution prior to dispensing of the coating material onto the distribution blade from the slot and hence onto the substrate. Thereafter the substrate is removed from the distribution blade and allowed to dry, thereby forming a coating.

Hanumanthu, Ramasubrahmaniam; Neyman, Patrick; MacDonald, Niles; Brophy, Brenor; Kopczynski, Kevin; Nair, Wood

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

34

HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS LS-18 S.H. Kim  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS LS-18 S.H. Kim March 22, 1985 FOR. THE ALADDIN SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE In this note, design parameters of two hybrid undulators and one hybrid wiggler are considered with a minimum gap of 1.25 cm. The length of the insertion devices considered here is 3.5 m. The magnetic field along the axis of the hybrid devices of samarium-cobalt permanent magnets and vanadium per- mendur pole tips is expressed as: -f- (5.47 - 1.80 g/A u ) B 3.3 x 0.90 e u where Au and g are the undulator period and gap, and a filling or assembly factor of 90% is assumed. Figure 1 shows the deflection parameter K vs gap for three insertion devices (see the names). The parameters used in this note are marked as " 1 circles in Fig. * In Figs. 2 and 3, the first few harmonics of the spectral brilliance of

35

Apparatus for coating powders  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for coating small particles and fibers. The process involves agitation by vibrating or tumbling the particles or fibers to promote coating uniformly, removing adsorbed gases and static charges from the particles or fibers by an initial plasma cleaning, and coating the particles or fibers with one or more coatings, a first coating being an adhesion coating, and with subsequent coatings being deposited in-situ to prevent contamination at layer interfaces. The first coating is of an adhesion forming element (i.e. W, Zr, Re, Cr, Ti) of a 100-10,000 .ANG. thickness and the second coating or final coating of a multiple (0.1-10 microns) being Cu or Ag, for example for brazing processes, or other desired materials that defines the new surface related properties of the particles. An essential feature of the coating process is the capability to deposit in-situ without interruption to prevent the formation of a contaminated interface that could adversely affect the coating adhesion. The process may include screening of the material to be coated and either continuous or intermittent vibration to prevent agglomeration of the material to be coated.

Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Alford, Craig S. (Tracy, CA); McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fatty Acid Adsorption on Several DLC Coatings Studied by Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings on the contacts of mechanical systems is becoming widespread thanks to their excellent tribological properties. Numerous studies of DLC coatings have been rep...

R. Simi?; M. Kalin; T. Hirayama; P. Korelis; T. Geue

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

ITP Nanomanufacturing: Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Coatings  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in quantity. Barriers * Successful scale-up process for large-scale production of nano- structured SH powder at an economical cost * Incorporation of these powders into...

38

Spin coating of electrolytes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for spin coating electrolytic materials onto substrates are disclosed. More particularly, methods for depositing solid coatings of ion-conducting material onto planar substrates and onto electrodes are disclosed. These spin coating methods are employed to fabricate electrochemical sensors for use in measuring, detecting and quantifying gases and liquids.

Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Maclay, G. Jordan (Maywood, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

PIT Coating Requirements Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study identifies the applicable requirements for procurement and installation of a coating intended for tank farm valve and pump pit interior surfaces. These requirements are intended to be incorporated into project specification documents and design media. This study also evaluates previously recommended coatings and identifies requirement-compliant coating products.

MINTEER, D.J.

2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

40

Chapter 8 - Corrosion/Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter explains that pipe is buoyant, and an empty line may float in water. Wet silts are like viscous fluids causing inadequately weighted pipelines to pop up. There are various government entities that have jurisdiction over navigable rivers, bays, marshlands, and offshore waters. These agencies may stipulate that pipelines be buried at certain depths and be stabilized. A good way to stabilize a pipeline is to use an adequate concrete weight coating. Determining the thickness of the concrete involves a process of balancing upward forces such as buoyancy of the mud and the downward forces—weights of pipe, protective coating, and concrete, allowing a factor of 60 (negative buoyancy). Such computations with several variables can become involved and tedious.

E.W. McAllister

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

'Smart Coatings' Research Shows The Virtues of Superficiality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rich—high-tech protective paints and varnishes look poised to become...into the fabric. Microscopic robots that make repairs with tools...looks and behaves like a normal paint or varnish at room temperature...become as common as a coat of paint. * Fourth Annual Smart Coatings...

John Bohannon

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fusion protein based on Grb2-SH2 domain for cancer therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Grb2 mediates EGFR signaling through binding to phosphorylate EGFR with SH2 domain. {yields} We generated fusion proteins containing 1 or 2 SH2 domains of Grb2 added with TAT. {yields} The one with 2 SH2 domains (TSSF) interfered ERK phosphorylation. {yields} TSSF significantly delayed the growth of EGFR overexpressing tumor in a mouse model. -- Abstract: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the very attractive targets for cancer therapy. In this study, we generated fusion proteins containing one or two Src-homology 2 (SH2) domains of growth factor receptor bound protein 2 (Grb2), which bind to phosphorylated EGFR, added with HIV-1 transactivating transcription for cell membrane penetration (termed TSF and TSSF, respectively). We examined if they can interfere Grb2-mediated signaling pathway and suppress tumor growth as expected from the lack of SH3 domain, which is necessary to intermediate EGFR-Grb2 cell signaling, in the fusion proteins. The transduction efficiency of TSSF was similar to that of TSF, but the binding activity of TSSF to EGFR was higher than that of TSF. Treatment of EGFR-overexpressing cells showed that TSSF decreased p42-ERK phosphorylation, while TSF did not. Both the proteins delayed cell growth but did not induce cell death in culture. TSSF also significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo under consecutive administration. In conclusion, TSSF showed an ability to inhibit EGFR-Grb2 signaling and could have a potential to treat EGFR-activated cancer.

Saito, Yuriko [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan) [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan); Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University (Japan); Furukawa, Takako, E-mail: tfuru@nirs.go.jp [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan) [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan); Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui (Japan); Arano, Yasushi [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University (Japan)] [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University (Japan); Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan) [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan); Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui (Japan); Saga, Tsuneo [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan)] [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tag: coat drive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9/all en Warm coats, big thanks 9/all en Warm coats, big thanks http://www.y12.doe.gov/community/warm-coats-big-thanks

Y-12 employees help people face some of the coldest temperatures East Tennessee has seen in a long time.
  • coats-big-thanks" rel="tag" title="Warm coats, big thanks">Read more about Warm coats, big thanks Thu, 09 Jan 2014 19:23:39 +0000 pam

  • 44

    Platinum- and Platinum Alloy-Coated Palladium and Palladium Alloy...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Find More Like This Return to Search Platinum- and Platinum Alloy-Coated Palladium and Palladium Alloy Particles and Uses Thereof...

    45

    Solar selective absorption coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new class of solar selective absorption coatings are disclosed. These coatings comprise a structured metallic overlayer such that the overlayer has a sub-micron structure designed to efficiently absorb solar radiation, while retaining low thermal emissivity for infrared thermal radiation. A sol-gel layer protects the structured metallic overlayer from mechanical, thermal, and environmental degradation. Processes for producing such solar selective absorption coatings are also disclosed.

    Mahoney, Alan R. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, F. Edward (Horseheads, NY)

    2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    46

    Solar selective absorption coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new class of solar selective absorption coatings are disclosed. These coatings comprise a structured metallic overlayer such that the overlayer has a sub-micron structure designed to efficiently absorb solar radiation, while retaining low thermal emissivity for infrared thermal radiation. A sol-gel layer protects the structured metallic overlayer from mechanical, thermal, and environmental degradation. Processes for producing such solar selective absorption coatings are also disclosed.

    Mahoney, Alan R. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, F. Edward (Horseheads, NY)

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    47

    The EMBO Journal Vol.17 No.18 pp.52735285, 1998 Crystal structure of the amphiphysin-2 SH3 domain  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at its C-terminus which have the potential to interact with various Src homology 3 (SH3) domains (Gout et

    Evans, Phil

    48

    Zinc phosphate conversion coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zinc phosphate conversion coatings for producing metals which exhibit enhanced corrosion prevention characteristics are prepared by the addition of a transition-metal-compound promoter comprising a manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, or copper compound and an electrolyte such as polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, polyitaconic acid and poly-L-glutamic acid to a phosphating solution. These coatings are further improved by the incorporation of Fe ions. Thermal treatment of zinc phosphate coatings to generate .alpha.-phase anhydrous zinc phosphate improves the corrosion prevention qualities of the resulting coated metal.

    Sugama, Toshifumi (Wading River, NY)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    49

    Zinc phosphate conversion coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zinc phosphate conversion coatings for producing metals which exhibit enhanced corrosion prevention characteristics are prepared by the addition of a transition-metal-compound promoter comprising a manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, or copper compound and an electrolyte such as polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, polyitaconic acid and poly-L-glutamic acid to a phosphating solution. These coatings are further improved by the incorporation of Fe ions. Thermal treatment of zinc phosphate coatings to generate {alpha}-phase anhydrous zinc phosphate improves the corrosion prevention qualities of the resulting coated metal. 33 figs.

    Sugama, T.

    1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    50

    Coincident P and Sh reflections from basement rocks at Coso geothermal  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coincident P and Sh reflections from basement rocks at Coso geothermal Coincident P and Sh reflections from basement rocks at Coso geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Coincident P and Sh reflections from basement rocks at Coso geothermal field Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: In mid-1989 the authors designed and collected four seismic reflection/refraction profiles that addressed the crustal structure of the Coso geothermal field. The two main east-west and north-south profiles crossed at the southeasternmost base of Sugar Loaf Mountain. Both in-line and cross-line Vibroseis and explosion data were recorded on each of these approximately 12-mi lines. This was accomplished with the simultaneous operation of two 1024-channel sign bit recording systems while four

    51

    Combustion chemical vapor deposited coatings for thermal barrier coating systems  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The new deposition process, combustion chemical vapor deposition, shows a great deal of promise in the area of thermal barrier coating systems. This technique produces dense, adherent coatings, and does not require a reaction chamber. Coatings can therefore be applied in the open atmosphere. The process is potentially suitable for producing high quality CVD coatings for use as interlayers between the bond coat and thermal barrier coating, and/or as overlayers, on top of thermal barrier coatings. In this report, the evaluation of alumina and ceria coatings on a nickel-chromium alloy is described.

    Hampikian, J.M.; Carter, W.B. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Materials Science and Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    52

    Coated ceramic breeder materials  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A breeder material for use in a breeder blanket of a nuclear reactor is disclosed. The breeder material comprises a core material of lithium containing ceramic particles which has been coated with a neutron multiplier such as Be or BeO, which coating has a higher thermal conductivity than the core material.

    Tam, Shiu-Wing (Downers Grove, IL); Johnson, Carl E. (Elk Grove, IL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    53

    Thermal barrier coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A thermal barrier coating for hot gas path components of a combustion turbine based on a zirconia-scandia system. A layer of zirconium scandate having the hexagonal Zr.sub.3 Sc.sub.4 O.sub.12 structure is formed directly on a superalloy substrate or on a bond coat formed on the substrate.

    Bowker, Jeffrey Charles (Gibsonia, PA); Sabol, Stephen M. (Orlando, FL); Goedjen, John G. (Oviedo, FL)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    54

    Thermal barrier coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    This disclosure addresses the issue of providing a metallic-ceramic overlay coating that potentially serves as an interface or bond coat layer to provide enhanced oxidation resistance to the underlying superalloy substrate via the formation of a diffusion barrier regime within the supporting base material. Furthermore, the metallic-ceramic coating is expected to limit the growth of a continuous thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer that has been primarily considered to be the principal cause for failure of existing TBC systems. Compositional compatibility of the metallic-ceramic with traditional yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) top coats is provided to further limit debond or spallation of the coating during operational use. A metallic-ceramic architecture is disclosed wherein enhanced oxidation resistance is imparted to the surface of nickel-based superalloy or single crystal metal substrate, with simultaneous integration of the yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) within the metallic-ceramic overlayer.

    Alvin, Mary Anne (Pittsburg, PA)

    2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    55

    8 - Corrosion/Coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Publisher Summary This chapter presents some tips and suggestions on corrosion and coatings used in pipelines. Corrosion failures at compressor stations result from carelessness on the part of the user, or poor choice of material/configuration by the designer. Thus, design engineers should coat everything underground, except ground rods, with a coating properly selected for the conditions; should use proper coating application and inspection; and should use ground rods anodic to steel and insulated (coated) ground wires. Coatings are one of the most important considerations for controlling underground corrosion. Generally, all underground metallic structures, except ground rods, should be coated. This includes gas piping, control lines, tubing, water lines, conduit, air lines, and braces. For gas discharge lines, temperature is a dominant consideration and so one has to make sure to get a coating that withstands gas discharge temperature and should be careful, as sag temperatures listed in coating literature are not maximum operating temperatures. Each water system should have corrosion monitoring provisions designed into the system, such as coupons or corrosion rate probes. If there is a gas treating plant in conjunction with the compressor station, corrosion monitoring provisions should be designed into that system also. Water treatment for corrosion control is considered, depending on individual circumstances and provisions should be considered for cathodic protection of the internal surfaces of storage tanks and water softeners. The Pearson survey is an aboveground technique used to locate coating defects on buried pipelines. In this technique, the defect may be recorded on a preprepared record sheet complete with a measured distance from a fixed reference point or indicated by a marker peg or non-toxic paint.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56

    SH3BP2 is an activator of NFAT activity and osteoclastogenesis  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heterozygous activating mutations in exon 9 of SH3BP2 have been found in most patients with cherubism, an unusual genetic syndrome characterized by excessive remodeling of the mandible and maxilla due to spontaneous and excessive osteoclastic bone resorption. Osteoclasts differentiate after binding of sRANKL to RANK induces a number of downstream signaling effects, including activation of the calcineurin/NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) pathway. Here, we have investigated the functional significance of SH3BP2 protein on osteoclastogenesis in the presence of sRANKL. Our results indicate that SH3BP2 both increases nuclear NFATc1 in sRANKL treated RAW 264.7 preosteoclast cells and enhances expression of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), a specific marker of osteoclast differentiation. Moreover, overexpression of SH3BP2 in RAW 264.7 cells potentiates sRANKL-stimulated phosphorylation of PLC{gamma}1 and 2, thus providing a mechanistic pathway for the rapid translocation of NFATc1 into the nucleus and increased osteoclastogenesis in cherubism.

    Lietman, Steven A. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195 (United States)], E-mail: lietmas@ccf.org; Yin Lihong [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195 (United States); Levine, Michael A. [The Division of Endocrinology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

    2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    57

    Click Synthesis of Monolithic Silicon Carbide Aerogels from Polyacrylonitrile-Coated 3D Silica Networks  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Monolithic highly porous (70% v/v) SiC aerogels are synthesized carbothermally from X-PAN-SiO2, i.e., monolithic silica aerogels are prepared and coated in one pot with a conformal poly acrylonitrile coating via a surface-initiated free radical process. ... Conformal PAN coatings would be obtained with other surface-confined initiators, including monodentate ones. ... An aerogel-like composite material was synthesized by casting a conformal 4-6 nm diisocyanate-derived polymer coating on the bird-nest like skeletal framework of mesoporous vanadia consisting of entangled 100-200 nm long, 30-40 nm thick worm-like objects. ...

    Nicholas Leventis; Anand Sadekar; Naveen Chandrasekaran; Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis

    2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    58

    Friction surfaced Stellite6 coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solid state Stellite6 coatings were deposited on steel substrate by friction surfacing and compared with Stellite6 cast rod and coatings deposited by gas tungsten arc and plasma transferred arc welding processes. Friction surfaced coatings exhibited finer and uniformly distributed carbides and were characterized by the absence of solidification structure and compositional homogeneity compared to cast rod, gas tungsten arc and plasma transferred coatings. Friction surfaced coating showed relatively higher hardness. X-ray diffraction of samples showed only face centered cubic Co peaks while cold worked coating showed hexagonally close packed Co also. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stellite6 used as coating material for friction surfacing. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Friction surfaced (FS) coatings compared with casting, GTA and PTA processes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Finer and uniformly distributed carbides in friction surfaced coatings. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Absence of melting results compositional homogeneity in FS Stellite6 coatings.

    Rao, K. Prasad; Damodaram, R. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering - Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Rafi, H. Khalid, E-mail: khalidrafi@gmail.com [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Ram, G.D. Janaki [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Reddy, G. Madhusudhan [Metal Joining Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL) Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Nagalakshmi, R. [Welding Research Institute, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Tiruchirappalli 620 014 (India)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    59

    Spin coating apparatus  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A spin coating apparatus requires less cleanroom air flow than prior spin coating apparatus to minimize cleanroom contamination. A shaped exhaust duct from the spin coater maintains process quality while requiring reduced cleanroom air flow. The exhaust duct can decrease in cross section as it extends from the wafer, minimizing eddy formation. The exhaust duct can conform to entrainment streamlines to minimize eddy formation and reduce interprocess contamination at minimal cleanroom air flow rates.

    Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    60

    High-resolution MAS NMR analysis of PI3-SH3 amyloid fibrils: Backbone conformation and implications for protofilament assembly and structure  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The SH3 domain of the PI3 kinase (PI3-SH3 or PI3K-SH3) readily aggregates into fibrils in vitro and has served as an important model system in the investigation of the molecular properties and mechanism of formation of ...

    Bayro, Marvin J.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    61

    Laser ablated hard coating for microtools  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wear-resistant coatings composed of laser ablated hard carbon films, are deposited by pulsed laser ablation using visible light, on instruments such as microscope tips and micro-surgical tools. Hard carbon, known as diamond-like carbon (DLC), films produced by pulsed laser ablation using visible light enhances the abrasion resistance, wear characteristics, and lifetimes of small tools or instruments, such as small, sharp silicon tips used in atomic probe microscopy without significantly affecting the sharpness or size of these devices. For example, a 10--20 nm layer of diamond-like carbon on a standard silicon atomic force microscope (AFM) tip, enables the useful operating life of the tip to be increased by at least twofold. Moreover, the low inherent friction coefficient of the DLC coating leads to higher resolution for AFM tips operating in the contact mode. 12 figs.

    McLean, W. II; Balooch, M.; Siekhaus, W.J.

    1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    62

    Laser ablated hard coating for microtools  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wear-resistant coatings composed of laser ablated hard carbon films, are deposited by pulsed laser ablation using visible light, on instruments such as microscope tips and micro-surgical tools. Hard carbon, known as diamond-like carbon (DLC), films produced by pulsed laser ablation using visible light enhances the abrasion resistance, wear characteristics, and lifetimes of small tools or instruments, such as small, sharp silicon tips used in atomic probe microscopy without significantly affecting the sharpness or size of these devices. For example, a 10-20 nm layer of diamond-like carbon on a standard silicon atomic force microscope (AFM) tip, enables the useful operating life of the tip to be increased by at least twofold. Moreover, the low inherent friction coefficient of the DLC coating leads to higher resolution for AFM tips operating in the contact mode.

    McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Siekhaus, Wigbert J. (Berkeley, CA)

    1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    63

    Technical Qualification Program Self-Assessment Report- NA-SH- 2013  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of the Associate Administrator for Safety and Health (NA-SH) TQP applies to those personnel who oversee defense nuclear facilities, to support the mission of NNSA. The requirement for this SA comes from DOE O 426.1A that states "Headquarters and Field Elements must conduct self-assessment of TQP and FTCP implementation within their organization at least every 4 years."

    64

    Wear resistance optimisation of composite coatings by computational microstructural modelling  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract The wear resistance of components can be changed remarkably by surface coatings. New processing methods offer many possibilities to tailor the wear resistance of surfaces to match design criteria. Computational modelling and simulation is a systematic approach to optimise the wear performance. Modelling of physical surface phenomena can be carried out on all spatial scale levels, from sub-atomic one to macrolevel and for the various stages in material development, from material processing to structures, properties and performance. The interactions between the coating matrix, the reinforced particles, degraded material phases and defects like pores, cracks and voids are of crucial importance for the wear performance of composite coatings. This has been modelled by synthetic artificial models to find general design rules and by real image based models to find out the wear behaviour of specific coatings. The effect of particle size, morphology, clusters, mean free path and porosity was simulated for thermal spray WC–CoCr coatings. Four main very typical mechanisms for crack initiation resulting in surface failure have been identified: brittle carbide fracture, ductile binder cracking, interface failure, and cracking from pre-existing porosities and defects. The most important coating properties having a crucial effect on coating wear resistance are defects in the coating structure as they can create detrimental stress peaks and high strain levels, particle clustering is most critical for the durability of the structure, the elasticity of the particle is of great importance as well as matrix hardness and particle morphology.

    Kenneth Holmberg; Anssi Laukkanen; Erja Turunen; Tarja Laitinen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    65

    Effect of Surface Roughening of Substrate Steel on the Improvement of Delamination Strength and Tribological Behavior of Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon Coating Under Lubricated Conditions  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The adhesion strength of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings is an obstacle in efforts to improve the reliability of coated products. It is generally believed that the roughening of the substrate surface improves ...

    Masabumi Masuko; Takuya Kudo; Akihito Suzuki

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    66

    The surface coating industries try on new coats  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Some of the best pollution prevention information is available from state industry-education projects. The preferred pollution prevention method is eliminating or reducing the need for surface coating, often by using coating-free materials such as titanium and aluminum alloys, pultruded fiberglass reinforced plastics and weathering steel. Although it is not feasible to completely eliminate coatings for many applications, the need for coating surfaces often can be minimized by preventing deterioration of the coating. Since surface coatings do not deteriorate uniformly or completely, only small portions of a surface may require recoating. Commercially available alternative coating systems that generate fewer air emissions can be applied in specific applications, although there are inevitable trade-offs. In addition, emerging technologies may offer alternatives to traditional coating systems.

    NONE

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    67

    The Third Law of Thermodynamics and the residual entropy of ice: "Stillwater" or ?SH2Of,T=0 = 0  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The Third Law of Thermodynamics and the residual entropy of ice: "Stillwater" or ?SH2Of,T=0 = 0 ... This paper will explore the connection between the third law of thermodynamics and the residual entropy of ice. ... Thermodynamics ...

    Maureen M. Julian; Frank H. Stillinger; Roger R. Festa

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    68

    Coatings for performance retention  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Performance and performance retention are becoming increasingly important in today’s gas turbine engines. The military aircraft engine operator wants the flexibility and flight envelope that increased performance will give and the commercial user—aircraft utility generation or pumper—demands the long term fuel economy that improved performance retention will provide. Materials advances have provided the intrinsic strength and temperature increases to push the capability of today’s engines and coatings have been an integral part of that advancement. Specifically in the performance retention area coatings and seal systems have become increasingly important in both compressor and turbine components. It is the intent of this overview paper to present a brief review of the coating systems presently in use and in development and to consider areas in which the technology might be heading.

    R. V. Hillery

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    69

    Tribology and coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The future use of fuel-efficient, low-emission, advanced transportation systems (for example, those using low-heat-rejection diesel engines or advanced gas turbines) presents new challenges to tribologists and materials scientists. High service temperatures, corrosive environments, and extreme contact pressures are among the concerns that make necessary new tribological designs, novel materials, and effective lubrication concepts. Argonne is working on methods to reduce friction, wear and corrosion, such as soft metal coatings on ceramics, layered compounds, diamond coatings, and hard surfaces.

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    70

    Fiber coating method  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

    Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    71

    Fiber coating method  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

    Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72

    Thermal barrier coating for alloy systems  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An alloy substrate is protected by a thermal barrier coating formed from a layer of metallic bond coat and a top coat formed from generally hollow ceramic particles dispersed in a matrix bonded to the bond coat.

    Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); White, Rickey L. (Harriman, TN); Dinwiddie, Ralph B. (Knoxville, TN)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    73

    Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

    74

    Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

    75

    Parameter optimization for spray coating  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The aim of planning path-oriented spray-coating processes is to find a time-dependent continuous sequence of spray gun configurations so that a coating of desired thickness is achieved when executing the sequence. A novel approach to solving the planning ... Keywords: Optimization, Robot path planning, Thermal spray coating

    Alexander Kout; Heinrich Müller

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    76

    Graphene Coating Coupled Emission  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graphene Coating Coupled Emission A COMSET, A single sheet of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms, called of graphene and its unique properties, I will present amplification of surface graphene-Ag hybrid films which when graphene is used as the spacer layer in a conventional Ag- harnessed the nonlinear properties

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    77

    Coatings for improved corrosion resistance  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Several coating approaches are being developed to resist attack in coal-fired environments and thereby minimize corrosion of underlying substrate alloys and extend the time for onset of breakaway corrosion. In general, coating systems can be classified as either diffusion or overlay type, which are distinguished principally by the method of deposition and the structure of the resultant coating-substrate bond. The coating techniques examined are pack cementation, electrospark deposition, physical and chemical vapor deposition, plasma spray, and ion implantation. In addition, ceramic coatings are used in some applications.

    Natesan, K.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    78

    Plastic coating of microsphere substrates  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Microsphere coating techniques and results are described together with the criteria that must be met for successful production of targets. An overview of the work at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics KMS Fusion Inc. Sandia Laboratory and Rockwell–Rocky Flats Division is presented. A detailed overview of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory work describes thick coatings smooth?surface coatings organometallic graded?density and graded?Z coatings; as well as difficult to deposit metal?upon?plastic coatings.

    R. Liepins; M. Campbell; J. S. Clements; J. Hammond; R. J. Fries

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    79

    Recent RHIC in-situ coating technology developments  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To rectify the problems of electron clouds observed in RHIC and unacceptable ohmic heating for superconducting magnets that can limit future machine upgrades, we started developing a robotic plasma deposition technique for $in-situ$ coating of the RHIC 316LN stainless steel cold bore tubes based on staged magnetrons mounted on a mobile mole for deposition of Cu followed by amorphous carbon (a-C) coating. The Cu coating reduces wall resistivity, while a-C has low SEY that suppresses electron cloud formation. Recent RF resistivity computations indicate that 10 {\\mu}m of Cu coating thickness is needed. But, Cu coatings thicker than 2 {\\mu}m can have grain structures that might have lower SEY like gold black. A 15-cm Cu cathode magnetron was designed and fabricated, after which, 30 cm long samples of RHIC cold bore tubes were coated with various OFHC copper thicknesses; room temperature RF resistivity measured. Rectangular stainless steel and SS discs were Cu coated. SEY of rectangular samples were measured at ro...

    Hershcovitch, A; Brennan, J M; Chawla, A; Fischer, W; Liaw, C-J; Meng, W; Todd, R; Custer, A; Erickson, M; Jamshidi, N; Kobrin, P; Laping, R; Poole, H J; Jimenez, J M; Neupert, H; Taborelli, M; Yin-Vallgren, C; Sochugov, N

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    80

    Absorber coatings' degradation  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This report is intended to document some of the Los Alamos efforts that have been carried out under the Department of Energy (DOE) Active Heating and Cooling Materials Reliability, Maintainability, and Exposure Testing program. Funding for these activities is obtained directly from DOE although they represent a variety of projects and coordination with other agencies. Major limitations to the use of solar energy are the uncertain reliability and lifetimes of solar systems. This program is aimed at determining material operating limitations, durabilities, and failure modes such that materials improvements can be made and lifetimes can be extended. Although many active and passive materials and systems are being studied at Los Alamos, this paper will concentrate on absorber coatings and degradation of these coatings.

    Moore, S.W.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    81

    Composite coatings improve engines  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    About 40% of the power loss in engine systems is attributed to the adverse effects of friction in reciprocating engine components. Over half of this power loss is caused by friction between pistons, piston rings, and cylinder bores. In addition, engine parts may be attacked by corrosive gasoline substitutes such as liquid propane gas and alcohol/gasoline mixtures. To solve both friction and corrosion problems, Nihon Parkerizing Co. has improved the nickel-phosphorus based ceramic composite (NCC) plating technology that was developed for cylinder bores and pistons by Suzuki Motor Co. in the mid 1970s. Iron and nickel-based composite plating technologies have been investigated since the early 1970s, and a few have been used on small two-stroke motorcycle, outboard marine, snowmobile, and some luxury passenger car engine components. Both nickel- and iron-base plating processes are used on cylinders and pistons because they offer excellent wear and corrosion resistance. Nickel-base films have higher corrosion resistance than those based on iron, and are capable of withstanding the corrosive conditions characteristic of high methanol fuels. Unfortunately, they experience a decrease in hardness as operating temperatures increase. However, NCC coatings with phosphorus additions have high hardness even under severe operating conditions, and hardness increases upon exposure to elevated temperatures. In addition to high hardness and corrosion resistance, NCC coatings provide a low friction coefficient, which contributes to the reduction of friction losses between sliding components. When used in low-quality or alcohol fuels, the corrosion resistance of NCC coatings is far higher than that of Fe-P plating. Additionally, the coatings reduce wall and piston temperature, wear of ring groove and skirt, and carbon deposit formation, and they improve output power and torque. These advantages all contribute to the development of light and efficient engines with better fuel mileage.

    Funatani, K.; Kurosawa, K. (Nihon Parkerizing Co. Ltd., Nagoya (Japan))

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    82

    LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    81 81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N ELM A ORC HARD PARK-H AMBU RG DANLEY CORNERS ST ILLWAT ER CHAFF EE-ARCAD E FAYETT E-WATERLOO LAKEVIEW JAVA SEN EC A W ELLER Y AU RORA E ZOAR BU FFALO TIOGA SILVER LAKE AKR ON ROM E RAT HBON E ALM A BET HANY WYOMING ULYSSES BR ANCH W SAN DY CREEK COL LINS BLOOMFIELD E LEBANON STATE LINE ALLEN CHUR CHVILLE BATH ATT ICA ELLI COT VILLE ROU LETT E BR ADFORD BU FFALO CREEK PEN N YAN N BEECH HILL-INDEPENDENC E GERRY-CH ARLOTTE STAGECOACH CHIPMUN K HEBRON VIN CENT BALD WI NSVILLE AKELEY OLEAN COWLESVILLE AN NIN SMET HPORT BR ADLEY BR OOK BU STI FIVE MILE BLOOMFIELD W SEN EC A FALLS NILE STAGECOACH LEWIS R UN BR ADFORD CAMDEN VAN ETT EN ROAN OKE SH ARON RICHBU RG FULTON N FINN EGAN H ILL TONAWANDA

    83

    Westinghouse thermal barrier coatings development  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse, in conjunction with the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has embarked upon a program for the development of advanced thermal barrier coatings for industrial gas turbines. Development of thermal barrier coatings (TBC`s) for industrial gas turbines has relied heavily on the transfer of technology from the aerospace industry. Significant differences in the time/temperature/stress duty cycles exist between these two coating applications. Coating systems which perform well in aerospace applications may not been optimized to meet power generation performance requirements. This program will focus on development of TBC`s to meet the specific needs of power generation applications.

    Goedjen, J.G.; Wagner, G.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    84

    High-Performance Nanostructured Coating  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the major operating and maintenance issues for parabolic trough plants are minimizing heat loss and the eventual replacement of coatings and receivers. The issues are expected...

    85

    A conversion coating on carbon steel with good anti-wax performance in crude oil  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Wax deposition on pipeline from crude oil is a prevalent problem that petroleum industry has always been suffered. In this paper, a conversion coating on carbon steel with good anti-wax performance was constructed to solve this problem through a simple coating and heat treatment process. The conversion coating is composed of pyrophosphate with a flower-like microstructure. After wax deposition test, the conversion coating has low wax deposition weight which is 2.9 mg/cm2 and high wax deposition reduction rate (80% in average). The conversion coating has a special wettability which is superoleophobic with low oil-adhesion in water (oil contact angle is 162° and rolling angle is 7°) and hydrophilic in oil. The anti-wax mechanism is discussed and it may be attributed to the polar hydrophilic component and micro-structure of the conversion coating.

    Zhiwei Wang; Liqun Zhu; Huicong Liu; Weiping Li

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    86

    Hydrogen Permeation Barrier Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaseous hydrogen, H2, has many physical properties that allow it to move rapidly into and through materials, which causes problems in keeping hydrogen from materials that are sensitive to hydrogen-induced degradation. Hydrogen molecules are the smallest diatomic molecules, with a molecular radius of about 37 x 10-12 m and the hydrogen atom is smaller still. Since it is small and light it is easily transported within materials by diffusion processes. The process of hydrogen entering and transporting through a materials is generally known as permeation and this section reviews the development of hydrogen permeation barriers and barrier coatings for the upcoming hydrogen economy.

    Henager, Charles H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    87

    Carbonaceous film coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of making a carbonaceous film comprising heating tris(1,3,2-benzodiazaborolo)borazine or dodecahydro tris(1,3,2)diazaborine(1,2-a:1'2'-c:1''2''-e)borazine in an inert atmosphere in the presence of a substrate to a temperature at which the borazine compound decomposes, and the decomposition products deposit onto the substrate to form a thin, tenacious, highly reflective conductive coating having a narrow band gap which is susceptible of modification and a relatively low coefficient of friction.

    Maya, L.

    1988-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    88

    LARGE AREA FILTERED ARC DEPOSITION OF CARBON AND BORON BASED HARD COATINGS  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This document is a final report covering work performed under Contract No. DE-FG02-99ER82911 from the Department of Energy under a SBIR Phase II Program. Wear resistant, hard coatings can play a vital role in many engineering applications. The primary goal of this project was to develop coatings containing boron and carbon with hardness greater than 30 GPa and evaluate these coatings for machining applications. UES has developed a number of carbon and boron containing coatings with hardness in the range of 34 to 65 GPa using a combination of filtered cathodic arc and magnetron sputtering. The boron containing coatings were based on TiB2, TiBN, and TiBCN, while the carbon containing coatings ere TiC+C and hydrogen free diamond-like-carbon. Machining tests were performed with single and multilayer coated tools. The turning and milling tests were run at TechSolve Inc., under a subcontract at Ohio State University. Significant increases in tool lives were realized in end milling of H-13 die steel (8X) and titanium alloy (80%) using the TiBN coating. A multilayer TiBN/TiN performed the best in end-milling of highly abrasive Al-Si alloys. A 40% increase in life over the TiAlN benchmark coating was found. Further evaluations of these coatings with commercialization partners are currently in progress.

    Bhattacharya, Rabi S.

    2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    89

    Low Conductivity Thermal Barrier Coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low Conductivity Thermal Barrier Coatings A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the School conductivity of the coatings. The minimum thermal conductivity occurs at a low rotation rate and is 0.8 W intrinsic thermal conductivity, good phase stability and greater resistance to sintering and CMAS attack

    Wadley, Haydn

    90

    Westinghouse thermal barrier coatings development  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse, in conjunction with the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has embarked upon a program for the development of advanced thermal barrier coatings for industrial gas turbines. Development of thermal barrier coatings (TBC`s) for industrial gas turbines has relied heavily on the transfer of technology from the aerospace industry. Significant differences in the time/temperature/stress duty cycles exist between these two coating applications. Coating systems which perform well in aerospace applications may not been optimized to meet power generation performance requirements. This program will focus on development of TBC`s to meet the specific needs of power generation applications. The program is directed at developing a state-of-the-art coating system with a minimum coating life of 25,000 hours at service temperatures required to meet increasing operating efficiency goals. Westinghouse has assembled a team of university and industry leaders to accomplish this goal. Westinghouse will coordinate the efforts of all program participants. Chromalloy Turbine Technologies, Inc. and Sermatech International, Inc. will be responsible for bond coat and TBC deposition technology. Praxair Specialty Powders, Inc. will be responsible for the fabrication of all bond coat and ceramic powders for the program. Southwest Research Institute will head the life prediction modelling effort; they will also be involved in coordinating nondestructive evaluation (NDE) efforts. Process modelling will be provided by the University of Arizona.

    Goedjen, J.G.; Wagner, G. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    91

    Coatings on reflective mask substrates  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process for creating a mask substrate involving depositing: 1) a coating on one or both sides of a low thermal expansion material EUVL mask substrate to improve defect inspection, surface finishing, and defect levels; and 2) a high dielectric coating, on the backside to facilitate electrostatic chucking and to correct for any bowing caused by the stress imbalance imparted by either other deposited coatings or the multilayer coating of the mask substrate. An film, such as TaSi, may be deposited on the front side and/or back of the low thermal expansion material before the material coating to balance the stress. The low thermal expansion material with a silicon overlayer and a silicon and/or other conductive underlayer enables improved defect inspection and stress balancing.

    Tong, William Man-Wai (Oakland, CA); Taylor, John S. (Livermore, CA); Hector, Scott D. (Oakland, CA); Mangat, Pawitter J. S. (Gilbert, AZ); Stivers, Alan R. (San Jose, CA); Kofron, Patrick G. (San Jose, CA); Thompson, Matthew A. (Austin, TX)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    92

    Sol-Gel Deposited Electrochromic Coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handbook of Inorganic Electrochromic Materials, Elsevier, .O R Y Sol-Gel Deposited Electrochromic Coatings Nilgun Ozer1600 Sol-Gel Deposited Electrochromic Coatings Nilgun Ozer

    Ozer, N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    93

    Finite-size effects for the Ising model on helical tori N. Sh. Izmailian1,2,3  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finite-size effects for the Ising model on helical tori N. Sh. Izmailian1,2,3 and Chin-Kun Hu1 11 October 2007 We analyze the exact partition function of the Ising model on a square lattice under attention in recent decades. Based on the exactly known partition function of the two-dimensional 2D Ising

    94

    Sel sh Routing in Non-Cooperative Networks: R. Feldmann, M. Gairing, T. Lucking, B. Monien, and M. Rode ??  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sel#12;sh Routing in Non-Cooperative Networks: A Survey ? R. Feldmann, M. Gairing, T. Lucking, B. Monien, and M. Rode ?? Department of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Mathematics University regulation for several reasons: The size of the network may be too large, the net- works may be dynamically

    Elsässer, Robert

    95

    Applying APKGS-20Sh catalyst to the purification of aerial effluents in the production of synthetic rubber at OAO voronezhsintezkauchuk  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    We present the results from pilot tests and the industrial use of crusted 0.2% Pd/?-Al2O3 APKGS-20Sh catalyst for the purification of aerial effluents at OAO Voronezhsintezkauchuk. The stable operation of the cat...

    G. O. Turkov; A. I. Aleshin; T. V. Turkova; P. A. Storozhenko…

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    96

    ABSTRACT FINAL ID: SH51A-1991 TITLE: Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulations of Interaction Between Flux Ropes in the  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT FINAL ID: SH51A-1991 TITLE: Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulations of Interaction Between, United States. Title of Team: ABSTRACT BODY: We have recently identified in three-dimensional (3D implications in the generation of Alfven waves and MHD turbulence. This work is supported by a NASA grant NNX08

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    97

    Ceramic composite coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A thin, room-temperature-curing, ceramic composite for coating and patching etal substrates comprises a sol gel silica glass matrix filled with finely ground particles or fibers, preferably alumina. The sol gel glass is made by adding ethanol to water to form a first mixture, then separately adding ethanol to tetraethyl orthosilicate to form a second mixture, then slowly adding the first to the second mixture to make a third mixture, and making a slurry by adding the finely ground particles or fibers to the third mixture. The composite can be applied by spraying, brushing or trowelling. If applied to patch fine cracks, densification of the ceramic composite may be obtained to enhance sealing by applying heat during curing.

    Wicks, George G. (Aiken, SC)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    98

    Ceramic composite coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A thin, room-temperature-curing, ceramic composite for coating and patching metal substrates comprises a sol gel silica glass matrix filled with finely ground particles or fibers, preferably alumina. The sol gel glass is made by adding ethanol to water to form a first mixture, then separately adding ethanol to tetraethyl orthosilicate to form a second mixture, then slowly adding the first to the second mixture to make a third mixture, and making a slurry by adding the finely ground particles or fibers to the third mixture. The composite can be applied by spraying, brushing or trowelling. If applied to patch fine cracks, densification of the ceramic composite may be obtained to enhance sealing by applying heat during curing.

    Wicks, G.G.

    1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    99

    DLC coating on stainless steel by pulsed methane discharge in repetitive plasma focus  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Amorphous hydrogenated carbon (a-C:H)/diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings have been achieved on AISI 304 stainless steel (SS) substrates by employing energetic ions emitted from a repetitive plasma focus operated in CH4 discharge. The Raman spectroscopy of the coatings exhibits the evolution of a-C:H/DLC coatings with clearly observed D and G peaks centered about 1320–1360 and 1560–1620 cm?1 respectively. The diamond character of the coatings is influenced by the ion flux and repetition rate of the focus device. The repetitive discharge mode of plasma focus has led to the formation of a-C:H/DLC coatings in short duration of time. The coatings transform from a-C to a-C:H depending upon substrate angular position. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms the formation of DLC coating owing to stress-induced restructuring in SS. The estimated crystallite size is found to be ?40–50 nm. Field emission scanning electron micrographs exhibit a layered granular surface morphology of the coatings. The Vickers surface hardness of the DLC coated SS samples has been significantly improved.

    M. Hassan; A. Qayyum; S. Ahmad; S. Mahmood; M. Shafiq; M. Zakaullah; P. Lee; R.S. Rawat

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    100

    SuperhydrophobicCoatings.indd  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Superhydrophobic Coating Superhydrophobic Coating 1 S S S S S S S S S Su u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u up p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p pe e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e er r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r rh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h hy y y y y y y yd d d d d d d d d dr r r r r r ro o o op p p p ph h h h h h h ho o o o o o o o o ob b b b b bi i i ic c c c C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C Co o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o oa a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a at t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t ti i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i in n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n ng g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g 1 Superhydrophobic Coating 2 Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800, MS 1349 Albuquerque, NM 87106 C. Jeffrey Brinker Phone: 505-272-7627 Fax: 505-272-7336 cjbrink@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affi rm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate representation of this

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    101

    Method of measuring metal coating adhesion  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method for measuring metal coating adhesion to a substrate material comprising the steps of preparing a test coupon of substrate material having the metal coating applied to one surface thereof, applying a second metal coating of gold or silver to opposite surfaces of the test coupon by hot hollow cathode process, applying a coating to one end of each of two pulling rod members, joining the coated ends of the pulling rod members to said opposite coated surfaces of the test coupon by a solid state bonding technique and finally applying instrumented static tensile loading to the pulling rod members until fracture of the metal coating adhesion to the substrate material occurs.

    Roper, John R. (Northglenn, CO)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    102

    Oleosin-like proteins are not present on the surface of tobacco pollen  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Pollen-stigma interactions on wet- and dry-type stigmas involve similar processes: the hydration of ... oleosin-like proteins of the pollen coat of dry-type stigma plants have been shown to be... Nicotiana tabacu...

    Marc Bots; Celestina Mariani

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    103

    Corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of forming a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising the steps of spray or deposition or sputtering or welding processing to form a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material. Also a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material.

    Choi, Jor-Shan (El Cerrito, CA); Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA); Lee, Chuck K. (Hayward, CA); Walker, Jeffrey (Gaithersburg, MD); Russell, Paige (Las Vegas, NV); Kirkwood, Jon (Saint Leonard, MD); Yang, Nancy (Lafayette, CA); Champagne, Victor (Oxford, PA)

    2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    104

    Corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of forming a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising the steps of spray or deposition or sputtering or welding processing to form a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material. Also a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material.

    Choi, Jor-Shan; Farmer, Joseph C; Lee, Chuck K; Walker, Jeffrey; Russell, Paige; Kirkwood, Jon; Yang, Nancy; Champagne, Victor

    2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    105

    Electrically conductive polymer concrete coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A sprayable electrically conductive polymer concrete coating for vertical and overhead applications is described. The coating is permeable yet has low electrical resistivity (<10 ohm-cm), good bond strength to concrete substrates, and good weatherability. A preferred formulation contains about 60 wt% calcined coke breeze, 40 wt% vinyl ester resin with 3.5 wt% modified bentonite clay. Such formulations apply evenly and provide enough rigidity for vertical or overhead structures so there is no drip or sag. 4 tabs.

    Fontana, J.J.; Elling, D.; Reams, W.

    1988-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    106

    Electrically conductive polymer concrete coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A sprayable electrically conductive polymer concrete coating for vertical d overhead applications is described. The coating is permeable yet has low electrical resistivity (<10 ohm-cm), good bond strength to concrete substrates, and good weatherability. A preferred formulation contains about 60 wt % calcined coke breeze, 40 wt % vinyl ester with 3.5 wt % modified bentonite clay. Such formulations apply evenly and provide enough rigidity for vertical or overhead structures so there is no drip or sag.

    Fontana, Jack J. (Shirley, NY); Elling, David (Centereach, NY); Reams, Walter (Shirley, NY)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    107

    Coated glass in the automotive industry  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Inorganic coatings on glasses have reached the level where they will certainly be applied in the automotive industry in order to solve such glazing problems as heat load, heat loss, glare, UV adsorption, disturbed reflections, electromagnetic influence and thermal insulation. Their widespread use will depend on optimising the solution to problems of solar control and heatable glasses while the glass is also capable of the other functions required of it, thus justifying the relatively high cost that is predicted. There remain unsolved problems in optical limits and colour matching. When these are solved solar control glasses are likely to give real advantages in terms of air conditioning and comfort, and heatable glasses will be used in association with electrical power for demisting and deicing. Particular attention is being directed to a class of infrared reflecting and heatable glasses, obtained by selectively coating transparent plastic films that are embedded or bonded in laminated or tempered glasses. Fabricating this type of glasses has mainly been useful for two reasons: (I) to develop versatile techniques to make solar control IR reflecting and heatable glasses for all kinds and dimensions of vehicle glazing; and (2) to assess whether these glasses are really feasible alternatives to directly coated glasses. This paper describes results of some solar control experiments in Fiat cars: to ascertain the actual internal temperature differences found when glazing vehicles with the absorbing and reflecting IR glasses currently available; and to obtain results with a similar purpose using heatable glasses. There is also discussion of how the glasses could be used in glazing all or parts of a car's windows / especially addressing problems of glare. Suggestions are made of the directions of this research in the future.

    G. Manfre

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    108

    SULFUR CHEMISTRY IN THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM: THE EFFECT OF VIBRATIONAL EXCITATION OF H{sub 2} IN THE REACTION S{sup +}+H{sub 2} ?SH{sup +}+H  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Specific rate constants for the S{sup +}+H{sub 2} reaction are calculated using the ground quartet state potential energy surface and quasi-classical trajectories method. The calculations are performed for H{sub 2} in different vibrational states v = 0-4 and thermal conditions for rotational and translational energies. The calculations lead to slow rate constants for the H{sub 2} vibrational levels v = 0, 1, but a significant enhancement of reactivity is observed when v > 1. The inverse reaction is also studied and rate constants for v = 0 are presented. For comparison, we also recompile previous results of state-to-state rate constants of the C{sup +}+H{sub 2} for H{sub 2} in rovibrational state v, j = (0,0), (1,0), (1,1), and (2,0). The calculated rate coefficients are fitted using an improved form of the standard three-parameter Arrhenius-like equation, which is found to be very accurate in fitting rate constants over a wide range of temperatures (10-4000 K). We investigate the impact of the calculated rate coefficients on the formation of SH{sup +} in the photon-dominated region Orion Bar and find an abundance enhancement of nearly three orders of magnitude when the reaction of S{sup +} with vibrationally excited H{sub 2} is taken into account. The title reaction is thus one of the principal mechanisms in forming SH{sup +} in interstellar clouds.

    Zanchet, Alexandre; Herrero, Victor J. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (IEM-CSIC), C.S.I.C. Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Agúndez, Marcelino [University Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac (France); Aguado, Alfredo [Unidad Asociada UAM-CSIC. Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Roncero, Octavio [Instituto de Física Fundamental (IFF-CSIC), C.S.I.C. Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    109

    Effect of SOFC Interconnect-Coating Interactions on Coating Properties and Performance  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The high operating temperature of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) provides good fuel flexibility which expands potential applications, but also creates materials challenges. One such challenge is the interconnect material, which was the focus of this project. In particular, the objective of the project was to understand the interaction between the interconnect alloy and ceramic coatings which are needed to minimize chromium volatilization and the associated chromium poisoning of the SOFC cathode. This project focused on coatings based on manganese cobalt oxide spinel phases (Mn,Co)3O4, which have been shown to be effective as coatings for ferritic stainless steel alloys. Analysis of diffusion couples was used to develop a model to describe the interaction between (Mn,Co)3O4 and Cr2O3 in which a two-layer reaction zone is formed. Both layers form the spinel structure, but the concentration gradients at the interface appear like a two-phase boundary suggesting that a miscibility gap is present in the spinel solid solution. A high-chromium spinel layer forms in contact with Cr2O3 and grows by diffusion of manganese and cobalt from the coating material to the Cr2O3. The effect of coating composition, including the addition of dopants, was evaluated and indicated that the reaction rate could be decreased with additions of iron, titanium, nickel and copper. Diffusion couples using stainless steel alloys (which form a chromia scale) had some similarities and some differences as compared to those with Cr2O3. The most notable difference was that the high-chromium spinel layer did not form in the diffusion couples with stainless steel alloys. This difference can be explained using the reaction model developed in this project. In particular, the chromia scale grows at the expense of the alloy, the high-chromia layer grows at the expense of chromia scale and the high-chromia layer is consumed by diffusion of chromium into the coating material. If the last process (dissolution of high-chromium spinel phase) is faster than the second process (formation of high-chromium spinel phase), the high-chromium layer may be consumed. The other important result of this mechanism is that it could result in a constant scale thickness if the scale forms at the same rate as it is consumed. This helps to explain the unexpected observation that the area specific resistance (ASR) of a SOFC with a (Mn,Co)3O4-coated ferritic stainless steel cathode becomes constant after long exposures. The project also evaluated the possibility of reducing the chromium content in a stainless steel alloy using experimental alloys. The conclusion of this evaluation is that at least 17-18% chromium is needed for good oxidation resistance is needed even if the alloy is coated with a spinel coating. Additional details on these findings are provided in a later section of this report and in the publications listed below.

    Jeffrey W. Fergus

    2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    110

    Hierarchy of Simulation Models in Predicting Structure and Energetics of the Src SH2 Domain Binding to Tyrosyl Phosphopeptides  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Gennady M. Verkhivker ,* Djamal Bouzida , Daniel K. Gehlhaar , Paul A. Rejto , Lana Schaffer , Sandra Arthurs , Anthony B. Colson , Stephan T. Freer , Veda Larson , Brock A. Luty , Tami Marrone , and Peter W. Rose ... (33)?Shakespeare, W. C.; Bohacek, R. S.; Azimioara, M. D.; Macek, K. J.; Luke, G. P.; Dalgarno, D. C.; Hatada, M. H.; Lu, X.; Violette, S. M.; Bartlett, C.; Sawyer, T. K. Structure-based Design of Novel Bicyclic Nonpeptide Inhibitors for the Src SH2 Domain. ...

    Gennady M. Verkhivker; Djamal Bouzida; Daniel K. Gehlhaar; Paul A. Rejto; Lana Schaffer; Sandra Arthurs; Anthony B. Colson; Stephan T. Freer; Veda Larson; Brock A. Luty; Tami Marrone; Peter W. Rose

    2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    111

    Friction and wear characteristics of ceramic nanocomposite coatings: Titanium carbide/amorphous hydrocarbon  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friction and wear characteristics of titanium-containing amorphous hydrocarbon (Ti--C:H) coatings were measured during unlubricated sliding against WC--Co. These Ti--C:H coatings consist of nanocrystalline TiC clusters embedded in an amorphous hydrocarbon (a-C:H) matrix, i.e., they are TiC/a-C:H nanocomposites. The elastic modulus and hardness of the coatings exhibit smooth variations with increasing Ti composition. In contrast, a relatively abrupt transition occurs in the friction coefficient and wear rate of the coatings over a relatively narrow (20--30 at. %) Ti composition range. Our results reveal bimodal friction and wear behaviors for the TiC/a-C:H nanocomposites, a-C:H like at Ti compositions below 20%, and TiC like at Ti compositions above 30%. The two different wear mechanisms that operate as the volume fraction of nanocrystalline TiC clusters changes are discussed.

    Cao, D. M.; Feng, B.; Meng, W. J.; Rehn, L. E.; Baldo, P. M.; Khonsari, M. M.

    2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    112

    Coatings for hot section gas turbine components  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Components in the hot section of gas turbines are protected from the environment by oxidation-resistant coatings while thermal barrier coatings are applied to reduce the metal operating temperature of blades and vanes. The integrity of these protective coatings is an issue of major concern in current gas turbine designs. Premature cracking of the protective layer in oxidation-resistant coatings and of the interface in thermal barrier coating systems has become one of the life limiting factors of coated components in gas turbines. Following a brief overview of the state-of-the-art of coated material systems with respect to coating types and their status of application, the fracture mechanisms and mechanics of coated systems are presented and discussed.

    J. Bressers; S. Peteves; M. Steen

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    113

    Sputtering process and apparatus for coating powders  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process and apparatus for coating small particles and fibers. The process involves agitation by vibrating or tumbling the particles or fibers to promote coating uniformly, removing adsorbed gases and static charges from the particles or fibers by an initial plasma cleaning, and coating the particles or fibers with one or more coatings, a first coating being an adhesion coating, and with subsequent coatings being deposited in-situ to prevent contamination at layer interfaces. The first coating is of an adhesion forming element (i.e. W, Zr, Re, Cr, Ti) of a 100-10,000 .ANG. thickness and the second coating or final coating of a multiple (0.1-10 microns) being Cu or Ag, for example for brazing processes, or other desired materials that defines the new surface related properties of the particles. An essential feature of the coating process is the capability to deposit in-situ without interruption to prevent the formation of a contaminated interface that could adversely affect the coating adhesion. The process may include screening of the material to be coated and either continuous or intermittent vibration to prevent agglomeration of the material to be coated.

    Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Alford, Craig S. (Tracy, CA); McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    114

    Gold-Coated Nanoparticles For Use In Biotechnology Applications  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gold-Coated Nanoparticles For Use In Biotechnology Applications Gold-Coated Nanoparticles For Use In Biotechnology Applications A process of preparing gold-coated magnetic...

    115

    Innovative Cathode Coating Enables Faster Battery Charging, Dischargin...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    available for licensing: Coating increases electrical conductivity of cathode materials Coating does not hinder battery performance Provides two coating processes that...

    116

    Tribological performance of hybrid filtered arc-magnetron coatings...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tribological performance of hybrid filtered arc-magnetron coatings - Part I: Coating deposition process and basic coating Tribological performance of hybrid filtered arc-magnetron...

    117

    HVOF coatings of Diamalloy 2002 and Diamalloy 4010 onto steel: Tensile and bending response of coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HVOF coating of Diamalloy 2002 powders and Diamalloy 4010 powders as well as two-layered coatings consisting of these powders is carried out. In the two-layered structure, Diamalloy 4010 is sprayed at the substrate surface while Diamalloy 2002 is sprayed on the top of Diamalloy 4010 coating. The mechanical properties of the coatings are examined through tensile and three-point bending tests. The coating microstructure and morphology are examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). It is found that the coating produced is free from defects including voids and cracks. The failure mechanism of coating during tensile and three-point bending tests is mainly crack formation and propagation in the coating. The elastic modulus of coating produced from Diamalloy 2002 is higher than that of Diamalloy 4010 coating, which is due to the presence of 12% WC in the coating.

    Al-Shehri, Y. A.; Hashmi, M. S. J. [School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Eng., DCU, Dublin (Ireland); Yilbas, B. S. [Mech. Eng. Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    118

    Evaluation of End Mill Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milling tests were run on families of High Speed Steel (HSS) end mills to determine their lives while machining 304 Stainless Steel. The end mills tested were made from M7, M42 and T15-CPM High Speed Steels. The end mills were also evaluated with no coatings as well as with Titanium Nitride (TiN) and Titanium Carbo-Nitride (TiCN) coatings to determine which combination of HSS and coating provided the highest increase in end mill life while increasing the cost of the tool the least. We found end mill made from M42 gave us the largest increase in tool life with the least increase in cost. The results of this study will be used by Cutting Tool Engineering in determining which end mill descriptions will be dropped from our tool catalog.

    L. J. Lazarus; R. L. Hester,

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    119

    Coated carbon nanotube array electrodes  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention provides conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode materials comprising aligned CNT substrates coated with an electrically conducting polymer, and the fabrication of electrodes for use in high performance electrical energy storage devices. In particular, the present invention provides conductive CNTs electrode material whose electrical properties render them especially suitable for use in high efficiency rechargeable batteries. The present invention also provides methods for obtaining surface modified conductive CNT electrode materials comprising an array of individual linear, aligned CNTs having a uniform surface coating of an electrically conductive polymer such as polypyrrole, and their use in electrical energy storage devices.

    Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Wen, Jian (Newton, MA); Chen, Jinghua (Chestnut Hill, MA); Huang, Zhongping (Belmont, MA); Wang, Dezhi (Wellesley, MA)

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    120

    Laser-based coatings removal  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Over the years as building and equipment surfaces became contaminated with low levels of uranium or plutonium dust, coats of paint were applied to stabilize the contaminants in place. Most of the earlier paint used was lead-based paint. More recently, various non-lead-based paints, such as two-part epoxy, are used. For D & D (decontamination and decommissioning), it is desirable to remove the paints or other coatings rather than having to tear down and dispose of the entire building.

    Freiwald, J.G.; Freiwald, D.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    121

    High-Performance Nanostructured Coating  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The High-Performance Nanostructured Coating fact sheet details a SunShot project led by a University of California, San Diego research team working to develop a new high-temperature spectrally selective coating for receiver surfaces. These receiver surfaces, used in concentrating solar power systems, rely on high-temperature SSCs to effectively absorb solar energy without emitting much blackbody radiation.The optical properties of the SSC directly determine the efficiency and maximum attainable temperature of solar receivers, which in turn influence the power-conversion efficiency and overall system cost.

    122

    Coated foams, preparation, uses and articles  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hydrophobic cellular material is coated with a thin hydrophilic polymer skin which stretches tightly over the foam but which does not fill the cells of the foam, thus resulting in a polymer-coated foam structure having a smoothness which was not possible in the prior art. In particular, when the hydrophobic cellular material is a specially chosen hydrophobic polymer foam and is formed into arbitrarily chosen shapes prior to the coating with hydrophilic polymer, inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets of arbitrary shapes can be produced by subsequently coating the shapes with metal or with any other suitable material. New articles of manufacture are produced, including improved ICF targets, improved integrated circuits, and improved solar reflectors and solar collectors. In the coating method, the cell size of the hydrophobic cellular material, the viscosity of the polymer solution used to coat, and the surface tension of the polymer solution used to coat are all very important to the coating.

    Duchane, D.V.; Barthell, B.L.

    1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    123

    High Temperature Corrosion Behavior of Iron Aluminide Alloys and Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A multi-year effort has been focused on optimizing the long-term oxidation performance of ingot-processed (IP) and oxide-dispersion strengthened (ODS) Fe{sub 3}Al and iron aluminide-based coatings. Based on results from several composition iterations, a Hf-doped alloy (Fe-28Al-2Cr-0.05at.%Hf) has been developed with significantly better high temperature oxidation resistance than other iron aluminides. The scale adhesion is not significantly better; however, the {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} scale grows at a slower rate, approximately a factor of 10 less than undoped iron aluminide. The benefit of Hf is greatest at 1100-1200 C. Long-term oxidation resistance of commercially fabricated ODS Fe{sub 3}Al has been determined and compared to commercially available ODS FeCrAl. Scale spallation rates for ODS Fe{sub 3}Al are higher than for ODS FeCrAl. To complement studies of iron-aluminide weld-overlay coatings, carbon steel was coated with Fe-Al-Cr by thermal spraying. These specimens were then exposed in air at 900 and 1000 C and in air-1%SO{sub 2} at 800 C. Most likely due to an inadequate aluminum concentration in the coatings, continuous protective Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} could not be maintained and, consequently, the corrosion performance was significantly worse than what is normally observed for Fe{sub 3}Al.

    Pint, B.A.

    2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    124

    Friction- and wear-reducing coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A coating includes a first layer of a ceramic alloy and a second layer disposed on the first layer and including carbon. The coating has a hardness of from 10 to 20 GPa and a coefficient of friction of less than or equal to 0.12. A method of coating a substrate includes cleaning the substrate, forming the first layer on the substrate, and depositing the second layer onto the first layer to thereby coat the substrate.

    Zhu, Dong (Farmington Hills, MI); Milner, Robert (Warren, MI); Elmoursi, Alaa AbdelAzim (Troy, MI)

    2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    125

    Thermal spray coatings on Yankee dryers  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Several failure investigations and recent research on thermal spray coatings on Yankee dryer surfaces show at least three modes of environmentally induced degradation. Corrosion may occur with the ingress of certain chemicals into coating pores. Erosion or corrosion is manifested by streaks at local sites of high doctor blade loading. Erosion and cracking occur due to coating parameters, thermal stress, and differential expansion. While most of the results described in this paper are from investigations of molybdenum, stainless steel coatings also are discussed.

    Bowers, D.F. (Packer Engineering, Inc., Naperville, IL (United States))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    126

    Insulator coating for high temperature alloys method for producing insulator coating for high temperature alloys  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method for fabricating an electrically insulating coating on a surface is disclosed comprising coating the surface with a metal, and reacting the metal coated surface with a nonmetal so as to create a film on the metal-coated surface. Alternatively, the invention provides for a method for producing a noncorrosive, electrically insulating coating on a surface saturated with a nonmetal comprising supplying a molten fluid, dissolving a metal in the molten fluid to create a mixture, and contacting the mixture with the saturated surface. Lastly, the invention provides an electrically insulative coating comprising an underlying structural substrate coated with an oxide or nitride compound. 2 figs.

    Park, J.H.

    1998-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    127

    RAPID-CURE COATINGS SYSTEM  

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    The Naval Research Laboratory has developed a durable, rapid cure coatings system that is designed for harsh environments. Developed for the maritime industry, it is suit-able for the interior & exterior of shipboard structures and tanks as well as other appli-cations where performance counts...

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    128

    UNDERWATER COATINGS FOR CONTAMINATION CONTROL  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) deactivated several aging nuclear fuel storage basins. Planners for this effort were greatly concerned that radioactive contamination present on the basin walls could become airborne as the sides of the basins became exposed during deactivation and allowed to dry after water removal. One way to control this airborne contamination was to fix the contamination in place while the pool walls were still submerged. There are many underwater coatings available on the market for marine, naval and other applications. A series of tests were run to determine whether the candidate underwater fixatives were easily applied and adhered well to the substrates (pool wall materials) found in INL fuel pools. Lab-scale experiments were conducted by applying fourteen different commercial underwater coatings to four substrate materials representative of the storage basin construction materials, and evaluating their performance. The coupons included bare concrete, epoxy painted concrete, epoxy painted carbon steel, and stainless steel. The evaluation criteria included ease of application, adherence to the four surfaces of interest, no change on water clarity or chemistry, non-hazardous in final applied form and be proven in underwater applications. A proprietary two-part, underwater epoxy owned by S. G. Pinney and Associates was selected from the underwater coatings tested for application to all four pools. Divers scrubbed loose contamination off the basin walls and floors using a ship hull scrubber and vacuumed up the sludge. The divers then applied the coating using a special powered roller with two separate heated hoses that allowed the epoxy to mix at the roller surface was used to eliminate pot time concerns. The walls were successfully coated and water was removed from the pools with no detectable airborne contamination releases.

    Julia L. Tripp; Kip Archibald; Ann Marie Phillips; Joseph Campbell

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    129

    Coated Particle Fuel Development Lab (CPFDL) | ORNL  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coated Particle Fuel Development Lab Coated Particle Fuel Development Lab May 30, 2013 Computer controlled fluidized bed CVD particle coating system The Coated Particle Fuel Development Laboratory is a modern, integrated facility for laboratory scale fabrication and characterization of uranium-bearing coated particle fuel (CPF). Within this facility, tri-isotropic (TRISO) coatings are deposited on various fuel kernels by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), particles are pressed into fuel compacts for irradiation, and state-of-the-art materials property characterization is performed, all under an NQA-1 compliant Quality Assurance program. Current work includes fabrication and characterization of coated particle fuels to support the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, Advanced Small Modular Reactors, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion, and Advanced Light Water Reactor

    130

    Electrical contact arrangement for a coating process  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A protective coating is applied to the electrically conductive surface of a reflective coating of a solar mirror by biasing a conductive member having a layer of a malleable electrically conductive material, e.g. a paste, against a portion of the conductive surface while moving an electrodepositable coating composition over the conductive surface. The moving of the electrodepositable coating composition over the conductive surface includes moving the solar mirror through a flow curtain of the electrodepositable coating composition and submerging the solar mirror in a pool of the electrodepositable coating composition. The use of the layer of a malleable electrically conductive material between the conductive member and the conductive surface compensates for irregularities in the conductive surface being contacted during the coating process thereby reducing the current density at the electrical contact area.

    Kabagambe, Benjamin; McCamy, James W; Boyd, Donald W

    2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    131

    Armor systems including coated core materials  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An armor system and method involves providing a core material and a stream of atomized coating material that comprises a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. An initial layer is deposited on the core material by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is less than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis. An outer layer is then deposited on the initial layer by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is greater than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis.

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    132

    Armor systems including coated core materials  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An armor system and method involves providing a core material and a stream of atomized coating material that comprises a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. An initial layer is deposited on the core material by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is less than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis. An outer layer is then deposited on the initial layer by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is greater than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis.

    Chu, Henry S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lillo, Thomas M. (Idaho Falls, ID); McHugh, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    133

    Plasma and Ion Sources in Large Area Coatings: A Review  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efficient deposition of high-quality coatings often requires controlled application of excited or ionized particles. These particles are either condensing (film-forming) or assisting by providing energy and momentum to the film growth process, resulting in densification, sputtering/etching, modification of stress, roughness, texture, etc. In this review, the technical means are surveyed enabling large area application of ions and plasmas, with ion energies ranging from a few eV to a few keV. Both semiconductortype large area (single wafer or batch processing with {approx} 1000 cm{sup 2}) and in-line web and glass-coating-type large area (> 10{sup 7} m{sup 2} annually) are considered. Characteristics and differences between plasma and ion sources are explained. The latter include gridded and gridless sources. Many examples are given, including sources based on DC, RF, and microwave discharges, some with special geometries like hollow cathodes and E x B configurations.

    Anders, Andre

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    134

    Phased?Array Focusing Potential in Pipe with Viscoelastic Coating  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    This work investigates the effectiveness of traditional guided?wave focusing techniques in piping with viscoelastic coating. Focusing results for an uncoated pipe are compared to that of pipe with a fusion?bonded epoxy coating a coal?tar mastic coating a coal?tar epoxy coating a coal?tar tape coating a wax coating and an enamel coating. Experimental results are compared to computationally derived models. Results show that for most coating types focusing can be achieved without special consideration of the coating. This is significant in that it demonstrates the immediate applicability of traditional focusing techniques to coated pipeline.

    J. K. Van Velsor; L. Zhang; L. J. Breon; J. L. Rose

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    135

    Flaw Shape Reconstruction from SH-Wave Array Ultrasonic Data Using Time Domain Linearized Inverse Scattering Method  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A linearized inverse scattering method, so called the Kirchhoff inversion, is formulated in time domain for SH-waves measured by a contact ultrasonic transducer and tested using experimental data. The data for reconstruction are experimentally obtained by measuring ultrasonic echoes from artificial flaws in steel plate specimens. For an efficient and accurate data collection, a contact SH-wave linear array transducer is used. The shapes of the artificial flaws are reconstructed by the Kirchhoff inversion and the conventional SAFT (Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique) using the waves from a single ray path. Comparison of the two methods shows that the Kirchhoff inversion works well for experimental data and outperforms SAFT although only an illuminated portion of the flaw boundaries is reconstructed by either method. In order to gain more information on the flaw boundaries, the Kirchhoff inversion which takes into account multiple ray paths is also tested with the same experimental data. As a result, it is shown that a larger part of the flaw boundaries can be visualized by considering the multiple ray paths.

    Kimoto, K.; Hirose, S. [Department of Mechanical and Environmental Informatics, Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)

    2005-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    136

    Findings in seal coat design  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa (NITRR) and its members Dr. Claude P. Marais, Dr. Alex T. Visser and Dr. C. J. Semmelink for furnishing the relevant data and figures presented in this report. Finally this thesis and accomplishments are dedicated to my project Principal... Volume. 1. Embedment 2. Wear and Degradation. 3. Skid Resistance. 35 40 41 43 44 V SOUTH AFRICANS' RATIONAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF SEAL COATS AND SURFACE TREATMENT. . 50 A. Background. B. Marais' Rational Approach. 1. Aggregate Spread Rate...

    Gonzalez Palmer, Miguel Angel

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    137

    High temperature solar selective coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Improved solar collectors (40) comprising glass tubing (42) attached to bellows (44) by airtight seals (56) enclose solar absorber tubes (50) inside an annular evacuated space (54. The exterior surfaces of the solar absorber tubes (50) are coated with improved solar selective coatings {48} which provide higher absorbance, lower emittance and resistance to atmospheric oxidation at elevated temperatures. The coatings are multilayered structures comprising solar absorbent layers (26) applied to the meta surface of the absorber tubes (50), typically stainless steel, topped with antireflective Savers (28) comprising at least two layers 30, 32) of refractory metal or metalloid oxides (such as titania and silica) with substantially differing indices of refraction in adjacent layers. Optionally, at least one layer of a noble metal such as platinum can be included between some of the layers. The absorbent layers cars include cermet materials comprising particles of metal compounds is a matrix, which can contain oxides of refractory metals or metalloids such as silicon. Reflective layers within the coating layers can comprise refractory metal silicides and related compounds characterized by the formulas TiSi. Ti.sub.3SiC.sub.2, TiAlSi, TiAN and similar compounds for Zr and Hf. The titania can be characterized by the formulas TiO.sub.2, Ti.sub.3O.sub.5. TiOx or TiO.sub.xN.sub.1-x with x 0 to 1. The silica can be at least one of SiO.sub.2, SiO.sub.2x or SiO.sub.2xN.sub.1-x with x=0 to 1.

    Kennedy, Cheryl E

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    138

    Figure 7-1: Amphibian locator map ShAwn R. KuchtA  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be fair, Linnaean taxonomy was developed before charles darwin published his theory of evolution, and thus. for example, some desert lizards maintain their bodies at temperatures high enough to overheat and kill most. A mammal shaped like a snake, for example, would loose heat too quickly to be physiologically viable

    Kuchta, Shawn R.

    139

    Neutron-reflectometry study of alcohol adsorption on various DLC coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings are notable for their excellent tribological properties. Our understanding of the lubrication of DLC coatings has improved drastically over the past decade. However, only a few details are known about the properties of the adsorbed layers on DLC, which crucially affect their tribological properties under lubricated conditions. In this work we used neutron reflectometry to determine the thickness and the density of adsorbed layers of alcohol molecules on several different types of DLC coatings, i.e., non-hydrogenated (a-C) and hydrogenated, of which both non-doped (a-C:H) and doped (a-C:H:F and a-C:H:Si) coatings were used. The results showed that a 0.9-nm-thick and relatively dense (?45%) layer of alcohol adsorbed on the a-C coating. In contrast, no adsorption layer was found on the a-C:H, confirming the important role of hydrogen, which predominantly acts as a dangling-bond passivation source and affects the reactivity and tribochemistry of DLC coatings. The incorporation of F into a DLC coating also did not cause an increase in the adsorption ability with respect to alcohol molecules. On the contrary, the incorporation of Si increased the reactivity of the DLC coating so that a 1.3-nm-thick alcohol layer with a 35% bulk density was detected on the surface. We also discuss the very good agreement of the current results with the surface energy of selected coatings found in these experiments.

    M. Kalin; R. Simi?; T. Hirayama; T. Geue; P. Korelis

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    140

    Kinetic regulation of coated vesicle secretion  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The secretion of vesicles for intracellular transport often rely on the aggregation of specialized membrane-bound proteins into a coat able to curve cell membranes. The nucleation and growth of a protein coat is a kinetic process that competes with the energy-consuming turnover of coat components between the membrane and the cytosol. We propose a generic kinetic description of coat assembly and the formation of coated vesicles, and discuss its implication to the dynamics of COP vesicles that traffic within the Golgi and with the Endoplasmic Reticulum. We show that stationary coats of fixed area emerge from the competition between coat growth and the recycling of coat components, in a fashion resembling the treadmilling of cytoskeletal filaments. We further show that the turnover of coat components allows for a highly sensitive switching mechanism between a quiescent and a vesicle producing membrane, upon a slowing down of the exchange kinetics. We claim that the existence of this switching behaviour, also triggered by factors such as the presence of cargo and variation of the membrane mechanical tension, allows for efficient regulation of vesicle secretion. We propose a model, supported by different experimental observations, in which vesiculation of secretory membranes is impaired by the energy consuming desorption of coat proteins, until the presence of cargo or other factors triggers a dynamical switch into a vesicle producing state.

    Lionel Foret; Pierre Sens

    2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    141

    Electrodeposited coatings for diamond turning applications  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Electrodeposited coatings are attractive for precision machining operations because thick coatings can be economically applied, with good adhesion, to a variety of substrates. Approximately 20 pure metals and a large number of alloys can be deposited from aqueous solutions. Fused salt and organic solvent electrolytes can be used to lengthen the list of metals that can be electrodeposited. However, both the choice of the metallic coating and the control of the plating process are critical for success in precision finishing of electrodeposited coatings. Some preliminary results at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory suggest that electrodeposited nickel-phosphorus alloys are excellent coatings for single point diamond turning from the standpoint of material properties and low tool wear. Electrodeposited aluminum and aluminum alloy coatings also merit consideration for precision finishing where weight is an important factor. 10 refs., 6 figs.

    Mayer, A.; Bramlett, R.D.; Day, R.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Evans, C.J.; Polvani, R.S. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (USA))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    142

    Surface roughness of anodized titanium coatings.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samples of grade five 6Al4V titanium alloy were coated with two commercial fluoropolymer anodizations (Tiodize and Canadize) and compared. Neither coating demonstrates significant outgassing. The coatings show very similar elemental analysis, except for the presence of lead in the Canadize coating, which may account for its lower surface friction in humid environments. Surface roughness has been compared by SEM, contact profilometry, optical profilometry, power spectral density and bidirectional scattering distribution function (BSDF). The Tiodize film is slightly smoother by all measurement methods, but the Canadize film shows slightly less scatter at all angles of incidence. Both films exhibited initial friction coefficients of 0.2 to 0.4, increasing to 0.4 to 0.8 after 1000 cycles of sliding due to wear of the coating and ball. The coatings are very similar and should behave identically in most applications.

    Dugger, Michael Thomas; Chinn, Douglas Alan

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    143

    On Coating Durability of Polymer Coated Sheet Metal under Plastic Deformation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    process. Thus, the effect of plastic deformation on coating adhesion is of primary interest to many engineers and researchers. This research aims at developing a methodology to predict the adhesion of coating after metal forming processes. A pull...

    Huang, Yu-Hsuan

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    144

    AOC opens gel-coat facility  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    AOC HAS extended its service to North American customers with the opening of a new facility for the development and production of gel-coats at its Collierville, Tennessee, USA, headquarters. The new gel-coat centre is said to be ‘world-class’. The company already operates gel-coat facilities in Canada and Mexico. This is a short news story only. Visit www.reinforcedplastics.com for the latest plastics industry news.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    145

    Coated Metal Articles and Method of Making  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The method of protectively coating metallic uranium which comprises dipping the metallic uranium in a molten alloy comprising about 20-75% of copper and about 80-25% of tin, dipping the coated uranium promptly into molten tin, withdrawing it from the molten tin and removing excess molten metal, thereupon dipping it into a molten metal bath comprising aluminum until it is coated with this metal, then promptly withdrawing it from the bath.

    Boller, Ernest R.; Eubank, Lowell D.

    2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    146

    Effect of coating on the hygric performance of a hemp concrete wall Yacine At Oumziane 1  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concrete, coating ABSTRACT Constructions built with environmentally friendly materials like hemp concrete know currently a real development thanks to their low environmental impact and their interesting thermo In the context of sustainable development, one of the concerns in building construction is the choice

    Boyer, Edmond

    147

    Metallic Bipolar Plates with Composite Coatings  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bipolar Plates with Composite Coatings Jennifer Mawdsley Argonne National Laboratory Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff Meeting Washington DC October 1, 2009 2 Metallic Bipolar Plates with...

    148

    QUARTER SH OR T-T ER M EN ER GY OU TL OO K QUAR TERL Y PROJ  

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 1 2 QUARTER SH OR T-T ER M EN ER GY OU TL OO K QUAR TERL Y PROJ ECTIO NS ENERGY INFORMA TION ADMINIST RATION May 1991 This publication may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Purchasing in formation for this or other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be obtained from the Government Printing Office or ElA's National Energy Information Center. Questions on energy statistics should be directed to the Center by mail, telephone, or telecommunications device for the hearing impaired. Addresses, telephone numbers, and hours are as follows: National Energy Information Center, El-231 Energy Information Administration Forrestal Building, Room 1F-048 Washington, DC 20585 (202) 586-8800 Telecommunications Device for the

    149

    Coatings in geothermal energy production  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Geothermal energy has a forecasted potential of 25000 MW years of electrical and 16 000-67 000 MW years of thermal energy capacity by the year 2000. Current estimates indicate that lower temperature resources exist in at least 39 states. The development of these resources requires a wide range of cost-effective materials. The purpose of this paper is to review geothermal conditions and the present use of coatings in geothermal production, and to assess the potential for their future applications. The early identification of such materials needs is an essential step for planning the total requirements for well drilling and facilities construction in all sectors of the energy program.

    Robert R. Reeber

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    150

    Underwater Coatings for Contamination Control  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is deactivating several fuel storage basins. Airborne contamination is a concern when the sides of the basins are exposed and allowed to dry during water removal. One way of controlling this airborne contamination is to fix the contamination in place while the pool walls are still submerged. There are many underwater coatings available on the market that are used in marine, naval and other applications. A series of tests were run to determine whether the candidate underwater fixatives are easily applied and adhere well to the substrates (pool wall materials) found in INEEL fuel pools. The four pools considered included 1) Test Area North (TAN-607) with epoxy painted concrete walls; 2) Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) (CPP-603) with bare concrete walls; 3) Materials Test Reactor (MTR) Canal with stainless steel lined concrete walls; and 4) Power Burst Facility (PBF-620) with stainless steel lined concrete walls on the bottom and epoxy painted carbon steel lined walls on the upper portions. Therefore, the four materials chosen for testing included bare concrete, epoxy painted concrete, epoxy painted carbon steel, and stainless steel. The typical water temperature of the pools varies from 55oF to 80oF dependent on the pool and the season. These tests were done at room temperature. The following criteria were used during this evaluation. The underwater coating must: · Be easy to apply · Adhere well to the four surfaces of interest · Not change or have a negative impact on water chemistry or clarity · Not be hazardous in final applied form · Be proven in other underwater applications. In addition, it is desirable for the coating to have a high pigment or high cross-link density to prevent radiation from penetrating. This paper will detail the testing completed and the test results. A proprietary two-part, underwater epoxy owned by S. G. Pinney and Associates was selected to be applied by divers after scrubbing loose contamination off the basin walls and floors using a ship hull scrubber and vacuuming up the sludge. A special powered roller with two separate heated hoses that allowed the epoxy to mix at the roller surface was used to eliminate pot time concerns. The walls were successfully coated and water was removed from the pool with no airborne contamination problems.

    Julia L. Tripp; Kip Archibald; Ann-Marie Phillips; Joseph Campbell

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    151

    Laboratory coating evaluation and its relationship with the selection to protect pipeline against external corrosion  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    There are several pipeline external coatings classified into different types, among them are extruded and tape polyethylene, fusion bonded epoxy (FBE), coal tar enamel, coal tar epoxy, polyurethane, wax, cementitious epoxy and multilayer systems. These coatings are assumed to protect the pipeline for a certain period of time. In order to select the most appropriate coating, several accelerated laboratory tests need to be carried out to obtain their properties and correlate them with the performance in the field. Cathodic disbonding tests at different temperatures and voltages, adhesion at different temperatures, impact resistance, loss of adhesion against time under water immersion conditions, differential scanning calorimetry analysis and water uptake are the most important tests to carry out in this study. The results indicate that coatings perform differently in each test. For this reason the selection must be done according to the soil characteristics, considering the results obtained in laboratory. This paper will provide a guideline to select a coating for a specific environment and the results that should be expected in the field. For example, the multilayer system presented the best performance like low cathodic disbonding, excellent adhesion, high impact resistance, excellent behavior under hot water immersion and high temperature resistance. This system can be used in all types of soil with high life time expectancy in protecting the pipeline. On the other hand, the polyurethane coating presented high impact resistance but very low adhesion and high cathodic disbonding that limits its use in corrosive soil.

    Rodriguez, V.; Perozo, E.; Castafieda, L.; Alvarez, E. [INTEVEP, S.A., Caracas (Venezuela). Material Technology Dept.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    152

    Thermal coatings for titanium-aluminum alloys  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titanium aluminides and titanium alloys are candidate materials for use in hot structure and heat-shield components of hypersonic vehicles because of their good strength-to-weight characteristics at elevated temperature. However, in order to utilize their maximum temperature capability, they must be coated to resist oxidation and to have a high total remittance. Also, surface catalysis for recombination of dissociated species in the aerodynamic boundary layer must be minimized. Very thin chemical vapor deposition (CVD) coatings are attractive candidates for this application because of durability and very light weight. To demonstrate this concept, coatings of boron-silicon and aluminum-boron-silicon compositions were applied to the titanium-aluminides alpha2 (Ti-14Al-21Nb), super-alpha2 (Ti-14Al-23-Nb-2V), and gamma (Ti-33Al-6Nb-1Ta) and to the titanium alloy beta-21S (Ti-15Mo-3Al-3Nb-0.2Si). Coated specimens of each alloy were subjected to a set of simulated hypersonic vehicle environmental tests to determine their properties of oxidation resistance, surface catalysis, radiative emittance, and thermal shock resistance. Surface catalysis results should be viewed as relative performance only of the several coating-alloy combinations tested under the specific environmental conditions of the LaRC Hypersonic Materials Environmental Test System (HYMETS) arc-plasma-heated hypersonic wind tunnel. Tests were also conducted to evaluate the hydrogen transport properties of the coatings and any effects of the coating processing itself on fatigue life of the base alloys. Results are presented for three types of coatings, which are as follows: (1) a single layer boron silicon coating, (2) a single layer aluminum-boron-silicon coating, and (3) a multilayer coating consisting of an aluminum-boron-silicon sublayer with a boron-silicon outer layer.

    Cunnington, G.R.; Clark, R.K.; Robinson, J.C.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    153

    Near-surface mapping using SH-wave and P-wave seismic land-streamer data acquisition in Illinois, U.S.  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    ...ham-mer, is mounted on anATV or on a trailer (Figure 3). We found that a low-weight...P-wave weight dropper mounted on a trailer. a b c d P-wave and 30 Hz for SH-wave...geologic structure responsible for such a hydraulic discontinuity. East-trending P-wave...

    Andre J. M. Pugin; Timothy H. Larson; Steven L. Sargent; John H. McBride; Christopher E. Bexfield

    154

    Cooling Neutron Stars and Super uidity in Their Interiors D.G. Yakovlev, K.P. Leven sh, Yu.A. Shibanov  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooling Neutron Stars and Super uidity in Their Interiors D.G. Yakovlev, K.P. Leven#12;sh, Yu-nucleon bremsstrahlung, Cooper pairing of nucleons) in matter of supranuclear density of the neutron star cores with super uid neutrons and protons. Various super uidity types are analysed (singlet-state pairing and two

    155

    QUANTIFICATION OF LOSSES IN THIN-FILM CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS S.H. Demtsu and J.R. Sites  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUANTIFICATION OF LOSSES IN THIN-FILM CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS S.H. Demtsu and J.R. Sites Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA ABSTRACT Quantification of solar cell Thin-film CdS/CdTe devices have been studied extensively, but some basic underlying properties

    Sites, James R.

    156

    Cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising lignin  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A cationic electrodepositable coating composition is disclosed. The present invention in directed to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising a lignin-containing cationic salt resin, that comprises (A) the reaction product of: lignin, an amine, and a carbonyl compound; (B) the reaction product of lignin, epichlorohydrin, and an amine; or (C) combinations thereof.

    Fenn, David; Bowman, Mark P; Zawacky, Steven R; Van Buskirk, Ellor J; Kamarchik, Peter

    2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    157

    Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab's Main Injector  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This paper documents the use of four retarding field analyzers (RFAs) to measure electron cloud signals created in Fermilab’s Main Injector during 120 GeV operations. The first data set was taken from September 11, 2009 to July 4, 2010. This data set is used to compare two different types of beam pipe that were installed in the accelerator. Two RFAs were installed in a normal steel beam pipe like the rest of the Main Injector while another two were installed in a one meter section of beam pipe that was coated on the inside with titanium nitride (TiN). A second data run started on August 23, 2010 and ended on January 10, 2011 when Main Injector beam intensities were reduced thus eliminating the electron cloud. This second run uses the same RFA setup but the TiN coated beam pipe was replaced by a one meter section coated with amorphous carbon (aC). This section of beam pipe was provided by CERN in an effort to better understand how an aC coating will perform over time in an accelerator. The research consists of three basic parts: (a) continuously monitoring the conditioning of the three different types of beam pipe over both time and absorbed electrons (b) measurement of the characteristics of the surrounding magnetic fields in the Main Injector in order to better relate actual data observed in the Main Injector with that of simulations (c) measurement of the energy spectrum of the electron cloud signals using retarding field analyzers in all three types of beam pipe.

    Backfish, Michael

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    158

    High Temperature Oxidation Performance of Aluminide Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aluminide coatings are of interest for many high temperature applications because of the possibility of improving the oxidation resistance of structural alloys by forming a protective external alumina scale. Steam and exhaust gas environments are of particular interest because alumina is less susceptible to the accelerated attack due to hydroxide formation observed for chromia- and silica-forming alloys and ceramics. For water vapor testing, one ferritic (Fe-9Cr-1Mo) and one austenitic alloy (304L) have been selected as substrate materials and CVD coatings have been used in order to have a well-controlled, high purity coating. It is anticipated that similar aluminide coatings could be made by a higher-volume, commercial process such as pack cementation. Previous work on this program has examined as-deposited coatings made by high and low Al activity CVD processes and the short-term performance of these coatings. The current work is focusing on the long term behavior in both diffusion tests16 and oxidation tests of the thicker, high Al activity coatings. For long-term coating durability, one area of concern has been the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch between coating and substrate. This difference could cause cracking or deformation that could reduce coating life. Corrosion testing using thermal cycling is of particular interest because of this potential problem and results are presented where a short exposure cycle (1h) severely degraded aluminide coatings on both types of substrates. To further study the potential role of aluminide coatings in fossil energy applications, several high creep strength Ni-base alloys were coated by CVD for testing in a high pressure (20atm) steam-CO{sub 2} environment for the ZEST (zero-emission steam turbine) program. Such alloys would be needed as structural and turbine materials in this concept. For Ni-base alloys, CVD produces a {approx}50{mu}m {beta}-NiAl outer layer with an underlying interdiffusion zone. Specimens of HR160, alloy 601 and alloy 230 were tested with and without coatings at 900 C and preliminary post-test characterization is reported.

    Pint, Bruce A [ORNL; Zhang, Ying [Tennessee Technological University; Haynes, James A [ORNL; Wright, Ian G [ORNL

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    159

    Using CrAIN Multilayer Coatings to Improve Oxidation Resistance...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coatings to Improve Oxidation Resistance of Steel Interconnects for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks. Using CrAIN Multilayer Coatings to Improve Oxidation Resistance of Steel...

    160

    Accelerated Testing of HT-9 with Zirconia Coatings Containing...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Testing of HT-9 with Zirconia Coatings Containing Gallium using Raman Spectroscopy and XPS. Accelerated Testing of HT-9 with Zirconia Coatings Containing Gallium using Raman...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    161

    Accelerated electrospark deposition and the wear behavior of coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Electrospark deposition (ESD) is a coating process that ... such as pulse energy, pulse frequency, and deposition time are presented. Electrospark deposition coating by the new equipment on AISI...

    P. -Z. Wang; G. -S. Pan; Y. Zhou; J. -X. Qu…

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    162

    Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings | Department...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA...

    163

    Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Parts (AMD-704) Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium...

    164

    Congress Likes Automation  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Congress Likes Automation ... Industry is generally aware of its responsibilities to worker replaced by automation, Congressional group concludes after broad study ... No NEW LEGISLATION or legislative changes are required to keep pace with the impact of automation on the national economy, concludes Rep. Wright Patman (D.-Tex.). ...

    1955-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    165

    Coated metal fiber coalescing cell  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A cell is described for coalescing oil droplets dispersed in a water emulsion including an elongated perforated tube core into which the emulsion is injected, layers of oleophilic plastic covered metal mat wound about the core through which the emulsion is forced to pass, the fibers of the metal mat being covered by oleophilic plastic such as vinyl, acrylic, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, the metal being in the form of layers of expanded metal or metal fibers, either aluminum or stainless steel. In manufacturing the cell a helix wound wire is formed around the cylindrical plastic coated metal to retain it in place and resist pressure drop of fluid flowing through the metal fibers. In addition, the preferred arrangement includes the use of an outer sleeve formed of a mat of fibrous material such as polyester fibers, acrylic fibers, modacrylic fibers and mixtures thereof.

    Rutz, W.D.; Swain, R.J.

    1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    166

    Deposition of diamond like carbon (DLC) and C-N films using ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) technique and evaluation of their properties  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Diamond like carbon films and C-N films were prepared using ion beam assisted deposition technique (IBAD). Tribological properties were studied by subjecting DLC coated films to the accelerated wear tests. The...

    J Prabhjyot Pal; S C Patil; S B Ogale; S M Kanetkar…

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    167

    2 - Products Using Vacuum Deposited Coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Publisher Summary Most of the vacuum coating done is thin metal coating for packaging applications covering many aspects of packaging. The metal coatings can be bright and highly reflective providing more advertising impact than metallic inks, which are duller. The metalized polymer webs can be used directly by heat sealing, laminated to other webs, or have the metallic layer transferred onto other surfaces by a stamping process. These and other variations make the aluminized film very versatile as a packaging material. The more important feature of the metal coating is that it provides a barrier performance against oxygen, water, and light. The barrier performance of the metal thin film depends on the thickness of the coating and the cleanliness of the coating. The use of lacquers or transparent colored inks enables metalized papers to be overprinted and used to make more reflective printed products than can be achieved by metallic inks. Many of these applications of metalized paper are purely esthetic. Holograms are bright, usually reflective, patterns or images that are used as decorative packaging and/or as security devices. Where holograms are used for packaging, they can be in the form of a small area integrated into the pack design or as a patterned background to the whole pack. This chapter provides examples of a large variety of products that make use of vacuum deposited coatings onto flexible substrates. Some of these may not be obvious to the users. The products range from flexible packaging, capacitors, pyrotechnics, flake fillers for paints and inks, holographic devices, transparent conducting coatings, thin film batteries, electronic circuits through to the current high market growth products such as displays, photovoltaics (solar cells), and high barrier coatings.

    Charles A. Bishop

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    168

    Thermally sprayed coatings for boiler protection  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FBC boilers are large, expensive installations which suffer enormously from wear caused by corrosion, aggravated by high temperatures. The exact type of wear experienced varies from one part of a boiler to another and is influenced by the overall design of the boiler and the type of fuel burnt in it. Boiler manufacturers and users face a difficult choice in selecting materials to fight these problems. Inexpensive and easily worked metals, unfortunately, offer little resistance to the types of wear experienced in boilers, while alloys which are resistant to erosion and corrosion are very costly as well as being difficult to form and join. This paper presents a number of ways in which these material losses and related costs in boiler systems can be reduced by application of thermally sprayed coatings which lead to significant increases in service life. The selection of the coating material and of the correct deposition process can, today, be based on the results of laboratory tests (elevated temperature corrosion and erosion), small scale in-situ test coatings and on full scale FBC boiler protection coating utilization. Practical examples are given of thermal spray coatings which have been successfully applied to different kinds of FBC boilers including those burning coal, waste (chemical, industrial, household) and wood chips. The paper describes the procedures for applying coatings to boiler components, the properties of the resulting coatings and how best to select coating materials for use in some specific wear and corrosion environmentals. In addition, future trends in the utilization of thermally sprayed coatings are discussed.

    Gustafsson, S.; Steine, H.T. [Eutectic and Castolin, Lausanne (Switzerland); Ridgway, W.F. [Eutectic and Castolin, New York, NY (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    169

    Exploring new W–B coating materials for the aqueous corrosion–wear protection of austenitic stainless steel  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract The material loss of metallic surfaces through corrosion–wear is a serious concern in many application sectors, ranging from bio-medical implants to marine, oil and gas field components to transport vehicle and nuclear reactor devices. In principle, self-passivating alloys, like stainless steels, can be protected from surface degradation caused by corrosion–wear through the application of protective thin, hard surface coatings. In this work the suitability of using W matrix coating materials supersaturated with varying levels of boron were applied to austenitic stainless steel substrates (Ortron 90) and assessed for this purpose. These materials were compared to a highly corrosion–wear resistant “datum” surface engineered material (CrN coated Ti–6Al–4V) in sliding contact tests against a chemically inert aluminium oxide ball, whilst immersed in 0.9% NaCl solution at 37 °C. The work demonstrated that all the coated materials to be very much more resistant to material loss through corrosion–wear (by nearly an order of magnitude) compared to uncoated stainless steel, and two coatings, W–13%B and W–23%B coated Ortron 90 were similarly resistant as CrN coated Ti–6Al–4V. Three fundamental types of corrosion–wear were discovered that represented differing levels of passive film durability. The total material loss rate (TMLR) during corrosion–wear testing showed linear proportionality with the change in open circuit potential ?OCP which obeyed the governing equation: TMLR = m ?OCP + C.

    B. Mallia; P.A. Dearnley

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    170

    Self-assembled nanolaminate coatings (SV)  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Aeronautics (LM Aero) are collaborating to develop affordable, self-assembled, nanocomposite coatings and associated fabrication processes that will be tailored to Lockheed Martin product requirements. The purpose of this project is to develop a family of self-assembled coatings with properties tailored to specific performance requirements, such as antireflective (AR) optics, using Sandia-developed self-assembled techniques. The project met its objectives by development of a simple and economic self-assembly processes to fabricate multifunctional coatings. Specifically, materials, functionalization methods, and associated coating processes for single layer and multiple layers coatings have been developed to accomplish high reflective coatings, hydrophobic coatings, and anti-reflective coatings. Associated modeling and simulations have been developed to guide the coating designs for optimum optical performance. The accomplishments result in significant advantages of reduced costs, increased manufacturing freedom/producibility, improved logistics, and the incorporation of new technology solutions not possible with conventional technologies. These self-assembled coatings with tailored properties will significantly address LMC's needs and give LMC a significant competitive lead in new engineered materials. This work complements SNL's LDRD and BES programs aimed at developing multifunctional nanomaterials for microelectronics and optics as well as structure/property investigations of self-assembled nanomaterials. In addition, this project will provide SNL with new opportunities to develop and apply self-assembled nanocomposite optical coatings for use in the wavelength ranges of 3-5 and 8-12 micrometers, ranges of vital importance to military-based sensors and weapons. The SANC technologies will be applied to multiple programs within the LM Company including the F-35, F-22, ADP (Future Strike Bomber, UAV, UCAV, etc.). The SANC technologies will establish LMA and related US manufacturing capability for commercial and military applications therefore reducing reliance on off-shore development and production of related critical technologies. If these technologies are successfully licensed, production of these coatings in manufactory will create significant technical employment opportunities.

    Fan, H.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    171

    Aluminide Coatings for Power-Generation Applications  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aluminide coatings are of interest for many high temperature applications because of the possibility of improving the oxidation of structural alloys by forming a protective external alumina scale. In order to develop a comprehensive lifetime evaluation approach for aluminide coatings used in fossil energy systems, some of the important issues have been addressed in this report for aluminide coatings on Fe-based alloys (Task I) and on Ni-based alloys (Task II). In Task I, the oxidation behavior of iron aluminide coatings synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was studied in air + 10vol.% H{sub 2}O in the temperature range of 700-800 C and the interdiffusion behavior between the coating and substrate was investigated in air at 500-800 C. Commercial ferritic (Fe-9Cr-1Mo) and type 304L (Fe-18Cr-9Ni, nominally) austenitic stainless steels were used as the substrates. For the oxidation study, the as-deposited coating consisted of a thin (<5 {micro}m), Al-rich outer layer above a thicker (30-50 {micro}m), lower Al inner layer. The specimens were cycled to 1000 1-h cycles at 700 C and 500 1-h cycles at 800 C, respectively. The CVD coating specimens showed excellent performance in the water vapor environment at both temperatures, while the uncoated alloys were severely attacked. These results suggest that an aluminide coating can substantially improve resistance to water vapor attack under these conditions. For the interdiffusion study, the ferritic and austenitic steels were coated with relatively thicker aluminide coatings consisting of a 20-25 {micro}m outer layer and a 150-250 {micro}m inner layer. The composition profiles before and after interdiffusion testing (up to 5,000h) were measured by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The decrease of the Al content at the coating surface was not significant after extended diffusion times ({le} 5,000h) at temperatures {le} 700 C. More interdiffusion occurred at 800 C in coatings on both Fe- 9Cr-1Mo and 304L alloys; a two-phase microstructure was formed in the outer coating layer on 304L after interdiffusion of 2,000h at 800 C. The interdiffusion behavior was simulated using a computer model COSIM (Coating Oxidation and Substrate Interdiffusion Model), which was originally developed for MCrAlY overlay coatings by NASA. Complimentary modeling work using a mathematic model from Heckel et al. also was conducted. Reasonable agreement was observed between the simulated and experimental composition profiles, particularly for aluminide coatings on Fe-9Cr-1Mo ferritic steels. In Task II, the research focused on the CVD aluminide bond coats for thermal barrier coatings (TBC). The martensitic phase transformation in single-phase {beta}-NiAl and (Ni,Pt)Al coatings was studied and compared. After isothermal exposure to 1150 C for 100 hours, the {beta} phase in both types of coatings was transformed to a martensite phase during cooling to room temperature. Martensitic transformation also was observed in the (Ni,Pt)Al bond coat with and without the ceramic top layer after thermal cycling at 1150 C (700 1-h cycles). Such transformation resulted from Al depletion in the coating due to the formation of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} scale on coating surface and interdiffusion between the coating and superalloy substrate. The volume changes associated with the martensitic transformation could affect the coating surface stability (''rumpling'') and thus contributing to TBC failure. To elucidate the effect of Hf levels in the superalloy substrate on the oxidation performance, directionally-solidified Rene 142 superalloys containing three different Hf contents with and without aluminide coatings were cyclically oxidized at 1100 and 1150 C in air. Poor scale adhesion was observed for all bare and NiAl-coated Rene 142 superalloys, as compared with single-crystal superalloys such as Rene N5. Spallation occurred at relatively early stages disregarding the Hf contents in the superalloys. Finally, a platinum plating system has been set up at Tennessee Technological University to carefully control the Pt pla

    Zhang, Y

    2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    172

    Method for improving the oxidation-resistance of metal substrates coated with thermal barrier coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method for providing a protective coating on a metal-based substrate is disclosed. The method involves the application of an aluminum-rich mixture to the substrate to form a discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles, followed by the application of a second coating over the discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles. Aluminum diffuses from the aluminum-rich layer into the substrate, and into any bond coat layer which is subsequently applied. Related articles are also described.

    Thompson, Anthony Mark (Niskayuna, NY); Gray, Dennis Michael (Delanson, NY); Jackson, Melvin Robert (Niskayuna, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    173

    Graphene-coated tapered nanowire infrared probe: a comparison with metal-coated probes  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    We propose in this paper a graphene-coated tapered nanowire probe providing strong field enhancement in the infrared regimes. The analytical field distributions and characteristic...

    Zhu, Bofeng; Ren, Guobin; Gao, Yixiao; Yang, Yang; Lian, Yudong; Jian, Shuisheng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    174

    From metallurgical coatings to surface engineering  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The history of the Vacuum Metallurgy Division (VMD) which is now the Advanced Surface Engineering Division (ASED) of the American Vacuum Society is reviewed briefly. The focus of the VMD moved from vacuum melting of materials to metallurgical coatings. The division sponsored two conferences the Conference on Vacuum Metallurgy and the International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings. As the interest in vacuum metallurgy eventually subsided interest grew in the deposition of metallurgical coatings. However the emphasis at the Metallurgical Coatings conference has changed from just depositingcoatings to surface engineering of a component. Today the challenge is to use the tools of surface engineering with advances in deposition technology such as high-power pulsed sputtering. To align itself with the changing interests of the majority of its members the VMD changed its name to the ASED.

    William D. Sproul

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    175

    Corrosion protection properties of chromium coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    To improve the wear resistance of components and protect them from corrosion in a mine atmosphere saturated with coal dust and gases, with periodic immersion in acid water or in a marine atmosphere, use is made either of an uncracked single-layer of chromium or of a two-layer chromium coating. In this article, the author studies the corrosion behaviour of steel specimens covered with single-layer or double-layer chromium coatings in various conditions. The corrosion protection properties were studied by means of accelerated tests - the 'Korrodkot' method; after ten 16h test cycles, the results of this method are comparable with the behavior of chromium coating in a marine atmosphere. The crack content of the chromium coating was revealed by anodic etching in 10% KOH solution.

    Solodkova, L.N.; Solov'eva, Z.A.; Vinokurova, I.A.; Traktirova, T.V.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    176

    Nickel coated aluminum battery cell tabs  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A battery cell tab is described. The battery cell tab is anodized on one end and has a metal coating on the other end. Battery cells and methods of making battery cell tabs are also described.

    Bucchi, Robert S.; Casoli, Daniel J.; Campbell, Kathleen M.; Nicotina, Joseph

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    177

    Neutron absorbing coating for nuclear criticality control  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A neutron absorbing coating for use on a substrate, and which provides nuclear criticality control is described and which includes a nickel, chromium, molybdenum, and gadolinium alloy having less than about 5% boron, by weight.

    Mizia, Ronald E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wright, Richard N. (Idaho Falls, ID); Swank, William D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lister, Tedd E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Pinhero, Patrick J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    178

    UV Curable Coatings in Aluminum Can Production  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    based coatings. The Coors Brewing Company Can Manufacturing Plant has been utilizing this technology in full scale aluminum can production since 1975, and therefore has had the opportunity to evaluate practical operations of the UV technology...

    Donhowe, E. T.

    179

    Onset voltage of corona on coated conductors  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This paper is aimed for investigating the effect of surface coating on the positive and negative onset voltages of corona from stressed conductor as a pre-requisite for onset-voltage calculation. The electric field is accurately calculated by the charge simulation technique. The calculated onset voltages agreed satisfactorily with those measured experimentally for bare conductors. The effect of coating-layer thickness and permittivity as well as conductor radius and height on the onset-voltage values is discussed.

    Abdel-Salam, M. [Assiut Univ. (Egypt). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Abo-Shal, Y. [SCECO-East, Dammam (Saudi Arabia). Electrical Engineering Div.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    180

    Metal alloy coatings and methods for applying  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of coating a substrate comprises plasma spraying a prealloyed feed powder onto a substrate, where the prealloyed feed powder comprises a significant amount of an alloy of stainless steel and at least one refractory element selected from the group consisting of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, niobium, tantalum, molybdenum, and tungsten. The plasma spraying of such a feed powder is conducted in an oxygen containing atmosphere and forms an adherent, corrosion resistant, and substantially homogenous metallic refractory alloy coating on the substrate.

    Merz, Martin D. (Richland, WA); Knoll, Robert W. (Kennewick, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    181

    Thermal sensor with an improved coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus for detecting radiation having wavelengths from about 0.4 .mu.m to about 5.6 .mu.m. An optical coating is applied to a thermal sensor that is normally transparent to radiation with such wavelengths. The optical coating is thin and light and includes a modifier and an absorber. The thermal sensor can be a pyroelectric detector such as strontium barium niobate.

    LaDelfe, Peter C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stotlar, Suzanne C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    182

    Roof Coating Procedures and Their Productivity Gains  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roof Coating Procedures and their Productivity Gains John Bonaby and Dr. Diane Schaub, University of Florida As building envelope improvements are realized in organizations as ways to insulate businesses from high energy costs, the relative... benefit of the installation of different roof coating technologies and comparable application procedures of these technologies are ambiguous. The focal point of this research is to determine the effective correlation between various commercially...

    Bonaby, J.; Schaub, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    183

    Superconducting nano-layer coating without insulator  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The superconducting nano-layer coating without insulator layer is studied. The magnetic-field distribution and the forces acting on a vortex are derived. Using the derived forces, the vortex-penetration field and the lower critical magnetic field can be discussed. The vortex-penetration field is identical with the multilayer coating, but the lower critical magnetic field is not. Forces acting on a vortex from the boundary of two superconductors play an important role in evaluations of the free energy.

    Kubo, Takayuki

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    184

    HIGH-PERFORMANCE COATING MATERIALS  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corrosion, erosion, oxidation, and fouling by scale deposits impose critical issues in selecting the metal components used at geothermal power plants operating at brine temperatures up to 300 C. Replacing these components is very costly and time consuming. Currently, components made of titanium alloy and stainless steel commonly are employed for dealing with these problems. However, another major consideration in using these metals is not only that they are considerably more expensive than carbon steel, but also the susceptibility of corrosion-preventing passive oxide layers that develop on their outermost surface sites to reactions with brine-induced scales, such as silicate, silica, and calcite. Such reactions lead to the formation of strong interfacial bonds between the scales and oxide layers, causing the accumulation of multiple layers of scales, and the impairment of the plant component's function and efficacy; furthermore, a substantial amount of time is entailed in removing them. This cleaning operation essential for reusing the components is one of the factors causing the increase in the plant's maintenance costs. If inexpensive carbon steel components could be coated and lined with cost-effective high-hydrothermal temperature stable, anti-corrosion, -oxidation, and -fouling materials, this would improve the power plant's economic factors by engendering a considerable reduction in capital investment, and a decrease in the costs of operations and maintenance through optimized maintenance schedules.

    SUGAMA,T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    185

    Thermal barrier coatings application in diesel engines  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Commercial use of thermal barrier coatings in diesel engines began in the mid 70`s by Dr. Ingard Kvernes at the Central Institute for Industrial Research in Oslo, Norway. Dr. Kvernes attributed attack on diesel engine valves and piston crowns encountered in marine diesel engines in Norwegian ships as hot-corrosion attributed to a reduced quality of residual fuel. His solution was to coat these components to reduce metal temperature below the threshold of aggressive hot-corrosion and also to provide protection. The Department of Energy has supported thermal barrier coating development for diesel engine applications. In the Clean Diesel - 50 Percent Efficient (CD-50) engine for the year 2000, thermal barrier coatings will be used on piston crowns and possibly other components. The primary purpose of the thermal barrier coatings will be to reduce thermal fatigue as the engine peak cylinder pressure will nearly be doubled. As the coatings result in higher available energy in the exhaust gas, efficiency gains are achieved through use of this energy by turbochargers, turbocompounding or thermoelectric generators.

    Fairbanks, J.W.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    186

    Discoloration resistant, flexible, radiation curable coating compositions  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A low dosage radiation polymerizable protective and decorative coating composition or paint, coated articles bearing such a protective coating and processess for preparing such articles. The radiation polymerizable coating composition comprises an organic resin/monomer mixture of: (A) between about 97 and about 3 weight percent alphabeta olefinically unsaturated organic resin containing between about 0.5 and about 5 vinyl unsaturation units per 1000 molecular weight of said resin, and (B) between about 3 and about 97 weight percent vinyl monomers polymerizable with said resin upon exposure to radiation, characterized in that said vinyl monomers include N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone in an amount of from about 3 and up to about 10 weight percent based on the total weight of (A) and (B). The flexible coating exhibits excellent physical qualtities and good adhesion to a variety of substrates being particularly suitable for use on vinyl chloride fabric, wherein it is discoloration resistant after heat aging. Preferred articles bearing such a coating, which may comprise large amounts of pigment, are preferably cured by exposure to electron beam radiation.

    Cassatta, J.C.; Garrett, D.L. Jr.; Van Oene, H.

    1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    187

    Capacitively coupled RF diamond-like-carbon reactor  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process of coating a non-conductive fiber with diamond-like carbon, including passing a non-conductive fiber between a pair of parallel metal grids within a reaction chamber, introducing a hydrocarbon gas into the reaction chamber, forming a plasma within the reaction chamber for a sufficient period of time whereby diamond-like carbon is formed upon the non-conductive fiber, is provided together with a reactor chamber for deposition of diamond-like carbon upon a non-conductive fiber, including a vacuum chamber, a cathode assembly including a pair of electrically isolated opposingly parallel metal grids spaced apart at a distance of less than about 1 centimeter, an anode, a means of introducing a hydrocarbon gas into said vacuum chamber, and a means of generating a plasma within said vacuum chamber.

    Devlin, David James (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don Mayo (Santa Fe, NM); Archuleta, Thomas Arthur (Espanola, NM); Barbero, Robert Steven (Santa Cruz, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    188

    Assessment of ceramic coatings for metal fuel melting crucible  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The objective of this study is to develop a coating method and material for crucibles to prevent material interactions with the U-Zr/U-TRU-Zr fuels during the manufacturing of SFR fuels. Refractory coatings were applied to niobium substrates by vacuum plasma-spray coating method. Melt dipping tests conducted were the coated rods lowered into the fuel melt at 1600 C. degrees, and withdrawn and cooled outside the crucible in the inert atmosphere of the induction furnace. Melt dipping tests of the coated Nb rods indicated that plasma-sprayed Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating doesn't form significant reaction layer between fuel melt and coating layer. Melt dipping tests of the coated Nb rods showed that TiC, TaC, and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} coatings exhibited the promising performance among other ceramic coatings. These materials could be promising candidate materials for the reusable melt crucible of metal fuel for SFR. In addition, in order to develop the vacuum plasma-spray coating method for re-usable crucible of metal fuel slugs to be overcome the issue of thermal expansion mismatch between coating material and crucible, various combinations of coating conditions were investigated to find the bonding effect on the substrate in pursuit of more effective ways to withstand the thermal stresses. It is observed that most coating methods maintained sound coating state in U-Zr melt. (authors)

    Kim, Ki-Hwan; Song, Hoon; Kim, Jong-Hwan; Oh, Seok-Jin; Kim, Hyung-Tae; Lee, Chan-Bock [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    189

    Microscale wear behavior and crosslinking of PEG-like coatings for total hip replacements  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the bottom surface did not roughen substantially until thecoatings also did not roughen, and they thinned negligibly.

    Kane, Sheryl R.; Ashby, Paul D.; Pruitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    190

    Adhesion properties of polyelectrolyte-chemisorbed zinc phosphate conversion coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    It has been reported that when mild carbon cold-rolled steels are immersed in the Zn/sub 3/(PO/sub 4/)/sub 2/ . 2H/sub 2/O-H/sub 3/PO/sub 4/-H/sub 2/O solution systems, the surface microfeatures of crystalline zinc phosphate (Zn . Ph) conversion coating deposited on the steel substrate surface were characterized by large rectangular-like crystal arrays of insoluble Zn . Ph hydrate. Deformation failures of layers having low stiffness characteristics appear to be directly related to the development of micropores and fissures which reduce the effectiveness of the corrosion-resistant coatings. Thus, it is necessary to increase the flexural modulus of the layers in order to restrain the physical deformation failures of the crystalline precoats. The brittle characteristics of the Zn . Ph can be modified by the introduction of the polyacrylic acid (PAA) macromolecules into the phosphating solutions. The incorporation of PAA, which is generally expressed as a polyelectrolyte macromolecule, was shown to form a highly dense fine crystal topography, suggesting that the crystal formation results in an improvement in the stiffness and ductility characteristics of the normally brittle Zn . Ph layers. Accordingly, emphasis of the present paper is given to the finding as to how the molecular structures and functional species of polyelectrolytes act to suppress crystal growth of Zn . Ph and improve interfacial bond durability of Zn . Ph-to-polymeric adhesive joints. 2 refs., 5 figs.

    Sugama, T.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    191

    An investigation of evaluation methods for internal FBE pipe coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The corrosivity of CO{sub 2}-containing water used for injection into formations is very high. One of the means for mitigating this corrosion is through the use of internal Fusion Bonded Epoxy (FBE) pipe coatings. However, these are very demanding services for coatings. Pressures and temperatures are high enough in some cases to severely stress the coating. Most FBE coatings are permeated by CO{sub 2}, and when pressures are released, blistering of the coating may occur. This compromises the integrity of the coating which may result in premature failure of the coating followed by corrosion of the pipe metal. The identification of coatings with good performance is absolutely essential. The failure of the coating alone can result in great losses due to the initial cost of the coating application, plus potential operating problems. When corrosive penetrations of the pipe occur, the costs escalate even higher as a result of required maintenance and down time. This paper describes the test work conducted to determine how to evaluate coatings for such services, and to determine which coatings will give successful, long-term performance. Test methods contained in an industry standard have been validated, and suitable coatings identified. Future test work needed to add to these findings has also been recommended. Although this work was designed for CO{sub 2} services, it does give valuable insight into tests that are required to properly qualify FBE coatings for non-CO{sub 2} services.

    Thompson, S.P. [Thompson (Stanley P.), Paris, TX (United States); Varughese, K. [Al-Qahtani Pipe Coating Terminal, Dammam (Saudi Arabia)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    192

    Advanced thermal barrier coating system development. Technical progress report, June 1, 1996--July 31, 1996  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An improved thermal barrier coating system with good reliability and thermal performance is described. The report discusses the coating process, manufacturing, repair, deposition, and microstructure of the coatings.

    NONE

    1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    193

    E-Print Network 3.0 - alcan-aasf50-ferric coated activated Sample...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particulate Coating Processes Spray coating of particulate materials... is commonplace in industry. For example, most pharmaceutical tablets are coated for either aesthetic... or...

    194

    Model Studies of Pore Stability and Evolution in Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs)  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Katz, “Advanced Ceramics: Thermal Barrier Coatings BeatConductivity of Advanced Ceramic Thermal Barrier CoatingsFatigue Testing of Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coatings,” NASA/

    Glaeser, A M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    195

    ADVANCED ELECTRON BEAM TECHNIQUES FOR METALLIC AND CERAMIC PROTECTIVE COATING SYSTEMS  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cobalt and chromium. Ceramic or thermal barrier coatings canin fuel usage. Also, ceramic or thermal barrier coatings~n Oslo developed ceramic or thermal barrier coatings that

    Boone, Donald H.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    196

    Silica coated magnetite nanoparticles for removal of heavy metal ions from polluted waters  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnetic removal of Hg2+ and other heavy metal ions like Cd2+, Pb2+ etc. using silica coated magnetite particles from polluted waters is a current topic of active research to provide efficient water recycling and long term high quality water. The technique used to study the bonding characteristics of such kind of nanoparticles with the heavy metal ions is a very sensitive hyperfine specroscopy technique called the perturbed angular correlation technique (PAC).

    Dash, Monika

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    197

    UHV-ERDA investigation of NEG coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Non-evaporable getter (NEG) coatings are widely used in large vacuum systems such as particle accelerators. Since NEG coatings produced at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung have a finite thickness of typically 1 ?m, ion beam analysis techniques such as ERDA and RBS are the methods of choice to study element and depth-resolved evolution of the getter film during gas pumping. The film thickness and stoichiometry can be determined by RBS while ERDA is sensitive to lighter elements such as carbon, nitrogen and oxygen, the main residual gas components of a vacuum environment. In this work we first present exsitu and insitu measurements of NEG thin films using ERDA. For the investigation of the pumping speed and capability of the getter films, we have used a vacuum test chamber where getter coated samples can be activated and saturated in a very controlled way. Afterwards, depth distributions of the pumped gas components have been measured using ERDA. To study the gas components in NEG coatings online, i.e., during activation or pumping, we have set up an ERDA system working at vacuum pressures down to 10 - 11 mbar . A special target heater system allows to activate the getter coatings insitu at typical temperatures between 180 and 300 °C in a UHV environment with tolerable influence to the total and partial gas pressure. With this UHV-ERDA setup, a temperature dependent diffusion process of gas components into the getter material could be analyzed for the first time.

    M. Bender; H. Kollmus; M.C. Bellachioma; W. Assmann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    198

    Erosion of hard material coating systems  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The use of coating systems to protect structural metal surfaces from elevated temperature, small solid particle erosion and erosion-corrosion can extend component life and permit operation in more severe environments. The room and elevated temperature erosion behavior of several hard material coating systems, i.e. carbides, borides and nitrides, were determined over a range of test conditions. Particle velocities from 70 to 150 m s?1 and test temperatures from 25 to 540°C were used. Mechanisms of erosion were established and related to erosion rates in a manner that defined the requirements of composition, morphology and defect levels of coating systems for long-term performance. It was determined that small grain size, low porosity and absence of cracks were the microstructural features that enhanced erosion resistance. Hardness levels and the composition and distribution of second phase, hard particles had less effect on coating performance. Angular SiC particles were considerably more erosive than either Al2O3 or chromite-mixed oxide round-shaped particles and the rankings of the coatings' performance were different for each erodent and set of test conditions.

    Alan V. Levy; Wang Buqian

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    199

    Analysis of Wear Mechanisms in Low Friction, Nanocomposite AlMgB14-TiB2 Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Recent developments in coating science and technology offer new opportunities to enhance the energy-efficiency and performance of industrial machinery such as hydraulic fluid pumps and motors. The lubricated friction and wear characteristics of two wear-resistant coatings, diamond-like carbon and a nanocomposite material based on AlMgB{sub 14}-50 vol.% TiB{sub 2}, were compared in pin-on-disk tribotests using Mobil DTE-24{trademark} oil as the lubricant. In each case, the pins were fixed 9.53 mm diameter spheres of AISI 52100 steel, the load was 10 N, and the speed 0.5 m/s in all tests. Average steady-state friction coefficient values of 0.10 and 0.08 were measured for the DLC and nanocomposite, respectively. The coatings and their 52100 steel counterfaces were analyzed after the tests by X-ray photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy for evidence of material transfer or tribo-chemical reactions. The low-friction behavior of the boride nanocomposite coating is due to the formation of lubricative boric acid, B(OH){sub 3}. In contrast, the low-friction behavior of the DLC coating is related to the relatively low dielectric constant of the oil-based lubricant, leading to desorption of surface hydrogen from the coating.

    Cook, Bruce A [Ames Laboratory; Harringa, J [Ames Laboratory; Anderegg, A [Ames Laboratory; Russell, A M [Iowa State University; Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Higdon, Clifton [Eaton Corporation; Elmoursi, Alaa A [Eaton Corporation

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    200

    Bio-based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project |  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project Bio-based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project The Department of Energy is conducting research into bio-based thermochromic intelligent roof coatings. The coatings are developed from waste cooking oil. Project Description This project seeks to develop and demonstrate a waste cooking oil-based thermochromic smart roof coating technology that will adjust light transmission in response to temperature changes. This will reduce energy demands for temperature regulation. The project will also study the effects of different oil sources on coating properties. Project Partners This project is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and United Environment & Energy. Project Goals

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    201

    Multilayer ultra-high-temperature ceramic coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A coated carbon-carbon composite material with multiple ceramic layers to provide oxidation protection from ultra-high-temperatures, where if the carbon-carbon composite material is uninhibited with B.sub.4C particles, then the first layer on the composite material is selected from ZrB.sub.2 and HfB.sub.2, onto which is coated a layer of SiC coated and if the carbon-carbon composite material is inhibited with B.sub.4C particles, then protection can be achieved with a layer of SiC and a layer of either ZrB.sub.2 and HfB.sub.2 in any order.

    Loehman, Ronald E. (Albuquerque, NM); Corral, Erica L. (Tucson, AZ)

    2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    202

    Protecting coatings vital to ensuring pipelines` longevity  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Today many old pipelines are being rehabilitated because of corrosion damage. A tremendous amount of time, personnel and money is invested to keep these old pipelines operating. The pipeline companies have created new departments to monitor their pipelines, one of which is the corrosion control group. This group is continuously looking for the next weak spot caused by corrosion that needs to be repaired in order to keep the pipeline from being shut down. As these groups discover the corrosion and research its cases, they have been able to teach us what not to do during pipeline construction so the coating will not be damaged. The paper discusses coating protection, types of coating protection, and choosing the best method.

    Turnage, C. [Ozzie`s Pipeline Padder, Scottsdale, AZ (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    203

    Glass/ceramic coatings for implants  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glass coatings on metals including Ti, Ti6A14V and CrCo were prepared for use as implants. The composition of the glasses was tailored to match the thermal expansion of the substrate metal. By controlling the firing atmosphere, time, and temperature, it was possible to control the reactivity between the glass and the alloy and to fabricate coatings (25-150 .mu.m thick) with excellent adhesion to the substrate. The optimum firing temperatures ranged between 800 and 840.degree. C. at times up to 1 min in air or 15 min in N.sub.2. The same basic technique was used to create multilayered coatings with concentration gradients of hydroxyapatite (HA) particles and SiO.sub.2.

    Tomsia, Antoni P. (Pinole, CA); Saiz, Eduardo (Berkeley, CA); Gomez-Vega, Jose M. (Nagoya, JP); Marshall, Sally J. (Larkspur, CA); Marshall, Grayson W. (Larkspur, CA)

    2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    204

    Colloidal spray method for low cost thin coating deposition  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A dense or porous coating of material is deposited onto a substrate by forcing a colloidal suspension through an ultrasonic nebulizer and spraying a fine mist of particles in a carrier medium onto a sufficiently heated substrate. The spraying rate is essentially matched to the evaporation rate of the carrier liquid from the substrate to produce a coating that is uniformly distributed over the surface of the substrate. Following deposition to a sufficient coating thickness, a single sintering step may be used to produce a dense ceramic coating. Using this method, coatings ranging in thickness from about one to several hundred microns can be obtained. By using a plurality of compounds in the colloidal suspension, coatings of mixed composition can be obtained. By using a plurality of solutions and separate pumps and a single or multiple ultrasonic nebulizer(s), and varying the individual pumping rates and/or the concentrations of the solutions, a coating of mixed and discontinuously graded (e.g., stepped) or continuously graded layers may be obtained. This method is particularly useful for depositing ceramic coatings. Dense ceramic coating materials on porous substrates are useful in providing improved electrode performance in devices such as high power density solid oxide fuel cells. Dense ceramic coatings obtained by the invention are also useful for gas turbine blade coatings, sensors, steam electrolyzers, etc. The invention has general use in preparation of systems requiring durable and chemically resistant coatings, or coatings having other specific chemical or physical properties.

    Pham, Ai-Quoc (San Jose, CA); Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA); Lee, Tae H. (Naperville, IL)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    205

    Protective properties of conversional polymer coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    In recent years, much attention has been devoted to the development of conversional polymer coatings deposited from aqueous solutions. A distinctive feature of such coatings is that their deposition occurs at the expense of the energy of chemical reactions on the surface of the treated metal. {open_quotes}Amchem,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Oxy Metall,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Union Carbide Corp.{close_quotes} are leading company patentees in this field. The resistance of these coatings to the action of a salt mist lies within the range 16-500 h and depends on the nature of the latex and the composition of the compound. Below, we present results of an investigation of the protective properties of conversion polymeric coatings by different methods. The coatings were applied according to the technology developed at the Dnepropetrovsk Institute of Chemical Engineering. This technology differs from similar technologies used abroad by the utilization of products of large-scale chemical industrial production and specially synthesized stabilizers, which also play the role of cross-linking agents. The protective properties of conversional polymer coatings were studied using the pulse electrostatic method and also by simulated-service tests. As advantages of the electrostatic method over classical ac methods of corrosion testing, one can mention the possibilities of leveling the ohmic drop in a solution and measuring the values of the reaction resistance and the double-layer capacitance of a corroding electrode in the same test. The corrosion current was determined for given values of the reaction resistance and the anodic and cathodic Tafel constants, which can also be found from results of electrostatic measurements.

    Panasenko, S.A.; Mark, L.I.; Grishchuk, V.I. [Dzerzhinskii Institute of Chemical Engineering, Dnepropetrovsk (Russian Federation)

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    206

    Process for the formation of wear- and scuff-resistant carbon coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process for forming an adherent diamond-like carbon coating on a workpiece of suitable material such as an aluminum alloy is disclosed. The workpiece is successively immersed in different plasma atmospheres and subjected to short duration, high voltage, negative electrical potential pulses or constant negative electrical potentials or the like so as to clean the surface of oxygen atoms, implant carbon atoms into the surface of the alloy to form carbide compounds while codepositing a carbonaceous layer on the surface, bombard and remove the carbonaceous layer, and to thereafter deposit a generally amorphous hydrogen-containing carbon layer on the surface of the article.

    Malaczynski, Gerard W. (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Qiu, Xiaohong (Sterling Heights, MI); Mantese, Joseph V. (Troy, MI); Elmoursi, Alaa A. (Troy, MI); Hamdi, Aboud H. (Warren, MI); Wood, Blake P. (Los Alamos, NM); Walter, Kevin C. (Los Alamos, NM); Nastasi, Michael A. (Espanola, NM)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    207

    Production of porous coating on a prosthesis  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Preselected surface areas of a prosthesis are covered by a blend of matching primary metallic particles and expendable particles. The particles are compressed and heated to assure that deformation and metallurgical bonding occurs between them and between the primary particles and the surface boundaries of the prosthesis. Porosity is achieved by removal of the expendable material. The result is a coating including discrete bonded particles separated by a network of interconnected voids presenting a homogeneous porous coating about the substrate. It has strength suitable for bone implant usage without intermediate adhesives, and adequate porosity to promote subsequent bone ingrowth.

    Sump, Kenneth R. (Richland, WA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    208

    Optics and multilayer coatings for EUVL systems  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    EUV lithography (EUVL) employs illumination wavelengths around 13.5 nm, and in many aspects it is considered an extension of optical lithography, which is used for the high-volume manufacturing (HVM) of today's microprocessors. The EUV wavelength of illumination dictates the use of reflective optical elements (mirrors) as opposed to the refractive lenses used in conventional lithographic systems. Thus, EUVL tools are based on all-reflective concepts: they use multilayer (ML) coated optics for their illumination and projection systems, and they have a ML-coated reflective mask.

    Soufli, R; Bajt, S; Hudyma, R M; Taylor, J S

    2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    209

    Coating thermal noise for arbitrary shaped beams  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced LIGO's sensitivity will be limited by coating noise. Though this noise depends on beam shape, and though nongaussian beams are being seriously considered for advanced LIGO, no published analysis exists to compare the quantitative thermal noise improvement alternate beams offer. In this paper, we derive and discuss a simple integral which completely characterizes the dependence of coating thermal noise on shape. The derivation used applies equally well, with minor modifications, to all other forms of thermal noise in the low-frequency limit.

    Richard O'Shaughnessy

    2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    210

    The possibility of forming a sacrificial anode coating for Mg  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mg is the most active engineering metal, and is often used as a sacrificial anode/coating to protect other engineering metals from corrosion attack. So far no sacrificial anode coating has been developed or considered for Mg. This study explores the possibility of forming a sacrificial coating for Mg. A lithiated carbon coating and a metaphosphated coating are applied on the Mg surface, respectively, and their open-circuit-potentials are measured in saturated Mg(OH)2 solution. They exhibit more negative potentials than bare Mg. SEM reveals that the metaphosphated coating offers more effective and uniform protection for Mg than the lithiated carbon coating. These preliminary results indicate that development of a sacrificial anode coating for Mg is indeed possible.

    Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Li, Juchuan [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Sacci, Robert L [ORNL; Thomson, Jeffery K [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    211

    Synthesis and Characterization of Phosphate-coated Mesoporous...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phosphate-coated Mesoporous Titania and Cd-doping of Same via Ion-Exchange. Synthesis and Characterization of Phosphate-coated Mesoporous Titania and Cd-doping of Same via...

    212

    High-Temperature Solar Selective Coating Development for Power...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    High-Temperature Solar Selective Coating Development for Power Tower Receivers - FY13 Q2 High-Temperature Solar Selective Coating Development for Power Tower Receivers - FY13 Q2...

    213

    Applications: Dispersions, Coatings, and Other Large Surface Area Structures  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    In the future, coatings will have improved properties due to nanoparticle incorporations and the methodology of incorporation. Coatings will also be ordered or patterned at the micro- and nano-levels. Similarl...

    P. Wiltzius; K. Klabunde

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    214

    Polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles for medical imaging  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    One of the most versatile and safe materials used in medicine are polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles. This dissertation describes several formulations for in vivo imaging applications. The paramagnetic polymer-coated ...

    Chen, Suelin, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    215

    Bacillus atrophaeus Outer Spore Coat Assembly and Ultrastructure  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Our previous atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies successfully visualized native Bacillus atrophaeus spore coat ultrastructure and surface morphology. We have shown that the outer spore coat surface is formed by a crystalline array of ?11 nm thick ...

    Marco Plomp; Terrance J. Leighton; Katherine E. Wheeler; Maurice E. Pitesky; Alexander J. Malkin

    2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    216

    Apparatus for coating and impregnating filament with resin  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention is directed to an apparatus for evenly coating and impregnating a filament with binder material. Dimension control and repeatability of the coating and impregnating characteristics are obtained with the apparatus.

    Robinson, S.C.; Pollard, R.E.

    1986-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    217

    T-720: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-720: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks...

    218

    Special Coating Emission Control System At Goulds Pumps ITT Industries  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 required significant changes for users of industrial paints and coatings. New York State requires users of highly volatile coatings to meet additional regulations, and apply for special permits and variances...

    Caropolo, B.; Evans, T.

    219

    Erosion studies on duplex and graded ceramic overlay coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The solid-particle erosion resistance of ceramic thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) is of considerable economic and industrial significance. Of additional significance to the service performance of these coatings...

    Saifi Usmani; Sanjay Sampath Ph.D.

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    220

    Mechanisms Controlling Theophylline Release from Ethanol-Resistant Coated Pellets  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    To elucidate the mass transport mechanisms controlling drug release from recently proposed, ethanol-resistant, polymeric film coatings.

    Y. Rosiaux; C. Velghe; S. Muschert; R. Chokshi; B. Leclercq…

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    221

    Applications in the Nuclear Industry for Thermal Spray Amorphous Metal and Ceramic Coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SAW Amorphous metal and ceramic thermal spray coatings havefor Thermal Spray Amorphous Metal and Ceramic Coatings J.

    Blink, J.; Farmer, J.; Choi, J.; Saw, C.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    222

    Vapor deposited samarium zirconate thermal barrier coatings Hengbei Zhao a,  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal barrier coatings The rare earth zirconates (M2Zr2O7, M=LaGd) have a low intrinsic thermal conductivity and high temperature phase stability making them attractive candidates for thermal barrier coating conditions and the coating composition, structure, texture, pore morphology, and thermal conductivity

    Wadley, Haydn

    223

    Reaction, transformation and delamination of samarium zirconate thermal barrier coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cycling between 100 and 1100 °C. This cycling eventually led to delamination of the coatings, with failure thick (50­100 m) metallic "bond coat" applied to the turbine airfoil alloy to slow the kinetics of oxidation and promote TGO adherence. The bond coat has a high aluminum concentration to promote slow

    Wadley, Haydn

    224

    CORROSION PERFORMANCE OF EPOXY-COATED REINFORCEMENTMACROCELL TESTS  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CORROSION PERFORMANCE OF EPOXY-COATED REINFORCEMENT­MACROCELL TESTS by Khaled Z. Kahhaleh, Enrique corrosion experimental program was conducted to study the performance of bent epoxy- coated bars. The damage. The coated bars were embedded in concrete prisms and linked electrically to uncoated bars to set up macro-corrosion

    Texas at Austin, University of

    225

    Delamination resistance of thermal barrier coatings containing embedded ductile layers  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -tempera- ture exposure to oxygen, and an outer low thermal conduc- tivity ceramic coating, such as ytrriaDelamination resistance of thermal barrier coatings containing embedded ductile layers Matthew R layers upon thermal cycling delamination failure of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) driven by thickening

    Wadley, Haydn

    226

    High Temperature coatings based on {beta}-NiAI  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    High temperature alloys are reviewed, focusing on current superalloys and their coatings. The synthesis, characerization, and oxidation performance of a NiAl–TiB{sub 2} composite are explained. A novel coating process for Mo–Ni–Al alloys for improved oxidation performance is examined. The cyclic oxidation performance of coated and uncoated Mo–Ni–Al alloys is discussed.

    Severs, Kevin

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    227

    Method for forming hermetic coatings for optical fibers  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method for forming hermetic coatings on optical fibers by hot filament assisted chemical vapor deposition advantageously produces a desirable coating while maintaining the pristine strength of the pristine fiber. The hermetic coatings may be formed from a variety of substances, such as, for example, boron nitride and carbon.

    Michalske, Terry A. (P.O. Box 1042, Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rye, Robert R. (1304 Espanola NE., Albuquerque, NM 87110); Smith, William L. (9916 Fostoria Rd., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    228

    Air quality rules boost high-solids coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Air quality rules boost high-solids coatings ... It's been, on the horizon for a long time: Ever since California passed Rule 66, in 1966, limiting solvent emissions, and the Environmental Protection Agency tightened state requirements for air quality, industries using large quantities of coatings have known they would have to find substitutes for or ways to clean up solvent coatings emissions. ...

    1982-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    229

    Effect of substrate temperature on the electrospark deposition, structure, and mechanical properties of coatings. II. Coating deposition features  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The relationship between deposition temperature, coating inhomogeneity, and temperature of cathode spots is studied. It is shown that the spark deposition of coatings proceeds in the area of cathode spots; the...

    V. D. Belik; R. V. Litvin; M. S. Kovalchenko

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    230

    Oxidation resistant nanocrystalline MCrAl(Y) coatings and methods of forming such coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present disclosure relates to an oxidation resistant nanocrystalline coating and a method of forming an oxidation resistant nanocrystalline coating. An oxidation resistant coating comprising an MCrAl(Y) alloy may be deposited on a substrate, wherein M, includes iron, nickel, cobalt, or combinations thereof present greater than 50 wt % of the MCrAl(Y) alloy, chromium is present in the range of 15 wt % to 30 wt % of the MCrAl(Y) alloy, aluminum is present in the range of 6 wt % to 12 wt % of the MCrAl(Y) alloy and yttrium, is optionally present in the range of 0.1 wt % to 0.5 wt % of the MCrAl(Y) alloy. In addition, the coating may exhibit a grain size of 200 nm or less as deposited.

    Cheruvu, Narayana S.; Wei, Ronghua

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    231

    SiPMs coated with TPB : coating protocol and characterization for NEXT  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) are the photon detectors chosen for the tracking readout in NEXT, a neutrinoless {\\beta}{\\beta} decay experiment which uses a high pressure gaseous xenon time projection chamber (TPC). The reconstruction of event track and topology in this gaseous detector is a key handle for background rejection. Among the commercially available sensors that can be used for tracking, SiPMs offer important advantages, mainly high gain, ruggedness, cost-effectiveness and radio-purity. Their main drawback, however, is their non sensitivity in the emission spectrum of the xenon scintillation (peak at 175 nm). This is overcome by coating these sensors with the organic wavelength shifter tetraphenyl butadienne (TPB). In this paper we describe the protocol developed for coating the SiPMs with TPB and the measurements performed for characterizing the coatings as well as the performance of the coated sensors in the UV-VUV range.

    Álvarez, V; Ball, M; Batallé, M; Bayarri, J; Borges, F I G; Bolink, H; Brine, H; Cárcel, S; Carmona, J M; Castel, J; Catalá, J M; Cebrián, S; Cervera, A; Chan, D; Conde, C A N; Dafni, T; Dias, T H V T; Díaz, J; Esteve, R; Evtoukhovitch, P; Ferrando, J; Fernandes, L M P; Ferrario, P; Ferreira, A L; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Freitas, E D C; García, S A; Gil, A; Giomataris, I; Goldschmidt, A; Gómez, E; Gómez, H; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; González, K; Gutiérrez, R M; Hauptman, J; Hernando-Morata, J A; Herrera, D C; Herrero, V; Iguaz, F J; Irastorza, I G; Kalinnikov, V; Labarga, L; Liubarsky, I; Lopes, J A M; Lorca, D; Losada, M; Luzón, G; Marí, A; Martin-Albo, J; Méndez, A M; Miller, T; Moisenko, A; Monrabal, F; Monteiro, C M B; Monzó, J M; Mora, F J; Vidal, J Muñoz; da Luz, H Natal; Navarro, G; Nebot, M; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C A B; Palma, R; Aparicio, J L Pérez; Pérez, J; Radicioni, E; Quinto, M; Renner, J; Ripoll, L; Rodriguez, A; Rodriguez, J; Santos, F P; Santos, J M F dos; Seguí, L; Serra, L; Shuman, D; Sofka, C; Sorel, M; Soriano, A; Spieler, H; Toledo, J F; Collell, J Torrent; Tomás, A; Tsamalaidze, Z; Vázquez, D; Velicheva, E; Veloso, J F C A; Villar, J A; Webb, R; Weber, T; White, J T; Yahlali, N

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    232

    Corrosion protective coating for metallic materials  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corrosion protective coatings for metallic materials, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys, produced with simple, low-cost equipment and materials other than toxic metals or metal salts, or metal cyanides. The metallic material is cleaned, degreased, and deoxidized, the surface is converted to a substantially alkaline condition, and the surface is chemically sealed with inorganic metal compounds.

    Buchheit, Rudolph G. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    233

    Using Selective Withdrawal to Coat Microparticles  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using Selective Withdrawal to Coat Microparticles Itai Cohen,1 Hui Li,2 James L. Hougland,2 Milan Mrksich,2 Sidney R. Nagel1 We report a method that uses the process of selective withdrawal of one fluid a tube with its orifice slightly above a water-oil interface. Upon increasing the flow rate

    Mrksich, Milan

    234

    Corrosion protective coating for metallic materials  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corrosion protective coatings for metallic materials, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys, produced with simple, low-cost equipment and materials other than toxic metals or metal salts, or metal cyanides is disclosed. The metallic material is cleaned, degreased, and deoxidized, the surface is converted to a substantially alkaline condition, and the surface is chemically sealed with inorganic metal compounds. 1 fig.

    Buchheit, R.G.; Martinez, M.A.

    1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    235

    Coated semiconductor devices for neutron detection  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A device for detecting neutrons includes a semi-insulated bulk semiconductor substrate having opposed polished surfaces. A blocking Schottky contact comprised of a series of metals such as Ti, Pt, Au, Ge, Pd, and Ni is formed on a first polished surface of the semiconductor substrate, while a low resistivity ("ohmic") contact comprised of metals such as Au, Ge, and Ni is formed on a second, opposed polished surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, n-type low resistivity pinout contacts comprised of an Au/Ge based eutectic alloy or multi-layered Pd/Ge/Ti/Au are also formed on the opposed polished surfaces and in contact with the Schottky and ohmic contacts. Disposed on the Schottky contact is a neutron reactive film, or coating, for detecting neutrons. The coating is comprised of a hydrogen rich polymer, such as a polyolefin or paraffin; lithium or lithium fluoride; or a heavy metal fissionable material. By varying the coating thickness and electrical settings, neutrons at specific energies can be detected. The coated neutron detector is capable of performing real-time neutron radiography in high gamma fields, digital fast neutron radiography, fissile material identification, and basic neutron detection particularly in high radiation fields.

    Klann, Raymond T. (Bolingbrook, IL); McGregor, Douglas S. (Whitmore Lake, MI)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    236

    Pentek metal coating removal system: Baseline report  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Pentek coating removal technology was tested and is being evaluated at Florida International University (FIU) as a baseline technology. In conjunction with FIU`s evaluation of efficiency and cost, this report covers evaluation conducted for safety and health issues. It is a commercially available technology and has been used for various projects at locations throughout the country. The Pentek coating removal system consisted of the ROTO-PEEN Scaler, CORNER-CUTTER{reg_sign}, and VAC-PAC{reg_sign}. They are designed to remove coatings from steel, concrete, brick, and wood. The Scaler uses 3M Roto Peen tungsten carbide cutters while the CORNER-CUTTER{reg_sign} uses solid needles for descaling activities. These hand tools are used with the VAC-PAC{reg_sign} vacuum system to capture dust and debris as removal of the coating takes place. The safety and health evaluation during the testing demonstration focused on two main areas of exposure: dust and noise. Dust exposure minimal, but noise exposure was significant. Further testing for each exposure is recommended because of the environment where the testing demonstration took place. It is feasible that the dust and noise levels will be higher in an enclosed operating environment of different construction. In addition, other areas of concern found were arm-hand vibration, whole-body, ergonomics, heat stress, tripping hazards, electrical hazards, machine guarding, and lockout/tagout.

    NONE

    1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    237

    1.18 - Coatings by Laser Cladding  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract There are three processes, where solid feedstock materials are used for surface modification processes with a laser: cladding, dispersing and alloying. Currently, in industrial practice laser cladding with a history of about 30 years is by far the most important of these processes and is predominantly applied for wear protection of mechanical parts. For hard phase-containing coatings, laser cladding is performed as a one-step process. A metallurgical bonding of the coating to the substrate is created, but dilution of substrate elements into the coating is kept as low as possible. In the historical development different types of laser have been used, diode laser are currently the most important type. Coating properties can be improved and productivity can be increased by hybrid technologies, e.g. by the additional use of inductive heating. There are innumerable combinations of hard phases, also in respect of their concentration, size and morphology, and metallic binder alloys. However, coarse cast and spheroidized tungsten carbides and blends with Ni-based and Co-based alloys have gained the highest importance. Fine grained structures can be achieved by the use of cubic hard phases on the base of TiC and VC.

    Steffen Nowotny; Lutz-Michael Berger; Jörg Spatzier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    238

    Organosiloxane-grafted natural polymer coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new family of polysaccharide graft polymers are provided as corrosion resistant coatings having antimicrobial properties which are useful on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their alloys. Methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers are also included. The methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers involve reacting a polysaccharide source with an antimicrobial agent under conditions of hydrolysis-condensation.

    Sugama, Toshifumi (Wading River, NY)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    239

    Project Profile: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The University of California San Diego, under the 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) R&D funding opportunity announcement (FOA), is developing a new low-cost and scalable process for fabricating spectrally selective coatings (SSCs) to be used in solar absorbers for high-temperature CSP systems.

    240

    Polyorganometallosiloxane-2- or -4-pyridine coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new family of polyorganometallosiloxane-2- or -4-pyridine compounds are provided for corrosion resistant coatings on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their allows. The novel compounds contain backbones modified by metal alkoxides, metallocenes and metallophthalocyanates where the metal is Zr, Ti, Mo, V, Hf, Nb, Si, B and combinations thereof. Methods of making the new compounds are also provided.

    Sugama, Toshifumi (Wading River, NY)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    241

    Smart Polymeric Coatings for Surface Decontamination  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    20-26 The effectiveness of strippable coatings has been demonstrated at several nuclear facilities, including Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory,26 Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Rocky Flats. ... For safety reasons, the time spent within the facility was limited to 5 min each of the two times the technician entered. ...

    H. Neil Gray; Betty Jorgensen; Donald L. McClaugherty; Andrew Kippenberger

    2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    242

    Thermal barrier coatings application in diesel engines  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Commercial use of thermal barrier coatings in diesel engines began in the mid 70`s by Dr. Ingard Kvernes at the Central Institute for Industrial Research in Oslo, Norway. Dr. Kvernes attributed attack on diesel engine valves and piston crowns encountered in marine diesel engines in Norwegian ships as hot-corrosion attributed to a reduced quality of residual fuel. His solution was to coat these components to reduce metal temperature below the threshold of aggressive hot-corrosion and also provide protection. Roy Kamo introduced thermal barrier coatings in his `Adiabatic Diesel Engine` in the late 70`s. Kamo`s concept was to eliminate the engine block water cooling system and reduce heat losses. Roy reported significant performance improvements in his thermally insulated engine at the SAE Congress in 1982. Kamo`s work stimulates major programs with insulated engines, particularly in Europe. Most of the major diesel engine manufacturers conducted some level of test with insulated combustion chamber components. They initially ran into increased fuel consumption. The German engine consortium had Prof. Woschni of the Technical Institute in Munich. Woschni conducted testing with pistons with air gaps to provide the insulation effects. Woschni indicated the hot walls of the insulated engine created a major increase in heat transfer he refers to as `convection vive.` Woschni`s work was a major factor in the abrupt curtailment of insulated diesel engine work in continental Europe. Ricardo in the UK suggested that combustion should be reoptimized for the hot-wall effects of the insulated combustion chamber and showed under a narrow range of conditions fuel economy could be improved. The Department of Energy has supported thermal barrier coating development for diesel engine applications. In the Clean Diesel - 50 Percent Efficient (CD-50) engine for the year 2000, thermal barrier coatings will be used on piston crowns and possibly other components.

    Fairbanks, J.W.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    243

    Method For Improving The Oxidation Resistance Of Metal Substrates Coated With Thermal Barrier Coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method for providing a protective coating on a metal-based substrate is disclosed. The method involves the application of an aluminum-rich mixture to the substrate to form a discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles, followed by the application of a second coating over the discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles. Aluminum diffuses from the aluminum-rich layer into the substrate, and into any bond coat layer which is subsequently applied. Related articles are also described. A method for providing a protective coating on a metal-based substrate is disclosed. The method involves the application of an aluminum-rich mixture to the substrate to form a discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles, followed by the application of a second coating over the discontinuous layer of aluminum-rich particles. Aluminum diffuses from the aluminum-rich layer into the substrate, and into any bond coat layer which is subsequently applied. Related articles are also described.

    Thompson, Anthony Mark (Niskayuna, NY); Gray, Dennis Michael (Delanson, NY); Jackson, Melvin Robert (Niskayuna, NY)

    2003-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    244

    Hybrid glass coatings for optical fibers: effect of coating thickness on strength and dynamic fatigue characteristics of silica fibers  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hybrid glass coatings for optical fibers: effect of coating thickness on strength and dynamic. Wojcik c , A. Walewski c a Hybrid Glass Technologies, Inc., Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852, USA b Rutgers coatings. Recently developed sol-gel derived inorganic- organic hybrid materials called hybrid glass

    Matthewson, M. John

    245

    Paying for Likes? Understanding Facebook Like Fraud Using Honeypots  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Facebook pages offer an easy way to reach out to a very large audience as they can easily be promoted using Facebook's advertising platform. Recently, the number of likes of a Facebook page has become a measure of its popularity and profitability, and an underground market of services boosting page likes, aka like farms, has emerged. Some reports have suggested that like farms use a network of profiles that also like other pages to elude fraud protection algorithms, however, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no systematic analysis of Facebook pages' promotion methods. This paper presents a comparative measurement study of page likes garnered via Facebook ads and by a few like farms. We deploy a set of honeypot pages, promote them using both methods, and analyze garnered likes based on likers' demographic, temporal, and social characteristics. We highlight a few interesting findings, including that some farms seem to be operated by bots and do not really try to hide the nature of their operations, w...

    De Cristofaro, Emiliano; Jourjon, Guillaume; Kaafar, Mohamed Ali; Shafiq, M Zubair

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    246

    Front surface thermal property measurements of air plasma spray coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A front-surface measurement for determining the thermal properties of thermal barrier coatings has been applied to air plasma spray coatings. The measurement is used to determine all independent thermal properties of the coating simultaneously. Furthermore, with minimal requirements placed on the sample and zero sample preparation, measurements can be made under previously impossible conditions, such as on serviceable engine parts. Previous application of this technique was limited to relatively thin coatings, where a one-dimensional heat transfer model is applied. In this paper, the influence of heat spreading on the measurement of thicker coatings is investigated with the development of a two-dimensional heat transfer model.

    Bennett, Ted; Kakuda, Tyler [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5070 (United States); Kulkarni, Anand [Siemens Energy, Orlando, Florida 32826-2399 (United States)

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    247

    SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High-Performance Nanostructured High-Performance Nanostructured Coating to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: High-Performance Nanostructured Coating on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

    248

    Nanocomposite protective coatings for battery anodes  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Modified surfaces on metal anodes for batteries can help resist formation of malfunction-inducing surface defects. The modification can include application of a protective nanocomposite coating that can inhibit formation of surface defects. such as dendrites, on the anode during charge/discharge cycles. For example, for anodes having a metal (M'), the protective coating can be characterized by products of chemical or electrochemical dissociation of a nanocomposite containing a polymer and an exfoliated compound (M.sub.a'M.sub.b''X.sub.c). The metal, M', comprises Li, Na, or Zn. The exfoliated compound comprises M' among lamella of M.sub.b''X.sub.c, wherein M'' is Fe, Mo, Ta, W, or V, and X is S, O, or Se.

    Lemmon, John P; Xiao, Jie; Liu, Jun

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    249

    Article coated with flash bonded superhydrophobic particles  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of making article having a superhydrophobic surface includes: providing a solid body defining at least one surface; applying to the surface a plurality of diatomaceous earth particles and/or particles characterized by particle sizes ranging from at least 100 nm to about 10 .mu.m, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of nanopores, wherein at least some of the nanopores provide flow through porosity, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features that include a contiguous, protrusive material; flash bonding the particles to the surface so that the particles are adherently bonded to the surface; and applying a hydrophobic coating layer to the surface and the particles so that the hydrophobic coating layer conforms to the nanostructured features.

    Simpson, John T (Clinton, TN) [Clinton, TN; Blue, Craig A (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Kiggans, Jr., James O [Oak Ridge, TN

    2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    250

    High temperature low friction surface coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A high temperature, low friction, flexible coating for metal surfaces which are subject to rubbing contact includes a mixture of three parts graphite and one part cadmium oxide, ball milled in water for four hours, then mixed with thirty percent by weight of sodium silicate in water solution and a few drops of wetting agent. The mixture is sprayed 12-15 microns thick onto an electro-etched metal surface and air dried for thirty minutes, then baked for two hours at 65.degree. C. to remove the water and wetting agent, and baked for an additional eight hours at about 150.degree. C. to produce the optimum bond with the metal surface. The coating is afterwards burnished to a thickness of about 7-10 microns.

    Bhushan, Bharat (Watervliet, NY)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    251

    Sol-gel coatings for optoelectronic devices  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} prepared by a sol-gel process in form of coatings and aerogels are new materials which present interesting properties: (a) The coatings present electrochromic properties and exhibit a blue coloration under Li{sup +} insertion with 100% reversible variation of the optical transmission in the visible and near infrared range between 80% and 200% and have a high chemical stability (tested up to 2,000 cycles). (b) They are semiconductor and present a photoelectric effect when illuminating in the UV region ({lambda} < 360 nm). These films are therefore very promising to be used in electrochromic devices, as electrodes for photoelectrochemical purpose and the development of nanocrystalline solar cell. (c) When prepared in aerogel form, the high BET surface area of the powders is a promising asset to use these new materials for catalytic purposes for air pollution control.

    Avellaneda, C.O.; Macedo, M.A.; Florentino, A.O.; Aegerter, M.A. [Univ. of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica e Quimica

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    252

    Organosiloxane-grafted natural polymer coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new family of polysaccharide graft polymers are provided as corrosion resistant coatings having antimicrobial properties which are useful on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their alloys. Methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers are also included. The methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers involve reacting a polysaccharide source with an antimicrobial agent under conditions of hydrolysis-condensation. 17 figs.

    Sugama, Toshifumi

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    253

    Polyorganometallosiloxane-2- or -4-pyridine coatings  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A new family of polyorganometallosiloxane-2- or -4-pyridine compounds are provided for corrosion resistant coatings on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their alloys. The novel compounds contain backbones modified by metal alkoxides, metallocenes and metallophthalocyanates where the metal is Zr, Ti, Mo, V, Hf, Nb, Si, B and combinations thereof. Methods of making the new compounds are also provided. 13 figs.

    Sugama, T.

    1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    254

    North American Coating Laboratories | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    American Coating Laboratories American Coating Laboratories Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Coating Laboratories Address 9450 Pineneedle Drive Place Mentor, Ohio Zip 44060 Sector Services, Solar Product Consulting; Engineering/architectural/design; Manufacturing; Research and development;Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 440-357-7000 Website http://www.nacl.com Coordinates 41.70303°, -81.302082° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.70303,"lon":-81.302082,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

    255

    Molybdenum Coatings with Filtration of Plasma Flow  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deposition of molybdenum coatings in arc discharge with assistance of HF one is analyzed in this paper. To avoid substrate heating to high temperature and micro-arc formation during cleaning process, the surface cleaning was carried out with HF plasma only. For reduction of droplet fraction in plasma the 'freestanding' filter was utilized. As a filter a solenoid was used, which generated a curvilinear (with the angle of 90 deg.) transportation magnetic field. The effective crosssectional area of the plasma flow at which was observed the uniform distribution of the thickness of the applied coating, was equal to 113 sm{sup 2}. The coating on the base of arc discharge, filter and HF-biasing of substrate were deposited on different substrates, including glass and stainless steel.The optical (refractive index) properties of molybdenum films are presented. The reflective characteristics of the obtained molybdenum films in the range of wavelengths from 200 to 700 nm were measured.Molybdenum films were also investigated under the effect of the plasma emission, using an ECR discharge in a simple double-mirror magnetic trap. The time varying negative potential was supplied to sample holder what provided a wide energy distribution of ions bombarded the sample surface in range 30...1500V.

    Gasilin, V. V.; Nezovibat'ko, Y. N.; Shvets, O. M.; Taran, V. S.; Tereshin, V. I.; Timoshenko, A. I.; Zavaleev, V. A. [National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Akademicheskaya 1, 61108, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    256

    Advances in the electrospark deposition coating process  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Electrospark deposition (ESD) is a pulsed?arc microwelding process using short?duration high?current electrical pulses to deposit an electrode material on a metallic substrate. It is one of the few methods available by which a fused metallurgically bonded coating can be applied with such a low total heat input that the bulk substrate material remains at or near ambient temperatures. The short duration of the electrical pulse allows an extremely rapid solidification of the deposited material and results in an exceptionally fine?grained homogeneous coating that approaches (and with some materials actually is) an amorphous structure. This structure is believed to contribute to the good tribological and corrosion performance observed for hardsurfacing materials used in the demanding environments of high temperatures liquid metals and neutron irradiation. A brief historical review of the process is provided followed by descriptions of the present state of the art and of the performance and applications of electrospark deposition coating in liquid–metal?cooled nuclear reactors.

    Roger N. Johnson; G. L. Sheldon

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    257

    Phosphoric chemical conversion coating with excellent wax-repellent performance  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Wax deposition on pipelines is a serious problem for the production of crude oil. In this paper, phosphoric chemical conversion coatings were exploited to solve the problem. The chemical conversion coatings were fabricated on carbon substrate by surface modification technology at different temperature. A self-designed wax deposition apparatus based on cold-finger was used to study the wax-repellent properties of coatings, which indicated that all chemical conversion coatings showed superior wax-repellent performance to bare carbon substrate and the wax deposition reduction value of 80–95% was achieved by the chemical conversion coating obtained at room temperature. The microstructure and composition of coatings were evaluated by SEM and XRD, revealing that there existed much difference in the content of Zn3(PO4)2(H2O)4 phase and the microstructure among different coatings. The contact angle results measured on a contact angle meter showed that all coatings belonged to hydrophilic surface. And the study on the wetting behavior of Zn3(PO4)2(H2O)4 phase suggested that the water wetting property of coating was a key factor for suppressing wax deposition and the weak affinity between coating and wax also played an important role.

    Yuzhen Guo; Weiping Li; Liqun Zhu; Zhiwei Wang; Huicong Liu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    258

    The influence of coating compliance on the delamination of thermal barrier coatings Hengbei Zhao , Zhuo Yu, Haydn N.G. Wadley  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    zirconia (YSZ) thermal barrier coatings have been deposited on NiCoCrAlY over-lay bond-coated Hastelloy-X

    Wadley, Haydn

    259

    Crystal-Like geometric modeling  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    faces, symmetry, and fractal geometry. The techniques have also been implemented in software, as a proof of concept. They are used in an interactive geometric modeling system, in which users can use these techniques to create crystal-like shapes...

    Landreneau, Eric Benjamin

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    260

    Film Coating Process Research and Characterization of TiN Coated Racetrack-type Ceramic Pipe  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TiN film was coated on the internal face of racetrack-type ceramic pipe by three different methods: radio-frequency sputtering, DC sputtering and DC magnetron sputtering. The deposition rates of TiN film under different coating methods were compared. According to the AFM, SEM, XPS test results,these properties were analyzed, such as TiN film roughness and surface morphology. At the same time, the deposition rates were studied under two types' cathode, Ti wires and Ti plate. According to the SEM test results, Ti plate cathode can improve the TiN/Ti film deposition rate obviously.

    Wang, Jie; Zhang, Bo; Wei, Wei; Fan, Le; Pei, Xiangtao; Hong, Yuanzhi; Wang, Yong

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    261

    Shirley Coates Brostmeyer: Changing the (Engineering) Game | Department of  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Shirley Coates Brostmeyer: Changing the (Engineering) Game Shirley Coates Brostmeyer: Changing the (Engineering) Game Shirley Coates Brostmeyer: Changing the (Engineering) Game March 22, 2011 - 6:23pm Addthis Shirley Coates Brostmeyer holds FTT’s twin-spool turbofan, the most efficient micro-turbine of its size | credit Frank Serio Shirley Coates Brostmeyer holds FTT's twin-spool turbofan, the most efficient micro-turbine of its size | credit Frank Serio April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs In honor of Women's History Month, we've brought you the stories of several women in the energy and science industries -- past, present and future. This week we spoke with Shirley Coates Brostmeyer, co-founder, CEO and owner of Florida Turbine Technologies, to find out what it takes to run

    262

    Warm coats, big thanks | Y-12 National Security Complex  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Community / Warm coats, big thanks Community / Warm coats, big thanks Warm coats, big thanks Posted: January 9, 2014 - 2:23pm Over the last 12 years, Y-12ers have donated almost 7000 coats, sweaters and other winter wear to the Volunteer Ministry Center. As East Tennessee faces the coldest temperatures seen in a long while, Y-12ers have shown their volunteer spirit for the twelfth straight year by helping countless people stay warm thanks to another successful United Way Coat Drive to benefit the Volunteer Ministry Center. In total, the site donated 589 coats and winter wear items, 64 pairs of gloves, 47 scarves, and 66 hats and toboggans, which VMC makes available to the public through its Knoxville office. In addition, this year's efforts were expanded to include collection of toiletries for VMC. Y-12 collected more than 20 copy paper boxes full of

    263

    Stress analysis of aspherical coated particle with inner pressure  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Coated particles used in HTR fuel element sustain the inner pressure during irradiation as a pressure vessel. In actually the coated particle is not real spherical but with some asphericity, the stress distribution in the vessel is not uniform, coated layer in aspherical particle sustain more additional stress due to the asphericity. In this paper, the geometric shape distribution is summarized based on actual coated particle statistic. A mechanical analysis model is proposed for SiC layer by geometric combinations, and stress distribution of coated particle with a flat is calculated. The results show that the local maximum stress of aspherical particle increased two times than that of ideal spherical coated particle, which increase the failure probability under irradiation and high temperature.

    Bing Liu; Lin Yang; Tongxiang Liang; Chunhe Tang

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    264

    Process for coating tungsten carbide with cobalt metal  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A process is described for coating tungsten carbide with cobalt metal, the process comprising: (a) forming an aqueous slurry of tungsten carbide having a particle size of no greater than - 100 mesh, and zinc metal powder; (b) adding ammonia to the slurry with the amount of the ammonia being sufficient so that the slurry is basic after the subsequent addition of cobalt chloride in step c; (c) adding to the resulting ammoniated slurry, a solution of cobalt chloride with agitation, to form a coating of partially reduced cobalt on the tungsten carbide; (d) removing the resulting cobalt coated tungsten carbide from the resulting liquor; and (e) heating the cobalt coated tungsten carbide in a reducing atmosphere to effect the essentially complete reduction of the cobalt and to produce a cobalt metal coating on the tungsten carbide, the coating making up no greater than about 15% of weight of the tungsten carbide.

    Ritsko, J.E.; Lee, J.S.

    1989-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    265

    High temperature ceramic articles having corrosion resistant coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A ceramic article is disclosed which includes a porous body of SiC fibers, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} fibers, SiC coated fibers or Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} coated fibers, having at least one surface, the article having a coating of AlN adherently disposed throughout at least a portion of the porous body. 1 fig.

    Stinton, D.P.; Lee, W.Y.

    1997-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    266

    Resistive coating for current conductors in cryogenic applications  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    This invention relates to a resistive or semiconducting coating for use on current conductors in cryogenic applications. This includes copper-clad superconductor wire, copper wire used for stabilizing superconductor magnets, and for hyperconductors. The coating is a film of cuprous sulfide (Cu.sub.2 S) that has been found not to degrade the properties of the conductors. It is very adherent to the respective conductors and satisfies the mechanical, thermal and electrical requirements of coatings for the conductors.

    Hirayama, Chikara (Murrysville, PA); Wagner, George R. (Murrysville, PA)

    1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    267

    Corrosion resistant coatings suitable for elevated temperature application  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention relates to corrosion resistance coatings suitable for elevated temperature applications, which employ compositions of iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and/or aluminum (Al). The compositions may be configured to regulate the diffusion of metals between a coating and a substrate, which may then influence coating performance, via the formation of an inter-diffusion barrier layer. The inter-diffusion barrier layer may comprise a face-centered cubic phase.

    Chan, Kwai S. (San Antonio, TX); Cheruvu, Narayana Sastry (San Antonio, TX); Liang, Wuwei (Austin, TX)

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    268

    Sealed glass coating of high temperature ceramic superconductors  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method and article of manufacture of a lead oxide based glass coating on a high temperature superconductor. The method includes preparing a dispersion of glass powders in a solution, applying the dispersion to the superconductor, drying the dispersion before applying another coating and heating the glass powder dispersion at temperatures below oxygen diffusion onset and above the glass melting point to form a continuous glass coating on the superconductor to establish compressive stresses which enhance the fracture strength of the superconductor.

    Wu, Weite (Tainan, TW); Chu, Cha Y. (Garnerville, NY); Goretta, Kenneth C. (Downers Grove, IL); Routbort, Jules L. (Darien, IL)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    269

    Microstructure and mechanical properties of Ni-based composite coatings reinforced by in situ synthesized TiB2 + TiC by laser cladding  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    A Ni-based composite coating reinforced by in situ synthesized TiB2...and TiC particles was fabricated on Ti6Al4V by laser cladding. An attempt was made to correlate the...2, flower-like or equiaxial TiC, and fin...

    Jun Li; Xuan-jun Zhang; Hui-ping Wang…

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    270

    Self-cleaning skin-like prosthetic polymer surfaces  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An external covering and method of making an external covering for hiding the internal endoskeleton of a mechanical (e.g., prosthetic) device that exhibits skin-like qualities is provided. The external covering generally comprises an internal bulk layer in contact with the endoskeleton of the prosthetic device and an external skin layer disposed about the internal bulk layer. The external skin layer is comprised of a polymer composite with carbon nanotubes embedded therein. The outer surface of the skin layer has multiple cone-shaped projections that provide the external skin layer with superhydrophobicity. The carbon nanotubes are preferably vertically aligned between the inner surface and outer surface of the external skin layer in order to provide the skin layer with the ability to transmit heat. Superhydrophobic powders may optionally be used as part of the polymer composite or applied as a coating to the surface of the skin layer to enhance superhydrophobicity.

    Simpson, John T. (Clinton, TN); Ivanov, Ilia N. (Knoxville, TN); Shibata, Jason (Manhattan Beach, CA)

    2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    271

    Evaluation of Perfluoropolyether Coatings for Environmental Protection of Stone.  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ??The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate the rapid expansion of supercritical solutions (RESS) as an environmentally safe coating process. RESS allows… (more)

    Harris, Robert Bryan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    272

    Boron nitride nanosheets as oxygen-atom corrosion protective coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The research of two-dimensional nanomaterials for anticorrosion applications is just recently burgeoning. Herein, we demonstrate the boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) coatings for protecting polymer from oxygen-atom corrosion. High-quality BNNSs, which are produced by an effective fluid dynamics method with multiple exfoliation mechanisms, can be assembled into coatings with controlled thickness by vacuum filtration. After exposed in atom oxygen, the naked polymer is severely corroded with remarkable mass loss, while the BNNSs-coated polymer remains intact. Barrier and bonding effects of the BNNSs are responsible for the coating's protective performance. These preliminary yet reproducible results pave a way for resisting oxygen-atom corrosion.

    Yi, Min [Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Technology Research and Development, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Plasma Laboratory, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Shen, Zhigang, E-mail: shenzhg@buaa.edu.cn [Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Technology Research and Development, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Plasma Laboratory, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Zhao, Xiaohu [Plasma Laboratory, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Liang, Shuaishuai [Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Technology Research and Development, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Liu, Lei [Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Technology Research and Development, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    273

    Femtosecond Laser Damage Resistance of Optical Coating Materials  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    On the basis of recent experiments and published results we investigate the Laser Induced Damage Threshold of optical coatings materials (oxides, fluorides, mixture materials) with...

    Gallais, Laurent; Commandré, Mireille

    274

    A millimeter-wave antireflection coating for cryogenic silicon lenses  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We have developed and tested an antireflection (AR) coating method for silicon lenses at cryogenic temperatures and millimeter wavelengths. Our particular application is a measurement of the cosmic microwave background. The coating consists of machined pieces of Cirlex glued to the silicon. The measured reflection from an AR coated flat piece is less than 1.5% at the design wavelength. The coating has been applied to flats and lenses and has survived multiple thermal cycles from 300 to 4 K. We present the manufacturing method, the material properties, the tests performed, and estimates of the loss that can be achieved in practical lenses.

    J. M. Lau; J. W. Fowler; T. A. Marriage; L. Page; J. Leong; E. Wishnow; R. Henry; E. Wollck; M. Halpern; D. Marsden; G. Marsden

    2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    275

    Method of fabricating silicon carbide coatings on graphite surfaces  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The vacuum plasma spray process produces well-bonded, dense, stress-free coatings for a variety of materials on a wide range of substrates. The process is used in many industries to provide for the excellent wear, corrosion resistance, and high temperature behavior of the fabricated coatings. In this application, silicon metal is deposited on graphite. This invention discloses the optimum processing parameters for as-sprayed coating qualities. The method also discloses the effect of thermal cycling on silicon samples in an inert helium atmosphere at about 1,600 C which transforms the coating to silicon carbide. 3 figs.

    Varacalle, D.J. Jr.; Herman, H.; Burchell, T.D.

    1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    276

    Method of fabricating silicon carbide coatings on graphite surfaces  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The vacuum plasma spray process produces well-bonded, dense, stress-free coatings for a variety of materials on a wide range of substrates. The process is used in many industries to provide for the excellent wear, corrosion resistance, and high temperature behavior of the fabricated coatings. In this application, silicon metal is deposited on graphite. This invention discloses the optimum processing parameters for as-sprayed coating qualities. The method also discloses the effect of thermal cycling on silicon samples in an inert helium atmosphere at about 1600.degree.C. which transforms the coating to silicon carbide.

    Varacalle, Jr., Dominic J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Herman, Herbert (Port Jefferson, NY); Burchell, Timothy D. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    277

    OPTI 577-Advanced Optical Interference Coatings Course Description  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to current market design, optical characterization and post-process analysis software. Prerequisite: OPTI 575, inhomogeneity. Electrochromic Coatings. Introduction to Chemical Vapor Deposition and Coater #4. Refinement

    Arizona, University of

    278

    Project Profile: Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    these novel optical coatings on the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) of concentrating solar power (CSP) system in field trials. Innovation The durability and cleanability, in...

    279

    Development of spray coated cathodes for RITS-6.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This report documents work conducted in FY13 to conduct a feasibility study on thermal spray coated cathodes to be used in the RITS-6 accelerator in an attempt to improve surface uniformity and repeatability. Currently, the cathodes are coated with colloidal silver by means of painting by hand. It is believed that improving the cathode coating process could simplify experimental setup and improve flash x-ray radiographic performance. This report documents the experimental setup and summarizes the results of our feasibility study. Lastly, it describes the path forward and potential challenges that must be overcome in order to improve the process for creating uniform and repeatable silver coatings for cathodes.

    Simpson, Sean; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Miller, Stephen Samuel

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    280

    Plasma parameters in electrospark deposition of silver coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Spectroscopic measurements and mathematical simulations are conducted to study the composition and parameters of spark discharge in depositing coatings with silver electrodes using an Élitron-22 generator. The...

    V. D. Kurochkin; L. P. Kravchenko; L. O. Kryachko…

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    281

    Optimal design of antireflection coatings with different metrics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    roles in laser technology, spectroscopy, optoelectronics, solar energy, and many other fields of applied optics. The most common optical coatings are those ...

    2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    282

    Apparatus and method for measuring the thickness of a coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An apparatus and method for measuring the thickness of a coating adhered to a substrate. An electromagnetic acoustic transducer is used to induce surface waves into the coating. The surface waves have a selected frequency and a fixed wavelength. Interpolation is used to determine the frequency of surface waves that propagate through the coating with the least attenuation. The phase velocity of the surface waves having this frequency is then calculated. The phase velocity is compared to known phase velocity/thickness tables to determine the thickness of the coating.

    Carlson, Nancy M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Johnson, John A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tow, David M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walter, John B (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    283

    MATERIALS, INTERFACES, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PHENOMENA Hydrophilic Zeolite Coatings for Improved  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MATERIALS, INTERFACES, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PHENOMENA Hydrophilic Zeolite Coatings for Improved Heat the system, decreases the oper- ation noise and the pumping cost. Another major consideration for a heat

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    284

    Colored solar-thermal absorbing coatings with high absorptance  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    It's difficult to obtain different color appearance and keep high absorptance simultaneously. We introduced AR films into solar-thermal absorbing coatings to tune the color appearance...

    Wang, Shao-Wei; Chen, Feiliang; Liu, Xingxing; Wang, Xiaofang; Yu, Liming; Lu, Wei

    285

    Thin film coating process using an inductively coupled plasma  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thin coatings of normally solid materials are applied to target substrates using an inductively coupled plasma. Particles of the coating material are vaporized by plasma heating, and pass through an orifice to a first vacuum zone in which the particles are accelerated to a velocity greater than Mach 1. The shock wave generated in the first vacuum zone is intercepted by the tip of a skimmer cone that provides a second orifice. The particles pass through the second orifice into a second zone maintained at a higher vacuum and impinge on the target to form the coating. Ultrapure coatings can be formed.

    Kniseley, Richard N. (Ames, IA); Schmidt, Frederick A. (Ames, IA); Merkle, Brian D. (Ames, IA)

    1990-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    286

    Mickey Leland Energy Fellowship Report: Development of Advanced Window Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Advanced fenestration technologies for light and thermal management in building applications are of great recent research interest for improvements in energy efficiency. Of these technologies, there is specific interest in advanced window coating technologies that have tailored control over the visible and infrared (IR) scattering into a room for both static and dynamic applications. Recently, PNNL has investigated novel subwavelength nanostructured coatings for both daylighting, and IR thermal management applications. Such coatings rese still in the early stages and additional research is needed in terms of scalable manufacturing. This project investigates aspects of a potential new methodology for low-cost scalable manufacture of said subwavelength coatings.

    Bolton, Ladena A.; Alvine, Kyle J.; Schemer-Kohrn, Alan L.

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    287

    24 SOLUTIONS! for People, Processes and Paper COATING TECHNOLOGY  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is available on www.tappi.org · See references at the end of this article NEW CURTAIN COATING TECHNOLOGY OFFERS

    Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

    288

    HA-Coated Implant: Bone Interface in Total Joint Arthroplasty  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Several hydroxyapatite application techniques on metallic substrates have been described. Traditionally, bioactive osteoconductive coatings are done by the plasma-spray technique. Newer pyroprocessing and hydroco...

    Henrik Daugaard MD; PhD; Joan E. Bechtold…

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    289

    Structurally Integrated Coatings for Wear and Corrosion  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wear and corrosion of structures cuts across industries and continues to challenge materials scientists and engineers to develop cost effective solutions. Industries typically seek mature technologies that can be implemented for production with rapid or minimal development and have little appetite for the longer-term materials research and development required to solve complex problems. The collaborative work performed in this project addressed the complexity of this problem in a multi-year program that industries would be reluctant to undertake without government partnership. This effort built upon the prior development of Advanced Abrasion Resistant Materials conduct by Caterpillar Inc. under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-01NT41054. In this referenced work, coatings were developed that exhibited significant wear life improvements over standard carburized heat treated steel in abrasive wear applications. The technology used in this referenced work, arc lamp fusing of thermal spray coatings, was one of the primary technical paths in this work effort. In addition to extending the capability of the coating technology to address corrosion issues, additional competitive coating technologies were evaluated to insure that the best technology was developed to meet the goals of the program. From this, plasma transferred arc (PTA) welding was selected as the second primary technology that was investigated. Specifically, this project developed improved, cost effective surfacing materials and processes for wear and corrosion resistance in both sliding and abrasive wear applications. Materials with wear and corrosion performance improvements that are 4 to 5 times greater than heat treated steels were developed. The materials developed were based on low cost material systems utilizing ferrous substrates and stainless steel type matrix with hard particulates formed from borides and carbides. Affordability was assessed against other competing hard surfacing or coating techniques, balanced with overall materials performance. State-of-the-art design and simulation capabilities were used to guide materials and process refinement. Caterpillar was the lead of the multi-partner collaborative project. Specific tasks were performed by the partners base on their unique capabilities. The project team was selected to include leaders in the field of material development, processing, modeling, and material characterization. Specifically, industrial members include the suppliers Deloro Stellite and Powder Alloy Corporation., who provided the experimental alloys and who aided in the development of the costs for the alloys, the Missouri University of Science and Technology and Iowa State University, who provided help in the alloy development and material characterization, QuesTek Innovations, a small company specializing the microstructural modeling of materials, and the DOE laboratories, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and National Energy Technology Laboratory (Albany), who provided unique coating process capability and wear characterization testing. The technologies developed in this program are expected to yield energy savings of about 50% over existing technologies, or 110 trillion BTUs per year by 2020 when fully implemented. Primary applications by Caterpillar are to replace the surface of machine components which are currently carburized and heat treated with new cladding materials with double the wear life. The new cladding technologies will consume less energy than carburizing. Thus, nearly 50% energy savings can be expected as a result from elimination of the heat treat process and the reduce wear of the materials. Additionally, when technologies from this project are applied on titanium or other non-ferrous substrates to make lighter weight, more wear resistant, and more efficient structures, significant fuel savings can be realized. With the anticipated drastic reduction in cost for refining titanium-containing ores, the usage of titanium alloys in earthmoving and related machinery is expected to increase multiple folds in the next d

    Beardsley, M. Brad; Sebright, Jason L.

    2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    290

    Platinum-Coated Nickel Nanowires as Oxygen-Reducing Electrocatalysts  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platinum (Pt)-coated nickel (Ni) nanowires (PtNiNWs) are synthesized by the partial spontaneous galvanic displacement of NiNWs, with a diameter of 150 250 nm and a length of 100 200 m. PtNiNWs are electrochemically characterized for oxygen reduction (ORR) in rotating disk electrode half-cells with an acidic electrolyte and compared to carbon-supported Pt (Pt/HSC) and a polycrystalline Pt electrode. Like other extended surface catalysts, the nanowire morphology yields significant gains in ORR specific activity compared to Pt/HSC. Unlike other extended surface approaches, the resultant materials have yielded exceptionally high surface areas, greater than 90 m2 gPt 1. These studies have found that reducing the level of Pt displacement increases Pt surface area and ORR mass activity. PtNiNWs produce a peak mass activity of 917 mA mgPt 1, 3.0 times greater than Pt/HSC and 2.1 times greater than the U.S. Department of Energy target for proton-exchange membrane fuel cell activity.

    Alia, Shaun M [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Larsen, Brian A [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Pylypenko, Svitlana [ORNL; Cullen, David A [ORNL; Diercks, David R [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Neyerlin, Kenneth C [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Kocha, Shyam S [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Pivovar, Bryan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    291

    Nanocrystalline carbon coatings and powders for medicine  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    All the allotropic forms of carbon, i.e., diamond, graphite and carbine, find applications in different areas of medicine, but diamond is specifically preferred. The unique properties of thin diamond layers, due to the highest biocompatibility of carbon resulting from the presence of this element in human body, make them candidates for producing biomaterials. Especially carbon in the form of a nanocrystalline diamond film has found industrial applications in the area of medical implants. Diamond Powder Particles (DPP), as an extended surface NCD, are useful for medical examinations. Different medical implants are covered with Nanocrystalline Diamond Coatings (NCD). NCD forms a diffusion barrier between implant and human environment.

    Katarzyna Mitura; Anna Karczemska; Piotr Niedzielski; Jacek Grabarczyk; Witold Kaczorowski; Petr Louda; Stanislaw Mitura

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    292

    Fabrication and testing of corrosion resistant coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The susceptibility of SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub n} to sodium corrosion mandates that corrosion resistant coatings be developed to protect silicon-based turbine engine components. Materials with good corrosion resistance and thermal expansions that nearly match SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} have been identified. Corrosion testing of hot-pressed pellets of these compounds has identified the most promising materials. Development of chemical vapor deposition system to apply these materials has been initiated. 20 refs., 3 figs.

    Stinton, D.P.; McLaughlin, J.C.; Riester, L.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    293

    Development and Characterization of Hard and Wear Resistant MMC Coating on Ti-6Al-4V Substrate by Laser Cladding  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Ti-6Al-4V, due to its high specific strength and resistance to corrosion, is one of the highly useful materials in aerospace, automobile and chemical industries. Poor hardness and wear resistance properties restrict its further applications. So surface modification of Ti-6Al-4V is necessary surface to enhance its tribological properties. Multi-phase and multi component coating development is one of the present research trends in surface engineering arena. In the present study it was attempted to develop a multi-component coating by laser cladding process using a pre-placed powder mixture containing Ni5Al (50 vol%) + hBN (10 vol%) + B4C (20 vol%) + SiC (20 vol%) on substrate of Ti-6Al-4V to improve its tribological performance. A nano-structured coating was formed with micro hardness (780 HV0.05). X-ray diffraction (XRD) identified the presence of compounds like TiC, BN, TiB2, SiC, and intermetallics of Ni-Ti in the coating. The wear behaviour of the composite coating was assessed by ball on disc type wear and friction monitor at 10 N load at 300 RPM taking a track diameter of 5 mm. Specific wear rate and coefficient of friction (?) were found to vary from 0.6E-12 to 2.2E-12 m3/N-m and from 0.15 to 0.45, respectively, due to rubbing of coated surface against tungsten carbide ball. The microstructure was explored by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

    Mandeep Dhanda; Barun Haldar; P. Saha

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    294

    Tokamak-like Vlasov equilibria  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlasov equilibria of axisymmetric plasmas with vacuum toroidal magnetic field can be reduced, up to a selection of ions and electrons distributions functions, to a Grad-Shafranov-like equation. Quasineutrality narrow the choice of the distributions functions. In contrast to two-dimensional translationally symmetric equilibria whose electron distribution function consists of a displaced Maxwellian, the toroidal equilibria need deformed Maxwellians. In order to be able to carry through the calculations, this deformation is produced by means of either a Heaviside step function or an exponential function. The resulting Grad-Shafranov-like equations are established explicitly.

    Tasso, H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    295

    Effect of coating time on corrosion behavior of electroless nickel-phosphorus coated powder metallurgy iron specimens  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powder metallurgy iron specimens with porosities in the range 0% to 2% were electroless coated with nickel-phosphorus alloy from baths containing sodium hypophosphite (NaH{sub 2}PO{sub 2}{center_dot}H{sub 2}O). The effect of coating time on thickness and phosphorus content of the deposit was analyzed. The free corrosion potentials and corrosion rates of the coated specimens were obtained by the Tafel extrapolation method in 1.0 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution. Corrosion rates of the coated specimens after heat treatment also were studied. The observed corrosion characteristics were explained by the mixed-potential theory.

    Singh, D.; Balasubramaniam, R.; Dube, R.K. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kanpur (India). Dept. of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    296

    Preparation of grape-like Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ti photoanode and its visible light activity  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graphical abstract: Compact and grape-like bismuth oxide (Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}) coated titania (Ti) anode was prepared by oxalic acid (H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}) etching, electrodeposition and calcination in order to explore its photoelectrocatalytic activities. The Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating was demonstrated to be full of pores, and a good combination between Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer and honeycomb-like Ti substrate was observed by scanning electron microscopy. A synergy was found between electrolysis and photocatalysis using the prepared Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ti anode for photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of azo dye Acid Orange 7 under visible light irradiation (420 nm). Research highlights: {yields} Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ti anode was prepared by H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} etching, electrodeposition and calcination. {yields} A compact and grape-like Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} coated Ti anode was obtained. {yields} Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating was full of pores, and have a good combination with Ti substrate. {yields} A synergy was observed in photoelectrocatalytic oxidation under visible light. -- Abstract: Compact and grape-like bismuth oxide (Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}) coated titania (Ti) anode was prepared by oxalic acid (H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}) etching, electrodeposition and calcination in order to explore its photoelectrocatalytic activities. The Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating was demonstrated to be full of pores, and a good combination between Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer and honeycomb-like Ti substrate was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The characteristic morphology of Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating indicated that the electrode is stable during degradation. The Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ti electrode was used in oxidative degradation of Acid Orange 7 by electrolysis, photocatalytic oxidation and photoelectrocatalytic oxidation processes. The pseudo-first order kinetics parameter (K{sub app}) of photoelectrocatalytic process was 1.15 times of the sum of electrolysis and photocatalytic oxidation under visible light irradiation at 420 nm. The results indicated that the synergy of electrolysis and photocatalysis lead to an excellent photoelectrocatalytic property of the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ti electrode.

    Li, Guoting [Department of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, North China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011 (China) [Department of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, North China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011 (China); Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong SAR (China); Yip, H.Y. [Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong SAR (China)] [Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong SAR (China); Hu, Chun [State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100085 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100085 (China); Wong, P.K., E-mail: pkwong@cuhk.edu.hk [Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong SAR (China); Environmental Science Programme, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong SAR (China)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    297

    Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Superhard and low-friction coatings and surface...

    298

    Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    using Iron-oxide Coated Coal Ash. In Arsenic Contaminationwater using  iron?oxide coated coal bottom ash  Johanna L.  using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash JOHANNA L. MATHIEU

    MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    299

    Widget:FacebookLike | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FacebookLike FacebookLike Jump to: navigation, search This widget puts a Facebook "Like" button onto the current page. In most cases, if should only be called via Template:FacebookLike. Parameters Parameter Type Required? Example Description url URL Y http://en.openei.org/ The URL which will be "liked" if the resulting button is clicked. height Integer Y 35 Height of the Like button iframe (in pixels). width Integer Y 100 Width of the Like button iframe (in pixels). Example Output Ext LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ernal resources http://developers.facebook.com/docs/reference/plugins/like Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Widget:FacebookLike&oldid=305090" Category:

    300

    Gold-coated nanoparticles for use in biotechnology applications  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process of preparing gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles is disclosed and includes forming a suspension of magnetic nanoparticles within a suitable liquid, adding an amount of a reducible gold compound and a reducing agent to the suspension, and, maintaining the suspension for time sufficient to form gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles.

    Berning, Douglas E. (Los Alamos, NM); Kraus, Jr., Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM); Atcher, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Schmidt, Jurgen G. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    301

    Gold-coated nanoparticles for use in biotechnology applications  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A process of preparing gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles is disclosed and includes forming a suspension of magnetic nanoparticles within a suitable liquid, adding an amount of a reducible gold compound and a reducing agent to the suspension, and, maintaining the suspension for time sufficient to form gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles.

    Berning, Douglas E. (Los Alamos, NM); Kraus, Jr., Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM); Atcher, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Schmidt, Jurgen G. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    302

    Morphology and thermal conductivity of yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    yttria-stabilized zir- conia (YSZ) is then applied to provide thermal insulation [1]. This ceramic layer]. The thermal conductivity of the ceramic layer has been found to depend on the pore morphology within a coatingMorphology and thermal conductivity of yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings Hengbei Zhao a

    Wadley, Haydn

    303

    Atomic layer deposited protective coatings for micro-electromechanical systems$  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atomic layer deposited protective coatings for micro-electromechanical systems$ Nils D. Hoivika of thin-®lm materials to protect MEMS devices from electrical breakdown, mechanical wear and stiction. Electrostatic testing of the coated MEMS cantilever beams revealed that the ALD Al2O3 ®lms prevented electrical

    George, Steven M.

    304

    Y-12 collects nearly 600 coats | National Nuclear Security Administration  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    collects nearly 600 coats | National Nuclear Security Administration collects nearly 600 coats | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Y-12 collects nearly 600 coats Y-12 collects nearly 600 coats Posted By Office of Public Affairs Warm coats, big thanks As East Tennessee faces the coldest temperatures seen in a long while,

    305

    Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics | Department of  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics August 19, 2013 - 4:12pm Addthis The outermost layers of photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, are the electrical contacts and anti-reflective coating. These layers provide essential functions to the cell's operation. Electrical Contacts Electrical contacts are essential to PV cells because they bridge the connection between the semiconductor material and the external electrical load, such as a light bulb. The back contact of a cell-the side away from the incoming sunlight-is relatively simple. It usually consists of a layer of aluminum or molybdenum metal. Illustration of a cutaway of a typical solar cell. The layers, from top to bottom, include a cover glass, transparent adhesive, antireflection coating, front contact, n-type semiconductor, p-type seminconductor, and back contact.

    306

    Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics | Department of  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics Photovoltaic Electrical Contact and Cell Coating Basics August 19, 2013 - 4:12pm Addthis The outermost layers of photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, are the electrical contacts and anti-reflective coating. These layers provide essential functions to the cell's operation. Electrical Contacts Electrical contacts are essential to PV cells because they bridge the connection between the semiconductor material and the external electrical load, such as a light bulb. The back contact of a cell-the side away from the incoming sunlight-is relatively simple. It usually consists of a layer of aluminum or molybdenum metal. Illustration of a cutaway of a typical solar cell. The layers, from top to bottom, include a cover glass, transparent adhesive, antireflection coating, front contact, n-type semiconductor, p-type seminconductor, and back contact.

    307

    Durable polymer-aerogel based superhydrophobic coatings, a composite material  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Provided are polymer-aerogel composite coatings, devices and articles including polymer-aerogel composite coatings, and methods for preparing the polymer-aerogel composite. The exemplary article can include a surface, wherein the surface includes at least one region and a polymer-aerogel composite coating disposed over the at least one region, wherein the polymer-aerogel composite coating has a water contact angle of at least about 140.degree. and a contact angle hysteresis of less than about 1.degree.. The polymer-aerogel composite coating can include a polymer and an ultra high water content catalyzed polysilicate aerogel, the polysilicate aerogel including a three dimensional network of silica particles having surface functional groups derivatized with a silylating agent and a plurality of pores.

    Kissel, David J; Brinker, Charles Jeffrey

    2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    308

    Thailand's gas line underway: coating a major achievement  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Using primarily local personnel and materials, Bredero Price International's Thai pipe-coating plant has prepared some 374 miles of 34 and 28-in. pipe for service in the Gulf of Thailand gas-pipeline project. The enamel-coating shop cleaned, primed and coated all the pipe with coal-tar enamel, glass-fiber mat, felt, and a kraft-paper outer wrap; the cement-coating facility then added a concrete-weight coating to the portion of the pipe earmarked for offshore duty. Scheduled for a 1981 completion, the pipeline will initially carry 250 million CF/day to power-generating plants in Bangpakong and South Bangkok; the volume transported will eventually reach 500 million CF/day when addition offshore production is tied in to the line and an offshore compressor station added.

    Hale, D.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    309

    Influence of insulating coating on aluminum wire explosions  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Single wire explosions are widely used in understanding the early stages of z-pinch experiments. This paper presents a serial of experiments conducted on the pulse power generator with ?1?kA peak current and ?10?ns rising time in Xi'an Jiao Tong University. Polyimide coated aluminum wires and uncoated ones were tested under three different voltages to analyze the effect of insulating coating. Experimental results showed that insulating coating can increase the energy deposition 10%?30% in aluminum wires by delaying the voltage collapse and raising the maximum load resistance. The substantial energy deposition resulted in about 20% faster expansion rates for coated wires. Experimental evidence that plasma channel shunts the current from the wire core was observed by streak camera and schlieren graphs. This paper also briefly discussed the influence of nonuniform coating on the morphology of wire expansion.

    Li, Yang; Wu, Jian, E-mail: jxjawj@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); State Key Laboratory of Intense Pulse Radiation of Simulation and Effect, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Sheng, Liang; Zhao, Jizhen; Zhang, Mei; Yuan, Yuan; Peng, Bodong [State Key Laboratory of Intense Pulse Radiation of Simulation and Effect, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Li, Xingwen [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    310

    Process for forming a metal compound coating on a substrate  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of coating a substrate with a thin layer of a metal compound by forming a dispersion of an electrophoretically active organic colloid and a precursor of the metal compound in an electrolytic cell in which the substrate is an electrode. Upon application of an electric potential, the electrode is coated with a mixture of the organic colloid and the precursor to the metal compound, and the coated substrate is then heated in the presence of an atmosphere or vacuum to decompose the organic colloid and form a coating of either a combination of metal compound and carbon, or optionally forming a porous metal compound coating by heating to a temperature high enough to chemically react the carbon.

    Sharp, Donald J. (Albuquerque, NM); Vernon, Milton E. (Albuquerque, NM); Wright, Steven A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    311

    Process for forming a metal compound coating on a substrate  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of coating a substrate with a thin layer of a metal compound by forming a dispersion of an electrophoretically active organic colloid and a precursor of the metal compound in an electrolytic cell in which the substrate is an electrode. Upon application of an electric potential, the electrode is coated with a mixture of the organic colloid and the precursor to the metal compound, and the coated substrate is then heated in the presence of an atmosphere or vacuum to decompose the organic colloid and form a coating of either a combination of metal compound and carbon, or optionally forming a porous metal compound coating by heating to a temperature high enough to chemically react the carbon.

    Sharp, D.J.; Vernon, M.E.; Wright, S.A.

    1988-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    312

    Thermal Barrier Coatings Chemically and Mechanically Resistant to High Temperature Attack by Molten Ashes.  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?? Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are ceramic coatings used on component in the hottest sections of gas turbine engines, used for power generation and aviation.… (more)

    Gledhill, Andrew Dean

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    313

    E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous boron coatings Sample Search...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , S. Li et al., "Microstructure and deposition mechanism of CVD amorphous boron carbide coatings... ., "Preparation of pure boron coating film and its characterization by...

    314

    E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum strand coating Sample Search Results  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    evaporate nickel and aluminum and then reactively deposit NiAl bond coats... coat's oxidation resistance is achieved by the use of sufficient aluminum to result in the...

    315

    Cryogenic far-infrared laser absorptivity measurements of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope mirror coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Far-infrared laser calorimetry was used to measure the absorptivity, and thus the emissivity, of aluminum-coated silicon carbide mirror samples produced during the coating...

    Fischer, Jacqueline; Klaassen, Tjeerd; Hovenier, Niels; Jakob, Gerd; Poglitsch, Albrecht; Sternberg, Oren

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    316

    Cathodic disbondment resistance with reactive ethylene terpolymer blends and composite coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CD Propagation for RET-Nanoclay Composite Coatings on Silanefor RET/Nanoclay Composites …………………………………………………… Table 6.3:CD Propagation for RET-Nanoclay Composite Coatings on Silane

    Love, Corey T.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    317

    Simplification of Diesel Emission Control System Packaging Using SCR Coated on DPF  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Study demonstrates high NOx conversion with SCR coated on DPF. Optimization of catalyst washcoat and coating process minimizes back-pressure while maintaining good performance.

    318

    Influence of ultraviolet light irradiation on corrosion behavior of weathering steel with and without TiO2-coating in 3 mass% NaCl solution  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    In this study the influence of ultraviolet (UV) light on the corrosion behavior of weathering steel with and without TiO2 coating has been investigated in 3% NaCl solution, using anodic polarization, dipping and dropping tests. In polarization tests a large negative shift of corrosion potential appeared for the TiO2-coated specimen in UV light. The weight loss of the steels with and without TiO2 film increased under UV light in the dipping test, while they decreased in the dropping test. The rust formed on the weathering steel showed a semiconductor like behavior, similar to that shown by TiO2 film.

    Manal G. Mahmoud; Rongguang Wang; Masahiko Kato; Keijiro Nakasa

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    319

    Research: A typical thermal barrier coating consists of two layers over the substrate: 1) a ceramic top coat to  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research: A typical thermal barrier coating consists of two layers over the substrate: 1) a ceramic-level understanding of the metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic interfaces present in thermal barrier coatings. We have interfaces weaken as the ceramic thickens. This provides atomic-level insight as to why thermal barrier

    Carter, Emily A.

    320

    Title: Improving Jet Engine Turbine Thermal Barrier Coatings via Reactive Element Addition to the Bond Coat Alloy  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Improving Jet Engine Turbine Thermal Barrier Coatings via Reactive Element Addition engine turbine blades can shield the temperature to which the underlying superalloy is exposed modifications that should inhibit the failure of these jet engine turbine thermal barrier coatings. Research

    Carter, Emily A.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    321

    Scanning electron microscopic study of laser-induced morphologic changes of a coated enamel surface  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A low-energy Nd:YAG laser was used to irradiate extracted human teeth coated with a black energy-absorbent laser initiator in a study to determine the extent of the morphologic changes produced in the enamel surface. The laser initiator was applied to a cleaned enamel surface and irradiated at an energy output of 30 mJ or 75 mJ. Both energy levels produced morphologic changes of the surface. There was a sharp line of demarcation between the coated, irradiated area and the surrounding noncoated enamel surface. The scanning electron microscope view at the lower energy level showed that the surface had melted and reformed with numerous small, bubble-like inclusions. The 75 mJ energy level showed individual impact craters with shallow centers and raised edges containing numerous pores and large, bubble-like inclusions. Etching is a dental procedure in which an acid is normally used to remove a thin outer layer of the tooth structure. This is necessary to create a roughened, irregular surface in order to provide mechanical retention for dental restorative materials. The changes produced by the laser in this study suggest a simple, effective, and controlled method of etching the enamel surface of a tooth by altering its surface characteristics.

    Hess, J.A. (Univ. of Detroit School of Dentistry, MI (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    322

    THE VELA PULSAR AND ITS LIKELY COUNTER-JET IN THE K{sub s} BAND  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We report the first high spatial resolution near-infrared (near-IR) imaging of the Vela pulsar in the K{sub s} band obtained with the new adaptive optics system recently mounted on the Gemini-South telescope. For the first time, we have firmly detected the pulsar in this band with K{sub s} ? 21.8 mag, and have resolved in detail an extended feature barely detected previously in the immediate vicinity of the pulsar in the J{sub s}H bands. The pulsar K{sub s} flux is fully consistent with the extension of the flat optical spectrum of the pulsar toward the IR and does not confirm the strong IR flux excess in the pulsar emission suggested earlier by the low spatial resolution data. The extended feature is about two times brighter than the pulsar and is likely associated with its X-ray counter-jet. It extends ?2'' southward of the pulsar along the X-ray counter-jet and shows knot-like structures and a red spectrum.

    Zyuzin, D.; Shibanov, Yu.; Danilenko, A. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Mennickent, R. E. [Department of Astronomy, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Zharikov, S. [Observatorio Astronómico Nacional SPM, Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM, Ensenada, BC (Mexico)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    323

    Thermal barrier coatings for turbine components  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A turbine component, such as a turbine blade having a metal substrate (22) is coated with a metal MCrAlY alloy layer (24) and then a thermal barrier layer (20) selected from LaAlO.sub.3, NdAlO.sub.3, La.sub.2 Hf.sub.2 O.sub.7, Dy.sub.3 Al.sub.5 O.sub.12, HO.sub.3 Al.sub.3 O.sub.12, ErAlO.sub.3, GdAlO.sub.3, Yb.sub.2 Ti.sub.2 O.sub.7, LaYbO.sub.3, Gd.sub.2 Hf.sub.2 O.sub.7 or Y.sub.3 Al.sub.5 O.sub.12.

    Subramanian, Ramesh (Oviedo, FL); Sabol, Stephen M. (Orlando, FL); Goedjen, John G. (Oviedo, FL); Sloan, Kelly M. (Bethesda, MD); Vance, Steven J. (Orlando, FL)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    324

    Conformal coating of highly structured surfaces  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Method of applying a conformal coating to a highly structured substrate and devices made by the disclosed methods are disclosed. An example method includes the deposition of a substantially contiguous layer of a material upon a highly structured surface within a deposition process chamber. The highly structured surface may be associated with a substrate or another layer deposited on a substrate. The method includes depositing a material having an amorphous structure on the highly structured surface at a deposition pressure of equal to or less than about 3 mTorr. The method may also include removing a portion of the amorphous material deposited on selected surfaces and depositing additional amorphous material on the highly structured surface.

    Ginley, David S.; Perkins, John; Berry, Joseph; Gennett, Thomas

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    325

    Current status and future development of coated fuel particles for high temperature gas-cooled reactors  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The coated particles were first invented by Roy Huddle in Harwell 1957. Through five decades of development, the German UO2 coated particle and US LEU UCO coated particle represent the highly successful coated particle designs up to now. In this paper, current status as well as the failure mechanisms of coated particle so far is reviewed and discussed. The challenges associated with high temperatures for coated particles applied in future VHTR are evaluated. And future development prospects of advanced coated particle suited for higher temperatures are presented. According to the past coated fuel particle development experience, it is unwise to make multiple simultaneous changes in the coated particle design. Two advanced designs which are modifications of standard German UO2 coated particle (UO2? herein) and US UCO coated particle (TRIZO) are promising and feasible under the world-wide cooperations and efforts.

    X.W. Zhou; C.H. Tang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    326

    Assessment of strippable coatings for decontamination and decommissioning  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strippable or temporary coatings were developed to assist in the decontamination of the Three Mile Island (TMI-2) reactor. These coatings have become a viable option during the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of both US Department of Energy (DOE) and commercial nuclear facilities to remove or fix loose contamination on both vertical and horizontal surfaces. A variety of strippable coatings are available to D and D professionals. However, these products exhibit a wide range of performance criteria and uses. The Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU) was commissioned to perform a 2-year investigation into strippable coatings. This investigation was divided into four parts: (1) identification of commercially available strippable coating products; (2) survey of D and D professionals to determine current uses of these coatings and performance criteria; (3) design and implementation of a non-radiological testing program to evaluate the physical properties of these coatings; and (4) design and implementation of a radiological testing program to determine decontamination factors and effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. Activities during fiscal year 1997 are described.

    Ebadian, M.A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    327

    Proceedings of the 1987 coatings for advanced heat engines workshop  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This Workshop was conducted to enhance communication among those involved in coating development for improved heat engine performance and durability. We were fortunate to have Bill Goward review the steady progress and problems encountered along the way in the use of thermal barrier coatings (TBC) in aircraft gas turbine engines. Navy contractors discussed their work toward the elusive goal of qualifying TBC for turbine airfoil applications. In the diesel community, Caterpillar and Cummins are developing TBC for combustion chamber components as part of the low heat rejection diesel engine concept. The diesel engine TBC work is based on gas turbine technology with a goal of more than twice the thickness used on gas turbine engine components. Adoption of TBC in production for diesel engines could justify a new generation of plasma spray coating equipment. Increasing interests in tribology were evident in this Workshop. Coatings have a significant role in reducing friction and wear under greater mechanical loadings at higher temperatures. The emergence of a high temperature synthetic lubricant could have an enormous impact on diesel engine design and operating conditions. The proven coating processes such as plasma spray, electron-beam physical vapor deposition, sputtering, and chemical vapor deposition have shown enhanced capabilities, particularly with microprocessor controls. Also, the newer coating schemes such as ion implantation and cathodic arc are demonstrating intriguing potential for engine applications. Coatings will play an expanding role in higher efficiency, more durable heat engines.

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    328

    Ultraviolet antireflection coatings for use in silicon detector design  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We report on the development of coatings for a charged-coupled device (CCD) detector optimized for use in a fixed dispersion UV spectrograph. Because of the rapidly changing index of refraction of Si, single layer broadband antireflection (AR) coatings are not suitable to increase quantum efficiency at all wavelengths of interest. Instead, we describe a creative solution that provides excellent performance over UV wavelengths. We describe progress in the development of a coated CCD detector with theoretical quantum efficiencies (QEs) of greater than 60% at wavelengths from 120 to 300 nm. This high efficiency may be reached by coating a backside-illuminated, thinned, delta-doped CCD with a series of thin film AR coatings. The materials tested include MgF{sub 2} (optimized for highest performance from 120-150 nm), SiO{sub 2} (150-180 nm), Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (180-240 nm), MgO (200-250 nm), and HfO{sub 2} (240-300 nm). A variety of deposition techniques were tested and a selection of coatings that minimized reflectance on a Si test wafer were applied to functional devices. We also discuss future uses and improvements, including graded and multilayer coatings.

    Hamden, Erika T.; Greer, Frank; Hoenk, Michael E.; Blacksberg, Jordana; Dickie, Matthew R.; Nikzad, Shouleh; Martin, D. Christopher; Schiminovich, David

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    329

    Interdiffusion Behavior of Aluminide Coatings on Fe-Base Alloys  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    One of the potential degradation modes of oxidation-resistant iron aluminide coatings is the loss of Al from the coatings into Fe-base substrate alloys that typically contain no Al. To address this issue, interdiffusion between aluminide coatings and steel substrates was studied for times up to 10,000 h in the temperature range of 500-800 C. Coatings were synthesized in a laboratory chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor on representative commercial ferritic alloy Fe-9Cr-1Mo and type 304L austenitic stainless steel. The microstructural and compositional changes after diffusion anneals were examined in detail. An initial attempt to model the interdiffusion behavior was carried out by applying an existing software program COSIM (coating oxidation and substrate interdiffusion model). Complementary work was conducted using a simple mathematic model developed by Heckel et al. Reasonable agreement was observed between the simulated and experimental composition profiles for the aluminide coatings on ferritic alloys. Model results were then applied to predict coating lifetime.

    Zhang, Ying [Tennessee Technological University; Liu, A. P. [Tennessee Technological University; Pint, Bruce A [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    330

    PDGF-mediated protection of SH-SY5Y cells against Tat toxin involves regulation of extracellular glutamate and intracellular calcium  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) protein Tat has been implicated in mediating neuronal apoptosis, one of the hallmark features of HIV-associated dementia (HAD). Mitigation of the toxic effects of Tat could thus be a potential mechanism for reducing HIV toxicity in the brain. In this study we demonstrated that Tat-induced neurotoxicity was abolished by NMDA antagonist-MK801, suggesting the role of glutamate in this process. Furthermore, we also found that pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with PDGF exerted protection against Tat toxicity by decreasing extracellular glutamate levels. We also demonstrated that extracellular calcium chelator EGTA was able to abolish PDGF-mediated neuroprotection, thereby underscoring the role of calcium signaling in PDGF-mediated neuroprotection. We also showed that Erk signaling pathway was critical for PDGF-mediated protection of cells. Additionally, blocking calcium entry with EGTA resulted in suppression of PDGF-induced Erk activation. These findings thus underscore the role of PDGF-mediated calcium signaling and Erk phosphorylation in the protection of cells against HIV Tat toxicity.

    Zhu Xuhui [Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 5000 Wahl Hall East, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Department of Laboratory Medicine, Tongji Hospital and Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Yao Honghong; Peng Fuwang; Callen, Shannon [Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 5000 Wahl Hall East, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Buch, Shilpa [Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 5000 Wahl Hall East, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States)], E-mail: sbuch@kumc.edu

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    331

    Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 1: Pre-coating monitoring and fresh coating results  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. The partnership of these interests is secured through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA), in this case between Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation, the manager of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and ThermShield International, Ltd., the manufacturer of the technology. This is the first volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. This volume describes the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. By including results from roofs at Tyndall AFB and from an outdoor test facility at the BTC, the data cover the range from poorly insulated to well-insulated roofs and two kinds of radiation control coatings on various roof membranes.

    Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    332

    Sealed glass coating of high temperature ceramic superconductors  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method and article of manufacture of a lead oxide based glass coating on a high temperature superconductor is disclosed. The method includes preparing a dispersion of glass powders in a solution, applying the dispersion to the superconductor, drying the dispersion before applying another coating and heating the glass powder dispersion at temperatures below oxygen diffusion onset and above the glass melting point to form a continuous glass coating on the superconductor to establish compressive stresses which enhance the fracture strength of the superconductor. 8 figs.

    Wu, W.; Chu, C.Y.; Goretta, K.C.; Routbort, J.L.

    1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    333

    Installation and commissioning of a large area coating system for neutron and X-ray optical devices  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A 9 meter long DC/RF sputtering cylindrical coating system which is designed and built indigenously for coating of neutron supermirrors and grazing incidence hard X-ray mirrors on large area substrates has been installed and commissioned recently. The performance of the system has been tested by depositing Ti films on glass substrate of 1500mm X 150mm size. By depositing Ti films on several small area c-Si substrates placed over the length and breadth of the substrate holder, and by subsequent characterization by GIXR measurement, it has been observed that films with bulk-like density and very low surface roughness can be obtained in the above system. The thickness uniformity achieved in the deposited films is within ±3.5% over the 1500mm length and within ±4.8% over the 150mm width.

    Biswas, A., E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Haque, Sk. Maidul, E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Misal, J., E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Sampathkumar, R.; Ajaykumar,; Bhattacharyya, D.; Sahoo, N. K. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India); Lagoo, K. D.; Veerapur, R. D.; Padmanabhan, M.; Puri, R. K. [Division of Remote Handling and Robotics, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India); Bhattacharya, Debarati [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    334

    Development of Sol–Gel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Development of Sol–Gel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy ... ‡ Energy

    Qitao Fu; Xinghua Wu; Divya Kumar; Jeffrey W. C. Ho; Pushkar D. Kanhere; Narasimalu Srikanth; Erjia Liu; Peter Wilson; Zhong Chen

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    335

    Efficient 3D characterization of raised topological defects in smooth specular coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Many smooth, highly specular coatings, such as automotive paints and appliance coatings, are subjected to considerable performance demands and manufacturers spend significant sums each year to monitor and repair coating surface quality. Additionally, ... Keywords: Camera calibration, Defect characterization, Surface quality of specular coatings, Surface reflectance model

    Pradeep Gnanaprakasam; Johné M. Parker; Subburengan Ganapathiraman; Zhen Hou

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    336

    Genetically engineered phage fibers and coatings for antibacterial applications  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multifunctionality can be imparted to protein-based fibers and coatings via either synthetic or biological approaches. Here, we demonstrate potent antimicrobial functionality of genetically engineered, phage-based fibers ...

    Mao, Joan Y

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    337

    A method of fabricating coated splices for oilfield applications  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A method is needed to make a critical splice for a downhole tool in the petroleum industry. The goal is to connect two wires, cover the connection with a protective coating, and then assess the integrity of the finished ...

    Killian, Lauren A. (Lauren Ashley), 1981-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    338

    Global optimization of silicon photovoltaic cell front coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The front-coating (FC) of a solar cell controls its efficiency, determining admission of light into the absorbing material and potentially trapping light to enhance thin absorbers. Single-layer FC designs are well known, ...

    Ghebrebrhan, Michael

    339

    A Generic Approach to Coat Carbon Nanotubes With Nanoparticles  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Generic Approach to Coat Carbon Nanotubes With Nanoparticles for Potential Energy Applications vari- ous nanoparticles onto multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Charged and nonagglomerated aerosol unique hybrid nanostructures at- tractive for various energy applications. DOI: 10

    Chen, Junhong

    340

    Impact of graphene coating on the atom-plate interaction  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using the recently proposed quantum electrodynamical formalism, we calculate the Casimir-Polder free energies and forces between the ground state atoms of Rb, Na, Cs and He${}^{\\ast}$ and the plates made of Au, Si, sapphire and fused silica coated with a graphene sheet. It is shown that the graphene coating has no effect on the Casimir-Polder interaction for metallic plates, but influences significantly for plates made of dielectric materials. The influence of graphene coating increases with decreasing static dielectric permittivity of the plate material and the characteristic frequency of an atomic dynamic polarizability. Simple analytic expressions for the classical limit of the Casimir-Polder free energy and force between an atom and a graphene-coated plate are obtained. From the comparison with the results of numerical computations, the application region of these expressions is determined.

    G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    341

    Micro-arc oxidation coatings on Mg-Li alloys  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) method was used for the...in-situ fabricated on the Mg-Li alloy. The morphology feature, phase composition, and corrosion-resistance of the formed ceramic coatings were studied by SEM, X...

    Yongjun Xu; Kang Li; Zhongping Yao; Zhaohua Jiang; Milin Zhang

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    342

    Bacillus atrophaeus Outer Spore Coat Assembly and Ultrastructure  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Our previous atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies successfully visualized native Bacillus atrophaeus spore coat ultrastructure and surface morphology. We have shown that the outer spore coat surface is formed by a crystalline array of {approx}11 nm thick rodlets, having a periodicity of {approx}8 nm. We present here further AFM ultrastructural investigations of air-dried and fully hydrated spore surface architecture. In the rodlet layer, planar and point defects, as well as domain boundaries, similar to those described for inorganic and macromolecular crystals, were identified. For several Bacillus species, rodlet structure assembly and architectural variation appear to be a consequence of species-specific nucleation and crystallization mechanisms that regulate the formation of the outer spore coat. We propose a unifying mechanism for nucleation and self-assembly of this crystalline layer on the outer spore coat surface.

    Plomp, M; Leighton, T J; Wheeler, K E; Pitesky, M E; Malkin, A J

    2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    343

    Oxidation resistance of composite silicide coatings on niobium  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This paper reports the oxidation of NbSi/sub 2/-MoSi/sub 2/ composite silicide coatings produced by diffusive siliconizing of molybdenum films on a niobium surface. Molybdenum-coated niobium was siliconized and an x-ray microspectral analysis of the composite silicide coating showed the phase composition to be an ca 80-um-thick outer molybdenum disilicide film with a characteristic coarsely crystalline columnar structure, and inner ca 20-um film of niobium disilicide consisting of the tiny columnar crystals, and a substrate/coating interface comprising a thin, 2-3 um film of lower silicide, i.e., Nb/sub 5/Si/sub 3/. The average grain sizes, unit cell parameters, and x-ray determined densities of the Mo films obtained by various methods are shown.

    Gloshko, P.I.; Kurtsev, N.F.; Lisichenko, V.I.; Nadtoka, V.N.; Petrenko, M.I.; Zmii, V.I.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    344

    High-Temperature Solar Selective Coating Development for Power...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at T>500 C. (NREL) * Annealing studies of Ti:Si films undertaken. 36:64 composition film stable up to T 1150 C. * Levelized cost of coating (LCOC) was calculated from...

    345

    Formation and study of electrospark coatings based on titanium aluminides  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Coatings containing Ti-Al intermetallics are fabricated by the electrospark deposition of titanium on aluminum and aluminum on...3 intermetallic independent of the duration and frequency of discharge pulses. The ...

    S. A. Pyachin; A. A. Burkov; V. S. Komarova

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    346

    Wear-Resistant Coatings with Engineered Structure by Laser Cladding  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Several types of wear-resistant and/or low-friction coefficient coatings with engineered structure (e.g., metal matrix composites, MMC) have been produced by coaxial laser cladding. The MoS2 graded layer is creat...

    A. Yakovlev; P. Bertrand; I. Smurov

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    347

    Protective coating for alumina-silicon carbide whisker composites  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ceramic composites formed of an alumina matrix reinforced with silicon carbide whiskers homogenously dispersed therein are provided with a protective coating for preventing fracture strength degradation of the composite by oxidation during exposure to high temperatures in oxygen-containing atmospheres. The coating prevents oxidation of the silicon carbide whiskers within the matrix by sealing off the exterior of the matrix so as to prevent oxygen transport into the interior of the matrix. The coating is formed of mullite or mullite plus silicon oxide and alumina and is formed in place by heating the composite in air to a temperature greater than 1200.degree. C. This coating is less than about 100 microns thick and adequately protects the underlying composite from fracture strength degradation due to oxidation.

    Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    348

    Edible Coating Development for Fresh-cut Cantaloupe  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The effect of different coating compositions and their concentrations on a product's chemical properties and quality attributes was studied. A set of solutions containing chitosan, beta-cyclodextrin, trans-cinnamaldehyde, pectin and calcium chloride were used...

    Martinon Gaspar, Mauricio

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    349

    Carbon Hard Coatings of Al-Alloys for UHV Application  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The investigations were focused on properties of Me-C:H coatings (where Me — Ti, Cr, W) produced by Reactive Magnetron Sputtering (RMS) and Cathodic Arc Plasma Deposition (CAPD) methods on aluminium alloys substr...

    W. Precht; A. Czyzniewski; P. My?li?ski…

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    350

    Bond strength and stress measurements in thermal barrier coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thermal barrier coatings have been used extensively in aircraft gas turbines for more than 15 years to insulate combustors and turbine vanes from the hot gas stream. Plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) provide metal temperature reductions as much as 300{degrees}F, with improvements in durability of two times or more being achieved. The introduction of TBCs deposited by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) processes in the last five years has provided a major improvement in durability and also enabled TBCs to be applied to turbine blades for improved engine performance. This program evaluates the bond strength of yttria stabilized zirconia coatings with MCrAlY and Pt-Al bond coats utilizing diffraction and fluorescence methods.

    Gell, M.; Jordan, E.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    351

    Use of refractory coatings on linings of electric resistance furnaces  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Results of experimental and theoretical studies of the reduction of power consumption in furnaces with a lining covered by IVAKS-2 and IVA-2 intensifying refractory coatings are presented. The heating curves o...

    A. V. Aksenov; V. A. Belyakov

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    352

    Sustainable Films and Coatings from Hemicelluloses: A Review  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Sustainable Films and Coatings from Hemicelluloses: A Review ... Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, P. O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark ... The integration of agro-energy crops and biorefinery manufg. ...

    Natanya M. L. Hansen; David Plackett

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    353

    Coated graphite articles useful in metallurgical processes and method for making same  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graphite articles including crucibles and molds used in metallurgical processes involving the melting and the handling of molten metals and alloys that are reactive with carbon when in a molten state and at process temperatures up to about 2000.degree. C. are provided with a multiple-layer coating for inhibiting carbon diffusion from the graphite into the molten metal or alloys. The coating is provided by a first coating increment of a carbide-forming metal on selected surfaces of the graphite, a second coating increment of a carbide forming metal and a refractory metal oxide, and a third coating increment of a refractory metal oxide. The second coating increment provides thermal shock absorbing characteristics to prevent delamination of the coating during temperature cycling. A wash coat of unstabilized zirconia or titanium nitride can be applied onto the third coating increment to facilitate release of melts from the coating.

    Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Bird, Eugene L. (Knoxville, TN)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    354

    Synthesis and electrochemical performances of amorphous carbon-coated Sn-Sb particles as anode material for lithium-ion batteries  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The amorphous carbon coating on the Sn-Sb particles was prepared from aqueous glucose solutions using a hydrothermal method. Because the outer layer carbon of composite materials is loose cotton-like and porous-like, it can accommodate the expansion and contraction of active materials to maintain the stability of the structure, and hinder effectively the aggregation of nano-sized alloy particles. The as-prepared composite materials show much improved electrochemical performances as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries compared with Sn-Sb alloy and carbon alone. This amorphous carbon-coated Sn-Sb particle is extremely promising anode materials for lithium secondary batteries and has a high potentiality in the future use. - Graphical abstract: The amorphous carbon coating on the Sn-Sb particles was prepared from aqueous glucose solutions using a hydrothermal method. Because the outer layer carbon of composite materials is loose cotton-like and porous-like, it can accommodate the expansion and contraction of active materials to maintain the stability of the structure, and hinder effectively the aggregation of nano-sized alloy particles.

    Wang Zhong [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metal, Beijing 100088 (China); Tian Wenhuai [Department of Materials Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Liu Xiaohe [Department of Inorganic Materials, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410083 (China); Yang Rong [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li Xingguo [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)], E-mail: xgli@pku.edu.cn

    2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    355

    Effectiveness of Cool Roof Coatings with Ceramic Particles  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liquid applied coatings promoted as cool roof coatings, including several with ceramic particles, were tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tenn., for the purpose of quantifying their thermal performances. Solar reflectance measurements were made for new samples and aged samples using a portable reflectometer (ASTM C1549, Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer) and for new samples using the integrating spheres method (ASTM E903, Standard Test Method for Solar Absorptance, Reflectance, and Transmittance of Materials Using Integrating Spheres). Thermal emittance was measured for the new samples using a portable emissometer (ASTM C1371, Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room 1 Proceedings of the 2011 International Roofing Symposium Temperature Using Portable Emissometers). Thermal conductivity of the coatings was measured using a FOX 304 heat flow meter (ASTM C518, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus). The surface properties of the cool roof coatings had higher solar reflectance than the reference black and white material, but there were no significant differences among coatings with and without ceramics. The coatings were applied to EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) membranes and installed on the Roof Thermal Research Apparatus (RTRA), an instrumented facility at ORNL for testing roofs. Roof temperatures and heat flux through the roof were obtained for a year of exposure in east Tennessee. The field tests showed significant reduction in cooling required compared with the black reference roof (~80 percent) and a modest reduction in cooling compared with the white reference roof (~33 percent). The coating material with the highest solar reflectivity (no ceramic particles) demonstrated the best overall thermal performance (combination of reducing the cooling load cost and not incurring a large heating penalty cost) and suggests solar reflectivity is the significant characteristic for selecting cool roof coatings.

    Brehob, Ellen G [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    356

    Development of insulating coatings for liquid metal blankets  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    It is shown that self-cooled liquid metal blankets are feasible only with electrically insulating coatings at the duct walls. The requirements on the insulation properties are estimated by simple analytical models. Candidate insulator materials are selected based on insulating properties and thermodynamic consideration. Different fabrication technologies for insulating coatings are described. The status of the knowledge on the most crucial feasibility issue, the degradation of the resisivity under irradiation, is reviewed.

    Malang, S.; Borgstedt, H.U. [Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany); Farnum, E.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Natesan, K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Vitkovski, I.V. [Efremov Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation). MHD-Machines Lab.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    357

    Durability of Metallic Interconnects and Protective Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    To build up a useful voltage, a number of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrically connected into series in a stack via interconnects, which are placed between adjacent cells. In addition to functioning as a bi-polar electrical connector, the interconnect also acts as a separator plate that separates the fuel at the anode side of one cell from the air at the cathode side on an adjacent cell. During SOFC operation at the high temperatures, the interconnects are thus simultaneously exposed to the oxidizing air at one side and a reducing fuel that can be either hydrogen or hydrocarbon at the other. Besides, they are in contact with adjacent components, such as electrodes or electrical contacts, seals, etc. With steady reduction in SOFC operating temperatures into the low or intermediate range 600-850oC, oxidation resistant alloys are often used to construct interconnects. However, the metallic interconnects may degrade via interactions at their interfaces with surrounding environments or adjacent components, potentially affecting the stability and performance of interconnects and the SOFC stacks. Thus protection layers are applied to metallic interconnects that also intend to mitigate or prevent chromium migration into cells and the cell poisoning. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of materials for metallic interconnects, their degradation and coating protection.

    Yang, Zhenguo; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    358

    SUMMARY ON TITANIUM NITRIDE COATING OF SNS RING VACUUM CHAMBERS.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The inner surfaces of the 248 m Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accumulator ring vacuum chambers are coated with {approx}100nm of titanium nitride (TiN) to reduce the secondary electron yield (SEY) of the chamber walls. There are approximately 135 chambers and kicker modules, some up to 5m in length and 36cm in diameter, coated with TiN. The coating is deposited by means of reactive DC magnetron sputtering -using a - cylindrical cathode with internal permanent magnets. This cathode configuration generates a deposition-rate sufficient to meet the required production schedule and produces stoichiometric films with good adhesion, low SEY and acceptable outgassing. Moreover, the cathode magnet configuration allows for simple changes in length and has been adapted to coat the wide variety of chambers and components contained within the arcs, injection, extraction, collimation and RF straight sections. Chamber types and quantities as well as the cathode configurations are presented herein. The unique coating requirements of the injection kicker ceramic chambers and the extraction kicker ferrite surface will be emphasized. A brief summary of the salient coating properties is given including the interdependence of SEY as a function of surface roughness and its effect on outgassing.

    TODD, R.; HE, P.; HSEUH, H.C.; WEISS, D.

    2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    359

    Process for producing a corrosion-resistant solid lubricant coating  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A corrosion-resistant surface formed of a sulfide-forming metal, in particular nickel, is first subjected to an electric plasma in an atmosphere containing hydrogen sulfide to form an adherent sulfide on said surface. The sulfided surface is then exposed to simultaneous cathodic sputtering of at least one solid lubricant which is a chalcogen compound of layer structure, in particular MoS/sub 2/, and at least one hydrophobic solid polymer, in particular PTFE. The coating thus formed is a composite coating in which the particles of the chalcogen compound are coated by the polymer. When the surface of the part to be coated does not consist of a corrosion-resistant sulfide-forming metal, a layer of such a metal is first deposited by cathodic sputtering. The composite coating withstands a wet oxidizing atmosphere, contrary to a coating of MoS/sub 2/ alone, and the method is applicable to any mechanical part intended to rub on other surfaces, such as a watch balance wheel staff and ball or roller bearings.

    Niederhaeuser, P.; Hintermann, H.E.; Maillat, M.

    1983-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    360

    Abrasion resistant coating and method of making the same  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    An abrasion resistant coating is created by adding a ductile phase to a brittle matrix phase during spray coating where an Al--Cu--Fe quasicrystalline phase (brittle matrix) and an FeAl intermetallic (ductile phase) are combined. This composite coating produces a coating mostly of quasicrystal phase and an inter-splat layer of the FeAl phase to help reduce porosity and cracking within the coating. Coatings are prepared by plasma spraying unblended and blended quasicrystal and intermetallic powders. The blended powders contain 1, 5, 10 and 20 volume percent of the intermetallic powders. The unblended powders are either 100 volume percent quasicrystalline or 100 volume percent intermetallic; these unblended powders were studied for comparison to the others. Sufficient ductile phase should be added to the brittle matrix to transform abrasive wear mode from brittle fracture to plastic deformation, while at the same time the hardness of the composite should not be reduced below that of the original brittle phase material.

    Sordelet, Daniel J. (Ames, IA); Besser, Matthew F. (Urbandale, IA)

    2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    361

    Apparatus for depositing hard coating in a nozzle orifice  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention is directed to a process for coating the interior surfaces of an orifice in a substrate that forms a slurry fuel injection nozzle. In a specific embodiment, the nozzle is part of a fuel injection system for metering a coal-water slurry into a large, medium-speed, multi-cylinder diesel engine. In order to retard erosion of the orifice, the substrate is placed in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reaction chamber. A reaction gas is passed into the chamber at a gas temperature below its reaction temperature and is directed through the orifice in the substrate. The gas reaction temperature is a temperature at and above which the reaction gas deposits as a coating, and the reaction gas is of a composition whereby improved resistance to erosion by flow of the particulates in the slurry fuel is imparted by the deposited coating. Only the portion of the substrate in proximity to the orifice to be coated is selectively heated to at least the gas reaction temperature for effecting coating of the orifice's interior surfaces by the vapor deposited coating formed from the reaction gas.

    Flynn, Paul L. (Fairview, PA); Giammarise, Anthony W. (Erie, PA)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    362

    Apparatus for depositing hard coating in a nozzle orifice  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention is directed to a process for coating the interior surfaces of an orifice in a substrate that forms a slurry fuel injection nozzle. In a specific embodiment, the nozzle is part of a fuel injection system for metering a coal-water slurry into a large, medium-speed, multi-cylinder diesel engine. In order to retard erosion of the orifice, the substrate is placed in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reaction chamber. A reaction gas is passed into the chamber at a gas temperature below its reaction temperature and is directed through the orifice in the substrate. The gas reaction temperature is a temperature at and above which the reaction gas deposits as a coating, and the reaction gas is of a composition whereby improved resistance to erosion by flow of the particulates in the slurry fuel is imparted by the deposited coating. Only the portion of the substrate in proximity to the orifice to be coated is selectively heated to at least the gas reaction temperature for effecting coating of the orifice`s interior surfaces by the vapor deposited coating formed from the reaction gas. 2 figs.

    Flynn, P.L.; Giammarise, A.W.

    1995-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    363

    Process for depositing hard coating in a nozzle orifice  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention is directed to a process for coating the interior surfaces of an orifice in a substrate that forms a slurry fuel injection nozzle. In a specific embodiment, the nozzle is part of a fuel injection system for metering a coal-water slurry into a large, medium-speed, multi-cylinder diesel engine. In order to retard erosion of the orifice, the substrate is placed in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reaction chamber. A reaction gas is passed into the chamber at a gas temperature below its reaction temperature and is directed through the orifice in the substrate. The gas reaction temperature is a temperature at and above which the reaction gas deposits as a coating, and the reaction gas is of a composition whereby improved resistance toerosion by flow of the particulates in the slurry fuel is imparted by the deposited coating. Only the portion of the substrate in proximity to the orifice to be coated is selectively heated to at least the gas reaction temperature for effecting coating of the orifice's interior surfaces by the vapor deposited coating formed from the reaction gas.

    Flynn, Paul L. (5139 Fox Park Dr., Fairview, PA 16415); Giammarise, Anthony W. (527 Lincoln Ave., Erie, PA 16505)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    364

    Experiments and modeling of multilayered coatings and membranes : application to thermal barrier coatings and reverse osmosis membranes  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this thesis, I developed a novel methodology for characterizing interfacial delamination of thermal barrier coatings. The proposed methodology involves novel experiments-plus numerical simulations in order to determine ...

    Luk-Cyr, Jacques

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    365

    Investigation of wear resistance and lifetime of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated glass disk in flying height measurement process  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Flying height has been greatly reduced to less ... -density magnetic storage. This leads to significant disk wear especially, glass disks used in flying height measurement process. This paper reports the ... the ...

    Korakoch Phetdee; Alongkorn Pimpin; Werayut Srituravanich

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    366

    Preparation of carbon coated MoS2 flower-like nanostructure with self-assembled nanosheets as  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    candidate as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. 1. Introduction Battery energy storage-performance lithium-ion battery anodes Shan Hu,ab Wen Chen,*a Jing Zhou,a Fei Yin,c Evan Uchaker,b Qifeng Zhangb as high as 672 mA h gÃ?1 at 10 A gÃ?1 with nearly 100% coulombic efficiency. The good electrochemical

    Cao, Guozhong

    367

    Determination of the recombination efficiency of thermal control coatings for hypersonic vehicles  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A method is presented for determining the recombination efficiency of coatings for hypersonic vehicle applications. The approach uses experimental results from arc-jet tests with an analysis to determine the efficiency for the recombination of atomic species present in the boundary layer. The analysis employs analytical solutions to the laminar boundary-layer heat-transfer equations with experimental heating-rate, temperature, and pressure measurements. The authors discuss experimental difficulties in achieving reliable materials-performance data. The utility of the method is that it provides a rapid and efficient tool for use in qualitative screening and development of materials. The effects of second-order heat-transfer terms may be as high as 50% for low-catalysis surfaces. With the second-order terms included, the maximum uncertainty in recombination-efficiency data for low-catalysis surfaces is 45%. The discussions are based on experimental data and calculations for arc-jet tests of the titanium alloy Ti-14Al-21Nb with a borosilicate-like glass coating that has a recombination efficiency of about 0.006 to 0.01. 20 refs.

    Clark, R.K.; Cunnington, G.R. Jr.; Wiedemann, K.E. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    368

    On Infinite EPR-like Correlations  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The paper investigates, in the framework of branching space-times, whether an infinite EPR-like correlation which does not involve finite EPR-like correlations is possible.

    Leszek Wro?ski; Tomasz Placek

    2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    369

    Residual stress analysis of multilayer environmental barrier coatings.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silicon-based ceramics (SiC, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) are promising materials systems for high-temperature structural applications in gas turbine engines. However, the silica layer that forms on these materials is susceptible to attack from water vapor present in combustion environments. To protect against this degradation, environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) have been developed to shield the underlying substrate and prevent degradation. Here we report on elastic and thermal properties, as well as internal stresses of candidate multilayer coatings, as measured in situ using microfocused high-energy X-rays in a transmission diffraction geometry. Doped aluminosilicate coatings were investigated for their stability on a SiC/SiC melt-infiltrated substrate. The coatings consisted of a Ba{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}Al{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 8} topcoat with a mullite or mullite+SrAl{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 8} interlayer, and a silicon bond coat. A numerical model was used to compare the stress results with an ideal coating system. Experiments were carried out on as-sprayed and heat-treated samples in order to analyze the strain and phase evolution as a function of multilayer depth and temperature. The phase transformation of the topcoat promoted healing of cracks in the EBC and reduced stresses in the underlying layers and the addition of SAS to the interlayer reduced stresses in thermally cycled coatings, but did not stop cracks from forming.

    Harder, B.; Almer, J.; Weyant, C.; Lee, K.; Faber, K.; Northwestern Univ.; Rolls-Royce Corp.

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    370

    Radiation from a source embedded in a two?layer coating of a spherical shell  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Analysis of the acoustic field generated by a small source embedded in a viscoelastic layer encapsulating a spherical shell gives rise to several analytical difficulties not encountered in the classical problem of a point source in the surface of a rigid sphere. The present investigation addresses a double layer configuration in which the layer closest to the shell is acoustically soft whereas the outer layer in which the source is embedded has an impedance that matches that of the surrounding fluid water. The analysis is carried out by treating the layers as dissipative fluids while classical Love theory describes the interior shell. The analysis employs spherical harmonic expansions for each medium which is known as Mie series analysis in related studies of electromagneticscattering from coated series. Like the electromagnetic problem computational difficulties associated with the occurrence of spherical Bessel functions of complex argument arise but the remedies used there require modification.

    Jerry H. Ginsberg

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    371

    NANOSCALE BOEHMITE FILLER FOR CORROSION AND WEAR RESISTANT POLYPHENYLENESULFIDE COATINGS.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The authors evaluated the usefulness of nanoscale boehmite crystals as a filler for anti-wear and anti-corrosion polyphenylenesulfide (PPS) coatings exposed to a very harsh, 300 C corrosive geothermal environment. The boehmite fillers dispersed uniformly into the PPS coating, conferring two advanced properties: First, they reduced markedly the rate of blasting wear; second, they increased the PPS's glass transition temperature and thermal decomposition temperature. The wear rate of PPS surfaces was reduced three times when 5wt% boehmite was incorporated into the PPS. During exposure for 15 days at 300 C, the PPS underwent hydrothermal oxidation, leading to the substitution of sulfide linkages by the sulfite linkages. However, such molecular alteration did not significantly diminish the ability of the coating to protect carbon steel against corrosion. In fact, PPS coating filled with boehmite of {le} 5wt% adequately mitigated its corrosion in brine at 300 C. One concern in using this filler was that it absorbs brine. Thus, adding an excess amount of boehmite was detrimental to achieving the maximum protection afforded by the coatings.

    SUGAMA,T.

    2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    372

    Modelling and simulation of nutrient dispersion from coated fertilizer granules  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The usage of Controlled-Release Fertilizer (CRF) is essential in plants and crops to fulfill the need and requirement for the modern agriculture which now feeds 6 billion people. Therefore modeling and simulation of nutrient release from coated fertilizer has become the best method to study the behavior of some parameters toward water saturation in and nutrient release from the coated-fertilizer granule. This paper is the improvement development of modeling and computer simulation by Basu [1] which include some of the factors affecting the water saturation time and nutrient release time from a coated-fertilizer. The effect of granule radius the diffusivity of water and nutrient the temperature of surrounding the contact areas and the characteristic of the coating are studied and the simulation was developed using MATLAB software. The studies and understanding of this project is very important and useful especially to determine the important parameters in the manufacturing process of the coated-fertilizer granule and also will be useful for the farmers/users in the selection of the best fertilizers for their crops.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    373

    Dynamics, crystallization and structures in colloid spin coating  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spin coating is an out-of-equilibrium technique for producing polymer films and colloidal crystals quickly and reproducibly. In this review, we present an overview of theoretical and experimental studies of the spin coating of colloidal suspensions. The dynamics of the spin coating process is discussed first, and we present insights from both theory and experiment. A key difference between spin coating with polymer solutions and with monodisperse colloidal suspensions is the emergence of long range (centimeter scale) orientational correlations in the latter. We discuss experiments in different physical regimes that shed light on the many unusual partially-ordered structures that have long-range orientational order, but no long-range translational order. The nature of these structures can be tailored by adding electric or magnetic fields during the spin coating procedure. These partially-ordered structures can be considered as model systems for studying the fundamentals of poorly crystalline and defect-rich solids, and they can also serve as templates for patterned and/or porous optical and magnetic materials.

    Moorthi Pichumani; Payam Bagheri; Kristin M. Poduska; Wenceslao Gonzalez-Vinas; Anand Yethiraj

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    374

    15 - Processing of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides (Coatings)  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Publisher Summary This chapter reviews the coating processes of refractory carbides and nitrides. Coatings of refractory carbides and nitrides have great industrial importance with a wide range of applications in semiconductors and other electronic components, in cutting tools, gas-turbine vanes and blades, precision bearings, punch sets, extruders, prostheses, and many other products. The surface of a material may be exposed to wear, corrosion, radiation, electrical or magnetic fields, and other phenomena and hence, it must have the ability to withstand these environments. This can be accomplished by coating the base material to obtain a composite in which the surface properties may be considerably different from those of the substrate. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) belong to the class of vapor-transfer processes, which are atomistic in nature—that is, the deposition species are atoms or molecules or a combination of these. The coatings are also commonly known as thin-films when their thickness is less than 10 ?m. CVD is a versatile process that is well adapted to the production of all the refractory carbides and nitrides, not only as coatings but also as powders, bulk/monolithic components, and fibers. It may be defined as the deposition of a solid on a heated surface from a chemical reaction in the vapor phase.

    Hugh O. Pierson

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    375

    Oxidation resistant coatings for CoSb3  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Doped cobalt antimonides are used as components of thermoelectric devices at temperatures not exceeding 450 °C because of poor thermal and chemical stability. In absence of oxygen they degrade by sublimation of antimony while in air they easily oxidize to form volatile antimony oxides and non-volatile thick double oxide scales [1]. In both cases protective coatings are indispensable to ensure safe performance of thermoelectric devices over extended times. The most promising solution reported so far is a thick aerogel coating which practically stops antimony loss by sublimation. The assessment of coating effectiveness is generally based on thermogravimetric tests in vacuum so permeability of oxygen and protection from oxidation cannot be evaluated. The paper presents investigations on the development of protective coatings which would prevent oxidation of CoSb3. Two types of coatings were applied: magnetron sputtered Cr-Si thin layers [2] and thick enamel layers. Testing involved interrupted oxidation in air for 20-80 h at 500 °C and 600 °C. The Cr-Si thin layers appeared oxygen-tight at 500 °C while the enamel layers - even at 600 °C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    376

    Calcium orthophosphate coatings on magnesium and its biodegradable alloys  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Biodegradable metals have been suggested as revolutionary biomaterials for bone-grafting therapies. Of these metals, magnesium (Mg) and its biodegradable alloys appear to be particularly attractive candidates due to their non-toxicity and as their mechanical properties match those of bones better than other metals do. Being light, biocompatible and biodegradable, Mg-based metallic implants have several advantages over other implantable metals currently in use, such as eliminating both the effects of stress shielding and the requirement of a second surgery for implant removal. Unfortunately, the fast degradation rates of Mg and its biodegradable alloys in the aggressive physiological environment impose limitations on their clinical applications. This necessitates development of implants with controlled degradation rates to match the kinetics of bone healing. Application of protective but biocompatible and biodegradable coatings able to delay the onset of Mg corrosion appears to be a reasonable solution. Since calcium orthophosphates are well tolerated by living organisms, they appear to be the excellent candidates for such coatings. Nevertheless, both the high chemical reactivity and the low melting point of Mg require specific parameters for successful deposition of calcium orthophosphate coatings. This review provides an overview of current coating techniques used for deposition of calcium orthophosphates on Mg and its biodegradable alloys. The literature analysis revealed that in all cases the calcium orthophosphate protective coatings both increased the corrosion resistance of Mg-based metallic biomaterials and improved their surface biocompatibility.

    Sergey V. Dorozhkin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    377

    Friction and wear tests on some coatings for a titanium riser  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Three types of coatings have been tested for their suitability for use on a titanium riser to be pulled through a `J` tube. The purpose of the coatings was to provide thermal insulation to the riser and galvanically isolate it from the steel `J` tube. The coatings tested were; polypropylene, polychloroprene and polychloroprene with PTFE overlay. The coatings were selected for their low friction, toughness and thermal insulation properties. The wear and friction coefficients of each coating has been measured in a test simulating the forces and environment which the riser would experience during the pull-in. All three coating performed satisfactorily.

    Baxter, C.F. [Carl Baxter and Associates, East Horsley (United Kingdom); Lassen, S. [Inst. for Product Development, Lyngby (Denmark)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    378

    Creep and Corrosion Testing of Aluminide Coatings on Ferritic-Martensitic Substrates  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pack and chemical vapor deposited (CVD) aluminide coatings on commercial ferritic-martensitic Fe-9Cr-2W steel are being investigated by creep and corrosion testing at 650 C. Results from different coating thicknesses show that the coated region makes no contribution to the creep strength. The creep behavior of uncoated material was studied after various heat treatments to simulate the coating process and typical secondary heat treatments. Alternating creep and corrosion exposures showed little effect on the creep strength of uncoated material but coated materials became progressively weaker. The coatings were protective in wet air at 650 C after creep testing.

    Dryepondt, Sebastien N [ORNL; Zhang, Ying [Tennessee Technological University; Pint, Bruce A [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    379

    First elevated-temperature performance testing of coated particle fuel compacts from the AGR-1 irradiation experiment  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    In the AGR-1 irradiation experiment, 72 coated-particle fuel compacts were taken to a peak burnup of 19.5% fissions per initial metal atom with no in-pile failures. This paper discusses the first post-irradiation test of these mixed uranium oxide/uranium carbide fuel compacts at elevated temperature to examine the fuel performance under a simulated depressurized conduction cooldown event. A compact was heated for 400 h at 1600 degrees C. Release of 85Kr was monitored throughout the furnace test as an indicator of coating failure, while other fission product releases from the compact were periodically measured by capturing them on exchangeable, water-cooled deposition cups. No coating failure was detected during the furnace test, and this result was verified by subsequent electrolytic deconsolidation and acid leaching of the compact, which showed that all SiC layers were still intact. However, the deposition cups recovered significant quantities of silver, europium, and strontium. Based on comparison of calculated compact inventories at the end of irradiation versus analysis of these fission products released to the deposition cups and furnace internals, the minimum estimated fractional losses from the compact during the furnace test were 1.9 x 10-2 for silver, 1.4 x 10-3 for europium, and 1.1 x 10-5 for strontium. Other post-irradiation examination of AGR-1 compacts indicates that similar fractions of europium and silver may have already been released by the intact coated particles during irradiation, and it is therefore likely that the detected fission products released from the compact in this 1600 degrees C furnace test were from residual fission products in the matrix. Gamma analysis of coated particles deconsolidated from the compact after the heating test revealed that silver content within each particle varied considerably; a result that is probably not related to the furnace test, because it has also been observed in other as-irradiated AGR-1 compacts. X-ray imaging of selected particles was performed to examine the internal microstructure. This examination revealed variable irradiation performance of the coating layers, but sufficient statistical sampling is not yet available to identify any possible correlation to variation in individual particle fission product retention.

    Charles A. Baldwin; John D. Hunn; Robert N. Morris; Fred C. Montgomery; Chinthaka M. Silva; Paul A. Demkowicz

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    380

    Effect on Intimal Hyperplasia of Dexamethasone Released from Coated Metal Stents Compared with Non-Coated Stents in Canine Femoral Arteries  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purpose: Polymer-coated, dexamethasone (DXM)-releasing stents were tested in order to assess the efficacy of DXM released locally for the prevention of stent restenosis due to intimal hyperplasia. Methods: Strecker stents coated with a biodegradable membrane containing DXM were implanted percutaneously into the femoral artery in 14 dogs. The contralateral artery received a conventional non-coated stent serving as control. The drugs are eluted by degradation of the carrier membrane. Follow-up intraarterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was obtained at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 weeks with subsequent autopsy. Specimens for gross and microscopic pathology were obtained and histomorphometry was performed. Results: Four of 14 DXM-coated stents showed thrombotic occlusion within the first 3 weeks; ten DXM-coated stents remained patent. At follow-up DSA, DXM-coated stents showed a significantly wider lumen than the non-coated stents. At morphometry there was less intimal hyperplasia over DXM-coated stents than over non-coated stents (p < 0.05). Conclusion: DXM-coated stents reduce neointimal hyperplasia in dogs when compared with non-coated stents.

    Strecker, Ernst-Peter [Department of Radiology, Diakonissen-Hospital, Diakonissenstrasse 28, D-76199 Karlsruhe (Germany); Gabelmann, Andreas [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D-79106 Freiburg (Germany); Boos, Irene [Department of Radiology, Diakonissen-Hospital, Diakonissenstrasse 28, D-76199 Karlsruhe (Germany); Lucas, Christopher [Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmacy, University Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 366, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Xu, Zhongying [Department of Radiology, Diakonissen-Hospital, Diakonissenstrasse 28, D-76199 Karlsruhe (Germany); Haberstroh, Joerg [Department of Surgical Research, University Hospital, Breisacher Strasse 64, D-79108 Freiburg (Germany); Freudenberg, Nicolaus [Department of Pathology, University Hospital, Albertstrasse 19, D-79002 Freiburg (Germany); Stricker, Helmut [Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmacy, University Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 366, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Langer, Mathias [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D-79106 Freiburg (Germany); Betz, Eberhard [Department of Physiology, University Tuebingen, Gmelinstrasse 5, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    1998-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    381

    Metallic coatings on silicon substrates, and methods of forming metallic coatings on silicon substrates  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The invention includes methods of forming a metallic coating on a substrate which contains silicon. A metallic glass layer is formed over a silicon surface of the substrate. The invention includes methods of protecting a silicon substrate. The substrate is provided within a deposition chamber along with a deposition target. Material from the deposition target is deposited over at least a portion of the silicon substrate to form a protective layer or structure which contains metallic glass. The metallic glass comprises iron and one or more of B, Si, P and C. The invention includes structures which have a substrate containing silicon and a metallic layer over the substrate. The metallic layer contains less than or equal to about 2 weight % carbon and has a hardness of at least 9.2 GPa. The metallic layer can have an amorphous microstructure or can be devitrified to have a nanocrystalline microstructure.

    Branagan, Daniel J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hyde, Timothy A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Fincke, James R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    382

    STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OPTICAL COATING LABORATORY, INC.  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OPTICAL COATING LABORATORY, INC. OPTICAL COATING LABORATORY, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER-OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC36-94GO 10029 W(A)-95-018; CH-0863 The Petitioner, Optical Coating Laboratory, Inc. has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Electrochromics Windows Program." The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop and demonstrate a thin-film electrochronic switching technology suitable for commercialization in the fenestration industry. The agreement comprises three phases including, respectively, development, demonstration, and market deployment. In Phase I, a viable electrochromic window system wilh a transmittance

    383

    Zirconia coating on stainless steel sheets from organozirconium compounds  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The stability and the coating characteristics of a variety of organozirconium compounds have been investigated to coat ZrO/sub 2/ films on stainless steel sheets for the improvement of heat resistance against oxidation. Zirconium tetraoctylate and zirconium tetrakis(acetylacetonate). The authors discuss how the compounds were found to be more stable than zirconium alkoxides in an ambient atmosphere. The ZrO/sub 2/ films from zirconium alkoxides became white and discontinuous when the thickness of the films exceeded about 200 A (20nm). On the other hand, transparent ZrO/sub 2/ films were obtained from zirconium tetraoctylate and zirconium tetrakis(acetylacetonate). The IR spectra of the films showed that the heat treatment at 400{sup 0}C for 5 min produced organic-free ZrO/sub 2/ films. The heat resistance of stainless steel sheets against oxidation was improved by the ZrO/sub 2/ coating, depending on the film thickness.

    Izumi, K.; Murakami, M.; Deguchi, T.; Morita, A. (Nisshin Steel Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Tohge, N.; Minami, T. (Dept. of Applied Chemistry, Univ. of Osaka Prefecture, Mozu-Umekmachi, Sakai-Shi, Osaka- Fu 591 (JP))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    384

    Laser ablation analysis of novel perfluoroalkyl-coated aluminum nanocomposites  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The evolution and decay of aluminum and aluminum monoxide emission signatures following a laser ablation event were used to compare the relative reaction rates of three aluminum based materials. Time-resolved emission results of oxide-free, C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H-passivated materials were compared with uncoated, oxide passivated aluminum nanoparticles and those coated with the same acid used in for passivation C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H. Excited state Al and AlO emission is reduced in time for the oxide free material when compared to coated, 50 nm, oxide passivated particles mixed on an equal active Al: C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H ratio. This is interpreted as an increase in the reaction rate afforded by the elimination of the oxide coating and proximity of oxidizing species in the SAM-based nanocomposite.

    Jouet, R. Jason; Carney, Joel R.; Lightstone, James M.; Warren, Andrea D. [Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, IHDIV, Naval Surface Warfare Center 4104 Evans Way, Suite 102 Indian Head MD 20640-5102 (United States)

    2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    385

    Boron containing multilayer coatings and method of fabrication  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hard coatings are fabricated from multilayer boron/boron carbide, boron carbide/cubic boron nitride, and boron/boron nitride/boron carbide, and the fabrication thereof involves magnetron sputtering in a selected atmosphere. These hard coatings may be applied to tools and engine and other parts, as well to reduce wear on tribological surfaces and electronic devices. These boron coatings contain no morphological growth features. For example, the boron and boron carbide used in forming the multilayers are formed in an inert (e.g. argon) atmosphere, while the cubic boron nitride is formed in a reactive (e.g. nitrogen) atmosphere. The multilayer boron/boron carbide, and boron carbide/cubic boron nitride is produced by depositing alternate layers of boron, cubic boron nitride or boron carbide, with the alternate layers having a thickness of 1 nanometer to 1 micrometer, and at least the interfaces of the layers may be of a discrete or a blended or graded composition.

    Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    386

    Ceramic thermal barrier coating for rapid thermal cycling applications  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A thermal barrier coating for metal articles subjected to rapid thermal cycling includes a metallic bond coat deposited on the metal article, at least one MCrAlY/ceramic layer deposited on the bond coat, and a ceramic top layer deposited on the MCrAlY/ceramic layer. The M in the MCrAlY material is Fe, Ni, Co, or a mixture of Ni and Co. The ceramic in the MCrAlY/ceramic layer is mullite or Al.sub.2 O.sub.3. The ceramic top layer includes a ceramic with a coefficient of thermal expansion less than about 5.4.times.10.sup.-6 .degree.C.sup.-1 and a thermal conductivity between about 1 J sec.sup.-1 m.sup.-1 .degree.C.sup.-1 and about 1.7 J sec.sup.-1 m.sup.-1 .degree.C.sup.-1.

    Scharman, Alan J. (Hebron, CT); Yonushonis, Thomas M. (Columbus, IN)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    387

    Lithium Surface Coatings for Improved Plasma Performance in NSTX  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTX high-power divertor plasma experiments have shown, for the first time, significant and frequent benefits from lithium coatings applied to plasma facing components. Lithium pellet injection on NSTX introduced lithium pellets with masses 1 to 5 mg via He discharges. Lithium coatings have also been applied with an oven that directed a collimated stream of lithium vapor toward the graphite tiles of the lower center stack and divertor. Lithium depositions from a few mg to 1 g have been applied between discharges. Benefits from the lithium coating were sometimes, but not always seen. These improvements sometimes included decreases plasma density, inductive flux consumption, and ELM frequency, and increases in electron temperature, ion temperature, energy confinement and periods of MHD quiescence. In addition, reductions in lower divertor D, C, and O luminosity were measured.

    Kugel, H W; Ahn, J -W; Allain, J P; Bell, R; Boedo, J; Bush, C; Gates, D; Gray, T; Kaye, S; Kaita, R; LeBlanc, B; Maingi, R; Majeski, R; Mansfield, D; Menard, J; Mueller, D; Ono, M; Paul, S; Raman, R; Roquemore, A L; Ross, P W; Sabbagh, S; Schneider, H; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V; Stevenson, T; Timberlake, J; Wampler, W R

    2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    388

    Fretting wear of coated magnesium and steel couples  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    An experimental procedure is undertaken to establish the effect of design parameters upon the severity of fretting wear caused by steel (AMS 6265) rubbing on magnesium (AMS 4439), and to determine the ability of selected coatings to delay wear induced failure. The procedure consists of two major tasks as follows: The design, construction and operation of a suitable fretting wear machine, and an experimental set-up to systematically evaluate the relevant wear controlling parameters and surface treatment. Several wear tests were performed under different operating and surface conditions, and the results are presented in some detail. It was found that magnaplated coated magnesium samples offer the best wear resistance as compared to Xylan coated and plain samples. Slip amplitude was found to be the most dominant parameter that contributed mainly to fretting wear as compared to other wear parameters such as frequency of oscillation, test duration, and contact load.

    A.H. Elkholy

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    389

    Coatings for the protection of turbine blades from erosion  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Many types of turbines, including aircraft gas turbines, steam turbines, and power recovery turbines, suffer from solid particle erosion caused by a variety of materials ingested into the machines. Utilization of various laboratory erosion tests tailored to the specific application by using various erodents, temperatures, velocities, and angles of impact, have been shown to be effective in the development and selection of coatings for the erosion protection of turbine blades and other components. Detonation gun coatings have demonstrated their efficacy in providing substantial protection in many situations. It has now been shown that several tungsten carbide and chromium carbide Super D-Gun{trademark} coatings not only have better erosion resistance than their D-Gun analogs, but cause little or no degradation of the fatigue properties of the blade alloys. Nonetheless, caution should be employed in the application of any laboratory data to a specific situation and additional testing done as warranted by the turbine designer.

    Walsh, P.N.; Quets, J.M.; Tucker, R.C. Jr. [Praxair Surface Technologies, Inc., Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    390

    Dynamic recrystallization in friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friction surfacing involves complex thermo-mechanical phenomena. In this study, the nature of dynamic recrystallization in friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L coatings was investigated using electron backscattered diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the alloy 316L undergoes discontinuous dynamic recrystallization under conditions of moderate Zener-Hollomon parameter during friction surfacing. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dynamic recrystallization in alloy 316L friction surfaced coatings is examined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Friction surfacing leads to discontinuous dynamic recrystallization in alloy 316L. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strain rates in friction surfacing exceed 400 s{sup -1}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Estimated grain size matches well with experimental observations in 316L coatings.

    Puli, Ramesh, E-mail: rameshpuli2000@gmail.com; Janaki Ram, G.D.

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    391

    3.07 - TRISO-Coated Particle Fuel Performance  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Tristructural isotropic (TRISO)-coated particle fuel is used in all current and planned high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs). The robustness of this fuel, coupled with the high heat capacity of graphite, has led to the development of modular \\{HTGRs\\} with a high degree of passive safety. In this chapter, the irradiation and accident performance of modern TRISO-coated particle fuel around the world are reviewed. For all HTGRs, TRISO-coated particle fuel forms the heart of the concept. Such fuels have been studied extensively over the past four decades around the world, for example, in countries including the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, the United States, Russia, China, and more recently, South Africa.

    D.A. Petti; P.A. Demkowicz; J.T. Maki; R.R. Hobbins

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    392

    Functionalized chitosan-based coatings for active corrosion protection  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Chitosan-based coatings were suggested in this work as a “green” alternative for active corrosion protection of aluminum alloys. 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) was used here as an efficient corrosion inhibitor for AA2024. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy has demonstrated a strong inhibiting action of MBT showing no corrosion attack even after one week in full immersion tests when MBT-loaded chitosan coatings are applied. The surface properties of the chitosan coatings were improved by chemical grafting with poly(ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PEMA) and poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene) (POMA), aiming at increasing hydrophobicity that is crucial for corrosion protection in atmospheric conditions. The high contact angles, in the range of 140°, were obtained on the MBT-containing chitosan films.

    J. Carneiro; J. Tedim; S.C.M. Fernandes; C.S.R. Freire; A. Gandini; M.G.S. Ferreira; M.L. Zheludkevich

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    393

    Erosion-corrosion of thermal sprayed coatings in FBC boilers  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Varieties of bed ash and fly ash were retrieved from operating fluidized bed combustor (FBC) boilers firing different fuels in North America and Europe. Using these ashes, the relative erosion-corrosion resistances of HVOF Cr3C2?NiCr coating and several other thermal sprayed coatings were determined in an elevated temperature blast nozzle erosion tester. Test conditions attempted to simulate erosive conditions found at the refractory—waterwall interface and in the convection pass region in tubular heat exchangers of FBC boilers. Erosion-corrosion (E-C) wastage mechanisms of the structural metals (AISI 1018, ASTM SA213-T22) were discussed and compared with the E-C wastage of HVOF Cr3C2?NiCr cermet coatings. The relatively different erosivities of ashes retrieved from North America and from Europe were also discussed.

    Buqian Wang

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    394

    Electrochemical studies of corrosion inhibiting effect of polyaniline coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A series of electrochemical measurements, including corrosion potential (E{sub corr}), corrosion current (i{sub corr}), Tafel`s constants and polarization resistance (R{sub p}), have been made on polyaniline-coated cold rolled steel specimen under various conditions. Both the base and acid-doped forms of polyaniline were studied. The base form of polyaniline was found to offer good corrosion protection. This phenomenon may not originate merely from the barrier effect of the coatings, because the nonconjugated polymers such as polystyrene and epoxy did not show the same electrochemical behavior. The polyaniline base with zinc nitrate plus epoxy topcoat appeared to give better overall protection relative to other coating systems in this study.

    Wei, Yen; Wang, Jianguo; Jia, Xinru [and others

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    395

    Method for providing uranium with a protective copper coating  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    The present invention is directed to a method for providing uranium metal with a protective coating of copper. Uranium metal is subjected to a conventional cleaning operation wherein oxides and other surface contaminants are removed, followed by etching and pickling operations. The copper coating is provided by first electrodepositing a thin and relatively porous flash layer of copper on the uranium in a copper cyanide bath. The resulting copper-layered article is then heated in an air or inert atmosphere to volatilize and drive off the volatile material underlying the copper flash layer. After the heating step an adherent and essentially non-porous layer of copper is electro-deposited on the flash layer of copper to provide an adherent, multi-layer copper coating which is essentially impervious to corrosion by most gases.

    Waldrop, Forrest B. (Powell, TN); Jones, Edward (Knoxville, TN)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    396

    Influence of Electrolyte Chemistry on Morphology and Corrosion Resistance of Micro Arc Oxidation Coatings Deposited on Magnesium  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    In the present work, micro arc oxidation (MAO) coatings were synthesized on magnesium...2SiO3), potassium hydroxide (KOH), and sodium aluminate (NaAlO2). The resultant coatings were subjected to coating thickness...

    L. Rama Krishna; G. Poshal; G. Sundararajan

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    397

    Electrospark alloying for deposition on aluminum surface of Al-Sn coatings and their wear resistance under dry friction  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Some aspects of coating deposition on aluminum substrate by electrospark alloying with toolelectrode from Al-Sn alloy...2 nanofibers formation in coatings have been studied. Wear resistance of such coatings, unde...

    V. I. Agafii; V. I. Petrenko; V. M. Fomichev…

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    398

    New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

    399

    New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

    400

    Assessing thermal barrier coatings by eddy-current inversion  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of high-temperature coatings is one of the important factors in achieving a high level of structural integrity in advanced gas turbines. In this paper we demonstrate that sophisticated eddy-current techniques can be utilized to measure the thickness and remaining-life of high-temperature coatings. We discuss the difficult in-service case in which the time-temperature exposure of the combustion turbine blade has created a four-layered system in addition to the base metal.

    Harold A. Sabbagh; Elias H. Sabbagh; R. Kim Murphy; John Nyenhuis

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    401

    Enhanced corrosion protective PANI-PAA/PEI multilayer composite coatings for 316SS by spin coating technique  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract In the present study, polyaniline-polyacrylic acid/polyethyleneimine (PANI-PAA/PEI) composite coatings with a multilayer structure for corrosion protection of 316 stainless steels (316SS) were prepared by an alternate deposition. Spin coating combined with heating assists a removal of residual water that result in a linear increase in thickness with layer number (n). The combination of PANI-PAA composite with PEI and their multilayer structure provides a synergistic enhancement of corrosion resistance properties as determined by electrochemical measurements in 3.5% NaCl solution. Importantly, the PANI-PAA/PEI coating with an optimized layer number of n = 20 shows improved corrosion protection. The superior performance was attributed to the formation of an interfacial oxide layer as well as the multilayer structure that extend the diffusion pathway of corrosive ions

    Junaid Ali Syed; Hongbin Lu; Shaochun Tang; Xiangkang Meng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    402

    T-720: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits 0: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-720: Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks September 19, 2011 - 8:45am Addthis PROBLEM Blue Coat Director HTTP Trace Processing Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks. PLATFORM: All versions of Director prior to 5.5.2.3 are vulnerable. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Blue Coat Director. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. reference LINKS: Blue Coat Advisories ID: SA62 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026061 Blue Coat Director 510 Blue Coat SGME 5 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: An attacker can use the HTTP TRACE method to echo malicious script back to the client as part of a Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attack. No

    403

    Advanced thermal barrier coating system development. Technical progress report, August 1, 1996--September 30, 1996  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Objectives of this program are to provide an advanced thermal barrier coating system with improved reliability and temperature capability. This report describes the coating/deposition process, repair, and manufacturing.

    NONE

    1996-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    404

    Advanced thermal barrier coating system development. Technical progress report, January 1, 1996--March 31, 1996  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Objectives of this program are to provide a thermal barrier coating system with increased temperature capability and improved reliability relative to current state of the art systems. This report describes the bond coat deposition process, manufacturing, and repair.

    NONE

    1996-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    405

    T-651: Blue Coat ProxySG Discloses Potentially Sensitive Information...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1: Blue Coat ProxySG Discloses Potentially Sensitive Information in Core Files T-651: Blue Coat ProxySG Discloses Potentially Sensitive Information in Core Files June 21, 2011 -...

    406

    Hygienic coatings by UV curing of diacrylic oligomers with added triclosan  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Hygienic coatings have been obtained by UV photopolymerization of mixtures of urethane-diacrylate, tri-propylene-glycol diacrylate and 2,4,4?-trichloro-2?-hydroxydiphenylether (Triclosan). UV-dried coatings conta...

    Giuseppe Gozzelino…

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    407

    An X-ray study of residual macrostresses in protective coatings for gas-turbine blades  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The x-ray method is used to determine residual macrostresses in the surface layer of protective coatings on high-temperature alloys. Coatings deposited by the high-energy vacuum-plasma (HEVP) method were subje...

    Yu. D. Yagodkin; K. M. Pastukhov; E. V. Milyaeva…

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    408

    Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion Batteries: A XANES Study. Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion...

    409

    Enhanced performance of graphite anode materials by AlF3 coating...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performance of graphite anode materials by AlF3 coating for lithium-ion batteries. Enhanced performance of graphite anode materials by AlF3 coating for lithium-ion batteries....

    410

    Variation in Morphology, Hygroscopicity, and Optical Properties of Soot Particles Coated by Dicarboxylic Acids  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    particles upon coating with succinic and glutaric acids. The effective densities, fractal dimensions and dynamic shape factors of fresh and coated soot aerosol particles have been determined. Significant size-dependent increases of soot particle mobility...

    Xue, Huaxin

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    411

    Advances in Concentrating Solar Power Collectors: Mirrors and Solar Selective Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The intention is to explore the feasibility of depositing the coating by lower-cost methods and to perform a rigorous cost analysis after a viable high-temperature solar-selective coating is demonstrated by e-beam.

    Kenendy, C. E.

    2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    412

    E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced structural coatings Sample Search...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Materials Science 59 Nanoindentation and adhesion of sol-gel-derived hard coatings on polyester Summary: structure of the coatings. It is well known that the addi- tion of...

    413

    Ceramic plasma-sprayed coating of melting crucibles for casting metal fuel slugs  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thermal cycling and melt reaction studies of ceramic coatings plasma-sprayed on Nb substrates were carried out to evaluate the performance of barrier coatings for metallic fuel casting applications. Thermal cycling tests of the ceramic plasma-sprayed coatings to 1450 degrees C showed that HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coating had good cycling characteristics with few interconnected cracks even after 20 cycles. Interaction studies by 1550 degrees C melt dipping tests of the plasma-sprayed coatings also indicated that HfN and Y2O3 do not form significant reaction layer between U–20 wt.% Zr melt and the coating layer. Plasma-sprayed Y2O3 coating exhibited the most promising characteristics among HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coating.

    K.H. Kim; C.T. Lee; C.B. Lee; R.S. Fielding; J.R. Kennedy

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    414

    Formation of Biomimetic Porous Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Surfaces of Polyethylene/Zinc Stearate Blends  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formation of Biomimetic Porous Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Surfaces of Polyethylene/Zinc Stearate phosphate coating, polyethylene Abstract Studies were undertaken investigating improvements presented in this paper concentrated on adding zinc stearate to polyethylene. Important potential benefits

    Drelich, Jaroslaw W.

    415

    Preparation and oxidation resistance of mullite/SiC coating for carbon materials at 1150 °C  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    To protect carbon materials from oxidation, mullite/SiC coatings were prepared on graphite by chemical vapor reaction (CVR) and slurry sintering. The XRD analyses show that the phase of the outer-layer coating is composed of SiO2 and mullite, and the inner-layer coating is mainly composed of ?-SiC. The anti-oxidation behavior of the coating and the Rockwell hardness (HRB) of the coating after oxidation were investigated. The oxidation test shows that the as-prepared multi-layer coating exhibits excellent anti-oxidation and thermal shock resistance at high temperature. After oxidation at 1150 °C for 109 h and thermal shock cycling between 1150 °C and room temperature for 12 times, the mass gain of the coated sample is 0.085%. Meanwhile, the indentation tests also demonstrate that the as-prepared coating has good bonding ability between the layers.

    Xin YANG; Zhe-an SU; Qi-zhong HUANG; Li-yuan CHAI

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    416

    Evidence of a bacterial carbonate coating on plaster samples subjected to the Calcite Bioconcept biomineralization technique  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evidence of a bacterial carbonate coating on plaster samples subjected to the Calcite Bioconcept plaster samples. This substrate was chosen in order to unambiguously detect the bacterial carbonate production. Keywords: Coating; bioremediation; carbonate production; plaster; grazing incidence; X

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    417

    Tribological behavior of plasma spray coatings for marine diesel engine piston ring and cylinder liner  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    High-temperature wear characteristics between plasma spray coated piston rings and cylinder liners were investigated to find the optimum combination of coating materials using the disc-on-plate reciprocating w...

    Jong-Hyun Hwang; Myoung-Seoup Han…

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    418

    E-Print Network 3.0 - agent resistant coating Sample Search Results  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Colloidal graphite as an admixture in cement and as a coating on cement for electromagnetic interference shielding Summary: by using a micro- meter before and after coating. The DC...

    419

    Tribological properties of electrospark-deposited and further laser-hardened coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    The tribological properties of the coatings based on fine-grained VK6-M hard alloy, chromium, and molybdenum have been investigated. The coatings were obtained by the electrospark deposition followed by the laser...

    E. E. Feldshtein; M. A. Kardapolova; R. Gaida…

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    420

    Formation of composite coatings based on titanium carbide via electrospark alloying  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    This work concerns studying the coatings prepared via electrospark alloying. To deposit the coatings, we used STIM-2/30 electrodes derived from a combination of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS...

    F. I. Panteleenko; V. V. Sarantsev…

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    421

    E-Print Network 3.0 - all-dielectric coated spheres Sample Search...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    polymer coatings prevent corrosion Page 1 of 1http:www.timesoftheinternet.comprint.php?story29706 Summary: 21309 1:02 PMNew polymer coatings prevent corrosion Page 1 of...

    422

    Microstructure and nanoindentation measurement of residual stress in Fe-based coating by laser cladding  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Laser cladding is a surface modification technique for improving ... always originated, which can create cracks in cladding coatings. The through-thickness residual stresses in Fe-based coating prepared by laser

    Li-Na Zhu; Bin-Shi Xu; Hai-Dou Wang; Cheng-Biao Wang

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    423

    Development of Corrosion Inhibiting E-Coat System for Body-in...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Corrosion Inhibiting E-Coat System for Body-in-White Assemblies Development of Corrosion Inhibiting E-Coat System for Body-in-White Assemblies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

    424

    Coats for repair and restoration of stems of oil and gas pipeline valves  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Several coats, such as gray cast iron, cast iron alloyed with nickel and copper, nickel-aluminum, Nichrome (nickel-chromium alloy), bronze, etc., have been investigated. Corrosion resistance of coats in a medi...

    L. I. Simma; E. N. Nenashev; K. N. Gattarov

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    425

    Characterization of Optical Coatings for Artwork Protection by Means of Neutron Reflectometry  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    A multilayer coating on a glass pane, specifically designed for artwork protection, has been designed. The materials selected for the coating are SiO2 (silicon oxide), TiO2...(titanium oxide) and ITO (indium tin ...

    I. DI Sarcina; A. Menelle; E. Nichelatti…

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    426

    Heat Resistance of Electric Arc Coatings Made of Fe–Cr–B–Al Powder Wire  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Electric metallized coatings made of Fe–Cr–B–Al powder wire possess a high heat resistance at 700–800°C at the level ... the base material. To obtain heat-resistant electric metallized coatings of powder wire, it...

    V. Pokhmurs'kyi; M. Student; B. Formanek; V. Serivka; Yu. Dz'oba…

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    427

    Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-14-067 MesoCoat EC B3-6.doc  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Title: Functionally Gradient Transition Joint for Dissimilar Metal Welding using Plasma Arc Lamps- MesoCoat, Inc. SECTION B. Project Description MesoCoat, Inc. will conduct...

    428

    Ultralow Protein Adsorbing Coatings from Clickable PEG Nanogel Solutions: Bene ts of Attachment under Salt-Induced Phase  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ultralow Protein Adsorbing Coatings from Clickable PEG Nanogel Solutions: Bene ts of Attachment nanogel solutions attached with salt adsorbed signi cantly less brinogen than other 100% PEG coatings

    Mitra, Rob

    429

    Method for synthesis of high T[sub c] superconducting materials by oxidation and press coating of metallic precursor alloys  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A superconductor oxide composite is prepared using a press coating technique. The coated layers on various substrates exhibit good adhesion, textured microstructure, and improved J[sub c].

    Gao, W.; Vander Sande, J.B.

    1993-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    430

    Human preproinsulin-like growth factor I  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This patent describes a synthetic DNA sequence encoding a preproinsulin-like growth factor-I protein. It comprises: the sequence of amino acids.

    Rotwein, P.S.; Krivi, G.G.

    1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    431

    Tribological contact analysis of a rigid ball sliding on a hard coated surface: Part II: Material deformations, influence of coating thickness and Young's modulus  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Material deformations and the influence of coating thickness and elastic modulus were analysed by three-dimensional finite element method (FEM) modelling on microlevel, by stress, strain, and displacement computer simulations and by experimental studies with a scratch tester. The studied tribological contact was a diamond ball sliding with increasing load on a thin titanium nitride (TiN) coating on a flat steel substrate. The ball was modelled as rigid, the coating was linearly elastic, and the steel substrate was elastic–plastic, taking into account strain hardening effects. It was shown that a thin TiN ceramic coating on a steel substrate has only a very slight effect on friction and on the plastic deformations (i.e., the groove formation) in the surface, but changes considerably the stress pattern at the surface. The stress simulations showed how a thicker hard coating on a soft substrate has a better load-carrying capacity that a thinner one. Higher tensile stresses at the coating/substrate interface increase the risk for interface cracks and delamination of the thicker coating. A stiffer hard coating on a soft substrate has a better load-carrying capacity than a more elastic one. The stiffer coating will accommodate higher tensile stresses with the same indentation depth compared to a more elastic one. The results show that much more attention should be given to optimizing the elastic properties of the coating than previously has been done. In many cases, it can be much more effective to improve the wear resistance of the coated surface by focusing on the elastic modulus of the coating than changing the coating thickness.

    Kenneth Holmberg; Anssi Laukkanen; Helena Ronkainen; Kim Wallin; Simo Varjus; Jari Koskinen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    432

    I Like, I Wish, What If WHY use I Like, I Wish, What if  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I Like, I Wish, What If METHOD WHY use I Like, I Wish, What if HOW to use I Like, I Wish, What don't listen to me" instead of "You don't listen to a word I say." Specifically, "I like, I wish, What can express a "Like," a "Wish," or a "What if" succinctly as a headline. For example you might say one

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    433

    Effect of Micro Arc Oxidation Coatings on Corrosion Resistance of 6061-Al Alloy  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    In the present study, the corrosion behavior of micro arc oxidation (MAO) coatings deposited at two current...

    Nitin P. Wasekar; A. Jyothirmayi…

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    434

    Thermo-optic noise in coated mirrors for high-precision optical measurements  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal fluctuations in the coatings used to make high-reflectors are becoming significant noise sources in precision optical measurements and are particularly relevant to advanced gravitational wave detectors. There are two recognized sources of coating thermal noise, mechanical loss and thermal dissipation. Thermal dissipation causes thermal fluctuations in the coating which produce noise via the thermo-elastic and thermo-refractive mechanisms. We treat these mechanisms coherently, give a correction for finite coating thickness, and evaluate the implications for Advanced LIGO.

    M. Evans; S. Ballmer; M. Fejer; P. Fritschel; G. Harry; G. Ogin

    2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    435

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Uniform Metal Coatings on Highly Porous Aerogel Substrates  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Uniform Metal Coatings on Highly Porous Aerogel Substrates ... Figure 1 Bright-field transmission electron micrographs of the (a) uncoated and (b) W-coated alumina aerogel (6 ALD cycles), and the (c) uncoated and (b) W-coated germania aerogel (6 ALD cycles). ... For the alumina aerogel, the coating consists of crystalline W nanoparticles, ?2 nm in diameter, uniformly deposited on the surfaces of the nanoleaflets (Figure 1b). ...

    Theodore F. Baumann; Juergen Biener; Yinmin M. Wang; Sergei O. Kucheyev; Erik J. Nelson; Joe H. Satcher, Jr.; Jeffrey W. Elam; Michael J. Pellin; Alex V. Hamza

    2006-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    436

    Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Superhard and low-friction coatings and surface treatments can help improve fuel economy and durability in engines.

    437

    Wear-Resistant NanoCompositeStainless Steel Coatings and Bits  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objective: To develop ultra-hard and wear resistant nanocompositestainless steel coatings and bulk components for geothermal drilling applications.

    438

    Characterization of a spheromak plasma gun: The effect of refractory electrode coatings  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of a spheromak plasma gun: The effect of refractory electrode coatings M. FL Brown, the center electrode of the spheromak plasma gun has been coated with a variety of metals (bare steel, copper in the gun breech was monitored for each of the coated electrodes. Plasma density and temperature

    Brown, Michael R.

    439

    Rectification of evanescent heat transfer between dielectric-coated and uncoated silicon carbide plates  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rectification of evanescent heat transfer between dielectric-coated and uncoated silicon carbide://jap.aip.org/authors #12;Rectification of evanescent heat transfer between dielectric-coated and uncoated silicon carbide-infinite bodies of the dielectric-coated silicon carbide and uncoated silicon carbide. The permittivity

    Fan, Shanhui

    440

    Delamination of Ceramic Coatings with Embedded Metal Layers Matthew R. Begleyw  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sili- con-based ceramic matrix composites from oxidation and evap- orative hydrolysis at elevatedDelamination of Ceramic Coatings with Embedded Metal Layers Matthew R. Begleyw Mechanical zirconica coating; the crack ERR for the composite coating is shown to be 30% lower than that for a uniform

    Wadley, Haydn

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    441

    Surface Analysis of Silica Gel Particles after Mechanical Dry Coating with Magnesium Stearate  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Surface Analysis of Silica Gel Particles after Mechanical Dry Coating with Magnesium Stearate particles (d50 = 55 µm) by coating with different mass ratios of magnesium stearate - MgSt2 (d50 = 4.6 µm Group). Keywords: AFM phase imaging, adhesion force, dry coating, silica, magnesium stearate. 1

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    442

    Modification of petroleum-bitumen anticorrosion coatings aimed at improvement of their thermal resistance  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We develop petroleum-bitumen coatings modified by mineral fillers and epoxy resins, give experimental demonstration of the improvement of mechanical, thermophysical, and anticorrosion properties of mastics and reinforced coatings obtained on their basis, and outline the areas of possible use of these coatings.

    Nironovych, I.O.; Suprun, V.V.; Tselyukh, O.I. [Karpenko Physicomechanical Institute, L`viv (Ukraine)] [and others

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    443

    Advanced thermal barrier coating system development. Technical progress report  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The objectives of the program are to provide an improved TBC system with increased temperature capability and improved reliability relative to current state of the art TBC systems. The development of such a coating system is essential to the ATS engine meeting its objectives. The base program consists of three phases: Phase 1: Program Planning--Complete; Phase 2: Development; Phase 3: Selected Specimen--Bench Test. Work is currently being performed in Phase 2 of the program. In Phase 2, process improvements will be married with new bond coat and ceramic materials systems to provide improvements over currently available TBC systems. Coating reliability will be further improved with the development of an improved lifing model and NDE techniques. This will be accomplished by conducting the following program tasks: II.1 Process Modeling; II.2 Bond Coat Development; II.3 Analytical Lifing Model; II.4 Process Development; II.5 NDE, Maintenance and Repair; II.6 New TBC Concepts. A brief summary is given of progress made in each of these 6 areas.

    NONE

    1996-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    444

    Advanced thermal barrier coating system development. Technical progress report  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The objectives of the program are to provide an improved TBC system with increased temperature capability and improved reliability relative to current state of the art TBC systems. The development of such a coating system is essential to the ATS engine meeting its objectives. The base program consists of three phases: Phase 1: Program Planning--Complete; Phase 2: Development; Phase 3: Selected Specimen--Bench Test. Work is currently being performed in Phase 2 of the program. In Phase 2, process improvements will be married with new bond coat and ceramic materials systems to provide improvements over currently available TBC systems. Coating reliability will be further improved with the development of an improved lifing model and NDE techniques. This will be accomplished by conducting the following program tasks: II.1 Process Modeling; II.2 Bond Coat Development; II.3 Analytical Lifing Model; II.4 Process Development; II.5 NDE, Maintenance and Repair; II.6 New TBC Concepts. A brief summary of progress made in each of these 6 areas is given.

    NONE

    1996-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    445

    New Bactericidal Surgical Suture Coating Kushi N. Kumar,,  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bacteria (98% reduction at 0.75 wt %). Triclosan, the active ingredient in Vicryl Plus coatings, did), in which the active ingredient is triclosan (2,4,4-trichloro-2-hydroxydipheny- lether), a neutral small molecule. The presence of triclosan in VPAS inhibits the colonization of a broad spectrum of bacteria

    Tew, Gregory N.

    446

    CORROSION PERFORMANCE OF EPOXY-COATED REINFORCEMENTBEAM TESTS  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CORROSION PERFORMANCE OF EPOXY-COATED REINFORCEMENT­BEAM TESTS by Khaled Z. Kahhaleh, Enrique Vaca which simulate a highly corrosive environment and under loading conditions producing concrete cracking was intended to produce a very aggressive environment and to accelerate corrosion of the specimens. The state

    Texas at Austin, University of

    447

    Mobile linkers on DNA-coated colloids: valency without patches  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colloids coated with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) can bind selectively to other colloids coated with complementary ssDNA. The fact that DNA-coated colloids (DNACCs) can bind to specific partners opens the prospect of making colloidal `molecules'. However, in order to design DNACC-based molecules, we must be able to control the valency of the colloids, i.e. the number of partners to which a given DNACC can bind. One obvious, but not very simple approach is to decorate the colloidal surface with patches of single-stranded DNA that selectively bind those on other colloids. Here we propose a design principle that exploits many-body effects to control the valency of otherwise isotropic colloids. Using a combination of theory and simulation, we show that we can tune the valency of colloids coated with mobile ssDNA, simply by tuning the non-specific repulsion between the particles. Our simulations show that the resulting effective interactions lead to low-valency colloids self-assembling in peculiar open structures, very different from those observed in DNACCs with immobile DNA linkers.

    Stefano Angioletti-Uberti; Patrick Varilly; Bortolo M. Mognetti; Daan Frenkel

    2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    448

    Versatile ferrofluids based on polyethylene glycol coated iron oxide nanoparticles  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Versatile ferrofluids based on polyethylene glycol coated iron oxide nanoparticles W. Brullot a in revised form 20 December 2011 Available online 3 February 2012 Keywords: Ferrofluid Polyethylene glycol Magneto-optics Magnetite Rheology a b s t r a c t Versatile ferrofluids based on polyethylene glycol

    449

    Fabrication of asymmetrically coated colloid particles by microcontact printing techniques  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janus particles,4 non-spherical shaped ``acorn'' particles5,6 and unsymmetrical 3D macromoleculesFabrication of asymmetrically coated colloid particles by microcontact printing techniques Olivier particles by using a microcontact printing technique. Films of water-insoluble ionic surfactants deposited

    Velev, Orlin D.

    450

    Multilayer reflective coatings for extreme-ultraviolet lithography  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Multilayer mirror coatings which reflect extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation are a key enabling technology for EUV lithography. Mo/Si multilayers with reflectances of 67.5% at 13.4 nm are now routinely achieved and reflectances of 70 2% at 11.4 nm were obtained with MO/Be multilayers. High reflectance is achieved with careful control of substrate quality, layer thicknesses, multilayer materials, interface quality, and surface termination. Reflectance and film stress were found to be stable relative to the requirements for application to EUV lithography. The run-to-run reproducibility of the reflectance peak position was characterized to be better than 0.2%, providing the required wavelength matching among the seven multilayer-coated mirrors used in the present lithography system design. Uniformity of coating was improved to better than 0.5% across 150 mm diameter substrates. These improvements in EUV multilayer mirror technology will enable us to meet the stringent specifications for coating the large optical substrates for our next-generation EUV lithography system.

    Montcalm, C., LLNL

    1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    451

    Atmospheric Plasma Deposited Dense Silica Coatings on Plastics  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Atmospheric Plasma Deposited Dense Silica Coatings on Plastics ... (8) Finally, some plasma techniques including atmospheric plasmas work at low gas temperature, are suitable for treating plastics with low glass transition temperatures, and can even be used on biological samples. ... These results suggest that the mechanism in the atm.-pressure plasma is the same as that in low-pressure plasmas. ...

    Linying Cui; Alpana N. Ranade; Marvi A. Matos; Liam S. Pingree; Theo J. Frot; Geraud Dubois; Reinhold H. Dauskardt

    2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    452

    Polyferrocenylsilanes as Protective Charge Migration Coatings for Dielectrics*  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +Business Media, Inc. #12;to an electrical field and may lead to a high energy arc discharge of sufficient energy from a concentrated toluene solution coated on Mylar did not experience any arc discharging when; arc discharge . 1. INTRODUCTION Orbiting at altitudes of 3­6 earth radii, numer- ous satellites

    Balmain, Keith G.

    453

    Levelized cost of coating (LCOC) for selective absorber materials.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A new metric has been developed to evaluate and compare selective absorber coatings for concentrating solar power applications. Previous metrics have typically considered the performance of the selective coating (i.e., solar absorptance and thermal emittance), but cost and durability were not considered. This report describes the development of the levelized cost of coating (LCOC), which is similar to the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) commonly used to evaluate alternative energy technologies. The LCOC is defined as the ratio of the annualized cost of the coating (and associated costs such as labor and number of heliostats required) to the average annual thermal energy produced by the receiver. The baseline LCOC using Pyromark 2500 paint was found to be %240.055/MWht, and the distribution of LCOC values relative to this baseline were determined in a probabilistic analysis to range from -%241.6/MWht to %247.3/MWht, accounting for the cost of additional (or fewer) heliostats required to yield the same baseline average annual thermal energy produced by the receiver. A stepwise multiple rank regression analysis showed that the initial solar absorptance was the most significant parameter impacting the LCOC, followed by thermal emittance, degradation rate, reapplication interval, and downtime during reapplication.

    Ho, Clifford Kuofei; Pacheco, James Edward

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    454

    Methanofullerene-coated tetrabenzoporphyrin organic field-effect transistors  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -grade ethanol for 20 min and dried with nitrogen gas. A 0.7% weight precursor solu- tion was prepared-processable form of the organic semiconductor tetrabenzoporphyrin were fabricated with a top coating of a soluble n or postdeposition processing, namely the effects of absorbing oxygen,4 or water,5 or exposure to light.6 In the case

    Kanicki, Jerzy

    455

    Pentek metal coating removal system: Baseline report; Greenbook (chapter)  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Pentek coating removal technology was tested and is being evaluated at Florida International University (FIU) as a baseline technology. In conjunction with FIU`s evaluation of efficiency and cost, this report covers evaluation conducted for safety and health issues. It is a commercially available technology and has been used for various projects at locations throughout the country. The Pentek coating removal system consisted of the ROTO-PEEN Scaler, CORNER-CUTTER{reg_sign}, and VAC-PAC{reg_sign}. They are designed to remove coatings from steel, concrete, brick, and wood. The Scaler uses 3M Roto Peen tungsten carbide cutters while the CORNER-CUTTER{reg_sign} uses solid needles for descaling activities. These hand tools are used with the VAC-PAC{reg_sign} vacuum system to capture dust and debris as removal of the coating takes place. The safety and health evaluation during the testing demonstration focused on two main areas of exposure: dust and noise. Dust exposure minimal, but noise exposure was significant. Further testing for each exposure is recommended because of the environment where the testing demonstration took place. It is feasible that the dust and noise levels will be higher in an enclosed operating environment of different construction. In addition, other areas of concern found were arm-hand vibration, whole-body, ergonomics, heat stress, tripping hazards, electrical hazards, machine guarding, and lockout/tagout.

    NONE

    1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    456

    Cold spray coating: review of material systems and future perspectives  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . This includes metallic, ceramic and metal matrix composite (MMC) coatings and their applications. Polymer (both matrix composite, Polymer, Ceramic, Nanostructured Powder This paper is part of a special issue on cold. Different materials such as metals, ceramics, composites and polymers can be deposited using CS, creating

    Suresh, Subra

    457

    Method of making quasicrystal alloy powder, protective coatings and articles  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of making quasicrystalline alloy particulates is disclosed wherein an alloy is superheated and the melt is atomized to form generally spherical alloy particulates free of mechanical fracture and exhibiting a predominantly quasicrystalline in the atomized condition structure. The particulates can be plasma sprayed to form a coating or consolidated to form an article of manufacture. 3 figs.

    Shield, J.E.; Goldman, A.I.; Anderson, I.E.; Ellis, T.W.; McCallum, R.W.; Sordelet, D.J.

    1995-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    458

    Method of making quasicrystal alloy powder, protective coatings and articles  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method of making quasicrystalline alloy particulates wherein an alloy is superheated and the melt is atomized to form generally spherical alloy particulates free of mechanical fracture and exhibiting a predominantly quasicrystalline in the atomized condition structure. The particulates can be plasma sprayed to form a coating or consolidated to form an article of manufacture.

    Shield, Jeffrey E. (Sandy, UT); Goldman, Alan I. (Ames, IA); Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Ellis, Timothy W. (Ames, IA); McCallum, R. William (Ames, IA); Sordelet, Daniel J. (Ames, IA)

    1995-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    459

    Coated metal sintering carriers for fuel cell electrodes  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A carrier is described for conveying components of a fuel cell to be sintered through a sintering furnace. The carrier comprises a metal sheet coated with a water-based carbon paint, the water-based carbon paint comprising water, powdered graphite, an organic binder, a wetting agent, a dispersing agent and a defoaming agent.

    Donelson, R.; Bryson, E.S.

    1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    460

    DEVELOPMENT OF PROTECTIVE COATINGS FOR SINGLE CRYSTAL TURBINE BLADES  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turbine blades in coal derived syngas systems are subject to oxidation and corrosion due to high steam temperature and pressure. Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are developed to address these problems. The emphasis is on prime-reliant design and a better coating architecture, having high temperature and corrosion resistance properties for turbine blades. In Phase I, UES Inc. proposed to develop, characterize and optimize a prime reliant TBC system, having smooth and defect-free NiCoCrAlY bond layer and a defect free oxide sublayer, using a filtered arc technology. Phase I work demonstrated the deposition of highly dense, smooth and defect free NiCoCrAlY bond coat on a single crystal CMSX-4 substrate and the deposition of alpha-alumina and yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) sublayer on top of the bond coat. Isothermal and cyclic oxidation test and pre- and post-characterization of these layers, in Phase I work, (with and without top TBC layer of commercial EB PVD YSZ) revealed significant performance enhancement.

    Amarendra K. Rai

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    461

    Plasma sprayed coatings as surface treatments of aluminum adherends  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plasma sprayed coatings have been evaluated as surface treatments for aluminum substrates being prepared for adhesive bonding. Blends of an aluminum-silicon alloy and polyester give the best performance. To establish durability performance, wedge tests were done using four common epoxy adhesives without primers. In all cases, the 60%Al-Si/40%polyester coating gave results superior to those of FPL-etched specimens and, in some cases, performance equivalent to PAA specimens. This roughness provides excellent opportunity for mechanical interlocking or physical bonding and allows a complex interphase to be formed as the adhesive penetrates into the coating. Crack growth measurements and subsequent failure analysis using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicate that crack propagation occurs within this complex interphase. The results also show that the aluminum and polyester components are synergistic and blends of the two give better performance than either component by itself The aluminum gives strength to the coating while the polyester provides toughness and improves moisture resistance.

    Davis, G.D.; Whisnant, P.L.; Groff, G.B.; Shaffer, D.K. [Lockheed Martin, Baltimore, MD (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    462

    Tungsten-yttria carbide coating for conveying copper  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A method is provided for providing a carbided-tungsten-yttria coating on the interior surface of a copper vapor laser. The surface serves as a wick for the condensation of liquid copper to return the condensate to the interior of the laser for revolatilization.

    Rothman, Albert J. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    463

    Surface Coating of Tungsten Carbide by Electric Exploding of Contact  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Electric exploding of a tungsten carbide--cobalt material near-by high-speed steel surface forms on it a hardening coating. The essential structure properties of the formed coatings are determined by parameters of contact exploding electrode at the pulse current amplitude from above 106 A/cm2 and duration less than 10-4 s. The metallographic investigations of coating structures were done by microscope 'Neophot-24'. They have shown that the contact electric exploding caused the transfer of tungsten carbide and cobalt on the surface of high-speed steel. The breakdown of tungsten carbide--cobalt material took place during electrical exploding. The hardening layers of tungsten carbide and pure nanocrystalline tungsten have been formed upon the surface of high-speed steel as a result of electric exploding. Crystalline grains of tungsten have an almost spherical form and their characteristic size less than 400 nanometers. Micro hardness of the coating layers and high-speed steel structures was measured.

    Grigoryev, Evgeny G. [General Physics Department, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Kashirskoe sh. 31, Moscow, 115409 (Russian Federation)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    464

    Bamboo-like boron nitride nanotubes  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    ......Full-length paper Bamboo-like boron nitride nanotubes Renzhi Ma Yoshio Bando Tadao Sato To...305-0044, Japan Bamboo-like boron nitride nanotubes (BN-NTs), synthesized from melamine...the temperature gradient applied in the nanotube growth process was considered as the......

    Renzhi Ma; Yoshio Bando; Tadao Sato

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    465

    Coated U(Mo) Fuel: As-Fabricated Microstructures  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    As part of the development of low-enriched uranium fuels, fuel plates have recently been tested in the BR-2 reactor as part of the SELENIUM experiment. These fuel plates contained fuel particles with either Si or ZrN thin film coating (up to 1 µm thickness) around the U-7Mo fuel particles. In order to best understand irradiation performance, it is important to determine the starting microstructure that can be observed in as-fabricated fuel plates. To this end, detailed microstructural characterization was performed on ZrN and Si-coated U-7Mo powder in samples taken from AA6061-clad fuel plates fabricated at 500°C. Of interest was the condition of the thin film coatings after fabrication at a relatively high temperature. Both scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were employed. The ZrN thin film coating was observed to consist of columns comprised of very fine ZrN grains. Relatively large amounts of porosity could be found in some areas of the thin film, along with an enrichment of oxygen around each of the the ZrN columns. In the case of the pure Si thin film coating sample, a (U,Mo,Al,Si) interaction layer was observed around the U-7Mo particles. Apparently, the Si reacted with the U-7Mo and Al matrix during fuel plate fabrication at 500°C to form this layer. The microstructure of the formed layer is very similar to those that form in U-7Mo versus Al-Si alloy diffusion couples annealed at higher temperatures and as-fabricated U-7Mo dispersion fuel plates with Al-Si alloy matrix fabricated at 500°C.

    Emmanuel Perez; Dennis D. Keiser, Jr.; Ann Leenaers; Sven Van den Berghe; Tom Wiencek

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    466

    High-rate HMDSO-based coatings in open air using atmospheric-pressure plasma jet  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    This work deals with the high-rate and dust-free formation of carbon-containing silicon oxide (SiOC) coatings in open air without substrate heating using an atmospheric-pressure (AP) plasma jet. The AP plasma was excited by a 13.56-MHz radio frequency (RF) power. Hexamethyldisiloxane and oxygen (O2) were used as the source gases. By optimizing the O2 flow rate and RF power, SiOC films were readily fabricated at deposition rates higher than 100 nm/s without suffering from particulate contaminations of the film surface. Additionally, an inorganic SiO2-like film exhibiting O/Si atomic ratio of approximately 2 was obtained at a deposition rate of ~ 13 nm/s, the value of which is still greater than those obtained in other AP plasma sources. Further systematic studies are needed to see if good-quality inorganic SiO2-like films can be obtained with higher rates.

    H. Kakiuchi; K. Higashida; T. Shibata; H. Ohmi; T. Yamada; K. Yasutake

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    467

    Design of underwater superoleophobic TiO{sub 2} coatings with additional photo-induced self-cleaning properties by one-step route bio-inspired from fish scales  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Self-cleaning properties inspired by the structures and functions of some creatures are of great interest since the late 20th century. In this paper, TiO{sub 2} coatings with hierarchical rutile TiO{sub 2} flowers on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate are fabricated through a simple one-step hydrothermal method. The flower-like coatings exhibit superhydrophilicity in air and superoleophobicity underwater with a contact angle as high as 157°, presenting good underwater self-cleaning performance. In addition, when contaminated by oleic acid, the as-prepared TiO{sub 2} coatings also exhibit excellent photocatalytic capability under ultraviolet irradiation, which demonstrated self-cleaning properties in a different way. This self-cleaning film provides a good strategy for some industrial and ocean applications.

    Wang, Hao [Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials and Hubei Collaborative Innovation Centre for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Guo, Zhiguang, E-mail: zguo@licp.cas.cn [Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials and Hubei Collaborative Innovation Centre for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    468

    High temperature erosion and fatigue resistance of a detonation gun chromium carbide coating for steam turbines  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chromium carbide based detonation gun coatings have been shown to be capable of protecting steam turbine components from particle erosion. To be usable, however, erosion resistant coatings must not degrade the fatigue characteristics of the coated components. Recent studies of the fatigue properties of a detonation gun coated martensitic substrate at 538 C (1,000 F) will be presented with an emphasis on its long term performance. This study will show the retention of acceptable fatigue performance of coated substrates into the high cycle regime, and will include a discussion on the mechanism of fatigue.

    Quets, J.M.; Walsh, P.N. [Praxair Surface Technologies, Inc., Indianapolis, IN (United States); Srinivasan, V. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States); Tucker, R.C. Jr. [Praxair Surface Technologies, Inc., Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    469

    Electrically resistive coating for remediation (regeneration) of a diesel particulate filter and method  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A resistively heated diesel particulate filter (DPF). The resistively heated DPF includes a DPF having an inlet surface and at least one resistive coating on the inlet surface. The at least one resistive coating is configured to substantially maintain its resistance in an operating range of the DPF. The at least one resistive coating has a first terminal and a second terminal for applying electrical power to resistively heat up the at least one resistive coating in order to increase the temperature of the DPF to a regeneration temperature. The at least one resistive coating includes metal and semiconductor constituents.

    Phelps, Amanda C. (Malibu, CA); Kirby, Kevin K. (Calabasas Hills, CA); Gregoire, Daniel J. (Thousand Oaks, CA)

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    470

    Interface behavior study of WC92–Co8 coating produced by electrospark deposition  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    WC92–Co8 coating produced by electrospark deposition effectively improves the surface performance of the substrate. The behavior of the interface between the WC92–Co8 coating and the substrate is studied in this paper. The high-melting-point WC92–Co8 was deposited onto the surface of Ti alloy, and the coating was usually more than 50 ?m thick. The surface of the coating is mainly composed of TiC and W2C besides a small amount of W, and its micro hardness reaches HV1129. The coating dramatically improves the performance of the substrate.

    Wang Ruijun; Qian Yiyu; Liu Jun

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    471

    Characterization of Ceramic Plasma-Sprayed Coatings, and Interaction Studies Between U-Zr Fuel and Ceramic Coated Interface at an Elevated Temperature  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Candidate coating materials for re-usable metallic nuclear fuel crucibles, HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3, were plasma-sprayed onto niobium substrates. The coating microstructure and the thermal cycling behavior were characterized, and U-Zr melt interaction studies carried out. The Y2O3 coating layer had a uniform thickness and was well consolidated with a few small pores scattered throughout. While the HfN coating was not well consolidated with a considerable amount of porosity, but showed somewhat uniform thickness. Thermal cycling tests on the HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coatings showed good cycling characteristics with no interconnected cracks forming even after 20 cycles. Interaction studies done on the coated samples by dipping into a U-20wt.%Zr melt indicated that HfN and Y2O3 did not form significant reaction layers between the melt and the coating while the TiC and the ZrC coatings were significantly degraded. Y2O3 exhibited the most promising performance among HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coatings.

    Ki Hwan Kim; Chong Tak Lee; R. S. Fielding; J. R. Kennedy

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    472

    Development of Improved Models and Designs for Coated-Particle Gas Reactor Fuels (I-NERI Annual Report)  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The objective of this INERI project is to develop improved fuel behavior models for gas reactor coated particle fuels and to develop improved coated-particle fuel designs that can be used reliably at very high burnups and potentially in fast gas-cooled reactors. Thermomechanical, thermophysical, and physiochemical material properties data were compiled by both the US and the French and preliminary assessments conducted. Comparison between U.S. and European data revealed many similarities and a few important differences. In all cases, the data needed for accurate fuel performance modeling of coated particle fuel at high burnup were lacking. The development of the INEEL fuel performance model, PARFUME, continued from earlier efforts. The statistical model being used to simulate the detailed finite element calculations is being upgraded and improved to allow for changes in fuel design attributes (e.g. thickness of layers, dimensions of kernel) as well as changes in important material properties to increase the flexibility of the code. In addition, modeling of other potentially important failure modes such as debonding and asphericity was started. A paper on the status of the model was presented at the HTR-2002 meeting in Petten, Netherlands in April 2002, and a paper on the statistical method was submitted to the Journal of Nuclear Material in September 2002. Benchmarking of the model against Japanese and an older DRAGON irradiation are planned. Preliminary calculations of the stresses in a coated particle have been calculated by the CEA using the ATLAS finite element model. This model and the material properties and constitutive relationships will be incorporated into a more general software platform termed Pleiades. Pleiades will be able to analyze different fuel forms at different scales (from particle to fuel body) and also handle the statistical variability in coated particle fuel. Diffusion couple experiments to study Ag and Pd transport through SiC were conducted. Analysis and characterization of the samples continues. Two active transport mechanisms are proposed: diffusion in SiC and release through SiC cracks or another, as yet undetermined, path. Silver concentration profiles determined by XPS analysis suggest diffusion within the SiC layer, most likely dominated by grain boundary diffusion. However, diffusion coefficients calculated from mass loss measurements suggest a much faster release path, postulated as small cracks or flaws that provide open paths with little resistance to silver migration. Work is ongoing to identify and characterize this path. Work on Pd behavior has begun and will continue next year.

    Petti, David Andrew; Maki, John Thomas; Languille, Alain; Martin, Philippe; Ballinger, Ronald

    2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    473

    Development of nondestructive evaluation methods for ceramic coatings.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Various nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technologies are being developed to study the use of ceramic coatings on components in the hot-gas path of advanced low-emission gas-fired turbines. The types of ceramic coatings include thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) and environmental barrier coatings (EBCs). TBCs are under development for vanes, blades, and combustor liners to allow hotter gas-path temperatures, and EBCs are under development to reduce environmental damage to high-temperature components made of ceramic matrix composites. The NDE methods will be used to (a) provide data to assess the reliability of new coating application processes, (b) identify defective components that could cause unscheduled outages, (c) track growth rates of defects during component use in engines, and (d) allow rational judgment for replace/repair/re-use decisions regarding components. Advances in TBC application, both electron beam-physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) and air plasma spraying (APS), are allowing higher temperatures in the hot-gas path. However, as TBCs become ''prime reliant,'' their condition at scheduled or unscheduled outages must be known. NDE methods are under development to assess the condition of the TBC for pre-spall conditions. EB-PVD test samples with up to 70 thermal cycles have been studied by a newly developed method involving polarized laser back-scatter NDE. Results suggest a correlation between the NDE laser data and the TBC/bond-coat topography. This finding is important because several theories directed toward understanding the pre-spall condition suggest that the topography in the thermally grown oxide layer changes significantly as a function of the number of thermal cycles. Tests have also been conducted with this NDE method on APS TBCs. Results suggest that the pre-spall condition is detected for these coatings. One-sided, high-speed thermal imaging also has shown promise for NDE of APS coatings. Testing of SiC/SiC composites for combustor liners has demonstrated that environmental EBCs are required to reduce oxidation-induced recession rates. NDE technologies, primarily one-sided and through-thickness thermal imaging, are under development to detect delaminations and degradation of EBCs. Recent results have demonstrated that NDE thermal image data correctly detected pre-spall regions of a barium-strontium-alumino-silicate coating on melt-infiltrated SiC/SiC. The NDE data were verified with field test data from a combustor liner in a 4.5 MW(e) natural-gas-fired turbine. The shape of the spalled EBC region and the growth of the spalled EBC region after various engine run times were correlated with boroscope image data from field tests. An effort has recently been started to address NDE development for oxide/oxide ceramic composites with an EBC. We will discuss the NDE methods under development for TBCs, recent NDE test results from thermally cycled TBCs, NDE results from EBCs on SiC/SiC, and the new effort directed toward oxide/oxide materials.

    Ellingson, W. A.; Deemer, C.; Sun, J. G.; Erdman, S.; Muliere, D.; Wheeler, B.

    2002-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    474

    Wear-resistant coatings formed on Zircaloy-2 by plasma electrolytic oxidation in sodium aluminate electrolytes  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Plasma electrolytic oxidation of Zircaloy-2 has been investigated in dilute and concentrated aluminate electrolytes, under a pulsed-bipolar current regime, in order to develop coatings of high wear resistance. Coating growth kinetics, cell potential-time responses and discharging behaviours depend significantly on the electrolyte concentration. The coatings formed in dilute aluminate electrolyte reveal a three-layered structure, with pancake structures at the coating surfaces. “Soft sparks” occur during PEO in dilute aluminate electrolyte, causing a relatively fast growth of the inner layer and resulting in a large amount of alumina-enriched material beneath the pancake structures, and hence an increased wear resistance of the coating. In contrast, more homogenous coatings, free of pancakes, result with the concentrated electrolyte. The main phase in the coatings is t-ZrO2, with ?-Al2O3 also present in coatings formed in the latter electrolyte. The coatings formed in the concentrated electrolyte display a high wear resistance, even for thin coatings formed for short times, which is attributed to the relatively high alumina content of the coatings.

    Yingliang Cheng; Jinhui Cao; Zhaomei Peng; Qun Wang; E. Matykina; P. Skeldon; G.E. Thompson

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    475

    Progress Toward Meeting NIF Specifications for Vapor Deposited Polyimide Ablator Coatings  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We are developing an evaporative coating technique for deposition of thick polyimide (PI) ablator layers on ICF targets. The PI coating technique utilizes stoichiometrically controlled fluxes from two Knudsen cell evaporators containing a dianhydride and a diamine to deposit a polyamic acid (PAA) coating. Heating the PAA coating to 300 deg. C converts the PAA coating to a polyimide. Coated shells are rough due to particles on the substrate mandrels and from damage to the coating caused by the agitation used to achieve a uniform coating. We have developed a smoothing process that exposes an initially rough PAA coated shell to solvent vapor using gas levitation. We found that after smoothing the coatings developed a number of wide (low-mode) defects. We have identified two major contributors to low-mode roughness: surface hydrolysis, and deformation during drying/curing. By minimizing air exposure prior to vapor smoothing, avoiding excess solvent sorption during vapor smoothing, and using slow drying we are able to deposit and vapor smooth coatings 160 {mu}m thick with a surface roughness less than 20 nm RMS.

    Letts, Stephan A.; Anthamatten, Mitchell; Buckley, Steven R.; Fearon, Evelyn; Nissen, April E.H.; Cook, Robert C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

    2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    476

    Edge coating apparatus with movable roller applicator for solar cell substrates  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A non-contact edge coating apparatus includes an applicator for applying a coating material on an edge of a solar cell substrate and a control system configured to drive the applicator. The control system may drive the applicator along an axis to maintain a distance with an edge of the substrate as the substrate is rotated to have the edge coated with a coating material. The applicator may include a recessed portion into which the edge of the substrate is received for edge coating. For example, the applicator may be a roller with a groove. Coating material may be introduced into the groove for application onto the edge of the substrate. A variety of coating materials may be employed with the apparatus including hot melt ink and UV curable plating resist.

    Pavani, Luca; Abas, Emmanuel

    2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    477

    Fabrication and Performance of Ni-YSZ Anode Supported Cell for Coal Derived Syngas Application by Tape Casting and Spin Coating  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni-YSZ anode supported cell has been developed for direct utilization of coal derived syngas as fuel in the temperature range of 700-850° C. The porous Ni-YSZ anode substrate was prepared based on processes of slip casting and lamination of anode tape. Then thin-film YSZ electrolyte was deposited on pre-sintered anode substrate via a colloidal spin coating technique and an optimized final sintering route. Dense and crackfree YSZ electrolyte was successfully obtained after sintering at 1440C for 4hrs. Processing factors like pre-sintering of anode, solvent, coating cycles and sintering route on the final properties of YSZ film was studied. A power density of 0.62W/cm2 has been achieved for the anode supported cell tested in 97%H2/3%H2O at 800°C. EIS test results indicated the cell performance was essentially influenced by interfacial resistance and charge transfer process.

    Gong, Mingyang (West Virginia U., Morgantown WV); Jiang, Yinglu (West Virginia U., Morgantown WV); Johnson, C.D.; Xingbo, Liu (West Virginia U., Morgantown WV)

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    478

    Interconversion of Brucite-like and Hydrotalcite-like Phases in Cobalt Hydroxide Compounds  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Interconversion of Brucite-like and Hydrotalcite-like Phases in Cobalt Hydroxide Compounds ... While ?-Co(OH)2 is prepared with short-aging in nitrogen atmosphere, this divalent metal (Co2+) hydrotalcite-like phase transforms into brucite-like ?-Co(OH)2 under prolonged aging in nitrogen. ... 1-11 In their simplest structure, brucite-like phases form a close-packed array in which a divalent metal cation is located in an octahedral site generated by six hydroxyl oxygen atoms. ...

    Z. P. Xu; H. C. Zeng

    1998-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    479

    Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrodeposited Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects H. McCrabb * , T. Hall * , J. Wu # , H. Zhang # , X. Liu # , E.J. Taylor * * Faraday Technology Inc., 315 Huls Dr., Clayton, OH 45315, USA # West Virginia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Eng.ESB, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA Overall Objective Overall Objective Principal Investigator: Heather McCrabb, Company Name: Faraday Technology, Inc., Address: 315 Huls Drive, Clayton, OH 45315, Phone: 937-836-7749, E-mail: heathermccrabb@faradaytechnology.com, Company website: faradaytechnology.com Previous Work at WVU Results Develop an inexpensive manufacturing process for depositing (Mn,Co) 3 O 4 spinel coatings onto SOFC interconnects. Introduction The decrease in the SOFC operating temperatures from 1000°C to between 650 and 850°C has enabled the use of chromia-forming ferritic stainless steels as interconnects

    480

    Design considerations for multilayer coated Schwarzschild objectives for the XUV  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The performance of multilayer-coated Schwarzschild objectives, and similar near normal incidence soft x-ray focussing systems, can be affected by the changing angles of incidence for different rays and possible variations in multilayer period across the curved mirror surfaces. A design analysis which considers these issues is presented, using as an example a 20 times demagnifying Schwarzschild objective coated with molybdenum/silicon multilayers for operation at roughly 76 eV. The large bandwidth of these multilayers eases requirements on control of the variation of the d-spacing for the systems considered. Implications for extension to similar systems operating with different magnifications, sizes, and photon energies are discussed. 12 refs., 5 figs.

    Kortright, J.B.; Underwood, J.H.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "likes sh coatings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    481

    Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFCOs) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, [1] T-11M, [2] and FT-U. [3] Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. [4] The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

    Kaita, R; Ahn, J -W; Allain, J P; Bell, M G; Bell, R; Boedo, J; Bush, C; Mansfield, D; Menard, J; Mueller, D; Ono, M; Paul, S; Raman, R; Roquemore, A L; Ross, P W; Sabbagh, S; Schneider, H; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V; Stevenson, T; Stotler, D; Timberlake, J; Wampler, W R; Wilgen, J B

    2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    482

    Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFC's) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, T-11M, and FT-U. Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

    Kaita, R

    2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    483

    Advanced Hot Section Materials and Coatings Test Rig  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phase I of the Hyperbaric Advanced Hot Section Materials & Coating Test Rig Program has been successfully completed. Florida Turbine Technologies has designed and planned the implementation of a laboratory rig capable of simulating the hot gas path conditions of coal gas fired industrial gas turbine engines. Potential uses of this rig include investigations into environmental attack of turbine materials and coatings exposed to syngas, erosion, and thermal-mechanical fatigue. The principle activities during Phase 1 of this project included providing several conceptual designs for the test section, evaluating various syngas-fueled rig combustor concepts, comparing the various test section concepts and then selecting a configuration for detail design. Conceptual definition and requirements of auxiliary systems and facilities were also prepared. Implementation planning also progressed, with schedules prepared and future project milestones defined. The results of these tasks continue to show rig feasibility, both technically and economically.

    Dan Davis

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    484

    Laser assisted high entropy alloy coating on aluminum: Microstructural evolution  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    High entropy alloy (Al-Fe-Co-Cr-Ni) coatings were synthesized using laser surface engineering on aluminum substrate. Electron diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of solid solution of body centered cubic high entropy alloy phase along with phases with long range periodic structures within the coating. Evolution of such type of microstructure was a result of kinetics associated with laser process, which generates higher temperatures and rapid cooling resulting in retention of high entropy alloy phase followed by reheating and/or annealing in subsequent passes of the laser track giving rise to partial decomposition. The partial decomposition resulted in formation of precipitates having layered morphology with a mixture of high entropy alloy rich phases, compounds, and long range ordered phases.

    Katakam, Shravana; Joshi, Sameehan S.; Mridha, Sanghita; Mukherjee, Sundeep; Dahotre, Narendra B., E-mail: Narendra.Dahotre@unt.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of North Texas, 1150 Union Circle, 305310 Denton, Texas 76203-5017 (United States)

    2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    485

    Superhydrophobic coated apparatus for liquid purification by evaporative condensation  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Disclosed are examples of apparatuses for evaporative purification of a contaminated liquid. In each example, there is a first vessel for storing the contaminated fluid. The first vessel includes a surface coated with a layer of superhydrophobic material and the surface is at least partially in contact with the contaminated liquid. The contaminants do not adhere to the surface as the purified liquid evaporates, thus simplifying maintenance of the apparatus.

    Simpson, John T; McNeany, Steve R; Dinsmore, Thomas V; Hunter, Scott R; Ivanov, Ilia N

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    486

    Microscopic analysis of irradiated AGR-1 coated particle fuel compacts  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The AGR-1 experiment involved irradiation of 72 TRISO-coated particle fuel compacts to a peak compact-average burnup of 19.5% FIMA with no in-pile failures observed out of 3 x 105 total particles. Irradiated AGR-1 fuel compacts have been cross-sectioned and analyzed with optical microscopy to characterize kernel, buffer, and coating behavior. Six compacts have been examined, spanning a range of irradiation conditions (burnup, fast fluence, and irradiation temperature) and including all four TRISO coating variations irradiated in the AGR-1 experiment. The cylindrical specimens were sectioned both transversely and longitudinally, then polished to expose from 36 to 79 individual particles near midplane on each mount. The analysis focused primarily on kernel swelling and porosity, buffer densification and fracturing, buffer–IPyC debonding, and fractures in the IPyC and SiC layers. Characteristic morphologies have been identified, 981 particles have been classified, and spatial distributions of particle types have been mapped. No significant spatial patterns were discovered in these cross sections. However, some trends were found between morphological types and certain behavioral aspects. Buffer fractures were found in 23% of the particles, and these fractures often resulted in unconstrained kernel protrusion into the open cavities. Fractured buffers and buffers that stayed bonded to IPyC layers appear related to larger pore size in kernels. Buffer–IPyC interface integrity evidently factored into initiation of rare IPyC fractures. Fractures through part of the SiC layer were found in only four classified particles, all in conjunction with IPyC–SiC debonding. Compiled results suggest that the deliberate coating fabrication variations influenced the frequencies of IPyC fractures and IPyC–SiC debonds.

    Scott A. Ploger; Paul A. Demkowicz; John D. Hunn; Jay S. Kehn

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    487

    Rating underground pipeline tape and shrink sleeve coating systems  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A rating system was developed for several coating types used for underground pipeline systems. Consideration included soil stress, adhesion, surface preparation, cathodic protection (CP) shielding, CP requirements, handling and construction, repair, field joint system, bends and other components, and the application process. Polyethylene- and polyvinyl chloride-backed tapes, woven polyolefin geotextile fabric (WGF)-backed tapes, hot-applied tapes, petrolatum- and wax-based tapes, and shrink sleeves were evaluated. WGF-backed tapes had the highest rating.

    Norsworthy, R.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    488

    Using sputter coated glass to stabilize microstrip gas chambers  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    By sputter coating a thin-layer of low-resistive, electronically-conductive glass on various substrates (including quartz and ceramics, thin-film Pestov glass), microstrip gas chambers (MSGC) of high gain stability, low leakage current, and a high rate capability can be fabricated. This design can make the choice of substrate less important, save the cost of ion-implantation, and use less glass material.

    Gong, Wen G. (Albany, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    489

    Boron containing multilayer coatings and method of fabrication  

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hard coatings are fabricated from multilayer boron/boron carbide, boron carbide/cubic boron nitride, and boron/boron nitride/boron carbide, and the fabrication thereof involves magnetron sputtering in a selected atmosphere. These hard coatings may be applied to tools and engine and other parts, as well to reduce wear on tribological surfaces and electronic devices. These boron coatings contain no morphological growth features. For example, the boron and boron carbide used in forming the multilayers are formed in an inert (e.g. argon) atmosphere, while the cubic boron nitride is formed in a reactive (e.g. nitrogen) atmosphere. The multilayer boron/boron carbide, and boron carbide/cubic boron nitride is produced by depositing alternate layers of boron, cubic boron nitride or boron carbide, with the alternate layers having a thickness of 1 nanometer to 1 micrometer, and at least the interfaces of the layers may be of a discrete or a blended or graded composition. 6 figs.

    Makowiecki, D.M.; Jankowski, A.F.

    1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    490

    The use of nanoclay in preparation of epoxy anticorrosive coatings  

    Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

    Abstract Epoxy/clay nanocomposites (NC) have become a very interesting topic among researchers in the past two decades because nanoclays have a positive effect on the mechanical, thermal and especially barrier and anticorrosive performances of the polymers. In this study epoxy \\{NCs\\} and NC-based epoxy coatings were prepared by the solution intercalation method using Cloisite 30B as nanoclay. WAXD and SEM analyses revealed that a mainly exfoliated structure was obtained in epoxy NC with 1 wt% clay content, while higher clay loadings reduced the number of exfoliated clay nanolayers and produced a mainly intercalated structure. EIS, TGA and DMA analyses showed that epoxy \\{NCs\\} with clay content below 5 wt% exhibited increased corrosion stability, thermal stability, glass transition temperature (Tg) and storage modulus (G?), in both glassy and rubbery states due to the nanoscale dispersion of Cloisite 30B and the barrier effect of individual nanolayers. Enhanced mechanical properties were also noticed at higher clay loadings, but the rate of improvement was lower. The highest extent of exfoliation and the most homogeneous macromolecular network was found for NC with 1 wt% of clay, leading to the highest improvement of thermal and anticorrosive properties. The salt spray test results showed that anticorrosive properties of epoxy coatings in the presence of 3 wt% and especially 1 wt% of Cloisite 30B were significantly better, thus indicating that nanoclay efficiently modifies the commercial epoxy coatings.

    Miloš D. Tomi?; Branko Dunji?; Violeta Liki?; Jelena Bajat; Jelena Rogan; Jasna Djonlagi?

    </