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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Waste reduction through consumer education. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Reduction through Consumer Education research project was conducted to determine how environmental educational strategies influence purchasing behavior in the supermarket. The objectives were to develop, demonstrate, and evaluate consumer education strategies for waste reduction. The amount of waste generated by packaging size and form, with an adjustment for local recyclability of waste, was determined for 14 product categories identified as having more waste generating and less waste generating product choices (a total of 484 products). Using supermarket scan data and shopper identification numbers, the research tracked the purchases of shoppers in groups receiving different education treatments for 9 months. Statistical tests applied to the purchase data assessed patterns of change between the groups by treatment period. Analysis of the data revealed few meaningful statistical differences between study groups or changes in behavior over time. Findings suggest that broad brush consumer education about waste reduction is not effective in changing purchasing behaviors in the short term. However, it may help create a general awareness of the issues surrounding excess packaging and consumer responsibility. The study concludes that the answer to waste reduction in the future may be a combination of voluntary initiatives by manufacturers and retailers, governmental intervention, and better-informed consumers.

Harrison, E.Z.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Simulation study on lignite-fired power system integrated with flue gas drying and waste heat recovery – Performances under variable power loads coupled with off-design parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lignite is a kind of low rank coal with high moisture content and low net heating value, which is mainly used for electric power generation. However, the thermal efficiency of power plants firing lignite directly is very low. Pre-drying is a proactive option, dehydrating raw lignite to raise its heating value, to improve the power plant thermal efficiency. A pre-dried lignite-fired power system integrated with boiler flue gas drying and waste heat recovery was proposed in this paper. The plant thermal efficiency could be improved by 1.51% at benchmark condition due to pre-drying and waste heat recovery. The main system performances under variable power loads were simulated and analyzed. Simulation results show that the improvement of plant thermal efficiency reduced to 1.36% at 50% full load. Moreover, the influences of drying system off-design parameters were simulated coupled with power loads. The variation tendencies of main system parameters were obtained. The influence of pre-drying degree (including moisture content of pre-dried lignite and raw lignite) on the plant thermal efficiency diminishes gradually with the decreasing power load. The dryer thermal efficiency and dryer exhaust temperature are also main factors and the influences on system parameters have been quantitatively analyzed.

Xiaoqu Han; Ming Liu; Jinshi Wang; Junjie Yan; Jiping Liu; Feng Xiao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Pelletizing lignite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignite is formed into high strength pellets having a calorific value of at least 9,500 Btu/lb by blending a sufficient amount of an aqueous base bituminous emulsion with finely-divided raw lignite containing its inherent moisture to form a moistened green mixture containing at least 3 weight % of the bituminous material, based on the total dry weight of the solids, pelletizing the green mixture into discrete green pellets of a predetermined average diameter and drying the green pellets to a predetermined moisture content, preferrably no less than about 5 weight %. Lignite char and mixture of raw lignite and lignite char can be formed into high strength pellets in the same general manner.

Goksel, Mehmet A. (Houghton, MI)

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Potential for selenium migration at a lignite power plant solid waste disposal facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

may also adsorb selenite, although in relatively minor amounts. In general, clays serve as an inert substrate for media of higher sorbic potential. Selenium leached from lignite ash initially occurs as selenite or selenate. Redox and p...H measurements suggest selenite and elemental selenium are the only forms of inorganic selenium stable at the study site, Selenate is reduced to selenite or converted to selenide by biosynthesis. Selenite is either adsorbed by the soil or converted...

Hall, Steven Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Hydrogeology of a proposed surface lignite mine, southwestern Harrison County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and supply mine-mouth electric generating stations (Kaiser, 1974). In addition, other large energy-consuming industries and industries that utilize lignite as a chemical raw material can also be expected to place opera- tions near lignite reserves (Hirsch... and supply mine-mouth electric generating stations (Kaiser, 1974). In addition, other large energy-consuming industries and industries that utilize lignite as a chemical raw material can also be expected to place opera- tions near lignite reserves (Hirsch...

Charles, Robert John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

6

Microbial solubilization of lignites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biological solubilization and subsequent gasification of lignite samples from three of the largest reserves in this country, which are also characterized by high sulphur contents and low calorific values, were investigated in this project. Several white-rot fungi were screened for their ability to solubilize lignites and Phanerochaete chrysosporium was found to depolymerize Elbistan lignites with 60% efficiency. Acetate served perfectly as the primary carbon source. Whereas, Çan lignites could be depolymerized only after lengthy pre-treatment with 8N HNO3 while Beypazari lignites were completely inert to biological attack. Gasification tests with the solubilize material revealed 21% energy recovery through gaseous methane product.

Celal F Gokcay; Nazif Kolankaya; Filiz B Dilek

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Consumer perspectives on household hazardous waste management in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give an overview of the management systems of household hazardous waste (HHW) in Japan and discuss the management systems and their...

Misuzu Asari; Shin-ichi Sakai

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Lignite industry in Greece within a world context: Mining, energy supply and environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today coal covers 38% of global production and roughly 30% of the EU-25 power output. In 2005 domestic lignite with a share of 60.5% in power generation and accounting about 30% of primary energy consumption is currently the most important indigenous fuel of Greece. Greece, mining 70 Mt annually, is the second lignite producer in the EU and fourth in the world. Approximately 97% of the lignite used to supply the existing lignite-fired power plants of Greece is mined by Public Power Corporation S.A. (PPC). Lignite as the base load fuel gives a competitive strength in PPC's and Greece's fuel mix. Due to lignite consumer prices in Greece are significantly below those in other comparable markets in EU-15. Extraction of lignite has a very long tradition. Significant achievements and large experience which has been gained during many years of mining operations place Greek lignite-mining industry in the leading position in Europe. The paper presents current state of Greek lignite industry, including operating mines, volume of production and other important production indicators as well as improvements in labor productivity and good results in industrial safety. The future of coal and specifically of Greek lignite will be crucially determined by environmentally compatible, i.e. low-CO2 generation of electricity. Investment in modernization and renewal of the power plant fleet are the key to securing electricity supply and progress in preventing climate change.

Konstantinos Kavouridis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Lignite oxidative desulphurization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coal is a feedstock for the production of 30.3 % of primary energy (hard coal – 28.5 % and lignite – 1.8 %) and 42 % ... Such tendency is caused by the considerable coal reserves exceeding other reserves of n...

Volodymyr Gunka; Serhiy Pyshyev

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

APP, a new binder for briquetting lignites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey has considerable lignite reserves that are mainly used as domestic fuel without processing. The lignite weathers and degrades easily and much is lost as dust before it reaches the consumer; furthermore, in combustion fine particles can cause air pollution. Since briquetting can eliminate many of these existing problems, it is of special importance. Binderless briquetting is always preferred when possible, since it is less complicated and less expensive, but Turkish lignites usually require a binder to obtain reasonable briquettes and various binders can be used for this purpose. In this work, atactic polypropylene (APP), a by-product of the polypropylene (PP) plant of Petkim Petrochemicals A.S. and emulsions of partially oxidized APP prepared by the research centre of the company, were used as binders, with different types of briquetting techniques. Studies on a laboratory scale were carried out to determine optimum parameters of briquetting; binder content, water content, pressure and temperature of heat treatment. Shatter and water resistance tests were carried out on briquettes obtained under different conditions. APP appears to have many advantages, and none of the disadvantages of other commercial binders such as tar, bitumen, molasses, sulphide liquor and clay. Furthermore, unlike other plastics that cause difficulties in briquetting and have high manufacturing costs, APP, particularly in emulsion, can easily be used as a binder and is relatively cheap. However, a production unit would be required to prepare the relevant modified APP emulsion for its extended usage.

O. Orhan Kural; Tunc Savasci; Sinasi Eskikaya

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

NETL: News Release - More Electricity, Lower Emissions from Lignite Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

25, 2004 25, 2004 More Electricity, Lower Emissions from Lignite Plants Are Goals of New Clean Coal Project Fuel Enhancement System Expected to Boost Generating Capacities WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced the testing of the Lignite Fuel Enhancement System, a new process that could dramatically reduce air emissions from certain coal-based power plants while boosting overall generating capacity. The project, conducted by Great River Energy, is expected to boost the generating capacity and efficiency of power plants that burn high-moisture lignite coal, thereby reducing air pollutants and greenhouse gases. The new technology uses waste heat to dry nearly a quarter of the moisture in the coal before it is fed into the power plant boiler.

12

Lignite Fuel Enhancement  

SciTech Connect

This 11th quarterly Technical Progress Report for the Lignite Fuel Enhancement Project summarizes activities from January 1st through March 31st of 2007. It summarizes the completion of the Prototype testing activity and initial full-scale dryer design, Budget Period 2 activity during that time period. The Design Team completed process design and layouts of air, water, and coal systems. Heyl-Patterson completed dryer drawings and has sent RFPs to several fabricators for build and assembly. Several meetings were held with Barr engineers to finalize arrangement of the drying, air jig, and coal handling systems. Honeywell held meetings do discuss the control system logic and hardware location. By the end of March we had processed nearly 300,000 tons of lignite through the dryer. Outage preparation maintenance activities on a coal transfer hopper restricted operation of the dryer in February and March. The Outage began March 17th. We will not dry coal again until early May when the Outage on Unit No.2 completes. The Budget Period 1 (Phase 1) final report was submitted this quarter. Comments were received from NETL and are being reviewed. The Phase 2 Project Management Plan was submitted to NETL in January 2007. This deliverable also included the Financing Plan. An application for R&D 100 award was submitted in February. The project received an award from the Minnesota Professional Engineering Society's Seven Wonders of Engineering Award and Minnesota ACEC Grand Award in January. To further summarize, the focus this quarter has been on finalizing commercial design and the layout of four dryers behind each Unit. The modification to the coal handling facilities at Coal Creek and incorporation of air jigs to further beneficiate the segregated material the dryers will reject 20 to 30 % of the mercury and sulfur is segregated however this modification will recover the carbon in that stream.

Charles Bullinger

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

13

Lignite-fired thermal power plants and SO2 pollution in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

About 80% of the electric energy production in Turkey is provided by thermal power plants which use fossil fuels. Lignite, the most abundant domestic energy source, is consumed in most of these plants. Turkey has approximately 0.85% of the world's lignite reserves; however, the Turkish lignites have low calorific value and contain relatively higher amounts of ash, moisture, and sulfur. Nearly 80% of the lignite mined in Turkey is consumed in the thermal power plants since it is not appropriate for use in other types of industry and heating. In Turkey, 13 large-scale lignite-fired thermal power plants are responsible for a considerable amount of air pollution. Therefore, it is crucial to decide on the optimal place and technology for the future thermal power plants, and to equip the currently operating plants with newer technologies that will reduce amount of contaminants released into the air. In this study, the effects of the lignite-fired thermal power plants which have an important place in the energy politics in Turkey on the air pollution are investigated. We focused on SO2 pollution and the regions in which the SO2 emissions were concentrated and diffused. The pollutant diffusion areas were projected and mapped based on parameters such as wind data, isotherm curves, population density, and topographic features by using Geographical Information System (GIS) software, ArcView. The contribution of the thermal power plants to SO2 pollution was also examined.

Nuriye Peker Say

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Lignite Fuel Enhancement  

SciTech Connect

The Design Team continues to conference this quarter albeit not as often. Primary focus this quarter is the continued procurement of material, receiving, and construction/installation. Phase 1 extension recommendation, and subsequent new project estimate. Forms 424 and 4600 were submitted to Ms. Zysk. The NETL technology team subsequently agreed that the increase is justified and made their recommendation to DOE HQ. All major mechanical equipment was delivered this quarter. Three hot water in-bed coils are all that remains for delivery. Two of the five are installed above the dryer air distribution bed. The dryer, baghouse, bucket elevator, control room, exhaust fan, process ductwork, and piping have all been installed. The mezzanine level over the inlet ductwork for access to the dryer was installed. Instrumentation was delivered and locations were identified. Cable is being pulled and connections made from the Control Room to the Motor Control Center. ''Emergency Stop'' equipment logic conditions were discussed and finalized. The functional description was competed and reviewed with Honeywell Controls. Piping & Instrument diagrams are completed. Some electrical schematics have been delivered for equipment south of Q-line. Dry & Wet coal conveyors are not completed. The exhaust chimney was installed. An Open House and ribbon cutting took place on August 9th. GRE project manager gave a presentation of the technology. Joe Strakey, NETL, also spoke. The Open House was attended by Governor Hoevon and Senator Conrad who also spoke about Clean Coal and helped kick-off Blue Flint ethanol and a potential Liquefaction plant. The deign team met the following day to discuss test plan and progress update. Headwaters Energy Incorporated also attended the Open House. A meeting was conducted with them to begin planning for the marketing and finalize our memorandum of understanding. Headwaters still plans to contact all US lignite plants and all bituminous plants who have switched to PRB. Major pieces of equipment received this quarter included the Dryer, Exhaust Fan, additional duct work, and control cabinets.

Charles Bullinger

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

15

Pyrolysis of Hailar lignite in an autogenerated steam agent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite is an abundant and relatively inexpensive resource...1...]. China has about 211.8 billion tons-lignite reserve, in which ~200 billion tons are...2, 3]. The characteristics of lignite include low carbon co...

Haojie Gao; Yuezhao Zhu; Feng Fu; Hao Wu…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A novel lignite pre-drying system with low-grade heat integration for modern lignite power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite accounts for 40 % of the global coal reserves, and its long term future is predicated...1]. In China, where lignite resources exceed 130 billion tons, it is...2]. As the low-rank coal, lignite generally f...

Cheng Xu; Gang Xu; Yu Han; Feifei Liang; Yaxiong Fang…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

ccpi-lignite | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Clean Coal Power Initiative Power Plant Improvement Initiative Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program FutureGen Lignite Fuel...

18

Lignite-based nitrogenous fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

A sample of lignite from Elbistan was oxidized by nitric acid in two stages, using relatively dilute acid in the first stage and concentrated acid in the second stage, and then the oxidized product was ammoniated so that a coal-based fertilizer could be produced. The experiments of all the stages were designed by a 1/2 X full factorial design. It was observed that base exchange capacity and nitrogen content of coal-based fertilizers produced in this work were as good as or better than those obtained by other investigators.

Baris, H.; Dincer, S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

COFIRING BIOMASS WITH LIGNITE COAL  

SciTech Connect

The University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center, in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) biomass cofiring program, completed a Phase 1 feasibility study investigating aspects of cofiring lignite coal with biomass relative to utility-scale systems, specifically focusing on a small stoker system located at the North Dakota State Penitentiary (NDSP) in Bismarck, North Dakota. A complete biomass resource assessment was completed, the stoker was redesigned to accept biomass, fuel characterization and fireside modeling tests were performed, and an engineering economic analysis was completed. In general, municipal wood residue was found to be the most viable fuel choice, and the modeling showed that fireside problems would be minimal. Experimental ash deposits from firing 50% biomass were found to be weaker and more friable compared to baseline lignite coal. Experimental sulfur and NO{sub x} emissions were reduced by up to 46%. The direct costs savings to NDSP, from cogeneration and fuel saving, results in a 15- to 20-year payback on a $1,680,000 investment, while the total benefits to the greater community would include reduced landfill burden, alleviation of fees for disposal by local businesses, and additional jobs created both for the stoker system as well as from the savings spread throughout the community.

Darren D. Schmidt

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The natural radioactivity contents in feed coals from the lignite-fired power plants in Western Anatolia, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......mineral matter contents than other Tertiary coals. Therefore, they have been consumed...total capacity of 1680 MW. The Soma coal basin is one of the largest economic lignite basins of western Turkey. Coal mining has been practised in this region......

N. Füsun Çam; Günseli Yaprak; Elif Eren

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Study on Combustion Characteristics of Lignite in a CFB Boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shortage of coal promotes the lignite utility in power plant because of the rapid economy development recently. However, lignite is high in moisture content as well as volatile content and low in calorific va...

J. Leng; T. S. Zou; J. X. Wu; C. Jiang…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Mitsubishi FGD plants for lignite fired boilers  

SciTech Connect

In order to respond to the increasing electric energy demand for sustaining economic growth, construction of coal-fired thermal power plants worldwide is indispensable. As a countermeasure for environmental pollution which otherwise may reach a serious proportion from the operation of these plants, construction of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) plants is being promoted. Among these power stations where lignite fuel is burnt, the FGD plants concerned have to be designed to cope with high gas volume and SO{sub x} concentration as well as violent fluctuations in their values caused by such features of lignite as high sulfur content, low calorific volume, and unstable properties. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) has received construction awards for a total of seven (7) FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers in succession starting from that for CEZ as, Czech Republic followed by those for EGAT, Thailand in 1993. All these plants are presently operating satisfactorily since successful completion of their performance tests in 1996. Further, a construction award of three (3) more FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers was received from ENDESA (Spain) in 1995 which are now being outfitted and scheduled to start commercial operation in 1998. In this paper, the authors discuss the outline design of FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers based on experience of FGD plants constructed since 1970 for heavy oil--as well as black coal-fired boilers, together with items confirmed from the operation and design guideline hereafter.

Kotake, Shinichiro; Okazoe, Kiyoshi; Iwashita, Koichiro; Yajima, Satoru

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Properties of Upgraded Shengli Lignite and Its Behavior for Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-rank coals (LRCs, i.e., brown coal and lignite) have an estimated proportion of 45% of the world’s coal reserves and constitute a significant resource for both energy and chemical feedstocks. ... (10)Figure 15 shows the calculating results of reactivity parameters (Rmax, Rave, and R) for SL lignite and different upgraded lignites obtained by isothermal upgrading. ...

Xianjun Yang; Cheng Zhang; Peng Tan; Tao Yang; Qingyan Fang; Gang Chen

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

24

Radon concentrations in three underground lignite mines in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......being operated by the Aegean Lignite Enterprise (Ege Linyitleri...determined in three underground lignite mines, namely Tuncbilek...which is the main state body of lignite coal production, processing...of TKi. GLi Tuncbilek coal reserve, which is located on the mid-west......

S. Çile; N. Altinsoy; N. Çelebi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A study of pyrolysis of Texas lignites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Values. 15 8 Tar Composition g Coal Properties, . 10 Theoretical Gasification Results 11 Chromatograph Program. Pa&ac 17 26 27 28 44 46 47 48 50 51 56 INTRODUCTION As national interest develops 1n fuels other than oil and natural... gasification of the lignite in-situ. The Soviet Union has studied this method and has built several facilities to burn lignite underground. The gases produced from this process are used to prov1de power for a steel m111 in the Urals. At various times 2...

Clark, Robert A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Trace element analysis of Texas lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or in the planning stages, Near surface lignite re- sources are estimated to be 21 billion metric tons in Texas, while deep basin reserves are estimated at 31 billion metric tons. Near (3] surface reserves alone could fulfill Texas' electrical needs for 100 years... or in the planning stages, Near surface lignite re- sources are estimated to be 21 billion metric tons in Texas, while deep basin reserves are estimated at 31 billion metric tons. Near (3] surface reserves alone could fulfill Texas' electrical needs for 100 years...

Mahar, Sean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Selective mining of multiple-layer lignite deposits. A fuzzy approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the development and the application of a fuzzy expert system for the evaluation of the exploitable reserves of multiple-layer lignite deposits, mined by continuous surface methods, is presented. The exploitable reserves are determined decisively by the structure of these deposits, as well as by the limitations of the used mining systems. In practice, thin layers of lignite and interbedded waste layers are grouped under specified assumptions regarding thickness and ash content, to form the exploitable blocks. Moreover, the decision for excavating such a block is made under subjective constraints of different importance, or by using uncertain data. Advances in fuzzy inference systems (FIS) have provided a new approach to the evaluation of multiple-layer lignite deposits. FIS have the ability to handle imprecise, incomplete or linguistically ambiguous information and incorporate them into decision-making processes. In the developed FIS (Mamdani type) new linguistic variables, related to working conditions, operators’ experience and production were involved. The FIS was used for the estimation of the exploitable reserves of the Southern Field lignite deposit, located in the area of Ptolemais (Greece).

Michael Galetakis; Anthoula Vasiliou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Improving the technology of creating water-coal fuel from lignites  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the preparation of coal-water fuel slurries from lignite. The heat of combustion as related to the preparation of the lignite was investigated. The hydrobarothermal processing of suspensions of lignites was studied in autoclaves.

Gorlov, E.G.; Golovin, G.S.; Zotova, O.V. [Rossiiskaya Akadeiya, Nauk (Russian Federation)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Microsoft Word - LB-Lignite.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Name Organization E-Mail Darin Damiani, U.S. Department of Energy, Darin.Damiani@netl.doe.gov Principal Investigator Edward Steadman Field Test Information: Field Test Name Lignite in North Dakota Field Validation Test Test Location Section 36-T159N-R90W in Burke County, North Dakota Amount and Source of CO 2 Tons Less than 500 tons for the project Source Commercial source - Praxair Flatland Exploration Company, subsidiary of Fischer Oil and Gas ND State Land Department Eagle Operating, Inc. Schlumberger Field Test Partners (Primary Sponsors) Praxair Summary of Field Test Site and Operations: CO 2 in an Unminable Lignite Seam - The site for the pilot-scale CO 2 sequestration-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) project operated by the Energy & Environmental Research Center is

30

A study of uranium in South Texas lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. First, a large proven reserve of lignites is known to exist, Secondly, lignites contain a high percentage of water, so that transportation over any distance is not cost efficient. Thus, it must be burned near the mine, and this is easily done.... First, a large proven reserve of lignites is known to exist, Secondly, lignites contain a high percentage of water, so that transportation over any distance is not cost efficient. Thus, it must be burned near the mine, and this is easily done...

Ilger, Wayne Arthur

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria M. Stefanova, O. Maman, B, Orleans Cedex 2, France Abstract Contents of preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes were determined. Phenol aldehydes, ketones and acids released from lignin by CuO oxidative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

Two and three dimensional analysis of a slope failure in a lignite mine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With about 9.3 billion tons of reserve, lignite is a major source for energy production in Turkey. The Afsin-Elbistan lignite basin, containing 47% of the overall lignite reserve in Turkey, lies in the Afsin and Elbistan districts as a part of Kahramanmaras. ... Keywords: Lignite mine, Numerical modeling, Slope failures, Slope stability analysis

Levent Tutluoglu; Ibrahim Ferid ÖGe; Celal Karpuz

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Effect of Demineralization on Product Yield and Composition at Isothermal Pyrolysis of Eynez Lignites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey has approximately 0.85% of the world’s lignite reserves. ... Turkey, especially in the Tuncbilek and Soma regions, has an estimated reserve of 8.4 billion tones. ... The effects of the treatment on certain structural components of the lignites varied from lignite to lignite. ...

Murat Sert; Levent Ballice; Mithat Yu?ksel; Mehmet Sag?lam

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hydrogeology of a reclaimed Central Texas lignite mine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Geographically, these occur in relatively long thin strips referred to as the lignite belt (fig, 1). Exploration has extended through this entire area, and most of the 1, 000, 000 acres, where known shallow lignite reserves are present, have already been... in Texas (after Kaiser, 1974). suggests that large areas of Texas will be affected by surface mining. Eighty percent of the surface mineable lignite reserves occur in the Wilcox Group, part of a major aquifer system in I'exas (fig. 2). In order...

Pepper, Gail Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Evaluation of ground-water quality impacts of lignite waste disposal at a Texas lignite mine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be responsible for the high degree of selen1um attenuation 1s adsorption of the element by amorphous iron and alum1num ox1des and organic matter abundant in the clay soils of the study area. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the members of my thes1s.... LABORATORY DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENT INVESTIGATION . . Methods. Preliminary Evaluation Mechanism of Selenium Attenuation. Freundlich Isotherm. . Control Batch Tests Distribution Coefficient Dependence on Soil Type. . . . . Distribution Coefficient...

Green, Deborah Joan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Geotechnical characterization of lignite-bearing horizons in the Afsin–Elbistan lignite basin, SE Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Afsin–Elbistan lignite deposit, with its 3.4 billion metric tons of reserves, is the biggest lignite basin and one of the most important resources for electrical energy production in Turkey. Kislakoy mining field was selected as the first opencast mine to feed four power station blocks of 300 MW each. Slope instability has been a continuing problem in the Kislakoy opencast mine. Particularly complex failures along a noncircular failure surface appearing at the final slope stage and covering large areas in the mine increase the importance of slope stability. This study outlines the geotechnical characteristics of the lignite-bearing horizons and describes the causes and mechanisms of slope instabilities, which threaten the safety of the mine. Quantitative X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were carried out using an interactive data processing system (SIROQUANT™) based on Rietveld interpretation methods. Parametric slope stability analysis and backanalysis were carried out for the failure that occurred at the northwestern final slope stage of the mine. The Spencer–Wright limiting state equilibrium method was used in order to determine with confidence the most representative values of regional shear strength parameters, to explain the failure mechanism, and to assess the conditions at the time of failure. In the analysis, phreatic and piezometric surfaces were considered. Site observations and numerous backanalyses of the slope failure reveal that a compound slide occurred where gyttja (contact zone) layers rest directly on the lignite. Gyttja (contact zone) contains the weakest material within the system. The analysis showed that the main cause of the northwestern slope instability was the presence of the groundwater flow within a Quaternary aquifer (through buried valleys), reducing the effective shear strength of the slope materials. It is also noted from backanalysis that the gyttja (contact zone) layer presents a shear strength at, or approaching, the residual value at the time of failure.

Suphi Ural; Ferat Yuksel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Ground Water Basin Management at the Neyveli Lignite Mines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Neyveli lignite mines of India contain large reserves and represent a unique mining venture in...2...hydrogeological basin in which these mines lie contain multiple aquifers under hydrostatic pressure. There ...

V. Ravi Kumar; S. N. Sahay; N. Periasamy; S. Shiv Prasad…

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Size Dependence of the Drying Characteristics of Single Lignite Particles in Superheated Steam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite, or brown coal, is the lowest ... accounts for 23 pct of the proven recoverable reserves of all coal.[1...] Because of its high moisture content, which makes the cost of transporting the raw lignite high,...

Tsuyoshi Kiriyama; Hideaki Sasaki…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Fusibility Characteristics of Residual Ash from Lignite Fluidized-Bed Gasification To Understand Its Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite is an abundant resource, which accounts for approximately 40% of global coal reserves. ... The effects of leaching and floatation on the ash fusion temperatures of three selected lignites ...

Feng-hai Li; Jie-jie Huang; Yi-tian Fang; Quan-run Liu

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

40

The washability of lignites for clay removal  

SciTech Connect

In the washability research of the Seyitomer Lignites (Kutahya-Turkey), with lower calorific value (1,863 kcal/kg) and high ash content (51.91%), by heavy medium separation, it was found out that middling clay in the coal had an effect to change the medium density. To prevent this problem, a trommel sieve with 18 and 5 mm aperture diameter was designed, and the clay in the coal was tried to be removed using it before the coal was released to heavy medium. Following that, the obtained coal in -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm fractions was subjected to sink and float test having 1.4 gcm{sup -3} and 1.7 gcm{sup -3} medium densities (-5 mm fraction will be evaluated in a separate work). Depending on the raw coal, with the floating of -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm size fraction in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} medium density, clean coal with 60.10% combustible matter recovery, 19.12% ash, and 3,150 kcal/kg was obtained. Also floating of the samples sinking in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} in the medium density (1.7 gcm{sup -3}), middling with 18.70% combustible matter recovery, 41.93% ash, 2,150 kcal/kg, and tailing having 78.31% ash were obtained.

Oteyaka, B.; Yamik, A.; Ucar, A.; Sahbaz, O.; Demir, U. [Dumlupinar University, Kutahya (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Ground-water hydrogeology and geochemistry of a reclaimed lignite surface mine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generally parallels the Gulf Coast (Figure 1). Recent estimates place the total near-surface reserves at 11 billion short tons (Kaiser et al. , 1980). Energy companies are now developing lignite mines throughout the Texas lignite belt at a rapid... and accelerating rate. Surface mining of lignite could adversely affect another valuable Texas resource--ground water. Eighty percent of the near-surface lignite reserves are located within the Wilcox Group (Kaiser et al. , 1980), which is part of the Carrizo...

Pollock, Clifford Ralph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Lignite resources of Turkey: Geology, reserves, and exploration history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article aims to emphasize the importance of lignite, which is the mostly used domestic energy source in the Turkish energy mix, by briefly overviewing its geology, reserves, and exploration. Lignites are distributed in mostly continental sedimentary basins of Tertiary age all over the country. The lignite-bearing basins display the characteristics of different geological settings, of which grabens and half-grabens are the most common ones especially in western Anatolia. The geological and chemical characteristics of Turkish lignites do not only create some important problems during mining and coal preparation but also make them unfavorable for consumption. However, since they are the most valuable energy resource of the country they should benefit the economy in the most efficient and environmentally friendly way. Moreover, two most important conclusions of this study are as follows: firstly, reserve estimation practices in the country should definitely be revised to provide a more realistic evaluation of the country's lignite potential for developing medium- and long-term energy strategies and policies for decision- and policy-makers. Secondly, exploration and development activities should be coordinated by a single institution, most likely a government institution, as has been the case for some 50 years.

Volkan ?. Ediger; Istemi Berk; Ayhan Kösebalaban

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Effect of Operational Variables on the Hydrogasification of Inner Mongolian Lignite Semicoke  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inner Mongolia has lignite reserves of more than 150 billion tons, which account for more than 70% of total lignite reserves in China. ... Two Turkish lignites are carbonized at 700 and 900°, and the methane formation rates of these chars and of the char prepd. ...

Xiaokuo Ding; Yongfa Zhang; Tiankai Zhang; Jian Tang; Ying Xu; Jing Zhang

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Palynological evidence for the astronomical origin of lignite^detritus sequence in the Middle Pleistocene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Palynological evidence for the astronomical origin of lignite^detritus sequence in the Middle-order alternation of lignites and detrital muds and second-order alternation expressed by frequent intercalation's orbital forcing. All the lignite seams yield temperate oak forest whereas the detrital beds provide semi

Utrecht, Universiteit

45

Effect of Upgraded Lignite Product Water Content on the Propensity for Spontaneous Ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the end of 2005, worldwide lignite reserves were 207.4 billion tons and accounted for 17.7% of total coal. ... Therefore, there is still considerable interest in the propensity for spontaneous ignition of upgraded lignites products with different moisture contents and also the recommended water content for upgraded lignite products. ...

Kai Zhang; Changfu You

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

46

Hydroliquefaction of Big Brown lignite in supercritical fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Big Brown lignite was liquefied in a fixed bed tube reactor. Three solvents were used in the liquefaction studies, toluene, cyclohexane and methanol. Two co-solvents, tetralin and water were used with toluene. The effects of the solvents and co...

Chen, Hui

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

47

Sedimentary regimes of upper Midway and lower Wilcox lignite in Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Paleoenvironments favorable for lignite deposition existed in sedimentary regimes of the Naheola Formation (upper Midway Group) and in Midway-Wilcox transition sediments apparently assignable to the Nanafalia Formation (Wilcox Group). In addition, lignite horizons are recognized in the Tuscahoma Sand (Wilcox Group). Lignite of potential economic significance occurs within the Naheola Formation west of Butler County and within the Nanafalia Formation east of Butler County. Lignite horizons in the Naheola Formation west of Butler County probably are not stratigraphically or time equivalent to lignite horizons east of Butler County. Depositional environments of the Naheola west of Butler County were favorable for development of lignite deposits with extensive lateral continuity, whereas lignite depositional environments east of Butler County apparently favored variability in thickness and lateral continuity. Estuarine and back-barrier coastal marsh environments are suggested for the lignite. Carbonaceous silt and clay in varying proportions are commonly associated with lignite in the Naheola Formation. Lithologic associations of lignite related to the Nanafalia Formation include quartzarenite, carbonaceous silt and clay, oyster beds, and limestone of the Clayton Formation (Midway Group).

Smith, W.E.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Concentrations and source apportionment of PM10 and associated elemental and ionic species in a lignite-burning power generation area of southern Greece  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Megalopolis Lignite Centre (MLC), located in the center ... mining fields of the country with total mineable lignite reserves of about 434 Mt. The lignite deposits cover a total area of 40,...2 and are exploi...

G. Argyropoulos; Th. Grigoratos…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The spatial distribution of the lignite qualitative parameters and variant estimates of coal reserves: the Czech Part of the Vienna Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The aim of this article is to inform about the spatial distribution of the lignite qualitative parameters and total lignite reserves in the Czech Part of the Vienna Basin—The South Moravian Lignite Coalfield (...

Jan Jelínek; František Stan?k; Lukáš Vebr…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Roles of inherent mineral matters for lignite water slurry electrolysis in H2SO4 system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To understand roles of inherent mineral matters in lignite water slurry (LWS) electrolysis, lignite and demineralized lignite electrolyses were carried out in H2SO4 system. The results showed that cell voltage for LWS electrolysis was lower than that for demineralized lignite water slurry (DLWS) under constant current condition. Some inherent mineral matters changed into the corresponding metal ions which entered into electrolyte, and thus improved the electrolysis oxidation reactions for coal organic structure. Meanwhile, the relative amount of O-containing functional groups in demineralized lignite increased with electrolysis time, improving its pyrolysis reactivity. However, the pyrolysis reactivity of raw lignite decreased due to the removal of the inherent mineral matters from electrolysis.

Xuzhong Gong; Mingyong Wang; Zhi Wang; ZhanCheng Guo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Evolution of Organic Sulfur in the Thermal Upgrading Process of Shengli Lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the low price and rich reserves, lignite has not been widely used because of the problems in spontaneous combustion and difficulties in transportation and storage. ... Lignite in China, mainly distributed in the Inner Mongolia and Yunnan province, occupies about 13% of the total coal resource reserve. ... Koca, H.; Koca, H.; Kockar, O. M.Upgrading of Kutahya region lignites by mild pyrolysis and high intensity dry magnetic separation Miner. ...

Dong Li; Cheng Zhang; Ji Xia; Peng Tan; Li Yang; Gang Chen

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar ... Study on the coking mechanism of coal and coal tar pitches. ...

Vedat Arslan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

53

Utilization of Lignite Reserves and Simultaneous Improvement of Dust Emissions and Operation Efficiency of a Power Plant by Controlling the Calcium (Total and Free) Content of the Fed Lignite. Application on the Agios Dimitrios Power Plant, Ptolemais, Greece  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Utilization of Lignite Reserves and Simultaneous Improvement of Dust Emissions and Operation Efficiency of a Power Plant by Controlling the Calcium (Total and Free) Content of the Fed Lignite. ... Using the technique mentioned above, by determining the lignite recoverable blocks and progressively improving the mixing of the lignites with different qualities, the solid particle emissions were generally stabilized and reduced (lower than 150 mg m-3), with the best improvement observed around April 1999 and afterward (Figures 2?5). ...

Nestoras Kolovos; Andreas Georgakopoulos; Anestis Filippidis; Constantinos Kavouridis

2002-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

Techno-Economic Analysis of Lignite Fuelled IGCC with CO2 Capture: Comparing Fluidized Bed and Entrained Flow Gasifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For shell gasifier case, North Dakota lignite coal is milled ... wt.%, and fed into the Shell gasifier via lock-hopper pressurization using N2...as transport gas. The lignite coal is gasified in the presence of medium

Guangjian Liu; Zhen Wu; Haiying Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

FEM and LEM stability analyses of the fatal landslides at Çöllolar open-cast lignite mine in Elbistan, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Afsin-Elbistan lignite basin, located in the Kahramanmaras province (...1), has nearly half of the lignite reserves in Turkey (Ural and Yuksel 2004...). It is a closed basin formed by the rising Taurus Mountains ...

A. Ozbay; A. F. Cabalar

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Behavior study of trace elements in pulverized lignite, bottom ash, and fly ash of Amyntaio power station, Greece  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greece is second among EU countries for lignite coal production. The indicated reserves are 6.7 billion tonnes with a ... of Greece are generated through the utilization of lignite, while the remaining percentage...

Pavlos Megalovasilis; Georgios Papastergios…

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The natural radioactivity contents in feed coals from the lignite-fired power plants in Western Anatolia, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......production cost. Present Turkey reserves of lignite are estimated to be 8.4 billion...constitute the most important known lignite reserves. The Mugla basin is one of...The Seyitomer basin has a lignite reserve of about 200 Mt and supplies......

N. Füsun Çam; Günseli Yaprak; Elif Eren

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Effect of experimental conditions on the yields during the copyrolysis of Mustafa Kemal Paa (MKP) Lignite (Turkey) with low-density polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

Copyrolysis of a Turkish lignite with low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is conducted in a tubular reactor. The effect of experimental conditions (temperature of 400-700{sup o}C, catalyst, LDPE contents of the mixture are 33, 50, and 67 wt %) on the formation of tar, gas, and char and their effects on the formation of phenol are investigated. The catalysts used are red mud (which is a waste product of an aluminum factory in Turkey), zeolite (Linde type A (LTA)), and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}. Tar evolution is determined to be increased significantly by increasing the LDPE content of the coal-LDPE mixture during the pyrolysis. The effect of adding LDPE to the coal on the gas generation is not remarkable. An increase in temperature leads to increased gas yields. Phenol and phenol derivatives are the obstacles for the complete conversion of lignite to tar and gas. To investigate this negative effect of phenols on the yields, the phenols found in tar from coal pyrolysis are detected by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS), and it is observed that phenolic structures detected in the tar obtained by individual pyrolysis of coal are dramatically decreased by adding polymer to the coal. The use of catalysts during the copyrolysis procedure leads to improved gas generation. The possible reasons of these variations are discussed. A remarkable synergetic effect between lignite and LDPE on the tar yields is also observed. 21 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

Ali Sinag; Melike Sungur; Muammer Canel [Ankara University, Beevler-Ankara (Turkey). Department of Chemistry, Science Faculty

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Comparative risk analysis of development of the lignite basins in Serbian part of the Danube region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper gives an overview of the global business risks and risks in the mining development in the Kolubara and Kostolac lignite basins in the area of the Danube river in Serbia. An identification of main risks is undertaken by application of a comprehensive ... Keywords: danube region, lignite basin, mining and energetics, strategic business risks, sustainable development

Slavka Zekovi?; Tamara Mari?i?

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Selective mining of multiple-layer lignite deposits. A fuzzy approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the development and the application of a fuzzy expert system for the evaluation of the exploitable reserves of multiple-layer lignite deposits, mined by continuous surface methods, is presented. The exploitable reserves are determined decisively ... Keywords: Expert, Exploitable, Fuzzy, Lignite, Mining, Reserves, System

Michael Galetakis; Anthoula Vasiliou

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Formation Mechanism of Slag during Fluid-bed Gasification of Lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite is abundant and makes up approximately 40% of coal reserves in the world. ... Alkalies in lignites (principally Na) were volatilized and reacted with either SO2, to form sulfates, or with clay minerals (principally kaolinite) to form aluminosilicate slag droplets. ...

Fenghai Li; Jiejie Huang; Yitian Fang; Yang Wang

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Transformation of Alkali Metals during Pyrolysis and Gasification of a Lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

North China has large reserves of low rank coal deposits such as lignite that are suitable to be used in fluidized-bed gasification. ... Influence of Temperature on the Release of Inorganic Species from Victorian Brown Coals and German Lignites under CO2 Gasification Conditions ...

Xiaofang Wei; Jiejie Huang; Tiefeng Liu; Yitian Fang; Yang Wang

2008-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

DOE Regional Partnership Initiates CO2 Injection in Lignite Coal Seam |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Initiates CO2 Injection in Lignite Coal Initiates CO2 Injection in Lignite Coal Seam DOE Regional Partnership Initiates CO2 Injection in Lignite Coal Seam March 10, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC -- A U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) team of regional partners has begun injecting CO2 into a deep lignite coal seam in Burke County, North Dakota, to demonstrate the economic and environmental viability of geologic CO2 storage in the U.S. Great Plains region. Ultimately, geologic carbon sequestration is expected to play an important role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change. The Lignite Field Validation Test is being conducted by the Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, one of seven regional partnerships under DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program. The seven

64

Estimation of lignite reserve in the Kalburcayiri field, Kangal basin, Sivas, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses a case study on global estimation of lignite reserve in the Kalburcayiri field from the Sivas–Kangal basin, which is one of the most productive lignite basins in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. The two lignite seams, which were developed in a fresh-water lacustrine depositional environment during the Pliocene time, are currently being exploited in the Kalburcayiri open-cast mine for feed coal to a power plant with 300-MW capacity. Tonnage, thickness and quality parameters (ash yield, total sulphur content, and calorific value) of the lignite are variables considered in this study. The global estimates of these variables together with 95% confidence limits are obtained using the approximation principle of global estimation. A random stratified grid is fitted to available boreholes; the variograms for thickness and lignite quality parameters are estimated and modeled. The models are used in calculating estimation error variances that will later be used in constructing 95% confidence intervals for the true values.

A.Erhan Tercan; Ali Ihsan Karayigit

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Present situation and prospects for lignite in the Polish power-generation industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Poland, lignite is mined in open pits and four deep mines, producing totally about 60–65 million tons a year. Extracted lignite constitutes a fuel for power plants with a total installed capacity of 8833 MW, which generate some 35% of electric energy nationally. This energy is cheaper compared with that from other sources. Poland, with its huge deposits of lignite, is placed in a privileged position, for apart from at present mined deposits, which constitute only about 15% of workable reserves, some abundant areas exist, where mining working can be started. At present, the mined deposits allow us to maintain a current yearly output for the forthcoming 15 years, whereas through the subsequent 30 years, it will decline. In order to maintain supplies of lignite, which is a significant fuel in Poland, it is necessary to fully utilize deposits in the existing areas, and develop new zones where lignite occurs.

Zbigniew Koz?owski

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The fractionation and characterization of two North American lignites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assignments for the TMSI Reaction Page TI Product of the Gascoyne Bitumen LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I, Extraction and Fractionation Scheme for the Page Gascoyne Lignite 24 2. X-Ray Diffractogram of the Low-Temperature Ash of the Demineralized Wilcox... the required data by inductively coupled argon plasma-atomic emissions spectrometry, which was essential in the completion of the thesis. Many thanks goes out to Ahmad Moini for performing the X-ray diffraction on the samples submitted. Finally, I wish...

Garcia Juan Manuel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

A kinetic model for the liquefaction of Texas lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-basin lig- nite is in situ comminution or liquefaction in which a solvent is pumped into the coal seam producing a high Btu liquid product. The shallow basin lignite can be strip-mined and converted to transportation fuels and chemicals by additional... taking product samples at the reaction temperature and pressure and extracting the sample with benzene and n-hexane to form three portions. Vacuum distillation was used to separate the hexane-soluble portion into two parts: the light oils and the coal...

Haley, Sandra Kay

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Mercury Control Technologies for Electric Utilities Burning Lignite Coal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury control technologies for Mercury control technologies for electric utilities Burning lignite coal Background In partnership with a number of key stakeholders, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE), through its National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), has been carrying out a comprehensive research program since the mid-1990s focused on the development of advanced, cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for coal-fired power plants. Mercury is a poisonous metal found in coal, which can be harmful and even toxic when absorbed from the environment and concentrated in animal tissues. Mercury is present as an unwanted by-product of combustion in power plant flue gases, and is found in varying percentages in three basic chemical forms(known as speciation): particulate-bound mercury, oxidized

69

Reclamation planning and operation at the Mae Moh Lignite Mine, Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The Mae Moh Mine is a large open cut lignite mine situated in Northern Thailand. The mine produces lignite for coal fired power stations located adjacent to the mine. Current mine production is approximately 9 Mtpa providing lignite to eight power stations with a total output of 1,125 MW. The power development plan for Mae Moh provides for 19 power stations by the year 1999 which will require lignite production to be increased to 30.5 Mtpa and overburden will be mined at a rate approaching 300 Mtpa. Environmental management and reclamation planning at Mae Moh are major issues due to water quality impact and land use conflicts. This paper presents the key elements of the reclamation master plan and works strategy for progressive reclamation and water pollution control.

Miller, S.D. [Stuart D. Miller & Associates, Balmain (Australia); Teparat, C. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Mae Moh (Thailand)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Production of Medium BTU Gas by In Situ Gasification of Texas Lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The necessity of providing clean, combustible fuels for use in Gulf Coast industries is well established; one possible source of such a fuel is to perform in situ gasification of Texas lignite which lies below stripping depths. If oxygen (rather...

Edgar, T. F.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Importance of Geological Features in Designing Open-Pit Lignite Exploitations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greece covers today 50 per cent of its electric power generation by burning low grade lignite extracted from open pits. Greece or more correctly the Greek Public ... year 1990. To achieve it, new open pits will b...

J. Tanakakis

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Water table recovery in a reclaimed surface lignite mine, Grimes County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water table recovery in four reclaimed mine blocks containing replaced overburden has been monitored at Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine in Grimes County, Texas since 1986. Recovery analysis was conducted based on data recorded at 27 wells installed...

Peace, Kelley H.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Investigation on the sintering behaviors of low-temperature lignite ashes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The amount of lignite resource is over 1,290 million tons ... for 12.7 % of the total coal reserves in China. Traditionally, it is mainly...1]. Gasification, a promising technology for dealing with the commercial...

Shaohua Ji; Fenghai Li; Tao Wang; Zhenzhu Li…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Impacts of Inherent O-Containing Functional Groups on the Surface Properties of Shengli Lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MHC was successfully correlated with the presence of O-containing functional groups and the quantity of surface area without oxygen groups, as follows: MHC = 2.655[?COOH] + 2.912[?OH] + 0.209[?OCH3] – 3.321Snon-O + 1.341, where Snon-O for the lignite is defined as Snon-O = Si(1 – Ci/C0), where Si is the surface area of the lignite and Ci and C0 are the total contents of O-containing functional groups in the heat-treatment or as-received lignites. ... The use of abundant lignite deposits has become increasingly important as the minable reserves of high-rank coal in China are rapidly becoming depleted with the development of more advanced emission control technologies. ...

Yonggang Wang; Jianlin Zhou; Lei Bai; Yanju Chen; Shu Zhang; Xiongchao Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Evaluation of the Impact of Texas Lignite Development on Texas Water Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel shortages and resultant rising fuel costs as well as federal policies prompting energy independence have served to encourage power companies to exploit available lignite deposits of the western states as a viable fuel source. Large reserves...

Mathewson, C. C.; Cason, C. L.

76

NOx Formation of Co-combustion of Sweet Sorghum – Lignite (Orhaneli) Mixtures in Fluidised Beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey currently imports over 70% of its energy needs from other countries [4...]. Turkey has to turn towards its own natural sources. The most important reserve is the lignites, unfortunately low quality exertin...

M. Handan Çubuk; Derya B. Özkan; Özlem Emanet

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Acid Lakes of Lignite Mining District of the former German Democratic Republic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large areas of central and eastern Europe have reserves of hard and brown coal. The map ... Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic. The reserves of lignite in Germany with 56 x 109 tons ... output correspond to 1...

M. Schultze; W. Geller

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A method to calculate the cumulative energy demand (CED) of lignite extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the utilisation of an energy carrier such as lignite, the whole life cycle including necessary energy supply processes have to be considered. Therefore using the ‘Cumulative Energy Demand’ (CED) is especially...

Michael Röhrlich; Mark Mistry…

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

JV Task - 129 Advanced Conversion Test - Bulgarian Lignite  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) project were to evaluate Bulgarian lignite performance under both fluid-bed combustion and gasification conditions and provide a recommendation as to which technology would be the most technically feasible for the particular feedstock and also identify any potential operating issues (such as bed agglomeration, etc.) that may limit the applicability of a potential coal conversion technology. Gasification tests were run at the EERC in the 100-400-kg/hr transport reactor development unit (TRDU) on a 50-tonne sample of lignite supplied by the Bulgarian Lignite Power Project. The quality of the test sample was inferior to any coal previously tested in this unit, containing 50% ash at 26.7% moisture and having a higher heating value of 5043 kJ/kg after partial drying in preparation for testing. The tentative conclusion reached on the basis of tests in the TRDU is that oxygen-blown gasification of this high-ash Bulgarian lignite sample using the Kellogg, Brown, and Root (KBR) transport gasifier technology would not provide a syngas suitable for directly firing a gas turbine. After correcting for test conditions specific to the pilot-scale TRDU, including an unavoidably high heat loss and nitrogen dilution by transport air, the best-case heating value for oxygen-blown operation was estimated to be 3316 kJ/m{sup 3} for a commercial KRB transport gasifier. This heating value is about 80% of the minimum required for firing a gas turbine. Removing 50% of the carbon dioxide from the syngas would increase the heating value to 4583 kJ/m{sup 3}, i.e., to about 110% of the minimum requirement, and 95% removal would provide a heating value of 7080 kJ/m{sup 3}. Supplemental firing of natural gas would also allow the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology to be utilized without having to remove CO{sub 2}. If removal of all nitrogen from the input gas streams such as the coal transport air were achieved, a heating value very close to that needed to fire a gas turbine would be achieved; however, some operational issues associated with utilizing recycled syngas or carbon dioxide as the transport gas would also have to be resolved. Use of a coal with a quality similar to the core samples provided earlier in the test program would also improve the gasifier performance. Low cold-gas efficiencies on the order of 20% calculated for oxygen-blown tests resulted in part from specific difficulties experienced in trying to operate the pilot-scale TRDU on this very high-ash lignite. These low levels of efficiency are not believed to be representative of what could be achieved in a commercial KRB transport gasifier. Combustion tests were also performed in the EERC's circulating fluidized-bed combustor (CFBC) to evaluate this alternative technology for use of this fuel. It was demonstrated that this fuel does have sufficient heating value to sustain combustion, even without coal drying; however, it will be challenging to economically extract sufficient energy for the generation of steam for electrical generation. The boiler efficiency for the dried coal was 73.5% at 85% sulfur capture (21.4% moisture) compared to 55.3% at 85% sulfur capture (40% moisture). Improved boiler efficiencies for this coal will be possible operating a system more specifically designed to maximize heat extraction from the ash streams for this high-ash fuel. Drying of the coal to approximately 25% moisture probably would be recommended for either power system. Fuel moisture also has a large impact on fuel feedability. Pressurized gasifiers generally like drier fuels than systems operating at ambient pressures. The commercially recommended feedstock moisture for a pressurized transport reactor gasifier is 25% moisture. Maximum moisture content for a CFB system could be approximately 40% moisture as has been demonstrated on the Alstom CFB operating on Mississippi lignite. A preliminary economic evaluation for CO{sub 2} was performed on the alternatives of (1) precombustion separation of CO{sub 2} in

Michael Swanson; Everett Sondreal; Daniel Laudal; Douglas Hajicek; Ann Henderson; Brandon Pavlish

2009-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

80

Characterizing a lignite formation before and after an underground coal gasification experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZING A LIGNITE FORMATION BEFORE AND AFTER AN UNDERGROUND COAL GASIFICATION EXPERIMENT A Thesis by USMAN AHMED Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE Nay, 1981 Major Subject: Petrol eum Engineering CHARACTERIZING A LIGNITE FORMATION BEFORE AND AFTER AN UNDERGROUND COAL GASIFICATION EXPERIMENT A Thesis by USMAN AHMED approved as to sty1e and content by: airma o i ee Head f...

Ahmed, Usman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Correlation of stratigraphy with revegetation conditions at the Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine, Grimes County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Correlation of Geochemistry with Environments of Deposition . Cross-Sections and Maps . GIBBONS CREEK LIGNITE MINE . 1 5 7', 7 8: 8 8 9'' 10 Location and Geologic Setting . Previous Studies 11, ' 13 High-wall Stability Hydrogeology... of each of these environments. As a result of her geologic study, she named the four lignite seams as 1, 2, 3 and 4 from oldest to youngest (Figure 5). This knowledge of the environment of deposition gave her a better understanding of the units...

Parisot, Laurence D.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Engineering geologic feasibility of lignite mining in alluvial valleys by hydraulic dredging methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENGINEERING GEOLOGIC FEASIBILITY OF LIGNITE MINING IN ALLUVIAL VALLEYS BY HYDRAULIC DREDGING METHODS A Thesis by CYNTHIA LYNN CASON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Niajor Subject: Geology ENGINEERING GEOLOGIC FEASIBILITY OF LIGNITE MINING IN ALLUVIAL VALLEYS BY HYDRAULIC DREDGING METHODS A Thesis by CYNTHIA LYNN CASON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

Cason, Cynthia Lynn

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Photochemical Dissolution of Turkish Lignites in Tetralin at Different Irradiation Power and Reaction Times  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of the power of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the tetrahydrofuran (THF) solubles yield (the total soluble product) and the soluble product distribution of the dissolution of Turkish lignites (Beypazar? and Tunçbilek lignite) in tetralin at ambient temperatures has been investigated. ... Among them, coal has received special attention because of its large proven reserves as well as the similarity between the products obtained by its processing and crude oil. ...

F. Karacan; T. To?rul

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ash Quality of a Beneficiated Lignite from Ptolemais Basin, Northern Greece  

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Ash Quality of a Beneficiated Lignite from Ptolemais Basin, Northern Greece ... Knowing that oil and gas reserves are diminishing very fast, the beneficiation of coals is of most importance, since this energy source is widely distributed around the world. ... The present research was carried in collaboration with Public Power Corporation of Greece, which simultaneously conducted pilot plant tests for beneficiating Greek lignites, using the TRI-FLO technique. ...

D. Vamvuka; E. Mistakidou; S. Drakonaki; A. Foscolos; K. Kavouridis

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

85

Cofiring Lignite with Hazelnut Shell and Cotton Residue in a Pilot-Scale Fluidized Bed Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The absence of studies on cofiring of indigenous lignite with hazelnut shell/cotton residue blends in fluid bed combustors on one hand and the recent trend in utilization of biomass with local reserves in industry and utility boilers on the other necessitate investigation of combustion and emission characteristics of these fuel blends. ... However, the effect of recycle on gaseous emissions from combustion of Turkish lignites with high ash, volatile matter, and sulfur contents has not been investigated to date. ...

Zuhal Gogebakan; Nevin Selçuk

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

86

Artificial weathering of siderite (FeCO3) taken from lignite overburden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the experimental design used in the artificial weathering study. 101 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Texas has large reserves of near surface lignite. Many hectares of land have already been surface mined and nearly half a million hectares are possible future sites... of the experimental design used in the artificial weathering study. 101 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Texas has large reserves of near surface lignite. Many hectares of land have already been surface mined and nearly half a million hectares are possible future sites...

Frisbee, Nellie Mae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

Feasibility Studies of the Sequential Dewatering/Dry Separation of Chinese Lignite in a Vibration Fluidized-Bed Dryer: Effect of Physical Parameters and Operation Conditions  

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Lignite is an abundant raw energy material that is considered as a major component of global coal reserves. ... The process is being investigated as a means of lowering greenhouse gas emissions from existing lignite fired power stations by reducing the moisture content of lignites. ...

Pengfei Zhao; Yuemin Zhao; Zhenfu Luo; Zengqiang Chen; Chenlong Duan; Shulei Song; Liang Dong

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

88

Study of Chemical Structure Changes of Chinese Lignite upon Drying in Superheated Steam, Microwave, and Hot Air  

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Study of Chemical Structure Changes of Chinese Lignite upon Drying in Superheated Steam, Microwave, and Hot Air ... An estimated 45% of the world’s coal reserves consist of low-rank coals. ... A range of samples varying from lignites to bituminous coals were used at 30-180°. ...

Arash Tahmasebi; Jianglong Yu; Yanna Han; Fengkui Yin; Sankar Bhattacharya; David Stokie

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Major ion chemistry and identification of hydrogeochemical processes controlling groundwater in and around Neyveli Lignite Mines, Tamil Nadu, South India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lignite resources in Tamil Nadu State accounts for ... more than 80 % of India’s known lignite reserves of 39 billion tonnes (as of 1...2010a). The Neyveli hydrogeological basin covers an area of 3,500 km2......

S. Chidambaram; P. Anandhan; M. V. Prasanna…

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Calculation and modelling to the brown coal drying fluidized bed specialized for Greek lignite of west Macedonia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brown coal is considered to be a competitive primary energy source for power generation in parts of Central and Eastern Europe due to the economically recoverable reserves of this fuel in these regions. Specifically for Greece lignites is the main fuel ... Keywords: brown coal, electric energy, energy source, fluidized bed, lignites

John Karmalis; Nikolaos Asimopoulos; Dimitrios Zissopoulos; Natsos Kouvatsis

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Evaluation of an On-Line Ash Analysis System for Low-Grade and Inhomogeneous Greek Lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of using commercial on-line analysis systems for monitoring the ash content of low-grade lignites was investigated by carrying out numerous bench- and pilot-scale trials in the mines of Public Power Corporation SA, Greece. ... The remaining lignite reserves that are suitable for electricity generation are 3.2 billion tonnes (as of 12/31/2005). ...

Konstantinos V. Kavouridis; Francis F. Pavloudakis

2007-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Influence of Lignite Mining and Utilization on Organic Matter Budget in the Alfeios River Plain, Peloponnese (South Greece)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The remaining reserves are estimated approximately at 237 Mt.37 The Megalopolis lignite belongs to the mineral-rich and matrix lithotypes. ... cycles comprising first-order alternation of lignites and detrital muds and second-order alternation expressed by frequent intercalation of org. ...

G. Siavalas; S. Kalaitzidis; G. Cornelissen; A. Chatziapostolou; K. Christanis

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

93

Two and three dimensional analysis of a slope failure in a lignite mine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With about 9.3 billion tons of reserve, lignite is a major source for energy production in Turkey. The Af?in–Elbistan lignite basin, containing 47% of the overall lignite reserve in Turkey, lies in the Af?in and Elbistan districts as a part of Kahramanmara?. The new Çöllolar opencast mine is in the Afsin–Elbistan lignite basin, and this mine will be the second mining activity in the basin after the active K??laköy opencast mine. The new mine will meet the coal consumption of the Elbistan B power plant. Input parameters for slope stability analysis are essential, and so they must be determined accurately and precisely. Field investigations, laboratory testing and back analyses are vital instruments for the input parameters. This study presents the results of slope stability analysis via finite difference code and a limit equilibrium software for the soil slopes of the Elbistan–Çöllolar lignite mine. The basic input parameters, cohesion and friction angle, were determined in the soil mechanics laboratory. By back analyses of a large scale slope failure, mobilized friction angles for a critical weak clay layer under the lignite seam were determined accurately by using the 2D limit equilibrium method and 3D finite difference models. Results of the friction angles were compared in order to check the effectiveness of commonly used 2D approaches in handling the slope problems. Differences in the results of the mobilized friction angles for the weak clay layer were more than 30%. The 3D models indicated that the mobilized friction angle during the major slope failure was substantially lower than the friction angle generated by the 2D limit equilibrium method.

Levent Tutluoglu; Ibrahim Ferid Öge; Celal Karpuz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Characterization of Texas lignite and numerical modeling of its in-situ gasification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZATION OF TEXAS LIGNITE AND NUMERICAL MODELING OF ITS IN-SITU GASIFICATION A Thesis by YIH-JY WANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Geophysics CHARACTERIZATION OF TEXAS LIGNITE AND NUMERICAL MODELING OF ITS IN-SITU GASIFICATION A Thesis by YIH-JY WANG Approved as to style and content by: James E. Russell (Chairman of Committee) M. Caputo...

Wang, Yih-Jy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Comparative radiocarbon dating of lignite, pottery, and charcoal samples from Babeldaob Island, Republic of Palau  

SciTech Connect

It is difficult to construct archaeological chronologies for Babeldaob, the main island of Palau (western Micronesia), because the saprolitic clays of the dominant terraced-hill sites and associated ceramic sherds often contain old carbon that originated in lignites. This has implications, as well, for chronologies of sedimentary sequences. Comparative analysis of the dating problem using lignite, pottery, and charcoal samples indicates that, in fact, there are both old and young sources of potential contamination. It is concluded that radiocarbon samples from Babeldaob need to be tested for appropriate carbon content rather than relying solely upon material identification.

Anderson, A.; Chappell, J.; Clark, G.; Phear, S. [Australian National University, Canberra, ACT (Australia)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Cofiring lignite with hazelnut shell and cotton residue in a pilot-scale fluidized bed combustor  

SciTech Connect

In this study, cofiring of high ash and sulfur content lignite with hazelnut shell and cotton residue was investigated in 0.3 MWt METU Atmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion (ABFBC) Test Rig in terms of combustion and emission performance of different fuel blends. The results reveal that cofiring of hazelnut shell and cotton residue with lignite increases the combustion efficiency and freeboard temperatures compared to those of lignite firing with limestone addition only. CO{sub 2} emission is not found sensitive to increase in hazelnut shell and cotton residue share in fuel blend. Cofiring lowers SO{sub 2} emissions considerably. Cofiring of hazelnut shell reduces NO and N{sub 2}O emissions; on the contrary, cofiring cotton residue results in higher NO and N{sub 2}O emissions. Higher share of biomass in the fuel blend results in coarser cyclone ash particles. Hazelnut shell and cotton residue can be cofired with high ash and sulfur-containing lignite without operational problems. 32 refs., 12 figs., 11 tabs.

Zuhal Gogebakan; Nevin Selcuk [Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey). Department of Chemical Engineering

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Soil microbial biomass: an estimator of soil development in reclaimed lignite mine soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two-year study was conducted at the Big Brown lignite mine in Fairfield, Texas, to determine the rate and extent of recovery of the soil microbial biomass (SMB) in mixed overburden. The relationships between SMB carbon (SMBC), basal respiration...

Swanson, Eric Scott

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Production of Benzene Polycarboxylic Acids from Lignite by Alkali-Oxygen Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of Benzene Polycarboxylic Acids from Lignite by Alkali-Oxygen Oxidation ... The oxidation of coal to produce high-valued benzene polycarboxylic acids (BPCAs), which are obtained currently from diminishing petroleum reserves, is a promising industrial process of the future. ...

Wenhua Wang; Yucui Hou; Weize Wu; Muge Niu; Weina Liu

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

99

Consumer | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer Consumer Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer Welcome to the Smart Disclosure Community This community is a centralized portal to federal government data and resources that can empower consumers to make better informed choices. Access high-value data sets and tools, find data-driven apps, learn about contests, and join the conversation about Smart Disclosure! Check back frequently for updates as we add new data sets, content and resources. Previous Pause Next See winners from smart disclosure apps challenges See winners from smart disclosure apps challenges View More Data that empowers consumers Data that empowers consumers View More Check out new smart disclosure apps Check out new smart disclosure apps View More Consumer Empowerment

100

Consumer Ethics Across Cultures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y. A. Rawwas. 1997. Consumer Ethics: A Cross–culturalFeatures? Journal of Business Ethics 42(3): 281– Auger, Pat,structure of consumer ethics. Table 1. Respondent details

Belk, Russell; Devinney, Timothy; Eckhardt, Giana

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Stratigraphy and environment of deposition of the San Miguel lignite deposit northern McMullen and southeastern Atascosa counties, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deposits. Coastal swamp deposits occur within the lignite interval, a zone of lignite and clay of 3. 7 m (12 ft) ave age thickness. The 1'g. . ite interval has an overall strike-trend with local dip-trending segments. The lignite represents accumulation...). . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ 26 12 ~2 f ' ' 2~2'6' 2 ~l f* MK-26, 14. 2 m (46. 75 ft) . 26 13 Regional stratigraphic correlation of the upper and middle Eocene of the Gulf Coast. 28 Electric log correlations in Atascosa and Live Oak counties of Texas. 29 15 Interpretation...

Snedden, John William

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Evaluation of the long-term environmental performance of Greek lignite-fired power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract At national, regional and global level, there is no doubt that the electric generation from fossil fuel-fired power plants is one of the greatest causes of air pollution and climate change. However, fossil fuels contribute more than 70% in the planet electricity generation during the last 30 years. In Greece, lignite is the only proved significant indigenous fossil fuel source, currently representing about 50% of the national electricity generation (a situation which is not expected to change dramatically in the near future). As a result, owed to the use of local lignite reserves (poor quality lignite), the Greek Lignite Thermal Power Stations (LTPSs) are responsible for the production of significant airborne emissions and particle releases (e.g. CO2, SO2, NOX, PM). At the same time, Greece, on top of the Kyoto Protocol, has accepted specific obligations and incorporated into its national legislation several air quality Directives concerning the reduction of various harmful gases and particle releases attributed to fossil fuel combustion. Thus, wide scrutiny of concentration time series of all these airborne emissions constitutes an important indicator of the current technology used, considering at the same time that any violation noted should be the object of serious national concern. Under this argument, the current work presents and evaluates the long-term environmental performance of the Greek lignite-based electricity generation system as far as CO2, NOX, SO2 and PM are concerned up to the year 2011. According to the results obtained, one may rank the operating \\{LTPSs\\} according to their environmental performance giving to the Greek society the necessary tools to determine their utilisation factor on top of the techno-economic criteria used up to now.

J.K. Kaldellis; M. Kapsali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Life cycle considerations of the flue gas desulphurization system at a lignite-fired power plant in Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) system has been installed at the biggest lignite-fired power generation plant in Thailand to reduce the large...2...emission. In order to understand the costs and benefits, bot...

Sate Sampattagul; Seizo Kato…

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Experimental forward and reverse in situ combustion gasification of lignite with production of hydrogen-rich syngas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research focused on the feasibility of applying the forward and reverse combustion approach to the in situ gasification of lignite with the production of hydrogen-rich syngas (H2 and CO). The so-called forwa...

Yong Cui; Jie Liang; Zhangqing Wang…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Preliminary Study on Design of Longwall Mining from Final Highwall at Mae Moh Lignite Mine in Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The EGAT Mae Moh lignite mine is the largest open-pit coal ... in Thailand. The total geological and economical reserves of Mae Moh coal field are approximately...FLAC 3D producted by...

Shitoku Shibata; Nay Zarlin; Hideki Shimada…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Ground Water Control Techniques for Safe Exploitation of the Neyveli Lignite Deposit, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neyveli, a remote hamlet in Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu, India, occupies a prominent place in the industrial and power map of India. The Neyveli lignite field extends over an area of 470...2 with a geological reserve

K. S. Anandan; S. N. Sahay; T. K. Ramabadran…

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

An investigation of changes in groundwater quality caused by in-situ gasification of East Texas lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INVESTIGATION OF CHANGES IN GROUNDWATER QUALITY CAUSED BY IN-SITU GASIFICATION OF EAST TEXAS LIGNITE A Thesis by KIMBERLY SUE LEACH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AGM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering AN INVESTIGATION OF CHANGES IN GROUNDWATER QUALITY CAUSED BY IN-SITU GASIFICATION OF EAST TEXAS LIGNITE A Thesis by KIMBERLY SUE LEACH Approved as to style and content by...

Leach, Kimberly Sue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

The stratigraphy and environment of deposition of the Wilcox lignite deposit south of Hallsville, Harrison County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the resistivity log signatures. 102 Pocket Geologic Map INTRODUCTION As the United States oil and gas reserves decline, lignite will assume an increasingly greater role in meeting our rising energy de- mands. Although coal has contributed significantly... to the resistivity log signatures. 102 Pocket Geologic Map INTRODUCTION As the United States oil and gas reserves decline, lignite will assume an increasingly greater role in meeting our rising energy de- mands. Although coal has contributed significantly...

Watson, Joseph Quealy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Determination of performance characteristics of a one-cylinder diesel engine modified to burn low-Btu (lignite) gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d = standard deviation INTRODUCTION The United States' vast lignite reserves' energy po- tential, while not commanding the public interest as much as the more "exotic" forms of energy conversion (solar, geothermal, wave energy, etc. ), has been... viewed with in- creasing interest by the technical community. Although a tremendous amount of energy is totalled in this country' s lignite coal reserves (Texas deposits alone are estimated at 100 billion tons [1] ), the energy is low-grade; i. e...

Blacksmith, James Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Flue Gas Emissions from the Burning of Asphaltite and Lignite in a Rotating Head Combustor with Secondary Air Delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1, 2) In this context, Turkey is rich in coal reserves, and it is among the biggest coal producers in the world with a production of about 76 million tons (Mt) in 2011, and a large portion of this production is lignite. ... (5) Turkey has also a high asphaltite reserve, which is mostly found in the southeastern part of Anatolia and used around the region for domestic heating. ... Modeling of NOx emissions from fluidized Bed combustion of high volatile lignites ...

Cengiz Öner; ?ehmus Altun

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Evaluation of an on-line ash analysis system for low-grade and inhomogeneous Greek lignite  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of using commercial on-line analysis systems for monitoring the ash content of low-grade lignites was investigated by carrying out numerous bench- and pilot-scale trials in the mines of Public Power Corporation SA, Greece. Pilot-scale trials were based on a dual-energy {gamma}-ray transmission analyzer, which was installed on the conveyor belt that transports lignite from the pit to the bunker of Kardia mine, Ptolemais. According to the obtained results, the accuracy of the on-line measurements was not adequate and did not allow lignite quality monitoring in real time. The deterioration of the on-line measurements' accuracy, compared to previous applications in other mining sites, was related to the intense variation of the lignite ash content and ash composition, which distorted the calibration of the analyzer. The latter is based on certain assumptions regarding the average atomic number of the organic and mineral matter contained in the lignite. Further experimental work is needed to investigate solutions for successful implementation of this method to low-grade lignites that exhibit large variation in ash content and composition. 17 refs., 15 figs., 7 tabs.

Konstantinos V. Kavouridis; Francis F. Pavloudakis [Public Power Corporation SA, Athens (Greece). General Division of Mines

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Investigation of the Gasification Performance of Lignite Feedstock and the Injection Design of a Cross-Type Two-Stage Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of the Gasification Performance of Lignite Feedstock and the Injection Design of a Cross-Type Two-Stage Gasifier ... Compared to the other fossil-fuel resources such as crude oil and natural gas, coal has the largest reserves and least expensive price for producing electricity. ... Since the feedstock price per unit syngas energy is cheaper for lignites, gasifying lignites is attractive for electricity production. ...

Yau-Pin Chyou; Ming-Hong Chen; Yan-Tsan Luan; Ting Wang

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

113

Mercury Control for Plants Firing Texas Lignite and Equipped with ESP-Wet FGD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury control for Plants firing Mercury control for Plants firing texas lignite and equiPPed with esP-wet fgd Background The 2005 Clean Air Mercury Rule will require significant reductions in mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. One promising mercury control technology involves the use of sorbents such as powdered activated carbon. Full-scale sorbent injection tests conducted for various combinations of fuel and plant air pollution control devices have provided a good understanding of variables that affect sorbent performance. However, many uncertainties exist regarding long-term performance, and data gaps remain for specific plant configurations. Sorbent injection has not been demonstrated at full-scale for plants firing Texas lignite coal, which are responsible for about 10 percent of annual U.S. power plant

114

Detailed mining study executive summary: Saba Yoi lignite deposit. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by John T. Boyd Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. The report shows the results of a feasibility study conducted for the development of the Saba Yoi Coal Mine. The study gives an economic assessment of the project, as well as capital costs for mining and materials. This volume contains the Executive Summary and is divided into the following sections: (1) Project Setting; (2) Land Issues; (3) Geological Setting; (4) Lignite Resource Estimate; (5) Mine Design Parameters; (6) Lignite Reserve Estimate; (7) Annual Mine Output; (8) Phase 2: Conceptual Mining Systems Comparison; (9) Phase 3: Mining Plan Economic Assessment; (10) Recommendations; (11) Conclusion.

NONE

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Production of a nitrogeneous humic fertilizer by the oxidation-ammoniation of lignite  

SciTech Connect

Two lignite samples were oxidised with HNO/sub 3/ (20% wt) at 75 C and treated afterwards with NH/sub 3/ in a fluidised-bed reactor in a temperature range 100-375 C. The effects of temperature, NH/sub 3/ flow rate, and reaction time on the total N/sub 2/ content of the product are reported. The product contained 7-13% wt of total N/sub 2/ which increased as the ammoniation temperature increased. Soil nitrification measurements of the N/sub 2/-enriched lignites showed that the maximum conversion to nitrates and rate of nitrification are exhibited by the product obtained at the lowest ammoniation temperature, i.e. 100 C. Maximum conversion to nitrates at that temperature was 45%, which compares well with similar products such as ammoniated peat (35%) and ammonium nitrohumates (45%).

Coca, J.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Development of Kinetics and Mathematical Models for High Pressure Gasification of Lignite-Switchgrass Blends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetics and Mathematical Kinetics and Mathematical Models for High Pressure Gasification of Lignite-Switchgrass Blends Background Significant progress has been made in recent years in controlling emissions resulting from coal-fired electricity generation in the United States through the research, development, and deployment of innovative technologies such as gasification. Gasification is a process that converts solid feedstocks such as coal, biomass, or blends

117

Influence of External Clay and Inherent Minerals on Lignite Optical Ignition and Volatile Flame Propagation in Air-Firing and Oxy-Firing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coal sample selected is a lignite sample collected from Xinjiang Autonomous Area, the data for which are practically nonexistent because of the low exploration degree, even though such coal contributes approximately 40% of the overall Chinese coal reserves. ... For the devolatilization rate in Table 3 and Figure 2a, the raw lignite has a devolatilisation rate that was lower than those of air-dried and ammonium acetate-washed Victorian brown coal but certainly higher than those of raw Montana lignites, other Chinese lignites, and bituminous coals examined in the literature. ...

Wirhan Prationo; Jian Zhang; Hawra Ali Abdul Abbas; Xiaojiang Wu; Xiaodong Chen; Lian Zhang

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

118

Investigation of lignite and firewood co-combustion in a furnace for tobacco curing application  

SciTech Connect

Co-combustion of lignite and firewood was investigated for an application in tobacco curing industry in Northern Thailand. Extensive experiments have been carried out in a newly developed furnace suitable for small curing unit, in place of locally made furnace. The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the performance of the combustion chamber in the required thermal output range for tobacco curing and to examine the influence of fuel feed rate, fuel mixture ratio and air staging on the combustion and emission characteristics of the furnace during steady state operation. Their effects are characterized in terms of the observed variations of temperature distributions, emissions of CO, SO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and combustion efficiency. Co-firing of firewood and lignite has been found to exhibit acceptable temperature distribution, high combustion efficiency and low emissions over a wide thermal output span. Stable operation at low (50 kW) and high (150 kW) thermal output was achieved with average CO and SO{sub 2} content in flue gas typically below 1400 and 100 ppm, respectively. Under the conditions considered, it was showed that the fuel feed rate had greater influence on combustion and emissions than firewood and lignite mixture ratio and air staging.

Nakorn Tippayawong; Chutchawan Tantakitti; Satis Thavornun

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Polygeneration-IGCC concepts for the production of hydrogen rich fuels based on lignite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents three IGCC-power plant concepts for central production of a hydrogen-rich fuel (methanol, hydrogen, synthetic natural gas â?? SNG) from lignite. Each concept contains a CO2-separation, which produces a sequestration-ready CO2-rich stream. Thus, CO2-emissions caused by use of lignite are considerably reduced. Furthermore, the produced low-carbon fuels are converted in decentralised Combined Heat and Power Plants (CHPP). CHPP leads to high efficiencies of fuel utilisation between 54 and 62%, which exceed the efficiencies of single power generation. Regarding to the CO2-emissions of a natural gas fired CHPP, heat and power can be generated by lignite as clean as by natural gas. The specific CO2-emissions are even much lower in the case of hydrogen production. Costs for the centrally produced methanol and hydrogen are with 29 and 19 EUR/MWh(LHV) already within an economic range. Synthetic natural gas can be produced for 23 EUR/MWh(LHV).

Bernd Meyer; Katrin Ogriseck

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Production scheduling of a lignite mine under quality and reserves uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the sensitivity analysis for the investigation of the effect of quality and reserves uncertainty on project optimization, on the mathematical formulation of risk attitude strategy and on increasing the efficiency of the optimization process by creating a limited set of feasible solutions applying empirical rules. The developed methodology was applied for the determination of the optimal annual production rate of a new surface lignite mine in the area of Ptolemais–Amynteon in Northern Greece.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos; George Alevizos; Despina Vamvuka

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Reprint of: Production scheduling of a lignite mine under quality and reserves uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the sensitivity analysis for the investigation of the effect of quality and reserves uncertainty on project optimization, on the mathematical formulation of risk attitude strategy and on increasing the efficiency of the optimization process by creating a limited set of feasible solutions applying empirical rules. The developed methodology was applied for the determination of the optimal annual production rate of a new surface lignite mine in the area of Ptolemais–Amynteon in Northern Greece.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos; George Alevizos; Despina Vamvuka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Coal petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry of lignite samples from the Ogwashi–Asaba Formation, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organic sediments picked up randomly from seven small outcrops within the Ogwashi–Asaba Formation, southern Nigeria, are examined and evaluated by means of coal petrology and chemical and mineralogical analyses in order to determine the palaeoenvironmental conditions and the factors controlling their formation. Six samples proved to be low-rank coals C to B (lignite), one carbonaceous shale. The lignite samples display low ash yield, low telohuminite and high detrohuminite and liptinite contents; they contain small amounts of clastic minerals, mainly quartz and clays, which point to the topogenous character of the depositional palaeoenvironment. The palaeomires formed in a continental basin crossed by the mid-Tertiary palaeo-Niger River; the latter, as well as the tropical rainfall supplied the mires with water. The dense vegetation cover on the mire surface and the surroundings and/or the low relief energy of the broad area restricted the inorganic influx resulting in high-grade coal formation. As the outcrops are distributed over a distance of 60 km, the expected reserves of good quality lignite constitute a very promising exploration target.

Jude Ogala; George Siavalas; Kimon Christanis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Enhancing Carbon Reactivity in Mercury Control in Lignite-Fired Systems  

SciTech Connect

This project was awarded through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory Program Solicitation DE-PS26-03NT41718-01. The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) led a consortium-based effort to resolve mercury (Hg) control issues facing the lignite industry. The EERC team-the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); the URS Corporation; the Babcock & Wilcox Company; ADA-ES; Apogee; Basin Electric Power Cooperative; Otter Tail Power Company; Great River Energy; Texas Utilities; Montana-Dakota Utilities Co.; Minnkota Power Cooperative, Inc.; BNI Coal Ltd.; Dakota Westmoreland Corporation; the North American Coal Corporation; SaskPower; and the North Dakota Industrial Commission-demonstrated technologies that substantially enhanced the effectiveness of carbon sorbents to remove Hg from western fuel combustion gases and achieve a high level ({ge} 55% Hg removal) of cost-effective control. The results of this effort are applicable to virtually all utilities burning lignite and subbituminous coals in the United States and Canada. The enhancement processes were previously proven in pilot-scale and limited full-scale tests. Additional optimization testing continues on these enhancements. These four units included three lignite-fired units: Leland Olds Station Unit 1 (LOS1) and Stanton Station Unit 10 (SS10) near Stanton and Antelope Valley Station Unit 1 (AVS1) near Beulah and a subbituminous Powder River Basin (PRB)-fired unit: Stanton Station Unit 1 (SS1). This project was one of three conducted by the consortium under the DOE mercury program to systematically test Hg control technologies available for utilities burning lignite. The overall objective of the three projects was to field-test and verify options that may be applied cost-effectively by the lignite industry to reduce Hg emissions. The EERC, URS, and other team members tested sorbent injection technologies for plants equipped with electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) and spray dryer absorbers combined with fabric filters (SDAs-FFs). The work focused on technology commercialization by involving industry and emphasizing the communication of results to vendors and utilities throughout the project.

Chad Wocken; Michael Holmes; John Pavlish; Jeffrey Thompson; Katie Brandt; Brandon Pavlish; Dennis Laudal; Kevin Galbreath; Michelle Olderbak

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

124

Ecoefficiency in consumer products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consumer's message to business...maximizing conservation of resources...quantitative public corporate...and lower energy inputs even...recycling message is reinforced...wash water, energy and material...the drain. Energy conservation measures...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Examination of Kinetics of Non-catalytic Steam Gasification of Biomass/Lignite Chars and Its Relationship with the Variation of the Pore Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Examination of Kinetics of Non-catalytic Steam Gasification of Biomass/Lignite Chars and Its Relationship with the Variation of the Pore Structure ... Biomass and lignite are attractive as feedstocks in light of the renewable nature and large reserves, respectively. ...

Shinji Kudo; Yasuyo Hachiyama; Hyun-Seok Kim; Koyo Norinaga; Jun-ichiro Hayashi

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

Effect of High-Pressure Impregnation on Structure Variation and Desulfurization Property of a Zn-Based Sorbent Prepared Using Lignite as a Support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of High-Pressure Impregnation on Structure Variation and Desulfurization Property of a Zn-Based Sorbent Prepared Using Lignite as a Support ... Lignite reserves are relatively abundant in China; however, its utilization is significantly limited because of its high water content and low calorific value. ...

Xiurong Ren; Qiang He; Yurong Dong; Meijun Wang; Liping Chang; Weiren Bao

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

Quantifying Wasted Write Energy in the Memory Hierarchy Charles Shelor, Jim Buchanan, and Krishna Kavi Ron Cytron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying Wasted Write Energy in the Memory Hierarchy Charles Shelor, Jim Buchanan, and Krishna. Wasted writes consume energy, consume execution time as memory bandwidth and consume component lifetime of potential energy savings that can be obtained from eliminating wasted writes. If all of the wasted writes

Kavi, Krishna

128

Impacts of stripmining lignite on net returns for agricultural enterprises in East Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Southern Methodist University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr, Lonnie L. Jones The study aims to determine whether or not returns to typical pare-time and full-time farms in Preestone County change after lignite mining. Net returns used are to land... pieces of mined and unmined land. The general opinion of experts is that forage yields on reclaimed land are not less than before mining. Although the carrying capacity for unmined and reclaimed pasture is the same in the study, the mined farm cases...

Morris, Christina

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effect of potassium permanganate as an oxidizing agent in the production of lignite-based fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to observe the effect of potassium permanganate oxidation of lignites from Elbistan for end use as fertilizers, after being ammoniated. The experiments at each stage were designed by a 1/2 x full factorial design. The oxidation was carried out by three different methods. In the first two methods potassium permanganate in neutral or basic medium was used. In the other method two stages of oxidation were used: nitric acid followed by potassium permanganate in acidic medium. The latter proved to be more successful.

Baris, S.; Dincer, S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Co-Gasification of Wood and Lignite in a Dual Fluidized Bed Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mixts. of coal and biomass were co-gasified in a jetting, ash-agglomerating, fluidized-bed, pilot scale-sized gasifier to provide steady-state operating data for numerical simulation verification. ... Downstream cleaning of gas by catalytic cracking and/or scrubbing is complex and/or expensive for small to medium gasification plants, so conversion of tar within the gasifier is preferred. ... Kern, S.; Pfeifer, C.; Hofbauer, H. Gasification of lignite in a dual fluidized bed gasifier - Influence of bed material particle size and the amount of steam. ...

Stefan Kern; Christoph Pfeifer; Hermann Hofbauer

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Characterization of Solid Emissions from Atmospheric Fluidized-Bed Combustion of Two Czech Lignites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In fluidized-bed combustion, particles of coal burn within the bed of vigorously moving smaller inert particles with bed temperatures between 1000 and 1300 K. Due to intense heat transfer from the burning particle to bed particles and percolating gas, the temperature of a particle is on average 200 K above that of the bed (29, 30). ... Two lignites from the Centrum mine and the Vršany open pit mine (North Bohemian Coal Basin) were used in this study. ... The reactor is equipped with a supplementary natural gas burner, a feeding system, and measuring and control peripherals. ...

Ji?í Smolík; Jaroslav Schwarz; Václav Veselý; Ivana Sýkorová; Jan Kuc?era; Vladimír Havránek

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Environmental Regulations

133

Energy from waste via coal/waste co-firing  

SciTech Connect

The paper reviews the feasibility of waste-to-energy plants using the cocombustion of coal with refuse-derived fuels. The paper discusses the types of wastes available: municipal solid wastes, plastics, tires, biomass, and specialized industrial wastes, such as waste oils, post-consumer carpet, auto shredder residues, and petroleum coke. The five most common combustion systems used in co-firing are briefly described. They are the stoker boiler, suspension-fired boilers, cyclone furnaces, fluidized bed boilers, and cement kilns. The paper also discusses the economic incentives for generating electricity from waste.

Winslow, J.; Ekmann, J.; Smouse, S. [Dept. of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center; Ramezan, M. [Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Harding, S.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

Identification of organonitrogen compounds from thermally dissolved Huolinguole lignite in ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal dissolution of Huolinguole lignite (HL) in ethanol was conducted at 330°C for 2 h. The soluble fraction was sequentially eluted with petroleum ether (PE), ethyl acetate (EA)/PE mixed solvents with increased EA to PE ratio, and EA to afford five eluted fractions (EF1-EF5) through a silica gel-packed column. In total, 49 organonitrogen compounds (ONCs), including N-heterohexacyclic compounds (NHHCCs), N-heteropentacyclic compounds, nitrogen-containing group-substituted benzenes (NCGSBs), condensed N-heterocyclic compounds, and amides were detected in EF2 and EF3 with a gas chromatography/mass spectrometer. Among the ONCs, NHHCCs are dominant and most of them are alkyl pyridines (APs), suggesting that APs are the main existing modes of ONCs in HL. As the main NCGSBs, anilines may originally exist in HL or were released by HL ethanolysis. This investigation provides an effective approach for understanding the modes of ONC occurrences in lignites. [Received: April 11, 2013; Accepted: February 20, 2014

Yu-Gao Wang; Xian-Yong Wei; Hong-Lei Yan; Zhi-Min Zong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Correlation of lignites in the midway and Wilcox groups of southern Alabama and eastern Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

The Gulf Coast Paleogene section represents one of the world's most continuous records of cyclic nonmarine through marine sedimentation. Microfossil research has demonstrated the completeness of downdip marine sections; however, the continuity of updip, nonmarine, and marginal marine sections remains relatively uncertain. Lignites occur throughout the Gulf Coast low Paleogene, but to date have not been adequately characterized with the detail necessary for high-resolution correlation. Lignite characteristics, stratigraphic position within Paleogene depositional cycles, and their mode of origin can be used in correlating nonmarine deposits (highstand system tract) to downdip marine deposits (transgressive system tract). Samples were collected for east-central Mississippi and west-central Alabama and analyzed. Principle constituents, comprising over 50%, are inaperturate forms in Midway Group samples and tricolporate forms in Wilcox Group samples. Secondary components, 10-20%, of triporate and monolete/trilete forms occur in both groups. Triporate forms are approximately 25% more abundant in the Wilcox Group samples, whereas monolete/trilete forms remain relatively constant in both groups. Minor components ([le]5%) of bivesticulate, tricolpate, polycolpate, polyporate, and polycolporate forms are present, but show distinct percentage variations between each group. Inaperature forms are present only in the Midway Group and monoporate forms exist only in the Wilcox Group. These group-specific forms, combined with the differences in primary and secondary forms and abundances, allow samples to be formationally assigned base on palynomorpbic signature.

Harrison, D.W. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

JV Task 117 - Impact of Lignite Properties on Powerspan's NOx Oxidation System  

SciTech Connect

Powerspan's multipollutant control process called electrocatalytic oxidation (ECO) technology is designed to simultaneously remove SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, PM{sub 2.5}, acid gases (such as hydrogen fluoride [HF], hydrochloric acid [HCl], and sulfur trioxide [SO{sub 3}]), Hg, and other metals from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants. The core of this technology is a dielectric barrier discharge reactor composed of cylindrical quartz electrodes residing in metal tubes. Electrical discharge through the flue gas, passing between the electrode and the tube, produces reactive O and OH radicals. The O and OH radicals react with flue gas components to oxidize NO to NO{sub 2} and HNO{sub 3} and a small portion of the SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3} and H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}. The oxidized compounds are subsequently removed in a downstream scrubber and wet electrostatic precipitator. A challenging characteristic of selected North Dakota lignites is their high sodium content. During high-sodium lignite combustion and gas cooling, the sodium vaporizes and condenses to produce sodium- and sulfur-rich aerosols. Based on past work, it was hypothesized that the sodium aerosols would deposit on and react with the silica electrodes and react with the silica electrodes, resulting in the formation of sodium silicate. The deposit and reacted surface layer would then electrically alter the electrode, thus impacting its dielectric properties and NO{sub x} conversion capability. The purpose of this project was to determine the impact of lignite-derived flue gas containing sodium aerosols on Powerspan's dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor with specific focus on the interaction with the quartz electrodes. Partners in the project were Minnkota Power Cooperative; Basin Electric Power Cooperative; Montana Dakota Utilities Co.; Minnesota Power; the North Dakota Industrial Commission, the Lignite Energy Council, and the Lignite Research Council; the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC); and the U.S. Department of Energy. An electrocatalytic oxidation (ECO) reactor slipstream system was designed by Powerspan and the EERC. The slipstream system was installed by the EERC at Minnkota Power Cooperative's Milton R. Young Station Unit 1 downstream of the electrostatic precipitator where the flue gas temperature ranged from 300 to 350 F. The system was commissioned on July 3, 2007, operated for 107 days, and then winterized upon completion of the testing campaign. Operational performance of the system was monitored, and data were archived for postprocessing. A pair of electrodes were extracted and replaced on a biweekly basis. Each pair of electrodes was shipped to Powerspan to determine NO conversion efficiency in Powerspan's laboratory reactor. Tested electrodes were then shipped to the EERC for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray microanalysis. Measurement of NO{sub x} conversion online in operating the slipstream system was not possible because the nitric and sulfuric acid production by the DBD reactor results in conditioning corrosion challenges in the sample extraction system and NO measurement technologies. The operational observations, performance results, and lab testing showed that the system was adversely affected by accumulation of the aerosol materials on the electrode. NO{sub x} conversion by ash-covered electrodes was significantly reduced; however, with electrodes that were rinsed with water, the NOx conversion efficiency recovered to nearly that of a new electrode. In addition, the visual appearance of the electrode after washing did not show evidence of a cloudy reacted surface but appeared similar to an unexposed electrode. Examination of the electrodes using SEM x-ray microanalysis showed significant elemental sodium, sulfur, calcium, potassium, and silica in the ash coating the electrodes. There was no evidence of the reaction of the sodium with the silica electrodes to produce sodium silicate layers. All SEM images showed a clearly marked boundary between the ash and the silica. Sodium and sulfur are the main culprits in the

Scott Tolbert; Steven Benson

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants in Greece in Relation to Mined Lignite Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide emissions were shown to vary with the calorific value and carbonate content of lignite burned at three large power plants. ... The annual carbon dioxide emissions, Q, in a lignite-fired power plant can be calculated on the basis of the total carbon mass balance, using the following formula:(18)Specific emission factor, Qs, expressed in tons of CO2 generated per MW h is given bywhere Q is the annual CO2 emissions (in tons), Qs is the specific CO2 emissions (in tons MW?1 h?1), L is the annual lignite consumption (in tons/year), CL is the total carbon content of lignite on an as-received basis (%), W is the annual production of bottom ash ( in tons/year), CW is the total carbon content of bottom ash on an as-received basis (%), F is the annual production of fly ash (in tons/year), CF is the total carbon content of fly ash on an as-received basis (%), and E is the annual production of electricity ( in MW h). ... The carbon dioxide emitted as a product of combustion of coal (fossil fuels) is currently responsible for over 60% of the enhanced greenhouse effect. ...

Despina Vamvuka; Michael Galetakis

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

138

Radioactive Waste Radioactive Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Radioactive Waste at UF Bldg 831 392-8400 #12;Radioactive Waste · Program is designed to;Radioactive Waste · Program requires · Generator support · Proper segregation · Packaging · labeling #12;Radioactive Waste · What is radioactive waste? · Anything that · Contains · or is contaminated

Slatton, Clint

139

Efficiency and power upgrade by an additional high pressure economizer installation at an aged 620 MWe lignite-fired power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An additional high pressure economizer was installed at Unit B1 of the 620 MWe lignite-fired Power Plant “Nikola Tesla B” after 30 years of its operation. An innovative connection of the new additional economizer was applied. It is in parallel connection to the first section of the originally built economizer and it is directly fed with the feedwater from the outlet of the feedwater pump. The analysis of Unit B1 operation with such an economizer arrangement is performed and it is supported by measured data. It is shown that more than 30 MWth of the flue gas waste heat is recovered. The Unit gross efficiency is increased by 0.53 percentage points, which leads to 9.4 MWe of the electric power production. The parallel connection of the additional economizer also leads to the partial feedwater bypass of the high pressure heaters, which enables an increase of the plant electric power by up to 24.5 MWe. The accompanying effects are the reduction of the pressure drop in the feedwater line and the economizers, which leads to the decrease of the energy consumption for the main feedwater pump operation. The applied solution is presented together with measured and calculated energy and economic benefits.

Vladimir D. Stevanovic; Tadeusz Wala; Slawomir Muszynski; Milos Milic; Milorad Jovanovic

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

consumers | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

51 51 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142280451 Varnish cache server consumers Dataset Summary Description The Energy Statistics Database contains comprehensive energy statistics on the production, trade, conversion and final consumption of primary and secondary; conventional and non-conventional; and new and renewable sources of energy. The Energy Statistics dataset, covering the period from 1990 on, is available at UNdata. This dataset relates to the consumption of alcohol by "other consumers". Data is available for Paraguay, the U.S. and Belgium, between 2000 and 2007. Source United Nations (UN) Date Released December 09th, 2009 (5 years ago)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Consumer Prices During  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate City Gate City gate prices represent the total cost paid by gas distribu- tion companies for gas received at the point where the gas is physically transferred from a pipeline company or trans- mission system. This price is intended to reflect all charges for the acquisition, storage, and transportation of gas as well as other charges associated with the LDC's obtaining the gas for sale to consumers. Prices paid at the city gate by local distribution companies rose substantially between 1995 and 1996, climbing from $2.78 per thousand cubic feet to $3.27, an increase of 18 percent. Residential Residential consumers pay the highest price for natural gas. It increased to $6.34 per thousand cubic feet from the 1995 price of $6.06 per thousand cubic feet. However, the 1996 price was 1 percent lower than the 1994 price. In recent years, only modest changes in constant dollars have been

142

Air and oxy-fuel combustion behaviour of petcoke/lignite blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pyrolysis and combustion behaviour of a petroleum coke (petcoke), an indigenous lignite and their 70/30 wt.% blend in air and oxy-fuel conditions were investigated by using non-isothermal thermo-gravimetric method (TGA) coupled with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. Blend samples were prepared by mixing lignite, which has low calorific value, high ash and moisture contents with petcoke that has high calorific value, low ash and moisture content, in the proportion of 70:30. Pyrolysis tests were carried out in nitrogen and carbon dioxide environments which are the main diluting gases of air and oxy-fuel environments, respectively. Pyrolysis curves of parent fuels and their blend reveal close resemblance up to 700 °C in both N2 and CO2 environments. At higher temperatures, further weight loss taking place in N2 and CO2 atmospheres is attributed to calcite decomposition and CO2-char gasification reaction, respectively. Gasification reaction leads to significant increase in CO and COS formation as observed in FTIR evolution profiles. Almost identical experimental and theoretical pyrolysis profiles of the blend samples show that there is no synergy between the parent fuels of the blend in both pyrolysis environments. Combustion experiments were carried out in four different atmospheres; air, oxygen-enriched air environment (30% O2–70% N2), oxy-fuel environment (21% O2–79% CO2) and oxygen-enriched oxy-fuel environment (30% O2–70% CO2). Combustion experiments show that replacing nitrogen in the gas mixture by the same concentration of CO2 leads to delay in combustion (lower maximum rate of weight loss and higher burnout temperatures). Overall comparison of derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) profiles shows that effect of oxygen content on combustion characteristics is more significant than that of diluting gas in the combustion environment. At elevated oxygen levels, profiles shift through lower temperature zone, peak and burnout temperatures decrease, weight loss rate increases significantly and complete combustion is achieved at lower temperatures and shorter times. Theoretical and experimental combustion profiles of the blend mainly display different trends, which indicate synergistic interactions between lignite and petcoke during their combustion in different environments.

Nur Sena Yuzbasi; Nevin Selçuk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

USE OF COAL DRYING TO REDUCE WATER CONSUMED IN PULVERIZED COAL POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

U.S. low rank coals contain relatively large amounts of moisture, with the moisture content of subbituminous coals typically ranging from 15 to 30 percent and that for lignites from 25 and 40 percent. High fuel moisture has several adverse impacts on the operation of a pulverized coal generating unit, for it can result in fuel handling problems and it affects heat rate, stack emissions and maintenance costs. Theoretical analyses and coal test burns performed at a lignite fired power plant show that by reducing the fuel moisture, it is possible to improve boiler performance and unit heat rate, reduce emissions and reduce water consumption by the evaporative cooling tower. The economic viability of the approach and the actual impact of the drying system on water consumption, unit heat rate and stack emissions will depend critically on the design and operating conditions of the drying system. The present project evaluated the low temperature drying of high moisture coals using power plant waste heat to provide the energy required for drying. Coal drying studies were performed in a laboratory scale fluidized bed dryer to gather data and develop models on drying kinetics. In addition, analyses were carried out to determine the relative costs and performance impacts (in terms of heat rate, cooling tower water consumption and emissions) of drying along with the development of optimized drying system designs and recommended operating conditions.

Edward K. Levy; Nenad Sarunac; Harun Bilirgen; Hugo Caram

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Generating Steam by Waste Incineration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustible waste is a significant source of steam at the new John Deere Tractor Works assembly plant in Waterloo, Iowa. The incinerators, each rated to consume two tons of solid waste per hour, are expected to provide up to 100 percent of the full...

Williams, D. R.; Darrow, L. A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Self-Consuming Downhole Packer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Self-Consuming Downhole Packer presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

146

Energy Evaluation for Lignite Pyrolysis by Solid Heat Carrier Coupled with Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between the two reactors, solid heat carriers are circulated to carry the heat from the gasifier to the pyrolyzer. ... With the purpose of revealing the features of energy use and chemical element conversion, and the feasibility and the rationality of the coupled system, some related experiments were performed, and the simulation flow sheet for lignite pyrolysis by a solid heat carrier coupled with gasification was established by Aspen Plus 11.1 on the basis of the experimental data. ... The amount of the solid heat carrier was determined by two factors: (1) the temperature of the solid heat carrier should be heated to 750 °C in the combustion furnace; (2) the energy carried by the solid heat carrier must be sufficient to satisfy the energy demands of the drying and pyrolysis units. ...

Qun Yi; Jie Feng; Bingchuan Lu; Jing Deng; Changlian Yu; Wenying Li

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

147

Copyrolysis of Seyitömer?Lignite and Safflower Seed:? Influence of the Blending Ratio and Pyrolysis Temperature on Product Yields and Oil Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a variety of low-grade coal, as a primary energy source is becoming a subject of importance in some countries, such as Turkey, where there is a substantial reserve of such materials. ... Total lignite reserves are estimated with 8075 million tons, of which 7339 million tons are economically feasible. ... Upgrading of Kutahya region lignites by mild pyrolysis and high intensity dry magnetic separation ...

Özlem Onay; Evren Bayram; Ö. Mete Koçkar

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

148

The distribution of ten trace elements and minerals in three lignite seams from the Mae Moh Mine, Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the association of major, minor and trace elements in lignites and their accompanying strata is important from a number of perspectives which include: potential health problems from environmental pollutants, rehabilitation after mining, combustion for power etc. The material which follows represents some preliminary observations on the mineralogy and distribution of 10 trace elements in lignites and accompanying sediments from the Mae Moh mine, Thailand. Samples collected from freshly exposed mine faces were air dried and analyzed for moisture and ash. Trace element concentrations were determined on {open_quotes}whole{close_quotes} coals and sediments by NAA and XRF. All chemical analyses are expressed as a fraction of the total dry sediment. Mineralogy of both LTA and sediments was determined by XRD. The chemistry and morphology of individual particles were examined by the Electron microprobe. The analyses are used to make some conclusions about the spatial occurrence of these elements within the seam and their partitioning between organic and inorganic phases.

Hart, B.; Powell, M.P.; Fyfe, W.S. [Univ. of Ontario (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

The effect of quality and reserves uncertainty to production scheduling of a lignite mine feeding a power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the expected net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the mathematical analysis applied for the investigation of the effect of the two main parameters in project optimization.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

USE OF COAL DRYING TO REDUCE WATER CONSUMED IN PULVERIZED COAL POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

This is the ninth Quarterly Report for this project. The background and technical justification for the project are described, including potential benefits of reducing fuel moisture using power plant waste heat, prior to firing the coal in a pulverized coal boiler. During this last Quarter, comparative analyses were performed for lignite and PRB coals to determine how unit performance varies with coal product moisture. Results are given showing how the coal product moisture level and coal rank affect parameters such as boiler efficiency, station service power needed for fans and pulverizers and net unit heat rate. Results are also given for the effects of coal drying on cooling tower makeup water and comparisons are made between makeup water savings for various times of the year.

Edward Levy; Nenad Sarunac; Harun Bilirgen; Wei Zhang

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Large-Scale Mercury Control Technology Testing for Lignite-Fired Utilities - Oxidation Systems for Wet FGD  

SciTech Connect

Mercury (Hg) control technologies were evaluated at Minnkota Power Cooperative's Milton R. Young (MRY) Station Unit 2, a 450-MW lignite-fired cyclone unit near Center, North Dakota, and TXU Energy's Monticello Steam Electric Station (MoSES) Unit 3, a 793-MW lignite--Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal-fired unit near Mt. Pleasant, Texas. A cold-side electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubber are used at MRY and MoSES for controlling particulate and sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions, respectively. Several approaches for significantly and cost-effectively oxidizing elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) in lignite combustion flue gases, followed by capture in an ESP and/or FGD scrubber were evaluated. The project team involved in performing the technical aspects of the project included Babcock & Wilcox, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), the Electric Power Research Institute, and URS Corporation. Calcium bromide (CaBr{sub 2}), calcium chloride (CaCl{sub 2}), magnesium chloride (MgCl{sub 2}), and a proprietary sorbent enhancement additive (SEA), hereafter referred to as SEA2, were added to the lignite feeds to enhance Hg capture in the ESP and/or wet FGD. In addition, powdered activated carbon (PAC) was injected upstream of the ESP at MRY Unit 2. The work involved establishing Hg concentrations and removal rates across existing ESP and FGD units, determining costs associated with a given Hg removal efficiency, quantifying the balance-of-plant impacts of the control technologies, and facilitating technology commercialization. The primary project goal was to achieve ESP-FGD Hg removal efficiencies of {ge}55% at MRY and MoSES for about a month.

Steven A. Benson; Michael J. Holmes; Donald P. McCollor; Jill M. Mackenzie; Charlene R. Crocker; Lingbu Kong; Kevin C. Galbreath

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

152

Plant mixtures and monocultures on topsoiled and nontopsoiled lignite spoil in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SG SC IB LB SW SG BG IG SG CB IB SC TOPSOIL 6m TEST PIT . Figure 2. Plot diagram and side view of Dow Chemical lignite test pit. BG - Bahiagrass CB ? Coastal bermudagrass , IB - Illinois Bundleflower IG ? Indiangrass LB ? Little bluestem.... Brown, whose assistance and insight on this research proved invaluable. I gratefully acknowledge Northwestern Resources Co. for providing the financial support, and Dow Chemical Co, for providing the study site for this project. Special thanks...

Van Hook, Kevin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

USE OF COAL DRYING TO REDUCE WATER CONSUMED IN PULVERIZED COAL POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Low rank fuels such as subbituminous coals and lignites contain significant amounts of moisture compared to higher rank coals. Typically, the moisture content of subbituminous coals ranges from 15 to 30 percent, while that for lignites is between 25 and 40 percent, where both are expressed on a wet coal basis. High fuel moisture has several adverse impacts on the operation of a pulverized coal generating unit. High fuel moisture results in fuel handling problems, and it affects heat rate, mass rate (tonnage) of emissions, and the consumption of water needed for evaporative cooling. This project deals with lignite and subbituminous coal-fired pulverized coal power plants, which are cooled by evaporative cooling towers. In particular, the project involves use of power plant waste heat to partially dry the coal before it is fed to the pulverizers. Done in a proper way, coal drying will reduce cooling tower makeup water requirements and also provide heat rate and emissions benefits. The technology addressed in this project makes use of the hot circulating cooling water leaving the condenser to heat the air used for drying the coal (Figure 1). The temperature of the circulating water leaving the condenser is usually about 49 C (120 F), and this can be used to produce an air stream at approximately 43 C (110 F). Figure 2 shows a variation of this approach, in which coal drying would be accomplished by both warm air, passing through the dryer, and a flow of hot circulating cooling water, passing through a heat exchanger located in the dryer. Higher temperature drying can be accomplished if hot flue gas from the boiler or extracted steam from the turbine cycle is used to supplement the thermal energy obtained from the circulating cooling water. Various options such as these are being examined in this investigation. This is the eleventh Quarterly Report for this project. The background and technical justification for the project are described, including potential benefits of reducing fuel moisture using power plant waste heat, prior to firing the coal in a pulverized coal boiler. During this last Quarter, the development of analyses to determine the costs and financial benefits of coal drying was continued. The details of the model and key assumptions being used in the economic evaluation are described in this report.

Edward Levy

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Consumer Resources | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer Resources Consumer Resources Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer Welcome to the resources and press page. Check back frequently for updates. New to Smart Disclosure? Start with our About page Key Federal Smart Disclosure Resources WHITE HOUSE & NATIONAL ARCHIVES Summit on Smart Disclosure 3/30/2012 On March 30, 2012, the White House and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), with support from ideas42, hosted a summit on Smart Disclosure - a new tool that helps provide consumers with greater access to the information they need to make informed choices. Click here for agenda. WHITE HOUSE US.National Action Plan on Open Government 9/20/2011 Excerpted commitment on Smart Disclosure: "Promote Smart Disclosure. The

155

PILOT-AND FULL-SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF ADVANCED MERCURY CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES FOR LIGNITE-FIRED POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

North Dakota lignite-fired power plants have shown a limited ability to control mercury emissions in currently installed electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), dry scrubbers, and wet scrubbers (1). This low level of control can be attributed to the high proportions of Hg{sup 0} present in the flue gas. Speciation of Hg in flue gases analyzed as part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) information collection request (ICR) for Hg data showed that Hg{sup 0} ranged from 56% to 96% and oxidized mercury ranged from 4% to 44%. The Hg emitted from power plants firing North Dakota lignites ranged from 45% to 91% of the total Hg, with the emitted Hg being greater than 85% elemental. The higher levels of oxidized mercury were only found in a fluidized-bed combustion system. Typically, the form of Hg in the pulverized and cyclone-fired units was dominated by Hg{sup 0} at greater than 85%, and the average amount of Hg{sup 0} emitted from North Dakota power plants was 6.7 lb/TBtu (1, 2). The overall objective of this Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) project is to develop and evaluate advanced and innovative concepts for controlling Hg emissions from North Dakota lignite-fired power plants by 50%-90% at costs of one-half to three-fourths of current estimated costs. The specific objectives are focused on determining the feasibility of the following technologies: Hg oxidation for increased Hg capture in wet and dry scrubbers, incorporation of additives and technologies that enhance Hg sorbent effectiveness in ESPs and baghouses, the use of amended silicates in lignite-derived flue gases for Hg capture, and the use of Hg adsorbents within a baghouse. The scientific approach to solving the problems associated with controlling Hg emissions from lignite-fired power plants involves conducting testing of the following processes and technologies that have shown promise on a bench, pilot, or field scale: (1) activated carbon injection (ACI) upstream of an ESP combined with sorbent enhancement, (2) Hg oxidation and control using wet and dry scrubbers, (3) enhanced oxidation at a full-scale power plant using tire-derived fuel (TDF) and oxidizing catalysts, and (4) testing of Hg control technologies in the Advanced Hybrid{trademark} filter insert.

Steven A. Benson; Charlene R. Crocker; Kevin C. Galbreath; Jay R. Gunderson; Mike J. Holmes; Jason D. Laumb; Michelle R. Olderbak; John H. Pavlish; Li Yan; Ye Zhuang; Jill M. Zola

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Mobile health: beyond consumer apps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The explosion of apps for the medical and wellness sectors has been noted by many. Consumer apps, which provide innovative solutions for self management for a range of health problems have flooded the market, due to high consumer demand. More recently ... Keywords: health, human computer interaction, human factors, mobile, wellbeing, wellness

Jill Freyne

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Effect of environment atmosphere on the sintering of Thai lignite fly ashes  

SciTech Connect

Sintering of ash particles, related to deposit formation in a pulverized coal-fired boiler, was investigated for two lignite fly ashes obtained from Mae Moh and Bangpudum coal seams. The tests involved measuring the compressive strength of cold sintered pellets at varying sintering temperature, both under oxidizing (air) and non-oxidizing atmospheres (CO{sub 2}). Under ambient air condition, Mae Moh fly ash which contained higher amount of glassy phase gave significantly higher sinter strength than Bangpudum fly ash. The role of glassy phase was confirmed by the lowering of sinter strength when HF-extracted fly ash was tested. Sintering under CO{sub 2} environment resulted in larger strength development than sintering in air. Under this non-oxidizing condition, the pellet color turned black, indicating that most of the iron was in the reduced state and could form additional low melting-point glassy phase, hence facilitated sintering rate. In addition, blending of the two ashes yielded intermediate maximum strength, under both air and CO{sub 2} environments. This observation substantiates the important role of glassy phase in the sintering process and indicates the possibility of lowering deposit strength by judicious mixing of different raw coal feeds.

Tangsathitkulchai, C.; Tangsathitkulchai, M. [Suranaree Univ. of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima (Thailand)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

158

Dragonflies of freshwater pools in lignite spoil heaps: Restoration management, habitat structure and conservation value  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although numerous studies of several terrestrial groups have revealed high conservation potential of post-industrial sites, freshwater habitats in post-mining sites still remain little explored. Here we present a study of dragonflies (Odonata) colonizing 61 freshwater pools newly established at 9 lignite spoil heaps in the north-western Czech Republic, Central Europe. We aimed mainly on effects of the three prevailing pool restoration methods (spontaneously inundated depressions at non-reclaimed sites, at reclaimed sites; and novel technically constructed ponds) along with several factors of the local habitat and surrounding landscape on species richness, conservation values, and species composition of the dragonfly communities. By recording of 32 species of lentic dragonflies (including 8 threatened ones) and 2 additional threatened lotic species, we documented the conservation value of post-industrial habitats also for aquatic arthropods. None of the three restoration methods supported dragonfly communities of distinctly higher conservation value then did the two others, each method generated habitats for different threatened species. Similar patterns were revealed also for vegetation heterogeneity, bottom substrate, water shading, and surrounding terrestrial habitats. We thus conclude that a mosaic-like combination of the restoration methods and creating of heterogeneous water pools will be most effective for restoring of freshwater biodiversity in highly degraded sites.

Filip Harabiš; Filip Tichanek; Robert Tropek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Vegetation trends in reclaimed areas at Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine, Grimes County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Vegetation productivity and cover studies have been conducted annually at the Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine since 1989, and multiple annual clippings have been collected since 1991. The primary purpose of these studies was to examine revegetation success, in terms of herbaceous productivity, for various post-mine soil types. However, the studies also contain detailed information on species composition. For the years in which multiple annual clippings have been collected (1991 through 1996), total vegetation cover increased, with the mean proportion of bare ground dropping from 12% in 1991 to 1% in 1996. Relative proportions of most introduced and native grasses were virtually static from 1991 through 1994; in 1995, however, herbicide applications to reduce clover cover resulted in a dramatic increase in total grass cover, especially in bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) and Indiangrass (Sorgastrum nutans). In contrast to the trends of other introduced and native grasses, bahiagrass increased in cover throughout the study period, increasing from 7% in 1991 to 21 % in 1996. Annual and weedy grass species decreased in cover throughout the study period, falling from 12% cover in 1991 to 2% in 1996. This trend of displacement of annuals by perennials is typically observed during ecological succession in natural vegetation communities, and appears to have been accelerated by the herbicide application.

Westerman, C.A. [Morrison Knudsen Corp., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Coal facies in a Cenozoic paralic lignite bed, Krabi Basin, southern Thailand: Changing peat-forming conditions related to relative sea-level controlled watertable variations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Cenozoic Krabi Basin in the southern part of peninsular Thailand contains about 112 million tons proven coal reserves. At present, coal is only produced from the Bang Mark mine located in the southern part of the basin, where the main lignite bed is 7–20 m thick. The lignite bed occurs in an overall paralic succession. The present paper investigates the depositional conditions of an approximately 8 m thick lignite bed (main seam) in the Bang Mark mine using organic petrography, including maceral ratios, and geochemistry. The results are further interpreted in a sequence stratigraphic context. The lignite is of low rank and is completely dominated by huminite indicating generally oxygen-deficient conditions in the precursor mire. Very low inertinite contents suggest rare occurrences of wildfires. The lower part of the lignite bed represents a topogenous fresh water peat mire with open water areas that in few cases may have experienced influx of saline water. The peat mire was subjected to periodic inundations and deposition of siliciclastics. Tissue preservation was relatively poor. The upper part of the lignite bed represents a slightly domed fresh water ombrogenous peat mire with a stable watertable and a balance between peat accumulation and accommodation space creation that favoured preservation of plant tissues. In general, the mire vegetation changed from less woody in the topogenous mire to more arborescent in the ombrogenous mire, where plants with suberinised wood cell walls also were more frequent. Decompacted, the lignite bed corresponds to a minimum ~ 11 m thick peat deposit that records from ~ 22,000 to 55,000 years of peat accumulation. Watertable rise in the peat mire was controlled overall by relative sea-level rise. In a sequence stratigraphic context, the lignite bed overlies a terrestrialisation surface (TeS; sensu Diessel, 2007) and the lowermost part records peat formation during a falling watertable and a decreasing accommodation/peat accumulation ratio (terrestrialisation). An accommodation reversal surface (ARS; sensu Diessel, 2007) indicates a change to paludification style of peat formation characterised by rising watertable and a high accommodation/peat accumulation ratio. Another ARS marks a gradual change to a situation with a balanced accommodation/peat accumulation ratio. The overall watertable rise throughout peat formation, but at a gradually slower rate from base to top, suggests that the lignite bed could be located in the late transgressive systems tract (TST).

H.I. Petersen; B. Ratanasthien

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Consumer Connection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumer Connection Consumer Connection Jump to: navigation, search Return to Connections to Energy Use Data and Information Page Consumers - please provide comments We are interested in finding out what you, as a residential or commercial consumer, think about gaining access to your energy use data. Please provide us with your thoughts on the results of the Utility data access map, describe how you currently use (or would like to use) energy data to make informed decisions about your energy use, or simply ask us a question. We look forward to hearing from you. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.comments powered by Disqus Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Consumer_Connection&oldid=413979" Category: UAM What links here

162

Consumer About | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer Smart Disclosure is an innovative new tool designed to help consumers make better informed decisions and benefit from new products and services powered by data. It refers to expanding access to data in machine-readable formats so that innovators can create interactive services and tools that allow consumers to make important choices in sectors such as health care, education, finance, energy, transportation, and telecommunications. The United States committed to promoting the use of Smart Disclosure in the U.S. Open Government National Action Plan. In September 2011, the White House Office of Management and Budget released guidance to agencies on

163

VI.5 Recycling of plastic waste, rubber waste and end-of-life cars in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Among different types of consumer waste in Germany, plastic waste, rubber waste, and end-of-life cars are closely intertwined. Processing techniques applied to these types of consumer waste are identical in many cases. This chapter outlines these similarities and discusses each type of consumer waste. The regulations for plastic waste recycling only apply to private households. Regulations are limited to packaging waste with the ordinance on packaging waste being the legal provision. The recycling of packaging remnants from production or defective production units is partially organized by producers themselves. Energy recovery of plastic packaging is limited to combined heat and power stations. Packaging waste that cannot be submitted to mechanical recycling is usually treated by the means of feedstock recycling. The treatment of plastic waste comprises fragmentation, sizing, sorting, washing and drying, agglomeration, and granulation. Rubber waste is unsuitable for deposition at landfill sites because of poor compressibility, resilient surfaces, extremely long rotting time, and forming of cavities with air inclusion. An increased utilization of rubber waste in the production of new tires depends directly on the quality of the vulcanization process.

Peter Dreher; Martin Faulstich; Gabriele Weber-Blaschke; Burkhard Berninger; Uwe Keilhammer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Consumer Acceptance Of Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumer Acceptance Of Smart Consumer Acceptance Of Smart Grid Electricity Advisory Committee June 6, 2013 Thanks To * Sonny Popowsky * Sue Kelly * Phyllis Reha * Bob Curry * Paul Centolella * Chris Peters * David Till * Paul Hudson * Tom Sloan * Wanda Reder Paper Objective * End-Use Consumer Acceptance Of Smart Grid Critical To Infrastructure Investments Being Fully Realized * While Utilities & Regulators Have Prime Role In Shaping SG, There Is Role For DOE As Facilitator & Educator * Focus Of This Paper Is On Systems Installed Inside Homes & Businesses Issues Experienced In Early Smart Grid Roll-Outs * Initial Resistance By Some End-Use Consumer Groups To Smart Grid Installation * Early Technology Roll-Outs Were Not Prepared For This Pushback * Since These Initial Efforts, Lessons-Learned

165

Private Regulation of Consumer Arbitration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arbitration providers, such as the American Arbitration Association (“AAA”) and JAMS, have promulgated due process protocols to regulate the fairness of consumer and employment arbitration agreements. A common criticism of these due process...

Drahozal, Christopher R.; Zyontz, Samantha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Gasification of lignite in a fixed bed reactor: Influence of particle size on performance of downdraft gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, an experimental study of the gasification of lignite with various particle sizes was carried out in a pilot-scale (10 kWe) downdraft type fixed bed gasifier. The main objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility of the lignite as a fuel for downdraft gasifier and to evaluate the effect of the particle size on gasifier performance. The influence of the particle size on fuel consumption rate, temperature profile in various zone, gas yield, gas composition and cold gas efficiency was studied. Six different particle sizes viz. 13–16 mm, 16–19 mm, 19–22 mm, 22–25 mm, 25–28 mm, 28–31 mm were selected for experimental work. With the increase in particle size, the reduction in fuel consumption rate was observed, whereas the producer gas production rate had increased. The heating value of the gas increased as particle size increased from 13–16 mm to 22–25 mm and then same had decreased with increase in particle size. Higher temperature in reduction zone resulted in higher H2 and CO contents in producer gas. Under the experiment conditions, the fuel consumption rate, gas yields, LHV (Lower heating value) of gas fuel and cold gas efficiency varied in the range of 9.58–10.67 kg/hr, 2.43–2.63 Nm3/kg, 3.33–4.17 MJ/Nm3 and 51.5%–65.7% respectively. The experimental results showed that the gasification performance was better with lignite particle size of 22–25 mm.

Vimal R. Patel; Darshit S. Upadhyay; Rajesh N. Patel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Transformation of alkali metals during pyrolysis and gasification of a lignite  

SciTech Connect

Transformation of Na and K in a lignite was investigated during pyrolysis and gasification in a fixed-bed by using a serial dissolution method with H{sub 2}O, CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4}, and HCl solutions. The evolution of the fractions of four forms in solid and alkali volatilization during pyrolysis and gasification was determined. The results show that a different mode of occurrence between Na and of K in coal existed. Na in coal can be nearly completely dissolved by H{sub 2}O, CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4}, and HCl solution. However, K in coal exists almost in the stable forms. Both H{sub 2}O soluble and CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4} soluble Na and K fractions decline during pyrolysis and early gasification stage and increase a little with the process of char gasification. The stable form Na in the char produced during pyrolysis is transferred to other forms during char gasification via the pore opening and a series of chemical reactions. Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} (K{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) may play an important role in producing stable forms such as Na{sub 2}O.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}2SiO{sub 2} and K{sub 2}O.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.2SiO{sub 2} during pyrolysis. The fraction of HCl soluble K increases during pyrolysis but decreases markedly during the early gasification stage. 20 refs., 7 figs., 1 tabs.

Xiaofang Wei; Jiejie Huang; Tiefeng Liu; Yitian Fang; Yang Wang [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan (China). Institute of Coal Chemistry

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Gasification and Chemical-Looping Combustion of a Lignite Char in a Fluidized Bed of Iron Oxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasification and Chemical-Looping Combustion of a Lignite Char in a Fluidized Bed of Iron Oxide ... Taking reactions R1 and R2 together, the fuel has been combusted but resulting CO2 has been separated from N2 in the air, while the total heat evolved is the same as for the direct combustion of the fuel in air. ... The amount of carbon in the bed at the end of each feeding period could then be determined by combusting the char in air and measuring the total amount of CO2 and CO produced. ...

T. A. Brown; J. S. Dennis; S. A. Scott; J. F. Davidson; A. N. Hayhurst

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

Reaction rate kinetics for the non-catalytic hydrogenation of Texas lignite with tetralin and hydrogen gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recorder 2 ? i2 9 power supply 3 ? Air motor agitator ? Fluidized sand bath 5 ? TC-4B temp. controller 6 ? Quench tank 7 ? Thermometer S ? Pneumatic fail-safe 9 ? Air filter 10 ? Air flow regulator ll ? Condensate trap 12 ? T-reactor system 13... by: Chairman of Commi tee) (Member) (Member) (He d of Devartment) May 1980 ABSTRACT Reaction Rate Kinetics for the Non-Catalytic Hydrogenation of Texas Lignite with Tetralin and Hydrogen Gas. (May 1980) David Allen Shumbera, B. S. , Texas A...

Shumbera, David Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

170

The effect of CO? on the flammability limits of low-BTU gas of the type obtained from Texas lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. W. N. Heffington An experimental study was conducted to determine if relatively large amounts of CO in a low-BTU gas of the type 2 derived from underground gasification of Texas lignite would cause significant... ? Flammability limit data for three actual samples of low-BTU gas obtained from an in-situ coal gasification experiment (Heffington, 1981). The HHC are higher LIST OF TABLES (Cont'd) PAGE hydrocarbons orimarily C H and C H . ----- 34 I 2 6 3 8' TABLE 5...

Gaines, William Russell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

171

Correlation of Paleocene Harmon and Hansen lignite beds, Adams, Billings, Bowman, Golden Valley, Hettinger, and Slope Counties, Williston Basin, North Dakota  

SciTech Connect

In southwestern North Dakota, minable lignite beds in the Paleocene Fort Union Formation include the Harmon and Hansen beds in the Bowman-Gascoyne area. Data from more than 700 drill holes penetrating these beds was used to construct stratigraphic cross sections. The Harmon and Hansen beds are the thickest and most laterally persistent lignites found under < 150 ft of overburden. The Harmon coal bed is as much as 34 ft thick, and is often split by claystone interbeds of variable thickness. The Hansen coal bed typically occurs 10--100 ft below the Harmon coal bed; it rarely attains a thickness of 15 ft, and averages 4 ft in thickness.

Keighin, C.W.; Flores, R.M.; Ochs, A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

172

Volume reduction of hot cell plastic wastes  

SciTech Connect

The disposal of radioactively-contaminated solid wastes has become a national crisis. In such circumstances, it is imperative that this waste be reduced to minimum volume and be packaged to prevent pollution of the environment. The majority of the solid waste generated at the hot cell under consideration is plastic lab ware. Cutting this waste into small pieces with a hot wire technique reduced the volume 66%. Melting the waste, although more time consuming, reduced the volume 90%. The hot wire technique can also be used to cut up damaged master slave manipulator boots, greatly reducing their disposal volume.

Dykes, F W; Henscheid, J P; Lewis, L C; Lundholm, C W; Nicklas, J H

1989-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

173

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) -Geothermal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - GeothermalGround-Source Heat Pumps Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - GeothermalGround-Source Heat Pumps...

174

ORISE: Consumer Health Resource Information Service (CHRIS) ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer Health Resource Information Service (CHRIS) ORISE partners with NLM to develop faith-based information service to combat health disparities among minorities Consumer...

175

Consumer preferences for seafood information attributes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Changes in consumer preferences have created a need for developing differentiated and higher valued seafood products. Providing consumers with more information about seafood products at… (more)

Fonner, Robert C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and...

177

Cogasification of Polyethylene and Lignite in a Dual Fluidized Bed Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(20) There were two types of plastics used, a shredder light fraction (SLF) from end-of-life vehicles and pellets made of selected plastics from municipal solid waste. ... Shredder-light fraction ...

Stefan J. Kern; Christoph Pfeifer; Hermann Hofbauer

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

178

Consumer Winter Heating Oil Costs  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Using the Northeast as a regional focus for heating oil, the typical oil-heated household consumes about 680 gallons of oil during the winter, assuming that weather is "normal." The previous three winters were warmer than average and generated below normal consumption rates. Last winter, consumers saw large increases over the very low heating oil prices seen during the winter of 1998-1999 but, outside of the cold period in late January/early February they saw relatively low consumption rates due to generally warm weather. Even without particularly sharp cold weather events this winter, we think consumers are likely to see higher average heating oil prices than were seen last winter. If weather is normal, our projections imply New England heating oil

179

Nuclear Waste: Knowledge Waste?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4). Although disposal of HLW remains...for long-term disposal is through deep...successful waste-disposal program has eluded...geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Authorized...Administration withdrew funding for Yucca Mountain...

Eugene A. Rosa; Seth P. Tuler; Baruch Fischhoff; Thomas Webler; Sharon M. Friedman; Richard E. Sclove; Kristin Shrader-Frechette; Mary R. English; Roger E. Kasperson; Robert L. Goble; Thomas M. Leschine; William Freudenburg; Caron Chess; Charles Perrow; Kai Erikson; James F. Short

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

180

Public Utilities Commission Consumer Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Public Utilities Commission Consumer Programs Water Programs The CPUC regulates company's service territory and have varying income limits. Check with your water utility to find out plans that can help you man- age your bills. Contact the utility directly, using the customer service

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Evaluation of Consumer Behavior Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an energy efficient economy? Can a marketing effort reduce energy use by: · Enhancing local energy efficiency efforts? · Motivating consumers to adopt energy efficient behavior? 4 The Approach Goal: To make energy efficiency as normal as recycling or not littering. Process: Gathered & reviewed existing

182

The Need for Essential Consumer Protections  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Need for Essential Consumer Protections Need for Essential Consumer Protections THE NEED FOR ESSENTIAL CONSUMER PROTECTIONS SMART METERING PROPOSALS AND THE MOVE TO TIME-BASED PRICING August 2010 NCLC NATIONAL CONSUMER L AW C E N T E R ® ® The Need for Essential Consumer Protections Copyright © 2010 AARP, National Consumer Law Center, National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates, Consumers Union, and Public Citizen. Reprinting with permission. ACkNOwLEDGMENTS The consumer organizations acknowledge the assistance of Barbara R. Alexander, Consumer Affairs Consultant, in the preparation of this paper. 1 There is widespread consensus that the U.S. distribution and transmission systems for vital electricity service need to be modernized and upgraded. This modernization has been recently promoted under the rubric of the

183

Home Energy Saver for Consumers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Energy Saver for Consumers Home Energy Saver for Consumers The Home Energy Saver(tm) (HES) empowers homeowners and renters to save money, live better, and help the earth by reducing energy use in their homes. HES recommends energy-saving upgrades that are appropriate to the home and make sense for the home's climate and local energy prices. The money invested in these upgrades commonly earns "interest" in the form of energy bill savings, at an annual rate of 20% or more. Depending on the type of improvement made, the home can achieve better comfort (warmer in winter, cooler in summer), fewer drafts, lower maintenance costs, and improved security and fire safety-all of which improve life and increase the home's value. HES computes a home's energy use on-line in a matter of seconds based on

184

POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON FROM NORTH DAKOTA LIGNITE: AN OPTION FOR DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCT CONTROL IN WATER TREATMENT PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

New federal drinking water regulations have been promulgated to restrict the levels of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in finished public water supplies. DBPs are suspected carcinogens and are formed when organic material is partially oxidized by disinfectants commonly used in the water treatment industry. Additional federal mandates are expected in the near future that will further affect public water suppliers with respect to DBPs. Powdered activated carbon (PAC) has traditionally been used by the water treatment industry for the removal of compounds contributing to taste and odor problems. PAC also has the potential to remove naturally occurring organic matter (NOM) from raw waters prior to disinfection, thus controlling the formation of regulated DBPs. Many small water systems are currently using PAC for taste and odor control and have the potential to use PAC for controlling DBPs. This project, a cooperative effort between the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), the Grand Forks Water Treatment Plant, and the University of North Dakota Department of Civil Engineering, consists of several interrelated tasks. The objective of the research was to evaluate a cost-effective PAC produced from North Dakota lignite for removing NOM from water and reducing trihalomethane formation potential. The research approach was to develop a statistically valid testing protocol that can be used to compare dose-response relationships between North Dakota lignite-derived PAC and commercially available PAC products. A statistical analysis was performed to determine whether significant correlations exist between operating conditions, water properties, PAC properties, and dose-response behavior. Pertinent physical and chemical properties were also measured for each of the waters and each of the PACs.

Daniel J. Stepan; Thomas A. Moe; Melanie D. Hetland; Margaret L. Laumb

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Task 50 - deposition of lignites in the Fort Union Group and related strata of the northern Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

Late Cretaceous, Paleocene, and early Eocene geologic and paleontologic studies were undertaken in western North Dakota, eastern and south-central Montana, and northwestern and northeastern Wyoming. These study areas comprise the Williston, Bighorn, and Powder River Basins, all of which contain significant lignite resources. Research was undertaken in these basins because they have the best geologic sections and fossil record for the development of a chronostratigraphic (time-rock) framework for the correlation of lignite beds and other economic resources. A thorough understanding of the precise geologic age of the deposition of sediments permits a powerful means of interpreting the record of geologic events across the northern Great Plains. Such an understanding allows for rigorous interpretation of paleoenviromnents and estimates of resource potential and quality in this area of economically significant deposits. This work is part of ongoing research to document change in the composition of molluscan fossil faunas to provide a paleoenvironmentally sensitive independent means of interpreting time intervals of brief duration during the Late Cretaceous, Paleocene, and Eocene. This study focuses on the record of mollusks and, to a lesser extent, mammals in the (1) Hell Creek-Tullock Formations, which include the Cretaceous-Paleocene boundary, in the western portion of the Williston Basin, Montana; (2) uppermost Cretaceous, Paleocene, and lowermost Eocene strata in western North Dakota, which -includes the last interior seaway in North Dakota; (3) upper Paleocene and lowermost Eocene of the northern portion of the Bighorn Basin of south-central Montana and northwestern Wyoming; and (4) Powder River Basin of northeastern Wyoming and southeastern Montana. The geologic record provides different physical and paleontological information to aid in interpreting the geologic record through the study interval.

Hartman, J.H.; Roth, B.; Kihm, A.J.

1997-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

186

Estimating Waste Inventory and Waste Tank Characterization |...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Estimating Waste Inventory and Waste Tank Characterization Estimating Waste Inventory and Waste Tank Characterization Summary Notes from 28 May 2008 Generic Technical Issue...

187

Nuclear Waste: Knowledge Waste?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...06520, USA. Nuclear power is re-emerging...proclaiming a “nuclear renaissance...example, plant safety...liabilities, terrorism at plants and in transport...high-level nuclear wastes (HLW...factor in risk perceptions...supporting nuclear power in the abstract...

Eugene A. Rosa; Seth P. Tuler; Baruch Fischhoff; Thomas Webler; Sharon M. Friedman; Richard E. Sclove; Kristin Shrader-Frechette; Mary R. English; Roger E. Kasperson; Robert L. Goble; Thomas M. Leschine; William Freudenburg; Caron Chess; Charles Perrow; Kai Erikson; James F. Short

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

188

Characterization of the mineralogy of the oxidized portion of the overburden and relation of pre-mine mineralogy to success of post-mine reclamation at a lignite mine near Jewett, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production prices made the lignite mines economically unfeasible. The land, which was undeveloped rangeland, cropland and pasture prior to mining, was returned to the same uses, By the 1970s, depletion of native oil and gas reserves, rise in prices forced... production prices made the lignite mines economically unfeasible. The land, which was undeveloped rangeland, cropland and pasture prior to mining, was returned to the same uses, By the 1970s, depletion of native oil and gas reserves, rise in prices forced...

Oliver, Julie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Pathological Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

waste (i.e, mixture of biohazardous and chemical or radioactive waste), call Environment, Health2/2009 Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Pathological Waste Description Biohazard symbol Address: UCSD 200 West Arbor Dr. San Diego, CA 92103 (619

Tsien, Roger Y.

190

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Fees Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Division of Waste Management This chapter establishes the permitting standards for solid waste sites or facilities, the standards applicable to all solid waste sites or

191

An Empirical Study of AAA Consumer Arbitrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Article presents the results from the first detailed empirical study of consumer arbitration as administered by the American Arbitration Association. Primarily using a sample of 301 AAA consumer arbitrations that resulted in an award between...

Drahozal, Christopher R.; Zyontz, Samantha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Involvement, attributions, and consumer responses to rebates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines effects of both purchasing involvement and product involvement on consumers' responses to rebates. In Part One, the study examines ... effects of involvement on consumer responses to a rebate ...

Kenneth A. Hunt; Susan M. Keaveney; Moonkyu Lee

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Age of the Consumer-Innovator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent research shows that consumers collectively generate massive amounts of product innovation. These findings are a wake-up call for both companies and consumers — and have significant implications for our understanding ...

von Hippel, Eric A.

194

Consumer response to child tax credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article uses micro-level data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CEX) to study consumers’ spending responses to the child tax credit. The article provides one test of the ... spending, at the initiation o...

Norbert Michel; Nazneen Ahmad

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Publications Texas Reports Eye Seafood Consumers, Recreational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publications Texas Reports Eye Seafood Consumers, Recreational Facilities, Sport Shrimping, TX 77843. Requests should include title and publication number. Consumer attitudes toward seafood and socio-economic aspects of seafood consumption are explored in "An Analysis of Seafood Consumption Pat

196

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) -Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

dsourceheatpumps.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE Webinar Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofits (Presentation) Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) -...

197

Consumer Value Segments in Mobile Bill Paying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the present study was to explore consumer value in mobile banking and in mobile bill paying especially. Today mobile communications technologies offer an opportunity for vast additional value for consumers' banking actions due to their ... Keywords: Consumer, value, banking, mobile banking, mobile communications

Tommi Laukkanen; Teuvo Kantanen

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Usability and Accessibility in Consumer Health Informatics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usability and Accessibility in Consumer Health Informatics Current Trends and Future Challenges, for innovative eHealth systems to have true value and impact, they must first and foremost be usable challenges in the usability and accessibility of consumer health informatics will be described. Consumer

Shneiderman, Ben

199

The Consumer Market for Beef.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is believed that the preferences expressed have general application to other cities of Texas and the Southwest. Corresponding studies were made I $I Phoenix, Arizona, and Denver, Colorado. i ( FOR BEEF PRODUCERS 1 I Irrespective of price, beef... preference away from beef and to- ward chicken instead of veal. Preference for veal is low among both low and high-income families. Veal preference also is low 1 1 mang Phoenix and Denver families. I , U. S. Good grade beef is preferred by most consumers...

Branson, Robert E.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Characterization of the liquid phase obtained by copyrolysis of Mustafa Kemal Pasa (M.K.P.) Lignite (Turkey) with low density polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

This study describes the detailed hydrocarbon type characterization of the tar (liquid phase) obtained by copyrolysis of Mustafa Kemal Paa (M.K.P.) lignite (Turkey) and low density polyethylene (LDPE) and by pyrolysis of coal and LDPE individually. Various spectroscopic techniques (gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ({sup 1}H NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC)) are used for characterization, and the effect of the experimental conditions (temperature, lignite:low density polyethylene (LDPE) ratio, and catalyst) on the hydrocarbon distributions is discussed. The results show that the tars obtained by copyrolysis have similar properties with commercial gasoline (especially in the presence of Red mud). Red mud and bentonite used as catalysts make a positive effect on the production of olefins instead aromatics. Polyethylene acts as a hydrogenation medium for the coal product as revealed by FTIR results. 18 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.

Ali Sinag; Melike Sungur; Mustafa Gullu; Muammer Canel [Ankara University, Beevler-Ankara (Turkey). Department of Chemistry, Science Faculty

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Consumer Vehicle Choice Model Documentation  

SciTech Connect

In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, “While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle.” Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.

Liu, Changzheng [ORNL] [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Increase of unit efficiency by improved waste heat recovery  

SciTech Connect

For coal-fired power plants with flue gas desulfurization by wet scrubbing and desulfurized exhaust gas discharge via cooling tower, a further improvement of new power plant efficiency is possible by exhaust gas heat recovery. The waste heat of exhaust gas is extracted in a flue gas cooler before the wet scrubber and recovered for combustion air and/or feedwater heating by either direct or indirect coupling of heat transfer. Different process configurations for heat recovery system are described and evaluated with regard to net unit improvement. For unite firing bituminous coal an increase of net unit efficiency of 0.25 to 0.7 percentage points and for lignite 0.7 to 1.6 percentage points can be realized depending on the process configurations of the heat recovery systems.

Bauer, G.; Lankes, F.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Consumer Acceptance and Public Policy - Consumer Acceptance Group B Breakout Session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'B' 'B' Consumer Acceptance Breakout Session #1 - Brainstorm Consumer Acceptance Barriers and Infrastructure Scenarios * Consumer Education/Emotion * Vehicle Exposure - butts in seats (ride & drive, car sharing, IT/phones, rental fleets) * Consumers understanding their needs * Range anxiety/opportunity * Customer Personal Value Proposition * Charging Exposure * Start small (battery size and charging level), move complicated * Marketing * Got Milk? * Patriotism, etc., in place of only green focus * Creating Demand * Emphasize fun/cool/patriotism (again) * Make & model availability * Workplace/public Charging * Multi-unit * V2G * Signage * Financial Incentives Consumer Acceptance 'B' July 30, 2012 Consumer Acceptance Breakout Session #1 - Brainstorm Consumer Acceptance Barriers and Infrastructure

204

Consumers Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Consumers Energy Place Iowa Utility Id 11788 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighitng Metered Memb Maint Pole HPS 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 100 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 150 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 250 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 400 W Lighting

205

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Consumption 125 A P P E N D I X A ABICB Aviation gasoline blending components Billion Btu ABICBZZ = ABTCBZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICBUS = ABTCBUS ABICP Aviation gasoline blending components Thousand barrels ABICPZZ = ABTCPZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICPUS = ABTCPUS ABTCB Aviation gasoline blending components total Billion Btu ABTCBZZ = ABTCPZZ * 5.048 consumed. ABTCBUS = SABTCBZZ ABTCP Aviation gasoline blending components total Thousand barrels ABTCPZZ = (COCAPZZ / COCAPUS) * ABTCPUS consumed. ABTCPUS is independent. AICAP Aluminum ingot production capacity. Short tons AICAPZZ is independent. AICAPUS = SAICAPZZ ARICB Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Billion Btu ARICBZZ = ARICPZZ * 6.636 industrial sector. ARICBUS = SARICBZZ ARICP Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Thousand barrels ARICPZZ = ASICPZZ + RDICPZZ industrial

206

ConsumTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Consumption 125 A P P E N D I X A ABICB Aviation gasoline blending components Billion Btu ABICBZZ = ABTCBZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICBUS = ABTCBUS ABICP Aviation gasoline blending components Thousand barrels ABICPZZ = ABTCPZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICPUS = ABTCPUS ABTCB Aviation gasoline blending components total Billion Btu ABTCBZZ = ABTCPZZ * 5.048 consumed. ABTCBUS = SABTCBZZ ABTCP Aviation gasoline blending components total Thousand barrels ABTCPZZ = (COCAPZZ / COCAPUS) * ABTCPUS consumed. ABTCPUS is independent. AICAP Aluminum ingot production capacity. Short tons AICAPZZ is independent. AICAPUS = SAICAPZZ ARICB Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Billion Btu ARICBZZ = ARICPZZ * 6.636 industrial sector. ARICBUS = SARICBZZ ARICP Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Thousand barrels ARICPZZ = ASICPZZ + RDICPZZ industrial sector.

207

Consumers 2 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumers 2 Wind Farm Consumers 2 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Consumers 2 Wind Farm Facility Consumers 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Consumers Energy Energy Purchaser Consumers Energy Location Marshalltown IA Coordinates 42.0518°, -92.9079° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.0518,"lon":-92.9079,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

208

consumer apps list view | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

consumer apps list view consumer apps list view Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer Smart Disclosure Apps This page highlights apps and websites that use Smart Disclosure-style data to empower consumers to make better informed choices. The purpose is to illustrate the kinds of innovative apps-web- and mobile-based-that Smart Disclosure can fuel. The galleries below include both government-produced apps and apps created by innovators outside government that have won Federal challenges. Showing 1 - 19 of 19 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On Smart Traveler Smart Traveler, the official State Department app for U.S. travelers, invites you to see the world with easy access to frequently updated official country information, travel alerts, travel warnings, maps, U.S. embassy locations, and more. Mobile 09/14/2012

209

Nebraska Hazardous Waste Regulations (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nebraska Hazardous Waste Regulations (Nebraska) Nebraska Hazardous Waste Regulations (Nebraska) Nebraska Hazardous Waste Regulations (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Environmental Quality These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Environmental Quality, contain provisions pertaining to hazardous waste management, waste standards, permitting requirements, and land disposal restrictions

210

Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Control Law (Georgia) Waste Control Law (Georgia) Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams

211

Solid Waste Facilities Regulations (Massachusetts) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid Waste Facilities Regulations (Massachusetts) Solid Waste Facilities Regulations (Massachusetts) Solid Waste Facilities Regulations (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Protection This chapter of the Massachusetts General Laws governs the operation of solid waste facilities. It seeks to encourage sustainable waste management

212

Kinetic study of steam gasification of two mineralogically different lignite chars: An active site/intermediate model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new active site/intermediate model (ASIM) is formulated in terms of a simplified calcium-catalyzed mechanism of char gasification to characterize a conversion-dependent maximum in reaction rate. In a limited case, the model is retrogressed to a common volumetric model (VM). Two sets of kinetic data were experimentally gathered by steam gasification of two lignite chars in a fixed bed reactor with negligible mass diffusion limitation. The gasification behaviors of two chars were, respectively, representative of catalyzed and uncatalyzed gasification as a result of the influences of different mineral components in them. It was found that ASIM intimately fit the kinetic profiles over the entire range of conversion for both catalyzed and uncatalyzed char gasification, demonstrating the good adaptability to varying chars. The model could determine the activation energies for the formation of the total carbon-containing gases and of two individual gases (CO and CO2) from the oxygenated intermediate. Moreover, for the case of catalyzed gasification, ASIM reasonably predicted the formation, growth and decline of the intermediate with carbon conversion as well as the change in the intermediate concentration with gasification temperature. For the case of uncatalyzed gasification, the model portrayed essentially a linear decline in the intermediate concentration with increasing carbon conversion, similar to VM.

Jia Tang; Xuantao Wu; Jie Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

An initial study on feasible treatment of Serbian lignite through utilization of low-rank coal upgrading technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite benefiting from vast fuel reserves, combustion of low-rank coals is commonly characterized by low thermal efficiency and high pollutant emissions, partly due to high moisture content of the coals in question. Thus, removal of moisture from low-rank coals is deemed an important quality upgrading method. The paper provides an overview of the current status of low-rank coal upgrading technologies, particularly with respect to utilization of drying and dewatering procedures. In order to examine the influence of relevant parameters on the moisture removal process, a model of convective coal drying in a packed, as well as in a fluid bed combustion arrangement, is developed and presented. Product-specific data (intraparticle mass transfer, gas–solid moisture equilibrium) related to the coal variety addressed herein (lignite) are obtained through preliminary investigations. Effective thermal conductivity of the packed bed as defined by Zehner/Bauer/Schlünder is used to define heat transfer mechanisms occurring in the packed bed. Similar two-phase fluidization model has been validated for different types of biomaterials.

Milan Staki?; Dejan Cvetinovi?; Predrag Škobalj; Vuk Spasojevi?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

,"Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed",1,"Monthly","112014","1152013" ,"Release...

215

Solid Waste Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program (Alabama) Program (Alabama) Solid Waste Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations This article states the authority of the department, regulations for the control of unauthorized dumping, disposal fees, violations and penalties. Solid waste refers to any garbage, rubbish, construction or demolition debris, ash, or sludge from a waste treatment facility, water supply plant, or air pollution control facility, and any other discarded materials, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting

216

Consumer value creation in mobile banking services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents findings of the study that explored consumer value creation in various mobile banking services. New electronic channels are replacing the more traditional ones. Mobile devices represent the recent development in electronic service ... Keywords: banking services, consumer value creation, customer value creation, electronic banking, m-services, marketing strategies, mobile banking, mobile communications, mobile phones, mobile services, perceived value

Tommi Laukkanen; Jari Lauronen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Clean solid biofuel production from high moisture content waste biomass employing hydrothermal treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Our society currently faces three challenges, including resource depletion, waste accumulation and environmental degradation, leading to rapidly escalating raw material costs and increasingly expensive and restrictive waste disposal legislation. This work aims to produce clean solid biofuel from high moisture content waste biomass (bio-waste) with high nitrogen (N)/chlorine (Cl) content by mild hydrothermal (HT) conversion processes. The newest results are summarized and discussed in terms of the mechanical dewatering and upgrading, dechlorination, denitrification and coalification resulting from the HT pretreatment. Moreover, both the mono-combustion and co-combustion characteristics of the solid fuel are reviewed by concentrating on the pollutants emission control, especially the NO emission properties. In addition, the feasibility of this HT solid biofuel production process is also discussed in terms of “Energy Balance and economic viability”. As an alternative to dry combustion/dry pyrolysis/co-combustion, the HT process, combining the dehydration and decarboxylation of a biomass to raise its carbon content aiming to achieve a higher calorific value, opens up the field of potential feedstock for lignite-like solid biofuel production from a wide range of nontraditional renewable and plentiful wet agricultural residues, sludge and municipal wastes. It would contribute to a wider application of HT pretreatment bio-wastes for safe disposal and energy recycling.

Peitao Zhao; Yafei Shen; Shifu Ge; Zhenqian Chen; Kunio Yoshikawa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The natural radioactivity contents in feed coals from the lignite-fired power plants in Western Anatolia, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......consumption of electric energy. In the last 30 y, energy consumption per person, which...of the electric energy production is provided...their products. The average activity concentrations...consumed domestically for home use, but, today......

N. Füsun Çam; Günseli Yaprak; Elif Eren

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Method for forming consumable electrodes from metallic chip scraps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method relates to metallurgical recycling of waste products, preferably titanium alloys chips scrap. Accordingly after crushing and cleaning, the chip scrap is subjected to vacuum-thermal degassing (VTD); the chip scrap is pressed into briquettes; the briquettes are placed into a mould allowing sufficient remaining space for the addition of molten metal alloy; the mould is pre-heated before filling with the molten metal alloy; the mould remaining space is filled with molten metal alloy. After cooling, the electrode is removed from the mould. The method provides a means for 100% use of chip scrap in producing consumable electrodes having increased mechanical strength and reduced interstitial impurities content leading to improved secondary cast alloys.

Girshov, Vladimir Leonidovich (St. Petersburg, RU); Podpalkin, Arcady Munjyvich (St. Petersburg, RU); Treschevskiy, Arnold Nikolayevich (St. Petersburg, RU); Abramov, Alexey Alexandrovich (St. Petersburg, RU)

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

220

Waste Hoist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Primary Hoist: 45-ton Rope-Guide Friction Hoist Completely enclosed (for contamination control), the waste hoist at WIPP is a modern friction hoist with rope guides. With a 45-ton...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Nuclear Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear waste is radioactive material no longer considered valuable...238U, 235U, and 226Ra (where the latter decays to 222Rn gas by emitting an alpha particle) or formed through fission of fissile radioisotopes ...

Rob P. Rechard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption Physical Units Coal in the United States is mostly consumed by the electric power sector. Data are collected by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) on Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report," and predecessor forms. "ZZ" in the variable name is used to represent the two-letter state code: CLEIPZZ = coal consumed by the electric power sector in each state, in thousand short tons. CLEIPUS = SCLEIPZZ Seven data series are used to estimate state coal consumption for the other sectors. They are derived from various coal consumption and distribution surveys conducted by EIA. Four are U.S.-level consumption data series, available in thousands of short tons: CLACPUS = coal consumed by the transportation sector in the United States; CLHCPUS = coal consumed by the commercial sector (residential and commercial sector prior to 2008) in

223

Consumer Apps Page | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apps Page Apps Page Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer Smart Disclosure Apps This page highlights apps and websites that use Smart Disclosure-style data to empower consumers to make better informed choices. The purpose is to illustrate the kinds of innovative apps-web- and mobile-based-that Smart Disclosure can fuel. The galleries below include both government-produced apps and apps created by innovators outside government that have won Federal challenges. This page highlights only a fraction of the kinds of applications that Smart Disclosure can make possible. Have an app or website you think should be highlighted as an example of Smart Disclosure? Let us know in our Forums. When you click on the images or titles below, you will be leaving the

224

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association Mid-West Electric Consumers Association 4350 Wadsworth Blvd., Suite 330, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Tel: (303) 463-4979 Fax: (303) 463-8876 April 1, 2009 Transmission Infrastructure Program Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228-8213 Comments on the Proposed Adoption of a Transmission Infrastructure Program The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Western Area Power Administration's ("Western" or "WAPA") two Federal Register notices: Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments, and Notice of Availability of Request for Interest (FRN), published March 4, 2009 (pp. 9392-9393). The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association was founded in 1958 as the regional

225

Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,020 1,019 1,019 1,032 1,039 1,037 2007-2013...

226

Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,050 1,048 1,048 1,050 1,055 1,042 2013-2014...

227

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Self-Reflection and Articulated Consumer Preferences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate measurement of consumer preferences reduces development costs and leads to successful products. Some product-development teams use quantitative methods such as conjoint analysis or structured methods such as ...

Hauser, John R.

229

Consumer Powerline CPLN | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Efficiency Product: A US-based energy efficiency company with a focus on demand-response technology. References: Consumer Powerline (CPLN)1 This article is a stub. You...

230

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

West Electric Consumers Association 4350 Wadsworth Blvd., Suite 330, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Tel: (303) 463-4979 Fax: (303) 463-8876 April 1, 2009 Transmission Infrastructure Program...

231

California Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,024 1,028 1,029 1,028 1,028 1,031 2013-2014...

232

Connecticut Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,016 1,019 1,020 1,022 1,022 1,023 2013-2014...

233

,"New York Number of Natural Gas Consumers"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1: Residential" "Sourcekey","NA1501SNY8","NA1508SNY8","NA1509SNY8" "Date","New York Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Count)","New York Natural Gas Number...

234

Delaware Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,051 1,045 1,049 1,063 1,065 1,062 2013-2014...

235

Pennsylvania Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,038 1,037 1,034 1,036 1,040 1,048 2007-2013...

236

Illinois Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,020 1,020 1,020 1,022 1,020 1,021 2013-2014...

237

Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,022 1,006 993 984 996 1,005 2013-2014...

238

Arizona Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,031 1,028 1,028 1,030 1,032 1,032 2013-2014...

239

Maryland Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,049 1,047 1,052 1,051 1,051 1,049 2013-2014...

240

Oregon Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,034 1,041 1,044 1,029 1,035 1,033 2013-2014...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Iowa Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,036 1,040 1,039 1,043 1,047 1,044 2013-2014...

242

Minnesota Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,034 1,038 1,042 1,042 1,051 1,046 2013-2014...

243

Indiana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,019 1,023 1,023 1,025 1,030 1,028 2013-2014...

244

Montana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,027 1,032 1,030 1,038 1,036 1,040 2013-2014...

245

Missouri Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,014 1,011 1,016 1,016 1,018 1,017 2013-2014...

246

Florida Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,029 1,025 1,019 1,015 1,015 1,016 2007-2013...

247

Alabama Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,021 1,024 1,025 1,026 1,027 1,029 2013-2014...

248

Maryland Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,035 1,037 1,027 1,027 1,037 1,045 2007-2013...

249

Nebraska Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,011 1,012 1,004 1,011 1,019 1,036 2007-2013...

250

Louisiana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,021 1,028 1,025 1,029 1,029 1,031 2013-2014...

251

Nevada Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,039 1,031 1,033 1,024 1,029 1,034 2007-2013...

252

Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,023 1,022 1,021 1,017 1,015 1,022 2007-2013...

253

California Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,028 1,029 1,028 1,028 1,031 1,033 2013-2014...

254

Connecticut Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,019 1,020 1,022 1,022 1,023 1,021 2013-2014...

255

Georgia Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,026 1,027 1,022 1,018 1,015 1,016 2007-2013...

256

Tennessee Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,027 1,032 1,031 1,032 1,020 1,024 2013-2014...

257

Michigan Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,023 1,021 1,016 1,014 1,017 1,021 2007-2013...

258

Delaware Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,033 1,030 1,023 1,025 1,027 1,049 2007-2013...

259

Florida Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,019 1,019 1,019 1,022 1,023 1,024 2013-2014...

260

Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,040 1,041 1,034 1,031 1,032 1,037 2007-2013...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Kansas Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,023 1,022 1,023 1,025 1,025 1,027 2013-2014...

262

Indiana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,013 1,015 1,012 1,012 1,012 1,015 2007-2013...

263

Arkansas Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,015 1,016 1,012 1,017 1,015 1,021 2007-2013...

264

Michigan Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,017 1,020 1,019 1,015 1,028 1,022 2013-2014...

265

Missouri Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,008 1,007 1,007 1,010 1,012 1,016 2007-2013...

266

Oklahoma Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,037 1,040 1,043 1,042 1,042 1,044 2013-2014...

267

Illinois Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,014 1,013 1,008 1,011 1,011 1,016 2007-2013...

268

Connecticut Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,018 1,019 1,022 1,026 1,031 1,024 2007-2013...

269

Minnesota Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,023 1,029 1,010 1,010 1,019 1,023 2007-2013...

270

Iowa Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,010 1,007 1,006 1,009 1,014 1,029 2007-2013...

271

Nebraska Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,043 1,043 1,047 1,051 1,052 1,050 2013-2014...

272

Arizona Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,027 1,021 1,016 1,015 1,021 1,025 2007-2013...

273

Alaska Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,006 1,005 1,005 1,013 1,012 1,001 2007-2013...

274

Georgia Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,018 1,021 1,022 1,023 1,023 1,027 2013-2014...

275

Tennessee Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,037 1,028 1,023 1,014 1,014 1,019 2007-2013...

276

Nevada Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,034 1,032 1,033 1,033 1,035 1,033 2013-2014...

277

Pennsylvania Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,046 1,044 1,044 1,046 1,046 1,045 2013-2014...

278

Montana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,016 1,011 1,012 1,016 1,025 1,033 2007-2013...

279

Mississippi Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,026 1,030 1,034 1,035 1,036 1,035 2013-2014...

280

Alaska Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,002 1,001 1,001 1,001 1,001 1,001 2013-2014...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Arkansas Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,018 1,017 1,019 1,021 1,021 1,019 2013-2014...

282

Massachusetts Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,021 1,032 1,035 1,033 1,035 1,034 2007-2013...

283

Maine Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,030 1,033 1,030 1,031 1,039 1,023 2013-2014...

284

Oregon Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,023 1,024 1,015 1,021 1,022 1,016 2007-2013...

285

Kansas Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,034 1,019 1,019 1,020 1,022 1,018 2007-2013...

286

Maine Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,062 1,046 1,044 1,047 1,032 1,028 2007-2013...

287

Alabama Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,025 1,026 1,018 1,018 1,016 1,017 2007-2013...

288

Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,050 1,047 1,048 1,053 1,052 1,052 2013-2014...

289

Mississippi Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,026 1,019 1,014 1,010 1,012 1,015 2007-2013...

290

Oklahoma Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,034 1,033 1,032 1,032 1,030 1,036 2007-2013...

291

Massachusetts Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,030 1,030 1,031 1,030 1,029 1,029 2013-2014...

292

Louisiana Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,035 1,029 1,024 1,019 1,015 1,018 2007-2013...

293

California Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,028 1,027 1,023 1,020 1,022 1,027 2007-2013...

294

Polymer solidification of mixed wastes at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Plant is pursuing polymer solidification as a viable treatment option for several mixed waste streams that are subject to land disposal restrictions within the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act provisions. Tests completed to date using both surrogate and actual wastes indicate that polyethylene microencapsulation is a viable treatment option for several mixed wastes at the Rocky Flats Plant, including nitrate salts, sludges, and secondary wastes such as ash. Treatability studies conducted on actual salt waste demonstrated that the process is capable of producing waste forms that comply with all applicable regulatory criteria, including the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure. Tests have also been conducted to evaluate the feasibility of macroencapsulating certain debris wastes in polymers. Several methods and plastics have been tested for macroencapsulation, including post-consumer recycle and regrind polyethylene.

Faucette, A.M.; Logsdon, B.W.; Lucerna, J.J.; Yudnich, R.J.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Application of microwave solidification technology to radioactive waste  

SciTech Connect

The EPA has declared vitrification to be the Best Available Demonstrated Technology (BDAT) for High Level Radioactive Waste (40 CFR 268.42). Vitrification has been chosen as the method of choice for treating a number of radioactive residues and wastes in the DOE complex. Vitrification offers advantages of waste volume reduction, the ability to handle changing waste forms, and a stable, nonleachable final waste form. Microwave heating is a superior method for vitrification of radioactive wastes. Advantages of microwave heating include: (1) direct waste heating, eliminates need for electrodes, refractories and other consumables; (2) ``in-can`` processing allows for treatment of the material in its final container, (3) a mechanically simple system where the microwaves are generated away from the treatment area and transmitted to the treatment applicator by a wave guide, thus minimizing worker exposure to radiation; (4) easier equipment maintenance; and (5) a high degree of public acceptance.

Harris, M.; Sprenger, G.; Roushey, B.; Fenner, G.; Nieweg, R.

1995-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

296

Behavior of chars from Bursa Mustafa Kemal Pasa Alpagut and Balkesir Dursunbey Cakiirca Lignite (Turkey) during non-catalytic and catalytic gasification  

SciTech Connect

The reactivities of chars obtained by pyrolysis of Bursa Mustafa Kemal Pasa Alpagut lignite and Balkesir Dursunbey Cakiirca lignite (Turkey) at different temperatures were determined by CO{sub 2} gasification and by combustion with O{sub 2}. Catalytic effect of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} on the CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2} gasification reactivity of chars was investigated. Gasification tests were performed in the fixed bed reactors operating at ambient pressure. Reactivity of chars during the CO{sub 2} gasification reactions was determined by calculating the reaction rate constants and reactivity of chars during the O{sub 2} gasification was determined by using ignition temperatures of the samples. Activation energies and Arrhenius constants of the chars on the CO{sub 2} gasification reactions were also calculated by the help of Arrhenius curves. The activation energy for CO{sub 2} gasification was generally decreased with pyrolysis temperature, due to the different surface characteristics and different nature of carbon atoms gasified as the gasification reactions proceed. Generally, the increase in pyrolysis temperature leads to an increase in gasification reactivity with CO{sub 2}. The reactivity of chars in catalytic gasification was higher than the corresponding non-catalytic reactivity of the same chars. Ignition temperature increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature.

Bozkurt, Y.; Misirlioglu, Z.; Sinag, A.; Tekes, A.T.; Canel, M. [Ankara University, Ankara (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Chapter 32 Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste 2 Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky) Chapter 32 Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department for Environmental Protection This administrative regulation establishes procedures to establish the applicable general provisions for generators of hazardous waste. It also

298

Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota) Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota) Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This section describes standards that must be met by facilities generating and processing hazardous and industrial waste, as well as required permits for the construction and operation of such a facility. The statute also

299

Integrated Solid Waste Management Act (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Integrated Solid Waste Management Act (Nebraska) Integrated Solid Waste Management Act (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Environmental Quality This act affirms the state's support for alternative waste management practices, including waste reduction and resource recovery. Each county and

300

Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Transportation of hazardous wastes into or through the State of Connecticut requires a permit. Some exceptions apply. The regulations provide

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Rules and Regulations Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pertaining to the Management of Wastes Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) Rules and Regulations Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Environmental Quality These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Environmental Quality, contain provisions pertaining to waste management permits and licenses,

302

Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hazardous Waste Management Act Hazardous Waste Management Act Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (HWMA) describes a

303

DC Hazardous Waste Management (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DC Hazardous Waste Management (District of Columbia) DC Hazardous Waste Management (District of Columbia) DC Hazardous Waste Management (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider District Department of the Environment This regulation regulates the generation, storage, transportation, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste, and wherever feasible, reduces

304

Hazardous Waste Management (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Hazardous Waste Management (North Dakota) Hazardous Waste Management (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Department of Health is the designated agency to administer and coordinate a hazardous waste management program to provide for the reduction of hazardous waste generation, reuse, recovery, and treatment as

305

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We consumer preferences for fuel efficiency. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

306

WASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource! energy forum Case Studies from Estonia, Switzerland, Germany Bossart,· ABB Waste-to-Energy Plants Edmund Fleck,· ESWET Marcel van Berlo,· Afval Energie Bedrijf From Waste to Energy To Energy from Waste #12;9.00-9.30: Registration 9.30-9.40: Chairman Ella Stengler opens

Columbia University

307

Curing consumers : how the patient became a consumer in modern American medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer-driven health care: Implications for providers,in health and health care: Implications for healthin Health and Health Care: Implications for Health

Lee, Nancy Stark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Consumer Acceptance Group A Breakout Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout session presentation for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

309

Eco-efficient waste glass recycling: Integrated waste management and green product development through LCA  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new eco-efficient recycling route for post-consumer waste glass was implemented. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integrated waste management and industrial production are crucial to green products. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most of the waste glass rejects are sent back to the glass industry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recovered co-products give more environmental gains than does avoided landfill. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy intensive recycling must be limited to waste that cannot be closed-loop recycled. - Abstract: As part of the EU Life + NOVEDI project, a new eco-efficient recycling route has been implemented to maximise resources and energy recovery from post-consumer waste glass, through integrated waste management and industrial production. Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used to identify engineering solutions to sustainability during the development of green building products. The new process and the related LCA are framed within a meaningful case of industrial symbiosis, where multiple waste streams are utilised in a multi-output industrial process. The input is a mix of rejected waste glass from conventional container glass recycling and waste special glass such as monitor glass, bulbs and glass fibres. The green building product is a recycled foam glass (RFG) to be used in high efficiency thermally insulating and lightweight concrete. The environmental gains have been contrasted against induced impacts and improvements have been proposed. Recovered co-products, such as glass fragments/powders, plastics and metals, correspond to environmental gains that are higher than those related to landfill avoidance, whereas the latter is cancelled due to increased transportation distances. In accordance to an eco-efficiency principle, it has been highlighted that recourse to highly energy intensive recycling should be limited to waste that cannot be closed-loop recycled.

Blengini, Gian Andrea, E-mail: blengini@polito.it [DISPEA - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); CNR-IGAG, Institute of Environmental Geology and Geo-Engineering, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); Busto, Mirko, E-mail: mirko.busto@polito.it [DISPEA - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); Fantoni, Moris, E-mail: moris.fantoni@polito.it [DITAG - Department of Land, Environment and Geo-Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); Fino, Debora, E-mail: debora.fino@polito.it [DISMIC - Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Smart Grid Projects Are Improving Performance and Helping Consumers...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Smart Grid Projects Are Improving Performance and Helping Consumers Better Manage their Energy Use Smart Grid Projects Are Improving Performance and Helping Consumers Better Manage...

311

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Success Story...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Success Story: Maryland Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Success Story: Maryland This document contains...

312

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31,...

313

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and Updates the Social Cost of Carbon Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy...

314

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Consumer Acceptance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Consumer Acceptance of Smart Grid - June 6, 2013 EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Consumer Acceptance of Smart Grid - June 6,...

315

Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust Fluid, and Selective Catalytic Reduction Technologies on the AFDC Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel...

316

Waste Disposal (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This article lays an outline of waste disposal regulations, permits and fees, hazardous waste management and underground storage tank requirements.

317

Energy implications of the thermal recovery of biodegradable municipal waste materials in the United Kingdom  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: > Energy balances were calculated for the thermal treatment of biodegradable wastes. > For wood and RDF, combustion in dedicated facilities was the best option. > For paper, garden and food wastes and mixed waste incineration was the best option. > For low moisture paper, gasification provided the optimum solution. - Abstract: Waste management policies and legislation in many developed countries call for a reduction in the quantity of biodegradable waste landfilled. Anaerobic digestion, combustion and gasification are options for managing biodegradable waste while generating renewable energy. However, very little research has been carried to establish the overall energy balance of the collection, preparation and energy recovery processes for different types of wastes. Without this information, it is impossible to determine the optimum method for managing a particular waste to recover renewable energy. In this study, energy balances were carried out for the thermal processing of food waste, garden waste, wood, waste paper and the non-recyclable fraction of municipal waste. For all of these wastes, combustion in dedicated facilities or incineration with the municipal waste stream was the most energy-advantageous option. However, we identified a lack of reliable information on the energy consumed in collecting individual wastes and preparing the wastes for thermal processing. There was also little reliable information on the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digestion and gasification facilities for waste.

Burnley, Stephen, E-mail: s.j.burnley@open.ac.uk [Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Phillips, Rhiannon, E-mail: rhiannon.jones@environment-agency.gov.uk [Strategy Unit, Welsh Assembly Government, Ty Cambria, 29 Newport Road, Cardiff CF24 0TP (United Kingdom); Coleman, Terry, E-mail: terry.coleman@erm.com [Environmental Resources Management Ltd, Eaton House, Wallbrook Court, North Hinksey Lane, Oxford OX2 0QS (United Kingdom); Rampling, Terence, E-mail: twa.rampling@hotmail.com [7 Thurlow Close, Old Town Stevenage, Herts SG1 4SD (United Kingdom)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: $100,000 per facility Custom: 50% of project cost and $200,000 per facility (100% of the calculated incentive up to $100,000 and 50% of the calculated incentive above $100,000) Large Gas Customer Incentive Limit: $25,000 Customer Incentive Limit: $500,000

319

Consumer preferences for green power in Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mexico has an abundant supply of renewable energy resources but little is known about the consumers' preferences for green power consumption. This paper investigates households' preferences for adoption of green power technologies in Central Mexico. Using a structured questionnaire, we presented a green power purchase scenario to elicit consumers' buying intention. We estimate the buying intention for specific adoption of water solar boilers as it is a critical equipment to deploy in the study region. We find some evidence that buying intention is largely influenced by the affordability of equipment, even if such equipment's energy is not green. Equipment availability, relative advantage, and perceived value of utilisation were found to influence buying intention positively. Our results shed light on buying consumers' intentions and the current green power options, and offer practical insight into Mexican household preferences on how to support further deployments of green power.

Pável Reyes-Mercado; Rajagopal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Solid Waste Management (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Michigan) Michigan) Solid Waste Management (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality This Act encourages the Department of Environmental Quality and Health Department representatives to develop and encourage methods for disposing solid waste that are environmentally sound, that maximize the utilization

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Solid Waste Management (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut) Connecticut) Solid Waste Management (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Solid waste facilities operating in Connecticut must abide by these regulations, which describe requirements and procedures for issuing construction and operating permits; environmental considerations;

322

Consumer access to utility billing envelopes  

SciTech Connect

Billing envelope inserts are a medium of advertising used by utilities for a variety of purposes, from encouraging conservation to expressing political opinions. Recently, consumer groups have begun to assert a right of access to the same medium. A constitutional right of reply has been advocated. Commissions have found regulatory authority to direct companies to provide access on the basis of several different theories. At least two states have passed legislation permitting consumer groups to use bill inserts to solicit members and contributions. When examined, these developments reveal a trend of granting organizations access to utility billing envelopes.

Anglin, M.K.

1984-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

323

Consumer's Guide: Get Your Power from the Sun  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Photovoltaics; PV; Grid-Connected; Net Metering; Solar Electricity; Consumer Guides; Solar Energy - Photovoltaics

Starrs, T.; Wenger, H.

2003-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

324

LIGNITE FUEL ENHANCEMENT  

SciTech Connect

The Design Team continued to conference this quarter. Their primary task during this timeframe was to finalize the dryer design based on information learned from the NDIC Pilot work and detailed design discussions at Barr offices in August. Heyl-Patterson was tasked with incorporating all comments and drafting drawings. They submitted a preliminary proposal which spawned detailed discussions about tube bundle, air locks, and fire suppression systems. The type of fire protection specified dictated the final structural arrangement. Three meetings were spent discussing the pro's and con's of suppression vs. ventilation systems. In the end, the dryer and bucket elevator will have suppression systems and the remaining equipment will be explosion vented. This is in agreement with GRE's current insurer, FM Global. Three inlet airlocks were reduced to two and four outlets were reduced to three. The inlet plenum was subdivided for greater flexibility and sparging air added in the outlet plenum. It was also decided to use bundles with varied material, diameter, and tube & fin spacing. This will be completed in an effort to identify for us which configuration has the best heat transfer characteristics using coal as the fluidizing medium. The dryer will also be delivered in four pieces. This will allow for installation through the current access door on the Air Heater deck. The Input/Output list and functional description was completed and forwarded to Honeywell to finalize controls. Major pieces of equipment received this quarter were the Bucket Elevator, Liewell Screen, conveyors, and Motor Control Center. ICI completed removal of the wall separating Silo 28 from the dryer area; handrail and grating between the two areas has also been removed. They relocated a blowdown line. They moved an Air Heater basket access hatch.

Charles Bullinger

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

325

Solar aided power generation of a 300 MW lignite fired power plant combined with line-focus parabolic trough collectors field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays, conventional coal or gas fired power plants are the dominant way to generate electricity in the world. In recent years there is a growth in the field of renewable energy sources in order to avoid the threat of climate change from fossil fuel combustion. Solar energy, as an environmental friendly energy source, may be the answer to the reduction of global CO2 emissions. This paper presents the concept of Solar Aided Power Generation (SAPG), a combination of renewable and conventional energy sources technologies. The operation of the 300 MW lignite fired power plant of Ptolemais integrated with a solar field of parabolic trough collectors was simulated using TRNSYS software in both power boosting and fuel saving modes. The power plant performance, power output variation, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions were calculated. Furthermore, an economic analysis was carried out for both power boosting and fuel saving modes of operation and optimum solar contribution was estimated.

G.C. Bakos; Ch. Tsechelidou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Consumer & Family Studies/Dietetics Dept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer & Family Studies/Dietetics Dept College of Health & Social Sciences Welcome New CFS repurposing apparel Sustainability apparel, food, interiors/housing #12;Basics Burk Hall 329: CFS/D Dept 10-Nov 22; Dec 16 Needs instructor, dept chair, and college dean signatures Needs documentation

327

Buyer agent to Enhance Consumer Awareness: SAATHI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, collecting, or transforming information. On the other hand internet stores are providing services customized for deploying "buyer's agents" whose goal is to best serve the consumer's interests. The Internet contains Introduction The advent and easy accessibility to the Internet has allowed the average citizen to participate

Sen, Sandip

328

BIODIVERSITY Origin matters: alien consumers inflict  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Origin matters: alien consumers inflict greater damage on prey populations, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. E-mail: hughm@uwindsor.ca ABSTRACT Aim Introduced alien regard to whether such species are native or alien. This argument rests on the premise that native

Ricciardi, Anthony

329

Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current world-wide increase of energy demand cannot be matched by energy production and power grid updateModeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers G. Di Bella, L. Giarr`e, M. Ippolito, A. Jean-Marie, G. Neglia and I. Tinnirello § January 2, 2014 Abstract Energy demand aggregators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

Connecticut Number of Natural Gas Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

487,320 489,349 490,185 494,970 504,138 513,492 1986-2013 Sales 489,380 494,065 503,241 512,110 1997-2013 Transported 805 905 897 1,382 1997-2013 Commercial Number of Consumers...

331

Categorization Theory and Research in Consumer Psychology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brand image (e.g., Kraft) affect its categori zation? How will the image affect its acceptance? What, services, brands, or other marketing entities, states, or events that appear, to the consumer, related product is introduced with an existing brand name (e.g., Kraft microwave popcorn), how will the existing

Barsalou, Lawrence W.

332

Idaho Number of Natural Gas Consumers  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

36,191 342,277 346,602 350,871 353,963 359,889 1987-2013 Sales 346,602 350,871 353,963 359,889 1997-2013 Commercial Number of Consumers 37,320 38,245 38,506 38,912 39,202 39,722...

333

Westinghouse Waste Simulation and Optimization Software Tool - 13493  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste is produced during NPP operation and NPP D and D. Different kinds of waste with different volumes and properties have to be treated. Finding a technically and commercially optimized waste treatment concept is a difficult and time consuming process. The Westinghouse waste simulation and optimization software tool is an approach to study the total life cycle cost of any waste management facility. The tool enables the user of the simulation and optimization software to plan processes and storage buildings and to identify bottlenecks in the overall waste management design before starting detailed planning activities. Furthermore, application of the software enables the user to optimize the number of treatment systems, to determine the minimum design capacity for onsite storage facilities, to identify bottlenecks in the overall design and to identify the most cost-effective treatment paths by maintaining optimal waste treatment technologies. In combination with proven waste treatment equipment and integrated waste management solutions, the waste simulation and optimization software provides reliable qualitative results that lead to an effective planning and minimization of the total project planning risk of any waste management activity. (authors)

Mennicken, Kim [Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH, Global Waste Management, Dudenstrasse 44, D-68167 Mannheim (Germany)] [Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH, Global Waste Management, Dudenstrasse 44, D-68167 Mannheim (Germany); Aign, Joerg [Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH, Global Waste Management, Tarpenring 6, D-22419 Hamburg (Germany)] [Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH, Global Waste Management, Tarpenring 6, D-22419 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant HLW Waste Vitrification...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant HLW Waste Vitrification Facility Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant HLW Waste Vitrification Facility Full Document and Summary Versions...

335

WASTE DISPOSAL WORKSHOPS: ANTHRAX CONTAMINATED WASTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WASTE DISPOSAL WORKSHOPS: ANTHRAX CONTAMINATED WASTE January 2010 Prepared for the Interagency left intentionally blank.] #12;Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy PNNL-SA-69994 under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Waste Disposal Workshops: Anthrax-Contaminated Waste AM Lesperance JF Upton SL

336

Online consumer-to-consumer market in China - A comparative study of Taobao and eBay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

China's fast-growing online consumer-to-consumer (C2C) market merits widespread research efforts. However, it has so far received little research attention. In this exploratory study, we chose Taobao - a leading online C2C auction company in China with ... Keywords: China, Consumer-to-consumer market, Electronic commerce, Market concentration, Market structure, Online reputation

Dahui Li; Jun Li; Zhangxi Lin

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Waste Processing | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Processing Waste Processing Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Centers Cask Processing Enclosure. Workers process and repackage waste at...

338

Waste Hoist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Primary Hoist: 45-ton Rope-Guide Friction Hoist Largest friction hoist in the world when it was built in 1985 Completely enclosed (for contamination control), the waste hoist at WIPP is a modern friction hoist with rope guides (uses a balanced counterweight and tail ropes). With a 45-ton capacity, it was the largest friction hoist in the world when it was built in 1986. Hoist deck footprint: 2.87m wide x 4.67m long Hoist deck height: 2.87m wide x 7.46m high Access height to the waste hoist deck is limited by a high-bay door at 4.14m high Nominal configuration is 2-cage (over/under), with bottom (equipment) cage interior height of 4.52m The photo, at left, shows the 4.14m high-bay doors at the top collar of the waste hoist shaft. The perpendicular cross section of the opening is 3.5m x 4.14m, but the bottom cage cross section is 2.87m x 4.5m (and 4.67m into the plane of the photo).

339

PRINT CHARACTERS LIKE THIS CORRECT INCORRECT Consent to Request Consumer Report & Investigative Consumer Report Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bankruptcies, lawsuits, judgments, paid tax liens, unlawful detainer actions, failure to pay spousal or child Employment Verification Sex Offender Search OFAC/Terrorist Watch List Motor Vehicle Report Consumer

New Mexico, University of

340

EV Everywhere Consumer/Charging Workshop: Target-Setting Framework and Consumer Behavior  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Vehicle Technologies Office analyst Jacob Ward at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Bacteria eats radioactive waste  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria eats radioactive waste Bacteria eats radioactive waste Name: deenaharper Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: In my studies, I have found that everything in this world is balanced. When something dies it is converted into life. Is there anything out there that could convert radioactive material into a harmless substance? Some sort of bacteria that consumes radiation? Replies: The reason why radiation is so harmful is that is produces free radicals in living tissue, that is, it de-stabilizes molecules by tearing off electrons due to intense energies. These free radicals start a chain reaction of destruction, de-stabilizing neighboring molecules. If this continues unchecked, cells die, genetic material are mutated, and tissue aging accelerates. It is somewhat like being burned. Fire oxidizes by a similar free radical reaction. (Hence the term "sun burn.") The natural defenses against free radical reactions in biological systems are antioxidants, which are enzymes, nutrients, and other chemicals, which quench free radical reactions. Without them, life would very quickly cease. To my knowledge, no microorganism has an antioxidant capacity great enough to withstand even minimal exposure to any type of radiation. Microorganisms are actually very susceptible to radiation, which is why heat and gamma irradiation are used to sterilize food, instruments, etc. However, you raise an interesting possibility in that perhaps one can be genetically engineered to have super- antioxidant capacity, but that may be beyond current technology. Plus, if any got loose, given the exponential rate of reproduction, they may become an uncontrollable health hazard, as it would be very difficult to destroy them!

342

Heartland Consumers Power Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dist Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Heartland Consumers Power Dist Place South Dakota Utility Id 40604 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Commercial: $0.0733/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Heartland_Consumers_Power_Dist&oldid=41081

343

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2007 Consumer Workshops  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

man presents information about energy-efficient buildings to a group of people seated under a canopy at the 2007 Solar Decathlon. man presents information about energy-efficient buildings to a group of people seated under a canopy at the 2007 Solar Decathlon. Workshops on energy efficiency and solar technologies drew large crowds during the 2007 Solar Decathlon. Solar Decathlon 2007 Consumer Workshops Below are descriptions of the consumer workshops offered at the 2007 Solar Decathlon. Energy Efficiency for the Homeowner Presenter: Lew Pratsch, DOE The workshop focuses on ways to reduce energy bills for new and older homes by discussing topics such as energy efficient mortgages and other resources. Solar for the Homeowner Presenter: Glenn Strahs, DOE Are you ready to add a system onto your home and enjoy the benefits of clean, quiet power whose cost will not increase over time? The workshop

344

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Total Energy The preceding sections of this documentation describe how the Energy In- formation Administration (EIA) arrives at state end-use consumption esti- mates by individual energy source in the State Energy Data System (SEDS). This section describes how all energy sources are added in Btu to create total energy consumption and end-use consumption estimates. Total Energy Consumption Total energy consumption by state is defined in SEDS as the sum of all en- ergy sources consumed. The total includes all primary energy sources used directly by the energy-consuming sectors (residential, commercial, indus- trial, transportation, and electric power), as well as net interstate flow of electricity (ELISB) and net imports of electricity (ELNIB). Energy sources can be categorized as renewable and non-renewable sources: Non-Renewable Sources Fossil fuels: · coal (CL) · net

345

Consumers Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumers Power, Inc. Consumers Power, Inc. Place Philomath, Oregon Zip 97370 Product Oregon-based rural electric cooperative serving members in parts of six counties: Benton, Lincoln, Lane, Linn, Polk, and Marion. Coordinates 44.540135°, -123.368594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.540135,"lon":-123.368594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

Nonhazardous Solid Waste Management Regulations and Criteria (Mississippi)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nonhazardous Solid Waste Management Regulations and Criteria Nonhazardous Solid Waste Management Regulations and Criteria (Mississippi) Nonhazardous Solid Waste Management Regulations and Criteria (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations

347

Solid Waste Management Act (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act (West Virginia) Act (West Virginia) Solid Waste Management Act (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection In addition to establishing a comprehensive program of controlling all phases of solid waste management and assigning responsibilities for solid waste management to the Secretary of Department of Environmental

348

Livestock Waste Management Act (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Livestock Waste Management Act (Nebraska) Livestock Waste Management Act (Nebraska) Livestock Waste Management Act (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Environmental Quality This statute establishes the animal feeding operation permitting program and gives the Department of Environmental Quality the authority to administer the state permitting program. Permits are required for the

349

Hazardous and Nonhazardous Solid Waste Applicant Disclosure Regulations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hazardous and Nonhazardous Solid Waste Applicant Disclosure Hazardous and Nonhazardous Solid Waste Applicant Disclosure Regulations (Mississippi) Hazardous and Nonhazardous Solid Waste Applicant Disclosure Regulations (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi Program Type

350

Solid Waste Management (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South Dakota) South Dakota) Solid Waste Management (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources This statute contains provisions for solid waste management systems, groundwater monitoring, liability for pollution, permitting, inspections, and provisions for waste reduction and recycling programs

351

Solid Waste Management Policy and Programs (Minnesota) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy and Programs (Minnesota) Policy and Programs (Minnesota) Solid Waste Management Policy and Programs (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting These statutes encourage the State and local governments to develop waste management strategies to achieve the maximum possible reduction in waste generation, eliminate or reduce adverse environmental impacts, encourage

352

Streamlined ratemaking: recognizing challenges for consumers  

SciTech Connect

Streamlined ratemaking can be problematic if improper ratemaking practices are employed, consumers are forced to bear risks that have traditionally been born by utilities and their shareholders, and utilities are no longer strongly motivated to provide safe and reliable service at the lowest reasonable cost. Measures can be taken that help preserve the regulator's role as a surrogate for competition, thereby ensuring that rates are both just and reasonable. (author)

Pollock, Jeffry

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Mass Energy Consumers Alliance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alliance Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Mass Energy Consumers Alliance Name Mass Energy Consumers Alliance Address 670 Centre St Place Boston, Massachusetts Zip 02130 Region Greater Boston Area Website http://www.massenergy.com/inde Notes Non-profit organization advocating and acting in the marketplace on behalf of consumers and the environment Coordinates 42.3123967°, -71.1141461° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3123967,"lon":-71.1141461,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

354

The changing mindset in the management of waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...within mainstream business created by this...for recycling or energy recovery and organic...effect of the `green' consumer on...in the UK. The business benefits of moving...the advent of `green' consumerism...intervention in the business waste stream and...implications for energy recovery from...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Integrated solid waste management of Minneapolis, Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1992 cost of the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota (Hennepin County) integrated municipal solid waste management (IMSWM) system, the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. Actual data from records kept by participants is reported in this document. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for municipal solid waste (MSW) management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption for a one-year period, of an operating IMSWM system.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Central Waste Complex (CWC) Waste Analysis Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this waste analysis plan (WAP) is to document the waste acceptance process, sampling methodologies, analytical techniques, and overall processes that are undertaken for waste accepted for storage at the Central Waste Complex (CWC), which is located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Facility, Richland, Washington. Because dangerous waste does not include the source, special nuclear, and by-product material components of mixed waste, radionuclides are not within the scope of this documentation. The information on radionuclides is provided only for general knowledge.

ELLEFSON, M.D.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Radioactive Waste Management (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This section regulates the transportation and disposal of high-level radioactive waste in Minnesota, and establishes a Nuclear Waste Council to monitor the federal high-level radioactive waste...

358

An environment friendly and efficient lignite-fired power generation process based on a boiler with an open pulverizing system and the recovery of water from mill-exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper advances a novel lignite-fired power generation process based on a OPSB (boiler with an open pulverizing system) and the recovery of water from mill-exhaust after the comprehensive analysis of the open pulverizing system used for high-moisture coals and heat/water recovery from boiler exhaust. Then, the thermal calculation method that applies to OPSB is presented based on heat and mass balance analyses of the boiler. Finally, an efficient unit applying the OPSB process is compared with a conventional 600 MW lignite-fired power unit, and the performance of the efficient unit is calculated and discussed in detail. The results show that the efficient unit not only yields a notable increase in the boiler's (2.6%) and the power plant's (1.3%) thermal efficiency but also provides a remarkable advantage in water recovery due to the mass of water vapor concentrated in mill-exhaust. In the efficient unit, the volume fraction of water vapor in mill-exhaust reaches 34%, the water reclaimed from mill-exhaust is so much that a lignite-fired power plant with zero water consumption can be expected, while the pollutant emissions can be reduced in proportion to the increase in boiler thermal efficiency.

Youfu Ma; Yichao Yuan; Jing Jin; Hua Zhang; Xiaohong Hu; Dengyu Shi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Montana Integrated Waste Management Act (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Montana Integrated Waste Management Act (Montana) Montana Integrated Waste Management Act (Montana) Montana Integrated Waste Management Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Institutional Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Program Info State Montana Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Montana Department of Environmental Quality This legislation sets goals for the reduction of solid waste generated by households, businesses, and governments, through source reduction, reuse, recycling, and composting. The state aims to achieve recycling and composting rates of: (a) 17% of the state's solid waste by 2008;

360

Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia) Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia) Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act (SWMA) of 1990 was implemented in order to improve solid waste management procedures,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Solid Waste Assessment Fee Exemptions (West Virginia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid Waste Assessment Fee Exemptions (West Virginia) Solid Waste Assessment Fee Exemptions (West Virginia) Solid Waste Assessment Fee Exemptions (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Rebate Program A person who owns, operates, or leases an approved solid waste disposal facility is exempt from the payment of solid waste assessment fees, upon the receipt of a Certificate of Exemption from the director, if that

362

Radioactive Waste Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish policies and guidelines by which the Department of Energy (DOE) manages tis radioactive waste, waste byproducts, and radioactively contaminated surplus facilities.

1984-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

363

Transuranic Waste Requirements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides criteria for determining if a waste is to be managed in accordance with DOE M 435.1-1, Chapter III, Transuranic Waste Requirements.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

364

Waste?to?Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Waste?to?Energy Roadmapping Workshop Waste?to?Energy Presentation by Jonathan Male, Director of the Bioenery Technolgies Office, Department of Energy

365

Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency August 24, 2012 - 12:28pm Addthis This series of PSAs was created as part of the Ad Council campaign on home energy efficiency. It urges consumers to save energy in order to have more money to spend on things like vacations, movie night, date night, and spa day. This series of PSAs was created as part of the Ad Council campaign on home energy efficiency. It urges consumers to save energy in order to have more money to spend on things like vacations, movie night, date night, and spa day. Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency

366

Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency August 24, 2012 - 12:28pm Addthis This series of PSAs was created as part of the Ad Council campaign on home energy efficiency. It urges consumers to save energy in order to have more money to spend on things like vacations, movie night, date night, and spa day. This series of PSAs was created as part of the Ad Council campaign on home energy efficiency. It urges consumers to save energy in order to have more money to spend on things like vacations, movie night, date night, and spa day. Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency Ad Council Campaign Educates Consumers on Home Energy Efficiency

367

Colorado Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

368

Colorado Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

369

Colorado Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

370

Reducing complexity of consumer electronics interfaces using commonsense reasoning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User interfaces to consumer electronics devices - Video recorders, phones, cameras, washing machines, microwave ovens, etc. - are getting too complicated to be easily used by ordinary consumers. We believe that what is ...

Espinosa Christlieb, José Humberto

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

372

Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

373

Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

374

Green Button Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Button Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage Data Green Button Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage Data September 12, 2013 - 2:41pm Addthis At the White...

375

Nuclear Waste Disposal: Amounts of Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term nuclear waste...embraces all residues from the use of radioactive materials, including uses in medicine and industry. The most highly radioactive of these are the spent fuel or reprocessed wastes from co...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Vermont Highlight...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vermont Highlight (Fact Sheet), Weatherization And Intergovernmental Programs (WIP) Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Vermont Highlight (Fact Sheet), Weatherization...

377

The Important Participants in Demand-Side Management: Power Consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric power consumers are the basis for demand-side management (DSM) practice. Increased power consumption efficiency...

Zhaoguang Hu; Xinyang Han; Quan Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Liquidity Constraints and Consumer Bankruptcy: Evidence from Tax Rebates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquidity Constraints and Consumer Bankruptcy: Evidence from Tax Rebates Tal Gross Matthew J rebates affected consumer bankruptcy filings. We exploit the randomized timing of the rebate checks and estimate that the rebates caused a significant, short-run increase in consumer bankruptcies in both years

Grishok, Alla

379

UAV Consumable Replenishment: Design Concepts for Automated Service Stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A key requirement for the complete autonomy of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is the replenishment of its energy source and other consumables. Such processes are typically overseen and conducted by a human operator, may be time consuming and effectively ... Keywords: Automated consumable replenishment, Autonomy, Axiomatic Design, Enabling technologies, Service stations, Unmanned aerial vehicles

F. Paulo Kemper; Koji A. Suzuki; James R. Morrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Soren T. Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Prices? Soren T. Anderson Michigan State University of consumers about their expectations of future gasoline prices. Overall, we find that consumer beliefs follow a random walk, which we deem a reasonable forecast of gasoline prices, but we find a deviation from

Silver, Whendee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Home Performance Comprehensive Assessment and Installations: $3500 Insulation: $1,025 Windows: $250 Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL Lighting: Retailer Instant Discount Programmable Thermostat: $10 Central A/C and Heat Pumps: $150 - $250 Central A/C Tune up: $50 Ground Source Heat Pump: $200-$300

382

Consumer value creation in mobile banking services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents findings of the study that explored consumer value creation in various mobile banking services. New electronic channels are replacing the more traditional ones. Mobile devices represent the recent development in electronic service distribution. An exploratory study was conducted on experienced electronic banking customers by using a qualitative in-depth interviewing method. The findings increase the understanding of customer-perceived value and value creation on the basis of attributes of mobile services and customer-perceived disadvantages of mobile phones in electronic banking context. The findings allow practitioners to improve their services and marketing strategies and pass on information to the academics about interesting future research areas.

Tommi Laukkanen; Jari Lauronen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

WasteTraining Booklet Waste & Recycling Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WasteTraining Booklet #12;Waste & Recycling Impacts Environment: The majority of our municipal jobs while recycling 10,000 tons of waste creates 36 jobs. Environment: Recycling conserves resources. It takes 95% less energy to make aluminum from recycled aluminum than from virgin materials, 60% less

Saldin, Dilano

384

EV Everywhere Consumer/Charging Workshop: Target-Setting Framework and Consumer Behavior  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer/Charging Workshop: Consumer/Charging Workshop: Target-Setting Framework and Consumer Behavior Jacob Ward, Vehicle Technologies Senior Analyst July 30, 2012 LAX Marriot, Los Angeles, California For "EV Everywhere" Analysis, Three Scenarios 1. PHEV40 - reduces battery size while removing range issues, but involves the higher cost of two powertrains 2. AEV100 - minimizes vehicle purchase cost, but introduces range/vehicle use/infrastructure tradeoffs 3. AEV300 - helps to address range issues, but large battery leads to high vehicle cost Vehicle-level analysis provides a starting point for setting EV Everywhere technical targets for these vehicles. Levelized Cost of Driving (LCD) vehicle purchase price + fuel expenditure over 5 years, expressed per mile traveled

385

Influence of advertising led brand personality consumer congruity on consumer's choice: evidence from Indian apparel market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyse the influence of advertising led brand personality congruity on consumer's response in formulation of favourable attitude towards the apparel brands and the congruity effect on the purchase intention of consumers. It attempts at integrating the concepts of congruity, attitude towards the advertisement, attitude towards the brand and the purchase intention. Stimuli of seven fashion apparel brands with different expected personalities were evaluated by the respondents on brand personality scale of Aaker (1997). This paper presents viable propositions as managerial implications for building the brand personality. The study fills the gap in the literature about the congruence between brand and human images, and demonstrates how advertising led self-image congruity dimensions impact brand preference and purchase intention among consumers.

Bilal Mustafa Khan; Reshma Farhat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Hanford Site annual dangerous waste report: Volume 2, Generator dangerous waste report, radioactive mixed waste  

SciTech Connect

This report contains information on radioactive mixed wastes at the Hanford Site. Information consists of shipment date, physical state, chemical nature, waste description, waste number, waste designation, weight, and waste designation.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Combustion of high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes in a rotary kiln combustor with an advanced internal air distributor  

SciTech Connect

Fluid bed combustors have received extensive testing with both high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes. Rotary kilns are effective and popular devices for waste combustion. The Angelo Rotary Furnace{trademark} has been developed to improve the operation of rotary pyrolyzer/combustor systems through enhanced air distribution, which in this process is defined as staged, swirled combustion air injection. Fourteen of these new furnaces have been installed worldwide. Two units in Thailand, designed for rice hull feed with occasional lignite feed, have been recently started up. An older unit in Pennsylvania is being upgraded with a new, more advanced air distribution system for a series of tests this fall in which inexpensive high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes will be fired with limestone. The purposes of these tests are to determine the burning characteristics of these two fuels in this system, to discover the Ca/S ratios necessary for operation of a rotary kiln combusting these fuels, and to observe the gas-borne emissions from the furnace. An extensive preliminary design study will be performed on a commercial installation for combustion of anthracite wastes. 14 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Cobb, J.T. Jr. (Pittsburgh Univ., PA (USA)); Ahn, Y.K. (Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Reading, PA (USA)); Angelo, J.F. (Universal Energy International, Inc., Little Rock, AR (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Consumption 109 E L E C T R I C A L E N E R G Y S O U R C E S British Thermal Units (Btu) In order to total all the energy that is used to produce electricity, the energy sources are converted to the common unit of Btu. The methods for calcu- lating the Btu content of coal, natural gas, petroleum, and renewable energy sources consumed for generating electric power are explained in their respective sections of this documentation. Nuclear electric power is described in the following section. Total energy consumed by the electric power sector is the sum of all pri- mary energy used to generate electricity, including net imports of electric- ity across U.S. borders (ELNIBZZ, see page 111). To eliminate the double counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are accounted for in the en- ergy sources (such as coal) from which they are derived, and in natural gas, they are removed from the total:

389

ConsumTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Consumption 109 E L E C T R I C A L E N E R G Y S O U R C E S British Thermal Units (Btu) In order to total all the energy that is used to produce electricity, the energy sources are converted to the common unit of Btu. The methods for calcu- lating the Btu content of coal, natural gas, petroleum, and renewable energy sources consumed for generating electric power are explained in their respective sections of this documentation. Nuclear electric power is described in the following section. Total energy consumed by the electric power sector is the sum of all pri- mary energy used to generate electricity, including net imports of electric- ity across U.S. borders (ELNIBZZ, see page 111). To eliminate the double counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are accounted for in the en- ergy sources (such as coal) from which they are derived, and in natural gas, they are removed from the total: TEEIBZZ

390

Recycling of sodium waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling of sodium waste ... Methods for handling and recycling a dangerous and costly chemical. ...

Bettina Hubler-Blank; Michael Witt; Herbert W. Roesky

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Central Waste Complex (CWC) Waste Analysis Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this waste analysis plan (WAP) is to document the waste acceptance process, sampling methodologies, analytical techniques, and overall processes that are undertaken for waste accepted for storage at the Central Waste Complex (CWC), which is located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Facility, Richland, Washington. Because dangerous waste does not include the source special nuclear and by-product material components of mixed waste, radionuclides are not within the scope of this document. The information on radionuclides is provided only for general knowledge. This document has been revised to meet the interim status waste analysis plan requirements of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173 303-300(5). When the final status permit is issued, permit conditions will be incorporated and this document will be revised accordingly.

ELLEFSON, M.D.

2000-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

392

Burning hazardous waste in cement kilns  

SciTech Connect

The cement manufacturing process is one of the oldest in the world, having been in practice for over 2000 years. It is also one of the most energy intensive, with up to 65 percent of the cost of the product attributable to energy consumption. In addition to high energy demand, the process conditions include extremely high temperatures. Cement clinker forms when the correct mixture of raw materials is heated to 2650/sup 0/ F. This requires combustion temperatures exceeding 3000/sup 0/ F. under oxidizing conditions. To accomplish this, gas temperatures above 2000/sup 0/ F. occur for several seconds (typically five seconds), which is much longer than residence times in permitted hazardous waste incinerators. These conditions are extremely favorable to the destruction of organic compounds and have led to extensive investigation into the potential for burning hazardous waste in cement kilns. Cement kilns consuming hazardous wastes have been tested for air emissions under various operating conditions. The substantial body of information on the emissions and handling of hazardous wastes from these studies has demonstrated that effective destruction of wastes can be accomplished with the added benefits of energy conservation and no significant change in air emissions.

Chadbourne, J.F.; Helmsteller, A.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Fluid-bed combustion of solid wastes  

SciTech Connect

For over ten years combustion Power Company has been conducting experimental programs and developing fluid bed systems for agencies of the federal government and for private industry and institutions. Many of these activities have involved systems for the combustion of solid waste materials. Discussed here will be three categories of programs, development of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) fired fluid beds, development of wood waste fired fluid beds, and industrial installations. Research and development work on wood wastes has led to the design and construction of two large industrial fluid bed combustors. In one of these, a fluid bed is used for the generation of steam with a fuel that was previously suited only for landfill. Rocks and inerts are continuously removed from this combustor using a patented system. The second FBC is designed to use a variety of fuels as the source of energy to dry hog fuel for use in a high performance power boiler. Here the FBC burns green hog fuel, log yard debris, fly ash (char) from the boiler, and dried wood fines to produce a hot gas system for the wood dryer. A significant advantage of the fluidized bed reactor over conventional incinerators is its ability to reduce noxious gas emission and, finally, the fluidized bed is unique in its ability to efficiently consume low quality fuels. The relatively high inerts and moisture content of solid wastes pose no serious problem and require no associated additional devices for their removal.

Vander Molen, R.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Infectious waste feed system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An infectious waste feed system for comminuting infectious waste and feeding the comminuted waste to a combustor automatically without the need for human intervention. The system includes a receptacle for accepting waste materials. Preferably, the receptacle includes a first and second compartment and a means for sealing the first and second compartments from the atmosphere. A shredder is disposed to comminute waste materials accepted in the receptacle to a predetermined size. A trough is disposed to receive the comminuted waste materials from the shredder. A feeding means is disposed within the trough and is movable in a first and second direction for feeding the comminuted waste materials to a combustor.

Coulthard, E. James (York, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Radioactive Waste Management Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual further describes the requirements and establishes specific responsibilities for implementing DOE O 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management, for the management of DOE high-level waste, transuranic waste, low-level waste, and the radioactive component of mixed waste. Change 1 dated 6/19/01 removes the requirement that Headquarters is to be notified and the Office of Environment, Safety and Health consulted for exemptions for use of non-DOE treatment facilities. Certified 1-9-07.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing consumer values Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

many products makes quality assessment virtually impossible for the average consumer... image is associated with consumer loyalty, consumer beliefs about a positive brand...

397

Consumers Power, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power, Inc Power, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Consumers Power, Inc Place Oregon Utility Id 4743 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 1,000 W MVL Lighting 1,000 W MVL, Metered Lighting 100 W HPS Lighting 100 W HPS Street Lighting, Customer-Owned Lighting 100 W HPS Street Lighting Lighting 100 W HPS Street Lighting, Metered Lighting 100 W HPS, Metered Lighting 150 W HPS Lighting 150 W HPS Street Lighting, Customer-Owned Lighting 150 W HPS, Metered Lighting 150 W HPS, Street Lighting Lighting

398

Consumers Energy Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Co Energy Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Consumers Energy Co Place Michigan Utility Id 4254 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png A-1 Residential A-3 Residential Experimental Advanced Renewable Program AR Commercial GP-Dynamic Pricing Pilot-Customer Voltage Level 1 (CVL 1) Commercial

399

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Real Real Gross Domestic Product by State The real gross domestic product (GDP) data used in the U.S. Energy Infor- mation Administration State Energy Data System to calculate total energy consumed per chained (2005) dollar of output are shown in Tables D1 through D4. The data are the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), real GDP estimates by state, beginning in 1977. The estimates are released in June of each year. For 1997 forward, BEA reports real GDP by state based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). From 1977 through 1997, BEA reports real GDP by state based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). A set of quality indexes for real GDP by state (1997=100) is available for 1977 through 1997. Given the differences in NAICS and SIC, BEA has cautioned against appending the two data series in an attempt to construct a single time series.

400

Waste-to-Energy: Waste Management and Energy Production Opportunities...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste-to-Energy: Waste Management and Energy Production Opportunities Waste-to-Energy: Waste Management and Energy Production Opportunities July 24, 2014 9:00AM to 3:30PM EDT U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers May 16, 2012 - 4:22pm Addthis New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? By 2030, energy efficiency standards passed since 2009 will save nearly $350 billion total for consumers. Energy efficiency standards for residential clothes washers and dishwashers alone will save consumers approximately $20 billion in energy and water costs through 2030. As part of the Obama Administration's energy strategy, Energy Department officials have been hard at work helping American families save money by saving energy. Since 2009, we've issued nearly 40 common-sense energy

402

Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates The National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates ("NASUCA") hereby submits the following comments in response to the United States Department of Energy ("DOE") Request for Information ("RFI") entitled "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy." See 75 Fed. Reg. 26203 (May 11, 2010). The RFI requests comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in understanding current and potential practices and policies for the states and other entities to empower consumers, and perhaps others, through access to detailed energy

403

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: April 3, 2006 8: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Digg

404

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: November 21, 2: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #702:

405

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 5, 1: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #591:

406

Bioelectrochemical Integration of Waste Heat Recovery, Waste...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Waste-to-Chemical Conversion with Industrial Gas and Chemical Manufacturing Processes Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. - Allentown, PA A microbial reverse electrodialysis...

407

Bioelectrochemical Integration of Waste Heat Recovery, Waste...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(ex: organic Rankine cycle) High installed KW capital Low temperature waste heat (<100C) is not practicable Further efficiency loss in electrolytic conversion to...

408

Radioactive Waste Management Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual further describes the requirements and establishes specific responsibilities for implementing DOE O 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management, for the management of DOE high-level waste, transuranic waste, low-level waste, and the radioactive component of mixed waste. The purpose of the Manual is to catalog those procedural requirements and existing practices that ensure that all DOE elements and contractors continue to manage DOE's radioactive waste in a manner that is protective of worker and public health and safety, and the environment. Does not cancel other directives.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

409

Consumers' attitudes towards and intention to participate in mobile marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study investigates factors that affect consumer attitudes towards mobile marketing by developing a conceptual model that is tested with a sample of 4,062 consumers. The results show that context, credibility and subjective norm are positively related to intention to participate in mobile marketing whereas perceived behavioral control and financial rewards were not associated with intention. The results give insights into consumer perceptions of mobile marketing and open several avenues for further research in this emerging topic.

Heikki Karjaluoto; Terhi Alatalo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Integrated solid waste management of Seattle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1992 cost of the City of Seattle, Washington, integrated municipal solid waste management (IMSWM) system, the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. Actual data from records kept by participants is reported in this document. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for MSW management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption for a one-year period, of an operating IMSWM systems.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy- Request for Information Implementing the National...

412

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Fact Sheet July 2011...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet July 2011 Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Fact Sheet July 2011 Provides an overview on the U.S. Department of Energys Sustainable Energy Resources for...

413

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Success Story...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Success Story: Montana Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Success Story: Montana This document contains information on how Montana SERC Program Delivers Strong...

414

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC)- Solar Photovoltaics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, aimed at Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) grantees, provides information on Monitoring Checklists for the installation of Solar Photovoltaics.

415

Quality and Price Perceptions of Urban Chinese Consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract Quality and price are two product attributes that urban Chinese consumers always take into consideration in the evaluation of alternative brands. Understanding how they… (more)

Zhang , Chun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Proposed Determination of Computer Servers as a Covered Consumer Product, EERE-2013-BT-DET-0034 Energy Conservation...

417

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

418

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop- Backsplash  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Backsplash for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

419

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Residential...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publications Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - GeothermalGround-Source Heat Pumps Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide Overview Transcript.doc Residential...

420

,"New York Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed",1,"Monthly","102014","1152013" ,"Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Consumer Vehicle Technology Data  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about consumer...

422

,"Texas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

423

,"Kansas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

424

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

425

,"Idaho Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

426

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

427

,"Missouri Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

428

,"North Carolina Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

429

,"Michigan Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

430

,"Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

431

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

432

,"New Hampshire Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Hampshire Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

433

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

434

,"Minnesota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

435

,"Utah Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

436

,"Florida Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

437

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

438

,"New Jersey Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Jersey Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

439

,"Tennessee Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

440

,"North Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

,"Delaware Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Delaware Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

442

,"Indiana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

443

,"Alaska Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

444

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

445

,"Maryland Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

446

,"Arizona Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arizona Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

447

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Connecticut Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

448

,"New Hampshire Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Hampshire Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

449

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

450

,"North Dakota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Dakota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

451

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

452

,"Alabama Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

453

,"Massachusetts Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

454

,"Iowa Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Iowa Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

455

,"Georgia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

456

,"Nevada Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

457

,"Illinois Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

458

,"Vermont Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Vermont Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

459

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

460

,"New Jersey Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Jersey Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

,"Montana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

462

,"Maine Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maine Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

463

,"Oregon Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

464

,"North Carolina Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

465

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

466

,"Washington Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

467

,"West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

468

,"Ohio Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

469

,"Colorado Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

470

Consumer's Guide: Heat Your Water with the Sun (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This publication introduces consumers to solar heating technologies, and guides them through the basics of the technology and how to purchase it for the home.

Not Available

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Consumers' behavioural responses toward technology-based social products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examined the determinants of consumers’ use of emerging mental health services delivered via mobile phone technology, which promise to provide cost-effective psychotherapeutic support… (more)

Schuster, Lisa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Developing a Consumer Health Resource Information Service Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communities Reviewed June 2011 DEVELOPING A CONSUMER HEALTH RESOURCE INFORMATION SERVICE PROGRAM: A GUIDE FOR FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMUNITIES Reviewed June 2011 Sponsored...

473

Consumer Valuation of Fuel Economy Over Time: 2003-2012.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study is in-depth analysis of consumer valuation of fuel economy with the objective of assessing how that value has changed over time using ten… (more)

Sari, Mehmet

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Brochure), Clean...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

. Instead, the battery supplies electricity to the electric motor . Photo from Margaret Smith, DOEPIX 18215 Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers 5 Factors That Affect...

475

A Consumer's Guide: Heat Your Water with the Sun (Brochure)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This publication introduces consumers to solar heating technologies, and guides them through the basics of the technology and how to purchase it for the home.

476

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Idaho Highlight...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) through Tankless Hot Water Systems, Solar Photovoltaics and Behavioral Changes. sercidhighlight.pdf More Documents & Publications...

477

Radioactive Waste: 1. Radioactive waste from your lab is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radioactive Waste: 1. Radioactive waste from your lab is collected by the RSO. 2. Dry radioactive waste must be segregated by isotope. 3. Liquid radioactive waste must be separated by isotope. 4. Liquid frequently and change them if contaminated. 5. Use radioactive waste container to collect the waste. 6. Check

Jia, Songtao

478

Measurement of gas species, temperatures, coal burnout, and wall heat fluxes in a 200 MWe lignite-fired boiler with different overfire air damper openings  

SciTech Connect

Measurements were performed on a 200 MWe, wall-fired, lignite utility boiler. For different overfire air (OFA) damper openings, the gas temperature, gas species concentration, coal burnout, release rates of components (C, H, and N), furnace temperature, and heat flux and boiler efficiency were measured. Cold air experiments for a single burner were conducted in the laboratory. The double-swirl flow pulverized-coal burner has two ring recirculation zones starting in the secondary air region in the burner. As the secondary air flow increases, the axial velocity of air flow increases, the maxima of radial velocity, tangential velocity and turbulence intensity all increase, and the swirl intensity of air flow and the size of recirculation zones increase slightly. In the central region of the burner, as the OFA damper opening widens, the gas temperature and CO concentration increase, while the O{sub 2} concentration, NOx concentration, coal burnout, and release rates of components (C, H, and N) decrease, and coal particles ignite earlier. In the secondary air region of the burner, the O{sub 2} concentration, NOx concentration, coal burnout, and release rates of components (C, H, and N) decrease, and the gas temperature and CO concentration vary slightly. In the sidewall region, the gas temperature, O{sub 2} concentration, and NOx concentration decrease, while the CO concentration increases and the gas temperature varies slightly. The furnace temperature and heat flux in the main burning region decrease appreciably, but increase slightly in the burnout region. The NOx emission decreases from 1203.6 mg/m{sup 3} (6% O{sub 2}) for a damper opening of 0% to 511.7 mg/m{sup 3} (6% O{sub 2}) for a damper opening of 80% and the boiler efficiency decreases from 92.59 to 91.9%. 15 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Jianping Jing; Zhengqi Li; Guangkui Liu; Zhichao Chen; Chunlong Liu [Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China). School of Energy Science and Engineering

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hanford Dangerous Waste Permit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from tank waste. * Decreases the volume of water to create room in double-shell tanks, allowing them to accept waste from noncompliant single- shell tanks. * Treats up to 1...

480

Hanford Dangerous Waste Permit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trucks for scale. The DSTs have limited capacity and are aging. Maintaining these tanks is important to ensure that waste is ready to supply the Waste Treatment Plant. The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lignite waste consumed" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Hazardous Waste Management (Oklahoma)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This article states regulations for the disposal of hazardous waste. It also provides information about permit requirements for the transport, treatment and storage of such waste. It also mentions...

482

Nuclear waste solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glass and polycrystalline materials for high-level radioactive waste immobilization are discussed. Borosilicate glass has been selected as the waste form for defence high-level radwaste in the US. Since releas...

L. L. Hench; D. E. Clark; A. B. Harker

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Consumer Acceptance and Public Policy Group B Breakout Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout session presentation for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

484

Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (Mississippi) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulations (Mississippi) Regulations (Mississippi) Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Sales Tax Incentive Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Hazardous Waste Management Regulations follow the EPA's definitions and guidelines for the most part, which are listed in 40 CFR parts 260-282. In addition to these federal regulations the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality requires that each generator of greater than 220

485

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste

486

Hazardous Waste Facilities Siting (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facilities Siting (Connecticut) Facilities Siting (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Facilities Siting (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations describe the siting and permitting process for hazardous waste facilities and reference rules for construction, operation, closure,

487

Printed on Reincarnation Matte Cover, 60% post-consumer waste and 100% recycled Offices/Departments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Social Innovation McClelland Dean's Office Faculty West Development Patterson Executive, Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Center for Social Innovation, MBA Program, Student Life 3rd Floor

Straight, Aaron

488

E-waste education strategies: teaching how to reduce, reuse and recycle for sustainable development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The constantly changing world of technology is the world's largest and fastest growing manufacturing industry. The vast growth and rapid product obsolescence has brought about the serious problem of e-waste, which is now the fastest growing form of waste in the industrialised world. E-waste encompasses a broad and growing category of electronic devices ranging from large household appliances such as refrigerators, microwave ovens and air conditioners to consumer electronics such as cellular phones, televisions, personal stereos and computers. Electronic equipment contains a variety of toxic ingredients, including hazardous heavy metals that pollute the environment and are very dangerous to human health. This paper discusses some of the principles that are being employed to alleviate the environmental impact of e-waste such as extended producer responsibility, design for environment (DfE), consumer driven solutions. This article also discusses educational strategies that can be employed to educate global audiences.

Phillip Olla; Joseph Toth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Waste disposal package  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This is a claim for a waste disposal package including an inner or primary canister for containing hazardous and/or radioactive wastes. The primary canister is encapsulated by an outer or secondary barrier formed of a porous ceramic material to control ingress of water to the canister and the release rate of wastes upon breach on the canister. 4 figs.

Smith, M.J.

1985-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

490

Building Consumer Trust in Pervasive Retail George Roussos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Consumer Trust in Pervasive Retail George Roussos November 24, 2004 Abstract At the core retail and discuss approaches that can help develop consumer trust in RFID-based systems. Contents 1 4 Revisting the Retail Experience 5 5 Ubiquitous Retail Usage Scenarios 7 6 Ubiquitous Retail Case

Roussos, George

491

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to compete with-- and complement--the ubiquitous ICE technology. First, advances in electric-drive all- electric driving ranges. Advanced technologies have also created a new breed of EVs that donPlug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers #12;Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers

492

WORKING PAPER N 2009 -48 Targeted advertising with consumer search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WORKING PAPER N° 2009 - 48 Targeted advertising with consumer search: An economic analysis of keywords advertising Alexandre de Cornière JEL Codes: D43, D83, L13, M37 Keywords: Search-engine, targeted advertising, consumer search, product differentiation PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Contents List of Publications 7 Abbreviations 9 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Climate change and the foodAnalysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty of Food. Insights for Consumer Communication. Abstract In Europe, food consumption is responsible

494

CONSUMERS' BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FOOD SAFETY: A LITTERATURE REVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards and food poisoning (Huang, 2003; Miles et al. 2004). Consumers are also becoming alarmedCONSUMERS' BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FOOD SAFETY: A LITTERATURE REVIEW Magda Aguiar Fontes Eric Giraud towards food safety: A litterature review. Magda Aguiar Fontes CIISA - Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................... xiii 1 Passenger Car and Light Truck Fuel Economy, Fuel Economy Standards and the Price of GasolineHOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW David L. Greene Oak Ridge National ...............................................................................................................1 2. ALTERNATIVE MODELS OF CONSUMERS' EVALUATION OF FUEL ECONOMY

496

Green Energy Options for Consumer-Owned Business  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project was to define, test, and prototype a replicable business model for consumer-owned cooperatives. The result is a replicable consumer-owned cooperative business model for the generation, interconnection, and distribution of renewable energy that incorporates energy conservation and efficiency improvements.

Co-opPlus of Western Massachusetts

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Learning Consumer Preferences for Content-Oriented Negotiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

targeted counter offers. The developed system uses the well-known Wine ontology to demonstrate. However, as the number and extent of transactions increase, there is a tremendous demand for developing e for one consumer whereas the quality of the service may be more important for a sec- ond consumer. Thus

Yolum, Pýnar

498

Identifying Mixed Chemical and Radioactive Waste Mixed waste is: any waste material containing both radioactive materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying Mixed Chemical and Radioactive Waste Mixed waste is: any waste material containing both as noted on the list, you do not have a mixed waste and it may be managed as a normal radioactive waste radioactive waste after initially dating the container, the hold for decay time is extended, but you cannot

Straight, Aaron

499

Treatment of Mixed Wastes via Fixed Bed Gasification  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the details of research performed under USDOE Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-96MC33258 to evaluate the ChemChar hazardous waste system for the destruction of mixed wastes, defined as those that contain both RCRA-regulated haz- ardous constituents and radionuclides. The ChemChar gasification system uses a granular carbonaceous char matrix to immobilize wastes and feed them into the gasifier. In the gasifier wastes are subjected to high temperature reducing conditions, which destroy the organic constituents and immobilize radionuclides on the regenerated char. Only about 10 percent of the char is consumed on each pass through the gasifier, and the regenerated char can be used to treat additional wastes. When tested on a 4-inch diameter scale with a continuous feed unit as part of this research, the ChemChar gasification system was found to be effective in destroying RCRA surrogate organic wastes (chlorobenzene, dichloroben- zene, and napht.halene) while retaining on the char RCRA heavy metals (chromium, nickel, lead, and cadmium) as well as a fission product surrogate (cesium) and a plutonium surrogate (cerium). No generation of harmful byproducts was observed. This report describes the design and testing of the ChemChar gasification system and gives the operating procedures to be followed in using the system safely and effectively for mixed waste treatment.

None

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

500

Stabilization of a mixed waste sludge for land disposal  

SciTech Connect

A solidification and stabilization technique was developed for a chemically complex mixed waste sludge containing nitrate processing wastes, sewage sludge and electroplating wastewaters, among other wastes. The sludge is originally from a solar evaporation pond and has high concentrations of nitrate salts; cadmium, chromium, and nickel concentrations of concern; and low levels of organic constituents and alpha and beta emitters. Sulfide reduction of nitrate and precipitation of metallic species, followed by evaporation to dryness and solidification of the dry sludge in recycled high density polyethylene with added lime was determined to be a satisfactory preparation for land disposal in a mixed waste repository. The application of post-consumer polyethylene has the added benefit of utilizing another problem-causing waste product. A modified Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure was used to determine required treatment chemical dosages and treatment effectiveness. The waste complexity prohibited use of standard chemical equilibrium methods for prediction of reaction products during treatment. Waste characterization followed by determination of thermodynamic feasibility of oxidation and reduction products. These calculations were shown to be accurate in laboratory testing. 13 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Powers, S.E.; Zander, A.K. [Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z