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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety Lightning: What You Need to Know * NO PLACE outside is safe when thunderstorms are in the area!! * If you hear thunder, lightning is close enough to strike you. * When you hear thunder, immediately move to safe shelter: a substantial building with electricity or plumbing or an enclosed, metal-topped vehicle with windows up. * Stay in safe shelter at least 30 minutes after you hear the last sound of thunder. Indoor Lightning Safety * Stay off corded phones, computers and other electrical equipment that put you in direct contact with electricity. * Avoid plumbing, including sinks, baths and faucets. * Stay away from windows and doors, and stay off porches. * Do not lie on concrete floors, and do not lean against concrete walls.

2

Lightning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lightning Lightning Nature Bulletin No. 458-A May 20, 1972 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LIGHTNING Because we are so rapt up with our modern inventions, we forget that primitive man, ages before the beginnings of civilization, made one of the greatest discoveries of all time -- the use of fire. However, for thousands of years before he learned to kindle his own fires by friction or by striking sparks from flint, he snatched flaming firebrands from forest fires started by lightning. These he carried away and carefully fed with dry wood, year in and year out, to warm his cave, frighten away wild beasts and cook his food. Around the world, in every year, countless thousands of fires are started by lightning.

3

Oxidation of ketone groups in transported biomass burning aerosol from the 2008 Northern California Lightning Series fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ketone, Biomass burning, Fossil fuel combustion 1. Introduction Globally the two largest sources of primary organic aerosol are fossil fuel combustion (2-28 Tg C yr-1 ) and biomass burning (31-45 Tg C yr-1Oxidation of ketone groups in transported biomass burning aerosol from the 2008 Northern California

Russell, Lynn

4

Oxidation of ketone groups in transported biomass burning aerosol from the 2008 Northern California Lightning Series fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., 2000), making SOA from fossil fuel combustion, biogenic, and biomass burning emissions a potentiallyOxidation of ketone groups in transported biomass burning aerosol from the 2008 Northern California in revised form 20 July 2010 Accepted 21 July 2010 Keywords: Organic carbon particles Ketone Biomass burning

Russell, Lynn

5

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during cold weather. 2.3 Domestic waste burning at a private residence when collection is not providedTexas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning Approved: October 5 Review: August 27, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning

6

Lightning Science: Five Ways Lightning Strikes People  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flash (also called a side splash) occurs when lightning strikes a taller object near the victim circuit" for some of energy in the lightning discharge. Side flashes generally occur when the victimLightning Science: Five Ways Lightning Strikes People It is not always possible to know exactly how

Oklahoma, University of

7

Global Lightning Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flash Rate Global distribution of lightning from a combined nine years of observations of the NASA OTDGlobal Lightning Observations #12;Optical Transient Detector ( launched April, 1995 ) Lightning Imaging Sensor ( launched November, 1997 ) Lightning Detection from Low Earth Orbit #12;LIS on TRMM #12

California at Berkeley, University of

8

Physics of ball lightning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An up to date description of the state of the ball lightning problem is given. The properties of ball lightning have been derived from a statistical treatment of thousands of observations. The experimental modeling of ball lightning as a whole is reviewed. The analysis leads to the conclusion that ball lightning has a rigid skeleton; a spotted structure of its glowing follows from a large difference between the radiative and mean temperatures of the ball lightning. Ball lightning is a many-sided phenomenon, and therefore has a number of analogs which are related to its separate properties and which can be modeled. The mechanical, gas-dynamical, energetic radiative and electrical processes of ball lightning are analyzed on the basis of such analogs and recent scientific information. According to this analysis, the substance composing ball lightning has a sparse fractal structure, similar to an aerogel, with the density of a gas and the behavior of a solid or liquid. The best model resembling the ball lightning structure is a knot of fractal fibers. The glowing of ball lightning is created by many thermal waves that propagate along separate fibers, use the surface energy of the structure, and form glowing hot zones with a temperature of about 2000 K. A number of models considered allow us to study the nature of ball lightning in detail.

B.M. Smirnov

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

9, 11231155, 2009 Lightning NOx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lightning intensities. By im-20 posing an updated lightning NO production value of 520 mol NO/Flash, weACPD 9, 1123­1155, 2009 Lightning NOx emissions over the USA investigated using TES L. Jourdain et to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Lightning NOx emissions over the USA investigated using TES, NLDN

10

Burns Prevention  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Burns Burns Burns can result from everyday things and activities in your home. The most common causes of burns are from scalds (steam, hot bath water, hot drinks and foods), fire, chemicals, electricity and overexposure to the sun. Some burns may be more serious than others. The severity of the burn is based on the depth of the burn. First degree burns are the least severe, and third degree burns are the most severe. Call 911 or seek medical attention if you are unsure of how severe your burn is. All burns are susceptible to tetanus (lockjaw). Get a tetanus shot every 10 years. If your last shot was 5 years ago, talk to your doctor - you may need a booster shot. Causes of Burns: Scalds Scalding injuries and burns are caused by hot tap water, hot beverages and food, and steam.

11

ARM - Measurement - Lightning stroke  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsLightning stroke ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement :...

12

Appendix 7-F Lightning Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as direction of movement and distance from the lightning flashes. The next measure for the coaching staff be aware of how close lightning is occurring. The "flash to bang" method is the easiest and most convenient the time the lightning ("flash") is sighted to when the clap of thunder ("bang") is heard. (Divide

Swaddle, John

13

A Comparison of Two Ground-Based Lightning Detection Networks against the Satellite-Based Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightning stroke data from both the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) and the Earth Networks Total Lightning Network (ENTLN) were compared to lightning group data from the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) from 1 January 2010 through 30 ...

Kelsey B. Thompson; Monte G. Bateman; Lawrence D. Carey

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Category:Burns, OR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burns, OR Burns, OR Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Burns, OR" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVFullServiceRestauran... 71 KB SVHospital Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVHospital Burns OR Pa... 74 KB SVLargeHotel Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVLargeHotel Burns OR ... 74 KB SVLargeOffice Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVLargeOffice Burns OR... 69 KB SVMediumOffice Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVMediumOffice Burns O... 71 KB SVMidriseApartment Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVMidriseApartment Bur... 72 KB SVOutPatient Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png SVOutPatient Burns OR ... 69 KB SVPrimarySchool Burns OR PacifiCorp (Oregon).png

15

OVERVIEW OF SATURN LIGHTNING OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OVERVIEW OF SATURN LIGHTNING OBSERVATIONS G. Fischer* , U. A. Dyudina , W. S. Kurth , D. A. Gurnett The lightning activity in Saturn's atmosphere has been monitored by Cassini for more than six years favorably with imaging observa- tions of related cloud features as well as direct observations of flash

Gurnett, Donald A.

16

6, 1006310086, 2006 Lightning-produced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with lightning flash data from the Canadian Lightning Detection Network and Environment Canada Doppler radar measurements, the pro-15 duction of NO2 molecules per lightning flash is determined. Using these two methodsACPD 6, 10063­10086, 2006 Lightning-produced NO2 observed at Vanscoy, SK A. Fraser et al. Title

17

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Grant, 1978) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...

18

2012 International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICLP), Vienna, Austria Lightning Observatory in Gainesville (LOG), Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and 1(b), respectively. The LOG was originally designed to respond to both natural lightning flashes2012 International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICLP), Vienna, Austria Lightning Observatory, Inc., Tucson, Arizona, USA E-mail: (rakov@ece.ufl.edu) Abstract--The Lightning Observatory

Florida, University of

19

Detection of VHF lightning from GPS orbit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Satellite-based VHF' lightning detection is characterized at GPS orbit by using a VHF receiver system recently launched on the GPS SVN 54 satellite. Collected lightning triggers consist of Narrow Bipolar Events (80%) and strong negative return strokes (20%). The results are used to evaluate the performance of a future GPS-satellite-based VHF global lightning monitor.

Suszcynsky, D. M. (David M.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

7, 1481314894, 2007 Lightning activity in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The results were scaled up with the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS)20 flash rate (44 flashes s-1 ) to obtainACPD 7, 14813­14894, 2007 Lightning activity in Brazilian thunderstorms H. Huntrieser et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Lightning activity in Brazilian thunderstorms during TROCCINOX

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Global burned area and biomass burning emissions from small fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as agricultural waste burning or prescribed burning infield agricultural waste burning [e.g. , Yevich and Logan,

Randerson, J. T; Chen, Y.; van der Werf, G. R; Rogers, B. M; Morton, D. C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

23

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

24

Planning a Prescribed Burn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

drinks are best used when it?s over) Water or fire retardant in the ? pumpers Gasoline for the pumpers ? Diesel fuel and gas for the drip ? torches Lunch for the crew (a cooler with ? sandwich makings is handy) First aid kit ? Keys or combinations... in April with picloram to knock out my prickly pear.? Now you are heading in the right direction. Other reading Prescribed Range Burning in Texas. Texas AgriLife Extension Service. E-37. Acknowledgment The original manuscript on which...

Hanselka, C. Wayne

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 17, NO. 2, APRIL 2002 575 Direct Lightning Strikes to the Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was employed in order to subject to direct lightning strikes the lightning protective system of a test house power cable. The test house had two ground rods, one for the lightning protective system grounding to the Lightning Protective System of a Residential Building: Triggered-Lightning Experiments Vladimir A. Rakov

Florida, University of

26

5, 1129511329, 2005 Estimating lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mexico S. Beirle1 , N. Spichtinger2 , A. Stohl3 , K. L. Cummins4 , T. Turner4 , D. Boccippio5 , O. R vective system over the Gulf of Mexico. Simultaneously, cloud-to-ground (CG) flashes are counted by the U lightning15 activity. The enhancements can not be explained by transport of anthropogenic NOx and must

Boyer, Edmond

27

Natural and Artificially Initiated Lightning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...both ground-based and airborne measurements. Any ofthe...the ignition offorest fires) and because lightning...this section. The rapid release ofreturn-stroke energy...positive dis-charges. The fraction of positive discharges...by aircraft and other airborne vehicles. The bi-directional...

MARTIN A. UMAN; E. PHILIP KRIDER

1989-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

28

LIGHTNING PROTECTION OF BURIED CABLE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... FOR the new toll facilities now being installed in the United States, much of the cable is laid underground to secure greater immunity from effects of sleet, snow, and storms ... underground to secure greater immunity from effects of sleet, snow, and storms. Burying the cable alone is not necessarily sufficient to free it from the effects of lightning damage. ...

1943-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

29

Changes in measured lightning return stroke peak current after the 1994 National Lightning Detection Network upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since a comprehensive upgrade of the US National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) in 1994, the mean peak current of detected cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flashes has decreased, the number of detected flashes has increased, and the percentage...

Wacker, Robert Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

30

A comparative analysis of total lightning observations and cloud-to-ground lightning observations in the Southeastern United States region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison was performed employing lightning data aphics. collected by the Optical Transient Detector (OTD) satellite and the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The feasibility of using total lightning flash data, both intracloud (IC...

Hugo, Keith Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Analytical Modeling At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Brook...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Brook, Et Al., 1978) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Analytical Modeling At Lightning...

32

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Smith, 1978) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal...

33

Analysis of charge transport during lightning using balloon-borne electric field sensors and Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a lightning flash have been obtained by a balloon-borne electric field sonde or Esonde. This paper developsAnalysis of charge transport during lightning using balloon-borne electric field sensors and Lightning Mapping Array William W. Hager,1 Richard G. Sonnenfeld,2 Beyza Caliskan Aslan,1 Gaopeng Lu,2

Hager, William

34

Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes After reviewing bids from six firms, LDG contracted with Bird Geophysical Services ("Bird") to conduct a test to determine if relatively small, spring-assisted, drop weights could be used to successfully acquire deep reflections. This test showed that the contractor could produce usable data to depths of more than 1,500 ms two-way travel time. (For a given velocity model, this two-way travel time is equivalent to several kilometers of depth penetration.) Subsequently, LDG used Bird's services to acquire new traverses totaling about 27.6 km (17.2 mi.) along roads leading through the

35

The use of Doppler radar to predict cloud-to-ground lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If the National Weather Service could forecast the occurrences of cloud-toground lightning strikes, it would benefit the authorities that are served by the WSR-88Ds. In this thesis I will examine the WSR-88D level 11 archive data from Houston, Texas...

Aclin, Keith Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Periodicities of Peak Current and Flash Multiplicity in Cloud to Ground Lightning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Research on lightning has been conducted on various topics including thunderstorm electrification and climatology of lightning strikes however; there are still some characteristics of lightning (more)

Gibbs, Alexander R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Lightning Climatology of the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lightning climatology over the Northeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic United States is examined from United States Precision Lightning Network observations because studying lightning climatology is (more)

Etters, Kyle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Atmosphere: Turbines shoot upside-down lightning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Wind turbines emit lightning flashes upwards, producing these electrical discharges at regular intervals relative to the ... emit lightning flashes upwards, producing these electrical discharges at regular intervals relative to the turbine's rotation, and can do so tens of kilometres away from an active thunderstorm ...

2014-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

39

Chapter 14 -Severe Weather Lightning Protection for the Farm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of farm fires. A well-installed and maintained lightning protection system routes lightning along a known of the electric power lines. Properly designed lightning arrestors should be placed between the power circuit and ground where the circuit enters the building. Large trees need protection from lightning. In addition

40

Broadband VLF measurements of lightning-induced ionospheric perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the strong lightning flash by analyzing the broadband VLF spectrum from lightning that occurred just beforeBroadband VLF measurements of lightning-induced ionospheric perturbations Zhenggang Cheng 2005. [1] Very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic pulses radiated by lightning are an effective tool

Cummer, Steven A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

767JUNE 2003AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY | ositive lightning discharges (flashes) are defined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

767JUNE 2003AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY | P ositive lightning discharges (flashes) are defined (flashes) that transfer to ground both positive and negative charges are termed bipolar lightning common than positive lightning. Currently available observations of bipolar lightning flashes, which can

Florida, University of

42

BNL | Biomass Burns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Burn Observation Project (BBOP) Biomass Burn Observation Project (BBOP) Aerosols from biomass burning are recognized to perturb Earth's climate through the direct effect (both scattering and absorption of incoming shortwave radiation), the semi-direct effect (evaporation of cloud drops due to absorbing aerosols), and indirect effects (by influencing cloud formation and precipitation. Biomass burning is an important aerosol source, providing an estimated 40% of anthropogenically influenced fine carbonaceous particles (Bond, et al., 2004; Andrea and Rosenfeld, 2008). Primary organic aerosol (POA) from open biomass burns and biofuel comprises the largest component of primary organic aerosol mass emissions at northern temperate latitudes (de Gouw and Jimenez, 2009). Data from the IMPROVE

43

Total lightning characteristics of ordinary convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes involved in the electrical development of thunderstorms. Nine of the thunderstorm cases examined occurred within range of Vaisala Inc.'s Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) network and the other thirteen cases occurred...

Motley, Shane Michael

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

44

Total lightning characteristics of ordinary convection.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Twenty-two isolated, non-severe, warm season thunderstorms (ordinary thunderstorms) were examined to test possible correlations between three-dimensional lightning flash characteristics and the complex evolution of the (more)

Motley, Shane Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Lightning prevention systems for paper mills  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paper mills are increasingly relying on sensitive electronic equipment to control their operations. However, the sensitivity of these devices has made mills vulnerable to the effects of lightning strokes. An interruption in the power supply or the destruction of delicate microcircuits can have devastating effects on mill productivity. The authors discuss how lightning strokes can be prevented by a Dissipation Array system (DAS). During the past 17 years, the concept has been applied to a host of applications in regions with a high incidence of lightning activity. With nearly 700 systems now installed, more than 4000 system-years of history have been accumulated. Areas as large as 1 km{sup 2} and towers as high as 2000 ft have been protected and completely isolated from lightning strokes. There have been very few failures, and in every case, the cause of the failure was determined and corrected.

Carpenter, R.B. Jr. (Lightning Eliminators and Consultants, Santa Fe Springs, CA (US))

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Services  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Management provides many of the services that keep the Department of Energy Headquarters offices operational. Other Program Offices also provide services to the employees at...

47

Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools The ESnet Engineering Team Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet...

48

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part M, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

50

Preparing limestone for burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classification of limestone before burning can be done by the screening method ... enables us to use the heat of the waste gases from the calcination units.

V. I. Goncharov; T. P. Kirichenko

51

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Schochet, Et Al., 2001) Exploration Activity...

52

Geographic Information System At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Getman, 2014) Exploration Activity...

53

Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Reeder,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Reeder, 1957) Exploration Activity Details Location...

54

ON THE INTENSITY OF SATURN LIGHTNING , W. Macher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al., 2004]. Throughout this paper we still use the term "SED" for Saturn's lightning flashes. [1982], ring source). As all the energy of a lightning flash stems from the electrostatic energy with the current atmospheric storm source explanation. In 2004 more than 5300 flashes attributed to lightning

Gurnett, Donald A.

55

Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings -an exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings - an exploration H. Bloemink De Bilt, 2013 | Internal report; IR 2013-01 #12;#12;Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings - an exploration Version 1.0 Date January 2013 Status Final #12;#12;Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings

Haak, Hein

56

Burn Wound Infections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...described, noting areas of circumferential...of body surface area burned (252...protein-rich plasma into terminal...clinical effects of thermal inhalation injury...312). High-frequency ventilation may...standard of care for large thermal injuries...of the burned area is excised during...

Deirdre Church; Sameer Elsayed; Owen Reid; Brent Winston; Robert Lindsay

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Insights into the ground attachment process of natural lightning gained from an unusual triggered-lightning stroke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-lightning stroke J. Jerauld,1 M. A. Uman,1 V. A. Rakov,1 K. J. Rambo,1 and G. H. Schnetzer1 Received 19 June 2006 and magnetic field and current derivatives from an unusual triggered-lightning stroke that was initiated observed in the currents and in the distant radiation fields of natural-lightning first strokes. Field

Florida, University of

58

Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services Services Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Services ESnet provides interoperable, effective, reliable, and high performance network communications infrastructure, and certain collaboration services, in support of the Office of Science (SC)'s large-scale, collaborative science programs. ESnet provides users with high bandwidth access to DOE sites and DOE's primary science collaborators including Research and

59

Augmenting Satellite Precipitation Estimation with Lightning Information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used lightning information to augment the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using an Artificial Neural Network - Cloud Classification System (PERSIANN-CCS). Co-located lightning data are used to segregate cloud patches, segmented from GOES-12 infrared data, into either electrified (EL) or non-electrified (NEL) patches. A set of features is extracted separately for the EL and NEL cloud patches. The features for the EL cloud patches include new features based on the lightning information. The cloud patches are classified and clustered using self-organizing maps (SOM). Then brightness temperature and rain rate (T-R) relationships are derived for the different clusters. Rain rates are estimated for the cloud patches based on their representative T-R relationship. The Equitable Threat Score (ETS) for daily precipitation estimates is improved by almost 12% for the winter season. In the summer, no significant improvements in ETS are noted.

Mahrooghy, Majid [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL; Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Petersen, Walter A. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL; Hsu, Kuo-Lin [University of California, Irvine; Behrangi, Ali [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Aanstoos, James [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facility Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility General Information Name Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility Facility Lightning Dock Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Fallon, New Mexico Coordinates 35.115059°, -106.604598° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.115059,"lon":-106.604598,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Services  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Human Capital Office offers benefit, new employee orientation and some learning & development related services to all DOE employees. Additionally the Office supplies employee and labor...

62

Thunderstorm and Lightning Studies using the FORTE Optical Lightning System (FORTE/OLS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary observations of simultaneous RF and optical emissions from lightning as seen by the FORTE spacecraft are presented. RF/optical pairs of waveforms are routinely collected both as individual lightning events and as sequences of events associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) and intra-cloud (IC) flashes. CG pulses can be distinguished from IC pulses based on the properties of the RF and optical waveforms, but mostly based on the associated RF spectrograms. The RF spectrograms are very similar to previous ground-based VHF observations of lightning and show signatures associated with return strokes, stepped and dart leaders, and attachment processes,. RF emissions are observed to precede the arrival of optical emissions at the satellite by a mean value of 280 microseconds. The dual phenomenology nature of these observations are discussed in terms of their ability to contribute to a satellite-based lightning monitoring mission.

Argo, P.; Franz, R.; Green, J.; Guillen, J.L.; Jacobson, A.R.; Kirkland, M.; Knox, S.; Spalding, R.; Suszcynsky, D.M.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Sun tanning/burning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sun tanning/burning Sun tanning/burning Name: Richardo Cossyleon Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why doesn't the sun affect or burn people with dark pigment in their skin? Replies: Good question! The pigment, melanin, is more toward the surface of the upper skin layer and absorbs ultraviolet rays from the Sun or artificial sources. This absorption protects the lower layers from damage and inflammation (burning). A very dark skinned person may have over a 1000X the protection from UV compared to a fair skinned person. Fair skinned people should use sun-block lotions especially early in the warm season AND keep exposure to the sun, particularly at midday, to less than 30 min. Even if a person gets a good tan, the sun's UV will age the skin over time. It will get wrinkled and develop age lines, etc. after many years of exposure. Moderation is the key!

64

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Redirected from Lightning Dock Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Heat Source 8 Geofluid Geochemistry 9 NEPA-Related Analyses (6) 10 Exploration Activities (25) 11 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.14833333,"lon":-108.8316667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

65

The warning time for cloud-to-ground lightning in isolated, ordinary thunderstorms over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning detection over Houston, Texas is possible with the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR-II) network and the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). A comparison of the two datasets in conjunction with 37 isolated, ordinary...

Clements, Nathan Chase

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Characteristics of broadband lightning emissions associated with terrestrial gamma ray flashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of broadband lightning emissions associated with terrestrial gamma ray flashes] To characterize lightning processes that produce terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs), we have analyzed broadband (lightning magnetic fields for TGFs detected by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar

Cummer, Steven A.

67

Relationships among Lightning, Precipitation, and Hydrometeor Characteristics over the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightning data from the Pacific Lightning Detection Network (PacNet) and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite were compared with TRMM precipitation radar products and latent heating and ...

Antti T. Pessi; Steven Businger

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Lightning location characteristics and vertical structure analysis of isolated storm cells in the TOGA COARE region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producing storm cells, and non-lightning producing cells over the tropical oceans. The characteristics of lightning locations with respect to radar reflectivity were also examined. Lightning characteristics of flashes associated with TOGA COARE storm cells...

Barnaby, Stephen Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

The convective structures associated with cloud-to-ground lightning in TOGA COARE Mesoscale Convective Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicate a pronounced difference between lightning producing and non-lightning producing cells. Lightning producing convective cells have higher radar reflectivity in the 5.0- 8.0 km layer, and a slower decrease with height, both observations indicating...

Restivo, Michael Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing lightning field Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lightning field Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: analyzing lightning field Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annales Geophysicae (2002)...

71

Meteorological characteristics associated with warm-season positive lightning events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . 60 29 Percent-positive values vs. Showalter Index for pre-storm soundings, with the outlier in Figure 28 removed. . 61 30 Percent-positive values vs. Total Totals Index for pre-storm soundings. . . . . . 64 31 Percent-positive values vs. Total... lightning and others primarily positive. Percent-positive values also vary greatly by season, with winter thunderstorms exhibiting much more positive lightning (Orville and Silver 1997). Positive lightning was not known to exist until 60 years ago, when...

Heggen, Paul Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

greenhouses across the US, which included information about the Burgett greenhouses in Cotton City near Lightning Dock References P. J. Lienau (1990) Geothermal greenhouse...

73

Radiometrics At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Deal, Et Al....  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deal, Et Al., 1978) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Radiometrics At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Deal, Et Al., 1978)...

74

Geothermal Literature Review At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evidence for Large-Scale Laramide Tectonic Inversion and a Mid-Tertiary Caldera Ring Fracture Zone at the Lightning Dock Geothermal System, New Mexico Additional References...

75

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004)) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At...

76

Geophysics, Geology and Geothermal Leasing Status of the Lightning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leasing Status of the Lightning Dock KGRA, Animas Valley, New Mexico Author C. Smith Published New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 1978 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI...

77

Water Sampling At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Swanberg, 1976...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis...

78

Production Wells At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (McCants,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Production Wells At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (McCants, 1974) Exploration Activity Details...

79

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Heat Source 8 Geofluid Geochemistry 9 NEPA-Related Analyses (6) 10 Exploration Activities (25) 11 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.14833333,"lon":-108.8316667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

80

Advanced lightning location interferometer. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January, 1994, New Mexico Institute for Mining and Technology (NM Tech) was commissioned by Los Alamos National Laboratories (LANL) to develop a three-axis interferometric lightning mapping system to be used in determining the source of certain frequency-dispersed pulse pairs which had been detected by spaceborne sensors. The existing NM Tech VHF Lightning Interferometer was a two axis system operating at 274 MHz with 6 MHz bandwidth. The third axis was to be added to refine estimates of the elevation angle to distant RF sources in that band. The system was to be initially deployed in support of an Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC) effort planned for the Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral AFS area in June-July of 1994. The project was, however, postponed until September of 1994. The interferometer was set up and operated at KSC near the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) central station. The initial setup was in two-axis configuration, and the third (vertical) axis was added at about mid-project. Though the storms were reduced in frequency and severity over what one would expect in mid-summer, several good data sets were obtained and delivered to AFTAC.

NONE

1995-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Prescribed Range Burning in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and implement a prescribed burn, including predicting fire and weather behavior, topography, fuel, firing techniques, fire containment, safety precautions and costs. A graph illustrates factors that influence prescribed burning and a table shows the relationship...

White, Larry D.; Hanselka, C. Wayne

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

82

13, 3226932289, 2013 Biomass burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 13, 32269­32289, 2013 Biomass burning aerosol properties over the Northern Great Plains T (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Biomass burning aerosol Geosciences Union. 32269 #12;ACPD 13, 32269­32289, 2013 Biomass burning aerosol properties over the Northern

Dong, Xiquan

83

7, 1733917366, 2007 Biomass burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 7, 17339­17366, 2007 Biomass burning plumes during the AMMA wet season experiment C. H. Mari a Creative Commons License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Tracing biomass burning plumes from. Mari (marc@aero.obs-mip.fr) 17339 #12;ACPD 7, 17339­17366, 2007 Biomass burning plumes during the AMMA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Total lightning observations of severe convection over North Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential. Total lightning data were obtained from Vaisala Inc.s Dallas/Fort Worth (D/FW) Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) network. Radar data from two Weather Surveillance Radar 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) sites were used for position data...

McKinney, Christopher Michael

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

LIGHTNING EXPOSURE OF WIND TURBINES University of Toronto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHTNING EXPOSURE OF WIND TURBINES Dale Dolan University of Toronto e-mail: dale@ecf.utoronto.ca Abstract This paper applies the electrogeometric model of lightning exposure to a wind turbine to compute. For a typical 45 m wind turbine, the probability of being struck by a downward negative flash, as predicted

Lehn, Peter W.

86

Electromagnetic models of the lightning return stroke Yoshihiro Baba1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic models of the lightning return stroke Yoshihiro Baba1 and Vladimir A. Rakov2] Lightning return-stroke models are needed for specifying the source in studying the production of transient-called engineering models, electromagnetic return-stroke models allow a self-consistent full-wave solution for both

Florida, University of

87

TERRESTRIAL GAMMA-RAY FLASH PRODUCTION BY LIGHTNING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TERRESTRIAL GAMMA-RAY FLASH PRODUCTION BY LIGHTNING A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are brief flashes of gamma-rays originating in the Earth's atmosphere) that extends from below 25 keV to above 20 MeV. When good lightning data exists, TGFs are closely associated

88

Terrestrial gamma ray flash production by active lightning leader channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terrestrial gamma ray flash production by active lightning leader channels B. E. Carlson,1 N. G 28 October 2010. [1] The production of terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) requires a seed energetic electron source and a strong electric field. Lightning leaders naturally provide seed electrons by cold

Bergen, Universitetet i

89

MICROSECOND-SCALE ELECTRIC FIELD PULSES IN CLOUD LIGHTNING FLASHES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-149- 30F3 MICROSECOND-SCALE ELECTRIC FIELD PULSES IN CLOUD LIGHTNING FLASHES Y. Villanueva, V tape-recorded data) for ground flashes by Rakov et al. [5]. Note that the K process in a lightning-scale pulses in different stages of cloud flashes in Florida and New Mexico are analyzed. The pulse occurrence

Florida, University of

90

Analysis of cloud-to-ground lightning in Hurricane Andrew  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for lightning characteristics, the ability to conduct similar studies on hurricanes has been limited due to the small number which have occurred since the relatively new National Lightning Detection Network has been operational. 17,036 CG strikes over a 77 hour...

George, William Randel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

-561 -105Pl LIGHTNING ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale pulse structure of naturally-occurring negative ground discharges, as observed at ground, includes in the valida- tion of lightning models. Table 1 summarizes essentially all identifiable lightning radiation field signatures as recorded at ground. Note that apparently there is no characteristic radiation pulse

Florida, University of

92

WWLL global lightning detection system: Regional validation study in Erin H. Lay,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

convective rainfall as well as to predict flash flooding [Tapia et al., 1998]. Global lightning data couldWWLL global lightning detection system: Regional validation study in Brazil Erin H. Lay,1,2 Robert] An experimental lightning detection network, the World Wide Lightning Location network (WWLL), is being developed

Thomas, Jeremy N.

93

On the NOx production by laboratory electrical discharges and lightning Vernon Cooraya,, Mahbubur Rahman a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in estimating the global production of NOx by lightning flashes, including field measurements carried out during influence extrapolation of laboratory data to lightning flashes. Second, an estimation of the NOx yield per lightning flash is made by treating the lightning flash as a composite event consisting of several discharge

Florida, University of

94

BOOK REVIEW V.A.Rakov and M.A.Uman, Lightning: Physics and Effects, Cambridge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'', lightning flash counters, lightning location sys- tems (including satellite-based systems), longBOOK REVIEW V.A.Rakov and M.A.Uman, Lightning: Physics and Effects, Cambridge University Press, incredibly useful ­ schol- arly compendium of all that is known about lightning, its causes, and the many

Florida, University of

95

Lightning flash rate and chemistry simulation of tropical island convection using a cloud-resolved model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning flash rate and chemistry simulation of tropical island convection using a cloud schemes (FRPSs) and estimating the average NO production per lightning flash in this unique storm type network (LINET) provided lightning flash data for the model and a lightning placement scheme injected

Maryland at College Park, University of

96

Miller et al. p.1 4B.1 PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION INTO LIGHTNING HAZARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Lightning Threat 3 (McCaul et al. 2009) and will be referred to as Flash Rate Density (FRD) for the purposes, not evaluate model performance. FRD attempts explicit prediction of lightning flash- rate density, expressed simulations and plotted maximum values of F1 and lightning flash rate from the North Alabama Lightning Mapping

97

DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE The Effect ENSO Has on Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or no effect on flash rates. Historical records of lightning flash rates and lightning climatology are fairlyDEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE The Effect ENSO Has on Lightning Using NLDN and OTD/LIS Lightning Detection Networks Scholarly Paper in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an MS degree

Maryland at College Park, University of

98

The effect of monsoonal atmospheric moisture on lightning fire ignitions in southwestern North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheric moisture and precipitation. Using 16 years of lightning flash, relative humidity), on observed lightning fire data. The probability that a lightning flash would ignite an observed fireThe effect of monsoonal atmospheric moisture on lightning fire ignitions in southwestern North

Stephens, Scott L.

99

Coordinated observations of sprites and in-cloud lightning flash structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinated observations of sprites and in-cloud lightning flash structure Gaopeng Lu,1,2 Steven A June 2013. [1] The temporal and spatial development of sprite-producing lightning flashes is examined the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array (LMA). Sprites produced by a total of 26 lightning flashes were observed

Cummer, Steven A.

100

Lightning activity on Titan: can Cassini detect it?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although no lightning discharges were observed during the Voyager 1 flyby of Titan, this lack of evidence does not rule out the existence of lightning phenomena which could be detected by the Radio and Plasma Wave Science (RPWS) instrument on board of the Cassini spacecraft. The existence of lightning or other electromagnetic discharges has been suggested to explain the formation of hydrocarbons and nitriles in the context of Titan's complex organic chemistry. Although thunderclouds may be a rare phenomenon in Titan's lower atmosphere, recent investigations show that such clouds may cause temporary maximum electrical fields in the order of 2106Vm?1 sufficient to initiate 20 km long Earth-like cloud-to-ground type 2 lightning strokes. Since such clouds are likely to be correlated with strong convection near the subsolar point, we expect possible lightning flashes to occur only on the dayside. Recent telescopic infrared observations have detected localized, high, short-lived clouds on Titan. We have calculated the flash characteristics, frequency spectrum, maximum spectral energy and the electromagnetic energy radiated into the troposphere by using a wave guide model of lightning currents for Titan's lightning strokes. Our study indicates that cloud-to-ground lightning strokes on Titan would be comparable with so-called type 2 lightning strokes on Earth. Their total radiated energy to the far field could be about 130 kJ and their maximum energy at a frequency of about 4 kHz. In order to estimate the capability of the Cassini/RPWS instrument to detect lightning discharges during several close Titan flybys, we distinguish the atmospheric regions, where the propagation of electromagnetic waves is unperturbed or where it is impossible. We found that the Cassini/RPWS instrument should be able to detect electromagnetic signals generated from a representative cloud-to-ground lightning stroke in Titan's lower atmosphere in a frequency range above 500 kHz or 1 \\{MHz\\} up to 200 Titan radii away. We suggest that for the search of lightning signals the RPWS high-frequency receiver HF2 with its H2-1E or H2-1E/F receiver modes and low integration times ?t of 10 or 20 ms should be chosen. Since the lightning flash rate might be low (<1 flash per hour) it is important to have long observation times. An analysis of all Cassini trajectories of Titan close flybys shows that the spacecraft would have the opportunity to observe Titan's dayside within 100 Titan radii during nearly all flybys. This time should be long enough, even if the lightning flash rate is low.

H. Lammer; T. Tokano; G. Fischer; W. Stumptner; G.J. Molina-Cuberos; K. Schwingenschuh; H.O. Rucker

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Regulatory guidance for lightning protection in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was engaged by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) to develop the technical basis for regulatory guidance to address design and implementation practices for lightning protection systems in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Lightning protection is becoming increasingly important with the advent of digital and low-voltage analog systems in NPPs. These systems have the potential to be more vulnerable than older analog systems to the resulting power surges and electromagnetic interference (EMI) when lightning strikes facilities or power lines. This paper discusses the technical basis for guidance to licensees and applicants covered in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.204, Guidelines for Lightning Protection of Nuclear Power Plants, issued August 2005. RG 1.204 describes guidance for practices that are acceptable to the NRC staff for protecting nuclear power structures and systems from direct lightning strikes and the resulting secondary effects. (authors)

Kisner, R. A.; Wilgen, J. B.; Ewing, P. D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P. O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6007 (United States); Antonescu, C. E. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Regulatory Guidance for Lightning Protection in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract - Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was engaged by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) to develop the technical basis for regulatory guidance to address design and implementation practices for lightning protection systems in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Lightning protection is becoming increasingly important with the advent of digital and low-voltage analog systems in NPPs. These systems have the potential to be more vulnerable than older analog systems to the resulting power surges and electromagnetic interference (EMI) when lightning strikes facilities or power lines. This paper discusses the technical basis for guidance to licensees and applicants covered in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.204, Guidelines for Lightning Protection of Nuclear Power Plants, issued August 2005. RG 1.204 describes guidance for practices that are acceptable to the NRC staff for protecting nuclear power structures and systems from direct lightning strikes and the resulting secondary effects.

Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Ewing, Paul D [ORNL; Korsah, Kofi [ORNL; Antonescu, Christina E [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

AC and lightning performance of fiberglass crossarms aged in 115 kV transmission line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an investigation of the electrical performance of 115 kV transmission line fiberglass cross-arm used by Mississippi Power and Light Company. A transmission line fiberglass crossarm removed from service and companion cross-arms outdoors but not in service were examined. The evaluation of electrical performance was based on flashover voltage value at AC voltage and standard lightning impulses as well as under dry and wet conditions. The tests were performed in the Mississippi State University High Voltage Laboratory. The obtained flashover voltages show no large differences in electrical strength of fiberglass crossarms removed from service and those stored outdoors. The Added CFO voltage by fiberglass crossarm to the porcelain suspension insulators is presented versus the length of the fiberglass crossarm for dry and wet conditions.

Grzybowski, S. (Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering); Jenkins, E.B. (Entergy, New Orleans, LA (United States). Generation and Transmission Group)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Lightning and radar observations of hurricane Rita landfall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) owns and operates an array of Very-Low Frequency (VLF) sensors that measure the Radio-Frequency (RF) waveforms emitted by Cloud-to-Ground (CG) and InCloud (IC) lightning. This array, the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA), has approximately 15 sensors concentrated in the Great Plains and Florida, which detect electric field changes in a bandwidth from 200 Hz to 500 kHz (Smith et al., 2002). Recently, LANL has begun development of a new dual-band RF sensor array that includes the Very-High Frequency (VHF) band as well as the VLF. Whereas VLF lightning emissions can be used to deduce physical parameters such as lightning type and peak current, VHF emissions can be used to perform precise 3d mapping of individual radiation sources, which can number in the thousands for a typical CG flash. These new dual-band sensors will be used to monitor lightning activity in hurricanes in an effort to better predict intensification cycles. Although the new LANL dual-band array is not yet operational, we have begun initial work utilizing both VLF and VHF lightning data to monitor hurricane evolution. In this paper, we present the temporal evolution of Rita's landfall using VLF and VHF lightning data, and also WSR-88D radar. At landfall, Rita's northern eyewall experienced strong updrafts and significant lightning activity that appear to mark a transition between oceanic hurricane dynamics and continental thunderstorm dynamics. In section 2, we give a brief overview of Hurricane Rita, including its development as a hurricane and its lightning history. In the following section, we present WSR-88D data of Rita's landfall, including reflectivity images and temporal variation. In section 4, we present both VHF and VLF lightning data, overplotted on radar reflectivity images. Finally, we discuss our observations, including a comparison to previous studies and a brief conclusion.

Henderson, Bradley G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Suszcynsky, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamlin, Timothy E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jeffery, C A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Kyle C [TEXAS TECH U.; Orville, R E [TEXAS A& M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

At any moment, there are 2,000 lightning storms around the Almost every day someone is struck by lightning. Most of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flash. · Lightning may go from one part of a cloud to another, or from cloud to cloud. It may go fromAt any moment, there are 2,000 lightning storms around the world. Almost every day someone is struck by lightning. Most of these people survive--with lifelong health problems--but many are killed

106

The search for Titan lightning radio emissions G. Fischer1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was caused by lightning exciting a Schumann resonance in the ionospheric cavity. In a further investigation instability mechanism. Morente et al. [2008] claimed the extraction of six Schumann resonances in agreement

Gurnett, Donald A.

107

Lightning Dock Geothermal HI-01 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HI-01 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Lightning Dock Geothermal HI-01 Author Cyrq Energy Published Cyrq Energy, 2014 DOI Not Provided...

108

Well Deepening At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2006...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

109

Cation Geothermometers At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

110

Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

111

Isotope Geothermometry At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

112

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lightning Dock Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

113

Gamma Log At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2006) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number DE-FC07-00AL66977 Notes This project deepened a well and took 4 samples from wells around the Lightning Docks KGRA and performed extensive chamical and isotope analysis...

114

UPGRADE AND EVALUATION OF A LIGHTNING DETECTION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/11/2004 page 3 of 17 1 INTRODUCTION KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute) has upgraded itsUPGRADE AND EVALUATION OF A LIGHTNING DETECTION SYSTEM Hans Beekhuis Iwan Holleman the Netherlands

Stoffelen, Ad

115

Enlightening lightning! Producing and directing a multimedia planetarium show  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is middle school aged children. The goal of the show is to teach lightning safety and lightning facts in an immersive environment. Through the use of video, an animated character, and a meteorologist, the curriculum is presented to the audience. I...! by starting with outlining the curriculum and finishing with putting it all together at the planetarium. The goal of this paper is to discuss the techniques and organizational methods used to manage a diverse group and produce a multimedia show. iv...

Fowler, Sarah Marie

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Quantitative Differences between Lightning and Nonlightning Convective Rainfall Events as Observed with Polarimetric Radar and MSG Satellite Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To increase understanding of the relationships between lightning and nonlightning convective storms, lightning observations from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA) campaign ...

Retha Matthee; John R. Mecikalski; Lawrence D. Carey; Phillip M. Bitzer

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Biomass burning and global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The burning of living and dead biomass including forests savanna grasslands and agricultural wastes is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed and may consume as much as 8700 teragrams of dry biomass matter per year. The burning of this much biomass releases about 3940 teragrams of total carbon or about 3550 teragrams of carbon in the form of CO2 which is about 40% of the total global annual production of CO2. Biomass burning may also produce about 32% of the worlds annual production of CO 24% of the nonmethane hydrocarbons 20% of the oxides of nitrogen and biomass burn combustion products may be responsible for producing about 38% of the ozone in the troposphere. Biomass burning has increased with time and today is overwhelmingly human?initiated.

Joel S. Levine; Wesley R. Cofer III; Donald R. Cahoon Jr.; Edward L. Winsted; Brian J. Stocks

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

X-ray Emission from Thunderstorms and Lightning  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

How lightning is initiated in the relatively low electric fields inside thunderclouds and how it can then propagate for tens of kilometers through virgin air are two of the great unsolved problems in the atmospheric sciences. Until very recently it was believed that lightning was entirely a conventional discharge, involving only low-energy (a few eV) electrons. This picture changed completely a few years ago with the discovery of intense x-ray emission from both natural cloud-to-ground lightning and rocket-triggered lightning. This energetic emission cannot be produced by a conventional discharge, and so the presence of x-rays strongly implies that runaway breakdown plays a role in lightning processes. During runaway breakdown, electrons are accelerated through air to nearly the speed of light by strong electric fields. These runaway electrons then emit bremsstrahlung x-rays and gamma-rays during collisions with air. Indeed, the x-ray and gamma-ray emission produced by runaway breakdown near the tops of thunderstorms is bright enough to be seen from outer space, 600 km away. As a result, the physics used for decades to describe thunderstorm electrification and lightning discharges is incomplete and needs to be revisited.

Joseph Dwyer

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

ARM - Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 2013 BNL BBOP Website Contacts Larry Kleinman, Lead Scientist Arthur Sedlacek Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) Biomass Burning Plants, trees, grass, brush, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Molecular Characterization of Biomass Burning Aerosols Using...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Burning Aerosols Using High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Molecular Characterization of Biomass Burning Aerosols Using High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Abstract: Chemical...

122

Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, shows that LDAR II lightning source heights (quartile, median, and 95th percentile heights) increased as the storms intensified. Most of the total lightning occurred where reflectivity cores extended upwards and within regions of reflectivity gradient...

Steiger, Scott Michael

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

123

Storm-Scale Ensemble Kalman Filter Assimilation of Total Lightning Flash-Extent Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A set of observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) demonstrates the potential benefit from ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) assimilation of total lightning flash mapping data. Synthetic lightning data were generated to mimic the Geostationary ...

Edward R. Mansell

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Assimilation of Lightning Data Using a Nudging Method Involving Low-Level Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents a new method for assimilating lightning data into numerical models that is suitable at convection-permitting scales. The authors utilized data from the Earth Networks Total Lightning Network at 9-km grid spacing to mimic the ...

Max R. Marchand; Henry E. Fuelberg

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Radar-Derived Forecasts of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning Forecasts..........................................................................................45 2.7 First Flash Forecasts and Lead Times.....................................................................47 vii... Cell Number ? 25 August 2000..............................................68 3.4 First Flash Forecast Time........................................................................................70 3.5 Lightning Forecasting Algorithm (LFA) Development...

Mosier, Richard Matthew

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

126

Polarimetric and Electrical Characteristics of a Lightning Ring in a Supercell Storm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On 30 May 2004, a supercell storm was sampled by a suite of instrumentation that had been deployed as part of the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment (TELEX). The instrumentation included the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array (OK-...

Clark D. Payne; Terry J. Schuur; Donald R. MacGorman; Michael I. Biggerstaff; Kristin M. Kuhlman; W. David Rust

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Cloud-to-ground lightning-precipitation relationships in the South Central United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) from the states of Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana are examined. The parameters are examined on daily and/or monthly time scales. This study uses CG lightning data which were recorded by the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN...

Sheridan, Scott Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

128

A Preliminary Assessment of Using Spatiotemporal Lightning Patterns for a Binary Classification of Thunderstorm Mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study provides a preliminary, regional assessment of the viability of using spatiotemporal lightning patterns to classify storms into single-cell versus multicell and supercell storm modes. Total lightning flashes (intracloud and cloud-to-...

Paul Miller; Andrew W. Ellis; Stephen Keighton

129

Strong electric fields from positive lightning strokes in the stratosphere R. H. Holzworth,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strong electric fields from positive lightning strokes in the stratosphere R. H. Holzworth,1 M. P] A balloon payload launched in Brazil has measured vector electric fields from lightning at least an order of the electric field transient propagation. These measurements imply that lightning electric fields

Thomas, Jeremy N.

130

Halos generated by negative cloud-to-ground lightning H. U. Frey,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are collected from about 20 msec before the triggering lightning flash up to 200 msec after it. It is thereforeHalos generated by negative cloud-to-ground lightning H. U. Frey,1 S. B. Mende,1 S. A. Cummer,2 J] The Imager for Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL) on the FORMOSAT-2 spacecraft observes

Cummer, Steven A.

131

The 29 June 2000 Supercell Observed During STEPS. Part II: Lightning and Charge Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico Tech Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) are used to quantify the total and cloud-to- ground (CG) flash for 95­100% of the total lightning activity during any given minute. Nearly 90% of the CG flashes of positive charge. The storm produced only two CG flashes (both positive) in the first two hours of lightning

Rutledge, Steven

132

Statistical patterns in the location of natural lightning F. G. Zoghzoghy,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a subsequent flash is reduced until the cloud charge separation rebuilds. The temporal pattern of lightning this statistical method to show that a lightning flash can remove an appreciable fraction of the built up charge a positive and a negative layer. The remaining lightning activity is due to cloud-to-ground (CG) flashes

133

TRMM observations of the global relationship between ice water content and lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to study the fundamental relationship between precipitation ice mass and lightning flash density water path and lightning flash density is relatively invariant between land, ocean and coastal regimes proportionality between charge generation rates on ice and lightning flash rates, predict a linear to slightly non

Rutledge, Steven

134

Measurements of NOX produced by rocket-triggered lightning M. Rahman,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lightning flashes were triggered using the rocket- and-wire technique at the International Center atmosphere. [3] A direct measurement of the NOX generated by a natural lightning flash is impractical because generated by lightning flashes. Due to a large number of uncertainties involved, the estimates of global NOX

Florida, University of

135

Cutoff and reestablishment of current in rocket-triggered lightning V. A. Rakov,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negative rocket-triggered lightning flashes without return strokes (two from 1997 and one from 1993 lightning flash, from 1993, similar inferences regarding the processes involved in the replacement for the understanding of channel current cutoff in natural lightning flashes and may provide new insights

Florida, University of

136

The meteorology of negative cloud-to-ground lightning strokes with large charge moment changes: Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the systems produced greater than 50% negative CG lightning, though flash rates tended to be low nearThe meteorology of negative cloud-to-ground lightning strokes with large charge moment changes the stroke (1­2 min?1 on average). The results suggest that negative sprite-parent/class lightning typically

Cummer, Steven A.

137

Development of a Long-Range Lightning Detection Network for the Pacific: Construction, Calibration, and Performance*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net/LLDN was carefully assessed. Long-range lightning flash detection efficiency (DE) and location accuracy (LA) modelsDevelopment of a Long-Range Lightning Detection Network for the Pacific: Construction, Calibration-frequency (VLF) emis- sions generated by lightning, called sferics, to propagate over long distances. The new

Businger, Steven

138

An evaluation of the performance characteristics of the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-ground lightning. [4] Cummins et al. [1998], using their detection efficiency model, estimated flash detectionAn evaluation of the performance characteristics of the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network in Florida using rocket-triggered lightning J. Jerauld, V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, K. J. Rambo, and D. M

Florida, University of

139

The meteorology of negative cloud-to-ground lightning strokes with large charge moment changes: Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% negative CG lightning, though flash rates tended to be low near the stroke (1­2 min?1 on averageThe meteorology of negative cloud-to-ground lightning strokes with large charge moment changes). The results suggest that negative sprite-parent/class lightning typically occurs in precipitation systems

Rutledge, Steven

140

Lightning morphology and impulse charge moment change of high peak current negative strokes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with two unusual flash types that both initially develop as positive (normal) intracloud lightning currents, and how is this variability connected to the in- cloud structure of lightning flashes? [3Lightning morphology and impulse charge moment change of high peak current negative strokes Gaopeng

Cummer, Steven A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Lightning mapping observation of a terrestrial gammaray flash Gaopeng Lu,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Lightning mapping observation of a terrestrial gammaray flash Gaopeng Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) related to a terrestrial gammaray flash (TGF) detected by RHESSI of a compact intracloud (IC) lightning flash between a negative charge region centered at about 8.5 km above

Cummer, Steven A.

142

The Morphology of Eyewall Lightning Outbreaks in Two Category 5 Hurricanes* K. SQUIRES AND S. BUSINGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photographs of lightning flashes, provided by Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites, which included both intracloud lightning flashes and cloud-to-ground strikes, in order to derive the lightning flash frequencies of specific convective systems. Orville et al. (1983) and Williams et al. (1992

Businger, Steven

143

Relationships between lightning and properties of convective cloud Joanna M. Futyan1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 2007. [1] Satellite observations of convective system properties and lightning flash rate are used with the lightning flash rate. A roughly second order power-law fit to the mean radar echo top height above the 0°C isotherm is shown to capture both regional and land-ocean contrasts in lightning occurrence and flash rate

144

2 Comparing E field changes aloft to lightning mapping 4 Richard G. Sonnenfeld,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-ground (CG) lightning flash can be quantified. As 12 the flash progresses, the locations of the charge2 Comparing E field changes aloft to lightning mapping 3 data 4 Richard G. Sonnenfeld,1 John electric and magnetic sensors 7 for determining how lightning alters electric field vectors relative

Hager, William

145

Leader/return-stroke-like processes in the initial stage of rocket-triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, current, and electric field records from nine triggered- lightning flashes are analyzed to examine of the time and location of a lightning flash, and hence of the exact distance to the termination point, and the initial stage remains considerably less studied. [3] The IS of a rocket-triggered lightning flash consists

Florida, University of

146

Determination of the electric field intensity and space charge density versus height prior to triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from a lightning flash typically causes a polarity reversal at ground but not at altitude to triggered lightning C. J. Biagi,1 M. A. Uman,1 J. Gopalakrishnan,2 J. D. Hill,1 V. A. Rakov,1 T. Ngin,1 were measured during six wire launches that resulted in triggered lightning. The wires were launched

Gopalakrishnan, Jay

147

Environmental control of cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in severe storms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................ 23 a. Thunderstorm electrification ................................................ 23 1) Charging mechanisms and typical charge structure ... 23 2) Cloud-to-ground lightning flash................................. 27 3.............................................................................. 175 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The great majority of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flashes worldwide lower negative charge to ground (negative CG flashes) (MacGorman and Rust 1998; Rakov and Uman 2003). In a study of CG lightning across...

Buffalo, Kurt Matthew

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

The World Wide Lightning Location Network and Convective Activity in Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 2010, in final form 19 August 2010) ABSTRACT Lightning flash density in tropical cyclones (TCs) is investigated to identify whether lightning flashes provide information on TC intensity and/or intensity change. The National Lightning Detection Network is used to analyze flash density as a function of peak current

Corbosiero, Kristen L.

149

Radar and Lightning Observations of Normal and Inverted Polarity Multicellular Storms from STEPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as well as extraordinary total flash rates as high as 500 min 1 . The National Lightning Detection NetworkRadar and Lightning Observations of Normal and Inverted Polarity Multicellular Storms from STEPS received 11 July 2006, in final form 15 February 2007) ABSTRACT This study discusses radar and lightning

Rutledge, Steven

150

TRANSIENT CURRENTSAM) VOLTAGES IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DUE TO NATURAL LIGHTNING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 1995, a lightning flash struck earth tens of meters away from the test system's conductors. On 11 of the test distribution system at ICLRT for the lightning flashes analyzed are given in Figs. 1 and 2TRANSIENT CURRENTSAM) VOLTAGES IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DUE TO NATURAL LIGHTNING M

Florida, University of

151

Simultaneous observations of optical lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flash from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Simultaneous observations of optical lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flash from space N detection from space of a terrestrial3 gamma-ray flash (TGF) and the optical signal from lightning, TGF and optical emissions in an IC lightning flash has been identified.11 #12;3 1. Introduction12

?stgaard, Nikolai

152

Simultaneous radio and satellite optical measurements of high-altitude sprite current and lightning continuing current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is tightly correlated with the low-altitude optical emissions from the lightning flash, indicatingSimultaneous radio and satellite optical measurements of high-altitude sprite current and lightning; accepted 18 July 2006; published 19 October 2006. [1] We report coordinated measurements of lightning

California at Berkeley, University of

153

Optimized regional and interannual variability of lightning in a global chemical transport model constrained  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to remove their diurnal sampling bias, we construct a monthly time series of lightning flash rates for 1998, D20307, doi:10.1029/2012JD017934. 1. Introduction [2] The extreme heat in a lightning flash channelOptimized regional and interannual variability of lightning in a global chemical transport model

Jacob, Daniel J.

154

High-speed video observations of rocket-and-wire initiated lightning C. J. Biagi,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lightning flash obtained with high-speed video cameras recording 5400 and 50000 frames per second (frame at the International Center for Lightning Research and Testing (ICLRT) in north-central Florida. The flashHigh-speed video observations of rocket-and-wire initiated lightning C. J. Biagi,1 D. M. Jordan,1 M

Florida, University of

155

AcceptedArticleSimultaneous observations of optical lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flash from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AcceptedArticleSimultaneous observations of optical lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flash from pulses, TGF and optical emissions in an IC lightning flash has been identified. 7 University of Alabama occur during the initial phase of a normal polarity intracloud (IC) lightning flash, bringing negative

?stgaard, Nikolai

156

Initial breakdown pulses in intracloud lightning flashes and their relation to terrestrial gamma ray flashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Initial breakdown pulses in intracloud lightning flashes and their relation to terrestrial gamma breakdown stage of 10 intracloud lightning flashes that may have produced terrestrial gamma ray flashes, and S. Xiong (2013), Initial breakdown pulses in intracloud lightning flashes and their relation

Cummer, Steven A.

157

Three Years of TRMM Precipitation Features. Part I: Radar, Radiometric, and Lightning Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The population of precipitation features is sorted by lightning flash rate, minimum brightness temperature lightning, with a minimum detectable flash rate of 0.7 flashes (fl) min 1 . The greatest observed flash rate, lightning flash rate, and location. This combina- tion allows detailed characterization of millions of in

Nesbitt, Steve

158

Data Assimilation of Lightning in WRF 3/4-D VAR Using Observation Operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@fsu.edu Abstract Compared to other types of satellite-derived data, assimilating lightning data into operationalData Assimilation of Lightning in WRF 3/4-D VAR Using Observation Operators Razvan S¸tefanescu1. The early stages of our research will utilize existing ground-based lightning data that can be assimilated

Navon, Michael

159

Correlation Between Lightning Flash Count and Meteorological ParCorrelation Between Lightning Flash Count and Meteorological Parametersameters [[AE31AAE31A--0027]0027] Results: Mixing Ratio, CAPE, and TemperatureResults: Mixing Ratio, CAPE, and Temperatur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correlation Between Lightning Flash Count and Meteorological ParCorrelation Between Lightning Flash with afternoon lightning, with average correlation coefficients [Taylor96] of 0.7. We also found, in Oklahoma, the dry-bulb temperature at 500 hPa (weakly) inversely correlates with lightning. We noted with interest

Mass, Clifford F.

160

1806 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 43, NO. 8, AUGUST 2005 The Correlation Between Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lightning strokes per hour per square mile if a power law fit is employed. The use of lightning flash in regions where radar coverage is lacking (e.g., Tapia et al. [1]). Cloud-to-ground lightning flashes can- relate the number of cloud-to-ground lightning flashes to (or one of several variables related

Saylor, John R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Radar Nowcasting of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning over Houston, Texas RICHARD M. MOSIER,* COURTNEY SCHUMACHER, AND RICHARD E. ORVILLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-ground lightning flash from a convective cell. Convective cells were tracked using a modified version of the Storm lightning flashes to find the best lightning forecast criteria. Results show that using 30 dBZ at the 2158. Introduction The forecasting of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flashes is of great importance. Curran et al

162

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 23, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2008 2439 Distribution of Currents in the Lightning Protective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ground rod for the lightning protective system and one for the power supply system) of the test house in the Lightning Protective System of a Residential Building--Part I: Triggered-Lightning Experiments Brian A. De system (LPS) tests conducted in 2004 and 2005 at the Inter- national Center for Lightning Research

Florida, University of

163

96 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 46, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2004 Triggered Lightning Testing of an Airport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning Testing of an Airport Runway Lighting System Mirela Bejleri, Vladimir A. Rakov, Fellow, IEEE rods, lighting system, lightning protection, triggered lightning. I. INTRODUCTION THE EXPERIMENTS Abstract--The interaction of rocket-triggered lightning with an airport runway lighting system has been

Florida, University of

164

Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 32.346944444444°, -108.70722222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346944444444,"lon":-108.70722222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

A possible relationship between Global Warming and Lightning Activity in India during the period 1998-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning activity on a global scale has been studied season wise using satellite data for the period from 1998 to 2009. Lightning activity shows an increasing trend during the period of study which is highly correlated with atmospheric warming. A similar increasing trend of lightning activity is observed in the Indian region during the pre-monsoon season which is correlated with global lightning trends and warming trends of surface temperature in India. Key words: Global warming, lightning activity, Solar cycle changes

Felix Pereira B.; Priyadarsini G.; T. E. Girish

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Biomass Burning Observation Project Specifically,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Burning Observation Project Burning Observation Project Specifically, the aircraft will obtain measurements of the microphysical, chemical, hygroscopic, and optical properties of aerosols. Data captured during BBOP will help scientists better understand how aerosols combine and change at a variety of distances and burn times. Locations Pasco, Washington. From July through September, the G-1 will be based out of its home base in Washington. From this location, it can intercept and measure smoke plumes from naturally occurring uncontrolled fires across Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Northern California, and Western Montana. Smoke plumes aged 0-5 hours are the primary targets for this phase of the campaign. Memphis, Tennessee. In October, the plane moves to Tennessee to sample prescribed

167

Open Burning (New Mexico) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Open Burning (New Mexico) Open Burning (New Mexico) Open Burning (New Mexico) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Program Info Start Date 2003 State New Mexico Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider New Mexico Environment Department The New Mexico Environment Department's Air Quality Bureau regulates the open burning rules established by the Environmental Improvement Board. These rules are established to protect public health and welfare by establishing controls on pollution produced by open burning. Open burning is allowed for recreational and ceremonial purposes, for barbecuing, for heating purposes in fireplaces, for the noncommercial cooking of food for human consumption and for warming by small wood fires at construction

168

Mercury Emissions from Biomass Burning in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because the burned area products from remote sensors with medium resolution often miss the crop burning in fields due to its small size, we used the official statistics data at the provincial level to estimate the mercury emissions from crop residues burning in fields and biofuel combustion in homes. ... Although the amount of crop residues burnt in fields in China could not be reflected accurately in burned area products (MCD45A1) because of their small size, they could be located by MODIS fire counts data. ... Frequently burning grasslands in Africa and Australia, and agricultural waste burning globally, contribute relatively little to the Hg budget. ...

Xin Huang; Mengmeng Li; Hans R. Friedli; Yu Song; Di Chang; Lei Zhu

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

169

Wood would burn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absract In view of the world-wide problem of energy sustainability and greenhouse gas production (carbon dioxide), it is timely to review the issues involved in generating heat and power from all fuels and especially new (to the UK) solid fuels, including high moisture fuels such as wood, SRF, oil shale, tar sands and brown coal, which will become major international fuels as oil and gas become depleted. The combustion properties of some of these materials are significantly different from traditional coal, oil and gas fuels, however the technology proposed herein is also applicable to these conventional fuels. This paper presents some innovative combustion system options and the associated technical factors that must be considered for their implementation. For clarity of understanding, the novel concepts will be largely presented in terms of a currently developing solid fuel market; biomass wood chips. One of the most important characteristics of many solid fuels to be used in the future (including oil shale and brown coal) is their high moisture content of up to 60%. This could be removed by utilising low grade waste heat that is widely available in industry to dry the fuel and thus reduce transport costs. Burning such dried wood for power generation also increases the energy available from combustion and thus acts as a thermal transformer by upgrading the low grade heat to heat available at combustion temperatures. The alternative approach presented here is to recover the latent heat by condensing the extrinsic moisture and the water formed during combustion. For atmospheric combustion, the temperature of the condensed combustion products is below the dew point at about 5565C and is only suitable for recovery in an efficient district heating system. However, in order to generate power from the latent heat, the condensation temperature must be increased to the level where the heat can be used in the thermodynamic power cycle. This can be achieved by increasing the combustion pressure to above 80bar, resulting in the recovered latent heat being available at more than 200C. It can then be used to increase the cycle efficiency by about 15% by pre-heating the boiler water and/or combustion air etc. A further advantage is that the high pressure of the combustion gases also reduces the superheater tube stress since it can balance the steam pressure. The key advantage of this high pressure flue gas is that it is above the pressure at which carbon dioxide condenses to a liquid or supercritical gas at atmospheric temperature. Thus when used with oxy-fuel combustion, the carbon dioxide flue gas from which the moisture has been condensed can be cooled to atmospheric temperature and the supercritical CO2 can be fed directly into the pipes leading to the sequestration site. An important consideration of these strategies is to ensure that non-condensable gases in the exhaust, including oxygen and nitrogen, do not adversely affect the condensation processes. When oxy-fuel combustion is used, the flame temperature must be moderated by a cool diluent. Recycled carbon dioxide is often proposed for this duty. However, since the latent heat is recovered, the moisture or even additional water can fulfil this role. This latter option may be advantageous since it is more efficient to pump wood chip fuel in water into the high pressure zone rather than feed solid wood particles. Surplus water can be simply drained and the wet wood chips are a good fuel when the latent heat of the moisture in the fuel gases is recovered into the power cycle. Bearing in mind that it is much more efficient to pump a liquid to high pressure than to compress the same material as a gas, indicates that cryogenic oxygen is a suitable material to use for an efficient power station that generates energy from biomass (or other fuels such as coal etc). Finally, combustion of the hydrogen from the watergas reaction with oxygen allows the steam temperature in the turbine to be increased to the gas-turbine engine range of 10001400C an

Jim Swithenbank; Qun Chen; Xiaohui Zhang; Vida Sharifi; Mohamed Pourkashanian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Improving Lightning Cessation Guidance Using Polarimetric Radar Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarimetric radar data are used to develop lightning cessation guidance for the Cape Canaveral area of central Florida. Eighty non-severe thunderstorm cells in 2012, mostly during the warm season, are analyzed for this purpose. In-cloud and cloud-...

Ari D. Preston; Henry E. Fuelberg

171

High-energy radiation from thunderstorms and lightning with LOFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a White Paper in support of the mission concept of the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT), proposed as a medium-sized ESA mission. We discuss the potential of LOFT for the study of high-energy radiation from thunderstorms and lightning. For a summary, we refer to the paper.

Marisaldi, M; Brandt, S; Briggs, M S; Budtz-Jrgensen, C; Campana, R; Carlson, B E; Celestin, S; Connaughton, V; Cummer, S A; Dwyer, J R; Fishman, G J; Fullekrug, M; Fuschino, F; Gjesteland, T; Neubert, T; stgaard, N; Tavani, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Carbon dioxide emission during forest fires ignited by lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we developed the model for the carbon dioxide emission from forest fire. The master equation for the spreading of the carbon dioxide to atmosphere is the hyperbolic diffusion equation. In the paper we study forest fire ignited by lightning. In that case the fores fire has the well defined front which propagates with finite velocity.

Magdalena Pelc; Radoslaw Osuch

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

173

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 490: Station 44 Burn Area, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 490, Station 44 Burn Area is located on the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). CAU 490 is listed in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) and includes for Corrective Action Sites (CASs): (1) Fire Training Area (CAS 03-56-001-03BA); (2) Station 44 Burn Area (CAS RG-56-001-RGBA); (3) Sandia Service Yard (CAS 03-58-001-03FN); and (4) Gun Propellant Burn Area (CAS 09-54-001-09L2).

K. B. Campbell

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Raymond Burns > Product Research Technologist - Exxon Mobile...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raymond Burns Product Research Technologist - Exxon Mobile raymond.burns@gmail.com Formerly a member of the DiSalvo Group, Ray earned his PhD in August 2013...

175

Update Direct-Strike Lightning Environment for Stockpile-to-Target Sequence: Supplement LLNL Subcontract #B568621 Lightning Protection at the Yucca Mountain Waste Storage Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Florida has surveyed all relevant publications reporting lightning damage to metals, metals which could be used as components of storage containers for nuclear waste materials. We show that even the most severe lightning could not penetrate the stainless steel thicknesses proposed for nuclear waste storage casks.

Uman, M A

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

176

Science Serv.ice Feature Released upn receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Serv.ice Feature Released upn receipt but intended for use March 28, 1933 'i 'IJI.IY TKE m estiraating the t o t a l number of lightning flashes, since whiibe som thunderstorms produce only a fern discharges of lightnhg - Say one t o a dozen - there are others that produce thousands. B i s is In one Npine

177

Forest Service Research Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hills fire of October 30-November 1, 1967 showing observation sites, Cleveland National Forest, southernU.S.O.A. Forest Service Research Note PSW-183 ABSTRACT: Two fires burned in the same area was rruch more disastrous than the Pine Hills fire of 1967. The earlier fire claimed 11 lives, and covered

Standiford, Richard B.

178

The burn bactericidal index: A bactericidal index specific for burn patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The percentage of the body surface area burned together with the bactericidal capacity of polymorphs were found to have an influence on burned patients' resistance to infection. This new indicator of resistance to infection in burns, the Burn Bactericidal Index (BBI), was high in patients not susceptible to infection especially in patients vaccinated against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but low in patients with extensive burns and in patients with septicaemia and other acute clinical infections.

E.A. Roe

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The distribution of thunderstorm and lightning parameters over the Eastern Hemisphere for 1972  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hz, and 40 kHz, that approximately 120 discharges occur per second. This result is in close agreement with that of Brooks, especially when one considers the disparate methods of analysis. Aiya (1968) used lightning flash counters to estimate that a local... processes by which charge is transferred between centers of opposite polarity (Huschke, 1959). Lightning discharges almost always are accompanied by thunder. In April 1855, five "brilliant flashes" of lightning were seen to strike the Washington Monument...

Freeman, William Burns

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

Analysis of Lightning-induced Voltages in Overhead Transmission Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work we study the coupling of lightning induced voltages in Overhead Transmission Lines .The study is led directly in the time domain with hold in account the effect of a finite conductivity of the soil. After discretization by the method so-called FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) of the lines equations excited by a lightning wave and the application in every node of the network in current and voltage, we deduct a equations system, of which the resolution permits us to deduct the induced electric quantities in every node of the network. In order to confirm our theoretical work, we present a set of applications that allows validating this study.

Mostefa. Boumaiza; Djamel. Labed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

An evaluation of lightning flash characteristics using LDAR and NLDN networks with warm season southeast Texas thunderstorms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of flash parameters from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) is made with data obtained from the Houston Lightning Detection and Ranging II (LDAR) network. This research focuses on relating the peak current and number...

Jurecka, Joseph William

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

182

Cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics of warm season Mesoscale Convection Systems in the Central United States: 1992-1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, by comparing the storm systems of 1992 vs.1993, it was determined whether the CG lightning characteristics of the flood producing storm systems of 1993 were vastly different than the preceding year. Results from the climatology of the CG lightning...

Hoeth, Brian Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Evolution of cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics within the convective region of a midlatitude squall line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been examined over a period of 49 minutes. Lightning data from the National Severe Storms Laboratory lightning detection network combined with seven dual-Doppler analyses provided a unique dataset in which to study this Mesoscale Convective System...

Billingsley, David Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Houston Lightning Mapping Array: Network Installation and Preliminary Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in August of the same year. Two additional sensors were added to the network in January 2007, bringing the Houston LDAR-II network to a full set of twelve stations. These sensors were purchased from Vaisala, Inc. who developed a commercial version... functionally similar to the Lightning Mapping Array sensors developed at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. The Houston LDAR-II network remained operational until March 2012 when the network was decommissioned and subsequently replaced...

Cullen, Matthew Ryan

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

185

Radar Nowcasting of Total Lightning over the Kennedy Space Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection Network (NLDN), as well as grouped IC flash data acquired from the KSC Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) networks I and II. Pairs of reflectivity values (30, 35, and 40 dBZ) at isothermal levels (-10, -15, -20 and updraft -10?C), as well... Page 1 Florida flash density from 1986-95. ......................................................... 3 2 LDAR-I and LDAR-II site locations ........................................................ 13 3 Various estimates of LDAR-I flash...

Seroka, Gregory Nicholas

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

186

Burn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stream that meanders through the cavern. My guide tells me the brook was once a roaring river, two hundred million years ago this site was covered by an inland sea. He points out salamander and raccoon tracks in the mud as we hike past Mirror... While Painting a Red Canna: A Rhapsody 52 IV. New Poems Halloween 54 Alabaster Caverns 55 Subterranean Red 57 Ten Seconds After the Gun 58 Rock Wall 59 Following the Red Hills home 60...

Johnson, Vivian Kathleen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

9D.7 THE QBO'S INFLUENCE ON LIGHTNING PRODUCTION IN THE TROPICS Celina A. Hernandez*, and Courtney Schumacher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

warming in off- equator regions. By this notion, it is anticipated that lightning flash densities near America. It is hypothesized that lightning flash densities will increase (decrease) during the east (west Sensor (LIS) data A monthly climatology of eight years (1998-2005) #12;of lightning flash densities

188

Observed one-dimensional return stroke propagation speeds in the bottom 170 m of a rocket-triggered lightning channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speeds of five strokes from a seven-stroke triggered lightning flash are measured, with a 2 ns sampling in nearly 50 dB of dynamic range. The seven-stroke lightning flash analyzed here was triggered at Camp-triggered lightning channel R. C. Olsen III, D. M. Jordan, V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and N. Grimes Department

Florida, University of

189

110 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 50, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2008 Experimental Study of Lightning-Induced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-derivative waveforms simultaneously measured at the ICLRT. During a close natural lightning flash, five pre Study of Lightning-Induced Currents in a Buried Loop Conductor and a Grounded Vertical Conductor Jens were recorded in 2005 at the International Center for Lightning Research and Testing (ICLRT). The peak

Florida, University of

190

Measured electric and magnetic fields from an unusual cloud-to-ground lightning flash containing two positive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measured electric and magnetic fields from an unusual cloud-to-ground lightning flash containing at multiple stations between about 300 and 800 m of a cloud-to-ground ``bipolar'' lightning flash containing an unusual cloud-to-ground lightning flash containing two positive strokes followed by four negative strokes

Florida, University of

191

On the electric field at the tip of dart leaders in lightning flashes Vernon Cooraya,, Marley Becerra a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the electric field at the tip of dart leaders in lightning flashes Vernon Cooraya,?, Marley Becerra a,1 , Vladimir Rakov b a Division for Electricity and Lightning Research, A°ngstro¨m Laboratory Keywords: Lightning Energy Electric field Dart leaders Electrical discharges X-rays a b s t r a c

Florida, University of

192

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 40, 14, doi:10.1002/grl.50466, 2013 Simultaneous observations of optical lightning and terrestrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optical lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flash from space N. ?stgaard,1,2 T. Gjesteland,1,2 B. E from space of a terrestrial gamma ray flash (TGF) and the optical signal from lightning. By fortuitous, TGF, and optical emissions in an IC lightning flash has been identified. Citation: ?stgaard, N., T

Cummer, Steven A.

193

Observed electric fields associated with lightning initiation T. C. Marshall, M. Stolzenburg, C. R. Maggio, and L. M. Coleman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(E) measurements and inferred lightning initiation locations of three cloud-to-ground flashes), might initiate a lightning flash. The mean energy of runaway electrons is 7 MeV [Babich et al., 2004 that runaway breakdown might be initiating some lightning flashes. In two soundings, the balloon instruments

Thomas, Ronald J.

194

156 JEEE TRANSACTiONS ON ELECTROMAGNETICCOMPATIBILITY, VOL. 38, NO 2, MAY 1996 ursts of Pulses in Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Lightning magnetic Radiation: Observations and lications for Lightning Test Standards Vladimir A. Rakov field peaks in the same flash. In both cloud and ground discharges,there is a tendency for the bursts similarity to the "multiple burst" (component H ) of the standard lightning environmentfor the design

Florida, University of

195

Radar Nowcasting of Total Lightning over the Kennedy Space Center GREGORY N. SEROKA,* RICHARD E. ORVILLE, AND COURTNEY SCHUMACHER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and grouped intracloud (IC) flash data from the KSC Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) I and II networks for IC flashes to occur. In addition, VII at lightning initiation (both CG and IC) was higher than and predict the weather. From 1959 to 1991, lightning ranked second only to river and flash floods in weather

196

Actinide Burning in CANDU Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Actinide burning in CANDU reactors has been studied as a method of reducing the actinide content of spent nuclear fuel from light water reactors, and thereby decreasing the associated long term decay heat load. In this work simulations were performed of actinides mixed with natural uranium to form a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel, and also mixed with silicon carbide to form an inert matrix (IMF) fuel. Both of these fuels were taken to a higher burnup than has previously been studied. The total transuranic element destruction calculated was 40% for the MOX fuel and 71% for the IMF. (authors)

Hyland, B.; Dyck, G.R. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A ground level gamma-ray burst observed in association with rocket-triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ground level gamma-ray burst observed in association with rocket-triggered lightning J. R. Dwyer 2004; published 13 March 2004. [1] We report the observation of an intense gamma-ray burst observed lightning channel with gamma-ray energies extending up to more than 10 MeV. The burst consisted of 227

Florida, University of

198

Lightning sferics and stroke-delayed pulses measured in the stratosphere: Implications for mesospheric currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning sferics and stroke-delayed pulses measured in the stratosphere: Implications-to-ground (CG) lightning strokes at horizontal distances of 75­600 km were measured at altitudes of 30­35 km. Electric field changes were measured for each of the 2467 CG strokes detected by the Brazilian Integrated

Thomas, Jeremy N.

199

Physically Based Animation and Rendering of Lightning Theodore Kim Ming C. Lin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://gamma.cs.unc.edu/LIGHTNING Abstract We present a physically-based method for animating and rendering lightning and other electric arcs formation. We then extend the model to animate a sustained, `dancing' electrical arc, by using a simplified- lation of the simulation patterns. 1. Introduction The forked tendrils of electrical discharge have

California at Santa Barbara, University of

200

Measurements and implications of the relationship between lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements and implications of the relationship between lightning and terrestrial gamma ray flashes Steven A. Cummer,1 Yuhu Zhai,1 Wenyi Hu,1 David M. Smith,2,3 Liliana I. Lopez,4,5 and Mark A. [1] We report observations and analysis of 30 kHz radio emissions (sferics) from lightning discharges

Cummer, Steven A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Source altitudes of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes produced by lightning leaders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source altitudes of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes produced by lightning leaders Wei Xu,1 Sebastien. Pasko (2012), Source altitudes of terres- trial gamma-ray flashes produced by lightning leaders, Geophys; published 18 April 2012. [1] Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are energetic photon bursts observed from

Pasko, Victor

202

Geolocation of terrestrial gamma-ray flash source lightning M. B. Cohen,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geolocation of terrestrial gamma-ray flash source lightning M. B. Cohen,1 U. S. Inan,1,2 R. K. Said-ray flash source lightning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L02801, doi:10.1029/ 2009GL041753. 1. Introduction [2; published 22 January 2010. [1] Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are impulsive ($1 ms) but intense

Bergen, Universitetet i

203

Some inferences on the role of lower positive charge region in facilitating different types of lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lightning Amitabh Nag1 and Vladimir A. Rakov1 Received 24 November 2008; revised 22 January 2009; accepted 3'' the potential cloud-to-ground flash to an intracloud (or cloud-to-air) one. Assuming that the preliminary with the lower positive charge region, we qualitatively examine the inferred dependence of lightning type

Florida, University of

204

The Relationship of Lightning to Surface Convergence at Kennedy Space Center: A Preliminary Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning is a significant meteorological problem at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Of particular importance is the growth of lightning-bearing clouds in the vicinity of KSC, for which warnings must be considered on a daily ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ral E. Lpez; Ronald L. Holle; John R. Daugherty

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Lightning strikes to tall objects: Currents inferred from far electromagnetic fields versus directly measured currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-field-to-current conversion factors for lightning strikes to tall objects for (1) the initial peak current at the object top. These far-field-to-current conversion factors are needed for proper interpretation of peak currents reported-field-to-current conversion factor for lightning strikes to flat ground based on the transmission line model and (b

Florida, University of

206

The VLF fingerprint of elves: Step-like and long-recovery early VLF perturbations caused by powerful CG lightning EM pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a causative cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flash, thus the term "early" signifies a direct lightning effect the initial causative CG flash [Haldoupis et al., 2006]. Early events are distinct from "lightning by powerful ±CG lightning EM pulses Christos Haldoupis,1 Morris Cohen,2 Enrico Arnone,3 Benjamin Cotts,4

207

Excision and Skin Grafting of Thermal Burns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...such as loss of hand function or facial deformity. There are often psychological sequelae in burned patients, including post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Pathophysiology and the Effect of Therapy. The pathophysiology of thermal injury is related to the initial distribution of heat within... A 45-year-old man presents with extensive burns after a house fire. Excision and grafting are recommended for management of his burns. Depending on the depth and extent of the burn, early excision and grafting promote wound healing, reduce the risk of infection, and shorten hospitalization but increase the need for blood transfusion, as compared with conservative management.

Orgill D.P.

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Pollution by cereal waste burning in Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the amount of cereal waste burned in Spain, which represents the most important source of biomass burning in this country, is estimated. During the period between 1980 and 1998, an average mass of 8 Tg of cereal waste was burned annually, with remaining 1 Tg of ash on the cereal fields after combustion. By using emission factors previously calculated by Ortiz de Zrate et al. [Ortiz de Zrate, I., Ezcurra, A., Lacaux, J.P., Van Dihn, P., 2000. Emission factor estimates of cereal waste burning in Spain. Atmos. Environ. 34, 31833193.], it is deduced that pollutant emissions linked to cereal waste-burning process reach values of 11 Tg CO2, 80 Gg of TPM and 23 Gg of \\{NOx\\} year?1 during the cereal-burning period. These emissions represent 46% of total CO2 and 23% \\{NOx\\} emitted in Spain during the burning period that lasts 1 month after harvesting. Therefore, the relative importance of cereal waste burning as pollutant source in Spain almost during fire period becomes evident. Finally, our study allows to deduce that the production of 1 kg of cereal crop implies that 410 g of carbon and 3.3 g of nitrogen are going to be introduced into the atmosphere by this pollutant process. We estimate a total gaseous emission of 3.3 Tg of C and 25 Gg N as different pollutants by cereal waste burning.

I. Ortiz de Zrate; A. Ezcurra; J.P. Lacaux; P. Van Dinh; J. Daz de Argandoa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Burn site groundwater interim measures work plan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Work Plan identifies and outlines interim measures to address nitrate contamination in groundwater at the Burn Site, Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico. The New Mexico Environment Department has required implementation of interim measures for nitrate-contaminated groundwater at the Burn Site. The purpose of interim measures is to prevent human or environmental exposure to nitrate-contaminated groundwater originating from the Burn Site. This Work Plan details a summary of current information about the Burn Site, interim measures activities for stabilization, and project management responsibilities to accomplish this purpose.

Witt, Jonathan L. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID); Hall, Kevin A. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Uniform-burning matrix burner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Computer simulation was used in the development of an inward-burning, radial matrix gas burner and heat pipe heat exchanger. The burner and exchanger can be used to heat a Stirling engine on cloudy days when a solar dish, the normal source of heat, cannot be used. Geometrical requirements of the application forced the use of the inward burning approach, which presents difficulty in achieving a good flow distribution and air/fuel mixing. The present invention solved the problem by providing a plenum with just the right properties, which include good flow distribution and good air/fuel mixing with minimum residence time. CFD simulations were also used to help design the primary heat exchanger needed for this application which includes a plurality of pins emanating from the heat pipe. The system uses multiple inlet ports, an extended distance from the fuel inlet to the burner matrix, flow divider vanes, and a ring-shaped, porous grid to obtain a high-temperature uniform-heat radial burner. Ideal applications include dish/Stirling engines, steam reforming of hydrocarbons, glass working, and any process requiring high temperature heating of the outside surface of a cylindrical surface.

Bohn, Mark S. (Golden, CO); Anselmo, Mark (Arvada, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Lightning Dock, Animas Valley, New Mexico geothermal area was discovered when a rancher found boiling water while drilling a shallow stock tank welt (Elston, Deal, et. al, 1983). There are no surface manifestations of present or past geothermal activity in the Animas Valley. Norman and Bernhart (1982) analyzed the gases in the discovery well and 15 stock tank wells nearby (Figure 1).

212

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Gradient Holes Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The two gradient holes were sited on federal geothermal leases owned by Lightning Dock Geothermal, Inc. and both were drilled into lakebed sediments some distance from the intense shallow geothermal anomaly located in the eastern half of Section 7, Township 25 South, Range 19 West. References Roy A. Cunniff, Roger L. Bowers (2005) Final Technical Report, Geothermal Resource Evaluation And Definitioni (Gred) Program-Phases I, Ii, And Iii For The Animas Valley, Nm Geothermal Resource Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thermal_Gradient_Holes_At_Lightning_Dock_Area_(Cunniff_%26_Bowers,_2005)&oldid=387460"

213

Update Direct-Strike Lightning Environment for Stockpile-to-Target Sequence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Florida has surveyed all relevant publications reporting lightning characteristics and presents here an up-to-date version of the direct-strike lightning environment specifications for nuclear weapons published in 1989 by R. J. Fisher and M. A. Uman. Further, we present functional expressions for current vs. time, current derivative vs. time, second current derivative vs. time, charge transfer vs. time, and action integral (specific energy) vs. time for first return strokes, for subsequent return strokes, and for continuing currents; and we give sets of constants for these expressions so that they yield approximately the median and extreme negative lightning parameters presented in this report. Expressions for the median negative lightning waveforms are plotted. Finally, we provide information on direct-strike lightning damage to metals such as stainless steel, which could be used as components of storage containers for nuclear waste materials; and we describe UF's new experimental research program to add to the sparse data base on the properties of positive lightning. Our literature survey, referred to above, is included in four Appendices. The following four sections (II, III, IV, and V) of this final report deal with related aspects of the research: Section II. Recommended Direct-Strike Median and Extreme Parameters; Section III. Time-Domain Waveforms for First Strokes, Subsequent Strokes, and Continuing Currents; Section IV. Damage to Metal Surfaces by Lightning Currents; and Section V. Measurement of the Characteristics of Positive Lightning. Results of the literature search used to derive the material in Section II and Section IV are found in the Appendices: Appendix 1. Return Stroke Current, Appendix 2. Continuing Current, Appendix 3. Positive Lightning, and Appendix 4. Lightning Damage to Metal Surfaces.

Uman, M A; Rakov, V A; Elisme, J O; Jordan, D M; Biagi, C J; Hill, J D

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

PHYSICS OF BURNING PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS OF BURNING PLASMAS: PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO PRESENT FACILITIES FIRE Physics Workshop May 2000 F. Perkins and N. Sauthoff Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory FIRE Workshop 1 May 2000 #12;OUTLINE · Introduction · Three Classes of Burning Plasma Physics inaccessable to contemporary tokamak

215

Philadelphians protest ocean burning of waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Philadelphians protest ocean burning of waste ... A raucous, hostile crowd of Philadelphia residents shouted down Environmental Protection Agency officials last week at a public hearing on the agency's tentative decision to issue a research permit for an ocean burn of chemical wastes. ...

1986-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Energy Institute Live Green, Burn Clean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combustion in a Cummins ISB 5.9L MY2000 turbodiesel engine Sources of the "Biodiesel NOx" effect Fuel quality turbodiesel engine Sources of the "Biodiesel NOx" effect Fuel quality issues and blending level question: B2The Energy Institute Live Green, Burn Clean: Advancing Engines for Renewable Fuels Live Green, Burn

Lee, Dongwon

217

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest Thinnings to Energy Using BioMax in Southern Oregon E a small-scale (100-kW) BioMax without a subsidy or tax credit, even if fuel were delivered to the plant; Christensen, Glenn. 2005. Fuel to burn: Economics of converting forest thinnings to energy using Bio

Fried, Jeremy S.

218

Arc Energy Estimations: Applications in Lightning-Induced Concrete Spall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After lightning contacts a building, the possibility of a physical break in its conductive path to ground may exist. Given such a break, an electric field may develop across the gap until it exceeds the breakdown strength of the non-conducting, or dielectric, material. Breakdown subsequently occurs and energy is dissipated during the development of an arc channel. If the dielectric is concrete, a concern exists that the energy available for arc formation may be capable of launching pieces of spall into sensitive equipment. This paper discusses the mechanisms of energy dissipation in arc formation and quantifies the energy available for concrete spall.

Tully, L K; Ong, M M

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions Characterized particulate emissions from U.S.-legal...

220

Reduction in biomass burning aerosol light absorption upon humidificat...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in biomass burning aerosol light absorption upon humidification: Roles of inorganically-induced hygroscopicity, Reduction in biomass burning aerosol light absorption upon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Army urged to resume burning chemical arms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Army urged to resume burning chemical arms ... Under baseline, the weapon is disassembled into four componentsthe chemical agent, energetic materials, metal parts, and dunnage (waste)with each incinerated separately. ...

1994-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

222

Wood-Burning Heating System Deduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute allows individual taxpayers a deduction for the purchase and installation of a wood-burning heating system. The deduction is equal to the total cost of purchase and installation for...

223

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown References David I. Norman, Joseph Moore (2004) Gas Analysis Of Geothermal Fluid Inclusions- A New Technology For Geothermal Exploration Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Surface_Gas_Sampling_At_Lightning_Dock_Area_(Norman_%26_Moore,_2004)&oldid=689367"

224

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two electrical resistivity survey lines were run in the project area: a southern east-west line along Caliche Road, and a northern east-west line in the south half Section 6, T25S, R19W (figure 5). The Caliche Road line is located south of the greenhouse complex and was run along the road, which was also used for a gravity traverse. The northern line, named

225

Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Flow Test Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes After the Welaco temperature survey was completed for TG52-7, preparations were completed for a controlled airlift test. This test was completed in the period from 19-20 September 2003 for some 23 hours. The well produced steady state flow of about 320-325 gpm at a wellhead temperature of 126.7degrees C (260degreesF). This production rate is equivalent to about 162,000 pounds per hour, with the production temperature producing usable

226

Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two electrical resistivity survey lines were run in the project area: a southern east-west line along Caliche Road, and a northern east-west line in the south half Section 6, T25S, R19W (figure 5). The Caliche Road line is located south of the greenhouse complex and was run along the road, which was also used for a gravity traverse. The northern line, named "Church Road,"+K846 was parallel to the east-west road and gravity

227

Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Observation Wells Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The awardee conducted seismic, gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys, drilled temperature-gradient wells, and selected a location for a test well (52-7). The test well was drilled to a total depth of 770 m during 2003. Maximum temperatures approached 140degrees C and a short flow test suggested that a production well could be drilled to 600 m and produce economic volumes of 130-140degrees C fluid. A final assessment of the

228

Characteristics of cloud-to-ground lightning associated with violent tornado-producing supercells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning patterns were analyzed to identify relationships to tomadogenesis in 42 different violent-tornado producing supercells that occurred between January 1989 and November 1992. A relationship between five-minute CG flash...

Perez, Antony Hernan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Environmental control of cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in severe storms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn...

Buffalo, Kurt Matthew

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

A lightning summary and decision model for thunderstorm prediction at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with other meteorological considerations. A preferred track for springtime thunderstorms was located between the base and the Ozark Mountains. No preferred track was found during the other seasons. Although diurnal distributions of lightning flashes showed...

Bass, Randall Gerald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes of Hanford high level waste tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of a lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike deposition sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

Zach, J.J.

1996-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

232

Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes to Hanford site high-level waste tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike depositing sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

Zach, J.J.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Environmental Control of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Polarity in Severe Storms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Kurt M. Buffalo

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Gas Flux Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Gas Flux Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Gas Flux Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Based on all of the data, McLin concluded that there was little to no correlation between values for CO2 flux and known or postulated faults, and between the CO2 flux and the shallow thermal anomaly. Instead, the flux values appeared to depict a completely random pattern throughout the study area. Notably, absolute values for CO2 flux were elevated throughout the surveyed areas (McLin, 2004). A possible explanation not considered by

235

Assessment and analysis of indirect lightning performance of overhead lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents an efficient method for the assessment of the indirect lightning performance of overhead power lines and analyses the influence of some relevant parameters on the flashover rate. The method is based on a formula to calculate the peak value of lightning-induced voltages in overhead lines over a lossy ground, which considers the front-time of the channel-base current. The results of the method are validated by comparison with results available in the literature. The method is then used to investigate the effect of subsequent strokes on the line flashover rate, leading to the conclusion that their contribution is negligible, as long as no correlation is assumed between front-time and peak value of the strokes (first and subsequent). In the following, the method is used to analyze the influence of some parameters on the lightning performance of overhead lines. The results show that the stroke current front-time influence decreases as the soil resistivity increases, and that a higher front-time leads to a lower flashover rate. It is shown that the use of a fixed front-time T=5.63?s for the first strokes leads to results that match well the results obtained from Cigrs front-time probabilistic distribution. Regarding the return stroke velocity, the results show that, for soils with resistivity higher than 100?m, the flashover rate increases as the return stroke velocity increases. The results also show that a relative velocity vr=0.4 leads to flashover rates that match well the results obtained considering some correlations between return stroke velocity and peak current proposed in the literature. The influence of the correlation between current peak value and front-time for first strokes is also analyzed and it is shown that the correlation reduces the flashover rate. It is also shown that considering this correlation for first strokes and not for subsequent strokes increases the contribution of the latter to the flashover rate, especially for good conducting soils.

J.O.S. Paulino; C.F. Barbosa; I.J.S. Lopes; W.C. Boaventura

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Global observations of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global observations of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols Martin de Graaf KNMI #12; Outline · Absorbing Aerosol Index - Theory · Absorbing Aerosol Index - Reality · Biomass burning.6 Biomass burning over Angola, 09 Sep. 2004 Absorbing Aerosol Index PMD image #12;biomass burning ocean

Graaf, Martin de

237

Lightning Dock I Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

I Geothermal Project I Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Lightning Dock I Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 32.346944444444°, -108.70722222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346944444444,"lon":-108.70722222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

Exploration of the meteorological characteristics leading to the rapid cessation of cloud-to-ground lightning in winter cyclones along the East Coast of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intense winter East Coast cyclones are capable of producing large amounts of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning. Few studies have thoroughly investigated winter lightning in the eastern United States. A phenomena common to most of these storms is a...

Demetriades, Nicholas William Snow

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Numerical Simulations of Lightning and Storm Charge of the 2930 May 2004 Geary, Oklahoma, Supercell Thunderstorm Using EnKF Mobile Radar Data Assimilation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from simulations are compared with dual-Doppler and total lightning observations of the 2930 May 2004 high-precipitation supercell storm from the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment (TELEX). The simulations use two-...

Kristin M. Calhoun; Edward R. Mansell; Donald R. MacGorman; David C. Dowell

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Treatment of a severe alkali burn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The case history of a 20-year-old male patient who sustained an 85 per cent total body surface area alkali burn to his skin, after falling into a caustic lime pit, is reported. Considerable problems regarding the correct estimate of burn wound depth, predominant location of the deepest burn on the posterior half of the body, appropriate wound coverage, and lack of sufficient skin graft donor sites required a complex treatment plan. Excisions to fascia and intradermal debridement were required to achieve an appropriate bed for wound closure. Five per cent mafenide acetate solution (Sulfamylon) was applied to prevent burn wound sepsis. Human allografts and Biobrane were used extensively to achieve temporary wound closure, to provide mechanical protection of freshly autografted wounds, and to prevent desiccation following application of cultured epidermal autografts on to debrided wounds and split thickness skin grafted donor sites. The case illustrates a number of problems associated with the evaluation and treatment of patients suffering severe alkali burns, and demonstrates the implementation of both established and evolving technologies in the management of these injuries.

D. Erdmann; J. Hussmann; J.O. Kucan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cloud Services Cloud Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Services Cloud Services In 2012 UCD IT Services launched an exciting new set of cloud solutions called CloudEdu, which includes cloud servers, cloud storage, cloud hosting and cloud network. The CloudEdu package includes a consultancy service in design, deployment, management and utilisation

242

Paradigm Shift: Burning Coal to Geothermal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Paradigm Shift: Burning Coal Paradigm Shift: Burning Coal to Geothermal" November 20, 2012 jlowe@bsu.edu 765.285.2805 Ball State University Ball State University Administration Building 1899 Ball State 1920s Ball State University Ball State University (4) Coal Fired Boilers Installed 1941/1955 (3) Natural Gas Fired Boilers Installed in the 1970s Heat and Chilled Water Plant Operations Heat Plant: 4 Coal Fired Boilers 3 Natural Gas Fired Boilers 320,000 Lbs/Hr nameplate 240,000 Lbs/Hr current 700,000,000 Lbs/Year Chilled Water Plant: 5 Electrical Centrifugal Chillers 9,300 ton capacity 25,000,000 Ton Hours/Year Pollutants Produced from Burning 36,000 tons of Coal * Carbon Dioxide 85,000 tons (Global Warming)

243

USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 883 Creating and Maintaining Wildlife, Insect,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 883 Creating and Maintaining Wildlife. Creating Wildlife Habitat Structures in Snags, Logs, and Stumps In forested ecosystems, habitat diversity with dead sections) that have been killed or altered by disease, lightning strikes, and wind. Each snag

Standiford, Richard B.

244

Generated using version 3.2 of the official AMS LATEX template The Impact of Lightning Data Assimilation on Deterministic and1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forecasts. Today, radar reflectivity and short-range23 lightning flash rate observations are assimilatedGenerated using version 3.2 of the official AMS LATEX template The Impact of Lightning Data, Seattle, WA 98195-1640. E-mail: kendixon@atmos.washington.edu 1 #12;ABSTRACT4 A lightning data

Mass, Clifford F.

245

Library Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services Library Services The Research Library provides many services to LANL employees. We also offer limited services to members of the public. The Research Library is open to...

246

Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions inventories for agricultural burning using satellite observations of active fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulation of agricultural waste burning occurs at multipleexample, agricultural waste burning is managed by individualalso take agricultural waste- burning emissions into

Lin, Hsiao-Wen; Jin, Yufang; Giglio, Louis; Foley, Jonathan A; Randerson, James T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Do biomass burning aerosols intensify drought in equatorial Asia during El Nio?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fication of drought-induced biomass burning in Indonesiavariability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 toChemistry and Physics Do biomass burning aerosols intensify

Tosca, M. G; Randerson, J. T; Zender, C. S; Flanner, M. G; Rasch, P. J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Biomass burning contribution to black carbon in the Western United States Mountain Ranges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the atmosphere from biomass burning, Climatic Change, 2,Chemistry and Physics Biomass burning contribution to black2011 Y. H. Mao et al. : Biomass burning contribution to

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Biomass burning and urban air pollution over the Central Mexican Plateau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. D. Crounse et al. : Biomass burning pollution overChemistry and Physics Biomass burning and urban airprimary anthropogenic and biomass burning organic aerosols

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 471 New Insights Into Lightning Return-Stroke Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Into Lightning Return-Stroke Models With Specified Longitudinal Current Distribution Grzegorz Maslowski, Member, IEEE, and Vladimir A. Rakov, Fellow, IEEE (Invited Paper) Abstract--We show that any lightning return-stroke-current-source-type) models, it is also unipolar but directed into the channel core. The conversion between LCS and DCS return-stroke

Florida, University of

251

1D+4D-VAR data assimilation of lightning with WRFDA system using nonlinear observation operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1D+4D-VAR data assimilation of lightning with WRFDA system using nonlinear observation operators of assimilating data from the Earth Networks Total Lightning Network (ENTLN) during two cases of severe weather Mapper (GLM). We use the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model and variational data assimilation

Navon, Michael

252

ASSESSMENTOF BURNING-PLASMA PHENOMENA COMPACTIGNITION TOKAMAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report+ on ASSESSMENTOF BURNING-PLASMA PHENOMENA . in a COMPACTIGNITION TOKAMAK presented-coil tokamak configurations that would achieve ignition under presently accepted scaling laws. Studies the extent to which these compact tokamak ignition experiments can resolve the technical issue of under

253

First Sustained Burning Plasma. Starts in 2019.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-T fusion power density is approximated by: Plasma pressure in atmospheres We need >1MWm-3 for an economic system -- need a few Atmospheres of plasma pressure. Can we hold it with a magnetic field? MagneticITER JET (to scale) JET (to scale) First Sustained Burning Plasma. Starts in 2019. BASIC PARAMETERS

254

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health Kees Kolff, MD, MPH April 21, 2012 #12;OUR TRUCKS OF BIOMASS/ DAY (Currently 82) #12;BAD FOR THE ECONOMY · Taxpayers will pay 50% - tax credits, etc · Not a cogen project so only 25% efficient · Biomass better for biofuels, not electricity · MILL JOBS

255

U S Burning Plasma Organization:U.S. Burning Plasma Organization: Supporting US Scientific Contributions to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community (TTF,...) US Technology Community · USBPO mission is to coordinate US Burning Plasma related research to advance science USBPO Director, Jim Van Dam, also serves as US IPO Chief Scientist, assuring

256

Protection characteristics of a Faraday cage compromised by lightning burnthrough.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A lightning flash consists of multiple, high-amplitude but short duration return strokes. Between the return strokes is a lower amplitude, continuing current which flows for longer duration. If the walls of a Faraday cage are made of thin enough metal, the continuing current can melt a hole through the metal in a process called burnthrough. A subsequent return stroke can couple energy through this newly-formed hole. This LDRD is a study of the protection provided by a Faraday cage when it has been compromised by burnthrough. We initially repeated some previous experiments and expanded on them in terms of scope and diagnostics to form a knowledge baseline of the coupling phenomena. We then used a combination of experiment, analysis and numerical modeling to study four coupling mechanisms: indirect electric field coupling, indirect magnetic field coupling, conduction through plasma and breakdown through the hole. We discovered voltages higher than those encountered in the previous set of experiments (on the order of several hundreds of volts).

Warne, Larry Kevin; Bystrom, Edward; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Montoya, Sandra L.; Merewether, Kimball O.; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Martinez, Leonard E.; Jojola, John M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

University Services Management Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system U Services Finance organized a workforce planning process resulting in a team with better capacity > 3 Primary Services Human Resources Workforce Planning Recruitment and Selection Employee and Labor, and strategic planning efforts. In addition to supporting the University Services enterprise, the Management

Webb, Peter

258

Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Ion Dispersion Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Thermal Ion Dispersion (TID) is a method used by the precious-metals industry to determine the movement of hot, mineral-bearing waters through rocks, gravels, and soils. The survey involves collection of soil samples

259

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles

260

Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2002) 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Water-Gas Samples Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Lightning Dock, Animas Valley, New Mexico geothermal area was discovered when a rancher found boiling water while drilling a shallow stock tank welt (Elston, Deal, et. al, 1983). There are no surface manifestations of present or past geothermal activity in the Animas Valley. Norman and Bernhart (1982) analyzed the gases in the discovery well and 15 stock tank wells nearby (Figure 1). References David Norman, Nigel Blarney, Lynne Kurilovitch (2002) New

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two separate gravity surveys were conducted by LDG as part of this GRED Cooperative Agreement. The first survey was conducted in April 2001 and consisted of 77 stations in the north half of Section 7 and south half of Section 6, both sections being in Township 25 South, Range 19 West. A second and much larger survey was conducted in October 2001. This survey consisted of 227 new stations in nine linear traverses that covered more than one hundred (100) square kilometers centered on the known resource area in Section 7 (figure 3).

262

A simple approach to improve lightning performance of an uprated substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple method to minimize lightning surges entering an uprated or compact substation. A severe lightning stress is caused by a backflashover in close proximity to the substation. Feasibility of uprating is based on the surge arrester technology available at present. However, some aspects of line design offer opportunities in reducing frequency and severity of lightning surges imposed on the substation. The tower surge response adds an inductive overshoot only during the front of the stroke which reduces considerably during the tail. If backflashover does not occur before reflections from adjacent towers arrive, it is unlikely to occur at all. Use of guys and underbuilt ground wires in the limiting distance will produce reflections with larger magnitude and reduce the effective surge impedance of the tower. This would not only reduce backflashover frequency but will also minimize crest and duration of surges entering the substation.

Harrington, R.J.; Mueen, M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science] [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Gradient Holes Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The awardee conducted seismic, gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys, drilled temperature-gradient wells, and selected a location for a test well (52-7). The test well was drilled to a total depth of 770 m during 2003. Maximum temperatures approached 140degrees C and a short flow test suggested that a production well could be drilled to 600 m and produce economic volumes of 130-140degrees C fluid. A final assessment of the resource is currently being performed. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J.

264

Stepout-Deepening Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Well Deepening At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Well Deepening At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Well Deepening Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The objective of this project is to access, test, and confirm the deeper resource by deepening an existing shallow well at the site to penetrate the deep reservoir. AmeriCulture deepened the existing well (EGS-1) in 2003 by coring from 277 m to 640 m, essentially through the entire Tertiary volcanic interval. The maximum recorded temperature after stabilization was about 115degrees C. Evaluation of the well productivity will occur in 2004. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects

265

EPA aide wary about burning waste at sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EPA aide wary about burning waste at sea ... An Environmental Protection Agency official has cautioned that a proposal by Chemical Waste Management (CWM) to perform a research burn of chemical wastes at sea should be permitted only if stringent conditions are met. ... During 19 days of burns, EPA would conduct research to determine the incinerator emissions' composition, transport, and effect on marine life. ...

1986-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

266

Plasma Materials Interaction Issues For Burning Plasma Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma Materials Interaction Issues For Burning Plasma Experiments M. Ulrickson Presented · Introduction to Burning Plasmas · Plasma Materials Interaction Phenomena · Materials Issues · Summary #12;MAU 4 ­ Resistance to neutron damage #12;MAU 5 11/15/2001 The FIRE Burning Plasma Device · A compact high field

267

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

Boyer, Edmond

268

NSLS Services | Postal Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Postal Services Postal Services U.S. Postal Service BNL has a full-service U.S. Postal Service Office (Upton branch) located in Staff Services, Building 179, x2539. BNL Mail Service Mail is delivered and picked up twice a day from each building on site. Users should leave internal lab mail (brown envelopes, no stamps needed) and U.S. Mail (regular envelopes, stamps required) in the outgoing mail boxes at NSLS mail stop 725A, located in the lobby by the elevator. Receiving Mail During regular working hours, packages and other special deliveries are brought to the Stockroom while regular mail is taken to the mailstops around the building. Each beam port is assigned a mail slot at NSLS mail stop 725A near the elevator in the lobby. The beamline number should be on all mail addressed to users. Mail to users should be addressed as follows

269

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Et Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a

270

Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2) 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Aeromagnetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a comprehensive integrated geothermal model. From all of this information,

271

On presentation of lightning flash in thundercloud as collective spontaneous radiation (superradiation) pulse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we conjecture that some specific properties of an electroactive region of thunderclouds play the major role in an initiation of a lightning flash. The electroactive region is modeled here as a quantum two-level system of oxygen molecules which are assumed to have two (ground and excited) states, where transitions from ground to excited states come as a result of micro-discharges between ice particles. In this case lightning flash corresponds to the pulse of collective spontaneous radiation caused by the deexcitations of excited oxygen molecules from metastable state into ground state.

Scherbin, M D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Rocket-triggered lightning test of an earth-covered munitions storage bunker  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the summer of 1991, nine negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes, comprising a total of 38 individual return strokes, were triggered to designated attachment points on a munitions storage bunker. Measurements were simultaneously made of the incident flash currents, both return-stroke and continuing current components, and of response at 24 test points located throughout the bunker. The recorded responses included currents, voltages, and electric and magnetic fields throughout the structure and its lightning protection system. The maximum responses observed at each test point, as directly measured and a linearly scaled to median and severe return-stroke incident current amplitudes, are presented and discussed. 8 refs.

Schnetzer, G.H.; Fisher, R.J.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2) 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a

274

Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Aeromagnetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In October 2001, TerraCon, Inc. (2001) of Arlington, Texas conducted the highresolution aeromagnetic survey that was designed to explore the known, shallow geothermal resource and surrounding area. Shallow-subsurface Tertiary volcanic rocks were used as a magnetic basis for mapping structures References Roy A. Cunniff, Roger L. Bowers (2005) Final Technical Report, Geothermal Resource Evaluation And Definitioni (Gred) Program-Phases I, Ii,

275

Physical and Chemical Characterization of Particulate and Gas phase Emissions from Biomass Burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the pile as waste. Waste burning is not permitted in manyagricultural residue/waste burning, residential wood

Hosseini, Seyedehsan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Impact of Trash Burning on Air Quality in Mexico City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

designed to simulate waste generated by a "recycling" and a "nonrecycling" family in a 208-L (55-gal) burn barrel at the EPA's Open Burning Test Facility. ... Four test burns were made in which the amt. of waste placed in the barrel varied from 6.4 to 13.6 kg and the amt. ... The results of this study indicate that backyard burning emits more PCDDs/PCDFs on a mass of refuse burned basis than various types of municipal waste combustors (MWCs). ...

A. Hodzic; C. Wiedinmyer; D. Salcedo; J. L. Jimenez

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

277

Lightning arrestor connector lead magnesium niobate qualification pellet test procedures.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enhanced knowledge preservation for DOE DP technical component activities has recently received much attention. As part of this recent knowledge preservation effort, improved documentation of the sample preparation and electrical testing procedures for lead magnesium niobate--lead titanate (PMN/PT) qualification pellets was completed. The qualification pellets are fabricated from the same parent powders used to produce PMN/PT lightning arrestor connector (LAC) granules at HWF&T. In our report, the procedures for fired pellet surface preparation, electrode deposition, electrical testing and data recording are described. The dielectric measurements described in our report are an information only test. Technical reasons for selecting the electrode material, electrode size and geometry are presented. The electrical testing is based on measuring the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of the pellet during cooling from 280 C to 220 C. The most important data are the temperature for which the peak dielectric constant occurs (Curie Point temperature) and the peak dielectric constant magnitude. We determined that the peak dielectric constant for our procedure would be that measured at 1 kHz at the Curie Point. Both the peak dielectric constant and the Curie point parameters provide semi-quantitative information concerning the chemical and microstructural homogeneity of the parent material used for the production of PMN/PT granules for LACs. Finally, we have proposed flag limits for the dielectric data for the pellets. Specifically, if the temperature of the peak dielectric constant falls outside the range of 250 C {+-} 30 C we propose that a flag limit be imposed that will initiate communication between production agency and design agency personnel. If the peak dielectric constant measured falls outside the range 25,000 {+-} 10,000 we also propose that a flag limit be imposed.

Tuohig, W. (Honeywell FM& T, Kansas City, MO); Mahoney, Patrick A.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew; Wheeler, Jill Susanne

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Dibenzofurans and Polychlorinated Biphenyls from Uncontrolled Burning of Garden and Domestic Waste (Backyard Burning)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Straw and plastic (polyethylene) film used for wrapping silage were included, since burnings of these wastes on agricultural fields is considered to be one of the most common types of uncontrolled waste combustions in Sweden. ... To obtain fundamental information on dioxin emissions from an open burning 8 wastes which were likely amenable to be burnt wildly or suspected to generate high levels of dioxins were subjected to an open burning simulation in a special adapted furnace. ... designed to simulate waste generated by a "recycling" and a "nonrecycling" family in a 208-L (55-gal) burn barrel at the EPA's Open Burning Test Facility. ...

Bjrn Hedman; Morgan Nslund; Calle Nilsson; Stellan Marklund

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

279

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in burning and non-burning coal waste piles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coal waste material that results from Douro Coalfield exploitation was analyzed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GCMS) for the identification and quantification of the 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), defined as priority pollutants. It is expected that the organic fraction of the coal waste material contains \\{PAHs\\} from petrogenic origin, and also from pyrolytic origin in burning coal waste piles. The results demonstrate some similarity in the studied samples, being phenanthrene the most abundant PAH followed by fluoranthene and pyrene. A petrogenic contribution of \\{PAHs\\} in unburned samples and a mixture of \\{PAHs\\} from petrogenic and pyrolytic sources in the burning/burnt samples were identified. The lowest values of the sum of the 16 priority \\{PAHs\\} found in burning/burnt samples and the depletion LMW \\{PAHs\\} and greater abundance of HMW \\{PAHs\\} from the unburned coal waste material relatively to the burning/burnt material demonstrate the thermal transformation attributed to the burning process. The potential environmental impact associated with the coal waste piles are related with the release of petrogenic and pyrolytic \\{PAHs\\} in particulate and gaseous forms to soils, sediments, groundwater, surface water, and biodiversity.

Joana Ribeiro; Tais Silva; Joao Graciano Mendonca Filho; Deolinda Flores

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Recently reported sightings of ball lightning: observations collected by correspondence and Russian and Ukrainian sightings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Lightning strike near nose of aircraft Jim Mills (commercial airline pilot, Alaska Airlines...after a thunderstorm. It was sunny, no wind, rather hot--about 30 C. During the...with a rain shower. There was a strong wind with air temperature 2223 C. My grandmother...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic of Schumann resonances (SR). Comparison of the results derived from our FDTD model and the previous studies by other authors on related subjects shows that Schumann resonance is a good probe to indicate the seasonal

Pasko, Victor

282

A MODIFIED TRANSMISSION LINE MODEL FOR LIGHTNING RETURN STROKE FIELD CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 229 - 44Hl A MODIFIED TRANSMISSION LINE MODEL FOR LIGHTNING RETURN STROKE FIELD CALCULATIONS V. The modifications considered differ from each other by the height dependent attenuation factor for the return stroke data available. Some problems with modeling of the early and late stages of the return stroke process

Florida, University of

283

Lightning-induced remanent magnetizationthe Vredefort impact structure, South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......bolt of positive lightning carries an electric current of about 10 times (300kA) the...through the plasma channel of the flashover arc. The plasma channels form along the surface...Flowers J.W. The channel of the spark discharge. Phys. Rev. (1943) 64:225-235......

Johanna Salminen; Lauri J. Pesonen; Kari Lahti; Kari Kannus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Observation of cloud-to-ground lightning channels with high-speed video camera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between May and October 2013 (period of sustained thunderstorm activity in France), several cloud-to-ground lightning flashes have been observed in Paris area with a high-speed video camera (14000 frames per second). The localization and the polarity of the recorded cloud-to-ground flashes have been obtained from the French lightning detection network M{\\'e}t{\\'e}orage which is equipped with the same low frequency sensors used by the US NLDN. In this paper we focused on 7 events (3 positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes and 4 negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes). The propagation velocity of the leaders and its temporal evolution have been estimated; the evolution of branching of the negative leaders have been observed during the propagation of the channel which get connected to ground and initiate the first return stroke. One aim of this preliminary study is to emphasize the differences between the characteristics of the positive and of the negative leaders.

Buguet, M; Blanchet, P; Pdeboy, S; Barnoud, P; Laroche, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Lightning and Plasma Wave Observations from the Galileo Flyby of Venus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...descended through the atmosphere, and for the Pioneer-Venus...of locally generated plasma waves (3). The Galileo...lightning does exist in the atmosphere of Venus. The Galileo...4), the Galileo plasma wave SCIENCE, VOL...frequencies up to 5.6 MHz. This frequency range...

D. A. GURNETT; W. S. KURTH; A. ROUX; R. GENDRIN; C. F. KENNEL; S. J. BOLTON

1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

286

Rare measurements of a sprite with halo event driven by a negative lightning discharge over Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argentina M. J. Taylor,1 M. A. Bailey,1 P. D. Pautet,1 S. A. Cummer,2 N. Jaugey,2 J. N. Thomas,3,4 N. N measurements were made of a mesoscale thunderstorm observed on February 22­23, 2006 over northern Argentina of a sprite with halo event driven by a negative lightning discharge over Argentina, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35

Thomas, Jeremy N.

287

Lightning in Wildfire Smoke Plumes Observed in Colorado during Summer 2012 TIMOTHY J. LANG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning in Wildfire Smoke Plumes Observed in Colorado during Summer 2012 TIMOTHY J. LANG NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama STEVEN A. RUTLEDGE AND BRENDA DOLAN Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado PAUL KREHBIEL AND WILLIAM RISON New Mexico Institute of Mining

Rutledge, Steven

288

Improvement of lightning NOx in the TM5 global chemistry transport model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a key greenhouse gas, and for the formation of the hydroxyl28 radical, which removes methane, also a key greenhouse gas. Estimates of the global lightning NOx production vary29 by an order of magnitude interpreting the lighting NOx contribu-36 tion from satellite and aircraft observations of NO2 in comparison

Haak, Hein

289

Estimation of input energy in rocket-triggered lightning Vinod Jayakumar,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the input power and energy, each per unit channel length and as a function of time, associated with return- lightning first stroke, based on the conversion of measured optical energy to total energy using energy., 2002] and measured current, I(t), at the channel base to estimate the input power per unit length, P

Florida, University of

290

Radar, satellite, and lightning characteristics of select mesoscale convective systems in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study compares radar data from the League City, Texas WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) which occur at various stages of development along the upper Texas Gulf Coast. Vertical...

Toracinta, Ernest Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

Student Services Student Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Services _______________ 1.9 Page 1 Student Services DIVISION OF STUDENT AFFAIRS Office for Student Affairs The Division of Student Affairs seeks to create a campus environment that fully engages students in the integration of their academic and personal development through quality programs

292

Student Services Student Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Services Student Services DIVISION OF STUDENT AFFAIRS Office in the Administration Building, Room 201 (970) 491-5312 studentaffairs.colostate.edu Blanche Hughes, Vice President for Student Affairs The Division of Student Affairs seeks to create a campus environment that fully engages students

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

293

The evolution of total lightning and radar reflectivity characteristics of two mesoscale convective systems over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) passed over the Houston Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) network on 31 October 2005 and 21 April 2006. As the MCSs traverse the LDAR network, the systems slowly mature with a weakening convective line...

Hodapp, Charles Lee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite based indicators of inner core convection: 85 GHz ice scattering signature and lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indirectly, using satellite-borne observations of the scattering of upwelling microwave radiation by precipitation sized ice and satellite-borne observations of lightning. The observations are then compared to tropical cyclone intensity and the resulting...

Cecil, Daniel Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Analysis of the Texas A&M impact lightning detector to determine detection efficiency and site error corrections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and azimuth, site errors, signal strength, attenuation coefficient, and peak current. Cloud-to-ground (CG) return stroke measurements from the IMPACT detector were compared to National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) measurements to determine...

Leahy, Frank Byron

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

A study of lightning activity over the warm pool western Pacific Ocean (TOGA-COARE region) for 1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The warm pool western Pacific Ocean is an area of the equatorial tropics characterized by strong and frequent convection, and vigorous lightning activity. However, it has been noted by various researchers that the vast oceanic expanses experience...

Rios, Luis Alberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Initial Estimates of Mercury Emissions to the Atmosphere from Global Biomass Burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frequently burning grasslands in Africa and Australia, and agricultural waste burning globally, contribute relatively little to the mercury budget. ... Savannas burn frequently (intentionally or by accident), typically annually or biannually, while boreal forest burns at 50?200 year time scales, and wet tropical forests rarely burn at all. ... Total C emissions tracked burning in forested areas (including deforestation fires in the tropics), whereas burned area was largely controlled by savanna fires which responded to different environmental and human factors. ...

H.R. Friedli; A.F. Arellano; S. Cinnirella; N. Pirrone

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Investigation into the high percentage of positive CG lightning along the west coast of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION INTO THE HIGH PERCENTAGE OF POSITIVE CG LIGHTNING ALONG THE WEST COAST OF THE UNITED STATES A Thesis by BRANDON LEE ELY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences INVESTIGATION INTO THK HIGH PERCENTAGE OF POSITIVE CG LIGHTNING ALONG THE WEST COAST OF THK UNITED STATES A Thesis by BRANDON LEE ELY Submitted to Texas...

Ely, Brandon Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

A, Science Service Featura ? FIHY THE FEATHER ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.ter. The cause is a hidden flash* A t h i r d form is llheat'l lightning, which i s the term applied t o are visible, a d is usu&ly explained as the reflection fron the hazsr air O f the lightning flashes of storns, American E%feteorolpgicalSociety, Describes: FOUR EIWDS OF LIGHTNING Lightning is popularly divided i n t o

300

Schoenberg, Chang, Keeley, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Critical Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik Schoenberg Research Center, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA 93271. D Department of Ecology and wildfires in Los Angeles County, California from January 1976 to December 2000 reveals that although the BI

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Schoenberg, Chang, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik SchoenbergA,E , Chien Research Center, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA 93271. D Department of Ecology and wildfires in Los Angeles County, California from January 1976 to December 2000 reveals that although the BI

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

302

Life Satisfaction Over the First Five Years Following Burn Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................... 88 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION In the United States, approximately 500,000 individuals present annually for treatment of burns; about 40,000 of whom require hospitalization (Esselman, 2007). These individuals are typically men, ages 20... year after hospitalization is almost universally a time of high distress for individuals with burn injuries (Patterson & Ford, 2000). The psychological distress following burn injury is said to be the most disabling of secondary complications...

Hoskins, Jessica Lynne

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Veto likely on ocean burning of toxic wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Veto likely on ocean burning of toxic wastes ... Ocean incineration of toxic wastes has been under study for some time, and EPA has authorized test burns as far back as 1974. ... (where more than 6000 people showed up), and Mobile, Ala., where the issues of transporting the waste safely to the burn site and what advantages ocean incineration has over land incineration were hotly debated. ...

1984-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

Alkyl Amides and Nitriles as Novel Tracers for Biomass Burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ammonia emissions into the atmosphere have been reported for numerous sources, as for example natural decay in soils, sewage treatment plants, livestock waste, and ammonia-based fertilizers (42, 43). ... Anal. of emissions from the burning of dried tropical grasses and agricultural wastes in a small-scale app. ... under the smoldering conditions of residential wood combustion, as compared to the active burning of forest fires and slash burns, incomplete combustion resulted in the preservation of high levels of the natural products. ...

Bernd R. T. Simoneit; A. I. Rushdi; M. R. bin Abas; B. M. Didyk

2002-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

Microsoft Word - Deep-Burn awards news release _2_.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Energy announced it has selected teams led by Idaho National Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory to advance the technology of nuclear fuel "Deep-Burn," in...

306

Geopolymeric Agent for Immobilization of Radioactive Ashes after Biomass Burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solidification of low-level radioactive wastes obtained after biomass burning was studied. Two solidification modes using Portland...- 6 g cm- 2 day- 1.... Thus, su...

A. D. Chervonnyi; N. A. Chervonnaya

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Reflective Terahertz Imaging for early diagnosis of skin burn severity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the brand area is also visualized in the THz images of thebrand shape is discernible as early as the post burn THz image.

TEWARI, PRIYAMVADA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

S_ Science Service Feature Released on receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the lightning h i t s there often is a brilliant flash -- much more This is the 'ball.'brilliant than the streak,LfGHTITING ILLUSIONS Though the existence of ball lightning is generally admitted by scientific authorities, many an officer and Commenting on a case re- men .mere killed by lightning, supposedly of the globular variety, Dr

309

4 Science Service Feature Released upon receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the idea that a solid object of some sort vas hurled to the ground vith the lightning flash, and hence lightning was supposed to be the weapon of the go6.s. I t s cle- structive effects naturallzr suggested the homes of the peasants as chams against lightning, as ne11 as other harmful agencies, real and imaginary

310

A, Science Service Feature aeleased upon receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flashes of fW.1 red lightning occurring once a minute sixteen minutes, The S. S. t'Inbtr i n the West a severe thunder- storm on the Pacific coast of Central &nerica, during which a flash of lightning struck WEATHER ? Mailed April 20,1935 LIGHTNING ODDITIEE!. By Charles Pitzhugh Talman, Authority on Meteorology

311

Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions from two different burning scenarios, so-called burn piles/pits and an air curtain burner/burn box, were compared using simulated FOB waste from municipal and commercial sources. ... Aerial- and ground-sampled emissions from three prescribed forest burns in the southeastern U.S. were compared to emissions from laboratory open burn tests using biomass from the same locations. ...

Johanna Aurell; Brian K. Gullett; Dirk Yamamoto

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

312

Transportation Services | Staff Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Services Transportation Services The BNL Transportation Office, located at 20 Brookhaven Avenue, Building 400A, is available to assist BNL employees, guests and visitors with transportation needs in support of Laboratory programs. The hours of operation are 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM Monday through Friday. To contact the Transportation Office call (631) 344-2535. Stony Brook Parking Passes The Transportation Office has a limited number of parking passes for the three (3) parking garages at Stony Brook University. The passes are available to and are intended for use by BNL employees/scientific staff on official business only. Passes may be used at the Administration, University Hospital and Health Services Center garages on the Stony Brook campus when visiting SBU on official business.

313

New Revelation of Lightning Ball Observation and Proposal for a Nuclear Reactor Fusion Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the author brings further details regarding his Lightning Ball observation that were not mentioned in the first one (Ref.1-2). Additionally, he goes more into detail as the three forces that are necessary to allow the residual crescent form the hydrodynamic vortex ring to shrink into a sphere.Further topics are the similarities and analogies between the Lightning Ball formation's theory and the presently undertaken Tokamak-Stellarator-Spheromak fusion reactor experiments. A new theory and its experimental realisation are proposed as to make the shrinking of the hot plasma of reactors into a ball possible by means of the so called long range electromagnetic forces. In this way,the fusion ignition temperature could possibly atteined.

Tar, Domokos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Health effects of electromagnetic field generated by lightning current pulses near down conductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lightning current generates a time varying magnetic field near down conductors, when lightning strikes the connected Franklin-rod. The down conductors are mounted on the wall of buildings, where residential places can be situated. It is well known that the rapidly changing magnetic fields could generate dangerous eddy currents in the human body. If the duration and the gradient of the magnetic field were high enough, the peripheral nerves are excited. In this study, the authors introduce an improved model of the interaction of electromagnetic fields of lighting current near a down conductor with the human body. The interaction model has two parts: estimation of the magnetic fields surrounding the down conductor and evaluation of health effects of rapid changing magnetic fields on the human body.

Z Tamus; B Novk; L Szcs; I Kiss

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Tropical biomass burning smoke plume size, shape, reflectance, and age based on 2001??2009 MISR imagery of Borneo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. S. Zender et al. : Tropical biomass burning smoke plumeslaboratory measurements of biomass-burning emis- sions: 1.aerosol optical depth biomass burning events: a comparison

Zender, C. S; Krolewski, A. G; Tosca, M. G; Randerson, J. T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Analysis of Tracer Dispersion During a Prescribed Forest Burn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

become a method to manage forest health, while preventing uncontrolled wild land fire. Low intensity, prescribed burns release less carbon dioxide than wildfires of the same size and may be used as a strategy. The ultimate goal of the project is to use the data from the burn, along with modeling techniques to improve

Collins, Gary S.

317

UNCORRECTED 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCORRECTED PROOF 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial 3 and subsistence groups Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, 1919 M St., Washington, DC 20036, USA 7 c Energy as: Lisa Naughton-Treves et al., Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial

Kammen, Daniel M.

318

Prioritizing Burn-Injured Patients During a Disaster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. government has mandated that, in a catastrophic event, metropolitan areas need to be capable of caring for 50 burn-injured patients per million population. In New York City, this corresponds to 400 patients. There are currently 140 burn beds ... Keywords: disaster planning, healthcare, triage

Carri W. Chan; Linda V. Green; Yina Lu; Nicole Leahy; Roger Yurt

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Stellar Burning Falk Herwig, Alexander Heger, and Frank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. In these objects, a thermonuclear runaway of the helium shell on top of an electron-degenerate core (a young White implications for the production of neutron- rich elements. log Tlog Teffeff Figure 1-- A thermonuclear runaway stellar conditions. We will include a stellar equation of state as well as thermonuclear burning (TN burn

Herwig, Falk

320

Study of composite cement containing burned oil shale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study of composite cement containing burned oil shale Julien Ston Supervisors : Prof. Karen properties. SCMs can be by-products from various industries or of natural origin, such as shale. Oil shale correctly, give a material with some cementitious properties known as burned oil shale (BOS). This study

Dalang, Robert C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Process May Reduce Pollution From Burning Coal Refuse Piles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process May Reduce Pollution From Burning Coal Refuse Piles ... The process uses a heavy liquid to separate marketable high-ash coal from nonburnable waste rock. ... Nearly 500 mountains of coal refuse, waste material from coal cleaning operations, are burning uncontrollably in 15 states in the U.S., according to a Bureau of Mines survey. ...

1965-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

322

Analyzing and Tracking Burning Structures in Lean Premixed Hydrogen Flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of premixed burners capable of stably burning ultra-lean hydrogen-air fuel mixtures. Such burners couldAnalyzing and Tracking Burning Structures in Lean Premixed Hydrogen Flames Peer-Timo Bremer, Member demonstrate our approach by analyzing three numerical simulations of lean hydrogen flames subject to different

Pascucci, Valerio

323

Analyzing and Tracking Burning Structures in Lean Premixed Hydrogen Flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- bly burning ultra-lean hydrogen-air fuel mixtures. Such burners could, for example, be used as oneAnalyzing and Tracking Burning Structures in Lean Premixed Hydrogen Flames P.-T. Bremer1, G. Weber2 of the temporal behavior. We demonstrate our approach by analyzing three numerical simulations of lean hydrogen

324

Microsoft PowerPoint - burns.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Low Evaluation of Low Tank Level Mixing Technologies for DOE High Level Waste Tank Retrieval (10516) Heather Burns Andrew Fellinger and Richard Minichan Savannah River National Laboratory March 7 - 11, 2010 Phoenix, Arizona Waste Management Symposia 2010 SRNL-STI-2010-00139 2 W A S T E M A N A G E M E N T S Y M P O S I A 2 0 1 0 Agenda Overview Background Why a retrieval knowledge center Initial objectives / goals Low Level Mixing Addressing a challenge through technology demonstration Evaluation criteria Instrumentation Test matrix HOW DID WE GET THERE? WHERE DID WE GO? "Building a Foundation" The challenges that lead to gaps in retrieval Development and mock-up of retrieval technologies 3 W A S T E M A N A G E M E N T S Y M P O S I A 2 0 1 0 Background -

325

A Ball Lightning Model as a Possible Explanation of Recently Reported Cavity Lights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The salient features of cavity lights, in particular, mobile luminous objects (MLO's), as have been experimentally observed in superconducting accelerator cavities, are summarized. A model based upon standard electromagnetic interactions between a small particle and the 1.5 GHz cavity excitation field is described. This model can explain some features of these data, in particular, the existence of particle orbits without wall contact. While this result is an important success for the model, it is detailed why the model as it stands is incomplete. It is argued that no avenues for a suitable extension of the model through established physics appear evident, which motivates an investigation of a model based upon a more exotic object, ball lightning. As discussed, further motivation derives from the fact that there are significant similarities in many of the qualitative features of ball lightning and MLO's, even though they appear in quite different circumstances and differ in scale by orders of magnitude. The ball lightning model, which incorporates electromagnetic charges and currents, is based on a symmetrized set of Maxwell's equations in which the electromagnetic sources and fields are characterized by a process called dyality rotation. It is shown that a consistent mathematical description of dyality rotation as a physical process can be achieved by adding suitable (phenomenological) current terms to supplement the usual current terms in the symmetrized Maxwell's equations. These currents, which enable the conservation of electric and magnetic charge, are called vacuum currents. It is shown that the proposed ball lightning model offers a good qualitative explanation of the perplexing aspects of the MLO data. Avenues for further study are indicated.

Fryberger, David; /SLAC

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

326

High Pressure Burn Rate Measurements on an Ammonium Perchlorate Propellant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High pressure deflagration rate measurements of a unique ammonium perchlorate (AP) based propellant are required to design the base burn motor for a Raytheon weapon system. The results of these deflagration rate measurements will be key in assessing safety and performance of the system. In particular, the system may experience transient pressures on the order of 100's of MPa (10's kPSI). Previous studies on similar AP based materials demonstrate that low pressure (e.g. P < 10 MPa or 1500 PSI) burn rates can be quite different than the elevated pressure deflagration rate measurements (see References and HPP results discussed herein), hence elevated pressure measurements are necessary in order understand the deflagration behavior under relevant conditions. Previous work on explosives have shown that at 100's of MPa some explosives will transition from a laminar burn mechanism to a convective burn mechanism in a process termed deconsolidative burning. The resulting burn rates that are orders-of-magnitude faster than the laminar burn rates. Materials that transition to the deconsolidative-convective burn mechanism at elevated pressures have been shown to be considerably more violent in confined heating experiments (i.e. cook-off scenarios). The mechanisms of propellant and explosive deflagration are extremely complex and include both chemical, and mechanical processes, hence predicting the behavior and rate of a novel material or formulation is difficult if not impossible. In this work, the AP/HTPB based material, TAL-1503 (B-2049), was burned in a constant volume apparatus in argon up to 300 MPa (ca. 44 kPSI). The burn rate and pressure were measured in-situ and used to calculate a pressure dependent burn rate. In general, the material appears to burn in a laminar fashion at these elevated pressures. The experiment was reproduced multiple times and the burn rate law using the best data is B = (0.6 {+-} 0.1) x P{sup (1.05{+-}0.02)} where B is the burn rate in mm/s and P is the pressure in units of MPa. Details of the experimental method, results and data analysis are discussed herein and briefly compared to other AP based materials that have been measured in this apparatus.

Glascoe, E A; Tan, N

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new device for measuring the depth of surface tissue burns based on the rate at which the skin temperature responds to a sudden differential temperature stimulus. This technique can be performed without physical contact with the burned tissue. In one implementation, time-dependent surface temperature data is taken from subsequent frames of a video signal from an infrared-sensitive video camera. When a thermal transient is created, e.g., by turning off a heat lamp directed at the skin surface, the following time-dependent surface temperature data can be used to determine the skin burn depth. Imaging and non-imaging versions of this device can be implemented, thereby enabling laboratory-quality skin burn depth imagers for hospitals as well as hand-held skin burn depth sensors the size of a small pocket flashlight for field use and triage.

Dickey, Fred M. (Albuquerque, NM); Holswade, Scott C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI Aftertreatment System Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI Aftertreatment System Lean-burn SIDI...

329

MIPAS observations of organic tracers for biomass burning and intercontinental transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIPAS observations of organic tracers for biomass burning and intercontinental transport observations of organic tracers for biomass burning and intercontinental transport Introduction Suite - Oxford - September 2009 #12;MIPAS observations of organic tracers for biomass burning

330

Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and isomer ratios as tracers of biomass burning emissions in Northern India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emission from large-scale post-harvest agricultural-waste burning (paddy-residue burning during OctoberNovember and wheat-residue burning in AprilMay) is a conspicuous feature ... in northern India. The poor an...

Prashant Rajput; M. M. Sarin; Deepti Sharma

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - american biomass burning Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biomass burning Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: american biomass burning Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Recent biomass burning in the...

332

Emission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel (FF) combustion and biomass burning (BB), respectively. The enhancements of BC and LSP in BBEmission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over. (2012), Emission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over

Jimenez, Jose-Luis

333

Burned area mapping time series in Canada (19841999) from NOAA-AVHRR LTDR: A comparison with other remote sensing products and fire perimeters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new algorithm for mapping burned areas in boreal forest using AVHRR archival data Long Term Data Record (LTDR) (0.05, ca. 5km, version 3) was developed in Canada using burn records for the period between 1984 and 1999 and evaluated against AVHRR 1km and AVHRR-PAL 8km burned area map products. The algorithm combined 1) absolute and relative radiometric thresholds, 2) a Bayesian network classifier, and 3) neighborhood analysis for spatial fire coherence. Fire event records from Canadian Forest Service National Fire Database (CFSNFD) for western Canada were used to train the algorithm. LTDR and AVHRR 1km burned area mapping were similar for the same area, and correlated well to CFSNFD annual fire event records for western Canada, r2=0.72 and 0.77, respectively. In addition, the LTDR mapping correlated well with fires for all of Canada in the CFSNFD database (r2=0.65). This mapping product was a significant improvement over an 8km AVHRR-PAL burned area map product. For mapping boreal forests burned areas globally, this study demonstrates the potential accuracy for where LTDR represents the highest spatial and temporal resolution of daily images available since the 1980s.

Jose A. Moreno Ruiz; David Riao; Manuel Arbelo; Nancy H.F. French; Susan L. Ustin; Michael L. Whiting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Service Buildings... Most service buildings were small, with almost ninety percent between 1,001 and 10,000 square feet. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Category Figure showing number of service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Service Buildings

335

Space-based observations of NO2: Trends in anthropogenic emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roles of fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning and soilcombustion) and natural (lightning, soil microbial processes, biomass

Russell, Ashley Ray

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Copy Service, Production Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Copy Service Copy Service Copying in color or black-and-white from hard copy or electronic files. Paper size up to 13" x 19" in a variety of stocks and colors. Larger Documents (up to 36" wide and 100" long) can be reproduced in Black & White from prints or files and can be saved in a variety of electronic format Variable Data Printing - personalized document production Tab Printing Forms CD/DVD Duplication CD/DVD direct printing Binding Collate documents, insert tab dividers, punch holes for binding Stapling documents up to 1 inch thick Spiral, adhesive and perfect binding. Hard covers also available upon request Folding & Mailing Print and apply mailing addresses and labels Machine fold documents and insert into envelopes for mailing Laminate printed items up to 35" wide.

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute burn patients Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: Burns & Plastic Surgery Care for Adults and Paediatrics 12;Studying Nursing & Health Care at Glasgow... Certificate in Burns & Plastic Surgery Care for Adults and...

338

Ancillary services  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ancillary services are those functions performed by electrical generating, transmission, system-control, and distribution-system equipment and people to support the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission defined ancillary services as ``those services necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system.`` FERC identified six ancillary services reactive power and voltage control, loss compensation, scheduling and dispatch, load following, system protection, and energy imbalance. Our earlier work identified 19 ancillary services Here we offer a revised set of seven ancillary services and mention several other services that merit consideration. In preparing its final rule on open-access transmission service, we suggest that FERC consider splitting its system-protection service into its two primary pieces, reliability reserve and supplemental-operating reserve. We also suggest that FERC define more sharply all of the ancillary services. especially load-following reserve and energy imbalance. Finally, we suggest that FERC consider other services and their provision in a restructured electricity industry; these services include black-start capability, time correction, standby service. planning reserve, redispatch. transmission services, power quality, and planning and engineering services.

Hirst, E.; Kirby, B

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, V. A. Rakov, K. J. Rambo, and D. M. Jordan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive strokes J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, V, and D. M. Jordan (2004), A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive strokes and magnetic fields for a rocket-triggered two-stroke flash. The first stroke lowered negative charge to ground

Florida, University of

340

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 99, NO. D7, PAGES 14,353-14,360, JULY 20, 1994 Microsecond-scale electric field pulses in cloud lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the microsecond-scale structure of the cloud-flash field. Recently, the University of Florida lightning research-scale electric field pulses in cloud lightning discharges Y. Villanueva, V. A. Rakov, and M. A. Uman Department with a 500-ns sampling interval, microsecond-scale pulses in different stages of cloud flashes in Florida

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R.; Burnham, A.K.; Chesnut, D.A.; Comfort, W.J. III; Guymon, L.G.; Henning, C.D.; Pedersen, K.B.; Sefcik, J.A.; Smith, J.A.; Strauch, M.S.

1993-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

342

Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait`s oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R. [and others

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

Burning hazardous waste in cement kilns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cement manufacturing process is one of the oldest in the world, having been in practice for over 2000 years. It is also one of the most energy intensive, with up to 65 percent of the cost of the product attributable to energy consumption. In addition to high energy demand, the process conditions include extremely high temperatures. Cement clinker forms when the correct mixture of raw materials is heated to 2650/sup 0/ F. This requires combustion temperatures exceeding 3000/sup 0/ F. under oxidizing conditions. To accomplish this, gas temperatures above 2000/sup 0/ F. occur for several seconds (typically five seconds), which is much longer than residence times in permitted hazardous waste incinerators. These conditions are extremely favorable to the destruction of organic compounds and have led to extensive investigation into the potential for burning hazardous waste in cement kilns. Cement kilns consuming hazardous wastes have been tested for air emissions under various operating conditions. The substantial body of information on the emissions and handling of hazardous wastes from these studies has demonstrated that effective destruction of wastes can be accomplished with the added benefits of energy conservation and no significant change in air emissions.

Chadbourne, J.F.; Helmsteller, A.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Spectral hole burning for stopping light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a protocol for storage and retrieval of photon wave packets in a {lambda}-type atomic medium. This protocol derives from spectral hole burning and takes advantages of the specific properties of solid-state systems at low temperature, such as rare-earth ion-doped crystals. The signal pulse is tuned to the center of the hole that has been burnt previously within the inhomogeneously broadened absorption band. The group velocity is strongly reduced, being proportional to the hole width. This way the optically carried information and energy are carried over to the off-resonance optical dipoles. Storage and retrieval are performed by conversion to and from ground-state Raman coherence by using brief {pi} pulses. The protocol exhibits some resemblance with the well-known electromagnetically induced transparency process. It also presents distinctive features such as the absence of coupling beam. In this paper we detail the various steps of the protocol, summarize the critical parameters, and theoretically examine the recovery efficiency.

Lauro, R.; Chaneliere, T.; Le Goueet, J.-L. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS UPR3321, Universite Paris Sud, Batiment 505, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay (France)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

ARM - Field Campaign - Biomass Burning Observation Project - BBOP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBiomass Burning Observation Project - BBOP govCampaignsBiomass Burning Observation Project - BBOP Campaign Links BNL BBOP Website ARM Aerial Facility Payload Science Plan Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Biomass Burning Observation Project - BBOP 2013.07.01 - 2013.10.24 Website : http://campaign.arm.gov/bbop/ Lead Scientist : Larry Kleinman For data sets, see below. Description This field campaign will address multiple uncertainties in aerosol intensive properties, which are poorly represented in climate models, by means of aircraft measurements in biomass burning plumes. Key topics to be investigated are: Aerosol mixing state and morphology Mass absorption coefficients (MACs) Chemical composition of non-refractory material associated with

346

ARM - News from the Biomass Burn Observation Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project (BBOP)News from the Biomass Burn Observation Project Related Links BBOP Home Outreach News & Press Backgrounder (PDF, 2.1MB) Images ARM flickr site ARM Data Discovery...

347

Reversal of Catabolism by Beta-Blockade after Severe Burns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...-isotope methods and serial body-composition scanning to determine that beta-blockade with propranolol diminishes wasting of skeletal-muscle protein after severe burns. Thirteen severely burned children were given propranolol for up to four weeks and had a decrease in resting energy expenditure, without... Patients with severe burns have catecholamine-mediated hypermetabolism, including pronounced muscle-protein catabolism, that adversely affects recovery. In a prospective, randomized study, 13 children with severe burns were given oral propranolol for up to four weeks in an attempt to interrupt this process, and 12 served as controls. Beta-blockade decreased resting energy expenditure and increased net muscle-protein balance by 82 percent, as compared with a 27 percent decrease in net muscle-protein balance in the control group.

Herndon D.N.Hart D.W.Wolf S.E.Chinkes D.L.Wolfe R.R.

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

348

Purifying rotary kiln waste gases in chamotte burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study of the operation of electric filters connected to rotary kilns for burning clay into chamotte showed that to increase the dust extraction efficiency it is necessary: with dust concentrations in the gas...

Yu. I. Chander; S. Z. Belinskii; L. G. Borisovskii

349

Nonphotochemical hole burning and dispersive kinetics in amorphous solids.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Results of an extensive study, covering burn intensities in the nW to {dollar}?{dollar}W/cm{dollar}2{dollar} range, of dispersive hole growth kinetics are reported for Oxazine 720 in (more)

Kenney, Michael Joseph

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Issues to be Addressed Next Step MFE Burning Plasma Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of risk into burning plasma initiatives. The level of acceptable risk is clearly a matter of personal with Acceptably Small Elms ALL of these Issues are the subject of active research at ALL major experimental

351

Presented at UFA Burning Plasma Science Workshop II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Massachusetts Institute, Madison, WI · Charge for First and Second meetings Scientific value of a Burning Plasma experiment Scientific readiness to proceed with such an experiment Is the FIRE mission scientifically appropriate

352

Procurable Products, Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facility construction and architecturalengineering Construction services; architecturalengineering services; real property Support services and staff augmentation Services for...

353

Actinide burning in the integral fast reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past few years, Argonne National Laboratory has been developing the integral fast reactor (IFR), an advanced liquid-metal reactor concept. In the IFR, the inherent properties of liquid-metal cooling are combined with a new metallic fuel and a radically different refining process to allow breakthroughs in passive safety, fuel cycle economics, and waste management. A key feature of the IFR concept is its unique pyroprocessing. Pyroprocessing has the potential to radically improve long-term waste management strategies by exploiting the following attributes: 1. Minor actinides accompany plutonium product stream; therefore, actinide recycling occurs naturally. Actinides, the primary source of long-term radiological toxicity, are removed from the waste stream and returned to the reactor for in situ burning, generating useful energy. 2. High-level waste volume from pyroprocessing call be reduced substantially as compared with direct disposal of spent fuel. 3. Decay heat loading in the repository can be reduced by a large factor, especially for the long-term burden. 4. Low-level waste generation is minimal. 5. Troublesome fission products, such as [sup 99]Tc, [sup 129]I, and [sup 14]C, are contained and immobilized. Singly or in combination, the foregoing attributes provide important improvements in long-term waste management in terms of the ease in meeting technical performance requirements (perhaps even the feasibility of demonstrating that technical performance requirements can be met) and perhaps also in ultimate public acceptance. Actinide recycling, if successfully developed, could well help the current repository program by providing an opportunity to enhance capacity utilization and by deferring the need for future repositories. It also represents a viable technical backup option in the event unforeseen difficulties arise in the repository licensing process.

Chang, Y.I. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Single particle size and fluorescence spectra from emissions of burning materials in a tube furnace to simulate burn pits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A single-particle fluorescence spectrometer (SPFS) and an aerodynamic particle sizer were used to measure the fluorescence spectra and particle size distribution from the particulate emissions of 12 different burning

Yong-Le Pan; Joshua D. T. Houck; Pamela A. Clark; Ronald G. Pinnick

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Program Info Start Date 09/07/2012 State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Stick Burning Stove: $500 Pellet Burning Stove: $700 The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) now offers the Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program as part of its Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. The Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program offers a flat grant award of $500 for stick burning wood stoves and $700 for pellet burning wood stoves that meet program eligibility requirements. Basic requirements for grant funding include: *The property must serve as primary residence *Clean burning wood stove must replace existing electric or non-natural gas

356

Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-101 Berkeley, CA. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 1987.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 1987. Laser Ignition Device and Its Application to Forestry, Fire and Land Management 1 Michael D. Waterworth2 Abstract: A laser ignition device for controlled burning. A laser ignition device (LID), intended initially for the controlled burning of forest logging slash

Standiford, Richard B.

357

Production Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome The Production Services site contains links to each of the division's groups with descriptions of their services. Our goal is to update this website frequently to reflect ongoing service upgrades which, by planning and design, are added so that we can continue to meet your needs in a constantly changing work environment. Note: The Graphic Design Studio has been relocated to the second floor in the north wing of the Research Support Building 400. The telephone number remains the same, X7288. If you have any questions, please call supervisor, Rick Backofen, X6183. Photography Photography services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of photography services available. Video Video services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of video services available.

358

Potential health impacts of burning coal beds and waste banks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uncontrolled release of pollutants from burning coal beds and waste banks presents potential environmental and human health hazards. On a global scale, the emissions of large volumes of greenhouse gases from burning coal beds may contribute to climate change that alters ecosystems and patterns of disease occurrence. On regional and local scales, the emissions from burning coal beds and waste banks of acidic gases, particulates, organic compounds, and trace elements can contribute to a range of respiratory and other human health problems. Although there are few published reports of health problems caused by these emissions, the potential for problems can be significant. In India, large numbers of people have been displaced from their homes because of health problems caused by emissions from burning coal beds. Volatile elements such as arsenic, fluorine, mercury, and selenium are commonly enriched in coal deposits. Burning coal beds can volatilize these elements, which then can be inhaled, or adsorbed on crops and foods, taken up by livestock or bioaccumulated in birds and fish. Some of these elements can condense on dust particles that can be inhaled or ingested. In addition, selenium, arsenic, lead, tin, bismuth, fluorine, and other elements condense where the hot gaseous emissions come in contact with ambient air, forming mats of concentrated efflorescent minerals on the surface of the ground. These mats can be leached by rainwater and washed into local water bodies providing other potential routes of exposure. Although there are little data linking burning coal beds and waste banks to known health problems, a possibly analogous situation exists in rural China where mineralized coal burned in a residential environment has caused widespread and severe health problems such as fluorosis and arseniasis.

Robert B Finkelman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A, Science, Service Feature ? WHY THE VEATHER ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

f r o a t h QWder most favorable conditions. instant of the lightning flash. (Tanorrow: Safety i n Meteorological Socfotg t u : DISTANCE OF LIGHTNING The distance of lightning iron tho observer may be quickly calculated bY the lapse O f t h e between t h e flash and t h e hearing of i t s acco.qanyfng Clap Of ~JUJC

360

A, Science service Feature Released on receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is that a lightning flash is never a zigzag l i n e , with sharp angles, as it WGS drawn and pain& ed f o r ages in every direction, but they do not turn shag Corners. The flickering of a lightning flash is oftenB OF LIGHTfjING The camera has revealed m y i n t e r e s t i n s f x t s &bout lightning. One

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Monte Carlo estimation of the rates of lightning strikes on power lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the development of a general method for estimating the rates of lightning strikes on transmission lines using Monte Carlo simulation. Effects of towers, cross-arms, non-level ground, conductor sags and nearby structures are directly represented in the 3-dimension electrogeometric model (EGM). The method developed is a general one that is applicable to any transmission line configuration and is independent of the EGM used. Tedious analytical derivation of more than 100 equations for each configuration as required by analytical methods is avoided altogether. The formulation and a flow chart are detailed in the paper. The shortest distances from the lightning leader tip to individual structures that may be struck are evaluated and then compared with striking distances. The outcome of the comparison identifies the structure which will be struck in each simulation. The exposure area adopted in the simulation is determined on the basis of the transmission line route length and the maximum possible striking distance to ensure that the simulation results in a maximum possible number of strikes on the overhead line. Strokes outside the exposure area will always miss the transmission line and, therefore, have no effects on the results. The method proposed and its software implementation are verified on the basis of results from analytical methods of earlier work, and from field data.

Roger Holt; Tam T. Nguyen

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Low-level convergence and its role in convective intensity and frequency over the Houston lightning and rainfall anomaly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-R) in the Houston area during the summer season of 2005 presented a unique opportunity to investigate the role of boundary-layer convergence in modulating convective frequency and intensity and, thereby, likely causing the rainfall and lightning anomalies. The role...

McNear, Veronica Ann

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Distribution and Its Relationship with Orography and Anthropogenic Emissions in the Po Valley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main object of this work is to study the lightning climatology in the Po Valley in Italy and how it varies in time (interannual, annual, weekly, and daily time scales) and space (sea coast, plains, and mountain areas) and how that is related ...

Laura Feudale; Agostino Manzato

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning examine relative magnitudes of electric field peaks of first and subsequent return strokes in negative, the electric field peak of the first stroke is appreciably, 1.7 to 2.4 times, larger than the field peak

Florida, University of

366

Cloud to ground lightning in tropical cyclone: a study of 34 West Atlantic tropical cyclones from 1986-1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection Network recorded 307,593 CG lightning flashes within 300 km of the storms in this study. Negative flashes had an average first stroke peak current of -49 kA and a mean multiplicity of 2.7. Positive flashes occurred at a rate of 5.3 percent...

Coyne, John Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

-A Science Service Feature By Dr; Charles F, hooks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the lightning flash and the rumble of the thunder, tremely heavy thunder can be heard tnice or three timesclude8 that the loudest thunder corms from the strongest and brightest and domward- directed lightning

368

Nonphotochemical hole burning and dispersive kinetics in amorphous solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results covering burn intensities in the nW to {mu}W/cm{sup 2} range, of dispersive hole growth kinetics are reported for Oxazine 720 in glycerol glasses and polyvinyl alcohol polymer films and their deuterated analogues. A theoretical model which employs a distribution function for the hole burning rate constant based upon a Gaussian distribution for the tunnel parameter is shown to accurately describe the kinetic data. This model incorporates the linear electron-phonon coupling. A method for calculating the nonphotochemical quantum yield is presented which utilizes the Gaussian distribution of tunnel parameters. The quantum yield calculation can be extended to determine a quantum yield as a function of hole depth. The effect of spontaneous hole filling is shown to be insignificant over the burn intensity range studied. Average relaxation rates for hole burning are {approximately}8 orders of magnitude greater than for hole filling. The dispersive kinetics of hole burning are observed to be independent over the temperature range of these experiments, 1.6 to 7.0 K. 6 refs., 20 figs., 1 tab.

Kenney, M.J.

1990-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

369

DOE/SC-ARM-13-014 Biomass Burning Observation Project Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 Biomass Burning Observation Project Science Plan LI Kleinman AJ Sedlacek September 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

370

Transportation Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Services Transporting nuclear materials within the United States and throughout the world is a complicated and sometimes highly controversial effort requiring...

371

Experiments related to the resuspension of aerosols during hydrogen burns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed seven ''add-on'' experiments in two large combustion facilities to investigate the capability of hydrogen burns to remove simulated structural and fission product aerosols previously deposited on small metal discs that have surfaces prototypical of those found in nuclear reactor containments. Our results suggest that hydrogen combustion provides an especially effective mechanism for removal (and, presumably, resuspension) of sedimented aerosols produced in a hypothetical nuclear reactor core-degradation or core-melting accident. The presence of condensing steam does not seem to assure adhesion of sedimented aerosols during hydrogen burns. Differences are exhibited between different surfaces as well as between types of aerosol. In-depth studies will be required to assess the impact exposure of sedimented aerosols to hydrogen burns might have on the radiological source term.

Nelson, L.S.; Guay, K.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Theory of Antineutrino Monitoring of Burning MOX Plutonium Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter presents the physics and feasibility of reactor antineutrino monitoring to verify the burnup of plutonium loaded in the reactor as a Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel. It examines the magnitude and temporal variation in the antineutrino signals expected for different MOX fuels, for the purposes of nuclear accountability and safeguards. The antineutrino signals from reactor-grade and weapons-grade MOX are shown to be distinct from those from burning low enriched uranium. Thus, antineutrino monitoring could be used to verify the destruction of plutonium in reactors, though verifying the grade of the plutonium being burned is found to be more challenging.

Hayes, A C; Nieto, Michael Martin; WIlson, W B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Theory of Antineutrino Monitoring of Burning MOX Plutonium Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter presents the physics and feasibility of reactor antineutrino monitoring to verify the burnup of plutonium loaded in the reactor as a Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel. It examines the magnitude and temporal variation in the antineutrino signals expected for different MOX fuels, for the purposes of nuclear accountability and safeguards. The antineutrino signals from reactor-grade and weapons-grade MOX are shown to be distinct from those from burning low enriched uranium. Thus, antineutrino monitoring could be used to verify the destruction of plutonium in reactors, though verifying the grade of the plutonium being burned is found to be more challenging.

A. C. Hayes; H. R. Trellue; Michael Martin Nieto; W. B. WIlson

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

374

Completion of the INEEL's WERF Incinerator Trial Burn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the successes and challenges associated with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitting of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory's (INEEL) Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) hazardous and mixed waste incinerator. Topics to be discussed include facility modifications and problems, trial burn results and lessons learned in each of these areas. In addition, a number of challenges remain including completion and final issue of RCRA Permit and implementation of all the permit requirements. Results from the trial burn demonstrated that the operating conditions and procedures will result in emissions that are satisfactorily protective of human health, the environment, and are in compliance with Federal and State regulations.

Branter, Curtis Keith; Conley, Dennis Allen; Corrigan, Shannon James; Moser, David Roy

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Completion of the INEEL's WERF Incinerator Trial Burn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the successes and challenges associated with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitting of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory's (INEEL) Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) hazardous and mixed waste incinerator. Topics to be discussed include facility modifications and problems, trial burn results and lessons learned in each of these areas. In addition, a number of challenges remain including completion and final issue of the RCRA Permit and implementation of all the permit requirements. Results from the trial burn demonstrated that the operating conditions and procedures will result in emissions that are satisfactorily protective of human health, the environment, and are in compliance with Federal and State regulations.

C. K. Branter; D. A. Conley; D. R. Moser; S. J. Corrigan

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Burning for Improvement of Macartney Rose-Infested Coastal Prairie.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for ~u:nd,mt white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus lIO~lUlatlO?n. The pasture in which the experimental are located is usually grazed by cattle from late to late fall . Experimental Burns were installed as headfires at 2- to 3-month in February... for ~u:nd,mt white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus lIO~lUlatlO?n. The pasture in which the experimental are located is usually grazed by cattle from late to late fall . Experimental Burns were installed as headfires at 2- to 3-month in February...

Gordon, R.A.; Scifres, C.J.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Service Contracts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidelines for Obtaining Guidelines for Obtaining Best-Practice Contracts for Commercial Buildings Operation and Maintenance Service Contracts Prepared with funding from the U.S. EPA December 1997 PECI Acknowledgements Special thanks to the following people for their ongoing contributions and careful review of the document: Byron Courts, Director of Engineering Services, and Dave Rabon, Chief Engineer, Melvin Mark Pete Degan, Director of Customer Marketing, Landis/Staefa David Fanning, HVAC Coordinator, EXPRESS Bil Pletz, Facility Manager, Intel Mike Sanislow, Service Channel Development Leader, Honeywell Home and Building Karl Stum, Director of Technical Services, PECI Tom Walton, President, United Service Alliance For additional copies of this guidebook, contact: Portland Energy Conservation Inc. (PECI)

378

Facilities Services Overview & Discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Finance Facilities Services Director: Jeff Butler Human Resources Administrative Services Engineering) Environmental Services Morrison (3) Admin Services Evans (1) Human Resources Engineering (4) ·EngineeringFacilities Services Overview & Discussion Jeff Butler Director ­ Facilities Services November 2011

Maxwell, Bruce D.

379

Ignition and Burn in a Small Magnetized Fuel Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LASNEX calculations of a small magnetized target show high gain at a velocity significantly lower than needed for unmagnetized targets. Its cryogenic fuel layer appears to be raised to an equilibrium ignition temperature of about 2 keV by the radiation from the burning magnetized fuel.

Kirkpatrick, Ronald C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

BURNING BURIED SUNSHINE: HUMAN CONSUMPTION OF ANCIENT SOLAR ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BURNING BURIED SUNSHINE: HUMAN CONSUMPTION OF ANCIENT SOLAR ENERGY JEFFREY S. DUKES Department of as a vast store of solar energy from which society meets >80% of its current energy needs. Here, using of ancient solar energy decline, humans are likely to use an increasing share of modern solar resources. I

Dukes, Jeffrey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

LIBERTY TOLERANT COTTON: WEED CONTROL AND CROP TOLERANCE Brent Burns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBERTY TOLERANT COTTON: WEED CONTROL AND CROP TOLERANCE Brent Burns Texas Tech University Lubbock Acres planted with herbicide-tolerant cotton varieties have steadily increased since their introduction in 1995. Recently, the bar gene was introduced into Coker 312 cotton plants for tolerance to Liberty

Mukhtar, Saqib

382

More than words : a biography of Daniel Francis Burns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daniel Francis Burns was born in Ireland in 1888 and immigrated to the United States in 1912. He married Mary O'Neill in 1923 and had a family of seven children. He worked as a police officer in the Boston Police Department ...

Burns, Matthew R. (Matthew Robert)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

PRESENTATION TO NRC BURNING PLASMA PANEL DR. STEPHEN O. DEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PRESENTATION TO NRC BURNING PLASMA PANEL DR. STEPHEN O. DEAN PRESIDENT FUSION POWER ASSOCIATES REACTORS ! FISSION PRODUCT DEACTIVATION ! HAZARDOUS WASTE PROCESSING ! RECYCLING OF MATERIALS ! FUSION ! UNRESOLVED WASTE DISPOSAL ISSUE EPRI DID PREPARE TWO REPORTS ON FUSION, IN 1992 AND 1994 ! Report of the 1992

384

Firm sues to hasten burning of waste at sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an effort to force a decision on its bid to perform a research burn of chemical wastes at sea, Chemical Waste Management is suing both the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. The company wants the U.S. ...

1986-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

385

A New Type Heat Exchanger for Coal Burning Boilers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To make the best of heat energy in the flue gas exhausted from a coal burning boiler, the design proposal for a new type of heat exchanger was put forward in the paper. Via the new type of heat exchanger, temperature of the flue gas can be decreased ... Keywords: waste heat utilization, energy conservation, special heat exchanger, economizer

Bingwen Zhang; Yingjin Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Paediatric medical trauma: The impact on parents of burn survivors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to identify parents at risk of developing ongoing psychological distress after their child has sustained a burn a greater understanding of paediatric medical trauma is required. Aim To investigate the impact of exposure to paediatric trauma on parents of children with a burn and to identify risk factors and relationships between psychological distress and resilience. Methods Sixty-three parents were recruited. Parents completed standardised assessments measuring symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, stress, and resilience within one week of the burn occurring. Statistical analysis included t-tests, KruskalWallis one way ANOVA and Spearman's Roe. Results Parents experienced significantly more symptoms of PTSD (p=0.001) than a comparative community population. Factors including having a daughter, witnessing the event, feeling helpless or having past traumatic experiences significantly influenced symptoms of psychological distress and resilience (p=0.05). Conclusion Parents of burn survivors experience significant psychological distress with low levels of resilience. As part of standard routine care health professionals should screen parents to identify those at greatest risk and provide effective evidence based interventions aimed at improving resilience and reducing stress.

Sarah McGarry; Sonya Girdler; Ann McDonald; Jane Valentine; Fiona Wood; Catherine Elliott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The impact of infield biomass burning on PM levels and its chemical composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the South of Italy, it is common for farmers to burn pruning waste from olive trees in spring. In order to evaluate the impact of the biomass burning source on the physical and chemical characteristics ... ope...

P. Dambruoso; G. de Gennaro; A. Di Gilio

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Burning of Hydrocarbon Fuels Directly in a Water-Based Heat Carrier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A principal possibility of burning hydrocarbon fuels directly in a water-based heat carrier is demonstrated. The first experimental results are presented by an example of burning acetylene in water with initia...

V. S. Teslenko; V. I. Manzhalei; R. N. Medvedev

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Physical and Chemical Characterization of Particulate and Gas phase Emissions from Biomass Burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during the open combustion of biomass in the laboratory, J.J. R. , and Veres, P. : Biomass burning in Siberia andOpen burning of agricultural biomass: Physical and chemical

Hosseini, Seyedehsan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Recovery Boiler Modeling: An Improved Char Burning Model Including Sulfate Reduction and Carbon Removal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gasification, reactions between oxygen and combustibles in the boundary layer, and integration of sulfate reduction and sulfide reoxidation into the char burning process. Simulations using the model show that for typical recovery boiler conditions, char burning...

Grace, T. M.; Wag, K. J.; Horton, R. R.; Frederick, W. J.

391

A, Science Service Feature Released upon receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lipgtning. It is an elec- trical discharge, l e s s violent than a lightning flash, proceeding from pointed, but i t is aleo seeE, i n the &Fence of thunder and lightning, when rain, snow o r h a i l is falling

392

Novell Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIS Department CIS Department Novell Services If you don't see the answer to your question here, contact the help desk at 486-HELP or submit a Help Request. Novell Netware is the labs main method of providing file and print services for the PC and Macintosh platforms. Novell end user services are free and include a backed up home directory and access to all distributed printers at LBL. Request a Novell account Request a new Novell printer Request a Novell file restore (choose PC for platform and Backups/Restores for problem) Novell iPrint Accessing Novell File Services Download the LBL Netware client Novell Server Information Novell Departmental Administrative Contacts Novell FAQ: How do I login to the Novell network? 9x | NT4/2000/XP Do I have the Netware client installed? 9x | NT4/2000/XP

393

Wildlife Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wildlife Services, part of Texas Cooperative Extension, is an agency created to assist the public in managing the problems sometimes caused by wildlife. Its objectives are to protect wildlife, crops, livestock, property and human health...

Texas Wildlife Services

2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

394

US Burning Plasma Workshop Oak Ridge National Laboratory US Contributions to ITER Project (US ITER)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

US Burning Plasma Workshop Oak Ridge National Laboratory US Contributions to ITER Project (US ITER Plasma Workshop Oak Ridge, TN December 7, 2005 #12;US Burning Plasma Workshop Oak Ridge National '06 Expectations · Summary #12;US Burning Plasma Workshop Oak Ridge National Laboratory Highlights

395

Direct and semi-direct aerosol effects of Southern African1 biomass burning aerosol2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Direct and semi-direct aerosol effects of Southern African1 biomass burning aerosol2 Naoko effects of biomass burning aerosols from Southern African fires9 during July-October are investigated region the overall TOA radiative effect from the23 biomass burning aerosols is almost zero due

Wood, Robert

396

Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of southern African biomass burning aerosol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of southern African biomass burning aerosol Naoko Sakaeda,1 2011; published 21 June 2011. [1] Direct and semidirect radiative effects of biomass burning aerosols static stability. Over the entire region the overall TOA radiative effect from the biomass burning

Wood, Robert

397

Biomass burning emission inventory with daily resolution: Application to aircraft observations of Asian outflow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass burning emission inventory with daily resolution: Application to aircraft observations for biomass burning using AVHRR satellite observations of fire activity corrected for data gaps and scan angle biomass burning in SE Asia was a major contributor to the outflow of Asian pollution observed in TRACE

Palmer, Paul

398

Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa Steven Met Office C-130 within a distinct biomass burning plume during the Southern AFricAn Regional science, and P. R. Buseck, Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern

Highwood, Ellie

399

Particle and Gas Emissions from a Simulated Coal-Burning Household Fire Pit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle and Gas Emissions from a Simulated Coal-Burning Household Fire Pit ... Chinese anthracite and bituminous coals produce different amounts of emissions when burned in a fire pit that simulates common rural household use of these fuels. ... Here we present emissions from burning 15 different fuels in a laboratory system designed to mimic the fire pits used in Xuan Wei County, China. ...

Linwei Tian; Donald Lucas; Susan L. Fischer; S. C. Lee; S. Katharine Hammond; Catherine P. Koshland

2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

Evaluation of candida precipitin and agglutinin tests for the diagnosis of systemic candidiasis in burn patients.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hospitals and did not include any burn patients. However, in a study on burn patients, the germ tube dispersion...disease entities are apparent pit- falls for this test. This...of systemic candidiasis in the burn patient. Our goal was to determine...

I A Holder; P J Kozinn; E J Law

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Time-dependent inversion estimates of global biomass-burning CO emissions using Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel/biofuel combustion (FFBF), biomass burning (BIOM) andsource from fuel combustion as well as biomass burning of

Arellano, Avelino F; Kasibhatla, Prasad S; Giglio, Louis; van der Werf, Guido R; Randerson, James T; Collatz, G. James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Kleinman 2013 Biomass Burn Plan B.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

if There are Few Fires? if There are Few Fires? Fire Plan Major focus is to sample fires in near-field where there are rapid changes, with a particular emphasis on soot, brown carbon, and SOA This includes sampling other sources for contrast Urban, Long range transport Plan B Same instruments can be used for multiple purposes Year to Year Burn Variability Fire Data from FINN version 1.0, courtesy of Christine Wiedinmyer Areas are ~ 1000 km by 1000 km centered on Pasco, WA and Little Rock, AK Year to year variability in Monthly Fire Emissions ~ factor of 10. Year to Year Burn Variability Fire Data from FINN version 1.0, courtesy of Christine Wiedinmyer Large year to year variability in Fire Counts Sometimes, 2 week periods between fire activity Other Soot/Brown Carbon Sources

403

NETL: News Release - Combustion Optimization Systems - Cleaner Coal Burning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Combustion Optimization System" - Cleaner Coal Burning at Lower Costs "Combustion Optimization System" - Cleaner Coal Burning at Lower Costs DOE Joins with Sunflower Electric to Outfit Kansas Coal Plant with Lower Cost System to Cut Air Emissions FINNEY COUNTY, KS - A unique combination of high-tech combustion modifications and sophisticated control systems will be tested on a Kansas coal-fired power plant as part of the federal government's efforts to show how new technology can reduce air emissions and save costs for ratepayers. - Sunflower Electric's Holcomb Station - Sunflower Electric's Holcomb Station will be outfitted with a combination of innovative hardware and software to further reduce air emissions. - The U.S. Department of Energy and Sunflower Electric Power Corporation have signed an agreement to use the utility's Holcomb Station power plant in

404

New Computer Codes Unlock the Secrets of Cleaner Burning Coal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes Codes Unlock the Secrets of Cleaner Burning Coal New Computer Codes Unlock the Secrets of Cleaner Burning Coal March 29, 2012 | Tags: Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), Combustion, Franklin, Hopper Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 The Polk Power Station near Mulberry, Florida, is an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle gasification plant. It is capable of generating 313 megawatts of electricity - 250 megawatts of which are supplied to the electric grid. The plant's gas cleaning technology removes more than 98 percent of the sulfur in coal, converting it to a commercial product. Nitrogen oxide emissions are reduced by more than 90 percent. (Photo courtesy of DOE-NETL) Approximately half of all electricity used in the United States comes from

405

Type Ia Supernova: Burning and Detonation in the Distributed Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple, semi-analytic representation is developed for nuclear burning in Type Ia supernovae in the special case where turbulent eddies completely disrupt the flame. The speed and width of the ``distributed'' flame front are derived. For the conditions considered, the burning front can be considered as a turbulent flame brush composed of corrugated sheets of well-mixed flames. These flames are assumed to have a quasi-steady-state structure similar to the laminar flame structure, but controlled by turbulent diffusion. Detonations cannot appear in the system as long as distributed flames are still quasi-steady-state, but this condition is violated when the distributed flame width becomes comparable to the size of largest turbulent eddies. When this happens, a transition to detonation may occur. For current best estimates of the turbulent energy, the most likely density for the transition to detonation is in the range 0.5 - 1.5 x 10^7 g cm^{-3}.

S. E. Woosley

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

406

Delineation of a coal burn edge with seismic refraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal seams in many areas of western United States have ignited and burned for considerable distances underground. The boundary between the coal and clinker needs to be defined for determination of reserves. Field tests of a seismic refraction method were conducted at Kerr-McGee Coal Corp's open pit Clovis Point mine near Gillette, Wyoming. Explosive sources were detonated in shot holes in the pit floor. Geophone lines, laid on the surface beyond the edge of the pit, crossed from an area of known coal to an area of clinker. Delays in arrival times correlated with the expected beginning of the clinker zone. Waves passing through the clinker also exhibit a significant attenuation. A magnetic survey concluded along the seismic lines showed anomalies in the regions where seismic data indicated the burn edge.

Sontag, K.D.; Wolfe, P.J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Contacts for Users Contacts for Users User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m.

408

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home Contact Home Contact User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m.

409

Data Summary Report D-Area Burning/Rubble Pits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to verify that all analytical data collected at the D-Area Burning/Rubble Pits at the Savannah River Site for use in developing risk assessment and potential remediation procedures have been validated at the appropriate level. Any discrepancies or reasons why the data should be rejected for this purpose will be addressed. This report documents the data validation procedures used by Environmental Monitoring Section, Exploration Resources, and RUST Environment {ampersand} Infrastructure for Assigning qualifiers.

Palmer, E.R. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Emission factor estimates of cereal waste burning in Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Every year more than 5 million ha of cereal fields are affected by fires in order to eliminate cereal waste in Spain. The characteristics of this type of fire with intense flames are similar to those of the African dry savanna heading fires. This paper surveys the atmospheric emission caused by this process by combining results of field and combustion chamber experiments. Combustion chamber experiments show that during the flaming phase 88% of the fire exposed carbon is converted into CO2 and during the smoldering phase this percentage changes to 74%. These combustion chamber experiments also show that the soluble part of the aerosols emitted during the course of fires only represent 3% of the total particulate matter (TPM) produced, being the ions K+ and CI? the predominant ones. The cereal waste fire process can be represented by an arithmetic combination that takes into account the amounts of mass burned during the two phases of the fire: 0.90 flaming +0.10 smoldering. Emission factor estimates from field burning experiment are 137g TPMkg?1(dm) and 2.80.2g NOxkg?1 (dm). Finally, we obtain average emissions of 80130Gg TPM, 1728Gg NOx, 210350Gg CO and 814Tg CO2 in Spain. These emissions represent nearly 25% of the total \\{NOx\\} and 50% of the total CO2 emissions by other pollution sources during the burning period in Spain.

I. Ortiz de Zrate; A. Ezcurra; J.P. Lacaux; Pham Van Dinh

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

412

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

413

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

414

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

415

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services Print Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

416

User Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services Print Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

417

BIOMASS BURNING IN THE AMAZON: LINKS BETWEEN BURNING, SCIAMACHY TRACE GASES, AND AEROSOL AND SURFACE PROPERTIES FROM THE ORAC-AATSR RETRIEVAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOMASS BURNING IN THE AMAZON: LINKS BETWEEN BURNING, SCIAMACHY TRACE GASES, AND AEROSOL, OX1 3PU, UK 2: Science and Technology Facilities Council Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell://www.iup.uni-bremen.de/sciamachy/ · ESA (A)ATSR World Fire Atlas: http://dup.esrin.esa.it/ionia/wfa/index.asp · MODIS Fire and Thermal

Oxford, University of

418

Particulate matter characteristics during agricultural waste burning in Taichung City, Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural waste burning is performed after harvest periods in June and November in Taiwan. Typically, farmers use open burning to dispose of excess rice straw. PM2.5 and PM2.510 measurements were conducted at National Chung Hsing University in Taichung City using a dichotomous sampler. The sampling times were during straw burning periods after rice harvest during 20022005. Ionic species including SO42?, NO3?, NH4+, K+, Ca2+, Cl? and Na+ and carbonaceous species (EC and OC) in PM2.5 and PM2.510 were analyzed. The results showed that the average PM2.5 and PM2.510 concentrations were 123.6 and 31.5?gm?3 during agricultural waste burning periods and 32.6 and 21.4?gm?3 during non-waste burning periods, respectively. The fine aerosol ionic species including Cl?, K+ and NO3? increased 11.0, 6.7 and 5.5 times during agricultural burning periods compared with periods when agricultural waste burning is not performed. K+ was found mainly in the fine mode during agricultural burning. High nitrogen oxidation ratio was found during agricultural waste burning periods which might be caused by the conversion of Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) to NO3?. It is concluded that agricultural waste burning with low dispersion often causes high PM2.5 and gases pollutant events.

Man-Ting Cheng; Chuen-Liang Horng; Yi-Ru Su; Li-Kai Lin; Yu-Chi Lin; Charles C.-K. Chou

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 490: Station 44 Burn Area, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada (with Record of Technical Change No.1)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) contains the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 490 under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Active Unit 490 consists of four Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 03-56-001-03BA, Fire Training Area (FTA); RG-56-001-RGBA, Station 44 Burn Area; 03-58-001-03FN, Sandia Service Yard; and 09-54-001-09L2, Gun Propellant Burn Area. These CASs are located at the Tonopah Test Range near Areas 3 and 9. Historically, the FTA was used for training exercises where tires and wood were ignited with diesel fuel. Records indicate that water and carbon dioxide were the only extinguishing agents used during these training exercises. The Station 44 Burn Area was used for fire training exercises and consisted of two wooden structures. The two burn areas (ignition of tires, wood, and wooden structures with diesel fuel and water) were limited to the building footprints (10 ft by 10 ft each). The Sandia Service Yard was used for storage (i.e., wood, tires, metal, electronic and office equipment, construction debris, and drums of oil/grease) from approximately 1979 to 1993. The Gun Propellant Burn Area was used from the 1960s to 1980s to burn excess artillery gun propellant, solid-fuel rocket motors, black powder, and deteriorated explosives; additionally, the area was used for the disposal of experimental explosive items. Based on site history, the focus of the field investigation activities will be to: (1) determine the presence of contaminants of potential concern (COPCs) at each CAS, (2) determine if any COPCs exceed field-screening levels and/or preliminary action levels, and (3) determine the nature and extent of contamination with enough certainty to support selection of corrective action alternatives for each CAS. The scope of this CAIP is to resolve the question of whether or not potentially hazardous wastes were generated at three of the four CASs within CAU 490, and whether or not potentially hazardous and radioactive wastes were generated at the fourth CAS in CAU 490 (CAS 09-54-001-09L2). Suspected CAS-specific COPCs include volatile organic compounds, semivolatile organic compounds, total petroleum hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, explosives, and uranium and plutonium isotopes. The results of this field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of corrective action alternatives in the corrective action decision document.

U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

2000-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fault-tolerant grid services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service Oriented Architecture..Service Oriented Architectures..Durability for Service Oriented Architecture, by Xianan

Zhang, Xianan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods Sub Categories String representation "vehicle service ... ng shop;...

422

Support Services Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in Printing and Mail Services, Operations and Planning, Workplace Services, Internal Business Services. Additional vacancies may be filled through this vacancy announcement...

423

Microsoft Word - Deep-Burn awardee team members _2_.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DEEP-BURN AWARDEES RECIPIENTS RECIPIENT TEAM MEMBERS Advanced Modeling and Simulation Capability R&D for $1 million University of Chicago Argonne Argonne National Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Lab University of Michigan Transuranic Management Capabilities R&D for $6.3 million Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC Idaho National Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory University of California, Berkeley University of Wisconsin University of Tennessee University of Nevada Las Vegas North Carolina State University Georgia Institute of Technology Pennsylvania State University Idaho State University Texas A&M University Logos Technologies

424

Height Replacement of Selected Woody Plants Following Burning or Shredding.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for effectively suppressing w e y plants to levels which allow im- proved forage responses from pastures. Although few woody plants are killed by cool-season burns, the live topgrowth is usu- ally r e d u d to near ground level and forage production... descriptions by site. The Claypan Prairie range site is typified by. kparita soils on nemly levd to gerrtlp&loping up- lands in claw p x b i t y to small d r d n a ~ e s . ' Slopes p ubally less than f krceiitt but -On- ally inmeam to-3 m e h t . Wfls...

Hamilton, W.T.; Kitchen, L.M.; Scifres, C.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Testing of the Burns-Milwaukee`s Sun Oven  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Burns-Milwaukee Sun Oven was tested at Sandia`s Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 160{degrees}C (320{degrees}F). It heated two liters of water from room temperatures to 80{degrees}C, (175{degrees}F), in 75 minutes. Observations were also made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on operation of the solar oven was also noted.

Moss, T.A.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

TIBER: Tokamak Ignition/Burn Experimental Research. Final design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tokamak Ignition/Burn Experimental Research (TIBER) device is the smallest superconductivity tokamak designed to date. In the design plasma shaping is used to achieve a high plasma beta. Neutron shielding is minimized to achieve the desired small device size, but the superconducting magnets must be shielded sufficiently to reduce the neutron heat load and the gamma-ray dose to various components of the device. Specifications of the plasma-shaping coil, the shielding, coaling, requirements, and heating modes are given. 61 refs., 92 figs., 30 tabs. (WRF)

Henning, C.D.; Logan, B.G.; Barr, W.L.; Bulmer, R.H.; Doggett, J.N.; Johnson, B.M.; Lee, J.D.; Hoard, R.W.; Miller, J.R.; Slack, D.S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Emissions from Small-Scale Burns of Simulated Deployed U.S. Military Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Piles of simulated military waste were constructed, burned, and emissions sampled at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Open Burn Testing Facility (OBTF), Research Triangle Park, NC. ... The lack of sufficient and safe off-base waste treatment methods in the deployed environment, combined with limited numbers of waste management devices such as incinerators, have forced continued reliance on open burning in burn pits as an expedient method of volume reduction and treatment for solid waste during the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. ... (4) In response, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has published guidance regulating burn pit operations, including limiting their use and prohibiting the burning of recyclable plastics. ...

Brian D. Woodall; Dirk P. Yamamoto; Brian K. Gullett; Abderrahmane Touati

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Facile Catalytic Combustion of Rice Husk and Burning Temperature Dependence of the Ashes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Facile Catalytic Combustion of Rice Husk and Burning Temperature Dependence of the Ashes ... However, these traditional applications are of low profits, and in many cases, RH is discarded as agricultural waste, which is mostly burned in open heaps (8). ... The utilization of a vibrofluidized bed of catalysts makes it possible to burn RH at decreased temperatures (10), but the millimetric catalyst particles are ill dispersed over the RH pieces, limiting the catalytic effect. ...

Liangming Xiong; Edson H. Sekiya; Shigetaka Wada; Kazuya Saito

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

429

University Services Pamela Wheelock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Jerome Malmquist open position Business Services * Bruce Gritters September 2013 Public SafetyUniversity Services Pamela Wheelock Vice President MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS University Services Human Resources Linda Bjornberg Director open position CIO OPERATIONS Auxiliary Services Laurie Scheich

Amin, S. Massoud

430

Climate Impacts of Biomass Burning Aerosols: Constraining the Chemicophysical Properties of Fresh and Aged Particles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biomass burning is one of the largest contributors of particles and trace gases to the atmosphere. This work focuses on constraining the impacts that biomass (more)

Giordano, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Experimental restoration treatments for burn pile fire scars in conifer forests of the Front Range, Colorado.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Drastic changes in soil physical, chemical, and biotic properties following slash pile burning and their lasting effects on vegetation cover have been well documented in (more)

Shanklin, Amber

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Burning Behaviour of Heavy Gas Oil from the Canadian Oil Sands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work presents the first systematic investigation and characterisation of the burning behaviour of untreated heavy gas oil from the Canadian oil sands, an intermediate (more)

Mulherin, Patrick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating ... One wood-burning home had a boiler located in a shelter outside the house and was excluded from the study. ... The concentrations of BaP in the wood-burning homes (0.52 ng/m3) were within the range reported for an American home during operation of different airtight wood stoves (20) and for seven homes during wood burning in airtight wood stoves (21). ...

Pernilla Gustafson; Conny stman; Gerd Sllsten

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial and subsistence groups in western Uganda's forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial and subsistence groups in western Uganda biomass energy from natural forests in western Uganda. While domestic consumers use the most species

Kammen, Daniel M.

435

Application of the microwave technique for burning-rate measurement in high-energy composite materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A facility designed to determine the current burning rate of high-energy composite materials is described. Methodical aspects of processing the...

A. S. Zharkov; M. G. Potapov; V. P. Lushev

436

Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F. : Retrieval of biomass combustion rates and totals fromM. C. : Fuel biomass and combustion factors associated within global biomass burning emissions combustion factor.

van der Werf, G. R; Randerson, J. T; Giglio, L.; Collatz, G. J; Kasibhatla, P. S; Arellano, A. F

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Observations of nonmethane organic compounds during ARCTAS - Part 1: Biomass burning emissions and plume enhancements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from smoldering combustion of biomass measured by open-pathorganic species from biomass combustion, J. Geophys. Res. ,Biomass Burning Plume Origin Plume Age, Days a Modified Combustion

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Service Center  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ASSIGNMENTS ASSIGNMENTS Pamela Arias-Ortega - Administrative and judicial litigation; and personnel law and workforce discipline mailto:parias-ortega@doeal.gov Celina Baca - Research and special projects for litigation and general law group mailto:cbaca@doeal.gov Dick Blakely - Designated Agency Ethics Advisor - Administrative litigation and mediation services; and ethics mailto:rblakely@doeal.gov Jonathan Buckner - Administrative review hearings; and administrative hearings before EEOC and MSPB mailto:jbuckner@doeal.gov Sean Counce - Administrative review hearings; and administrative hearings before EEOC and MSPB mailto:scounce@doeal.gov Diana Cruz - Copyright program; intellectual property databases; support for IP issues; and time and attendance mailto:dcruz@doeal.gov

439

Research on methanol-burning, two-stroke engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In looking for the possibility of burning methanol in the two-stroke marine diesel engine, Mitsubishi decided that its investigations would be for a pure methanol-burning engine. Since ignition of methanol by the straight forward diesel cycle is not attainable, Mitsubishi decided to use glow plugs for ignition. The result has been the adaptation of the 450 mm bore test engine, at Nagasaki, with a special cylinder head carrying two methanol precombustion chambers and two main methanol injectors. Results from the tests at Nagasaki showed that NO[sub x] formation was no more than 500 ppm at full load, while thermal efficiency was at least equal to that of a straight diesel engine. A base model ship for Japanese coastal waters operation is being studied. Plans of the ship have been sent to the Japanese classification society, NK, and they include a separate methanol treatment room and storage tanks. The committee concluded that a methanol-engined ship of about 1000 dwt can be operated economically with a relatively small increase in freight rate. Lower crew costs are part of that equation, because of an expected decrease in machinery maintenance. Conceptual approval for the project is now being sought with NK. 2 figs.

Wilson, K.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

STUDENT SERVICES SATISFACTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT SERVICES SATISFACTION To perform an assessment of student services in order to inform students of services and to bring awareness to areas of improvement to both STUDENT SERVICES SATISFACTION PROJECT To perform an assessment of student services in order to inform students of services and to bring

Kostic, Milivoje M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM DEPARTMENT AGREEMENT 1. BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT AS THE DEPARTMENT HEAD, I APPLY for the CLS Retail Services in their records a Retail Services Catering Charge Form for each transaction. The department insures the original

Klein, Ophir

442

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM POLICY 1 obtain o A charge receipt o An original itemized receipt o A CLS Retail Services Catering Charge Form ! Complete the CLS Retail Services Catering Charge Form ! Obtain appropriate approval signature

Yamamoto, Keith

443

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM DEPARTMENT AGREEMENT 1. BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT AS THE DEPARTMENT HEAD, I APPLY for the CLS Retail Services Keeping: The department will prepare and retain in their records a Retail Services Catering Charge Form

Yamamoto, Keith

444

Assessment of Rich-Burn, Quick-Mix, Lean-Burn Trapped Vortex Combustor for Stationary Gas Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the evaluation of an alternative combustion approach to achieve low emissions for a wide range of fuel types. This approach combines the potential advantages of a staged rich-burn, quick-mix, lean-burn (RQL) combustor with the revolutionary trapped vortex combustor (TVC) concept. Although RQL combustors have been proposed for low-Btu fuels, this paper considers the application of an RQL combustor for high-Btu natural gas applications. This paper will describe the RQL/TVC concept and experimental results conducted at 10 atm (1013 kPa or 147 psia) and an inlet-air temperature of 644 K (700F). The results from a simple network reactor model using detailed kinetics are compared to the experimental observations. Neglecting mixing limitations, the simplified model suggests that NOx and CO performance below 10 parts per million could be achieved in an RQL approach. The CO levels predicted by the model are reasonably close to the experimental results over a wide range of operating conditions. The predicted NOx levels are reasonably close for some operating conditions; however, as the rich-stage equivalence ratio increases, the discrepancy between the experiment and the model increases. Mixing limitations are critical in any RQL combustor, and the mixing limitations for this RQL/TVC design are discussed.

Douglas L. Straub; Kent H. Casleton; Robie E. Lewis; Todd G. Sidwell; Daniel J. Maloney; George A. Richards

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Modeling Techniques Used to Analyze Safety of Payloads for Generic Missile Type Weapons Systems During an Indirect Lightning Strike  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During lightning strikes buildings and other structures can act as imperfect Faraday Cages, enabling electromagnetic fields to be developed inside the facilities. Some equipment stored inside these facilities may unfortunately act as antenna systems. It is important to have techniques developed to analyze how much voltage, current, or energy dissipation may be developed over valuable components. In this discussion we will demonstrate the modeling techniques used to accurately analyze a generic missile type weapons system as it goes through different stages of assembly. As work is performed on weapons systems detonator cables can become exposed. These cables will form different monopole and loop type antenna systems that must be analyzed to determine the voltages developed over the detonator regions. Due to the low frequencies of lightning pulses, a lumped element circuit model can be developed to help analyze the different antenna configurations. We will show an example of how numerical modeling can be used to develop the lumped element circuit models used to calculate voltage, current, or energy dissipated over the detonator region of a generic missile type weapons system.

Perkins, M P; Ong, M M; Crull, E W; Brown Jr., C G

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

446

Estimation of the minimum shielding failure flashover current for first and subsequent lightning strokes to overhead transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ATP-EMTP simulations are performed to estimate the minimum shielding failure current causing flashover in overhead transmission lines with operating voltage in the range of 66kV up to 735kV. This critical current, affecting shielding failure flashover rate, is of great importance for assessing the insulation coordination of overhead transmission lines and the connected substations. The minimum shielding failure current causing flashover of line insulation is highly dependent upon insulator string flashover modelling and, also, markedly higher than that calculated according to the relevant IEEE Std 1243-1997 simplified expression. A modification of the latter is suggested by using multiplication factors of 1.5 and 1.65 for first and subsequent lightning strokes, respectively, so as to account for the increased dielectric strength of line insulator strings under non-standard lightning overvoltage surges. Alternatively, the critical currents can be respectively estimated by using average negative breakdown gradients per unit length of insulator string of 680kV/m and 750kV/m. The shielding failure flashover rate of the overhead transmission lines, being greatly influenced by insulator string flashover modelling, is lower than that obtained based on the critical current according to IEEE Std 1243-1997.

Zacharias G. Datsios; Pantelis N. Mikropoulos; Thomas E. Tsovilis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

IMPEE PhD Opportunity Project title: LightFoot PhD A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate this behaviour. This is to provide guidance to overhead line design engineers on lightening Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal Tower Footing Resistance Supervisor(s): Dr Jonathan Swingler j.swingler@hw.ac.uk Abstract LightFoot PhD ­ A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal Tower

Greenaway, Alan

448

The kinematic and cloud-to-ground lightning structure of the 9-10, June 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An investigation of the kinematic and electrical properties of the 9-10 June, 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System (MCS), as observed by the NOAA P3 Tail Radar and the National Lightning Detection Network, is presented. This system exhibits...

Santarpia, Joshua

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

A study of the cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics during the 21-23 November 1992 widespread severe weather outbreak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correlation exists between the negative flash rate and the mean multiplicity. Maxima of the positive flash density were almost always displaced to the north or east of the maxima in the negative flash density. The effects of shear on bipolar lightning...

Carle, William John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

450

A d & ~ ~ c eService Featurg Esl-eased upon receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on an engineering basis." cal characteristics of a typical lightning flash: Peek has published the following figures and h i s contemporaries proved lightning t o bo an electri- spark, but they could not measure l , but until quite racently they could only estimate the strength of lightning. Later, men learned

451

A, SdeencQ ServicQ Feature ?' WH? THE \\*!EATHER 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Secretary, American Eletoorological Society LIGHTNING The phenomenon of lightning, most impressive of a l l and of moisture hacs i t s charge. Lightning is a manifestntion of B n O ~ O U S charges of oppoeite kind i n r e occurs, from cloud t o cloud or cloud t o earth. The length of tho flash fro:* Theso charges become mre

452

Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 490: Station 44 Burn Area, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada (Rev. No.: 0, February 2001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Corrective Action Decision Document identifies and rationalizes the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's selection of a recommended Corrective Action Alternative (CAA) appropriate to facilitate the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 490, Station 44 Burn Area, Tonopah Test Range (TTR), Nevada, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 490 is located on the Nellis Air Force Range and the Tonopah Test Range and is approximately 140 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. This CAU is comprised of four Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 03-56-001-03BA, Fire Training Area (located southwest of Area 3); RG-56-001-RGBA, Station 44 Burn Area (located west of Main Lake); 03-58-001-03FN, Sandia Service Yard (located north of the northwest corner of Area 3); and 09-54-001-09L2, Gun Propellant Burn Area (located south of the Area 9 Compound on the TTR). A Corrective Action Investigation was performed in July and August 2000, and analytes detected during the corrective action investigation were evaluated against preliminary action levels to determine contaminants of concern (COCs). There were no COCs identified in soil at the Gun Propellant Burn Area or the Station 44 Burn Area; therefore, there is no need for corrective actions at these two sites. Five soil samples at the Fire Training Area and seven at the Sandia Service Yard exceeded PALs for total petroleum hydrocarbons-diesel. Upon the identification of COCs specific to CAU 490, Corrective Action Objectives were developed based on a review of existing data, future use, and current operations at the TTR, with the following three CAAs under consideration: Alternative 1 - No Further Action, Alternative 2 - Closure In Place - No Further Action With Administrative Controls, and Alternative 3 - Clean Closure by Excavation and Disposal. These alternatives were evaluated based on four general corrective action standards and five remedy selection decision factors. Based on the results of this evaluation, the preferred choice for CAU 490 was Alternative 3. This alternative was judged to meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated, all applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the site, and will eliminate potential future exposure pathways to the contaminated soils at this site.

DOE /NV

2001-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

453

Flames in Type Ia Supernova: Deflagration-Detonation Transition in the Oxygen Burning Flame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flames in Type Ia Supernova: Deflagration-Detonation Transition in the Oxygen Burning Flame S. E of these regions can be supersonic and could initiate a detonation. Subject headings: supernovae: general a late time transition of the thermonuclear burning to a detonation wave (e.g., Hoflich et al. 1995

454

Annual Broomweed [Gutierrezia dracuncu-Zoides(DC.) Blake] Response to Burning and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENE TOWNE AND CLENTON OWENSBY The influence of artfficial mulch additions and mulch removal with fall mulch additions, and to mulch removal with fall, winter, and spring burning. Study Area and MethodsAnnual Broomweed [Gutierrezia dracuncu- Zoides(DC.) Blake] Response to Burning and Mulch Addition

Owensby, Clenton E.

455

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global warming Researchers ScienceDaily (July 30, 2010) -- Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels analyzed the impacts of soot from fossil fuels -- diesel, coal, gasoline, jet fuel -- and from solid

456

Exploring the Frontiers of Burning Science Dale Meade and the FIRE Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the Frontiers of Burning Science Dale Meade and the FIRE Team ITC-12 / APFA '01 Meeting, and it produces negligible nuclear waste or pollutants." What should we do to be ready? By end of January conduct the base fusion sciences program 2. Directs DOE to submit a plan for construction of a U.S. Burning Plasma

457

Biomass Burning in the Tropics: Impact on Atmospheric Chemistry and Biogeochemical Cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that the prompt release of CO2 to the...as the net CO2 release from deforestation...somewhat, as a fraction of the burned...formation in fires. Fearnside and...burning also releases another greenhouse...for a greater fraction of the increase...mid-latitude forest fires. Considering...

Paul J. Crutzen; Meinrat O. Andreae

1990-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

458

Experimental investigation of burning velocities of ultra-wet methane-air-steam mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental investigation of burning velocities of ultra-wet methane-air-steam mixtures Eric Abstract Global burning velocities of methane-air-steam mixtures are measured on prismatic laminar Bunsen flames and lifted turbulent V-flames for various preheating temperatures, equivalence ratios and steam

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

Design and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aircraft R1 Maximum payload at maximum range SFC Engine specific fuel consumption Sref Reference area STADesign and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial Francisco, CA 94104, U.S.A. Accurately predicting the fuel burn performance and CO2 emissions of future

Alonso, Juan J.

460

Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning emissions constrained by satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--composition and chemistry; KEYWORDS: Biomass burning, interannual seasonal variation Citation: Duncan, B. N., R. V. Martin, A. C. Staudt, R. Yevich, and J. A. Logan, Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning [Malingreau, 1990; Stricker et al., 1995; Hsu et al., 1996; Cooke et al., 1996; Justice et al., 1996; Herman

Jacob, Daniel J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Formation of Ozone and Growth of Aerosols in Young Smoke Plumes from Biomass Burning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics and Chemistry Abstract The combustion of biomass is a major source of atmospheric trace gasesFormation of Ozone and Growth of Aerosols in Young Smoke Plumes from Biomass Burning by Matthew and Planetary Sciences #12;Formation of Ozone and Growth of Aerosols in Young Smoke Plumes from Biomass Burning

462

An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world Rosemarie Yevich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and population densities influence these types of biomass burning, simple glo- bal characterizations was used in the developing world in 1985; of this 66% was burned in Asia, and 21% and 13% in Africa%, 29%, and 13% of biofuel use in Asia, Latin America, and Africa, and 41% and 51% of the biofuel use

Jacob, Daniel J.

463

TAILORING THE PLATEAU BURNING RATES OF COMPOSITE PROPELLANTS BY THE USE OF NANOSCALE ADDITIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(223 ?m) and 30% or 20% binder composed of IPDI-cured HTPB with Tepanol. Propellants burning rates were tested using a strand bomb between 500 and 2500 psi (34.0-170.1 atm). Analysis of the burning rate data shows that the crystal phase and synthesis...

Stephens, Matthew

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

464

Tailoring the plateau burning rates of composite propellants by the use of nanoscale additives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(223 ?m) and 30% or 20% binder composed of IPDI-cured HTPB with Tepanol. Propellants burning rates were tested using a strand bomb between 500 and 2500 psi (34.0-170.1 atm). Analysis of the burning rate data shows that the crystal phase and synthesis...

Stephens, Matthew Aaron

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Mercury Control Technologies for Electric Utilities Burning Lignite Coal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mercury control technologies for Mercury control technologies for electric utilities Burning lignite coal Background In partnership with a number of key stakeholders, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE), through its National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), has been carrying out a comprehensive research program since the mid-1990s focused on the development of advanced, cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for coal-fired power plants. Mercury is a poisonous metal found in coal, which can be harmful and even toxic when absorbed from the environment and concentrated in animal tissues. Mercury is present as an unwanted by-product of combustion in power plant flue gases, and is found in varying percentages in three basic chemical forms(known as speciation): particulate-bound mercury, oxidized

466

Advanced atomization concept for CWF burning in small combustors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present project involves the second phase of research on a new concept in coal-water fuel (CWF) atomization that is applicable to burning in small combustors. It is intended to address the most important problem associated with CWF combustion; i.e., production of small spray droplets in an efficient manner by an atomization device. Phase 1 of this work was successfully completed with the development of an opposed-jet atomizer that met the goals of the first contract. Performance as a function of operating conditions was measured, and the technical feasibility of the device established in the Atlantic Research Atomization Test Facility employing a Malvern Particle Size Analyzer. Testing then proceeded to a combustion stage in a test furnace at a firing rate of 0.5 to 1.5 MMBtu/H.

Heaton, H.; McHale, E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Explosive hydrogen burning during type I X-ray bursts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Explosive hydrogen burning in type I X-ray bursts (XRBs) is driven by charged particle reactions creating isotopes with masses up to A {approx} 100. Since charged particle reactions in a stellar environment are very temperature sensitive, we use a realistic time-dependent general relativistic and self-consistent model of type I X-ray bursts to provide accurate values of the burst temperatures and densities. This allows a detailed and accurate time-dependent identification of the reaction flow from the surface layers through the convective region and the ignition region to the neutron star ocean. Using this, we determine the relative importance of specific nuclear reactions in the X-ray burst.

Fisker, J L; Schatz, H; Thielemann, F

2007-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

468

Pellet fuelling requirements to allow self-burning on a helical-type fusion reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pellet refuelling conditions to sustain a self-burning plasma have been investigated by extrapolating the confinement property of the LHD plasma, which appears to be governed by a gyro-Bohm-type confinement property. The power balance of the burning plasma is calculated taking into account the profile change with pellet deposition and subsequent density relaxation. A self-burning plasma is achieved within the scope of conventional pellet injection technology. However, a very small burn-up rate of 0.18% is predicted. Higher velocity pellet injection is effective in improving the burn-up rate by deepening particle deposition, whereas deep fuelling leads to undesirable fluctuation of the fusion output.

R. Sakamoto; J. Miyazawa; H. Yamada; S. Masuzaki; A. Sagara; the FFHR Design Group

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Pollution Caused by Agricultural Waste Burning and Possible Alternate Uses of Crop Stubble: A Case Study of Punjab  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop residue burning is one among the many sources of air pollution. Burning of farm waste causes severe pollution of land and water ... Straw carbon, nitrogen and sulphur are completely burnt and lost to the atm...

Parmod Kumar; Laxmi Joshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Machining and Technical Services Service Request Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machining and Technical Services Service Request Form Clemson University - College of Engineering $35 $60 $55 $90 $52.50 $82.50 Total Labor EDM Hours Outside Hours Outside EDM Hours Priority -

Duchowski, Andrew T.

471

Machining and Technical Services Service Request Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machining and Technical Services Service Request Form 2010-2011 Clemson University - College: Hours Price per hour Amount $35 $60 $55 $90 $52.50 $82.50 Total Labor EDM Hours Outside Hours Outside EDM Hours Priority -

Duchowski, Andrew T.

472

An Account of the Effects of Lightning on Three Ships in the East-Indies: By Mr. Robert Veicht. Communicated by William Lewis, M. D. and F. R. S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1764 research-article An Account of the Effects of Lightning on Three Ships in the East-Indies: By Mr. Robert Veicht. Communicated by William Lewis, M. D. and F. R. S. Robert Veicht William Lewis...

1764-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

DIRECTORY OF HEALTH SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a centralized resource of regional health care services for persons with developmental disabilitiesDIRECTORY OF HEALTH SERVICES FOR BRONX RESIDENTS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES 2012 Compiled Albert Einstein College of Medicine in collaboration with Health Services Committee, Bronx Developmental

Yates, Andrew

474

Requirements: Date of Event: ___________ You must obtain a signed burn permit from Campus Fire Safety or Public Safety.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to obtain a permit. Open burning must be 50 feet away from nearest field, brush, or structure. The fire pit: Open burning - bonfires, camp fires, open pits, etc. Only an approved enclosed fire pit structure canRequirements: Date of Event: ___________ You must obtain a signed burn permit from Campus Fire

Royer, Dana

475

Characterizing the Aging of Biomass Burning Organic Aerosol by Use of Mixing Ratios: A Meta-analysis of Four Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and combustion conditions in determining OA loadings from biomass burning. 1. INTRODUCTION Biomass burningCharacterizing the Aging of Biomass Burning Organic Aerosol by Use of Mixing Ratios: A Meta: Characteristic organic aerosol (OA) emission ratios (ERs) and normalized excess mixing ratios (NEMRs) for biomass

Jimenez, Jose-Luis

476

Services | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Services Services The Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management has numerous and diverse responsibilities. Our ultimate mission is to remove environmental contamination to...

477

Services | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Services Services Expert Evaluations of Management Performance in DOE Health, Safety and Security The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Enterprise Assessments (EA)...

478

ORISE: Health physics services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

479

Influence of local waste burning on atmospheric aerosol properties in urban environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aerosols affect the radiative energy budget on both the regional and global scales. The wavelength-dependent aerosol optical depth (AOD) is a fundamental determinant of the amount by which extra-terrestrial incoming sunlight and outgoing terrestrial radiation are being attenuated in the atmosphere. The present study addresses the influence of local waste burning on aerosol characteristics, black carbon (BC) aerosol mass concentration and spectral solar irradiance using ground-based measurements over the tropical urban environment of Hyderabad, India. AOD has been observed to be maximum during burning days compared to normal days. Aerosol size spectra suggest bimodal distributions during pre-and post-burning periods and trimodal distributions during burning periods. Angstrom wavelength exponent estimated from spectral variation of AOD suggested dominance of accumulation mode particle loading during burning days compared to normal days. Diurnal variation of BC on normal days showed a broad nocturnal peak during ?20:00 to ?24:00h with a maximum value of BC aerosol concentration of ?14,000ngm?3 whereas on local waste burning days enormous increases in BC concentrations have been observed with a peak at ?60,000ngm?3. Relative attenuation of global solar irradiance during burning days has been found to be of the order of 30% in the visible and 28% in the near-infrared regions. The results are discussed in detail in this paper.

K. Madhavi Latha; K.V.S. Badarinath

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Cereal waste burning pollution observed in the town of Vitoria (northern Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural waste burning is a widespread practice throughout the world but there is little information about its pollutant impact. This paper deals with a preliminary study of the pollution observed in Vitoria (Northern Spain) caused by cereal waste burning. The mean hourly flux of pollutants produced by cereal waste burning fires can reach values of 1.4kt of CO2, 13t of TPM and 3t of \\{NOx\\} in the area around Vitoria. Measurements obtained in the area of emission and inside fire plumes show high ratios (NO2/NOx) indicating that nitrogen oxides emitted by the source undergo a rapid transformation in the same area of emission. Results relating to aerosol composition collected in Vitoria during burning periods show an increase in the concentration of K+, NO3? and Cl? ions, that are inter-correlated. The modification of the ionic composition of aerosols also affects the chemistry of the rain collected in Vitoria. During the burning period, it is particularly noticeable that anthropogenic pollution (usually identifiable by the correlation between SO42? and NO3? concentrations) disappears, indicating the existence of an independent source of NO3? not linked to the SO42? source. Similar results were deduced studying BAPMON data collected in Spain during cereal waste burning. Finally, we note that ozone concentration measured at Vitoria is not affected by the pollution generated by the burning fires.

A. Ezcurra; I. Ortiz de Zrate; Pham Vhan Dhin; J.P. Lacaux

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lightning service burning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Emission and transport of cesium-137 from boreal biomass burning in the summer of 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While atmospheric concentrations of cesium-137 have decreased since the nuclear testing era, resuspension of Cs-137 during biomass burning provides an ongoing emission source. The summer of 2010 was an intense biomass burning season in western Russia, with high levels of particulate matter impacting air quality and visibility. A radionuclide monitoring station in western Russia shows enhanced airborne Cs-137 concentrations during the wildfire period. Since Cs-137 binds to aerosols, satellite observations of aerosols and fire occurrences can provide a global-scale context for Cs-137 emissions and transport during biomass burning events.

Strode, S.; Ott, Lesley E.; Pawson, Steven; Bowyer, Ted W.

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

482

Transverse liquid fuel jet breakup, burning, and ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical/numerical study of the breakup, burning, and ignition of liquid fuels injected transversely into a hot air stream is conducted. The non-reacting liquid jet breakup location is determined by the local sonic point criterion first proposed by Schetz, et al. (1980). Two models, one employing analysis of an elliptical jet cross-section and the other employing a two-dimensional blunt body to represent the transverse jet, have been used for sonic point calculations. An auxiliary criterion based on surface tension stability is used as a separate means of determining the breakup location. For the reacting liquid jet problem, a diffusion flame supported by a one-step chemical reaction within the gaseous boundary layer is solved along the ellipse surface in subsonic crossflow. Typical flame structures and concentration profiles have been calculated for various locations along the jet cross-section as a function of upstream Mach numbers. The integrated reaction rate along the jet cross-section is used to predict ignition position, which is found to be situated near the stagnation point. While a multi-step reaction is needed to represent the ignition process more accurately, the present calculation does yield reasonable predictions concerning ignition along a curved surface.

Li, H.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Transverse liquid fuel jet breakup, burning, and ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical/numerical study of the breakup, burning, and ignition of liquid fuels injected transversely into a hot air stream is conducted. The non-reacting liquid jet breakup location is determined by the local sonic point criterion first proposed by Schetz, et al. (1980). Two models, one employing analysis of an elliptical jet cross-section and the other employing a two-dimensional blunt body to represent the transverse jet, have been used for sonic point calculations. An auxiliary criterion based on surface tension stability is used as a separate means of determining the breakup location. For the reacting liquid jet problem, a diffusion flame supported by a one-step chemical reaction within the gaseous boundary layer is solved along the ellipse surface in subsonic crossflow. Typical flame structures and concentration profiles have been calculated for various locations along the jet cross-section as a function of upstream Mach numbers. The integrated reaction rate along the jet cross-section is used to predict ignition position, which is found to be situated near the stagnation point. While a multi-step reaction is needed to represent the ignition process more accurately, the present calculation does yield reasonable predictions concerning ignition along a curved surface.

Li, H.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dispersion model development for open burn/open detonation sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The disposal of obsolete munitions, propellants, and manufacturing wastes is conducted at Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The most common disposal method is open burning (OB) and open detonation (OD) of the material, which occurs in an earthen pit or bermed area. OB/OD operations generate air pollutants and require predictions of pollutant concentrations. The pollutants include SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, particulates, volatile organic compounds and toxic materials such as metals, semivolatile organics, etc. Dispersion models are used to estimate pollutant concentrations given the source and meteorological conditions. However, there is currently no recommended EPA dispersion model to address OB/OD sources. Due to the constraints of existing models, a model development program was initiated under the DOD/DOE Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program. In Section 2, the authors give an overview of the model design which is divided into simple and research components. Sections 3 and 4 describe the simple component which includes Gaussian puff and analytic plume models.

Weil, J.C.; Templeman, B. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Banta, R.; Weber, R. [NOAA-ETL, Boulder, CO (United States). Environmental Research Labs.; Mitchell, W. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Interaction of fast particles and Alfven modes in burning plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we study the interaction of fast particles with Alfvenic instabilities in Tokamak plasmas, with reference to present-day experiments that exploit strong energetic particle heating (namely, JT-60U) and the consistency of proposed ITER burning plasma scenarios. Concerning JT-60U, two different types of bursting modes have been observed by MHD spectrography in auxiliary heated (NNB) discharges. One of these modes has been dubbed fast frequency sweeping (fast FS) mode. It is characterized by a timescale of the order of few milliseconds and frequencies branching upwards and downwards. The other mode, called the abrupt large-amplitude event (ALE), has shorter timescale (order of hundred microseconds) and larger amplitude. On the occurrence of ALEs, a significant reduction of the neutron emission rate in the central plasma region is observed. Such a change has been attributed to a redistribution of the energetic ions, with a marked reduction of their on-axis density. We present an interpretation of these experimental observations, based on the results of nonlinear particle simulations performed by the Hybrid MHD-Gyrokinetic Code HMGC.Concerning ITER, monotonic-q (scenario 2) and reversed-shear (scenario 4) equilibria are considered. Also an ITER hybrid scenario is examined and quantitatively compared with the previous ones. The transition from the low-amplitude Alfvenic instability saturation to the secondary excitation of a stronger mode is addressed, and its effect on the energetic particle transport analyzed.

Vlad, G.; Briguglio, S.; Fogaccia, G.; Zonca, F. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, CR ENEA-Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (Rome) (Italy)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

486

The EBR-II X501 Minor Actinide Burning Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X501 experiment was conducted in EBR-II as part of the IFR (Integral Fast Reactor) program to demonstrate minor actinide burning through the use of a homogeneous recycle scheme. The X501 subassembly contained two metallic fuel elements loaded with relatively small quantities of americium and neptunium. Interest in the behavior of minor actinides (MA) during fuel irradiation has prompted further examination of existing X501 data, and generation of new data where needed in support of the U.S. waste transmutation effort. The X501 experiment is one of the few minor actinide-bearing fuel irradiation tests conducted worldwide and knowledge can be gained by understanding the changes in fuel behavior due to addition of MAs. Of primary interest are the affect of the MAs on fuel-cladding-chemical-interaction, and the redistribution behavior of americium. The quantity of helium gas release from the fuel and any effects of helium on fuel performance are also of interest. It must be stressed that information presented at this time is based on the limited PIE conducted in 1995-1996, and currently represents a set of observations rather than a complete understanding of fuel behavior. This paper provides a summary of the X501 fabrication, characterization, irradiation, and post irradiation examination.

M. K. Meyer; S. L. Hayes; W. J. Carmack; H. Tsai

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The EBR-II X501 Minor Actinide Burning Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X501 experiment was conducted in EBR-II as part of the IFR (Integral Fast Reactor) program to demonstrate minor actinide burning through the use of a homogeneous recycle scheme. The X501 subassembly contained two metallic fuel elements loaded with relatively small quantities of americium and neptunium. Interest in the behavior of minor actinides (MA) during fuel irradiation has prompted further examination of existing X501 data, and generation of new data where needed in support of the U.S. waste transmutation effort. The X501 experiment is one of the few minor actinide-bearing fuel irradiation tests conducted worldwide and knowledge can be gained by understanding the changes in fuel behavior due to addition of MAs. Of primary interest are the affect of the MAs on fuel-cladding-chemical-interaction, and the redistribution behavior of americium. The quantity of helium gas release from the fuel and any effects of helium on fuel performance are also of interest. It must be stressed that information presented at this time is based on the limited PIE conducted in 1995-1996, and currently represents a set of observations rather than a complete understanding of fuel behavior.

Jon Carmack; S. L. Hayes; M. K. Meyer; H. Tsai

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new and improved stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel including a vertical feed combustion chamber for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack, a major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprising a water jacket for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid and for convection circulation of the fluid for confining the locus of wood fuel combustion to the bottom of the vertical gravity feed combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel extending from the laterally directed draft outlet affords delayed travel time in a high temperature environment to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air as an actively induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion and high temperature zone. Active sources of forced air and induced draft are included, multiple use and circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel includes a vertical feed combustion chamber (15) for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack. A major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprises a water jacket (14) for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid for convection circulation of the fluid. The locus (31) of wood fuel combustion is thereby confined to the refractory base of the combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel (34) extending laterally from the base of the chamber affords delayed travel time in a high temperature refractory environment sufficient to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air prior to extraction of heat in heat exchanger (16). Induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion chamber and refractory high temperature zone to the heat exchanger and flue. Also included are active sources of forced air and induced draft, multiple circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Personal Services Agreements Waivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not have the staff or resources necessary to perform this specialized service. 5. Trash and RecyclingPersonal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A2 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Services: Services include trash removal from campus and recycling for the campus community. The School

491

Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans from the Open Burning of Household Waste in Barrels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study measured the emissions of several pollutants, including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), from burning mixtures designed to simulate waste generated by a recycling and a nonrecycling family in a 208-L (55-gal) burn barrel at the EPA's Open Burning Test Facility. ... Four test burns were made in which the amount of waste placed in the barrel varied from 6.4 to 13.6 kg and the amount actually burned varied from 46.6% to 68.1%. ... This study included a survey of 187 residents in rural counties of Illinois to determine the quantity and type of wastes burned, the management of the ash, and the motivation for burning. ...

Paul M. Lemieux; Christopher C. Lutes; Judith A. Abbott; Kenneth M. Aldous

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

492

>Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring for 1995 on a One Degree Grid Cell Basis (NDP-058a) Prepared by Antoinette L. Brenkert Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290 Date Published: February 1998 (Revised for the Web: 2003) CONTENTS Abstract Documentation file for Data Base NDP-058a (2-1998) Data Base NDP-058a (2-1998) Abstract Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring for 1995 on a One Degree Grid Cell Basis. (March 1998) Antoinette L. Brenkert DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ffe.ndp058.2003 This data package presents the gridded (one degree latitude by one degree longitude) summed emissions from fossil-fuel burning, hydraulic cement

493

Water quality as affected by season and prescribed burning, Post Oak Savannah, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variation in nutrient and sediment loss via runoff is responsive to precipitation patterns, site characteristics, and disturbance. Fire is necessary for natural maintenance of most grasslands and savannahs. Prescribed burning is an effective...

Landry, Mark S

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI Aftertreatment System Chang H. Kim, Kevin Perry, Wei Li, Kushal Narayanaswamy, and Michael Viola Global Research &...

495

Modeling the impacts of biomass burning on air quality in and around Mexico City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The local and regional impacts of open fires and trash burning on ground-level ozone (O[subscript 3]) and fine carbonaceous aerosols in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) and surrounding region during two high fire ...

Lei, W.

496

Investigation of the optical and cloud forming properties of pollution, biomass burning, and mineral dust aerosols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of a biomass burning aerosol generated from fires on the Yucatan Peninsula. Measured aerosol size distributions and size-resolved hygroscopicity and volatility were used to infer critical supersaturation distributions of the distinct particle types...

Lee, Yong Seob

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

497

Climate effects of seasonally varying Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The climate impact of the seasonality of Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA) is studied using an aerosol-climate model coupled with a slab ocean model in a set of 60-year long simulations, driven by BBCA ...

Jeong, Gill-Ran

498

Practical delay modeling of externally recirculated burned gas fraction for Spark-Ignited Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION AND COMPARISON WITH DIESEL EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION To prevent the malicious knock phenomenon. Scheme of the intake burned gas fraction dynamics. In the seemingly similar context of automotive Diesel

499

Using Coupled Mesoscale Experiments and Simulations to Investigate High Burn-Up Oxide Fuel Thermal Conductivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear energy is a mature technology with a small carbon footprint. However, work is needed to make current reactor technology more accident tolerant and to allow reactor fuel to be burned in a reactor for longe...

Melissa C. Teague; Bradley S. Fromm; Michael R. Tonks; David P. Field

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

CostPerformance Analysis and Optimization of Fuel-Burning Thermoelectric Power Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy cost analysis and optimization of thermoelectric (TE) power generators burning fossil fuel show a lower initial cost ... The produced heat generates electric power. Unlike waste heat recovery systems, the ...

Kazuaki Yazawa; Ali Shakouri

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z