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1

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

2

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

3

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

4

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting Types of Lighting Types of Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:36pm Addthis When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. You have several options to consider when selecting what type of lighting you should use in your home. When selecting energy-efficient lighting, it's a good idea to understand basic lighting terms and principles. Also, it helps to explore your lighting design options if you haven't already. This will help narrow your selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent

5

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

of Lighting Types Efficacy Efficacy is the amount of light produced per unit of energy consumed, expressed in lumens per watt (lmW). Lamps with a higher efficacy value are...

6

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

7

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Characteristics of Lighting Types Characteristics of Lighting Types Efficacy Efficacy is the amount of light produced per unit of energy consumed, expressed in lumens per watt (lm/W). Lamps with a higher efficacy value are more energy efficient. Average Rated Life The average rated life of a particular type of lamp is defined by the number of hours when 50 percent of a large sample of that type of lamp has failed. Color Rendering Index (CRI) The CRI is a measurement of a light source's accuracy in rendering different colors when compared to a reference light source. The highest attainable CRI is 100. Lamps with CRIs above 70 are typically used in office and living environments. Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) The CCT is an indicator of the "warmth" or "coolness" of the color

8

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

9

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

occupancy sensors, dimmable ballasts, and other lighting controls equipment through its Energy Efficient Lighting catalog. Back to Top Appropriate Illumination Levels Proper...

10

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report file:///C|/mydocs/CBECS%20analysis/CBECS%20lighting/lighting_pdf.html[4/28/2009 9:20:44 AM] Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the

11

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Lighting Types Efficacy Efficacy is the amount of light produced per unit of energy consumed, expressed in lumens per watt (lmW). Lamps with a higher efficacy value are...

12

Supplemental Figures and Tables for Groundfish EFH Review Phase 1 Report "Federal and State Marine Protected Areas Type of Fishing Restriction"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Federal and State Marine Protected Areas ­ Type of Fishing Restriction" Author and state MPAs depicted in map figures, categorized by level of fishing restriction Fishing Restriction BEFORE AFTER Commercial and Recreational Fishing Prohibited

Goldfinger, Chris

13

Figure legends supplemental figures Supplemental figure 1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Kruskal-Wallis-test). Supplemental figure 3. (a) Survival of GFAPcre+/VHL+f/+f /VEGF+f/+f mice (n=19

Kleinfeld, David

14

Light energy supply in plate-type and light diffusing optical fiber bioreactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The light distribution profiles of plate-type photobioreactors were investigated. Light reaching individual channels of a plate module is dependent on the orientation of the module to the sun, the position of ...

O. Pulzl; N. Gerbsch; R. Buchholz

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF PDF Lighting in Commercial Buildings Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

16

Dark fleshed varieties (Bing type) in regular type, light fleshed varieties (Rainier type) in italics Sweet Cherries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark fleshed varieties (Bing type) in regular type, light fleshed varieties (Rainier type and Royalton. For more information about these and other varieties, visit our web site at www

17

Figure S.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2- Figures and Table 2.1 2- Figures and Table 2.1 Figure S.1 Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3 Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3 Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2 Figure 3.3 Figure 3.4 Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6 Figure 3.7 Figure 3.8 Figure 3.9 Figure 3.10 Figure 3.11 Figure 3.12 Figure 3.13 Figure 3.14 Figure 3.15 Figure 3.16 Figure 3.17 Figure 3.18 Figure 3.19 Figure 4.1 Figure 4.2 Figure 4.3 Figure 4.4 Figure 4.5 Figure 4.6 Figure 4.7 Figure 4.8 Figure 4.9 Figure 4.10 Figure 4.11 Figure 4.12 Figure 4.13 Figure 4.14 Figure 4.15 Figure 4.16 Figure 4.17 Figure 4.18 Figure 4.19 J.1 Lewiston Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT) J.2 Keswick Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT) J.3 Natoma Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC

18

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L1. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type for Non-Mall Buildings, 1995 L1. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type for Non-Mall Buildings, 1995 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings*........................ 54,068 51,570 45,773 6,746 34,910 1,161 3,725 779 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000....................... 6,272 5,718 4,824 986 3,767 50 22 54 5,001 to 10,000.................... 7,299 6,667 5,728 1,240 4,341 61 169 45 10,001 to 25,000.................. 10,829 10,350 8,544 1,495 6,442 154 553 Q 25,001 to 50,000.................. 7,170 7,022 6,401 789 5,103 151 485 86

19

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L3. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type (Non-Mall Buildings), 2003 L3. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type (Non-Mall Buildings), 2003 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings*............................. 64,783 62,060 51,342 5,556 37,918 4,004 4,950 2,403 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000............................. 6,789 6,038 4,826 678 3,932 206 76 124 5,001 to 10,000........................... 6,585 6,090 4,974 739 3,829 192 238 248 10,001 to 25,000........................ 11,535 11,229 8,618 1,197 6,525 454 506 289 25,001 to 50,000........................ 8,668 8,297 6,544 763 4,971 527 454 240

20

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L2. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Types (Non-Mall Buildings), 1999 L2. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Types (Non-Mall Buildings), 1999 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings* ............................. 61,707 58,693 49,779 6,496 37,150 3,058 5,343 1,913 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ............................ 6,750 5,836 4,878 757 3,838 231 109 162 5,001 to 10,000 .......................... 7,940 7,166 5,369 1,044 4,073 288 160 109 10,001 to 25,000 ....................... 10,534 9,773 7,783 1,312 5,712 358 633 232 25,001 to 50,000 ....................... 8,709 8,452 6,978 953 5,090 380 771 281

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Principal Building...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

floorspace compared by building activity (Figure 5). The two exceptions are education and health care buildings. Both rank higher in amount of lit floorspace because a larger...

22

MECS Fuel Oil Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel : Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel Figure 1. Percent of Total Purchased Fuel Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries: Statistical Abstract of the United States. Note: The years below the line on the "X" Axis are interpolated data--not directly from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey or the Annual Survey of Manufactures. Figure 2: Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Figure 2. Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of

23

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Building Size and Year  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting and Building Size and Year Constructed Lighting and Building Size and Year Constructed Building Size Smaller commercial buildings are much more numerous than larger commercial buildings, but comprise less total floorspace-the 1,001 to 5,000 square feet category includes more than half of total buildings, but just 11 percent of total floorspace. In contrast, just 5 percent of buildings are larger than 50,000 square feet, but they account for half of total floorspace. Lighting consumes 38 percent of total site electricity. Larger buildings consume relatively more electricity for lighting than smaller buildings. Nearly half (47%) of electricity is consumed by lighting in the largest buildings (larger than 500,000 square feet). In the smallest buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet), one-fourth of electricity goes to lighting

25

RADIOACTIVELY POWERED RISING LIGHT CURVES OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

The rising luminosity of the recent, nearby supernova 2011fe shows a quadratic dependence with time during the first Almost-Equal-To 0.5-4 days. In addition, studies of the composite light curves formed from stacking together many Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have found similar power-law indices for the rise, but may also show some dispersion that may indicate diversity. I explore what range of power-law rises are possible due to the presence of radioactive material near the surface of the exploding white dwarf (WD). I summarize what constraints such a model places on the structure of the progenitor and the distribution and velocity of ejecta. My main conclusion is that for the inferred explosion time for SN 2011fe, its rise requires an increasing mass fraction X {sub 56} Almost-Equal-To (4-6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} of {sup 56}Ni distributed between a depth of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -2} and 0.3 M {sub Sun} below the WD's surface. Radioactive elements this shallow are not found in simulations of a single C/O detonation. Scenarios that may produce this material include helium-shell burning during a double-detonation ignition, a gravitationally confined detonation, and a subset of deflagration to detonation transition models. In general, the power-law rise can differ from quadratic depending on the details of the velocity, density, and radioactive deposition gradients in a given event. Therefore, comparisons of this work with observed bolometric rises of SNe Ia would place strong constraints on the properties of the shallow outer layers, providing important clues for identifying the elusive progenitors of SNe Ia.

Piro, Anthony L., E-mail: piro@caltech.edu [Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, M/C 350-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

Biaxial Interference Figures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biaxial interference figures are similar to uniaxial figures but show more variety in the shape and movement of isogyres. Biaxial figures often contain only a single isogyre, which is not always parallel to a ...

Richard E. Stoiber; Stearns A. Morse

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Short Communication Artificial light at night alters delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the forest (Kempe- naers et al., 2010). Street lights disturb the commuting patterns of bats and they showShort Communication Artificial light at night alters delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction in revised form 20 May 2013 Accepted 26 May 2013 Available online 4 June 2013 Keywords: Light pollution

Nelson, Randy J.

28

Ultra-thin ohmic contacts for p-type nitride light emitting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor based Light Emitting Device (LED) can include a p-type nitride layer and a metal ohmic contact, on the p-type nitride layer. The metal ohmic contact can have an average thickness of less than about 25 .ANG. and a specific contact resistivity less than about 10.sup.-3 ohm-cm.sup.2.

Raffetto, Mark (Raleigh, NC); Bharathan, Jayesh (Cary, NC); Haberern, Kevin (Cary, NC); Bergmann, Michael (Chapel Hill, NC); Emerson, David (Chapel Hill, NC); Ibbetson, James (Santa Barbara, CA); Li, Ting (Ventura, CA)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

Growth and energy budgets of green and red type sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) under different light colors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Under white, red, yellow, green and blue light the growth performances and energy budgets of the red type and the green type sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus were studied in order to understand their adaptability to different light spectra. The results showed that the growth rates of both types of A. japonicus were influenced significantly by light spectra. The growth rate of the red type in yellow light treatment was significantly greater than those in other light color treatments; however, for the green type similar growth rates were detected in yellow, white and blue light treatments. Resulting from wasting less energy in feces under yellow light deposited more energy to growth, however, for the green type in yellow light more energy to growth was gained by spending less energy in respiration and ammonia excretion as well. The minimum growth rates for both types of sea cucumbers occurred in green light treatment. The difference in food conversion efficiencies between the red type and the green type resulted in the difference in growth rates between both types of sea cucumbers in green light treatment.

Jie Bao; Hongbo Jiang; Xiangli Tian; Shuanglin Dong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Ultra-thin ohmic contacts for p-type nitride light emitting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flip-chip semiconductor based Light Emitting Device (LED) can include an n-type semiconductor substrate and an n-type GaN epi-layer on the substrate. A p-type GaN epi-layer can be on the n-type GaN epi-layer and a metal ohmic contact p-electrode can be on the p-type GaN epi-layer, where the metal ohmic contact p-electrode can have an average thickness less than about 25 .ANG.. A reflector can be on the metal ohmic contact p-electrode and a metal stack can be on the reflector. An n-electrode can be on the substrate opposite the n-type GaN epi-layer and a bonding pad can be on the n-electrode.

Raffetto, Mark; Bharathan, Jayesh; Haberern, Kevin; Bergmann, Michael; Emerson, David; Ibbetson, James; Li, Ting

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

31

Aerodynamic efficiency of smoke ventilators in light streets and shed-type roofs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-rise industrial buildings in continental Europe have usually no or very little window area in the sidewalls. To provide the necessary daylight, translucent surfaces are fitted in the roof. Well known examples are shed roofs or curved and shed-type light streets in flat roofs. For economic reasons smoke ventilators are then integrated into the light surfaces. This paper gives typical examples of smoke ventilators installed in shed roofs and in curved or shed-type light streets. The measurement of the aerodynamic free areas on full scale apparatus is not possible due to the large dimensions of the relevant roof surfaces. Therefore, tests have to be conducted in model scale. The relevant similarity considerations for such model tests are discussed and the applicability of model scale tests is demonstrated. Finally, the most important parameters influencing the aerodynamic efficiency of typical ventilator installations in shed-roofs and curved or shed-type light streets are described for the cases without and with side wind.

H.J. Gerhardt; C. Kramer

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Buildings*","Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 4. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment Types (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incand- escent","Standard Fluor- escent","Compact Fluor- escent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,62060,38528,59688,27571,20643,17703 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6789,6038,2918,5579,1123,312,604 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",6585,6090,3061,5726,1109,686,781 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11535,11229,6424,10458,2944,1721,1973

33

Buildings*","Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Lighting Equipment, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 3. Lighting Equipment, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment Types (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incand- escent","Standard Fluor- escent","Compact Fluor- escent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,4248,2184,3943,941,455,565 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2261,1070,2068,382,101,205 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,821,416,772,148,88,107 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,716,412,665,189,105,123 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",241,231,145,223,102,60,55

34

Light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sunlight contains energy which can be directly converted into electricity in solar cells of various types. This is an example of what is called 'direct conversion', involving no moving parts or heat conversion processes. This chapter looks at photovoltaic and photoelectric devices and also at other ideas for using light energy, some of which operate in the infrared part of the spectrum. Solar electric power is a rapidly developing field, opening up many opportunities for novel applications, as well as requirements, including for storage, with one idea being solar-powered hydrogen production and then direct conversion to electricity in fuel cells. Direct conversion is not always efficient, and this chapter introduces the concept of 'energy return on energy invested'. In speculative mood this chapter also looks at the idea of a global grid, allowing daytime solar generation to be used on the night side of the planet.

David Elliott ? Pages 4-1 to 4-20

35

Figure legends Figure 1: Normalized radiance spectra of the different experimental color  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment groups. The fluorescent (red) line represents the narrow rearing treatment. The 5500K (green) and 10000K (blue) lines represent the two bulb types used. #12;Figure S4: Behavioral predictive model performance for the broad-spectrum

Carleton, Karen L.

36

Timescale stretch parameterization of Type Ia supernova B-band light curves  

SciTech Connect

R-band intensity measurements along the light curve of Type Ia supernovae discovered by the Cosmology Project (SCP) are fitted in brightness to templates allowing a free parameter the time-axis width factor w identically equal to s times (1+z). The data points are then individually aligned in the time-axis, normalized and K-corrected back to the rest frame, after which the nearly 1300 normalized intensity measurements are found to lie on a well-determined common rest-frame B-band curve which we call the ''composite curve.'' The same procedure is applied to 18 low-redshift Calan/Tololo SNe with Z < 0.11; these nearly 300 B-band photometry points are found to lie on the composite curve equally well. The SCP search technique produces several measurements before maximum light for each supernova. We demonstrate that the linear stretch factor, s, which parameterizes the light-curve timescale appears independent of z, and applies equally well to the declining and rising parts of the light curve. In fact, the B band template that best fits this composite curve fits the individual supernova photometry data when stretched by a factor s with chi 2/DoF {approx} 1, thus as well as any parameterization can, given the current data sets. The measurement of the data of explosion, however, is model dependent and not tightly constrained by the current data. We also demonstrate the 1 + z light-cure time-axis broadening expected from cosmological expansion. This argues strongly against alternative explanations, such as tired light, for the redshift of distant objects.

Goldhaber, G.; Groom, D.E.; Kim, A.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Conley, A.; Deustua, S.E.; Ellis, R.; Fabbro, S.; Fruchter, A.S.; Goobar, A.; Hook, I.; Irwin, M.; Kim, M.; Knop, R.A.; Lidman, C.; McMahon, R.; Nugent, P.E.; Pain, R.; Panagia, N.; Pennypacker, C.R.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N.A.; York, T.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Absorption-free superluminal light propagation in a V-type system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dispersion and absorption properties of a weak probe field in a three-level V-type atomic system is studied. By application of indirect incoherent pump fields the effect of populating upper levels on optical properties of the atomic medium in presence of a strong coherent pump field is investigated. It is shown that the slope of dispersion changes from positive to negative just by changing the intensity of the coherent or indirect incoherent pump fields. It is demonstrated that the absorption-free subluminal and superluminal light propagation appears in this system.

Khaled Saaidi; Bahareh Ruzbahani; S. Worya Rabiei; Mohammad Mahmoudi

2010-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

38

Transport Phenomena and Light Element Abundances in the Sun and Solar Type Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observations of light elements in the Sun and Solar type stars give special clues for understanding the hydrodynamical processes at work in stellar interiors. In the Sun 7Li is depleted by 140 while 3He has not increased by more than 10% in 3 Gyrs. Meanwhile the inversion of helioseismic modes lead to a precision on the sound velocity of about .1%. The mixing processes below the solar convection zone are constrained by these observations. Lithium is depleted in most Pop I solar type stars. In halo stars however, the lithium abundance seems constant in the "spite plateau" with no observed dispersion, which is difficult to reconcile with the theory of diffusion processes. In the present paper, the various relevant observations will be discussed. It will be shown that the mu-gradients induced by element settling may help solving the "lithium paradox".

Sylvie Vauclair

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

39

Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The lighting section of ASHRAE standard 90.1 is discussed. It applies to all new buildings except low-rise residential, while excluding specialty lighting applications such as signage, art exhibits, theatrical productions, medical and dental tasks, and others. In addition, lighting for indoor plant growth is excluded if designed to operate only between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Lighting allowances for the interior of a building are determined by the use of the system performance path unless the space functions are not fully known, such as during the initial stages of design or for speculative buildings. In such cases, the prescriptive path is available. Lighting allowances for the exterior of all buildings are determined by a table of unit power allowances. A new addition the exterior lighting procedure is the inclusion of facade lighting. However, it is no longer possible to trade-off power allotted for the exterior with the interior of a building or vice versa. A significant change is the new emphasis on lighting controls.

McKay, H.N. (Hayden McKay Lighting Design, New York, NY (US))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Microsoft Word - figure_20.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2005 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (2005 = 1.0) as published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. dollars per thousand cubic feet base year Figure 21. Average price of natural gas delivered to residential consumers, 1980-2011 nominal dollars

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Analytical Expressions For Light-Curves Of Ordinary And Superluminous Supernovae Type Ia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ordinary supernovae of type Ia (SNeIa) may be produced by the thermonuclear explosion of white dwarfs (WDs), which after their nascence in proto-planetary nebulae accrete fall-back matter and approach the Chandrasekhar mass limit. If the detonation continues into the fall-back layer and/or if the SNIa debris collide with it, they may produce a super Chandrasekhar SNIa. A few underlying physical assumptions of such model yield a very simple master formula that reproduces quite well the bolometric light-curves of both ordinary and supeluminous SNeIa. Other main properties of SNeIa, including the empirical 'brighter-slower' Philipps' relation that was used to standardize ordinary SNeIa as distance indicators and led to the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe are also reproduced.

Shlomo Dado; Arnon Dar

2014-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

42

Efficient Charge Balance in Blue Phosphorescent Organic Light Emitting Diodes by Two Types of Mixed Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The authors have demonstrated a highly efficient and long-lifetime blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diode (PHOLED) that uses two types of mixed layers. The mixed layers play the role of carrier injection control and exciton generation zone extension. One of the layers is applied for mixing the hole transport layer (HTL) and host material at the HTL side for carrier injection control. The other works as a mixed electron transporting layer (ETL) and host material at the ETL side. The optimized blue PHOLED has been shown to achieve high performance owing to the mixed layer effects. It gave a maximum luminous efficiency of 25.55 cd/A, maximum external quantum efficiency of 13.05%, and lifetime of 7.24 h under 500 cd/m2. These results indicate that applying mixed layers is a simple and efficient method that does not require significant structural change.

Hyung Jin Yang; Ho Won Lee; Song Eun Lee; Yong Sun; Kyo Min Hwang; Han Kyu Yoo; Sung Kyu Lee; Woo Young Kim; Young Kwan Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

CfA4: LIGHT CURVES FOR 94 TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

We present multi-band optical photometry of 94 spectroscopically confirmed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in the redshift range 0.0055-0.073, obtained between 2006 and 2011. There are a total of 5522 light-curve points. We show that our natural-system SN photometry has a precision of {approx}< 0.03 mag in BVr'i', {approx}< 0.06 mag in u', and {approx}< 0.07 mag in U for points brighter than 17.5 mag and estimate that it has a systematic uncertainty of 0.014, 0.010, 0.012, 0.014, 0.046, and 0.073 mag in BVr'i'u'U, respectively. Comparisons of our standard-system photometry with published SN Ia light curves and comparison stars reveal mean agreement across samples in the range of {approx}0.00-0.03 mag. We discuss the recent measurements of our telescope-plus-detector throughput by direct monochromatic illumination by Cramer et al. This technique measures the whole optical path through the telescope, auxiliary optics, filters, and detector under the same conditions used to make SN measurements. Extremely well characterized natural-system passbands (both in wavelength and over time) are crucial for the next generation of SN Ia photometry to reach the 0.01 mag accuracy level. The current sample of low-z SNe Ia is now sufficiently large to remove most of the statistical sampling error from the dark-energy error budget. But pursuing the dark-energy systematic errors by determining highly accurate detector passbands, combining optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry and spectra, using the nearby sample to illuminate the population properties of SNe Ia, and measuring the local departures from the Hubble flow will benefit from larger, carefully measured nearby samples.

Hicken, Malcolm; Challis, Peter; Kirshner, Robert P.; Bakos, Gaspar; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Caldwell, Nelson; Calkins, Mike; Falco, Emilio; Fernandez, Jose; Friedman, Andrew S.; Groner, Ted; Hartman, Joel [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Rest, Armin [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Cramer, Claire E. [NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Wood-Vasey, W. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Currie, Thayne [NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); De Kleer, Kathy [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Esquerdo, Gil; Everett, Mark, E-mail: mhicken@cfa.harvard.edu [Planetary Science Institute, 1700 East Fort Lowell Road, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); and others

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Light intensity and photoperiod influence the growth and development of hydroponically grown leaf lettuce in a closed-type plant factory system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of light provided by various light intensities combined with different photoperiods on the growth and morphogenesis of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) ‘Hongyeom Jeockchukmyeon’ in a closed-type plant factory s...

Jeong Hwa Kang; Sugumaran KrishnaKumar…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Muon Figures: 2001/04/19 Chris Waltham  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon Figures: 2001/04/19 Chris Waltham Hanging Wall 65 Looking o o ~25 S of W Fault Line r=2730 r) and replaced with back#12;ll. The grid is 1000' (#25;300m) square. p Muon Track Light from Muon Xf PSUP Impact Parameter at time Tf Muon leaves PSUP V h Cherenkov Cone Figure 3: Fitting Diagram 2 #12; ) (degrees) fit v

Learned, John

46

Microsoft Word - Figure_14_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

44 0 2 4 6 8 10 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Constant Dollars Nominal Dollars Figure 14. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-2002 Figure 15. Average City Gate Price of Natural Gas in the United States, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2002 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (1996 = 1.0) as published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

47

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Picture of a light bulb At Home and At Work: What Types of Lights Are We Using? Two national EIA surveys report that . . . Of residential households, 98 percent use incandescent, 42 percent use fluorescent. Of commercial buildings, 59 percent use incandescent, 92 percent use fluorescent. At a glance, we might conclude that substantial energy savings could occur in both the residential and commercial sectors if they replaced their incandescent lights with fluorescent lights, given that fluorescent lights consume approximately 75-85 percent less electricity than incandescent lights. In the residential sector, this is true. However, in the commercial sector, where approximately 92 percent of the buildings already use fluorescent lights, increasing energy savings will require upgrading existing lights and lighting systems. To maximize energy savings, analysis must also consider the hours the lights are used and the amount of floorspace lit by that lighting type. Figures 1 and 2 show the types of lights used by the percent of households and by the percent of floorspace lit for the residential and the commercial sectors, respectively.

48

A simple figure of merit for high temperature superconducting switches  

SciTech Connect

The discovery of the new high temperature superconductors has revived interest in many special applications, including superconducting switches. For comparison of switch types, a simple figure of merit based in switch performance is proposed, derived for superconducting switches, and then calculated for thyristors and vacuum switches. The figure of merit is then used to show what critical current density would be needed for superconducting switches to compete with more conventional switches. 46 refs., 1 fig.

Honig, E.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The synthesis of sound figures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss a novel technique to control the spatial distribution of sound level within a synthesized sound field. The problem is formulated by separating the sound field into regions with high acoustic level, so-called bright regions, and ... Keywords: Multichannel sound reproduction, Quiet zones, Sound field synthesis, Sound figures

Karim Helwani; Sascha Spors; Herbert Buchner

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Exoplanet-Induced Chromospheric Activity: Realistic Light Curves from Solar-type Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is growing observational evidence for some kind of interaction between stars and close-in extrasolar giant planets. Shkolnik et al. reported variability in the chromospheric Ca H and K lines of HD 179949 and upsilon And that seemed to be phased with the planet's orbital period, instead of the stellar rotational period. However, the observations also indicate that the chromospheric light curves do not repeat exactly, which may be expected for a planet plowing through a variable stellar magnetic field. Using the complex solar magnetic field (modeled with the Potential Field Source Surface technique) as a guide, we simulate the shapes of light curves that would arise from planet-star interactions that are channeled along magnetic field lines. We also study the orbit-to-orbit variability of these light curves and how they vary from solar minimum (i.e., a more or less axisymmetric stretched dipole) to solar maximum (a superposition of many higher multipole moments) fields. Considering more complex magnetic fields introduces new difficulties in the interpretation of observations, but it may also lead to valuable new diagnostics of exoplanet magnetospheres.

Steven R. Cranmer; Steven H. Saar

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

EIS-0268-Figures-1997.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOFJ'EIS-0268 DOFJ'EIS-0268 - PKw.2F Figure 4-L L-Lake and environs. 4-3 -- =----- 90 --m--- -m- EAST o (C.nti""ed O"figure 4.4b) AA 320 1 300 1 Fourmile Indian Grave Upland Pen Branch Brench Formation Branch 280 ~ 280 240 : E -220 ~ L 200 180 I 160 140 1 I I 1 2 3 4 5 Miles Legend: _ _ Inferredcontact Note:TO converito kilometersmultiply by 1.609 to convetito metersmultiply by0.304e Figure 4-4a. Generalized geologic cross section from Fourmile Branch to L DO~IS-0268 I t" 1 I I t 4-8 DOE/EIS-0268 I 4-60 I t t i I I DOE/EIS-0268 ,. ,. 4-61 DOE/EIS-0268 ,. ,,.':, .. ,.. , 4-62 I 1 I I I DOE/EIS-0268 4-63 DOEI'EIS-0268 ., . . 4-64 I I 1 B I I I m 1 I I I I 1 I I I m I DOE~IS-0268 4-65 DO~IS-0268 Radon in homes: 200 millirem per year Notes me major contributor to the annual average individual dose in the United StaIeS, [ncluti"g residents of the Central Savannah River Area, is naturally occuning radiation

52

Microsoft Word - Figure_14_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK DE 0 2 4 6 8 10 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Constant Dollars Nominal Dollars Figure 14. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-2004 Figure 15. Average City Gate Price of Natural Gas in the United States, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2004 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product

53

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

38 38 0 2 4 6 8 10 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2002-2006 Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2002 through 2006. EIA collects information on the number of residential and commercial consumers through a survey of companies that deliver gas

54

Microsoft Word - figure_18.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Vehicle Fuel Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2001-2005 Note: Coverage for prices varies by consumer sector. See Appendix A for further discussion on consumer prices. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for

55

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2007 (Million Cubic Feet) Nigeria Algeria 37,483 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports.

56

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report"; Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report"; and Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2003-2007 Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2003 through 2007.

57

PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

The PHOBOS Collaboration

58

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

38 38 0 2 4 6 8 10 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2001-2005 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2001 through 2005. EIA collects information on the number of residential and commercial consumers through a survey of companies that deliver gas

59

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

,833 ,833 35 Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2009 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Trinidad/ Tobago Egypt Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 111,144 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates

60

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2010 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.8 0.8 0.2 3.4 3.280 0.190 0.042 0.333 0.739 0.033 21.3 1.1 3.3 3.3 2.0 3.1 6.5 0.03 7.4 0.073 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.0 0.7 0.2 3.5 3.271 0.236 0.013 0.338 0.701 0.031 20.6 1.0 3.4 3.0 1.9 3.1 6.2 0.03 6.9 0.160 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

62

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Algeria Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2007 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 24.6 0.6 0.2 3.8 3.783 0.448 0.077 0.095 0.292 0.482 0.047 19.1 0.9 3.2 3.4 1.8 3.0 6.6 0.03 6.8 0.115 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

63

Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 14. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2010 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway India Trinidad/ Tobago Egypt Yemen Japan Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 53,122 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Gulf of Mexico Canada Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates based on historical data. Energy Information

64

Microsoft Word - figure_17.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 C ommercial All O ther States W isconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Michigan O hio N ew Jersey Texas California N ew York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Residential Indiana G eorgia N ew Jersey Pennsylvania Texas O hio Michigan Illinois California All O ther States N ew York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Figure 17. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2010 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet E lectric P ower 7,387,184 34% Industrial 6,517,477 30% C om m ercial 3,101,675 14% R esidential 4,787,320 22% Industrial All O ther States Minnesota Iowa Pennsylvania O klahoma Illinois O hio Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 E lectric Power All O ther States Arizona Mississippi Louisiana Alabama

65

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Texas Ohio New Jersey Michigan California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Wisconsin Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2008 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,668,379 31% Industrial 6,650,276 31% Commercial 3,135,852 15% Residential 4,872,107 23% Industrial All Other States Georgia Iow a Oklahom a Pennsylvania Illinois Indiana Ohio Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power All Other States Mississippi New Jersey Louisiana

66

Microsoft Word - figure_17.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin M innesota Pennsylvania Ohio M ichigan Texas New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Residential Colorado Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio M ichigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Figure 18. Natural gas delivered to consumers in the United States, 2011 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Residential 4,713,695 21% Commercial 3,153,605 14% Industrial 6,904,843 31% Electric Power 7,573,863 34% Industrial All Other States M innesota Iowa Oklahoma Pennsylvania Ohio Illinois Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power

67

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Ohio Texas Michigan New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Wisconsin Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2007 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,841,408 33% Industrial 6,624,846 31% Commercial 3,017,105 14% Residential 4,717,311 22% Industrial All Other States Georgia Oklahom a Michigan Pennsylvania Illinois Indiana Ohio Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Power All Other States Alabam a

68

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 20088 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 25.8 0.7 0.2 3.6 3.589 0.267 0.012 0.365 0.590 0.050 20.3 1.0 3.4 3.4 1.9 3.1 6.7 0.03 6.7 0.055 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

69

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Egypt Algeria Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2006 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 23.5 0.7 0.1 3.3 3.590 0.389 0.017 0.057 0.322 0.341 0.061 18.5 0.9 3.0 2.5 1.7 4.4 2.8 6.5 0.02 6.2 0.120 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids

70

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2008 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 45,772 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates.

71

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Texas New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Minnesota Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2009 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,872,049 33% Industrial 6,167,193 29% Commercial 3,118,833 15% Residential 4,778,478 23% Industrial All Other States Georgia Iow a Pennsylvania Oklahom a Ohio Illinois Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power All Other States Nevada Pennsylvania Alabam a Arizona

72

Nonlinear theory of slow light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...describes a signal moving with the speed of light on a constant background (fast...profile, propagates with the speed of light, reaches the slow-light soliton...field and propagating with the speed of light has reached the soliton. In figure-6...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Microsoft Word - Figure_15_2014.docx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 15....

74

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds ... The cheese block was shredded with a hand shredder. ... Aldehydes were the major constituent of the volatile fraction of shredded Cheddar cheese packaged under CO2. ...

Llori M. Colchin; Sandra L. Owens; Galina Lyubachevskaya; Elizabeth Boyle-Roden; Estelle Russek-Cohen; Scott A. Rankin

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

75

Calibration of Cangaroo II Telescope Using a Fast Blue LED Light Flasher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration of Cangaroo II Telescope Using a Fast Blue LED Light Flasher John R. Patterson, David L;=460 nm) LED type Nichia (NSPB 510S), which has a temperature stable light output and a risetime of #24; 1.physics.adelaide.edu.au/astrophysics/cangaroo.html #12; FIGURE 1. The LED asher/telescope with the Ramsden eyepiece #12;tted and a previous LED holder

Enomoto, Ryoji

76

Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view. Toto the Robot was created so in the back to allow the tape- recorder to be held inside, and the figure was spray-painted. With his metallic a robot, helps account for his lack of verbal charm. Second, some younger children may recognize in Toto

Indiana University

77

Microsoft Word - Figure_03_04.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Citygate dollars per thousand cubic feet Figure 3 and 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 NGPL Composite Spot Price NG Spot Price at Henry Hub dollars per thousand c ubic feet Note: Prices are in nominal dollars. Source: Table 3. Figure 3. Average citygate and consumer prices of natural gas in the United States, 2010-2013 Figure 4. Spot prices of natural gas and natural gas plant liquids in the United States, 2010-2013

78

RELEVANT SPECTROSCOPIC DATA Figure A.1: 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 25°C, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.12: 1 H NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 70°C, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.13: 13 C{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 125.70 MHz) of 1iPr #12;228 Figure A.14: 31 P{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 121.48 MHz) of 1iPr #12;229 Figure A.15: 1 H-13 C HSQC NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 499

Winfree, Erik

79

Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency September 28, 2010 - 10:20am Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funded energy efficiency lighting upgrades in Huntington, New York. Street lighting accounts for 40% of town's electric costs. Huntington estimates $151,000 in annual savings through lighting changes. Return-on-investment -- that is the phrase town officials in Huntington, New York, carefully considered before commissioning several projects to improve municipal energy efficiency. "Saving town residents money on energy bills is one way to help stimulate the local economy. So we looked for projects that would save our residents as much money as possible," said Huntington Supervisor Frank Petrone.

80

Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency September 28, 2010 - 10:20am Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funded energy efficiency lighting upgrades in Huntington, New York. Street lighting accounts for 40% of town's electric costs. Huntington estimates $151,000 in annual savings through lighting changes. Return-on-investment -- that is the phrase town officials in Huntington, New York, carefully considered before commissioning several projects to improve municipal energy efficiency. "Saving town residents money on energy bills is one way to help stimulate the local economy. So we looked for projects that would save our residents as much money as possible," said Huntington Supervisor Frank Petrone.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EIS-0023-FEIS-Figures-1979.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTM NORTM CAROLINA 2 -- r /'- 3Charlo,te Gree,v:; I, o s. \ '~ ( % SOUTH CAROLINA ".4 o " .Alkenoco'"mb'a A1l.a,to \ August. ( SRP O Macon \ GEORGIA ? Charleston 50 MI ".* / 100 Ml 150 Mi 1 \ ATLANTIC OCEAN Sov.nn.h / FIGURE III-1. Location of SRP Relative to Surrounding Population Centers III-2 --- - FIGURE III-2. The Savannah River Plant III-3 FIGURE 'III-3. Profile of Geologic Formation Beneath the Savannah River Plant . III-5 ,-, -,.. . . . . . 5 .-- -612 CRYSTALLINE ROCK . II rfoce FIGURE III-4. Hydrostatic Head in Ground Water Near H Area III-8 ~'z 'Kw ) -.- ________ Alu EN F PLATEAU ";<--'-----% \ ~//i.s,t,,7 --- I '220--- Heed in Tuscaloosa ft H20 obove me.. $,0 level - 5 0 5 10 ,5 MILES FIGURE III-5. Flow in Tuscaloosa Aquifer (Ongoing hydrographic measurements indicate that this flow pattern has remained the same under the SRP site since the early 1950' s.) 111-10 . FIGURE

82

SN 2011ht: confirming a class of interacting supernovae with plateau light curves (Type IIn-P)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......differences in explosion energy. In the case of SN 1994W...conversion of SN kinetic energy into optical light...steady SAGB winds. As an alternative to the possibility of...conversion of kinetic energy into UV-optical-IR...progenitor as luminous as Car (Roming et-al. 2012......

Jon C. Mauerhan; Nathan Smith; Jeffrey M. Silverman; Alexei V. Filippenko; Adam N. Morgan; S. Bradley Cenko; Mohan Ganeshalingam; Kelsey I. Clubb; Joshua S. Bloom; Thomas Matheson; Peter Milne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercial Building Lighting incommercial buildings. 4.2. Energy The California Energy Commission has analyzed lighting energy usageCommercial Sector on 2003 Peak Day [Source: CEC 2003 Data] Figure 9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercial Building

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Carbazolyldibenzofuran-type high-triplet-energy bipolar host material for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A high-triplet-energy material, 9?-(4,4?-(phenylphosphoryl)bis(dibenzo[b,d]furan-6,2-diyl))bis(9H-carbazole) (44DFCzPO), was synthesized as a bipolar host material for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs). 44DFCzPO was synthesized by the selective lithiation of the 4-position of a carbazole-modified dibenzofuran, followed by phosphorylation. 44DFCzPO showed a high triplet energy of 2.91 eV for energy transfer to a blue phosphorescent dopant, and bipolar charge transport properties for balanced hole and electron density in the emitting layer. A high quantum efficiency of 16.7% at a low doping concentration of 3% was obtained using 44DFCzPO as the host in blue PHOLEDs.

Sook Hee Jeong; Jun Yeob Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A1. Form EIA-176 Figure Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Form EIA-176 Form EIA-176 Figure Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1996 214 EIA-176, ANNUAL REPORT OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION, 19 PART IV: SUPPLY OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS RECEIVED WITHIN OR TRANSPORTED INTO REPORT STATE RESPONDENT COPY Page 2 PART III: TYPE OF COMPANY AND GAS ACTIVITIES OPERATED IN THE REPORT STATE 1.0 Type of Company (check one) 1.0 Control No. 2.0 Company Name 3.0 Report State 4.0 Resubmittal EIA Date: a b c d e Investor owned distributor Municipally owned distributor Interstate pipeline Intrastate pipeline Storage operator f g h i j SNG plant operator Integrated oil and gas Producer Gatherer Processor k Other (specify) 2.0 Gas Activities Operated On-system Within the Report State (check all that apply) a b c d e Produced Natural Gas

86

STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

The STAR Collaboration

87

Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Basics Lighting Basics Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:12pm Addthis Text Version There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Lighting High-intensity Discharge Lighting Incandescent Lighting LED Lighting Low-pressure Sodium Lighting. Which type is best depends on the application. See the chart below for a comparison of lighting types. Lighting Comparison Chart Lighting Type Efficacy (lumens/watt) Lifetime (hours) Color Rendition Index (CRI) Color Temperature (K) Indoors/Outdoors Fluorescent Straight Tube 30-110 7000-24,000 50-90 (fair to good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors Compact Fluorescent 50-70 10,000 65-88 (good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors

88

Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis" Independent Statistics & Analysis" ,"U.S. Energy Information Administration" ,"Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures, December 2013" ,"U.S. Prices" ,,"West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Crude Oil Price" ,,"U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"U.S. Diesel Fuel and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Price" ,,"U.S. Natural Gas Prices" ,"World Liquid Fuels" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Production and Consumption Balance" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages Among OPEC Producers" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Disruptions Among non-OPEC Producers" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption Growth"

89

Fact #811: January 6, 2014 Light Vehicle Sales Recoveries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The figure below shows the effect of the past three recessions on light vehicle sales. Of the last three recessions, the recent one had the most profound effect on light vehicle sales with a...

90

Next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections to light Higgs pair production via vector boson fusion in type-II two-Higgs-doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the precision predictions on the pair production of light, $CP$-even Higgs in weak vector boson fusion (VBF) up to the QCD next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNLO) at hadron colliders within the $CP$-conserving type-II two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM(II)) by adopting the structure function approach. We investigate the model parameter dependence, residual uncertainties from the factorization/renormalization scale, PDFs and $\\alpha_s$ on the integrated cross section at the QCD NNLO, and find that the NNLO QCD corrections can reduce the scale uncertainty significantly. By analyzing the kinematic distributions of final Higgs bosons, we can extract the $CP$-even Higgs resonance via $H^0 \\to h^0 h^0$ channel as a means of probing the extension of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs sector.

Li Wei-Hua; Zhang Ren-You; Ma Wen-Gan; Guo Lei; Ling Liu-Sheng; Li Xiao-Zhou

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

91

Next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections to light Higgs pair production via vector boson fusion in type-II two-Higgs-doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the precision predictions on the pair production of light, $CP$-even Higgs in weak vector boson fusion (VBF) up to the QCD next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNLO) at hadron colliders within the $CP$-conserving type-II two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM(II)) by adopting the structure function approach. We investigate the model parameter dependence, residual uncertainties from the factorization/renormalization scale, PDFs and $\\alpha_s$ on the integrated cross section at the QCD NNLO, and find that the NNLO QCD corrections can reduce the scale uncertainty significantly. By analyzing the kinematic distributions of final Higgs bosons, we can extract the $CP$-even Higgs resonance via $H^0 \\to h^0 h^0$ channel as a means of probing the extension of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs sector.

Wei-Hua, Li; Wen-Gan, Ma; Lei, Guo; Liu-Sheng, Ling; Xiao-Zhou, Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections to light Higgs pair production via vector boson fusion in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the precision predictions on the pair production of light, CP-even Higgs boson in weak vector boson fusion (VBF) up to the QCD next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) at hadron colliders within the CP-conserving type II two-Higgs-doublet model [2HDM(II)] by adopting the structure function approach. We investigate the model parameter dependence, residual uncertainties from the factorization/renormalization scale, PDFs, and ?s on the integrated cross section at the QCD NNLO and find that the NNLO QCD corrections can reduce the scale uncertainty significantly. By analyzing the kinematic distributions of final Higgs bosons, we can extract the CP-even Higgs resonance via the H0?h0h0 channel as a means of probing the extension of the standard model (SM) Higgs sector.

Wei-Hua Li; Ren-You Zhang; Wen-Gan Ma; Lei Guo; Liu-Sheng Ling; Xiao-Zhou Li

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

93

Microsoft Word - Figure_18_19.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$2.49 price category.

94

Metabolic Engineering of Light and Dark Biochemical Pathways in Wild-Type and Mutant Strains of Synechocystis PCC 6803 for Maximal, 24-Hour Production of Hydrogen Gas  

SciTech Connect

This project used the cyanobacterial species Synechocystis PCC 6803 to pursue two lines of inquiry, with each line addressing one of the two main factors affecting hydrogen (H2) production in Synechocystis PCC 6803: NADPH availability and O2 sensitivity. H2 production in Synechocystis PCC 6803 requires a very high NADPH:NADP+ ratio, that is, the NADP pool must be highly reduced, which can be problematic because several metabolic pathways potentially can act to raise or lower NADPH levels. Also, though the [NiFe]-hydrogenase in PCC 6803 is constitutively expressed, it is reversibly inactivated at very low O2 concentrations. Largely because of this O2 sensitivity and the requirement for high NADPH levels, a major portion of overall H2 production occurs under anoxic conditions in the dark, supported by breakdown of glycogen or other organic substrates accumulated during photosynthesis. Also, other factors, such as N or S limitation, pH changes, presence of other substances, or deletion of particular respiratory components, can affect light or dark H2 production. Therefore, in the first line of inquiry, under a number of culture conditions with wild type (WT) Synechocystis PCC 6803 cells and a mutant with impaired type I NADPH-dehydrogenase (NDH-1) function, we used H2 production profiling and metabolic flux analysis, with and without specific inhibitors, to examine systematically the pathways involved in light and dark H2 production. Results from this work provided rational bases for metabolic engineering to maximize photobiological H2 production on a 24-hour basis. In the second line of inquiry, we used site-directed mutagenesis to create mutants with hydrogenase enzymes exhibiting greater O2 tolerance. The research addressed the following four tasks: 1. Evaluate the effects of various culture conditions (N, S, or P limitation; light/dark; pH; exogenous organic carbon) on H2 production profiles of WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 2. Conduct metabolic flux analyses for enhanced H2 production profiles using selected culture conditions and inhibitors of specific pathways in WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 3. Create Synechocystis PCC 6803 mutant strains with modified hydrogenases exhibiting increased O2 tolerance and greater H2 production; and 4. Integrate enhanced hydrogenase mutants and culture and metabolic factor studies to maximize 24-hour H2 production.

Ely, Roger L.; Chaplen, Frank W.R.

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

Photosynthesis under artificial light: the shift in primary and secondary metabolism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to be used in pulsed lighting and be placed close...make them ideal for greenhouses in use all year round...environments (figure 1). The lighting industry needs to offer...and intelligence for greenhouse lighting systems. However...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit by resonant states of aluminium doping in lead selenide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...

Zhang, Qinyong

97

Microsoft Word - Figure_3_4.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001-and over WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK GOM 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T e x a s G u l f o f M e x i c o N e w M e x i c o O k l a h o m a W y o m i n g L o u i s i a n a C o l o r a d o A l a s k a K a n s a s A l a b a m a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s Trillion Cubic Feet 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Billion Cubic Meters 2002 2003 2002 Figure 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2002-2003 Figure 3. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2003 (Million Cubic Feet) GOM = Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly and Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management

98

Microsoft Word - Figure_3_4.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T e x a s G u l f o f M e x i c o O k l a h o m a N e w M e x i c o W y o m i n g L o u i s i a n a C o l o r a d o A l a s k a K a n s a s C a l i f o r n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s Trillion Cubic Feet 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Billion Cubic Meters 2003 2004 2003 Figure 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2003-2004 GOM = Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management Service. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management Service. None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001-and over

99

THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally

Jacobson, Arne

100

Figure 3-11 South Table Mountain Utilities Map  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FTLB AMMO LEGEND Gas Existing Buildings Electrical Figure 3-11 South Table Mountain Utilities Map Sewer Communication Water Surface Drainage Storm Water WATER TANK FACILITIES...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Funded by Bonneville Power Administration Expiration Date 9/1/2013 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Lighting Installation: Up to 70% of cost Provider Lakeview Light and Power Lakeview Light and Power offers a commercial lighting rebate program. Rebates apply to the installation of energy efficient lighting retrofits in non-residential buildings. The rebate program is funded by BPA and ends in September of 2010 or earlier if the funding is exhausted. Lakeview Light

102

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Customers: $10,000 per calendar year Municipal Customers: $15,000 per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8/T-5 Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $11 - $35/fixture Interior High Output Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $100/fixture De-lamping: $4 - $9/lamp Lighting Sensors: $20/sensor LED Exit Signs: $20/fixture Provider Incentive Programs

103

Lighting Market Sourcebook for the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

average home has 2.6 bedrooms. As seen in Figure 2.2, for most household room types, relative energy consumption

Vorsatz, D.; Shown, L.; Koomey, J.; Moezzi, M.; Denver, A.; Atkinson, B.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 2007 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 1 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Brian Liebel, PE, LC Brian Liebel, PE, LC November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 29 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 2 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting This is not a technology; just a This is not a technology; just a different way to quantify light based on different way to quantify light based on well established scientific findings well established scientific findings Can be used in conjunction with ANY Can be used in conjunction with ANY type of lighting design to gain

105

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: 50% of invoiced cost up to $22,500 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Replacements: $570 - $3,770 Lighting: $300/kW reduction or half of project cost Provider Columbia Water and Light Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain measures are based upon the

106

Supplemental Figures: Figure S1. Analysis of endo-siRNA targets in different microarray datasets. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supplemental Figures: Figure S1. Analysis of endo-siRNA targets in different microarray datasets. The percentage of each array dataset that were predicted endo-siRNA targets according to the Ambros dataset (Lee et al. 2006) was plotted [(number of endo-siRNA targets in microarray dataset / total genes

Bass, Brenda L.

107

Evaluation of White Light Sources For an Absolute Fiber Optic Sensor Readout System  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work done in pursuit of an absolute readout system for Fabry-Perot optics sensors such as those built both by FISO and LLNL. The use of white light results in a short coherence length reducing the ambiguity of the Fabry-Perot gap measurement which is required to readout the sensor. The light source coherence length is the critical parameter in determining the ability to build a relative or an absolute system. Optical sources such as lasers and LEDs are rather narrow in optical spectral bandwidth and have long coherence length. Thus, when used in interferometric sensor measurements, one fringe looks much like another and it is difficult to make an absolute measurement. In contrast, white light sources are much broader in spectral bandwidth and have very short coherence lengths making interferometry possible only over the coherence length, which can be 1 or 2 microns. The small number of fringes in the interferogram make it easier to calculate the centroid and to unambiguously determine the sensor gap. However, unlike LEDs and Lasers, white light sources have very low optical power when coupled into optical fibers. Although, the overall light output of a white light source can be hundreds of milliwatts to watts, it is difficult to couple more than microwatts into a 50-micron core optical fiber. In addition, white light sources have a large amount of optical power in spectrum that is not necessarily useful in terms of sensor measurements. The reflectivity of a quarter wave of Titanium Oxide is depicted in Figure 2. This coating of Titanium Oxide is used in the fabrication of the sensor. This figure shows that any light emitted at wavelengths shorter than 600 nm is not too useful for the readout system. A white light LED spectrum is depicted in Figure 3 and shows much of the spectrum below 600 nm. In addition Silicon photodiodes are usually used in the readout system limiting the longest wavelength to about 1100 nm. Tungsten filament sources may have much of their optical power at wavelengths longer than 1100 nm, which is outside the wavelength range of interest. An incandescent spectrum from a tungsten filament is depicted in Figure 4. None of this is to say that other types of readout systems couldn't be built with IR detectors and broadband coatings for the sensors. However, without reengineering the sensors, the wavelength restrictions must be tolerated.

McConaghy, C F

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

108

Comparison of the Electromagnetic Spectra of Common Light Sources: A General Chemistry Laboratory Exercise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compact fluorescent light (CFL); light emitting diode (LED). ... White LED light can be produced by mixing light from red, green, and blue LEDs. ... Students observe that the white light from a six LED flashlight array (Figure 5) arises from two major peaks and that the spectrum is less continuous than those of incandescent bulbs, but more continuous than those of CFLs. ...

Edward Maslowsky, Jr.

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount General: 30% - 70% of cost Provider Peninsula Light Company Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service. Customers who upgrade to highly efficient fixtures and systems are eligible to receive a rebate generally covering 30% - 70% of the project cost. These retrofits improve light quality and reduce energy costs in participating facilities. PLC

110

Stuttering as Reflected in Adults’ Self-Figure Drawings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This pilot study aimed to detect indicators within self-figure drawings that reflect stuttering in adults. A sample of 20 adults who stutter from childhood were given a blank sheet...n...= 20). Indicators include...

Rachel Lev-Wiesel; Ayala Shabat; Ayala Tsur

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

112

Ion beam figuring of small optical components Thomas W. Drueding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion beam figuring of small optical components Thomas W. Drueding Boston University College of Engineering Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department Boston, Massachusetts 02215 Steven C. Fawcett Albuquerque, New Mexico 87107 Thomas G. Bifano Boston University College of Engineering Aerospace

113

Correctness of depiction in planar diagrams of spatial figures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that it is possible to decide whether a given planar diagram correctly depicts the spatial figure consisting of a planar quadrangle together with its shadow in another plane.

P. L. Robinson

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

History of mirror casting, figuring, segmentation and active optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The accurate general figures for the mirrors with which one could achieve the optimum ... the beginning of the twentieth century by Karl Schwarzschild. A first design for a reflecting telescope ... dispersing len...

Lothar Noethe

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline. Outline of software pipeline that fully.1 GHz Intel Core i7 and 16 GB RAM). This strategy is implemented in the SHAPE-MaP Folding Pipeline

Cai, Long

116

Figure 7.1. Control of an alarm system. Figure 7.2. A simple memory element.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-digit BCD counter. Enable Q0 Q1 Q2 D0 D1 D2 Load Clock 1 0 0 0 Clock Q30 D3 Enable Q0 Q1 Q2 D0 D1 D2 Load Clock 0 0 0 Q30 D3 BCD0 BCD1 Clear Figure 7.30. Johnson counter. D Q Q Clock D Q Q D Q Q Q0 Q1 Qn 1 by CAD tools. Data Clock Latch #12;Figure 7.34. Timing simulation of storage elements. Figure 7.35. Code

Kalla, Priyank

117

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

118

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

119

LED Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Lighting LED Lighting LED Lighting July 29, 2012 - 4:43pm Addthis LED Lighting What are the key facts? Quality LED products can last 25 times longer than an incandescent bulb and use 75% less energy. LEDs are directional, focusing light in ways that are useful in homes and commercial settings. The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient and rapidly-developing lighting technologies. Quality LED light bulbs last longer, are more durable, and offer comparable or better light quality than other types of lighting. Check out the top 8 things about LEDs to learn more. Energy Savings LED is a highly energy efficient lighting technology, and has the potential to fundamentally change the future of lighting in the United States. Residential LEDs -- especially ENERGY STAR rated products -- use at least

120

Correct figures for Gertz, Stewart, and Khosla, ``An Iconic Programming Language for SensorBased Robots,'' SOAR 1992. interface X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12; #12; #12; #12; #12; #12; #12; #12; Correct figures for Gertz, Stewart, and Khosla, ``An Iconic S job T actuator interface Z to actuator Z from sensor Y raw data in typed data in from sensor X iconic programming language iconic programs (jobs) graphical interfaces real­time tasks subroutine calls graphical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

New types of light-weight refractory and heat-insulation materials for long-term use at extremely high temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The particulars of a technology for new types of refractory and heat-insulation materials with high porosity, which are obtained ... cellular structure of the polymer base (polyurethane foam) and using pore-formi...

V. S. Vladimirov; E. S. Lukin; N. A. Popova; M. A. Ilyukhin…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing projects in a transparent manner Potential BILIWG Figures of Merit Key BILI Distributed Reforming Targets * Cost ($/kg of H2): H2A analysis - Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 5000/6250 psi (and 10,000/12,000 psi) dispensing, 500 units/yr. * nth unit vs. 500 units/yr ? * production unit only (with 300 psi outlet pressure) ? * Production unit efficiency: LHV H2 out/(LHV of feedstocks and all other energy in) GTG - WTG efficiency? - Feedstock conversion energy efficiency? * Production unit capital cost: Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 300 psi outlet pressure

123

Damage tolerant light absorbing material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light absorbing article comprised of a composite of carbon-bonded carbon fibers, is prepared by: blending carbon fibers with a carbonizable organic powder to form a mixture; dispersing the mixture into an aqueous slurry; vacuum molding the aqueous slurry to form a green article; drying and curing the green article to form a cured article; and, carbonizing the cured article at a temperature of at least about 1000 C to form a carbon-bonded carbon fiber light absorbing composite article having a bulk density less than 1 g/cm[sup 3]. 9 figures.

Lauf, R.J.; Hamby, C. Jr.; Akerman, M.A.; Seals, R.D.

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Figure 7.8 shows the cross-sections so recovered for the connection of the SHGC of Figure 6.8.b and the termination of the SHGC of Figure 6.8.d.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30 Figure 7.8 shows the cross-sections so recovered for the connection of the SHGC of Figure 6.8.b and the termination of the SHGC of Figure 6.8.d. For discontinuous connections where there are no limb patches description (see top right SHGC in Figure 7.12.b and c for which discontinuity is caused by self occlusion

Southern California, University of

125

Petroglyphs, Lighting, and Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1950 Electricity and Magnetism: Theory and Applications.I Petroglyphs, Lightning, and Magnetism | Walker Figure 8.I Petroglyphs, Lightning, and Magnetism | Walker Figure IL

Walker, Merle F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Photophysical Properties and Optoelectronic Device Applications of a Novel Naphthalene?Vinylene Type Conjugated Polymer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 7 Current?voltage characteristics of photovolatic devices:? (a) 1:3 polymer 1:? PCBM, light (filled squares), dark (open squares); (b) 1:3 MDMO?PPV:PCBM, light (filled squares), dark (open squares). ...

Gerald Zerza; Birgit Röthler; N. Serdar Sariciftci; Rafael Gómez; José L. Segura; Nazario Martín

2001-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rossing, T.D. [Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Rossing, T.D. (Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Microsoft Word - figure_07-2014-update.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Figure 7. U.S. natural gas trade summary, 2009-2013 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 2009...

130

Figures of the World Healthcare Organisation show that stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figures of the World Healthcare Organisation show that stroke is currently the leading cause disabilities following a stroke, the economic burden and shortage of rehabilitation therapists are also developed a robotic exoskeleton system that meets the requirements of effective post-stroke upper

131

THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS35116 FIGURE 3-46  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lIb THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS3·5116 FIGURE 3-46 Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it can. The first law of thermodynamics, also known as the conservation of energy principle, provides a sound basis observa- tions, the first law of thermodynamics states that energy can be neither created nor destroyed

Kammen, Daniel M.

132

Turbo-Charged Lighting Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds... at this point. will read the data into the lighting file and clear the screen for the next calculation. The designer has access to over one hundred fixture types (expandable indefinitely). The most useful ones are displayed on the screen. The balance...

Clark, W. H. II

133

Multiparameter light scattering for rapid virus identification  

SciTech Connect

An instrument for making multiparameter light scattering (MLS) measurements from viral suspensions has been described. Calibration methods and a technique for the correction of artifacts were also presented. This measurement technique may have broad applications in cell biology in general and in virology in particular. It may be possible to use MLS to identify viruses directly from clinical specimens. 8 references, 7 figures.

Salzman, G.C.; Grace, W.K.; McGregor, D.M.; Gregg, C.T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

THE SL2S GALAXY-SCALE GRAVITATIONAL LENS SAMPLE. I. THE ALIGNMENT OF MASS AND LIGHT IN MASSIVE EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES AT z = 0.2-0.9  

SciTech Connect

We study the relative alignment of mass and light in a sample of 16 massive early-type galaxies at z = 0.2-0.9 that act as strong gravitational lenses. The sample was identified from deep multi-band images obtained as part of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey and as part of the Strong Lensing Legacy Survey (SL2S). Higher resolution follow-up imaging is available for a subset of 10 systems. We construct gravitational lens models and infer total enclosed mass, elongation, and position angle of the mass distribution. By comparison with the observed distribution of light we infer that there is a substantial amount of external shear with mean value ({gamma}{sub ext}) = 0.12 {+-} 0.05, arising most likely from the environment of the SL2S lenses. In a companion paper, we combine these measurements with follow-up Keck spectroscopy to study the evolution of the stellar and dark matter content of early-type galaxies as a function of cosmic time.

Gavazzi, Raphaeel; Brault, Florence [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS-Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis bd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Treu, Tommaso; Marshall, Philip J. [Physics Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Ruff, Andrea [School of Physics, Astrophysics, University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010, Victoria (Australia)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

135

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

136

Light Portal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Light Portal was designed to organize and mark the pedestrian paths that circumnavigate the rectangle of the...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent products to provide a similar amount of light. They also last about 10 times longer (7,000-24,000 hours). The two general types of fluorescent lamps are: Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) -- commonly found with integral ballasts and screw bases, these are popular lamps often used in household fixtures Fluorescent tube and circline lamps -- typically used for task lighting such as garages and under cabinet fixtures, and for lighting large areas in commercial buildings. CFLs CFLs combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent fixtures. CFLs fit most fixtures

138

Light's twist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...equal to the optical power divided by the speed of light, and hence go unnoticed in our everyday lives...approaching object equal to the power in the light beam (P) divided by the speed of light. The movement of the approaching object does...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190.nasa.gov #12;The speed of light The speed of light `c' is equal to the frequency ` times the wavelength,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

140

[FIGURE] FIG 0.0 ELEPHANTS AND ETHICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[FIGURE] FIG 0.0 ELEPHANTS AND ETHICS 1.Wemmer,Elephants and Ethics 2/1/08 2:22 PM Page i #12;1.Wemmer,Elephants and Ethics 2/1/08 2:22 PM Page ii #12;Edited by CHRISTEN WEMMER AND CATHERINE A. CHRISTEN ELEPHANTS AND ETHICS TOWARD A MORALITY OF COEXISTENCE Foreword by John Seidensticker THE JOHNS

Hardin, Rebecca D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purple LED lamp Purple LED lamp Lighting Systems Lighting research is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes across the nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research falls into four main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems, Controls and Communications, and Human Factors. Contacts Francis Rubinstein FMRubinstein@lbl.gov (510) 486-4096 Links Lighting Research Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

142

Hybrid powertrain for light aircraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate the possibility of employing a hybrid powertrain to propel a light aircraft. The work suggests that the incorporation of a hybrid powertrain has little effect on fuel consumption for a light aircraft operating in a condition of straight and level cruise. However, there is a potential decrease in fuel consumption when a light aircraft operates either in climb or when manoeuvring over a conventionally powered aircraft. This is due to three main factors, namely, the energy harvested during descent by a windmilling propeller, the engine being switched off during descent and the fact that the air/fuel mixture does not have to be enriched during climbing phases. Estimating the potential fuel savings is obviously mission dependent, however, an unshrouded propeller could harvest enough energy to provide 39% of the excess power required for climbing. This figure could be significantly increased by use of a shrouded propeller.

John Olsen; John R. Page

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Lighting Renovations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

144

Cerenkov Light  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

Slifer, Karl

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

Figure 1: IPA symbols [wikipedia]. Unvoiced Consonants Voiced Consonants Vowels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1: IPA symbols [wikipedia]. Unvoiced Consonants Voiced Consonants Vowels Example Dbet IPA/at H û Example Dbet IPA /th/is D D /b/ee b b /d/og d d /g/ab g g /j/udge J � /l/ook l l /m/an m m /n/ap n n /r/eal r r plea/s/ure Z Z si/ng/ G N /v/ow v v /w/in w w /y/ou y j /z/oo z z Example Dbet IPA L

Allen, Jont

146

Transition of light propagation from slow light to superluminal light in a four-level system  

SciTech Connect

We offer a general treatment of electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT) in a four-level system consisting of a ladder-type system and a V-type system through which a two-coupling light generates two pairs of dressed states that help to improve susceptibility so that a much slower light speed can be achieved than with the standard V-type system. In particular, a method is shown to realize the transition of light propagation from slower-than-c to faster-c by means of the pump between two lower states.

Wu Hao; Zhang Yundong; Liu Shuangqiang; Wang Jinfang; Dang Boshi; Yuan Ping [National Key Laboratory of Tunable Laser Technology, Institute of Optoelectronics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Northern Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern Lights Northern Lights Nature Bulletin No. 178-A February 6, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NORTHERN LIGHTS To a person seeing the Aurora Borealis or "northern lights" for the first time, it is an uncanny awe-inspiring spectacle. Sometimes it begins as a glow of red on the northern horizon, ominously suggesting a great fire, gradually changing to a curtain of violet-white, or greenish-yellow light extending from east to west. Some times this may be transformed to appear as fold upon fold of luminous draperies that march majestically across the sky; sometimes as a vast multitude of gigantic flaming swords furiously slashing at the heavens; sometimes as a flowing crown with long undulating colored streamers fanning downward and outward.

148

A Flavin Binding Cryptochrome Photoreceptor Responds to Both Blue and Red Light in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...TCEP, Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine|LED, light-emitting diode|qPCR, quantitative PCR|FWHM, full width at...The samples were exposed to blue light from a light-emitting diode (LED) with an output at 455 nm (Figure 5A...

Benedikt Beel; Katja Prager; Meike Spexard; Severin Sasso; Daniel Weiss; Nico Müller; Mark Heinnickel; David Dewez; Danielle Ikoma; Arthur R. Grossman; Tilman Kottke; Maria Mittag

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

149

History Overview of Solid-State Lighting - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Documents Archive | CONDENSED HISTORY OF LIGHTING Figure courtesy of Jeff Tsao; a version of this figure was published in IEEE Circuits and Devices Vol 20, No 3, pp 28-37, May/June, 2004 Lighting technologies are substitutes for sunlight in the 425-675 nm spectral region where sunlight is most concentrated and to which the human eye has evolved to be most sensitive. The history of lighting can be viewed as the development of increasingly efficient technologies for creating visible light inside, but not wasted light outside, of that spectral region. A 200-year perspective on that history is shown in the figure above. The left axis indicates luminous efficacy, in units of lumens (a measure of light which factors in the human visual response to various wavelengths) per watt. The right axis indicates the corresponding power-conversion efficiency for a tri-LED tri-color white light source with moderate color rendering (CRI=80) and relatively warm color temperature (CCT=3900K). For such a source, 400lm/W would correspond to 100% power-conversion efficiency.

150

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

151

Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

E866 NuSea Collaboration

152

Figure 1. Rapidly wilting black walnut in the final stage of thousand cankers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Chihuahua, Mexico (Figure 3). This range appears to coincide largely with the distribution of Arizona walnut

153

Morning Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morning Light Morning Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Morning Light Facility Morning Light Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MidAmerican Energy Developer Clipper Windpower Development Company Energy Purchaser MidAmerican Energy Location Casey IA Coordinates 41.44819506°, -94.58280087° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.44819506,"lon":-94.58280087,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

154

The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z than a similar material which has only a single valleyL-49 The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit D. M A comparison is drawn between the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of a multivalleyed semiconductor

Boyer, Edmond

155

When to Turn Off Your Lights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When to Turn Off Your Lights When to Turn Off Your Lights When to Turn Off Your Lights August 30, 2012 - 7:53pm Addthis The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of lights and the price of electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/kyoshino. The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of lights and the price of electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/kyoshino. What does this mean for me? The type of lights and the price of electricity determine whether it's best to turn lights off when you leave a room. Consider using sensors, timers, and other automatic lighting controls. The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of bulb and the cost of electricity. The type of lightbulb you use is

156

When to Turn Off Your Lights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When to Turn Off Your Lights When to Turn Off Your Lights When to Turn Off Your Lights August 30, 2012 - 7:53pm Addthis The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of lights and the price of electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/kyoshino. The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of lights and the price of electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/kyoshino. What does this mean for me? The type of lights and the price of electricity determine whether it's best to turn lights off when you leave a room. Consider using sensors, timers, and other automatic lighting controls. The cost effectiveness of when to turn off lights depends on the type of bulb and the cost of electricity. The type of lightbulb you use is

157

BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

158

Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions LED Lighting Facts LED lighting facts - A Program of the U.S. DOE DOE's LED Lighting Facts® program showcases LED products for general

159

Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate 70% of project cost Program Info State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Retrofit Lighting: $3 - $400 per unit New Construction Lighting: $10 - $50 per unit Provider Flathead Electric Cooperative Flathead Electric Cooperative, in conjunction with Bonneville Power Administration, encourages energy efficiency in the commercial sector by providing a commercial lighting retro-fit rebate program and a new

160

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Starting with the programs contributing the greatest proportion of building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency should next determine which building types operated by those programs use the most energy (Figure 1). Energy intensity is evaluated instead of emissions in this approach because programs may not have access to emissions data by building type.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Adjoint-Based Implicit Uncertainty Analysis for Figures of Merit in a Laser Inertial Fusion Engine  

SciTech Connect

A primary purpose of computational models is to inform design decisions and, in order to make those decisions reliably, the confidence in the results of such models must be estimated. Monte Carlo neutron transport models are common tools for reactor designers. These types of models contain several sources of uncertainty that propagate onto the model predictions. Two uncertainties worthy of note are (1) experimental and evaluation uncertainties of nuclear data that inform all neutron transport models and (2) statistical counting precision, which all results of a Monte Carlo codes contain. Adjoint-based implicit uncertainty analyses allow for the consideration of any number of uncertain input quantities and their effects upon the confidence of figures of merit with only a handful of forward and adjoint transport calculations. When considering a rich set of uncertain inputs, adjoint-based methods remain hundreds of times more computationally efficient than Direct Monte-Carlo methods. The LIFE (Laser Inertial Fusion Energy) engine is a concept being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Various options exist for the LIFE blanket, depending on the mission of the design. The depleted uranium hybrid LIFE blanket design strives to close the fission fuel cycle without enrichment or reprocessing, while simultaneously achieving high discharge burnups with reduced proliferation concerns. Neutron transport results that are central to the operation of the design are tritium production for fusion fuel, fission of fissile isotopes for energy multiplication, and production of fissile isotopes for sustained power. In previous work, explicit cross-sectional uncertainty analyses were performed for reaction rates related to the figures of merit for the depleted uranium hybrid LIFE blanket. Counting precision was also quantified for both the figures of merit themselves and the cross-sectional uncertainty estimates to gauge the validity of the analysis. All cross-sectional uncertainties were small (0.1-0.8%), bounded counting uncertainties, and were precise with regard to counting precision. Adjoint/importance distributions were generated for the same reaction rates. The current work leverages those adjoint distributions to transition from explicit sensitivities, in which the neutron flux is constrained, to implicit sensitivities, in which the neutron flux responds to input perturbations. This treatment vastly expands the set of data that contribute to uncertainties to produce larger, more physically accurate uncertainty estimates.

Seifried, J E; Fratoni, M; Kramer, K J; Latkowski, J F; Peterson, P F; Powers, J J; Taylor, J M

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

162

Energy Conversion: Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and global climate change. Historically, electric light bulbs have been of the incandescent type. Although this technology was developed more than 100 years ago, it is still in use today. Incandescent light bulbs operate, which allows the bulb to operate at a higher temperature. However, the efficiency of incandescent light

163

Light's twist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK An invited Perspective to mark the election of Miles Padgett to the fellowship of the Royal Society in 2014. That...energy and momentum flow within light beams can twist to form vortices such as eddies in a stream. These...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Springfield Utility Board - Energy Smart Lighting Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Springfield Utility Board - Energy Smart Lighting Program Springfield Utility Board - Energy Smart Lighting Program Springfield Utility Board - Energy Smart Lighting Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Lighting Replacement: $1,500 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Incentives are based upon three programs offered by SUB: New Construction Lighting: $10 - $50/light fixture Commercial Lighting Replacement: $3 - $100 Commercial Lighting Implementation: not specified Energy Smart Design Office: $0.50 per square foot Provider Springfield Utility Board The Springfield Utility Board (SUB) works with their commercial customers

165

Duquesne Light Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duquesne Light Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Duquesne Light Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program Duquesne Light Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Varies Lighting: Varies widely by type Controls and Sensors: $10-$75 VFD for Chilled Water Loop $150/hp VFD for HVAC Fans: $80/hp Packaged Terminal AC: $45-$75/ton Food Service Equipment: Varies widely by type Refrigeration Equipment: Varies widely by type

166

Texas Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electric lighting electric lighting The SNAP House's lighting design aims for elegant simplicity in concept, use, and maintenance. Throughout the house, soft, ambient light is juxtaposed with bright, direct task lighting. All ambient and most task lighting is integrated directly into the architectural design of the house. An accent light wall between the bedroom and bathroom provides a glowing light for nighttime navigation.

167

Poudre Valley REA - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) Poudre Valley REA - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Lighting Retrofit: 50% of equipment cost, $20,000 LED Street Lighting/Induction Street Lighting: $20,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount LED Refrigerated Case Lighting (Top Lighting): $60 per ln ft LED Refrigerated Case Lighting (Case Lighting): $60 per door LED Street Lighting: $44 - $475 per fixture Induction Street Lighting: $33 - $355 per fixture Commercial Lighting Retrofit: $250 per kW saved Provider Poudre Valley REA Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association (PVREA), a Touchstone Energy

168

figures for inverse problem paper in 3d - Department of Mathematics ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIGURES FOR INVERSE PROBLEM PAPER IN 3D. JUAN E. SANTOS. Departamento de Geof sica Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Astron omicas y Geof sicas,.

santos

1910-20-20T23:59:59.000Z

169

Advanced Light Source Activity Report 1997/1998  

SciTech Connect

This Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Advanced Light Source (ALS) activity report for 1997/98 discusses the following topics: Introduction and Overview; Science Highlights; Facility Report; Special Events; ALS Advisory Panels 1997/98; ALS Staff 1997/98 and Facts and Figures for the year.

Greiner, Annette (ed.)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Profile Lighting Equipment - Type and Characteristics of Equipment Emits Found In Incandescent Incandescent Light Bulb Produces light by electrically heating a tungsten filament Includes energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, such as Reflector or R-Lamps (accent and task lighting), Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) lamps (flood and spot lighting), and Ellipsoidal Reflector (ER) lamps (recessed lighting) Highly inefficient because much of the energy is lost as heat 14-18 Lumens Per Watt (LPW) 14% of Lit Commercial Floorspace Standard Fluorescent Lighting with Magnetic Ballast Standard Fluorescent with Magnetic Ballast Produces light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, causing the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce

171

Sulfur Lamps-The Next Generation of Efficient Light?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Sulfur Lamps-The Next Generation of Efficient Light? The figure above is a schematic of the system installed at the National Air and Space Museum and the DOE headquarters in Washington, D.C., Light from the sulfur lamp is focused by a parabolic reflector so that it enters the light pipe within a small angular cone. Light travels down the pipe, reflecting off the prismatic film (A) that lines the outer acrylic tube. The prismatic film reflects the light through total internal reflection (C), an intrinsically efficient process. Some of the light striking the film (at A) is not reflected and "leaks out" of the pipe walls (B), giving the pipe a glowing appearance. A light ray that travels all the way down the pipe will strike the mirror at the end (D) and return back up the pipe.

172

Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 1 4 3 48 23 30 10 Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards Numbers represent active grants as at 1 October 2013 Figure 2. Technology Transfer award Transfer funding division. In the 2012/13 financial year Technology Transfer approved awards worth a total

Rambaut, Andrew

173

23 Figure 3.1: Color transition from purple/maroon argillites into bright red  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;23 Figure 3.1: Color transition from purple/maroon argillites into bright red argillites. This transition weathering, possibly sideritic layer in the lower part of the picture. The fine grained overlying red Island Section, lower maroon and purple part in red unit (level: 9 meter; Figure 3.3); south shore Gull

Kidd, William S. F.

174

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluctuations and Global Events 14E Roberts, Energy in US DOE: 2011 Vehicle Technology Market Report #12;Figure 15: Effect of Oil Prices on US Economy 15E Roberts, Energy in US DOE: 2011 Vehicle Technology MarketFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12

Sutton, Michael

175

TTRDC - Light Duty E-Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models. Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne's Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 3 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 4 shows HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price..

176

Lighting Test Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Custom Projects Lighting Test Facilities SSL Guidelines Industrial Federal Agriculture LED Street and Area Lighting Field Test of Exterior LED Down Lights Abstract Outdoor...

177

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

178

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type October 7, 2013 - 10:51am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Starting with the programs contributing the greatest proportion of building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency should next determine which building types operated by those programs use the most energy (Figure 1). Energy intensity is evaluated instead of emissions in this approach because programs may not have access to emissions data by building type. Figure 1 - An image of an organizational-type chart. A rectangle labeled 'Program 1' has lines pointing to three other rectangles below it labeled 'Building Type 1,' 'Building Type 2,' and 'Building Type 3.' Next to the building types it says, 'Step 2. Estimate emissions by building type.

179

Light Bodies: Exploring Interactions with Responsive Lights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reinterpretation of street lighting. Before fixed infrastructure illuminated cities at night, people carried Urban street lighting today is a networked, fixed infrastructure that relies on the electrical grid. WeLight Bodies: Exploring Interactions with Responsive Lights Susanne Seitinger MIT Media Laboratory

Hunt, Galen

180

Figure 1. Time-of-Flight (TOF) versus light output (L) of CsI:Tl to He+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the difference in curvature and dispersive of the data. EMSL Research and Capability Development Proposals applications in the field of astronomy, medical physics, high-energy nuclear physics, non-destructive evaluation, non-proliferation, and national security. Stringent requirements involving nuclear proliferation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Blood Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcast Transcript: According to the Japanese, you can tell a lot about a person by their blood type: Type A is the farmer, calm and responsible; Type B is the hunter, independent and creative; Type AB is humanistic, ...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

182

Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building Title Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6171E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Fernandes, Luis L., Eleanor S. Lee, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, and Andrew McNeil Journal Energy and Buildings Volume 68 Issue A Pagination 498-514 Date Published 01/2014 Keywords Building energy-efficiency, daylighting, lighting control systems Abstract Digital addressable, dimmable lighting controls were introduced to the US market in the early 2000s with the promise of facilitating capture of potential energy savings with greater flexibility over their historic, typically unreliable, analog counterpart. The New York Times Company installed this emerging technology, after having tested the system thoroughly prior to procurement, in their new building in New York, New York. Four years after full occupancy in 2007, the owner agreed to participate in a post-occupancy monitored evaluation of the dimmable lighting system to verify actual performance in the field. Annual lighting energy savings from daylighting, setpoint tuning and occupancy controls were determined for the daylit, open-plan office areas on three typical floors (6, 11, and 20th floors) of the 51-story high-rise tower. Energy savings were calculated from ballast control signal and occupancy data recorded by the manufacturer's lighting control system. The ballast data were calibrated with independent measurements of lighting energy consumption. Savings from dimming controls (daylighting and setpoint tuning) were 12.6 kWh/m2-yr (1.17 kWh/ft2-yr) for the daylit spaces on the three floors overall, or 20%, relative to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. Compared to the prescriptive code in effect at the time of the building's construction (ASHRAE 90.1-2001), savings were 21.0 kWh/m2-yr (1.95 kWh/ft2-yr) or 28%. Annual lighting energy use with all lighting control strategies was 33.9 kWh/m2-yr (3.15 kWh/ft2-yr) in the daylit, open plan zones on average for the three floors. A simple payback analysis was conducted.

183

Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Lighting When you're shopping for lightbulbs, compare lumens and use the Lighting Facts label to be sure you're getting the amount of light, or level of brightness, you want. You can save money and energy while lighting your home and still maintaining good light quantity and quality. Consider energy-efficient lighting options to use the same amount of light for less money. Learn strategies for comparing and buying lighting products and using them efficiently. Featured Lighting Choices to Save You Money Light your home for less money while using the same amount of light. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home.

184

Lakeview Light and Power - Energy Smart Grocer Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lakeview Light and Power - Energy Smart Grocer Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Energy Smart Grocer Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Energy Smart Grocer Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Other Program Info Funding Source Lakeview Light and Power and Bonneville Power Administration State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by technology Provider Lakeview Light and Power Lakeview Light and Power, in association with the Bonneville Power Administration, offers the Energy Smart Program through which grocery

185

Image Recognition System for Automated Lighting Retrofit Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and K. Baugh, ?Spectral Identification of Lighting Type and Character,? Sensors, vol. 10, pp. 3961-3988, 2010. (3) L. Halonen, E. Tetri, and P. Bhusal, ?Guidebook on Energy Efficient Electric Lighting for Buildings,? Espoo, Finland: Dept. Elect. Eng...

Venable, K.; Bhatia, D.; Coverick, R.; Gutierrez, C.; Knight, J.; McGarry, D.; McGee, K.; Smith, Z.; Terrill, T. J.; Vanderford, B.; Weiser, R.; Wightman, K.; Rasmussen, B. P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Dynamic Organic Light Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organic Light Inc Organic Light Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dynamic Organic Light, Inc. Place Longmont, Colorado Zip 80503 Product Dynamic Organic Light is a VC/PE backed company that engages in R&D and licensing of materials for OLED displays and lights. Coordinates 40.16394°, -105.100504° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.16394,"lon":-105.100504,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

187

Moon Solar Light MSL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Moon Solar Light MSL Moon Solar Light MSL Jump to: navigation, search Name Moon Solar Light (MSL) Place Rehovot, Israel Zip 76122 Sector Solar Product developed and distributes solar-based lighting applications using PV panels, LED lights and ultra-capacitors. Coordinates 31.899309°, 34.807999° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.899309,"lon":34.807999,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

188

ATS Lighting Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ATS Lighting Inc ATS Lighting Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name ATS Lighting Inc Address PO Box 1383 Place Concord, Massachusetts Zip 01742 Sector Efficiency Product Effienct lighting and portable lighting systems Website http://www.atslighting.com/ Coordinates 42.4527187°, -71.3705616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4527187,"lon":-71.3705616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet | MIT-Harvard...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet May 15, 2014 at 2pm36-428 Marco Polini NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa MarcoPolini...

190

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Speaker(s): Mehlika Inanici Date: July 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney Virtual Lighting Laboratory is a Radiance-based lighting analysis tool and methodology that proposes transformations in the utilization of computer visualization in lighting analysis and design decision-making. It is a computer environment, where the user has been provided with matrices of illuminance and luminance values extracted from high dynamic range images. The principal idea is to provide the laboratory to the designer and researcher to explore various lighting analysis techniques instead of imposing limited number of predetermined metrics. In addition, it introduces an analysis approach for temporal and spatial lighting

191

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Plots and Figures  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

ARM Program data is available in daily diagnostic plots that can be easily grouped into daily, weekly, monthly, and even yearly increments. By visualizing ARM data in thumbnail-sized data plots, users experience highly-browsable subsets of data available at the Data Archive including complimentary data products derived from data processed by ARM. These thumbnails allow users to quickly scan for a particular type of condition, like a clear day or a day with persistent cirrus. From a diagnostics perspective, the data plots assist in looking for missing data, for data exceeding a particular range, or for loading multiple variables (e.g., shortwave fluxes and precipitation), and to determine whether a certain science or data quality condition is associated with some other parameter (e.g., high wind or rain).[taken from http://www.arm.gov/data/data_plots.stm] Several interfaces and tools have been developed to make data plots easy to generate and manipulate. For example, the NCVWeb is an interactive NetCDF data plotting tool that ARM users can use to plot data as they order it or to plot regular standing data orders. It allows production of detailed tables, extraction of data, statistics output, comparison plotting, etc. without the need for separate visualization software. Users will be requested to create a password, but the data plots are free for viewing and downloading.

192

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Light Type Used > Related Goverment Sites Light Type Used > Related Goverment Sites Links to Related Government Sites Publications list from U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (FEMP) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Green Lights Program Updated FLEX 3.0 Lighting software solution available from U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs Section 3.4 on Lighting and Section 7.2 on Lighting Control can be obtained at this site U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs lights basic training will be completed in FY '98 Lighting mailing list for exchange of information on lighting issues Lights in commercial buildings in the 21st Century List of major areas of expertise at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, illustrated with specific projects

193

Present Status and Marketing Prospects of the Emerging Hybrid-Electric and Diesel Technologies to Reduce CO2 Emissions of New Light-Duty Vehicles in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of future markets for diesel powered and hybrid-as the European market for diesel-powered vehicles grows.of a large market for light duty diesel vehicles. Figure 2

Burke, Andy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

195

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

196

Organic Light Emitting Diodes: materials, device structures and light extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLEDs) are presented with particular emphasis on materials, device structures and strategies to improve light extraction. For the fabrication of efficient OLEDs, two types of electroluminescent materials are used (small molecules and polymers) with efficiencies and lifetimes which are now acceptable for small size or low content information displays. Two main approaches are described to enhance external efficiency, one is based on direct modification of the species emission and the other on modification of emitted guided modes propagation within the device. The features of the different approaches are evidenced through examples of devices reported in the literature.

B. Geffroy; L. Rocha

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Mobile lighting apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

198

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Title Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Williams, Alison A., Barbara A. Atkinson, Karina Garbesi, Erik Page, and Francis M. Rubinstein Series Title The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Volume 8 Document Number 3 Pagination 161-180 Date Published January ISBN Number 1550-2716 Keywords controls, daylighting, energy, occupancy sensors, tuning. Abstract Researchers have been quantifying energy savings from lighting controls in commercial buildings for more than 30 years. This study provides a meta-analysis of lighting energy savings identified in the literature-240 savings estimates from 88 papers and case studies, categorized into daylighting strategies, occupancy strategies, personal tuning, and institutional tuning. Beginning with an overall average of savings estimates by control strategy, successive analytical filters are added to identify potential biases introduced to the estimates by different analytical approaches. Based on this meta-analysis, the bestestimates of average lighting energy savings potential are 24 percent for occupancy, 28 percent for daylighting, 31 percent for personal tuning, 36 percent for institutional tuning, and 38 percent for multiple approaches. The results also suggest that simulations significantly overestimate (by at least 10 percent) the average savings obtainable from daylighting in actual buildings.

199

Light Old and New  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sun, Moon and stars have been our lights since the earliest times. We have learned ... have much more recently filled our homes and streets with artificial lighting. We are, however, in danger of...natural lights

Bob Mizon

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Specific light in sculpture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

Powell, John William

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Lighting | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to installing LEDs in existing fixtures. Tips and Advice Tips: Lighting Lighting choices save you money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes...

202

Natural lighting and skylights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many physiological and psychological factors which enter into the proper design of space for human occupancy. One of these elements is light. Both natural light and manufactured light are basic tools with which any designer must work...

Evans, Benjamin Hampton

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Parametric light generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...potential to deliver coherent light with high spectral purity...universal constants such as the speed of light. Single- frequency CW...assessment of optical switching speeds in telecommunication technology...A (2003) Parametric light generation 2749 ment of...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Effect of Circularly Polarized Light on the Photosynthesis and ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The net photosynthesis and chlorophyll a synthesis of certain marine algae show a gra- dation in response to various types of polarized light. Right circularly.

1999-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

State Government Savings Category Heat Pumps Lighting Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New...

206

Type Ia supernovae selection and forecast of cosmology constraints for the Dark Energy Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the results of a study of selection criteria to identify Type Ia supernovae photometrically in a simulated mixed sample of Type Ia supernovae and core collapse supernovae. The simulated sample is a mockup of the expected results of the Dark Energy Survey. Fits to the \\{MLCS2k2\\} and SALT2 Type Ia supernova models are compared and used to help separate the Type Ia supernovae from the core collapse sample. The Dark Energy Task Force Figure of Merit (modified to include core collapse supernovae systematics) is used to discriminate among the various selection criteria. This study of varying selection cuts for Type Ia supernova candidates is the first to evaluate core collapse contamination using the Figure of Merit. Different factors that contribute to the Figure of Merit are detailed. With our analysis methods, both SALT2 and \\{MLCS2k2\\} Figures of Merit improve with tighter selection cuts and higher purities, peaking at 98% purity.

Eda Gjergo; Jefferson Duggan; John D. Cunningham; Steve Kuhlmann; Rahul Biswas; Eve Kovacs; Joseph P. Bernstein; Harold Spinka

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFLs: $2-$10 LED Task Light: $10.00 LED Night light: $1.25 Energy Star Ceiling Fan: $10 Provider Detroit Public Lighting Department The Detroit Public Lighting Department (PLD) offers residential customers rebates for energy efficient lights. In addition, low-income residential customers may qualify for free compact fluorescent lights (CFLs). Specific rebate amounts, equipment requirements, and applications are available on

208

Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Weatherization: $500 per home Lighting: $20,000 Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Lighting: $100/kW reduced Small Commercial Central Air Conditioning: $400 - $600 per unit, depending on efficiency Central Heat Pump: $500 - $700 per unit, depending on efficiency

209

Cedarburg Light & Water Utility - Commercial Shared Savings Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cedarburg Light & Water Utility - Commercial Shared Savings Loan Cedarburg Light & Water Utility - Commercial Shared Savings Loan Program (Wisconsin) Cedarburg Light & Water Utility - Commercial Shared Savings Loan Program (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate $50,000 Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $2,500 - $50,000 Provider Cedarburg Light and Water Utility Cedarburg Light and Water Utility (CLWU) provides loans for commercial,

210

Cedarburg Light and Water Utility - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cedarburg Light and Water Utility - Commercial Energy Efficiency Cedarburg Light and Water Utility - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cedarburg Light and Water Utility - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Unspecified ($250,000 per bid cycle) Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by measure Provider Cedarburg Light and Water Utility Cedarburg Light and Water Utility provides incentives for commercial,

211

Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy, LBNL International Energy Studies, International Association of Lighting Designers, International Association of Lighting Management Companies Partner: NAED, NEMA, NEMRA, NECA, NAILD Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/27996.pdf References: Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap[1] Overview "Continued innovation in lamps and other system components, as well as in design practices, have made lighting progressively more effective,

212

Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Commercial and Industrial Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Commercial and Industrial Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Commercial and Industrial Lighting Rebate Program Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Commercial and Industrial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 50% of Project Cost Cannot exceed 100% of a single energy efficient measure's cost. Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Not Specified Lighting Fluorescent Lighting: $2 - $50/fixture HID Lighting: $20 - $25/fixture Induction Bulb: $10 Metal Halide PAR Bulb: $20

213

Lighting Group: Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links Links Links Organizations Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) International Commission on Illumination (CIE) International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) International Association of Energy-Efficient Lighting Lightfair International Energy Agency - Task 21: Daylight in Buildings: Design Tools and Performance Analysis International Energy Agency - Task 31: Daylighting Buildings in 21st Century National Association on Qualifications for the Lighting Professions (NCQLP) National Association of Independent Lighting Distributors (NAILD) International Association of Lighting Management Companies (NALMCO) Research Centers California Lighting Technology Center Lighting Research Center Lighting Research at Canada Institute for Research in Construction

214

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center Technical Advisory Group Meeting August 31, 2007 10:30 AM - Noon Meeting Agenda * Introductions (10 minutes) * Main Presentation (~ 1 hour) * Questions, comments from panel (15 minutes) Project History * Lighting Scoping Study (completed January 2007) - Identified potential for energy and demand savings using demand responsive lighting systems - Importance of dimming - New wireless controls technologies * Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) Objectives * Provide up-to-date information on the reliability, predictability of dimmable lighting as a demand resource under realistic operating load conditions * Identify potential negative impacts of DR lighting on lighting quality Potential of Demand Responsive Lighting Control

215

Modeling LED street lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LED luminaires may deliver precise illumination patterns to control light pollution, comfort, visibility, and light utilization efficiency. Here, we provide simple equations to...

Moreno, Ivan; Avendaño-Alejo, Maximino; Saucedo-A, Tonatiuh; Bugarin, Alejandra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TODO: Add description List of Lighting Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLighting&oldid267174" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

217

Cree LED Lighting Solutions Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures LLF...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LED Lighting Solutions Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures LLF Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cree LED Lighting Solutions (Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures (LLF)) Place: Morrisville,...

218

Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

219

Covered Product Category: Light Fixtures (Luminaires)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including luminaires, or light fixtures. The luminaires product category is very broad and covers a wide variety of lighting products. Both ENERGY STAR® and FEMP provide programmatic guidance for various types of luminaires. See table 2 for more information about which types of light fixtures are covered by which program (FEMP or ENERGY STAR). Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

220

Ningbo Liaoyuan Lighting Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Liaoyuan Lighting Co Liaoyuan Lighting Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Ningbo Liaoyuan Lighting Co Place Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, China Zip 315408 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Engaged in outdoor LED lighting manufacture and design including street lamps and solar/wind hybrid street lamps. Coordinates 30.047501°, 121.151222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.047501,"lon":121.151222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Laser Light Engines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laser Light Engines Laser Light Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Laser Light Engines Place Salem, New Hampshire Zip NH 03079 Sector Efficiency Product Salem-based, designs, develops and manufactures ultra-high brightness, digitally controlled laser-driven light sources. The firm contributes to green building efficiency. Coordinates 42.554485°, -88.110549° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.554485,"lon":-88.110549,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

ON THE EQUILIBRIUM FIGURE OF CLOSE-IN PLANETS AND SATELLITES  

SciTech Connect

Many exoplanets have been observed close to their parent stars with orbital periods of a few days. As for the major satellites of the Jovian planets, the figure of these planets is expected to be strongly shaped by tidal forces. However, contrary to solar system satellites, exoplanets may present high values for the obliquity and eccentricity due to planetary perturbations, and may also be captured in spin-orbit resonances different from the synchronous one. Here we give a general formulation of the equilibrium figure of those bodies that makes no particular assumption on the spin and/or orbital configurations. The gravity field coefficients computed here are well suited for describing the figure evolution of a body whose spin and orbit undergo substantial variations in time.

Correia, Alexandre C. M. [Departamento de Fisica, I3N, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Rodriguez, Adrian [Insituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, IAG-USP, Rua do Matao 1226, 05508-090 Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Light-water breeder reactors: preliminary safety and environmental information document. Volume III  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning prebreeder and breeder reactors based on light-water-breeder (LWBR) Type 1 modules; light-water backfit prebreeder supplying advanced breeder; light-water backfit prebreeder/seed-blanket breeder system; and light-water backfit low-gain converter using medium-enrichment uranium, supplying a light-water backfit high-gain converter.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Expiration Date Installation must be made within one year of the preliminary approval date State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20-29 kW saved: $75/kW new; $150/kW retrofit 30-39 kW saved: $100/kW new; $200/kW retrofit 40-49 kW saved: $125/kW new; $250/kW retrofit 50 or more kW saved: $150/kW new; $300/kW retrofit Provider Conservation Section For existing and new commercial construction, Pedernales Electric Cooperative provides incentives for kW saved through efficient lighting.

225

Solar Electric Light Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Electric Light Fund Solar Electric Light Fund Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar Electric Light Fund Agency/Company /Organization: Solar Electric Light Fund Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Phase: Create Early Successes Resource Type: Publications, Training materials Website: www.self.org/ Locality: US, Africa, Asia, Latin America Cost: Free The mission of the Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) is to empower people in developing countries to rise from poverty using energy from the sun. What We Do The Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) has been working in the field of renewable energy, household energy and decentralized rural electrification for over 18 years. We have a proven track record of managing complex, multi-disciplinary international projects and have worked on renewable

226

Information Resources: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety, and adaptation. When it comes to outdoor lighting, the industry has understandably focused on footcandles and uniformity, efficacy, pole spacing, and cutoff-but those are not the chief criteria for all neighborhoods. Presenter Naomi Miller of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory discussed the types of communities and spaces that should consider pedestrian-friendly outdoor lighting, what pedestrian-friendly lighting looks like, the basic principles of glare control, color and visibility, and metrics. View the presentation slides View the text-alternative version

227

Graffiti (Figural)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004 Middle Egyptian Quarries Project: 2004 field season.flat space available. In quarries and in way-stops onwith further study is the quarry of Abdel Qurna just north

Cruz-Uribe, Eugene

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Patterns and coincidences in the light curves of active galaxies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Patterns and coincidences in the light curves of active galaxies Roberto...coincident patterns in the optical light curves of NGC 4151 and 5548...are due to a Poissonian (,Christmas-tree') type of process...Patterns in the light curves ofactive galaxies 325......

Roberto Cid Fernandes; Jr; Roberto Terlevich; Itziar Aretxaga

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Failure Modes and Causes for Swing and Lift Type Check Valves  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HPCI Mainsteam RCIC Suppression Isolation Air Pool Support Figure 2. Relative Failure Rate by System and Valve Type for Significant 191-1996 Failures for the Ten Systems with...

230

Type Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fusion is an indispensable tool in the arsenal ... Less well-known, but equally valuable is type fusion, which states conditions for fusing an application ... algebra. We provide a novel proof of type fusion base...

Ralf Hinze

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Effect of Combining Far-Red Light with Shorter Wave Light on the Excitation of Fluorescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Fluorescence in Chlorella Recent experiments on the rate of photosyn- thesis in far-red light alone that the quantum yield of Auo- rescence in Chlorella drops when excitation is achieved by light above 680 ml* (10- teen experiments of this type are summarized in Table I. Chlorella pyrenoidosa Strain 3 were used

Govindjee

232

Lighting in Commercial Buildings (1986 Data)> -- Publication and Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Executive Summary > Publication and Tables Executive Summary > Publication and Tables Publication and Tables Figure ES1. Ranges of Potential Savings, Maintaining Current Lighting Levels Figure on Ranges of Potential Savings, Maintaining Current Lighting Levels Note: Each shaded band indicates the range of savings estimates obtained, under varying assumptions for the effectiveness of the conservation features considered for each case. The potential savings are shown for each case as a percent of the base case lighting energy estimate (321 billion kilowatthours). Additional savings are possible if lighting levels are reduced. Sources: Adapted from Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, "Building Questionnaire" of the 1986 Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey; and sources described in Appendices B and C.

233

Supplemental Figures Supplemental Figure1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) induced a gradual change in firing patterns, eventually leading to self-sustained tonic discharges (the

Fujisawa, Shigeyoshi

234

Figure 1. Schematic of initial air pump design Design of Air Pump System Using Bond Graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, is presented in Figure 1. It is a vibratory pump in which an electromagnetic circuit drives a small permanent magnet attached to a pivoted lever that, in turn, drives a rubber bellows pump. The bellows pump has of the cascaded arrangement of three coupled subsystems: the electromagnetic actuator, the lever, and the air

Fernandez, Thomas

235

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY*******  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY --------------------------­ · Astronomers primarily interested in astronomy. ­ Data reduction preoccupies radio astronomy specialists,f,p Bandpass( )f PolCal( )f,p Gains( )s,f,p S Beam Imager Astronomy Solver I2 ( ) )^(^, 2sVpfV - å ¹kj X Solver

Militzer, Burkhard

236

Figure 1: Multiplex logarithmic microfluidic perfusion array for probing shear stress effects on stem cells. (A)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1: Multiplex logarithmic microfluidic perfusion array for probing shear stress effects on stem cells. (A) Microfluidic perfusion systems exhibit more defined shear stress profiles and consume. (B) A 1x6 multiplex logarithmic microfluidic array for simultaneous application of shear stress

Voldman, Joel

237

Magnetic Levitation System The following figure shows the cross section of a magnetic levitation (MAGLEV) train.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Levitation System The following figure shows the cross section of a magnetic levitation in matched pairs. The magnetic attraction of the vertically paired magnets balances the force of gravity and levitates the vehicle above the guideway. d h z Train Track Magnets Fixed Reference Line Magnets

Hagan, Martin

238

High figure-of-merit nematic mixtures based on totally unsaturated isothiocyanate liquid crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1. Introduction The continuous demand for faster electro-optic response times is the driving force of figure-of-merit were observed at room temperature for the formulated nematic mixtures. Potential phased arrays (OPAs) for laser communications, require faster response times. In order to achieve a fast

Wu, Shin-Tson

239

* All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MODELING AT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1783 * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT@ncche.olemiss.edu. Abstract: A depth-averaged two-dimensionalnonuniform sediment transport model is applied to the beaches. The sediment transport, bed change and sorting equations are solved simultaneously and implicitly at the same

US Army Corps of Engineers

240

3-19 Urban Design Figure 3-9 Aerial View E Looking West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

View F Looking North West #12;3-21 Urban Design Figure 3-11 Skyline and Massachusetts Avenue Gateway to careful site planning and transportation demand management. As the area has become more densely developed employed by TranSComm whose primary responsibilities include identifying and responding to transportation

Mohanty, Raj

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Figure 1: Swimmer in swimming User Experiences with a Virtual Swimming Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accomplished the artistic endeavour by swimming in the pool of the ocean liner, Queen Elizabeth II, travelingFigure 1: Swimmer in swimming apparatus. User Experiences with a Virtual Swimming Interface Exhibit@ece.ubc.ca Abstract. We created an exhibit based on a new locomotion interface for swimming in a virtual reality ocean

British Columbia, University of

242

Figure 1. Recurrent modular network architecture Recurrent modular network architecture for sea ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Classification of sea ice in MIZ is important for navigation in these regions and for accurate evaluation of heatFigure 1. Recurrent modular network architecture Recurrent modular network architecture for sea ice classification in the Marginal Ice Zone using ERS SAR images Andrey V. Bogdanov1a , Marc Toussaint1b , Stein

Toussaint, Marc

243

SPACESHUTTLEPROGRAMPETITIONFOR HCFC 141b Exemption Allowance Figure 3.2 Cornpleteil ET in Sliruy Cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF HCFC 141b BLOWN FOAM Orbiter uses HCFC 141b blown foam to thermally insulate the Main Propulsion System location, necessitating the use of HCFC I-llb blown foam insulation Figures 3 4 and 3.5, respectively. illustrate the umbilical without and with foam insulation 17 #12;SPACESHUTTLEPROGRAMPETITION FOR HCFC 141b

Christian, Eric

244

IN PRINT (Feb. 2012): Am J Psych Word length: 3,983 Tables: 2, Figures: 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in individuals with autism as early as two years of age. Studies using head circumference suggest that brainIN PRINT (Feb. 2012): Am J Psych Word length: 3,983 Tables: 2, Figures: 4 Brain Volume Findings Neurological Institute, McGill University *IBIS Network: The IBIS (Infant Brain Imaging Study) Network

Utah, University of

245

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian patients with one Study of Chronic Metabolic Diseases in Colombians Maria A. Caro MSc1,2 , Bryant Dang BS1 , Gabriel, are associated with key demographic and clinical variables in Colombians with metabolic disease. The results

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

246

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer. EPR: Progress towards spin-based quantum computing Electron- and/or nuclear-spin-based quantum-dependent recombination (SDR)1-4 is an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique that is potentially useful in spin

Demirel, Melik C.

247

Figure 1. Nicaragua at night. The circled area is the Bluefields region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Instead, they advocate a focus on rural electrification for this region3 . blueEnergy blueEnergy%3 . The electrification rate in rural areas of Nicaragua, where 45% of the population lives, is a meager 25% 2 (Figure 1 are connected to an electric grid, rural areas outside of these cities are not. Due to geographic barriers

Kammen, Daniel M.

248

Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Shared Savings Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Wisconsin Power and Light) - Shared Savings Program (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Shared Savings Program Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Shared Savings Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 50% of project Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Not Specified Provider Alliant Energy Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) offers the Shared Savings financing program for the installation of energy efficient farm improvements. Farms or ag-related businesses are eligible if Alliant Energy supplies the electricity or natural gas on a retail rate basis for the applicable technology. With the Shared Savings Program, agricultural

249

Indianapolis Power & Light - Residential Energy Incentives Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indianapolis Power & Light - Residential Energy Incentives Program Indianapolis Power & Light - Residential Energy Incentives Program Indianapolis Power & Light - Residential Energy Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFLs: In store discounts A/C Cycling: $20/summer Split System AC: $300 - $400 Air Source Heat Pump: $200 - $300 Home Energy Evaluation and Energy Efficiency Kit: Free Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30/unit Provider IPL Energy Incentives Program The Indianapolis Power and Light Energy Incentives Programs assist residential customers with reducing energy consumption. The program offers

250

Red blood cell malformations Cell shapes Modeling and simulation of red blood cell light scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that have a "sickle" appearance (see figure to left). This malformed geometry prevents cells from traveling Red blood cell malformations Cell shapes Modeling and simulation of red blood cell light to various diseases and acute conditions, the shape and composition of erythrocytes (red blood cells

California at Berkeley, University of

251

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid-State Lighting Search Solid-State Lighting Search Search Help Solid-State Lighting HOME ABOUT THE PROGRAM R&D PROJECTS MARKET-BASED PROGRAMS SSL BASICS INFORMATION RESOURCES FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES EERE » Building Technologies Office » Solid-State Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards.

252

Lighting Group: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Overview of the Lighting Research Group The Lighting Research Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory performs research aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes, throughout the State of California and across the Nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research in the Lighting Group falls into three main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems and Controls and Communications. Click on a link below for more information about each of these research areas. Sources and Ballasts investigates next generation light sources, such as

253

Smart street lighting management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we propose a new street lighting energy management system in order to reduce ... demand” meaning that energy, in this case light, is provided only when needed. In ... demand model, which in the case...

S. Pizzuti; M. Annunziato; F. Moretti

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components. In Part I, presenters Amy Olay of the City of...

255

Kyler Nelson Light Timer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

designated by the user, the Arduino board will dim the light to save energy. The user designates the time instance, the light is dimmed using pulse width modulation (PWM) in the Arduino's pin number 11

Kachroo, Pushkin

256

Street light holography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production of a hologram is demonstrated using only a camera aluminum foil and a mercury vapor street light.

R. R. Turtle

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Outdoor Lighting Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE offers a variety of resources to guide municipalities, utilities, and others in their evaluation of LED street lighting products.

258

Crystallization of tungstenbronze-type Ba{sub 2}NaNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} in high-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-content glass: An inelastic light scattering study  

SciTech Connect

In situ observations of phonon Raman and Boson scattering were performed in high-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-content barium-sodium aluminophosphate glass, which crystallizes tungstenbronze-type Ba{sub 2}NaNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} (BNN), during heating and subsequent cooling processes in order to examine the BNN crystallization dynamics and phase transitions. It is suggested that NbO{sub 6} clusters/cohesive regions are present and are subjected to stress by the surrounding aluminophosphate network prior to crystallization of the BNN phase. Furthermore, in the cooling period, a successive phase transition (4/mmm{yields}4mm{yields}mm2) of the BNN phase was observed in the glass-ceramics, implying the possibility of producing functional glass-ceramics with ferroelastic properties.

Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Fujie, Nobuhiro; Ihara, Rie; Fujiwara, Takumi [Department of Applied Physics, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Osada, Minoru [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Masai, Hirokazu [Division of Materials Chemistry, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Seattle City Light - Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seattle City Light - Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Seattle City Light - Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Seattle City Light - Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: 85% discount on installation costs Insulation: 50% discount on installation costs Window Replacement: $3 - $5/sq. ft. Provider Seattle City Light Seattle City Light provides incentives for its multi-family housing customers to increase their energy efficiency. Rebates are offered for common area lighting and weatherization measures including the installation

260

NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source System Benefits Charge State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Lighting Retrofit: 70% of cost Provider RG&E and NYSEG NYSEG offers a lighting incentive program designed to serve small business customers with a demand of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. These small business customers may schedule a free energy assessment and then receive a 70% discount on the installed cost of recommended lighting measures. Eligible lighting measures include the retrofitting of fluorescent fixtures,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Light scattering for aerogel characterization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for aerogel characterization for aerogel characterization Title Light scattering for aerogel characterization Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1998 Authors Hunt, Arlon J. Journal Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids Volume 225 Pagination 303-306 Keywords aerogel, light scattering, microstructure Abstract Light scattering is a useful tool to evaluate aerogel clarity, study its structure, pore size, mechanical strain, and examine the modes of sol-gel evolution that determine its microstructure. Ultraviolet-visible transmission spectroscopy can be used to study the wavelength dependent scattering to readily compare aerogels of differing origins, thickness, and to evaluate effects of residual contaminants. Infrared reflectance measurements can be used to determine the effective real and imaginary indices of refraction of porous aerogel materials for material property and radiant heat transfer studies. Measurements of scattering at a fixed angle can be used for quality control, to evaluate sources of scattering, and study inhomogeneities. Measurement of the Mueller matrix (describing the 16-element angle-dependent transformation of intensity and polarization of incident to scattered light) provides information about the anisotropy, large pore fraction, induced stresses, microstructure and inhomogeneities in the aerogel. The time evolution of scattering before and after gel formation gives information.

262

Metacapacitors for LED Lighting: Metacapacitors  

SciTech Connect

ADEPT Project: The CUNY Energy Institute is developing less expensive, more efficient, smaller, and longer-lasting power converters for energy-efficient LED lights. LEDs produce light more efficiently than incandescent lights and last significantly longer than compact fluorescent bulbs, but they require more sophisticated power converter technology, which increases their cost. LEDs need more sophisticated converters because they require a different type of power (low voltage direct current, or DC) than what's generally supplied by power outlets. The CUNY Energy Institute is developing sophisticated power converters for LEDs that contain capacitors made from new, nanoscale materials. Capacitors are electrical components that are used to store energy. CUNY's unique capacitors are configured with advanced power circuits to more efficiently control and convert power to the LED lighting source. They also eliminate the need for large magnetic components, instead relying on networks of capacitors that can be easily printed on plastic substrate. CUNY's prototype LED power converter already meets DOE's 2020 projections for the energy efficiency of LED power converters.

None

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

263

Light emitting device comprising phosphorescent materials for white light generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to phosphors for energy downconversion of high energy light to generate a broadband light spectrum, which emit light of different emission wavelengths.

Thompson, Mark E.; Dapkus, P. Daniel

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

264

Resonant energy transfer in light harvesting and light emitting applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The performance of light emitting and light harvesting devices is improved by utilising resonant energy transfer. In lighting applications, the emission energy of a semiconductor… (more)

Chanyawadee, Soontorn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Hemphill Power Light Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Light Company Power Light Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Hemphill Power & Light Company Place Springfield, New Hampshire Sector Biomass Product Owner and operator of a 16MW biomass-fired generating plant in New Hampshire. Coordinates 42.640925°, -88.413644° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.640925,"lon":-88.413644,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

Connecticut Light and Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connecticut Light and Power Connecticut Light and Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Connecticut Light and Power Address P.O. Box 270 Place Hartford, Connecticut Zip 06141 Sector Services Product Green Power Marketer Website http://www.cl-p.com/ Coordinates 41.7638°, -72.6859° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7638,"lon":-72.6859,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

Whitefield Power Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whitefield Power Light Whitefield Power Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Whitefield Power & Light Place Whitefield, New Hampshire Sector Biomass Product Developer of biomass projects using wood chips as feedstock. Coordinates 35.253°, -95.237229° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.253,"lon":-95.237229,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

268

Nexxus Lighting Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nexxus Lighting Inc Nexxus Lighting Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Nexxus Lighting, Inc. Place Charlotte, North Carolina Zip 28269 Product Manufacturer Of LED Lamps and related products for use in swimming pools, decorative water falls, entertainment and other areas. Coordinates 35.2225°, -80.837539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.2225,"lon":-80.837539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

269

Pacific Light Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Light Power Light Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Pacific Light & Power Place Anahola, Hawaii Zip 96703 Sector Solar Product Hawaii-based which develops mainly solar projects. Coordinates 22.14522°, -159.315234° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.14522,"lon":-159.315234,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

Wenzhou Dazhan Lighting Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wenzhou Dazhan Lighting Co Wenzhou Dazhan Lighting Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Wenzhou Dazhan Lighting Co Place Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip 325000 Sector Solar Product China-based solar PV-based system provider. Coordinates 28.002501°, 120.64772° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.002501,"lon":120.64772,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

271

Indianapolis Power Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Light Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Indianapolis Power & Light Place Indianapolis, Indiana Sector Wind energy Product US utility company. The firm is buying wind energy from EDF Nouvelles Coordinates 39.76691°, -86.149964° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.76691,"lon":-86.149964,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

272

List of Lighting Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentives Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 1032 Lighting Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-1000) CSV (rows 1001-1032) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government

273

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Videos to Solid-State Lighting Videos to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Videos On this page you can access DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Program videos. Photo of a museum art gallery with LED lights in track fixtures overhead. The City of Los Angeles LED Streetlight Program

274

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards. Register Now for DOE's 11th Annual SSL R&D Workshop January 28-30, join other SSL R&D professionals from industry, government, and academia to learn, share, and shape the future of lighting.

275

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Partnerships Solid-State Lighting Contacts For information about Solid-State Lighting, contact James Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Building Technologies Office U.S. Department of Energy

276

Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptive Street Lighting Adaptive Street Lighting Controls to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Adaptive Street Lighting Controls This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components.

277

Control of light speed: From slow light to superluminal light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A scheme for controlling light speed from slower-than-c to faster-than-c in an atomic system is presented in this paper. The scheme is based on far detuning Raman effect. Two far detuning coupling fields with small frequency difference will produce two absorptive peaks for the probe field in a $\\Lambda$ structure, and an optical pump between the two ground states can change the absorptive peaks into enhanced peaks, which makes the normal dispersion between the two peaks change into anomalous dispersion, so the probe field can change from slow light to superluminal propagation.

Qun-Feng Chen; Yong-Sheng Zhang; Bao-Sen Shi; Guang-Can Guo

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Figure 2: The mercury jet target geometry. The proton beam and mercury jet cross at z=-37.5 cm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 2: The mercury jet target geometry. The proton beam and mercury jet cross at z=-37.5 cm. Figure 3: The layout of multiple proton beam entry directions relative to mercury jet at z=-75 cm. A PION of a free liquid mercury jet with an intense proton beam. We study the variation of meson production

McDonald, Kirk

279

A novel optimization-based pole-figure inversion method: comparison with WIMV and maximum entropy methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optimization-based pole-figure inversion method is presented that utilizes the orientation distribution function gradient for conditional control of the solution. The novel pole-figure inversion method, coined the hybrid -seminorm minimization, is empirically shown to be versatile, general and robust in the presence of simulated experimental errors.

Bernier, J.V.

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

280

Facts & figures 2010 The University of Gothenburg is, with its 37,000 students, one of the lar-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost 59 % Premises 13 % Other operating costs 24 % Capital costs 4 % Expenditure in percentages #12 funding and other sources Expenditure SEK 4,785 million of which: > SEK 2,817 million is spent > SEK 190 million is spent on capital costs Finances facts & figures 2010 facts & figures 2010 Personnel

Johannesson, Henrik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 31, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2013 3181 Noise Figure in Near-Infrared Amorphous and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 31, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2013 3181 Noise Figure in Near-Infrared, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--The noise figures (NF) of near-infrared (near-IR) amorphous silicon (a Amorphous and Mid-Infrared Crystalline Silicon Optical Parametric Amplifiers Jichi Ma and Sasan Fathpour

Fathpour, Sasan

282

Figure A1. Natural gas processing plant capacity in the United States, 2013 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Figure A1. Natural gas processing plant capacity in the United States, 2013 2012 Table A2. Natural gas processing plant capacity, by state, 2013 (million cubic feet per day) Alabama 1,403 Arkansas 24 California 926 Colorado 5,450 Florida 90 Illinois 2,100 Kansas 1,818 Kentucky 240 Louisiana 10,737 Michigan 479 Mississippi 1,123

283

Emerging Lighting Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Lighting Technology Emerging Lighting Technology Bruce Kinzey Pacific Northwest National Laboratory FUPWG - Portland, OR April 20, 2011 www.ssl.energy.gov 2 | Solid-State Lighting Program GATEWAY Demonstration Program * Purpose: demonstrate new SSL products in real-world applications that save energy, match or improve illumination, and are cost- effective * Demos generate critical field experience providing: - Feedback to manufacturers - Data for utility incentives - Market readiness of specific applications to users - Advancement in lighting knowledge Central Park, NY Photo: Ryan Pyle Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Photo: Scott Rosenfeld www.ssl.energy.gov 3 | Solid-State Lighting Program LED Product Explosion www.ssl.energy.gov 4 | Solid-State Lighting Program LEDs are Not a Universal Lighting

284

Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies according to technology; prescriptive and custom rebates available Provider Efficiency Vermont In Vermont, agricultural operations are eligible for prescriptive and customized incentives on equipment proven to help make farms more efficient. Prescriptive rebates are available for lighting (free to $175 per fixture, depending on the type of fixture or lighting) and for a variety of equipment including plate coolers, variable speed milk transfer

285

Covered Product Category: Luminaires (Light Fixtures) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Luminaires (Light Fixtures) Luminaires (Light Fixtures) Covered Product Category: Luminaires (Light Fixtures) October 7, 2013 - 10:49am Addthis Did You Know? The ENERGY STAR luminaires product category covers a wide range of lighting products, both residential and commercial. FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including luminaires, or light fixtures. The luminaires product category is very broad and covers a wide variety of lighting products. Both ENERGY STAR® and FEMP provide programmatic guidance for various types of luminaires. See table 2 for more information about which types of light fixtures are covered by which program (FEMP or ENERGY STAR). Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and

286

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate All Incentives: Limited to 75% of total project cost Custom Program: $100,000 per calendar year per customer Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Targeted Audit: Varies by building type and size Lighting (New Construction): Varies widely Lighting (Existing Buildings): Varies widely Custom Measures: $300 kW; $0.01/kWh; $0.40/Therm

287

The identification and characterization of seedlings hyper-responsive to light 2 (SHL2), a gene implicated in developmental responses to light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mutants showing developmental hyper-responsiveness to limited light were screened and designated as seedlings hyper-responsive to light (shl). These mutants showed an etiolated phenotype similar to wild type in the dark, yet had shorter hypocotyls...

Seong, Mi-Seon

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

288

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEMS ULTIMATE LIGHTING The Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration (Holistic Integrated Design) · Sensors as important as LEDs · Interconnected systems (human, building, grid) · Artistic Design Freedom · Lighting is Health, Entertainment, Information and Illumination Cost at any brightness · Chip level integrated electronics THE ERC RESEARCH COVERS THE ENTIRE SUPPLY

Linhardt, Robert J.

289

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop Nearly 200 lighting industry leaders, chip makers, fixture and component

290

Lighting the Night: Technology, Urban Life and the Evolution of Street Lighting [Light in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 1912), 783. 8. "New Street Lights Increase Trade 3 5 Perlight, including street light, became part of America'sBeautiful-inspired street­ lights graced wealthy residen­

Holden, Alfred

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety,

292

Lighting Research Group: Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities Lighting Research Facilities at LBNL gonio-photometer Gonio-photometer We use this device to measure the intensity and direction of the light from a lamp or fixture. integrating sphere Integrating sphere This instrument allows us to get a fast and accurate measurement of the total light output of a lamp. We are not able to determine the direction of the light, only the intensity. power analyzer Power analyzer We use our power analyzer with the lamps in the gonio-photometer to measure input power, harmonic distortion, power factor, and many other signals that tell us how well a lamp is performing. spectro-radiometer Spectro-radiometer This device measures not only the intensity of a light source but also the intensity of the light at each wavelength.

293

Lighting Group: Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software Software Lighting Software The Lighting Group has developed several computer programs in the course of conducting research on energy efficient lighting. Several of these programs have proven useful outside the research environment. One of the most popular programs for advanced lighting applications is Radiance. For more information on this program and its availability, click on the link below. RADIANCE Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. The primary advantage of Radiance over simpler lighting calculation and rendering tools is that there are no limitations on the geometry or the materials that may be simulated. Radiance is used by architects and engineers to predict illumination, visual quality and appearance of innovative design spaces, and by researchers to evaluate new

294

City Water Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Water Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs City Water Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Insulation: $3,000 Retro-Commissioning: $50,000 Lighting: $15,000 Program Info State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air-Source Heat Pumps: $300/ton Geothermal Heat Pump: $500/ton Insulation: 30% Retro-Commissioning Study: $0.30 per sq. ft. of conditioned space Retro-Commissioning EMC: varies Lighting: $3 - $35/unit Lighting (Custom): $0.28/Watt reduced Water Loop Heat Pump: Contact CWLP

295

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Energy Audit: Contact Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power CFL Bulbs: Up to 10 CFL bulbs at reduced cost Water Heater: $75 Refrigerator Recycling: $30 Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power offers incentives to electric customers who wish to install energy efficient equipment in participating homes. Incentives are available for home energy audits, CFL light bulbs, tank water heaters and refrigerator recycling. Water heater purchases and

296

FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Municipal and Street Lighting Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Municipal and Street Lighting FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Municipal and Street Lighting Program (Maryland) FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Municipal and Street Lighting Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Maryland Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount '''Street Lighting'''br/> High Pressure Sodium Fixtures: $10 - $50/unit LED/Induction Fixtures: $50 '''Traffic/Pedestrian Signals''' Lamp/Signal/Arrows: $35/unit Provider FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) FirstEnergy offers several incentives for non-residential and municipal customers to upgrade traffic signals, pedestrian signals, street lights to more efficient fixtures. The Municipal Lighting Incentive Program offers

297

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:59pm Addthis High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. Illustration of a high-intensity discharge (HID) lIllustration amp. The lamp is a tall cylindrical shape, and a cutout of the outer tube shows the materials inside. A long, thin cylinder called the arc tube runs through the lamp between two electrodes. The space around the arc tube is labeled as a vacuum. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas

298

South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Complete Lighting Retrofit: $0.30/watt saved Incandescent to CFL or LED: $1/bulb Provider South River EMC South River EMC (SREMC) offers a rebate to eligible business customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of lighting systems. The business must upgrade from an older, less efficient system to a high-efficiency system. An incentive of $0.30 per watt saved is available to eligible lighting projects. For commercial customers switching fron incandescent

299

CoServ Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CoServ Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting CoServ Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program CoServ Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Via partnership with whole sale provider Brazos Electric Power, Inc. and escheat funds Start Date 09/01/2009 State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Lighting Upgrade: 0.30/watt saved per fixture T8 Fluorescent Upgrade: 1.50 - 2.25/bulb per fixture Provider CoServ Electric Cooperative CoServ Electric Cooperative provides rebates for commercial and industrial customers who upgrade to high efficiency lighting for the workplace. A rebate of $0.30/watt saved is available on custom lighting upgrades and a

300

Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Provider Tillamook County PUD Tillamook PUD offers the Dairy Lighting Retrofit Program for its agricultural members to save energy on lighting in eligible barns/facilities. Tillamook PUD completes a lighting audit of the facility to calculate the energy savings and rebate amount. Incentives are provided for the replacement of existing mercury vapor, incandescent, and T12 fluorescent fixtures with new ORION AG9000 3-lamp T8 fluorescent fixtures. This rebate is available for retrofits only, new construction is not

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), hosted by Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources, Stephen Dierker. The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, medicine, geophysics, environmental, and materials sciences.

BNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

High efficiency incandescent lighting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

303

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioners: $100 - $200 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $300/ton + $50/EER/ton Fan Motors: $50/unit Programmable Thermostats: $25 Tank Water Heater: $50

304

California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) Jump to: navigation, search Name California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) Place Davis, CA Website http://cltc.ucdavis.edu/ References CLTC Website[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) is a research institution located in Davis, CA. References ↑ "CLTC Website" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=California_Lighting_Technology_Center_(University_of_California,_Davis)&oldid=381592"

305

Northern Lights Inc. - Energy Conservation Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northern Lights Inc. - Energy Conservation Rebate Program Northern Lights Inc. - Energy Conservation Rebate Program Northern Lights Inc. - Energy Conservation Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Idaho Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer: $15 each Clothes Washer: $30 Energy Star Manufactured Home: $1,000 Water Heater: $25 - $100 Window Replacement: $6/sq ft Insulation: Varies Duct Sealing: Free Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,500

306

Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation Services Program Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation Services Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Energy Audit Recommended Measures: $300 Programmable Thermostats: 2 units Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit Recommended Measures: 25% of total cost Refrigerators: $50 Clothes Washer: $50 Dishwasher: $50 Room AC: $50

307

Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and Incentives Program Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Commercial Weatherization Maximum Rebate 70% of project cost Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Dishwashers: $400 - $1500 Commercial Refrigerator: $60 - $100 Ice Machines: $100 - $400 Insulated Holding Cabinets: $250 - $600 Electric Steam Cookers: $400 Electric Convection Ovens: $200 Electric Griddles: $200 Electric Combination Ovens: $2,000

308

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings New Construction: Varies widely

309

Dayton Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dayton Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Dayton Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Dayton Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator Recycling: $25 Freezer Recycling: $25 HVAC Tune-Up: $25 credit CFL's: $1.40 average off of each bulb purchased at participating stores Air Conditioning: $100 - $300, varies by efficiency and equipment application Air Source Heat Pump: $200 - $600, varies by efficiency and equipment application Geothermal Heat Pump: $200 - $600, varies by efficiency and equipment

310

Total Light Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Light Management Light Management Why is saving Energy Important World Electricity Consumption (2007) Top 20 Countries 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 U n i t e d S t a t e s C h i n a J a p a n R u s s i a I n d i a G e r m a n y C a n a d a A f r i c a F r a n c e B r a z i l K o r e a , S o u t h U n i t e d K i n g d o m I t a l y S p a i n A u s t r a l i a T a i w a n S o u t h A f r i c a M e x i c o S a u d i A r a b i a I r a n Billion kWh Source: US DOE Energy Information Administration Lighting Control Strategies 4 5 6 Occupancy/Vacancy Sensing * The greatest energy savings achieved with any lighting fixture is when the lights are shut off * Minimize wasted light by providing occupancy sensing or vacancy sensing 7 8 Daylight Harvesting * Most commercial space has enough natural light flowing into it, and the amount of artificial light being generated can be unnecessary * Cut back on the production of artificial lighting by

311

Domestic Lighting and Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a 14 × 22 feet room with a nice spacious window at each end admitting surreptitious draughts in proportion to the amount of light they let in. ...

M. GHEURY DE BRAY

1926-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Comparing Light Bulbs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this exercise, students will use a light to demonstrate the difference between being energy-efficient and energy-wasteful, and learn what energy efficiency means.

313

LightManufacturing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LightManufacturing LightManufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Logo: LightManufacturing Name LightManufacturing Address 855 4th Street Place California Zip 93449 Sector Solar Product heliostat, helisotats, sun trackers, solar thermal manufacturing systems. Year founded 2009 Number of employees 11-50 Company Type For Profit Phone number 415 796-6475 Website http://www.lightmanufacturings Coordinates 35.135012°, -120.6228° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.135012,"lon":-120.6228,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

314

Property:EnergyServicesType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyServicesType EnergyServicesType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyServicesType Property Type String Description Type of energy services provided. Allows Values Lighting;Cooking and water heating;Space heating;Cooling;Information and communications;Earning a living Pages using the property "EnergyServicesType" Showing 8 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ... E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ...

315

AIRPORT LIGHTING Session Highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These sessions were designed to offer practical-yet-specialized training and information outreach for personnel information on airport lighting and navigational aid equipment selection, funding, maintenance, and operation known as AirTAP, sponsored three airport-lighting training sessions at different locations in Minnesota

Minnesota, University of

316

LED Lighting Facts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's LED Lighting Facts® program showcases LED products for general illumination from manufacturers who commit to testing products and reporting performance results according to industry standards. For lighting buyers, designers, and energy efficiency programs, the program provides information essential to evaluating SSL products.

317

Light intensity compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Explosively pumped laser light  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

About the Work of Art In the 1940s, Christian Petersen sculpted a plaster figure of George Washington Carver. He  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

About the Work of Art In the 1940s, Christian Petersen sculpted a plaster figure of George this sculpture in bronze as he originally intended, so he painted the work of art to resemble bronze. The plaster

Mayfield, John

320

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again July 27, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that frequently cause other bulbs to burn out quickly. Thus, many induction lighting units have an extremely long life of up to 100,000 hours. To put this in perspective, an induction lighting system lasting 100,000 hours will last more than 11 years in continuous 24/7 operation, and 25 years if operated 10 hours a day. The technology, however, is far from new. Nikola Tesla demonstrated induction lighting in the late 1890s around the same time that his rival,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Lighting fundamentals handbook: Lighting fundamentals and principles for utility personnel  

SciTech Connect

Lighting accounts for approximately 30% of overall electricity use and demand in commercial buildings. This handbook for utility personnel provides a source of basic information on lighting principles, lighting equipment, and other considerations related to lighting design. The handbook is divided into three parts. Part One, Physics of Light, has chapters on light, vision, optics, and photometry. Part Two, Lighting Equipment and Technology, focuses on lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls. Part Three, Lighting Design Decisions, deals with the manner in which lighting design decisions are made and reviews relevant methods and issues. These include the quantity and quality of light needed for visual tasks, calculation methods for verifying that lighting needs are satisfied, lighting economics and methods for evaluating investments in efficient lighting systems, and miscellaneous design issues including energy codes, power quality, photobiology, and disposal of lighting equipment. The handbook contains a discussion of the role of the utility in promoting the use of energy-efficient lighting. The handbook also includes a lighting glossary and a list of references for additional information. This convenient and comprehensive handbook is designed to enable utility lighting personnel to assist their customers in developing high-quality, energy-efficient lighting systems. The handbook is not intended to be an up-to-date reference on lighting products and equipment.

Eley, C.; Tolen, T. (Eley (Charles) Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Benya, J.R. (Luminae Souter Lighting Design, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Light and Bread Mold  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light and Bread Mold Light and Bread Mold Name: CHASE Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: HOW CAN I EFICTIVELY TEST THE EFFECTS OF LIGHT ON BREAD MOLD? Replies: Hello Chase, In order to test the effects of light on bread mould you need to set up an experiment. There are two things you need to have in your experiment to make it a good experiment: 1. A 'control'. 2. Replicates 1. The 'control' Obviously in order to test the effects of light on bread mold you will need to actually shine some light on some bread mold and see what happens. This is your 'treatment'. However, it is vitally important that you know what would have happened without the treatment (in this case added light). Let's pretend that you do a test a you find that the bread mold under the light actually dies. How do you know if your bread mold died because light was added or because at that time of year all bread mold would die naturally or because by adding light you caused the temperature to rise and that killed the bread mold? The answer is that you do not know unless you have taken the trouble to find out with anouther test called the 'control'. The 'control' is a piece of bread mold, identical to the 'treatment' bread mold, which is placed in identical conditions to the 'treatment' piece of bread mold except that light is removed. Your 'control' piece of bread mold will need to be (to the best of your abillity) at the same temperature, in the same area, at similar humidity, etc. Part of the skill of designing a scientific experiment is being able think of all the possible things which might be affecting the bread mold and keeping them the same in both the 'treatment' and the 'control' (except, of course, for the presence of light) so that when you find a difference between the 'treatment' and the 'control' you are sure that it is the result of the light rather than something else.

323

Light-induced catalytic and cytotoxic properties of phosphorescent transition metal compounds with a d8 electronic configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...photosensitizer absorbs light energy, it will be excited...lifetime to transfer its energy to the oxygen molecules...interaction. The low-energy triplet excited state...figure-3). can abstract halogen atom from alkyl...4. In recent years, research on platinum(II) photochemistry...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

A Production Type GC Analysis System for Light Gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......sonic, the gaseous combustion products are one...mixtures. In tests of hydrocarbon and metallic-hydrocarbon fuels the gas- eous combustion products which...of a coiled tube heat exchanger emersed...MIXTURES) ANALYSIS DATA; COLUMNS: SILICA......

R. C. Orth; H. B. Land

1971-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Noise figure and photon statistics in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). 11. J. Perina, "Photon statistics in Raman scattering with frequency mismatch," Optica Acta 28, 1529 (1981). 12. J. Perina, "Photon statistics in Raman scattering of intense coherent light," Optica Acta 28

Jalali. Bahram

326

Lighting Control Design | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Design Design Jump to: navigation, search Name Lighting Control & Design Place Glendale, California Zip CA 91201 Product California-based manufacturer of digital lighting controls and software. Coordinates 43.125946°, -87.928409° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.125946,"lon":-87.928409,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

327

Qinghai Lighting Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Qinghai Lighting Ltd Qinghai Lighting Ltd Place Xining, Qinghai Province, China Zip 810008 Sector Wind energy Product The institute owns advanced equipment for research which can develop PV power station, wind-PV power station, as well as design, installation, debug and test. Coordinates 36.62439°, 101.777443° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.62439,"lon":101.777443,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

328

Lighting Science Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Science Group Science Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Lighting Science Group Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75201 Product LED design company, with multiple patents pending in power management, bulb design and manufacturing processes which it collectively refers to as ODL (Optimized Digital Lighting) technology. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

329

Lighting Renovations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Renovations Lighting Renovations Lighting Renovations October 16, 2013 - 4:54pm Addthis When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide focuses on the renewable energy opportunities, energy efficiency may also present amble opportunity for energy and cost savings. Renewable Energy Options for Lighting Renovations Daylighting Photovoltaics Daylighting Daylighting maximizes the use of natural light in a space to reduce the need for artificial lighting. Incorporating daylighting into a lighting strategy should occur during the planning stage of design since it affects all aspects. Ambient light dimming controls are critical in daylighting, since the

330

Lighting Group: Controls: IBECS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IBECS IBECS Integrated Building Environmental Communications System Objective The overall technical goal of the IBECS project is to develop an integrated building equipment communications network that will allow appropriate automation of lighting and envelope systems to increase energy efficiency, improve building performance, and enhance occupant experience in the space. This network will provide a low-cost means for occupants to control local lighting and window systems, thereby improving occupant comfort, satisfaction and performance. A related goal is to improve existing lighting control components and accelerate development of new daylighting technologies that will allow daylighting to be more extensively applied to a larger proportion of building floor space.

331

Green Light Pulse Oximeter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflectance pulse oximeter that determines oxygen saturation of hemoglobin using two sources of electromagnetic radiation in the green optical region, which provides the maximum reflectance pulsation spectrum. The use of green light allows placement of an oximetry probe at central body sites (e.g., wrist, thigh, abdomen, forehead, scalp, and back). Preferably, the two green light sources alternately emit light at 560 nm and 577 nm, respectively, which gives the biggest difference in hemoglobin extinction coefficients between deoxyhemoglobin, RHb, and oxyhemoglobin, HbO.sub.2.

Scharf, John Edward (Oldsmar, FL)

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

332

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

336

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Spectrally enhanced lighting (SEL) is a cost-effective, low-risk design method for achieving significant energy savings. It entails shifting the color of lamps from the warmer to the cooler (whiter) end of the color spectrum, more closely matching daylight. Studies show that, with this color shift, occupants perceive lighting to be brighter and they are able to see more clearly. Since SEL provides the same levels of visual acuity with fewer lumens of output, SEL installations can be designed using fewer lamps or lower wattage lamps than traditional lighting.

337

Georgia Interfaith Power and Light - Energy Improvement Grants (Georgia) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia Interfaith Power and Light - Energy Improvement Grants Georgia Interfaith Power and Light - Energy Improvement Grants (Georgia) Georgia Interfaith Power and Light - Energy Improvement Grants (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Institutional Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Solar Program Info Funding Source The Kendeda Fund State Georgia Program Type Non-Profit Grant Program Provider Georgia Interfaith Power and Light Georgia Interfaith Power and Light (GIPL) offers grants of up to $10,000 to congregations or faith-based communities, including faith-based schools.

338

Seattle City Light - New Construction Incentive Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seattle City Light - New Construction Incentive Program Seattle City Light - New Construction Incentive Program Seattle City Light - New Construction Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Analysis Assistance: Contact Seattle City Light Commissioning Assistance: Contact Seattle City Light Prescriptive Commercial Rebates Lighting: $0.02 - $0.23/kWh saved or $3 - $86/fixture Lighting Controls: $0.20 - $0.26/kWh saved or $30 - $90/sensor HVAC Controls: $0.20 - $0.23 Chillers: $0.23-$0.34 per kWh saved Air Conditioners: $0.20 -$0.23 per kWh saved Heat Pumps $0.20-$0.27 per kWh saved Economizers: $0.20 - $0.23 Cooling Towers: $0.23 - $0.27 Server Virtualization: $150 per server removed

339

Columbia Water and Light - Commercial Super Saver Loans | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Water and Light - Commercial Super Saver Loans Columbia Water and Light - Commercial Super Saver Loans Columbia Water and Light - Commercial Super Saver Loans < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Solar Maximum Rebate $30,000 Program Info Start Date 06/01/2010 State Missouri Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Up to $30,000 Provider Columbia Water and Light Columbia Water and Light (CWL) provides Commercial Super Saver Loans, which allow C&I rate customers to replace a furnace along with a new central air conditioner or heat pump with an efficiency rating 11 EER or greater for units 6 tons or larger. No prepayment penalties are enforced through the

340

Seattle City Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seattle City Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Seattle City Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Seattle City Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 70% of cost Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $0.02 - $0.23/kWh saved or $3 - $86/fixture Lighting Controls: $0.20 - $0.26/kWh saved or $30 - $90/sensor HVAC Controls: $0.20 - $0.23 Chillers: $0.23-$0.34 per kWh saved Air Conditioners: $0.20 -$0.23 per kWh saved Heat Pumps $0.20-$0.27 per kWh saved

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to 70% of the equipment cost of a qualified efficiency upgrade Provider Central Hudson Gas and Electric Central Hudson Gas and Electric's (Central Hudson) Commercial Lighting Rebate Program is for businesses, retailers, institutional customers and non-profit customers of Central Hudson. The progam utilizes the services of Lime Energy to install new lighting fixtures with Central Hudson covering up to 70% of the cost. The 30 percent of cost remaining can be financed at

342

Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Retrofit Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $20,000 per project Program Info State Alaska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to $1,000/kW or 50% of the project cost Provider Golden Valley Electric Association BusBusiness $ense is a Golden Valley Electric Association (GVEA) program designed to increase the efficiency with which energy is used on GVEA's system. It provides rebates of up to $20,000 to existing facilities receiving the commercial rate who reduce their lighting loads through energy efficient lighting retrofit projects. Facilities on GVEA's

343

McMinnville Water and Light - Conservation Service Loan Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

McMinnville Water and Light - Conservation Service Loan Program McMinnville Water and Light - Conservation Service Loan Program McMinnville Water and Light - Conservation Service Loan Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $10,000 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $500-$10,000 Provider McMinnville Water and Light McMinnville Water and Light offers financing to residential and commercial customers to make energy efficient improvements to eligible facilities and homes. Financing is available for pre-approved conservation measures only.

344

Chicopee Electric Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chicopee Electric Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Chicopee Electric Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Massachusetts) Chicopee Electric Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Massachusetts) < Back Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $25,000; 30% of total cost if project did not recieve financing from CEL, 20% of total cost if project did recieve financing from CEL Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.17 per annual kWh saved Lighting: $0.17 per annual kWh saved New Construction: $0.17 per annual kWh saved Provider Program Administrator Chicopee Electric Light (CEL) offers a Pilot Energy Efficiency Program to encourage non-residential, commercial, and industrial facilities to pursue

345

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise Program Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Maximum Rebate $50,000 per customer/facility, or 100% of the project cost Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Light Fixtures: $2-$200 Lighting Controls: $0.10-$65 HVAC Equipment: $10-$30/ton Programmable Thermostat: $80 Window Glazing: $0.30/square foot

346

Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects < Back Eligibility Construction Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Windows: $0.39 - $1.55/sq. ft. Ceiling Insulation: $0.12-$0.23/sq. ft. Wall Insulation: $0.08 - $0.41/sq. ft. Slab Insulation: $0.13/sq. ft. Exterior Common Area Lighting Fixtures: $30/fixture Interior Common Area Lighting Fixtures: $0.20/first year kWh savings

347

Randolph EMC - Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program (North  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Randolph EMC - Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program Randolph EMC - Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program (North Carolina) Randolph EMC - Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Contact Randolph EMC Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 25% of upgrade cost Provider Randolph Electric Membership Corporation Agricultural members of Randolph EMC (REMC) who upgrade to energy-efficient CFL bulbs in agricultural facilities are eligible for an incentive to help cover the initial cost of installation. The cooperative will cover 25% of the cost of the lighting upgrade. The program targets the adoption of CFL lighting technology specifically. Contact REMC for questions regarding

348

Efficiency Maine Residential Lighting Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Program Lighting Program Efficiency Maine Residential Lighting Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Maine's System Benefit Charge, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, Forward Capacity Market and Maine Power Reliability Program State Maine Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Typically $1.25/bulb Efficiency Maine's Residential Lighting Program works directly with retailers and manufacturers to encourage residential customers to purchase energy-efficient lighting. Rebate amounts average $1.25/bulb and are available at the point of sale at participating retailers. Participating retailers will deduct the rebate amount at the cash register. (See the program web site for a list of participating retailers and additional

349

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

350

Lots of Light Literature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lots of Light Literature Lots of Light Literature The Teacher Resource Center contains a great variety of resources for all areas of science K-12. For the concepts of light here is a sampling of some of these resources. Science is Elementary - Spring 1995, vol. 6, no. 4. Science is Elementary is produced by the Museum Institute for Teaching Science, 79 Milk Street, Suite 210, Boston, MA 02109-3903. Science is Elementary is a newsletter we have admired for years. The topic of this issue deals with Color and Light. It contains content information to the teacher, trade secrets or teaching tips, "Book Looking" section and the section call "Sciencing" which includes a variety of activities. Science is Elementary is published quarterly. Subscription cost is: $22.00/year.

351

Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-U.S. Senator Jeff Bingaman, Chair, Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 2013-2025 * The Future of LED General Lighting 2013-2025 * The Promise of OLED General...

352

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviole

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

353

Comparing Light Bulbs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comparing Light Bulbs Grades: K-4, 5-8 Topic: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Owner: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency This educational material is brought to you by the U.S....

354

Sandia National Laboratories: (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the third and upcoming revolution (illumination). Topics cover the basics of light-emitting diode (LED) operation; a 200-year history of lighting technology; the importance of...

355

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

356

Theoretical models for Type I and Type II supernova  

SciTech Connect

Recent theoretical progress in understanding the origin and nature of Type I and Type II supernovae is discussed. New Type II presupernova models characterized by a variety of iron core masses at the time of collapse are presented and the sensitivity to the reaction rate /sup 12/C(..cap alpha..,..gamma..)/sup 16/O explained. Stars heavier than about 20 M/sub solar/ must explode by a ''delayed'' mechanism not directly related to the hydrodynamical core bounce and a subset is likely to leave black hole remnants. The isotopic nucleosynthesis expected from these massive stellar explosions is in striking agreement with the sun. Type I supernovae result when an accreting white dwarf undergoes a thermonuclear explosion. The critical role of the velocity of the deflagration front in determining the light curve, spectrum, and, especially, isotopic nucleosynthesis in these models is explored. 76 refs., 8 figs.

Woosley, S.E.; Weaver, T.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Lighting Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Design Lighting Design July 29, 2012 - 6:28pm Addthis Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/chandlerphoto. Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/chandlerphoto. How does it work? Buy ENERGY STAR-rated lighting for the highest quality, energy-efficient lighting. Use timers and other controls to turn lights on and off. Use outdoor solar lighting. Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. If you're constructing a new house, consider lighting as part of your whole-house design -- an

358

Light and Energy -Daylight measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light and Energy - Daylight measurements #12;Light and Energy - Daylight measurements Authors: Jens;3 Title Light and Energy Subtitle Daylight measurements Authors Jens Christoffersen, Ásta Logadóttir ............................................................................... 7 Measurement results: Kyosemi.................................................................. 9

359

Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to reduce energy use in lighting Union Carbide recently issued drastically reduced new lighting level standards. A computerized lighting cost program was also developed. Using this program a number of additional energy saving techniques...

Meharg, E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people reported using an incandescent dry cell flashlightpurchasers. Type of Light  Incandescent  LED dry cell  LED LED rechargeable, and incandescent dry cell flashlights were

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Portugal Egypt Figure 2. Natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Portugal Egypt Figure 2. Natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2012 (trillion cubic feet) Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 29.5 0.8 0.2 3.3 2.963 0.112 0.620 0.971 0.014 24.1 1.3 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.9 7.2 0.03 9.1 0.003 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and

362

Thermoelectric figure of merit of Ag{sub 2}Se with Ag and Se excess  

SciTech Connect

In the temperature range of 100-300 K, the electric ({sigma}) and thermoelectric ({alpha}{sub 0}) properties of Ag{sub 2}Se with an excess of Ag as high as {approx}0.1 at. % and Se as high as {approx}1.0 at. %, respectively, are investigated. From the data on {sigma}, {alpha}{sub 0}, and {chi}{sub tot} (thermal conductivities), the thermoelectric power {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and the figure of merit Z are calculated. It is found that {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and Z attain the peak values at room temperature and the electron concentration n {approx} 6.5 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}.

Aliev, F. F., E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az; Jafarov, M. B.; Eminova, V. I. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

High figure-of-merit ultrathin metal transparent electrodes incorporating a conductive grid  

SciTech Connect

It is known that ultrathin (<10 nm) metal films (UTMFs) can achieve high level of optical transparency at the expense of the electrical sheet resistance. In this letter, we propose a design, the incorporation of an ad hoc conductive grid, which can significantly reduce the sheet resistance of UTMF based transparent electrodes, leaving practically unchanged their transparency. The calculated highest figure-of-merit corresponds to a filling factor and a grid spacing-to-linewidth ratio of 0.025 and 39, respectively. To demonstrate the capability of the proposed method the sheet resistance of a continuous 2 nm Ni film (>950 OMEGA/square) is reduced to approx6.5 OMEGA/square when a 100 nm thick Cu grid is deposited on it. The transparency is instead maintained at values exceeding 75%. These results, which can be further improved by making thicker grids, already demonstrate the potential in applications, such as photovoltaic cells, optical detectors and displays.

Ghosh, D. S.; Chen, T. L. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); Pruneri, V. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); ICREA-Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

364

Thermoelectric figure of merit of silicide two-dimensional quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

The calculation was made to estimate thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, of quantum well structured films made of Transition Metal (TM) silicide, alloys of silicon and germanium, etc. 1-dimensional quantum confinement of charge carrier with quantum well structure were assumed in the calculation model. Transport properties parallel to the layer were estimated as a function of well width. Full account was made of Fermi statistics, and thermal conduction in the barrier layer was taken into account. Results of the calculation indicate that moderate increase in ZT is possible in modulated doping superlattice structure of TM silicides. But ZT decreases with decreasing well width in combinations of silicon and TM silicides. This is due to the larger thermal conductivity of silicon used as a barrier material.

Yamamoto, Z.; Ohta, T. [Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

366

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Angeles, CA to someone Los Angeles, CA to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium

368

Light absorption cell combining variable path and length pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for use in making spectrophotometric measurements of fluid samples. In particular, the device is a measurement cell containing a movable and a fixed lens with a sample of the fluid there between and through which light shines. The cell is connected to a source of light and a spectrophotometer via optic fibers. Movement of the lens varies the path length and also pumps the fluid into and out of the cell. Unidirectional inlet and exit valves cooperate with the movable lens to assure a one-way flow of fluid through the cell. A linear stepper motor controls the movement of the lens and cycles it from a first position closer to the fixed lens and a second position farther from the fixed lens, preferably at least 10 times per minute for a nearly continuous stream of absorption spectrum data. 2 figures.

Prather, W.S.

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

McMinnville Water and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

McMinnville Water and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate McMinnville Water and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs McMinnville Water and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount McMinnville Water and Light Company Provider McMinnville Water and Light McMinnville Water and Light Company offers a variety of rebates for commercial and industrial customers to make energy efficient improvements to eligible facilities. MW&L offers rebates in three categories: Lighting retrofits, motor replacements, and process efficiency. Past lighting projects have included fluorescent lighting retrofits, mercury vapor

370

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

371

Better Medicine Through Proper Lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adverse lighting conditions can seriously hinder medical diagnoses. Through the use of properly filtered light, medical professionals may dramatically improve viewing conditions for...

Czajkowski, Amber

372

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Insulation: $5000 (each type) Sealing: $1500 Multi-Family Insulation/Sealing: $5,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

373

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New Construction: Varies, see program web site Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

374

Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Two equipment rebates per customer per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator: $100 Clothes Washing Machine: $75 Central AC: $100 Room AC Unit: $50 Dishwasher: $75 Dehumidifier: $50 Provider Appliance Rebate Program Wellesley Municipal Light Plant (WMLP) offers a number of appliance rebates to residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment. Rebates are available for refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes

375

City Water Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City Water Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate City Water Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs City Water Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Refrigerator Recycling: 2 units Insulation: $1,000 Program Info State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: $150 Central Air Conditioner: $9 per kBTUh Air-Source Heat Pumps: $300/ton Geothermal Heat Pump: $500 Refrigerator Recycling: $50 per appliance Insulation: 30% Provider Energy Services Office City Water Light and Power (CWLP) offers rebates to Springfield residential

376

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Energy Efficiency Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Heat Pumps Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $50,000 Program Info Expiration Date 04/30/2013 State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to $50,000 Provider Incentive Programs Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers energy efficiency incentives to eligible commercial and industrial customers. Rebates of up to $50,000 are available to customers who wish to reduce energy consumption

377

Waverly Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Rebates Energy Efficiency Rebates Waverly Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Water Heating Maximum Rebate Appliance Recycling: $150 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Star New Home: $1,300 Heat Pump Water Heater: $500 LED Lighting: 50% of cost, up to $200 Central AC: $150 Air-Source Heat Pump: $150 Geothermal Heat Pump: $450 Clothes Washer: $75 Refrigerator: $50 Appliance Recycling: $75 Provider Waverly Light and Power Waverly Light and Power (WL&P) offers rebates for the purchase and

378

Traverse City Light & Power Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Traverse City Light & Power Wind Farm Traverse City Light & Power Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Traverse City Light & Power Wind Farm Facility Traverse City Light & Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Traverse City Light & Power Developer Traverse City Light & Power Energy Purchaser Traverse City Light & Power Location Traverse City MI Coordinates 44.777032°, -85.689917° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.777032,"lon":-85.689917,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

379

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types of Lights > Lit Floorspace In Lit Buildings Types of Lights > Lit Floorspace In Lit Buildings Lit Floorspace in Lit Buildings To analyze the use of different kinds of lighting equipment with data from the 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), building floorspace can be described in three different ways: total floorspace in all buildings; total floorspace in lit buildings; and total lit floorspace in buildings. The latter two measures of floorspace with lighting differ because not all of the floorspace in lit buildings is illuminated (see Table 1): Table 1: Floorspace Denominators Used To Analyze Lighting Equipment Usage (Million Square Feet) 1995 CBECS Total Floorspace in All Buildings: 58, 772 1995 CBECS Total Floorspace in Lit Buildings: 56, 261 1995 CBECS Total Lit Floorspace in Buildings: 50, 303

380

Solar lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

lighting lighting Jump to: navigation, search Introductory Facts About Solar Lights It is not just a normal light bulb.The solar light consists of a LED or Light Emitting Diode, which draw little power. Coupled with constantly recharging batteries, you will never run out of light! They will save the customer money. By Replacing all outdoor lighting with solar lights there is no need to plug in to the electrical system. The lights will automatically turn on at dusk and will be charged during the day. They help out the environment.Not only does not plugging in to the power system save money but also energy, therefore protecting the Earth. Easy to Install No wires necessary, just pop in the battery. They come in all designs Just because they are solar lights doesn't

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381

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

382

Sandia National Laboratories: White Light Creation Architectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TechnologiesWhite Light Creation Architectures White Light Creation Architectures Overview of SSL White Light Creation Architectures The entire spectral range of visible light can...

383

Marblehead Municipal Light Department - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marblehead Municipal Light Department - Residential Energy Marblehead Municipal Light Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Marblehead Municipal Light Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Insulation: $1,600 Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerators: $100, plus $25 for disposal of old refrigerator Clothes Washers: $50 - $100 Dishwashers: $25 - $50 Room A/C Units: 50% of purchase price up to $50 Central A/C: $325 - $525, varies by efficiency and technology Heat Pumps: $325 - $675, varies by efficiency and technology Programmable Thermostat: up to 50% of the purchase price

384

Marblehead Municipal Light Department Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marblehead Municipal Light Department Smart Grid Project Marblehead Municipal Light Department Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Marblehead Municipal Light Department Country United States Headquarters Location Marblehead, Massachusetts Recovery Act Funding $1,346,175.00 Total Project Value $2,692,350.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Marblehead Municipal Light Department Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.500096°, -70.8578253° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

385

Progressive Lighting And Energy Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Progressive Lighting And Energy Solutions Inc Progressive Lighting And Energy Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Progressive Lighting And Energy Solutions Inc Place Tustin, California Zip 92780 Product California-based energy efficient lighting and energy solution company. Coordinates 44.102725°, -85.458334° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.102725,"lon":-85.458334,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

386

Zhongshan Quanxin Electric Lighting Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zhongshan Quanxin Electric Lighting Co Ltd Zhongshan Quanxin Electric Lighting Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Zhongshan Quanxin Electric Lighting Co Ltd Place Zhongshan, China Zip 528411 Sector Solar Product Chinese light manufactuere who is building a 10MW a-Si thin-film solar cell factory. Coordinates 22.516701°, 113.366699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.516701,"lon":113.366699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

387

Zhejiang Guangyi Light Energy Technologies Co Gytech | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zhejiang Guangyi Light Energy Technologies Co Gytech Zhejiang Guangyi Light Energy Technologies Co Gytech Jump to: navigation, search Name Zhejiang Guangyi Light Energy Technologies Co (Gytech) Place Zhuji, Zhejiang Province, China Sector Solar Product Solar products company engaged in PV cell and module as well solar heating and lighting systems production. Coordinates 29.71121°, 120.245216° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.71121,"lon":120.245216,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

388

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options to choose replacement light bulbs. You can save energy and money by replacing any standard incandescent from The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes, LRC 1993. Lighting Energy Use by Room BR · Note the type

Bystroff, Chris

389

Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting April 29, 2010 - 4:59pm Addthis When this photograph was taken, the upper floors of Wisconsin’s Department of Transportation were using a new lighting plan from EPS, while the lower ones were still using the pre-audit lighting scheme. | Photo Courtesy of Energy Performance Specialists, LLC When this photograph was taken, the upper floors of Wisconsin's Department of Transportation were using a new lighting plan from EPS, while the lower ones were still using the pre-audit lighting scheme. | Photo Courtesy of Energy Performance Specialists, LLC Joshua DeLung Wisconsin-based Energy Performance Specialists LLC is helping clients reduce energy consumption in a very simple way-by just using less.

390

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York This Environmental Assessment addresses the proposed action by the U.S. Department of Energy to upgrade the facilities of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex, namely the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), the Accelerator Test Facility and the Source Development Laboratory. The environmental effects of a No-Action Alternative as well as a Proposed Action are evaluated in the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment Fact Sheet” link below leads to a one-page summary of the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment” link below leads to the whole 41-page

391

Lighting Technology Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Panel Technology Panel Federal Utility Partnership Working Group N b 2009 November 1 1 8, 2009 Doug Avery Southern California Edison Southern California Edison National Energy Conservation M d t Mandates * There are Federal and State Mandates to reduce energy consumption - California Investor Owned Electric Utilities are ordered to save around 3 Billion kWh's each y year from 2007-2113 - Federal buildings ordered to reduce electrical Federal buildings ordered to reduce electrical energy consumption 35% by 2012 Energy Consump ption gy Lighting accounts for 42 7% of energy consumption Lighting accounts for 42.7% of energy consumption Data Courtesy of SDG&E Data Courtesy of SDG&E Energy Consump ption gy More than ¾ of the lighting load is non-residential. Data Courtesy of SDG&E

392

Light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

made with materials that can offer convenient areas to sit or rest while working (Figure 4).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Containers using light-weight pots and soil mixes can be placed on wheeled caddies for easy and convenient. If you want to learn more about horticulture through training and volunteer work, ask your Extension, Va. Tech" to The Virginia Gardener, Department of Horticulture, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 124061

Liskiewicz, Maciej

394

Locations Everyone: Lights, Camera, Action!  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Locations Everyone: Lights, Camera, Action! ... Harvard Institute of Proteomics Harvard Medical School ...

Robert F. Murphy; Joshua LaBaer

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

395

Extreme Ultraviolet Light Chris Cosio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospectus Extreme Ultraviolet Light Chris Cosio #12;The field of extreme ultraviolet light (XUV to the way XUV interacts with object, XUV properties are difficult to observe. Extreme ultraviolet light is absorbed by all objects it comes in contact with. Furthermore, extreme ultraviolet light also has low

Hart, Gus

396

Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Lighting: $0.05/kWh saved + $50/kW saved Custom Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: $0.10/kWh saved + $100/kW saved Custom Other: $0.08/kWh saved + $100/kW saved New Construction Rebates: Custom

397

NREL-Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Webinar |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Webinar NREL-Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Webinar, Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/state_local_activities/webinar_2010 Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Screenshot References: Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs[1] Logo: Lessons Learned from Energy Efficiency Lighting Programs Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance

398

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Contact Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Farm Energy Audit: Free Automatic Milker Takeoffs: $5/cow Dairy Scroll Compressor: $250 Heat Reclaimers: $5/cow Milk Precooler: $3.40/cow Variable Speed Drives for Dairy Vacuum Pumps: $5/cow Motors: Up to $1080 Variable Frequency Drives: $30/HP

399

ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois) ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois) ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge Start Date 06/01/2012 State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by technology ComEd offers the Business Instant Lighting Discounts program to businesses, multi-family properties and private schools. Incentives are available on a variety of reduced wattage lamps which can be installed as a direct replacement for standard lamps without having to rewire the fixture. Eligible lamps include screw-in CFLs, reduced wattage T8 and T5 linear

400

Concord Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concord Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Concord Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Concord Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Electric Heat Weatherization: $1,000 Central Air Conditioners: $1,500 CFLs/LEDs/Exit Signs: 30 bulbs or signs Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Electric Heat Weatherization: $1,000 Central Air Conditioners: $1,500 CFLs/LEDs/Exit Signs: 30 bulbs or signs Provider Customer Service Concord Municipal Light Plant (CMLP) offers its residential customers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

North Branch Municipal Water and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Branch Municipal Water and Light - Residential Energy North Branch Municipal Water and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program North Branch Municipal Water and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: See program website Room A/C: $25, plus $25 for recycling an old, working unit Central A/C: $100 - $200, plus additional rebate for efficiency ratings above 14.5 SEER Air Source Heat Pump:$100 - $200, plus additional rebate for efficiency ratings above 14.5 SEER Geothermal Heat Pump:$200/ton, plus $25/ton for every 1 EER above minimum

402

Standardizing Communication Between Lighting Control Devices: A Role for IEEE P1451  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controller Controller sensor actuator sensor sensor actuator actuator Building equipment Building equipment Building equipment Environmental Variables: Temperature Light Airflow Occupancy CO 2 É Fire É Figure 1. Shown is a generic diagram of the relationship between controller, actuators and sensors in a typical building control application. Sensors detect the key environmental parameters, while the controller "decides" which actuator is to be controlled and how. The actuators operate the building equipment, which, in turn affects the building environment. The physical connection between controller and actuator and controller and sensor usually takes place over wires carrying an analog signal. Standardizing Communication Between Lighting Control Devices A Role for IEEE P1451

403

Another Side of Light - D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Three quantum phenomena D. Three quantum phenomena In fluorescence, matter absorbs light waves of a high frequency and then emits light of the same or lower frequency. This process was studied and named by George Gabriel Stokes in the mid-19th century. Today, fluorescence is familiar to us from fluorescent light bulbs. A fluorescent bulb's filament produces ultraviolet light, which is absorbed by the bulb's inner coating, which then emits lower-frequency visible light-more visible light than an incandescent bulb produces with the same wattage. According to the hypothesis of light quanta, during fluorescence an atom absorbs a quantum of light whose energy is proportional to the light wave's frequency. If the atom doesn't supply any extra energy of its own, the light quantum emitted should either have the same energy or less energy

404

Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Tips: Lighting May 4, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. What does this mean for me? Replacing 15 inefficient incandescent bulbs in your home with energy-saving bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For the greatest savings, replace your old incandescent bulbs with ENERGY STAR-qualified bulbs. An average household dedicates about 10% of its energy budget to lighting. Switching to energy-efficient lighting is one of the fastest ways to cut your energy bills. Timers and motion sensors save you even more money by reducing the amount of time lights are on but not being used.

405

Electrochromic-photovoltaic film for light-sensitive control of optical transmittance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable transmittance optical component includes an electrochromic material and a photovoltaic device-type thin film solar cell deposited in a tandem type, monolithic single coating over the component. A bleed resistor of a predetermined value is connected in series across the electrochromic material and photovoltaic device controlling the activation and deactivation of the electrochromic material. The electrical conductivity between the electrochromic material and the photovoltaic device is enhanced by interposing a transparent electrically conductive layer. 5 figures.

Branz, H.M.; Crandall, R.S.; Tracy, C.E.

1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

406

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

407

Light sources based on semiconductor current filaments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a new type of semiconductor light source that can produce a high peak power output and is not injection, e-beam, or optically pumped. The present invention is capable of producing high quality coherent or incoherent optical emission. The present invention is based on current filaments, unlike conventional semiconductor lasers that are based on p-n junctions. The present invention provides a light source formed by an electron-hole plasma inside a current filament. The electron-hole plasma can be several hundred microns in diameter and several centimeters long. A current filament can be initiated optically or with an e-beam, but can be pumped electrically across a large insulating region. A current filament can be produced in high gain photoconductive semiconductor switches. The light source provided by the present invention has a potentially large volume and therefore a potentially large energy per pulse or peak power available from a single (coherent) semiconductor laser. Like other semiconductor lasers, these light sources will emit radiation at the wavelength near the bandgap energy (for GaAs 875 nm or near infra red). Immediate potential applications of the present invention include high energy, short pulse, compact, low cost lasers and other incoherent light sources.

Zutavern, Fred J. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); O'Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Chow, Weng W. (Cedar Crest, NM); Vawter, G. Allen (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Tokyo Street Lights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that you have only 17, no 16, no 15 seconds left to get to the other side before the light changes and the impatient American drivers put the pedal to the metal and it's road kill time. Talk about stress! In Tokyo, crossing the street is a leisurely...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Radioluminescent polymer lights  

SciTech Connect

The preparation of radioluminescent light sources where the tritium is located on the aryl-ring in a polymer has been demonstrated with deuterium/tritium substitution. This report discusses tests, results, and future applications of radioluminescent polymers. 10 refs. (FI)

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Environmental Preferences LIGHT: Sunny.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Preferences LIGHT: Sunny. SOIL: Well-drained, deep sandy loam. FERTILITY: Medium beans BeansDiane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Alan McDaniel, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech are yellow and waxy in appearance, their flavor is only subtly

Liskiewicz, Maciej

411

Studies in Light Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... interested in that subject. The collection consists of ten chapters which have appeared in The Electrician, together with two others. It may at once be said that the contents are ... contents are not only extremely interesting, but will also serve as a useful and important handbook for lighting engineers. ...

1912-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

412

Multiple-Filled Skutterudites: High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit through Separately Optimizing Electrical and Thermal Transports  

SciTech Connect

Skutterudites CoSb{sub 3} with multiple cofillers Ba, La, and Yb were synthesized and very high thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = 1.7 at 850 K was realized. X-ray diffraction of the densified multiple-filled bulk samples reveals all samples are phase pure. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis confirm that multiple guest fillers occupy the nanoscale-cages in the skutterudites. The fillers are further shown to be uniformly distributed and the Co-Sb skutterudite framework is virtually unperturbed from atomic scale to a few micrometers. Our results firmly show that high power factors can be realized by adjusting the total filling fraction of fillers with different charge states to reach the optimum carrier density, at the same time, lattice thermal conductivity can also be significantly reduced, to values near the glass limit of these materials, through combining filler species of different rattling frequencies to achieve broad-frequency phonon scattering. Therefore, partially filled skutterudites with multiple fillers of different chemical nature render unique structural characteristics for optimizing electrical and thermal transports in a relatively independent way, leading to continually enhanced ZT values from single- to double-, and finally to multiple-filled skutterudites. The idea of combining multiple fillers with different charge states and rattling frequencies for performance optimization is also expected to be valid for other caged TE compounds.

Zhang, Weiqing [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yang, Jiong [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yang, Jihui [General Motors Corporation; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Salvador, James R. [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Shi, Xun [General Motors Corporation-R& D; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Cho, Jung Y [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Bai, Shengqiang [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Chen, Lidong [Chinese Academy of Sciences

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Phase transition enhanced thermoelectric figure-of-merit in copper chalcogenides  

SciTech Connect

While thermoelectric materials can be used for solid state cooling, waste heat recovery, and solar electricity generation, low values of the thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, have led to an efficiency too low for widespread use. Thermoelectric effects are characterized by the Seebeck coefficient or thermopower, which is related to the entropy associated with charge transport. For example, coupling spin entropy with the presence of charge carriers has enabled the enhancement of zT in cobalt oxides. We demonstrate that the coupling of a continuous phase transition to carrier transport in Cu{sub 2}Se over a broad (360–410 K) temperature range results in a dramatic peak in thermopower, an increase in phonon and electron scattering, and a corresponding doubling of zT (to 0.7 at 406 K), and a similar but larger increase over a wider temperature range in the zT of Cu{sub 1.97}Ag{sub .03}Se (almost 1.0 at 400 K). The use of structural entropy for enhanced thermopower could lead to new engineering approaches for thermoelectric materials with high zT and new green applications for thermoelectrics.

Brown, David R.; Day, Tristan; Snyder, G. Jeffrey, E-mail: jsnyder@caltech.edu [Department of Applied Physics and Materials Science, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Borup, Kasper A.; Christensen, Sebastian; Iversen, Bo B. [Department of Chemistry and iNano, Aarhus University, Aarhus 8000 (Denmark)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

News From the D.C. Office: Monitored Savings from Energy-Efficient Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. 3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. News From the D.C. Office Monitored Savings from Energy-Efficient Lighting in D.C. Office More on the DC Office efficiency up-grade: Office Equipment: Part 1, Part 2 Figure 1: Lighting energy use profile for a typical exterior office. Berkeley Lab's office in Washington, D.C. is located a few blocks from DOE headquarters, in a five-year-old office building constructed mainly for lease to Federal agencies and their contractors. Despite its recent vintage, the building's standard lighting specifications were far from today's best, cost-effective practice. In designing the build-out plans for offices and meeting rooms in our 7,500-square-foot suite, we wanted to showcase some of the energy-efficient lighting and office equipment developed for DOE's Building Technologies

415

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

417

Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar and wind energy systems. 7 If anticipated improvements in LED lighting system performance (Lighting Africa,

Alstone, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposals In Situ Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Advanced Li-ion BatteriesFigure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information (8300 28th Ct NE, Unit 200, Lacey, Washington 98516) Electrochemical energy storage devices (EES

419

Enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit in edge-disordered zigzag graphene nanoribbons H. Sevinli* and G. Cuniberti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

qualify zigzag graphene nanoribbons as a very promising material for thermoelectric applications. DOI: 10Enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit in edge-disordered zigzag graphene nanoribbons H. Sevinçli* and G. Cuniberti Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Dresden

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

420

Figure 1. Photolithography techniques are used to create microfluidic flow cells where biofouling can be studied for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. Photolithography techniques are used to create microfluidic flow cells where biofouling and construct microfluidic flow cells for real-time observation of bacterial attachment and biofouling. He microfluidic devices, and computer multiphysics simulation with COMSOL. The student will also learn to work

Shor, Leslie McCabe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable microbial biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable and fertilized Corn: flood irrigated and fertilized Wheat-Fallow: a dryland winter wheat cropping system C and N mineralization rates (data not shown) than other ecosystems, suggesting that energy

Hall, Sharon J.

422

Light with nonzero chemical potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic states and processes involving light are discussed in which the chemical potential of light is nonzero. Light with nonzero chemical potential is produced in photochemical reactions for example in a light emitting diode. The chemical potential of black-body radiation becomes negative upon a Joule expansion. The isothermal diffusion of light which is a common phenomenon is driven by the gradient in the chemical potential. These and other examples support the idea that light can be interpreted as a gas of photons with properties similar to a material gas.

F. Herrmann; P. Würfel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

424

Lighting Designer Roundtable on Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Roundtable meeting in Chicago of a group of lighting designers focused on examining solid-state lighting (SSL) market and technology issues and encouraging a discussion of designers’ experiences, ideas, and recommendations regarding SSL & SSL industry.

425

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

426

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report 2001 Report 2001 National Synchrotron Light Source For the period October 1, 2000 through September 30, 2001 Introduction Science Highlights Year in Review Operations Publications Abstracts Nancye Wright & Lydia Rogers The National Synchrotron Light Source Department is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven Science Associates, Inc. Upton, New York 11973 Under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 Mary Anne Corwin Steven N. Ehrlich & Lisa M. Miller Managing Editor Science Editors Production Assistants Cover images (clockwise from top left) 1. from Science Highlight by K.R. Rajashankar, M.R. Chance, S.K. Burley, J. Jiang, S.C. Almo, A. Bresnick, T. Dodatko, R. Huang, G. He,

427

Fusion pumped light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the laser medium.

Pappas, Daniel S. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

429

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $25,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $1,500 - $25,000 Provider Customer Service Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells

430

BALANCING NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING IN ENERGY CONSERVING COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES: A MONTHLY ENERGY MODEL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A model is proposed to calculate the heating and lighting energy fluxes in any type of greenhouse. A probabilistic approach is used to estimate the fractional time that the lighting system has to provide supplemental light at a given level. The comparisons with a one-year measured data set are satisfactory. The lamps contributed significantly (42%) to the heating load. The energy conservation potential of adding a thermal curtain or a heat storage is determined. The balance between the natural and artificial light levels is discussed, as well as the constraints to the artificial lighting technology. KEYWORDS Greenhouse, artificial lighting, energy modelling, photosynthetically active radiation, storage, energy conservation.

Christian GUEYMARD

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

First Light SOFIA Instruments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy SOFIA will become operational with the next two years. It will be the biggest astronomical airborne observatory ever build, comprising a 3m-class telescope onboard a Boeing 747SP. A suite of first-light instruments is under development striving for cutting edge technology to make SOFIA a milestone in infrared astronomy. Here we present an overview over the instrumentation and an update on the current status.

Alfred Krabbe; Sean C. Casey

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

432

Development of Figure of Merits (FOMs) for Intermediate Coolant Characterization and Selection  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on characterization of several coolant performances in the IHTL. There are lots of choices available for the IHTL coolants; gases, liquid metals, molten salts, and etc. Traditionally, the selection of coolants is highly dependent on engineer's experience and decisions. In this decision, the following parameters are generally considered: melting point, vapor pressure, density, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, viscosity, and coolant chemistry. The followings are general thermal-hydraulic requirements for the coolant in the IHTL: (1) High heat transfer performance - The IHTL coolant should exhibit high heat transfer performance to achieve high efficiency and economics; (2) Low pumping power - The IHTL coolant requires low pumping power to improve economics through less stringent pump requirements; (3) Low amount of coolant volume - The IHTL coolant requires less coolant volume for better economics; (4) Low amount of structural materials - The IHTL coolant requires less structural material volume for better economics; (5) Low heat loss - The IHTL requires less heat loss for high efficiency; and (6) Low temperature drop - The IHTL should allow less temperature drop for high efficiency. Typically, heat transfer coolants are selected based on various fluid properties such as melting point, vapor pressure, density, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, viscosity, and coolant chemistry. However, the selection process & results are highly dependent on the engineer's personal experience and skills. In the coolant selection, if a certain coolant shows superior properties with respect to the others, the decision will be very straightforward. However, generally, each coolant material exhibits good characteristics for some properties but poor for the others. Therefore, it will be very useful to have some figures of merits (FOMs), which can represent and quantify various coolant thermal performances in the system of interest. The study summarized in this paper focuses on developing general FOMs for the IHTL coolant selection and shows some estimation results.

Eung Soo Kim; Piyush Sabharwall; Nolan Anderson

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Solid State Lighting Program (Falcon)  

SciTech Connect

Over the past two years, KLA-Tencor and partners successfully developed and deployed software and hardware tools that increase product yield for High Brightness LED (HBLED) manufacturing and reduce product development and factory ramp times. This report summarizes our development effort and details of how the results of the Solid State Light Program (Falcon) have started to help HBLED manufacturers optimize process control by enabling them to flag and correct identified killer defect conditions at any point of origin in the process manufacturing flow. This constitutes a quantum leap in yield management over current practice. Current practice consists of die dispositioning which is just rejection of bad die at end of process based upon probe tests, loosely assisted by optical in-line monitoring for gross process deficiencies. For the first time, and as a result of our Solid State Lighting Program, our LED manufacturing partners have obtained the software and hardware tools that optimize individual process steps to control killer defects at the point in the processes where they originate. Products developed during our two year program enable optimized inspection strategies for many product lines to minimize cost and maximize yield. The Solid State Lighting Program was structured in three phases: i) the development of advanced imaging modes that achieve clear separation between LED defect types, improves signal to noise and scan rates, and minimizes nuisance defects for both front end and back end inspection tools, ii) the creation of defect source analysis (DSA) software that connect the defect maps from back-end and front-end HBLED manufacturing tools to permit the automatic overlay and traceability of defects between tools and process steps, suppress nuisance defects, and identify the origin of killer defects with process step and conditions, and iii) working with partners (Philips Lumileds) on product wafers, obtain a detailed statistical correlation of automated defect and DSA map overlay to failed die identified using end product probe test results. Results from our two year effort have led to “automated end-to-end defect detection” with full defect traceability and the ability to unambiguously correlate device killer defects to optically detected features and their point of origin within the process. Success of the program can be measured by yield improvements at our partner’s facilities and new product orders.

Meeks, Steven

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

AEDG Recommendations - Lighting Overview | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Overview Lighting Overview This course provides an overview of the lighting recommendations provided in the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides (30% Series). Estimated Length: 56 minutes Presenters: Michael Lane, Lighting Design Lab Original Webcast Date: Thursday, July 31, 2008 - 13:00 CEUs Offered: 1.0 AIA/CES LU (HSW); .10 CEUs towards ICC renewal certification. Course Type: Video Downloads: Presentation Slides Video Watch on YouTube Visit the BECP Online Training Center for instructions on how to obtain a certificate of completion. Building Type: Commercial Focus: Adoption Compliance Code Version: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 Target Audience: Advocate Policy Maker State Official Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Wednesday, July 18, 2012 - 16:08

435

Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes | Building Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes Automatic shutoff capability for all interior building lighting (with exceptions) is required by ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 (as well as previous versions back to 1999) and the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (including versions back to 2003) for buildings over 5,000ft2. Publication Date: Thursday, March 10, 2011 cn_automatic_lighting_shutoff_for_tenant_spaces.pdf Document Details Document Number: PNNL-SA-66719 Prepared by: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 2009 IECC Document type: Code Notes Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official

436

Comparing Commercial Lighting Energy Requirements | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparing Commercial Lighting Energy Requirements Comparing Commercial Lighting Energy Requirements ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 and the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code include requirements for interior and exterior lighting in new construction, additions, and alterations for all commercial buildings, including residential structures with four or more stories above grade. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 ta_comparing_commercial_lighting_energy_requirements.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Document Number: PNNL-SA-49098 Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 2003 IECC Document type: Technical Articles Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Wednesday, July 25, 2012 - 15:22

437

High Hats, Swiss Cheese, and Fluorescent Lighting?  

SciTech Connect

For DOE, PNNL is conducting a competitive procurement to promote market introduction of new residential recessed downlights (also known as ''recessed cans'' or ''high hats'') that are airtight, rated for insulated ceilings, and hard-wired for CFLs. This paper discusses the potential energy savings of new high-efficiency downlights, and the results of product testing to date. Recessed downlights are the most popular residential lighting fixtures in the United States, with 21.7 million fixtures sold in 2000. An estimated 350 million are currently installed in American homes. Recessed cans are relatively inexpensive, and provide an unobtrusive, directed source of light for kitchens, hallways, and living rooms. Recessed cans are energy-intensive in three ways. First, virtually all recessed cans currently installed in the residential sector use incandescent light sources, typically reflector-type lamps drawing 65-150 watts. Second, heat from incandescent lamps adds to air-conditioning loads. Third, most installed recessed cans are not airtight, so they allow conditioned air to escape from the living area into unconditioned spaces such as attics. Addressing both lighting energy use and air leakage in recessed cans has proven challenging. Lighting energy efficiency is greatly improved by using CFLs. Air leakage can be addressed by making fixtures airtight. But when CFLs are used in an airtight recessed can, heat generated by the lamp and ballast is trapped within the fixture. Excessive heat causes reduced light output and shorter lifespan of the CFL. The procurement was designed to overcome these technical challenges and make new products available in the marketplace.

McCullough, Jeffrey J.; Gordon, Kelly L.

2002-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

Figure 2 Known and speculative Eocene-Oligocene paleovalleys of northern California and western Nevada. Lower portions of channels from Lindgren (1911) and Lawler (1995). Some central Nevada calderas shown.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dayton Kings Beach Reno Sparks Sun Valley Yerington Dutch Hill Mine Bean Hill Spanish Peak TaylorsLake FIGURE 8 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 6 Taylorsville N 0 10 20 0 10 20 miles 30 kilometers CALIFORNIA NEVADA LassenCounty SierraCounty Plumas County Figure 4 Map of known and speculative Eocene-Oligocene paleovalleys

Tingley, Joseph V.

439

Solid-State Lighting: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Contacts Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Web site and program contacts are provided below. Website Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about information on this site. Program Contacts Contact information for the Solid-State Lighting Program. Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov Content Last Updated: 02/14

440

Solid-State Lighting: Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications to someone by Publications to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Publications The Solid-State Lighting (SSL) program produces a comprehensive portfolio of publications, ranging from overviews of the program's research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Plastics That Play on Light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...instrument. In most materials, the "strings" respond with the same note, only...reduced when light sets the electrons oscillating. The loss ofaromatic stability sets...double bonds, light sets electrons oscillating between electron-attract-ing (right...

David Bradley

1993-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

442

Webinar: Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting, originally presented on November 13, 2012.

443

Photodetector with enhanced light absorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photodetector including a light transmissive electrically conducting layer having a textured surface with a semiconductor body thereon. This layer traps incident light thereby enhancing the absorption of light by the semiconductor body. A photodetector comprising a textured light transmissive electrically conducting layer of SnO.sub.2 and a body of hydrogenated amorphous silicon has a conversion efficiency about fifty percent greater than that of comparative cells. The invention also includes a method of fabricating the photodetector of the invention.

Kane, James (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source System Benefits Charge State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Lighting Retrofit: 70% of cost Provider RG&E and NYSEG RG&E offers a lighting incentive program designed to serve small business customers with a demand of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. These small business customers may schedule a free energy assessment and then receive a 70% discount on the installed cost of recommended lighting measures. Eligible lighting measures include the retrofitting of fluorescent fixtures,

445

Growth and pigment content of Gracilaria tikvahiae McLachlan under fluorescent and LED lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Light emitting diode (LED) technology has significant potential advantages over other light sources in algal aquaculture. This study investigated \\{LEDs\\} as light sources for the culture of Gracilaria tikvahiae. We cultured a wild-type and a green mutant strain of G. tikvahiae, comparing growth rate and tissue chlorophyll a, total carotenoids, and phycobiliprotein concentrations under high output cool white fluorescent, pure primary color LED, and mixed LED lighting. Under monochromatic light, the growth rates under high output cool white fluorescent lighting were significantly higher than rates under pure LED light (all three colors for wild strain and green and blue for green mutant). However, when pure color LED lighting was mixed (50%/50%), the red + green (wild-type strain and green mutant) and the green + blue LED combinations (wild-type only) showed growth rates similar to those under high output cool white fluorescent lighting. In the trichromatic experiment, growth of the wild-type strain under mixed three-color (40%/40%/20%) LED light was indistinguishable from those of the fluorescent control lighting. Chlorophyll a and carotenoid concentrations of Gracilaria grown in the dichromatic light experiment were 55% and 74% higher, respectively, under red + blue LED lighting than under the other light treatments. The wild-type strain of G. tikvahiae possessed significantly greater concentrations of chlorophyll a, and phycoerythrin than did the green mutant, while green mutant thalli had higher phycocyanin levels. With rising LED efficiency and energy savings, \\{LEDs\\} will be an increasingly better choice for indoor seaweed cultivation, especially if control of pigment production and morphogenesis by selective use of particular wavelengths is desirable.

Jang K. Kim; Yunxiang Mao; George Kraemer; Charles Yarish

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Arnold Schwarzenegger, LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;Prepared By: Lighting Research Center Andrew Bierman, Project Lead Troy, New York 12180 Managed ByArnold Schwarzenegger, Governor LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 3.2 ENERGY EFFICIENT LOAD- SHEDDING LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research

447

Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central A/C: $109 - $384 Heat Pumps: $259 - $701 Heat Pumps Water Heaters: $300 Provider Independence Power and Light Independence Power and Light (IPL) offers rebates to residential customers for purchasing new, energy efficient appliances. Rebates are available on central air conditioning systems, heat pumps, and water heaters. Rebates on equipment vary based upon size, capacity, and efficiency of the unit. See

448

Kansas City Power and Light - Cool Homes Residential Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kansas City Power and Light - Cool Homes Residential Rebate Program Kansas City Power and Light - Cool Homes Residential Rebate Program Kansas City Power and Light - Cool Homes Residential Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount SEER 14/15: $650 SEER 16/Greater: $850 Provider Kansas City Power and Light Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers rebates to residential customers to help offset the cost of replacing inefficient central AC and heat pump systems with newer, more efficient models. In order to qualify for a rebate, the system being replaced must have an EER of 8.0 or less, as tested by a CheckMe!-trained HVAC contractor. The replacement of "dead"

449

Independence Power and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independence Power and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Independence Power and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Independence Power and Light - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $20,000, or 30% of the total project cost annually per organization Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount High Performance T-8 Systems: $20-$30 Reduced-Wattage T-8 Systems: $20-$30 Standard T-8 Lamp: $2 Standard T-8 Electric Ballast: $10 400W HID Replacement (250W or less T8, T5, or T5HO Fluorescent): $75 Pulse Start Metal Halide Fixture: $50

450

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Other Construction Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $50,000 per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Energy Incentive: $0.10 per annual kWh saved Demand Incentive: $500 per kW saved during Summer Peak Period Cooling Efficiency Room AC: $50 - $110/ton, plus $3.50 - $5.00 for each 0.1 above minimum

451

Ameren Illinois - Lighting Rebates for Businesses | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Lighting Rebates for Businesses - Lighting Rebates for Businesses Ameren Illinois - Lighting Rebates for Businesses < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $600,000/year/facility Incentives $1-$200,000: paid at 100% Incentives $200,000- $600,000: paid at 50% Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge Expiration Date 5/31/2013 State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent U-Bend Relamp and Reballast: $0.25/watt reduced T12 to T8 Relamp and Reballast: $0.25/watt reduced T12 to T5 Fluorescent Fixture: $0.25/watt reduced T8 to reduced wattage T8 or T5 Relamp and Reballast: $0.40/watt reduced

452

Duquesne Light Company - Residential Energy Efficiency Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duquesne Light Company - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Duquesne Light Company - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Duquesne Light Company - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Star Dehumidifier: $24 Energy Star Freezer: $10 Energy Star Refrigerator: $24 Energy Star Room A/C: $24 Energy Star Dishwasher with Electric Water Heater: $24 Energy Star Clothes Washer - (Electric Water Heating Only): $24 Electric Clothes Dryer with Moisture Sensor: $24 Swimming Pool Pump, Two-Speed or Variable Speed: $57

453

Duquesne Light Company - Residential Solar Water Heating Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duquesne Light Company - Residential Solar Water Heating Program Duquesne Light Company - Residential Solar Water Heating Program Duquesne Light Company - Residential Solar Water Heating Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info Start Date 11/30/2009 Expiration Date 03/31/2013 State Pennsylvania Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $286/system Provider Duquesne Light Company Duquesne Light provides rebates to its residential customers for purchasing and installing qualifying solar water heating systems. Eligible systems may receive a flat rebate of $286 per qualifying system. Various equipment, installation, contractor, and warranty requirements apply, as summarized above and described in more detail in program documents. Customers must

454

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric) - Commercial Energy Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Custom: 50% of project cost Program Info Start Date 06/09/2011 State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T8 Fixtures: $5 - $18 /system or $0.50 /lamp Fluorescents: $4 - $125 CFLs: $8 - $25 Indirect Lighting: $16 - $24 Pulse Start Metal Halide Fixtures: $25 - $65 Lighting Controls: $12 - $35 Variable Frequency Drive: $30 /hp Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled: $10 - $600 Open Drip-Proof: $10 - $600 Custom: Buy down to 2 year pay back or 50% of cost, whichever is less

455

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Builder Option Package: Up to $2,000 Advanced Builder Option Package: Up to $2,800 Energy Star Qualified Home: Up to $3,500 Multi-Family Incentives: See program web site Provider

456

Indianapolis Power and Light - Business Energy Incentives Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indianapolis Power and Light - Business Energy Incentives Program Indianapolis Power and Light - Business Energy Incentives Program Indianapolis Power and Light - Business Energy Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Incentives: 30% of project costs or 50% of incremental costs, up to $25,000 Targeted Projects exceeding $20,000 must be evaluated by the Business Energy Incentives Program for funding availability. Program Info Start Date 9/1/10 State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Pumps: $22.50 - $300/pump Central Air Conditioning/Heat Pumps (Rooftop/Unitary): $35/ton Water Heater: $20 Window Film: $1/sq ft

457

Richland Energy Services - Energy Efficient Commercial Lighting Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Richland Energy Services - Energy Efficient Commercial Lighting Richland Energy Services - Energy Efficient Commercial Lighting Program Richland Energy Services - Energy Efficient Commercial Lighting Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 70% of the total cost Program Info Expiration Date 9/30/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T5/T8 with Electric Ballasts: $10 - $65 Hardwired CFL's: $40 - $80 Screw In CFL's: $3 - $12 Cold Cathode: $3 - $15 Ceramic Metal Halide Fixture: $30 - $50 LED's: $15 - $50 Induction: $80 - $400 High-output T5/T8: $50 - $180 Metal Halide/High Pressure Sodium: $80 - $400 Stairwell/Garage Fluorescent Fixture: $50 Occupancy Sensor/Timer: $30 - $60

458

Azusa Light and Water - Solar Partnership Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Azusa Light and Water - Solar Partnership Program Azusa Light and Water - Solar Partnership Program Azusa Light and Water - Solar Partnership Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 50% of system cost Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Program is fully subscribed for fiscal year 2013-2014. New applicants will be placed on a wait list. $1.55/W-DC Provider Azusa Light and Water '''''This program is fully subscribed through fiscal year 2013/2014. New applicants will be placed on a wait list in the order they were received. ''''' Azusa Light and Water provides rebates to customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems through the utility's Solar Partnership Program.

459

Hudson Light and Power - Photovoltaic Incentive Program (Massachusetts) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hudson Light and Power - Photovoltaic Incentive Program Hudson Light and Power - Photovoltaic Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Hudson Light and Power - Photovoltaic Incentive Program (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $5,000 Non-residential: $10,000 Program Info Start Date 03/2011 State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $1.00 per watt Provider Hudson Light and Power Starting in 2011, Hudson Light and Power Department, the municipal utility for the Town of Hudson, started offering a limited number of photovoltaic rebates for residential, commercial, industrial, and municipal customers. The maximum incentive is $5,000 for residential customers per installation

460

Alexandria Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alexandria Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Alexandria Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Alexandria Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: $50 - $75 Refrigerator: $50, with recycling of old, working model Dishwasher: $25 Dehumidifier: $10 Room Air Conditioner: $15 Heat Pump Water Heater: $300 Central A/C: $200 Mini-Split Ductless A/C: $100 ECM in New Furnace/Air Handler/Fan Coil: $150 Air-Source Heat Pump: $250 - $350 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Geothermal Heat Pump: $200/ton

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns

462

Spinor Slow-Light and Dirac Particles with Variable Mass  

SciTech Connect

We consider the interaction of two weak probe fields of light with an atomic ensemble coherently driven by two pairs of standing wave laser fields in a tripod-type linkage scheme. The system is shown to exhibit a Dirac-like spectrum for light-matter quasiparticles with multiple dark states, termed spinor slow-light polaritons. They posses an 'effective speed of light' given by the group velocity of slow light, and can be made massive by inducing a small two-photon detuning. Control of the two-photon detuning can be used to locally vary the mass including a sign flip. Particularly, this allows the implementation of the random-mass Dirac model for which localized zero-energy (midgap) states exist with unusual long-range correlations.

Unanyan, R. G.; Otterbach, J.; Fleischhauer, M.; Ruseckas, J.; Kudriasov, V.; Juzeliunas, G. [Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, A. Gostauto 12, 01108 Vilnius (Lithuania)

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

463

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030-Graphic Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Graphic Data Figure 1. Total liquid fuels demand by sector Figure 1 Data Figure 2. Total natural gas supply by source Figure 2 Data Figure 3. New light-duty vehicle sales shares by type Figure 3 Data Figure 4. Proposed CAFE standards for passenger cars by vehicle footprint, model years 2011-2015 Figure 4 Data Figure 5. Proposed CAFE standards for light trucks by vehicle footprint, model years 2011-2015 Figure 5 Data Figure 6. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles in the AEO2008 and AEO2009 projections, 1995-2030 Figure 6 Data Figure 7. Value of fuel saved by a PHEV compared with a conventional ICE vehicle over the life of the vehicles, by gasoline price and PHEV all-electric driving range

464

Thermoelectric properties of chalcopyrite type CuGaTe{sub 2} and chalcostibite CuSbS{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

Electronic and transport properties of CuGaTe{sub 2}, a hole-doped ternary copper based chalcopyrite type semiconductor, are studied using calculations within the Density Functional Theory and solving the Boltzmann transport equation within the constant relaxation time approximation. The electronic band structures are calculated by means of the full-potential linear augmented plane wave method, using the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential. The calculated band gap of 1.23?eV is in agreement with the experimental value of 1.2?eV. The carrier concentration- and temperature dependent thermoelectric properties of CuGaTe{sub 2} are derived, and a figure of merit of zT?=?1.69 is obtained at 950?K for a hole concentration of 3.7·10{sup 19}?cm{sup ?3}, in agreement with a recent experimental finding of zT?=?1.4, confirming that CuGaTe{sub 2} is a promising material for high temperature thermoelectric applications. The good thermoelectric performance of p-type CuGaTe{sub 2} is associated with anisotropic transport from a combination of heavy and light bands. Also for CuSbS{sub 2} (chalcostibite), a better performance is obtained for p-type than for n-type doping. The variation of the thermopower as a function of temperature and concentration suggests that CuSbS{sub 2} will be a good thermoelectric material at low temperatures, similarly to the isostructural CuBiS{sub 2} compound.

Kumar Gudelli, Vijay; Kanchana, V., E-mail: kanchana@iith.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Ordnance Factory Estate, Yeddumailaram 502 205, Andhra Pradesh (India); Vaitheeswaran, G. [Advanced Centre of Research in High Energy Materials (ACRHEM), University of Hyderabad, Prof. C. R. Rao Road, Gachibowli, Hyderabad 500 046, Andhra Pradesh (India); Svane, A.; Christensen, N. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

Red light, green light | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Red light, green light Red light, green light Red light, green light Posted: December 4, 2013 - 6:28pm After the National Nuclear Security Administration signaled Y-12 to begin resuming full operations after a potential furlough, Production Vice President Bill Tindal said Production had two objectives: refocus production employees on safety, security and quality, and ensure preparedness for normal operations. "It's tempting to jump right back in when you get the green light," Tindal said. "We were in an abnormal state that really shook people. Focusing on people came first." Production began with return-to-work briefings. "During the briefings, we asked employees what they were concerned about, what was causing them stress," Tindal said. "Another concept from the briefing was the theme

466

Household transitions to energy efficient lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New energy efficient lighting technologies can significantly reduce household electricity consumption, but adoption has been slow. A unique dataset of German households is used in this paper to examine the factors associated with the replacement of old incandescent lamps (ILs) with new energy efficient compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). The ‘rebound’ effect of increased lamp luminosity in the transition to energy efficient bulbs is analyzed jointly with the replacement decision to account for household self-selection in bulb-type choice. Results indicate that the EU ban on \\{ILs\\} accelerated the pace of transition to \\{CFLs\\} and LEDs, while storage of bulbs significantly dampened the speed of the transition. Higher lighting needs and bulb attributes like energy efficiency, environmental friendliness, and durability spur IL replacement with \\{CFLs\\} or LEDs. Electricity gains from new energy efficient lighting are mitigated by 23% and 47% increases in luminosity for CFL and LED replacements, respectively. Model results suggest that taking the replacement bulb from storage and higher levels of education dampen the magnitude of these luminosity rebounds in IL to CFL transitions.

Bradford Mills; Joachim Schleich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Indianapolis Power and Light Company Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indianapolis Power and Light Company Indianapolis Power and Light Company Country United States Headquarters Location Indianapolis, Indiana Recovery Act Funding $20,000,000.00 Total Project Value $48,782,341.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Indianapolis Power and Light Company Smart Grid Project Coordinates 39.767016°, -86.156255° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

468

LightSpin Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LightSpin Technologies Inc LightSpin Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name LightSpin Technologies Inc Place Bethesda, Maryland Zip 20815 Sector Solar Product Early-development-stage company, affiliated with Yale University, developing new indium phosphide compound semiconductors which may have solar cell applications. Coordinates 40.020185°, -81.073819° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.020185,"lon":-81.073819,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

469

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Address 1991 Crocker Road, Suite 600 Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44145 Sector Solar Product Installation; Manufacturing Phone number 440-892-3312 Website http://www.SolarLightisFree.co Coordinates 41.4648875°, -81.9506519° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4648875,"lon":-81.9506519,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

Delmarva Power Light Company Delmarva Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Light Company Delmarva Power Power Light Company Delmarva Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Delmarva Power & Light Company (Delmarva Power) Place Wilmington, Delaware Zip 19886 Product Delmarva Power, a subsidiary of Pepco Holdings, is an electricity and natural gas provider. Coordinates 42.866922°, -72.868494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.866922,"lon":-72.868494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

Efficiency Lighting & Maintenance Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efficiency Lighting & Maintenance Inc Efficiency Lighting & Maintenance Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Efficiency Lighting & Maintenance Inc Address 5a Del Mar Drive Place Brookfield, Connecticut Zip 06804 Sector Buildings Product Energy Service Company (ESCO) Website http://www.el-m.net/ Coordinates 41.453066°, -73.401583° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.453066,"lon":-73.401583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

472

Wisconsin Power and Light Company Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Light Company and Light Company Country United States Headquarters Location Madison, Wisconsin Recovery Act Funding $3,200,000.00 Total Project Value $6,400,000.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Wisconsin Power and Light Company Smart Grid Project Coordinates 43.0730517°, -89.4012302° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

473

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Caulking/Weather Stripping: $200 Ceiling/Foundation/Wall Insulation: $750 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers: $150 - $400 Furnaces: $250 - $400 Efficient Fan Motor: $50 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Furnace or Boiler Clean and Tune: $30

474

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Attic and Wall Insulation: $1000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR New Construction: $600-$3500/home Home Energy Audit: Free Boilers: $150 or $400 depending on AFUE Furnaces: $250 or $400 depending on AFUE Programmable Thermostats: $25

475

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Insulation (Wall/Ceiling/Floor): $750 Insulation (Duct): $170 Infiltration Control: $200 Duct Sealing: $285 Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Energy Audit: Required for Infiltration Control, Insulation, Duct Sealing, and Window Rebates

476

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Tank Water Heater: $50 Furnace: $250-$400 Boiler: $150 or $400 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Windows/Sash: $20 Custom: Based on Annual Energy Dollar Savings Provider

477

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas and Electric) - Farm Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Start Date 1/1/2012 State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Free Clothes Washer: $100 Refrigerator Replacement: $50 Dishwasher Replacement: $20 Freezer: $25 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Water Heater: $50 Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters: $100 Circulating Fans: $25 - $75

478

List of Lighting Controls/Sensors Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sensors Incentives Sensors Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 493 Lighting Controls/Sensors Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 493) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit

479

Public street lighting remote operation and supervision system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Public street lighting system consists of devices distributed in points of light and a supervision and control application. The system architecture is modular and expandable. In developing the work the C# language is adopted to develop the operation and monitoring via standard CyberOPC and XML file types are applied to the device description and definition of the network topology. This paper describes the validation proposed and the results obtained attests that this applied methodology is feasible and can be applied to other public lighting systems.

Cleber Costa da Fonseca; Rodrigo Palucci Pantoni; Dennis Brandão

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Contribution of light-by-light scattering to energy levels of light muonic atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The complete contribution of diagrams with the light-by-light scattering to the Lamb shift is found for muonic hydrogen, deuterium and helium ion. The results are obtained in the static-muon approximation and ...

S. G. Karshenboim; E. Yu. Korzinin; V. G. Ivanov; V. A. Shelyuto

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light types figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting  

SciTech Connect

This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating user feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, users, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.

Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Radiation, Matter and Energy What is light?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation, Matter and Energy #12;What is light? #12;Light is an electromagnetic wave #12;Light the visible spectrum, blue light has higher energy than red light Within the electromagnetic spectrum, X-rays have the highest energy, followed by UV, visible light, IR, and radio Remember: Light is just one form

Shirley, Yancy

483

Figure 10--Proportion of basal area accounted for by each tree spe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest Intensive Measurements of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests After our initial survey, we sampled the mixed-conifer and red fir forests more for the remaining 13 percent (fig. 10). Other tree species characteristic of mixed-conifer or red fir forest types

Standiford, Richard B.

484

Lighting Group: Controls and Communications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communications Communications Controls and Communications The Controls and Communications research activity investigates how digital technologies, such as Bluetooth, can be applied to building lighting control systems to increase building efficiency and improve occupant comfort and productivity. Projects range from embedded device networks applied to building lighting systems, to WiFi and environmental sensing and monitoring. light switch Current Projects IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System) Wireless Lighting Controls (with DUST Networks) HPCBS Advanced Digital Controls Building Control Systems Integration Completed Projects CEC Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Projects 450 Golden Gate Project New Publications Standardizing Communication Between Lighting Devices: A Role for

485

Commercial Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Commercial Lighting At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and algorithms, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Lab developed an occupancy sensor can recognize the presence of human occupants more than 90 percent of the time -- an advancement that could lead to enormous energy savings in commercial buildings. At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and

486

11.5 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment on Circuits Consider the electrical circuit presented in Figure 11.18. Assume that all resistors in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11.5 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment on Circuits Consider the electrical circuit presented in Figure analysis, form the matrices j and k and the vector of initial conditions. Use MATLAB to find the currents via MATLAB, using the electrical circuit given in Figure 11.19 and the corresponding formulas

Gajic, Zoran

487

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease Figure 1: Depiction of the BrainAGE concept. A: The model of healthy brain aging is trained with the chronological age and preprocessed structural MRI data

Gaser, Christian

488

Figure 1. The dataset for the running example is excerpted at left, arranged in the typical manner for MVPA. The boxes at right introduce the dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. The dataset for the running example is excerpted at left, arranged in the typical manner for MVPA. The boxes at right introduce the dataset representation used in later figures. In these boxes the "dataset-wise" scheme, the examples are relabeled prior to conducting the cross- validation, while

489

Cornell University Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Lighting Quality Electric Lighting Quality The CUSD lighting design team utilized energy efficient products that meshed well with our daylighting scheme. We chose to use fluorescent tubes or compact fluorescent bulbs with an energy consumption of between 15 and 30 Watts throughout the house. The ballasts for all lamps dim to a 1% light output, so the interior and exterior lights can be adjusted as the level of available daylight fluctuates. Light sensors have been placed in front of our two largest apertures, allowing us to control how much artificial light is supplied to each space. The control of our ballasts is intricate, but refined and tested to avoid dysfunctional dimming or switching. While automatic controls are included, manual user overrides are provided in case the occupant prefers

490

Solid-State Lighting: Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations to someone by Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Presentations This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshops, as well as links to reference materials. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Workshop Presentations, Materials and Reports November 2013: Presentations from DOE SSL Market Introduction Workshop

491

Applications of Slow Light in Telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exotic effects such as slow light, fast light and even stored light have been observed in the laboratory. Now, optical scientists are turning their attention toward developing...

Boyd, Robert W; Gauthier, Daniel J; Gaeta, Alexander L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Advanced Lighting Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota Zip: 56378 Product: Advanced Lighting Systems (ALS) provides a number of LED and fiber optic lighting solutions. It was acquired by Nexxus Lighting in September...

493

Considerations When Comparing LED and Conventional Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

When comparing LED lighting performance to conventional lighting, buyers will want to consider energy efficiency, operating life and lumen depreciation, light output/distribution, color quality,...