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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Turlock Irrigation District - PV Rebate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turlock Irrigation District - PV Rebate Turlock Irrigation District - PV Rebate Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings For Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 50%...

2

Turlock Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turlock Irrigation District Turlock Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Turlock Irrigation District Place California Utility Id 19281 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO Other Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule BP Bulk Power Industrial, Demand Metered 7,000 kW and Over,

3

Turlock Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clothes Washers: 35 Sun Screens: 1.00square foot Whole House Fans: 75 Solar Attic Fan: 100 Radiant Barrier: 0.10square foot Shade Tree: 20 each (3 max) Turlock...

4

Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems: Powers (Nebraska) Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems: Powers...

5

Turlock, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turlock, California: Energy Resources Turlock, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.4946568°, -120.8465941° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4946568,"lon":-120.8465941,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems: Powers (Nebraska) Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems: Powers (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Natural Resources Irrigation districts, created in section 46-1xx, are encouraged to

7

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turlock Irrigation District - PV Rebate California Commercial Residential Solar Buying & Making Electricity Turlock Irrigation District 12312016 Turlock Irrigation District -...

8

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Cooling Design & Remodeling Commercial Lighting Lighting Turlock Irrigation District Xcel Energy - Residential ENERGY STAR Rebate Program Colorado Construction Residential Home...

9

Joint irrigation districts hydropower assessment study. Final feasibility assessment report. Volume I  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In August 1978, the United States Department of Energy and the Turlock Irrigation District entered into a cooperative agreement for a Joint District's Low-Head Hydropower Assessment Study. The purpose of the agreement was to carry out a study of the hydropower potential at sites within the borders of the Turlock, Merced, South San Joaquin, and Oakdale Irrigation Districts in California. The required data were gathered and analyzed. The results of this study indicate the total potential small hydropower capacity with the Joint Districts is 19,560 kW installed with an annual energy generation of 68,561,800 kWh. This is equivalent to oil-savings of 118,616 barrels per y.

None

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R.D. JUSTICE SUITE 140 WILLIAM H. STACY PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 ELSTON GRUBAUGH (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 COUNSEL AND

11

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R. GALE PEARCE SUITE 140 ELSTON GRUBAUGH PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 R.D. JUSTICE (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 ASSISTANT SECRETARY-TREASURER

12

Lighting.  

SciTech Connect

Since lighting accounts for about one-third of the energy used in commercial buildings, there is opportunity to conserve. There are two ways to reduce lighting energy use: modify lighting systems so that they used less electricity and/or reduce the number of hours the lights are used. This booklet presents a number of ways to do both. Topics covered include: reassessing lighting levels, reducing lighting levels, increasing bulb & fixture efficiency, using controls to regulate lighting, and taking advantage of daylight.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses.Types of lighting include:

14

Precision Irrigators Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying best management practices (BMPs) promoting greater water use efficiency while maintaining crop yields is essential to the future of Texas cropping systems. Available water for irrigated crops is vital for sustaining crop production throughout the state. However, the availability of this water for irrigation is diminishing through competition by urban development and, in some regions such as the Edwards Aquifer, is falling under state regulation. The awareness and improvement of efficient irrigation and best management practices to conserve water while maintaining crop production will help preserve the aquifer levels and increase water savings to producers. One component of BMPs for conserving water use is the application of decision support systems (DSS) that are used as tools for implementing irrigation BMPs. This DSS guide was developed as a complement to TWDB Report 362, "Water Conservation Best Management Practices Guide," which is a more comprehensive report on water conservation including an "Agricultural Irrigation Water Use Management" BMPs section. The full TWDB Report 362 can be found at: http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/assistance/conservation/consindex.asp. DSS include the Texas High Plains Evapotranspiration Network (TXHPET), the Precision Irrigators Network (PIN) and the Crop Production Management (CroPMan) model. These DSS strive to promote grower awareness of water conservation strategies. Irrigation conservation strategies are proposed to result in savings of approximately 1.4 million acre-feet per year by 2060 (TWDB and TWRI). TXHPET operates 18 meteorological stations located in 15 counties across the Texas North Plains and Texas South Plains. The regional coverage of TXHPET is estimated at 4 million irrigated acres. The network offers insight to evapotranspiration (ET)-based crop water use that producers and agricultural consultants can reference when making decisions on when and how much to irrigate their crops. This information is available to data users via fax or online (http://txhighplainset.tamu.edu) and currently results in approximately 300,000 downloads or faxes annually. The PIN program was formed in 2004 with a goal of saving millions of gallons of water annually by reducing irrigation water use by as much as 20 percent over several years and currently supports several crops (corn, cotton, sorghum, wheat) in seven counties of South Central Texas. Cooperation of the PIN programs consists of area producers, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researchers, Texas Cooperative Extension personnel, San Antonio Water System, Edwards Aquifer Authority, Texas Water Resources Institute, Texas Water Development Board, Uvalde County Underground Water Conservation District and Wintergarden Water Conservation District. The PIN database will allow producers to gain historical and real-time information for better management of irrigation scheduling. The PIN program estimates that when all irrigators in the Edwards Aquifer region implement limited irrigation scheduling, approximately 50,000 to 60,000 acre-feet of water can be saved per year and made available for purposes other than agriculture. CroPMan is a computer model designed to aid producers and agricultural consultants in optimizing crop management and maximizing production and profit through a production-risk approach. CroPMan will help growers identify limitations to crop yield, assist in making replant decisions and help recognize management practices that reduce the impact of agriculture on soil erosion and water quality. CroPMan is a Windows-based application program that can be downloaded from the CroPMan Web site (http://cropman.brc.tamus.edu).

Bynum, J.; Cothren, T.; Marek, T.; Piccinni, G.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Irrigation data base for Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Determining the locations in the U.S. where solar energy might be used for irrigation was proposed. One of the first steps in determining these locations is to establish a data base for the agricultural states that extensively use irrigation. The data base must include information on the crops grown, the irrigation wells, and the irrigation pumps. The results of an effort to establish such a data base for the state of Arizona are presented.

Hall, I.J.; Vandevender, S.G.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The lighting section of ASHRAE standard 90.1 is discussed. It applies to all new buildings except low-rise residential, while excluding specialty lighting applications such as signage, art exhibits, theatrical productions, medical and dental tasks, and others. In addition, lighting for indoor plant growth is excluded if designed to operate only between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Lighting allowances for the interior of a building are determined by the use of the system performance path unless the space functions are not fully known, such as during the initial stages of design or for speculative buildings. In such cases, the prescriptive path is available. Lighting allowances for the exterior of all buildings are determined by a table of unit power allowances. A new addition the exterior lighting procedure is the inclusion of facade lighting. However, it is no longer possible to trade-off power allotted for the exterior with the interior of a building or vice versa. A significant change is the new emphasis on lighting controls.

McKay, H.N. (Hayden McKay Lighting Design, New York, NY (US))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate Caps vary according to MID electric rate schedule, they range from $10,000 - $50,000. Cap exemption can be requested. Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2012 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting and Sensors: Varies, consult program website Auto Door Closers: $56 - $65/closer Strip Curtains: $3/sq ft Plastic Swinging Doors: $4/sq ft

18

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 50% of the incremental cost of the project(s) included in the application. The maximum annual payment cap is determined per account, by the applicable MID electric rate schedule: $15,000 (GS-1); $25,000 (P-3); $50,000 (GS-2); $125,000 (GS-TOU); $250,000 (GS-3); $500,000 (IC-25). Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type

19

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation Reseachers recommend solutions for sediment trapping in irrigation system LANL and SNL leveraged technical expertise to determine...

20

Imperial Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Imperial Irrigation District Place California Utility Id 9216 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GS Schedule GS Commercial SCHEDULE A-2 GENERAL WHOLESALE POWER SERVICE Industrial SCHEDULE AL OUTDOOR AREA LIGHTING SERVICE-HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM VAPOR 100W Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate caps are adjusted according to MID's electric rate schedule they vary from $15,000 - $500,000. Exemptions from rebate caps can be requested. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced Insulation Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced

22

Irrigation pumping using geothermal energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential of using geothermal energy in an isobutane binary system to drive directly a cluster of irrigation pumps was evaluated. This three well geothermal system, based at 150{sup 0}C (302{sup 0}F) resource at 2000 m (6560 ft), would cost an estimated $7,800,000 in capital investment to provide 6000 gpm of irrigation water from 12 water wells. It would serve approximately 4.5 square miles of irrigated agricultural land, with the delivered water costing $106.76 per acre-foot. This compares with an estimated cost of $60.78 per acre-foot for a conventional irrigation system driven by natural gas at the current price (1980 dollars) of $2.72/mm Btu. It is obvious that if natural gas prices continue to rise, or if geothermal resources can be found at depths less than 2000 meters, then the geothermal irrigation pumping system would be attractive economically. The importance of water to the economy and growth of Arizona was summarized. Total water consumption in Arizona is about 7,600,000 acre-feet annually of which about 87% is used for agriculture. Total supply from the Colorado River and water runoff is only 2,600,000 acre-feet per year, resulting in a net potable groundwater depletion of about 4,000,000 acre-feet per year assuming a recharge rate of about 1,000,000 acre-feet per year.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Solar irrigation program plan. Revision  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the ERDA solar irrigation program plan through fiscal year 1979. It is an update of the original program plan as outlined in Sandia Report SAND--76-0594. The updated goals of the plan are listed, the participants named, and their responsibilities outlined. ERDA has the program responsibility, ERDA field offices the contractural responsibility, and Sandia Laboratories the technical direction responsibilities. Three solar irrigation experiments planned, system analyses to be conducted, and the participants of the program are described. This document is intended to be used as a program guide for accomplishing the program goals.

Alvis, R.L.; Vandevender, S.G.

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES, EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES, 300 AREA, HANFORD SITE, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) proposes to upgrade a landscaping irrigation system in the 300 Area. Location of Action: In the landscaped area around the 331 Building, Hanford Site Description of the Proposed Action: The proposed action is to upgrade the existing 331 Building landscaping irrigation system by using nearby aquaculture effluent instead of

25

Imperial Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from IID) (Redirected from IID) Jump to: navigation, search Name Imperial Irrigation District Place California Utility Id 9216 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GS Schedule GS Commercial SCHEDULE A-2 GENERAL WHOLESALE POWER SERVICE Industrial SCHEDULE AL OUTDOOR AREA LIGHTING SERVICE-HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM VAPOR 100W

26

Fuel cell powered irrigation system  

SciTech Connect

Set out herein is a fuel cell power plant for use with irrigation systems wherein the fuel cell is utilized to generate electric current to drive a pump motor. This pump motor drives a first water pump which receives water for distribution through a traveling irrigation system, the output of the first pump first conveyed into a condenser heat exchanger connected to a steam engine or turbine cycle. The fuel cell itself is contained within a boiler assembly and the heat of production of the electric power is used to generate steam which is sent to the steam engine. In the course of cooling the condenser gases of the steam engine the irrigating water is passed through a second pump driven by the steam engine and it is through this second pump that the pressure is raised sufficiently to allow for the necessary spraying fans. To improve the condenser efficiency part of the condensate or the ullage thereof is connected to one of the spray heads on the irrigation system in a venturi nozzle which thereby lowers the back pressure thereof. The lower portion of the condenser or the liquid part thereof is fed back through yet another condenser pump to the boiler to be regenerated into steam.

Jacobi, E.F.; Madden, M.R.

1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

27

Central Oregon Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon Irrigation District Oregon Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Central Oregon Irrigation District Place Redmond, Oregon Zip 97756 Sector Hydro Product Corporation of the State of Oregon that provides municipal, industrial, and agricultural water, as well as hydropower, for central Oregon. References Central Oregon Irrigation District[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Central Oregon Irrigation District is a company located in Redmond, Oregon . References ↑ "Central Oregon Irrigation District" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Oregon_Irrigation_District&oldid=343383" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

28

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to the number of...

29

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.75 Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not...

30

Metering Secondary Water in Residential Irrigation Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of residential secondary or dual water systems for irrigation purposes is common in the western United States where water supplies are scarce. While (more)

Richards, Gregory L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Regional Differences in the Influence of Irrigation on Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global climate model experiment is performed to evaluate the effect of irrigation on temperatures in several major irrigated regions of the world. The Community Atmosphere Model, version 3.3, was modified to represent irrigation for the ...

David Lobell; Govindasamy Bala; Art Mirin; Thomas Phillips; Reed Maxwell; Doug Rotman

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Impact of potential large-scale irrigation on the West African Monsoon and its dependence on location of irrigated area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the impact of potential large-scale irrigation on the West African Monsoon using the MIT Regional Climate Model (MRCM). A new irrigation module is implemented to assess the impact of location and scheduling of irrigation on ...

Eun-Soon Im; Marc P. Marcella; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

33

Irrigation Monitoring with Soil Water Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring soil water content is essential if growers want to optimize production, conserve water, reduce environmental impacts and save money. This publication illustrates how soil moisture monitoring can improve irrigation decisions and how it also can prevent irrigating the crop too much or too little.

Enciso, Juan; Porter, Dana; Peries, Xavier

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

34

Irrigation Training Program For Texas Agricultural Producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Irrigation Training Program, funded by the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) through an Agricultural Water Conservation Grant, began in 2006. Administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI), the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSWCB), the local Soil and Water Conservation Districts (SWCDs), United States Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA-NRCS), Texas AgriLife Extension Service (Extension) and Texas AgriLife Research (Research) worked together to build a multi-disciplinary Irrigation Training Program (ITP) that included development of a core manual and training conferences that were designed to meet regional needs. The three year project was divided into four main tasks with separate objectives and deliverables. Under Task 1, the TSSWCB, SWCDs and USDA-NRCS supported the development and implementation of the Irrigation Training Program. Task 2 required TWRI, Extension and Research, in cooperation with the TSSWCB and USDA-NRCS to identify primary agency personnel to provide training and the key conference sites. To meet the objective of Task 3, TWRI, Extension and Research, in cooperation with the TSSWCB and USDA-NRCS developed the Irrigation Training Program manual and promoted irrigation training conferences. And finally, TWRI, Extension and Research, in cooperation with the TSSWCB and USDA-NRCS implemented the Irrigation Training Program through the delivery of six irrigation conferences to meet the task 4 goals.

Harris, B.L.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Vera Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vera Irrigation District Vera Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Vera Irrigation District #15 Place Washington Utility Id 19784 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png LARGE POWER Commercial LARGE POWER INDUSTRIAL Industrial NEW SMALL GENERAL Commercial RESIDENTIAL RATES Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0556/kWh Commercial: $0.0582/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vera_Irrigation_District&oldid=411927

36

Modesto Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modesto Irrigation District Modesto Irrigation District (Redirected from MID) Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Irrigation District Place Modesto, California Utility Id 12745 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] SGIC[2] Energy Information Administration Form 826[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project was awarded $1,493,149

37

Irrigation Training Program (South Texas Edition)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Irrigation Training Program is a collaborative effort between the Texas Water Resources Institute, a unit of Texas A&M AgriLife; the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board; and the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. Special appreciation is expressed to the individual authors and technical advisors who have contributed to the information and publications contained in this manual; the agencies, irrigation districts, groundwater conservation districts, Texas Agricultural Irrigation Association and members of other associations who have contributed time and leadership in the delivery of irrigation training programs; and to the site coordinators and those who have shared their expertise as speakers at individual programs throughout the state.

Porter, D.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Irrigation Training Program (North Texas edition)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Irrigation Training Program is a collaborative effort between the Texas Water Resources Institute, a unit of Texas A&M AgriLife; the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board; and the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. Special appreciation is expressed to the individual authors and technical advisors who have contributed to the information and publications contained in this manual; the agencies, irrigation districts, groundwater conservation districts, Texas Agricultural Irrigation Association and members of other associations who have contributed time and leadership in the delivery of irrigation training programs; and to the site coordinators and those who have shared their expertise as speakers at individual programs throughout the state.

Porter, D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Aguila Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aguila Irrigation District Aguila Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Aguila Irrigation District Place Arizona Utility Id 737 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate 3 Commercial Average Rates Industrial: $0.0582/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Aguila_Irrigation_District&oldid=408941" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

40

Increased Water Use Efficeincy Through Trickle Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gap between supply and demand of water for agricultural and municipal uses is rapidly closing at a time when world food requirements are increasing at an alarming rate. To meet the demand for agricultural products, new lands must be brought into production or higher yields must be realized from existing lands. In either case, more efficient use of water is prerequisite. Trickle irrigation is an approach to obtain increased water use efficiencies (ratio of weight of grain harvested to weight of total crop water use) and therefore a way to increase food production with our limited water resources. The ultimate goal of this investigation was the development of required crop inputs for selected crops to optimize the design of trickle irrigation systems and obtain an optimum water balance for living plants. Specific objectives were as follows: 1. To quantitatively determine optimum irrigation timing and necessary water application amounts for selected crops when using trickle irrigation; and 2. To develop a general method for the hydraulic design of trickle irrigation systems using inputs from the first objective for optimizing the system. To achieve these objectives, experiments were conducted in field lysimeters and in a well-instrumented field plot installation for evaluating the crop inputs. Complete control of the soil water balance can be achieved by the use of these facilities. By knowing the required crop inputs and utilizing known principles of fluid mechanics proper design procedures were developed to provide optimum design for trickle irrigation systems. To achieve the first objective, three research experiments were conducted at the research lysimeters of the Department of Agricultural Engineering at Texas A&M University for which grain sorghum was selected as the experimental crop. The first two experiments were designed to study the response of grain sorghum to trickle and subsurface irrigation. A comparison of water use efficiencies under well-watered conditions using both intensified and conventional water application methods and the evaluation of water use efficiencies with trickle irrigation applications designed to limit the availability of water were the specific objectives. The results indicated higher water use efficiencies and better crop response when the trickle method of application was used. Also, the results showed that higher water use efficiencies can be obtained by applying sparing amounts. An additional investigation carried out under a different research project of the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI Project No. A024TEX) was designed to develop a computer model to simulate grain sorghum yield and water use under high frequency irrigation. The simulation methods used in this study can be used to simulate a complete irrigation experiment greatly reducing research costs and allowing the determination of water requirements for many crops under many different soil and climatic conditions. The objective of the third research experiment conducted in 1974 was to determine if different irrigation frequencies would influence the growth and water use efficiency of grain sorghum when irrigated at optimum levels. Results indicated that frequency of application had no significant effect on the water use efficiency of grain sorghum for irrigation intervals up to 7 days. To attain the second goal of this investigation two trickle irrigation lateral design methods were developed. With the first method the pressure loss and emitter flow ratio for trickle irrigation laterals can be determined. The design method is based upon known principles of fluid mechanics. A computer program was written to determine the lateral pressure loss and emitter flow ratio at a given design length as function of pipe size, tree spacing, number of emitters per tree, emitter spacing, downstream lateral pressure and lateral slope. For a given set of design inputs, the program can be used to determine if the given pipe size will be adequate to li

Hiler, E. A.

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Merced Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Irrigation District Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Merced Irrigation District Place California Utility Id 12312 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png SCHEDULE AG-2 AGRICULTURAL DEMAND GENERAL SERVICE Industrial SCHEDULE ED-2 COMMERCIAL / INDUSTRIAL LARGE DEMAND GENERAL SERVICE Industrial SCHEDULE ED-2P COMMERCIAL / INDUSTRIAL LARGE DEMAND PRIMARY SERVICE

42

Best Management Practice: Water-Efficient Irrigation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Irrigation Best Management Practice: Water-Efficient Irrigation October 7, 2013 - 3:10pm Addthis Water efficiency must be considered from the initial irrigation system design phase through installation to ensure optimal performance. Consistent management and maintenance is also essential. Failure to do so can result in losing more than 50% of irrigation water due to evaporation, wind, poor management, and/or improper system design, installation, or maintenance. With the irrigation system hardware operating efficiently, it is important to consider the irrigation schedule, which dictates the amount and timing of the water applied. Water changes with the seasons as should your irrigation schedule. Many landscapes are watered at the same level all year, adding unnecessary water for months at a time. Over-watering can

43

California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turlock Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Turlock Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Turlock Irrigation District (TID) offers a residential rebate program for customers who install energy-efficient equipment in their homes. Eligible equipment includes * Energy Star Refrigerators * Energy Star Washers * Radiant Barriers * Energy Star Room Air Conditioners * Compact Fluorescent bulbs * Appliance Recycling * Whole House/Solar Attic Fans * Sunscreens October 16, 2013 Turlock Irrigation District - PV Rebate '''''Note: The Non-Residential Solar Rebate Program is fully subscribed. Applications received will be placed on a waitlist and will only be eligible for a rebate if a pending project is cancelled.''''' October 16, 2013 Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program

44

Irrigation customer survey procedures and results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the statistical procedures, administrative procedures, and results of a telephone survey designed to collect primary data from individuals in the Pacific Northwest region who use electricity in irrigating agricultural crops. The project was intended to collect data useful for a variety of purposes, including conservation planning, load forecasting, and rate design.

Harrer, B.J.; Johnston, J.W.; Dase, J.E.; Hattrup, M.P.; Reed, G.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Data Mining Applied to Irrigation Water Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the application of data mining to obtain artificial neural network based models for the application in water management during crops irrigation. This problem is very important in the zone of the South-East of Spain, as there is an ...

Juan A. Bota; Antonio F. Gmez-Skarmeta; Mercedes Valds; Antonio Padilla

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Global irrigation demand - A holistic approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To develop a research track on global irrigation demand and the use of future water resources to help feed the world, we need to adopt a holistic approach to understand inter-dependencies and the main drivers of the global water system and unravel positive (reinforcing) and negative (balancing) feedback loops that can lead to cascading consequences. Thus, there needs to be more research dedicated to 1) the modeling of the agricultural and water systems as components within an integrated assessment human-Earth modeling framework, 2) the understanding of the linkages between the physical processes and the human system, and to integrate them in an economic framework to capture the dynamics of market price, and institutional regulations. This editorial discusses the importance of tackling the global irrigation problem in an integrated assessment modeling framework.

Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

47

Modesto Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Irrigation District Place Modesto, California Utility Id 12745 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] SGIC[2] Energy Information Administration Form 826[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project was awarded $1,493,149 Recovery Act Funding with a total project value of $2,986,298.

48

Columbia Rural Electric Association- Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to...

49

Estimated Farm Level Benefits of Improved Irrigation Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are about 15 million acres of cropland in the U.S. that are irrigated from aquifers which are incurring declining water levels (sloggett). This is primarily in the Great Plains Region where irrigation water is pumped from the Ogallala Aquifer. Mining from the aquifer is estimated at 14 million acre feet per year (Frederick and Hanson). The declining groundwater supply increases pumping lift and reduces well yields. Concurrently, there has been a dramatic increase in the cost of energy for pumping since 1973. For example, in the Trans Pecos Region of Texas, natural gas prices increased 450% from 1972 to 1975. Energy has become one of the most important factors in irrigated crop production. A 1975 study showed that 53% of the total variable costs of producing corn in the Great Plains was energy related (Skold). The sensitivity of irrigated agriculture to increased fuel costs and declining groundwater levels has provided incentives for irrigated farmers to investigate alternative crop rotations and opportunities to improve irrigation water pumping and distributional efficiencies. The emphasis of this report is to estimate the value to an irrigated farmer on the Texas High Plains of improving irrigation water distribution efficiency. One means of improving the water use efficiency is to implement water conserving techniques. The main purpose of these techniques is to maximize crop production by minimizing the amount of water lost through the production systems. The major sources of water loss in a crop production system are runoff, percolation, and evaporation. Examples of water conserving techniques include terracing, furrow dams, reduced tillage, and crop rotations. In addition, improved irrigation application techniques can enhance the efficiency of water used for irrigation in the region. On-farm irrigation efficiency statewide for Texas has been estimated between 60 and 708 (Wyatt,1981). The implementation of advanced irrigation application techniques could potentially increase this efficiency up to 98% (Lyle & Bordovsky,1980). Furrow irrigation and sprinkler irrigation are the two major irrigation systems currently in use. Techniques designed to improve furrow efficiency include alternate furrow irrigation, furrow diking, and surge flow. Alternate furrow irrigation improves the timeliness of irrigation applications and increases lateral water movement thereby reducing deep percolation losses. Alternate furrow irrigation can be used with furrow diking or row dams on non-irrigated furrows to reduce rainfall runoff and soil erosion. The surge flow technique delivers large surges of water into the furrow on an intermittent cycle to reduce percolation losses at the upper end of the field. Sprinkler irrigation is the second major distribution system used for crop production primarily on mixed and sandy soils in the region. The use of these systems have increased tremendously over the past 25 years. This growth in the use of sprinkler irrigation systems is reflected in the increase for Texas from 668 thousand acres in 1958 to 2.2 million acres in 1979 (Texas Department of Water Resources). With the rapid rise in the relative price of energy during the 1970's, the emphasis of improving sprinkler efficiency has focused on both reducing their energy requirements and decreasing the amount of water lost through evaporation. One system which has been developed to meet these needs is the LEPA system or Low Energy Precision Application system (Lyle and Bordovsky,1980). This system operates by distributing water through drop tubes and low pressure emitters directly into the furrow as opposed to high pressure systems which utilize overhead sprinklers to distribute the water. In field trials of the LEPA system, measured application and distribution efficiencies averaged 98% and 96% respectively (Lyle et al., 1981).

Lee, John G.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Ellis, John R.; Reneau, Duane R.

1984-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Irrigation Depletions 1928-1989 : 1990 Level of Irrigation, Snake Yakima and Deschutes River Basins.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The vast amount of irrigation in relation to the available water and extensive system of reservoirs located in the Snake River Basin above Brownlee reservoir precludes this area from using methods such as Blaney-Criddle for estimating irrigation depletions. Also the hydrology, irrigation growth patterns, and water supply problems are unique and complex. Therefore regulation studies were utilized to reflect the net effect on streamflow of the changes in irrigated acreage in terms of corresponding changes in storage regulation and in the amount of water depleted and diverted from and returned to the river system. The regulation study for 1990 conditions was conducted by the Idaho Department of Water Resources. The end product of the basin simulation is 61 years of regulated flows at various points in the river system that are based on 1990 conditions. Data used by the Idaho Department of Water Resources is presented in this section and includes natural gains to the river system and diversions from the river system based on a 1990 level of development and operation criteria. Additional information can be obtained for an Idaho Department of Water Resources Open-File Report ``Stream Flows in the Snake River Basin 1989 Conditions of Use and Management`` dated June 1991. Similar considerations apply to the Yakima and Deschutes river basins.

United States. Bonneville Power Administation; A.G. Crook Company

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES. 2003-245, the Board of Directors ofthe Modesto Irrigation District adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) in an effort to meet 20 percent ofits retail energy sales with renewable resources by 2017

52

Development of Clemson variable-rate lateral irrigation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crops in the Southern United States are generally produced in fields which are known to have a high degree of variability in soil type, water holding capacity, infiltration rates, and other major factors which affect crop production. In these fields, ... Keywords: Instrumentation, Irrigation, Lateral-move, Precision agriculture, Variable-rate irrigation

Young J. Han; Ahmad Khalilian; Tom O. Owino; Hamid J. Farahani; Sam Moore

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Stratified random sampling plan for an irrigation customer telephone survey  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the procedures used to design and select a sample for a telephone survey of individuals who use electricity in irrigating agricultural cropland in the Pacific Northwest. The survey is intended to gather information on the irrigated agricultural sector that will be useful for conservation assessment, load forecasting, rate design, and other regional power planning activities.

Johnston, J.W.; Davis, L.J.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Irrigation-Induced Rainfall and the Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The postWorld War II increase in irrigation in the Great Plains represents the largest human-induced hydrologic impact in North America. Drawn primarily from the High Plains aquifer, water applied as irrigation in the region amounts to billions ...

Nathan Moore; Stuart Rojstaczer

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Merced Irrigation District - PV Buydown Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Merced Irrigation District - PV Buydown Program Merced Irrigation District - PV Buydown Program Merced Irrigation District - PV Buydown Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: 8,400 Commercial: $70,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 2.80/W AC, adjusted based on expected performance Provider Merced Irrigation District Merced Irrigation District (MID) offers its residential, commercial and non-profit customers a rebate for installing solar electric photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes and offices. The rebate is $2.80 per watt (adjusted based on the expected performance of the system) with a maximum of $8,400 for residential systems and $70,000 for non-residential systems.

56

Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system | National Nuclear Security Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system Home > content > Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system

57

Light-Light Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

Kanda, Naohiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Light-Light Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

Naohiro Kanda

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

Original paper: An integrated model for simulation of border-check irrigated dairy pasture production systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Border-check irrigation is the predominant method of applying water to dairy pastures in Australia. Dairy pastures consume 40% of total irrigation water in Australia and, with irrigation water security in Australia under threat from climate variability/change ... Keywords: Dairy pasture systems, Integrated modeling tools, Surface irrigation hydraulics

P. Douglas; K. B. Dassanayake; D. F. Chapman; I. R. Johnson; M. Khanna; H. Malano

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Engineering quality control of solar-powered intelligent water-saving irrigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development tendency of the agricultural irrigation technology is Automatic water-saving irrigation, powered by solar energy and achieved control purposes by moisture content monitoring techniques and the variable irrigation technology. In this paper, ... Keywords: intelligent, quality control, solar power, water-saving irrigation

Liu Xiaochu; Wu Hualong; Ling Jingpeng; Tao Jianhua; Yao Li

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

LED Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are light sources that differ from more traditional sources of light in that they are semiconductor devices that produce light when an electrical current is applied....

62

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Single-Family Dwelling: $500 Multi-Family Dwelling: $250 Provider Energy Management Department Modesto Irrigation District's MPower New Home Program provides incentives to builders and homeowners for designing and building energy-efficient homes. Eligible homes must meet the guidelines for California Energy Star Qualified New Homes, listed on the program application. Each qualified new

63

Modesto Irrigation District - Photovoltaic Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modesto Irrigation District - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Photovoltaic Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Local Government Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 50% of total project costs. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Systems >1 kW to 30 kW: $1.00/W AC. Systems >30 kW to 1 MW: performance-based incentive of $0.10/kWh for 5 years. Provider PV Program Coordinator Modesto Irrigation District offers a photovoltaic rebate program for all of their electric customers. The peak output capacity of a system must be 1 kW or greater to participate. Systems up to 30 kilowatts (kW) in capacity can

64

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,500 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Water Heaters: $100 Windows: $6/sq. ft. Heat Pumps: $450 Duct Sealing: $400 - $500 Clothes Washer: $30 Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,500 Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters,

65

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Energy Efficiency Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate 70% of cost Program Info Expiration Date 9/31/2013 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Nozzle: $1.50 - $4.00 Sprinkler: $1 - $4 Gasket: $2.75 Regulator: $5 Drain: $1 Hub: $14.50 Goose Neck Elbows: $1.65 Drop Tube: $3 Pivot: $175 Pipe Section: $10 Leveler: $0.75 Provider Columbia REA Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to the number of sprinklers per acre. Replacement sprinklers are eligible for retrofits

66

Solar technology applications: a survey of solar powered irrigation systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Published information on solar powered irrigation systems is presented. Thermal solar systems, thermoelectric solar systems, and photovoltaic solar systems are included. A bibliography and survey of on-going work is presented. (WHK)

Newkirk, H.W.

1978-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Outlook for Energy and Implications for Irrigated Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agriculture uses large quantities of energy to pump groundwater for irrigation. This means the cost of energy has important implications for the industry in terms of costs and profitability. Increases in the prices of energy sources such as natural gas, electricity, liquid petroleum gas and diesel can cause economic hardship for irrigators, particularly if those increases are unanticipated. The purpose of this paper is to briefly summarize important trends in the current domestic energy situation that could have significant impacts on the future cost and availability of energy, and to show what the implications of those trends are for irrigated agriculture. The primary focus of this study will be on trends in natural gas, since natural gas is the major fuel used for irrigation in the Great Plains states.

Patton, W. P.; Lacewell, R. D.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Remote Sensing of Irrigated Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Over the last several decades, remote sensing has emerged as an effective tool to monitor irrigated lands over a variety of climatic conditions and locations. The objective of this review, which summarizes the methods and the results of existing remote sensing studies, is to synthesize principle findings and assess the state of the art. We take a taxonomic approach to group studies based on location, scale, inputs, and methods, in an effort to categorize different approaches within a logical framework. We seek to evaluate the ability of remote sensing to provide synoptic and timely coverage of irrigated lands in several spectral regions. We also investigate the value of archived data that enable comparison of images through time. This overview of the studies to date indicates that remote sensing-based monitoring of irrigation is at an intermediate stage of development at local scales. For instance, there is overwhelming consensus on the efficacy of vegetation indices in identifying irrigated fields. Also, single date imagery, acquired at peak growing season, may suffice to identify irrigated lands, although to multi-date image data are necessary for improved classification and to distinguish different crop types. At local scales, the mapping of irrigated lands with remote sensing is also strongly affected by the

Mutlu Ozdogan; Yang Yang; George Allez; Chelsea Cervantes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Data:529b4faa-0d66-4eb3-aeef-16f563fefae0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

faa-0d66-4eb3-aeef-16f563fefae0 faa-0d66-4eb3-aeef-16f563fefae0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-150 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 66kWh

71

Data:0aa2da5f-ecfc-4294-abd1-cf4684aceef4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-ecfc-4294-abd1-cf4684aceef4 f-ecfc-4294-abd1-cf4684aceef4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-400 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 159kWh

72

Data:849dc367-b370-4537-8217-061cbce9a9e0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7-b370-4537-8217-061cbce9a9e0 7-b370-4537-8217-061cbce9a9e0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-250 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 97kWh

73

Data:22906034-05f1-4732-80ad-a02fc19b8535 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-05f1-4732-80ad-a02fc19b8535 -05f1-4732-80ad-a02fc19b8535 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-200 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 83kWh

74

Data:7df07ea4-5b71-4932-a7a8-f71466147bab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ea4-5b71-4932-a7a8-f71466147bab ea4-5b71-4932-a7a8-f71466147bab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LD Street Lighting - District Owned-400 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places where Schedule LC does not apply and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 155kWh

75

Northern Lights, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho Idaho Utility Id 13758 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Drainage Commercial Irrigation Commercial Large Commercial - Secondary Commercial Large Power - Primary Commercial Lighting Service 100W Lighting Lighting Service 200W Lighting Lighting Service within the City Limits of Sandpoint (company owned) 200W Lighting

76

Where Does the Irrigation Water Go? An Estimate of the Contribution of Irrigation to Precipitation Using MERRA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irrigation is an important human activity that may impact local and regional climate, but current climate model simulations and data assimilation systems generally do not explicitly include it. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Jiangfeng Wei; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Dominik Wisser; Michael G. Bosilovich; David M. Mocko

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Potential for Photovoltaic Solar Installation in Non-Irrigated Corners of Center Pivot Irrigation Fields in the State of Colorado  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The State of Colorado expressed an interest in assessing the potential for photovoltaic (PV) solar installations on non-irrigated corners of center-pivot irrigation (CPI) fields throughout the state. Using aerial imagery and irrigated land data available from the Colorado Water Conservation Board, an assessment of potentially suitable sites was produced. Productivity estimates were calculated from that assessment. The total area of non-irrigated corners of CPI fields in Colorado was estimated to be 314,674 acres, which could yield 223,418 acres of installed PV panels assuming 71% coverage in triangular plots. The total potential annual electricity production for the state was estimated to be 56,821 gigawatt hours (GWH), with an average of 1.3 GWH per available plot.

Roberts, B.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: 250kW reduced or .04kWh reduced Insulation Measures: 250kW reduced or .04kWh reduced Air Conditioning:...

79

Data:Dd7b447b-4ad9-4332-97ea-0811a13196a4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b-4ad9-4332-97ea-0811a13196a4 b-4ad9-4332-97ea-0811a13196a4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LO Lighting - Outdoor Area-200 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to outdoor area lighting service for the illumination of areas where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 83kWh Source or reference: http://www.tid.org/sites/default/files/documents/tidweb_content/Schedule%20LO%20_2009_.pdf

80

Data:3d73fc34-88d1-4ff3-a860-af1831b16597 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8d1-4ff3-a860-af1831b16597 8d1-4ff3-a860-af1831b16597 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LO Lighting - Outdoor Area-175 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to outdoor area lighting service for the illumination of areas where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 70kWh Source or reference: http://www.tid.org/sites/default/files/documents/tidweb_content/Schedule%20LO%20_2009_.pdf

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Data:130365a5-2062-45f9-9f9d-d3fd372e0141 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-2062-45f9-9f9d-d3fd372e0141 -2062-45f9-9f9d-d3fd372e0141 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LO Lighting - Outdoor Area-400 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to outdoor area lighting service for the illumination of areas where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 155kWh Source or reference: http://www.tid.org/sites/default/files/documents/tidweb_content/Schedule%20LO%20_2009_.pdf

82

Data:116aea86-881a-4fbd-9aad-a86d3ab7c0a9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aea86-881a-4fbd-9aad-a86d3ab7c0a9 aea86-881a-4fbd-9aad-a86d3ab7c0a9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LO Lighting - Outdoor Area-100 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to outdoor area lighting service for the illumination of areas where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 50kWh Source or reference: http://www.tid.org/sites/default/files/documents/tidweb_content/Schedule%20LO%20_2009_.pdf

83

Lighting Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Lighting is very critical in photography. The specimen should be placed on a background which will not detract from the resolution of the fracture surface. For basic lighting, one spotlight is suggested. The light is then raised or lowered, and

84

Potential bias of model projected greenhouse warming in irrigated regions  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) used to project climate responses to increased CO{sub 2} generally omit irrigation of agricultural land. Using the NCAR CAM3 GCM coupled to a slab-ocean model, we find that inclusion of an extreme irrigation scenario has a small effect on the simulated temperature and precipitation response to doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions, but reduced warming by as much as 1 C in some agricultural regions, such as Europe and India. This interaction between CO{sub 2} and irrigation occurs in cases where agriculture is a major fraction of the land surface and where, in the absence of irrigation, soil moisture declines are projected to provide a positive feedback to temperature change. The reduction of warming is less than 25% of the temperature increase modeled for doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions; thus greenhouse warming will still be dominant. However, the results indicate that land use interactions may be an important component of climate change uncertainty in some agricultural regions. While irrigated lands comprise only {approx}2% of the land surface, they contribute over 40% of global food production. Climate changes in these regions are therefore particularly important to society despite their relatively small contribution to average global climate.

Lobell, D; Bala, G; Bonfils, C; Duffy, P

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

85

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room AC: $50 Clothes Washer: $35 Water Heater: $25 Heat Pump Water Heater: $100 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 per unit Central AC: $250 Heat Pump: $350 High Efficiency AC/Heat Pump: $500 Mini-Split AC/Heat Pump: $500 Air Duct Sealing: up to $250 max Whole House Fan: $100 per unit

86

Idaho Power - Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Rebate Program Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Rebate Program Idaho Power - Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate Custom Incentive for Existing System Replacement: 75% of the total project cost Custom Incentive for a New System: 10% of the total project cost Sprinkler Equipment Incentives: 50% of equipment cost Program Info Funding Source Conservation Program Funding Charge collected by Idaho Power as approved by the state Public Utilities Commission. State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Incentive for Existing System Replacement: $0.25/annual kWh saved or $450/kW Custom Incentive for a New System: $0.25/annual kWh saved New Flow-Control Nozzles: $1.50/unit

87

Lighting Research Center Lighting Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 12) Solid State Lighting Luminaires - Color Characteristic Measurements. [22/S04] IES LM-16:1993 Practical Guide to Colorimetry of Light Sources. ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

Lighting Group: Light Distribution Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Alternatives to Incandescent Downlights Hotel and Institutional Bathroom Lighting Portable Office Lighting Systems Low Glare Outdoor Retrofit Luminaire LED Luminaires...

89

Modeling Irrigated Area to Increase Water, Energy, and Food Security in Semiarid India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of declining public investments in irrigation projects in India, the growth of irrigated agricultural production has increasingly become reliant on unsustainable allocation of groundwater. As a result, groundwater resources are ...

Tobias Siegfried; Stefan Sobolowski; Pradeep Raj; Ram Fishman; Victor Vasquez; Kapil Narula; Upmanu Lall; Vijay Modi

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Effects of irrigation on crops and soils with Raft River geothermal water  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Raft River Irrigation Experiment investigated the suitability of using energy-expended geothermal water for irrigation of selected field-grown crops. Crop and soil behavior on plots sprinkled or surface irrigated with geothermal water was compared to crop and soil behavior on plots receiving water from shallow irrigation wells and the Raft River. In addition, selected crops were produced, using both geothermal irrigation water and special management techniques. Crops irrigated with geothermal water exhibited growth rates, yields, and nutritional values similar to comparison crops. Cereal grains and surface-irrigated forage crops did not exhibit elevated fluoride levels or accumulations of heavy metals. However, forage crops sprinkled with geothermal water did accumulate fluorides, and leaching experiments indicate that new soils receiving geothermal water may experience increased salinity, exchangeable sodium, and decreased permeability. Soil productivity may be maintained by leaching irrigations.

Stanley, N.E.; Schmitt, R.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Outlaw lighting  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side management programs by utilities and the federal government`s Green Lights program have made significant inroads in promoting energy-efficient lighting. But the Energy Policy Act now prohibits certain types of lighting. This article provides analysis to help architects determine new lamp performance compared with older lighting products.

Bryan, H.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Geographic information system (GIS) and simulation model for management of irrigation districts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDMM (Irrigation District Management Model), a user friendly, GIS based, menu driven personal computer software program, was developed as a planning and management tool for improved water use and crop growth production in irrigation districts. It consists of IRDDESS (Irrigation District Decision Support System), a crop growth and district simulation model that was integrated into ArcView GIS software. To demonstrate the usefulness of the model, its predictions were compared with those observed in real systems with similar situations. The three simulation modules of IDMM were tested for two locations in the Brownsville Irrigation District (BID) in Texas. The POTPROD (potential production) simulation module, was used to simulate daily crop dry matter production and irrigation regimes during one season for four crops: maize, soybean, sorghum, and cotton. Generally, the larger irrigation volumes and more frequent irrigations resulted in the highest yields. The SIMDIRT (simulation under different irrigation treatments) module estimates potential yield under any combination of irrigation regimes. It was tested for sorghum for one crop season with eleven different irrigation regimes. Results show that actual yields were within 4 % of predicted in three of the irrigation regimes. The SIMWETH (simulation under different weather conditions) module allows the user to estimate yields for as many seasons as desired. Historical or stochastically produced weather data can be used to analyze how potential yields vary under a given irrigation regime over a long period of time. Proper water management in each farmer's field is important in improving the overall performance of an irrigation district; consequently IDMM's capabilities were demonstrated at the farm and the irrigation district levels. One of the most important components of IDMM is its ability to visually display and analyze all information concerning crops, fields, irrigation, gates, etc., providing irrigation districts with information crucial in the process of decision-making.

Nazarov, Azimjon S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Empirical evidence for a recent slowdown in irrigation-induced cooling  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the influence of past land use changes on climate is needed to improve regional projections of future climate change and inform debates about the tradeoffs associated with land use decisions. The effects of rapid expansion of irrigated area in the 20th century has remained unclear relative to other land use changes, such as urbanization, that affected a similar total land area. Using spatial and temporal variations in temperature and irrigation extent observed in California, we show that irrigation expansion has had a large cooling effect on summertime average daily daytime temperatures (-0.15 to -0.25 C.decade{sup -1}), which corresponds to a cooling estimated at -2.0 - -3.3 C since the introduction of irrigation practice. Irrigation has negligible effects on nighttime temperatures, leading to a net cooling effect of irrigation on climate (-0.06 to -0.19 C.decade{sup -1}). Stabilization of irrigated area has occurred in California since 1980 and is expected in the near future for most irrigated regions. The suppression of past human-induced greenhouse warming by increased irrigation is therefore likely to slow in the future, and a potential decrease in irrigation may even contribute to a more rapid warming. Changes in irrigation alone are not expected to influence broadscale temperatures, but they may introduce large uncertainties in climate projections for irrigated agricultural regions, which provide roughly 40% of global food production.

Bonfils, C; Lobell, D

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

94

Evaluations of emitter clogging in drip irrigation by two-phase flow simulations and laboratory experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emitter clogging will affect greatly the irrigation efficiency and the running cost of a drip irrigation system. If there is an effective method to predict the emitter clogging, the lost will be reduced to a minimum. A solid-liquid two-phase turbulent ... Keywords: Clogging, Computational fluid dynamics, Drip emitters, Drip irrigation, Two-phase flow

Wei Qingsong; Lu Gang; Liu Jie; Shi Yusheng; Dong Wenchu; Huang Shuhuai

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Calculating Horsepower Requirements and Sizing Supply Pipelines for Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pumping costs are often one of the largest single expenses in irrigated agriculture. This publication explains how to lower pumping costs by calculating horsepower requirements and sizing supply pipelines correctly. Examples take the reader through a step-by-step process. A special section deals with selecting PVC pipe.

Fipps, Guy

1995-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

96

Irrigation market for solar-thermal parabolic-dish systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential size of the onfarm-pumped irrigation market for solar thermal parabolic dish systems in seven high-insolation states is estimated. The study is restricted to the displacement of three specific fuels: gasoline, diesel and natural gas. A model was developed to estimate the optimal number of parabolic dish modules per farm based on the minimum cost mix of conventional and solar thermal energy required to meet irrigation needs. Results indicate that the near-term market for such systems depends not only on the type of crop and method of irrigation, but also on the optimal utilization of each added module, which in turn depends on the price of conventional fuel, real discount rate, marginal cost of the solar thermal power system, local insolation level and parabolic dish system efficiency. The study concludes that the potential market size for onfarm-pumped irrigation applications ranges from 101,000 modules when a 14% real discount rate is assumed to 220,000 modules when the real discount rate drops to 8%. Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico and Texas account for 98% of the total demand for this application, with the natural gas replacement market accounting for the largest segment (71%) of the total market.

Habib-agahi, H.; Jones, S.C.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Lighting Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

corridors. The overall range of savings was six to 80 percent. The Advanced Lighting Guidelines On-Line Edition New Buildings Institute 2011 presents a table of lighting energy...

98

Shape the light, light the shape - lighting installation in performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the lighting design theory Light Inside Out, which is the technique of shaping light toward a creation of lighting installation in performance (more)

Yu, Lih-Hwa, 1972-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Water and energy conservation through efficient irrigation management. Project completion report, January 1, 1975-December 1976  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation was made of corn (Zea mays L.) and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) yield and water use efficiency as influenced by irrigation timing. The study was located at Tribune (mean annual rainfall of 17.0 inches) and Manhattan, (mean annual rainfall of 33.5 inches) Kansas. Treatments consisted of no in-season irrigation, a single in-season irrigation at one of three different growth stages, and irrigating at each of the three selected growth stages. Selected growth stages in corn were pre-tassel, silk emergence, and blister; in grain sorghum they were boot, half-bloom, and soft-dough. Each irrigation was 4 inches at Manhattan and 6 inches at Tribune. All Tribune plots received a pre-plant irrigation in April of each year. Water was applied to basin plots using gated pipe. With no in-season irrigation, the 3-year mean grain sorghum yields were greater than corn yields at both Manhattan and Tribune. The largest 3-year mean yield for corn receiving a single in-season irrigation was obtained with the irrigation during silk emergence at both Manhattan and Tribune. Grain sorghum yields from the single in-season irrigation treatments were similar and presented no single time that tended to be superior during the three study years. Corn responded well to the three in-season irrigations. The grain sorghum yield increase for plots receiving three in-season irrigations as opposed to those receiving only one in-season irrigation is insufficient to justify the two additional irrigations.

Stone, L.R.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purple LED lamp Purple LED lamp Lighting Systems Lighting research is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes across the nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research falls into four main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems, Controls and Communications, and Human Factors. Contacts Francis Rubinstein FMRubinstein@lbl.gov (510) 486-4096 Links Lighting Research Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Economic Analysis of Alternative Irrigation Technologies: Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this study is the economic feasibility of drip irrigation adoption using capital budgeting and quadratic programming techniques. The capital budgeting techniques used in the study are net present value (NPV) and returns above specified costs (RASC). Modified crop enterprise budgets incorporating drip irrigation are developed based on data from Texas AgriLife Extension Service crop enterprise budgets and published literature focusing on costs and returns of drip irrigation. The quadratic programming technique considers risk and incorporates the modified crop enterprise budgets to estimate a cropping pattern that maximizes the net income above specified costs for the region. The RASC per acre for drip-irrigated crops ranged from $56.34 to $1,909.03, while the RASC per acre for flood-irrigated crops ranged from $142.51 to $1,488.12. Flood-irrigated onions, cotton, and sugarcane had higher RASCs per acre, while the RASCs were greater for drip-irrigated grapefruit and oranges. Evaluating the NPV of the crops resulted in similar results; only grapefruit and oranges were economically-feasible drip-irrigated crops. The baseline results identified levels of drip irrigation adoption ranging from 52,000 acres to 64,497 acres as levels of risk were varied. The level of water available at the reservoir suggested minimal impacts on the level of drip-irrigation adoption, but serious implications for the agriculture economy. Several sensitivity scenarios concentrated on the implications of yield response and water savings that result from the adoption of drip irrigation. The greatest amounts of drip-irrigated crops were present when the yield responses were 130% of the flood-irrigated crops with a 20% water savings. As the amount of water available was reduced, the amount of drip-irrigated crops ranged from 46,111 acres to 59,724 acres. Drip irrigation appears to be an economically-viable alternative in the LRGV due to the presence of drip-irrigated crops in the entire myriad of scenarios investigated in this research. If producers are only concerned with the bottom line as provided by the RASC analysis and no other variables such as water availability, risk, and crop rotations affecting the decision making process, only drip-irrigated grapefruit and oranges are economically competitive with conventional irrigation systems.

Wilbourn, Brant 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Role of Electricity in Pacific Northwest Irrigated Agriculture, 1979-1987 : A Study of Irrigation Price Elasticity of Demand, the Importance of Irrigated Agriculture to Rural Communities, and an Evaluation of Alternative Targeted Rate Discount Options for Irrigation Consumers, Volume 1.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased regional pressure for and against the wholesale rate discount has prompted BPA to evaluate the quantitative, qualitative, economic, and policy issues associated with an irrigation rate discount. BPA determined that more information was required in the following areas: Irrigation price elasticities at the subregional level (utility, group of utilities and/or production areas), importance of irrigated agriculture to local and regional economies, issues related to targeting an irrigation rate discount, and the role of BPA wholesale rates and rate discounts on Pacific Northwest sprinkler irrigation and the supporting economies. In response to this request for additional information, the analysis in the present study is conducted in four parts: Document the importance of irrigated agriculture, particularly sprinkler irrigated agriculture, to the Pacific Northwest economy and quantify the impact of the rate discount on regional agriculture and local communities; Estimate irrigation price elasticities for BPA customers at a subregional level, so that load impacts associated with the rate discount can be evaluated at a more localized level; Identify the economic, policy, and practical application issues associated with targeting a rate discount to groups of utilities or irrigators; and Review the short-term economic and policy outlook for irrigated agriculture in the Pacific Northwest and draw implications regarding the impact on producer response to electricity rates. 40 refs., 1 fig., 24 tabs.

Northwest Economic Associates.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Smart Grid Project District Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Modesto Irrigation District Recovery Act Funding $1,493,149.00 Total Project Value $2,986,298.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project Coordinates 37.6390972°, -120.9968782° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

104

Remote Sensing and Control for Establishing and Maintaining Digital Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The remotely sensed data from an unknown location is transmitted in real time through internet and gathered in a PC. The data is collected for a considerable period of time and analyzed in PC as to assess the suitability and fertility of the land for establishing an electronic plantation in that area. The analysis also helps deciding the plantation of appropriate plants in the location identified. The system performing this task with appropriate transducers installed in remote area, the methodologies involved in transmission and data gathering are reported.. The second part of the project deals with data gathering from remote site and issuing control signals to remote appliances in the site; all performed through internet. Therefore, this control scheme is a duplex system monitoring the irrigation activities by collecting data in one direction and issuing commands on the opposite direction. This scheme maintains the digital irrigation systems effectively and efficiently as to utilize the resources optimally f...

cellatoglu, Akin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Incentives for energy efficient commercial lighting equipment as well as commercial LED lighting equipment are available to businesses under the Efficiency Vermont Lighting and LED Lighting...

106

Women and Irrigation in Nepal: Context, Issues and Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are works that have economic value and include the production of commodities that are geared towards the market. Reproducti ve works are the domestic works of the household and are generally not considered "work" because these do not directly contribute... in search of economic alternatives. But it is not all that all women are engaged in irrigation. It is usually the poor women of nuclear families, whose husband/family members haslhave migrated out in search of other economical avenues, or separated women...

Ghimire, Sujan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Solar irrigation program. Status report, October 1976--January 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of the Solar Irrigation Program is summarized. The program initially consisted of a shallow well experiment that is now under construction in New Mexico. It has recently been expanded to include a deep well experiment in Arizona and a follow-on, as yet undefined, demonstration system. Most of this report is limited to technical discussions of the shallow well experiment design, and analyses are given which support the design choices selected.

Alvis, R.L.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Northern Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern Lights Northern Lights Nature Bulletin No. 178-A February 6, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NORTHERN LIGHTS To a person seeing the Aurora Borealis or "northern lights" for the first time, it is an uncanny awe-inspiring spectacle. Sometimes it begins as a glow of red on the northern horizon, ominously suggesting a great fire, gradually changing to a curtain of violet-white, or greenish-yellow light extending from east to west. Some times this may be transformed to appear as fold upon fold of luminous draperies that march majestically across the sky; sometimes as a vast multitude of gigantic flaming swords furiously slashing at the heavens; sometimes as a flowing crown with long undulating colored streamers fanning downward and outward.

109

Yield and quality responses of corn silage genotypes under reduced irrigation in the Texas High Plains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Two main options exist for producers to optimize the production of corn silage in limited-irrigation systems. First, they can utilize best management practices to make (more)

Spinhirne, Bruce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Solar-powered irrigation systems. Technical progress report, July 1977--January 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Dispersed solar thermal power systems applied to farm irrigation energy needs are analyzed. The 17 western states, containing 84% of nationwide irrigated croplands and consuming 93% of nationwide irrigation energy, have been selected to determine were solar irrigation systems can compete most favorably with conventional energy sources. Financial analysis of farms, according to size and ownership, was accomplished to permit realistic comparative analyses of system lifetime costs. Market potential of optimized systems has been estimated for the 17-state region for near-term (1985) and intermediate-term (2000) applications. Technical, economic, and institutional factors bearing on penetration and capture of this market are being identified.

None

1978-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

Light Organizing/Organizing Light [Light in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a street through alter nating areas of dark and light, welandscapes, streets and squares. Light summons our spiritfor changing light, both outside rooms (such as streets and

Schwartz, Martin

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Integrated assessment of conservation opportunities in the irrigated agriculture sector of the Pacific Northwest Region  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research to identify the potential energy savings and cost per kWh saved for implementing currently available energy conservation measures in the irrigated agriculture sector of the Pacific Northwest. A computer model that simulates the energy consumption process of irrigation systems and estimates the levelized costs of undertaking conservation investments is the primary analytical tool used in this research. Using engineering and economic input parameters for the various conservation measures that could potentially be implemented in irrigated agriculture, the Irrigation Sector Energy Planning (ISEP) model generates estimates of energy savings and cost per kWh saved for the measures. All parameters input to the ISEP model are based upon empirical field data. Results provided by the ISEP model indicate tht by the year 2003 a total of approximately 158.6 average MW of energy could potentially be saved in the Pacific Northwest irrigation sector on all sprinkler-irrigated acres. Approximately 130.4 average MW can be saved on acres currently by sprinkler, while an additional 28.2 average MW could be saved on new acres that are forecast to come under irrigation in the next 20 years. The largest share of the total savings (47%) is estimated to come from the use of low-pressure irrigation. Over 60% of the total potential savings 158.6 average MW is estimated to be available for a cost per kWh saved of 20 mills or less and over 75% could be achieved for a cost of 30 mills or less. Savings from low-pressure irrigation and the redesign of fittings and mainlines will normally cost less than 20 mills per kWh saved. Almost all of the savings that are estimated to cost more than 30 mills per kWh saved to obtain are savings from improved irrigation scheduling on irrigated acres that use surface water and have low average pumping lifts.

Harrer, B.J.; Lezberg, A.J.; Wilfert, G.L.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

1980 annual report of the Coolidge Solar Irrigation Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Coolidge Solar Irrigation Facility at Coolidge, Arizona, consists of a 2136.8-m/sup 2/ (23,000-ft/sup 2/) line-focus parabolic trough collector subsystem, a 113.55-m/sup 3/ (30,000-gallon) thermal storage subsystem, and a 150-kW/sub e/ (142.2-Btu/s) organic Rankine cycle power generation unit. The performance of the facility and its operational and maintenance requirements are reported. The period from the the facility's initial operation in October 1979 to 31 August 1980 is covered.

Torkelson, L.; Larson, D. L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions LED Lighting Facts LED lighting facts - A Program of the U.S. DOE DOE's LED Lighting Facts® program showcases LED products for general

115

A Modeling Study of Irrigation Effects on Surface Fluxes and LandAirCloud Interactions in the Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the authors incorporate an operational-like irrigation scheme into the Noah land surface model as part of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF). A series of simulations, with and without irrigation, is conducted over the ...

Yun Qian; Maoyi Huang; Ben Yang; Larry K. Berg

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The Effect of Irrigation on Regional Temperatures: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Trends in California, 19342002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of air temperatures to widespread irrigation may represent an important component of past and/or future regional climate changes. The quantitative impact of irrigation on daily minimum and maximum temperatures (Tmin and Tmax) in ...

David B. Lobell; Cline Bonfils

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Effect of cropping strategies on the irrigation water productivity of durum wheat Khaledian, MRa, b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate with water deficiency. Author-produced version of the article published in Plant Soil Environ results in significant water savings. The highest irrigation water Author-produced version of the articleEffect of cropping strategies on the irrigation water productivity of durum wheat Khaledian, MRa, b

118

Impact of Climate Change on Irrigation Water Availability, Crop Water Requirements and Soil Salinity in the SJV, CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Irrigation Water Availability, Crop Water Requirementsreduced surface water availability can be managed byrequirement and water availability (surface water and

Hopmans, Jan W; Maurer, Edwin P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

On-farm US irrigation pumping plants. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over 473,000 on-farm pumping plants are being used to pump and deliver irrigation water in the United States. The distribution of these units by geographic regions and potential wind power zones was determined. Over 60 percent of the pumping units in the US are smaller than 37.3 kW (50 horsepower) in size and only 9.4 percent of the units are larger than 74.6 kW in size (100 horsepower). Over 49 percent of these pumps (231,440) are located in the six Great Plains States of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. This area also has the largest potential wind power in the US during the primary irrigation season. Over 51 percent of the pumping units are located in wind zones having a potential average wind power greater than 250 W/m/sup 2/ at an elevation of 50 meters. However, only 6.5 percent of the units are located in the largest potential average wind power zone (> 400 W/m/sup 2/ at 50 meters). In general, those areas which have greater potential wind power, have larger sized pumping units.

Gilley, J.R.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Light Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

Gordon Chalmers

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extensively in concert lighting and are finding increased usage in dance lighting because refers to the upstage back curtain (is white or a light color), which can be us for lighting or special Mixer #12;Monitor House speaker Lighting System Control Board: Similar to the sound board, the light

Bifano, Thomas

122

Use of Irrigation to Extend the Seeding Window for Final Reclamation at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy has implemented a program to investigate the feasibility of various techniques for reclaiming lands disturbed during site characterization at Yucca Mountain. As part of this program, two studies were conducted in 1997 to assess the effects of combinations of seeding date (date that seeds are planted) and supplemental irrigation on densities of native plant species at Yucca Mountain. Study objectives were to (1) determine whether the traditional seeding window (October-December) could be extended through combinations of seeding date and irrigation date, (2) determine which combination of seeding date and irrigation was most successful, and (3) assess the effects of irrigation versus natural precipitation on seedling establishment. In the first study, a multi-species seed mix of 16 native species was sown into plots on four dates (12/96, 2/97, 3/97, and 4/97). Irrigation treatments were control (no irrigation) or addition of 80 mm of supplemental water applied over a one month period. Plant densities were sampled in August and again in October, 1997. In the second study, Larrea tridentata and Lycium andersonii, two species that are common at Yucca Mountain, but difficult to establish from seed, were sown together into plots in January and August, 1997. Half the plots were irrigated with approximately 250 mm of water between August 18 and September 11, while the remaining plots received no irrigation (control). Plant densities were sampled in October, 1997. The August census for the multi-species mix study showed irrigated plots that were sown in February, March and April had higher plant densities and more species than plots that were not irrigated. Irrigation had no effect on plant densities on plots that were seeded in December. Plots were used again in October following 18 mm of precipitation in September. Densities of three species, Ambrosia dumosa, Hymenoclea salsola, and L. tridentata, (warm-season species) were lower on irrigated plots sown in December, February, and March, and showed no response to irrigation on plots sown in April. Therefore, early spring irrigation did not facilitate establishment of warm-season species. These results suggest that these species are dependent upon precipitation while temperatures are warm in late summer or fall. However, control plots that were seeded in December had acceptable densities of these species. A more practical approach might be to avoid irrigation costs by seeding in December and waiting for fall precipitation. The remaining species (cool-season species) showed an opposite response to supplemental water with greater densities on irrigated plots sown in February, March, and April, and no response to irrigation on plots sown in December. While these results show that irrigation can extend the seeding window for cool-season species should it be necessary, it was also apparent that if seeds are sown by late December, irrigation is not necessary to achieve acceptable plant densities.

TRW Environmental Safety

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Garland Light & Power Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Garland Light & Power Company Place Wyoming Utility Id 6950 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GENERAL SERVICE OVER 25 KVA Rate Code C Industrial GENERAL SERVICE SINGLE-PHASE Rate Code A Commercial IRRIGATION Rate Code B-25 Horsepower or less Commercial IRRIGATION Rate Code B-Over 25 Horsepower Industrial RESIDENTIAL TIME OF USE (Off-Peak) Rate Code D Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1300/kWh Commercial: $0.1330/kWh

124

Texas Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electric lighting electric lighting The SNAP House's lighting design aims for elegant simplicity in concept, use, and maintenance. Throughout the house, soft, ambient light is juxtaposed with bright, direct task lighting. All ambient and most task lighting is integrated directly into the architectural design of the house. An accent light wall between the bedroom and bathroom provides a glowing light for nighttime navigation.

125

Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lighting and Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the most promising and unique energy efficient light source light emitting diode (LED) lighting. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the upcoming growth of the LED and LED lighting market. Future technical improvements to LEDs and systems are also emphasized. Discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from traditional lighting to LED lighting is provided. LED lighting technologies are covered in...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix F: Irrigation, Municipal and Industrial/Water Supply.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since the 1930`s, the Columbia River has been harnessed for the benefit of the Northwest and the nation. Federal agencies have built 30 major dams on the river and its tributaries. Dozens of non-Federal projects have been developed as well. The dams provide flood control, irrigation, navigation, hydro-electric power generation, recreation, fish and wildlife, and streamflows for wildlife, anadromous fish, resident fish, and water quality. This is Appendix F of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Columbia River System, focusing on irrigation issues and concerns arrising from the Irrigation and Mitigation of impacts (M&I) working Group of the SOR process. Major subheadings include the following: Scope and process of irrigation/M&I studies; Irrigation/M&I in the Columbia Basin Today including overview, irrigated acreage and water rights, Irrigation and M&I issues basin-wide and at specific locations; and the analysis of impacts and alternative for the Environmental Impact Statement.

Columbia River System Operations Review (U.S.); United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. North Pacific Division; United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Pacific Northwest Region.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Application of wind energy to Great Plains irrigation pumping. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy systems without energy storage for irrigation in the Great Plains are studied. Major uses of irrigation energy were identified as pumping for surface distribution systems, which could be supplied by variable flow, and pumping for sprinkler systems using constant flow. A computer program was developed to simulate operation of wind-powered irrigation wells. Pumping by wind turbine systems was simulated for 2 variable and 2 constant flow operational modes in which auxiliary motors were used in 3 of the modes. Using the simulation program, the well yields and maximum pumping rates among the 4 modes as a function of drawdown in a typical well are compared.

Hagen, L.J.; Lyles, L.; Skidmore, E.L.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Response of Peanuts to Irrigation Management at Different Crop Growth Stages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Past irrigation research on peanuts has shown that when the plant is exposed to soil moisture stress at different crop growth stages, different responses seem to exist between the Spanish and the Florunner peanut varieties. The Spanish peanuts appear more susceptible to soil moisture stress during the blooming and pegging stage, while the Florunners seem more susceptible during the late maturation stage. The objective of this experiment was to determine the optimum irrigation schedule for peanuts at different crop growth stages for the Spanish and the Florunner varieties. The yield of the two varieties was evaluated under seven different irrigation treatments including a "no stress" check treatment and a dryland treatment. Each treatment had a different schedule of either irrigating or stressing the peanut plant during one or more of three crop growth stages. The three crop growth stages were: (1) pegging; (2) early maturation; and (3) late maturation. Rainfall during the vegetative and blooming stage ensured adequate moisture for both of the crop growth stages. Evapotranspiration was monitored throughout the life cycle for both peanut varieties. The evapotranspiration was determined using a soil moisture balance equation. Plant growth in the form of dry matter accumulation and leaf area index was also studied for the Spanish variety. No significant differences in the leaf area index existed between the treatments. The dry matter growth analysis showed that an irrigation during the pegging stage resulted in a faster pod weight accumulation during the early maturation stage than if no irrigation occurred during that stage. The yield and evapotranspiration results showed that differences existed between the two peanut varieties. First, for the Spanish variety, the results indicated that soil moisture is needed during the pegging stage to obtain near maximum yields. Treatments with an irrigation during the pegging stage had a greater evapotranspiration and larger yields, than the treatments without an irrigation during this stage. Second, if an irrigation is made during the pegging stage, an additional irrigation during the early maturation stage is unnecessary. Third, an irrigation during the late maturation stage will increase yield if dry climatic conditions normally exist during this stage. In the case of the Florunner variety, the yield results indicated that moisture stress should occur in no more than one of the crop growth stages if yield reductions are to be minimized. Also, an adequate supply of soil moisture during the late maturation stage is absolutely necessary in order to obtain maximum yields for Florunner peanuts. Treatments which had an irrigation during the late maturation stage had a steady evapotranspiration rate during this crop growth stage and had near maximum yields. Treatments which showed a decrease in the evapotranspiration rate during the late maturation stage produced a significantly lower yield.

Howell, T. A.; McFarland, M. J.; Reddell, D. L.; Brown, K. W.; Newton, R. J.; Dahmen, P.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

A detailed examination of the current energy conservation practices for lighting systems is presented. This first part of a two-part presentation covers the following: energy and lighting design; lighting and energy standards; lighting efficiency factors; light control and photometrics; lighting and the architectural interior; luminaire impact on the environment; basic design techniques; the lighting power budget; and conservation through control.

Helms, R.N.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting Speaker(s): Martin Moeck Date: August 6, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 We give a short overview on high-power light emitting diodes,...

131

Regional climate effects of irrigation and urbanization in the western united states: a model intercomparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the two northern grid cells, sensible heat flux decreasedthe two southern grid cells sensible heat flux increased andgrid cells that were irrigated in Figure 5. January and August latent heat

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Effect of Irrigation on Warm Season Precipitation in the Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synoptic and subsynoptic atmospheric processes that accompany statistically determined periods of irrigation-induced rainfall increases during the warm season in the Texas Panhandle are examined. Major results are as follows.

Anthony G. Barnston; Paul T. Schickedanz

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Modeling the effects of groundwater-fed irrigation on terrestrial hydrology over the conterminous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human alteration of the land surface hydrologic cycle is substantial. Recent studies suggest that local water management practices including groundwater pumping and irrigation could significantly alter the quantity and distribution of water in the ...

Guoyong Leng; Maoyi Huang; Qiuhong Tang; Huilin Gao; L. Ruby Leung

134

Water sensors with cellular system eliminate tail water drainage in alfalfa irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Improving irrigation water management of alfalfa. In:number, sensor number and water arrival time. Wire meshplate Terminals Fig. 1. The water-arrival, or wetting-front,

Saha, Rajat; Raghuwanshi, Narendra S; Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K; Wallender, Wesley W.; Slaughter, David C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Evaluation of Lighting and Lighting Control Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient lighting and lighting controls have been a means to significant energy savings for many facilities around the world. Advances in lighting sources often allow for the conservation of quality of light while providing more flexibility in the control of light. Additionally, advances in core technologies within the lighting marketplace regularly lead to the introduction of new lamps, fixtures and controls. With the rapid introduction of new products and designs, it is important to ...

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Lighting Group: Controls: PIER Lighting Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PIER Lighting Projects CEC Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Projects Objective Lighting controls are often expensive, complex, hard to commission properly and difficult to...

137

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated...

138

Modified Streamflows 1990 Level of Irrigation : Columbia River and Coastal Basins, 1928-1989.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The annual operation plans described in the following sections require detailed system regulation computer model studies. These system regulation studies are necessary to evaluate potential new projects and to develop operational rule curves for the existing system of projects. The objective is to provide a basis for evaluating alternative system regulation scenarios. This provides essential input for optimizing the management of existing projects and planning future projects for the most beneficial use of the water supply and resources in the entire region. Historical streamflows per se are inadequate for system regulation studies because the pattern of observed flow has continually changed with each successive stage of irrigation and e development. The problem, therefore, is to adjust for past operation of storage projects and to determine the necessary adjustments that should be made to recorded flows to reflect current stages of irrigation development. Historical flows which have been adjusted to a common level of irrigation development by correcting for the effects of diversion demand, return flow, and change-of-contents and evaporation in upstream reservoirs and lakes are referred to as modified flows. This report describes the development of irrigation depletion adjustments and modified flows for the 1990 level of development for the 61-year period 1928--1989. incremental depletion adjustments were computed in this report for each month of the 61-year period to adjust the effects of actual irrigation in each year up to that which would have been experienced with the irrigation as practiced in 1990.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; A.G. Crook Company

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Meeker Coop Light & Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Meeker Coop Light & Power Assn Meeker Coop Light & Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Meeker Coop Light & Power Assn Place Minnesota Utility Id 12227 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cycle Air Conditioning Residential Dual Fuel Space Heating Residential Heat Pump and Cooling Residential Irrigation Industrial Large Power Peak Alert: 350 KVA or Greater Industrial Large Power Peak Alert: 350 KVA or Greater- Non Control Commercial

140

Crow Wing Cooperative Power & Light Comp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wing Cooperative Power & Light Comp Wing Cooperative Power & Light Comp Jump to: navigation, search Name Crow Wing Cooperative Power & Light Comp Place Minnesota Utility Id 4577 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MAPP NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Dual Fuel Residential Freedom Heating Residential Industrial Industrial Irrigation Industrial Large Power Industrial Off Peak Residential Residential Whole House Heat Pump Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1020/kWh Commercial: $0.0971/kWh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Next Generation Light Source  

Next Generation Light Source Super Thin Light Bulb, Energy Efficient, Long Life, Dimmable, and Uniform Illumination High Entry Barrier 71 ...

142

First Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first dwarf galaxies, which constitute the building blocks of the collapsed objects we find today in the Universe, had formed hundreds of millions of years after the big bang. This pedagogical review describes the early growth of their small-amplitude seed fluctuations from the epoch of inflation through dark matter decoupling and matter-radiation equality, to the final collapse and fragmentation of the dark matter on all mass scales above \\~10^{-4} solar masses. The condensation of baryons into halos in the mass range of ~10^5-10^{10} solar masses led to the formation of the first stars and the re-ionization of the cold hydrogen gas, left over from the big bang. The production of heavy elements by the first stars started the metal enrichment process that eventually led to the formation of rocky planets and life. A wide variety of instruments currently under design [including large-aperture infrared telescopes on the ground or in space (JWST), and low-frequency arrays for the detection of redshifted 21cm radiation], will establish better understanding of the first sources of light during an epoch in cosmic history that was largely unexplored so far. Numerical simulations of reionization are computationally challenging, as they require radiative transfer across large cosmological volumes as well as sufficently high resolution to identify the sources of the ionizing radiation. The technological challenges for observations and the computational challenges for numerical simulations, will motivate intense work in this field over the coming decade.

Abraham Loeb

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

143

Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Lighting When you're shopping for lightbulbs, compare lumens and use the Lighting Facts label to be sure you're getting the amount of light, or level of brightness, you want. You can save money and energy while lighting your home and still maintaining good light quantity and quality. Consider energy-efficient lighting options to use the same amount of light for less money. Learn strategies for comparing and buying lighting products and using them efficiently. Featured Lighting Choices to Save You Money Light your home for less money while using the same amount of light. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home.

144

Modeling the Atmospheric Response to Irrigation in the Great Plains. Part II: The Precipitation of Irrigated Water and Changes in Precipitation Recycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid expansion of irrigation in the Great Plains since World War II has resulted in significant water table declines, threatening the long-term sustainability of the Ogallala Aquifer. As discussed in Part I of this paper, the Weather Research ...

Keith J. Harding; Peter K. Snyder

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Value of Probabilistic Weather Forecasts: Assessment by Real-Time Optimization of Irrigation Scheduling  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a modeling framework for real-time decision support for irrigation scheduling using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) probabilistic rainfall forecasts. The forecasts and their probability distributions are incorporated into a simulation-optimization modeling framework. In this study, modeling irrigation is determined by a stochastic optimization program based on the simulated soil moisture and crop water-stress status and the forecasted rainfall for the next 1-7 days. The modeling framework is applied to irrigated corn in Mason County, Illinois. It is found that there is ample potential to improve current farmers practices by simply using the proposed simulation-optimization framework, which uses the present soil moisture and crop evapotranspiration information even without any forecasts. It is found that the values of the forecasts vary across dry, normal, and wet years. More significant economic gains are found in normal and wet years than in dry years under the various forecast horizons. To mitigate drought effect on crop yield through irrigation, medium- or long-term climate predictions likely play a more important role than short-term forecasts. NOAA's imperfect 1-week forecast is still valuable in terms of both profit gain and water saving. Compared with the no-rain forecast case, the short-term imperfect forecasts could lead to additional 2.4-8.5% gain in profit and 11.0-26.9% water saving. However, the performance of the imperfect forecast is only slightly better than the ensemble weather forecast based on historical data and slightly inferior to the perfect forecast. It seems that the 1-week forecast horizon is too limited to evaluate the role of the various forecast scenarios for irrigation scheduling, which is actually a seasonal decision issue. For irrigation scheduling, both the forecast quality and the length of forecast time horizon matter. Thus, longer forecasts might be necessary to evaluate the role of forecasts for irrigation scheduling in a more effective way.

Cai, Ximing; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Wang, Dingbao

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

146

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Speaker(s): Mehlika Inanici Date: July 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney Virtual Lighting Laboratory is a Radiance-based lighting analysis tool and methodology that proposes transformations in the utilization of computer visualization in lighting analysis and design decision-making. It is a computer environment, where the user has been provided with matrices of illuminance and luminance values extracted from high dynamic range images. The principal idea is to provide the laboratory to the designer and researcher to explore various lighting analysis techniques instead of imposing limited number of predetermined metrics. In addition, it introduces an analysis approach for temporal and spatial lighting

147

New Light Sources for Tomorrow's Lighting Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lighting industry is driven to provide light sources and lighting systems that, when properly applied, will produce a suitable luminous environment in which to perform a specified task. Tasks may include everything from office work, manufacturing and inspection to viewing priceless art objects, selecting the right chair for your living room, and deciding which produce item to select for tonight's dinner. While energy efficiency is a major consideration in any new lighting system design, the sacrifice of lighting quality may cost more in terms of lost productivity and user dissatisfaction than can ever be saved on that monthly energy bill. During the past several years, many new light sources have been developed and introduced. These product introductions have not been limited to anyone lamp type, but instead may be found in filament, fluorescent and high intensity discharge lamp families. Manufacturers of light sources have two basic goals for new product development. These goals are high efficiency lighting and improved color rendering properties. High efficiency lighting may take the form of either increasing lamp efficiency (lumens of light delivered per watt of power consumed) or decreasing lamp size, thus making a more easily controlled light source that places light where it is needed. The manufacturer's second goal is to produce lamps that render colors accurately while maintaining high efficiency. This paper will discuss new introductions in light sources and lighting systems and how they may impact the design of luminous environments of the future.

Krailo, D. A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Lighting Options for Homes.  

SciTech Connect

This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

Baker, W.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Mobile lighting apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

150

Analysis of the tradeoff between irrigated agriculure and hydroelectric power in the Pacific Northwest. [Base-line estimate of the effects of agricultural irrigation on the hydroelectric power generating potential projected for the year 2020  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogeneration and irrigated agriculture are major competing users of the waters of the Columbia River and its tributaries. Irrigated agriculture requires the diversion of large amounts of water from the rivers, only part of which returns. As a result, streamflow is reduced and the generation potential of dams located downstream from points of irrigation diversion is reduced. In addition, irrigated agriculture involves the direct consumption of electricity to pump irrigation water and to apply it to crops in the field. The purpose of this report is to make a baseline estimate of the impact on the electrical generation system in the region of the level of irrigation development projected for year 2020 by the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. This baseline estimate reflects the assumption that current conditions will prevail in the future. The results, therefore, provide a standard against which the impacts of changes in current conditions can be measured. It is estimated that the projected development level of 11.4 million acres of irrigated agriculture in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho by year 2020 would result in foregone hydroelectric generation potential of approximately 17.8 million megawatt-hours (MWh) annually and direct consumption of electric power for pumping and application of approximately 10.3 million MWh's annually. Thus, a total of 28.1 million MWh's of electric power generation will have to be traded off each year if irrigated agriculture is to be conducted on the projected scale. (ERB)

Davis, A. E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Efficient Irrigation for Water Conservation in the Rio Grande Basin: 2010/2011 Progress and Accomplishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2001, the Efficient Irrigation for Water Conservation in the Rio Grande Basin Federal Initiative-known as the Rio Grande Basin Initiative (RGBI)-has saved more than 5 million acre-feet of water. Researchers, Extension specialists, and county Extension agents from Texas AgriLife Research, the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, and the New Mexico State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service work with local irrigation districts, agricultural producers, homeowners, and regional agencies to meet present and future water demand through water conservation and efficient irrigation measures. This project is funded through the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture and is administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute and the New Mexico State University Water Task Force.

Kalisek, D.; Harris, B. L.; Runyan, C.; DeMouche, L.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Efficient Irrigation for Water conservation in the Rio Grande Basin: 2010-2011 Progress and Accomplishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2001, the Efficient Irrigation for Water Conservation in the Rio Grande Basin Federal Initiative known as the Rio Grande Basin Initiative (RGBI)has saved more than 5 million acre-feet of water. Researchers, Extension specialists, and county Extension agents from Texas AgriLife Research, the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, and the New Mexico State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service work with local irrigation districts, agricultural producers, homeowners, and regional agencies to meet present and future water demand through water conservation and efficient irrigation measures. This project is funded through the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture and is administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute and the New Mexico State University Water Task Force.

Kalisek, D.; Harris, B.L.; Runyan, C.; DeMouche, L.

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

153

Geometry-dependent lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we introduce geometrydependent lighting that allows lighting parameters to be defined independently and possibly discrepantly over an object or scene based on the local geometry. We present and discuss Light Collages, a lighting design system with geometry-dependent lights for effective feature-enhanced visualization. Our algorithm segments the objects into local surface patches and places lights that are locally consistent but globally discrepant to enhance the perception of shape. We use spherical harmonics for efficiently storing and computing light placement and assignment. We also outline a method to find the minimal number of light sources sufficient to illuminate an object well with our globally discrepant lighting approach. Index Terms Lighting design, scientific illustration, discrepant lighting, light placement, silhouette enhancement, proximity shadows, spherical harmonics I.

Chang Ha Lee; Xuejun Hao; Amitabh Varshney

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Lighting Group: What's New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What's New What's New in the Lighting Group For more information on what's new in the Lighting Group, please contact: Francis Rubinstein Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4096...

155

Light in the city  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on enhancing the awareness of light for the pedestrian,and using light as a way of revealing the structure of the city and its relation to the cosmos. It proposes that aesthetic qualities of light inform ...

Srinivasan, Kavita, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Specific light in sculpture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

Powell, John William

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Energy_Savings_Light_Emitting_Diodes_Niche_Lighting_Apps.pdf...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.pdf EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.pdf EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.p...

158

A Decision Support System for irrigation water allocation along the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the water resource management of the inland river basins of northwestern China, a Decision Support System (DSS) is developed to provide an operative computer platform for decision makers. The DSS is designed according to actual water resource ... Keywords: Decision Support System, GIS, Irrigation management, Irrigation water allocation, Water resource management

Yingchun Ge, Xin Li, Chunlin Huang, Zhuotong Nan

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Irrigation water demand forecasting: a data pre-processing and data mining approach based on spatio-temporal data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

World population is increasing at a fast rate resulting in huge pressure on limited water resources. Just about 3% of the earth's total water is freshwater that can be used for various applications including irrigation. Therefore, an efficient irrigation ... Keywords: data mining, data pre-processing, decision support system, decision tree, demand forecasting, water management

Mahmood A. Khan, Zahidul Islam, Mohsin Hafeez

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Coupled hydrological-economic modelling for optimised irrigated cultivation in a semi-arid catchment of West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled model system, consisting of a distributed hydrological model and an economic optimisation model, communicating via model interfaces, is developed and applied to investigate regional interdependencies between irrigated agriculture and regional ... Keywords: Decision support, Distributed hydrological modelling, Economic modelling, Irrigated agriculture, Model coupling, Non-linear programming, West Africa

H. Ahrends; M. Mast; Ch. Rodgers; H. Kunstmann

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Prospects for LED lighting.  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state lighting using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has the potential to reduce energy consumption for lighting by 50% while revolutionizing the way we illuminate our homes, work places, and public spaces. Nevertheless, substantial technical challenges remain in order for solid-state lighting to significantly displace the well-developed conventional lighting technologies. We review the potential of LED solid-state lighting to meet the long-term cost goals.

Tsao, Jeffrey Yeenien; Gee, James Martin; Simmons, Jerry Alvon

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Lighting Control Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demand for lighting control systems in residential, commercial, and industrial facilities is on the rise with the demand for increased energy savings. With lighting accounting for almost 23% of grid load, there is significant opportunity to reduce lighting load while improving the quality of light for customers. Lighting control systems are becoming more intelligent as the need for them to interface with building control systems and demand response systems also increases. Lighting control systems use...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

163

Potential cost savings from investments in energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

A comparative analysis is presented of the levelized costs of selected irrigation systems, with an emphasis on the costs and benefits of energy savings. The net economic benefits are evaluated, measured as energy cost savings minus additional capital and operating costs, of some energy-conserving systems. Energy use in irrigation and descriptions of both the conventional and the energy-saving technologies involved in the analysis are discussed. The approach used in the analysis is outlined, and comparative analysis results are discussed. Detailed cost information is presented by state. (LEW)

Patton, W.P.; Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.; Sherman, K.L.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Composite Lighting Simulations with Lighting Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A whole variety of different techniques for simulating global illumination in virtual environments have been developed over recent years. Each technique, including Radiosity, Monte-Carlo ray- or photon tracing, and directional-dependent Radiance computations, is best suited for simulating only some special case environments. None of these techniques is currently able to efficiently simulate all important lighting effects in non-trivial scenes. In this paper, we describe a new approach for efficiently combining different global illumination algorithms to yield a composite lighting simulation: Lighting Networks. Lighting Networks can exploit the advantages of each algorithm and can combine them in such a way as to simulate lighting effects that could only be computed at great costs by any single algorithm. Furthermore, this approach allows a user to configure the Lighting Network to compute only specific lighting effects that are important for a given task, while avoiding a costly simulation of the full global illumination in a scene. We show how the light paths computed by a Lighting Network can be described using regular expressions. This mapping allows us to analyze the composite lighting simulation and ensure completeness and redundant-free computations. Several examples demonstrate the advantages and unique lighting effects that can be obtained using this technique. 1

Philipp Slusallek; Marc Stamminger; Wolfgang Heidrich; Jan-Christian Popp; Hans-peter Seidel

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Validating the Estimated Cost of Saving Water Through Infrastructure Rehabilitation in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Case Study Using Actual Construction Costs for the Curry Main Pipeline Project, Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg)

Lacewell, R. D.; Rister, M.; Sturdivant, A. W.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Lighting Group: Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links Links Links Organizations Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) International Commission on Illumination (CIE) International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) International Association of Energy-Efficient Lighting Lightfair International Energy Agency - Task 21: Daylight in Buildings: Design Tools and Performance Analysis International Energy Agency - Task 31: Daylighting Buildings in 21st Century National Association on Qualifications for the Lighting Professions (NCQLP) National Association of Independent Lighting Distributors (NAILD) International Association of Lighting Management Companies (NALMCO) Research Centers California Lighting Technology Center Lighting Research Center Lighting Research at Canada Institute for Research in Construction

167

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center Technical Advisory Group Meeting August 31, 2007 10:30 AM - Noon Meeting Agenda * Introductions (10 minutes) * Main Presentation (~ 1 hour) * Questions, comments from panel (15 minutes) Project History * Lighting Scoping Study (completed January 2007) - Identified potential for energy and demand savings using demand responsive lighting systems - Importance of dimming - New wireless controls technologies * Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) Objectives * Provide up-to-date information on the reliability, predictability of dimmable lighting as a demand resource under realistic operating load conditions * Identify potential negative impacts of DR lighting on lighting quality Potential of Demand Responsive Lighting Control

168

Light Laboratory, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 12) Solid State Lighting Luminaires - Color Characteristic Measurements. [22/S04] IES LM-16:1993 Practical Guide to Colorimetry of Light Sources. ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

169

Hubbell Lighting Photometric Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 12) Solid State Lighting Luminaires - Color Characteristic Measurements. [22/S04] IES LM-16:1993 Practical Guide to Colorimetry of Light Sources. ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy Efficient Lighting Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Road Vista, San Diego, CA [200823- 0] Light Laboratory, Inc ... GA. CSA Group, Alpharetta, GA [200732- 0] Cooper Lighting Photometric Laboratory ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

171

Light Metals 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2010 ... Softcover book: Light Metals 2008 Volume 2: Aluminum Reduction. Hardcover book and CD-ROM: Light Metals 2009...

172

Plant and Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

publicationshouseplantligh t.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach "Artificial" light comes from many kinds of bulbs that emit different wavelengths of light; Many plants...

173

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Angle Limit," Phys. Rev. Lett., 99: 134801 (2007). 33 Researchers Produce Firsts with Bursts of Light BNL researchers have generated extremely short pulses of light that are the...

174

Lighting and Daylighting Basics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting.

175

Lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Lighting Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Lighting Incentives...

176

Lighting Systems Test Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement equipment with light beam Lighting Systems Test Facilities NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be...

177

Lighting and Daylighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting.

178

Looking For Light.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In my search for the way light can dictate the overall expression of an image, I have found that light is the means that activates (more)

Lindholm, Kevin R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

LBNL Lighting Research Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED and ballast berkeley lamp workstation light switch Overview | What's New | Publications | Software | Facilities | People | Contact Us | Links Sources and Ballasts | Light...

180

Properties of Light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Scattering of Light. Exploration: Sunset in a glass. ... How would you design a camera that could see through a sand storm? Invisible Light. ...

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Cree LED Lighting Solutions Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures LLF...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cree LED Lighting Solutions Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures LLF Jump to: navigation, search Name Cree LED Lighting Solutions (Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures (LLF)) Place...

182

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-Turlock CA-City-Turlock Location: City Turlock CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description Retrofit high pressure sodium street lights with induction lighting and retrofit security lights in city parks. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health, including DOE and/or Executive Orders; require siting, construction, or major expansion of waste storage, disposal, recovery, or treatment facilities, but may include such categorically excluded facilities; disturb hazardous substances, pollutants, contaminants, or

183

Evaluation of Irrigation Efficiency Strategies for Far West Texas: Feasibility, Water Savings And Cost Considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Texas recently completed its second round of nationally recognized water planning. The Water Plan for the state addresses how each of 16 regions will supply projected water demands for the next 50 years. Water availability in these plans is based on supply conditions experienced during the drought of record, that is, the severe drought conditions in the 1950's. In arid Far West Texas, Region E in the State Plan, agriculture is projected to have the largest unmet demand for water during drought. This situation is similar to many other irrigated agricultural production regions in the U.S. and world that rely upon limited and variable water supplies. In the Far West Texas (Region E) 50-year Water Plan, the primary strategy proposed to mitigate the impact of insufficient water supplies for agriculture is implementation of water conservation best management practices. However, the conservation practices identified were generic and gave a wide range of potential water savings compiled from many other sources and for other locations and conditions. The feasibility and amount of water saved by any given conservation practice varies substantially across regions, specific location, type and quality of water supplies, delivery systems and operational considerations, crops produced, irrigation technologies in use, and location specific costs and returns of implementation. The applicability to and actual water savings of the proposed practices in Far West Texas were generally unknown. This report evaluates the applicability, water savings potential, implementation feasibility and cost effectiveness of seventeen irrigated agriculture water conservation practices in Far West Texas during both drought and full water supply conditions. Agricultural, hydrologic, engineering, economic, and institutional conditions are identified and examined for the three largest irrigated agricultural areas which account for over 90% of total irrigated agricultural acreage in Far West Texas. Factors considered in evaluating conservation strategies included water sources, use, water quality, cropping patterns, current irrigation practices, delivery systems, technological alternatives, market conditions and operational constraints. The overall conclusion is that very limited opportunities exist for significant additional water conservation in Far West Texas irrigated agriculture. The primary reasons can be summarized by: the most effective conservation practices have already been implemented and associated water savings realized throughout the region; reduced water quality and the physical nature of gravity flow delivery limit or prohibit implementation of higher efficiency pressurized irrigation systems; increased water use efficiency upstream has the net effect of reducing water supplies and production of downstream irrigators; and, water conservation implementation costs for a number of practices exceed the agricultural value and benefits of any water saved. Those practices that suggest economic efficient additional water conservation included lining or pipelining district canals and the very small potential for additional irrigation scheduling and tail water recovery systems. In nearly all cases, these practices have been adopted to a large extent if applicable, further emphasizing the very limited opportunities for additional conservation. If all of these strategies were implemented, the water conserved would satisfy less than 25% of the projected unmet agricultural water demand in 2060 during drought-of-record conditions Overall, there are no silver bullets for agricultural water conservation in Far West Texas short of taking irrigated land out of production when water supplies are limited.

Michelsen, Ari; Chavez, Marissa; Lacewell, Ron; Gilley, James; Sheng, Zhuping

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common type of lighting used in homes. Incandescent lamps operate...

185

Solid-State Lighting: Registration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting: Registration on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Registration on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Registration on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

186

Solid-State Lighting: Postings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

187

Lighting Research Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Research Group overview what's new publications software facilities people contact us links...

188

Introducing an Irrigation Scheme to a Regional Climate Model: A Case Study over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a new irrigation scheme and biome to the dynamic vegetation model, Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS), coupled to Regional ClimateModel version 3 (RegCM3-IBIS). The new land cover allows for only the plant functional type, ...

Marc P. Marcella; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

189

Irrigation and Drainage Systems 13: 361383, 1999. 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA; 2GDRS, can the demand for water be reduced through input and output price policy? These questions payments and some border controls. Therefore: (2) Is it possible to reduce the demand for irrigation water

Kammen, Daniel M.

190

Sustainability of irrigated farming systems in a Tunisian region: A recursive stochastic programming analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the sustainability of farm irrigation systems in the Cebalat district in northern Tunisia. It addressed the challenging topic of sustainable agriculture through a bio-economic approach linking a biophysical model ... Keywords: Bio-economic modeling, Farmers' decisions, Farming system, Recursive stochastic programming, Sustainable agriculture

H. Belhouchette; M. Blanco; J. Wery; G. Flichman

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Energy and lighting decisions  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the fundamental principles of lighting and uses them to evaluate energy-conserving lighting equipment and techniques. The selection of the proper lighting components and systems is complex, requiring a knowledge of the characteristics of light sources and their interactions with the auxiliary equipment and the environment. Furthermore, there are subjective aspects of lighting that are difficult to quantify. We address the simplistic way in which lighting is commonly approached, then present an argument as to the critical nature of the lighting decision. In the final sections we discuss and evaluate lighting equipment in terms of its applications and characteristics. Familiarity with the fundamental characteristics of the elements of lighting equipment will also permit more judicious appraisal and use of lighting concepts that may be introduced in the future. 6 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strand Basic Palette 400 channel 800 attrib. 1 Strand Lighting 200 Series 24/48 1 1 MicroVision 2 HORIZON

Indiana University

193

Lighting Retrofit Study  

SciTech Connect

The Lighting Retrofit Study was an effort to determine the most cost-effective methods of retrofitting several configurations of lighting systems at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). We developed a test protocol to compare a variety of lighting technologies for their applicability in labs and offices and designed and constructed a novel lighting contrast potential meter to allow for comparison of lighting quality as well as quantity.

Kromer, S.; Morse, O.; Siminovitch, M.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Impact of Energy Shortage and Cost on Irrigation for the High Plains and Trans Pecos Regions of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The High Plains and Trans Pecos regions of Texas are semi-arid crop production regions located in the western part of the state. Relatively low levels of rainfall are supplemented by irrigation from groundwater supplies. These regions produced 51 percent of the cotton, 42 percent of the grain sorghum, and 48 percent of the wheat produced in Texas in 1974 (Texas Crop and Livestock Reporting Service). Considering only irrigated production these percentages were 75, 85, and 91 percent of Texas irrigated crop production for cotton, grain sorghum and wheat respectively. The importance of the High Plains and Trans Pecos regions to Texas crop production are not limited to these three crops, however, these statistics do serve to illustrate the significance of these regions in the Texas agricultural economy. While it is easily seen that the majority of irrigated production (for the crops mentioned) in Texas occurs in these regions, it should be noted that the importance of irrigation in the High Plains and Trans Pecos regional economies is much greater than these statistics show. On the High Plains 86 percent of the cotton, 90 percent of the grain sorghum, and 75 percent of the wheat produced in 1974 was harvested from irrigated acreage. Rainfall is somewhat less in the Trans Pecos region and 100 percent of the production of these crops was under irrigation (Texas Crop and Livestock Reporting Service). More than 60 percent of the value of agricultural crops in Texas is produced on irrigated land (Knutson, et.al.). Thus, the crop production of these regions is vitally important to the Texas and respective regional economies. Crop yields are heavily dependent on groundwater irrigation and extremely sensitive to any factor which may affect the availability or cost of irrigation water. Availability and price of fuel used in pumping groundwater are the critical factors which directly affect the availability and cost of irrigation water. About 39 percent of the energy used in Texas agriculture in 1973 was utilized in pumping water, compared to 18 percent used in machinery operations. Of this irrigation fuel, 76 percent was natural gas, the majority of which was consumed in the High Plains (Coble and LePori). Current supplies and reserves of natural gas have reached critically low levels in recent years and producers in the High Plains and Trans Pecos regions are faced with possible curtailments of, and certain price increases for their irrigation fuel (Patton and Lacewell). The threat of possible curtailment of fuel supplies during the irrigation season imposes greatly increased risk to irrigated crop production since curtailment of natural gas supplies during a critical water use period would significantly reduce yields (Lacewell). This threat would also increase financial risk and restrict availability of credit. Continued price increases for natural gas will increase costs of pumping irrigation water and hence the costs of irrigated crop production (Patton and Lacewell). The Ogalalla aquifer underlying the High Plains and many of the alluvium aquifers underlying the Trans Pecos are exhaustible; i.e., there is a negligible recharge from percolation and other sources. Therefore, even with unchanged natural gas prices, these groundwater supplies are being "economically" exhausted over time as pumping depth increases. Increases in fuel prices will lead to reduced groundwater pumpage and result in less groundwater being economically recoverable. Although life of the physical supply will be exhausted, a greater quantity of groundwater will be economically unrecoverable for irrigation without significant product price increases.

Lacewell, R. D.; Condra, G. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Zavaleta, L.; Petty, J. A.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Data:5a462c08-c446-4875-9ad4-7a545a0ab6fa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-c446-4875-9ad4-7a545a0ab6fa 8-c446-4875-9ad4-7a545a0ab6fa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-100 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 50kWh

196

Data:43e71a57-8939-40ff-8ec3-2fb236c8742c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8939-40ff-8ec3-2fb236c8742c 8939-40ff-8ec3-2fb236c8742c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-1,000 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 372kWh

197

Data:11847ccb-30c4-4a64-92f4-ff36bd56f6e1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccb-30c4-4a64-92f4-ff36bd56f6e1 ccb-30c4-4a64-92f4-ff36bd56f6e1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-310 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 121kWh

198

Data:77bd94c2-c202-43db-ba85-75950cd16ede | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4c2-c202-43db-ba85-75950cd16ede 4c2-c202-43db-ba85-75950cd16ede No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-70 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 35kWh

199

Data:7322f683-f4c0-41c0-ba3d-9c02955b2e68 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-f4c0-41c0-ba3d-9c02955b2e68 3-f4c0-41c0-ba3d-9c02955b2e68 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-400 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 155kWh

200

Data:1ed501ce-56c1-4b71-8e34-eed46b0e120d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ce-56c1-4b71-8e34-eed46b0e120d ce-56c1-4b71-8e34-eed46b0e120d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-700 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 266kWh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Data:4062a6cc-f3c1-49f1-a4a2-df0485f343f7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a6cc-f3c1-49f1-a4a2-df0485f343f7 a6cc-f3c1-49f1-a4a2-df0485f343f7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LD Street Lighting - District Owned-175 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places where Schedule LC does not apply and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 70kWh

202

Data:3985eee3-35b9-49f3-bc50-4d22fb39e4d2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eee3-35b9-49f3-bc50-4d22fb39e4d2 eee3-35b9-49f3-bc50-4d22fb39e4d2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-175 watt mercury vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 70kWh

203

Data:Aea69ad7-2772-4161-85f0-4ed5ff75ef11 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aea69ad7-2772-4161-85f0-4ed5ff75ef11 Aea69ad7-2772-4161-85f0-4ed5ff75ef11 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LD Street Lighting - District Owned-200 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places where Schedule LC does not apply and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 83kWh

204

Data:0a4a1157-8f08-4dd6-9b73-4f298b96c5ef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

57-8f08-4dd6-9b73-4f298b96c5ef 57-8f08-4dd6-9b73-4f298b96c5ef No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LC Street Lighting - Customer Owned-250 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District supplies electrical energy only, and the customer furnishes, installs, owns, operates and completely maintains lighting units including switching and all other associated equipment. Monthly Usage: 107kWh

205

Data:E48e4f3a-523b-4ba6-82ce-b4f3c37ee218 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f3a-523b-4ba6-82ce-b4f3c37ee218 f3a-523b-4ba6-82ce-b4f3c37ee218 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LD Street Lighting - District Owned-100 watt sodium vapor lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability This schedule is applicable to lighting service for the illumination of public streets, alleys, highways and other publicly-dedicated outdoor places where Schedule LC does not apply and is available to cities, counties, lighting districts or other public bodies where the District furnishes, installs, owns, operates and maintains the complete lighting installation. Monthly Usage: 50kWh

206

EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

represents high usage of an engine and the violet end represents low usage. A light blue coloring represents from red to light blue), and slowly increase their usage of engine A. The seventh row show a patternModeling Long-Term Search Engine Usage Ryen W. White, Ashish Kapoor, and Susan T. Dumais Microsoft

Bifano, Thomas

207

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 2007 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 1 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Brian Liebel, PE, LC Brian Liebel, PE, LC November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 29 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 2 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting This is not a technology; just a This is not a technology; just a different way to quantify light based on different way to quantify light based on well established scientific findings well established scientific findings Can be used in conjunction with ANY Can be used in conjunction with ANY type of lighting design to gain

208

LED Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Lighting LED Lighting August 16, 2013 - 10:07am Addthis Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are light sources that differ from more traditional sources of light in that they are...

209

The Effect of Changing Input and Product Prices on the Demand for Irrigation Water in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agriculture is a major income-producing sector in the Texas economy and a large part of this economic activity originates in irrigated crop production. For example, in 1973, 50% of all grain sorghum and 46% of all cotton in Texas were produced on irrigated acreage [Texas Crop and Livestock Reporting Service]. These two crops alone produced 26% of the cash receipts from the sale of Texas farm commodities in 1973 [Texas Crop and Livestock Reporting Service]. There are several other crops in Texas including vegetables which generate significant levels of income and rely heavily on irrigation. Further there are several associated industries which rely on production from irrigated agriculture, such as the cattle feeding industry in the Texas Panhandle. It is evident from this rather cursory examination of statistics that irrigation plays a large role in Texas agriculture. Both producers and policy-makers have found themselves faced in the past two years with many uncertainties. The U.S., plagued in the past with surplus production and supply control problems, now finds itself in a world shortage of food products. The long range signals seem to call for increased production, yet the policy-maker faces decisions concerning not only how to increase production, but more basically, how to maintain current levels of production. Groundwater resources in many areas are being diminished and annual irrigation water supplies fully committed in other areas. Long run planning for Texas agriculture requires that interbasin transfers of water be evaluated. Texas holds a position of prominence in the production of U.S. food and fiber products, and the evaluation of these alternatives has implications not only for Texas, but for the U.S. and possibly the world. To objectively evaluate water transfer proposals, it is necessary that the value of irrigation water in different regions of Texas be established. The producer faces the same call for maintaining or increasing production as the policy-maker, but he does so with many uncertainties which often have not disturbed the policy-maker in evaluating alternatives. Product prices have risen and fallen at an unprecedented rate while input prices have steadily risen at rates which preclude realistic budgeting. For example, during the recent energy crisis, the prices of fuel and fertilizer have more than doubled. These variable input and product prices weigh heavily upon production decisions by the producer, and likewise must receive serious consideration in evaluation of resource allocation alternatives by policy-makers. The demand for irrigation water is derived from the production of crops and any change in production patterns, input prices or availability, and product prices directly affects this demand. Current and future water resources planning requires an estimate of the various quantities of water which will be used for irrigation under differing assumptions concerning price of water, other input prices, and product prices. Of particular importance are shifts in cropping patterns, changes in level of agricultural production and net effect on producers income. Since many policy decisions are made in relatively short periods of time, there is an urgent need for a capability to evaluate alternative policies and change input or product prices in a timely fashion.

Lacewell, R. D.; Condra, G. D.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Natural lighting and skylights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many physiological and psychological factors which enter into the proper design of space for human occupancy. One of these elements is light. Both natural light and manufactured light are basic tools with which any designer must work. However, they are only two of the many, many elements which must be considered; and they, therefore, must be considered, always, in relation to the other elements. The achievement of good lighting depends on a reasonable understanding of three primary factors: one, the visual response to lighting; two, the availability and types of lighting; and three, methods for controlling light. This thesis is intended to supply enough information to provide a working knowledge of each of these facets. The human visual response is discussed in "Goals For Good Lighting." The availability and types of lighting are dealt with in the section on available light. The remainder of the thesis concerns methods for controlling light. The use of scale models for studying the natural lighting characteristics of buildings due to the building geometry, the fenestration details and the interior reflectance has been well established as pointed out in the earlier part of this thesis. With the completion of the work outlined herein, the feasibility of using scale models for studying skylights is also an established fact. The method of analysis by models can be a valuable tool to any designer who is concerned about day-lighting.

Evans, Benjamin Hampton

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Lighting Group: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Overview of the Lighting Research Group The Lighting Research Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory performs research aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes, throughout the State of California and across the Nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research in the Lighting Group falls into three main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems and Controls and Communications. Click on a link below for more information about each of these research areas. Sources and Ballasts investigates next generation light sources, such as

212

Madrid Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Lighting Quality Page 1 of 2 ELECTRIC LIGHTING QUALITY MAGIC BOX is a versatile home. Its design allows to change the room size by opening and closing the movable walls...

213

Automatic lighting controls demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to demonstrate, in a real building situation, the energy and peak demand reduction capabilities of an electronically ballasted lighting control system that can utilize all types of control strategies to efficiently manage lighting. The project has demonstrated that a state-of-the-art electronically ballasted dimmable lighting system can reduce energy and lighting demand by as least 50% using various combinations of control strategies. By reducing light levels over circulation areas (tuning) and reducing after hours light levels to accommodate the less stringent lighting demands of the cleaning crew (scheduling), lighting energy consumption on weekdays was reduced an average of 54% relative to the initial condition. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

Rubinstein, F.; Verderber, R.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Lighting energy audit workbook  

SciTech Connect

A simple test to determine the need for a lighting energy audit is followed by how-to information on conducting the audit, identifying savings opportunities, and developing an energy management plan for lighting.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Inverse Lighting for Photography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a technique for improving photographs using inverse lighting, a new process based on algorithms developed in computer graphics for computing the reflection of light in 3D space. From a photograph and a 3D surface model for the object pictured, inverse lighting estimates the directional distribution of the incident light. We then use this information to process the photograph digitally to alter the lighting on the object. Inverse lighting is a specific example of the general idea of inverse rendering. This refers to the practice of using the methods of computer graphics, which normally are used to render images from scene information, to infer scene information from images. Our system uses physically based rendering technology to construct a linear least squares system that we solve to find the lighting. As an application, the results are then used to simulate a change in the incident light in the photograph. An implementation is described that uses 3D models from a laser...

Stephen R. Marschner; Donald P. Greenberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Fast Light, Fast Neutrinos?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light has been observed with group velocities both faster and slower than the speed of light. The recent report from OPERA of superluminal 17 GeV neutrinos may describe a similar phenomenon.

Cahill, Kevin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Light Wavelength and Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Wavelength and Plants Name: John Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: I just was wandering whether plants grow better in artificial light or in sunlight. I am...

218

Germinating and Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Germinating and Light Name: Chris Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Can you tell me how plants determine where the light is once they are out of the soil and not a...

219

PFP Emergency Lighting Study  

SciTech Connect

NFPA 101, section 5-9 mandates that, where required by building classification, all designated emergency egress routes be provided with adequate emergency lighting in the event of a normal lighting outage. Emergency lighting is to be arranged so that egress routes are illuminated to an average of 1.0 footcandle with a minimum at any point of 0.1 footcandle, as measured at floor level. These levels are permitted to drop to 60% of their original value over the required 90 minute emergency lighting duration after a power outage. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) has two designations for battery powered egress lights ''Emergency Lights'' are those battery powered lights required by NFPA 101 to provide lighting along officially designated egress routes in those buildings meeting the correct occupancy requirements. Emergency Lights are maintained on a monthly basis by procedure ZSR-12N-001. ''Backup Lights'' are battery powered lights not required by NFPA, but installed in areas where additional light may be needed. The Backup Light locations were identified by PFP Safety and Engineering based on several factors. (1) General occupancy and type of work in the area. Areas occupied briefly during a shiftly surveillance do not require backup lighting while a room occupied fairly frequently or for significant lengths of time will need one or two Backup lights to provide general illumination of the egress points. (2) Complexity of the egress routes. Office spaces with a standard hallway/room configuration will not require Backup Lights while a large room with several subdivisions or irregularly placed rooms, doors, and equipment will require Backup Lights to make egress safer. (3) Reasonable balance between the safety benefits of additional lighting and the man-hours/exposure required for periodic light maintenance. In some plant areas such as building 236-Z, the additional maintenance time and risk of contamination do not warrant having Backup Lights installed in all rooms. Sufficient light for egress is provided by existing lights located in the hallways.

BUSCH, M.S.

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

TMS Light Metals Publication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following instructions should be used when submitting a manuscript for any TMS Light Metals proceedings volume. INTRODUCTION. Orientation to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid-State Lighting Search Solid-State Lighting Search Search Help Solid-State Lighting HOME ABOUT THE PROGRAM R&D PROJECTS MARKET-BASED PROGRAMS SSL BASICS INFORMATION RESOURCES FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES EERE » Building Technologies Office » Solid-State Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards.

222

Lighting management casebook  

SciTech Connect

Fifteen examples illustrate how lighting system projects can save energy as well as improve productivity and safety. The case histories include the use of programmable lighting, fiber optics, skylights, voltage reduction, ultrasonic and infrared sensors, and other strategies for improving lighting efficiency. Each case history includes the management approach, site information, and applications. (DCK)

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Advanced Lighting Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information about energy-effective lighting technologies is required to be updated as old technologies become obsolete and new technologies begin to make important market impacts. Providing a comprehensive, state-of-the-art update of lighting technology application and information is necessary to ensure that lighting decision-makers have the best possible information available at all times.

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

Energy conserving practices in providing lighting for today's buildings are examined in this second of a two-part presentation. Discussion on light source characteristics, ballast characteristics for gaseous discharge lamps, quality and the cost of lighting, and equivalent sphere illumination are included.

Helms, R.N.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Model Diagnosis of Nighttime Minimum Temperature Warming during Summer due to Irrigation in the California Central Valley  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the mechanisms of nighttime minimum temperature warming in the California Central Valley during summer due to irrigation. The Scripps Experimental Climate Prediction Center (ECPC) Regional Spectral Model (RSM) was used to ...

Hideki Kanamaru; Masao Kanamitsu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Modeling the Atmospheric Response to Irrigation in the Great Plains. Part I: General Impacts on Precipitation and the Energy Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since World War II, the expansion of irrigation throughout the Great Plains has resulted in a significant decline in the water table of the Ogallala Aquifer, threatening its long-term sustainability. The addition of near-surface water for ...

Keith J. Harding; Peter K. Snyder

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

El agua no se vende, el agua se defiende : water rights transfers and community irrigation in New Mexico's acequias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small farmers across New Mexico irrigate with acequias, a system of cooperative, gravity-fed ditches introduced in Spanish colonial times that remains well adapted to managing scarce water in a dry climate. While the acequia ...

Daly, Brian T. (Brian Thomas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Water transfers in Northern California : analyzing the termination of the San Francisco--Modesto Irrigation District water transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From 2011 to 2012, the Modesto Irrigation District (MID) and the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) attempted to broker a deal that would transfer water from the rural Central California district to the ...

Tanner, Keith (Keith Richard)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Area-Averaged Surface Fluxes in a Semiarid Region with Partly Irrigated Land: Lessons Learned from EFEDA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The European Field Experiment in a Desertification-Threatened Area (EFEDA) provides a comprehensive land surface dataset for a semiarid Mediterranean environment with natural vegetation and cultivated dry and irrigated land. This paper discusses ...

M. Anna Osann Jochum; Hendrik A. R. de Bruin; Albert A. M. Holtslag; Alfonso Calera Belmonte

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Using a water balance model to analyze the implications of potential irrigation development in the Upper Blue Nile Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

More than 200 rivers in the world cross at least one political border. Any development project including hydropower or irrigation that is implemented in a trans-boundary river is in essence a claim on the resource. Managing ...

Jain Figueroa, Anjuli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

MODIS-Derived Boundary Conditions for a Mesoscale Climate Model: Application to Irrigated Agriculture in the Euphrates Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In arid and semiarid parts of the world, evaporation from irrigated fields may significantly influence humidity, near-surface winds, and precipitation. Using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra imagery from summer and ...

Benjamin F. Zaitchik; Jason Evans; Ronald B. Smith

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

On the Potential Impact of Irrigated Areas in North America on Summer Rainfall Caused by Large-Scale Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential impact of the increase in irrigated areas in North America during the past 100 years on summer rainfall associated with medium- to large-scale precipitation systems is evaluated conceptually and by several illustrative numerical ...

M. Segal; Z. Pan; R. W. Turner; E. S. Takle

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Resonant energy transfer in light harvesting and light emitting applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The performance of light emitting and light harvesting devices is improved by utilising resonant energy transfer. In lighting applications, the emission energy of a semiconductor (more)

Chanyawadee, Soontorn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

LIGHT FORCE: An Exploration of Light through Design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??What falls into the realm of light and what it means to design and the human experience? Can light be material? How does light change (more)

Chen, Tzu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Evaluating LED Street Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Webcast: Evaluating LED Street Lighting Solutions to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Evaluating LED Street Lighting Solutions on Facebook Tweet about...

236

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Task Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

light The goal of this project is to accelerate the use of energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp...

237

AB Method of Irrigation without Water (Closed-loop water cycle)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author suggests and researches a new revolutionary idea for a closed-loop irrigation method. He offers to cover a given site by a thin closed film with controlled heat conductivity and clarity located at an altitude of 50 300 m. The film is supported at altitude by small additional atmospheric overpressure and connected to the ground by thin cables. Authors show that this closed dome allows full control of the weather in a given region (the day is always fine, the rain is only at night, no strong winds). The dome (having control of the clarity of film and heat conductivity) converts the cold regions to subtropics, hot deserts and desolate wildernesses to prosperous regions with a temperate climate. This is a realistic and cheap method of evaporation economical irrigation and virtual weather control on Earth at the current time.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

238

Hyperspectral remote sensing analysis of short rotation woody crops grown with controlled nutrient and irrigation treatments.  

SciTech Connect

Abstract - Hyperspectral remote sensing research was conducted to document the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of controlled forest plots subjected to various nutrient and irrigation treatments. The experimental plots were located on the Savannah River Site near Aiken, SC. AISA hyperspectral imagery were analysed using three approaches, including: (1) normalized difference vegetation index based simple linear regression (NSLR), (2) partial least squares regression (PLSR) and (3) machine-learning regression trees (MLRT) to predict the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of the crops (leaf area index, stem biomass and five leaf nutrients concentrations). The calibration and cross-validation results were compared between the three techniques. The PLSR approach generally resulted in good predictive performance. The MLRT approach appeared to be a useful method to predict characteristics in a complex environment (i.e. many tree species and numerous fertilization and/or irrigation treatments) due to its powerful adaptability.

Im, Jungho; Jensen, John R.; Coleman, Mark; Nelson, Eric

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Videos to Solid-State Lighting Videos to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Videos On this page you can access DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Program videos. Photo of a museum art gallery with LED lights in track fixtures overhead. The City of Los Angeles LED Streetlight Program

240

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards. Register Now for DOE's 11th Annual SSL R&D Workshop January 28-30, join other SSL R&D professionals from industry, government, and academia to learn, share, and shape the future of lighting.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Partnerships Solid-State Lighting Contacts For information about Solid-State Lighting, contact James Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Building Technologies Office U.S. Department of Energy

242

Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptive Street Lighting Adaptive Street Lighting Controls to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Adaptive Street Lighting Controls This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components.

243

Pricing and Conservation of Irrigation Water in Texas and New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two possible policy alternatives for management of limited water supplies in arid portions of Texas and New Mexico were analyzed for economic feasibility. Detailed studies of the potential impact of a water accumulation policy for each of two irrigation districts (El Paso County Water Improvement District No. 1 in Texas, and the Elephant Butte Irrigation District in New Mexico) were undertaken using temporal linear programming techniques. Current cropping practices, soils, groundwater conditions, historical surface water allocations for Elephant Butte Reservoir and evaporation rates were incorporated within the analysis. Estimates of the benefits of accumulation of surplus portions of irrigation district member's annual surface water allocations, with subsequent use of the unevaporated portion in later years, were deemed insufficient to cover anticipated administrative costs of implementing the proposed policy. This suggests current allocations approximate a temporal optimum. Sensitivity analyses showed greater potential benefits, however, if current groundwater conditions worsen. Additional analysis of possible price-induced water conservation for the areas within the two states currently mining groundwater from the exhaustible Ogallala aquifer was also undertaken. The High Plains of Texas served as the representative region of study, with results assumed to be analogous for the portions of Eastern New Mexico relying on the Ogallala. Both static and temporal effects of a per unit tax on water pumpage and net returns were examined using a recursive linear programming model. Results indicated that imposition of a $20 per acre-foot tax on water pumped induced very little change in water use over a 40 year period, while reducing the present value of producer net returns from 9% to 27% depending upon initial groundwater conditions and the irrigation technology in use. These results imply that a price induced water conservation policy for the Ogallala is not economically justified.

Ellis, John R.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Cornforth, G. C.; Teague, P. W.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Model for Estimating Demand for Irrigation Water on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With rapidly changing conditions in production agriculture, the need for highly flexible and quickly applicable methods of analysis is emphasized. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model for a homogeneous production region in the Texas High Plains. A linear programming model was constructed whereby crop or input prices are readily adjustable. In addition, limitations on quantities of inputs available can easily be evaluated. The model contains cotton, grain sorghum, corn, wheat and soybeans. Inputs that can be evaluated include irrigation water, natural gas, diesel, nitrogen fertilizer and herbicides. The primary focus of this work was to estimate the demand for irrigation water in the study area. The model was applied using alternative crop prices and input prices. Assuming average crop prices, current input prices and only variable costs of production, as the price of water was increased wheat shifted from irrigated to dryland production, then grain sorghum, cotton, corn and soybeans, in that order. The price of water was $71.75 per acre foot plus current pumping cost when all land shifted to dryland production. The same analysis, except variable and fixed costs both included, gave similar results relative to the sequence of crops that shift to dryland production as the price of water was increased. However, the shifts occurred at much lower water prices; i.e., at $24.47 per acre foot plus current pumping costs, all land had shifted to dryland production. This suggests that over the long run, irrigation in the Texas High Plains is quite sensitive to the price of energy used in pumping water. Further, there are strong implications relative to farmer's "ability to pay" for water imported to the High Plains from other regions. In this report, several scenarios including low, high and average crop prices and average and high input prices were evaluated.

Condra, G. D.; Lacewell, R. D.; Sprott, J. M.; Adams, B. M.

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Emerging Lighting Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Lighting Technology Emerging Lighting Technology Bruce Kinzey Pacific Northwest National Laboratory FUPWG - Portland, OR April 20, 2011 www.ssl.energy.gov 2 | Solid-State Lighting Program GATEWAY Demonstration Program * Purpose: demonstrate new SSL products in real-world applications that save energy, match or improve illumination, and are cost- effective * Demos generate critical field experience providing: - Feedback to manufacturers - Data for utility incentives - Market readiness of specific applications to users - Advancement in lighting knowledge Central Park, NY Photo: Ryan Pyle Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Photo: Scott Rosenfeld www.ssl.energy.gov 3 | Solid-State Lighting Program LED Product Explosion www.ssl.energy.gov 4 | Solid-State Lighting Program LEDs are Not a Universal Lighting

246

Industrial lighting handbook  

SciTech Connect

Technological advances in industrial lighting system components now make it possible to reduce lighting system consumption by up to 50% or more without loss of the benefits inherent in good quality electric illumination. Management involvement in decisions about industrial lighting is essential, however, and this document provides generalized information in lay terms to help decision-makers become familiar with the concerns that affect industrial environment and the financial well-being of their companies. The five sections (1) discuss the benefits of good lighting, (2) review certain major lighting issues and terms, (3) identify procedures for developing a lighting energy management plan, (4) identify lighting energy management options (LEMOs), and (5) discuss sources of assistance. 19 figures, 8 tables.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Photonic crystal light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light source is provided by a photonic crystal having an enhanced photonic density-of-states over a band of frequencies and wherein at least one of the dielectric materials of the photonic crystal has a complex dielectric constant, thereby producing enhanced light emission at the band of frequencies when the photonic crystal is heated. The dielectric material can be a metal, such as tungsten. The spectral properties of the light source can be easily tuned by modification of the photonic crystal structure and materials. The photonic crystal light source can be heated electrically or other heating means. The light source can further include additional photonic crystals that exhibit enhanced light emission at a different band of frequencies to provide for color mixing. The photonic crystal light source may have applications in optical telecommunications, information displays, energy conversion, sensors, and other optical applications.

Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Bur, James A. (Corrales, NM)

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

248

Advances in Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing electricity costs have made a significant impact on lighting. The Illuminating Engineering society (I.E.S.) and the lighting industry are producing new standards, procedures and products to make lighting more appropriate and energy efficient. This paper will describe the factors which affect the performance of lighting systems, introduce the new I.E.S. procedures for selecting illuminance values and lighting power limits, and illustrate some of the recent developments in the lighting industry. The importance of efficient lighting may be measured by the potential reduction in the electrical demand, and energy consumed. Since it also represents a visible use (or misuse) of energy, it may also reflect on other aspects of a company's energy management program.

Tumber, A. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Evolution in lighting  

SciTech Connect

Lights consume 20-25% of the nation's electricity, establishing strong incentives to develop more efficient lighting strategies. Attention is turning to where, when, and how we light our environment, and the potential savings add up to half the lighting load nationwide. Some types of lamp are more efficient than others, but characteristics other than energy consumption may dictate where they can be used. Current lighting strategies consider task requirements, light quality, and the potential for daylighting. Energy management systems that control the timing and intensity of light and new types of energy-efficient bulbs and fixtures are increasingly attractive to consumers. The effort will require continued research and the awareness of decision makers. 4 references, 8 figures.

Lihach, N.; Pertusiello, S.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Denitrification rates in a wastewater-irrigated forest soil in New Zealand  

SciTech Connect

Denitrification is considered to be an important N removal process in land-based wastewater treatment systems, although in situ denitrification rates have rarely been reported. The authors investigated the contribution of denitrification to N removal in a land treatment system by measuring in situ denitrification rates for 12 mo in a Monterey pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) forest irrigated with tertiary-treated wastewater. The variability of denitrification rates was investigated using a nested field design that divided the land treatment system into four spatial components (irrigation block, topographic position, field site, and sample plot) and two temporal components (sample period, sample day). Denitrification was measured using undisturbed soil cores collected daily, for six consecutive days on 21 occasions throughout the year. Soil moisture content, NO{sub 3} concentration, available C, denitrifying enzyme activity, and temperature also were measured. The annual denitrification rate in the irrigated soil was 2.4 kg N ha{sup {minus}1} yr{sup {minus}1}, and only slightly higher than the unirrigated soil. Temporal effects contributed more than spatial effects to the overall variation in denitrification rates. Multiple regression analysis showed that soil factors could only explain 29% of the variation in denitrification rates. Soil water-filled porosity was low in the land treatment system, and less than the critical threshold value determined in a laboratory study. The authors concluded that denitrification in this land treatment system studied was limited by excessive aeration in the free-draining soils.

Barton, L.; McLay, C.D.A.; Schipper, L.A.; Smith, C.T.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

EVALUATION OF RADIONUCLIDE ACCUMULATION IN SOIL DUE TO LONG-TERM IRRIGATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radionuclide accumulation in soil due to long-term irrigation is an important part of the model for predicting radiation dose in a long period of time. The model usually assumes an equilibrium condition in soil with a constant irrigation rate, so that radionuclide concentration in soil does not change with time and can be analytically solved. This method is currently being used for the dose assessment in the Yucca Mountain project, which requires evaluating radiation dose for a period of 10,000 years. There are several issues associated with the method: (1) time required for the equilibrium condition, (2) validity of constant irrigation rate, (3) agricultural land use for a long period of time, and (4) variation of a radionuclide concentration in water. These issues are evaluated using a numerical method with a simple model built in the GoldSim software. Some key radionuclides, Tc-99, Np-237, Pu-239, and Am-241 are selected as representative radionuclides. The results indicate that the equilibrium model is acceptable except for a radionuclide that requires long time to accumulate in soil and that its concentration in water changes dramatically with time (i.e. a sharp peak). Then the calculated dose for that radionuclide could be overestimated using the current equilibrium method.

De Wesley Wu

2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lighting in Commercial Buildings, 1986  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Lighting in Commercial Buildings Lighting in Commercial Buildings --1986 Overview Full Report and Tables Detailed analysis of energy consumption for lighting for U.S. commercial...

253

Energy Basics: Lighting and Daylighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lighting Daylighting Passive Solar Design Space Heating & Cooling Water Heating Lighting and Daylighting Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by...

254

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incorporating LEDs into tomorrows task lights, to reducing light entrapment within the LED, to fundamental research into how Organic Lighting Emitting Diodes operate. LED and...

255

Energy Basics: Lighting and Daylighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting. Learn more about: Lighting Daylighting...

256

Inland Power and Light Company - Agricultural Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

equipment (nozzles, gaskets, regulators, sprays, drains, hubs, etc), irrigation motor replacements, and variable frequency drives for small milking machines. Specific...

257

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop Nearly 200 lighting industry leaders, chip makers, fixture and component

258

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and compact fluorescent lights. And I've already purchased a few of the new light emitting diode (LED) solid-state lighting lights-but that's the topic of a future blog. Stay...

259

LightBox -Exploring Interaction Modalities with Colored Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-bright multi- colored light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of our system can generate any visible lighting color

260

Lighting the Night: Technology, Urban Life and the Evolution of Street Lighting [Light in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 1912), 783. 8. "New Street Lights Increase Trade 3 5 Perlight, including street light, became part of America'sBeautiful-inspired street lights graced wealthy residen

Holden, Alfred

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Lighting the Night: Technology, Urban Life and the Evolution of Street Lighting [Light in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical 16. "Highway Lighting by So dium Vapor Lamps,"Possibilities of Street: Lighting Improve ments," TheLaunches Broad Street Lighting Promotion Campaign," The

Holden, Alfred

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Lighting Research Group: Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities Lighting Research Facilities at LBNL gonio-photometer Gonio-photometer We use this device to measure the intensity and direction of the light from a lamp or fixture. integrating sphere Integrating sphere This instrument allows us to get a fast and accurate measurement of the total light output of a lamp. We are not able to determine the direction of the light, only the intensity. power analyzer Power analyzer We use our power analyzer with the lamps in the gonio-photometer to measure input power, harmonic distortion, power factor, and many other signals that tell us how well a lamp is performing. spectro-radiometer Spectro-radiometer This device measures not only the intensity of a light source but also the intensity of the light at each wavelength.

263

Lighting Group: Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software Software Lighting Software The Lighting Group has developed several computer programs in the course of conducting research on energy efficient lighting. Several of these programs have proven useful outside the research environment. One of the most popular programs for advanced lighting applications is Radiance. For more information on this program and its availability, click on the link below. RADIANCE Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. The primary advantage of Radiance over simpler lighting calculation and rendering tools is that there are no limitations on the geometry or the materials that may be simulated. Radiance is used by architects and engineers to predict illumination, visual quality and appearance of innovative design spaces, and by researchers to evaluate new

264

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting.

265

Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Summaries ELEMENT 2: ADVANCE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT 2.1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED light emitting diodes (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp

266

Solid-State Lighting: Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

about Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Tools on...

267

Solid-State Lighting: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

about Solid-State Lighting: News on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: News on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: News on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: News on...

268

Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety,

269

Advanced Light Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the generation of artificial light using electric lamps, photometric and color performance have been paramount in lamp design, manufacturing, measurement, lighting design, and visual perception. Many designers and researchers have strived to understand how light and color are generated, related, and to improve them. This has stemmed from the development of incandescent lamps, halogen lamps, linear fluorescent lamps, high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps, and compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) among other...

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

Advanced Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report continues the technical assessment of advanced lighting technologies in the following product areasdimmable light-emitting diode (LED) screw-in replacement lamp, hybrid compact fluorescent lamp/halogen screw-in replacement lamp, replacement recessed can LED downlight, organic LED (OLED) disc, replacement mini high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp and ballast system, and solid-state plasma lighting (miniature HID technology) high-bay fixture. The research in this project helps to demonstrate how...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

271

Total Light Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Light Management Light Management Why is saving Energy Important World Electricity Consumption (2007) Top 20 Countries 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 U n i t e d S t a t e s C h i n a J a p a n R u s s i a I n d i a G e r m a n y C a n a d a A f r i c a F r a n c e B r a z i l K o r e a , S o u t h U n i t e d K i n g d o m I t a l y S p a i n A u s t r a l i a T a i w a n S o u t h A f r i c a M e x i c o S a u d i A r a b i a I r a n Billion kWh Source: US DOE Energy Information Administration Lighting Control Strategies 4 5 6 Occupancy/Vacancy Sensing * The greatest energy savings achieved with any lighting fixture is when the lights are shut off * Minimize wasted light by providing occupancy sensing or vacancy sensing 7 8 Daylight Harvesting * Most commercial space has enough natural light flowing into it, and the amount of artificial light being generated can be unnecessary * Cut back on the production of artificial lighting by

272

Light truck forecasts  

SciTech Connect

The recent dramatic increase in the number of light trucks (109% between 1963 and 1974) has prompted concern about the energy consequences of the growing popularity of the light truck. An estimate of the future number of light trucks is considered to be a reasonable first step in assessing the energy impact of these vehicles. The monograph contains forecasts based on two models and six scenarios. The coefficients for the models have been derived by ordinary least squares regression of national level time series data. The first model is a two stage model. The first stage estimates the number of light trucks and cars (together), and the second stage applies a share's submodel to determine the number of light trucks. The second model is a simultaneous equation model. The two models track one another remarkably well, within about 2%. The scenarios were chosen to be consistent with those used in the Lindsey-Kaufman study Projection of Light Truck Population to Year 2025. Except in the case of the most dismal economic scenario, the number of light trucks is expected to increase from the 1974 level of 0.09 light truck per person to about 0.12 light truck per person in 1995.

Liepins, G.E.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

SITE LIGHTING FOUNDATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to design structural foundations for the Site Lighting. This analysis is in support of design drawing BABBDF000-01717-2100-23016.

M. Gomez

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends High Technology and Industrial Buildings Lighting Systems Residential Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations Windows...

275

Photovoltaic lighting system performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of 21 PV-powered low pressure sodium lighting systems on a multi-use has been documented in this paper. Specific areas for evaluation include the vandal resistant PV modules, constant voltage and on/off PV charge controllers, flooded deep-cycle lead-antimony and valve regulated lead-acid (VLRA) gel batteries, and low pressure sodium ballasts and lights. The PV lighting system maintenance intervals and lessons learned have been documented over the past 2.5 years. The above performance data has shown that with careful hardware selection, installation, and maintenance intervals the PV lighting systems will operate reliably.

Harrington, S.R.; Hund, T.D.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Faster Than Light?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that special relativity remains a viable physical theory even when there is permitted signals traveling faster than light.

Robert Geroch

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

Energy Basics: Fluorescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Cooling Water Heating Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent lamps to provide the same amount of illumination (efficacy of...

278

NIST Stray light correction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A correction, which can be done in real time, can reduce errors due to stray light by more than one order of magnitude. ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

Impacts on irrigated agriculture of changes in electricity costs resulting from Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major factor in the growth of US agricultural productivity, especially in western states, which account for more than 85% of the nation`s irrigated acreage. In some of these states, almost all cropland is irrigated, and nearly 50% of the irrigation is done with electrically powered pumps. Therefore, even small increases in the cost of electricity could have a disproportionate impact on irrigated agriculture. This technical memorandum examines the impacts that could result from proposed changes in the power marketing programs of the Western Area Power Administration`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The changes could increase the cost of power to all Western customers, including rural municipalities and irrigation districts that rely on inexpensive federal power to pump water. The impacts are assessed by translating changes in Western`s wholesale power rate into changes in the cost of pumping water as an input for agricultural production. Farmers can adapt to higher electricity prices in many ways, such as (1) using different pumping fuels, (2) adding workers and increasing management to irrigate more efficiently, and (3) growing more drought-tolerant crops. This study projects several responses, including using less groundwater and planting fewer waterintensive crops. The study finds that when dependence on Western`s power is high, the cost of power can have a major effect on energy use, agricultural practices, and the distribution of planted acreage. The biggest percentage changes in farm income would occur (1) in Nevada and Utah (however, all projected changes are less than 2% of the baseline) and (2) under the marketing alternatives that represent the lowest capacity and energy offer considered in Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement. The aggregate impact on farm incomes and the value of total farm production would be much smaller than that suggested by the changes in water use and planted acreage.

Edwards, B.K.; Flaim, S.J.; Howitt, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Palmer, S.C. [Western Area Power Administration, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Validating the Estimated Cost of Saving Water Through Infrastructure Rehabilitation in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Case Study Using Actual Construction Costs for the Lateral A Lining Project, Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan)

Lacewell, R. D.; Rister, M.; Sturdivant, A. W.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Short-term dynamics of soil carbon, microbial biomass, and soil enzyme activities as compared to longer-term effects of tillage in irrigated row crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rates by tillage and crop rotation: a global data analysis.of tillage in irrigated row crops Daniel Geisseler & Williamthe cropping season in all crop sequences D. Geisseler (*) :

Geisseler, Daniel; Horwath, William R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Lakeview Light and Power - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Funded by Bonneville Power Administration Expiration Date 9/1/2013 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Lighting Installation: Up to 70% of cost Provider Lakeview Light and Power Lakeview Light and Power offers a commercial lighting rebate program. Rebates apply to the installation of energy efficient lighting retrofits in non-residential buildings. The rebate program is funded by BPA and ends in September of 2010 or earlier if the funding is exhausted. Lakeview Light

283

Explosively pumped laser light  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The gravity of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A solution of the old problem raised by Tolman, Ehrenfest, Podolsky and Wheeler, concerning the lack of attraction of two light pencils "moving parallel", is proposed, considering that the light can be source of nonlinear gravitational waves corresponding (in the would be quantum theory of gravity) to spin-1 massless particles.

G. Sparano; G. Vilasi; S. Vilasi

2010-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Developing architectural lighting representations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of a visualization system for architectural lighting designers. It starts by motivating the problem as both complex in its physics and social organization. Three iterations of prototypes for displaying time and space ... Keywords: architectural lighting design, energy efficiency, ethnographic fieldwork, information visualization, qualitative analysis

Daniel C. Glaser; Roger Tan; John Canny; Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Light intensity compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Hybrid lighting: Illuminating our future  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid lighting is a combination of natural and artificial illumination to be used indoors for all lighting needs. Ideally, hybrid lighting is effectively indistinguishable from standard artificial lighting except in quality and cost, where it will likely be an improvement. Hybrid lighting systems are produced by a combination of four technologies: collecting natural light, generating artificial light, transporting and distributing light to where it is needed, and controlling the amounts of both natural and artificial light continuously during usage. Lighting demands a large fraction of our energy needs. If we can control or decrease this demand, we are able to accommodate societal growth without energy demand growth.

Cates, M.R.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

Exploring Lighting Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple system for interactively specifying lighting parameters, including position, for high-quality image synthesis. Unlikeinverse approaches to the lighting-design problem, we do not require the user to indicate a priori the desired illuminative characteristics of an image. In our approach the computer proposes, culls, and organizes a set of candidate lights automatically, using an elementary measure of image similarityasthe basis for both culling and organization. The user then browses the set of candidate-light images, selects which lights to include, and combines them as desired. This work is a particular instance of a general strategy --- sampling a design space broadly and intelligently and organizing the results for rapid browsing by the user --- that may be applicable to many other design problems in computer graphics.

T. Kang; J. Seims; J. Marks; S. Shieber

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Effects of Irrigating with Treated Oil and Gas Product Water on Crop Biomass and Soil Permeability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Demonstrating effective treatment technologies and beneficial uses for oil and gas produced water is essential for producers who must meet environmental standards and deal with high costs associated with produced water management. Proven, effective produced-water treatment technologies coupled with comprehensive data regarding blending ratios for productive long-term irrigation will improve the state-of-knowledge surrounding produced-water management. Effective produced-water management scenarios such as cost-effective treatment and irrigation will discourage discharge practices that result in legal battles between stakeholder entities. The goal of this work is to determine the optimal blending ratio required for irrigating crops with CBNG and conventional oil and gas produced water treated by ion exchange (IX), reverse osmosis (RO), or electro-dialysis reversal (EDR) in order to maintain the long term physical integrity of soils and to achieve normal crop production. The soils treated with CBNG produced water were characterized with significantly lower SAR values compared to those impacted with conventional oil and gas produced water. The CBNG produced water treated with RO at the 100% treatment level was significantly different from the untreated produced water, while the 25%, 50% and 75% water treatment levels were not significantly different from the untreated water. Conventional oil and gas produced water treated with EDR and RO showed comparable SAR results for the water treatment technologies. There was no significant difference between the 100% treated produced water and the control (river water). The EDR water treatment resulted with differences at each level of treatment, which were similar to RO treated conventional oil and gas water. The 100% treated water had SAR values significantly lower than the 75% and 50% treatments, which were similar (not significantly different). The results of the greenhouse irrigation study found the differences in biomass production between each soil were significant for Western Wheatgrass and Alfafla. The Sheridan sandy loam soil resulted in the highest production for western wheatgrass and alfalfa while the X-ranch sandy loam had the lowest production rate for both plants. Plant production levels resulting from untreated CBNG produced water were significantly higher compared to untreated conventional oil and gas produced water. However, few differences were found between water treatments. The biomass produced from the greenhouse study was analyzed for elemental composition and for forage value. Elemental composition indentified several interesting findings. Some of the biomass was characterized with seemly high boron and sodium levels. High levels of boron found in some of the biomass was unexpected and may indicate that alfalfa and western wheatgrass plants may have been impacted by either soil or irrigation water containing high boron levels. Plants irrigated with water treated using EDR technology appeared to contain higher levels of boron with increased levels of treatment. Forage evaluations were conducted using near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. The data collected show small differences, generally less than 10%, between produced water treatments including the no treatment and 100% treatment conditions for each plant species studied. The forage value of alfalfa and western wheatgrass did not show significant tendencies dependent on soil, the amount of produced water treatment, or treatment technology.

Terry Brown; Jeffrey Morris; Patrick Richards; Joel Mason

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

290

Effects of seed origin and irrigation on survival and growth of transplanted shrubs  

SciTech Connect

Revegetation is difficult in the Mojave Desert due to limited, erratic precipitation and extreme temperatures. Establishing plant cover by transplanting native shrubs is known to be a promising technique, but many questions still remain regarding its use on a large operational scale. A study was initiated on the US Department of Energy Nevada Test Site (NTS) to determine the effects of seed origin and irrigation on survival and growth of transplanted shrubs. Plants of three species (Larrea tridentata, Ambrosia dumosa, and Atriplex canescens) were grown in a greenhouse and hardened outdoors. Plants of all three species were produced from two seed sources: (1) seed collected from the NTS (Mojave Desert), and (2) commercially available seed collected from outside the NTS. One-year-old containerized plants (180 of each species) were transplanted to a site on the NTS and irrigated with two liters of water at one of the following frequencies: (1) at time of planting only, (2) at time of planting and monthly during the first growing season, and (3) at time of planting and twice monthly during the first growing season. After 16 months, survival of all species was generally greater than 80% and was unaffected by irrigation treatments. Survival of fourwing saltbush was significantly greater from local versus non-local seed. Survival of bursage and creosotebush was generally unaffected by seed origin. Shrub volumes regardless of species or seed origin increased during the first growing season, and then decreased during the second growing season. Shrub volumes for fourwing saltbush were significantly greater for shrubs from local versus non-local seed.

Winkel, V.K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Light and Bread Mold  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light and Bread Mold Light and Bread Mold Name: CHASE Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: HOW CAN I EFICTIVELY TEST THE EFFECTS OF LIGHT ON BREAD MOLD? Replies: Hello Chase, In order to test the effects of light on bread mould you need to set up an experiment. There are two things you need to have in your experiment to make it a good experiment: 1. A 'control'. 2. Replicates 1. The 'control' Obviously in order to test the effects of light on bread mold you will need to actually shine some light on some bread mold and see what happens. This is your 'treatment'. However, it is vitally important that you know what would have happened without the treatment (in this case added light). Let's pretend that you do a test a you find that the bread mold under the light actually dies. How do you know if your bread mold died because light was added or because at that time of year all bread mold would die naturally or because by adding light you caused the temperature to rise and that killed the bread mold? The answer is that you do not know unless you have taken the trouble to find out with anouther test called the 'control'. The 'control' is a piece of bread mold, identical to the 'treatment' bread mold, which is placed in identical conditions to the 'treatment' piece of bread mold except that light is removed. Your 'control' piece of bread mold will need to be (to the best of your abillity) at the same temperature, in the same area, at similar humidity, etc. Part of the skill of designing a scientific experiment is being able think of all the possible things which might be affecting the bread mold and keeping them the same in both the 'treatment' and the 'control' (except, of course, for the presence of light) so that when you find a difference between the 'treatment' and the 'control' you are sure that it is the result of the light rather than something else.

292

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: 50% of invoiced cost up to $22,500 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Replacements: $570 - $3,770 Lighting: $300/kW reduction or half of project cost Provider Columbia Water and Light Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain measures are based upon the

293

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again July 27, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that frequently cause other bulbs to burn out quickly. Thus, many induction lighting units have an extremely long life of up to 100,000 hours. To put this in perspective, an induction lighting system lasting 100,000 hours will last more than 11 years in continuous 24/7 operation, and 25 years if operated 10 hours a day. The technology, however, is far from new. Nikola Tesla demonstrated induction lighting in the late 1890s around the same time that his rival,

294

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Customers: $10,000 per calendar year Municipal Customers: $15,000 per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8/T-5 Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $11 - $35/fixture Interior High Output Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $100/fixture De-lamping: $4 - $9/lamp Lighting Sensors: $20/sensor LED Exit Signs: $20/fixture Provider Incentive Programs

295

Ozone (o3) efficacy on reduction of phytophthora capsici in recirculated horticultural irrigation water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microorganisms that cause plant disease have been isolated in recirculated irrigation water and increase the risks of disease incidence in horticultural operations. Ozone is an effective oxidizer used to disinfect drinking water supplies and treat industrial wastewater. The objective of this research was to investigate using ozone gas as part of a strategy to reduce the incidence of Phytophthora deBary in recirculated irrigation water. An isolate of Phytophthora capsici Leonian was cultured to induce sporulation. Spore dilutions were placed in aliquots of reverse osmosis water and bubbled with ozone gas (O3) to concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mgL-1. Ozonated samples were plated and observed for colony forming units. Increasing ozone concentrations reduced the number of colony forming units to 0 at 1.5 mg L-1 03. Turbidity effects on efficacy on Phytophthora capsici were tested using bentonite clay at 0 to 2.0 nephelometric turbidity units and ozone concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mg L-1. Increasing bentonite did not affect the efficacy of increasing ozone concentrations on reducing colony formation to 0 at 1.5 mgL-1 O3. Bioassays using Phytophthora capsici on Capsicum annuum L. seedlings confirmed apparent pathogenicity. Reverse osmosis water, containing a soluble fertilizer at 0 to 300 mg L-1 N, was ozonated to concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mgL-1 O3 and used to irrigate Chrysanthemum x morifolium T. de Romatuelle. Increasing ozone concentrations did not interact with increasing fertilizer levels to affect the final growth parameters. Chrysanthemum exposed to ozone gas concentrations of 0.5 to 1.5 mgL-1 showed symptomatic ozone damage. Complete soluble fertilizer solutions with micronutrients were ozonated from 0 to 1.5 mgL-1 O3 and analysed for nutrient content. Increasing ozone levels did not interact with fertilizers to affect macronutrients. Increasing ozone interacted with iron at a high fertilizer level. Ozone did not affect the efficacy of paclobutralzol in controlling growth in Viola x wittrockiana. Ozone was effective in controlling Phytophthora capsici in recirculated irrigation water with minimum impact on plant growth. Adjustments in fertility regiemes may be needed to counteract the oxidizing affect of ozone on micronutrients.

McDonald, Garry Vernon

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Lighting fundamentals handbook: Lighting fundamentals and principles for utility personnel  

SciTech Connect

Lighting accounts for approximately 30% of overall electricity use and demand in commercial buildings. This handbook for utility personnel provides a source of basic information on lighting principles, lighting equipment, and other considerations related to lighting design. The handbook is divided into three parts. Part One, Physics of Light, has chapters on light, vision, optics, and photometry. Part Two, Lighting Equipment and Technology, focuses on lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls. Part Three, Lighting Design Decisions, deals with the manner in which lighting design decisions are made and reviews relevant methods and issues. These include the quantity and quality of light needed for visual tasks, calculation methods for verifying that lighting needs are satisfied, lighting economics and methods for evaluating investments in efficient lighting systems, and miscellaneous design issues including energy codes, power quality, photobiology, and disposal of lighting equipment. The handbook contains a discussion of the role of the utility in promoting the use of energy-efficient lighting. The handbook also includes a lighting glossary and a list of references for additional information. This convenient and comprehensive handbook is designed to enable utility lighting personnel to assist their customers in developing high-quality, energy-efficient lighting systems. The handbook is not intended to be an up-to-date reference on lighting products and equipment.

Eley, C.; Tolen, T. (Eley (Charles) Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Benya, J.R. (Luminae Souter Lighting Design, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the same level of performance in the LED Lighting product solution (retrofit light bulb, ceiling lighting minute of networking ­ refreshments will be served) Thinking Differently about LED Lighting Dr. Matthew A, LEDs have emerged as the next "filament" for the lighting industry. While LEDs are not new

Bifano, Thomas

298

Lighting Group: Controls: IBECS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IBECS IBECS Integrated Building Environmental Communications System Objective The overall technical goal of the IBECS project is to develop an integrated building equipment communications network that will allow appropriate automation of lighting and envelope systems to increase energy efficiency, improve building performance, and enhance occupant experience in the space. This network will provide a low-cost means for occupants to control local lighting and window systems, thereby improving occupant comfort, satisfaction and performance. A related goal is to improve existing lighting control components and accelerate development of new daylighting technologies that will allow daylighting to be more extensively applied to a larger proportion of building floor space.

299

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for a projection kinescope used in a facsimile scanning system and, in particular, meams for maintaining substantially constant the light emanating from the flying spot on the face of the kinescope are described. In general, the invention provides a feeler member disposed in such a position with respect to a projecting lens as to intercept a portion of the light striking the lens. Suitable circuitry in conjunction with a photomultiplier tube provides a signal proportional to the light intensity of the flying spot. The grid bias on the kinescope is controlled by this signal to maintain the intensity of the spot substantially constant.

Artzt, M.

1957-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

303

Green Light Pulse Oximeter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflectance pulse oximeter that determines oxygen saturation of hemoglobin using two sources of electromagnetic radiation in the green optical region, which provides the maximum reflectance pulsation spectrum. The use of green light allows placement of an oximetry probe at central body sites (e.g., wrist, thigh, abdomen, forehead, scalp, and back). Preferably, the two green light sources alternately emit light at 560 nm and 577 nm, respectively, which gives the biggest difference in hemoglobin extinction coefficients between deoxyhemoglobin, RHb, and oxyhemoglobin, HbO.sub.2.

Scharf, John Edward (Oldsmar, FL)

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

304

Entangled states of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These notes are more or less a faithful representation of my talk at the Workshop on ``Quantum Coding and Quantum Computing'' held at the University of Virginia. As such it is an introduction for non-physicists to the topics of the quantum theory of light and entangled states of light. In particular, I discuss the photon concept and what is really entangled in an entangled state of light (it is not the photons). Moreover, I discuss an example that highlights the peculiar behavior of entanglement in an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space.

S. J. van Enk

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

305

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

Impact of Alternative Energy Prices, Tenure Arrangements and Irrigation Technologies on a Typical Texas High Plains Farm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major contributing factor in crop production on the Texas High Plains. It is responsible for greatly increasing crop production and farm income for the region. Two factors, a declining groundwater supply and increasing production costs, are of primary concern because they impact on farm operations and producer economic viability. A recursive linear programming model for a typical Texas High Plains irrigated farm was developed to evaluate expected impact of price changes, tenure and new technology. The model includes a Fortran sub-routine that adjusts irrigation factors each year based on the linear programming solution of the previous year. After calculating new pumping energy requirements, well yield, and pumping lift, the Fortran component updates the linear programming model. This procedure continues automatically to the end of a specified planning period or to economic exhaustion of the groundwater, whichever occurs first. Static applications of the model, in a deep water situation, showed that a natural gas price increase from $1.50 to $2.20 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) would result in reductions in irrigation levels. Irrigation was terminated when the price of natural gas reached about $7.00 per mcf. In a shallow water situation, much higher natural gas prices were reached ($3.60 per mcf) before short-run adjustments in farm organization began to occur. Under furrow irrigation, irrigation was terminated when the natural gas price reached $7.00 per mcf. Increased natural gas prices impact heavily on returns above variable costs (up to 15 percent reductions) for a 60 percent natural gas price increase. The effects of rising natural gas prices over a longer period of time were more significant. Annual returns (above variable and fixed costs) were reduced by as much as 30 percent, and the present value of returns to water was reduced by as much as 80 percent as the natural gas price was increased annually by $0.25 per mcf (from $1.50 per mcf). The economic life of deep groundwater was shortened by as much as 18 years. Renter-operators are even more vulnerable to rising natural gas prices than are owner-operators. With rising natural gas prices, profitability over time for the renter is low. As natural gas prices continue to increase, the greater will be the incentives for renter-operators to seek more favorable rental terms such as a sharing of irrigation costs. With the problem of a declining groundwater supply and rising natural gas prices, an economic incentive exists for producers to find new technologies that will enable them to make more efficient use of remaining groundwater and of natural gas. Substantial economic gains appear feasible through improved pump efficiency. Increasing pump efficiency from 50 to 75 percent will not increase the economic life of the water supply, but can improve farm profits over time; e.g., the present value of groundwater was increased 33 percent for a typical farm with an aquifer containing 250 feet of saturated thickness and 15 percent for 75 feet of saturated thickness. Improved irrigation distribution systems can help conserve water and reduce irrigation costs. Results indicate that irrigation can be extended by 11 or more years with 50 percent improved distribution efficiency. In addition, the increase in present value of groundwater on the 1.69 million irrigated acres of the Texas High Plains was estimated to be $995 million with 50 percent improved efficiency. Limitations in borrowing can substantially reduce annual net returns. This analysis suggests that the farmer can economically justify very high costs of borrowing rather than a limitation of funds available for operating expenses.

Petty, J. A.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Whitson, R. E.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Basics Lighting Basics Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:12pm Addthis Text Version There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Lighting High-intensity Discharge Lighting Incandescent Lighting LED Lighting Low-pressure Sodium Lighting. Which type is best depends on the application. See the chart below for a comparison of lighting types. Lighting Comparison Chart Lighting Type Efficacy (lumens/watt) Lifetime (hours) Color Rendition Index (CRI) Color Temperature (K) Indoors/Outdoors Fluorescent Straight Tube 30-110 7000-24,000 50-90 (fair to good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors Compact Fluorescent 50-70 10,000 65-88 (good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors

308

Lighting Renovations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Renovations Lighting Renovations Lighting Renovations October 16, 2013 - 4:54pm Addthis When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide focuses on the renewable energy opportunities, energy efficiency may also present amble opportunity for energy and cost savings. Renewable Energy Options for Lighting Renovations Daylighting Photovoltaics Daylighting Daylighting maximizes the use of natural light in a space to reduce the need for artificial lighting. Incorporating daylighting into a lighting strategy should occur during the planning stage of design since it affects all aspects. Ambient light dimming controls are critical in daylighting, since the

309

Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program Peninsula Light Company - Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount General: 30% - 70% of cost Provider Peninsula Light Company Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service. Customers who upgrade to highly efficient fixtures and systems are eligible to receive a rebate generally covering 30% - 70% of the project cost. These retrofits improve light quality and reduce energy costs in participating facilities. PLC

310

Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D...

311

A web application for cotton irrigation management on the U.S. Southern High Plains. Part I: Crop yield modeling and profit analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irrigated cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) production is a central part of west Texas agriculture that depends on the essentially non-renewable water resource of the Ogallala aquifer. Web-based decision support tools that estimate the profit effects of ... Keywords: Cotton, Decision support tools, Irrigation, Ogallala aquifer, Profit estimation

Steven Mauget, Gary Leiker, Shyam Nair

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Lots of Light Literature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lots of Light Literature Lots of Light Literature The Teacher Resource Center contains a great variety of resources for all areas of science K-12. For the concepts of light here is a sampling of some of these resources. Science is Elementary - Spring 1995, vol. 6, no. 4. Science is Elementary is produced by the Museum Institute for Teaching Science, 79 Milk Street, Suite 210, Boston, MA 02109-3903. Science is Elementary is a newsletter we have admired for years. The topic of this issue deals with Color and Light. It contains content information to the teacher, trade secrets or teaching tips, "Book Looking" section and the section call "Sciencing" which includes a variety of activities. Science is Elementary is published quarterly. Subscription cost is: $22.00/year.

313

Slow-light solitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of soliton with controllable speed is constructed generalizing the theory of slow-light propagation to an integrable regime of nonlinear dynamics. The scheme would allow the quantum-information transfer between optical solitons and atomic media.

Ulf Leonhardt

2004-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

314

Light Vector Mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article reviews the current status of experimental results obtained in the measurement of light vector mesons produced in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at different energies. The review is focused on two phenomena related to the light vector mesons; the modification of the spectral shape in search of Chiral symmetry restoration and suppression of the meson production in heavy ion collisions. The experimental results show that the spectral shape of light vector mesons are modified compared to the parameters measured in vacuum. The nature and the magnitude of the modification depends on the energy density of the media in which they are produced. The suppression patterns of light vector mesons are different from the measurements of other mesons and baryons. The mechanisms responsible for the suppression of the mesons are not yet understood. Systematic comparison of existing experimental results points to the missing data which may help to resolve the problem.

Alexander Milov

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

315

Energy Basics: Fluorescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent lamps to provide the same amount of illumination (efficacy of 30-110 lumens per watt). They...

316

Energy Basics: LED Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

positivenegative junction of the diode, the electrons slow down to orbit at a lower energy level. The electrons emit the excess energy as photons of light. LEDs are often used...

317

Light Duty Vehicle Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in 2030 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Million BarrelsDay IMPORTS DOMESTIC OIL SUPPLY OIL DEMAND ELECTRICITY RES. & COM. INDUSTRY MISC. TRANSPORT AIR TRUCKS LIGHT DUTY VEHICLES ETHANOL...

318

General Light Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 3, 2011 ... A detailed literature survey indicates that vacuum sintering is able to produce ... In recent years, there is a high demand for light-weight metals foams. ... Each powder mixture's composition is determined by response surface...

319

Salinization of Irrigated Urban Soils: A Case Study of El Paso, TX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study was conducted to assess soil salinity levels in large landscape areas, such as golf courses, parks, and school grounds which were developed on various soil types in El Paso, Texas. The survey encompassed the East, the Central, the Northwest, and the Upper and Lower Valleys, covering 16 fairways at seven golf courses, 37 city parks, 30 school grounds, and 13 apartment landscapes on the Westside. The highest soil salinity (6 to 11 dS m-1) was found in the clayey soils of the Upper and Lower valleys, even when water of low salinity (650 to 750 ppm) had been used for irrigation. Spadoratic soil salinization was also observed in loamy soils of the South Central irrigated with city potable water, and topdressed soils of the Northwest after conversion to reclaimed water. Soil salinization was not observed in deep sand along I-10, and seldom in sandy calcic soils in the East and North Central, even though these soils contain a layer of caliche. Soil types play a role on soil salinization as much as does water quality.

Miyamoto, S.

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

320

Practical image based lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we present a user-friendly and practical method for seamless integration of computer-generated images (CG) with real photographs and video. In general such seamless integration is extremely hard and requires recovery of real world information to simulate the same environment for both CG and real objects. This real world information includes camera positions and parameters, and shapes, material properties, and motion of real objects. Among these one of the most important real world information is lighting. Image based lighting that is developed to recover illumination information of the real world from photographs has recently been popular in computer graphics. In this thesis we present a practical image based lighting method. Our method is based on a simple and easily constructible device: a square plate with a cylindrical stick. We have developed a user-guided system to approximately recover illumination information (i.e. orientations, colors, and intensities of light sources) from a photograph of this device. Our approach also helps to recover surface colors of real objects based on reconstructed lighting information. In addition, we will address our observation on shadows with multi-color lights in a compositing aspect and will present a solution to handle the addressed issue.

Lee, Jaemin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives (Vermont) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives (Vermont) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as...

322

Solid-State Lighting: Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting End-Use Consumption Study aims to improve the understanding of lighting energy usage in U.S. residential dwellings using a regional estimation framework. The...

323

Columbia Water & Light- HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Water & Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain...

324

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lighting Search Search Help Solid-State Lighting HOME ABOUT THE PROGRAM R&D PROJECTS MARKET-BASED PROGRAMS SSL BASICS INFORMATION RESOURCES FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES EERE...

325

Towards a poetics of light : the conceits of light.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Towards a Poetics of Light; The Conceits of Light is a critical quest to map associations between rhetorical figures, psychological defences and spatial tropes in (more)

Evans, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Lighting Market Characterization, Vol. 1: National Lighting Inventory and Energy Consumption Estimate, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,...

327

LED Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Lighting LED Lighting LED Lighting July 29, 2012 - 4:43pm Addthis LED Lighting What are the key facts? Quality LED products can last 25 times longer than an incandescent bulb and use 75% less energy. LEDs are directional, focusing light in ways that are useful in homes and commercial settings. The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient and rapidly-developing lighting technologies. Quality LED light bulbs last longer, are more durable, and offer comparable or better light quality than other types of lighting. Check out the top 8 things about LEDs to learn more. Energy Savings LED is a highly energy efficient lighting technology, and has the potential to fundamentally change the future of lighting in the United States. Residential LEDs -- especially ENERGY STAR rated products -- use at least

328

Lighting Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Design Lighting Design July 29, 2012 - 6:28pm Addthis Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/chandlerphoto. Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/chandlerphoto. How does it work? Buy ENERGY STAR-rated lighting for the highest quality, energy-efficient lighting. Use timers and other controls to turn lights on and off. Use outdoor solar lighting. Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. If you're constructing a new house, consider lighting as part of your whole-house design -- an

329

Low-Pressure Sodium Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Low-pressure sodium lighting provides more energy-efficient outdoor lighting than high-intensity discharge lighting, but it has very poor color rendition. Typical applications include highway and...

330

Materials for solid state lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Proceedings. Materials for Solid State Lighting S.G.Johnson Lighting Research Group Building TechnologiesMaterials for Solid State Lighting S.G. Johnson 1 and J. A.

Johnson, S.G.; Simmons, J.A.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Light as a Healing Mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. (1991). Meridians conduct light. Moskow: Raum and Zeit.the bodys absorption of light. Explore, 9(2), doi: https://01). The healing use of light and color. Health Care Design

Lingampalli, Nithya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Angeles, CA to someone Los Angeles, CA to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Los Angeles, CA on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium

334

Virginia Tech Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LIGHTING Daylight and Electric Careful consideration has been given to the integration of daylight, electric light, and the consequences relative to energy conservation, spatial...

335

Science Afternoon Properties of Light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Science Afternoon. Properties of Light. ... We discovered that there was a lot to learn about the Properties of Light! Supplemental Materials. ...

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Physics Out Loud - Cerenkov Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baryon Previous Video (Baryon) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Cross Section) Cross Section Cerenkov Light The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light....

337

Physics Out Loud - Cherenkov Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baryon Previous Video (Baryon) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Cross Section) Cross Section Cherenkov Light The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cherenkov light....

338

Flash Lighting with Fluorescent Lamp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A flash lighting circuit with the fluorescent lamp is designed to produce lighting flicker by means of controlling the operating frequency and the duty-ratio of (more)

Hsieh, Horng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Light pipe - design for efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high cost and availability of materials which are clear enough to transmit light without absorption has limited the idea of piping large-scale quantities of light. The light pipe uses the principle of Total Internal Reflection, with the light guided by very accurate prisms. The transmission of light directed into the end of a Light Pipe at an angle of less than 27.6 degrees is theoretically 100% efficient. The author describes its uses and advantages for lighting offices, cold storage areas, difficult access and hazardous areas, and for solar lighting. Future directions will be to improve the economics and accuracy of the technology. 4 references, 2 figures.

Hockey, S.N.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Artificial light and plant growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Artificial light and plant growth Name: Lim Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: What color of artificial light works the best in plant growth? Replies:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lighting Controls | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fluorescent lighting fixtures rather than replace them. Dimmers and LEDs Some light-emitting diode (LED) lightbulbs can be used with dimmers. LED bulbs and fixtures must be...

342

Light Field Appearance Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Statistical shape and texture appearance models are powerful image representations, but previously had been restricted to 2D or 3D shapes with smooth surfaces and lambertian reflectance. In this paper we present a novel 3D appearance model using image-based rendering techniques, which can represent complex lighting conditions, structures, and surfaces. We construct a light field manifold capturing the multi-view appearance of an object class and extend the direct search algorithm of Cootes and Taylor to match new light fields or 2D images of an object to a point on this manifold. When matching to a 2D image the reconstructed light field can be used to render unseen views of the object. Our technique differs from previous view-based active appearance models in that model coefficients between views are explicitly linked, and that we do not model any pose variation within the shape model at a single view. It overcomes the limitations of polygonal based appearance models and uses light fields that are acquired in real-time. 1

Chris Mario Christoudias; Trevor Darrell

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Solar lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

lighting lighting Jump to: navigation, search Introductory Facts About Solar Lights It is not just a normal light bulb.The solar light consists of a LED or Light Emitting Diode, which draw little power. Coupled with constantly recharging batteries, you will never run out of light! They will save the customer money. By Replacing all outdoor lighting with solar lights there is no need to plug in to the electrical system. The lights will automatically turn on at dusk and will be charged during the day. They help out the environment.Not only does not plugging in to the power system save money but also energy, therefore protecting the Earth. Easy to Install No wires necessary, just pop in the battery. They come in all designs Just because they are solar lights doesn't

344

Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-object-at-a-time. "Intrinsic" light is the light emitted by the object itself, such as the glow from a TV screen, a light-emitting diode, or a star. "Ambient" light is an illumination that seems to come from all sides. In the real

Boyd, John P.

345

TOPIC Brief BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Lighting: Residential...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting: Residential and Commercial Requirements TOPIC BRIEF 1 Lighting: Residential and Commercial Requirements Residential Lighting Requirements The 2009 International Energy...

346

Relationships between the Irrigation-Pumping Electrical Loads and the Local Climate in Climate Division 9, Idaho  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical load from irrigation pumps is an important part of the overall electricity demand in many agricultural areas of the U.S. west. The date the pumps turn on and the total electrical load they present over the summer varies from year ...

Eric J. Alfaro; David W. Pierce; Anne C. Steinemann; Alexander Gershunov

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The impact of agricultural intensification and irrigation on landatmosphere interactions and Indian monsoon precipitation --A mesoscale modeling perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Indian monsoon precipitation -- A mesoscale modeling perspective E.M. Douglas a, , A. Beltrán-Przekurat b: irrigation Indian monsoon Regional Atmospheric Modeling System agriculture Land Use Land Cover Change Using convergence, mesoscale convection, and precipitation patterns over the Indian monsoon region. Four experiments

Niyogi, Dev

348

The impact of agricultural intensification and irrigation on landatmosphere interactions and Indian monsoon precipitation --A mesoscale modeling perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Indian monsoon precipitation -- A mesoscale modeling perspective E.M. Douglas a, , A. Beltrán-Przekurat b Keywords: irrigation Indian monsoon Regional Atmospheric Modeling System agriculture Land Use Land Cover and regional convergence, mesoscale convection, and precipitation patterns over the Indian monsoon region. Four

Douglas, Ellen M.

349

Analysis of the research and development effort in the private sector to reduce energy consumption in irrigated agriculture  

SciTech Connect

Manufacturers of irrigation equipment perform research and development in an effort to improve or maintain their position in a very competitive market. The market forces and conditions that create the intense competition and provide incentive for invention are described. Particular emphasis is placed on the market force of increased energy costs, but the analysis is developed from the perspective that energy is but one of many inputs to agricultural production. The analysis is based upon published literature, patent activity profiles, microeconomic theory, and conversations with many representatives of the irrigation industry. The published literature provides an understanding of the historical development of irrigation technology, a description of the industry's structure, and various data, which were important for the quantitative analyses. The patent activity profiles, obtained from the US Patent Office, provided details of patent activity within the irrigation industry over the past decade. Microeconomic theory was used to estimate industry-wide research and development expenditures on energy-conserving products. The results of these analyses were then compared with the insights gained from conversations with the industry representatives.

Rogers, E.A.; Cone, B.W.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

July 18, 2012 Using QECBs for Street Lighting Upgrades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting technologies (e.g. light-emitting diodes, induction lighting) can reduce street light energy

351

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York This Environmental Assessment addresses the proposed action by the U.S. Department of Energy to upgrade the facilities of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex, namely the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), the Accelerator Test Facility and the Source Development Laboratory. The environmental effects of a No-Action Alternative as well as a Proposed Action are evaluated in the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment Fact Sheet” link below leads to a one-page summary of the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment” link below leads to the whole 41-page

352

Lighting Technology Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Panel Technology Panel Federal Utility Partnership Working Group N b 2009 November 1 1 8, 2009 Doug Avery Southern California Edison Southern California Edison National Energy Conservation M d t Mandates * There are Federal and State Mandates to reduce energy consumption - California Investor Owned Electric Utilities are ordered to save around 3 Billion kWh's each y year from 2007-2113 - Federal buildings ordered to reduce electrical Federal buildings ordered to reduce electrical energy consumption 35% by 2012 Energy Consump ption gy Lighting accounts for 42 7% of energy consumption Lighting accounts for 42.7% of energy consumption Data Courtesy of SDG&E Data Courtesy of SDG&E Energy Consump ption gy More than ¾ of the lighting load is non-residential. Data Courtesy of SDG&E

353

Pupillary efficient lighting system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lighting system having at least two independent lighting subsystems each with a different ratio of scotopic illumination to photopic illumination. The radiant energy in the visible region of the spectrum of the lighting subsystems can be adjusted relative to each other so that the total scotopic illumination of the combined system and the total photopic illumination of the combined system can be varied independently. The dilation or contraction of the pupil of an eye is controlled by the level of scotopic illumination and because the scotopic and photopic illumination can be separately controlled, the system allows the pupil size to be varied independently of the level of photopic illumination. Hence, the vision process can be improved for a given level of photopic illumination. 5 figs.

Berman, S.M.; Jewett, D.L.

1989-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

354

Light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Pupillary efficient lighting system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lighting system having at least two independent lighting subsystems each with a different ratio of scotopic illumination to photopic illumination. The radiant energy in the visible region of the spectrum of the lighting subsystems can be adjusted relative to each other so that the total scotopic illumination of the combined system and the total photopic illumination of the combined system can be varied independently. The dilation or contraction of the pupil of an eye is controlled by the level of scotopic illumination and because the scotopic and photopic illumination can be separately controlled, the system allows the pupil size to be varied independently of the level of photopic illumination. Hence, the vision process can be improved for a given level of photopic illumination.

Berman, Samuel M. (San Francisco, CA); Jewett, Don L. (Mill Valley, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Heavy-to-light form factors on the light cone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The light cone method provides a convenient non-perturbative tool to study the heavy-to-light form factors. We construct a light cone quark model utilizing the soft collinear effective theory. In the leading order of effective theory, the ten $B$ to light physical form factors are reduced to three universal form factors which can be calculated as overlaps of hadron light front wave functions in the light cone quark model. The numerical results show that the leading contribution is close to the results from other approaches. The $q^2$ dependence of the heavy-to-light form factors are also presented.

Cai-Dian Lu; Wei Wang; Zheng-Tao Wei

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Deficiencies of Lighting Codes and Ordinances in Controlling Light Pollution from Parking Lot Lighting Installations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this research was to identify the main causes of light pollution from parking lot electric lighting installations and highlight the deficiencies of (more)

Royal, Emily

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting Wisconsin Business Sheds Light on Lighting April 29, 2010 - 4:59pm Addthis When this photograph was taken, the upper floors of Wisconsin’s Department of Transportation were using a new lighting plan from EPS, while the lower ones were still using the pre-audit lighting scheme. | Photo Courtesy of Energy Performance Specialists, LLC When this photograph was taken, the upper floors of Wisconsin's Department of Transportation were using a new lighting plan from EPS, while the lower ones were still using the pre-audit lighting scheme. | Photo Courtesy of Energy Performance Specialists, LLC Joshua DeLung Wisconsin-based Energy Performance Specialists LLC is helping clients reduce energy consumption in a very simple way-by just using less.

359

Radioluminescent lighting technology  

SciTech Connect

The glow-in-the-dark stereotype that characterizes the popular image of nuclear materials is not accidental. When the French scientist, Henri Becquerel, first discovered radioactivity in 1896, he was interested in luminescence. Radioluminescence, the production of light from a mixture of energetic and passive materials, is probably the oldest practical application of the unstable nucleus. Tritium-based radioluminescent lighting, in spite of the biologically favorable character of the gaseous tritium isotope, was included in the general tightening of environmental and safety regulations. Tritium light manufacturers would have to meet two fundamental conditions: (1) The benefit clearly outweighed the risk, to the extent that even the perceived risk of a skeptical public would be overcome. (2) The need was significant enough that the customer/user would be willing and able to afford the cost of regulation that was imposed both in the manufacture, use and eventual disposal of nuclear materials. In 1981, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigating larger radioluminescent applications using byproduct nuclear material such as krypton-85, as well as tritium. By 1982, it appeared that large source, (100 Curies or more) tritium gas tube, lights might be useful for marking runways and drop zones for military operations and perhaps even special civilian aviation applications. The successful development of this idea depended on making the light bright enough and demonstrating that large gas tube sources could be used and maintained safely in the environment. This successful DOE program is now in the process of being completed and closed-out. Working closely with the tritium light industry, State governments and other Federal agencies, the basic program goals have been achieved. This is a detailed report of what they have learned, proven, and discovered. 91 refs., 29 figs., 5 tabs. (JF)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Fiberoptic home lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initial effort on this grant project was to construct a model that would demonstrate the feasibility of various lighting theories. Testing of suitable materials for utilization as fibreoptic components was the second priority. The material chosen for the project was 5/8 inch diameter plexiglas rod. The next step involved determining the limitations and other properties of the plexiglas rod. The final factor in developing a useable system involved testing different types and colors of light and their ability to be transmitted by the optic fibre. The culmination of the research and testing resulted in the demonstration projects.

Keleher, D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lighting Choices video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lighting Choices."...

362

Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principles and Terms Lighting Principles and Terms July 29, 2012 - 5:20pm Addthis Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. |...

363

Solid-State Lighting: OLED Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting: OLED Basics on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: OLED Basics on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: OLED Basics on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

364

Light Logger Placement Guidelines for Residential Lighting Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New technological advancements in lighting have increased the efficiency of residential lighting loads. Light loggers, which use a photocell to sense when lights are on or off, provide valuable metering information for use in measuring technology effectiveness and designing marketing programs. Placement of the loggers is critical to the accuracy and reliability of the measurements. This report provides placement recommendations for various types of lighting, expected accuracy compared to metered energy, ...

1996-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

365

Pacific Gas and Electric Company Presentation by Steve Metague  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Metague Metague Sr. Director, Project Development Pacific Gas & Electric Co. 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Western Regional Workshop December 13, 2011 - Portland, Oregon California Transmission Planning Group (CTPG) * CTPG is a voluntary organization comprised of all the entities within California responsible for transmission planning: - California Independent System Operator (ISO) - Imperial Irrigation District (IID) - Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) - Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) - Southern California Edison (SCE) - Southern California Public Power Authority (SCPPA) - San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) - Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) - Transmission Agency of Northern California (TANC) - Turlock Irrigation District (TID)

366

Good lighting with energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

The publicity and economic impact of the oil embargo of 1973-74 has frequently caused over-reactive, indiscriminate reductions in lighting without eliminating many of the truly energy-wasteful aspects of lighting system usage. With current technology and a clear knowledge of the lighting requirements significant contributions to energy conservation can be achieved without unnecessarily sacrificing the benefits of good lighting.

Clark, G.W.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

2011-2012 Efficient Irrigation for Water Conservation in the Rio Grande Basin Progress and Accomplishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the past year, the RGBI Economics Team completed various technical reports and professional journals and presented findings on RGBI water-resource issues to local, statewide, and national audiences. Key topics included: 1) business economics of desalination water-treatment facilities; 2) mitigation cost investigations of increased off-site sediment runoff and nutrients associated with biofuels production; 3) economic and water conservation effects of drip irrigation compared to traditional strategies such as furrow or flood; 4) health-related economic analysis of water quality and household treatment/delivery systems; 5) impacts of analytical techniques involving discounting for time; and 6) regional market economics affected by changing water supply and demand from dynamic climate conditions and increasing population.

Kalisek, D.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An Economic Feasibility Study of Irrigated Crop Production in the Pecos Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public concern over the potential effects of energy price increases on the U.S. food and fiber system has been dramatically justified in the Trans Pecos region of Texas where a 450 percent increase in the price of natural gas was followed by the idling of thousands of irrigated acres and the departure of many of the farmers. This study was conducted to provide the answers to two questions: (l) Can an irrigated farm survive in the Trans Pecos? and (2) If it survives, how profitable will it be? Coyanosa, one of the irrigated areas of the Trans Pecos, was selected as a study area, and the St. Lawrence area of the Edwards Plateau was selected to provide comparative estimates of survival and profitability. A modified MOTAD linear programming-simulation model was developed to generate estimates of survival and profitability by recursive simulation of multiple time periods, as follows: (l) development of a farm plan, (2) generation of stochastic prices and yields, (3) simulation and evaluation of the farm plan in operation, and (4) update of the planning situation to reflect adjustments in expected prices, expected yields, and credit restrictions. The model then returns to step l for simulation of the next time period. The model was applied to the Coyanosa and St. Lawrence regions under alternative future scenarios for inflation rates, energy prices, crop prices, and interest rates. The Coyanosa model was also applied under most likely scenario conditions to analyze the effects of alternative levels of risk-aversion and alternative tenure situations. Each application included 20 simulations of a 1O year planning horizon to develop a distribution of outcome. The Coyanosa farm survived about 8 years under the optimistic scenario and 5 years under all other scenarios. The most likely rate of survival was 20-30 percent with a range of 1O percent to 65 percent for other scenarios. The average life and rate of survival was higher for the St. Lawrence farm under all scenarios. The internal rate of return on equity capital for the Coyanosa farm was 36.8 percent under the optimistic scenario and negative under all other scenarios. The rate of return for St. Lawrence was not significantly different for the optimistic scenario; however, it was higher than Coyanosa for all other scenarios. The level of risk-aversion described by the baseline model appears to be relatively high compared to other studies, but there are indications that it may be relatively low for the St. Lawrence area. Both rate of return and survival increased in response to decreased levels of risk-aversion, however, the latter result may be related to the specification of the risk restraint. Land purchase provided higher estimates of survival and profitability than rental or combined rental and purchase. These results seem to relate to the finding that traditional crop share rental arrangements are unsatisfactory for the Coyanosa area. It was concluded from this study that (l) survival and profitability of irrigated crop production in the Coyanosa area will depend greatly upon future levels of inflation, energy prices, crop prices, and interest rates, (2) survival and profitability for Coyanosa will most likely be lower than St. Lawrence, and (3) land purchase provides greater potential survival and profitability than traditional crop share rental arrangements. These conclusions were limited by need for additional research regarding the effects of beginning equity levels and consideration of risk in farm planning. Conclusions were also limited by the data and assumptions utilized in the study.

Condra, G. D.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Lindsey, K.; Whitson, R. E.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Another Side of Light - D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Three quantum phenomena D. Three quantum phenomena In fluorescence, matter absorbs light waves of a high frequency and then emits light of the same or lower frequency. This process was studied and named by George Gabriel Stokes in the mid-19th century. Today, fluorescence is familiar to us from fluorescent light bulbs. A fluorescent bulb's filament produces ultraviolet light, which is absorbed by the bulb's inner coating, which then emits lower-frequency visible light-more visible light than an incandescent bulb produces with the same wattage. According to the hypothesis of light quanta, during fluorescence an atom absorbs a quantum of light whose energy is proportional to the light wave's frequency. If the atom doesn't supply any extra energy of its own, the light quantum emitted should either have the same energy or less energy

370

Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Tips: Lighting May 4, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. What does this mean for me? Replacing 15 inefficient incandescent bulbs in your home with energy-saving bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For the greatest savings, replace your old incandescent bulbs with ENERGY STAR-qualified bulbs. An average household dedicates about 10% of its energy budget to lighting. Switching to energy-efficient lighting is one of the fastest ways to cut your energy bills. Timers and motion sensors save you even more money by reducing the amount of time lights are on but not being used.

371

Technology reviews: Lighting systems  

SciTech Connect

We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize lighting system in the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends. Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Windows and lighting program  

SciTech Connect

More than 30% of all energy use in buildings is attributable to two sources: windows and lighting. Together they account for annual consumer energy expenditures of more than $50 billion. Each affects not only energy use by other major building systems, but also comfort and productivity -- factors that influence building economics far more than does direct energy consumption alone. Windows play a unique role in the building envelope, physically separating the conditioned space from the world outside without sacrificing vital visual contact. Throughout the indoor environment, lighting systems facilitate a variety of tasks associated with a wide range of visual requirements while defining the luminous qualities of the indoor environment. Windows and lighting are thus essential components of any comprehensive building science program. Despite important achievements in reducing building energy consumption over the past decade, significant additional savings are still possible. These will come from two complementary strategies: (1) improve building designs so that they effectively apply existing technologies and extend the market penetration of these technologies; and (2) develop advanced technologies that increase the savings potential of each application. Both the Windows and Daylighting Group and the Lighting System Research Group have made substantial contributions in each of these areas, and continue to do so through the ongoing research summarized here. 23 refs., 16 figs.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Data:2e22511b-ced7-4080-b8b6-13a0d8050666 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e22511b-ced7-4080-b8b6-13a0d8050666 e22511b-ced7-4080-b8b6-13a0d8050666 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule DE Domestic and Farm Service Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability This schedule applies to: (1) Domestic service use including lighting, heating, air conditioning, cooking and appliances where a single meter serves a single family dwelling; (2) apartments and multifamily dwelling units where each unit is individually metered by the District; (3) noncommercial or farm uses (except dairy milk barns, poultry houses, and similar type farm uses) with a total connected load of 20 kW or less, where such service is provided in conjunction with a residence on the same property; and (4) where a single meter serves noncommercial or farm uses (except dairy milk barns, poultry houses, and similar type farm uses) on the same property as the residence with a total connected load of 20 kW or less.

374

Economic Effect of Energy Price and Economic Feasibility and Potenhal of New Technology and Improved Management for Irrigation in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major contributing factor in crop production on the Texas High Plains. It is responsible for greatly increasing crop production and farm income for the region. Two factors, a declining groundwater supply and increasing production costs, are of primary concern because they impact on farm operations and producer economic viability. Recursive linear programming models for a typical Texas High Plains irrigated farm were developed to evaluate expected impact of energy and crop price changes, tenure and new technology. The model includes a Fortran sub-routine that adjusts irrigation factors each year based on the linear programming solution of the previous year. After calculating new pumping energy requirements, well yield, and pumping lift, the Fortran component updates the linear programming model. This procedure continues automatically to the end of a specified planning period or to economic exhaustion of the groundwater, whichever occurs first. Static applications of the model, in a deep water situation, showed that a natural gas price increase from $1.50 to $2.20 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) would result in reductions in irrigation levels. Irrigation was terminated when the price of natural gas reached about $7.00 per mcf. In a shallow water situation, much higher natural gas prices were reached ($3.60 per mcf) before short-run adjustments in farm organization began to occur. Under furrow irrigation, irrigation was terminated when the natural gas price reached $7.00 per mcf. Increased natural gas prices impact heavily on returns above variable costs (up to 15 percent reductions) for a 60 percent natural gas price increase. The effects of rising natural gas prices over a longer period of time were more significant. Annual returns (above variable and fixed costs) were reduced by as much as 30 percent, and the present value of returns to water was reduced by as much as 80 percent as the natural gas price was increased annually by $0.25 per mcf (from $1.50 per mcf). The economic life of deep groundwater was shortened by as much as 18 years. Renter-operators are even more vulnerable to rising natural gas prices than are owner-operators. With rising natural gas prices, profitability over time for the renter is low. As natural gas prices continue to increase, the greater will be the incentives for renter-operators to seek more favorable rental terms such as a sharing of irrigation costs. With the problem of a declining groundwater supply and rising natural gas prices, an economic incentive exists for producers to find new technologies that will enable them to make more efficient use of remaining groundwater and of natural gas. Substantial economic gains appear feasible through improved pump efficiency. Increasing pump efficiency from 50 to 75 percent will not increase the economic life of the water supply, but can improve farm profits over time; e.g., the present value of groundwater was increased 33 percent for a typical farm with an aquifer containing 250 feet of saturated thickness and 15 percent for 75 feet of saturated thickness. Improved irrigation distribution systems can help conserve water and reduce irrigation costs. Results indicate that irrigation can be extended by 11 or more years with 50 percent improved distribution efficiency. In addition, the increase in present value of groundwater on the 1.69 million irrigated acres of the Texas High Plains was estimated to be $995 million with 50 percent improved efficiency. New technology opportunities were expanded to include analysis of the economic feasibility of wind assisted irrigation pumping. Two wind machines were analyzed, with rate outputs of 40 to 60 kilowatts (KW). Each was applied to the Northern and Southern Texas High Plains over a range of land and water resource situations. Breakeven investment was estimated at discount rates of three, five and ten percent. Cropping patterns on the Southern High Plains were dominated by irrigated cotton and were insensit

Lacewell, Ronald D.; Hardin, D. C.; Petty, J. A.; Whitson, R. E.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

376

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

377

Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent products to provide a similar amount of light. They also last about 10 times longer (7,000-24,000 hours). The two general types of fluorescent lamps are: Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) -- commonly found with integral ballasts and screw bases, these are popular lamps often used in household fixtures Fluorescent tube and circline lamps -- typically used for task lighting such as garages and under cabinet fixtures, and for lighting large areas in commercial buildings. CFLs CFLs combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent fixtures. CFLs fit most fixtures

378

Gradient Combinatorial Libraries via Modulated Light ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Libraries via Modulated Light Exposure. Bookmark and Share Gradient Combinatorial Libraries via Modulated Light Exposure. ...

379

Lighting for video February 23, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) LED light panel, C) HMI/MH light with diffusion, D) fluorescent ("kino flo") style light fluorescent or LED lights. In the earlier days this was created by bouncing light off reflectors, for example a soft light as a key light (LED or fluorescent) and then use available lights in the back- ground

Porr, Bernd

380

Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER. For the Smart Light emitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans Project, the California Lighting Technology

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report 2001 Report 2001 National Synchrotron Light Source For the period October 1, 2000 through September 30, 2001 Introduction Science Highlights Year in Review Operations Publications Abstracts Nancye Wright & Lydia Rogers The National Synchrotron Light Source Department is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven Science Associates, Inc. Upton, New York 11973 Under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 Mary Anne Corwin Steven N. Ehrlich & Lisa M. Miller Managing Editor Science Editors Production Assistants Cover images (clockwise from top left) 1. from Science Highlight by K.R. Rajashankar, M.R. Chance, S.K. Burley, J. Jiang, S.C. Almo, A. Bresnick, T. Dodatko, R. Huang, G. He,

382

Light amplification using semiconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the summer of 1953, John von Neumann discussed his ideas concerning light amplification using semiconductors with Edward Teller. In September of that year, von Neumann sent a manuscript containing his ideas and calculations on this subject to Teller for his comments. To the best of our knowledge, von Neumann did not take time to work further on these ideas, and the manuscript remained unpublished. These previously unpublished writings of John von Neumann on the subject of light amplification in semiconductors are printed as a service to the laser community. While von Neumann's original manuscript and his letter to Teller are available to anyone who visits the Library of Congress, it is much more convenient to have this paper appear in an archival journal.

Dupuis, R.D.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Fusion pumped light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the lasing medium. 3 figs.

Pappas, D.S.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Light from cosmic strings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-dependent metric of a cosmic string leads to an effective interaction between the string and photons--the ''gravitational Aharonov-Bohm'' effect--and causes cosmic strings to emit light. We evaluate the radiation of pairs of photons from cosmic strings and find that the emission from cusps, kinks and kink-kink collisions occurs with a flat spectrum at all frequencies up to the string scale. Further, cusps emit a beam of photons, kinks emit along a curve, and the emission at a kink-kink collision is in all directions. The emission of light from cosmic strings could provide an important new observational signature of cosmic strings that is within reach of current experiments for a range of string tensions.

Steer, Daniele A.; Vachaspati, Tanmay [APC 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Clusters in Light Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of research work has been undertaken in the alpha-clustering study since the pioneering discovery, half a century ago, of 12C+12C molecular resonances. Our knowledge of the field of the physics of nuclear molecules has increased considerably and nuclear clustering remains one of the most fruitful domains of nuclear physics, facing some of the greatest challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. In this work, the occurence of "exotic" shapes in light N=Z alpha-like nuclei is investigated. Various approaches of superdeformed and hyperdeformed bands associated with quasimolecular resonant structures are presented. Results on clustering aspects are also discussed for light neutron-rich Oxygen isotopes.

C. Beck; P. Papka; A. Sanchez i Zafra; S. Thummerer; F. Azaiez; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; D. Curien; O. Dorvaux; A. Goasduff; D. Lebhertz; A. Nourreddine; M. Rousseau; M. -D. Salsac; W. von Oertzen; B. Gebauer; C. Wheldon; Tz. Kokalova; G. Efimov; V. Zherebchevsky; Ch. Schulz; H. G. Bohlen; D. Kamanin; G. de Angelis; A. Gadea; S. Lenzi; D. R. Napoli; S. Szilner; M. Milin; W. N. Catford; D. G. Jenkins; G. Royer

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fusion pumped light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the laser medium.

Pappas, Daniel S. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Developing architectural lighting representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of a visualization system for architectural lighting designers. It starts by motivating the problem as both complex in its physics and social organization. Three iterations of prototypes for displaying time and space varying phenomena are discussed. Fieldwork is presented to identify where in practice they will be most effective. A set of user studies, one of which is analyzed in fine-grained detail, show how building designers incorporate visualization on hypothetical design problems. This has positive implications for both energy efficiency and lighting quality in buildings. CR Categories: H.1.2 [Models and Principles]: User/Machine SystemsHuman factors; D.2.2 [Software Engineering]: Design

Daniel C. Glaser; Roger Tan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Efficient Light Sources Today  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews new lamp and lighting technology in terms of application and economic impact. Included are the latest advances in High Intensity Discharge systems, energy saving fluorescent lamps and ballasts, and the new state of the art high performance fluorescent systems. Cost analyses will show that typical owning and operating cost reductions of 15 to 65% can be achieved without sacrificing illumination levels when the right system is chosen and properly applied.

Hart, A. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

New Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) technical update continues the technical assessment of advanced lighting technologies in the following product areaslinear LED T8 fluorescent replacements, Edison-based dimmable LED lamps, commercial replacement side-lit LED fixtures, Edison-based reduced-consumption halogen lamps designed to replace 100W incandescent lamps, high bay induction LED lamps, and architectural LED lamps. Many of the products in this years report are designed as ...

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

390

Light-Matter Quantum Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a quantum interface which applies multiple passes of a pulse of light through an atomic sample with phase/polarization rotations in between the passes. Our proposal does not require nonclassical light input or measurements on the system, and it predicts rapidly growing unconditional entanglement of light and atoms from just coherent inputs. The proposed interface makes it possible to achieve a number of tasks within quantum information processing including teleportation between light and atoms, quantum memory for light and squeezing of atomic and light variables.

K. Hammerer; K. Molmer; E. S. Polzik; J. I. Cirac

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

392

Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boston, MA to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Boston, MA on Facebook Tweet about...

393

Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dallas, TX to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations and Materials-Dallas, TX on Facebook Tweet about...

394

Energy Savings Potential of Solid State Lighting in General Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by Arthur D. Little, Inc. for U.S. Department of Energy Energy Savings Potential of Solid State Lighting in General Lighting Applications Final Report April 2001 Energy Savings...

395

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

396

Physics of light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fourth interpretation for the principle of light invariance is proposed. After Maxwell equations, relativity, Lorentz group, another possibility stands into consider the Lorentz group representations as species. By specie one means fields with same nature under light invariance. For instance, given a ((1/2),(1/2)) representation, instead of just one specific field, we should associate to it the potential fields specie. Thus, starting from such fields specie interpretation the features of a certain potential field A{sub {mu}I} will be determined in terms of its associated fields set {l_brace}A{sub {mu}I}{r_brace}, where I means a diversity index. It says that, the original field equation to be searched for a given field description is that one corresponding to the associated group of fields, and not more, for the field being taken isolated. It introduces the meaning of parts enfolded in the whole through whole relativistic equations. There is a more primitive equation to be understood. Instead Maxwell equation this fourth light invariance interpretation is guiding us to a more basic equation describing a fields set {l_brace}A{sub {mu}I}{r_brace}. It will be entitled as Global Maxwell equation. Three steps are necessary for characterizing this Global Maxwell equation. The first one is to derive on abelian terms a generic expression for the fields set {l_brace}A{sub {mu}I}{r_brace}. Further, show the diversity between these associated fields. Prove that every field carries a different quantum number (spin, mass, charges; C, P, T, CPT). The third one is on the photon singularity. Being the light invariance porter, it should be distinguished from others fields. This is done through the group gauge directive symmetry and Noether current. A Global Lorentz force complements the Global Maxwell by introducing three types of force. The first one generalizes the usual Lorentz force while the last two introduce relationships between fields and masses and fields with fields. A Physics of Light is derived. Based on such interpretation relating fields with same Lorentz nature, the electromagnetism is enlarged. The electromagnetic phenomena is not more restricted to Maxwell and electric charge. It englobes Maxwell and produces new types of electromagnetic fields and sectors. It centers the photon at its origin, new aspects as photonic charges and selfinteracting photons are obtained. As a case of this new electromagnetic spectrum one can take the set {l_brace}{gamma}Z{sup 0},W{sup {+-}}{r_brace}. It provides an electromagnetism involving photonic, massive, neutral, electric charged sectors which may antecede the electroweak unification.

Doria, R. [Aprendanet, Petropolis, 25600 (Brazil)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

397

Biosphere-atmosphere interactions over semi-arid regions : modeling the role of mineral aerosols and irrigation in the regional climate system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation describes the role of land surface processes in shaping semi-arid climates, namely those of Southwest Asia and Northwest Africa. The interactions between dust emissions, irrigation, and climate processes ...

Marcella, Marc Pace

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Solid-State Lighting: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Contacts Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Web site and program contacts are provided below. Website Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about information on this site. Program Contacts Contact information for the Solid-State Lighting Program. Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov Content Last Updated: 02/14

399

Solid-State Lighting: Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications to someone by Publications to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Publications The Solid-State Lighting (SSL) program produces a comprehensive portfolio of publications, ranging from overviews of the program's research

400

Solid-State Lighting: Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Events to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Events on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solid-State Lighting: Partnerships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Partnerships to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Partnerships on Facebook...

402

Another Side of Light - C  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

light waves in a furnace should act much the same if they behave according to Planck's quantum law. As we noted above, the intensity of the lower-frequency light is described...

403

Costs of Saving Water in South Texas with Irrigation District Infrastructure Rehabilitation - Using Capital Budgeting with RGIDECON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a part of the irrigation district plans, economists with Texas AgriLife Research and the Texas AgriLife Extension Service (through the Rio Grande Basin Initiative), developed and applied a spreadsheet model RGIDECON (Rio Grande Irrigation District Economics) to facilitate unbiased comparisons of real project costs. That is, a Capital Budgeting Net Present Value (NPV) methodology, combined with calculation of annuity equivalent (AE) values, was developed to incorporate different initial construction costs, annual operation and maintenance costs, quantity of water saved, expected useful life, etc. of the various alternative projects. Using this combined approach allows for calculation of a single, annual $/acre-foot (af) {or $/1,000 gal} life-cycle cost, comprehensive of all relevant financial and economic parameters, thereby facilitating comparisons across and priority ranking among ID projects.

Rister, E.; Lacewell, R.; Sturdivant, A.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Success Stories: Post Office Lighting  

... Post Office reduces energy, provides better lighting for multitasks in the home and office, and saves money. The system ...

405

Photodetector with enhanced light absorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photodetector including a light transmissive electrically conducting layer having a textured surface with a semiconductor body thereon. This layer traps incident light thereby enhancing the absorption of light by the semiconductor body. A photodetector comprising a textured light transmissive electrically conducting layer of SnO.sub.2 and a body of hydrogenated amorphous silicon has a conversion efficiency about fifty percent greater than that of comparative cells. The invention also includes a method of fabricating the photodetector of the invention.

Kane, James (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Can dendritic cells see light?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many reports showing that low-level light/laser therapy (LLLT) can enhance wound healing,

Hamblin, Michael R.

407

Twenty Years of Lighting Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

our lighting laboratory, including the goniophotometer and luminaire thermal performance instrumentation, support the development of new products, such as efficient...

408

COMPARISON OF PICKER AND STRIPPER HARVESTERS ON IRRIGATED COTTON ON THE HIGH PLAINS OF TEXAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over a fourth of the cotton produced in the US since 2002 has been produced in Texas, with most coming from the High Plains. In recent years, Texas has accounted for almost half of all US cotton production (USDA-NASS, 2008b). Most cotton on the High Plains is of more storm-proof varieties that have traditionally been harvested using stripper harvesters. However, improvements in irrigation technology and shifting markets for US cotton have increased interest in picker harvesters in the region. A holistic comparison of picker and stripper harvesters in irrigated cotton on the High Plains of Texas was conducted focusing on differences in system efficiencies, the costs of ginning, fiber and yarn quality, and potential economic returns under comparable crop yields and conditions. Harvester performance was evaluated based on harvest efficiency, time-inmotion, and fuel consumption. Stripper harvesters left less cotton in the field, but most of the cotton left by the picker was of low quality. While the time spent in each operation of harvest was highly dependent on the operator and support equipment available, in general, picker harvesters were able to harvest a unit area of high-yielding cotton more quickly than stripper harvesters. The cost of ginning picked and stripped cotton was evaluated considering current fee schedules from gins on the High Plains. On average, it cost a producer $4.76 more per bale to gin stripped-and-field-cleaned cotton than picked cotton. Fiber quality parameters were compared between harvest treatments based on results from High Volume Instrument (HVI) and Advanced Fiber Information System (AFIS) tests. Samples were ring-spun into carded and carded-and-combed yarns. Differences in fiber quality between harvest treatments were more pronounced when growing conditions were less favorable. Few differences were detected in carded yarn quality between harvest treatments, while more pronounced differences favoring picked cotton were seen in carded-and-combed yarns. A cost-benefit analysis was conducted to determine the production scenarios in which picker and stripper harvesters were most appropriate. Results indicate that, if a producer has sufficient yields coupled with sufficient area to harvest per machine, picker harvesting is a more profitable alternative to producers of on the High Plains.

Faulkner, William B.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Functions of An Organization in an Indigenous Irrigation System: A Case Study From a Hill Village of Nepal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to comprehend physical and agronomic problems of irrigation without probing into the surrounding social organization and webs is like altcl1lpting to understand deficiencies in plant growth \\vithout reference to the conditions of climate. When water moves... efficiently from rivers. through networl\\ of canals. to plant root zones, it is because people have effectivel) organi/cd a decision system of enforcing technically sound rules for pursuing the collective interesl. Defects in the delivery and application...

Uprety, Laya Prasad

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The lighting of underground mines  

SciTech Connect

This book describes mine lighting problems. It is intended as a textbook on mine lighting knowledge, a reference book for people needing information on the subject, and as a design guide for mine personnel who lack specific training in lighting principles.

Trotter, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Lighting and the Bottom Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A discussion of the cost of light and how it relates to the cost of people. The new Illuminating Engineering Society recommended method of determining lighting levels will be explained. Also several ways of providing good lighting to increase productivity while saving energy and money will be included in this presentation.

Christensen, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Slow-light solitons revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate propagation of slow-light solitons in atomic media described by the nonlinear $\\Lambda$-model. Under a physical assumption, appropriate to the slow light propagation, we reduce the $\\Lambda$-scheme to a simplified nonlinear model, which is also relevant to 2D dilatonic gravity. Exact solutions describing various regimes of stopping slow-light solitons can then be readily derived.

A. V. Rybin; I. P. Vadeiko; A. R. Bishop

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

413

Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent task lamp. The prototype used commercially available materials: 1watt light emitting diodes to the mounting board. Development of LightEmitting Diode Task Lamp using Advanced Technologies: Prototype 2 lightemitting diode task lamp. The problem of developing an energy efficient light emitting diode task lamp

414

Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/or daylighting availability. Advanced Lighting Luminaries and Systems consisted of four projects focused· · · · · · Energy-Related Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Environmentally Preferred Advanced and costs. Demand Responsive Lighting Systems comprised three projects that developed advanced lighting

415

Red light, green light | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Red light, green light Red light, green light Red light, green light Posted: December 4, 2013 - 6:28pm After the National Nuclear Security Administration signaled Y-12 to begin resuming full operations after a potential furlough, Production Vice President Bill Tindal said Production had two objectives: refocus production employees on safety, security and quality, and ensure preparedness for normal operations. "It's tempting to jump right back in when you get the green light," Tindal said. "We were in an abnormal state that really shook people. Focusing on people came first." Production began with return-to-work briefings. "During the briefings, we asked employees what they were concerned about, what was causing them stress," Tindal said. "Another concept from the briefing was the theme

416

Comparing Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Street and Area Lighting to Traditional Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Manufacturing advances have now made the use of light-emitting diode (LED) technology practical for street and area lighting. To better understand the application, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) teamed with Southern Company and Gulf Power to install LED street lights at a demonstration site and measure their performance. The data showed several disadvantages for the LED lights, such as a lower efficacy compared to traditional technology and lower immunity to electrical disturbances, but an ...

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

417

Comparing Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Street and Area Lighting to Traditional Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and Benton County Electric System partnered with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to launch an investigation into the use of LED technology for area lighting. The goal of the projectcalled the LED Street and Area Lighting Demonstrationwas to discover a better light bulb, one that not only meets the outdoor lighting requirements of consumers, but also uses less electricity in doing so. This case study discusses the results of ...

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

418

Lighting Group: Controls and Communications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communications Communications Controls and Communications The Controls and Communications research activity investigates how digital technologies, such as Bluetooth, can be applied to building lighting control systems to increase building efficiency and improve occupant comfort and productivity. Projects range from embedded device networks applied to building lighting systems, to WiFi and environmental sensing and monitoring. light switch Current Projects IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System) Wireless Lighting Controls (with DUST Networks) HPCBS Advanced Digital Controls Building Control Systems Integration Completed Projects CEC Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Projects 450 Golden Gate Project New Publications Standardizing Communication Between Lighting Devices: A Role for

419

Light Neutralinos in the NMSSM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model neutralino dark matter candidates in the (1-15) GeV range are found with a Markov Chain Monte Carlo scanning code. A very light, singlet-like Higgs and/or CP-odd Higgs is needed in order to achieve such light masses. Light scalar Higgses can yield large direct detection cross sections, suitable for an account of the recent claims for signals. Neutralino annihilations via resonant light pseudoscalar Higgs exchanges can overproduce the indirect yield of gamma-rays from dwarf spheroidal galaxies. Hence, direct and indirect detection experiments probe different configurations of the NMSSM with a light neutralino DM candidate.

Vsquez, Daniel Albornoz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Image-Based Lighting Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a lighting design framework for neardiffuse real objects, starting from a set of prerecorded photographs of an object under various lighting conditions. Light sources are placed at fixed positions around an object, for which the intensities are to be determined. Using existing digital imaging software, the lighting designer paints the desired illumination distribution on a photograph of an object. This painted-on illumination is used to determine the light intensities which produce a shading of the real object matching the desired illumination distribution. Certain areas in the painted image can be favored among others by weighting their importance in the optimization algorithm.

F. Anrys; P. Dutr

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Commercial Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Commercial Lighting At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and algorithms, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Lab developed an occupancy sensor can recognize the presence of human occupants more than 90 percent of the time -- an advancement that could lead to enormous energy savings in commercial buildings. At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and

422

Energy-efficient lighting for the home  

SciTech Connect

This is a guide to energy efficient residential lighting systems. Topics include discussion of the types of bulbs available; lighting basics about how light is produced; light quality; flicker and buzz of lighting systems; how to arrange the lights and which one goes where; additional hints on using lighting.

Byrne, J.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Thermal Imaging of Canals for Remote Detection of Leaks: Evaluation in the United Irrigation District  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes our initial analysis of the potential of thermal imaging for detecting leaking canals and pipelines. Thermal imagery (video format) was obtained during a fly over of a portion of the main canal of United Irrigation District. The video was processed to produce individual images, and 45 potential sites were identified as having possible canal leakage problems (see Appendix I for all 45 thermal images). District Management System Team personnel traveled to 11 of the 45 sites to determine if canal leakage was actually occurring. Of the 11 sites, 10 had leakage problems. Thus, thermal image analysis had a success rate of 91% for leak detection. Two sites had leaks classified as severe by the DMS Team. This report also provides a detailed analysis of 4 sites, 3 with leaks and 1 without. For each site, photographs are included showing the source of the leak and/or condition of the canal segment. A literature review of thermal imagery for leak detection is included in Appendix II. Our findings and recommendations are as following: 1. thermal imaging is a promising technique for evaluation of canal conditions and leak detection; 2. the district provide should provide personnel to help the DMS Team verify the remaining 34 sites; and 3. the district should consider correcting the problems identified at sites 7 and 8.

Huang, Yanbo; Fipps, Guy

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Wind power application for low flow irrigation from the Edwards-Trinity aquifer of West Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attempts were made to reduce the cost of energy for irrigation in West Texas. To do this two wind turbines of 10 kW size were installed in Garden City and Stiles, Texas to pump water. The turbines were installed on 30 m towers. The pumping water head at Garden City and Stiles were 48 m and 80 m, respectively.A double Fourier series analysis of wind speed characteristics was done to better predict wind speed for the test areas and the use of a N=3 and M=7 harmonic term was suggested for this region. A relationship of flow pumped from a wind powered pumping system was developed to better predict flow rate based on available wind speed and pumping water depth data.The economic analysis of this system showed that if the local utility sold power at rate of $0.09kWh then a wind powered pumping system can be economically feasible if the cost of a 10 kW wind turbine was less than $5000 payable over 30 years at 5% interest rate. The current cost of such a system is $30,000, making it prohibitively expensive. However, such a system may become a more economical alternative as the cost of electricity increases and the cost of the turbines decrease.

Molla, Saiful Islam

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Cornell University Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Lighting Quality Electric Lighting Quality The CUSD lighting design team utilized energy efficient products that meshed well with our daylighting scheme. We chose to use fluorescent tubes or compact fluorescent bulbs with an energy consumption of between 15 and 30 Watts throughout the house. The ballasts for all lamps dim to a 1% light output, so the interior and exterior lights can be adjusted as the level of available daylight fluctuates. Light sensors have been placed in front of our two largest apertures, allowing us to control how much artificial light is supplied to each space. The control of our ballasts is intricate, but refined and tested to avoid dysfunctional dimming or switching. While automatic controls are included, manual user overrides are provided in case the occupant prefers

426

Solid-State Lighting: Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations to someone by Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Presentations This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshops, as well as links to reference materials. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Workshop Presentations, Materials and Reports November 2013: Presentations from DOE SSL Market Introduction Workshop

427

Avista Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable Sector Commercial Eligible Technologies Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy...

428

Ameren Illinois - Lighting Rebates for Businesses (Illinois)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies CustomOthers pending approval, Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, LED Exit Signs, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy...

429

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercial Buildinghas analyzed lighting energy usage across different buildings La Figure 9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercial Building

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Wisconsin Power & Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power & Light Co (Redirected from Wisconsin Power and Light Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Wisconsin Power & Light Co Place Madison, Wisconsin Utility Id 20856 Utility...

431

Background Overview of Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

light sources Dramatic changes are unfolding in lighting technology. Semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), until recently used mainly as simple indicator lamps in...

432

`Electronic Eye' Improves Accuracy in Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... candela standard will help the lighting industry meet ... a light source to a light detector as a ... manufacturers can still purchase standard bulbs from NIST ...

433

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003 Data] Figure 9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercialhas analyzed lighting energy usage across different buildings La Figure 9: Lighting Energy Usage for Commercial Building

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Types Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Typical Lighting Control Applications...

435

Varon Lighting Group LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Varon Lighting Group LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Varon Lighting Group LLC Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60126 Product Chicago-based manufacturer of energy-efficient lighting...

436

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 3.0 Previous Experience with Demand Responsive Lighting11 4.3. Prevalence of Lighting13 4.4. Impact of Title 24 on Lighting

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCES Task Report to Lighting Systems Research,Berkeley Laboratory, "Lighting Control System Market1980). Task Report to Lighting Systems Research, Lawrence

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Artificial Night Lighting Catherine Rich and Travisof artificial night lighting. This book provides editedage of modern urban lighting was ushered in. Coincidentally,

Piselli, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Philips Lumileds Lighting Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of high-power LEDs and solid-state lighting solutions for automotive lighting, computer displays, LCD televisions, signs and signaling and architectural lighting. References...

440

Measuring Light Reflectance of BGO Crystal Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carlo program simulating light propagation in isotropic orTermsLambertian reflection, light collection, Monte Carloy-axis) and fraction specular light (right y- axis) for a

Janecek, Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Light propagation and Imaging in Indefinite Metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photolithography by polarized light, Applied PhysicsZhang, Imaging visible light using anisotropic metamaterialcross-sectional review of the light propagation of TE mode (

Yao, Jie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provide a low-energy standby light level while another,through high CRI LEDs for standby lighting in many interioruse LEDs today for standby lighting purposes. Conventional

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Advanced Lighting Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre, Minnesota Zip 56378 Product Advanced Lighting Systems (ALS) provides a number of LED and fiber optic lighting solutions. It was acquired by Nexxus Lighting in September...

444

Break-Even Investment in a Wind Energy Conversion System for an Irrigated Farm on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to quantify the benefits of using a wind energy system for irrigation. The value of wind energy was estimated on both a static basis (where the annual value of wind power was assumed to be constant over the life of the machine) and on a temporal basis (where the annual value of wind power was estimated recursively). The model for static analysis contained two components which were applied consecutively. The first was a linear programming (LP) model for the High Plains region. Production activities were included which allowed both optimal and non-optimal timing of post-plant irrigations, giving the producer added flexibility in the employment of limiting water resources. The optimal irrigation schedule determined by the LP solution was used as input to the second component. A simulation model matched stochastically generated estimates of wind power availability with irrigation fuel requirements (derived from the profit maximizing irrigation schedule) by three-hour time periods throughout a year. For the temporal analysis, a Fortran subroutine was added to the LP model to operate the model recursively over the life of the wind system and to account for the annual decline of the aquifer. Both fixed and variable costs were included. The basic LP model was applied to develop the benchmark case (i.e., without wind power). The farm operation with wind power was analyzed by applying the LP model with the monthly expectations of wind-generated electricity added. Two wind machines were analyzed, with rate outputs of 40 to 60 kilowatts (KW). Each was applied to the Northern and Southern Texas High Plains over a range of land and water resource situations. Breakeven investment was estimated at discount rates of three, five and ten percent. Cropping patterns on the Southern High Plains were dominated by irrigated cotton and were insensitive to changes in crop or electricity prices. On the Northern High Plains, irrigated corn and grain sorghum were the major crops, with acreage reverting to dryland wheat at the higher electricity prices. The cropping patterns in this area were impacted heavily by labor restrictions. Consideration of wind power had little effect in determining optimal cropping patterns. When wind power was applied to an irrigated farm on a static basis, the set of crop prices applied had little effect on the annual value of a wind system. Value of wind power was increased, but by smaller proportions than associated increases in the price of electricity. Each machine size had a greater value when operated on the larger of the two applicable land units (100 acres for the 40 KW machine and 144 acres for the 60 KW system). The 60 KW system was also tested on the 100 acre unit but returned less per KW than the 40 KW system. Available wind power in the temporal analysis was less than in the static analysis, thus temporal estimates of wind system value should be regarded as conservative. On the Southern High Plains, break-even investment was decreased slightly from the static analysis. However, in some situations on the Northern High Plains, break-even investment increased. This indicates that the value of wind power could increase as the aquifer declines in some situations. Break-even investment increased by up to 80 percent when the price of electricity was increased by $.005 per KWH per year. The most significant effect of wind power was that it allowed the maintenance of irrigation levels which, without wind power, had been made uneconomical. These results indicate that, at least in the future when wind system costs decrease and stabilize, wind-assisted irrigation could be an economically viable alternative for Texas High Plains producers. The results are limited by the need for future research regarding the effect of irrigation timing on crop yield as well as some of the long-term characteristics of wind system operation, such as durability and the requirements and costs for system repairs and maintenance.

Hardin, D. C.; Lacewell, R. D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: HID Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Systems Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and Related Controls for HID Lighting Systems Objective HID ballast The goal of this project is to evaluate the potential of electronic ballasts and related controls for HID lighting systems to improve the efficiency of current technology. The specific objectives of this project are to: Test, analyze and determine the potential of electronic ballasts for HID lighting systems in cooperation with manufacturers as an emerging energy efficient technology to reduce lighting loads in commercial, industrial and municipal applications. Identify control strategies to further improve the energy efficiency of these systems with a municipal partner. Provide appropriate recommendations for incorporating these technologies into current state codes and regulations.

446

National Synchrotron Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All Documents listed below are part of the Photon Sciences Directorate and All Documents listed below are part of the Photon Sciences Directorate and will be updated as needed. Photon Sciences ESH Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) SOP No. Standard Operating Procedure for: LS-ES-0002 Procedure for Acid Etching of Silicon and Germanium Crystals LS-ESH-0004 NSLS Operations Group Chemical Spill and Gas Release Response LS-ESH-0010 VUV Injection Shutter LOTO LS-ESH-0012 LINAC LOTO LS-ESH-0013 Controlled Access to the VUV Ring LS-ESH-0014 Radiation Safety Interlocks at the National Synchrotron Light Source LS-ESH-0019 Beam Line Configuration Control Checklist Requirements LS-ESH-0020 Biosafety Requirements at the NSLS LS-ESH-0021 Biosafety Level 2 work at the NSLS/ A Technical Basis LS-ESH-0022 Beam Line Configuration Control Checklist Requirements

447

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

448

Light Meson Distribution Amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculated the first two moments of the light-cone distribution amplitudes for the pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$ and $K$) and the longitudinally polarised vector mesons ($\\rho$, $K^*$ and $\\phi$) as part of the UKQCD and RBC collaborations' $N_f=2+1$ domain-wall fermion phenomenology programme. These quantities were obtained with a good precision and, in particular, the expected effects of $SU(3)$-flavour symmetry breaking were observed. Operators were renormalised non-perturbatively and extrapolations to the physical point were made, guided by leading order chiral perturbation theory. The main results presented are for two volumes, $16^3\\times 32$ and $24^3\\times 64$, with a common lattice spacing. Preliminary results for a lattice with a finer lattice spacing, $32^3\\times64$, are discussed and a first look is taken at the use of twisted boundary conditions to extract distribution amplitudes.

R. Arthur; P. A. Boyle; D. Brmmel; M. A. Donnellan; J. M. Flynn; A. Jttner; H. Pedroso de Lima; T. D. Rae; C. T. Sachrajda; B. Samways

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

449

Radioluminescent lighting for Alaskan runway lighting and marking  

SciTech Connect

Alaska and other far northern areas have special logistical, environmental, and economic problems that make radioluminescent (RL) lighting applications, especially in the area of airport lighting, an attractive alternative to electrical systems and flare pots. Tests and demonstrations of prototype systems conducted in Alaska over the past two years have proved the basic technological worth of RL airport lighting systems for civilian and military use. If regulatory issues and other factors identified during these tests can be favorably resolved and if the system and its components can be refined through production engineering, attractive applications for RL airfield lighting systems in Alaska and other remote locations could result.

Jensen, G.A.; Leonard, L.E.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Alternatives in light & space: rethinking public lighting in shared spaces.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study reconsiders current public lighting design and suggests alternative practices that were determined through a case study involving a main street shopping strip. Using (more)

Smitka, D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Realistic Lighting in Autodesk Maya with Mental Ray Area Light.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The knowledge on how to create realistic lighting in computer graphics is one part that sets a realistic scene apart from one that can (more)

Larsson, Nichlas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Webcasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environment to compare the performance of conventional fluorescent troffers with T8 LED tube retrofits, LED retrofit kits, and dedicated LED troffers. Adaptive Street Lighting...

453

Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Niche Lighting Applications Prepared for: Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Navigant...

454

Enhanced Light Extraction from Organic Light Emitting Diodes  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a soft lithography microlens fabrication and array that enables more efficient organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), improving their commercial viability.

455

Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frank Cerio, Veeco Instruments Advanced Epi Tools for Gallium Nitride Light Emitting Diode Devices Vivek Agrawal, Applied Materials Driving Down HB-LED Costs:...

456

Light Sources Directorate Strategic Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Sources Directorate Light Sources Directorate Strategic Plan December 2009 Light Sources Directorate Strategic Plan December 2009 ii | Vision and Mission Light Sources Directorate Strategic Plan The VISION of the Light Sources Directorate is: to be a provider of choice for world-class photon science and facilities that deliver outstanding scientific productivity and impact, and to be recognized as a leader in developing innovative techniques and ap- plications of photon science Our MISSION is defined by the set of activities that are required to realize this vision: to advance scientific knowledge and to solve critical problems through the design, construction, operation, and use of premier photon science facilities | Table of Contents Light Sources Directorate Strategic Plan

457

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

SciTech Connect

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

458

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

459

Energy Basics: Low-Pressure Sodium Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Low-Pressure Sodium Lighting Low-pressure sodium lighting provides more energy-efficient outdoor lighting than high-intensity discharge lighting, but it has very poor color...

460

Analysis of light transport in scattering media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new method to analyze light transport in homogeneous scattering media. The incident light undergoes multiple bounces in translucent objects, and produces a complex light field. Our method analyzes the light ...

Mukaigawa, Yasuhiro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Solid-State Lighting: NewsDetail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting: NewsDetail on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: NewsDetail on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: NewsDetail on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

462

Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: Solidstate lighting, LED, light emitting diode, indirect downlight, energy efficiency #12;viii, advanced light emitting diode downlighting system. Performance objectives included compliance with ENERGY an advanced light emitting diode downlight system, retooling the traditional downlight and optimizing

463

Stored light and released fiction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the interpretation of the experimental results reported in the publication "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor" by D.F.Phillips et al., Phys. Rev.Lett. 86, 783 (2001) [quant-ph/0012138] is incorrect. The experimental observation of this paper can be consistently explained in the framework of standard concepts of the physics of optical pumping and has nothing to do with "storage of light", or "dynamic reduction of the group velocity", or "light pulse compression".

Alexandrov, E B

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Stored light and released fiction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the interpretation of the experimental results reported in the publication Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor" by D.F.Phillips et al., Phys. Rev.Lett. 86, 783 (2001) is incorrect. The experimental observation of this paper can be consistently explained in the framework of standard concepts of the physics of optical pumping and have nothing to do with "storage of light'', or "dynamic reduction of the group velocity'', or "light pulse compression''.

E. B. Alexandrov; V. S. Zapasskii

2003-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

Lighting energy management: a comprehensive approach  

SciTech Connect

This article points out the difference between lighting energy management and lighting energy conservation. The goal of lighting energy conservation is to develop a lighting system which consumes less energy, and thus saves money. Lighting energy management recognizes that lighting was installed for a purpose, so the goal becomes attaining more of that purpose while minimizing waste. The benefits of lighting energy management can go far beyond operation and maintenance (O and M) cost savings. If the lighting system provides less light than is needed, and/or provides low quality lighting, then new light will improve productivity.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Light-Like Noncommutativity, Light-Front Quantization and New Light on UV/IR Mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the problem of quantizing field theories on noncommutative Moyal spacetime with \\emph{light-like} noncommutativity. To tackle the issues arising from noncommuting and hence nonlocal time, we argue that for this case light-front quantization procedure should be employed. In this appropriate quantization scheme we perform the non-planar loop analysis for the light-like noncommutative field theories. One of the important and peculiar features of light-front quantization is that the UV cutoff of the light-cone Hamiltonian manifests itself as an IR cutoff for the light-cone momentum, $p^+$. Due to this feature, the naive results of covariant quantization for the light-like case allude to the absence of the UV/IR mixing in the light-front quantization. However, by a careful analysis of non-planar loop integrals we show that this is not the case and the UV/IR mixing persists. In addition, we argue in favour of the perturbative unitarity of light-like noncommutative field theories in the light-front quantization scheme.

M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari; A. Tureanu

2010-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

467

Duquesne Light Company - Residential Energy Efficiency Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Air conditioners, Clothes Washers, Dehumidifiers, Dishwasher, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, Pool Pumps, Programmable Thermostats,...

468

Localized light absorption by nanoscale semiconducting tips ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Localized light absorption ... constructive interference between transmitted light and internal reflections at resonant radii Page 14. ...

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

469

Light-matter Interactions in Semiconductor Nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light-matter interactions in Semiconductor Nanostructures. ... We investigate the interaction of light with semiconductor-based nanostructures. ...

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Quantum Nature of Light and Matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum Nature of Light and Matter. to explore fundamental aspects of the quantum nature of light and its interaction with ...

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

471

NIST PHYSICISTS USE LIGHT TO MAKE ULTRASMALL ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST PHYSICISTS USE LIGHT TO MAKE ULTRASMALL NANOSTRUCTURES. ... These structures are essentially ``contact prints'' of a light wave. ...

472

Baseline vs. Replacement High Bay Lighting Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient lighting has been a means to significant energy savings for many facilities around the world. New developments in fluorescent, induction, LED (light-emitting diode), and plasma lighting technologies have spurred various building managers to replace or retrofit existing lighting fixtures. These advances in lighting sources often allow conservation of electricity, better quality of light, and more flexibility in the control of light. However, these new lighting sources still have ...

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

473

Universal Lighting Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Universal Lighting Technologies develops, manufactures and markets energy efficient lighting technologies including HID, CFLs and ballasts. References Universal...

474

NVLAP Energy Efficient Lighting Products LAP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Efficient Lighting Products LAP. ... In addition, NIST Handbook 150-1 contains specific requirements for energy efficient lighting laboratories. ...

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

475

Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Eligibility Commercial Savings For Appliances &...

476

Integrated Envelope and Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends High Technology and Industrial Buildings Lighting Systems Residential Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations Windows...

477

EMC characteristics of lighting systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] This thesis examines Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) characteristics of lighting systems. The issues examined have become more significant with the rapid development of both (more)

Zegarac, Zoran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Distributed Control for Smart Lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this research, we investigate designing a smart lighting system. By extending and enhancing the centralized and distributed control algorithms we try to address the (more)

Phadke, Swanand Shripad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Charmonium and Light Meson Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This talk reviews recent experimental results on selected topics in the spectroscopy of charmonia, charmonium-like states and light mesons.

Kai Zhu

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

480

Electronics, Lighting and Networks Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronics, Lighting and Networks Group NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated until Congress approves...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "light turlock irrigation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Lighting Design By Simulated Annealing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a lighting design framework for glossy real objects, starting from the reflectance field of an object. Using existing digital imaging software, the lighting designer paints the desired illumination distribution on a photograph of an object. This painted-on illumination is used to determine the light intensities which produce a shading of the real object matching the desired illumination distribution. Certain areas in the painted image can be favored among others by weighting their importance in the optimization algorithm. Our optimization algorithm is driven by a simulated annealing approach to find fixed-sized lighting combinations and accompagnying intensities.

F. Anrys; P. Dutr

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Columbia Water & Light- Solar Rebates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Water & Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and residential customers for the purchase of solar water heaters and solar photovoltaic systems. These rebates are available for...

483

Light: in response to time.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Light can be described as the sensation aroused by stimulation of the visual organs; making vision possible. Being predominately visual beings, understanding the power of (more)

VAUGHN, CHAD DEAN

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Coupling light to periodic nanostructures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes coupling of light to periodic structures. A material is patterned with a regular pattern on a length scale comparable to the wavelength (more)

Driessen, Eduard Frans Clemens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The solar LED street light.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this essay is to analyze the component of the solar LED street lighting, such as structure, principle, characteristics and precautions for installation (more)

Ma, Hao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Visible Light Photoreduction of CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2013 Opportunity Research is currently active on the patent-pending technology "Visible Light Photoreduction of CO 2 Using Heterostructured...

487

Lighting Group: Controls: Wireless Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless Controls Wireless Lighting Control System (with DUST Networks) Objective The project objectives are to: 1. Demonstrate that wireless technology can be cost-effectively...

488

Lighting networks: A new approach for designing lighting algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past, new global illumination algorithms have usually been designed as a single module that was responsible for the simulation of all aspects of illumination in a scene. A recently developed alternative is the design of small and specialized algorithms (lighting operators) together with an infrastructure for creating more complex algorithms by connecting these building blocks--the Lighting Network. In this paper, we discuss the benefits of the Lighting Network approach for designing new and improved global illumination algorithms. Lighting Networks not only provide a flexible infrastructure for new algorithms, they also support a better theoretic understanding of the lighting simulation process. We show that a small number of global light propagation operators already provides the basis for creating many of todays illumination algorithms. Their illumination results are converted into more suitable representations by purely local conversion operators that are specific to an illumination algorithm. Varying the composition of these operators and introducing new elements allows us to create and explore the benefits of new simulation algorithms. We demonstrate the potential of Lighting Networks with several examples, implementing a diverse set of algorithms, such as density estimation, irradiance gradients, and a composite lighting simulation.

Philipp Slusallek; Marc Stamminger; Hans-Peter Seidel

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building Title Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6171E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Fernandes, Luis L., Eleanor S. Lee, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, and Andrew McNeil Journal Energy and Buildings Volume 68 Issue A Pagination 498-514 Date Published 01/2014 Keywords Building energy-efficiency, daylighting, lighting control systems Abstract Digital addressable, dimmable lighting controls were introduced to the US market in the early 2000s with the promise of facilitating capture of potential energy savings with greater flexibility over their historic, typically unreliable, analog counterpart. The New York Times Company installed this emerging technology, after having tested the system thoroughly prior to procurement, in their new building in New York, New York. Four years after full occupancy in 2007, the owner agreed to participate in a post-occupancy monitored evaluation of the dimmable lighting system to verify actual performance in the field. Annual lighting energy savings from daylighting, setpoint tuning and occupancy controls were determined for the daylit, open-plan office areas on three typical floors (6, 11, and 20th floors) of the 51-story high-rise tower. Energy savings were calculated from ballast control signal and occupancy data recorded by the manufacturer's lighting control system. The ballast data were calibrated with independent measurements of lighting energy consumption. Savings from dimming controls (daylighting and setpoint tuning) were 12.6 kWh/m2-yr (1.17 kWh/ft2-yr) for the daylit spaces on the three floors overall, or 20%, relative to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. Compared to the prescriptive code in effect at the time of the building's construction (ASHRAE 90.1-2001), savings were 21.0 kWh/m2-yr (1.95 kWh/ft2-yr) or 28%. Annual lighting energy use with all lighting control strategies was 33.9 kWh/m2-yr (3.15 kWh/ft2-yr) in the daylit, open plan zones on average for the three floors. A simple payback analysis was conducted.

490

Advanced Light Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next >> Next >> Visitors Access to the ALS Gate Access guest-house Guest House lab-shuttles Lab Shuttles maps-and-directions Maps and Directions Parking Safety Safety for Users safety-for-staff Safety for Staff In Case of Emergency Resources Acronyms Multimedia Employment staff-intranet Staff Intranet Site Map Contact Digg: ALSBerkeleyLab Facebook Page: 208064938929 Flickr: advancedlightsource Twitter: ALSBerkeleyLab YouTube: AdvancedLightSource January 2014 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Recent Science Highlights Minding the Gap Makes for More Efficient Solar Cells Using novel materials to develop thin, flexible, and more efficient photovoltaic cells is one of the hottest topics in current materials research. A class of transition metals undergo a dramatic change that makes them ideal for solar energy applications.

491

Lighting Group: People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People People Lighting Group Staff Phone Mailstop Email Group Leader [area code 510] Rubinstein, Francis 486-4096 90R3111 FMRubinstein@lbl.gov Staff Scientists Berman, Sam 5682 90R3111 Clear, Robert 486-4286 90R3111 RDClear@lbl.gov Research Associates Enscoe, Abby (510) 486 6077 90R3111 AIEnscoe@lbl.gov Fritz, Randolph M. (510) 495 2532 90R3111 RFritz@lbl.gov Ghatikar, Gi