Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Evolution of sex-biased maternal effects in birds: I. Sex-specific resource allocation among simultaneously growing oocytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alloca- tion of nutrients and hormones among eggs of a single clutch represent a passive consequence a passive consequence of maternal reproductive constraint or is it a manifesta- tion of maternal ability of house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) where strongly sex-biased maternal effects are favoured by natural

Badyaev, Alex

2

Regional effects of age and sex in magnetic resonance spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective To determine the regional effects of age and sex on the metabolic ratios obtained in the medial temporal lobe, the posteromedial region, and the frontal lobe at 1.5 T single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Material and methods We used single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study the areas of the brain most affected in neurodegenerative disease (the left frontal lobe, the left medial temporal lobe, and the posteromedial region) in 31 healthy subjects older than 55 years of age (group 1) and in 20 healthy subjects under 30 years of age (group 2). We calculated the following ratios for each voxel: N-acetyl-aspartate/creatine-phosphocreatine (NAA/Cr), N-acetylaspartate/ choline (NAA/Cho), N-acetyl-aspartate /myoinositol (NAA/mI), choline/ creatine-phosphocreatine (Cho/Cr), and myoinositol (mI/Cr). We compared the metabolic ratios in each region in each group and the correlation between age and the ratios within age ranges. Finally, we analyzed the differences in the metabolic ratios between groups and between sexes. Results In group 1, we found negative correlations between age and Cho/Cr in the frontal region and NAA/mI in the temporal region. In group 2, we found negative correlations between age and mI/Cr and NAA/Cho in the temporal region as well as a positive correlation between age and NAA/mI in the temporal region. In the frontal lobe and the posteromedial region, NAA/ Cr, NAA/Cho, and NAA/mI were lower in group 1 (P ? 0.003). No differences between groups were seen in Cho/Cr or mI/Cr. The values of the ratios differed regionally in all cases (P < 0.001). In the temporal lobe, NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr were higher in women (P ? 0.034). Conclusions When using single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy, especially in patients with neurodegenerative disease, variations due to region, age, and sex should always be taken into account.

J.M. García Santos; L.J. Fuentes; J.B. Vidal; M. Antequera; S. Torres Del Río; C. Antúnez; G. Ortega

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Effects of Age and Sex on Pure?Tone Thresholds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent developments have emphasized the need for an adequate reference level from which to assess the degree of noise?induced hearing loss. The purpose of the present study was to determine the threshold of hearing for pure tones on a large sample of subjects (N = 500) drawn from a population exposed to minimal levels of industrial noise. Four age groups were studied: 18 to 24 26 to 32 34 to 40 and 43 to 49 years inclusive. Threshold measurements were made from 250 to 8000 cps on a Beltone audiometer provided with PDR?8 earphones calibrated in a National Bureau of Standards Coupler 9?A. The threshold data were analyzed by age groups ear and sex in terms of three types of distributions: (1) original distributions which contained the data for all subjects tested; (2) screened distributions which contained the data only for subjects who passed rigid screening criteria related to otological disorders and extent of noise exposure; and (3) truncated distributions which contained only data ±15 db from the mode of the screen distributions. The results of the study indicate that in general only minor differences (less than 5 db) exist between ears but that women have more sensitive and less variable hearing than men. The sex difference is independent of age and appears to be more marked at the higher frequencies. Although the effects of age are clearly evident for both men and women there is limited agreement between the curves of presbycousis of the present study and those proposed by the American Standards Association. The suggestion is offered that future audiometric standards be specified independently for men and for women according to particular age levels. [This research was supported by the United States Air Force under Contract AF 33(616)?2626 monitored by the Bio?Acoustics Branch Aero?Medical Laboratory Wright Air Development Center Ohio.

John F. Corso

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The role of estrogen in turtle sex determination and the effect of PCBs  

SciTech Connect

Gonadal sex is fixed at fertilization by specific chromosomes, a process known as genotypic sex determination (GSD). Only after the gonad is formed do hormones begin to exert an influence that modifies specific structures that eventually will differ between the sexes. Many egg-laying reptiles do not exhibit GSD but rather depend on the temperature of the incubating egg to determine the gonadal sex of the offspring, a process termed temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Research on TSD indicates that gonadal sex is not irrevocably set by the genetic composition inherited at fertilization but depends ultimately on which genes encoding for steroidogenic enzymes and hormone receptors are activated during the midtrimester of embryonic development by temperature. Incubation temperature modifies the activity as well as the temporal and spatial sequence of enzymes and hormone receptors to determine gonad type. Estrogen is the physiologic equivalent of incubation temperature and the proximate cue that initiates female sex determination. increasing evidence indicates some polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) compounds are capable of disrupting reproductive and endocrine function in fish, birds, and mammals, including humans. Reproductive disorders resulting from exposure to these xenobiotic compounds may include reductions in fertility, hatch rate in fish and birds, and viability of offspring, as well as alterations in hormone levels or adult sexual behaviors. Research on the mechanism through which these compounds may be acting to alter reproductive function indicates estrogenic activity, by which the compounds may be altering sexual differentiation. In TSD turtles, the estrogenic effect of some PCBs reverses gonadal sex in individuals incubating at an otherwise male-producing temperature. Furthermore, certain PCBs are synergistic in their effect at very low concentrations. 19 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Crews, D.; Bergeron, J.M. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); McLachlan, J.A. [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

POPULATION ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER The effects of sex, age and breeding success on breeding dispersal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ficedula hypoleuca Á Heavy metal pollution Á Reproductive success Á Site fidelity Introduction Breeding hypoleuca) around a point source of heavy metals (a copper smelter). We tested for the effects of sex, age of an insectivorous bird, the pied fly- catcher (Ficedula hypoleuca Pallas), around a point source of heavy metals (a

Laaksonen, Toni

6

Effect of Sex-Sorted Sperm Dosage on Conception Rates in Holstein Heifers and Lactating Cows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ejaculates were collected by artificial vagina from 3 Holstein sires and sorted to 90% purity for X-chromosome-bearing spermatozoa (range 88 to 93%) using flow cytometry. Sorted sperm were diluted to 2.1, 3.5, or 5.0 × 106 sperm per dose in an egg yolk (20%), Tris, glycerol (7%) extender. Collections were repeated until >600 straws per sperm dose per sire were obtained. Each sperm dose was loaded into color-coded 0.25-mL French straws, with alternate colors used to define treatments across sires. Within sires, straws were packaged at 9 per cane (3 of each color) and strategically allocated to 75 Holstein herds with targets for 50% use in heifers and 50% in lactating cows. Straw color was recorded in the on-farm record-keeping system at the time of insemination. Data were analyzed separately for cows and heifers. Among heifers, a total of 2,125 usable records were retrieved from 51 herds (238 ± 5.5 services/ sperm dose per sire, range: 218 to 263). Conception rates in heifers were influenced by the sire × sperm dosage interaction. Within sire A, conception rates of heifers were greater for the 5 × 106 (59.5%) than for the 2.1 × 106 (46.4%) sperm dose and intermediate for the 3.5 × 106 sperm dose (52.2%). However, across sires, sperm dosage had no effect on heifer conception rates (46.7, 51.2, and 52.5% for the 2.1, 3.5, and 5.0 × 106 sperm dosages, respectively). Among cows, a total of 2,369 services were retrieved from 56 herds (263 ± 8.8 services/sperm dose per sire, range: 233 to 303). Conception rates of cows (29.4%) were not affected by sire or sperm dosage (27.0, 29.1, and 30.3% for the 2.1, 3.5, and 5.0 × 106 sperm dosages, respectively). In conclusion, these data indicate that an increased sperm dosage may enhance virgin heifer conception rates for some (but not all) sires, whereas neither sire nor sexed-sperm dosage affected conception rates of lactating cows. Additional studies of sexed-sperm dosage across a larger sampling of bulls are warranted to determine whether and how such a practice can be implemented cost effectively for the benefit of the dairy industry.

J.M. DeJarnette; R.L. Nebel; C.E. Marshall; J.F. Moreno; C.R. McCleary; R.W. Lenz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Femtosecond and coherent effects in bulk CdSe and CdSexS1-x doped glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

researchers have produced crystallites of CdS, CdSe and CuCI, as small at 12 A in diameter, with relatively1711 Femtosecond and coherent effects in bulk CdSe and CdSexS1-x doped glasses N. Peyghambarian-1715 DÃ?CEMBRE 1987, PAGE 1711 Classification Physics Abstracts 42.65 - 42.70G Glasses doped with Cd

Boyer, Edmond

8

Sexing Swans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sexing Swans Sexing Swans Name: RON Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We live on the chesapeake bay, For the past 3 weeks we have a beautiful white swan at or pier every nite. The largest bird I have ever been that close to. He waits for me to come out and feed him after dinner.We have raised a couple of baby ducks and releised them. My wife and I are fighting over a name. (male or female) I say he is a male because of his personalty. that really pis--- her off.can you tell me for real how we can tell. P.S. please excuse my spelling and launage. I am not a computer person ,just happen to have one and am trying to learn how to use it. I can,t type either. Replies: There is no easy way visually to tell male from female swans, behavior within the pair would be about the only clue you could get by observing the birds in the wild

9

Expressive participation in Internet social movements: Testing the moderating effect of technology readiness and sex on student SNS use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An understanding of students’ use of social networking sites (SNS) for expressive participation in Internet Social Movements (ISMs) is absent in the literature on the social psychology of student social networking behavior. Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) as a theoretical framework and survey data collected from 214 students in Spain, we empirically test the UTAUT theory in this context. Our results confirm that effort expectancy, social influence, and performance expectancy significantly affect students’ intentions to use SNS for expressive participation in Internet social movements. We also test the moderating effect of students’ sex and Technology Readiness (TR) on these UTAUT relationships. Our results show that the intention to use SNS is strongly influenced by effort expectancy for female students and students with self-reported low-levels of technology readiness. For male students and students with self-reportinghigh-levels of technology readiness, the relationship is strongly influenced by social influence. The implications of our findings for theory and practice are discussed.

Juan D. Borrero; Shumaila Y. Yousafzai; Uzma Javed; Kelly L. Page

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Prejudice in the evaluation of job applicants via two modes of presentation: the effects of age, sex, health, work status, and subject sex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPENDIX 8 APPENDIX C APPENDIX D 19 19 22 26 27 31 32 53 58 91 100 107 124 1Z6 129 135 1X Page APPENDIX E. APPENDIX F. APPENDIX G. APPENDIX H. APPENDIX I. APPENDIX J. APPENDIX K. VITA. 139 143 152 159 213 223 232 236... are negative, and that internalization of any stereotypes is mediated by the individual 's previous self-concept. However, they do admit that negative stereotypes of the aged do exist, are abundant, and may indeed have an effect on the sel f...

Manson, Sapir

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

11

Expressive participation in Internet social movements: Testing the moderating effect of technology readiness and sex on student SNS use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An understanding of students' use of social networking sites (SNS) for expressive participation in Internet Social Movements (ISMs) is absent in the literature on the social psychology of student social networking behavior. Using the Unified Theory of ... Keywords: Gender, Internet social movement, Sex, Social networking sites, Technology readiness, UTAUT

Juan D. Borrero; Shumaila Y. Yousafzai; Uzma Javed; Kelly L. Page

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Maternal employment, sibling sex, and sex-role differentiation in Costa Rican preschoolers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, California: Stanford U. Press, 1966. Maccoby, E. E. , & Jacklin, C. N. The svcholo of sex differences. Palo Alto, California: Stanford U. Press, 1974. Marantz, S. A. , & Mansfield, A. F. Maternal employment and the develop- ment of sex-role stereotyping... rearin Palo Alto, California: Stanford U. Press, 1965. Seegmiller, B. R. Sex-role differentiation in preschoolers: Effects of maternal employment. The Journal of Ps cholo , 1980, 104, 185-189. Slaby, R. G. Personal communication to E. E. Maccoby and C...

Kriebel-Coronado, Anna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Frogs that change sex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frogs that change sex Frogs that change sex Name: Mike A Smola Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why can frogs (some species) change sex? Replies: This is a complex subject. Several studies have exposed some of the answers to this question, but a definitive answer is yet to be made. It all boils down to the level of which genes are activated. Studies have shown that the sex chromosomes are not necessarily the determining factor. The traditional display of a female is when an individual has two X chromosomes present. When one of these genes is a Y, it is a male. This tends to be the case for most organisms that sport individuals that are different sexes. However, the Y chromosomes has been almost always a male determining chromosome, but with molecular biology and genetic engineering techniques, a male can be made from a XX combination and females have developed from XY combinations. These are extremely rare, but they have given insight to the fact that there are other factors beside X and Y chromosomes that determine sex, probably a gene found in both chromosomes.

14

Studies on the Pathogenesis of Plasma Cell Tumors: Effects of Sex Hormones on the Development of Plasma Cell Tumors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...control males treated with mineral oil only (28/30, 93%) than females...months after the initial injection of oil. The peak incidence is about 10 months in male...female mice after the initial mineral oil injection. Effects of Suspending...

Kintomo Takakura; Hisashi Yamada; Arthur H. Weber; and Vincent P. Hollander

1967-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Sexing of Live Rabbit Blastocysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , E. J., New Engl. J. Med., 275, 715 (1966).Riis, P., and Fuchs, F., in The Sex Chromatin (edit. by Moore ...

R. G. EDWARDS; R. L. GARDNER

1967-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

16

Sex Differences in Ethanol’s Anxiolytic Effect and Chronic Ethanol Withdrawal Severity in Mice with a Null Mutation of the 5?-Reductase Type 1 Gene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manipulation of endogenous levels of the GABAergic neurosteroid allopregnanolone alters sensitivity to some effects of ethanol. Chronic ethanol withdrawal decreases activity and expression of 5?-...Srd5a1). The p...

Michelle A. Tanchuck-Nipper; Matthew M. Ford; Anna Hertzberg…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The role of male-male relationships in partner violence treatment groups: the effects of improving same sex relationships on attachment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with partner abusers, due to the unique environment that is created where males interact with and establish relationships with other males. This male-male socialization may have potential positive effects on the course and outcome of therapy. This study sought...

Barnes, Ashley D.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Feasibility Study of silkworm pupa sex identification with pattern matching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silkworm sex identification is one of the important processes in the sericulture industry because it can assist in effectively separating strong and healthy silkworm pupae from the weak ones. In this paper, we study and show that a desired moderate accuracy ... Keywords: Agri-photonics, Normalized cross correlation, Optical sensors, Pattern matching, Sericulture, Silkworm pupae

Chakkrit Kamtongdee; Sarun Sumriddetchkajorn; Chiranut Sa-Ngiamsak

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

High beach temperatures increased female-biased primary sex ratios but reduced output of female hatchlings in the leatherback turtle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sex of offspring in most turtles is determined by temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). In sea turtles, higher incubation temperatures produce female hatchlings and primary sex ratios are often highly female-biased. Because of the current rate of climate warming, highly female-biased sex ratios have raised concern among scientists and managers because populations might become too female biased for genetic viability. We tested the effects of higher incubation temperatures on embryo and hatchling mortality and on sex ratios in a population of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in the eastern Pacific. The long-term study provided a large sample size in a location influenced by El Niño Southern Oscillation that resulted in highly variable climatic conditions between seasons. High temperatures reduced emergence success. Output of female hatchlings increased with incubation temperature as it reached the upper end of the transitional range (range of temperatures that produce both sexes) (30 °C) and decreased afterwards because high temperatures increased mortality of ‘female clutches’. Effect of temperature on female hatchling output lessened female-biased sex ratios from 85% female primary sex ratios to 79% secondary sex ratios (sex ratios of total number of hatchlings emerged). If male turtles reproduce more often than females, operational sex ratios will be closer to 1:1. Female-biased primary sex ratios should not raise concerns by default, but climate change may still threaten populations by reducing hatchling output and increasing frequency of seasons with 100% female production. Clutch relocation to cooler conditions may alter sex ratios and should be used cautiously unless temperatures are so high that no hatchlings survive. In addition, it is unknown what differential survival of male versus female hatchlings may have on the eventual adult sex ratio after they enter the ocean and disperse.

Pilar Santidrián Tomillo; Daniel Oro; Frank V. Paladino; Rotney Piedra; Annette E. Sieg; James R. Spotila

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

E-Print Network 3.0 - age size sex Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

anbe.2002.1970, available online at http:www.idealibrary.com on Summary: examined the effect of body size, male age, female age and pair bond duration on brood sex ratio......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Replacing Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES I N T E R N A T I O N rights violations and to develop practical solutions to those problems using interdisciplinary, San Francisco. #12;Replacing Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES JUNE

Butler, Laurie J.

22

Sequence of the chicken sex chromosomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In birds, as in mammals, the chromosome complement determines sex. Male birds are designated ZZ, female ZW. Mammals have the opposite system; males are XY and females XX. Both the avian ZW and mammalian XY pair are believed ...

Bellott, Daniel Winston

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

PCBs as environmental estrogens: Turtle sex determination as a biomarker of environmental contamination  

SciTech Connect

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread, low-level environmental pollutants associated with adverse health effects such as immune suppression and teratogenicity. There is increasing evidence that some PCB compounds are capable of disrupting reproductive and endocrine function in fish, birds, and mammals, including humans, particularly during development. Research on the mechanism through which these compounds act to alter reproductive function indicates estrogenic activity, whereby the compounds may be altering sexual differentiation. Here we demonstrate the estrogenic effect of some PCBs by reversing gonadal sex in a reptile species that exhibits temperature-dependent sex determination. 17 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Bergeron, J.M.; Crews, D. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)); McLachlan, J.A. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Sex and Gender in Natural Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gender is described. Finally, a few general comments are hazarded on the difficult question of the relation between sex and gender. The paper closes with a discussion of recent puristic efforts by the feminist movement in the U.S. to rid English of what...

Percival, W. Keith

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sex differences in intimate relationships Vasyl Palchykov1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sex differences in intimate relationships Vasyl Palchykov1 , Kimmo Kaski1 , Janos Kerte´sz1 mobile phone dataset to demonstrate striking sex differences in the gender-bias of preferred relationships that reflect the way the reproductive investment strategies of both sexes change across

26

Sex Selection and Gender Balance Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sex ratios, and the problem of "missing women" (Sen, 1990), a problem that was already noted-killer".1 Modern medicine has aggravated the problem by facilitating selection for boys. The development possible, permitting sex selective abortion. Sex selective abortion is illegal in China and India

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

27

FResHU F3 Green Symposia Series #6 Acquisition of neo-sex chromosomes and sex-determining system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FResHU F3 Green Symposia Series #6 Acquisition of neo-sex chromosomes and sex-determining system" Registration free This symposium is held as FResHU F3 Green Symposia Series promoting the fresh and active

Ishii, Hitoshi

28

On the nature of SW Sex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present spectrophotometry of the eclipsing nova-like variable SW Sex. The continuum is deeply eclipsed and shows asymmetries due to the presence of a bright spot. We derive a new ephemeris and, by measuring the eclipse width, we are able to constrain the inclination to i > 75^o and the disc radius to R_D > 0.6 L_1. In common with other members of its class (of which it is the proto-type), SW Sex shows single-peaked emission lines which show transient absorption features and large phase shifts in their radial velocity curves. In addition, the light curves of the emission lines show a reduction in flux around phase 0.5 and asymmetric eclipse profiles which are not as deep as the continuum eclipse. Using Doppler tomography, we find that most of the line emission in SW Sex appears to originate from three sources: the secondary star, the accretion disc and an extended bright spot. The detection of the red star allows us to constrain the radial-velocity semi-amplitude of the secondary to K_R > 180 km/s and hence the component masses to M_1 = 0.3-0.7 Msun and M_2 < 0.3 Msun.

V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh; D. H. P. Jones

1997-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

Evidence of Self-correction of Child Sex Ratios in India: A District-Level Analysis of Child Sex Ratios From 1981 to 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sex ratios in India have become increasingly imbalanced over the past decades. We hypothesize that when sex ratios become very uneven, the shortage of girls will increase girls’ future value, leading sex ratio...

Nadia Diamond-Smith; David Bishai

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Brief Communications Why Sex Matters: Brain Size Independent Differences in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brief Communications Why Sex Matters: Brain Size Independent Differences in Gray Matter, Germany The different brain anatomy of men and women is both a classic and continuing topic of major interest. Among the most replicated and robust sex differences are larger overall brain dimensions in men

Gaser, Christian

31

Illicit substance use and risk of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who have sex with men--King County, Washington, 1997-1999.who have sex with men--King County, Washington, 1997-1999.who have sex with men--King County, Washington, 1997-1999.

Drumright, Lydia Nicole

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - additional sex combs Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

comb... . Here, we show that sex- specific regulation of the HOX gene Sex combs reduced (Scr) is associated... with the origin and evolution of the Drosophila ... Source: Kopp,...

33

Sex differences in brain activation elicited by humor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...38 Mummery, C. J., Patterson, K., Price, C. J., Ashburner, J., Frackowiak...NeuroImage 17 , 758 -768. 12377151 41 Price, C. J., Wise, R. J., Warburton...Cortex physiology Reward Sex Characteristics Wit and Humor as Topic

Eiman Azim; Dean Mobbs; Booil Jo; Vinod Menon; Allan L. Reiss

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Towards the reduction of sex-based stereotypes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOWARDS THE REDUCTION OF SEX-BASED STEREOTYPES A Senior Honors Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY THOMAS Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS APRIL 2001 Group: Psychology I TOWARDS THE REDUCTION OF SEX-BASED STEREOTYPES A Senior Honors Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY THOMAS Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas ASM...

Thomas, Brian Anthony

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

35

In Search of Pleasure: An Exploration of Teenage Recreational Sex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sexually active (defined as having sexual intercourse within 3 months of the survey), a statistic which does not include activities such as oral sex, anal sex, or heavy petting. Of those who were sexually active, 61% used a condom last time they had..., particularly as it relates to STIs and pregnancy prevention (Levinson, Jaccard, & Beamer, 1995). Despite the heavy focus on teenage sexual behavior and 7 ? motivations, there has been relatively little attention paid to sexual pleasure and desire, even...

Reichstein, Lauren

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

CHANGEMENT DE LA MENTION DU SEXE ET TAT CIVIL AU QUBEC : CRITIQUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cessary for obtaining a change of sex designation in birth certificates, not only under Quebec law

Spino, Claude

37

Sex differences in children's speech arising from the experimental design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). This thesis conforms to the format and style of the journal ~01 t 1 ~Ph Studies have drawn several conclusions regarding why the d1fferences in language skills appear. Some (Cherry, 1975; Sause, 1976) have implied that there are actual sex d1fferences... is a result of di'fferential social1zation patterns of parents. Various studies have agreed that mothers react in sex different1ated ways to their children through vocalizat1on and touch which influences language and social development (Cherry...

Walters, Connie Jo

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Spatial working memory in rats: no differences between the sexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...November 1999 research-article Spatial working memory in rats: no differences between the sexes Susan D Healy 1 2...spatial learning and memory abilities of male and female rats. The rats were tested across a number of consecutive days during...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Constraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y Keywords: adaptation; artificial neural networks; evolutionary constraints; parasitoid; sex ratio by modelling information acquisition and processing using artificial neural networks (ANNs) evolving accordingConstraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural

West, Stuart

40

The ‘lost years’ of green turtles: using stable isotopes to study cryptic lifestages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...50-year mystery in the biology of marine turtles posed by Archie Carr...ecology and trophic structure in marine and terrestrial ecosystems...trophic position, and, in marine environments, carbon isotopes...although it is susceptible to wear, retains a history of diet...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Precursors to maladaptive adult functioning: An internet assessment of Men who have Sex with Men.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study explored the association between childhood sexual abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and adult functioning in a risky sample of Men who have sex… (more)

Holland, Christine M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - androgen-programmed hormonal sex Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and females can be traced to sex steroid ... Source: Crews, David - Section for Integrative Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin Collection:...

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - age infant sex Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interest in Infants and Infant Abuse in Rhesus Macaques Summary: of maternal rank, maternal parity, offspring sex, and offspring age on infant harassment in abusive......

44

E-Print Network 3.0 - adolescence sex differences Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: adolescence sex differences Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Genes, Brain and Behavior (2009) 8: 107113 2009 The Authors Journal compilation 2009 Blackwell...

45

What Human Rights Law Obscures: Global Sex Trafficking and the Demand for Children  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HUMAN RIGHTS DISCOURSE: WHAT'S OUT THERE IN INTERNATIONALA. Human Rights Norms: What's in a Name? .. B. The LegalChild Sex Trafficking . D. What Does a Unitary Definition

Dillon, Sara

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

E-Print Network 3.0 - arrangements affecting sex Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David John Allsop Summary: 10 affected by many factors. These can be summarised into two broad categories. First, sex biased... 1967). Second, when environmental conditions affect...

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting sex ratio Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

colony members (Sundstrom & Boomsma, 2001). Since brood... Ross Biology letters 2009 Decisions over what sex ratio to produce can have far-reaching evolutionary... genetic...

48

Theory of sexes by Geodakian as it is advanced by Iskrin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1960s V.Geodakian proposed a theory that explains sexes as a mechanism for evolutionary adaptation of the species to changing environmental conditions. In 2001 V.Iskrin refined and augmented the concepts of Geodakian and gave a new and interesting explanation to several phenomena which involve sex, and sex ratio, including the war-years phenomena. He also introduced a new concept of the "catastrophic sex ratio." This note is an attempt to digest technical aspects of the new ideas by Iskrin.

Boris D. Lubachevsky

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

49

Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Royal Society 22 September 2006 research-article Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria...S. latifolia Adobe PDF - rspb20063599supp1.pdf Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Somatic Sex Determination in D. melanogaster: Insights in the Establishment to Maintenance Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOMATIC SEX DETERMINATION IN D. MELANOGASTER: INSIGHTS IN THE ESTABLISHMENT TO MAINTENANCE TRANSITION A Dissertation by ALEJANDRA NOEMI GONZALEZ ROJOS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Biology Somatic Sex Determination in D. melanogaster: Insights in the Establishment to Maintenance...

Gonzalez Rojos, Alejandra Noemi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

The sex ratio at birth in China in 2000: a provincial level analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

declined rapidly in China, from an average of about 6 children per woman in 1970 to 1.8 in 2000. However, due to the strong preference of a son, the sex ratio at birth began to increase in the 1980s. The 2000 Population Census of China reports a total sex...

Gu, Yuan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

Sex-biased dispersal in sperm whales: contrasting mitochondrial and nuclear genetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sex-biased dispersal in sperm whales: contrasting mitochondrial and nuclear genetic structure mammals is characterized by female philopatry and male dispersal. Such sex-biased dispersal can causeDNA) and the bi-parental nuclear genome. Here we report on the global genetic structure of oceanic populations

Leimar, Olof

53

'It is like a tomato stall where someone can pick what he likes': structure and practices of female sex work in Kampala, Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

among female sex workers in Uganda. AIDS Care 2013, 25(6):communities of Lake Victoria Uganda. Sex Transm Infect 2011,the shores of Lake Victoria Uganda. Sex Transm Dis 2012, 39(

Mbonye, Martin; Nakamanya, Sarah; Nalukenge, Winifred; King, Rachel; Vandepitte, Judith; Seeley, Janet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Predicting the fate of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching phenology in tuatara?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching...however, an unlikely response to global warming, as many oviparous species are...species with TSD. climate change|global warming|temperature-dependent sex...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Personality Structure, Sex Differences, and Temporal Change and Stability in Wild White-Faced Capuchins (Cebus capucinus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particularly  innovation,  social  learning  and  social  Primate  innovation:  sex,  age  and  social  rank.  behavioral   innovation  and  social  learning.  

Manson, JH; Perry, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Hormonal control of sex differences in the electric organ discharge (EOD) of mormyrid fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Field studies have demonstrated that several species of mormyrid fish from Gabon, West Africa have a sex difference in the pulse-like waveform of their Electric Organ Discharge (EOD). Administration of androgen h...

Andrew H. Bass; Carl D. Hopkins

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Sex-biased immunity is driven by relative differences in reproductive investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...driven by relative differences in reproductive investment Crystal M. Vincent 1 Darryl T. Gwynne 2...response to sex-specific fitness returns of investment in traits such as parental investment and longevity, but the scarcity of data...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Counting on Couples: Fiscal Savings From Allowing Same-Sex Couple to Marry in Connecticut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

visited Oct. 30, 2004). Connecticut General Assembly, OfficeSame-Sex Partners In Connecticut, 2002-R- 0834, 10/05/2002,visited Dec. 17, 2004). Connecticut General Assembly, Office

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Curtis, Patrice; Kukura, Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

An Examination of Defendant Sex Disparity in Capital Sentencing: A Propensity Score Matching Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although much prior work has examined the influence of extralegal factors on jury capital sentencing decision-making, the influence of defendant sex has been largely omitted from previous investigations. Using...

Tara N. Richards; M. Dwayne Smith…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Molecular Studies in Horses with SRY-Positive XY Sex Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULAR STUDIES IN HORSES WITH SRY-POSITIVE XY SEX REVERSAL SYNDROME A Thesis by ERICA FANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... WITH SRY-POSITIVE XY SEX REVERSAL SYNDROME A Thesis by ERICA FANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co...

Fang, Erica

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Sex education in Connecticut high schools| Teachers' reports of content and importance ratings according to the SIECUS Guidelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to examine Connecticut teachers’ reports of the sex education content taught to high school students as well as… (more)

Wallace Obloj, Donna Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Saving Civilization from the "'Green-Eyed' Monster": Emma Goldman and the Sex Reform Campaign against Jealousy, 1900–1930  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the wider milieu of transatlantic networks of white middle-economic norms, their transatlantic campaigns for liberatingmention of jealousy in transatlantic sex reform networks as

Hustak, Carla C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A systematic survey for sex-linked cellular antigens in chickens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eearoh for a sex-linked auth. geu in the pressat study; share birds resulting ~ the oroeatug of tub@ed lines ars . a ssx ohroaosoas frsa both, parental lines ?htls the Fl . fesales will reoeive a aex ehroaosoae md' froa the Mow supplgh~g the @ale... eearoh for a sex-linked auth. geu in the pressat study; share birds resulting ~ the oroeatug of tub@ed lines ars . a ssx ohroaosoas frsa both, parental lines ?htls the Fl . fesales will reoeive a aex ehroaosoae md' froa the Mow supplgh~g the @ale...

Evans, John Willard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation B to manipulate coherent phonon excitation and quantify the strength of electron-phonon coupling in CdTe1Ã?xSex nanocrystals (NCs). Raman active CdSe and CdTe longitudinal optical phonon (LO) modes are excited and probed

Xu, Xianfan

65

The Phosphoglucan Phosphatase Like Sex Four2 Dephosphorylates Starch at the C3-Position in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plants and a key resource for humankind both as the main component of...sequentially from the nonreducing end of an alpha-1,4-linked...Arabidopsis leaves harvested at the end of the light period and analyzed...sex4 plants harvested at the end of the light period. Phosphate...

Diana Santelia; Oliver Kötting; David Seung; Mario Schubert; Matthias Thalmann; Sylvain Bischof; David A. Meekins; Andy Lutz; Nicola Patron; Matthew S. Gentry; Frédéric H.-T. Allain; Samuel C. Zeeman

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

66

Enhanced Thermoelectric Properties of Solution Grown Bi2Te3-xSex Nanoplatelet Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the lattice contributions) and T is average absolute temperature. An ideal thermoelectric material on the efficiency of thermoelectric materials, and hence a decoupling of these parameters is required to improveEnhanced Thermoelectric Properties of Solution Grown Bi2Te3-xSex Nanoplatelet Composites Ajay Soni

Xiong, Qihua

67

Tilapia sex determination: Where temperature and genetics meet J.F. Baroiller a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International de Baillarguet, F-34398 Montpellier, France b Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern and Centre of Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, EAWAG, CH-6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland c response Genes Wild populations This review deals with the complex sex determining system of Nile tilapia

68

Comparison of sex-steroid synthesis between neonatal and adult rat hippocampus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of sex-steroid synthesis between neonatal and adult rat hippocampus Shimpei Higo a,1-steroid metabolism in male rat hippo- campus between postnatal 10-day old (P10) and young adult stages. We also 10-day male Wistar rats (P10) and young adult rats (12 weeks old) were purchased from Saitama Experi

Kawato, Suguru

69

Sex and species differences in spatial memory in food-storing kangaroo rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sex and species differences in spatial memory in food-storing kangaroo rats CYNTHIA L. BARKLEY differences in spatial memory in two species of kangaroo rats that are predicted by foraging ecology. Merriam's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys merriami, a scatter hoarder that hoards intensively, showed ac- curate memory

Jacobs, Lucia

70

The effect of early stress and sex on performance of turkeys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Hester (1980) described genetics, nutrition, infectious diseases, environment and management as the primary causes. There have been many reports suggesting that leg weakness is more prevalent in males. Buffington et al. (1975) showed that male turkeys... viewing brooder. These poults were individually marked to allow easy visual identification and were observed over a two hour period daily for 4 consecutive days. The frequency of eating and (or) drinking was recorded for each poult. A drinking...

Ross, Stephen David

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The costs of being male: are there sex-specific effects of uniparental mitochondrial inheritance?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mito-nuclear interactions|mito-nuclear coevolution|uniparental inheritance...DNA of two obligate genomes-nuclear and mitochondrial. Although the nuclear genome represents an amalgamation...for conservation management policy-particularly in relation...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

ON THE EFFECT OF SELECTIVE STERlLIZATION ON SEX-RATIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sterilization. The authors point out that the rural Indian families whom they have studied tend, traditionally', the 'nom de science' of the typical North Indian village which they studied. "In 1958, for every 100

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

73

Effect of Age, Sex, and Fertility of Angora Goats on the Quality and Quantity of Mohair.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the various groups, were shipped to College Sta- tion for scouring in the Station Wool and Mohair Scouring Plant. In order to obtain the clean (scoured) weight of the individual fleece, each was scoured separately. The scouring equipment used... of the various groups, were shipped to College Sta- tion for scouring in the Station Wool and Mohair Scouring Plant. In order to obtain the clean (scoured) weight of the individual fleece, each was scoured separately. The scouring equipment used...

Jones, J. M. (John Mckinley)

1935-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Effect of Sex Hormones on Susceptibility to Viral Transmission of Myeloid Leukemia in the Mouse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...passages. In every passage, the material from a given donor was injected...myeloid leukemia intheRF mouse. Materials and Methods HANDLING OF MICE. The animals used were...for 20mm. CHART 1. Schematic diagram of procedure for preparing the...

V. K. Jenkins; T. T. Odell, Jr.; and A. C. Upton

1966-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effect of sex on ethanol consumption and conditioned taste aversion in adolescent and adult rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Voluntary drinking of 20 % ethanol in an every-other-day (EOD) ... availability pattern and the dose–response relationship of ethanol conditioned taste aversion (CTA) were assessed...

Nicole L. Schramm-Sapyta; Reynold Francis; Andrea MacDonald…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Effects of solar activity on myocardial infarction deaths in low geomagnetic latitude regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effect of solar activity on the incidence of myocardial infarction deaths (MID) in Mexico. We work with 129,917 cases along ... by sex and age, and considering the solar cycle phases. At higher frequ...

Blanca Mendoza; Rosa Diaz-Sandoval

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Appl Nbr Full TiFirst Name Middle Name Last Name Sex Category PH Category 00036777 F ADITI GUPTA F GEN N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appl Nbr Full TiFirst Name Middle Name Last Name Sex Category PH Category 00036777 F ADITI GUPTA F 00036674 F SRISHTI VIVEK SHARMA F GEN N Appl Nbr Full TiFirst Name Middle Name Last Name Sex Category PH) Appl Nbr Full TiFirst Name Middle Name Last Name Sex Category PH Category 00032299 F SANDEEP KUMAR

Ribeiro, Vinay

78

Age–period–cohort effects in the incidence of hip fractures: political and economic events are coincident with changes in risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An age–period cohort model was fitted to analyse time effects on hip fracture incidence rates by sex (Portugal, 2000–2008). Rates increased exponentially with age (age effect). Incidence rates decreased after 200...

S. Maria Alves; D. Castiglione; C. Maria Oliveira…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Changes of sex hormone levels in patients with hepatitis B virus-related postnecrotic cirrhosis: Relationship to the severity of portal hypertension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of portal hypertension on plasma sex steroid levels was studied in 49 patients with hepatitis B virus-related postnecrotic cirrhosis. In accordance with the Child-Pugh classification, 18 patients were classified as grade A, 15 grade B and 16 grade C. At the same time, 25 males who were admitted for physical check-up served as normal controls. Serum testosterone levels decreased (3.31 ± 2.03 vs. 5.65 ± 0.13 ng/ml) and estrone levels increased (0.16 ± 0.08 vs. 0.09 ± 0.02 ng/ml) significantly in patients with cirrhosis compared to the levels obtained in the controls. Moreover, these changes were associated with an increased severity of cirrhosis (P heaptitis B related postnecrotic cirrhosis, especially in those with decompensated liver function. The relationship between cardiac output and severity of liver disease suggests that the degree of portosystemic shunting probably increases as liver disease worsens. The available hemodynamic data, however, only provide information about the correlation between cardiac output and sex hormone levels in grade C patients. There is no direct evidence which supports the role of portal hypertension per se in the generation of these endocrine changes.

Yuan-Jen Wang; Shou-Dong Lee; Han-Chieh Lin; Hsiao-Chung Hsia; Fa-Yauh Lee; Yang-Te Tsai; Kwang-Juei Lo

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Letter report: Population estimates by age, sex and race for 10-county study area  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Does Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. To identify groups that may have received doses, population estimates containing age, race, and sex detail for ten counties in Washington and Oregon for the years 1940 to 1980 were prepared by the Demographics Laboratory under a subcontract with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). A data base of population information was developed from census reports and published and unpublished collections from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and Center for Population Research. Three estimation methods were then explored: the cohort-component model, cohort interpolation, and age-group interpolation. The estimates generated through cohort and age-group interpolation are considered adequate for initial use in the HEDR Project. Results are presented in two forms: (1) county populations by sex and single year of age and (2) county populations by sex and race for age groupings. These results are made available to the HEDR Project for further refinement into population estimates by county census divisions.

Pittenger, D.B.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Same-Sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Same-sex couplesLong Island, NY-NJ-PA Oklahoma City, OK Orlando-Kissimmee,WV New Orleans New York Oklahoma City Orlando Philadelphia

Gates, Gary J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Reducing Bioavailable Sex Hormones through a Comprehensive Change in Diet: the Diet and Androgens (DIANA) Randomized Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DIANA study The cumulative consumption over...27) Unrefined oils MUFA, PUFA Olive oil (282), corn, sesame, or sunflower oil (59) Cruciferae...carried out the field work; A. Cavalleri...sex-hormone-binding globulin production by isoflavonoids...

Franco Berrino; Cristina Bellati; Giorgio Secreto; Edgarda Camerini; Valeria Pala; Salvatore Panico; Giovanni Allegro; and Rudolf Kaaks

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Assessing explanations for sex differences in emotional support: A test of the different cultures and skill specialization accounts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research documents sex differences in interpersonal behaviors, such as comforting and emotional support, with women consistently being more likely than men to engage in comforting behavior, to produce sophisticated comforting ...

Kunkel, Adrianne; Burleson, Brant R.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIV infection in South Africa--survival differences. QJM.disease and injury in South Africa. Popul Health Metr. 8(1):Have Sex with Men in South Africa Rob Stephenson, PhD* Alex

Stephenson, Robert; de Voux, Alex; Sullivan, Patrick S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Fertility of stallion spermatozoa separated on albumin gradients and attempts to control the sex ratio of foals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 1985 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction FERTILITY OF STALLION SPERMATOZOA SEPARATED ON ALBUMIN GRADIENTS AND ATTEMPTS TO CONTROL THE SEX RATIO OF FOALS h Thesis by JANE ANN PRUITT Approved as to style and content by: (Chair... of Committe) (Member) J, M. Bowen (Member) G. C. Smith (Head of Department) December 1985 ABSTRACT Fertility of Stallion Spermatozoa Separated on Albumin Gradients and Attempts to Control the Sex Ratio of Foals (December 1985) Jane Ann Pruitt, B. S...

Pruitt, Jane Ann

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Preexposure Chemoprophylaxis for HIV Prevention in Men Who Have Sex with Men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...medical history. Chemical and hematologic analyses were performed at weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, and 24 and every 12 weeks thereafter. During screening, a computer-assisted structured interview collected information about education level, self-identified sex, and alcohol use, along with subjects' perceived study... In this study, 2499 HIV-seronegative men or transgender women who were at high risk for HIV acquisition were enrolled in a trial of daily emtricitabine plus tenofovir versus placebo. Those receiving the antiretroviral medication had a 44% reduction in HIV incidence.

Grant R.M.; Lama J.R.; Anderson P.L.

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

87

The relationship between sex guilt and responses to violent, degrading, and erotic material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paperback fiction and X-rated video cassettes. Compared to the statistics regarding violence in paperbacks and videocassettes, the numbers denoting the presence of violence in main-stream, soft-core pub) )cat ions such as P~i~ and P~tguu appear qui te... to assess affective responses. Participants who viewed sexually explicit materials were also asked to specify the type of material they believed they watched. A 2 X 4 X 2 ANOVA was performed, in which level of sex guilt, type of stimulus material...

Krause, Deborah Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

C. Severi & J. Bonhomme (ds.) Paroles en actes, Paris, L'Herne (Cahiers d'anthropologie sociale 5) Alerte aux voleurs de sexe !  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dernièrement au Togo. Au Gabon, il semble que l'épisode du marché d'Akébé Plaine ne soit pas le seul. Au Lycée, Mauritanie, Gabon, Congo, RDC. La rumeur des vols de sexe (1975-2009) Concernant les vols de sexe au Gabon, j

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Sintered CdSexTe1–x Nanocrystal Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

solar cell; nanocrystal; CdTe; CdSexTe1?x; layer-by-layer; solution-processed; sintered ... For instance, devices fabricated using cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) based active layers have exhibited laboratory scale power conversion efficiencies up to 17.3%(1) and 20.3%,(2) respectively, at commercial production costs as low as US $0.75/Watt. ... (20) More recently, the graded device concept has been extended to solution-processed organic solar cells, through a series of complementary donor materials(21) and to PbS quantum dot devices, where bandgap grading was accomplished through variation of the QD diameter. ...

Brandon I. MacDonald; Alessandro Martucci; Sergey Rubanov; Scott E. Watkins; Paul Mulvaney; Jacek J. Jasieniak

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

90

A review of "Fashioning Adultery: Gender, Sex and Civility in England, 1660-1740." by David M. Turner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trends in the history of women in science and the history of gender and science will have to look elsewhere. David M. Turner. Fashioning Adultery: Gender, Sex and Civility in England, 1660- 1740. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. xii + 236... of the Civil War and the Restoration, Turner asserts only that ?The late seventeenth-century proliferation of crime writing, and the increasing pressure it placed on publishers to bring out more factually accurate and representative accounts of murder, may...

Elena Levy-Navarro

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The effect of breed and sex-class on fat deposition across the five USDA yield grades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, shanks, plates, and flanks. The rough subprimals were then split into right and left sides and all right side subprimals were physically dissected into dissectable lean, bone, and fat (subcutaneous, seam, and internal). Dissectable tissues were weighed...

Menzies, Misti Deon

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The Effect of Environmental Contaminants on Mating Dynamics and Population Viability in a Sex-Role-Reversed Pipefish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their reproductive success. In an additional component of this dissertation, it was discovered that pipefish populations around Mobile Bay, specifically Weeks Bay, are currently being exposed to significantly elevated levels of mercury. These populations...

Partridge, Charlyn G.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

93

Letter report: Population estimates by age, sex and race for 10-county study area. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Does Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. To identify groups that may have received doses, population estimates containing age, race, and sex detail for ten counties in Washington and Oregon for the years 1940 to 1980 were prepared by the Demographics Laboratory under a subcontract with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). A data base of population information was developed from census reports and published and unpublished collections from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and Center for Population Research. Three estimation methods were then explored: the cohort-component model, cohort interpolation, and age-group interpolation. The estimates generated through cohort and age-group interpolation are considered adequate for initial use in the HEDR Project. Results are presented in two forms: (1) county populations by sex and single year of age and (2) county populations by sex and race for age groupings. These results are made available to the HEDR Project for further refinement into population estimates by county census divisions.

Pittenger, D.B.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Patterns of Lifetime and Recent HIV Testing Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in New York City Who Use Grindr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rates of HIV infection continue to rise for men who have sex with men (MSM), and may be partially due to lack of testing among groups at risk for HIV. Mobile applications have demonstrated promise to identify ...

H. Jonathon Rendina; Ruben H. Jimenez; Christian Grov; Ana Ventuneac…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Characterization of the cis-regulatory region of the Drosophila homeotic gene Sex combs reduced  

SciTech Connect

The Drosophilia homeotic gene Sex combs reduced (Scr) controls the segmental identity of the labial and prothoracic segments in the embryo and adult. It encodes a sequence-specific transcription factor that controls, in concert with other gene products, differentiative pathways of tissues in which Scr is expressed. During embryogenesis, Scr accumulation is observed in a discrete spatiotemporal pattern that includes the labial and prothoracic ectoderm, the subesophageal ganglion of the ventral nerve cord and the visceral mesoderm of the anterior and posterior midgut. Previous analyses have demonstrated that breakpoint mutations located in a 75-kb interval, including the Scr transcription unit and 50 kb of upstream DNA, cause Scr misexpression during development, presumably because these mutations remove Scr cis-regulatory sequences from the proximity of the Scr promoter. To gain a better understanding of the regulatory interactions necessary for the control of Scr transcription during embryogenesis, we have begun a molecular analysis of the Scr regulatory interval. DNA fragments from this 75-kb region were subcloned into P-element vectors containing either an Scr-lacZ or hsp70-lacZ fusion gene, and patterns of reporter gene expression were assayed in transgenic embryos. Several fragments appear to contain Scr regulatory sequences, as they direct reporter gene expression in patterns similar to those normally observed for Scr, whereas other DNA fragments direct Scr reporter gene expression in developmentally interesting but non-Scr-like patterns during embryogenesis. Scr expression in some tissues appears to be controlled by multiple regulatory elements that are separated, in some cases, by more than 20 kb of intervening DNA. This analysis provides an entry point for the study of how Scr transcription is regulated at the molecular level. 60 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Gindhart, J.G. Jr.; King, N.A.; Kaufman, T.C. [Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The Relationship Between Team Sex Composition and Team Performance in the Context of Training Complex, Psychomotor, Team–based Tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the theory that males play more video games and thus, are better at psychomotor tasks does not fully explain performance differences and there may be some differences in ability based on sex. Given the performance differences between males and females...) who participated in 92 4?person teams. Of the 92 teams, 14 (15.22%) were 4?male teams, 21 (22.83%) were 3?male teams, 38 (41.30%) were 2? male teams, and 19 (20.65%) were 1?male teams. There were no all?female teams (the possible implications...

Jarrett, Steven

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

97

The Economic Impact of Extending Marriage to Same-Sex Couples in Washington State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research/economic- impact-reports/the-effect-of-marriage-research/economic-impact-reports/the-business-boost-from-Jody L. , Estimating the Economic Boost of Marriage Equality

Kastanis, Angeliki; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Herman, Jody L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Cellular mechanisms of developmental and sex differences in the rapid hormonal modulation of a social communication signal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Some gymnotiform electric fish species rapidly modify their electric signal waveforms by altering the action potential (AP) waveforms of their electrocytes, the excitable cells that produce the electric organ discharge (EOD). The fish Brachyhypopomus gauderio alters EOD amplitude and pulse duration as a social signal in accordance with the prevailing social conditions, under the dual regulation of melanocortins and androgens. We show here that B. gauderio uses two distinct cellular mechanisms to change signal amplitude, and its use of these two mechanisms varies with age and sex of the signaler. EOD amplitude and waveform are regulated by the coordinated timing and shaping of two \\{APs\\} generated from two opposing excitable membranes in each electrocyte. The two membranes fire in sequence within 100 ?s of each other with the second AP being broader than the first. We have shown previously that mature males increase EOD amplitude and duration when melanocortin peptide hormones act directly on electrocytes to selectively broaden the second AP and increase the delay between the two \\{APs\\} by approximately 25 ?s. Here we show that females selectively broaden only the second AP as males do, but increase amplitude of both \\{APs\\} with no change in delay between them, a previously unreported second mechanism of EOD amplitude change in B. gauderio. Juvenile fish broaden both \\{APs\\} and increase the delay between the APs. Cellular mechanisms of EOD plasticity are therefore shaped during development, presumably by sex steroids, becoming sexually dimorphic at maturity.

Michael R. Markham; Philip K. Stoddard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

EVALUATING THE EFFECTS OF FLY ASH EXPOSURE ON FISH EARLY LIFE STAGES: FATHEAD MINNOW EMBRYO-LARVAL TESTS  

SciTech Connect

On December 22, 2008, a dike containing fly ash and bottom ash in an 84-acre complex of the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) Kingston Steam Plant in East Tennessee failed and released a large quantity of ash into the adjacent Emory River. Ash deposits extended as far as 4 miles upstream (Emory River mile 6) of the Plant, and some ash was carried as far downstream as Tennessee River mile 564 ({approx}4 miles downstream of the Tennessee River confluence with the Clinch River). A byproduct of coal burning power plants, fly ash contains a variety of metals and other elements which, at sufficient concentrations and in specific forms, can be toxic to biological systems. The effects of fly ash contamination on exposed fish populations depend on the magnitude and duration of exposure, with the most significant risk considered to be the effects of specific ash constituents, especially selenium, on fish early life stages. Uptake by adult female fish of fly ash constituents through the food chain and subsequent maternal transfer of contaminants to the developing eggs is thought to be the primary route of selenium exposure to larval fish (Woock and others 1987, Coyle and others 1993, Lemly 1999, Moscatello and others 2006), but direct contact of the fertilized eggs and developing embryos to ash constituents in river water and sediments is also a potential risk factor (Woock and others 1987, Coyle and others 1993, Jezierska and others 2009). To address the risk of fly ash from the Kingston spill to the reproductive health of downstream fish populations, ORNL has undertaken a series of studies in collaboration with TVA including: (1) a field study of the bioaccumulation of fly ash constituents in fish ovaries and the reproductive condition of sentinel fish species in reaches of the Emory and Clinch Rivers affected by the fly ash spill; (2) laboratory tests of the potential toxicity of fly ash from the spill area on fish embryonic and larval development (reported in the current technical manuscript); (3) additional laboratory experimentation focused on the potential effects of long-term exposures to fly ash on fish survival and reproductive competence; and (4) a combined field and laboratory study examining the in vitro developmental success of embryos and larvae obtained from fish exposed in vivo for over two years to fly ash in the Emory and Clinch Rivers. These fish reproduction and early life-stage studies are being conducted in conjunction with a broader biological monitoring program administered by TVA that includes a field study of the condition of larval fish in the Emory and Clinch Rivers along with assessments of water quality, sediment composition, ecotoxicological studies, terrestrial wildlife studies, and human and ecological risk assessment. Information and data generated from these studies will provide direct input into risk assessment efforts and will also complement and help support other phases of the overall biomonitoring program. Fish eggs, in general, are known to be capable of concentrating heavy metals and other environmental contaminants from water-borne exposures during embryonic development (Jezierska and others 2009), and fathead minnow embryos in particular have been shown to concentrate methylmercury (Devlin 2006) as well as other chemical toxicants. This technical report focuses on the responses of fathead minnow embryos to simple contact exposures to fly ash in laboratory toxicity tests adapted from a standard fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) 7-d embryo-larval survival and teratogenicity test (method 1001.0 in EPA 2002) with mortality, hatching success, and the incidences of developmental abnormalities as measured endpoints.

Greeley Jr, Mark Stephen [ORNL; Elmore, Logan R [ORNL; McCracken, Kitty [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Advocacy Coalitions in East European Sex Tourism: The Case of Latvia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The widening of the European Union and the emergence of budget airlines have brought with them a host of challenges to new member states like Latvia. A result of the economic polarization and its disproportionate effect ...

Dean, Laura A.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The “I” in Team: Coach Incivility, Coach Sex, and Team Performance in Female Basketball Teams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emergent states relationship. The current study used a sample of female college basketball teams to test the proposed model. Results revealed that leader incivility had a detrimental effect on team emergent states and subsequently team performance...

Smittick, Amber Leola

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

102

Effects of Shared Activity on Dyadic Stress Response.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to assess sex differences in stress responses to cooperative and competitive activities within same-sex dyads. Participants included 90 undergraduate… (more)

Auer, Brandon John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

DFT calculations study of structural, electronic, and optical properties of Cu2ZnSn(S1?xSex)4 alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As promising solar cell absorb materials, detailed density functional theory calculations of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of Cu2ZnSn(S1?xSex)4 alloys with different crystal structures (including: zincblende-derived kesterite, zincblende-derived stannite, wurtzite-derived kesterite, and wurtzite-derived stannite) over the whole range of Se composition from x = 0 to x = 1 were systematically investigated in the present work. The calculated results revealed that the lattice constants variation of Cu2ZnSn(S1?xSex)4 alloys obey the Vegard’s law; and the wurtzite-derived alloys have better alloy solubility and component-uniform compared with zincblende-derived alloys. In the whole range of x, the calculated lattice constants, band gaps, dielectric constants, and refractive index are nearly linear varying with Se compositions. Using the fitting functional relationships, one not only designs suitable Cu2ZnSn(S1?xSex)4 alloys as absorber materials for solar cells, but also determines the composition of Cu2ZnSn(S1?xSex)4 alloys by conventional optical measurements in practice.

Zong-Yan Zhao; Qing-Lu Liu; Xiang Zhao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Evolution of glass properties during a substitution of S by Se in Ge28Sb12S60-xSex glass Guillaume Guery1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of glass properties during a substitution of S by Se in Ge28Sb12S60-xSex glass network, Université de Bordeaux I, Avenue du Dr Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac Cedex, France. Keywords: Chalcogenide glass; Raman spectroscopy; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Glass properties Author whom correspondence should

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

105

I Like it When You Act Like a Leader: A Role Congruity Account of Romantic Desire for Powerful Opposite-Sex Others  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I LIKE IT WHEN YOU ACT LIKE A LEADER: A ROLE CONGRUITY ACCOUNT OF ROMANTIC DESIRE FOR POWERFUL OPPOSITE-SEX OTHERS A Thesis by BRIAN M. WILKEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... Copyright 2013 Brian M. Wilkey ii ABSTRACT Powerful people perform observable agentic behaviors (e.g., directing tasks), and people expect powerful people to act in these agentic ways. Furthermore, Role Congruity Theory predicts that people...

Wilkey, Brian 1987-

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

106

The effects of maternal employment and different child care placements on personality variables in college students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and is more equali- tarian when the mother is employed. Effects of maternal employment status on sex role identifi- cation and stereotyping have received much attention in the liter- ature. Hartley (1960) found that significantly more (48$) sons... an employed mother. This study suggests that daughters whose mothers were or are employed learn a more favorable definition of maternal employment and see that a career after marriage i feasible f' or them. Hartley (1960) also found the difference...

Trout, Susan Patricia

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Sex, lies and beetles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Similarly, John Hafernik and Leslie Saul-Gershenz, of San Francisco State University, now report that the ...

John Whitfield

2000-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

108

Low-energy magnetic excitations from the Fe1+y?z(Ni/Cu)zTe1?xSex system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report neutron scattering measurements on low-energy (???5 meV) magnetic excitations from a series of Fe1+y?z(Ni/Cu)zTe1?xSex samples which belong to the “11” Fe-chalcogenide family. Our results suggest a strong correlation between the magnetic excitations near (0.5,0.5,0) and the superconducting properties of the system. The low-energy magnetic excitations are found to gradually move away from (0.5,0.5,0) to incommensurate positions when superconductivity is suppressed, either by heating or chemical doping, confirming previous observations.

Zhijun Xu; Jinsheng Wen; J. Schneeloch; A. D. Christianson; R. J. Birgeneau; Genda Gu; J. M. Tranquada; Guangyong Xu

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

109

Evidence of sex–linked effects on the inheritance of human longevity: a population–based study in the Valserine valley (French Jura), 18–20th centuries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population register of a French valley. We have focused on mean conditional...villages located in the Valserine valley, a narrow valley of the French Jura mountains, near the Swiss frontier, 10 km west of Geneva. The reconstruction...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

From International Idea to Domestic Policy: Explaining the Emergence of Same-Sex Partnership Recognition in Argentina and Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University ofParties and Governability in Brazil," in Party Politics in2008. "The Pope's Visit to Brazil: Context and Effects," SPW

Schulenberg, Shawn Richard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Comparative Study of Sex Salary Differentials for Full-time Workers with a Degree in Science or Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:733-757. Gibelman, Margaret. 2003. So how far have we come? Pestilent and persistent gender gap in pay. Social Work 48, no. 1:22-32. Goldberg, Caren B., Lisa M. Finkelstein, Elissa L. Perry, and Alison M. Konrad. 2004. Job and industry fit: The effects of age...:733-757. Gibelman, Margaret. 2003. So how far have we come? Pestilent and persistent gender gap in pay. Social Work 48, no. 1:22-32. Goldberg, Caren B., Lisa M. Finkelstein, Elissa L. Perry, and Alison M. Konrad. 2004. Job and industry fit: The effects of age...

McKinley, Rayna L.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

112

Sex-related Impact on Clinical Outcome of Everolimus-eluting Versus Bare-metal Stents in ST-segment Myocardial Infarction. Insights From the EXAMINATION Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction and objectives The use of second-generation drug-eluting stents compared with bare-metal stents in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction reduces the rate of major adverse cardiac events. We aimed to evaluate the impact of sex on the performance of everolimus-eluting stents vs bare-metal stents in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at 2-year follow-up. Methods This is a sub-study of the EXAMINATION trial that randomized 1498 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to everolimus-eluting or bare-metal stents. Primary end point was combined all-cause death, any recurrent myocardial infarction, and any revascularization. All end points were analyzed according to sex at 2-year follow-up. Results Of 1498 patients included in the trial, 254 (17.0%) were women. Women were older and had higher prevalence of hypertension and lower prevalence of smoking compared with men. In contrast with men, stent diameter was smaller in women. After multivariate analysis, the primary end point was similar between women and men (hazard ratio = 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-1.37), and among women, between those treated with bare-metal vs everolimus-eluting stents (hazard ratio = 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 0.95-6.46). Women showed a lower rate of repeat revascularization than men (hazard ratio = 0.55; 95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.95) despite worse baseline characteristics. This difference was driven by better performance of the everolimus-eluting stent in women. Conclusions Despite poorer baseline clinical characteristics, women with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention showed outcomes similar to men. The use of everolimus-eluting stents may represent an added value in women as it showed a reduced rate of repeated revascularization compared to men.

Ander Regueiro; Diego Fernández-Rodríguez; Salvatore Brugaletta; Victoria Martín-Yuste; Monica Masotti; Xavier Freixa; Ángel Cequier; Andrés Íñiguez; Patrick W. Serruys; Manel Sabaté

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Structure of the Arabidopsis Glucan Phosphatase LIKE SEX FOUR2 Reveals a Unique Mechanism for Starch Dephosphorylation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diets and a key constituent in many manufacturing processes. Starch is composed of two...F162A/W136A/R157A/F261A) show additive effects, implying that the sites function...physicochemical properties, thus enhancing manufacturing of feedstock for both food and nonfood...

David A. Meekins; Hou-Fu Guo; Satrio Husodo; Bradley C. Paasch; Travis M. Bridges; Diana Santelia; Oliver Kötting; Craig W. Vander Kooi; Matthew S. Gentry

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

114

Perceptual distortion of a crime as a function of question-type, level of violence, ambiguity and sex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supported by pr1or investigat1ons (Harris, 1977; Loftus, 1974; 1 975), knowledge of its latti tude and parameters has not been studi ed. Loftus' (1974; 1975) work described the effects of word1ng on des- cr1ptions of automobile accidents, while Harris...

Upchurch, Nancy Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

2012 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University HORT-11 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age trade than the species. However, the species is a very beautiful conifer and well worth the hunt cultivars in the trade. Cultivars of this species are popular bonsai specimens. The American Conifer Society

Liskiewicz, Maciej

116

2012 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University HORT-25 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age that are more popular and prevalent in the nursery trade than the species. Cultivars vary in size (growth rate://conifersociety.org/cs2/) has an impressive conifer database (including photos for species and cultivars); one must

Liskiewicz, Maciej

117

2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University BSE-119NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, g  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University BSE-119NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age Efficiency? The efficiency of a gas (natural or propane) or oil furnace is measured by the Annual Fuel

Liskiewicz, Maciej

118

Whole-body effective half-lives for radiolabeled antibodies and related issues  

SciTech Connect

Radiolabeled antibodies (RABs) are being developed and used in medical imaging and therapy in rapidly increasing numbers. Data on the whole body half effective half-lives were calculated from external dose rates obtained from attending physicians and radiation safety officers at participating institutions. Calculations were made using exponential regression analysis of data from patients receiving single and multiple administrations. Theses data were analyzed on the basis of age, sex, isotope label, radiation energy, antibody type, disease treated, administration method, and number of administrations.

Kaurin, D.G.L.; Carsten, A.L.; Baum, J.W.; Barber, D.E.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Ripple Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policies and practices might have on producers? incomes and water savings, as well as the ripple effects on the regional economy. Drs. Steve Amosson of Texas Cooperative Extension in Amarillo, Lal K. Almas of West Texas A&M University, Jeff Peterson... will do to the Ripple Effects Water conservation policies, practices impact Ogallala region?s economy Ripple Effects Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 27 overall economy and society in the region, including household incomes and employment levels...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Teapot Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When tea is poured from a teapot it often runs along the under side of the spout rather than falling into the cup. Recent experiments have shown that this ``teapot effect'' is not due to surface tension nor adhesion as many have supposed. Therefore a new explanation is presented which is based upon certain exact solutions of the hydrodynamicequations and which seems to account for the effect. In connection with the analysis some new fluid flows with free boundaries are obtained. In addition a method more satisfactory than the usual one is used to study the stability of these flows.

Joseph B. Keller

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effects of ethanol intoxication on speech suprasegmentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of ingesting ethanol have been shown to be somewhat variable in humans. To date there appear to be but few universals. Yet the question often arises: is it possible to determine if a person is intoxicated by observing them in some manner? A closely related question is: can speech be used for this purpose and if so can the degree of intoxication be determined? One of the many issues associated with these questions involves the relationships between a person’s paralinguistic characteristics and the presence and level of inebriation. To this end young healthy speakers of both sexes were carefully selected and sorted into roughly equal groups of light moderate and heavy drinkers. They were asked to produce four types of utterances during a learning phase when sober and at four strictly controlled levels of intoxication (three ascending and one descending). The primary motor speech measures employed were speaking fundamental frequency speech intensity speaking rate and nonfluencies. Several statistically significant changes were found for increasing intoxication; the primary ones included rises in F0 in task duration and for nonfluencies. Minor gender differences were found but they lacked statistical significance. So did the small differences among the drinking category subgroups and the subject groupings related to levels of perceived intoxication. Finally although it may be concluded that certain changes in speechsuprasegmentals will occur as a function of increasing intoxication these patterns cannot be viewed as universal since a few subjects (about 20%) exhibited no (or negative) changes.

Harry Hollien; Gea DeJong; Reva Schwartz; Kristen Liljegren

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Sex and the single flower  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... maturing the male and female plants of their flowers at different times. But, says John Richards, a botanist at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, this is the first ...

John Whitfield

2001-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

123

Sonagachi Sex Workers Stymie HIV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee (DMSC), a quasi-trade union that today will...the relief agency CARE India, holds what DMSC president Debasish Chowdhury Digha calls a “demigod...including a $1 million effort under way by DMSC that's funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates...

Jon Cohen

2004-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cost-Effectiveness Ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost?effectiveness ratio (CER) is a calculation that summarizes the intervention's net cost and effectiveness. The three types of CER are: the average cost?effectiveness ratio (ACER), the marginal cost?...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Generalized weapon effectiveness modeling .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, we compare weapon effectiveness methods to determine if current effectiveness models provide accurate results. The United States Military currently adheres to a… (more)

Anderson, Colin M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Photovoltaic effects in  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theory and quantitative analysis of photovoltaic effects in an inhomogeneous semiconductor with a position-dependent energy gap in the presence of a temperature gradient are presented. Transport equations based on the thermodynamics of irreversible processes are used to develop the theory. The transformation of the initial equations and suitable assumption led to a formula revealing and arranging all photovoltaic effects occurring in a semiconductor. Four effects: the bulk photovoltaic Tauc effect; the mobility position-dependence photovoltaic effect; the thermophotovoltaic effect; and the classical Seebeck thermoelectric effect are revealed. Quantitative relations between particular effects and factors determining their significance are shown by means of numerical analysis and suitable diagrams.

T Piotrowski; S Sikorski

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effects of atrazine on hepatic metabolism and endocrine homeostasis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)  

SciTech Connect

The herbicide atrazine (ATZ) is one of the most widely used pesticides in the world and is now under scrutiny for its alleged capacity to disrupt the endocrine system. Exhibiting negligible interaction with the estrogen receptor (ER), ATZ's mode of action remains to be elucidated. ATZ may act as an inducer of the enzyme aromatase, which converts androgens to estrogens, although other mechanisms should also be taken into consideration such as impairment of hepatic metabolism. Therefore we administered juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) a dose of either 2 or 200 {mu}g ATZ/kg, or of carrier control phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and we measured plasma concentrations of testosterone (T), 17beta-estradiol (E2) and vitellogenin (Vtg) 6 days after exposure. Simultaneously we analyzed hepatic gene expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A and pi-class glutathione S-transferase (GST-P), and catalase (CAT) activity. Although sex steroid levels showed no significant alterations, we found a dose-dependent increase in Vtg and a concomitant decrease in CYP1A. There was no effect of ATZ on GST-P mRNA levels but GST-P was positively correlated with CYP1A. Also, CYP1A was negatively correlated with liver CAT and E2, and varied with T concentrations in a hormetic manner. The results showed that ATZ can alter hepatic metabolism, induce estrogenic effects and oxidative stress in vivo, and that these effects are linked.

Salaberria, Iurgi [Department of Zoology and Animal Cell Biology, University of the Basque Country, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain); Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)], E-mail: iurgi.salaberria@hotmail.com; Hansen, Bjorn Henrik [SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Marine Environmental Technology, N-7465 Trondheim (Norway); Asensio, Vega [Department of Zoology and Animal Cell Biology, University of the Basque Country, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain); Olsvik, Pal A. [National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES), Nordnes, N-5817 Bergen (Norway); Andersen, Rolf A.; Jenssen, Bjorn Munro [Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Isotope Effect in Adhesion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotope Effect in Adhesion ... We report the first observation of an isotope effect in adhesion. ... The results are presented in Figure 3. Clearly, the isotope effect is very significant, substantiating the proposed H-bonding interactions between the PDMS and Si?OH(D) surfaces. ...

Gun Young Choi; Abraham Ulman; Yitzhak Shnidman; Walter Zurawsky; Cathy Fleischer

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

129

Blowing Ratio Effects on Film Cooling Effectiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research focuses on testing the film cooling effectiveness on a gas turbine blade suction side surface. The test is performed on a five bladed cascade with a blow down facility. Four different blowing ratios are used in this study, which are 0...

Liu, Kuo-Chun

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

130

Advanced Target Effects Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modeling of NDCX-II experiments include certain lower temper- ature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally present in extreme...

131

Angular Doppler effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An angular analog of the Doppler effect arising from the quantum of angular momentum carried by circularly polarized photons is presented and developed. Applications to rotational...

Garetz, Bruce A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Fuel and Lubricant Effects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel and Lubricant Effects Fuels Research, DOE agreements 13415, 13425 Bruce G. Bunting, Mike Bunce, Kukwon Cho, Jun Qu, Robert Crawford, Jim Szybist, Scott Sluder, John Storey,...

133

Cytoplasmic Fusion and the Nature of Sexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that: (i) in systems with fusion of gametes, the mating type genes are typically binary...independently associated with fusion, although at least twice binary types have been lost, associated with a loss of fusion; further, in accordance...

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Why are There Only Two Sexes?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the same logic, two mating-types is the least expected state...if species with two mating-types coordinate uniparental inheritance...collapse from four mating-types to three is possible, but the...it is expected that gametic fusion should be abandoned for a system...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Adiposity and Sex Hormones in Girls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357...protein kinase shares precisely the same constellation of 13 side chains comprising the MET active...

Heather J. Baer; Graham A. Colditz; Walter C. Willett; and Joanne F. Dorgan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

SEX EDUCATION AND GUIDANCE : AN EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... last year;and the Ministry of Health is now collaborating with the Central Councilfor Health Education in giving widespread publicity to the facts about venereal disease through advertisements which are to ... and provincial newspapers. The Ministry and the Central Council have also arranged for film and poster displays, and the Central Council has produced a variety of leaflets for distribution to ...

R. SUTHERLAND

1943-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

137

AGEING AND SEXING COMMON WAXBILL ESTRILDA ASTRILD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%. student,s t for mensural data; Kruskal-Wallis H for biII colour and UTc score. Includes one female

de Villiers, Marienne

138

Sex Ratio Manipulation and Selection for Attractiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...bent by objects. The emission of electric organ discharges (EOD's) generates an electric field around the animal. Elec-troreceptors...extraneous signals that can distort the electric field (includ-ing EOD's emitted by a neighbor) can therefore alter the amplitude...

NANCY BURLEY

1981-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

139

Evolutionary genomics: Sex and the X  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... D. & Endler, J.) 180–207 (Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, 1989).Saifi, G. M. & Chandra, H. S. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. ...

Laurence D. Hurst

2001-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

140

X-RAYS AND THE SEX CHROMOSOMES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Isleta Indians: ALBERT B. iREAGAN. $o'oic b-is"ds of the 07k1lahovia Palnhandle: R. C. TATE. Additiondl evide)i,cfe on, thec possibilityj of the icd(Inption. ot the C/root plains fronz its scem7-i-arid condition1 J. B. T1oBURms...

James W. Mayor

1923-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Depleted Uranium Health Effects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Depleted Uranium Health Effects Depleted Uranium Health Effects Depleted Uranium line line Uranium Enrichment Depleted Uranium Health Effects Depleted Uranium Health Effects Discussion of health effects of external exposure, ingestion, and inhalation of depleted uranium. Depleted uranium is not a significant health hazard unless it is taken into the body. External exposure to radiation from depleted uranium is generally not a major concern because the alpha particles emitted by its isotopes travel only a few centimeters in air or can be stopped by a sheet of paper. Also, the uranium-235 that remains in depleted uranium emits only a small amount of low-energy gamma radiation. However, if allowed to enter the body, depleted uranium, like natural uranium, has the potential for both chemical and radiological toxicity with the two important target organs

142

Cost Effective Sustainable Housing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cost Effective Sustainable Housing The topic of research which was discussed throughout this study was an analysis of sustainable development between single-family and multi-family structures.… (more)

Morton, Joshua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Writing Effective Business Rules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Writing Effective Business Rules moves beyond the fundamental dilemma of system design: defining business rules either in natural language, intelligible but often ambiguous, or program code (or rule engine instructions), unambiguous but unintelligible ...

Graham Witt

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Modulational effects in accelerators  

SciTech Connect

We discuss effects of field modulations in accelerators, specifically those that can be used for operational beam diagnostics and beam halo control. In transverse beam dynamics, combined effects of nonlinear resonances and tune modulations influence diffusion rates with applied tune modulation has been demonstrated. In the longitudinal domain, applied RF phase and voltage modulations provide mechanisms for parasitic halo transport, useful in slow crystal extraction. Experimental experiences with transverse tune and RF modulations are also discussed.

Satogata, T.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Un-Casimir effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present the un-Casimir effect, namely the study of the Casimir energy related to the presence of an un-particle component in addition to the electromagnetic field contribution. We derive this result by considering modifications of the Feynman propagator in the unparticle sector. The contribution of unparticles turns out to be the integral of Casimir energies for particles at fixed mass with a weight depending on the scaling dimension. The distinctive feature of the un-Casimir effect is a fractalization of metallic plates. This fact emerges through a new dependence of the Casimir energy on the distance between plates, that scales with a continuous power controlled by the scaling dimension. More importantly the un-Casimir effect offers a reliable testbed for unparticle physics. We find bounds on the unparticle scale that are independent on the effective coupling constant describing the interaction between the scale invariant sector and ordinary matter. Therefore the un-Casimir effect, contrary to what found in previous unparticle physics situations (\\textit{e.g.} g-2 and a variety LEP/LHC data analyses), actually removes the ambiguity associated to the value of such a coupling. We also discuss some of the possible implications for unparticle physics when non-perfect conducting plates are considered.

Antonia M. Frassino; Piero Nicolini; Orlando Panella

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

146

BASE - Rad Effects - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects Effects About the BASE Facility The BASE Facility operates in conjunction with the 88-inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide beams of protons and heavy ions for radiation effects testing. When running, the facility is manned 24-hours a day with additional support on call. Assistance is available for shipping and receiving. Contact us for current hourly rates. Bragg curve plots, published papers, and other useful information are available here on our website. For information on the experiment approval process, beam time scheduling, or technical details on beamline setup and operation, contact Mike Johnson at (510) 486-4389 or MBJohnson@lbl.gov. More information is available here: Protons (Cave 4A) Heavy Ions (Cave 4B) Neutrons (Cave 0)

147

Cost effective lighting  

SciTech Connect

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen-hours are determined for each lamp system. We find the most important lighting cost component is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial cost of $15.00, is the most cost effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined. 3 refs., 6 tabs.

Morse, O.; Verderber, R.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Radiation effects on humans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation effects on humans Radiation effects on humans Name: Joe Kemna Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am trying to find information on radiation. I need the effects on humans, the damage it causes to the environment, and any extra information you might have on the subject. Thank you for your time. Replies: Your library should be a good place to start, but first you need to narrow your question a bit. "Radiation" means radio waves, heat, light (including the ultraviolet light that causes suntan and sunburn), and what's called "ionizing radiation." By far the major source of the first three is the Sun, while the last I believe comes principally from cosmic rays and various naturally radioactive elements like uranium and radon. The most significant manmade sources of exposure would --- I think --- be household wiring and appliances (radio), engines and heating devices (heat), lamps (light), and X-ray machines, flying at high altitude in airplanes, and living in well-insulated homes built over radon sources (ionizing radiation). Heat, light and ionizing radiation play vital roles in the ecology of the Earth. Radio, light (in particular "tanning" ultraviolet), and ionizing radiation have all been widely assumed at different times to be particularly good or particularly bad for human health. Some recent issues of public concern have been the effect of radio waves from electric transmission lines, the effect on skin cancer incidence from tanning and sunburns, the depletion of the ultraviolet-light-produced ozone in the upper atmosphere by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), "global warming" from the increased absorption of heat radiation from the surface by atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane, and the effect of a long exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation as for example the people of Eastern Europe are experiencing from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.

149

Wood Quality: The Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Quality: The Effects of Planting Density and Thinning Eini C. Lowell PNW Research Station wood quality? By volume, characteristic, product? #12;http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007, faster #12;What is it that defines wood quality?What is it that defines wood quality? Density: earlywood

150

Air Products effective way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PE O A e s a b O T A O ENNST Overview Air Products effective way standard me Departm Shipping has recently y of shipping eans. Air Pro ontainer that es of this pro onduct mark eep accelera eep the cost tilize widely a earch and m m visited Air er needs wer model was cr m approache ms

Demirel, Melik C.

151

Effectiveness Safety Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increase the Effectiveness of Your Safety Committee Lisa Tobiason An equal opportunity educator 302 Acres. ­ East Campus 338 Acres. #12;UNL Safety Committees · Chancellors University Safety Committee (CUSC). · Unit Safety Committees. ­ Thirty-two active committees representing Lincoln campuses

Farritor, Shane

152

Testosterone and 11-ketotestosterone have different regulatory effects on electric communication signals of male Brachyhypopomus gauderio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The communication signals of electric fish can be dynamic, varying between the sexes on a circadian rhythm and in response to social and environmental cues. In the gymnotiform fish Brachyhypopomus gauderio waveform shape of the electric organ discharge (EOD) is regulated by steroid and peptide hormones. Furthermore, EOD amplitude and duration change on different timescales and in response to different social stimuli, suggesting that they are regulated by different mechanisms. Little is known about how androgen and peptide hormone systems interact to regulate signal waveform. We investigated the relationship between the androgens testosterone (T) and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT), the melanocortin peptide hormone ?-MSH, and their roles in regulating EOD waveform of male B. gauderio. Males were implanted with androgen (T, 11-KT, or blank), and injected with ?-MSH before and at the peak of androgen effect. We compared the effects of androgen implants and social interactions by giving males a size-matched male stimulus with which they could interact electrically. Social stimuli and both androgens increased EOD duration, but only social stimuli and 11-KT elevated amplitude. However, no androgen enhanced EOD amplitude to the extent of a social stimulus, suggesting that a yet unidentified hormonal pathway regulates this signal parameter. Additionally, both androgens increased response of EOD duration to ?-MSH, but only 11-KT increased response of EOD amplitude to ?-MSH. Social stimuli had no effect on EOD response to ?-MSH. The finding that EOD amplitude is preferentially regulated by 11-KT in B. gauderio may provide the basis for independent control of amplitude and duration.

Anna Goldina; Sat Gavassa; Philip K. Stoddard

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Beating the teapot effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the dripping of liquids around solid surfaces in the regime of inertial flows, a situation commonly encountered with the so-called "teapot effect". We demonstrate that surface wettability is an unexpected key factor in controlling flow separation and dripping, the latter being completely suppressed in the limit of superhydrophobic substrates. This unforeseen coupling is rationalized in terms of a novel hydro-capillary adhesion framework, which couples inertial flows to surface wettability effects. This description of flow separation successfully captures the observed dependence on the various experimental parameters - wettability, flow velocity, solid surface edge curvature-. As a further illustration of this coupling, a real-time control of dripping is demonstrated using electro-wetting for contact angle actuation.

Duez, C; Clanet, C; Bocquet, L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Beating the teapot effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the dripping of liquids around solid surfaces in the regime of inertial flows, a situation commonly encountered with the so-called "teapot effect". We demonstrate that surface wettability is an unexpected key factor in controlling flow separation and dripping, the latter being completely suppressed in the limit of superhydrophobic substrates. This unforeseen coupling is rationalized in terms of a novel hydro-capillary adhesion framework, which couples inertial flows to surface wettability effects. This description of flow separation successfully captures the observed dependence on the various experimental parameters - wettability, flow velocity, solid surface edge curvature-. As a further illustration of this coupling, a real-time control of dripping is demonstrated using electro-wetting for contact angle actuation.

C. Duez; C. Ybert; C. Clanet; L. Bocquet

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

155

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiscal Year 2014 Fiscal Year 2014 Effective Rate Period As of Beginning of the FY 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement $73,441,557 CV-F13 Base Resource Revenue Requirement $69,585,875 First Preference Revenue Requirement $3,855,682

156

Creating effective character animation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 2 Parametric Surlaces. . . . . 4. 3 Implicit Surfaces . . . . . . 24 . . . . . 25 30 Page CHAPTER V COMPUTER BASED METHODS OF ANIMATION . . . , . . . . . 32 5, 1 Kinematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. 2 Lattice... deformed lattice over a VW Bug model. . . 41 Fig. 15. A sphere with selected surface points . Fig. 16. A sphere with transhtel surface points. . . . . . Fig. 17. Varying areas of influence around metabaHs and their effects on the metaball systems...

Gerwig, Jennifer

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University VCE-412NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, g  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. � Ground shaking can collapse buildings and bridges, and disrupt gas, electric and phone service or cascading effects associated with earthquakes may affect people. � Ground shaking is the movement of water from earthquake shaking. � Fire may be caused by the violent disruptions to electrical, natural

Liskiewicz, Maciej

158

2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2906-1317 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the state. This year we are developing a number of very targeted organic vegetable projects here at Virginia Development Association" (Abington VA (276)-623-1121), both with strong memberships. Additional links, others may border on being snake oil, or perhaps they have varying degrees of effectiveness

Liskiewicz, Maciej

159

2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University VCE-413NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, g  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Virginia State, Petersburg. Floods Disaster Fact Sheet Floods are one of the most common hazards in the United States. A flood is defined as any high flow, overflow or inundation by water that causes or threat- ens damage. Flood effects can be local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affect

Liskiewicz, Maciej

160

2012 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University FST-57NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Quality All raw food items contain microorganisms. These microorganisms can eventually lead to food. With an understanding of how food microorganisms grow and survive, we can more effectively preserve food and increase quality, in mind. However, with a sound understanding of how food microorganisms grow and survive

Liskiewicz, Maciej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Vibration by relativistic effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativity, time reversal invariance in mechanics and principle of causality can be in the bases of a type of vibration of the extensive objects. It is because, the detailed analysis of the relativistic movement of an extensive body entail that all the objects must have inherent a vibratory movement to their own size. Such effect does not happen when it works with point particles thus is not stranger who happens unnoticed in the traditional studies. Also we can find relation between the form of vibration of the extensive objects and the energy that calculates by quantum considerations.

Enrique Oradaz Romay

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

162

Meteorological Effects on Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 June 1977 research-article Meteorological Effects on Solar Cells J. R. Mallinson P. T. Landsberg The effect of different meteorological conditions on solar cell outputs has been investigated...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Greenhouse Effect Temperature Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Greenhouse Effect #12;Temperature Equilibrium The Earth is in equilibrium with the Sun temperature is about 14C, or 287K. The 40K difference is due to the greenhouse effect. Essentially all

Walter, Frederick M.

164

The Generation Effect and Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. A. (2007). The generation effect: A meta- analyticBjork, R. A. (1988). The generation effect: Support for aE. J. (2012). The next generation: The value of reminding.

Rosner, Zachary Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Sustaining Cost-Effective Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents how understanding the way in which customers' minds process incentives can help energy efficiency programs structure effective incentives.

166

Cost Effectiveness NW Energy Coalition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Action 8 Cost Effectiveness Manual Kim Drury NW Energy Coalition Context · Inconsistent understanding of cost effectiveness contributed to under performing conservation E.g: individual measures vs at end of 2009 #12;2 The thinking was . . . That a Cost Effectiveness Guide could: · Increase regionally

167

Solar Neutrino Matter Effects Redux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following recent low-threshold analysis of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and asymmetry measurements of the BOREXINO Collaboration of the solar neutrino flux, we revisit the analysis of the matter effects in the Sun. We show that solar neutrino data constrains the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ poorly and that subdominant Standard Model effects can mimic the effects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

A. B. Balantekin; A. Malkus

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

168

2, 289337, 2002 Greenhouse effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 2, 289­337, 2002 Greenhouse effect and climate stability V. G. Gorshkov and A. M. Makarieva water vapour concentration, dependence of the planetary greenhouse effect on atmospheric water content to dynamic singularities in the physical temperature-dependent behaviour of the greenhouse effect. We

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect Part-5a Solar + Earth Spectrum IR Absorbers Grey Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect #12;Radiation: Solar and Earth Surface B"(T) Planck Ideal Emission Integrate at the carbon cycle #12;However, #12;Greenhouse Effect is Complex #12;PLANETARY ENERGY BALANCE G+W fig 3-5

Johnson, Robert E.

170

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter about it.But nobody does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we

Schwartz, Stephen E.

171

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz September 22, 2004 http://www.ecd.bnl.gov/steve/schwartz.html #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something

Schwartz, Stephen E.

172

The Greenhouse Effect without Feedbacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Greenhouse Effect without Feedbacks #12;Three Pillars Behind Climate Change! #12;1. Global. Greenhouse Gases have been on the increase. #12;3. The Greenhouse effect is a powerful theory that explains! natural greenhouse effect! · an empirical introduction #12;Moral of the story: The doubling of CO2 causes

173

The Energy Diameter Effect  

SciTech Connect

We explore various relations for the detonation energy and velocity as they relate to the inverse radius of the cylinder. The detonation rate-inverse slope relation seen in reactive flow models can be used to derive the familiar Eyring equation. Generalized inverse radii can be shown to fit large quantities of cylinder results. A rough relation between detonation energy and detonation velocity is found from collected JWL values. Cylinder test data for ammonium nitrate mixes down to 6.35 mm radii are presented, and a size energy effect is shown to exist in the Cylinder test data. The relation that detonation energy is roughly proportional to the square of the detonation velocity is shown by data and calculation.

Vitello, P; Garza, R; Hernandez, A; Souers, P C

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Energy Diameter Effect  

SciTech Connect

Various relations for the detonation energy and velocity as they relate to the inverse radius of the cylinder are explored. The detonation rate-inverse slope relation seen in reactive flow models can be used to derive the familiar Eyring equation. Generalized inverse radii can be shown to fit large quantities of cylinder and sphere results. A rough relation between detonation energy and detonation velocity is found from collected JWL values. Cylinder test data for ammonium nitrate mixes down to 6.35 mm radii are presented, and a size energy effect is shown to exist in the Cylinder test data. The relation that detonation energy is roughly proportional to the square of the detonation velocity is shown by data and calculation.

Souers, P; Vitello, P; Garza, R; Hernandez, A

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

TOWARD MORE EFFECTIVE REGULATION  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a model relationship between the operator engaged in a hazardous activity, the regulator of that activity, and the general public. The roles and responsibilities of each entity are described in a way that allows effective communication flow. The role of the regulator is developed using the steam boiler as an example of a hazard subject to regulation; however, the model applies to any regulated activity. In this model the safety analyst has the extremely important role of communicating sometimes difficult technical information to the regulator in a way that the regulator can provide credible assurance to the general public as to the adequacy of the control of the hazardous activity. The conclusion asserts that acceptance of the model, understanding of the roles and responsibilities and definition of who communicates what information to whom will mitigate frustration on the part of each of the three entities.

J. GRAF

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Effects of red tide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of red tide Effects of red tide Name: Mrs. Corwin's 5th grade class Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: My 5th grade class would like to know why is it that red tide only affects humans and not lobsters, fish, etc. Why is the micro-organism so toxic to humans? Waiting to learn.... Replies: Without going into too much detail, the microorganisms responsible for causing red tide can live within the shellfish without killing them because the chemicals they produce which imbue everything with the characteristic red color aren't toxic to the shellfish. It's just our bad luck that those very same chemicals happen to interact with our body chemistries in the ways that can't occur in shellfish. --Wordsworth As it turns out, red tides do affect other vertebrates (animals with backbones), in fact, they are responsible for huge, stinky die-offs of fish that wash up on shore during a "red tide". The microorganism responsible for the occurrence of a red tide is the "dinoflagellate", there are different types of dinoflagellates, and as I understand it, they produce different types of toxins, but usually the toxin responsible for the die-offs is what is called a "neurotoxin", which affects the heart , slowing it down. This reduces blood circulation, and the reduced blood circulation to the gills results in oxygen starvation, and the fish dies. As far as I know, however, this toxin only affects vertebrates, and not invertebrates (animals without backbones) like the clam and lobster.

177

Shaped hole effects on film cooling effectiveness and a comparison of multiple effectiveness measurement techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods show a good comparison, especially for the higher blowing ratios. The PSP technique shows the most accurate measurements and has more advantages for measuring film cooling effectiveness. Also, the effect of blowing ratio on the film cooling...

Varvel, Trent Alan

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

178

The effect of prepuberal castration on the lumen and periurethral tissue of the penile urethra of the cat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, R. K-: Sex and Inteznal Secretions. Edited by W. C. Young. Williams 8 Wilkins Co. , Baltimore, Md. , 1961. 4. Burrows, H. : Biological Action of Sex Hozmones. 2nd ed. Cambridge at the University Press, London, 1949. 5. Carbone, M. G. : Perineal.... ~ 1956. 13. Hadleigh, M. : Newsom's Sheep Diseases. 3rd ed. Williams R Wilkins Co. , Baltimore, Md. , 1965. 14. Holzworth, J. : Some Important Disoxders of Cats. Cornell Vet. , 53, (1963): 157-159. 15. Humason, G. L ~: Animal Tissue Techniques. 2nd...

Herron, Mary Alice

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

Report - Considering Cumulative Effects Under NEPA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considering Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental Policy Act Council on Environmental Quality January 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY I INTRODUCTION TO CUMULATIVE EFFECTS ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Purpose of Cumulative Effect sAnalysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Agency Experience with Cumulative Effects Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Principles of Cumulative Effects Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 How Environmental EffectsAccumulate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Roadmap tothe Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2 SCOPING FOR CUMULATIVE EFFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Identifying Cumulative Effects Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Bounding Cumulative Effects Analysis . . . . . . . . . .

180

Electron Effective Mass in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The particle effective mass in graphene is a challenging concept because the commonly used theoretical expression is mathematically divergent. In this paper, we use basic principles to present a simple theoretical expression for the effective mass that is suitable for both parabolic and non-parabolic isotropic materials. We demonstrate that this definition is consistent with the definition of the cyclotron effective mass, which is one of the common methods for effective mass measurement in solid state materials. We apply the proposed theoretical definition to graphene and demonstrate linear dependence of the effective mass on momentum, as confirmed by experimental cyclotron resonance measurements. Therefore, the proposed definition of the effective mass can be used for non-parabolic materials such as graphene.

Viktor Ariel; Amir Natan

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Strengths and limitations of using repeat-dose toxicity studies to predict effects on fertility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The upcoming European chemicals legislation REACH (Registration, Evaluation, and Authorisation of Chemicals) will require the risk assessment of many thousands of chemicals. It is therefore necessary to develop intelligent testing strategies to ensure that chemicals of concern are identified whilst minimising the testing of chemicals using animals. Xenobiotics may perturb the reproductive cycle, and for this reason several reproductive studies are recommended under REACH. One of the endpoints assessed in this battery of tests is mating performance and fertility. Animal tests that address this endpoint use a relatively large number of animals and are also costly in terms of resource, time, and money. If it can be shown that data from non-reproductive studies such as in-vitro or repeat-dose toxicity tests are capable of generating reliable alerts for effects on fertility then some animal testing may be avoided. Available rat sub-chronic and fertility data for 44 chemicals that have been classified by the European Union as toxic to fertility were therefore analysed for concordance of effects. Because it was considered appropriate to read across data for some chemicals these data sets were considered relevant for 73 of the 102 chemicals currently classified as toxic to reproduction (fertility) under this system. For all but 5 of these chemicals it was considered that a well-performed sub-chronic toxicity study would have detected pathology in the male, and in some cases, the female reproductive tract. Three showed evidence of direct interaction with oestrogen or androgen receptors (linuron, nonylphenol, and fenarimol). The remaining chemicals (quinomethionate and azafenidin) act by modes of action that do not require direct interaction with steroid receptors. However, both these materials caused in-utero deaths in pre-natal developmental toxicity studies, and the relatively low \\{NOAELs\\} and the nature of the hazard identified in the sub-chronic tests provides an alert for possible effects on fertility (or early embryonic development), the biological significance of which can be ascertained in a littering (e.g. 2-generation) study. From the chemicals reviewed it would appear that where there are no alerts from a repeat-dose toxicity study, a pre-natal developmental toxicity study and sex steroid receptor binding assays, there exists a low priority for animal studies to address the fertility endpoint. The ability for these types of tests to provide alerts for effects on fertility is clearly dependent on the mode of action of the toxicant in question. Further work should therefore be performed to determine the ‘failure rate’ of this type of approach when applied to a larger group of chemicals with diverse modes of action.

M.P. Dent

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors Guidance on working effectively with contractors. MAPolicyMemoWorkingwContracto...

183

Chirality effects in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider chirality related effects in optical, photogalvanic, and electron-transport properties of carbon nanotubes. We show that these properties of chiral nanotubes are determined by terms in the electron effective Hamiltonian describing the coupling between the electron wave vector along the tube principal axis and the orbital momentum around the tube circumference. We develop a theory of photogalvanic effects and a theory of dc electric current, which is linear in the magnetic field and quadratic in the bias voltage. Moreover, we present analytic estimations for the natural circular dichroism and magnetospatial effect in the light absorption.

E. L. Ivchenko and B. Spivak

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

184

Mass-Independent Isotope Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientific interests: ESR and NMR spectroscopies, molecular magnets, mechanisms of chemical and biochemical reactions, spin physics and chemistry, isotopes and isotope effects in chemistry and biochemistry. ... Another mass-independent isotope effect was detected in 1983 as a deviation of isotopic distribution in reaction products from that which would be expected from the mass-dependent isotope effect. ... Later, Nomura et al.(92) have found isotopic 233U anomaly in the U4+–U6+ exchange reaction; they noted that the isotope effect was correlated with isotope shifts in the atomic spectra of uranium isotopes. ...

Anatoly L. Buchachenko

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

185

Searching for Novel Gravitational Effects  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Stubbs, Chair of the Physics Department at Harvard University, discusses experiments that search for novel gravitational effect and scientific observations about it.

Christopher Stubb

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

New Interactions in Effective Theory.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I studied the physics beyond the Standard Model by using effective field theory. I built models of new heavy physics and obtained their low energy… (more)

Kim, Kyungwook

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Isotope Effects and Medium Effects on Sulfuryl Transfer Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kinetic isotope effects and medium effects have been measured for sulfuryl-transfer reactions of the sulfate ester p-nitrophenyl sulfate (pNPS). The results are compared to those from previous studies of phosphoryl transfer, a reaction with mechanistic ...

Richard H. Hoff; Paul Larsen; Alvan C. Hengge

2001-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effects of Small Oscillations on the Effective Area  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the effective area of the Simbol-X mirrors as a function of the off-axis angle for small oscillations. A reduction is expected due to: 1) geometrical effects, because some of the photons miss the secondary mirror surface; 2) reflectivity effects, caused by the variation of the coating reflectivity with the incidence angle. The former are related to the length of the two mirror surfaces, and can be reduced by making the secondary mirror longer. The second ones are energy-dependent, and strongly related to the characteristics of the reflecting coating. These effects are analyzed by means of ray-tracing simulations in order to optimize the mirror and coating design, aiming to improve the effective area stability.

Cotroneo, V. [Brera Astronomical Observatory/INAF (Italy); Universita degli Studi Milano (Italy); Conconi, P.; Pareschi, G.; Spiga, D.; Tagliaferri, G. [Brera Astronomical Observatory/INAF (Italy); Cusumano, G. [IASF-Pa Palermo (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

189

Hall Effect, Magnetoresistance, and Size Effects in Copper  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the Hall coefficient of several annealed polycrystalline Cu strips of resistivity ratio ?(273°K)?(4.2°K)?450 and thicknesses ranging from 0.05 to 1.6 mm have revealed the existence of a marked size effect at low temperatures. The effect is orders of magnitude greater than that to be expected on the basis of free-electron theory. It is suggested that earlier low-temperature data on the Hall effect of thin high-purity samples are subject to uncertainties arising from such effects. Size effects were also evident in the transverse magnetoresistance. At high fields, a tendency toward saturation in the transverse magnetoresistance was observed for thick samples. The temperature dependence of the Hall coefficient has also been studied.

Ted G. Berlincourt

1958-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Effect of Field Size and Length of Plantar Spur on Treatment Outcome in Radiation Therapy of Plantar Fasciitis: The Bigger the Better?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiation therapy is well established in the treatment of painful plantar fasciitis or heel spur. A retrospective analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of field definition on treatment outcome and to determine the impact of factors potentially involved. Methods and Materials: A review of treatment data of 250 patients (285 heels) with a mean follow-up time of 11 months showed that complete symptom remission occurred in 38%, partial remission in 32%, and no change in 19% (11% were lost to follow-up). Variables such as radiologic evidence of plantar spurs, their length, radiation dose, field size, age, sex, and onset of pain before administration of radiation therapy were investigated in univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Results: Treatment response depended upon age >53 years, length of heel spur ?6.5 mm (or no radiologic evidence of a heel spur), and onset of pain <12 months before radiation therapy. Patients with these clinical prerequisites stood a 93% chance of clinical response. Without these prerequisites, only 49% showed any impact. No influence of field size on treatment outcome became evident. Conclusion: Patients with short plantar heel spurs benefit from radiation therapy equally well as patients without any radiologic evidence. Moreover, smaller field sizes have the same positive effect as commonly used large field definitions covering the entire calcaneal bone. This leads to a recommendation of a considerable reduction of field size in future clinical practice.

Hermann, Robert Michael, E-mail: hermann@strahlentherapie-westerstede.com [Zentrum für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Bremen/Westerstede (Germany); Abteilung Strahlentherapie und Spezielle Onkologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (Germany); Meyer, Andreas [Abteilung Strahlentherapie und Spezielle Onkologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (Germany); Gemeinschaftspraxis für Strahlentherapie Hildesheim/Goslar (Germany); Becker, Alexandra [Zentrum für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Bremen/Westerstede (Germany); Schneider, Michael [Orthopaedic Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Würzburg (Germany); Reible, Michael; Carl, Ulrich Martin [Zentrum für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Bremen/Westerstede (Germany); Christiansen, Hans [Abteilung Strahlentherapie und Spezielle Onkologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (Germany); Nitsche, Mirko [Zentrum für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Bremen/Westerstede (Germany); Klinik für Strahlentherapie, Karl-Lennert-Krebscentrum, Universität Kiel (Germany)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference George R. Hess An effective poster will help you. A poster is a visual communication tool. Posters serve as ... » a source of information » a conversation starter » a summary of your work » an advertisement of your work Resources for Poster Presenters George

Movileanu, Liviu

192

Effectiveness Review Overview Theresa Triplett  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;10 Performing An Effectiveness Review · Review causal analysis report and/or the assessment report are not included in the effectiveness review · Team composition requires an independent party #12;5 What a single area of exposure. Note: A combination of methodologies may be appropriate #12;7 Performing

193

Effect of time horizon on incremental cost-effectiveness ratios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Estimation of cost-effectiveness of a therapy as compared with another, in healthcare, is often based on a single perspective and a single time horizon. In this thesis, I explored methods of extrapolating the ...

Sondhi, Manu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Effects of the UV filter benzophenone-3 (oxybenzone) at low concentrations in zebrafish (Danio rerio)  

SciTech Connect

Organic UV filters including benzophenone-3 (BP-3) are widely used to protect humans and materials from damage by UV irradiation. Despite the environmental occurrence of BP-3 in the aquatic environment, little is known about its effects and modes of action. In the present study we assess molecular and physiological effects of BP-3 in adult male zebrafish (Danio rerio) and in eleuthero-embryos by a targeted gene expression approach focusing on the sex hormone system. Fish and embryos are exposed for 14 days and 120 hours post fertilization, respectively, to 2.4–312 ?g/L and 8.2–438 ?g/L BP-3. Chemical analysis of water and fish demonstrates that BP-3 is partly transformed to benzophenone-1 (BP-1) and both compounds are accumulated in adult fish. Biotransformation to BP-1 is absent in eleuthero-embryos. BP-3 exposure leads to similar alterations of gene expression in both adult fish and eleuthero-embryos. In the brain of adult males esr1, ar and cyp19b are down-regulated at 84 ?g/L BP-3. There is no induction of vitellogenin expression by BP-3, both at the transcriptional and protein level. An overall down-regulation of the hsd3b, hsd17b3, hsd11b2 and cyp11b2 transcripts is observed in the testes, suggesting an antiandrogenic activity. No histological changes were observed in the testes after BP-3 treatment. The study leads to the conclusion that low concentrations of BP-3 exhibit similar multiple hormonal activities at the transcription level in two different life stages of zebrafish. Forthcoming studies should show whether this translates to additional physiological effects. Highlights: ? Activity of UV filter benzophenone-3 (BP-3) is assessed in zebrafish. ? BP-3 is partly metabolized to benzophenone-1 by adult fish but not embryos. ? Alterations of gene expression are similar in adult males and embryos. ? Gene expression alterations point to multiple hormonal activity of BP-3.

Blüthgen, Nancy [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland) [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); University of Basel, Division of Molecular and Systems Toxicology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Klingelbergstrasse 50, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Zucchi, Sara [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland)] [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); Fent, Karl, E-mail: karl.fent@fhnw.ch [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland) [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gründenstrasse 40, CH?4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Department of Environmental Sciences, CH?8092 Zürich (Switzerland)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effective System Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark It is now generally recognized in the high performance computing community that peak performance does not adequately predict the usefulness of a system for a given set of applications. One of the first benchmarks designed to measure system performance in a real-world operational environment was NERSC's Effective System Performance (ESP) test. NERSC introduced ESP in 1999 with the hope that this test would be of use to system managers and would help to spur the community (both researchers and vendors) to improve system efficiency. The discussion below uses examples from the Cray T3E system that NERSC was operating in 1999. Improved MPP System Efficiency Equals Million-Dollar Savings

196

Web browser security update effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the effectiveness of different Web browser update mechanisms on various operating systems; from Google Chrome's silent update mechanism to Opera's update requiring a full re-installation. We use anonymized logs from Google's world wide distributed ...

Thomas Duebendorfer; Stefan Frei

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Air Pollution and Health Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quality of the air we breathe is still a major concern to human health. Notwithstanding the air pollution mitigation efforts that have been pursued since ... be attributed to the effects of urban outdoor air

Ana Isabel Miranda; Joana Valente…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Biological Effects of Food Antioxidants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The human organism, as well as that of animals, is oxygen-dependent. This implies that oxygen, essential for life, works through a succession of mechanisms which indeed have their limits and their side effects...

P. Bermond

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Health effects of smokeless tobacco  

SciTech Connect

Pharmacologic and physiologic effects of snuff and chewing tobacco include the gamut of cardiovascular, endocrinologic, neurologic, and psychological effects that are associated with nicotine. A review of studies appearing in the scientific literature involving various populations and approaches indicates that the use of snuff or chewing tobacco is associated with a variety of serious adverse effects and especially with oral cancer. The studies suggest that snuff and chewing tobacco also may affect reproduction, longevity, the cardiovascular system, and oral health. The Council on Scientific Affairs concludes there is evidence demonstrating that use of snuff or chewing tobacco is associated with adverse health effects such as oral cancer, urges the implementation of well-planned and long-term studies that will further define the risks of using snuff and chewing tobacco, and recommends that the restrictions applying to the advertising of cigarettes also be applied to the advertising of snuff and chewing tobacco.

Not Available

1986-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

200

Mechanisms of the Bystander Effect  

SciTech Connect

Generations of students in radiation biology have been taught that heritable biological damage requires direct damage to DNA. We now know that this is not true. The Bystander Effect is the name given to the phenomenon whereby biological effects are observed in cells that are not themselves traversed by a charged particle, but are in close proximity to cells that are. Several research groups have convincingly demonstrated a bystander effect for alpha particle, which are heavy and high LET, because charged particles can be focused into a tiny beam that can be directed onto individual cells. The biological effects seen in adjacent non-hit cells clearly represents a bystander effect. It is not so easy to demonstrate a similar effect for x-rays or for the electrons set in motion by the absorption of x-rays. In this project we used two types of cell that could be recognized one from the other. One cell type was fed radioactive tritiated thymidine, which is incorporated into the DNA, . The tritium emits electrons which have a very short range so that they do not even get out of the cell. These cells were then mixed with a different type of cell which are routinely used to assess mutations. The mixed cells formed a cluster, where the two types of cells were in close contact, and left for some hours. Subsequently, the two types of cells were separated and studied. A substantial fraction of the cells that had incorporated the tritiated thymidine were killed by the radiation. The interesting finding is that the cells that had not incorporated tritiated thymidine, but had been in close contact with cells that had, exhibited a significant incidence of mutations. These experiments clearly demonstrated a bystander effect for low LET electrons. In further experiments, it was possible to show that the bystander effect was greatest when the two cell types were in gap junction communication.

Hall, Eric J.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Cataractogenic effects of proton radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of proton radiation damage. The purpose of this study was (1) to determine the relative cataractogenic effects of different proton en- ergies, (2) to determine the relative cataractogenic effects of different radiation doses and (3) to determine... Laboratory in 1945 and 1946. Ten victims were exposed to various doses of moderately fast neutrons and hard gamma rays. In the eight survivors, two radiation cataracts resulted (15). In 1948 it was reported that five nuclear physicists with a common...

Kyzar, James Ronald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Coherence effects in neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effect of coherent and incoherent broadening on neutrino oscillations both in vacuum and in the presence of matter (the MSW effect). We show under very general assumptions that it is not possible to distinguish experimentally neutrinos produced in some region of space as wave packets from those produced in the same region of space as plane waves with the same energy distribution. © 1995 The American Physical Society.

Ken Kiers; Shmuel Nussinov; Nathan Weiss

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Memory effects in turbulent transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the mean-field theory of magnetic fields, turbulent transport, i.e. the turbulent electromotive force, is described by a combination of the alpha effect and turbulent magnetic diffusion, which are usually assumed to be proportional respectively to the mean field and its spatial derivatives. For a passive scalar there is just turbulent diffusion, where the mean flux of concentration depends on the gradient of the mean concentration. However, these proportionalities are approximations that are valid only if the mean field or the mean concentration vary slowly in time. Examples are presented where turbulent transport possesses memory, i.e. where it depends crucially on the past history of the mean field. Such effects are captured by replacing turbulent transport coefficients with time integral kernels, resulting in transport coefficients that depend effectively on the frequency or the growth rate of the mean field itself. In this paper we perform numerical experiments to find the characteristic timescale (or memory length) of this effect as well as simple analytical models of the integral kernels in the case of passive scalar concentrations and kinematic dynamos. The integral kernels can then be used to find self-consistent growth or decay rates of the mean fields. In mean-field dynamos the growth rates and cycle periods based on steady state values of alpha effect and turbulent diffusivity can be quite different from the actual values.

Alexander Hubbard; Axel Brandenburg

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

Effects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In the latter case an arbitrary boundary condition at r1 excites in the resistive MHD model a very rapidly growing solution in the region outside the resonance layer...

205

What Makes an Icon Effective?  

SciTech Connect

Several criteria like conspicuity, legibility, and comprehension must be met for an icon to be effective. Previous studies found that visual and cognitive features of icons have significant influence on meeting the criteria for icon effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to present a review on visual features (color, shape, size) and cognitive features (familiarity, concreteness, complexity, meaningfulness, semantic distance). The influence of these features on icon effectiveness was studied. The relationships amongst cognitive features and ways to quantify cognitive features were identified. Suggestions regarding opportunities for future research on icons were also highlighted. Such a review would be helpful in formulating research plans and methodologies for icon studies in the future. In addition, this review would facilitate graphic designers to create more user-friendly icons in various contexts.

Ng, Annie Wy; Chan, Alan Hs [Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Engineering Management City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong (Hong Kong)

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

206

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler,; Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A (Livermore, CA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

207

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more frusto-conically-tapered telescoping rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration by the friction fit of adjacent pairs of frusto-conically-tapered rings to each other.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler, Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A. (Livermore, CA)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Casimir Effect on the Worldline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a method to compute the Casimir effect for arbitrary geometries. The method is based on the string-inspired worldline approach to quantum field theory and its numerical realization with Monte-Carlo techniques. Concentrating on Casimir forces between rigid bodies induced by a fluctuating scalar field, we test our method with the parallel-plate configuration. For the experimentally relevant sphere-plate configuration, we study curvature effects quantitatively and perform a comparison with the ``proximity force approximation'', which is the standard approximation technique. Sizable curvature effects are found for a distance-to-curvature-radius ratio of a/R >~ 0.02. Our method is embedded in renormalizable quantum field theory with a controlled treatment of the UV divergencies. As a technical by-product, we develop various efficient algorithms for generating closed-loop ensembles with Gaussian distribution.

Holger Gies; Kurt Langfeld; Laurent Moyaerts

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

What Makes an Icon Effective?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several criteria like conspicuity legibility and comprehension must be met for an icon to be effective. Previous studies found that visual and cognitive features of icons have significant influence on meeting the criteria for icon effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to present a review on visual features (color shape size) and cognitive features (familiarity concreteness complexity meaningfulness semantic distance). The influence of these features on icon effectiveness was studied. The relationships amongst cognitive features and ways to quantify cognitive features were identified. Suggestions regarding opportunities for future research on icons were also highlighted. Such a review would be helpful in formulating research plans and methodologies for icon studies in the future. In addition this review would facilitate graphic designers to create more user?friendly icons in various contexts.

Annie Wy Ng; Alan Hs Chan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Economic effects of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assuming that global oil production peaked, this paper uses scenario analysis to show the economic effects of a possible supply shortage and corresponding rise in oil prices in the next decade on different sectors in Germany and other major economies such as the US, Japan, China, the OPEC or Russia. Due to the price-inelasticity of oil demand the supply shortage leads to a sharp increase in oil prices in the second scenario, with high effects on GDP comparable to the magnitude of the global financial crises in 2008/09. Oil exporting countries benefit from high oil prices, whereas oil importing countries are negatively affected. Generally, the effects in the third scenario are significantly smaller than in the second, showing that energy efficiency measures and the switch to renewable energy sources decreases the countries' dependence on oil imports and hence reduces their vulnerability to oil price shocks on the world market.

Christian Lutz; Ulrike Lehr; Kirsten S. Wiebe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Atmospheric Plasma Effect on Cotton Nonwovens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric Plasma Effect on Cotton Nonwovens ... (22) Plasma II is more effective than Plasma I with the ability to develop homogeneous plasmas and eliminate boundary-layer air effects. ...

Sudheer Jinka; Uday Turaga; Vinitkumar Singh; Rachel L. Behrens; Cenk Gumeci; Carol Korzeniewski; Todd Anderson; Rory Wolf; Seshadri Ramkumar

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

212

Thermodynamics of the magnetocaloric effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between the behavior of the temperature-dependent heat capacity at constant pressure measured in different magnetic fields and the magnetocaloric effect in magnetic systems with and without discontinuous change of entropy is discussed. It is shown that the two are directly related to each other, and if the behavior of either property (i.e., the heat capacity or the magnetocaloric effect) is known, the general behavior of the second one can be predicted. The derived relationships are illustrated using several sets of experimental data and model examples.

V. K. Pecharsky; K. A. Gschneidner; Jr.; A. O. Pecharsky; A. M. Tishin

2001-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Greenhouse Effect Does Exist!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In particular, without the greenhouse effect, essential features of the atmospheric temperature profile as a function of height cannot be described, i.e., the existence of the tropopause above which we see an almost isothermal temperature curve, whereas beneath it the temperature curve is nearly adiabatic. The relationship between the greenhouse effect and observed temperature curve is explained and the paper by Gerlich and Tscheuschner [arXiv:0707.1161] critically analyzed. Gerlich and Tscheuschner called for this discussion in their paper.

Ebel, Jochen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Ridge effect and alignment phenomenon  

SciTech Connect

It is assumed that the ridge effect observed by the CMS Collaboration in proton-proton collisions at the LHC and the phenomenon observed by the Pamir Collaboration in emulsion experiments with cosmic rays and characterized by the alignment of spots on a film is a manifestation of the same as-yet-unknown mechanism of the emergence of a coplanar structure of events. A large coplanar effect at the LHC in the region of forward rapidities is predicted on the basis of this hypothesis and an analysis of experimental data.

Lokhtin, I. P., E-mail: lokhtin@mail.cern.ch; Managadze, A. K., E-mail: akmanag48@mail.ru; Snigirev, A. M., E-mail: snigirev@lav01.sinp.msu.ru [Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SUBSIDENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enviromen- tal Effects of Geothermal Power Production: PhaseEnvironmental Effects of Geothermal Power Production: PhaseThe Wairakei Geothermal Power Plant is 10 kilometers north

Viets, V.F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, Sediment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, Sediment Transport, and Water Quality) Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, Sediment Transport, and Water...

217

Fuel and Lubricant Effects | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel and Lubricant Effects Fuel and Lubricant Effects 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

218

ARM - Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming The Greenhouse Effect refers to a naturally occurring...

219

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Governance & Policies Effective: October 1997 Faculty Senate COMMITTEE on COOPERATIVE EDUCATION or designee. 4. The chairperson is a faculty senator elected by the Faculty Senate at the first Senate meeting. The committee reviews curricular implications of the cooperative education/internship programs and submits any

Hardy, Christopher R.

220

The Yarkovsky and YORP Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Yarkovsky effect describes a small but significant force that affects the orbital motion of meteoroids and asteroids smaller than $30-40$ kilometers in diameter. It is caused by sunlight; when these bodies heat up in the Sun, they eventually re-radiate the energy away in the thermal waveband, which in turn creates a tiny thrust. This recoil acceleration is much weaker than solar and planetary gravitational forces, but it can produce measurable orbital changes over decades and substantial orbital effects over millions to billions of years. The same physical phenomenon also creates a thermal torque that, complemented by a torque produced by scattered sunlight, can modify the rotation rates and obliquities of small bodies as well. This rotational variant has been coined the Yarkovsky-O'Keefe-Radzievskii-Paddack (YORP) effect. During the past decade or so, the Yarkovsky and YORP effects have been used to explore and potentially resolve a number of unsolved mysteries in planetary science dealing with small bod...

Vokrouhlicky, D; Chesley, S R; Scheeres, D J; Statler, T S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effective theory for deformed nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques from effective field theory are applied to nuclear rotation. This approach exploits the spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry and the separation of scale between low-energy Nambu-Goldstone rotational modes and high-energy vibrational and nucleonic degrees of freedom. A power counting is established and the Hamiltonian is constructed at next-to-leading order.

T. Papenbrock

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

222

Meteorological Effects on Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Meteorological Effects on Solar Cells J. R. Mallinson P. T. Landsberg...different meteorological conditions on solar cell outputs has been investigated, using a model for a solar cell (p-on-n or n-on-p) which...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Short–term solar effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...J. L. Culhane and J. C. R. Hunt Short-term solar effects Richard A. Harrison Space Science and Technology...OX11 0QX, UK Short-term transient events in the solar atmosphere, namely solar flares and coronal mass ejections, can have a direct...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Activated Fluorescence and Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... I have tried to observe the speed acquired by the atoms as a L)oppler effect, and I give here a preliminary account of the results, which agree also quantitatively ... the intensity in the broadened line is quite different from that due to the ordinary Doppler ...

FRANCO RASETTI

1926-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Environmental Effects of Woody Vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa. In Iowa, trees and shrubs are a vital asset1 Environmental Effects of Woody Vegetation F-319/August 2005 FORESTRY EXTENSION NOTES IOWA STATE in improv- ing human comfort by shielding people from direct solar radiation. What happens to the solar

Koford, Rolf R.

226

Designing andg g Implementing Effective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing andg g Implementing Effective Monitoring - Element IMonitoring Element I (Handbook is to protect and restore waterUltimate goal is to protect and restore water bodies for their intended uses. Presentation III 3 #12;The goal is to restoreThe goal is to restore d t t t b did t t t b diand protect water

227

In vitro effects of brominated flame retardants and metabolites on CYP17 catalytic activity: A novel mechanism of action?  

SciTech Connect

Fire incidents have decreased significantly over the last 20 years due, in part, to regulations requiring addition of flame retardants (FRs) to consumer products. Five major classes of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are hexabromocyclododecane isomers (HBCDs), tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) and three commercial mixtures of penta-, octa- and deca-polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners, which are used extensively as commercial FR additives. Furthermore, concentrations of PBDEs have been rapidly increasing during the 1999s in human breast milk and a number of endocrine effects have been reported. We used the H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line to assess possible effects of some of these BFRs (PBDEs and several of their hydroxylated (OH) and methoxylated (CH{sub 3}O) metabolites or analogues), TBBPA and brominated phenols (BPs) on the combined 17{alpha}-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities of CYP17. CYP17 enzyme catalyzes an important step in sex steroidogenesis and is responsible for the biosynthesis of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione in the adrenals. In order to study possible interactions with BFRs, a novel enzymatic method was developed. The precursor substrate of CYP17, pregnenolone, was added to control and exposed H295R cells, and enzymatic production of DHEA was measured using a radioimmunoassay. In order to avoid pregnenolone metabolism via different pathways, specific chemical inhibitor compounds were used. None of the parent/precursor BFRs had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on CYP17 activity except for BDE-183, which showed significant inhibition of CYP17 activity at the highest concentration tested (10 {mu}M), with no signs of cytotoxicity as measured by mitochondrial toxicity tests (MTT). A strong inhibition of CYP17 activity was found for 6-OH-2,2',4,4'-tetrabromoDE (6-OH-BDE47) with a concentration-dependent decrease of almost 90% at 10 {mu}M, but with a concurrent decrease in cell viability at the higher concentrations. Replacement of the 6-OH group by a 6-CH{sub 3}O group eliminated this cytotoxic effect, but CYP17 activity measured as DHEA production was still significantly inhibited. Other OH- or CH{sub 3}O-PBDE analogues were used to elucidate possible structural properties behind this CYP17 inhibition and associated cytotoxicity, but no distinct structure activity relationship could be determined. These in vitro results indicate that OH and CH{sub 3}O-PBDEs have potential to interfere with CYP17 activity for which the in vivo relevance still has to be adequately determined.

Canton, Rocio F. [Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), University of Utrecht, Yalelaan 2, 3508 TD, Utrecht (Netherlands)]. E-mail: r.Fernandezcanton@iras.uu.nl; Sanderson, J. Thomas [Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut Armand-Frappier (INRS-IAF), Universite du Quebec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H9R 1G6 (Canada); Nijmeijer, Sandra [Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), University of Utrecht, Yalelaan 2, 3508 TD, Utrecht (Netherlands); Bergman, Ake [Department of Environmental Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Letcher, Robert J. [National Wildlife Research Centre, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A OH3 (Canada); Berg, Martin van den [Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), University of Utrecht, Yalelaan 2, 3508 TD, Utrecht (Netherlands)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Correlation effects in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the effects of Coulomb interactions on single-wall carbon nanotubes using an on-site Hubbard interaction, u. For the (N,N) armchair tubes the low-energy theory is shown to be identical to a two-chain Hubbard model at half-filling, with an effective interaction uN=u/N. Umklapp scattering leads to gaps in the spectrum of charge and spin excitations which are exponentially small for large N. Above the gaps the intrinsic nanotube resistivity due to these scattering processes is linear in temperature, as observed experimentally. The presence of ``d-wave'' superconductivity in the two-chain Hubbard model away from half-filling suggests that doped armchair nanotubes might exhibit superconductivity with a purely electronic mechanism.

Leon Balents and Matthew P. A. Fisher

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Collective effects in the microlaser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a microlaser experiment performed by An et al. with collaborators [Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994)] an atomic beam interacts with a microcavity field under such conditions that the average number of atoms in the cavity is less than unity. However, due to the random statistics of atoms in the beam, the probability of two atoms being in the cavity simultaneously in time is not negligible. This must lead to collective two-atom effects that are not included in the standard microlaser model. We have developed a theory that incorporates such collective effects. This theory allows a better understanding of the observed experimental results and predicts some different features of the microlaser.

Mikhail I. Kolobov and Fritz Haake

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Effective perfect fluids in cosmology  

SciTech Connect

We describe the cosmological dynamics of perfect fluids within the framework of effective field theories. The effective action is a derivative expansion whose terms are selected by the symmetry requirements on the relevant long-distance degrees of freedom, which are identified with comoving coordinates. The perfect fluid is defined by requiring invariance of the action under internal volume-preserving diffeomorphisms and general covariance. At lowest order in derivatives, the dynamics is encoded in a single function of the entropy density that characterizes the properties of the fluid, such as the equation of state and the speed of sound. This framework allows a neat simultaneous description of fluid and metric perturbations. Longitudinal fluid perturbations are closely related to the adiabatic modes, while the transverse modes mix with vector metric perturbations as a consequence of vorticity conservation. This formalism features a large flexibility which can be of practical use for higher order perturbation theory and cosmological parameter estimation.

Ballesteros, Guillermo [Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, Piazza del Viminale 1, I-00184 Rome (Italy); Bellazzini, Brando, E-mail: guillermo.ballesteros@unige.ch, E-mail: brando.bellazzini@pd.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Padova and INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nuclear quantum effects in water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, a path integral Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation of liquid water is performed. It is found that the inclusion of nuclear quantum effects systematically improves the agreement of first principles simulations of liquid water with experiment. In addition, the proton momentum distribution is computed utilizing a recently developed open path integral molecular dynamics methodology. It is shown that these results are in good agreement with neutron Compton scattering data for liquid water and ice.

Joseph A. Morrone; Roberto Car

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

232

Effective switching frequency multiplier inverter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A switching frequency multiplier inverter for low inductance machines that uses parallel connection of switches and each switch is independently controlled according to a pulse width modulation scheme. The effective switching frequency is multiplied by the number of switches connected in parallel while each individual switch operates within its limit of switching frequency. This technique can also be used for other power converters such as DC/DC, AC/DC converters.

Su, Gui-Jia (Oak Ridge, TN); Peng, Fang Z. (Okemos, MI)

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Gear coupling effects on rotordynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subject: WIechanical Engineering GEAR COUPLING EFFECTS ON ROTORDYNAMICS A Thesis by ROBERT WARREN CLARK, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Alan P alas o (Chairman of Committee) Make McDermott (Member) Jorgen Nikolajsen (Member) ay W... A. 'vIancuso 4 = misalignment angle AI, = transmitted torque R = pitch radius of gear mesh p = coefficient of friction A = arc of gear tooth contact W = load per tooth D?= diameter of curvature oi' tooth Gibbons Ts ? transmitted torque W...

Clark, Robert Warren

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Understanding sex differences in the cost of terrestrial locomotion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ellerby, D. J. , M. Cleary, R. L. Marsh, and C. I. Buchanan 2003 Measurement...376430 ) 12 Ellerby, D. J. , and R. L. Marsh 2006 The energetic costs of trunk...0300-9629(80)90189-9 ) 25 Marsh, R. L. , D. J. Ellerby, H. T...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Ties of Dependence: AIDS and Transactional Sex in Rural Malawi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Office (NSO) [Malawi], and ORC Macro. 2005.and Health Survey 2004, NSO and ORC Macro, Calverton, MD,National Statistics Office and ORC Macro 2005 for Malawi;

Swidler, Ann; Watkins, Susan Cotts

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Sex differences in affective and physiological responses to relationship orientations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . ". . . . """ """" -""""" --""" ---" --" " Health Status Form. . Personal Attributes Questionnaire. . Goldberg's (1992) Five Factor Inventory. . Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale Self-Concept Affective Measure. . Manipulation Checks. . . . . , Physiological Measures. . Electromyographic.... . . . . APPENDIX 6 GOLDBERG'S (1992) FIVE FACTOR INVENTORY. . . . . . APPENDIX 7 MANIPULATION CHECK QUESTIONNAIRE. . . . . . . . . . . . VITA Page 34 . . . . 35 35 , . . . 35 35 37 37 37 43 . 43 . . . 43 . . . 44 47 . 51 51 . 53 55 . 64 65...

Hebl, Michelle Rae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Sex chromosome evolution and speciation in Ficedula flycatchers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...PCR product, all the 20 tagged mini-sequencing primers, one of...Amersham Pharmacia Biotech). The mini-sequencing reactions were performed...equipped with a silicon rubber grid forming 36 separ- ate reaction...reactions, corresponding to the mini-sequencing reactions were performed...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

COMPOSITION, QUANTIFICATION, AND PERIODICITY OF SEX PHEROMONE GLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

virescens (F ) females were collected and analyzed on an SP-2330 capillary gas-liquid chromatography column vzrescens larvae were reared on a pinto bean media modified from Shorey and Hale (1965) The pupae were

239

Sex allocation pattern of the diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consequently, selection favours conditional...theory. 2. Material and methods...freshwater to dilute seawater by dissolving...supplementary material, figure S4...stepwise model selection using AIC [22...supplementary material, table S1...after which seawater was used to induce...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bomb Threat Bomb Threat Caller's Sex Age Accent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excited Distinct Clearing throat Slow Slurred Deep breathing Rapid Nasal Cracking voice Soft Stutter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Sex chromosome microsatellite markers from an Australian marsupial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-out 90 Microsatellite stutter peaks 93 Reconstruction experiments 97 PCR artefacts and false alleles 98

Canberra, University of

242

Fluctuating asymmetry and preferences for sex-typical bodily characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...heads were removed from the images, and bodies were colored gray and rendered into 360° video using 3ds Max software (Autodesk Media and Entertainment). Bodies were projected onto a 2-m screen, one at a time in random order, for viewing by 87 evaluators...

William M. Brown; Michael E. Price; Jinsheng Kang; Nicholas Pound; Yue Zhao; Hui Yu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

SEX STEROIDS MODULATE NOCICEPTION, AND ESTROGEN MODIFIES SUPRASPINAL NOCICEPTIVE ACTIVATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rodent models of pain were employed, and biochemical and behavioral end points were quantified. Initial experiments used gonadectomy and testosterone supplementation to manipulate androgen status in adult, male rats, testing the impact of androgen...

Ralya, Andrew

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

Nutritional bias as a new mode of adjusting sex allocation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, , PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands 3 Centre for Isotopic Research, University of Groningen, , Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands 4 Animal Behaviour Group...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Directions of Goldberg's five-factor approach across the sexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Introductory psychology volunteers (N = 646) participated in a study that varied instruction-related social comparison targets. We hypothesized that explicit manipulation of the social comparison targets in instructions to participants would influence patterns...

Butts, Marcus M

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

246

Sex-Ratio Adjustment in the Common Grackle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Philadelphia, 1973), p. 1670. 3. S. Fukushima, M. Hirose, H. Tsuda, T. Shirai...from a stimulus, turning, and renewed forward swimming in a ran-domly chosen direction...reaction (klinokinesis) or the velocity of forward swimming (ortho-kinesis) (4...

HENRY F. HOWE

1977-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

247

Testosterone-induced phenotypic sex reversal in sheep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

features of the ewe. 23 37 38 4 Diagrammatic representation of a cross section through a seminiferous tubule of a sexually mature mammal 50 Diagrammatic represe mental stages of the Urogenital system of embryo ntation of certain develop...- indifferent gonad. . . . . . . . . . . 84 a -26 day and a 28 day sheep 85 5 Diagrammatic representation of a cross section through the ovary of a sexually mature mammal. . . . 52 6 Urogenital system of a 20 day sheep embryo. . . . . . . 82 9 The pathways...

Stiles, Maxine Lorene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

248

Ant workers selfishly bias sex ratios by manipulating female development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...competition in the study population (Chan...ony types in the study population lay many...larvae (Wesson 1940; Wheeler 1986; Busch- inger...In sum, as other studies have shown (e...Soc. 44, 219227. Foster, K. R. & Ratnieks...frequency and mating system of the polygynous...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Evolution of Sex: a Perspective from the Fungal Kingdom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Penalva, M. Pertea, C. Price, B. L. Pritchard, M. A...A. Shemanchuk. 1975. Life history of Coelomomyces psorophorae...Given their unique evolutionary history as opisthokonts, along with...Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. | Journal Article Research...

Soo Chan Lee; Min Ni; Wenjun Li; Cecelia Shertz; Joseph Heitman

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Identifying Sex Differences in Spatial Cognition in Laboratory Mice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mouse By Tania Jean Bettis A dissertation submitted inby       Tania  Jean  Bettis   Doctor  of  Philosophy  in  object recognition task (Bettis and Jacobs 2009) and

Bettis, Tania

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

SEX DETERMINATION IN GLOSSY IBIS CHICKS BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

falcinellus. RESUMEN.-- Determinación del sexo en pollos de morito común en base a caracteres morfológicos sexo de pollos (2 - 5 semanas de edad) de morito común Plegadis falcinellus. Localidad: Doñana carácter más dimórfico y en combinación con la longitud del ala permitió determinar el sexo correctamente

Green, Andy J.

252

The Economic Value of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/21/2010 11:26 AM THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF MARRIAGE FOR SAME-1081 II. The Economic Value of Marriage: The Practicalissues usefully tap into economic research and reasoning.

Badgett, M.V. Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Age and sex differences in control/display movement stereotypes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 0 97. 0 98. 5 98. 5 CCW/L (%) 93. 5 95. 5 100. 0 100. 0 x (%) 94. 3 96. 3 99. 3 99. 3 CW/U (%) 88. 5 97. 0 90. 0 98. 5 CCW/D (%) 86. 7 84. 3 87. 0 97. 0 x (%) 87. 6 90. 7 88. 5 97. 8 X 97. 3 97. 3 97. 3 93. 4 88. 5 91. 0... turning CW/CCW males aged 10 turning CW/CCW males aged 15 turning CW/CCW males aged 20 turning CW/CCW females aged 5 turning CW/CCW females aged 10 turning CW/CCW females aged 15 turning CW/CCW females aged 20 turning CW/CCW df=8 46. 29921 67...

Kratz, Alice Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

Gene dosage compensation and the evolution of sex chromosomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A. S. Mukherjee and W. Beermann, Nature (London) 207, 785 (1965). 7. R. L. Seecof, W. D. Kaplan, D. G. Futch,Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 62, 528 (1969). 8. G. Korge, ibid. 72, 4550 (1975). 9. H. H. Kazazian...

JC Lucchesi

1978-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

255

Incomplete dosage compensation in an evolving Drosophila sex chromosome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Lucchesi, J. C., Rawls, J. M. & Maroni, G. (1974) Nature 248, 564-567. 7. Seecof, R. L., Kaplan, W. D. & Futch, D. G. (1969) Proc. NatI. Acad. Sci. USA 62,528-535. 8. Gvozdev, V. A., Birstein, V. J. & Faizullin...

E Strobel; C Pelling; N Arnheim

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Sex differences in energy expenditure in non–human primates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1986 Time and energy budgets. In...141^166. New York: Alan R. Liss...175^200. New York and London...colobus as a low-energy strategist...pp. 11^33. New York: Cambridge University...and C. Ross Energy expenditure in...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

How to Avoid Sex: The Genetic Control of Gametophytic Apomixis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...this important developmental process (van Dijk et al., 1999...apomictic reproduction are closely interrelated. Sexual reproduction and...mutually exclusive, and both processes can occur in parallel, as...feature that ancestral sexual processes are deregulated in space and...

Ueli Grossniklaus; Gian A. Nogler; Peter J. van Dijk

258

Partnership status and the human sex ratio at birth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...information about the parent's household status before the child's...parent's marital status, household type, ethnicity, age and...grade completed, black and Hispanic ethnicity, dummy variables...analysis. The coefficient for household status is therefore interpretable...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

ORIGINAL PAPER Sex differences in circulatory oxygen transport parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aerobic energy demands, and suggests that the higher [Hb] of female fish may com- pensate for the smaller has commenced, and so their stored energy reserves must satisfy the energetic demands of the migra rMV. These findings reject the hypothesis that all aspects of the circulatory oxygen trans- port

Hinch, Scott G.

260

Name____________________________________ Date____________ Date of Birth_______________________________ Sex F___ M___  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No AIDS or the AIDS virus (HIV) Yes No Other problems: - 2 - #12;Smoking: Do you Smoke? Yes___ No___ Have______ Nutrition: Have you lost or gained 10 or more pounds in the last month? Yes___ No___ Significant problems pregnant?_____ Live births_____ Miscarriages____ Abortions____ When was your last menstrual period

Goldman, Steven A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Maternally Inherited Sex Ratio in the Parasitoid Wasp Nasonia vitripennis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MATERNAL AND CONTAGIOUS TRANSMISSION - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL-STUDY...prior waking. Such data are also oftheoretical...scored and computer data files [G. Fein...1980). 12. The data for four subjects...result of a power outage. SCIENCE, VOL...reciprocal crosses. Line 1 was begun with...

SAMUEL W. SKINNER

1982-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons: Military effectiveness and collateral effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper begins with a general introduction and update to Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons (FGNW), and then addresses some particularly important military aspects on which there has been only limited public discussion so far. These aspects concern the unique military characteristics of FGNWs which make them radically different from both nuclear weapons based on previous-generation nuclear-explosives and from conventional weapons based on chemical-explosives: yields in the 1 to 100 tons range, greatly enhanced coupling to targets, possibility to drive powerful shaped charged jets and forged fragments, enhanced prompt radiation effects, reduced collateral damage and residual radioactivity, etc.

Gsponer, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Sex Hormones Genotypes and Phenotypes and Determinants of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin in relation to Type 2 Diabetes Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

total energy, and reproductive history (Model 2), comparedtotal energy, and reproductive history (Model 2), a weaktotal energy, and reproductive history (Table 5). In

GOTO, ATSUSHI

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hall-effect arc protector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Hall-Effect Arc Protector is used to protect sensitive electronics from high energy arcs. The apparatus detects arcs by monitoring an electrical conductor, of the instrument, for changes in the electromagnetic field surrounding the conductor which would be indicative of a possible arcing condition. When the magnitude of the monitored electromagnetic field exceeds a predetermined threshold, the potential for an instrument damaging are exists and the control system logic activates a high speed circuit breaker. The activation of the breaker shunts the energy imparted to the input signal through a dummy load to the ground. After the arc condition is terminated, the normal signal path is restored.

Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID); Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Effective viscosity of microswimmer suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measurement of a quantitative and macroscopic parameter to estimate the global motility of a large population of swimming biological cells is a challenge Experiments on the rheology of active suspensions have been performed. Effective viscosity of sheared suspensions of live unicellular motile micro-algae (\\textit{Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii}) is far greater than for suspensions containing the same volume fraction of dead cells and suspensions show shear thinning behaviour. We relate these macroscopic measurements to the orientation of individual swimming cells under flow and discuss our results in the light of several existing models.

Salima Rafai; Levan Jibuti; Philippe Peyla

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

266

Acoustoelectric Effects in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report observations of acoustoelectric effects in carbon nanotubes. We excite sound in ?m long ropes of single walled carbon nanotubes suspended between two metallic contacts by applying radio-frequency electric field. The sound is detected by measuring either the dc resistance of the tubes in a region of strong temperature dependence (in the vicinity of superconducting or metal-insulator transition), or their critical current. We show that, depending on the excitation power, the vibrations produce either electron heating or phase coherence breaking.

B. Reulet; A. Yu. Kasumov; M. Kociak; R. Deblock; I. I. Khodos; Yu. B. Gorbatov; V. T. Volkov; C. Journet; H. Bouchiat

2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Electromagnetic effects on transportation systems  

SciTech Connect

Electronic and electrical system protection design can be used to eliminate deleterious effects from lightning, electromagnetic interference, and electrostatic discharges. Evaluation of conventional lightning protection systems using advanced computational modeling in conjunction with rocket-triggered lightning tests suggests that currently used lightning protection system design rules are inadequate and that significant improvements in best practices used for electronic and electrical system protection designs are possible. A case study of lightning induced upset and failure of a railway signal and control system is sketched.

Morris, M.E.; Dinallo, M.A.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Caffeine's Effect on Creative Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nervous system: Mechanisms of action, biochemical, metabolic and psychostimulant effects. Brain Research Reviews, 17, Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.tamu.edu:2048/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi= B6SYS-4840M7X- 6Y... of Pharmaceutics, 234, Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.tamu.edu:2048/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi= B6T7W-44PKN6Y- 1&_user=952835&_coverDate=03%2F02%2F2002&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_ sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0...

Mims, Mark M

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electron Cloud Effects in Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Abstract We present a brief summary of various aspects of the electron-cloud effect (ECE) in accelerators. For further details, the reader is encouraged to refer to the proceedings of many prior workshops, either dedicated to EC or with significant EC contents, including the entire ?ECLOUD? series [1?22]. In addition, the proceedings of the various flavors of Particle Accelerator Conferences [23] contain a large number of EC-related publications. The ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter series [24] contains one dedicated issue, and several occasional articles, on EC. An extensive reference database is the LHC website on EC [25].

Furman, M.A.

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

270

Cost effectiveness of sonic drilling  

SciTech Connect

Sonic drilling (combination of mechanical vibrations and rotary power) is an innovative environmental technology being developed in cooperation with DOE`s Arid-Site Volatile Organic Compounds Integrated Demonstration at Hanford and the Mixed Waste Landfill Integrated Demonstration at Sandia. This report studies the cost effectiveness of sonic drilling compared with cable-tool and mud rotary drilling. Benefit of sonic drilling is its ability to drill in all types of formations without introducing a circulating medium, thus producing little secondary waste at hazardous sites. Progress has been made in addressing the early problems of failures and downtime.

Masten, D.; Booth, S.R.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit. 1 fig.

DeVault, R.C.; Biermann, W.J.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

272

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

RADIATION EFFECTS IN MATERIAL MICROSTRUCTURE.  

SciTech Connect

Next generation nuclear power systems, high-power particle accelerators and space technology will inevitably rely on higher performance materials that will be able to function in the extreme environments of high irradiation, high temperatures, corrosion and stress. The ability of any material to maintain its functionality under exposure to harsh conditions is directly linked to the material structure at the nano- and micro-scales. Understanding of the underlying processes is key to the success of such undertakings. This paper presents experimental results of the effects of radiation exposure on several unique alloys, composites and crystals through induced changes in the physio-mechanical macroscopic properties.

SIMOS,N.

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

274

Hall-effect arc protector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Hall-Effect Arc Protector is used to protect sensitive electronics from high energy arcs. The apparatus detects arcs by monitoring an electrical conductor, of the instrument, for changes in the electromagnetic field surrounding the conductor which would be indicative of a possible arcing condition. When the magnitude of the monitored electromagnetic field exceeds a predetermined threshold, the potential for an instrument damaging are exists and the control system logic activates a high speed circuit breaker. The activation of the breaker shunts the energy imparted to the input signal through a dummy load to the ground. After the arc condition is terminated, the normal signal path is restored. 2 figs.

Rankin, R.A.; Kotter, D.K.

1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

275

Null vector fields in spaces with affine connections and metrics. Doppler's effect, Hubble's effect, and aberration's effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The notion of null (isotropic) vector field is considered in spaces with affine connections and metrics as models of space or space-time. On its basis the propagation of signals in space-time is considered. The Doppler effect is generalized for these types of spaces. The notions of standard (longitudinal) Doppler effect and transversal Doppler effect are introduced. On their grounds, the Hubble effect and the aberration effect appear as Doppler effects with explicit forms of the centrifugal (centripetal) and Coriolis velocity vector fields in spaces with affine connections and metrics. The upper limit of the value of the general observed shift parameter z, generated by both the effects, based on the Doppler effects, is found to be z = 1.41. Doppler's effects, Hubble's effect, and aberration's effect could be used in mechanics of continuous media and in other classical field theories in the same way as the standard Doppler effect is used in classical and relativistic mechanics. PACS numbers: 04.20.Cv; 04.50.+h; 04.40.b; 04.90.+e; 83.10.Bb

Sawa Manoff

2003-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

Interference Effects in Leptonic Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proven that in any leptonic decay experiment in which the lepton masses and charges may be neglected, and in which no pseudoscalar correlations are measured, all V·A interference terms will be antisymmetric under exchange of the two leptons, while the pure V and A terms will be symmetric. If the experiment measures a pseudoscalar correlation, these conclusions are reversed. Even if the lepton masses cannot be ignored (e.g., for ?0??-+?¯+p, or low-energy ? decay) it is still true that no V·A interference may appear when scalars are measured, and only V·A interference may contribute when pseudoscalars are measured, providing that the lepton spins and momenta are not directly observed. Thus experiments can be devised that involve no interference effects, or only interference effects. This theorem holds independently of the strangeness change, spin change, energy transfer, or of any particular assumptions about the form of the V and A currents. It proves most useful when it is difficult or tedious to calculate transition rates directly. Applications are discussed, including possible tests of the Feynman-Gell-Mann theory in nonunique forbidden ? decay, of the nature of the leptonic ?0 and K0 decay interaction, and of the charge symmetry properties of weak interactions.

Steven Weinberg

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Shielding effectiveness against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect

The use of metal-filled and metal-coated plastics and other modified dielectric materials to replace metals for enclosures has created a need to test these materials for their electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Shielding effectiveness involves a variety of electromagnetic environments, and useful data can be obtained from tests that carefully limit the environment to that of a plane wave. Such an environment can be created in a circular or rectangular transmission line. Two such transmission line test fixtures, which hold samples of the material to be tested, have been developed. The fixtures described in this report are the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell, and a dual TEM cell constructed at ORNL from a design suggested by the NBS. The NBS coaxial fixture is an improved version of the device recommended by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The problems associated with measuring SE are well described in the literature. The two methods described here are the result of years of work to establish procedures and instrumentation that will produce acceptable data.

Googe, J.M.; Hess, R.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ahimsa Media -For Educators -The Greenhouse Effect The Greenhouse Effect: Extension Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ahimsa Media - For Educators - The Greenhouse Effect The Greenhouse Effect: Extension Activity. Clean up and restore a natural habitat. http://www.ahimsamedia.com/lessonGreenhouseEffect.htm (1 of 5

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

279

Substrate dielectric effects on graphene field effect transistors  

SciTech Connect

Graphene is emerging as a promising material for future electronics and optoelectronics applications due to its unique electronic structure. Understanding the graphene-dielectric interaction is of vital importance for the development of graphene field effect transistors (FETs) and other novel graphene devices. Here, we extend the exploration of substrate dielectrics from conventionally used thermally grown SiO{sub 2} and hexagonal boron nitride films to technologically relevant deposited dielectrics used in semiconductor industry. A systematic analysis of morphology and optical and electrical properties was performed to study the effects of different substrates (SiO{sub 2}, HfO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)-oxide, and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) on the carrier transport of chemical vapor deposition-derived graphene FET devices. As baseline, we use graphene FETs fabricated on thermal SiO{sub 2} with a relatively high carrier mobility of 10?000 cm{sup 2}/(V s). Among the deposited dielectrics studied, silicon nitride showed the highest mobility, comparable to the properties of graphene fabricated on thermal SiO{sub 2}. We conclude that this result comes from lower long range scattering and short range scattering rates in the nitride compared those in the other deposited films. The carrier fluctuation caused by substrates, however, seems to be the main contributing factor for mobility degradation, as a universal mobility-disorder density product is observed for all the dielectrics examined. The extrinsic doping trend is further confirmed by Raman spectra. We also provide, for the first time, correlation between the intensity ratio of G peak and 2D peak in the Raman spectra to the carrier mobility of graphene for different substrates.

Hu, Zhaoying; Prasad Sinha, Dhiraj; Ung Lee, Ji, E-mail: jlee1@albany.edu; Liehr, Michael [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, The State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Minimal CP And The Adverb Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New observations about a variety of adverb effects, with both positive and negative effects on acceptability, suggest that adverbs link to and “parentheticalize" a complementizer. This proposal along with a further proposal ...

Sobin, Nicholas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS ON THE HIGHELEVATION HYDROPOWER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS ON THE HIGHELEVATION HYDROPOWER SYSTEM Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC5002012020 Prepared for: California consideration of climate change effects on highelevation hydropower supply and demand in California. Artificial

282

Creating effective posters HowtoemphasizeyourmessageHowtoemphasizeyourmessage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creating effective posters Howtoemphasizeyourmessage strategies for emphasizing your message #12;Creating effective posters HowtoobscureyourmessageHowtoobscureyourmessage HowtoemphasizeyourmessageHowtoemphasizeyourmessage Many of your presentations are not talks: They are posters Are your

Fellous, Jean-Marc

283

Reflective Aerosols and the Greenhouse Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The contributions of atmospheric aerosols to add to either a climate-warming effect or climate-cooling effect depend on the chemical composition of the aerosol and the local environment. The best estimation is...

Kathryn E. Kautzman

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Ecological effects of invasive alien insects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A literature survey identified 403 primary research publications that investigated the ecological effects of invasive alien insects and/or the mechanisms underlying these effects. The majority of these studies...

Marc Kenis; Marie-Anne Auger-Rozenberg…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Effective Ship Ballast Water Treatment System Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Besides its great effect on ship stability, ballast water causes an important problem. While a ship loads ballast water from any sea, it ... species. These species may have a great effect on the local ecological ...

Levent Bilgili; Kaan Ünlügenço?lu…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect Second edition Rattan Lal & Ronald F. Follett. Printed in the United States of America. #12;181 Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect, 2nd

Archer, Steven R.

287

Evolving Utility Cost-Effectiveness Test Criteria  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents an overview of tests done to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency program benefits.

288

Air pollutants effects on forest ecosystems  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on the effects of acid rain on forests. The conference was sponsored by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Topics considered at the conference included the status of US research on acid deposition and its effects contributing factors to the decline of forests, evidence for effects on ecosystems, the effects of air pollutants on forest ecosystems in North America and Europe, forest management, and future scientific research programs and management approaches.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Making Effective User of Compilers at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effective Use of Compilers Effective Use of Compilers at NERSC Michael Stewart NERSC User Services Group August 15, 2012 Introduction ● Description of the Hopper compiling environment. ● Strengths and weaknesses of each compiler. ● Advice on choosing the most appropriate compiler for your work. ● Comparative results on benchmarks and other codes. ● How to use the compilers effectively. ● Carver compiling environment.

290

Tensile Effective Stresses in Hydrocarbon Storage Caverns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tensile Effective Stresses in Hydrocarbon Storage Caverns Hippolyte Djizanne and Pierre Bérest LMS, Germany,1-2 October 2012 TENSILE EFFECTIVE STRESSES IN HYDROCARBON STORAGE CAVERNS Hippolyte Djizanne1 that effective tensile stresses can be generated at a cavern wall after a rapid increase or decrease in pressure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

291

Tensile effective stresses in hydrocarbon storage caverns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "no-tensile effective stress" criterion is discussed. It is proven that effective tensile stresses can be generated at a cavern wall after a rapid increase or decrease in pressure. The Etzel K-102 test, performed in Germany more than 20 years ago, is revisited using the notion of effective tensile stresses.

Djizanne, Hippolyte; Brouard, Benoît

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

How to Make an Effective Poster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to Make an Effective Poster John Hughes Using a Poster Template Selecting Colors Poster Dos Poster Don'ts Printing and Transporting Your Poster How to Make an Effective Poster John Hughes Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota #12;How to Make an Effective Poster John Hughes Using a Poster Template

Carlin, Bradley P.

293

The effect of hydroelasticity on ship slamming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and D. W. Moore The effect of hydroelasticity on ship slamming O. M. Faltinsen...bending stresses. The effect of hydroelasticity on ship slamming B y O. M...Lond. A (1997) The effect of hydroelasticity on ship slamming 577 U xI z...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and Nonabelian Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Articles Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and Nonabelian Statistics N...rc=1/8-1/8=0; this effect would be due to the Pfaffian...Sloan Foundation Fellow- ship and by NSF PYI DMR-9157484...ed.), The Quantum Hall Effect, 2nd edition (Springer, New......

N. Read; G. Moore

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Effect of geotropism on instrument readings  

SciTech Connect

A review of gravity's effect on instrument readings, also referred to as geotropism. In this essay a review of meter movement construction and the effect are reviewed as it applies to portable radiation instruments. Reference to the three ANSI standards and their requirements are reviewed. An alternate approach to test for the effects is offered.

Rolph, James T.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Science Honor Society Center Moriches High School Center about how this drug affects brain chemistry. #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;Everybody talks about about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something about it. What

Schwartz, Stephen E.

297

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Atmospheric Sciences Division CSSP Lecture July 27, 2005 http://www.ecd.bnl.gov/steve/schwartz.html #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something about it. What are we doing

Schwartz, Stephen E.

298

Spin-Asymmetric Josephson Effect  

SciTech Connect

We propose that with ultracold Fermi gases one can realize a spin-asymmetric Josephson effect in which the two spin components of a Cooper pair are driven asymmetrically - corresponding to driving a Josephson junction of two superconductors with different voltages V{sub {up_arrow}} and V{sub {down_arrow}} for spin up and down electrons, respectively. We predict that the spin up and down components oscillate at the same frequency but with different amplitudes. Furthermore our results reveal that the standard interpretation of the Josephson supercurrent in terms of coherent bosonic pair tunneling is insufficient. We provide an intuitive interpretation of the Josephson supercurrent as interference in Rabi oscillations of pairs and single particles, the latter causing the asymmetry.

Heikkinen, M. O. J.; Massel, F.; Kajala, J.; Leskinen, M. J.; Toermae, P. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O.Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Paraoanu, G. S. [Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O.Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland)

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

299

Temperature effects on chemical reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we had to study some characteristics of the chemical reactors from which we can understand the reactor operation in different circumstances; from these and the most important factor that has a great effect on the reactor operation is the temperature it is a mathematical processing of a chemical problem that was already studied but it may be developed by introducing new strategies of control; in our case we deal with the analysis of a liquid?gas reactor which can make the flotation of the benzene to produce the ethylene; this type of reactors can be used in vast domains of the chemical industry especially in refinery plants where we find the oil separation and its extractions whether they are gases or liquids which become necessary for industrial technology especially in our century.

M. Azzouzi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Effects of undegraded intake protein supplementation on milk production, calf weight gain and reproductive performance in Brahman cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eighty multiparous and 51 primiparous Brahman females were allotted to one of three diets based on; parity, sex of calf and breed of calf sire (Angus, Brahman or Tuli). Diets contained either 38.1% Undegraded Intake Protein (UIP) (Low), 56.3% UIP...

Triplett, Brian Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The effects of a career education module on attitudes and knowledges of prospective teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Pretest Results. . . APPENDIX D: Posttest Results. . . VITA. . . Page 3 3 10 10 10 14 15 16 20 21 37 43 43 46 48 50 53 57 60 64 LIST OF TASLES Tables Page Means and standard deviations by sex of subject. 22 Summary... program. 42 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Traditionally teacher education programs have not in- cluded such curriculum areas as the disadvantaged, minorities, or more recently career education(Swanson, 1972). These curriculum areas face the prospective...

Green, Elizabeth Gilley

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Overview of HPM Effects in Electronics  

SciTech Connect

The following presentation contains an overview of HPM effects in modern electronics. HPM effects can be categorized into two basic level of effects, which are damaging and non-damaging. Damaging effects include junction breakdowns, dielectric breakdowns, and latch-up. These types of effects render a system inoperable until repaired. With non-damaging effects, HPM signals couple to into system components generating circuit responses that can overwhelm normal operation. Non-damaging effects can temporarily render a system inoperable or cause a system to lock and require a restart. Since modern systems are so complex, fundamental mechanisms of upset in circuit primitives are studied. All topics covered and all figured contained within are found in open literature. All data plots presented were obtained from experimental measurements conducted at the University of Maryland College Park and are also found in the open literature.

Holloway, Michael A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

Nuclear energy and the greenhouse effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The extent and nature of the greenhouse effect are examined and placed in an environmental and historical context. The effect of energy policies on the greenhouse effect are discussed and the offending countries are identified. What energy policies would mitigate the greenhouse effect, and yet make good sense whether or not the effect proves to be real? Conservation is a desirable though not completely understood, strategy. Conservation may not be a better bet in every instance than is increase in supply. If the greenhouse effect turns out to be real, nuclear energy can be one of the supply options that we turn to. If the greenhouse effect turns out to be false, an acceptable, economic nuclear option is surely better than one that does nothing but create strife and dissension. Let us remember that nuclear energy is the only large-scale non-fossil source other than hydropower that has been demonstrated to be practical.

Alvin M. Weinberg

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Viscosity Effects in Acoustic Inductances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear acousticinductance and resistance of narrow circular tubes short compared to a wavelength have usually been represented by limiting formulas valid either for very low frequencies (viscous flow) or for relatively high frequencies (pistonlike displacement). Crandall's text gives a general mathematical development with particular stress on resistance but variation of inductance with frequency and viscosity has not been discussed generally nor has numerical reduction of mathematical results been generally available. The present paper describes quantitatively the dependence of inductance and resistance upon the general parameter radius times square root of the quantity density times frequency divided by viscosity. With increase of this parameter resistance increases while inductance diminishes from the “static” value to the limiting “high frequency” value. Experimental checks are made to ascertain whether resistance values are strongly affected by flow?transition end?effects found in hydraulics. Impedance?tube studies are made of five tube diameters from 0.0187 to 0.750 in. at 50 to 167 c/sec. Length/diameter is approximately 10 to render inductance end?corrections relatively small. Acoustic pressures are reduced until linear behavior appears. Measured resistance is generally within five percent of calculation as resistance increases to twice the “static” value. Measured inductance generally agrees with calculation within limits of the end?correction over the range of significant variation.

A. W. Nolle

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Global vs local Casimir effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper continues the investigation of the Casimir effect with the use of the algebraic formulation of quantum field theory in the initial value setting. Basing on earlier papers by one of us (AH) we approximate the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions by simple interaction models whose nonlocality in physical space is under strict control, but which at the same time are admissible from the point of view of algebraic restrictions imposed on models in the context of Casimir backreaction. The geometrical setting is that of the original parallel plates. By scaling our models and taking appropriate limit we approach the sharp boundary conditions in the limit. The global force is analyzed in that limit. One finds in Neumann case that although the sharp boundary interaction is recovered in the norm resolvent sense for each model considered, the total force per area depends substantially on its choice and diverges in the sharp boundary conditions limit. On the other hand the local energy density outside the interaction region, which in the limit includes any compact set outside the strict position of the plates, has a universal limit corresponding to sharp conditions. This is what one should expect in general, and the lack of this discrepancy in Dirichlet case is rather accidental. Our discussion pins down its precise origin: the difference in the order in which scaling limit and integration over the whole space is carried out.

Andrzej Herdegen; Mariusz Stopa

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Hall effect in a plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In low?density plasmas such as the positive columns of glow discharges the Hall effect is very large and easily observable. An elementary analysis reproduced here shows that the Hall voltage between opposite sides of such a column measures only half of that expected ideally in a conductor with the same carrier density. The reduction is caused by ambipolar diffusion of the carriers whose density distribution is distorted in the presence of a transverse magnetic field. A simple experimental arrangement is described in which the Hall voltage across a helium discharge column is determined as a function of magnetic field discharge current and gas pressure. Thus electron drift velocity and density are inferred. A simultaneous measurement of the resistivity then permits evaluation of the collision frequency. If the collision cross section for scattering of electrons by helium atoms is given the electron temperature can be estimated. Variation of the parameters thus permits a study of the scaling laws for the glow discharge column. The experiment is found to be a very rewarding educational experience.

W. B. Kunkel

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing Contamination at West Valley Demonstration Project Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing Contamination at West Valley Demonstration Project July 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis In the two years prior to the operation of the permeable treatment wall, pictured here, WVDP conducted extensive engineering and planning to ensure it would effectively remove strontium-90. In the two years prior to the operation of the permeable treatment wall, pictured here, WVDP conducted extensive engineering and planning to ensure it would effectively remove strontium-90. This 2009 photo shows a trenching machine, which is capable of cutting a continuous trench up to 30 feet deep and 3 feet wide. The machine was used in a pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness of zeolite placement as the trench was dug. This ensured a consistent depth and width for the zeolite placement along the entire length of the permeable treatment wall.

308

Radiation effects in the environment  

SciTech Connect

Although the Navajo possess substantial resource wealth-coal, gas, uranium, water-this potential wealth has been translated into limited permanent economic or political power. In fact, wealth or potential for wealth has often made the Navajo the victims of more powerful interests greedy for the assets under limited Navajo control. The primary focus for this education workshop on the radiation effects in the environment is to provide a forum where scientists from the nuclear science and technology community can share their knowledge toward the advancement and diffusion of nuclear science and technology issues for the Navajo public. The scientists will make an attempt to consider the following basic questions; what is science; what is mathematics; what is nuclear radiation? Seven papers are included in this report: Navajo view of radiation; Nuclear energy, national security and international stability; ABC`s of nuclear science; Nuclear medicine: 100 years in the making; Radon in the environment; Bicarbonate leaching of uranium; and Computational methods for subsurface flow and transport. The proceedings of this workshop will be used as a valuable reference materials in future workshops and K-14 classrooms in Navajo communities that need to improve basic understanding of nuclear science and technology issues. Results of the Begay-Stevens research has revealed the existence of strange and mysterious concepts in the Navajo Language of nature. With these research results Begay and Stevens prepared a lecture entitled The Physics of Laser Fusion in the Navajo language. This lecture has been delivered in numerous Navajo schools, and in universities and colleges in the US, Canada, and Alaska.

Begay, F.; Rosen, L.; Petersen, D.F.; Mason, C.; Travis, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Yazzie, A. [Navajo Nation, Window Rock, AZ (United States). Dept. of History; Isaac, M.C.P.; Seaborg, G.T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Leavitt, C.P. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - aka grahz rahbitz Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Astronomy, Rutgers University Collection: Physics 24 Theory: Effects of strength and sex on anger and aggression Summary: aggression. 3. There is a female bias in indirect...

310

Quantifying Temperature Effects on Fall Chinook Salmon  

SciTech Connect

The motivation for this study was to recommend relationships for use in a model of San Joaquin fall Chinook salmon. This report reviews literature pertaining to relationships between water temperature and fall Chinook salmon. The report is organized into three sections that deal with temperature effects on development and timing of freshwater life stages, temperature effects on incubation survival for eggs and alevin, and temperature effects on juvenile survival. Recommendations are made for modeling temperature influences for all three life stages.

Jager, Yetta [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Coulomb collision effects on linear Landau damping  

SciTech Connect

Coulomb collisions at rate ? produce slightly probabilistic rather than fully deterministic charged particle trajectories in weakly collisional plasmas. Their diffusive velocity scattering effects on the response to a wave yield an effective collision rate ?{sub eff} ? ? and a narrow dissipative boundary layer for particles with velocities near the wave phase velocity. These dissipative effects produce temporal irreversibility for times t???1/?{sub eff} during Landau damping of a small amplitude Langmuir wave.

Callen, J. D., E-mail: callen@engr.wisc.edu [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1609 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Koshino-Taylor effect in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the phonon-assisted scattering of electrons by defects, i.e., the so-called Koshino-Taylor effect, in graphene. The two-dimensional character of graphene implies that the strength of the Koshino-Taylor effect can be considerably larger than in ordinary metals. We show that at finite temperatures the defect-induced resistivity formally diverges in the thermodynamic limit, having a nonanalytic T?ln?T component when finite-size effects are taken into account.

A. Cano

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

313

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Atmospheric Sciences Division CSSP Lecture July 30, 2002 . . . IS TO PUT TWO PEOPLE IN IT! #12;YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 CO2 of carbon a year in the form of carbon dioxide. #12;YOUR CONTRIBUTION TO THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT At half

Schwartz, Stephen E.

314

Health effects of risk-assessment categories  

SciTech Connect

Environmental and occupational health effects associated with exposures to various chemicals are a subject of increasing concern. One recently developed methodology for assessing the health impacts of various chemical compounds involves the classification of similar chemicals into risk-assessment categories (RACs). This report reviews documented human health effects for a broad range of pollutants, classified by RACs. It complements other studies that have estimated human health effects by RAC based on analysis and extrapolation of data from animal research.

Kramer, C.F.; Rybicka, K.; Knutson, A.; Morris, S.C.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

High Temperature Experimental Characterization of Microscale Thermoelectric Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by utilization of the Peltier effect. J. Appl. Phys. , 30:A. , Thermal Imaging of Peltier and Joule Effects. IMAPSObservation of Nanoscale Peltier and Joule Effects at Metal-

Favaloro, Tela

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Modeling Nonlinear Magneto-optical Effects in Atomic Vapors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10.1 Doppler-free transit effect . . . . . . . . . . . .10.2 Doppler-broadened transit effect . . . . . . . . . 10.3Doppler-free transit effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rochester, Simon Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, and Water...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, and Water Quality Food Web) Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, and Water Quality Food Web) Effects on the...

318

Mercury Effects, Sources and Control Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Effects, Sources and Control Measures Prepared by Alan B. Jones, Brooks Rand, Ltd., Seattle ................................................................................................................................1 MERCURY SOURCES....................................................................................................................................................................................8 Mercury dumping from naval vessels

319

Radiative Effects of Cloud Inhomogeneity and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiative Effects of Cloud Inhomogeneity and Geometric Association Over the Tropical Western Pacific Warm Pool X. Wu National Center for Atmospheric Research (a) Boulder, Colorado...

320

Approaches for Effective Climate Change Communication (NPS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Register here. Join us for a webinar exploring the importance of effective communication strategies as a key component of climate change response. The presentation will highlight examples and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CALBET, ALBERT Mesozooplankton grazing effect on primary ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

their abundance and effect have been traditionally neglected, and we lack knowledge on the .... ship between PP and mesozooplankton ingestion rates. Thus,.

penta@ultra1

2001-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

322

Effect of Intake on Compressor Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet briefly describes the effect of intake air on air compressor performance, offers guidance on selecting intake air filters, and outlines when to pursue filter replacement.

323

Planar Hall effect bridge magnetic field sensors  

SciTech Connect

Until now, the planar Hall effect has been studied in samples with cross-shaped Hall geometry. We demonstrate theoretically and experimentally that the planar Hall effect can be observed for an exchange-biased ferromagnetic material in a Wheatstone bridge topology and that the sensor signal can be significantly enhanced by a geometric factor. For the samples in the present study, we demonstrate an enhancement of the sensor output by a factor of about 100 compared to cross-shaped sensors. The presented construction opens a new design and application area of the planar Hall effect, which we term planar Hall effect bridge sensors.

Henriksen, A. D.; Dalslet, B. T.; Skieller, D. H.; Lee, K. H.; Okkels, F.; Hansen, M. F. [Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, Building 345 East, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

324

FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis; Fehlermöglichkeits- und Einflussanalyse) als universelles Methodenmodell folgt dem Grundgedanken einer präventiven Fehlervermeidung anstelle einer nachsorgenden Fehler...

A. Göbel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Analysis of the Multidimensional Effects in Biofilms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. W. Wimpenny, "Effect of EPS on biofilm structure andIndividual Cells and Continuum EPS Matrix," Biotechnologypolymeric substance (EPS). Free floating, planktonic

Hauser, Michael Benjamin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Identifying the Effect of Unemployment on Crime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil price shocks operating through state industry composition and the effect of independent state-specific responses to the national business cycle (

Raphael, Steven; WINTER-EBMER, RUDOLF

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Recommendation 192: Comments on Remediation Effectiveness Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ORSSAB Recommendations and Comments on the Draft 2010 Remediation Effectiveness Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation.

328

Current heating induced spin Seebeck effect  

SciTech Connect

A measurement technique for the spin Seebeck effect is presented, wherein the normal metal layer used for its detection is exploited simultaneously as a resistive heater and thermometer. We show how the various contributions to the measured total signal can be disentangled, allowing to extract the voltage signal solely caused by the spin Seebeck effect. To this end, we performed measurements as a function of the external magnetic field strength and its orientation. We find that the effect scales linearly with the induced rise in temperature, as expected for the spin Seebeck effect.

Schreier, Michael, E-mail: michael.schreier@wmi.badw.de; Roschewsky, Niklas; Dobler, Erich; Meyer, Sibylle; Huebl, Hans; Goennenwein, Sebastian T. B. [Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Garching (Germany)] [Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Garching (Germany); Gross, Rudolf [Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Garching (Germany) [Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Garching (Germany); Physik-Department, Technische Universität München, Garching (Germany)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

329

Ion Beams - Radiation Effects Facility / Cyclotron Institute...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Beams Available Beams Beam Change Times Measurements Useful Graphs Various ion beams have been developed specifically for the Radiation Effects Facility. These beams...

330

Boundary-Layer Effects in Reverse Osmosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boundary-Layer Effects in Reverse Osmosis ... In FO, water is extracted from a feed solution using the high osmotic pressure of a hypertonic solution that flows on ... ...

Ulrich Merten; H. K. Lonsdale; R. L. Riley

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Environmental Effects on Power Electronic Devices | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publications Environmental Effects on Power Electronic Devices Direct-Cooled Power Electronic Substrate ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278)...

332

Environmental Effects on Power Electronic Devices | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publications Environmental Effects on Power Electronic Devices ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278) Direct-Cooled Power Electronic Substrate...

333

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Energy Fuels, 2011, 25 (10), ...

Earl Christensen; Janet Yanowitz; Matthew Ratcliff; Robert L. McCormick

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

Maintain Pumping Systems Effectively | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2005) More Documents & Publications Minimize Compressed Air Leaks Determining the Right Air Quality for Your Compressed Air System Effect of Intake on Compressor Performance...

335

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Exhaust Conditions on Diesel Particulate Filter Service Life and Vehicle Fuel Economy A Consortium to Optimize...

336

Conjugate memory effect of random scattered waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The correlation function between two speckle patterns produced by different incident waves is studied by means of stochastic approaches. The angular-frequency memory effect, which...

Kawanishi, Tetsuya; Wang, Zhi Liang; Izutsu, Masayuki; Ogura, Hisanao

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Effects of embryonic and adult exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on hepatic microsomal testosterone hydroxylase activities in great blue herons (Ardea herodias)  

SciTech Connect

In a continuing effort to evaluate biomarkers of exposure of great blue herons (Ardea herodias) to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, the authors examined the effect of TCDD on hepatic microsomal testosterone hydroxylase activities. Heron embryos were exposed in ovo to 2 {micro}g TCDD/kg egg (or corn oil vehicle) and sacrificed at hatch or 7 d posthatch. Adult herons were exposed intraperitoneally to 20 {micro}g TCDD/kg and sacrificed 2 weeks later. The sex of the birds was known for the adults only. Hepatic microsomes of herons of each age group were able to hydroxylate testosterone at the 2{beta}, 6{beta}, 15{alpha}, 16{alpha}, or 16{beta} positions. In 7-d-old chicks, an additional unidentified compound was formed. The age of the untreated herons had a strong influence on the activities of the five hydroxylases, with changes of up to 17-fold. The TCDD significantly induced 2{beta}-, 6{beta}, and 15{alpha}-testosterone hydroxylase activities in the adult females, 15{alpha} in the adult males, and 6{beta}-testosterone hydroxylase activity in the hatchlings. In the 7-d-old chicks, induction was no longer apparent. A significant correlation existed between hepatic microsomal ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) and 6{beta}-testosterone hydroxylase activity in hatchlings and adult female herons. The TCDD-induced changes in testosterone hydroxylase activities occurred at doses that resulted in tissue concentrations and levels of EROD induction that were environmentally relevant, but did not result in overt toxicities.

Sanderson, J.T.; Giesy, J.P. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Janz, D.M.; Bellward, G.D. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alternative reproductive tactics increase effective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada 2 Direction de la faune aquatique, Ministere du Developpement durable, de l'Environnement, de la Faune et des Parcs du Quebec, Quebec, Canada Keywords effective number of breeders, Effective et des Systemes (IBIS), Universite Laval, Quebec, G1V 0A6 Canada Tel.: +1 418 656 2131 extn. 8455

Bernatchez, Louis

339

Effects of ethanol preservation on otolith microchemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of ethanol preservation on otolith microchemistry K. J. HEDGES*, S. A. LUDSIN*§ AND B. J coupled plasma-mass spectrometry was used to examine the effects of exposure time to ethanol (0, 1, 3, 9, 27 and 81 days) and ethanol quality (ACS- v. HPLC- grade) on strontium (Sr) and barium (Ba

340

The Effect of Malnutrition on Norovirus Infection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...divergence (i.e., average pairwise distance...to assess whether average viral divergence...Otani H. 2011. Effect of Lactobacillus...007 . 15. Teo HK , Price P and Papadimitriou JM. 1991. The effects of protein malnutrition...Thompson CB. 2005. Fuel feeds function...

Danielle Hickman; Melissa K. Jones; Shu Zhu; Ericka Kirkpatrick; David A. Ostrov; Xiaoyu Wang; Maria Ukhanova; Yijun Sun; Volker Mai; Marco Salemi; Stephanie M. Karst

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits SILVIA CORLEVI Doctoral Thesis Stockholm Josephson junction arrays with SQUID geometry. TRITA FYS 2006:31 ISSN 0280-316X ISRN KTH/FYS/­06:31­SE ISBN study on single-charge effects in nanoscale Josephson junctions and Cooper pair transistors (CPTs

Haviland, David

342

Notes on Effective Bandwidths Frank Kelly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Notes on Effective Bandwidths Frank Kelly University of Cambridge Abstract This paper presents. The paper is published in Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications (ed. F.P. Kelly, S. Zachary and I://www.statslab.cam.ac.uk/¸frank/ . 1 #12; 2 Frank Kelly yet a generally accepted definition of an effective bandwidth, and since other

Kelly, Frank

343

Effect of H± on Ds± ?± and Ds ± ±  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......investigate the effect of a charged Higgs boson (H ) on the decays D s munumu...investigate the effect of a charged Higgs boson (H ) on the decays D s and D s...One such example is a charged Higgs boson H , and in this paper we consider......

A. G. Akeroyd

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology CONSERVATION COST-EFFECTIVENESS As with all other resources, the Council uses its portfolio model to determine how much conservation is cost the amount of savings achievable at varying costs. In order to capture the impact of variations in wholesale

345

Quantum mechanical effects from deformation theory  

SciTech Connect

We consider deformations of quantum mechanical operators by using the novel construction tool of warped convolutions. The deformation enables us to obtain several quantum mechanical effects where electromagnetic and gravitomagnetic fields play a role. Furthermore, a quantum plane can be defined by using the deformation techniques. This in turn gives an experimentally verifiable effect.

Much, A. [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Proof of the Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently advanced argument against the atmospheric greenhouse effect is refuted. A planet without an infrared absorbing atmosphere is mathematically constrained to have an average temperature less than or equal to the effective radiating temperature. Observed parameters for Earth prove that without infrared absorption by the atmosphere, the average temperature of Earth's surface would be at least 33 K lower than what is observed.

Smith, Arthur P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Renewable electricity policies, heterogeneity, and cost effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Renewable electricity policies promote investment in renewable electricity generators and have become increasingly common around the world. Because of intermittency and the composition of other generators in the power system, the value of certain renewable – particularly wind and solar – varies across locations and technologies. This paper investigates the implications of this heterogeneity for the cost effectiveness of renewable electricity policies. A simple model of the power system shows that renewable electricity policies cause different investment mixes. Policies also differ according to their effect on electricity prices, and both factors cause the cost effectiveness to vary across policies. We use a detailed, long-run planning model that accounts for intermittency on an hourly basis to compare the cost effectiveness for a range of policies and alternative parameter assumptions. The differences in cost effectiveness are economically significant, where broader policies, such as an emissions price, outperform renewable electricity policies.

Harrison Fell; Joshua Linn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Energy Band Model Based on Effective Mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we demonstrate an alternative method of deriving an isotropic energy band model using a one-dimensional definition of the effective mass and experimentally observed dependence of mass on energy. We extend the effective mass definition to anti-particles and particles with zero rest mass. We assume an often observed linear dependence of mass on energy and derive a generalized non-parabolic energy-momentum relation. The resulting non-parabolicity leads to velocity saturation at high particle energies. We apply the energy band model to free relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials and obtain commonly used dispersion relations and experimentally confirmed effective masses. We apply the model to zero rest mass particles in graphene and propose using the effective mass for photons. Therefore, it appears that the new energy band model based on the effective mass can be applied to relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials.

Viktor Ariel

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

Effects of Carbon Nanotubes in Barrier Epithelial Cells via Effects on Lipid Bilayers Shanta Lewis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Carbon Nanotubes in Barrier Epithelial Cells via Effects on Lipid Bilayers Shanta Lewis1 Physiology, IU School of Medicine Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are one of many nanoparticles (NP) which are being

Zhou, Yaoqi

350

The effectiveness of stuttering treatments in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose Persons who stutter (PWS) should be referred to the most effective treatments available, locally or regionally. A prospective comparison of the effects of the most common stuttering treatments in Germany is not available. Therefore, a retrospective evaluation by clients of stuttering treatments was carried out. Method The five most common German stuttering treatments (231 single treatment cases) were rated as to their perceived effectiveness, using a structured questionnaire, by 88 PWS recruited through various sources. The participants had received between 1 and 7 treatments for stuttering. Results Two stuttering treatments (stuttering modification, fluency shaping) showed favorable and three treatments (breathing therapy, hypnosis, unspecified logopedic treatment) showed unsatisfactory effectiveness ratings. The effectiveness ratings of stuttering modification and fluency shaping did not differ significantly. The three other treatments were equally ineffective. The differences between the effective and ineffective treatments were of large effect sizes. The typical therapy biography begins in childhood with an unspecified logopedic treatment administered extensively in single and individual sessions. Available comparisons showed intensive or interval treatments to be superior to extensive treatments, and group treatments to be superior to single client treatments. Conclusion The stuttering treatment most often prescribed in Germany, namely a weekly session of individual treatment by a speech-language pathologist, usually with an assorted package of mostly unknown components, is of limited effectiveness. Better effectiveness can be expected from fluency shaping or stuttering modification approaches, preferably with an intensive time schedule and with group sessions. Educational objectives: Readers will be able to: (a) discuss the five most prevalent stuttering treatments in Germany; (b) summarize the effectiveness of these treatments; and (c) describe structural treatment components that seem to be preferable across different kinds of treatments.

Harald A. Euler; Benjamin P. Lange; Sascha Schroeder; Katrin Neumann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

"DERIVATION" OF THE DE BROGLIE RELATION FROM THE DOPPLER EFFECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BROGLIE RELATION FROM THE DOPPLER EFFECT Frank S. Crawfordusual derivation of the Doppler effect gives Eq. (l). (The

Crawford, Frank S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Applying Hand-Drawn Effects Design Principles to the Creation of 3D Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis centers on the study of the design principles used in creating hand-drawn effects and how they can be applied to computer-generated 3D effects. By studying the rich history of hand-drawn effects animation, artists working on computer...

Eisinger, Sarah Beth

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

353

Surface effects of underground nuclear explosions  

SciTech Connect

The effects of nuclear explosions have been observed and studied since the first nuclear test (code named Trinity) on July 16, 1945. Since that first detonation, 1,053 nuclear tests have been conducted by the US, most of which were sited underground at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The effects of underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) on their surroundings have long been the object of much interest and study, especially for containment, engineering, and treaty verification purposes. One aspect of these explosion-induced phenomena is the disruption or alteration of the near-surface environment, also known as surface effects. This report was prepared at the request of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to bring together, correlate, and preserve information and techniques used in the recognition and documentation of surface effects of UNEs. This report has several main sections, including pertinent background information (Section 2.0), descriptions of the different types of surface effects (Section 3.0), discussion of their application and limitations (Section 4.0), an extensive bibliography and glossary (Section 6.0 and Appendix A), and procedures used to document geologic surface effects at the NTS (Appendix C). Because a majority of US surface-effects experience is from the NTS, an overview of pertinent NTS-specific information also is provided in Appendix B. It is not within the scope of this report to explore new relationships among test parameters, physiographic setting, and the types or degree of manifestation of surface effects, but rather to compile, summarize, and capture surface-effects observations and interpretations, as well as documentation procedures and the rationale behind them.

Allen, B.M.; Drellack, S.L. Jr.; Townsend, M.J.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Observation of a Motional Stark Effect to Determine the Second-Order Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high resolution two-photon spectroscopy of hydrogen is often limited by the second-order Doppler effect. To determine this effect, we apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the atomic beam. This field induces a quadratic motional Stark shift proportional, as the second-order Doppler effect, to v2 (v atomic velocity). For some magnetic field, these two effects are opposite and the total shift due to the atomic velocity is reduced. We present the first observation of this effect for the 1S-3S transition in hydrogen.

G. Hagel; R. Battesti; F. Nez; L. Julien; F. Biraben

2002-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

355

Shear Viscosity from Effective Couplings of Gravitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the shear viscosity of field theories with gravity duals using Kubo-formula by calculating the Green function of dual transverse gravitons and confirm that the value of the shear viscosity is fully determined by the effective coupling of transverse gravitons on the horizon. We calculate the effective coupling of transverse gravitons for Einstein and Gauss-Bonnet gravities coupled with matter fields, respectively. Then we apply the resulting formula to the case of AdS Gauss-Bonnet gravity with $F^4$ term corrections of Maxwell field and discuss the effect of $F^4$ terms on the ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density.

Rong-Gen Cai; Zhang-Yu Nie; Ya-Wen Sun

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

356

Effective permeabilities for model heterogeneous porous media  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a technique to evaluate effective absolute permeabilities for heterogeneous porous media. The technique is based on a perturbation analysis of the equations of motion of a slightly compressible fluid in a homogeneous porous medium at low Reynolds numbers. The effective permeabilities can be calculated once the local geometry of the heterogeneous medium is specified. The technique is used to evaluate two- and three-dimensional effective vertical permeabilities in porous media with shale intercalations, including the case in which the porous matrix is anisotropic.

Otevo, C.; Rusinek, I. (Tecnologiade Yacimientos, INTEVEPS.A., P.O. Box 76343, Caracas 1070-A (VE)); Saez, A.E. (Departamento de Termodinamicay Fenomenosde Transferencia, Universidad Simon Bolivar, P.O. Box 89000, Caracas 1086-A (VE))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Photo-effects in iodine single crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects 29 29 29 34 34 4D CHAPTER V. DISCUSSIGN A. Dark EMF Values B. photo EMP Spectral Response D. Tenperature Dependence 42 42 44 45 APPENDIX A . Tabulation of Driginal Experlnsntal Data B. Changes in Dark end I hoto EMP... with Tenperature 50 58 54 REFKRENCES LIST OP TABLES Table Effects of various gaseous amhients on dark and photo emf values Page 31 II Effects of cooling on dark and photo emf values 33 vi LIST OF PIGVRES Figure Possible photo-transitions in sn...

Rieves, John Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

CONSTRAINT EFFECT IN FRACTURE WHAT IS IT  

SciTech Connect

The meaning of the phrase 'constraint effect in fracture' has changed in the past two decades from 'contained plasticity' to a broader description of 'dependence of fracture toughness value on geometry of test specimen or structure'. This paper will first elucidate the fundamental mechanics reasons for the apparent 'constraint effects in fracture', followed by outlining a straightforward approach to overcoming this problem in both brittle (elastic) and ductile (elastic-plastic) fracture. It is concluded by discussing the major difference in constraint effect on fracture event in elastic and elastic-plastic materials.

Lam, P; Prof. Yuh J. Chao, P

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Memory Effect and Fast Spinodal Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the modification of the Cahn-Hilliard equation when a time delay process through a memory function is taken into account. We then study the process of spinodal decomposition in fast phase transitions associated with a conserved order parameter. The introduced memory effect plays an important role to obtain a finite group velocity. Then, we discuss the constraint for the parameters to satisfy causality. The memory effect is seen to affect the dynamics of phase transition at short times and has the effect of delaying, in a significant way, the process of rapid growth of the order parameter that follows a quench into the spinodal region.

T. Koide; G. Krein; Rudnei O. Ramos

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

360

Disturbance Cancellation by State Derivative Feedback with Application to Ramp-Connected Surface Effect Ships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Effect Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Effect Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Actuated Surface Effect Ships . . . . . 4.1 Mathematical

Basturk, Halil I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Triple-effect absorption chiller cycle: A step beyond double-effect cycles  

SciTech Connect

Many advanced'' absorption cycles have been proposed during the current century. Of the hundreds of absorption cycles which have been patented throughout the world, all commercially manufactured products for air conditioning buildings have been variations of just two basic absorption cycles: single-effect and condenser-coupled double-effect cycles. The relatively low cooling coefficients of performance (COPs) inherent in single-effect and double-effect cycles limits the economic applicability of absorption air conditioners (chillers) in the United States. A triple-effect absorption chiller cycle is discussed. This cycle uses two condensers and two absorbers to achieve the triple effect.'' Depending on the absorption fluids selected, this triple-effect cycle is predicted to improve cooling COPs by 18% to 60% compared with the equivalent double-effect cycle. This performance improvement is obtained without increasing the total amount of heat-transfer surface area needed for the heat exchangers. A comparison between the calculated performances of a double-effect cycle and a triple-effect cycle (both using ammonia-water (NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O) as the absorption fluid pair) is presented. The triple-effect cycle is predicted to have an 18% higher cooling COP (1.41 compared with 1.2 for a double-effect), lower pressure (47.70 atm (701 psi) instead of 68.05 atm (1000 psi)), significantly reduced pumping power (less than one-half that of the double-effect cycle), and potentially lower construction cost (33% less total heat exchange needed). Practical implications for this triple-effect cycle are discussed. 16 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

DeVault, R.C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Air-driven Brazil nut effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large heavy object may rise to the top of a bed of smaller particles under the influence of vertical vibration, the “Brazil nut effect.” Recently it has been noted that interstitial air can influence the Brazil nut rise time. Here we report that the air movement induced by vertical vibration produces a very strong Brazil nut effect for fine granular beds. We use a porous-bottomed box to investigate the mechanism responsible for this effect and to demonstrate that it is related to the piling of fine beds, first reported by Chladni and studied by Faraday. Both effects are due to the strong interaction of the fine particles with the air, as it is forced through the bed by the vibration.

M. A. Naylor; Michael R. Swift; P. J. King

2003-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

363

Japan Program: Radiation Effects Research Foundation | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Life Span Study is the major RERF epidemiologic study that generates data on cancer incidence, cancer mortality, and non-cancer effects in relation to radiation dose. The...

364

Lunar/Solar effects on Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lunar/Solar effects on Cosmic Rays By: Sophia Bauer & Jenna Valdez #12;Introduction When cosmic, California." Moon Phase Calendar for Santa Cruz, California. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Aug. 2012.

California at Santa Cruz, University of

365

Eyewitness identification: Simulating the “Weapon effect”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present experiment investigates the effect of weapons on eyewitness recall and recognition using a ... experimental paradigm in which a syringe serves as weapon simulation. Contrary to previous weapon manipul...

Anne Maass; Günther Köhnken

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Consideration of spatial effects in reactivity measurements  

SciTech Connect

Various methods of considering spatial effects in reactivity measurements are presented. These methods are employed both at the critical (mainly fast-neutron) facilities and at the BN-600 reactor.

Matveenko, I. P., E-mail: matveenko@ippe.ru; Lititskii, V. A.; Shokod'ko, A. G. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Heterogeneous effects in fast breeder reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heterogeneous effects in fast breeder reactors are examined through development of simple but accurate models for the calculation of a posteriori corrections to a volume-averaged homogeneous representation. Three distinct ...

Gregory, Michael Vladimir

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Size Effects in Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects in these mechanisms has both scientific and technological relevance. Superelastic behavior of Ni54Fe19Ga27 shape memory alloy single crystalline pillars was studied under compression as a function of pillar diameter. Multiple pillars...

Ozdemir, Nevin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

ACTION SPECTRUM OF THE "SECOND EMERSON EFFECT"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at 670 mju in the action spectrum of the "second Emerson effect"' (22, 33), in the green alga Chlorella the fraction of total absorbed light absorbed by the accessory pigments (be it chlorophyll b in Chlorella

Govindjee

370

EMC effect: asymptotic freedom with nuclear targets  

SciTech Connect

General features of the EMC effect are discussed within the framework of quantum chromodynamics as expressed via the operator product expansion and asymptotic freedom. These techniques are reviewed with emphasis on the target dependence. 22 references.

West, G.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Effect of Resuspension on Primary Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a physically-forced environment, the rate of net areal production may be driven by resuspension of benthic algae and sediment. Short-term ... than variation between days. The effect of resuspension on net area...

Hugh L. MacIntyre

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect? Pragya Shukla · Dynamical laws, both in quantum and classical theory, are ?me-symmetric. · Measurements, the result of a measurement performed at a later ?me t1 or previous ?me

373

Global Warming Effects on Us Hurricane Damage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While many studies of the effects of global warming on hurricanes predict an increase in various metrics of Atlantic basin-wide activity, it is less clear that this signal will emerge from background noise in measures of ...

Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

374

The Effects of Elite Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

Johansen, Morgen S.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

375

Designing for effective stationkeeping in ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and intervention vessels for Arctic oil and gas. #12;2. An effective Ice Management system · Ice Management for the CIVArctic vessel. - Comparison with the ice model tests carried out in the Aker Arctic ice tank in May 2011

Nørvåg, Kjetil

376

Cost Effective Cooling Strategies for Manufacturing Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial plants are designed for a specific purpose of manufacturing products or a group of products in the most cost effective way. One factor which is often very poorly addressed is the environmental requirements for the workplace. Environmental...

Kumar, R.

377

Motions Effect for Crowd Modeling Aboard Ships  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pre-computed ship-motion history has been used in the...inclination...steering behavior as simple means for considering the effects of ship motion on simulated passengers’ movement. This ... of the phenomenon, th...

K. V. Kostas; A.-A. I. Ginnis; C. G. Politis…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Effect of Mooring Lines on Ship Motions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that for open sea moorings the effect of the mooring lines on the dynamics of a vessel is restricted to the lower frequency range below the wave spectrum frequencies.

Professor Michael Triantafyllou

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Measuring Hedge Effectiveness for FAS 133 Compliance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Financial Accounting Standard (FAS) 133 requires business entities to document their anticipation of hedge effectiveness in order to qualify for hedge accounting treatment of gains and losses from financial derivatives. ...

Charnes, John M.; Koch, Paul D.; Berkman, John

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Spin effects in single-electron transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic electron transport phenomena observed in single-electron transistors (SETs) are introduced, such as Coulomb-blockade diamonds, inelastic cotunneling thresholds, the spin-1/2 Kondo effect, and Fano interference. With ...

Granger, Ghislain

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

MIT-CTP/4229 Effective Field Theory  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

can result from our model but is not an attempt to give a precise fit to exper- imental data, which would require a more careful analysis of the effects of disorder, the lattice,...

382

The Hawthorne effect and energy awareness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects of sustained energy conservation programs seem...consumers habituate to the messages, or have increasing...Social norms and energy conservation . J Public Econ 95 ( 9 ): 1082...this study and The Energy and Behavior Group...

Daniel Schwartz; Baruch Fischhoff; Tamar Krishnamurti; Fallaw Sowell

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Proportional structural effects of formative indicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formative constructs must influence two or more distinct outcome variables for meaningful tests of the formative conceptualization. Because the construct mediates the effects of its indicators, the indicators must have ...

Franke, George R.; Preacher, K. J.; Rigdon, Ed E.

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Effects of Atmospheric Turbulence on Ballistic Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of atmospheric turbulence on munition target scatter are determined from numerical simulations of ballistic trajectories through many realizations of realistic simulated turbulent wind fields. A technique is evaluated for correcting ...

Rod Frehlich; Robert Sharman; Charles Clough; Michael Padovani; Kelly Fling; Ward Boughers; W. Scott Walton

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Effects of environmental change on wildlife health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Effects of environmental change on wildlife health Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse 1 * Amanda...Living organisms will strive to maintain health by recognizing and resolving abnormal...additional pressure on immunocompetence and health maintenance, which may seriously impact...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The Polarizing Effect of Arousal on Negotiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this research, we examined the impact of physiological arousal on negotiation outcomes. Conventional wisdom and the prescriptive literature suggest that arousal should be minimized given its negative effect on negotiations, ...

Brown, Ashley D.

387

Automation improves personal effectiveness while reducing drudgery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation improves personal effectiveness while reducing drudgery ... "The term automation ," says one Department of Labor official with undisguised feeling, "is a hopeless semantic jungle." ... One industry man defines automation very loosely as any way of doing things better with machines. ...

1966-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

388

Emissions trading and effects on financial markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change and its effects on business has become a focal discussion point in relation to corporate financial performance. As emissions trading is one of the closest and most ... However, these direct and ind...

Timo Busch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Data Room - Facilities - Radiation Effects Facility / Cyclotron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

radiation effects beam - line. Cable passage to beam line. In addition to a 18 port bnc patch panel connecting the data room and beam line area, there are also a series of...

390

Our Old Friend the Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

You’dbe hardput these days topickupany bookonastronomy and notfindsomewhere in its pages mention of the Doppler effect; this might be to dowith the proper ... of coursewe knownowthat this actually isn’t aDoppler

Keith Robinson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Doppler Effect in a Moving Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The great increase in the accuracy of Doppler measurements in space requires a rigorous definition ... perturbation theorem which generalizes the concept of the Doppler effect as a Lagrangean derivative. Relativi...

Bruno Bertotti

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Gas content effect on bubble motion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gas content is one of the important bubble parameters. In this article, the gas content effect on the bubble motion is investigated by numerical simulation based on the...

Yang, Bo; Chen, Xiao; Xu, Rongqing; Lu, Jian; Ni, Xiaowu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Heavy quarks in effective field theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy quark physics serves as a probe to understand QCD, measure standard model parameters, and look for signs of new physics. We study several aspects of heavy quark systems in an effective field theory framework, including ...

Jain, Ambar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effect of electric shock on capillary resistance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To determine the effect of electric shock on the capillary resistance (CR) a study was made of ... a mental hospital with a total of 31 electric shocks. The measurements were taken in the...

Dr. Rauno Heikinheimo; Osmo Sallas

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Radiation Effects in Fission and Fusion Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the prediction of “Wigner disease” [1...] and the subsequent observation of anisotropic growth of the graphite used in the Chicago Pile, the effects of radiation on materials has been an important technolog...

G. Robert Odette; Brian D. Wirth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Irradiation Effects on Microstructure Change in Nanocrystalline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of thin films and reduction of the probability of detrimental effects of stress-induced problems are discussed. Citation: Edmondson PD, Y Zhang, SJ Moll, F Namavar, and WJ...

397

Laser intensity effects in noncommutative QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a two-fold extension of QED assuming the presence of strong external fields provided by an ultra-intense laser and noncommutativity of spacetime. While noncommutative effects leave the electron's intensity induced mass shift unchanged, the photons change significantly in character: they acquire a quasi-momentum that is no longer light-like. We study the consequences of this combined noncommutative strong-field effect for basic lepton-photon interactions.

Thomas Heinzl; Anton Ilderton; Mattias Marklund

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mechanistic studies using kinetic isotope effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MECHANISTIC STUDIES USING KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECTS A Thesis by BRIAN E. SCHULMFIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requtrements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1999 Major Subject: Chemistry MECHANISTIC STUDIES USING KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECTS A Thesis by BRIAN E. SCHULMEIER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Schulmeier, Brian E.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Universality and ambiguity in fermionic effective actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss an ambiguity in the one-loop effective action of massive fields which takes place in massive fermionic theories. The universality of logarithmic UV divergences in different space-time dimensions leads to the non-universality of the finite part of effective action, which can be called the non-local multiplicative anomaly. The general criteria of existence of this phenomena are formulated and applied to fermionic operators with different external fields.

Guilherme de Berredo-Peixoto; Dante D. Pereira; Ilya L. Shapiro

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

400

Effects of Brush Management on Water Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TR-338 2008 Effects of Brush Management on Water Resources By: C. Allan Jones and Lucas Gregory, Texas Water Resources Institute, Texas A&M AgriLife Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report... November 2008 Effects of Brush Management on Water Resources By Allan Jones and Lucas Gregory Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M AgriLife November 2008 TR-338 2008 1 Summary ? For several decades, land managers have cleared brush...

Jones, C. Allan; Gregory, Lucas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Photovoltaics effective capacity: Interim final report 2  

SciTech Connect

The authors provide solid evidence, based on more than 8 million data points, that regional photovoltaic (PV) effective capacity is largely unrelated to the region`s solar resource. They confirm, however, that effective capacity is strongly related to load-shape characteristics. The load-shape effective-capacity relationship appears to be valid for end-use loads as small as 100 kW, except possibly in the case of electrically heated buildings. This relationship was used as a tool to produce a US map of PV`s effective capacity. The regions of highest effective capacities include (1) the central US from the northern Great Plains to the metropolitan areas of Chicago and Detroit, down to the lower Mississippi Valley, (2) California and western Arizona, and (3) the northeast metropolitan corridor. The features of this map are considerably different from the traditional solar resource maps. They tend to reflect the socio-economic and climatic factors that indirectly drive PV`s effective capacity: e.g., commercial air-conditioning, little use of electric heat, and strong summer heat waves. The map provides a new and significant insight to a comprehensive valuation of the PV resource. The authors assembled preliminary evidence showing that end-use load type may be related to PV`s effective capacity. Highest effective capacities were found for (nonelectrically heated) office buildings, followed by hospitals. Lowest capacities were found for airports and residences. Many more data points are needed, however, to ascertain and characterize these preliminary findings.

Perez, R.; Seals, R. [State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (United States). Atmospheric Sciences Research Center

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Manifestation and Origin of the Isotope Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article reviews from one point of view the current status of the manifestations of isotope effect in a nuclear, atomic and molecular as well as solid state physics. Although these manifestations vary, they have one common feature - they all depend on mass. At present time the Standard Model can't explain the origin of the mass of elementary particles and their hierarchy. The last one don't permit to find the origin of the isotope effect.

V. G. Plekhanov

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

403

The mirror effect: Virginia Woolf's war writings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Semor Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Humanities THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Senior Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas Ak...

Murchison, Marcia Wilkens

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Effect of Salt Water on Rice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERIME .-- - --- - -- BULLETIN NO. izz. June, 1909. THE EFFECT OF SALT WATE ON RICE, LAPS, Che Postoffice College Station, 1 --- Texas. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT S I'ATIONS. OFFICERS. GOVERNING BOARD. (Board of Directors A. and M... is Col- lege Station, Texas. Reports and bulletins are sent upon application to the Director. The Effect of Salt Water on Rice. . ...... By G. S. FRAPS. At some of the rice farms located near the coast, the amount of water lxml~etl is sometimes...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

New wave effects in nonstationary plasma  

SciTech Connect

Through particle-in-cell simulations and analytics, a host of interesting and novel wave effects in nonstationary plasma are examined. In particular, Langmuir waves serve as a model system to explore wave dynamics in plasmas undergoing compression, expansion, and charge recombination. The entire wave life-cycle is explored, including wave excitation, adiabatic evolution and action conservation, nonadiabatic evolution and resonant wave-particle effects, collisional dissipation, and potential laboratory applications of the aforementioned phenomenology.

Schmit, P. F. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1186 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1186 (United States); Fisch, N. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)] [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Effects of gamma radiation on Serratia marcescens; a comparison of effects of two different exposure rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'Donovan, Effect of gamma radiation on Serratia marcescens: Comparison of the radiosensi- tivity of pigmented and nonpigmented cells. Radiation Res, 48, 40-52 (1971). 18. Alison P. Casarett, Radiation ~Biolo . p. 159. Prentice-Hall, Inc. , Englewood Cliffs... EFFECTS OF GAMMA RADIATION ON SL'RNATIA MARCESCENS A COMPARISON OF EFFECTS OF TWO DIFFERENT EXPOSURE RATES A Thesis by CHRISTY ANNETTE MOORE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Moore, Christy Annette

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Effective dislocation lines in continuously dislocated crystals. II. Congruences of effective dislocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The notion of a congruence of effective dislocation lines endowed with the nonvanishing local Burgers vector is introduced. Particularly, the class of congruences of principal Volterra-type effective dislocation lines associated with the dislocation densities (tensorial as well as scalar) is distinguished in order to investigate the geometry of continuized defective crystals in terms of these densities. It is shown that effective dislocation lines can be endowed with the dislocation line tension and with a finite self-energy.

Andrzej Trzesowski

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

408

Anthropogenic sounds ? Potential effects on fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is concern that human?generated sounds may have deleterious effects on fish. This paper will review some of what is currently known about these effects and consider the questions that have to be answered before developing models to enable "prediction" of sound effects on particular fish species. A major restriction is that there are few peer?reviewed data on effects of anthropogenic sources on fish. Extrapolation from these results is further confounded since experiments differ in many ways each of which may alter the resultant impact on fish. For example studies vary in sounds types tested (e.g. pile driving vs. ship noise) signal parameters (intensity number of repetitions) species used fish age etc. Moreover a singularly important issue is that while many of the issues and impact mechanisms are potentially amenable to experimental lab study the ultimate questions regarding the effects of sound on fish behavior need to field based and require long?term observations where behaviour of wild fish is not constrained. Only by observing fish in the wild will we ultimately understand if and how anthropogenic sounds impact fish both during exposure and more importantly for extended periods after the termination of the sound.

Arthur Popper; Svein Lo/kkeborg; Robert McCauley

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Biological effectiveness of neutrons: Research needs  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this report was to provide a conceptual plan for a research program that would provide a basis for determining more precisely the biological effectiveness of neutron radiation with emphasis on endpoints relevant to the protection of human health. This report presents the findings of the experts for seven particular categories of scientific information on neutron biological effectiveness. Chapter 2 examines the radiobiological mechanisms underlying the assumptions used to estimate human risk from neutrons and other radiations. Chapter 3 discusses the qualitative and quantitative models used to organize and evaluate experimental observations and to provide extrapolations where direct observations cannot be made. Chapter 4 discusses the physical principles governing the interaction of radiation with biological systems and the importance of accurate dosimetry in evaluating radiation risk and reducing the uncertainty in the biological data. Chapter 5 deals with the chemical and molecular changes underlying cellular responses and the LET dependence of these changes. Chapter 6, in turn, discusses those cellular and genetic changes which lead to mutation or neoplastic transformation. Chapters 7 and 8 examine deterministic and stochastic effects, respectively, and the data required for the prediction of such effects at different organizational levels and for the extrapolation from experimental results in animals to risks for man. Gaps and uncertainties in this data are examined relative to data required for establishing radiation protection standards for neutrons and procedures for the effective and safe use of neutron and other high-LET radiation therapy.

Casarett, G.W.; Braby, L.A.; Broerse, J.J.; Elkind, M.M.; Goodhead, D.T.; Oleinick, N.L.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

LIFE SKILLS GAINED THROUGH ORAL PRESENTATIONS One of the most common fears among adults is speaking in public. Youth and adults who learn to effectively speak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in education and employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation and federal laws. BUL880 (4-H#27511) Tips #6 Getting Your Message Across with Posters describes factors to consider when using and creating posters for a presentation. Learn to determine if using a poster

O'Laughlin, Jay

411

Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan; Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, 1997-2002 Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect

Westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) are currently of special concern regionally and are important to the culture and subsistence needs of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. The mission of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program is to restore and maintain these native trout and the habitats that sustain them in order to provide subsistence harvest and recreational fishing opportunities for the Reservation community. The adfluvial life history strategy exhibited by westslope cutthroat and bull trout in the Lake Coeur d'Alene subbasin makes these fish susceptible to habitat degradation and competition in both lake and stream environments. Degraded habitat in Lake Coeur d'Alene and its associated streams and the introduction of exotic species has lead to the decline of westslope cutthroat and listing of bull trout under the endangered species act (Peters et al. 1998). Despite the effects of habitat degradation, several streams on the Reservation still maintain populations of westslope cutthroat trout, albeit in a suppressed condition (Table 1). The results of several early studies looking at fish population status and habitat condition on the Reservation (Graves et al. 1990; Lillengreen et al. 1993, 1996) lead the Tribe to aggressively pursue funding for habitat restoration under the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) resident fish substitution program. Through these efforts, habitat restoration needs were identified and projects were initiated. The Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program is currently involved in implementing stream habitat restoration projects, reducing the transport of sediment from upland sources, and monitoring fish populations in four watersheds on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation (Figure 1). Restoration projects have included riparian plantings, addition of large woody debris to streams, and complete channel reconstruction to restore historical natural channel forms. In addition, ponds have been constructed to trap sediment from rill and gully erosion associated with agricultural practices, and to provide flow enhancement and ameliorate elevated stream temperatures during the summer base flow period. The implementation of restoration efforts that target the key habitats and lifestages for resident westslope cutthroat trout on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation is one means the Tribe is using to partially mitigate for lost anadromous fisheries. In this context, restoration is consistent with the definition provided by Ebersole et al. (1997), who described stream restoration as the reexpression of habitat capacity in a stream system. At the reach scale, habitat capacity is affected by biotic (e.g., riparian vegetation) and physical (e.g., flooding) processes. Superimposed on the natural biotic and physical processes are anthropogenic stressors (e.g., logging, roads and grazing) that suppress habitat capacity and can result in simplified, degraded stream reaches. The effectiveness of habitat restoration, measured as an increase in native trout abundance, is dependent on reducing limiting factors (e.g., passage barriers, high water temperatures, sediment transport from source areas) in areas that are critical for spawning and rearing lifestages. This plan outlines a monitoring strategy to help determine the effectiveness of specific restoration/enhancement treatments and to track the status of trout populations in four target watersheds.

Vitale, Angelo; Lamb, Dave; Peters, Ronald

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Lake Effect Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Effect Energy LLC Effect Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Effect Energy LLC Place Buffalo, New York Sector Wind energy Product Wind Project Developer in New York State. Coordinates 42.88544°, -78.878464° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.88544,"lon":-78.878464,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

413

Using OpenMP Effectively on Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using OpenMP Effectively Using OpenMP Effectively Using OpenMP Effectively Performance Implications of Using OpenMP A combined team of NERSC and Cray staff has formed a Cray "Center of Excellence" to examine programming models beyond pure MPI on the 24 core Hopper nodes. One of the key findings with hybrid MPI-OpenMP codes is that although OpenMP may not alter the performance of an application very much, using OpenMP can dramatically decrease memory usage, allowing larger problems to be addressed. See the figures and explanations below. When using hybrid OpenMP-MPI in applications NERSC strongly suggests running with 4 MPI tasks and 6 OpenMP threads each per node. Using 1 MPI task and 24 OpenMP threads per node is NOT an optimal way to use the Hopper nodes, as it is very hard to address the performance implications of the

414

Effective Design Strategies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effective Design Strategies Effective Design Strategies Effective Design Strategies October 16, 2013 - 4:47pm Addthis As described in the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG), all Federal agencies are required to follow the Guiding Principles for New Construction and Major Renovations, which include considerations for renewable energy. Renewable energy technologies can vary by building type and by climate zone, so Federal agencies should fully assess all options before incorporating them into building design. The most common renewable energy technology and design strategies include: Focus on the efficient use of energy, including natural resources Ensure that the building is solar ready Consider the most common renewable energy technology options Look for additional opportunities Focus on Energy Efficiency

415

Electron Screening Effect on Stellar Thermonuclear Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key words Dense matter, stellar nucleosynthesis. We study the impact of plasma correlation effects on nonresonant thermonuclear reactions for various stellar objects, namely in the liquid envelopes of neutron stars, and the interiors of white dwarfs, low-mass stars, and substellar objects. We examine in particular the effect of electron screening on the enhancement of thermonuclear reactions in dense plasmas within and beyond the linear mixing rule approximation as well as the corrections due to quantum effects at high density. In addition, we examine some recent unconventional theoretical results on stellar thermonuclear fusions and show that these scenarios do not apply to stellar conditions. c ? 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 1

K. -h. Spatschek; M. Bonitz; T. Klinger; U. Ebert; C. Franck; A. V. Keudell; D. Naujoks; M. Dewitz; A. Y. Potekhin; G. Chabrier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Effects of welfare reform on women's crime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We investigate the effects of broad-based work incentives on female crime by exploiting the welfare reform legislation of the 1990s, which dramatically increased employment among women at risk for relying on cash assistance. We base the analyses on the supply of crime model in the human capital literature which emphasizes the importance of employment prospects in the legal and illegal labor markets. We find suggestive evidence that welfare reform decreased female arrests for property crimes (by 4–5%), but that it did not affect arrests for other types of crimes. The effects appear to be stronger in states with larger welfare caseload declines. As welfare reform policies are targeted to females, it is empirically validating that we do not find any substantively or statistically significant effects of welfare reform on crime among males. The findings point to broad-based work incentives—and, by inference, employment—as an important determinant of female property crime.

Hope Corman; Dhaval M. Dave; Nancy E. Reichman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

The health effects of depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been a substantial amount of public discussion on the health effects of the use of depleted uranium (DU) munitions. In response to this concern the Royal Society set up an independent, expert working group to investigate the health effects of DU munitions. The Royal Society has now produced two reports, and this summary covering the key conclusions and recommendations from both reports. The part I report considered the increased risks of radiation-induced cancer from exposures to DU on the battlefield. Part II dealt with the risks from the chemical toxicity of uranium, non-malignant radiation effects from DU intakes, the long-term environmental consequences of the deployment of DU munitions and responses to part I including issues arising at a public meeting to discuss the part I report.

The Royal Society Working Group on the Health Hazards of

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Probing Nano-Mechanical QED Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and study an "intrinsic probing" approach, without introducing any external detector, to mimic cavity QED effects in a qubit-nanomechanical resonator system. This metallic nanomechanical resonator can act as an intrinsic detector when a weak driving current passes through it. The nanomechanical resonator acts as both the cavity and the detector. A cavity QED-like effect is demonstrated by the correlation spectrum of the electromotive force between the two ends of the nanomechanical resonator. Using the quantum regression theorem and perturbation theory, we analytically calculate the correlation spectrum. In the weak driving limit, we study the effect on the vacuum Rabi splitting of both the strength of the driving as well as the frequency-detuning between the charge qubit and the nanomechanical resonator. Numerical calculations confirm the validity of our intrinsic probing approach.

Y. B. Gao; S. Yang; Yu-xi Liu; C. P. Sun; Franco Nori

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Controls (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Controls (Agreement Number 13425)NPBF Effects on PM OxidationNPBF Effects on EGR System Performance Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels:...

420

Surface permeability tests: experiments and modelling for estimating effective permeability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effective permeabilities in a two-dimensional domain with anisotropic effective permeabilities. The procedures put forward in this...1991Analytical models of the effective permeability of sand-shale reservoirsGeophys. J. Int. 105 513527( doi:10.1111...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Photo-Thermal Effects in Fiber Bragg Gratings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The photo-thermal effect describes the absorption of light and a change in grating characteristics via dn/dT, which can mask fast non-linear optical effects. The effect is...

Littler, Ian C; Grujic, Thomas; Eggleton, Benjamin J

422

AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT Acquisition Letters (AL)...

423

AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT AL 2014-06 ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT Acquisition Letters (AL) that remain in effect are identified below. All other...

424

Alliance mental models and strategic alliance team effectiveness.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examined the relationship between alliance mental models and strategic alliance team effectiveness using the input-process-output model of team effectiveness. Strategic alliance team effectiveness… (more)

Zoogah, Baniyelme David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Electric Aharonov-Bohm Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In their seminal paper Aharonov and Bohm (1959) claimed that electromagnetic fields can act at a distance on charged particles even if they are identically zero in the region of space where the particles propagate. They proposed two experiments to verify their theoretical conclusions. The magnetic effect, that has been extensively studied, and the electric effect where an electron is affected by a time-dependent electric potential that is constant in the region where the electron is propagating, i.e., such that the electric field vanishes along its trajectory. The Aharonov-Bohm effects imply such a strong departure from the physical intuition coming from classical physics that it is no wonder that they remain a highly controversial issue, after more than fifty years. The existence of electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, that has not been confirmed experimentally, is a very controversial issue. In their 1959 paper Aharonov and Bohm proposed an Ansatz for the solution to the Schroedinger equation in regions where there is a time-dependent electric potential that is constant in space. It consists in multiplying the free evolution by a phase given by the integral in time of the potential. The validity of this Ansatz predicts interference fringes between parts of a coherent electron beam that are subjected to different potentials. In this paper we prove that the exact solution to the Schroedinger equation is given by the Aharonov-Bohm Ansatz up to an error bound in norm that is uniform in time and that decays as a constant divided by the velocity. Our results give, for the first time, a rigorous proof that quantum mechanics predicts the existence of the electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, under conditions that we provide. We hope that our results will estimulate the experimental research on the electric Aharonov-Bohm effect.

Ricardo Weder

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor L. Smilenov 1 , M. Grad 2 , D. Attinger 2 and E.Hall 1 1 Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University DOE Grant: DEPS0208ER0820 Abstract: miRNA are 21-23 mer RNA molecules which are essential for organism development and cell functions. They regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'UTR of mRNA, inducing either

427

Pairing Effects in Nuclear Fusion Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We simulate a heavy-ion collision using the canonical-basis time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory (Cb-TDHFB) treating pairing correlation in the three-dimensional coordinate space. We apply the Cb-TDHFB to 22O+22O collision with a contact-type pairing energy functional, and compare results of Cb-TDHFB and TDHF to investigate the effects of pairing correlations in nuclear fusion. Our results seem to indicate that pairing effects do not increase the fusion cross section in this system.

Ebata, Shuichiro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Toxicology and cellular effect of manufactured nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The increasing use of nanotechnology in consumer products and medical applications underlies the importance of understanding its potential toxic effects to people and the environment. Herein are described methods and assays to predict and evaluate the cellular effects of nanomaterial exposure. Exposing cells to nanomaterials at cytotoxic doses induces cell cycle arrest and increases apoptosis/necrosis, activates genes involved in cellular transport, metabolism, cell cycle regulation, and stress response. Certain nanomaterials induce genes indicative of a strong immune and inflammatory response within skin fibroblasts. Furthermore, the described multiwall carbon nanoonions (MWCNOs) can be used as a therapeutic in the treatment of cancer due to its cytotoxicity.

Chen, Fanqing

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

429

Bulk viscosity effects on elliptic flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of bulk viscosity on the elliptic flow $v_{2}$ are studied using realistic equation of state and realistic transport coefficients. We find that thebulk viscosity acts in a non trivial manner on $v_{2}$. At low $p_{T}$, the reduction of $v_{2}$ is even more effective compared to the case of shear viscosity, whereas at high $p_{T}$, an enhancement of $v_{2}$ compared to the ideal case is observed. We argue that this is caused by the competition of the critical behavior of the equation of state and the transport coefficients.

G. S. Denicol; T. Kodama; T. Koide; Ph. Mota

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effect of acemannan on wound healing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the synergistic effects of IL-1, IL-6 and IFNT (94, 92). TNF specific binding is enhanced by IFNT in some cells. The increase in binding is due to the increase of synthesis of the TNF receptor (62). An increase in the TNF synthesis can be attributed... . . 139 REFERENCES . APPENDIX APPENDIX II. . VITA 141 . 152 153 . . 154 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1. Cell types and the cytokines they secrete or affect them . . 11 2. Cytokine and their known effects . . 12 3. Mouse strain and TNFa levels...

Parnell, Laura Shifflett

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Manifestly Supersymmetric Effective Lagrangians on BPS Solitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A systematic method to obtain the effective Lagrangian on the BPS background in supersymmetric gauge theories is worked out, taking domain walls and vortices as concrete examples. The Lagrangian in terms of the superfields for four preserved SUSY is expanded in powers of the slow-movement parameter lambda. The expansion gives the superfield form of the BPS equations at {O}(lambda^0), and all the fluctuation fields at {O}(lambda^1). The density of the Kaehler potential for the effective Lagrangian follows as an automatic consequence of the lambda expansion with manifest (four preserved) SUSY.

Minoru Eto; Youichi Isozumi; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; Norisuke Sakai

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Manifestly supersymmetric effective Lagrangians on BPS solitons  

SciTech Connect

A systematic method to obtain the effective Lagrangian on the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield background in supersymmetric gauge theories is worked out, taking domain walls and vortices as concrete examples. The Lagrangian in terms of the superfields with four preserved supercharges is expanded in powers of the slow-movement parameter {lambda}. The expansion gives the superfield form of the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield equations at O({lambda}{sup 0}), and all the fluctuation fields at O({lambda}{sup 1}). The density of the Kaehler potential for the effective Lagrangian follows as an automatic consequence of the {lambda} expansion making (four preserved) supercharges manifest.

Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Branching and Momentum Effects in Photochemistry  

SciTech Connect

The decision on the fate of the reaction (branching of the path) is sometimes not only taken at the last conical intersection, but the Franck-Condon region can also contribute. Consideration of simple properties such as the slopes of the potential surfaces can explain effects such as the principle of least motion or the torquoselectivity without invoking ad-hoc electronic effects. The lack of stereospecificity of cyclobutene ring opening and the wavelength dependence of photochemical reactions of alkylated olefins and cyclobutenes can similarly be explained, if one assumes in addition that the momentum is conserved over a certain time.

Fuss, Werner [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

434

Probable hydrologic effects of subsurface mining  

SciTech Connect

This case history provides information on the ground-water system and presents the results of an analysis of present and future hydrologic effects of coal mining in the Appalachian coal basin. Although emphasis is on the probable hydrologic effects due to subsurface mining, examples and discussions are equally applicable to surface mine problems. The case history is based on an ongoing study in Greene County which will be completed in 1983. Cooperators in this project were the Pennsylvania Geologic and Topographic Survey and the Greene County Commissioners. The study stemmed from local interest in the rural water supply of the county which is predominantly groundwater.

Stoner, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits. 10 figs.

Baca, A.G.; Drummond, T.J.; Robertson, P.J.; Zipperian, T.E.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

436

Artificial Retina Project: Electromagnetic and Thermal Effects  

SciTech Connect

This award supported the investigation on electromagnetic and thermal effects associated with the artificial retina, designed in collaboration with national laboratories, universities, and private companies. Our work over the two years of support under this award has focused mainly on 1) Design of new telemetry coils for optimal power and data transfer between the implant and the external device while achieving a significant size reduction with respect to currently used coils; 2) feasibility study of the virtual electrode configuration 3) study the effect of pulse shape and duration on the stimulation efficacy.

Lazzi, Gianluca

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

Relativistic Doppler effect in quantum communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When an electromagnetic signal propagates in vacuo, a polarization detector cannot be rigorously perpendicular to the wave vector because of diffraction effects. The vacuum behaves as a noisy channel, even if the detectors are perfect. The ``noise'' can however be reduced and nearly cancelled by a relative motion of the observer toward the source. The standard definition of a reduced density matrix fails for photon polarization, because the transversality condition behaves like a superselection rule. We can however define an effective reduced density matrix which corresponds to a restricted class of positive operator-valued measures. There are no pure photon qubits, and no exactly orthogonal qubit states.

Asher Peres; Daniel R. Terno

2002-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Effective equations for GFT condensates from fidelity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The derivation of effective equations for group field theories is discussed from a variational point of view, with the action being determined by the fidelity of the trial state with respect to the exact state. It is shown how the maximisation procedure with respect to the parameters of the trial state lead to the expected equations, in the case of simple condensates. Furthermore, we show that the second functional derivative of the fidelity gives a compact way to estimate, within the effective theory itself, the limits of its validity. The generalisation can be extended to include the Nakajima--Zwanzig projection method for general mixed trial states.

Lorenzo Sindoni

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effectiveness of advanced coating systems for mitigating blast effects on steel components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effectiveness of advanced coating systems for mitigating blast effects on steel components C. Chen1 tool for steel components. The response of polyurea coated steel components under blast loading of polyurea onto armor grade steel plates and an examination of resulting failure modes and governing design

440

A study of effect affecting to energy in drying processby failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to study the effect affecting energy in drying process for decreasing humidity. The residual humidity in Para wood affects to expand or shrink when they are fabricated or assembled in window or door frame wood. Finally, ... Keywords: drying process, factorial design, failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)

Vanchai Laemlaksakul

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Negative Muon Chemistry: The Quantum Muon Effect and the Finite Nuclear Mass Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Negative Muon Chemistry: The Quantum Muon Effect and the Finite Nuclear Mass Effect ... In this approach electrons and muons are described as quantum waves. ... The nonrelativistic Hamiltonian, Htot, of a molecular system containing Ne electrons, N? muons, and Nnuc nuclei is(1)here m? is the muon mass and MA and ZA are the mass and charge of nucleus A, respectively. ...

Edwin Posada; Félix Moncada; Andrés Reyes

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

442

ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND CURRENT;EPA. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New National Occurrence and Exposure to Arsenic in Public Drinking Water Supplies (Revised Draft). Washington

443

Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective,...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy Efficient Future Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy Efficient Future November...

444

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit...

445

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuel Effects in HCCI (Agreement 13415...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuel Effects in HCCI (Agreement 13415) Advanced Petroleum Based Fuel Effects in HCCI (Agreement 13415) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

446

Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions Characterized particulate emissions from U.S.-legal...

447

Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and Small Non-Road Engines, Report 1 Updated Feb 2009 Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and...

448

Effectiveness of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) to control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Effectiveness of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) to control CO and hydrocarbon emissions from Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) combustion Effectiveness of a...

449

Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common Constituents of Natural Waters on Corrosion Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common...

450

Observation of Entropic Effect on Conformation Changes of Complex...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Entropic Effect on Conformation Changes of Complex Systems Under Well-Controlled Temperature Condition. Observation of Entropic Effect on Conformation Changes of Complex Systems...

451

Health effects of air pollution: some historical notes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that was his first air pollution health effects committeeand direction of air pollution health effects research inof community air pollution, including health ef- fects, has

Whittenberger, J L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Effect of Changes in Diesel Exhaust Composition and After...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Effect of Changes in Diesel Exhaust Composition and After-Treatment Technology on Lung Inflammation and Resistance to Viral Infection The Effect of Changes in Diesel Exhaust...

453

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: 2005 Diesel Engine...

454

Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop and Laboratory Flume Studies Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop and Laboratory Flume Studies This...

455

Update on Modeling for Effective Diesel Engine Aftertreatment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Update on Modeling for Effective Diesel Engine Aftertreatment Implementation - Master Plan, Status and Critical Needs Update on Modeling for Effective Diesel Engine Aftertreatment...

456

Radiation Effects Research Foundation Links Past and Future ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiation Effects Research Foundation Links Past and Future Radiation Effects Research Foundation Links Past and Future August 2009 This document provides historical information...

457

An advanced understanding of the specific effects of xylan and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An advanced understanding of the specific effects of xylan and surface lignin contents on enzymatic hydrolysis of An advanced understanding of the specific effects of xylan and...

458

Hanford Solar Power: Cost Effective and Mobile | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Hanford Solar Power: Cost Effective and Mobile Hanford Solar Power: Cost Effective and Mobile February 26, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis EMs Richland Operations Office and its...

459

Rapid Compression Machine ? A Key Experimental Device to Effectively...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rapid Compression Machine A Key Experimental Device to Effectively Collaborate with Basic Energy Sciences Rapid Compression Machine A Key Experimental Device to Effectively...

460

Integrated Design and Manufacturing of Cost-Effective & Industrial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cost-Effective & Industrial-Scalable TEG for Vehicle Applications Integrated Design and Manufacturing of Cost-Effective & Industrial-Scalable TEG for Vehicle Applications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effects of the NMDA antagonist memantine on human methamphetamine discrimination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective....This study investigated the discriminative stimulus, subjective (e.g. "Good Drug Effect"), psychomotor performance, and cardiovascular effects (e.g. blood pressure) of oral methamphe...

Carl L. Hart; Margaret Haney; Richard W. Foltin; Marian W. Fischman

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems Explores the economics of CO2 emission...

463

CHP: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future, December...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2008 CHP: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future, December 2008 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) solutions represent a proven and effective near-term energy option to...

464

Arene Trifluoromethylation: An Effective Strategy to Obtain Air...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effective Strategy to Obtain Air-Stable nType Organic Semiconductors with Tunable Optoelectronic Arene Trifluoromethylation: An Effective Strategy to Obtain Air-Stable nType...

465

Stable Free Radicals and Potential Implications for Health Effects...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Stable Free Radicals and Potential Implications for Health Effects of Diesel Emissions Stable Free Radicals and Potential Implications for Health Effects of Diesel Emissions 2005...

466

Components Responsible for the Health Effects of Inhaled Engine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Responsible for the Health Effects of Inhaled Engine Emissions Components Responsible for the Health Effects of Inhaled Engine Emissions Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel...

467

Charter for the Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charter for the Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy Laboratories Charter for the Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy...

468

Watermelon-like iron nanoparticles: Cr doping effect on magnetism...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Watermelon-like iron nanoparticles: Cr doping effect on magnetism and magnetization interaction reversal. Watermelon-like iron nanoparticles: Cr doping effect on magnetism and...

469

Effects of prolonged prophylactic ankle bracing on dynamic postural control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Studies in the past have been conducted regarding ankle braces and their efficacy, cost effectiveness and their effects on functional performance, but there is a… (more)

Spencer, Brinn M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/Retrofit Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 894 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/2009 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/reductions occurring on an accelerated schedule compared to

Millstein, Dev E.; Harley, Robert A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Exhaust Conditions on Diesel Particulate Filter Service Life and Vehicle Fuel Economy Characteristics and Effects of...

472

Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy Efficient Future, November 18, 2008 Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy...

473

Effect of Thickness on the Structure, Composition and Properties...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Thickness on the Structure, Composition and Properties of Titanium Nitride Nano-Coatings. Effect of Thickness on the Structure, Composition and Properties of Titanium...

474

Effects of Vacancy Decontrol on Berkeley Rental Housing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lambie-Hanson, Effects of Vacancy Decontrol Quigley, John M.Volume 21, 2008 Effects of Vacancy Decontrol on Berkeleyimpact of the current vacancy decontrol system on housing

Lambie-Hanson, Lauren

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Project SEEBECK Saving Energy Effectively By Engaging in Collaborative...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Project SEEBECK Saving Energy Effectively By Engaging in Collaborative research and sharing Knowledge Project SEEBECK Saving Energy Effectively By Engaging in Collaborative...

476

Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency Clean-Combustion Engines Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency...

477

Original article The effects of ectomycorrhizal status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, water-use efficiency and response to transplanting in seedlings of Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb) Franco), L laccata is more efficient than T terrestris in increasing photosynthesis and water use efficiency effect of L laccata on photosynthesis and water use efficiency is, at least partly, due

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

4, 227265, 2004 Effect of organic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Physics Discussions Effect of organic compounds on nanoparticle formation in diluted diesel exhaust U. Introduction Exhaust from diesel engines represents an important anthropogenic source of particles in ambient Print Version Interactive Discussion © EGU 2004 Abstract The nucleation of nanoparticles in the exhaust

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

5, 40574082, 2005 Mass transfer effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(TDMA) has been widely utilized to measure the hygroscopicity of laboratory-generated and atmospheric in the measurements of other properties related to the water uptake of atmospheric particles such as relative humid-15 Union Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Mass transfer effects in hygroscopic measurements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

480

Rationale for cost-effective laboratory medicine.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hospital, work load has increased...to contain costs in the DRG...limit future capital funds for...mechanism to control total health...Although computers can track...performed more cost effectively...investment in capital equipment...in a more cost-efficient...sufficient work load and multiple...of quality control, auto...hospital via computer, telephone...

A Robinson

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lifestage sex effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Manifestations of topological effects in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene is a monoatomic layer of graphite with Carbon atoms arranged in a two dimensional honeycomb lattice configuration. It has been known for more than sixty years that the electronic structure of graphene can be modelled by two-dimensional massless relativistic fermions. This property gives rise to numerous applications, both in applied sciences and in theoretical physics. Electronic circuits made out of graphene could take advantage of its high electron mobility that is witnessed even at room temperature. In the theoretical domain the Dirac-like behavior of graphene can simulate high energy effects, such as the relativistic Klein paradox. Even more surprisingly, topological effects can be encoded in graphene such as the generation of vortices, charge fractionalization and the emergence of anyons. The impact of the topological effects on graphene's electronic properties can be elegantly described by the Atiyah-Singer index theorem. Here we present a pedagogical encounter of this theorem and review its various applications to graphene. A direct consequence of the index theorem is charge fractionalization that is usually known from the fractional quantum Hall effect. The charge fractionalization gives rise to the exciting possibility of realizing graphene based anyons that unlike bosons or fermions exhibit fractional statistics. Besides being of theoretical interest, anyons are a strong candidate for performing error free quantum information processing.

Jiannis K. Pachos

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

482

Communications Counterion Effects in Liquid Crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nanostructured CdS templated directly with ion-doped liquid crystals.13,14 In both cases the mesoporous solidCommunications Counterion Effects in Liquid Crystal Templating of Nanostructured CdS V. Tohver, P system, nanostructured particles consisting of alternat- ing sheets of CdS and oligomeric vinyl alcohol

Braun, Paul

483

Effective models for excitons in carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the low lying spectrum of a model of excitons in carbon nanotubes. Consider two particles with an attractive Coulomb self-interaction, placed on an infinitely long cylinder. If the cylinder radius becomes small, the low lying spectrum is well described by a one-dimensional effective Hamiltonian which is exactly solvable.

Horia D. Cornean; Pierre Duclos; Benjamin Ricaud

2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Quantum Hall Effect in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the quantum Hall effect in graphene. We argue that in graphene in presence of an external magnetic field there is dynamical generation of mass by a rearrangement of the Dirac sea. We show that the mechanism breaks the lattice valley degeneracy only for the $n=0$ Landau levels and leads to the new observed $\

Paolo Cea

2011-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

485

Effective Poster Design for Academic Conferences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Poster Design for Academic Conferences Mary Lee Eggart Cartographic Section -- 430 Howe Poster · communicates your research at a conference. · is a visual presentation of information. ­ It should not simply reproduce your written paper at poster size. · should be understandable to the viewer

Harms, Kyle E.

486

Modeling Multi Output Filtering Effects in PCMOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Multi Output Filtering Effects in PCMOS Anshul Singh*, Arindam Basu, Keck-Voon Ling, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore *NTU-Rice Institute of Sustainable and Applied Infodynamics (ISAID), NTU, Singapore $School of Computer Engineering, NTU, Singapore §School of ECE, Georgia

Mooney, Vincent

487

General Relativistic Effects in Atom Interferometry  

SciTech Connect

Atom interferometry is now reaching sufficient precision to motivate laboratory tests of general relativity. We begin by explaining the non-relativistic calculation of the phase shift in an atom interferometer and deriving its range of validity. From this we develop a method for calculating the phase shift in general relativity. This formalism is then used to find the relativistic effects in an atom interferometer in a weak gravitational field for application to laboratory tests of general relativity. The potentially testable relativistic effects include the non-linear three-graviton coupling, the gravity of kinetic energy, and the falling of light. We propose experiments, one currently under construction, that could provide a test of the principle of equivalence to 1 part in 10{sup 15} (300 times better than the present limit), and general relativity at the 10% level, with many potential future improvements. We also consider applications to other metrics including the Lense-Thirring effect, the expansion of the universe, and preferred frame and location effects.

Dimopoulos, Savas; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Graham, Peter W.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Hogan, Jason M.; Kasevich, Mark A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

488

Effects of ultrasound on unicellular algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of ultrasonic irradiation (up to 3W/cm2 and 1 MHz of frequency) on unicellular algae is experimentally studied. It is unambiguously shown that the damage of the cells and their breakage is to be related to cavitation. The dynamics of the breakage is examined from the point of view of practical application.

R. Giordano; U. Leuzzi

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Polymer combustion: effects of flame emissivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gas phase. Polymer combustion chemistry is modelled...investigating polymer combustion it has proven advantageous...properties and treat the heat flux from the ignition...luminous flames from hydrocarbon fuels, it is common...A (1999) Polymer combustion: effects of flame emissivity...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Regional GHG Mitigation Response and Leakage Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional GHG Mitigation Response and Leakage Effects: Scenario Analysis of U.S. Forestry of Analysis · Assess net GHG mitigation potential in forestry & ag · Use FASOM-GHG model · Mitigation results) ­ vary GHG targets ­ vary payment approach · Show regional mitigation potential across U

McCarl, Bruce A.

491

Soft Theorems from Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The singular limits of massless gauge theory amplitudes are described by an effective theory, called soft-collinear effective theory (SCET), which has been applied most successfully to make all-orders predictions for observables in collider physics and weak decays. At tree-level, the emission of a soft gauge boson at subleading order in its energy is given by the Low-Burnett-Kroll theorem, with the angular momentum operator acting on a lower-point amplitude. For well separated particles at tree-level, we prove the Low-Burnett-Kroll theorem using matrix elements of subleading SCET Lagrangian and operator insertions which are individually gauge invariant. These contributions are uniquely determined by gauge invariance and the reparametrization invariance (RPI) symmetry of SCET. RPI in SCET is connected to the infinite-dimensional asymptotic symmetries of the S-matrix. The Low-Burnett-Kroll theorem is generically spoiled by on-shell corrections, including collinear loops and collinear emissions. We demonstrate this explicitly both at tree-level and at one-loop. The effective theory correctly describes these configurations, and we generalize the Low-Burnett-Kroll theorem into a new one-loop subleading soft theorem for amplitudes. Our analysis is presented in a manner that illustrates the wider utility of using effective theory techniques to understand the perturbative S-matrix.

Andrew J. Larkoski; Duff Neill; Iain W. Stewart

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

492

Gross Theory of ?-Decay and Shell Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nuclear final state measured fr:orn the parent. Although actual decays pro- Gross Theory of f3-Decay and Shell Effects 137 ceed only to the region of negative values of E, we extend our consideration to the positive region. Now, we can regard the whole......

Takayoshi Kondoh; Masami Yamada

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

RESEARCH REPORTS Paradoxical Effects of Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH REPORTS Paradoxical Effects of Testing: Retrieval Enhances Both Accurate Recall, participants who had taken an initial test about a witnessed event were more likely than nontested participants (RES). Here, we sought to test the generality of RES and to further elucidate its underlying mechanisms

Chan, Jason C.K.

494

Phase Errors and the Capture Effect  

SciTech Connect

This slide-show presents analysis of spectrograms and the phase error of filtered noise in a signal. When the filtered noise is smaller than the signal amplitude, the phase error can never exceed 90{deg}, so the average phase error over many cycles is zero: this is called the capture effect because the largest signal captures the phase and frequency determination.

Blair, J., and Machorro, E.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An all-ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorous co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials.

Zolper, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Shul, Randy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comparison of Two Interpretations of Josephson Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper puts forward an interpretation of the Josephson effect based on the Alternative Theory of Superconductivity (ATS). A comparison of ATS- and BCS-based interpretations is provided. It is demonstrated that the ATS-based interpretation, unlike that based on BCS theory, does not require a revision of fundamentals of quantum physics.

I. M. Yurin

2008-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

497

Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same are disclosed. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorus co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials. 19 figs.

Zolper, J.C.; Shul, R.J.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

498

Original article Effects of glucagon on diuresis,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Summary -The effects of intravenous infusion of glucagon (100 ng-kg-1 -min-') on diuresis, renal plasma initiation of glucagon infusion, down to 50% of its baseline value at the end of glucagon infusion at the beginning of glucagon infusion, but remained restricted. It was not possible, from these results, to explain

Boyer, Edmond

499

Spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the first spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler shift associated with light beams carrying orbital angular momentum. The effect is evidenced as the broadening of a Hanle/EIT coherence resonance on Rb vapor when the two incident Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams have opposite topological charges. The observations closely agree with theoretical predictions.

S. Barreiro; J. W. R. Tabosa; H. Failache; A. Lezama

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

500

Spectroscopic Observation of the Rotational Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the first spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler shift associated with light beams carrying orbital angular momentum. The effect is evidenced as the broadening of a Hanle electromagnetically induced transparency coherence resonance on Rb vapor when the two incident Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams have opposite topological charges. The observations closely agree with theoretical predictions.

S. Barreiro; J. W. R. Tabosa; H. Failache; A. Lezama

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z