National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for life maximum life

  1. BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 35 - BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Maximum Benefits The amount of life and your family is important, especially in the event of a death or accident. Therefore, the CHEIBA Trust

  2. Life sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, L. (ed.)

    1991-04-01

    This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs. (MHB)

  3. Protecting Life on Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01

    Review: Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to thePeter B. Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to theof Protecting Life on Earth is “to explain to an intelligent

  4. Still Life Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Özdamar, Esen Gökçe

    2014-01-01

    Still-Life Architecture By Esen Gökçe Özdamar Edited by Lanaturned into “still-life architecture. ” Many of the homes3. Author photo. Still-Life Architecture Figure 4. Tepekent

  5. Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis Vasilis Fthenakis Center of Life Cycle Analysis Earth & Environmental Engineering Department Columbia University and National Photovoltaic (PV) EHS Research Center (air, water, solid) M, Q E PV array Photovoltaic modules Balance of System (BOS) (Inverters

  6. Housing and Residential Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    1 Housing and Residential Life Guidebook 2014-2015 LivingCampus #12;2 fau.edu/housing Welcome! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence halls and apartments are your home for the 2014-2015 school year. The Housing & Residential Life staff

  7. Life Cycle Cost Estimate

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Life-cycle costs (LCCs) are all the anticipated costs associated with a project or program alternative throughout its life. This includes costs from pre-operations through operations or to the end of the alternative.This chapter discusses life cycle costs and the role they play in planning.

  8. Origin of Life prebiotic before life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houde, Peter

    of rock that often preserves fossils stratigraphy ­ the study of sedimentary layers superposition chain #12;Seismic Activity #12;vectors and rates of plate movement #12;fossil record of life on earth

  9. Life Before Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei A. Sharov; Richard Gordon

    2013-03-28

    An extrapolation of the genetic complexity of organisms to earlier times suggests that life began before the Earth was formed. Life may have started from systems with single heritable elements that are functionally equivalent to a nucleotide. The genetic complexity, roughly measured by the number of non-redundant functional nucleotides, is expected to have grown exponentially due to several positive feedback factors: gene cooperation, duplication of genes with their subsequent specialization, and emergence of novel functional niches associated with existing genes. Linear regression of genetic complexity on a log scale extrapolated back to just one base pair suggests the time of the origin of life 9.7 billion years ago. This cosmic time scale for the evolution of life has important consequences: life took ca. 5 billion years to reach the complexity of bacteria; the environments in which life originated and evolved to the prokaryote stage may have been quite different from those envisaged on Earth; there was no intelligent life in our universe prior to the origin of Earth, thus Earth could not have been deliberately seeded with life by intelligent aliens; Earth was seeded by panspermia; experimental replication of the origin of life from scratch may have to emulate many cumulative rare events; and the Drake equation for guesstimating the number of civilizations in the universe is likely wrong, as intelligent life has just begun appearing in our universe. Evolution of advanced organisms has accelerated via development of additional information-processing systems: epigenetic memory, primitive mind, multicellular brain, language, books, computers, and Internet. As a result the doubling time of complexity has reached ca. 20 years. Finally, we discuss the issue of the predicted technological singularity and give a biosemiotics perspective on the increase of complexity.

  10. Every sign of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerasimov, Vadim, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Every Sign of Life introduces an approach to and motivational schema for personal health monitoring. It is an exploration of how to make information collected by personal health-monitoring devices fun and engaging, and ...

  11. Life Extension Programs

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    in the U.S. and abroad.

    B61-12 Life Extension Program Undergoes First Full-Scale Wind Tunnel Test http:www.nnsa.energy.govmediaroompressreleaseswindtunnel

  12. Fermilab at Work | Lab Life

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Life Abri Benefits Office Car and Vanpool Program Chez Leon Conference Office Cultural Events DASTOW Diversity Graduate Student Association (GSA) GSA's Guide to Life Housing...

  13. Life Cycle Inventory of a CMOS Chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David; Krishnan, Nikhil

    2006-01-01

    E. ; Zappa, S. ; “Life cycle assessment of an integratedare shown. Keywords- Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Life Cycleindustry, and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is emerging as a

  14. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Out of equilibrium structuring in space and time is contingent on continuous entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the natural tendency of Nature to explore all available microstates. The process producing the greatest amount of entropy in the biosphere is the absorption and transformation of sunlight, leading to the transpiration of water by plants and cyanobacteria. Here we hypothesize that life began, and exists today, as a dynamic catalyst for the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat, which could then be efficiently harvested by the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents. RNA and DNA are the most efficient of all known molecules for absorbing the ultraviolet light that could have penetrated the dense early atmosphere, and are extremely rapid in transforming this light into heat that can be readily absorbed by liquid water. The origin and evolution of life was thus driven...

  15. Life With Energy

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    Students will describe ways in which technology affects the environment, both negatively and positively, and identify different forms of energy and their advantages/disadvantages. They will also determine the benefits as well as the environmental harms of using energy to improve our quality of life.

  16. Agriculture and Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Responsibility 7 Virginia Tech Principles of Community 7 STUDENTS ARE ~ 8 University/College Policy and Procedures 9 Absences 9 Personal Illness: 9 Death/Illness in the Family 9 Attendance of a Professional of Agriculture and Life Sciences that advising is a collaborative effort between the student and faculty advisor

  17. Life forms: A keyword entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmreich, Stefan

    We deliver a "keyword" account of the term life form as it has been used in natural philosophy and biology over the last two hundred years, beginning with its appearance in German as Lebensform. We argue that life form ...

  18. Green Building- Efficient Life Cycle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohns, R.

    2008-01-01

    the components “Sustainable Building Design”, “Life Cycle Cost Analysis”, “Green Building Certification” and “Natural Resources Management”. These components are deliberately arranged around the life cycle of the real estate concerned. This allows a different...

  19. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01

    4 Life-cycle Assessment of CMOS Logic5 Life-cycle Assessment of Flash Memory6 Life-cycle Assessment of Dynamic Random Access Memory

  20. Geothermal Life Cycle Calculator

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sullivan, John

    2014-03-11

    This calculator is a handy tool for interested parties to estimate two key life cycle metrics, fossil energy consumption (Etot) and greenhouse gas emission (ghgtot) ratios, for geothermal electric power production. It is based solely on data developed by Argonne National Laboratory for DOE’s Geothermal Technologies office. The calculator permits the user to explore the impact of a range of key geothermal power production parameters, including plant capacity, lifetime, capacity factor, geothermal technology, well numbers and depths, field exploration, and others on the two metrics just mentioned. Estimates of variations in the results are also available to the user.

  1. Geothermal Life Cycle Calculator

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sullivan, John

    This calculator is a handy tool for interested parties to estimate two key life cycle metrics, fossil energy consumption (Etot) and greenhouse gas emission (ghgtot) ratios, for geothermal electric power production. It is based solely on data developed by Argonne National Laboratory for DOE’s Geothermal Technologies office. The calculator permits the user to explore the impact of a range of key geothermal power production parameters, including plant capacity, lifetime, capacity factor, geothermal technology, well numbers and depths, field exploration, and others on the two metrics just mentioned. Estimates of variations in the results are also available to the user.

  2. Coiled tubing working life prediction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, J.

    1995-12-31

    Failure of coiled tubing, due to the repeated bending and plastic deformation of coiled tubing on and off the reel and gooseneck, is of great concern in coiled tubing operations. This paper discusses the coiled tubing working life based on one of the coiled tubing life models published in the literature, and compares the results with other models. Certain agreements are found among these models. A group of curves is presented to illustrate the coiled tubing working life affected by coiled tubing size and wall thickness, internal pressure, yield strength, reel diameter, gooseneck radius, operation condition (corrosion) and butt-welded connection (stress concentration). The results show that coiled tubing life can be greatly increased by increasing CT wall thickness and CT strength, while the coiled tubing working life decreases under high internal pressure, corrosion, and butt-weld conditions. These curves can be easily used in estimating coiled tubing life for the field use.

  3. Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, William O.

    Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences Protein-based nanotechnology such as semiconductors into functional materials.11,12 Another example of protein based nanotechnology is the push in nanotechnology18,19 and on applications of kinesin motors in microscale transport.4 Finally, there is a paralle

  4. Life Choices Student Survey Items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    by Topical Area: Life Choices Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers for life-long learning Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2012, Historical Trends) Please indicate the extent to which each of the following describe you Searching

  5. --SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE --SOIL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    -- SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE -- SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA 677 South Segoe Road · Madison WI 53711 a PDF file only for $100. TOTAL: $ Invoice no. Shipping (to be added) $ * If you have a subscription;-- SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE -- SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA 677 South Segoe Road · Madison WI 53711 · (608

  6. CONSTRUCTING VIRTUAL HUMAN LIFE SIMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallmann, Marcelo

    , Virtual Environments, Behavioral Animation, Object Interaction, Python. 1. INTRODUCTION Virtual humanCONSTRUCTING VIRTUAL HUMAN LIFE SIMULATIONS Marcelo Kallmann, Etienne de Sevin and Daniel Thalmann human life simulations. Our main goal is to have virtual human actors living and working autonomously

  7. Life Cycle Asset Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1998-10-14

    (The following directives are deleted or consolidated into this Order and shall be phased out as noted in Paragraph 2: DOE 1332.1A; DOE 4010.1A; DOE 4300.1C; DOE 4320.1B; DOE 4320.2A; DOE 4330.4B; DOE 4330.5; DOE 4540.1C; DOE 4700.1). This Order supersedes specific project management provisions within DOE O 430.1A, LIFE CYCLE ASSET MANAGEMENT. The specific paragraphs canceled by this Order are 6e(7); 7a(3); 7b(11) and (14); 7c(4),(6),(7),(11), and (16); 7d(4) and (8); 7e(3),(10), and (17); Attachment 1, Definitions (item 30 - Line Item Project, item 42 - Project, item 48 - Strategic System); and Attachment 2, Contractor Requirements Document (paragraph 1d regarding a project management system). The remainder of DOE O 430.1A remains in effect. Cancels DOE O 430.1. Canceled by DOE O 413.3.

  8. Evolution of Life on Earth EVOLUTION OF LIFE ON EARTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Yancy

    from inorganic precursors on the primitive Earth. Energy input could have taken many forms. #12;Types of evidence of early life · MICROFOSSILS: preserved remains of microbial bodies · STROMATOLITES: preserved remains of microbial activities · ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATIONS: preserved remains of microbial metabolism

  9. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01

    Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Abatement Environmental impactLife-cycle Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . LCA of

  10. Artificial Life in Quantum Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Alvarez-Rodriguez; M. Sanz; L. Lamata; E. Solano

    2015-05-14

    We develop a quantum information protocol that models the biological behaviors of individuals living in a natural selection scenario. The artificially engineered evolution of the quantum living units shows the fundamental features of life in a common environment, such as self-replication, mutation, interaction of individuals, and death. We propose how to mimic these bio-inspired features in a quantum-mechanical formalism, which allows for an experimental implementation achievable with current quantum platforms. This result paves the way for the realization of artificial life and embodied evolution with quantum technologies.

  11. Powering the Future with LIFE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moses, E I; Diaz de la Rubia, T

    2009-04-28

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Leveraging the National Ignition Facility to meet the climate-energy challenge; (2) The journal into a new era of scientific discoveries; and (3) Safe and sustainable energy with LIFE (Laser Inertial Fusion Energy).

  12. VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 37 - VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE the needs of each individual or family. This insurance allows you to add protection, above the Basic Term

  13. LIFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sured 4 years previously, and so on, and this column constitutes an ultimate mortality ... 1,4,3 in the ultimate column. The complete ... gig: mm] = 1mm = 940,108.

  14. The Life Cycle Analysis Toolbox

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, L.; Tonn, B.E.; Williams, K.A.; Yerace, P.; Yuracko, K.L.

    1999-02-28

    The life cycle analysis toolbox is a valuable integration of decision-making tools and supporting materials developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to help Department of Energy managers improve environmental quality, reduce costs, and minimize risk. The toolbox provides decision-makers access to a wide variety of proven tools for pollution prevention (P2) and waste minimization (WMin), as well as ORNL expertise to select from this toolbox exactly the right tool to solve any given P2/WMin problem. The central element of the toolbox is a multiple criteria approach to life cycle analysis developed specifically to aid P2/WMin decision-making. ORNL has developed numerous tools that support this life cycle analysis approach. Tools are available to help model P2/WMin processes, estimate human health risks, estimate costs, and represent and manipulate uncertainties. Tools are available to help document P2/WMin decision-making and implement programs. Tools are also available to help track potential future environmental regulations that could impact P2/WMin programs and current regulations that must be followed. An Internet-site will provide broad access to the tools.

  15. Life Science & Technology Delft: Driven by curiosity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Life Science & Technology Delft: Driven by curiosity, inspired by application. Diploma Master & Technology addresses the understanding of enzymes, living cells and biotechnological processes. Based' airplane fuels. The MSc programme in Life Science & Technology seeks to train the scientists and engineers

  16. Art and Artificial Life – a Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Simon

    2009-01-01

    for further research. Simon Penny August-November 2009 [11]Life IV (MIT Press [16] Penny, Simon. Bridging TwoLife – a Primer Simon Penny University of California, Irvine

  17. The Traffic Circle of Life Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    gallons of wasted fuel ­ enough to fill 4 New Orleans Superdomes. Anna Nagurney The Traffic Circle of Life

  18. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL SOILS IN FLORIDA 1/11/2013 Technical Report Prepared by: Jose-Luis Izursa #12;LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL.............................................................................................. 10 3.3. Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology and Impact Categories

  19. Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    1 Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Erin and Environmental Engineering Arizona State University #12;Life Cycle Assessment · Described by International · Data analyzed and categorized · Find impacts on planet and humans #12;Life Cycle Assessment Extraction

  20. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN ORGANIC SOILS IN FLORIDA 1/15/2013 Technical Report Prepared by: Jose-Luis Izursa #12;LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN ORGANIC.............................................................................................. 10 3.3. Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology and Impact Categories

  1. VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT OPTIONS by Jane C. Powell David Pearce and Inger Brisson CSERGE Working Paper WM 95-07 #12;VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT-use, recycling and source reduction. The context of the study is life cycle assessment (LCA), which seeks

  2. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming Revised February 2001 February 2001 · NREL/TP-570-27637 Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam particulates benzene Airemissions,excludingCO2(g/kgofH2) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A life cycle assessment (LCA

  3. Life on Earth. II The Hadean Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    cools, rain replenished oceans Life appeared with 100 Myr of end of great bombardment Did life reform atmosphere, given energy (UV photons or lightning) Life probably began in water, not on land #12;Black (metabolized by thermophiles) #12;Origin in the Ocean ·Water protects against UV radiation ·Water is needed

  4. Sun Life Financial (Sun Life) Benefit Adjudication Effective December 1, 2008, Sun Life became the health and dental benefits carrier for active

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun Life Financial (Sun Life) Benefit Adjudication Effective December 1, 2008, Sun Life became to maintain the level of benefits coverage with Sun Life. Sun Life has identified a number of GWL practices not been processed by Sun Life The Pension & Benefits office was advised by GWL that they would process all

  5. Vehicle Manufacturing Futures in Transportation Life-cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2011-01-01

    2006)] SimaPro Life-Cycle Assessment Software by Productin Transportation Life-cycle Assessment Mikhail Chester andin Transportation Life-cycle Assessment Mikhail Chester

  6. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01

    schemes adopted in life-cycle assessment, such as archetypeshealth response in life-cycle assessment using ED10s andmanagement: Life-cycle assessment: Principles and framework.

  7. Technology development life cycle processes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, David Franklin

    2013-05-01

    This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

  8. U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) Life cycle inventory data are the primary inputs for conducting life...

  9. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER`s mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  10. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER's mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  11. Limited-life cartridge primers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, Daniel M.; Rosen, Robert S.

    2005-04-19

    A cartridge primer which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML's would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers.

  12. Limited-life cartridge primers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, D.M.; Rosen, R.S.

    1998-06-30

    A cartridge primer is described which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML`s would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers. 10 figs.

  13. Limited-life cartridge primers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Rosen, Robert S. (San Ramon, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A cartridge primer which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML's would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers.

  14. Prospective Life Cycle and Technology Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    understanding of AM process and markets Cradle-to-gate life cycle impacts 5 * Resource production dominates cradle-to-gate energy consumption * Significant materials efficiency...

  15. THE DIVISION OF STUDENT LIFE 2011 -2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    to Prominence: the Strategic Plan of the University of Delaware, Student Life will focus its efforts to enhance to develop formal living-learning communities that offer enhanced student engagement opportunities. Action Steps · Implement a diversity-focused staff development program for all Student Life senior staff

  16. Genome: Unlocking Life's Code for Teachers of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    GENOME CODE LIFE'S UNLOCKING Genome: Unlocking Life's Code Educator's Guide for Teachers of Grades Glossary 30 Other Resources 32 What the Exhibit Offers Genomics--the study of the entire genome. It is important that students understand what genomics is and what it teaches us about ourselves and the rest

  17. LifeMEETSscience Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    LifeMEETSscience Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics Science Meets Life. Minnesota with the guidance of internationally-renowned scientists in the Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics (BMBB that is a hallmark of the Twin Cities and Minnesota. The Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics Graduate

  18. The Origin of Life from Primordial Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Carl H; Wickramasinghe, N C

    2010-01-01

    The origin of life and the origin of the universe represent two of the most important problems of science. Both are resolved by hydro-gravitational dynamics (HGD) cosmology (Gibson 1996, Schild 1996, Gibson 2009ab), which predicts frozen primordial hydrogen-helium gas planets in clumps as the dark matter of galaxies. Merging Earth-mass planets formed stars, moons and comets to incubate and cosmically seed the first life. Cometary panspermia (Hoyle and Wickramasinghe 1981, 1982; Wickramasinghe et al. 2009) occurs naturally by HGD mechanisms. Comets and moons are fragments from mergers of stardust covered frozen gas planets in their step-wise growth to star mass. Supernovae from stellar over-accretion of planets produce stardust (C, N, O, P etc.) chemical fertilizer. Planets collect this infected radioactive dust gravitationally, to provide liquid water domains in contact with life nutrients seeded with life prototypes. The first mutating, evolving, life from HGD likely occurred promptly, following the plasma t...

  19. EFFECTIVE DOSIMETRIC HALF LIFE OF CESIUM 137 SOIL CONTAMINATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jannik, T; P Fledderman, P; Michael Paller, M

    2008-01-09

    In the early 1960s, an area of privately-owned swamp adjacent to the US Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS), known as Creek Plantation, was contaminated by site operations. Studies conducted in 1974 estimated that approximately 925 GBq of {sup 137}Cs was deposited in the swamp. Subsequently, a series of surveys--composed of 52 monitoring locations--was initiated to characterize and trend the contaminated environment. The annual, potential, maximum doses to a hypothetical hunter were estimated by conservatively using the maximum {sup 137}Cs concentrations measured in the soil. The purpose of this report is to calculate an 'effective dosimetric' half-life for {sup 137}Cs in soil (based on the maximum concentrations) and compare it to the effective environmental half-life (based on the geometric mean concentrations).

  20. Consequential life cycle assessment of policy vulnerability to price effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, D

    2014-01-01

    Recent developments in life cycle assessment. Journal ofHalog. 2011. Consequential life cycle assessment: A review.Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16(5): Edwards, R. , S.

  1. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01

    schemes adopted in life-cycle assessment, such as archetypeshealth response in life-cycle assessment using ED10s andglobal warming in life-cycle assessment based on damages to

  2. Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01

    information for life cycle assessment,” Journal of ChemicalInternational Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 11, no.to final publication. LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NAND FLASH

  3. Life cycle evolution and systematics of Campanulariid hydrozoans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindarajan, Annette Frese, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to study campanulariid life cycle evolution and systematics. The Campanulariidae is a hydrozoan family with many life cycle variations, and provide an excellent model system to study life cycle ...

  4. Consequential life cycle assessment of policy vulnerability to price effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, D

    2014-01-01

    Recent developments in life cycle assessment. Journal ofJournal of Life Cycle Assessment 15(1): Laborde, D. 2011.in consequential life-cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner

  5. GREET Life-Cycle Analysis of Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    J Han, MQ Wang. "Life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of production of bioethanol from sorghum in the United States." 2013. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 6:141. * Z...

  6. Research Data Practice in the Life Sciences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Stuart

    The broad aim of the RIN-funded Case Studies in Life Sciences project, undertaken by a team of social scientists and information specialists from the Institute for the Study of Science, Technology and Innovation (ISSTI) ...

  7. Life in a drop of water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagby, Sarah Catherine

    2009-01-01

    The last century of biology brought a revolution to our understanding of life at the molecular level; the last decade, a widening re-evaluation of the claim that understanding gained in vitro could reflect the true ...

  8. Life-Cycle Analysis of Geothermal Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The results and tools from this project will help GTP and stakeholders determine and communicate GT energy and GHG benefits and water impacts. The life-cycle analysis (LCA) approach is taken to address these effects.

  9. Work-life balance across the lifecourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Lynn; Morton, Sarah

    In Summer 2004, CRFR held an international conference to explore work-life balance across the lifecourse. This briefing outlines some of the main issues from the conference, explores what we might learn from international comparisons, and makes...

  10. Child Sexual Abuse: Fracturing Family Life 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Sarah

    Research has shown that childhood sexual abuse can have damaging long-term effects on family life and relationships. Some effects have been widely recognised such as feelings of betrayal and confusion when fathers abuse, ...

  11. SAS Honors Seminar 259: Extraterrestrial Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Andrew J.

    SAS Honors Seminar 259: Extraterrestrial Life 11/17/2008 #12; GBT remote observing and another "UFO incident" Mooney (2005) and McNally & Clancy (2005) ­ explanation for "alien abduction

  12. Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Sustainable Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help facility managers make sound decisions, FEMP provides guidance and resources on applying life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of energy and water efficiency investments.

  13. Impact of Relocation on Quality of Life 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantu Garza, Roberto Antonio

    2015-06-03

    The aim of this research was to explore the impact of a relocation project in the quality of life. The study was conducted in the state of Tabasco, Mexico and it considered a subjective and an objective approach. The study ...

  14. Half Life of {sup 127}Te

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, Wagner F.; Genezini, Frederico A.; Zamboni, Cibele B.; Zahn, Guilherme S. [Centro do Reator de Pesquisas (CRPq)-Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP). Av. Linneu Prestes, 2242-Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP, 05507-000 (Brazil)

    2009-06-03

    In this work, the half life of the beta-unstable nucleus {sup 127}Te was studied using neutron-irradiated samples of {sup 126}Te. The gamma activity of each of the irradiated samples was followed for 3-5 consecutive half lives. The results were analysed in two different ways, and the resulting half-life was 9.295(5)h, which is compatible with the tabulated value of 9.35(7)h, with much lower uncertainty.

  15. The Bio-Chemistry of Life The Commonality of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    carbon chemistry in aqueous solutions. ·All life uses the same 20 amino acids ·All life uses DNA (or RNAThe Bio-Chemistry of Life #12;The Commonality of the Chemistry of Life ·All life on Earth utilizes://www.biology.arizona.edu/biochemistry #12;Amino Acids of Life Glycine: NH2CH2COOH the simplest - 10 atoms Arginine: HN=C(NH2)-NH-(CH2)3-CH

  16. Constraints in the coupling Star-Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Sertorio; G. Tinetti

    2001-10-01

    If life is sustained by a process of photosynthesis, not necessarily the same existing on Earth, the surface temperature of the star and the orbit of the host planet cannot be whatsoever. In fact the global life cycle, no matter how complicated, must contain in general an upper photochemical branch and a lower dark branch, characterized by a higher and a lower temperature. These two temperatures are star-orbit related. The velocity along the cycle or, in other words, the power of the life machine, depends in general on several other parameters. First of all the Gibbs photon availability, which is a star-orbit parameter and is the input for the upper branch. Then follows the energy cascade that develops along the organic web with a large number of interactions and typical times that must match the typical times generated by the combination of spin value and orientation, eccentricity and precession. Finally, the capacity of the web to keep the global life cycle running along the life span of the star, comes from some inner form of self-endurance and self-balance. The property of not being transient could be the right way of introducing the concept of intelligent life.

  17. LIFE Target Fabrication Research Plan Sept 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miles, R; Biener, J; Kucheyev, S; Montesanti, R; Satcher, J; Spadaccini, C; Rose, K; Wang, M; Hamza, A; Alexander, N; Brown, L; Hund, J; Petzoldt, R; Sweet, W; Goodin, D

    2008-11-10

    The target-system for the baseline LIFE fast-ignition target was analyzed to establish a preliminary estimate for the costs and complexities involved in demonstrating the technologies needed to build a prototype LIFE plant. The baseline fast-ignition target upon which this analysis was developed is shown in Figure 1.0-1 below. The LIFE target-system incorporates requirements for low-cost, high throughput manufacture, high-speed, high accuracy injection of the target into the chamber, production of sufficient energy from implosion and recovery and recycle of the imploded target material residue. None of these functions has been demonstrated to date. Existing target fabrication techniques which lead to current 'hot spot' target costs of {approx}$100,000 per target and at a production rate of 2/day are unacceptable for the LIFE program. Fabrication techniques normally used for low-cost, low accuracy consumer products such as toys must be adapted to the high-accuracy LIFE target. This will be challenge. A research program resulting is the demonstration of the target-cycle technologies needed for a prototype LIFE reactor is expected to cost {approx}$51M over the course of 5 years. The effort will result in targets which will cost an estimated $0.23/target at a rep-rate of 20 Hz or about 1.73M targets/day.

  18. Technical Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program Focus Technical Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program Focus Polymer Composites Research in the LM Materials Program Overview...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric USPS Long Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USPS Long Life Vehicle Conversions Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric USPS Long Life Vehicle Conversions The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

  20. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming A life cycle assessment of hydrogen production via...

  1. How the Weatherization Assistance Program Changed Jasmine's Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    How the Weatherization Assistance Program Changed Jasmine's Life How the Weatherization Assistance Program Changed Jasmine's Life February 19, 2015 - 4:45pm Addthis The Rocky...

  2. NREL: Energy Analysis - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Results...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Results and Findings Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation (Factsheet) Cover of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity...

  3. Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Sustainable Buildings | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Sustainable Buildings Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Sustainable Buildings To help facility managers make sound...

  4. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life Cycle Cost...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Life Cycle Cost Analysis, 2013 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life Cycle Cost Analysis, 2013 Handbook describes the annual supplements to the NIST Handbook 135 and...

  5. Life Cycle Cost Discount Rates and Energy Price Projections ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Life Cycle Cost Discount Rates and Energy Price Projections Life Cycle Cost Discount Rates and Energy Price Projections Text file containing energy price projections underlying the...

  6. Closing the Lithium-ion Battery Life Cycle: Poster handout |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Closing the Lithium-ion Battery Life Cycle: Poster handout Title Closing the Lithium-ion Battery Life Cycle: Poster handout Publication Type Miscellaneous Year of Publication 2014...

  7. Producer-Focused Life Cycle Assessment of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Teresa Weirui

    2011-01-01

    2 Life Cycle AssessmentLife Cycle Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Four phases of life cycle assessment as described by ISO

  8. Impact of the 3Cs of Batteries on PHEV Value Proposition: Cost, Calendar Life, and Cycle Life (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.; Smith, K.; Markel, T.

    2009-06-01

    Battery cost, calendar life, and cycle life are three important challenges for those commercializing plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; battery life is sensitive to temperature and solar loading.

  9. EOLSS ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    EOLSS ­ ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES Thomas M. Iliffe, Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University at Galveston, USA Renée E. Bishop, Department of caves will result in their extinction. 1. Introduction 1.1 Definition of anchialine and marine caves

  10. Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): independent traits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schall, Joseph J.

    Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): independent traits and basis infections in the life-history traits which de¢ne its blood-dwelling stages. Such variation in life histories¡ects producing the variation.We studied 11 life-history traits in 120 induced infections of P. mexicanum in its

  11. Artificial Life, The Second Law of Thermodynamics, and Kolmogorov Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, John

    is a process and not a substance (e.g. being carbon-based does not capture what life is), and this therefore of thermodynamics. Thus we can use this as an algorithmic definition of the process of life. Keywords- Tierra; life that superficially link all life forms witnessed on earth, for example, they contain RNA, protein and carbon

  12. -Successful Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in to Civil Engineering Course -CIVL 498C Life Cycle Analysis of UBC Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Successful Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in to Civil Engineering Course - CIVL 498C Life to teaching the science-based environmental impact assessment method of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA). Through, through being capable of; · Completing a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study in accordance with ISO 14040

  13. Will Preparation Service You now have the opportunity to enroll in the MetLife Supplemental Life1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Supplemental Life1 insurance that can financially help protect your loved ones should something happen to you. And when you enroll in Supplemental Life insurance, you have access to another service to protect the ones for Supplemental Life coverage, you will have access to Hyatt Legal Plans' network of more than 12

  14. Life may be water-based but the components of life science research are not always water-soluble.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Life may be water-based but the components of life science research are not always water a free IUBMB-Sigma-Nicholson Metabolic Pathway Chart: sigma.com/biofiles Online Product Catalog The Life Science Online Product Catalog contains the largest selection of life science products available. Voted

  15. Bioenergetics: budgeting the fires of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limburg, Karin E.

    1 Bioenergetics: budgeting the fires of life K. Limburg lecture notes Fisheries Science Reading: Adams, S.M., and J.E. Breck. 1990. Bioenergetics. In C.B. Schreck and P.B. Moyle, editors. Methods is bioenergetics? The study of the processing of energy by living systems, at any level of biological organization

  16. Life Cycle Cost Housing Need and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Cost Housing Need and Sustainability Abstract: Jordan is actually facing a rapid urban became difficult to sustain especially concerning the slum areas and the environmental pollution due which could contribute to increase the productivity and sustainability taking into consideration

  17. Life and work of James Alexander Haldane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, D. E.

    1955-01-01

    at the very outset by a lack of research in this field. The following thesis is a study of the life and work of the one man who, above all others, led the way in establishing evangelism as a legitimate and necessary means of propagating the Gospel in Scotland...

  18. Research Life Cycle Max J. Egenhofer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egenhofer, Max J.

    Research Life Cycle Max J. Egenhofer #12;Five Phases Research Orientation Phase Research Startup Phase Research Proposal Preparation Phase Active Research Phase Harvest #12;Research Orientation Phase Identify the field in which you want to do research Do some selected reading · Identify key concepts

  19. GREEN ENGINEERING PROGRAM Green Engineering & Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    GREEN ENGINEERING PROGRAM Green Engineering & Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) at Virginia Tech Oak Ridge National Lab April 10, 2014 Dr. Sean McGinnis Director ­ VT Green Engineering Program Research Associate Professor ­ Materials Science & Engineering #12;GREEN ENGINEERING PROGRAM Virginia Tech College

  20. Battery Technology Life Verification Testing and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen; Gary L. Hunt; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

    2007-12-01

    A critical component to the successful commercialization of batteries for automotive applications is accurate life prediction. The Technology Life Verification Test (TLVT) Manual was developed to project battery life with a high level of statistical confidence within only one or two years of accelerated aging. The validation effort that is presently underway has led to several improvements to the original methodology. For example, a newly developed reference performance test revealed a voltage path dependence effect on resistance for lithium-ion cells. The resistance growth seems to depend on how a target condition is reached (i.e., by a charge or a discharge). Second, the methodology for assessing the level of measurement uncertainty was improved using a propagation of errors in the fundamental measurements to the derived response (e.g., resistance). This new approach provides a more realistic assessment of measurement uncertainty. Third, the methodology for allocating batteries to the test matrix has been improved. The new methodology was developed to assign batteries to the matrix such that the average of each test group would be representative of the overall population. These changes to the TLVT methodology will help to more accurately predict a battery technology’s life capability with a high degree of confidence.

  1. LIFE IN THE SOIL SOIL BIODIVERSITY: ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, Diana

    LIFE IN THE SOIL SOIL BIODIVERSITY: ITS IMPORTANCE TO ECOSYSTEM PROCESSES Report of a Workshop Held vision Literature cited Workshop participants EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Soils are one of the most poorly the soil physico- chemical environment and the soil's species through activities such as: inputs

  2. Department of Psychology Life Sciences Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psychology Department of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu humansciences.iit.edu/psychology Chair: Ronald S. Landis Associate Chair: Scott B. Morris Director, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Director, Industrial

  3. The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12;1SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental and Knowledge for a Sustainable Future #12;3SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental monitoring, education and environmental monitoring and assessment The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a Sustainable

  4. Water for Life September 25, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water for Life September 25, 2006 Mark Walker, Director of Public Affairs Northwest Power Water Purveyors (KCWP) would like to encourage the NPCC and BPA to continue funding the Yakima Tributary funding sources (SRFB, FRIMA, Water Infrastructure, NFWF, etc). The program budget is approximately fifty

  5. Department of Physics Life Sciences Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.science.iit.edu/physics Chair: Grant Bunker The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics. Within the department, there are many opportunities for interdisciplinary education

  6. RESIDENCE LIFE & HOUSING CONTRACT CANCELLATION POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    RESIDENCE LIFE & HOUSING CONTRACT CANCELLATION POLICY The housing contract can be cancelled at any if they are canceling the housing contract for one of these six reasons along with proper documentation. The $30 May 1st , the $200 housing prepayment deposit will be forfeited and not returned to the student

  7. SAS Honors Seminar 259: Extraterrestrial Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Andrew J.

    star undergoes core collapse when it is unable to derive any more energy from nuclear fusion SAS Honors Seminar 259: Extraterrestrial Life 9/22/2008 #12; Star formation in Eagle Nebula #12; Star formation in Orion #12; "Proplyds" in Orion #12; Two kinds of supernovae Type I

  8. Extending the Upper Temperature Limit for Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    ) un- der N2-CO2 (80:20) in sealed culture tubes that con- tained formate (10 mM) as the electron donor that permit strain 121 to grow at such high temperatures are unknown. It is gen- erally assumed that the upperExtending the Upper Temperature Limit for Life Kazem Kashefi and Derek R. Lovley* The upper

  9. LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to National Research Council's review is necessary (but not sufficient) for economic viability Minimumforeconomics Cost and risk to buy additional systems approach is required to develop an economically viable plant design Anklam--NAS/NAE, January 29

  10. Health and Safety Policy Category: Campus Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Health and Safety Policy Category: Campus Life 1. PURPOSE To provide a healthy and safe workplace to providing and maintaining high standards of health and safety in the workplace. It is our belief that all injuries are preventable. 2.2. Health and safety is the responsibility of everyone and that all workers

  11. Improving Life through Science and Technology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Activity, and Community Shifts Scott A. Senseman Department of Soil and Crop Sciences Texas A&M University Hollister, Scott A. Senseman, Terry J. Gentry Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M UniversityImproving Life through Science and Technology. Glyphosate: Herbicide Interactions, Microbial

  12. Revival of life in ancient George Papagiannakis(*)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordier, Frederic

    simulations of virtual flora and fauna (humans, animals and plants) in real-time. Although initially targeted of virtual animated characters with artificial life dramaturgical behaviours, in an immersive AR environment.papagiannakis | tom.molet | nadia.thalmann | sumedha.kshirsagar | frederic.cordier ]@miralab.unige.ch (**) Virtual

  13. An ideal sealed source life-cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tompkins, Joseph Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In the last 40 years, barriers to compliant and timely disposition of radioactive sealed sources have become apparent. The story starts with the explosive growth of nuclear gauging technologies in the 1960s. Dozens of companies in the US manufactured sources and many more created nuclear solutions to industrial gauging problems. Today they do not yet know how many Cat 1, 2, or 3 sources there are in the US. There are, at minimum, tens of thousands of sources, perhaps hundreds of thousands of sources. Affordable transportation solutions to consolidate all of these sources and disposition pathways for these sources do not exist. The root problem seems to be a lack of necessary regulatory framework that has allowed all of these problems to accumulate with no national plan for solving the problem. In the 1960s, Pu-238 displaced Pu-239 for most neutron and alpha source applications. In the 1970s, the availability of inexpensive Am-241 resulted in a proliferation of low energy gamma sources used in nuclear gauging, well logging, pacemakers, and X-ray fluorescence applications for example. In the 1980s, rapid expansion of worldwide petroleum exploration resulted in the expansion of Am-241 sources into international locations. Improvements of technology and regulation resulted in a change in isotopic distribution as Am-241 made Pu-239 and Pu-238 obsolete. Many early nuclear gauge technologies have been made obsolete as they were replaced by non-nuclear technoogies. With uncertainties in source end of life disposition and increased requirements for sealed source security, nuclear gauging technology is the last choice for modern process engineering gauging solutions. Over the same period, much was learned about licensing LLW disposition facilities as evident by the closure of early disposition facilities like Maxey Flats. The current difficulties in sealed source disposition start with adoption of the NLLW policy act of 1985, which created the state LLW compact system they we have today. This regulation created a new regulatory framework seen as promising at the time. However, now they recognize that, despite the good intentions, the NIJWP/85 has not solved any source disposition problems. The answer to these sealed source disposition problems is to adopt a philosophy to correct these regulatory issues, determine an interim solution, execute that solution until there is a minimal backlog of sources to deal with, and then let the mechanisms they have created solve this problem into the foreseeable future. The primary philosophical tenet of the ideal sealed source life cycle follows. You do not allow the creation (or importation) of any source whose use cannot be justified, which cannot be affordably shipped, or that does not have a well-delinated and affordable disposition pathway. The path forward dictates that we fix the problem by embracing the Ideal Source Life cycle. In figure 1, we can see some of the elements of the ideal source life cycle. The life cycle is broken down into four portions, manufacture, use, consolidation, and disposition. These four arbitrary elements allow them to focus on the ideal life cycle phases that every source should go through between manufacture and final disposition. As we examine the various phases of the sealed source life cycle, they pick specific examples and explore the adoption of the ideal life cycle model.

  14. Life Redefined: Microbes Built with Arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, Sam

    2011-03-22

    Life can survive in many harsh environments, from extreme heat to the presence of deadly chemicals. However, life as we know it has always been based on the same six elements -- carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur and phosphorus. Now it appears that even this rule has an exception. In the saline and poisonous environment of Mono Lake, researchers have found a bacterium that can grow by incorporating arsenic into its structure in place of phosphorus. X-ray images taken at SLAC's synchrotron light source reveal that this microbe may even use arsenic as a building block for DNA. Please join us as we describe this discovery, which rewrites the textbook description of how living cells work.

  15. Dark Energy and Life's Ultimate Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruediger Vaas

    2007-03-19

    The discovery of the present accelerated expansion of space changed everything regarding cosmology and life's ultimate prospects. Both the optimistic scenarios of an ever (but decelerated) expanding universe and of a collapsing universe seem to be no longer available. The final future looks deadly dark. However, the fate of the universe and intelligence depends crucially on the nature of the still mysterious dark energy which drives the accelerated expansion. Depending on its - perhaps time-dependent - equation of state, there is a confusing number of different models now, popularly called Big Rip, Big Whimper, Big Decay, Big Crunch, Big Brunch, Big Splat, etc. This paper briefly reviews possibilities and problems. It also argues that even if our universe is finally doomed, perhaps that doesn't matter ultimately because there might be some kind of eternal recurrence. - Key words: Cosmology, Universe, Dark Energy, Cosmological Constant, Quintessence, Phantom Energy, Inflation, Quantum Gravity, Far Future, Life, Intelligence

  16. Sturge Moore and the life of art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynn, Frederick L.

    1951-01-01

    ., for The Poems of T. Sturge Moore; T. Sturge Moore, Selected Poems. The Macmillan Co. for W. B. Yeats, The Winding Stair (1933). Me- thuen and Co., Ltd., for T. Sturge Moore, Art and Life. John Murray for T. Sturge Moore, "William Blake," Quarterly Review; Wor... Tara's halls. "Sturge Moore" soon became the surname; it was even hyphenated on his daughter's registration of birth. 2 INTRODUCTION designer. In an age when Yeats dominated mythopoesy, Sturge Moore rivaled him by inventing a tensile myth...

  17. Family Quality of Life: A Qualitative Inquiry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poston, Denise J.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Park, Jiyeon; Mannan, Hasheem; Marquis, Janet; Wang, Mian

    2003-01-01

    with disabilities: Emotional Well-Being, Interpersonal Relations, Material Well- Being, Personal Development, Physical Well-Being, Self-Determination, Social Inclusion, and Rights. Although individual quality of life research has produced sufficient momentum... support from disability-related services into the particular domain to which the support was related (e.g., we coded support from physicians within the Health domain). Our study pointed to the importance of Physical Environment (subdomains of Home...

  18. Sea for Life | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheuco InternationalScottScripps Channel 1for Life Jump to:

  19. New value packing technology extends service life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, M.; Jackson, R. (Fisher Controls International, Inc., Marshalltown, IA (United States))

    1993-10-01

    New packing techniques can extend packing life and retain low stem leakage. The HPI can use these designs to avoid mandatory monitoring and repair schedules for valves that exceed the 500-ppm emission threshold. New EPA leakage limits will enforce monitoring and maintenance programs if more than 2% of the facility's valves exceed this limit. Because valves are dynamic, their control actions are prone to leakage. Also, the best fire-resistant packing material, graphite, has inherent deficiencies such as high compression stress and a high-friction coefficient that shortens its service life. Four basic principles overcome graphite packing's shortcomings for control valve applications. Examples show how these criteria improve sliding stem and rotary valve performance. Incorporating these principles into valve-packing designs can ensure long, low-maintenance service life, and the added benefit of low leakage. Graphite is a very important packing material for the HPI. Unlike fluoropolymer (e.g., PTFE) packing, graphite can tolerate high process temperature without decomposing or losing its sealing properties. More importantly, graphite packing is fire safe. It can survive a fire without a catastrophic failure that could add more flammable materials.

  20. AcidopHiles : a not- so-basic life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McPherson, Stephanie M. (Stephanie Mae)

    2011-01-01

    There are conditions on the Earth that are completely inhospitable to humans. Macroscopic life forms in these conditions are extremely rare. Microscopic life forms, however, thrive. They are called extremophiles. One subset ...

  1. Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01

    information for nand ?ash lca,” Consortium on Green DesignLife Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA), US 1997 Industry BenchmarkLife Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA), US 1997 Industry Benchmark

  2. Art, Cinema, and Life Outside the Imperial Ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoetger, Megan

    2015-01-01

    Megan Hoetger Art, Cinema, and Life Outside the Imperialout of the highly Art, Cinema, and life Outside the Imperialof structural film and expanded cinema, 3 but also out of a

  3. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Perspective on Exporting Liquefied...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to inform its decisions regarding the life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of U.S. LNG exports for use in electric power generation. The LCA GHG Report compares life cycle...

  4. Radiation Resistance of Biological Reagents for In Situ Life Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Christopher E.

    Life on Mars, if it exists, may share a common ancestry with life on Earth derived from meteoritic transfer of microbes between the planets. One means to test this hypothesis is to isolate, detect, and sequence nucleic ...

  5. Demo: Automatically generating interesting events with LifeJoin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Alvin K.

    This demo will showcase LifeJoin, a system that collects raw sensor data from phones and laptop computers to generate interesting events. Given the raw sensor data, LifeJoin implements a number of activity recognition ...

  6. Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison to Other Power Systems Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison to Other Power Systems A...

  7. U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.

    2009-08-01

    Life cycle inventory data are the primary inputs for conducting life cycle assessment studies. Studies based on high-quality data that are consistent, accurate, and relevant allow for robust, defensible, and meaningful results.

  8. U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-08-01

    Life cycle inventory data are the primary inputs for conducting life cycle assessment studies. Studies based on high-quality data that are consistent, accurate, and relevant allow for robust, defensible, and meaningful results.

  9. Bioproduct Life Cycle Analysis with the GREET Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2B—Integration of Supply Chains II: Bioproducts—Enabling Biofuels and Growing the Bioeconomy Bioproduct Life Cycle Analysis with the GREET Model Jennifer B. Dunn, Biofuel Life Cycle Analysis Team Lead, Argonne National Laboratory

  10. Campus Life http://registrar.ucsc.edu/catalog/campus-life/index.html[8/13/2014 4:16:22 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Campus Life http://registrar.ucsc.edu/catalog/campus-life/index.html[8/13/2014 4:16:22 PM] ABOUT Life QUICK START GUIDE Search Registrar... #12;Student Life http://registrar.ucsc.edu/catalog/campus-life/student-life.html

  11. Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. lifecycleanalysisofgeothermalsystemsdraft.pdf More Documents & Publications Life-Cycle Analysis Results of...

  12. Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. lifecycleanalysisofgeothermalsystems.pdf More Documents & Publications Life-Cycle Analysis Results of...

  13. 90 Seconds of Discovery: Biofuel Catalyst Life and Plugs

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Zacher, Alan; Olarte, Mariefel

    2014-06-12

    Scientist at PNNL are working to extend the life of the catalysts used in the production of biomass fuels.

  14. Semantic Ranking and Result Visualization for Life Sciences Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Kenneth A.

    . PubMed (www.pubmed.gov) is the most significant bibli- ographic source in the domain of life sciences

  15. 90 Seconds of Discovery: Biofuel Catalyst Life and Plugs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zacher, Alan; Olarte, Mariefel

    2014-06-11

    Scientist at PNNL are working to extend the life of the catalysts used in the production of biomass fuels.

  16. Life-History Evolution --General Info Spring 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, Fredric

    Life-History Evolution -- General Info Spring 1997 333 Science II Instructors: Dr. Fredric J@iastate.edu Office Hours: by appt.!! Texts: Roff, D. A. 1992. The evolution of life histories: theory and analysis. Chapman and Hall, NY. Stearns, S. C. 1992. The evolution of life histories. Oxford University Press, NY

  17. Life History Theory Anthro Bio 668/Psych 630

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life History Theory Anthro Bio 668/Psych 630 Instructor: Dr. Jacinta Beehner Office: 3026 East Hall: Wed 2:00-4:00 pm Website: https://ctools.umich.edu/portal COURSE DESCRIPTION Life history theory tries intrinsic to the organism. In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at the literature on life history

  18. Want to tell your LIFE STORY and EARN COLLEGE CREDITS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    Then the CWE Autobiography & Life Experience Program may be for you! Through the Autobiography & Life Experience (ABLE) program, you can earn up to EIGHT tuition-free credits for writing your autobiography on to the next step. If you would like to register for either the Life Experience Workshop or the Autobiography

  19. Discovering Life Cycle Assessment Trees from Impact Factor Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    Discovering Life Cycle Assessment Trees from Impact Factor Databases Naren Sundaravaradan and degradation of the envi- ronment. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodol- ogy for quantifying multiple to quantifying broad envi- ronmental impacts is the method of life cycle assessment (LCA) (Baumann and Tillman

  20. Predictive usage mining for life cycle assessment Jungmok Ma a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Harrison

    Predictive usage mining for life cycle assessment Jungmok Ma a , Harrison M. Kim b, a Department e i n f o Article history: Keywords: Life cycle assessment Usage modeling Time series segmentation Time series analysis a b s t r a c t The usage modeling in life cycle assessment (LCA) is rarely

  1. Methodology Guidelines on Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaic Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report IEA-PVPS T12-03:2011 #12;IEA-PVPS-TASK 12 Methodology Guidelines on Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaic Electricity #12;IEA-PVPS-TASK 12 Methodology Guidelines on Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines on Life-Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaic Electricity IEA PVPS Task 12, Subtask 20, LCA

  2. Automating Threat Modeling through the Software Development Life-Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Barton P.

    in the development life-cycle reduces its cost dramati- cally. Companies doing software development know this realityAutomating Threat Modeling through the Software Development Life-Cycle Guifr´e Ruiz1 , Elisa process through the development life-cycle. It does not require developers to have any security training

  3. Housing and Residence Life Student Development and Enrollment Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Housing and Residence Life Student Development and Enrollment Services P.O. Box 163222 · Orlando Institution Department of Housing and Residence Life staff will inform residents of necessary preparations.ucf.edu and the UCF Department of Housing and Residence Life website at www.housing.ucf.edu. The Office of Emergency

  4. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Solar Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-11-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that helps to clarify inconsistent and conflicting life cycle GHG emission estimates in the published literature and provide more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from PV systems.

  5. Longevity, Life-cycle Behavior and Pension Reform , Victoria Prowse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    Longevity, Life-cycle Behavior and Pension Reform Peter Haan , Victoria Prowse July 4, 2011 Abstract How can public pension systems be reformed to ensure fiscal stability in the face of increasing and retirement behavior. Keywords: Life Expectancy; Public Pension Reform; Retirement; Employment; Life

  6. Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard Jay

    2010-01-01

    2010). Comparative life cycle assessment of rapeseed oil andoil. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 13(oil. The Interna- tional Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

  7. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01

    in Minnesota, Life Cycle Assessment IX, Boston, MA, 2009;for Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment. EnvironmentalInput-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) US 2002 (428)

  8. Consumer-oriented Life Cycle Assessment of Food, Goods and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher M; Kammen, Daniel M; McGrath, Daniel T

    2008-01-01

    Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA); CarnegieEnvironmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services:Structure of Life Cycle Assessment; Kluwer Academic

  9. Understanding Life Cycle Social Impacts in Manufacturing: A processed-based approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchins, Margot J.; Robinson, Stefanie L.; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 2006. [30]management – life cycle assessment – principles andalso has experience with life-cycle assessment of social and

  10. Technology Choices for the PV Industry: A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David A

    2005-01-01

    2000), “Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Solar HomePV INDUSTRY: A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Sarah Boydinput-output life cycle assessment (EIOLCA) to capture both

  11. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01

    Framework for Life Cycle Assessments: 1991; SETAC.   [Fels BuiLCA: Building Life?cycle Assessment Tool; Unpublished Output Based Life?cycle Assessment;  Journal of Industrial 

  12. Life-Cycle Assessment of Concrete: Decision-Support Tool and Case Study Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gursel, Aysegul Petek

    2014-01-01

    Example of a Hybrid Life-Cycle Assessment of ConstructionD.W. Pennington, Life cycle assessment: Part 1: Framework,management - Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and

  13. Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadel, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Cradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production."International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 12(5): 282-Environmental life cycle assessment of products. Guide &

  14. Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellweg, Stefanie

    2010-01-01

    Radioactivity in Life Cycle Assessment of Dwellings - PartInternational Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 2005, 10 ,Radioactivity in Life Cycle Assessment of Dwellings - Part

  15. Life-cycle assessment of computational logic produced from 1995 through 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; A. Horvath; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01

    S and Inaba A 1997 Life cycle assessment; an approach toE and Zappa S 2001 Life cycle assessment of an integratedenvironmental life cycle assessment for telecommunications

  16. Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard Jay

    2010-01-01

    2.3. Life cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4), Contadini, J. (2002). Life Cycle Assessment of Fuel Celland A. Moberg (2000). Life cycle assessments of energy from

  17. The role of Life Cycle Assessment in identifying and reducing environmental impacts of CCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathre, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Environmental Management: Life Cycle Assessment—RequirementsA, Turkenburg W. 2008. Life cycle assessment of a pulverizedM, Henkel J. 2009. Life cycle assessment of carbon dioxide

  18. Embedded Temporal Difference in Life Cycle Assessment: Case Study on VW Golf A4 Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Chris; Simon, Rachel; Natalie Mady; Dornfeld, David

    2009-01-01

    analyzing uncertainty in life-cycle assessment: a survey of2007. J. W. Owens. “Life cycle assessment: Constraints onEnvironment Results of Life Cycle Assessment,” Energy, 31,

  19. A Hybrid Life Cycle Inventory of Nano-Scale Semiconductor Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Nikhil; Boyd, Sarah; Somani, Ajay; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    for environmental life-cycle assessment. Environ. Sci.E. ; Zappa, S. Life Cycle Assessment of an IntegratedInput-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA). http://

  20. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01

    Framework for Life Cycle Assessments: 1991; SETAC.   [Fels for Environmental Life Cycle Assessment; Environmental and Variability in Life Cycle Assessment;  International 

  1. Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard Jay

    2010-01-01

    2.3. Life cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and A. Moberg (2000). Life cycle assessments of energy from4), Contadini, J. (2002). Life Cycle Assessment of Fuel Cell

  2. Understanding Life Cycle Social Impacts in Manufacturing: A processed-based approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchins, Margot J.; Robinson, Stefanie L.; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 2006. [30]management – life cycle assessment – principles andUNEP-SETAC Social Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines suggest

  3. Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadel, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Environmental life cycle assessment of products. Guide &management – Life cycle assessment – Requirements andCradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production."

  4. A Hybrid Life Cycle Inventory of Nano-Scale Semiconductor Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Nikhil; Boyd, Sarah; Somani, Ajay; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    for environmental life-cycle assessment. Environ. Sci.Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA). http://information for life cycle assessment. J. Chem. Technol.

  5. Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopal, Anand Raja

    2011-01-01

    A survey of unresolved problems in life cycle assessment.International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 13(5):374–problems in life cycle assessment. The International Journal

  6. Consumer-oriented Life Cycle Assessment of Food, Goods and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher M; Kammen, Daniel M; McGrath, Daniel T

    2008-01-01

    Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA); CarnegieStructure of Life Cycle Assessment; Kluwer AcademicEnvironmental Life cycle Assessment Using Input-Output

  7. Texas: Quality of Life at the Crossroads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquillo, M.

    2014-01-01

    regulatory burden, and abundant land provide a welcoming environment for people and businesses alike. Texas has shown a tendency to be more recession- proof than other states: while the country finished 2012 with 3.3 million fewer jobs compared to when....e., roads, bridges, and buildings) that also impact the quality of life for all Texans. Are such compromises a necessary ingredient of the state’s formula for success? If so, how well do we understand the consequences of such compromises to local...

  8. Long life lithium batteries with stabilized electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL); Liu, Jun (Naperville, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Lu, Wenquan (Darien, IL)

    2009-03-24

    The present invention relates to non-aqueous electrolytes having electrode stabilizing additives, stabilized electrodes, and electrochemical devices containing the same. Thus the present invention provides electrolytes containing an alkali metal salt, a polar aprotic solvent, and an electrode stabilizing additive. In some embodiments the additives include a substituted or unsubstituted cyclic or spirocyclic hydrocarbon containing at least one oxygen atom and at least one alkenyl or alkynyl group. When used in electrochemical devices with, e.g., lithium manganese oxide spinel electrodes or olivine or carbon-coated olivine electrodes, the new electrolytes provide batteries with improved calendar and cycle life.

  9. Prospective Life Cycle and Technology Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary AreasDepartmentImre Gyuk, U.S.Energymore<6Prospective Life

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Life at Sandia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygenLaboratoryInnovation PortalHiring Process Thank youLife at

  11. Life Extension Programs | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia NationalSecurityNuclearH-canyon |I 14/%2A1/%2A en|Life

  12. Material Aging and Degradation Detection and Remaining Life Assessment for Plant Life Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Henager, Charles H.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Coble, Jamie B.; Pitman, Stan G.; Bond, Leonard J.

    2012-12-31

    One of the major factors that may impact long term operations is structural material degradation, Detecting materials degradation, estimating the remaining useful life (RUL) of the component, and determining approaches to mitigating the degradation are important from the perspective of long term operations. In this study, multiple nondestructive measurement and monitoring methods were evaluated for their ability to assess the material degradation state. Metrics quantifying the level of damage from these measurements were defined, and evaluated for their ability to provide estimates of remaining life of the component. An example of estimating the RUL from nondestructive measurements of material degradation condition is provided.

  13. Expeditious Data Center Sustainability, Flow, and Temperature Modeling: Life-Cycle Exergy Consumption Combined with a Potential Flow Based, Rankine Vortex Superposed, Predictive Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lettieri, David

    2012-01-01

    Life-cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .life-cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Exergetic life-cycle assessment . . . . . . . .

  14. Expeditious Data Center Sustainability, Flow, and Temperature Modeling: Life-Cycle Exergy Consumption Combined with a Potential Flow Based, Rankine Vortex Superposed, Predictive Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lettieri, David

    2012-01-01

    Life-cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Methodology iii Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) . . . . . . .life-cycle assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  15. Mean mass-specific metabolic rates are strikingly similar across life's major domains: Evidence for life's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    on consumption of energy from the environment. The amount of energy--per unit time per unit mass. Chownc , Peter B. Reichd , and Valery M. Gavrilove aTheoretical Physics Division, Petersburg Nuclear but unanswered biological question asks how much energy, on average, Earth's different life forms spend per unit

  16. Ontogeny of Defense : Does Life History Affect Predator Response Behavior in the Pygmy Octopus, Octopus Bocki?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himes, Julie E.

    2006-01-01

    ONTOGENY OF DEFENSE: DOES LIFE HISTORY AFFECT PREDATORdoes seem to be a shift toward communication over the life history

  17. Improving thermocouple service life in slagging gasifiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, James P.; Kwong, Kyei-Sing; Powell, Cynthia A.; Thomas, Hugh; Krabbe, Rick

    2005-01-01

    The measurement of temperature within slagging gasifiers for long periods of time is difficult/impossible because of sensor failure or blockage of inputs used to monitor gasifier temperature. One of the most common means of temperature measurement in a gasifier is physically, through the use of thermocouples in a gasifier sidewall. These units can fail during startup, standby, or during the first 40-90 days of gasifier service. Failure can be caused by a number of issues; including thermocouple design, construction, placement in the gasifier, gasifier operation, and molten slag attack of the materials used in a thermocouple assembly. Lack of temperature control in a gasifier can lead to improper preheating, slag buildup on gasifier sidewalls, slag attack of gasifier refractories used to line a gasifier, or changes in desired gas output from a gasifier. A general outline of thermocouple failure issues and attempts by the Albany Research Center to improve the service life of thermocouples will be discussed.

  18. Life assessments of a boiler economizer unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lichti, K.A.; Thomas, C.W.; Wilson, P.T.; Julian, W.

    1997-09-01

    An economizer which experienced pitting corrosion during a cleaning accident was subject to recurring corrosion fatigue failures. A condition assessment was undertaken to assess the risk of further failures through metallurgical assessment, extreme value pitting assessments, and on-site NDT condition assessment with on-site extreme value pitting analysis. This was followed by a fatigue life assessment in accordance with PD6493. Condition assessment work and lifetime prediction progressed from initial failure investigation through to final recommendations in a stepwise process. Each stage of the work was followed by a review of the findings and an economic assessment of the alternative options i.e. continue with assessment, full economizer replacement or partial replacement. Selective replacement of a portion of the economizer was recommended.

  19. Evaluation of HEPA filter service life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fretthold, J.K.; Stithem, A.R.

    1997-07-14

    Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), has approximately 10,000 High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filters installed in a variety of filter plenums. These ventilation/filtration plenum systems are used to control the release of airborne particulate contaminates to the environment during normal operations and potential accidents. This report summarizes the results of destructive and non-destructive tests on HEPA filters obtained from a wide variety of ages and service conditions. These tests were performed to determine an acceptable service life criteria for HEPA filters used at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). A total of 140 filters of various ages (1972 to 1996) and service history (new, aged unused, used) were tested. For the purpose of this report, filter age from manufacture date/initial test date to the current sample date was used, as opposed to the actual time a filter was installed in an operating system.

  20. Life cycle test of the NOXSO process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, W.T.; Haslbeck, J.L.; Neal, L.G.

    1990-05-01

    This paper summarizes the data generated by the NOXSO Life Cycle Test Unit (LCTU). The NOXSO process is a dry flue gas treatment system that employs a reusable sorbent. The sorbent consists of sodium carbonate impregnated on a high-surface-area gamma alumina. A fluidized bed of sorbent simultaneously removes SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} from flue gas at a temperature of 250{degrees}F. The spent sorbent is regenerated for reuse by treatment at high temperature with a reducing gas. This regeneration reduces sorbed sulfur compounds to SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S, and elemental sulfur. The SO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S are then converted to elemental sulfur in a Claus-type reactor. The sulfur produced is a marketable by-product of the process. Absorbed nitrogen oxides are decomposed and evolved on heating the sorbent to regeneration temperature.

  1. Design for, and Evaluation of Life Cycle Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahner, D. J.; Hall, E. W.

    1986-01-01

    , AND EVALUATION OF LIFE CYCLE PERFORMANCE David J. Ahner Eldon W. Hall GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK ABSTRACT EQUIPMENT DEGRADATION Project evaluation necessarily requires performance estimates over the project life cycle. In contrast... application. A specific cogeneration exam ple will be discussed and the economic effects of life cycle performance with various plant design assumptions will be shown. Design considerations' to minimize long term performance degradation will also...

  2. Battery Calendar Life Estimator Manual Modeling and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

    2012-10-01

    The Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual has been prepared to assist developers in their efforts to estimate the calendar life of advanced batteries for automotive applications. Testing requirements and procedures are defined by the various manuals previously published under the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). The purpose of this manual is to describe and standardize a method for estimating calendar life based on statistical models and degradation data acquired from typical USABC battery testing.

  3. Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ditty, Jayna L.

    2012-01-01

    inquiry across the curriculum. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwinacross the Life Sciences Curriculum Jayna L. Ditty 1 ,455. Altman RB (1998) A curriculum for bioinfor- matics: the

  4. Crivelli, Silvia; Meza, Juan 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES Ernest...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    folding via divide-and-conquer optimization Oliva, Ricardo; Crivelli, Silvia; Meza, Juan 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, CA...

  5. Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Hydrogen Production viaWind...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Hydrogen Production via WindElectrolysis: Milestone Completion Report Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Hydrogen Production via WindElectrolysis: Milestone Completion...

  6. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Part 2: LED Manufacturing and Performance Scholand, Michael; Dillon, Heather E. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; LIFE CYCLE;...

  7. LIFE Materials: Fuel Cycle and Repository Volume 11

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaw, H; Blink, J A

    2008-12-12

    The fusion-fission LIFE engine concept provides a path to a sustainable energy future based on safe, carbon-free nuclear power with minimal nuclear waste. The LIFE design ultimately offers many advantages over current and proposed nuclear energy technologies, and could well lead to a true worldwide nuclear energy renaissance. When compared with existing and other proposed future nuclear reactor designs, the LIFE engine exceeds alternatives in the most important measures of proliferation resistance and waste minimization. The engine needs no refueling during its lifetime. It requires no removal of fuel or fissile material generated in the LIFE engine. It leaves no weapons-attractive material at the end of life. Although there is certainly a need for additional work, all indications are that the 'back end' of the fuel cycle does not to raise any 'showstopper' issues for LIFE. Indeed, the LIFE concept has numerous benefits: (1) Per unit of electricity generated, LIFE engines would generate 20-30 times less waste (in terms of mass of heavy metal) requiring disposal in a HLW repository than does the current once-through fuel cycle. (2) Although there may be advanced fuel cycles that can compete with LIFE's low mass flow of heavy metal, all such systems require reprocessing, with attendant proliferation concerns; LIFE engines can do this without enrichment or reprocessing. Moreover, none of the advanced fuel cycles can match the low transuranic content of LIFE waste. (3) The specific thermal power of LIFE waste is initially higher than that of spent LWR fuel. Nevertheless, this higher thermal load can be managed using appropriate engineering features during an interim storage period, and could be accommodated in a Yucca-Mountain-like repository by appropriate 'staging' of the emplacement of waste packages during the operational period of the repository. The planned ventilation rates for Yucca Mountain would be sufficient for LIFE waste to meet the thermal constraints of the repository design. (4) A simple, but arguably conservative, estimate for the dose from a repository containing 63,000 MT of spent LIFE fuel would have similar performance to the currently planned Yucca Mountain Repository. This indicates that a properly designed 'LIFE Repository' would almost certainly meet the proposed Nuclear Regulatory Commission standards for dose to individuals, even though the waste in such a repository would have produced 20-30 times more generated electricity than the reference case for Yucca Mountain. The societal risk/benefit ratio for a LIFE repository would therefore be significantly better than for currently planned repositories for LWR fuel.

  8. Analysis of Energy, Environmental and Life Cycle Cost Reduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy, Environmental and Life Cycle Cost Reduction Potential of Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) in Hot and Humid Climate Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last...

  9. High Performance Builder Spotlight: LifeStyle Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-01-01

    LifeStyle Homes of Melbourne, Florida, is aiming for affordable net zero energy homes with help from Building America research partner Florida Solar Energy Center.

  10. Residual Stresses for Structural Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in Vehicle Components: Success stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Residual Stresses for Structural Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction in...

  11. Estimation and Analysis of Life Cycle Costs of Baseline Enhanced...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Estimation and Analysis of Life Cycle Costs of Baseline Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title...

  12. GREET Development and Applications for Life-Cycle Analysis of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Documents & Publications Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emissions Analysis with the GREET Model Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Emissions Modeling: GREET Life Cycle...

  13. Probing the Medical Potential of Microbial Marine Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Paul; Moore, Bradley

    2011-01-01

    functional adaptation in marine Actino- bacteria. The ISMEmetabolite biosyn- thesis in marine actinobacteria. Appl.Potential of Microbial Marine Life // Paul Jensen and

  14. Technology development: HEPA filter service life test plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirchner, K.N.; Cummings, K.G.; Leck, W.C.; Fretthold, J.K.

    1995-05-31

    Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (the Site) has approximately 10,000 High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filters installed in a variety of filter plenums. These ventilation/filtration plenum systems are used to control the release of airborne particulate contaminates to the environment during normal operations and also during potential design-based accidents. The operational integrity of the HEPA filter plenums is essential to maintaining the margins of safety as required by building specific Final Safety Analysis Reports (FSARS) for protection of the public and environment. An Unreviewed Safety Question Determination (USQD), USDQ-RFP94.0615-ARS, was conducted in 1994 addressing the potential inadequacy of the safety envelope for Protected Area building HEPA plenums. While conducting this USQD, questions were raised concerning the maximum service life criteria for HEPA filters. Accident scenarios in existing FSARs identify conditions that could potentially cause plugging or damage of down stream HEPA filters as a result of impaction from failed filters. Additionally, available data indicates that HEPA filters experience structural degradation due to the effects of age. The Unresolved Safety Question (USQ) compensatory measures thus require testing and analysis of used HEPA filters in order to determine and implement service life criteria.

  15. Economic Life Cycle Assessment as element of sustainability certification – a key success factor moving beyond Life Cycle Costing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trinius, W.; Hirsch, H.

    2009-01-01

    Lakenbrink, DU Diederichs Project Management, Munich, Germany Title Economic Life Cycle Assessment as element of sustainability certification ? a key success factor moving beyond Life Cycle Costing The move from considering environmental impacts... on sustainability of construction works, and relating to the emerging European standards in this field, the recently established German Sustainable Building Council (GeSBC / DGNB) presented a certification scheme applying a holistic life cycle model. While...

  16. Delayed accumulation of intestinal coliform bacteria enhances life span and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans fed respiratory deficient E. coli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    coliform bacteria enhances life span and stress resistancecoliform bacteria enhances life span and stress resistance

  17. CMORE GEMS Report "Microscopes for SEEQS Life Science Curriculum"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMORE GEMS Report "Microscopes for SEEQS Life Science Curriculum" School for Examining Essential Teacher March 24, 2015 The aim of the project, titled "Microscopes for SEEQS Life Science Curriculum", was to supplement our curriculum with handson scientific experience in our school's inquiry and issuebased

  18. BETAVOLTAIC BATTERIES Long-Life Power for Defense & Medical Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BETAVOLTAIC BATTERIES Long-Life Power for Defense & Medical Markets NREL Industry Growth Forum Jonathan W. Greene, CEO November 2, 2009 #12;·! Patented Betavoltaics ­ tiny, long life batteries targeting electronic and isotope powered batteries MS - 14 yrs management and engineering ·!Expert in patent

  19. Variate Generation for the Accelerated Life and Proportional Hazards Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    Variate Generation for the Accelerated Life and Proportional Hazards Models Lawrence M. Leemis by a factor (z), variates are generated by t = H-1 0 (- log(u)) (z) . In the proportional hazards model The accelerated life and proportional hazards lifetime models are used to account for the effects of covariates

  20. Regenerative Process in Life and Mind PETER CARIANIa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cariani, Peter

    process in life and mind. Annals, New York Acad. Sci., 2000; 91:26-34. #12;27CARIANI: REGENERATIVE PROCESS system, then mental states can be seen as switch- ings between alternative sets of stable, self IN LIFE AND MIND systems.3­6 Regenerative processes in which energy flows, material parts, and func

  1. Water is Life! Year in ReviewDepartment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water is Life! 2014 Year in ReviewDepartment of Water Resources #12;Water is Life! (The State of the Department of Water Resources in 2014) Our vision "Safe Water Resources for All' Our mission "Create and Transfer Knowledge in Water Resources and Environmental Management using Earth observation and spatial

  2. STORER LIFE SCIENCES ENDOWMENT MAJOR ISSUES IN MODERN BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    STORER LIFE SCIENCES ENDOWMENT PRESENTS MAJOR ISSUES IN MODERN BIOLOGY Philip DeVries Department of Biological Sciences University of New Orleans WHAT BUTTERFLIES TELL US ABOUT TROPICAL DIVERSITY Thursday as a Fellowship from the Smithsonian Institute. Sponsored by College of Biological Sciences Storer Life Sciences

  3. Patent Breadth, Patent Life, and the Pace of Technological Progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Patent Breadth, Patent Life, and the Pace of Technological Progress TED O'DONOGHUE Department improve each other's products, a patent can terminate either because it expires or because a non of these happens as the effective patent life, and show how it depends on patent breadth. We distinguish lagging

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Temperature and kairomone induced life history plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodds, Walter

    ORIGINAL PAPER Temperature and kairomone induced life history plasticity in coexisting Daphnia temperature and predator cues. In a laboratory experiment, we measured Daphnia life history plasticity under plasticity, but responded in sharply different ways to the same environmental cues. In Glen Elder reservoir

  5. ICAF Symposium Montral, 13 June 2011 FATIGUE LIFE ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    assessment of useful life for composite aircraft fatigue-critical, flight-critical components and structure process used to produce carbon/epoxy and glass/epoxy composite aircraft fatigue-critical, flight advances in the technologies which could enable accurate assessment of useful life for composite aircraft

  6. Advances in Life-Cycle Cost Analysis and Design of Civil Infrastructure Systems LIFE CYCLE COST MODEL FOR EVALUATING THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepech, Michael D.

    ). Cement production accounts for 5% of all global anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions #12;AdvancesAdvances in Life-Cycle Cost Analysis and Design of Civil Infrastructure Systems 143 LIFE CYCLE COST and cost model was developed to evaluate infrastructure sustainability, and compare alternative materials

  7. THE ASSESSMENT PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The assessment phase of the Data Life Cycle includes verification and validation of the survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPENDIX E THE ASSESSMENT PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The assessment phase of the Data Life Cycle verification, data validation and DQA fit into the Assessment Phase of the Data Life Cycle. There are five/VERIFIED DATA CONCLUSIONS DRAWN FROM DATA Figure E.1 The Assessment Phase of the Data Life Cycle (EPA 1996a

  8. End-of-life flows of multiple cycle consumer products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsiliyannis, C.A.

    2011-11-15

    Explicit expressions for the end-of-life flows (EOL) of single and multiple cycle products (MCPs) are presented, including deterministic and stochastic EOL exit. The expressions are given in terms of the physical parameters (maximum lifetime, T, annual cycling frequency, f, number of cycles, N, and early discard or usage loss). EOL flows are also obtained for hi-tech products, which are rapidly renewed and thus may not attain steady state (e.g. electronic products, passenger cars). A ten-step recursive procedure for obtaining the dynamic EOL flow evolution is proposed. Applications of the EOL expressions and the ten-step procedure are given for electric household appliances, industrial machinery, tyres, vehicles and buildings, both for deterministic and stochastic EOL exit, (normal, Weibull and uniform exit distributions). The effect of the physical parameters and the stochastic characteristics on the EOL flow is investigated in the examples: it is shown that the EOL flow profile is determined primarily by the early discard dynamics; it also depends strongly on longevity and cycling frequency: higher lifetime or early discard/loss imply lower dynamic and steady state EOL flows. The stochastic exit shapes the overall EOL dynamic profile: Under symmetric EOL exit distribution, as the variance of the distribution increases (uniform to normal to deterministic) the initial EOL flow rise becomes steeper but the steady state or maximum EOL flow level is lower. The steepest EOL flow profile, featuring the highest steady state or maximum level, as well, corresponds to skew, earlier shifted EOL exit (e.g. Weibull). Since the EOL flow of returned products consists the sink of the reuse/remanufacturing cycle (sink to recycle) the results may be used in closed loop product lifecycle management operations for scheduling and sizing reverse manufacturing and for planning recycle logistics. Decoupling and quantification of both the full age EOL and of the early discard flows is useful, the latter being the target of enacted legislation aiming at increasing reuse.

  9. Agility and Risk Management at Pacific Life: Optimizing Business Unit Autonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Jeanne W.

    2007-12-01

    Pacific Life is a diversified financial services company with a history of autonomous business units. Pacific Life had five independent divisions, including Life Insurance, Annuities and Mutual Funds, and Investments. These ...

  10. Integrating Green Manufacturing in Sustainable Life Cycle Design: A Case Study on PEM Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chien, Joshua

    2013-01-01

    ISO14000 framework for life cycle assessment [158] b) InputsX. Li. “A preliminary life cycle assessment of PEM fuel cellManagement - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and

  11. Framework for Modeling the Uncertainty of Future Events in Life Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Fen; Simon, Rachel; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment, Journal ofThe uncertainty of Life Cycle Assessment is a very importantFuture Events in Life Cycle Assessment Yi-Fen Chen, Rachel

  12. Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopal, Anand Raja

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 9(3):161–171. [Fargione etStandards for Life Cycle Assessment: ISO 14040 and ISOJournal of Life Cycle Assessment, 11(2):80–85. [Fox et al. ,

  13. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2010-01-01

    Status and Needs for Life Cycle Assessment Development inJournal of Life Cycle Assessment 4 (4), pp.191-194. Zhuang,Management—Life Cycle Assessment—Data Documentation Format

  14. An Indigenous Application for Estimating Carbon footprint of academia library systems based on life cycle assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Saurabh; David Dornfeld

    2008-01-01

    Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) model”, http://SYSTEMS BASED ON LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT Garg S. , Dornfeld D.based on a thorough Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of all the

  15. Dose-Response Modeling for Life Cycle Impact Assessment: Findings of the Portland Review Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKone, Thomas E.; Kyle, Amy D.; Jolliet, Olivier; Olsen, Stig Irving; Hauschild, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Key References Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a frameworkmeasure of impact in life- cycle assessment? When combiningHealth Response in Life Cycle Assessment Using ED10s and

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    and Yang, W. -F. , Life cycle assessment on using recycledEatmon, T.D. , A life-cycle assessment of portland cementCradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production.

  17. Framework for Modeling the Uncertainty of Future Events in Life Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Fen; Simon, Rachel; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment, Journal ofFuture Events in Life Cycle Assessment Yi-Fen Chen, RachelOne limitation of Life Cycle Assessment is that it relies on

  18. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2010-01-01

    Status and Needs for Life Cycle Assessment Development inJournal of Life Cycle Assessment 4 (4), pp.191-194. Zhuang,Facilities: Life Cycle Assessment, Resources, Conservation

  19. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01

    in Minnesota, Life Cycle Assessment IX, Boston, MA, 2009;Eatmon, T. D. A Life-Cycle Assessment of Portland CementAssessment, and Life-Cycle Assessment. Proceedings of the

  20. An Analysis of Hybrid Life Support Systems for Sustainable Habitats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Margaret Miller

    2014-01-01

    The design of sustainable habitats on Earth, on other planetary surfaces, and in space, has motivated strategic planning with respect to life support (LS) system technology development and habitat design. Such planning ...

  1. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................................ 12 6.3 Calculating Energy Usage.............................................................................................. 13 7 Overall Energy UsageLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS ON THE BASIS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION Sin

  2. Building Life Cycle Cost Programs Software Installation Troubleshootin...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    trouble downloading the Building Life Cycle Cost (BLCC) Programs software? Macintosh Operating Systems If you are receiving the "Download.app is damaged and can't be opened"...

  3. FPS 12.1 Life Safety, 5/24/2000

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that conditions in the plant provide an appropriate level of life safety for workers conducting operations in the...

  4. Incorporating uncertainty in the Life Cycle Cost Analysis of pavements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swei, Omar Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) is an important tool to evaluate the economic performance of alternative investments for a given project. It considers the total cost to construct, maintain, and operate a pavement over its ...

  5. DOE Publishes Report on Accelerated Life Testing of SSL Luminaires...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (DOE) has published the findings of a new study utilizing a highly accelerated life-test method (called the "hammer test") intended to produce failures in SSL luminaires in a...

  6. RioGrande Wild Turkey Life History and Management Calendar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Shawn; Cathey, James; Collier, Bret; Hardin, Jason

    2008-05-08

    This calendar is for landowners and managers who want to manage and improve their wild turkey habitat. The calendar is in easy-to-follow chart form and shows important annual events pertaining to wild turkey life history, habitat management...

  7. Life-cycle assessment of wastewater treatment plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Bo, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis presents a general model for the carbon footprints analysis of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. In previous research, the issue of global warming is often related ...

  8. Physical and Life Sciences 2008 Science & Technology Highlights

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Correll, D L; Hazi, A U

    2009-05-06

    This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate that made news in 2008. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2008.

  9. Predicting the life cycle of rice varieties in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gambrell, Stefphanie Michelle

    2006-04-12

    once it reaches the market. This study develops a regression model, which includes competition and the characteristics of a specific variety, to estimate the life cycle of new varieties and hybrids. In addition, simulation techniques are utilized...

  10. Improving the quality and transparency of building life cycle assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sophia Lisbeth

    2011-01-01

    Life cycle assessment, or LCA, is a powerful method for measuring and reducing a building's environmental impacts. Its widespread adoption among designers would allow the environmental component of sustainability to gain ...

  11. Life Satisfaction Over the First Five Years Following Burn Injury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoskins, Jessica Lynne

    2012-10-19

    Individuals with burn injuries increasingly survive their injury, but we know little about their psychological outcomes following the injury. This study examines life satisfaction outcomes for 260 individuals who sustained burn injuries and were...

  12. Life cycle analysis of hybrid poplar trees for cellulosic ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jessica J

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to assess the energy and environmental benefits of cultivating hybrid poplars as a biomass crop for cellulosic ethanol. A "Life Cycle Assessment" (LCA) methodology is used to systematically ...

  13. VIDEO: Bringing This Year's Energy Pumpkins to Life | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to the test and carved some energy pumpkins of our own. In the video above, see a CFL, solar panels, an atom and a wind turbine come to life in spooky, candlelit time-lapse --...

  14. Alternative housing designs for changing life-styles in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Yoshiko

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to determine the factors affecting the transformation of user requirements for a single family detached house by analyzing changing technology and life-styles of the traditional and modern ...

  15. Battery Technology Life Verification Test Manual Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this Technology Life Verification Test (TLVT) Manual is to help guide developers in their effort to successfully commercialize advanced energy storage devices such as battery and ultracapacitor technologies. The experimental design and data analysis discussed herein are focused on automotive applications based on the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) electric vehicle, hybrid electric vehicle, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (EV, HEV, and PHEV, respectively) performance targets. However, the methodology can be equally applied to other applications as well. This manual supersedes the February 2005 version of the TLVT Manual (Reference 1). It includes criteria for statistically-based life test matrix designs as well as requirements for test data analysis and reporting. Calendar life modeling and estimation techniques, including a user’s guide to the corresponding software tool is now provided in the Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual (Reference 2).

  16. Evolutionary Genomics of Life in (and from) the Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boore, Jeffrey L.

    2009-01-01

    291: 1304-1351. Table 1. Genomics information on the webLBNL-59356 Evolutionary Genomics of Life in (and from) thean engine for comparative genomics. The six largest centers

  17. Patent Litigation for High Technology and Life Sciences Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Patent Litigation for High Technology and Life Sciences Companies #12;© 2005 Fenwick & West LLP Corporate (emerging growth, financings, securities, mergers & acquisitions) n Intellectual Property (patent, copyright, licensing, trademark) n Litigation (patent and other IP, securities, antitrust, employment

  18. Velkommen til Second Life Forestil dig pludselig at vre ef-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    /20116 etnografiske rejse. Du har ingen erfaring med at foretage feltarbej- de i disse omgivelser. Der er kun lidet til at guide dig og ingen til at hjælpe dig. Således begyndte mit toårige feltarbejde i Second Life

  19. Archival Report Behavioral Problems After Early Life Stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    , Poverty, Stress http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.04.020 It is increasingly clear that early life or chronic poverty with behavioral problems, such as aggressive and oppositional behavior (1). Such problems

  20. Full Useful Life (120,000 miles) Exhaust Emission Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Full Useful Life (120,000 miles) Exhaust Emission Performance of a NOx Adsorber and Diesel Particle Filter Equipped Passenger Car and Medium-Duty Engine in Conjunction with...

  1. Erika Perloff: Director of Educational Programs, Life Lab Science Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    and learned how to build a compost pile and create a schooloccasionally we’d get some compost from the Farm, doto thermometers for your compost, and all the Life Lab

  2. Woman Credits JLab Technology With Saving Her Life | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    30, 2008 -- When Sue Parham underwent tests prior to undergoing surgery for breast cancer, she had no idea how much her life was about to change. Parham's surgeon had sent her...

  3. Service-learning and leadership life skills: an experimental study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Barbara Darlene

    2004-11-15

    demographics including age, gender, type of service completed monthly and 4-H membership on the development of leadership life skills. Participants in the study were from two samples. One group represented the El Paso National Youth Service Day, the other...

  4. Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Sustainable Federal Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help facility managers make sound decisions, FEMP provides guidance and resources on applying life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of energy and water efficiency investments.

  5. Systems integration and analysis of advanced life support technologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nworie, Grace A.

    2009-06-02

    Extended missions to space have long been a goal of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Accomplishment of NASA's goal requires the development of systems and tools for sustaining human life for periods of several months...

  6. LIFE Materials: Thermomechanical Effects Volume 5 - Part I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caro, M; DeMange, P; Marian, J; Caro, A; Fluss, M; Zepeda-Ruiz, L

    2009-05-07

    Improved fuel performance is a key issue in the current Laser Inertial-Confinement Fusion-Fission Energy (LIFE) engine design. LIFE is a fusion-fission engine composed of a {approx}40-tons fuel blanket surrounding a pulsed fusion neutron source. Fusion neutrons get multiplied and moderated in a Beryllium blanket before penetrating the subcritical fission blanket. The fuel in the blanket is composed of millions of fuel pebbles, and can in principle be burned to over 99% FIMA without refueling or reprocessing. This report contains the following chapters: Chapter A: LIFE Requirements for Materials -- LIFE Fuel; Chapter B: Summary of Existing Knowledge; Chapter C: Identification of Gaps in Knowledge & Vulnerabilities; and Chapter D: Strategy and Future Work.

  7. Crafting life : a sensory ethnography of fabricated biologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roosth, Hannah Sophia

    2010-01-01

    This ethnography tracks a diverse set of practices I term "constructive biologies," by which I mean efforts in the post-genomic life sciences to understand how biology works by making new biological things. I examine five ...

  8. Published by the Office for Campus Life 2014 -2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    Published by the Office for Campus Life 2014 - 2015 The Roadmap #12;Student Organization resource guide Dear Student Leader, Welcome to the 2014-2015 Tufts University Roadmap, a guide to student

  9. Published by the Office for Campus Life 2012 -2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    Published by the Office for Campus Life 2012 - 2013 The Roadmap #12;Student Organization resource guide Dear Student Leader, Welcome to the 2012-2013 Tufts University Roadmap, a guide to student

  10. Green Engineering and Life Cycle Assessment at Virginia Tec ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Green Engineering and Life Cycle Assessment at Virginia Tech Apr 10 2014 03:00 PM - 04:00 PM Sean McGinnis, VT Green Engineering, Oak Ridge Center for Bioenergy and Sustainability...

  11. Workshop to develop deep-life continental scientific drilling projects

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kieft, T. L.; Onstott, T. C.; Ahonen, L.; Aloisi, V.; Colwell, F. S.; Engelen, B.; Fendrihan, S.; Gaidos, E.; Harms, U.; Head, I.; et al

    2015-05-29

    The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) has long espoused studies of deep subsurface life, and has targeted fundamental questions regarding subsurface life, including the following: "(1) What is the extent and diversity of deep microbial life and what are the factors limiting it? (2) What are the types of metabolism/carbon/energy sources and the rates of subsurface activity? (3) How is deep microbial life adapted to subsurface conditions? (4) How do subsurface microbial communities affect energy resources? And (5) how does the deep biosphere interact with the geosphere and atmosphere?" (Horsfield et al., 2014) Many ICDP-sponsored drilling projects have includedmore »a deep-life component; however, to date, not one project has been driven by deep-life goals, in part because geomicrobiologists have been slow to initiate deep biosphere-driven ICDP projects. Therefore, the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) recently partnered with the ICDP to sponsor a workshop with the specific aim of gathering potential proponents for deep-life-driven ICDP projects and ideas for candidate drilling sites. Twenty-two participants from nine countries proposed projects and sites that included compressional and extensional tectonic environments, evaporites, hydrocarbon-rich shales, flood basalts, Precambrian shield rocks, subglacial and subpermafrost environments, active volcano–tectonic systems, megafan deltas, and serpentinizing ultramafic environments. The criteria and requirements for successful ICDP applications were presented. Deep-life-specific technical requirements were discussed and it was concluded that, while these procedures require adequate planning, they are entirely compatible with the sampling needs of other disciplines. As a result of this workshop, one drilling workshop proposal on the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (BRPP) has been submitted to the ICDP, and several other drilling project proponents plan to submit proposals for ICDP-sponsored drilling workshops in 2016.« less

  12. Workshop to develop deep-life continental scientific drilling projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kieft, T. L.; Onstott, T. C.; Ahonen, L.; Aloisi, V.; Colwell, F. S.; Engelen, B.; Fendrihan, S.; Gaidos, E.; Harms, U.; Head, I.; Kallmeyer, J.; Kiel Reese, B.; Lin, L.-H.; Long, P. E.; Moser, D. P.; Mills, H.; Sar, P.; Schulze-Makuch, D.; Stan-Lotter, H.; Wagner, D.; Wang, P.-L.; Westall, F.; Wilkins, M. J.

    2015-05-29

    The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) has long espoused studies of deep subsurface life, and has targeted fundamental questions regarding subsurface life, including the following: "(1) What is the extent and diversity of deep microbial life and what are the factors limiting it? (2) What are the types of metabolism/carbon/energy sources and the rates of subsurface activity? (3) How is deep microbial life adapted to subsurface conditions? (4) How do subsurface microbial communities affect energy resources? And (5) how does the deep biosphere interact with the geosphere and atmosphere?" (Horsfield et al., 2014) Many ICDP-sponsored drilling projects have included a deep-life component; however, to date, not one project has been driven by deep-life goals, in part because geomicrobiologists have been slow to initiate deep biosphere-driven ICDP projects. Therefore, the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) recently partnered with the ICDP to sponsor a workshop with the specific aim of gathering potential proponents for deep-life-driven ICDP projects and ideas for candidate drilling sites. Twenty-two participants from nine countries proposed projects and sites that included compressional and extensional tectonic environments, evaporites, hydrocarbon-rich shales, flood basalts, Precambrian shield rocks, subglacial and subpermafrost environments, active volcano–tectonic systems, megafan deltas, and serpentinizing ultramafic environments. The criteria and requirements for successful ICDP applications were presented. Deep-life-specific technical requirements were discussed and it was concluded that, while these procedures require adequate planning, they are entirely compatible with the sampling needs of other disciplines. As a result of this workshop, one drilling workshop proposal on the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (BRPP) has been submitted to the ICDP, and several other drilling project proponents plan to submit proposals for ICDP-sponsored drilling workshops in 2016.

  13. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14

    SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CARSON JOSEPH ULBRICH RETAIL SHELF-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS OF DRY-AGED BEEF Approved by: Research Advisors: Jeffrey W. Savell Davey B. Griffin Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb... ULBRICH iii ABSTRACT Retail Shelf-Life Characteristics of Dry-Aged Beef. (April 2010) Carson Joseph Ulbrich Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisors: Drs. Jeffrey W. Savell and Davey B. Griffin Department...

  14. The human toxicity potential and a strategy for evaluating model performance in life-cycle impact assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKone, Thomas E.; Hertwich, Edgar G.

    2001-01-01

    within the framework of life cycle assessment of products.in the Journal of Life Cycle Assessment Research SupportedIntroduction Life cycle assessment (LCA) requires

  15. Comparative alternative materials assessment to screen toxicity hazards in the life cycle of CIGS thin film photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenberg, DA; Yu, M; Lam, CW; Ogunseitan, OA; Schoenung, JM

    2013-01-01

    Ed. ), Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment: Operational GuideManagement – Life Cycle Assessment – Principles andthe gap between life cycle assessments and product design,

  16. Integrated Life-cycle Assessment for Semiconductor Manufacturing Processes using the Environmental Value Systems Analysis and EIOLCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayyagary, Uday; Krishnan, Nikhil; Rosales, Joaquin; Dornfeld, David A

    2003-01-01

    Integrated Life-cycle Assessment for semiconductormanufacturers alike. 2. Life cycle Assessment using EnV-Sa move towards Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), which is the

  17. Comparative alternative materials assessment to screen toxicity hazards in the life cycle of CIGS thin film photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenberg, DA; Yu, M; Lam, CW; Ogunseitan, OA; Schoenung, JM

    2013-01-01

    Ed. ), Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment: Operational Guidethe gap between life cycle assessments and product design,Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Principles and

  18. Cosmic explosions, life in the Universe and the Cosmological Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piran, Tsvi; Cuesta, Antonio J; Simpson, Fergus; Verde, Licia

    2015-01-01

    Galactic Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are copious sources of gamma-rays that can pose a threat to complex life. Using recent determinations of their rate and the probability of GRBs causing massive extinction, we explore what type of universes are most likely to harbour advanced forms of life. For this purpose we use cosmological N-body simulations to determine at what time and for what value of the cosmological constant ($\\Lambda$) the chances of life being unaffected by cosmic explosions are maximised. We find that $\\Lambda-$dominated universes favour the survival of life against GRBs. Within a $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology, the parameters that govern the likelihood of life survival to GRBs are dictated by the value of $\\Lambda$ and the age of the Universe. We find that we seem to live in a favorable point in this parameter phase space which minimises the exposure to cosmic explosions, yet maximises the number of main sequence (hydrogen-burning) stars around which advanced life forms can exist.

  19. Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellweg, Stefanie

    2010-01-01

    to Chemicals with LCA: The Examples of Trichloroethylene andin Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), may result in product orand outdoor exposure in LCA, within the UNEP/SETAC Life

  20. Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Sangran

    2012-01-01

    FTR: Fischer-Tropsch reactor LCA: life cycle analysis LCI:software. Life cycle analyses (LCA) using a modified GREETfor the process. Keywords: LCA, Fischer-Tropsch, avation

  1. Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems - Executive Summary Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems - Executive Summary This...

  2. Design and life-cycle considerations for unconventional-reservoir wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miskimins, J.L.

    2009-05-15

    This paper provides an overview of design and life-cycle considerations for certain unconventional-reservoir wells. An overview of unconventional-reservoir definitions is provided. Well design and life-cycle considerations are addressed from three aspects: upfront reservoir development, initial well completion, and well-life and long-term considerations. Upfront-reservoir-development issues discussed include well spacing, well orientation, reservoir stress orientations, and tubular metallurgy. Initial-well-completion issues include maximum treatment pressures and rates, treatment diversion, treatment staging, flowback and cleanup, and dewatering needs. Well-life and long-term discussions include liquid loading, corrosion, refracturing and associated fracture reorientation, and the cost of abandonment. These design considerations are evaluated with case studies for five unconventional-reservoir types: shale gas (Barnett shale), tight gas (Jonah feld), tight oil (Bakken play), coalbed methane (CBM) (San Juan basin), and tight heavy oil (Lost Hills field). In evaluating the life cycle and design of unconventional-reservoir wells, 'one size' does not fit all and valuable knowledge and a shortening of the learning curve can be achieved for new developments by studying similar, more-mature fields.

  3. Parameter Study of the LIFE Engine Nuclear Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, K J; Meier, W R; Latkowski, J F; Abbott, R P

    2009-07-10

    LLNL is developing the nuclear fusion based Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) power plant concept. The baseline design uses a depleted uranium (DU) fission fuel blanket with a flowing molten salt coolant (flibe) that also breeds the tritium needed to sustain the fusion energy source. Indirect drive targets, similar to those that will be demonstrated on the National Ignition Facility (NIF), are ignited at {approx}13 Hz providing a 500 MW fusion source. The DU is in the form of a uranium oxycarbide kernel in modified TRISO-like fuel particles distributed in a carbon matrix forming 2-cm-diameter pebbles. The thermal power is held at 2000 MW by continuously varying the 6Li enrichment in the coolants. There are many options to be considered in the engine design including target yield, U-to-C ratio in the fuel, fission blanket thickness, etc. Here we report results of design variations and compare them in terms of various figures of merit such as time to reach a desired burnup, full-power years of operation, time and maximum burnup at power ramp down and the overall balance of plant utilization.

  4. SLAC-Built Detector Prepares for Life at Jefferson Lab (SLAC...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:news.slac.stanford.eduimageslac-built-detector-prepares-life-jefferson-lab Submitted: Tuesday, April 17...

  5. A N N U A L R E P O R T Bringing Ideas to Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    at the university. Bringing Ideas to Life 10Annual Report Cover Photo: Electrospinning the basic components

  6. Next Generations Safeguards Initiative: The Life of a Cylinder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, James B; White-Horton, Jessica L

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nonproliferation and International Security's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) has begun a program based on a five-year plan to investigate the concept of a global monitoring scheme that uniquely identifies uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders and their locations throughout the life cycle. A key initial activity in the NGSI program is to understand and document the 'life of a UF6 cylinder' from cradle to grave. This document describes the life of a UF6 cylinder and includes cylinder manufacture and procurement processes as well as cylinder-handling and operational practices at conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication, and depleted UF6 conversion facilities. The NGSI multiple-laboratory team is using this document as a building block for subsequent tasks in the five-year plan, including development of the functional requirements for cylinder-tagging and tracking devices.

  7. Commissioning tools for life-cycle building performance assurance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, M.A.

    1996-05-01

    This paper discusses information systems for building life-cycle performance analysis and the use of computer-based commissioning tools within this context. There are many reasons why buildings do not perform in practice as well as intended at the design stage. One reason is the lack of commissioning. A second reason is that design intent is not well documented, and performance targets for building components and systems are not well specified. Thus, criteria for defining verification and functional tests is unclear. A third reason is that critical information is often lost throughout the building life-cycle, which causes problems such as misunderstanding of operational characteristics and sequences and reduced overall performance. The life-cycle building performance analysis tools project discussed in this paper are focused on chillers and cooling systems.

  8. LIFE Cost of Electricity, Capital and Operating Costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anklam, T

    2011-04-14

    Successful commercialization of fusion energy requires economic viability as well as technical and scientific feasibility. To assess economic viability, we have conducted a pre-conceptual level evaluation of LIFE economics. Unit costs are estimated from a combination of bottom-up costs estimates, working with representative vendors, and scaled results from previous studies of fission and fusion plants. An integrated process model of a LIFE power plant was developed to integrate and optimize unit costs and calculate top level metrics such as cost of electricity and power plant capital cost. The scope of this activity was the entire power plant site. Separately, a development program to deliver the required specialized equipment has been assembled. Results show that LIFE power plant cost of electricity and plant capital cost compare favorably to estimates for new-build LWR's, coal and gas - particularly if indicative costs of carbon capture and sequestration are accounted for.

  9. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 117-129. 2008 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 117-129. © 2008 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Biophilic Fractals and the Visual Journey of Organic Screen

  10. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.91-96. 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.91-96. © 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. The Transience of Virtual Fractals R. P. Taylor 1

  11. Accelerated quantification of critical parameters for predicting the service life and life cycle costs of chloride-laden reinforced concrete structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillai Gopalakrishnan, Radhakrishna

    2003-01-01

    The use of corrosion resistant steels (instead of conventional carbon steels) and/or high performance concrete can increase the overall service life and can reduce the life cycle cost (LCC) of reinforced concrete (RC) structures exposed to chloride...

  12. Longer life for glyco-based stationary engine coolants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohlfeld, R.

    1996-07-01

    Large, stationary diesel engines used to compress natural gas that is to be transported down pipelines generate a great deal of heat. Unless this heat is dissipated efficiently, it will eventually cause an expensive breakdown. Whether the coolant uses ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, the two major causes of glycol degradation are heat and oxidation. The paper discusses inhibitors that enhance coolant service life and presents a comprehensive list of do`s and don`ts for users to gain a 20-year coolant life.

  13. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation Fact Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.

  14. Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2007-03-15

    The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

  15. Advanced Energy Storage Life and Health Prognostics (INL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen

    2011-11-01

    The objective of this work is to develop methodologies that will accurately estimate state-of-health (SOH) and remaining useful life (RUL) of electrochemical energy storage devices using both offline and online (i.e., in-situ) techniques through: (1) Developing a statistically robust battery life estimator tool based on both testing and simulation, (2) Developing rapid impedance spectrum measurement techniques that enable onboard power assessment, and (3) Developing an energy storage monitoring system that incorporates both passive and active measurements for onboard systems.

  16. THE PLANNING PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The planning phase of the Data Life Cycle is carried out using the Data Quality Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPENDIX D THE PLANNING PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The planning phase of the Data Life Cycle assurance project plan (QAPP). The QAPP integrates all technical and quality aspects of the Data Life Cycle (implementation) and the decision maker (assessment)

  17. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. © 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. The Art and Science of Foam Bubbles R. P. Taylor 1 of Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences. Denis Weaire, Stefan Hutzler, Wiebke Drenckhan form

  18. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp.405-407. 2006 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    405 Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp.405-407. © 2006 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Book Review Images of a Complex World: The Art and Poetry Theory in Psychology and Life Sciences, practitioners in diverse disciplines have come together to foster

  19. Environmental Life Cycle Comparison of Algae to Other Bioenergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarens, Andres

    Environmental Life Cycle Comparison of Algae to Other Bioenergy Feedstocks A N D R E S F . C L A R December 6, 2009. Accepted December 15, 2009. Algae are an attractive source of biomass energy since. In spite of these advantages, algae cultivation has not yet been compared with conventional crops from

  20. Physical and Information Security Policy Category: Campus Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical and Information Security Policy Category: Campus Life Facilities Information Management 1. The Security Office (Bentley Campus) will provide information to assist staff and students in protecting Manager. 2.7 Information security University information must be protected in a manner that is appropriate

  1. Statistical Analysis of Semiparametric Models in Accelerated Life Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Accelerated life models, additive accumulation of damages, generalized proportional hazards, semiparametric­to­failure of items under the stress x(\\Delta) is deøned by a non­negative absolutely continuous random variable T x models with random covariates. The proportion F x(\\Delta) (t) of items from\\Omega which fail until

  2. LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION E-NEWSLETTER September 30, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Scientific Focus Area Notes o Low Dose Radiation Research Life Sciences Division Well 8 #12;2 DOE scientific focus area notes Low Dose Radiation was well represented at the Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society (RRS), held in Boston

  3. LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION E-NEWSLETTER October, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Scientific Focus Area Notes o Low Dose Radiation Research Life Scientists Well Represented 2 at Annual Meeting of EMS; New Confocal Microscope for Low Dose Radiation Research; Low Dose cell genetics. Priscilla Cooper, 10/08 New Confocal Microscope for Low Dose Radiation Research

  4. Life Sciences Division E-Newsletter August 24, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    presentations of their research in low dose and charged particle radiation biology. DOE was a notable supporter -------------------------------------- Low Dose Forum Life Sciences Division scientists and research were prominently featured at the 13th for the discussion of radiation risk relevant to low dose exposures. Eleanor Blakely and Amy Kronenberg were members

  5. Extending Mobile Computer Battery Life through EnergyAware Adaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . On some platforms, quality reduction and remote execution can decrease application energy usage by upExtending Mobile Computer Battery Life through Energy­Aware Adaptation Jason Flinn CMU­CS­01­171 December 2001 School of Computer Science Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh

  6. Extending Mobile Computer Battery Life through Energy-Aware Adaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . On some platforms, quality reduction and remote execution can decrease application energy usage by upExtending Mobile Computer Battery Life through Energy-Aware Adaptation Jason Flinn CMU-CS-01-171 December 2001 School of Computer Science Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh

  7. TEST 3Version 1 EARTH, LIFE, AND TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kah, Linda

    ) representation of relationship based on total number of shared traits (10) _____ ediacara (j) genetic material, except: (a) NH3 (ammonia) (b) CO2 (carbon dioxide) (c) O2 (oxygen) (d) CH4 (methane) PART 2 ­ SHORT be the significance of finding evidence for eukaryotic life if you were trying to decipher the chemical composition

  8. Message from the Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Bringing Ideas to Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Wins Solar Car Race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 On or Off the Road, SAE Leaves Its Mark to Life U-M-GE Transportation Partnership Improves Aircraft Engine Design Consortium: Paving the Road to Clean and Efficient Engines . . . . . . . . .8 S.M. Wu Manufacturing Research

  9. MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longo, Giuseppe

    MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life. Francis Bailly Physique relationship, while not being subordinated, to the analyses of the foundations of mathematics. As integral part approach for certain aspects of biology. This approach, all the while being inspired by physico-mathematical

  10. Unum Life Insurance Company of America Portland, Maine 04122

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cina, Jeff

    Unum Life Insurance Company of America Portland, Maine 04122 Election for Continuation of Coverage - A Long Term Care Mail to: Unum LTC Customer Services 2211 Congress Street Portland, Maine 04122 Services 2211 Congress Street Portland, Maine 04122-1760 How Long Will Unum Continue To Pay For Long Term

  11. Computer Viruses as Artificial Life Eugene H. Spafford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somayaji, Anil

    Computer Viruses as Artificial Life Eugene H. Spafford Department of Computer Sciences Purdue in computer viruses since they first appeared in 1981, and especially in the past few years as they have reached epidemic numbers in many per- sonal computer environments. Viruses have been written about

  12. CBE--Life Sciences Education Vol. 10, 5563, Spring 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    CBE--Life Sciences Education Vol. 10, 55­63, Spring 2011 Article Combining Peer Discussion with Instructor Explanation Increases Student Learning from In-Class Concept Questions M.K. Smith,* W.B. Wood,* K Education Initiative, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 Submitted August 18, 2010

  13. Life's What You Make: Niche Construction and Evolutionary Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormack, Jon

    organisms are able to change and adapt their environment, and potentially that of other species. Constructed and their environment; ­ The ecosystem operates and is conceptualised within the generative medium itself, for exampleLife's What You Make: Niche Construction and Evolutionary Art Jon McCormack and Oliver Bown Centre

  14. EXTENDING THE USEFUL LIFE OF OLDER MASS SPECTROMETERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, S.; Cordaro, J.; Holland, M.; Jones, V.

    2010-06-17

    Thermal ionization and gas mass spectrometers are widely used across the Department of Energy (DOE) Complex and contractor laboratories. These instruments support critical missions, where high reliability and low measurement uncertainty are essential. A growing number of these mass spectrometers are significantly older than their original design life. The reality is that manufacturers have declared many of the instrument models obsolete, with direct replacement parts and service no longer available. Some of these obsolete models do not have a next generation, commercially available replacement. Today's budget conscious economy demands for the use of creative funds management. Therefore, the ability to refurbish (or upgrade) these valuable analytical tools and extending their useful life is a cost effective option. The Savannah River Site (SRS) has the proven expertise to breathe new life into older mass spectrometers, at a significant cost savings compared to the purchase and installation of new instruments. A twenty-seven year old Finnigan MAT-261{trademark} Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TIMS), located at the SRS F/H Area Production Support Laboratory, has been successfully refurbished. Engineers from the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) fabricated and installed the new electronics. These engineers also provide continued instrument maintenance services. With electronic component drawings being DOE Property, other DOE Complex laboratories have the option to extend the life of their aged Mass Spectrometers.

  15. Minor in Plant Breeding College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Minor in Plant Breeding College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Cornell University Description of the Minor The Minor Program of Study in Plant Breeding will provide a basic understanding of crop improvement, a historical perspective of the discipline, and a sense of how plant breeding contributes

  16. University Of California, Berkeley Valley Life Sciences Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Of California, Berkeley Valley Life Sciences Building (VLSB) Building Emergency Plan Date Revised: January 2014 Prepared By: Derek Apodaca #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS I. BUILDING INFORMATION 1. Building Name 2. Building Coordinator Name 3. Alternate BC Name 4. Emergency Assembly Area Location 5

  17. Comparison of Life Cycle Emissions and Energy Consumption for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarens, Andres

    Comparison of Life Cycle Emissions and Energy Consumption for Environmentally Adapted Metalworking of environmentally adapted lubricants have been proposed in response to the environmental and health impacts/or deliver minimum quantities of lubricant in gas rather than water, with the former strategy being more

  18. Fission life-time calculation using a complex absorbing potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Scamps; Kouichi Hagino

    2015-12-28

    A comparison between the semi-classical approximation and the full quantum calculation with a complex absorbing potential is made with a model of the fission of 258Fm. The potential barrier is obtained with the constrained Skyrme HF+BCS theory. The life-time obtained by the two calculations agree with each other the difference being only by 25%.

  19. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Quantum Life: Interaction, Entanglement, and Separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Arthur

    Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Quantum Life: Interaction, Entanglement, and Separation Author(s): Eric Winsberg and Arthur Fine Reviewed work(s): Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 100, No. 2 (Feb., 2003), pp. 80-97 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3655793

  20. Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry Lorie Hamelin, Marianne Wesnæs and Henrik AND ALTERNATIVES 28 2.2.1 Reference Scenario (Scenario A) 28 2.2.2 Biogas from raw pig slurry and fibre fraction from chemical- mechanical separation (Scenario F) 29 2.2.3 Biogas from raw cow slurry and fibre

  1. NREL Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but also auxiliary systems like heating and air conditioning. These climate-control loads can reduceNREL Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range Researchers the climate-control systems of plug-in electric vehicles and the distances these vehicles can travel

  2. When life hurts, writing can help... Writing Through Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    When life hurts, writing can help... Writing Through Cancer An expressive writing program for people living with cancer Led by Sharon Bray, Ed.D. NEW SERIES BEGINS FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 2015 10 weeks of other cancer patients and survivors. We meet each week to explore and share our stories of the cancer

  3. Distribution of Protein Folds in the Three Superkingdoms of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distribution of Protein Folds in the Three Superkingdoms of Life Yuri I. Wolf,1,4 Steven E. Brenner Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 USA A sensitive protein-fold. In the completely sequenced genomes, folds could be automatically identified for 20%­30% of the proteins, with 3

  4. Penrose Life: ash and oscillators Margaret Hill1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepney, Susan

    Penrose Life: ash and oscillators Margaret Hill1 , Susan Stepney1 , and Francis Wan2 1 Department tiling grid. We in- vestigate the lifetime to stability, the final `ash' density, and the number quantitative behaviour, with shorter lifetimes, lower ash densities, and higher ocurrence of long

  5. Housing & Residence Life Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Housing & Residence Life Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Housing and Residence an Yes No Provide Housing account information necessary to allow them to make housing related payments on my behalf. Yes No Provide details of other Yes No Receive information to complete my Housing

  6. UNIVERSITY HOUSING & RESIDENCE LIFE 2015-2016 Contract Highlights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elzanowski, Marek

    UNIVERSITY HOUSING & RESIDENCE LIFE 2015-2016 Contract Highlights These contract highlights are for your convenience only. The University Housing Handbook and complete contract Terms & Conditions are available at www.pdx.edu/housing. The University Housing contract is a legally binding agreement between you

  7. Research in the College of Life and Environmental Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Research in the College of Life and Environmental Sciences www.birmingham.ac.uk/les #12;The College international challenges, including lifelong health and well being, food security, energy security, and living in this key area. Our strategy is to build around our strengths and to bridge these to cognate areas

  8. Beaming into matter and life www.cockcroft.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    Beaming into matter and life www.cockcroft.ac.uk COCKCROFT STRATEGY MAP 2014-2020 Vision Continue and train the next generation of scientists and engineers, address societal challenges in energy · Globally Unique Skills Base · Societal Impact: Energy, Environment, Health, Security Strategic Enablers

  9. 'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws By Cristina Corbin Published name and discovered the naked photos on a so-called "revenge porn" website. "I just went completely the website "End Revenge Porn" and formed the group Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), under which she

  10. Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kani

    51 Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn. 7.1. Definitions and basic concepts. 7. Then, N(t) : t 0, is a renewal process. A mathematical definition: N(t) = max{n : n i=0 Xi t, } where, ...} or continuous: [0, ). Obviously, the path of a renewal process is non-decreasing. The renewal literally means

  11. Health and Safety Responsibilities Procedures Category: Campus Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    24/04/2013 Health and Safety Responsibilities Procedures Category: Campus Life 1. LEGISLATION/ENTERPRISE AGREEMENT/POLICY SUPPORTED Health and Safety Policy Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996 2. IMPLEMENTATION PRINCIPLES 2.1. Curtin University Management

  12. Economic Disparities and Life Satisfaction in European Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    perspective is the evaluation of the effects of macro-variables that reflect the socio-economic environmentEconomic Disparities and Life Satisfaction in European Regions M. Grazia Pittau Æ Roberto Zelli Æ B.V. 2009 Abstract This paper investigates the role of economic variables in predicting regional

  13. MATH 152 -SPRING 2005 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Louis J.

    MATH 152 - SPRING 2005 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES Time: 10:10 - 11:00 Monday and Wednesday) dilling@math.utk.edu, and Lauren Wagener (Sections #57361, 57374) wagener@math.utk.edu. Course web page: http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/math152.html This course, a continuation of Math 151, will provide

  14. MATH 151 -FALL 2006 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Louis J.

    MATH 151 - FALL 2006 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES Time: 10:10 - 11:00 Monday and Wednesday. Phone: 974-4295 Email: gross@tiem.utk.edu Teaching Assistants: Rachael Miller (Sections #1,2) rmiller@math.utk.edu, Lauren Wagener (Sections #3,4) wagener@math.utk.edu, and Erin Bodine (Section #5) bodine@math

  15. MATH 152 -SPRING 2004 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Louis J.

    MATH 152 - SPRING 2004 MATHEMATICS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES Time: 10:10 - 11:00 Monday and Wednesday) gipson@math.utk.edu, and Kristin Gooch (Sections #57055, 57097, 57042) gooch@math.utk.edu. Course web page: http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/math152.html This course, a continuation of Math 151, will provide

  16. SPECIAL FEATURE FORUM THE TREE OF LIFE IN ECOSYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    SPECIAL FEATURE ­ FORUM THE TREE OF LIFE IN ECOSYSTEMS The world-wide `fast­slow' plant economics, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia Summary 1. The leaf economics spectrum (LES) provides a useful framework described, involved only two key resources (carbon and nutrients) and one of three economically important

  17. Comparative Life-Cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    near projected levels, the average wellhead price of natural gas peaked at $11/Mcf in October 2005 (6Comparative Life-Cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural Gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity States' natural gas (NG) demand for electricity generation will increase. Estimates also suggest that NG

  18. Life After Fresh Kills: Moving Beyond New York City's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Life After Fresh Kills: Moving Beyond New York City's Current Waste Management Plan Policy and environmental experts from the New York region. A research project of Columbia University's Earth Institute of Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs, the report examines New York City's current waste

  19. Visually Exploring Social Participation in Encyclopedia of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    of collaborative efforts such as citizen science projects. It has been widely accepted by social network analysts citizen science web platform called the Encyclopedia of Life using dynamic network visualization methods of other members. I. INTRODUCTION Citizen science is a collaborative effort involving members of the public

  20. Maximizing Battery Life Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    Maximizing Battery Life Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Weifa Liang Department of Computer Abstract--Most wireless ad hoc networks consist of mobile devices which operate on batteries. Power con, for an ad hoc network consisting of the same type of battery mobile nodes, two approximation algorithms

  1. Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2009-01-01

    Bus Life?cycle Inventory  New York City Metro Life?cycle Rail Life?cycle Inventory  New York City Commuter Rail Life?Horvath    Page 44  6.10 New York City Metro Life­cycle 

  2. Chamber Design for the Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) Engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Latkowski, J F; Abbott, R P; Aceves, S; Anklam, T; Badders, D; Cook, A W; DeMuth, J; Divol, L; El-Dasher, B; Farmer, J C; Flowers, D; Fratoni, M; ONeil, R G; Heltemes, T; Kane, J; Kramer, K J; Kramer, R; Lafuente, A; Loosmore, G A; Morris, K R; Moses, G A; Olson, B; Pantano, C; Reyes, S; Rhodes, M; Roe, K; Sawicki, R; Scott, H; Spaeth, M; Tabak, M; Wilks, S

    2010-11-30

    The Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) concept is being designed to operate as either a pure fusion or hybrid fusion-fission system. The present work focuses on the pure fusion option. A key component of a LIFE engine is the fusion chamber subsystem. It must absorb the fusion energy, produce fusion fuel to replace that burned in previous targets, and enable both target and laser beam transport to the ignition point. The chamber system also must mitigate target emissions, including ions, x-rays and neutrons and reset itself to enable operation at 10-15 Hz. Finally, the chamber must offer a high level of availability, which implies both a reasonable lifetime and the ability to rapidly replace damaged components. An integrated design that meets all of these requirements is described herein.

  3. Prognostics and Life Beyond 60 for Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard J. Bond; Pradeep Ramuhalli; Magdy S. Tawfik; Nancy J. Lybeck

    2011-06-01

    Safe, secure, reliable and sustainable energy supply is vital for advanced and industrialized life styles. To meet growing energy demand there is interest in longer term operation (LTO) for the existing nuclear power plant fleet and enhancing capabilities in new build. There is increasing use of condition based maintenance (CBM) for active components and periodic in service inspection (ISI) for passive systems: there is growing interest in deploying on-line monitoring. Opportunities exist to move beyond monitoring and diagnosis based on pattern recognition and anomaly detection to and prognostics with the ability to provide an estimate of remaining useful life (RUL). The adoption of digital I&C systems provides a framework within which added functionality including on-line monitoring can be deployed, and used to maintain and even potentially enhance safety, while at the same time improving planning and reducing both operations and maintenance costs.

  4. Life Extension of a Nuclear Facility: Export Control Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerschner, Harrison F.; Cunningham, Julia A.; Sportelli, James M.; Yarbro, Steve; Bedell, Jeffrey J.

    2010-04-11

    This paper discusses life extension upgrades to an operational nuclear research facility and identifies export control implications. The Department of Energy (DOE) is engaged in a multi-year program of deactivating and decommissioning (D&D) the majority of the Hanford Site 300 Area facilities. In 2006, the DOE decided to retain the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL), which was on the D&D list. As part of the facility life-extension to ensure continued mission capability, the DOE decided to consolidate replacement hot cell capability into the RPL. Physical limitations within the facility dictated that new hot cell design and construction would be modularized—a process that allows for ease of fabrication and introduction into existing space. A review of the fabrication and installation techniques has identified potential export control issues.

  5. LIFE: The Case for Early Commercialization of Fusion Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anklam, T; Simon, A J; Powers, S; Meier, W R

    2010-11-30

    This paper presents the case for early commercialization of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE). Results taken from systems modeling of the US electrical generating enterprise quantify the benefits of fusion energy in terms of carbon emission, nuclear waste and plutonium production avoidance. Sensitivity of benefits-gained to timing of market-entry is presented. These results show the importance of achieving market entry in the 2030 time frame. Economic modeling results show that fusion energy can be competitive with other low-carbon energy sources. The paper concludes with a description of the LIFE commercialization path. It proposes constructing a demonstration facility capable of continuous fusion operations within 10 to 15 years. This facility will qualify the processes and materials needed for a commercial fusion power plant.

  6. Prolongation technologies for campaign life of tall oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doko, Yoshiji; Saji, Takafumi; Kitayama, Yoshiteru; Yoshida, Shuhei [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Kashima, Ibaraki (Japan). Kashima Steel Works

    1997-12-31

    In Kashima Steel Works, 25-year-old 7-meter-high coke ovens have damage on their walls. However, by using new methods of internal in-situ investigation, ceramic welding for the extended central and upper portions of coke ovens has prolonged the campaign life for over 40 years without large-scale hot repair. In this paper, introduction of these new methods, its application in Kashima and the policy of repairing the tall coke oven are reported.

  7. Notes of the Life-Cycle of Herpetomonas Drosophilae, sp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medes, Grace

    1913-06-05

    for an hour. Smears were also prepared by killing with corrosive sublimate and fixing with Bouin's fluid. Perhaps the most satisfactory stain for nuclear structure was Haidenhainfs haemotoxylin destained with iron alum. Delafieldfs haemoloxylin and Haem... of non-sanguivorous insects, including house flies, Pyconogonum, Bombyx, and some plants, while Herpetomonas may be retained as a provisional name for a large form with a peculiar flagellar apparatus and a 10 complicated life history described...

  8. Methodology for predicting asphalt concrete overlay life against reflection cracking 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayawickrama, Priyantha Warnasuriya

    1985-01-01

    METHODOLOGY FOR PREDICTING ASPHALT CONCRETE OVERLAY Lr 8 AGAINST REFLECTION CRACKING A Thesis by PRIYANTHA NARNASURIYA JAYAWICKRAMA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in Partial fulfillment of the requirements.... Experimental investigations carried out at Ohio State University ( 1, 2, 3) and Texas A8M University ( 4, 5, 6 ) have verified the applicability of fracture mechanics principles in predicting fatigue life of asphalt TIP OF THE CRACX /~ // N/i OVERLAY OLD...

  9. USING CONDITION MONITORING TO PREDICT REMAINING LIFE OF ELECTRIC CABLES.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LOFARO,R.; SOO,P.; VILLARAN,M.; GROVE,E.

    2001-03-29

    Electric cables are passive components used extensively throughout nuclear power stations to perform numerous safety and non-safety functions. It is known that the polymers commonly used to insulate the conductors on these cables can degrade with time; the rate of degradation being dependent on the severity of the conditions in which the cables operate. Cables do not receive routine maintenance and, since it can be very costly, they are not replaced on a regular basis. Therefore, to ensure their continued functional performance, it would be beneficial if condition monitoring techniques could be used to estimate the remaining useful life of these components. A great deal of research has been performed on various condition monitoring techniques for use on electric cables. In a research program sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, several promising techniques were evaluated and found to provide trendable information on the condition of low-voltage electric cables. These techniques may be useful for predicting remaining life if well defined limiting values for the aging properties being measured can be determined. However, each technique has advantages and limitations that must be addressed in order to use it effectively, and the necessary limiting values are not always easy to obtain. This paper discusses how condition monitoring measurements can be used to predict the remaining useful life of electric cables. The attributes of an appropriate condition monitoring technique are presented, and the process to be used in estimating the remaining useful life of a cable is discussed along with the difficulties that must be addressed.

  10. Methods for extending the storage life of fresh beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motycka, Robert Ray

    1973-01-01

    dioxide chilling and vac- uum packaging systems or bacterial decontamination procedures when combined with carbon dioxide chill or vacuum packaging systems on the storage life and subsequent retail caselife of beef wholesale cuts. In the initial phase... to maintain satisfactory vacuum during storage. Never- theless, comparisons of wholesale ribs stored for 10 days revealed that ribs chilled with carbon dioxide had more desirable wholesale product quality attributes. However, comparisons of retail caselife...

  11. Building Life Cycle Cost Programs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels| Department of EnergyEmerging TechnologiesBuilding Life Cycle

  12. Developing High Capacity, Long Life Anodes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153DanielthroughDeterminingmanagement toLife Anodes

  13. Life-cycle analysis of shale gas and natural gas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, C.E.; Han, J.; Burnham, A.; Dunn, J.B.; Wang, M.

    2012-01-27

    The technologies and practices that have enabled the recent boom in shale gas production have also brought attention to the environmental impacts of its use. Using the current state of knowledge of the recovery, processing, and distribution of shale gas and conventional natural gas, we have estimated up-to-date, life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, we have developed distribution functions for key parameters in each pathway to examine uncertainty and identify data gaps - such as methane emissions from shale gas well completions and conventional natural gas liquid unloadings - that need to be addressed further. Our base case results show that shale gas life-cycle emissions are 6% lower than those of conventional natural gas. However, the range in values for shale and conventional gas overlap, so there is a statistical uncertainty regarding whether shale gas emissions are indeed lower than conventional gas emissions. This life-cycle analysis provides insight into the critical stages in the natural gas industry where emissions occur and where opportunities exist to reduce the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas.

  14. Gender ideology: impact on dual-career couples' role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Jennifer Jean

    2006-04-12

    -career couples. The literature clearly supports the importance of egalitarian roles for marital satisfaction and life satisfaction of dual-career couples. While researchers have studied social role strain, gender role strain, marital satisfaction, and life...

  15. Total Quality Commissioning for HVAC Systems to Assure High Performance Throughout the Whole Life Cycle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maisey, G.; Milestone, B.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) of waste heat operated vapour absorption air conditioning system (VARS) incorporated in a building cogeneration system is presented and discussed. The life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) based on present...

  16. A Life-Cycle Assessment Comparing Select Gas-to-Liquid Fuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Life-Cycle Assessment Comparing Select Gas-to-Liquid Fuels with Conventional Fuels in the Transportation Sector A Life-Cycle Assessment Comparing Select Gas-to-Liquid Fuels with...

  17. The effect of carbonation after demolition on the life cycle assessment of pavements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossick, Katelyn M

    2014-01-01

    The high contribution of CO? emissions associated with pavements has driven research to assess the life cycle of concrete versus asphalt structures and to develop a strategy to reduce the carbon footprint. The life cycle ...

  18. Life cycle assessment of materials and construction in commercial structures : variability and limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sophia Lisbeth

    2010-01-01

    Life cycle assessment has become an important tool for determining the environmental impact of materials and products. It is also useful in analyzing the impact a structure has over the course of its life cycle. The ...

  19. Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Handbook Final Version 9-30-14

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This handbook provides procedures, information, examples, and tools to develop consistent and defensible life-cycle cost estimates (LCCE) and perform appropriate life-cycle cost analyses (LCCA) for capital projects. LCC Handbook – Final, September 2014

  20. Consumer-oriented Life Cycle Assessment of Food, Goods and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher M; Kammen, Daniel M; McGrath, Daniel T

    2008-01-01

    Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA); Carnegie Mellon University:level life cycle assessment (LCA) approaches can take up tolife cycle assessment (IO-LCA) tools present a promising

  1. An Indigenous Application for Estimating Carbon footprint of academia library systems based on life cycle assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Saurabh; David Dornfeld

    2008-01-01

    Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) model”, http://www.eiolca.net/,Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of all the components of aLife Cycle Assessment (LCA), Carbon Footprint, Embodied

  2. Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order 13123 Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order 13123 Guide describes the clarification of...

  3. Study of the Fatigue Life of Steel Catenary Risers in Interaction with the Seabed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakhaee, Ali

    2011-02-22

    The fatigue life of a Steel Catenary Riser (SCR) near its touch-down zone is substantially affected by its interaction with the seabed. Hence, accurate estimate of its fatigue life requires the understanding and realistic ...

  4. Life Cycle Assessment goes to Washington : lessons from a new regulatory design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Jennifer Lynn, M. C. P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a quantitative tool that measures the bundled impact of an individual product over its entire life cycle, from "cradle-to-grave." LCA has been developed over many decades to improve industry's ...

  5. Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Handbook Final Version 9-30-14 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Handbook Final Version 9-30-14 Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Handbook Final Version 9-30-14 This handbook provides procedures, information, examples, and tools to...

  6. Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current,...

  7. FEMP Offers New eTraining Core Course on Fundamentals of Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Offers New eTraining Core Course on Fundamentals of Life Cycle Costing for Energy Conservation FEMP Offers New eTraining Core Course on Fundamentals of Life Cycle Costing for...

  8. Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life April 15, 2015 - 4:02pm Addthis Zero to 60 in under...

  9. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2015 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2015 Handbook describes the annual...

  10. Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems - Executive Summary Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems - Executive Summary This...

  11. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012 Report provides tables of present-value factors for use in the life-cycle cost analysis of capital...

  12. Life Cycle cost Analysis of Waste Heat Operated Absorption Cooling Systems for Building HVAC Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saravanan, R.; Murugavel, V.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) of waste heat operated vapour absorption air conditioning system (VARS) incorporated in a building cogeneration system is presented and discussed. The life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) based on present...

  13. MODEL 9975 LIFE EXTENSION PACKAGE 1 - FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daugherty, W.

    2011-03-04

    Life extension package LE1 (9975-03382) was instrumented and subjected to a temperature/humidity environment that bounds KAMS package storage conditions for 92 weeks. During this time, the maximum fiberboard temperature was {approx}180 F, and was established by a combination of internal heat (12 watts) and external heat ({approx}142 F). The relative humidity external to the package was maintained at 80 %RH. This package was removed from test in November 2010 after several degraded conditions were observed during a periodic examination. These conditions included degraded fiberboard (easily broken, bottom layer stuck to the drum), corrosion of the drum, and separation of the air shield from the upper fiberboard assembly. Several tests and parameters were used to characterize the package components. Results from these tests generally indicate agreement between this full-scale shipping package and small-scale laboratory tests on fiberboard and O-ring samples. These areas of agreement include the rate of fiberboard weight loss, change in fiberboard thermal conductivity, fiberboard compression strength, and O-ring compression set. In addition, this package provides an example of the extent to which moisture within the fiberboard can redistribute in the presence of a temperature gradient such as might be created by a 12 watt internal heat load. Much of the moisture near the fiberboard ID surface migrated towards the OD surface, but there was not a significant axial moisture gradient during most of the test duration. Only during the last inspection period (i.e. after 92 weeks exposure during the second phase) did enough moisture migrate to the bottom fiberboard layers to cause saturation. A side effect of moisture migration is the leaching of soluble compounds from the fiberboard. In particular, the corrosion observed on the drum appears related primarily to the leaching and concentration of chlorides. In most locations, this attack appears to be general corrosion, with shallow attack of the drum surface. The primary areas susceptible to corrosion are weld/heat-affected zones. However, one corrosion location not immediately associated with a weld was tested for, and confirmed as having, throughwall penetration. An increase in the axial gap at the top of the package is also related to the migration of moisture within the fiberboard. As moisture redistributes within the package, a majority of the fiberboard loses moisture (on average) and shrinks axially. In addition, an increased moisture content of the bottom fiberboard layers locally reduces its compression strength, leading to compaction of those layers under the weight of the package internal components. In addition to these moisture-driven phenomena, the fiberboard will shrink due to slow pyrolysis in an elevated temperature/humidity environment. Under the collective influence of these effects, the axial gap in the LE1 package increased from an initial value of 0.58 inch and exceeded the 1 inch (maximum) criterion after approximately 18 weeks conditioning. The axial gap eventually reached 1.86 inches. Despite the degradation seen in several of the package components (drum, fiberboard, shield and O-rings), the package appears to have retained sufficient integrity to meet the functional requirements for storage in KAMS. This demonstrates a degree of robustness in the package design relative to the storage environment.

  14. Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order 13123

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Guide describes the clarification of how agencies determine the life-cycle cost for investments required by Executive Order 13123.

  15. Meeting Re-use Requirements of Real-life Diagnosis Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg,.Universität

    . The contributions pertain to different tasks related to the diagnosis of real-life systems of diverse domains: FMEA

  16. Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard Jay

    2010-01-01

    liquid hydrocarbon by-product of natural gas production (NaturalGas.org, 2009). To our knowledge, the life cycle

  17. Life Cycle Assessments Confirm the Need for Hydropower and Nuclear Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gagnon, L.

    2004-10-03

    This paper discusses the use of life cycle assessments to confirm the need for hydropower and nuclear energy.

  18. Improved Die Casting Process to Preserve the Life of the Die Casting Dies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2004-11-01

    Study the combined effects of die design, proper internal cooling and efficient die lubricants on die life.

  19. LIFE Materials: Phase Formation and Transformations in Transmutation Fuel Materials for the LIFE Engine Part I - Path Forward Volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turchi, P A; Kaufman, L; Fluss, M

    2008-12-19

    The current specifications of the LLNL fusion-fission hybrid proposal, namely LIFE, impose severe constraints on materials, and in particular on the nuclear fissile or fertile nuclear fuel and its immediate environment. This constitutes the focus of the present report with special emphasis on phase formation and phase transformations of the transmutation fuel and their consequences on particle and pebble thermal, chemical, and mechanical integrities. We first review the work that has been done in recent years to improve materials properties under the Gen-IV project, and with in particular applications to HTGR and MSR, and also under GNEP and AFCI in the USA. Our goal is to assess the nuclear fuel options that currently exist together with their issues. Among the options, it is worth mentioning TRISO, IMF, and molten salts. The later option will not be discussed in details since an entire report (Volume 8 - Molten-salt Fuels) is dedicated to it. Then, in a second part, with the specific LIFE specifications in mind, the various fuel options with their most critical issues are revisited with a path forward for each of them in terms of research, both experimental and theoretical. Since LIFE is applicable to very high burn-up of various fuels, distinctions will be made depending on the mission, i.e., energy production or incineration. Finally a few conclusions are drawn in terms of the specific needs for integrated materials modeling and the in depth knowledge on time-evolution thermo-chemistry that controls and drastically affects the performance of the nuclear materials and their immediate environment. Although LIFE demands materials that very likely have not yet been fully optimized, the challenges are not insurmountable, and a well concerted experimental-modeling effort should lead to dramatic advances that should well serve other fission programs such as Gen-IV, GNEP, AFCI as well as the international fusion program, ITER.

  20. Life-history variation of a neotropical thrush challenges food limitation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    Life-history variation of a neotropical thrush challenges food limitation theory Valentina Ferretti accepted as the primary explanation for variation in clutch size and other life-history traits in birds. The importance of food limitation in life-history variation, however, was recently questioned on theoretical

  1. LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS IN MARINE FISHES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS IN MARINE FISHES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT PETER B. ADAMS1 ABSTRACT Natural selection operates at the life history level to maximize the number ofsurviving offspring. Life history characteristics will vary in consistent patterns to meet this constraint. When

  2. Does development mode organize life-history traits in the parasitoid Hymenoptera?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    Does development mode organize life-history traits in the parasitoid Hymenoptera? PETER J. MAYHEW hypothesis are assessed using life history data from 474 species of parasitoid Hymenoptera. 3. A degree-rich group of insects that share a basic life history characteris- tic: ospring develop by feeding upon

  3. Remote Sensing of Life: Polarimetric Signatures of Photosynthetic Pigments as Sensitive Biomarkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdyugina, Svetlana

    of organic compounds by reducing carbon from carbon dioxide directly or indirectly supports all life on Earth1 Remote Sensing of Life: Polarimetric Signatures of Photosynthetic Pigments as Sensitive@kis.uni-freiburg.de Running title: Remote Sensing of Life Using Polarization of Biopigments #12;2 Abstract We develop

  4. Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications by Richard J Friedman Fall 2010 #12;Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications Copyright 2010 by Richard J. Plevin #12;1 Abstract Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels

  5. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT -CENTER FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA). The information and findingsUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report JIAN SUN LIFE CYCLE which has one of the largest life cycle inventory database in North America. Assumptions and According

  6. Hazard/Risk Assessment MULTIPLE STRESSORS AND COMPLEX LIFE CYCLES: INSIGHTS FROM A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    Hazard/Risk Assessment MULTIPLE STRESSORS AND COMPLEX LIFE CYCLES: INSIGHTS FROM A POPULATION with complex life cycles, population models may be useful in understanding impacts of stressors that are unique to the habitat type (aquatic, terrestrial) and that operate at different times in the life cycle. We investigated

  7. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle AssessmentC: Life Cycle Assessment Report Thunderbird Old Arena Group Members: Dennis Fan, Sean Geyer, Hillary purposes. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was carried out on two of the event arenas built for the 2010

  8. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ the UBC LCA Project ­ which aims to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA at rob.sianchuk@gmail.com #12;2013 CIVL498 C Ian Eddy LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF THE FOREST SCIENCE CENTER This study used Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to assess the environmental performance of the University

  9. A comparative life cycle assessment of hybrid osmotic dilution desalination and established seawater desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A comparative life cycle assessment of hybrid osmotic dilution desalination and established. A comparative life cycle assessment methodology was used to differ- entiate between a novel hybrid process form 4 December 2011 Accepted 5 December 2011 Available online 13 December 2011 Keywords: Life cycle

  10. 1 Copyright 2003 by ASME IMPROVING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT BY INCLUDING SPATIAL, DYNAMIC AND PLACE-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Copyright © 2003 by ASME IMPROVING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT BY INCLUDING SPATIAL, DYNAMIC AND PLACE Drawing from the substantial body of literature on life cycle assessment / analysis (LCA), the article models is suggested as a means of improving the impact assessment phase of LCA. Keywords: Life Cycle

  11. Life Cycle Assessment of Vanier Residence in University of British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Assessment of Vanier Residence in University of British Columbia Building Performance cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted on the Vanier Residence. The LCA conducted looks into the lifeOff were used to create an LC model of the Vanier Residence. For this case study, a cradle-to-gate life

  12. Use of Life Cycle Assessment in Evaluating Solvent Recovery Alternatives in Pharmaceutical Manufacture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savelski, Mariano J.

    Use of Life Cycle Assessment in Evaluating Solvent Recovery Alternatives in Pharmaceutical and purify IPA from the process waste streams. A life cycle assessment was later conducted to measure *Savelski@rowan.edu Keywords: pharmaceutical manufacture, solvent recovery, pervaporation, life cycle

  13. Project Information Form Project Title Program for Vehicle Regulatory Reform: Assessing Life Cycle-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Program for Vehicle Regulatory Reform: Assessing Life Cycle vehicle production emissions and other life cycle emissions. Non- operation emissions are more dominant the need, effectiveness, and policy strategies for capturing life cycle vehicle emissions in LDV GHG

  14. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment: Aspenware Biodegradable Cutlery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Life Cycle Assessment: Aspenware sustainable choice (SEEDS). In this report, a life cycle assessment was performed for one specific cutlery

  15. Edinburgh Research Explorer Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Offshore Wind Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Offshore Wind Power Citation for published version: Thomson, C & Harrison, G 2015, Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Offshore Wind. 2015 #12;Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Offshore Wind Power R Camilla Thomson, Gareth P

  16. LIFE, NEW MATERIALS AND PLASMONICS Photonics and plasmonics go viral: self-assembly of hierarchical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    LIFE, NEW MATERIALS AND PLASMONICS Photonics and plasmonics go viral: self-assembly of hierarchical of a paper presented in one of the two conferences ``From Life to Life: Through New Materials and Plasmonics-performing products and at the same time unveil completely new phenomena. This review article discusses recent

  17. Applying Machine Learners to GUI Specifications in Formulating Early Life Cycle Project Estimations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boetticher, Gary D.

    to accurately estimate software projects early in the life cycle. Low estimates result in cost overruns. High1 Applying Machine Learners to GUI Specifications in Formulating Early Life Cycle Project and reliable early life cycle project estimates remains an open issue in the software engineering discipline

  18. The dynamics of interfirm networks along the industry life cycle: The case of the global video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre

    firms along the life cycle of a creative industry. We focus on three mechanisms that drive networkThe dynamics of interfirm networks along the industry life cycle: The case of the global video game, industry life cycle, proximity, creative industry, video game industry, stochastic actor-oriented model JEL

  19. A role for Computer Science in Artificial Life Richard K. Belew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belew, Richard K.

    of carbon­based, ``biological life'' (BLife) with which we have experience on this planet. In truth, however the working definition of ALife. A useful parallel can be drawn, between artificial life and artificial intelA role for Computer Science in Artificial Life Richard K. Belew Published as ``Un ruolo per la

  20. Towards Real Time Virtual Human Life Simulations Etienne de Sevin, Marcelo Kallmann and Daniel Thalmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallmann, Marcelo

    Life, Agents, Virtual Humans, Virtual Environments, Behavioral Animation, Classifier Systems, ObjectTowards Real Time Virtual Human Life Simulations Etienne de Sevin, Marcelo Kallmann and Daniel for the development of artificial virtual human life simulations. Our main goal is to have virtual human actors living

  1. Improving Smartphone Battery Life Utilizing Device-to-device Cooperative Relays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baras, John S.

    Improving Smartphone Battery Life Utilizing Device-to-device Cooperative Relays Underlaying LTE to a great extent by their short battery life. In this work, we propose a new approach to prolonging smartphone battery life. We introduce the notions of valueless and valued battery, as being the available

  2. Fluid Queue Models of Battery Life Gareth L. Jones, Peter G. Harrison, Uli Harder, Tony Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Fluid Queue Models of Battery Life Gareth L. Jones, Peter G. Harrison, Uli Harder, Tony Field-mail:{gljones,uh,ajf,pgh}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract--We investigate how a power-save mode affects the battery life of a device subject transform of the battery life's probability density function is found and inverted numerically in particular

  3. The Role of Distribution Infrastructure and Equipment in the Life-cycle Air Emissions of Liquid Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strogen, Bret

    2012-01-01

    analysis-based life-cycle assessment. ” Doctoral Thesis,International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 9(3), 161–International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 6(3), 127–

  4. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

    2008-01-01

    A. , Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerAnalysis-Based Life-cycle Assessment. Software. Carnegieframework for life cycle assessments, 1991, SETAC. [Fritz

  5. USEtox - The UNEP-SETAC toxicity model: recommended characterisation factors for human toxicity and freshwater ecotoxicity in Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenbaum, Ralph K.

    2010-01-01

    International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 13(7):532-toxic impacts in Life Cycle Assessment. Recommendations andof toxic impacts in Life Cycle Assessment. USEtox therefore

  6. LIFE vs. LWR: End of the Fuel Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J C; Blink, J A; Shaw, H F

    2008-10-02

    The worldwide energy consumption in 2003 was 421 quadrillion Btu (Quads), and included 162 quads for oil, 99 quads for natural gas, 100 quads for coal, 27 quads for nuclear energy, and 33 quads for renewable sources. The projected worldwide energy consumption for 2030 is 722 quads, corresponding to an increase of 71% over the consumption in 2003. The projected consumption for 2030 includes 239 quads for oil, 190 quads for natural gas, 196 quads for coal, 35 quads for nuclear energy, and 62 quads for renewable sources [International Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0484, Table D1 (2006) p. 133]. The current fleet of light water reactors (LRWs) provides about 20% of current U.S. electricity, and about 16% of current world electricity. The demand for electricity is expected to grow steeply in this century, as the developing world increases its standard of living. With the increasing price for oil and gasoline within the United States, as well as fear that our CO2 production may be driving intolerable global warming, there is growing pressure to move away from oil, natural gas, and coal towards nuclear energy. Although there is a clear need for nuclear energy, issues facing waste disposal have not been adequately dealt with, either domestically or internationally. Better technological approaches, with better public acceptance, are needed. Nuclear power has been criticized on both safety and waste disposal bases. The safety issues are based on the potential for plant damage and environmental effects due to either nuclear criticality excursions or loss of cooling. Redundant safety systems are used to reduce the probability and consequences of these risks for LWRs. LIFE engines are inherently subcritical, reducing the need for systems to control the fission reactivity. LIFE engines also have a fuel type that tolerates much higher temperatures than LWR fuel, and has two safety systems to remove decay heat in the event of loss of coolant or loss of coolant flow. These features of LIFE are expected to result in a more straightforward licensing process and are also expected to improve the public perception of risk from nuclear power generation, transportation of nuclear materials, and nuclear waste disposal. Waste disposal is an ongoing issue for LWRs. The conventional (once-through) LWR fuel cycle treats unburned fuel as waste, and results in the current fleet of LWRs producing about twice as much waste in their 60 years of operation as is legally permitted to be disposed of in Yucca Mountain. Advanced LWR fuel cycles would recycle the unused fuel, such that each GWe-yr of electricity generation would produce only a small waste volume compared to the conventional fuel cycle. However, the advanced LWR fuel cycle requires chemical reprocessing plants for the fuel, multiple handling of radioactive materials, and an extensive transportation network for the fuel and waste. In contrast, the LIFE engine requires only one fueling for the plant lifetime, has no chemical reprocessing, and has a single shipment of a small amount of waste per GWe-yr of electricity generation. Public perception of the nuclear option will be improved by the reduction, for LIFE engines, of the number of shipments of radioactive material per GWe-yr and the need to build multiple repositories. In addition, LIFE fuel requires neither enrichment nor reprocessing, eliminating the two most significant pathways to proliferation from commercial nuclear fuel to weapons programs.

  7. TIMELY DELIVERY OF LASER INERTIAL FUSION ENERGY (LIFE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunne, A M

    2010-11-30

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world's largest and most energetic laser system, is now operational at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. A key goal of the NIF is to demonstrate fusion ignition for the first time in the laboratory. Its flexibility allows multiple target designs (both indirect and direct drive) to be fielded, offering substantial scope for optimization of a robust target design. In this paper we discuss an approach to generating gigawatt levels of electrical power from a laser-driven source of fusion neutrons based on these demonstration experiments. This 'LIFE' concept enables rapid time-to-market for a commercial power plant, assuming success with ignition and a technology demonstration program that links directly to a facility design and construction project. The LIFE design makes use of recent advances in diode-pumped, solid-state laser technology. It adopts the paradigm of Line Replaceable Units utilized on the NIF to provide high levels of availability and maintainability and mitigate the need for advanced materials development. A demonstration LIFE plant based on these design principles is described, along with the areas of technology development required prior to plant construction. A goal-oriented, evidence-based approach has been proposed to allow LIFE power plant rollout on a time scale that meets policy imperatives and is consistent with utility planning horizons. The system-level delivery builds from our prior national investment over many decades and makes full use of the distributed capability in laser technology, the ubiquity of semiconductor diodes, high volume manufacturing markets, and U.S. capability in fusion science and nuclear engineering. The LIFE approach is based on the ignition evidence emerging from NIF and adopts a line-replaceable unit approach to ensure high plant availability and to allow evolution from available technologies and materials. Utilization of a proven physics platform for the ignition scheme is an essential component of an acceptably low-risk solution. The degree of coupling seen on NIF between driver and target performance mandates that little deviation be adopted from the NIF geometry and beamline characteristics. Similarly, the strong coupling between subsystems in an operational power plant mandates that a self-consistent solution be established via an integrated facility delivery project. The benefits of separability of the subsystems within an IFE plant (driver, chamber, targets, etc.) emerge in the operational phase of a power plant rather than in its developmental phase. An optimized roadmap for IFE delivery needs to account for this to avoid nugatory effort and inconsistent solutions. For LIFE, a system design has been established that could lead to an operating power plant by the mid-2020s, drawing from an integrated subsystem development program to demonstrate the required technology readiness on a time scale compatible with the construction plan. Much technical development work still remains, as does alignment of key stakeholder groups to this newly emerging development option. If the required timeline is to be met, then preparation of a viable program is required alongside the demonstration of ignition on NIF. This will enable timely analysis of the technical and economic case and establishment of the appropriate delivery partnership.

  8. Going with the flow: Life cycle costing for industrial pumpingsystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tutterow, Vestal; Hovstadius, Gunnar; McKane, Aimee

    2002-07-08

    Industries worldwide depend upon pumping systems for theirdaily operation. These systems account for nearly 20 percent of theworld's industrial electrical energy demand and range from 25-50 percentof the energy usage in certain industrial plant operations. Purchasedecisions for a pump and its related system components are typicallybased upon a low bid, rather than the cost to operate the system over itslifetime. Additionally, plant facilities personnel are typically focussedon maintaining existing pumping system reliability rather than optimizingthe systems for best energy efficiency. To ensure the lowest energy andmaintenance costs, equipment life, and other benefits, the systemcomponents must be carefully matched to each other, and remain sothroughout their working lives. Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis is a toolthat can help companies minimize costs and maximize energy efficiency formany types of systems, including pumping systems. Increasing industryawareness of the total cost of pumping system ownership through lifecycle cost analysis is a goal of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Thispaper will discuss what DOE and its industry partners are doing to createthis awareness. A guide book, Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCCAnalysis for Pumping Systems, developed by the Hydraulic Institute (HI)and Europump (two pump manufacturer trade associations) with DOEinvolvement, will be overviewed. This guide book is the result of thediligent efforts of many members of both associations, and has beenreviewed by a group of industrial end-users. The HI/Europump Guideprovides detailed guidance on the design and maintenance of pumpingsystems to minimize the cost of ownership, as well as LCC analysis. DOE,Hydraulic Institute, and other organizations' efforts to promote LCCanalysis, such as pump manufacturers adopting LCC analysis as a marketingstrategy, will be highlighted and a relevant case studyprovided.

  9. Past, Present and Future Life in Tibetan Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rinpoche, Trogawa

    1993-01-01

    , PRESENT AND FUTURE LIFE IN TIBETAN MEDICINE ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION OF TIBETAN fi as in . onions' n as in 'ring' c as in 'church' ts as in 'rats' tsh as in 'cats' home' ch as in 'church hall' j as in 'jungle' dz as in 'lads' z as in 'rose' bul... that he is in the process of dying. These may 42 normally occur during the disease, but in some cases may occur before he falls i' c. There are six types or categories of dream in this context. The third presage of dying is the change in the aspect...

  10. Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Despite the ever-growing body of life cycle assessment literature on electricity generation technologies, inconsistent methods and assumptions hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Synthesis of the body of previous research is necessary to generate robust results to assess and compare environmental performance of different energy technologies for the benefit of policy makers, managers, investors, and citizens. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory initiated the LCA Harmonization Project in an effort to rigorously leverage the numerous individual studies to develop collective insights.

  11. Senescence in Organisms with Clonal Reproduction and Complex Life Histories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orive, Maria E.

    1995-01-01

    . The evolution of senescence has occupied a central role in life-history theory because of an apparent contradiction: Why should natural selection act to de- crease an organism's ability to survive? The majority of work on this question has dealt... with organisms exhibiting simple age structure (see, e.g., Charlesworth 1980; Finch 1990; Rose 1991; Stearns 1992). In the theory of age-structured popu- lations, a weakening of selection in older age-groups is expected owing to the decreased proportional...

  12. Evaluation of plant life extension modifications; A condenser retubing example

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.J.; Kostyk, D.A.; Franceschinis, R.D. (Fluor Daniel, Inc., Chicago, IL (US))

    1989-01-01

    An integral part of plant life extension programs is the development of an implementation plan for the modifications identified during the study phase. A systematic approach for evaluating these modifications and making timing decisions is needed. A methodology must be used to identify and quantify important factors and assign economic parameters to these factors to provide a common basis for an overall evaluation. The development of a cash flow schedule from this analysis provides the technique for quantifying the total value of a modification and also can be used to determine the effect of installation timing. To illustrate this evaluation methodology, a condenser retubing example is presented.

  13. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luigi Lella; Ignazio Licata

    2007-05-08

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  14. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lella, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Life at Sandia: People and Culture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygenLaboratoryInnovation PortalHiring Process Thank youLife

  16. Building Life-Cycle Cost (BLCC) Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossenceBrunswick, Maine: EnergyGHGs NationalLife-Cycle Cost

  17. DOE ESPC Life of Contract Plan Template | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigerators | Department ofEnergy 4E-GovernmentLife of

  18. Life Cycle Assessment of Coal-fired Power Production

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street LightingFrom theHighI _s - s iLessons fromLife

  19. Patent: Long life lithium batteries with stabilized electrodes | DOEpatents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding access toSmall Reactor for Deep SpaceConditioningprimaryLong life

  20. Work & Life at Munich | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in the7 Table7Work & Life at

  1. Work & Life at Niskayuna | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in the7 Table7Work & Life

  2. Work & Life at Rio de Janeiro | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in the7 Table7Work & LifeWork

  3. Friendships for life | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming Upgrades toFreezingHSA BankFriendships for life

  4. Sandia National Laboratories: Locations: Albuquerque, New Mexico: Life in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque Albuquerque Housing Education Recreation Locations Life in

  5. Microbial Life on the Seafloor: Where's the Energy?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matterEnergyPublicatonsSubstances |Microbial Life on the

  6. Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A1.11 Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A1.11 Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures 24.01.01.A1.11 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL Approved: November, 2012 PROCEDURE STATEMENT The disposal of hazardous chemicals is governed by local, state, and federal

  7. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-12. 2015 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-12. © 2015 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. Human Physiological Benefits of Viewing Nature: EEG. P. Taylor, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR Abstract: Psychological and physiological benefits

  8. FIRST YEAR HOUSING REQUIREMENT POLICY PAGE 2 of 3 Residential Life; Contracted Housing Management Service Provider; Unit of Campus Life; Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    #12;FIRST YEAR HOUSING REQUIREMENT POLICY PAGE 2 of 3 Residential Life; Contracted Housing on campus in a UNLV owned or operated housing facility during their first year. Limited exceptions be submitted in writing to the UNLV Office of Housing & Residential Life, which is the sole authority

  9. Long-Life Self-Renewing Solar Reflector Stack

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Butler, Barry Lynn (Solana Beach, CA)

    1997-07-08

    A long-life solar reflector includes a solar collector substrate and a base layer bonded to a solar collector substrate. The first layer includes a first reflective layer and a first acrylic or transparent polymer layer covering the first reflective layer to prevent exposure of the first reflective layer. The reflector also includes at least one upper layer removably bonded to the first acrylic or transparent polymer layer of the base layer. The upper layer includes a second reflective layer and a second acrylic or transparent polymer layer covering the second reflective layer to prevent exposure of the second reflective layer. The upper layer may be removed from the base reflective layer to expose the base layer, thereby lengthening the useful life of the solar reflector. A method of manufacturing a solar reflector includes the steps of bonding a base layer to a solar collector substrate, wherein the base reflective layer includes a first reflective layer and a first transparent polymer or acrylic layer covering the first reflective layer; and removably bonding a first upper layer to the first transparent polymer or acrylic layer of the base layer. The first upper layer includes a second reflective layer and a second transparent polymer or acrylic layer covering the second reflective layer to prevent exposure of the second reflective layer.

  10. Life-Cycle Assessment of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philp; Puettmann, Maureen E.; Penmetsa, Venkata Kanthi; Cooper, Jerome E.

    2012-02-01

    As part ofthe Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials' Phase I life-cycle assessments ofbiofuels, lifecycle inventory burdens from the production of bio-oil were developed and compared with measures for residual fuel oil. Bio-oil feedstock was produced using whole southern pine (Pinus taeda) trees, chipped, and converted into bio-oil by fast pyrolysis. Input parameters and mass and energy balances were derived with Aspen. Mass and energy balances were input to SimaPro to determine the environmental performance of bio-oil compared with residual fuel oil as a heating fuel. Equivalent functional units of 1 MJ were used for demonstrating environmental preference in impact categories, such as fossil fuel use and global warming potential. Results showed near carbon neutrality of the bio-oil. Substituting bio-oil for residual fuel oil, based on the relative carbon emissions of the two fuels, estimated a reduction in CO2 emissions by 0.075 kg CO2 per MJ of fuel combustion or a 70 percent reduction in emission over residual fuel oil. The bio-oil production life-cycle stage consumed 92 percent of the total cradle-to-grave energy requirements, while feedstock collection, preparation, and transportation consumed 4 percent each. This model provides a framework to better understand the major factors affecting greenhouse gas emissions related to bio-oil production and conversion to boiler fuel during fast pyrolysis.

  11. 9975 SHIPPING PACKAGE LIFE EXTENSION SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM RESULTS SUMMARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, K.; Daugherty, W.; Hackney, B.; Hoffman, E.; Skidmore, E.

    2011-05-27

    Results from the 9975 shipping package Storage and Surveillance Program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) are summarized for justification to extend the life of the 9975 packages currently stored in the K-Area Complex (KAC). This justification is established with the stipulation that surveillance activities will continue throughout the extended time to ensure the continued integrity of the 9975 materials of construction and to further understand the currently identified degradation mechanisms. The 10 year storage life justification was developed prior to storage. A subsequent report was later used to validate the qualification of the 9975 shipping packages for 10 years in storage. However the qualification for the storage period was provided by the monitoring requirements of the 9975 Storage and Surveillance Program. This report summarizes efforts to determine a new safe storage limit for the 9975 shipping package based on the surveillance data collected since 2005 when the 9975 Storage and Surveillance Program began. The Program has demonstrated that the 9975 package has a robust design that can perform under a variety of conditions. The primary emphasis of the on-going 9975 Storage and Surveillance Program is an aging study of the 9975 Viton{reg_sign} containment vessel O-rings and the Celotex{reg_sign} fiberboard thermal insulation at bounding conditions of radiation, elevated temperatures and/or elevated humidity.

  12. Preliminary studies to determine the shelf life of HEPA filters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilbert, H.; Fretthold, J.K.; Rainer, F.; Bergman, W.; Beason, D.

    1994-07-18

    We have completed a preliminary study using filter media tests and filter qualification tests to investigate the effect of shelf-life on HEPA filter performance. Our media studies showed that the tensile strength decreased with age, but the data were not sufficient to establish a shelf-life. Thermogravimetric analyses demonstrated that one manufacturer had media with low tensile strength due to insufficient binder. The filter qualification tests (heated air and overpressure) conducted on different aged filters showed that filter age is not the primary factor affecting filter performance; materials and the construction design have a greater effect. An unexpected finding of our study was that sub-standard HEPA filters have been installed in DOE facilities despite existing regulations and filter qualification tests. We found that the filter with low tensile strength failed the overpressure test. The same filter had passed the heated air test, but left the filter so structurally weak, it was prone to blowout. We recommend that DOE initiate a filter qualification program to prevent this occurrence.

  13. Environmentally Clean Mitigation of Undesirable Plant Life Using Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubenchik, A M; McGrann, T J; Yamamoto, R M; Parker, J M

    2009-07-01

    This concept comprises a method for environmentally clean destruction of undesirable plant life using visible or infrared radiation. We believe that during the blossom stage, plant life is very sensitive to electromagnetic radiation, with an enhanced sensitivity to specific spectral ranges. Small doses of irradiation can arrest further plant growth, cause flower destruction or promote plant death. Surrounding plants, which are not in the blossoming stage, should not be affected. Our proposed mechanism to initiate this effect is radiation produced by a laser. Tender parts of the blossom possess enhanced absorptivity in some spectral ranges. This absorption can increase the local tissue temperature by several degrees, which is sufficient to induce bio-tissue damage. In some instances, the radiation may actually stimulate plant growth, as an alternative for use in increased crop production. This would be dependent on factors such as plant type, the wavelength of the laser radiation being used and the amount of the radiation dose. Practical, economically viable realization of this concept is possible today with the advent of high efficiency, compact and powerful laser diodes. The laser diodes provide an efficient, environmentally clean source of radiation at a variety of power levels and radiation wavelengths. Figure 1 shows the overall concept, with the laser diodes mounted on a movable platform, traversing and directing the laser radiation over a field of opium poppies.

  14. Controlling RPV embrittlement through wet annealing in support of life attainment and life extension decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasikov, E. A.

    2012-07-01

    As a main barrier against radioactivity outlet reactor pressure vessel (RPV) is a key component in terms of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. Therefore present-day demands in RPV reliability enhance have to be met by all possible actions for RPV in-service embrittlement mitigation. Annealing treatment is known to be the effective measure to restore the RPV metal properties deteriorated by neutron irradiation. Low temperature 'wet' annealing at a maximum coolant temperature which can be obtained using the reactor core or primary circuit pumps, although it cannot be expected to produce complete recovery, is more attractive from the practical point of view especially in cases when the removal of the internals is impossible. As a rule there is no recovery effect up to annealing and irradiation temperature difference of 70 deg. C. It is known, however, that along with radiation embrittlement neutron irradiation may mitigate the radiation damage in metals. Therefore we have tried to test the possibility to use the effect of radiation-induced ductilization in 'wet' annealing technology by means of nuclear heat utilization as heat and neutron irradiation sources at once. In support of the above-mentioned conception the 3-year duration reactor experiment on 15Cr3NiMoV type steel with preliminary irradiation at operating Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) at 270 deg. C and following extra irradiation (87 h at 330 deg. C) at IR-8 test reactor was fulfilled. In fact, embrittlement was partly suppressed up to value equivalent to 1,5 fold neutron fluence decrease. The degree of recovery in case of radiation enhanced annealing is equal to 27% whereas furnace annealing results in zero effect under existing conditions. Mechanism of the radiation-induced damage mitigation is proposed. It is hoped that 'wet' annealing technology will help provide a better management of the RPV degradation as a factor affecting the lifetime of nuclear power plants which, together with associated management methods, will help facilitate safe and economic long-term operation of PWRs. (authors)

  15. An Energy Based Fatigue Life Prediction Framework for In-Service Structural Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. Ozaltun; M. H.H. Shen; T. George; C. Cross

    2011-06-01

    An energy based fatigue life prediction framework has been developed for calculation of remaining fatigue life of in service gas turbine materials. The purpose of the life prediction framework is to account aging effect caused by cyclic loadings on fatigue strength of gas turbine engines structural components which are usually designed for very long life. Previous studies indicate the total strain energy dissipated during a monotonic fracture process and a cyclic process is a material property that can be determined by measuring the area underneath the monotonic true stress-strain curve and the sum of the area within each hysteresis loop in the cyclic process, respectively. The energy-based fatigue life prediction framework consists of the following entities: (1) development of a testing procedure to achieve plastic energy dissipation per life cycle and (2) incorporation of an energy-based fatigue life calculation scheme to determine the remaining fatigue life of in-service gas turbine materials. The accuracy of the remaining fatigue life prediction method was verified by comparison between model approximation and experimental results of Aluminum 6061-T6. The comparison shows promising agreement, thus validating the capability of the framework to produce accurate fatigue life prediction.

  16. Otherworldly Sprites May Signal Alien Life : Discovery News http://news.discovery.com/space/otherworldly-sprites-may-signal-alien-life-111123.html[2-12-2011 12:29:11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Ute

    Otherworldly Sprites May Signal Alien Life : Discovery News http://news.discovery.com/space/otherworldly-sprites-may-signal-alien-life-111123.html[2-12-2011 12:29:11] OTHERWORLDLY SPRITES MAY SIGNAL ALIEN LIFE 88 Tweet WATCH VIDEO Sprites May Signal Alien Life Enigmatic and exotic, sprites are large electrical discharges that flash

  17. FY 1996 solid waste integrated life-cycle forecast characteristics summary. Volumes 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, K.J.

    1996-05-23

    For the past six years, a waste volume forecast has been collected annually from onsite and offsite generators that currently ship or are planning to ship solid waste to the Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Central Waste Complex (CWC). This document provides a description of the physical waste forms, hazardous waste constituents, and radionuclides of the waste expected to be shipped to the CWC from 1996 through the remaining life cycle of the Hanford Site (assumed to extend to 2070). In previous years, forecast data has been reported for a 30-year time period; however, the life-cycle approach was adopted this year to maintain consistency with FY 1996 Multi-Year Program Plans. This document is a companion report to two previous reports: the more detailed report on waste volumes, WHC-EP-0900, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Volume Summary and the report on expected containers, WHC-EP-0903, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Container Summary. All three documents are based on data gathered during the FY 1995 data call and verified as of January, 1996. These documents are intended to be used in conjunction with other solid waste planning documents as references for short and long-term planning of the WHC Solid Waste Disposal Division`s treatment, storage, and disposal activities over the next several decades. This document focuses on two main characteristics: the physical waste forms and hazardous waste constituents of low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and transuranic waste (both non-mixed and mixed) (TRU(M)). The major generators for each waste category and waste characteristic are also discussed. The characteristics of low-level waste (LLW) are described in Appendix A. In addition, information on radionuclides present in the waste is provided in Appendix B. The FY 1996 forecast data indicate that about 100,900 cubic meters of LLMW and TRU(M) waste is expected to be received at the CWC over the remaining life cycle of the site. Based on ranges provided by the waste generators, this baseline volume could fluctuate between a minimum of about 59,720 cubic meters and a maximum of about 152,170 cubic meters. The range is primarily due to uncertainties associated with the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) program, including uncertainties regarding retrieval of long-length equipment, scheduling, and tank retrieval technologies.

  18. LIFE Materails: Molten-Salt Fuels Volume 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moir, R; Brown, N; Caro, A; Farmer, J; Halsey, W; Kaufman, L; Kramer, K; Latkowski, J; Powers, J; Shaw, H; Turchi, P

    2008-12-11

    The goals of the Laser Inertial Fusion Fission Energy (LIFE) is to use fusion neutrons to fission materials with no enrichment and minimum processing and have greatly reduced wastes that are not of interest to making weapons. Fusion yields expected to be achieved in NIF a few times per day are called for with a high reliable shot rate of about 15 per second. We have found that the version of LIFE using TRISO fuel discussed in other volumes of this series can be modified by replacing the molten-flibe-cooled TRISO fuel zone with a molten salt in which the same actinides present in the TRISO particles are dissolved in the molten salt. Molten salts have the advantage that they are not subject to radiation damage, and hence overcome the radiation damage effects that may limit the lifetime of solid fuels such as TRISO-containing pebbles. This molten salt is pumped through the LIFE blanket, out to a heat exchanger and back into the blanket. To mitigate corrosion, steel structures in contact with the molten salt would be plated with tungsten or nickel. The salt will be processed during operation to remove certain fission products (volatile and noble and semi-noble fission products), impurities and corrosion products. In this way neutron absorbers (fission products) are removed and neutronics performance of the molten salt is somewhat better than that of the TRISO fuel case owing to the reduced parasitic absorption. In addition, the production of Pu and rare-earth elements (REE) causes these elements to build up in the salt, and leads to a requirement for a process to remove the REE during operation to insure that the solubility of a mixed (Pu,REE)F3 solid solution is not exceeded anywhere in the molten salt system. Removal of the REE will further enhance the neutronics performance. With molten salt fuels, the plant would need to be safeguarded because materials of interest for weapons are produced and could potentially be removed.

  19. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment of Chemistry Building North Block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ the UBC LCA Project ­ which aims to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA at rob.sianchuk@gmail.com #12;Running head: Life Cycle Assessment of Chemistry Building North Block CIVL 498 ­ Life Cycle Assess Life Cycle Assessment of Chemistry Building North Block Minge Weng November 18

  20. Life-Cycle Civil Engineering Biondini & Frangopol (eds) 2008 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-46857-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepech, Michael D.

    , ISBN 978-0-415-46857-2 An integrated life cycle assessment and life cycle analysis model for pavement cycle assessment and life cycle cost analysis model was developed to calculate the environmental impacts adopted as a framework for designing and constructing pave- ment systems. Life cycle assessment (LCA

  1. Astronomy 141 Life in the Universe Syllabus for Autumn Quarter 2008 Prof. Gaudi Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    of Mars and the search for life on Mars; life on the moons of Jupiter; life elsewhere in the Solar System, Mars and Venus. Unit 4: Life in the Universe Lectures 19-26: Stars: masses, luminosities, temperatures and colonization, the Fermi Paradox and the rare earth hypothesis. Unit 5: Death in the Universe Lecture 27

  2. Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ditty, Jayna L.; Kvaal, Christopher A.; Goodner, Brad; Freyermuth, Sharyn K.; Bailey, Cheryl; Britton, Robert A.; Gordon, Stuart G.; Heinhorst, Sabine; Reed, Kelynne; Xu, Zhaohui; Sanders-Lorenz, Erin R.; Axen, Seth; Kim, Edwin; Johns, Mitrick; Scott, Kathleen; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.

    2011-08-01

    Undergraduate life sciences education needs an overhaul, as clearly described in the National Research Council of the National Academies publication BIO 2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists. Among BIO 2010's top recommendations is the need to involve students in working with real data and tools that reflect the nature of life sciences research in the 21st century. Education research studies support the importance of utilizing primary literature, designing and implementing experiments, and analyzing results in the context of a bona fide scientific question in cultivating the analytical skills necessary to become a scientist. Incorporating these basic scientific methodologies in undergraduate education leads to increased undergraduate and post-graduate retention in the sciences. Toward this end, many undergraduate teaching organizations offer training and suggestions for faculty to update and improve their teaching approaches to help students learn as scientists, through design and discovery (e.g., Council of Undergraduate Research [www.cur.org] and Project Kaleidoscope [www.pkal.org]). With the advent of genome sequencing and bioinformatics, many scientists now formulate biological questions and interpret research results in the context of genomic information. Just as the use of bioinformatic tools and databases changed the way scientists investigate problems, it must change how scientists teach to create new opportunities for students to gain experiences reflecting the influence of genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics on modern life sciences research. Educators have responded by incorporating bioinformatics into diverse life science curricula. While these published exercises in, and guidelines for, bioinformatics curricula are helpful and inspirational, faculty new to the area of bioinformatics inevitably need training in the theoretical underpinnings of the algorithms. Moreover, effectively integrating bioinformatics into courses or independent research projects requires infrastructure for organizing and assessing student work. Here, we present a new platform for faculty to keep current with the rapidly changing field of bioinformatics, the Integrated Microbial Genomes Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (IMG-ACT). It was developed by instructors from both research-intensive and predominately undergraduate institutions in collaboration with the Department of Energy-Joint Genome Institute (DOE-JGI) as a means to innovate and update undergraduate education and faculty development. The IMG-ACT program provides a cadre of tools, including access to a clearinghouse of genome sequences, bioinformatics databases, data storage, instructor course management, and student notebooks for organizing the results of their bioinformatic investigations. In the process, IMG-ACT makes it feasible to provide undergraduate research opportunities to a greater number and diversity of students, in contrast to the traditional mentor-to-student apprenticeship model for undergraduate research, which can be too expensive and time-consuming to provide for every undergraduate. The IMG-ACT serves as the hub for the network of faculty and students that use the system for microbial genome analysis. Open access of the IMG-ACT infrastructure to participating schools ensures that all types of higher education institutions can utilize it. With the infrastructure in place, faculty can focus their efforts on the pedagogy of bioinformatics, involvement of students in research, and use of this tool for their own research agenda. What the original faculty members of the IMG-ACT development team present here is an overview of how the IMG-ACT program has affected our development in terms of teaching and research with the hopes that it will inspire more faculty to get involved.

  3. Archaeopteryx: Bringing the Dino-Bird to Life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergmann, Uwe

    2011-01-25

    Some 150 million years ago, a strange creature died in a tropical lagoon that today is located in Bavaria, Germany. In 1861, a single feather of this creature was discovered. Not long afterward, a complete fossil was found with the same bird-like feathers but dinosaur-like anatomical features. Darwin had just published 'On the Origin of Species'; could this be the missing link that Darwin's supporters hoped to find? Recently, two of the now eleven discovered Archaeopteryx fossils, and that first feather, were brought to SLAC, where, using the intense X-ray beam, researchers searched for the chemical remains of the original living creatures. Please join us for this lecture, which will explain how the studies attempt to bring the original dino-bird back to life.

  4. The Korarchaeota: Archaeal orphans representing an ancestral lineage of life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elkins, James G.; Kunin, Victor; Anderson, Iain; Barry, Kerrie; Goltsman, Eugene; Lapidus, Alla; Hedlund, Brian; Hugenholtz, Phil; Kyrpides, Nikos; Graham, David; Keller, Martin; Wanner, Gerhard; Richardson, Paul; Stetter, Karl O.

    2007-05-01

    Based on conserved cellular properties, all life on Earth can be grouped into different phyla which belong to the primary domains Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. However, tracing back their evolutionary relationships has been impeded by horizontal gene transfer and gene loss. Within the Archaea, the kingdoms Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota exhibit a profound divergence. In order to elucidate the evolution of these two major kingdoms, representatives of more deeply diverged lineages would be required. Based on their environmental small subunit ribosomal (ss RNA) sequences, the Korarchaeota had been originally suggested to have an ancestral relationship to all known Archaea although this assessment has been refuted. Here we describe the cultivation and initial characterization of the first member of the Korarchaeota, highly unusual, ultrathin filamentous cells about 0.16 {micro}m in diameter. A complete genome sequence obtained from enrichment cultures revealed an unprecedented combination of signature genes which were thought to be characteristic of either the Crenarchaeota, Euryarchaeota, or Eukarya. Cell division appears to be mediated through a FtsZ-dependent mechanism which is highly conserved throughout the Bacteria and Euryarchaeota. An rpb8 subunit of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase was identified which is absent from other Archaea and has been described as a eukaryotic signature gene. In addition, the representative organism possesses a ribosome structure typical for members of the Crenarchaeota. Based on its gene complement, this lineage likely diverged near the separation of the two major kingdoms of Archaea. Further investigations of these unique organisms may shed additional light onto the evolution of extant life.

  5. Outpatient radiographic exposure in the first five years of life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fosarelli, P.D.; DeAngelis, C.

    1987-06-01

    Young children receive a variety of diagnostic radiographs over time. In some cases the exposure to radiation may be unwarranted because the films may yield confusing results, or may also need to be repeated because of poor technical quality. Even when the results are clearly negative, the subsequent treatment may proceed as if the film had been positive because of the child's clinical condition. The cumulative effect of such low-dose radiation on infants and children over time is unknown. The number and types of outpatient radiographs received by a cohort of poor children from a hospital-based continuity clinic during their first 5 years of life were reviewed. Also noted were the reason for obtaining the film, whether it was positive for that reason or another, whether the child had a chronic condition that prompted the use of radiograph, and the child's sex, race, and age when the film was obtained. Of the 218 children, 132 (60.6%) received 349 sets of films in their first 5 years. There was no difference in the number of films by race or sex. Chest and posttrauma bone or joint films accounted for 315 sets of films or 90.3% of the total. Overall, 25.8% of the 267 chest films were positive; this varied by age. Only 15% of the chest films were positive in the first year compared with 29 to 49% in the second through fifth years (p less than 0.001). Cough was the respiratory symptom most reliably associated with a positive chest film, both for the cohort (p less than 0.0001) and for children in the first year of life (p less than 0.01).

  6. Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellweg, Stefanie

    2010-01-01

    for Life Cycle Inventories. Ecoinvent v 2.0 . 2007 http://inventory databases, e.g. Ecoinvent (55) . Further work is

  7. Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events...

  8. Post-Genomics Nanotechnology Is Gaining Momentum: Nanoproteomics and Applications in Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Weihong

    Post-Genomics Nanotechnology Is Gaining Momentum: Nanoproteomics and Applications in Life Sciences of nanotechnology applications, including nanoporous structures, functionalized nanoparticles, quantum dots

  9. FEMP Offers New eTraining Core Course on Fundamentals of Life...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) presents Fundamentals of Life Cycle Costing for Energy Conservation, a new e-Training Core Course that provides knowledge...

  10. Approximate life-cycle assessment of product concepts using learning systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousa, Inês (Maria Inês Silva Sousa), 1972-

    2002-01-01

    This thesis develops an approximate, analytically based environmental assessment method that provides fast evaluations of product concepts. Traditional life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies and their streamlined analytical ...

  11. 16.423J Space Biomedical Engineering & Life Support, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Dava J.

    Fundamentals of human performance, physiology, and life support impacting engineering design and aerospace systems. Topics include: effects of gravity on the muscle, skeletal, cardiovascular, and neurovestibular systems; ...

  12. Framework for Modeling the Uncertainty of Future Events in Life Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Fen; Simon, Rachel; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    event scenarios could alter LCA result. REFERENCES SchweimerEconomic- balance hybrid LCA extended with uncertaintyLife Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a leading technique used to

  13. Life-cycle assessment of computational logic produced from 1995 through 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; A. Horvath; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01

    a life- cycle assessment (LCA) for generic CMOS logic atover time and to allow LCA practitioners to more accuratelyarea of semiconductor LCA has included four environmental

  14. Tests with Sandia's Davis gun aid B61-12 life extension effort...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Tests with Sandia's Davis gun aid B61-12 life extension effort | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

  15. Greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels, Improving Life Cycle Assessments by taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels, Improving Life Cycle Assessments by taking into account local.......................................................................................................................................................14 Chapter 1 Biofuels, greenhouse gases and climate change 1 Introduction

  16. Going with the flow: Life cycle costing for industrial pumping systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tutterow, Vestal; Hovstadius, Gunnar; McKane, Aimee

    2002-01-01

    Costs Energy Costs Pump Maintenance Costs Other Maintenanceand Identify pumps with high maintenance costs. Since thePump Downtime Operating Energy Maintenance Figure 1. Example life cycle costs

  17. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01

    Recycled asphalt is a better aggregate than virgin aggregaterecycled at the end of a road’s life by undergoing crushing and use as an aggregate.

  18. Text-Alternative Version: CALiPER Round 7 Testing Results and SSL Product Life Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the CALiPER Round 7 Testing Results and SSL Product Life Issues webcast.

  19. Long-Term Quality of Life Improvement in Subjects with Healed Erosive Esophagitis: Treatment with Lansoprazole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovacs, Thomas O.; Freston, James W.; Haber, Marian M.; Atkinson, Stuart; Hunt, Barbara; Peura, David A.

    2010-01-01

    To investigate QOL in subjects with healed EE who receivedrecurrence of EE. Methods Subjects with healed EE receivedQuality of Life Improvement in Subjects with Healed Erosive

  20. A Long-Life, High-Rate Lithium/Sulfur Cell: A Multifaceted Approach...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Long-Life, High-Rate LithiumSulfur Cell: A Multifaceted Approach to Enhancing Cell Performance Min-Kyu Song, , Yuegang Zhang,* ,, and Elton J. Cairns* ,, The...

  1. January 10, 2010 NPR Shop | NPR Community | Login | Register home news arts & life music programs listen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Yingguang

    API Radio news U.S. World Opinion Politics Business Technology Science Health Sports arts & life Books & Profiles Music News Music Blogs Rock/Pop/Fol

  2. Text Alternative Version: Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text-alternative version of the "Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products" webcast, held March 28, 2013.

  3. Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Handbook Final Version 9-30-14 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Final Version 9-30-14 This handbook provides procedures, information, examples, and tools to develop consistent and defensible life-cycle cost estimates (LCCE) and perform...

  4. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010 Report describes the 2010 edition of energy price indices and discount factors for performing...

  5. Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santero, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    J. , Allocation of Energy Use in Petroleum Refineries toexample, the energy consumption of petroleum refineries mayLife-Cycle Energy Use and Emission Inventory of Petroleum

  6. Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Southwest Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operations/management. Of all our students, Mr. Yi-Chang Chiu, a doctoral student at UT-Austin, was selectedTransportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life enter Southwest Region to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality

  7. Long life hearth in blast furnace -- Kokura No. 2 B.F. of Sumitomo Metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamamoto, Takaiku; Sunahara, Kouhei; Inada, Takanobu; Takatani, Kouji; Miyahara, Mitsuo; Sato, Yasusi; Hatano, Yasuhiko; Takata, Kouzo

    1997-12-31

    The factors elongating hearth life of Sumitomo Kokura No. 2 B.F. were investigated by use of an estimation system of the furnace hearth condition, which consisted of four mathematical simulation models. Lowered heat load operation together with integrated design of both refractories and cooling enabled the furnace life to be extended for over 16 years without severe damage in the hearth.

  8. Portfolio Choice and Life Insurance H. Huang, M. Milevsky and J. Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Huaxiong

    Insurance We study a class of portfolio choice problems that combine life insurance and labor in- come face value of life insurance is remarkably insensitive to the family's risk aversion. KEYWORDS: Actuarial Finance, Personal Risk Management, Portfolio Theory, Hamilton- Jacobi-Bellman Equation, Similarity

  9. RESMDD'02 Radiation in Life Sciences: Hartmut F.-W. Sadrozinski , SCIPP Radiation Effects in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    for Cancer Research to induce DNA Faults #12;RESMDD'02 Radiation in Life Sciences: Hartmut F.-W. Sadrozinski Parameters to Describe Quality of Radiation · Dose & Dose Rate · Fluence & Fluence Rate · Linear EnergyVery High Repairable ?1-5Low Damage# of Ionizations (Cluster Size) LET #12;RESMDD'02 Radiation in Life

  10. URBAN FORM AND LIFE-CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION:1 CASE STUDIES AT THE CITY SCALE2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    1 URBAN FORM AND LIFE-CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION:1 CASE STUDIES AT THE CITY SCALE2 3 Brice G. Nichols it should31 be included in planning analyses. Overall, average life-cycle per-capita energy use ranges from residential and commercial sectors are affected by density.37 38 Keywords: urban energy use, city-level scale

  11. Edinburgh Research Explorer Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Onshore Wind Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Onshore Wind Power Citation. 2015 #12;Life Cycle Costs and Carbon Emissions of Onshore Wind Power R Camilla Thomson, Gareth P the economics of wind energy is vitally important to ensure a rational discussion about the role of wind power

  12. Journal of Power Sources 158 (2006) 679688 Cycle life performance of lithium-ion pouch cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    capability studies on full cells give a better understanding of the capacity fade mechanisms. 2. ExperimentalJournal of Power Sources 158 (2006) 679­688 Cycle life performance of lithium-ion pouch cells Available online 15 November 2005 Abstract Cycle life studies have been done on lithium-ion pouch cell

  13. Can sexual selection drive female life histories? A comparative study on Galliform birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooers, Arne

    Can sexual selection drive female life histories? A comparative study on Galliform birds N. KOLM to both the evolution of life histories and sexual selection. As birds show high variation in these traits system; sexual size dimorphism; supertree phylogeny; trade-off. Abstract Sexual selection has been

  14. Diversity of Life at the Geothermal Subsurface--Surface Interface: The Yellowstone Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diversity of Life at the Geothermal Subsurface--Surface Interface: The Yellowstone Example example of Yellowstone National Park indi- cate that the diversity of microbial life at the geothermal temperatures. The geothermal subsurface-surface interface in the presence of both electron donors and acceptors

  15. Life Extension Analysis and Prognostic (LEAP) Architectures FrankL. Greitzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Extension Analysis and Prognostic (LEAP) Architectures FrankL. Greitzer Study Control Number a method for predicting the remaining useful life of systems(and predicting the causeof system failure and vehicles (both ground and aircraft) are very real. Even with relatively new equipment

  16. Analysis of Hybrid Life-tests in Presence of Competing Risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    Analysis of Hybrid Life-tests in Presence of Competing Risks Debasis Kundu & Rameshwar D. Gupta or in reliability analysis, it is quite common that more than one risk factor may be present at the same time common in life-testing or reliability experiments. In this paper, we consider the competing risks model

  17. LIFE HISTORY STUDIES OF THE SANDWORM, NEREIS VIRENS SARS, IN THE SHEEPSCOT ESTUARY, MAINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIFE HISTORY STUDIES OF THE SANDWORM, NEREIS VIRENS SARS, IN THE SHEEPSCOT ESTUARY, MAINE EDWIN P of the sandworm, Nereis virens, in Maine despite their commercial importance over more than 40 years. Life history studies were performed in a flat along the Sheepscot River at Wiscasset, Maine, which was closed

  18. Design Life Level: Quantifying risk in a changing climate Holger Rootzen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    Design Life Level: Quantifying risk in a changing climate Holger Rootzen1 and Richard W. Katz2 of return levels and return periods have been standard and important tools for engineering design. However, whether local or global. In this paper, we propose a refined concept, Design Life Level, which quantifies

  19. The Effective Dimension of Asset-Liability Management Problems in Life Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crauel, Hans

    The Effective Dimension of Asset-Liability Management Problems in Life Insurance Thomas Gerstner of stochastic asset-liability manage- ment (ALM) models for life insurance policies in the last years, see, e be analysed. The results are used to support management decisions regarding, e.g., the asset allocation

  20. Knowledge for Life sciences is about natural resources and how we use them.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based economy (Bioeconomy) and Environment, health and life quality. These branches reflect the major global EnvironmEnt, hEalth and lifE quality · Foodchain monitoring and assessment FocUSingonSUSTAinAbiLiTy Do we use land and water sustainably in Sweden

  1. Physics of Life Reviews 5 (2008) 225242 www.elsevier.com/locate/plrev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lineweaver, Charles H.

    2008-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 2. The Sun is the source of Earth's free energy evolution of entropy and the gravitational origin of the free energy required by life. All dissipative". © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Entropy; Life; Free energy; Dissipative structures

  2. A Cyberinfrastructure for Integrated Monitoring and Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    A Cyberinfrastructure for Integrated Monitoring and Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines Kay Abstract. Integrating structural health monitoring into life-cycle management strategies for wind turbines data) can effectively be used to capture the operational and structural behavior of wind turbines

  3. A Computational Framework for Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines incorporating Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    , the worldwide clean energy investments, having more than doubled in the past five years, have reached a new portion is due to maintenance and operation of wind energy systems. Cost-efficient maintenance of wind turbines and reducing the life-cycle costs significantly. This paper presents a life

  4. Control Engineering Practice 14 (2006) 319326 Life extending control of boilerturbine systems via model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marquez, Horacio J.

    2006-01-01

    Control Engineering Practice 14 (2006) 319­326 Life extending control of boiler­turbine systems via Available online 24 October 2005 Abstract Boiler­turbine units constitute a critical component of a co between the life of a boiler­turbine system and control system performance. Because the boiler system

  5. High Performance Computing in the Life/Medical SciencesVirginiaBioinformaticsInstitute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    High Performance Computing in the Life/Medical SciencesVirginiaBioinformaticsInstitute 2 week in high performance computing and data intensive computing 4. basic knowledge of relational databases (i Program Dates: July 17 - 25 Application deadline is March 30, 2012 High Performance Computing in the Life

  6. Life cycle air quality impacts of conventional and alternative light-duty transportation in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlllet, Dylan B.

    Life cycle air quality impacts of conventional and alternative light-duty transportation biofuels, diesel, and compressed natural gas (CNG) in internal combustion engines; the use of electricity of hybrid EV technology. Our approach combines spatially, temporally, and chemically detailed life cycle

  7. Chip in a lab: Microfluidics for next generation life science Aaron M. Streets1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanyi

    Chip in a lab: Microfluidics for next generation life science research Aaron M. Streets1 January 2013; published online 31 January 2013) Microfluidic circuits are characterized by fluidic measurements. Microfluidic technology has thus become a powerful tool in the life science research laboratory

  8. Quality engineering process for the Program Design Phase of a generic software life cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    Quality engineering process for the Program Design Phase of a generic software life cycle Witold phase of a generic software life cycle. The presented process model aims to guide the software quality place between the program designer and the software quality engineer. The paper also discusses

  9. An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products Witold Suryn1 of the software product results from its ultimate quality seen by both acquirers and end users. An integrated life cycle quality model, further called complement model for software product quality combines high level

  10. Check Your Data Freedom: A Taxonomy to Assess Life Science Database Openness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Check Your Data Freedom: A Taxonomy to Assess Life Science Database Openness Melanie Dulong de. This research presents a taxonomy of contractual and technical restrictions applicable to databases in life to integrate facilitate innovation and how this openness can be achieved. The taxonomy describes technical

  11. Static and dynamic expression of life history traits in the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    369 Static and dynamic expression of life history traits in the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis and Environmental Sciences, Univ. of Aberdeen, Cromarty, IV11 8YJ, UK. Understanding the static and dynamic of aging and of life histories. We analyzed the statics and dynamics of reproduction and survival in a wild

  12. Collaborative Balance Your Life initiative provides resources to promote overall well-being on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    Collaborative Balance Your Life initiative provides resources to promote overall well: Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Updated: Tuesday, October 5, 2010 08:10 Tien Tien / Tufts Daily Balance Your lifestyle campaign called Balance Your Life. Ian Wong, director of health education, realized that resources

  13. Pump Life Cycle Costs: A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PUMP LIFE CYCLE COSTS: PUMP LIFE CYCLE COSTS: A GUIDE TO LCC ANALYSIS FOR PUMPING SYSTEMS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY T O F E N E R G Y DE P A R T M EN U E N I T E D S T A T S O F A E R IC A...

  14. Life Experiences and Resilience in College Students: A Relationship Influenced by Hope and Mindfulness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Amy B.

    2010-01-16

    Page Table 1 Zero-Order Correlations between Resilience, Life Events, Mindfulness, Hope, Sex, and Age ..................................................... 99 Table 2 Hierarchical Regression Analyses to Test the Moderating Role of Hope... .............................................................. 102 Figure 2 Loess Curve of Hope with Life Experiences ..................................... 103 Figure 3 Hope with Mindfulness ..................................................................... 104 Figure 4 Loess Curve of Hope...

  15. 7 Evolution When we are looking for intelligent life outside the Earth, there is a funda-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulmschneider, Peter

    organism on Earth ghts for its existence (food, light, territory, and shelter) and for its successful7 Evolution When we are looking for intelligent life outside the Earth, there is a funda- mental intelligence? As this is hotly debated, we will now describe the development of life on Earth in more detail

  16. PhD day Utrecht University Graduate School of Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    PhD day Utrecht University Graduate School of Life Sciences On April 4 2014 the first PhD Day in the Ruppert Building by the PhD Council. The day is meant for PhD candidates of the Graduate School of Life Sciences. The programme provides information about practical matters of the PhD track and the Graduate

  17. Prediction of the Fatigue Life of Cast Steel Containing Shrinkage Porosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    Prediction of the Fatigue Life of Cast Steel Containing Shrinkage Porosity RICHARD A. HARDIN and CHRISTOPH BECKERMANN A simulation methodology for predicting the fatigue life of cast steel components with shrinkage porosity is developed and validated through comparison with previously performed measure- ments

  18. University Housing & Residence Life Student Office Assistant Job Description Job Title Student Office Assistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elzanowski, Marek

    University Housing & Residence Life Student Office Assistant Job Description Job Title Student assists in staffing the University Housing and Residence Life Student Services Office (UHRL) Front Desk clerical duties as assigned. This position reports directly to the Housing Services Coordinator. Duties

  19. Ghost turns Zombie: Exploring the Life Cycle of Web-based Malware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Ghost turns Zombie: Exploring the Life Cycle of Web-based Malware Michalis Polychronakis Panayiotis- derground. In this work, we explore the life cycle of web- based malware by employing light., email: {panayiotis,niels}@google.com detecting drive-by downloads on billions of web pages. In a drive

  20. J. GUIDANCE, VOL. 23, NO. 4: ENGINEERING NOTES 759 Nonlinear Life-Extending Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    service life of a reusable rocket engine. Fatigue damage in the turbine blades is one of the most serious-extending control system for rocket engines via damage mitigation in both the fuel (H2 ) and oxidizer (O2) turbineJ. GUIDANCE, VOL. 23, NO. 4: ENGINEERING NOTES 759 Nonlinear Life-Extending Control of a Rocket

  1. Field monitoring and modeling of pavement response and service life consumption due to overweight truck traffic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Jeong-Ho

    2004-11-15

    performance with respect to both rutting and fatigue cracking. Charts to evaluate the service life of the existing pavement subjected to OTTs are established in terms of the unit service life consumed due to the rutting and fatigue cracking with the various...

  2. Implementation of Reverse Logistics in the Determination and Formulation of Product End-of-Life Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    1 Implementation of Reverse Logistics in the Determination and Formulation of Product End-of-life strategies, reverse logistics, product design. 1. INTRODUCTION Traditionally, product design and #12;2 government have to manage reverse logistics according to the existing end-of-life options

  3. Scaling Behavior of the Life Cycle Energy of Residential Buildings and Impacts on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Scaling Behavior of the Life Cycle Energy of Residential Buildings and Impacts on Greenhouse Gas required for building the structure; and 2) the operational energy required for habitation energy used for space heating and cooling during the life of the building. Similar ratios are found

  4. Fluid Mechanics Explains Cosmology, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carl H. Gibson

    2012-11-02

    Observations of the interstellar medium by the Herschel, Planck etc. infrared satellites throw doubt on standard {\\Lambda}CDMHC cosmological processes to form gravitational structures. According to the Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics (HGD) cosmology of Gibson (1996), and the quasar microlensing observations of Schild (1996), the dark matter of galaxies consists of Proto-Globular-star-Cluster (PGC) clumps of Earth-mass primordial gas planets in metastable equilibrium since PGCs began star production at 0.3 Myr by planet mergers. Dark energy and the accelerating expansion of the universe inferred from SuperNovae Ia are systematic dimming errors produced as frozen gas dark matter planets evaporate to form stars. Collisionless cold dark matter that clumps and hierarchically clusters does not exist. Clumps of PGCs began diffusion from the Milky Way Proto-Galaxy upon freezing at 14 Myr to give the Magellanic Clouds and the faint dwarf galaxies of the 10^22 m diameter baryonic dark matter Galaxy halo. The first stars persist as old globular star clusters (OGCs). Water oceans and the biological big bang occurred at 2-8 Myr. Life inevitably formed and evolved in the cosmological primordial organic soup provided by 10^80 big bang planets and their hot oceans as they gently merged to form larger binary planets and small binary stars.

  5. Multiaxial plasticity and fatigue life prediction in coiled tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tipton, S.M.

    1996-12-31

    Coiled tubing is being used increasingly in the oil well drilling and servicing industry. Continuous steel tubing of structural dimensions (up to 89 mm or 3.5 in. in diameter) is wound onto a large-diameter reel for repeated deployment into and out of a well bore. The bending strain range associated with each wrap-unwrap cycle can exceed 3% with lives well below 100 cycles. During constant internal pressure fatigue testing, tubing has been observed to grow in diameter by as much as 30%. This paper describes an analytical model to predict the fatigue behavior of coiled tubing subjected to variable pressure service conditions. The approach utilizes standard low-cycle fatigue data but requires additional experimental results from constant pressure fatigue testing. The algorithm is based on estimates of biaxial ratcheting from an incremental plasticity model using a hybrid associated flow rule, a modified kinematic hardening rule with multiple von Mises yield surfaces, and a specialized limit surface concept. An empirical damage parameter was formulated based on constant pressure fatigue data using mean and fluctuating von Mises equivalent strain components occurring throughout the life of a section of tubing. This parameters is used with the Palmgren-Miner definition of cumulative damage to track damage that is accumulating nonlinearly under constant or variable pressure histories. Modifications to standard incremental plasticity components and implementation assumptions used to apply the model are presented and discussed. The predictive capability of the model is demonstrated relative to data generated under constant and variable pressure histories.

  6. Power Systems Life Cycle Analysis Tool (Power L-CAT).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andruski, Joel; Drennen, Thomas E.

    2011-01-01

    The Power Systems L-CAT is a high-level dynamic model that calculates levelized production costs and tracks environmental performance for a range of electricity generation technologies: natural gas combined cycle (using either imported (LNGCC) or domestic natural gas (NGCC)), integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), supercritical pulverized coal (SCPC), existing pulverized coal (EXPC), nuclear, and wind. All of the fossil fuel technologies also include an option for including carbon capture and sequestration technologies (CCS). The model allows for quick sensitivity analysis on key technical and financial assumptions, such as: capital, O&M, and fuel costs; interest rates; construction time; heat rates; taxes; depreciation; and capacity factors. The fossil fuel options are based on detailed life cycle analysis reports conducted by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). For each of these technologies, NETL's detailed LCAs include consideration of five stages associated with energy production: raw material acquisition (RMA), raw material transport (RMT), energy conversion facility (ECF), product transportation and distribution (PT&D), and end user electricity consumption. The goal of the NETL studies is to compare existing and future fossil fuel technology options using a cradle-to-grave analysis. The NETL reports consider constant dollar levelized cost of delivered electricity, total plant costs, greenhouse gas emissions, criteria air pollutants, mercury (Hg) and ammonia (NH3) emissions, water withdrawal and consumption, and land use (acreage).

  7. Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    2014-06-10

    This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.

  8. Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.

  9. Genomes to Life Project Quartely Report October 2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffelfinger, Grant S.; Martino, Anthony; Rintoul, Mark Daniel; Geist, Al; Gorin, Andrey; Xu, Ying; Palenik, Brian

    2005-02-01

    This SAND report provides the technical progress through October 2004 of the Sandia-led project, %22Carbon Sequestration in Synechococcus Sp.: From Molecular Machines to Hierarchical Modeling,%22 funded by the DOE Office of Science Genomes to Life Program. Understanding, predicting, and perhaps manipulating carbon fixation in the oceans has long been a major focus of biological oceanography and has more recently been of interest to a broader audience of scientists and policy makers. It is clear that the oceanic sinks and sources of CO2 are important terms in the global environmental response to anthropogenic atmospheric inputs of CO2 and that oceanic microorganisms play a key role in this response. However, the relationship between this global phenomenon and the biochemical mechanisms of carbon fixation in these microorganisms is poorly understood. In this project, we will investigate the carbon sequestration behavior of Synechococcus Sp., an abundant marine cyanobacteria known to be important to environmental responses to carbon dioxide levels, through experimental and computational methods. This project is a combined experimental and computational effort with emphasis on developing and applying new computational tools and methods. Our experimental effort will provide the biology and data to drive the computational efforts and include significant investment in developing new experimental methods for uncovering protein partners, characterizing protein complexes, identifying new binding domains. We will also develop and apply new data measurement and statistical methods for analyzing microarray experiments. Computational tools will be essential to our efforts to discover and characterize the function of the molecular machines of Synechococcus. To this end, molecular simulation methods will be coupled with knowledge discovery from diverse biological data sets for high-throughput discovery and characterization of protein-protein complexes. In addition, we will develop a set of novel capabilities for inference of regulatory pathways in microbial genomes across multiple sources of information through the integration of computational and experimental technologies. These capabilities will be applied to Synechococcus regulatory pathways to characterize their interaction map and identify component proteins in these - 4 - pathways. We will also investigate methods for combining experimental and computational results with visualization and natural language tools to accelerate discovery of regulatory pathways. The ultimate goal of this effort is develop and apply new experimental and computational methods needed to generate a new level of understanding of how the Synechococcus genome affects carbon fixation at the global scale. Anticipated experimental and computational methods will provide ever-increasing insight about the individual elements and steps in the carbon fixation process, however relating an organism's genome to its cellular response in the presence of varying environments will require systems biology approaches. Thus a primary goal for this effort is to integrate the genomic data generated from experiments and lower level simulations with data from the existing body of literature into a whole cell model. We plan to accomplish this by developing and applying a set of tools for capturing the carbon fixation behavior of complex of Synechococcus at different levels of resolution. Finally, the explosion of data being produced by high-throughput experiments requires data analysis and models which are more computationally complex, more heterogeneous, and require coupling to ever increasing amounts of experimentally obtained data in varying formats. These challenges are unprecedented in high performance scientific computing and necessitate the development of a companion computational infrastructure to support this effort. More information about this project, including a copy of the original proposal, can be found at www.genomes-to-life.org Acknowledgment We want to gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the GTL Project Te

  10. Life-cycle analysis of alternative aviation fuels in GREET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Carter, N.; Stratton, R.; Hileman, J.; Malwitz, A.; Balasubramanian, S.

    2012-07-23

    The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, has been expanded to include well-to-wake (WTWa) analysis of aviation fuels and aircraft. This report documents the key WTWa stages and assumptions for fuels that represent alternatives to petroleum jet fuel. The aviation module in GREET consists of three spreadsheets that present detailed characterizations of well-to-pump and pump-to-wake parameters and WTWa results. By using the expanded GREET version (GREET1{_}2011), we estimate WTWa results for energy use (total, fossil, and petroleum energy) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) for (1) each unit of energy (lower heating value) consumed by the aircraft or (2) each unit of distance traveled/ payload carried by the aircraft. The fuel pathways considered in this analysis include petroleum-based jet fuel from conventional and unconventional sources (i.e., oil sands); Fisher-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel from natural gas, coal, and biomass; bio-jet fuel from fast pyrolysis of cellulosic biomass; and bio-jet fuel from vegetable and algal oils, which falls under the American Society for Testing and Materials category of hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids. For aircraft operation, we considered six passenger aircraft classes and four freight aircraft classes in this analysis. Our analysis revealed that, depending on the feedstock source, the fuel conversion technology, and the allocation or displacement credit methodology applied to co-products, alternative bio-jet fuel pathways have the potential to reduce life-cycle GHG emissions by 55-85 percent compared with conventional (petroleum-based) jet fuel. Although producing FT jet fuel from fossil feedstock sources - such as natural gas and coal - could greatly reduce dependence on crude oil, production from such sources (especially coal) produces greater WTWa GHG emissions compared with petroleum jet fuel production unless carbon management practices, such as carbon capture and storage, are used.

  11. Applying Human Factors during the SIS Life Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avery, K.

    2010-05-05

    Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are widely used in U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) nonreactor nuclear facilities for safety-critical applications. Although use of the SIS technology and computer-based digital controls, can improve performance and safety, it potentially introduces additional complexities, such as failure modes that are not readily detectable. Either automated actions or manual (operator) actions may be required to complete the safety instrumented function to place the process in a safe state or mitigate a hazard in response to an alarm or indication. DOE will issue a new standard, Application of Safety Instrumented Systems Used at DOE Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, to provide guidance for the design, procurement, installation, testing, maintenance, operation, and quality assurance of SIS used in safety significant functions at DOE nonreactor nuclear facilities. The DOE standard focuses on utilizing the process industry consensus standard, American National Standards Institute/ International Society of Automation (ANSI/ISA) 84.00.01, Functional Safety: Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry Sector, to support reliable SIS design throughout the DOE complex. SIS design must take into account human-machine interfaces and their limitations and follow good human factors engineering (HFE) practices. HFE encompasses many diverse areas (e.g., information display, user-system interaction, alarm management, operator response, control room design, and system maintainability), which affect all aspects of system development and modification. This paper presents how the HFE processes and principles apply throughout the SIS life cycle to support the design and use of SIS at DOE nonreactor nuclear facilities.

  12. 2. The logical Mechanisms of Life "The designs found in nature are nothing short of brilliant, but the process of design that generates them is utterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, Luis

    upon which biology is based beyond the carbon-chain life that has evolved on Earth, Artificial Life can organization, then the material substrate used to realize life is irrelevant. By investigating these basic principles we start studying not only biological,carbon-based,life--life

  13. The LIFE Laser Design in Context: A Comparison to the State-of-the-Art

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deri, R J; Bayramian, A J; Erlandson, A C

    2011-03-21

    The current point design for the LIFE laser leverages decades of solid-state laser development in order to achieve the performance and attributes required for inertial fusion energy. This document provides a brief comparison of the LIFE laser point design to other state-of-the-art solid-state lasers. Table I compares the attributes of the current LIFE laser point design to other systems. the state-of-the-art for single-shot performance at fusion-relevant beamline energies is exemplified by performance observed on the National Ignition Facility. The state-of-the-art for high average power is exemplified by the Northrup Grumman JHPSSL laser. Several items in Table I deal with the laser efficiency; a more detailed discussion of efficiency can be found in reference 5. The electrical-to-optical efficiency of the LIFE design exceeds that of reference 4 due to the availability of higher efficiency laser diode pumps (70% vs. {approx}50% used in reference 4). LIFE diode pumps are discussed in greater detail in reference 6. The 'beam steering' state of the art is represented by the deflection device that will be used in the LIFE laser, not a laser system. Inspection of Table I shows that most LIFE laser attributes have already been experimentally demonstrated. The two cases where the LIFE design is somewhat better than prior experimental work do not involve the development of new concepts: beamline power is increased simply by increasing aperture (as demonstrated by the power/aperture comparison in Table I), and efficiency increases are achieved by employing state-of-the-art diode pumps. In conclusion, the attributes anticipated for the LIFE laser are consistent with the demonstrated performance of existing solid-state lasers.

  14. Predicting Quality of Life Five Years Following Medical Discharge for a Traumatically-Acquired Spinal Cord Injury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erosa, Norma

    2012-10-19

    This dissertation presents the prediction of quality of life (QoL), composed of by life satisfaction and self-perceived health status, across 5 years post a spinal cord injury (SCI) hospital discharge. Predictor variables of functional independence...

  15. Our Environment in Hot Water: Comparing Water Heaters, A Life Cycle Approach Comparing Tank and Tankless Water Heaters in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Alison

    2011-01-01

    2008] [6] National Renewable Energy Laboratory. U.S. Life-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of BuildingMEEUP) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Life

  16. Recycling end-of-life vehicles of the future. Final CRADA report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jody, B. J.; Pomykala, J. A.; Spangenberger, J. S.; Daniels, E.; Energy Systems

    2010-01-14

    Argonne National Laboratory (the Contractor) entered into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the following Participants: Vehicle Recycling Partnership, LLC (VRP, which consists of General Motors [GM], Ford, and Chrysler), and the American Chemistry Council - Plastics Division (ACC-PD). The purpose of this CRADA is to provide for the effective recycling of automotive materials. The long-term goals are to (1) enable the optimum recycling of automotive materials, thereby obviating the need for legislative mandates or directives; (2) enable the recovery of automotive materials in a cost-competitive manner while meeting the performance requirements of the applications and markets for the materials; and (3) remove recycling barriers/reasons, real or perceived, to the use of advanced lightweighting materials or systems in future vehicles. The issues, technical requirements, and cost and institutional considerations in achieving that goal are complex and will require a concerted, focused, and systematic analysis, together with a technology development program. The scope and tasks of this program are derived from 'A Roadmap for Recycling End-of-Life Vehicles of the Future,' prepared in May 2001 for the DOE Office of Energy, Efficiency, and Renewable Energy (EERE)-Vehicle Technologies Program. The objective of this research program is to enable the maximum recycling of automotive materials and obsolete vehicles through the development and commercialization of technologies for the separation and recovery of materials from end-of-life vehicles (ELVs). The long-term goals are to (1) enable the optimum recycling of automotive materials, thereby obviating the need for legislative mandates or directives; (2) enable the recovery of automotive materials in a cost-competitive manner while meeting the performance requirements of the applications and markets for the materials; and (3) remove recycling barriers/reasons, real or perceived, to the use of advanced lightweighting materials or systems in future vehicles.

  17. Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

    2012-12-01

    This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

  18. Life-threatening Cerebral Edema Caused by Acute Occlusion of a Superior Vena Cava Stent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sofue, Keitaro Takeuchi, Yoshito Arai, Yasuaki; Sugimura, Kazuro

    2013-02-15

    A71-year-old man with advanced lung cancer developed a life-threatening cerebral edema caused by the acute occlusion of a superior vena cava (SVC) stent and was successfully treated by an additional stent placement. Although stent occlusion is a common early complication, no life-threatening situations have been reported until now. Our experience highlights the fact that acute stent occlusion can potentially lead to the complete venous shutdown of the SVC, resulting in life-threatening cerebral edema, after SVC stent placement. Immediate diagnosis and countermeasures are required.

  19. DOI 10.1007/s11229-011-9873-0 Negotiating boundaries in the definition of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennock, Robert T.

    · Classification · Cluster concept · Darwinian evolution · Definition of life · Digital evolution · Pluralism R. T of a game and a Darwinian insight about classification, I argue that classifying life involves both causal Darwin about the nature of biological classification. Life should be viewed as a fuzzy cluster concept

  20. Life history and behavioral responses to time constraints in a damselfly. by Frank Johansson and Locke Rowe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    Life history and behavioral responses to time constraints in a damselfly. by Frank Johansson and Locke Rowe Time constraints, imposed by seasonality, are common to life histories. Recent theory in evolutionary ecology predicts independent behavioral and life history responses to such constraints