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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism APPLICATION FORM #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary

Tradacete, Pedro

2

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi

Tradacete, Pedro

3

Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism AND RESEARCHERS IN UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (MADRID, SPAIN) AND IN RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN NORWAY in the frame of the "Improving student, researchers and artists mobility and cooperation between Spain, Norway

Tradacete, Pedro

5

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism IN UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (MADRID, SPAIN) AND IN RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN NORWAY, ICELAND of the "Improving student, researchers and artists mobility and cooperation between Spain, Norway, Iceland

Tradacete, Pedro

6

TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS A. Vitas growth of Norway spruce in Lithuania during 20th century has been conducted. Hypothesis of the study century are attributed. Keywords: air temperature, drought, Norway spruce, pointer year, precipitation

7

Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

8

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

9

Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

10

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

11

Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

12

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_hirsh Monday 5-20 Overview.ppt [Compatibility...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

13

Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

14

Liechtenstein: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone CleanLaton,LearnLeuppEnergyTurbine

15

in Luxembourg Information brochure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands,NewZealand,Norway,Panama,Paraguay,Peru, Poland,Portugal,Romania,theRussianFederation,Serbia,Slovakia, Slovenia,SouthAfrica,Spain,SriLanka,Surinam

van der Torre, Leon

16

UNIVERSITY OF LUXEMBOURG GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protection of Intellectual property rights (IPR), licensing of these IPR and the creation of spin- off) The Rectorate will draw up an annual report on the status and development of the IPR portfolio held by the UL

van der Torre, Leon

17

The University of Luxembourg at a Glance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a new home on the Belval brownfield site in the Cité des Sciences, about 20 km southwest of the capital

van der Torre, Leon

18

Luxembourg: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point, Alaska:

19

Small scale intermittency in anisotropic turbulence Wouter J.T. Bos, Lukas Liechtenstein, Kai Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the anisotropy (e.g. vor- tex tubes aligned with the rotation axis in rotating tur- bulence and horizontal vortex flatness. The anisotropy of the spatial fluctuations of the energy distribution can hereby be quantified between horizontal and vertical intermittency for stratified turbulence can be explained by an energy

Boyer, Edmond

20

Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarList ofPassiveMachineBalanceArea, California

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Medieval Female Spirituality and the Wound of Christ in Folio 331r of Bonne of Luxembourg’s Prayer Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UK: University of Exeter Press, 1998. 21-66. Margery Kempe.The Book of Margery Kempe. Trans.Staley in The Book of Margery Kempe. New York: Norton, 2001.

Walker, Paige M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET Bilaga 1 Internationell rrlighet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kroatien, Liechtenstein, Makedonien, Moldavien, Monaco, Montenegro, Norge, Ryssland, San Marino, Schweiz, Liechtenstein, Makedonien, Moldavien, Monaco, Montenegro, Norge, Ryssland, San Marino, Schweiz, Serbien, Turkiet

Flener, Pierre

23

Hitzler Towards an Intelligent World Wide Web Luxembourg March 2008 Keys for Unlocking the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2008 AIFBReaSem Slide 12/77 Application Scenario: Rolls Royce · Manufacturer of turbines and propelling devices · Rolls Royce needs solutions for the supervision of

Hitzler, Pascal

24

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Volgens de Europese wet-geving zijn alle aanbieders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Liechtenstein, Noorwegen, IJsland Zone 2: Australië, VS, Canada, Turkije, Marokko, Suriname Zone 3: Rest van de

Franssen, Michael

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - antaviliai eastern lithuania Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Glasgow Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 94 Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Summary: of biofuels for the transport sector in...

27

Travaux mathematiques, Volume 19 (2011), 125166, c Universite du Luxembourg Berezin-Toeplitz quantization and its kernel expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these expansions. Contents 1 Introduction 126 2 Quantization of K¨ahler manifolds 126 2.1 Bergman projections . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 2.6 Algebra of Toeplitz operators, Berezin-Toeplitz star-product . . . 145 2.7 Quantization geometric data of the manifold and prequantum bundle they found extensive and deep applications in the study

Ma, Xiaonan - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

28

Inferring catchment precipitation by doing hydrology backward: A test in 24 small and mesoscale catchments in Luxembourg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferring catchment precipitation by doing hydrology backward: A test in 24 small and mesoscale September 2012; published 10 October 2012. [1] The complexity of hydrological systems and the necessary simplification of models describing these systems remain major challenges in hydrological modeling. Kirchner

Kirchner, James W.

29

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

WHO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria telekanal hakkab Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria 25th june-7th Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

33

Levels of magnesium compounds of different solubility in predominant soil types in Lithuania, effects on agricultural plants.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Europe the views on the demand of magnesium by agricultural plants as well as on the need for magnesium fertilization are different. In European… (more)

Rutkauskien?, Rasa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab jamahiriya mauritius Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jamahiriya ---f- LI Liechtenstein (Principality of) --UFo LT... (Republic of) b-U-- EG Egypt (Arab Republic of) ----- SV El Salvador (Republic of) ----- GQ Equatorial... of) --uf-...

35

NETHERLANDS Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRANCE LUXEMBOURG NETHERLANDS GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City

Columbia University

36

WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO World Health Organization

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Development - Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary," "Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway,...

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - active brownian motion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Anton - Laboratoire de Mathmatiques, Universit du Luxembourg Collection: Mathematics 2 Steven R. Dunbar Department of Mathematics Summary: Stochastic Processes and...

40

Master of Science in Banking and Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Luxembourg School of Finance ­ Master of Science in Banking and Finance ­ FACULTYOFLAW School of Finance. In its seven years of existence, the University of Luxembourg has earned a place in Luxembourg's intellectual, economic and cultural life. This is particularly so in the area of finance

van der Torre, Leon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A climate of change Radoslav Dimitrov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" Liechtenstein" 20-30 percent" Monaco" 20 percent" New Zealand" 10-20 percent" Norway" 30-40 percent" Carbon-45% cuts in emissions intensity" INDIA" 20-25% cuts in emissions intensity" KOREA" 30% cuts below 1990

Baez, John

42

WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Madagascar, Malta, Montenegro*, Poland, Portugal, Serbia*,Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Montenegro and Serbia) increased taxLuxembourg . . . I Malta Montenegro Netherlands No warnings

WHO World Health Organization

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

agricultural field experiments: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rich countries, including the G-7 countries and 15 others ranging from Australia to Finland to Luxembourg to Switzerland. 9 Three especially noteworthy sets of figures show how...

44

Immigration Control in the Age of Migration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Czech Republic Denmark Finland France ix Germany GreeceCzech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Portugal Slovak Rep. Finland Malta Ireland Luxembourg Total

Wong, Tak Kei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobiles by type Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dans la socit luxembourgeoise. Ainsi, la nationalit, l'instar du type d... automobile au Grand-Duch de Luxembourg 1POPULATION & TERRITOIRE N11 Mai 2007 POPULATION &...

46

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates 4-7 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates united Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - ain-united arab emirates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

49

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates earthquakes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

50

BNY Mellon -Leading the way across the globe Manchester Metropolitan University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BNY Mellon - Leading the way across the globe Manchester Metropolitan University 2012 #12;Page 2 business Established The Bank of New York Securities Co. Japan, Ltd. Established BNY Luxembourg Acquired) Luxembourg A radical increase in product breadth and global reach Early adopters of mainframe technology 1900

51

GREEN GUIDE MAISON AM GROND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There are some good habits while cooking which can help us to reduce the energy consumption. Some good habits are the problem that the garbage collectors from the City of Luxembourg didn't want to take the garbage which with such implementation. Out team investigated and confirmed that the City of Luxembourg is collecting the organic wastes

van der Torre, Leon

52

1 | P a g e Natasha T. Dimova, Ph.D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

", Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Sofia, Bulgaria MSc in Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Advisers: Prof. Ivelin Kuleff and Dr. Evgeny Taskaev Thesis topic: Determination of plutonium of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, March ­ May, 2003 Intercomparison analysis for determination of uranium and radium

Paytan, Adina

53

Energy Conscious Scheduling Johnatan E. Pecero  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conscious Scheduling Johnatan E. Pecero University of Luxembourg January 18, 2012 Green Days of Luxembourg Friday, January 20, 2012 #12;Johnatan E. Pecero Green Approaches · Hardware approach ­ Energy, microsoft) 9 Friday, January 20, 2012 #12;Johnatan E. Pecero Green Approaches · Hardware approach ­ Energy

Lefèvre, Laurent

54

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as observers in...

55

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994. “Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania:Christensen, Paul T. 1999. Russia’s Workers in Transition:Democratisation: Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FactsheetsEnglishindicators.pdf Country: Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russia, Slovakia, Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is...

57

Essays on Political Economy of Religion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia Vote percentage Montenegro Germany Year Source:Lithuania Spain-UC Ireland Spain-LC Albania MontenegroSlovakia Montenegro Czech Republic-LC Denmark Liberal

Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

agricultural runoff contaminants: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

P.O Box 173, Kjelsaas, N-0411 Oslo, Norway 3 National Environmental-00251 Helsinki, Finland 8 Lithuania University of Agriculture, Water Management Department, 4324 Kaunas. The...

59

Washington State University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Botswana 2 41 Lebanon 5 75 United Arab Emirates 1 8 Brazil 6 42 Lithuania 3 76 United Kingdom 9 9 Canada 50

Collins, Gary S.

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - aukalnis algis kadzys Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information System? 12;Forest Products Marketing - LITHUANIA Dr. ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 2 JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

Stanley, H. Eugene

62

THE EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR MBA STUDENTS INTERNATIONAL STUDY PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, students on past programs have had opportunities to visit BMW in Munich, Roche in Basel, Nestlé in Vevey understanding of the culture and people in a German-speaking environment. This enables students to more fully, visits have included: ·BMW,Munich ·Roche,Basel ·Nestlé,Vevey ·Hilti,Liechtenstein ·Sunrise

Wu, Yih-Min

63

Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Luxembourg on 2 May 2005. Alongside European Commission President José Manuel Durão Barroso and European. President Barroso said: "I am looking forward to my first Summit meeting with Prime Minister Koizumi. EU

64

Kevoree Modeling Framework (KMF): Efficient modeling techniques for runtime use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

´ez´equel3 1 University of Luxembourg Interdisciplinary Center for Security, Reliability and Trust (Sn with a specific DSML for cloud are extensively exchanged, cloned and compared in order to manage the maintenance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States consumes more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD high-income country—30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxembourg). ...

Knittel, Christopher Roland

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Do U.S. tariff reductions explain rising wage inequality?: The case of U.S. tariffs on imports from countries having free trade agreements with the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Singapore, Australia, Peru, and South Korea. Japan has agreements with Singapore and ASEAN. China has an agreement with ASEAN (Urata and Kiyota 2003, Whalley and Leith 2003, Banda and Whalley 2005). In Europe, we have the European Free Trade Agreement... which involves Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland. South East Asian countries have concluded ASEAN Free Trade Area, which involves Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippine, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and Cambodia...

Kitaoka, Hisaya

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nordisk kernesikkerhedsforskning Norrnar kjarnryggisrannsknir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Juka Lehto (5) and Brit Salbu (6) (1) Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, DTU, Denmark (2+3) Uppsala University, Sweden (4) Institute of Physics, Lithuania (5) University of Helsinki, Finland (6

68

Subsidy schemes in EU t i M ti ti dcountries: Motivations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) - Lithuania FIT Soft loans, exemptions from pollution tax Poland TGC RES exempted from excise tax Romania TGC 2008 Fi l d Sweden United Kingdom National RE Targets Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovak Finland

69

RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

70

International Credentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithuania* 71 Uganda 110 Cuba 33 Malaysia 72 Ukraine 111 Cyprus* 34 Mexico 73 United Arab Emirates 112 Czech Republic* 35 Mongolia 74 United Kingdom* 113 Dem. Republic of Congo 36 Morocco 75 Uruguay 114 Denmark* 37

Reif, John H.

71

Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

’s treatment of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is balanced and devoid of nationalistic Jingoism or patriotic bias. His conclusions reflect general patterns in the data, neither overstating nor understating similarities and differences. Arida...

Giullian, Jon C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ukraine Yugoslavia Croatia Hungary Million m3 Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12;12 0 2 4 6 8 1990 1992.8 1 1.2 Estonia Latvia Czech Lithuania Croatia Hungary Belarus Poland Slovakia Yugoslavia Slovenia

73

IIE Transactions (2007) 39, 314 Copyright C "IIE"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports the Second Line of Defense (SLD) program of the US Department of Energy. The smuggling of nuclear Republic, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Greece and France, and in the major- ity of the cases

Morton, David

74

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C5, supplCmentau Journal de Physique 11, Volume S,juin 1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry,Faculty of Chemistry, Vilnius University,2734 Vilnius, Lithuania Abstract. A new process temperature, the sublimation rate stronglydepends on the precursor'sfree surface inside the source: the vapour

Boyer, Edmond

75

Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

Boyle, Terrence Michael

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

76

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Euro as More than a Currency: How Salient is the European Single Currency to Europeans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland 2003 Non-EMU includes Denmark, United Kingdom, Sweden 2008 EMU includes Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta... For Sample For Sample EMU Countries % N % N Austria 79.2 933 69.8 906 -11.87% Belgium 88.2 1047 83 989 -5.90% Cyprus 62.6 473 Finland 76.9 1015 78.7 999 2.34% France 79.4 1040 73.3 1043 -7.68% Germany 73.3 1928 70.7 1501 -3.55% Greece 74...

Hayes, Laura J.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Stability comparison of two absolute gravimeters: optical versus atomic interferometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the direct comparison between the stabilities of two mobile absolute gravimeters of different technology: the LNE-SYRTE Cold Atom Gravimeter and FG5X\\#216 of the Universit\\'e du Luxembourg. These instruments rely on two different principles of operation: atomic and optical interferometry. The comparison took place in the Walferdange Underground Laboratory for Geodynamics in Luxembourg, at the beginning of the last International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters, ICAG-2013. We analyse a 2h10 duration common measurement, and find that the CAG shows better immunity with respect to changes in the level of vibration noise, as well as a slightly better short term stability.

Gillot, Pierre; Landragin, Arnaud; Santos, Franck Pereira Dos; Merlet, Sébastien

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Progress in Low and Intermediate Level Operational Waste Characterization and Preparation for Disposal at Ignalina NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Lithuania about 70-80% of all electricity is generated at a single power station, Ignalina NPP, which has two RBMK-1500 type reactors. Units 1 and 2 will be closed by 2005 and 2010, respectively, taking into account the conditions of the long-term substantial financial assistance rendered by the European Union, G-7 countries and other states as well as international institutions. The Government approved the Strategy on Radioactive Waste Management. Objectives of this strategy are to develop the radioactive waste management infrastructure based on modern technologies and provide for the set of practical actions that shall bring management of radioactive waste in Lithuania in compliance with radioactive waste management principles of IAEA and with good practices in force in European Union Member States. SKB-SWECO International-Westinghouse Atom Joint Venture with participation of Lithuanian Energy Institute has prepared a reference design of a near surface repository for short-lived low and intermediate level waste. This reference design is applicable to the needs in Lithuania, considering its hydro-geological, climatic and other environmental conditions and is able to cover the expected needs in Lithuania for at least thirty years ahead. Development of waste acceptance criteria is in practice an iterative process concerning characterization of existing waste, repository development, safety and environmental impact assessment etc. This paper describes the position in Lithuania with regard to the long-term management of low and intermediate level waste in the absence of finalized waste acceptance criteria and a near surface repository.

Poskas, P.; Adomaitis, J. E.; Ragaisis, V.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

80

Green Student Residence Award Make your residence more sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Student Residence Award Make your residence more sustainable OIKOS Luxembourg in collaboration with the Cell for Sustainable Development and SEVE Logement invites all students living in University-residences to participate in the Green Student Residence Award. How to participate? Build a Team

van der Torre, Leon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Qualification of the microseismic monitoring technique applied to the risk of colfapse in iron ore mines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

basin in Lorraine extends between the eitles of Luxembourg in the north and Nancy (France) in the south and the Jurassic (Tincelin, 1958). This deposit is virtually horizontal with a regulär average slope of 3, geothermal phenomena (Moriya H., Niitsuma H., 1996), the recovery of gas and oil, and the surveillance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report on SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2 0 1 1 ­ 2 0 1 2 ISCN-GULF Charter Report #12;3 1. FACILITIES with projects of our University's Cell for Sustainable Development; it also presents evidence for steady alike. THIS REPORT This is the second report on sustainable development at the University of Luxembourg

van der Torre, Leon

83

Our profile FDEF Academic programmes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private and Public International Law Contract and Consumer Protection Law Media and electronic Chair in European & International Tax Law Deutsche Bank Chair in Finance SES Chair in Satellite Law UBS (Luxembourg) privileged partnership European Investment Bank CEPS/INSTEAD STATEC 3 Strategic

van der Torre, Leon

84

Comparing public policies in multilevel governance systems: tobacco control in the European Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Austria: Tobacco Control?????????? 41 Belgium: Tobacco Control ?????????.. 44 Denmark: Tobacco Control ????????? 48 Finland: Tobacco Control ????????.?. 51 France: Tobacco Control ????????.?.. 53 Germany: Tobacco Control... countries in the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. I add to this historical account empirical evidence in support of how...

Goerdel, Holly Thompson

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Mathematics Master acadmique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master in Mathematics ­ Master académique ­ General Mathematics Financial Mathematics The numbers faculty. #12;4 The Master in Mathematics at the University of Luxembourg provides a broad education and a strong background in Mathematics. It enables our students to proceed to the forefront of knowledge in one

van der Torre, Leon

86

Campus Limpertsberg -Tuesday 23 April 2013 Public lecture series: Beckerich on the way to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campus Limpertsberg - Tuesday 23 April 2013 Public lecture series: Beckerich on the way to energy autarchy Science and Citizens meet Challenges of Sustainability Public lecture on Energy: Beckerich on the way to energy autarchy An example in Luxembourg: Beckerich. The transition from the fossil

van der Torre, Leon

87

Une analyse des liens entre types de Green IT et stratgies RSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: France (2013)" #12;ABSTRACT This communication addresses the issue of the adoption of green technologiesUne analyse des liens entre types de Green IT et stratégies RSE An analysis of links between Green/INSTEAD (Luxembourg), CREM R�SUM� Cette communication aborde la question de l'adoption des technologies vertes ou

Boyer, Edmond

88

http://news.mongabay.com/2005/1122-wwf.html Illegal timber trade in Europe driving global forest loss and poverty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loss and poverty News release from WWF 22 Nov 2005 Gland, Switzerland ­ Unless urgent action is taken a difference in both conserving the world's most important forests and help alleviate poverty," said Duncan of Luxembourg. "The has made poverty a central plank of its EU presidency yet its consumption of illegal timber

89

Economic crises and political party disaffection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND CORRELATIONAL PROCEDURES This analysis utilizes the following countries as a representative sample of Western Democratic nations: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden...: t t Environmental party (Sweden); Venstre (Norway); Venstre Socialistik, Socialistik Folkpartei, Ecologistes (Denmark); Ecologistes (Belgium); Democrates '66, Political Party Radikalen, Pacifistisch Socialist Party (The Netherlands); Die Grunen-The Green...

Mackland, Carol L

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Working paper-Ariane Knig V.3.10.2014 Overview on the `Sustainable transport policy'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Working paper-Ariane König ­ V.3.10.2014 Overview on the `Sustainable transport policy' of the University of Luxembourg This is a living document that evolves over time (Version October 2014) Questions a national strategy for sustainable mobility (Mobilité Durable (MoDu)), with implications for urban planning

van der Torre, Leon

91

A review of "Ut Pictura Theatrum: Théâtre et peinture de la Renaissance italienne au classicisme français." by Emmanuelle Hénin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of government of Poland-Lithuania in the sixteenth to eigh- teenth centuries through the perspective of new methodological proposals developed by early modern historians. It is also the first English language book on this period and topic since the fall... truly grateful that we can put away some of the old textbooks and study the history of Poland-Lithuania from several perspectives, not just the Polish one. The book is very well edited and prepared for readers who may be new to the topic. It carries...

Kiki Gounaridou And Jessica Russell

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia* Paul W. Werth. Petersburg, Russia); LVIA Lietuvos Valstybes Istorijos Archyvas (Vilnius, Lithuania). 1 Highlighting only, Converging Worlds: Religion and Community in Peasant Russia, 1861­1917 (DeKalb, IL, 2003); Valerie Kivelson

Ahmad, Sajjad

93

COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org COST Action A22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology and Innovation, Denmark Technology Foresight inside: ·Energy ·Agriculture ·Biotechnologies/08/2003 Switzerland 14/07/2004LithuaniaFinland 06/08/2003 Sweden 11/06/2003LatviaEstonia 20/11/2003 Spain 25 and the context of sustainability will necessitate a cross- disciplinary approach in drawing experience

94

ISSN 1897-1695 (online), 1733-8387 (print) 2007 GADAM Centre, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contents (up to 813 pMC), probably indicating releases of the particulate material. Keywords: Ignalina NPP and all other types of biota. In case of the Ignalina NPP, Lithuania, the importance of 14 C is also due inventory in graphite (7.0Ã?1014 Bq in all the irradiated graphite constructions of a reactor) (Maceika et al

95

Effect of drought and fires on the quality of water in Lithuanian rivers Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 423427 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the surface water. Keywords: heavy metals, river water quality, Lithuania Introduction Increasingly, negative of secondary heavy metal pollution (Crossland and LaPoint, 1992). These processes may make water bodies unsuitable for human consumption and toxic to organisms living in the water. Heavy metals are harmful

Boyer, Edmond

96

Published: November 23, 2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society 5201 dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp106250a |J. Phys. Chem. B 2011, 115, 52015211  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department, Faculty of Physics of Vilnius University, Sauletekio Ave. 9, build. 3, 10222 Vilnius, Lithuania excitation in solid states can be either a neutral exciton or a pair of electrons (e) and holes (h energy (Eb), defined as the energy difference between the e-h continuum and the lowest bound exciton

Fleming, Graham R.

97

Lars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Financed by The Swedish Energy Agency Phase II INTEGRATION OF FOREST FUEL HANDLING INTHE ORDINARY Renatas Budrys Forest Department, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania Swedish EnergyLars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002 Forest Department, Ministry of Environment

98

Usage of videomosaic for computed aided analysis of North Sea hard bottom underwater video for baseline study of offshore windmill park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rzhanov4 1 Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipda University, Lithuania 2 UNI Research, Norway 3 park on the open North Sea coast at Hävsul area in Norway is one of the first in the world to be build on such extreme high-energy coast. To determine possible environmental impact of this project, baseline study

New Hampshire, University of

99

InsideBauer RED Labs: Start Me Up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Lithuania 38 Bauer Recognized for Exemplary Internal Audit Program 41 RED Labs: Start Me Up 42 A Unique Adrenaline Rush 62 Cover: The Changing Landscape of Higher Education 64 A Whole New Venture 68 Energy Lecture Opens Doors 72 Bauer's Sales Excellence Institute Named Top University Sales Program 73 Our

Azevedo, Ricardo

100

The European tobacco control report 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands Republic of Moldova The European tobacco control report 2007 pagepage 9 Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Moldova, Netherlands,Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia The European tobacco control report 2007 page

World Health Organization

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy #12;28 European countries signed association EURaToM ­ University of latvia LATVIA lithuanian Energy Institute LITHUANIA Ministry of Education and Research ROMANIA Ministry of Education, science, culture and sport SLOVENIA centro de Investigaciones

102

The Purpose of Party Manifestos: Relating Party Function and Strategy in Party Manifestos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, and Norway. Parliament and government composition database Secondly, in order to determine my independent variable, party experience... not been in government within previous two election cycles and has not been in government for the last five years, it receive a score of .00 (no). For example, using the Social Democratic Party of Denmark’s (SD) manifesto written for the November 22nd, 1966...

Groves, Jacqueline M

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

Two essays on monetary union and international finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1, 1999 are Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. Greece was admitted to the EMU on January 1, 2001. Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom are members of EU but not EMU. 7... of non-US firms. In particular, I investigate how corporate governance variables and monetary union affect corporate liquidity. 11 The 12 EMU countries are Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany...

Chen, Nai-Wei

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Central Pacific Minerals and Southern Pacific Petroleum detail oil shale activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These two affiliated companies have their major assets in Queensland. Brief summaries are given of the activities of the Rundle, Condor, and Yaamba oil shale projects and brief descriptions are given of the resources found in the Stuart, Nagoorin, Nagoorin South, Lowmead, and Duaringa oil shale deposits of Queensland. The companies also have, or are planning, oil shale projects in the US, Luxembourg, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany, and these are briefly described.

Not Available

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ogmios 32  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ??Shodikhor Yusufbekov (Tajikistan)“Roshorvi language: Transmission of language skills between generations” ($880) ??Éva Csató (Sweden) “”Teaching resources for the Karaim Summer School in Trakai [Lithuania] in July 2007)”($1000) ??Olga Lovick, Siri Tuttle... city, K.L. hosts spectacular modern buildings, notably the Petronas Twin Towers, and most recently, the‘Eye of Ma- laysia’Ferris wheel. K.L.'s best-preserved colonial build- ings are mostly in Merdeka Square, and its Chinatown is also famous. The Batu...

Ostler, Nicholas D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and future Acarology review, goals Africa African veterinary handbook Wharton, G. W. (.jr.), 19?? a Mackenzie, P. Z.j and Simpson, R. ?., 196? a, 297 pp. Africa Ixodoidea , cattle Yeoman, G. H., 19?? a gar diffusion. See Immunity, Gel diffusion.... Agar gel. See Immunity, Gel diffusion. Age of host Arnastauskiene, ?. V., 196? a swine coccidiosis, Lithuania Age of host Chu, K.Y.; Massoud, J.; and Schistosoma haematobium, Sabbaghian, ?., 1966 a Bulinus truncatus Age of host cattle, egg count...

Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Preparation for Early Termination of Ignalina NPP Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seimas (Parliament of Lithuania) approved updated National Energy strategy where it is indicated that first Unit will be shutdown before the year 2005 and second Unit in 2009 if funding for decommissioning is available from EU and other donors. In accordance to Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Closure Law the Government of Lithuania approved the Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Decommissioning Program until year 2005. For enforcement of this program, the plan of measures for implementation of the program was prepared and approved by the Minister of Economy. The plan consists of two parts, namely technical- environmental and social-economic. Technical-environmental measures are mostly oriented to the safe management of spent nuclear fuel and operational radioactive waste stored at the plant and preparation of licensing documents for Unit 1 decommissioning. Social-economic measures are oriented to mitigate negative social and economic impact on Lithuania, inhabitants of the region, and, particularly, o n the staff of Ignalina NPP by means of creating favorable conditions for a balanced social and economic development of the region. In this paper analysis of planned activities, licensing requirements for decommissioning, progress in preparation of the Final Decommissioning Plan is discussed.

Poskas, P.; Poskas, R.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Job quality in Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flexibility—can also lead to enhanced job quality (Bredgaard and Larsen, 2006; CEC, 2007b), for example, in the form of autonomy and job enlargement. So far, it is only in Finland and Sweden that the Commission finds evidence of such quality workplaces being... . The response rates was 0.48 with most countries, recording rates close to this average, although eight countries—Belgium, Finland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Switzerland and the UK—recorded rates below 0.4 (Parent-Thirion et al., 2007: 95...

Burchell, Brendan J.; Smith, Mark; Fagan, Colette; O’Brien, Catherine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

110

IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

Elam, Carolyn C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)] (ed.)

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy Reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through regular elections and guarantee civil liberties, thereby reducing political violence (Kitschelt 1986). Within a similar line of studies, scholars note that resources are essential to sustain and mobilize violent activities (Dalton, Sickle... Violence Albania 1998 999 1.41 Latvia 1996 1200 1.81 Argentina* 1995 1079 1.68 Lithuania 1997 1009 1.82 Armenia 1997 2000 1.85 Macedonia 1998 995 1.67 Australia 1995 2048 1.63 Moldova 1996 984 2.13 Bangladesh 1996 1525 1.13 New Zealand 1998 1201 1.60 Brazil...

Yeh, Yao-Yuan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Ecological improvement and sustainable development in European skiing resorts by adapting the EU-Eco-Audit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The range of environmental problems in European skiing resorts caused by winter sports, agriculture and summer tourism are all well known. The issues and management challenges relate to sensitive ecological conditions, construction activities, deficiencies in visitor management and an land use conflicts during summer. One new approach to manage these problems is the EU-Eco-Audit. In test sites in Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Austria a successful adaptation of the EU-Eco-Audit framework to ski resorts has been developed. The implementation of the Audit framework at these test sites led to positive effects concerning visitor and ecological management. One influencing factor for the future development is the positive public image concerning environmental aspects. Crucial to the implementation of the Eco-Audit-framework is whether it will assist ski resorts in their competition with other destiantions for hosting international events. Finally the acceptance of the certificates or awards by skiers is discussed. It will be argued that due to the increasing relevance of information provision and marketing of wintersport destinations via the internet, the auditing or award concept contributes to a positive image of these enterprises and destinations in the market place. 2

Ulrike Pröbstl

114

The effects of prevention and public health expenditure on measles immunization rates in Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Belgium* 40 40 0 Canada 185 184 1 Czech Republic 27 23 4 Denmark 15 13 2 Finland 87 41 47 France 90 68 22 Germany 100 86 15 Greece 65 35 30 Hungary** 54 29 24 Iceland 40 40 0 Ireland 78 59 19 Italy 15 15 0 Japan* 50 30 20 Korea 21 20 1....4 Austria 74.0 Belgium 82. Canada** 94.5 Czech Republic 96.9 Denmark 96.0 Finland 97. France 87.1 Germany 93.3 Greece 88.0 Hungary 99.9 Iceland* 99.0 Ireland 81. Italy 85.5 Japan*** 100.0 Korea**** 90.2 Luxembourg 91.0 Mexico 96.4 Netherlands...

Chen, Christina Melonie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Collaborative development of Estonian nuclear master's program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2009 Estonia approved the National Development Plan for the Energy Sector, including the nuclear energy option. This can be realized by construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in Estonia or by participation in neighboring nuclear projects (e.g., Lithuania and/or Finland). Either option requires the availability of competent personnel. It is necessary to prepare specialists with expertise in all aspects related to nuclear infrastructure and to meet workforce needs (e.g. energy enterprises, public agencies, municipalities). Estonia's leading institutions of higher education and research with the support of the European Social Fund have announced in this context a new nuclear master's curriculum to be developed. The language of instruction will be English. (authors)

Tkaczyk, A. H.; Kikas, A.; Realo, E.; Kirm, M.; Kiisk, M.; Isakar, K.; Suursoo, S.; Koch, R.; Feldbach, E.; Lushchik, A.; Reivelt, K. [Inst. of Physics, Univ. of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu 51014 (Estonia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Technical Letter Report - Analysis of Ultrasonic Data on Piping Cracks at Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Before and After Applying a Mechanical Stress Improvement Process, JCN-N6319, Task 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in piping systems previously analyzed for leak-before-break (LBB). Part of this work involves determining whether inspections alone are sufficient or if inspections plus mitigation techniques are needed. The work described in this report addresses the reliability of ultrasonic phased-array (PA) examinations for inspection of cracks that have been subjected to the mitigation method of mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). It is believed that stresses imparted during MSIP may make ultrasonic crack responses in piping welds more difficult to detect and accurately characterize. To explore this issue, data were acquired, both before and after applying MSIP, and analyzed from cracked areas in piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. This work was performed under NRC Project JCN-N6319, PWSCC in Leak-Before-Break Systems.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Crawford, Susan L.

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Latvia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil prospects in Latvia are associated with the Baltic syneclise. Latvia occupies about one fourth of that large tectonic depression; zones of oil accumulation continue there from adjacent areas: the Telshai rampart (Lithuania) and the Leba nose (Polish offshore). The oil prospects in separate areas are determined by their position regarding the sources of oil generation--the Gdansk-Kura and Liepaya depressions. The most prospective areas are the Liepaya-Saldus zone of highs and the Pape-Barta trough. The Liepaya-Saldus zone was situated so that the hydrocarbon migration path crossed it. It probably is an important oil accumulation zone. The paper describes the geology of Latvia and the one oil field in Latvia.

Freimanis, A. (Latvian Dept. of Geology, Riga (Latvia)); Margulis, L.; Brangulis, A.; Kanev, S.; Pomerantseva, R. (Inst. of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Riga (Latvia))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

119

Progress and Status of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant's New Solid Waste Management and Storage Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A considerable amount of dry radioactive waste from former NPP operation has accumulated up to date and is presently stored at the Ignalina NPP site, Lithuania. Current storage capacities are nearly exhausted and more waste is to come from future decommissioning of the two RMBKtype reactors. Additionally, the existing storage facilities does not comply to the state-of-the-art technology for handling and storage of radioactive waste. In 2005, INPP faced this situation of a need for waste processing and subsequent interim storage of these wastes by contracting NUKEM with the design, construction, installation and commissioning of new waste management and storage facilities. The subject of this paper is to describe the scope and the status of the new solid waste management and storage facilities at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. In summary: The turnkey contract for the design, supply and commission of the SWMSF was awarded in December 2005. The realisation of the project was initially planned within 48 month. The basic design was finished in August 2007 and the Technical Design Documentation and Preliminary Safety Analyses Report was provided to Authorities in October 2007. The construction license is expected in July 2008. The procurement phase was started in August 2007, start of onsite activities is expected in November 2007. The start of operation of the SWMSF is scheduled for end of 2009. (authors)

Rausch, J.; Henderson, R.W. [NUKEM Technologies GmbH, Alzenau (Germany); Penkov, V. [State Enterprise Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Visaginas (Lithuania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Insights Gained from Ultrasonic Testing of Piping Welds Subjected to the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in leak-before-break piping systems. Part of this involves determining whether inspections alone, or inspections plus mitigation, are needed. This work addresses the reliability of ultrasonic testing (UT) of cracks that have been mitigated by the mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). The MSIP has been approved by the NRC (NUREG-0313) since 1986 and modifies residual stresses remaining after welding with compressive, or neutral, stresses near the inner diameter surface of the pipe. This compressive stress is thought to arrest existing cracks and inhibit new crack formation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the MSIP and the reliability of ultrasonic inspections, flaws were evaluated both before and after MSIP application. An initial investigation was based on data acquired from cracked areas in 325-mm-diameter piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. In a follow-on exercise, PNNL acquired and evaluated similar UT data from a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) specimen containing implanted thermal fatigue cracks. The DMW specimen is a carbon steel nozzle-to-safe end-to-stainless steel pipe section that simulates a pressurizer surge nozzle. The flaws were implanted in the nozzle-to-safe end Alloy 82/182 butter region. Results are presented on the effects of MSIP on specimen surfaces, and on UT flaw responses.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Moran, Traci L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

The criteria of fracture in the case of the leak of pressure vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to forecast the break of the high pressure vessels and the network of pipes in a nuclear reactor, according to the concept of leak before break of pressure vessels, it is necessary to analyze the conditions of project, production, and mounting quality as well as of exploitation. It is also necessary to evaluate the process of break by the help of the fracture criteria. In the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant of, in Lithuania, the most important objects of investigation are: the highest pressure pipes, made of Japanese steel 19MN5 and having an anticorrosive austenitic: coal inside, the pipes of distribution, which arc made of 08X1810T steel. The steel of the network of pipes has a quality of plasticity: therefore the only criteria of fragile is impossible to apply to. The process of break would be best described by the universal criteria of elastic - plastic fracture. For this purpose the author offers the criterion of the double parameter.

Habil; Ziliukas, A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005, Proceedings of SPIE,  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains papers presented at the 37th Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High-Power Lasers that was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado, 19-21 September 2005. The symposium was cosponsored by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA), and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (USA). Cooperating organizations were the Center for High Technology Materials at the University of New Mexico (USA), Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA), QinetiQ (United Kingdom), and the College of Optics and Photonics, CREOL and FPCE, University of Central Florida (USA). The symposium, was attended by 145 scientist and engineers from China, France, Lithuania, Russia, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. One-third of the attendees and nearly half of the presentations were from abroad. A mini-symposium on Tuesday afternoon, that addressed damage issues associated with petawatt lasers, highlighted our growing interest in the emerging area. Including the mini-symposium, 87 papers were presented in oral and poster sessions.

Exarhos, Gregory J.; Guenther, Arthur H.; Ristau, Detlev; Lewis, Keith L.; Soileau, M. J.; Stolz, Christopher J.

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

123

IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Geohydromechanical Processes in the Excavation Damaged Zone in Crystalline Rock, Rock Salt, and Indurated and Plastic Clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The creation of an excavation disturbed zone or excavation damaged zone is expected around all man-made openings in geologic formations. Macro- and micro-fracturing, and in general a redistribution of in situ stresses and rearrangement of rock structures, will occur in this zone, resulting in drastic changes of permeability to flow, mainly through the fractures and cracks induced by excavation. Such an EDZ may have significant implications for the operation and long-term performance of an underground nuclear waste repository. Various issues of concern need to be evaluated, such as processes creating fractures in the excavation damaged zone, the degree of permeability increase, and the potential for sealing or healing (with permeability reduction) in the zone. In recent years, efforts along these lines have been made for a potential repository in four rock types-crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay-and these efforts have involved field, laboratory, and theoretical studies. The present work involves a synthesis of the ideas and issues that emerged from presentations and discussions on EDZ in these four rock types at a CLUSTER Conference and Workshop held in Luxembourg in November, 2003. First, definitions of excavation disturbed and excavation damaged zones are proposed. Then, an approach is suggested for the synthesis and intercomparison of geohydromechanical processes in the EDZ for the four rock types (crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay). Comparison tables of relevant processes, associated factors, and modeling and testing techniques are developed. A discussion of the general state-of-the-art and outstanding issues are also presented. A substantial bibliography of relevant papers on the subject is supplied at the end of the paper.

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Bernier, Frederic; Davies, Christophe

2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

125

Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

Poskas, P.; Kilda, R. [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, G. [Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas (Lithuania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

LIDEM unit for the production of methyl tert-butyl ether from butanes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the basic problems in the production of motor fuels is how to obtain high-octane unleaded gasolines that will meet today`s ecological requirements. The term {open_quotes}reformulated gasolines{close_quotes} has come into general use throughout the world to denote fuels with a certain chemical composition. These gasolines consist of preselected components; as shown by worldwide experience, they must include oxygen-containing compounds that are distinguished by high octane numbers and low reactivities. Standards in effect in the United States, Japan, and certain Western European countries require that automotive gasolines must contain at least 2-4% by weight of oxygen-containing compounds (calculated as oxygen). In the last 15 years, in order to meet these requirements, production has been set up in various countries for the manufacture of high-octane oxygen-containing components known as oxygenates. The most common of these is methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), obtained by etherification of isobutene by methanol. Process technology developed by this last organization was used as the basis for constructing a unit in the Nizhnekamskneftekhim Production Association and at the Mazheikyai Petroleum Refinery in Lithuania. MTBE production has been held back mainly by a shortage of isobutene, which is obtained mainly from butane-butene cuts produced in cat crackers. In order to alleviate this shortage, it has been proposed that MTBE should be obtained from saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons that are recovered in processing oilfield associated gas, and also in the refinery from primary distillation units, catalytic reformers, and hydrocrackers. A working design was developed in 1991-1992 by Lengiproneftekhim for a basically new combination unit designed for the processing of saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons, which has been termed the LIDEM unit (Leningrad - isomerization - dehydrogenation - MTBE).

Rudin, M.G.; Zadvornov, M.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Summary of the contractor information exchange meeting for improving the safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, February 19, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a meeting held on February 19, 1997, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was held primarily to exchange information among the contractors involved in the U.S. Department of Energy`s efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Previous meetings have been held on December 5-6, 1995, and May 22, 1996. The meetings are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and coordinated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy works with countries to increase the level of safety at 63 Soviet-designed nuclear reactors operating in Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. The work is implemented largely by commercial companies and individuals who provide technologies and services to the countries with Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Attending the meeting were 71 representatives of commercial contractors, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of State, national laboratories, and other federal agencies. The presentations and discussions that occurred during the exchange are summarized in this report. While this report captures the general presentation and discussion points covered at the meeting, it is not a verbatim, inclusive record. To make the report useful, information presented at the meeting has been expanded to clarify issues, respond to attendees` requests, or place discussion points in a broader programmatic context. Appendixes A through F contain the meeting agenda, list of attendees, copies of presentation visuals and handouts, the Strategy Document discussed at the meeting, and a summary of attendees` post-meeting evaluation comments. As with past information exchanges, the participants found this meeting valuable and useful. In response to the participant`s requests, a fourth information exchange will be held later in 1997.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Studies of leukemia and thyroid disease among Chernobyl clean-up workers from the Baltics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April of 1986, hundreds of thousands of men from throughout the former Soviet Union were sent to Chernobyl to entomb the damaged reactor, remove radioactive debris, and help decontaminate the local environment. They remained for an average of three months and were allowed to accumulate up to 25 cGy of radiation before being sent home. Doses for some workers may have exceeded the allowable limit. The experience of Chernobyl clean-up workers is potentially informative about cancer risk associated with protracted exposure to low levels of radiation. Cohorts of clean-up workers from the Baltic Republics were assembled for study, based on military records and other lists. The study population includes 4,833 men from Estonia 5,709 from Latvia and at least 5,446 from Lithuania, where a pilot study is underway. They are being monitored for cancer incidence through linkages with the corresponding national cancer registries. Biodosimetric assays, including fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosome translocation analysis and the glycophorin A (GPA) somatic cell mutation assay, are being used to supplement information about radiation doses from worker records and questionnaires. Thyroid screening examinations, including palpation, ultrasound and, selectively, fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed on nearly 2,000 workers in the Estonian cohort (mean age, 40 y) during the spring of 1995, nine years after the reactor accident. The study is still in progress. Work began first in Estonia, and results presented here pertain to this subgroup except as otherwise noted. The average age at the time of arrival at Chernobyl was 31 years. 62% were sent in 1986. Possible reasons for the apparent absence or rarity of radiation-induced thyroid nodules include low and protracted doses, low susceptibility among men exposed as adults, and insufficient passage of time since the accident.

Inskip, P.D. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States); Tekkel, M.; Rahu, M. [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn (Estonia)] [and others

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z