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Sample records for libya liechtenstein lithuania

  1. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 denominado "Movilidad alumnos y #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through

  2. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e

  3. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism, ICELAND AND LIECHTENSTEIN CALL UCM-EEA-MUNCH-01-2009 The UCM-EEA MUNCH Extraordinary Chair is created, Iceland and Liechtenstein", which aims to strengthen academic and research relations between the last

  4. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism APPLICATION FORM #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary

  5. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary Bachelor Centre Date Ph.D. Centre Thesis Supervisor Date #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland

  6. Forest Products Marketing -LITHUANIA Market Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (+10) EU(25) Nordicc. Poland Lithuania Estonia Latvia Russia Furniture industry Pulp& paper industry CONSUMPTION - Domestic industry - Export - Households (fire wood) 6,4 mln.m3 ~3,5 ~ 1,4 ~1,5 Source

  7. Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say By LONA O by a strongman for 42 years, a country of tribes and conflicting interests, a country with oil reserves desired, there is of course the matter of Libya's substantial oil reserves. An existing gas pipeline from Libya to Italy

  8. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism IN UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (MADRID, SPAIN) AND IN RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN NORWAY, ICELAND of the "Improving student, researchers and artists mobility and cooperation between Spain, Norway, Iceland

  9. UN ECE WPLA Workshop on Advanced Property Administration Vilnius, Lithuania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECE WPLA Workshop on Advanced Property Administration Vilnius, Lithuania 22-25 September 2004 and Mapping Agency, the Netherlands Workshop on Real Property Administration in Developing Information Society UN Economic Commission for Europe Working Party on Land Administration Vilnius, Lithuania, 22

  10. Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania: Energy

  11. Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

    2008-01-15

    As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

  12. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  13. TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS A. Vitas growth of Norway spruce in Lithuania during 20th century has been conducted. Hypothesis of the study century are attributed. Keywords: air temperature, drought, Norway spruce, pointer year, precipitation

  14. Facies Distribution, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin, NW Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moustafa, Mohamed Salem Hamadi

    2015-05-13

    This study presents the depositional facies, sequence stratigraphy, chemostratigraphy and diagenetic evolution of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin northwest Libya. Eight measured sections were sampled and analyzed. High...

  15. AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

    2010-07-01

    In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

  16. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  17. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  18. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  19. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  20. Liechtenstein: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc JumpIndiana:

  1. European Union Data Protection Law and Media Expression: Fundamentally Off Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdos, David O.

    2015-06-16

    The laws of three countries (*Croatia, *Czech Republic and *Spain) provide no media derogation at all from any part of the data protection scheme. All these countries are therefore placed in category a/1 in relation to each data protection provision... the availability of media derogations in relation to all of the above principles. The law of some eighteen jurisdictions (Belgium, *Bulgaria, *Croatia, Cyprus, *Czech Republic, *Estonia, Greece, Hungary, *Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands...

  2. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc JumpIndiana: Energy

  3. Curriculum development in Informatics in Lithuania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, D.

    Gilbert,D. Innovations in Teaching of Computing 2: Imporving the Quality of Teaching and Learning. Editor M Smith pp ch.5 43-50

  4. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia

  5. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta,Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova,

  6. Fee Assessment Information for Overseas Applicants RIBM Graduate School, Manchester Metropolitan University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Liechtenstein. c) Refugee*, or the spouse or child of a refugee, (provided refugee status has been granted

  7. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  8. The earliest water supply and sewage systems in Vilnius, Lithuania R. Pukien1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was meant for kitchen waste and was assembled in sections. Each section consisted of a flume made up of four supplied with water the newly built grand duke's palace. In the 1540s­1550s major development of the water preserved up to the bark edge. The constructed pine tree-ring series was dated against Vilnius pine

  9. Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

  10. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  11. Knowledge Advancing Social Justice Brandeis University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania

  12. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  13. Economic Perceptions and Economic Voting in Post Communist Countries of East Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tverdova, Yuliya V.

    2007-01-01

    Hungary Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Poland Romania SloveniaHungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, andDemocratic Party of Macedonia, which received the plurality

  14. Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Cyrenaican Miocene, Al-Jabal Al-Khdar Uplift and Soluq Trough, Ne Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amrouni, Khaled Saleh

    2015-08-11

    This study established the sequence stratigraphic framework of the Cyrenaican Miocene through the integration of the sedimentology, stratigraphy, gamma-ray logs, chemostratigraphy, and diagenesis. Carbon-isotope curves and gamma-ray logs...

  15. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg

  16. The Precarious Role of Education in Identity and Value Formation Processes: The shift from state to market forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desjardins, R

    2015-01-01

    Slovak Republic Iceland Croatia Austria Bulgaria Netherlandscannot be ignored. Bulgaria Croatia Lithuania Czech Republic

  17. Solar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2006 in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 JEAN-LUC L. J. DIGHAYE The Sun and Solar Eclipses Energy in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 IBRAHIM M. SALEH Computer SimulationSolar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at Waw an Namos

  18. Women Spring: Reclaiming Resistance as the Ultimate Other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Paige

    2013-01-01

    Egypt and Libya, for example were successful in forcing their leaders Mubarak and Gaddafi out of power.

  19. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  20. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    .04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011.03.10 NCAA · · · Keyword Frequency Libya 19.3% Japan nuclear crisis 16 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  1. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Sierra Leone Suriname Liberia French Guiana Ghana TogoHG) Iceland (HG) Ireland (HS) Liberia (HS/HG) Lithuania (HS)

  2. Private versus public strategies for health service provision for improving health outcomes in resource limited settings: a systematic review.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    and private physicians in Macedonia. Health Policy 60: 67-$12,196 or more. Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius,

  3. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  4. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or dispositioned more than 5,000...

  5. Attachment F Marketplace Prohibited Items November 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Radio/Wireless Transmitting Equipment (e.g., eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) · Laser Pointers 3b Purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, or Sudan · Telecommunication Equipment & Features (cell

  6. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  7. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  12. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  14. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  16. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  17. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  18. Fee Assessment Information for Overseas Applicants RIBM Graduate School, Manchester Metropolitan University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Liechtenstein. c) Refugee*, or the spouse or child of a refugee, (provided refugee status has been granted; if no, please continue) 4) Do you have full refugee status or Exceptional Leave to Enter/ YES NO Remain, please go to 10 and enclose a copy of the letter from the immigration authorities in which refugee status

  19. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the entire world." The Energy Summit is built around the core nations of Georgia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Azerbaijan and is focused on promoting a collective energy...

  20. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  1. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  2. Risk Sharing, Financial integration, and "Mundell II" in the Enlarged European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boewer Böwer, Uwe

    2006-01-01

    Paper 20/2004, Bank of Finland, Helsinki. [17] Garcia, R.Slo vakia Lithuania Denmark Finland Greece Italy UK France BAustria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece

  3. Vilnius Energy Secretary Conference 2007: Responsible Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    achieving these goals. Thank you. Location: Vilnius, Lithuania Media contact(s): Megan Barnett, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential...

  4. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01

    Russia, Ukraine, Slovakia, Macedonia, Armenia and Belarus.Poland Belarus Armenia Macedonia Ukraine Social DemocraticCyprus Romania France Macedonia Poland Lithuania Finland

  5. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  6. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HSBC) Study: International Report from the 2009/2010 Survey Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2012-01-01

    Ukraine Austria Ireland Germany Turkey Estonia LithuaniaScotland Ireland Austria Germany Turkey Portugal Spain ItalyBelgium (Flemish) Germany Turkey Belgium (French) Iceland

  7. Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    2006-01-01

    Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

  8. MASTERCHRONOLOGIES OF NORWAY SPRUCE /...I v l u I RESHFOREST SITES /. Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Piceaabies (1.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MASTERCHRONOLOGIES OF NORWAY SPRUCE /...I v l u I RESHFOREST SITES /. t FORE! A . ' ETRY VITAS Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Piceaabies (1.) Karsten) on Fresh Forest Sites in Lithuania ADOMAS VITAS Vyta. Masterchronologies of Norway Spruce (Picea ahies (L.) Karsten) on Fresh Forest Sites in Lithuania. Baltic Forestry, 9

  9. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by an average of 0.8 million bbld in September and October 2013. Increased global crude oil production, particularly from Libya and Iraq, in the past two months, at a time when...

  10. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    boosted global liquid fuels production relative to year-ago levels. However, OPEC crude oil production decreased slightly from year-ago levels, as production gains in Libya and...

  11. Policy Paper 49: The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    has chemical weapons (sulfur mustard gas, hydrogen cyanide,weapons. It may have used mustard gas delivered in bombs byLibya’s main nerve and mustard gas production facilities are

  12. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    in power of the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. TheseEgypt that saw the return of protesters to Cairo’s Tahir square following Mubarak’s succes- sor allotting dictatorial powers

  13. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Landon

    . Finally, performance and power costs are rea- sonable, with analyzers having little noticeable effect, Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  14. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening

  15. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  16. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    -rays or lasers? Yes No Does the proposal include boating and diving? Yes No Does the proposal include hazardous, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia

  17. Items Prohibited for Purchase January 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Turnbuckles Wire rope (slings, clips [clamps]) Illegal supplies purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North-Related Items( e.g. eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) Laser Pointers Machining or Machine Shop Work

  18. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  19. 32 Department of Geology and Geophysics University of Wisconsin-Madison Thomas Roberts, PhB 1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Clark M.

    . (a division of Mobil), but decided to do graduate studies at the UW. He rejoined Mobil thereafter geologist for Exxon in Bogota, Columbia, before joining Amoseas as an area geologist in Tripoli, Libya

  20. ,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from Libya of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Qatar of...

  1. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  2. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    . Our current students come from all around the world - China, Mexico, Canada, Nigeria, Libya, Egypt-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  3. Embargoesand Other Special Controls Part 746-page 1 Export Administration Regulations July 12, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , and License Exceptions for countries subject to general embargoes, currently Cuba, Libya, Iran and Iraq of the EAR. (2) Iran and Iraq. While BXA maintains controls on exports and reexports to Iranand Iraq

  4. Overlooked? The Growing Threat of Desertification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Julian

    2012-01-01

    of land degradation and desertification in Libya: Need forLu, J. (2010). Aeolian desertification and its causes in thethat the threat of desertification is both very real and

  5. Modellering af Investeringer i Jesper Felstedt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a liberalized combined heat and power sector (CHP sector). The thesis shortly presents the economic theory of investments in Lithuania. Keywords: Net present value NPV , investements in the combined heat and power sector

  6. GARGZDAI "KRANTAS" SECONDARY SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    (limestone, dolomite, whiting, marble, gypsum, anhydrite, rock-salt) and water circulates. The areas beneficent. Tectonic movements. #12;FORMING CONDITIONS In Lithuania the intensive sinkhole zone takes the position

  7. Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulga, Mayia

    2012-01-01

    Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania: SourcesEvidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.

  8. Relationship between perceived body weight and body mass index based on self- reported height and weight among university students: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikolajczyk, Rafael T; Maxwell, Annette E; El Ansari, Walid; Stock, Christiane; Petkeviciene, Janina; Guillen-Grima, Francisco

    2010-01-01

    Denmark, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Spain and Turkey toBetween 22% (Turkey) and 51% (Germany) of female studentsA Kramer (Germany); N Bilir, H Ozcebe, D Aslan (Turkey); J

  9. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  10. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3% Nigeria 3% China 2% Iran 11% Kuwait 12% Iraq 14% Saudi Aramco 32% Source: The Oil Daily, 12/23/1999 Total

  11. Research and Satellite Applications -Cristina Bentz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications ·New projects Overview #12;PETROBRAS Oil, Gas and Energy Company E&P TRADINGHEAD OFFICE DOWNSTREAM GAS & ENERGY REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Houston Colombia Argentina Angola United Kingdom USA BRAZIL Bolivia Rio de Janeiro NigeriaVenezuela Ecuador Peru Mexico Tanzania Iran China Japan New York Uruguay Libya

  12. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

  13. R. Muoz et al. (Eds.): NLDB 2011, LNCS 6716, pp. 238241, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ], CRFs [7]. Results produced by statistical taggers obtain about 95%-97% of correctly tagged words. There are also, hybrid methods that use both knowledge based and statistical resources. 3 Amazighe Language The Amazighe language is spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Siwa (an Egyptian Oasis); it is also

  14. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan that there are three critical variables in this interaction: redundancy in communications, distribution of power across in situations of a popular uprising, and what can be done to prevent it?1 Egypt is not the only country

  15. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi, Christopher Kruegel, Giovanni Vigna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    in December 2010 to shake the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening to repressive regimes that censorship has become a central point

  16. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  17. CERN with ITER, by Franois of Rose THE WORLD | 03.02.04 | 14h06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the foreign politics of the France in 2003, most serious, and by far, is that which would be finalized of the agreement of renunciation of Libya of the nuclear weapons concluded with the Anglo-American ones and major, at the free-Switzerland border, of the CERN (European Center for the nuclear research) at the beginning

  18. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from sun. These four nations comprise approximately 130 millions inhabitants altogether and solar energy

  19. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  20. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  1. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  3. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  5. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  7. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  8. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,762 35 104 108 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 520 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 215 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 4,727 51 69 83 8 41 49 Algeria 212 21 40 48 0 0 0 Indonesia 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 390 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 268 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 4,825 37 86 111 22 25 47 Algeria 228 20 53 59 0 0 0 Indonesia 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 524 0 0 1 0 0 0 Kuwait 197 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 43 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  11. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 704 1,604 246 942 1,188 Algeria 1,035 0 404 1,230 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  13. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,816 35 105 109 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 527 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  14. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  15. Lessons Learned from Past Negotiations to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --and with it an illicit shipment of centrifuge parts to Libya--and having been confronted with incontrovertible evidence."iv Thus, the negotiations with the Europeans bought time for Tehran to finish its uranium conversion years. Unfortunately, however, while halting the plutonium program, the DPRK went ahead with its uranium

  16. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

  17. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 2. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 2 of the study.

  18. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 3. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 3 of the study.

  19. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 1 of the study.

  20. Lars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Financed by The Swedish Energy Agency Phase II INTEGRATION OF FOREST FUEL HANDLING INTHE ORDINARY Renatas Budrys Forest Department, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania Swedish EnergyLars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002 Forest Department, Ministry of Environment

  1. HISTORICAL WOOD COLLECTION AT THE DENDROCHRONOLOGY LABORATORY, VYTAUTAS MAGNUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HISTORICAL WOOD COLLECTION AT THE DENDROCHRONOLOGY LABORATORY, VYTAUTAS MAGNUS UNIVERSITY Rtil, Kaunas, LT-3018, Lithuania, rutile_pukiene@fc.vdu.lt Abstract Historical wood has been collected at Kaunas dendrochronology laboratory since the laboratory foundation in 1968. The wood is used

  2. R. ERLICKYT, A. VITAS BALTIC FORESTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Scots pine, annual radial increment, environmental pollution, climatic factors, synergistic impact. Therefore tree rings and their width and structure, integrally reflect the impact of all environmental.) growth and condition in the impact zone of one of the biggest air pollution sources in Lithuania

  3. International Services Fall 2013 Total Enrollment = 2657

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Systems Finance Business Administration Electrical Engineering 37 38 38 40 43 48 49 71 79 79 88 141 Top 10.26% Lithuania 1 0.04% Macedonia 1 0.04% Malawi 1 0.04% Malaysia 12 0.45% Mali 1 0.04% Mauritius 3 0.11% Mexico

  4. Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Detlef P. Netherlands LA Warren Rachel UK RE Weyant John USA RE Babiker Mustafa Kuwait Chapter 4: Energy Adegbulugbe Anthony Nigeria LA Fenhann Jørgen Denmark LA Konstantinaviciute Inga Lithuania LA Moomaw William Nationality CLA Smith Peter UK CLA Martino Daniel L. Uruguay LA Cai Zucong China LA Gwary Daniel Nigeria LA

  5. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  6. Search for possible solar neutrino radiative decays during total solar eclipses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cecchini, S; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, R; Popa, V

    2006-01-01

    Total solar eclipses (TSEs) offer a good opportunity to look for photons produced in possible radiative decays of solar neutrinos. In this paper we briefly review the physics bases of such searches as well as the existing limits on the neutrino proper lifetimes obtained by such experiments. We the report on the observations performed in occasion of the 29 March 2006 TSE, from Waw an Namos, Libya.

  7. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  8. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16,736 7,162 7,088 14,250 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,990 12,893 Algeria 62,126 5,591 14,394 16,019 0 0 0 Indonesia 4,069 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,961 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 53,707 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 11,682 0 318...

  10. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    16,601 7,162 6,863 14,025 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  11. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,574 17,765 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,281 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 192,524 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 82,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9,563 17,754 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,212 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 189,657 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 78,611 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  13. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 114,309 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 3,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 10,192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  14. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,266 2,620 2,656 0 0 0 Algeria 6,290 734 1,510 227 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,139 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 4,231 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1,570 1,422 980 0 329 329 Algeria 4,708 665 827 256 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,536 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,833 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  16. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,584 246 1,271 1,517 Algeria 6,570 665 1,231 1,486 0 0 0 Indonesia 870 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 12,100 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,314 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 84,797 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 2,479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 7,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,173 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  18. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 2,183 3,212 Algeria 58,368 6,256 14,755 2,002 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,265 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 71,849 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    11,425 5,903 5,809 11,712 Algeria 15,691 0 3,463 10,240 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 5,679 0 0 622 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  20. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 117,889 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 4,118 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 11,629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  1. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 1,947 2,976 Algeria 58,886 6,256 14,755 1,933 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 140,835 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 67,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  2. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,016 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 6,542 734 2,044 1,587 0 0 0 Indonesia 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 13,299 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 5,495 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  3. Endogeneity analysis of output synchronization in the current and prospective EMU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Phelps, Peter

    2015-10-08

    criterion, namely the business cycle synchronization. If one considers the 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU acceding countries of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (2004), Bulgaria, Romania (2007) and Croatia (2013), which are all obliged to adopt the euro after... , Slovakia, Estonia and Lithuania. 2 EEMU includes, in addition to the aforementioned EMU countries, the following candidates: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Collectively EMU member states are referred to as EMUs...

  4. Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2008-01-01

    , cooperatives, groups, societies, systems, and instruments, etc. that serve as vehicles of cultural development. Ruutsoo’s analysis draws on statistical data from each of the three Baltic countries, as well as from Finland, Europe and Scandinavia, in order... labeled Baltic countries, for geo-political convenience, Ruutsoo’s analysis also shows that they not a culturally unified community. Estonia and Latvia more closely followed development in Finland, while Lithuania seemed closer to Central European...

  5. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  6. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  7. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  8. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  9. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  10. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  11. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    have picked up ideas in all those places wbich differed from the views held on the Greek mainland and its surrounding islands. We know that under King Da'rius (reigned 521·485 B.C.) the Persian army had conqured part of India and part of Libya so... ) pared with the other two. The English word 'humour', therefore, pro­ bably expresses its meaning better. It is derived from the Latin humor, Greek khymos (English derivative chyme), which means 'fluid, mois­ ture' as we koow it in the English word...

  12. Social organization and behavior of aoudad (Ammotragus lervia) in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solbert, Alan Goodrich Kirk

    1983-01-01

    for their encouragement during the last few years and P. Fenn for her unflagging diligence in typing this manuscript. I also want to thank Dr. J. Teer for help in securing funding for this study. I am grateful to the Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildlife..., but their present status is unknown (Happold 1967). It may be that the last aoudad strongholds are in the uninhabited regions of the Atlas Mountains (Schomber and Kock 1959-60, Edmond-Blanc 1954), the Ennedi Mountains, and parts of Libya and northern Sudan...

  13. Reproductive behavior of addax antelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manski, David Allen

    1979-01-01

    -around (mutual circling of the partners), Laufschlag and Flehmen. Estrous was very brief, lasting for a period of approximately 24 to 48 h. Copulation was almost exclusively done by alpha males. Gestation was estimated at nine months, and calving occurred..., and they have disappeared from Tunisia. Apparently the last addax was shot in Bgypt by a bedouin hunter about 1900 (llarper 1945) . A remnant population of addax exisLed in the southern regions of Libya in 1. 966 (Dolan 1966). In Chad, addax seem...

  14. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  15. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    In the Indo-Tibetan humoral system diseases are divided in to hot aod cold ones, and diseases are cured by a contrary remedy, that is, hot diseases by cold remedies and vice versa. For instance, Vagbhata says in his Ashtanghrdayasamhita : J 8) According... . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because...

  16. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibya

  17. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibyaMexico

  18. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  19. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  20. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  1. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elam, Carolyn C.

    2001-12-01

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  2. Little Cedar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:

  3. Little Elm, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm, Texas:

  4. Little Hot Spring Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,

  5. Little Pringle I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,I Jump

  6. Little Pringle II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,I

  7. Little River Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance JumpLithuania:Elm,ILittle

  8. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  9. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  10. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  11. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  12. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  13. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  14. Radiological Threat Reduction (RTR) program : implementing physical security to protect large radioactive sources worldwide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowe, Daniel L.

    2004-11-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Radiological Threat Reduction (RTR) Program strives to reduce the threat of a Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD) incident that could affect U.S. interests worldwide. Sandia National Laboratories supports the RTR program on many different levels. Sandia works directly with DOE to develop strategies, including the selection of countries to receive support and the identification of radioactive materials to be protected. Sandia also works with DOE in the development of guidelines and in training DOE project managers in physical protection principles. Other support to DOE includes performing rapid assessments and providing guidance for establishing foreign regulatory and knowledge infrastructure. Sandia works directly with foreign governments to establish cooperative agreements necessary to implement the RTR Program efforts to protect radioactive sources. Once necessary agreements are in place, Sandia works with in-country organizations to implement various security related initiatives, such as installing security systems and searching for (and securing) orphaned radioactive sources. The radioactive materials of interest to the RTR program include Cobalt 60, Cesium 137, Strontium 90, Iridium 192, Radium 226, Plutonium 238, Americium 241, Californium 252, and Others. Security systems are implemented using a standardized approach that provides consistency through out the RTR program efforts at Sandia. The approach incorporates a series of major tasks that overlap in order to provide continuity. The major task sequence is to: Establish in-country contacts - integrators, Obtain material characterizations, Perform site assessments and vulnerability assessments, Develop upgrade plans, Procure and install equipment, Conduct acceptance testing and performance testing, Develop procedures, and Conduct training. Other tasks are incorporated as appropriate and commonly include such as support of reconfiguring infrastructure, and developing security plans, etc. This standardized approach is applied to specific country and regional needs. Recent examples (FY 2003-2004) include foreign missions to Lithuania, Russian Federation Navy, Russia - PNPI, Greece (joint mission with IAEA), Tanzania, Iraq, Chile, Ecuador, and Egypt. Some of the ambitions and results of the RTR program may be characterized by the successes in Lithuania, Greece, and Russia.

  15. IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

    1997-02-01

    This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

  16. The criteria of fracture in the case of the leak of pressure vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habil; Ziliukas, A.

    1997-04-01

    In order to forecast the break of the high pressure vessels and the network of pipes in a nuclear reactor, according to the concept of leak before break of pressure vessels, it is necessary to analyze the conditions of project, production, and mounting quality as well as of exploitation. It is also necessary to evaluate the process of break by the help of the fracture criteria. In the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant of, in Lithuania, the most important objects of investigation are: the highest pressure pipes, made of Japanese steel 19MN5 and having an anticorrosive austenitic: coal inside, the pipes of distribution, which arc made of 08X1810T steel. The steel of the network of pipes has a quality of plasticity: therefore the only criteria of fragile is impossible to apply to. The process of break would be best described by the universal criteria of elastic - plastic fracture. For this purpose the author offers the criterion of the double parameter.

  17. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  18. Macro economic approach to oil production in OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shojai, S.

    1984-01-01

    This paper uses a macro economic model of oil exporting developing nations (OPEC) in conjunction with a social welfare function approach (optimal control) to derive an optimum level of oil production. The macro model assumes the economy produces only three goods (oil, imported goods, and nontraded goods), and the foreign exchange rate if fixed. There are twelve endogenous and nine exogenous variables. A 2SLS technique is applied to estimate the macro model using pooled data over the period from 1973-1979. Countries included in this study are: Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. The estimated macro model is used as a constraint in the process of maximization of a quadratic social welfare function which includes all of some of the endogenous variables of the model as well as the only control variable, namely, oil exports. Optimal oil production for the period 1974-1981 is calculated based on three different scenarios (A, B, and C). The empirical results indicate that oil revenue is an important factor in determination of GNP, government revenues, and expenditures, consumption, and money supply. The price level does not influence imports, consumption, and demand for money balances. Also, the nontraded goods industry seems to be an isolated industry, and distribution of income changes to the detriment of this industry as the economy becomes more open to international trade. The paper concludes that if economic growth is the main objective of policy makers, greater utilization of oil resources is required. Finally, it suggests more reliance on market forces and less subsidy programs.

  19. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva

    2008-08-07

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  20. Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poskas, P.; Kilda, R.; Poskas, G.

    2008-07-01

    There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

  1. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully monitored--particularly those negotiated with Cuba, Iran, Libya and Syria. (6) Waste management has also risen in importance for Minatom. Opportunities for raising funds by reprocessing, storing and permanently disposing of spent fuel from foreign states are being explored. Although currently prohibited by federal law, the Russian Parliament will likely pass legislation in support of this program.