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Sample records for libya hm heard

  1. HM-ACCESS Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Project HM-ACCESS Project Framework for the Use of Electronic Shipping Papers for the Transport of Hazardous Materials HM-ACCESS Project (Framework for the Use of Electronic...

  2. Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say By LONA O by a strongman for 42 years, a country of tribes and conflicting interests, a country with oil reserves desired, there is of course the matter of Libya's substantial oil reserves. An existing gas pipeline from Libya to Italy

  3. Voith High Efficiency HM Rotor Energy Data, A Repulper Rotor Design Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aue, J.; Fineran, B.

    2005-01-01

    blade (HOG rotor) 2. A new conventional repulping blade of the same style (spare HOG rotor) 3. A new energy efficient repulping blade (HM rotor) The HM rotor, a tall, swept-back blade design, has been engineered to provide effective turbulence...

  4. Facies Distribution, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin, NW Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moustafa, Mohamed Salem Hamadi

    2015-05-13

    This study presents the depositional facies, sequence stratigraphy, chemostratigraphy and diagenetic evolution of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin northwest Libya. Eight measured sections were sampled and analyzed. High...

  5. Global Climate Change and Contaminants, a Call to Arms Not Yet Heard?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohr, Jason

    Global Climate Change and Contaminants, a Call to Arms Not Yet Heard? A consensus has existed from the mid2000s that climate change is occurring and is the result of anthropogenic causes (Oreskes 2004 (SETAC) to develop research on the potential interactions between global climate change (GCC

  6. SEPTEMBER 2014 1 J.C. Heard Jazz Week @ Wayne All-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    SEPTEMBER 2014 1 ­ J.C. Heard Jazz Week @ Wayne All- Star Youth Ensemble At The Detroit Jazz 4800 Woodward Ave, Detroit, 48201 Free admission 17 ­ String Studio Recital Monday, 7:30 p.m. in SMRH.m. in SMRH 20 ­ 48th Annual Salute to Downtown Detroit Featuring the University Orchestra and Choral Union

  7. AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

    2010-07-01

    In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

  8. IDS120hm GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING WITHOUT/WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    IDS120hm GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING WITHOUT: (m IS FOR) modified Hg pool vessel IN IDS120h. # WITHOUT AND WITH Hg IN THE POOL SIMULATIONS Hg POOL VESSEL AND SHIFTED Be WIDOW FROM 600 cm (0.6 cm THICK) TO 300 cm (1 cm THICK). MODIFIED Hg

  9. INTEGRITY.We have all heard this word used countless times to describe something good, someone wise or worthy of a lot of respect. But what exactly is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    to integrity is consistency--setting high personal standards for oneself (honesty, trustworthiness, fairness and personal honesty in learning, teaching, research, and service. TRUST. An academic community of integrityINTEGRITY.We have all heard this word used countless times to describe something good, someone wise

  10. 2011 HM{sub 102}: DISCOVERY OF A HIGH-INCLINATION L5 NEPTUNE TROJAN IN THE SEARCH FOR A POST-PLUTO NEW HORIZONS TARGET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Alex H.; Holman, Matthew J.; McLeod, Brian A.; Buie, Marc W.; Borncamp, David M.; Spencer, John R.; Stern, S. Alan; Osip, David J.; Gwyn, Stephen D. J.; Fabbro, Sebastian; Kavelaars, J. J.; Benecchi, Susan D.; Sheppard, Scott S.; Binzel, Richard P.; DeMeo, Francesca E.; Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E.; Gay, Pamela L.; Petit, Jean-Marc; Tholen, David J.; and others

    2013-04-15

    We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM{sub 102}, has the highest inclination (29. Degree-Sign 4) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at H{sub V} {approx} 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, suggesting similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ{sub 103} and 2007 VL{sub 305}), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM{sub 102}, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospects for detecting 2011 HM{sub 102} from the New Horizons spacecraft during its close approach in mid- to late-2013.

  11. The Honor and Discipline Committee reports to the College each year about the nature of the cases it has heard, the judgments it has made, and the penalties it has determined.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    The Honor and Discipline Committee reports to the College each year about the nature of the cases it has heard, the judgments it has made, and the penalties it has determined. This report covers-2008 year. Following this report is a report on disciplinary activity in the Dean's Office. Report

  12. Music I Heard With You 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel, Claire

    1990-01-01

    bulk Pu in SNF is measuring the self-induced x-ray fluorescence (XRF). Previous XRF measurements of Three Mile Island (TMI) PWR SNF taken in July 2008 and January 2009 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) successfully illustrated the ability...

  13. Everyone has heard the statistics about how much of an energy hog IT has become: The emissions of a server are nearly that of a car! The electricity usage of data centers is growing 12 times faster than that of the U.S. as a whole!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yuanyuan

    "" Everyone has heard the statistics about how much of an energy hog IT has become: The emissions that of the U.S. as a whole! Given the significant energy consumption of data centers, improving their energy efficiency is an important social problem. However, energy efficiency is necessary but not sufficient

  14. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc JumpIndiana: Energy

  15. Research Opportunities 2015-16 Professor Dwayne Heard Professor Dwayne Heard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    -based instrumentation for the detection of tropospheric formaldehyde and glyoxal, and where opportunities arise, perform in controlling oxidants (for example OH) and in the production of ozone and secondary organic aerosol. The second for the ultra-sensitive detection of formaldehyde and glyoxal, which are based on laser-induced fluorescence

  16. Thermo Scientific HM525 NX Operator Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Jonathan

    . Separate taking back of electrical and electronic instruments in the countries of the European Union for any errors or omissions. The development of Thermo Scientific products and services is an ongoing: This is to be applied in the countries of the European Union and other European countries with a separate collecting

  17. A Glyptic Sketch from Isopata, HM 908

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1974-01-01

    This short study examines the dashed sketch of a suckling kid on a sealstone from Isopata, Knossos (LM IIIA:1 context) and draws conclusions on how seals were created....

  18. Managing infrastructure systems: who's heard in the decision making process? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sheri LaShel

    2004-09-30

    Citizen participation includes those activities by citizens who are not public officials that are more or less intended to influence the actions taken by government (Verba & Nie, 1972). Citizen initiated contacts are one ...

  19. What I Heard About Energy Policy through Advise the Advisor

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu relays some of the most popular sentiments that Americans conveyed to him during the White House's "Advise the Advisor" program on energy policy.

  20. I Heard The Music and other poems and translations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Freddie S

    1996-01-01

    .S. Eliot, and Postinodemism influenced my own creation of poetry. It also talks about the problems in translating a poem in a foreign language into English....

  1. Heard County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent| OpenOutpatient)

  2. Have You Heard? America is #1 Again. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨Found

  3. L)HM+H)/&D)$&'()$#&*+,%-./%&

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand Cubic Feet)Multimaterial MultiphysicsKwok Kobehalf of

  4. SWEET IN' SOUR CINDERELLA SEAFOOD Heard any good fish stories lately? Well,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interest with the addition of crisp bacon bits. Treat your family to Sweet 'n' Sour Ocean Perch soon bacon, cut into 1inch squares 1 cup chopped onion ·1 cup thinly sliced celery 1 teaspoon minced garlic lightly browned on underside, 8 to 10 minutes. While fish is cooking, fry bacon until crisp. Remove bacon

  5. Vol. 14 Spring 2005 he first time I heard of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    obviously has it made. But Kincaid's favorite gig is that of husband to Jenny and father to their five

  6. 24Meteorite Compositions: A matter of density Most people have heard about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the solar system. The above meteorite sample is called the Esquel Pallasite, and was part of a 1000 kilogram was the mass of each of the two ingredients to the pallasite? Problem 2 - Meteorite collectors find and sell Problem 2 - Meteorite collectors find and sell samples by the gram. The price of a gram of the Esquel

  7. Celebrating the 20th anniversary of the tritium shot heard around the world

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReportsDeterminatIonFornl7 Winn,Kim S (BPA)Future |Women's|

  8. Oh, the (Energy-Related) Stories I Have Heard... | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills and ReduceNovemberDOE'sManagement ofOh, the (Energy-Related) Stories I

  9. A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA: Having Your Voice Heard | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s s iof1 of 8 2Seismic Response ofmonth

  10. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  11. HM-ACCESS Project (Framework for the Use of Electronic Shipping...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety Engineering and Research Division May 2012 U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 2 H-azardous M-aterials A-utomated...

  12. Subjects: Trematoda And Trematode Diseases, Part 5: Supergenera And Genera H-M 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Roach, Katharine F.; Farr, Marion M.; Breen, Virginia L.

    1966-01-01

    ] (???????????? ????????. ??????) Land- u. Forstwirthsch. Ztg.?Land- und Forstwirthschaftliche Zeitung f?r das Nord?stliche Deutschland. K?nigsberg. Landwirth, Breslau. [Not available] Leaflet, U. S. Dept. Agrie.?Leaflet, U. S. Department of Agriculture. Washington, D. C. Li...

  13. n the summer of 2006, I heard that a new book called Godless presented an insightful and devastating criticism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olofsson, Peter

    , is not a scientist but a lawyer turned author and TV pundit, she nevertheless appeared to be an intelligent and well-educated and rationality within the academic left and ingeniously made his point by managing to get his nonsense article

  14. Inventory Theory "Sorry, we're out of that item." How often have you heard that during shopping trips? In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreani, Roberto

    , and retailers. For example, manufacturers need inventories of the materials required to make their products of all inventory--including finished goods, partially finished goods, and raw materials--in the United inventories is necessary for any company dealing with physical products, including manufacturers, wholesalers

  15. Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

  16. RecorlstructirlgSpati~l hm~gefrom Natural LanguageTexts Atsushi Yamada Tadashi Yall).alllolo Hisashi Ikrda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [)Ol'tltltt, rote. W(! h3,v(.~ lllltd(! itIl (iXpCl'itil(?ll[,itl (!Olllplltcl" in'ogrmn SPHINT (fl,r "'S

  17. ANALYSIS AND ALGORITHMS FOR SCHEDULING WITH MINIMAL SWITCHING Zili Shao, Qingfeng Zhuge, Edwin H.-M. Sha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha, Edwin

    to the traditional list scheduling. 1. INTRODUCTION Low power is becoming the critical design issue and perfor- mance the switching activities of a software application is one of most important power optimization methods when the hardware is built up. Low power scheduling can efficiently reduce switching ac- tivities

  18. LOOP SCHEDULING FOR MINIMIZING SCHEDULE LENGTH AND SWITCHING Zili Shao, Qingfeng Zhuge, Edwin H.-M. Sha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha, Edwin

    constraint. We design an algorithm, Power Reduction Rotation Schedul- ing (PRRS), to minimize both switching-complete when considering switching activities as the second constraint. An algorithm, Power Reduc- tion satisfying the timing constraint. Since switching activities play a key role in the total power consump- tion

  19. Fuel Etanol from Cellulosic Biomass LEE R. LYND, JANET H. CusHmAN, ROBERTA J. NICHOLS, CHARLES E. WYMAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    in the United States, petroleum supplies the largest share of total energy used and has the highest fraction, global climate change, bal- ance oftrade, and energy security. Energy balance, feed- stock supply from cellulosic bio- mass. The focus is on the use of ethanol as the primary fuel component on a scale

  20. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  1. Knowledge Advancing Social Justice Brandeis University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania

  2. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  3. Recently, I heard a researcher present a colloquium on computational aspects of protein-folding. Although this man was obviously an expert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traub, Joseph F.

    of protein-folding. Although this man was obviously an expert on the topic, he casually mentioned in passing that, of course, #2;protein- folding is NP-complete.#1; Protein-folding is a biological process that a particular mathematical model (minimal energy) of protein-folding is NP-complete in the Turing machine model

  4. Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Cyrenaican Miocene, Al-Jabal Al-Khdar Uplift and Soluq Trough, Ne Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amrouni, Khaled Saleh

    2015-08-11

    This study established the sequence stratigraphic framework of the Cyrenaican Miocene through the integration of the sedimentology, stratigraphy, gamma-ray logs, chemostratigraphy, and diagenesis. Carbon-isotope curves and gamma-ray logs...

  5. The Evolution of the FUSE Spike Long Range Planning System H.M. Calvani, A.F. Berman, W.P. Blair, J.R. Caplingera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mechanical failure, and subsequent modification of the attitude control system in November-December 2001 with an inclination of 25° to the equator. Primary contact with the satellite is accomplished through a ground station

  6. Process development for improved soft X-ray zone plates J. Reinspach *, M. Lindblom, O.v. Hofsten, M. Bertilson, H.M. Hertz, A. Holmberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be combined with efficiency-enhancing dry etching into an underlying germanium film. We present 16 nm half

  7. The Toroidal Field Coil Design for ARIES-ST W. Reiersen, F. Dahlgren, H-M. Fan, C. Neumeyer, and I. Zatz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power) of fusion. It does this by: · Applying advanced, but available laser forming and spray casting]. Additionally, liquid metal joints have been considered. For this study, a sliding joint utilizing Feltmetal

  8. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  9. Solar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2006 in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 JEAN-LUC L. J. DIGHAYE The Sun and Solar Eclipses Energy in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 IBRAHIM M. SALEH Computer SimulationSolar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at Waw an Namos

  10. Women Spring: Reclaiming Resistance as the Ultimate Other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Paige

    2013-01-01

    Egypt and Libya, for example were successful in forcing their leaders Mubarak and Gaddafi out of power.

  11. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  12. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    .04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011.03.10 NCAA · · · Keyword Frequency Libya 19.3% Japan nuclear crisis 16 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  13. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  14. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  15. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or dispositioned more than 5,000...

  16. Attachment F Marketplace Prohibited Items November 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Radio/Wireless Transmitting Equipment (e.g., eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) · Laser Pointers 3b Purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, or Sudan · Telecommunication Equipment & Features (cell

  17. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  18. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  19. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  20. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  1. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  2. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  3. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  5. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  7. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  8. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  9. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  11. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  12. Official Approved Minutes UT DALLAS STAFF COUNCIL MEETING MINUTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    (resigned,) Linda Heard, Lin Maute, Tracey Tatum, Rikk Terhune, Rhonda Walls GUESTS: Chief Larry Zacharias

  13. Unofficial and Unapproved Minutes These minutes are disseminated to provide information to the UTD Staff Council. They have not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Fleming, Kimberly Flicker, Linda Heard, Jay Jascott, Betty Maldonado, Lin Maute, Howard Medlock, Wendy

  14. Official and Approved Minutes These minutes are disseminated to provide information to the UTD Staff Council. They have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Elizondo, Kimberly Flicker, Linda Heard, Patrice Holt, Betty Maldonado, Lin Maute, Sandra Mitchell, Wendy

  15. Official and Approved Minutes These minutes are disseminated to provide information to the UTD Staff Council. They have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    , Arturo Elizondo, Colter Fleming, Kimberly Flicker, Linda Heard, Patrice Holt, Lin Maute, Howard Medlock

  16. Variations on Remy's algorithm Nicolas Curien

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgs, Christian

    ... Variation 2 I heard about this variation from Luc Devroye (Barbados workshop, March 2011). We define

  17. Thin film flow over substrates with topography P.H. Gaskell, Y.-Y. Koh, P.K. Jimack*, M. Sellier, H.M. Thompson and M.C.T. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimack, Peter

    117 Thin film flow over substrates with topography P.H. Gaskell, Y.-Y. Koh, P.K. Jimack*, M, as it encounters well-defined topography, S(X,Y). It builds on, extends and complements the recent experimental on the substrate. Figure 1: A sketch of a thin film flow down an inclined plate featuring a topography

  18. ARTICLE IN PRESS YJMAA:13032 Please cite this article in press as: H.-M. Wei et al., An epidemic model of a vector-borne disease with direct transmission and time delay, J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martcheva, Maia

    is the most prevalent vector-borne disease whose vectors are the mosquitoes. The mosquitoes are vectors of a number of infectious diseases most prominent among which are dengue (the second most important vector-borne disease), yellow fever, St Louis Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitic, and West Nile Fever, caused

  19. The rheology of aqueous solutions of ethyl hydroxy-ethyl cellulose (EHEC) and its hydrophobically modified analogue (hmEHEC): extensional flow response in capillary break-up, jetting (ROJER) and in a cross-slot extensional rheometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Vivek

    Cellulose derivatives containing associating hydrophobic groups along their hydrophilic backbone are used as rheology modifiers in the formulation of water-based spray paints, medicinal sprays, cosmetics and printable inks. ...

  20. Scanning tunneling microscope study of charge-density-wave modulations in NbTe4 Institute Jozef Stefan, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hla, Saw-Wai

    . Marinkovic´ Institute Jozef Stefan, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia H. Bo¨hm Geowissenschaften

  1. 1-31-12 SEAB Meeting Minutes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SEAB members heard opening remarks from Secretary Chu. During the first half of the day, the Board heard presentations from DOE staff, including a presentation on renewable energy and energy...

  2. Basic Services, Low-Income Settlements and the Local State: How Collectively-Organized Initiatives Redress Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Gregory Scott

    2015-01-01

    August 5, 2014 (2014b). Five RTI activists attacked in twoNovember 22, 2014 (2014c). RTI a costly affair? Wade, R. (Right to Information Act (RTI)? 0-Never heard of it 1-Heard

  3. Verbal De-escalation of the Agitated Patient: Consensus Statement of the American Association for Emergency Psychiatry Project BETA De-escalation Workgroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Agree or Agree to Disagree Fogging is an empathic behaviorfor the patient to be heard. Fogging and the broken record

  4. Introduction Streptococcus pneumoniae (SPN) is a major human pathogen that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    of the left flank with pain in the inferiolateral aspect. There were no rales heard and no cough. Complete

  5. Coherence-driven effects in sentence and discourse processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohde, Hannah

    2008-01-01

    between sentences like (80a-b), reliably generatingthe sentence they heard. (80a) with agent stress generated

  6. Fottea, Olomouc, 13(1): 114, 2013 1 Analysis of the type material of Pinnularia divergentissima (Grunow in Van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    islands in the southern Indian Ocean such as the Prince Edward Islands, Iles Kerguelen and Heard Island

  7. Fragmentation Barriers of Toroidal and Bubble Nuclei 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, HM; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.; Wong, C. Y.

    1994-01-01

    (1993). [15] H.M. Xu et al. , Phys. Rev. C 48, 933 (1993); H.M. Xu et al. , Nucl. Phys. A (in press); H.M. Xu, Phys. Rev. C 46, R2144 (1992). [16] G. Batko and J. Randrup, NucL Phys. A563, 97 (1993). [17] A. Bonasera, N. Colonna, and F. Gulminelli...

  8. "ChE is what ChEs do." We all have heard this saying, but in the past 10 to 15 years it has become hard to determine exactly what it is that chemical engineers do. The explosion of work from a central

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    in material science, separations, membranes, energy, systems biology, uses of nuclear magnetic resonance could be quite familiar with all aspects of the profession. This did not happen by accident. The very section called Perspectives, which debuts in this issue. Several reasons have motivated the introduction

  9. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by an average of 0.8 million bbld in September and October 2013. Increased global crude oil production, particularly from Libya and Iraq, in the past two months, at a time when...

  10. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    boosted global liquid fuels production relative to year-ago levels. However, OPEC crude oil production decreased slightly from year-ago levels, as production gains in Libya and...

  11. Policy Paper 49: The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    has chemical weapons (sulfur mustard gas, hydrogen cyanide,weapons. It may have used mustard gas delivered in bombs byLibya’s main nerve and mustard gas production facilities are

  12. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    in power of the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. TheseEgypt that saw the return of protesters to Cairo’s Tahir square following Mubarak’s succes- sor allotting dictatorial powers

  13. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Landon

    . Finally, performance and power costs are rea- sonable, with analyzers having little noticeable effect, Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  14. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening

  15. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  16. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    -rays or lasers? Yes No Does the proposal include boating and diving? Yes No Does the proposal include hazardous, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia

  17. Items Prohibited for Purchase January 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Turnbuckles Wire rope (slings, clips [clamps]) Illegal supplies purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North-Related Items( e.g. eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) Laser Pointers Machining or Machine Shop Work

  18. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  19. 32 Department of Geology and Geophysics University of Wisconsin-Madison Thomas Roberts, PhB 1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Clark M.

    . (a division of Mobil), but decided to do graduate studies at the UW. He rejoined Mobil thereafter geologist for Exxon in Bogota, Columbia, before joining Amoseas as an area geologist in Tripoli, Libya

  20. ,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from Libya of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Qatar of...

  1. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  2. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    . Our current students come from all around the world - China, Mexico, Canada, Nigeria, Libya, Egypt-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  3. Embargoesand Other Special Controls Part 746-page 1 Export Administration Regulations July 12, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , and License Exceptions for countries subject to general embargoes, currently Cuba, Libya, Iran and Iraq of the EAR. (2) Iran and Iraq. While BXA maintains controls on exports and reexports to Iranand Iraq

  4. Overlooked? The Growing Threat of Desertification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Julian

    2012-01-01

    of land degradation and desertification in Libya: Need forLu, J. (2010). Aeolian desertification and its causes in thethat the threat of desertification is both very real and

  5. The New Urbanism: Expanding the Vision for the Design Professions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1994-01-01

    the Vision for the Design Professions Partici pants 1 Aof design ] . The Profession and the Future: Expanding O u rthe environmental design professions. Hood: I once heard th

  6. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Home Plus Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are making their way to the market. These alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electric hybrids, hydrogen fuel cells, and bio-diesel. Students will probably have heard...

  8. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties.

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    fuels include propane, natural gas, electric hybrids, hydrogen fuel cells, and bio-diesel. Students will probably have heard of some of these alternative fuels, but they may...

  10. June 17, 2015 SEAB Meeting Minutes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Minutes This meeting was the second quarterly meeting for 2015 of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB). SEAB members heard opening remarks by DOE Secretary Ernest...

  11. Choice Games November 4, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Sergiu

    : Written by Sergiu Hart (email: hart@huji.ac.il, url: www://ma.huji.ac.il/hart). 1Source unknown. I heard

  12. EECBG Success Story: Texas County "Flips The Switch" On NewEnergy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    students received tours of the facility and heard presentations from vendors and other green organizations in the Rio Grande Valley on energy efficiency ideas for the home,...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the market. These alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electric hybrids, hydrogen fuel cells, and bio-diesel. Students will probably have heard of some of these...

  14. A major hindrance to rendering spoken dialog systems capable of ongoing, continuous listening without requiring a push-to-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvitz, Eric

    , if the system is responding to a request and the user coughs or some other background noise is heard, the system

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    These alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electric hybrids, hydrogen fuel cells, and bio-diesel. Students will probably have heard of some of these alternative fuels,...

  16. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  17. Student public commitment in a school-based diabetes prevention project: impact on physical health and health behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    D. Cusimano, L. DeBar, D. Elliot, H.M. Grund, S. McCormick,363:443-453. Venditti EM, Elliot DL, Faith MS, Firrell LS,

  18. Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program; the HEALTHY Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    D. Cusimano, L. DeBar, D. Elliot, H.M. Grund, S. McCormick,S43. 12. Venditti EM, Elliot DL, Faith MS, et al. Rational,

  19. Energy level structure and transition probabilities in the spectra...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    H.M. 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DYSPROSIUM IONS; ENERGY LEVELS; ERBIUM IONS; EUROPIUM IONS; GADOLINIUM IONS; HOLMIUM IONS; LANTHANUM...

  20. Disposal R&D in the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign: A Discussion of Opportunities for Active International Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkholzer, J.T.

    2012-01-01

    Test: HM test studying pore pressure and stress evolutionmeasurements, pore-pressure results, and hydrotest resultsto the fact that pore pressure and deformation signals can

  1. Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jungsoo

    2012-01-01

    function; µ r is the permeability of concrete (i.e. 4? × 10Permeability (H/m) Conductivity (S/m) Free space(vacuum) Air Concrete

  2. HOSPITAL ENERGY AUDITS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollack, R. I.

    2011-01-01

    Greenberg, A. "Energy Management -- How To Use It and WhatHm" to Start an Energy Management Pro~ gram." Hashington,Resources Administration. "Energy Management in Health Care

  3. Psychological Stress and skin aging: A review of possible mechanisms and potential therapies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Jeffrey H; Koo, John

    2013-01-01

    N. The grape antioxidant resveratrol for skin disorders:Therapeutic potential of resveratrol: the in vivo evidence.Kantarjian HM, et al. Resveratrol blocks interleukin-1beta-

  4. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  5. Volume 1, Issue 1 April 1, 2008Office of Environmental Sustainability Sustainability Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    with the spring 2007 campaign, over $25,000 of energy costs were avoided. Have you heard of the Energy Campaign Inside this Issue: 1Going Green Have you heard of the Energy Campaign? 2 Fall 2007 Energy Campaign campus clean up day volunteers raking leaves. Campus clean up day this year will be held on April 29th

  6. Appointment Future work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, David

    1/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Appointment scheduling #12;2/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So a mathematician walks into a room full

  7. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Council meeting, we heard from NEEA on its market transformation work. Last month, the Council heard from efficiency programs for over 80 percent of Oregon's total retail utility customer base. Umatilla Electric Cooperative will share the perspectives of an eastern Oregon public-power cooperative. Margie Harris

  8. School of Chemistry CHEM3100: Chemistry at a Molecular Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    School of Chemistry CHEM3100: Chemistry at a Molecular Level Tutorial Groups 2014/15 Name Programme Tutor Arif, Saboor Chemistry Armstrong, Sam W. Chemistry Beaumont, Jack P. Chemistry Dwayne Heard Bennett, Niall C. Chemistry Room 1.28a Betts, Samuel A. Chemistry D.E.Heard@leeds.ac.uk Booth, Natalie L

  9. IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P12 'POINT') WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P12 'POINT POWER DISTRIBUTION. Nicholas Souchlas, PBL (1/24/2012) 1 #12;IDS120hm: (m IS FOR) modified Hg pool 'POINT'). >GAUSSIAN PROFILE: x = y = 0.12 cm. 2 #12;3 IDS120hm GEOMETRY = IDS120h WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL

  10. Products and symmetrised powers of irreducible representations of SO \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toumazet, Frédéric

    Products and symmetrised powers of irreducible representations of SO \\Lambda (2n) R C Kingyx F'n, Poland 31 March 1998 Abstract. The calculation of branching rules, tensor products and plethysms products is derived and a complete analysis of the terms in both Hm \\Theta Hm 0 and H \\Theta H is given

  11. Artculo publicado en "Tierra y Tecnologa", 9: 37-42. 1995 EL EMBALSE SUBTERRANEO DE LA VEGA DE GRANADA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castillo, Antonio

    recursos medios de 180 hm3/a y unas reservas explotables del orden de los 1.000 hm3. El material acuífero bien la cuenca vertiente abarca un área de 2.900 km2. Las aguas presentan, a nivel general, buena, con espesores superiores a los 250 m en el sector central (mapa de isoespesores saturados en figura 1B

  12. High-Aspect Ratio Deep Sub-Micron -Si Gate Etch Process Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grizzle, Jessy W.

    .-M. Park Mask U of M Industry Industry Goal · High throughput · Good morphology · Minimum gate oxide damage1 High-Aspect Ratio Deep Sub-Micron -Si Gate Etch Process Control H.-M. Park, T. L. Brock, D · Blank sample ·Patterned sample · Conclusion H.-M. Park #12;3 Etching Process of Deep Sub

  13. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3% Nigeria 3% China 2% Iran 11% Kuwait 12% Iraq 14% Saudi Aramco 32% Source: The Oil Daily, 12/23/1999 Total

  14. Research and Satellite Applications -Cristina Bentz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications ·New projects Overview #12;PETROBRAS Oil, Gas and Energy Company E&P TRADINGHEAD OFFICE DOWNSTREAM GAS & ENERGY REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Houston Colombia Argentina Angola United Kingdom USA BRAZIL Bolivia Rio de Janeiro NigeriaVenezuela Ecuador Peru Mexico Tanzania Iran China Japan New York Uruguay Libya

  15. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

  16. R. Muoz et al. (Eds.): NLDB 2011, LNCS 6716, pp. 238241, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ], CRFs [7]. Results produced by statistical taggers obtain about 95%-97% of correctly tagged words. There are also, hybrid methods that use both knowledge based and statistical resources. 3 Amazighe Language The Amazighe language is spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Siwa (an Egyptian Oasis); it is also

  17. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan that there are three critical variables in this interaction: redundancy in communications, distribution of power across in situations of a popular uprising, and what can be done to prevent it?1 Egypt is not the only country

  18. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi, Christopher Kruegel, Giovanni Vigna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    in December 2010 to shake the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening to repressive regimes that censorship has become a central point

  19. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  20. CERN with ITER, by Franois of Rose THE WORLD | 03.02.04 | 14h06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the foreign politics of the France in 2003, most serious, and by far, is that which would be finalized of the agreement of renunciation of Libya of the nuclear weapons concluded with the Anglo-American ones and major, at the free-Switzerland border, of the CERN (European Center for the nuclear research) at the beginning

  1. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from sun. These four nations comprise approximately 130 millions inhabitants altogether and solar energy

  2. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  3. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  4. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  5. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  6. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  7. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  8. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

  9. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  11. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,762 35 104 108 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 520 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 215 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  12. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 4,727 51 69 83 8 41 49 Algeria 212 21 40 48 0 0 0 Indonesia 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 390 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 268 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  13. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 4,825 37 86 111 22 25 47 Algeria 228 20 53 59 0 0 0 Indonesia 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 524 0 0 1 0 0 0 Kuwait 197 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 43 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  14. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 704 1,604 246 942 1,188 Algeria 1,035 0 404 1,230 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  16. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,816 35 105 109 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 527 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  17. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  18. Lessons Learned from Past Negotiations to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --and with it an illicit shipment of centrifuge parts to Libya--and having been confronted with incontrovertible evidence."iv Thus, the negotiations with the Europeans bought time for Tehran to finish its uranium conversion years. Unfortunately, however, while halting the plutonium program, the DPRK went ahead with its uranium

  19. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a predominantly stable DNA modification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachman, Martin; Uribe-Lewis, Santiago; Yang, Xiaoping; Williams, Michael; Murrell, Adele; Balasubramanian, Shankar

    2014-09-21

    growing during the past 5 years12 many fundamentally important questions remain unanswered20. Herein we have focused on the metabolism of C to mC and hmC in genomic DNA to specifically elucidate whether hmC is exclusively derived from mC, how hm... C was performed on an AB Sciex Triple Quad 6500 mass spectrometer fitted with an Agilent Infinity 1290 LC system and an Acquity UHPLC HSS T3 column (50 ? 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm particle size) at a flow rate of 300 µl/min, and a gradient of 0.1% formic acid in water...

  20. FE's Advanced Combustion R&D Seeks Innovative Ways to Lower Cost...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Learn more about the FE Advanced Combustion R&D. You've probably heard about carbon capture and storage (CCS), a suite of technologies designed to capture and store carbon dioxide...

  1. Frank Blaisdell: Santa Cruz in the Early 1900s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regional History Project, UC Santa Cruz Library

    1967-01-01

    off the timber to burn lime, and then around those redwoodDavis and Jordan who had the lime kilns. And he bought outof course, for exporting his lime; now I've heard that other

  2. The Longhorn Liftoff SPRING 2011 / VOLUME ELEVEN/ ISSUE ONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lightsey, Glenn

    , and this issue will de- scribe a sampling of the latest projects and accomplishments of our students, faculty and informative talk. Our students also heard how aero- space principles apply to oil exploration from former Air

  3. See the symmetries by Simon Saunders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Simon

    in Autobiography, in 1934: I heard about and laid hold of the idea of a four dimensional frame for a fresh- perimental physics."(H. G. Wells, "Experiment in Autobiography", 1934, p.172) Wells would have read Symmetry

  4. EM Takes Safe, Unique Approach to Underground Demolition at Hanford Site, Saves Money

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – Some people in the community heard an explosion the morning of Aug. 16 that heralded another significant step in environmental cleanup at EM’s Hanford site.

  5. Financial Times -It pays to think before you click http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/62f9547a-94f0-11df-af3b-00144feab49a.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    to have said that in any form" but, in April, when US lawmakers heard testimony from executives at Goldman Sachs in long hearings about the financial crisis, e-mail played a starring role. Congressional leaders

  6. Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of VPP Work Everywhere-Even in a Combat Zone By David Baker When I heard about a new position in the Army Reserve called a "combat safety officer," I wondered who would...

  7. "philphdthesiseng" --2013/3/25 --11:25 --page i --#1 Linkoping Studies in Arts and Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    ? If I am elected, the concrete barriers around the WHITE HOUSE will be replaced by tasteful foam HEART-WARMING rendition of "I DID IT MY WAY Ive ever heard!! Is it because was the most heart warming

  8. "tecphdthesisswe" --2013/3/25 --11:25 --page i --#1 Linkoping Studies in Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    fishwich coming up? If I am elected, the concrete barriers around the WHITE HOUSE will be replaced HEART-WARMING rendition of "I DID IT MY WAY Ive ever heard!! Is it because was the most heart warming

  9. "tecphdthesiseng" --2013/3/25 --11:25 --page i --#1 Linkoping Studies in Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    ? If I am elected, the concrete barriers around the WHITE HOUSE will be replaced by tasteful foam HEART-WARMING rendition of "I DID IT MY WAY Ive ever heard!! Is it because was the most heart warming

  10. Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    ve heard. Instead of the microbes. Larkey: Exactly. And thenwant to create beneficial microbes, is what you’re doing. (trying to breed beneficial microbes, and to the extent that

  11. Platts 4th Annual Nuclear Energy Conference | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to address this conference. This morning you have heard much about the state of new nuclear power in the U.S. and with some of the notable speakers here, probably everything about...

  12. How Listeners Infer the Causes of Disfluent Speech 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsay, Dawn

    2009-07-03

    The effect of disfluencies on listeners’ judgements of the confidence and correctness of a speaker was measured and the mechanisms used by listeners to infer the causes of these disfluencies were investigated. Listeners heard speakers give answers...

  13. MIT's Oldest and Largest Newspaper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's residents are his students, and he is friends with many Senior House alumni. "I've always heard about Senior included interviews with Chancellor Cynthia Barnhart PhD '88, Dean for Student Life Chris Co- lombo

  14. Watch For New PowerSaver Pilot Loan Program in Your Area | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy For anybody who has heard about the many benefits of upgrading your home with an energy efficient water heater or furnace-or has wanted to make simple energy-saving home...

  15. Zero-Energy Home Tour: Coming to a City Near You

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    You may have already heard about the Living Zero Home Tour, which is a traveling and interactive exhibit featuring ENERGY STAR products, eco-friendly construction methods, and innovative...

  16. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Hearded, sifted and cut off: Refugees' West Timor camps meanWorld Bank. Al-Qudsi, S. S. 2000. "Profiles of refugee andnon-refugee Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza."

  17. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    be doing, you know, nuclear power. (I didn’t know anythingd never heard an argument against nuclear power in my life.weapons, sure, but not nuclear power. ) I studied so hard.

  18. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE Zero Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Words matter...they matter a lot Have you ever heard of the Patagonian Toothfish? The fish industry tried to peddle this awful sounding name for edible food, and surprise, they...

  19. GROUP 2 -Health Issues with the Port Townsend biomass power plant 26 Apr 2012 Here are a few thoughts: treat this as an open-ended set of questions, which go beyond this list.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? We heard about dioxin, which is surprising, for example in its relationship with salt and salt water (e.g. if one burns driftwood from the sea, apparently dioxin is a product). Did they really have

  20. Reinventing the Wheel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2009-10-28

    Broadcast Transcript: You heard it here before though maybe not first: China invented everything. From gunpowder to the wheelbarrow to paper and ink, it was made in China first. Which puts the Chinese in a bind. I mean, ...

  1. Japan and Taiwan in the wake of bio-globalization : drugs, race and standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Wen-Hua

    2005-01-01

    This is a study of Japan and Taiwan's different responses to the expansion of the global drug industry. The thesis focuses on the problematic of "voicing," of how a state can make its interests heard in the International ...

  2. Date: _________________ ATTENTION: Local and State Agencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touretzky, David S.

    entering/exiting property, daily trash trucks, refrigerated semi-trucks delivering food, carpet cleaning of industrial vacuum cleaners that can be heard 4 homes away, and industrial washers/dryers that disturb

  3. America and the Misshaping of a New World Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Giles; Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl

    2010-01-01

    all I heard was Bomb Iraq . . . Bomb Iran . . . or damnAssassin’s Gate: America in Iraq (New York: Farrar, Strausof the American invasion of Iraq. It would lead the “great

  4. Factors associated with bicycle ownership and use: a study of six small U.S. cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.; Xing, Yan; Buehler, Theodore J.

    2010-01-01

    S.L. : Fifty years of bicycle policy in Davis. Transp. Res.be heard: San Diego County bicycle use and attitude survey.Hispanic pedestrian and bicycle safety. The Federal Highway

  5. How Are Momentum Savings Calculated?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Simplifying the Math: How Are Momentum Savings Calculated? Many people have heard about Momentum savings but don't understand how these types of savings are calculated. The short...

  6. Summary Minutes of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting on October 12, 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    SEAB members heard opening remarks from Chairman Perry and Secretary Chu. Secretary Chu gave a presentation on DOE in the innovation chain. Following Secretary Chu’s opening session was a “Director...

  7. “A Massive Long Way”: Interconnecting Histories, a “Special Child,” ADHD, and Everyday Family Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garro, Linda C.; Yarris, Kristin E.

    2009-01-01

    or- you know? It’s just- hhh- you know, people spend theirhouse, hm? Who was it? Mark: hhh Me::: Kelly: Well now I’m33:559–607 ALL CAPS hhh (hhh) (word) (xxx) [Transcriber’s

  8. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Is Not Present in Appreciable Quantities in Arabidopsis DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gehring, Mary

    5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) is an intermediate in active demethylation in metazoans, as well as a potentially stable epigenetic mark. Previous reports investigating 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in plants have reached ...

  9. FOG CHAMBER STUDIES OF SOOT-CATALYZED SO2 OXIDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benner, W.H.

    2013-01-01

    VACUUM BW" Boiling water F " Filter HM= Heating mantel N "Fluoropore filter was extracted in water and analyzed forfilter was analyzed for total carbon by combustion analysis. When pure water

  10. FOG CHAMBER STUDIES OF SOOT-CATALYZED SO2 OXIDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benner, W.H.

    2013-01-01

    VACUUM BW" Boiling water F " Filter HM= Heating mantel N "the Fluoropore filter was extracted in water and analyzedfilter was analyzed for total carbon by combustion analysis. When pure water

  11. Engineering Modular Post-Translational Control Strategies in Prokaryotes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, Weston Robert

    2012-01-01

    E. coli. Metabolic engineering 12, Salis, H.M. , Mirsky, E.Levy, M. & Ellington, A.D. Engineering stochasticity in geneBecskei, A. & Serrano, L. Engineering stability in gene

  12. Personal Carbon Trading: Lessons from Complementary Currencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    , and so mitigate the extent and cost of harmful impacts of climate change, faces governments, businesses, 2006; HM Government, 2006). Average per capita carbon emissions currently stand at 9.1 tonnes a year

  13. Explosion at Walton Colliery Yorkshire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, T. A.

    MINISTRY OF POWER EXPLOSION AT WALTON COLLIERY YORKSHIRE REPORT On the causes of, and circumstances attending, the explosion which occurred at Walton Colliery, Yorkshire, on 22nd April, 1959 by T. A. ROGERS, C.B.E. H.M. ...

  14. ~ 4[1 HoMfWoRK Min Kj \\A()~ JI,{".5 ~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jolly, Michael S.

    . IVlI.4.$ A is. c.to.sid. But A If, not bov(()d~J. ej H -f3 t'hm.) A IS l'1\\?t (OMptllt. § 1.7. 4 L

  15. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    societies in any data base to which models are fitted.a model is successfully fitted to a suitable data base ofmodels P(X = 1) = f(m, t), X = h(m, t) to the data bases of

  16. CRYSTAL AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF HYDRIDOTIS (BIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)AMIDO]URANIUM(IV)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Richard A.

    2012-01-01

    BIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)AMIDO]URANIUM(IV) Richard A. Andersen,BIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)AMIDO]URANIUM(IV) Richard A. Andersen,of thorium (IV) and uranium (IV), HM[N(SiMe ) 2] 3 , have

  17. Stone marten (Martes foina) habitat in a Mediterranean ecosystem: effects of scale, sex, and interspecific interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Maria João; Santos-Reis, Margarida

    2010-01-01

    homing techniques (Palomares and Delibes 1992; White and453 Matos HM, Santos MJ, Palomares F, Santos-Reis M (2008)of Wisconsin Press, Madison Palomares F, Delibes M (1992)

  18. System and Method for Discovering Information Objects and Information Object Repositories in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    4 pgs. (Oct. 22, 2002). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, HarrickIsrael, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, and

  19. System and Method forUsing Uniform Resource Locators To Map Application Layer Content Namesto Network Layer Anycast Addresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2008-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin andpages. Apr. 17, 1998. Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlim, Harrick1998, pp. 783-791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithms

  20. System and Method for DiscoveringInformation Objects and Information Object Repositories in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2007-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin and1998, pp. 783-791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsin hierarchical Web caches, Tewari, Dahlin, Vin and Kay (R.

  1. System and Method forInformation Object Routing in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, and7,552,233 B2 Page 3 Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M.

  2. System and Method for Directing Clients to Optimal Servers in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2010-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, andApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  3. System and Method for Directing Clients to Optimal Servers in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, andApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  4. System and Method for Using a Mapping between Client Addresses and Addresses of Caches To Support Content Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin and1998, pp. 783- 791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  5. "philphdthesisswe" --2013/3/25 --11:25 --page i --#1 Linkoping Studies in Arts and Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    life that you say one fishwich coming up? If I am elected, the concrete barriers around the WHITE HOUSE.. That was the most HEART-WARMING rendition of "I DID IT MY WAY Ive ever heard!! Is it because was the most heart warming rendition of you did it your way you have ever heard that you came to me? I know how to get

  6. THE UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA April 10, 2012 9:00 am 12:00 noon Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neil, Joe

    Building Final Examination CHEM 4700 Advanced Biochemistry Laboratory Examiners: M. Khajehpour / B. Mark can be used to determine the 3D structure of a protein in solution. Be sure to explain the roles-[(Hm +x*Sm )/(R*x)] 1+ e-[(Hm +x*Sm )/(R*x)] 2 4a) What was the purpose of the D2O in the hydrogen

  7. IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P11/P12 'POINTS') (CONT.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P11/P12hm: (m IS FOR) modified Hg pool vessel IN IDS120h. # 1E5 AND 5E5 SIMULATIONS COMPARISON = y = 0.12 cm. 2 #12;3 IDS120hm GEOMETRY = IDS120h WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL AND SHIFTED Be WIDOW

  8. Pulverized coal injection (PCI) at Inland`s No. 7 blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, W.L.; Greenawald, P.B.; Ranade, M.G.; Ricketts, J.A.; Zuke, D.A. [Inland Steel Co., East Chicago, IN (United States)

    1995-12-01

    Fuel injection at the tuyeres has always been part of normal operating practice on this blast furnace. It has been used as much because of the beneficial effects on furnace operation as for the replacement of some of the coke that would otherwise be consumed. Fuel oil was used at first, but since the early 1980s it was more economical to inject natural gas. Studies in 1990 indicated that natural gas could be increased to 75 kg/tHM on No. 7 Furnace, and this would result in a coke rate of approximately 360 kg/tHM. It was apparent that coal injection offered significantly more opportunity for coke savings. Coke rate could be lowered to 300 kg/tHM with coal injected at 175 kg/tHM. Some combustion limitations were expected at that level. A coke rate of 270 kg/tHM with coal at 200 kg/tHM may be possible once these limitations are overcome. Furnace permeability was expected to limit the ability to reduce coke rate any further. In addition, the relative cost of coal would be significantly lower than the cost of coke it replaced. This lead to the decision late in 1991 to install pulverized coal injection (PCI) equipment for all of Inland`s blast furnaces. This paper will deal with PCI experience at No. 7 Blast Furnace.

  9. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  10. Search for possible solar neutrino radiative decays during total solar eclipses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cecchini, S; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, R; Popa, V

    2006-01-01

    Total solar eclipses (TSEs) offer a good opportunity to look for photons produced in possible radiative decays of solar neutrinos. In this paper we briefly review the physics bases of such searches as well as the existing limits on the neutrino proper lifetimes obtained by such experiments. We the report on the observations performed in occasion of the 29 March 2006 TSE, from Waw an Namos, Libya.

  11. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16,736 7,162 7,088 14,250 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  13. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,990 12,893 Algeria 62,126 5,591 14,394 16,019 0 0 0 Indonesia 4,069 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,961 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 53,707 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 11,682 0 318...

  14. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    16,601 7,162 6,863 14,025 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  15. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,574 17,765 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,281 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 192,524 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 82,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  16. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9,563 17,754 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,212 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 189,657 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 78,611 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 114,309 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 3,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 10,192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  18. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,266 2,620 2,656 0 0 0 Algeria 6,290 734 1,510 227 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,139 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 4,231 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1,570 1,422 980 0 329 329 Algeria 4,708 665 827 256 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,536 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,833 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  20. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,584 246 1,271 1,517 Algeria 6,570 665 1,231 1,486 0 0 0 Indonesia 870 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 12,100 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,314 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 84,797 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 2,479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 7,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,173 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  2. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 2,183 3,212 Algeria 58,368 6,256 14,755 2,002 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,265 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 71,849 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  3. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    11,425 5,903 5,809 11,712 Algeria 15,691 0 3,463 10,240 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 5,679 0 0 622 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  4. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 117,889 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 4,118 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 11,629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  5. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 1,947 2,976 Algeria 58,886 6,256 14,755 1,933 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 140,835 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 67,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  6. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,016 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 6,542 734 2,044 1,587 0 0 0 Indonesia 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 13,299 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 5,495 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  7. Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoessel, Chris

    2013-11-13

    This project developed a new high-performance R-10/high SHGC window design, reviewed market positioning and evaluated manufacturing solutions required for broad market adoption. The project objectives were accomplished by: identifying viable technical solutions based on modeling of modern and potential coating stacks and IGU designs; development of new coating material sets for HM thin film stacks, as well as improved HM IGU designs to accept multiple layers of HM films; matching promising new coating designs with new HM IGU designs to demonstrate performance gains; and, in cooperation with a window manufacturer, assess the potential for high-volume manufacturing and cost efficiency of a HM-based R-10 window with improved solar heat gain characteristics. A broad view of available materials and design options was applied to achieve the desired improvements. Gated engineering methodologies were employed to guide the development process from concept generation to a window demonstration. The project determined that a slightly de-rated window performance allows formulation of a path to achieve the desired cost reductions to support end consumer adoption.

  8. Knowledge and Awareness of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Among Women

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jeon, Jiyeon; Victor, Marcia; Adler, Stuart P.; Arwady, Abigail; Demmler, Gail; Fowler, Karen; Goldfarb, Johanna; Keyserling, Harry; Massoudi, Mehran; Richards, Kristin; et al

    2006-01-01

    Background . Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of disabilities in children, yet the general public appears to have little awareness of CMV. Methods . Women were surveyed about newborn infections at 7 different geographic locations. Results . Of the 643 women surveyed, 142 ( 22 % ) had heard of congenital CMV. Awareness increased with increasing levels of education ( P .0001 ). Women who had worked as a healthcare professional had a higher prevalence of awareness of CMV than had other women ( more »id='E3'> 56 % versus 16 % , P .0001 ). Women who were aware of CMV were most likely to have heard about it from a healthcare provider ( 54 % ), but most could not correctly identify modes of CMV transmission or prevention. Among common causes of birth defects and childhood illnesses, women's awareness of CMV ranked last. Conclusion . Despite its large public health burden, few women had heard of congenital CMV, and even fewer were aware of prevention strategies. « less

  9. Two plateaux for palladium hydride and the effect of helium from tritium decay on the desorption plateau pressure for palladium tritide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, R.T.; Lee, M.W. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Savannah River Lab., Aiken, SC (US))

    1991-10-01

    Two plateaux are observed in the desorption isotherm for palladium hydride: a lower plateau pressure for a hydrogen/metal atom ratio (H/M) less than about 0.3 and a slightly higher plateau pressure for H/M greater than about 0.3. This higher pressure corresponds to the reported pressure for palladium hydride. These observations were made for a large surface area palladium powder exposed to both protium and tritium. Helium buildup form tritium decay decreases the lower plateau pressure but does not affect the observations for H/M greater than about 0.3. In this paper, a multiple-energy hydrogen site occupancy model is proposed to explain qualitatively both the dual plateau and the helium effect in palladium hydride.

  10. Electromagnetic scattering from two dielectric spheres: Mueller matrix and extinction coefficent calculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Cleon Eugene

    1982-01-01

    m (-[e(m, n)v (s) n=l m=0 +i [e(m, n)z (e) ? h(m, n) v (e) ] where the choice of trigonometric function is based on v = [ ~Z]. 0 =I if m=0 and Z if m)0. The coefficients e(m, n) and h(m, n) are e(m, n) = AE m'n) + BE -ikdcose (Ea) h(m, n) = AH...) are the solutions to the set of complex valued linea equations mentioned in the last subsection. These equations are given by Bruning and Lo as AE(m, n)=v (ka)(p(m, n)+ , ' [A ?BE(m, v)+B B&(m, v)]j, V (loa) A (m, n)=u (ka) jq(m, n)+ ) [A' B (m, v)+B B (m, v...

  11. Structure of Naegleria Tet-like dioxygenase (NgTet1) in complexes with a reaction intermediate 5-hydroxymethylcytosine DNA

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hashimoto, Hideharu; Pais, June E.; Dai, Nan; Corrêa, Jr., Ivan R.; Zhang, Xing; Zheng, Yu; Cheng, Xiaodong

    2015-08-31

    The family of ten-eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases is widely distributed across the eukaryotic tree of life, from mammals to the amoeboflagellate Naegleria gruberi. Like mammalian Tet proteins, the Naegleria Tet-like protein, NgTet1, acts on 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and generates 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) in three consecutive, Fe(II)- and ?-ketoglutarate-dependent oxidation reactions. The two intermediates, 5hmC and 5fC, could be considered either as the reaction product of the previous enzymatic cycle or the substrate for the next cycle. Here we present a new crystal structure of NgTet1 in complex with DNA containing a 5hmC. Along with the previously solvedmore »NgTet1–5mC structure, the two complexes offer a detailed picture of the active site at individual stages of the reaction cycle. In the crystal, the hydroxymethyl (OH-CH2-) moiety of 5hmC points to the metal center, representing the reaction product of 5mC hydroxylation. The hydroxyl oxygen atom could be rotated away from the metal center, to a hydrophobic pocket formed by Ala212, Val293 and Phe295. Such rotation turns the hydroxyl oxygen atom away from the product conformation, and exposes the target CH2 towards the metal-ligand water molecule, where a dioxygen O2 molecule would occupy to initiate the next round of reaction by abstracting a hydrogen atom from the substrate. The Ala212-to-Val (A212V) mutant profoundly limits the product to 5hmC, probably due to the reduced hydrophobic pocket size restricts the binding of 5hmC as a substrate.« less

  12. Inaugural Lecture: The Warrant of Induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor, David Hugh

    1988-01-21

    fatigue and caterpillars turning into butterflies are two more obvious examples. But we recognise them inductively. Our mortality statistics show that the observed chances of adults surviving another year have so far always or nearly always decreased... , or almost none, of the many lectures, on all subjects, which you've heard or heard of, have lasted that long. If many of them had, you wouldn't have known that this one won't; but as it is, you do know that. That's a piece of induction. We believe...

  13. Reflections on Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2014-09-22

    the mafia threaten people, is that violence? If a man comes home drunk and curses his wife, is that violence? Can we, as I’ve heard, even call certain kinds of music, architecture or even speech – for instance what 10 happened at Hitler’s rallies... . It seems nearer to what I’ve heard called ‘feuding’, such as what is happening in Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Sri Lanka, many parts of Africa. Are these really feuds and, if so, what is a feud? 12 It’s obvious that there are many kinds of war...

  14. The Fix Issue 20 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    2000-01-01

    stopped his circling, facing the front door. Right or left? Starsky went left. He took the doorknobs of the double doors in his hands and twisted. The knobs gave easily, but the doors didn't budge. Starsky pushed a little on the left door, then put... hand into his jeans pocket to see if he had anything that might help. The change was rattling when he heard the noise again. Hutch leaned closer to the door, putting his ear against the thick wood. "Starsky?" he called. He was sure he heard 12...

  15. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  16. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  17. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  18. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  19. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  20. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  1. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    have picked up ideas in all those places wbich differed from the views held on the Greek mainland and its surrounding islands. We know that under King Da'rius (reigned 521·485 B.C.) the Persian army had conqured part of India and part of Libya so... ) pared with the other two. The English word 'humour', therefore, pro­ bably expresses its meaning better. It is derived from the Latin humor, Greek khymos (English derivative chyme), which means 'fluid, mois­ ture' as we koow it in the English word...

  2. Social organization and behavior of aoudad (Ammotragus lervia) in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solbert, Alan Goodrich Kirk

    1983-01-01

    for their encouragement during the last few years and P. Fenn for her unflagging diligence in typing this manuscript. I also want to thank Dr. J. Teer for help in securing funding for this study. I am grateful to the Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildlife..., but their present status is unknown (Happold 1967). It may be that the last aoudad strongholds are in the uninhabited regions of the Atlas Mountains (Schomber and Kock 1959-60, Edmond-Blanc 1954), the Ennedi Mountains, and parts of Libya and northern Sudan...

  3. Reproductive behavior of addax antelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manski, David Allen

    1979-01-01

    -around (mutual circling of the partners), Laufschlag and Flehmen. Estrous was very brief, lasting for a period of approximately 24 to 48 h. Copulation was almost exclusively done by alpha males. Gestation was estimated at nine months, and calving occurred..., and they have disappeared from Tunisia. Apparently the last addax was shot in Bgypt by a bedouin hunter about 1900 (llarper 1945) . A remnant population of addax exisLed in the southern regions of Libya in 1. 966 (Dolan 1966). In Chad, addax seem...

  4. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  5. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    In the Indo-Tibetan humoral system diseases are divided in to hot aod cold ones, and diseases are cured by a contrary remedy, that is, hot diseases by cold remedies and vice versa. For instance, Vagbhata says in his Ashtanghrdayasamhita : J 8) According... . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because...

  6. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibya

  7. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibyaMexico

  8. A Data-Acquisition Model for Learning and Cognitive Development and Its Implications for Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    A Data-Acquisition Model for Learning and Cognitive Development and Its Implications for Autism that represents what has been heard and observed. Autism is viewed as the consequence of a dis- order in the data cognitive deficits associated with autism, including weak central coherence, impaired theory of mind

  9. Turning Tragedy inTo opporTuniTy When James Lyons '03 enlisted in the army after

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    Turning Tragedy inTo opporTuniTy When James Lyons '03 enlisted in the army after graduation from and worked hard in biochemistry--not an easy degree program." His father, Bob Lyons, echoes this assessment heard about his good deeds." Scholarship to ease Burden of Loss Despite their grief, Lyons's fiancée

  10. The Faculty of Engineering has a new dean, but one with a familiar face.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    as "carbon footprint." Groundwater, which originates in rain, snow or ice, collects or flows beneath groundwater footprint. If you haven't heard that term yet, read on, because it soon could become as familiar the earth's surface, providing the water to replenish aquifers, springs and wells. The groundwater footprint

  11. Percussion synthesis based on models of nonlinear shell vibration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao, Stefan

    resonating component of a musical instrument is linear. Perceptually, the effects of the vibration of a thin structure at high amplitudes can be heard as crashes, pitch glides, and the slow buildup of high-frequency energy characteristic of gongs. A large...

  12. Alvarado MD1, Mackay TM1 De La Rosa EM2, Whitworth KW1, Valerio MA1 Frio Translational Board Members, Atascosa Health Center, Karnes Community Advisory Board Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    for a Healthy Community and Environment (PaCE) Project: Exploring Health Literacy, Attitudes, and Behaviors of the impact of oil and gas development in Atascosa, Frio, and Karnes counties. Methods · Research protocol having heard of fracking while only 53.4% of participants reported they understand the process

  13. EVOLUTION OF AUDIOMETRY: CLINICAL TESTING OF A NEW TABLET AUDIOMETER Nicolas N Ellaham1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jourdan, Guy-Vincent

    -Vincent Jourdan1 , Sandra Champagne2 , Jeff Yeung2 , and Matthew Bromwich2 1 School of Electrical Engineering with specific play behaviour: for example, when the sound is heard, the child is allowed to drive a car down a race track. However, CPA is resource intensive and only available in select locations. It is more time

  14. Taylor Hicks' Soul Patrol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedwell, David M.

    of Engineering are preparing a Formula One race car to be entered into the annual Formula SAE Project Lucas heard her students wanted to build a Formula One (F1) racing car to enter into an annual national competition, she says the deci- sion to go forward was an easy one. "Mechanical and material engineering

  15. A Review of "The Complete Works of Gerrard Winstanley" edited by Thomas N. Corns, Ann Hughes, and David Loewenstein 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Tom

    2011-01-01

    day while he was in a trance he heard a voice that said, ?Worke together. Eat bread together, declare this all abroad.? Winstan- ley was ?raised up and filled with abundance of quiet peace and secret reviews 69 joy? (i:513). And in the later work...

  16. F A C U L T Y Kay Clapp, Donna Fisher-Rhinesmith, Lou Ann Gilchrist,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    F A C U L T Y DEAN Sam Minner PROFESSORS Kay Clapp, Donna Fisher-Rhinesmith, Lou Ann Gilchrist, Janice Grow, Barbara K. Heard, John Hoffmann, Christopher Maglio, Robert J. Martin, Patricia A. Miller.75 or higher. G e n e r a l c a t a l o g Education 2005-2007 73 #12;STAT 190 Basic S

  17. A Unified Theory of 28 U.S.C. Section 1331 Jurisdiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulligan, Lumen N.

    2008-01-01

    Title 28, section 1331 of the United States Code provides the jurisdictional grounding for the majority of cases heard in the federal courts, yet it is not well understood. The predominant view holds that section 1331 doctrine both lacks a focus...

  18. 13_030224_CLN_01.doc TO: DISTRIBUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    was annunciated in the TF system. This was accompanied by a large bang heard on the test cell audio system, and ensuing smoke seen on the test cell video system. Multiple protective devices tripped, any one of which fault (DBB4 relay) The target level for the TF during this shot, and the operating limit in effect

  19. Lesson Summary Pre/post assessment of student knowledge and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    of that heat coming from the Solar energy. Also Solar radiation. 6. You've heard people talk about the word Knowledge & Skills Not applicable Science Benchmarks & Standards Not applicable Teaching Time: One 45-minute period Materials per Student · Copy of the assessment · Pencil/pen Advanced Planning Preparation Time: 20

  20. FIRST REACTIONS, December 3, 2009 I was only able to attend the second day's workshops and will have to wait until

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Michael - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    questions, especially during the ressource stratégique panel. The crucial moment of the two-day meeting may clear to me that he lost his cool. I can't be sure, though, until I've seen the transcript. Otherwise in practically the same form in December, and during the final panel I even heard the word écosystème. My Paris 7

  1. Broadcasting Information via Display Names in Instant Messaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    (Multi-User Domains or Multi-User Dungeons), IRC (Internet Relay Chat), and broadcast messaging tools collect one's `buddies', these lists are not shared across contacts. In contrast, MUDs and IRC are public channels, where any conversation is heard by all people currently in the MUD or IRC. Most tend to be used

  2. Higgs Boson Digest and Discussion By Tony O'Hagan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hagan, Tony

    Higgs Boson ­ Digest and Discussion By Tony O'Hagan Introduction On July 10th 2012, I posted to consult this list in search of answers. We've heard a lot about the Higgs boson. The news reports say like (in the sense of having some of the right characteristics of) the elusive Higgs boson

  3. Syst. Biol. 51(6):889897, 2002 DOI: 10.1080/10635150290155917

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooers, Arne

    is the equal rates Markov (ERM) model, under which instantaneous rates of diversification (speci- ation minus in diversity much more than ex- pected under the ERM model (reviewed by Purvis, 1996; Mooers and Heard, 1997; Lieberman, 2001). Importantly, however, the degree of depar- ture of real trees from the ERM model is itself

  4. Emergency Communications Outdoor Warning Siren: As part of our continued commitment to enhancing safety measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    is designed to be heard OUTDOORS ONLY. ETSU's sirens are set up to sound during immediate life activities." For more information on ETSU's siren system please visit the following website http://www.etsu-mail address on the GoldAlert registration website http://www.etsu.edu/goldalert . This URL is located on ETSU

  5. A question of balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lagassa, G.

    1989-11-01

    Congressional hearings on the competition between hydropower and fish and wildlife interests may not bring immediate changes in procedures, but many in the industry were encouraged. A diversity of testimony was heard although the hearing was primarily arranged at the request of the National Hydropower Association. The article exams the concerns of the various participating organizations.

  6. The Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe Political Pluralism in the OSCE Mediterranean Partners?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    . There are ideological, economic, and geographic divisions that surface. As we have seen in Egypt, aside from the roughly voices heard and wants a share of the power in a changing political empowerment. This is especially so is still fighting against existing sources of power that want to assert themselves in a new polity

  7. A national laboratory funded by the Office of Science of the Department of Energy. www.fnal.gov Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory February 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    A national laboratory funded by the Office of Science of the Department of Energy. www transform the way we live. Particle physics research pushes the frontiers of knowledge and technology myriad lesser-known impacts. For example, few people have probably heard that low-energy electron beams

  8. California's The state tries afirst-in-the-nationapproach to attackin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    . A Ijevy of bikes at the busy Southern l'.icific Depot in Davis, California--a city that's ahead In downtown Davis. he lirst time L^vry Mintier, FAICP, heard the term "sustainahility" in a discussion." California Assembly Bill 32 is the landmark state law approved in 2006 that requires Califomians to reduce

  9. The State of the Art in Supporting "Big Data"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliva, Aude

    of investigation · Startups in this space · If there is any achilles heel in big data, this is it! #12;10 DBMS Security · Works well -- i.e. I have never heard of the DBMS screwing up in this area. #12;11 Encryption · Can be entrusted to the DBMS -- Appropriate when there are many clients sharing data -- Don't want

  10. October 2004 To: Faculty, Staff, and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    October 2004 To: Faculty, Staff, and Students: The Honor and Discipline Committee reports that occurred during the Spring 2004 semester. Following this report is a report on disciplinary activity in the Dean's Office. Report of the Honor Committee The Committee heard five cases during the Spring 2004

  11. Web Services Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    1 Web Services versus Distributed Objects William R. Cook, Janel Barfield University of Texas at Austin 2 How many times have you heard... 3 "Web Services suck..." ? 4 "WS are a bad version Objects 10 to 100 times faster than Web Services 7 Test Case Call a remote service that returns an integer

  12. iD Tech needs your help to inspire more young women to enter the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    -18 as well as a new all-girls option (Alexa Café for ages 10-15). At Alexa Café, we also emphasize techiD Tech needs your help to inspire more young women to enter the tech industry and make their voices and ideas heard. iD Tech is determined to help reshape the face of the tech industry by providing

  13. The Poisoning in Hong Kong --An Episode of Life in China Forty Years Ago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Robert M.

    The Poisoning in Hong Kong -- An Episode of Life in China Forty Years Ago by Augustine Heard poisoning incident in 1857 during the second Anglo-Chinese war. The following is transcribed from is poisoned. Take mustard [teaspoonful] in warm water; 1/2 pint & afterwards warm water; after vomiting freely

  14. ester Thurow says "what sounds sensible (export

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ester Thurow says "what sounds sensible (export more) when heard sepa- rately in each country becomes nonsense when aggregated around the world. No one can have more net exports unless someone else a strong relationship between exports and farm prosperity in the United States. From the early 1900s

  15. The Public Perceptions of Carbon Capture and Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    but wind, wave, tidal, solar and energy efficiency were generally preferred as options. As a stand alone these aims two citizen panels were held in late 2002 / early 2003 to explore public perceptions of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Each panel met 5 times for 2 hours and heard from a variety of technical

  16. Released upon receipt but intended f o r use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1931 By Charles Fitzhugh Talman, Authority on Meteorology. ASCENDING BALL LIGEITNING B a l l lightningOude8t I ever heard, and followed the lightning without any appreciable intorval. After a short l u l l of the fields, apparently from the Regent's C a n a l , The ball at first rose elowb, apparently about as f

  17. Ash Buddhas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Willis, Sheree; Tsutsui, William

    2006-11-08

    is the home of okotsubutsu, that is, statues of Buddha that are made entirely out of the ashes of the dearly departed. You heard that right. Since 1887, the cremated remains of many an ancestor have been formed into larger-than-life sized statues of Buddha...

  18. PLUS: FAT, BUT NOT SICK HOW TO SPOT QUACKERY GREEN BUSINESS MAGA ZINE OF THE GER ALD J. AND DOROTHY R.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    ? SMARTPHONE BODY BY #12;I understand that coconut oil has several benefits. I've heard about studies that show., Medford, MA 02155 or email julie.flaherty@tufts.edu. Don't Go Cuckoo for Coconut Oil For this installment that I am aware of to indicate that coconut oil has documented specific beneficial effects; hence

  19. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    alternator, plus the fact no pump support bracket had been installed during the tube upgrade in 1988. #12 and engage top tube section, then bolt joint up. 5. The same technique was used to position the bottom on the common flanges. A small sigh of relief could be heard after bolting the flanges together. Our biggest

  20. Texas Bluegrass Hybrids: The Real Deal for Kansas or is the Jury Still Out? Dale Bremer, Kansas State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Texas Bluegrass Hybrids: The Real Deal for Kansas or is the Jury Still Out? Dale Bremer, Kansas State University Published October 2006 in Turfnews, a Kansas Turfgrass Foundation Newsletter Texas on that later, but I get ahead of myself... First of all, some of you perhaps haven't heard about Texas

  1. Ecotoxicity of rare earth elements Rare earth elements (REEs) or rare earth metals is the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Ecotoxicity of rare earth elements Info Sheet Rare earth elements (REEs) or rare earth metals isolated. Actually, most rare earth elements exist in the Earth's crust in higher concentrations than though most people have never heard of rare earth elements, sev- eral of them govern mankind's modern

  2. IEEE Communications, March 2005 Protecting Public Safety With Better Communications Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    the world to watch in real time the horrific aftermath of two planes hitting the World Trade Center in New safety organizations on the scene [1]. The worst failure occurred in the World Trade Center's North Tower responders ordering them to evacuate the North Tower. Police inside the building heard the order

  3. Discrimination of speaker sex and size when glottal-pulse rate and vocal-tract length are controlleda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    it possible to vary the VTL of recorded speech without varying the GPR and vice versa. The ability to vary VTL in the vowels of men, women, and children arises from characteristic differences in glottal- pulse rate GPR was that the voices were heard as women less often than might have been expected, and they pointed out that all

  4. GENDER AND CULTURE HER_10.indd 231HER_10.indd 231 11/29/2006 5:55:43 PM11/29/2006 5:55:43 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, Susan

    flirtatious conversations with females than vice versa (Bruckman, 1993). We find that females participate more with how appropriate it is for women to speak and be heard in public, as well as attitudes toward AND CULTURE Q1 dominance reproduced from offline Thai culture--in which women are socialized to be docile

  5. Light-form : reception/distribution of direct sun-energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Donald W

    1984-01-01

    The era of the energy-efficient building is upon us. You've heard all the terms before: solar, daylight, super-insulation and so on. These terms describe ways in which buildings respond to the presence of light. Light ...

  6. Southern Enclave Issue 7 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01

    you whack me- thing between them. Both of those two admitted more by the simple look on their faces than by any words ??? if only they had looked at each other sooner. Debbie Gilbert: Re the JEDI radio show, from what I heard, NPR doesn't have...

  7. The Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989, A UCSC Student Oral History Documentary Projec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2006-01-01

    on the roof of the water from the rain. I never heard whatrain and tons of it. And we were walking to the Civic Center to go get water.rains, when it was raining and my roommates and I had walked to get the water

  8. Carbon Sequestration in Turfgrass: An Eco-Friendly Benefit of Your Lawn Dale Bremer, Kansas State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Carbon Sequestration in Turfgrass: An Eco-Friendly Benefit of Your Lawn Dale Bremer, Kansas State read this have no doubt heard of carbon sequestration and may even be well versed on the topic. Others't the slightest clue about carbon sequestration and others may not even care. After all, what does carbon

  9. WEB Maintainers Meetup Web Branding Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    WEB Maintainers Meetup UF/IFAS DEPARTMENT #12; Web Branding Committee Introduction and TERMINALFOUR (T4) recap Preparation Page layouts Questions #12;WEB BRANDING COMMITTEE what we heard #12;Some) is the new UF Web Content Management System (WCMS) chosen for the next five years. T4 allows non

  10. Peer Reviewed Temporal Variation in Stable Carbon and Nitrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillingham, Michael

    Columbia, Prince George, BC V2N 4Z9, Canada DOUGLAS C. HEARD,1 British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Prince George, BC V2N 1B3, Canada MICHAEL P. GILLINGHAM, Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC V2N 4Z9, Canada Abstract Animal diet

  11. Formation of Ge nanoclusters on Si(1 1 1)-7 7 surface at high temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    Formation of Ge nanoclusters on Si(1 1 1)-7 · 7 surface at high temperature H.M. Guo, Y.L. Wang, H for publication 17 May 2004 Available online 5 June 2004 Abstract We report on Ge nanocluster formation on Si(1 1 of the Ge clusters are more uniform than those obtained at room temperature due to an increase

  12. The FORS Deep Field Jochen Heidt 1 , Immo Appenzeller 1 , Ralf Bender 2 , Asmus Bhm 3 ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saglia, Roberto P.

    The FORS Deep Field Jochen Heidt 1 , Immo Appenzeller 1 , Ralf Bender 2 , Asmus Böhm 3 , Nive Drory fraction of its guaranteed time, the FORS consor- tium established a FORS Deep Field which contains a known of the largest deep #28;elds up to date to investigate i) galaxy evolution in the #28;eld from present up to z

  13. A&A 471, 977991 (2007) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20077588

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedemeyer-Böhm, Sven

    2007-01-01

    but decreases towards the limb. The dependence of the brightness temperature distribution on wavelength and disk-network regions of the Sun at millimetre wavelengths S. Wedemeyer-Böhm1,2, H. G. Ludwig3, M. Steffen4, J of the small-scale structure and dynamics of internetwork regions on the Sun. Methods. The synthetic intensity

  14. 4x3~6x2+3x—2=O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X 4 Ix — 7]. 33. lime ' 34. hm arctan —2—_ xii x—>Z 3x — 6x x3 + a Q t u a t t. D t a n a (¢)f(x)=_x+_4, a=—4. 35—36 1111 Show that f is continuous on (—00, w).

  15. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Narrative - Vol. 1. First Part

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, C Wyville; Murray, John

    1911-01-01

    Em. hum 2383 h?xnnn. . . lime 0! 2.3.5:. » on1'rmlr-&#pm-outage of cab bonnto of lime ranged from as no 75, andl~lyu¢'rI'uua hm lime in common with any _ uI.1n:r

  16. Self-cooling of a micromirror by radiation pressure S. Gigan1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LETTERS Self-cooling of a micromirror by radiation pressure S. Gigan1,2 , H. R. Bo¨hm1,2 , M,2 & A. Zeilinger1,2 Cooling of mechanical resonators is currently a popular topic in many fields the observation of self-cooling of a micromirror by radiation pressure inside a high-finesse optical cavity

  17. Austerity Cannot Explain the Current UK Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Sawyer, Malcolm

    2015-04-18

    , Release March 2014�, 23 April. HM Treasury (2011), Budget 2011, London: The Stationery Office, HC836. International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2014), World Economic Outlook, October 2014, Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund. Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo...

  18. Characterization of standard embeddings between complex Grassmannians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mok, Ngaiming

    different direction Hwang-Mok (cf. [HM6, 2004]) established with very few exceptions the Cartan of Neretin's [Ne, 1999] which on the one hand paves the way for far-reaching generalizations to the context curves) on the Research partially supported by a CERG of the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, China

  19. This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.elsevier.com/copyright #12;Author's personal copy Development of a carbon fiber reinforced polymer system for strengthening This paper summarizes the development and use of high modulus carbon fiber reinforced polymer (HM CFRP. Analytical modeling; D. Mechanical testing; E. Joints/joining 1. Introduction Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP

  20. Design and Present status of Steady-state spherical tokamak, QUEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Design and Present status of Steady-state spherical tokamak, QUEST K.Hanada, H.Zushi, K.N.Sato, K Component Interactions in Steady State Magnetic Fusion Devices at NIFS #12;Japanese Collaborators and Map knowledge QUEST #12;Why steady-state ? Time (sec) Hsupply(1020 H) wall pumping ~4 x 1017 [H/m2s] High

  1. Catchment Monitoring for Scaling and Assimilation of Soil Moisture and Streamflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jeff

    .E. Davidsonb , H.M. Hemakumarab , J.P. Walkera , J.D. Kalmab , G.R. Willgoosec , and P.R. Houserd a Department days). However, data from passive microwave sensors is not ideally suited for catchment scale hydrological applications, due to its coarse spatial resolution. Additionally, passive microwave remote sensing

  2. Vacuum Vessel Remote Handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIRE Vacuum Vessel and Remote Handling Overview B. Nelson, T. Burgess, T. Brown, H-M Fan, G. Jones #12;13 July 2002 Snowmass Review: FIRE Vacuum Vessel and Remote Handling 2 Presentation Outline · Vacuum Vessel - Design requirements - Design concept and features - Analysis to date - Status and summary

  3. Es la geoqumica la clave definitiva para conocer el

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    descarga importantes (12.3 hm3 a-1) · Amplio rango de salinidades (equivalente a 5-65% agua mar · Caudales de descarga importantes (12.3 Mm3 y-1) · Amplio rango de salinidades (equivalente a 5-65% agua mar el aporte agua dulce y punto de descarga ConductoConducto agua dulceagua dulce Conducto mezcla

  4. This article was originally published in the Comprehensive Nuclear Materials published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the author's benefit and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motta, Arthur T.

    Abbreviations BWR Boiling water reactor CANDU Canadian Deuterium Uranium CRUD Chalk River unidentified deposits reactor (PWR) and the boiling water reactor (BWR) as well as the Canadian designed Canadian Deuterium with niobium (AREVA) PWR Pressurized water reactor tHM Ton heavy metal VVER Voda Voda Energy Reactor ZIRLOTM

  5. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

  6. Cite as: Mortimer, J.A., T. Jupiter, J. Collie, R. Chapman, A. Liljevik, B. Betsy, R. Pimm, J. Stevenson, V. Laboudallon, M. Assary, D. Augeri & S. Pierce. in press. Trends in the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestwich, Ken

    to produce calipee for export to Europe reduced annual nesting numbers at Aldabra to well below 1,000 females the night in which they are categorised according to whether or not digging occurred (Mortimer 1997). `Tracks' are defined as emergences in which digging occurred, while `half-moons (HM)' or `emergences

  7. Measuring the Josephson plasma resonance in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 using intense coherent THz synchrotron radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is produced with orders of magnitude more intensity than conventional thermal and synchrotron sources. Using low-energy region. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.092512 PACS number s : 74.72. h, 07.57.Hm, 41.60.Ap, 74 are enabled across a diverse array of disciplines: con- densed matter physics, medicine, manufacturing

  8. MA 166 NAME 10-DIGIT PUID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a .nlD. P X m. anI. _ O m r. e m mam 3_83_51_24_7.5_8 .w hm EN __ __ __. ) w. 5 Sm . _ E E f . 6 7 w 0 A C D E. 1T6 <__$ m @m. \\1/ Wm. /0\\ __ m y w .. m f w e ...

  9. DNA methylation map of mouse and human brain identifies target genes in Alzheimer's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    PLoS One 2009; 2: e895. Song CX, Szulwach KE, Fu Y, Dai Q,Szulwach KE, Li X, Li Y, Song CX, Wu H, Dai Q, et al. 5-hmC-cells), cerebral cortex (CX, CA1, CA3 and den- tate gyrus)

  10. This is the author's version of a work that was submitted/accepted for pub-lication in the following source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    in the following source: Suriadi, Suriadi, Wynn, Moe T., Ouyang, Chun, ter Hofstede, Arthur H.M., & van Dijk,2 , N.J. van Dijk2 1 Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia {s.suriadi,m.wynn,c.ouyang,a.terhofstede}@qut.edu.au 2 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands {n.j.v.dijk

  11. Laboratory measurements of wave height variations and currents along a steep-sided channel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Francis

    2000-01-01

    surface piercing wave gages. Particle velocities were measured at 49 positions with a side looking three-dimensional acoustic Doppler velocimeter. A spectral analysis was performed on each free surface time series to obtain H[m]?, as well as first...

  12. Simulated Performance of the Integrated Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity and Self-Interrogation Neutron Resonance Densitometry Detector Designed for Spent Fuel Measurement at the Fugen Reactor in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ulrich, Timothy J. II [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lafleur, Adrienne M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Seya, Michio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bolind, Alan M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-16

    An integrated nondestructive assay instrument, which combined the Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity (PNAR) and the Self-Interrogation Neutron Resonance Densitometry (SINRD) techniques, is the research focus for a collaborative effort between Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and the Japanese Atomic Energy Agency as part of the Next Generation Safeguard Initiative. We will quantify the anticipated performance of this experimental system in two physical environments: (1) At LANL we will measure fresh Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) assemblies for which the average enrichment can be varied from 0.2% to 3.2% and for which Gd laced rods will be included. (2) At Fugen we will measure spent Mixed Oxide (MOX-B) and LEU spent fuel assemblies from the heavy water moderated Fugen reactor. The MOX-B assemblies will vary in burnup from {approx}3 GWd/tHM to {approx}20 GWd/tHM while the LEU assemblies ({approx}1.9% initial enrichment) will vary from {approx}2 GWd/tHM to {approx}7 GWd/tHM. The estimated count rates will be calculated using MCNPX. These preliminary results will help the finalization of the hardware design and also serve a guide for the experiment. The hardware of the detector is expected to be fabricated in 2012 with measurements expected to take place in 2012 and 2013. This work is supported by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security, National Nuclear Security Administration.

  13. New Insight into Integrated Reservoir Management using Top-Down, Intelligent Reservoir Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    geological models base on stochastic modeling techniques for HM and production forecasting ­ This model Modeling · A large volume of data that is representative of the reservoir behavior in both space and time is generated · Fusing a large number of discrete data and single-well models into a cohesive and continuous

  14. 852 J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 852-866 ConformationalDynamics of Flexibly and Semirigidly Bridged Electron Donor-Acceptor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    852 J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 852-866 ConformationalDynamics of Flexibly and Semirigidly Bridged Electron Donor-Acceptor Systems As Revealed by Spectrotemporal Parameterization of Fluorescence I. H.M. van: a flexible trimethylene chain and a semirigid piperidine ring. In moderately polar solvents (6 > 3.5) only

  15. The Flow of Excitation Energy in LHCII Monomers: Implications for the Structural Model of the Major Plant Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    the ability to convert solar energy into chemical energy (stored in the form of ATP and NADPH), whichThe Flow of Excitation Energy in LHCII Monomers: Implications for the Structural Model of the Major Plant Antenna Claudiu C. Gradinaru,* Sevgi O¨ zdemir,# Demet Gu¨ len,# Ivo H.M. van Stokkum,* Rienk van

  16. Modeling the performance of high burnup thoria and urania PWR fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Yun, 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Fuel performance models have been developed to assess the performance of ThO?-UO? fuels that can be operated to a high burnup up to 80-100MWd/kgHM in current and future Light Water Reactors (LWRs). Among the various issues ...

  17. Deep-SeaResearch,VoL26A,pp. 1311to 1327 0011-7471/79/1201-1311 $02.00/0 ,~')PergamonPressLtd 1979.Printed in Great Britain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linden, Paul F.

    Seven transects of the East Greenland portion of the Polar Front were made by HM nuclear submarine.Printed in Great Britain Transects by submarine of the East Greenland Polar Front P. WADHAMS*, A. E. GILL of Polar Water, probably due to eddies. Once the submarine passed through the Front twice by diving, which

  18. Energies 2012, 5, 1943-1981; doi:10.3390/en5061943 ISSN 1996-1073

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case that represents an optimized commercial-scale production system, albeit one that relies on full return on investment; water intensity; resource constraints; biodiesel; renewable diesel; biogas HM Harvested Mass LM Lysed Mass GV Growth Volume S Subsidy Processes: G Growth P Processing R

  19. Kinetic And Potential Sputtering Of Lunar Regolith: The Contribution Of The Heavy (Minority) Solar Wind Ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Ions F.W. Meyera1 , P.R. Harrisa2 , H.M. Meyer IIIb , H. Hijazia , A.F. Barghoutyc a Physics, Huntsville, AL 35812, USA Abstract. In this paper the sputtering of lunar regolith by protons and solar wind of JSC-1A AGGL lunar regolith simulant at solar wind velocities, and TRIM simulations of kinetic

  20. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Chemical Reactions 1 Chemical Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Chemical Reactions 1 Chemical Reactions When analyzing reacting systemsHm. For example octane is C8H18. Combustion: is a chemical reaction during which a fuel is oxidized and a large.28 #12;M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Chemical Reactions 2 Where N is the number of moles and M is the molar

  1. Finite thermoplasticity with phase changes based on isomorphisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dashkovskiy, Sergey

    Finite thermoplasticity with phase changes based on isomorphisms S. Dachkovski*, M. Bo¨ hm Zentrum be influenced by applied loadings. In this paper a model of finite thermoplasticity with phase changes based of deformations. This approach is free of the shortcomings mentioned before. To model thermoplasticity the notion

  2. Characterization of dissolved organic matter in the rhizosphere of hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii and its effect on the mobility of zinc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    HM from soil by concentrating them in the harvest- able parts (Chaney et al., 1997; McGrath and Zhao on Thlaspi caerulescens, has shown that concentrations of NH4NO3- extractable Zn in the rhizosphere and non) hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata does reduce both water-soluble As concentrations and different soil As fractions

  3. Bioinspired Vesicle Restraint and Mobilization Using a Biopolymer Chao Zhu, Jae-Ho Lee, Srinivasa R. Raghavan,*, and Gregory F. Payne*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Srinivasa

    Biotechnology Institute, College Park, Maryland 20742, and Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (hm-chitosan) because this scaffold is soluble. Increasing the pH to neutral or basic conditions although not the mechanistic details of biological vesicle restraint and mobilization. We use

  4. The neural basis of implicit learning and memory: A review of neuropsychological and neuroimaging research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    to a single research report. The observation of some types of preserved learning in H.M. were first documented research Paul J. Reber n Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston Learning Nonconscious Nondeclarative Skill learning a b s t r a c t Memory systems research has typically

  5. Rational Distance-Bounding Protocols over Noisy Channel Long Hoang Nguyen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    use ideas from game theory to define a new notion for an optimal threshold for the number of erroneous and optimal threshold accurately. Categories and Subject Descriptors: H.m [Information System]: Miscellaneous General Terms: Security. 1. INTRODUCTION Ideas from game theory have been used to re-design a number

  6. THE AMORPHOUS COMPONENT IN MARTIAN BASALTIC SOIL IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE FROM MSL AND MER MISSIONS. R.V. Morris1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downs, Robert T.

    are the same within 2. These compositions exclude soils with a significant "local component" (high-SO3 and high. Using the MER correlation of Fe3+ /Fe with SO3 (Fig. 1) [5], the Rocknest SO3 abun- dance implies it has- line Hm and Mt components is represented by "Fe2O3- Crystalline". The concentrations of SO3 and Cl

  7. Animal Biology, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 231-246 (2007) Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    dickersonae MELISSA PLASMAN 1, , MARIE JOSÉ H.M. DUCHATEAU 1 , JOSEPH M. MACEDONIA 2 1 Utrecht University, Corresponding author; e-mail: m.plasman@gmail.com #12;232 M. Plasman, M.J.H.M. Duchateau, J.M. Macedonia

  8. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netanel, NW

    1994-01-01

    EHamH$m GEN a.mHa.. womnoau HHo:mE8a HHHo: Em: 1HJoa:m.m mmm?m 8 mxmmHlt;m:mmm om HHo:o:. Hm H 3 HEESSEE ..mm

  9. REFERENCES 21 [15] H. M. Mabie and C. F. Reinholtz. Mechanisms and Dynamics of Machinery,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    REFERENCES 21 [15] H. M. Mabie and C. F. Reinholtz. Mechanisms and Dynamics of Machinery, 4th edition. John Wiley and Sons, 1987. [16] H.M. Paynter. Analysis and Design of Engineering Systems. MIT Press, 1961. [17] M.M. Rueleaux. The Kinematics of Machinery. MacMillan & Co., 1876. Translated by Alex

  10. List updated 7/26/2013 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    List updated 7/26/2013 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME MC01 HC HARRIET L. WILKES HONORS COLLEGE MC02 AD MACARTHUR ADMINISTRATION/CLASSROOM BUILDING MC03 SR STUDENT RESOURCES & CLASSROOM BUILDING MC04 BUILDING MC08 HM HIBEL MUSEUM OF ART MC09 RH MACARTHUR RESIDENCE HALL II MC10 PL POOL EQUIPMENT

  11. APPLICATION OF INTENSIONAL LOGIC TO KNDWLEDGE REPRESENTATION FSO Prague, Czechoslovakia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The system of transparent intensional logic (TIL) intro- duced by Pavel Tich~ is used as a framework;(7) Tom says that the Earth is round. >>> Hm. (8) Belleve the proposition which Tom says[ >>> OK. (9) Which property does the Earth have? >>> Roundness. (10) Paul says that you do not believe

  12. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  13. Walk the Line: The Development of Route Selection Standards for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-level Radioactive Waste in the United States - 13519

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilger, Fred; Halstead, Robert J.; Ballard, James D.

    2013-07-01

    Although storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) are widely dispersed throughout the United States, these materials are also relatively concentrated in terms of geographic area. That is, the impacts of storage occur in a very small geographic space. Once shipments begin to a national repository or centralized interim storage facility, the impacts of SNF and HLRW will become more geographically distributed, more publicly visible, and almost certainly more contentious. The selection of shipping routes will likely be a major source of controversy. This paper describes the development of procedures, regulations, and standards for the selection of routes used to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. The paper begins by reviewing the circumstances around the development of HM-164 routing guidelines. The paper discusses the significance of New York City versus the Department of Transportation and application of HM-164. The paper describes the methods used to implement those regulations. The paper will also describe the current HM-164 designated routes and will provide a summary data analysis of their characteristics. This analysis will reveal the relatively small spatial scale of the effects of HM 164. The paper will then describe subsequent developments that have affected route selection for these materials. These developments include the use of 'representative routes' found in the Department of Energy (DOE) 2008 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the formerly proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository. The paper will describe recommendations related to route selection found in the National Academy of Sciences 2006 report Going the Distance, as well as recommendations found in the 2012 Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. The paper will examine recently promulgated federal regulations (HM-232) for selection of rail routes for hazardous materials transport. The paper concludes that while the HM 164 regime is sufficient for certain applications, it does not provide an adequate basis for a national plan to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to centralized storage and disposal facilities over a period of 30 to 50 years. (authors)

  14. Nuclear waste storage and disposal policy: Hearing before the committee on energy and natural resources, United States Senate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The committee heard testimony on nuclear waste disposal policy, including S. 608, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1999. It is a familiar situation being addressed: what to do with spent nuclear fuel and nuclear waste stored at some 81 sites around the country in 40 States. The reality is that the Department of Energy has defaulted on its obligation to move that spent fuel to one safe, central storage facility. Consumers have been paying the Federal Government for about 18 years. The committee heard from the following: representatives from the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Texas Utilities Company, Michigan Public Service Commission, and senators from Nevada, New Mexico, Kentucky, Montana, Idaho, Illinois, Florida, Minnesota, Louisiana, and Alaska.

  15. A new phase in palladium hydride technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, R.T.

    1991-01-01

    Two plateaux are observed in both the absorption and desorption isotherms of palladium hydride. For the absorption isotherm, a change in plateau pressure is observed at a hydrogen-to-metal (H/M) ratio of about 0.35 for all temperatures studied. For the desorption isotherm, the change in plateau pressure appears to be a function of temperature, ranging from an H/M ratio of 0.18 at 80{degrees}C to 0.3 at 140{degrees}C. These data are interpreted as being experimentally observed boundaries to an equilibrium phase line located in the miscibility gap of the palladium/hydrogen phase diagram. This new phase does not appear to be a stoichiometric compounds, but rather its composition seems to vary with temperature. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  16. A new phase in palladium hydride technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, R.T.

    1991-12-31

    Two plateaux are observed in both the absorption and desorption isotherms of palladium hydride. For the absorption isotherm, a change in plateau pressure is observed at a hydrogen-to-metal (H/M) ratio of about 0.35 for all temperatures studied. For the desorption isotherm, the change in plateau pressure appears to be a function of temperature, ranging from an H/M ratio of 0.18 at 80{degrees}C to 0.3 at 140{degrees}C. These data are interpreted as being experimentally observed boundaries to an equilibrium phase line located in the miscibility gap of the palladium/hydrogen phase diagram. This new phase does not appear to be a stoichiometric compounds, but rather its composition seems to vary with temperature. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Ultra wideband antenna array processing under spatial aliasing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapoury, Alireza

    2009-05-15

    in Vm;l, which is centered at ! = ?2!l. Hence, Um;l(!), the spectrum of the flltered signal vm;l(t), would be: Um;l(!) = Hm;l(! +!l)Sl(!)e?j(!+!l)?m +Emf(! +!l) ; (2.12) in which Emf(!+!l) is the noise component after passing through the demodulator.... Under a quite general scenario, (to be discussed in the sequel), we can approximate (2.12) by the following equation: Um;l(!) ? Hm(!l)Sl(!)e?j!l?m +Emf(! +!l) ; (2.13) which assumes the time domain equivalent expression: um(t) = H(!l)sl(t)e?j!l?m +emf...

  18. DOE prohibited personnel practices. Joint hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power of the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Subcommittee on Civil Service of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, April 19, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    DOE disregarded Congressional mandates when it dismantled the Conservation and Renewable Energy Office by reducing personnel levels and reorganizing management to eliminate selected professional. A hearing to review this development heard testimony from senior DOE personnel who were affected, DOE personnel management, the Merit Systems Protection Board, and others. Joseph Tribble, Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy defended the reorganization on economic grounds. (DCK)

  19. A field study of the relationships between locus of control and perceived risk and precautionary behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slimak, Marie

    1992-01-01

    likely to take active steps to avoid aversive situations than are individuals with an external locus of control. Precautionary behavior that does not prevent an accident from occurring but reduces severity of injury, however, may be elicited more... machinery area was heard to say And so due to Marie's good work on locus of control and the implementation of her new management strategies, there are no more industrial accidents in America. vis TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...

  20. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase: a critical signalling event in pulmonary cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-06-08

    ISSN 1465-9921; Online ISSN 1465-993X) ARDS = acute respiratory distress syndrome; ASM = airways smooth muscle; ERK = extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase; PDGF = platelet- derived growth factor; PDK1 = phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1; PI-3... with structural changes within the airway wall. The most prominent feature of the remodelled airway is an increase in airways smooth muscle (ASM). Heard and Hossain [2] demonstrated a threefold increase in both the cross-sectional area and number of smooth...

  1. Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Kathleen

    2012-07-16

    , Honda, and Toyota forced American companies to make cars that could contend with the high gas mileage of the imports. American Motors Corporation bought the exclusive rights to a new two- liter engine from the German company Volkswagen to be installed... with the first Earth Day, and by 1976 ecologists in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan were making their voices heard about issues like the building of the Alaska pipeline and the development of nuclear power. It was within this framework...

  2. Characteristics of Texas A&M University 43rd beef cattle short course and trade show participants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Tina Leann

    1998-01-01

    . Breakdown of Professions by Extension Districts. Table 3. Breakdown of How Participants learned of Short Course. . . . . . Table 4. Breakdown of Professions 1-12 by How Heard About Short Course. . . . . Table 5. Breakdown of Professions 1-12 by First Time... OF FIGURES Page Figure Figure Figure Texas Extension Districts . . . . . 12 Breakdown of Participants with Herd Sizes of 0-6 graph ?I . . . . . . . 18 19 Breakdown of the Participants with Herd Sizes 0-6 by the Total Number of Cattle (Mature Beef...

  3. IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P12 'POINT')

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH MODIFIED Hg POOL VESSEL SIMULATIONS FOR 60% W + 40% He SHIELDING (P12 'POINT (12/27/2011) 1 #12;IDS120hm: (m IS FOR) modified Hg pool vessel IN IDS120h. # 5E5 SIMULATIONS AND SHIFTED Be WIDOW FROM 600 cm (0.6 cm THICK) TO 300 cm (1 cm THICK). MODIFIED Hg POOL EXTENTS FROM 86 cm

  4. Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Seed-Blanket Unit Duplex Fuel Assemblies with VIPRE-01 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDermott, Patrick 1987-

    2012-11-15

    analysis report HM heavy metal HS Hashin-Shtrikman HEM homogeneous equilibrium model IMF inert matrix fuel INL Idaho National Laboratory LHGR linear heat generation rate LOFA loss-of-flow accident LWR light water reactor MA minor actinides ME... component of the fluid/wall interface ? gravity vector l distance between centroids of adjacent cells ? unit outward normal vector hydrostatic pressure component of the stress tensor ? heat flux vector ? rate of internal heat generation...

  5. Energy retrofit and occupant behaviour in protected housing: A case study of the Brunswick Centre in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui, Ben; Steemers, Koen

    2014-05-26

    authors are also grateful to all the reviewers for their recommendations, which have greatly helped to enhance this paper. References [1] English Heritage, Energy Efficiency and Historic Buildings, English Heritage, London, 2012. [2] H.M. Government... approaches to residential energy conservation, Energy and Buildings 1 (1977) 325-337. [10] P.C. Stern, Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Behavioural issues, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C, 1985. [11] P.C. Stern, Towards a coherent theory...

  6. The Toxicity of the Ripe Fruit of Blackbrush or Tarbrush (Flourensia cernua) for Sheep and Goats. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathews, F. P. (Frank Patrick)

    1944-01-01

    ] Serious losses in sheep and goats as a result of grazing the ripe fruit of F_laurensia-cernua hm-kern observed on three ranches during the months of January and February. The characteristic pathological rlterations were inflammation, ulceration... and perforation of the gastro- ' intestinal tract due to the presence ogsome intense irritant. In all cazes the animals had been subjected to cansiderable handling and were quite hungry when they gained access to the plant. When sheep and goats have...

  7. Peak T in Edge-Cooled Beryllium Window at z = 3 m in Magnet IDS120h Bob Weggel, M.O.R.E., LLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Peak T in Edge-Cooled Beryllium Window at z = 3 m in Magnet IDS120h Bob Weggel, M.O.R.E., LLC:16 PM) to incorporate Nick's latest predictions of the power density in a beryllium window at z = 3 m, +0.7) of 103 W/g--190 W/cm3 for beryllium (1.85 g/cm3 ). [Note: File "IDS120hm_BeWind_TDP_NO_SH1_NP

  8. Struct Chem DOI 10.1007/s11224-006-9111-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chickos, James S.

    structure 35 of enol . Enthalpy of formation 36 Introduction 37 In previous work, the thermochemical Condensed and gas phase enthalpies of formation11 of 3:4,5:6-dibenzo-2-hydroxymethylene-cyclohepta-3,6-14 dien-2-one (2, fHm = - 79.7 ± 22.9 and 20.1 ± 23.115 kJ mol-1 ) are reported. Sublimation enthalpies

  9. Regulatory compliance guide for DOT-7A type A packaging design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L.

    1996-06-04

    The purpose of this guide is to provide instruction for assuring that the regulatory design requirements for a DOT-7A Type A packaging are met. This guide also supports the testing and evaluation activities that are performed on new packaging designs by a DOE-approved test facility through the DOE`s DOT-7A Test Program. This Guide was updated to incorporate regulatory changes implemented by HM-169A (49 CFR, `Transportation`).

  10. The Low Pay Commission After Eight Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, William

    2006-03-14

    familiarity with interview and case study techniques to explore changing power relationships. Studies were carried out on selected affected sectors (clothing, hospitality, charities, retail, hairdressing, and horse racing, for example) and on selected... asset of firm enforcement of the National Minimum Wage by HM Revenue and Customs. Keywords: minimum wage; social partnership; labour market regulation JEL Classification: I3, J3, J8, K3, L5 1 This is a...

  11. Wakefield and RF Kicks Due to Coupler Asymmetry in TESLA-Type Accelerating Cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bane, K.L.F.; Adolphsen, C.; Li, Z.; /SLAC; Dohlus, M.; Zagorodnov, I.; /DESY; Gonin, I.; Lunin, A.; Solyak, N.; Yakovlev, V.; /Fermilab; Gjonaj, E.; Weiland, T.; /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch.

    2008-07-07

    In a future linear collider, such as the International Linear Collider (ILC), trains of high current, low emittance bunches will be accelerated in a linac before colliding at the interaction point. Asymmetries in the accelerating cavities of the linac will generate fields that will kick the beam transversely and degrade the beam emittance and thus the collider performance. In the main linac of the ILC, which is filled with TESLA-type superconducting cavities, it is the fundamental (FM) and higher mode (HM) couplers that are asymmetric and thus the source of such kicks. The kicks are of two types: one, due to (the asymmetry in) the fundamental RF fields and the other, due to transverse wakefields that are generated by the beam even when it is on axis. In this report we calculate the strength of these kicks and estimate their effect on the ILC beam. The TESLA cavity comprises nine cells, one HM coupler in the upstream end, and one (identical, though rotated) HM coupler and one FM coupler in the downstream end (for their shapes and location see Figs. 1, 2) [1]. The cavity is 1.1 m long, the iris radius 35 mm, and the coupler beam pipe radius 39 mm. Note that the couplers reach closer to the axis than the irises, down to a distance of 30 mm.

  12. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  13. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  14. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  15. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Manatee County Habitat for Humanity, Ellenton, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    In this 18-home community, all homes are LEED Platinum and meet ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 requirements, HERS 23–53. Half way through the project, Habitat for Humanity heard about the DOE Challenge Home program and signed on, committing to build the next home, a three-bedroom, two-bath, 1,143 ft2 duplex, to Challenge Home criteria. The home is the first DOE Challenge Home in Manatee County, and was awarded a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the affordable builder category.

  16. ‘Not looking hard enough’: masculinity, emotion and prison research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crewe, Ben

    . Yet if, as Jewkes and others suggest, the male writer also writes his maleness out of the text, the reader is confronted with a text that both disregards the emotions of its subject and omits the emotional and gendered experiences of its scribe... straight to the beach, to wallow in fresh air and wade in the waves, as if to ‘cleanse’ myself of all I’ve seen, heard, and sensed. I feel so bad, like scrambled eggs, that I chafe at writing up my notes until the following Tuesday. … Every time my mind...

  17. Southern Enclave Issue 38 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1994-01-01

    ? Computer News Related to Hamill Sierra has produced an excellent new game called "Gabriel Knight". In the CD ROM version, you'll hear Mark Hamill's voice as Detective Moseley. (Incident ally, the hero of the game gets his voice from T1lI1 Curry.) I do... not have a CD ROM, so I only played the game in the regular version without speech, and I'd be interested in hearing from those who have actually heard the voices. The game is good, I warmly recommend it to all who like dark, mysterious, sexy, scary...

  18. Field Notebook and Specimen Catalog, Numbers 1101-1707 [2468] (1935-1936) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, William B.

    2012-04-09

    , W base Mt. Diaoio, Contra Costa Co*, Caiif. Jan, 13, 1101? Cbrynorhynus 92-45-10-31 Tr. 11 ?oil. By H. Twining 1102? " 101-48-10-32 Tr. 11 " M " " Stool, Aiameda Co., Caiif. Jan. 30. 1103?acu Screech Owl. (C6?21? by Joy Lesure.). Berkeley Hills... Rogerson Twin Fails County, Idaho. May 13, A horned Owl was heard hooting from the cliffs below the dam last night and again tonight* Aldrich brought in a young Marmot today and reported a large colony on the west side of the canyon. Twining brought...

  19. Passive localization of acoustic sources in media with non-constant sound velocity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Thomas Scott

    1998-01-01

    . S. Norris. (Univ. of Calif. , Berkeley, CA), pp. 510-527. Bowles, A. E. , Sumultea, M. , Wursig, B, , DeMaster, D. P. , and Palka, D. (1994). "Relative abundance and behavior of marine mammals exposed to transmissions from the Heard Island.... S. Natl. Res. Counc, , Ocean Stud. Board, Committee on Low- Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals. Green, D. M. , DeFerrari, H. A. , McFadden, D. , Pearse, J. S. , Popper, A. N. , Richardson, W. J. , Ridgway, S. H. , and Tyack, P. L, , (Natl. Acad...

  20. Description of Logophors in Ibibio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newkirk, Lydia

    2014-12-01

    be licensed by an appropriate verb or structure. The verb ‘say’ allows for logophoric agreement in Ibibio as well as other West African languages such as Ewe and Uda: (23) Logophoric licensing in Ewe: (Clements 1975: 142) Kofii be yèi-dzo Kofi say LOG..., but not so in Ibibio. (30) Ewe: (Clements 1975: 158) Amai se be yèi-x? nunana Ama hear that LOG-receive gift ‘Amai heard that shei had received a gift.’ Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 35 (2014), 112-128 122 (31) Ibibio: a. Ekpei á-mà á...

  1. Wild Cards Issue 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01

    cocked his hips to one side, fixing Tubbs with a coolly penetrating gaze. "James 'Sonn/ Crockett I heard he works here." "Crockett?" Tubbs was back on guard. What would this guys want with my partner? "Yeah, sure ? he's here." He glanced at the door... aimlessly. "Uh," he began, until his gaze lit upon Rico. "You met my partner, Ricardo Tubbs?" Russell glanced down at the black man, flashing another smile. "Yeah, I did. Looks like you scored a pretty decent guy for a partner." "One of the best...

  2. ThousandWorlds Collected Issue 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowakowska, Maggie

    1983-01-01

    squad's equal in other, more familiar specters of white, clacking plasticine. who?! Your death, Jedi, said the shadow to Borcin Jana. It was a noise such as he had not heard in over twenty years. It crashed into his meditation, vi brant and startling..., barely tempered by death and charged with a roaring incredulity that rocked the rogue Jedi despite his concentration. Wo.' How can it be?! Vader snatched at the surge of undisciplined power and was ensnared by its intimacy. Once again, he too...

  3. Boy Gothic and Other Stories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storey, James Benjamin

    2008-08-18

    not heard him over the cicadas and their own whisperings. Sam inched around the berried holly, not disturbing its flat leaves, down the two steps and into the hendera, cool about his ankles. The brick path was ridged against his heels and the kudzu... mean, Sammy, mean.” “He was fishing for the goldfish. I chased him, but he ran into the ditch, so I came in the back way.” “You left the door open—the AC—” “The power’s out—there’s no AC.” “You let the cool out then.” His father stepped...

  4. Exodus in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landsberg, Melvin

    2000-01-01

    ’re advertising the state as ‘Kansas, Land of Oz,’ but I don’t see any tourists coming.” “Sure lots of them have seen The Wizard of Oz and heard Judy Garland sing ‘Somewhere over the Rainbow,’” said Jeff. “But nobody cares about wizards.” “My girl is a witch... in the house and even climbed into their bed. They sure didn’t think it was funny.” Suddenly Bill said, “A witch burning would bring hordes of tourists into town, and we could build a theme park around it.” “The courts wouldn’t allow witch burning,” Jeff...

  5. A vision-based method for on-road truck height measurement in proactive prevention of collision with overpasses and tunnels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Fei; Park, Man-Woo; Sandidge, Matthew; Brilakis, Ioannis

    2014-11-26

    of being hit or a small damage becomes a disadvantage of 89 this approach. Moreover, chains and metal strips may not provide an alarm loud enough to be heard inside 90 trucks [15]. A more preventive way is having a warning system that can detect an over... a vertical line (in z-axis 261 direction). It should be noted that the top boundary in Fig. 6(b) is a straight line in the same direction of 262 the principal axis (in vector image format) while the bottom one in Fig. 7(b) is winding (in raster...

  6. Heart and Soul Issue 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frost, C.

    1999-01-01

    at her, knowing then how I could make her happy. "I love you, Ma." I held out my arms to her. A big smile broke out on her face, and she stepped sideways to hug me halfway, because she had some silverware in her hand. She kissed me on the cheek and I put... on the door, then shouted, "Police! Open up!" Therewas no sound, other than the movie. "I don't think he heard us," Dobey said. Hutch nodded, and put his hand on the door. He turned the handle, and looked at Dobey triumphantly when it turned, not locked. Dobey...

  7. Southern Enclave Issue 32 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1992-01-01

    that the last year, ever since the last MediaWest when we kind of started this, "Ch, so that's who you are; well, let's keep in touch," I've gotten letters fron allover the world this last year. I got a letter fran two different Italian cluOO who want... to corresJX)Ild with us. Ckle who does sarething similar to what we do wi th personas and doing corresJX)Ildence back . and forth in character, and they want to start up an interclub relationship with our club. And a club out in Australia that we heard...

  8. F A C U L T Y Sam Minner, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    F A C U L T Y DEAN Sam Minner, PhD FACULTY Josephine Agnew, EdD Dale Blesz, PhD Kay Clapp, PhD Darl Davis, EdS Donna Fisher-Rhinesmith, EdD Lou Ann Gilchrist, EdD Janice Grow, PhD Barbara K. Heard, EdD John Hoffmann, PhD Peter Kelly, PhD Christopher Maglio, PhD Robert J. Martin, PhD Patricia Miller, PhD

  9. Father Estevao Cacella's Report on Bhutan in 1627

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baillie, Luiza Maria

    1999-01-01

    where the terrain allowed this, and soon we saw through the trees a great number of people waiting to welcome us and we heard the sound of (Fol. 8) cornets and trumpets similar to the instruments used in their festivals. Here there were a hundred... 3 journey through Bhutan, which would eventually take them to Tibet where they founded a mission in Shigatse, the seat of the Panchen Lama and of the great Tibetan monastery of Tashilhunpo. Cacella arrived in Shigatse in November 1627 and Cabral...

  10. Commonplace Divinity: Feminine Topoi in the Rhetoric of Medieval Women Mystics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cedillo, Christina

    2012-10-19

    . The project is also dedicated to the countless women throughout history who were, and continue to be, denied educational opportunities on account of their sex, but who still manage to make themselves heard by the simple fact that they are—women like my... (Imageword 78, 86). The works of the medieval women mystics, much like biblical accounts of Christ‘s earthly mission, call for these types of reading because they enlighten how the ideological reframing of rhetorical contexts enables a revision of the ways...

  11. Interview of Gabriel Horn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, Gabriel

    2008-06-17

    heard about from Bill Thorpe at the Thorpe-Zangwill club; in animals, they give a response to a novel stimulus but if not rewarded with food, for example, they don't respond; I suddenly realized that we were dealing with a nerve neural counterpart... in 1965 before I went to Makerere; when I came back we began to think of ways of dealing with that problem; on the habituation front, I went on to study it in the insect brain and work out its characteristics and a year after Dick Hill and I published...

  12. The Beginning and the End 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Simone

    1980-01-01

    elseHhere. To his reliel', they did not. The creH members Hho had been aboard for some time Here well alqare of Vulcan ethics. 5 Spock came to him when he heard, "Captain, you would have saved yourself time if you 'had asked me about this," "i..., you oan't htt!:'t him." him "You rosent that, don't you? Just liko all tho others. ;,0 you try to pity for having no emotion"; - a freak Hho' 11 nover be HUnan like us." "Hhat's got into you? You're angry." "Is Hhat I said right?" "I suppose so...

  13. Ogmios 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2006-01-01

    Bailbrook Lane, Bath BA1 7AA, England nostler.at.chibcha.demon.co.uk http://www.ogmios.org 1. Editorial............................................. 3 2. Development of the Foundation .... 3 FEL X: Vital Voices - Endangered Languages and Multilingualism... ..........................14 OGMIOS Newsletter of Foundation for Endangered Languages 3.05 (#29) (Spring-Summer 2006) p. 3 1. Editorial As many of you will have heard, our President, who has also been the Editor of Ogmios up to know, has left these shores for six months...

  14. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 3 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    ourselves before the gates of the Tholing shrine on the evening of 14 August 1922. The intrepid mountaineer Professor Shiv Ram KashYIiIP of the Indian Educational Service had led a party of four lecturers (including myself) of the Khalsa College, Amritsar... of Damphu (tambourine) are composed either in Tamang dialect or in Nepali language. In my primary school days I often heard my Tamang class friends singing: 'Bara Tamang Athara Jet Goru ko Tauko Dhana ko Bhat: In simple language the song explains...

  15. 4-H Activities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.

    2005-05-10

    ? are heard often when 4-H members work and learn together. Preparing and presenting demonstrations and illustrated talks help 4-H members gain additional knowl- edge and learn new skills and practices. Younger mem- bers start with easy-to-do ?show and tell... decisions ver- bally. ? Tolerant of other?s decisions. ? Use group activities to increase their interest in 4-H club work. ? Apply what was learned through judging in everyday living. Community Service Community service activities enable 4-H mem- bers...

  16. CONTACT INFORMATION: Steve Karsjen Public Affairs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1, 2013, 4:15pmEnergyNovember 12,You've probably heard

  17. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. DepartmentDelivery and EnergyBack in October, we heard aNational

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLANIs gravity a particle or aHow do youYou Wrote: II heard

  19. Recent marine podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R. B.

    1966-11-23

    major factors: ( I) inadequate collecting station location density; (2) lack of en- vironmental data obtained at time of sampling; and (3), loss of portions of the sample attributable to leakage of the sampling apparatus. It may be that the third factor... ni. FM 6. Propontocypris edwardsi ( CusHmAN), a-c, RV int., LV hinge, both valves dorsal, X 90. Williams-Podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay 13 Material.-Specimens 34, of which 29 were articulated. Distribution.-Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island...

  20. Melatonin modulates the fetal cardiovascular defense response to acute hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thakor, Avnesh S.; Allison, Beth J.; Niu, Youguo; Botting, Kimberley J.; Serón-Ferré, Maria; Herrera, Emilio A.; Giussani, Dino A.

    2015-05-13

    ), midline abdominal and uterine incisions were made, the fetal hind limbs were exteriorized, and, on one side, femoral arterial (i.d., 0.86 mm; o.d., 1.52 mm; Critchley Electrical Products, Kingsgrove, NSW, Austra- lia) and venous (i.d., 0.56 mm; o.d., 0... reducing oxygen consumption, membrane potential, and superoxide anion pro- duction. J Pineal Res 2009; 46:188–198. 8. ZHANG HM, ZHANG Y. Melatonin: a well-documented antiox- idant with conditional pro-oxidant actions. J Pineal Res 2014; 57:131–146. 9...

  1. The effects of phosphorous donor ligand substitution on the reactivity of anionic group 6 transition metal carbonyl hydrides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lusk, Richard Jay

    1986-01-01

    in THP, followed by protonation with methanol, gave rise to a new group of chromium and tungsten hydrides, 7 HM(CO) P . The importance of the P-substituted hydr ides is enhanced 4 reactivity as well as the possibility of selective hydride transfer... reduction products were thus benzyl alcohol and octane. Initial GC runs were undertaken using THF solutions of benzyl alcohol of three different concentrations, corresponding to yields of 25, 100, and 150$. Each of the three also contained an equivalent...

  2. Comprehensive Energy Assessment: EE and RE Project Optimization Modeling for United States Pacific Command (USPACOM) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brigantic, Robert T.; Papatyi, Anthony F.; Perkins, Casey J.

    2010-09-30

    This report summarizes a study and corresponding model development conducted in support of the United States Pacific Command (USPACOM) as part of the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA). This research was aimed at developing a mathematical programming framework and accompanying optimization methodology in order to simultaneously evaluate energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) opportunities. Once developed, this research then demonstrated this methodology at a USPACOM installation - Camp H.M. Smith, Hawaii. We believe this is the first time such an integrated, joint EE and RE optimization methodology has been constructed and demonstrated.

  3. Grazing Management in Broadleaf Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norbu, Lungten

    2002-01-01

    in 1953 sums up in support of forest grazing by stating that "grazing on the commercial timberland offers few complications as long as grazing is managed so that forage is not damaged. If forage is not damaged, there will be no damage to timber... and Development in the Philippines”, Proceedings of a workshop "on Integration of Ruminants into Plantation Systems in Southeast Asia " at Lake Toba, North Sumatra, Indonesia ACIAR proceedings No 64, Editors-B.F. Mullen and H.M. Shelton 5. Chamling, K...

  4. A statistical study of conductance properties in one-dimensional quantum wires, focusing on the 0.7 anomaly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, L. W.; Al-Taie, H.; Sfigakis, F.; See, P.; Lesage, A. A. J.; Xu, B.; Griffiths, J. P.; Beere, H. E.; Jones, G. A. C.; Ritchie, D. A.; Kelly, M. J.; Smith, C. G.

    2014-07-28

    , B. Bruognolo, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, J. von Delft, and S. Ludwig, Nature (London) 501, 73 (2013). [7] M. J. Iqbal, R. Levy, E. J. Koop, J. B. Dekker, J. P. de Jong, J. H. M. van der Velde, D. Reuter, A. D. Wieck, R. Aguado, Y. Meir and C. H. van... . Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Phys. Rev. B 63, 121311 (2001). [21] O. Chiatti, J. T. Nicholls, Y. Y. Proskuryakov, N. Lump- kin, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 056601 (2006). [22] H.-M. Lee, K. Muraki, E. Y. Chang, and Y. Hirayama, J. Appl...

  5. Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Bull-Leaping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1976-01-01

    describes a wall relief fresco as a man holding the horn of a bull (PM Ill 5o4-5o7, fig. 35oA). According to the late Dr. Bernd Kaiser (personal conversation, May 1974) the object is not a horn, however, for it does not taper' It seems best. therefore... Position r ll.Z. Sealing from Knossos, Room of the Niche,' itiptessed by a ring or amygdaloid and then counter-marked' LM IIIA:t' "iii.t 73, no' oa (HM ro8); Betts' fig' Bull right in a flying gallop; above, a leaper' "r*, o"rrt.tr.tched before him...

  6. !"# $%&! # ' ()0 1223 456 789@ A B CDE FGFHFG IP QRS TUVWXSY`

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    £¤¥¦§¨©¤ª¦£ «# &%hi "&&%!i¬ " !#!&! #! ®%hi #" %h i #! "& & n&hn&% "io ¯n&hn&% "# "io %hm!o h%m"#&h #hh h% om!"&!hi%hn %o! &!hi h nho¯ # "o hi &%"o!&!hi"# i #"% ! ° !i&%%&"¯ &!hi h &h ±%!ni& "m!# oio hi & "m"!#"!#¯!& h &%"o!&!hi"# i #"%¯! nho# ²! "i hn¯ & & "&&i"&!hi h "& i #hi "io !hi ²i & &%"m# &%h¬ i #! ° #&!n"& ¬h

  7. Collagen Scaffolds as a Tool for Understanding the Biological Effect of Silicates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawelec, K. M.; Shepherd, J.; Jugdaohsingh, R.; Best, S. M.; Cameron, R. E.; Brooks, R. A.

    2015-05-27

    , Biomaterials 35 (12) (2014) 3803–3818. [21] U. Bulnheim, P. Mueller, H.-G. Neumann, K. Peters, R.E. Unger, C.J. Kirkpatrick, J. Rychly, Endothelial cells stimulate osteogenic differentiation of mesenchy- mal stem cells on calcium phosphate scaffolds, J. Tissue... structures on 3D porous biomaterials, Biomaterials 28 (27) (2007) 3965–3976.tion [17]. In vitro, TNF inhibits differentiation of osteoblasts from diet, Bone 43 (3) (2008) 596–606. [3] H.M. Macdonald, A.C. Hardcastle, R. Jugdaohsingh, W.D. Fraser, D.M. Reid, J. ...

  8. A prospective randomised, open-labeled, trial comparing sirolimus-containing versus mTOR-inhibitor-free immunosuppression in patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzbauer, Andreas A.; Zuelke, Carl; Graeb, Christian; Rochon, Justine; Bilbao, Itxarone; Burra, Patrizia; de Jong, Koert P.; Duvoux, Christophe; Kneteman, Norman M.; Adam, Rene; Bechstein, Wolf O.; Becker, Thomas; Beckebaum, Susanne; Chazouilleres, Olivier; Cillo, Umberto; Colledan, Michele; Fandrich, Fred; Gugenheim, Jean; Hauss, Johann P.; Heise, Michael; Hidalgo, Ernest; Jamieson, Neville; Konigsrainer, Alfred; Lamby, Philipp E.; Lerut, Jan P.; Makisalo, Heikki; Margreiter, Raimund; Mazzaferro, Vincenzo; Mutzbauer, Ingrid; Otto, Gerd; Pageaux, Georges-Philippe; Pinna, Antonio D.; Pirenne, Jacques; Rizell, Magnus; Rossi, Giorgio; Rostaing, Lionel; Roy, Andre; Sanchez Turrion, Victor; Schmidt, Jan; Troisi, Roberto I.; van Hoek, Bart; Valente, Umberto; Wolf, Philippe; Wolters, Heiner; Mirza, Darius F.; Scholz, Tim; Steininger, Rudolf; Soderdahl, Gunnar; Strasser, Simone I.; Jauch, Karl-Walter; Neuhaus, Peter; Schlitt, Hans J.; Geissler, Edward K.

    2010-05-11

    is the study statistician. CG, IB, PB, KPdeJ, CD, KK, RA, WOB, TB, SB, OC, UDdiC, MC, FF, JG, JPH, MH, EH, NJ, AK, PEL, JPL, HM, RM, VM, IM, GO, GPP, ADP, JP, MR, GR, LR, AR, VST, JS, RT, BvanH, UV, PW, HHW, DFM, TS, RS, GS, SIS, KWJ, and PN partici- pated... of the Friedrich-Schiller- University, Jena, Germany, 20Scottish Liver Transplant Unit, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK, 21Department of Surgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, 22Department of General-, Visceral...

  9. Development of a Reliable Fuel Depletion Methodology for the HTR-10 Spent Fuel Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Kiwhan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beddingfield, David H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Geist, William H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lee, Sang-Yoon [unaffiliated

    2012-07-03

    A technical working group formed in 2007 between NNSA and CAEA to develop a reliable fuel depletion method for HTR-10 based on MCNPX and to analyze the isotopic inventory and radiation source terms of the HTR-10 spent fuel. Conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Established a fuel depletion methodology and demonstrated its safeguards application; (2) Proliferation resistant at high discharge burnup ({approx}80 GWD/MtHM) - Unfavorable isotopics, high number of pebbles needed, harder to reprocess pebbles; (3) SF should remain under safeguards comparable to that of LWR; and (4) Diversion scenarios not considered, but can be performed.

  10. Temperature and epi thickness dependence of the heavy ion induced latchup threshold for a CMOS/epi 16K static RAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, L.S.; Nichols, D.K.; Coss, J.R.; Price, W.E.; Binder, D.

    1987-12-01

    Data have been obtained with krypton and xenon ions for the latchup threshold vs. temperature of four different versions of a Harris CMOS/epi 16K static RAM. These special versions of the HM6516 RAM have 12-micron, 9-micron, 7-micron and 5-micron epi thicknesses, as grown. The test data showed a marked improvement in latchup resistance with decreasing epi thickness and with decreasing temperature over the range of 25/sup 0/C (operating chip ambient) to 100/sup 0/C.s.

  11. Scattering Properties of Oriented Hexagonal Ice Crystals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Feng

    2010-01-14

    )proposed by Bar- ber and Yeh [27]. Mischenko [15] further developed this method and wrote a solid code to be made available to the public. A very important feature of the T-matrix method is that the T-matrix itself does not depend on either the propagation direc... relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory," Opt. Exp. 15, 5327 5332 (2007). [9] H.-M Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Tepte, and D. Winker, "Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses...

  12. Recent developments in blast furnace process control within British Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, P.W. [British Steel Technical, Middlesbrough (United Kingdom). Teesside Labs.

    1995-12-01

    British Steel generally operates seven blast furnaces on four integrated works. All furnaces have been equipped with comprehensive instrumentation and data logging computers over the past eight years. The four Scunthorpe furnaces practice coal injection up to 170 kg/tHM (340 lb/THM), the remainder injecting oil at up to 100 kg/tHM (200 lb/THM). Distribution control is effected by Paul Wurth Bell-Less Tops on six of the seven furnaces, and Movable Throat Armour with bells on the remaining one. All have at least one sub burden probe. The blast furnace operator has a vast quantity of data and signals to consider and evaluate when attempting to achieve the objective of providing a consistent supply of hot metal. Techniques have been, and are being, developed to assist the operator to interpret large numbers of signals. A simple operator guidance system has been developed to provide advice, based on current operating procedures and interpreted data. Further development will involve the use of a sophisticated Expert System software shell.

  13. The $B^*B?$ coupling with relativistic heavy quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Flynn; P. Fritzsch; T. Kawanai; C. Lehner; C. T. Sachrajda; B. Samways; R. S. Van de Water; O. Witzel

    2013-11-10

    We report on a calculation of the $B^*B\\pi$ coupling in lattice QCD. The strong matrix element $\\langle B \\pi | B^*\\rangle$ is directly related to the leading order low-energy constant in heavy meson chiral perturbation theory (HM$\\chi$PT) for $B$-mesons. We carry out our calculation directly at the $b$-quark mass using a non-perturbatively tuned clover action that controls discretisation effects of order $|\\vec{p}a|$ and $(ma)^n$ for all $n$. Our analysis is performed on RBC/UKQCD gauge configurations using domain wall fermions and the Iwasaki gauge action at two lattice spacings of $a^{-1}=1.73(3)$ GeV, $a^{-1}=2.28(3)$ GeV, and unitary pion masses down to 290 MeV. We achieve good statistical precision and control all systematic uncertainties, giving a final result for the HM$\\chi$PT coupling $g_b = 0.569(48)_{stat}(59)_{sys}$ in the continuum and at the physical light-quark masses. This is the first calculation performed directly at the physical $b$-quark mass and lies in the region one would expect from carrying out an interpolation between previous results at the charm mass and at the static point.

  14. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  15. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  16. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  17. How Common are Noise Sources on the Crash Arc of Malaysian Flight 370

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenimore, Edward E.; Kunkle, Thomas David; Stead, Richard J.

    2014-10-21

    Malaysian Flight 370 disappeared nearly without a trace. Besides some communication handshakes to the INMASAT satellite, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty monitoring system could have heard the aircraft crash into the southern Indian Ocean. One noise event from Cape Leeuwin has been suggested by Stead as the crash and occurs within the crash location suggested by Kunkle at el. We analyze the hydrophone data from Cape Leeuwin to understand how common such noise events are on the arc of possible locations where Malaysian Flight 370 might have crashed. Few other noise sources were found on the arc. The noise event found by Stead is the strongest. No noise events are seen within the Australian Transportation Safety Board (ATSB) new search location until the 10th strongest event, an event which is very close to the noise level.

  18. Building, running and dismantling the world's largest scientific instrument with the same database tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Billen, R; CERN. Geneva. SPS and LHC Division

    2001-01-01

    Many people have heard of CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, and its enormous scientific masterpiece LEP, the Large Electron Positron collider. This is a 27-kilometer long particle accelerator designed to peek deeply inside the structure of matter in the framework of fundamental research. Despite the millions of Internet users, few of them know that the World Wide Web was invented at CERN in 1989, the same year that LEP was commissioned. Even fewer people know that CERN was among the first European organisations to have purchased the Oracle RDBMS back in 1983 and effectively put it in use for mission critical data management applications. Since that date, Oracle databases have been used extensively at CERN and in particular for technical and scientific data. This paper gives an overview of the use of Oracle throughout the lifecycle of CERN's flagship: the construction, exploitation and dismantling of LEP.

  19. Europe`s refining industry woes detailed at London meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhodes, A.

    1996-12-09

    Refiners, catalyst producers, engineering firms, and process licensers discussed Europe`s refining industry at the first-ever European Refining Technology Conference, October 28--30, London. Some 400 attendees heard presentations on European Union (EU) environmental legislation, and a variety of processing and catalyst options available to help refiners comply with the regulations. The conference consisted of two parallel sessions: one covering heavy-ends conversion and a second covering hydroprocessing and other light-ends processes. Each session included nine technical presentations, and a panel discussion in which 12 panelists answered presubmitted questions. The heavy-ends technical presentations covered topics including: fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) technology and catalysts, bottoms upgrading options, deep-cut distillation techniques, and gasification. The light-ends papers discussed: European air and fuels qualities, catalytic reforming, hydrotreating, biocatalytic desulfurization, hydrocracking, dewaxing, alkylation, and etherification.

  20. Music of the Universe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-01-01

    Scientists are quite familiar with what a supernova looks like — when these stars are destroyed in the most massive explosions in the universe, they leave their mark as one of the brightest objects in space, at least for several weeks. While the supernova can be seen, it cant be heard, as sound waves cannot travel through space. But what if the light waves emitted by the exploding star and other cosmological phenomena could be translated into sound? Thats the idea behind a Rhythms of the Universe, a musical project to sonify the universe by Grateful Dead percussionist and Grammy award-winning artist Mickey Hart that caught the attention of Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist George Smoot of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Sounds courtesy of Keith Jackson. Images courtesy of NASA

  1. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1995. Volume 41, Index 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by appellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (for construction permit, operating license, etc.); and type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

  2. Earning public trust and confidence: Requisites for managing radioactive wastes. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    The Task Force on Radioactive Waste Management was created in April 1991 by former Secretary James D. Watkins, who asked the group to analyze the critical institutional question of how the Department of Energy (DOE) might strengthen public trust and confidence in the civilian radioactive waste management program. The panel met eight times over a period of 27 months and heard formal presentations from nearly 100 representatives of state and local governments, non-governmental organizations, and senior DOE Headquarters and Field Office managers. The group also commissioned a variety of studies from independent experts, contracted with the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Public Administration to hold workshops on designing and leading trust-evoking organizations, and carried out one survey of parties affected by the Department`s radioactive waste management activities and a second one of DOE employees and contractors.

  3. Four Degrees of Separation, Really

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boldi, Paolo

    2012-01-01

    We recently measured the average distance of users in the Facebook graph, spurring comments in the scientific community as well as in the general press ("Four Degrees of Separation"). A number of interesting criticisms have been made about the meaningfulness, methods and consequences of the experiment we performed. In this paper we want to discuss some methodological aspects that we deem important to underline in the form of answers to the questions we have read in newspapers, magazines, blogs, or heard from colleagues. We indulge in some reflections on the actual meaning of "average distance" and make a number of side observations showing that, yes, 3.74 "degrees of separation" are really few.

  4. 200 kHz Commercial Sonar Systems Generate Lower Frequency Side Lobes Audible to Some Marine Mammals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Southall, Brandon; Carlson, Thomas J.; Xu, Jinshan; Martinez, Jayson J.; Weiland, Mark A.; Ingraham, John M.

    2014-04-15

    The spectral properties of pulses transmitted by three commercially available 200 kHz echo sounders were measured to assess the possibility that sound energy in below the center (carrier) frequency might be heard by marine mammals. The study found that all three sounders generated sound at frequencies below the center frequency and within the hearing range of some marine mammals and that this sound was likely detectable by the animals over limited ranges. However, at standard operating source levels for the sounders, the sound below the center frequency was well below potentially harmful levels. It was concluded that the sounds generated by the sounders could affect the behavior of marine mammals within fairly close proximity to the sources and that that the blanket exclusion of echo sounders from environmental impact analysis based solely on the center frequency output in relation to the range of marine mammal hearing should be reconsidered.

  5. Model of crack propagation in a clay soil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriere, Patrick Edwidge

    1985-01-01

    of variance (ANOVA) to obtain the best selection to be included in the model. The ANOYA model was expressed by: Model = BO(H) + Bl(CL) + B2(M) + B3(H"M) + B4(H*CL) + B5(M*CL) + B6(H~M*CL) where: H = humidity effect, CL = clay content effect, M = initial.... 0280* T5 0. 7413 0. 5771 6. 16 0. 0001* T6 0. 2973 0. 2887 4. 94 0. 001* T7 0. 2065 0. 3432 2. 89 0. 0084* T8 0. 2543 0. 0767 15. 89 0. 0001* * significant at level 0. 05 30 Table 3. ANOVA results for crack de th. Source Sum of Degrees of Mean F...

  6. Numerical calculation of Green's functions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urrea-Beltran, Julian

    1975-01-01

    (b- ) hM2 (leOI + 2k) e ' (leOI + ? ) N = max a&x&b dx Proof. Using Taylor's Theorem we have: hdy(x ) 2 y(x +h) = y(x. ) +~+h ~(x +9 h) j j dx 0&8. &1 0, 1, ' ', N-1 From (4. 2. 1) we obtain dy(x. ) f (x. , y ) On the other hand, y(x. + h) = y.... Computations and Results Page V CONCLUSIONS AND REMARKS 66 REFERENCES 68 VITA 69 vii LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 4. 1 4. 2 G (x, g) for n = 100, E = 0. 1, 0. 2, 0. 3. G (x, () for n = 20, = 0. 1, 0. 6, 0. 9 51 58 4. 3 G (x, j) Using a 6-sequence...

  7. Conceptual design study on very small long-life gas cooled fast reactor using metallic natural Uranium-Zr as fuel cycle input

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monado, Fiber; Ariani, Menik; Su'ud, Zaki; Waris, Abdul; Basar, Khairul; Permana, Sidik; Aziz, Ferhat; Sekimoto, Hiroshi

    2014-02-12

    A conceptual design study of very small 350 MWth Gas-cooled Fast Reactors with Helium coolant has been performed. In this study Modified CANDLE burn-up scheme was implemented to create small and long life fast reactors with natural Uranium as fuel cycle input. Such system can utilize natural Uranium resources efficiently without the necessity of enrichment plant or reprocessing plant. The core with metallic fuel based was subdivided into 10 regions with the same volume. The fresh Natural Uranium is initially put in region-1, after one cycle of 10 years of burn-up it is shifted to region-2 and the each region-1 is filled by fresh Natural Uranium fuel. This concept is basically applied to all axial regions. The reactor discharge burn-up is 31.8% HM. From the neutronic point of view, this design is in compliance with good performance.

  8. Selectivity of zeolite catalysts of hydrocracking of paraffin hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakun, A.N.; Il'icheva, L.F.; Nikitina, N.L.; Nefedov, B.K.; Konoval'chikov, L.D.; Alekseeva, T.V.

    1988-09-20

    The selectivity of catalysts of hydrocracking based on three types of zeolites: HKE, HM, and HTsVM was studied in comparable conditions and it was found that in rigorous conditions of conducting the process (longer contact time, deeper conversion of the normal paraffin), the contribution of nonselective hydrocracking which takes place on the external crystalline surface of the zeolites becomes marked on all of the catalysts. Incorporation of a hydrogenating component in the zeolite-containing catalyst results in an increase in nonselective hydrocracking on the external crystalline surface of the zeolites, and addition of significant amounts of molybdenum oxide also results in a decrease in the total conversion of the n-paraffin. The contribution of nonselective hydrocracking decreases with an increase in the intracrystalline activity of the zeolite.

  9. Multiphoton- and simultaneous conjugate Ramsey-Borde atom interferometers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, Holger; Chiow, Sheng-wey; Herrmann, Sven [Physics Department, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Chu, Steven [Physics Department, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2008-03-06

    We report on our experiment to measure h/M, the ratio of the Planck constant to the mass of Cs atoms, and thereby the fine-structure constant. The target accuracy is 1 part per billion or better. We focus on two recent milestones: (i) The first realization of atom interferometers based on light-pulse beam splitters that transfer the momentum of up to 12 photon pairs, which increases the useful signal (matter wave phase shift) by a factor of 144 compared to the beam splitters used in the best present atom interferometers. Moreover, they lead to a cancellation of important systematic effects. (ii) The first realization of a simultaneous pair of conjugate Ramsey-Borde interferometers. In these, the relative sign of the inertial term is reversed so that it can be cancelled. Simultaneous operation means that this holds for a time-dependent inertial term (vibrations) too, which promises a substantial improvement in the signal to noise ratio.

  10. Review: Avgust Pavel: Prekmurska Slovenska Slovnica. Vend Nyelvtan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Šek Mertü k, Polonca

    2014-06-25

    #3;SUHG#3;QMHQLP#3; QDVWDQNRP#15;#3;åH#3;Y#3;þDVX#3;âWHIDQD#3;.]PLþD#15;#3; GD#3;EL#3;ODKNR#3;ELO#3;SUHNPXUVNL#3;NQMLåQL#3;MH]LN#3; QRUPLUDQ#3;åH#3;RE#3;VYRMHP#3;QDVWDQNX#3;#11;#20;#26;#26;#20;#12;#17;#3; 6ORYQLFD#3;MH#3;QDVWDOD#3;ªY#3;QHXJRGQHP#3;þ...DYORYH#3; VORYQLFH#29;#3; URNRSLV#3; VH#3; QDKDMD#3; Y#3; 3DYORYL#3; VSRPLQVNL#3; VREL#3; QD#3;.DWHGUL#3; ]D#3; VODYLVWL-­ NR#3;8QLYHU]LWHWQHJD#3; VUHGLãþD#3;6DYDULD#3; Y#3; 6RPERWHOX#15;#3; WLSNRSLV#3; SD#3; KUDQL#3;0X]HM#3; 6DYDULD#3;Y#3;6RPERWHOX#17...

  11. A measurement of the ?(b)^0 lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; OPAL Collaboration; Akers, R.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Ametewee, K.; Anderson, K.J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.

    1995-06-29

    . Fiedler e, M. Fierro b, M. Fincke-Keeler ab, H.M. Fischer ‘, R. Folman ‘, D.G. Fong q, M. Foucher 4, H. Fukui ‘, A. Ftirtjes h, P. Gagnon f, A. Gaidot “, J.W. Gary d, J. Gascon r, N.I. Geddes t, C. Geich-Gimbel’, S.W. Gensler i, F.X. Gentit “, T. Geralis..., D.E. Hutchcroft e, l? Igo-Kemenes k, D.C. Imrie Y, A. Jawahery 9, P.W. Jeffreys t, H. Jeremie r, M. Jimack ‘, A. Joly r, M. Jones f, R.W.L. Jones h, P Jovanovic a, D. Karlen f, J. Kanzaki ‘, K. Kawagoe ‘, T. Kawamoto ‘, R.K. Keeler ab, R...

  12. An improved measurement of the B(S)^0 lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; OPAL Collaboration; Akers, R.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Ametewee, K.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A.H.; Barberio, E.

    1995-05-11

    . Fincke-Keeler =, H.M. Fischer c, P. Fischer c, R. Folman Y, D.G. Fong P, M. Foucher P, H. Fukui w, A. Ftirtjes h, P. Gagnon f, A. Gaidot t, J.W. Gary d, J. Gascon 4, N.I. Geddes s, C. Geich-Gimbel c, S.W. Gensler i, F.X. Gentit t, T. Geralis ‘, G..., P.W. Jeffreys s, H. Jeremie 9, M. Jimack a, M. Jones f, R.W.L. Jones h, P. Jovanovic a, C. Jui d, D. Karlen f, J. Kanzaki w, K. Kawagoe w, T. Kawamoto w, R.K. Keeler =, R.G. Kellogg P, B.W. Kennedy ‘, B. King h, J. King m, J. Kirk ab, S. Kluthe, T...

  13. The manufacture and performance of homogeneous microstructure SBR MOX fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, Matthew A.; Stephenson, Keith; Weston, Rebecca

    2007-07-01

    In the early 1980's, British experience in the manufacture of mixed-oxide fast reactor fuel was used to develop a new thermal MOX manufacturing route called the Short Binder-less Route (SBR). Laboratory- scale development led to the manufacture of commercial PWR fuel in a small pilot plant, and the construction of the full-scale dual-line Sellafield MOX Plant (SMP). SMP's first MOX assemblies are now under irradiation. SBR MOX is manufactured with 100% co-milled feedstock, leading to a microstructure dominated by a solid solution of (U,Pu)O{sub 2} at the nominal enrichment. A comprehensive fuel performance research programme has demonstrated the benign performance of SBR MOX up to 54 MWd/kgHM. In particular, the homogeneous microstructure is believed to be instrumental in the favourable fission gas retention and PCI resistance properties. (authors)

  14. "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups. VII. Concordance"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1989-01-01

    -56) Caprids from Isopata T. 3 (IV 60-61 & 69) Columbia (Vl 58-59) Conch Blower, HM 24 (III 63) Contorted Bull (N 61'-62) Couchant Boars (IV 66-67) Cretan Popular (CP): CP Agrimia (II 125) CP Boars (Ii 125) CP Bulls (11124-1'25) CP Cult (II 124) CP Deet (Il 125...) CP Lions (lI 1.24) CP Men (Il1.23-124) CP Monsters (II 126-127) CP Octopus (lI 126) CP Women (II123) CP Waterbirds (II 125) Crossed Hocks (VI 59-60) Danicourt (IIl 58-60) Dot-Eye Misc. (IV 73) Dot-Eye Mumps (M0-72) dependent: Glass Minotaurs (IV 72...

  15. Randomized Algorithms and Lower Bounds for Quantum Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi Zhang

    2009-10-21

    We consider deterministic and {\\em randomized} quantum algorithms simulating $e^{-iHt}$ by a product of unitary operators $e^{-iA_jt_j}$, $j=1,...,N$, where $A_j\\in\\{H_1,...,H_m\\}$, $H=\\sum_{i=1}^m H_i$ and $t_j > 0$ for every $j$. Randomized algorithms are algorithms approximating the final state of the system by a mixed quantum state. First, we provide a scheme to bound the trace distance of the final quantum states of randomized algorithms. Then, we show some randomized algorithms, which have the same efficiency as certain deterministic algorithms, but are less complicated than their opponentes. Moreover, we prove that both deterministic and randomized algorithms simulating $e^{-iHt}$ with error $\\e$ at least have $\\Omega(t^{3/2}\\e^{-1/2})$ exponentials.

  16. Research Announcement: Finite-time Blow Up and Long-wave Unstable Thin Film Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marina Chugunova; M. C. Pugh; Roman M. Taranets

    2010-08-02

    We study short--time existence, long--time existence, finite speed of propagation, and finite--time blow--up of nonnegative solutions for long-wave unstable thin film equations $h_t = -a_0(h^n h_{xxx})_x - a_1(h^m h_x)_x$ with $n>0$, $a_0 > 0$, and $a_1 >0$. The existence and finite speed of propagation results extend those of [Comm Pure Appl Math 51:625--661, 1998]. For $0

  17. The structure of countable primary abelian groups and primary abelian groups without elements of infinite height 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heatherly, Henry Edward

    1962-01-01

    , st t be the smallest of tbe heights h(zz )z h(m )z 1 h(R }, He index the nizs. ao that g is the ind'ezz for shish ch h(s ' ) e t? 'bXxt h(x ) C, iff iw g, . Then k s ~, itic& xx + ig, q " jx (zxxuacion 2), The @ix'are 'gust che -, qi evict... the thesis proyeC some kistoxiosl beck grecian ls iu Or@sr, 4JthenggX sclera She%inn gXOay 'thici'g mnf be eslC to. stsrt xxith, the work "of gx Prfgfer ia the earl@ $9BQ'sx the fiyet Mess on the stree%are. of, xx'a, 'nbeQ'exx gassy weye I' l. l...

  18. Wideband dichroic-filter design for LED-phosphor beam-combining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falicoff, Waqidi

    2010-12-28

    A general method is disclosed of designing two-component dichroic short-pass filters operable for incidence angle distributions over the 0-30.degree. range, and specific preferred embodiments are listed. The method is based on computer optimization algorithms for an N-layer design, specifically the N-dimensional conjugate-gradient minimization of a merit function based on difference from a target transmission spectrum, as well as subsequent cycles of needle synthesis for increasing N. A key feature of the method is the initial filter design, upon which the algorithm proceeds to iterate successive design candidates with smaller merit functions. This initial design, with high-index material H and low-index L, is (0.75 H, 0.5 L, 0.75 H)^m, denoting m (20-30) repetitions of a three-layer motif, giving rise to a filter with N=2 m+1.

  19. Assessment of transition fuel cycle performance with and without a modified-open fuel cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, B.; Kim, T. K.; Taiwo, T. A.

    2012-07-01

    The impacts of a modified-open fuel cycle (MOC) option as a transition step from the current once-through cycle (OTC) to a full-recycle fuel cycle (FRC) were assessed using the nuclear systems analysis code DANESS. The MOC of interest for this study was mono-recycling of plutonium in light water reactors (LWR-MOX). Two fuel cycle scenarios were evaluated with and without the MOC option: a 2-stage scenario with a direct path from the current fleet to the final FRC, and a 3-stage scenario with the MOC option as a transition step. The FRC reactor (fast reactor) was assumed to deploy in 2050 for both scenarios, and the MOC reactor in the 3-stage scenario was assumed to deploy in 2025. The last LWRs (using either UOX or MOX fuels) come online in 2050 and are decommissioned by 2110. Thus, the FRC is achieved after 2110. The reprocessing facilities were assumed to be available 2 years prior to the deployment of the MOC and FRC reactors with maximum reprocessing capacities of 2000 tHM/yr and 500 tHM/t for LWR-UOX and LWR-MOX used nuclear fuels (UNFs), respectively. Under a 1% nuclear energy demand growth assumption, both scenarios were able to sustain a full transition to the FRC without delay. For the 3-stage scenario, the share of LWR-MOX reactors reaches a peak of 15% of installed capacity, which resulted in 10% lower cumulative uranium consumption and SWU requirements compared to the 2-stage scenario during the transition period. The peak UNF storage requirement decreases by 50% in the 3-stage scenario, largely due to the earlier deployment of the reprocessing plants to support the MOC fuel cycle. (authors)

  20. Transmutation Analysis of Enriched Uranium and Deep Burn High Temperature Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael A. Pope

    2012-07-01

    High temperature reactors (HTRs) have been under consideration for production of electricity, process heat, and for destruction of transuranics for decades. As part of the transmutation analysis efforts within the Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCR&D) campaign, a need was identified for detailed discharge isotopics from HTRs for use in the VISION code. A conventional HTR using enriched uranium in UCO fuel was modeled having discharge burnup of 120 GWd/MTiHM. Also, a deep burn HTR (DB-HTR) was modeled burning transuranic (TRU)-only TRU-O2 fuel to a discharge burnup of 648 GWd/MTiHM. For each of these cases, unit cell depletion calculations were performed with SCALE/TRITON. Unit cells were used to perform this analysis using SCALE 6.1. Because of the long mean free paths (and migration lengths) of neutrons in HTRs, using a unit cell to represent a whole core can be non-trivial. The sizes of these cells were first set by using Serpent calculations to match a spectral index between unit cell and whole core domains. In the case of the DB-HTR, the unit cell which was arrived at in this way conserved the ratio of fuel to moderator found in a single block of fuel. In the conventional HTR case, a larger moderator-to-fuel ratio than that of a single block was needed to simulate the whole core spectrum. Discharge isotopics (for 500 nuclides) and one-group cross-sections (for 1022 nuclides) were delivered to the transmutation analysis team. This report provides documentation for these calculations. In addition to the discharge isotopics, one-group cross-sections were provided for the full list of 1022 nuclides tracked in the transmutation library.

  1. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  2. Macro economic approach to oil production in OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shojai, S.

    1984-01-01

    This paper uses a macro economic model of oil exporting developing nations (OPEC) in conjunction with a social welfare function approach (optimal control) to derive an optimum level of oil production. The macro model assumes the economy produces only three goods (oil, imported goods, and nontraded goods), and the foreign exchange rate if fixed. There are twelve endogenous and nine exogenous variables. A 2SLS technique is applied to estimate the macro model using pooled data over the period from 1973-1979. Countries included in this study are: Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. The estimated macro model is used as a constraint in the process of maximization of a quadratic social welfare function which includes all of some of the endogenous variables of the model as well as the only control variable, namely, oil exports. Optimal oil production for the period 1974-1981 is calculated based on three different scenarios (A, B, and C). The empirical results indicate that oil revenue is an important factor in determination of GNP, government revenues, and expenditures, consumption, and money supply. The price level does not influence imports, consumption, and demand for money balances. Also, the nontraded goods industry seems to be an isolated industry, and distribution of income changes to the detriment of this industry as the economy becomes more open to international trade. The paper concludes that if economic growth is the main objective of policy makers, greater utilization of oil resources is required. Finally, it suggests more reliance on market forces and less subsidy programs.

  3. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva

    2008-08-07

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  4. CHEMICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SLUDGE SOLIDS AT THE F AND H AREA TANK FARMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reboul, S.

    2012-08-29

    The primary source of waste solids received into the F Area Tank Farm (FTF) was from PUREX processing performed to recover uranium and plutonium from irradiated depleted uranium targets. In contrast, two primary sources of waste solids were received into the H Area Tank Farm (HTF): a) waste from PUREX processing; and b) waste from H-modified (HM) processing performed to recover uranium and neptunium from burned enriched uranium fuel. Due to the differences between the irradiated depleted uranium targets and the burned enriched uranium fuel, the average compositions of the F and H Area wastes are markedly different from one another. Both F and H Area wastes contain significant amounts of iron and aluminum compounds. However, because the iron content of PUREX waste is higher than that of HM waste, and the aluminum content of PUREX waste is lower than that of HM waste, the iron to aluminum ratios of typical FTF waste solids are appreciably higher than those of typical HTF waste solids. Other constituents present at significantly higher concentrations in the typical FTF waste solids include uranium, nickel, ruthenium, zinc, silver, cobalt and copper. In contrast, constituents present at significantly higher concentrations in the typical HTF waste solids include mercury, thorium, oxalate, and radionuclides U-233, U-234, U-235, U-236, Pu-238, Pu-242, Cm-244, and Cm-245. Because of the higher concentrations of Pu-238 in HTF, the long-term concentrations of Th-230 and Ra-226 (from Pu-238 decay) will also be higher in HTF. The uranium and plutonium distributions of the average FTF waste were found to be consistent with depleted uranium and weapons grade plutonium, respectively (U-235 comprised 0.3 wt% of the FTF uranium, and Pu-240 comprised 6 wt% of the FTF plutonium). In contrast, at HTF, U-235 comprised 5 wt% of the uranium, and Pu-240 comprised 17 wt% of the plutonium, consistent with enriched uranium and high burn-up plutonium. X-ray diffraction analyses of various FTF and HTF samples indicated that the primary crystalline compounds of iron in sludge solids are Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, and FeO(OH), and the primary crystalline compounds of aluminum are Al(OH){sub 3} and AlO(OH). Also identified were carbonate compounds of calcium, magnesium, and sodium; a nitrated sodium aluminosilicate; and various uranium compounds. Consistent with expectations, oxalate compounds were identified in solids associated with oxalic acid cleaning operations. The most likely oxidation states and chemical forms of technetium are assessed in the context of solubility, since technetium-99 is a key risk driver from an environmental fate and transport perspective. The primary oxidation state of technetium in SRS sludge solids is expected to be Tc(IV). In salt waste, the primary oxidation state is expected to be Tc(VII). The primary form of technetium in sludge is expected to be a hydrated technetium dioxide, TcO{sub 2} {center_dot} xH{sub 2}O, which is relatively insoluble and likely co-precipitated with iron. In salt waste solutions, the primary form of technetium is expected to be the very soluble pertechnetate anion, TcO{sub 4}{sup -}. The relative differences between the F and H Tank Farm waste provide a basis for anticipating differences that will occur as constituents of FTF and HTF waste residue enter the environment over the long-term future. If a constituent is significantly more dominant in one of the Tank Farms, its long-term environmental contribution will likely be commensurately higher, assuming the environmental transport conditions of the two Tank Farms share some commonality. It is in this vein that the information cited in this document is provided - for use during the generation, assessment, and validation of Performance Assessment modeling results.

  5. Halo mass dependence of H I and O VI absorption: evidence for differential kinematics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathes, Nigel L.; Churchill, Christopher W.; Nielsen, Nikole M.; Trujillo-Gomez, Sebastian [New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Kacprzak, Glenn G. [Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria 3122 (Australia); Charlton, Jane; Muzahid, Sowgat [The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2014-09-10

    We studied a sample of 14 galaxies (0.1 < z < 0.7) using HST/WFPC2 imaging and high-resolution HST/COS or HST/STIS quasar spectroscopy of Ly?, Ly?, and O VI ??1031, 1037 absorption. The galaxies, having 10.8 ? log (M {sub h}/M {sub ?}) ? 12.2, lie within D = 300 kpc of quasar sightlines, probing out to D/R {sub vir} = 3. When the full range of M {sub h} and D/R {sub vir} of the sample are examined, ?40% of the H I absorbing clouds can be inferred to be escaping their host halo. The fraction of bound clouds decreases as D/R {sub vir} increases such that the escaping fraction is ?15% for D/R {sub vir} < 1, ?45% for 1 ? D/R {sub vir} < 2, and ?90% for 2 ? D/R {sub vir} < 3. Adopting the median mass log M {sub h}/M {sub ?} = 11.5 to divide the sample into 'higher' and 'lower' mass galaxies, we find a mass dependency for the hot circumgalactic medium kinematics. To our survey limits, O VI absorption is found in only ?40% of the H I clouds in and around lower mass halos as compared to ?85% around higher mass halos. For D/R {sub vir} < 1, lower mass halos have an escape fraction of ?65%, whereas higher mass halos have an escape fraction of ?5%. For 1 ? D/R {sub vir} < 2, the escape fractions are ?55% and ?35% for lower mass and higher mass halos, respectively. For 2 ? D/R {sub vir} < 3, the escape fraction for lower mass halos is ?90%. We show that it is highly likely that the absorbing clouds reside within 4R {sub vir} of their host galaxies and that the kinematics are dominated by outflows. Our finding of 'differential kinematics' is consistent with the scenario of 'differential wind recycling' proposed by Oppenheimer et al. We discuss the implications for galaxy evolution, the stellar to halo mass function, and the mass-metallicity relationship of galaxies.

  6. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully monitored--particularly those negotiated with Cuba, Iran, Libya and Syria. (6) Waste management has also risen in importance for Minatom. Opportunities for raising funds by reprocessing, storing and permanently disposing of spent fuel from foreign states are being explored. Although currently prohibited by federal law, the Russian Parliament will likely pass legislation in support of this program.

  7. National transmission grid study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abraham, Spencer

    2003-05-31

    The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE’s Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE’s analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation’s transmission system in lowering costs to consumers through increased trade. More importantly, DOE’s analysis also confirms the results of previous studies, which show that transmission bottlenecks and related transmission system market practices are adding hundreds of millions of dollars to consumers’ electricity bills each year. A more detailed technical overview of the use of POEMS is provided in Appendix A. DOE led an extensive, open, public input process and heard a wide range of comments and recommendations that have all been considered.1 More than 150 participants registered for three public workshops held in Detroit, MI (September 24, 2001); Atlanta, GA (September 26, 2001); and Phoenix, AZ (September 28, 2001).

  8. Public perception of the nuclear area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imeida, R.A. de

    2013-07-01

    In Brazil electricity production is proving increasingly important, the Brazilian government has recently launched the National Energy Plan, PNE-2030 which aims, among other objectives, to conclude construction of the Angra 3 plant and to deploy new nuclear power plants in the Northeast region. The Brazilian government wants to assess how the public has perceived its energy policy and what the public thinks about the nuclear issue. A public opinion survey was performed and sampling resulted in 127 respondents who were stratified by gender, age and educational level. The survey results show that although most respondents have post-graduate degrees, 64.6% are not aware of, or had never heard of PNE-2030. While 72 respondents consider nuclear energy as an alternative source of clean energy, 84 respondents did not know where the next Brazilian nuclear power plant will be built. The nuclear regulator, CNEN, is seen by 45.7% of respondents as the body that has most credibility to talk about the safety of nuclear power plants and the media most used to obtain information about the nuclear area were newspapers and discussion forums, with 52 and 50 votes respectively. These results prove the need to implement communication plans with clear and concise goals for different segments of society, since the degree of understanding differs within each segment.

  9. The regulatory battleground: A briefing for commanders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirick, D.

    1995-12-31

    This imperfect analogy likens the history and current status of public utility regulation to a military campaign. Clearly, the relationship between regulators and utilities has not always been combative, but intermittent conflict has necessarily characterized the relationship. Nonetheless, this military analogy describes some of the elements of the history of regulation and may have implications for regulatory policy in the near term. The scene is a battlefield headquarters not far from the heat of the conflict. The commanders of regulatory units are gathered. In the distance, the low rumble of troop movements can be heard. Ladies and gentlemen, please take your seats. As you are aware, recent developments have placed regulatory forces in extreme jeopardy. Our forces are under stress, and though they continue to fight, the confusion of the current situation is beginning to take its toll. In most cases, reinforcements have been denied and our lines of logistical support have been weakened. Without effective and rapid action on our part, the regulatory battle will be lost and we will be driven from the field. Until consumers are well-enough armed to protect themselves, a process that is certainly suspect and potentially time-consuming, they will be powerless and undoubtedly victimized.

  10. Empowerment: A fundamental tenet of risk communication and the Nimby syndrome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens, A.D.

    1995-12-01

    Why do people want to be involved in decisions that have the potential to affect their community? Why not-wouldn`t you? The answer seems to obvious that it makes the question appear naive and trite. Yet, for years, government agencies and corporations have behaved in a manner that assumed the correctness of decisions and forced local residents to prove a right to be heard and to fight for the courtesy of respect. To the surprise and growing irritation of organization officials, the degree of trust and acceptance residents have for organizational pronouncements and activities has eroded into a seemingly intractable impediment. Given this environment, it is significant that two veins of social science research, risk communication and rhetorical theroy analyzing the Not-In-My-Back Yard (NIMBY) Phenomenon, are converging to the same point. Both approaches are finding that citizen empowerment--the legitimate intellectual sovereignty and meaningful involvement of individuals in decision making processes--is essential to the success of either type of communicative interaction. An appropriate context must precede the content in risk dialogue.

  11. Report of the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Subcommittee of the Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richter, Burton; Chu, Margaret; Hoffman, Darleane; Juzaitis, Ray; Mtingwa, Sekazi; Omberg, Ronald P.; Rempe, Joy L.; Warin, Dominique

    2012-06-12

    The Fuel Cycle (FC) Subcommittee of NEAC met February 7-8, 2012 in Washington (Drs. Hoffmann and Juzaitis were unable to attend). While the meeting was originally scheduled to occur after the submission of the President’s FY 2013 budget, the submission was delayed a week; thus, we could have no discussion on balance in the NE program. The Agenda is attached as Appendix A. The main focus of the meeting was on accident tolerant fuels, an important post Fukushima issue, and on issues related to the report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future (BRC) as related to the responsibility for used fuel disposal which was assigned to the FC program with the end of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. In addition we heard an update on the systems study program which is aimed at helping chose the best options for advanced reactors, and possible new study on separation and waste form relevance to used fuel disposal (these two items are only discussed in this section of the report).

  12. Morphological Statistics of the Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei F. Shandarin

    2004-05-28

    We report the {\\em first} systematic study of the supercluster-void network in the $\\Lambda$CDM concordance cosmology treating voids and superclusters on an equal footing. We study the dark matter density field in real space smoothed with the $L_s = 5$ \\hm1 Mpc Gaussian window. Superclusters and voids are defined as individual members of over-dense and under-dense excursion sets respectively. We determine the morphological properties of the cosmic web at a large number of dark matter density levels by computing Minkowski functionals for every supercluster and void. At the adopted smoothing scale individual superclusters totally occupy no more than about 5% of the total volume and contain no more than 20% of mass if the largest supercluster is excluded. Likewise, individual voids totally occupy no more than 14% of volume and contain no more than 4% of mass if the largest void is excluded. The genus of individual superclusters can be $\\sim 5$ while the genus of individual voids reaches $\\sim 55$, implying significant amount of substructure in superclusters and especially in voids. Large voids are typically distinctly non-spherical.

  13. Superization of Homogeneous Spin Manifolds and Geometry of Homogeneous Supermanifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Santi

    2009-05-24

    Let M_0=G_0/H be a (pseudo)-Riemannian homogeneous spin manifold, with reductive decomposition g_0=h+m and let S(M_0) be the spin bundle defined by the spin representation Ad:H->\\GL_R(S) of the stabilizer H. This article studies the superizations of M_0, i.e. its extensions to a homogeneous supermanifold M=G/H whose sheaf of superfunctions is isomorphic to Lambda(S^*(M_0)). Here G is the Lie supergroup associated with a certain extension of the Lie algebra of symmetry g_0 to an algebra of supersymmetry g=g_0+g_1=g_0+S via the Kostant-Koszul construction. Each algebra of supersymmetry naturally determines a flat connection nabla^{S} in the spin bundle S(M_0). Killing vectors together with generalized Killing spinors (i.e. nabla^{S}-parallel spinors) are interpreted as the values of appropriate geometric symmetries of M, namely even and odd Killing fields. An explicit formula for the Killing representation of the algebra of supersymmetry is obtained, generalizing some results of Koszul. The generalized spin connection nabla^{S} defines a superconnection on M, via the super-version of a theorem of Wang.

  14. Implicit and explicit schemes for mass consistency preservation in hybrid particle/finite-volume algorithms for turbulent reactive flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popov, Pavel P., E-mail: ppopov@uci.edu; Pope, Stephen B.

    2014-01-15

    This work addresses the issue of particle mass consistency in Large Eddy Simulation/Probability Density Function (LES/PDF) methods for turbulent reactive flows. Numerical schemes for the implicit and explicit enforcement of particle mass consistency (PMC) are introduced, and their performance is examined in a representative LES/PDF application, namely the Sandia–Sydney Bluff-Body flame HM1. A new combination of interpolation schemes for velocity and scalar fields is found to better satisfy PMC than multilinear and fourth-order Lagrangian interpolation. A second-order accurate time-stepping scheme for stochastic differential equations (SDE) is found to improve PMC relative to Euler time stepping, which is the first time that a second-order scheme is found to be beneficial, when compared to a first-order scheme, in an LES/PDF application. An explicit corrective velocity scheme for PMC enforcement is introduced, and its parameters optimized to enforce a specified PMC criterion with minimal corrective velocity magnitudes.

  15. Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions: November 28, 2006 - March 31, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, J. N.; Khalek, I. A.; Smith, L. R.; Fujita, E.; Zielinska, B.

    2011-10-01

    The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) project was a pilot investigation of how fuels and crankcase lubricants contribute to the formation of particulate matter (PM) and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) in vehicle exhaust. As limited vehicles were tested, results are not representative of the whole on-road fleet. Long-term effects were not investigated. Pairs of vehicles (one normal PM emitting, one high-PM emitting) from four categories were selected: light-duty (LD) gasoline cars, medium-duty (MD) diesel trucks, heavy-duty (HD) natural-gas-fueled buses, and HD diesel buses. HD vehicles procured did not exhibit higher PM emissions, and thus were labeled high mileage (HM). Fuels evaluated were non-ethanol gasoline (E0), 10 percent ethanol (E10), conventional low-sulfur TxLED diesel, 20% biodiesel (B20), and natural gas. Temperature effects (20 degrees F, 72 degrees F) were evaluated on LD and MD vehicles. Lubricating oil vintage effects (fresh and aged) were evaluated on all vehicles. LD and MD vehicles were operated on a dynamometer over the California Unified Driving Cycle, while HD vehicles followed the Heavy Duty Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule. Regulated and unregulated emissions were measured. Chemical markers from the unregulated emissions measurements and a tracer were utilized to estimate the lubricant contribution to PM.

  16. Modification-dependent restriction endonuclease, MspJI, flips 5-methylcytosine out of the DNA helix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, J. R.; Wang, H.; Mabuchi, M. Y.; Zhang, X.; Roberts, R. J.; Zheng, Y.; Wilson, G. G.; Cheng, X.

    2014-09-27

    MspJI belongs to a family of restriction enzymes that cleave DNA containing 5-methylcytosine (5mC) or 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). MspJI is specific for the sequence 5(h)mC-N-N-G or A and cleaves with some variability 9/13 nucleotides downstream. Earlier, we reported the crystal structure of MspJI without DNA and proposed how it might recognize this sequence and catalyze cleavage. Here we report its co-crystal structure with a 27-base pair oligonucleotide containing 5mC. This structure confirms that MspJI acts as a homotetramer and that the modified cytosine is flipped from the DNA helix into an SRA-like-binding pocket. We expected the structure to reveal two DNA molecules bound specifically to the tetramer and engaged with the enzyme's two DNA-cleavage sites. A coincidence of crystal packing precluded this organization, however. We found that each DNA molecule interacted with two adjacent tetramers, binding one specifically and the other non-specifically. The latter interaction, which prevented cleavage-site engagement, also involved base flipping and might represent the sequence-interrogation phase that precedes specific recognition. MspJI is unusual in that DNA molecules are recognized and cleaved by different subunits. Such interchange of function might explain how other complex multimeric restriction enzymes act.

  17. International Collaborations on Engineered Barrier Systems: Brief Overview of SKB-EBS Activities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jove-Colon, Carlos F.

    2015-10-01

    Research collaborations with international partners on the behavior and performance of engineered barrier systems (EBS) are an important aspect of the DOE-NE Used Fuel Disposition Campaign strategy in the evaluation of disposal design concepts. These international partnerships are a cost-effective way of engaging in key R&D activities with common goals resulting in effective scientific knowledge exchanges thus enhancing existing and future research programs in the USA. This report provides a brief description of the activities covered by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) EBS Task Force (TF) (referred hereafter as SKB EBS TF) and potential future directions for engagement of the DOE-NE UFDC program in relevant R&D activities. Emphasis is given to SKB EBS TF activities that are still ongoing and aligned to the UFDC R&D program. This include utilization of data collected in the bentonite rock interaction experiment (BRIE) and data sets from benchmark experiments produced by the chemistry or “C” part of the SKB EBS TF. Potential applications of information generated by this program include comparisons/tests between model and data (e.g., reactive diffusion), development and implementation of coupled-process models (e.g., HM), and code/model benchmarking.

  18. Coulomb pairing resonances in multiple-ring aromatic molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huber, D L

    2015-01-01

    We present an analysis of the Coulomb pairing resonances observed in photo-double-ionization studies of CnHm aromatic molecules with multiple benzene-like rings. It is applied to naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene and coronene, all of which have six-member rings, and azulene which is comprised of a five-member and a seven-member ring. There is a high energy resonance at ~ 40 eV that is found in all of the molecules cited and is associated with paired electrons localized on carbon sites on the perimeter of the molecule, each of which having two carbon sites as nearest neighbors. The low energy resonance at 10 eV, which is found only in pyrene and coronene, is attributed to the formation of paired electrons localized on arrays of interior carbon atoms that have the point symmetry of the molecule with each carbon atom having three nearest neighbors. The origin of the anomalous increase in the doubly charged to singly charged parent-ion ratio that is found above the 40 eV resonance in all of the cited ...

  19. Estimation of average burnup of damaged fuels loaded in Fukushima Dai-ichi reactors by using the {sup 134}Cs/{sup 137}Cs ratio method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Endo, T.; Sato, S.; Yamamoto, A.

    2012-07-01

    Average burnup of damaged fuels loaded in Fukushima Dai-ichi reactors is estimated, using the {sup 134}Cs/{sup 137}Cs ratio method for measured radioactivities of {sup 134}Cs and {sup 137}Cs in contaminated soils within the range of 100 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plants. As a result, the measured {sup 134}Cs/{sup 137}Cs ratio from the contaminated soil is 0.996{+-}0.07 as of March 11, 2011. Based on the {sup 134}Cs/{sup 137}Cs ratio method, the estimated burnup of damaged fuels is approximately 17.2{+-}1.5 [GWd/tHM]. It is noted that the numerical results of various calculation codes (SRAC2006/PIJ, SCALE6.0/TRITON, and MVP-BURN) are almost the same evaluation values of {sup 134}Cs/ {sup 137}Cs ratio with same evaluated nuclear data library (ENDF-B/VII.0). The void fraction effect in depletion calculation has a major impact on {sup 134}Cs/{sup 137}Cs ratio compared with the differences between JENDL-4.0 and ENDF-B/VII.0. (authors)

  20. A Fission Gas Release Model for High-Burnup LWR ThO{sub 2}-UO{sub 2} Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Yun; Yi Yuan; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Pilat, Edward E.

    2002-06-15

    Fission gas release in thoria-urania fuel has been investigated by creating a specially modified FRAPCON-3 code. Because of the reduced buildup of {sup 239}Pu and a flatter distribution of {sup 233}U, the new model THUPS (Thoria-Urania Power Shape) was developed to calculate the radial power distribution, including the effects of both plutonium and {sup 233}U. Additionally, a new porosity model for the rim region was introduced at high burnup. The mechanisms of fission gas release in ThO{sub 2}-UO{sub 2} fuel are expected to be essentially similar to those of UO{sub 2} fuel; therefore, the general formulations of the existing fission gas release models in FRAPCON-3 were retained. However, the gas diffusion coefficient was adjusted to a lower level to account for the smaller observed release fraction in the thoria-based fuel. To model the accelerated fission gas release at high burnup properly, a new athermal fission gas release model was introduced. The modified version of FRAPCON-3 was calibrated using the measured fission gas release data from the light water breeder reactor. Using the new model to calculate the gas release in typical pressurized water reactor hot pins gives data that indicate that the ThO{sub 2}-UO{sub 2} fuel will have considerably lower fission gas release above a burnup of 50 MWd/kg HM.

  1. New dissipated energy for nonnegative weak solution of unstable thin-film equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marina Chugunova; Roman M. Taranets

    2010-07-14

    The fluid thin film equation $h_t = - (h^n h_{xxx})_x - a_1\\,(h^m h_x)_x$ is known to conserve mass $\\int\\,h \\, dx$, and in the case of $a_1 \\leq 0$, to dissipate entropy $\\int\\,h^{3/2 - n}\\,dx$ (see [8]) and the $L^2$-norm of the gradient $\\int\\,h_x^2\\,dx$ (see [3]). For the special case of $a_1 = 0$ a new dissipated quantity $\\int\\, h^{\\alpha}\\,h_x^2\\,dx $ was recently discovered for positive classical solutions by Laugesen (see [15]). We extend it in two ways. First, we prove that Laugesen's functional dissipates strong nonnegative generalized solutions. Second, we prove the full $\\alpha$-energy $\\int\\,\\bigl(\\frac{1}{2} \\,h^\\alpha \\, h_x^2\\, - \\frac{a_1\\,h^{\\alpha + m - n + 2}}{(\\alpha + m - n + 1)(\\alpha + m - n + 2)} \\bigr)\\, dx $ dissipation for strong nonnegative generalized solutions in the case of the unstable porous media perturbation $a_1> 0$ and the critical exponent $m = n+2$.

  2. Photoelectron imaging and theoretical study on the structure and chemical binding of the mixed-ligand M(I) complexes, [HMSH]{sup ?} (M = Cu, Ag, and Au)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Zhengbo; Liu, Zhiling; Cong, Ran; Xie, Hua; Tang, Zichao, E-mail: zctang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: fanhj@dicp.ac.cn; Fan, Hongjun, E-mail: zctang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: fanhj@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)

    2014-03-21

    We have reported a combined photoelectron imaging and theoretical study on gaseous mixed-ligand M(I) complexes of [HMSH]{sup ?} (M = Cu, Ag, and Au). With the aid of Franck-Condon simulations, vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra yield accurate electron affinities of 3.269(6), 3.669(10), and 3.591(6) eV for [HCuSH], [HAgSH], and [HAuSH], respectively. And low-frequency modes are observed: 368(12) cm{sup ?1} for [HCuSH], 286(12) cm{sup ?1} for [HAgSH], and 327(12) cm{sup ?1} for [HAuSH], respectively. Extensive theoretical calculations are performed to aid in the spectral assignments and the calculated values agree well with the experimental observations. Although the S and H atoms have little discrepancy in electronegativity (2.20 for H and 2.54 for S), distinct bonding properties are demonstrated between H–M and M–S bond. It is revealed that there exists significant ionic bonding between M–S in [HMSH]{sup ?} (M = Cu, Ag, and Au), while a gradual transition from ionic behavior between H–Cu in [HCuSH]{sup ?} to quite strong covalent bonding between H–Au in [HAuSH]{sup ?}, supported by a variety of chemical bonding analyses.

  3. Full self-consistency versus quasiparticle self-consistency in diagrammatic approaches: Exactly solvable two-site Hubbard model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kutepov, A. L.

    2015-07-22

    Self-consistent solutions of Hedin's equations (HE) for the two-site Hubbard model (HM) have been studied. They have been found for three-point vertices of increasing complexity (? = 1 (GW approximation), ?? from the first-order perturbation theory, and the exact vertex ?E). Comparison is made between the cases when an additional quasiparticle (QP) approximation for Green's functions is applied during the self-consistent iterative solving of HE and when QP approximation is not applied. Results obtained with the exact vertex are directly related to the present open question—which approximation is more advantageous for future implementations, GW + DMFT or QPGW + DMFT.more »It is shown that in a regime of strong correlations only the originally proposed GW + DMFT scheme is able to provide reliable results. Vertex corrections based on Perturbation Theory systematically improve the GW results when full self-consistency is applied. The application of QP self-consistency combined with PT vertex corrections shows similar problems to the case when the exact vertex is applied combined with QP sc. An analysis of Ward Identity violation is performed for all studied in this work's approximations and its relation to the general accuracy of the schemes used is provided.« less

  4. Energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of corn and cellulosic ethanol with technology improvements and land use changes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.; Han, J.; Haq, Z; Tyner, .W.; Wu, M.; Elgowainy, A.

    2011-05-01

    Use of ethanol as a transportation fuel in the United States has grown from 76 dam{sup 3} in 1980 to over 40.1 hm{sup 3} in 2009 - and virtually all of it has been produced from corn. It has been debated whether using corn ethanol results in any energy and greenhouse gas benefits. This issue has been especially critical in the past several years, when indirect effects, such as indirect land use changes, associated with U.S. corn ethanol production are considered in evaluation. In the past three years, modeling of direct and indirect land use changes related to the production of corn ethanol has advanced significantly. Meanwhile, technology improvements in key stages of the ethanol life cycle (such as corn farming and ethanol production) have been made. With updated simulation results of direct and indirect land use changes and observed technology improvements in the past several years, we conducted a life-cycle analysis of ethanol and show that at present and in the near future, using corn ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emission by more than 20%, relative to those of petroleum gasoline. On the other hand, second-generation ethanol could achieve much higher reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In a broader sense, sound evaluation of U.S. biofuel policies should account for both unanticipated consequences and technology potentials. We maintain that the usefulness of such evaluations is to provide insight into how to prevent unanticipated consequences and how to promote efficient technologies with policy intervention.

  5. Annual report, spring 2015. Alternative chemical cleaning methods for high level waste tanks-corrosion test results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wyrwas, R. B.

    2015-07-06

    The testing presented in this report is in support of the investigation of the Alternative Chemical Cleaning program to aid in developing strategies and technologies to chemically clean radioactive High Level Waste tanks prior to tank closure. The data and conclusions presented here were the examination of the corrosion rates of A285 carbon steel and 304L stainless steel when interacted with the chemical cleaning solution composed of 0.18 M nitric acid and 0.5 wt. % oxalic acid. This solution has been proposed as a dissolution solution that would be used to remove the remaining hard heel portion of the sludge in the waste tanks. This solution was combined with the HM and PUREX simulated sludge with dilution ratios that represent the bulk oxalic cleaning process (20:1 ratio, acid solution to simulant) and the cumulative volume associated with multiple acid strikes (50:1 ratio). The testing was conducted over 28 days at 50°C and deployed two methods to invest the corrosion conditions; passive weight loss coupon and an active electrochemical probe were used to collect data on the corrosion rate and material performance. In addition to investigating the chemical cleaning solutions, electrochemical corrosion testing was performed on acidic and basic solutions containing sodium permanganate at room temperature to explore the corrosion impacts if these solutions were to be implemented to retrieve remaining actinides that are currently in the sludge of the tank.

  6. A Validation Study of Pin Heat Transfer for MOX Fuel Based on the IFA-597 Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillippe, Aaron M; Clarno, Kevin T; Banfield, James E; Ott, Larry J; Philip, Bobby; Berrill, Mark A; Sampath, Rahul S; Allu, Srikanth; Hamilton, Steven P

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The IFA-597 (Integrated Fuel Assessment) experiments from the International Fuel Performance Experiments (IFPE) database were designed to study the thermal behavior of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel and the effects of an annulus on fission gas release in light-water-reactor fuel. An evaluation of nuclear fuel pin heat transfer in the FRAPCON-3.4 and Exnihilo codes for MOX fuel systems was performed, with a focus on the first 20 time steps ( 6 GWd/MT(iHM)) for explicit comparison between the codes. In addition, sensitivity studies were performed to evaluate the effect of the radial power shape and approximations to the geometry to account for the thermocouple hole, dish, and chamfer. The analysis demonstrated relative agreement for both solid (rod 1) and annular (rod 2) fuel in the experiment, demonstrating the accuracy of the codes and their underlying material models for MOX fuel, while also revealing a small energy loss artifact in how gap conductance is currently handled in Exnihilo for chamfered fuel pellets. The within-pellet power shape was shown to significantly impact the predicted centerline temperatures. This has provided an initial benchmarking of the pin heat transfer capability of Exnihilo for MOX fuel with respect to a well-validated nuclear fuel performance code.

  7. Modification-dependent restriction endonuclease, MspJI, flips 5-methylcytosine out of the DNA helix

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Horton, J. R.; Wang, H.; Mabuchi, M. Y.; Zhang, X.; Roberts, R. J.; Zheng, Y.; Wilson, G. G.; Cheng, X.

    2014-09-27

    MspJI belongs to a family of restriction enzymes that cleave DNA containing 5-methylcytosine (5mC) or 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). MspJI is specific for the sequence 5(h)mC-N-N-G or A and cleaves with some variability 9/13 nucleotides downstream. Earlier, we reported the crystal structure of MspJI without DNA and proposed how it might recognize this sequence and catalyze cleavage. Here we report its co-crystal structure with a 27-base pair oligonucleotide containing 5mC. This structure confirms that MspJI acts as a homotetramer and that the modified cytosine is flipped from the DNA helix into an SRA-like-binding pocket. We expected the structure to reveal two DNAmore »molecules bound specifically to the tetramer and engaged with the enzyme's two DNA-cleavage sites. A coincidence of crystal packing precluded this organization, however. We found that each DNA molecule interacted with two adjacent tetramers, binding one specifically and the other non-specifically. The latter interaction, which prevented cleavage-site engagement, also involved base flipping and might represent the sequence-interrogation phase that precedes specific recognition. MspJI is unusual in that DNA molecules are recognized and cleaved by different subunits. Such interchange of function might explain how other complex multimeric restriction enzymes act.« less

  8. For Stimul-Responsive Polymers with Enhanced Efficiency in Reservoir Recovery Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles McCormick; Roger Hester

    2003-02-28

    Acrylamide-based hydrophobically modified (HM) polybetaines containing N-butylphenylacrylamide (BPAM) and varying amounts of either sulfobetaine (3-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanedimethylammonio)-1-propanesulfonate, AMPDAPS) or carboxybetaine (4-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropyldimethylammonio) butanoate, AMPDAB) comonomers were synthesized via micellar copolymerization. The terpolymers were characterized via {sup 13}C NMR and UV spectroscopies, classical and dynamic light scattering, and potentiometric titration. The response of aqueous polymer solutions to various external stimuli, including changes in solution pH, electrolyte concentration, and the addition of small molecule surfactants, was investigated using surface tension and rheological measurements. Low charge density terpolymers were found to show greater viscosity enhancement upon the addition of surfactant compared to the high charge density terpolymers. The addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) produced the largest maximum in solution viscosity, while N-dodecyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB), N-dodecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio-1-propanesulfonate (SB3-12), and Triton X-100 tended to show reduced viscosity enhancement. In most cases, the high charge density carboxybetaine terpolymer exhibited diminished solution viscosities upon surfactant addition. In our last report, we discussed solution thermodynamic theory that described changes in polymer coil conformation as a function of solution temperature and polymer molecular weight. These polymers contained no ionic charges. In this report, we expand polymer solution theory to account for the electrostatic interactions present in solutions of charged polymers. Polymers with ionic charges are referred to as polyions or polyelectrolytes.

  9. Needs assessment activity report. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-11-01

    As part of a Transportation Management Division task (TMD), the Packaging Programs and Testing Group within Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) has assessed the packaging needs of some of the mid- and small-sized US Department of Energy (DOE) sites by visiting them and meeting with their transportation and packaging personnel. To date, ten DOE facilities have been visited. As a result, these sites have been informed of some of the packaging activities that TMD has sponsored and is sponsoring, have been appraised of possible upcoming changes to transportation regulations, have discussed their short-term packaging needs, and have shared unique packaging they have developed which may be of use to other DOE facilities. Program successes include developing a questionnaire that discusses the potential impact of US Department of Transportation (DOT) Docket HM-169A, Transportation Regulations; Compatibility with Regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency; Notice of Proposed Rule (DOT 1989), discovery of a need for a reusable Type A liquid sample packaging and starting its development within another TMD task, coordinating resources between Fermi Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory, and widening the distribution of WHC-EP-0558, Test and Evaluation Document for DOT Specification 7A Type A Packaging (WHC 1994).

  10. Hydride compositions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Myung, W.

    1994-01-01

    Disclosed are a composition for use in storing hydrogen and a method for making the composition. The composition comprises a mixture of two or more hydrides, each hydride having a different series of hydrogen sorption isotherms that contribute to the overall isotherms of the mixture. The hydrides are chosen so that the isotherms of the mixture have regions wherein the H equilibrium pressure increases with increasing hydrogen, preferably linearly. The isotherms of the mixture can be adjusted by selecting hydrides with different isotherms and by varying the amounts of the individual hydrides, or both. Preferably, the mixture is made up of hydrides that have isotherms with substantially flat plateaus and in nearly equimolar amounts. The composition is activated by degassing, exposing to H, and then heating below the softening temperature of any of the constituents. When the composition is used to store hydrogen, its hydrogen content can be found simply by measuring P{sub H}{sub 2} and determining H/M from the isothermic function of the composition.

  11. HLW Return from France to Germany - 15 Years of Experience in Public Acceptance and Technical Aspects - 12149

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, Wilhelm

    2012-07-01

    Since in 1984 the national reprocessing concept was abandoned the reprocessing abroad was the only existing disposal route until 1994. With the amendment of the Atomic Energy Act in 2001 spent fuel management changed completely since from 1 June 2005 any delivery of spent fuel to reprocessing plants was prohibited and the direct disposal of spent fuel became mandatory. Until 2005 the total amount of spent fuel to be reprocessed abroad added up to 6080 t HM, 5309 t HM thereof in France. The waste generated from reprocessing - alternatively an equivalent amount of radioactive material - has to be returned to the country of origin according to the commercial contracts signed between the German utilities and COGEMA, now AREVA NC, in France and BNFL, now INS in UK. In addition the German and the French government exchanged notes with the obligation of both sides to enable and support the return of reprocessing residues or equivalents to Germany. The return of high active vitrified waste from La Hague to the interim storage facility at Gorleben was demanding from the technical view i. e. the cask design and the transport. Unfortunately the Gorleben area served as a target for nuclear opponents from the first transport in 1996 to the latest one in 2011. The protection against sabotage of the railway lines and mass protests needed highly improved security measures. In France and Germany special working forces and projects have been set up to cope with this extraordinary situation. A complex transport organization was established to involve all parties in line with the German and French requirements during transport. The last transport of vitrified residues from France has been completed successfully so far thus confirming the efficiency of the applied measures. Over 15 years there was and still is worldwide no comparable situation it is still unique. Summing up, the exceptional project handling challenge that resulted from the continuous anti-nuclear civil disobedience in Germany over the whole 15-year long project running time could be faced efficiently. It has to be concluded that despite of all problems the anti-nuclear activities have caused so far, all transports of vitrified HLW have always been completed successfully by adapting the commonly established safety, security and public acceptance measures to the special conditions and needs in Germany and coordinating the activities of all parties involved but at the expense of high costs for industry and government and a challenging operational complexity. Apart from an anticipatory project planning a good communication between all involved industrial parties and the French and the German government was the key to the effective management of such shipments and to minimize the radiological, economic, environmental, public and political impact. The future will show how efficiently the gained experience can be used for further return projects which are to be realized since no reprocessed waste has yet been returned from UK and neither the medium-level nor the low-level radioactive waste has been transferred from France to Germany. (author)

  12. When the facts are just not enough: Credibly communicating about risk is riskier when emotions run high and time is short

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, Barbara J.

    2011-07-15

    When discussing risk with people, commonly subject matter experts believe that conveying the facts will be enough to allow people to assess a risk and respond rationally to that risk. Because of this expectation, experts often become exasperated by the seemingly illogical way people assess personal risk and choose to manage that risk. In crisis situations when the risk information is less defined and choices must be made within impossible time constraints, the thought processes may be even more susceptible to faulty heuristics. Understanding the perception of risk is essential to understanding why the public becomes more or less upset by events. This article explores the psychological underpinnings of risk assessment within emotionally laden events and the risk communication practices that may facilitate subject matter experts to provide the facts in a manner so they can be more certain those facts are being heard. Source credibility is foundational to risk communication practices. The public meeting is one example in which these best practices can be exercised. Risks are risky because risk perceptions differ and the psychosocial environment in which risk is discussed complicates making risk decisions. Experts who want to influence the actions of the public related to a threat or risk should understand that decisions often involve emotional as well as logical components. The media and other social entities will also influence the risk context. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's crisis and emergency-risk communication (CERC) principles are intended to increase credibility and recognize emotional components of an event. During a risk event, CERC works to calm emotions and increase trust which can help people apply the expertise being offered by response officials.

  13. Estimation of the formation rates of polyatomic species of heavy metals in plutonium analyses using a multicollector ICP-MS with a desolvating nebulizer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitroshkov, Alexandre V. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Olsen, Khris B. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Thomas, Linda M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The analyses of IAEA and environmental samples for Plutonium isotopic content are conducted normally at very low concentrations of Pu–usually in the range of part per trillion level and even more often at the parts per quadrillion level. To analyze such low concentrations, the interferences in the analytical solution must be reduced as much as possible. Polyatomic interferences (PIs), formed by the heavy metals (HMs) from Hf to Bi are known to create the problems for Pu isotopic analyses, because even the relatively high resolution of a modern multicollector ICP-MS is not enough to separate Pu isotopes from this PIs in most of the cases. Desolvating nebulizers (DSN) (e.g. APEX and AridusII) reduce significantly the formation of PIs compare to the use of wet plasma. The purpose of this work was to investigate the rate of formation of PIs, produced by HMs, when high resolution MC ICP-MS with desolvating nebulizer was used for Pu isotopic analyses and to estimate the influence of the metals present in the sample on the results of analyses. The NU Plasma HR Multicollector and AridusII desolvating nebulizer were used in this investigation. This investigation was done for all Pu isotopes normally analyzed by ICP-MS, including ²??Pu, with the exception of ²³?Pu, which most of the time can’t be analyzed by ICP-MS, because of the overwhelming presence of ²³?U in the solutions. The PI formation rates were determined and reported for all 12 HMs from Hf to Bi. Selected IAEA samples were scanned for the presence of HMs and the influence of HMs on the results of Pu isotopic analyses was evaluated. It was found that the implemented separation procedure provides sufficient separation of HM from Pu, although the effect of PIs on the measurement of low level isotopes like ²?¹Pu and ²?²Pu in some cases can still be observed.

  14. SLUDGE WASHING AND DEMONSTRATION OF THE DWPF FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS FOR SLUDGE BATCH 5 QUALIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J; Cj Bannochie, C; Damon Click, D; Dan Lambert, D; Michael Stone, M; Bradley Pickenheim, B; Amanda Billings, A; Ned Bibler, N

    2008-11-10

    Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) is predominantly a combination of H-modified (HM) sludge from Tank 11 that underwent aluminum dissolution in late 2007 to reduce the total mass of sludge solids and aluminum being fed to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) and Purex sludge transferred from Tank 7. Following aluminum dissolution, the addition of Tank 7 sludge and excess Pu to Tank 51, Liquid Waste Operations (LWO) provided the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) a 3-L sample of Tank 51 sludge for SB5 qualification. SB5 qualification included washing the sample per LWO plans/projections (including the addition of a Pu/Be stream from H Canyon), DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC) simulations, waste glass fabrication (vitrification), and waste glass chemical durability evaluation. This report documents: (1) The washing (addition of water to dilute the sludge supernatant) and concentration (decanting of supernatant) of the Tank 51 qualification sample to adjust sodium content and weight percent insoluble solids to Tank Farm projections. (2) The performance of a DWPF CPC simulation using the washed Tank 51 sample. This includes a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, where acid is added to the sludge to destroy nitrite and remove mercury, and a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle, where glass frit is added to the sludge in preparation for vitrification. The SME cycle also included replication of five canister decontamination additions and concentrations. Processing parameters for the CPC processing were based on work with a non radioactive simulant. (3) Vitrification of a portion of the SME product and Product Consistency Test (PCT) evaluation of the resulting glass. (4) Rheology measurements of the initial slurry samples and samples after each phase of CPC processing. This work is controlled by a Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP) , and analyses are guided by an Analytical Study Plan. This work is Technical Baseline Research and Development (R&D) for the DWPF.

  15. A quantitative analysis of the effect of ELMs on H-mode thermal energy confinement in DIII-D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schissel, D.P.; Osborne, T.H.; Carlstrom, T.N. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Zohm, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany)

    1992-06-01

    The desire to reach ignition in future tokamaks the energy confinement time critical parameter. The most promising enhanced (over L-mode) confinement regime is the H-mode, discovered on ASDEX with neutral beam heating, and then confirmed with various auxiliary heating sources on numerous machines. The knowledge of how H-mode {tau}{sub E} depends on different parameters is of chemical importance to the performance predictions for next generation devices. Inter-machine H-mode total and thermal energy confinement ({tau}{sub th}) scalings, which are being utilized to predict ITER thermal energy confinement, have been created for discharges where the Edge Localized Mode (ELM) instability has not been present. Confinement scaling research hm concentrated on this ELM-free H-mode phase mostly owing to the difficulty of characterizing ELM behavior. To date, long pulse H-mode operation has only been achieved by utilizing ELMs to flush out unpurities and prevent radiative collapse of the discharge. Unfortunately, accompanying the ELMS is a decrease of the plasma stored energy due to the expulsion of particles near the edge of the discharge resulting in a reduction of the steep edge electron density gradient. In order to predict ITER`s H-mode {tau}{sub th} in the presence of ELMS, an estimated 25% confinement degradation factor has been applied to the ELM-free predictions. Our work, summarized in this paper, indicates that this 25% reduction factor is too large and instead a value of approximately 15% would be more appropriate.

  16. A quantitative analysis of the effect of ELMs on H-mode thermal energy confinement in DIII-D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schissel, D.P.; Osborne, T.H.; Carlstrom, T.N. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)); Zohm, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany))

    1992-06-01

    The desire to reach ignition in future tokamaks the energy confinement time critical parameter. The most promising enhanced (over L-mode) confinement regime is the H-mode, discovered on ASDEX with neutral beam heating, and then confirmed with various auxiliary heating sources on numerous machines. The knowledge of how H-mode {tau}{sub E} depends on different parameters is of chemical importance to the performance predictions for next generation devices. Inter-machine H-mode total and thermal energy confinement ({tau}{sub th}) scalings, which are being utilized to predict ITER thermal energy confinement, have been created for discharges where the Edge Localized Mode (ELM) instability has not been present. Confinement scaling research hm concentrated on this ELM-free H-mode phase mostly owing to the difficulty of characterizing ELM behavior. To date, long pulse H-mode operation has only been achieved by utilizing ELMs to flush out unpurities and prevent radiative collapse of the discharge. Unfortunately, accompanying the ELMS is a decrease of the plasma stored energy due to the expulsion of particles near the edge of the discharge resulting in a reduction of the steep edge electron density gradient. In order to predict ITER's H-mode {tau}{sub th} in the presence of ELMS, an estimated 25% confinement degradation factor has been applied to the ELM-free predictions. Our work, summarized in this paper, indicates that this 25% reduction factor is too large and instead a value of approximately 15% would be more appropriate.

  17. Performance evaluation of two-stage fuel cycle from SFR to PWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fei, T.; Hoffman, E.A.; Kim, T.K.; Taiwo, T.A. [Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL (United States)

    2013-07-01

    One potential fuel cycle option being considered is a two-stage fuel cycle system involving the continuous recycle of transuranics in a fast reactor and the use of bred plutonium in a thermal reactor. The first stage is a Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) fuel cycle with metallic U-TRU-Zr fuel. The SFRs need to have a breeding ratio greater than 1.0 in order to produce fissile material for use in the second stage. The second stage is a PWR fuel cycle with uranium and plutonium mixed oxide fuel based on the design and performance of the current state-of-the-art commercial PWRs with an average discharge burnup of 50 MWd/kgHM. This paper evaluates the possibility of this fuel cycle option and discusses its fuel cycle performance characteristics. The study focuses on an equilibrium stage of the fuel cycle. Results indicate that, in order to avoid a positive coolant void reactivity feedback in the stage-2 PWR, the reactor requires high quality of plutonium from the first stage and minor actinides in the discharge fuel of the PWR needs to be separated and sent back to the stage-1 SFR. The electricity-sharing ratio between the 2 stages is 87.0% (SFR) to 13.0% (PWR) for a TRU inventory ratio (the mass of TRU in the discharge fuel divided by the mass of TRU in the fresh fuel) of 1.06. A sensitivity study indicated that by increasing the TRU inventory ratio to 1.13, The electricity generation fraction of stage-2 PWR is increased to 28.9%. The two-stage fuel cycle system considered in this study was found to provide a high uranium utilization (>80%). (authors)

  18. Development of an IAEA Training Course for Future U.S. Inspectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savannah Avgerinos Fitzwater; Amanda R. Rynes; David S. Bracken; Richard R. M. Metcalf; James D. West

    2011-07-01

    U.S. citizens currently make up only 12% of the positions held in the IAEA’s Department of Safeguards. While the United States has maintained a high level of support for the Agency over the duration of its history, the number of American inspectors currently in the field does not reflect this level of involvement. As a result, the National Nuclear Security Administration’s Office of International Relations, as part of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) mission, has tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to develop a rigorous two week hands-on training program to encourage and operationally acclimatize U.S. Citizens who are interested in applying for IAEA inspector positions using IAEA authorized equipment at INL. Idaho National Laboratory is one-of-a-kind in its ability to train IAEA inspectors by including training at nuclear facilities on site and includes, for example, direct measurement of an active spent fuel storage cooling pond. This accredited course will introduce and train attendees on the major IAEA systems used in collecting nuclear safeguards data and performing safeguards inspections. Unique in the United States, these classes will give attendees direct hands-on training and will address equipment purpose, function, operating principles, application, and troubleshooting, based upon what would be expected of an IAEA Safeguards Inspector in the field and in the office. Upon completion, U.S. applicants will be better qualified to pursue a position in the IAEA Department of Safeguards Operational Divisions. In support, INL has recently established a new laboratory space to house state of the art nuclear safeguards instrumentation. Currently, equipment installed in the laboratory space includes attended systems: 3DLR (3-D Imaging Laser) for design information verification, a Digital Cerenkov Viewing Device for measurement of spent fuel, HM-5 handheld radiation detectors, quantitative neutron and gamma systems; unattended monitoring systems including: NGAM and MiniGRAND radiation systems and a DMOS camera system, and VACOSS/EOSS Optical Sealing Systems..

  19. QER- Comment of Don Ogden

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To the Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force and Energy Policy Systems Analysis Staff: We are unable to attend today's public meeting in Hartford, CT. With only four working days advanced notice of this event we find it difficult to believe that any real effort has been made on your part to reach out to the public for their input. Be that as it may, we want to take this opportunity to comment on the very subject of this meeting. The only true energy related "Infrastructure constraints" we are aware of here in New England are those experienced by corporate entities who seek to export our precious resources to other nations for profit. This, of course, is not at all in the public's interest. Certainly you recall all the efforts our goverment put into establishing "Energy Independence"? That phrase has, and continues to be the watchword heard throughout our nation. Why now, when so-called "Energy Independence" has yet to be established, would we choose to enable private corporations to export gas and oil to other countries at our expense? Further, why is it that corporations and their supporters in government are not actively seeking to repair the massive and dangerous leaks in our existing pipelines? How can corporations and government agencies who reportedly oversee energy corporations even consider building new pipelines when the existing ones are in so need of repair? With this in mind, the only "constraints" we are aware of are the lack of constraints on energy corporations run amok, forever seeking more profits at the expense of the public good. Please recall your mission: "The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions." Such security is only possible if we plan ahead for future generations in the midst of the Climate Crisis. Selling off our energy resources to other nations until they are depleted is not in keeping with that mission. Allowing existing energy infrastructure to leak methane and other elements into our compromised atmosphere is not in keeping with that mission. Let's have some of those "transformative solutions", let's put every effort into limiting gas & oil leaks and keeping our energy resources here at home. Don Ogden, producer/co-host The Enviro Show WXOJ-LP & WMCB

  20. U.S. Transport Task Force Meeting - April 2014 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tynan, George R.

    2014-09-19

    The ultimate goal of the U.S. Transport Task Force is to develop a physics-based understanding of confinement and particle, momentum and heat transport in magnetic fusion devices. This understanding should be of sufficient depth that it allows the development of predictive models of plasma transport that can be validated against experiment, and then used to anticipate the future performance of burning plasmas in ITER, as well as to provide guidance to the design of next-step fusion nuclear science facilities. To achieve success in transport science, it is essential to characterize local fluctuations and transport in toroidal plasmas, to understand the basic mechanisms responsible for transport, and ultimately to control these transport processes. These goals must be pursued in multiple areas, including ion and electron thermal transport, particle and momentum transport, the physics of H-modes and the edge pedestal, Internal Transport Barriers, energetic particle transport and 3D effects on all the underlying transport processes. Demonstrating our understanding requires multiple, successful, quantitative tests of theory, simulation and modeling using experimental results in fusion-relevant and basic plasmas (i.e., verification and validation). The 2014 U.S. TTF meeting was held in April 2014 in San Antonio TX to provide a forum for leading scientists focused on the study of transport of particles, momentum and heat in fusion plasmas. Approximately 110 scientists from the US and several from the EU and from China attended and heard oral talks on recent transport results. Several poster sessions were also held. One day of plenary talks were followed by Breakout sessions and poster sessions that were held on focused topics, including L-H transition physics, energetic particles, transport in high performance plasmas, divertor particle and heat flux management and innovative divertor designs, fundamental turbulence studies, end edge transport shortfall. Most of the invited oral talks are archived at the meeting website, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Presentations.html A book of abtracts for all presentations and posters at the meeting is also available, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Home_files/TTF%202014%20Abstract%20Book%20Final.pdf Finally the program for the meeting is also available, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Home_files/TTF%202014%20Meeting%20Schedule.pdf

  1. National K-12 Educator Conference; "Earth Then, Earth Now: Our Changing Climate" (July 23-24, 2008)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flammer, Karen; O'Shaughnessy, Tam

    2013-12-11

    With the support of the Department of Energy, the National Science Teachers Association and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Imaginary Lines Inc. (dba Sally Ride Science) delivered a highly successful 2-day conference to 165 K-12 educators on climate change. The event took place on July 23rd and 24th, 2008 at the NOAA facility in Silver Spring, MD. The conference celebrated the 25th anniversary of Dr. Sally Ride’s first flight into space in 1983 and examined how our understanding of Earth has changed in those 25 years. One the first day of the conference, participants heard a keynote talk delivered by Dr. Sally Ride, followed by presentations by well-known climate change scientists: Dr. Richard Somerville, Dr. Inez Fung and Dr. Susan Solomon. These sessions were concurrently webcast and made available to educators who were unable to attend the conference. On the second day of the conference, participants attended breakout sessions where they performed climate change activities (e.g. “Neato Albedo!”, “Greenhouse in a Bottle”, “Shell-Shocked”) that they could take back to their classrooms. Additional break-out sessions on using remote sensing images to illustrate climate change effects on Earth’s surface and how to address the climate change debate, were also offered. During lunch, participants attended an Educator Street Fair and had the opportunity to interact with representatives from NOAA, NASA, the EPA, NEEF and the JASON project. A follow-up evaluation survey was administered to all conference attendees immediately following the conference to evaluate its effectiveness. The results of this survey were overwhelmingly positive. The conference materials: presentation Power Points, workshop handouts and activities were available for teachers to download after the conference from the Sally Ride Science website. In summary, the approximately $55K support for the Department of Energy was used to help plan, deliver and evaluate the “Earth Then, Earth Now: Our Changing Climate”, conference which took place on July 23rd and 24th, 2008 at the NOAA facility in Silver Spring, MD.

  2. Community Surveys: Low Dose Radiation. Fernald, Ohio and Rocky Flats, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. K. Mertz; James Flynn; Donald G. MacGregor; Theresa Satterfield; Stephen M. Johnson; Seth Tuler; Thomas Webler

    2002-10-16

    This report is intended to present a basic description of the data from the two community surveys and to document the text of the questions; the methods used for the survey data collection; and a brief overview of the results. Completed surveys were conducted at local communities near the Rocky Flats, Colorado and the Fernald, Ohio sites; no survey was conducted for the Brookhaven, New York site. Fernald. The Fernald sample was randomly selected from 98% of all potential residential telephones in the townships of Ross, Morgan, and Crosby. The only telephone exchanges not used for the Fernald study had 4%, or fewer, of the holders of the telephone numbers actually living in either of the three target townships. Surveying started on July 24, 2001 and finished on August 30, 2001. A total of 399 completed interviews were obtained resulting in a CASRO response rate of 41.8%. The average length of an interview was 16.5 minutes. Rocky Flats. The sample was randomly selected from all potential residential telephones in Arvada and from 99% of the potential telephones in Westminster. Surveying started on August 10, 2001 and finished on September 25, 2001. A total of 401 completed interviews were obtained with a CASRO response rate of 32.5%. The average length of an interview was 15.7 minutes. Overall, respondents hold favorable views of science. They indicate an interest in developments in science and technology, feel that the world is better off because of science, and that science makes our lives healthier, easier, and more comfortable. However, respondents are divided on whether science should decide what is safe or not safe for themselves and their families. The majority of the respondents think that standards for exposure to radiation should be based on what science knows about health effects of radiation and on what is possible with today's technology. Although few respondents had visited the sites, most had heard or read something about Fernald or Rocky Flat s in the media. Impressions of the sites tend to be negative. Most respondents feel that overall their community would be better off without the site. However, when asked about the economic future of their community after cleanup and closure of the site, only 31-43% thought that it will be better, 47-56% thought their local economy will be about the same.

  3. Disorder dependent half-metallicity in Mn{sub 2}CoSi inverse Heusler alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Mukhtiyar; Saini, Hardev S.; Thakur, Jyoti; Reshak, Ali H.; Kashyap, Manish K.

    2013-12-15

    Heusler alloys based thin-films often exhibit a degree of atomic disorder which leads to the lowering of spin polarization in spintronic devices. We present ab-initio calculations of atomic disorder effects on spin polarization and half-metallicity of Mn{sub 2}CoSi inverse Heusler alloy. The five types of disorder in Mn{sub 2}CoSi have been proposed and investigated in detail. The A2{sub a}-type and B2-type disorders destroy the half-metallicity whereas it sustains for all disorders concentrations in DO{sub 3a}- and A2{sub b}-type disorder and for smallest disorder concentration studied in DO{sub 3b}-type disorder. Lower formation energy/atom for A2{sub b}-type disorder than other four disorders in Mn{sub 2}CoSi advocates the stability of this disorder. The total magnetic moment shows a strong dependence on the disorder and the change in chemical environment. The 100% spin polarization even in the presence of disorders explicitly supports that these disorders shall not hinder the use of Mn{sub 2}CoSi inverse Heusler alloy in device applications. - Graphical abstract: Minority-spin gap (E{sub g?}) and HM gap (E{sub sf}) as a function of concentrations of various possible disorder in Mn{sub 2}CoSi inverse Heusler alloy. The squares with solid line (black color)/dotted line (blue color)/dashed line (red color) reperesents E{sub g?} for DO{sub 3a}-/DO{sub 3b}-/A2{sub b}-type disorder in Mn{sub 2}CoSi and the spheres with solid line (black color)/dottedline (blue color)/dashed line (red color) represents E{sub sf} for DO{sub 3a}-/DO{sub 3b}-/A2{sub b}-type disorder in Mn{sub 2}CoSi. - Highlights: • The DO{sub 3}- and A2-type disorders do not affect the half-metallicity in Mn{sub 2}CoSi. • The B2-type disorder solely destroys half-metallicity in Mn{sub 2}CoSi. • The A2-type disorder most probable to occur out of all three types. • The total spin magnetic moment strongly depends on the disorder concentrations.

  4. Analyzing Losses: Transuranics into Waste and Fission Products into Recycled Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven J. Piet; Nick R. Soelberg; Samuel E. Bays; Robert E. Cherry; Layne F. Pincock; Eric L. Shaber; Melissa C. Teague; Gregory M. Teske; Kurt G. Vedros; Candido Pereira; Denia Djokic

    2010-11-01

    All mass streams from separations and fuel fabrication are products that must meet criteria. Those headed for disposal must meet waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for the eventual disposal sites corresponding to their waste classification. Those headed for reuse must meet fuel or target impurity limits. A “loss” is any material that ends up where it is undesired. The various types of losses are linked in the sense that as the loss of transuranic (TRU) material into waste is reduced, often the loss or carryover of waste into TRU or uranium is increased. We have analyzed four separation options and two fuel fabrication options in a generic fuel cycle. The separation options are aqueous uranium extraction plus (UREX+1), electrochemical, Atomics International reduction oxidation separation (AIROX), and melt refining. UREX+1 and electrochemical are traditional, full separation techniques. AIROX and melt refining are taken as examples of limited separations, also known as minimum fuel treatment. The fuels are oxide and metal. To define a generic fuel cycle, a fuel recycling loop is fed from used light water reactor (LWR) uranium oxide fuel (UOX) at 51 MWth-day/kg-iHM burnup. The recycling loop uses a fast reactor with TRU conversion ratio (CR) of 0.50. Excess recovered uranium is put into storage. Only waste, not used fuel, is disposed – unless the impurities accumulate to a level so that it is impossible to make new fuel for the fast reactor. Impurities accumulate as dictated by separation removal and fission product generation. Our model approximates adjustment to fast reactor fuel stream blending of TRU and U products from incoming LWR UOX and recycling FR fuel to compensate for impurity accumulation by adjusting TRU:U ratios. Our mass flow model ignores postulated fuel impurity limits; we compare the calculated impurity values with those limits to identify elements of concern. AIROX and melt refining cannot be used to separate used LWR UOX-51 because they cannot separate U from TRU, it is then impossible to make X% TRU for fast reactors with UOX-51 used fuel with 1.3% TRU. AIROX and melt refining can serve in the recycle loop for about 3 recycles, at which point the accumulated impurities displace fertile uranium and the fuel can no longer be as critical as the original fast reactor fuel recipe. UREX+1 and electrochemical can serve in either capacity; key impurities appear to be lanthanides and several transition metals.

  5. SLUDGE BATCH 7 PREPARATION TANK 4 AND 12 CHARACTERIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannochie, C.; Click, D.; Pareizs, J.

    2010-05-21

    Samples of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 and HM sludge from Tank 12 were characterized in preparation for Sludge Batch 7 (SB7) formulation in Tank 51. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 and Tank 12 were requested in separate Technical Assistance Requests (TAR). The Tank 4 samples were pulled on January 19, 2010 following slurry operations by F-Tank Farm. The Tank 12 samples were pulled on February 9, 2010 following slurry operations by H-Tank Farm. At the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), two 200 mL dip samples of Tank 4 and two 200 mL dip samples of Tank 12 were received in the SRNL Shielded Cells. Each tank's samples were composited into clean 500 mL polyethylene storage bottles and weighed. The composited Tank 4 sample was 428.27 g and the composited Tank 12 sample was 502.15 g. As expected there are distinct compositional differences between Tank 4 and Tank 12 sludges. The Tank 12 slurry is much higher in Al, Hg, Mn, and Th, and much lower in Fe, Ni, S, and U than the Tank 4 slurry. The Tank 4 sludge definitely makes the more significant contribution of S to any sludge batch blend. This S, like that observed during SB6 washing, is best monitored by looking at the total S measured by digesting the sample and analyzing by inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy (ICPAES). Alternatively, one can measure the soluble S by ICP-AES and adjust the value upward by approximately 15% to have a pretty good estimate of the total S in the slurry. Soluble sulfate measurements by ion chromatography (IC) will be biased considerably lower than the actual total S, the difference being due to the non-sulfate soluble S and the undissolved S. Tank 12 sludge is enriched in U-235, and hence samples transferred into SRNL from the Tank Farm will need to be placed on the reportable special nuclear material inventory and tracked for total U per SRNL procedure requirements.

  6. Fusion-Fission Hybrid for Fissile Fuel Production without Processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fratoni, M; Moir, R W; Kramer, K J; Latkowski, J F; Meier, W R; Powers, J J

    2012-01-02

    Two scenarios are typically envisioned for thorium fuel cycles: 'open' cycles based on irradiation of {sup 232}Th and fission of {sup 233}U in situ without reprocessing or 'closed' cycles based on irradiation of {sup 232}Th followed by reprocessing, and recycling of {sup 233}U either in situ or in critical fission reactors. This study evaluates a third option based on the possibility of breeding fissile material in a fusion-fission hybrid reactor and burning the same fuel in a critical reactor without any reprocessing or reconditioning. This fuel cycle requires the hybrid and the critical reactor to use the same fuel form. TRISO particles embedded in carbon pebbles were selected as the preferred form of fuel and an inertial laser fusion system featuring a subcritical blanket was combined with critical pebble bed reactors, either gas-cooled or liquid-salt-cooled. The hybrid reactor was modeled based on the earlier, hybrid version of the LLNL Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE1) system, whereas the critical reactors were modeled according to the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) and the Pebble Bed Advanced High Temperature Reactor (PB-AHTR) design. An extensive neutronic analysis was carried out for both the hybrid and the fission reactors in order to track the fuel composition at each stage of the fuel cycle and ultimately determine the plant support ratio, which has been defined as the ratio between the thermal power generated in fission reactors and the fusion power required to breed the fissile fuel burnt in these fission reactors. It was found that the maximum attainable plant support ratio for a thorium fuel cycle that employs neither enrichment nor reprocessing is about 2. This requires tuning the neutron energy towards high energy for breeding and towards thermal energy for burning. A high fuel loading in the pebbles allows a faster spectrum in the hybrid blanket; mixing dummy carbon pebbles with fuel pebbles enables a softer spectrum in the critical reactors. This combination consumes about 20% of the thorium initially loaded in the hybrid reactor ({approx}200 GWd/tHM), partially during hybrid operation, but mostly during operation in the critical reactor. The plant support ratio is low compared to the one attainable using continuous fuel chemical reprocessing, which can yield a plant support ratio of about 20, but the resulting fuel cycle offers better proliferation resistance as fissile material is never separated from the other fuel components.

  7. Nonproliferation, arms control and disarmament and extended deterrence in the new security environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilat, Joseph F

    2009-01-01

    With the end of the Cold War, in a dramatically changed security environment, the advances in nonnuclear strategic capabilities along with reduced numbers and roles for nuclear forces has altered the calculus of deterrence and defense, at least for the United States. For many, this opened up a realistic possibility of a nuclear-free world. It soon became clear that the initial post-Cold War hopes were exaggerated. The world did change fundamentally, but it did not become more secure and stable. In place of the old Soviet threat, there has been growing concern about proliferation and terrorism involving nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD), regional conflicts, global instability and increasingly serious new and emerging threats, including cyber attacks and attacks on satellites. For the United States at least, in this emerging environment, the political rationales for nuclear weapons, from deterrence to reassurance to alliance management, are changing and less central than during the Cold War to the security of the United States, its friends and allies. Nuclear weapons remain important for the US, but for a far more limited set of roles and missions. As the Perry-Schlesinger Commission report reveals, there is a domestic US consensus on nuclear policy and posture at the highest level and for the near term, including the continued role of nuclear arms in deterring WMD use and in reassuring allies. Although the value of nuclear weapons has declined for the United States, the value of these weapons for Russia, China and so-called 'rogue' states is seen to be rising. The nuclear logic of NATO during Cold War - the need for nuclear weapons to counter vastly superior conventional capabilities of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact - is today heard from Russians and even some proliferants. Moreover, these weapons present a way for rogues to achieve regional hegemony and possibly to deter interventions by the United States or others. While the vision of a nuclear-free world is powerful, both existing nuclear powers and proliferators are unlikely to forego nuclear weapons entirely in a world that is dangerous and uncertain. And the emerging world would not necessarily be more secure and stable without nuclear weapons. Even if nuclear weapons were given up by the United States and other nuclear-weapon states, there would continue to be concerns about the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, which would not disappear and could worsen. WMD terrorism would remain a concern that was largely unaffected by US and other nuclear-weapon decisions. Conventional capabilities would not disappear and the prospects for warfare could rise. In addition, new problems could arise if rogue states or other non-status-quo powers attempted to take advantage of moves toward disarmament, while friends and allies who are not reassured as in the past could reconsider their options if deterrence declined. To address these challenges, non- and counter-proliferation and counterterrorismincluding defenses and consequence management-are priorities, especially in light of an anticipated 'renaissance' in civil nuclear power. The current agenda of the United States and others includes efforts to: (1) Strengthen International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its safeguards system; (2) Strengthen export controls, especially for sensitive technologies, by limiting the development of reprocessing and enrichment technologies and by requiring the Additional Protocol as a condition of supply; (3) Establish a reliable supply regime, including the possibility of multilateral or multinational ownership of fuel cycle facilities, as a means to promote nuclear energy without increasing the risks of proliferation or terrorism; (4) Implement effectively UN Security Council Resolution 1540; and (5) Strengthen and institutionalize the Proliferation Security Initiative and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. These and other activities are important in themselves, and are essential to maintaining and strengthening the Nonproliferati

  8. STEm Minority Graduate Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaen E. Nicholas

    2012-09-20

    ABSTRACT The state of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in the United States has seen some unfavorable assessments over the past decade. In early February, 2010 the House of Representatives heard testimony on undergraduate and graduate education. The message from the panel, which included experts from academia, STEM-based industries, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) was dire and required an urgent response. The experts along with the committee���¢��������s chairperson, U. S. Representative Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) cited that the complexity of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics applications and coursework and the methodology utilized to teach these subjects are forcing students out of these disciplines. As the National Academies described in its 2007 report Rising Above the Gathering Storm, successful STEM education is not just an academic pursuit���¢��������it���¢��������s a necessity for competing in the knowledge-based economy that the United States had a key role in creating. The potential for action is being made available again as the America COMPETES Act of 2007 is up for reauthorization. Its initial focus was on STEM education at the K-12 levels, but efforts at the undergraduate and graduate levels are needed to retain students to fill the jobs left vacant as baby boomers retire. The Educational Advancement Alliance, Inc. (EAA) has for two decades created programs that have not only addressed the issues of ensuring that students are aptly prepared for college but have focused its efforts over the past decade on increasing the number of students who pursue degrees in STEM disciplines. For the EAA, the introduction of the wonders of science begins at the elementary and middle school level via the Learning Lab, a state-of-the-art mobile science laboratory that visits students in grades 4-6 at the various schools throughout Philadelphia and The Math/Tech Academy which meets on Saturdays for students in grades 5-7. For the past two years the EAA has assisted college graduates in their quest to attain advanced degrees in STEM by providing fellowships. The EAA continued this effort by recruiting and providing fellowships to students who aspired to continue their education at the graduate level. The fellowships provided funding for tuition, fees, books, technology, and stipends to assist with room, board, and living expenses during the academic year and salary, transportation, and living expenses to those students who secured internships with the Department of Energy. Additionally the EAA designed and implemented needed support systems to ensure successful completion of the Masters degree programs, including but not limited to membership in professional associations, attendance at industry and academic conferences, and professional development workshops, and tutorial assistance if needed. This program assisted over 80 students directly and society-at-large by helping to educate and develop future physicists, engineers, biostatisticians, and researchers who will have the necessary skillsets to fill the increasing numbers of positions that require such expertise.

  9. Inclusion of cool roofs in nonresidential Title 24 prescriptiverequirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steve; Bretz, Sarah

    2003-07-01

    Roofs that have high solar reflectance (high ability toreflect sunlight) and high thermal emittance (high ability to radiateheat) tend to stay cool in the sun. The same is true of low-emittanceroofs with exceptionally high solar reflectance. Substituting a cool rooffor a non-cool roof tends to decrease cooling electricity use, coolingpower demand, and cooling-equipment capacity requirements, while slightlyincreasing heating energy consumption. Cool roofs can also lower citywideambient air temperature in summer, slowing ozone formation and increasinghuman comfort.DOE-2.1E building energy simulations indicate that use of acool roofing material on a prototypical California nonresidential (NR)building with a low-sloped roof yields average annual cooling energysavings of approximately 3.2 kW h/m2 (300 kW h/1000 ft2), average annualnatural gas deficits of 5.6 MJ/m2 (4.9 therm/1000 ft2), average annualsource energy savings of 30 MJ/m2 (2.6 MBTU/1000 ft2), and average peakpower demand savings of 2.1 W/m2 (0.19 kW/1000 ft2). The 15-year netpresent value (NPV) of energy savings averages $4.90/m2 ($450/1000 ft2)with time-dependent valuation (TDV), and $4.00/m2 ($370/1000 ft2) withoutTDV. When cost savings from downsizing cooling equipment are included,the average total savings (15-year NPV+equipment savings) rises to$5.90/m2 ($550/1000 ft2) with TDV, and to $5.00/m2 ($470/1000 ft2)without TDV.Total savings range from 1.90 to 8.30 $/m2 (0.18 0.77 $/ft2)with TDV, and from 1.70 to 7.10 $/m2 (0.16 0.66 $/ft2) without TDV,across California's 16 climate zones. The typical cost premium for a coolroof is 0.00 2.20 $/m2 (0.00 0.20 $/ft2). Cool roofs with premiums up to$2.20/m2 ($0.20/ft2) are expected to be cost effective in climate zones 216; those with premiums not exceeding $1.90/m2 ($0.18/ft2) are expectedto be also cost effective in climate zone 1. Hence, this study recommendsthat the year-2005 California building energy efficiency code (Title 24,Part 6 of the California Code of Regulations) for NR buildings withlow-sloped roofs include a cool-roof prescriptive requirement in allCalifornia climate zones. Buildings with roofs that do not meetprescriptive requirements may comply with the code via an"overall-envelope" approach (non-metal roofs only), or via a performanceapproach (all roof types).

  10. GLYCOLIC-FORMIC ACID FLOWSHEET SLUDGE MATRIX STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Koopman, D.

    2011-06-30

    Testing was completed to demonstrate the viability of the newly developed glycolic acid/formic acid flowsheet on processing in the Defense Waste Processing Facility's (DWPF) Chemical Process Cell (CPC). The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) initiated a sludge matrix study to evaluate the impact of changing insoluble solid composition on the processing characteristics of slurries in DWPF. Four sludge simulants were prepared to cover two compositional ranges in the waste. The first was high iron/low aluminum versus low iron/high aluminum (referred to as HiFe or LoFe in this report). The second was high calcium-manganese/low nickel, chromium, and magnesium versus low calcium-manganese/high nickel, chromium, and magnesium (referred to as HiMn or LoMn in this report). These two options can be combined to form four distinct sludge compositions. The sludge matrix study called for testing each of these four simulants near the minimum acid required for nitrite destruction (100% acid stoichiometry) and at a second acid level that produced significant hydrogen by noble metal catalyzed decomposition of formic acid (150% acid stoichiometry). Four simulants were prepared based on the four possible combinations of the Al/Fe and Mn-Ca/Mg-Ni-Cr options. Preliminary simulant preparation work has already been documented. The four simulants were used for high and low acid testing. Eight planned experiments (GF26 to GF33) were completed to demonstrate the viability of the glycolic-formic flowsheet. Composition and physical property measurements were made on the SRAT product. Composition measurements were made on the condensate from the Mercury Water Wash Tank (MWWT), Formic Acid Vent Condenser (FAVC), ammonia scrubber and on SRAT samples pulled throughout the SRAT cycle. Updated values for formate loss and nitrite-tonitrate conversion were found that can be used in the acid calculations for future sludge matrix process simulations with the glycolic acid/formic acid flowsheet. Preliminary results of the initial testing indicate: (1) Hydrogen generation rate was very low throughout all SRAT cycles. (2) The mercury concentration of the SRAT product was below the 0.8 wt% limit in all runs. (3) Nitrite in the SRAT product was <100 mg/kg for all runs. (4) Foaminess was not an issue using the nominal antifoam addition strategy in these tests. (5) The high aluminum sludges (LoFe, HM type sludges) were much more viscous than the Hi Fe sludges. At 100% acid stoichiometry, the SRAT products from the high aluminum sludges were very viscous but at 150% acid stoichiometry, the SRAT products from the high aluminum sludges were very thin. This makes the glycolic acid/formic acid flowsheet an improvement for processing more viscous sludges. (6) The pH of the SRAT products was from 2.7-3.1 for the 150% acid stoichiometry runs and 5.1-6.1 for the 100% acid stoichiometry runs, significantly lower than is typical of the baseline nitric acid/formic acid flowsheet.

  11. Impact of Nuclear Energy Futures on Advanced Fuel Cycle Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brent W. Dixon; Steven J. Piet

    2004-10-01

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to inform Congress before 2010 on the need for a second geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel. By that time, the spent fuel discharged from current commercial reactors will exceed the statutory limit of the first repository (63,000 MTiHM commercial, 7,000 MT non-commercial). There are several approaches to eliminate the need for another repository in this century. This paper presents a high-level analysis of these spent fuel management options in the context of a full range of possible nuclear energy futures. The analysis indicates the best option to implement varies depending on the nuclear energy future selected. The first step in understanding the need for different spent fuel management approaches is to understand the size of potential spent fuel inventories. A full range of potential futures for domestic commercial nuclear energy is considered. These energy futures are as follows: 1. Existing License Completion - Based on existing spent fuel inventories plus extrapolation of future plant-by-plant discharges until the end of each operating license, including known license extensions. 2. Extended License Completion - Based on existing spent fuel inventories plus a plant-by-plant extrapolation of future discharges assuming on all operating plants having one 20-year extension. 3. Continuing Level Energy Generation - Based on extension of the current ~100 GWe installed commercial base and average spent fuel discharge of 2100 MT/yr through the year 2100. 4. Continuing Market Share Generation – Based on a 1.8% compounded growth of the electricity market through the year 2100, matched by growing nuclear capacity and associated spent fuel discharge. 5. Growing Market Share Generation - Extension of current nuclear capacity and associated spent fuel discharge through 2100 with 3.2% growth representing 1.5% market growth (all energy, not just electricity) and 1.7% share growth. Share growth results in tripling market share by 2100 from the current 8.4% to 25%, equivalent to continuing the average market growth of last 50 years for an additional 100 years. Five primary spent fuel management strategies are assessed against each of the energy futures to determine the number of geological repositories needed and how the first repository would be used. The geological repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, has the physical potential to accommodate all the spent fuel that will be generated by the current fleet of domestic commercial nuclear reactors, even with license extensions. If new nuclear plants are built in the future as replacements or additions, the United States will need to adopt spent fuel treatment to extend the life of the repository. Should a significant number of new nuclear plants be built, advanced fuel recycling will be needed to fully manage the spent fuel within a single repository. The analysis also considers the timeframe for most efficient implementation of new spent fuel management strategies. The mix of unprocessed spent fuel and processed high level waste in Yucca Mountain varies with each future and strategy. Either recycling must start before there is too much unprocessed waste emplaced or unprocessed waste will have to be retrieved later with corresponding costs. For each case, the latest date to implement reprocessing without subsequent retrieval is determined.

  12. GLYCOLIC-FORMIC ACID FLOWSHEET FINAL REPORT FOR DOWNSELECTION DECISION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pickenheim, B.; Stone, M.; Newell, J.; Best, D.

    2011-03-10

    Flowsheet testing was performed to develop the nitric-glycolic-formic acid flowsheet (referred to as the glycolic-formic flowsheet throughout the rest of the report) as an alternative to the nitric/formic flowsheet currently being processed at the DWPF. This new flowsheet has shown that mercury can be removed in the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) with minimal hydrogen generation. All processing objectives were also met, including greatly reducing the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) product yield stress as compared to the baseline nitric/formic flowsheet. Forty-six runs were performed in total, including the baseline run and the melter feed preparation runs. Significant results are summarized. The baseline nitric/formic flowsheet run, using the SB6 simulant produced by Harrell was extremely difficult to process successfully under existing DWPF acceptance criteria with this simulant at the HM levels of noble metals. While nitrite was destroyed and mercury was removed to near the DWPF limit, the rheology of the SRAT and SME products were well above design basis and hydrogen generation far exceeded the DWPF SRAT limit. In addition, mixing during the SME cycle was very poor. In this sense, the nitric/glycolic/formic acid flowsheet represents a significant upgrade over the current flowsheet. Mercury was successfully removed with almost no hydrogen generation and the SRAT and SME products yield stresses were within process limits or previously processed ranges. The glycolic-formic flowsheet has a very wide processing window. Testing was completed from 100% to 200% of acid stoichiometry and using a glycolic-formic mixture from 40% to 100% glycolic acid. The testing met all processing requirements throughout these processing windows. This should allow processing at an acid stoichiometry of 100% and a glycolic-formic mixture of 80% glycolic acid with minimal hydrogen generation. It should also allow processing endpoints in the SRAT and SME at significantly higher total solids content and may be effective at acid stoichiometries below 100%, although no testing was performed below 100% acid stoichiometry. There are several issues related to the development of the glycolic-formic flowsheet. First, the measurement of anions using the new glycolate anion procedure likely needs to be optimized to improve the accuracy of the anions important to DWPF processing and REDOX prediction. Second, the existing REDOX equation with an added term for glycolate did not accurately predict the glass REDOX for the glycolic-formic flowsheet. Improvement of the anion measurement or modification of the REDOX methodology or equation may be necessary to improve the REDOX prediction. Last, the glycolic-formic flowsheet dissolves a number of metals, including iron. This leads to a thinner slurries but also dissolves up a portion of the iron, which is currently used for criticality control. It is recommended that DWPF continue to support development of the glycolic-formic flowsheet. This flowsheet meets or outperforms the baseline flowsheet in off-gas generation, mercury removal, product rheology and general ease of processing. Additional testing is in progress to demonstrate the effectiveness of the nitric-glycolic-formic flowsheet in processing a wide sludge processing window using the matrix sludge simulants.

  13. Study of safeguards system on dry reprocessing for fast breeder reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, T. K. (Tien K.); Burr, Tom; Menlove, Howard O.; Thomas, K. E. (Kenneth E.); Fukushima, M.; Hori, M.

    2002-01-01

    A 'Feasibility Study on the Commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) Cycle System' is underway at Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC). Concepts to commercialize the FBR fuel cycle are being created together with their necessary research and development (R&D) tasks. 'Dry,' non-aqueous, processes are candidates for FBR fuel reprocessing. Dry reprocessing technology takes advantage of proliferation barriers, due to the lower decontamination factors achievable by the simple pyrochemical processes proposed. The concentration o f highly radioactive impurities and non-fissile materials in products from a dry reprocess is generally significantly larger than the normal aqueous (Purex) process. However, the safeguards of dry reprocesses have not been widely analyzed. In 2000, JNC and Los Alamos National Laboratoiy (LANL) initiated a joint research program to study the safeguards aspects of dry reprocessing. In this study, the safeguardability of the three options: metal electrorefining, oxide electrowinning, and fluoride volatility processes, are assessed. FBR spent fuels are decladded and powdered into mixed oxides (MOX) at the Head-End process either by oxidation-reduction reactions (metal electrorefining and fluoride volatility) or mechanically (oxide electrowinning). At the oxide electrowinning process, the spent MOX he1 powder is transferred to chloride in molten salt and nuclear materials are extracted onto cathode as oxides. For metal electrorefining process, on the other hand, the MOX fuel is converted to chloride in molten salt, and nuclear materials are extracted onto cathode as a metal fomi. At lhe fluoride volatility process, the MOX fuel powder is converted to U&/PuF6 (gaseous form) in a fluidized bed; plutonium and uranium fluorides are separated by volatilization properties and then are converted to oxides. Since the conceptual design of a dry reprocessing plant is incomplete, the operational mode, vessel capacities, residence times, and campaigns are not fully defined. Preliminary estimates of the longest acccptable campaign length while still meets loss detection goals were made using typical measurement errors and annual throughputs of plutonium within the facility. For all reprocessing facilities, both in-process inventory and the input/output materials measurements must be determined for closing the materials balance. Usually, operations are to be shut down periodically and plants are to be completely cleaned out to recover all materials in measurable forms during inventories. If there is no cleanout between campaigns, fluctuations of in-process inventory have to be monitored. We conclude that the three dry reprocessing methods will have adequate safeguardability, if limited to small-scale campaigns or to low annual throughputs. For a large scale, e.g,. 50 t(HM)/y FBR fuel reprocessing plant, there remain challenges to be addressed through process development in JNC and safeguards R&D study with LANL.

  14. Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalk, D; Paik, S

    2009-12-15

    The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

  15. Preliminary core design studies for the advanced burner reactor over a wide range of conversion ratios.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, E. A.; Yang, W. S.; Hill, R. N.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2008-05-05

    A consistent set of designs for 1000 MWt commercial-scale sodium-cooled Advance Burner Reactors (ABR) have been developed for both metal and oxide-fueled cores with conversion ratios from breakeven (CR=1.0) to fertile-free (CR=0.0). These designs are expected to satisfy thermal and irradiation damage limits based on the currently available data. The very low conversion ratio designs require fuel that is beyond the current fuel database, which is anticipated to be qualified by and for the Advanced Burned Test Reactor. Safety and kinetic parameters were calculated, but a safety analysis was not performed. Development of these designs was required to achieve the primary goal of this study, which was to generate representative fuel cycle mass flows for system studies of ABRs as part of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). There are slight variations with conversion ratio but the basic ABR configuration consists of 144 fuel assemblies and between 9 and 22 primary control assemblies for both the metal and oxide-fueled cores. Preliminary design studies indicated that it is feasible to design the ABR to accommodate a wide range of conversion ratio by employing different assembly designs and including sufficient control assemblies to accommodate the large reactivity swing at low conversion ratios. The assemblies are designed to fit within the same geometry, but the size and number of fuel pins within each assembly are significantly different in order to achieve the target conversion ratio while still satisfying thermal limits. Current irradiation experience would allow for a conversion ratio of somewhat below 0.75. The fuel qualification for the first ABR should expand this experience to allow for much lower conversion ratios and higher bunrups. The current designs were based on assumptions about the performance of high and very high enrichment fuel, which results in significant uncertainty about the details of the designs. However, the basic fuel cycle performance trends such as conversion ratio and mass flow parameters are less sensitive to these parameters and the current results should provide a good basis for static and dynamic system analysis. The conversion ratio is fundamentally a ratio of the macroscopic cross section of U-238 capture to that of TRU fission. Since the microscopic cross sections only change moderately with fuel design and isotopic concentration for the fast reactor, a specific conversion ratio requires a specific enrichment. The approximate average charge enrichment (TRU/HM) is 14%, 21%, 33%, 56%, and 100% for conversion ratios of 1.0, 0.75, 0.50, 0.25, and 0.0 for the metal-fueled cores. The approximate average charge enrichment is 17%, 25%, 38%, 60%, and 100% for conversion ratios of 1.0, 0.75, 0.50, 0.25, and 0.0 for the oxide-fueled core. For the split batch cores, the maximum enrichment will be somewhat higher. For both the metal and oxide-fueled cores, the reactivity feedback coefficients and kinetics parameters seem reasonable. The maximum single control assembly reactivity faults may be too large for the low conversion ratio designs. The average reactivity of the primary control assemblies was increased, which may cause the maximum reactivity of the central control assembly to be excessive. The values of the reactivity coefficients and kinetics parameters show that some values appear to improve significantly at lower conversion ratios while others appear far less favorable. Detailed safety analysis is required to determine if these designs have adequate safety margins or if appropriate design modifications are required. Detailed system analysis data has been generated for both metal and oxide-fueled core designs over the entire range of potential burner reactors. Additional data has been calculated for a few alternative fuel cycles. The systems data has been summarized in this report and the detailed data will be provided to the systems analysis team so that static and dynamic system analyses can be performed.

  16. TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannochie, C.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.; Zamecnik, J.

    2009-09-29

    A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank 12 HM sludge. The Tank 51-E1 sample was decanted by SRNL prior to use in the settling and washing study. The Tank 4 sample was analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals. The characterization of the Tank 51-E1 sample, used here in combination with the Tank 4 sample, was reported previously. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 were requested by Liquid Waste Engineering (LWE) via Technical Task Request (TTR) HLE-TTR-2009-103. The sample preparation work is governed by Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were controlled by an Analytical Study Plan and modifications received via customer communications. Additional scope included a request for a settling study of decanted Tank 51-E1 and a blend of decanted Tank 51-E1 and Tank 4, as well as a washing study to look into the fate of undissolved sulfur observed during the Tank 4 characterization. The chemistry of the Tank 4 sample was modeled with OLI Systems, Inc. StreamAnalyzer to determine the likelihood that sulfate could exist in this sample as insoluble Burkeite (2Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} {center_dot} Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}). The OLI model was also used to predict the composition of the blended tank materials for the washing study. The following conclusions were drawn from the Tank 4 analytical results reported here: (1) Any projected blend of Tank 4 and the current Tank 51 contents will produce a SB6 composition that is lower in Ca and U than the current SB5 composition being processed by DWPF. (2) Unwashed Tank 4 has a relatively large initial S concentration of 3.68 wt% on a total solids basis, and approximately 10% of the total S is present as an insoluble or undissolved form. (3) There is 19% more S than can be accounted for by IC sulfate measurement. This additional soluble S is detected by ICP-AES analysis of the supernate. (4) Total supernate and slurry sulfur by ICP-AES should be monitored during washing in addition to supernate sulfate in order to avoid under estimating the amount of sulfur species removed or remaining in the supernate. (5) OLI simulation calculations show that the presence of undissolved Burkeite in the Tank 4 sample is reasonable, assuming a small difference in the Na concentration that is well within the analytical uncertainties of the reported value. The following conclusions were drawn from the blend studies of Tank 4 and decanted Tank 51-E1: (1) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the degree and time for settling. (2) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the plastic viscosity and yield stress. (3) The SRNL washing test, where nearly all of the wash solution was decanted from the solids, indicates that approximately 96% or more of the total S was removed from the blend in these tests, and the removal of the sulfur tracks closely with that of Na. Insoluble (undissolved) S remaining in the washed sludge was calculated from an estimate of the final slurry liquid fraction, the S result in the slurry digestion, and the S in the final decant (which was very close to the method detection limit). Based on this calculated result, about 4% of the initial total S remained after these washes; this amount is equivalent to about 18% of the initially undissolved S.