National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for liaoning province china

  1. The incidence of popular complaints of farmers on land compensation : a case study of two villages in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Li, S.M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

    2006-01-01

    The thesis analyzed the reason for the incidence of lodging popular complaints triggered by a land requisition in two villages in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. The thesis only took the popular protests on land compensation ...

  2. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: EnergyLebanonTexas: EnergyIdaho:Oldenburg)Liaoning, China: Energy

  3. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    energy use is concentrated in China's north and east,and Energy Source, 1990 Planning Region North Northeast EastEnergy f (Mtce) Planning Region Province North Beijing Tianjin Hebei Shared Inner Mongolia Northeast Liaoning jilin Heilongjiang East

  4. THE OUTLOOK China's True Growth Is a Mystery;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    woman working at a textile factory in Hebei province this month. PHOTO: ZHU XUDONG/XINHUA/ZUMA PRESS. #12;ENLARGE Premier Li Keqiang at a symposium on China's economic situation earlier this month. PHOTO as Communist Party chief of northeastern Liaoning province criticized China's GDP numbers as "man

  5. Performance of two rapid diagnostic tests for malaria diagnosis at the China-Myanmar border area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    University, Kunming, Yunnan, China. 3 Dalian Instituteof Biotechnology, Dalian, Liaoning, China. 4 Third MilitaryShenyang, Liaoning, China Dalian Institute of Biotechnology,

  6. Generalized Fibonacci polynomials and Fibonomial coefficients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moll, Victor H.

    Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian City, Liaoning Province, 116024, P. R. China, xichen

  7. Rural-urban Migration in China: Evidence from Anhui Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chen

    2015-01-01

    migrants in China. In Migration and Social Protection inStretton. 1984. Circular migration in South East Asia : someExploring contemporary migration. Routledge. Buckley, C.

  8. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc Jump to: navigation,

  9. Comparison of Triton SODAR Data to Meteorological Tower Wind Measurement Data in Hebei Province, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuechun, Y.; Jixue, W.; Hongfang, W.; Guimin, L.; Bolin, Y.; Scott, G.; Elliott, D.; Kline, D.

    2012-01-01

    With the increased interest in remote sensing of wind information in recent years, it is important to determine the reliability and accuracy of new wind measurement technologies if they are to replace or supplement conventional tower-based measurements. In view of this, HydroChina Corporation and the United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a comparative test near a wind farm in Hebei Province, China. We present the results of an analysis characterizing the measurement performance of a state-of-the-art Sound Detection and Ranging (sodar) device when compared to a traditional tower measurement program. NREL performed the initial analysis of a three-month period and sent the results to HydroChina. When another month of data became available, HydroChina and their consultant Beijing Millenium Engineering Software (MLN) repeated NREL's analysis on the complete data set, also adding sensitivity analysis for temperature, humidity, and wind speed (Section 6). This report presents the results of HydroChina's final analysis of the four-month period.

  10. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohshita, Stephanie; Price, Lynn

    2011-03-21

    Experience with China's 20% energy intensity improvement target during the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) (2006-2010) has shown the challenges of rapidly setting targets and implementing measures to meet them. For the 12th FYP (2011-2015), there is an urgent need for a more scientific methodology to allocate targets among the provinces and to track physical and economic indicators of energy and carbon saving progress. This report provides a sectoral methodology for allocating a national energy intensity target - expressed as percent change in energy per unit gross domestic product (GDP) - among China's provinces in the 12th FYP. Drawing on international experience - especially the European Union (EU) Triptych approach for allocating Kyoto carbon targets among EU member states - the methodology here makes important modifications to the EU approach to address an energy intensity rather than a CO{sub 2} emissions target, and for the wider variation in provincial energy and economic structure in China. The methodology combines top-down national target projections and bottom-up provincial and sectoral projections of energy and GDP to determine target allocation of energy intensity targets. Total primary energy consumption is separated into three end-use sectors - industrial, residential, and other energy. Sectoral indicators are used to differentiate the potential for energy saving among the provinces. This sectoral methodology is utilized to allocate provincial-level targets for a national target of 20% energy intensity improvement during the 12th FYP; the official target is determined by the National Development and Reform Commission. Energy and GDP projections used in the allocations were compared with other models, and several allocation scenarios were run to test sensitivity. The resulting allocations for the 12th FYP offer insight on past performance and offer somewhat different distributions of provincial targets compared to the 11th FYP. Recommendations for reporting and monitoring progress on the targets, and methodology improvements, are included.

  11. Liaoning Province Energy Conservation Technology Development Co Ltd | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom:Information KaitianEnergy

  12. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    2008), and China’s electricity transmission and distributionenergy (electricity includes transmission and generationenergy (electricity includes transmission and generation

  13. Fuxin Union Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Liaoning Zhangwu...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Union Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Liaoning Zhangwu Xiehe Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fuxin Union Wind Power Co Ltd (formerly known as Liaoning...

  14. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    by the Institute for Industrial Productivity through theL ABORATORY China’s Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions inproceedings, ECEEE Industrial Summer Study, Arnhem, the

  15. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    and industries. Provincial energy data are drawn from thethe provinces provide energy data at the manufacturing sub-2 emissions. As no energy data are available from Jiangsu,

  16. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    http://www.wbcsd.ch/web/projects/cement/pop-report.pdfShui Ni 1 and Shui Ni 2 cement plants in Shangdong ProvinceReferences Ash Grove Cement, n.d. , “Cement Manufacturing

  17. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2010. ” AugustChina’s Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in ManufacturingChina’s Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing

  18. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    the head of Xinjiang’s mining office to Shaanxi province tofor the Dushanzi Mining Affairs Office, the head of theset up the Tarim Mining Affairs Office branch office of the

  19. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    resources for national energy consumption data in China aredoes have energy consumption data for each subsector;production data. Energy consumption data are only reported

  20. Liaoning Energy Investment Group Co Ltd Liaoneng | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom: EnergyLeyboldInformationLiaoning

  1. A case study of agricultural residue availability and cost for a cellulosic ethanol conversion facility in the Henan province of China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, Erin [ORNL; Wu, Yun [ORNL

    2012-05-01

    A preliminary analysis of the availability and cost of corn stover and wheat straw for the area surrounding a demonstration biorefinery in the Henan Province of China was performed as a case study of potential cooperative analyses of bioenergy feedstocks between researchers and industry in the US and China. Though limited in scope, the purpose of this analysis is to provide insight into some of the issues and challenges of estimating feedstock availability in China and how this relates to analyses of feedstocks in the U.S. Completing this analysis also highlighted the importance of improving communication between U.S. researchers and Chinese collaborators. Understanding the units and terms used in the data provided by Tianguan proved to be a significant challenge. This was further complicated by language barriers between collaborators in the U.S. and China. The Tianguan demonstration biorefinery has a current capacity of 3k tons (1 million gallons) of cellulosic ethanol per year with plans to scale up to 10k tons (3.34 million gallons) per year. Using data provided by Tianguan staff in summer of 2011, the costs and availability of corn stover and wheat straw were estimated. Currently, there are sufficient volumes of wheat straw and corn stover that are considered 'waste' and would likely be available for bioenergy in the 20-km (12-mile) region surrounding the demonstration biorefinery at a low cost. However, as the industry grows, competition for feedstock will grow and prices are likely to rise as producers demand additional compensation to fully recover costs.

  2. [Article] www.whxb.pku.edu.cn (Wuli Huaxue Xuebao)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weixue

    LI WeiXue1, FENG ZhaoChi1 LI Can1, (1 State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, P. R. China; 2 Graduate University

  3. Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2014-01-01

    and China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), arewestern provinces and offshore. 10 For all of these effortsR&D Base,” China National Offshore Oil Corporation website,

  4. Consumption-Based Adjustment of China's Emissions-Intensity Targets: An Analysis of its Potential Economic Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springmann, M.

    China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015) aims to achieve a national carbon intensity reduction of 17% through differentiated targets at the provincial level. Allocating the national target among China’s provinces is ...

  5. Advanced clean combustion technology in Shanxi province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, K.-C.

    2004-07-01

    Biomass energy resources in China are first described, along with biomass gasification R & D now underway. In Shanxi province biomass and other regenerative energy is relatively little used but coal resources are large. Hence Shanxi is mainly developing clean coal technology to meet its economic and environmental protection requirements. Clean combustion research at Taiyuan University of Technology includes cofiring of coal and RDF in FBC, gas purification and adsorption, fundamentals of plasma-aided coal pyrolysis and gasification and coal derived liquid fuels from synthesis gas. 5 refs.

  6. STRUCTURED QUADRATIC INVERSE EIGENVALUE PROBLEM, I. SERIALLY LINKED SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathematics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, China. (yubo@dlut.edu.cn) 1 #12

  7. A Survey of Parallel Algorithms for Fractal Image Compression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimack, Peter

    Science and Technology, Dalian Maritime University Dalian, Liaoning 116026, China Peter K Jimack School

  8. 2012 Chinese Journal of Catalysis Vol. 33 No. 10 : 0253-9837(2012)10-1706-06 DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1088.2012.20617 : 17061711

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weixue

    2012-01-01

    of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China

  9. An Alternating Direction and Projection Algorithm for Structure-enforced Matrix Factorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yin

    certain School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, P. R. China. School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, P. R

  10. China`s first true IPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, K.

    1997-06-01

    No guarantees - that`s what the Chinese government has been telling potential infrastructure investors lately. One recent power plant financing may show the way to financing without guarantees from the Chinese government, export credit agencies or multilateral lenders. {open_quotes}Financing without government guarantees is less of a financing strategy but rather the reality in China,{close_quotes} says Jack Su, assistant vice president and counsel for Sithe China Holdings Ltd. Sithe China is 39 percent owned by Sithe Energies of New York, 30.5 percent by AIG Asian Infrastructure Fund and 30.5 percent by the Government of Singapore Investment Corp. Sithe`s 2 X 50 MW coal-fired cogeneration plant in Tangshan Municipality, Hebei province, was the first independent power project to proceed in the country without government, multilateral lender or credit agency guarantees. The deal, which was signed in Beijing last October, could lead project financing in China to a level where project risks can be borne internally, without recourse to either sovereign guarantors or export credit agencies. Project backers believe that it is more than just a one-off, but rather a first for truly independent power production in China.

  11. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    of China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’sof China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’spromote renewable energy through governmental policies have

  12. 166 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 6, NO. 1, JANUARY 2015 Power System Stability Control for a Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Haibo

    for a Wind Farm Based on Adaptive Dynamic Programming Yufei Tang, Student Member, IEEE, Haibo He, Senior generator based wind farm to improve the system transient stability under fault conditions. The proposed is a practical size power system with wind farm in Liaoning Province in China. Detailed simulation analysis

  13. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Hydroelectricity ..long term demand. 5. Hydroelectricity China’s hydroelectricSummary of China’s Hydroelectricity Reserves”, Sate Power

  14. Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellekoop, Michel

    #12;i Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China Bachelor Thesis Civil, Yangling, China Keywords: Agricultural crops, water footprint, Shaanxi province, CROPWAT #12;ii #12;iii ABSTRACT The water footprint, introduced by professor A.Y. Hoekstra, is an indicator of freshwater use

  15. Patent subsidy and patent filing in China By Zhen Lei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    Patent subsidy and patent filing in China By Zhen Lei , Zhen Sun, and Brian Wright Department of patent subsidy policies on patent filings in Chi- na. China had rapid growth in patenting in recent years and became the number one in patent filings in 2011. We study five neighboring cities in Jiangsu province

  16. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  17. The Role of Hong Kong in Mainland China's Modernization in Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Mitchell

    We examine Hong Kong's role in the modernization of manufacturing industries in Mainland China and its province of Guangdong. Hong Kong's role has evolved from trading intermediary to low-cost mainland manufacturer to ...

  18. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China’s domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, China’s demand Oil

  19. J Supercomput (2013) 64:383408 DOI 10.1007/s11227-012-0781-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    2013-01-01

    Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, 2 Linggong Road, Dalian, Liaoning, 116023, China and Communication Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, 2 Linggong Road, Dalian, Liaoning, 116023, China e

  20. Effects of Natural Disasters on Conservation Policies: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earthquake, China Andre´s Vin~a, Xiaodong Chen, William J. McConnell, Wei Liu, Weihua Xu, Zhiyun Ouyang the impacts of a devastating earthquake on forest recovery and avoided forest loss estimated to have been% of the forests in Wenchuan County, Sichuan province, China were imme- diately affected by the 2008 earthquake

  1. New species, hyper-diversity and potential importance of Calonectria spp. from Eucalyptus in South China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species, hyper-diversity and potential importance of Calonectria spp. from Eucalyptus in South in the Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan Provinces of South China, where Eucalyptus trees in plantations or cuttings to Eucalyptus forestry in China. The remarkable diversity of Calonectria species in a relatively small area

  2. Electricity demand-side management for an energy efficient future in China : technology options and policy priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Chia-Chin

    2005-01-01

    The main objective of this research is to identify robust technology and policy options which achieve substantial reductions in electricity demand in China's Shandong Province. This research utilizes a scenario-based ...

  3. Rural-urban Migration in China: Evidence from Anhui Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chen

    2015-01-01

    labor, not only to maximize collective income but also toas a way to maximize family income by “encouraging some

  4. Petroleum systems of Jianghan Basin, Hubel Province, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cunningham, A.E.; Schaps, S.; McGregor, D.

    1996-12-31

    The Jianghan Basin is a Cretaceous-Tertiary nonmarine rift basin superimposed on a late Precambrian to Jurassic passive margin and foreland basin succession deformed by mid-Mesozoic folding and thrusting. Hence the basin has potential for superimposed petroleum systems. Oil production is established in a Tertiary petroleum system developed in two major depocenters, the Jiangling (west) and Qianjiang (east) Depressions. Lacustrine source beds in the early Eocene Xingouzhui and late Eocene Qianjiang Formations generated hydrocarbons during local maximum basin fill in the Oligocene to present. Very early, low temperature generation of petroleum occurs where Type 1S Qianjiang Formation kerogen is present. Tertiary fluvial and deltaic sandstones form reservoirs that trap oil in highs or rollover structures formed by normal faulting and salt movement. The pre-rift section contains large folds and good source-beds, but has high exploration risk. Factors limiting effectiveness of older petroleum systems are: (1) Uplift and erosion of thrust structures; (2) Overmaturation of pre-Permian source rocks prior to folding and thrusting; (3) Limited extent of secondary maturation of Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic source beds; and (4) Disruption of older traps and seals by widespread normal faulting. Production of hydrocarbons from Permian and Triassic rocks to the west of Hubei suggests that further seismic work and drilling are merited to evaluate pre-Tertiary potential in the Jianghan Basin.

  5. Petroleum systems of Jianghan Basin, Hubel Province, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cunningham, A.E. ); Schaps, S.; McGregor, D. )

    1996-01-01

    The Jianghan Basin is a Cretaceous-Tertiary nonmarine rift basin superimposed on a late Precambrian to Jurassic passive margin and foreland basin succession deformed by mid-Mesozoic folding and thrusting. Hence the basin has potential for superimposed petroleum systems. Oil production is established in a Tertiary petroleum system developed in two major depocenters, the Jiangling (west) and Qianjiang (east) Depressions. Lacustrine source beds in the early Eocene Xingouzhui and late Eocene Qianjiang Formations generated hydrocarbons during local maximum basin fill in the Oligocene to present. Very early, low temperature generation of petroleum occurs where Type 1S Qianjiang Formation kerogen is present. Tertiary fluvial and deltaic sandstones form reservoirs that trap oil in highs or rollover structures formed by normal faulting and salt movement. The pre-rift section contains large folds and good source-beds, but has high exploration risk. Factors limiting effectiveness of older petroleum systems are: (1) Uplift and erosion of thrust structures; (2) Overmaturation of pre-Permian source rocks prior to folding and thrusting; (3) Limited extent of secondary maturation of Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic source beds; and (4) Disruption of older traps and seals by widespread normal faulting. Production of hydrocarbons from Permian and Triassic rocks to the west of Hubei suggests that further seismic work and drilling are merited to evaluate pre-Tertiary potential in the Jianghan Basin.

  6. Hierarchical Material Architecture Design for Better Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaolei

    2013-01-01

    xix Your VITA B. S. , Chemical Engineering Dalian Universityof Technology Dalian, Liaoning, P. R. China M. S. , Chemical

  7. Farmland Reforestation in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Peter Alfred

    2010-01-01

    suitability evaluation in desertification-affected northwind erosion and desertification plague much of China’swind erosion and desertification plague much of China’s

  8. Evolution of Early Triassic outer platform paleoenvironments in the Nanpanjiang Basin (South China) and their significance for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Evolution of Early Triassic outer platform paleoenvironments in the Nanpanjiang Basin (South China UMR 5143 CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France e UMR 5563 CNRS of the Nanpanjiang Basin (Luolou Formation, Guangxi Province, South China). Extensive investigations on outcrops

  9. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    2-1). In addition to attaining oil resources, China’s energyWith limited domestic oil resources, China’s major oilgrowth, limited crude oil resources and the late development

  10. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    International Energy Agency (IEA), China’s Worldwide QuestSecurity, (Paris: OCED/IEA, 2000), 74. Thomas Woodrow, “TheInternational Energy Agency (IEA), China’s Worldwide Quest

  11. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    refer to IEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China andIEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India

  12. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Nuclear Expansion .Challenges to China’s Nuclear Expansion China’s nuclearto China’s rapid nuclear expansion will be nuclear waste

  13. Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway...

  14. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    unfettered access to oil resources including the possibleChina’s search for oil resources around the world. However,a survey of China’s oil resources, while others focus

  15. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    crude oil and natural gas, Russia has become China’s crucialprovinces 19 . Although a Russia-China gas pipeline projectnatural gas supply • Geopolitics such as Russia vs. Central

  16. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    IEEJ (2007), China and India’s Energy Status and EnergyIEA. IEEJ (2007), China and India’s Energy Status and Energy2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insight,

  17. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, “China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. ” Chinaaccessed April 21, “Venezuela and China sign oil deal. ” BBC

  18. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, China’s oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  19. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China and the Middle East: Energy First,” Middle EastChina and the Middle East: Energy First,” Middle EastChina and the Middle East: Energy First,” Middle East

  20. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    development in East China Sea • Energy Efficiency • EnergyAfrica Middl East Source: China Energy Databook, V.7.0. ,SouthCentral East 800 Mtce Source: China Energy Databook,

  1. Women's status and fertility transition in China in the 1980's: integrating quantitative and qualitative approaches 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Peihang

    1996-01-01

    This thesis analyzes how women's status, and change in status, affect fertility in the 1980s across the provinces of China. Women's status in this study refers to female autonomy. The four aspects of female autonomy are examined by measuring women...

  2. Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanshan Xu; Wenxin Liu; Shu Tao [Peking University, Beijing (China). Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Environmental Sciences

    2006-02-01

    Emission of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed as U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) priority pollutants from major sources in China were compiled. Geographical distribution and temporal change of the PAH emission, as well as emission profiles, are discussed. It was estimated that the total PAH emission in China was 25,300 tons in 2003. The emission profile featured a relatively higher portion of high molecular weight (HMW) species with carcinogenic potential due to large contributions of domestic coal and coking industry. Among various sources, biomass burning, domestic coal combustion, and the coking industry contributed 60%, 20%, and 16% of the total emission, respectively. Total emission, emission density, emission intensity, and emission per capita showed geographical variations. In general, the southeastern provinces were characterized by higher emission density, while those in western and northern China featured higher emission intensity and population-normalized emission. Although energy consumption in China went up continuously during the past two decades, annual emission of PAHs fluctuated depending on the amount of domestic coal consumption, coke production, and the efficiency of energy utilization. 47 refs., 6 figs.

  3. ESCO Industry in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

  4. China Energy Primer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2009-11-16

    Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

  5. The Minorities of China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Arienne M.

    2005-01-01

    Citation: Dwyer, Arienne. (As “Areienne [sic] Dwyer”). 2005. The Minorities of China. In Carl Skutsch, ed. The Encyclopedia of the World’s Minorities. NY: Routledge: 286–294. Preprint. 286 THE MINORITIES OF CHINA Arienne M. Dwyer 1.... Introduction Though minorities constitute only 8.4% of the current population of the People’s Republic of China, they played an important role in China’s emergence as a nation-state. As they also occupy 60% of China’s landmass in strategic peripheral...

  6. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Advertising Co. China Automotive Industry Corporation andQiche Gongye Nianjian (China Automotive Industry Yearbook).Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook. Editorial

  7. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    strategic oil reserve bases in Dalian, Qiangdao, Ninbo, andZhenhai Huangdao Daishan Dalian Province Ninbo, Zhejiangcoastal regions such as Dalian, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian,

  8. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01

    2013-9 January 2013 China’s Nuclear Industry After FukushimaMarch 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident has had a significanton the future of China’s nuclear power. First, it highlights

  9. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01

    continue to pursue nuclear expansion as part of an energythe rapid expansion of China’s nuclear industry requires a

  10. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-for 44.8% of China’s total oil production in 2006, a drop ofgas, a by-product of oil production, has been used primarily

  11. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-Stabilize the increase in crude oil production and implementSinopec CNOOC China’s crude oil production increased from

  12. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Figure 5-10 Natural Gas (LNG) Price in Selected Countries (Figure 5-10 Natural Gas (LNG) Price in Selected CountriesPrices With China’s increasing dependency on the international natural gas (LNG)

  13. Shakespeare Studies in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Hui

    2012-05-31

    , the characteristic of Shakespeare studies in China is closely associated with the political and cultural situation of the time. This thesis chronicles and analyzes noteworthy scholarship of Shakespeare studies in China, especially since the 1990s, in terms...

  14. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    current pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentthis point, China’s demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supply inand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

  15. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers of America’sDowns and Jeffrey A. Bader, “Oil-Hungry China Belongs at BigChina, Africa, and Oil,” (Council on Foreign Relations,

  16. Plague From China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-02-09

    Broadcast Transcript: Those of you who have been paying attention to Postcards these past three years are already aware that China takes credit for many of the world's firsts, including pasta, gunpowder and golf. Well, China can add another first...

  17. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    7 Table 1-3 China’s Exploitable HydropowerGW of technically exploitable hydropower reserves capable ofTable 1-3). The major hydropower resources are in Southwest

  18. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    turbines, jet engines, nuclear power plants and space crafts, have placed severe demands on highSCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

  19. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Efficiency • Energy related advanced equipment and high technology, such as nuclearEnergy Efficiency Target for Power Industry (2006-2010) . 22 Table 2-8 China’s Development Plan for Nuclear

  20. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Industry and Gas to Power Generation, IEEJ. Ni, Chun Chun (Chun (2008), China’s Wind-Power Generation Policy and MarketInstalled Capacity and Power Generation (2006) . 60

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Potential in China’s Coal-fired Power Sector, IEEJ. Ni, ChunProjects for Existing Coal-fired Power Plants by CapacityConversion Plan for Existing Coal-fired Power Plants Table

  2. Research Outlook: China Focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with China's key national research agencies and institutions. With the signing of China Australia Free Trade and facilitate the safeguarding of bilateral trade and investment into the future. This publication provides

  3. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    5 ENERGY PRICES Figure 5-1 Major Coal Price Reforms (1980-117 Figure 5-2 Ex-Factory Coal Price Index (1980-Figure 6-14 Comparison of Coal Prices in China’s Domestic

  4. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    natural gas consumption, consumption in the North, East, and Southern ChinaConsumption Unit: (Mtce) Heat Natural Gas Total Petroleum Electricity Coke Total Coal Source: ChinaConsumption (Shares) Coal Crude Oil Natural Gas Electricity Coal Petroleum Natural Gas Electricity Source: China

  5. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Alternative Fuel/Vehicle for China’s Future Road Transport: Energyalternative fuel/vehicle for China’s future road transport: Life-cycle energyAlternative Fuel/Vehicle for china’s Future Road Transport: Energy

  6. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    hydraulic head to control hydroelectricity generation, andlarge scale of China’s hydroelectricity generation needs,

  7. China’s Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation, Adaptation, and Espionage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvenon, James; Luce, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    2010 China’s Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation,of the Chinese defense electronics sector can be attributedAdvanced defense electronics components and systems play a

  8. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    billion m 3 Total China Natural Gas Consumption: 126 billionTotal China Oil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas ProductionNatural Gas Consumption (2010) United States Russia Iran China

  9. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01

    on the future of China’s nuclear power. First, it highlightsas China builds more nuclear power plants. The challengesto manage, run, and inspect nuclear power plants across the

  10. Higher Education and China’s Defense Science and Technology Establishment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALDERMAN, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    7 January 2015 Higher Education and China’s Defense Sciencetalented personnel. The education of China’s defense scienceits institutes of higher education are not better preparing

  11. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    forthcoming). “China’s Alternative Energy Development. ”barriers to China’s alternative energy development, theand energy inputs to alternative energy technologies (AET)

  12. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    forthcoming). “China’s Alternative Energy Development. ”Sector Renewable and alternative energy development hasbarriers to China’s alternative energy development, the

  13. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Singapore Russia Korea, South Imports Exports Source: Chinaand Russia, while leading target markets for exports areShare of exports Unit: (%) India Japan USA FSU/ Russia China

  14. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Energy June 2009, British Petroleum. 5 Assessment Report ofEconomics Japan. British Petroleum (2009), StatisticalSouth-East Asian Nations British Petroleum China Compulsory

  15. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    the Renewable Energy Law 25 Table 2-11enacted the Renewable Energy Law in February 2005 (the Lawthe China Renewable Energy Law, which went into effect in

  16. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Growth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (TPE)by Fuel (Mtce) Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR CoalGrowth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (Mtce)

  17. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Exports : 19 Mt China's Coal Imports (2010) Indonesia Australia Vietnam Mongolia RussiaExports: 3 Mt China's Crude Oil Imports (2010) Saudi Arabia Angola Iran Oman Russia

  18. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    2013 China’s Space Robotic Arm Programs Kevin POLLPETERdebris observation and space robotic arm technologies. Thelikely equipped with a robotic arm, grappling the target

  19. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    composition of China’s green energy investment portfolio.financing mechanisms for green energy development in China.Composition of China’s green energy investment portfolio •

  20. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    application of additive manufacturing in China’s aviationAnalysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats,of China’s additive manufacturing industry is presented,

  1. Liaoning Gaoke Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom:

  2. Liaoning Oxiranchem Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc Jump to: navigation, search

  3. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg HU HongChang, TIAN FuQiang* & HU HePing Department of Hydraulic Engineering, State Key Laboratory as a key soil physical parameter and has been widely used to predict soil hydraulic and other related

  4. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    also used for drying coal in heat recovery boilers to raiseheat recovery components (boilers, raw meal dryer, coal feedheat recovery, exhaust gases include flue products from coal

  5. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    coal ash analysis The chemical composition analysis of raw meal, clinker, and the physical properties

  6. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    combustion products such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), carbon monoxide (combustion decreased. The concentration of carbon monoxidecombustion products that now include primarily carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and nitrogen (N 2 ) with small amounts of carbon monoxide (

  7. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    system that uses steam and turbine generators to produce upwater to cooling towers Steam Turbine Generator Waste Heatcombustion (CO gas) ? Steam turbine condenser cooling water

  8. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    recovery systems such as a cogeneration plant and the heatedplant has installed a cogeneration system that uses steamequipment as well as the cogeneration system. The data were

  9. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    dryer that uses heat from boiler exhaust gases to reduce thedrying coal in heat recovery boilers to raise steam, and forup to 6 MW power. The boilers use the heat of exhaust gases

  10. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    heat, based on 60% heat recovery, is approximately 12.5 GJ/Illustration of Reburn and Heat Recovery System Arrangementto this, it also uses heat recovery systems such as a

  11. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    to this, it also uses heat recovery systems such as afor drying coal in heat recovery boilers to raise steam, andWith this degree of heat recovery, exhaust gases include

  12. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    values are represented in pie chart (Figure 3) format toin the system. The pie chart indicates that major users ofof coal. The following pie-chart (Figure 13) and Sankey

  13. Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    systems such as a cogeneration plant and the heated air togenerated from the cogeneration plant and take credit forequivalent heat. The cogeneration plant produces 6 MW

  14. China's Pathways to Energy Security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01

    43, 2009) 220,000 bpd of Kazakhstan’s total oil exports of 1.0 million bpd goes to China Kazakhstan is a major oil nation, with more oil reserves (30 bil. Barrels est) than the US and half that of Russia Kazakhstan the only Cen. Asian nation... increasingly concerned about China’s economic clout China’s economy still export driven - Attempting to create a larger domestic market China’s demand increase between 2006 - 2020 Coal: 7,400% Copper: 600% Iron Ore: 380% Wood: 330% Soy: 80% Manganese: 30...

  15. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    mines in China lowers the coal recovery rate and increasesthat China’s average coal recovery rate is 30% nationallyimproved aggregate coal recovery rates and local- scale

  16. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    31. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under33. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under31. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under

  17. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    and Runqing Hu, 2005, “Solar thermal in China: Overview andperspectives of the Chinese solar thermal market. ” RefocusProspectives for China’s solar thermal power technology

  18. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    32 Table 13. Total Resource Requirements for Hydropower23 Figure 12. China's Hydropower Installed Capacity, 1980-and costs of China’s hydropower: Development or slowdown? ”

  19. High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fertin, Guillaume

    High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China E­mail: dlutzzz063@yahoo.com.cn Francesc Comellas Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China E

  20. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Australia South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (Central North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by RegionalSouth Central North West Crude Oil Producing Provinces in

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Crude Oil .of which 72.1 Gt-km was crude oil. Compared with the 118.5a transportation route for crude oil imports, China has also

  2. SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perissin, Daniele

    ), the largest hydroelectric project in the world, is one of the most significant recent construction projects in China. The three main functions of the TGP, namely, flood control, power generation and navigational

  3. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    assumption of four distinct motivations in pursuing international oilassumption that China has a unified strategy for international oiloil demand as staying consistent into the future, but this is perhaps an unreasonable assumption;

  4. Housing policy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

  5. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    s Worldwide Quest for Energy Security, (Paris: OCED/IEA,s Worldwide Quest for Energy Security, (Paris: OCED/IEA,China’s Quest for Energy Security, (Washington: RAND Project

  6. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Since 1999, China’s bioethanol production has grown to abelow, most of China’s bioethanol production use grains as aexpansion of existing bioethanol production and halted new

  7. Lithospheric dynamics of Earth's subduction zones and Martian tectonic provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Min, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates lithospheric dynamics of Earth's subduction zones and Martian tectonic provinces on multiple time scales ranging from short-term earthquake deformation to long-term tectonic loading. In Chapter 2, ...

  8. Appropriate water treatment for the Nyanza Province of Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alekal, Pragnya Y. (Pragnya Yogesh), 1977-

    2005-01-01

    In 2000 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in conjunction with CARE International began working with several local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Nyanza Province of Kenya to reduce the rate ...

  9. Cenozoic volcanic geology of the Basin and Range province in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cenozoic volcanic geology of the Basin and Range province in Hidalgo County, southwestern New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference...

  10. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-12-31

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises` investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  11. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    the discovery of several new oil production sites worldwide,increase in global oil production in the post-war period andas nearly every other oil production facility listed in the

  12. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Degree-Days and Cooling Degree-Hours for Chinese cities.days (HDD) and cooling degree hours (CDH), to account forDays ( HDD) and Cooling Degree Hours (CDH). 15 Drawing from

  13. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    In an Energy CSC, an energy price line is determined thatthat fall below the energy price line are so-called “cost-depending on the energy price. A sensitivity analysis for

  14. Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers

  15. Cenozoic tectonic and geomorphic evolution of the Red River Region, Yunnan Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenbohm, Lindsay M. (Lindsay Marie), 1976-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) Xianshuihe-Xiaojiang fault system during growth of the southeast plateau margin. Cosmogenic ²?A1 and ¹?Be basin-wide erosion rate and burial ages indicate a background incision rate of [approximately] 0.05 to 0.10 ...

  16. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Coal grinding roller mills can be found in many countries around the world, for example, Brazil, Canada,

  17. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    the Tool BEST Cement: Benchmarking and Energy Savings Toolbut that used best practice energy-efficiency technologiesof the plant compared to best practice energy use, which is

  18. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    the Tool BEST Cement: Benchmarking and Energy Savings Toolfor product i = best practice energy intensity for product ibut that used best practice energy-efficiency technologies

  19. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    effective energy saving potential Fuel saving potential (TJ)GWh) Annual Fuel Saving Potential (TJ) Annual Primary Energyand fuel saving potential also increase by the increase in energy

  20. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    technical potential primary energy savings of 12% would betechnical potential primary energy savings of 23% would betechnical potential primary energy savings of 12% would be

  1. Controls on isolated carbonate platform evolution and demise, Central Luconia Province, South China Sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olave Hoces, Sergio

    2009-06-02

    and extrinsic factors such as differential subsidence, paleowind patterns and siliciclastic influx then controlled the internal architecture of the platforms. 2-D regional seismic lines, publicdomain data and published literature were used to analyze growth...

  2. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    See discussion of this report in ETSU, AEA Technology, 2001.environment/ccl/pdf/etsu-analysis.pdf European Environmentpossible technologies (ETSU, 1999). Then, for the ten

  3. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Technology Support Unit (ETSU). 1988. High Level Control ofCircle Industries and SIRA (ETSU, 1988). Other developersvary between 2.5% and 10% (ETSU, 1988), and the typical

  4. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Cost-Effective Electricity and Fuel Saving Potentials and CO2Cost-Effective Electricity and Fuel Saving Potentials and CO2Cost-Effective Electricity and Fuel Saving Potentials and CO2

  5. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    and AQC boiler), steam turbine generators, controllingAQC boiler is fed to the steam turbine generator to produceand AQC boiler), steam turbine generators, controlling

  6. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    Fuel Ferrous Metals Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products Non-metallicFuel Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products Medicines Chemical Fiber Rubber Plastic Non-metallicFuel Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products Metal Products Non-ferrous Metals Ferrous Metals Non-metallic

  7. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Energy ResearchBerkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Energy ResearchNational Laboratory in collaboration with the Energy Research

  8. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Berkeley National Laboratory TIAN Zhiyu Energy ResearchBerkeley National Laboratory TIAN Zhiyu Energy ResearchBerkeley National Laboratory TIAN Zhiyu Energy Research

  9. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    theory: The nature of oil rent. ” Capital and class 39 (theory: The nature of oil rent. ” Capital and class 39 (one other oil field nearby, offering to rent the land for

  10. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Banerjee, R. , 2005. Energy Efficiency and Demand SideKiln Systems,” Energy Efficiency in the Cement Industry (Ed.for Improving Energy Efficiency, Reducing Pollution and

  11. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Banerjee, R. , 2005. Energy Efficiency and Demand SideKiln Systems,” Energy Efficiency in the Cement Industry (Ed.of Industrial Energy Efficiency Measures,” Proceedings of

  12. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    pre-crushing needed) and coal types with a higher humidityfor more abrasive coal types. Electricity consumption for aas dust-laden air. This type of coal separator improves the

  13. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    Values by Fuel Fuel Type Raw Coal Cleaned Coal Washed CoalType Carbon Coefficient CO 2 Coefficient (t C/TJ) (t CO 2 /TJ) Coal

  14. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    values for fuels, such as crude oil and raw coal, and theseGas Other Coking Products Crude Oil Gasoline Kerosene DieselGas Other Coking Products Crude Oil Gasoline Kerosene Diesel

  15. Forecasting the Path of China's CO2 Emissions Using Province Level Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian; Carson, Richard T.

    2007-01-01

    to the Environmental Kuznets Curve, Ecological Economics 28,Confronting the environmental kuznets curve, Journal of2004, The Environmental Kuznets Curve and Flow Versus Stock

  16. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    oil distribution and sale was overseen by the Office of Finances oil wealth. In 1907, provincial Minister of Finance Wang

  17. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Statistics National Development and Reform Commission new suspension pre-heater and pre-calciner operations & maintenance

  18. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    and energy savings amount of energy-efficiency measures willenergy saving of any energy efficiency measure will changeor energy savings of the energy-efficiency measures on the

  19. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    What is the ratio of fly ash and slag? g. Energy EfficiencyBlended cement (Additives: fly ash, pozzolans, and blastcan include such materials as fly ash from electric power

  20. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Blended cement (Additives: fly ash, pozzolans, and blastcan include such materials as fly ash from electric poweradditives (GGBS, pozzolana, fly ash, or limestone), made up

  1. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    Coal Washed Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other CokingTJ) Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking Products

  2. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Development waste heat recovery World Wide Fund for NatureTaishan Cement Works Waste Heat Recovery and Utilisation forCement Plant 9100KW Waste Heat Recovery and Utilisation for

  3. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    for some fuels, such as coke oven gas and other gas, NBSCoal Washed Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Cokingt CO 2 /TJ) Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking

  4. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    in unproduced oil or wasted investments. Sheng’s actions and100 Central government investment in oil production nearlyAs far as oil was concerned, investment and interest was

  5. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Thus, the average unit price of coal consumed in studiedunder the average unit price of coal in studied plants inthan the average unit price of coal. In other words, the

  6. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Banerjee, R. , 2005. Energy Efficiency and Demand SideE. , Price, L. , 1999. Energy Efficiency and Carbon DioxideZ. , 2006. Efficiency Improvement and Energy Conservation in

  7. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Z. , 2006. Efficiency Improvement and Energy Conservation inBanerjee, R. , 2005. Energy Efficiency and Demand SideE. , Price, L. , 1999. Energy Efficiency and Carbon Dioxide

  8. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    design code for energy saving, energy consumption auditingEnergy Consumption and Energy Saving Potential,” ProceedingsCement: Benchmarking and Energy Savings Tool for the Cement

  9. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Targets Residential Energy Other Energy Energy saving EnergyEnergy saving Energy growth rates goals based on growthEcon Trend Analysis & Equal Savings Energy End- Use Sectors

  10. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Energy Consumption and Energy Saving Potential,” ProceedingsGomes, A. S. 1990. “Energy Saving and Environmental Impactdesign code for energy saving, energy consumption auditing

  11. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01

    reduce transport costs and begin drilling more quickly. Thethe total cost for geological and test drilling operations55 The costs for geological surveying and test drilling “

  12. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    the Energy and Transport Sector Unit of the East Asia andthe Energy and Transport Sector Unit of the East Asia and

  13. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    residue and (dewatered) sewage sludge (Hendriks et al,.and (dewatered) sewage sludge, and hazardous wastes (

  14. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    Power generation ..Efficiency Status of Power Generation Industry in China,”Efficiency Status of Power Generation Industry in China,”

  15. Antiquity and paleoenvironment of the Tamaulipan Biotic Province of southern Texas: the zooarchaeological perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presley, Anna Lee

    2004-09-30

    Biotic Province (Figure 1). This region is an ecotonal community, which is bounded by the Chihuahuan Desert to the west, the Gulf Coast deciduous forest of the Texan Biotic Province to the east and the more elevated Balcones Biotic Province... the Tamaulipan Biotic Province: Chihuahuan, Balconian, and Texan. The environments of these provinces are characterized respectively as desert, scrub forest, and mixed grassland and forested areas. This intermixing of fauna is exemplified by the shared...

  16. China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbon emissions (Summary)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    energy use. China’s Sustainable Energy Future Summary next31 -ii- China’s Sustainable Energy Future Executive Summarystudy, entitled China’s Sustainable Energy Future: Scenarios

  17. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-01-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises' investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  18. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  19. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Wang, 1995. Chapter VI, Energy Prices China Energy DatabookS £5S3£Ss£ i Chapter VI, Energy Prices China Energy Databookabsent are data on energy prices, key elements in the

  20. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (2010) US China Japan IndiaKorea Canada Other Total World Oil Consumption: 4,028 MtTotal China Oil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas Production

  1. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    by Source, 1992 I.Mtce Country Coal Liquid Gas China India*Japan USA FSUf Country Coal Liquid Gas China India* JapanElectricity t V Coal & Cokef Liquids U Natural Gas Delivered

  2. Experts in Defense: How China’s Academicians Contribute to Its Defense Science and Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2015-01-01

    also well-represented in China’s shipbuilding, ordnance, andDesigner Shen Wensun, Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Co. (part of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation); and

  3. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Export Sources China's Coal Imports (2010) Import Sources Mt % of Total Indonesia Australia Viet Nam Mongolia Russia

  4. China's Navy Embraces Technology: Western Science, Chinese Culture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLE, Bernard D.

    2013-01-01

    environment. CHINA’S SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY AND THE PLAN Thisone shipbuilder. China’s shipbuilding industry is improvingAnother weakness in the shipbuilding indus- try is the

  5. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  6. Extreme Energy in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khanna, Nina; Fridley, David; Cai, Lixue

    2013-06-01

    Over the last decade, China has focused its policies simultaneously on moderating the rapid energy demand growth that has been driven by three decades of rapid economic growth and industrialization and on increasing its energy supply. In spite of these concerted efforts, however, China continues to face growing energy supply challenges, particularly with accelerating demand for oil and natural gas, both of which are now heavily dependent on imports. On the supply side, the recent 11th and 12th Five-Year Plans have emphasized accelerating conventional and nonconventional oil and gas exploration and development through pricing reforms, pipeline infrastructure expansions and 2015 production targets for shale gas and coal seam methane. This study will analyze China’s new and nonconventional oil and gas resources base, possible development paths and outlook, and the potential role for these nonconventional resources in meeting oil and gas demand. The nonconventional resources currently being considered by China and included in this study include: shale gas, coal seam methane (coal mine methane and coal bed methane), tight gas, in-situ coal gasification, tight oil and oil shale, and gas hydrates.

  7. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  8. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute on the piezoelectric semiconductor materials, such as ZnO, ZnS, CdS and GaN. With the usage of these piezoelectric.37 eV and large free-exciton binding energy of 60 meV at room temperature. Furthermore, splendid one

  9. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Fridley, D.G.; Levine, M.D. [eds.

    1996-06-01

    The response to the first edition of the China Energy Databook was overwhelmingly positive, and has encouraged us to issue this revised, updated, and expanded edition. It has been a natural counterpart to the Energy Analysis Program`s continuing program of collaborative research with the Energy Research Institute. No other current reference volume dedicated to China`s energy system contains a similar variety and quality of material. We have revised some of the categories and data that appeared in the old volume. The adjustment for energy consumption in the transportation sector, for instance, has been slightly changed to include some fuel use in the commercial sector, which was previously left out. As another example, natural gas consumption statistics in the first edition greatly overstated electric utility use; we have rectified that error. Some tables have changed as statistical collection and reporting practices change in China. Figures on gross output value by sector stop with 1992, and economic output in subsequent years is covered by various measures of value-added, such as national income and gross domestic product.

  10. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    application of additive manufacturing in China’s aviationAnalysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats,an overview of China’s additive manufacturing industry is

  11. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    technology in China. ” Energy 35: 4445-4450. Xinhua News,photovoltaic market in China. ” Energy Policy 39 (4): 2204-and X. Zhang, 2010, “Nuclear energy development in China: A

  12. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    a 300 MW pulverized coal-fired utility furnace in China. ”generator. China’s coal-fired power plants, however, have athe grid’s reliance on coal-fired units for load following,

  13. Coal in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minchener, A.J. [IEA Clean Coal Centre, London (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-01

    The article gives an overview of the production and use of coal in China, for power generation and in other sectors. Coal use for power generation was 850 million tonnes in 2003 and 800 million tonnes in the non-power sector. The majority of power will continue to be produced from coal, with a trend towards new larger pulverised coal fired units and introduction of circulating fluidised bed combustors. Stricter regulations are forcing introduction of improved pollution control technologies. It seems likely that China will need international finance to supplement private and state investment to carry out a programme to develop and apply clean coal technologies. The author concludes that there is evidence of a market economy being established but there is a need to resolve inconsistencies with the planned aspects of the economy and that additional policies are needed in certain sectors to achieve sustainable development. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fertin, Guillaume

    High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China E-mail: dlutzzz063@yahoo.com.cn Francesc Comellas@lina.univ-nantes.fr Lili Rong Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning

  15. Outsourcing CO2 within China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (6–9). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

  16. Outsourcing CO2 within China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (6–9). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

  17. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    126 billion m 3 China's Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (2010)Emirates Total Liquefied Natural Gas Imports: 9.34 billion m

  18. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    of China's Total Primary Energy Production by Source (1950-2010) AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal OilOther Renewables Total Primary Energy Production by Source

  19. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    China's Fuel Combustion CO 2 Emissions by Fuel Mt CO 2 Coal Oil Natural Gas Note: Data based on total final consumption

  20. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Source: National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), China EnergyNations Commodity Trade Statistics Database. New York:National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of

  1. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database. New York:National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic ofYearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press. 2. Transformation

  2. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01

    the previous year. NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY AND FUEL CYCLES China’third-generation nuclear technology and reactor design, withs own third-generation nuclear technology. Westing- house,

  3. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). The Group has published seven editions to date of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  4. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-01-15

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). In 2008 the Group published the Seventh Edition of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  5. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    GW) Includes only thermal power generation units over 6 M WFactors for Electric Power Generation, 1978-1994 ChinaNetworks, 1991 Thermal Power Generation and Capacity by

  6. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    World Total 1970 and 1975 Soviet Union data from International EnergyWorld Bank China Energy Databook Appendix 3. Bibliographie References for Selected Sources in the Data

  7. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasRefueling in China Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries

  8. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    in this volume; India — Tata Energy Research Institute,of China 1994; India — LDC Energy Database, InternationalReview, 1994; India —LDC Energy Database, International

  9. A Surgeon in Wartime China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Lyle Stephenson

    1946-01-01

    the Hooghly and then the Brahmaputra River to this area. From here they were flown over the Hump, or the Himalaya Mountains, by our American Air Corps and A.T.C. pilots. The Japanese had of course cut off the only other en trance into China, the Burma... Effort in Ckina THE X, Y, AND Z FORCES T THE TIME of my arrival in China, January, 1944, the war effort in China, Burma, and India was com- JL JL.bined into one theater, known as the C.B.I. (China, Burma, India) under the command of General Joseph W...

  10. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    s ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. Ifgrowth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustiondependence. 4.4.1. Carbon dioxide emissions Coal is China’s

  11. Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton, Jonathan E.

    2001-01-01

    China’s Energy Statistics Mtce Primary Consumption Coal Primary Consumption Total Energy Primary Production Primary Production Natural Gas Oil Primary Consumption

  12. China's Defense Electronics and Information Technology Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RAGLAND, LeighAnn; MCREYNOLDS, Joe; GEARY, Debra

    2013-01-01

    2013 China’s Defense Electronics and Information Technologythe Chinese defense electronics and information technology (is moving the defense electronics and IT industry toward

  13. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Global Markets for Coal-to-Liquids Technologies. ” PresentedNeeds Curtail China’s Coal to Liquid Fuels Program. ” ChokeCoal to Liquids

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Furthermore, China’s nuclear safety and inspection capacitymembers in regional nuclear safety inspection offices andcenter of the National Nuclear Safety Administration (

  15. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01

    Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China’sof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption, while others estimate

  16. China is the New Baseball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-05-23

    Broadcast Transcript: Baseball is called bang qiu here in China. And, if a recent exploration trip taken by New York Yankee bigwigs is any indication, it looks as if China might be the next major outsource for major league outfielders. Not right...

  17. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  18. Teaching China GATT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2009-01-01

    , Heenan Blaikie, LLP, Canada. Address: Green Hall, 1535 West 15 th Street, Lawrence, KS 66045-7577 USA. Telephone: +785-864-9224. Fax: +785-864-5054. E-mail: bhala[at]ku.edu. The author is grateful to his Research Assistant, Mr. Ben Sharp (J... 2009, at 3. 3 See John Reed & Bernard Simon, The Thrill is Gone, FINANCIAL TIMES, 3 February 2009, at 9; Jonathan Lynn, UPDATE 2 – China Loses WTO Appeal in Car Parts Dispute, REUTERS, 15 December 2008, available at www.reuters.com. See also...

  19. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    China Primary Energy Consumption, 1980-2007 Primary Energy Consumption (mtce) hydro & nuclear coal natural gas

  20. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Yichong. ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China. ? Guestauthor of The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China, nuclearYichong, ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China,? (guest

  1. Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Analysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviationan overview of China’s additive manufacturing industry wasmilitary achievements in additive manufacturing. 2 Initial

  2. Partnering with China to Promote Renewable Energy Deployment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    developers and customers for projects in China, and is a key step to help First Solar gain market access in China. UL International and China General Certification Center....

  3. Cultural Geography and Interregional Contacts in Prehistoric Liangshan (Southwest China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hein, Anke Marion

    2013-01-01

    George 2005. Physical Geography of the Gaoligong Shan Areaof China's Physical Geography. China Knowledge Series.shou Sun. 1962. Economic Geography of Southwest China : (

  4. Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Analysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviationof China’s additive manufacturing industry was presented. Inroles in addi- tive manufacturing (AM) development and

  5. Residential Segregation of China’s Minority Nationalities from the Han, 2000 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xiaodan

    2012-02-14

    Although a relatively large amount of literature dealing with the demography of the People’s Republic of China has been published in recent decades, few sociologists and demographers have engaged in comparative studies of China’s ethnic minority...

  6. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    M.A. , 2009, Estimated use of water in the United States ins Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China’ss Thirst For Renewable Power: Water Implications of China’s

  7. The political economy of noncompliance in China: The case of industrial energy policy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Van Aken, Tucker; Lewis, Orion A.

    2015-03-18

    One of the greatest challenges facing China today is the central government's ability to ensure that policies are implemented effectively at the local level, particularly policies that seek to make China's economic growth model more sustainable. These policies face resistance from local authorities and enterprises that benefit from the status quo. This raises a key research question: why do some provinces more fully implement these central policies? We argue the extent of local implementation is best conceptualized as a rational balance between economic and political incentives: localities with regulatory autonomy, low regulatory capacity and alternative interests will not fully implementmore »policies that are at odds with local economic imperatives. By examining a critical case of central policy implementation—industrial energy intensity reduction in the eleventh five-year plan—this article demonstrates that, regardless of industrial makeup or economic development, provinces that have greater regulatory autonomy for noncompliance coupled with alternative economic interests do not, on average, perform as well. As a result, using a nested analysis approach this study illustrates this argument with both quantitative analysis and original case study evidence from fieldwork interviews.« less

  8. Projections of motor vehicle growth, fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions for the next thirty years in China.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, D.; Wang, M.

    2000-12-12

    Since the early 1990s, China's motor vehicles have entered a period of fast growth resultant from the rapid economic expansion. As the largest developing country, the fast growth of China's motor vehicles will have tremendous effects on the world's automotive and fuel market and on global CO{sub 2} emissions. In this study, we projected Chinese vehicle stocks for different vehicle types on the provincial level. First, we reviewed the historical data of China's vehicle growth in the past 10 years and the correlations between vehicle growth and economic growth in China. Second, we investigated historical vehicle growth trends in selected developed countries over the past 50 or so years. Third, we established a vehicle growth scenario based on the historical trends in several developed nations. Fourth, we estimated fuel economy, annual mileage and other vehicle usage parameters for Chinese vehicles. Finally, we projected vehicle stocks and estimated motor fuel use and CO{sub 2} emissions in each Chinese province from 2000 to 2030. Our results show that China will continue the rapid vehicle growth, increase gasoline and diesel consumption and increased CO{sub 2} emissions in the next 30 years. We estimated that by year 2030, Chinese motor vehicle fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions could reach the current US levels.

  9. China’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Chinese Research, Development, and Acquisition System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHASE, Michael S.; LIEGGI, Stephanie; ERICKSON, Andrew S.; LAFFERTY, Brian

    2014-01-01

    January 2014 China’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Chineseand processes within the nuclear weapons program may beare possible. Studying the nuclear weapons program is thus

  10. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    to achieve China’s planned renewable energy development areillustrate that future renewable energy development will behas increasingly looked to renewable energy for meeting its

  11. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Electricity Council. 2010. “Smart Grid Snapshot: China Topswww.zpryme.com/reports/smart_grid_snapshot_global_and_china%Figure 48 2010 Federal Stimulus Investments in Smart Grid by

  12. China’s Defense Innovation System: Making the Wheels Spin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Kathleen A; Francis, Ed

    2011-01-01

    2011 China’s Defense Innovation System: Making the Wheelsis developing a defense innovation system (DIS) as part of aeffort to construct a national innovation system (NIS) that

  13. Innovation in China’s Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01

    Brief No. 20 September 2011 Innovation in China’s Defensepolicy brief examines how innovation takes place within theanalysis of technological innovation in industrial systems,

  14. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    tower plant in China. ” Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi. ” Renewable and Sustainable EnergyChina’s Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of

  15. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    The status quo of China's nuclear power and the uranium gapAssociation. 2010. "Nuclear Power in China." Availableincluding hydropower and nuclear power. In November 2009,

  16. China’s Shipbuilding Industry Development: A Boost for Naval Ship Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gabe

    2010-01-01

    policy, energy security, and the shipbuilding industry.September 2010 China’s Shipbuilding Industry Development: AC hina’s growing shipbuilding prowess is very relevant to

  17. Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    provides rich sources for hydropower, Hubei Province hasapproach favors large hydropower producers and exporters

  18. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    s 102 MW Donghaiqiao offshore wind farm becoming the firstoperating large-scale offshore wind farm. In Octoberto construct four offshore wind farms in Jiangsu province

  19. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Jiangsu province. 7. Outlook of Solar Water Heaters in the54 Outlook of Solar Water Heaters in the ResidentialSolar Power Generation Technologies Outlook ..

  20. Stratigraphy-related, low-pressure metamorphism in the Hardey Syncline, Hamersley Province, Western Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikegami, Takashi

    Stratigraphy-related, low-pressure metamorphism in the Hardey Syncline, Hamersley Province, Western. Furthermore, the change of metamorphic grade strongly correlates with stratigraphy, and the metamorphic

  1. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional Shares EastHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

  2. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    India i Japan Electricity Q i USA G a s China EnergyIndia Japan USA FSUf 3S4.8 Liquid Gas Electricity Heat fiIndia Japan USA FSU World f H Hydro- electricity Uranium §

  3. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional SharesHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

  4. China production equipment sourcing strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chouinard, Natalie, 1979-

    2009-01-01

    This thesis recommends a China business and equipment strategy for the Controls Conveyor Robotics Welding (CCRW) group at General Motors. The current strategy is to use globally common equipment through predetermined global ...

  5. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Fuels Corporations. 2. Coal types: Dalian price is for FuxinJingyuan Lingwu Hami Wuju Coal Type weakly caking gas coalCountries China's Coal Resources by Type of Coal, End of

  6. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    production of primary energy. International Marine Bunkersmarine bunkers and trade. Growth of China's Total Primary Energyenergy supply equals to the total of indigenous production and imports, and minus exports and international marine

  7. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    production of primary energy. International Marine Bunkersmarine bunkers and trade. Growth of China's Total Primary Energyenergy supply equals to the total of indigenous production and imports, and minus exports and international marine

  8. DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission...

  9. Hunan province Chaling Huijin Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoring ToolHuaihuaInformation province Chaling

  10. Property:Project State/Province | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url Jump to:Programmable Wavemaking Jump to:State/Province

  11. China energy databook. 1992 Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  12. The domestic travel sector in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders, Jeff, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    China is already the largest domestic tourism market in the world. Chinese citizens made as many as 800 million overnight domestic trips in 2005. While travel is not a new concept in China, the disposable income they wield, ...

  13. The dynamics of the China logistics industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cen, Xuepin

    2005-01-01

    As required by the WTO accession, China is opening its logistics industry to international logistics companies. What are these companies' strategies in the China market, and how are Chinese domestic logistics companies ...

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    China. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydrorevised over time and small hydro currently is defined asand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

  15. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    energy in China. ” Renewable Energy 36 (5): 1374-1378. Chen,GoC/World Bank/GEF China Renewable Energy Scale-up Programwind power systems. ” Renewable Energy 35: 218-225. Lechon

  16. U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

  17. Strategies for retirement community development in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hua, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    In 2000, China's 60-year-and-older population reached 130 million, or 10% of the total population. This event symbolizes that China has entered the aging society. In the Chinese tradition, strong family support enables ...

  18. Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton, Jonathan E.

    2001-01-01

    the primary energy production and consumption statistics areProduction Hydroelectricity Primary Consumption J.E.Sinton, China’s Energy StatisticsStatistics Mtce Primary Consumption Coal Primary Consumption Total Energy Primary Production

  19. Pollution and Environmental Concern in Rural China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Julia

    2013-12-31

    , a large proportion of China's population still lives in rural areas where national environmental laws are often not implemented, and where environmental pollution can be quite serious. Thus, it is important to understand how China's rural population...

  20. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    potential of different solar PV technologies, including both2007, p. 28. Status of Solar PV Technology China has been anResearch, 2010. Solar PV technology applications in China

  1. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    been revised over time and small hydro currently is definedChina. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydroand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

  2. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    Roles and prospect of nuclear power in China’s energy supply70% load factor 48 GW of nuclear power capacity @ 90% loadnear LNG import terminals. Nuclear power IEA, World Energy

  3. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01

    Tiger: Subsidies to China’s Paper Industry from 2002-2009. ”Given the Chinese paper industry’s current production mix,Industry Ammonia Industry Paper Industry Industry Aluminum

  4. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Expansion Policy Drivers Renewable Energy Law of ChinaThe 2005 Renewable Energy Law of China marked the beginningsin the 2005 Renewable Energy Law, a goal of raising the

  5. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    1985-01-01

    IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy conservation in China... North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants and several specific...

  6. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    coal type mining. Production by coal type Since 1980, China maximizedthe production shares of coal types, the shares of different

  7. Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Azure. Alternative Fuel Use in the Cement Sector in ShandongSector Analysis Report: Cement Testing Sectoral ProposalTemplates In China’s Cement Sector. 2009. Bao , Xianfa.

  8. Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    CO 2 emissions from China’s cement production: methodologiesfossil fuel consumption and cement production. Geophys. Res.NTNU, 2006). 27. China Cement Association. China Cement

  9. Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2013-01-01

    House, Beijing. CCA (China Cement Association), 2009.China Cement Almanac 2008. Jiangsu People'sHouse, Nanjing. CCA (China Cement Association), 2010. China

  10. China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbon emissions (Summary)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    will shape China’s future energy system, and consequentlybeen conducted on future energy use and pollutant emissionscould influence China’s future energy consumption and carbon

  11. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project *Reprinted from Emissions trading in China: Progress: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Emissions trading in China: Progress to establish pilot emissions trading systems (ETS). In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview

  12. China's High Savings Rates Rick Harbaugh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Emília

    the highest in the world. That savings would grow in a country emerging from poverty is not necessarilyChina's High Savings Rates Rick Harbaugh Prepared for conference on "The Rise of China Revisited Abstract Since the early 1980s China has witnessed a rapid increase in its national savings rate to one

  13. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project An Integrated Assessment of China's Wind Energy;1 An Integrated Assessment of China's Wind Energy Potential Da Zhang* , Michael Davidson§ , Bhaskar Gunturu production cost functions for wind at the provincial level for both onshore and offshore, incorporating

  14. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project The energy and CO2 emissions impact of renewable and CO2 emissions impact of renewable energy development in China Tianyu Qi a , Xiliang Zhang a energy development in China* Tianyu Qi, Xiliang Zhang and Valerie Karplus *Reprinted from Energy Policy

  15. Craft Specialization and Animal Products at the Longshan Period Sites of Taosi and Zhoujiazhuang, Shanxi Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunson, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    A. 2014. Reconsidering Raw Material Selection Skeletalstudies reveal how changes in raw material selection reflect87 Raw material

  16. Volatile organic compounds from vegetation in southern Yunnan Province, China: Emission rates and some potential regional implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    in the genera Bambusa, Elaeis, Eucalyptus, Hevea, Pinus, ande.g. Bambusa spp. and Eucalyptus spp. ) are also projectedpotential such as Hevea, Eucalyptus, Arecaceae (Palmae),

  17. Mass drug administration for the control and elimination of Plasmodium vivax malaria: an ecological study from Jiangsu province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Hsiang et al. : Mass drug administration for the control andL, Greenwood BM: Mass administrations of antimalarial drugs.Skarbinski J: Mass drug administration for malaria. Cochrane

  18. Craft Specialization and Animal Products at the Longshan Period Sites of Taosi and Zhoujiazhuang, Shanxi Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunson, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    In Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation inIn Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation inIn Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in

  19. A review of China`s energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Duan, N. [Environment Management Institute, Beijing (China); Zhijie, H. [Energy Research Institute, Beijing (China)

    1994-12-01

    In 1992 China`s primary energy production reached 1075 million tons of coal equivalent by far the largest in the developing world. Because coal is the primary commercial fuel, rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions is certain. Thus the attitude of the Chinese government toward energy and environmental issues becomes increasingly important to those involved in the study and analysis of global climate change and energy issues. This report is intended to provide a basic understanding of the development of China`s energy policymaking over the past four decades. The paper first reviews institutional development and policymaking and then describes the transition to the market-oriented system. While energy has consistently received a great deal of attention from the central government, the institutional basis for setting and implementing policies has shifted often. Reforms during the past 15 years have been incremental, piecemeal, and occasionally contradictory, but overall have freed a large portion of the energy industry from the strictures of a planned economy and laid the basis for broad price liberalization. Responsibility for energy planning is now dispersed among a number of organizations, rendering coordination of energy development difficult. Economic reform has rendered obsolete most of the policy-implementation means of the planning era. Although the new tools of central control are not fully effective, the trend toward decentralized decisionmaking has been strengthened. The report ends with a summary of energy forecasts used by Chinese policymakers, highlighting current policy goals and the issues that will shape future policy.

  20. Cogeneration development and market potential in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J.; Xin, D.

    1996-05-01

    China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

  1. Liaoning Kangping Jinshan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to:LEDSGP.org

  2. Liaoning Shenhua Xiehe Wind Power Investment Limited | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to:LEDSGP.orgInformation Shenhua Xiehe

  3. Liaoning Zhangwu Jinshan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to:LEDSGP.orgInformation Shenhua

  4. Liaoning Kaitian Renewable Energy Environment Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom:Information Kaitian Renewable

  5. Liaoning Linghai City Jinhua Smeltery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom:Information Kaitian

  6. Liaoning Shuangyi Silicon Industry Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom:Information KaitianEnergyShuangyi

  7. Filial Piety in China Redux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2012-11-28

    government is behind the general message particularly because of China's growing grey population. And so it has issued an updated edition Teach Mom to use the internet, it says. Take Dad to a film. Find a new mate for a widowed parent. Wait. What? Filial...

  8. Impacts of urban transportation mode split on CO{sub 2} emissions in Jinan, China.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, D.; Meng, F.; Wang, M.; He, K.

    2011-04-01

    As the world's largest developing country, China currently is undergoing rapid urbanization and motorization, which will result in far-reaching impacts on energy and the environment. According to estimates, energy use and carbon emissions in the transportation sector will comprise roughly 30% of total emissions by 2030. Since the late 1990s, transportation-related issues such as energy, consumption, and carbon emissions have become a policy focus in China. To date, most research and policies have centered on vehicle technologies that promote vehicle efficiency and reduced emissions. Limited research exists on the control of greenhouse gases through mode shifts in urban transportation - in particular, through the promotion of public transit. The purpose of this study is to establish a methodology to analyze carbon emissions from the urban transportation sector at the Chinese city level. By using Jinan, the capital of China's Shandong Province, as an example, we have developed an analytical model to simulate energy consumption and carbon emissions based on the number of trips, the transportation mode split, and the trip distance. This model has enabled us to assess the impacts of the transportation mode split on energy consumption and carbon emissions. Furthermore, this paper reviews a set of methods for data collection, estimation, and processing for situations where statistical data are scarce in China. This paper also describes the simulation of three transportation system development scenarios. The results of this study illustrate that if no policy intervention is implemented for the transportation mode split (the business-as-usual (BAU) case), then emissions from Chinese urban transportation systems will quadruple by 2030. However, a dense, mixed land-use pattern, as well as transportation policies that encourage public transportation, would result in the elimination of 1.93 million tons of carbon emissions - approximately 50% of the BAU scenario emissions.

  9. Passive cigarette smoke, coal heating, and respiratory symptoms of nonsmoking women in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, C.A. III Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT ); Xu, X. )

    1993-09-01

    In this study the authors evaluated data from a sample of 973 never-smoking women, ages 20-40, who worked in three similar textile mills in Anhui Province, China. They compared prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms across homes with and without coal heating and homes with different numbers of smokers. Multiple logistic regression models that controlled for age, job title, and mill of employment were also estimated. Respiratory symptoms were associated with combined exposure to passive cigarette smoke and coal heating. Effects of passive cigarette smoke and coal heating on respiratory symptoms appeared to be nearly additive, suggesting a dose-response relationship between respiratory symptoms and home indoor air pollution from these two sources. The prevalence of chest illness, cough, phlegm, and shortness of breath (but not wheeze) was significantly elevated for women living in homes with both smokers and coal heating.

  10. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    Coal gasification technology in China: Application and Development,” presentation at the China-US Clean

  11. Survey of insect pests and their natural enemies on some indigenous trees in Tshikundamalema, Limpopo Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Limpopo Province". So far, several field visits have been carried out for sampling through canopy fogging the canopy is done by fogging (Fig. 2). #12;Fig. 2. Fogging a marula tree Fig. 3 shows the commonest insect

  12. China’s Defense High-Tech Leadership: Implications for S&T Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagt, Eric

    2011-01-01

    2011 China’s Defense High-Tech Leadership: Implications foran effective defense high-tech innovation system. Thein the PLA and advises on high-tech and strategic platforms.

  13. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    61 4.3.2 Crude Oil Demand and Tradeor no impact on China’s crude oil import demand. Rather,for reductions in crude oil imports and coal demand in its

  14. Lessons for China from a comparison of logistics in the U.S. and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Ming, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Logistics efficiency is low in China. In 2008, total logistics costs accounted for 18.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in China, which was almost twice that of the United States. Increasing logistics efficiency can save ...

  15. China’s Shipbuilding Industry Development: A Boost for Naval Ship Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gabe

    2010-01-01

    Complexity China’s top shipyards are closing the gap withof the world’s 40 largest shipyards in terms of deadweightcomplexity of Chinese shipyards’ output is already on par

  16. Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2014-01-01

    relevant to China’s energy security challenge and thusTo state China’s energy security challenge briefly, an oilChina’s Quest for Energy Security (Santa Monica, CA: RAND

  17. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    and Li Junfeng. ?Renewable Energy Policy Update for China. ?and Li Junfeng, ?Renewable Energy Policy Update for China,?in China: An Update,? Renewable Energy World, 19 May 2011,

  18. Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    china/en/press/reports/wind-power-report.pdf National Bureauet. al. 2007. “China Wind Power Report. ” Beijing: ChinaCIS and AIS CIS AIS Wind Power Nuclear Power NG Fired CC

  19. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Xu Yichong. ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China. ?the author of The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China,the Xu Yichong, ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China,? (

  20. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    in 2010. ? Global Wind Energy Council. 6 April 2011. http://China‘s Grid-Limited Wind Energy Potential. ? Carbon-Nation.grid-limited-wind-energy-potential/. ———. ?China‘s Potent

  1. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    steam engine and the Industrial Revolution. Since then, eachpillars of the new industrial revolution, could allow China?? ” [3D Printing Opens New Industrial Revolution—Is China’s

  2. IBM Research -ChinaIBM Research China Internet-of-Things for Sustainability of Mega Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    Transportation Nature Resource City Public Services Supply Chain Energy p Security Challenges: Pollution, diseaseIBM Research - ChinaIBM Research China Internet-of-Things for Sustainability of Mega Cities Hui Su, PhD Associate Director, IBM Research ­ China © 2010 IBM Corporation #12;Connected World: Mega Cities

  3. China rationalizes its renewable energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

    2010-04-15

    China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

  4. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-coal as a feedstock, coal gasification produces syngas whichCoal to Methanol Gasification Coal to Synthetic Methanol

  5. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-Biogas and Biomass Gasification Liquid Biofuels Bioethanolcombustion, biomass gasification and biomass co-fired coal

  6. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    and Reserves Circular. Beijing: MLR, cited in IEA. 2009.Cleaner Coal in China. Paris: IEA. Ghee Peh, Wei Ouyang. (London: WEC Press. IEA. (2007) World Energy Outlook 2007.

  7. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    compared to other renewable energy policies illustrate thatExpansion Policy Drivers Renewable Energy Law of China TheRenewable Energy Law, other technology-specific policies

  8. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Trough Concentrating Solar Power Plant and Impacts of Keyof a 1.5 MW solar power tower plant in China. ” Renewablelarger commercial solar power tower plants in Northwestern

  9. Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, F.

    2010-01-01

    China's Power Industry," Cogeneration Technolo- gy, V o l .tion Development," Cogeneration Technol- ogy, V o l . 41, NE Y NATIONAL LABORATORY Cogeneration Development and Market

  10. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Technology. ” London: Renewable UK. Available at: http://tower plant in China. ” Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi." Renewable and Sustainable Energy

  11. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    15. Scope of Nuclear Power Generation Analysis and MajorFigure 27. Alternative Power Generation Fleet Average Fossilexpanded nuclear and wind power generation. In sum, if China

  12. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    stage of the cycle. Uranium Mining and Milling China hasissues surrounding uranium mining, the land intensity for40 Table 17. Uranium Ore Mining and Milling Energy Intensity

  13. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    cycle inventory for hydroelectric generation: a BrazilianChina currently has 15 hydroelectric projects of over 1 GWonly conventional large hydroelectric generation and does

  14. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01

    Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China Christer Janssoncassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolic engineering; Chinathe potentials of cassava in the biofuel sector and point to

  15. Creating and Implementing a Regularized Monitoring and Enforcement System for China's Mandatory Standards and Energy Information Label for Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01

    the passage of China’s Energy Conservation Law (ECL) in 1997In addition, China’s Energy Conservation Law (Article 18)Further, China’s Energy Conservation Law and the Energy

  16. China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    companies; a national energy policy assessment including thein analyzing Chinese energy policy. We released the firstto China; led the Energy Policy Team, China-U.S. Energy

  17. China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2008-01-01

    Urban Refrigerator Stocks, 1990-2006 5 Figure 3 China's Energy Information Label for Refrigerators.. 6 Figure 4 China's Voluntary Energy Efficiency

  18. Secretary Chu: China's Clean Energy Successes Represent a New...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Chu: China's Clean Energy Successes Represent a New "Sputnik Moment" for America Secretary Chu: China's Clean Energy Successes Represent a New "Sputnik Moment" for America November...

  19. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Outlook for China’s Electricity Demand (2010) [?????? ???and rapidly growing electricity demand. By extension, thisare assured high electricity demand and grid companies need

  20. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Natural Gas Electricity Total Transportation Fuel Consumption Petroleum as % Total ChinaChina’s energy. Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) nuclear natural gas

  1. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    and Joanna Kentish. ?Renewable energy policy and electricityand Li Junfeng. ?Renewable Energy Policy Update for China. ?Republic of China Renewable Energy Policy [??????????? ??].

  2. China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd Beijing | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Co Ltd, Beijing Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100012 Product: A Chinese PV cell equipment provider References: China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd,...

  3. China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    procurement programs; energy service companies; a nationalEnergy Management Program and other successful nationalProgram. China’s Cement Production National Energy Strategy

  4. China Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra Photovoltaic Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Glass Solar (aka CG Solar, formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...

  5. China Solar Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd or China Solar PV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Photovoltaic Group (CNPV, aka Dongying Photovoltaic...

  6. Is The Financial Crisis Playing Against China In Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOLA NOUCK, Lucien

    2009-01-01

    University. His main area of research is China-Africa andIndia-Africa relations.Playing Against China In Africa? Introduction Since they

  7. Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector:...

  8. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    China Wind Energy Development Roadmap 2050,? TechnologyChina Wind Energy Development Roadmap 2050. ? Technologyby which wind turbine technology converts wind energy into

  9. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    biores/108435/. ?China‘s power generation capacity leapsfor Renewable Energy Power Generation Prices and Expenses? [htm. ?Analysis of UK Wind Power Generation: November 2008 to

  10. China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal Antecedence Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Energy Ltd (Tianpu Xianxing Group, aka Beijing...

  11. Agricultural Productivity Growth in China: Farm Level versus National Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Colin A.; Chen, Jing; Chu, Baojin

    1999-01-01

    bias any measurement of agricultural productivity, becauseProductivity Growth in China: Farm Level versus National MeasurementProductivity Growth in China: Farm Level versus National Measurement

  12. China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01

    Agency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDThis study presents a China Energy Outlook through 2050 thatto develop a China Energy Outlook through 2050 with 2020 and

  13. Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    Agency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDfocuses on a China Energy Outlook through 2050 that assessesfocuses on a China Energy Outlook through 2050 with 2020 and

  14. Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

  15. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine & Caustic Company (aka China...

  16. China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2008-01-01

    Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. “Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

  17. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  18. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Management Group at the MIT Sloan School of Management. She leads the MIT-Tsinghua China Energy and Climate on emerging markets and the role of policy. Dr. Karplus is an expert on China's energy system, including technology trends, energy system governance, and the sustainability impact of business decisions. She holds

  19. BiotechinChina Enter the Dragon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    . With money in abundance, a rapid transformation toward innovation is palpable in China's pharmaceuti- cal on healthcare reform extending care to the entire nation. The market is growing in China and commercial companies licensing therapies from abroad to address the needs of the national market have picked up

  20. Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    holds wide range of natural science and socioeconomic research and educational activities of China Digital Data Format: Arc Info, TwinBridge Based MS Access, SPSS, ASCII, dBase IV Datum / Map Projection: N Network (CIESIN). "China Dimensions Data Collection" [electronic resource: vector]. Palisades, New York

  1. Assessment Of Carbon Leakage In Multiple Carbon-Sink Projects: A Case Study In Jambi Province, Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Study In Jambi Province, Indonesia Rizaldi Boer 1 , Upik R.Laboratory, 5 Lestari Hutan Indonesia Departement ofForestry, Republic of Indonesia (*Corresponding author:

  2. A systematic regional trend in helium isotopes across the northern basin and range province, Western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

    2006-01-01

    Province and adjacent Snake River Plain in western Northareas, including the Snake River Plain, the Idaho Batholith,Cascade volcanic chain, the Snake River Plain and the Idaho

  3. A Systematic Regional Trend in Helium Isotopes Across the Northern Basin and Range Province, Western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

    2005-01-01

    Province and adjacent Snake River Plain in western Northareas, including the Snake River Plain, the Idaho Batholith,Cascade volcanic chain, the Snake River Plain and the Idaho

  4. Natcore China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,MeregNIFESpinning MillsNass Wind SAS Jump to:Natcore China

  5. Palcan China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcan China Place: Shanghai,

  6. The Role of China in Mitigating Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, S.

    We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of China’s role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on China’s energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...

  7. Tsunami in the China Seas and its warning service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ye Lin; Wang Xinian; Bao Chenglan [National Marine Environment Forecasting Center, Beijing (China)

    1993-12-31

    This paper briefly describes the tsunamis that took place in the China Seas, discusses the possibility of influence of crossing oceanic tsunami on the China Seas, and emphatically introduces the tsunami along Hainan Island coasts in January 1992. It is the seldom tsunami recorded completely by instruments in China. Last, the operation of tsunami warning service in China is presented.

  8. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook. CCTV (Chinaof Energy. China Automotive Industry Corporation and theno. 2, 1994; China Automotive Industry Corporation, et

  9. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01

    in residential electricity demand. Physical residential70% of China’s net electricity demand (Figure 25). Heavycharacteristic of electricity demand in China. From 1980 to

  10. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    4, Energy Consumption Total Petroleum Natural Gas Heat China4, Energy Consumption Natural & Other Gas China EnergyConsumption Coke Electricity Total Petroleum Natural Gas China

  11. Spin-On for the Renaissance? The Current State of China's Nuclear Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jing-dong

    2010-01-01

    and oversee and review nuclear technology trans- fers andwith China’s State Nuclear Power Technology Corpora- tion,China’s own technologies in developing nuclear power proj-

  12. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01

    Roland-Holst, D. , 2008. Energy and Exports in China. ChinaRoland-Holst, D. , 2008. Energy and Exports in China. Chinagrowth. Investment and export energy intensity remained

  13. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

  14. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    China demonstration energy- efficient commercial building”,China Demonstration Energy Efficient Office Building insideUS-China demonstration energy-efficient office building Peng

  15. Spin-On for the Renaissance? The Current State of China's Nuclear Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jing-dong

    2010-01-01

    can develop indigenous nuclear power capacities. The role ofwith China’s State Nuclear Power Technology Corpora-tion, Sanmen Nuclear Power Company, and China National

  16. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Pulp and Paper Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Lingbo

    2014-01-01

    Annual Report of China Paper Industry. Beijing. China PaperCPA). 2011. Annual Report of China Paper Industry. Beijing.Association of Paper Industry (CTAPI). 2011. Almanac of

  17. July 5 -August 2 (SICCEP and IP-CHINA) July 19 -August 16 (IP-CHINA and SICCEP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    July 5 - August 2 (SICCEP and IP-CHINA) July 19 - August 16 (IP-CHINA and SICCEP) Summer School ................................................................................................. 11 #12;#12;SUMMER SCHOOL 2014 Page 4 SICCEP IP-CHINA-CHINA Introduction to Chinese LawIntroduction to Chinese Law, Institutions, and Politics, Institutions, and Politics Environment, Science, and Society

  18. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David

    2011-06-15

    In addition to promoting energy efficiency, China has actively pursued alternative energy development as a strategy to reduce its energy demand and carbon emissions. One area of particular focus has been to raise the share of alternative energy in China’s rapidly growing electricity generation with a 2020 target of 15% share of total primary energy. Over the last ten years, China has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar, wind, nuclear, hydro, geothermal and biomass power as well as biofuels and coal alternatives. This study thus seeks to examine China’s alternative energy in terms of what has and will continue to drive alternative energy development in China as well as analyze in depth the growth potential and challenges facing each specific technology. This study found that despite recent policies enabling extraordinary capacity and investment growth, alternative energy technologies face constraints and barriers to growth. For relatively new technologies that have not achieved commercialization such as concentrated solar thermal, geothermal and biomass power, China faces technological limitations to expanding the scale of installed capacity. While some alternative technologies such as hydropower and coal alternatives have been slowed by uneven and often changing market and policy support, others such as wind and solar PV have encountered physical and institutional barriers to grid integration. Lastly, all alternative energy technologies face constraints in human resources and raw material resources including land and water, with some facing supply limitations in critical elements such as uranium for nuclear, neodymium for wind and rare earth metals for advanced solar PV. In light of China’s potential for and barriers to growth, the resource and energy requirement for alternative energy technologies were modeled and scenario analysis used to evaluate the energy and emission impact of two pathways of alternative energy development. The results show that China can only meets its 2015 and 2020 targets for non-fossil penetration if it successfully achieves all of its capacity targets for 2020 with continued expansion through 2030. To achieve this level of alternative generation, significant amounts of raw materials including 235 Mt of concrete, 54 Mt of steel, 5 Mt of copper along with 3 billion tons of water and 64 thousand square kilometers of land are needed. China’s alternative energy supply will likely have relatively high average energy output to fossil fuel input ratio of 42 declining to 26 over time, but this ratio is largely skewed by nuclear and hydropower capacity. With successful alternative energy development, 32% of China’s electricity and 21% of its total primary energy will be supplied by alternative energy by 2030. Compared to the counterfactual baseline in which alternative energy development stumbles and China does not meet its capacity targets until 2030, alternative energy development can displace 175 Mtce of coal inputs per year and 2080 Mtce cumulatively from power generation by 2030. In carbon terms, this translates into 5520 Mt of displaced CO{sub 2} emissions over the twenty year period, with more than half coming from expanded nuclear and wind power generation. These results illustrate the critical role that alternative energy development can play alongside energy efficiency in reducing China’s energy-related carbon emissions.

  19. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Implications of Nuclear Expansion .. 81 Comparison ofImplications of Nuclear Expansion Although China has not2030. The rapid nuclear capacity expansion requires annual

  20. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    the energy performance of coal fired power plants with post-performance of pulverized coal fired power stations with69 Table 30: China Coal-Fired Electricity Generation

  1. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    operation ? Solar PV: installed capacity more than tripledand the tripling of solar PV installed capacity from 2008 tosolar tower in China has very small installed capacity (see

  2. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    high voltage electricity transmission in China. A secondthe transmission and distribution of electricity, and in theelectricity supply, generation efficiency, dispatch, transmission

  3. The China-in-Global Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, T.

    The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors – including five ...

  4. Equity and Emissions Trading in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, D.

    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

  5. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    heaters fueled by electricity, LPG and natural gas. BesidesWater Heating Use Solar LPG Natural Gas Electricity In lightelectric, natural gas and LPG water heaters. Since our China

  6. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    for Onshore and Offshore Wind Power Development . 26 TableChina Plans 30GW Offshore Wind Power by 2020. ” Xinhua News,similar between onshore and offshore wind turbines (Table

  7. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    China Plans 30GW Offshore Wind Power by 2020. ” Xinhua News,for Onshore and Offshore Wind Power Development . 26 TableTransmission for Offshore Wind Generation .. 23 Figure

  8. Health Damages from Air Pollution in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matus, Kira

    In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

  9. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    hydropower development, particularly through the construction of mega dams. Despite its remaining potentialhydropower growth over the last three decades means China has already tapped into more than half of its technological potential

  10. Jordan ships oil shale to China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    Jordan and China have signed an agreement to develop oil shale processing technology that could lead to a 200 ton/day oil shale plant in Jordan. China will process 1200 tons of Jordanian oil shale at its Fu Shun refinery. If tests are successful, China could build the demonstration plant in Jordan's Lajjun region, where the oil shale resource is estimated at 1.3 billion tons. China plans to send a team to Jordan to conduct a plant design study. A Lajjun oil shale complex could produce as much as 50,000 b/d of shale oil. An earlier 500 ton shipment of shale is said to have yielded promising results.

  11. Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, J.

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates the potentials of energy-saving and mitigation of green-house gas (GHG) emission offered by implementation of building energy efficiency policies in China. An overview of existing literature regarding long-term energy...

  12. Potential of geothermal energy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Peter On

    2010-01-01

    This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in the earth's crust and currently the only ubiquitously ...

  13. The rise of "china threat" arguments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueki, Chikako

    2006-01-01

    The study seeks to explain the rise of "China threat" arguments in the United States and Japan in the 1990s by using three theories of states behavior- realism, organization theory, and democratic peace theory. The rise ...

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    China Plans 30GW Offshore Wind Power by 2020. ” Xinhua News,for Onshore and Offshore Wind Power Development . 26 Table14 Figure 7. Annual Density of Wind Power at Height of 80

  15. Developing a private equity business in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gui, Zhaoyu

    2007-01-01

    The private equity business, a good complement to the public equity market and the debt market, has been playing an increasing role in China. However, there is no universal formula for doing this business. As an art rather ...

  16. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    into three main categories: off-grid remote solar PV and PV-of the investment for off-grid remote PV projects subsidizedused in China for rural, off-grid electricity generation

  17. Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, F.

    2010-01-01

    h almost all of China's coal-fired boilers lack any type ofgovernment has emphasized coal- fired cogeneration to useareas where even the coal-fired cogeneration plants are

  18. The Study of Minority Languages in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Zili

    1988-01-01

    The study of minority languages in the People's Republic of China, in the form of governmental organized research since the 1950s, has resulted in the recent publication of over fifty descriptive grammars. Some practical purposes of the study were...

  19. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    51 Table 23. Biodiesel Producers by Productionexempt consumption tax on biodiesel. ” Reuters, 27 Decemberarticle/2010/12/27/us- china-biodiesel-idUSTRE6BQ2EM20101227

  20. U.S.-China vehicle annex

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The United States and China conduct information exchanges, joint studies, technology demonstrations, and training sessions with national laboratories, automotive industry partners, and other private industries involved in energy efficient transportation.

  1. You Are Never Alone In China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-05-10

    Broadcast Transcript: Here in China, you are never alone. Young couples holding hands and strolling. Citizens practicing tai chi in the park. Elderly women ballroom dancing with one another on the river front balustrade. Men with their donkey carts...

  2. Summary Report U.S.-China 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _center@harvard.edu Website: http://belfercenter.org Design & Layout by Andrew Facini Copyright 2015, President and Fellows. Political and diplomatic machinery for U.S.-China relations.......................................... 36

  3. Publicity-driven accountability in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distelhorst, Gregory Michael

    2013-01-01

    What, if anything, renders unelected bureaucrats accountable to the public? This thesis draws upon field research on contemporary China's news media, officials, and activists to theorize the role of publicity in non-electoral ...

  4. Impacts of China's Current Appliance Standards and Labeling Program to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

    2007-01-01

    rural urban Efficiency China’s national energy efficiencyurban Source: NBS, 2006. Efficiency China’s national energy efficiencyurban household saturation will reach 97% by 2020, refrigerators are a key product for energy efficiency

  5. Techno-Orientalism with Chinese Characteristics: Maureen F. McHugh’s China Mountain Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Christopher T.

    2015-01-01

    china.html. ———. China Mountain Zhang. New York: Doherty,Ethnicity and Gender: China Mountain Zhang’s Transcendent2011), 285. McHugh, China Mountain Zhang, 6. Betsy Pei Chih

  6. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    China India Japan USA Russia Gas China India Non-hydroChina India Japan USA Russia Gas China Russia USA Russia USAIndia Japan USA Russia Electricity Heat Gas Liquid Coal Non-

  7. Land Use Rights, Market Transition, and Rural-urban Labor Migration in China (1980-84)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiu Por

    2012-01-01

    rural China was for self-consumption in rural China. (Zhou,in rural China was for self-consumption in rural China (into four components: self-sufficient consumption; commodity

  8. Plant geography of coastal sand dune vegetation of the Tamaulipan Biotic Province 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baro de Jones, Deborah Maria

    1992-01-01

    . The recorded species belong to 40 families and 116 genera. The three families with greatest species diversity were Fabaceae (18. 0/, ), Asteracee (17. 3/o), and Poaceae (15. 8%%d). The following plant species range patterns were found: endemics (6. 0'/o... the Tamaulipan Biotic Province along the Tamaulipas Coast, Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 8 . . . 12 . 16 IV Plant Community Sampling and Data Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil...

  9. ASSESSMENT HIERARCHY AND INITIAL PROVINCE By T. R. Klett, James W. Schmoker, and Thomas S. Ahlbrandt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    entities for which assessments of undiscovered oil and gas volumes were made. These are delineated withinChapter RH ASSESSMENT HIERARCHY AND INITIAL PROVINCE RANKING By T. R. Klett, James W. Schmoker or on this symbol in the toolbar to return. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY WORLD PETROLEUM ASSESSMENT 2000-- DESCRIPTION

  10. Assessing the Impacts of Wind Integration in the Western Provinces Amy Sopinka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    and utilize high levels of renewable energy technology, such as wind power, depends upon the composition penetrations in the Alberta grid under various balancing protocols. We find that adding #12;iv wind capacityAssessing the Impacts of Wind Integration in the Western Provinces by Amy Sopinka B.A., Queen

  11. On the vertical extent of the large low shear velocity province beneath the South Pacific Superswell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barruol, Guilhem

    , the southwestern Pacific events recorded by seismic arrays in southeastern Asia sample its western rim [Takeuchi et the western rim to the southern rim of the Pacific LLSVP is proposed as a result of forward modeling [HeOn the vertical extent of the large low shear velocity province beneath the South Pacific

  12. AGES CONSTRAINTS IN PEGMATITE PROVINCE RELATED TO CHARNOCKITIC HOST ROCKS IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AGES CONSTRAINTS IN PEGMATITE PROVINCE RELATED TO CHARNOCKITIC HOST ROCKS IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL Fernando Machado de MELLO1 , Essaid BILAL2* , 1- Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil/ +33 4 7749 9707 Abstract Cambrian-Neoproterozoic granitoids suites in southeastern Brazil are the main

  13. MASTER LIST Table of regions, provinces, total petroleum systems, and assessment units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    MASTER LIST Table of regions, provinces, total petroleum systems, and assessment units CODE NAME.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY WORLD PETROLEUM ASSESSMENT 2000-- DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS U.S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team Go to Table of Contents Go to index map #12;1112 South Caspian Basin (Priority

  14. Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    as emissions or energy savings trading under a cap. Whiletrading systems or energy saving trading systems. As aenergy and carbon reductions in China, this research can also contribute to the on- going discussion and piloting of domestic flexible trading

  15. Air China will conduct China's first biofuel test flight (photo: Boeing announces major initiatives to develop, commercialize and fly sustainable jet biofuels in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air China will conduct China's first biofuel test flight (photo: Boeing) Boeing announces major initiatives to develop, commercialize and fly sustainable jet biofuels in China Fri 28 May 2010 ­ Boeing a sustainable aviation biofuels industry in the country. The US aircraft manufacturer says the strategic

  16. Quantifying Regional Economic Impacts of CO2 Intensity Targets in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Da

    2012-09-01

    To address rising energy use and CO2 emissions, China’s leadership has enacted energy and CO2 intensity

  17. Global Carbon Emissions in the Coming Decades: The Case of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark D.

    2008-01-01

    2007. World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights.2007. World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights.

  18. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01

    The household energy transition in India and China. ? EnergyThe household energy transition in India and China. ? Energy

  19. China Brief, Volume 7, Issue 1 SAFETY CHALLENGES IN CHINA'S COAL MINING INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) of coal produced in China was 2.73 in 2005, it was a mere 0.04 in the United States [2]. Even India,995 deaths annually in the last decade, though independent experts state that China's actual death toll technologies and strict regulations. Therefore, while the official fatality rate per million tonnes (mt

  20. Potential for reducing paper mill energy use and carbon dioxide emissions through plant-wide energy audits: A case study in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Lingbo

    2014-01-01

    Taylor, 2011). China’s pulp and paper industry alone used2 emissions in China’s pulp and paper industry. This paperbe used for China’s pulp and paper industry. This factor is

  1. An Anatomy of China's Energy Insecurity and Its Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States the environmental well-being of China and its neighbors. China's risk aversion and poor energy policy making system

  2. Logistics barriers for multinational corporations doing business in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Manqin, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    With rapid economic growth, China attracts many multinational corporations (MNCs) as a manufacturing center with both its cheap labor cost and a huge consumer market. While doing business in China, most MNCs have faced ...

  3. China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

  4. Public participation in shantytown transformation in China : a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Luxi

    2015-01-01

    Public participation is not a familiar concept in China but there is a growing demand from urban planners and policymakers in China to understand and utilize public participation tools. This research seeks to answer: How ...

  5. China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    end-use model of China’s energy economy for 2020. Assessedto meet its goal of reducing energy intensity by 20% in fiveCommission (BDRC) Beijing Energy Efficiency Center (BECon)

  6. China energy issues : energy intensity, coal liquefaction, and carbon pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Ning, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    In my dissertation I explore three independent, but related, topics on China's energy issues. First, I examine the drivers for provincial energy-intensity trends in China, and finds that technology innovation is the key ...

  7. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    woes hamper China wind farms‘ push for profitability. ?China adds 18.9 GW of new wind power capacity in 2010. ?Global Wind Energy Council. 6 April 2011. http://

  8. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    China ready for its nuclear expansion? ? Energy Policy 39 (China ready for its nuclear expansion? ? Energy Policy 39 (will also rely on the expansion of nuclear power to decouple

  9. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    industry. 17 “China’s 3D Printing: Not a Revolution–Yet,”18 Rose Brooks, “3D Printing in the Emerging Markets:Academician Deciphers 3D Printing Tech- nology], ?????? [

  10. Readout on Secretary Chu's China Meetings on Clean Energy | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - Secretary Chu is meeting with a series of Chinese officials during this week's trip to China. We will be providing readouts on these...

  11. Chinese online BBS sphere : what BBS has brought to China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Liwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    This thesis explores various aspects of the online Bulletin Board System (BBS) world as they relate to the possibilities of the public sphere in China. It addresses two major questions: what has BBS brought to China where ...

  12. Inbound freight consolidation for US manufacturers at China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Yi, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, China has become the world factory for a sizable portion of products. Most manufacturing conglomerates in the United States now have contract manufacturing plants in China. Because many of these US companies ...

  13. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    In Tariff to Build Domestic Solar Market. September 14, 2011growth of the domestic solar market. The newly issued feed-dominated China’s solar power project market by underbidding

  14. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Coco. ?China Rebuilds Its Power Grid as Part of Its CleanSchwartz, Louis. ?The Power Grid and Wind Industry in China:Measure on Supervision of Power-Grid Enterprise Purchases of

  15. China Has Become a Top Global Warship Builder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLLINS, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    five years. China’s shipyards now are surpassing WesternWuhan/Jiang- powered nan shipyards CSIC/CSSC Air defenseHuangpu/ Hudong-Zhon- ghua shipyards CSSC Missile catamaran

  16. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    those suitable for offshore wind farms. But foreign firms,technology for offshore wind farms. 111 Thus, although China

  17. Accessing Future Flashpoints in the South China Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KAPLAN, Brad

    2013-01-01

    capability and resolve. Brad KAPLAN served for 30 years inin the South China Sea Brad KAPLAN C SUMMARY onfrontations

  18. Clean coal. U.S.-China cooperation in energy security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, D.

    2008-05-15

    This work discusses how coal fits into the strategies of the USA and China to attain energy security while avoiding adverse environmental impacts. It begins by describing China's policy choices for clean coal, before discussing the implications of a clean coal strategy for China. The U.S. choices in a coal-based strategy of energy security is then covered. Finally, a joint US-China clean coal strategy, including the technology sharing option, is discussed.

  19. Progress and Effect of Energy-Saving Standards in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development of energy-saving standards in China, results of standards, and work highlights.

  20. China Has Become a Top Global Warship Builder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLLINS, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    China builds its nuclear submarines) is a top candidate dueneeded to build nuclear submarines capable of surviv- ing in

  1. China's rapid deployment of SO2 scrubbers Robert H. Williamsb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In the language of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, studies have indicated that China has not been rich enough

  2. SCIENCE CHINA Month Year Vol. Vol No. No: 116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Alexandre

    SCIENCE CHINA Month Year Vol. Vol No. No: 1­16 doi: An Evaluation Framework for Energy AwareShanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy Computing East China Normal University, Shanghai 20062, China together with Intelligent, Energy Aware Buildings will play a major role in achieving an energy efficient

  3. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    Clean Energy Race? Washington, D.C. : Pew Charitable Trusts, China GreenTech Initiative,clean energy is, however, far from being achieved in China. The China Greentech Initiativeclean energy. The Golden Sun Photovoltaic (PV) Demonstration Program is one of several national initiatives

  4. Recommendations for at-risk water supplies in Capiz Province, Philippines : using water source and community assessments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Jessica Molly

    2010-01-01

    The following thesis is part of a larger project which began in response to a request by the Provincial Health Office (PHO) in Capiz Province, Philippines for expert advice to support its drinking water quality testing ...

  5. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2011-01-01

    We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

  6. An Anatomy of China's Energy Insecurity and Its Strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kong, Bo

    2005-12-06

    China’s energy insecurity largely originates from its constrained availability, questionable reliability, and uncertain affordability of its oil supplies. The country’s fast industrialization and urbanization, together with demand for infrastructure and increasing popularity of automobiles, requires a lot of energy, but it consumes energy both intensively and inefficiently, threatening the environmental well-being of China and its neighbors. China’s risk aversion and poor energy policy making system further magnifies its perceptions of the low availability, reliability and affordability of oil imports, which further compounds its sense of energy insecurity. Distrustful of the market, and suspicious of other major energy players in the international market, the Chinese leadership relies on the state-centered approach, or economic nationalism, rather than a market approach to enhance its energy security. However, the country lacks not only an energy policy making system that can make and implement sound energy policies but also an energy market that relies on market prices to allocate energy resources efficiently. As a result of this domestic failure, China has pushed its national flagship companies to undertake a global scavenger hunt for energy while muddling along a messy road of energy reform at home. Setbacks in acquiring new sources of oil have validated the Chinese leadership’s belief that the international oil market is not free and China’s access to international oil is not guaranteed through the market. China’s problems in the international energy market are also perceived as evidence of attempts to prevent China from exerting international influence. China’s leadership is convinced that China should focus on areas where western capital is not heavily concentrated or where western influences are weak. With the recent revaluation of Chinese currency and growing economy, China has both the wherewithal and appetite to acquire more oil assets abroad. Both China and the United States stand at a critical juncture of history where China’s rise depends on reliable energy supplies which it increasingly imports from abroad and where the growing wealth of the United States is increasingly dependent upon China’s success. If China does not have energy security it’s 1.3 billion fuel-starved people will prevent the rest of the world from achieving energy security.

  7. Review of the NURE Assessment of the U.S. Gulf Coast Uranium Province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, Susan M., E-mail: SusanHall@usgs.gov [Central Energy Resources Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey (United States)

    2013-09-15

    Historic exploration and development were used to evaluate the reliability of domestic uranium reserves and potential resources estimated by the U.S. Department of Energy national uranium resource evaluation (NURE) program in the U.S. Gulf Coast Uranium Province. NURE estimated 87 million pounds of reserves in the $30/lb U{sub 3}O{sub 8} cost category in the Coast Plain uranium resource region, most in the Gulf Coast Uranium Province. Since NURE, 40 million pounds of reserves have been mined, and 38 million pounds are estimated to remain in place as of 2012, accounting for all but 9 million pounds of U{sub 3}O{sub 8} in the reserve or production categories in the NURE estimate. Considering the complexities and uncertainties of the analysis, this study indicates that the NURE reserve estimates for the province were accurate. An unconditional potential resource of 1.4 billion pounds of U{sub 3}O{sub 8}, 600 million pounds of U{sub 3}O{sub 8} in the forward cost category of $30/lb U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1980 prices), was estimated in 106 favorable areas by the NURE program in the province. Removing potential resources from the non-productive Houston embayment, and those reserves estimated below historic and current mining depths reduces the unconditional potential resource 33% to about 930 million pounds of U{sub 3}O{sub 8}, and that in the $30/lb cost category 34% to 399 million pounds of U{sub 3}O{sub 8}. Based on production records and reserve estimates tabulated for the region, most of the production since 1980 is likely from the reserves identified by NURE. The potential resource predicted by NURE has not been developed, likely due to a variety of factors related to the low uranium prices that have prevailed since 1980.

  8. An inventory of invasive alien species in China 1 An inventory of invasive alien species in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kratochvíl, Lukas

    An inventory of invasive alien species in China 1 An inventory of invasive alien species in China of invasive alien species in China. NeoBiota 15: 1­26. doi: 10.3897/neobiota.15.3575 Abstract Invasive alien: 10.3897/neobiota.15.3575 www.pensoft.net/journals/neobiota review ArtiCle Advancing research on alien

  9. China energy databook. Revision 2, 1992 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Liu, Feng; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1993-06-01

    The Energy Analysis Program at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues, we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US. In order to select appropriate data from what was available we established several criteria. Our primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system. A primary criterion was thus that the data relate to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and indicate probable developments (e.g., as indicated by patterns of investment). Other standards were accuracy, consistency with other information, and completeness of coverage. This is not to say that all the data presented herein are accurate, consistent, and complete, but where discrepancies and omissions do occur we have tried to note them.

  10. China's industrial sector in an international context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Martin, Nathan; Lehman, Bryan; Sinton, Jonathan

    2000-05-01

    The industrial sector accounts for 40% of global energy use. In 1995, developing countries used an estimated 48 EJ for industrial production, over one-third of world total industrial primary energy use (Price et al., 1998). Industrial output and energy use in developing countries is dominated by China, India, and Brazil. China alone accounts for about 30 EJ (National Bureau of Statistics, 1999), or about 23% of world industrial energy use. China's industrial sector is extremely energy-intensive and accounted for almost 75% of the country's total energy use in 1997. Industrial energy use in China grew an average of 6.6% per year, from 14 EJ in 1985 to 30 EJ in 1997 (Sinton et al., 1996; National Bureau of Statistics, 1999). This growth is more than three times faster than the average growth that took place in the world during the past two decades. The industrial sector can be divided into light and heavy industry, reflecting the relative energy-intensity of the manufacturing processes. In China, about 80% of the energy used in the industrial sector is consumed by heavy industry. Of this, the largest energy-consuming industries are chemicals, ferrous metals, and building materials (Sinton et al., 1996). This paper presents the results of international comparisons of production levels and energy use in six energy-intensive subsectors: iron and steel, aluminum, cement, petroleum refining, ammonia, and ethylene. The sectoral analysis results indicate that energy requirements to produce a unit of raw material in China are often higher than industrialized countries for most of the products analyzed in this paper, reflecting a significant potential to continue to improve energy efficiency in heavy industry.

  11. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2009-07-01

    This study analyzes China's coal industry by focusing on four related areas. First, data are reviewed to identify the major drivers of historical and future coal demand. Second, resource constraints and transport bottlenecks are analyzed to evaluate demand and growth scenarios. The third area assesses the physical requirements of substituting coal demand growth with other primary energy forms. Finally, the study examines the carbon- and environmental implications of China's past and future coal consumption. There are three sections that address these areas by identifying particular characteristics of China's coal industry, quantifying factors driving demand, and analyzing supply scenarios: (1) reviews the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China's coal industry including historical production, resource requirements, and prices; (2) quantifies the largest drivers of coal usage to produce a bottom-up reference projection of 2025 coal demand; and (3) analyzes coal supply constraints, substitution options, and environmental externalities. Finally, the last section presents conclusions on the role of coal in China's ongoing energy and economic development. China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. In 2007 Chinese coal production contained more energy than total Middle Eastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand after 2001 created supply strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about sustainability. Urbanization, heavy industrial growth, and increasing per-capita income are the primary interrelated drivers of rising coal usage. In 2007, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement production accounted for 66% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units would save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand for the power sector. A new wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. If coal to chemicals capacity reaches 70 million tonnes and coal-to-liquids capacity reaches 60 million tonnes, coal feedstock requirements would add an additional 450 million tonnes by 2025. Even with more efficient growth among these drivers, China's annual coal demand is expected to reach 3.9 to 4.3 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not reversed China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Substitution is a matter of scale: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth of 200 million tonnes would require 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas (compared to 2007 growth of 13 BCM), 48 GW of nuclear (compared to 2007 growth of 2 GW), or 86 GW of hydropower capacity (compared to 2007 growth of 16 GW). Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on a high growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China has a low proportion of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport capacity. Furthermore, transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transportation oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 million tonnes by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets.

  12. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Gas Industry and Gas to Power Generation." IEEJ: July 2007.71 Figure 55 China AIS Power Generation Capacity, 2000-74 Comparison of Total Power Generation Output in 2030 by

  13. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Cement Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Economic Output in Chinese Cement Kilns,” Proceedings of thereduction of China’s cement industry. Energy Policy 45 (751. Kong, Xiangzhong (China Cement Association, CCA), 2009.

  14. Do Chinese Environmental Laws Work? A Study of Litigation as a Response to the Problem of Fishery Pollution in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMullin, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    THE PROBLEM OF FISHERY POLLUTION IN CHINA Joseph McMullinlFishery Pollution in China II. Water Pollution in China: Its Overall Effects on

  15. Energy use and CO2 emissions of China’s industrial sector from a global perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Sheng; Kyle, G. Page; Yu, Sha; Clarke, Leon E.; Eom, Jiyong; Luckow, Patrick W.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Zhang, Xiliang; Edmonds, James A.

    2013-07-10

    The industrial sector has accounted for more than 50% of China’s final energy consumption in the past 30 years. Understanding the future emissions and emissions mitigation opportunities depends on proper characterization of the present-day industrial energy use, as well as industrial demand drivers and technological opportunities in the future. Traditionally, however, integrated assessment research has handled the industrial sector of China in a highly aggregate form. In this study, we develop a technologically detailed, service-oriented representation of 11 industrial subsectors in China, and analyze a suite of scenarios of future industrial demand growth. We find that, due to anticipated saturation of China’s per-capita demands of basic industrial goods, industrial energy demand and CO2 emissions approach a plateau between 2030 and 2040, then decrease gradually. Still, without emissions mitigation policies, the industrial sector remains heavily reliant on coal, and therefore emissions-intensive. With carbon prices, we observe some degree of industrial sector electrification, deployment of CCS at large industrial point sources of CO2 emissions at low carbon prices, an increase in the share of CHP systems at industrial facilities. These technological responses amount to reductions of industrial emissions (including indirect emission from electricity) are of 24% in 2050 and 66% in 2095.

  16. THE CHINA COUNCIL FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Developments from Earlier Recommendations of the Working Group 3.1 Deep Coal Bed Methane Recovery on Polygeneration of Chemical, Gas, Heat and Power from Coal 4.3 Recommendations on Enhanced Coal Bed Methane Recovery 4.4 Recommendations on Renewable Portfolio Standards in China 4.5 Recommendations on Wind energy

  17. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity COORDINATOR NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL POLICY CENTER FOR AMERICAN PROGRESS China's remarkable

  18. Biomedical Engineering City University Hong Kong, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomedical Engineering City University Hong Kong, China Spring Semester Junior Year Abroad Freshman Sophomore Year Fall VU Spring VU BSCI 110a/111a Intro to Bio Sciences 4 BSCI Biomedical Sciences Course 4 General Physics, Lab 4 EECE 112 Circuits I 3 BME 101 Intro to Biomechanics 3 BME 103 Biomedical Materials

  19. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Consumption of Coal Gas, LPG, and Natural Gas by ProvinceConsumption of Coal Gas, LPG, and Natural Gas by ProvinceJet fuel Kerosene (lighting) LPG [2] [1] See table 6B.14 for

  20. Assessment of China's virtual air pollution transport embodied in trade by using a consumption-based emission inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    emissions in nearly all provinces. In Beijing, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhe- jiang and Guangdong, biomass combustion

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    and Consumption 5. Rural electricty by region, 2004 ProvincePower Station (units) 6. Rural electricty by region, 2005

  2. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01

    the leading alternative energy vehicles available today. 242China‘s current alternative energy vehicle strategy is likealternative energy cars –EVs plus hybrids– would grab 39 percent of China‘s new vehicle

  3. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01

    5.1 Impact on China’s oil consumption and greenhouse gas2010) China’s Domestic Oil Consumption, Oil Exports, and OilI MPACT ON C HINA ‘ S OIL CONSUMPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS

  4. Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Lynn; Zhou, Nan; Lu, Hongyou; Sambeek, Emiel van; Yowargana, Ping; Shuang, Liu; Kejun, Jiang

    2012-07-12

    This research intends to explore possible design options for a sectoral approach in the cement sector in Shandong Province and to consider its respective advantages and disadvantages for future application. An effort has been made in this research to gather and analyze data that will provide a transparent and robust basis for development of a Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario, maximum technology potential scenario, and ultimately a sector crediting baseline. Surveys among cement companies and discussions with stakeholders were also conducted in order to better understand the industry and local needs related to the sectoral approach.

  5. *Supported by the Visiting Scholar Foundation of Shanxi Province P. R. China1 A Fuzzy Neural Network Based on the TS Model with Dynamic Consequent Parameters and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Tsau Young

    control system of superheated steam temperature in power plants. The approach is simulated in MATLAB neural-network, TS model, Cascade control, Superheated steam temperature 1. Introduction There are two Network Based on the TS Model with Dynamic Consequent Parameters and its Application to Steam Temperature

  6. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    China India Japan USA Russia Electricity Heat Gas LiquidChina India Japan USA Russia Electricity China India HeatRussia India Japan Electricity Russia USA Heat Russia USA

  7. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Source: NDRC. Chapter 6, Energy Prices China Energy DatabookSource: NDRC. Chapter 6, Energy Prices China Energy DatabookSource: NDRC. Chapter 6, Energy Prices China Energy Databook

  8. The Energy and CO2 Emissions Impact of Renewable Energy Development in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, X.

    China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...

  9. Winter Heating or Clean Air? Unintended Impacts of China's Huai River Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almond, Douglas

    Air quality in China is notoriously poor. Ambient concentrations of Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) 1981-1993 were more than double China’s National Annual Mean Ambient Air Quality Standard of 200 mg/m-3 (Xiaohui Bi et ...

  10. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy Consumption:10. China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy: Sectoral16 Table 11. China's 2008 CO 2 Emissions from Energy:

  11. Natural Gas Pricing Reform in China: Getting Closer to a Market System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, S.

    2015-08-31

    Recent policy in China targets an increase in the contribution of natural gas to the nation’s energy supply. Historically, China’s natural gas prices have been highly regulated with a goal to protect consumers. The old ...

  12. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Pulp and Paper Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Lingbo

    2014-01-01

    for the Pulp and Paper Industry in China Lingbo Kong, Alifor the Pulp and Paper Industry in China Lingbo Kong 1, 2 ,Abstract The pulp and paper industry in China has been

  13. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    Consumption by Fuel COAL NATURAL GAS PETROLEUM Figure 1. China’Consumption Coal Coke and Other Derivatives Petroleum Natural Gas Figure 10. China’Consumption Coal Coke and Other Derivatives Petroleum Natural Gas Figure 11. China

  14. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    study relies on official energy data from primary sources. Aestimates ultimately rely on energy data reported by China’susing China’s published energy data. The goals of the study

  15. US-China_Fact_Sheet_Electric_Vehicles.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean...

  16. Mitigating Carbon Emissions: the Potential of Improving Efficiency of Household Appliances in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2006-01-01

    coal’s dominance in power generation will decline somewhatthe carbon intensity of power generation in China from 0.230of fuel in China’s power generation. Coal will continue to

  17. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Table 6B.12. Southern Power Grid On-Grid Price, 2005 Table6B.13. East China Power Grid On-Grid Price, 2005 Table6B.14. Northeast China Power Grid On-Grid Price, 2005 China

  18. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Comparisons Japan India China Energy Databook 7.0 TableJapan USA Russia China India China Energy Databook 7.0 JapanAssociation, 1994; India and FSU — LDC Energy Database,

  19. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Non-Hydro Renewable Energy, Mtoe Country China India JapanNon-hydro Renewable Energy, Shares Country China India JapanNon-Hydro Renewable Energy, Mtoe Country China India Japan

  20. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Cement Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Energy ResearchNational Laboratory. Available at: http://china.lbl.gov/research/china-energy-

  1. UGA Connections with China UGA's growth in connections with China has been substantial in the last decade; prior to 2006, UGA had no

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    and international trade law Global Food and Trade in China CAES Global food, food safety, agricultural

  2. Applying an improved rapid impact assessment matrix method to strategic environmental assessment of urban planning in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei Xie, Yuanbo Hao, Fanghua

    2014-04-01

    Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has become an increasingly important decision-support tool for providing information on the environmental implications of a policy, plan, or program. The goal is to safeguard the environment and promote sustainable development at the strategic level. Despite major progress in implementing SEA practices internationally, developing countries, such as China, often lag behind in applying SEA methodology. Lack of available data and time constraints arising from tight schedules create problems. The rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) is a potential resource for breaking through such difficulties. Our analysis of RIAM applications suggested that it could become a tool for evaluating strategic alternatives because of its applicability in interdisciplinary settings, its transparency, and its short implementation timeframe. To make it more suitable for the SEA context, we have developed two major improvements to the conventional RIAM process: assignment of weights to assessment indicators and the development of an integrated environmental assessment score (IES). The improved RIAM process was employed in an SEA of the development plan for the Nansha District in Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province in China. It was used to assess five alternatives for development in Wanqingsha (WQS), a subunit of Nansha, where important ecological resources are located and where industrial development could impact the air quality in the neighboring Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). The evaluation identified WQS-A04 as the preferred alternative. This alternative involved a minimal amount of industrial development – 10% compared with the most intense development alternative – and included important wetland preservation plans. The assessment results have been incorporated into the officially approved development plan for Nansha. The improved RIAM methodology is well adapted to the technical aims of SEA and decision-making structures in China. It offers the potential for delivering timely and quality results to decision-making processes. To achieve the desired efficiency, it is recommended that an SEA procedure take into account findings acquired from an improved RIAM application at an early stage, then, at a later stage, results from more comprehensive assessments conducted using more sophisticated methods should be added, if time and data are available. - Highlights: • RIAM is a potential SEA tool due to its multidisciplinary setting and rapid process. • Weighting index and computing IES are raised for improving RIAM when applied to SEAs. • The improved RIAM boosts SEA effectiveness by timely responding to decision-making. • The improved RIAM is more suitable to an SEA bothered by tight time or data shortage. • The improved RIAM adapts to the technical aims of SEA and decision features in China.

  3. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity, this economic expansion has been accompanied by a corresponding surge in energy consumption. China beca

  4. Passive solar in China: traditional and new

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.; Balcomb, S.A.

    1986-04-01

    The authors' observations of a tradition of passive solar architecture in northern China are described. Tendencies for modern buildings to depart from this tradition are noted. Major passive solar research programs are discussed and experimental buildings are illustrated. It is concluded that the Chinese could realize a major advantage by combining their strong tradition of passive solar architecture with modern insulation methods and improved glazing systems.

  5. Cusiana trend exploration, Llanos Foothills thrustbelt, Colombia: The opening of a new hydrocarbon province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, J.; Hayward, T.; Addison, F. (BP Exploration, Bogota (Colombia)); Espinosa, G. (Ecopetrol, Bogota (Colombia))

    1996-01-01

    The Llanos Foothills petroleum trend of the Eastern Cordillera in Colombia containing the giant Cusiana Field has proven to be one of the most exciting hydrocarbon provinces discovered in recent years. The Llanos Foothills trend is a fold and thrust belt with cumulative discovered reserves to date of nearly 6 billion barrels of oil equivalent. This paper summarizes the critical exploration techniques used in unlocking the potential of this major petroleum system. The first phase of exploration in the Llanos Foothills lasted from the early 1960's to the mid-70's. Several large structures defined by surface geology and seismic data were drilled. Although no major discoveries were made, evidence of a petroleum play was found. The seismic imaging and drilling technology combined with the geological understanding which was then available did not allow the full potential of the trend to be realized. In the late 1980's better data and a revised geological perception of the trend led BP, Triton and Total into active exploration, which resulted in the discovery of the Cusiana Field. The subsequent discovery of the Cupiagua, Volcanera, Florena and Pauto Sur Fields confirmed the trend as a major hydrocarbon province. The exploration programme has used a series of geological and geophysical practices and techniques which have allowed the successful exploitation of the trend. The critical success factor has been the correct application of technology in seismic acquisition and recessing and drilling techniques.

  6. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01

    into numerous layers. A 3D printer then prints successive3D printing to China in 1988 for Tsinghua University professor Yan Yongnian to acquire his first printer

  7. Energy efficiency opportunities in China. Industrial equipment and small cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01

    A quick glance at comparative statistics on energy consumption per unit of industrial output reveals that China is one of the least energy efficient countries in the world. Energy waste not only impedes economic growth, but also creates pollution that threatens human health, regional ecosystems, and the global climate. China`s decision to pursue economic reform and encourage technology transfer from developed countries has created a window of opportunity for significant advances in energy efficiency. Policy changes, technical training, public education, and financing can help China realize its energy conservation potential.

  8. The Development of Methanol Industry and Methanol Fuel in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, W.Y.; Li, Z.; Xie, K.C.

    2009-07-01

    In 2007, China firmly established itself as the driver of the global methanol industry. The country became the world's largest methanol producer and consumer. The development of the methanol industry and methanol fuel in China is reviewed in this article. China is rich in coal but is short on oil and natural gas; unfortunately, transportation development will need more and more oil to provide the fuel. Methanol is becoming a dominant alternative fuel. China is showing the rest of the world how cleaner transportation fuels can be made from coal.

  9. Interested but unsure: Public attitudes toward electric vehicles in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    2011). Review of China's bioethanol development and a casedemand and distribution of bioethanol expansion by nationalsector, including mandatory bioethanol use (Tao, Yu, & Wu,

  10. China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01

    Development Plan for Renewable Energy in China. ” Availablefor extraction. For the renewable energy forms and nuclearfor extraction. For the renewable energy forms and nuclear

  11. Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2010-01-01

    for 90% of household electricity consumption in China. Usinggives an annual electricity consumption of 12kWh assumingto look at is electricity consumption at the household

  12. NREL: News - NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Newsroom Bookmark and Share Printable Version News Release NR-2115 NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open Capital for Solar Deployment May 14, 2015 The...

  13. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    the Administration of Renewable Energy Development SpecialReduction and Renewable Energy Development. http://finance in promoting renewable energy development in China.

  14. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Renewable power for China: Past, present, and future,? Frontiers of Energyfuture energy demand. Wind power must be complemented with other renewable

  15. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    to buyers of electric and hybrid cars. The pilot provides aChina to subsidise hybrid, electric car purchases, June 1,

  16. China's Military Aviation Industry: In Search of Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RASKA, Michael; KROLIKOWSKI, Alanna

    2013-01-01

    Industry: In Search of Innovation Michael RASKA Alannascience, technology, and innovation capabilities andsector. The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (

  17. HCNG Engine Testing and HCNG Vehicle Marketing in China

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These slides were presented at the International Hydrogen Fuel and Pressure Vessel Forum on September 27 – 29, 2010, in Beijing, China.

  18. U. S.-CHINA CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER (CERC)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Request for lnformation (RFI) U. S.-CHINA CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER (CERC) DATE: November 17,2009 SUEUECT: Request for lnformation (RFI) DESCRIPTION: The Department of Energy...

  19. Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2010-01-01

    2007). Coping with Residential Electricity Demand in India'sResidential Electricity Demand in China –Can EfficiencyBoom of Electricity Demand in the residential sector in the

  20. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    to raise pumped storage hydropower capacity. ? Industrialto raise pumped storage hydropower capacity,? Industrialin regions of China without hydropower resources, coal-fired

  1. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01

    Building a national wind turbine industry: experiences fromthe world‘s largest manufacturer of wind turbines. 1 Inthe world‘s installed wind turbines were erected in China,

  2. China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01

    et. al. 2007. “China Wind Power Report. ” Beijing: Chinachina/en/press/reports/wind-power-report.pdf National Bureauin academic journals (wind power and hydropower); and own-

  3. Assessment of Allowance Mechanismin China's Carbon Trading Pilots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xiong, Ling; Shen, Bo; Qi, Shaozhou; Price, Lynn

    2015-08-01

    The allowance mechanism is one of the core and sensitive aspects in design of a carbon trading scheme and affects the compliance cost for each company covered under the scheme. By examining China's allowance mechanism from two aspects including allowance allocation and allowance distribution, this paper compares China's carbon trading pilots with the EU Emissions Trading System and California Cap-and-Trade Program, and through the comparison identify issues that affect the efficiency of the pilots. The paper also recommends course of actions to strengthen China's existing pilots and build valuable experiences for the establishment of the national cap-and-trade system in China.

  4. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    2010/03/29/china-leads-in-renewable-investments/ http://the Administration of Renewable Energy Development SpecialPollution Reduction and Renewable Energy Development.

  5. U.S., China Reach Agreement on Intellectual Property Protections...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    guidelines agreed upon by each of the three consortia comprising the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. David Sandalow, Assistant Secretary for Policy and...

  6. China-Transportation Demand Management in Beijing: Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China-Transportation Demand Management in Beijing: Mitigation of Emissions in Urban Transport Jump to: navigation, search Name Transportation Demand Management in Beijing -...

  7. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    RMB) hydro & nuclear Historical Primary Energy Consumptionhouseholds. Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) hydro nuclearfuels and hydro can be easily compared Energy Use in China

  8. Energy and Environmental Impacts of Rural Vehicles in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong

    2004-01-01

    ENERGY, AND AIR POLLUTION IN CHINA Middle distillates, including diesel Fuel oil Year FIGURE 4 Chinese oil consumption in million metric tons (MMT), 1965–

  9. GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    purification industry SHANGHAI, September. 17, 2015 - A team of scientists led by the Coating and Membrane Technology Laboratory at GE's China Technology Center have successfully...

  10. NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open Capital for Solar Deployment May 14, 2015 The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the...

  11. China Has Become a Top Global Warship Builder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLLINS, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    construction. Chinese naval shipbuilding faces several chal-China’s military shipbuilding technical capabilities canwill near current U.S. shipbuilding technical proficiency

  12. Climatic effects of different aerosol types in China simulated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. GU

    2006-01-01

    of Earth’s surface solar radiation in China during 30 recentsulfates mainly reflect solar radiation and induce negativeabsorb substantial solar radiation and have a positive solar

  13. Climbing Up the Technology Ladder? High-Technology Exports in China and Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Kevin P.; Porzecanski, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    the Technology Ladder? High- Technology Exports in China andthe Technology Ladder? High-Technology Exports in China andin the global market for high technology products? How does

  14. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01

    66: China CO 2 Emissions in Global Context WEO '08 globalmt CO2 WEO '08 China CLU Source: IEA, 2008 World Energy

  15. Defense Science and Technology Innovation Teams: Mechanisms and Indicators for Indigenous Innovation in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WRIGHT, Darren J.

    2015-01-01

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFScience and Technology Innovation Teams: Mechanisms andIndicators for Indigenous Innovation in China Darren J.

  16. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01

    2006. Verification of Energy Consumption in China duringheterogeneity in China's energy consumption: Sector priceChallenge of Reducing Energy Consumption of the Top- 1000

  17. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,and Policy of Uniti Energy Consumption (kWh/yr) Ordinary

  18. China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room Air Conditioners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    L ABORATORY China Energy Efficiency Round Robin TestingNeed to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Energy Consumingfor Implementing the China Energy Efficiency Label System (

  19. Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01

    with staff of Jiangsu Energy Conservation Technical ServiceAssessment of China’s Energy-Saving and Emission-ReductionCenter for Industrial Energy Efficiency (Beijing), December

  20. The Paradox of Regulatory Development in China: The Case of the Electricity Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Chung-min

    2010-01-01

    Airlines China Southern Power Grid Employee Stock Ownershipand China Southern Power Grid, which own the networkof power plants and power grids (changwang fenkai) and the